Maui Hawaii

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pages: 137 words: 43,960

Top 10 Maui, Molokai and Lanai by Bonnie Friedman

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airport security, centre right, Maui Hawaii, polynesian navigation, Ronald Reagan

Pohole These bright green, crunchy, and delicious ferns grow in East Maui and are often served with tomatoes. Local Meat H…li‘imaile General Store Upcountry Maui’s best restaurant is housed in a marvelously refurbished 1925 plantation store. Chef/Owner Beverly Gannon’s signature creations like Hunan Lamb, Szechuan Salmon, and Ahi Napoleon have garnered national acclaim. Save room for dessert. (See p89). Beef, lamb, even elk and venison are produced by Hawai‘i ranches and used by local chefs. ‘Ulupalakua Strawberries Big, red, juicy, and delicious, these strawberries grow well in the middle elevations of Mt. Haleakal…. 53 AROUND MAUI West Maui 62-69 Wailuku and Central Maui 70-75 South Maui 78-83 North Shore and Upcountry 84-89 East Maui 92-95 Moloka‘i and L…na‘i 96-103 MAUI’S TOP 10 Lahaina 56-61 Around Maui – Lahaina Left Front Street Center Pioneer Inn, Front Street Right Dancers at the Feast at Lele Lahaina D ELIGHTFUL LAHAINA has always been a small hub of activity on Maui.

Its latest addition is the Korean pavilion, constructed in 2003 to commemorate 100 years of Korean immigration to Hawai‘i. 11 Maui’s Top 10 Wailuku and Kahului Wailuku, Maui’s County seat, and Kahului, the island’s business and retail center, are nestled between Pu‘u Kukui (West Maui Mountains) and Haleakal…. For centuries this area has been the center of power and population on Maui, and today it offers a vast array of culture, history, nature, entertainment, dining, shopping, and recreation. As the gateway to Maui, Kahului is also home to the island’s largest airport and primary harbor. Top 10 Sights Kanah… Pond Central Maui is the place to go for a short day of sightseeing. All the attractions are within short distances of each other. Find a large assortment of books about Maui and local handicrafts at the Bailey House Museum shop. Some of the best cheap eats on the island are located in Wailuku – at the top of the list are Sam Sato’s, Wei Wei BBQ, Maui Bake Shop, Tokyo Tei, ‘§ao Café, Saeng Thai, and Asian Star. • Map E3 • Maui Tropical Plantation, Waikapu; 244 7643; 9am–5pm daily; free; tram $9.50 • Alexander & Baldwin Sugar Museum, P«‘«nene; 871 8058; 9:30am–4:30pm Mon–Sat; $5 • Maui Arts & Cultural Center, Kahului; 242 7469 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 Market Street Nowhere is the small-town charm of Wailuku more evident than on Market Street.

When he was wanted “dead or alive” in China for his revolutionary activities, Sun Yat-sen sought refuge with his brother, who had a farm near the site. The memorial also commemorates the bicentennial of the first Chinese immigrants to Hawai‘i. (See p87.) The giant camphor tree Tedeschi Vineyards Some 20 acres of hybrid carnelian grapes grow on the sunny leeward slope of Haleakal… – the fruit destined for the vats of Maui’s only commercial winery. Tedeschi Winery The winery (tasting room left) made its first product, Maui Blanc, from Hawai‘i’s best-known fruit – pineapples! Grapes were harvested in 1980 and turned into sparkling wine, Maui Brut-Blanc de Noirs, which was served at the inauguration of President Ronald Reagan. Maui Blush, Maui Nouveau, Rose Ranch Cuvee, Maui Splash, ‘Ulupalakua Red, and Plantation Red have since been added to the list. King Kal…kaua’s Cottage Also in the King’s Cottage is the History Room (right), which contains photos and artifacts of the ranch’s most renowned owners, the story of Maui’s paniolo (cowboys), and tales of polo ponies.


pages: 47 words: 7,141

Best Dives of Hawaii by Joyce Huber

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Maui Hawaii

Every effort was made to insure the accuracy of information in this book, but the publisher and author do not assume, and hereby disclaim, liability for any loss or damage caused by errors, omissions, misleading information or potential travel problems caused by this guide, even if such errors or omissions result from negligence, accident or any other cause. Using This Guide Introduction Resources & Travel Tips Hawaii Oahu Best Dives of Oahu Oahu Dive Operators Oahu Accommodations Maui, the Valley Isle Best Dives of Maui Dive Operators of Maui Other Activities Maui Accommodations Hawaii, the Big Island Best Dives of Hawaii Dive Operators of Hawaii Live-Aboards Hawaii Accommodations Kauai, the Garden Isle Best Dive Sites of Kauai Snorkeling Dive Operators on Kauai Accommodations on Kauai Offbeat & Adventure Tours Facts Using This Guide Quick-reference symbols are used throughout this guide to identify diving and snorkeling areas.

Each issue packs in fascinating stories on a variety of dive subjects ranging from the Bermuda Triangle to using Mosquito Nuts as malaria prophylaxis, diving, dive resorts, live-aboards, and treasure hunting. New subscribers pay $39. ph. 800-326-1896 or 415-5906. Website: www.undercurrent.org. Send checks to Undercurrent, PO Box 1658, Sausalito, CA 94966. Hawaii Hawaii's six main islands - Kauai, Oahu, Maui, Molokai, Lanai and Hawaii - are unparalleled in beauty, with volcanic mountains, swaying palms, wild orchids, exotic plants and spectacular black and white sand beaches. Inland, sugarcane plant ations and pineapple fields stretch for miles. Underwater Hawaii offers a magical world of lava tubes, tunnels, archways, c athedrals, caves, and reefs. Thirty percent of Hawaii's marine life exists nowhere else on earth. Giant sea turtles, eagle rays, squid, the Hawaiian turkeyfish, dolphins, whales, crustaceans, octopi, large tiger cowries and tame morays abound in the crystal waters.

For a complete list contact the Oahu Visitors Bureau at ph. 800-624-8678 or 800-GO-HAWAII. Website: www.hawaii.gov/tourism/. Nuhua Condominium Suites, 444 Nahua, Waikiki, are low-cost units with parking, pool, TV and kitchens. ph. 800-446-6248, fax: 310-544-1643. Website: www.444nuhua.com. Outrigger Waikiki, on Waikiki Beach. Five restaurants and nightly entertainment. Rooms $175-$530. ph. 800-688-7444, fax 800-662-4852. Website: www.outrigger.com. Maui, the Valley Isle The West Maui mountains and the mountain of Haleakala cover most of Maui. Haleakala rises to 10,000 ft. Hiking here, especially at sunrise, is more of an "encounter" than a sport. Visitors enjoy wandering along the "road to Hana," a remote town on the windward side of Haleakala, passing bamboo forests, waterfalls and gardens of wild fruits and flowers. On the northwest side of Maui you can explore Lahaina, an old whaling village.


pages: 260 words: 130,109

Frommer's Kauai by Jeanette Foster

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airport security, indoor plumbing, Maui Hawaii, Skype, sustainable-tourism

These living treasures talk about how Hawaiians of yesteryear viewed nature, spirituality and healing, preservation and history, dance and music, arts and crafts, canoes, and the next generation. 2 H AWA I I I N P O P U L A R C U LT U R E : B O O K S , F I L M & M U S I C In addition to the books discussed below, those planning an extended trip to Hawaii should check out Frommer’s Hawaii; Frommer’s Hawaii Day by Day; Frommer’s Honolulu, Waikiki & Oahu; Frommer’s Honolulu & Oahu Day by Day; Frommer’s Maui; Frommer’s Maui Day by Day; and Frommer’s Hawaii with Kids (all published by Wiley Publishing, Inc.). H AWA I I I N D E P T H 6 H AWA I I I N P O P U L A R C U LT U R E : BOOKS, FILM & MUSIC 33 H AWA I I I N D E P T H 34 H AWA I I I N P O P U L A R C U LT U R E : B O O K S , F I L M & M U S I C 2 Native Planters in Old Hawaii: Their Life, Lore, and Environment (Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu, 2004) was originally published in 1972 but is still one of the most important ethnographic works on traditional Hawaiian culture, portraying the lives of the common folk and their relationship with the land before the arrival of Westerners.

110˚ F 100˚ F 90˚ F 40˚ C 30˚ C 80˚ F 70˚ F 20˚ C 60˚ F 50˚ F To convert......................... multiply by U.S. gallons to liters...................... 3.79 Liters to U.S. gallons..................... 0.26 U.S. gallons to imperial gallons....0.83 Imperial gallons to U.S. gallons....1.20 Imperial gallons to liters............... 4.55 Liters to imperial gallons.............. 0.22 1 liter = 0.26 U.S. gallon 1 U.S. gallon = 3.8 liters 10˚ C 40˚ F 32˚ F 0˚ C 20˚ F 10˚ F 0˚ F -10˚ C -18˚ C -10˚ F -20˚ F -30˚ C To convert F to C: subtract 32 and multiply by 5/9 (0.555) To convert C to F: multiply by 1.8 and add 32 32˚ F = 0˚ C To convert......................... multiply by inches to centimeters.................... 2.54 centimeters to inches.................... 0.39 feet to meters................................0.30 meters to feet................................3.28 yards to meters..............................0.91 meters to yards..............................1.09 miles to kilometers........................1.61 kilometers to miles........................0.62 1 ft = 0.30 m 1 m = 3.3 ft 1 mile = 1.6 km 1 km = 0.62 mile To convert..........................multiply by Ounces to grams......................... 28.35 Grams to ounces..........................0.035 Pounds to kilograms..................... 0.45 Kilograms to pounds.................... 2.20 1 ounce = 28 grams 1 pound = 0.4555 kilogram 1 gram = 0.04 ounce 1 kilogram = 2.2 pounds Kauai 4th Edition by Jeanette Foster A B O U T T H E AU T H O R A resident of the Big Island, Jeanette Foster has skied the slopes of Mauna Kea—during a Fourth of July ski meet no less—and gone scuba diving with manta rays off the Kona Coast. A prolific writer widely published in travel, sports, and adventure magazines, she’s also the editor of Zagat’s Survey to Hawaii’s Top Restaurants. In addition to writing this guide, Jeanette is the author of Frommer’s Hawaii; Frommer’s Hawaii with Kids; Frommer’s Maui; Frommer’s Portable Big Island; Frommer’s Honolulu, Waikiki & Oahu; Frommer’s Maui Day by Day; Frommer’s Honolulu & Oahu Day by Day; and Frommer’s Hawaii Day by Day. Published by: W I L E Y P U B L I S H I N G, I N C. 111 River St. Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774 Copyright © 2010 Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, 978/750-8400, fax 978/646-8600.

