Columbine

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pages: 240 words: 109,474

Masters of Doom: How Two Guys Created an Empire and Transformed Pop Culture by David Kushner

Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, book scanning, Columbine, corporate governance, game design, glass ceiling, Hacker Ethic, informal economy, Marc Andreessen, market design, Marshall McLuhan, Saturday Night Live, side project, Silicon Valley, slashdot, software patent, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, X Prize

Stuart Fischoff, founder of the Media Psychology lab at California State University in Los Angeles, said in an address to the American Psychological Association later in 1999, “but because two phenomena are both disturbing and coincident in time does not make them causally connected… There is not, I submit, a single research 211 study which is even remotely predictive of [events like] the Columbine massacre.” Murderers, after all, had proven that they could find inspiration in anything–the White Album, Taxi Driver, Catcher in the Rye. How many acts of violence had the Bible inspired? After Columbine, however, few had the nerve or the knowledge to defend games. Jon Kate, a writer for Rolling Stone and the tech community Slashdot, posted several essays that assailed the media’s stereotypes of geeks and gamers. “This is so crazy and hysterical,” he told the San Francisco Chronicle. “The real issue should be how teenagers get their hands on machine guns and bombs–not about a Web site and video games.”

In fact, it had happened only eight days before the Columbine shootings. On April 12, 1999, the parents of three students killed in a 1997 school shooting in Paducah, Kentucky, had leveled a $130 million lawsuit against entertainment companies, including id Software, whose violent products, they said, had inspired the fourteen-year-old murderer, Michael Carneal–a fan of Doom and Quake. And, of course, it had happened long before that: the Wolfenstein controversies in 1992, the Mortal Kombat hearings in 1993, the Doom bans to follow–not to mention the Death Race arcade outrage in the 1970s, or the Dungeons and Dragons hysteria in the eighties. As long as these guys had played games, there had been the detractors, the lawsuits, the sensationalism, but nothing quite as powerful as the onetwo punch of Paducah and Columbine. Because of the Paducah lawsuit, id’s 213 lawyers strongly advised the owners and employees to remain quiet.

They made games they wanted to play that no one else was making, games that, as fate would have it, would appeal to millions of others. As Carmack returned to his desk, he went back to work on a game that was going to be id’s most gleeful shooter yet: Quake III Arena. But, after Columbine, would people want–would the market allow–his or Romero’s games again? Jonn Schuneman gripped his bowling ball tighter as the talk turned to Doom. Romero’s stepfather, now in his sixties, had been coming to this bowling alley more frequently since retiring, and he could usually count on relaxing with a good game. But not today. The people next to him, like millions across the country, were talking about the horrific events at Columbine High School. Kids today, they’re being corrupted by these violent videogames like Doom. Schuneman’s heart raced again as they spoke. He stepped over to the group, “We can take it outside anytime you want,” he said, curling the ball at his side.


pages: 465 words: 134,575

Rise of the Warrior Cop: The Militarization of America's Police Forces by Radley Balko

anti-communist, call centre, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, desegregation, edge city, mass incarceration, Menlo Park, moral panic, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan

Phillips and Mătăsăreanu committed armed robberies, crimes for which violence is a prerequisite. The other major incident from the late 1990s that proponents of militarization often cite in justifying SWAT teams is the 1999 mass shooting at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado. But if the justification for SWAT teams is to have a team of brave, highly trained, highly professional, well-armed, and well-protected cops to intervene in such tragedies, Columbine is a particularly unfortunate example. Though there were eventually eight hundred police officers and eight SWAT teams on the Columbine campus, the SWAT teams held off from going inside to stop shooters Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris because they deemed the situation too dangerous. A spokesman for the Jefferson County Sheriff’s Department justified the SWAT team’s actions after the shooting.

When the town of Ithaca, New York, reformulated its SWAT team in 2000, for example, Assistant Commander Peter Tyler was asked why a college town with virtually no violent crime needed a SWAT team in the first place. He pointed to Columbine and similar mass shootings. “I think it’s naive for anyone to think it couldn’t happen here in Ithaca,” he said. Perhaps. But in a different context, Ithaca Police Chief Richard Basile later explained that the reformulated SWAT team would save taxpayers money because its smaller size made it more efficient at its primary duty—serving drug warrants.65 A 2002 Miami Herald article on the spread of SWAT teams in Florida noted that “police say they want [SWAT teams] in case of a hostage situation or a Columbine-type incident. But in practice, the teams are used mainly to serve search warrants on suspected drug dealers. Some of these searches yield as little as a few grams of cocaine or marijuana.”66 As recently as July 2012, Portland, Maine, police chief Michael Sauschuck cited both incidents to justify his department’s acquisition of a military-grade armored truck.67 There have, of course, been a number of other school shootings since Columbine, on both high school and college campuses.

University of Virginia psychologist and education professor Dewey Cornell, who studies violence prevention and school safety, has estimated that the typical school campus can expect to see a homicide about once every several thousand years—hardly justification to rush out to get a SWAT team.68 Yet many college campuses now have their own paramilitary police teams, and many cited Columbine and Virginia Tech as the reason they needed one. A recent example is the University of North Carolina–Charlotte Campus Police Department, which started a SWAT team in 2011. Lt. Josh Huffman explained why it was necessary: “The purpose for creating the UNCC SWAT Team is to protect the community and prevent the loss of life. We must be prepared to respond to high risk situations such as those tragedies that occurred at Virginia Tech and Columbine.”69 The number of campuses that will ever host a mass shooting or hostage taking may be vanishingly small, but most campuses produce more than enough pot smokers—and thus dealers to supply them—to keep the SWAT team busy once it’s up and running.


pages: 504 words: 129,087

The Ones We've Been Waiting For: How a New Generation of Leaders Will Transform America by Charlotte Alter

"side hustle", 4chan, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, basic income, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, carbon footprint, clean water, collective bargaining, Columbine, corporate personhood, correlation does not imply causation, Credit Default Swap, crowdsourcing, David Brooks, Donald Trump, double helix, East Village, ending welfare as we know it, Fall of the Berlin Wall, feminist movement, Ferguson, Missouri, financial deregulation, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, gig economy, glass ceiling, Google Hangouts, housing crisis, illegal immigration, immigration reform, income inequality, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), job-hopping, Kevin Kelly, knowledge economy, Lyft, mandatory minimum, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, mass incarceration, McMansion, medical bankruptcy, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Nate Silver, obamacare, Occupy movement, passive income, pre–internet, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, Silicon Valley, single-payer health, Snapchat, TaskRabbit, too big to fail, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, universal basic income, unpaid internship, We are the 99%, white picket fence, working poor, Works Progress Administration

events of their lifetime: Claudia Deane, Maeve Duggan, and Rich Morin, “Americans Name the 10 Most Significant Events of Their Lifetimes,” Pew Research Center, December 15, 2016, people-press.org/2016/12/15/americans-name-the-10-most-significant-historic-events-of-their-lifetimes/. THOUGHTS & PRAYERS “another high school: Columbine”: Michael Elizabeth Sakas, “In 1999, Columbine Felt Like a Galvanizing Moment for Gun Control,” NPR, All Things Considered, April 20, 2018, npr.org/2018/04/20/604070881/19-years-ago-columbine-felt-like-a-galvanizing-moment-for-gun-control. “gunshots to the chest.”: ABC News Special Report on the Columbine High School shootings, April 20, 1999, youtube.com/watch?v=ejBrRrTJbS4. “shot her in the neck.”: Mark Obmascik, “Columbine High School Shooting Leaves 15 dead, 28 Hurt,” The Denver Post, April 21, 1999, denverpost.com/1999/04/21/columbine-high-school-shooting/. LAW, GUN FOES CLAIM: “Teen’s Easy Purchase Shows Flaws in Law, Gun Foes Claim,” The Denver Post, June 10, 1999, extras.denverpost.com/news/shot0610c.htm.

This day would become a dividing line between Before and After. Before: the peace and prosperity of the 1980s and 1990s, the sense of safety, the widespread illusion that America was on top of the world. Millennials would be the first to grow up in the After. THOUGHTS & PRAYERS APRIL 20, 1999 LITTLETON, COLORADO “Good evening, everyone. The reaction of so many people today was, oh, no, not again—another high school: Columbine.” . . . COLUMBINE HIGH SCHOOL SHOOTING LEAVES 15 DEAD, 28 HURT: The shootings were the latest in a series of school shootings since 1997 that have shocked the nation and led to calls for tighter security and closer monitoring of troubled students. . . . We currently have four, Peter. We have two girls and two boys, they’re all in serious condition. We have one young woman who has at least nine gunshots to the chest. . . .

THOUGHTS & PRAYERS APRIL 16, 2007 BLACKSBURG, VIRGINIA “We are live here on the campus of Virginia Tech, the location of the deadliest shooting in US history: 33 dead, 29 wounded, 15 still in the hospital tonight.” . . . VIRGINIA TECH SHOOTING LEAVES 33 DEAD: She walked toward her class, preoccupied with an upcoming exam and listening to music on her iPod. On the way, she said, she heard some loud cracks, and only later concluded they had been gunshots from the second round of shootings. . . . “All this comes at a sobering moment, just five days before the anniversary of the Columbine high school massacre.” . . . THAT WAS THE DESK I CHOSE TO DIE UNDER: The first thing he saw was a gun, then the gunman. “I quickly dove under a desk.” . . . After every shot, he thought, “OK, the next one is me.” But shot after shot, and he felt nothing. He played dead. . . . “He came into our class, shot the person who was sitting next to me, shot our professor, and then I hid under the desk, and then he proceeded to shoot everyone else in our class.” . . .


pages: 509 words: 147,998

The Geeks Shall Inherit the Earth: Popularity, Quirk Theory, and Why Outsiders Thrive After High School by Alexandra Robbins

airport security, Albert Einstein, Columbine, game design, hive mind, out of africa, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), Skype, Slavoj Žižek, social intelligence, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, The Wisdom of Crowds, trickle-down economics

Annmarie’s secret, though she never made plans to act on it, combined with her image at school, could have landed her in a great deal of trouble. In the aftermath of the 1999 shootings at Columbine High School, in which the student gunmen killed twelve students and a teacher and wounded more than two dozen others before shooting themselves, campus perception of outcasts shifted from objects of derision to potential murderers. Because Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold wore Goth-like fashion, demonstrated technological sophistication, and were social outcasts, each of those characteristics came to be suspect in other students; the combination became a dreaded stereotype. “We needed to know who was a good guy and who was a bad guy, and nerds and geeks seemed to be mostly in the enemy camp,” psychologist David Anderegg observed. Columbine “changed the world in many ways but one of the most immediate ways was a nationwide persecution of Goths, nerds, geeks, and perceived misfits of all kinds. . . .

But it still crosses my mind when I’m in tears after an unnecessary comment or lying awake unable to sleep because of anxiety regarding school.” Recent studies have called the link between relational aggression and perceived popularity “robust” and “remarkable.” Psychologists point out that high-status cliques teach the exclusionary behavior that may be the foundation for eventual racism, anti-Semitism, sexism, and other forms of bigotry. Eric Harris, one of the two Columbine murderers, had a secret too. He wasn’t raised in Columbine; his family moved there from Plattsburgh, New York, where he played soccer and Little League baseball, earned good grades, and was a boy scout. In Plattsburgh, administrators would not have singled out Harris as a potential school shooter. Harris’s secret? Before he moved to Colorado, he was popular. Chapter 7 MISPERCEPTIONS REGAN, GEORGIA | THE WEIRD GIRL At a Diversity Committee meeting, Regan announced that she wanted to start a Gay-Straight Alliance.

We don’t teach kids about oral health by making them brush their teeth only once a year. There has to be a plan to reduce exclusionary behavior and harassment. Even three years after two alleged bully victims orchestrated the Columbine massacre, the school still did not have an anti-bullying program in place. No matter how ineffective students claim these programs might be—and even if the programs do fall short—it is nevertheless crucial to have an adult whom kids can turn to for help. As the mother of a friend of the shooters said in 2002, “There has to be, in every school, someone these troubled kids can go to . . . Columbine does not have an anti-bullying program. One lady said to me, ‘You can’t expect them to do it this fast.’ Well, yes you can.’ ” And you must. Chapter 14 CAFETERIA FRINGE: LUCKY AND FREE It is natural for people to want to join groups, and to do what they believe they need to do—like exclude—in order to be accepted into those groups.


pages: 261 words: 71,798

Dangerous Personalities: An FBI Profiler Shows You How to Identify and Protect Yourself From Harmful People by Joe Navarro, Toni Sciarra Poynter

Bernie Madoff, business climate, call centre, Columbine, delayed gratification, impulse control, Louis Pasteur, Norman Mailer, Ponzi scheme, social intelligence, Steve Jobs, Ted Kaczynski

Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 2001. Bovsun, Mara. “14 Years and Nine Tiny Corpses Later, Authorities Finally Took Action on Murderous Mother.” New York Daily News, March 20, 2011. Accessed August 20, 2013. http://www.nydailynews.com/news/crime/14-years-tiny-corpses-authorities-finally-action-murderous-mother-article-1.122089. Brooks, David. “The Columbine Killers.” New York Times, April 24, 2004. Accessed June 1, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2004/04/24/opinion/the-columbine-killers.html?pagewanted=print&src=pm. Brown, Robbie, and Campbell Robertson. “Standoff in Alabama Ends in Boy’s Rescue and Kidnapper’s Death.” New York Times, February 4, 2013. Accessed May 8, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/05/us/boy-is-safe-after-alabama-hostage-standoff.html?_r=0. Browning, C. The Path to Genocide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

THE REALITY OF DANGEROUS PERSONALITIES By now, we’re familiar with the grim headline: Lone killer walks into an office building, classroom, campground, or other area and, seemingly without provocation, opens up with an assault rifle or other weapons, killing or maiming scores of innocent victims. And after each of these events, after the mayhem is over and the victims are buried or patched up (the latter no doubt traumatized for life, as are their families), the question is asked: “Who could do something like this, and could it have been prevented?” When these violent events happen, they dominate the news and preoccupy us for months (the massacres at Virginia Tech; at Columbine High School and Sandy Hook Elementary School; and in Oslo, Norway, to name just a few). Unfortunately, these horrible mass killings happen all too often. In America alone, they occur on average 18 to 20 times per year.1 Coming at us with almost metronomic frequency—more than one per month—such events are almost numbing. “How many were killed this time?” we ask incredulously. Was it 8, 16, 26, or 77 (as in Utøya, Norway, on July 22, 2011, at the hands of Anders Behring Breivik)?

Combine rigid thinking, a fixed ideology, and selective memory with irrational fear and you have the toxic broth of hate—not the dislike you or I might feel, but an uncompromising, dehumanizing hate.8 Add pathological narcissism to the mix and you have people willing and able to act on their hatred with horrific cruelty: walking into classrooms and calmly gunning down students as they scream and cower. This is exactly what happened at Columbine High School (1999), thanks to two paranoid teenagers, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, who narcissistically saw themselves as special and entitled to take the lives of others. For many of these paranoid personalities, violence becomes the solution because nothing else will achieve their out-of-bounds aims or do so fast enough for them. So you get “magical thinking” that goes something like this: If I kill enough scientists, I’ll stop the advance of technology.


Urban Gardening: How to Grow Food in Any City Apartment or Yard No Matter How Small by Will Cook

Columbine

BALCONIES COVERED BY PINE TREES When you have pine trees surrounding your balcony, you’re going to have to deal with the extra shade and annoying pine needles that will litter your balcony floor. You don’t want pine needles inside of your potted plants because it will turn the soil acidic. Make sure to remove them as soon as possible. If you don’t have time to maintain your plants frequently, you can choose plants like astilbe, columbine, azaleas, bleeding heart, hosta and heuchera (along with some other perennials), which love acidic soil and shady conditions. BALCONIES THAT ARE DAMP AND COOL For the gardeners who live in areas of the world that aren’t hot and dry, and have a balcony that faces the northeast, you can plant ferns and perennials that like shade. With that being said, you should avoid succulent plants and Cacti because they won’t do well in these conditions.

You can either purchase a seed starting kit or just use a homemade one using an egg carton with drainage holes at the bottom. Just set the egg carton on top of a tray or plastic bag, so that the excess water is captured. Keep in mind that not all seeds have to be started indoors. Some you can go ahead and plant into the soil of your outdoor containers and they will sprout just fine (such as sunflowers, columbine, poppies and a variety of others). Plants that you will need to start indoors include petunias, broccoli, peppers, snapdragons, marigold, coleus, lettuce, tomatoes and zinnias. It can’t be stressed enough how important it is to first research the plants that you plan to grow, so that you can know exactly how to start their seedlings. This information is usually on the back of the seed packet.

Here is a list of others: Browallia Oxalis Polka-Dot Plant Fuchsia Sweet Potato Vine Lobelia Viola Balsam Beefsteak Plant LIST OF SHADE-LOVING PLANTS Here is a list of shade-loving plants: Pothos (Epipremnum aureum) Peace lily (Spathiphyllum floribundum) Bush lily (Clivia miniata) Spider plants (Chlorophytum comosum ‘Variegatum’) Primrose (Oenothera speciosa) Jacob’s ladder (Polemonium caeruleum) Meadowsweet (Astilbe spp.) Virginia bluebell (Mertensia virginica) Columbine (Aquilegia spp.) Foxglove (Digitalis spp.) Flax lily (Dionella spp.) English ivy (Hedera helix) Coleus (Solenostemon spp.) Fuchsia (Fuchsia spp.) Impatiens species Variegated ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea 'Variegata') Variegated lily turf (Liriope muscari) Bleeding heart (Lamprocapnos spectabilis, formerly classified as Dicentra spectabilis) Hosta (Hosta plantaginea) Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum biflorum) Jumpseed (Persicaria virginata) Japanese anemone (Anemone hybrida) Azalea (Rhododendron spp.)


pages: 542 words: 132,010

The Science of Fear: How the Culture of Fear Manipulates Your Brain by Daniel Gardner

Atul Gawande, availability heuristic, Black Swan, Cass Sunstein, citizen journalism, cognitive bias, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, correlation does not imply causation, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, David Brooks, Doomsday Clock, feminist movement, haute couture, hindsight bias, illegal immigration, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), lateral thinking, mandatory minimum, medical residency, Mikhail Gorbachev, millennium bug, moral panic, mutually assured destruction, nuclear winter, placebo effect, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, social intelligence, Stephen Hawking, Steven Levy, Steven Pinker, the scientific method, Tunguska event, uranium enrichment, Y2K, young professional

The result of this one-sided mental debate showed in opinion polls. Shortly after the Jonesboro massacre, an NBC/Wall Street Journal poll found that 71 percent of Americans said it was likely or very likely that a school shooting would happen in their community, while a USA Today poll taken following the Columbine massacre got almost the same result. One month after Columbine, a Gallup poll found that 52 percent of parents feared for their children’s safety at school; five months later, that number was almost unchanged at 47 percent. As hideous as the Columbine massacre was, it didn’t change the fact that most schools, and most students in them, were perfectly safe—a fact that politicians could have hammered home but did not. Instead, there were endless speeches blaming bad parenting, violent movies, or Goth music for leading youth astray.

So the story inside America’s schools was clear when Indicators of School Crime and Safety was first issued in 1998, and it remains clear today: Murdersin schools are so rare that the risk to any one student is effectively zero, and rates of serious violence have dropped steadily and dramatically. Of course this isn’t people’s sense of reality—thanks mainly to the fact that on April 20, 1999, two heavily armed teenagers walked into Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado. They murdered one teacher and twelve students, wounded twenty-four, and stunned hundreds of millions of people around the world. The Columbine massacre got massive news coverage. The Pew Research Center found that almost seven out of ten Americans said they followed the event “very closely,” making it by far the biggest story of 1999 and the third-biggest story of the entire decade. The biggest story the previous year was the Jonesboro massacre.

In part, that’s because of a calculation every political adviser makes in crises like these: The politician who says the event is tragic but doesn’t change the fact that we remain safe will be hit by his opponents with the accusation that he does not understand how serious the situation is, or worse, that he does not care. It’s a huge political risk, with no reward for those who take it. Few do. And so politicians do not struggle to quell the “unreasoning fear” Roosevelt warned against. They embrace and amplify it. The furor after Columbine faded eventually, but in the fall of 2006, the whole terrible scenario—from tragedy to panic—was revisited. On September 13, a former student entered Dawson College in Montreal with a rifle. One student was killed, nineteen injured. On September 27, a fifty-three-year-old man entered a high school in Colorado, took six girls hostage and killed one. Two days later, a ninth grader in Wisconsin shot his principal to death.


Frommer's Denver, Boulder & Colorado Springs by Eric Peterson

airport security, Columbine, glass ceiling, life extension, Maui Hawaii, Ronald Reagan, Skype, sustainable-tourism, transcontinental railway, upwardly mobile, young professional

down Interstate 25 from Wyoming to New Mexico and strands thousands at Denver International Airport. 1997 Gary Lee Davis, convicted of the 1986 abduction and murder of a Colorado farm wife, is executed by lethal injection, the state’s first execution in 30 years. 1998 The Denver Broncos win the Super Bowl, defeating the Green Bay Packers. ■ ■ The stunning victory saves the Broncos the indignity of becoming the first team to lose five Super Bowls. 1999 The Broncos win the Super Bowl again, this time defeating the Atlanta Falcons. 1999 The worst school shooting in United States history takes place in suburban Denver inside Columbine High School, leaving 15 dead. 12/19/08 11:39:51 PM 2002 One of the worst wildfire seasons in history hits Colorado, with about 1,000 fires burning some 364,000 acres across the state. The biggest fire, southwest of Denver, burns 138,000 acres and destroys 133 homes. 06_382288-ch02.indd 17 ■ ■ ■ 17 2 LO O K I N G B A C K ■ there was a great deal of prejudice against those of Japanese ancestry throughout the United States at the time, Colorado Gov.

(Tourism did decline somewhat, although many Colorado ski resorts posted record seasons.) Then, in May 1996, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down the measure in a 6-to-3 vote, saying that, if enforced, it would have denied homosexuals constitutional protection from discrimination in housing, employment, and public accommodations. On April 20, 1999, in a suburb of Denver, two students shook the city, state, and nation when they went on a shooting spree through Columbine High School. They killed 12 students and one teacher before turning their guns on themselves in the worst school shooting in the nation’s history. Now in the 21st century, the state’s attention has turned to controlling population growth. With Colorado’s growth rate well over the national average, both residents and government leaders question how this unabated influx of outsiders can continue without causing serious harm to the state’s air, water, and general quality of life. 3 T H E L AY O F T H E L A N D First-time visitors to Colorado’s Front Range are often awed by the looming wall of the Rocky Mountains, which come into sight a good 100 miles away, soon after you cross the border from Kansas.

rk Av e. Aurora 30 City Park York St. Gaylord St. Williams St. Downing St. Pa E-470 225 Glendale 20 Englewood 285 Race St. E 18th Ave. E 14th Ave. P I T O L E 22nd Ave. U P T O W N 40 287 40 287 City Park Municipal Golf Course Gilpin St. Ogden St. 16th Ave. Lakewood 88 E 27th St. E 21st Ave. olorado ate Capitol 70 DENVER 6 E 25th Ave. E 23rd Ave. E 17th Ave. 21 Columbine St. E 24th Ave. 23 22 area of main map 85 Lafayette St. E 20th Ave. 27th / Welton h Ave. Josephine St. E 26th Ave. St . Emerson St. Clarkson St. Washington St. on E 29th Ave. 29th / Welton 25th / Welton ve . 30th / Downing Vine St. th DIA 121 Arvada M.L.K. Jr. Blvd. St . 2 Wheat Ridge High St. 25 th St . 30 th S t. St . E 33rd Ave. 76 Thornton 25 Federal Heights Westminster 72 E 31st Ave.


The America That Reagan Built by J. David Woodard

affirmative action, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Bonfire of the Vanities, business cycle, colonial rule, Columbine, corporate raider, cuban missile crisis, Deng Xiaoping, friendly fire, glass ceiling, global village, Gordon Gekko, gun show loophole, income inequality, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, laissez-faire capitalism, late capitalism, Live Aid, Marc Andreessen, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, Neil Kinnock, Nelson Mandela, new economy, postindustrial economy, Ralph Nader, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Rubik’s Cube, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, stem cell, Ted Kaczynski, The Predators' Ball, trickle-down economics, women in the workforce, Y2K, young professional

From their vantage point they could see the first floor cafeteria, just filling with students, and each was covering a main exit from the school.48 Columbine was a school, like hundreds of others in the suburban United States, where athletic prowess was granted a license. An investigative report subsequently found that athletes could bully, haze, and harass other students without fear of reprisal. The homecoming king, a star football player, was on parole for burglary, yet still was permitted to play. The school’s state wrestling champ was allowed to compete, despite being on court-ordered probation.49 The fact that Harris and Klebold were social outcasts probably made them conspicuous targets for taunting. One Columbine student said the ‘‘trench coat mafia’’ ‘‘didn’t look like other people’’ and ‘‘didn’t dress or act like other people.’’

The two murderers committed suicide a little after noon. Columbine was the worst school shooting, and the second deadliest attack on a school, in American history. The astonishing thing was that it could have been so much worse if the bombs had exploded as planned. The boys learned how to make the explosives over the Internet and from readily available books like The Anarchist Cookbook. The ingredients were easily found in hardware stores and made with carbon dioxide canisters, galvanized pipe, and metal propane bottles. The police SWAT team began a thorough check of every room in the high school—a process that took hours. Aside from the unexploded bombs in the cafeteria, the police found twelve other devices throughout the school. 202 THE AMERICA THAT REAGAN BUILT The massacre at Columbine initiated a spate of copycat imitations at other U.S. high schools.

Within the school itself, students congregated in groups, mutually exclusive groups. The ‘‘jocks,’’ the ‘‘preps,’’ the ‘‘rednecks,’’ the ‘‘artists,’’ the ‘‘cheerleaders,’’ the ‘‘non–college prep,’’ and the ‘‘nerds’’ all existed in a kind of tense adolescent association of nonconformity. At 11:10 A.M. on Tuesday, April 20, 1999—Hitler’s 110th birthday—two students who were notorious outsiders arrived at Columbine High School in Littleton, a suburb of Denver, Colorado. The school had 1,800 students; about half were beginning to go to the ‘‘A’’ lunch. Eric Harris, eighteen, and Dylan Klebold, seventeen, found their identity in what was known as the ‘‘trench coat mafia,’’ a group that boasted about owning guns and taking pride in their social alienation. They were pariahs in a high school where athletes, the favored jocks who wore white caps, dominated campus politics and social life.


pages: 456 words: 185,658

More Guns, Less Crime: Understanding Crime and Gun-Control Laws by John R. Lott

affirmative action, Columbine, crack epidemic, Donald Trump, Edward Glaeser, G4S, gun show loophole, income per capita, More Guns, Less Crime, Sam Peltzman, selection bias, statistical model, the medium is the message, transaction costs

Deaths and injuries from multiple-victim public shootings fell even further, on average by 78 percent, as the remaining incidents tended to involve fewer victims per attack.179 That killers often choose gun-free zones for their attacks is not a new phenomenon. Thirteen were killed in the Columbine High School shooting in 1999; twenty-three were shot dead at Luby’s Cafeteria in Killeen, Texas, in 1991; and twenty-one were slain at a McDonald’s in Southern California in 1984.180 Similar horrible incidents occur in other gun-free zones around the world. The Mumbai massacre left 165 victims dead.181 Since 2001, many European countries—including Finland, France, Germany, and Switzerland—have each suffered at least two major multiple-victim shootings. The worst school shooting in Germany resulted in seventeen killed (four more than were killed at the Columbine High School attack); in Switzerland, one attacker fatally shot fourteen legislators in a regional parliament building; in Finland in 2008, an attack took the lives of ten victims.182 During a period of just a couple of weeks in April 2009, there were multiple-victim public shootings at a college in Athens, a crowded café in Rotterdam, and a supermarket in Moscow.183 Overall, the problem with gun-control laws is not too little regulation, but rather that the regulations disarm law-abiding citizens.

Since that time, two of the eight public school shootings (Pearl, Mississippi, and Edinboro, Pennsylvania) were stopped only when citizens with guns interceded.28 In the Pearl, Mississippi, case, Myrick stopped the killer from proceeding to the nearby junior high school and continuing his attack there. These two cases also involved the fewest people harmed in any of the attacks. The armed citizens managed to stop the attackers well before UPDATING THE RESULTS IN 2000 | 195 the police even had arrived at the scene—4½ minutes before in the Pearl, Mississippi, case and 11 minutes before in Edinboro. In a third instance, at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, an armed guard was able to delay the attackers and allow many students to escape the building, even though he was assigned to the school because he had failed to pass his shooting proficiency test. The use of homemade grenades, however, prevented the guard from fighting longer. There is some irony in Dylan Klebold, one of the two killers, strongly opposing the proposed right-to-carry law that was being considered in Colorado at the time of the massacre.29 In the attack on the Jewish community center in Los Angeles in which five people were wounded, the attacker had apparently “scouted three of the West Coast’s most prominent Jewish institutions— the Museum of Tolerance, the Skirball Cultural Center and the University of Judaism—but found security too tight.”30 It is remarkable how little public discussion there has been on the topic of allowing people to defend themselves.

Another puzzle is the lack of coverage given to cases in which citizens with guns have prevented multiple-victim public shootings from occurring. Given the intense concern generated by these attacks, one would think that people would be interested in knowing how these attacks were stopped. 230 | CHAPTER NINE For a simple comparison, take the justified news coverage accorded the heroic actions of Dave Sanders, the Columbine High School teacher who helped protect some of the students and was killed in the process. By the Sunday morning five days after the incident, a Lexis-Nexis search (a type of on-line computer search that includes news media databases) indicates that over 250 of the slightly over 1,000 news stories around the country on this tragedy had mentioned this hero. Contrast this with other school attacks in which the crimes were stopped well before the police were able to arrive.


pages: 924 words: 198,159

Blackwater: The Rise of the World's Most Powerful Mercenary Army by Jeremy Scahill

air freight, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, business climate, business intelligence, centralized clearinghouse, collective bargaining, Columbine, facts on the ground, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Kickstarter, Naomi Klein, private military company, Project for a New American Century, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, school choice, school vouchers, stem cell, urban planning, zero-sum game

On April 20, 1999, Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris walked into their high school, Columbine High, in Littleton, Colorado, wearing black trench coats and armed to the teeth with semiautomatic weapons and shotguns. The two proceeded to go on a killing rampage that took the lives of twelve of their fellow students and one teacher. The incident would quickly be dubbed the “Columbine massacre.” Despite the fact that the number of school shootings had dropped from thirty-two during the 1992-1993 school year to nineteen during 1998-1999, the hype around Columbine encouraged a panic about such incidents that spread throughout the country.50 It also caused law enforcement agencies at all levels to review their ability to respond to such incidents. “Nobody thought that Columbine could have happened,” Ron Watson, a spokesman for the National Tactical Officer’s Association (NTOA), said at the time.

