glass ceiling

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pages: 440 words: 108,137

The Meritocracy Myth by Stephen J. McNamee

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affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Bernie Madoff, British Empire, collective bargaining, computer age, conceptual framework, corporate governance, deindustrialization, delayed gratification, demographic transition, desegregation, deskilling, equal pay for equal work, estate planning, failed state, fixed income, gender pay gap, Gini coefficient, glass ceiling, helicopter parent, income inequality, informal economy, invisible hand, job automation, joint-stock company, labor-force participation, low-wage service sector, marginal employment, Mark Zuckerberg, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, new economy, New Urbanism, obamacare, occupational segregation, pink-collar, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, post-industrial society, prediction markets, profit motive, race to the bottom, random walk, school choice, Scientific racism, Steve Jobs, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, trickle-down economics, upwardly mobile, We are the 99%, white flight, young professional

Among the 2011 Forbes list of the wealthiest Americans, only 10 percent were women, and 90 percent of them inherited their wealth (United for a Fair Economy 2012). The Glass Ceiling The phrase glass ceiling, another form of employment discrimination, refers to discriminatory policies that limit the upward mobility of qualified women and minorities, keeping them out of top management positions. As previously noted, many of the jobs in which women are concentrated have short mobility ladders. Secretaries rarely become bosses. Even though many secretaries could do the work of their bosses—and, indeed, they often do—they do not get the credit, the salary, or the opportunity to move up, regardless of their level of competence. The glass ceiling operates so that although all applicants may be welcomed by a firm at entry levels, when it comes to powerful managerial and executive positions, there are limits, generally unstated, on the number of women and nonwhites welcomed or even tolerated.

This problem is compounded by the departure of middle-class families from black inner-city areas, which has depleted the social capital of the remaining population and contributed to high levels of unemployment and welfare dependency (Wacquant and Wilson 1989; Wilson 1987, 1996). Women, likewise, have also historically confronted restricted access to privileged social networks, sometimes derisively referred to as “the good old boy network” that has contributed to a “glass ceiling” of limited (nonmerit) opportunities for advancement (McDonald, Lin, and Ao 2009). The process of this restriction is often subtle and can come in many forms. Women in business settings, for instance, may be restricted from inner male sanctums such as the golf course, the racquetball court, the bar, the poker game, or other arenas of mostly male interaction in which insider information is shared and business deals are often cut outside of “official” work environments.

., physicians and lawyers), most of the increase has occurred in the low-wage nonprofessional part of the sector (e.g., child-care workers, hairdressers) (McCrary 1998). Second, some women may select self-employment because it affords them greater scheduling flexibility in combining the demands of work and family. Among self-employed workers, for instance, half of women are employed part-time compared to only a third of men (Hipple 2010, 28). Finally, some women may start new businesses to circumvent the glass-ceiling effects often encountered in wage employment. Although self-employment is often seen as a vehicle of upward social mobility for ethnic minorities, whites have higher rates of self-employment than these groups. In 2009 for instance, whites were about twice as likely to be self-employed as blacks, with white self-employment at 7.4 percent compared to 4.5 percent for blacks (Hipple 2010, 21). Some of this difference may be attributed to reluctance among white customers to patronize black-owned businesses and whites’ assumption that black-owned businesses produce inferior products or services (Feagin and Sikes 1994; Parker 2004).

 

pages: 251 words: 63,630

The End of Cheap China: Economic and Cultural Trends That Will Disrupt the World by Shaun Rein

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business climate, credit crunch, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, facts on the ground, glass ceiling, high net worth, illegal immigration, income per capita, indoor plumbing, job-hopping, Maui Hawaii, price stability, quantitative easing, Silicon Valley, Skype, South China Sea, Steve Jobs, thinkpad, trade route, trickle-down economics, upwardly mobile, urban planning, women in the workforce, young professional

American businessmen began reading works like A Book of Five Rings by Miyamoto Musashi and Chet Flippo’s New York Magazine article “Samurai Businessman.” Japanese companies were ruthless with the foreign companies they bought out. They quickly replaced senior management teams and instituted glass ceilings for top positions. Even today, few Japanese companies in the United States have non-Japanese senior executives. Often the gaijin they do have are mere tokens, who do not have much power internally. Soon after the explosion of the dot-com bubble, Ron, a 48-year-old Harvard Business School graduate who worked for a big Japanese bank in New York, told me, “The worst thing a high-achieving American can do is work at a Japanese firm. They put glass ceilings everywhere and you get treated like you’re inferior. Once the economy gets better, I’m out of here.” Contrast this with Chinese companies. In interviews my firm conducted with senior executives of Chinese firms, they buy foreign companies for their brand equity, technology know-how, and, most important, their modern management systems.

Further investment abroad will naturally cause more tension. CASE STUDIES WHAT TO DO AND WHAT NOT TO DO IN CHINA Do Not Fear the Chinese as the Japanese Were Feared Cash-rich Chinese companies, like state-owned Bright Food or privately owned Fosun Group, have been on buying sprees scooping up Western brands. This trend has spurred concerns in the Western world that Chinese firms will acquire companies and then fire scores of workers or implement glass ceilings, much as Japanese companies did in the 1980s with non-Japanese executives. These worries are exaggerated, because Chinese and Japanese firms view the acquisition process differently. Chinese firms tend to acquire companies to buy brands for introduction into China, to cut the time needed for building brands, and to import technological know-how and management expertise. Unlike Japanese firms, they are less likely to cut the senior management of acquired companies or block the advancement of executives who are not native Chinese.

But overall, the process will be less unsettling than acquisitions by Japanese firms in the 1980s. Key Action Item Selling to a Chinese firm might be a good way to improve company valuation yet retain key leadership positions. It will also help companies gain better distribution channels into China, which are costly and hard to build for Western firms. Before selling to a Chinese company, instead of preparing for glass ceilings or massive layoffs, you should anticipate a culture clash owing to the more hands-on management style of Chinese firms’ founders and chairmen. Chinese Go Abroad to Shop Many brands set up huge stores in China that remain devoid of shoppers, yet still report huge sales to mainland-Chinese consumers. How does that happen? The answer is simple: Chinese consumers prefer to travel abroad to shop, especially for premium and luxury items.

 

pages: 458 words: 134,028

Microtrends: The Small Forces Behind Tomorrow's Big Changes by Mark Penn, E. Kinney Zalesne

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affirmative action, Albert Einstein, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, big-box store, call centre, corporate governance, David Brooks, Donald Trump, extreme commuting, Exxon Valdez, feminist movement, glass ceiling, Gordon Gekko, haute couture, illegal immigration, immigration reform, index card, Isaac Newton, job satisfaction, labor-force participation, late fees, life extension, low skilled workers, mobile money, new economy, RAND corporation, Renaissance Technologies, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Superbowl ad, the payments system, Thomas L Friedman, upwardly mobile, uranium enrichment, urban renewal, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, Y2K

(Imagine trying to sell your fraternity brother on a blind date with a minister.) More generally, even those religions that admit women clergy seem to resist their playing too large a role. There is a widely observed phenomenon among women clergy—known as the Stained Glass Ceiling—that while they finish their training in numbers equal to or greater than men, they rise in congregational work far more slowly. To this day, a very large congregation—in any religion—led solely by a woman is almost unknown. Some say it’s just a matter of time until women clergy break through the Stained Glass Ceiling. They have made solid progress in other professions—especially word-oriented ones—and this field might just be taking longer, in part because the First Amendment bars recourse to anti-discrimination laws. (Which is why, with impunity, male pastors can ban women from their profession by just saying: “When Adam followed the leadership of his wife and ate the forbidden fruit, look where it led.”)

The Twelve name and logo are trademarks of Hachette Book Group, Inc. First eBook Edition: September 2007 ISBN: 978-0-446-40206-4 Contents Copyright Introduction PART I: Love, Sex, and Relationships Sex-Ratio Singles Cougars Office Romancers Commuter Couples Internet Marrieds PART II: Work Life Working Retired Extreme Commuters Stay-at-Home Workers Wordy Women Ardent Amazons PART III: Race and Religion Stained Glass Ceiling Breakers Pro-Semites Interracial Families Protestant Hispanics Moderate Muslims PART IV: Health and Wellness Sun-Haters 30-Winkers Southpaws Unbound DIY Doctors Hard-of-Hearers PART V: Family Life Old New Dads Pet Parents Pampering Parents Late-Breaking Gays Dutiful Sons PART VI: Politics Impressionable Elites Swing Is Still King Militant Illegals Christian Zionists Newly Released Ex-Cons PART VII: Teens The Mildly Disordered Young Knitters Black Teen Idols High School Moguls Aspiring Snipers PART VIII: Food, Drink, and Diet Vegan Children A Disproportionate Burden Starving for Life Caffeine Crazies PART IX: Lifestyle Long Attention Spanners Neglected Dads Native Language Speakers Unisexuals PART X: Money and Class Second-Home Buyers Modern Mary Poppinses Shy Millionaires Bourgeois and Bankrupt Non-Profiteers PART XI: Looks and Fashion Uptown Tattooed Snowed-Under Slobs Surgery Lovers Powerful Petites PART XII: Technology Social Geeks New Luddites Tech Fatales Car-Buying Soccer Moms PART XIII: Leisure and Entertainment Archery Moms?

The women who choose these new paths love them and are becoming their own distinctive group—strong, proud, intense, and leading the way for others to follow. Twenty-five years ago, we had a national debate on the Equal Rights Amendment, and one of the big arguments against it was that women might have to serve in the armed forces or be police officers. Today’s Ardent Amazons are proving what a silly debate that was. PART III Race and Religion Stained Glass Ceiling Breakers A final trend about women at work. Women may be poised to dominate America’s word-based professions, like journalism, public relations, and law, but women’s preeminence gets more complicated when it comes to professions regarding The Word. In the last two decades, the number of female clergy in America has more than tripled. Women students in divinity school just passed 51 percent.

 

pages: 259 words: 94,135

Spacewalker: My Journey in Space and Faith as NASA's Record-Setting Frequent Flyer by Jerry Lynn Ross, John Norberg

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glass ceiling, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live

CONTENTS F O R E W O R D Ix Eugene A. Cernan P R O L O G U E xII Jim Gentleman O N E 1 Sputnik, a mouse, and blackberry pie T W O 29 “Look to your left and look to your right” T H R E E 51 “My daddy is an astronaut . . .” F O U R 79 The no-names F I V E 105 Liftoff! We have liftoff! S I x 139 “Obviously a major malfunction” S E V E N 175 Two more boarding passes E I G H T 195 The John Young glass ceiling N I N E 217 “Lock the doors” T E N 235 Blessed, happy, thankful . . . and surprised! T I M E L I N E 247 I N D E x 251 FOREWORD I n the spring of 1961, I was a young US Navy officer when President John F. Kennedy challenged the people of the United States to look to the Moon. It changed my life. But more than my life, it changed the nation. It changed all of us. It wasn’t just a call to land a man on the Moon and return him safely to Earth.

But Bob didn’t hold it against me. In fact, about six months later he assigned me to STS-88, the mission that would start the International Space Station assembly. I was going to do spacewalks again. And this time, instead of doing two EVAs like I had on previous missions, we would be doing three. I was elated! But little did I know that my astronaut career would soon be going to the dogs. eight The John Young glass ceiling Some astronauts have neat nicknames—Gus Grissom, Deke Slayton, Gordo Cooper, Buzz Aldrin, Hoot Gibson. On my sixth mission, STS-88, I picked up a nickname, but I am glad it didn’t stick. Not only did I get a strange nickname, but to my surprise, my experience working on Scott’s car came in handy. Bob Cabana was our commander. Bob’s first flight had been STS 53 in 1992, with Commander Dave Walker, a sandy redhead who was known throughout his Navy career as “Red Flash.”

I didn’t want another flight just to break a record, but I wasn’t ready to retire or go on to something else with NASA. I wanted to fly again. In my heart, I was an astronaut and a spacewalker, and there was an International Space Station to assemble. I wanted to continue doing what I loved. By this time, former STS-55 crewmate Charlie Precourt was Chief of the Astronaut Office. After I came home from STS-88, I went to Charlie’s office to find out if NASA had a John Young glass ceiling. Charlie said he didn’t have any restrictions, so I requested that he check with Mr. Abbey. I wanted to find out if there was something higher up limiting astronauts to six flights. Charlie came back and told me there was no ceiling, so I told him I wanted to stick around in the Astronaut Office and try for more flights. He pointed out there were only so many flights, and there were a lot of qualified people.

 

pages: 306 words: 78,893

After the New Economy: The Binge . . . And the Hangover That Won't Go Away by Doug Henwood

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accounting loophole / creative accounting, affirmative action, Asian financial crisis, barriers to entry, borderless world, Branko Milanovic, Bretton Woods, capital controls, corporate governance, correlation coefficient, credit crunch, deindustrialization, dematerialisation, deskilling, ending welfare as we know it, feminist movement, full employment, gender pay gap, George Gilder, glass ceiling, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, half of the world's population has never made a phone call, income inequality, indoor plumbing, Internet Archive, job satisfaction, joint-stock company, Kevin Kelly, labor-force participation, liquidationism / Banker’s doctrine / the Treasury view, manufacturing employment, means of production, minimum wage unemployment, Naomi Klein, new economy, occupational segregation, pets.com, profit maximization, purchasing power parity, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, Robert Gordon, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, statistical model, structural adjustment programs, Telecommunications Act of 1996, telemarketer, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, total factor productivity, union organizing, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, working poor, Y2K

Unemployment averaged 4.8% from 1950 to 1973; 6.9%, 1974-95; and 4.6% from 1996 through the first half of 2000. 4. Details on the CPS are available at <www.bls.census.gov/cps/cpsmain.htm>. 5. Note that the CBO/CBPP figures are after federal taxes; the Census figures are before taxes. 6. For a web overview of discrimination, see the report and background studies for the federal Glass Ceiling report, at <www.ilr.cornell.edu/GlassCeiling/>. 7. But within this subfield, the same gender structures replicate themselves: in the mid-1990s, women were 45% of assistant professors, 31% of associate, and 16% of full (Blau and Kahn 2000). All those figures are up substantially firom their levels a decade earlier, but still, there's a long way to go. S.Waldfogel (1998) reports that the motherhood penalty accounted for 56% of the overall gender gap in 1991, compared to 35% in 1980. 9.

 

pages: 209 words: 80,086

The Global Auction: The Broken Promises of Education, Jobs, and Incomes by Phillip Brown, Hugh Lauder, David Ashton

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affirmative action, barriers to entry, Branko Milanovic, BRICs, business process, business process outsourcing, call centre, collective bargaining, corporate governance, credit crunch, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, deindustrialization, deskilling, Frederick Winslow Taylor, full employment, future of work, glass ceiling, global supply chain, immigration reform, income inequality, industrial robot, job automation, Joseph Schumpeter, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, labour market flexibility, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, market bubble, market design, neoliberal agenda, new economy, pensions crisis, post-industrial society, profit maximization, purchasing power parity, QWERTY keyboard, race to the bottom, Richard Florida, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, sovereign wealth fund, stem cell, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, trade liberalization, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, winner-take-all economy, working poor

But some people seem to believe that is going to happen; it’s bizarre . . . this is just racism parading by some other name. They are going to be really grateful for the chance to work in a call center.” A Chinese banking executive also told us that an ethnic hierarchy worked in his bank because there was widespread resentment of a glass ceiling for local Chinese employees, as all the talent that had been fast tracked appeared to come from Western countries. Competitive pressures may break some of the glass ceilings associated with ethnic hierarchies. One major bank had little doubt that the globalization of talent would have implications for workers in Europe and the United States, as they moved a lot of work to India that was previously undertaken by college graduates in New York, London, or The War for Talent 89 Frankfurt.

 

pages: 256 words: 15,765

The New Elite: Inside the Minds of the Truly Wealthy by Dr. Jim Taylor

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British Empire, call centre, dark matter, Donald Trump, estate planning, full employment, glass ceiling, income inequality, Jeff Bezos, Louis Pasteur, Maui Hawaii, McMansion, means of production, passive income, performance metric, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Plutonomy: Buying Luxury, Explaining Global Imbalances, Ronald Reagan, stealth mode startup, Steve Jobs, Thorstein Veblen, trickle-down economics, women in the workforce

Still, there are signs of a growing diversity and inclusiveness in today’s entrepreneurial era that were not present in previous eras. For example, Asians (defined broadly to include those from the Indian subcontinent) constitute approximately 8 percent and rising of the wealthy population, compared to approximately 3 percent of the U.S. population as a whole. Even more dramatic is a growing gender diversity. Whereas wealthy industrialists were almost exclusively male (and the corporate era of wealth was when the phrase ‘‘glass ceiling’’ entered the lexicon), the role of women today among the financial elite is radically different. Although still far short of a 50/50 gender split, a growing number of women entrepreneurs and executives created the wealth in their households; and even among those in which women weren’t the primary breadwinners, they have come to hold considerable sway over every aspect of family and financial life.