FAUNA The biggest impact on the fauna in Hawaii is the decimation of native birds by feral animals, which have destroyed the bird’s habitats, and by mongooses that have eaten the birds’ eggs and young. Government officials are vigilant about snakes because of the potential damage they can do to the remaining bird life. A recent pest introduced to Hawaii is the coqui frog. That loud noise you hear after dark, especially on the eastern side of the Big Island and various parts of Maui, including the Kapalua Resort area and on the windward side of the island, is the cry of the male coqui frog looking for a mate. A native of Puerto Rico, where the frogs are kept in check by snakes, the coqui frog came to Hawaii in some plant material, found no natural enemies, and has spread across the Big Island and Maui. A chorus of several hundred coqui frogs is deafening (it’s been measured at 163 decibels, or the noise level of a jet engine from 100 ft.).


pages: 145 words: 43,599

Hawai'I Becalmed: Economic Lessons of the 1990s by Christopher Grandy

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Bretton Woods, business climate, dark matter, inventory management, Long Term Capital Management, market bubble, Maui Hawaii, minimum wage unemployment, open economy, purchasing power parity, Silicon Valley, Telecommunications Act of 1996

Walter Dods Lawrence Fuller Walter Heen Stanley Hong Lawrence Johnson Richard Kelley Charles King Patricia Loui Donald Malcolm Norman Mizuguchi Kenneth Mortimer Russell Okata CEO and Chairman of the Board Chairman of the Board President President Chairman of the Board Senate President President Executive Director Diane Plotts General Partner John Reed Gary Rodrigues Stephany Sofos Joseph Souki Stanley Takahashi President State Director President Speaker of the House Executive Vice President and COO President and CEO President and CEO President Barry Taniguchi Roy Tokujo Chatt Wright First Hawaiian Bank Honolulu Advertiser State of Hawai‘i Chamber of Commerce of Hawai‘i Bank of Hawai‘i Outrigger Enterprises Inc. King Auto Center Omnitrak Group Maui Pacific Center State of Hawai‘i University of Hawai‘i Hawai‘i Government Employees Association Mid-East and China Trading Co. DFS Hawai‘i United Public Workers SL Sofos and Co., Ltd. State of Hawai‘i Kyo-Ya Company, Ltd. KTA Super Stores Cove Marketing Hawai‘i Pacific University rocks of specific interests. If as many people as possible who affected Hawai‘i public opinion could be brought into the process, then the recommendations, however they turned out, would stand a better chance of surviving. 66 Hawai‘i Becalmed With luck, the Economic Revitalization task force (ERTF) could present the legislature with a political mandate for important changes that would prevent the disintegration of proposals through the contention of different interests.

Between early 1985 and 1989 the yen rose from 260 per dollar to 144 per dollar—an 81% appreciation. The rising yen made Hawai‘i products and services less expensive for the Japanese consumer, and this stimulated Japanese-based visitor spending in Hawai‘i. The effects of increased Japanese visitors to Hawai‘i were not confined to the numbers of tourists or their spending alone. The forces that drove The Bubble 15 Figure 5 Yen-Dollar Exchange Rate, 1975–1989 Monthly Yen per Dollar Source: http://pacific.commerce.ubc.ca/xr/data.html up real estate and stock prices in Japan had similar effects on Hawai‘i. Japanese investors increasingly came to Hawai‘i to buy assets, largely tourismrelated investment—such as the Halekulani Hotel on O‘ahu and the Westin hotels on Maui and Kaua‘i. Other purchases might qualify as “trophy” properties such as Ala Moana Shopping Center, the Sheraton Moana Surfrider, and Grand Wailea Resort on Maui.

He was part of the administration accused of causing Hawai‘i’s economic malaise. Politically, Waihe‘e came as close to being a pariah in Hawai‘i as it was possible to come without having actually committed a crime. Cayetano was a part of that—although his independence and feuding with the former governor were well known. His opponent Linda Lingle was an ideal non-Republican Republican. She was relatively young, female, and articulate, a refreshing change from the predominantly older male Republicans of Hawai‘i’s plantation era. Lingle also had a solid reputation for innovation, earned during her two terms as mayor of Maui. After having served on the Maui county council throughout the 1980s, Lingle ran for mayor in 1990 and, to the surprise of many, won. She was the youngest person ever elected mayor of Maui County. Lingle’s administrations were noted for fiscal prudence and an attention to detail.


pages: 319 words: 89,477

The Power of Pull: How Small Moves, Smartly Made, Can Set Big Things in Motion by John Hagel Iii, John Seely Brown

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Albert Einstein, Andrew Keen, barriers to entry, Black Swan, business process, call centre, Clayton Christensen, cleantech, cloud computing, corporate governance, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, future of work, game design, George Gilder, Isaac Newton, job satisfaction, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, loose coupling, Louis Pasteur, Malcom McLean invented shipping containers, Maui Hawaii, medical residency, Network effects, packet switching, pattern recognition, pre–internet, profit motive, recommendation engine, Ronald Coase, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart transportation, software as a service, supply-chain management, The Nature of the Firm, too big to fail, trade liberalization, transaction costs

See Demand forecasts FoxyTunes Freud, Sigmund Friendships and relationships not geographically limited scaling of (Dunbar’s Number) skills cultivated for serendipitous encounters Frost, Gerry Fung, Victor Fung, William Garrett AiResearch Gates, Bill Gen X Generation Y Geographic spikes and conferences described enhance all levels of pull as environments for serendipity with shared passions, cognitive diversity Gilder, George Global Voices Google AdSense platform and the Open Handset Alliance distinguishes between free, paid, search results as pull platform as search engine Governance protocols in creation spaces Government agencies and institutions experiencing performance pressures face post-9/11 digital challenges interested in shaping strategies Growth strategies using pull-based models Guilds. See Teams and guilds Gullerbone Hamilton, Laird Hartman, Zenkei Blanche Hawaii Amateur Surfing Association Hedgers in shaping strategies Henderson, Bruce Hewlett Packard (HP) Hidary, Jack creates broader shaping strategy moves out of comfort zones, exposes surfaces on sending out beacons Hierarchies in push systems Hock, Dee Hookipa surf break, Maui, Hawaii Human Rights Watch IBM ICQ Incentives and incentive structures. See Rewards and incentives Increasing returns definition India as geographic edge-transforms-core example geographic spikes in Individuals apply shaping strategies personally as catalysts for institutional change elements of journey toward pull ig identifying those with passion as self-employed, passionate with shaping strategies from outside-in See also Participants Industrial Organization for Standardization Industry Value Networks (IVNs) Influencers in a shaping strategy Information overload Information technology investment.

See Change; Innovations Institutional innovation catalyzed by passionate individuals by a few 20th century leaders hoped to be created by Markle Task Force needed for shaping strategies as third wave transforming challenges into opportunities Institutional platforms amplifying employee networks focusing on needs of others for talent development Institutions amplifying employees’ passions, creativity amplifying power of pull amplifying through IT investments amplifying through mindset being pulled from the top elements of journey toward pull ig with growth strategies using pull-based models motivating employees to improve performance participating in conference strategies participating in geographic spikes push programs described redefining scalable learning rationale viability of Intel Interaction leverage through shaping platforms Internet as edge-transforms-core example Internet Relay Chat iPhone communications technology iPod Iranian protests of 2009 cellphone videos go viral personal online networks mobilized Irons, Andy Irons, Bruce IT architectures, outside-in IT investments exception handling using edge participants related to scalable push ideas Ito, Joichi (Joi) as moving out of comfort zones personal benefits from social network in selected virtual environments social networks amplify success of others supports Iranian protestors with personal network iTunes platform Journey toward pull elements introduced maps with elementsig Joy, Bill Just-in-time manufacturing philosophy Kagermann, Henning Kaminsky, Dan Key players in shaping strategies Kinoshita, Matt Knowledge, explicit versus tacit Knowledge economy Knowledge flows access through shaping platforms compared to, moving from, knowledge stocks fig on the edge as filters for relevant information of passionate employees in personal lives, creating new knowledge tacit versus explicit Knowledge workers artificially distinguished from workforce performance improvement for Kustom Air Strike Labor unions Larsen brothers Lean manufacturing Learning organization approaches Lemmey, Tara Leschziner, Vanina Leverage based on capabilities vs. financial as element of journey toward pull igigig growth driven by pull platforms for/from passionate, talented, individuals in institutions as shaping, extending, personal ecosystems as shaping platform Levine, Rick Levy, Ellen Li & Fung global network Linear Technologies LinkedIn Listening skills. See Deep listening LiveLeak Makaha Beach, Oahu, Hawaii Markle Task Force on National Security in the Information Age Marzo, Clay Massively multiplayer online role-playing games Maui, Hawaii Mavericks surf break, California McCracken, Grant McLean, Malcom begins with start-up company shapes global shipping industry uses pull to reshape world Media X Merton, Robert K. Microsoft as example of shaping view motivates third-party investments Mindsets for management of collaboration of control, threatened by change Minnick, Mary Mirabilis Mobile phone industry Modular design of pull platforms described Li & Fung’s specific activities, outputs motivates passionate individuals to success Moore’s Law Mor ville, Peter Motorola Mousavi, Mir-Hossein Myanmar (Burma) Saffron Revolution National Scholastic Surfing Association “The Nature of the Firm” essay (Coase) NetWeaver Networks types of, described Newspapers 9/11 attacks Noll, Greg Nonprofit organizations experiencing performance pressures shaping strategies in Novell Oahu, Hawaii Obama, Barack Obstfeld, David The Office television program Old-boy networks Online communities.

Maybe it’s because, despite a handful of world-class breaks, Maui generally doesn’t have the best surf in the Hawaiian Islands. That honor goes hands down to Oahu, which is surrounded by great waves and historic surf breaks—and which has produced the lion’s share of Hawaii’s most famous surfers. So how did the five little groms from Maui, who grew up best pals and stiffest competitors, go from surfing for kicks to winning Junior titles to standing on the verge of making the pro tour? That question, in its more general form, applies well beyond the world of surfing. Whether it’s in online gaming, amateur astronomy, open-source software development, apparel manufacturing, or online music remixing—what is it that makes one set of circumstances right for individuals or institutions to flourish while others yield weak or even depreciating results? How can a group of obscure motorcycle assemblers in China challenge the best Japan has to offer?


pages: 304 words: 87,702

The 100 Best Vacations to Enrich Your Life by Pam Grout

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Albert Einstein, Buckminster Fuller, clean water, complexity theory, David Brooks, East Village, global village, Golden Gate Park, if you build it, they will come, Maui Hawaii, Mikhail Gorbachev, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, supervolcano, transcontinental railway, urban sprawl, Yogi Berra

Now, there are even host farms in Slovenia, Uganda, the Czech Republic, Turkey, and Ghana. Although there are loosely followed international guidelines, each country hosts its own list of farms and runs its operation separately. WWOOF Hawaii was launched by the organizers of WWOOF Canada. There’s also a WWOOF USA covering the rest of the United States if you’d rather work on the mainland. Hawaii, however, with the perfect growing climate, offers endless possibilities and a wide variety of farms. All told, there are more than a hundred organic farms, ranging from large plantations to small community gardens, located on five Hawaiian islands. On Maui, for example, you can work on a tropical flower garden in the middle of the rain forest or on a bamboo farm that doubles as a meditation-and-retreat center. On Kauai, you can work on a small goat-cheese dairy farm or on a farm that runs a whole foods co-op.