“Nobody thought that Columbine could have happened,” Ron Watson, a spokesman for the National Tactical Officer’s Association (NTOA), said at the time. “So Columbine has changed thinking. It has thrown a new wrinkle into training.”51 In September 1999, some four hundred SWAT team officers found their way to Moyock for exercises at Blackwater’s newly constructed “R U Ready High School.”52 The NTOA kicked in $50,000 to construct the fifteen-room, 14,746-square-foot mock school, but the project likely cost Blackwater much more.53 As with future projects, Prince had the means and the motivation to spend if he thought there would eventually be a payoff. “Erik had enough money to pay for whatever they needed up front, so he could get his money back, he had plenty of capital,” said Al Clark. “He probably inherited $500 million, so he had plenty of money to play with.”54 The mock school featured the sound effects of screaming students, blood spatters, gunshot wounds, and simunition (practice ammo).

This is not something that can wait.”55 Blackwater’s quick construction and running of “R U Ready High” convinced the NTOA, an organization that trains four thousand police officers annually, to split its sixteenth annual conference between Virginia Beach and Blackwater’s Moyock compound. The event drew tactical teams and police officers from every state, Canada, Haiti, Belgium, and England. By April 2000, the NTOA had put more than one thousand officers through training at “R U Ready” as police departments across the country started more and more to hear the name Blackwater. At an NTOA soiree at the time, Prince commented that events like Columbine are “a reminder that vigilance is the price of liberty, and we need well-trained law enforcement and military. There is no shortage of evil in the world.”56 On February 1, 2000, with its name spreading across the law enforcement community, Blackwater took a huge leap forward as it landed its first General Services Administration contract, creating a government-approved list of services and goods Blackwater could sell to federal agencies and the prices it could officially charge.


pages: 70 words: 22,682

Einstein's Dreams by Alan Lightman

Brownian motion, Columbine

• 10 May 1905 It is late afternoon, and, for a brief moment, the sun nestles in a snowy hollow of the Alps, fire touching ice. The long slants of light sweep from the mountains, cross a restful lake, cast shadows in a town below. In many ways, it is a town of one piece and a whole. Spruce and larch and arolla pine form a gentle border north and west, while higher up are fire lilies, purple gentians, alpine columbines. In pastures near the town graze cattle for making butter, cheese, and chocolate. A little textile mill produces silks, ribbons, cotton clothes. A church bell rings. The smell of smoked beef fills the streets and alleyways. On closer look, it is a town in many pieces. One neighborhood lives in the fifteenth century. Here, the storeys of the rough-stone houses are joined by outdoor stairs and galleries, while the upper gables gape and open to the winds.

Some time ago, he saw her on the train to Fribourg, was entranced, and asked to take her to the Grosse Schanze gardens. From the urgency in his voice and the look in his eyes, the woman knew that he meant soon. So she waits for him, not impatiently, passing the time with a book. Some time later, perhaps on the following day, he arrives, they lock arms, walk to the gardens, stroll by the groupings of tulips, roses, martagon lilies, alpine columbines, sit on a white cedar bench for an unmeasurable time. Evening comes, marked by a change in the light, a reddening of the sky. The man and woman follow a winding path of small white stones to a restaurant on a hill. Have they been together a lifetime, or only a moment? Who can say? Through the leaded windows of the restaurant, the mother of the man spots him sitting with the woman. She wrings her hands and whines, for she wants her son at home.


Confronting Gun Violence in America by Thomas Gabor

Columbine, demand response, Ferguson, Missouri, income inequality, mandatory minimum, More Guns, Less Crime, RFID, Silicon Valley, urban sprawl

Several hours later, police pursued their vehicle and killed them in a shootout. 14 killed—August 20, 1986—In Edmond, Oklahoma, part-time mail carrier, Patrick Henry Sherrill, armed with three handguns, killed 14 postal workers in 10 minutes and then took his own life with a bullet to the head. 13 killed—November 5, 2009—At Fort Hood, Texas, Major Nidal Malik Hasan killed 13 people and injured 32. He was convicted and sentenced to death. 13 killed—April 3, 2009—In Binghamton, New York, Jiverly Wong killed 13 people and injured 4 at an immigrant community center. He then committed suicide. 13 killed—April 20, 1999—Columbine High School—Littleton, Colorado. 18-year-old Eric Harris and 17-year-old Dylan Klebold killed 12 fellow students and 1 teacher before committing suicide. (continued) 68 Confronting Gun Violence in America Table 5.1 (continued) 13 killed—February 18, 1983—In Seattle, three men entered the Wah Mee gambling and social club, robbed the 14 occupants, and then shot each in the head, killing 13. Two of the men, Kwan Fai Mak and Benjamin Ng, were convicted of murder in August 1983.

However, as illustrated in Chap. 13, the view that guns promote feelings of safety tends to erode when people are asked specifically about gun carrying in their community as opposed to gun possession in the home.76 While it is just the story of one individual, Heidi Yewman’s story, while perhaps not representative of how the average owner responds to gun ownership, illustrates some of the anxieties and insecurities that may be associated with gun possession.77 Yewman, an author who attended Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, the site of one of America’s worst school massacres, decided to experiment with gun possession and carrying for one month. Her experience also indicates some of the risks associated with these activities, even where the owner is a responsible individual. Only two days into my experiment … I put my purse on the counter and then spent the next hour out on the back deck.

., expanded background checks, assault weapons ban).14,15 Duke University’s Philip Cook and Kristen Goss conducted a statistical analysis, referred to as multiple regression, to isolate the impact of several factors on attitudes toward different gun control measures.16 They found household gun ownership to be a strong predictor of gun rights, but party affiliation (Republicans are more pro-gun) and gender are also strong independent predictors of one’s position on gun policy. Highprofile shootings, such as those at Columbine High School and Virginia Tech, tend to produce a brief surge in support for gun control measures, 13 Public Opinion: An Impediment to Reform? 245 but this support tends not to last and is dwarfed by an apparent longterm shift toward a greater emphasis on gun rights.17 While a number of polls of gun owners show that they tend to support several key gun control measures, owners’ misunderstanding of laws pertaining to firearms may help account for some of their opposition to less intrusive forms of gun regulation.


pages: 436 words: 125,809

The Way of the Gun: A Bloody Journey Into the World of Firearms by Iain Overton

air freight, airport security, back-to-the-land, British Empire, Chelsea Manning, clean water, Columbine, David Attenborough, Etonian, Ferguson, Missouri, gender pay gap, gun show loophole, illegal immigration, interchangeable parts, Julian Assange, knowledge economy, Louis Pasteur, Mahatma Gandhi, More Guns, Less Crime, offshore financial centre, Ronald Reagan, Ross Ulbricht, WikiLeaks, Y2K, Yom Kippur War

The US, quite simply, is the land of the gun. It’s the Gunfight at the OK Corral. It’s Harry Callahan’s ‘Go ahead, make my day’. It’s the sniper bullet that killed JFK. It’s Colt and Smith & Wesson. Custer’s Last Stand and Annie Get Your Gun. Quentin Tarantino, drive-by shootings and SWAT teams. It’s the deaths of John Lennon and Martin Luther King, and the oiled-up swagger of Stallone and Schwarzenegger. It’s Sandy Hook, Columbine, Virginia Tech, Fort Hood, Aurora and school shootings in Oregon. And it’s endless, endless figures about guns and violence that are so disturbing they just blunt you. But perhaps it is best to start with those hard facts. Just take one decade of gun statistics in the US.1 Between 2004 and 2013, according to data from the US Bureau of Justice, over 4.5 million people were the victims of gun crime in the United States.

And I realised what I had first mistaken for rage was actually annoyance. Saari had just filmed himself, and this man was not going to kill me. He was just bothered that I was here, stumbling about in the forest with my video camera. Because my presence, in this remote province of this little-visited country, was a clear signal to him of what was to come: a bloody media spectacle. The modern mass shooter and the modern media are intrinsically linked. Columbine, Dunblane, Sandy Hook: journalists, responding to the final performance of a lone shooter, have ensured that these place names are forever marked. In news ‘if it bleeds, it leads’, so the saying goes, and that evening the news the world over led with the blood Saari had shed and the name of Kauhajoki. Bulletins showed the rows of flickering candles and teddy bears outside the school. Images of the Finnish emergency services standing around awkwardly were transmitted across the world.

We recall how Seung-Hui Cho, the warped killer of thirty-two at Virginia Tech, enjoyed taking photographs up the skirts of fellow students under the desks with his cell phone.23 But these are traits that, while odd, are far from proof of a mass murderer in the making. As one psychologist put it: ‘Although mass murderers often do exhibit bizarre behavior, most people who exhibit bizarre behavior do not commit mass murder.’24 Nonetheless, it is fair to say that mass shooters are often very focused outsiders who plan their actions obsessively. Many massacres have been in the pipeline for months, sometimes years: the Columbine shooting took thirteen months to plan.25 Anders Behring Breivik in Norway claimed he had been plotting his actions for five years. This planning reflects a fixated and resentful view of the world. Mass shooters want to fix their ideas in history: a sort of personal vindication through gunfire. Whereas terrorists use guns and the media to promote political or religious beliefs, mass shooters use guns and the media to highlight their own personal grievances.


Colorado by Lonely Planet

big-box store, California gold rush, carbon footprint, Columbine, East Village, haute couture, haute cuisine, Kickstarter, payday loans, Steve Wozniak, trade route, transcontinental railway, young professional

Millwood Junction SEAFOOD $$ ( 970-533-7338; www.millwoodjunction.com; cnr Main St & Railroad Ave; mains $10-20; 11am-2pm daily, 5:30-10:30pm Mon-Fri; ) This is a popular steak and seafood dinner joint. Folks from miles around come to Mancos on Friday night for the seafood buffet ($14). The restaurant often doubles as a club, showcasing live music. Columbine Bar PUB ( 970-533-7397; 123 W Grand Ave; 10am-2am) More than a century after Columbine Bar first opened its doors, the saloon, established in 1903 and one of Colorado’s oldest continuously operating bars, is still going strong. Locals come for pints of ice-cold local brews and good pub food (mains $5), but visitors will love the Old West feel this smoky old saloon oozes. The mounted animal heads keep watch as you shoot pool. Mancos Valley Distillery DISTILLERY (www.mancosvalleydistillery.com; 116 N Main St; hours vary) If you’re interested in tasting something really local, make your way to this distilery, where artisan distiller Ian James crafts delicate rum.

Giampetro ITALIAN, PIZZA $$ ( 970-453-3838; www.giampetropizza.com; 100 N Main St; mains $9-15; 11am-9:30pm; ) Dig into some consistently good, honest and soulful New York–style pizza. It’s sold by the slice and pie, along with dishes such as baked ziti with meatballs (among a dozen pasta dishes), submarine sandwiches (good trail grub) and calzones. It’s all served in a bright corner room, decorated with those kitschy red-checkered tablecloths. Columbine Cafe DINER $ ( 970-547-4474; 109 S Main St; mains $6-10; 7:30am-2pm; ) If you’re looking for a more tasteful, flavorful breakfast dive, duck into this cozy stonewall nook. It does eggs Benedict six ways, huevos and Texas-style French toast flavored with vanilla, cinnamon and nutmeg! Mimi’s Fried Pies PIES $ ( 970-547-8330; www.mimisfriedpies.com; 411 S Main St; pies $3.95-4.95; 10am-6pm; ) These pies are a cross between Aussie meat pies and Southern-style pot pies, but being handheld there’s an empanada influence, and they were dreamt up long-ago in Oklahoma by Mimi’s grandmother, who most likely had never seen an empanada, so there’s that.

Breckenridge Brewery BREWPUB ( 970-453-1550; www.breckenridgebrewery.com; 600 S Main St; 11am-1am) With seven malty aromatic brews being cooked up in the kettles directly behind the bar, you know what this is all about. When we visited the flavors included an agave wheat, a vanilla porter and an IPA. Pub grub is served all day and late into the night, but you’re here for beer, no? There are four other Colorado locations, including three in Denver, but this is where their heart is. Green Fairy Bar ABSINTHE BAR ( 970-968-2222; www.greenfairybar.com; 325 S Main St; 7pm-late) A basement bar tucked into the Columbine Square building. It’s a simple spot with Spanish tile floors, wood tables and dark-wood bar and it pours absinthe, the once forbidden aperitif. Labels include St George, Leopold Brothers and Kubler. Downstairs at Eric’s BAR ( 970-453-1401; www.downstairsaterics.com; 111 S Main St; 11am-midnight; ) Downstairs at Eric’s is a Breckenridge institution. Locals flock to this electric basement joint, with a games room full of vintage pinball machines, for the pitchers, juicy burgers and delicious mashed potatos (mains from $6).


pages: 257 words: 72,251

Nothing to Hide: The False Tradeoff Between Privacy and Security by Daniel J. Solove

Albert Einstein, cloud computing, Columbine, hindsight bias, illegal immigration, invention of the telephone, Marshall McLuhan, national security letter, security theater, the medium is the message, traffic fines, urban planning

The legal scholar Stephen Vladeck notes that the concept of national security has a distorting effect on the law: “[O]ne can find national security considerations influencing ordinary judicial decision making across the entire gamut of contemporary civil and criminal litigation.”6 Although claims of national security don’t directly eliminate rights or civil liberties, they severely weaken them. National-security claims are often accompanied by calls for deference (which, as I argued in Chapter 4, are unjustified), as well as demands for secrecy. What Precisely Is “National Security”? In 1999 two high school students, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, went on a rampage at the Columbine High School near Denver. 64 The National-Security Argument They killed thirteen people, injured twenty-one others, and then committed suicide. The crime, though, wasn’t categorized as a national-security matter even though it involved guns, terror, mass murder, bombs, and suicidal perpetrators. In contrast, in 2002, the government suspected José Padilla of plotting to detonate a “dirty bomb” (a bomb with radioactive material) in a major city.

He was designated an “enemy combatant” and detained and tortured for years without being charged with a crime or accorded the right to a hearing. Ultimately, the dirty-bomb allegations were dropped, and he was convicted of conspiracy to provide material support to terrorists and sentenced to seventeen years in prison.7 Padilla was a U.S. citizen. Why was his crime deemed a national-security issue while the Columbine rampage wasn’t? The line between national-security and regular criminal activities is quite blurry. What about the Beltway snipers of 2002, who terrorized people in Maryland, Virginia, and the District of Columbia? What about Timothy McVeigh, the man who bombed the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people? Are these regular crimes? Or matters of national security?

., 107 Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 3, 8, 63, 76, 78, 84, 95; El-Masri lawsuit, 67–68; illegal torture, 67–68 Chaplin, Charlie, 7 Chertoff, Michael, 200 Chesney, Robert, 218n17 Church, Frank, 10 Church Committee, 10, 70 civil liberties, 34, 40, 55–61, 78, 80, 208; crime-espionage distinction and, 71–80; pendulum argument, 55–61; post 9/11, 59–60, 67–68, 71, 155; in times of crisis, 55–61, 66, 71–72 civil rights movement, 8 Civil War, 58, 61 Clinton, Bill, 149–50 cloud computing, 105–106, 107 Code of Hammurabi, 4 Cohen, Julie, 178 Cold War, 7–8, 58, 59, 61, 72 Colonial America, 4, 147 Columbine shootings, 64–65 communism, 7–8, 59, 61 computers, 11; cloud computing, 105–106, 107; data mining, 182–98; Internet privacy, 13, 102–110, 156–62, 164–73, 189–90; rise of, 166–67; third party doctrine and, 102–110. See also email; Internet Concurring Opinions (blog), 22–23 confidentiality, 107, 108 Congress, U.S., 5, 7, 9, 11, 40, 62, 70, 76, 129, 165, 166, 200; Church Committee, 10, 70; on national security surveillance, 10–11, 82–90, 176; on new technologies, 166–67, 173, 176; Patriot Act and, 12, 76, 155; TSP authorization, 82–90 Constitution, U.S., 3, 4, 7, 13, 42, 52, 55, 63, 80, 84, 89, 94, 95, 110, 146; privacy protection, 2–3, 6–7, 9, 11, 12–13, 35, 91–152.


And Never Stop Dancing: Thirty More True Things You Need to Know Now by Gordon Livingston

Charles Lindbergh, Columbine, desegregation, follow your passion, Maui Hawaii

Like the famous three lies (“The check is in the mail,” “I love you,” and “The flight will be delayed about an hour”), 11. 0738212494-text.qxd:0738212494-text.qxd 7/10/08 9:34 AM Page 12 And Never Stop Dancing the three questions tell us something about ourselves and about the human condition. We may long to win the lottery or appear on national TV. What would really improve our lives is to laugh more, think about why we’re here, and let each other merge. 12. 0738212494-text.qxd:0738212494-text.qxd 7/10/08 9:34 AM Page 13 3. Forgiveness is a gift we give ourselves. or a time after the massacre in 1999, on a hill overlooking Columbine High School, stood fifteen crosses, memorials to both the victims and the perpetrators. Then the father and stepfather of one of the dead children removed the two crosses bearing the names of the shooters. They questioned the propriety of honoring murderers in the same place as their victims. And so, while we were still struggling with the meaning, if any, of this tragedy, we were confronted with the question F 13. 0738212494-text.qxd:0738212494-text.qxd 7/10/08 9:34 AM Page 14 And Never Stop Dancing of what attitude we should take toward it.

One definition of the word is “giving up a grievance to which you are entitled.” Widely confused with forgetting or reconciliation, it is neither. Forgiveness is an act of letting go, of relinquishment. It is not something we 14. 0738212494-text.qxd:0738212494-text.qxd 7/10/08 9:34 AM Page 15 Forgiveness is a gift we give ourselves. do for others; it is a gift to ourselves. The shooters at Columbine High inflicted the death penalty on themselves. What is left for us to do to them? We do not release them from accountability by forgiving; we free ourselves from the burden of bitterness. In this sense forgiveness is a selfish rather than an altruistic act. People present themselves for psychotherapy burdened by grievances. Abusive childhoods, alcoholic parents, bad marriages—misfortunes of every type—are offered as “explanations” for one’s current mood or behavior.


pages: 318 words: 82,452

The End of Policing by Alex S. Vitale

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, anti-communist, Broken windows theory, citizen journalism, Columbine, deindustrialization, desegregation, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, equal pay for equal work, Ferguson, Missouri, ghettoisation, hiring and firing, illegal immigration, immigration reform, income inequality, mandatory minimum, mass immigration, mass incarceration, moral panic, Occupy movement, open borders, rent-seeking, Ronald Reagan, strikebreaker, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, white flight

One of the immediate consequences was a rash of new laws lowering the age of adult criminal responsibility, making it easier to incarcerate young people in adult jails, in keeping with the broader politics of incapacitation and mass incarceration. It was also at the center of efforts to tighten school discipline policies and increase police presence in schools. The second major factor was the Columbine school massacre of 1999, in which two Colorado high school students murdered twelve classmates and a teacher, despite the presence of armed police on campus. This tragic incident received incredible attention due to its extreme nature and the fact that it occurred in a normally low-crime white suburban area. It was easy enough for middle-class families to ignore the more frequent outbursts of violence in nonwhite urban schools, but this incident drove them to want action taken to make schools safer for young people.

Its annual convention is a panoply of military contractors trying to sell schools new security systems, train officers in paramilitary techniques, and make the case that students are at constant risk from themselves and outsiders. Annette Fuentes attended one such convention and was appalled at the keynote speaker, an “anti-terrorism expert” with no domestic law enforcement or pedagogical training who warned the hundreds of officers present, You’ve got people in your schools right now planning a Columbine. Every town, every university now has a Cho [the Virginia Tech shooter] and in every state, we have Al-Qaeda cells thinking of it. Every school is a possible target of attack … You’ve got to be a one-man fighting force … You’ve got to have enough guns and ammunition and body armor to stay alive … You should be walking around in school every day in complete tactical equipment, with semi-automatic weapons and five rounds of ammo … You can no longer afford to think of yourselves as peace officers … You must think of yourself as soldiers at war, because we’re going to ask you to act like soldiers.31 This mindset is permeating school policing.

This eBook is licensed to Edward Betts, edward@4angle.com on 06/08/2020 Index Abbott, Greg 189 Advancement Project 71, 170, 238n7 AFL-CIO 192 Alexander, Michelle 50–2, 142, 229, 237n41, 248n8, 249n28, 250n37 Alvarado, Daniel 66 American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) 14, 63, 138, 165, 179, 208–10, 213, 217, 234n47, 234n54, 239n26, 239n28, 254n10, 254n20, 257n26, 257n28, 258n29, 258n35, 258n37 American Federation of Teachers 71–2, 240n51 American Friends Service Committee 209 American Immigration Council 188, 255n35 American Legion 206 American Indian Movement 49 American Party 176 American Protective League 206 Americans with Disabilities Act 63, 147 Anslinger, Harry 132 Anthracite Coal Strike 40 Apuzzo, Matt, 213, 229, 258n43 Asset forfeiture 25, 135–6 Bacon, David 256n46 Balko, Radley 135, 229, 231n11, 232n28, 248n14, Banfield, Edward 5–6, 232n13 Baum, Dan 248n9 Bayley, David 32, 235n1 Beck, Charlie 159, 169–70 Becker, Howard 248n7 Beckett, Katherine 92–3, 229, 243n2, 245n2 Belafonte, Harry 55 Belenko, Steven 248n5 Bernal, Joe 236n28 Bernstein, Elizabeth 247n21 Biasotti, Michael 87 Bittner, Egon 76–7, 241n2 Black Lives Matter 55, 208, 218, 226 Black Panthers 49 Black Youth Project 154–5, 225, 259n2 Blackmon, Douglas 237n35 Body cameras 17, 22, 23–4, 188, 222 Boone, Levi 38 Boyd, James 94 Bracero Program 177, 191–2 Bratton, William 4, 15, 169 Broeker, Galen 235n7 Broken Windows Theory 5–7, 13, 22, 51, 53, 56, 60, 93–4, 97, 148, 168, 184, 222 Brooklyn College 213 Brown, David 27–8 Brown, Michael 11, 18, 216 Bush, George W. 22, 59–60, 123, 180, 219 Butler, Smedley 42 Calavita, Kitty 253n4 Calderon, Felipe 144 Cantu, Aaron 236n26 Carrigan, William 43, 236n5 Center for Court Innovation 101, 146, 250n48 Center for Media and Democracy 210 Central Intelligence Agency 49, 144 Coal and Iron Police 40 Colorado Campaign for Middle East Peace 209 Cox, Mike 43, 236n24 Charleston City Guard and Watch 46 Chartists 36 Children’s Defense Fund 62 Chinese Exclusion Act 176 Clear, Todd 252n27 Clinton, Bill 51, 61, 129, 134, 179–80, 194 Coates, Ta-Nehisi 155, 251n63 Columbine school shooting 57 Comey, James 15 Community policing 16–17, 22, 222 Congress for Racial Equality (CORE) 49 Counter Intelligence Program (COINTELPRO) 202, 206–7 Crabapple, Molly 120, 247n20 Crawford, John 1, 10 Critical Resistance 165 Cruz, Alvin 2 Csete, Joanne 248n13 Cure Violence 174 Currie, Elliott 171, 229, 253n24 Czitrom, Daniel 229, 236n17 Daley, Robert 248n17 Dashboard cameras 22–3 de Blasio, Bill 4 Death penalty 28 Decriminalization of drugs 134, 145, 148–50; of sex work 109, 118–19, 124–8 Denver Peace and Justice Committee 209 Dewey, Susan 125, 229, 245n1, 247n23 DiIulio, John 56 Domanick, Joe 159, 229, 252n5, 253n21 Donner, Frank 203, 257n21 Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) 67, 151 Drug courts 145–8 Drug Enforcement Agency 49, 130, 134, 137, 178 Drug Policy Alliance 148, 250n47, 251n55, 251n57, 251n60 Dukakis, Michael 51 Dunn, Robert 257n16 Elliot, Samuel 37 Empower Chiang Mai 122–3, 247n22 Engle, Byron 50 Evans, Rob 256n11 Fagan, Jeffrey 249n29 Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) 15, 49, 123, 137–8, 157, 178, 188, 201–3, 205–6, 209, 211–12 Ferdaus, Rezwan 212 Ferguson, Missouri 2, 11, 15, 18–20, 22, 215–217 Focused Deterrence 167–8 Food and Drug Administration 130 Fortner, Michael 172, 253n26 Fosdick, Raymond Blaine 236n12 Friedman, Barry 24, 229, 234n52 Friedman, Milton 5 Fuentes, Annette 59, 64, 229, 238n11, 239n31 Fusion centers 210–11 Geller, Amanda 249n29 Gage, Beverly 257n14 Gang databases 164–165; injunctions 163–5 Garcia, Ramon 189 Garriot, William 154, 229, 248n2 Garner, Eric 1, 4–5, 7 Garwood, Jesse 42 Gates, Daryl 158, 169 Gates, Henry Louis 3 General Trade Union 37 German, Michael 258n35, 258n37 Gilje, Paul 235n11 Glenn, Brendon 95 Glick, Brian 257n20 Global AIDS Act 123 Goldman, Adam 213, 229, 258n43 Goldman, Emma 202 Gottschalk, Marie 255n26 Grandin, Greg 256n49 Graham, Ramarley 141–2 Graham v.


pages: 347 words: 90,234

You Can't Make This Stuff Up: The Complete Guide to Writing Creative Nonfiction--From Memoir to Literary Journalism and Everything in Between by Lee Gutkind

airport security, Albert Einstein, Atul Gawande, Columbine, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, Joan Didion, Mark Zuckerberg, New Journalism, non-fiction novel, Norman Mailer, out of africa, personalized medicine, publish or perish, Ronald Reagan, Stephen Hawking, working poor, Year of Magical Thinking

Freeman interprets what he or the writers might assume about the penguins’ migration or what they say, but he does not fabricate, no matter how tempting. Yet documentary films don’t claim to be objective or balanced. The director chooses what to show a reader and what footage to leave on the cutting room floor. And the narrator or writer interprets for viewers the meaning of the footage they’re seeing—at least from his or her point of view. Michael Moore (Bowling for Columbine, Sicko, Fahrenheit 9/11, and many more) insists all of his documentaries are fact-checked, which is undoubtedly true. But he selects which ideas, characters, and incidents to present—and which to leave out. The writer of creative nonfiction can be subjective and establish a personal point of view, as Michael Moore does. But being opinionated can alienate readers. Sometimes, to make a point, a lighter touch can be effective.

- CNF invites submissions of 130-character true stories to a daily Twitter contest. 2010 Creative Nonfiction: now a magazine. BIBLIOGRAPHY Anhert, Margaret. The Knock at the Door: A Journey Through the Darkness of the Armenian Genocide. New York: Beaufort, 2007. Berendt, John. Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil. New York: Random House, 1994. Bissinger, Harry Gerard, Friday Night Lights. New York: Da Capo, 1990. Bouton, Jim. Ball Four. New York: Macmillan, 1970. Bowling for Columbine. Directed by Michael Moore. Dog Eat Dog Films, 2002. Burroughs, Augustine. Running with Scissors. New York: Picador, 2002. Capote, Truman. In Cold Blood. New York: Random House, 1965. Churchill, Winston. Speech to Students. Harrow School, October 1941. Clancy, Tom. The Hunt for Red October. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1984. D’Agata, John. The Next American Essay. St. Paul, MN: Graywolf, 2002.

INDEX Academic community, creative nonfiction and Accuracy, in creative nonfiction Ackerman, Diane Action, in creative nonfiction “The Age of the Literary Memoir Is Now” (Atlas) The Agony and the Ecstasy (Stone) Albert, Laura Albom, Mitch Allen, Woody All the President’s Men (Woodward & Bernstein) Almost Human (Gutkind) Angela’s Ashes (McCourt) Angel at the Fence (Rosenblat) Angelou, Maya Anhert, Margaret Annals of the Former World (McPhee) Aristotle The Art of the Personal Essay (Lopate) Ashe, Arthur Association of Author’s Representatives Association of Writers and Writing Programs Atlantic Monthly Atlas, James At the End of Life (Gutkind) Autobiography Autobiography of a Face (Grealy) Background Backlist books Baer, Neal Baldwin, James Ball, Edward Ball Four (Bouton) Barnes & Noble Barrus, Timothy Patrick A Beautiful Mind (Nasar) The Believer (magazine) Belles-lettres Berendt, John Berkeley Books Bernstein, Carl The Best Creative Nonfiction (Gutkind) The Best Seat in Baseball, But You Have to Stand (Gutkind) “Big Two Hearted River” (Hemingway) Bike Fever (Gutkind) Bissinger, H. G. (Buzz) Black Hawk Down (Bowden) Blair, Jayson blogger.com Blogging, personal The Blood Runs Like a River Through My Dreams (Nasdijj) Book proposals Bookstore categorization The Botany of Desire (Pollan) BOTS (based on a true story) Bouton, Jim Bowden, Mark Bowling for Columbine (film) The Boys of Summer (Kahn) Brando, Marlon Breslin, Jimmy Brevity (online journal) Briggle, Adam Burch, Rueben Burroughs, Augusten Bush, George H. W. Cader, Michael Campanella, Roy Capote, Truman Carson, Rachel Carter, Jimmy Carville, James Catch 22 (Heller) Causey, Chap “Centre Court” (McPhee) “Charging Lions” (Phillips) “Chick lit,” Chronology, altering Churchill, Winston Clancy, Tom Clarity in writing Clinton, Bill Clinton, Hillary Rodham Code Name, “Mary” (Gardiner) Cod (Kurlansky) Coffee House Colbert, Stephen The Colbert Report (television program) Collier’s (magazine) Collins, Addie Mae Colorado Review (journal) Color (Finlay) Composites Compression Conroy, Pat Conscience, author’s Cooke, Janet The Corrections (Franzen) Cousteau, Jacques Cox, Billy Creative nonfiction coining term covering yourself credibility and defining disseminating/marketing ethical and moral boundaries in fakers/exaggerators finding ideas for flexibility and freedom offered by goal of graduate programs in legitimacy in libel and defamation markets for name changing in objectivity debate personal/private poetry and public/issue-oriented publishing role of scenes in as second genre for authors selecting subjects for sharing with subjects prior to publication story and structure of (see Structure of creative nonfiction) subgenres time line of truth and Vanity Fair article on See also Immersion nonfiction; Memoir Creative nonfiction cinema Creative Nonfiction Foundation, mentoring help from Creative Nonfiction (magazine) creative nonfiction time line definition of creative nonfiction editing essays for factual mistake in on Frey controversy on introspection and interiority PodLit Twitter contest Creative writing degree programs Creative writing fellowships Credibility, fact checking and Criticism, Wilde on Croft, Steve The Curve of Binding Energy (McPhee) D’Agata, John Davis, Wade Dead persons defamation and writing about recreation and Death in the Afternoon (Hemingway) Death of a Salesman (Miller) Defamation Defoe, Daniel Defonseca, Misha DeLillo, Don Description The Devil in the White City (Larson) The Devil Wears Prada (Weisberger) de Wael, Monique Dialogue The Diary of Anne Frank Diction Didion, Joan “Difficult Decisions” (Gutkind) deconstructing focus and frame of Dillard, Annie DiMaggio, Joe Dinesen, Isak Disaster nonfiction Disclaimers Dixon, Jo Dobler, Bruce Docudrama/documentary films Don’t Let Me Be Lonely (Rankine) Dostoyevsky, Fyodor Down and Out in Paris and London (Hemingway) Dramatic reading skills Dutch (Morris) Easy Rider (film) Eat, Pray, Love (Gilbert) Eberstadt, Mary Editing line Eggers, Dave Ehrenreich, Barbara Einstein, Albert Eire, Carlos Eisenberg, Jesse The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test (Wolfe) Ellison, Harlan Embedded information Endings Entertainment Weekly (magazine) The Epic Story of the Building of the Brooklyn Bridge (McCullough) Esquire (magazine) Essays formal and informal lyric personal segmented Ethical and moral boundaries in creative nonfiction Exodus (Uris) Experience, writing and Experts, citing in creative nonfiction Fabrication The Fabulist (Glass) Fact checking D’Agata and David Sedaris personal truth vs.


pages: 295 words: 89,280

The Narcissist Next Door by Jeffrey Kluger

Albert Einstein, always be closing, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, Bernie Madoff, Columbine, delayed gratification, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, impulse control, Jony Ive, longitudinal study, meta analysis, meta-analysis, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, QWERTY keyboard, Ralph Nader, Ronald Reagan, Schrödinger's Cat, Stanford marshmallow experiment, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, the scientific method, theory of mind, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, twin studies, Walter Mischel, zero-sum game

“how come, If im free I cant deprive a stupid fucking dumbshit from his possessions If he leaves them sitting in the front seat of his fucking van out in plain sight and in the middle of fucking nowhere on a Frifuckingday night. NATURAL SELECTION. fucker should be shot.” As it happened, the van owner wasn’t shot, but a lot of other people were. It happened more than a year later, and the boy himself—Eric Harris—along with his friend, Dylan Klebold, pulled the triggers, killing fifteen people, including themselves, and wounding twenty-one others at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, on April 20, 1999. It was a shooting spree that until the slaughter of first-graders in Newtown, Connecticut, in 2012 was the most savage mass killing Americans had ever experienced. And too few saw it coming. Harris’s first therapist was not the only one gulled by his easy charm and humble mien. The supervisor of the state-sanctioned youth program, who also evaluated him, swallowed the act, too, and predicted good things for him.

