airport security

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pages: 309 words: 100,573

Cockpit Confidential: Everything You Need to Know About Air Travel: Questions, Answers, and Reflections by Patrick Smith

Airbus A320, airline deregulation, airport security, Atul Gawande, call centre, Captain Sullenberger Hudson, collective bargaining, inflight wifi, low cost airline, low cost carrier, Maui Hawaii, Mercator projection, New Urbanism, pattern recognition, race to the bottom, Skype, Tenerife airport disaster, US Airways Flight 1549, zero-sum game

Tough-as-nails prison guards cannot keep knives out of maximum security cell blocks, never mind the idea of guards trying to root out every conceivable weapon at an overcrowded terminal. The second flaw is our lingering preoccupation with the tactics used by the terrorists on September 11—the huge and tragic irony being that the success of the 2001 attacks had almost nothing to do with airport security in the first place. As conventional wisdom has it, the 9/11 terrorists exploited a weakness in airport security by smuggling aboard box cutters. But conventional wisdom is wrong. It was not a failure of airport security that allowed those men to hatch their takeover scheme. It was, instead, a failure of national security—a breakdown of communication and oversight at the FBI and CIA levels. What the men actually exploited was a weakness in our mindset—a set of presumptions based on the decades-long track record of hijackings and how they were expected to unfold.

• The glorious glory • Dogs and cats below • The story on cell phones and PEDs • Those damn dings • Listening in on cockpit chatter • Public address madness and the babble of the safety briefing • Class struggles: first, business, economy, and beyond • The trials and tribulations of boarding, and how to make it better • A round of applause Looking Out: Memorable Views from Aloft 6. …Must Come Down: Disasters, Mishaps, and Fatuous Flights of Fancy Terminal Madness: What Is Airport Security? The Ten Deadliest Air Disasters of All Time Terrorism perspective: the golden age of air crimes • Fear and reason: encouragement for nervous flyers • What pilots dread • Emergencies, real and imagined • Where airlines fear to tread • The ten worst disasters of all time • Foreign airline safety • The myth of the Immaculate Qantas • Budget carrier safety • Flight and punishment • Exploding tires and other nightmares • Could a nonpilot land a jetliner?

I once received an email asking me about a supposed “tacit agreement” between pilots that says we will not openly discuss UFO sightings out of fear of embarrassment and, as the emailer put it, “possible career suicide.” I had to laugh at the notion of there being a tacit agreement among pilots over anything, let alone flying saucers. And although plenty of things in aviation are tantamount to career suicide, withholding information about UFOs isn’t one of them. 6 …MUST COME DOWN Disasters, Mishaps, and Fatuous Flights of Fancy TERMINAL MADNESS: WHAT IS AIRPORT SECURITY? In America and across much of the world, the security enhancements put in place following the catastrophe of September 11, 2001, have been drastic and of two kinds: those practical and effective, and those irrational and pointless. The first variety have taken place almost entirely behind the scenes. Comprehensive explosives scanning for checked luggage, for instance, was long overdue and is perhaps the most welcome addition.


pages: 217 words: 152

Why Airplanes Crash: Aviation Safety in a Changing World by Clinton V. Oster, John S. Strong, C. Kurt Zorn

airline deregulation, airport security, correlation coefficient, Tenerife airport disaster, trickle-down economics

PROFILE OF A FLIGHT To understand these conclusions and to place them in the proper context, it is helpful to examine the nature of risk in air travel by following a typical flight to see both the potential dangers in various portions of the flight and how the U.S. air traffic control system operates. From the passengers' perspective, the flight begins with a walk down the jetway to the aircraft. Precautions already have been taken to enhance passenger safety. Passengers and their carry-on luggage have been screened by airport security 8 WHY AIRPLANES CRASH: AVIATION SAFETY IN A CHANGING WORLD in an attempt to detect any weapons, explosives, or other hazardous materials. Checked luggage may have also been examined for explosives. In some cases, passengers may have been checked against profiles thought to reflect the characteristics of terrorists or those likely to be the unwitting carriers of terrorist bombs. On international flights by U.S. carriers, additional steps have been taken to insure that no baggage has been loaded on the plane unless the passenger who checked the baggage actually has boarded the flight.

Further reductions in the threat of hijacking, both in the United States and worldwide, may prove difficult to achieve. First, advances in plastics and composite materials make it increasingly likely that prospective hijackers will be able to obtain weapons that are not easily detected by conventional metal detectors and X-ray equipment. Second, even conventional weapons are not always detected by airport security personnel. In the United States, FA A tests indicate X-ray based screening systems identify Aviation Security 145 test weapons only about 90 percent of the time, albeit an improvement over 1987 when a GAO study found an average detection rate of only 80 percent. For metal detectors, the FAA's regulatory standard requires an alarm two of three times a test weapon is passed through the screening device.

Under current law, X-ray or other screening of mail "sealed against inspection" cannot be undertaken by the airlines without first obtaining a search warrant, except in extraordinary circumstances. Typically, carriers receive mail in bound bags from the Postal Service and simply load it on the aircraft. Pan Am Flight 103 carried 43 bags of mail. A fifth concern is a bomb placed on the aircraft while it is on the ground at the airport. Securing airport and aircraft operating areas is a major problem. Bombs can be placed in the aircraft directly or in baggage or cargo containers by an airline employee, an airport employee, the employee of companies providing such services as catering, or someone masquerading as such an employee. SECURITY Government regulations are the foundation for security policies and procedures, mandating that airports and airlines provide such services.


pages: 649 words: 172,080

Hunting in the Shadows: The Pursuit of Al Qa'ida Since 9/11: The Pursuit of Al Qa'ida Since 9/11 by Seth G. Jones

airport security, battle of ideas, defense in depth, drone strike, Google Earth, index card, Khyber Pass, medical residency, Murray Gell-Mann, RAND corporation, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, trade route, WikiLeaks

On December 24 he boarded Northwest Airlines Flight 253 in Amsterdam, which was scheduled to arrive in Detroit on December 25. The flight carried 279 passengers and 11 crew members.60 Figure 15: Abdulmutallab’s Journey from Yemen to the United States Abdulmutallab’s bomb maker in Yemen, who used the name Ibrahim as-Siri, among other aliases, had an ingenious solution to the problem of airport security. Since the September 11 attacks and the failed 2006 transatlantic airlines plot, airport security had significantly improved. Airports around the world had banned a growing list of items, from box cutters to liquids, aerosols, and gels. In the United States, the Transportation Security Administration established a 3-1-1 rule that permitted each passenger to carry one 3.4 ounce (100 ml) bottle of liquid or less; one quart-sized, clear, ziplock bag; and one carry-on bag to be placed in a screening bin.61 Al Qa’ida’s challenge, then, was to circumvent these improved security measures.

American Concerns By 2006 government officials on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean had become increasingly concerned about a terrorist attack against one or more airplanes in Europe or the United States. The FBI had sent MI5 a 2003 bulletin titled “Possible Hijacking Tactic for Using Aircraft as Weapons,” which warned that suicide terrorists might be plotting to hijack transatlantic aircraft by smuggling explosives past airport security and assembling the bombs on board. It concluded that “components of improvised explosive devices can be smuggled onto an aircraft, concealed in either clothing or personal carry-on items like shampoo and medicine bottles, and assembled on board. In many cases of suspicious passenger activity, incidents have taken place in the aircraft’s forward lavatory.”17 The CIA and other U.S. intelligence agencies helped track the cell’s support network in Pakistan, and the FBI and the Department of Homeland Security focused on links to the United States.

Surveillance teams observed them as they drilled small holes in the bottoms of the energy drink bottles and took turns inserting syringes into the holes, extracting the sugary water, and squirting in a mixture of hydrogen peroxide that Sarwar had concocted. They then injected food coloring into each bottle, restoring the appearance of a sports drink, and filled the hole in the bottom so that the seal on the cap remained unbroken. The homemade bomb was ingenious, though anyone carrying it onto a plane would have to partially assemble it after going through airport security. To set off the bomb, each terrorist was supposed to heat up a low-voltage bulb that was sitting in either HMTD or TATP, using power from a disposable camera. The explosion would then initiate the main charge—the hydrogen peroxide mix—and bring down the airplane. The terrorists also mixed Tang with hydrogen peroxide and other ingredients to color the liquid and create a more powerful explosion.


pages: 249 words: 79,740

The Next Decade: Where We've Been . . . And Where We're Going by George Friedman

airport security, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, British Empire, business cycle, continuation of politics by other means, creative destruction, Deng Xiaoping, facts on the ground, Fall of the Berlin Wall, full employment, hydraulic fracturing, illegal immigration, Monroe Doctrine, Ronald Reagan, South China Sea

Once again, in the face of terror, the president must convince the public that he shares their sentiments while taking actions that appear to satisfy their cravings both for security and for revenge. One such largely symbolic action taken since September 11 has been the attempt to bolster the airport security system. Despite billions of dollars and untold measures of passenger frustration, a terrorist with training can still devise any number of ways to get explosives or other devices through the system. Some terrorists might be deterred, and the system will find others. But while increased airport security can decrease the threat, it cannot stop it. There is simply no security system that is both granular enough to detect terrorists reliably and efficient enough to allow the air transport system to function. El Al, Israel’s airline, is frequently held up as an example, but El Al has thirty-five planes.

It could conduct an intelligence war against al Qaeda, as the Israelis had done with Black September in Europe in the 1970s; but without contributing partners in the region, the U.S. intelligence capability against al Qaeda was extremely constrained. A second option was for the United States to move into a purely defensive mode, relying on Homeland Security while hoping that the Afghan operation had disrupted al Qaeda’s command structure enough to prevent new attacks. Theoretically, the FBI could round up sleeper cells while the borders were protected from infiltration and airports secured against terrorists. Attractive on paper, this plan was impossible in practice. The FBI could never guarantee that there were no more sleeper cells in the country, and points of entry into the United States could never be completely secured. Any illusion of safety this effort gave the American public, and any support it might buy the president for a job well done, would last only until the next terrorist attack, the timing and nature of which were completely unknown.

The Transportation Security Administration says it screened 1.8 million passengers per day on average in 2009. These are staggering numbers. What the limitations of airport screening tell us is that if al Qaeda failed to strike the United States again during the first decade of the twenty-first century, it was not because of security precautions per se. It is even doubtful that the people who design the airport security system expect it to work. Their real objective is to calm the public by ostentatiously demonstrating that steps are being taken. The greater the ostentation and inconvenience, the more comforting the system appears. But the increasing sophistication of explosives makes it possible to kill dozens of people with a device carried by an individual, hundreds of people with a device hidden in a car or truck, and thousands of people with an aircraft that acts as an explosive.


pages: 640 words: 177,786

Against All Enemies by Tom Clancy, Peter Telep

airport security, augmented reality, back-to-the-land, Captain Sullenberger Hudson, illegal immigration, Iridium satellite, low earth orbit, Pepto Bismol, US Airways Flight 1549

That information was then data-mined to connect dots and hunt for names and identities. If that process yielded more results, then the intelligence would be passed on to the Terrorist Screening Center, also in Virginia, for more analysis. Each day more than three hundred names were sent to the center. If, at that point, a suspect’s information caused a “reasonable suspicion,” he might wind up on the FBI’s terrorist watchlist used by airport security personnel to add extra screening for some travelers, but yes, he could still fly. The Taliban had discovered that in order for someone to get on the actual no-fly list, authorities had to have their full names, their ages, and information that they were a threat to aviation or national security. While the Taliban couldn’t confirm it, they’d heard that the final decision for adding a name to the list rested with six administrators from the Transportation Safety Administration (TSA).

He reached an intersection, ducked around the right corner, and an alarm began to blare inside the terminal and voices rattled through loudspeakers. A male French voice finally ordered all passengers to remain at their gates. Ahead lay a bank of glass doors, but beyond was a maintenance area with baggage trucks lined up in neat rows. The sign said something about restricted access. He didn’t care. Outside. He needed to get outside. But then he nearly ran head-on into an airport security officer. He tried to shift around the portly man, but the guy tackled him, and Ahmad dropped to the ground, his hands fumbling for and finding the man’s pistol. He got it, wrenched himself away, and fired two shots into the man’s chest. He sprang to his feet, and people screamed around him and cleared away, the shots still echoing, the Americans behind him hollering—and then a crackling like fireworks … Sharp, stabbing pain woke in his back and drove him down to the tile once more.

Equipping all commercial airliners with military-style countermeasures, such as white-hot flares (chaff) and/or infrared jammers, high-powered lasers to burn out the seeker heads on missiles, or using fighter planes to escort jets in and out of the highest-risk areas, were all extremely cost-prohibitive in view of what government officials called a “lack of actionable intelligence.” The Federal Aviation Administration did state that the government provided some “war risk” insurance to the airlines, but they were unclear if the program accounted for surface-to-air missile strikes. Samad could only chuckle to himself. While five-year-olds were being patted down at airport security checkpoints, nothing—absolutely nothing—was being done to secure planes against such missile strikes. Allahu Akbar! The Israelis had not allowed themselves to be caught in the legal and political quagmire concerning this subject, in part because they knew they would forever have targets on their backs. They had equipped their El Al planes with sophisticated antimissile systems that had already proven themselves in one notable case of a 757-300 managing to evade not one but two missiles.


pages: 310 words: 91,151

Leaving Microsoft to Change the World: An Entrepreneur's Odyssey to Educate the World's Children by John Wood

airport security, British Empire, call centre, clean water, corporate social responsibility, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, fear of failure, glass ceiling, high net worth, income per capita, Jeff Bezos, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Marc Andreessen, microcredit, Own Your Own Home, random walk, rolodex, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Skype, Steve Ballmer

It would have been easy for this group of Chicagoans to justify turning inward and adopting an us-versus-them mentality. They instead displayed resilience and generosity of spirit. These values are so deeply ingrained in the American psyche that no terrorist could ever hope to wipe them out. The positive and proactive forces in this universe will always defeat the dark and nihilistic ones. We simply must create the spaces in which concerned citizens are offered a way to take action. THE ENHANCED AIRPORT SECURITY AFTER SEPTEMBER 11 MADE IT ALL the more difficult to be a road warrior. Two weeks after the Chicago event I was in New York’s JFK Airport feeling bleary-eyed. The airlines were recommending that travelers show up two hours before their scheduled departure. To assure that I could catch my 7:30 a.m. flight, I had been awake since 5 a.m. and at the airport since 5:30. The check-in line moved all too slowly.

With warm regards, Brent He had written Room to Read a check for $1,000. I shook my head in disbelief. My intention in helping Brent was not to gain a funder, but as a result of our chance encounter we had just gained half of what was needed to set up a school library serving several hundred children. If only those kids could know the story of how a random meet-up, combined with heightened airport security, had been turned from a negative into a positive. Brent’s donation, combined with the success of our Chicago event, convinced me that we could continue to grow, even in the post–September 11 era. People seemed more eager than ever to find ways to bring some positive energy back to the world. I was grateful to all the donors who were sending us a signal not to shrink, but to continue to expand our work.

(CML) Colorado Commodore PET computers Computer Room program of Room to Read Cambodia of Room to Read Nepal of Room to Read Vietnam computers for china memory in programming of shortcut keys of Confucius Congressional Committee on Human Rights Continental Bank Dalai Lama data-driven approach Deng Xiaoping Devkota, Kripali Digantar Dim Boramy disasters, human responses to Donohoe, Robin Richards Dostoyevksy, Fyodor dot-com bubble Draper, William H., III Draper Richards Foundation (DRF) drinking water, safe Edelman Edison, Thomas 85 Broads Eisenhower, Mary employee stock ownership plans (ESOP) Erensel, Brent Flynn, John Foege, William France Francis de Sales, Saint Friedman, Thomas fund-raising annual amount of cash flow and challenge grants as form of by children core principles in DRF pledge in enhanced airport security and Global Catalyst Foundation grant in global travelers and maintaining positive reputation in Microsoft grant in multiple donor sources as goal of optimistic emphasis in passionate attitude in post-9/11 rejections in for Room to Grow for Room to Read Sri Lanka for Room to Read Vietnam salesmanship in Sponsored Silence as technique of tax-deductible charity status needed for tenacious employees needed for thinking big in Tibet Fund grant in virtuous circle in volunteer fund-raisers in see also “Adopt a Project” model fund-raising events as “awareness raisers” in Boston in Chicago in Hong Kong in London at Mount Everest in New York City post-9/11 for Room to Grow for Room to Read Cambodia slide shows at in Vancouver fund-raising network city chapters of competitive spirit in international for large-scale philanthropy motivation for involvement in Nepali-Americans in planning of super-empowered individuals in Ganju, Erin Keown, (chief operating officer) Gates, Bill “batboy” of charities of clothing of as data-driven haircut of net worth of personality of Gates, Bill, China visited by Chinese youth and clothing sent ahead in Hong Kong border crossing of Microsoft Venus launch in photo ops in preparations for press conference on schedule of Shui Junyi television interview of Gates, Melinda French JW’s job interview with Gates Foundation Gehrig, Lou girls, long-term scholarships for, see Room to Grow girls’ scholarship program Global Catalyst Foundation Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von Goldman Sachs 85 Broads of Grameen Bank guinea worm, eradication of Habitat for Humanity Haman, Anja Hanson, Janet Harris, Ed Hillary, Sir Edmund Himalayan Primary School Himalayan Trust Hong Kong Hong Kong fund-raising chapter fund-raising event of Hue IBM illiteracy immigrants, U.S.


Frommer's London 2009 by Darwin Porter, Danforth Prince

airport security, British Empire, double helix, East Village, Edmond Halley, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, Isaac Newton, Maui Hawaii, Murano, Venice glass, New Urbanism, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, Sloane Ranger, Stephen Hawking, sustainable-tourism, urban renewal, young professional

will also want proof of your intention to return to your point of origin (usually a round-trip ticket) and of visible means of support while you’re in Britain. If you’re planning to fly from the United States or Canada to the United Kingdom and then on to a country that requires a visa (India, 07_285596-ch03.qxp 7/22/08 5:31 PM Page 37 E N T RY R E Q U I R E M E N T S 37 Cut to the Front of the Airport Security Line as a Registered Traveler In 2003, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA; www.tsa.gov) approved a pilot program to help ease the time spent in line for airport security screenings. In exchange for information and a fee, persons can be pre-screened as registered travelers, granting them a front-of-the-line position when they fly. The program is run through private firms—the largest and most well-known is Steven Brill’s Clear (www.flyclear.com), and it works like this: Travelers complete an online application providing specific points of personal information including name, addresses for the previous 5 years, birth date, social security number, driver’s license number, and a valid credit card (you’re not charged the $99 fee until your application is approved).

Manufactured in the United States of America 5 4 3 2 1 02_285596-ftoc.qxp 7/22/08 5:26 PM Page iii Contents 1 List of Maps vi What’s New in London 1 The Best of London 4 1 The Most Unforgettable Travel Experiences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 2 The Best Splurge Hotels . . . . . . . . . . .6 3 The Best Moderately Priced Hotels . . .7 4 The Most Unforgettable Dining Experiences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 2 London in Depth 1 London Today . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 2 Looking Back at London . . . . . . . . . .12 Dateline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 3 Art & Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 3 Planning Your Trip to London 1 Visitor Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 2 Entry Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 Cut to the Front of the Airport Security Line as a Registered Traveler . . . . . .37 3 When to Go . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 London Calendar of Events . . . . . . . .39 4 Getting There & Getting Around . . . .44 5 Money & Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 The British Pound vs. the U.S. Dollar, the Euro & the Canadian Dollar . . . .56 What Things Cost in London . . . . . .57 6 Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58 7 Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59 5 The Best Museums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 6 The Best Activities for Families . . . . . .9 7 The Best Things to Do for Free (or Almost) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 11 4 London in Popular Culture: Books, Film, TV & Music . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 5 Eating & Drinking in London . . . . . . .31 35 8 Specialized Travel Resources . . . . . . .60 9 Sustainable Tourism . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 It’s Easy Being Green . . . . . . . . . . . .65 10 Packages for the Independent Traveler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66 Frommers.com: The Complete Travel Resource . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67 11 Escorted General-Interest Tours . . . . .67 12 Staying Connected . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68 Online Traveler’s Toolbox . . . . . . . . .70 13 Tips on Accommodations . . . . . . . . .70 14 Tips on Dining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72 02_285596-ftoc.qxp iv 7/22/08 5:26 PM Page iv CONTENTS 4 5 Suggested London Itineraries 73 1 Neighborhoods in Brief . . . . . . . . . . .73 2 The Best of London in 1 Day . . . . . . .88 3 The Best of London in 2 Days . . . . . .90 4 The Best of London in 3 Days . . . . . .92 Where to Stay 1 Best Hotel Bets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98 2 In & Around the City . . . . . . . . . . . .99 3 The West End . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101 Family-Friendly Hotels . . . . . . . . . . .106 4 Westminster & Victoria . . . . . . . . . .115 6 Where to Dine 1 2 3 4 Some Dining Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . .140 Best Dining Bets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141 Restaurants by Cuisine . . . . . . . . . .143 In & Around the City . . . . . . . . . . .146 Family-Friendly Restaurants . . . . . .155 5 The West End . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .156 7 Exploring London 1 Sights & Attractions by Neighborhood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202 2 The Top Attractions . . . . . . . . . . . . .204 Trafalgar: London’s Most Famous Square . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .211 3 More Central London Attractions . . .220 A Neighborhood of One’s Own: The Homes of Virginia Woolf . . . . .236 8 Shopping 1 Shopping London . . . . . . . . . . . . . .265 How to Get Your VAT Refund . . . . .266 2 Central London Shopping . . . . . . . .267 GST: Greenwich Shopping Time . . .268 3 The Department Stores . . . . . . . . . .270 95 5 Hotels from Knightsbridge to South Kensington . . . . . . . . . . . . . .119 6 Hotels from Marylebone to Holland Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .127 7 The South Bank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137 8 Near the Airports . . . . . . . . . . . . . .138 140 6 Westminster & Victoria . . . . . . . . . .176 7 Knightsbridge to South Kensington . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .178 8 Marylebone to Notting Hill Gate . . .188 9 A Bit Farther Afield . . . . . . . . . . . . .196 10 Teatime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197 202 A Money-Saving Pass . . . . . . . . . . .238 4 Exploring London by Boat . . . . . . . .249 Bird’s-”Eye” View of London . . . . .251 5 Attractions on the Outskirts . . . . . .252 6 Especially for Kids . . . . . . . . . . . . . .259 7 Organized Tours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .262 8 Spectator Sports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .263 265 4 Goods A to Z . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .271 Go East, Art Lover . . . . . . . . . . . . .273 The Comeback of Carnaby Street . . .279 5 Street & Flea Markets . . . . . . . . . . .286 02_285596-ftoc.qxp 7/22/08 5:26 PM Page v CONTENTS 9 London After Dark 1 The Play’s the Thing: London’s Theater Scene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .288 New Venues for London Opera Lovers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .290 2 Classical Music, Dance & Opera . . .292 288 3 4 5 6 The Club & Music Scene . . . . . . . . .295 Dance, Disco & Eclectic . . . . . . . . . .297 Bars & Cocktail Lounges . . . . . . . . .303 The Best of London’s Pubs: The World’s Greatest Pub Crawl . . . . . .305 10 Side Trips from London 1 Windsor & Eton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .313 2 Oxford: The City of Dreaming Spires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .319 3 The Pursuit of Science: Cambridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .327 313 4 Shakespeare’s Stratford-upon-Avon . . . . . . . . . . . .335 5 Salisbury & Stonehenge . . . . . . . . .347 Appendix: Fast Facts, Toll-Free Numbers & Websites 1 Fast Facts: London . . . . . . . . . . . . .350 Index General Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .358 Accommodations Index . . . . . . . . .368 v 350 2 Toll-Free Numbers & Websites . . . .354 358 Restaurant Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . .369 Tearooms Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .370 02_285596-ftoc.qxp 7/22/08 5:26 PM Page vi List of Maps Central London Neighborhoods 74 Greater London Area 86 Where to Stay in the West End 102 Where to Stay in Westminster & Victoria 117 Where to Stay from Knightsbridge to South Kensington 120 Where to Stay from Marylebone to Holland Park 128 Where to Stay & Dine In & Around “the City” 147 Where to Dine in the West End & Theatre District 158 Where to Dine in Westminster & Victoria 177 Where to Dine from Knightsbridge to South Kensington 180 Where to Dine from Marylebone to Notting Hill Gate 190 Teatime in London 199 The Top Attractions 206 St.

Or reserve a window seat so you can rest your head and avoid being bumped in the aisle. Get up, walk around, and stretch every 60 to 90 minutes to keep your blood flowing. This helps avoid deep vein thrombosis, or “economy-class syndrome.” Drink water before, during, and after your flight to combat the lack of humidity in airplane cabins. Avoid caffeine and alcohol, which will dehydrate you. GETTING THROUGH THE AIRPORT With the federalization of airport security, security procedures at U.S. airports are more stable and consistent than ever. Generally, you’ll be fine if you arrive at the airport 1 hour before a domestic flight and 2 hours before an international flight; if you show up late, tell an airline 47 employee and he or she will probably whisk you to the front of the line. Bring a current, government-issued photo ID such as a driver’s license or passport.


pages: 249 words: 77,027

Glock: The Rise of America's Gun by Paul M. Barrett

airport security, forensic accounting, hiring and firing, interchangeable parts, offshore financial centre, Pepto Bismol, Ralph Nader, Ronald Reagan, union organizing

Cowritten with his assistant and leg man, Dale Van Atta, the column reported that “Gaddafi is in the process of buying more than 100 plastic handguns that would be difficult for airport security forces to detect.” An unnamed “top” US official told Anderson and Van Atta: “ ‘This is crazy. To let a madman like Gaddafi have access to such a pistol! Once it is in his hands, he’ll give it to terrorists throughout the Middle East.’ ” The official was none other than Noel Koch, the Pentagon’s counterterrorism chief. “The handgun in question is the Glock 17, a 9mm pistol invented and manufactured by Gaston Glock in the village of Deutsch-Wagram, just outside Vienna,” the column continued. “It is accurate, reliable, and made almost entirely of hardened plastic. Only the barrel, slide, and one spring are metal. Dismantled, it is frighteningly easy to smuggle past airport security.” Cloaking Koch’s identity, the column described his experiment at Washington National: “One Pentagon security expert decided to demonstrate just how easy it would be to sneak a Glock 17 aboard an airliner.”

Within months of the original Anderson column in January 1986, questions about the pistol’s unusual design and materials become a major selling point. Civilian orders continued to pour in, as thousands of gun buyers decided to see what all the commotion was about. Karl Walter also tallied more than one thousand requests for free samples from law enforcement agencies in 1986 alone. Some came from small municipal police departments; others, from large state prisons and international airport-security offices. The US Capitol Police obtained a Glock and passed it along to the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center in Glynco, Georgia. Soon Walter was holding seminars with representatives from the Customs Service, the Border Patrol, the Marshals Service, the Bureau of Prisons, and the Drug Enforcement Administration. All of them wanted Glock 17s for closer study and tryouts on the range. Nine out of ten of the recipients eventually sent a check, saying they would like to keep the test guns.


Bringing Down the House: The Inside Story of Six M.I.T. Students Who Took Vegas for Millions by Ben Mezrich

airport security, beat the dealer, Edward Thorp, Silicon Valley, upwardly mobile, white picket fence

Above the stacks of hundred-dollar bills, I felt something shaped like an enormous suppository. Shit. I had forgotten about my cell phone. My fingers shook as I reached into my coat and fumbled for my Nokia. I could feel the woman’s eyes on me. If she asked me to take off my jacket, I was dead. She’d see the bulges and all hell would break loose. I’d spent the past six months researching stories involving attempts at sneaking undeclared fortunes through airport-security checkpoints, and I knew all about customs law. The security agents can detain you for forty-eight hours. They drag you to a windowless room, sometimes handcuff you to a chair. They call in agents from the DEA and the FBI. They confiscate your stake, sometimes without even giving you a receipt. It will take lawyers and letters and appearances in court to get the money back. Maybe six months, maybe a year.

Certainly, they’d finish the look. Then he heard the distinct rip of Velcro, and Martinez’s hands reappeared. Kevin’s heart thumped as he saw the roll of bills. At least four inches thick, twice as large as the roll Martinez had shown him back at their apartment. And again, the visible bills were hundreds. As much as twenty grand taped inside his shirt. Had Martinez worn the money on him the whole trip from Boston? Through airport security, through the metal detector—shit, the kid hadn’t even raised a sweat. By now, Kevin was beginning to realize that Fisher and Martinez were, at the very least, serious gamblers. Was it possible that they had made all their cash playing casino games? He knew there were people who made a living at cards—hell, there’d been movies about it, books, even newspaper articles. But he understood from what he had read that professional gamblers usually just eked out a living, playing carefully for tiny odds.

The logistics of bringing twelve people to Vegas who weren’t supposed to know one another, along with over a million dollars in cash and chips, was a problem challenging enough for any engineering major. As the newest—and largest—member on the team, Andrew Tay became the “donkey boy,” carrying most of the stash taped to his body. In this role, his paranoia came in handy; he carried the bags of money as if they were filled with unstable explosives, and worked his way through airport security with a drug smuggler’s intensity. Fisher took over for Micky from the moment they arrived in Vegas; he gave a shortened version of Micky’s speech, then made out the assignments that he and Martinez had prepared the night before. Kevin stuck with his squad—Tay, Dylan, and Jill—and usually rotated among the Mirage, the Stardust, and the MGM Grand. He knew most of the pit bosses by name and became familiar with a good percentage of the dealers.


pages: 118 words: 37,928

Everything Happens for a Reason: And Other Lies I've Loved by Kate Bowler

airport security, Pepto Bismol

My weekly rituals revolve around Wednesdays, when I fly to Atlanta for chemotherapy. I wake up at 4:00 A.M. and drive to the airport listening to a radio program about the wonders of the periodic table of elements, and I find myself telling Toban later: “Next week it’s boron!” By 6:00 A.M. I have parked, gone through airport security, answered most of my emails, and boarded the plane to Atlanta. The same plane that will bring me back at midnight, always to the soundtrack of people coughing and a nearby baby screaming herself unconscious. There are some interruptions to this ritual. Once I got into a lively discussion with airport security about whether their slogan should be “The customer is always wrong!” Another time a pair of crutches fell from the overhead luggage bin onto my head and, in the dark of the plane, I spent an inappropriately long time trying to figure out if I was bleeding.


pages: 317 words: 84,400

Automate This: How Algorithms Came to Rule Our World by Christopher Steiner

23andMe, Ada Lovelace, airport security, Al Roth, algorithmic trading, backtesting, big-box store, Black-Scholes formula, call centre, cloud computing, collateralized debt obligation, commoditize, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, delta neutral, Donald Trump, Douglas Hofstadter, dumpster diving, Flash crash, G4S, Gödel, Escher, Bach, High speed trading, Howard Rheingold, index fund, Isaac Newton, John Markoff, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, knowledge economy, late fees, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, market bubble, medical residency, money market fund, Myron Scholes, Narrative Science, PageRank, pattern recognition, Paul Graham, Pierre-Simon Laplace, prediction markets, quantitative hedge fund, Renaissance Technologies, ride hailing / ride sharing, risk tolerance, Robert Mercer, Sergey Aleynikov, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, speech recognition, Spread Networks laid a new fibre optics cable between New York and Chicago, transaction costs, upwardly mobile, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, Y Combinator

“Exchange to Rush New Ticker System,” New York Times, August 11, 1929. 7. “High-Speed Stock Tickers to Call for Rise in Rental,” New York Times, March 2, 1930. CHAPTER 5: GAMING THE SYSTEM 1. IBM corporate Web site: http://www.research.ibm.com/deepblue/meet/html/d.3.html. 2. Scott Patterson, The Quants (New York: Crown, 2010). 3. Sean D. Hamill, “Research on Poker a Good Deal for Airport Security,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 2, 2010. 4. Michael Kaplan, “Wall Street Firm Uses Algorithms to Make Sports Betting Like Stock Trading,” Wired, November 1, 2010. 5. Bueno de Mesquita’s Mubarak prediction was fact-checked with multiple sources. The name of the Wall Street firm is not disclosed to honor nondisclosure agreements. 6. IBM chronicles of Deep Blue: http://www.research.ibm.com/deepblue/home/may11/interview_1.html. 7.

., 65 Liber Abaci (The Book of Calculation) (Fibonacci), 56–57 Library of Congress, 193 Lin, Jeremy, 142–43 linguistics, 187 liquidity crisis, potential, 51–52 Lisp, 12, 93, 94 lit fiber, 114, 120 lithium hydroxide, 166 Lithuania, 69 litigation: health insurers and, 181 stock prices and potential, 27 Walgreens and, 156 logic: algorithms and, 71 broken down into mechanical operations, 58–59 logic theory, 73 logic trees, 171 London, 59, 66–67, 68, 121, 198 Los Angeles International Airport, security algorithm at, 135 Los Angeles Lakers, 143 loudness, 93, 106 Lovelace, Ada, 73 Lovell, James, 165–67 Lulea, Sweden, 204 lunar module, 166 lung cancer, 154 McAfee, Andrew P., 217–18 McCartney, Paul, 104, 105, 107 “In My Life” claimed by, 110–11 as math savant, 103 McCready, Mike, 78–83, 85–89 McGuire, Terry, 145, 168–72, 174–76 machine-learning algorithms, 79, 100 Magnetar Capital, 3–4, 10 Mahler, Gustav, 98 Major Market Index, 40, 41 Making of a Fly, The (Lawrence), prices of, 1–2 Malyshev, Mikhail, 190 management consultants, 189 margin, trading with, 51 market cap, price swings and, 49 market makers: bids and offers by, 35–36 Peterffy as, 31, 35–36, 38, 51 market risk, 66 Maroon 5, 85 Marseille, 147, 149 Marshall, Andrew, 140 Martin, George, 108–10 Martin, Max (Martin Sandberg), 88–89 math: behind algorithms, 6, 53 education in, 218–20 mathematicians: algorithms and, 6, 71 online, 53 on Wall Street, 13, 23, 24, 27, 71, 179, 185, 201–3 Mattingly, Ken, 167 MBAs: eLoyalty’s experience with, 187 Peterffy’s refusal to hire, 47 MDCT scans, 154 measurement errors, distribution of, 63 medical algorithms, 54, 146 in diagnosis and testing, 151–56, 216 in organ sharing, 147–51 patient data and home monitoring in, 158–59 physicians’ practice and, 156–62 medical residencies, game theory and matching for, 147 medicine, evidence-based, 156 Mehta, Puneet, 200, 201 melodies, 82, 87, 93 Mercer, Robert, 178–80 Merrill Lynch, 191, 192, 200 Messiah, 68 metal: trading of, 27 volatility of, 22 MGM, 135 Miami University, 91 Michigan, 201 Michigan, University of, 136 Microsoft, 67, 124, 209 microwaves, 124 Midas (algorithm), 134 Miller, Andre, 143 mind-reading bots, 178, 181–83 Minneapolis, Minn., 192–93 minor-league statistics, baseball, 141 MIT, 24, 73, 128, 160, 179, 188, 217 Mocatta & Goldsmid, 20 Mocatta Group, 20, 21–25, 31 model building, predictive, 63 modifiers, 71 Boolean, 72–73 Mojo magazine, 110 Moneyball (Lewis), 141 money markets, 214 money streams, present value of future, 57 Montalenti, Andrew, 200–201 Morgan Stanley, 116, 128, 186, 191, 200–201, 204 mortgage-backed securities, 203 mortgages, 57 defaults on, 65 quantitative, 202 subprime, 65, 202, 216 Mosaic, 116 movies, algorithms and, 75–76 Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 77, 89, 90, 91, 96 MP3 sharing, 83 M Resort Spa, sports betting at, 133–35 Mubarak, Hosni, 140 Muller, Peter, 128 music, 214 algorithms in creation of, 76–77, 89–103 decoding Beatles’, 70, 103–11 disruptors in, 102–3 homogenization or variety in, 88–89 outliers in, 102 predictive algorithms for success of, 77–89 Music X-Ray, 86–87 Musikalisches Würfelspiel, 91 mutual funds, 50 MyCityWay, 200 Najarian, John A., 119 Naples, 121 Napoleon I, emperor of France, 121 Napster, 81 Narrative Science, 218 NASA: Houston mission control of, 166, 175 predictive science at, 61, 164, 165–72, 174–77, 180, 194 Nasdaq, 177 algorithm dominance of, 49 Peterffy and, 11–17, 32, 42, 47–48, 185 terminals of, 14–17, 42 trading method at, 14 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 159 Nationsbank, Chicago Research and Trading Group bought by, 46 NBA, 142–43 Neanderthals, human crossbreeding with, 161 Nebraska, 79–80, 85 Netflix, 112, 207 Netherlands, 121 Netscape, 116, 188 Nevermind, 102 New England Patriots, 134 New Jersey, 115, 116 Newsweek, 126 Newton, Isaac, 57, 58, 59, 64, 65 New York, N.Y., 122, 130, 192, 201–2, 206 communication between markets in Chicago and, 42, 113–18, 123–24 financial markets in, 20, 198 high school matching algorithm in, 147–48 McCready’s move to, 85 Mocatta’s headquarters in, 26 Peterffy’s arrival in, 19 tech startups in, 210 New York Commodities Exchange (NYCE), 26 New Yorker, 156 New York Giants, 134 New York Knicks, 143 New York magazine, 34 New York State, health department of, 160 New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), 3, 38–40, 44–45, 49, 83, 123, 184–85 New York Times, 123, 158 New York University, 37, 132, 136, 201, 202 New Zealand, 77, 100, 191 Nietzsche, Friedrich, 69 Nirvana, 102 Nixon, Richard M., 140, 165 Nobel Prize, 23, 106 North Carolina, 48, 204 Northwestern University, 145, 186 Kellogg School of Management at, 10 Novak, Ben, 77–79, 83, 85, 86 NSA, 137 NuclearPhynance, 124 nuclear power, 139 nuclear weapons, in Iran, 137, 138–39 number theory, 65 numerals: Arabic-Indian, 56 Roman, 56 NYSE composite index, 40, 41 Oakland Athletics, 141 Obama, Barack, 46, 218–19 Occupy Wall Street, 210 O’Connor & Associates, 40, 46 OEX, see S&P 100 index Ohio, 91 oil prices, 54 OkCupid, 144–45 Olivetti home computers, 27 opera, 92, 93, 95 Operation Match, 144 opinions-driven people, 173, 174, 175 OptionMonster, 119 option prices, probability and statistics in, 27 options: Black-Scholes formula and, 23 call, 21–22 commodities, 22 definition of, 21 pricing of, 22 put, 22 options contracts, 30 options trading, 36 algorithms in, 22–23, 24, 114–15 Oregon, University of, 96–97 organ donor networks: algorithms in, 149–51, 152, 214 game theory in, 147–49 oscilloscopes, 32 Outkast, 102 outliers, 63 musical, 102 outputs, algorithmic, 54 Pacific Exchange, 40 Page, Larry, 213 PageRank, 213–14 pairs matching, 148–51 pairs trading, 31 Pakistan, 191 Pandora, 6–7, 83 Papanikolaou, Georgios, 153 Pap tests, 152, 153–54 Parham, Peter, 161 Paris, 56, 59, 121 Paris Stock Exchange, 122 Parse.ly, 201 partial differential equations, 23 Pascal, Blaise, 59, 66–67 pathologists, 153 patient data, real-time, 158–59 patterns, in music, 89, 93, 96 Patterson, Nick, 160–61 PayPal, 188 PCs, Quotron data for, 33, 37, 39 pecking orders, social, 212–14 Pennsylvania, 115, 116 Pennsylvania, University of, 49 pension funds, 202 Pentagon, 168 Perfectmatch.com, 144 Perry, Katy, 89 Persia, 54 Peru, 91 Peterffy, Thomas: ambitions of, 27 on AMEX, 28–38 automated trading by, 41–42, 47–48, 113, 116 background and early career of, 18–20 Correlator algorithm of, 42–45 early handheld computers developed by, 36–39, 41, 44–45 earnings of, 17, 37, 46, 48, 51 fear that algorithms have gone too far by, 51 hackers hired by, 24–27 independence retained by, 46–47 on index funds, 41–46 at Interactive Brokers, 47–48 as market maker, 31, 35–36, 38, 51 at Mocatta, 20–28, 31 Nasdaq and, 11–18, 32, 42, 47–48, 185 new technology innovated by, 15–16 options trading algorithm of, 22–23, 24 as outsider, 31–32 profit guidelines of, 29 as programmer, 12, 15–16, 17, 20–21, 26–27, 38, 48, 62 Quotron hack of, 32–35 stock options algorithm as goal of, 27 Timber Hill trading operation of, see Timber Hill traders eliminated by, 12–18 trading floor methods of, 28–34 trading instincts of, 18, 26 World Trade Center offices of, 11, 39, 42, 43, 44 Petty, Tom, 84 pharmaceutical companies, 146, 155, 186 pharmacists, automation and, 154–56 Philips, 159 philosophy, Leibniz on, 57 phone lines: cross-country, 41 dedicated, 39, 42 phones, cell, 124–25 phosphate levels, 162 Physicians’ Desk Reference (PDR), 146 physicists, 62, 157 algorithms and, 6 on Wall Street, 14, 37, 119, 185, 190, 207 pianos, 108–9 Pincus, Mark, 206 Pisa, 56 pitch, 82, 93, 106 Pittsburgh International Airport, security algorithm at, 136 Pittsburgh Pirates, 141 Pius II, Pope, 69 Plimpton, George, 141–42 pneumonia, 158 poetry, composed by algorithm, 100–101 poker, 127–28 algorithms for, 129–35, 147, 150 Poland, 69, 91 Polyphonic HMI, 77–79, 82–83, 85 predictive algorithms, 54, 61, 62–65 prescriptions, mistakes with, 151, 155–56 present value, of future money streams, 57 pressure, thriving under, 169–70 prime numbers, general distribution pattern of, 65 probability theory, 66–68 in option prices, 27 problem solving, cooperative, 145 Procter & Gamble, 3 programmers: Cope as, 92–93 at eLoyalty, 182–83 Peterffy as, 12, 15–16, 17, 20–21, 26–27, 38, 48, 62 on Wall Street, 13, 14, 24, 46, 47, 53, 188, 191, 203, 207 programming, 188 education for, 218–20 learning, 9–10 simple algorithms in, 54 Progress Energy, 48 Project TACT (Technical Automated Compatibility Testing), 144 proprietary code, 190 proprietary trading, algorithmic, 184 Prussia, 69, 121 PSE, 40 pseudocholinesterase deficiency, 160 psychiatry, 163, 171 psychology, 178 Pu, Yihao, 190 Pulitzer Prize, 97 Purdue University, 170, 172 put options, 22, 43–45 Pythagorean algorithm, 64 quadratic equations, 63, 65 quants (quantitative analysts), 6, 46, 124, 133, 198, 200, 202–3, 204, 205 Leibniz as, 60 Wall Street’s monopoly on, 183, 190, 191, 192 Queen’s College, 72 quizzes, and OkCupid’s algorithms, 145 Quotron machine, 32–35, 37 Rachmaninoff, Sergei, 91, 96 Radiohead, 86 radiologists, 154 radio transmitters, in trading, 39, 41 railroad rights-of-way, 115–17 reactions-based people, 173–74, 195 ReadyForZero, 207 real estate, 192 on Redfin, 207 recruitment, of math and engineering students, 24 Redfin, 192, 206–7, 210 reflections-driven people, 173, 174, 182 refraction, indexes of, 15 regression analysis, 62 Relativity Technologies, 189 Renaissance Technologies, 160, 179–80, 207–8 Medallion Fund of, 207–8 retirement, 50, 214 Reuter, Paul Julius, 122 Rhode Island hold ‘em poker, 131 rhythms, 82, 86, 87, 89 Richmond, Va., 95 Richmond Times-Dispatch, 95 rickets, 162 ride sharing, algorithm for, 130 riffs, 86 Riker, William H., 136 Ritchie, Joe, 40, 46 Rochester, N.Y., 154 Rolling Stones, 86 Rondo, Rajon, 143 Ross, Robert, 143–44 Roth, Al, 147–49 Rothschild, Nathan, 121–22 Royal Society, London, 59 RSB40, 143 runners, 39, 122 Russia, 69, 193 intelligence of, 136 Russian debt default of 1998, 64 Rutgers University, 144 Ryan, Lee, 79 Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences, 69 Sam Goody, 83 Sandberg, Martin (Max Martin), 88–89 Sandholm, Tuomas: organ donor matching algorithm of, 147–51 poker algorithm of, 128–33, 147, 150 S&P 100 index, 40–41 S&P 500 index, 40–41, 51, 114–15, 218 Santa Cruz, Calif., 90, 95, 99 satellites, 60 Savage Beast, 83 Saverin, Eduardo, 199 Scholes, Myron, 23, 62, 105–6 schools, matching algorithm for, 147–48 Schubert, Franz, 98 Schwartz, Pepper, 144 science, education in, 139–40, 218–20 scientists, on Wall Street, 46, 186 Scott, Riley, 9 scripts, algorithms for writing, 76 Seattle, Wash., 192, 207 securities, 113, 114–15 mortgage-backed, 203 options on, 21 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), 185 semiconductors, 60, 186 sentence structure, 62 Sequoia Capital, 158 Seven Bridges of Königsberg, 69, 111 Shannon, Claude, 73–74 Shuruppak, 55 Silicon Valley, 53, 81, 90, 116, 188, 189, 215 hackers in, 8 resurgence of, 198–211, 216 Y Combinator program in, 9, 207 silver, 27 Simons, James, 179–80, 208, 219 Simpson, O.