Key West Literary Seminar, 718 Love Lane, Key West, FL 33040 (December–April) or 16 Prayer Ridge Road, Fairview, NC 28730 (May–November), 888-293-9291, www.keywestliteraryseminar.org. Maui Writers Conference and Retreat. Less highbrow than some of the workshops, this program’s beautiful setting on Maui’s southern coast attracts fans of genre writing, not to mention lots of agents and editors willing to sign up writer wannabes. They even have a manuscript marketplace. Held at the Wailea Marriott in late August or early September, you can combine a week of writer’s retreat, where you’ll have lots of time to write and work with an author, with the actual writer’s conference that follows. The conference, held over Labor Day weekend, is $495, and the five-day retreat is $1,095. Maui Writers Conference, P.O. Box 1118, Kihei, HI 96753, 888-974-8373 or 808-879-0061, http://mauiwriters.com

A quick perusal of its website shows canoe trips, bicycle trips, dogsled trips, sailing trips, trips for families, trips for seniors, trips for activists, and on and on. Although all their outings advocate the “exploration, enjoyment and protection of the planet,” their service trips, roughly 90 of them per year, send volunteers across the country to do everything from researching whale calving grounds in Maui to assisting with prairie restoration in Iowa to building a trail along Arkansas rivers. The Sierra Club estimates that in man-hours alone, it contributes nearly a half million dollars a year to work projects in state and federal land agencies. In terms of changing the mindset of the planet, the Sierra Club’s Inner City Outings (ICO) may be one of the most important volunteer opportunities in the organization’s busy lineup.


pages: 255 words: 90,456

Frommer's Irreverent Guide to San Francisco by Matthew Richard Poole

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Bay Area Rapid Transit, game design, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute cuisine, Loma Prieta earthquake, Maui Hawaii, pez dispenser, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, Torches of Freedom, upwardly mobile

Washington State FROMMER’S® DOLLAR-A-DAY GUIDES Australia from $60 a Day California from $70 a Day England from $75 a Day Europe from $85 a Day Florida from $70 a Day Hawaii from $80 a Day Ireland from $90 a Day Italy from $90 a Day London from $95 a Day New York City from $90 a Day Paris from $95 a Day San Francisco from $70 a Day Washington, D.C. from $80 a Day FROMMER’S® PORTABLE GUIDES Acapulco, Ixtapa & Zihuatanejo Amsterdam Aruba Australia’s Great Barrier Reef Bahamas Berlin Big Island of Hawaii Boston California Wine Country Cancún Cayman Islands Charleston Chicago Disneyland® Dominican Republic Dublin Florence Las Vegas Las Vegas for Non-Gamblers London Los Angeles Maui Nantucket & Martha’s Vineyard New Orleans New York City Paris Portland Puerto Rico Puerto Vallarta, Manzanillo & Guadalajara Rio de Janeiro San Diego San Francisco Savannah Vancouver Venice Virgin Islands Washington, D.C.

Whistler FROMMER’S® CRUISE GUIDES Alaska Cruises & Ports of Call Cruises & Ports of Call European Cruises & Ports of Call FROMMER’S® DAY BY DAY GUIDES Amsterdam Chicago Florence & Tuscany Rome San Francisco Venice London New York City Paris FROMMER’S® NATIONAL PARK GUIDES Algonquin Provincial Park Banff & Jasper Grand Canyon National Parks of the American West Rocky Mountain Yellowstone & Grand Teton Yosemite and Sequoia & Kings Canyon Zion & Bryce Canyon FROMMER’S® MEMORABLE WALKS Chicago London New York Paris Rome San Francisco FROMMER’S® WITH KIDS GUIDES Chicago Hawaii Las Vegas London Toronto Walt Disney World® & Orlando Washington, D.C. National Parks New York City San Francisco SUZY GERSHMAN’S BORN TO SHOP GUIDES Born to Shop: France Born to Shop: Hong Kong, Shanghai & Beijing Born to Shop: Italy Born to Shop: London Born to Shop: New York Born to Shop: Paris FROMMER’S® IRREVERENT GUIDES Amsterdam Boston Chicago Las Vegas London Rome San Francisco Walt Disney World® Washington, D.C. Los Angeles Manhattan New Orleans Paris FROMMER’S® BEST-LOVED DRIVING TOURS Austria Britain California France Germany Ireland Italy New England Northern Italy Scotland Spain Tuscany & Umbria Hawaii Ireland Las Vegas London Maui Mexico’s Best Beach Resorts Mini Las Vegas Mini Mickey New Orleans New York City Paris San Francisco South Florida including Miami & the Keys Walt Disney World® Walt Disney World® for Grown-ups Walt Disney World® with Kids Washington, D.C.

to guide San o c s i c n Fra 6th Edition By Matthew Richard Poole other titles in the IRREVERENT GUIDE series Irreverent Amsterdam Irreverent Boston Irreverent Chicago Irreverent Las Vegas Irreverent London Irreverent Los Angeles Irreverent Manhattan Irreverent New Orleans Irreverent Paris Irreverent Seattle & Portland Irreverent Vancouver Irreverent Walt Disney World ® Irreverent Washington, D.C. About the Author Matthew Richard Poole, a native Californian, has authored more than two dozen travel guides to California, Hawaii, and abroad, and is a regular contributor to radio and television travel programs, including numerous guest appearances on the award-winning Bay Area Backroads television show. Before becoming a full-time travel writer and photographer, he worked as an English tutor in Prague, ski instructor in the Swiss Alps, and scuba instructor in Maui and Thailand. Highly allergic to office buildings and mortgage payments, he spends most of his time traveling the globe and searching for new adventures. His other Frommer’s titles include California, California from $70 a Day, San Francisco from $70 a Day, and Portable Disneyland.

The Naked Presenter: Delivering Powerful Presentations With or Without Slides by Garr Reynolds

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deliberate practice, fear of failure, Hans Rosling, index card, Mahatma Gandhi, Maui Hawaii, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs

You can shorten the distance if you remember to make sure you create the visuals that can be understood easily, without any eyestrain, from anywhere in the room. When it comes to visuals, think big. Develop Play We were born to play. Play is how we learn and develop our minds and our bodies, and it’s also how we express ourselves. Play comes naturally to us. I was reminded of this while listening to a cool little jazz gig near the beach on Maui, Hawaii, in early 2010. I snapped the photo below of a little girl enjoying the simple beauty of that musical moment by dancing happily all by herself. 122 The Naked Presenter Wow! eBook <WoweBook.Com> I love this picture because it shows both adults and a child at play. The adult musicians are expressing themselves through jazz, a complex form of play with rules and constraints but also great freedom— freedom that leads to tremendous creativity and enjoyment for the players and for the listeners.

The stories and the emotional connections they triggered—surprise, sympathy, and empathy—with the audience caused these relatively small points to be remembered most in people’s minds. Telling stories is the natural way humans share information. The stories that get remembered best trigger one or more emotions. Chapter 2 First Things First: Preparation 47 Wow! eBook <WoweBook.Com> Stories Get Your Attention and Make It Real This January, we drove Maui’s Road to Hana—one of the most beautiful places in the world—to the ’Ohe’o Gulch Falls at Haleakala National Park in Kipahulu. The falls look inviting and are usually calm. But to warn the tourists of the great dangers that lurk, large warnings signs have been installed to advise people to use great caution. Of course, people often ignore warning signs like this. They think the dangers are abstractions that happen to other The sign above features newspaper clippings, people, if they happen at all. which underscore the dangers by making What I found very effective this content more emotional, real, and memorable. was that the park service included newspaper clippings of actual accidents that had occurred there recently.

See also presentations Ki (life force), 176 Kodo: Ancient Ways, 71 Nakamura, Masa, 112 naked approach, explained, 10 naked relationship, (hadaka no tsukiai), 5– 6 natural delivery, 25 natural expression of self, 13–14 naturalness, 6 of childhood, 195 speaking with, 7–8 nature Japanese affection for, 6–7 learning from, 6 negatives, overcoming in stories, 44 Negroponte, Nicholas, 129–130 nervousness, avoiding mention of, 74 Newman, Paul, 76–77 notes overcoming dependence on, 15–16 using, 54 Novel aspect of PUNCH, 66– 67 numbers, interpreting, 150, 153 L lavalier mic, considering, 86–87 learning by doing, 144– 145 process of, 72, 111 role of play in, 123 lectern, presenting from, 116 life force (ki), 176 Life in Three Easy Lessons, 176 lifelong learning (shogai gakushu), 186 lights, leaving on, 88 Lusensky, Jakob, 85 M Made to Stick: Why Some Ideas Survive and Others Die, 164 Marsalis, Wynton, 8, 11 martial way (budo), 124 masks, removing, 21 material, knowing, 121 Maui photo of girl, 122–123 Road to Hana, 48 warning sign, 48 McKee, Robert, 43–44, 46 Medina, John, 32, 40, 108, 137–138 memory and emotions, 108 microphone, considering, 86 Mifune, Kyuzo, 190–191 mirror neurons, 110–112 mistakes, overcoming, 119 Miwa, Yoshida, 112 monotone, impact on speeches, 139 Monta Method, 157 Moon, Richard, 176 moving audiences, 34 moving with purpose, 83– 84 multitasking myth, 32 O ofuro (Japanese bath), 5, 20–23 onsen (Japanese hot springs), 5– 6 O-sensei (great teacher), 175 outline, introducing, 75 outside onsen (roten-buro), 21 P pace attention and need for change, 137–138 changing, 140–143 changing for speaking, 159 varying, 136–140 varying in keynotes, 151 participation, 144 asking for volunteers, 156 asking questions, 152 audience activity, 144– 145 building with hands, 156 conducting brainstorming activities, 155 discussion groups, 157 encouraging, 152, 154– 159 showing visuals, 154 sketching ideas, 156 stimulating imaginations, 158 Index 203 Wow!


pages: 195 words: 70,193

Frommer's Portable San Diego by Mark Hiss

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car-free, East Village, Golden Gate Park, Maui Hawaii

Petersburg Munich & the Bavarian Alps Nashville & Memphis New England Newfoundland & Labrador New Mexico New Orleans New York City New York State New Zealand Northern Italy Norway Nova Scotia, New Brunswick & Prince Edward Island Oregon Paris Peru Philadelphia & the Amish Country Portugal Prague & the Best of the Czech Republic Provence & the Riviera Puerto Rico Rome San Antonio & Austin San Diego San Francisco Santa Fe, Taos & Albuquerque Scandinavia Scotland Seattle Seville, Granada & the Best of Andalusia Shanghai Sicily Singapore & Malaysia South Africa South America South Florida South Pacific Southeast Asia Spain Sweden Switzerland Tahiti & French Polynesia Texas Thailand Tokyo Toronto Turkey USA Utah Vancouver & Victoria Vermont, New Hampshire & Maine Vienna & the Danube Valley Vietnam Virgin Islands Virginia Walt Disney World® & Orlando Washington, D.C. Washington State FROMMER’S® DAY BY DAY GUIDES Amsterdam Chicago Florence & Tuscany London New York City Paris Rome San Francisco Venice PAULINE FROMMER’S GUIDES! SEE MORE. SPEND LESS. Hawaii Italy New York City ® FROMMER’S PORTABLE GUIDES Acapulco, Ixtapa & Zihuatanejo Amsterdam Aruba Australia’s Great Barrier Reef Bahamas Big Island of Hawaii Boston California Wine Country Cancún Cayman Islands Charleston Chicago Dominican Republic Dublin Florence Las Vegas Las Vegas for Non-Gamblers London Maui Nantucket & Martha’s Vineyard New Orleans New York City Paris Portland Puerto Rico Puerto Vallarta, Manzanillo & Guadalajara Rio de Janeiro San Diego San Francisco Savannah St. Martin, Sint Maarten, Anguila & St. Bart’s Turks & Caicos Vancouver Venice Virgin Islands Washington, D.C.