“It’s gonna be like fucking Doom,” Harris said, in a nod to his favorite video game. “Tick, tick, tick, tick. Ha!” That Harris and Klebold were inept—that their propane tanks fizzled and their pipe bombs were puny and they wound up doing their murderous work armed with little more than their guns and their hate—changes nothing about their monstrousness. “Peekaboo,” said Harris at one point during the rampage, as he slammed his hand on a table in the Columbine library under which students Emily Wyant and Cassie Bernall were hiding. Then he bent down, thrust the gun under the table and shot Cassie in the head. “Who’s next? Who’s ready to die?” one of the boys asked as they prowled the library; the survivors can’t say which killer said what, because they were hiding as best they could and dared not look up. “All the jocks stand up! We’re going to kill every one of you!”

Harris shouted as he stood at the top of a stairwell firing down at a crowd of students. But it was the library that would forever be remembered as the center of the carnage—where they shot or killed twenty-two of their victims. It was in the library, too, that, their rage finally spent, Harris and Klebold took their own lives, leaving a mountain of evidence—and a mountain of mystery—behind. “The slaughter at Columbine High School opened a sad national conversation about what turned two boys’ souls into poison,” wrote Time’s Nancy Gibbs in the week that followed. “It promises to be a long, hard talk, in public and in private, about why smart, privileged kids rot inside.” That was true then, and it’s true a decade and a half later. It begs the point to say that Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris were psychopaths; there are many such grievously ill people in the world and they don’t commit the kind of crime these boys did.


pages: 142 words: 47,993

The Partly Cloudy Patriot by Sarah Vowell

Columbine, cuban missile crisis, financial independence, Ralph Nader, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, slashdot, stem cell, Upton Sinclair, white picket fence

Democracy and Things Like That It all started in 1999, when Joanne McGlynn’s media literacy class at Concord High School in Concord, New Hampshire, invited all the presidential candidates to speak. Known to loiter in New Hampshire ceaselessly before the state’s primary elections, a whopping 50 percent of the eight major candidates accepted: Alan Keyes, Orrin Hatch, Gary Bauer, and Al Gore. They were asked to speak on the subject of school violence, not just because of the murders at Columbine earlier that year but also because a Concord High student was killed at school a couple of years earlier. Gore spoke to the student body on November 30, 1999. And, contrary to conventional wisdom regarding his charisma deficiency, he was a hit. Students Lucas Gallo, Ashley Pettengill, and Alyssa Spellman recall the event. Lucas claims, “He wasn’t as stiff as people say he was. He comes out, takes his jacket off.

Lucas laughs, admitting, “He was still Gore. But he wasn’t quite as stiff. He didn’t just get up and talk like the other candidates did. He was kind of a neat speaker to see.” While the students were impressed by Gore’s easygoing manner—his form—Joanne McGlynn was pleased with his content, the way he talked about school violence. “He was very careful to describe the complicated nature of what might have caused what happened at Columbine,” she recalls. “He didn’t say, ‘It is just because those two boys played video games.’ He used a little analogy about when you catch a cold or when you don’t. He said that some kids in this auditorium had the insulation of a loving family, of teachers who cared about them, of a supportive school system and said perhaps they were insulated from some of these outside forces. And, therefore, were immune from committing those kinds of acts.”


pages: 588 words: 193,087

And Here's the Kicker: Conversations with 21 Top Humor Writers on Their Craft by Mike Sacks

Albert Einstein, Charles Lindbergh, Columbine, Donald Trump, Exxon Valdez, fear of failure, game design, illegal immigration, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, index card, Joan Didion, Norman Mailer, out of africa, pre–internet, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, upwardly mobile

And I think that's why people responded so much to that issue. We were getting a lot of fan mail at that time. The same thing sort of happened after we did the issue about the Columbine High School shooting in 1999. I personally was really, really freaked out when Columbine happened. That hit me really close to home, because that's the kind of kid I was in high school. Wearing the black trench coat and getting picked on by other kids and feeling like an outsider. That's who my friends were. What article did you write for the Columbine issue? “Columbine Jocks Safely Resume Bullying.” It was an article about how everything was supposedly great again in Columbine. You know, “We've got metal detectors and it's all safe and we can just go back to everything the way it was before.” Again, it was very sad. I was really afraid of how readers would react.


pages: 375 words: 106,536

Lost at Sea by Jon Ronson

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Columbine, computer age, credit crunch, Douglas Hofstadter, Downton Abbey, East Village, Etonian, false memory syndrome, Gödel, Escher, Bach, income inequality, Internet Archive, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, late fees, Louis Pasteur, obamacare, Peter Thiel, Saturday Night Live, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, Skype, telemarketer

And she has help. Each week in November and December, a box of Santa letters is sent over to the nearby middle school, where the town’s eleven- and twelve-year-olds—the sixth graders—write back in the guise of elves. It is part of the curriculum. Six of last year’s middle school elves, now aged thirteen, were arrested back in April for being in the final stages of plotting a mass murder, a Columbine-style school shooting. The information is sketchy, but apparently they had elaborate diagrams and code names and lists of the kids they were going to kill. I’ve come to North Pole to investigate the plot. What turned those elves bad? Were they serious? Was the town just too Christmassy? I need to tread carefully. So far I’ve tried to ask only one person about it—James, the waiter in Pizza Hut—and it went down badly.

“North Pole is the greatest place I’ve ever been,” James told me as he poured my coffee. “The people here are always ready to do! We stay on track and we move on forward! We don’t let anything get us down. That’s the spirit of North Pole and the spirit of Christmas. People here are willing to put their best foot forward and be the best kind of people they can be.” “I heard about the thing with the kids over at the middle school plotting a Columbine-style massacre,” I said. At this, James let out a noise the likes of which I’ve never really heard before. It was an “Aaaaaah.” He sounded like a balloon being burst by me, with all the joy escaping from him like air. “That was a, uh, shock. . . .” said James. “You have to wonder why. . . .” I said. “This is a very happy, cheerful, cheery place,” said James. “Anything more you need?”

“Do you ever get an overdose of Christmas, living here?” I ask him. “Pretty much all summer,” he says. “What do you do to redress the balance?” I ask. “I come here and shoot people all day,” he shrugs. “Doug,” I say as we leave the computer shop, “do you think that if the town had been more Christmassy back in April, those kids at the middle school wouldn’t have wanted to plot their Columbine-style massacre?” “Let’s just say that if the spirit of Christmas were permeating the entire soul of this community, no child would be feeling that despondent,” Doug replies. “What is the spirit of Christmas? Isn’t it peace on earth? Good will to men?” • • • WEDNESDAY LUNCHTIME. I call Jessie Desmond, my North Pole Myspace friend who hates Christmas. “I’m going to the middle school to watch the sixth graders open their first-ever batch of Santa letters,” I say.


pages: 236 words: 62,158

Marx at the Arcade: Consoles, Controllers, and Class Struggle by Jamie Woodcock

4chan, Alexey Pajitnov wrote Tetris, anti-work, augmented reality, barriers to entry, battle of ideas, Boris Johnson, Build a better mousetrap, butterfly effect, call centre, collective bargaining, Columbine, conceptual framework, cuban missile crisis, David Graeber, deindustrialization, deskilling, Donald Trump, game design, gig economy, glass ceiling, global supply chain, global value chain, Hacker Ethic, Howard Zinn, John Conway, Kickstarter, Landlord’s Game, late capitalism, Marshall McLuhan, means of production, Minecraft, mutually assured destruction, Naomi Klein, Oculus Rift, pink-collar, sexual politics, Silicon Valley, union organizing, unpaid internship, V2 rocket

Of the game that emerged, a reviewer wrote, “Not just a shoot ’em up, it offers miniature history lessons while you play, offering background on everything from the OSS to the Gestapo to V2 rockets while nostalgic art and video clips convey a sense of the period.” As such, the “original Medal of Honor remains arguably the most educational FPS ever made.”12 However, in a sign of the future controversies over videogame violence, following the Columbine massacre the game also went through last-minute changes, in which all blood and gore was removed.13 Continuing the Second World War theme, the Battlefield series started with Battlefield 1942 in 2002. It took the FPS genre in a more team-focused direction, providing larger multiplayer battles in which two teams fight over control points. This encouraged players on a team to coordinate and work together, trying to hold more control points than the other team, and in doing so competing to reduce the number of “tickets” of the opposing team to zero.

., 115 Blizzard, 28 Bogost, Ian, 51, 152 Bond, James, 115 Borderlands, 30 Brazil, 98 Brecht, Bertolt, 142–43 Breitbart News, 154–55 Brentano’s Bookstore, 139 Brexit, 145 British Army, 54, 57 British Petroleum, 25 Broderick, Matthew, 19–20 Bungie, 47 Burgeson, John, 20 C Caillois, Roger, 16–17, 125, 139, 151 California, 39 Call of Duty, 30, 55, 58, 117, 123 Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare, 118 Call of Duty: Black Ops, 119 Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2, 118 Call of Duty: WWII, 39 Cambridge, 19 Campbell, Colin, 131 Canada, 98 Capital (Marx), 8, 53, 67–69, 74 Carbo-Mascarell, Rosa, 145 Carleton College, 22 Castells, Manuel, 75 Chapman, Adam, 118 China, 35, 37–39, 46–47, 53, 73, 140, 155 Chomp, 23 CIA, 119 Civilization, 2, 31, 129–33 CivilizationEDU, 132 Civilization VI, 131 Clancy, Tom, 120 Clash of Clans, 32 Class Struggle, 139, 145 Cleaver, Harry, 67 Cold War, 20, 28, 119 Columbine, 116 Commander Keen, 1 Communism, 131 Condition of the Working Class in England, 67 Congo, 140 Conservative Party, 40, 42, 145 Conviction, 121 Cook, Mike, 137 Corbyn, Jeremy, 145 Corbyn Run, 145 Counter-Strike, 2, 31, 39, 52, 70, 122, 150, 154, 156–57 Counter-Strike: Global Offensive, 39, 122 Crash Bandicoot, 152 Creative Skillset, 87 Croft, Lara, 29, 152 CrossFire, 32, 38 Crusades, 4 Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly, 114 Cuban Missile Crisis, 20 D DARPA.


pages: 542 words: 161,731

Alone Together by Sherry Turkle

Albert Einstein, Columbine, global village, Hacker Ethic, helicopter parent, Howard Rheingold, industrial robot, information retrieval, Jacques de Vaucanson, Jaron Lanier, Joan Didion, John Markoff, Kevin Kelly, lifelogging, Loebner Prize, Marshall McLuhan, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Nicholas Carr, Norbert Wiener, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Rodney Brooks, Skype, social intelligence, stem cell, technoutopianism, The Great Good Place, the medium is the message, theory of mind, Turing test, Vannevar Bush, Wall-E, women in the workforce, Year of Magical Thinking

Or if someone came in and had a knife, I’d text my friends.” For all of these imagined possibilities, the phone is comfort. Branscomb High School has metal detectors at its entrance. Uniformed security guards patrol the halls. There have been flare-ups; students have gotten into fights. As she and I speak, Julia’s thoughts turn to Columbine and Virginia Tech: “I’m reading a book right now about a school.... It’s about two kids who brought a gun to a dance and keep everyone hostage, and then killed themselves. And it’s a lot like Columbine.... We had an assembly about Columbine just recently.... At a time like that, I’d need my cell phone.” We read much about “helicopter parents.”5 They hail from a generation that does not want to repeat the mistakes of its parents (permitting too much independence too soon) and so hover over their children’s lives.

.: Artificial Intelligence (film) AIBO aggression toward categorizing gives way to everyday routines care by, fantasies of creature and machine, views of it as caring for companion, role as “feelings” attributed to “growing up,” appearance of playing with projection and teaching it, experience of Alcott, Louisa May Aldiss, Brian “Alive enough,” as milestone for digital creatures Aliveness, children’s theories of Alterity, robots and Alzheimer’s disease, and robotic companions America Online Anger, as way of relating to robots Anthropomorphism, robots and Anxiety, online life, as provoking “of always,” privacy and Apologies confessions and online Appiah, Kwame Anthony Apple Artificial intelligence (AI) limits in understanding Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (MIT) Artificial life Aryananda, Lijin Asperger’s syndrome, robots and Attention, children’s desire for continual partial Authenticity, robotic companionship and illusion of, in social network profiles online life and Autism, robots and “Avatar of me,” Facebook profile as Avatars building relationships among Babysitters consideration of robots as Baird, Freedom Beatles: Rock Band Behaviorism, of robotic moment Bell, Gordon Bentham, Jeremy Bio Bugs (toy), robots and BIT (Baby IT) BlackBerry and sense of control excluding others and turning off Blade Runner (film) Blogs and the loss of the particular Bohr, Niels Boundaries, sense of personal, technology and Breakups face-to-face online Breazeal, Cynthia Brooks, Rodney Buber, Martin Bullying, online Bush, Vannevar Caper, Robert Caretakers, ideas about robots as Caring for a robot performance of substitutes for “Caring machines,” development of Cell phones (smartphones) and autonomy, development of people as “pausable” and avoiding calls and demands of documenting life using sense of emergency and identity (as collaborative) and photographs and private time on, desire for safety (feeling of), and turning off Chat logs “Chat people,” Chat rooms Chatroulette, playing Chess, computers and Churchill, Winston Civilization (game) Coach, robot as Cog seeking “affection” from building demystifying of meeting relationships, range of, with talking to teaching Cold comforts, robots as source of Collaborative self Collection, recollection and Columbine Communication (digital) in abbreviations (emoticons) versus connection choice among genres and nostalgia for letters volume and velocity of and simplification of responses from substitution to preference for hiding as affordance of and “discontents,” Community confessional sites and seeking Companionship, confusions in digital culture Complicity, with robot Computer psychotherapy, attitudes toward Computers as evocative object holding power of as mechanical and spiritual (soul in the) subjective versus instrumental as caring machines and cyborg self Connectivity and global consciousness and new symptoms of connection/disconnection Confessional sites, online apologies and communities, contrast to critical comments about and discussion of abuse reading, experience of as symptoms and venting cruelty of strangers and Connections on backchannels during meetings communication versus constant disconnection and online power of stepping back from, desire to seductions of Connectivity anxiety worries of parents culture discontents of global reach of robots merged with Conversations beginning/ending face-to-face online private robots and text messages as Crocodiles, real and robotic Csíkszentmihalyi, Mihaly Cubism, as metaphor for simultaneous vision of robot as machine and creature Communications culture, digital characteristics of cyborg sensibility and “dumbing down,” (emotional) in “networked” sensibility, characteristics of Walden images in sacred spaces and Damasio, Antonio Darwin, Charles “Darwinian Buttons,” eye contact track motion gesture in encounter with Cog De Vaucanson, Jacques Dean, Howard Death, simulation and Deep Thought (computer program) Democracy, privacy and Dertouzos, Michael Dick, Philip K.


pages: 677 words: 121,255

Giving the Devil His Due: Reflections of a Scientific Humanist by Michael Shermer

Alfred Russel Wallace, anthropic principle, anti-communist, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, Boycotts of Israel, Chelsea Manning, clean water, clockwork universe, cognitive dissonance, Colonization of Mars, Columbine, cosmological constant, cosmological principle, creative destruction, dark matter, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Flynn Effect, germ theory of disease, gun show loophole, Hans Rosling, hedonic treadmill, helicopter parent, hindsight bias, illegal immigration, income inequality, invisible hand, Johannes Kepler, Joseph Schumpeter, laissez-faire capitalism, Laplace demon, luminiferous ether, McMansion, means of production, mega-rich, Menlo Park, moral hazard, moral panic, More Guns, Less Crime, Peter Singer: altruism, phenotype, positional goods, race to the bottom, Richard Feynman, Ronald Coase, Silicon Valley, Skype, social intelligence, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transaction costs, WikiLeaks, working poor, Yogi Berra

Restoring the federal ban on assault weapons will not stop Sandy Hook Events because “The overwhelming majority of mass murderers use firearms that would not be restricted by an assault-weapons ban. In fact, semiautomatic handguns are far more prevalent in mass shootings.” Mass murders are unlikely to be deterred by increasing security in public places because “Most security measures will serve only as a minor inconvenience for those who are dead set on mass murder,” as in the case of Columbine, whose armed guard was unable to stop Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold. Is There Nothing We Can Do? If we cannot predict or prevent Sandy Hook Events, what can we do? I suggest three evidence-based actions we can take right now that could save lives. 1. Run, Hide, or Fight. There is an excellent video on self-defense on YouTube called “Run. Hide. Fight. Surviving an Active Shooter Event.”27 It is for people in offices, schools, or any public facility in which gunfire is heard.

That fact isn’t going to change any time soon, so our goal should be to attenuate gun violence, not eliminate it. What can we do? Of the many proposals on the table for discussion, there is one that can be implemented today by the media: Don’t name or show the mass murderers. A September 2017 article in American Behavioral Scientist by Adam Lankford and Eric Madfis reported that as many as twenty-four mass murderers admitted that they went on their killing rampage in order to gain fame. The 1999 Columbine shooters, for example, fantasized about movies that would be made about them, which happened. The 2007 Virginia Tech assassin made a martyrdom video and sent it to NBC News, which aired clips from it. The 2011 Tucson murderer proclaimed online “I’ll see you on National T.V.!” and sure enough, there he was. The 2012 Sandy Hook school shooter wrote about “my catalog of mass murderers” that he wanted to best on his killing spree, which he did.

., 150–152 Coddington, Jonathan, 59 cognitive biases, 23–24 cognitive dissonance, 95–96 Colavito, Jason, 321 collective action problem, 198–201 college faculty political bias among, 75–76 college students consequences of left-leaning teaching bias, 75–76 drive to censor controversial subjects, 64–78 Free Speech Movement of the late 1960s, 64–65 Generation Z and how they handle challenges, 64–65 microaggressions, 68–70 provision of safe spaces for, 67–68 trigger warnings, 66–67 views on freedom of speech, 64–78 colleges avoidance of controversial or sensitive subjects, 25 causes of current campus unrest, 71–76 disinvitation of controversial speakers, 25 lack of viewpoint diversity, 75–76 speaker disinvitations, 70–71 ways to increase viewpoint diversity, 76–78 Collins, Francis, 60 Collins, Jim, 263–264 Columbine murders, 169 Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CSICOP), 271 communication microaggressions, 68–70 competitive victimhood, 132 Conan Doyle, Arthur, 280, 283 confirmation bias, 24, 316–318 conjecture and refutation, 8, 23 conscription as slavery, 1–2 conservatism, 134–136 conservatives Just World Theory, 255 Strict Father metaphor for the nation as a family, 193–197 consistency bias, 24 conspiracy theories Intelligent Design advocates, 55–63 contingency influence on how lives turn out, 258–264 Copernican principle, 120 Core Theory of forces and particles, 118 correspondence theory of truth, 305, 306 Cosmides, Leda, 238 Costly Signaling Theory, 208 Coulter, Ann, 13 Cowan, David, 263 Craig, William Lane, 104, 108–109 Craig’s Categorical Error, 109 Creation Science, 50 creationism freedom of speech issue, 44–54 level of support in America, 46 question of equal coverage in science teaching, 50–54 variety of creationist theories, 50–52 view of Richard Dawkins, 293–294 why people do not support evolution, 47–50 Cremo, Michael, 316 Crichton, Michael, 123 Cruise, Tom, 100 cry bullies, 77 cults Scientology as a cult, 96–98 culture of honor, 73 culture of victimhood, 73 Darley, John, 317 Darrow, Clarence, 52–53 Darwin, Charles, 280connection with Adam Smith, 203–205 development of the theory of evolution, 44–46 impact of the Darwinian revolution, 44–47 on science and religion, 90 On the Origin of Species, 104–105 problem of the peacock’s tail, 200 skepticism, 270, 287–288 Darwin Awards, 207 Darwin economy, 199–201 Darwinian literary studies, 306 Darwinian universes, 122 Darwinism misinterpretation for ideological reasons, 60–61 neo-Darwinism, 62 scientific questioning, 61–63 Dawkins, Richard, 55, 61, 87, 89, 104at the Humanity 3000 event (2001), 289–291 influence of, 287–289 on creationism, 293–294 on pseudoscience, 292–294 on religion, 287–289, 293–295 scientific skepticism, 291–295 sense of spirituality, 295–296 Day-Age Creationists, 51 de Tocqueville, Alexis, 139 Debs, Eugene V., 2 Declaration of Independence, 27, 72 Defant, Marc, 314 Del Ray, Lester, 95 delegative democracy, 149 Dembski, William, 49, 55, 63, 280 democracy delegative democracy, 149 direct democracy, 149–150, 153 freedom of speech and, 26 impact of cyber-technology, 153 representational democracy, 149 Dennett, Daniel, 87, 287 Denying History (Shermer and Grobman), 38, 42, 78 Descartes, René, 230 Deutsch, David, 287 devil what he is due, 8–9 who he is, 8–9 Diamond, Jared, 147–148, 208–209, 228, 314, 321, 322 Diderot, Denis, 270 direct democracy, 149–150, 153 Dirmeyer, Jennifer, 215 District of Columbia v.


pages: 317 words: 79,633

Buzz: The Nature and Necessity of Bees by Thor Hanson

airport security, Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, British Empire, Columbine, Honoré de Balzac, if you build it, they will come, Nelson Mandela, new economy, out of africa, wikimedia commons

PHOTOS BY ORCHI, ESCULAPIO, AND BERND HAYNOLD VIA WIKIMEDIA COMMONS. For their part, bees don’t exactly pollinate flowers out of generosity or some sense of botanical affection. They simply want nectar, pollen, or whatever other enticements are on offer, and will take them in the most efficient manner possible. Short-tongued bumblebees, for example, don’t hesitate to chew through the base of a columbine spur or honeysuckle blossom, cutting a direct path to nectar that completely bypasses the flower’s carefully crafted pollination scheme. (And once that hole is made, all sorts of other bees and insects quickly learn to use it.) Honeybees accomplish the same thing on mustards, not by chewing holes, but by sneaking up on the blossoms from behind and poking their tongues in through gaps between the petals.

One thing is certain—the scents alone don’t attract females, since females never visit the flowers. 23 “… I cannot conjecture”: Darwin 1877, 56. 24 begets new species: For one of many fascinating studies of this process in Ophrys, see Breitkopf et al. 2015. 25 tongue length and the depth of flower spurs: The trend toward longer tongue length ranks among the strongest evolutionary signals in bees and presumably resulted from a continuing need to reach inside deepening flower spurs. For plants, developing spurs attracts a narrower, more dedicated group of pollinators and apparently leads to diversification. Spurred lineages like monkshood (Aconitum spp.) and columbine (Delphinium spp.), for example, both contain dozens of species, while a close relation, love-in-the-mist (Nigella spp.), lacks spurs and includes only a handful of species. 26 corresponding risks of dependence: Many plants in specialized pollinator relationships hedge against the downside by retaining some level of self-fertility, the ability to produce seed from their own pollen. In fact, this failsafe may contribute to the relative evolutionary ease with which many flowers appear to be able to experiment with new scents, colors, and other pollination traits.


pages: 389 words: 81,596

Quit Like a Millionaire: No Gimmicks, Luck, or Trust Fund Required by Kristy Shen, Bryce Leung

"side hustle", Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, asset allocation, barriers to entry, buy low sell high, call centre, car-free, Columbine, cuban missile crisis, Deng Xiaoping, Elon Musk, fear of failure, financial independence, fixed income, follow your passion, hedonic treadmill, income inequality, index fund, longitudinal study, low cost airline, Mark Zuckerberg, mortgage debt, obamacare, offshore financial centre, passive income, Ponzi scheme, risk tolerance, risk/return, Silicon Valley, single-payer health, Snapchat, Steve Jobs, supply-chain management, the rule of 72, working poor, Y2K, Zipcar

The final exam, which had seemed so pivotal just minutes before, was forgotten. Pencils rolled onto the floor and exam papers fluttered in the air. You know how when there’s bad turbulence, everyone turns to look at the flight attendant? Well, our teacher looked even paler than the walls of the classroom. That’s how I knew this wasn’t a drill. A kid at my high school had been spotted with a gun. It was June 2000, just one year after the Columbine shootings, so the police—understandably—took it seriously. It took thirty minutes, which felt like forever, to search everyone, classroom by classroom, until our principal announced over the intercom that the SWAT team had cleared the building. With shaky legs, we filed out and assembled at a designated area on the football field. I called my dad to tell him what had happened and ask for a ride home.

See kids China/Chinese becoming wealthy, 259 middle class, 70, 78–79, 113 poverty, 3–4, 6–7, 8, 10, 13–14, 15, 17, 20, 22–24, 26, 34–35, 36–37, 46–47, 49 ChooseFi (Facebook group), 251 clay (Guan Yin), eating, 6–7 closet map, 18–20, 19, 70 closing the loop, 213–17, 214, 216 Coates, Dan, 63 Coca-Cola, 10–11, 20, 57, 67, 90, 96, 97, 107, 156, 157, 183 cocaine, 65 Colby’s story, 201, 259 Collins, JL, vii–x, 93, 94, 251, 273 Colorado, 82, 234, 235, 246 Columbine shootings, 21 commissions, 91, 98, 109 common stock vs. preferred shares, 180 Communists, viii, 6, 22, 34, 107, 111, 121 community, loss of, the fear it generates, 248, 249–51 compound interest, 35–36, 45 computer engineering, 15, 16, 27, 28, 28, 29, 47, 48, 156, 160, 164, 186, 253, 273 constraints, importance of, 11–12 consumer debt, 37–39, 44 contribution-matching program, 125, 130 contributions, 124, 124, 130–33, 130–34 control theory, 213–14, 214 corporate bonds, 182–83, 183, 185, 187 cost of living increases, 220–21 CRAP (creativity, resilience, adaptability, perseverance), 12–16, 20 creative writing, 27–28, 28, 29 creativity, 13–14 credit card international medical insurance, 198 credit cards, 34–35, 36, 38, 45, 196–97, 202 Cultural Revolution, 22, 23 Current-Year Spending Bucket, 204, 205, 206, 206–7, 210, 212, 217 deadline, writing a paper under a, 11 debt, avoiding at all costs, 34–45, 78–79, 197 debt, using to reduce risk (Investors), 271 deductible contributions, 123, 124, 124, 125, 126, 126–27, 127–29, 130–33, 130–34, 135 defaulting on debt, 38, 39, 41 Deng Xiaoping, 23 designing a portfolio, 104–5, 104–10, 107–8, 110, 120 diabetes and rich people, 17 digging, medical waste, 3–4, 9, 111, 157, 189 diminishing happiness effect, 64–65 discount stores, taking advantage of, 235 dividends, 123, 124, 137, 137, 178, 183–84, 184–86, 187.


pages: 1,351 words: 385,579

The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined by Steven Pinker

1960s counterculture, affirmative action, Alan Turing: On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem, Albert Einstein, availability heuristic, Berlin Wall, Bonfire of the Vanities, British Empire, Broken windows theory, business cycle, California gold rush, Cass Sunstein, citation needed, clean water, cognitive dissonance, colonial rule, Columbine, computer age, conceptual framework, correlation coefficient, correlation does not imply causation, crack epidemic, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, David Brooks, delayed gratification, demographic transition, desegregation, Doomsday Clock, Douglas Hofstadter, Edward Glaeser, en.wikipedia.org, European colonialism, experimental subject, facts on the ground, failed state, first-past-the-post, Flynn Effect, food miles, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, fudge factor, full employment, George Santayana, ghettoisation, Gini coefficient, global village, Henri Poincaré, Hobbesian trap, humanitarian revolution, impulse control, income inequality, informal economy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invention of the printing press, Isaac Newton, lake wobegon effect, libertarian paternalism, long peace, longitudinal study, loss aversion, Marshall McLuhan, mass incarceration, McMansion, means of production, mental accounting, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Mikhail Gorbachev, moral panic, mutually assured destruction, Nelson Mandela, open economy, Peace of Westphalia, Peter Singer: altruism, QWERTY keyboard, race to the bottom, Ralph Waldo Emerson, random walk, Republic of Letters, Richard Thaler, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, security theater, Skype, Slavoj Žižek, South China Sea, Stanford marshmallow experiment, Stanford prison experiment, statistical model, stem cell, Steven Levy, Steven Pinker, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, theory of mind, transatlantic slave trade, Turing machine, twin studies, ultimatum game, uranium enrichment, Vilfredo Pareto, Walter Mischel, WikiLeaks, women in the workforce, zero-sum game

The nearly 3,000 deaths from the 9/11 attacks were literally off the chart—way down in the tail of the power-law distribution into which terrorist attacks fall.181 According to the Global Terrorism Database of the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (the major publicly available dataset on terrorist attacks), between 1970 and 2007 only one other terrorist attack in the entire world has killed as many as 500 people.182 In the United States, Timothy McVeigh’s bombing of a federal office building in Oklahoma City in 1995 killed 165, a shooting spree by two teenagers at Columbine High School in 1999 killed 17, and no other attack has killed as many as a dozen. Other than 9/11, the number of people killed by terrorists on American soil during these thirty-eight years was 340, and the number killed after 9/11—the date that inaugurated the so-called Age of Terror—was 11. While some additional plots were foiled by the Department of Homeland Security, many of their claims have turned out to be the proverbial elephant repellent, with every elephant-free day serving as proof of its effectiveness.183 Compare the American death toll, with or without 9/11, to other preventable causes of death.