., 140, 165 Nobel Prize, 23, 106 North Carolina, 48, 204 Northwestern University, 145, 186 Kellogg School of Management at, 10 Novak, Ben, 77–79, 83, 85, 86 NSA, 137 NuclearPhynance, 124 nuclear power, 139 nuclear weapons, in Iran, 137, 138–39 number theory, 65 numerals: Arabic-Indian, 56 Roman, 56 NYSE composite index, 40, 41 Oakland Athletics, 141 Obama, Barack, 46, 218–19 Occupy Wall Street, 210 O’Connor & Associates, 40, 46 OEX, see S&P 100 index Ohio, 91 oil prices, 54 OkCupid, 144–45 Olivetti home computers, 27 opera, 92, 93, 95 Operation Match, 144 opinions-driven people, 173, 174, 175 OptionMonster, 119 option prices, probability and statistics in, 27 options: Black-Scholes formula and, 23 call, 21–22 commodities, 22 definition of, 21 pricing of, 22 put, 22 options contracts, 30 options trading, 36 algorithms in, 22–23, 24, 114–15 Oregon, University of, 96–97 organ donor networks: algorithms in, 149–51, 152, 214 game theory in, 147–49 oscilloscopes, 32 Outkast, 102 outliers, 63 musical, 102 outputs, algorithmic, 54 Pacific Exchange, 40 Page, Larry, 213 PageRank, 213–14 pairs matching, 148–51 pairs trading, 31 Pakistan, 191 Pandora, 6–7, 83 Papanikolaou, Georgios, 153 Pap tests, 152, 153–54 Parham, Peter, 161 Paris, 56, 59, 121 Paris Stock Exchange, 122 Parse.ly, 201 partial differential equations, 23 Pascal, Blaise, 59, 66–67 pathologists, 153 patient data, real-time, 158–59 patterns, in music, 89, 93, 96 Patterson, Nick, 160–61 PayPal, 188 PCs, Quotron data for, 33, 37, 39 pecking orders, social, 212–14 Pennsylvania, 115, 116 Pennsylvania, University of, 49 pension funds, 202 Pentagon, 168 Perfectmatch.com, 144 Perry, Katy, 89 Persia, 54 Peru, 91 Peterffy, Thomas: ambitions of, 27 on AMEX, 28–38 automated trading by, 41–42, 47–48, 113, 116 background and early career of, 18–20 Correlator algorithm of, 42–45 early handheld computers developed by, 36–39, 41, 44–45 earnings of, 17, 37, 46, 48, 51 fear that algorithms have gone too far by, 51 hackers hired by, 24–27 independence retained by, 46–47 on index funds, 41–46 at Interactive Brokers, 47–48 as market maker, 31, 35–36, 38, 51 at Mocatta, 20–28, 31 Nasdaq and, 11–18, 32, 42, 47–48, 185 new technology innovated by, 15–16 options trading algorithm of, 22–23, 24 as outsider, 31–32 profit guidelines of, 29 as programmer, 12, 15–16, 17, 20–21, 26–27, 38, 48, 62 Quotron hack of, 32–35 stock options algorithm as goal of, 27 Timber Hill trading operation of, see Timber Hill traders eliminated by, 12–18 trading floor methods of, 28–34 trading instincts of, 18, 26 World Trade Center offices of, 11, 39, 42, 43, 44 Petty, Tom, 84 pharmaceutical companies, 146, 155, 186 pharmacists, automation and, 154–56 Philips, 159 philosophy, Leibniz on, 57 phone lines: cross-country, 41 dedicated, 39, 42 phones, cell, 124–25 phosphate levels, 162 Physicians’ Desk Reference (PDR), 146 physicists, 62, 157 algorithms and, 6 on Wall Street, 14, 37, 119, 185, 190, 207 pianos, 108–9 Pincus, Mark, 206 Pisa, 56 pitch, 82, 93, 106 Pittsburgh International Airport, security algorithm at, 136 Pittsburgh Pirates, 141 Pius II, Pope, 69 Plimpton, George, 141–42 pneumonia, 158 poetry, composed by algorithm, 100–101 poker, 127–28 algorithms for, 129–35, 147, 150 Poland, 69, 91 Polyphonic HMI, 77–79, 82–83, 85 predictive algorithms, 54, 61, 62–65 prescriptions, mistakes with, 151, 155–56 present value, of future money streams, 57 pressure, thriving under, 169–70 prime numbers, general distribution pattern of, 65 probability theory, 66–68 in option prices, 27 problem solving, cooperative, 145 Procter & Gamble, 3 programmers: Cope as, 92–93 at eLoyalty, 182–83 Peterffy as, 12, 15–16, 17, 20–21, 26–27, 38, 48, 62 on Wall Street, 13, 14, 24, 46, 47, 53, 188, 191, 203, 207 programming, 188 education for, 218–20 learning, 9–10 simple algorithms in, 54 Progress Energy, 48 Project TACT (Technical Automated Compatibility Testing), 144 proprietary code, 190 proprietary trading, algorithmic, 184 Prussia, 69, 121 PSE, 40 pseudocholinesterase deficiency, 160 psychiatry, 163, 171 psychology, 178 Pu, Yihao, 190 Pulitzer Prize, 97 Purdue University, 170, 172 put options, 22, 43–45 Pythagorean algorithm, 64 quadratic equations, 63, 65 quants (quantitative analysts), 6, 46, 124, 133, 198, 200, 202–3, 204, 205 Leibniz as, 60 Wall Street’s monopoly on, 183, 190, 191, 192 Queen’s College, 72 quizzes, and OkCupid’s algorithms, 145 Quotron machine, 32–35, 37 Rachmaninoff, Sergei, 91, 96 Radiohead, 86 radiologists, 154 radio transmitters, in trading, 39, 41 railroad rights-of-way, 115–17 reactions-based people, 173–74, 195 ReadyForZero, 207 real estate, 192 on Redfin, 207 recruitment, of math and engineering students, 24 Redfin, 192, 206–7, 210 reflections-driven people, 173, 174, 182 refraction, indexes of, 15 regression analysis, 62 Relativity Technologies, 189 Renaissance Technologies, 160, 179–80, 207–8 Medallion Fund of, 207–8 retirement, 50, 214 Reuter, Paul Julius, 122 Rhode Island hold ‘em poker, 131 rhythms, 82, 86, 87, 89 Richmond, Va., 95 Richmond Times-Dispatch, 95 rickets, 162 ride sharing, algorithm for, 130 riffs, 86 Riker, William H., 136 Ritchie, Joe, 40, 46 Rochester, N.Y., 154 Rolling Stones, 86 Rondo, Rajon, 143 Ross, Robert, 143–44 Roth, Al, 147–49 Rothschild, Nathan, 121–22 Royal Society, London, 59 RSB40, 143 runners, 39, 122 Russia, 69, 193 intelligence of, 136 Russian debt default of 1998, 64 Rutgers University, 144 Ryan, Lee, 79 Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences, 69 Sam Goody, 83 Sandberg, Martin (Max Martin), 88–89 Sandholm, Tuomas: organ donor matching algorithm of, 147–51 poker algorithm of, 128–33, 147, 150 S&P 100 index, 40–41 S&P 500 index, 40–41, 51, 114–15, 218 Santa Cruz, Calif., 90, 95, 99 satellites, 60 Savage Beast, 83 Saverin, Eduardo, 199 Scholes, Myron, 23, 62, 105–6 schools, matching algorithm for, 147–48 Schubert, Franz, 98 Schwartz, Pepper, 144 science, education in, 139–40, 218–20 scientists, on Wall Street, 46, 186 Scott, Riley, 9 scripts, algorithms for writing, 76 Seattle, Wash., 192, 207 securities, 113, 114–15 mortgage-backed, 203 options on, 21 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), 185 semiconductors, 60, 186 sentence structure, 62 Sequoia Capital, 158 Seven Bridges of Königsberg, 69, 111 Shannon, Claude, 73–74 Shuruppak, 55 Silicon Valley, 53, 81, 90, 116, 188, 189, 215 hackers in, 8 resurgence of, 198–211, 216 Y Combinator program in, 9, 207 silver, 27 Simons, James, 179–80, 208, 219 Simpson, O.


pages: 302 words: 83,116

SuperFreakonomics by Steven D. Levitt, Stephen J. Dubner

agricultural Revolution, airport security, Andrei Shleifer, Atul Gawande, barriers to entry, Bernie Madoff, Boris Johnson, call centre, clean water, cognitive bias, collateralized debt obligation, creative destruction, credit crunch, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, deliberate practice, Did the Death of Australian Inheritance Taxes Affect Deaths, disintermediation, endowment effect, experimental economics, food miles, indoor plumbing, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), John Nash: game theory, Joseph Schumpeter, Joshua Gans and Andrew Leigh, longitudinal study, loss aversion, Louis Pasteur, market design, microcredit, Milgram experiment, oil shale / tar sands, patent troll, presumed consent, price discrimination, principal–agent problem, profit motive, randomized controlled trial, Richard Feynman, Richard Thaler, selection bias, South China Sea, Stanford prison experiment, Stephen Hawking, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, trickle-down economics, ultimatum game, urban planning, William Langewiesche, women in the workforce, young professional

The probability that an average American will die in a given year from a terrorist attack is roughly 1 in 5 million; he is 575 times more likely to commit suicide. Consider the less obvious costs, too, like the loss of time and liberty. Think about the last time you went through an airport security line and were forced to remove your shoes, shuffle through the metal detector in stocking feet, and then hobble about while gathering up your belongings. The beauty of terrorism—if you’re a terrorist—is that you can succeed even by failing. We perform this shoe routine thanks to a bumbling British national named Richard Reid, who, even though he couldn’t ignite his shoe bomb, exacted a huge price. Let’s say it takes an average of one minute to remove and replace your shoes in the airport security line. In the United States alone, this procedure happens roughly 560 million times per year. Five hundred and sixty million minutes equals more than 1,065 years—which, divided by 77.8 years (the average U.S. life expectancy at birth), yields a total of nearly 14 person-lives.

The Washington, D.C., Metropolitan Statistical Area includes the district itself and surrounding counties in Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia. For more on the impact of the Washington sniper attacks, see Jeffrey Schulden et al., “Psychological Responses to the Sniper Attacks: Washington D.C., Area, October 2002,” American Journal of Preventative Medicine 31, no. 4 (October 2006). / 65 Figures for airport security screenings come from the Federal Bureau of Transportation Statistics. / 65 Financial impact of 9/11: see Dick K. Nanto, “9/11 Terrorism: Global Economic Costs,” Congressional Research Service, 2004. / 65–66 Extra driving deaths after 9/11: see Garrick Blalock, Vrinda Kadiyali, and Daniel Simon, “Driving Fatalities after 9/11: A Hidden Cost of Terrorism,” Cornell University Department of Applied Economics and Management working paper, 2005; Gerd Gigerenzer, “Dread Risk, September 11, and Fatal Traffic Accidents,” Psychological Science 15, no. 4 (2004); Michael Sivak and Michael J.


pages: 306 words: 85,836

When to Rob a Bank: ...And 131 More Warped Suggestions and Well-Intended Rants by Steven D. Levitt, Stephen J. Dubner

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbus A320, airport security, augmented reality, barriers to entry, Bernie Madoff, Black Swan, Broken windows theory, Captain Sullenberger Hudson, creative destruction, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, deliberate practice, feminist movement, food miles, George Akerlof, global pandemic, information asymmetry, invisible hand, loss aversion, mental accounting, Netflix Prize, obamacare, oil shale / tar sands, Pareto efficiency, peak oil, pre–internet, price anchoring, price discrimination, principal–agent problem, profit maximization, Richard Thaler, Sam Peltzman, security theater, Ted Kaczynski, the built environment, The Chicago School, the High Line, Thorstein Veblen, transaction costs, US Airways Flight 1549

Making Profits from Incivility on the Roads (SDL) I hardly ever drive anymore since I moved close to where I work. So whenever I do, the incivility on the roads leaps out at me. People do things in cars they would never do in other settings. Honking. Swearing. Cutting to the front of the line. And that is just my sister. The other drivers are far meaner. One obvious reason is that you don’t have to live with the consequences for any length of time. If you cut in line at airport security, you will be in close proximity for quite some time to the people you insulted. With a car, you make a quick getaway. Making that getaway also means you are unlikely to be physically beaten, whereas giving someone the finger as you walk down the sidewalk has no such safety. When I used to commute, there was one particular interchange where incivility ruled. (For those who know Chicago, it is where the Dan Ryan feeds into the Eisenhower.)

I Almost Got Sent to Guantanamo (SDL) I arrived at the West Palm Beach Airport yesterday, trying to make my way back to Chicago, only to see my flight time listed on the departure board as simply DELAYED. They weren’t even pretending it was leaving in the foreseeable future. With a little detective work, I found another flight that could get me home on a different airline. I bought a one-way ticket and headed for airport security. Of course, the last-minute purchase of a one-way ticket sets off the lights and buzzers for the TSA. So I’m pulled out of the line and searched. First the full-body search. Then the luggage. It didn’t occur to me that my latest research was going to get me into trouble. I’ve been thinking a lot about terrorism lately. Among the things I had in my carry-on was a detailed description of the 9/11 terrorists’ activities, replete with pictures of each of the terrorists and information about their background.

Index The pagination of this electronic edition does not match the edition from which it was created. To locate a specific entry, please use your e-book reader’s search tools. abortion, 65–66, 288 Absolute Poker website, 154–58 academia: bribing kids, 337–40 school open house, 219–20 teacher cheating, 103–4, 160–61 tenure, 16–19 Adams, Brandon, 193–94 addictions, rational, 92–94 advice, best, 347–50 African women, survey of, 237 airports, shutting down, 21–23 airport security, 5–6, 11, 108–9, 251–53 Akerlof, George, 162 Allie (high-end call girl), 261–67 altruism, 324–28 Altucher, James, 196–98 anchoring, 309 animated films, voices in, 305–7 animus, discrimination theory, 321–22 anti-fraud measures, 106 aptonyms, 43–47 Armstrong, Lance, 153 Arrow’s Impossibility Theorem, 29 Arum, Bob, 72–73 Asian tsunami, 325–26 assets, non-fungible, 68 athletes: gambling on, 73 income taxes of, 72–74 aviation congestion, 21–23 baby formula, 303–5 backgammon, 195–98 Badenhausen, Kurt, 74 Baltimore Sun, The, 233 bank robberies, 223–26 baseball, steroids, 152–53 baseballs, autographed, 80–81 Becker, Gary, 9–10, 92–94 behavioral economics, 120, 122, 308–9 Belichick, Bill, 149–50, 208–9 Berlin brothel, 173 Bertrand, Marianne, 347 Betjeman, John, 282 Bing, Stanley, 277 bin Laden, Osama, 57–59 bird-watching, 286–87 blackjack, 189–91 bling, 184 blogs, 1–4, 37 as kaleidoscopes, 271 “blood injuries,” 148–49 Bloomberg, Michael, 240 Blount, Roy Jr., 217 Bolt, Usain, 74 books, 14–16 about business, 283–87 bullshit in titles, 276–77, 285 diet, 117 fake memoirs, 146–48 God in titles, 285–87 on iPad, 124–25 bowling, 204–6 Boxer, Barbara, 51 boxing, 72–73 Boxwell Brothers, 46 Braga, Anthony, 246 Bratton, Bill, 163 Broderick, Matthew, 101–2 “broken windows” theory of crime, 163 Brooks, Arthur, 329–31 Brown, Philip H., 326 bullshit, in book titles, 276–77, 285 Bunning, Jim, 58 Burress, Plaxico, 216, 239, 240–41 bus, boarding, 143–46 Bush, George W., 51, 108, 136 Caesars Entertainment, 126–27 Caesar’s Palace, 189–91 “Captain Steve,” 82–86 Carnegie, Andrew, 16 carnivores, 179–84 cars: child safety seats, 103–6 conspicuous consumption, 184–85 incivility in driving, 161–64 prices of, 54–57 Carson, Rachel, 181 Case, Justin, 46 Castro, Jesus “Manny” Jr., 248–49 chain letters, 141–42 Champagne, Dom Perignon, 40 charitable giving: disasters, 324–28 street handouts, 328–37 cheating: to be hot, 135–37 and “blood injuries,” 148–49 fake memoirs, 146–48 how not to cheat, 153–55 as human nature, 135 Mumbai train system, 140–41 at poker, 153–58 in self-reporting, 137–40 in sports, 148–50 on taxes, 11–14, 72–74, 122, 158–60 by teachers, 103–4, 160–61 chess, 196–98 Chicago Tribune, poll, 279 chicken, rancid, 307–11 chicken wings, prices of, 75–77 child abduction, 133 children, bribing, 337–40 child safety seats, 103–6 China: crime in, 226–28 earthquake in, 324–28 infant formula in, 303–5 Clemens, Roger, 149, 150 climate change, 179–84 Clinton, Hillary, 51 Coca-Cola, formula of, 59–60 Cohn, Alain, 228–29 Coinstar, 64 Collins, Jim, 283–84 Congress, U.S.: and bin Laden bounty, 57–59 and IRS, 12–14 tax code written by, 158–60 conspicuous consumption, 184–85 contests, 91 addictions, 92–94 motto for U.S., 96–99 rigged, 136 Twitter, 94–96 Cook, Phil, 246 Cope, Myron, 215, 216 corporate sponsorships, 81 cover-ups, 121, 157 Cowen, Tyler, 329, 331–33 Cowher, Bill, 218 Craig, Larry, 45 crime: and abortion, 288 bank robberies, 223–26 “broken windows” theory of, 163 burglary, 242 child abduction, 133 in China, 226–28 gun deaths, 245–51 and gun laws, 243–45 intruders, 241–43 priming criminals, 228–29 prison sentences, 128, 224, 242, 245, 248, 260 street gangs, 229–36, 246–47, 248–49 and The Wire, 229–33 volatile rates of, 244 Cuban, Mark, 329, 333 cyclists, Tour de France, 151–53 Cyrus, Miley, 306 Daily Show, The, 273–74 Dal Bó, Ernesto, 33–34 Daly, John, 277 dangerous activities: horseback riding, 101–3 obesity as result of, 116–19 walking drunk, 101 Daschle, Tom, 158, 160 Dawkins, Richard, 286 decision making, 120–21, 208–9 democracy, alternative to, 29–31 Dennett, Daniel, 286 dental wisdom, 275–76 diapers, cloth vs. disposable, 167 diminishing marginal returns, 203 disasters, and charitable giving, 324–28 discrimination, statistical, 321–22 divorce, statistics on, 345 Dohmen, Thomas, 212 Doleac, Jennifer, 320–21 Donohue, John, 288 doomsday prophets, 109–10 doping, in Tour de France, 151–53 driving: and the environment, 166–67 incivility in, 161–64 drugs, prescription, prices of, 51–54 Duke, Annie, 188 Duncan, Arne, 103–4 Duskiewicz, Bernie, 348–49 ecological invalidity, 335 economics: behavioral, 120, 122, 206, 308–9 invisible hand in, 315 morality vs., 288 visible hand in, 319–22 writing about, 287–88 Edlin, Aaron, 88 Ehrenreich, Barbara, 329, 333–34 Ehrlich, Paul, 109, 114 Eikenberry (funeral director), 46 Endangered Species Act, 165–66 Engelberger, Perfect, 40 environment: cloth vs. disposable diapers, 167 and conspicuous consumption, 184–85 and driving, 166–67 eating meat, 179–84 Endangered Species Act, 165–66 global warming, 87–89, 179–84 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, 171–72, 177, 180 locavores, 168–72 and packaging, 175–78 paper vs. plastic bags, 167 petroleum extraction, 109–16 Prius “green halo,” 185 and profitability, 172–74 saving the rain forest, 174–75 veganism, 179–84 Ericsson, Anders, 199, 201 escort (high-end call girl), 261–67 evaluation function (EV), 197 experts, ten thousand hours of practice, 199, 201–2 Fanning, Dakota, 305 fear of strangers, 130–33 Feinstein, Dianne, 53 Feldman, Paul, 69 feminist movement, 346–47 Ferraz, Claudio, 33 films, animated, 305–7 Finan, Frederico, 33 first-grade data hound, 219–20 fishing, 348–49 flight attendants, 19–20 food: chicken wings, 75–77 decayed, 177 deliciousness of, 170 kiwifruits, 77–80 locavores, 168–72 nutritional value of, 170 and obesity, 116–18 packaging of, 175–78 poor service, 272–73 rancid chicken, 307–11 shrimp, 341–44 transportation inefficiencies of, 170–72 wasting, 177–78 football: Immaculate Reception, 216 loss aversion, 206–9 Pittsburgh Steelers, 212–19 rookie symposium, 239–41 Fox, Kevin, 253 Frakes, Michael, 117 Frankfurt, Harry, 276 Freakonomics (Levitt & Dubner), 1–2, 37, 40, 54, 69, 101, 105, 135, 160, 223, 253–4, 261, 274, 277, 280, 297–98, 305, 322, 351 Freakonomics.com, 1–4, 8, 233 Freakonomics radio, 268–69 Frederick, Shane, 341–43 Freed, Pam, 342 Friedman, Milton, 23 Frost, Robert, 218 Fryar, Irving, 239–40 Fryer, Roland, 228, 288, 328–29, 337, 339 Fuller, Thomas, 194–95 Gacy, John Wayne Jr., 39 Gagné, Éric, 149 gambling: on athletes, 73 backgammon, 195–98 blackjack, 189–91 on horse racing, 191, 220–22 how not to cheat, 153–55 Internet poker, 127–30, 157 on newspaper circulation, 233 one card away from final table, 192–95 Rochambeau (Rock, Paper, Scissors), 188–89 on teams, 125–26 unbreakable record, 192 World Series of Poker, 187–88, 192–95 GAME (Gang Awareness Through Mentoring and Education), 248–49 gas, moratorium on, 311–14 gas prices, 86–90 Gates, Bill, 16 Geiger, Bernice, 224 Geithner, Tim, 158 gender identity, 228 Gladstone, Bernard, 258, 259 global warming, 88–89, 179–84 Gly-Oxide, 275–76 God, in book titles, 285–87 Goeree, Jacob, 31 Goldstein, Dan, 335 golf, 198–206 Goodall, Chris, 167 Good to Great (Collins), 283–84, 285 Goolsbee, Austan, 160 Gordon, Phil, 187–89, 192, 193 Goss, Pat, 200–201 government: and gambling income, 129 paying politicians, 32–36 voting mechanisms, 29–31 Greatest Good, 28, 300–301 Greene, Mean Joe, 216 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, 171–72, 177 Grossman, Michael, 116 Gruber, Jonathan, 117 Grzelak, Mandi, 268–69 guns: anonymous tips about, 247 athletes carrying concealed weapons, 240–41 concealed weapons laws, 242 D.C. ban on, 243–45 deaths from, 245–51 illegal use of, 245 ownership of, 245 shooting intruders with, 241–43 Hagen, Ryan, 314–19 happiness, 122–23, 344–47 Harold’s Chicken Shack, 75–77 Harris, Franco, 216 Hatcher, Teri, 305 hate mail, cost of, 49–51 health care: British National Health Service, 26–29 decisions in, 122 Hemenway, David, 249–50 Henderson, Kaya, 160 herd mentality, 143–46 Hitchens, Christopher, 286 hoaxes, 282–83 Holmes, Santonio, 214–16 home, building your own, 170 home field advantage, 209–12 homelessness, 330–31 horseback riding, 101–3 horse racing, 220–22 housing prices, 67–69 Hurricane Katrina, 42–43, 325–28 Hussein, Saddam, 58 identity, concept of, 162–63 Immaculate Reception, 216 impure altruism, 328 incentives, 17, 32–36, 65, 95–96, 110, 113, 122, 136, 166, 337–40 inefficiencies, transportation, 170–72 INS (Immigration and Naturalization Service), Form N-400, 237–38 In Search of Excellence (Peters and Waterman), 284 Internet poker, 127–30, 157 iPad, 124–25 Irfan, Atif, 130–32 irrational decisions, 120–21 IRS, 11–14, 159–60, 257 Jackson, Vincent, 215 Jacob, Brian, 160 Jagger, Mick, 74 Jarden Zinc, 63 J.F.K. airport, 21–22 Jines, Linda Levitt: brother’s eulogy for, 297–301 father’s interventions, 289–97 and Freakonomics, 277, 297–98 Jingjing Zhang, 31 Johnson, Larry, 207 Johnston, David Cay, 11–12 Kaczynski, Ted (Unabomber), 287 Kahneman, Daniel, 3, 119–24, 206 Katrina (popular name), 42–43 Kennedy, Bobby, 279 Kentucky Derby, 220–22 Keyes, Alan, 279 KFC, 272–73 Killefer, Nancy, 158 kiwifruits, 77–80 Kormendy, Amy, 169 Kranton, Rachel, 162 Kulkarni, Ganesh, 140–41 Laffer curve, 72 LaGuardia Airport, 21–23 LaHood, Ray, 21, 103–6 Lake George, boat accident on, 118–19 Lancaster, Barbara, 219 Landsburg, Steven, 259 Lane, Mary MacPherson, 173 Las Vegas: blackjack, 189–91 poker, 127–30, 153–58, 187–89, 192–95 risk aversion in, 126–27 Lee, Jennifer 8., 41 Lee Hsien Loong, 32 Leeson, Peter, 314–19 Levitt, Michael, “When a Daughter Dies,” 289–97 libraries, public, 14–16 lies of reputation, 137–40 Limberhand (masturbator), 45–46 List, John, 125, 165, 228, 327–28, 338 lobbyists, 62–63 locavores, 168–72 loss aversion, 206–9 Loveman, Gary, 127 ludicity (ludic fallacy), 335 Ludwig, Jens, 246–48 Maass, Peter, 109, 114 Madoff, Bernie, 133 Malthus, Rev.


Bit by Bit: How P2P Is Freeing the World by Jeffrey Tucker

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, airport security, altcoin, bank run, bitcoin, blockchain, business cycle, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, disintermediation, distributed ledger, Fractional reserve banking, George Gilder, Google Hangouts, informal economy, invisible hand, Kickstarter, litecoin, Lyft, obamacare, Occupy movement, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer lending, QR code, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ross Ulbricht, Satoshi Nakamoto, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, TaskRabbit, the payments system, uber lyft

It is not enough to understand what is wrong with the world, though that is an essential step. What awaits is a new awareness, one that reclaims the old liberal insight, that society can manage itself without a monopolist of power and coercion. Generations ago, people misidentified violence as a source of love; it is up to this generation to correct the error and embrace the real thing. What do standing in line at the post office and doing the same at the airport security have in common? Both are rare times when average citizens are forced to deal with government directly. Admit it: we all hate it. But why do we put up with it? Service according to the State: It means unpredictable wait times. You aren’t really a customer; you are a bother—at best. Objecting to any aspect of the service is mostly pointless. Step out of line and you have predictable results.

This is what annoys me so much about people who put down commercial life, treating it as if it is some kind of hidden despotism or tyranny. And plenty of people do say this. They don’t inhabit the same world as I do. For when I look around, I see the opposite. In every sector, commerce is the thing that brings beauty, ebullience, liberation, and true community—indeed happiness itself! It is the State that drains us of all those things. The most terrifying dystopia is already here. It is airport security, in which bureaucrats manage our comings and goings and stuff us into a system that is ruled entirely by edicts, and we are 77 robbed completely of our agency and volition. Our job is only to obey. Our personalities, preferences, and ideals must all disappear. But our utopia is also already here. It is the social setting of free human association, discovery, service, and individual initiative that leads to the beautiful anarchy of production, progress, and inner happiness.


Frommer's Denver, Boulder & Colorado Springs by Eric Peterson

airport security, Columbine, glass ceiling, life extension, Maui Hawaii, Ronald Reagan, Skype, sustainable-tourism, transcontinental railway, upwardly mobile, young professional

Manufactured in the United States of America 5 4 3 2 01_382288-ffirs.indd ii 1 12/19/08 11:37:48 PM CONTENTS LIST OF MAPS vi WHAT’S NEW IN DENVER, BOULDER & COLORADO SPRINGS 1 1 THE BEST OF DENVER, BOULDER & COLORADO SPRINGS 1 Frommer’s Favorite Denver, Boulder & Colorado Springs Experiences. . . .3 2 Best Hotel Bets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 3 Best Dining Bets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 2 DENVER, BOULDER & COLORADO SPRINGS IN DEPTH 1 Denver, Boulder & Colorado Springs Today. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 2 Looking Back at Denver, Boulder & Colorado Springs. . . . . . .12 Dateline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 02_382288-ftoc.indd iii 11 3 The Lay of the Land . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 4 Denver, Boulder & Colorado Springs in Popular Culture: Books, Film, TV, Music . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 5 Eating & Drinking in Denver, Boulder & Colorado Springs. . . . . . .20 3 PLANNING YOUR TRIP TO DENVER, BOULDER & COLORADO SPRINGS 1 Visitor Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 2 Entry Requirements & Customs . . . .21 Destination: Denver, Boulder, Colorado Springs—Predeparture Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Cut to the Front of the Airport Security Line as a Registered Traveler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 3 When to Go. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 Calendar of Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 4 Getting There & Getting Around . . . .29 3 21 5 6 7 8 9 Money & Costs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 Specialized Travel Resources . . . . . .36 Sustainable Tourism. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 It’s Easy Being Green . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Frommers.com: The Complete Travel Resource . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 10 Packages for the Independent Traveler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 12/19/08 11:38:19 PM CO N T E N T S D E N V E R , B O U L D E R & C O LO R A D O S P R I N G S iv 11 Escorted General-Interest Tours . . . .41 12 Special-Interest Trips . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 13 Staying Connected. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 Online Traveler’s Toolbox. . . . . . . . . . . . 42 14 Tips on Accommodations . . . . . . . . .43 4 SUGGESTED ITINERARIES IN DENVER, BOULDER & COLORADO SPRINGS 1 Denver, Boulder & Colorado Springs in 1 Week. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 2 Denver, Boulder & Colorado Springs in 2 Weeks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 3 Denver, Boulder & Colorado Springs for Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 4 A Beer-Lover’s Trip to Colorado’s FrontRange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 5 SETTLING INTO DENVER 1 Orientation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49 Neighborhoods in Brief. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 2 Getting Around . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 Fast Facts: Denver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 3 Where to Stay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58 49 Family-Friendly Hotels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 4 Where to Dine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68 Family-Friendly Restaurants. . . . . . . . . 69 A Good City for Green Chile Fiends . . . 76 6 WHAT TO SEE & DO IN DENVER 1 The Top Attractions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79 Robbery at the Mint. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 2 More Attractions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84 3 Amusement Parks & Places Especially for Kids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90 The Big Blue Bear. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Walking Tour: Downtown Denver. . . 92 4 Organized Tours. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94 7 BOULDER 1 Orientation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 2 Getting Around . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 Fast Facts: Boulder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125 3 Where to Stay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 Family-Friendly Hotels. . . . . . . . . . . . . .131 4 Where to Dine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 Family-Friendly Restaurants. . . . . . . .135 5 Attractions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 02_382288-ftoc.indd iv 45 79 5 6 7 8 Outdoor Activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96 Spectator Sports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Shopping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Denver After Dark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Brewery Tours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110 9 A Side Trip to Colorado’s Gold Circle Towns. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 122 6 Sports & Outdoor Activities . . . . . 145 7 Shopping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 8 Boulder After Dark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 Lyons: On the Beaten Path . . . . . . . . .153 9 A Side Trip to Rocky Mountain National Park. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 One Gutsy Lady!.

Lighten Up Denver has more days of sunshine each year than San Diego or Miami Beach. 07_382288-ch03.indd 23 12/19/08 11:40:11 PM 24 P L A N N I N G YO U R T R I P Cut to the F ront of the A irport Security Line as a Registered Traveler ENTRY REQUIREMENTS & CUSTOMS 3 In 2003, the Transportation S ecurity A dministration (TSA; www.tsa.gov) approved a pilot program to help ease the time spent in line for airport security screenings. In exchange for information and a fee, persons can be pre-screened as registered travelers, granting them a front-of-the-line position when they fly. The program is run through private firms—the largest and most well-known is Steven Brill’s Clear (www.flyclear.com), and it works like this: travelers complete an online application providing specific points of personal information including name, addresses for the previous 5 years, birth date, social security number, driver’s license number, and a valid credit card (you’re not charged the $99 fee until your application is approved).

Symptoms include fever, headache, and body aches. WHAT TO DO IF YOU GET SICK AWAY FROM HOME 3 SAFETY We list hospitals and emergency numbers in the “Fast Facts” section of the appendix. If you suffer from a chronic illness, consult your doctor before your departure. Pack prescription medications in your carry-on luggage, and carry them in their original containers, with pharmacy labels— otherwise they won’t make it through airport security. Visitors from outside the U.S. should carry generic names of prescription drugs. For U.S. travelers, most reliable health-care plans provide coverage if you get sick away from home. Foreign visitors may have to pay all medical costs up front and be reimbursed later. P L A N N I N G YO U R T R I P for their first few days in the mountains, cutting down on cigarettes and alcohol, and avoiding sleeping pills and other drugs.


pages: 503 words: 131,064

Liars and Outliers: How Security Holds Society Together by Bruce Schneier

airport security, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, Bernie Sanders, Brian Krebs, Broken windows theory, carried interest, Cass Sunstein, Chelsea Manning, commoditize, corporate governance, crack epidemic, credit crunch, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, David Graeber, desegregation, don't be evil, Double Irish / Dutch Sandwich, Douglas Hofstadter, experimental economics, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial deregulation, George Akerlof, hydraulic fracturing, impulse control, income inequality, invention of agriculture, invention of gunpowder, iterative process, Jean Tirole, John Nash: game theory, joint-stock company, Julian Assange, longitudinal study, mass incarceration, meta analysis, meta-analysis, microcredit, moral hazard, mutually assured destruction, Nate Silver, Network effects, Nick Leeson, offshore financial centre, patent troll, phenotype, pre–internet, principal–agent problem, prisoner's dilemma, profit maximization, profit motive, race to the bottom, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, rent-seeking, RFID, Richard Thaler, risk tolerance, Ronald Coase, security theater, shareholder value, slashdot, statistical model, Steven Pinker, Stuxnet, technological singularity, The Market for Lemons, The Nature of the Firm, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, The Wisdom of Crowds, theory of mind, too big to fail, traffic fines, transaction costs, ultimatum game, UNCLOS, union organizing, Vernor Vinge, WikiLeaks, World Values Survey, Y2K, zero-sum game

Fraud detection would be unnecessary: the parts of our welfare and healthcare system that make sure people fairly benefit from those services and don't abuse them; and all of the anti-shoplifting systems in retail stores. Entire industries would be unnecessary, like private security guards, security cameras, locksmithing, burglar alarms, automobile anti-theft, computer security, corporate security, airport security, and so on. And those are just the obvious ones; financial auditing, document authentication, and many other things would also be unnecessary. Not being angels is expensive. We don't pay a lot of these costs directly. The vast majority of them are hidden in the price of the things we buy. Groceries cost more because some people shoplift. Plane tickets cost more because some people try to blow planes up.

., and it could do anything—anything—it wanted to in that name. After the September 11 attacks, people became much more scared of airplane terrorism. The data didn't back up their increased fears—airplane terrorism was actually a much larger risk in the 1980s—but 9/11 was a huge emotional event and it really knocked people's feeling of security out of whack. So society, in the form of the government, tried to improve airport security. George W. Bush signed the Aviation and Transportation Security Act on November 19, 2001, creating the Transportation Security Administration. Societal Dilemma: Airplane terrorism. Society: Society as a whole. Group interest: Safe air travel. Competing interest: Blowing up airplanes is believed to be an effective way to make a political point or advance a political agenda.3 Group norm: Not to blow up airplanes.

These institutions have been delegated responsibility for implementing institutional pressure on behalf of society as a whole, but because their interests are different, they end up implementing security at a greater or lesser level than society would have. Exaggerating the threat, and oversecuring—or at least overspending—as a result of that exaggeration, is by far the most common outcome. The TSA, for instance, would never suggest returning airport security to pre-9/11 levels and giving the rest of its budget back so it could be spent on broader anti-terrorism measures that might make more sense, such as intelligence, investigation, and emergency response. It's a solution that goes against the interests of the TSA as an institution. This dynamic is hardly limited to government institutions. For example, corporate security officers exhibit the same behavior.


pages: 190 words: 53,970

Eastern standard tribe by Cory Doctorow

airport security, call centre, forensic accounting, high net worth, moral panic, offshore financial centre, old-boy network, pirate software, Silicon Valley, the payments system

I'll tell you the rest, maybe, someday. Not today, though. I gotta go to London. Art's vision throbbed with his pulse as he jammed his clothes back into his backpack with one hand while he booked a ticket to London on his comm with the other. Sweat beaded on his forehead as he ordered the taxi while scribbling a note to Gran on the smart-surface of her fridge. He was verging on berserk by the time he hit airport security. The guard played the ultrasound flashlight over him and looked him up and down with his goggles, then had him walk through the chromatograph twice. Art tried to breathe calmly, but it wasn't happening. He'd take two deep breaths, think about how he was yup, calming down, pretty good, especially since he was going to London to confront Fede about the fact that his friend had screwed him stabbed him in the back using his girlfriend to distract him and meanwhile she was in Los Angeles sleeping with her fucking ex who was going to steal his idea and sell it as his own that fucking prick boning his girl right then almost certainly laughing about poor old Art, dumbfuck stuck in Toronto with his thumb up his ass, oh Fede was going to pay, that's right, he was -- and then he'd be huffing down his nose, hyperventilating, really losing his shit right there.

Art took one step towards the baggage carousel when the words registered. Customs search! Godfuckingdammit! He jittered in the private interview room until another Customs officer showed up, overrode his comm and read in his ID and credentials, then stared at them for a long moment. "Are you quite all right, sir?" "Just a little wound up," Art said, trying desperately to sound normal. He thought about telling the dead friend story again, but unlike a lowly airport security drone, the Customs man had the ability and inclination to actually verify it. "Too much coffee on the plane. Need to have a slash like you wouldn't believe." The Customs man grimaced slightly, then chewed a corner of his little moustache. "Everything else is all right, though?" "Everything's fine. Back from a business trip to the States and Canada, all jetlagged. You know. Can you believe the bastards actually expect me at the office today?"


pages: 184 words: 53,625

Future Perfect: The Case for Progress in a Networked Age by Steven Johnson

Airbus A320, airport security, algorithmic trading, banking crisis, barriers to entry, Bernie Sanders, call centre, Captain Sullenberger Hudson, Cass Sunstein, Charles Lindbergh, cognitive dissonance, credit crunch, crowdsourcing, dark matter, Dava Sobel, David Brooks, Donald Davies, future of journalism, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, HyperCard, Jane Jacobs, John Gruber, John Harrison: Longitude, Joi Ito, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, lone genius, Mark Zuckerberg, mega-rich, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Naomi Klein, Nate Silver, Occupy movement, packet switching, peer-to-peer, Peter Thiel, planetary scale, pre–internet, RAND corporation, risk tolerance, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, social graph, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, Stewart Brand, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Tim Cook: Apple, urban planning, US Airways Flight 1549, WikiLeaks, William Langewiesche, working poor, X Prize, your tax dollars at work

Consider the most literal instance of non-acceleration: We are no longer moving faster. The centuries-long acceleration of travel speeds—from ever-faster sailing ships in the 16th through 18th centuries, to the advent of ever-faster railroads in the 19th century, and ever-faster cars and airplanes in the 20th century—reversed with the decommissioning of the Concorde in 2003, to say nothing of the nightmarish delays caused by strikingly low-tech post-9/11 airport-security systems. Today’s advocates of space jets, lunar vacations, and the manned exploration of the solar system appear to hail from another planet. A faded 1964 Popular Science cover story—“Who’ll Fly You at 2,000 m.p.h.?”—barely recalls the dreams of a bygone age. But raw airspeed is only one unit by which we can measure our transportation progress. It happens to be the sexiest metric, the one that gets the headlines when the first commercial jets hit the skies, or the Concorde breaks the sound barrier.

Today, you can easily find a flight for the same itinerary for $500, and watch live satellite television or check your e-mail as you fly. Yes, Thiel is right that the planes themselves can’t fly any faster than they did forty years ago, and so by that metric, progress has in fact stalled. (Or gone backward, if you count the Concorde.) But just about every other crucial metric (other than the joys of going through airport security) points in the other direction. That extraordinary record of progress did not come from a breakthrough device or a visionary inventor; it did not take the form of a great leap forward. Instead, the changes came from decades of small decisions, made by thousands of individuals and organizations, some of them public-sector and some of them private, each tinkering with the system in tactical ways: exploring new routes, experimenting with new pricing structures, throwing chicken carcasses into spinning jet engines.


pages: 533

Future Politics: Living Together in a World Transformed by Tech by Jamie Susskind

3D printing, additive manufacturing, affirmative action, agricultural Revolution, Airbnb, airport security, Andrew Keen, artificial general intelligence, augmented reality, automated trading system, autonomous vehicles, basic income, Bertrand Russell: In Praise of Idleness, bitcoin, blockchain, brain emulation, British Empire, business process, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, cashless society, Cass Sunstein, cellular automata, cloud computing, computer age, computer vision, continuation of politics by other means, correlation does not imply causation, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, digital map, distributed ledger, Donald Trump, easy for humans, difficult for computers, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Erik Brynjolfsson, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, Filter Bubble, future of work, Google bus, Google X / Alphabet X, Googley, industrial robot, informal economy, intangible asset, Internet of things, invention of the printing press, invention of writing, Isaac Newton, Jaron Lanier, John Markoff, Joseph Schumpeter, Kevin Kelly, knowledge economy, lifelogging, Metcalfe’s law, mittelstand, more computing power than Apollo, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, natural language processing, Network effects, new economy, night-watchman state, Oculus Rift, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, pattern recognition, payday loans, price discrimination, price mechanism, RAND corporation, ransomware, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Stallman, ride hailing / ride sharing, road to serfdom, Robert Mercer, Satoshi Nakamoto, Second Machine Age, selection bias, self-driving car, sexual politics, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, smart cities, Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia, smart contracts, Snapchat, speech recognition, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, technological singularity, the built environment, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas L Friedman, universal basic income, urban planning, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, working-age population

If this robot relied on more advanced artificial intelligence . . . there might be increased interest from the public in emancipating this robot . . . from centralized control . . . Personal assistant droids aside, there are other technologies whose purpose might best be served by functional autonomy. It’s not hard, for instance, to imagine a fleet of small autonomous agricultural robots whose purpose is to pollinate or treat plants in a delicate area of rainforest. More radically, consider Wendell Wallach’s example of an airport security system that is (a) self-directing, in that it is capable of identifying suspicious individuals or known terrorists without human assistance, (b) self-sufficient, in that it does not rely on active intervention by humans to stay online, and (c) functionally independent, so it cannot be subjected easily to human override. Such a system might automatically lock down a terminal when it detects dangerous activity—without further human intervention OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 26/05/18, SPi РЕЛИЗ ПОДГОТОВИЛА ГРУППА "What's News" VK.COM/WSNWS Force 121 that could cause fatal delay.52 In the long run, the digital lifeworld may become home to a wide variety of autonomous systems like these.

Elizabeth Anderson, Private Government: How Employers Rule Our Lives (and Why We Don’t Talk About It) (Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2017), 55. 48. Wallach and Allen, Moral Machines, 26–7. 49. De Filippi and Wright, Blockchain and the Law, ch. 10. 50. De Filippi and Wright, Blockchain and the Law, ch. 1. 51. De Filippi and Wright, Blockchain and the Law, ch. 10. 52. The example of an airport security system is from Wallach and Allen, Moral Machines, 15. Chapter 7 1. Michel Foucault, Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972–1977 (New York:Vintage Books, 1980), 152. OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 30/05/18, SPi РЕЛИЗ ПОДГОТОВИЛА ГРУППА "What's News" VK.COM/WSNWS Notes 395 2. John Milton, Paradise Lost (London: Penguin, 2003) Book IX, 203–04. 3. On chilling effects, see Jon Penney,‘Internet Surveillance, Regulation, and Chilling Effects Online: A Comparative Case Study’, Internet Policy Review 6, no. 2 (2017): 1–38. 4.

OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 28/05/18, SPi РЕЛИЗ ПОДГОТОВИЛА ГРУППА "What's News" VK.COM/WSNWS OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 28/05/18, SPi РЕЛИЗ ПОДГОТОВИЛА ГРУППА "What's News" VK.COM/WSNWS IN DE X 3D printing 56–7, 178, 329 4D printing 57 Ackerman, Spencer 396 acquisitions by tech firms 318–19 action, freedom of 164–5, 166–7, 184 digital liberation 169 predictive systems 176 adaptive law 107–10 additive manufacturing (3D printing) 56–7, 178, 329 Affectiva.com 382 affective computing 52–3, 229 affirmative action 261, 268, 292 affordances 169–71 Afghanistan 50 Agoravoting.com 415 Agüera y Arcas, Blaise 172, 403 AI see Artificial Intelligence Airbnb Decentralised Autonomous Organisations 47 guest acceptance/rejection 290 individual responsibility 346 reputation system 289–90 sharing economy 335, 336 Taiwan 234 airport security systems 120–1, 186 Ajunwa, Ifeoma 418 Aletras, Nicolaos 372, 393 algorithmic audit 355–6 algorithmic injustice 279–94 data-based 282 discrimination 281–2 neutrality fallacy 288–92 rough and ready test 280–1 rule-based 283–8 well-coded society 292–4 algorithms 266 and code 94–5 and distribution 266–70, 278 and information 268–9 and participation 268 and price 269–70 of recognition 260, 275–8 scrutiny 132–3 Al-Khwār izmī, Abd’Abdallah Muhammad ibn Mūsā 94 Allen, Colin 393, 394 Allen, Jonathan P. 336, 417, 419, 429, 430, 431 Alphabet 318, 319, 320 altruism, limited 365 Amazon acquisitions 318, 319 Alexa 293 book recommendations 66, 147 commons 332 concentration of tech industry 318, 320 ‘cyber’ and ‘real’ distinction, disappearance of 97 Echo 134, 135 Kindle 151 machine learning 35 order refusal 106 robots 54 rules 116 working conditions 310 ambient intelligence see smart devices OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 28/05/18, SPi РЕЛИЗ ПОДГОТОВИЛА ГРУППА "What's News" VK.COM/WSNWS 492 Index American Legal Realism 109 Amnesty International 148 amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) 32 Anderson, Berit 410 Anderson, Elizabeth 118, 394, 401, 418, 420, 426, 429 Amazon’s working conditions 310 justice in recognition 273 Android 64, 359 Angelidou, Margarita 381 Anglican Church 159 anonymity 231–2 Anonymous ‘hacktivists’ 221 antitrust law 357, 358 Anwin, Julia 403, 422 apathy 349 Apollo Guidance Computer 38 Apple acquisitions 318 concentration of tech industry 320 founders 314 Guidelines for app developers 189 gun emoji 148 homosexuality ‘cure’ apps 235–6 inflexibility of operating system 359 iPad 38 manufacturers’ working conditions 151 refusal to unlock iPhone of San Bernadino terrorist 155 Siri 37, 47, 293 taxation 328 ‘Think Different’ advertisement 6 watches 44 Aquinas, Thomas 215, 409 AR see augmented reality Arab Spring 150, 221 Arbesman, Samuel 193, 406 arbitrariness, rule-based injustice 284 Arendt, Hannah 9, 72, 163, 237, 415 Aristotle 368, 403, 411, 418 democracy 215, 222, 224, 234, 249 justice and equality 259 man as a political animal 222 morality 176 objective failures of recognition 272 political theory 9 work paradigm 300–1 Armstrong, Neil 38 Arneson, Richard 308, 425, 426 Aron, Jacob 376 artificial emotional intelligence 53 artificial general intelligence 33 Artificial Intelligence (AI) 30–7 affective computing 53 AI Democracy 212, 213, 250–4, 348 algorithmic injustice 293 automation of force 119, 120 blockchain 47 bots see bots commons 332 Data Deal 337 data’s economic importance 317 degradation argument 361 Deliberative Democracy 232 digital law 108–9, 110, 113 Direct Democracy 240 facial recognition 66 future of code 98 increasingly quantified society 61 machine vision 51 perception-control 149 political campaigning 220 political speeches 31, 360–1 post-politics 362, 365–6 predictions 173 privatization of force 116 smart devices 48 software engineers 194 staff scrutiny 267 superintelligence 365–6 totalitarianism 177 usufructuary rights 330 Wealth Cyclone 322 Wiki Democracy 245 Asimov, Isaac 198 Assael,Yannis M. 371 Asscher, Lodewijk F. 400, 408 Associated Press 30 AT&T 20 OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 28/05/18, SPi РЕЛИЗ ПОДГОТОВИЛА ГРУППА "What's News" VK.COM/WSNWS Index Athens, classical 212, 214–15, 217, 222–3, 224, 228, 232 audit, algorithmic 355–6 augmented reality (AR) 58–9 mixed reality 60 perception-control 146, 149, 151–2, 229, 278 scrutiny 135 augmented things see smart devices Austria 235 authoritarianism 177–9 cryptography 183 state ownership of capital 329 authority 93 automated number plate recognition technology 49–50 automation of force 100, 119–21 autonomy 165, 167 Autor, David 428 Avent, Ryan 424, 425, 427 Azuma, Hiroki 247, 416 Babylon 77, 324 Bachrach, Peter 389, 391, 398 backgammon 31 Bailenson, Jeremy 407 Baker, Paul 422 Ball, James 428 Ball, Terence 368, 389 Baraniuk, Chris 432 Baratz, Morton S. 389, 391, 398 Barr, Alistair 421 Bartky, Sandra 126, 395 Bartlett, Jamie 388, 413, 417 Bates, James 134, 135 Baughman, Shawnee 407 BBC 373, 379, 381, 385, 405 Belamaire, Jordan 386 Belgium 129 Beniger, Andrew J. 369, 389 Benkler,Yochai 368, 370, 378, 398, 399, 400, 412, 416, 431 cooperative behaviour 45 networked information environment 145 smartphones 146 493 Bentham, Jeremy 126, 195 Berkman Center for Internet and Society 184, 405 Berlin, Isaiah 9, 166, 195, 368, 401, 403, 407 Berman, Robby 382, 384 Bernays, Edward L. 410 Berners-Lee, Tim 7, 48, 294, 367, 380 Bess, Michael 402, 434 Bhavani, R. 382 Bible 100, 124, 142, 257, 300, 317 BI Intelligence 428 Bimber, Bruce 369, 412 biometric analysis 52–3, 131, 186 Bitcoin 8, 46 Black Mirror 140 Blake, William 390 blockchain 45–7 automation of force 120 justice 264 smart contracts 106, 119 usufructuary rights 330 voting 240 Blue Brain project 33, 373 Bluetooth 48, 136 Bobbit, Philip 279 Boden, Margaret A. 373–4, 381, 382, 383 Bogle, Ariel 385 Boixo, Sergio 375–6 Bollen, Johan 416 Bolukbasi, Tolga 423 bomb-detecting spinach 51 Bonchi, Francesco 422 Booth, Robert 399 Borges, Jorge Luis 53 Bostrom, Nick 365–6, 372, 373, 379, 381, 382, 435 bots Deliberative Democracy 232–4, 235 network effect 321 Bourzac, Katherine 377 Boyle, James 331, 333, 430–1 Brabham, Daren C. 416 OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 28/05/18, SPi РЕЛИЗ ПОДГОТОВИЛА ГРУППА "What's News" VK.COM/WSNWS 494 Index Bradbury, Danny 415 brain–computer interfaces 48, 169 Braithwaite, John 431 Braman, Sandra 389 Brazil 244 Brexit 4, 233, 239 Bridge, Mark 393 Bridgewater Associates 267 British Empire 18 British Library 66 Brown, Gordon 95, 96, 391 Brownsword, Roger 176, 403 Brynjolfsson, Erik 374, 382, 390, 393, 427, 431 capital 315, 316, 334 Burgess, Matt 379 Burke, Edmund 263 Byford, Sam 32 Byrnes, Nanette 392 Cadwalladr, Carole 410, 413 Calabresi, Guido 279 Cambridge Analytica 220 campaigning, political 219–20 Campbell, Peter 371 Canetti, Elias 29 capital 314–17 commons 331–4 sharing economy 335–6 state ownership 329–30 taxation 327–9 usufructuary rights 330–1 carbon nanotubes 40 Casanova, Giacomo 216, 409 Casey, Anthony J. 109, 112, 393, 394 Castells, Manuel 144, 394, 398 Castillo, Carlos 422 CBC 383 Cellan-Jones, Rory 371 censorship by Anglican Church 159 perception-control 143, 146, 148, 151, 156 private power 190 cerebral hygiene 170 CERN 65 Chan, Connie 428 charisma 349 Charles I, King 167–8 chatbots 30 checkers 31 Cheney-Lippold, John 132, 395 chess 31, 36 Chesterton, G.


pages: 219 words: 74,775

Liquid: The Delightful and Dangerous Substances That Flow Through Our Lives by Mark Miodownik

3D printing, airport security, clean water, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, mass immigration, megacity, The Design of Experiments

The thorny devil lizard collects water through its skin by using hydrophobic materials and capillary flow. Introduction I have had peanut butter, honey, pesto sauce, toothpaste and, most painfully, a bottle of single-malt whisky all confiscated at airport security. I inevitably lose the plot in situations like this. I say things like ‘I want to see your supervisor’, or ‘peanut butter is not a liquid’, even though I know it is. Peanut butter flows and assumes the shape of its container – that is what liquids do – and so peanut butter is one. Even so, it just infuriates me that in a world full of ‘smart’ technology airport security still can’t tell the difference between a liquid spread and a liquid explosive. Although bringing more than 100 ml of liquid through security has been banned since 2006, our detection technology has not improved much in that time.


pages: 158 words: 16,993

Citation Needed: The Best of Wikipedia's Worst Writing by Conor Lastowka, Josh Fruhlinger

airport security, citation needed, en.wikipedia.org, jimmy wales, Nelson Mandela, peak oil, Ronald Reagan, Stephen Hawking

Playing Monopoly with him? Successful. Baking him oatmeal cookies? Not so much. (Turns out Ayase doesn’t care for oatmeal.) What still nags at him, though, is the possibility that everything would have turned out fine if he’d raped Ayase after the garage sale, rather than after the auction. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/No_Money Autograph hobby timeline 2001: The September 11 terrorist attacks raise airport security levels, making it difficult for the public to approach celebrities for autographs at U.S. airports. Nobody suffered more on that horrible day than the people who had been planning to get an autograph from the guy who plays Jay from Jay and Silent Bob when he got off an airplane on September 12th. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autograph_hobby_timeline Lippy the Lion & Hardy Har Har The latter’s name is ironic, as it’s an onomatopoeia for laughter, and Hardy is an eternal pessimist, Hardy is the stereotype of someone with a very deep Major depressive disorder; indeed, one short implies that expression of joy or happiness actually puts Hardy in pain.


pages: 677 words: 206,548

Future Crimes: Everything Is Connected, Everyone Is Vulnerable and What We Can Do About It by Marc Goodman

23andMe, 3D printing, active measures, additive manufacturing, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, airport security, Albert Einstein, algorithmic trading, artificial general intelligence, Asilomar, Asilomar Conference on Recombinant DNA, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, Baxter: Rethink Robotics, Bill Joy: nanobots, bitcoin, Black Swan, blockchain, borderless world, Brian Krebs, business process, butterfly effect, call centre, Charles Lindbergh, Chelsea Manning, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, computer vision, connected car, corporate governance, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, data acquisition, data is the new oil, Dean Kamen, disintermediation, don't be evil, double helix, Downton Abbey, drone strike, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, Filter Bubble, Firefox, Flash crash, future of work, game design, global pandemic, Google Chrome, Google Earth, Google Glasses, Gordon Gekko, high net worth, High speed trading, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, hypertext link, illegal immigration, impulse control, industrial robot, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet of things, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, John Harrison: Longitude, John Markoff, Joi Ito, Jony Ive, Julian Assange, Kevin Kelly, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, Kuwabatake Sanjuro: assassination market, Law of Accelerating Returns, Lean Startup, license plate recognition, lifelogging, litecoin, low earth orbit, M-Pesa, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, Menlo Park, Metcalfe’s law, MITM: man-in-the-middle, mobile money, more computing power than Apollo, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Nate Silver, national security letter, natural language processing, obamacare, Occupy movement, Oculus Rift, off grid, offshore financial centre, optical character recognition, Parag Khanna, pattern recognition, peer-to-peer, personalized medicine, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, Peter Thiel, pre–internet, RAND corporation, ransomware, Ray Kurzweil, refrigerator car, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Rodney Brooks, Ross Ulbricht, Satoshi Nakamoto, Second Machine Age, security theater, self-driving car, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, smart cities, smart grid, smart meter, Snapchat, social graph, software as a service, speech recognition, stealth mode startup, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, strong AI, Stuxnet, supply-chain management, technological singularity, telepresence, telepresence robot, Tesla Model S, The Future of Employment, The Wisdom of Crowds, Tim Cook: Apple, trade route, uranium enrichment, Wall-E, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, Wave and Pay, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, web application, Westphalian system, WikiLeaks, Y Combinator, zero day

Atherton, “Israeli Students Spoof Waze App with Fake Traffic Jam,” Popular Science, March 31, 2014. 30 In what investigators: Nathan Hodge and Adam Entous, “Oil Firms Hit by Hackers from China, Report Says,” Wall Street Journal, Feb. 10, 2011. 31 “they inadvertently downloaded code”: Nicole Perlroth, “Hackers Lurking in Vents and Soda Machines,” New York Times, April 7, 2014. 32 “allegations about Chinese hacking”: Hodge and Entous, “Oil Firms Hit by Hackers from China.” 33 In 2013, hackers: Lee Moran, “Montana Residents Flip Out When Emergency Alert System Tells Them the Zombie Apocalypse Is Happening—Like Right Friggin Now,” New York Daily News, Feb. 12, 2013. 34 “traffic jerked to a standstill”: “Russian Hackers Jam Automobile Traffic with Porn,” Fox News, Technology, January 15, 2010; “Russian Jailed for Six Years for Hacking into Advertising Server and Making Electronic Billboard Show Porn to Motorists,” Mail Online, March 24, 2011. 35 The sign stood: Sevil Omer, “Racial Slur on Mich. Road Sign Targets Trayvon Martin,” NBC News, April 9, 2012. 36 Even in 2014: Serge Malenkovich, “Hacking the Airport Security Scanner,” Kaspersky Lab. March 14, 2014, 37 Even if a hacker: “Hacked X-Rays Could Make TSA Scanners Useless,” video, Wall Street Journal, Feb. 12, 2014. 38 Shockingly, using a common hacker tactic: Kim Zetter, “Hacked X-Rays Could Slip Guns Past Airport Security,” Wired, Feb. 11, 2014. 39 “Hackers have hobbled”: U.S. Department of Transportation, “Review of Web Applications Security and Intrusion Detection in Air Traffic Control Systems,” Project ID: FI-2009-049, May 4, 2009. 40 The inspector general: Siobhan Gorman, “FAA’s Air-Traffic Networks Breached by Hackers,” Wall Street Journal, May 7, 2009. 41 Moreover, a security audit: Thomas Claburn, “Air Traffic Control System Repeatedly Hacked,” Dark Reading, May 7, 2009. 42 “will be highly automated”: Steve Henn, “Could the New Air Traffic Control System Be Hacked?