Whistler FROMMER’S® CRUISE GUIDES Alaska Cruises & Ports of Call Cruises & Ports of Call European Cruises & Ports of Call ® FROMMER’S NATIONAL PARK GUIDES Algonquin Provincial Park Banff & Jasper Grand Canyon National Parks of the American West Rocky Mountain Yellowstone & Grand Teton Yosemite and Sequoia & Kings Canyon Zion & Bryce Canyon FROMMER’S® MEMORABLE WALKS London New York Paris Rome San Francisco FROMMER’S® WITH KIDS GUIDES Chicago Hawaii Las Vegas London Toronto Walt Disney World® & Orlando Washington, D.C. National Parks New York City San Francisco SUZY GERSHMAN’S BORN TO SHOP GUIDES France Hong Kong, Shanghai & Beijing Italy London New York Paris San Francisco FROMMER’S® IRREVERENT GUIDES Amsterdam Boston Chicago Las Vegas Rome San Francisco Walt Disney World® Washington, D.C. London Los Angeles Manhattan Paris FROMMER’S® BEST-LOVED DRIVING TOURS Austria Britain California France Germany Ireland Italy New England Northern Italy Scotland Spain Tuscany & Umbria Hawaii Ireland Las Vegas London Maui Mexico’s Best Beach Resorts Mini Mickey New Orleans New York City Paris San Francisco South Florida including Miami & the Keys Walt Disney World® Walt Disney World® for Grown-ups Walt Disney World® with Kids Washington, D.C.

., 79 The Brigantine, 94–95 Brockton Villa, 91 Bronx Pizza, 77–78 Buon Appetito, 70 Cafe Chloe, 73 Café Lulu, 75 Cafe Pacifica, 81 Caffé Bella Italia, 85 California Cuisine, 76 Candelas, 71 Casa Guadalajara, 82 Chez Loma, 95 Chive, 71–72 Clay’s La Jolla, 92 Clayton’s Coffee Shop, 96 Corvette Diner, 80 The Cottage, 93–94 Crest Cafe, 80 Dobson’s Bar & Restaurant, 72 El Agave Tequileria, 81 El Bizcocho, 97 El Zarape, 83 Emerald Restaurant, 97 Extraordinary Desserts, 78 1500 Ocean, 94 Filippi’s Pizza Grotto, 75 The Fishery, 85–86 The Fish Market, 73–74 Georges California Modern, 88 The Green Flash, 86 Gringo’s, 86–87 Hawthorn’s, 78–79 Il Fornaio, 92 Indigo Grill, 72–73 Island Prime, 72–73 Jack’s La Jolla, 88–89 Jasmine, 97 Jyoti Bihanga, 97 Karl Strauss Brewery & Grill, 74 Kensington Grill, 97 Laurel Restaurant & Bar, 76–77 Living Room Coffeehouse, 82–83 Mamá Testa, 83 The Marine Room, 89 Mille Fleurs, 97 The Mission, 87 Modus, 79 Nick’s at the Pier, 92 Nine-Ten, 89–90 The Oceanaire Seafood Room, 70 Old Town Mexican Café, 83–84 Parallel 33, 77 Peohe’s, 92 Piatti, 93 Point Loma Seafoods, 83 Po Pazzo, 70 Rainwater’s on Kettner, 70–71 Red Pearl Kitchen, 74 R E S TA U R A N T I N D E X Rhinoceros Cafe & Grille, 96 Roppongi, 90 Rubio’s Baja Grill, 83 Sky Room, 92 Sogno DiVino, 70 South Beach Bar & Grill, 83 Spice & Rice Thai Kitchen, 93 Sushi Ota, 87 Thee Bungalow, 85 Top of the Market, 73–74 Trattoria Acqua, 90–91 Villa Nueva Bakery Café, 96–97 Wahoo’s Fish Taco, 83 Zenbu, 91 181 FROMMER’S® COMPLETE TRAVEL GUIDES Alaska Amalfi Coast American Southwest Amsterdam Argentina & Chile Arizona Atlanta Australia Austria Bahamas Barcelona Beijing Belgium, Holland & Luxembourg Belize Bermuda Boston Brazil British Columbia & the Canadian Rockies Brussels & Bruges Budapest & the Best of Hungary Buenos Aires Calgary California Canada Cancún, Cozumel & the Yucatán Cape Cod, Nantucket & Martha’s Vineyard Caribbean Caribbean Ports of Call Carolinas & Georgia Chicago China Colorado Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Denmark Denver, Boulder & Colorado Springs Edinburgh & Glasgow England Europe Europe by Rail Florence, Tuscany & Umbria Florida France Germany Greece Greek Islands Hawaii Hong Kong Honolulu, Waikiki & Oahu India Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Kauai Las Vegas London Los Angeles Los Cabos & Baja Madrid Maine Coast Maryland & Delaware Maui Mexico Montana & Wyoming Montréal & Québec City Moscow & St. Petersburg Munich & the Bavarian Alps Nashville & Memphis New England Newfoundland & Labrador New Mexico New Orleans New York City New York State New Zealand Northern Italy Norway Nova Scotia, New Brunswick & Prince Edward Island Oregon Paris Peru Philadelphia & the Amish Country Portugal Prague & the Best of the Czech Republic Provence & the Riviera Puerto Rico Rome San Antonio & Austin San Diego San Francisco Santa Fe, Taos & Albuquerque Scandinavia Scotland Seattle Seville, Granada & the Best of Andalusia Shanghai Sicily Singapore & Malaysia South Africa South America South Florida South Pacific Southeast Asia Spain Sweden Switzerland Tahiti & French Polynesia Texas Thailand Tokyo Toronto Turkey USA Utah Vancouver & Victoria Vermont, New Hampshire & Maine Vienna & the Danube Valley Vietnam Virgin Islands Virginia Walt Disney World® & Orlando Washington, D.C.


pages: 390 words: 108,811

Geektastic: Stories From the Nerd Herd by Holly Black, Cecil Castellucci

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citation needed, double helix, index card, Maui Hawaii, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup

The six-hour time difference made it difficult to call to my friends back home—most were busy with their twirling and school activities. And when I did talk to Natalie Catrine and the rest, they refused to hear that I was miserable. They were more interested in the white-sand beaches, Maui’s current temperature, and Mr. Hunter’s big house. “Paradise,” Natalie Catrine would murmur. “Felicity, you’re living in paradise.” One day as I walked home, I spotted a tour bus near the waterfall. I didn’t believe it at first, but sure enough, there was Mrs. Cardiff, from the dry cleaner back in Asher! She was the last person I would ever think would travel to Maui. Mrs. Cardiff was shading her eyes with one hand and fanning her face with the other. I hardly recognized her—she must have put on eighty pounds. I raced over and before I could stop myself I was sobbing, telling Mrs.

Plus, my vertical and horizontal two-spin was legendary. Every football and basketball half-time finale ended with me tossing the baton in the air as the crowd would yell, “Whoooooooooooa.” This continued until my baton made its downward descent and I reclaimed it, whereupon the crowd would shout “Nelly!” and a cheer would erupt. On my first day at Kahanamoku Academy I woke up early. I was excited to make new friends. Maui’s tropical weather made my perm frizzier than it already was, so I elected to wear my hair in French braids and adorned them with blue and yellow ribbons (my new school colors). To complement this, I wore matching sky-blue eye shadow. I considered wearing my Miss Pep sweater, but didn’t want to appear boastful, so instead I brought my lucky baton to school. That baton won me more twirling awards than I could count.

You know, like Portuguese.” “Ah!” Headmaster Field cried. “That’s not Portuguese, that’s pigeon.” He went on to explain that Hawaiians often slipped into what was called “pidgin” English, a very casual way of talking that set the locals apart from the tourists. For example, “How is it?” would be “howzit?” And “would you like to go to dinner” would be “wanna goda dinna, huh?” Great. As if moving from Asher to Maui weren’t hard enough. Now there was a language barrier. Before we met Mr. Hunter, we lived in what seemed to be an endless series of dark, cramped apartments. Because of my brother, there was never enough money. Carl was expensive. We were always looking for ways to save a dollar or two. Sometimes, like when my mother had to perm my hair at home or when we ate spaghetti for a week, I’d blame Carl.


pages: 570 words: 151,609

Into the Black: The Extraordinary Untold Story of the First Flight of the Space Shuttle Columbia and the Astronauts Who Flew Her by Rowland White, Richard Truly

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Albert Einstein, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, cuban missile crisis, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Isaac Newton, John von Neumann, Maui Hawaii, Mercator projection, Ronald Reagan, V2 rocket

Barely three quarters of an hour after first becoming aware of the missing tiles, NASA was preparing a statement about the situation, the public announcer explaining that in addition to postlaunch assessment of the launch video and checking surface temperature measurements from the Shuttle for abnormalities, they would also be relying on outside help. “Department of Defense ground stations, that’s Hawaii and Malabar, Florida,” he said, “will be utilized and obtain ground-based photography for any other potential damage.” He was careful not to share any more information than that. • • • Code-named TEAL BLUE and TEAL AMBER, the two DOD telescopes charged with carrying out the “ground-based photography” performed a role the Air Force described as “Space Object Identification” and represented the zenith of an effort initiated by the Air Force soon after the launch of Sputnik in 1957 to track and photograph spacecraft. The former was mounted 10,000 feet high on Mount Haleakalā in Maui, the latter, 30 miles south of Cape Canāveral. Both Air Force telescopes were used to take high-resolution pictures of orbiting Soviet and Chinese spacecraft.