., 53 emotional connections, of luxury brands, 103 employee relationships, 50–51 endorsement deals, 59 Entertainment Weekly, 142 entrepreneurs challenges, 53–55 goals, 140–141 as politicians, 210–211 wealth, 35–39, 44 Galbraith, John Kenneth, 13 Gardner, Jonathan, 67 Gates, Bill, 6–7, 28, 38, 153, 158 Gates, Melinda, 153 gender diversity, 62 236 Index General Mills, 33 General Motors, 31, 32 Germany, 160 G.I. Bill, 34 Girard, Stephen, 24 giving, transformational, 190–194 ‘‘glass ceiling,’’ 62 global citizens, 155–156 ‘‘global wealth oligarchy,’’ 156 globalization, 163 globizens, 156 dynamics of, 166 and international wealth explosion, 156–158 relationships, 161 shared mind-set, 158–161 Golden, Claudia, 31 Goldman Sachs, 117 Google, 196 Gourmet, 142, 146, 152 government regulation, 25 gravitational pull of money, 4, 7–9 ‘‘great compression,’’ 31 Great Depression, 29, 30 Great Expectations (Dickens), 15 Great Gatsby, The (Fitzgerald), 15 Greece, 205 Greenspan, Alan, 7 Gucci Group, 95 guilt, 69 happiness, money and, 65–70 Harrison Group, 207, 228 holiday retail forecast, 214 health care, 215–216 hecamillionaires, 4, 5 Helmsley, Leona, 194 Helu, Carlos Slim, 159 Hemingway, Ernest, 73 Hennessy, 101 Hepburn Act (1906), 26 Hermès bag, 99–100 Hewlett, William, 38–39 Hidden Persuaders, The (Packard), 33 Hilton, Paris, 15 hospital, 2 household income, 1968 to 2006, 203 housing, 81–82 of globizens, 161 How to Win Friends and Influence People (Carnegie), 34 humility, 46 IBM, 32, 101 IKEA, 160 impulse shoppers, vs. planning, 79–80 incentives, by retail store, 79 income after-tax, 1979 to 2004, 203–204 to define wealth, 5 discretionary, 10 household, 1968 to 2006, 203 income tax, 26, 30 India, 160 Industrial Revolution, 25 industrial wealth, 24–30 inherited wealth, 42 intelligent shopping, 84–88 international travel, 161–162 Internet, 64, 140, 162 for shopping, 86–87 for shopping research, 179 sophisticatering, 109 interpersonal caution, by newly wealthy, 119 interviewing process, 14–15 investments options, 8 portfolio, 122 Iraq war, 69 isolation, 70 Jacobs, Marc, 100 J.C.

 

pages: 257 words: 71,686

Swimming With Sharks: My Journey into the World of the Bankers by Joris Luyendijk

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bank run, barriers to entry, Bonfire of the Vanities, bonus culture, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collective bargaining, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, Emanuel Derman, financial deregulation, financial independence, Flash crash, glass ceiling, Gordon Gekko, high net worth, hiring and firing, inventory management, job-hopping, London Whale, Nick Leeson, offshore financial centre, regulatory arbitrage, shareholder value, sovereign wealth fund, the payments system, too big to fail

‘The City is actually ridiculously tolerant. It’s quite amusing; I think people are wooed by me. And they’re overly nice about the scarf, asking: do you shake hands? I have to say, this is really nice and quite different from my experiences in continental Europe.’ I may have run into the lucky ones but none of my interviewees from a ‘minority’ had encountered open discrimination at their banks. The glass ceiling is as intact as it is elsewhere in society, yet two women at brokerages said independently that they preferred working with bankers as opposed to, say, fellow brokers or clients. ‘The big banks have diversity policies so it’s not just white straight males you meet there,’ said one. The other believed ‘investment bankers are so terrified of lawsuits that they would rather bite off their tongue than say something sexist’.

Goldman Sachs has denied that its employees refer to a particular set of clients as ‘muppets’ and Tony Blair’s income at JP Morgan is an estimate by the Financial Times. A final world about women and finance. The difference of opinion between young female interviewees who said they were adamantly opposed quotas and their more experienced female colleagues who were in favour would have made for a great chapter. In the end I have decided to leave out a discussion of the glass ceiling since I believe the core of the problem with finance to be the structural conflicts and perverse incentives and not the gender of those responding to them. It is not at all inconceivable that on the whole men respond differently to the temptations that global finance offers them than women. That is probably what IMF president Christine Lagarde alluded to when she produced one of the best quotes I have come across during the research project: ‘What if it had been Lehman Sisters?’

 

pages: 82 words: 21,414

The Myth of Meritocracy: Why Working-Class Kids Still Get Working-Class Jobs (Provocations Series) by James Bloodworth

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Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, cognitive dissonance, Downton Abbey, gender pay gap, glass ceiling, income inequality, precariat, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, unpaid internship, upwardly mobile, We are the 99%

Cameron made the same point more succinctly in 2013 when he stated that ‘I believe in equality of opportunity’.5 Both Cameron and his Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne have talked repeatedly about helping ‘strivers’ and those who ‘aspire to get on’. These upwardly mobile flag-bearers of the meritocracy have typically been contrasted with ‘shirkers’ – the Burberry-clad layabouts who supposedly skulk behind net curtains glancing fearfully at their aspirational peers as the latter head off to work. With the creation of a meritocracy in mind, in 2008 the Conservatives released a report entitled ‘Through the Glass Ceiling: A Conservative Agenda for Social Mobility’. The Liberal Democrats share this aspiration. The former party leader Nick Clegg claimed in 2012 that social mobility was the coalition government’s ‘central social preoccupation’.6 The culmination of this rhetoric was a cross-departmental strategy published in 2011 with the central claim that ‘improving social mobility is the principal goal of the government’s social policy’.

 

pages: 479 words: 144,453

Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow by Yuval Noah Harari

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23andMe, agricultural Revolution, algorithmic trading, Anne Wojcicki, anti-communist, Anton Chekhov, autonomous vehicles, Berlin Wall, call centre, Chris Urmson, cognitive dissonance, Columbian Exchange, computer age, Deng Xiaoping, don't be evil, European colonialism, experimental subject, falling living standards, Flash crash, Frank Levy and Richard Murnane: The New Division of Labor, glass ceiling, global village, invention of writing, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, job automation, Kevin Kelly, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, Minecraft, Moneyball by Michael Lewis explains big data, mutually assured destruction, new economy, pattern recognition, Peter Thiel, placebo effect, Ray Kurzweil, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, stem cell, Steven Pinker, telemarketer, too big to fail, trade route, Turing machine, Turing test, ultimatum game, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!

This avalanche of wealth, coupled with myriad positive and negative changes in Japanese lifestyles and social relations, had surprisingly little impact on Japanese subjective well-being levels. The Japanese in the 1990s were as satisfied – or dissatisfied – as they were in the 1950s.34 It appears that our happiness bangs against some mysterious glass ceiling that does not allow it to grow despite all our unprecedented accomplishments. Even if we provide free food for everybody, cure all diseases and ensure world peace, it won’t necessarily shatter that glass ceiling. Achieving real happiness is not going to be much easier than overcoming old age and death. The glass ceiling of happiness is held in place by two stout pillars, one psychological, the other biological. On the psychological level, happiness depends on expectations rather than objective conditions. We don’t become satisfied by leading a peaceful and prosperous existence.

 

pages: 266 words: 78,689

Frommer's Irreverent Guide to Las Vegas by Mary Herczog, Jordan S. Simon

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Berlin Wall, glass ceiling, haute couture, haute cuisine, Maui Hawaii, Murano, Venice glass, Saturday Night Live, young professional

The lobby of Mandalay Bay seems tame by comparison, featuring only a 14-foot shark-filled pagoda/aquarium along with towering bamboo cages filled with parrots and cockatoos (desk clerks sometimes have to scream to make themselves heard above the birds’ screeching). The Caesars Palace entrance is a riot of gilt bas-relief, carved and mirrored ceilings, friezes, and reclining marble nudes alongside black marble floors and crystal chandeliers. After more than 30 years, it’s still Vegas glitz at its best. But for sheer camp, nothing exceeds the excess of Excalibur, with its mock medieval stained-glass ceiling, glowing dragons, brightly colored heraldic flags, suits of armor on wooden horses, and amazing turreted chandeliers. The majestic 70-foot rotunda dome in the Venetian’s lobby glistens with 24K gold leaf and a montage of 21 Renaissance paintings. The tile floors are the real thing, scavenged from condemned palazzi. Marble and Murano glass gleam everywhere, and a photo of Venice canals provides a trompe l’oeil effect behind the reception desk.

Main Street Station culls antiques and artifacts from around the globe: ornate doors, transom, and stained-glass windows from actress Lillian Russell’s Victorian mansion; bronze doors from London’s turn-of-the-century Kuwait Royal Bank; carved oak fireplace and sideboard from Scotland’s Prestwick Castle; fluted cast-iron columns from the Royal Army barracks at Windsor Castle; an Art Nouveau chandelier from the Figaro Opera House in Paris; even the Schlitz Milwaukee mansion’s mahoganyand-walnut elevator serving as a phone booth. Artworks by Picasso and Rauschenberg are scattered throughout Bellagio’s restaurants, but the cultural coup is Dale Chihuly’s immense glass ceiling installation, “Fiori di Como,” which resembles, depending on your point of view, a profusion of glass jellyfish, a floral explosion, or someone’s 1960s LSD nightmare. The Rio is known for lavishly mounted traveling exhibits ranging from Tsarist treasures to Titanic artifacts, but amid the property’s jazzy razzmatazz, it’s easy to overlook a splendid permanent collection of contemporary art, most on display in the entrance corridor and lobby of the Samba Theatre: works by Cy Twombly, Robert Rauschenberg, Ellsworth Kelly, and Nan Goldin.

 

pages: 240 words: 109,474

Masters of Doom: How Two Guys Created an Empire and Transformed Pop Culture by David Kushner

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Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, book scanning, Columbine, corporate governance, game design, glass ceiling, Hacker Ethic, informal economy, market design, Marshall McLuhan, Saturday Night Live, side project, Silicon Valley, slashdot, software patent, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, X Prize

Romero’s new office wouldn’t only be a fun place to work, it would be where a gamer could show the press, family, and friends that games had built an empire and that the empire would be the ultimate place to make more games. When the elevator doors finally opened into the penthouse, it felt as though Romero was standing on top of the moon. The two-story, 22,500-square-foot loft seemed to spill into the stars. The space was bare but surrounded by a wraparound window view of the city and a seemingly endless sixty-foot arched glass ceiling. Anywhere Romero spun, he saw the kaleidoscopic twinkle of lights–evening lights from below, the celestial bodies up high. It was raw, waiting to be designed. Romero imagined a room full of pillows, a Vegas room with slot machines, a “Break Shit” room where you could just go around destroying things! But there were problems, the agent explained. The space was so big and windowed and close to the sun that it was extremely difficult to air-condition.

Co-owners Todd Porter and Jerry O’Flaherty initiated a plan of their own: to launch a comic book division within the company using the artists of Jerry’s who had worked in that industry. The owners approved the plan to hire up a staff and release a comic book for each of the company’s games as, essentially, free public relations. When Eidos got wind of the plan, however, they immediately shut it down. “You guys are supposed to be making games,” they said. “Why should we pay you to make comics?” Even the glass ceiling they toiled beneath became a problem, specifically, a nightmare of light. Next to vampires, no one hates the light as much as gamers; there’s nothing worse than a big, bad glare blinding down on a computer screen. Nobody could work. The architects were immediately called in to install stylish spoilers on top of the cubicles. But they proved hardly dark enough to suit the gamers’ finicky tastes.

 

pages: 422 words: 113,525

Whole Earth Discipline: An Ecopragmatist Manifesto by Stewart Brand

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agricultural Revolution, back-to-the-land, biofilm, borderless world, Buckminster Fuller, business process, Cass Sunstein, clean water, Community Supported Agriculture, conceptual framework, Danny Hillis, dark matter, decarbonisation, demographic dividend, demographic transition, Elon Musk, Exxon Valdez, failed state, Geoffrey West, Santa Fe Institute, glass ceiling, Google Earth, Hans Rosling, Hernando de Soto, informal economy, interchangeable parts, invention of agriculture, invention of the steam engine, Jane Jacobs, jimmy wales, Kevin Kelly, Kibera, land tenure, M-Pesa, Marshall McLuhan, megacity, microbiome, New Urbanism, out of africa, Paul Graham, peak oil, Richard Florida, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, smart grid, stem cell, Stewart Brand, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, Thomas Malthus, University of East Anglia, uranium enrichment, urban renewal, Whole Earth Catalog, Whole Earth Review, working-age population, Y2K

The maize landraces, it turns out, have been swapping genes with commercial crops for decades with no loss of diversity; GE genes are expected to be no different in that respect. Landrace farmers are well aware of the problem of “inbreeding depression” (as they say, the maize “gets tired”—se cansa), so they routinely blend in other varieties, and also vagrant genes on the pollen are always blowing from cornfield to cornfield. Israeli plant scientist Jonathan Gressel describes the customary situation in Genetic Glass Ceilings: Transgenics for Crop Biodiversity (2007):There has been gene flow from commercial varieties of crops to/from landraces growing nearby, only to the betterment, at times, of one party or the other. The farmer preserves the landrace, morphologically, tastewise, but actually (inadvertently) selects for individuals that have also picked up genes for disease or stress tolerance, or higher yields.

Garreau, Joel Gates, Bill GenBank gene flow generation IV reactors gene splicing Genetically Modified Planet (Stewart) genetic engineering agriculture and American chestnut and GE vs. GM as abbreviation for gene transfer as intellectual property issue and mammoths and medicine and opposition to organic farming and pest control and plant toxicity and precautionary principle and precision of recombinant DNA research and religion and second generation of stories related to synthetic biology and violence and Genetic Glass Ceilings (Gressel) genetic inertia genetic use restriction technology (GURT) gene transfer genome, human geoengineering asteroid deflection and biochar and carbon-fixing algae and cloud machines and criticisms of governance and ocean water piping and space mirrors and stratospheric sulfates and see also ecosystem engineering geothermal energy Germany genetic engineering and Nazism and subscription farms and Gilman, Nils Gleick, Peter “Global Baby Bust, The” (Longman) Global Business Network/Monitor (GBN) global dimming Global Earth Observation System of Systems Global Fund for Women globalization Global Justice Ecology Project Global Metagenomics Initiative Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) Global Research Technologies Global Soil Map glyphosate (Roundup) Gofman, John Gold, Lois golden rice Goldsmith, Edward Gonsalves, Dennis Gore, Albert Gosliner, Terry Gottfried, David Gould, Stephen Jay Graham, Paul Grameen Bank Grameenphone Great Britain environmental movement and genetic engineering and nuclear power and GreenFacts.org greenhouse gases “Green Manhattan” (Owen) Green Party Greenpeace Green Phoenix (Allen) Green Revolution Gressel, Jonathan Griffith, Saul Growing Up Urban (UN) “Growth, Innovation, Scaling, and the Pace of Life in Cities” (West et al.)

 

pages: 128 words: 38,187

The New Prophets of Capital by Nicole Aschoff

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3D printing, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, Bretton Woods, clean water, collective bargaining, crony capitalism, feminist movement, follow your passion, Food sovereignty, glass ceiling, global supply chain, global value chain, helicopter parent, hiring and firing, income inequality, Khan Academy, late capitalism, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, means of production, performance metric, profit motive, rent-seeking, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, school vouchers, shareholder value, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Slavoj Žižek, structural adjustment programs, Thomas L Friedman, Tim Cook: Apple, urban renewal, women in the workforce, working poor

Framing the issue as “work-life balance”—as if the two were diametrically opposed—practically ensures work will lose out. Who would ever choose work over life?12 Women’s decisions to give up on their ambitions as adults are often the result of learned dispositions and habits acquired during childhood. But despite this socialization and its long-term effects, Sandberg doesn’t really believe in glass ceilings or see the need for affirmative action. She thinks the main force holding women back—at least educated women—is their own hang-ups and fears. Women don’t need favors, they just need to believe in themselves. “Fear is at the root of so many of the barriers that women face … Without fear, women can pursue professional success and personal fulfillment.”13 Deborah Gruenfeld calls Sandberg a post-feminist—a woman who believes that “when you blame someone else for keeping you back, you are accepting your powerlessness.”14 So how should women take power and the corner office?