Even in 2014, many of these devices, such as the commonly used Rapiscan 522B, use Windows variants such as Windows 98 or even Windows XP, operating systems for which thousands of security vulnerabilities have been documented and Microsoft itself has stopped issuing updates. In addition, the banks of scanners at airports are often networked to one another via either Ethernet cables or Wi-Fi, two protocols that are also routinely hacked. Shockingly, operator passwords on many airport security detectors are “stored in plain text, and there are multiple ways to log in to the system without any prior knowledge of user actual names.” Even if a hacker were to enter a completely made-up account and password, after showing an error, the system on these machines would still log in an attacker, as the security researcher Billy Rios at Qualys discovered. Given the number of zero days and exploits for the underlying software running these systems, were an airport X-ray machine infected with malware and had a rootkit placed on it, hackers could completely control the images security officials viewed on their screens.

Given the number of zero days and exploits for the underlying software running these systems, were an airport X-ray machine infected with malware and had a rootkit placed on it, hackers could completely control the images security officials viewed on their screens. A Tumi bag containing a bomb or firearm can thus be made to appear on-screen as a Tumi bag with three suits and a pair of Bruno Maglis. Screens intermediate security officials from their task at hand and as such are subject to traditional man-in-the-middle attacks. In a typical airport security configuration, one official watches the bags as they go into the machine, where they are X-rayed by a second official, while yet a third individual supervises the removal of the bags as they came out of the device. With segmented responsibilities such as these, the first and third screeners could view the Tumi go in and out of the device, while the second screener was presented with a video image of a completely different bag.


pages: 347 words: 88,114

The Zero-Waste Lifestyle: Live Well by Throwing Away Less by Amy Korst

airport security, business climate, carbon footprint, delayed gratification, if you build it, they will come, Mason jar, Parkinson's law

You will have to travel to your destination, of course, so the first section of this chapter addresses the different forms of transportation you take while on your vacation. You’ll also need accommodations—a place to relax and sleep after a fun-filled day. Your days will include eating out, sightseeing, shopping, and other forms of entertainment, all of which create some trash. From the simple-to-recycle (like paper ticket stubs) to bigger conundrums (supplying yourself with drinking water after passing through airport security), this chapter has you covered. Vacation Planning Planning for a vacation can be complicated, with arranging for pet sitting, the mail to be stopped, automatic bill pay, and so on. Planning a zero-waste vacation adds an extra layer of preparations to this already hectic process. Start planning your zero-waste vacation by thinking about your destination in terms of the waste you are likely to create.

I cover ways to help you avoid creating trash in the workplace, no matter what your profession. Meet Your Goal: Zero-Waste Travel Easy • Air-dry hands in public restrooms. • Frequent sit-down instead of fast-food restaurants. • Recycle brochures and receipts. • Request “no disposables” from restaurant servers. • Pack zero-waste snacks for the trip. • Refuse single-use amenities in hotels, airports, and the like. Moderate • Take an empty water bottle through airport security; fill up before boarding plane. • Hand-carry recyclable items from a restaurant; recycle when you get home. • Tip higher when restaurant servers accommodate your “no disposables” request. • Leave comments on comment cards regarding how much or little trash your visit generated. • Bring your own canvas bag when souvenir shopping. • Purchase handcrafted souvenirs from local artisans. Advanced • Carry a compost container for leftovers


pages: 519 words: 155,332

Tailspin: The People and Forces Behind America's Fifty-Year Fall--And Those Fighting to Reverse It by Steven Brill

2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airport security, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, asset allocation, Bernie Madoff, Bernie Sanders, Blythe Masters, Bretton Woods, business process, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, carried interest, clean water, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collective bargaining, computerized trading, corporate governance, corporate raider, corporate social responsibility, Credit Default Swap, currency manipulation / currency intervention, Donald Trump, ending welfare as we know it, failed state, financial deregulation, financial innovation, future of work, ghettoisation, Gordon Gekko, hiring and firing, Home mortgage interest deduction, immigration reform, income inequality, invention of radio, job automation, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, labor-force participation, laissez-faire capitalism, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, mortgage tax deduction, new economy, obamacare, old-boy network, paper trading, performance metric, post-work, Potemkin village, Powell Memorandum, quantitative hedge fund, Ralph Nader, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Bork, Robert Gordon, Robert Mercer, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, telemarketer, too big to fail, trade liberalization, union organizing, Unsafe at Any Speed, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, working poor

What Buffett had meant was that he was attracted to companies that had such good products with such great reputations, predominant market shares, and good managements that competitors would have a hard time getting across the moat to attack it. However, the man I was talking with brought up his moat theory because he wanted to know whether a company he was investing in that I had founded, which was creating a system by which people could pay to be prescreened and get expedited access through airport security, was hiring the right lobbyists to make sure various airports didn’t do business with any newcomers that might try to compete with us. That was the kind of unfair advantage, or moat, he was looking for—protection from the marketplace and the consequences of my company not performing well enough to win on the merits. Similarly, what investors and businesses of all kinds began to seek in the wake of the 1971 call to arms triggered by events like Lewis Powell’s memo and the Burke-Hartke anti-trade proposal was protection of all kinds.

Members of Congress from both sides of the aisle gathered hand in hand on the Capitol steps that night to sing “God Bless America.” People flooded volunteer centers to help the injured and those who had lost loved ones. Hundreds of millions of dollars were donated to help the families of victims. Congress quickly passed bipartisan legislation setting up a victims compensation fund and revamping airport security. Police and other first responders were saluted by people on the left and right. That mood soon faded. Divisions in Washington and cynicism across the country returned. If anything, the isolation from the larger community that Putnam had blamed, in small part, on television, intensified in the age of smartphones and social media. Polarization—which Putnam had attributed in 2000 to the “culture wars” of the 1990s, but at the time had cautioned “should not be exaggerated”—had also grown worse.

trust in the federal government: From the Pew Research Center: http://www.people-press.org/​2017/​05/​03/​public-trust-in-government-1958-2017/. Warren Buffett: The investor has regularly used the term “moat” in his annual letter to Berkshire Hathaway shareholders. In 2007 he explained, “A truly great business must have an enduring ‘moat’ that protects excellent returns on invested capital”: http://www.berkshirehathaway.com/​letters/​2007ltr.pdf. expedited access through airport security: This was a company called Clear that I founded. leading growth industry: See Drutman, The Business of America Is Lobbying, pp. 9–11. That is why that study: Martin Gilens and Benjamin I. Page, “Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens,” Perspectives on Politics 12, no. 3 (September 2014), http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/​viewdoc/​download;jsessionid=37EDA24D1D5DA87AEB950CEFE63883FF?


pages: 495 words: 154,046

The Rights of the People by David K. Shipler

affirmative action, airport security, computer age, facts on the ground, fudge factor, if you build it, they will come, illegal immigration, mandatory minimum, Mikhail Gorbachev, national security letter, Nelson Mandela, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, RFID, risk tolerance, Ronald Reagan, Skype, Thomas L Friedman, union organizing, working poor, zero-sum game

Clearly, it would be a long way back from the country’s sixth major detour. CRIMINAL ACTS As no one can forget, the morning of September 11, 2001, had a deceptively beautiful beginning, heralding one of those crystal days between late summer and early autumn. The clarity of the air provided unlimited visibility, deadly visibility. In Boston, New York, and Washington, a total of nineteen men, some carrying box cutters, passed through airport security. They boarded four passenger jetliners fully loaded with fuel, and after takeoff seized control of the cockpits. Two planes were driven at high speed, one after another, into the two looming towers of the World Trade Center in lower Manhattan, bringing the symbols of financial might down in a whirlwind of fire and debris. A third rammed the Pentagon, carving a cavernous wound in the fortress of American military power.

A quasi-scientific school of study, using facial tics as lie detectors, has been promoted by Mark Frank, a former bouncer who came to believe he could tell by looking at people’s faces whether they were carrying guns, false IDs, or hot tempers. Now a psychologist at the University of Buffalo, he trains investigators to watch for fleeting “microexpressions” that indicate fear: eyebrows moving up and together, or a muscle that contracts to stretch the mouth, for example. So keen is the Department of Homeland Security to divine emotions this way that it launched an airport security project to detect body language and granted Rutgers university $3.5 million to design computer software that could read faces more reliably than veteran cops like Sergeant Brennan.47 But Brennan felt he was pretty good at it, and he found that funny things often happened in Union Station when he asked for identification. “You’d be surprised how often there’s no ID, no ID at all,” Brennan said, because the passenger had given a false name to begin with and didn’t want to produce a contradicting document.

“I’m thinking of starting my own airline, which would be called: Naked Air,” the columnist Thomas L. Friedman wrote in December 2001. “Its motto would be: ‘Everybody flies naked and nobody worries.’ Or ‘Naked Air—where the only thing you wear is a seat belt.’ ”3 As a real-life alternative, more than 260,000 travelers eagerly acquiesced to government background checks, fingerprinting, and iris scans (and paid about $200 a year) just to get into express lanes and save a few minutes at airport security with the Clear card from Verified Identity Pass—before the company suddenly went out of business.4 Where the Fourth Amendment still applies—as in personal searches—authorities extract preemptive consent in exchange for entry, not only at airports and courthouses but even on Maine State ferries, which have been adorned with signs reading, “Boarding This Vessel Is Deemed Valid Consent to Screening or Inspection” and “All Persons and Vehicles Aboard This Vessel Are Subject to Electronic Monitoring/Surveillance.”


pages: 264 words: 90,379

Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking by Malcolm Gladwell

affirmative action, airport security, Albert Einstein, complexity theory, David Brooks, East Village, haute couture, Kevin Kelly, lateral thinking, medical malpractice, medical residency, Menlo Park, Nelson Mandela, new economy, pattern recognition, phenotype, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Stephen Hawking, theory of mind, young professional

The following articles were particularly helpful on changes in the world of classical music: Evelyn Chadwick, “Of Music and Men,” The Strad (December 1997): 1324–1329; Claudia Goldin and Cecilia Rouse, “Orchestrating Impartiality: The Impact of ‘Blind’ Auditions on Female Musicians,” American Economic Review 90, no. 4 (September 2000): 715–741; and Bernard Holland, “The Fair, New World of Orchestra Auditions,” New York Times, January 11, 1981. Acknowledgments A few years ago, before I began Blink, I grew my hair long. It used to be cut very short and conservatively. But I decided, on a whim, to let it grow wild, as it had been when I was a teenager. Immediately, in very small but significant ways, my life changed. I started getting speeding tickets—and I had never gotten any before. I started getting pulled out of airport security lines for special attention. And one day, as I was walking along Fourteenth Street in downtown Manhattan, a police van pulled up on the sidewalk, and three officers jumped out. They were looking, it turned out, for a rapist, and the rapist, they said, looked a lot like me. They pulled out the sketch and the description. I looked at it and pointed out to them as nicely as I could that, in fact, the rapist looked nothing at all like me.

Believe it or not, it’s because I decided, a few years ago, to grow my hair long. If you look at the author photo on my last book, The Tipping Point, you’ll see that it used to be cut very short and conservatively. But, on a whim, I let it grow wild, as it had been when I was a teenager. Immediately, in very small but significant ways, my life changed. I started getting speeding tickets all the time—and I had never gotten any before. I started getting pulled out of airport security lines for special attention. And one day, as I was walking along Fourteenth Street in downtown Manhattan, a police van pulled up on the sidewalk and three officers jumped out. They were looking, it turned out, for a rapist, and the rapist, they said, looked a lot like me. They pulled out the sketch and the description. I looked at it and pointed out to them as nicely as I could that in fact the rapist looked nothing at all like me.


pages: 369 words: 90,630

Mindwise: Why We Misunderstand What Others Think, Believe, Feel, and Want by Nicholas Epley

affirmative action, airport security, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Cass Sunstein, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, drone strike, friendly fire, invisible hand, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Milgram experiment, payday loans, Peter Singer: altruism, pirate software, Richard Thaler, school choice, social intelligence, the scientific method, theory of mind

Brief emotion training improves recognition of facial emotions in chronic schizophrenia: A pilot study. Psychiatry Research 128: 147–54. 7. Blanch-Hartigan, D., S. A. Andrzejewski, and K. M. Hill (2012). The effectiveness of training to improve person perception: A meta-analysis. Basic and Applied Social Psychology 34: 483–98. 8. Frank, T. (September 25, 2007). Airport security arsenal adds behavior detection. USA Today. Retrieved from http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/travel/flights/2007-09-25-behavior-detection_N.htm. 9. Weinberger, S. (2010). Airport security: Intent to deceive? Nature 465: 412–15. 10. Gilovich, T., K. Savitsky, and V. H. Medvec (1998). The illusion of transparency: Biased assessments of others’ ability to read one’s emotional states. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 75: 332–46. 11. Porter, S., and L. ten Brinke (2008). Reading between the lies: Identifying concealed and falsified emotions in universal facial expressions.


pages: 328 words: 100,381

Top Secret America: The Rise of the New American Security State by Dana Priest, William M. Arkin

airport security, business intelligence, dark matter, drone strike, friendly fire, Google Earth, hiring and firing, illegal immigration, immigration reform, index card, Julian Assange, profit motive, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, WikiLeaks

ARKIN Little, Brown and Company New York Boston London Begin Reading Table of Contents Photo Insert Copyright Page From Dana: To Bill, Nick, Haley, Shirley, and Ken for their love and humor, and to the late Banksy Priest for keeping me company for so many hours every day From Bill: To Rikki and Hannah, and Luciana, my love with no time line INTRODUCTION A Perpetual State of Yellow Though she could barely walk anymore at age seventy-six, Joy Whiteman remained calm as she fumbled to remove her new white tennis shoes, lift herself out of her wheelchair, and grab the side of the X-ray machine. She teetered slowly, in socks, through the security scanner at the Boise Airport in Idaho. Airport security guards folded her wheelchair and rolled it through the scanner, keeping an eye on the frail woman in a bright flowered jacket. “Can you make it without pain?” a guard asked her. “Oh, sure,” she replied. Whiteman followed instructions, lifted her hands above her head, emptied her pockets of crumpled pieces of paper, then apologized for having left her driver’s license in her purse rather than having it in hand for the guards to examine with her plane ticket.

A decade of terrorism warnings about possible attacks in the United States had convinced Whiteman that she had much to fear. Walking through a body scanner without her wheelchair was a small price to pay for safety. Never mind that no terrorist had ever fit her profile or been foiled walking through a security scanner. Never mind that the Department of Homeland Security, which was responsible for setting airport security policy, was ridiculed by people at every other intelligence agency because it hadn’t learned to hone its focus and still saw threats everywhere.1 The scene of Joy Whiteman holding herself up with the walls of the body scanner while a crew of security guards, paid by taxpayers, made sure she didn’t fall, seemed a perfect metaphor for what has transpired in the United States over the past ten years.


pages: 303 words: 81,981

Busting Vegas: The MIT Whiz Kid Who Brought the Casinos to Their Knees by Ben Mezrich

airport security, Donald Trump, Firefox, index card, trickle-down economics

Two hundred thousand dollars. And that was only half of the stake he and Allie had brought with them to Vegas. Allie had two hundred thousand more, though Semyon wasn’t sure how she had hidden the money, considering she was wearing such a tight leather skirt. He hadn’t seen her without her jean jacket, but he was pretty sure she had some sort of tank top underneath. Then again, he was pretty sure airport security spent less time working over girls like Allie; she might very well have had the money banded around her waist. He zipped his jacket halfway up his chest, then prepared to head back out into the airport. He wondered if Allie was already on her way to the meeting place. On Victor’s suggestion, they had decided to split up the minute they left the plane. Victor had assured them that there was no reason for them to expect any sort of surveillance, but it was always good practice to remain cautious.

I’m going to be ready and rated to fly by next weekend.” Semyon stared at him. Then he turned back toward the little airplane. No fucking way, he thought to himself, am I getting into that death trap. “Have a nice trip,” he finally said. Victor laughed, slapping Semyon’s shoulder. “Come on, man. Don’t you see? This is going to save us tons of money. We can hit Atlantic City at will, carry our money without worrying about airport security. It’s perfectly safe.” Semyon rubbed his jaw, looking at the chipped yellow paint that was peeling, in jagged triangles, from the wings. “Why did you bring me here, instead of the whole team?” he asked. Victor sighed. “If you haven’t noticed, Semyon, I’ve singled you out from the rest. I think you’re the best of the group—as good as me, actually. I think of you as my partner.” Semyon nodded.


pages: 339 words: 99,674

Pay Any Price: Greed, Power, and Endless War by James Risen

air freight, airport security, banking crisis, clean water, drone strike, Edward Snowden, greed is good, illegal immigration, income inequality, large denomination, Occupy movement, pattern recognition, pre–internet, RAND corporation, Silicon Valley, Stanford prison experiment, Stuxnet, too big to fail, WikiLeaks

—JAMES RISEN Index Abedin, Huma, [>] Abu Ghraib, [>]–[>], [>]–[>], [>], [>], [>]–[>], [>], [>]–[>] abuse of power/power, [>]–[>], [>], [>]–[>], [>]–[>], [>]–[>], [>] Addington, David, [>]–[>], [>] Afghanistan: Bagram Prison in, [>], [>]–[>], [>]; drones and, [>]–[>], [>], [>]–[>]; intelligence operations in, [>]–[>]; police training contracts in, [>]–[>]; Taliban and, [>], [>], [>], [>], [>], [>]–[>], [>] air force, [>], [>], [>], [>]–[>], [>], [>]–[>], [>], [>] airport security, [>], [>]–[>] Alarbus Transportation, [>]–[>], [>]–[>], [>]–[>], [>] Al Baraka Investment and Development Corporation, [>], [>] Al Jazeera, [>]–[>], [>], [>], [>]–[>] Allawi, Ayad, [>], [>]–[>] Al Qaeda: broadcasts of codes and, [>]–[>], [>], [>], [>]–[>]; end of threat from, [>], [>]–[>]; golden-chain document and, [>]; international drones market and, [>]; national security policies and, [>]–[>]; 9/11 lawsuits and, [>]; NSA data on operatives in, [>]–[>], [>]; registry of, [>] American Psychiatric Association (APA), [>] American Psychological Association (APA), [>]–[>], [>]–[>] Amnesty International, [>] anti-Muslim rhetoric, [>]–[>], [>], [>]–[>] architecture, and homeland security, [>]–[>] arms dealing, [>], [>]–[>], [>] army procurement, and auditors, [>]–[>] army procurement, and military contractor audits, [>]–[>] Arrigo, Jean Maria, [>]–[>] Ashcroft, John, [>]–[>] Asimos, Michael: government contracts and, [>]; illegal business deals and, [>]; intelligence operations and, [>]–[>], [>], [>]; investigative work and, [>]–[>] assassinations, of terrorist suspects, [>], [>] assets/informants, [>], [>], [>]–[>], [>]–[>], [>]–[>], [>]–[>] audits, of outside contractors for U.S. military, [>] Babar, Major, [>], [>]–[>] Bachmann, Michele, [>]–[>] Baginski, Maureen, [>], [>] Bagram Prison, [>], [>]–[>], [>] Barko, Harry, [>] Bayes, Malcolm, [>]–[>], [>] beaureacrats’ postretirement employment, [>] behavioral scientists, and enhanced interrogation methods, [>]–[>], [>]–[>], [>]–[>] Behnke, Stephen, [>] Benevolence International, [>] Bergstrom, Rod, [>]–[>] Bin Laden, Osama, [>], [>]–[>], [>]–[>], [>]–[>], [>], [>], [>] Binney, Bill, [>]–[>], [>], [>]–[>], [>]–[>] Black, Bill, [>] Blackwater, [>], [>]–[>], [>] Blanchard, Paul, [>] Blixseth, Edra, [>]–[>] Blixseth, Tim, [>]–[>] Bloomberg, Michael, [>] Blue, Linden, [>]–[>] Blue, Neal, [>]–[>] Blxware, [>]–[>] Boston marathon bombing, [>], [>]–[>] Bowen, Stuart, [>]–[>], [>]–[>] Brachman, Jarrett, [>] Bradbury, Steven, [>]–[>] Brandon, Susan, [>], [>]–[>] Bremer, Paul, [>], [>]–[>], [>]–[>], [>] Brennan, John, [>] bribery scandals, and military contractors, [>] Brin, Sergey, [>] Brisard, Jean-Charles, [>]–[>] Brito, Jerry, [>] Brooke, Francis, [>]–[>] Bucci, Steven, [>]–[>], [>], [>], [>]–[>] Bureau of Investigative Journalism, [>] Burnett, Deena, [>]–[>] Burnett, Tom, [>] Burnett et al. [>].

. [>] bin Laden et al. (2011), [>] Hayden, Michael, [>], [>]–[>], [>], [>]–[>], [>] health hazards, burn pits as, [>]–[>] Heilbrun, Mark, [>]–[>], [>]–[>] Hersh, Seymour, [>]–[>] Homeland Security Department: counterterrorism and, [>]; cybersecurity and, [>]–[>]; drones program and, [>]; Einstein [>] and, [>]; enhanced interrogation methods and, [>]; intelligence operations and, [>]–[>]; money and, [>]; Occupy movement and, [>]; Operation Stonegarden and, [>]–[>] homeland security-industrial complex: overview of, [>]–[>], [>]; airport security and, [>], [>]–[>]; anti-Muslim rhetoric and, [>]–[>], [>], [>]–[>]; architecture and, [>]–[>]; Boston marathon bombing in 2013 and, [>], [>]–[>]; Canadian border and, [>]–[>], [>]; Derby Line Battle and, [>]–[>], [>]; fear and, [>], [>], [>], [>]; government buildings and, [>]; greed and, [>]; independent terrorism analysts and, [>]–[>], [>]; individual extremists and, [>]–[>]; money and, [>], [>]–[>], [>], [>]–[>], [>], [>]–[>]; NIH and, [>]–[>]; 9/11 terrorist attacks and, [>]–[>], [>], [>]–[>], [>]; power/abuse of power and, [>]–[>]; press investigations and, [>]–[>]; security zones/procedures and, [>]–[>].


pages: 351 words: 100,791

The World Beyond Your Head: On Becoming an Individual in an Age of Distraction by Matthew B. Crawford

airport security, Cass Sunstein, choice architecture, collateralized debt obligation, creative destruction, David Brooks, delayed gratification, dematerialisation, deskilling, digital Maoism, Google Glasses, hive mind, index card, informal economy, Jaron Lanier, large denomination, new economy, new new economy, Norman Mailer, online collectivism, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Richard Thaler, Rodney Brooks, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Stanford marshmallow experiment, the built environment, the scientific method, The Wisdom of Crowds, theory of mind, Walter Mischel, winner-take-all economy

The ever more complete penetration of public spaces by attention-getting technologies exploits the orienting response in a way that preempts sociability, directing us away from one another and toward a manufactured reality, the content of which is determined from afar by private parties that have a material interest in doing so. There is no conspiracy here, it’s just the way things go. When we go through airport security, the public authority makes a claim on our attention for the common good. This moment is emblematic of the purpose for which political authority in a liberal regime is originally instituted—public safety—and rightly has a certain gravity to it. But in the last few years, I have found I have to be careful at the far end of the process, because the bottoms of the gray trays that you place your items in for X-ray screening are now papered with advertisements, and their visual clutter makes it very easy to miss a pinky-sized flash memory stick against a picture of fanned-out L’Oréal lipstick colors.

action perception and as prior to mental operation Adderall Addiction by Design: Machine Gambling in Las Vegas (Schüll) administrative jig adrenaline advanced cognition advertisements, ubiquity of aesthetics Arendt on communities and Kant’s views on organ making and ridicule risked in subjectivism and affect firefighters and perception-action-affect circuits and affective capitalism affect-neutral representation affordances negative perception organized by skill and agency and perception of reality toys and in virtual reality air airport security Albashian, Ryan alert watchfulness by conscious mind, without meddling algorithms Allen, Woody American Gaming Association Ancien Régime and the Revolution, The (Tocqueville) Annie Hall (film) Anthes, Emily anthropology appearances apprenticeship Archer, Frank Arendt, Hannah Aristotelianism Aristotle art, diffusion of artificial intelligence robotics and Artificial Intelligence Art of Organ-Building, The (Audsley) Asimo (robot) assembly lines attending in Enlightenment to and from attention ascetics of autonomy and case studies of crisis of as cultural problem design and ecologies of as erotic phenomenon ethics of, see ethics of attention executive, see executive attention in exercise of skill and experiences created by advanced economies freedom and goal-driven vs. stimulus-driven individuality and, see individuality joint managing of, in public-choice architectures memory vs.


pages: 339 words: 95,988

Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything by Steven D. Levitt, Stephen J. Dubner

airport security, Broken windows theory, crack epidemic, desegregation, Exxon Valdez, feminist movement, George Akerlof, information asymmetry, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Arrow, longitudinal study, mental accounting, moral hazard, More Guns, Less Crime, oil shale / tar sands, Paul Samuelson, peak oil, pets.com, profit maximization, Richard Thaler, school choice, sensible shoes, Steven Pinker, Ted Kaczynski, The Chicago School, The Market for Lemons, Thorstein Veblen, twin studies, War on Poverty

—SJD (May 8, 2005) “Making Profits from Incivility on the Roads” I hardly ever drive anymore since I moved close to where I work. So whenever I do, the incivility on the roads leaps out at me. People do things in cars they would never do in other settings. Honking. Swearing. Cutting to the front of the line. And that is just my wife. The other drivers are far meaner. One obvious reason is that you don’t have to live with the consequences for any length of time. If you cut in line at airport security, you will be in close proximity for quite some time to the people you insulted. But with a car, you make a quick getaway. When I used to commute, there was one particular interchange where incivility ruled. (For those who know Chicago, it is where the Dan Ryan feeds into the Eisenhower.) There are two lanes when you exit the highway. One lane goes to the other highway, and one to a surface street.

—SJD (Jan. 3, 2006) “I Almost Got Sent to Guantánamo” I arrived at the West Palm Beach airport yesterday, trying to make my way back to Chicago, only to see my flight time listed on the departure board as simply “delayed.” They weren’t even pretending it was leaving in the foreseeable future. With a little detective work, I found another flight that could get me home on a different airline, bought a one-way ticket, and headed for airport security. Of course, the last-minute purchase of a one-way ticket sets off the lights and buzzers for the TSA. So I’m pulled out of the line and searched. First the full-body search. Then the luggage. It didn’t occur to me that my latest research was going to get me into trouble. I’ve been thinking a lot about terrorism lately. Among the things I had in my carry-on was a detailed description of the 9/11 terrorists’ activities, replete with pictures of each of the terrorists and information about their background.


pages: 113 words: 36,785

Home Game: An Accidental Guide to Fatherhood by Michael Lewis

airport security, Berlin Wall, Fall of the Berlin Wall, psychological pricing, the new new thing

Tabitha called the architect who had torn out the fourth bedroom, and told him we’d be building an addition. Beep! Beep! Beep! To the shriek of an alarm I awaken but don’t move. What with the extra pillow and the warm blanket, the delivery room couch had proved surprisingly comfortable. Beep! Beep! Beep! Having witnessed childbirth twice before, I have acquired this expertise: I know that alarms on delivery room machines are nothing to fear. Along with smoke detectors and airport security machines, they belong on the long list of devices in American life designed to cry wolf. Apart from that, here is the sum total of what I’ve learned waiting for my children to be born: (1) arrive sober; (2) do not attempt to be interesting, as it makes the nurses uneasy; (3) never underestimate your own insignificance; and (4) try to get some sleep, as no one else can. Of course, it is important to be present and conscious for the birth of your child.


pages: 124 words: 40,697

The Grand Design by Stephen Hawking, Leonard Mlodinow

airport security, Albert Einstein, Albert Michelson, anthropic principle, Arthur Eddington, Buckminster Fuller, conceptual framework, cosmic microwave background, cosmological constant, dark matter, fudge factor, invention of the telescope, Isaac Newton, Johannes Kepler, John Conway, John von Neumann, luminiferous ether, Mercator projection, Richard Feynman, Stephen Hawking, Thales of Miletus, the scientific method, Turing machine

It’s probably no accident that the wavelengths we are able to see with the naked eye are those in which the sun radiates most strongly: It’s likely that our eyes evolved with the ability to detect electromagnetic radiation in that range precisely because that is the range of radiation most available to them. If we ever run into beings from other planets, they will probably have the ability to “see” radiation at whatever wavelengths their own sun emits most strongly, modulated by factors such as the light-blocking characteristics of the dust and gases in their planet’s atmosphere. So aliens who evolved in the presence of X-rays might have a nice career in airport security. Maxwell’s equations dictate that electromagnetic waves travel at a speed of about 300,000 kilometers a second, or about 670 million miles per hour. But to quote a speed means nothing unless you specify a frame of reference relative to which the speed is measured. That’s not something you usually need to think about in everyday life. When a speed limit sign reads 60 miles per hour, it is understood that your speed is measured relative to the road and not the black hole at the center of the Milky Way.


pages: 398 words: 120,801

Little Brother by Cory Doctorow

airport security, Bayesian statistics, Berlin Wall, citizen journalism, Firefox, game design, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, Internet Archive, Isaac Newton, Jane Jacobs, Jeff Bezos, mail merge, Mitch Kapor, MITM: man-in-the-middle, RFID, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, slashdot, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Thomas Bayes, web of trust, zero day

I'd seen him get crazy angry now and again -- I'd even made him that angry now and again -- and he could seriously lose it when he was Hulking out. He once threw a swing-set from Ikea across my granddad's whole lawn when it fell apart for the fiftieth time while he was assembling it. "Barbarians," Mom said. She's been living in America since she was a teenager, but she still comes over all British when she encounters American cops, health-care, airport security or homelessness. Then the word is "barbarians," and her accent comes back strong. We'd been to London twice to see her family and I can't say as it felt any more civilized than San Francisco, just more cramped. "But they let us go, and ferried us over today." I was improvising now. "Are you hurt?" Mom said. "Hungry?" "Sleepy?" "Yeah, a little of all that. Also Dopey, Doc, Sneezy and Bashful."

If you're designing a camera system that detects individual gaits, you'd better plan for people putting rocks in their shoes. Because if you don't, you're not going to design anything good. So when you're wandering through your day, take a moment to look at the security systems around you. Look at the cameras in the stores you shop at. (Do they prevent crime, or just move it next door?) See how a restaurant operates. (If you pay after you eat, why don't more people just leave without paying?) Pay attention at airport security. (How could you get a weapon onto an airplane?) Watch what the teller does at a bank. (Bank security is designed to prevent tellers from stealing just as much as it is to prevent you from stealing.) Stare at an anthill. (Insects are all about security.) Read the Constitution, and notice all the ways it provides people with security against government. Look at traffic lights and door locks and all the security systems on television and in the movies.


pages: 413 words: 128,093

On the Grand Trunk Road: A Journey Into South Asia by Steve Coll

affirmative action, airport security, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, back-to-the-land, Berlin Wall, British Empire, colonial rule, Fall of the Berlin Wall, full employment, global village, income inequality, income per capita, Indoor air pollution, Khyber Pass, land reform, Mahatma Gandhi, market bubble, mass immigration, Mikhail Gorbachev, New Urbanism, Ponzi scheme, Ronald Reagan, upwardly mobile, urban sprawl, yellow journalism

A few presents, purchased for Zia in the area, including a crate of mangos, were placed aboard the C-130, uninspected. Zia invited the Americans, Raphel and Wassom, to join him for the flight home. The Americans had their own small jet available. But they agreed to join Zia. The plane they boarded had been sitting on the Bahawalpur tarmac throughout the day, guarded by mixed and relatively loose contingents of soldiers, airport security paramilitaries, and local police. Nobody had performed any unusual repairs or maintenance, though the flight crew had spent a brief time fixing a jammed cargo door. At 3:46 P.M., Pak One rolled down the runway and lifted off in clear weather, circling toward Islamabad as it climbed. After a minute, perhaps two, a controller in the Bahawalpur tower asked the plane for its position. The C-130 was now out of sight.

The revolutionaries were friendly, the police seemed too frightened and preoccupied to bother with us, and for about a mile we rolled along, marveling at the sights. Suddenly a black van came racing up from behind and stopped just in front of us on the main road to Kathmandu. Out jumped a dozen or so riot police with truncheons and a few soldiers holding automatic weapons. They surrounded us. A mustachioed lieutenant with a walkie-talkie pushed through the gun barrels to the front and announced that we were in big trouble. He was from airport security and he was upset—very, very upset—that we had stolen two baggage trolleys from King Tribhuvan Airport. We proceeded to have what must be one of the most absurd conversations in the history of world revolution. He wanted us to give the trolleys back. We said we needed them to get to our hotel. Is it our fault, we asked, that you are having a revolution and so there aren’t any porters or taxis to carry our bags?


pages: 481 words: 121,300

Why geography matters: three challenges facing America : climate change, the rise of China, and global terrorism by Harm J. De Blij

agricultural Revolution, airport security, Anton Chekhov, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, British Empire, colonial exploitation, complexity theory, computer age, crony capitalism, demographic transition, Deng Xiaoping, Eratosthenes, European colonialism, F. W. de Klerk, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, global village, illegal immigration, Internet Archive, John Snow's cholera map, Khyber Pass, manufacturing employment, megacity, Mercator projection, MITM: man-in-the-middle, Nelson Mandela, out of africa, RAND corporation, risk tolerance, Ronald Reagan, South China Sea, special economic zone, Thomas Malthus, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, UNCLOS, UNCLOS

The economic fallout from an attack involving weapons of mass destruction would dwarf these numbers (Annan, 2004). Part of this cost represents the impact on the airline industry, from the grounding of all American aircraft on the day of the attack and the shutdown of air transportation for several days afterward to the temporary but crucial fear-induced shrinkage in passenger volume. The chaotic and inconsistent installation of airport security systems further damaged the industry. Today the system works better. But a RAND Corporation study published in January 2005 raises the prospect of potential attacks on commercial aircraft in the United States by terrorist operatives using shoulder-fired missiles because hijacking an airliner by boarding it is now less feasible. A key segment of this report, however, raises a troubling cost assessment: about $1 billion for the aircraft and its passengers and crew, $3 billion if the aviation system were again shut down for up to a week, and another $12 billion resulting from lost business and reduced passenger loads following an attack.

In the distance was a patch of bright light, so bright that when we reached it, it was as if the bus had been driven into a surgical theater. There we were ordered off the bus and all luggage and cargo was unloaded. Passengers were separated into three groups, Soviet, European (I was traveling on a Dutch passport), and others, including a group of Canadian and American academics. Every piece of luggage was examined in minute detail, and we were physically searched in ways that make the current airport-security procedure seem casual by comparison. Then we were instructed to sign documents stipulating that we were not carrying items ranging from books and "documents" to weapons and "propaganda." The entire operation took about three hours, and I wondered how long the wait would be when a line formed. "Never a queue," said the English-speaking guard handling the North Americans. "Only three buses a day and maybe five cars."


pages: 161 words: 44,488

The Business Blockchain: Promise, Practice, and Application of the Next Internet Technology by William Mougayar

Airbnb, airport security, Albert Einstein, altcoin, Amazon Web Services, bitcoin, Black Swan, blockchain, business process, centralized clearinghouse, Clayton Christensen, cloud computing, cryptocurrency, disintermediation, distributed ledger, Edward Snowden, en.wikipedia.org, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, fault tolerance, fiat currency, fixed income, global value chain, Innovator's Dilemma, Internet of things, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, market clearing, Network effects, new economy, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer lending, prediction markets, pull request, QR code, ride hailing / ride sharing, Satoshi Nakamoto, sharing economy, smart contracts, social web, software as a service, too big to fail, Turing complete, web application

Online, we are already challenged by keeping track of multiple passwords in our heads, or in notes, and we’re always worried about getting hacked potentially, or forgetting them. I would expect that blockchain-assisted identity and access solutions can help us arrive at better solutions than the current ones. In an ideal world, why could not our online and offline identities blur? Why do we accept that our driver’s license is only valid in physical settings (mostly), and our online identities (Facebook or other) are useless at airport security or at the bank? Of course, newly issued passports are beginning to bridge that divide when we scan them at the airport kiosks, and we complete our identification via a retinal scan, or other pieces of information to triangulate on our identity. In the blockchain world, there are various approaches that are addressing identity and personal security, including granting us access to data and services.


pages: 137 words: 43,960

Top 10 Maui, Molokai and Lanai by Bonnie Friedman

airport security, centre right, Charles Lindbergh, G4S, Maui Hawaii, polynesian navigation, Ronald Reagan

Otherwise, travel insurance is recommended. Major Airlines U.S. airlines are facing difficult times, and flight schedules and routes change frequently. United, Previous pages Plantation Inn (see p119) American, and Delta Airlines all fly directly to Maui from mainland U.S.; many major airlines fly into Honolulu from the mainland, Europe, and Asia. Enhanced Security Although Hawai‘i is a safe place, in the aftermath of 9/11, airport security has been enhanced, and items like pocketknives, scissors, nail files, and tweezers must be packed in checked luggage. When traveling interisland, you should get to the airport one hour before your scheduled flight. Cruise Lines Crystal Cruises, Princess Cruises, and Royal Caribbean have ships that stop in Hawai‘i as part of wider itineraries. Norwegian Cruise Lines operates vessels through the Hawaiian islands.


pages: 186 words: 49,251

The Automatic Customer: Creating a Subscription Business in Any Industry by John Warrillow

Airbnb, airport security, Amazon Web Services, asset allocation, barriers to entry, call centre, cloud computing, commoditize, David Heinemeier Hansson, discounted cash flows, high net worth, Jeff Bezos, Network effects, passive income, rolodex, sharing economy, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, software as a service, statistical model, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, subscription business, telemarketer, time value of money, zero-sum game, Zipcar

Once it completes the job, it sends an invoice and must typically wait 120 days to get paid. In the meantime, the company still has to make payroll and keep the lights on, etc., causing cash flow stress for the owner. The other part of the business comes from servicing the radioactive sources in small, everyday devices that are used by all kinds of organizations. You know that little wand the airport security guy assaults you with when you forget to take your watch off as you go through the X-ray machine? That has a small radioactive source inside, and to make sure it is not leaking radioactivity into unsuspecting travelers, it needs to be tested by a company like Stuart Hunt & Associates once every year. Stuart Hunt & Associates tests thousands of radioactive devices per year. Until recently, it would send a small invoice—usually around $100—for each job.


pages: 840 words: 224,391

Goliath: Life and Loathing in Greater Israel by Max Blumenthal

airport security, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, Boycotts of Israel, centre right, cognitive dissonance, corporate raider, crony capitalism, European colonialism, facts on the ground, ghettoisation, housing crisis, knowledge economy, megacity, moral panic, open borders, plutocrats, Plutocrats, surplus humans, upwardly mobile, urban planning, WikiLeaks, Yom Kippur War, young professional, zero-sum game

In 2010, EL AL was forced to pay $8,000 to two Arab citizens of Israel who were humiliated by a female security officer who stood over them for an entire flight, ordering them not to speak or use the bathroom without her escort—and after they had passed every airport security check. Another Arab citizen of Israel, the journalist Yara Mashour, said she was forced to switch airlines after EL AL agents refused to relent in an interrogation process that seemed aimed more at denigration than investigation. “I felt like they were raping me in many senses,” Mashour said afterward. Another Arab journalist from Israel, Ali Waked, who wrote for the major Israeli daily Yedioth Ahronoth, was banned from flying to Egypt in 2004 with Israel’s then–foreign minister Silvan Shalom without any explanation. No Arabs are exempt from discrimination at Ben Gurion International, not even the six-month-old Arab baby who was separated from her parents and strip-searched by airport security agents. The discrimination against Arabs at Ben Gurion Airport is so systematic the Israeli authorities make little attempt to conceal it; in 2006, the Shin Bet and Israeli Ministry of Transportation ordered a local airline to block any Arabs from flying until a temporary glitch in X-ray machines was repaired.

Dimi Reider, the Israeli journalist who revealed the new forms, commented, “More than anything else, this is a clear and stark example of normalization of apartheid: when both parties accept an ethnically discriminative practice as a given, and just seek to make it a little more palatable.” In July 2011, hundreds of international solidarity activists organized a protest of discriminatory practices at Ben Gurion informally known as the “flytilla.” They planned to land at the airport on flights from around the world in a coordinated fashion, then unapologetically inform airport security agents of their intention to volunteer for human rights and aid organizations in refugee camps in the West Bank (even the slightest hint that a tourist plans to travel into occupied territory can lead to immediate deportation). On July 8, when the demonstrators converged at Ben Gurion, chanting “Free Palestine!” upon arrival, they were set upon by mobs of angry Jewish Israeli travelers. Men charged at the demonstrators, who consisted mostly of middle-aged European women, shouting, “Sons of bitches!”


pages: 188 words: 54,942

Drone Warfare: Killing by Remote Control by Medea Benjamin

airport security, autonomous vehicles, Chelsea Manning, clean water, Clive Stafford Smith, crowdsourcing, drone strike, friendly fire, illegal immigration, Khyber Pass, megacity, nuremberg principles, performance metric, private military company, Ralph Nader, WikiLeaks

Precisely because drones are unmanned, the Pakistani government felt that this was a way to placate the American government while at the same time providing a pretext to its own people that somehow its sovereignty wasn’t being violated. In the United States, this tendency to use force is sanctioned by a population that lives in a state of fear. Ever since 9/11, the public has been subjected to a concerted, massive propagation of fear that has become so common as to be unnoticeable, except perhaps when asked to remove your shoes by airport security. Public fear of terrorism is routinely inflamed and amplified by politicians, including President Obama, through never-ending references to 9/11. The official government acceptance of unlimited detention of US citizens in the passage of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), and the backing by many politicians of Guantánamo detention and torture, finds support in public fear of terrorism.


pages: 209 words: 53,175

The Psychology of Money: Timeless Lessons on Wealth, Greed, and Happiness by Morgan Housel

"side hustle", airport security, Amazon Web Services, Bernie Madoff, business cycle, computer age, coronavirus, discounted cash flows, diversification, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, financial independence, Hans Rosling, Hyman Minsky, income inequality, index fund, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, Joseph Schumpeter, knowledge worker, labor-force participation, Long Term Capital Management, margin call, Mark Zuckerberg, new economy, Paul Graham, payday loans, Ponzi scheme, quantitative easing, Renaissance Technologies, Richard Feynman, risk tolerance, risk-adjusted returns, Robert Gordon, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Reagan, Stephen Hawking, Steven Levy, stocks for the long run, the scientific method, traffic fines, Vanguard fund, working-age population

The reason surprises occur is not because our models are wrong or our intelligence is low. It’s because the odds that Adolf Hitler’s parents argued on the evening nine months before he was born were the same as them conceiving a child. Technology is hard to predict because Bill Gates may have died from polio if Jonas Salk got cranky and gave up on his quest to find a vaccine. The reason we couldn’t predict the student loan growth is because an airport security guard may have confiscated a hijacker’s knife on 9/11. That’s all there is to it. The problem is that we often use events like the Great Depression and World War II to guide our views of things like worst-case scenarios when thinking about future investment returns. But those record-setting events had no precedent when they occurred. So the forecaster who assumes the worst (and best) events of the past will match the worst (and best) events of the future is not following history; they’re accidentally assuming that the history of unprecedented events doesn’t apply to the future.


pages: 717 words: 150,288

Cities Under Siege: The New Military Urbanism by Stephen Graham

addicted to oil, airport security, anti-communist, autonomous vehicles, Berlin Wall, call centre, carbon footprint, clean water, congestion charging, creative destruction, credit crunch, DARPA: Urban Challenge, defense in depth, deindustrialization, digital map, edge city, energy security, European colonialism, failed state, Food sovereignty, Gini coefficient, global supply chain, Google Earth, illegal immigration, income inequality, knowledge economy, late capitalism, loose coupling, market fundamentalism, mass incarceration, McMansion, megacity, moral panic, mutually assured destruction, Naomi Klein, New Urbanism, offshore financial centre, one-state solution, pattern recognition, peak oil, planetary scale, private military company, Project for a New American Century, RAND corporation, RFID, Richard Florida, Scramble for Africa, Silicon Valley, smart transportation, surplus humans, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Washington Consensus, white flight, white picket fence

Index Page numbers in italics indicate images ABC, 72 Abu Ghraib, 57, 72, 109, 110 n.81, 112, 235, 352 Abu Manneh, Bashir, 230–31 Achcar, Gilbert, 39, 372 Ackerman, Robert, 164 Ackerman, Spencer, 129 n.143 Aegis air-defence, 181 Afflicted Powers: Capital and Spectacle in a New Age of War, 69 n.28, 162 n.27, 211 n.91, 302 n.4, 338 n.150, 349 n.3, 381 n.89, 385 n.98 Afghanistan, 54, 73, 129, 170, 178, 195, 239–40, 252, 270, 273, 359, 371, 379; simulated, 196, 216 Africa, 2, 7, 17, 53 n.74, 54, 119, 176, 297, 311, 334, 337 African Americans: and Hummer, 321; and Hurricane Katrina, 25, 48 n.57, 52, 86 n.107, 94–95, 113; media portrayal of, 44–45; military target & employee, 62, 321; and prison, 110; surplus humanity, 113 Agamben, Giorgio, xxii n.19, xxv, 73, 94 n.31, 96 n.38, 113 n.96, 175 n.76, 235, 296 n.130, 300, 307 Agier, Michel, 18 n.72 Agre, Phil, 24 n.102, 31 n.130, 117, 263 n.2, 293–96, 298–300 Ahtisaari, Martti, 281 Air Force Magazine, 172 airport security, 136–38 Air and Space Power Chronicles, 275 Aizenman, N. C., 110 n. 77&79 Aksu, Esref, 378 n.75 Alaska, 311, 335 al-Harithi, Ali Qaed Sinan, 249 Al Jazeera, 72, 224, 283 Allison, Aime, 371 n.59 al-Qaeda, 22, 39, 40–43, 178, 232–33, 249, 338 Alsayyad, Nezar, 144–45 Alvarez, Samantha, 4 n.8 al-Zawahri, Ayman, 178 America’s Army, xxv, 203, 204, 205–6, 208–9, 210, 372; and US army recruits, 206 Amidon, John M., 303 n.11, 311, 335 n.142 Amman, 261 Amoore, Louise, 99,100, 125 n.128, 126, 138 n.180, 139, 142 n.190, 360 n.33 Anastassia, Tsoukala, 90 n.6, 91 n.10 Andrejevic, Marc, 93 Andreu, Paul, 89 n.2 Andrews, Andy, 190 Ansary, Tamim, 273 n.32, 300 Ansems de Vries, Leonie, 267 n.14, 383 n.93 Anthropocene, 382 anthropologists, 33 anti-globalization, 22–23, 59, 122, 353 anti-urbanism, xxi, 27, 32, 40–52 passim, 314, 317, 320 APEC, 122 Appadurai, Arjun, 145; Fear of Small Numbers, 16 n.66, 17 n.70, 28, 56 n.83; Modernity at Large,18 appropriation, 363–68 Arab cities, 38, 41 n.25, 53 n.74, 56–57, 71, 185, 188, 191, 194, 196, 199, 203, 205–6, 209, 211, 218–19, 225, 227, 237 Arabs, pathos of, 235 The Arab Mind (Patai), 53 n.71, 57, 235 Arafat, Yasser, 233 Arizona Republic,187 Arkin, Ronald, 180 Armitage, John, 181 ARMY, 243 Army News Service, 209 Arnold, Kathleen, 93 n.25 Arquilla, John, 22 n.89, 155 n.7 art, 351–80 passim Arziof, David, 255 Assa, Haim, 286 assassination raids, 248–50 Astore, William J., 292 n.112 asymmetric war, xiv, xx, 19, 27, 40, 71, 156, 162–63, 175, 230, 235, 238, 260, 265, 267, 292, 316 Atkinson, Rowland, 95 n.34, 107 Atta, Mohammed, 41 Aum Shinrikyo group, 268, 295 Australia, 98, 137, 340 Axe, David, 208 n.81 Axyell, Bryan, 202 Aziz, Tariq, 153 n.1 Aznar, 82 Azri, Ben, 284 Babero, Mike, 190 Backhaus, Gary, 110 n.78 Baeten, Guy, 43 n.36, 95 Baghdad, 112, 114, 121, 129, 130, 158, 170, 203, 224–25, 241, 242, 248, 261, 270, 280, 283–84, 324, 361–62; simulated, 201–2 Bajkowski, Julian, 378 n.71 Baker, Peter, 364, 364 n.39 Baladia.