While Air Force officers narrowed down their options for imaging Columbia using the KEYHOLE satellites, operators at another Air Force facility 2,300 miles to the southwest were already trying to do the same thing from the ground—albeit from over 10,000 feet above sea level on the summit of Mount Haleakalā. As Young and Crippen began their ninth orbit, twelve hours into the mission, it was hoped that, as their spacecraft passed within range of the Maui Space Surveillance Complex TEAL BLUE telescope camera, the Air Force might capture the first usable images of her heat shield. The attempt, however, was doomed to failure. The Shuttle, as she passed Hawaii, was still on the flight plan as originally scheduled; there’d been no effort to maneuver her into a different orbital attitude. Traveling upside down and tail first, there was simply no way that her underside could be seen from Earth. It was no more visible to the Air Force telescope operators than the dark side of the moon

There was still time to correct the mistake, however. “I’m going to reselect the jets,” Crip said. “Okay, very good.” And shortly after Mission Control lost the signal from Guam, after powering up the jet drivers, the astronauts completed the maneuver into the required postburn attitude, barely a minute before being picked up as she passed north of Hawaii. • • • “I’ve discovered,” Crippen had told CapCom earlier in the mission, “that there’s lots of clouds around the world.” And now, as Air Force personnel at the Maui Optical Station and in Malabar tried to track and focus on Columbia as she passed within range of their telescopes, they were proving to be an issue. Both sites had been chosen because of clear air and good weather. Today, though, during one of the few orbits in which the Shuttle’s trajectory combined with favorable lighting conditions to make an image a possibility, the Air Force was obliged to contend with scattered cloud around 4,000 feet and visibility of only about 7 miles.


pages: 194 words: 59,488

Frommer's Memorable Walks in London by Richard Jones

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Alistair Cooke, British Empire, Isaac Newton, Jarndyce and Jarndyce, John Snow's cholera map, Maui Hawaii, medical malpractice

Washington State FROMMER’S® DOLLAR-A-DAY GUIDES Australia from $60 a Day California from $70 a Day England from $75 a Day Europe from $85 a Day Florida from $70 a Day Hawaii from $80 a Day Ireland from $90 a Day Italy from $90 a Day London from $95 a Day New York City from $90 a Day Paris from $95 a Day San Francisco from $70 a Day Washington, D.C. from $80 a Day FROMMER’S® PORTABLE GUIDES Acapulco, Ixtapa & Zihuatanejo Amsterdam Aruba Australia’s Great Barrier Reef Bahamas Berlin Big Island of Hawaii Boston California Wine Country Cancún Cayman Islands Charleston Chicago Disneyland® Dominican Republic Dublin Florence Las Vegas Las Vegas for Non-Gamblers London Los Angeles Maui Nantucket & Martha’s Vineyard New Orleans New York City Paris Portland Puerto Rico Puerto Vallarta, Manzanillo & Guadalajara Rio de Janeiro San Diego San Francisco Savannah Vancouver Venice Virgin Islands Washington, D.C.

Whistler FROMMER’S® CRUISE GUIDES Alaska Cruises & Ports of Call Cruises & Ports of Call European Cruises & Ports of Call FROMMER’S® DAY BY DAY GUIDES Amsterdam Chicago Florence & Tuscany Rome San Francisco Venice London New York City Paris FROMMER’S® NATIONAL PARK GUIDES Algonquin Provincial Park Banff & Jasper Grand Canyon National Parks of the American West Rocky Mountain Yellowstone & Grand Teton Yosemite and Sequoia & Kings Canyon Zion & Bryce Canyon FROMMER’S® MEMORABLE WALKS Chicago London New York Paris Rome San Francisco FROMMER’S® WITH KIDS GUIDES Chicago Hawaii Las Vegas London Toronto Walt Disney World® & Orlando Washington, D.C. National Parks New York City San Francisco SUZY GERSHMAN’S BORN TO SHOP GUIDES Born to Shop: France Born to Shop: Hong Kong, Shanghai & Beijing Born to Shop: Italy Born to Shop: London Born to Shop: New York Born to Shop: Paris FROMMER’S® IRREVERENT GUIDES Amsterdam Boston Chicago Las Vegas London Rome San Francisco Walt Disney World® Washington, D.C. Los Angeles Manhattan New Orleans Paris FROMMER’S® BEST-LOVED DRIVING TOURS Austria Britain California France Germany Ireland Italy New England Northern Italy Scotland Spain Tuscany & Umbria Hawaii Ireland Las Vegas London Maui Mexico’s Best Beach Resorts Mini Las Vegas Mini Mickey New Orleans New York City Paris San Francisco South Florida including Miami & the Keys Walt Disney World® Walt Disney World® for Grown-ups Walt Disney World® with Kids Washington, D.C.

., 154 Well Walk No. 14, 162 No. 40, 162 West Central, 128 Westminster Abbey, 5, 68 Westminster Bridge, 63–64 Westminster Hall, 66–67 Whistler, James Abbott McNeill, 145–146 Whitechapel Art Gallery, 92 Whitechapel Bell Foundry, 90 Whitechapel High Street, Number 88, 92–93 Whitechapel Public Library, 92 Whitechapel Road, No. 259, 88 Whitehall, 55 Whitehouse, 145 White’s Club, 76–77 Whitestone Pond, 159 Whiting, John and Margaret, monument to, 22 Wig and Pen Club, 35 Wilde, Oscar, 75, 79, 82, 144–145 Wildy and Sons, 33–34 William Rufus, 66 William III, 16 Williamson’s Tavern, 16 William the Conqueror, 5 Willow Road, No. 2, 163 Wolfe, Thomas, 143 Wood Street, 17 Woolf, Virginia, 116–118, 173–176 Wordsworth, William, 17, 63–64 World War II, 8, 18, 62, 114, 174 Wren, Sir Christopher, 6, 14–16, 25, 39, 60, 80, 107, 128, 141, 142 Ye Olde Cheshire Cheese, 37–38 Ye Olde Mitre Tavern, 109 Ye Olde Watling, 15 York, Duke of, Headquarters of, 141 Young Dancer, 50 Zafferano, 171 Zangwill, Israel, 93 Zimbabwe House, 48 FROMMER’S® COMPLETE TRAVEL GUIDES Alaska Amalfi Coast American Southwest Amsterdam Argentina & Chile Arizona Atlanta Australia Austria Bahamas Barcelona Beijing Belgium, Holland & Luxembourg Belize Bermuda Boston Brazil British Columbia & the Canadian Rockies Brussels & Bruges Budapest & the Best of Hungary Buenos Aires Calgary California Canada Cancún, Cozumel & the Yucatán Cape Cod, Nantucket & Martha’s Vineyard Caribbean Caribbean Ports of Call Carolinas & Georgia Chicago China Colorado Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Denmark Denver, Boulder & Colorado Springs Edinburgh & Glasgow England Europe Europe by Rail Florence, Tuscany & Umbria Florida France Germany Greece Greek Islands Hawaii Hong Kong Honolulu, Waikiki & Oahu India Ireland Italy Jamaica Japan Kauai Las Vegas London Los Angeles Los Cabos & Baja Madrid Maine Coast Maryland & Delaware Maui Mexico Montana & Wyoming Montréal & Québec City Moscow & St. Petersburg Munich & the Bavarian Alps Nashville & Memphis New England Newfoundland & Labrador New Mexico New Orleans New York City New York State New Zealand Northern Italy Norway Nova Scotia, New Brunswick & Prince Edward Island Oregon Paris Peru Philadelphia & the Amish Country Portugal Prague & the Best of the Czech Republic Provence & the Riviera Puerto Rico Rome San Antonio & Austin San Diego San Francisco Santa Fe, Taos & Albuquerque Scandinavia Scotland Seattle Seville, Granada & the Best of Andalusia Shanghai Sicily Singapore & Malaysia South Africa South America South Florida South Pacific Southeast Asia Spain Sweden Switzerland Texas Thailand Tokyo Toronto Turkey USA Utah Vancouver & Victoria Vermont, New Hampshire & Maine Vienna & the Danube Valley Vietnam Virgin Islands Virginia Walt Disney World® & Orlando Washington, D.C.

Free as in Freedom by Sam Williams

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Asperger Syndrome, cognitive dissonance, Debian, East Village, Hacker Ethic, informal economy, Isaac Newton, John Conway, Maui Hawaii, Murray Gell-Mann, profit motive, Richard Feynman, Richard Stallman, Silicon Valley, slashdot, software patent, Steven Levy, Ted Nelson, urban renewal, VA Linux, Y2K

According to Top500.org, a web site that tracks the most powerful supercomputers in the world, the IBM SP Power3 supercomputer housed within the MHPCC clocks in at 837 billion floatingpoint operations per second, making it one of 25 most powerful computers in the world. Co-owned and operated by the University of Hawaii and the U.S. Air Force, the machine divides its computer cycles between the number crunching tasks associated with military logistics and hightemperature physics research. Simply put, the MHPCC is a unique place, a place where the brainy culture of science and engineering and the laid-back culture of the Hawaiian islands coexist in peaceful equilibrium. A slogan on the lab's 2000 web site sums it up: "Computing in paradise." It's not exactly the kind of place you'd expect to find Richard Stallman, a man who, when taking in the beautiful view of the nearby Maui Channel through the picture windows of a staffer's office, mutters a terse critique: "Too much sun." Still, as an emissary from one computing paradise to another, Stallman has a message to deliver, even if it means subjecting his pale hacker skin to the hazards of tropical exposure.

Most come so stealthily-without even the hint of a raised eyebrow or upturned smile-you almost have to wonder if Stallman's laughing at his audience more than the audience is laughing at him. Watching members of the Maui High Performance Computer Center laugh at the St. Ignucius parody, such concerns evaporate. While not exactly a standup act, Stallman certainly possesses the chops to keep a roomful of engineers in stitches. "To be a saint in the Church of Emacs does not require celibacy, but it does require making a commitment to living a life of moral purity," he tells the Maui audience. "You must exorcise the evil proprietary operating system from all your computer and then install a wholly [holy] free operating system. And then you must install only free software on top of that. If you make this commitment and live by it, then you too will be a saint in the Church of Emacs, and you too may have a halo." 102 The St.

"This whole idea of having the freedom to go in and to fix something and modify it, whatever it may be, it really makes a difference. It makes one think happily that after you've lived a few years that what you've done is worthwhile. Because otherwise it just gets taken away and thrown out or abandoned or, at the very least, you no longer have any relation to it. It's like losing a bit of your life." 94 Chapter 8 St. Ignucius The Maui High Performance Computing Center is located in a singlestory building in the dusty red hills just above the town of Kihei. Framed by million-dollar views and the multimillion dollar real estate of the Silversword Golf Course, the center seems like the ultimate scientific boondoggle. Far from the boxy, sterile confines of Tech Square or even the sprawling research metropolises of Argonne, Illinois and Los Alamos, New Mexico, the MHPCC seems like the kind of place where scientists spend more time on their tans than their post-doctoral research projects.


pages: 209 words: 58,466

Breakfast of Champions by Kurt Vonnegut

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Albert Einstein, British Empire, dematerialisation, Maui Hawaii, traveling salesman

And there were actually pictures of storks delivering babies on birth announcements and in cartoons and so on, for children to see. A typical one might look like this: Dwayne Hoover and Harry LeSabre saw pictures like that when they were very little boys. They believed them, too. • • • Grace LeSabre expressed her contempt for the good opinion of Dwayne Hoover, which her husband felt he had lost. “Fuck Dwayne Hoover,” she said. “Fuck Midland City. Let’s sell the God damn Xerox stock and buy a condominium on Maui.” Maui was one of the Hawaiian Islands. It was widely believed to be a paradise. “Listen,” said Grace, “we’re the only white people in Midland City with any kind of sex life, as nearly as I can tell. You’re not a freak. Dwayne Hoover’s the freak! How many orgasms do you think he has a month?” “I don’t know,” said Harry from his humid tent. Dwayne’s monthly orgasm rate on the average over the past ten years, which included the last years of his marriage, was two and one-quarter.

There was talk of giving them very cheap dope, too—to keep them listless and cheerful, and uninterested in reproduction. The Midland City Police Department, and the Midland County Sheriff’s Department, were composed mainly of white men. They had racks and racks of sub-machine guns and twelve-gauge automatic shotguns for an open season on reindeer, which was bound to come. “Listen—I’m serious,” said Grace to Harry. “This is the asshole of the Universe. Let’s split to a condominium on Maui and live for a change.” So they did. • • • Dwayne’s bad chemicals meanwhile changed his manner toward Francine from nastiness to pitiful dependency. He apologized to her for ever thinking that she wanted a Colonel Sanders Kentucky Fried Chicken franchise. He gave her full credit for unflagging unselfishness. He begged her to just hold him for a while, which she did. “I’m so confused,” he said.