 

pages: 389 words: 210,632

Frommer's Oregon by Karl Samson

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airport security, Burning Man, carbon footprint, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, indoor plumbing, sustainable-tourism, transcontinental railway, upwardly mobile, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Works Progress Administration

Expensive Arch Cape House A cedar-shingled château on the Oregon coast? Seems like a natural to me. Not only is this country inn a gorgeous interpretation of a French château, but it is one of the most luxurious lodging places on the entire coast. Each of the rooms fulfills a different fantasy of the perfect romantic escape. There is the Tower Room, with its circular breakfast nook and soaking tub; the Tapestry Room, with a stained-glass ceiling and a soaking tub; and the Tuscan spa, with a stone sink and private sauna. Lavish three-course breakfasts are served in the conservatory, and a dining room serves full dinners as well. So luxurious is this place that the fact that you aren’t right on the beach doesn’t even seem to matter. 31970 E. Ocean Lane, Arch Cape, OR 97102. & 800/436-2848 or 503/436-2800. Fax 503/436-1206. www. archcapeinn.com. 10 units. $179–$399 double.

Amenities: Restaurant, lounge. In room: No phone. In Baker City Built in 1889 at the height of the region’s gold rush, the Geiser Grand is by far the grandest hotel in eastern Oregon. With its corner turret and clock tower, the hotel is a classic 19th-century Western luxury hotel. In the center of the hotel is the Geiser Grill (p. 348) dining room, above which is suspended the largest stained-glass ceiling in the Northwest. Throughout the hotel, including in all the guest rooms, ornate crystal chandeliers add a crowning touch. Guest rooms also feature 10-foot windows, most of which look out to the Blue Mountains. The two cupola suites are the most luxurious, and evocative of the past. These two suites also have whirlpool tubs. Meals are served both in the formal dining room and in the much more relaxed 1889 Geiser Grand Hotel 15_537718-ch12.indd 347 L A G R A N D E , B A K E R C I T Y & T H E B LU E M O U N TA I N S In Union 3/17/10 2:08 PM 348 saloon.

Baker City Café SANDWICHES/PIZZA Locals flock to this casual, down-home spot not only for its good pizza by the slice, but also for its fun country-clutter sort of decor. If you’re not in the mood for pizza, there are also sandwiches, soups, and a daily pasta dish on the menu. 1840 Main St. & 541/523-6099. Main courses $6–$15. DISC, MC, V. Mon–Fri 10am–3pm; Sat 11am–2pm. Geiser Grill AMERICAN Located in the central court of the historic Geiser Grand Hotel (p. 347), this restaurant, with its stained-glass ceiling, conjures a gold-rushera elegance. Mesquite-smoked prime rib and the wide variety of steaks are always good 15_537718-ch12.indd 348 3/17/10 2:08 PM 349 Chinese History in Eastern Oregon In the Geiser Grand Hotel, 1996 Main St. & 541/523-1889. www.geisergrand.com. Reservations recommended. Main courses $4–$19. AE, MC, V. Mon–Fri 7–10am, 11am–2pm, and 4:30–9pm; Sat–Sun 7am– 2pm and 4:30–9pm.

 

pages: 1,085 words: 219,144

Solr in Action by Trey Grainger, Timothy Potter

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business intelligence, cloud computing, conceptual framework, crowdsourcing, data acquisition, en.wikipedia.org, failed state, fault tolerance, finite state, full text search, glass ceiling, information retrieval, natural language processing, performance metric, premature optimization, recommendation engine, web application

Table 9.2 shows the eight fragments generated by GapFragmenter for the second document in our search results; the sighting description is 742 characters long, so generating eight fragments makes sense (seven fragments of roughly 100 characters and one short fragment with the remaining characters). Table 9.2. Breakdown of eight fragments with scores generated for an example UFO sighting Fragment Score Brilliant blue oblong object zooms horizontally across southern sky at 2 in the morning. I awoke 1.0 suddenly because of the silence. Rain had been thundering on the glass ceiling, but suddenly I woke up 1.0 realizing the rain had stopped and there was complete silence (I sleep with windows open.) I looked 1.0 at the clock ... 2 AM ... and I looked at the sky through the glass ceiling. (I live on a lake so have a clear 0.0 view of the southern sky with no interference from trees, lights or houses.) Every star in the universe 0.0 was shining and suddenly, across the horizon, zoomed a brilliant blue something ... from west to east 1.0 . Horizontal, no arc. Fast. Huge.

Notice that the additional terms returned by the default highlighter (Not a lightning storm, no thunder) are not returned by PostingsHighlighter. Behind the scenes, PostingsHighlighter uses a sentence-aware approach to fragmenting based on Java’s BreakIterator class (see java.text.BreakIterator). For the second document in the results set for listing 9.2, PostingsHighlighter returns Brilliant blue oblong object zooms horizontally across southern sky at 2 in the morning. ... Rain had been thundering on the glass ceiling, but suddenly I woke up realizing the rain had stopped and there was complete silence (I sleep with windows open.) Unlike the other highlighters, PostingsHighlighter returns all snippets in one continuous string separated by an ellipsis (...). In addition to the benefits of speed and reduced indexing overhead, Postings-Highlighter uses a more advanced similarity calculation, called BM25, for scoring fragments.

 

pages: 489 words: 111,305

How the World Works by Noam Chomsky, Arthur Naiman, David Barsamian

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affirmative action, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business climate, capital controls, clean water, corporate governance, deindustrialization, Fall of the Berlin Wall, feminist movement, glass ceiling, Howard Zinn, income inequality, interchangeable parts, Isaac Newton, joint-stock company, labour market flexibility, land reform, Monroe Doctrine, offshore financial centre, Plutocrats, plutocrats, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, single-payer health, strikebreaker, Telecommunications Act of 1996, transfer pricing, union organizing, War on Poverty, working poor

The elite are the masters, and they follow what Smith called their “vile maxim”—namely, all for ourselves and nothing for anyone else. You say that class transcends race, essentially. It certainly does. For example, the United States could become a color-free society. It’s possible. I don’t think it’s going to happen, but it’s perfectly possible that it would happen, and it would hardly change the political economy at all—just as women could pass through the “glass ceiling” and that wouldn’t change the political economy at all. That’s one of the reasons why you commonly find the business sector reasonably willing to support efforts to overcome racism and sexism. It doesn’t matter that much for them. You lose a little white-male privilege in the executive suite, but that’s not all that important as long as the basic institutions of power and domination survive intact.

See also Israel American Jews in antisemitism in Israel occupation of Palestinians expelled from Rabin in Gehlen, Reinhard Gehlen, Richard General Electric General Motors in conspiracy factories moved to East Germany foreign investments by in Poland genocide Germany corporations based in demonstrations in East Germany Holocaust in industrial policy in labor costs in labor in POWs in public control possible in racism in unemployment in as world power Ghandi, Indira Gingrich, Newt conference attended by globalization and Lockheed used as example by military budget and Gitlin, Todd “glass ceiling,” globalization conspiracy theories about of corporate mercantilism in early 20th century economic resistance to World Economic Forum GNP of US “God-and-country” rally Godoy, Julio Golan Heights Golden, Tim Golden Triangle Goldwater, Barry good examples, threat of Goodland, Robert Good Neighbor policy “Good Samaritan” robbery Gore-Perot NAFTA debate government corporate welfare of as modifiable need to use at this point seen as enemy, in US “grace, paradox of,” Grand Area grassroots propaganda Greece intervention after WWII Serb conflict and Green Party Greider, William Grenada drug trafficking in US aid to US invasion of Grossman, Richard group vs. individual advantage Guaraní Guatemala CIA in CIA memorandum (1952) example made of Jennifer Harbury case in La Epoca destruction military coup in 1944 revolution peace treaty (December, 1996) right-wing view of atrocities in torture and slaughter in Guinea (former) Gulf crisis Iraqi issues with Kuwait “linkage,” rejection of diplomacy in UN response to Iraq US opposition to “linkage” in Gulf War gun control gun culture Gush Katif Gusmao, Xanana Gypsies Ha’aretz Haddad, Sa’ad Haganah Haiti aftermath of coup in Aristide’s election in baseball production in Bush administration policies toward civil society in Clinton administration policies toward Clinton backing down on democratic institutions in Disney exploitation in drug trafficking in embargo and US trade with invasion by US nonviolence and poverty in prospects for refugees from, US policy toward softball production in US hostility to wages in Hamas Hamilton, Alexander Harbury, Jennifer Harding, Tonya hard times, myth of Harlem Harper’s Harvard Business School Harvard Medical School Harvard University Hasanfus, Eugene Havel, Vaclav health class as determinant of in Kerala US vs.

 

pages: 618 words: 159,672

Fodor's Rome: With the Best City Walks and Scenic Day Trips by Fodor's Travel Publications Inc.

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call centre, Donald Trump, glass ceiling, haute couture, haute cuisine, Honoré de Balzac, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Mason jar, Murano, Venice glass, urban planning, young professional

It took 10 years and cost some €150 million, but for lovers of contemporary art and architecture, the MAXXI—Italy’s first national museum devoted to contemporary creativity—was worth it. The building alone impresses, as it should: the design, by Anglo-Iraqi starchitect Zaha Hadid, won over 272 other contest entries. The building plays with lots of natural light, curving and angular lines, and big open spaces, all meant to question the division between “within” and “without” (think glass ceilings and steel staircases that twist through the air). While not every critic adored it in its 2010 unveiling, more and more Romans are becoming delighted by this surprisingly playful space. The museum hosts temporary exhibits on art, architecture, film, and more; past shows have showcased Michelangelo Pistoletto and Pietro Nervi. From the permanent collection, rotated through the museum, more than 350 works represent artists including Andy Warhol, Francesco Clemente, and Gerhard Richter.

. $$$$ | HOTEL | Once one of Rome’s landmark fixtures, this 17th-century palazzo used to be a favorite address for everyone from Stendhal to Sartre along with a bevy of crowned (and uncrowned—Carlotta, the deposed empress of Mexico resided here for a while) heads but none would recognize the former grand hotel since its zillion-dollar renovation two decades ago: results were mixed, from the gaudy (that lobby glass ceiling) to the great (the rooftop restaurant, which allows you to almost touch the dome of the Pantheon). Happily, it retains its prime position in the lovely square that is home to Bernini’s elephant obelisk and just around the corner from Hadrian’s mighty temple. Though many of the rooms have had a face-lift in recent years, several guest rooms still have furnishings that are a bit outdated and worn around the edges.

 

pages: 497 words: 130,817

Pedigree: How Elite Students Get Elite Jobs by Lauren A. Rivera

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affirmative action, availability heuristic, barriers to entry, Donald Trump, fundamental attribution error, glass ceiling, income inequality, job satisfaction, knowledge economy, meta analysis, meta-analysis, new economy, performance metric, profit maximization, profit motive, school choice, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, The Wisdom of Crowds, unpaid internship, women in the workforce, young professional

BRENT: We don’t see a lot of students from top-tier schools at those job fairs; we’re seeing mostly students from middle- to what we would consider lower-tier schools…. We have plenty of really good students from top schools that we don’t have to [recruit from lower tiers]. LAUREN: Why do you think prestige is important? BRENT: Because that’s the base the firm wants. Because the partners are from those schools. Such pressures could result in a glass ceiling for minority students who did not attend top-ranked schools. In theory, the fairs gave these students opportunities to enter the pipeline. But in practice, since firms excluded from consideration most candidates from lower-tier schools, diversity fairs were a set of false doors. Of course, there were exceptions. These included students whose high-status connections to a firm linked them to individual sponsors (this is discussed in the next section), those who had been selected by third-party organizations to participate in special internship programs designated specifically for minority candidates (e.g., Sponsors for Educational Opportunity [SEO], discussed in chapter 10), and in the case of law firms, students who had clerked for reputable judges.37 Yet these types of entry tended to be distributed differentially according to school prestige, race, and socioeconomic status.

Forthcoming. “Go with Your Gut: Emotion and Evaluation in Hiring.” American Journal of Sociology. Rivera, Lauren, and Michèle Lamont. 2012. “Price vs. Pets, Schools vs. Styles: The Residential Priorities of the American Upper-Middle Class.” Presentation at the Eastern Sociological Association annual meeting, New York, August. Rivera, Lauren, Jayanti Owens, and Katherine Gan. 2015. “Glass Floors and Glass Ceilings: Sex Homophily and Heterophily in Hiring.” Working paper, Northwestern University. Rokeach, Milton. 1979. Understanding Human Values. New York: Free Press. Roose, Kevin. 2014. Young Money: Inside the Hidden World of Wall Street’s Post-Crash Recruits. New York: Grand Central Publishing. Roscigno, Vincent. 2007. The Face of Discrimination: How Race and Gender Impact Work and Home Lives. New York: Rowman and Littlefield.

 

pages: 399 words: 116,828

When Work Disappears: The World of the New Urban Poor by William Julius Wilson

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affirmative action, citizen journalism, collective bargaining, conceptual framework, declining real wages, deindustrialization, deliberate practice, desegregation, Donald Trump, edge city, ending welfare as we know it, full employment, George Gilder, ghettoisation, glass ceiling, income inequality, informal economy, labor-force participation, labour market flexibility, low skilled workers, low-wage service sector, manufacturing employment, new economy, New Urbanism, pink-collar, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, school choice, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Chicago School, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban renewal, War on Poverty, working poor, working-age population, Works Progress Administration

Tide VII also forbids employment discrimination by labor unions and employment agencies of any size, and by the executive branch of the federal government”(Bloch [1994], pp. 48–49) 40 However, if the more advantaged members of minority groups: Fiskin (1983). 41 Thus, policies of affirmative action: Fiskin (1983), Loury (1984), and Loury (1995). 42 quotation from William L. Taylor: Taylor (1986), p. 1714. 43 as long as minorities are underrepresented in higher-paying … positions: A recent report revealed that 95 percent of the senior management positions (vice president and above) are held by white men, who constitute only 29 percent of the workforce. Glass Ceiling Commission (1995). 44 some liberals have argued for a shift from an affirmative action based on race: See, for example, Kahlenberg (1995). 45 The major distinguishing characteristic … based on need: Fishkin (1983) has related this type of affirmative action to the principle of equality of life chances. Noel Salinger of the Harris School of Public Policy Studies, University of Chicago, helped to shape some of the views I express here on affirmative action. 46 the long-term intergenerational effects of having one’s life choices limited by race: Heckman (1995). 47 However, “a federal policy of rapid desegregation”: Jargowsky (1994), p. 310. 48 The gains, over a period of decades, could be substantial: Jargowsky (1994). 49 “But the experiment is being closely watched”: New York Times (1994). 50 quotation from Vivian Henderson, Henderson (1975), p. 54. 51 quotation from Joseph A.

Unemployed Parents: Evaluation of Effects of Welfare Benefits on Family Stability. PEMD-92–19BR. Washington, D.C. Gilder, George. 1981. Wealth and Poverty. New York: Basic Books. Gittleman, Maury B., and David R. Howell. 1993. “Job Quality and Labor Market Segmentation in the 1980s: A New Perspective on the Effects of Employment Restructuring by Race and Gender.” Working paper no. 82, Jerome Levy Economics Institute, Bard College, March. Glass Ceiling Commission. 1995. “Good for Business: Making Full Use of the Nation’s Human Capital.” U.S. Department of Labor, March. Greenberg, Mark. 1993. Beyond Stereotypes: What State AFDC Studies on Length of Stay Tell Us About Welfare as a “Way of Life.” Center for Law and Social Policy. Greenstein, Robert. 1991. “Universal and Targeted Approaches to Relieving Poverty: An Alternative View.” In The Urban Underclass, edited by Christopher Jencks and Paul E.