See urban warfare, training cities urban warfare, xvi, xxv-xxvi, 11–12, 18–19, 23, 58, 85–86, 125, 140, 153–54, 156, 239, 244, 246–47, 249; civil unrest as, 78, 218; conference on, 227; and domestic urban space, 23, 98; economy of, 252–54; great challenge of century, 19; Israel’s lessons on, 228–30, 233–34; training cities, 183–200 passim: Baladia, 191, 192, 193–95, 246, Baumholder, 186–87, early examples of, 185–86, mock cities needed, 184–85, new purpose of, 186, Playas, 196, 197, 198, RAND on, 187, 195–98, Urban Terrain Module, 199–200, Wired on, 190–91, Yodaville, 187, 188, 189, Zussman, 189–90; and urban culture, 33; video games for, 200–225 passim: Urban Resolve, 201–3. See also city, and war urbicide, 83–88 passim, 227, 267 US: airport security, 136, 137; anti-communist efforts, 13; army advert, 34; army bases as gated communities, 211–14; army recruits, 206, 207, 208; banned images of war dead, 72; and Canada border, 139–40, 250, 330; car culture, 302; CCTV in, 114 n.102; citizen soldiers of, xxv; city-destruction, 153; city as double target, 52; city-driven economy, 47, 49–50; cultural awareness, 34; data mining centres, 127; defense budget, 65, 75; defense industry flourishes, 196; defense overhauled by video game, 202; and de-modernization, xxiv; Department of Homeland Security, 80, 135, 196, 250, 258, 299; detainees worldwide, 112; energy policy, 311, 334; Enhanced Border Security and Visa Act, 136; ethnic cleansing of Iraq, 35; financial meltdown, 312; foreign-domestic convergence, 22, 24, 45, 52–53, 82; gated communities, xix, 106–7, 129, 144, 315; ‘giver’ vs ‘taker’ states, 49 n.60; grain production, 341; health care, 142; hegemony, 29, 59; undermined by urban warfare, 154, 157, 159, 163; waning of, 35; highway construction, 327 n.116; highway system, 14; Identity dominance, 126; info-psych-military concern, 71; infrastructural war champ, 271, 274, 276–78, 280, 286, 297; intolerance of, 178; vs Iraqi civilians, 30; Iraq war, 275–84, ‘bomb now die later’, 279–80; and Israel, 184, 193–95, 228–62 passim, 285: assassination raids, 248–50, catalyze Islamic extremism, 262, different threats to, 262, economic aid to, 230–31, helps invade Iraq, 229–30, 232, 238–41, 243, 248, new geometry of occupation, 251–52, non-lethal weapons, 244–46, urban warfare lessons, 228–30, 233–34, 246; Israel Homeland Security Foundation Act, 256; and Mexico border, xxiii, 22, 217 n.109, 250, 258, 372; military and Hollywood, 69; military police, 98–99; national identity threats, xx; NSA, 141–42; policing of protest, 123; Posse Comitas act, 21 n.88; prison population, 7, 109–10, 111; RESTORE Act, 141; rural soldiers of, 61; security precedent of, 134; social polarization, 7; suburban nation, 79–80; superpower no longer, 313; SUV and imperialism, 304, 306, 318; SUV popularity, 315; SWAT, 23; trade vs security, 134–35; urban archipelago, 50, 51, 52; urban military focus, 20–22; urban warfare training, xvi.


pages: 205 words: 18,208

The Transparent Society: Will Technology Force Us to Choose Between Privacy and Freedom? by David Brin

affirmative action, airport security, Ayatollah Khomeini, clean water, cognitive dissonance, corporate governance, data acquisition, death of newspapers, Extropian, Howard Rheingold, illegal immigration, informal economy, information asymmetry, Iridium satellite, Jaron Lanier, John Markoff, John von Neumann, Kevin Kelly, Marshall McLuhan, means of production, mutually assured destruction, offshore financial centre, open economy, packet switching, pattern recognition, pirate software, placebo effect, plutocrats, Plutocrats, prediction markets, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, Robert Bork, Saturday Night Live, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, telepresence, trade route, Vannevar Bush, Vernor Vinge, Whole Earth Catalog, Whole Earth Review, Yogi Berra, zero-sum game, Zimmermann PGP

Yet requiring citizens to “assume the risk” of observation by whatever technology the government can command raises serious questions. For instance, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory reportedly developed a millimeter-wave imager that “sees” through textiles but is blocked by metal, plastic, and skin. From across a room it can produce a remarkably detailed nude picture of an oblivious, fully clothed person. Airport security might be a potential application if this device is introduced, especially as criminals and terrorists continue to develop plastic weapons that escape discovery by todayʼs metal detectors. And yet, questions abound. Will a bashful public demand separate aisles for men and women? Or that all operators be elderly ladies? If this technology leads to “Xray spectacles,” straight out of adolescent fantasy, will citizens develop an intense interest in metallized undergarments?

All these capabilities lie within technological reach (and some have already been used in Switzerland). The deputy director in charge of the FBIʼs New York City office said, “The privacy people say we shouldnʼt have this information, but the notion that we in law enforcement should not be able to take advantage of the technology is a crazy notion.” • Upon learning that a complete tutorial on bomb making is available online, including diagrams and tips for passing though airport security, Senator Dianne Feinstein declared, “When technology allows for bombmaking material over computers to millions of people in a matter of seconds, I believe that some restrictions on free speech are appropriate.” • Or take this comment made by former FBI deputy director for investigations, Oliver “Buck” Revel: “If we are unsuccessful in preventing significant acts of terrorism because of a failure to take prudent precautions, the ensuing public demand for action could result in Draconian measures.”


pages: 560 words: 158,238

Fifty Degrees Below by Kim Stanley Robinson

airport security, bioinformatics, Burning Man, clean water, Donner party, full employment, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, iterative process, means of production, minimum wage unemployment, North Sea oil, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Richard Feynman, statistical model, Stephen Hawking, the scientific method

They shifted into the lee of the tent, bumping against each other as the tree swayed. “It’s like being on a train.” “Or a ship.” “Yes, I suppose so.” They huddled together. Frank felt too strange to kiss; he was distracted, and it was hard to get used to the presence of someone else in his tree house. “Um—do you think you could show me what you mean about the chips?” She dug in her jacket pocket, took out a short metal wand, like the devices used by airport security. “Do you have some light?” “Sure,” he said, and clicked on the Coleman lamp. The lit circle on the plywood floor gleamed under them, ruining their night vision. The wind hooted and moaned. She had him bring his belongings to her one by one. Sometimes she would get a beep as she passed the wand over them, and these she put to one side. Clock, lightweight sleeping bag, some of the clothes, even the little stove.

“Because I think there’s someone watching us.” “Oh my God.” “Don’t try to look. Here, I’ve got the scanner you gave me.” He thought it over, images of one scenario then another. “Would he have other people helping him?” “Not for this,” she said. “I don’t think so anyway. Not unless he figured out that I copied the vote program.” “Shit. Let’s check you right here, okay?” “Sure.” He pulled the wand from his pocket, so much like an airport security device. Bar codes in the body. He ran it over her. When he had it against the top of her back it beeped. “Shit,” she said under her breath. She whipped off her jacket, laid it on the ground, ran the wand over it. It beeped again. “God damn it.” “At least it isn’t in your skin.” “Yeah well.” “You checked before you left your place?” “Yes I did, and there wasn’t anything. I wonder if there’s something about me leaving the house.


pages: 598 words: 134,339

Data and Goliath: The Hidden Battles to Collect Your Data and Control Your World by Bruce Schneier

23andMe, Airbnb, airport security, AltaVista, Anne Wojcicki, augmented reality, Benjamin Mako Hill, Black Swan, Boris Johnson, Brewster Kahle, Brian Krebs, call centre, Cass Sunstein, Chelsea Manning, citizen journalism, cloud computing, congestion charging, disintermediation, drone strike, Edward Snowden, experimental subject, failed state, fault tolerance, Ferguson, Missouri, Filter Bubble, Firefox, friendly fire, Google Chrome, Google Glasses, hindsight bias, informal economy, Internet Archive, Internet of things, Jacob Appelbaum, Jaron Lanier, John Markoff, Julian Assange, Kevin Kelly, license plate recognition, lifelogging, linked data, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, moral panic, Nash equilibrium, Nate Silver, national security letter, Network effects, Occupy movement, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, payday loans, pre–internet, price discrimination, profit motive, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, recommendation engine, RFID, Ross Ulbricht, self-driving car, Shoshana Zuboff, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, smart grid, Snapchat, social graph, software as a service, South China Sea, stealth mode startup, Steven Levy, Stuxnet, TaskRabbit, telemarketer, Tim Cook: Apple, transaction costs, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, undersea cable, urban planning, WikiLeaks, zero day

George Washington University law professor Daniel Solove calls the situation Kafkaesque. So much of this data is collected and used in secret, and we have no right to refute or even see the evidence against us. This will intensify as systems start using surveillance data to make decisions automatically. Surveillance data has been used to justify numerous penalties, from subjecting people to more intensive airport security to deporting them. In 2012, before his Los Angeles vacation, 26-year-old Irishman Leigh Van Bryan tweeted, “Free this week, for quick gossip/prep before I go and destroy America.” The US government had been surveilling the entire Twitter feed. Agents picked up Bryan’s message, correlated it with airplane passenger lists, and were waiting for him at the border when he arrived from Ireland. His comment wasn’t serious, but he was questioned for five hours and then sent back home.

You are already familiar with this; just think of all the irrelevant advertisements you’ve been shown on the Internet, on the basis of some algorithm misinterpreting your interests. For some people, that’s okay; for others, there’s low-level psychological harm from being categorized, whether correctly or incorrectly. The opportunity for harm rises as the judging becomes more important: our credit ratings depend on algorithms; how we’re treated at airport security depends partly on corporate-collected data. There are chilling effects as well. For example, people are refraining from looking up information about diseases they might have because they’re afraid their insurance companies will drop them. It’s true that a lot of corporate profiling starts from good intentions. Some people might be denied a bank loan because of their deadbeat Facebook friends, but Lenddo’s system is designed to enable banks to give loans to people without credit ratings.


pages: 553 words: 151,139

The Teeth of the Tiger by Tom Clancy

airport security, centralized clearinghouse, complexity theory, forensic accounting, illegal immigration, Occam's razor, sensible shoes

Nothing to hang a hat on. Three names, but no photos, and any bonehead can get ID in a new name." Even popular novels told people how to do it. You didn't even need all that much patience, because no state in the union cross-referenced birth and death certificates, which would have been an easy thing, even for government bureaucrats to accomplish. "So, what happens?" Davis shrugged. "The usual. Airport security people will get another notice to stay awake; and so, they'll hassle more innocent people to make sure nobody tries to hijack an airliner. Cops all over will look for suspicious cars, but that'll mostly mean that people driving erratically get pulled over. There's been too much wolf-crying. Even the police have trouble taking it seriously, Gerry, and who can blame them?" "So, all of our defenses are neutralized-by us?"

The former senator read the traffic for a minute or so and handed it all back. In a moment, he knew he'd seen most of it before. "So?" "So, this time they may be right, boss. I've been keeping an eye on the background stuff. The thing is, we have a combination of reduced message traffic from known players, and then this flies over the transom. I spent my life in DIA looking at coincidences. This here's one of them." "Okay, what are they doing about it?" "Airport security is going to be a little tighter starting today. The FBI is going to set people at some departure gates." "Nothing on TV about it?" "Well, the boys and girls at Homeland Security may have gotten a little smarter about advertising. It's counterproductive. You don't catch a rat by shouting at him. You do it by showing him what he wants to see, and then breaking his goddamned neck." Or maybe by having a cat spring on him unexpectedly, Hendley didn't say.


Life of the Party: Stories of a Perpetual Man-Child by Bert Kreischer

airport security, blood diamonds, pre–internet, Saturday Night Live

Someone referred to Cheese as “Cheese” one too many times. “It’s Chris, guys,” he said. “I’m forty years old and I don’t want to be called Cheese anymore.” It was a moment of honesty, a moment of assertion for a guy we had tormented for half our lives. We left that night and promised to hang out the next time I was in Denver. I went back to my hotel to pack for an early flight to L.A. The next morning, while waiting to go through airport security, I heard a familiar voice. “Yo Bert!” I turned and saw Siminson, dressed like a businessman and a father on his way to work, a grown-up in a collared shirt and khakis, rolling a carry-on bag. “I was wondering if I was going to see you at the airport today,” he said. We talked for a bit about how great it was to hang out and catch up, all these years later, then said good-bye again and made our way to our respective terminals.


pages: 181 words: 62,775

Half Empty by David Rakoff

airport security, Buckminster Fuller, dark matter, double helix, global pandemic, Google Earth, phenotype, RFID, twin studies, urban planning, urban renewal, wage slave, Wall-E, Y2K

An old quip springs to mind about people who used to marvel at the remarkable spryness of the aged Katharine Hepburn, saying, “I hope I look that good when I’m ninety.” To which one need only point out that, unless one was a marble-featured, lithe beauty who looked like her in The Philadelphia Story now, the odds were slim to none. I fly back to New York to see more doctors and get the apartment ready for one-armed living, although I haven’t a clue what that means. Airport security is a scary affair in what it bodes. The simple act of discarding the metal from my pockets has me panic that I am holding folks up. I cheat and use my left arm for the first time in days. Undoubtedly there will be special lines for people like me, but I can’t get rid of the dark visions of being victimized. Not by society or anything of that nature. (I promise not to feel alienated when fashion spreads in magazines refuse to run photos of amputees.


pages: 201 words: 62,452

Calypso by David Sedaris

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airport security, Donald Trump, lateral thinking, Maui Hawaii, obamacare

When visitors leave, I feel like an actor watching the audience file out of the theater, and it was no different with my sisters. The show over, Hugh and I returned to lesser versions of ourselves. We’re not a horrible couple, but we have our share of fights, the type that can start with a misplaced sock and suddenly be about everything. “I haven’t liked you since 2002,” he hissed during a recent argument over which airport security line was moving the fastest. This didn’t hurt me so much as confuse me. “What happened in 2002?” I asked. On the plane, he apologized, and a few weeks later, when I brought it up over dinner, he claimed to have no memory of it. That’s one of Hugh’s many outstanding qualities: he doesn’t hold on to things. Another is that he’s very good to old people, a group that in the not-too-distant future will include me.


pages: 223 words: 60,909

Technically Wrong: Sexist Apps, Biased Algorithms, and Other Threats of Toxic Tech by Sara Wachter-Boettcher

Airbnb, airport security, AltaVista, big data - Walmart - Pop Tarts, Donald Trump, Ferguson, Missouri, Firefox, Grace Hopper, job automation, Kickstarter, lifelogging, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, natural language processing, pattern recognition, Peter Thiel, recommendation engine, ride hailing / ride sharing, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Snapchat, Steve Jobs, Tim Cook: Apple, Travis Kalanick, upwardly mobile, women in the workforce, zero-sum game

But regardless of what the census says, US culture certainly doesn’t consider most people of Latin American descent white—so, as a result, millions of people were not just confused, but also not accurately represented. A similar problem exists for people of North African or Middle Eastern origin: the census said they should mark themselves as White. (I’m sure they feel really “white” whenever they’re being “randomly selected” for secondary screening at airport security.) Then you have the 7 percent of Americans who identify as multiple races.7 Up until 2000, the US Census didn’t really account for them at all. But after hearing from many multiracial people, the Census Bureau decided to allow respondents to check more than one box for this question. Online forms rarely take this approach, though. Instead, you’ll see lots of forms where you can select only one response for race.


pages: 145 words: 40,897

Gamification by Design: Implementing Game Mechanics in Web and Mobile Apps by Gabe Zichermann, Christopher Cunningham

airport security, future of work, game design, lateral thinking, minimum viable product, pattern recognition, Ruby on Rails, social graph, social web, urban planning, web application

If you begin with a strong and compelling base design, you will find there is no downside to setting aside the elder game until you need it. Beating the Boss Level When United Airlines’ Mileage Plus frequent-flyer program began in the 1980s, it wasn’t conceived that players would ever reach the million-mile flown mark. After all, a million miles is the equivalent of more than 2,000 hours (or a full-time work year) spent in a moving plane, not counting any travel, airport, security, boarding, taxiing, or deplaning time. So, when the first players began reaching that milestone, United pieced together a Million Miler level with lifetime benefits. At first the level was informal, but it was formalized in the 1990s when United discovered that after those players passed one million miles, they tended to reduce or stop playing altogether. Their best, most loyal players simply leveled out of the game.


pages: 178 words: 61,242

One Day We'll All Be Dead and None of This Will Matter by Scaachi Koul

affirmative action, airport security, feminist movement

Now, I’m either ignored or, if I get loud, framed as the stereotypical hotheaded Indian woman screaming and waving a wooden spoon in the streets. People I’ve worked with—predominantly white women—have told me to “watch my tone” or to be more polite, because a brown woman, any brown woman, can’t be too much of anything. I benefit, and yet I suffer in the same breath: bouncers at bars won’t reject me out of fear of letting an outfit “get too brown,” as has happened to my darker relatives, but airport security will pat me down with extra care, a magazine will hire me to write about Indian issues and nothing else, a boy I like will tell me I’m attractive “for a brown girl.” Someone who doesn’t like my work will call me a sand-nigger in an encrypted email. So it infuriates me that I am relieved for Raisin in this way, that I know her experience of my hometown will be different not only because she’s of a new generation but also because she is passing in a way that none of us ever could.


pages: 234 words: 63,149

Every Nation for Itself: Winners and Losers in a G-Zero World by Ian Bremmer

airport security, banking crisis, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, blood diamonds, Bretton Woods, BRICs, capital controls, clean water, creative destruction, Deng Xiaoping, Doha Development Round, energy security, European colonialism, failed state, global rebalancing, global supply chain, income inequality, informal economy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Julian Assange, Kickstarter, Martin Wolf, mass immigration, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, Nelson Mandela, Nixon shock, nuclear winter, Parag Khanna, purchasing power parity, reserve currency, Ronald Reagan, smart grid, South China Sea, sovereign wealth fund, special economic zone, Stuxnet, trade route, uranium enrichment, Washington Consensus, WikiLeaks, Yom Kippur War

In years to come, we can expect a spike in both political pressure on China from the governments of other developing states and angry demonstrations targeted at Chinese workers living in other countries. STANDARDS Why do we care about international standards? Because when the rules of the game are simple, uniform, and universally accepted, trade in ideas, information, goods, and services costs less and produces less conflict. But in a G-Zero world, who decides how to make ports and airports secure? Who sets international technical standards, and why do they matter? Who decides how a cell phone works, how the World Wide Web will develop, and how all those communications-enabled consumer products flying from factories in one country to families in another are made safe? Ironically, the international standard that emerging-market governments complain about most is the one most likely to survive the G-Zero.


pages: 233 words: 64,479

The Big Shift: Navigating the New Stage Beyond Midlife by Marc Freedman

airport security, Berlin Wall, David Brooks, follow your passion, illegal immigration, Isaac Newton, longitudinal study, McMansion, RAND corporation, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, transcontinental railway, working poor, working-age population

Soon, however, to my surprise, liberation was replacing disappointment. The lightness reminded me of research findings suggesting one of life’s great joys was not taking a big vacation after the pleasures of anticipating one. Planning a trip, basking in the possibilities, experiencing the entire journey in one’s mind—those were the fun parts. Lugging bags, dealing with surly employees, battling airport security, spending more money than budgeted, and eventually returning home exhausted and confronting a pile of mail and accumulated obligations—in other words, taking the actual vacation—were much less enjoyable. The perfect combination, at least according to this research, turns out to be planning fantastic adventures and then bailing out at the last minute. Yet, research notwithstanding, I still wanted to get away and clear my head.


pages: 235 words: 64,858

Sexual Intelligence: What We Really Want From Sex and How to Get It by Marty Klein

airport security, Albert Einstein, do-ocracy, invention of the wheel, Silicon Valley

That was way more important than teaching him a new position or getting her to wear lingerie. Trust I see a lot of men and women who tell me they have “trust issues.” I tell them, “Ah, so you’re uncomfortable trusting.” I like that formulation better—it’s easier to change a “discomfort” than an “issue.” “Trust issues” sounds soooooo serious—who could be optimistic about changing that? Besides, “trust issues” sounds like the problem is external, like being hit by a bus, or having airport security mistake you for a terrorist. “I feel uncomfortable trusting” pulls the problem down to a human scale that can actually be changed. There are many things you need to trust during sex: that pleasure is safe and appropriate; that eroticism won’t get out of control in a destructive way; that you can connect with someone without being exploited; that your partner is telling the truth when he or she expresses desire, arousal, or satisfaction with you.


The Techno-Human Condition by Braden R. Allenby, Daniel R. Sarewitz

airport security, augmented reality, carbon footprint, clean water, cognitive dissonance, coherent worldview, conceptual framework, creative destruction, Credit Default Swap, decarbonisation, different worldview, facts on the ground, friendly fire, industrial cluster, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Jane Jacobs, land tenure, life extension, Long Term Capital Management, market fundamentalism, mutually assured destruction, nuclear winter, Peter Singer: altruism, planetary scale, prediction markets, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ray Kurzweil, Silicon Valley, smart grid, source of truth, stem cell, Stewart Brand, technoutopianism, the built environment, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transcontinental railway, Whole Earth Catalog

Level I: Military effectiveness Implications for action Goals and technology align; therefore adopt technology Implement techno 1ogy, but technology alone may not lead to achievement of stated goal Level I and Level III implications potentially in fundamental conflict as effective Level I military technology dramatically alters all elements of society in unpredictable ways (e.g., language undermined; privacy of thought eliminated) 148 Chapter 7 But if I can build a helmet that knows what you are thinking, I can eventually build devices that can read your thoughts from a distance; and if I can do that, I can know your thoughts without your knowing that they are being read. From a Level II perspective, this capacity could offer important benefits, for example, airport security. Yet knowing what people are thinking is hardly tantamount to knowing what they are intending to do. If telepathic technologies were to replace, for example, the judgment of well-trained security personnel, would the result be better security? As for Level III effects, consider what a telepathic helmet will communicate: not just nouns and verbs, but also images, and moving pictures, and fragments of sound, and perhaps olfactory and tactile memories and even emotional overtones and feelings.


pages: 244 words: 66,977

Subscribed: Why the Subscription Model Will Be Your Company's Future - and What to Do About It by Tien Tzuo, Gabe Weisert

3D printing, Airbnb, airport security, Amazon Web Services, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, blockchain, Build a better mousetrap, business cycle, business intelligence, business process, call centre, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, connected car, death of newspapers, digital twin, double entry bookkeeping, Elon Musk, factory automation, fiat currency, Internet of things, inventory management, iterative process, Jeff Bezos, Kevin Kelly, Lean Startup, Lyft, manufacturing employment, minimum viable product, natural language processing, Network effects, Nicholas Carr, nuclear winter, pets.com, profit maximization, race to the bottom, ride hailing / ride sharing, Sand Hill Road, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, skunkworks, smart meter, social graph, software as a service, spice trade, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, subscription business, Tim Cook: Apple, transport as a service, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, Y2K, Zipcar

By diversifying its service line and focusing on cross-selling to its devoted base, New Relic not only is increasing earnings per customer and thus overall revenue, but is also poised to grab a larger market share of the global IT management tools market. LAUNCH INTO A NEW SEGMENT If your subscription service is designed right, it can go anywhere. It can be universal. The CLEAR expedited airport security service, for example, started off with business travelers, then began selling to families, and from families it started approaching larger organizations about corporate plans. Lots of SaaS companies start off selling to SMB (small to medium-size businesses) before they push into the enterprise. By the way, SMB sales versus enterprise sales could be another way to consider segmenting your sales team.


pages: 208 words: 65,733

This Is Going to Hurt: Secret Diaries of a Junior Doctor - the Sunday Times Bestseller by Adam Kay

airport security, butterfly effect, post-work, Skype

Apparently there had been a limited trend for this, performed by tattoo artists and intended to give the recipient an ‘extra sense’ – an other-worldly awareness of metal objects around them, like a kind of vibrating aura (her words) or a slightly low-rent X-Man (my words). Her sales pitch needs work, to be honest. It turned out not to be the mystical, ethereal experience she had been looking for, but a regal pain in the arse – she tells me it’s become infected a number of times and going through airport security is now a living hell. I briefly toy with asking her to brush past my colleague Cormac to either confirm or refute the rumour that he has a Prince Albert,* but she says the implant has recently become either dislodged or demagnetized and she now barely feels a thing, except for a lump in her finger. She wants to have the magnet removed, in fact, but the scar tissue that will have formed around it makes it a slightly involved operation, and one not covered on the NHS.


pages: 246 words: 70,404

Come and Take It: The Gun Printer's Guide to Thinking Free by Cody Wilson

3D printing, 4chan, active measures, Airbnb, airport security, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, assortative mating, bitcoin, Chelsea Manning, disintermediation, fiat currency, Google Glasses, gun show loophole, jimmy wales, lifelogging, Mason jar, means of production, Menlo Park, Minecraft, national security letter, New Urbanism, peer-to-peer, Peter Thiel, Richard Stallman, ride hailing / ride sharing, Skype, thinkpad, WikiLeaks, working poor

“Well, even then we’re not home free.” I sighed, and leaned back on the couch. “There’s still the problem of the Undetectable Firearms Act.” “Never heard of it.” “It’s a long story.” I gave him the condensed version of what I’d picked up while researching the law. “So, back in the day, the Washington Post ran an article about the new Glocks and how Gaddafi was buying them up to get his spooks through US airport security. Plastic pistols. Handgun Control Inc. makes the Glock its first big issue. They lobby Congress to ban the Glock as a setup for wide-scale handgun bans.” “But Glocks aren’t plastic,” Mike said. “Yeah, full of gunmetal, everyone involved knows it. But the NRA gives the issue up. The HCI bill doesn’t affect industry or the public. Nobody makes a gun with less than seven ounces of steel, so why not ban guns with less than seven ounces of steel?


pages: 208 words: 69,863

Assassination Vacation by Sarah Vowell

airport security, Bob Geldof, City Beautiful movement, desegregation, Frank Gehry, gun show loophole, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, Upton Sinclair, white picket fence

Hall, and David Winfred Gaddy make a convincing case that John Wilkes Booth was a member of the Confederate Secret Service throughout the Civil War. Booth claimed to have been running messages and medicine across the lines for years, often traveling to and from Canada to confer with Confederate spooks up there. Booth was able to do this, to move freely between North and South, because he was a nationally famous actor, just as movie stars today get whisked through airport security while the rest of us stand in long lines taking off our shoes. The Confederates were shrewd to take advantage of Booth’s fame. There is a lesson here for the terrorists of the world: if they really want to get ahead, they should put less energy into training illiterate ten-year-olds how to fire Kalashnikovs and start recruiting celebrities like George Clooney. I bet nobody’s inspected that man’s luggage since the second season of ER.


pages: 223 words: 72,425

Puzzling People: The Labyrinth of the Psychopath by Thomas Sheridan

airport security, carbon footprint, corporate governance, double helix, Haight Ashbury, Kickstarter, Mahatma Gandhi, Milgram experiment, quantitative easing, Rosa Parks, Ted Kaczynski

Most of us are not even aware this is going on, and we take the proclamations concerning increased security and intrusion into our personal lives as being ‘good for us.’ How did humans ever survive in the past without all this security and control? While we become absorbed in the latest episodes of Dancing with the Stars and Sex and the City, our phone calls were monitored, our rubbish bins were being examined, and our naked bodies were being leered at by slack-jawed halfwits on airport security monitors. Services such as Rapleaf store and sell every type of possible data about all of us, gathered from various public databases and by tracking our movements around the web via social networking sites. It is no longer only celebrities who are followed by services such as JustSpotted.com – an application which provides real-time encounters with celebrities ‘in the wild.’ When Gawker.com came out with its Gawker Stalker tool in 2006, there was superficial pundit revulsion at the invasion of privacy it represented.


pages: 211 words: 66,203

Life Will Be the Death of Me: ...And You Too! by Chelsea Handler

airport security, Burning Man, Donald Trump, forensic accounting, impulse control, Silicon Valley, Snapchat, zero-sum game

How do we do that? I’m spoiled and I’m entitled. I’d like to dial that all back.” “Tell me what you mean, exactly.” “If something takes too long, I just move on. I lose interest. I can’t deal with electronics or technology or people who work in airports. Basically, anything that takes too long. If there is a line at a magazine store in an airport, I’ll just wave twenty dollars up in the air so the airport security cameras catch it and then I’ll place it near the register and walk out with whatever item I’ve taken. I can’t deal with the slowness of the transaction. It drives me up a fucking wall.” “Well, that is spoiled,” Dan told me. “Isn’t that more entitled?” I asked him. “A black person wouldn’t feel comfortable doing that.” “I’ve never heard of anyone doing that,” Dan told me. “By the way, that’s empathy.”


pages: 1,318 words: 403,894

Reamde by Neal Stephenson

air freight, airport security, crowdsourcing, digital map, drone strike, Google Earth, industrial robot, informal economy, Jones Act, large denomination, megacity, MITM: man-in-the-middle, new economy, pattern recognition, Ponzi scheme, pre–internet, ransomware, side project, Skype, slashdot, South China Sea, the built environment, the scientific method, young professional

They were representations of actual human forms that had been picked up by airport security cameras as they walked the wrong way into airport concourses. In reality, of course, this happened so rarely that testing the system was well-nigh impossible, and so they ran drills, several times a day, in which uniformed, badged TSA employees would present themselves at the exit and show credentials to the bored guard and then walk upstream into the concourse. In exactly 100 percent of all such cases, some T’Rain player, somewhere in the world (almost always a gold farmer in China) would instantly raise the Horn of Vigilance to his virtual lips and blow a mighty blast and rush out to confront the corresponding one-way goblin: an event that, through some artful cross-wiring between Corporation 9592’s servers and the airport security systems, would cause red lights to flash and horns to sound and doors to automatically lock at the airport in question.

In an evening of random questing around the imaginary world that D-squared and Skeletor had created, Richard could fire more neurons than Einstein had used while coming up with the idea of general relativity. Certainly way more neurons than the average supermarket checkout clerk or private security guard fired during an eight-hour shift. And the power of the Internet ought to make all that neural activity reswitchable; you should be able to patch it all together so that it would work. Around this time there was an airport security scare in which some fuckwit entered a concourse by walking upstream through an exit portal, bypassing the security checkpoint. As always happened in such cases, the entire airport had to be shut down. Planes waiting for takeoff had to taxi back to gates and unload all passengers and baggage. All the passengers had to be ejected from the sterile side of the airport and then turn around and pass through security again.

There was no need at all to have human players in the loop. They should just spin out the pattern-recognition part of it as a separate business. Richard understood and acknowledged all of this—and did not care. “Did you, or did you not, tell me that this was all marketing? What part of your own statement did you not understand?” The purpose of the exercise was not really to build a rational, efficient airport security system. It was, rather (to use yet another of those portentous phrases cribbed from the math world), an existence proof. Once it was up and running, they could point to it and to its 100 percent success rate as vindicating the premise of APPIS, which was that real-world problems—especially problems that were difficult to solve because of hard-wired deficiencies of the human neurological system, such as the tendency to become bored when given a terrible job—could be tackled by metaphrasing them into Medieval Armed Combat scenarios, and then (here brandishing two searingly hip terms from high tech) putting them out on the cloud so that they could be crowdsourced.


pages: 624 words: 189,582

The Black Banners: The Inside Story of 9/11 and the War Against Al-Qaeda by Ali H. Soufan, Daniel Freedman

airport security, Ayatollah Khomeini, call centre, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, Ronald Reagan

We had equipment, supplies, and vehicles that we wanted to unload from the plane; the Yemenis, at the same time, wanted to inspect and approve everything that came off. They wrote down every detail, right down to the serial numbers of our weapons. We were stiff and exhausted from the long and uncomfortable flight and had little patience for all this red tape. The airport was also swarming with Yemeni officials: all of the different national and local law enforcement, intelligence, and military agencies were represented. There were airport security personnel; the military; the ministry of the interior’s internal security force; the intelligence service, called the Political Security Organization (PSO); the regular police; and Aden security services. It appeared that none had ultimate jurisdiction and that all intended to monitor us. Overlapping jurisdictions and blurred boundaries between security agencies are deliberate in some countries.

He had such a reassuring presence, and those who worked for him knew he would do anything he could to support his agents. Still, I was skeptical despite John’s reassurance; knowing as I did both Ambassador Bodine’s personality and John’s, I guessed that the two would clash. Because of the rapport I had developed with the Yemenis at the airport, and because of John’s status as a “general,” we passed easily through airport security to the waiting escort. I pointed out to John the Binladin construction site with the big billboard as we passed it. The first thing John did at the Mövenpick was speak to our team. He told them what he told me: that he’d deal with the problems we were having. John’s presence lifted their spirits. Next I took him to see the Cole. The sight of the giant hole on the side, the blood on the floor, the sullen look on sailors’ faces—it was all just as chilling every time I went to the destroyer.


pages: 1,104 words: 302,176

The Rise and Fall of American Growth: The U.S. Standard of Living Since the Civil War (The Princeton Economic History of the Western World) by Robert J. Gordon

"Robert Solow", 3D printing, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airline deregulation, airport security, Apple II, barriers to entry, big-box store, blue-collar work, business cycle, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Charles Lindbergh, clean water, collective bargaining, computer age, creative destruction, deindustrialization, Detroit bankruptcy, discovery of penicillin, Donner party, Downton Abbey, Edward Glaeser, en.wikipedia.org, Erik Brynjolfsson, everywhere but in the productivity statistics, feminist movement, financial innovation, full employment, George Akerlof, germ theory of disease, glass ceiling, high net worth, housing crisis, immigration reform, impulse control, income inequality, income per capita, indoor plumbing, industrial robot, inflight wifi, interchangeable parts, invention of agriculture, invention of air conditioning, invention of the sewing machine, invention of the telegraph, invention of the telephone, inventory management, James Watt: steam engine, Jeff Bezos, jitney, job automation, John Markoff, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, labor-force participation, Loma Prieta earthquake, Louis Daguerre, Louis Pasteur, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, Mark Zuckerberg, market fragmentation, Mason jar, mass immigration, mass incarceration, McMansion, Menlo Park, minimum wage unemployment, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, new economy, Norbert Wiener, obamacare, occupational segregation, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, payday loans, Peter Thiel, pink-collar, Productivity paradox, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, refrigerator car, rent control, Robert X Cringely, Ronald Coase, school choice, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, Skype, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Pinker, The Market for Lemons, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, Thomas Malthus, total factor productivity, transaction costs, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, undersea cable, Unsafe at Any Speed, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban sprawl, washing machines reduced drudgery, Washington Consensus, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters, working poor, working-age population, Works Progress Administration, yellow journalism, yield management

Compared to the basic ticket price of $400, the $496 represents an unmeasured price increase of 24 percent just between 2008 and 2014. As the final dimension of decline in the quality of airline travel, consider the 200 million hours per year of valuable consumer time wasted in airline security (roughly 600 million U.S. passengers multiplied by twenty minutes per passenger). This represents an annual wasting of time worth about $8 billion. The current system of airport security all over the world represents an overreaction to the September 11, 2001, hijackings. There was only one weakness in the U.S. airline security system on September 11, and this was that the cockpit doors were flimsy. Within days, they were replaced by completely secure doors that nobody could break through. Although the security issue was completely solved within a week, fourteen years later billions of dollars per year of passenger time continues to be wasted in unnecessary additional security precautions.

Though after 1970 automobiles did not change in their ability to move passengers and their cargo from points A to point B at a given speed, there was a steady increase in the quality of the automobiles making those journeys, thanks not only to safety devices but also to convenience and comfort items such as automatic transmission and air conditioning, as well as improved fuel economy. Our treatment of airline travel finds little improvement after 1970, a year when the conversion from piston to jet planes was complete. Along most dimensions, particularly seating comfort, meal service, and airport security, the quality of the air travel experience declined after 1970. Despite the promise of deregulation in 1978, the reduction in the relative price of air travel per mile flown was substantially slower during 1980–2000 than in 1950–80 and has been even slower than that since 2000. Just as automobile fatality rates have experienced a steady decline with no hiatus after 1970, so too have airline fatality rates, which since 2006 have fallen close to zero thanks to better aircraft and engine design, improved air traffic control, and shifts in maintenance procedures.

See blacks age: discrimination by, 519; labor force participation by, 32–34; population by (1870), 32 Agricultural Extension Service, 312 agriculture: in 1870, 40, 60, 248; after 1940, 500–501; decline of, 553–54; governmental intervention in, 312; Harrison Act financing of land for, 300; occupational transformations in, 249; workforce in, 52–56; work of American farmer, 261–66, 286 AIDS, 471–72 air conditioning: in automobiles, 382; in houses, 361–62, 372, 525, 583; life expectancy and, 485; migration to sun belt and, 502; predicting, 592 air pollution, 219; automotive regulation on, 382–83, 392; health and, 473–74 airport security, 406 air travel, 171, 375, 393–400, 408, 581; airline revenues, 377–78; big data used in, 597–98; computers used for, 449; cost of, 401–5; decline in quality of, 405–7, 525 alcoholic drinks, 71; adulteration of, 220; Prohibition ban on, 313–14 Alexopoulos, Michell, 556–57, 564–65 Allen, Paul, 452, 572 Allstate, 309 Altair computers, 452 Alzheimer’s disease, 465, 483–84 Amazon (firm), 443, 457–58, 579; robots used by, 596 American Airlines, 396, 404, 449 The American Commonwealth (Bryce), 28–29, 104 American exceptionalism, 245–46 American manufacturing system, 561–62 Amos ‘n’ Andy (radio program), 195 Anderson, Walter, 167 anesthesia, 232 antibiotics, 324, 465–67 antiseptics, 228 Appert, Nicholas, 72 Apple Computer, 452; iPhone by, 577 appliances, 356–63, 372; credit used for purchases of, 298–300; effect on labor force of, 499; electrification for, 115–22; housework unchanged by, 278 Armant, Thomas, 198 Armstrong, George, 47–48 ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency network), 453 ART (antiretroviral therapy), 471 artificial intelligence, 594, 597–99 assembly line, 11, 557, 576 Associated Press, 179 AT&T (Bell System): Bell Labs of, 572; breakup of, 577; coaxial cable system built by, 416; Direct Distance Dialing introduced by, 429–30; telephone service by, 183–84, 204; Traffic Service Position System of, 430 Australia, 648 automated teller machines (ATMs), 450, 459, 578, 596; impact of, 583 automatic transmissions, 381–82 automation, impact on employment of, 615 automobile industry: assembly line introduced for production in, 557; post-World War II production of, 379; robots used in, 594–95; wages in, 617–18 automobiles, 169–71, 374–76; after 1970, 525; accidental deaths caused by, 474–75; arrival of, 11, 149–52; Benz’s invention of engine for, 129; decline of public transit and, 149; diffusion of, 114–15, 130, 367, 376–77; doctors’ use of, 225, 234; drive-in movie theaters and, 420; driverless cars, 599–601; early acceptance of (1906–1940), 152–57; effects of transition to, 165–68; on farms and in small towns, 163–65; fast food restaurants and, 344; fatal accidents involving, 239–40; financing of, 297–98, 303; food consumption tied to, 76; fuel economy, safety, and reliability of, 383–89; horsepower of, 558–59; horses and public transit replaced by, 159–63; improvements in, 379–83, 407; insurance for, 308–9, 317; Interstate Highway System for, 389–93; paved roads for, 157–59; radio in, 421; regulation of, 314; suburbs dependent upon, 364–66, 370 Autor, David, 595, 600, 614 Aveling, Eleanor Marx and Edward, 268 baby boom generation, 15, 499; education of, 513; housing demands of, 371–72; retirement among, 23, 515, 517, 518, 576, 607, 628, 629; women among, 507–8 Baily, Martin, 586 Bakker, Gerben, 172 Ball, Lucille, 410, 417 Bank Americard (Visa), 450 banking: cash and checks in, 295; computers used for, 449–50; consumer credit and, 296–300; Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation for, 315; impact of technology on, 582–83; mortgage financing and, 300–303 barcodes, 451 Bardeen, John, 430 bathrooms, 125, 127 batteries, 182; radios powered by, 194 Baumol, William, 570 Baumol’s disease, 13, 173–74, 186 Baxter (robot), 595 Beaudry, Paul, 623, 626 Bebchuk, Lucian, 619 Becker, Gary, 9, 207, 242, 247 Beebe, Lucius, 141 beer, 220 Bell, Alexander Graham, 21, 173, 181–82, 187, 204, 574 Bellevue Hospital (New York), 228 Bell Labs, 430, 571, 572 Bell System (AT&T).


pages: 291 words: 77,596

Total Recall: How the E-Memory Revolution Will Change Everything by Gordon Bell, Jim Gemmell

airport security, Albert Einstein, book scanning, cloud computing, conceptual framework, Douglas Engelbart, full text search, information retrieval, invention of writing, inventory management, Isaac Newton, John Markoff, lifelogging, Menlo Park, optical character recognition, pattern recognition, performance metric, RAND corporation, RFID, semantic web, Silicon Valley, Skype, social web, statistical model, Stephen Hawking, Steve Ballmer, Ted Nelson, telepresence, Turing test, Vannevar Bush, web application

I hate getting home from the grocery store, looking up at that burned-out lightbulb, and realizing that I forgot—again!—to buy a replacement. Once I left my notebook computer containing most of my e-memory on the security table at San Francisco International Airport. I dashed back, my heart racing dangerously, wondering if someone had walked off with a digital copy of my life. Thankfully, it was still there. Then I forgot the computer again at the Dulles Airport security, and didn’t realize my mistake until I had boarded the plane and it was too late to go back. I managed to have it over nighted to me for $150, and all I could think was that I would gladly have paid many times that amount to ensure no one else had my data. More than a half million of my fellow Americans also left their computers at checkpoints in 2008. A busy person may be plagued by absentmindedness, simply because he has a lot on his mind.


pages: 220 words: 75,651

The Lunatic Express by Carl Hoffman

airport security, low cost airline, Mercator projection, out of africa, Rubik’s Cube

wrote an Indian, when I posted a query about safety and logistics on the guidebook’s Thorn Tree bulletin board. “You must not take the bus,” said a taxi driver. “The train.” I wasn’t too worried, though. As a native Washingtonian who felt quite safe when D.C. had the highest murder rate in the U.S., it never surprised me whenever the alleged horrors of a place failed to materialize. Still, I liked to be prepared. Airport security in Kolkata had taken away the knife I’d had since Colombia; I bought a razor-sharp, handmade one from a vendor on the street and had a tailor at an open-fronted shop the size of a telephone booth sew me a sheath that I could strap to my leg. And hailed a taxi for Babughat, one of Kolkata’s bus terminals. Which, of course, wasn’t a terminal at all, but a chaotic, trash-strewn strip of dirt along the Hooghly River lined with buses, each with a sandwich board advertising a destination.


pages: 274 words: 73,344

Found in Translation: How Language Shapes Our Lives and Transforms the World by Nataly Kelly, Jost Zetzsche

airport security, Berlin Wall, Celtic Tiger, crowdsourcing, Donald Trump, glass ceiling, Machine translation of "The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak." to Russian and back, randomized controlled trial, Ray Kurzweil, Skype, speech recognition, Steve Jobs, the market place

Fly in the Ultimate Comfort In 1977, Braniff International Airways put out an advertisement to promote the leather seats they’d installed in their new first-class cabins. However, the campaign’s slogan, “Fly in leather,” was translated for Spanish-speaking markets as Vuela en cuero. In Spanish, this was equivalent to saying, “Fly naked,” implying a more comfortable flight for some travelers, not to mention a much easier job for airport security screeners. Ice(landic), Ice(landic), Baby When you think of Iceland, what comes to mind? Perhaps you think of Björk or Sigur Rós, some of the country’s musicians who have risen to international fame. Or maybe you call up a mental image of some of its famous glaciers, geysers, and volcanoes, such as Eyjafjallajökull, whose pronunciation stumped news commentators around the world after its infamous eruption in April 2010, which caused nearly a week of delays in air travel across western and northern Europe.


pages: 246 words: 116

Tyler Cowen-Discover Your Inner Economist Use Incentives to Fall in Love, Survive Your Next Meeting, and Motivate Your Dentist-Plume (2008) by Unknown

airport security, Andrei Shleifer, big-box store, British Empire, business cycle, cognitive dissonance, cross-subsidies, fundamental attribution error, George Santayana, haute cuisine, market clearing, microcredit, money market fund, pattern recognition, Ralph Nader, Stephen Hawking, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade route, transaction costs

Felix Oberholzer-Gee, a professor at Harvard Business School, conducted some field experiments about whether a market might develop for places in line. Some economists might think that buying a place in line is a natural thing to do. Some people mind waiting in line more than others. Some of us are simply less patient by temperament. Other times we wish to avoid lines to avoid missing a flight or an important appointment. If the flight leaves in fifteen minutes and the airport security line is long, our temptation is to run to the front of the line, screaming for mercy and perhaps waving a few dollar bills. Yet it turns out to be remarkably hard to buy a better place in line. Oberholzer-Gee and a team of experimenters set out with some money in their pockets. They went to long lines and offered cash payments of up to $10 if they could cut in line, jumping ahead of some of the others.


pages: 317 words: 79,633

Buzz: The Nature and Necessity of Bees by Thor Hanson

airport security, Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, British Empire, Columbine, Honoré de Balzac, if you build it, they will come, Nelson Mandela, new economy, out of africa, wikimedia commons

One study famously shaved off the eye hairs from captive bees and found their navigation skills subsequently impaired in windy conditions (as cited in Winston 1987). Other studies describe no perceptible nerve cells at the base of the hairs and point out that hairs tend to wear off as the bees age with no apparent ill effects (e.g., Phillips 1905). 4 almond reek of potassium cyanide: Returning home from The Bee Course, I experienced a tense moment that must be familiar to entomologists who travel by plane. As I stood in line for airport security, it suddenly occurred to me that I had two kill jars full of potassium cyanide in my carry-on luggage. I felt like a deer in the headlights watching that bag disappear into the X-ray machine … but it passed through without a hitch. I was glad to keep the jars—cyanide is hard to come by. But knowing that my bag contained crudely corked vials of a deadly poison did raise the discomfiting question of what the passengers around me might be carrying!


pages: 296 words: 78,631

Hello World: Being Human in the Age of Algorithms by Hannah Fry

23andMe, 3D printing, Air France Flight 447, Airbnb, airport security, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, Brixton riot, chief data officer, computer vision, crowdsourcing, DARPA: Urban Challenge, Douglas Hofstadter, Elon Musk, Firefox, Google Chrome, Gödel, Escher, Bach, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, John Markoff, Mark Zuckerberg, meta analysis, meta-analysis, pattern recognition, Peter Thiel, RAND corporation, ransomware, recommendation engine, ride hailing / ride sharing, selection bias, self-driving car, Shai Danziger, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Snapchat, speech recognition, Stanislav Petrov, statistical model, Stephen Hawking, Steven Levy, Tesla Model S, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas Bayes, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, web of trust, William Langewiesche

In Berlin, facial recognition algorithms capable of identifying known terrorism suspects are trained on the crowds that pass through railway stations.48 In the United States, these algorithms have led to more than four thousand arrests since 2010 just for fraud and identity theft in the state of New York alone.49 And in the UK, cameras mounted on vehicles that look like souped-up Google StreetView cars now drive around automatically cross-checking our likenesses with a database of wanted people.50 These vans scored their first success in June 2017 after one drove past a man in south Wales where police had a warrant out for his arrest.51 Our safety and security often depend on our ability to identify and recognize faces. But leaving that task in the hands of humans can be risky. Take passport officers, for instance. In one recent study, set to mimic an airport security environment, these professional face recognizers failed to spot a person carrying the wrong ID a staggering 14 per cent of the time – and incorrectly rejected 6 per cent of perfectly valid matches.52 I don’t know about you, but I find those figures more than a little disconcerting when you consider the number of people passing through Heathrow every day. As we shall see, facial recognition algorithms can certainly do better at the task than humans.