Though we can’t interpret every zig or zag in the graphs at face value, because some may represent seams and overlaps between databases with different coding criteria, we can try to get a general sense of whether terrorism really has increased in the so-called Age of Terror.199 The safest records are those for terrorist attacks on American soil, if for no other reason than that there are so few of them that each can be scrutinized. Figure 6–9 shows all of them since 1970, plotted on a logarithmic scale because otherwise the line would be a towering spike for 9/11 poking through a barely wrinkled carpet. With the lower altitudes stretched out by the logarithmic scale, we can discern peaks for Oklahoma City in 1995 and Columbine in 1999 (which is a dubious example of “terrorism,” but with a single exception, noted below, I never second-guess the datasets when plotting the graphs). Apart from this trio of spikes, the trend since 1970 is, if anything, more downward than upward. FIGURE 6–9. Rate of deaths from terrorism, United States, 1970–2007 Source: Global Terrorism Database, START (National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism, 2010, http://www.start.umd.edu/gtd/), accessed on April 6, 2010.

The victims, for their part, had nowhere to turn, because complaining to a teacher or parent would brand them as snitches and pantywaists and make their lives more hellish than ever. But in another of those historical gestalt shifts in which a category of violence flips from inevitable to intolerable, bullying has been targeted for elimination. The movement emerged from the ball of confusion surrounding the 1999 Columbine High School massacre, as the media amplified one another’s rumors about the causes—Goth culture, jocks, antidepressants, video games, Internet use, violent movies, the rock singer Marilyn Manson—and one of them was bullying. As it turned out, the two assassins were not, as the media endlessly repeated, Goths who had been picked on by jocks.193 But a popular understanding took hold that the massacre was an act of revenge, and childhood professionals parlayed the urban legend into a campaign against bullying.


pages: 350 words: 96,803

Our Posthuman Future: Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution by Francis Fukuyama

Albert Einstein, Asilomar, assortative mating, Berlin Wall, bioinformatics, Columbine, demographic transition, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Flynn Effect, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, impulse control, life extension, Menlo Park, meta analysis, meta-analysis, out of africa, Peter Singer: altruism, phenotype, presumed consent, Ray Kurzweil, Scientific racism, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), sexual politics, stem cell, Steven Pinker, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, Turing test, twin studies

But what we notice in the first instance is that random violence against other members of the community is prohibited in every known human cultural group: while murder is universal, so are laws and/or social norms that seek to prohibit murder. This is no less true among man’s primate cousins: a troop of chimpanzees will occasionally experience violent aggression from a younger male that, like the Columbine High School shooters, is lonely, peripheral, or seeking to make a point.29 But the older members of the community will always take measures to control and neutralize that individual because community order cannot tolerate such violence. Primate violence, including human violence, is legitimated primarily at higher social levels—that is, on the part of in-groups that compete with out-groups. Warriors are treated with respect and honor in a way that school shooters are not.

Planned Parenthood Castro, Fidel Catholic Church Cavalli-Sforza, Luigi Luca Celera Genomics cell division cells, ageing of germ cells CHADD (Children and Adults with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) characteristics, continuum of Chernobyl children drugging of interests of, safeguarded by parents parents’ desire to maximize the happiness of rights of, limitations on chimeras, creation of chimpanzees genome of, overlap with human genome China Chomsky, Noam Christianity chromosomes, artificial Ciba Seeds class war, biotechnology and Clinton administration cloning of animals biological harm of harm to cloned child legality of moral objections to reproductive, proposed ban on research therapeutic cocaine Codex Alimentarius Commission cognition innate forms of species-typical forms of Colapinto, John Cold War Collins, Francis color, perception of Columbine High School shooters communism failure of communitarian life plans compassion, the word competitiveness and cooperativeness, co-evolution of complex adaptive systems predicting the behavior of computers, consciousness in, possibility of Confucianism consciousness as source of human dignity conservatives. See Right, the “Controllers” Convention on Biological Diversity (Rio Treaty) Convention on Human Rights and Dignity with Regard to Biomedicine cooperativeness Coordinated Framework for Regulation of Biotechnology cosmetic pharmacology Costa Rica cost-benefit analysis cotton gin Council of Europe courts, U.S., regulation by creationism Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease crime and genetics life course theory of as socially constructed category as utilitarian choice crimes against humanity criminals, rights of, limited by society cross-cultural anthropology Cuba, socialist revolutions in cultural anthropology cultural learning cultural relativism Cultural Revolution (China) cultural universals culture of animals human cystic fibrosis Daly, Martin Damasio, Antonio Danish Twin Register Darwin, Charles Darwinism dead bodies, proposed uses for death, as preventable Declaration of Independence Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen Decree by the Council of Europe on Human Cloning defense spending democracies (capitalist, liberal) laws of rights as basis of worldwide success of democracies (generally) failure to abolish social hierarchies history of legitimacy of decisions of tyranny of the majority in demographics of age distribution and international relations Denmark Dennett, Daniel deontological theories of right deregulation movement Descartes, René “designer babies” fads possible in developed world, feminization of developing countries, age demographics of de Waal, Frans diabetes Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) Diamond, Jared diet American low-calorie Diller, Lawrence Dingell, John diseases, disorders, pathologies of ageing genetically linked single-gene as social construct distribution curves, bell shaped DNA damage to human DNA chip (Affymetrix) doctors, relying on advice from Dolly the sheep dominance hierarchies dopamine systems Douglas, William O.


pages: 329 words: 102,469

Free World: America, Europe, and the Surprising Future of the West by Timothy Garton Ash

Albert Einstein, battle of ideas, Berlin Wall, BRICs, British Empire, call centre, centre right, clean water, Columbine, continuation of politics by other means, cuban missile crisis, demographic transition, Deng Xiaoping, Doha Development Round, Eratosthenes, European colonialism, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, illegal immigration, income inequality, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), James Watt: steam engine, Kickstarter, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, Peace of Westphalia, postnationalism / post nation state, Project for a New American Century, purchasing power parity, reserve currency, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Thomas Malthus, trade liberalization, Washington Consensus, working poor, working-age population, World Values Survey

The profusion of guns is a real difference between America and Europe—except for parts of Europe’s “Wild East,” in the Balkans and today’s eastern Europe (Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova), where handguns are still freely toted. It’s tempting to extrapolate from this American domestic phenomenon to foreign policy: cowboys at home, cowboys abroad. The American satirist Michael Moore does this vividly in his film Bowling for Columbine, drawing an imaginative connection between the shootings at Columbine High School in Colorado and the Clinton administration’s bombing of Serbia. A slightly more serious version of this argument is advanced by Robert Kagan: Americans retain a readiness to use military force in a dangerous “Hobbesian” world. Except that, from the end of the Vietnam War to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, France and Britain were generally more willing to send their soldiers into dangerous action than the United States.


pages: 251 words: 44,888

The Words You Should Know to Sound Smart: 1200 Essential Words Every Sophisticated Person Should Be Able to Use by Bobbi Bly

Albert Einstein, Alistair Cooke, Anton Chekhov, British Empire, Columbine, Donald Trump, George Santayana, haute couture, Honoré de Balzac, Joan Didion, John Nash: game theory, Network effects, placebo effect, Ralph Waldo Emerson, school vouchers, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs

.” – Freeman Dyson, English-born American physicist and mathematician serendipity (ser-en-DIP-it-ee), noun Attaining success, good fortune, or the object of your desire more through luck and random circumstance than deliberate effort. What made him an Internet billionaire was SERENDIPITY more than brains or talent. serpentine (SUR-pen-teen), adjective Snake-like in shape or movement. “For it is not possible to join SERPENTINE wisdom with columbine innocency, except men know exactly all the conditions of the serpent.” – Francis Bacon, English philosopher, author, and statesman sesquipedalian (ses-kwi-pih-DAL-yin), adjective A writer or speaker who prefers big, complex words and arcane jargon to plain, simple English, or a piece of writing containing such prose. “Recently a strange whimsy has started to creep in among the SESQUIPEDALIAN prose of scientific journals.” – Stephen Hall, American architect sidereal (SIGH-der-eel), adjective Determined by outside forces, particularly the positions of the stars and planets in the evening sky.


pages: 545 words: 137,789

How Markets Fail: The Logic of Economic Calamities by John Cassidy

"Robert Solow", Albert Einstein, Andrei Shleifer, anti-communist, asset allocation, asset-backed security, availability heuristic, bank run, banking crisis, Benoit Mandelbrot, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, Black-Scholes formula, Blythe Masters, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business cycle, capital asset pricing model, centralized clearinghouse, collateralized debt obligation, Columbine, conceptual framework, Corn Laws, corporate raider, correlation coefficient, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, crony capitalism, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, debt deflation, different worldview, diversification, Elliott wave, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, financial deregulation, financial innovation, Financial Instability Hypothesis, financial intermediation, full employment, George Akerlof, global supply chain, Gunnar Myrdal, Haight Ashbury, hiring and firing, Hyman Minsky, income per capita, incomplete markets, index fund, information asymmetry, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, John Nash: game theory, John von Neumann, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Arrow, Kickstarter, laissez-faire capitalism, Landlord’s Game, liquidity trap, London Interbank Offered Rate, Long Term Capital Management, Louis Bachelier, mandelbrot fractal, margin call, market bubble, market clearing, mental accounting, Mikhail Gorbachev, money market fund, Mont Pelerin Society, moral hazard, mortgage debt, Myron Scholes, Naomi Klein, negative equity, Network effects, Nick Leeson, Northern Rock, paradox of thrift, Pareto efficiency, Paul Samuelson, Ponzi scheme, price discrimination, price stability, principal–agent problem, profit maximization, quantitative trading / quantitative finance, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, random walk, Renaissance Technologies, rent control, Richard Thaler, risk tolerance, risk-adjusted returns, road to serfdom, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, short selling, Silicon Valley, South Sea Bubble, sovereign wealth fund, statistical model, technology bubble, The Chicago School, The Great Moderation, The Market for Lemons, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, transaction costs, unorthodox policies, value at risk, Vanguard fund, Vilfredo Pareto, wealth creators, zero-sum game

“Payoffs for accuracy did not reduce the anchoring effect,” Kahneman and Tversky noted drily. Experiments suggest that once a person gets “anchored” on a certain number, or argument, he may well try to cling to it by mistakenly interpreting any evidence that is presented to him as supportive, even if it is actually contradictory. (In the literature, this is known as the “confirmation bias.”) In the aftermath of the latest Columbine-style mass shooting, supporters of gun control invariably say, “I told you so,” but so do supporters of maintaining an armed citizenry. In 1977–1978, Kahneman and Tversky spent the academic year at Stanford, where they became friends and collaborators with Richard Thaler, a young economist who had done his Ph.D. at Rochester, a bastion of mathematical orthodoxy. During his graduate training, Thaler had developed a list of anecdotes that seemed to contradict the theory he’d been taught, such as people’s reluctance to part with minor possessions—mugs, pens, those sorts of things—and their tendency to divide their expenditures into separate mental accounts (one for leisure, another for rent, and so on).

Citigroup Associated First Capital purchased by compensation of CEOs of credit default swaps of dereguation and disaster myopia of Federal Reserve and government safety net for reduction in assets of risk-management system at shadow banking system and suprime mortgage securities issued by Citron, Bob City College classical economics new Clayton Antitrust Act (1914) climate change Clinton, Bill CLSA Emerging Markets CNBC television network Coase, Ronald Coase theorem Cobden, Richard Coca-Cola Corporation Cohen, Jonathan collateralized debt obligations (CDOs) collateralized mortgage obligations (CMOs) Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) Columbia University Earth Institute Columbine massacre Columbus, Christopher Commerce Department, U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) communism collapse of Community Reinvestment Act (1977) Comptroller of the Currency, Office of Congress, U.S. bailouts authorized by deregulation efforts in health care reform in Joint Economic Committee and savings and loan industry collapse tax legislation in Congressional Budget Office Conservative Party, British Constitution of Liberty, The (Hayek) Consumer Financial Protection Agency Consumer Product Safety Commission Contimortgage Corporation Continental Illinois Bank conventional wisdom Corcoran Group Corn Laws Corrigan, E.


pages: 457 words: 128,838

The Age of Cryptocurrency: How Bitcoin and Digital Money Are Challenging the Global Economic Order by Paul Vigna, Michael J. Casey

Airbnb, altcoin, bank run, banking crisis, bitcoin, blockchain, Bretton Woods, buy and hold, California gold rush, capital controls, carbon footprint, clean water, collaborative economy, collapse of Lehman Brothers, Columbine, Credit Default Swap, cryptocurrency, David Graeber, disintermediation, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, fiat currency, financial innovation, Firefox, Flash crash, Fractional reserve banking, hacker house, Hernando de Soto, high net worth, informal economy, intangible asset, Internet of things, inventory management, Joi Ito, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, Kuwabatake Sanjuro: assassination market, litecoin, Long Term Capital Management, Lyft, M-Pesa, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, McMansion, means of production, Menlo Park, mobile money, money: store of value / unit of account / medium of exchange, Nelson Mandela, Network effects, new economy, new new economy, Nixon shock, offshore financial centre, payday loans, Pearl River Delta, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer lending, pets.com, Ponzi scheme, prediction markets, price stability, profit motive, QR code, RAND corporation, regulatory arbitrage, rent-seeking, reserve currency, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ross Ulbricht, Satoshi Nakamoto, seigniorage, shareholder value, sharing economy, short selling, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, smart contracts, special drawing rights, Spread Networks laid a new fibre optics cable between New York and Chicago, Steve Jobs, supply-chain management, Ted Nelson, The Great Moderation, the market place, the payments system, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, transaction costs, tulip mania, Turing complete, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, underbanked, WikiLeaks, Y Combinator, Y2K, zero-sum game, Zimmermann PGP

At fifteen, Lands had made his first serious money—serious for a teenager, that is—running a large “guild” connected to the video game EverQuest and selling virtual goods for real money. He was already an entrepreneur. He just didn’t know it yet. “I didn’t know anything about business,” Lands said. “I didn’t even know anybody who had a business. My spreadsheet was a notepad.” This was the time of the Columbine shooting, and a gamer with long hair who had a predilection for wearing black soon found himself the focus of authorities at his school, who worried he might have similar inclinations as the two young killers who orchestrated that massacre. Having money in his pocket gave him the courage to simply quit school rather than deal with the harassment. He traveled around the country, got into real estate in Florida, lost everything and more in the crash, got back into gaming, started gaming-related companies, and built himself up again.

Buffett, Warren Buterin, Vitalik Butterfly Labs Jalapeño Buyer’s Best Friend Byrne, Patrick Caban, Glorivee Canada capital, mystery of Caribbean car loan payments Carroll, Lewis Cary, Nicolas Casares, Wences Cassano, Chris CBW Bank CDS contracts centralization CEX.IO Chain chartalists Chase Bank Chaum, David CheapAir.com China cipher Circle Financial Circuit House Citibank Citicorp Citigroup Clear, Michael Clearstone Venture Partners Clinton, Bill cloud mining Coca-Cola Code of Hammurabi coffee Coinbase coincidence of wants CoinDesk Coinfloor Coinist CoinLab CoinMKT coinometrics.com coins CoinsFriendly CoinTerra CoinVox Colas, Nicolas Collins, Reeve Colored Coins Columbine shooting commodities communication technologies community, and currency bitcoin Concern Worldwide Conditional Access for Europe (CAFE) Congress contracts smart ConvergEx corruption Corzine, John Counterparty Cowen, Tyler Craig, Austin and Beccy Craigslist Creandum creation myths credit bad credit and debit cards American Express fraud and MasterCard Visa Credit Suisse First Boston Crook, Colin Cross River Bank Crowd Companies crowdfunding “Crypto-Anarchist Manifesto” (May) cryptocurrencies: future of labeling of ledger and mainstreaming of mining of regulation of roots of trust and value of see also bitcoin cryptographers Cypherpunks political differences among cryptography systems Cryptsy CubeSpawn Cummings, E.


Yosemite, Sequoia & Kings Canyon by Fodor's

Columbine, Stanford marshmallow experiment, Works Progress Administration

. | Grant Grove Village 93633 | 559/335–5500 | AE, D, MC, V. Picnic Areas Big Stump. At the edge of a logged sequoia grove, some trees still stand at this site. Near the park’s entrance, the area is paved and next to the road. It’s the only picnic area in either park that is plowed in the wintertime. Restrooms, grills, and drinking water are available, and the area is entirely accessible. | Just inside Rte. 180, Big Stump entrance 93633. Columbine. This shaded picnic area near the sequoias is relatively level. Tables, restrooms, drinking water, and grills are available. | Grant Tree Rd., just off Generals Hwy. (Rte. 198), ½ mi northwest of Grant Grove Visitor Center 93633. Grizzly Falls. This little gem is worth a pull-over, if not a picnic. From the small parking lot, take a very short trek into the woods to picnic tables and to the base of the delightful, 100-foot-plus falls.


Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide by Henry Jenkins

barriers to entry, Cass Sunstein, citizen journalism, collective bargaining, Columbine, deskilling, Donald Trump, game design, George Gilder, global village, Howard Rheingold, informal economy, means of production, moral panic, new economy, profit motive, Robert Metcalfe, Saturday Night Live, slashdot, Steven Pinker, the market place, Y Combinator

., 219 Cloudmakers, 123,125,127, 232 C N N , 1-3,124,140,192, 225 Coca-Cola Company, 60, 68-69, 70, 73, 87-88, 91, 92, 207 co-creation, 105-107 code, 163 Cohen, Ben, 206 cokemusic.com, 72 Cold Mountain, 200 Cole, Jeanne, 150 collaborationism, 134,167, 169-170, 187 collaborative authorship, 96,108¬ 113 Collective Detective, 233 collective intelligence, 2, 4, 20, 22, 26-27, 29, 50, 52-54, 63, 95,100, 127, 129,170,184, 208, 226, 235, 245-247, 254 Colson, Charles, 201-202 Columbine, 192 C o m e d y Central, 224-225 comics, 14, 96,101-102,108-109, 111, 132,164, 249-250 commercial culture, 135 commodity, 27 commodity exploitation, 62-63 communal media, 245 Comparative M e d i a Studies program, 12, 68, 80, 85,151 complexity, 33, 94-95, 259 Concepción, Bienvenido, 143 Concrete, 101, 111 consensus, 86 consensus culture, 236 convergence, 2-8,10-12, 14-24, 26, 59, 64, 68, 83, 95,104,114,170, 208, 212, 220, 242 convergence, corporate, 18,109-110, 157, 259 convergence culture, 15, 21, 23,132, 137,176-177, 204, 212, 242, 247, 259-260, 248, 257 convergence, grassroots, 18, 57, 109-110, 136-137, 157, 215, 259 Coombe, Rosemary J., 189 Coors Brewing Company, 69 Cops, 132 copyright, 137-138,154,167,189-190, 248 Corliss, Richard, 127 "cosplay," 113-114 Counterstrike, 163 Cowboy Bebop, 101 Creative Artists Agency, 60, 67 Crest toothpaste, 70 critical pessimism, 247-248 critical utopianism, 247-248 Crossfire, 225 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, 109, 112-113 cult films, 97-98 cultural activator, 95 cultural attractor, 95 culture.

., 142 Zsenya, 178 Skenováno pro studijní úcely 307 About the Author The founder and director of MIT's Comparative M e d i a Studies Program, H e n r y Jenkins is the author or editor of ten books on various aspects of media and popular culture, including Textual Poachers: Television Fans and Participatory Culture, From Barbie to Mortal Kombat: Gender and Computer Games, The Children's Culture Reader, and Hop on Pop: The Politics and Pleasures of Popular Culture. H i s career so far has included testifying before the U.S. Senate Commerce Committee hearing into Marketing Violence for Youth following the Columbine shootings, promoting media literacy education before the Federal Communications Commission, speaking to the Governor's Board of the World Economic F o r u m about intellectual property and grassroots creativity, heading the Education Arcade w h i c h promotes the educational uses of computer and video games, writing monthly columns for Technology Review and Computer Games magazines, and consulting w i t h leading media companies about consumer relations.


How to Be Black by Baratunde Thurston

affirmative action, carbon footprint, Columbine, dark matter, desegregation, drone strike, housing crisis, phenotype, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Rosa Parks, shareholder value, supply-chain management, the scientific method, transatlantic slave trade

Beware of the white man; I’m not saying to be scared of him or to cut off communication, but beware, because when we realize that we should not be fighting each other, the tide will turn. I was thirteen years old when I wrote that and handed it in to my English teacher. If a middle school student turned in such a document today, he would immediately be sent to a counselor or detention facility, but this was pre-Columbine 1991. The number one song on the Billboard charts was the upbeat Someday by Mariah Carey, and the top television show was Cheers. It was a happier time. After class the next day, my teacher pulled me aside to discuss my manifesto. “You would never have written this if I weren’t black, would you?” he asked. I responded, “Absolutely not, and I trust you to keep my secret!” The White Student Union Sometimes white people just like to ask questions.


pages: 250 words: 9,029

Everything Bad Is Good for You: How Popular Culture Is Making Us Smarter by Steven Johnson

Columbine, complexity theory, corporate governance, delayed gratification, edge city, Flynn Effect, game design, Marshall McLuhan, pattern recognition, profit motive, race to the bottom, sexual politics, social intelligence, Steve Jobs, the market place

If the subj ect matter of popular entertainment truly had a significant impact on our behavior (and especially the be­ havior of the younger generations) then logically we should expect to see very different trends in real-world society. Over the last ten years-a period of unprecedented fictional vio­ lence i n the American household, thanks to Quake and Quentin Tarantino films and Tony Soprano-the country simultaneously experienced the most dramatic drop in vio­ lent crime in its history. Yes, the Columbine shooters were most likely infl uenced by playing violent games like Quake, but as tragic as that event was, we don't analyze soci a l trends b y looking at isolated single examples; we l o o k at 1 92 ST E V E N J O H N S O N broad patterns in the society, and the broad pattern of the last decade is less violence, not more. That improvement is most telling among precisely the demographic groups al­ legedly at risk for media-infl uenced violence.


pages: 239 words: 62,005

Don't Burn This Book: Thinking for Yourself in an Age of Unreason by Dave Rubin

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, battle of ideas, Bernie Sanders, Burning Man, butterfly effect, centre right, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, Donald Trump, failed state, gender pay gap, illegal immigration, immigration reform, job automation, low skilled workers, mutually assured destruction, obamacare, Peter Thiel, pre–internet, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, school choice, Silicon Valley, Steven Pinker, Tim Cook: Apple, unpaid internship, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, zero-sum game

It found that major depression has almost doubled for 21-year-olds from 2009 to 2017, while the number of 22-year-olds who attempted suicide has doubled from 2008 to 2017. This sort of information is important because the root of our gun problem isn’t the weapon itself but the human beings behind them. After all, it’s a person who pulls the trigger. If you think this isn’t relevant, it may be worth noting that one of the Columbine, Colorado, shooters, Eric Harris, had Luvox (a Prozac-like, psychotropic medicine) in his bloodstream. Likewise, Stephen Paddock, the man who slaughtered fifty-eight people in the Las Vegas shooting—the worst in modern American history—had antianxiety medication in his system and had previously been prescribed diazepam. Meanwhile, Parkland, Florida, shooter, Nikolas Cruz, had been on psychotropic drugs before he embarked on his killing spree as well.


pages: 684 words: 173,622

Going Clear: Scientology, Hollywood, and the Prison of Belief by Lawrence Wright

Albert Einstein, call centre, Columbine, Naomi Klein, Ponzi scheme, profit motive, Ronald Reagan, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, WikiLeaks, yellow journalism

Some drug makers have covered up studies that indicate an increased danger of suicidal or violent thoughts caused by psychotropic medicines. Eli Lilly, for instance, suppressed data showing that patients who were taking the popular drug Prozac—the only antidepressant certified as safe for children—were twelve times more likely to attempt suicide than patients taking similar medications. Antidepressants have been implicated in a number of schoolyard shootings, such as the 1999 Columbine High School massacre, where two students killed twelve of their classmates and a teacher. One of the killers was taking Luvox at the time. Adderall—one of the drugs cited by Cruise—is an amphetamine often prescribed for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; it sometimes causes increased aggression in children and adolescents. Ritalin, the most common drug prescribed for ADHD, is similar to cocaine in its potential for addiction.

Child Care Org, 4.1, 4.2 child labor laws Childs, Joe China, 2.1, 4.1 Chinese Communists, 4.1, 4.2 Christensen, Erika Christian Science Christman, Tory Christofferson Titchbourne, Julie Church of American Science Church of Latter Day Saints; see also Mormonism Church of Satan Church of Scientology International Church of Spiritual Engineering Church of Spiritual Technology, itr.1, 7.1 CIA, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4n, 3.5, 4.1 Cine Org Citizens Commission on Human Rights Clarke, Stanley, 5.1, 5.2 Clear Body, Clear Mind Clears, 2.1, 2.2, 3.1, 7.1, 7.2 qualities of, 1.1, 2.1 Clearwater, Fla., itr.1, 3.1, 4.1 Clearwater Sun Clinton, Bill, 7.1, 8.1 Coale, John Coast Guard, U.S. Cohen, Leonard Collateral Collective Unconscious Colletto, Diane Colletto, John Columbia New Port Richey Hospital Columbia Pictures Columbine High School Commodore’s Messengers Organization, 3.1, 3.2, 4.1, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 6.1, 8.1, 9.1 confabulation confession conscious mind Contact Assist Contagion of Aberration “contra-survival action” Conway, Peggy Cook, Debbie, 8.1, 9.1 Cooley, Earle Cooper, Gary Cooper, Paulette, 3.1, 4.1, 5.1, 7.1 Corea, Chick, 1.1, 4.1, 5.1, 5.2, 7.1, 7.2 Corfu, 3.1, 3.2 “counter-intentions” Covertly Hostile personality Cowboy Stories Crash, 8.1, 9.1, 10.1 Creedance Clearwater Revival Creston ranch, 5.1, 5.2, epl.1 “crew chief” Crowe, Russell Crowley, Aleister, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 7.1 Cruise, Connor, 7.1, 8.1 Cruise, Isabella, 7.1, 8.1 Cruise, Lee Anne Cruise, Tom, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 8.1, 8.2, 8.3, 8.4, 8.5, 9.1, 9.2, 9.3, 9.4, 9.5, 9.6, 9.7, 9.8, 10.1, 10.2, 11.1, epl.1 Cruz, Penélope, 8.1, 9.1, 9.2 Cuba “cult” Cult Awareness Network, 7.1, 7.2n, 7.3 Curaçao Cusack, John Customs, U.S.


pages: 577 words: 171,126

Light This Candle: The Life & Times of Alan Shepard--America's First Spaceman by Neal Thompson

Charles Lindbergh, Columbine, cuban missile crisis, Donald Trump, MITM: man-in-the-middle, Norman Mailer, place-making, Silicon Valley, William Langewiesche

page 162, “Guys would go there like flies”: Walt Radosevich, oral history interview with Thomas Saylor, Oral History Project of the World War II Years. page 163, “short-arm” inspection: Author interview with Jig Dog Ramage. page 163, Friends called him a . . . “liberty hound”: Author interview with Ralph Stell. page 163, “Shep never revealed . . . who he screwed”: Author interview with John Mitchell. page 164, nearly a million men subscribed to Playboy David Halberstam, The Fifties (New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1994), p. 573. page 164, wondered why she stayed with him: Author interview with Betty Whisler. page 165, still managed to reach Mach .93: Author interview with John Mitchell. page 166, Rooney . . . “a little stinker first class”: Griffin, oral history. page 167, unauthorized happy hour: Author interview with Bill Geiger. page 167, “Shake the hand that held the tit of Ava Gardner”: Ibid.

., Freedom 7: The NASA Mission Reports. Ontario: Apogee Books, 2001. Godwin, Robert, ed., Apollo 14: The NASA Mission Reports. Ontario: Apogee Books, 2001. Grissom, Betty, and Henry Still. Starfall. New York: Ty Crowell Co., 1974. Grossnick, Roy, and William J. Armstrong. United States Naval Aviation: 1910–1995. Washington, D.C.: Naval Historical Center, 1997. Halberstam, David. The Fifties. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1994. Ivins, Molly. Molly Ivins Can’t Say That, Can She? New York: Random House, 1991. Jacobus, Donald Lines, ed. The Shepard Families of New England. Vol. III. New Haven: The New Haven Colony Historical Society, 1973. Kennedy, John F. Profiles in Courage. New York: HarperCollins, 1956. Kennedy, Paul. Pacific Victory, Vol. 25. New York: Ballantine Books, 1973. Kraft, Chris. Flight: My Life in Mission Control.