 

pages: 188 words: 57,229

Frommer's Memorable Walks in San Francisco by Erika Lenkert

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Albert Einstein, Bay Area Rapid Transit, car-free, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, South of Market, San Francisco

Take a walk through the lobby. Even countless renovations haven’t entirely squelched the hotel’s majestic, oldworld feel. As spectacular as the old regal lobby is the Garden Court, a San Francisco landmark that’s been restored to its original 1909 grandeur. Take a peek into the Garden Court, if only to look at the massive Italianmarble Ionic columns, enormous chandeliers, and the 80,000-pane stained-glass ceiling. You also might want to duck into the Pied Piper Bar to check out its $2.5-million Maxfield Parrish mural. Upon leaving the hotel, if you turn left, you’ll find yourself on Market Street, where you can catch any number of public buses or, if you’ve got the stamina, head a few blocks northwest to embark on the Union Square tour. • Walking Tour 9 • The Culture & Color of the Mission District Start: Corner of 24th and Mission streets.

 

pages: 209 words: 63,649

The Purpose Economy: How Your Desire for Impact, Personal Growth and Community Is Changing the World by Aaron Hurst

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3D printing, Airbnb, Atul Gawande, barriers to entry, big-box store, business process, call centre, carbon footprint, citizen journalism, corporate social responsibility, crowdsourcing, disintermediation, Elon Musk, Firefox, glass ceiling, greed is good, housing crisis, informal economy, Jane Jacobs, jimmy wales, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, Lean Startup, means of production, new economy, pattern recognition, Peter Singer: altruism, Peter Thiel, Ray Oldenburg, remote working, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Steve Jobs, TaskRabbit, Tony Hsieh, too big to fail, underbanked, women in the workforce, young professional, Zipcar

We are not alone. 82 percent of women in the United States now work, a 250 percent increase since the 1950s.11 Fewer than 7 percent of households have only a male breadwinner.12 This is a radical change in our households and lives. As the Industrial Economy gave way to the Information Economy, labor transitioned from a physical to an intellectual endeavor, an important factor in opening doors for women to join the workforce in legions. Despite a persistent glass ceiling at the top of most corporations, women have risen to higher-level roles in steadily increasing numbers, and this has contributed to another core driver of the growth of the Purpose Economy. Economics has historically been a male-dominated profession, and so it is of little surprise that household work was never considered in the calculation of the nation’s economic output. The most important and purpose-rich work done in our society was left off the books and devalued.

 

pages: 177 words: 50,167

The Populist Explosion: How the Great Recession Transformed American and European Politics by John B. Judis

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affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, back-to-the-land, Bernie Sanders, Bretton Woods, capital controls, centre right, collapse of Lehman Brothers, deindustrialization, desegregation, Donald Trump, eurozone crisis, financial deregulation, first-past-the-post, full employment, ghettoisation, glass ceiling, hiring and firing, illegal immigration, immigration reform, income inequality, invisible hand, laissez-faire capitalism, means of production, neoliberal agenda, obamacare, Occupy movement, open borders, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Post-materialism, post-materialism, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, War on Poverty, We are the 99%, white flight, Winter of Discontent

Fearful of a Le Pen victory, Jospin and the Socialists advised their voters to support the unpopular incumbent Jacques Chirac, the candidate of the center-right Rally for the Republic, in the next round. As a result, Chirac was able to rout Le Pen, 82 percent to 18 percent, in the final runoff. Le Pen’s failure in the second round suggested that there were strict limits to the FN’s popularity. Too many voters identified the FN with the hated Vichy regime and thought of its leader as an anti-Semitic extremist. As his daughter Marine Le Pen put it, there was a “glass ceiling” that the FN could not break through. The 2007 election appeared to confirm that. Nicolas Sarkozy, who had been interior minister in Chirac’s administration, and was running as the candidate of the center-right UMP, took a hard line against the immigrant youths who had rioted in 2005 and against immigrants in general. If they don’t “love France,” he declared, they should “leave it,” and he proposed cutting immigration.

 

The Death and Life of Monterey Bay: A Story of Revival by Dr. Stephen R Palumbi Phd, Ms. Carolyn Sotka M. A.

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California gold rush, clean water, glass ceiling, land tenure, Ronald Reagan, Works Progress Administration

Taking a system that had been ill-defined and chaotic, she devised a simple list of stages that is still used by farmers, students, and scientists today to follow the progress of chick development. As she did throughout her civic career, Julia showed a gift for taking complex issues and boiling them down to their bare essentials. Summer research at the Marine Biological Labs in Woods Hole, Massachusetts allowed her to delve into marine biology, a career she was determined to pursue. But throughout her training, Julia’s ambitions continued to bump against the glass ceiling of academia. A woman could not pursue a zoology Ph.D. in the United States in the late 1800s. However, the University of Freiburg in Baden, Germany offered her a chance to pursue an advanced degree, and she was one of the first women to obtain a zoological Ph.D. there. Julia researched the developing embryos of a small shark named the spiny dogfish, penning the first description of how the primitive vertebrate spinal cord sprouts a brain.

 

pages: 339 words: 83,725

Fodor's Madrid and Side Trips by Fodor's

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Atahualpa, call centre, Francisco Pizarro, glass ceiling, Isaac Newton, traffic fines, young professional

Cons: you’ll have to upgrade if you want good views; extra fee for Wi-Fi. | Pl. Cánovas del Castillo 4, Retiro | 28014 | 91/330–2400 | www.nh-hoteles.es | 114 rooms, 5 suites | In-room: safe, Wi-Fi. In-hotel: restaurant | AE, DC, MC, V | Station: Banco de España Jardín de Recoletos. $$$ | This apartment hotel offers great value on a quiet street close to Plaza Colón and upmarket Calle Serrano. The large lobby has marble floors and a stained-glass ceiling and adjoins a café, restaurant, and the hotel’s restful private garden. The large rooms, with light wood trim and beige-and-yellow furnishings, include sitting and dining areas. “Superior” rooms and suites have hydromassage baths and large terraces. Book well in advance. Pros: spacious rooms with kitchens; good for families. Cons: bland decor. | Gil de Santivañes 6, Salamanca | 28001 | 91/781–1640 | www.vphoteles.com | 36 rooms, 7 suites | In-room: kitchen, Internet, Wi-Fi.

 

pages: 244 words: 70,369

Tough Sh*t: Life Advice From a Fat, Lazy Slob Who Did Good by Kevin Smith

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glass ceiling, McJob, Saturday Night Live, short selling

The View Askew films earned their R ratings for potty-mouthed frank talk between dudes about sex with their girlfriends who didn’t understand their love for geeky shit, and how they felt about Star Wars, and maybe even, from time to time, each other. None of those flicks ever made more than thirty million dollars at the box office, even with the brilliance of the Miramax marketing team behind them. So if you made ’em cheaply enough, you could enjoy a modicum of success—that modicum never surpassing thirty million. Then Judd Apatow and the Universal marketing department shattered the bromance glass ceiling with The 40-Year-Old Virgin, Knocked Up, and Superbad, taking similarly themed R-rated comedies to hundred-million-dollar grosses. The type of flick I’d popularized was suddenly in vogue; when I saw this happening, I figured I was finally gonna get a piece of that pie. So I pitched Zack and Miri Make a Porno to Harvey over breakfast at the Peninsula Hotel, and he green-lighted it then and there on the title alone.

 

Toast by Stross, Charles

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anthropic principle, Buckminster Fuller, cosmological principle, dark matter, double helix, Ernest Rutherford, Extropian, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, glass ceiling, gravity well, Khyber Pass, Mars Rover, Mikhail Gorbachev, NP-complete, oil shale / tar sands, peak oil, performance metric, phenotype, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, slashdot, speech recognition, strong AI, traveling salesman, Turing test, urban renewal, Vernor Vinge, Whole Earth Review, Y2K

It wouldn’t fool a human detective or a mature deity, but it might confuse an embryonic god that had not yet reached full omniscience, or internalized all that it meant to be human. The shop was just about open. I had two hours to kill, so I bought a couple of newspapers and headed for the deli store, inside an ornate lump of Victorian architecture that squatted like a vagrant beneath the grimy glass ceiling of the station. The papers made for depressing reading; the idiots were at it again. I’ve worked in a variety of world lines and seen a range of histories, and many of them were far worse than this one—at least these people had made it past the twentieth century without nuking themselves until they glowed in the dark, exterminating everyone with white (or black, or brown, or blue) skin, or building a global panopticon theocracy.

 

pages: 239 words: 64,812

Geek Sublime: The Beauty of Code, the Code of Beauty by Vikram Chandra

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Alan Turing: On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem, Apple II, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, British Empire, business process, conceptual framework, create, read, update, delete, crowdsourcing, East Village, European colonialism, finite state, Firefox, Flash crash, glass ceiling, Grace Hopper, haute couture, iterative process, Jaron Lanier, John von Neumann, land reform, London Whale, Paul Graham, pink-collar, revision control, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Skype, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, theory of mind, Therac-25, Turing machine, wikimedia commons, women in the workforce

Although an average American programmer’s knowledge is limited to a certain technology or a programming language, they master the hell out of that, and have a higher probability of innovating something new in their area. Average Indian and Chinese programmers, on the other hand, tend to be all over the place and are least likely to innovate something new in their specific area.82 In reference to the success of Indians in Silicon Valley, the tech entrepreneur and academic Vivek Wadhwa credits efficient and ceaseless networking: The first few [company founders] who cracked the glass ceiling had open discussions about the hurdles they had faced. They agreed that the key to uplifting their community, and fostering more entrepreneurship in general, was to teach and mentor the next generation of entrepreneurs. They formed networking organizations to teach others about starting businesses, and to bring people together. These organizations helped to mobilize the information, knowhow, skill, and capital needed to start technology companies … The first generation of successful entrepreneurs—people like Sun Microsystems co-founder Vinod Khosla—served as visible, vocal, role models and mentors.

 

pages: 245 words: 72,391

Alan Partridge: Nomad: Nomad by Alan Partridge

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cuban missile crisis, glass ceiling, rolodex, Skype, University of East Anglia

And while no shoot would ever be allowed to take place without a rigorous risk assessment that reduces the chances of anything going wrong to more or less zero, I’ve no doubt the shows appear extremely impressive, especially to the children at whom they are aimed. But despite the attraction of having a surname that sounds like a knitted garment worn by a grandma, Back-shawl’s core audience can only take him so far. Marooned in the no man’s land between Bear Grylls and Terry Nutkins, his career has hit a glass ceiling. Finding out that Backshall is due to arrive any minute, I decide to leave. Steve’s a young fella trying to make his way in broadcasting, and even though it’s not something that particularly bothers me, I can imagine how important the adulation of these people is to his self-esteem. The last thing he needs is an 800-pound gorilla stealing his thunder. I do track down the organisers and give them my number – as the senior broadcaster I’d be happy for Steve to call if he needs any advice on how to handle the media, how to grow his brand or indeed how to knock some of the rough edges off his presenting style75 – but with that done, it’s time to get on my way.

 

pages: 224 words: 69,494

Mobility: A New Urban Design and Transport Planning Philosophy for a Sustainable Future by John Whitelegg

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active transport: walking or cycling, Berlin Wall, British Empire, car-free, conceptual framework, congestion charging, corporate social responsibility, decarbonisation, energy transition, eurozone crisis, glass ceiling, megacity, meta analysis, meta-analysis, New Urbanism, peak oil, post-industrial society, price mechanism, smart cities, telepresence, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Spirit Level, transit-oriented development, urban planning, urban sprawl

The German experience points to the importance of a non-obesogenic environment, high quality, safe walking, cycling and public transport offers and an accessibility rich urban structure i.e. the city of short distances. Women It should not come as a surprise to find that the mobility paradigm discriminates in favour of men and against women. At a wider societal level there is a widespread recognition that women have more difficulty progressing to higher levels of salary and status than men (the “glass ceiling” problem), women earn less than men for doing similar work and the proportion of women in senior positions in local or central government is low or very low. Whitelegg (2013) analysed the proportion of women in municipal government (low) and linked this with the preferences of men and women for different outcomes to explain why, in the UK at least, there are poor quality outcomes from our local councils.

 

pages: 274 words: 73,344

Found in Translation: How Language Shapes Our Lives and Transforms the World by Nataly Kelly, Jost Zetzsche

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airport security, Berlin Wall, Celtic Tiger, crowdsourcing, Donald Trump, glass ceiling, Machine translation of "The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak." to Russian and back, randomized controlled trial, Ray Kurzweil, Skype, speech recognition, Steve Jobs, the market place

In China, the term hangtianyuan or (sky sailor) is the preferred name for space travelers. An older but related term that predated the Chinese space program was yuhangyuan or (space sailor). And which word does the Chinese government use for its official publications in English? Not taikonaut, but rather, astronaut.15 Flowery Words Back on planet Earth, we arrive at the Bellagio. From the opulent Chihuly glass ceiling in its lobby to the sumptuous fabrics in its guest rooms, the upscale Las Vegas hotel exudes elegance and luxury. The hotel prides itself on meticulous service and exceeding guest expectations. One in every four guests at the Bellagio comes from another country, predominantly Brazil, Mexico, Japan, Germany, France, Portugal, Italy, and Spain. For its most elite guests, the Bellagio goes even further to cater to every whim.

 

pages: 1,201 words: 233,519

Coders at Work by Peter Seibel

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Ada Lovelace, bioinformatics, cloud computing, Conway's Game of Life, domain-specific language, fault tolerance, Fermat's Last Theorem, Firefox, George Gilder, glass ceiling, HyperCard, information retrieval, loose coupling, Menlo Park, Metcalfe's law, premature optimization, publish or perish, random walk, revision control, Richard Stallman, rolodex, Saturday Night Live, side project, slashdot, speech recognition, the scientific method, Therac-25, Turing complete, Turing machine, Turing test, type inference, Valgrind, web application

Then I came back to the Research division and found it a very, very different environment than the one I had left essentially eight years earlier. There was a significant glass ceiling. There were processes in place, lines of management. And the management structures had changed and decision-making had become much more formal, particularly about what projects to do and how to do them. And the number of women had changed and the position of women in the organization had significantly changed, and not for the good. And I was not happy about it, obviously. In 1970, '71, '72, I was 19 years or 18 years into a career that was just full of fun and opportunity. I never saw myself as advancing, but I felt I had the freedom to do what I felt was right and to work on interesting things in roles that I would enjoy. And I came back and found out that wasn't the case. Seibel: Do you think that glass ceiling had, in fact, been there before and you hadn't bumped up against it yet?

 

pages: 603 words: 186,210

Appetite for America: Fred Harvey and the Business of Civilizing the Wild West--One Meal at a Time by Stephen Fried

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Albert Einstein, British Empire, business intelligence, centralized clearinghouse, City Beautiful movement, estate planning, glass ceiling, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, indoor plumbing, Livingstone, I presume, new economy, Plutocrats, plutocrats, refrigerator car, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman, women in the workforce, Works Progress Administration, young professional

As the water kept rising and the winds gusted up to thirty-five miles an hour, Dave, ever the determined Fred Harvey man, insisted on going back out to keep a business appointment nearby. The client wasn’t there, so Dave optimistically rescheduled for an hour later and went back to the depot to call the Kansas City office. He sat in one of the second-floor offices overlooking the station’s large rectangular main room, waiting for the rain to stop pelting the domed glass ceiling. But before long, the water rose so high that the bay met the ocean, flooding the Fred Harvey lunchroom and forcing everyone upstairs. It crept higher for several hours, and then, at around 7:00 p.m., the wind began to wail, and the water suddenly rose four feet all at once. They were horrified to see the body of a drowned child among the debris floating through the station. All communications to Galveston Island were down, so it was nearly twenty-four hours before Ford could get any news at all—and when he did, it didn’t bode well.

The new building is mostly for buses and regional rail lines. The only Amtrak train that stops here is the Chief, which arrives once a day in each direction and, even today, is still greeted by Indians trying to sell their crafts. The sunset view from the Chief as it heads west from Albuquerque is amazing—especially if you take it in from Amtrak’s special observation car, which features extra-high arching windows, a glass ceiling, and comfy swivel seats. (For kids immune to nature’s charms, the observation car also has TV screens playing children’s movies nonstop.) As the solar light show ends and the stars begin to shimmer, the Chief pulls in to Winslow, Arizona, just in time for a late supper—and we get our first glimpse of Mary Colter’s masterpiece, La Posada, the way it was meant to be seen: from trackside. It is one of the most welcoming experiences available in American travel.