Yes Please by Amy Poehler

airport security, Albert Einstein, blood diamonds, carbon footprint, Donald Trump, East Village, Google Hangouts, Pepto Bismol, Saturday Night Live, Skype, the medium is the message

I assumed it had been stolen. Then I had the terrible memory of putting it in a separate tray in the security line. I was tired the morning I flew to San Francisco. I fly a lot, and it can wear you down. I opted out of the X-ray machine, because I was just getting tired of being zapped with rays that nobody could tell me were safe. I mean, if my phone is trying to kill me then that crazy X-ray machine at airport security is a straight-up assassin. I asked for a pat-down. It was nice, actually. A sweet woman and I chatted as she touched me. I didn’t mind. It felt human. She told me she loved me in Baby Mama. I went on my way, but because of the small change in my routine, I had left my laptop at LAX security forty-eight hours before. The first thing I did was cry. Because, see, I had a lot of writing on my laptop that I hadn’t truly backed up, maybe forty or fifty pages.


pages: 242 words: 73,728

Give People Money by Annie Lowrey

"Robert Solow", affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, agricultural Revolution, Airbnb, airport security, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, basic income, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, clean water, collective bargaining, computer age, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, deindustrialization, desegregation, Donald Trump, Edward Glaeser, Elon Musk, ending welfare as we know it, everywhere but in the productivity statistics, full employment, gender pay gap, gig economy, Google Earth, Home mortgage interest deduction, income inequality, indoor plumbing, information asymmetry, Jaron Lanier, jitney, job automation, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, Kickstarter, Kodak vs Instagram, labor-force participation, late capitalism, Lyft, M-Pesa, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, mass incarceration, McMansion, Menlo Park, mobile money, mortgage tax deduction, new economy, obamacare, Peter Thiel, post scarcity, post-work, Potemkin village, precariat, randomized controlled trial, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, Sam Altman, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, single-payer health, Steve Jobs, TaskRabbit, The Future of Employment, theory of mind, total factor productivity, Turing test, two tier labour market, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, universal basic income, uranium enrichment, War on Poverty, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters, women in the workforce, working poor, World Values Survey, Y Combinator

Fruit-picking robots, cancer-screening apps, drones, digital cameras, and driverless cars cannot compete with the transformative power of threshing machines, commercial airliners, antibiotics, refrigerators, and the birth control pill in terms of economic importance. “You can look around you in New York City and the subways are 100-plus years old. You can look around you on an airplane, and it’s little different from 40 years ago—maybe it’s a bit slower because the airport security is low-tech and not working terribly well,” Peter Thiel, a billionaire tech investor and adviser to President Trump, recently mused to Vox. “The screens are everywhere, though. Maybe they’re distracting us from our surroundings.” (He more famously said, “We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters.”) It could also be that our sluggish rate of economic growth has spurred our sluggish rate of innovation.


pages: 266 words: 80,018

The Snowden Files: The Inside Story of the World's Most Wanted Man by Luke Harding

affirmative action, airport security, Anton Chekhov, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, Berlin Wall, Chelsea Manning, don't be evil, drone strike, Edward Snowden, Etonian, Firefox, Google Earth, Jacob Appelbaum, job-hopping, Julian Assange, Khan Academy, kremlinology, Mark Zuckerberg, Maui Hawaii, MITM: man-in-the-middle, national security letter, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, pre–internet, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rolodex, Rubik’s Cube, Silicon Valley, Skype, social graph, Steve Jobs, undersea cable, web application, WikiLeaks

There, ‘someone from the airport staff will be waiting to receive you with a sign labelled G9’. Surely this was some kind of practical joke? ‘The invitation, supposedly from one of the world’s most sought-after people, had a whiff of Cold-War-era spy thriller to it,’ she blogged. She fed her baby with mashed carrots, while juggling calls from the world’s media. It became clear that the invite was genuine. Airport security phoned up and asked for her passport number. Lokshina got on the airport express train; en route, the US embassy rang her up. An American diplomat wanted her to give a message to Snowden. It said that in the opinion of the US government he wasn’t a human rights defender but a law-breaker who had to be held accountable for his crimes. She agreed to pass this message on. At Sheremetyevo, Lokshina spotted the man with the ‘G9’ sign.


pages: 253 words: 75,772

No Place to Hide: Edward Snowden, the NSA, and the U.S. Surveillance State by Glenn Greenwald

airport security, anti-communist, Cass Sunstein, Chelsea Manning, cognitive dissonance, David Brooks, Edward Snowden, Julian Assange, Mark Zuckerberg, Occupy movement, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Rubik’s Cube, Silicon Valley, Skype, Ted Kaczynski, WikiLeaks

The impetus for the study was Americans’ concerns about surveillance by the government: The Watergate scandal, revelations of White House bugging, and Congressional investigations of domestic spying by the Central Intelligence Agency have served to underscore the developing paranoid theme of American life: Big Brother may be watching you! Proposals for national data banks, uses of surveillance helicopters by urban police forces, the presence of observation cameras in banks and supermarkets, and airport security searches of person and property are but some of the signs that our private lives are under such increasing scrutiny. The participants were placed under varying levels of surveillance and asked to give their views on the legalization of marijuana. It turned out that “threatened” subjects—those who were told that their statements would be shared with the police “for training purposes”—were more likely to condemn marijuana usage and to use second- and third-person pronouns (“you,” “they,” “people”) in their language.


pages: 243 words: 77,516

Straight to Hell: True Tales of Deviance, Debauchery, and Billion-Dollar Deals by John Lefevre

airport security, blood diamonds, buy and hold, colonial rule, credit crunch, fixed income, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, high net worth, income inequality, jitney, lateral thinking, market clearing, Occupy movement, Sloane Ranger, the market place

Everyone just stares at their screens in silence, trying not to crack up. “Do you fucktards understand what happened to me? My friend from grade school is getting married. A lot of these guys I haven’t seen in years. They aren’t bankers or Wall Street guys. They’re firefighters, cops, and blue-collar guys. You think they understand this shit?” The gag could not have worked more perfectly. Going through airport security, the gun-shaped spatula set off all kinds of alarms. The TSA agent immediately pulled him aside and asked to inspect the contents of his bag, which of course got no objection on Funaro’s part. The latex-glove-clad agent then started slowly dissecting the sandwich of clothing and hard-core porn, holding each magazine up in the air as if it were radioactive. Meanwhile, the entire bachelor party, having already cleared security, stood there watching this spectacle unfold, asking each other the same questions.


pages: 252 words: 73,131

The Inner Lives of Markets: How People Shape Them—And They Shape Us by Tim Sullivan

"Robert Solow", Airbnb, airport security, Al Roth, Alvin Roth, Andrei Shleifer, attribution theory, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, Brownian motion, business cycle, buy and hold, centralized clearinghouse, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, clean water, conceptual framework, constrained optimization, continuous double auction, creative destruction, deferred acceptance, Donald Trump, Edward Glaeser, experimental subject, first-price auction, framing effect, frictionless, fundamental attribution error, George Akerlof, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, Gunnar Myrdal, helicopter parent, information asymmetry, Internet of things, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, iterative process, Jean Tirole, Jeff Bezos, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, John Nash: game theory, John von Neumann, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Arrow, late fees, linear programming, Lyft, market clearing, market design, market friction, medical residency, multi-sided market, mutually assured destruction, Nash equilibrium, Occupy movement, Pareto efficiency, Paul Samuelson, Peter Thiel, pets.com, pez dispenser, pre–internet, price mechanism, price stability, prisoner's dilemma, profit motive, proxy bid, RAND corporation, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Coase, school choice, school vouchers, sealed-bid auction, second-price auction, second-price sealed-bid, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, spectrum auction, Steve Jobs, Tacoma Narrows Bridge, technoutopianism, telemarketer, The Market for Lemons, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas Malthus, Thorstein Veblen, trade route, transaction costs, two-sided market, uber lyft, uranium enrichment, Vickrey auction, Vilfredo Pareto, winner-take-all economy

But we need to make these decisions for ourselves: instead of being subject to the whims of economists and businesses (where we currently find ourselves), if we have a better sense of where markets work, and why, and how, and in what form, then we can decide when we want to use them rather than be used by them. Mr. Socialist, Meet the Market Canice Prendergast is an economics professor at the University of Chicago’s Booth School of Business. He works in the language of dense mathematical models that aim to clarify why, for example, service at airport security is so dismal and why—you may not be pleased to hear—that might actually be a good thing. (Because a few of the Department of Homeland Security’s “customers” may be bomb-carrying terrorists, so it’s not exactly a customer-is-always-right setting.) He’s a serious enough art collector that when Booth built itself a $125 million campus across the way from Frank Lloyd Wright’s landmark Robie House, Prendergast was put in charge of a million-dollar budget for decorating its courtyards and hallways.


pages: 257 words: 76,785

Shorter by Alex Soojung-Kim Pang

8-hour work day, airport security, Albert Einstein, Bertrand Russell: In Praise of Idleness, business process, call centre, carbon footprint, centre right, cloud computing, colonial rule, disruptive innovation, Erik Brynjolfsson, future of work, game design, gig economy, Henri Poincaré, IKEA effect, iterative process, job automation, job satisfaction, job-hopping, Johannes Kepler, Kickstarter, labor-force participation, longitudinal study, means of production, neurotypical, performance metric, race to the bottom, remote working, Second Machine Age, side project, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, telemarketer, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, women in the workforce, young professional, zero-sum game

2 Inspire In the inspiration phase of the design thinking process, you cast a wide net around a problem in an effort to refine the question while still staying in touch with a wide range of ideas and disciplines. If you were thinking about designing a hospital admitting room, you would talk to doctors, nurses, and patients and their families about the space, the admitting process, and the worries and anxieties people have when coming into a hospital. You might also spend some time in airport security checkpoints, department stores, and churches to see how different spaces balance security, route people efficiently, and communicate empathy and reassurance. In this chapter, our inspiration will come from the companies that have already moved to four-day workweeks, six-hour days, or other forms of shorter working hours. ST. LEONARD’S STREET, EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND “From a very young age, I would say from sixteen, I was already working fifty hours a week,” Stuart Ralston tells me.


pages: 253 words: 79,441

Better Than Fiction by Lonely Planet

airport security, British Empire, Cape to Cairo, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, transcontinental railway

The constant onslaught of bad news from the media would have it that the world is a frighteningly dangerous place. In turn, governments routinely issue stern no-go or extreme-caution warnings for major parts of the planet we share. We have collectively allowed a handful of fanatics and zealots who by no means represent the values of the various races to which they belong to effectively deny travellers access to large parts of the world. Nowhere is said to be safe. Airport security, where everyone is a potential suspect, has become a huge and growing universal preoccupation where paranoia is the officially required psychological approach. When I was recently embarking overseas from my own local airport, the universally and now routinely common X-ray of my carry-on luggage took place, and the nail file from the gentleman’s manicure set I’d been given as a prize as a young schoolboy more than 61 years previously and had inadvertently tried to take aboard was confiscated.


pages: 273 words: 76,786

Explore Everything by Bradley Garrett

airport security, Burning Man, call centre, creative destruction, deindustrialization, double helix, dumpster diving, failed state, Google Earth, Hacker Ethic, Jane Jacobs, Julian Assange, late capitalism, megacity, New Urbanism, Occupy movement, place-making, shareholder value, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, urban planning, white flight, WikiLeaks

Adler and Peter Adler, ‘Ethical Issues in Self-Censorship: Ethnographic Research on Sensitive Topics’, in Claire M. Renzetti and Raymond M. Lee, eds, Researching Sensitive Topics (Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1993), and Raymond M. Lee, Doing Research on Sensitive Topics (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1993). PROLOGUE 1 Tim Edensor, ‘Staging Tourism: Tourists as Performers’, Annals of Tourism Research 27: 2 (April 2000); Peter Adey, ‘Facing Airport Security: Affect, Biopolitics, and the Preemptive Securitisation of the Mobile Body’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 27: 2 (2009). 1. THE UE SCENE 1 Ninjalicious, Access All Areas: A User’s Guide to the Art of Urban Exploration (Canada: Infilpress, 2005), p. 3. 2 Geoff Manaugh and Troy Paiva, Night Visions: The Art of Urban Exploration (San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 2008), p. 9. 3 Jamie Peck and Adam Tickell, ‘Neoliberalisation of the City’, Antipode 34: 3 (2002). 4 Bradley L.


The Secret World: A History of Intelligence by Christopher Andrew

active measures, Admiral Zheng, airport security, anti-communist, Atahualpa, Ayatollah Khomeini, British Empire, Chelsea Manning, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, Edward Snowden, en.wikipedia.org, Etonian, Fellow of the Royal Society, Francisco Pizarro, Google Earth, invention of movable type, invention of the telegraph, Julian Assange, Khyber Pass, Mahatma Gandhi, Mikhail Gorbachev, Murano, Venice glass, RAND corporation, Robert Hanssen: Double agent, Ronald Reagan, Skype, South Sea Bubble, spice trade, the market place, trade route, union organizing, uranium enrichment, Vladimir Vetrov: Farewell Dossier, WikiLeaks, éminence grise

In the few years before 9/11 the Federal Aviation Authority reported repeated security violations at Logan Airport, Boston, from which two of the hijacked planes took off.87 Contrary to widespread belief, neither Logan nor the two other airports from which the hijacked planes set out (Newark International and Washington Dulles) even had CCTV at the boarding gates.88 At least three eyewitnesses, ignored at the time, saw several of the hijackers studying the security checkpoints at Logan well before 9/11. One of the witnesses, an American Airlines official, confronted the ringleader of the hijackers, Mohamed Atta, after watching him video and inspect one of the Logan checkpoints in May 2001. Though Atta was reported by the official to airport security, he was never questioned.* On 9/11 the watch list maintained by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), which was responsible for air travel security, contained only twelve names. The FBI and CIA had hundreds more that should have been added to the list. The failure to produce an expanded list was due largely to bureaucratic infighting.89 In the few months before 9/11, more than two dozen Islamist messages intercepted by the NSA made clear that, to quote its director, General Mike Hayden, ‘something was imminent’.

Christopher Andrew March 2018 Index Abdullah (Abu Bakr’s son), 87 Abdullah ibn Atik, 89–90 Abdullah ibn Jahsh, 87 Abdullah-Khan, ruler of Shirvan, 150 Abdur Rahman, Afghan Amir (‘The Iron Amir’), 421 Abedi, Salman, 757 Abedin, Moinul, 722 Aberdare, Lord, 400 Aberdeen, Lord, 359, 365–6, 368, 405–6 Ablis, Geoffroy d’, 102–3 Abu Al-Fadl Al-Abbas, 88 Abu al-Faraj al-Isfahani, 97 Abu Bakr, 87, 93 Abu Jihad, 733 Abu Rafi, 89–90 Abu Sufyan, 92 Abu’l Abbas As-Saffah, 96–7 Abwehr (German intelligence agency), 573, 626, 646–7, 652, 653–4, 656, 658–61 Acheson, Dean, 670 Act of Settlement, English (1701), 264 Act of Union (1707), 265 Adam, Robert, 303† Adams, Arthur Alexandrovich, 664–5 Adams, John, 295, 299, 309 Adcock, Frank, 518 Addington, Henry, 336, 337–8 Addison, Joseph, 131 Cato, 303 Adrianople, Battle of (378), 81–2 aerial reconnaissance early ballooning experiments, 411–12 First World War: Western Front, 505–8, 562, 563 Second World War: Middle East, 508, 529, 565 Aéronautique Militaire, 506 Aeschylus, 31 Afghanistan CIA covert actions in (1980s), 690–91 First Anglo-Afghan war (1839–42), 419 mujahideen in, 690–91 Northern Alliance, 725 North-West Frontier, 416, 418, 419–21, 449–50, 451 Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878–80), 419–21 Soviet war in (1980s), 689, 690, 699 Agadir crisis (1911), 477–8, 479, 484, 485 Agasse, Guillaume, 106 ‘Age of Discovery’, 120–21 Ageloff, Sylvia, 624 agents provocateurs, 61–2, 220, 238, 273, 389, 394, 575 Agis II, Spartan king, 35 Ahmad, Rauf, 722–3 aircraft, 505, 507 airport security, 724–5, 757 Aix-la-Chapelle, Congress of (autumn 1818), 370 Akhenaten, Pharaoh, 19 Akram, A. I., 94 Alam Halfa, Battle of (August–September 1942), 640 Alaric, Visigoth leader, 82 Albam, Abram Mironovich, 620 Albania, 678–9 Albert, Dr Heinrich, 521–2 Alberti, Leon Battista, 127–8 Alcibiades, 30, 34, 35–6 Aldegonde (Philips of Marnix, Lord of Saint-Aldegonde), 139–40, 166–9 Aldrich, Winthrop W., 605 Alekseev, Aleksandr, 689–90 Alekseev, General Mikhail, 486 Alembert, Jean d’, 291 Alexander I, Tsar, 340, 343*, 352–3, 354–5, 356–7, 358–9, 360, 498, 499 at Congress of Vienna, 363, 366–7 Alexander II, Tsar, 154, 406, 425, 427, 437 Alexander III, Tsar, 154, 428, 436 Alexander the Great, 37–9, 45–6, 333 Alexander Severus, Roman emperor, 76 Alexandra, Princess (wife of Edward VII), 433 Alexandra, Tsarina (wife of Nicholas II), 500 Alexandrovich, Vyacheslav Alekseevich, 557, 558 Alexandrovskaya Sloboda (country estate of Ivan IV), 141, 142, 151–2 Alexei, Tsarevich (son of Nicholas II), 500 Alfield, Thomas, 171 Alfonso XIII, King of Spain, 429 Alford, Dr Sidney, 757 Alford, Stephen, 190 Ali, Abdullah Ahmed, 757, 758 Alien Office, London, 323, 324*, 327, 329, 332–3 ‘Inner Office’ of, 336, 337 Allen, Sir Mark, 737 Allen, William, 171, 172, 176 Allenby, Field Marshal Viscount Edmund, 564–5 Allende, Salvador, 687–8, 690 All-Russian Co-operative Society (ARCOS), 583, 584 Alma, Battle of the (20 September 1854), 403–4 Almereyda, Miguel, 551 Alonne, Abel Tasien d’, 264 Alvensleben, Count, 469 Amalric, Arnaud, 101 Ambrose, Stephen, 672 American Revolutionary War, 5, 294–311 Ames, Aldrich, 687, 709, 713, 714 Amiens, Peace of (1802), 321, 336–7 Ammianus Marcellinus, 80, 81–2 Amnesty International, 752 Ampthill, Lord, 467 Amr ibn al-As, 94–5 Anabaptists, 110 anarchist movement, nineteenth century, 429–31, 432–3 Ancre, Concino Concini, marquis d’, 201–2 André, John, 303, 303†, 306 Andreev, Nikolai, 558 Andrew, Christopher Defence of the Realm, 10*, 10†, 90†, 548*, 658*, 722*, 732*, 738*, 758* Mitrokhin Archive, The (with Vasili Mitrokhin), 750–51 For the President’s Eyes Only, 6 76*, 748§ Secret Service: The Making of the British Intelligence Community, 731† Timewatch documentary on Cumming, 482§, 582* Androcles (Athenian demagogue), 34 Andropov, Yuri, 105, 130†, 687, 689, 690, 693, 694, 695–6, 699 Androsov, Yuri, 696 Angiolillo, Michele, 431 Anglo-Dutch wars (seventeenth century), 226, 235–6, 237 Ankhesenamen, Queen, 21 Annas (father-in-law of Caiaphas), 25* Anne, Queen of England, 250, 261, 266, 269 Anne of Austria, 201, 202–3, 204, 212 anti-Semitism in Elizabethan era, 189 Islamist brand of, 703 medieval conspiracy theories, 106–7 Nazi and fascist, 437, 645–6, 655–6, 732, 743 Protocols of the Elders of Zion (forgery), 437, 703 and Spanish Inquisition, 113 Antraigues, comte d’, 343* Appeasement policy in 1930s, 612–13, 614–16, 760* Arab Bulletin, The, 529–30, 737 Arab Rising against Turkish rule (1916), 508, 530, 541 Arabian Peninsula, 3, 86–92, 93 Arab armies’ military conquest in 630s/640s, 93–5 Arab nationalism, 508, 530, 541, 737 Arab Poetic Tradition, 720* pre-Islamic, 86† Arabic language, 98, 99, 111, 123, 334, 742 Arabic science and mathematics, 47, 97–9 Arafat, Yasser, 733 Aragon, Catherine of, 125, 126 Archibald, James F.

., 8, 668, 671 disavowal of covert action, 677–8 dislike of peacetime HUMINT, 670, 676 Truman Doctrine, 676–7 VENONA secret kept from, 673 Trumbull, Sir William, 248, 257 Tschirsky, Heinrich von, 488 Tsushima, Battle of (1905), 466, 469 Tunisia, 746 Turberville, George, 151 Turenne, vicomte de, 246, 247 Turing, Alan, 518 Turkish War of Independence (1919–23), 576–7 Tutankhamun, Pharaoh, 20–21 Twain, Mark, 132 Twentieth-Century Fund (think tank), 717 Tyrconnell, Earl of, 252 U-2 (first high-altitude spy-plane), 683 Udney, John, 334 Ukraine, 708 Ulbricht, Walter, 680 Ulyanov, Alexander, 436 Umar ibn al-Khattab, 93, 95 Umberto I, King of Italy, 428, 430, 433, 447 Umm Al-Fadl, 88 United States 2000 presidential election campaign, 723, 724, 728 arrival of troops in Europe (1917–18), 561, 563, 565 Aspin–Brown Commission (1995–6), 713–14, 716–17, 727 assumption of national superiority, 713–14 Black Tom attack (July 1916), 527, 528, 604 Bureau of Investigation, 435, 521, 527–8, 568 challenges Europe’s lead in intelligence, 5–6 Coordinator of Information (COI) post, 609–10 Department of Homeland Security, 435 diplomatic relations with USSR (1933), 586 Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) role, 378, 676, 677, 702, 706, 707–8, 710 embassy security in Russia, 458, 592–3, 662, 674–5 expectation of surprise Japanese attack (late 1941), 630–31 and First World War, 515, 516, 519, 520, 527–8, 533–42 German sabotage in (First World War), 520, 521, 522, 527, 528, 542, 604 growth of intelligence agencies during First World War, 568–9 intelligence coordination problem, 568, 609–10, 611–12, 628–30, 631–3, 634, 637 intelligence special relationship with UK, 7, 8, 169, 516, 565–7, 608, 609, 641–4, 670–71, 673–4, 735 Iran–Contra scandal (1986), 691 MAGIC (Japanese) decrypts, 611–12, 628–30, 631–3, 634, 635, 637, 669–70 MI1b decrypts of diplomatic telegrams, 533–4, 535–6, 538–9, 566, 571, 760 National Security Act (26 July 1947), 677 policy in the Third World, 8 poor airport security in pre-9/11 years, 724–5 post-9/11 scares and false alarms, 727–8 post-First World War intelligence cuts, 573, 587, 588–9 publishing of diplomatic correspondence, 422–3 Second World War intelligence failures, 7 Secret Service, 435–6, 521–2, 527–8, 568 Secret Service Fund, 310 Soviet penetration of Roosevelt administration, 662–3, 669, 673 Truman Doctrine, 676–7 ‘Year of Intelligence’ (1975), 687–8, 731–2 see also Central Intelligence Agency (CIA); Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Urban VII, Pope, 138* Uritsky, Moisei Solomonovich, 559 US Army Air Force (USAAF), 642 Ustinov, Jona ‘Klop’, 612, 613, 614 Utrecht, Treaty of (1713), 267, 269 Vaillant, Auguste, 429–30 Valens, Eastern emperor, 81, 82 Valentian, Roman emperor, 78 Valerius Probus, 46 Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, 304 Van Lew, Elizabeth, 413–14 Vansittart, Sir Robert, 612, 615 Varro, 50* Varus, Publius Quinctilius, 70–71 Vauban, Sébastien Le Prestre de, 243, 246 Vedic religion, 60 Velázquez, Diego, 208 Venanges (now Fort Franklin), 302 ‘Vengeur, Le’ (pre-First World War ‘French agent’), 465, 466 Venice, Renaissance Archivio Centrale, 119, 120 Bridge of Sighs, 132* and commercial intelligence, 119, 121‡ Council of Ten, 118, 122, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129–30, 131, 138–9 and cryptanalysis, 127, 128–9 end of mercantile supremacy, 121 informers in, 119, 131–2 and Italian Wars (1494–1559), 128, 129 lion’s mouth (bocca di leone) letterboxes, 131–2, 131† and masks, 130–31 military inferiority to Ottomans, 122, 132 obsession with secrets and secrecy, 118–19, 126, 129–30 Phelippes tests ciphers of, 205 political-intelligence collection, 119–20, 121, 122, 124, 125–31, 207 as printing capital, 122–3 state inquisitors, 130, 131 trading empire, 119–20, 132 Vergennes, comte de, 293, 294, 296, 298, 299, 301 Versailles, Palace of, 242 Versailles, Treaty of (1919), 573, 585 Vetrov, Vladimir, 714 Victoria, Queen, 391, 427, 434 Victoria, Queen of Spain, 429 Victorian-era Britain Chartist movement, 379–80, 385 debate on letter-opening (1844), 381–3 Deciphering Branch closure (1844), 6, 337, 383, 410, 421, 449, 747 Fenian ‘Dynamite War’ (1881–5), 427 Great Exhibition (London, 1851), 391–2 ‘Great Game’ with Russia on North-West Frontier, 406, 416–21 intelligence decline, 6, 414 Intelligence Department (ID) in War Office, 449, 450–51 lack of ‘political police’, 380 as safe haven for continental revolutionaries, 380, 388–9, 396, 400–401 Vienna, Congress of (1814–15), 363–6 Final Act (9 June 1815), 368–9 and Napoleon’s escape from Elba, 368 sexual liaisons/pillow talk at, 366–8 Viète, François, 137, 138–9, 140, 198 Vietnam War, 66, 687, 748 Viguié, Léopold, 432 Villars, Marshal Claude Louis Hector de, 265 Villiers, Edward, 224 Vincent, Professor E.


pages: 829 words: 186,976

The Signal and the Noise: Why So Many Predictions Fail-But Some Don't by Nate Silver

"Robert Solow", airport security, availability heuristic, Bayesian statistics, Benoit Mandelbrot, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, big-box store, Black Swan, Broken windows theory, business cycle, buy and hold, Carmen Reinhart, Claude Shannon: information theory, Climategate, Climatic Research Unit, cognitive dissonance, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collateralized debt obligation, complexity theory, computer age, correlation does not imply causation, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, diversification, Donald Trump, Edmond Halley, Edward Lorenz: Chaos theory, en.wikipedia.org, equity premium, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, everywhere but in the productivity statistics, fear of failure, Fellow of the Royal Society, Freestyle chess, fudge factor, George Akerlof, global pandemic, haute cuisine, Henri Poincaré, high batting average, housing crisis, income per capita, index fund, information asymmetry, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet Archive, invention of the printing press, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, John Nash: game theory, John von Neumann, Kenneth Rogoff, knowledge economy, Laplace demon, locking in a profit, Loma Prieta earthquake, market bubble, Mikhail Gorbachev, Moneyball by Michael Lewis explains big data, Monroe Doctrine, mortgage debt, Nate Silver, negative equity, new economy, Norbert Wiener, PageRank, pattern recognition, pets.com, Pierre-Simon Laplace, prediction markets, Productivity paradox, random walk, Richard Thaler, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Rodney Brooks, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, savings glut, security theater, short selling, Skype, statistical model, Steven Pinker, The Great Moderation, The Market for Lemons, the scientific method, The Signal and the Noise by Nate Silver, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas Bayes, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, too big to fail, transaction costs, transfer pricing, University of East Anglia, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, wikimedia commons

Everybody likes to live in a cleaner, safer neighborhood. But it’s unclear whether the broken-windows theory is more than window dressing. Likewise, the ever more cumbersome requirements for commercial flights fall into the category of what the security expert Bruce Schneier calls “security theater”75—they are more for show than to actually deter terrorists. It’s by no means completely irrational to be worried about airport security; airplanes have been the subject of a large number of terror attacks in the past, and terrorism can have a copycat element.76 Yet even accounting for crashes that had nothing to do with terrorism, only about one passenger for every twenty-five million was killed on an American commercial airliner during the decade of the 2000s.77 Even if you fly twenty times per year, you are about twice as likely to be struck by lightning.

., 137–38 AccuWeather, 128, 131, 132, 133 Achuthan, Lakshman, 196 acid rain, 400 Adams, Douglas, 26 adaptiveness, 98 Afghanistan, Soviet war with, 52 Africa, 379 African Plate, 143–44 aftershocks, 154, 161, 174, 476–77 agent-based models, 226, 227–29, 230 aggregate predictions, see consensus aging curve, 79, 81–83, 81, 83, 99, 164 aging population, 189 Agriculture Department, U.S., 123 AIDS, 213, 214, 215, 486 AIG, 37 Air Force, U.S., 108 Air India, 425, 429 air pollution, 400 airport security, 439 Ajedrecista, El, 265 Akerlof, George, 32–33, 35, 466 Alabama, University of, 394 Alaska, 149, 438 Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, 425 algorithms, 265, 426 all-in bet, 306 Allison, Graham, 433–35 Al Qaeda, 422, 424, 425, 426, 433, 435–36, 440, 444 Alzheimer’s, 420 Amazon.com, 352–53, 500 American exceptionalism, 10 American Football League (AFL), 185–86, 480 American League, 79 American Stock Exchange, 334 Amsterdam, 228 Anchorage, Alaska, 149 Anderson, Chris, 9 Angelo, Tommy, 324–26, 328 animals, earthquake prediction and, 147–48 Annals of Applied Statistics, 511–12 ANSS catalog, 478 Antarctic, 401 anthropology, 228 antiretroviral therapy, 221 Apple, 264 Archilochus, 53 Arctic, 397, 398 Arianism, 490 Aristotle, 2, 112 Armstrong, Scott, 380–82, 381, 388, 402–3, 405, 505, 508 Arrhenius, Svante, 376 artificial intelligence, 263, 293 Asia, 210 asset-price bubble, 190 asymmetrical information, 35 Augustine, Saint, 112 Australia, 379 autism, 218, 218, 487 availability heuristic, 424 avian flu, see bird flu A/Victoria flu strain, 205–6, 208, 483 Babbage, Charles, 263, 283 Babyak, Michael, 167–68 baby boom, 31 Babylonians, 112 Bachmann, Michele, 217 bailout bills, 19, 461 Bak, Per, 172 Baker, Dean, 22 Bane, Eddie, 87 Bank of England, 35 Barbour, Haley, 140 baseball, 9, 10, 16, 74–106, 128, 426, 446, 447, 451n aging curve in, 79, 81–83, 81, 83, 99, 164 betting on, 286 luck vs. skill in, 322 minor league system in, 92–93 results in, 327 rich data in, 79–80, 84 Baseball America, 75, 87, 89, 90, 90, 91 Baseball Encyclopedia, 94 Baseball Prospectus, 75, 78, 88, 297 basic reproduction number (R0), 214–15, 215, 224, 225, 486 basketball, 80n, 92–93, 233–37, 243, 246, 256, 258, 489 batting average, 86, 91, 95, 100, 314, 321, 321, 339 Bayer Laboratories, 11–12, 249 Bayes, Thomas, 240–43, 251, 253, 254, 255, 490 Bayesian reasoning, 240, 241–42, 259, 349, 444 biases and beliefs in, 258–59 chess computers’ use of, 291 Christianity and, 490 in climatology, 371, 377–78, 403, 406–7, 407, 410–11 consensus opinion and, 367 Fisher’s opposition to, 252 gambling esteemed in, 255–56, 362 priors in, 244, 245, 246, 252, 255, 258–59, 260, 403, 406–7, 433n, 444, 451, 490, 497 stock market and, 259–60 Bayes’s theorem, 15, 16, 242, 243–49, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 258, 266, 331, 331, 448–49, 450–51 in poker, 299, 301, 304, 306, 307, 322–23 Beane, Billy, 77, 92, 93–94, 99–100, 103, 105–7, 314 Bear Stearns, 37 beauty, complexity and, 173 beer, 387, 459 behavioral economics, 227–28 Belgium, 459 Bellagio, 298–99, 300, 318, 495 bell-curve distribution, 368n, 496 Bengkulu, Indonesia, 161 Benjamin, Joel, 281 Berlin, Isaiah, 53 Berners-Lee, Tim, 448, 514 BetOnSports PLC, 319 bets, see gambling Betsy, Hurricane, 140 betting markets, 201–3, 332–33 see also Intrade biases, 12–13, 16, 293 Bayesian theory’s acknowledgment of, 258–59 in chess, 273 and errors in published research, 250 favorite-longshot, 497 of Fisher, 255 objectivity and, 72–73 toward overconfidence, 179–83, 191, 203, 454 in polls, 252–53 as rational, 197–99, 200 of scouts, 91–93, 102 of statheads, 91–93 of weather forecasts, 134–38 Bible, 2 Wicked, 3, 13 Biden, Joseph, 48 Big Data, 9–12, 197, 249–50, 253, 264, 289, 447, 452 Big Short, The (Lewis), 355 Billings, Darse, 324 Bill James Baseball Abstract, The, 77, 78, 84 bin Laden, Osama, 432, 433, 434, 440, 509 binomial distribution, 479 biological weapons, 437, 438, 443 biomedical research, 11–12, 183 bird flu, 209, 216, 229 Black, Fisher, 362, 367, 369 “Black Friday,” 320 Black Swan, The (Taleb), 368n Black Tuesday, 349 Blanco, Kathleen, 140 Blankley, Tony, 50 Blodget, Henry, 352–54, 356, 364–65, 500 Blue Chip Economic Indicators survey, 199, 335–36 Bluefire, 110–11, 116, 118, 127, 131 bluffing, 301, 303, 306, 310, 311, 328 Bonus Baby rule, 94 books, 2–4 cost of producing, 2 forecasting and, 5 number of, 2–3, 3, 459 boom, dot-com, 346–48, 361 Boston, 77 Boston Red Sox, 63, 74–77, 87, 102, 103–5 Bowman, David, 161–62, 167 Box, George E.


pages: 685 words: 203,949

The Organized Mind: Thinking Straight in the Age of Information Overload by Daniel J. Levitin

airport security, Albert Einstein, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Anton Chekhov, Bayesian statistics, big-box store, business process, call centre, Claude Shannon: information theory, cloud computing, cognitive bias, complexity theory, computer vision, conceptual framework, correlation does not imply causation, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, delayed gratification, Donald Trump, en.wikipedia.org, epigenetics, Eratosthenes, Exxon Valdez, framing effect, friendly fire, fundamental attribution error, Golden Gate Park, Google Glasses, haute cuisine, impulse control, index card, indoor plumbing, information retrieval, invention of writing, iterative process, jimmy wales, job satisfaction, Kickstarter, life extension, longitudinal study, meta analysis, meta-analysis, more computing power than Apollo, Network effects, new economy, Nicholas Carr, optical character recognition, Pareto efficiency, pattern recognition, phenotype, placebo effect, pre–internet, profit motive, randomized controlled trial, Rubik’s Cube, shared worldview, Skype, Snapchat, social intelligence, statistical model, Steve Jobs, supply-chain management, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, The Wisdom of Crowds, theory of mind, Thomas Bayes, Turing test, ultimatum game, zero-sum game

When deciding, for example, whether to steam clean your carpets or hire someone to do it, you might take into account what else you could be doing with your time. If a free weekend day is rare, and you are really looking forward to spending it bicycling with friends, or going to a party, you may well decide that it’s worth it to pay someone else to do it. Or if you’re a consultant or attorney earning upward of $300 an hour, spending $100 to join one of those priority services that bypasses the long line at airport security seems well worth it. If you calculate what your time is worth to you, it simplifies a great deal of decision-making because you don’t have to reassess each individual situation. You just follow your rule: “If I can spend $XX and save an hour of my time, it is worth it.” Of course this assumes that the activity is something you don’t find pleasurable. If you like steam-cleaning carpets and standing in airport lines, then the calculation doesn’t work.

., & Backwell, A. (2011). Driving deaths and injuries post-9/11. International Journal of General Medicine, 4, 803–807. and, Gigerenzer, G. (2006). Out of the frying pan into the fire: Behavioral reactions to terrorist attacks. Risk Analysis, 26(2), 347–351. and, Hampson, R. (2011, September 5). After 9/11: 50 dates that quietly changed America. USA Today. and, Kenny, C. (2011, November 18). Airport security is killing us. Business Week. and, Sivak M., & Flannagan, M. (2003). Flying and driving after the September 11 attacks. American Scientist, 91(1), 6–8. ten million safe commercial flights Snyder, B. (2012, January 9) An incredibly safe year for air travel. CNN. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com “Terrorists can strike twice . . .” Gaissmaier, W., & Gigerenzer, G. (2012). 9/11, Act II: A fine-grained analysis of regional variations in traffic fatalities in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks.


pages: 287 words: 86,919

Protocol: how control exists after decentralization by Alexander R. Galloway

Ada Lovelace, airport security, Berlin Wall, bioinformatics, Bretton Woods, computer age, Craig Reynolds: boids flock, discovery of DNA, Donald Davies, double helix, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, easy for humans, difficult for computers, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Grace Hopper, Hacker Ethic, informal economy, John Conway, John Markoff, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, late capitalism, linear programming, Marshall McLuhan, means of production, Menlo Park, moral panic, mutually assured destruction, Norbert Wiener, old-boy network, packet switching, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, phenotype, post-industrial society, profit motive, QWERTY keyboard, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, RFC: Request For Comment, Richard Stallman, semantic web, SETI@home, stem cell, Steve Crocker, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, telerobotics, the market place, theory of mind, urban planning, Vannevar Bush, Whole Earth Review, working poor

(The fact that Microsoft has not yet replaced TCP/IP with a commercial product of its own is one of the miracles of computer history. Chances are this will happen very soon.) As one learns more and more about the networks of protocological control, it becomes almost second nature to project protocol into every physical system: Traffic lights become the protocol for successful management of moving vehicles; a grocery store queue is the protocol for a successful checkout; airport security points are the protocol for prohibiting weapons; and so on. Protocol pops up everywhere. But protocol is more than simply a synonym for “the rules.” Instead, protocol is like the trace of footprints left in snow, or a mountain trail whose route becomes fixed only after years of constant wear. One is always free to pick a different route. But protocol makes one instantly aware of the best route—and why wouldn’t one want to follow it?


pages: 369 words: 80,355

Too Big to Know: Rethinking Knowledge Now That the Facts Aren't the Facts, Experts Are Everywhere, and the Smartest Person in the Room Is the Room by David Weinberger

airport security, Alfred Russel Wallace, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Berlin Wall, Black Swan, book scanning, Cass Sunstein, commoditize, corporate social responsibility, crowdsourcing, Danny Hillis, David Brooks, Debian, double entry bookkeeping, double helix, en.wikipedia.org, Exxon Valdez, Fall of the Berlin Wall, future of journalism, Galaxy Zoo, Hacker Ethic, Haight Ashbury, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, invention of the telegraph, jimmy wales, Johannes Kepler, John Harrison: Longitude, Kevin Kelly, linked data, Netflix Prize, New Journalism, Nicholas Carr, Norbert Wiener, openstreetmap, P = NP, Pluto: dwarf planet, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, Republic of Letters, RFID, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, semantic web, slashdot, social graph, Steven Pinker, Stewart Brand, technological singularity, Ted Nelson, the scientific method, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Thomas Malthus, Whole Earth Catalog, X Prize

Over the course of Western philosophy, we kept ratcheting up the standards of certainty, until we set Descartes to sitting alone in a room (wanting to avoid the distractions of everyday life is not new to the Internet era), making us wonder if even the knowledge that we exist might be the result of a malevolent god tricking us. If we can’t be certain of something beyond the whiff of a glimpse of a tremor of a shadow of doubt, then we do not know it. Or so says Descartes and the tradition he influenced. The continuous ratcheting up of the standards of certainty seemed as inevitable as the increase in intrusiveness of airport security devices. But then nineteenth-century philosophers suggested that perhaps some knowledge was so ungrounded in reason that it could be held certain only with much fear and trembling (Kierkegaard). Perhaps knowledge’s certainty panders to the weak-souled, and hides greater, more terrifying and joyful truths (Nietzsche). Perhaps the carefully constructed rational knowledge we’ve taken as the way to truth is based on a lived experience of a particular time and place of a creature that knows first of all that it will die (Heidegger).


pages: 252 words: 80,636

Bureaucracy by David Graeber

a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airport security, Albert Einstein, banking crisis, barriers to entry, borderless world, Bretton Woods, British Empire, collateralized debt obligation, Columbine, conceptual framework, Corn Laws, David Graeber, George Gilder, High speed trading, hiring and firing, Kitchen Debate, late capitalism, means of production, music of the spheres, new economy, obamacare, Occupy movement, Parkinson's law, Peter Thiel, planetary scale, post-work, price mechanism, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, South Sea Bubble, transcontinental railway, union organizing, urban planning, zero-sum game

In practice, though, it’s increasingly unclear what popular sovereignty in that sense is even supposed to mean. Max Weber famously pointed out that a sovereign state’s institutional representatives maintain a monopoly on the right of violence within the state’s territory.163 Normally, this violence can only be exercised by certain duly authorized officials (soldiers, police, jailers), or those authorized by such officials (airport security, private guards …), and only in a manner explicitly designated by law. But ultimately, sovereign power really is, still, the right to brush such legalities aside, or to make them up as one goes along.164 The United States might call itself “a country of laws, not men,” but as we have learned in recent years, American presidents can order torture, assassinations, domestic surveillance programs, even set up extra-legal zones like Guantanamo where they can treat prisoners pretty much any way they choose to.


pages: 472 words: 80,835

Life as a Passenger: How Driverless Cars Will Change the World by David Kerrigan

3D printing, Airbnb, airport security, Albert Einstein, autonomous vehicles, big-box store, butterfly effect, call centre, car-free, Cesare Marchetti: Marchetti’s constant, Chris Urmson, commoditize, computer vision, congestion charging, connected car, DARPA: Urban Challenge, deskilling, disruptive innovation, edge city, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, future of work, invention of the wheel, Just-in-time delivery, loss aversion, Lyft, Marchetti’s constant, Mars Rover, megacity, Menlo Park, Metcalfe’s law, Minecraft, Nash equilibrium, New Urbanism, QWERTY keyboard, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, ride hailing / ride sharing, Rodney Brooks, Sam Peltzman, self-driving car, sensor fusion, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, smart cities, Snapchat, Stanford marshmallow experiment, Steve Jobs, technoutopianism, the built environment, Thorstein Veblen, traffic fines, transit-oriented development, Travis Kalanick, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, Unsafe at Any Speed, urban planning, urban sprawl, Yogi Berra, young professional, zero-sum game, Zipcar

Impacts on other forms of Transport If you revolutionise the primary means of individual transport to the extent we’re discussing here, it’s inevitable it will have repercussions for the adjacent modes of transport. If you can potentially sleep in a level 5 driverless car, will overnight trips become preferable to short flights? Would driverless car travel from San Francisco to LA in a perfectly-driven electric vehicle be less environmentally damaging than a flight and less hassle than queuing for airport security and waiting for your bag at the other end? Public-transportation policy makers will need to consider the economics of AVs and consumer attitudes toward AVs in their investment plans. Their long-term planning must consider the possibility that the favorable economics of AVs might lead consumers not only to give up their own vehicles but also to shun conventional mass transit in favor of robo-taxis.


pages: 246 words: 81,625

On Intelligence by Jeff Hawkins, Sandra Blakeslee

airport security, Albert Einstein, computer age, conceptual framework, Johannes Kepler, Necker cube, pattern recognition, Paul Erdős, Ray Kurzweil, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, speech recognition, superintelligent machines, the scientific method, Thomas Bayes, Turing machine, Turing test

Imagine having sensors distributed over a country's electrical power grid. An intelligent machine attached to these sensors would observe the ebb and flow of electricity consumption in the same way you and I see the ebb and flow of traffic on a road, or the movement of people at an airport. Through repeated exposure, humans learn to predict these patterns— just ask an employee who commutes by car, or an airport security guard. Similarly, our intelligent electrical grid monitor would be able to predict demands for power, or dangerous situations likely to lead to a power outage, better than a human. We might combine sensors for weather and for human demographics, in order to anticipate political unrest, famines, or disease outbreaks. Like a supersmart diplomat, intelligent machines may play a role in reducing conflict and human suffering.


pages: 287 words: 81,014

The Charisma Myth: How Anyone Can Master the Art and Science of Personal Magnetism by Olivia Fox Cabane

airport security, cognitive dissonance, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, hedonic treadmill, Lao Tzu, Nelson Mandela, Parkinson's law, Peter Thiel, placebo effect, Ralph Waldo Emerson, randomized controlled trial, risk tolerance, social intelligence, Steve Jobs

Have you ever winced at the mere memory of a comment heard years ago? Few things sting as badly or last as long as a nasty comment. For many of my clients, having to occasionally deliver negative feedback is the worst part of their jobs. Many tell me that when they know they have criticism to deliver, they walk around with a knot in their stomach all day, dreading the upcoming conversation. Unfortunately, criticism—like dental exams, airport security, and, depending on whom you ask, taxes—is a necessary evil. You may not like it, but sometimes you just have to do it. At some point in your life, someone—whether it’s a parent, spouse, friend, colleague, or boss—will do something wrong and you’ll have to tell them about it. The question, of course, is how to do it right. There are four crucial steps to charismatically delivering criticism.


pages: 244 words: 81,334

Picnic Comma Lightning: In Search of a New Reality by Laurence Scott

4chan, Airbnb, airport security, augmented reality, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Boris Johnson, clean water, colonial rule, cryptocurrency, dematerialisation, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, housing crisis, Internet of things, Joan Didion, job automation, late capitalism, Mark Zuckerberg, Narrative Science, Productivity paradox, QR code, ride hailing / ride sharing, Saturday Night Live, sentiment analysis, Silicon Valley, Skype, Slavoj Žižek, Snapchat, Y2K

Am I alone in hearing a note of menace in the supermarket’s description of their drivers as ‘the friendly face’ of the business? We now know that an experience is over when it’s time to quantify it, the moment ending on a question mark rather than a full stop. After each journey using a ride-sharing service, you are locked in that stalemate of mutual appraisal. Similarly, from library coffee shops to airport security lines, it’s now commonplace to encounter those stands with childish buttons for us to press on our way past. ‘How was your experience today?’ these unstaffed customer-service stations ask. The nebulous swirl of sentiment that we carry around with us must then be compressed into one of four buttons, each painted with a different cartoon face, moving swiftly from beet-red rage to beatific green smile.