Rough Guide DIRECTIONS Dublin by Geoff Wallis

Celtic Tiger, Columbine, glass ceiling, haute cuisine

Neoclassical, granite Bank of Ireland was built in 1729 by Sir Edward Pearce – himself an MP – as the House of Parliament. The Book of Kells Pre-eminent for the scale, variety and colour of its decoration, the Book of Kells probably originated at the monastery on Iona off the west coast of Scotland, which was founded around 561 by the great Irish scholar, bard and ruler St Colum Cille (St Colmcille in English). After a Viking raid in 806, the Columbines moved to the monastery of Kells in County Meath, and around 1653, the manuscript was moved to Dublin for safekeeping during the Cromwellian Wars. The 340 calfskin folios of the Book of Kells contain the four New Testament gospels along with preliminary texts, all in Latin. It’s thought that three artists created the book’s lavish decoration, which shows Pictish, Germanic and Mediterranean, as well as Celtic influences. 03 Places Dublin 61-184.indd 67 1/4/08 6:38:13 PM Trinity College, Grafton Street and around P L A C E S 68 HOUSE OF LORDS An Irish parliament had existed in one limited form or another since the thirteenth century, but achieved its greatest flowering here in 1782 – “Grattan’s Parliament” after the prime mover behind the constitutional reform – when it was granted legislative independence from the British Parliament.


pages: 196 words: 65,045

Art of Creative Nonfiction: Writing and Selling the Literature of Reality by Lee Gutkind, Purba

Columbine, Donald Trump, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, friendly fire, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, Joan Didion, Mason jar, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, Ronald Reagan

Flowering vines definitely inspire greed in me. Way out in the front of my yard, by the picket fence, is the playroom. This is where the largest f lower beds are and the place I try out new plants just for fun. This is my favorite room because this is where most of my perennials are, or at least where most of them were born before they got transplanted to other beds. Bleeding heart, red cloud spiderwort, edelweiss, columbine, bee balm, sea pink, salvia, silver mound, primrose, lavender, hosta by the ton, yarrow, lythrum, astilbe in many colors and heights-and countless others. My cat sleeps in a huge mat of coreopsis on summer's hottest days, and at night when I get home I have to comb it upward and help it stand up straight again. I'm quite bonded to that coreopsis, somehow, but then again so is my cat. I don't really have a favorite plant.


pages: 207 words: 64,598

To Show and to Tell: The Craft of Literary Nonfiction by Phillip Lopate

Charles Lindbergh, Columbine, desegregation, fear of failure, index card, Jane Jacobs, Joan Didion, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Nelson Mandela, Norman Mailer, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Republic of Letters, Ronald Reagan, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, urban planning, white flight

To his credit, he is still struggling to figure it out. The opening essay, “Small Silences,” is a superb demonstration of Hoagland at his most appealing and unfettered. He begins with lyrical recollections of his childhood move to Connecticut during World War II, and the discovery of the pond. “ ‘I’m going to the pond,’ I’d say casually to my mother; then dodge carefully past” the neighbor’s servant toward the trillium and columbine, the toadstools and fairy-ring mushrooms, the nematodes and myriapods, the blueberries or blackberries, near the opaque yet shiny stretch of hidden water, deep here, shallow there, with the wind ruffling the surface to conceal such factual matters, and cold at its inlet but warm where it fed into a creek that ran to the Silvermine River and finally the ocean. This characteristic sentence takes the reader into a forest of sensory description, replete with names of flora and fauna, listed for the sheer joy of it, and then scoots off in a surprising conclusion.


pages: 226 words: 71,540

Epic Win for Anonymous: How 4chan's Army Conquered the Web by Cole Stryker

4chan, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, Chelsea Manning, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, commoditize, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, Firefox, future of journalism, hive mind, informal economy, Internet Archive, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, Mason jar, pre–internet, Silicon Valley, slashdot, social web, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, technoutopianism, wage slave, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks

A few years ago, this sort of collaborative metahumor would have been found only on 4chan (or maybe Something Awful), but the rest of the Internet, with Reddit leading the charge, has caught up. Reddit has also reappropriated 4chan’s Ask Me Anything, or AMA threads, which have attracted some major celebrities in addition to nerd icons like moot. The all-time top verified AMA threads include those of 74-time Jeopardy! champion Ken Jennings, actor Bruce Campbell, Columbine shooting survivor Brooks Brown, and a former Marine One crew chief. Unverified AMA threads, which are often even more interesting, include a military whistleblower, a girl who spent 16 months as a full-time BDSM slave, a person who was caught and tortured during recent rioting in Egypt, a man who only answers questions using MS Paint, a brain cancer victim with 2–6 months to live, and a four-year-old girl (with help from her dad).


pages: 296 words: 76,284

The End of the Suburbs: Where the American Dream Is Moving by Leigh Gallagher

Airbnb, big-box store, Burning Man, call centre, car-free, Celebration, Florida, clean water, collaborative consumption, Columbine, commoditize, crack epidemic, East Village, edge city, Edward Glaeser, extreme commuting, helicopter parent, Home mortgage interest deduction, housing crisis, Jane Jacobs, Kickstarter, low skilled workers, Mark Zuckerberg, McMansion, Menlo Park, mortgage tax deduction, negative equity, New Urbanism, peak oil, Peter Calthorpe, Ponzi scheme, Richard Florida, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Sand Hill Road, Seaside, Florida, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Tony Hsieh, transit-oriented development, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban sprawl, Victor Gruen, walkable city, white flight, white picket fence, young professional, Zipcar

In 2012 federal prosecutors in northern Virginia: Pierre Thomas and Marisa Taylor, “Gang Members Arrested on Charges of Sex Trafficking Suburban Teens,” abcnews.go.com, March 31, 2012. After a tragic gang rape: Aliyah Shahid, “Girl, 11, Lured into Park Bathroom in Moreno Valley, Calif. and Gang Raped by 7 Teens: Cops,” New York Daily News, March 29, 2011. While overall homicides: Cameron McWhirter and Gary Fields, “Crime Migrates to Suburbs,” Wall Street Journal, December 30, 2012. Many of the nation’s highest-profile shootings have occurred in the suburbs as well, from Columbine to Aurora, Colorado, to, of course, the horrific shooting in Newtown, Connecticut, on December 14, 2012. The urban scholar Richard Florida studied data from mass shootings in recent years and found that, while the data does not cover every single episode and the geographic information is limited, the “wide majority” of such shootings, and especially mass school killings, have occurred not in urban centers of large cities but in the “small towns, burgs and villages of our suburban and rural areas.”


pages: 536 words: 79,887

A Lady's Life in the Rocky Mountains by Isabella Lucy Bird, Daniel J. Boorstin

Columbine, Donner party, Internet Archive

The wild flowers are gorgeous and innumerable, though their beauty, which culminates in July and August, was over before I arrived, and the recent snow flurries have finished them. The time between winter and winter is very short, and the flowery growth and blossom of a whole year are compressed into two months. Here are dandelions, buttercups, larkspurs, harebells, violets, roses, blue gentian, columbine, painter's brush, and fifty others, blue and yellow predominating; and though their blossoms are stiffened by the cold every morning, they are starring the grass and drooping over the brook long before noon, making the most of their brief lives in the sunshine. Of ferns, after many a long hunt, I have only found the Cystopteris fragilis and the Blechnum spicant, but I hear that the Pteris aquilina is also found.


pages: 262 words: 78,781

A Guide to the Good Life: The Ancient Art of Stoic Joy by William Braxton Irvine

Columbine, fear of failure, hedonic treadmill, Lao Tzu

These days, after doing what they can to save lives, authorities are quick to call in grief counselors to help those who survived the disaster, those who lost loved ones in it, and those who witnessed it. When, for example, the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City was bombed in 1995, killing 168, a horde of grief counselors descended on the city to help people work through their grief. Likewise, in 1999, when three dozen people were shot by two rampaging students at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, a team of grief counselors was brought in to help the surviving students, their parents, and members of the community deal with their grief.12 It is instructive to contrast these responses to disaster with the way authorities responded to disasters in the middle of the twentieth century. When, for example, a landslide of coal-mine waste buried a village school in Aberfan, South Wales, in 1966, the parents of the 116 children who died were left to deal with their grief on their own.13 As a result, many of them simply bore the disaster with, as the British say, a stiff upper lip.


The Ledge: An Adventure Story of Friendship and Survival on Mount Rainier by Jim Davidson, Kevin Vaughan

Columbine, index card

Formerly an environmental geologist with his own consulting firm, Jim is now a professional speaker with Speaking of Adventure (www.speakingofadventure.com). Jim lives in Colorado with his two adventurous kids and his very tolerant wife. KEVIN VAUGHAN is a staff writer at The Denver Post. A graduate of Metropolitan State College, he has written extensively on the sports supplement industry, the tragedy at Columbine High School, and the criminal justice system. He has been honored numerous times for his journalism. He lives in Colorado with his wife and their three children.


pages: 252 words: 80,636

Bureaucracy by David Graeber

a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airport security, Albert Einstein, banking crisis, barriers to entry, borderless world, Bretton Woods, British Empire, collateralized debt obligation, Columbine, conceptual framework, Corn Laws, David Graeber, George Gilder, High speed trading, hiring and firing, Kitchen Debate, late capitalism, means of production, music of the spheres, new economy, obamacare, Occupy movement, Parkinson's law, Peter Thiel, planetary scale, post-work, price mechanism, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, South Sea Bubble, transcontinental railway, union organizing, urban planning, zero-sum game

In fact the only reference I could find to the term “postalization” in contemporary literature is an essay on workplace violence called “the postalization of corporate America,” decrying how an epidemic of violent attacks on bosses and co-workers was spreading from the public sector into private corporations, too. In a fascinating book called Going Postal: Rage, Murder, and Rebellion from Reagan’s Workplaces to Clinton’s Columbine and Beyond, Mark Ames carefully picked through journalistic accounts of such events (which did, indeed, quickly spread from the Post Office to private offices and factories, and even to private postal services like UPS, but in the process, became so commonplace that many barely made the national news) and noted that the language they employ, which always described these events as acts of inexplicable individual rage and madness—severed from any consideration of the systematic humiliations that always seem to set them off—bears an uncanny resemblance to the way the nineteenth-century press treated slave revolts.126 Ames notes that there were remarkably few organized slave rebellions in American history.


pages: 294 words: 86,601

Mind Wide Open: Your Brain and the Neuroscience of Everyday Life by Steven Johnson

Columbine, double helix, epigenetics, experimental subject, Gödel, Escher, Bach, James Watt: steam engine, l'esprit de l'escalier, lateral thinking, pattern recognition, phenotype, social intelligence, Steven Pinker, theory of mind, zero-sum game

I told you so! The few studies of laughter that preceded this one had assumed that laughing and humor were linked inextricably, but Provine’s early research suggested that the connection was only an occasional one. People certainly laughed at jokes, but that was only a small part of the story. “There’s a dark side to laughter that we sometimes are too quick to overlook,” he says. “The kids at Columbine were laughing as they walked through the school shooting their peers.” As his research progressed, Provine began to suspect that laughter was in fact about something else-not humor or gags or incongruity, but social interaction. He found support for this assumption in a study that had already been conducted, analyzing people’s laughter patterns in social and solitary contexts. “You’re thirty times more likely to laugh when you’re with other people than you are when you’re alone-if you don’t count simulated social environments like laugh tracks on television,” Provine says.


pages: 281 words: 79,464

Against Empathy: The Case for Rational Compassion by Paul Bloom

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, Asperger Syndrome, Atul Gawande, Columbine, David Brooks, Donald Trump, effective altruism, Ferguson, Missouri, impulse control, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Paul Erdős, period drama, Peter Singer: altruism, publication bias, Ralph Waldo Emerson, replication crisis, Ronald Reagan, social intelligence, Stanford marshmallow experiment, Steven Pinker, theory of mind, Walter Mischel, Yogi Berra

Other biases arise out of facts about the way attention works. New things interest us; we grow insensitive to the same old same old. Just as we can come to ignore the hum of a refrigerator, we become inured to problems that seem unrelenting, like the starvation of children in Africa—or homicide in the United States. Mass shootings get splashed onto television screens, newspaper headlines, and the Web; the major ones settle into our collective memory—Columbine, Virginia Tech, Aurora, Sandy Hook. The 99.9 percent of other homicides are, unless the victim is someone you know, mere background noise. Such biases are separate from empathy. But the spotlight nature of empathy means that it is vulnerable to them. Empathy’s narrow focus, specificity, and innumeracy mean that it’s always going to be influenced by what captures our attention, by racial preferences, and so on.


pages: 295 words: 82,786

The Harm in Asking: My Clumsy Encounters With the Human Race by Sara Barron

Burning Man, Columbine, East Village, medical residency

While the first hour was fun enough, we got thrown out in the second. Charlie got belligerent on promotional vodka samples, and when the overweight lady bartender cut him off and told him it was time to leave, he screamed, “You’re a fat fucking cunt, you know that? You’re really fucking fat.” It was awful hearing him talk this way. I mean, I enjoy a joke about incest, rape, farts, Hitler, pedophiles, September 11, Columbine, midgets, bestiality, pediatric cancer, wealthy Russians, spousal abuse, the word “Mongoloid,” the mentally disabled, homosexuals, hookers, dead hookers, anything pertaining to Jewish culture, and a large portion of race-related issues as long as the audience for whom the joke is performed isn’t entirely white. I like fat jokes too, if I’m being honest. It’s just, this wasn’t a fat joke so much as it was authentic rage directed at the overweight.


pages: 998 words: 211,235

A Beautiful Mind by Sylvia Nasar

"Robert Solow", Al Roth, Albert Einstein, Andrew Wiles, Brownian motion, business cycle, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, experimental economics, fear of failure, Gunnar Myrdal, Henri Poincaré, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, John Conway, John Nash: game theory, John von Neumann, Kenneth Arrow, Kenneth Rogoff, linear programming, lone genius, longitudinal study, market design, medical residency, Nash equilibrium, Norbert Wiener, Paul Erdős, Paul Samuelson, prisoner's dilemma, RAND corporation, Ronald Coase, second-price auction, Silicon Valley, Simon Singh, spectrum auction, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thorstein Veblen, upwardly mobile, zero-sum game

Even in the three years since the publication of this book, the transformations in Nash’s life have been as remarkable as any that will be portrayed on screen. Princeton Junction, New Jersey, June 1, 2001 Notes Prologue 1. George W. Mackey, professor of mathematics, Harvard University, interview, Cambridge, Mass., 12.14.95. 2. See, for example, David Halberstam, The Fifties (New York: Favycett Columbine, 1993). 3. Mikhail Gromov, professor of mathematics, Institut des Hautes-Etudes, Bures-sur-Yvette, France, and Courant Institute, interview, 12.16.97. The claim that Nash ranks among the greatest mathematicians of the postwar era is based on judgment of fellow mathematicians. The topologist John Milnor expressed a nearly universal opinion among mathematicians when he wrote: “To some, the brief paper, written at age 21, for which he has won a Nobel prize in economics, may seem like the least of his achievements.”

New York: Simon & Schuster, 1959. Glass, James M. Delusion. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985. Goldstein, Rebecca. The Mind-Body Problem. New York: Penguin, 1993. Gottesman, Irving I. Schizophrenia Genesis: The Origins of Madness. New York: W. H. Freeman & Co., 1991. Grob, Gerald N. The Mad Among Us. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1994. Halberstam, David. The Fifties. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1993. Hale, Nathan G., Jr. The Rise and Crisis of Psychoanalysis in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. Halmos, Paul R. “The Legend of John von Neumann.” American Mathematical Monthly, vol. 80 (1973), pp. 382–94. Hardy, G. H. A Mathematician’s Apology, with foreword by C. P. Snow. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1967. Heilbroner, Robert. The Worldly Philosophers.


pages: 362 words: 95,782

Stephen Fry in America by Stephen Fry

Bretton Woods, Buckminster Fuller, call centre, Charles Lindbergh, Columbine, Donald Trump, illegal immigration, intermodal, jimmy wales, Jony Ive, Kickstarter, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, Upton Sinclair, urban sprawl, Yogi Berra

It is clear that her apprehension of what spooks, stresses and alarms an animal is extremely accurate: I wonder however if someone will come close one day to understanding what thrills, delights and pleases an animal? Do they respond to beauty in nature, for example? Can they detect, appreciate and value the difference between a dull urban sprawl and a mighty mountain landscape? * * * COLORADO KEY FACTS Abbreviation: CO Nickname: The Centennial State Capital: Denver Flower: Rocky Mountain columbine Tree: Colorado blue spruce Bird: Lark bunting Mineral: Rhodochrosite Motto: Nil Sine Numine (‘Nothing Without Providence’) Well-known residents and natives: John Kerry, Horace ‘Go West Young Man’ Greeley, James Michener, Allen Ginsberg, Clive Cussler, Antoinette ‘Tony Award’ Perry, Ken Kesey, Douglas Fairbanks, Lon Chaney, Bill Murray, Roseanne Barr, Tim Allen, Don Cheadle, Trey Parker, Matt Stone, Paul Whiteman, Glenn Miller, John Denver


pages: 356 words: 91,157

The New Urban Crisis: How Our Cities Are Increasing Inequality, Deepening Segregation, and Failing the Middle Class?and What We Can Do About It by Richard Florida

affirmative action, Airbnb, basic income, Bernie Sanders, blue-collar work, business climate, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, clean water, Columbine, congestion charging, creative destruction, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, declining real wages, deindustrialization, Donald Trump, East Village, edge city, Edward Glaeser, failed state, Ferguson, Missouri, Gini coefficient, Google bus, high net worth, income inequality, income per capita, industrial cluster, informal economy, Jane Jacobs, jitney, Kitchen Debate, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, land value tax, low skilled workers, Lyft, megacity, Menlo Park, mortgage tax deduction, Nate Silver, New Economic Geography, new economy, New Urbanism, occupational segregation, Paul Graham, plutocrats, Plutocrats, RAND corporation, rent control, rent-seeking, Richard Florida, rising living standards, Ronald Reagan, secular stagnation, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, sovereign wealth fund, superstar cities, the built environment, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thorstein Veblen, trickle-down economics, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, universal basic income, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, white flight, young professional

Furthermore, the violent crime rate—which has been declining across the United States—fell three times faster in America’s primary cities than it did in their suburbs between 1990 and 2008. Murders actually rose by 16.9 percent in the suburbs between 2001 and 2010, while falling by 16.7 percent in cities.11 And the suburbs have been the sites of many, if not most, of America’s mass shootings, from Columbine to Sandy Hook. Suburban governments and police departments have been slow to adjust to these new realities. That became agonizingly apparent to the whole world when Ferguson, Missouri, a St. Louis suburb of 21,000, spun out of control in the wake of the police killing of Michael Brown in 2015. Over two-thirds (67 percent) of Ferguson’s population is black, but only four of the town’s fifty-four police officers were black at the time.


pages: 383 words: 92,837

Incognito: The Secret Lives of the Brain by David Eagleman

Ada Lovelace, Albert Einstein, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, Columbine, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, delayed gratification, endowment effect, facts on the ground, impulse control, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, out of africa, Pierre-Simon Laplace, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Rodney Brooks, Saturday Night Live, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), Steven Pinker, Thales of Miletus

As the neuroscientist Wolf Singer recently suggested: even when we cannot measure what is wrong with a criminal’s brain, we can fairly safely assume that something is wrong.23 His actions are sufficient evidence of a brain abnormality, even if we don’t know (and maybe will never know) the details.24 As Singer puts it: “As long as we can’t identify all the causes, which we cannot and will probably never be able to do, we should grant that for everybody there is a neurobiological reason for being abnormal.” Note that most of the time we cannot measure an abnormality in criminals. Take Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, the shooters at Columbine High School in Colorado, or Seung-Hui Cho, the shooter at Virginia Tech. Was something wrong with their brains? We’ll never know, because they—like most school shooters—were killed at the scene. But we can safely assume there was something abnormal in their brains. It’s a rare behavior; most students don’t do that. The bottom line of the argument is that criminals should always be treated as incapable of having acted otherwise.


pages: 289 words: 87,137

What Patients Say, What Doctors Hear by Danielle Ofri

big-box store, Columbine, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, medical residency, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Nelson Mandela, placebo effect, randomized controlled trial, stem cell

., “The Impact of Patient and Physician Computer Mediated Communication Skill Training on Reported Communication and Patient Satisfaction,” Patient Education and Counseling 88 (2012): 406–13. 5. J. K. Rao et al., “Communication Interventions Make a Difference in Conversations Between Physicians and Patients: A Systematic Review of the Evidence,” Medical Care 45 (2007): 340–49. 6. Anatole Broyard, Intoxicated by My Illness: And Other Writings on Life and Death (New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1992), 43. 7. D. E. Epner et al., “Difficult Conversations: Teaching Medical Oncology Trainees Communication Skills One Hour at a Time,” Academic Medicine 89 (2014): 578–84. CHAPTER 16: CAN WE TALK? 1. Broyard, Intoxicated by My Illness, 52. 2. Ibid., 44. 3. From “Gaudeamus Igitur” in Stone, Renaming the Streets. Index Please note that page numbers are not accurate for the e-book edition.


pages: 318 words: 93,502

The Two-Income Trap: Why Middle-Class Parents Are Going Broke by Elizabeth Warren, Amelia Warren Tyagi

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, business climate, Columbine, declining real wages, equal pay for equal work, feminist movement, financial independence, labor-force participation, late fees, McMansion, mortgage debt, new economy, New Journalism, payday loans, school choice, school vouchers, telemarketer, urban sprawl, women in the workforce

This means living in a community with relatively high housing costs.40 In other words, the only way to ensure that a beloved youngster gets a solid education is to spring for a three-bedroom Colonial with an hour-long commute to a job in the city. Today’s parents must also confront another frightening prospect as they consider where their children will attend school: the threat of school violence. The widely publicized rise in shootings, gangs, and dangerous drugs at public schools sent many parents in search of a safe haven for their sons and daughters. Violent incidents can happen anywhere, as the shootings at lovely suburban Columbine High School in Colorado revealed to a horrified nation. But the statistics show that school violence is not as random as it might seem. According to one study, the incidence of serious violent crime—such as robbery, rape, or attack with a weapon—is more than three times higher in schools characterized by high poverty levels than those with predominantly middle- and upper-income children.41 Similarly, urban children are more than twice as likely as suburban children to fear being attacked on the way to or from school.42 The data expose a harsh reality: Parents who can get their kids into a more economically segregated neighborhood really improve the odds that their sons and daughters will make it through school safely.


pages: 422 words: 89,770

Death of the Liberal Class by Chris Hedges

1960s counterculture, Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, call centre, clean water, collective bargaining, Columbine, corporate governance, deindustrialization, desegregation, Donald Trump, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Henry Ford's grandson gave labor union leader Walter Reuther a tour of the company’s new, automated factory…, hive mind, housing crisis, Howard Zinn, illegal immigration, Jane Jacobs, Jaron Lanier, Lao Tzu, Pearl River Delta, post scarcity, profit motive, Ralph Nader, Ronald Reagan, strikebreaker, the scientific method, The Wisdom of Crowds, Tobin tax, union organizing, Unsafe at Any Speed, Upton Sinclair, WikiLeaks, working poor, Works Progress Administration

But you can’t fully grasp this unless you have been in combat, and combat is something the liberal class has been able to hand off to the working class since World War II. The solitary voices of dissent that condemned the war at its inception were attacked as fiercely by the liberal class as by the right wing. When documentary filmmaker Michael Moore accepted the Oscar for his film Bowling for Columbine on March 23, 2003, he used the occasion to denounce the war, which had begun a few days earlier, as well as the legitimacy of the Bush presidency. “We live in a fictitious time,” Moore, dressed in an ill-fitting tuxedo, told an increasingly hostile audience:We live in a time when we have fictitious election results that elect a fictitious president. We live in a time where we have a man sending us to war for fictitious reasons, whether it is the fiction of duct tape or Orange Alerts.


Hiding in Plain Sight: The Invention of Donald Trump and the Erosion of America by Sarah Kendzior

"side hustle", 4chan, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, borderless world, Chelsea Manning, Columbine, corporate raider, desegregation, don't be evil, Donald Trump, drone strike, Edward Snowden, Ferguson, Missouri, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, hiring and firing, illegal immigration, income inequality, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, Jeffrey Epstein, Julian Assange, Mohammed Bouazizi, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, new economy, payday loans, plutocrats, Plutocrats, QAnon, Robert Hanssen: Double agent, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Skype, Thomas L Friedman, trickle-down economics, unpaid internship, white flight, WikiLeaks, Y2K, zero-sum game

You would know on a gut level that your story would never be viewed with sympathy, because sympathy was for suckers now. Sympathy was a junk bond emotion. Sympathy was reserved for only the most virtuous victims—and even then, they always implied, it must have been the victim’s fault. Occasionally a great horror would shake Americans out of their smug voyeurism, a tragedy so awful it could not be sold as spectacle—the Oklahoma City bombing, the Columbine massacre—but these were dismissed as anomalies instead of sparks for future flames. Their predecessors—Ruby Ridge and the school shootings that first emerged in the early 1990s—were minimized outside the fringes, where they were immortalized with a cult-like intensity. The 1990s was a paranoid era, relentlessly unsentimental. Comedies like Seinfeld proudly proclaimed to be about nothing, because nothing was what mattered now.


pages: 901 words: 234,905

The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature by Steven Pinker

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, anti-communist, British Empire, clean water, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, conceptual framework, correlation coefficient, correlation does not imply causation, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, Defenestration of Prague, desegregation, epigenetics, Exxon Valdez, George Akerlof, germ theory of disease, ghettoisation, glass ceiling, Hobbesian trap, income inequality, invention of agriculture, invisible hand, Joan Didion, long peace, meta analysis, meta-analysis, More Guns, Less Crime, Murray Gell-Mann, mutually assured destruction, Norman Mailer, Peter Singer: altruism, phenotype, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Potemkin village, prisoner's dilemma, profit motive, QWERTY keyboard, Richard Feynman, Richard Thaler, risk tolerance, Robert Bork, Rodney Brooks, Saturday Night Live, social intelligence, speech recognition, Stanford prison experiment, stem cell, Steven Pinker, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, the new new thing, theory of mind, Thomas Malthus, Thorstein Veblen, twin studies, ultimatum game, urban renewal, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, Yogi Berra, zero-sum game

If humans are accidental products of the mutation and selection of chemical replicators, they worry, morality would have no foundation and we would be left mindlessly obeying biological urges. One creationist, testifying to this danger in front of the U.S. House Judiciary Committee, cited the lyrics of a rock song: “You and me baby ain’t nothin’ but mammals / So let’s do it like they do it on the Discovery Channel.”27 After the 1999 lethal rampage by two teenagers at Columbine High School in Colorado, Tom Delay, the Republican Majority Whip in the House of Representatives, said that such violence is inevitable as long as “our school systems teach children that they are nothing but glorified apes, evolutionized out of some primordial soup of mud.”28 The most damaging effect of the right-wing opposition to evolution is the corruption of American science education by activists in the creationist movement.

Roughley (Ed.), Being humans: Anthropological universality and particularity in transdisciplinary perspectives. New York: Walter de Gruyter. Brown, R. 1985. Social psychology: The second edition. New York: Free Press. Browne, K. 1998. Divided labors: An evolutionary view of women at work. London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson. Brownmiller, S. 1975. Against our will: Men, women, and rape. New York: Fawcett Columbine. Brownmiller, S., & Merhof, B. 1992. A feminist response to rape as an adaptation in men. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 15, 381–382. Bruer, J. 1997. Education and the brain: A bridge too far. Educational Researcher, 26, 4–16. Bruer, J. 1999. The myth of the first three years: A new understanding of brain development and lifelong learning. New York: Free Press. Brugger, P., Kollias, S. S., Müri, R.


pages: 330 words: 99,226

Extraterrestrial Civilizations by Isaac Asimov

Albert Einstein, Cepheid variable, Columbine, Edward Charles Pickering, Harvard Computers: women astronomers, invention of radio, invention of the telescope, invention of writing, Isaac Newton, Johannes Kepler, Louis Pasteur, Magellanic Cloud, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence

Also by Isaac Asimov: EARTH: OUR CROWDED SPACESHIP REALM OF NUMBERS EXTRATERRESTRIAL CIVILIZATIONS THIS BOOK CONTAINS THE COMPLETE TEXT OF THE ORIGINAL HARDCOVER EDITION. Published by Fawcett Columbine Books, a unit of CBS Publications, the Consumer Publishing Division of CBS Inc., by arrangement with Crown Publishers, Inc. Copyright ©1979 by Isaac Asimov ALL RIGHTS RESERVED eISBN: 978-0-307-79230-3 v3.1 To the memory of Paul Nadan (1929-1978) for whom I should have started the book sooner. Contents Cover Other Book by This Author Title Page Dedication Copyright 1 ·The Earth Spirits Animals Primates Brains Fire Civilization 2 · The Moon Phases Another World Waterlessness Moon Hoax Airlessness 3 · The Inner Solar System Nearby Worlds Venus Martian Canals Mars Probes 4 · The Outer Solar System Planetary Chemistry Titan Jupiter 5 · The Stars Substars The Milky Way The Galaxy The Other Galaxies 6 · Planetary Systems Nebular Hypothesis Stellar Collisions Nebular Hypothesis Again The Rotating Stars The Wobbling Stars 7 · Sunlike Stars Giant Stars Midget Stars Just Right 8 · Earthlike Planets Binary Stars Star Populations The Ecosphere Habitability 9 · Life Spontaneous Generation Origin of Life?


pages: 339 words: 100,075

Pump Six and Other Stories by Paolo Bacigalupi

Columbine, hiring and firing, price stability, profit maximization

The guests hurried through the driving snow while the blue search beams of Burson's ski patrols carved across the forests. Lidia sighed and turned from the windows, obedient finally to Nia's anxious hope that she would dress. Stephen and Lidia went on picnics together when Belari was away from the fief. They would leave the great gray construct of Belari's castle and walk carefully across the mountain meadows, Stephen always helping her, guiding her fragile steps through fields of daisies, columbine, and lupine until they peered down over sheer granite cliffs to the town far below. All about them glacier-sculpted peaks ringed the valley like giants squatting in council, their faces adorned with snow even in summer, like beards of wisdom. At the edge of the precipice, they ate a picnic lunch and Stephen told stories of the world before the fiefs, before Revitia made stars immortal. He said the country had been democratic.


pages: 358 words: 95,115

NurtureShock: New Thinking About Children by Po Bronson, Ashley Merryman

affirmative action, Columbine, delayed gratification, desegregation, hedonic treadmill, impulse control, index card, job satisfaction, lake wobegon effect, longitudinal study, meta analysis, meta-analysis, randomized controlled trial, social intelligence, Steven Pinker, telemarketer, theory of mind

However, social scientists didn’t really get around to studying the connection between popularity and aggression until this decade. That’s largely due to the fact that the focus on the archetypal negative results of aggression helped papers get published and research dollars flow: grants were readily available to study the plight of aggressive kids, in the hope the findings might help society prevent aggressive kids from becoming our future prison population. The 1999 Columbine High School massacre opened more floodgates for grant dollars, as the government made it a priority to ensure students would never again open fire on their peers. There was also a tendency, according to Dr. Allen, for social scientists to assume bad behaviors are uniformly associated with bad outcomes; aggression was considered bad behavior, so scientists were really only looking for the negative consequences of it.


pages: 416 words: 100,130

New Power: How Power Works in Our Hyperconnected World--And How to Make It Work for You by Jeremy Heimans, Henry Timms

"side hustle", 3D printing, 4chan, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, battle of ideas, Benjamin Mako Hill, bitcoin, blockchain, British Empire, Chris Wanstrath, Columbine, Corn Laws, crowdsourcing, David Attenborough, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, Ferguson, Missouri, future of work, game design, gig economy, hiring and firing, IKEA effect, income inequality, informal economy, job satisfaction, Jony Ive, Kibera, Kickstarter, Lean Startup, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, Minecraft, Network effects, new economy, Nicholas Carr, obamacare, Occupy movement, profit motive, race to the bottom, ride hailing / ride sharing, rolodex, Saturday Night Live, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, six sigma, Snapchat, social web, TaskRabbit, the scientific method, transaction costs, Travis Kalanick, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, upwardly mobile, web application, WikiLeaks

Two Colorado state senators who had helped to pass laws aimed at limiting gun violence were unceremoniously removed from office in a special recall election held to target them for their stance on guns. This victory for gun rights advocates was remarkable coming nine months after a massacre in a Newtown, Connecticut elementary school had left twenty-six dead, most of them small children, and in a state still haunted by the 1999 killing spree at Columbine High School. Just two months after the recall election, a third Colorado state senator, Evie Hudak, preemptively resigned, simply because she knew she had stepped into the same crosshairs. The Colorado recall election is an example of the remarkable power of the National Rifle Association (NRA) and its allies to foil those who cross them, and thus send a warning sign to others tempted to do so.


Fresh Off the Boat by Eddie Huang

affirmative action, back-to-the-land, Columbine, cuban missile crisis, East Village, Howard Zinn, Lao Tzu, rent control, Telecommunications Act of 1996, walkable city

I was just walking into school so I stopped right inside the entrance as thousands of us stood frozen for Ricky. I lifted up my head, opened my eyes, and to the right I saw Emery coming out of the bathroom and that motherfucker that punched him was waiting. I was shook from the moment of silence, but I knew what I had to do and dropped my backpack. Warren was right behind me so I knew he’d scoop it. Those were the days right after Columbine so we all had to wear student IDs around our necks. I took my ID off, wrapped it around my hands, crept behind this kid, and yoked him right in front of Emery. All the Tangelo Park cats hung by the bathroom so as soon as they saw it, you heard the motherfuckin’ bird call. Kids surrounded us and formed a wall so the cops couldn’t break it up. Emery froze for a second, but then reared back and mashed him right in the face.