 

pages: 255 words: 90,456

Frommer's Irreverent Guide to San Francisco by Matthew Richard Poole

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Bay Area Rapid Transit, game design, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute cuisine, Loma Prieta earthquake, Maui Hawaii, pez dispenser, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, Torches of Freedom, upwardly mobile

Oscar Wilde was here when he was 27 years old and apparently drank the entire town under the table; Rudyard Kipling arrived a few years later but was rejected by both the Chronicle and Ambrose Bierce’s San Francisco Illustrated Wasp. The hotel’s most spectacular attributes remain the regal lobby and the Garden Court, a San Francisco landmark that has been restored to its original 1909 grandeur. A double row of massive Italian-marble Ionic columns flank the court, and 10 huge chandeliers dangle above. The real heart-stopper, however, is the 80,000-pane stained-glass ceiling (good special effects made Mike Douglas look like he fell through it in the movie The Game). Meanwhile, as long as you’re spending some money, consider the Huntington Hotel on Nob Hill, where Eugene and Carlotta O’Neill moved from the Fairmont after they left Tao House in Danville, some 30 miles away. Today the hotel is still a discreet lodging for the “old money” crowd that wants to be left alone, as far as possible from anything resembling flash or celebrity.

 

pages: 220 words: 88,994

1989 The Berlin Wall: My Part in Its Downfall by Peter Millar

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anti-communist, back-to-the-land, Berlin Wall, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, glass ceiling, kremlinology, Marshall McLuhan, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, pre–internet, QWERTY keyboard, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Sinatra Doctrine, urban sprawl, working-age population

In these pages, I have tried to introduce you to some of those people and convey a taste of the lives they led, in many ways so foreign to those of Britons or Americans in the second half of the twentieth century, yet every bit as typical of those decades. Between the affluence of ‘the West’ and the poverty of ‘the Third World’, was a second world, rarely referred to as such. Even those who lived there dared not speak its name: a world of making do, getting by, of living with the shadow of the past, a darkness in the present and little hope for the future. A world that shattered like a glass ceiling in those chaotic days of the autumn of 1989. I have tried also to answer at least in part one of those questions journalists are so often asked: how do you get the news? And another one that should be asked more often: what do you do with it when you get it? This is a short ride on a rollercoaster of a profession that many people wish they could get into and a good many others wish they could get out of.

 

pages: 342 words: 95,013

The Zenith Angle by Bruce Sterling

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airport security, Burning Man, cuban missile crisis, glass ceiling, Grace Hopper, half of the world's population has never made a phone call, Iridium satellite, market bubble, new economy, packet switching, pirate software, profit motive, RFID, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman: Challenger O-ring, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, thinkpad, V2 rocket, Y2K

I don’t even tell people that I once worked for Enron. The weirdest part is, that was like a totally plum job, too. I mean, Enron recruited the top of the top of the class. The best of the best. I was Enron fresh out of college.” Van sucked cold air through the gap in his broken teeth. “But thanks to you, I can make a brand-new career. In federal security, I can go just as far as my talent can take me. There’s no glass ceiling there! I mean, Janet Reno was Attorney General!” Resignedly, Van adjusted Fawn’s bedside bouquet. “Can I tell you one more thing, Van? You look so nice without that beard. You look so normal. I mean, that side of your face that isn’t swollen. I like your hair that way, too. It’s kind of like Sonny Bono before he became a congressman.” Fawn offered him her nicest smile. Then she sneaked a look at her watch.

 

Fodor's Dordogne & the Best of Southwest France With Paris by Fodor's Travel Publications Inc.

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call centre, glass ceiling, happiness index / gross national happiness, haute couture, haute cuisine, Murano, Venice glass, urban planning, young professional

In-hotel: Internet terminal, some pets allowed | AE, MC, V | Station: Trinité Hôtel Royal Fromentin. $$ | At the border of Montmartre’s now tamed red-light district sits this former cabaret with much of its Art Deco wood paneling and theatrical trappings intact. Prices are at the low end of its category. The hotel has dark, rich decor, with green walls, red armchairs, an antique caged elevator, and vaudeville posters in the stained-glass-ceiling lounge. Reproduction furniture, antique prints and oils, and busy modern fabrics fill out the larger-than-average rooms. Some windows face Sacré-Coeur. Guests receive a complimentary book illustrating the history of absinthe, which is once again served in the hotel’s historic bar. Pros: spacious rooms for the price; historic absinthe bar; close to Sacré-Coeur. Cons: some guests may find neighborhood peep shows and sex shops disturbing; far from the center of Paris. | 11 rueFromentin | 75009 | 01–48–74–85–93 | www.hotelroyalfromentin.com | 47 rooms | In-room: no a/c, Wi-Fi.

 

pages: 537 words: 99,778

Dreaming in Public: Building the Occupy Movement by Amy Lang, Daniel Lang/levitsky

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Bay Area Rapid Transit, bonus culture, British Empire, clean water, cognitive dissonance, collective bargaining, corporate governance, corporate personhood, crowdsourcing, David Graeber, deindustrialization, facts on the ground, glass ceiling, housing crisis, Kibera, late capitalism, Naomi Klein, Occupy movement, oil shale / tar sands, out of africa, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Port of Oakland, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, Slavoj Žižek, structural adjustment programs, the medium is the message, too big to fail, trade liberalization, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban renewal, War on Poverty, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, We are the 99%, white flight, working poor

It has broken the idea of American exceptionalism and linked US social distress and protest to the pink tide in Latin America, the Arab Spring and the pre-revolutionary strivings of the indignados of Club Med. This new radical imagination forces us to break with the liberal desires for reform of a structure that can no longer be plastered over, as termites have already eaten into its foundation. It forces us to break with multicultural upward mobility that has both succeeded in breaking the glass ceiling, and at the same time demonstrated its inability to operate on behalf of the multitudes. Neither liberal reform nor multiculturalism. We require something much deeper, something more radical. The answers to our questions and to the condition of bare life are not to be found in being cautious. We need to cultivate the imagination, for those who lack an imagination cannot know what lacks. ♦ leftturn.org/occupying-imagination-cultivating-new-politics ROBIN HOOD WAS RIGHT The Oakland Commune Aaron Bady 5 December 2011 As a site of resistance, ‘Wall Street’ is a metonym for a system, a transnational apparatus of capital and political oligarchy.

 

pages: 346 words: 101,255

The Big Necessity: The Unmentionable World of Human Waste and Why It Matters by Rose George

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American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, Anton Chekhov, Celtic Tiger, clean water, glass ceiling, indoor plumbing, informal economy, job satisfaction, John Snow's cholera map, joint-stock company, land reform, New Urbanism, Potemkin village, Report Card for America’s Infrastructure, Steven Pinker, urban planning

Plenty of politicians in India’s upper house are Dalit. Under India’s Scheduled Castes reservations system—which is controversial but widely implemented—Dalits benefit from positive discrimination in employment and university places. But they are still Dalits, and there is still caste. Surveys show that the majority of young Indians still expect to have an arranged marriage, and 40 percent won’t marry outside their own caste or state. The glass ceiling pressing down upon the scavengers’ heads consists of cultural prejudices, but also of economics. When I first wrote about manual scavengers for the American magazine Jane, the first draft of my story came back punctuated with the editor’s questions. She couldn’t understand why scavengers felt obliged to do this work, and who employed them. She wrote, “Who are their bosses? Uneducated farmers?

 

pages: 349 words: 112,333

The Mark Inside: A Perfect Swindle, a Cunning Revenge, and a Small History of the Big Con by Amy Reading

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Frederick Winslow Taylor, glass ceiling, joint-stock company, new economy, shareholder value, transcontinental railway, upwardly mobile

Norfleet’s sting properly began the next morning, when he put on his bunchy suit and his too-small Panama hat and headed for the Brown Palace Hotel on Seventeenth Street, the elegant anchor of the city’s business district and the main pond in which the steerers fished. Robert Maiden, one of Van Cise’s private detectives, was watching him, and he recorded in his surveillance notes that Norfleet first entered the Brown Palace on August 22, 1922, at 11:10 a.m. As soon as he did, Norfleet saw a steerer lounging in a club chair, but first he would play his big entrance to the hilt. He walked into the atrium under the stained-glass ceiling eight stories above him, a room that had held royals, millionaires, and Roosevelts. He stood for a moment in his homespun shagginess, letting his incongruity sharpen, and then he pounced on a man who had just entered the atrium with his two young daughters. “Well, well, I thought I knowed you,” Norfleet exclaimed, pumping his hand. “You’re Mr. Woolridge from down my way in Texas, ain’t you?”

 

pages: 310 words: 91,151

Leaving Microsoft to Change the World: An Entrepreneur's Odyssey to Educate the World's Children by John Wood

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airport security, British Empire, call centre, clean water, corporate social responsibility, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, fear of failure, glass ceiling, high net worth, income per capita, Jeff Bezos, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, microcredit, Own Your Own Home, random walk, rolodex, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Skype, Steve Ballmer

Sophie was averse to taking the time away from her job. A bigger issue was that she had no interest in joining me on my travels. Her preferred holiday was more Four Seasons than Third World. A six-foot, blue-eyed blonde from rural Kansas, Sophie reveled in our glamorous expatriate lifestyle. In her words, she had escaped the rural Midwest and embraced the world. After too long being in junior roles, she had busted through the glass ceiling and now ran the China operations for an international advertising agency. I was proud of her. But her focus on career was defining most of our existence. When we’d fallen in love, much of our time was spent hiking, discussing great books, exploring Australia, reading, and making bold and exotic travel plans. Over the last six months, things had changed. As she focused on her role in China, many of our shared passions had been thrown overboard.

 

pages: 359 words: 98,396

Family Trade by Stross, Charles

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British Empire, glass ceiling, haute couture, indoor plumbing, land reform, new economy, trade route

But they caught him; he was just a drunk. Random chance.” ” ‘Random chance.’” Matthias sniffed. “Do not underestimate random chance.” “I don’t,” she said tersely. “Listen, why the third degree?” “Because.” He stared at her unblinkingly: “I take a personal interest in all threats to Clan security.” “Bullshit. You’re secretary to the duke. And a member of the outer families, I believe?” She looked up at him. ‘That puts a glass ceiling right over your head, doesn’t it? You sit in Fort Lofstrom like a spider, pulling strings, and you run things in Boston when the duke is elsewhere, but only by proxy. Don’t you? So what’s in it for you?” “You are mistaken.” Matthias’s eyes glinted by candlelight. “To get here, I left the duke’s side this morning.” “Oh, I get it. Someone gave you a lift across and you caught the train.” “Yes.”

 

pages: 404 words: 113,514

Atrocity Archives by Stross, Charles

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airport security, anthropic principle, Berlin Wall, brain emulation, British Empire, Buckminster Fuller, defense in depth, disintermediation, experimental subject, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, hypertext link, Khyber Pass, mandelbrot fractal, Menlo Park, NP-complete, the medium is the message, Y2K, yield curve

I lean back in my chair, tipping it on two legs; my head aches abominably. "I get the picture." My third interrogator pipes up in a reedy voice: "This isn't the whole story, is it, Robert?" I stare at her, annoyed. "Probably not, no." Bridget is a blonde yuppwardly-mobile executive, her sights fixed on the dizzying heights of the cabinet office in seeming ignorance of the bulletproof glass ceiling that hovers over all of us who work in the Laundry. Her main job description seems to be making life shitty for everybody farther down the ladder, principally by way of her number one henchperson, Harriet. She holds forth, strictly for the record: "I'm unhappy about the way this assignment was set up. This was supposed to be a straightforward meet-andpitch session, barely one rung up from having our local consul pay a social call.

 

pages: 363 words: 104,113

Clan Corporate by Stross, Charles

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glass ceiling, indoor plumbing, liquidity trap, RFID

I figure I’m not good for many more years, even with the drugs, but while I’m around I can watch your back. Do you see?” “That was a mistake, it would seem.” “Oh yes.” Iris was silent for almost a minute. “Because there are no grandchildren, and in the terms of the game that means I’m not a full player. I thought for a while your business plans on the other side would serve instead, but there’s the glass ceiling again: you’re a woman. You’ve set yourself up to do something that just isn’t in the rules, so lots of people want to take you down. They want to make you play the game, to conform to expectations, because that reinforces their own role. If you don’t conform, you threaten them, so they’ll use that as an excuse to destroy you. And now they’ve got me as a hostage to use against you.” “Oh. Oh shit.”

 

pages: 397 words: 109,631

Mindware: Tools for Smart Thinking by Richard E. Nisbett

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affirmative action, Albert Einstein, availability heuristic, big-box store, Cass Sunstein, choice architecture, cognitive dissonance, correlation coefficient, correlation does not imply causation, cosmological constant, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, dark matter, endowment effect, experimental subject, feminist movement, fundamental attribution error, glass ceiling, Henri Poincaré, Isaac Newton, job satisfaction, lake wobegon effect, libertarian paternalism, loss aversion, low skilled workers, Menlo Park, meta analysis, meta-analysis, quantitative easing, Richard Thaler, Ronald Reagan, Socratic dialogue, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, William of Occam, Zipcar

Proving that diversity training does or doesn’t work will require randomized experiments. We have to fight the reflexive conclusion that A can’t exert a causal influence on B because there is no correlation between the two. Discrimination: Look at the Statistics or Bug the Conference Room? While we’re on the topic of discrimination, let me point out that you can’t prove whether discrimination is going on in an organization—or a society—by statistics. You often read about “glass ceilings” for women in a given field or about disproportionate school suspensions of boys or minorities. The intimation—often the direct accusation—is that discrimination is at work. But numbers alone won’t tell the story. We don’t know that as many women as men have the qualifications or desire to be partners in law firms or high-level executives in corporations. And we have some pretty good reasons to believe that girls and boys are not equally likely to engage in behavior warranting suspension from school.

 

pages: 327 words: 88,121

The Vanishing Neighbor: The Transformation of American Community by Marc J. Dunkelman

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Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, big-box store, blue-collar work, Bretton Woods, Broken windows theory, call centre, clean water, cuban missile crisis, dark matter, David Brooks, delayed gratification, double helix, Downton Abbey, Edward Glaeser, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Filter Bubble, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Gini coefficient, glass ceiling, global supply chain, global village, helicopter parent, if you build it, they will come, impulse control, income inequality, invention of movable type, Jane Jacobs, Khyber Pass, Louis Pasteur, Marshall McLuhan, Martin Wolf, McMansion, Nate Silver, Nicholas Carr, obamacare, Occupy movement, Peter Thiel, post-industrial society, Richard Florida, rolodex, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Skype, Steve Jobs, telemarketer, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the medium is the message, Thomas L Friedman, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, urban decay, urban planning, Walter Mischel, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, World Values Survey

As he tells it, when he was a boy, women working outside the home—many of whom would have thrived, as they do today, in diverse fields—were largely limited to positions as teachers, nurses, and secretaries. And that was, he points out, a real boon for the students, patients, and bosses who might otherwise have been taught, cared for, and served by a less talented pool of applicants.51 Today, while glass ceilings still exist, opportunities for women to work outside the home have expanded dramatically.52 Between 1960 and the mid-1990s, the percentage of working-age American women engaged in work outside the home grew from roughly one-third to 70 percent.53 That change—an indelibly Third Wave phenomenon—has become a broadly accepted norm of American life. By 2005, 81 percent of Americans approved of a woman working outside the home—even if her husband made enough to support the family alone.54 The birth-control pill has certainly played some role in women’s emergence into the professional workforce.

 

pages: 315 words: 99,065

The Virgin Way: Everything I Know About Leadership by Richard Branson

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barriers to entry, call centre, carbon footprint, Celtic Tiger, clean water, collective bargaining, Costa Concordia, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, friendly fire, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, index card, inflight wifi, Lao Tzu, low cost carrier, M-Pesa, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, Northern Rock, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Tesla Model S, trade route

This is a step-by-step process and before anyone can hope to increase the amount of female representation at board level there first has to be a much higher ratio of women in senior executive roles. According to the 2013 Fortune 1000 list of CEOs, only 4.6 per cent (that is, forty-six) are women and that number has been virtually stagnant for a decade. I find that quite appalling but hopefully the infamous glass ceiling is about to become a distant memory with the new generation of dynamic women leaders that are now running a lot of formerly very macho organisations like General Motors (Mary Barra took over in January 2014), Pepsico, IBM, Lockheed Martin and General Dynamics. Others like Sheryl Sandberg, the vociferous COO at Facebook and Marissa Mayer at Yahoo are also gaining momentum in the drive to make gender a non-issue in the workplace.