Dark Summit: The True Story of Everest's Most Controversial Season by Nick Heil

airport security, British Empire, invisible hand, rent control, trade route

Can’t you see I’ve got my own problems here? For the next year, Medvetz grimaced his way through the long recovery. He would go through half a dozen operations; by the time the doctors were done with him, he had a metal plate installed in his head, a titanium cage wrapped around his lower spine, half a dozen screws in his knee, and bolts holding his ankle together, fusing his foot into a nearly immobile ninety-degree angle. “Airport security was going to be an issue for the rest of my life,” he said later. But, then, so would the pain. That first year, Medvetz endured bouts of despair, craving normalcy, dosing himself with Vicodin, sometimes twenty pills a day, chasing it down with Jack Daniel’s. Then one afternoon, sitting glumly in his apartment, pondering what his future held, he spied the copy of Into Thin Air on his bookshelf, given to him by an ex-girlfriend.


pages: 304 words: 82,395

Big Data: A Revolution That Will Transform How We Live, Work, and Think by Viktor Mayer-Schonberger, Kenneth Cukier

23andMe, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airport security, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, big data - Walmart - Pop Tarts, Black Swan, book scanning, business intelligence, business process, call centre, cloud computing, computer age, correlation does not imply causation, dark matter, double entry bookkeeping, Eratosthenes, Erik Brynjolfsson, game design, IBM and the Holocaust, index card, informal economy, intangible asset, Internet of things, invention of the printing press, Jeff Bezos, Joi Ito, lifelogging, Louis Pasteur, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, Moneyball by Michael Lewis explains big data, Nate Silver, natural language processing, Netflix Prize, Network effects, obamacare, optical character recognition, PageRank, paypal mafia, performance metric, Peter Thiel, post-materialism, random walk, recommendation engine, self-driving car, sentiment analysis, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, smart grid, smart meter, social graph, speech recognition, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, the scientific method, The Signal and the Noise by Nate Silver, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Davenport, Turing test, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!

Actuarial tables note that men over 50 are prone to prostate cancer, so members of that group may pay more for health insurance even if they never get prostate cancer. High-school students with good grades, as a group, are less likely to get into car accidents—so some of their less-learned peers have to pay higher insurance premiums. Individuals with certain characteristics are subjected to extra screening when they pass through airport security. That’s the idea behind “profiling” in today’s small-data world. Find a common association in the data, define a group of people to whom it applies, and then place those people under additional scrutiny. It is a generalizable rule that applies to everyone in the group. “Profiling,” of course, is a loaded word, and the method has serious downsides. If misused, it can lead not only to discrimination against certain groups but also to “guilt by association.”


pages: 254 words: 81,009

Busy by Tony Crabbe

airport security, British Empire, business process, cognitive dissonance, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, fear of failure, Frederick Winslow Taylor, haute cuisine, informal economy, inventory management, Isaac Newton, job satisfaction, knowledge worker, Lao Tzu, loss aversion, low cost airline, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Milgram experiment, placebo effect, Richard Feynman, Rubik’s Cube, Saturday Night Live, science of happiness, Shai Danziger, Thorstein Veblen, Tim Cook: Apple

Dead Time In the earlier stages of researching and writing this book, I was hyperstimulating. I wasn’t doing trivial stuff a lot of the time, I was learning and writing and working, but I was doing it without pause. I learned to be deliberately unproductive and bored as often as I can, at the times when it is most natural. For example, I no longer take my phone or Kindle to appointments like hairdressers or doctors, I deliberately allow all the wasted time traveling through airports (security, etc.) to stay wasted, and I drive and walk without music (mostly). My wasted time has become precious for me. I don’t think I would have written this book without all the dead time. Big Chunks The principle that made the most dramatic difference for me in writing this book, and in my other work, was big-chunking my time. I hear many authors talk about needing to write every day for momentum, doing a few hours at a set time.


pages: 803 words: 415,953

Frommer's Mexico 2009 by David Baird, Lynne Bairstow, Joy Hepp, Juan Christiano

airport security, AltaVista, Bartolomé de las Casas, centre right, colonial rule, East Village, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, indoor plumbing, low cost airline, low cost carrier, out of africa, Pepto Bismol, place-making, Skype, sustainable-tourism, the market place, urban planning, young professional

Department of State recommends that permission include travel dates, destinations, airlines, and a summary of the circumstances surrounding the travel. The child must be carrying the original letter (not a facsimile or scanned 07 285619-ch03.qxp 48 7/22/08 10:51 AM Page 48 C H A P T E R 3 . P L A N N I N G YO U R T R I P TO M E X I C O Cut to the Front of the Airport Security Line In 2003, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA; www.tsa.gov) approved a pilot program to help ease the wait time for airport security screenings. In exchange for information and a fee, persons can be prescreened as registered travelers, granting them a spot at the front of the line when they fly. The program is run through private firms—the largest and most well-known is Steven Brill’s Clear (www.flyclear.com), and it works like this: Travelers complete an online application providing specific points of personal information including name, addresses for the previous 5 years, birth date, social security number, driver’s license number, and a valid credit card (you’re not charged the $99 fee until your application is approved).

Manufactured in the United States of America 5 4 3 2 1 02 285619-ftoc.qxp 7/22/08 10:50 AM Page iii Contents List of Maps 1 viii What’s New in Mexico 1 The Best of Mexico 7 by David Baird, Lynne Bairstow, Juan Cristiano & Joy Hepp 1 The Best Beach Vacations . . . . . . . . . .7 7 2 The Best Cultural Experiences . . . . . .10 3 The Best Archaeological Sites . . . . . .11 8 4 The Best Active Vacations . . . . . . . . .12 9 5 The Best of Natural Mexico . . . . . . . .13 10 11 6 The Best Places to Get Away from It All . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 12 2 Mexico in Depth by David Baird 1 Mexico Today . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 2 Looking Back at Mexico . . . . . . . . . .24 It’s Just a Game . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 A Sticky Habit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 3 Eating & Drinking in Mexico . . . . . . .32 3 Planning Your Trip to Mexico by Juan Cristiano 1 Visitor Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 2 Entry Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 Cut to the Front of the Airport Security Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 Calendar of Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 3 When to Go . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 4 Getting There & Getting Around . . . .57 5 Money & Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63 The Best Art, Architecture & Museums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 The Best Shopping . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 The Best Luxury Hotels . . . . . . . . . . .17 The Best Inexpensive Inns . . . . . . . . .19 The Best Spa Resorts . . . . . . . . . . . .20 The Best Mexican Food & Drink . . . .21 23 Dining Service Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 4 The Regions in Brief . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 5 Mexico’s Art & Architecture . . . . . . . .38 6 Mexico in Popular Culture: Books, Film & Music . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 45 6 Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65 7 Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68 Smoke Free Mexico?

Miscellaneous Restaurant Terminology una cucharra a spoon un cuchillo a knife la cuenta the check un plato a plate un plato hondo a soup bowl la propina the tip una servilleta a napkin un tenedor a fork el vaso glass IVA value-added tax una fonda a food stall in the market or street; also used loosely or with nostalia to designate an informal restaurant 26 285619-bindex.qxp 7/22/08 11:47 AM Page 771 Index A cademia Falcón (Guanajuato), 210 Academia Hispano Americana (San Miguel), 197 Academic trips, 80–81 Acanceh, 651 Acapulco, 4, 379–403 accommodations, 391–397 American Express, 385 beaches, 386–387 boat excursions and cruises, 387–388 climate, 385 consular agents, 385 currency exchange, 385 getting around, 384–385 hospitals, 385 layout of, 384 nightlife, 401–403 outdoor activities, 388–389 post office, 386 restaurants, 397–401 safety, 386 shopping, 390–391 tourist police, 386 traveling to, 381 visitor information, 384 Acapulco Historical Museum, 390 Accommodations best, 17–21 boutique hotels, 80 tips on, 85–86 Active vacations, best, 12–13 Acuario (Veracruz), 519 Acuario Mazatlán, 350 AeroMéxico Vacations, 78 Agua Azul waterfalls, 480 Aguacatenango, 481, 489 Aguilar sisters, 470 Airport security, 48 Airport taxes, 60 Air tours, Puerto Vallarta, 305 Air travel, 2, 57, 60 Akab Dzib (Chichén Itzá), 670 Aktun Chen cavern, 609 Akumal, 588, 608–609 Alameda Park (Mexico City), 145 Alaska Airlines Vacations, 78 Alebrijes (Acapulco), 402 Alfarería Tlaquepaque (Puerto Vallarta), 316 Alpargatas, 673–674 Altitude sickness, 66–67 Alux (Playa del Carmen), 604 Amatenango del Valle, 481, 489 Amatlán, 187 American Airlines Vacations, 78 American Express Acapulco, 385 Campeche, 661 Cancún, 532 Chihuahua, 692 Cuernavaca, 178 Guadalajara, 276 Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, 407 Los Mochis, 689 Manzanillo, 372 Mazatlán, 347 Mérida, 631 Mexico City, 110 Morelia, 250 Oaxaca City, 449 Puebla, 499 Puerto Vallarta, 300 Querétaro, 224 San Luis, 242 San Miguel, 195 Veracruz, 517 Zacatecas, 234 AMTAVE (Asociación Mexicana de Turismo de Aventura y Ecoturismo, A.C.), 81 Angahuan, 271–272 Animal-rights issues, 77–78 Annual Witches Conference, 52 Año Nuevo, 51 Anthropology Museum (La Paz), 738 Anthropology Museum, Mérida, 636 Antigua, 523 Apple Vacations, 79 Aquarium, La Paz, 738 Aquarium, Veracruz, 519 Aqueduct, Morelia, 255 Aqueduct of Zacatecas, 236 Archaeological Conservancy, 80 Archaeological museums and exhibits.


pages: 897 words: 210,566

Shake Hands With the Devil: The Failure of Humanity in Rwanda by Romeo Dallaire, Brent Beardsley

airport security, colonial rule, failed state, global village, invisible hand, Khartoum Gordon, Kickstarter, land reform, risk/return, Ronald Reagan

I scrounged a bottle of whisky as a thank-you present to those men for their prescient advice. On April 18, I awoke to machine-gun fire and the sound of exploding grenades. The Force HQ was under bombardment. Today was the day that Luc was leaving with the Belgian contingent. He had been one of the first To Go or To Stay? 309 the ground, and his steady nerves and professionalism, his rock-solid sense, had provided me with a certain feeling of confidence, even He was handing over airport security to Colonel Yaache, the in the demilitarized zone, and Yaache and I met Luc at 0800 to discuss the last details. Luc did not look well. The the stress, the physical and mental pain and the crushing weight Kigali Sector command had finally worn him down, and he stood me slightly hunched and short of breath. I could see the shame, and uncertainty of his position reflected in his eyes. But he soon tened his back and got on with the job at hand, conveying the necinformation.

., 211 the Napoleon of Africa, 67 new vice-president, 475-7 opinion of BoohBooh, 355-6 pace of peace, 153, 200-1 preconditions for ceasefire, 250 refugees in Rwanda, 154-6 RPF site in Kigali, 127 transfer disruptions, 406-7 twenty-four-hour warning, 201, 291 the victor's map, 462 warning from, 247 Kagera, Tanzania, 199, 288, 292 Kagera National Park, 453 Kajuga, Robert, 346-7, 370 Kambanda, Jean, 285, 288-9, 316, 329-30 Kamenzi, Major Frank, 166, 300, 362, 423, 425, 440 attack on, 173 search of FrancoAfricans, 435 Kane, Mamadou, 172, 175, 300, 381 Kangura, 133, 183 Kanombe barracks, 187, 191 Kanyarengwe, Colonel Alexis, 65, 130, 475 Karamira, Froduald, 344, 347 Katimavik (training program, Canada), 30 Kavaruganda, Joseph, 161, 179-80, 212, 242-3 Kayibanda, Gregoire, 47 Keating, Colin, 298, 301, 319-20, 364, 374 Kesteloot, Major Henry, 142, 193, 318 Khan, Shaharvar, 437 556 Index description of, 459-60, 463 Operation Turquoise departure, 507 The Shallow Graves of Rwanda, 461Khartoum (movie), 274 KIBAT, 113 Kibungo, Rwanda, 291 Kibuye, Rwanda, 292 Kigali hospital, 360-2, 468-9, 491 Kigali International Airport Security Agree 285 Kigali Weapons Secure Area (KwsA) as an excuse, 189 description of, 87 signing of, 124-7 troops to support, 202-3 violations of, 144, 148-9, 159-60, 193, 226 "Kigame Nine" declaration, 464, 469 killings. See shootings and killings Kilometre 64, 125, 170 King Faisal Hospital, 158, 270, 291, 302413, 419-20 invasions of, 440-1 locked ward, 461-2 operational, 440n Kinihira, Rwanda, 102-3, 243, 365-6, 4( Kinyarwanda, 44, 110, 158.


pages: 309 words: 92,177

The Ghost by Robert Harris

airport security, carbon footprint, en.wikipedia.org, Nelson Mandela, stakhanovite, white picket fence

We badly need another pair of hands, if only to handle the media, but Adam can’t bring himself to replace Mike. They were together so long.” “And how long have you been with him?” “Eight years. I worked in Downing Street. I’m on attachment from the Cabinet Office.” “Poor Cabinet Office.” She flashed her nail-polish smile. “It’s my husband I miss the most.” “You’re married? I notice you’re not wearing a ring.” “I can’t, sadly. It’s far too large. It bleeps when I go through airport security.” “Ah.” We understood one another perfectly. “The Rhineharts also have a live-in Vietnamese couple, but they’re so discreet you’ll hardly notice them. She looks after the house and he does the garden. Dep and Duc.” “Which is which?” “Duc is the man. Obviously.” She produced a key from the pocket of her well-cut jacket and unlocked a big gunmetal filing cabinet, from which she withdrew a box file.


pages: 339 words: 94,769

Possible Minds: Twenty-Five Ways of Looking at AI by John Brockman

AI winter, airport security, Alan Turing: On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem, artificial general intelligence, Asilomar, autonomous vehicles, basic income, Benoit Mandelbrot, Bill Joy: nanobots, Buckminster Fuller, cellular automata, Claude Shannon: information theory, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, Danny Hillis, David Graeber, easy for humans, difficult for computers, Elon Musk, Eratosthenes, Ernest Rutherford, finite state, friendly AI, future of work, Geoffrey West, Santa Fe Institute, gig economy, income inequality, industrial robot, information retrieval, invention of writing, James Watt: steam engine, Johannes Kepler, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, John von Neumann, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, Laplace demon, Loebner Prize, market fundamentalism, Marshall McLuhan, Menlo Park, Norbert Wiener, optical character recognition, pattern recognition, personalized medicine, Picturephone, profit maximization, profit motive, RAND corporation, random walk, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Feynman, Rodney Brooks, self-driving car, sexual politics, Silicon Valley, Skype, social graph, speech recognition, statistical model, Stephen Hawking, Steven Pinker, Stewart Brand, strong AI, superintelligent machines, supervolcano, technological singularity, technoutopianism, telemarketer, telerobotics, the scientific method, theory of mind, Turing machine, Turing test, universal basic income, Upton Sinclair, Von Neumann architecture, Whole Earth Catalog, Y2K, zero-sum game

Proving things with unopenable black boxes can be a dangerous game for scientists, and doubly so for criminal justice. Other critics have underscored how perilous it is to rely on an accused (or convicted) person’s address or other variables that can easily become, inside the black box of algorithmic sentencing, a proxy for race. By dint of everyday experience, we have grown used to the fact that airport security is different for children under the age of twelve and adults over the age of seventy-five. What factors do we want the algorists to have in their often hidden procedures? Education? Income? Employment history? What one has read, watched, visited, or bought? Prior contact with law enforcement? How do we want algorists to weight those factors? Predictive analytics predicated on mechanical objectivity comes at a price.


pages: 304 words: 91,566

Bitcoin Billionaires: A True Story of Genius, Betrayal, and Redemption by Ben Mezrich

"side hustle", airport security, Albert Einstein, bank run, Ben Horowitz, bitcoin, blockchain, Burning Man, buttonwood tree, cryptocurrency, East Village, El Camino Real, Elon Musk, family office, fault tolerance, fiat currency, financial innovation, game design, Isaac Newton, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, Metcalfe’s law, new economy, offshore financial centre, paypal mafia, peer-to-peer, Peter Thiel, Ponzi scheme, QR code, Ronald Reagan, Ross Ulbricht, Sand Hill Road, Satoshi Nakamoto, Schrödinger's Cat, self-driving car, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart contracts, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Jobs, transaction costs, zero-sum game

But they were about to put their feet in. 11 THE REVERSE HEIST “Please remove any laptop computers, large electronic devices, metals, liquids, shoes, jackets.…” The drone of the bored TSA agent standing on the other side of the conveyer barely registered as Cameron unslung his black backpack from his shoulder. The TSA orders were, of course, redundant. Cameron had been flying since before he could walk. The poorly choreographed post-9/11 dance of airport security was second nature to him. His laptop was already on its way down toward the maw of the X-ray scanner. His high-tops were in the next bin, stacked on top of his leather wallet and keys. All that was left was the backpack. The thing felt like it weighed a hundred pounds, as Cameron directed it toward the third bin he’d retrieved from the tower by the start of the belt, but, in reality, it was quite light; when it got to the X-ray machine, all that the TSA agents were going to see were a couple of magazines, a comb, and a paperback book.


pages: 347 words: 90,234

You Can't Make This Stuff Up: The Complete Guide to Writing Creative Nonfiction--From Memoir to Literary Journalism and Everything in Between by Lee Gutkind

airport security, Albert Einstein, Atul Gawande, Columbine, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, Joan Didion, Mark Zuckerberg, New Journalism, non-fiction novel, Norman Mailer, out of africa, personalized medicine, publish or perish, Ronald Reagan, Stephen Hawking, working poor, Year of Magical Thinking

You can piece together snatches of who I am and the way I think from my flashlight, my Itch Eraser, my Cruex, my triple toothbrushes, and razors. It’s true I’m absentminded and cautious. I back myself up with flashlights and salves to avoid situations that might annoy me or curtail my activities. If I confessed these traits in an essay, you probably wouldn’t find them memorable, but in the context of an airport security search, the specifics of my shaving kit provided a porthole into my personality. Why did I go to New York in the first place? Because I felt compelled to get on a plane to break the spell of hesitation and alienation September 11 cast for me. Normally I’m on the road for a day nearly every week, but after September 11, I remained in my neighborhood for more than a month. After that month, I felt compelled to experience New York, to understand that in almost every respect it was the same city as before—more sober, wounded, and scarred, perhaps, but inherently unbreakable.


pages: 309 words: 95,495

Foolproof: Why Safety Can Be Dangerous and How Danger Makes Us Safe by Greg Ip

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Air France Flight 447, air freight, airport security, Asian financial crisis, asset-backed security, bank run, banking crisis, break the buck, Bretton Woods, business cycle, capital controls, central bank independence, cloud computing, collateralized debt obligation, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, currency peg, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, diversified portfolio, double helix, endowment effect, Exxon Valdez, financial deregulation, financial innovation, Financial Instability Hypothesis, floating exchange rates, full employment, global supply chain, hindsight bias, Hyman Minsky, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Rogoff, lateral thinking, London Whale, Long Term Capital Management, market bubble, money market fund, moral hazard, Myron Scholes, Network effects, new economy, offshore financial centre, paradox of thrift, pets.com, Ponzi scheme, quantitative easing, Ralph Nader, Richard Thaler, risk tolerance, Ronald Reagan, Sam Peltzman, savings glut, technology bubble, The Great Moderation, too big to fail, transaction costs, union organizing, Unsafe at Any Speed, value at risk, William Langewiesche, zero-sum game

To date, the FAA has remained steadfast in its refusal to require child seats, even while recommending that parents use them. How long it will hold out is anyone’s guess; advocates, including the NTSB and Lohr, continue to press for the change. While cost-benefit analysis won in that instance, it has not in another. After 9/11, a new federal agency, the Transportation Security Administration, was created to take over airport security screening from private companies. Passengers must submit to full body scans, surrender their pocket knives, remove their shoes, surrender liquids, and sometimes miss their flight if they’re unfortunate enough to share the name of someone on the terrorist watch list. The cost is staggering. Beyond the $5.60 per trip direct fee, one study put the value of added travel time due to security at $25 billion in 2005.


pages: 267 words: 91,984

Strength in What Remains by Tracy Kidder

airport security, clean water, colonial rule, out of africa

But they didn’t ask about coffee. How much money did he have? Two hundred dollars, Deo said with pride. The cash had been a gift from Jean. Exchanged for Burundian francs, it could have bought a lot of cows. But neither Muhammad nor the agents looked impressed. Where was he staying? Jean had told him he’d be asked this. A hotel, he said. The agents laughed. A week in a hotel on two hundred dollars? In 1994, airport security wasn’t what it soon would be. Muhammad said something in English to the agents. His words must have been the right ones, because after a few more questions, the agents shrugged at each other and let him through, into America. He had no idea what he’d do next. After six months on the run, he was in the habit of not looking ahead. God had taken care of him so far. And still was taking care of him, it seemed.


pages: 344 words: 93,858

The Post-American World: Release 2.0 by Fareed Zakaria

affirmative action, agricultural Revolution, airport security, anti-communist, Asian financial crisis, battle of ideas, Berlin Wall, Bretton Woods, BRICs, British Empire, call centre, capital controls, central bank independence, centre right, collapse of Lehman Brothers, conceptual framework, Credit Default Swap, currency manipulation / currency intervention, delayed gratification, Deng Xiaoping, double entry bookkeeping, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial innovation, global reserve currency, global supply chain, illegal immigration, interest rate derivative, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), knowledge economy, Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Wolf, mutually assured destruction, new economy, oil shock, open economy, out of africa, Parag Khanna, postindustrial economy, purchasing power parity, race to the bottom, reserve currency, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, South China Sea, Steven Pinker, The Great Moderation, Thomas L Friedman, Thomas Malthus, trade route, Washington Consensus, working-age population, young professional, zero-sum game

Index Abrahamic religions, 122, 171, 172 Abu Sayyaf, 11 Abyssinia, 195 Academy of Science, 211 Acheson, Dean, 255, 256 Acquaviva, Claudio, 124 Adams, James Truslow, 237 affirmative action, 109 Afghanistan, 13, 15, 54, 101, 172, 185, 199, 235–36, 241, 247, 260, 277, 284 Afghan War, 13, 241, 247, 260 Africa: agriculture in, 70 Chinese influence in, 129–32, 270 Christian population of, 98 colonization of, 65, 79, 80, 129, 156 corruption in, 130–32 economies of, 21n, 40, 68, 129, 130, 242–43 geography of, 77 instability of, 12–13, 20, 29, 40, 65, 68 national debts of, 130 natural resources of, 129 North, 12–13, 20, 80 slaves from, 79 sub-Saharan, 80 U.S. influence in, 270–71, 273 see also specific countries AFRICOM, 270–71 Aggarwal, Anil, 155 aging populations, 214–15 agriculture, 21, 30, 31, 32–33, 65–67, 70, 71–72, 100, 106, 112, 136, 151, 160 Agtmael, Antoine van, 2 Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud, 16, 55 AIDS, 149, 161 AIG, 43–44 air conditioners, 102 air pollution, 111 airport security, 280 Akbar, 75 Al-Azhar University, 15 Albright, Madeleine, 246 Alembert, Jean Le Rond d’, 123 alerts, terrorist, 277 algebra, 67 Algeria, 13 algorithm, 67 Al-Jabr wa-al-Muqabilah, 67 Al Jazeera, 96 al-Khwarizmi, 67 Al Qaeda, 5, 10–18, 172, 248n, 270, 277 Ambrose, Stephen, 37 American dream, 237 American Enterprise Institute, 213 Amery, Leo, 193 Amsterdam, 67 Anglo-Chinese Wars, 81 Angola, 284 Annan, Kofi, 272 anti-Americanism, 13, 35, 39, 42, 60, 166, 241, 245, 251–55, 274, 283 Apple, Inc., 203 Arab culture, 67, 75, 76, 77, 80, 98 Arab-Israeli conflict, 6, 96, 246 arbitrage, 27 architecture, 95, 98, 103, 105, 152 Argentina, 3, 26, 55, 115 Armenia, 209 Arnold, Thomas, 187 Arroyo, Gloria, 133 art, modern, 95 ash-Sheikh, Abdulaziz al, 15 Asia: agriculture in, 70 Chinese influence in, 132–36, 143, 173, 176–77, 259, 267, 281 colonization of, 79, 80–82, 156 demographics of, 214–15 East, 20, 23, 29, 32, 36, 52, 64n, 65, 122, 133, 214, 241–42, 245 economies of, 52, 75, 138, 151–52, 221 education in, 208–12 financial markets of, 221–22 geography of, 76 global influence of, 245, 257, 259 India’s influence in, 151–52, 173, 181 manufacturing sector of, 202–3 South, 21n, 52, 60 technology sector of, 200–208 U.S. influence in, 90, 241–42, 245, 259–60, 266, 267, 273–74, 280–81 Western influence in, 90, 93, 99 see also specific countries “Asian Tigers,” 26 assets, 219 Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), 132, 133 Atatürk, Kemal, 84 Australia, 78, 132, 143, 196, 252, 266 Austria, 223 automobile industry, 33, 110, 149, 192, 205, 225, 229–30, 244 Autor, David, 231 Bacon, Francis, 86 bailouts, 43, 44 Baker, James A., III, 39, 244 Bakiyev, Kurmanbek, 54 balance of power, 79 Bali bombings (2002), 11, 17 Balkans, 20, 29, 117–18, 245, 246, 247 Bangalore, 50 Bangladesh, 60, 159, 281 Ban Ki-moon, 30 banking industry, 36, 43–45, 81, 106, 107, 109, 110, 127, 139, 153, 157 Barma, Naazneen, 38 Barnett, Correlli, 262 “Base Structure Report” (2006), 262 Bay of Pigs invasion (1961), 20 BBC, 96, 120 Bear Stearns, xi Beijing, 71, 103, 105, 111, 137, 150, 211 “Beijing Consensus, The” (Ramo), 142–43 Beijing Olympic Games (2008), 5, 103, 105, 137 Belgium, 41 Berlin, 103 Berlin Wall, 24 Beveridge Plan, 197 Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), 158–59, 160, 178, 179–80 Bhutan, 166 Bialik, Carl, 205 Bible, 172 bicycles, 192 bin Laden, Osama, 12, 13, 14–15, 85, 269–70 biological weapons, 18 biotechnology, 201–2, 215 bipolar order, 4 Bismarck, Otto von, 198, 257, 266–67 Blackwill, Robert, 177 Blair, Tony, 274 Blinder, Alan, 230–31 Bloomberg, Michael, 220–21 “blue card,” 224 blue jeans, 88, 89, 91 Boer War, 188–90, 261 Bollywood, 90, 94, 147, 153–55 Bono, 272 Boorstin, Daniel, 69 Bosnia, 272 Brahmans, 74 “brain drain,” 167 brand names, 203 Brazil, xii, 2, 3–4, 19, 23, 26, 28–29, 39, 48, 49, 53, 55, 60, 79, 95, 98, 257, 258, 259, 263 Bretton Woods Conference (1944), 253 British East India Company, 60, 80, 82–83 British Empire, 36, 37, 57, 60, 65, 79, 80–83, 84, 89, 94, 97–98, 151, 154, 156, 158–59, 161, 162–63, 164, 170, 173, 179, 184–99, 237, 261–63, 266, 268 British Guiana, 194n broadband service, 28, 224–25 Brookings, Robert, 235 Brookings Institution, 235 Brzezinski, Zbigniew, 36 Buck, Pearl, 100 Buddhism, 124, 171, 172 budget deficits, 219, 241–42, 244 Buffett, Warren, 45–46 Bulgaria, 182 Burma, 79, 121, 264, 273 Burns, Ken, 37 Buruma, Ian, 187 Bush, George H.


pages: 334 words: 93,162

This Is Your Country on Drugs: The Secret History of Getting High in America by Ryan Grim

airport security, Alexander Shulgin, anti-communist, back-to-the-land, Burning Man, crack epidemic, double helix, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, East Village, failed state, global supply chain, Haight Ashbury, illegal immigration, John Markoff, Kickstarter, longitudinal study, mandatory minimum, new economy, New Urbanism, PIHKAL and TIHKAL, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Steve Jobs, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, union organizing, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban decay, women in the workforce

A UN report notes increases in use not only in South and Central America but also in Africa, where seizures jumped tenfold from 2003 to 2006 and then doubled again between 2006 and 2007. West African nations, which make Colombia and Mexico look like models of transparent governance, have become important stopping-off points for coke traffickers on the way to Europe. Out-of-work African youth make cheap foot soldiers, and drug runners with expensive equipment and weaponry have little to fear from airport security when the places have little access to electricity and cop cars with empty gas tanks. “Africa is under attack,” warned the UN’s Office on Drugs and Crime executive director Antonio Maria Costa in a Washington Post op-ed in 2008. “States that we seldom hear about, such as Guinea-Bissau and neighboring Guinea, are at risk of being captured by drug cartels in collusion with corrupt forces in government and the military.”


pages: 342 words: 90,734

Mysteries of the Mall: And Other Essays by Witold Rybczynski

additive manufacturing, airport security, Buckminster Fuller, City Beautiful movement, edge city, Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Bilbao, Jane Jacobs, kremlinology, Marshall McLuhan, new economy, New Urbanism, out of africa, Peter Calthorpe, Peter Eisenman, rent control, Silicon Valley, the High Line, urban renewal, young professional

Please use the search function on your e-reading device to search for terms of interest. For your reference, the terms that appear in the print index are listed below. Aalto, Alvar Abbey House, Barrow-in-Furness, England Ackerman, James S. acoustics, of concert halls and opera houses Beranek on reverberation times in shoe-box shape vs. fan shape in adaptive reuse Adirondack camps Adler & Sullivan AEG turbine hall, Berlin airport hotels airports, security at Alaska Highway Alberti, Leon Battista Aldrich, Chester Holmes Alleluia (Thompson) Allen, Paul Alofsin, Anthony AMC (American Multi-Cinema) American Academy of Arts and Letters American Institute of Architects American Social Science Association Amherst, Mass. Amsterdam Amsterdammertjes (bollards) Anacostia River waterfront, Washington, D.C. Anaheim, Calif. Anderson, June Ando, Tadao Apple headquarters, Cupertino, Calif.


Upstream: The Quest to Solve Problems Before They Happen by Dan Heath

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airport security, Albert Einstein, bank run, British Empire, Buckminster Fuller, call centre, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, colonial rule, correlation does not imply causation, cuban missile crisis, en.wikipedia.org, epigenetics, illegal immigration, Internet of things, mandatory minimum, millennium bug, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, payday loans, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, randomized controlled trial, self-driving car, Skype, Snapchat, subscription business, urban planning, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, Y2K

Imagine if a car that took more hours to build was more expensive. That would make no sense. Cars would not become better and cheaper if you paid for them that way.” At one point, I came across a commentary that highlighted American consumers’ world-leading access to MRI scans. We get them quicker and more often, apparently, than anyone else in the world. (USA! USA!) To take pride in that is a bit like bragging that Americans lead the world in receiving airport security pat-downs. I mean, if there’s something to find, it’s true that we’d like to find it quickly, but surely, we’d rather be the nation whose people need the least checking-over. (And as the Gil Welch turtles/rabbits logic implies, we might discover things that don’t need discovering.) What the MRI statistic illustrates is a simpler idea about our fee-for-service system: When you get paid for something, you do more of it.


Israel & the Palestinian Territories Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

active transport: walking or cycling, airport security, Albert Einstein, back-to-the-land, bike sharing scheme, carbon footprint, centre right, clean water, coronavirus, G4S, game design, illegal immigration, Khartoum Gordon, Louis Pasteur, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, Skype, South China Sea, special economic zone, spice trade, trade route, urban planning, Yom Kippur War, zero-sum game

If border officials suspect that you’re coming to take part in pro-Palestinian political activities or if you have an Arab or Muslim name, they may ask some probing questions; on occasion they have even searched laptops. Sometimes they take an interest in passport stamps from places such as Syria, Lebanon or Iran, but often they don't. The one sure way to get grilled is to sound evasive or to contradict yourself – the security screeners are trained to try to trip you up. Whatever happens, remain calm and polite. Israeli airport security – whether you're flying in on an Israeli carrier or flying out on any airline – is the strictest in the business. It unabashedly uses profiling, but not necessarily in the way you think. In 1986, a pregnant Irish woman, Anne Mary Murphy, almost boarded an El Al 747 in London with Semtex explosive hidden in her luggage – it had been placed there without her knowledge by her Jordanian boyfriend, Nezar Hindawi, who is still in prison in the UK.

Ultramodern Terminal 3 handles about 14 million passengers a year. For up-to-the-minute details on arrivals and departures, go to the airport's English website and click ‘On-Line Flights’ at the top. A handful of flights from Europe, most of them charters, touch down at Ovda airport, 60km north of Eilat. Should Ben-Gurion airport have to close, Ovda serves as a back-up (so does Larnaca, Cyprus). Israeli airport security is very tight so international travellers should check in at least three hours prior to their flight – when flying both to and from Israel. Airlines Israel’s privatised flag carrier, El Al (LY; %03-977 1111; www.elal.co.il), has direct flights to several dozen cities in Western and Eastern Europe, as well as long-haul services to New York (Kennedy), Newark, Toronto, Los Angeles, Johannesburg, Mumbai, Bangkok, Hong Kong and Beijing; some flights to Asian destinations are codeshares.


pages: 736 words: 233,366

Roller-Coaster: Europe, 1950-2017 by Ian Kershaw

airport security, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Boris Johnson, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business cycle, centre right, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, deindustrialization, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, European colonialism, eurozone crisis, Exxon Valdez, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, falling living standards, feminist movement, first-past-the-post, fixed income, floating exchange rates, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, full employment, illegal immigration, income inequality, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, labour market flexibility, land reform, late capitalism, liberal capitalism, liberation theology, low skilled workers, mass immigration, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, Nelson Mandela, North Sea oil, Northern Rock, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, open borders, precariat, price stability, quantitative easing, race to the bottom, reserve currency, rising living standards, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Sinatra Doctrine, The Chicago School, trade liberalization, union organizing, upwardly mobile, washing machines reduced drudgery, Washington Consensus, Winter of Discontent, young professional

Foreign investment in Europe itself was by the end of the century almost double that in the United States. Once the Euro had been introduced in 2002, currency transactions in Europe were greatly simplified. Business benefited. So did foreign travellers. Travellers could enjoy remarkably cheap air travel that allowed easy access, for business or pleasure, to far-flung destinations. Even after 9/11 had brought fortress-like changes to airport security the thirst for foreign travel (and the ease of undertaking it) was scarcely affected. International tourism was big business. People moved from continent to continent as never before. Travel to international conferences and business meetings expanded. Students, under the European Union’s Erasmus programme, could study without difficulty in countries outside their own, transferring their qualifications from one university to another beyond national borders.

The first was that intensified security diminished civil liberties. Freedom to go places, see things, or move freely was in a variety of ways impaired. Security precautions, warnings, ubiquitous surveillance cameras or physical manifestations such as unsightly blocks of concrete outside public buildings exposed to possible ramming by vehicles became a regular part of everyday experience. Long queues at airport security checks or passport controls were accepted as the unfortunate but necessary price to pay to ensure safe travel. Attending any big public event or even visiting a museum also required patience to pass through security controls. All the precautions could be tolerated; freedom was limited, not destroyed. But life had become far less pleasant. A second major consequence was that parties of the extreme right gained a fresh headwind.


pages: 337 words: 103,273

The Great Disruption: Why the Climate Crisis Will Bring on the End of Shopping and the Birth of a New World by Paul Gilding

airport security, Albert Einstein, Bob Geldof, BRICs, carbon footprint, clean water, cleantech, Climategate, commoditize, corporate social responsibility, creative destruction, decarbonisation, energy security, Exxon Valdez, failed state, fear of failure, income inequality, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Joseph Schumpeter, market fundamentalism, mass immigration, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, new economy, nuclear winter, oil shock, peak oil, Ponzi scheme, purchasing power parity, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, union organizing, University of East Anglia

For all the reasons we discussed earlier, this will translate not just into local economic impacts, but into global ones as well, including the end of economic growth as we know it. People will then “feel” the issue in a new and directly personal way. Even those not personally affected will be able to relate to it. Terrorism was a powerful example of this. Even though few were directly affected by the 9/11 attacks, people around the world felt an emotional engagement with those who did. As a result, enormous political and economic changes were accepted from new airport security measures to changes to legal rights to two wars—because people could relate to the issues in a new way. So the train hurtling toward us will become clear as the fog lifts, forcing us to jump rather than be hit. We will explore how this will unfold in the next few chapters. Second, we need to remember that this type of response is normal for our species. We wait until the last minute and then we jump.


pages: 342 words: 95,013

The Zenith Angle by Bruce Sterling

airport security, Burning Man, cuban missile crisis, digital map, glass ceiling, Grace Hopper, half of the world's population has never made a phone call, Iridium satellite, market bubble, new economy, packet switching, pirate software, profit motive, RFID, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman: Challenger O-ring, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, thinkpad, Y2K

To make up for it, he’d have to work twice as hard on the Virginia summit, really dig deep into the rabbit hat . . . Van looked at himself in the mirror, leaning close to take it in without his glasses. He had been a damned fool. He tiptoed away as Ted cooed and burbled. He silently fetched his backpack from the foot of Dottie’s bed. He returned to the bathroom with the jet-black SWAT knife. He couldn’t fly back to Washington with this throat-cutting pigsticker. Airport security would go nuts over it. But he’d bought it. It was his. It was stupid to not find some kind of use for it. Van grabbed a thick mess of beard and had at it. The knife went through his bristles like they were cotton candy. Six minutes later Van was looking at his bare face while Ted happily sucked on and spat a loose fistful of his beard. The SWAT knife was beyond razor-sharp. It had taken his beard off like a laser.


pages: 381 words: 102,966

Fatherland by Robert Harris

airport security, index card

When March's turn came, he saw how his passport baffled the customs man. An SS-Sturmbannführer with only a twenty-four-hour visa? The normal signals of rank and privilege, usually so clear, were too confused to read. Curiosity and servility warred in the customs man's face. Servility, as usual, won. "Enjoy your journey, Herr Sturmbannführer." On the other side of the barrier, March resumed his study of airport security. All luggage was scanned by X ray. He was frisked, then asked to open his case. Each item was inspected—the sponge bag unzipped, the shaving foam uncapped and sniffed. The guards worked with the care of men who knew that if an aircraft were lost to hijackers or a terrorist bomb during their watch, they would spend the next five years in a KZ. Finally he was clear of the checks. He patted his inside pocket to make sure Stuckart's letter was still there, turned the little brass key over in his other hand.


pages: 323 words: 100,923

This Is Not Fame: A "From What I Re-Memoir" by Doug Stanhope

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airport security, bitcoin, Donald Trump, obamacare, pre–internet, Saturday Night Live, Stephen Hawking, telemarketer, traveling salesman

I’ve said it onstage and I’ll say here again, I’d be more confident crossing through customs at an international border with bricks of hashish taped to my body than simply getting through innocently with my Bingo. For someone who has flown about half a million miles with me to twenty-some countries on four different continents, I still wouldn’t be surprised to catch her using her passport as a coaster or forgetting to take off a metal jousting helmet before passing through the scanner at airport security. (This not something she has actually worn on an airplane but something that wouldn’t be out of the question.) The idea of her traveling by herself is even more distressing. I stood at the international arrivals gate at London’s Heathrow Airport. Bingo was coming to join me in the middle of a run at the Soho Theatre. It was her first time flying alone internationally and even though I’d given her a thorough woodshedding on the dos and don’ts, I wasn’t at all confident.


pages: 340 words: 97,723

The Big Nine: How the Tech Titans and Their Thinking Machines Could Warp Humanity by Amy Webb

Ada Lovelace, AI winter, Airbnb, airport security, Alan Turing: On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem, artificial general intelligence, Asilomar, autonomous vehicles, Bayesian statistics, Bernie Sanders, bioinformatics, blockchain, Bretton Woods, business intelligence, Cass Sunstein, Claude Shannon: information theory, cloud computing, cognitive bias, complexity theory, computer vision, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, Deng Xiaoping, distributed ledger, don't be evil, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, Filter Bubble, Flynn Effect, gig economy, Google Glasses, Grace Hopper, Gödel, Escher, Bach, Inbox Zero, Internet of things, Jacques de Vaucanson, Jeff Bezos, Joan Didion, job automation, John von Neumann, knowledge worker, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, natural language processing, New Urbanism, one-China policy, optical character recognition, packet switching, pattern recognition, personalized medicine, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, ride hailing / ride sharing, Rodney Brooks, Rubik’s Cube, Sand Hill Road, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, SETI@home, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, skunkworks, Skype, smart cities, South China Sea, sovereign wealth fund, speech recognition, Stephen Hawking, strong AI, superintelligent machines, technological singularity, The Coming Technological Singularity, theory of mind, Tim Cook: Apple, trade route, Turing machine, Turing test, uber lyft, Von Neumann architecture, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, zero day

I was at a travel industry meeting in Houston a few weeks after the United incident, and I asked senior technology executives about what role AI might have played. My hypothesis: the algorithmic decision-making dictated a set of predetermined steps to resolve the situation without using any context. The system decided that there weren’t enough seats, calculated the amount of compensation to offer initially, and when no resolution was achieved, it then recalibrated compensation again. When a passenger didn’t comply, the system recommended calling airport security. The staff involved were mindlessly following what was on their screens, automatically obeying an AI system that wasn’t programmed for flexibility, circumstance, or empathy. The tech executives, who weren’t United employees, didn’t deny the real problem: on the day that Dao was dragged off the plane, human staff had ceded authority to an AI system that was designed by relatively few individuals who probably hadn’t thought enough about the future scenarios in which it would be used.


pages: 349 words: 95,972

Messy: The Power of Disorder to Transform Our Lives by Tim Harford

affirmative action, Air France Flight 447, Airbnb, airport security, Albert Einstein, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Amazon Web Services, assortative mating, Atul Gawande, autonomous vehicles, banking crisis, Barry Marshall: ulcers, Basel III, Berlin Wall, British Empire, Broken windows theory, call centre, Cass Sunstein, Chris Urmson, cloud computing, collateralized debt obligation, crowdsourcing, deindustrialization, Donald Trump, Erdős number, experimental subject, Ferguson, Missouri, Filter Bubble, Frank Gehry, game design, global supply chain, Googley, Guggenheim Bilbao, high net worth, Inbox Zero, income inequality, industrial cluster, Internet of things, Jane Jacobs, Jeff Bezos, Loebner Prize, Louis Pasteur, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, Merlin Mann, microbiome, out of africa, Paul Erdős, Richard Thaler, Rosa Parks, self-driving car, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, telemarketer, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Turing test, urban decay, William Langewiesche

Brown his tidy desk, which back in June could barely be seen for all the clutter, he admits. When asked for a peek inside his drawers, Mr. Scovie tried to steer the conversation to the placement of a desk blocking his access to some filing cabinets. Pressed, Mr. Scovie reluctantly agreed to open his drawers, one of which he warned was “really nasty.”9 The humiliation is palpable. The description evokes a parent nagging a child to tidy her room, or airport security patting down a suspected hijacker. One perfectly competent employee is being harassed by another perfectly competent employee to satisfy the pointless demands of a company rule book. Haslam and Knight carried out the most explicit test of the importance of giving workers freedom to control their workspace, but other researchers have also pointed in that direction. In one study, NASA sent marine biologists to work for weeks on end in a tiny undersea lab—a truly tough environment, but the biologists loved it.


pages: 307 words: 102,734

The Black Nile: One Man's Amazing Journey Through Peace and War on the World's Longest River by Dan Morrison

airport security, colonial rule, indoor plumbing, Joan Didion, Khartoum Gordon, land reform, Mahatma Gandhi, Potemkin village, Rubik’s Cube, Silicon Valley

I sat at the back, stretched out my legs, then stood up and grabbed a set of acoustic earmuffs from a thin cord stretched across the cabin. The engine kicked on and thrummed for a moment, sending up nimbuses of dust before the chopper beetled on fat tires down the run-way and hauled us off the ground. The soldiers were tall and wiry, the fruit of India’s northern Hindu belt, most of them mustached, wearing pressed green camouflage uniforms. When I worked as a reporter in South Asia, I was often asked by Indian airport security officers: Where are you from? From America. But where were you from before that? The beard and black Easy Rider hair convinced the airport bulls I was some kind of Afghan or Arab. Now my interrogators’ army cousins were trapped in a metal can several hundred feet above the Nile, waiting, I imagined, for the unkempt stranger to scream “Allahu Akbar!” and light them up with an explosive satchel.


pages: 308 words: 96,604

American Pain: How a Young Felon and His Ring of Doctors Unleashed America’s Deadliest Drug Epidemic by John Temple

airport security, barriers to entry, citizen journalism, illegal immigration, Mason jar, McMansion, offshore financial centre

Broward County drug court judges saw defendants from places like Harlan County or Hazard at nearly every arraignment. Pain clinic staffers kept an eye on weather patterns in Kentucky and West Virginia; if a winter storm hit the mountains, business in Florida would be slow. Lots of Kentuckians and Tennesseeans began dying in South Florida motels that catered to the oxy-tourists. Likewise, coroners and ER doctors and airport security in Kentucky began recognizing the names of certain South Florida physicians after seeing them repeatedly on amber pill bottles they’d confiscated. Sandwiched between Miami-Dade and Palm Beach Counties, Bro-ward County was the epicenter of the new painkiller trade. The newspapers were catching on to the story. Board of Medicine members had been calling reporters at the major South Florida papers for some time, trying to get them to write about the proliferation of pain clinics, to little avail.


pages: 279 words: 96,180

Anything to Declare?: The Searching Tales of an HM Customs Officer by Jon Frost

airport security, blood diamonds, British Empire, friendly fire, haute cuisine, IFF: identification friend or foe, Louis Blériot

So as a test Martin placed the bag to one side and started asking why our passenger was travelling from Amsterdam. And, bingo, with the bag now apparently discounted, Cree perceptibly relaxed. ‘Tell’ no. 2. Martin passed the bag to me to be X-rayed. Once again, in the early days for technology, Customs didn’t have the money to supply all airports with X-ray machines, but luckily I was on good terms with airport security and they had two of the machines in the outbound lounge search area. I X-rayed the bag upwards, downwards, sideways and on its ends but nothing showed. Defeated, I walked back and plopped the bag back on to the table. Billy Cree gave the smallest of smiles. ‘Let me guess: nothing. You found bugger all! See, I’ve been telling you, I’m fucking clean and you lot are picking on me. My lawyer will have your plastic sheriff’s badges for this!’


pages: 372 words: 101,678

Lessons from the Titans: What Companies in the New Economy Can Learn from the Great Industrial Giants to Drive Sustainable Success by Scott Davis, Carter Copeland, Rob Wertheimer

3D printing, activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, additive manufacturing, Airbnb, airport security, barriers to entry, business cycle, business process, clean water, commoditize, coronavirus, corporate governance, COVID-19, Covid-19, disruptive innovation, Elon Musk, factory automation, global pandemic, hydraulic fracturing, Internet of things, iterative process, low cost airline, low cost carrier, Marc Andreessen, megacity, Network effects, new economy, Ponzi scheme, profit maximization, random walk, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, risk tolerance, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, six sigma, skunkworks, software is eating the world, strikebreaker, Toyota Production System, Uber for X, winner-take-all economy

Admittedly, the early years after the euphoria of the tech bubble along with GE’s outsized reputation would have been a tough situation for any leader, but Immelt didn’t rise to the occasion. Instead of Welch’s bold, savvy bets, which were financed with the strong cash flow that came from patient attention to costs and productivity, he became fascinated with the hottest new trends, financed largely with debt. After the dark days of 9/11, he went into airport security, but he had no strategy for developing a competitive advantage. He paid a hefty price to acquire a number of subscale security firms that had no real connection to each other, only later to be sold at a big discount and loss to United Technologies. Then he made a play in clean water, but the myriad of acquired assets never quite fit together and were likewise sold at a big loss. This pattern went on and on for the better part of 15 years.


pages: 339 words: 105,938

The Skeptical Economist: Revealing the Ethics Inside Economics by Jonathan Aldred

airport security, Berlin Wall, carbon footprint, citizen journalism, clean water, cognitive dissonance, congestion charging, correlation does not imply causation, Diane Coyle, endogenous growth, experimental subject, Fall of the Berlin Wall, first-past-the-post, framing effect, greed is good, happiness index / gross national happiness, hedonic treadmill, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, job satisfaction, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, labour market flexibility, laissez-faire capitalism, libertarian paternalism, longitudinal study, new economy, Pareto efficiency, pension reform, positional goods, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, risk tolerance, school choice, spectrum auction, Thomas Bayes, trade liberalization, ultimatum game

The number may be inaccurate, but it differs from the truth in predictable and systematic ways. But in the messy world of decision making, perfect quantification is usually a myth. Many attempts to quantify involve arbitrary assumptions. In 1226, TWA Flight 800 crashed near Long Island, New York. Shortly afterwards, Robert Hahn, an influential US economist and policy adviser, tried to estimate the costs and benefits of improved airport security. The benefit estimate was based simply on the number of deaths caused by terrorism up to that time, and the research concluded that the costs of improved security outweighed the benefits.34 Then there was 11 September 2001: that awful day could hardly have been anticipated five years earlier — but nevertheless, it was supremely foolish to use the past as a reliable guide to predicting future levels of terrorism.


pages: 335 words: 107,779

Some Remarks by Neal Stephenson

airport security, augmented reality, barriers to entry, British Empire, cable laying ship, call centre, cellular automata, edge city, Eratosthenes, Fellow of the Royal Society, Hacker Ethic, impulse control, Iridium satellite, Isaac Newton, Jaron Lanier, John von Neumann, Just-in-time delivery, Kevin Kelly, music of the spheres, Norbert Wiener, offshore financial centre, oil shock, packet switching, pirate software, Richard Feynman, Saturday Night Live, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Skype, slashdot, social web, Socratic dialogue, South China Sea, special economic zone, Stephen Hawking, the scientific method, trade route, Turing machine, undersea cable, uranium enrichment, Vernor Vinge, X Prize

Their weight per square foot is no more than that of a normal human in an office chair (treadmill plus human has more weight than the human alone, of course, but it is spread out over a larger area). Walking at one to one and a half miles per hour is a completely different proposition from speed-walking in a health club; you amble along at about the rate of a coach-class traveler moving through an airport security queue, and breaking a sweat is unlikely. While on the topic of sweat, it might be helpful here to distinguish among three different general levels of physical exertion, from most to least intense. Aerobic exercise is something that everyone is supposed to perform for at least thirty minutes a day, five days a week. The heart is beating at 60 to 80 percent of its maximum rate (where maximum rate is a figure calculated mostly on the basis of age; a fifty-year-old man’s maximum is something like 170, so, doing the math, aerobic exercise should put his pulse rate in the band of about 100 to 136 beats per minute).