Rogue State: A Guide to the World's Only Superpower by William Blum

anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, British Empire, collective bargaining, Columbine, experimental subject, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Joseph Schumpeter, land reform, Monroe Doctrine, Nelson Mandela, profit motive, Ronald Reagan, union organizing

. • In various schools students are being suspended for: bringing a bottle of the nonprescription painkiller Advil to school; dying their hair an "unacceptable" color; giving a classmate a Midol tablet for relief of menstrual cramps; bringing "drugs" to school—lemon drops; bringing a gift-wrapped bottle of wine as a Christmas gift for a teacher; another is punished for carrying a small paring knife to cut her lunch fruit; yet another, a 9-year-old boy, is punished for waving his drawing of a gun in class; a sixyear-old boy is sent home for planting a kiss on a girl's cheek; eight-year-old girls are strip-searched in school, in a search for stolen money (not found); pre-schoolers to 6th grade students are given genital exams as part of their physicals; high schools employ random Breathalyser testing to ferret out students who have imbibed alcohol; a 14-yearold girl is strip-searched and suspended for two weeks because she tells her classmates she understands how the Columbine shooters felt; and high school students are questioned by police who want to know if a chemistry textbook was for bomb-making. This while an eleven-year-old boy is being arrested and accused of incest because a neighbor saw him touching his younger sister "sexually" in their yard. He was held six weeks in a juvenile detention center and shackled in court on at least one occasion. The boy and his parents said he had pulled down his five-year-old sister's underwear to help her urinate.


Vertical Gardening: Grow Up, Not Out, for More Vegetables and Flowers in Much Less Space by Derek Fell

Columbine, upwardly mobile

Unless the space between tall plants is covered with a decorative organic mulch such as shredded leaves, I like to see bare soil covered with a living, spreading groundcover. Even common groundcovers like ‘Purple Wave’ petunias in sun and evergreen blue periwinkle in shade are better than bare soil. At garden centers and nurseries, you will mostly find ankle-high, knee-high, waist-high, and even chest-high plants, often identified on plant labels as dwarf (such as alyssum), semi-dwarf (such as columbine), standard-size (such as New England asters), and tall (such as foxgloves and delphinium). Vines are more of a rarity, because most gardeners haven't experimented enough with them to know all of their wonderful attributes. Even if you've planted or are planning to plant your garden with bedding or tall plants, consider adding ornamental vines to any bare space above chest height, and definitely think about including vines in addition to tall shrubs or trees to create the vertical component so necessary in a field of vision.


pages: 336 words: 97,204

The Mystery of Charles Dickens by A. N. Wilson

British Empire, Columbine, Corn Laws, Etonian, Fellow of the Royal Society, George Santayana, Honoré de Balzac, James Watt: steam engine, Jarndyce and Jarndyce, Jarndyce and Jarndyce, Ralph Waldo Emerson, sexual politics, spinning jenny, Thomas Malthus

In the nineteenth-century theatre the footlights were garish indeed, a row of smoking oil – later gas – lamps, melting the greasepaint of the players on the one side, half blinding those in the front rows of the audience on the other. Dickens wanted to live on both sides of this garish, overheated row. He had grown up stage-struck. When he was seven, his mother and father took him up to London to see the Christmas pantomime, and he had been entranced by the make-up of the clowns, their thick white face-paint, and their appetite for sausages. Harlequin and Pantaloon held him in raptures, and he ‘thought that to marry a Columbine would be to attain the highest pitch of all human felicity!’22 A little later, a troupe of them had visited Chatham, where his improvident father was working as a naval clerk, and the child had stared with wonder at the little boys ‘with frills as white as they could be washed’,23 smelling of sawdust and orange peel, and accompanied by ‘a crafty magician holding a young lady in bondage’.24 Even after he had begun to enjoy great success as a writer, after the publication of Pickwick, and in the middle of writing Oliver Twist, Dickens, at a publisher’s request, took on the task of revising a clumsily written biography of the great clown Grimaldi,25 whom he had seen perform at the Theatre Royal, Chatham.


pages: 289 words: 112,697

The new village green: living light, living local, living large by Stephen Morris

back-to-the-land, Buckminster Fuller, clean water, cleantech, collective bargaining, Columbine, Community Supported Agriculture, computer age, cuban missile crisis, deindustrialization, discovery of penicillin, distributed generation, energy security, energy transition, Fellow of the Royal Society, financial independence, Firefox, index card, Indoor air pollution, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, Kevin Kelly, Louis Pasteur, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, McMansion, Menlo Park, Negawatt, off grid, peak oil, rolodex, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, Whole Earth Catalog, Whole Earth Review

The NEW VILLAGE GREEN 245 Dan Chiras is an award-winning nonfiction writer who has published two dozen books, including Lessons From Nature: Learning to Live Sustainably on the Earth, The Homeowner’s Guide to Renerwable Energy and EcoKids: Raising Children who Care for the Earth The Bonds That Tie Dan Chiras B esides lifting our spirits, improving our health, and providing inspiration for design and guidance for creating a sustainable future, visits to natural areas provide valuable opportunities to create deep and lasting connections with the life-support system of the planet. The beauty of a grand vista, the gentle curve of the feather-soft petals of a columbine, and the eerie cry of the loon through the misty morning air – these are the things that inspire awe and open young hearts to the world outside cities and suburbs. When our hearts open, our minds quickly follow. We become allies of nature, interested in voting the conservation ticket and living our lives consistently with the love we hold for the living world. As a parent, you can open your children’s hearts and minds to nature, building compassion and love for the planet by introducing them to nature, and giving them opportunities to visit often.


pages: 329 words: 106,831

All Your Base Are Belong to Us: How Fifty Years of Video Games Conquered Pop Culture by Harold Goldberg

activist lawyer, Alexey Pajitnov wrote Tetris, Apple II, cellular automata, Columbine, Conway's Game of Life, G4S, game design, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, Mars Rover, Mikhail Gorbachev, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ray Oldenburg, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, The Great Good Place, Thorstein Veblen, urban planning

The Wii would be pitched to the American public not as a luxury, but as something as essential as food. You had to have it. Like the healthiest food, it would help you to live right. The name Wii said, “Forget them, those executives with the high-tech boxes who yearn for the eighteen-to-thirty-four-year-old hard-core gamer.” The Wii, posited Reggie, was about the rest of us, the silent majority who’d left games when they became all about shooting and violence. This wasn’t Doom or Columbine or Grand Theft Auto. This was a gaming experience for us, Nintendo would say. The Wii wasn’t about me-ness. It was about we-ness. Those who bought the Wii would come together in a tight social network that was all-inclusive. Nintendo targeted the blogosphere, particularly the so-called mommy blogs, and the moms loved it and the word spread virally across the Web. The philosophy was as cult-y as anything Mary Kay could have imagined.


pages: 387 words: 111,096

Enigma by Robert Harris

Alan Turing: On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem, British Empire, Columbine, index card, invention of the printing press, sensible shoes, Turing machine

It was a human voice. A man. Repeating this one word: Akelei' 'Akelei,' murmured Jericho. 'Akelei . . . That's a flower, isn't it?' 'Ha!' Logie clapped his hands. 'You are a bloody marvel, Tom. See how much we miss you? We had to go and ask one of the German swots on Z-watch what it meant. Akelei: a five-petalled flower of the buttercup family, from the Latin Aquilegia. We vulgarians call it columbine.' 'Akelei? repeated Jericho. 'This is a prearranged signal of some sort, presumably?' 'It is.' 'And it means?' 'It means trouble, is what it means, old love. We found out just how much trouble at midnight yesterday.' Logie leaned forwards. The humour had left his voice. His face was lined and grave. 'Akelei means: “Change the Short Weather Code Book.” They've gone over to a new one and we haven't a bloody clue what to do about it.


pages: 465 words: 103,303

The Cancer Chronicles: Unlocking Medicine's Deepest Mystery by George Johnson

Atul Gawande, Cepheid variable, Columbine, dark matter, discovery of DNA, double helix, Drosophila, epigenetics, Gary Taubes, Harvard Computers: women astronomers, Isaac Newton, Magellanic Cloud, meta analysis, meta-analysis, microbiome, mouse model, Murray Gell-Mann, phenotype, profit motive, stem cell

Not a zeroscape—those gravel and cactus afterthoughts one sees in Phoenix or Las Vegas—but something akin to a dry highland meadow. We started with one small patch, clearing it of brush and scattering a packet of Beauty Beyond Belief wildflower seeds, a mix recommended for northern New Mexico. There were seeds for Colorado aster, goldfields, arroyo lupine, desert lupine, desert marigold, California poppy, alyssum, baby blue eyes, baby’s breath, bachelor button, black-eyed Susan, candytuft, catchfly, columbine, purple coneflower, yellow coneflower, coreopsis, cosmos, African daisy, Shasta daisy, blue flax, scarlet flax, mountain garland, gaillardia, larkspur, perennial lupine, Mexican hat, Rocky Mountain penstemon, corn poppy, sweet william pinks, and wallflower. We raked them into the dirt and let nature take its course. When the rains came it was clear that all we were going to get was blue flax, coneflower, and Mexican hat.


pages: 344 words: 110,684

Flame Trees of Thika by Elspeth Huxley

Columbine, Etonian

Tilly guessed at once who they were and tried to bolt, but Major Breeches came hurrying out to introduce them, so there was nothing for it but to face the Palmers as we were. Although it is so long ago, and afterwards she changed so much, I can still remember Lettice Palmer as I saw her then for the first time: friendly, eager, and above all handsome in a stylish, natural, and entirely unselfconscious manner. Her skin was the finest I have ever seen, as fresh and translucent as the petal of a columbine. Her eyes were amber-brown and her hair an unusual colour, like a dark sherry; she had the spring and cleanliness of health about her, and a trick of tilting her head back and arching her nostrils, almost wrinkling them, when attentive or amused. Major Breeches practically fawned on her, like an ecstatic dog. ‘What a journey!’ she cried. ‘The grass is brown, the trees have huge flowers but no leaves, it’s the women who carry everything….


pages: 467 words: 116,902

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander

affirmative action, cognitive bias, Columbine, Corrections Corporation of America, deindustrialization, desegregation, different worldview, ending welfare as we know it, friendly fire, Gunnar Myrdal, illegal immigration, land reform, large denomination, low skilled workers, mandatory minimum, mass incarceration, means of production, new economy, New Urbanism, pink-collar, profit motive, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, trickle-down economics, upwardly mobile, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, zero-sum game

That changed in the 1980s, when local law enforcement agencies suddenly had access to cash and military equipment specifically for the purpose of conducting drug raids. Today, the most common use of SWAT teams is to serve narcotics warrants, usually with forced, unannounced entry into the home. In fact, in some jurisdictions drug warrants are served only by SWAT teams—regardless of the nature of the alleged drug crime. As the Miami Herald reported in 2002, “Police say they want [SWAT teams] in case of a hostage situation or a Columbine-type incident, but in practice the teams are used mainly to serve search warrants on suspected drug dealers. Some of these searches yield as little as a few grams of cocaine or marijuana.”39 The rate of increase in the use of SWAT teams has been astonishing. In 1972, there were just a few hundred paramilitary drug raids per year in the United States. By the early 1980s, there were three thousand annual SWAT deployments, by 1996 there were thirty thousand, and by 2001 there were forty thousand.40 The escalation of military force was quite dramatic in cities throughout the United States.


Discover Great Britain by Lonely Planet

British Empire, carbon footprint, centre right, colonial rule, Columbine, congestion charging, G4S, global village, Haight Ashbury, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, New Urbanism, Stephen Hawking

The rooms are still the grandest in town. Roseleigh Hotel B&B ££ ( 01298-24904; www.roseleighhotel.co.uk; 19 Broad Walk; s/d incl breakfast from £38/72; ) This gorgeous family-run B&B in a roomy old Victorian house has lovingly decorated rooms, many with fine views out over the Pavilion Gardens. The owners are a welcoming couple, both seasoned travellers, with plenty of interesting tales to tell. Eating Columbine Restaurant Modern British ££ ( 01298-78752; 7 Hall Bank; mains £11-17; dinner Mon-Sat, closed Tue Nov-Apr) On the lane leading down beside the Town Hall, this understated restaurant is top choice among Buxtonites in the know. The chef conjures up some imaginative dishes using mainly local produce and there’s a sinful list of fattening puddings. Bookings recommended. Pavilion Cafe Cafe £ (snacks £3-7; 9.30am-5pm Apr-Sep) Set in a renovated wing of the Pavilion, these peaceful tearooms conjure up images of jazz-fuelled tea-dances sometime between the wars.


pages: 367 words: 117,340

America, You Sexy Bitch: A Love Letter to Freedom by Meghan McCain, Michael Black

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, carbon footprint, Columbine, fear of failure, feminist movement, glass ceiling, income inequality, obamacare, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Tony Hsieh, too big to fail, white picket fence

At the same time, Americans tend to automatically dismiss homegrown, non-Muslim terrorists like Timothy McVeigh as nut jobs because all of us know so many people who look and act like him. Who hasn’t met the paranoid, angry white guy with the buzz cut muttering about black helicopters? Most of the time, that dude is a harmless crank. When he does end up doing the unthinkable, we shrug him off as crazy. If two Muslim teenagers had gone through their high school spraying bullets like Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris did at Columbine, we would have blamed the whole religion instead of the kids. We would have said they were terrorists instead of maniacs. Is that fair? Even so, Muslims haven’t done themselves any great service in the years since 9/11. Why don’t we hear them decrying violence? Part of the problem is that they are a disparate group. There is no Muslim pope. No Muslim king. Muslims are like Jews, organized into small enclaves loosely affiliated with each other through larger umbrella organizations.


pages: 404 words: 115,108

They Don't Represent Us: Reclaiming Our Democracy by Lawrence Lessig

2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, blockchain, Cass Sunstein, Columbine, crony capitalism, crowdsourcing, David Brooks, do-ocracy, Donald Trump, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Filter Bubble, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, illegal immigration, income inequality, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, Joi Ito, Mark Zuckerberg, obamacare, Parag Khanna, plutocrats, Plutocrats, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, rent-seeking, Richard Thaler, Ronald Reagan, Shoshana Zuboff, Silicon Valley, Skype, speech recognition, Steven Levy, Upton Sinclair

Under the Trump administration, it was obviously captured by FCC commissioners keen to do the telecoms’ bidding. Their demand was to continue to weaken competition among broadband providers. The consequence of weakened competition is always higher prices and lower quality. Congress will never respond to this obviously absurd policy choice because the power of the telecoms, even among the Democrats, ensures that a reversal of FCC policy will not happen. And twenty years after the Columbine massacre, we still to this day have no comprehensive regulation to keep dangerous weapons from deranged men—again, and obviously, because of this vetocracy. The list is endless—and too depressing to continue. You get the point: Other nations can govern themselves. Their policies might be flawed; their insights might be incomplete. But at least they can move. They can make strategic judgments, and get their people turned in a different direction.


pages: 358 words: 119,272

Anatomy of the Bear: Lessons From Wall Street's Four Great Bottoms by Russell Napier

Albert Einstein, asset allocation, banking crisis, Bretton Woods, business cycle, buy and hold, collective bargaining, Columbine, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, diversified portfolio, floating exchange rates, Fractional reserve banking, full employment, hindsight bias, Kickstarter, Long Term Capital Management, market bubble, mortgage tax deduction, Myron Scholes, new economy, oil shock, price stability, reserve currency, Robert Gordon, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Reagan, short selling, stocks for the long run, yield curve, Yogi Berra

Their top strategists all think investors would be better off in bonds. 27 July: ‘It was a normal correction as the market pulled back and digested the recent declines in interest rates,’ asserted vice president Ralph Acampora of Kidder Peabody, encouraged that ‘volume tended to dry up’ when prices were falling. And he added that ‘any time a pickup in the market has occurred recently there’s been a ground-swell in the consumer stocks.’ 28 July: ‘The historical implications of the drops in interest rates we’ve seen since last year combined with the assumption that corporate profits won’t decline further would indicate the stock market has reached a bottom.’ John S. Brush of Columbine Capital Services, Colorado Springs, Colo. He added: ‘It seems crystal clear that inflation is going to be cooling for the next few years.’ 30 July: Leon G. Cooperman, investment policy committee chairman at Goldman Sachs & Co., asserted that ‘entry into a classical bull market must be validated by a further and sustained decline in interest rates.’ He added: ‘Lower interest rates are the essential market tonic and necessary for one to gain confidence that an economic recovery of substance can proceed and price-earnings (multiples) expansion can develop.’ 2 August: ‘I’m usually suspicious of the consensus view, but I have to agree with the current consensus that stocks can’t go anywhere until interest rates come down,’ Robert Kirby, chairman Capital Guardian Trust Co., Los Angeles.


pages: 497 words: 124,144

Red Moon Rising by Matthew Brzezinski

Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Columbine, cuban missile crisis, Kitchen Debate, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, skunkworks, trade route, Vanguard fund, walking around money, white picket fence

.: Redstone Arsenal, 1958), p. 25, at http://www.redstone.army.mil/history. “We were distrusted aliens”: Bob Ward, Dr. Space: The Life of Wernher von Braun (Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 2005), p. 67. 89 when three hundred thousand sorties were flown: http://www.usafe.af.mil/berlin/quickfax.htm. “when we might have completely destroyed Russia and not even skinned our elbows”: David Halberstam, The Fifties (New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1993), p. 25. “greatest act of stupidity of the McCarthyist period”: Dickson, Sputnik, p. 138. The historic hamlet was home to fifteen thousand genteel southerners: http://www.redstone.army.mil/history/cron2a.html. 90 “We had some concerns here”: Ward, Dr. Space, p. 77. The fledgling ABC network was backing the venture with $4.5 million in loan guarantees: Piszkiewicz, Wernher von Braun, p. 84. 91 whose hourly pay in 1954 had just been increased from seventy cents to a dollar: Ambrose, Eisenhower, p. 386.


pages: 432 words: 128,944

Falling Upwards: How We Took to the Air by Richard Holmes

colonial exploitation, Columbine, Edmond Halley, Fellow of the Royal Society, friendly fire, Google Earth, Isaac Newton, Louis Blériot, low earth orbit, music of the spheres

Three more balloons followed in quick succession over the next week, on 25, 29 and 30 September. Their aeronauts were Gabriel Mangin (his second attempt), Louis Godard and Gaston Tissandier, and they took off from the gasworks at La Villette and Vaugirard. All three of these balloons crossed the Seine and landed safely to the west of Paris carrying mail. They also carried baskets of carrier pigeons provided by a patriotic ‘columbine’ society, L’Espérance, to see if replies to the despatches could be flown back into Paris from the sorting office in Tours. When several of the pigeons returned over the next few days, it was clear that a complete outward-and-return postal service was now possible. The Defence Council now officially announced the formation of the Paris Balloon Post.26 There were to be two kinds of delivery: monté and non-monté – by manned and by unmanned balloons.


pages: 392 words: 122,282

Generation Kill by Evan Wright

Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Columbine, friendly fire, oil shale / tar sands, working poor

More than half of the guys in the platoon come from broken homes and were raised by absentee, single, working parents. Many are on more intimate terms with video games, reality TV shows and Internet porn than they are with their own parents. Before the “War on Terrorism” began, not a whole lot was expected of this generation other than the hope that those in it would squeak through high school without pulling too many more mass shootings in the manner of Columbine. But since the 9/11 attacks, the weight of America’s “War on Terrorism” has fallen on their shoulders. For many in the platoon, their war started within hours of the Twin Towers falling, when they were loaded onto ships to begin preparing for missions in Afghanistan. They see the invasion of Iraq as simply another campaign in a war without end, which is pretty much what their commanders and their president have already told them.


pages: 476 words: 124,973

The Desert and the Sea: 977 Days Captive on the Somali Pirate Coast by Michael Scott Moore

Albert Einstein, British Empire, clean water, Columbine, drone strike, European colonialism, Filipino sailors, fixed income, half of the world's population has never made a phone call, Nelson Mandela, South China Sea, UNCLOS

I was as full of pirate romance as the next American kid, but it was clear that the glow of high-seas heroism clinging to Pirates of the Caribbean was a question of nostalgic Hollywood mistiness and lingering military kitsch. Pirates of old, I figured, were no less mean than Somalis. Of course I was right. What I didn’t realize was how much all pirates had in common. In the 1980s, Lou Reed wrote a song about “video violence,” about an irrational pop-fueled world where people were in thrall to explosions and gunfire on TV. His prophetic bit of doggerel came before Columbine-style gun massacres were a routine irruption of evil in everyday American life. It came before the Twin Towers fell, before the Iraq invasion, before the most lurid scenes of cinematic imagination had oozed like gore into our headlines. The rise of modern pirates buzzing off Somalia was an example of entropy in my lifetime, and it seemed important to know why there were pirates at all. III In Djibouti I also boarded a NATO warship and sailed for a few days in the Gulf of Aden.


pages: 468 words: 123,823

A People's History of Poverty in America by Stephen Pimpare

"Robert Solow", affirmative action, British Empire, car-free, clean water, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, deindustrialization, delayed gratification, dumpster diving, East Village, Frederick Winslow Taylor, George Gilder, hedonic treadmill, hiring and firing, Howard Zinn, illegal immigration, impulse control, income inequality, index card, Jane Jacobs, low skilled workers, Mahatma Gandhi, mass incarceration, meta analysis, meta-analysis, moral panic, Naomi Klein, New Urbanism, payday loans, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, union organizing, urban renewal, War on Poverty, white flight, working poor, Works Progress Administration

Alexander, Render Them Submissive: Responses to Poverty in Philadelphia, 1760–1800 (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1980), 94–99, 116–17. 17 Monique Bourque, “Poor Relief ‘Without Violating the Rights of Humanity’: Almshouse Administration in the Philadelphia Region, 1790–1860,” in Down and Out in Early America (see note 3), 197. 18 Mary Roberts Smith, “Almshouse Women: A Study of Two Hundred and Twenty-Eight Women in the City and County Almshouse of San Francisco,” Publications of the American Statistical Association 4, no. 31 (September 1895): 219–62. 19 Ben Reitman, Sisters of the Road: The Autobiography of Boxcar Bertha (Edinburgh: AK Press/Nabat, 1937 [2002]) , 95–96. 20 Edmund Wilson, The American Earthquake: A Chronicle of the Roaring Twenties, the Great Depression, and the Dawn of the New Deal (New York: Da Capo, 1958 [1996]), 461–62. 21 Jonathan Kozol, Rachel and Her Children: Homeless Families in America (New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1988), 27–30. 22 Steven VanderStaay, Street Lives: An Oral History of Homeless Americans (Philadelphia: New Society Publishers, 1992), 14. 23 Elliot Liebow, Tell Them Who I Am: The Lives of Homeless Women (New York: Penguin, 1993 [1995]), 121, fn 7. 24 Gwendolyn A. Dordick, Something Left to Lose: Personal Relations and Survival Among New York’s Homeless (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1997), 162. 25 Ibid., chap. 4. 26 Liebow, Tell Them Who I Am, 123. 27 Ibid., 127. 28 “Flophouses,” said one wag, are a “cheap hotel or relief station where the homeless sleep poorly and the bedbugs live well.”


pages: 538 words: 141,822

The Net Delusion: The Dark Side of Internet Freedom by Evgeny Morozov

"Robert Solow", A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, borderless world, Buckminster Fuller, Cass Sunstein, citizen journalism, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, computer age, conceptual framework, crowdsourcing, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, don't be evil, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, global village, Google Earth, illegal immigration, invention of radio, invention of the printing press, invisible hand, John Markoff, John von Neumann, Marshall McLuhan, Mitch Kapor, Naomi Klein, Network effects, new economy, New Urbanism, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, peer-to-peer, pirate software, pre–internet, Productivity paradox, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Sinatra Doctrine, Skype, Slavoj Žižek, social graph, Steve Jobs, technoutopianism, The Wisdom of Crowds, urban planning, Washington Consensus, WikiLeaks, women in the workforce

Global Voices, December 29, 2009. globalvoicesonline.org/2009/12/29/palestine-twitter-accused-of-silencing-gaza-tribute/. Jaeger, P. T., J. Lin, J. M. Grimes, and S. N. Simmons. “Where Is the Cloud? Geography, Economics, Environment, and Jurisdiction in Cloud Computing.” First Monday 14, no. 5 (2009). Jakobsen, P. V. “Focus on the CNN Effect Misses the Point: The Real Media Impact on Conflict Management Is Invisible and Indirect.” Journal of Peace Research 37, no. 2 (2000): 131. Jenkins, Henry. “The Chinese Columbine.” Technology Review, August 2, 2002. www.technologyreview.com/read_article.aspx?id=12913&ch=infotech. Johnson, D. G. “Is the Global Information Infrastructure a Democratic Technology?” Readings in Cyberethics 18 (2004): 121. Katz, J. E., and C. H. Lai. “News Blogging in Cross-Cultural Contexts: A Report on the Struggle for Voice.” Knowledge, Technology & Policy 22, no. 2 (2009): 95-107. Kenner, David.


pages: 441 words: 135,176

The Edifice Complex: How the Rich and Powerful--And Their Architects--Shape the World by Deyan Sudjic

Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, British Empire, call centre, colonial rule, Columbine, cuban missile crisis, dematerialisation, Deng Xiaoping, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Donald Trump, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute couture, haute cuisine, megastructure, Mikhail Gorbachev, new economy, New Urbanism, oil shock, Peter Eisenman, Ronald Reagan, Socratic dialogue, urban planning, urban renewal, V2 rocket, Victor Gruen

Clinton said, “Will you do one of those napkin sketches, you architects do?”’Polshek told him they are apocryphal. ‘But we do them sometimes, Mr President.’ Polshek wasn’t going to risk letting the job slip out of his hands by limiting himself to just one sketch. He and his partner worked on three different designs, drew them up, and built three detailed models to explain them to an audience unfamiliar with architectural drawings. ‘We presented on the night of the Columbine massacre. He was late, which was unusual. He came in very agitated and red eyed. His first words; “Here as we speak, they are killing our children.” He gave us 45 minutes in the map room.’ Polshek advised against the greenfield site the city had offered. It was too obvious and too easy. ‘We ended up on brownfield railroad land that could act as a catalyst for development.’ It’s a site littered with industrial history: the Union Pacific and the Rock Island lines both crossed the river here.


pages: 493 words: 139,845

Women Leaders at Work: Untold Tales of Women Achieving Their Ambitions by Elizabeth Ghaffari

Albert Einstein, AltaVista, business cycle, business process, cloud computing, Columbine, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, dark matter, family office, Fellow of the Royal Society, financial independence, follow your passion, glass ceiling, Grace Hopper, high net worth, knowledge worker, Long Term Capital Management, longitudinal study, performance metric, pink-collar, profit maximization, profit motive, recommendation engine, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, thinkpad, trickle-down economics, urban planning, women in the workforce, young professional

All six of the states in the Tenth Circuit, plus the federal government, had the death penalty, so we got a fair amount of capital litigation. __________ 3 “Hearing Her Story: Reflections of Women Judges,” see: http://law.pepperdine.edu/newsevents/events/hearing-her-story/ When I was in the circuit, there were a lot of tragedies—horrible things happened. We had the Oklahoma City bombing, the Los Alamos Labs case, and the Columbine case, to name just a few. Even so, it felt as if the time went by in an instant. Ghaffari: When you were on the American Bar Association's Commission on Women in the Profession, what was that experience like? Tacha: That was from 1987 to about 1993 or 1994. Hillary Clinton chaired that commission. That was an unforgettable experience because it was the first time the ABA ever looked at these issues.


pages: 427 words: 30,920

The Autoimmune Connection by Rita Baron-Faust, Jill Buyon

Columbine, mouse model, placebo effect, randomized controlled trial, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), stem cell

The Arthritis Bible: A Comprehensive Guide to Alternative Therapies and Conventional Treatments for Arthritic Diseases, Leonid Gordon and Craig Weatherby, 1999, Healing Arts Press, Rochester, VT. The Arthritis Foundation’s Guide to Alternative Therapies, Judith Horstman, 1998, Arthritis Foundation, Atlanta. The Duke University Book of Arthritis, David S. Pisetsky, MD, PhD, and Susan Flamholtz Trien, 1992, Fawcett Columbine, New York. The Rheumatoid Arthritis Handbook, Stephen Paget, MD, Michael Lockshin, MD, and Susanne Loebl, 2002, John Wiley & Sons, New York. Autoimmune Hepatitis Dr. Melissa Palmer’s Guide to Hepatitis and Liver Disease: What You Need to Know, Melissa Palmer, MD, 2000, Avery, New York. Autoimmunity At War Within: The Double-Edged Sword of Immunity, William R. Clark, PhD, 1995, Oxford University Press, Inc., New York.


pages: 692 words: 127,032

Fool Me Twice: Fighting the Assault on Science in America by Shawn Lawrence Otto

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, anthropic principle, Berlin Wall, Brownian motion, carbon footprint, Cepheid variable, clean water, Climategate, Climatic Research Unit, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, commoditize, cosmological constant, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, Dean Kamen, desegregation, different worldview, double helix, energy security, Exxon Valdez, fudge factor, ghettoisation, global pandemic, Harlow Shapley and Heber Curtis, Harvard Computers: women astronomers, informal economy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Louis Pasteur, mutually assured destruction, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, shareholder value, sharing economy, smart grid, Solar eclipse in 1919, stem cell, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, transaction costs, University of East Anglia, War on Poverty, white flight, Winter of Discontent, working poor, yellow journalism, zero-sum game

In April of 2002, then-House majority whip Tom DeLay (R-TX) quoted the evangelical Christian authors of a 1999 book when he told a Texas church group, “Only Christianity offers a comprehensive worldview that covers all areas of life and thought, every aspect of creation.”†20 DeLay, who would soon become House majority leader, said he wanted to promote “a biblical worldview” in American politics.21 “Our entire system is built on the Judeo-Christian ethic, but it fell apart when we started denying God,” he had said in 2001.22 After the 1999 Columbine school shootings, he gave a speech on the House floor in which he sarcastically suggested the tragedy “couldn’t have been because our school systems teach our children that they are nothing but glorified apes who have evolutionized out of some primordial soup of mud, by teaching evolution as fact.”23 Ironically, DeLay’s bachelor of science degree, from the University of Houston, is in biology.


pages: 393 words: 127,312

Gotta Get Theroux This: My Life and Strange Times in Television by Louis Theroux

Burning Man, Columbine, East Village, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, index card, Potemkin village, Silicon Valley, the market place

‘Yes,’ he replied. ‘And is there a new name?’ ‘Yes. Well, like I said, before I was Alex Wright. Now I am Alexander Wright.’ He was there to give his new ‘Alexander Wright’ character a soft launch, not by wrestling but by walking the aisles and the ringside, creating a buzz around the new identity, ‘Achtung! Achtung! Alexander Wright!’ he exclaimed. (Sadly, I later heard that the news of the Columbine School shooting – and the negative association around trench coats – put paid to the ‘Alexander Wright’ identity.) The show was an extravaganza of ultra-muscular men in boots, slamming and swinging one another around the ring and tumbling over ropes. A study in paradoxical violence, it was a ludicrous simulation of combat that was at the same time extremely dangerous. I don’t like to think about the amount of concussion that was sustained.


pages: 466 words: 146,982

Venice: A New History by Thomas F. Madden

big-box store, buy low sell high, centre right, colonial rule, Columbine, Costa Concordia, double entry bookkeeping, facts on the ground, financial innovation, indoor plumbing, invention of movable type, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Murano, Venice glass, spice trade, trade route, upwardly mobile, urban planning