 

pages: 386 words: 91,913

The Elements of Power: Gadgets, Guns, and the Struggle for a Sustainable Future in the Rare Metal Age by David S. Abraham

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3D printing, carbon footprint, clean water, cleantech, Deng Xiaoping, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, glass ceiling, global supply chain, information retrieval, Internet of things, new economy, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, reshoring, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, telemarketer, Tesla Model S, thinkpad, upwardly mobile, uranium enrichment, Y2K

A few miles from the city center, just below some of the most lush, verdant terrain outside of a rain forest, sits the $300-a-night Hotel e Termas de Araxá—a gem of colonial-style architecture, built by a former Brazilian president in the 1940s to attract a well-to-do domestic and international clientele. The complex is stately; with the exception of government state houses, few places boast a three-story rotunda with a stained-glass ceiling and a white and black marble floor. But for all its grandeur, the resort’s free-wheeling casino days are behind it. Seventy years after its founding it has lost some of its luster: grass rises up between the cracks in the cement-blocked sidewalk. I doubt if more than 15 of the 283 rooms were occupied when I visited in 2013.1 Other than the hotel, Araxá has lost much of its tourist appeal. A woman from the region’s capital city, Belo Horizonte, who befriended me when I had difficulty checking into the hotel, complained about the lack of sophisticated nightlife.

 

pages: 1,016 words: 283,960

Aftermath: Following the Bloodshed of America's Wars in the Muslim World by Nir Rosen

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Ayatollah Khomeini, failed state, glass ceiling, Google Earth, unemployed young men, urban sprawl, éminence grise

In electing not to fight the Americans, the army had expected to be recognized by the occupation; indeed, until Bremer arrived it appeared that many Iraqi soldiers and officers were hoping to cooperate with the Americans. Bremer, however, treated Iraqis as if they harbored ancient grievances, claiming in an article after he retired that “Shiite conscripts were regularly brutalized and abused by their Sunni officers.” This was not true: although Sunnis were overrepresented in the officer corps and Shiites sometimes felt there was a glass ceiling, there were Shiite ministers and generals, and at least one-third of the famous deck of cards of those Iraqis most wanted by the Americans were Shiites. Complex historical factors account for why Sunnis were overrepresented in majority-Shiite areas. Many attribute this to the legacy of the Ottomans and the British colonizers, while others theorize that minorities took power in several postcolonial Arab countries—Alawites in Syria, Maronites in Lebanon, and Sunnis in Iraq.

I bought a bicycle to avoid the taxi drivers.” Dr. Mouayad al-Windawi was a Shiite professor of political science who left the University of Baghdad in May 2005. “In my first lesson after the war, I said this will be a disaster and bring us nothing. We will live in chaos for a long time.” A member of the Baath Party until 2001, he explained to me that under Saddam there was some sectarianism, but it was not overt. A glass ceiling kept many Shiites from advancing too high. “I worked with the Iraqi government for the last forty years,” he said. “Not much attention was paid to who you are.” I asked him how sectarianism had increased after the war. “Ask Mr. Bremer,” he told me, referring to Paul Bremer, head of the Coalition Provisional Authority. “Bremer’s system for political parties was good for blocs, not parties. It was good for Kurds and [Supreme Council leader] Hakim.

 

pages: 666 words: 131,148

Frommer's Seattle 2010 by Karl Samson

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airport security, British Empire, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, global village, haute cuisine, place-making, sustainable-tourism, transcontinental railway, urban sprawl

The lobby, with its bar, billiards table, and travel-themed Art Deco furnishings, feels like it could be in Singapore or Nairobi; you half expect Humphrey Bogart to be sipping a gin and tonic in the corner. Guest rooms are decorated in keeping with the historic, adventure-travel theme. Be sure to sneak a peek inside the Northern Lights Dome Room, a grand hall with original frescoes, a stained-glass ceiling, and lots of ornate plasterwork and gilding. 700 Third Ave., Seattle, WA 98104. 80 0/222-TREE or 20 6/340-0340. Fax 20 6/340-0349. www.arcticclubhotel.com. 120 units. $129–$319 double. Children 17 and under stay free in parent’s room. AE, DC, DISC, MC, V. Valet parking $29. Pets accepted. Amenities: Restaurant, lounge; concierge; exercise room; room service. In room: A/C, TV, hair dryer, minibar, MP3 docking station, Wi-Fi.

 

pages: 441 words: 135,176

The Edifice Complex: How the Rich and Powerful--And Their Architects--Shape the World by Deyan Sudjic

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Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, British Empire, call centre, colonial rule, Columbine, cuban missile crisis, dematerialisation, Deng Xiaoping, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Donald Trump, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute couture, haute cuisine, megastructure, Mikhail Gorbachev, new economy, New Urbanism, oil shock, Ronald Reagan, Socratic dialogue, urban planning, urban renewal, V2 rocket, Victor Gruen

But then Bismarck had never wanted to be an architect. Past the Chancellery guards and out of the way of the floodlights, Ribbentrop ushered Hacha across the porch and into a windowless hall beyond, its walls inlaid with the pagan imagery of mosaic eagles grasping burning torches garlanded with oak leaves, its floors slippery with marble. There was no furniture, nor even a trace of carpet to soften the severity of the hall. A clouded glass ceiling floated over the marble, electrically lit from within to cast a shadowless light, in an inescapably modern, almost art-deco gesture. Even Hitler could not shut out every trace of the contemporary world. This was the space that the sculptor Arno Breker described as ‘permeated with the fire of political power’. And it had no other purpose than to impress. Under the hovering glass, and the massive marble walls, the bronze doors at the far end of the hall shimmered and beckoned and threatened.

 

pages: 493 words: 139,845

Women Leaders at Work: Untold Tales of Women Achieving Their Ambitions by Elizabeth Ghaffari

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Albert Einstein, AltaVista, business process, cloud computing, Columbine, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, dark matter, family office, Fellow of the Royal Society, financial independence, follow your passion, glass ceiling, Grace Hopper, high net worth, knowledge worker, Long Term Capital Management, performance metric, pink-collar, profit maximization, profit motive, recommendation engine, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, thinkpad, trickle-down economics, urban planning, women in the workforce, young professional

But, you know you will have weighed it all—considered everything. That's what matters. Ghaffari: Do you give the same type of advice to men as you give to women? Horan: I do. Ghaffari: Where do you think is the area of greatest opportunity for careers for, especially for women at this point? Horan: I really do think that women can choose to do anything they want to do these days. Sure, the glass ceiling does still exist in some industries, but I don't think that should necessarily stop you if that's something you have a passion for. When I look around a company like IBM or any of the many companies that I do business with, there are women in senior leadership positions in many industries these days. I've actually been quite pleasantly surprised by the number of women CIOs that I've met in just the last four months.

 

pages: 423 words: 115,336

This Is Only a Test: How Washington D.C. Prepared for Nuclear War by David F. Krugler

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Berlin Wall, City Beautiful movement, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, Frank Gehry, full employment, glass ceiling, index card, nuclear winter, RAND corporation, Silicon Valley, urban planning, Victor Gruen, white flight, Works Progress Administration

Loftily named Columbia, the meticulously planned community had villages connected by paths and parkways. Like Reston, Columbia had approximately 50,000 residents by the mid1980s. Rouse actively participated in the planning and development of Columbia, and he insisted that builders and realtors abjure racial discrimination. He proudly located his company’s headquarters in the town center and commissioned architect Frank Gehry to design an exhibition building. Galleria, the shopping mall, had a glass ceiling, trees, and fountains. Columbia soon enticed people looking for a community that blended the best features of urban, suburban, and small town living. Historian Nicholas Dagen Bloom: “by the late 1960s and early 1970s, Columbia was poised as an attractive alternative to surrounding suburbs.”64 Augur and Stein could hardly have wanted more for their own imagined cluster cities. Except dispersed federal buildings.

 

pages: 487 words: 147,891

McMafia: A Journey Through the Global Criminal Underworld by Misha Glenny

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anti-communist, Anton Chekhov, Berlin Wall, blood diamonds, BRICs, colonial rule, crony capitalism, Deng Xiaoping, Doha Development Round, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial deregulation, Firefox, forensic accounting, friendly fire, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, joint-stock company, market bubble, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nick Leeson, offshore financial centre, place-making, rising living standards, Ronald Reagan, Skype, special economic zone, Stephen Hawking, trade liberalization, trade route, Transnistria, unemployed young men, upwardly mobile

By contrast, many liberal commentators simply overlook the issue of Jewish involvement in Russia and Ukraine’s chaotic transition, presumably to dodge accusations of anti-Semitism. In fact, by avoiding any mention of the elephant in the living room, they facilitate its portrayal by anti-Semites as a jackal. Although the Soviet Union was renowned for its antipathy toward most national identities that threatened its idealized image of homus sovieticus, it did construct one specific barrier for Jews—the glass ceiling. In virtually all the central party and state offices, in almost all industrial branches, and in most places of learning, Jews were systematically prevented from reaching the top. There were exceptions to this rule—Kaganovich (one of Stalin’s unloved Politburo colleagues) and, in the 1980s, Evgeni Primakov emerged as an extremely influential political figure, having prophylactically discarded his birth name, Yonah Finkelshtein.

 

pages: 526 words: 158,913

Crash of the Titans: Greed, Hubris, the Fall of Merrill Lynch, and the Near-Collapse of Bank of America by Greg Farrell

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Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, bank run, banking crisis, bonus culture, call centre, Captain Sullenberger Hudson, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collateralized debt obligation, corporate governance, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, financial innovation, fixed income, glass ceiling, high net worth, Long Term Capital Management, mass affluent, Mexican peso crisis / tequila crisis, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Ronald Reagan, six sigma, sovereign wealth fund, technology bubble, too big to fail, yield curve

As always, when the Merrill Lynch chief executive was hatching a plan of any magnitude—from the firing of top executives to the outright sale of Merrill Lynch, which was the reason for his meeting this day—he relied on the counsel and advice of the only person he absolutely, unconditionally trusted: himself. Throughout his career, that trust had been well-placed. The story of O’Neal’s rise to the pinnacle of Wall Street was by now legendary. The fifty-seven-year-old African-American, born in Roanoke, Alabama, and raised in the dirt-poor town of Wedowee, Alabama, the grandson of a man born into slavery in the 1860s, had shattered every glass ceiling and stormed through, over, or around every obstacle placed in his way to become chief executive of Merrill Lynch at the end of 2002. Over the next five years, he transformed the business. The backbone of Merrill Lynch had always been its nationwide network of financial advisors—the 16,000 men and women spread across the U.S. who managed not only the investments of the wealthiest people in Philadelphia, Chicago, San Francisco, Los Angeles, and other large cities, but the slender portfolios of the hardworking citizens in second-tier towns like Cincinnati, Wichita, Lansing, Spokane.

 

pages: 613 words: 151,140

No Such Thing as Society by Andy McSmith

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anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, British Empire, call centre, cuban missile crisis, Etonian, F. W. de Klerk, feminist movement, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, full employment, glass ceiling, greed is good, illegal immigration, index card, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, mortgage debt, mutually assured destruction, North Sea oil, Northern Rock, Ronald Reagan, South Sea Bubble, strikebreaker, The Chicago School, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban decay, Winter of Discontent, young professional

In 1975, twelve out of fourteen managers of First Division clubs responded to a survey by saying they would never sign up a black player; by 1990, there were 175 blacks among the top 2,000 professional footballers.50 However, they routinely endured racist abuse from the supporters of opposing clubs, symbolized by a famous photograph of John Barnes in full Liverpool kit back-heeling a banana that had been thrown at him by an Everton fan. Yet, for all these problems, the glass ceilings were beginning to crack. There were signs that positions previously occupied only by whites were starting to come within reach. The first Asian judge, Mota Singh, was appointed in 1982. In 1988, John Roberts, from Sierra Leone, became Britain’s first Afro-Caribbean QC. He had been a part-time Crown Court judge since 1983. In 1989, Gurbux Singh, from Wolverhampton, became chief executive of Haringey Council.

 

pages: 458 words: 135,206

CTOs at Work by Scott Donaldson, Stanley Siegel, Gary Donaldson

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Amazon Web Services, bioinformatics, business intelligence, business process, call centre, centre right, cloud computing, computer vision, connected car, crowdsourcing, data acquisition, distributed generation, domain-specific language, glass ceiling, pattern recognition, Pluto: dwarf planet, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart grid, smart meter, software patent, thinkpad, web application, zero day

Alving has a B.S. in mechanical engineering from Stanford University and a Ph.D. in mechanical and aerospace engineering from Princeton University. She also carried out post-doctoral research in Berlin, Germany. Siegel: Amy, we'd like to begin with your journey to CTO, and it's my understanding that you have multiple technical degrees. The question is, given when you went to school, what motivated you to develop a career in science and technology because at that time, if memory serves me correctly, there was a glass ceiling for women regarding getting into science and technology? Alving: I am a very curious person. I like to know how the world works. I didn't actually know what engineers did growing up because my whole family was in medicine. So I knew a lot about what physicians did. We talked about that at the dinner table. When I got to college, I actually started in physics because I like basic science and stayed a physics major for a little over a year while I figured out what I really wanted to do.

 

pages: 459 words: 118,959

Confidence Game: How a Hedge Fund Manager Called Wall Street's Bluff by Christine S. Richard

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Asian financial crisis, asset-backed security, banking crisis, Bernie Madoff, cognitive dissonance, collateralized debt obligation, corporate governance, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, diversification, Donald Trump, family office, financial innovation, fixed income, forensic accounting, glass ceiling, Long Term Capital Management, market bubble, moral hazard, Ponzi scheme, profit motive, short selling, statistical model, white flight

It was a patchwork of bets—for $10 million, $50 million, and $100 million—with numerous counterparties and expiration dates ranging from just a few months to five years and more into the future. “Keep selling,” Ackman messaged Saad back. The transactions that day marked the first time Ackman had sold any significant amount of MBIA exposure since he began buying protection on MBIA in 2002. Under the Palm Court’s famous stained-glass ceiling, the birthday group had settled into enormous high-backed upholstered chairs. Ackman’s grandmother was dwarfed by the chair, and even Ackman at 6 feet 3 inches looked a bit like a kid at the grown-ups’ table. Back at Pershing Square, the investment team was intensely focused on the news. Somebody needed to go through MBIA’s financial statements and see at what level the collateral calls on the GIC contracts kicked in, Ackman messaged Mick McGuire.

 

pages: 489 words: 148,885

Accelerando by Stross, Charles

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call centre, carbon-based life, cellular automata, cognitive dissonance, Conway's Game of Life, dark matter, dumpster diving, Extropian, finite state, Flynn Effect, glass ceiling, gravity well, John von Neumann, knapsack problem, Kuiper Belt, Magellanic Cloud, mandelbrot fractal, market bubble, means of production, packet switching, performance metric, phenotype, planetary scale, Pluto: dwarf planet, reversible computing, Richard Stallman, SETI@home, Silicon Valley, Singularitarianism, slashdot, South China Sea, stem cell, technological singularity, telepresence, The Chicago School, theory of mind, Turing complete, Turing machine, Turing test, upwardly mobile, Vernor Vinge, Von Neumann architecture, web of trust, Y2K

The biosphere has become surreal: small dragons have been sighted nesting in the Scottish highlands, and in the American midwest, raccoons have been caught programming microwave ovens. The computing power of the solar system is now around one thousand MIPS per gram, and is unlikely to increase in the near term – all but a fraction of one percent of the dumb matter is still locked up below the accessible planetary crusts, and the sapience/mass ratio has hit a glass ceiling that will only be broken when people, corporations, or other posthumans get around to dismantling the larger planets. A start has already been made in Jupiter orbit and the asteroid belt. Greenpeace has sent squatters to occupy Eros and Juno, but the average asteroid is now surrounded by a reef of specialized nanomachinery and debris, victims of a cosmic land grab unmatched since the days of the wild west.

 

pages: 513 words: 141,963

Chasing the Scream: The First and Last Days of the War on Drugs by Johann Hari

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Airbnb, centre right, failed state, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, McJob, Naomi Klein, placebo effect, profit motive, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, science of happiness, Steven Pinker, traveling salesman, War on Poverty

It wasn’t easy being a female cop in those days, but Leigh was proving she had balls, and she had some crucial allies. She drove the ninety miles to work every morning talking to her colleague Ed Toatley,2 a goateed African American undercover narcotics agent who had grown up just outside Baltimore. He was head of the union, and he stood up to the encrusted sexism on the force as Leigh rose higher and higher, cracking a series of glass ceilings. Yet the work Leigh was most driven by was taking on the drug gangs. This was what got her out of bed in the morning. She was sure that her roadside stops and drug busts were disrupting the supply routes through Maryland—and this meant there would be fewer gangsters, fewer addicts, less violence, and less misery in the world. This is one of the most important facts about Leigh, and one that it would be easy for somebody like me—with the politics that I have—to ignore.