pages: 389 words: 108,344

Kill Chain: The Rise of the High-Tech Assassins by Andrew Cockburn

airport security, anti-communist, drone strike, Edward Snowden, friendly fire, Google Earth, license plate recognition, RAND corporation, risk/return, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, too big to fail, WikiLeaks

Though there were fewer histrionics, there was little increase in useful intelligence about al-Qaeda operations, though this was not for want of opportunity. In December 1999, the National Security Agency intercepted a phone call to a known al-Qaeda safe house in Yemen mentioning that two members were headed to a meeting in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. En route, the passport of one, Khalid al-Midhar, who would later help fly American Airlines Flight 77 into the south face of the Pentagon, was copied by Dubai airport security and passed to Alec Station in Washington. Although it bore a multiple-entry visa for the United States that had been issued in Saudi Arabia, the CIA office did not inform the FBI that someone connected to al-Qaeda intended to travel to the United States. Amazingly, a pair of FBI agents assigned as liaisons to the bin Laden unit knew that two known terrorists were headed to the U.S. but were forbidden to relay this vital intelligence to their home agency, which was responsible for domestic terrorist threats.


pages: 351 words: 108,068

The Man Who Was Saturday by Patrick Bishop

airport security, Alistair Cooke, anti-communist, British Empire, collective bargaining, Etonian, pre–internet, Winter of Discontent

Whatever passed between them was not communicated to the children, let alone to any of the vast array of accumulated political and business colleagues and acquaintances (Neave owned to having very few real friends). Nonetheless, those around him sensed a deep hurt and guessed that the war was to blame. Veronica Beckett, who worked as his secretary in the early 1960s, recalled being told – perhaps by Diana – that he would ‘sometimes wake in the night screaming’.9 The children too have their recollections of behaviour that hinted at hidden scars, such as his irrational fear of airport security scanners. The phobia is confirmed by a diary entry more than thirty years after the ‘home run’ from Colditz. ‘I loathe travel,’ he wrote after arriving in Florence for a holiday with Diana in April 1973. ‘It reminds me of my escape, with the meticulous preparations to get through controls … I am very neurotic about this and panic easily.’ Psychotherapy was in its infancy in Britain, and a Conservative politician who admitted to undergoing it risked damage to his reputation.


pages: 403 words: 106,707

Endure: Mind, Body, and the Curiously Elastic Limits of Human Performance by Alex Hutchinson

airport security, animal electricity, experimental subject, Fellow of the Royal Society, Frederick Winslow Taylor, glass ceiling, Iridium satellite, medical residency, meta analysis, meta-analysis, placebo effect, randomized controlled trial, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Stanford marshmallow experiment, technoutopianism, Walter Mischel

Would their feat have been possible without the route-finding and trail-blazing of the aided climbers who went before them? “Never” is a long time, but I suspect the mountain would still be unclimbed to this day. The shoes add yet another wrinkle. On the day of the half-marathon, the New York Times publishes a grainy CT scan of a prototype, sent in by Yannis Pitsiladis, who heads a rival sub-two initiative, in which the carbon-fiber plate looks like a hidden knife revealed by airport security.4 The plate, the Times claims, is “meant to act as a kind of slingshot, or catapult, to propel runners forward.” Are such shoes, with their reported 4 percent efficiency boost, really fair? In a way, running is facing the same dilemma that confronted cycling’s governing body in the 1990s when they decided to “freeze” the technology permissible for the Hour record, and that faced swimming when they decided to ban polyurethane “fast suits” in 2010.


pages: 350 words: 109,521

Our 50-State Border Crisis: How the Mexican Border Fuels the Drug Epidemic Across America by Howard G. Buffett

airport security, clean water, collective bargaining, defense in depth, Donald Trump, illegal immigration, immigration reform, linked data, low skilled workers, moral panic

Alternatively, and more long term, we should use our fifteen years of post-9/11 experience to rethink DHS and its mission. In addition to the tough conclusions of the Coburn report in 2015, many different analysts have noted that the grouping of agencies in DHS has not created the powerful synergies it was designed to achieve. “Americans are not safer because the head of DHS is simultaneously responsible for airport security and governmental efforts to counter potential flu epidemics,” Cato Institute analyst David Rittgers wrote in 2011. Rittgers proposed breaking apart DHS entirely, returning many of the component agencies to their original parent agencies and creating a “Border Security Administration” that would combine customs, immigration, and border patrol under one command.4 I think that is an interesting idea, and the increasing complexity of border threats should elevate the importance of such a command to a seat on the National Security Council.


pages: 380 words: 104,841

The Human Age: The World Shaped by Us by Diane Ackerman

23andMe, 3D printing, additive manufacturing, airport security, Albert Einstein, augmented reality, back-to-the-land, carbon footprint, clean water, dark matter, dematerialisation, double helix, Drosophila, epigenetics, Google Earth, Google Glasses, haute cuisine, Internet of things, Loebner Prize, Louis Pasteur, Masdar, mass immigration, megacity, microbiome, nuclear winter, personalized medicine, phenotype, Ray Kurzweil, refrigerator car, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, SETI@home, skunkworks, Skype, stem cell, Stewart Brand, the High Line, theory of mind, urban planning, urban renewal, Whole Earth Catalog

Wake Forest engineers recently invented Power Felt, a nanotube fabric that generates electricity from the difference in temperature between room heat and body heat. You could start your laptop by plugging it into your jeans, recharge your cell phone by tucking it into a pocket. Then, not only would your cells sizzle with electricity, even your couture clothing could chime in. Would a fully electric suit upset flight electronics, pacemakers, airport security monitors, or the brain’s cellular dispatches? If you wore an electric coat in a lightning storm, would the hairs on the back of your neck stand up? Would you be more prey to a lightning strike? How long will it be before late-night hosts riff about electric undies? Will people tethered to recharging poles haunt airport waiting rooms? Will it become hip to wear flashing neon ads, quotes, and designs—maybe a lover’s name in a luminous tattoo?


pages: 341 words: 111,525

Blood River: A Journey to Africa's Broken Heart by Tim Butcher

airport security, blood diamonds, clean water, colonial exploitation, colonial rule, discovery of the americas, European colonialism, failed state, Live Aid, Livingstone, I presume, Scramble for Africa, transatlantic slave trade

The city below us is home to nine million people, but from the air it seemed as small as a riverside village next to the vast expanse of water. I tried to imagine how Stanley felt when, at the end of his threeyear-long journey, he reached this sea-like stretch. My own feelings were perfectly clear as I reached the scruffy arrivals hall at the airport. I was terrified. I can still picture the pudgy face of the airport security official as he spotted a Ugandan visa in my passport. Like the reels of a slot-machine shuddering to a jackpot, his pupils flickered both with suspicion and greed. Uganda was still at war with the Kabila regime and, seeing that I had been there only a few months earlier, the official started whispering to his boss. The only word I could make out was espion, spy, but it was enough to make my heart stand still.


pages: 540 words: 103,101

Building Microservices by Sam Newman

airport security, Amazon Web Services, anti-pattern, business process, call centre, continuous integration, create, read, update, delete, defense in depth, don't repeat yourself, Edward Snowden, fault tolerance, index card, information retrieval, Infrastructure as a Service, inventory management, job automation, Kubernetes, load shedding, loose coupling, microservices, MITM: man-in-the-middle, platform as a service, premature optimization, pull request, recommendation engine, social graph, software as a service, source of truth, the built environment, web application, WebSocket

Even if your functionality is broken, it could take you many hours to find out — at which point many of us would already have moved on to other activities, and the context switch in shifting our brains back to fix the issue is painful. We can ameliorate some of this by running tests in parallel — for example, making use of tools like Selenium Grid. However, this approach is not a substitute for actually understanding what needs to be tested and actively removing tests that are no longer needed. Removing tests is sometimes a fraught exercise, and I suspect shares much in common with people who want to remove certain airport security measures. No matter how ineffective the security measures might be, any conversation about removing them is often countered with knee-jerk reactions about not caring about people’s safety or wanting terrorists to win. It is hard to have a balanced conversation about the value something adds versus the burden it entails. It can also be a difficult risk/reward trade-off. Do you get thanked if you remove a test?


pages: 459 words: 109,490

Merchant of Death: Money, Guns, Planes, and the Man Who Makes War Possible by Stephen Braun, Douglas Farah

air freight, airport security, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, blood diamonds, Donald Trump, en.wikipedia.org, failed state, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, offshore financial centre, out of africa, plutocrats, Plutocrats, private military company

Russian and Arab ground crews hefted off heavy pallets stacked high with appliances, construction materials, and military equipment. “The only reason to be in Sharjah was smuggling,” the senior Ariana executive said. “In Sharjah, it was anything goes.”13 Inspection was lax and regulations easily skirted. Planes regularly landed and took off at late hours. Ground crews were adept at whisking cargos on and off in the enveloping early-morning darkness without interference from airport security men. Abdul Shakur Arefee, an Ariana flight engineer who flew frequently through Sharjah in the late 1990s, watched puzzled as arriving planes taxied off to dimly lit nooks, where ground crews hustled shipments on and off without interference from airport inspectors. “In Dubai, all the cargo would have to be taken off near the gates. No exceptions,” Arefee recalled. “But in Sharjah, there was not too much tight security.


pages: 382 words: 107,150

We Are All Fast-Food Workers Now: The Global Uprising Against Poverty Wages by Annelise Orleck

airport security, American Legislative Exchange Council, anti-communist, Bernie Sanders, big-box store, British Empire, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, card file, clean water, collective bargaining, corporate social responsibility, deindustrialization, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, Ferguson, Missouri, financial deregulation, Food sovereignty, gig economy, global supply chain, global value chain, immigration reform, indoor plumbing, Kickstarter, land reform, land tenure, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, McJob, means of production, new economy, payday loans, precariat, race to the bottom, Rana Plaza, rent-seeking, ride hailing / ride sharing, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, shareholder value, Skype, special economic zone, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, union organizing, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, working poor

Even more than a living wage, these movements are fighting for respect. In Manila, fast-food workers sing the 1967 Otis Redding/Aretha Franklin anthem as they block rush-hour traffic: “R-E-S-P-E-C-T. Find out what it means to me.” I have heard that word from hotel workers in Providence, strawberry pickers in Oxnard, garment workers in Phnom Penh, airport workers in New York City. “You need to respect the job and the role we play,” says airport security guard Canute Drayton. “Bosses need to know that we are not garbage.” Around the world, low-wage workers are outlining a coherent vision of what a human-centered, post-neoliberal world might look like. What RESPECT means to them is this: a living wage; freedom of assembly, the right to unionize; job security, benefits; safe working conditions; an end to dispossessions, an end to deportations, and restraints on plunder of the earth for profit.


Bit Rot by Douglas Coupland

3D printing, Airbnb, airport security, bitcoin, Burning Man, delayed gratification, dematerialisation, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Google Glasses, Guggenheim Bilbao, index card, jimmy wales, Lyft, Marshall McLuhan, Maui Hawaii, McJob, Menlo Park, nuclear paranoia, Pepto Bismol, pre–internet, Ray Kurzweil, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, Skype, Stanford marshmallow experiment, Ted Kaczynski, The Future of Employment, uber lyft, young professional

On my first trip to Japan, my hotel used an industrial cleaning agent that smelled like artificial peaches. About once a year I’ll smell it in an unlikely place, like a European airport or a mall in the United States, and I’m right back in pre-bubble-collapse Tokyo. I wish they made a cologne that smelled like it. I’d wear it every day. I try to wear Eau Sauvage, but it keeps getting confiscated by airport security screeners because I always forget to not put it in my carry-on. There are more odours I wish I could bottle: freshly sharpened pencils; a bag of Halloween candy; car exhaust in the 1960s, back when they put lead in it; a freshly peeled tangerine. A smell I don’t miss? High-end magazines from the 1990s that were laced with scratch-and-sniff perfume cards. Gag. A friend of mine worked as a consultant for American Flavors and Fragrances, and he told me that the reason supermarkets have in-store bakeries is because the smell of bread is the one smell, more than any other, that makes people buy more food than they set out to buy.


Coastal California by Lonely Planet

1960s counterculture, airport security, Albert Einstein, Asilomar, back-to-the-land, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, buy and hold, California gold rush, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, Donner party, East Village, El Camino Real, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Frank Gehry, global village, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute cuisine, illegal immigration, Joan Didion, Khyber Pass, Kickstarter, Loma Prieta earthquake, low cost airline, Mason jar, McMansion, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, stealth mode startup, Steve Wozniak, trade route, transcontinental railway, Upton Sinclair, urban sprawl, white picket fence, women in the workforce, working poor, Works Progress Administration, young professional, Zipcar

For details, check www.getyouhome.gov. »All foreign passports must meet current US standards and be valid for at least six months longer than your intended stay. »MRP passports issued or renewed after October 26, 2006 must be e-passports (ie have a digital photo and integrated chip with biometric data). For more information, consult www.cbp.gov/travel. Air »To get through airport security checkpoints (30-minute wait times are standard), you’ll need a boarding pass and photo ID. »Some travelers may be required to undergo a secondary screening, involving hand pat-downs and carry-on-bag searches. »Airport security measures restrict many common items (eg pocketknives) from being carried on planes. Check current restrictions with the Transportation Security Administration (TSA; 866-289-9673; www.tsa.gov). »Currently, TSA requires that all carry-on liquids and gels be stored in 3oz or smaller bottles placed inside a quart-sized clear plastic zip-top bag.


Western USA by Lonely Planet

airport security, Albert Einstein, Apple II, Asilomar, back-to-the-land, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Burning Man, California gold rush, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, Charles Lindbergh, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, Donner party, East Village, edge city, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Frank Gehry, global village, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, haute cuisine, illegal immigration, intermodal, Joan Didion, Kickstarter, Loma Prieta earthquake, Mahatma Gandhi, Mars Rover, Maui Hawaii, off grid, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, South of Market, San Francisco, starchitect, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, supervolcano, trade route, transcontinental railway, Upton Sinclair, urban planning, women in the workforce, Works Progress Administration, young professional, Zipcar

US and Canadian children under age 16 can also enter using their birth certificate, a Consular Report of Birth Abroad, Naturalization Certificate or Canadian Citizenship Card. All other nationals must carry their passport and, if needed, visas for entering Mexico and reentering the US. Regulations change frequently, so get the latest scoop at www.cbp.gov. Security » To get through airport security checkpoints (30-minute wait times are standard), you’ll need a boarding pass and photo ID. » Some travelers may be required to undergo a secondary screening, involving hand pat-downs and carry-on luggage searches. » Airport security measures restrict many common items (eg pocket knives) from being carried on planes. Check current restrictions with the Transportation Security Administration (TSA; 866-289-9673; www.tsa.gov). » Currently, TSA requires that all carry-on liquids and gels be stored in 3oz or smaller bottles placed inside a quart-sized clear plastic zip-top bag.


pages: 422 words: 119,439

Lunar Park by Bret Easton Ellis

airport security, McMansion, Norman Mailer, Ronald Reagan

Carrying out this plan was my only focus (I was not going to be waylaid by anything) and so by two o’clock on that Thursday afternoon I had already booked a flight and—after meeting with Marta at the hotel to explain that the house on Elsinore Lane was being fumigated and she would be staying with the children at the Four Seasons until I returned on Sunday—I was driving to the Midland Airport. While steering the Range Rover down the empty interstate, I called ICM and asked them to set up the meeting with Ford’s people for the following day since I was flying in that night and was leaving Sunday morning. Everything went so efficiently that it was almost as if I had willed it. There was no traffic, I was whisked through airport security, the plane left on schedule, it was a smooth flight and we landed before the estimated arrival time at Long Beach (since so much of LAX was under reconstruction). When I spoke to Jayne while driving down the 405 toward Sunset she was “glad” (which I interpreted as “relieved”) that I was doing this for myself. I had opted out on the Chateau Marmont since it was a haunt from the drug days and stayed at the Bel Air Hotel instead; it was close to the dinner party that the producer of the Harrison Ford project had invited me to when he heard I was coming to town, and also to my mother’s house in the Valley.


pages: 380 words: 118,675

The Everything Store: Jeff Bezos and the Age of Amazon by Brad Stone

airport security, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Amazon Web Services, bank run, Bernie Madoff, big-box store, Black Swan, book scanning, Brewster Kahle, buy and hold, call centre, centre right, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, Clayton Christensen, cloud computing, collapse of Lehman Brothers, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, Danny Hillis, Douglas Hofstadter, Elon Musk, facts on the ground, game design, housing crisis, invention of movable type, inventory management, James Dyson, Jeff Bezos, John Markoff, Kevin Kelly, Kodak vs Instagram, late fees, loose coupling, low skilled workers, Maui Hawaii, Menlo Park, Network effects, new economy, optical character recognition, pets.com, Ponzi scheme, quantitative hedge fund, recommendation engine, Renaissance Technologies, RFID, Rodney Brooks, search inside the book, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, six sigma, skunkworks, Skype, statistical arbitrage, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, Thomas L Friedman, Tony Hsieh, Whole Earth Catalog, why are manhole covers round?, zero-sum game

In other words, a customer was given five dollars just to buy something on the site. It was a clever but transparent ploy, an effort to inflict further pain on Zappos. Employees who worked on Endless say that, naturally, this was Jeff Bezos’s idea. Yet Zappos still continued to grow. Its 2007 gross sales hit $840 million and in 2008 it topped $1 billion. That year, Bezos learned that Zappos was advertising on the bottoms of the plastic bins at airport-security checkpoints. “They are outthinking us!” he snapped at a meeting. But inside Zappos, a big problem had emerged. It had been acquiring inventory with a revolving $100 million line of credit, and the financial crisis, which intensified with the collapse of Lehman Brothers in the fall of 2008, froze the capital markets. With consumer spending declining, Zappos’ inventory constrained by new borrowing limits, and the competition with Amazon cutting into the company’s profit margins, Zappos’ previously spectacular annual growth rate collapsed to a modest 10 percent.


pages: 404 words: 113,514

Atrocity Archives by Stross, Charles

airport security, anthropic principle, Berlin Wall, brain emulation, British Empire, Buckminster Fuller, defense in depth, disintermediation, experimental subject, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, hypertext link, Khyber Pass, mandelbrot fractal, Menlo Park, MITM: man-in-the-middle, NP-complete, the medium is the message, Y2K, yield curve

A secretary who looks like she's made of fine bone china waves me through the biometric scanner, somehow manages to refrain from inhaling in my presence (you'd think I hailed from the Pestilence Division at Porton Down), and finally ushers me into a small cubicle furnished with a hard wooden bench (presumably to make me feel at home). The inner door opens and a big, shorthaired guy in a white shirt and black tie clears his throat and says, "Robert Howard, this way please." I follow him and he drops one of those silly badge-chains over my head then pushes me through a metal detector and gives me a cursory going over with a wand, airport security style. I grit my teeth. They know exactly who I am and who I work for: they're just doing this to make a point. He relieves me of my Leatherman multitool, my palmtop computer, my Maglite torch and pocket screwdriver set, the nifty folding keyboard, the MP3 walkman, the mobile phone, and a digital multimeter and patch cable set I'd forgotten about. "What's all this, then?" he asks. "Do you guys ever go anywhere without your warrant card and handcuffs?


pages: 561 words: 114,843

Startup CEO: A Field Guide to Scaling Up Your Business, + Website by Matt Blumberg

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, airport security, Albert Einstein, bank run, Ben Horowitz, Broken windows theory, crowdsourcing, deskilling, fear of failure, high batting average, high net worth, hiring and firing, Inbox Zero, James Hargreaves, Jeff Bezos, job satisfaction, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, Lean Startup, Mark Zuckerberg, minimum viable product, pattern recognition, performance metric, pets.com, rolodex, Rubik’s Cube, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Skype

Some of the time that isn’t in a structured meeting invariably turns to brainstorming or more idle work chatter. Some great ideas have come out of flights I’ve taken in the past 13 years! Finally, my colleague and I get more social time than usual on a plane. Social time is an incredibly important part of managing and developing personal connections with employees. Time spent next to each other in the air, in an airport security line or lounge or in a rental car always lends itself to learning more about what’s going on in someone’s life. Don’t get me wrong: even when I travel with someone from Return Path, we each have some quiet time to read, work, sleep and contemplate life. The work and work-related aspects of the experience are not to be ignored. 3. Time for myself. You can see that I value staying fresh, which I do by a combination of taking time for myself and pursuing hobbies outside of work.


pages: 349 words: 114,038

Culture & Empire: Digital Revolution by Pieter Hintjens

4chan, airport security, AltaVista, anti-communist, anti-pattern, barriers to entry, Bill Duvall, bitcoin, blockchain, business climate, business intelligence, business process, Chelsea Manning, clean water, commoditize, congestion charging, Corn Laws, correlation does not imply causation, cryptocurrency, Debian, Edward Snowden, failed state, financial independence, Firefox, full text search, German hyperinflation, global village, GnuPG, Google Chrome, greed is good, Hernando de Soto, hiring and firing, informal economy, intangible asset, invisible hand, James Watt: steam engine, Jeff Rulifson, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, M-Pesa, mass immigration, mass incarceration, mega-rich, MITM: man-in-the-middle, mutually assured destruction, Naomi Klein, national security letter, Nelson Mandela, new economy, New Urbanism, Occupy movement, offshore financial centre, packet switching, patent troll, peak oil, pre–internet, private military company, race to the bottom, rent-seeking, reserve currency, RFC: Request For Comment, Richard Feynman, Richard Stallman, Ross Ulbricht, Satoshi Nakamoto, security theater, selection bias, Skype, slashdot, software patent, spectrum auction, Steve Crocker, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, Stuxnet, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, The Wisdom of Crowds, trade route, transaction costs, twin studies, union organizing, wealth creators, web application, WikiLeaks, Y2K, zero day, Zipf's Law

This still works with many people, though fewer than before. You can only cry wolf a few times before people switch off. We simply don't think about it. As with any bad news that affects us all, be it climate change, nuclear meltdown in Japan, rising fuel prices, deforestation, pollution, and so on, we deal with it by making it someone else's problem. Sure, it's bad, yet it affects so many people. So someone else will fix it. It's much like airport security, which everyone knows is pointless and annoying theater. We tolerate it unless it makes us miss our connections, because it's more fun than being ignored. Airports are frankly boring places. If every street-smart flier complains about the TSA, isn't that just because some people enjoy complaining? The ritual of checking papers is a comedy that makes many people feel a little better. I think when we lived small lives, our secrets were more precious.


pages: 458 words: 112,885

The Prodigal Tongue: The Love-Hate Relationship Between American and British English by Lynne Murphy

airport security, British Empire, cognitive bias, cognitive dissonance, Downton Abbey, en.wikipedia.org, illegal immigration, invention of the printing press, joint-stock company, moral panic, pre–internet, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, smart cities, Steven Pinker, too big to fail, transatlantic slave trade, young professional

Americans love to make up and say funny words too, like: bloviate ‘talk, without much to say’ lickety-split ‘quickly’ gonzo ‘a subjective style of journalism’ hootenanny ‘an improvised folk concert’ mugwump ‘an independent politician’ discombobulate ‘come apart, put out of sorts’—and its recent partner . . . recombobulation: ‘the process of putting yourself back together after clearing airport security’ And let’s not forget the silliest American word of them all: bumbershoot. Grating, sloppy American and careful, correct British Our Transatlantic friends do have one grievous fault: their misuse of the English language. If only they could be persuaded to bring the same ruthless rigour to bear on vocabulary as they do on dentistry, all would be well. “Constance Harding” in the Telegraph (2012)35 When I lived in South Africa in the 1990s, I got to be on the panel of SABC Radio’s language program, Word of Mouth.


pages: 386 words: 113,709

Why We Drive: Toward a Philosophy of the Open Road by Matthew B. Crawford

1960s counterculture, Airbus A320, airport security, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, Bernie Sanders, Boeing 737 MAX, British Empire, Burning Man, call centre, collective bargaining, crony capitalism, deskilling, digital map, don't be evil, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Fellow of the Royal Society, gig economy, Google Earth, hive mind, income inequality, informal economy, Internet of things, Jane Jacobs, labour mobility, Lyft, Network effects, New Journalism, New Urbanism, Nicholas Carr, Ponzi scheme, Ralph Nader, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Sam Peltzman, security theater, self-driving car, sharing economy, Shoshana Zuboff, Silicon Valley, smart cities, social graph, social intelligence, Stephen Hawking, technoutopianism, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, too big to fail, traffic fines, Travis Kalanick, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, Unsafe at Any Speed, urban planning, Wall-E, Works Progress Administration

Just as with mechanized traffic enforcement, this social apparatus has to characterize people as childlike in their vulnerability, and the world as bristling with hazards that need to be regulated. A further parallel is that the system guarantees more collisions, as it were, and hence calls for more intervention. Our social amber time is approaching zero. 10.Jason Chaffetz, former chairman of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, details the absurdities of airport security theater in his book The Deep State. In contemporary America, the role of Congress appears to be mainly that of brokering business deals, using its budgetary oversight of the administrative state (the customer) to take a brokerage fee in the form of campaign contributions from vendors—while distracting voters with culture war. Meanwhile, the substantive political disputes underlying the culture war are settled elsewhere, by the courts and by executive branch fiat. 11.Claire Berlinski wrote in January 2019 that “according to the police, there have so far been 1,700 serious injuries among the protesters, and 1,000 among law-enforcement officers.” 12.As reported by CNN, via Newsweek: Brendan Cole, “Yellow Vest Protesters Vandalized or Destroyed 60 Percent of France’s Speed-Camera Network,” Newsweek, January 11, 2019, https://www.newsweek.com/yellow-vest-protesters-have-vandalized-or-destroyed-60-frances-entire-speed-1287832 (italics added). 13.Matt Labash, “Getting Rear-Ended by the Law,” Weekly Standard, April 3, 2002, https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/weekly-standard/getting-rear-ended-by-the-law. 14.NHTSA, “Traffic Safety Facts, 2016 Data: Speeding,” p. 1, https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812480. 15.One would have to query the data with custom-designed regressions to get at the interactions among these relevant factors.


pages: 389 words: 112,319

Think Like a Rocket Scientist by Ozan Varol

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, airport security, Albert Einstein, Amazon Web Services, Andrew Wiles, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, Arthur Eddington, autonomous vehicles, Ben Horowitz, Cal Newport, Clayton Christensen, cloud computing, Colonization of Mars, dark matter, delayed gratification, different worldview, discovery of DNA, double helix, Elon Musk, fear of failure, functional fixedness, Gary Taubes, George Santayana, Google Glasses, Google X / Alphabet X, Inbox Zero, index fund, Isaac Newton, James Dyson, Jeff Bezos, job satisfaction, Johannes Kepler, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, late fees, lateral thinking, lone genius, longitudinal study, Louis Pasteur, low earth orbit, Marc Andreessen, Mars Rover, meta analysis, meta-analysis, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, multiplanetary species, obamacare, Occam's razor, out of africa, Peter Thiel, Pluto: dwarf planet, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman: Challenger O-ring, Ronald Reagan, Sam Altman, Schrödinger's Cat, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Simon Singh, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Thomas Malthus, Upton Sinclair, Vilfredo Pareto, We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters, Whole Earth Catalog, women in the workforce, Yogi Berra

“It’s difficult to get a man to understand something,” Upton Sinclair said, “when his salary depends on his not understanding it.” If you were a horse breeder in Detroit in the early 1900s, you would have assumed that your competition was other breeders raising stronger and faster horses. If you ran a cab company ten years ago, you would have assumed that your competition was other cab companies. If you run airport security, you assume that the primary threat will come from another guy with a bomb in his shoe, so you “solve” terrorism by making everyone take off their shoes. In each case, the past drowns out the future. Steady as she goes—until you hit an iceberg. Research shows that we become increasingly rule bound as we grow older.4 Events begin to rhyme. Days begin to repeat. We regurgitate the same overworn sound bites, stick to the same job, talk to the same people, watch the same shows, and maintain the same product lines.


pages: 465 words: 124,074

Atomic Obsession: Nuclear Alarmism From Hiroshima to Al-Qaeda by John Mueller

airport security, Albert Einstein, Black Swan, Cass Sunstein, conceptual framework, cuban missile crisis, Doomsday Clock, energy security, F. W. de Klerk, failed state, long peace, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, nuclear winter, oil shock, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, side project, uranium enrichment, William Langewiesche, Yom Kippur War

Deterrence, Arms Control, and Disarmament. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University Press. Slovic, Paul. 2000. “Perception of Risk from Radiation.” In The Perception of Risk, ed. Paul Slovic. London: Earthscan, 264–74. Smith, Derek D. 2006. Deterring America: Rogue States and the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Smith, Patrick. 2007. “The Airport Security Follies.” nytimes.com 28 December. jetlagged.blogs.nytimes.com/author/psmith/2007/12/28/ Smith, R. Jeffrey, and David Hoffman. 1997. “No Support Found for Report of Lost Russian Suitcase-Sized Nuclear Weapons.” Washington Post 5 September: A19. Smoke, Richard. 1993. National Security and the Nuclear Dilemma: An Introduction to the American Experience in the Cold War. 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.


pages: 257 words: 56,811

The Rough Guide to Toronto by Helen Lovekin, Phil Lee

airport security, British Empire, car-free, glass ceiling, global village, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, haute cuisine, indoor plumbing, Jane Jacobs, joint-stock company, Khyber Pass, Kickstarter, Marshall McLuhan, megacity, place-making, urban renewal, urban sprawl

Toronto is served from the US by Greyhound (US T1-800/229-9424; Canada T1-800/661-8747, Wwww.greyhound.com). Trips to Toronto from major cities such as New York, Detroit, Chicago and Montréal take eleven, six, fifteen and eight hours, respectively. From Los Angeles, it’s about a two-and-a-half-day journey, so budget and time constraints are the determining factors here. By Rail Rail travel to Toronto has become more popular, given the increased amount of time spent in airport security lines over the last few years. As with buses, Toronto’s train terminal, the graceful old Union Station, is conveniently located downtown. Train travel does takes time, however: a trip from New York City is thirteen hours (which includes a wait of about an hour and twenty minutes at the border) and it takes around fifteen hours from Chicago. If you are coming to Toronto from a US city, you’ll arrive on one of VIA Rail Wwww Canada’s (T1-888/842-7245, .viarail.com) passenger trains.


pages: 525 words: 116,295

The New Digital Age: Transforming Nations, Businesses, and Our Lives by Eric Schmidt, Jared Cohen

access to a mobile phone, additive manufacturing, airport security, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Amazon Web Services, anti-communist, augmented reality, Ayatollah Khomeini, barriers to entry, bitcoin, borderless world, call centre, Chelsea Manning, citizen journalism, clean water, cloud computing, crowdsourcing, data acquisition, Dean Kamen, drone strike, Elon Musk, failed state, fear of failure, Filter Bubble, Google Earth, Google Glasses, hive mind, income inequality, information trail, invention of the printing press, job automation, John Markoff, Julian Assange, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, Law of Accelerating Returns, market fundamentalism, means of production, MITM: man-in-the-middle, mobile money, mutually assured destruction, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, offshore financial centre, Parag Khanna, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer lending, personalized medicine, Peter Singer: altruism, Ray Kurzweil, RFID, Robert Bork, self-driving car, sentiment analysis, Silicon Valley, Skype, Snapchat, social graph, speech recognition, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, Stewart Brand, Stuxnet, The Wisdom of Crowds, upwardly mobile, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks, young professional, zero day

The most important form of data to collect for an autocrat isn’t Facebook posts or Twitter comments—it’s biometric information. “Biometric” refers to information that can be used to uniquely identify individuals through their physical and biological attributes. Fingerprinting, photographs and DNA testing are all familiar biometric data types today. Indeed, the next time you visit Singapore, you might be surprised to find that airport security requires both a filled-out customs form and a scan of your voice. In the future, voice-recognition and facial-recognition software will largely surpass all of these earlier forms in accuracy and use. The facial-recognition systems of today use a camera to zoom in on an individual’s eyes, mouth and nose, and extract a “feature vector,” which is a set of numbers that describes key aspects of the image, such as the precise distance between the eyes.


pages: 413 words: 119,587

Machines of Loving Grace: The Quest for Common Ground Between Humans and Robots by John Markoff

"Robert Solow", A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, AI winter, airport security, Apple II, artificial general intelligence, Asilomar, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, basic income, Baxter: Rethink Robotics, Bill Duvall, bioinformatics, Brewster Kahle, Burning Man, call centre, cellular automata, Chris Urmson, Claude Shannon: information theory, Clayton Christensen, clean water, cloud computing, collective bargaining, computer age, computer vision, crowdsourcing, Danny Hillis, DARPA: Urban Challenge, data acquisition, Dean Kamen, deskilling, don't be evil, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Hofstadter, Dynabook, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, factory automation, From Mathematics to the Technologies of Life and Death, future of work, Galaxy Zoo, Google Glasses, Google X / Alphabet X, Grace Hopper, Gunnar Myrdal, Gödel, Escher, Bach, Hacker Ethic, haute couture, hive mind, hypertext link, indoor plumbing, industrial robot, information retrieval, Internet Archive, Internet of things, invention of the wheel, Jacques de Vaucanson, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, John Conway, John Markoff, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, John von Neumann, Kevin Kelly, knowledge worker, Kodak vs Instagram, labor-force participation, loose coupling, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, medical residency, Menlo Park, Mitch Kapor, Mother of all demos, natural language processing, new economy, Norbert Wiener, PageRank, pattern recognition, pre–internet, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Stallman, Robert Gordon, Rodney Brooks, Sand Hill Road, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, semantic web, shareholder value, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Singularitarianism, skunkworks, Skype, social software, speech recognition, stealth mode startup, Stephen Hawking, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, strong AI, superintelligent machines, technological singularity, Ted Nelson, telemarketer, telepresence, telepresence robot, Tenerife airport disaster, The Coming Technological Singularity, the medium is the message, Thorstein Veblen, Turing test, Vannevar Bush, Vernor Vinge, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, Whole Earth Catalog, William Shockley: the traitorous eight, zero-sum game

In 1962 he had taken a job at Varian Associates, an early Silicon Valley firm making a range of magnetometers. His assignment was to find new applications for these instruments that could detect minute variations in the Earth’s magnetic field. Varian was the perfect match for Breiner’s 360-degree intelligence. For the first time highly sensitive magnetometers were becoming portable, and there was a willing market for clever new applications that would range from finding oil to airport security. Years later Breiner would become something of a high-tech Indiana Jones, using the technology to explore archaeological settings. In Breiner’s expert hands, Varian magnetometers would find avalanche victims, buried treasure, missing nuclear submarines, and even buried cities. Early on he conducted a field experiment from a site behind Stanford, where he measured the electromagnetic pulse (EMP) generated by a 1.4-megaton nuclear detonation 250 miles above the Earth.


pages: 427 words: 127,496

Mossad: The Greatest Missions of the Israeli Secret Service by Michael Bar-Zohar, Nissim Mishal

airport security, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, illegal immigration, Stuxnet, traveling salesman, uranium enrichment, WikiLeaks, Yom Kippur War

The organization would never recover, after all its leaders had been killed. All but one. In Tel Aviv, the documents seized during Spring of Youth helped solve a mystery that had preoccupied the Mossad for the previous two years. That was the Passover Affair. In April 1971, two young, pretty Frenchwomen landed at Lod airport and tried to go through immigration with fake French passports. The airport security had received an early warning about their arrival. The girls were taken to a side room where they were searched by policewomen and Shabak female officers. The search revealed something strange: the women’s clothing, including their underwear, weighed twice what would feel like its normal weight. The policewomen found that the Frenchwomen’s clothes were saturated by some white powder. Apparently, the clothes had been immersed in a thick solution that contained the white powder.


pages: 366 words: 123,151

The Routes of Man: How Roads Are Changing the World and the Way We Live Today by Ted Conover

airport security, Atahualpa, carbon footprint, Deng Xiaoping, East Village, financial independence, Google Earth, mass immigration, megacity, mutually assured destruction, New Urbanism, nuclear winter, off grid, Ronald Reagan, transatlantic slave trade, urban planning, urban renewal

I was delighted and relieved, because the Lagos airport is an almost mythically awful place, notorious among travelers for shakedowns by officials, and also the only airport on earth about which the U.S. government had seen fit, at various times, to post signs in American airports alerting travelers that “the U.S. Secretary of Transportation has determined that Murtala Muhammed Airport, Lagos, Nigeria, does not maintain and carry out effective airport security measures.” I read the phrase again on a special page of my plane ticket, and was reminded to pass my arrival information on to Agbonifo so that he could tell Bill. No sooner had I said “airport” on the phone than Agbonifo told me to make sure I arrived in the morning, so that I wouldn’t have to drive into the city when it was dark: bandits prey on cars leaving the airport at night, he warned.


pages: 381 words: 120,361

Sunfall by Jim Al-Khalili

airport security, artificial general intelligence, augmented reality, Carrington event, cosmological constant, cryptocurrency, dark matter, David Attenborough, Fellow of the Royal Society, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet of things, invisible hand, Kickstarter, mass immigration, megacity, MITM: man-in-the-middle, off grid, pattern recognition, Silicon Valley, smart cities, sorting algorithm, South China Sea, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Turing test

If all went to plan, the authorities would be hunting for her in and around the vast Central Station for long enough to buy her the time she needed to board her flight. She chose a seat towards the back of the carriage and, for the second time in the space of a few minutes, slumped down exhausted, grateful that the other passengers were ignoring her. The squelch jammer could still do the trick of disrupting the airport security cameras, but she should now assume the new identity that Evren had provided for her. There would surely be heightened security at the airport, but if the e-pill she’d taken did what it was meant to then any cameras and scanners running surveillance software would register her fake ID. She sighed inwardly: it was a big if. She just hoped that there were no Savak agents at the airport, as they wouldn’t need to rely on biometric software to identify her.


pages: 472 words: 117,093

Machine, Platform, Crowd: Harnessing Our Digital Future by Andrew McAfee, Erik Brynjolfsson

"Robert Solow", 3D printing, additive manufacturing, AI winter, Airbnb, airline deregulation, airport security, Albert Einstein, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Amazon Web Services, artificial general intelligence, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, backtesting, barriers to entry, bitcoin, blockchain, British Empire, business cycle, business process, carbon footprint, Cass Sunstein, centralized clearinghouse, Chris Urmson, cloud computing, cognitive bias, commoditize, complexity theory, computer age, creative destruction, crony capitalism, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, Dean Kamen, discovery of DNA, disintermediation, disruptive innovation, distributed ledger, double helix, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Erik Brynjolfsson, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, everywhere but in the productivity statistics, family office, fiat currency, financial innovation, George Akerlof, global supply chain, Hernando de Soto, hive mind, information asymmetry, Internet of things, inventory management, iterative process, Jean Tirole, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, John Markoff, joint-stock company, Joseph Schumpeter, Kickstarter, law of one price, longitudinal study, Lyft, Machine translation of "The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak." to Russian and back, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Mitch Kapor, moral hazard, multi-sided market, Myron Scholes, natural language processing, Network effects, new economy, Norbert Wiener, Oculus Rift, PageRank, pattern recognition, peer-to-peer lending, performance metric, plutocrats, Plutocrats, precision agriculture, prediction markets, pre–internet, price stability, principal–agent problem, Ray Kurzweil, Renaissance Technologies, Richard Stallman, ride hailing / ride sharing, risk tolerance, Ronald Coase, Satoshi Nakamoto, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, slashdot, smart contracts, Snapchat, speech recognition, statistical model, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, supply-chain management, TaskRabbit, Ted Nelson, The Market for Lemons, The Nature of the Firm, Thomas Davenport, Thomas L Friedman, too big to fail, transaction costs, transportation-network company, traveling salesman, Travis Kalanick, two-sided market, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, ubercab, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, winner-take-all economy, yield management, zero day

The recent decline in the number of bank tellers in the United States indicates to us that once virtualization that is robust enough becomes available for a given process, many people will take advantage of it, especially as time passes and more and more of the population consists of “digital natives.” This is especially true if the human option takes longer or is otherwise less efficient and pleasant. If completely automated and equally safe and private airport security suddenly became available, how many of us would choose to stand in line and be screened by a human TSA agent? After enough technical progress, enough experimentation, and enough iteration, we believe that automated and digitally mediated processes will become quite widespread and will take the place of many that are now mediated by people. We believe, in short, that virtualization is a secular trend, where “secular” is used in the way the finance industry uses it: to denote a long-term development that will unfold over several years, rather than a short-term fluctuation.


pages: 402 words: 126,835

The Job: The Future of Work in the Modern Era by Ellen Ruppel Shell

3D printing, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, airport security, Albert Einstein, Amazon Mechanical Turk, basic income, Baxter: Rethink Robotics, big-box store, blue-collar work, Buckminster Fuller, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Clayton Christensen, cloud computing, collective bargaining, computer vision, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, deskilling, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, factory automation, follow your passion, Frederick Winslow Taylor, future of work, game design, glass ceiling, hiring and firing, immigration reform, income inequality, industrial robot, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, job automation, job satisfaction, John Markoff, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, Joseph Schumpeter, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, Kodak vs Instagram, labor-force participation, low skilled workers, Lyft, manufacturing employment, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, means of production, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, new economy, Norbert Wiener, obamacare, offshore financial centre, Paul Samuelson, precariat, Ralph Waldo Emerson, risk tolerance, Robert Gordon, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Rodney Brooks, Ronald Reagan, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, shareholder value, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Snapchat, Steve Jobs, The Chicago School, Thomas L Friedman, Thorstein Veblen, Tim Cook: Apple, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, universal basic income, urban renewal, white picket fence, working poor, Y Combinator, young professional, zero-sum game

It is also common at warehouses, and increasingly in offices, where employers claim to use cameras for “security purposes.” And also, of course, at airports. “Baggage screeners have it especially tough,” Anteby told me. “They feel they are ‘disappeared’ into the woodwork, interchangeable, no more than a code number. The only way they can get noticed as individuals is to screw up. And that’s what those surveillance cameras are about.” I had been through countless airport security checks, and found it hard to believe that TSA agents felt so beleaguered. While some seem bored, most appeared cheerful and even empathic. There was that TSA comradery, where agents josh among themselves and sometimes with passengers. But speaking with an actual TSA agent, I learned that these benefits are undercut by management practices that can take all the fun—and sense of purpose—out of the job.


pages: 385 words: 121,550

Three Years in Hell: The Brexit Chronicles by Fintan O'Toole

airport security, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, blockchain, Bob Geldof, Boris Johnson, British Empire, centre right, cognitive dissonance, congestion charging, deindustrialization, deliberate practice, Dominic Cummings, Donald Trump, Double Irish / Dutch Sandwich, Downton Abbey, Etonian, eurozone crisis, facts on the ground, Fall of the Berlin Wall, first-past-the-post, full employment, income inequality, l'esprit de l'escalier, labour mobility, late capitalism, open borders, Slavoj Žižek, South China Sea, technoutopianism, zero-sum game

They are big figures in academic life in England, Scotland and the United States – including some of the most distinguished historians of British politics, art, literature and science. So with the author, the editors and the peer reviewers, there are at least twenty-five super-educated people, most of them professional historians, who read that in 1707 ‘England… also included Wales and parts of Ireland’ and did not cry out in amazement. This egregious piece of nonsense got through the intellectual equivalent of high-level airport security screening and set off no alarms. Now, okay, this is one half-sentence in one book. Five years ago, it would barely have seemed worthy of complaint. But in the great upheaval of British politics since 2016, we’ve all had a crash course in ignorance. It has become increasingly clear that the nature of what Theresa May calls the ‘precious, precious union’ is in fact increasingly unclear to much of the political and intellectual nexus in Britain.


pages: 482 words: 121,173

Tools and Weapons: The Promise and the Peril of the Digital Age by Brad Smith, Carol Ann Browne

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, AI winter, airport security, Albert Einstein, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, Boeing 737 MAX, business process, call centre, Celtic Tiger, chief data officer, cloud computing, computer vision, corporate social responsibility, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, en.wikipedia.org, immigration reform, income inequality, Internet of things, invention of movable type, invention of the telephone, Jeff Bezos, Mark Zuckerberg, minimum viable product, national security letter, natural language processing, Network effects, new economy, pattern recognition, precision agriculture, race to the bottom, ransomware, Ronald Reagan, Rubik’s Cube, school vouchers, self-driving car, Shoshana Zuboff, Silicon Valley, Skype, speech recognition, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, Tim Cook: Apple, WikiLeaks, women in the workforce

As we described it, new legislation should “require that entities that deploy facial recognition undertake meaningful human review of facial recognition results prior to making final decisions for what the law deems to be ‘consequential use cases’ that affect consumers. This includes where decisions may create a risk of bodily or emotional harm to a consumer, where there may be implications on human or fundamental rights, or where a consumer’s personal freedom or privacy may be impinged.” Smith, “Facial Recognition.” Back to note reference 20. A camera that uses facial recognition at a specific location like an airport security checkpoint to help identify a terrorist suspect is one example. Even in this instance, however, it’s important to require meaningful human review by trained personnel before a decision is made to detain someone. Back to note reference 21. Carpenter v. United States, No. 16-402, 585 U.S. (2017), https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/17pdf/16-402_h315.pdf. Back to note reference 22.


pages: 666 words: 131,148

Frommer's Seattle 2010 by Karl Samson

airport security, British Empire, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, global village, haute cuisine, place-making, sustainable-tourism, transcontinental railway, urban sprawl, white picket fence

Also, note that many banks now assess a 1% to 3% “transaction fee” on all charges you incur abroad (whether you’re using the local currency or your native currency). 5 Health & Safety Staying Healthy What to Do if You Get Sick Away from Home If you suffer from a chronic illness, consult your doctor before your departure. Pack prescription medications in your carry-on luggage, and carry them in their original containers, with pharmacy labels—otherwise they won’t make it through airport security. Visitors from outside the U.S. should carry generic names of prescription drugs. For U.S. travelers, most reliable health-care plans provide coverage if you get sick away from home. Foreign visitors may have to pay all medical costs up front and be reimbursed later; see “Insurance” in the appendix . Additional emergency numbers are listed in the appendix . STAYING SAFE Although Seattle is a relatively safe city, it has its share of crime.


pages: 260 words: 130,109

Frommer's Kauai by Jeanette Foster

airport security, indoor plumbing, Maui Hawaii, Skype, sustainable-tourism

But doublecheck; you may want to buy travel medical insurance instead. Bring your insurance ID card with you when you travel. We list hospitals and emergency numbers under “Fast Facts: Kauai,” in chapter 11. If you suffer from a chronic illness, consult your doctor before your departure. Pack prescription medications in your carry-on luggage, and carry them in their original containers, with pharmacy labels—otherwise they won’t make it through airport security. Visitors from outside the U.S. should carry generic names of prescription drugs. For U.S. travelers, most reliable healthcare plans provide coverage if you get sick away from home. Foreign visitors may have to pay all medical costs upfront and be reimbursed later. For information on medical insurance while traveling please visit www. frommers.com/planning. We list additional emergency numbers in the “Fast Facts” p. 231. 6 SAFETY IT’S THE LAW Going bare in Hawaii is illegal and you can be arrested.


pages: 494 words: 132,975

Keynes Hayek: The Clash That Defined Modern Economics by Nicholas Wapshott

"Robert Solow", airport security, banking crisis, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business cycle, collective bargaining, complexity theory, creative destruction, cuban missile crisis, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, full employment, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, Gunnar Myrdal, if you build it, they will come, Isaac Newton, Joseph Schumpeter, Kickstarter, liquidationism / Banker’s doctrine / the Treasury view, means of production, Mont Pelerin Society, mortgage debt, New Journalism, Northern Rock, Paul Samuelson, Philip Mirowski, price mechanism, pushing on a string, road to serfdom, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, Simon Kuznets, The Chicago School, The Great Moderation, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, trickle-down economics, War on Poverty, Yom Kippur War

Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden’s stated aim was to bankrupt America through terror, just as, he claimed, he had bankrupted the Soviet Union for occupying Afghanistan. Bush met this threat with a large Keynesian stimulus. After a meeting between Greenspan, former Clinton Treasury secretary Rubin, Bush adviser Larry Lindsey, and congressional leaders, massive new federal spending was swiftly approved. Expenditures to strengthen America’s borders, such as tightening airport security, were accompanied by pork barrel projects, such as the building of fire stations in Maine, that had nothing to do with keeping America safe. Greenspan reduced interest rates to 1 percent to pump money into the economy fast, the prospect of the resulting inflation considered far preferable to a terrorist-inspired slump. Yet these Keynesian measures to bolster the economy did not appear to work.


pages: 478 words: 146,480

Pirate Cinema by Cory Doctorow

airport security, citation needed, Internet Archive, place-making, QR code, smart cities, Thomas Bayes

Like any red-blooded English lad, I have seen approximately one million commando raids conducted with stopwatch precision, thanks to the all-popular military/terrorism thriller genre. I knew how to assemble the pieces: we needed cover, we needed countermeasures, we needed escape routes. Cover: The enemy had given this one to us. Ever since the cinemas had introduced mandatory metal-detectors and coat-checks for phones and computers, every film opening looks more like an airport security queue, with a long snake of bored, angry people shuffling slowly toward a couple of shaved-head thugs who'll grope them, run them through a metal detector, and take their phone and laptop and that off them, just in case they're one of the mythological screen-cappers. This is London. Where you have a queue of people with money, you have a small ecosystem of tramps, hawkers, and human spam delivery systems passing out brochures, cards, and loot-bags advertising cheap curry, dodgy minicabs, Chinese Tun-La massage (whatever that is), American pizza, Minneapolis Fried Chicken, strip clubs, and discount fashion outlets.


pages: 436 words: 125,809

The Way of the Gun: A Bloody Journey Into the World of Firearms by Iain Overton

air freight, airport security, back-to-the-land, British Empire, Chelsea Manning, clean water, Columbine, David Attenborough, Etonian, Ferguson, Missouri, gender pay gap, gun show loophole, illegal immigration, interchangeable parts, Julian Assange, knowledge economy, Louis Pasteur, Mahatma Gandhi, More Guns, Less Crime, offshore financial centre, Ronald Reagan, Ross Ulbricht, WikiLeaks, Y2K, Yom Kippur War

On one patch some central European teenagers were sunbathing. A man sat on another, slowly unwrapping a silver-foiled sandwich. Here was peace. A thought struck me: despite the inalienable right to own a gun in the US, you cannot go to this emblem of America armed. Liberty Island is a federal property, and National Park rulings ban all weapons. Tourists join long, slow queues on the New York shore and are herded through airport security scanners to make sure no guns are brought here. This has created an island that has virtually no crime. The United States Park Police were unequivocal: ‘We located no statistics of any firearms incident on the Statue of Liberty National Monument from 2000 to the present.’ This, despite about 20 million visitors travelling there over that time. It was possibly the safest public space in the world.