The Hawaiian Week Dwayne had mentioned was a sales promotion scheme which involved making the agency look as much like the Hawaiian Islands as possible. People who bought new or used cars, or had repairs done in excess of five hundred dollars during the week would be entered automatically in a lottery. Three lucky people would each win a free, all-expenses-paid trip to Las Vegas and San Francisco and then Hawaii for a party of two. “I don’t mind that you have the name of a Buick, Harry, when you’re supposed to be selling Pontiacs—” Dwayne went on. He was referring to the fact that the Buick division of General Motors put out a model called the Le Sabre. “You can’t help that.” Dwayne now patted the top of his desk softly. This was somehow more menacing than if he had pounded the desk with his fist. “But there are a hell of a lot of things you can change, Harry.


pages: 256 words: 76,433

Overdressed: The Shockingly High Cost of Cheap Fashion by Elizabeth L. Cline

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big-box store, clean water, East Village, feminist movement, income inequality, informal economy, Maui Hawaii, McMansion, megacity, race to the bottom, Skype, special economic zone, trade liberalization, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, upwardly mobile

Vintage-inspired and quirky T-shirts can be bought new these days, even ones that look like they’re from the local auto-body shop. I had a few minutes to down a coffee from the corner deli before Michael “Maui” Noneza, one of the donation center’s assistant supervisors, bounced into the warehouse. “You ready?” the cheery Pacific Islander asked before ushering me over to a massive freight elevator and pressing the button for the third floor. The elevator jolted upward and the doors opened on a scene that looked a bit like a threadbare Santa’s workshop. Dozens of Hispanic women were standing behind a row of wooden slides, pulling clothes out of elephantine gray bins and separating them into broad categories such as jackets, pants, and children’s wear. “We keep only the best,” Maui told me. “Then it’s ticketed and priced.” The pricers, perched on what looked like adult high chairs, quickly and methodically moved through racks of eighty garments each, making snap judgments based on condition and brand.

It’s hard to choose which shocking figure best sums up the environmental toll of today’s monstrous global fashion industry, but here’s a particularly compelling one: UK journalist Lucy Siegle found that the natural resources that go into fiber production every year now demand approximately 145 million tons of coal and somewhere between 1.5 trillion and 2 trillion gallons of water.9 Maui and I took the elevator back downstairs and walked into a dimly lit warehouse hidden away on the far side of the donation drop-off area. This room, Maui informed me, is where the “rag-out” ends up, the donated clothing that languishes on thrift-store racks without getting sold or is too threadbare and stained or out of season to sell in the first place. Garments that make it into the Salvation Army thrift stores have exactly one month to sell. At Goodwill, clothes are given a similar three- to five-week window to prove themselves.

The Quincy Street Salvation Army may be on a quiet street, but it is in fact a major distribution center serving eight Salvation Army locations in Brooklyn and Queens. It processes an average of five tons of outcast clothing every single day of the year and much more during the holiday season when donations spike. From that astonishing mass, the sorters choose exactly 11,200 garments a day to be divided up equally between the eight thrift stores they serve. I asked Maui if they’ve ever hit a dry spell, where the donations dipped too low to fully restock each store with their share of the 11,200 items. He laughed, “We never run out of clothes. There are always enough clothes.” What American doesn’t have something hanging in his or her closet worn only once or twice, a pair of pants waiting for a diet, or even a brand-new dress or jacket with the tags still on? Common sense and everyday experience tell us that we have so much clothing that a majority goes underused and neglected.


pages: 266 words: 78,689

Frommer's Irreverent Guide to Las Vegas by Mary Herczog, Jordan S. Simon

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Berlin Wall, glass ceiling, haute couture, haute cuisine, Maui Hawaii, Murano, Venice glass, Saturday Night Live, young professional

Washington State FROMMER’S® DOLLAR-A-DAY GUIDES Australia from $50 a Day California from $70 a Day England from $75 a Day Europe from $70 a Day Florida from $70 a Day Hawaii from $80 a Day Ireland from $60 a Day Italy from $70 a Day London from $85 a Day New York from $90 a Day Paris from $80 a Day San Francisco from $70 a Day Washington, D.C. from $80 a Day Portable London from $85 a Day Portable New York City from $90 a Day FROMMER’S® PORTABLE GUIDES Acapulco, Ixtapa & Zihuatanejo Amsterdam Aruba Australia’s Great Barrier Reef Bahamas Berlin Big Island of Hawaii Boston California Wine Country Cancún Cayman Islands Charleston Chicago Disneyland® Dublin Florence Frankfurt Hong Kong Houston Las Vegas Las Vegas for Non-Gamblers London Los Angeles Los Cabos & Baja Maine Coast Maui Miami Nantucket & Martha’s Vineyard New Orleans New York City Paris Phoenix & Scottsdale Portland Puerto Rico Puerto Vallarta, Manzanillo & Guadalajara Rio de Janeiro San Diego San Francisco Savannah Seattle Sydney Tampa & St.

Italian Grill, 78, 102 Pullman Grille, 83–84, 103 Raffles Café, 73, 103 Rainforest Café, 78, 84, 103 The Range, 66, 83, 103 Red Square, 76, 83, 84–85, 87, 103 Renoir, 62, 103 Rio, 61 Rosemary’s, 61, 65, 78, 87, 103 Rosewood Grille, 69, 103 Royal Star, 68, 80, 103 Samba Brazilian Steakhouse, 76, 86, 103 Sam Woo BBQ, 72, 80, 104 San Remo’s Ristorante di Fiori, 60 Second Street Grill, 66, 79, 104 Sir Galahad, 78, 104 Smith & Wollensky, 83, 104 Spago, 63, 64, 68, 104 Spice Market Buffet, 70 Spiedini, 75, 104 Stage Deli, 74, 104 The Tillerman, 68, 81, 104 Trattoria del Lupo, 63, 68, 75, 104 Tsunami, 65, 79, 85, 104 Valentino, 67, 75, 105 Venetian, 61, 73, 76, 105 Viva Mercado, 86, 105 Wild Sage, 71–72, 87, 105 Wine Cellar and Tasting Room, 77 Wolfgang Puck Café, 63 FROMMER’S® COMPLETE TRAVEL GUIDES Alaska Alaska Cruises & Ports of Call Amsterdam Argentina & Chile Arizona Atlanta Australia Austria Bahamas Barcelona, Madrid & Seville Beijing Belgium, Holland & Luxembourg Bermuda Boston Brazil British Columbia & the Canadian Rockies Brussels & Bruges Budapest & the Best of Hungary California Canada Cancún, Cozumel & the Yucatán Cape Cod, Nantucket & Martha’s Vineyard Caribbean Caribbean Cruises & Ports of Call Caribbean Ports of Call Carolinas & Georgia Chicago China Colorado Costa Rica Cuba Denmark Denver, Boulder & Colorado Springs England Europe European Cruises & Ports of Call Florida France Germany Great Britain Greece Greek Islands Hawaii Hong Kong Honolulu, Waikiki & Oahu Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Las Vegas London Los Angeles Maryland & Delaware Maui Mexico Montana & Wyoming Montréal & Québec City Munich & the Bavarian Alps Nashville & Memphis New England New Mexico New Orleans New York City New Zealand Northern Italy Norway Nova Scotia, New Brunswick & Prince Edward Island Oregon Paris Peru Philadelphia & the Amish Country Portugal Prague & the Best of the Czech Republic Provence & the Riviera Puerto Rico Rome San Antonio & Austin San Diego San Francisco Santa Fe, Taos & Albuquerque Scandinavia Scotland Seattle & Portland Shanghai Sicily Singapore & Malaysia South Africa South America South Florida South Pacific Southeast Asia Spain Sweden Switzerland Texas Thailand Tokyo Toronto Tuscany & Umbria USA Utah Vancouver & Victoria Vermont, New Hampshire & Maine Vienna & the Danube Valley Virgin Islands Virginia Walt Disney World® & Orlando Washington, D.C.

FROMMER’S® BEST-LOVED DRIVING TOURS Britain California Florida France Germany Ireland Italy New England Northern Italy Scotland Spain Tuscany & Umbria Hanging Out in France Hanging Out in Ireland Hanging Out in Italy Hanging Out in Spain Southwest & South Central Plains U.S.A. Beyond Disney Branson, Missouri California with Kids Central Italy Chicago Cruises Disneyland® Florida with Kids Golf Vacations in the Eastern U.S. Great Smoky & Blue Ridge Region Inside Disney Hawaii Las Vegas London Maui Mexio’s Best Beach Resorts Mid-Atlantic with Kids Mini Las Vegas Mini-Mickey New England & New York with Kids New Orleans New York City Paris San Francisco Skiing & Snowboarding in the West Southeast with Kids Walt Disney World® Walt Disney World® for Grown-ups Walt Disney World® with Kids Washington, D.C. World’s Best Diving Vacations HANGING OUT™ GUIDES Hanging Out in England Hanging Out in Europe THE UNOFFICIAL GUIDES® Bed & Breakfasts and Country Inns in: California Great Lakes States Mid-Atlantic New England Northwest Rockies Southeast Southwest Best RV & Tent Campgrounds in: California & the West Florida & the Southeast Great Lakes States Mid-Atlantic Northeast Northwest & Central Plains SPECIAL-INTEREST TITLES Frommer’s Adventure Guide to Australia & New Zealand Frommer’s Adventure Guide to Central America Frommer’s Adventure Guide to India & Pakistan Frommer’s Adventure Guide to South America Frommer’s Adventure Guide to Southeast Asia Frommer’s Adventure Guide to Southern Africa Frommer’s Britain’s Best Bed & Breakfasts and Country Inns Frommer’s Caribbean Hideaways Frommer’s Exploring America by RV Frommer’s Fly Safe, Fly Smart Frommer’s France’s Best Bed & Breakfasts and Country Inns Frommer’s Gay & Lesbian Europe Frommer’s Italy’s Best Bed & Breakfasts and Country Inns Frommer’s Road Atlas Britain Frommer’s Road Atlas Europe Frommer’s Road Atlas France The New York Times’ Guide to Unforgettable Weekends Places Rated Almanac Retirement Places Rated Rome Past & Present


pages: 218 words: 83,794

Frommer's Portable California Wine Country by Erika Lenkert

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Louis Pasteur, Maui Hawaii, place-making, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley

Washington State FROMMER’S® DOLLAR-A-DAY GUIDES Australia from $60 a Day California from $70 a Day England from $75 a Day Europe from $85 a Day Florida from $70 a Day Hawaii from $80 a Day Ireland from $90 a Day Italy from $90 a Day London from $95 a Day New York City from $90 a Day Paris from $95 a Day San Francisco from $70 a Day Washington, D.C. from $80 a Day FROMMER’S® PORTABLE GUIDES Acapulco, Ixtapa & Zihuatanejo Amsterdam Aruba Australia’s Great Barrier Reef Bahamas Berlin Big Island of Hawaii Boston California Wine Country Cancún Cayman Islands Charleston Chicago Disneyland® Dominican Republic Dublin Florence Las Vegas Las Vegas for Non-Gamblers London Los Angeles Maui Nantucket & Martha’s Vineyard New Orleans New York City Paris Portland Puerto Rico Puerto Vallarta, Manzanillo & Guadalajara Rio de Janeiro San Diego San Francisco Savannah Vancouver Venice Virgin Islands Washington, D.C.