 

pages: 537 words: 149,628

Ghost Fleet: A Novel of the Next World War by P. W. Singer, August Cole

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3D printing, Admiral Zheng, augmented reality, British Empire, energy security, Firefox, glass ceiling, global reserve currency, Google Earth, Google Glasses, IFF: identification friend or foe, Just-in-time delivery, Maui Hawaii, new economy, RAND corporation, reserve currency, RFID, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, South China Sea, sovereign wealth fund, stealth mode startup, trade route, Wall-E, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, zero day

The casters on Taj’s chair began to creak and he twisted slightly back and forth as he manipulated the control rings on his fingers. What he saw on his goggles was only for him, but the jerky gestures attested to a problem. On the holographic screen, the black forms ran in and out of the atrium, dropping off books in what was now a burning pyre in the middle of the room. “Fudge!” shouted Taj, still the innocent little boy at heart. “Gosh-darn mother-fudging network!” The library’s glass ceiling crashed in and water began to come through, the simulated network’s automated defenses now reacting. First came a heavy rain, which the wraiths tried to shoot fire back at, the visualization of their counterprograms, but then came a vast, unending deluge, as if a river had been diverted and was pouring into the atrium. Taj’s chair toppled over and he tried to catch himself but landed hard on his tailbone.

 

pages: 385 words: 128,358

Inside the House of Money: Top Hedge Fund Traders on Profiting in a Global Market by Steven Drobny

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Albert Einstein, asset allocation, Berlin Wall, Bonfire of the Vanities, Bretton Woods, buy low sell high, capital controls, central bank independence, Chance favours the prepared mind, commodity trading advisor, corporate governance, correlation coefficient, Credit Default Swap, diversification, diversified portfolio, family office, fixed income, glass ceiling, high batting average, implied volatility, index fund, inflation targeting, interest rate derivative, inventory management, Long Term Capital Management, margin call, market bubble, Maui Hawaii, Mexican peso crisis / tequila crisis, moral hazard, new economy, Nick Leeson, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, out of africa, paper trading, Peter Thiel, price anchoring, purchasing power parity, reserve currency, risk tolerance, risk-adjusted returns, risk/return, rolodex, Sharpe ratio, short selling, Silicon Valley, The Wisdom of Crowds, too big to fail, transaction costs, value at risk, yield curve, zero-coupon bond

I used to be worried about having a rogue trader on the team, but my view on that is if you ever lose sleep, then the guy shouldn’t be there. In 10 years, I never had a trader blow up on me. I’m actually very proud of that and I generally sleep very well. Do you think the amount of capital allocated to traders has an effect on their performance? Most definitely. I’ve seen it many times at GS.A trader has had a good run, they put pressure on themselves to take more risk, and they become totally overwhelmed. It’s as if they have a glass ceiling. I don’t know if it’s an internal problem or something else.You probably can’t rationalize it but I know you can’t push people to do more than they want to do. I’ve spent a lot of time working with some of these people, saying, “Up your risk”; they’ve tried and it was generally disastrous. I don’t know anyone who’s made a quantum leap in a short space of time. You made a quantum leap. Yes, but in both directions, pre-1993 up, then post-1994 down.

 

pages: 388 words: 125,472

The Establishment: And How They Get Away With It by Owen Jones

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anti-communist, Asian financial crisis, bank run, battle of ideas, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, bonus culture, Bretton Woods, British Empire, call centre, capital controls, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, centre right, citizen journalism, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collective bargaining, don't be evil, Edward Snowden, Etonian, eurozone crisis, falling living standards, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, full employment, glass ceiling, hiring and firing, housing crisis, inflation targeting, investor state dispute settlement, James Dyson, laissez-faire capitalism, market fundamentalism, Monroe Doctrine, Mont Pelerin Society, moral hazard, night-watchman state, Northern Rock, Occupy movement, offshore financial centre, open borders, Plutocrats, plutocrats, profit motive, quantitative easing, race to the bottom, rent control, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, short selling, sovereign wealth fund, stakhanovite, statistical model, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transfer pricing, union organizing, unpaid internship, Washington Consensus, Winter of Discontent

Much of the rest of the population, on the other hand, is increasingly expected to sink or swim: their experience is capitalism, red in tooth and claw. It is not just self-avowed left-wingers who criticize the ‘socialism for the rich’ that runs through Britain’s Establishment; there are libertarian right-wingers who acknowledge it, too. Douglas Carswell is a maverick, self-professed ‘libertarian’ Conservative MP. As we sit beneath the arched glass ceiling of Parliament’s Portcullis House, he tells me that he draws inspiration from the radical Levellers of seventeenth-century England. ‘I look around and I think of the disputes of the seventeenth century: we’re still up against an arrogant effete elite who hoard power and leech and parasite off the rest of us,’ he says, his words delivered in emphatic, staccato bursts. ‘I suspect a lot of the problems started to arise – and it pains me to say this because I am an ardent Thatcherite – in the 1980s.

 

Little Failure: A Memoir by Gary Shteyngart

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Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Anton Chekhov, East Village, glass ceiling, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, New Journalism, Ronald Reagan, Yom Kippur War, young professional

Enter Maya (name changed), a sweet, damaged round girl who is a dominatrix in the Vault, New York’s premier sadomasochist club, whom I will also pluck from life and pin, with a modicum of blood spilled, onto the pages of my burgeoning first novel under the name Challah. Enter me. John invites me out. I am so impressed to be meeting a real writer I tell John I will gladly pay for dinner. I take him to a fancy Indian place called Akbar on Park Avenue and Fifty-Ninth, where Paulie, my lecherous high school boss, used to take me. The restaurant has stained-glass ceilings that dazzle my Little Neck eye, and the waiters seem very proud of their powerful tandoor oven, from which emerges my very first pillowy naan bread, the steam rising magically around my fingers as I tear it apart. I do not realize that this is the last fancy meal I will pay for in the next five years, nor that I am about to turn in one benefactor for another, this one without the urge to bend me over his desk.

 

pages: 868 words: 147,152

How Asia Works by Joe Studwell

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affirmative action, anti-communist, Asian financial crisis, bank run, banking crisis, barriers to entry, borderless world, Bretton Woods, British Empire, call centre, capital controls, central bank independence, collective bargaining, crony capitalism, cross-subsidies, currency manipulation / currency intervention, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, deindustrialization, demographic dividend, Deng Xiaoping, failed state, financial deregulation, financial repression, Gini coefficient, glass ceiling, income inequality, income per capita, industrial robot, Joseph Schumpeter, land reform, land tenure, large denomination, market fragmentation, non-tariff barriers, offshore financial centre, oil shock, open economy, passive investing, purchasing power parity, rent control, rent-seeking, Ronald Coase, South China Sea, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, urban sprawl, Washington Consensus, working-age population

Then, in 1957, the family acquired Hacienda Luisita with a government loan on the specific condition that the farmland would be resold ‘at reasonable terms and conditions’ to the tenants.64 The Cojuangcos were supposed to retain only the large sugar mill on the estate. But the undertaking to sell off the land was never honoured and the Cojuangcos were never held to account. That such people can become presidents – Cory’s son Noynoy is the current president, as this book goes to press – places a glass ceiling above the possibilities for Filipino development. Official success The Philippine government claims that the implementation of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law has met most of its national targets. According to official data, by the end of 2006, 6.8 million hectares of a targeted 8.2 million hectares of farmland were subjected to land reform to the benefit of 4.1 million rural households.65 This sounds like north-east Asia.

 

pages: 444 words: 138,781

Evicted: Poverty and Profit in the American City by Matthew Desmond

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affirmative action, Cass Sunstein, crack epidemic, Credit Default Swap, deindustrialization, desegregation, dumpster diving, ending welfare as we know it, ghettoisation, glass ceiling, housing crisis, informal economy, Jane Jacobs, late fees, New Urbanism, payday loans, price discrimination, profit motive, rent control, statistical model, superstar cities, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, thinkpad, upwardly mobile, working poor, young professional

Later, the preacher’s wife and another white woman from the All Bible Baptist Church, Vanetta’s congregation, would join them in knit sweaters and thick glasses. When it was time, Vanetta took a seat next to her public defender, a foot-tapping white man in a plain black suit. The courtroom didn’t look like the kind you see on television, those open-air theaters with balconies, large ceiling fans, and people crowded into wooden pews. It was a small space, separated from the audience by a thick wall of glass. Ceiling speakers broadcast court proceedings to onlookers. The prosecution went first, represented by a fit, pink-faced assistant district attorney with thinning hair and trimmed beard. Many things about Vanetta impressed him. She had not been arrested before and had “some employment history.” “She apparently attended school into the eleventh grade. That is better education, as sad as that is, that’s better education than many of the defendants that we see.”

 

The America That Reagan Built by J. David Woodard

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affirmative action, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Bonfire of the Vanities, colonial rule, Columbine, cuban missile crisis, Deng Xiaoping, friendly fire, glass ceiling, global village, Gordon Gekko, gun show loophole, income inequality, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, laissez-faire capitalism, late capitalism, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, new economy, postindustrial economy, Ralph Nader, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, stem cell, Ted Kaczynski, The Predators' Ball, trickle-down economics, women in the workforce, Y2K, young professional

As America grew into the 1990s, the vanguard of the biggest, richest, and best-educated generation America had ever produced was in its forties. By gaining their political consciousness in the late 1960s and early 1970s, the baby boomers developed an iconoclastic frame of reference and were prone to be more self-indulgent and politically independent than their parents.1 The divorce rate peaked in 1981, and the new decade saw the advent of the term single mothers, where women liberated from being called housewives reached ‘‘glass ceilings’’ at work and faced surly teenagers at home. The country reveled in emerging social distinctions, as wine-drinking became fashionable and the president declared that he did not like broccoli. In the 1990s, the century was 142 THE AMERICA THAT REAGAN BUILT ending, and many Americans preferred to think about life as it would be, rather than what it had been. Presiding over all this was a sixty-eight-year-old president, who was a World War II hero and father figure.

 

pages: 515 words: 126,820

Blockchain Revolution: How the Technology Behind Bitcoin Is Changing Money, Business, and the World by Don Tapscott, Alex Tapscott

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Airbnb, altcoin, asset-backed security, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, bitcoin, blockchain, Bretton Woods, business process, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, carbon footprint, clean water, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, Credit Default Swap, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, disintermediation, distributed ledger, Donald Trump, double entry bookkeeping, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, ethereum blockchain, failed state, fiat currency, financial innovation, Firefox, first square of the chessboard, first square of the chessboard / second half of the chessboard, future of work, Galaxy Zoo, George Gilder, glass ceiling, Google bus, Hernando de Soto, income inequality, informal economy, interest rate swap, Internet of things, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, Kodak vs Instagram, Lean Startup, litecoin, Lyft, M-Pesa, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, means of production, microcredit, mobile money, Network effects, new economy, Oculus Rift, pattern recognition, peer-to-peer lending, performance metric, Peter Thiel, planetary scale, Ponzi scheme, prediction markets, price mechanism, Productivity paradox, quantitative easing, ransomware, Ray Kurzweil, renewable energy credits, rent-seeking, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, Satoshi Nakamoto, Second Machine Age, seigniorage, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart contracts, smart grid, social graph, social software, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, supply-chain management, TaskRabbit, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, The Nature of the Firm, The Wisdom of Crowds, transaction costs, Turing complete, Turing test, Uber and Lyft, unbanked and underbanked, underbanked, unorthodox policies, X Prize, Y2K, Zipcar

The foundation for prosperity is inclusion, and blockchains can help. Let’s be clear that inclusion has multiple dimensions. It means an end to social, economic, and racial hegemony, an end to discrimination based on health, gender, sexual identification, or sexual preference. It means ending barriers to access because of where a person lives, whether a person spent a night in jail, or how a person voted, but also an end to glass ceilings, and good ol’ boys’ clubs of countless varieties. DESIGNING THE FUTURE Our conversation with Ann Cavoukian inspired us to follow up on Germany’s “Never again” promise. We came across the words of German federal president Joachim Gauck on the Day of Remembrance of the Victims of National Socialism, victims of Hitler’s regime. “Our moral obligations cannot be fulfilled solely at the level of remembrance.

 

pages: 456 words: 123,534

The Dawn of Innovation: The First American Industrial Revolution by Charles R. Morris

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air freight, British Empire, business process, California gold rush, clean water, colonial exploitation, computer age, Dava Sobel, en.wikipedia.org, glass ceiling, hiring and firing, if you build it, they will come, interchangeable parts, Isaac Newton, Jacquard loom, Jacquard loom, James Hargreaves, James Watt: steam engine, John Harrison: Longitude, joint-stock company, lone genius, manufacturing employment, new economy, New Urbanism, On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures, purchasing power parity, QWERTY keyboard, refrigerator car, Robert Gordon, spinning jenny, Stephen Hawking, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade route, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman

Tactics included smaller families, more intense child rearing and education, budgetary management and savings plans, and training children in prudence and deportment. The new respect for the purchasing power of women was reflected in the blossoming of the department store. The first establishment by that name was John Wanamaker’s, which opened in Philadelphia in 1876 as the “largest space in the world devoted to retail selling on a single floor.” Occupying a full city block in midtown, it was all about women. Lighted by a stained-glass ceiling by day and hundreds of gas lights by night, it was arranged in concentric circles, as much as two-thirds of a mile long, with 1,100 counter stools, so a lady could sit and discuss her purchase. Displays featured “Ladies’ Furnishings Goods,” “Gloves,” “Laces,” and “Linen Sheeting.” The 70,000 people who showed up on opening day were naturally almost all women, as were the counter assistants—although the lordly, formally dressed floor walkers were all male.

 

pages: 804 words: 212,335

Revelation Space by Alastair Reynolds

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game design, glass ceiling, gravity well, Kuiper Belt, planetary scale, random walk, statistical model

Occasionally there were recesses, stash-holes for equipment or small operations shacks, or switching points where two elevators could squeeze past one another before continuing their journeys. Servitors were working the diamond, extruding it in atomic-thickness filaments from spinnerettes. The filaments zipped neatly into place under the action of protein-sized molecular machines. Looking through the glass ceiling, the faintly translucent shaft seemed to reach towards infinity. 'Why didn't you tell me you'd found this?' Sylveste asked. 'You must have been here for months at the very least.' 'Let's just say your input wasn't critical,' Girardieau said, and then added, 'until now, that is.' At the shaft's bottom, they exited into another corridor, silver-clad, cleaner and cooler than the one they had walked through at ground level.

 

Frommer's San Diego 2011 by Mark Hiss

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airport security, California gold rush, car-free, desegregation, Donald Trump, East Village, El Camino Real, glass ceiling, New Journalism, Skype, South of Market, San Francisco, sustainable-tourism, transcontinental railway, urban renewal, Works Progress Administration

Le Travel Store is now located here. 8 Continue north; at 801 Fourth Ave. is the: 28 Ingle Building It dates from 1906 and now houses the Hard Rock Cafe. The mural on the F Street side of the building depicts a group of deceased rock stars (Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix, John Lennon, Jim Morrison, and Elvis) lounging at sidewalk tables. Original stained-glass windows from the old Golden Lion Tavern (1907–32) front Fourth Avenue. Inside, the colorful stained-glass ceiling was taken from an Elks Club in Stockton, California, and much of the floor is original. CITY STROLLS The Embarcadero Labor Temple Building Winding Down Walk to bohemian Café Lulu, 419 F St. (& 619/238-0114), near Fourth Avenue, for coffee and sweets; or head back into Horton Plaza, where you can choose from many kinds of cuisine, from Chinese to Indian, along with good old American fast food.

 

pages: 796 words: 242,660

This Sceptred Isle by Christopher Lee

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agricultural Revolution, Berlin Wall, British Empire, colonial rule, Corn Laws, cuban missile crisis, Edward Lloyd's coffeehouse, failed state, financial independence, glass ceiling, half of the world's population has never made a phone call, James Hargreaves, James Watt: steam engine, Khartoum Gordon, Khyber Pass, Mikhail Gorbachev, Monroe Doctrine, new economy, Northern Rock, Ronald Reagan, spice trade, spinning jenny, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade route, urban decay

If, for example, they had poor senior soldiers, there was not much they could do to replace them. Moreover, the most effective means of military reward, promotion, could well be out of the hands of a commanding officer. Meanwhile, lower down the scale, junior soldiers felt they were not being rewarded for their capabilities. There were Indian officers. Many of these, Company men, remember, were equally dissatisfied with the nineteenth-century glass ceiling that prevented their rise, even when long-served, to anything more than junior and strictly subordinate roles. It might not be a coincidence that the mutinous regiments looked to these older and dissatisfied Indian officers for example and leadership. The differences and anomalies in the ways in which sepoys were treated were not accepted by all British administrators. There were certain examples drawn to Canning’s attention that the poor conditions borne by the sepoys could cause active dissent.