Fifteenth-century Venice had seen the invention of the commedia dell’arte, a decidedly lowbrow entertainment in which a troupe of actors performed an improvisational comedy using stock characters that the audience knew well. Most such comedies revolved around a pair of lovers thwarted by an old man who eventually married with the help of a wise and witty servant. The actors wore masks that clearly defined their roles: Harlequin, a clever, humorous rake; Pantalone, a greedy, hook-nosed old miser; Columbine, the beautiful love interest; and so on. The story was, in any case, unimportant. The crowds gathered to see the acrobatic slapstick, hear the music, and laugh at the dirty jokes. And since the entire play was improvised, it was worth attending more than once. Beginning in 1738 the Venetian playwright Carlo Goldoni cleaned up the commedia dell’arte and brought it into the theaters for the amusement of the tourists and Venetian nobles.


pages: 470 words: 144,455

Secrets and Lies: Digital Security in a Networked World by Bruce Schneier

Ayatollah Khomeini, barriers to entry, business process, butterfly effect, cashless society, Columbine, defense in depth, double entry bookkeeping, fault tolerance, game design, IFF: identification friend or foe, John von Neumann, knapsack problem, MITM: man-in-the-middle, moral panic, mutually assured destruction, pez dispenser, pirate software, profit motive, Richard Feynman, risk tolerance, Silicon Valley, Simon Singh, slashdot, statistical model, Steve Ballmer, Steven Levy, the payments system, Y2K, Yogi Berra

This type of attack is relatively new in the digital world: A few years ago, computer hacks weren’t considered newsworthy, and I can’t think of any other technology in history that people would try to break simply to get their names in the paper. In the physical world, this attack is ancient:The man who burned down the Temple of Artemis in ancient Greece did so because he wanted his name to be remembered forever. (His name was Herostratus, by the way.) More recently, the kids who shot up Columbine High School wanted infamy. Most attackers of this type are hackers:skilled individuals who know a lot about systems and their security. They often have access to significant resources, either as students of large universities or as employees of large companies. They usually don’t have a lot of money, but sometimes have a lot of time. Furthermore, they are not likely to do anything that will put them in jail; the idea is publicity, not incarceration.


pages: 514 words: 152,903

The Best Business Writing 2013 by Dean Starkman

Asperger Syndrome, bank run, Basel III, call centre, clean water, cloud computing, collateralized debt obligation, Columbine, computer vision, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, crowdsourcing, Erik Brynjolfsson, eurozone crisis, Exxon Valdez, factory automation, fixed income, full employment, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, hiring and firing, hydraulic fracturing, income inequality, jimmy wales, job automation, John Markoff, Kickstarter, late fees, London Whale, low skilled workers, Mahatma Gandhi, market clearing, Maui Hawaii, Menlo Park, Occupy movement, oil shale / tar sands, Parag Khanna, Pareto efficiency, price stability, Ray Kurzweil, Silicon Valley, Skype, sovereign wealth fund, stakhanovite, Stanford prison experiment, Steve Jobs, Stuxnet, the payments system, too big to fail, Vanguard fund, wage slave, Y2K, zero-sum game

He has covered the Federal Reserve, fixed-income markets, telecommunications, and antitrust and currently reports on European monetary and economic policy. PATRICIA CALLAHAN is an investigative reporter on the Chicago Tribune’s Watchdog Team and was part of a team that won the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting. Before joining the Tribune in 2006, she was a beat reporter at the Wall Street Journal in Chicago. She shared a Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting for coverage of the Columbine High School shootings. She graduated from Northwestern University’s Medill School of Journalism. THOMAS CATAN is a staff reporter in the Washington bureau of the Wall Street Journal covering the Justice Department and legal affairs. He joined the paper in October 2008 as the correspondent in Madrid. Mr. Catan had previously reported for the Times of London and was energy correspondent and an investigative reporter for the Financial Times.


pages: 331 words: 60,536

The Sovereign Individual: How to Survive and Thrive During the Collapse of the Welfare State by James Dale Davidson, Rees Mogg

affirmative action, agricultural Revolution, bank run, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, borderless world, British Empire, California gold rush, clean water, colonial rule, Columbine, compound rate of return, creative destruction, Danny Hillis, debt deflation, ending welfare as we know it, epigenetics, Fall of the Berlin Wall, falling living standards, feminist movement, financial independence, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, full employment, George Gilder, Hernando de Soto, illegal immigration, income inequality, informal economy, information retrieval, Isaac Newton, Kevin Kelly, market clearing, Martin Wolf, Menlo Park, money: store of value / unit of account / medium of exchange, new economy, New Urbanism, Norman Macrae, offshore financial centre, Parkinson's law, pattern recognition, phenotype, price mechanism, profit maximization, rent-seeking, reserve currency, road to serfdom, Ronald Coase, Sam Peltzman, school vouchers, seigniorage, Silicon Valley, spice trade, statistical model, telepresence, The Nature of the Firm, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, Thomas Malthus, trade route, transaction costs, Turing machine, union organizing, very high income, Vilfredo Pareto

., pp.140, 142. 27. Billig, op. cit., p.27. 28. Tilly, Coercion, Capital, and European States, p.22. 29. Langins, op. cit., p.143. 30. Ibid., p.139. 31. See Rheal Seguin, "PQ Ready to Harden Laws on Language: English Signs Face Ban in Quebec," Globe and Mail, August 29, 1996, p. Al. 32. Billig, op. cit., p.35. 33. Jack Weatherford, Savages and Civilization.' Who Will Survive? (New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1994), p.143. 34. Geofftey Parker and Lesley M. Smith, The General Crisis of the Seventeenth Century (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1985), p.122. 35. Weatherford, op. cit., p.144. 36. Anderson, op. cit., p.90. 37. Ibid., p.91. 38. Ibid. 39. E H. Kantorowicz, quoted by Llobera, op. cit., p.83. 40. Billig, op. cit., p.175. 41. Ibid., p.109. 42. Shaw and Wong, op. cit., pp. 26~27. 43. Pierre Van Den Berghe, "A Socio-Biological Perspective," in Hutchinson and Smith, eds., Nationalism, p.97. 44. ibid. 45.


Poking a Dead Frog: Conversations With Today's Top Comedy Writers by Mike Sacks

Bernie Madoff, Columbine, hive mind, index card, iterative process, Norman Mailer, period drama, Ponzi scheme, pre–internet, Saturday Night Live, Upton Sinclair

Together or separately? Writing down jokes? Pitching them out loud? It’s frantic. It’s chaos. It makes the fall of Saigon look tame. It’s all happening so, so quickly. My favorite example is from 2003, when Steve was hosting. Now, this goes back to something happening just before the commercial break that you can work off of. Michael Moore had won for Best Documentary Feature for Bowling for Columbine, and he made a speech against the second Gulf war. Some in the audience booed, but we also noticed that some of the stagehands started booing him, too. When we returned from commercial break, Steve came out and said, “It’s so sweet backstage, you should have seen it. The Teamsters are helping Michael Moore into the trunk of his limo.” That was a joke that we came up with in the wings. Who are you writing for?


The Hero With a Thousand Faces by Joseph Campbell

affirmative action, Columbine, game design, Lao Tzu, Maui Hawaii, music of the spheres, place-making, the scientific method, trade route

I have seen too, from years of teaching sections of Campbell's work and the work of other writers concerned with spiritual and mythic life to high-school students, that, as it has ever been, the psyche cannot awaken to deeper motifs and grasp these all by itself. Most recently, while fulfilling a three-year commitment to teach and assist verv dear, very smart, and tough young people recovering from the massacre at Columbine High School, I noted once again, often within just a few pages of focusing on the language and concepts of any ancient mythic journey, that even the badly injured can regain hope to restore their hearts. They are thus inspired to find new energy for their torn spirits, tying these matters to the spiritual belief-systems they have already, or seeking out new systems that make sense to them at the soul level.


pages: 592 words: 152,445

The Woman Who Smashed Codes: A True Story of Love, Spies, and the Unlikely Heroine Who Outwitted America's Enemies by Jason Fagone

Albert Einstein, Charles Lindbergh, Columbine, cuban missile crisis, Drosophila, Edward Snowden, en.wikipedia.org, Fellow of the Royal Society, index card, Internet Archive, pattern recognition, Robert Gordon, Ronald Reagan, side project, Silicon Valley, X Prize

They hadn’t told their friends about the twenty-five-year milestone but somehow the secret leaked, and that evening, to their delight, colleagues and friends knocked on their door, offering silver-anniversary gifts. Fred and Claire Barkley brought a sterling silver round sandwich tray; Jean Chase Ramsay wore a stunning silver dinner gown; Stub and Enid Perkins appeared with an array of flowers in a glass bowl, yellow and blue and white irises, blue delphinium, flame-colored columbine, white gypsophila. To these Elizebeth added pink and yellow roses she thought to pluck from her own rosebushes, and some white and yellow honeysuckle, too, and by the time the next-door neighbor brought two huge armfuls of his own scarlet roses, the house was dizzy with fragrance. All day long, telegrams of congratulations arrived from friends near and far. Two of the telegrams were jokes written by William, notifying Elizebeth that she had been awarded an honorary A.B. degree from the Sorbonne, “Artiste de Boudoir,” and also a D.S.M. from Harvard, “Doctor of Successful Marriage.”


pages: 524 words: 155,947

More: The 10,000-Year Rise of the World Economy by Philip Coggan

"Robert Solow", accounting loophole / creative accounting, Ada Lovelace, agricultural Revolution, Airbnb, airline deregulation, Andrei Shleifer, anti-communist, assortative mating, autonomous vehicles, bank run, banking crisis, banks create money, basic income, Berlin Wall, Bob Noyce, Branko Milanovic, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business cycle, call centre, capital controls, carbon footprint, Carmen Reinhart, Celtic Tiger, central bank independence, Charles Lindbergh, clean water, collective bargaining, Columbian Exchange, Columbine, Corn Laws, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, crony capitalism, currency peg, debt deflation, Deng Xiaoping, discovery of the americas, Donald Trump, Erik Brynjolfsson, European colonialism, eurozone crisis, falling living standards, financial innovation, financial intermediation, floating exchange rates, Fractional reserve banking, Frederick Winslow Taylor, full employment, germ theory of disease, German hyperinflation, gig economy, Gini coefficient, global supply chain, global value chain, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, Haber-Bosch Process, Hans Rosling, Hernando de Soto, hydraulic fracturing, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, income inequality, income per capita, indoor plumbing, industrial robot, inflation targeting, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, job automation, John Snow's cholera map, joint-stock company, joint-stock limited liability company, Kenneth Arrow, Kula ring, labour market flexibility, land reform, land tenure, Lao Tzu, large denomination, liquidity trap, Long Term Capital Management, Louis Blériot, low cost airline, low skilled workers, lump of labour, M-Pesa, Malcom McLean invented shipping containers, manufacturing employment, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Martin Wolf, McJob, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, mittelstand, moral hazard, Murano, Venice glass, Myron Scholes, Nelson Mandela, Network effects, Northern Rock, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, Paul Samuelson, popular capitalism, popular electronics, price stability, principal–agent problem, profit maximization, purchasing power parity, quantitative easing, railway mania, Ralph Nader, regulatory arbitrage, road to serfdom, Robert Gordon, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, savings glut, Scramble for Africa, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, South China Sea, South Sea Bubble, special drawing rights, spice trade, spinning jenny, Steven Pinker, TaskRabbit, Thales and the olive presses, Thales of Miletus, The Great Moderation, The inhabitant of London could order by telephone, sipping his morning tea in bed, the various products of the whole earth, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas Malthus, Thorstein Veblen, trade route, transaction costs, transatlantic slave trade, transcontinental railway, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, universal basic income, Unsafe at Any Speed, Upton Sinclair, V2 rocket, Veblen good, War on Poverty, Washington Consensus, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, women in the workforce, Yom Kippur War, zero-sum game

Libecap, eds, University of Chicago Press, 1994 —— “The role of World War II in the rise of women’s work”, NBER working paper 3203, https://www.nber.org/papers/w3203.pdf, 1991 Goldin, Claudia, and Margo, Robert “The great compression: the wage structure in the United States at mid-century”, NBER working paper 3817, https://www.nber.org/papers/w3817.pdf, 1991 Gollin, Douglas, Hansen, Casper Worm, and Wingender, Asger “Two blades of grass: the impact of the green revolution”, Centre for Economic Policy Research, November 2016 Gordon, John Steele The Business of America, Walker Books, 2001 Gordon, Robert The Rise and Fall of American Growth: The US Standard of Living since the Civil War, Princeton University Press, 2016 —— “The demise of US economic growth: restatement, rebuttal, and reflections”, NBER working paper 19895, 2014 Greenspan, Alan, and Wooldridge, Adrian Capitalism in America: A History, Allen Lane, 2018 Guendelsberger, Emily On the Clock: What Low-Wage Work Did to Me and How It Drives America Insane, Little, Brown and Company, 2019 Guest, Robert The Shackled Continent: Africa’s Past, Present and Future, Pan Macmillan, 2004 Haensch, Stephanie, et al. “Distinct clones of Yersinia pestis caused the Black Death”, PLOS Pathogens, October 7, 2010 Halberstam, David The Fifties, Fawcett Columbine, 1993 Hanawalt, Barbara The Ties That Bound: Peasant Families in Medieval England, Oxford University Press, 1986 Hansen, Valerie The Silk Road: A New History, Oxford University Press, 2012 Harari, Yuval Noah Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind, Vintage, 2015 Harford, Tim Fifty Things That Made the Modern Economy, Abacus, 2017 Harrison, Mark “The Economics of World War II: An Overview”, in Mark Harrison, ed., The Economics of World War II: Six Great Powers in International Comparison, Cambridge University Press, 1998 Haskel, Jonathan, and Westlake, Stian Capitalism Without Capital: The Rise of the Intangible Economy, Princeton University Press, 2017 Hatton, Timothy, and Williamson, Jeffrey Global Migration and the World Economy: Two Centuries of Policy and Performance, MIT Press, 2008 Heather, Peter “The Huns and the end of the Roman Empire in Western Europe”, The English Historical Review, vol. 110, no. 435, 1995 Heffer, Simon The Age of Decadence: Britain 1880 to 1914, Random House, 2017 Hellebrandt, Tomáš and Mauro, Paolo, “The future of worldwide income distribution”, working paper 15–7, Peterson Institute for International Economics, April 2015 Hobbes, Thomas Leviathan, Penguin Classics, 2016 (originally published in 1651) Hodkinson, Stephen “Female property ownership and status in Classical and Hellenistic Sparta”, University of Manchester, 2003 Hourani, Albert A History of the Arab Peoples, Faber & Faber, 2013 Hsu, Jinn-Yuh, and Cheng, Lu-Lin “Revisiting economic development in post-war Taiwan: the dynamic process of geographical industrialization”, Regional Studies, vol. 36, no. 8, 2002 Hu-Dehart, Evelyn “Chinese coolie labor in Cuba in the nineteenth century: free labour or neo-slavery?”


pages: 1,280 words: 384,105

The Best of Best New SF by Gardner R. Dozois

back-to-the-land, Buckminster Fuller, Burning Man, call centre, Columbine, congestion charging, dark matter, Doomsday Book, double helix, Extropian, gravity well, lateral thinking, Mason jar, offshore financial centre, out of africa, pattern recognition, phenotype, Silicon Valley, slashdot, Stephen Hawking, telepresence, Turing machine, Turing test, Winter of Discontent, Y2K, zero-sum game

His own proxy, the one he had cast upon arriving at the office that morning, appeared hovering next to Dr. Roth’s. Ben preferred a head shot only for his proxy, slightly larger than actual size to make it subtly imposing. “Why didn’t you inform me of Annie’s change of status?” “Didn’t seem like an emergency,” said his proxy, “at least in the light of our contract talks.” “Yah, yah, okay. Anything else?” said Ben. “Naw, slow day. Appointments with Jackson, Wells, and the Columbine. It’s all on the calendar.” “Fine, delete you.” The projection ceased. “Shall I have the doctor call you in the morning?” said the Roth proxy when Ben reanimated it. “Or perhaps you’d like me to summon her right now?” “Is she at dinner?” “At the moment, yes.” “Naw, don’t bother her. Tomorrow will be soon enough. I suppose.” After he dismissed the proxy, Ben poured himself another drink.

The guests hurried through the driving snow while the blue search beams of Burson’s ski patrols carved across the forests. Lidia sighed and turned from the windows, obedient finally to Nia’s anxious hope that she would dress. Stephen and Lidia went on picnics together when Belari was away from the fief. They would leave the great gray construct of Belari’s castle and walk carefully across the mountain meadows, Stephen always helping her, guiding her fragile steps through fields of daisies, columbine, and lupine until they peered down over sheer granite cliffs to the town far below. All about them glacier-sculpted peaks ringed the valley like giants squatting in council, their faces adorned with snow even in summer, like beards of wisdom. At the edge of the precipice, they ate a picnic lunch and Stephen told stories of the world before the fiefs, before Revitia made stars immortal. He said the country had been democratic.


pages: 571 words: 162,958

Rewired: The Post-Cyberpunk Anthology by James Patrick Kelly, John Kessel

back-to-the-land, Columbine, dark matter, Extropian, Firefox, gravity well, haute couture, Internet Archive, pattern recognition, phenotype, post-industrial society, price stability, Silicon Valley, slashdot, Stephen Hawking, technological singularity, telepresence, the scientific method, Turing test, urban renewal, Vernor Vinge, wage slave, Y2K, zero day

His own proxy, the one he had cast upon arriving at the office that morning, appeared hovering next to Dr. Roth’s. Ben preferred a head shot only for his proxy, slightly larger than actual size to make it subtly imposing. “Why didn’t you inform me of Annie’s change of status?” “Didn’t seem like an emergency,” said his proxy, “at least in the light of our contract talks.” “Yah, yah, okay. Anything else?” said Ben. “Naw, slow day. Appointments with Jackson, Wells, and the Columbine. It’s all on the calendar.” “Fine, delete you.” The projection ceased. “Shall I have the doctor call you in the morning?” said the Roth proxy when Ben reanimated it. “Or perhaps you’d like me to summon her right now?” “Is she at dinner?” “At the moment, yes.” “Naw, don’t bother her. Tomorrow will be soon enough. I suppose.” After he dismissed the proxy, Ben poured himself another drink.


pages: 836 words: 158,284

The 4-Hour Body: An Uncommon Guide to Rapid Fat-Loss, Incredible Sex, and Becoming Superhuman by Timothy Ferriss

23andMe, airport security, Albert Einstein, Black Swan, Buckminster Fuller, carbon footprint, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, correlation does not imply causation, Dean Kamen, game design, Gary Taubes, index card, Kevin Kelly, knowledge economy, life extension, lifelogging, Mahatma Gandhi, microbiome, p-value, Parkinson's law, Paul Buchheit, placebo effect, Productivity paradox, publish or perish, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Feynman, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, stem cell, Steve Jobs, survivorship bias, Thorstein Veblen, Vilfredo Pareto, wage slave, William of Occam

John Romano and Dave Palumbo, on the other hand, have been on the inside of professional bodybuilding and physique enhancement for decades. Both have seen the best and the worst outcomes in athletic chemical warfare. RXMuscle is where you can ask professionals your questions related to AAS and other performance-enhancing drugs (PED). Bigger, Stronger, Faster DVD (www.fourhourbody.com/bigger) From the producers of Bowling for Columbine and Fahrenheit 9/11, this outstanding documentary explores steroid use in the biggest, strongest, fastest country in the world: America. The cast of characters ranges from Carl Lewis and MDs to Louis Simmons of Westside Barbell. It has an astounding 96% positive rating on rottentomatoes.com. Medibolics (www.medibolics.com) This site, published by Michael Mooney, provides a wealth of information on the medical use of anabolic steroids, growth hormone, and unorthodox supplementation for the prevention of lean-tissue loss in persons with muscle-wasting diseases, including HIV.


pages: 522 words: 162,310

Fantasyland: How America Went Haywire: A 500-Year History by Kurt Andersen

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, animal electricity, anti-communist, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, augmented reality, back-to-the-land, Bernie Sanders, British Empire, Burning Man, California gold rush, Celebration, Florida, centre right, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, corporate governance, Credit Default Swap, David Brooks, delayed gratification, dematerialisation, disintermediation, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, Donner party, Downton Abbey, Edward Snowden, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, failed state, Ferguson, Missouri, God and Mammon, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, high net worth, illegal immigration, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, John von Neumann, Kickstarter, large denomination, Mark Zuckerberg, market fundamentalism, McMansion, Mikhail Gorbachev, Minecraft, moral panic, mutually assured destruction, new economy, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, placebo effect, pre–internet, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, smart meter, Snapchat, South Sea Bubble, Steve Jobs, Ted Kaczynski, the scientific method, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, trade route, transcontinental railway, urban renewal, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks, Y2K, young professional

And I loved that the game transformed me when I was in its world, made me feel actually scared (the adrenaline) and actually as sharp as Bond (the dopamine), in ways that reading a novel or watching a movie generally don’t. I played with my daughters, who were seven and nine at the time, each of us taking turns playing different characters. I called it quits after two years, however, because the Columbine massacre made our father-daughter pleasure in shooting and killing each other feel less fun. The strictly children’s hobby of collecting and trading baseball cards became a primarily adult thing in the 1980s, the same time that Rotisserie League Baseball was invented and became the prototype for fantasy sports. By 1988, there were half a million U.S. fantasy sports players. In any earlier era, to spend hundreds of hours a year on an elaborate game of make-believe—I’m a team owner, buying and selling players—would’ve been unthinkable for anyone but children.


pages: 634 words: 185,116

From eternity to here: the quest for the ultimate theory of time by Sean M. Carroll

Albert Einstein, Albert Michelson, anthropic principle, Arthur Eddington, Brownian motion, cellular automata, Claude Shannon: information theory, Columbine, cosmic microwave background, cosmological constant, cosmological principle, dark matter, dematerialisation, double helix, en.wikipedia.org, gravity well, Harlow Shapley and Heber Curtis, Henri Poincaré, Isaac Newton, Johannes Kepler, John von Neumann, Lao Tzu, Laplace demon, lone genius, low earth orbit, New Journalism, Norbert Wiener, pets.com, Pierre-Simon Laplace, Richard Feynman, Richard Stallman, Schrödinger's Cat, Slavoj Žižek, Stephen Hawking, stochastic process, the scientific method, wikimedia commons

Chaisson, E. J. Cosmic Evolution: The Rise of Complexity in Nature. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001. Christenson, J. H., Cronin, J. W., Fitch, V. L., and Turlay, R. “Evidence for the 2π Decay of the K20 Meson.” Physical Review Letters 13 (1964): 138-40. Coveney, P., and Highfield, R. The Arrow of Time: A Voyage Through Science to Solve Time’s Greatest Mystery. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1990. Crick, F. What Mad Pursuit: A Personal View of Scientific Discovery. New York: Basic Books, 1990. Cutler, C. “Global Structure of Gott’s Two-String Spacetime.” Physical Review D 45 (1992): 487-94. Danielson, D. R., ed. The Book of the Cosmos: Imagining the Universe from Heraclitus to Hawking. Cambridge: Perseus Books, 2000. Darwin, C. On the Origin of Species. London: John Murray, 1859.


pages: 812 words: 180,057

The Generals: American Military Command From World War II to Today by Thomas E. Ricks

affirmative action, airport security, amateurs talk tactics, professionals talk logistics, Charles Lindbergh, Columbine, continuation of politics by other means, cuban missile crisis, hiring and firing, MITM: man-in-the-middle, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, South China Sea, Yom Kippur War

“firepower became the dominant characteristic”: Doughty, “Evolution of US Army Tactical Doctrine,” 38. when one Vietnamese sniper: Charles Krohn, The Lost Battalion of Tet: Breakout of the 2/12th Cavalry at Hue (Pocket Star, 2008), 149. saw a battalion commander call in air strikes: Michael Lee Lanning and Dan Cragg, Inside the VC and the NVA: The Real Story of North Vietnam’s Armed Forces (Fawcett Columbine, 1992), 221. On one day alone: George MacGarrigle, Taking the Offensive: October 1966 to October 1967 (U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1998), 56. “With one salvo” . . . “they could not control”: Stuart Herrington, e-mail message to author, November 21, 2011; see also Stuart Herrington, Silence Was a Weapon: The Vietnam War in the Villages (Ballantine, 1987), 43. “over 675 sightings”: Harry Maurer, Strange Ground: An Oral History of Americans in Vietnam, 1945–1975 (Avon, 1990), 457.


pages: 684 words: 188,584

The Age of Radiance: The Epic Rise and Dramatic Fall of the Atomic Era by Craig Nelson

Albert Einstein, Brownian motion, Charles Lindbergh, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, continuation of politics by other means, corporate governance, cuban missile crisis, dark matter, Doomsday Clock, El Camino Real, Ernest Rutherford, failed state, Henri Poincaré, hive mind, Isaac Newton, John von Neumann, Louis Pasteur, low earth orbit, Menlo Park, Mikhail Gorbachev, music of the spheres, mutually assured destruction, nuclear winter, oil shale / tar sands, Project Plowshare, Ralph Nader, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, Skype, Stuxnet, technoutopianism, too big to fail, uranium enrichment, William Langewiesche, éminence grise

” Oppenheimer did everything he could to get his friend Isidor Rabi to join, but Rabi, like Meitner, refused, telling Oppenheimer that he did not want to make “the culmination of three centuries of physics” a horrible weapon. He did not believe in bombs, feeling that they killed both the innocent and the guilty, and continued his work on radar at Columbia. He did, however, travel to the Los Alamos sporadically to offer advice as a visiting consultant, as did Einstein. North-central New Mexico is today as green as any artificially irrigated desert in the world, but during World War II it was home to columbines, gentians, ponderosa, aspens, indifferent porcupines, tender marmot, determined badger, and fearless skunk. Ruth Marshak: “Behind us lay the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, at sunset bathed in changing waves of colors—scarlets and lavenders. Below was the desert with its flatness broken by majestic palisades that seemed like the ruined cathedrals and palaces of some old, great, vanished race. Ahead was Los Alamos, and beyond the flat plateau on which it sat was its backdrop, the Jemez Mountain Range.


pages: 613 words: 181,605

Circle of Greed: The Spectacular Rise and Fall of the Lawyer Who Brought Corporate America to Its Knees by Patrick Dillon, Carl M. Cannon

accounting loophole / creative accounting, affirmative action, Bernie Madoff, buy and hold, collective bargaining, Columbine, computer age, corporate governance, corporate raider, desegregation, energy security, estate planning, Exxon Valdez, fear of failure, fixed income, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, illegal immigration, index fund, John Markoff, mandatory minimum, margin call, Maui Hawaii, money market fund, new economy, oil shale / tar sands, Ponzi scheme, Ralph Nader, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Steve Jobs, the High Line, the market place, white picket fence, Works Progress Administration, zero-sum game

They also offered to reimburse Vogel the $10,000, provided they won the case. Then they told him to get an intermediary lawyer, which he did. The class action lawsuit, Howard J. Vogel v. Valero Energy, was filed in San Antonio on August 20, 1991. Vogel recruited Gary Lozow, his fraternity brother at Indiana University, to be his go-between. Lozow was practicing criminal law in Denver. (He would later represent the family of Columbine killer Dylan Klebold.) Like Paul Selzer, Lozow had never represented members of a class action securities claim. Two months from filing the lawsuit, Bershad sent Lozow a retainer agreement, promising to pay him 14 percent of its Valero fee, should it earn a jury award or settlement. Two months later, the case settled for nearly $20 million. Milberg Weiss collected $4.75 million for its work on the lawsuit.