Whistler FROMMER’S® CRUISE GUIDES Alaska Cruises & Ports of Call Cruises & Ports of Call European Cruises & Ports of Call FROMMER’S® DAY BY DAY GUIDES Amsterdam Chicago Florence & Tuscany Rome San Francisco Venice London New York City Paris FROMMER’S® NATIONAL PARK GUIDES Algonquin Provincial Park Banff & Jasper Grand Canyon National Parks of the American West Rocky Mountain Yellowstone & Grand Teton Yosemite and Sequoia & Kings Canyon Zion & Bryce Canyon FROMMER’S® MEMORABLE WALKS Chicago London New York Paris Rome San Francisco FROMMER’S® WITH KIDS GUIDES Chicago Hawaii Las Vegas London Toronto Walt Disney World® & Orlando Washington, D.C. National Parks New York City San Francisco SUZY GERSHMAN’S BORN TO SHOP GUIDES Born to Shop: France Born to Shop: Hong Kong, Shanghai & Beijing Born to Shop: Italy Born to Shop: London Born to Shop: New York Born to Shop: Paris FROMMER’S® IRREVERENT GUIDES Amsterdam Boston Chicago Las Vegas London Rome San Francisco Walt Disney World® Washington, D.C. Los Angeles Manhattan New Orleans Paris FROMMER’S® BEST-LOVED DRIVING TOURS Austria Britain California France Germany Ireland Italy New England Northern Italy Scotland Spain Tuscany & Umbria Hawaii Ireland Las Vegas London Maui Mexico’s Best Beach Resorts Mini Las Vegas Mini Mickey New Orleans New York City Paris San Francisco South Florida including Miami & the Keys Walt Disney World® Walt Disney World® for Grown-ups Walt Disney World® with Kids Washington, D.C.

Helena), 113 Wolf House (Glen Ellen), 160 Zazu (Santa Rosa), 186 Zin Restaurant & Wine Bar (Healdsburg), 189–190 ZuZu (Napa), 10, 108 FROMMER’S® COMPLETE TRAVEL GUIDES Alaska Amalfi Coast American Southwest Amsterdam Argentina & Chile Arizona Atlanta Australia Austria Bahamas Barcelona Beijing Belgium, Holland & Luxembourg Belize Bermuda Boston Brazil British Columbia & the Canadian Rockies Brussels & Bruges Budapest & the Best of Hungary Buenos Aires Calgary California Canada Cancún, Cozumel & the Yucatán Cape Cod, Nantucket & Martha’s Vineyard Caribbean Caribbean Ports of Call Carolinas & Georgia Chicago China Colorado Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Denmark Denver, Boulder & Colorado Springs Edinburgh & Glasgow England Europe Europe by Rail Florence, Tuscany & Umbria Florida France Germany Greece Greek Islands Hawaii Hong Kong Honolulu, Waikiki & Oahu India Ireland Italy Jamaica Japan Kauai Las Vegas London Los Angeles Los Cabos & Baja Madrid Maine Coast Maryland & Delaware Maui Mexico Montana & Wyoming Montréal & Québec City Moscow & St. Petersburg Munich & the Bavarian Alps Nashville & Memphis New England Newfoundland & Labrador New Mexico New Orleans New York City New York State New Zealand Northern Italy Norway Nova Scotia, New Brunswick & Prince Edward Island Oregon Paris Peru Philadelphia & the Amish Country Portugal Prague & the Best of the Czech Republic Provence & the Riviera Puerto Rico Rome San Antonio & Austin San Diego San Francisco Santa Fe, Taos & Albuquerque Scandinavia Scotland Seattle Seville, Granada & the Best of Andalusia Shanghai Sicily Singapore & Malaysia South Africa South America South Florida South Pacific Southeast Asia Spain Sweden Switzerland Texas Thailand Tokyo Toronto Turkey USA Utah Vancouver & Victoria Vermont, New Hampshire & Maine Vienna & the Danube Valley Vietnam Virgin Islands Virginia Walt Disney World® & Orlando Washington, D.C.

Cold Hands by John J. Niven

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centre right, Firefox, hiring and firing, Mason jar, Maui Hawaii

For many years after I moved out here I thought club soda was a special non-alcoholic cocktail unique to the bar or ‘club’ you were in. Like the ‘house’ soda.) This was very much Sammy’s environment. In the last few years, ostensibly to help with her mother’s arthritis but, I thought, really, simply to enjoy their wealth, Sammy’s parents had begun decamping to Hawaii around the middle of every December, to a suite in the Ritz-Carlton on Maui, overlooking pineapple fields and the sea. They stayed there until the beginning of March, missing the absolute worst of the Canadian winter. We usually flew out a few days before Christmas and spent a fortnight with them, coming home right after New Year’s. Old Sam had taken to throwing a big Christmas party at the house before they went and now the occasion was set in stone.

I tried to move and felt stunning, dizzying pain shooting through my left leg, felt fresh, warm blood seeping from the wound in my thigh, soaking my trousers. I heard a metallic sound. The doorknob was turning. I looked up, breathing hard, my eyes bulging, and saw Old Sam in the doorway, a pistol in one hand. His jaw dropping as he saw us. ‘Jesus Christ,’ he whispered. (Later, much later, I would find out about the private Gulfstream G650 he’d managed to charter from a film producer on Maui. The new Gulfstream, the only one on the island, with an operating range of 7,000 nautical miles, capable of getting all the way from the middle of the Pacific to Canada without refuelling in just over eight hours. The helicopter pilot who was paid a staggering sum to bring them out here through the storm. The incredible mountains that can be levelled when money is irrelevant.) ‘Sam,’ I said as he ran to the pool table, picking up the knife that lay on the edge and starting to cut Walt’s bonds.

A credit card belonging to your wife was found with the victim but there’s, and this won’t be easy for you to hear, sir, there’s considerable, ah, damage to . . .’ All these words, ripping me to pieces. ‘Victim?’ I manage to whisper. ‘I’m afraid so, yes. It appears your wife was murdered.’ Now I felt tears and racking sobs trying to fight their way up, hearing myself saying ‘Oh Sammy, oh no’, as my eyes landed on a Lucite-framed photograph on the coffee table; the three of us in Hawaii a couple of Christmases ago, on the beach, Sammy drying Walt with a big beige towel. Uselessly I remembered that afternoon; a long wait for appetisers in a restaurant. An argument about parking. Walt’s life as he knew it – over. ‘Mr Miller, I’m afraid we . . .’ Danko was saying. I knew what he was going to ask me next. ‘We need . . .’ ‘You need me to identify the body,’ I said, through clenched teeth, through my fingers.

Devil's Teeth: A True Story of Obsession and Survival Among America's Great White Sharks by Susan Casey

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Maui Hawaii, upwardly mobile, young professional

That, too, was unheard-of behavior from an animal that hunted its prey on the surface. And the sharks were booking, logging as many as sixty miles per day with purposeful efficiency. It was as though they were late for an appointment somewhere and hustling to keep it. A Rat Packer named Tipfin, tagged by Peter in October 2000 (and again in October 2001), was discovered to have cruised 2,300 miles to Hawaii in thirty-seven days. He remained near Maui for at least four months, and then turned around and returned to the Farallones in October. No one had any inkling that great white sharks were such globe-trotters. “It was like seeing owls leave the forests and head out over the open plains,” Scot said. Tipfin was the only tagged shark, however, who went that far west. When the other satellite-tagged sharks left the Farallones, they all swam southwest, to a patch of ocean located approximately 1,500 miles off the coast of Ensenada, Mexico.

After watching Ron dive today on what would be the ideal tow-in spot to surf the perfect wave, Peter resumed his talk about getting out there sooner rather than later. This afternoon he’d mentioned it to Ron, who had nodded his approval and said, “I’ve thought about that.” Until that point I hadn’t realized that Ron surfed too, but of course it made perfect sense. Kevin didn’t say much, but he looked intrigued. He was also a surfer, and he knew exactly which wave Peter was talking about. They were both wearing Maui’s fishhooks around their necks, a Hawaiian symbol that signifies taking the shark as one’s amakua, or spirit animal. Peter leaned back in the banquette with his glass of wine. “I’ve been thinking about it for so long,” he said. “I don’t want someone else to come out here and do it. But I don’t want to rush it, either. If you put out the wrong vibe, then something bad could happen. I want to be in the right space.

“THE TRUE BIOLOGIST DEALS WITH LIFE, WITH TEEMING BOISTEROUS life, and learns something from it, learns that the first rule of life is living,” John Steinbeck wrote in The Log from the Sea of Cortez. Upon his graduation from college in 1979, Peter Pyle set out to prove him right. A twenty-year-old bird savant with big hair, a seventies-issue mustache, and a fresh zoology degree from Swarthmore, he hit the road with the express purpose of seeing as many birds as he could, from the jungly forests of Hawaii (where there were few birds, it turned out, but plenty of opportunities to make some cash tending marijuana plants), to Europe, and on to Asia. Along the way, Peter met another ornithologist who mentioned that the real bird action was taking place in Bolinas, California, under the auspices of a group called PRBO, the Point Reyes Bird Observatory. It was an organization of genius and irreverence, dedicated to conserving ecosystems, wetlands, marine environments—anyplace, basically, where birds lived.


pages: 307 words: 17,123

Behind the cloud: the untold story of how Salesforce.com went from idea to billion-dollar company--and revolutionized an industry by Marc Benioff, Carlye Adler

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Albert Einstein, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, barriers to entry, Bay Area Rapid Transit, business continuity plan, call centre, carbon footprint, Clayton Christensen, cloud computing, corporate social responsibility, crowdsourcing, iterative process, Maui Hawaii, Nicholas Carr, platform as a service, Silicon Valley, software as a service, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs

It’s important to take the high road in the situations you couldn’t have predicted—the situations that haven’t been mapped out by the HR handbook. Take, for example, what happened when one of our sales account executives, Scott Ebersole, was invited on the Hawaii trip awarded to the top salespeople. Scott and his wife, Wendi, left for the trip a few days early, and shortly after they arrived in Maui, Wendi, who was pregnant with twins, was rushed to the hospital, where she underwent surgery. She spent the next two weeks in critical condition, and a week later gave birth to Bryce and Kendall, each baby weighing only two pounds. Scott needed a way to be with his family for the many weeks they’d be in Hawaii, but he also wanted to be able to work. We set him up to work remotely, but there were additional expenses—a rental apartment, a car, and food—so we also covered them. After several months, the Ebersoles went back to Atlanta.

That’s why we reward any salesperson who makes 100 percent of his or her quota (and a partner or friend) with a fantastic experience—a three-day trip to Maui. Typically, 60 to 65 percent of our account executives qualify for this trip. Most companies reward only the top 10 to 20 percent of their sales reps, but that strategy doesn’t yield a very high return. Morale for the top people is sky high, but it is brutally low for the 80 to 90 percent of people who are not recognized. By setting the bar within reach, we’ve found that morale soars all year—and people still strive to exceed expectations. To distinguish ourselves from other employers and to further encourage people to perform, we strive to offer experiences that are memorable. That’s why we came up with Breakfast 245 BEHIND THE CLOUD at Tiffany’s. Every year in Hawaii, we take the very top sales producers and their guests by limo to the Four Seasons Resort Lana’i, where each gets a personal shopper and a sponsored shopping trip to Tiffany & Co., held before the store is open to the public.