 

pages: 585 words: 165,304

Trust: The Social Virtue and the Creation of Prosperity by Francis Fukuyama

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barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, blue-collar work, business climate, capital controls, collective bargaining, corporate governance, deindustrialization, Deng Xiaoping, deskilling, double entry bookkeeping, equal pay for equal work, European colonialism, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Frederick Winslow Taylor, full employment, George Gilder, glass ceiling, global village, hiring and firing, industrial robot, Jane Jacobs, job satisfaction, joint-stock company, joint-stock limited liability company, Joseph Schumpeter, labour market flexibility, labour mobility, land reform, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, mittelstand, price mechanism, profit maximization, RAND corporation, rent-seeking, Ronald Coase, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Nature of the Firm, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transaction costs, transfer pricing, traveling salesman, union organizing

Japanese-style company-sponsored events, in which an entire office—supervisors together with those supervised—will leave Tokyo or Nagoya on a retreat to a resort in the countryside for several days, are as foreign in a Chinese cultural setting as they are in the West. In Hong Kong or Taipei, the retreats and common vacations would be reserved for family members only, or perhaps occasionally for larger kinship groups.36 Nonfamily managers in Chinese companies are not given large equity stakes in their businesses and often complain of a lack of openness when dealing with the boss. Furthermore, they usually hit a glass ceiling in promotion, since a family member will always be preferred for important positions. In other words, the problem of nepotism, which Weber and others saw as a severe constraint on modernization, has not disappeared from Chinese economic life despite the remarkable recent economic growth of Chinese societies. It has been more tenacious in part because the family is more central to Chinese than to other sorts of cultures, and also because the Chinese have found ways of working around it.

 

pages: 777 words: 186,993

Imagining India by Nandan Nilekani

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affirmative action, BRICs, British Empire, business process, business process outsourcing, call centre, clean water, colonial rule, corporate governance, cuban missile crisis, deindustrialization, demographic dividend, demographic transition, Deng Xiaoping, distributed generation, farmers can use mobile phones to check market prices, full employment, ghettoisation, glass ceiling, global supply chain, Hernando de Soto, income inequality, informal economy, joint-stock company, knowledge economy, labour market flexibility, land reform, LNG terminal, load shedding, Mahatma Gandhi, market fragmentation, Mikhail Gorbachev, Network effects, new economy, New Urbanism, open economy, pension reform, Potemkin village, price mechanism, race to the bottom, rent control, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, school vouchers, Silicon Valley, smart grid, special economic zone, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, Thomas Malthus, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, unemployed young men, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, women in the workforce, working poor, working-age population

Across urban India, we see people flowing in, setting up their fragile homes on the city’s fringes and setting out in search of work. People are arriving with a willingness to work at anything, and to learn in any way they can. “These people are hungry for opportunity,” Jaideep Sahni tells me. “They will live in any circumstances, and move anywhere, for a chance at a job.” And yet, instead of creating opportunity, our regulations have placed a glass ceiling on both the economic potential of these workers and India’s overall rise. It has limited our mobility, growth and the individual hope of these workers—it prevents, in essence, the promises of the Horatio Alger story. INSTITUTIONS OF SAND Our Universities OUR UNIVERSITIES,” Deepak Nayyar, former vice chancellor of Delhi University (DU), says to me, “are no longer ivory towers. They were meant to remain above politics but are instead at the very center of it.”

 

pages: 624 words: 189,582

The Black Banners: The Inside Story of 9/11 and the War Against Al-Qaeda by Ali H. Soufan, Daniel Freedman

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airport security, Ayatollah Khomeini, call centre, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, Ronald Reagan

He understood that things had already gone too far, and that those pushing these techniques were not prepared to turn back. And he had the final say. [1 word redacted] stayed in Washington. That was the end of the FBI’s involvement in Abu Zubaydah’s interrogation. After [1 word redacted] left, Boris had to keep introducing harsher and harsher methods, because Abu Zubaydah and other terrorists were trained to resist them. In a democracy such as ours, there is a glass ceiling on harsh techniques that the interrogator cannot breach, so a detainee can eventually call the interrogator’s bluff. And that’s what Abu Zubaydah did. This is why the EIT proponents later had to order Abu Zubaydah to be waterboarded again, and again, and again—at least eighty-three times, reportedly. The techniques were in many ways a self-fulfilling prophecy, ensuring that harsher and harsher ones were introduced.

 

Great Britain by David Else, Fionn Davenport

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active transport: walking or cycling, Albert Einstein, Beeching cuts, British Empire, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, colonial rule, Columbine, congestion charging, credit crunch, David Attenborough, Etonian, food miles, glass ceiling, global village, haute cuisine, illegal immigration, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, land reform, Livingstone, I presume, Mahatma Gandhi, new economy, North Sea oil, Northern Rock, offshore financial centre, place-making, Skype, South of Market, San Francisco, Stephen Hawking, the market place, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, transatlantic slave trade, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Winter of Discontent

MIDRANGE Al Casbah ( 01223-579500; www.al-casbah.co.uk; 62 Mill Rd; mains £7.50-9) Decked out like a Bedouin tent, this Algerian restaurant dishes up steaming plates of classic North African favourites. Expect tabouleh, falafel, brochettes, merguez (spicy lamb sausage) and wonderful grills from the indoor charcoal barbecue. De Luca ( 01223-356666; www.delucacucina.co.uk; 83 Regent St; mains £8-19.50; 11am-late) Contemporary-style and classic Italian food collide in this light-filled restaurant in the centre of town. The open kitchen, glass ceiling and exposed brickwork make it a bright and lively place to dine and with a great wine list and plenty of cocktails it’s as popular for long lunches as it is for boozy nights out. Rainbow Vegetarian Bistro ( 01223-321551; www.rainbowcafe.co.uk; 9a King’s Pde; mains £8.50-9.50; 10am-10pm Tue-Sat) First-rate vegetarian food and a pious glow emanate from this snug subterranean gem, accessed down a narrow passageway off King’s Pde.

Another impressive Buxton construction, the graceful curved terrace of the Crescent, is reminiscent of the Royal Crescent in Bath and is being transformed into a luxury hotel, due for completion in 2010. Just east of here is Cavendish Arcade, formerly a thermal bathhouse (you can still see the chair used for lowering the infirm into the restorative waters) with several craft and book shops and a striking coloured-glass ceiling. Opposite the Crescent, the Pump Room, which dispensed Buxton’s spring water for nearly a century, now hosts temporary art exhibitions. Just outside is St Ann’s Well, a fountain from which Buxton’s famous thermal waters still flow – and where a regular procession of tourists queue to fill plastic bottles and slake their thirst with the liquid’s ‘curative’ power. Poole’s Cavern ( 01298-26978; www.poolescavern.co.uk; adult/child £7/4; 10am-5pm Mar-Nov) is a magnificent natural limestone cavern, about a mile from central Buxton.

 

England by David Else

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active transport: walking or cycling, Albert Einstein, back-to-the-land, Berlin Wall, British Empire, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, colonial rule, Columbine, congestion charging, David Attenborough, David Brooks, Etonian, food miles, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Mahatma Gandhi, new economy, New Urbanism, out of africa, place-making, Skype, South of Market, San Francisco, Stephen Hawking, the market place, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, transatlantic slave trade, unbiased observer, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Winter of Discontent

MIDRANGE Al Casbah ( 01223-579500; www.al-casbah.co.uk; 62 Mill Rd; mains £7.50-9) Decked out like a Bedouin tent, this Algerian restaurant dishes up steaming plates of classic North African favourites. Expect tabouleh, felafel, brochettes, merguez (spicy lamb sausage) and wonderful grills from the indoor charcoal barbecue. De Luca ( 01223-356666; www.delucacucina.co.uk; 83 Regent St; mains £8-19.50; 11am-late) Contemporary style and classic Italian food collide in this light-filled restaurant in the centre of town. The open kitchen, glass ceiling and exposed brickwork make it a bright and lively place to dine and with a great wine list and plenty of cocktails it’s as popular for long lunches as it is for boozy nights out. Rainbow Vegetarian Bistro ( 01223-321551; www.rainbowcafe.co.uk; 9a King’s Pde; mains £8.50-9.50; 10am-10pm Tue-Sat) First-rate vegetarian food and a pious glow emanate from this snug subterranean gem, accessed down a narrow passageway off King’s Pde.

Another impressive Buxton construction, the graceful curved terrace of the Crescent, is reminiscent of the Royal Crescent in Bath and is being transformed into a luxury hotel, due for completion in 2010. Just east of here is Cavendish Arcade, formerly a thermal bathhouse (you can still see the chair used for lowering the infirm into the restorative waters) with several craft and book shops and a striking coloured-glass ceiling. Opposite the Crescent, the Pump Room, which dispensed Buxton’s spring water for nearly a century, now hosts temporary art exhibitions. Just outside is St Ann’s Well, a fountain from which Buxton’s famous thermal waters still flow – and where a regular procession of tourists queue to fill plastic bottles and slake their thirst with the liquid’s ‘curative’ power. Behind the Pump Room, a small park called the Slopes rises steeply in a series of grassy terraces.

 

pages: 1,118 words: 309,029

The Wars of Afghanistan by Peter Tomsen

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airport security, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, British Empire, facts on the ground, failed state, friendly fire, glass ceiling, hiring and firing, Internet Archive, Khyber Pass, land reform, Mikhail Gorbachev, Plutocrats, plutocrats, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, trade route, union organizing, uranium enrichment, women in the workforce

Khalqi roots were firmly planted in eastern Afghanistan, where the Pashtunistan cause enjoyed the greatest popularity; the majority non-Pashtuns in Parcham were not interested in the Pashtunistan issue. The Khalqis recruited frequently from the middle and lower ranks of the officer corps where eastern Pashtuns, such as Watanjar, Sarwari, and Gulabzoi, were heavily represented. They resented the Durrani glass ceiling Daoud had imposed that blocked their advancement to the top of the military establishment. Daoud had not promoted any officers trained in the Soviet Union to general officer rank. The Parchamis predominated in the civil bureaucracy. Khalqi women and girls stayed at home; Parchami women and girls were often educated and in the workforce. Both factions had one thing in common. They assumed that their powerful Soviet patron would not fail to provide the necessary recurring resources to sustain the gains of their successful Saur Revolution.

 

pages: 1,104 words: 302,176

The Rise and Fall of American Growth: The U.S. Standard of Living Since the Civil War (The Princeton Economic History of the Western World) by Robert J. Gordon

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3D printing, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airline deregulation, airport security, Apple II, barriers to entry, big-box store, blue-collar work, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, clean water, collective bargaining, computer age, deindustrialization, Detroit bankruptcy, discovery of penicillin, Donner party, Downton Abbey, Edward Glaeser, en.wikipedia.org, Erik Brynjolfsson, everywhere but in the productivity statistics, feminist movement, financial innovation, full employment, George Akerlof, germ theory of disease, glass ceiling, high net worth, housing crisis, immigration reform, impulse control, income inequality, income per capita, indoor plumbing, industrial robot, inflight wifi, interchangeable parts, invention of agriculture, invention of air conditioning, invention of the telegraph, invention of the telephone, inventory management, James Watt: steam engine, Jeff Bezos, jitney, job automation, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, labor-force participation, Loma Prieta earthquake, Louis Daguerre, Louis Pasteur, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, Mark Zuckerberg, market fragmentation, Mason jar, McMansion, Menlo Park, minimum wage unemployment, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, new economy, Norbert Wiener, obamacare, occupational segregation, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, payday loans, Peter Thiel, pink-collar, Productivity paradox, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, refrigerator car, rent control, Robert X Cringely, Ronald Coase, school choice, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, Skype, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Pinker, The Market for Lemons, Thomas Malthus, total factor productivity, transaction costs, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, Unsafe at Any Speed, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban sprawl, washing machines reduced drudgery, Washington Consensus, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters, working poor, working-age population, Works Progress Administration, yield management

Electricity-powered pneumatic tube systems allowed centralized cashiers to provide receipts and make change. During this period, stores operated on a cash-only policy that allowed them to pay their suppliers rapidly, and they made most of their profits on discounts from suppliers.81 These temples of merchandise became the prime sightseeing destinations of their cities, not least in the case of Marshall Field’s landmark State Street building, completed in 1907, with its Tiffany glass ceiling, both the first and the largest ceiling built of Tiffany’s unique iridescent art glass—containing 1.6 million pieces. With the large investment required to build these urban palaces, the owners needed to find a way to draw the shoppers to the upper floors. Marshall Field had an entire floor of restaurants and cafes on its seventh floor, sometimes with live musical performers, to draw shoppers upward on the newfangled elevators.

 

pages: 1,744 words: 458,385

The Defence of the Realm by Christopher Andrew

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anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, British Empire, Clive Stafford Smith, collective bargaining, credit crunch, cuban missile crisis, Desert Island Discs, Etonian, Fall of the Berlin Wall, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, job satisfaction, large denomination, liquidationism / Banker’s doctrine / the Treasury view, Mahatma Gandhi, Mikhail Gorbachev, North Sea oil, Red Clydeside, Robert Hanssen: Double agent, Ronald Reagan, strikebreaker, Torches of Freedom, traveling salesman, union organizing, uranium enrichment, V2 rocket, Vladimir Vetrov: Farewell Dossier, Winter of Discontent

Agent-running courses for new entrants started in 1975 and rudimentary management training began in 1977.19 Those members of the Security Service who were least happy with its management, recruitment and training at the start of the Hanley era were the female graduates, who felt – one of them recalls – that they were expected ‘to develop into good NCOs’ rather than senior managers.20 Their views were shared by many professional women throughout British society, who complained of the ‘glass ceiling’ which kept them out of top jobs and the ‘golden pathway’ to promotion signposted by and for men. Expectations in Whitehall were raised by the introduction in January 1971 of a new civil service training grade for both male and female honours graduates direct from university.21 The Service failed to follow suit. Growing resentment among its female graduates led to a meeting in November 1972 to discuss a petition (known to some as the ‘Women’s Charter’) complaining against the career discrimination to which they were subject.22 One of the women present believes the meeting was bugged and is convinced she heard the ‘blow back’ from the microphone.23 Some signed the petition; others recorded their general agreement with its contents.24 One of the signatories later acknowledged: ‘Our meeting caused some justified ill-feeling amongst the non-graduate women; they should have been included, as the lack of career prospects affected them as much as us.

 

Lonely Planet France by Lonely Planet Publications

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banking crisis, bike sharing scheme, British Empire, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Columbine, double helix, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, haute couture, haute cuisine, Henri Poincaré, Honoré de Balzac, illegal immigration, Jacquard loom, Jacquard loom, Joseph-Marie Jacquard, Louis Blériot, Louis Pasteur, low cost carrier, Mahatma Gandhi, Murano, Venice glass, ride hailing / ride sharing, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, supervolcano, trade route, urban renewal, urban sprawl, V2 rocket

You can also catch them aboard Le Petit Chart’ Train late circuits (adult/child €6.50/3; daily Jul & Aug, Fri & Sat May, Jun & Sep) or on night walking tours (adult/child €12/8; Jul & Aug) in English. Sleeping Chartres is a convenient stop en route to the Loire Valley. Best Western Le Grand Monarque HOTEL Offline map Google map ( 02 37 18 15 15; www.bw-grand-monarque.com; 22 place des Épars; d/tr from €132/195; ) With its teal blue shutters gracing its 1779 facade, lovely stained-glass ceiling and treasure trove of period furnishings, old B&W photos and knick-knacks, the refurbished Grand Monarque (with air-con in some rooms) is a historical gem and very central. Its restaurant has a Michelin star; check the website for its program of three-hour cooking lessons (€55). Hôtel du Bœuf Couronné HOTEL Offline map Google map ( 02 37 18 06 06; www.leboeufcouronne.com; 15 place Châtelet; s €65-85, d €75-109; ) The red-curtained entrance lends a vaguely theatrical air to this two-star Logis guesthouse in the centre of everything.