Frommer's England 2011: With Wales by Darwin Porter, Danforth Prince

airport security, British Empire, carbon footprint, centre right, Columbine, congestion charging, double helix, Edmond Halley, George Santayana, haute couture, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Murano, Venice glass, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, Skype, Sloane Ranger, spinning jenny, Stephen Hawking, sustainable-tourism, the market place, University of East Anglia, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, young professional

The place is especially popular during the town’s annual music festivals; it sometimes prepares pre- and post-theater suppers. Menu items are straightforward and unpretentious, but fresh and flavorful, served in a bistro-style setting. Some of the best items are likely to include baked saddle of monkfish with a fresh crab risotto, filet of wild sea bass with stir-fried noodles, or sautéed filets of red mullet with tiger prawns in a light basil-and-white-wine sauce, a specialty. Columbine Restaurant 7 Hall Bank. & 01298/78752. www.buxtononline.net/columbine. Reservations recommended. Main courses £11–£15. MC, V. May–Oct Mon–Sat 7–10pm; Nov–Apr Wed–Mon 7–10pm. SEEING THE SIGHTS Water from nine thermal wells is no longer available for spa treatments, but you can visit the 9.3-hectare (23-acre) Pavilion Gardens, St. John’s Road (& 01298/23114; www.paviliongardens.co.uk). The gardens themselves are open at all times (free admission).


pages: 612 words: 200,406

The Last Spike: The Great Railway, 1881-1885 by Pierre Berton

banking crisis, business climate, California gold rush, centre right, Columbine, financial independence, God and Mammon, Khartoum Gordon, mass immigration, transcontinental railway, unbiased observer, young professional

This was three more miles of railway than Van Horne had counted on; it took nine and a half miles to reach the level of the stream four miles from the summit. But it was necessary to avoid the snowslides. For the future tourists, swaying down this dramatic slope from the vantage point of an observation car in what was shortly to become Glacier National Park, the experience would be electrifying – the awesome cedars rising like great pillars from the thick beds of ferns, the mountainsides sprinkled with wild columbine and pigeonberry, the glittering ice-fields, the sword points of the mountain peaks, the cataracts pouring off the cliffs as airily as wood-smoke, and the shining track coiling through the dark cuts and over the slender bridges on its journey to the Columbia. This was the same trail, bestrewn with devil’s club and skunk cabbage, that Major Rogers and his nephew Albert had toiled up on their voyage of discovery in 1881, that Fleming and Grant, badly lacerated from thorns, had managed to negotiate in 1883, and that a hungry Van Horne had struggled over in 1884.


pages: 1,445 words: 469,426

The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money & Power by Daniel Yergin

anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, bank run, Berlin Wall, British Empire, colonial exploitation, Columbine, continuation of politics by other means, cuban missile crisis, do-ocracy, energy security, European colonialism, Exxon Valdez, financial independence, fudge factor, informal economy, joint-stock company, land reform, liberal capitalism, megacity, Mikhail Gorbachev, Monroe Doctrine, new economy, North Sea oil, oil rush, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, old-boy network, postnationalism / post nation state, price stability, RAND corporation, rent-seeking, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Thomas Malthus, Yom Kippur War

Boone Pickens, "The Restructuring of the Domestic Oil and Gas Industry," in Yergin and Kates-Garnick, Reshaping of the Oil Industry, pp. 60-61. [7] Interviews with Jesus Silva Herzog and Patrick Connolly ("eating our lunch"); Fausto Alzati, "Oil and Debt: Mexico's Double Challenge," Cambridge Energy Research Associates Report, June 1987; Philip L. Zweig, Belly Up: The Collapse of the Penn Square Bank (New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1986), pp. 198-99 (Gucci loafers); William Greider, Secrets of the Temple: How the Federal Reserve Runs the Country (New York: Touchstone, 1989), pp. 518-25 ("bank to beat"), 628-31; Mark Singer, Funny Money (New York: Knopf, 1985). [8] Wall Street Journal, September 15, 1983, p. 1; December 5, 1983, p. 60; April 19, 1984, p. 1; Interviews with Richard Bray and P. I. Walters. [9] Thomas Petzinger, Jr., Oil & Honor: The Texaco-Pennzoil Wars (New York: Putnam, 1987); Steve Coll, The Taking of Getty Oil (London: Unwin Hyman, 1988); Lenzer, Getty, pp. 331-38; Miller, House of Getty, pp. 331-46

The Mossadegh Era: Roots of the Iranian Revolution. Chicago: Lake View Press, 1982. Ziemke, Earl F. Stalingrad to Berlin: The German Defeat in the East. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army, Center of Military History, 1968. Zimmermann, Erich W. Conservation in the Production of Petroleum: A Study in Industrial Control. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1957. Zweig, Philip L. Belly Up: The Collapse of the Penn Square Bank. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1985. Data Sources American Petroleum Institute. Basic Petroleum Data Book. ---------. Petroleum Facts and Figures: Centennial Edition, 1959. New York: API, 1959. Arthur Andersen & Co. and Cambridge Energy Research Associates. World Oil Trends. ---------. Natural Gas Trends. ---------. Electric Power Trends. British Petroleum. Statistical Review of the World Oil Industry. 1955-80. ---------.


pages: 669 words: 210,153

Tools of Titans: The Tactics, Routines, and Habits of Billionaires, Icons, and World-Class Performers by Timothy Ferriss

Airbnb, Alexander Shulgin, artificial general intelligence, asset allocation, Atul Gawande, augmented reality, back-to-the-land, Ben Horowitz, Bernie Madoff, Bertrand Russell: In Praise of Idleness, Black Swan, blue-collar work, Boris Johnson, Buckminster Fuller, business process, Cal Newport, call centre, Charles Lindbergh, Checklist Manifesto, cognitive bias, cognitive dissonance, Colonization of Mars, Columbine, commoditize, correlation does not imply causation, David Brooks, David Graeber, diversification, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, effective altruism, Elon Musk, fault tolerance, fear of failure, Firefox, follow your passion, future of work, Google X / Alphabet X, Howard Zinn, Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, Jeff Bezos, job satisfaction, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, John Markoff, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, Lao Tzu, lateral thinking, life extension, lifelogging, Mahatma Gandhi, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Mason jar, Menlo Park, Mikhail Gorbachev, MITM: man-in-the-middle, Nelson Mandela, Nicholas Carr, optical character recognition, PageRank, passive income, pattern recognition, Paul Graham, peer-to-peer, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, Peter Singer: altruism, Peter Thiel, phenotype, PIHKAL and TIHKAL, post scarcity, post-work, premature optimization, QWERTY keyboard, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ray Kurzweil, recommendation engine, rent-seeking, Richard Feynman, risk tolerance, Ronald Reagan, selection bias, sharing economy, side project, Silicon Valley, skunkworks, Skype, Snapchat, social graph, software as a service, software is eating the world, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, superintelligent machines, Tesla Model S, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas L Friedman, Wall-E, Washington Consensus, Whole Earth Catalog, Y Combinator, zero-sum game

(doc), Planet Earth (doc), Jiro Dreams of Sushi (doc) Palmer, Amanda: Alive Inside: A Story of Music and Memory (doc), Happy (doc), One More Time with Feeling (doc) Patrick, Rhonda: Happy People: A Year in the Taiga (doc), Planet Earth (doc) Paul, Caroline: Maidentrip (doc) Polanco, Martin: The Crash Reel (doc), Waste Land (doc), Lo and Behold: Reveries of the Connected World (doc) Poliquin, Charles: The Last Samurai, Gladiator, The Imitation Game, 22 Bullets. Also: The History Channel and documentaries from National Geographic, and Tarantino movies Potts, Rolf: Grizzly Man (doc) Reece, Gabby: Food Inc. (doc), Roger and Me (doc), Bowling for Columbine (doc), Crumb (doc) Richman, Jessica: The Edge Robbins, Tony: Inside Job (doc) Rogen, Seth: Pulp Fiction, Clerks, Rushmore, Bottle Rocket, Adaptation, The Princess Bride, Fawlty Towers (TV), Kids in the Hall (TV), Monty Python’s Flying Circus (TV), Second City Television (TV) Rose, Kevin: Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy, Inglourious Basterds, Food Inc. (doc) Rubin, Rick: 20,000 Days on Earth (doc) Sacca, Chris: The Big Lebowski Schwarzenegger, Arnold: Brooklyn Castle (doc) Sethi, Ramit: Jiro Dreams of Sushi (doc) Shinoda, Mike: House of Cards (TV), The Godfather, The Usual Suspects, Fight Club, Seven, Ninja Scroll, WALL-E, Princess Mononoke Silva, Jason: Inception, The Matrix, The Truman Show, Vanilla Sky, eXistenZ, The Beach, Maidentrip (doc) Sivers, Derek: Scott Pilgrim vs. the World Skenes, Joshua: Chef’s Table (TV) Sommer, Christopher: The Legend of Tarzan Spurlock, Morgan: Scanners, An American Werewolf in London, Making a Murderer (TV), Mr.


pages: 767 words: 208,933

Liberalism at Large: The World According to the Economist by Alex Zevin

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, affirmative action, anti-communist, Asian financial crisis, bank run, Berlin Wall, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business climate, business cycle, capital controls, centre right, Chelsea Manning, collective bargaining, Columbine, Corn Laws, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, creative destruction, credit crunch, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, debt deflation, desegregation, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial deregulation, financial innovation, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, full employment, Gini coefficient, global supply chain, hiring and firing, imperial preference, income inequality, interest rate derivative, invisible hand, John von Neumann, Joseph Schumpeter, Julian Assange, Khartoum Gordon, land reform, liberal capitalism, liberal world order, light touch regulation, Long Term Capital Management, market bubble, Martin Wolf, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, Monroe Doctrine, Mont Pelerin Society, moral hazard, Naomi Klein, new economy, New Journalism, Norman Macrae, Northern Rock, Occupy movement, Philip Mirowski, plutocrats, Plutocrats, price stability, quantitative easing, race to the bottom, railway mania, rent control, rent-seeking, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Snapchat, Socratic dialogue, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, too big to fail, trade liberalization, trade route, unbanked and underbanked, underbanked, unorthodox policies, upwardly mobile, War on Poverty, WikiLeaks, Winter of Discontent, Yom Kippur War, young professional

Downing Street spin-doctors, ‘reconciling Britain to the Thatcher revolution, consolidating it, extending it’ meant ‘voters are happy, leading-thinkers are happy, everyone except the bewildered souls who believed in Old Labour are happy.’35 Never a favourite, always shown grinning dementedly for no reason, in 2001 and 2005 Blair got the Economist’s blessing: superimposing his smiling face onto Thatcher’s head – lipstick, earrings, coiffure – it advised readers, ‘Vote conservative’.36 Pushing Buttons Abroad Each tartly-worded leader and irreverent cover raised the circulation of the Economist, as well as its profile as intellectual maverick – above all in the US, where social issues became an index of its liberalism as such. In 1996 the paper came out for gay marriage, inflaming the religious right, though its reasons had little to do with romantic love: ‘single people were more likely to fall into the arms of the welfare state’, and marriage was a ‘great social stabiliser of men’.37 It repeatedly called for stricter gun laws, especially after the Columbine shooting in 1999, earning it the ire of America’s second amendment enthusiasts.38 Even ‘hard’ drugs ought to be legalized, it explained in 2001, with reference to the US, where one in four prisoners was locked up for minor drug offences. Had not John Stuart Mill written: ‘Over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign’?39 If it took safer lines on the death penalty and euthanasia, there was nothing circumspect about its political interventions.


pages: 2,323 words: 550,739

1,000 Places to See in the United States and Canada Before You Die, Updated Ed. by Patricia Schultz

Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, Bretton Woods, Burning Man, California gold rush, car-free, Charles Lindbergh, Columbine, Donald Trump, East Village, El Camino Real, estate planning, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Guggenheim Bilbao, Haight Ashbury, haute cuisine, indoor plumbing, interchangeable parts, Mars Rover, Mason jar, Maui Hawaii, Mikhail Gorbachev, Murano, Venice glass, Nelson Mandela, new economy, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, out of africa, Pepto Bismol, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, sexual politics, South of Market, San Francisco, The Chicago School, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, wage slave, white picket fence, Works Progress Administration, Yogi Berra, éminence grise

MOUNTAIN HOMEPLACE: Staffordsville. Tel 606-297-1850; www.mountainhomeplace.com. MOUNTAIN ARTS CENTER: Prestonsburg. Tel 888-622-2787 or 606-886-9125; www.macarts.com. An Unchanged Corner of the Appalachians CUMBERLAND GAP & DANIEL BOONE COUNTRY Kentucky Springtime is sublime in Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. The winding path to Pinnacle Overlook is awash in wildflowers—colorful columbine, bloodroot, and trillium. No less glorious are the second and third weeks of October, when the hazy mountainsides are ablaze in scarlet and gold foliage. And then there are all the months in between. Cumberland Gap, at 20,000 acres, is one of the largest national historic parks in America, part of an expanse of land in southeastern Kentucky near the Virginia and Tennessee borders, loosely known as Daniel Boone country.

In summer you can take the ski lift up Mount Crested Butte to access hair-raising downhill trails, while old mining roads wind through the national forest in every direction. The legendary 40-mile Pearl Pass that crests at 12,700 feet is only for the experienced and confident. Crested Butte is home to the Mountain Biking Hall of Fame and hosts the original Fat Tire Week in late June. Hiking, climbing, horseback riding, rafting, kayaking, and fishing are other summer options, and the unrivaled display of columbine and Indian paintbrush has earned the town the title “Wildflower Capital of Colorado” and spawned a special festival held in their honor every July. Crested Butte’s Maroon Avenue is home to lots of lively and quaint establishments. Once the snow starts falling, things really take off. Free shuttles run the 3 miles from town to the Crested Butte Mountain Resort and some of the steepest lift-served terrain in North America, with a separate trail guide for double-black-diamond runs.


pages: 1,034 words: 241,773

Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress by Steven Pinker

3D printing, access to a mobile phone, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, anti-communist, Anton Chekhov, Arthur Eddington, artificial general intelligence, availability heuristic, Ayatollah Khomeini, basic income, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Black Swan, Bonfire of the Vanities, business cycle, capital controls, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, carbon footprint, clean water, clockwork universe, cognitive bias, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, conceptual framework, correlation does not imply causation, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, dark matter, decarbonisation, deindustrialization, dematerialisation, demographic transition, Deng Xiaoping, distributed generation, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, Doomsday Clock, double helix, effective altruism, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, end world poverty, endogenous growth, energy transition, European colonialism, experimental subject, Exxon Valdez, facts on the ground, Fall of the Berlin Wall, first-past-the-post, Flynn Effect, food miles, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, frictionless, frictionless market, germ theory of disease, Gini coefficient, Hans Rosling, hedonic treadmill, helicopter parent, Hobbesian trap, humanitarian revolution, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, income inequality, income per capita, Indoor air pollution, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invention of writing, Jaron Lanier, Joan Didion, job automation, Johannes Kepler, John Snow's cholera map, Kevin Kelly, Khan Academy, knowledge economy, l'esprit de l'escalier, Laplace demon, life extension, long peace, longitudinal study, Louis Pasteur, Martin Wolf, mass incarceration, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Mikhail Gorbachev, minimum wage unemployment, moral hazard, mutually assured destruction, Naomi Klein, Nate Silver, Nathan Meyer Rothschild: antibiotics, Nelson Mandela, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, nuclear winter, obamacare, open economy, Paul Graham, peak oil, Peter Singer: altruism, Peter Thiel, precision agriculture, prediction markets, purchasing power parity, Ralph Nader, randomized controlled trial, Ray Kurzweil, rent control, Republic of Letters, Richard Feynman, road to serfdom, Robert Gordon, Rodney Brooks, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Rory Sutherland, Saturday Night Live, science of happiness, Scientific racism, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Simon Kuznets, Skype, smart grid, sovereign wealth fund, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steven Pinker, Stewart Brand, Stuxnet, supervolcano, technological singularity, Ted Kaczynski, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, the scientific method, The Signal and the Noise by Nate Silver, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Thomas Malthus, total factor productivity, union organizing, universal basic income, University of East Anglia, Unsafe at Any Speed, Upton Sinclair, uranium enrichment, urban renewal, War on Poverty, We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters, women in the workforce, working poor, World Values Survey, Y2K

The historical trends are elusive. Because “terrorism” is an elastic category, the trend lines look different depending on whether a dataset includes civil war crimes, multiple murders (which include robberies or mafia hits in which several victims are shot), or suicidal rampages in which the killer ranted about some political grievance beforehand. (The Global Terrorism Database, for example, includes the 1999 Columbine school massacre but not the 2012 Sandy Hook school massacre.) Also, mass killings are media-driven spectacles, in which coverage inspires copycats, so they can yo-yo up and down as one event inspires another until the novelty wears off for a while.7 In the United States, the number of “active shooter incidents” (public rampage killings with guns) has wobbled with an upward trend since 2000, though the number of “mass murders” (four or more deaths in an incident) shows no systematic change (if anything, it shows a slight decline) from 1976 to 2011.8 The per capita death rate from “terrorism incidents” is shown in figure 13-1, together with the messy trends for Western Europe and the world.


pages: 913 words: 265,787

How the Mind Works by Steven Pinker

affirmative action, agricultural Revolution, Alfred Russel Wallace, Buckminster Fuller, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, combinatorial explosion, complexity theory, computer age, computer vision, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, delayed gratification, double helix, experimental subject, feminist movement, four colour theorem, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, hedonic treadmill, Henri Poincaré, income per capita, information retrieval, invention of agriculture, invention of the wheel, Johannes Kepler, John von Neumann, lake wobegon effect, lateral thinking, Machine translation of "The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak." to Russian and back, Mikhail Gorbachev, Murray Gell-Mann, mutually assured destruction, Necker cube, out of africa, pattern recognition, phenotype, plutocrats, Plutocrats, random walk, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, Rubik’s Cube, Saturday Night Live, scientific worldview, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, sexual politics, social intelligence, Steven Pinker, theory of mind, Thorstein Veblen, Turing machine, urban decay, Yogi Berra

Hierarchy, history, and human nature: The social origins of historical consciousness. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. Brown, D. E. 1991. Human universals. New York: McGraw-Hill. Brown, R. 1985. Social psychology: The second edition. New York: Free Press. Brown, R., & Kulik, J. 1977. Flashbulb memories. Cognition, 5, 73–99. Brownmiller, S. 1975. Against our will: Men, women, and rape. New York: Fawcett Columbine. Bruce, V. 1988. Recognizing faces. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum. Bülthoff, H. H., & Edelman, S. 1992. Psychophysical support for a two-dimensional view interpolation theory of object recognition. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 89, 60–64. Buss, D. M. 1992a. Mate preference mechanisms: Consequences for partner choice and intrasexual competition. In Barkow, Cosmides, & Tooby, 1992.


pages: 1,028 words: 267,392

Wanderers: A Novel by Chuck Wendig

Black Swan, centre right, citizen journalism, clean water, Columbine, coronavirus, currency manipulation / currency intervention, game design, global pandemic, hiring and firing, hive mind, Internet of things, job automation, Kickstarter, Lyft, Maui Hawaii, oil shale / tar sands, private military company, RFID, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, supervolcano, uber lyft, white picket fence

In the very middle sat a big, tan stone. It wasn’t the prettiest stone, but Shana found it captivating just the same: The strata of colors were flecked with bits of shiny pyrite, and they glimmered when you moved your head this way and that. Someone, and here Shana recognized Nessie’s script even as a carving, had etched a name into the stone: CHARLIE STEWART, RIP. The stone sat surrounded by flowers: purple columbines, white laurel, a few devil-red Indian paintbrushes. “Did you do this?” Shana asked. “You did.” “Yeah.” “When? I…I don’t understand. It just happened.” Nessie did this thing with her face, an old thing that Shana had forgotten about—but now, seeing this expression, she wanted to die for it, she’d missed it so bad. Nessie’s mouth puckered up and twisted off to the side, same way that the Church Lady did in that old SNL skit.


Into the Silence: The Great War, Mallory, and the Conquest of Everest by Wade Davis

British Empire, Columbine, Etonian, Fellow of the Royal Society, Khartoum Gordon, Khyber Pass, Mahatma Gandhi, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade route

Howard-Bury, like others before him, found Phari to be a miserable place, a windswept hovel built on its own waste with mud streets as open sewers and only the frozen air of morning to offer a respite from the all-pervading stench of human waste. But beyond Phari, the white summit of Chomolhari brightened the sky, and his track carried him up a marshy valley between grassy hills and then across the Kambu La, a 16,000-foot pass that led to a deep, narrow valley literally colored blue with wildflowers, gentians and bluebells, columbine, monkshood, and forget-me-nots. Farther up the valley he came upon a series of nine sacred springs, all sulfur, in one of which bathed a high lama, surrounded by his attendants. They welcomed him warmly, with butter tea and a plate of English biscuits. More food followed, minced mutton and diced vegetables, eggs and macaroni, which Howard-Bury, to the delight of all, attempted to eat with a pair of chopsticks.


Southwest USA Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

1919 Motor Transport Corps convoy, Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, Burning Man, carbon footprint, Columbine, Donner party, El Camino Real, friendly fire, G4S, haute couture, haute cuisine, housing crisis, illegal immigration, immigration reform, indoor plumbing, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), low earth orbit, off grid, place-making, supervolcano, trade route, transcontinental railway, walkable city, Works Progress Administration, X Prize

Fahrenheit Coffee Roasters COFFEE SHOP (201 W Grand Ave; 7am-5pm Mon-Sat, 7am-2pm Sun; ) Surrounded by the aroma of fresh roasted beans, this espresso house also serves slices of homemade pie and breakfast burritos to go. Arborena WINE BAR (970-533-1381; 114 W Grand Ave; 4-9pm Mon, Thu-Sat) A welcome alternative to another brewery, in this stylish art gallery you can sip wines by the glass, accompanied by cheese plates, baguettes and salads. Thursday is Girls’ Night Out – women save a dollar on drinks. Columbine Bar BAR (970-533-7397; 123 W Grand Ave; 10am-2am) This smoky old saloon, established in 1903, is one of Colorado’s oldest continuously operating bars. Join locals shooting pool over pints of ice-cold local brews. Mancos Valley Distillery DISTILLERY (www.mancosvalleydistillery.com; 116 N Main St; hours vary) If you’re interested in tasting something really local, make your way to this alleyway where artisan distiller Ian James crafts delicate rum (and chocolate).


The Rough Guide to Ireland by Clements, Paul

Berlin Wall, bike sharing scheme, British Empire, Celtic Tiger, Columbine, digital map, East Village, haute couture, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Kickstarter, Murano, Venice glass, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ronald Reagan, sustainable-tourism, the market place, trade route, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl

The books themselves are preceded by a fascinating exhibition, Turning Darkness into Light, which sets Irish illuminated manuscripts in context – ranging from ogham (the earlier, Celtic writing system of lines carved on standing stones) to Ethiopian books of devotions. Pre-eminent for the scale, variety and colour of its decoration, the Book of Kells probably originated at the monastery on Iona off the west coast of Scotland, which had been founded around 561 by the great Irish scholar, bard and ruler St Colmcille (St Columba in English). After a Viking raid in 806 the Columbines moved to the monastery of Kells in County Meath, which in its turn was raided four times between 920 and 1019. Although they looted the book’s cumdach or metal shrine cover, the pagan Norsemen did not value the book itself, however, and despite spending some time buried underground and losing thirty folios, it survived at Kells up to the seventeenth century when it was taken to Dublin for safekeeping during the Cromwellian Wars.


The Rough Guide to England by Rough Guides

active transport: walking or cycling, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, bike sharing scheme, Bob Geldof, Boris Johnson, British Empire, car-free, Columbine, congestion charging, Corn Laws, deindustrialization, Downton Abbey, Edmond Halley, Etonian, food miles, haute cuisine, housing crisis, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, John Harrison: Longitude, Kickstarter, low cost airline, Neil Kinnock, offshore financial centre, period drama, plutocrats, Plutocrats, the market place, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, University of East Anglia, upwardly mobile, urban sprawl

Delicious home-made breakfasts, too. £75 Roseleigh 19 Broad Walk, SK17 6JR 01298 24904, roseleighhotel.co.uk; map. This classic, three-storey gritstone Victorian townhouse, overlooking Pavilion Gardens, is an excellent place to stay. The trim public rooms are decorated in attractive Victorian style, and the en-suite bedrooms are well appointed. Family-run and competitively priced. £75 Eating Columbine 7 Hall Bank, SK17 6EW 01298 78752, columbinerestaurant.co.uk; map. The menu at this small and intimate restaurant, right in the centre of Buxton, is short but imaginative; main courses, such as saddle of monkfish with crab risotto, average £17. Pre-theatre dinners, from about 5pm, can be reserved in advance. May–Oct Mon–Sat 7–10pm; Nov–April Mon & Wed–Sat 7–10pm. Old Hall Hotel The Square, SK17 6BD 01298 22841, oldhallhotelbuxton.co.uk; map.


pages: 769 words: 397,677

Frommer's California 2007 by Harry Basch, Mark Hiss, Erika Lenkert, Matthew Richard Poole

airport security, Asilomar, Bay Area Rapid Transit, car-free, Charles Lindbergh, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, clean water, Columbine, Donald Trump, Donner party, East Village, El Camino Real, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Frank Gehry, Golden Gate Park, Guggenheim Bilbao, Haight Ashbury, indoor plumbing, Iridium satellite, Joan Didion, Maui Hawaii, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, sustainable-tourism, transcontinental railway, upwardly mobile, urban sprawl, white picket fence, Works Progress Administration

Rangers offer naturalist talks and snowshoe walks some weekends. Rental equipment (including snowshoes) and lessons are available at the Grant Grove Market. For more information on cross-country skiing, sledding, or snowshoeing at Grant Grove, call the visitor center at & 559/565-4307; for Wolverton, call & 559/565-3435. Kids can sled and play in the snow-play areas near Wolverton and at Big Stump, Columbine, and Azalea in Grant Grove. The Sequoia Natural History Association operates the Pear Lake Ski Hut for snowshoers and cross-country skiers, which can accommodate up to 10 people. Use of the facility is by lottery. For further information, call & 559/565-3759. WHITE-WATER BOATING The Kaweah and Upper Kings rivers in the parks are not open to boating (neither kayaks nor inflatable rafts), but several companies run trips just outside the parks.


California by Sara Benson

airport security, Albert Einstein, Apple II, Asilomar, back-to-the-land, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, Burning Man, buy and hold, California gold rush, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, Columbine, dark matter, desegregation, Donald Trump, Donner party, East Village, El Camino Real, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Frank Gehry, global village, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute cuisine, Joan Didion, Khyber Pass, Loma Prieta earthquake, low cost airline, McMansion, means of production, Menlo Park, planetary scale, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, the new new thing, trade route, transcontinental railway, Upton Sinclair, urban sprawl, Wall-E, white picket fence, Whole Earth Catalog, working poor, Works Progress Administration, young professional

Trail maps are available at the visitors centers, and on weekends rangers lead free guided tours. Tree-marked trails connect with those in the Giant Sequoia National Monument and the 50 miles of groomed terrain maintained by the private Montecito Lake Resort ( 559-565-3388, 800-227-9900; www.mslodge.com; 8000 Generals Hwy; day pass incl lunch $30). Equipment rentals are available at Grant Grove Village, the Wuksachi Lodge and the Montecito Lake Resort. There are also snow-play areas near Columbine and Big Stump in the Grant Grove region, and at the Wolverton Picnic Area & Parking Lot. In winter, cross-country skiers with reservations can stay in one of the 10 bunks at Pear Lake Ski Hut ( 559-565-3759; www.sequoiahistory.org; dm $26; mid-Dec–Apr), a 1940-era pine-and-granite building run by the Sequoia Natural History Association. You’ll be oh-so-glad to see it after the strenuous 6-mile cross-country ski or snowshoe trek from Wolverton Meadow.


England by David Else

active transport: walking or cycling, Albert Einstein, back-to-the-land, Berlin Wall, Boris Johnson, British Empire, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, colonial rule, Columbine, congestion charging, David Attenborough, David Brooks, Etonian, food miles, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Kickstarter, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, Nelson Mandela, new economy, New Urbanism, out of africa, period drama, place-making, sceptred isle, Skype, Sloane Ranger, South of Market, San Francisco, Stephen Hawking, the market place, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, unbiased observer, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Winter of Discontent

Spring Gardens, an otherwise uninspiring pedestrianised shopping street, has several cheap cafes. Art Cafe ( 01298-23114; sandwiches & snacks £3-7; 9.30am-5pm Apr-Sep, to 3pm Oct-Mar) Housed on the 2nd floor of the Pavilion, with beautiful views over the gardens, this little spot is a great place to enjoy a coffee and some homemade cakes while perusing the works by local artists that are splashed across the walls. Columbine Restaurant ( 01298-78752; Hall Bank; mains £11-13; dinner 7-10pm Mon & Wed-Sat) Perched on the slope leading down to the Crescent, this excellent understated restaurant is top choice among Buxtonites in the know. It delivers large portions of excellent local produce including some good vegetarian choices. The Place ( 01298-214565; www.theplacebuxton.co.uk; 9-11 Market St; mains £11-14; dinner Tue & Wed, lunch & dinner Thu-Sat, lunch Sun) Lively, trendy modern restaurant serving light lunches and sandwiches as well as more expensive modern European cooking.


Frommer's California 2009 by Matthew Poole, Harry Basch, Mark Hiss, Erika Lenkert

airport security, Asilomar, Bay Area Rapid Transit, California gold rush, call centre, car-free, Charles Lindbergh, clean water, Columbine, Donald Trump, Donner party, East Village, El Camino Real, European colonialism, Frank Gehry, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, housing crisis, indoor plumbing, Joan Didion, Mason jar, mass immigration, Maui Hawaii, post-work, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Skype, South of Market, San Francisco, sustainable-tourism, transcontinental railway, urban sprawl, white picket fence, Works Progress Administration, Y Combinator

Rangers offer naturalist talks and sno wshoe walks some weekends. Rental equipment (including snowshoes) and lessons are available at the Grant Grove Market. For more information on cross-country skiing, sledding, or snowshoeing at Grant Grove, call the visitor center at & 559/565-4307; for Wolverton, call & 559/ 565-3435. Kids can sled and play in the sno w-play ar eas near Wolverton and at B ig Stump, Columbine, and Azalea in Grant Grove. The Sequoia Natural History Association operates the Pear Lake Ski Hut for snowshoers and cr oss-country skiers, which can accommodate up to 10 people. U se of the facility is by lottery. For further information, call & 559/565-3759. WHITE-WATER BOATING The Kaweah and Upper Kings rivers in the parks are not open to boating (neither kayaks nor inflatable rafts), but several companies run trips just outside the par ks.


France (Lonely Planet, 8th Edition) by Nicola Williams

active transport: walking or cycling, back-to-the-land, bike sharing scheme, British Empire, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Charles Lindbergh, Columbine, double helix, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute couture, haute cuisine, Henri Poincaré, Honoré de Balzac, illegal immigration, industrial robot, information trail, Jacquard loom, Joseph-Marie Jacquard, Kickstarter, Louis Blériot, Louis Pasteur, low cost airline, low cost carrier, Mahatma Gandhi, means of production, Murano, Venice glass, pension reform, post-work, QWERTY keyboard, ride hailing / ride sharing, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Skype, Sloane Ranger, supervolcano, trade route, urban renewal, urban sprawl, V2 rocket

Larch trees, mountain and arolla pines, rhododendrons and junipers stud shrubby subalpine zones between 1500m and 2000m; and a brilliant riot of spring and summertime wildflowers carpet grassy meadows above the tree line in the alpine zone (up to 3000m). Alpine blooms include the single golden-yellow flower of the arnica, which has long been used in herbal and homeopathic bruise-relieving remedies; the flame-coloured fire lily, which flowers from December until May; and the hardy Alpine columbine, with its delicate blue petals. The protected ‘queen of the Alps’ (aka the Alpine eryngo) bears an uncanny resemblance to a purple thistle but is, in fact, a member of the parsley family (to which the carrot also belongs); you will find it on grassy ledges. The rare twinflower only grows in the Parc National de la Vanoise. Of France’s 150 orchids, the black vanilla orchid is one to look out for – its small red-brown flowers exude a sweet vanilla fragrance.


Lonely Planet France by Lonely Planet Publications

banking crisis, bike sharing scheme, British Empire, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Charles Lindbergh, Columbine, double helix, Frank Gehry, G4S, glass ceiling, haute couture, haute cuisine, Henri Poincaré, Honoré de Balzac, illegal immigration, Jacquard loom, Joseph-Marie Jacquard, Kickstarter, Louis Blériot, Louis Pasteur, low cost airline, low cost carrier, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, Murano, Venice glass, ride hailing / ride sharing, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, supervolcano, trade route, urban renewal, urban sprawl, V2 rocket

Larch trees, mountain and arolla pines, rhododendrons and junipers stud shrubby subalpine zones between 1500m and 2000m; and a brilliant riot of spring and summertime wildflowers carpets grassy meadows above the treeline in the alpine zone (up to 3000m). Alpine blooms include the single golden-yellow flower of the arnica, which has long been used in herbal and homeopathic bruise-relieving remedies; the flame-coloured fire lily; and the hardy Alpine columbine, with its delicate blue petals. The protected ‘queen of the Alps’ (aka the Alpine eryngo) bears an uncanny resemblance to a purple thistle but is, in fact, a member of the parsley family (to which the carrot also belongs). The rare twinflower only grows in the Parc National de la Vanoise. Of France’s 150 orchids, the black vanilla orchid is one to look out for – its small red-brown flowers exude a sweet vanilla fragrance.


Great Britain by David Else, Fionn Davenport

active transport: walking or cycling, Albert Einstein, Beeching cuts, Boris Johnson, British Empire, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, colonial rule, Columbine, congestion charging, credit crunch, David Attenborough, Etonian, food miles, glass ceiling, global village, haute cuisine, illegal immigration, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Kickstarter, land reform, Livingstone, I presume, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, mega-rich, negative equity, new economy, North Sea oil, Northern Rock, offshore financial centre, period drama, place-making, Skype, Sloane Ranger, South of Market, San Francisco, Stephen Hawking, the market place, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Winter of Discontent

Old Hall Hotel ( 01298-22841; www.oldhallhotelbuxton.co.uk; the Square; s/d incl breakfast £65/100 wi-fi) There is a tale to go with every creak of the floorboards at this genial, history-soaked establishment, supposedly the oldest hotel in England. Mary, Queen of Scots, was held here from 1576 to 1578, and the wood-panelled corridors and rooms are as well appointed and as elegant as they must have been in her day. Eating & Drinking Columbine Restaurant ( 01298-78752; Hall Bank; mains £11-13; 7-10pm Mon & Wed-Sat) Perched on the slope leading down to the Crescent, this excellent understated restaurant is top choice among Buxtonites in the know. It delivers large portions of excellent local produce including some good vegetarian choices. Place ( 01298-214565; www.theplacebuxton.co.uk; 9-11 Market St; mains £11-14; dinner Tue & Wed, lunch & dinner Thu-Sat, lunch Sun) Lively, trendy modern restaurant serving light lunches and sandwiches as well as more expensive modern European cooking.