The White Man's Burden: Why the West's Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good by William Easterly

airport security, anti-communist, Asian financial crisis, bank run, banking crisis, Bob Geldof, Bretton Woods, British Empire, call centre, clean water, colonial exploitation, colonial rule, Edward Glaeser, end world poverty, European colonialism, failed state, farmers can use mobile phones to check market prices, George Akerlof, Gunnar Myrdal, Hernando de Soto, income inequality, income per capita, Indoor air pollution, invisible hand, Kenneth Rogoff, laissez-faire capitalism, land reform, land tenure, Live Aid, microcredit, moral hazard, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, publication bias, purchasing power parity, randomized controlled trial, Ronald Reagan, Scramble for Africa, structural adjustment programs, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transaction costs, War on Poverty, Xiaogang Anhui farmers

If you do buy a gun, I can at least defend my property against you. So buying a gun is always my best move; the same holds for you, and so we both wind up with less money than if we had both been peaceful. In terms of game theory, this game is the classic prisoner’s dilemma. This assumes that buying guns is legal. In the United States, where you can buy assault weapons on the airport highway but where airport security scrutinizes your nail clippers, this may be a good assumption. One way to avoid the predators’ equilibrium is to allow only honest policemen to have guns. But predation doesn’t happen as often as this theory predicts, even without a policeman looking over your shoulder. Many opportunities for pilfering go unrealized. The social norm that stealing is disgraceful is a sanction against predation.


pages: 453 words: 130,632

Nine Pints: A Journey Through the Money, Medicine, and Mysteries of Blood by Rose George

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, air freight, airport security, British Empire, call centre, corporate social responsibility, Edward Snowden, global pandemic, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, index card, Jeff Bezos, meta analysis, meta-analysis, microbiome, Nelson Mandela, obamacare, period drama, Peter Thiel, Rana Plaza, RAND corporation, Silicon Valley, Skype, stem cell

In fact, there are no rules governing the use of blood in sanitary pad advertising in the UK, only that sanitary products should not be advertised too close to children’s programming or cause general offense.27 It’s tricky to know what this might mean. In 2014 a Tampax ad showing “a woman wearing a red top attending a rock concert and an animation showing how the Tampax worked” attracted twenty-two complaints, mostly about the timing and the imagery. The complaints were not pursued. If red tops can raise red flags, perhaps advertisers are right to be timid. Internalized shame is the hardest to reach and redress. Once, a female airport security employee, emptying my bag, took my packet of sanitary pads and carefully hid it under my books. I asked her why and she looked surprised. “Most women ask me to.” In the UK, where I grew up, I have had access to sanitary hygiene and—though I can’t remember learning about it—information. But I still hide a tampon when I go to the toilet. I still remember looking at a lipstick in my pocket and worrying it looked like a tampon, and this was just after I’d given a talk about menstrual hygiene stigma at WaterAid.


pages: 428 words: 134,832

Straphanger by Taras Grescoe

active transport: walking or cycling, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airport security, Albert Einstein, big-box store, bike sharing scheme, Boris Johnson, British Empire, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, City Beautiful movement, congestion charging, correlation does not imply causation, David Brooks, deindustrialization, East Village, edge city, Enrique Peñalosa, extreme commuting, financial deregulation, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, housing crisis, hydraulic fracturing, indoor plumbing, intermodal, invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, jitney, Joan Didion, Kickstarter, Kitchen Debate, laissez-faire capitalism, Marshall McLuhan, mass immigration, McMansion, megacity, mortgage tax deduction, Network effects, New Urbanism, obamacare, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, Own Your Own Home, peak oil, pension reform, Peter Calthorpe, Ponzi scheme, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, Skype, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, transit-oriented development, union organizing, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, working poor, young professional, Zipcar

If I’m sitting in traffic I can’t just say, ‘I’ll take out my credit card, I’ll swipe it, and I’ll get to go around here and go fast.’ The view of most of my environmental friends is sort of this Moscow-breadline thing, ‘Comrade, we’re so egalitarian. We’re shoulder to shoulder wasting our time in traffic going nowhere, isn’t that wonderful?’ No, that’s not wonderful, that’s stupid.” I’ll admit there have been times when I could have been tempted to buy my way past those annoying hordes in an airport security line, at the department of motor vehicles, or on a holiday weekend highway. But I wouldn’t want to live in the kind of society where the rich can pay to preempt the poor on publicly funded infrastructure. Revolutions have been fought for less. From the omnibuses of nineteenth-century Manhattan to the jeepneys of contemporary Manila, the free market has shown itself spectacularly ill suited to providing effective transit to cities.


pages: 454 words: 139,350

Jihad vs. McWorld: Terrorism's Challenge to Democracy by Benjamin Barber

airport security, anti-communist, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, borderless world, Bretton Woods, British Empire, computer age, Corn Laws, Corrections Corporation of America, David Brooks, deindustrialization, Deng Xiaoping, digital map, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, full employment, George Gilder, global village, invisible hand, Joan Didion, Kevin Kelly, laissez-faire capitalism, late capitalism, Live Aid, market fundamentalism, Marshall McLuhan, minimum wage unemployment, new economy, Norbert Wiener, North Sea oil, pirate software, postnationalism / post nation state, profit motive, race to the bottom, Right to Buy, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, undersea cable, young professional, zero-sum game

It softens up citizens to accept the decline of political institutions and tries to persuade them that they will be better off—more “free”—when their collective democratic voice is stilled, when they think of themselves not as public citizens but as private consumers. Consumers are poor substitutes for citizens, however, just as corporate CEOs are poor substitutes for democratic statesmen. It is telling that on the morning of September 12, 2001, America did not call Bill Gates or Michael Eisner to ask for assistance in dealing with terrorism. A privatized airport security system turned out to be fallible because it was more attuned to costs than to safety. Long-neglected public institutions reacquired overnight their democratic legitimacy and their role as defenders of public goods. Can this renewed legitimacy be employed on behalf of international institutions dedicated to public rather than private goods? If it can, new forms of civic interdependence can be quickly established.


The Cleaner: The True Story of One of the World’s Most Successful Money Launderers by Bruce Aitken

air freight, airport security, Asian financial crisis, Bonfire of the Vanities, Maui Hawaii, offshore financial centre, profit motive, risk/return, South China Sea

At the heart of the story is a kid who was born in Hackensack, New Jersey, and grew up in Hasbrouck Heights, who through chance and circumstance grew up to become one of the world’s most successful money launderers. However... There were unintended and devastating consequences. Bruce Aitken AKA Mr. Clean www.TheCleanerBook.com Foreword Many of us have travelled through customs or airport security carrying something we should not. Possibilities include a scintilla of the finest squidgy Afghan hash, an extra bottle of duty-free booze, or a few thousand dollars that did not seem worth mentioning to the authorities. We know it can be a nerve-wrenching experience that precipitates sweaty palms, a pounding heart, and the persistent fear that the little old lady in the corner is actually an undercover drug squad officer, and we are aware it does not usually facilitate a relaxed journey.


pages: 470 words: 137,882

Caste: The Origins of Our Discontents by Isabel Wilkerson

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airport security, Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, clean water, coronavirus, COVID-19, Covid-19, desegregation, Donald Trump, global pandemic, Gunnar Myrdal, mass incarceration, Milgram experiment, obamacare, out of africa, Peter Eisenman, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, strikebreaker, transatlantic slave trade, zero-sum game

We talked for what seemed an hour more, and I could see the effort it took to manage the unconscious signals of encoded superiority, the presence of mind necessary to counteract the programming of caste. I could see how hard it was even for someone committed to healing the caste divide, who was, as it turned out, married to a man from the subordinate caste and who was deeply invested in egalitarian ideals. On the way home, I was snapped back to my own world when airport security flagged my suitcase for inspection. The TSA worker happened to be an African-American who looked to be in his early twenties. He strapped on latex gloves to begin his work. He dug through my suitcase and excavated a small box, unwrapped the folds of paper and held in his palm the bust of Ambedkar that I had been given. “This is what came up in the X-ray,” he said. It was heavy like a paperweight.


Hawaii by Jeff Campbell

airport security, big-box store, California gold rush, carbon footprint, centre right, Charles Lindbergh, commoditize, creative destruction, Drosophila, G4S, haute couture, land reform, lateral thinking, low-wage service sector, Maui Hawaii, polynesian navigation, risk/return, sustainable-tourism, upwardly mobile, urban sprawl, wage slave, white picket fence

Although the staff pamperings, guest rooms are not as chic as the common areas or Nobu Waikiki (Click here) sushi bar and lounge. Hilton Hawaiian Village (949-4321, 800-445-8667; www.hawaiianvillage.hilton.com; 2005 Kalia Rd; r $219-850; ) On the Fort DeRussy side of Waikiki, the Hilton is Waikiki’s largest hotel –practically a self-sufficient tourist fortress of towers, restaurants, bars and shops. It’s geared almost entirely for families and package tourists. Expect check-in lines to move as slowly as TSA airport-security checkpoints. Aston Waikiki Beach Hotel (922-2511, 800-877-7666; www.astonhotels.com; 2570 Kalakaua Ave; r incl breakfast $225-425; ) With cheery surf-themed decor and a rooftop bar lit by tiki torches, this contemporary number opposite the beach is frequently sold out, especially on internet-booking sites. If you get a discount, you too will be a devotee. Free souvenir soft-sided cooler bags can be filled with breakfast goodies to take to the beach.

While in Hawaii, develop print film as you finish each roll, as the high temperature and humidity greatly accelerate the deterioration of exposed film. One-hour print shops are everywhere. Don’t pack unprocessed film (including the roll in your camera) into checked luggage because exposure to high-poweredX-ray equipment will cause it to fog. As an added precaution, ‘hand check’ film separately from carry-on bags at airport security checkpoints. For a primer on taking good shots, consult Lonely Planet’s Travel Photography. Return to beginning of chapter SHOPPING In a nation known for its kitsch, Hawaii may be the (plastic) jewel in the crown. It is also rich with high-quality handmade crafts. The question is: are you a dashboard-hula-girl-type person or a gleaming-koa-bowl-type person? For the latter, prepare for high prices; the real stuff isn’t cheap.


The Sum of All Fears by Tom Clancy

accounting loophole / creative accounting, airport security, Benoit Mandelbrot, British Empire, colonial exploitation, complexity theory, cuban missile crisis, demand response, financial independence, index card, mandelbrot fractal, trade route, uranium enrichment

Please." "Very well." Ryan let out a breath. "Okay. Tell him also that one of our people, a Mr Clark, will be at the airport security office in a few minutes. Mr Ambassador, I cannot emphasize enough how important this is. Please do it now." "I'll do it. You'd better calm down up there," the career foreign-service officer advised. "We're trying very hard, sir. Please have your secretary transfer me back to the Station Chief. Thank you." Ryan looked over to Goodley. "Just hit me over the fucking head if you feel the need, Ben." "Clark." "We're faxing some photos down, along with their names and seat assignments. Okay, you are to check in with the airport security boss before you grab 'em. You still have the airplane down there?" "Right." "When you have 'em, get 'em aboard, and get 'em the hell up here."


pages: 541 words: 146,445

Spin by Robert Charles Wilson

airport security, Colonization of Mars, invention of writing, invisible hand, John von Neumann, lateral thinking, Mahatma Gandhi, megacity, oil shale / tar sands, rolodex, Stephen Hawking

* * * * * I drove Diane to Orlando the next day for her flight back to Phoenix. It had become obvious over the last few days that we would not discuss, mention, or allude in any way to the physical intimacy we had shared that night in the Berkshires before her marriage to Simon. If we acknowledged it at all it was only in the cumbersome detours we took to avoid it. When we hugged (chastely) in the space in front of the airport security gate she said, "I'll call you," and I knew she would—Diane made few promises but was scrupulous about keeping them—but I was equally conscious of the time that had passed since I had last seen her and the time that would inevitably pass before I saw her again: not Spin time, but something just as erosive and just as hungry. There were creases at the corners of her eyes and mouth, not unlike the ones I saw in the mirror every morning.


Beautiful Data: The Stories Behind Elegant Data Solutions by Toby Segaran, Jeff Hammerbacher

23andMe, airport security, Amazon Mechanical Turk, bioinformatics, Black Swan, business intelligence, card file, cloud computing, computer vision, correlation coefficient, correlation does not imply causation, crowdsourcing, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, DARPA: Urban Challenge, data acquisition, database schema, double helix, en.wikipedia.org, epigenetics, fault tolerance, Firefox, Hans Rosling, housing crisis, information retrieval, lake wobegon effect, longitudinal study, Mars Rover, natural language processing, openstreetmap, prediction markets, profit motive, semantic web, sentiment analysis, Simon Singh, social graph, SPARQL, speech recognition, statistical model, supply-chain management, text mining, Vernor Vinge, web application

Plot the correlation matrix, with axis labels. 288 > > > > > cors = cor(d, use='pair') ord = order.hclust(cors) cors = cors[ord,ord] image(cors, col=col.corrgram(7)) axis(1, at=seq(0,1, length=nrow(cors)), labels=row.names(cors)) CHAPTER SEVENTEEN Download at Boykma.Com intoxicated hire dogfight trustworthy intelligence talented age_well wealth attractive sex_o plastic politics weight age male haircut rehab outfit security dress_size +1 0 dress_size security outfit rehab haircut male age weight politics plastic sex_o attractive wealth age_well talented intelligence trustworthy dogfight hire intoxicated –1 Text of questions • • • • • • • • dress_size: What is my dress size? security: If you were an airport security guard, would you search me? outfit: Do you like my outfit? rehab: Will I end up in rehab? haircut: Do you like my hairstyle? age: How old am I? weight: How much do I weigh? political_affiliation: What is my political affiliation? (Higher is more conservative) • plastic_surgery: Have I had plastic surgery? • sexual_orientation: What is my sexual orientation? (Higher is more gay) • attractive: How attractive am I?


pages: 509 words: 147,998

The Geeks Shall Inherit the Earth: Popularity, Quirk Theory, and Why Outsiders Thrive After High School by Alexandra Robbins

airport security, Albert Einstein, Columbine, game design, hive mind, out of africa, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), Skype, Slavoj Žižek, social intelligence, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, The Wisdom of Crowds, trickle-down economics

“Should I be concerned?” I asked. “I’m confident in myself that I have enough self-control, really,” Blue concluded. “Those [thoughts] are just really annoying.” The error in the evil-outcast theory is that it assumes that only social outcasts can develop into Columbine-like killers. Identifying the outcasts and tossing them out of schools is akin to singling out a Middle Eastern passenger for extra airport security screening, or stopping a driver because he’s Latino. Just because a kid listens to screamo doesn’t mean he’s angry. Just because she plays Warhammer doesn’t mean she’s violent. Just because her face is pierced doesn’t mean she’s disrespectful. Just because he wears all black doesn’t mean he’s sad. This practice is what I call outcast profiling. It is counterproductive, it is bad policy, and it is discriminatory.


San Francisco by Lonely Planet

airport security, Albert Einstein, Apple II, back-to-the-land, banking crisis, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Burning Man, California gold rush, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, David Brooks, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, G4S, game design, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, Joan Didion, Loma Prieta earthquake, Mason jar, New Urbanism, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, transcontinental railway, urban sprawl, Whole Earth Catalog, Zipcar

Pick up a two-person, papier-mâché lion dance costume and invite a date to bust ferocious moves with you next lunar new year. Far East Flea Market Gifts Offline map Google map ( 415-989-8588; 729 Grant Ave; 10am-10pm; Stockton St- Powell St) The shopping equivalent of crack, this bottom­less store is dangerously cheap and certain to make you giddy and delusional. Of course you can get that $8.99 samurai sword through airport security! There’s no such thing as too many bath toys, bobble-heads and Chia Pets! Step away from the dollar Golden Gate snow globes while there’s still time… The Hills & Japantown Pacific Heights | Russian Hill | Nob Hill For more detail of this area, see Click here and Click here Neighborhood Top Five Stepping off the Powell-Hyde cable car atop twisty Lombard St (Click here ) and taking in the spectacular hilltop vistas.


pages: 570 words: 158,139

Overbooked: The Exploding Business of Travel and Tourism by Elizabeth Becker

airport security, Asian financial crisis, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, BRICs, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, collective bargaining, colonial rule, computer age, corporate governance, Costa Concordia, Deng Xiaoping, European colonialism, Exxon Valdez, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Frank Gehry, global village, happiness index / gross national happiness, haute cuisine, indoor plumbing, Kickstarter, Masdar, Murano, Venice glass, open borders, out of africa, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, Scramble for Africa, Silicon Valley, statistical model, sustainable-tourism, the market place, union organizing, urban renewal, wage slave, young professional, éminence grise

Mitt Romney is named after the elder Marriott, and he sat on the Marriott board of directors for ten years. With an industry that has elicited such extreme ideological views from the political parties—Republicans zeroing out a government role and erecting a border security system that has intimidated visitors, Democrats offering federal help and dialing down border hostility—the industry is taking no chances. After watching the cloud of fear lift around airport security and seeing their industry treated as an economic engine, Freeman, of the travel association, said his group wants this helpful attitude to continue. Already his staff has traveled to Boston to huddle with Romney’s campaign staff. “We have to be prepared if the Republicans win.” Obama won. • • • Las Vegas is a good vantage point for surveying the state of play of tourism in the United States after the rest of the world pulled ahead during that “lost decade” and with hopes pinned on a stronger role for the federal government.


pages: 547 words: 160,071

Underground by Suelette Dreyfus

airport security, invisible hand, John Markoff, Julian Assange, Loma Prieta earthquake, packet switching, pirate software, profit motive, publish or perish, RFC: Request For Comment, Ronald Reagan, Stephen Hawking, Steven Levy, Stuxnet, uranium enrichment, urban decay, WikiLeaks, zero day

With the decade of war that followed, digital security dominated all else on the net. This decade of digital security dominance is now defining the nature of our freedoms. We can no longer walk down a street without being watched and there is snooping on virtually every transaction we engage in. There is an Orwellian eeriness to the now famous YouTube video of the plane passenger being groped by US airport security and saying ‘don’t touch my junk’ (private parts), while the airport loudspeaker’s recorded messaging plays in the background, ‘Security is everybody’s responsibility’. Yet few people have commented on how creepy this recording is juxtaposed with the innocent citizen being manhandled in the name of security.21 What if all our freedoms were slowly stolen away from us and we didn’t even notice it?


pages: 517 words: 155,209

Kingdom of Olives and Ash: Writers Confront the Occupation by Michael Chabon

airport security, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, Boycotts of Israel, call centre, clean water, Donald Trump, facts on the ground, Fellow of the Royal Society, glass ceiling, land tenure, mental accounting, Nelson Mandela, off grid, Right to Buy, Skype, traveling salesman, WikiLeaks

You become a stranger no matter where you stand or position yourself. I sign at the bottom: Lars Saabye Christensen, author, blue eyed, 4 June 2016. June 2017 will be fifty years since the Six-Day War of 1967. The occupation of the Palestinian territories has lasted just as long. And that’s the reason I’m here. To write about my impressions. Before departure, I got this bit of advice: you can tell airport security whatever you want, but don’t lie. Anyway, I’ve no intention of lying. Telling the truth is good advice in most circumstances, except in obituaries. Hence I have to confess—and I use that exact word, confession, since I’ve noticed that my views, my attitude, are almost taken for granted, that a European writer isn’t supposed to have a different opinion: Israel is the root of all evil. So I confess: I am a friend of Israel.


A Voyage Long and Strange: On the Trail of Vikings, Conquistadors, Lost Colonists, and Other Adventurers in Early America by Tony Horwitz

airport security, Atahualpa, back-to-the-land, Bartolomé de las Casas, Colonization of Mars, Columbian Exchange, dematerialisation, diversified portfolio, Francisco Pizarro, Hernando de Soto, illegal immigration, joint-stock company, out of africa, Ralph Waldo Emerson, trade route, urban renewal

Arriving at twilight, I followed a trail into the palm grove shading the reenactors’ camp. The fest was a “Timeline” event, meaning that every era was represented, other than the present. I passed the tent of a Confederate doctor studying a jar of leeches, and another occupied by Revolutionary Minutemen. A World War II G.I. strode past, griping to a pirate about the difficulty of getting decommissioned grenades through airport security. Then I spotted a brawny, bearded man in a rough jersey, hacking at something by a low fire. “Are you by any chance a conquistador?” I asked. “No, sorry.” He held up a piece of flint he was honing. “I’m a paleo. The Spaniards are over near the Seminoles, I think.” I finally found Calderon’s Company sipping wine from period goblets, though not yet in conquistador attire. Tim Burke turned out to be an amiable middle-aged man with gentle eyes and a quick smile.


pages: 527 words: 147,690

Terms of Service: Social Media and the Price of Constant Connection by Jacob Silverman

23andMe, 4chan, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, Airbnb, airport security, Amazon Mechanical Turk, augmented reality, basic income, Brian Krebs, California gold rush, call centre, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, commoditize, correlation does not imply causation, Credit Default Swap, crowdsourcing, don't be evil, drone strike, Edward Snowden, feminist movement, Filter Bubble, Firefox, Flash crash, game design, global village, Google Chrome, Google Glasses, hive mind, income inequality, informal economy, information retrieval, Internet of things, Jaron Lanier, jimmy wales, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, late capitalism, license plate recognition, life extension, lifelogging, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, Mars Rover, Marshall McLuhan, mass incarceration, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Minecraft, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, national security letter, Network effects, new economy, Nicholas Carr, Occupy movement, optical character recognition, payday loans, Peter Thiel, postindustrial economy, prediction markets, pre–internet, price discrimination, price stability, profit motive, quantitative hedge fund, race to the bottom, Ray Kurzweil, recommendation engine, rent control, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, self-driving car, sentiment analysis, shareholder value, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Snapchat, social graph, social intelligence, social web, sorting algorithm, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, TaskRabbit, technoutopianism, telemarketer, transportation-network company, Travis Kalanick, Turing test, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, universal basic income, unpaid internship, women in the workforce, Y Combinator, Zipcar

No matter the case, Rudder was unruffled about the ethical consequences of manipulating people into believing they should date each other. As he blithely explained, “Guess what, everybody: if you use the Internet, you’re the subject of hundreds of experiments at any given time, on every site. That’s how Web sites work.” Rudder is correct on the facts if not the ethics. This kind of algorithmic experimentation is indeed widespread. And it’s not only culture and social life that are being subjected to this process. Whether in airport security lines or on e-commerce sites, our data is being run through the decision-making mill. We are judged on the basis of our personal data and our social-media presence, with little opportunity to dispute its accuracy or confront a real human being. Like demographic, medical, or credit data, information gleaned from social media is increasingly being taken up with the promise that it can tell companies and governments about who people are and predict their actions.


pages: 477 words: 144,329

How Money Became Dangerous by Christopher Varelas

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Airbnb, airport security, barriers to entry, basic income, bitcoin, blockchain, Bonfire of the Vanities, California gold rush, cashless society, corporate raider, crack epidemic, cryptocurrency, discounted cash flows, disintermediation, diversification, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, dumpster diving, fiat currency, fixed income, friendly fire, full employment, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, interest rate derivative, John Meriwether, Kickstarter, Long Term Capital Management, mandatory minimum, mobile money, mortgage debt, pensions crisis, pets.com, pre–internet, profit motive, risk tolerance, Saturday Night Live, shareholder value, side project, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, technology bubble, The Predators' Ball, too big to fail, universal basic income, zero day

If they didn’t post that bond by the end of the week, then the claim would come due; and since they couldn’t pay the claim, that could force them into bankruptcy. There were hundreds of other details and angles to parse later, once he was with his colleagues, but the one thing he understood right away was that bankruptcy was a real threat. Tom returned to the present moment enough to realize that on the other side of his upheld hand the old guy was still shouting. He and the airport security guard were going fairly wild by this point, acting like Tom was a terrorist. And then—boom—quite suddenly, the old guy reeled back and punched Tom in the gut with everything he had. Tom doubled over, but he didn’t go down, knowing that falling could create a domino effect on the escalator and topple a substantial number of people. He flipped his phone closed, gripped the rubber handrail, and heaved for breath, descending blindly toward an uncertain future


pages: 548 words: 147,919

How Everything Became War and the Military Became Everything: Tales From the Pentagon by Rosa Brooks

airport security, Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, big-box store, clean water, cognitive dissonance, continuation of politics by other means, different worldview, disruptive innovation, drone strike, Edward Snowden, facts on the ground, failed state, illegal immigration, Internet Archive, John Markoff, Mark Zuckerberg, moral panic, pattern recognition, Peace of Westphalia, personalized medicine, RAND corporation, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, Turing test, unemployed young men, Valery Gerasimov, Wall-E, War on Poverty, WikiLeaks

Would any of these means of exercising coercion fit into the traditional Clausewitzian understanding of “war” and “acts of violence”? Some of these technologies don’t yet exist, but the September 11 attacks made it clear that the fundamental changes described and predicted by Qiao Liang and Wang Xiangsui don’t lie off in some distant science-fiction future. As the nineteen al Qaeda plotters made their unimpeded way through American airport security, the era of unrestricted warfare was already well under way. We just didn’t know it yet. The U.S. response to the 9/11 attacks moved us still further into the era of unrestricted warfare. On September 10, 2001, President George W. Bush announced during a visit to a Florida elementary school that it was “time to wage war on illiteracy,”8 but no one expected that “war” to involve bullets or bloodshed.


pages: 559 words: 155,372

Chaos Monkeys: Obscene Fortune and Random Failure in Silicon Valley by Antonio Garcia Martinez

Airbnb, airport security, always be closing, Amazon Web Services, Burning Man, Celtic Tiger, centralized clearinghouse, cognitive dissonance, collective bargaining, corporate governance, Credit Default Swap, crowdsourcing, death of newspapers, disruptive innovation, drone strike, El Camino Real, Elon Musk, Emanuel Derman, financial independence, global supply chain, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, hive mind, income inequality, information asymmetry, interest rate swap, intermodal, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, Malcom McLean invented shipping containers, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Maui Hawaii, means of production, Menlo Park, minimum viable product, MITM: man-in-the-middle, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Network effects, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, Paul Graham, performance metric, Peter Thiel, Ponzi scheme, pre–internet, Ralph Waldo Emerson, random walk, Ruby on Rails, Sam Altman, Sand Hill Road, Scientific racism, second-price auction, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, Snapchat, social graph, social web, Socratic dialogue, source of truth, Steve Jobs, telemarketer, undersea cable, urban renewal, Y Combinator, zero-sum game, éminence grise

The user interfaces were constantly improved to make the human reviewers’ tasks easier and more efficient, so that we wouldn’t need to hire more expensive humans. It was a terrible assignment for anybody who wanted to make his or her mark at Facebook, and it would take me months to scheme myself out of it. But before that, I had to appear as the face of this ads police department, one of the airport security lines at Facebook. Ads Review and Quality was officially part of Product and Engineering, but it worked for Sales and Operations, which was Sheryl’s grand fiefdom. Sheryl, of course, was much more than merely Zuck’s consigliera and the Ads team’s intercessor within the senior management stratum of the company. She was the able leader of this vast, multitiered organization, with an ever-shifting cast of names and titles spanning the geographically fragmented organization.


pages: 535 words: 158,863

Superclass: The Global Power Elite and the World They Are Making by David Rothkopf

airport security, anti-communist, asset allocation, Ayatollah Khomeini, bank run, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, Bob Geldof, Branko Milanovic, Bretton Woods, BRICs, business cycle, carried interest, clean water, corporate governance, creative destruction, crony capitalism, David Brooks, Doha Development Round, Donald Trump, financial innovation, fixed income, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Gini coefficient, global village, high net worth, income inequality, industrial cluster, informal economy, Internet Archive, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, joint-stock company, knowledge economy, liberal capitalism, Live Aid, Long Term Capital Management, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, market fundamentalism, Marshall McLuhan, Martin Wolf, mass immigration, means of production, Mexican peso crisis / tequila crisis, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, old-boy network, open borders, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, price mechanism, shareholder value, Skype, special economic zone, Steve Jobs, Thorstein Veblen, too big to fail, trade liberalization, trickle-down economics, upwardly mobile, Vilfredo Pareto, Washington Consensus, William Langewiesche

Its investment in the U.S. Information Services (USIS), a private investigative company, is a classic example: “Since 9/11, USIS’s acquisition of contracts has exploded,” one Carlyle employee told Dan Briody. “All the new FAA, Customs … all those employees being hired [for homeland security] are being investigated by USIS. They also have contracts with all the major airlines, and the contract companies who provide airport security. I do not exaggerate when I say that Carlyle is taking over the world in government contract work, particularly defense work.” The terrorist attacks of 2001 exposed another aspect of the firm that hyperstimulated conspiracy theorists—among their investors (who include George Soros and Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal) were members of the bin Laden family. Shafig bin Laden, one of Osama’s numerous brothers, was in fact attending a Carlyle conference in Washington on the day of the attacks.


pages: 484 words: 155,401

Solitary by Albert Woodfox

airport security, Donald Trump, full employment, income inequality, index card, mandatory minimum, mass immigration, means of production, Nelson Mandela, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, side project

He answered every collect call we ever made, spent part of each week on conference calls with our lawyers, with Marina Drummer, with Tory Pegram, with individual supporters and members of our advisory board; he took every call from every reporter who ever contacted him and sat down for interviews with anyone who could give us publicity for our case. I knew the travel was exhausting, that he sometimes got stopped by airport security. He never complained. In May 2014, Rep. Cedric Richmond introduced HR 4618, called the Solitary Confinement Study and Reform Act of 2014, to study and reform the use of solitary confinement in the U.S. prisons, jails, and juvenile detention facilities. In July, it was referred to the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security, and Investigations. That was the last action taken on that bill.


pages: 486 words: 150,849

Evil Geniuses: The Unmaking of America: A Recent History by Kurt Andersen

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airline deregulation, airport security, always be closing, American ideology, American Legislative Exchange Council, anti-communist, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, artificial general intelligence, autonomous vehicles, basic income, Bernie Sanders, blue-collar work, Bonfire of the Vanities, bonus culture, Burning Man, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Cass Sunstein, centre right, computer age, coronavirus, corporate governance, corporate raider, COVID-19, Covid-19, creative destruction, Credit Default Swap, cryptocurrency, deindustrialization, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, ending welfare as we know it, Erik Brynjolfsson, feminist movement, financial deregulation, financial innovation, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, future of work, game design, George Gilder, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, High speed trading, hive mind, income inequality, industrial robot, interchangeable parts, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Jane Jacobs, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, jitney, Joan Didion, job automation, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, Joseph Schumpeter, knowledge worker, low skilled workers, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, market bubble, mass immigration, mass incarceration, Menlo Park, Naomi Klein, new economy, Norbert Wiener, Norman Mailer, obamacare, Peter Thiel, Picturephone, plutocrats, Plutocrats, post-industrial society, Powell Memorandum, pre–internet, Ralph Nader, Right to Buy, road to serfdom, Robert Bork, Robert Gordon, Robert Mercer, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Seaside, Florida, Second Machine Age, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, strikebreaker, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Future of Employment, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Tim Cook: Apple, too big to fail, trickle-down economics, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, union organizing, universal basic income, Unsafe at Any Speed, urban planning, urban renewal, very high income, wage slave, Wall-E, War on Poverty, Whole Earth Catalog, winner-take-all economy, women in the workforce, working poor, young professional, éminence grise

Yes, of course, the September 11, 2001, attacks and the financial and economic meltdown of 2008 were traumatizing, and right after each, I thought obviously this will finally change everything, and that I’d finally have to stop pointing out to family and friends every new bit of evidence that the 1980s never ended. Instead, immediately after 9/11, the president instructed us all to shop and to have fun as if nothing had happened, get over it, which we quickly did; apart from airport security and a disastrous war and a new focus for bigotry, the main lasting result was to amplify the overcompensating “USA! USA!” belligerence that had swelled up in the 1980s. In 2009 I imagined that the near-death economic experience of the crash and recession might scare us straight, prompt us to reform the reckless laissez-faire casino economy, as our forebears did after the Roaring ’20s. I even published a hopeful little manifesto to that effect.


pages: 1,266 words: 344,635

Great North Road by Peter F. Hamilton

airport security, business process, corporate governance, data acquisition, dematerialisation, family office, illegal immigration, invention of the telescope, inventory management, plutocrats, Plutocrats, stem cell, the map is not the territory, undersea cable

“Find her!” Brinkelle screamed. At ten o’clock two black helicopters landed on Velasco Beach. Security guards fanned out; it took another twelve minutes for them to locate the inert Jag. The Abellia Civic Administration officially announced Angela Tramelo was a fugitive, and alerted both the airport and the dock. Two passenger planes and five private jets had already departed that morning. Airport security reviewed images of all passengers embarking. None of them matched Angela. All further outgoing flights were canceled. Coast guard helicopters began searching the sea for any boats that might be carrying Angela away from Abellia. Back at the manor, it was clear to the security officers with a police background that the murders were seriously weird, the result of a very disturbed mind. The best guess they could come up with to explain method was someone wearing a muscle-amp suit with powered blade fingers.

The detective who did finally get around to examining it at nine fifty-five didn’t know what to make of it—Zebediah North was in town with a bunch of crazed followers threatening people. Weird cylinders that might be connected with harming a plane. Nut-jobs working for AeroTech Support Services. It was all utter crap, of course, but given the current circumstances … He forwarded it to the small HDA security office operating out of the camp at the airport, as well as airport security. Both of them sent the blueprints on to engineering experts for a detailed analysis. What came back fast shunted the threat level to a much higher grade. AeroTech Support Services was immediately suspended from operating, and its personnel ordered not to approach any aircraft. Fuel stores were also proscribed to them. Major Griffin Toyne requested a secure private meeting with Vice Commissioner Passam to brief her on the potential threat.


Frommer's San Diego 2011 by Mark Hiss

airport security, California gold rush, car-free, Charles Lindbergh, desegregation, Donald Trump, East Village, El Camino Real, glass ceiling, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, Skype, South of Market, San Francisco, sustainable-tourism, transcontinental railway, urban renewal, white picket fence, Works Progress Administration

. (& 858/657-7000), has a good emergency room, and you’ll find another in Coronado, at Sharp Coronado Hospital, 250 Prospect Place (& 619/522-3600), opposite the Marriott Resort. If you suffer from a chronic illness, consult your doctor before your departure. Pack prescription medications in your carry-on luggage, and carry them in their original containers, with pharmacy labels—otherwise they won’t make it through airport security. Visitors from outside the U.S. should carry generic names of prescription drugs. Medications are readily available throughout San Diego at various chain drugstores such as Walgreens, Rite-Aid, and CVS, which sell pharmaceuticals and nonprescription products. Some branches are open 24 hours (p. 290). Local hospitals also sell prescription drugs. For U.S. travelers, most reliable healthcare plans provide coverage if you get sick away from home.


pages: 552 words: 168,518

MacroWikinomics: Rebooting Business and the World by Don Tapscott, Anthony D. Williams

accounting loophole / creative accounting, airport security, Andrew Keen, augmented reality, Ayatollah Khomeini, barriers to entry, Ben Horowitz, bioinformatics, Bretton Woods, business climate, business process, buy and hold, car-free, carbon footprint, Charles Lindbergh, citizen journalism, Clayton Christensen, clean water, Climategate, Climatic Research Unit, cloud computing, collaborative editing, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collateralized debt obligation, colonial rule, commoditize, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, death of newspapers, demographic transition, disruptive innovation, distributed generation, don't be evil, en.wikipedia.org, energy security, energy transition, Exxon Valdez, failed state, fault tolerance, financial innovation, Galaxy Zoo, game design, global village, Google Earth, Hans Rosling, hive mind, Home mortgage interest deduction, information asymmetry, interchangeable parts, Internet of things, invention of movable type, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Jaron Lanier, jimmy wales, Joseph Schumpeter, Julian Assange, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, Marc Andreessen, Marshall McLuhan, mass immigration, medical bankruptcy, megacity, mortgage tax deduction, Netflix Prize, new economy, Nicholas Carr, oil shock, old-boy network, online collectivism, open borders, open economy, pattern recognition, peer-to-peer lending, personalized medicine, Ray Kurzweil, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Rubik’s Cube, scientific mainstream, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart grid, smart meter, social graph, social web, software patent, Steve Jobs, text mining, the scientific method, The Wisdom of Crowds, transaction costs, transfer pricing, University of East Anglia, urban sprawl, value at risk, WikiLeaks, X Prize, young professional, Zipcar

Jacob Colker and his business partner Ben Rigby found, for example, that it’s not that people don’t have any time, it’s that they don’t have large chunks available to commit to larger tasks. “It’s important to remember that as much as we don’t think we have the time to volunteer,” says Colker, “we spend 9 billion hours a year playing solitaire.” Apparently, Americans spend 4.6 hours a week playing video games, 51 minutes riding public transportation to and from work every day, 18 minutes in an airport security lane, and half an hour on average standing in line at the post office.17 Colker and Rigby reckoned that all of this spare time could be harnessed and given a social purpose. So they designed The Extraordinaries, a micro-volunteering platform that allows supporters to use their mobile phone to transform their spare time into social action. For example, someone with foreign language skills can help translate a nonprofit’s Web site into another language, or someone with a passion for birds can help the Cornell Lab of Ornithology identify species in archived photographs.


Frommer's Paris 2013 by Kate van Der Boogert

Airbnb, airport security, British Empire, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, clean water, eurozone crisis, haute couture, Honoré de Balzac, housing crisis, music of the spheres, place-making, starchitect, sustainable-tourism, urban renewal

U.K. nationals will need a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) to receive free or reduced-cost medical care during a visit to a European Union (EU) country, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, or Switzerland (go to www.ehic.org.uk for further information). If you suffer from a chronic illness, consult your doctor before your departure. Pack prescription medications in your carry-on luggage and carry them in their original containers, with pharmacy labels—otherwise they won’t make it through airport security. Carry the generic name of prescription medicines, in case a local pharmacist is unfamiliar with the brand name. For further tips on travel and health concerns, and a list of local English-speaking doctors, contact the International Association for Medical Assistance to Travelers (IAMAT; www.iamat.org; 716/754-4883 in the U.S., or 416/652-0137 in Canada). You can also find listings of reliable medical clinics overseas at the International Society of Travel Medicine (www.istm.org).


pages: 836 words: 158,284

The 4-Hour Body: An Uncommon Guide to Rapid Fat-Loss, Incredible Sex, and Becoming Superhuman by Timothy Ferriss

23andMe, airport security, Albert Einstein, Black Swan, Buckminster Fuller, carbon footprint, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, correlation does not imply causation, Dean Kamen, game design, Gary Taubes, index card, Kevin Kelly, knowledge economy, life extension, lifelogging, Mahatma Gandhi, microbiome, p-value, Parkinson's law, Paul Buchheit, placebo effect, Productivity paradox, publish or perish, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Feynman, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, stem cell, Steve Jobs, survivorship bias, Thorstein Veblen, Vilfredo Pareto, wage slave, William of Occam

Glucose Buddy (www.fourhourbody.com/app-glucose) Glucose Buddy is a free iPhone app for diabetics that allows you to manually enter and track glucose numbers, carbohydrate consumption, insulin dosages, and activities. Juliet Mae Fine Spices & Herbs (www.julietmae.foodzie.com) This is where you can buy Juliet Mae’s delicious cinnamon. I used her sampler for all testing, which includes Cassia, Ceylon, and Saigon cinnamon. MiR 50-Lb. Short Adjustable Weighted Vest (www.fourhourbody.com/vest) The best weighted vests in the business. This is what I almost wore through airport security. If you want a rifle butt in the head at customs, it’s the perfect choice. End of Chapter Notes 22. Technically, interstitial fluid levels, from which the blood glucose is extrapolated. 23. GL = (GI x amount of carbohydrate in grams)/100. 24. I was looking at artificially creating food allergies and then removing them, an experiment that didn’t make it into this book. 25. If you’re ever in Mill Valley, California, go to Small Shed Flatbreads and get this dish. 26.


pages: 561 words: 163,916

The History of the Future: Oculus, Facebook, and the Revolution That Swept Virtual Reality by Blake J. Harris

4chan, airport security, Anne Wojcicki, Asian financial crisis, augmented reality, barriers to entry, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, call centre, computer vision, cryptocurrency, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, drone strike, Elon Musk, financial independence, game design, Grace Hopper, illegal immigration, invisible hand, Jaron Lanier, Jony Ive, Kickstarter, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, Minecraft, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Network effects, Oculus Rift, Peter Thiel, QR code, sensor fusion, side project, Silicon Valley, skunkworks, Skype, slashdot, Snapchat, software patent, stealth mode startup, Steve Jobs, unpaid internship, white picket fence

But he’d never get to try them due to an issue at the airport. “Excuse me, sir,” a TSA agent said to Luckey, after flagging something in his carry-on. “Can you please explain what this object is?” “It’s a virtual reality headset,” Luckey replied. The agent gave Luckey a dubious look and then shuffled him off to the side where somebody would come by to see him shortly. Although Luckey knew that there was never a good time to be stopped by airport security, right now—mere days before the Kickstarter, at a time when every minute felt precious—this just felt like a kick to the groin. Especially as his flight was called to board, and especially as Antonov, carrying his own headset, slid through security with no problem. Luckey’s VR headset did look suspicious. Any VR headset probably would have caught their attention (well, except Antonov’s, apparently), but this just-built prototype—with exposed PCB boards and a spaghettic mess of wires—looked less like a consumer device than a high school science project gone awry.


pages: 598 words: 169,194

Bernie Madoff, the Wizard of Lies: Inside the Infamous $65 Billion Swindle by Diana B. Henriques

accounting loophole / creative accounting, airport security, Albert Einstein, banking crisis, Bernie Madoff, break the buck, British Empire, buy and hold, centralized clearinghouse, collapse of Lehman Brothers, computerized trading, corporate raider, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, dumpster diving, Edward Thorp, financial deregulation, financial thriller, fixed income, forensic accounting, Gordon Gekko, index fund, locking in a profit, mail merge, merger arbitrage, money market fund, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, Potemkin village, random walk, Renaissance Technologies, riskless arbitrage, Ronald Reagan, short selling, Small Order Execution System, source of truth, sovereign wealth fund, too big to fail, transaction costs, traveling salesman

He could never have stood it—keeping a secret like that would have torn him apart.” Neither he nor his brother, Andrew, had spoken to their parents since the day of their father’s arrest. Still, Mark’s estrangement from his gilded past seemed to cut deeper than his brother’s. Within a short time, Andrew was unfazed by the inevitable raised eyebrows of waiters looking at his credit card and airport security guards examining his driving licence; yes, he would shrug, he was that Andrew Madoff. He told friends he had never met anything but courteous sympathy. But Mark did not seem willing to risk the ill will of strangers; he had agreed with his wife’s decision to change her own and their children’s last name from Madoff to Morgan. “He had always been so proud of his name and being the guy who was Bernie Madoff’s son,” another friend recalled.


pages: 632 words: 166,729

Addiction by Design: Machine Gambling in Las Vegas by Natasha Dow Schüll

airport security, Albert Einstein, Build a better mousetrap, business intelligence, capital controls, cashless society, commoditize, corporate social responsibility, deindustrialization, dematerialisation, deskilling, game design, impulse control, information asymmetry, inventory management, iterative process, jitney, large denomination, late capitalism, late fees, longitudinal study, means of production, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Nash equilibrium, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, post-industrial society, postindustrial economy, profit motive, RFID, Silicon Valley, Slavoj Žižek, statistical model, the built environment, yield curve, zero-sum game

This is our future” (1998, 18, emphasis mine). “Rather than restricting movement,” Andrejevic notes in his study of contemporary forms of monitoring and surveillance, the aim is that of “exploiting the productive potential of mobility” (2007, 106). 90. Parets 1999, 19. 91. For example, casinos were the first to use biometric systems for surveillance, far ahead of law-enforcement agencies, airport security, and mainstream business (Schwartz 2003, 216–17). Non-obvious relationship awareness (NORA) software used to discover cheating collusion in casinos was only later adopted by Homeland Security to investigate connections between terrorist suspects (see Kaplan 2010). Yet the exchange goes both ways: server-based gambling, for instance, adopts the same cryptography system as the government’s National Security Agency. 92.


pages: 575 words: 171,599

The Billionaire's Apprentice: The Rise of the Indian-American Elite and the Fall of the Galleon Hedge Fund by Anita Raghavan

airport security, Asian financial crisis, asset allocation, Bernie Madoff, British Empire, business intelligence, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collateralized debt obligation, corporate governance, delayed gratification, estate planning, Etonian, glass ceiling, high net worth, kremlinology, locking in a profit, Long Term Capital Management, Marc Andreessen, mass immigration, McMansion, medical residency, Menlo Park, new economy, old-boy network, Ponzi scheme, risk tolerance, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, short selling, Silicon Valley, sovereign wealth fund, stem cell, technology bubble, too big to fail

If anyone had told Gupta back when he was a little boy in Calcutta that he would someday work at—let alone run—McKinsey & Co. and be invited to the White House for dinner, they might have had an easier time convincing him that he would walk on the moon. The heights he had attained would only serve to make the events that followed all the more unfathomable. * * * Seventeen days later, as Gupta rushed through airport security with his carry-on in tow, his cell phone rang. The caller on the morning of Friday, December 11, 2009, was Gregory K. Palm, the general counsel to Goldman Sachs & Co. Gupta had been a board member since 2006, and at least once a quarter, he would hear from Lloyd Blankfein, Goldman’s chief executive. Blankfein considered it a key part of his job to post his board of directors on the quarterly goings-on at the bank.


pages: 645 words: 184,311

American Gods by Neil Gaiman

airport security, book scanning, Brownian motion, Golden Gate Park, Lao Tzu

He told her it might not be valid as a driver's license, but it sure as hell was fine identification, and damn it, who else did she think he was, if he wasn't him? She said she'd thank him to keep his voice down. He told her to give him a fucking boarding pass, or she was going to regret it, and that he wasn't going to be disrespected. You don't let people disrespect you in prison. Then she pressed a button, and a few moments later the airport security showed up, and they tried to persuade Johnnie Larch to leave the airport quietly, and he did not wish to leave, and there was something of an altercation. The upshot of it all was that Johnnie Larch never actually made it to Seattle, and he spent the next couple of days in town in bars, and when his one hundred dollars was gone he held up a gas station with a toy gun for money to keep drinking, and the police finally picked him up for pissing in the street.


Frommer's San Francisco 2012 by Matthew Poole, Erika Lenkert, Kristin Luna

airport security, Albert Einstein, Bay Area Rapid Transit, California gold rush, car-free, centre right, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, El Camino Real, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, Loma Prieta earthquake, Mason jar, Maui Hawaii, place-making, Port of Oakland, post-work, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, Torches of Freedom, transcontinental railway, urban renewal, Works Progress Administration, young professional

In most cases, however, your existing health plan will provide all the coverage you need, but be sure to carry your identification card in your wallet. If you suffer from a chronic illness, consult your doctor before your departure. Pack prescription medications in your carry-on luggage, and carry them in their original containers, with pharmacy labels—otherwise they won’t make it through airport security. Visitors from outside the U.S. should carry generic names of prescription drugs. For U.S. travelers, most reliable healthcare plans provide coverage if you get sick away from home. Foreign visitors may have to pay all medical costs upfront and be reimbursed later. Hospitals Saint Francis Memorial Hospital, 900 Hyde St., between Bush and Pine streets on Nob Hill ( 866/240-2087 or 415/353-6000; www.saintfrancismemorial.org), provides emergency service 24 hours a day; no appointment is necessary.


pages: 812 words: 180,057

The Generals: American Military Command From World War II to Today by Thomas E. Ricks

affirmative action, airport security, amateurs talk tactics, professionals talk logistics, Charles Lindbergh, Columbine, continuation of politics by other means, cuban missile crisis, hiring and firing, MITM: man-in-the-middle, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, South China Sea, Yom Kippur War

The post-Vietnam Army was created in large part by Creighton Abrams, William DePuy, Donn Starry, Maxwell Thurman, and Paul Gorman, but even their far-reaching influence is fading. It did not become the Army of David Petraeus—but nor is it, thankfully, the Army of Tommy R. Franks. Today’s Army is deeply strained, having fought for more than ten years since 9/11, with soldiers serving multiple combat tours while 99 percent of the American population has been asked to sacrifice nothing except its time and privacy when going through airport security checkpoints. Now the Army and the other services are facing a decade or more of budget cuts. The Army will be shaped by young officers, likely veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan, who in the coming years will rise to command the force. What would George Marshall do if he could come back and fix things? First, I think that he would instruct his senior generals in how to interact with civilian leadership.


pages: 603 words: 182,781