I had been there for ten years and was becoming something I had never anticipated: a corporate lifer. I knew that I needed a change, but I wasn’t sure what I wanted to do. Quit? Start a company? Take Oracle in a different direction? I was searching for balance in my life as well as an opportunity to pursue something meaningful. I took a badly needed sabbatical from work and rented a hut on the Big Island 1 BEHIND THE CLOUD of Hawaii, where I enjoyed swimming with dolphins in the ocean and having enough time by myself to really think about the future. My friends, including Oracle colleagues, came to visit. We had long talks about what the future would look like and what we wanted to do. Katrina and Terry Garnett were among those who spent time with me. Terry and I became friends when he ran marketing and business development for Oracle.


pages: 468 words: 233,091

Founders at Work: Stories of Startups' Early Days by Jessica Livingston

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8-hour work day, affirmative action, AltaVista, Apple II, Brewster Kahle, business process, Byte Shop, Danny Hillis, don't be evil, fear of failure, financial independence, Firefox, full text search, game design, Googley, HyperCard, illegal immigration, Internet Archive, Jeff Bezos, Maui Hawaii, Menlo Park, nuclear winter, Paul Buchheit, Paul Graham, Peter Thiel, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, Sand Hill Road, side project, Silicon Valley, slashdot, social software, software patent, South of Market, San Francisco, Startup school, stealth mode startup, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, web application, Y Combinator

We take half an hour to read an article, on average, and we’ll tag that article as being relevant to everything the article talks about. If the article is about Maui and things to do in Hawaii and these two resorts, whenever you’re searching for Maui or things to do in Hawaii or those two resorts, that article will come up. If that article happened to mention, “The beaches in Maui are much better than the beaches in Fort Lauderdale,” and you were to search on the beaches in Fort Lauderdale, that article is not going to come up, because our search isn’t keyword-based. It doesn’t matter if the article happens to mention something; you only want to read the article if it’s actually giving you an opinion on the topic you’re researching. What we ended up with was a much smaller database as measured by the number of documents that we’d indexed, but extremely, extremely relevant. You go to a page about Maui, and every article on that page really is about Maui, sorted to a pretty good degree based upon which article most people would rather read first.

You go to a page about Maui, and every article on that page really is about Maui, sorted to a pretty good degree based upon which article most people would rather read first. Would you rather read an article that has a paragraph about Maui in talking about fun beaches around the world, or an article all about beaches in Maui? Probably the latter, so that’s why the article is sorted first. Your experience on TripAdvisor—again, this was initially, when we launched the site—was very fulfilling, because the information we found was always spot-on. We didn’t always have something, but what we had was always a match. Jumping forward in time as the site grew, all of a sudden now those hundreds of thousands of articles are dwarfed by the user reviews that our visitors have generated. It’s fresher information and tends to be more detailed. To many people, it’s more reliable.

Nobody stopped me, so I did it. Livingston: But you still kept enough stock for yourself to buy a house, right? Wozniak: The money I got from Apple employees, I used to buy a house. It was kind of an early state to be selling out 15 percent of your stock, but hey, that was a great opportunity for me. When I designed the Apple stuff, I never thought in my life I would have enough money to fly to Hawaii or make a down payment on a house. So it was huge deal for me. Steve Wozniak 59 Steve Jobs (left) and Steve Wozniak (right) in 1975 with a blue box Photo by Margret Wozniak C H A P T 4 E R Joe Kraus Cofounder, Excite Joe Kraus started Excite (originally called Architext) in 1993 with five Stanford classmates. Though they began by developing technology for information search and retrieval, their decision to go into web search ultimately made their site the fourth most popular site on the Web in the late 1990s.


pages: 330 words: 88,445

The Rise of Superman: Decoding the Science of Ultimate Human Performance by Steven Kotler

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Albert Einstein, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, Clayton Christensen, data acquisition, delayed gratification, deliberate practice, fear of failure, Google Earth, haute couture, impulse control, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, Kevin Kelly, Lao Tzu, life extension, Maui Hawaii, pattern recognition, Ray Kurzweil, risk tolerance, rolodex, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, Walter Mischel, X Prize

In fact, in most of our lives, the reward for having a high-flow experience and pulling off something challenging at work is usually more work, more responsibilities, and less time to meet them all. Yet if we want to flow from cycle to cycle, we need to take full advantage of recovery to regroup and recharge. In short, on this path, you have to go slow to go fast. Equally important, as we’ll see in the next section, sometimes you don’t just have to go slow to go fast—sometimes you have to go sideways. LATERALIZATION Ian Walsh was born May 10, 1983, on Maui, Hawaii, and started surfing not long after he could walk. Blessed by geography and timing, Walsh grew up down the block from Jaws, the big-wave mecca of the tow-surf movement. As he was hitting puberty, the movement was hitting its stride. Forty-foot waves, fifty-foot waves, sixty-foot waves—Walsh had a front-row seat. “I grew up watching the greatest show on earth,” he says. Then he joined the show.

So while the implicit system is capable of high-speed pattern recognition—which helped him realize what was happening a little sooner—it took more than just that to survive. He still had to have a creative insight no one had ever had before and pull off a difficult move that no one had ever attempted before—which, as it turns out, is par for the course for Laird Hamilton. SUDDEN DEATH OR SUDDEN INSIGHT Off the shores of northern Maui, beyond the sugarcane fields and the muddy roads and the tall cliffs, lies a reef break known as Jaws. It too is a terrifying colossus, long considered an impossible. For more than fifty years, surfers have been staring at this spot—it’s hard not to. When powerful northern Pacific storms blast down from the Aleutian Islands, the results travel thousands of miles unhindered, only to run smack into a fan-shaped reef.

Also, for a great overview, see Beeman’s Northwestern website: http://groups.psych.northwestern.edu/mbeeman/research.htm. Harvard Business School professor Teresa Amabile: Teresa Amabile, Sigal Barsade, Jennifer Mueller, Barry Straw, “Affect and Creativity at Work,” Administrative Science Quarterly, 2005. Vol. 50, pp. 367–403. 41 “Everybody who has ever spent any time in flow”: Chris Miller, AI, June 2012. an interview with Bon Hawaii: “An Interview with Laird Hamilton, Dave Kalama, and Don King,” Bon Hawaii, April 27, 2008. Check it out: http://www.bonhawaii.com/interview-laird-hamilton-dave-kalama-don-king. 3. THE WHERE OF FLOW 42 On the list of the world’s most dangerous climbs: See: http://matadornetwork.com/trips/11-most-dangerous-mountains-in-the-world-for-climbers, or http://opishposh.com/10-hardest-mountains-to-climb, or http://smashinghub.com/20-most-dangerous-mountains-peaks-in-the-world.htm.


pages: 514 words: 152,903

The Best Business Writing 2013 by Dean Starkman

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Asperger Syndrome, bank run, Basel III, call centre, clean water, cloud computing, collateralized debt obligation, Columbine, computer vision, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, crowdsourcing, Erik Brynjolfsson, eurozone crisis, Exxon Valdez, factory automation, full employment, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, hiring and firing, hydraulic fracturing, income inequality, jimmy wales, job automation, late fees, London Whale, low skilled workers, Mahatma Gandhi, market clearing, Maui Hawaii, Menlo Park, Occupy movement, oil shale / tar sands, price stability, Ray Kurzweil, Silicon Valley, Skype, sovereign wealth fund, stakhanovite, Steve Jobs, Stuxnet, the payments system, too big to fail, Vanguard fund, wage slave, Y2K

Only recently, after the banks admitted to widespread law breaking, did the government launch a response that might prove commensurate with the calamity. This grandmother’s story—outrageous and complex—is our story, the American foreclosure story. Living the American Dream Born Sheila Ferguson, Ramos was one of seven children. The family lived in the small town of Haiku on the island of Maui, where her father did maintenance work at state parks. At seventeen, she married a man she’d met in high school, dropped out of school, and had two sons but divorced when she was just nineteen. She kept his surname, Ramos, but wanted a new life. Maui suddenly seemed small and confining, and she wanted “to get off the rock,” as she puts it. So she took her two sons, aged two and three, and left for Alaska. She lived in Anchorage for three decades, building a life with her current partner, David Backus. After getting her GED and an associate’s degree in cosmetology, she worked in various salons for several years, doing women’s hair and giving facials.

Satyan Gajwani, Samir’s son-in-law, entered the room, and Vineet invited him to join us at the dining-room table for a vegetarian lunch. Gajwani, twenty-seven and outgoing, had recently been promoted to supervisor of the company’s digital businesses. He had met Trishla at Stanford, where he studied mathematical and computational sciences; his parents are from India, but he was born and raised in Miami. In 2007, as graduation neared, the couple planned to move to New York. After graduation, Samir took them to Maui for a week’s vacation and talked to Gajwani about the family business. The couple moved into an apartment in the West Village. Trishla got a master’s degree at Teachers College, and Gajwani went to work as an equity trader at Lehman Brothers. “He kept pitching me to move to India,” Gajwani said. In December 2008, the couple moved into the Jain house in New Delhi. “I didn’t know if I could live in India,” Gajwani said, and he could not get engaged before he knew the answer.

Sheila Ramos’ grandsons, ten and thirteen, started crying. They wanted to know where the house was. There wasn’t one. There was only a tent. They had flown from Florida, after Ramos had fallen hopelessly behind on the mortgage for her three-bedroom home, to this family-owned patch of rural land on Hawaii’s Big Island. There, on a July night in 2009, they pitched a tent and, with no electricity, started a new life. If Ramos were in her twenties, living off the land might be a marvelous adventure. Hawaii is beautiful, and the weather is mild. In the nearly three years since she moved here, her family has built a semipermanent tent encampment, and they now have electricity. But it’s not how this fifty-eight-year-old grandmother, who has custody of her three grandchildren, imagined spending her retirement after working for more than thirty years—nine running her own businesses.


pages: 366 words: 100,602

Sextant: A Young Man's Daring Sea Voyage and the Men Who ... by David Barrie

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centre right, colonial exploitation, Edmond Halley, Eratosthenes, Fellow of the Royal Society, Isaac Newton, John Harrison: Longitude, lone genius, Maui Hawaii, Nicholas Carr, polynesian navigation, South China Sea, trade route

As Bougainville noted with amazement, Polynesian seafarers were able to make successful landfalls without instruments or charts—even on low-lying atolls—after crossing hundreds or thousands of miles of ocean. Modern research22 has shed a good deal of light on their methods and some of their long ocean passages have been replicated. In 1976, for example, a 65-foot double canoe named Hōkūle’a—the Star of Gladness in Hawaiian, or Arcturus—whose design was partly based on drawings of the old voyaging canoes left by Captain Cook, sailed safely from Maui to Tahiti in thirty-one days. She made the journey of 2,500 nautical miles, piloted by a Micronesian navigator named Piailug, who used no instruments of any kind.23 From a Western perspective, the most puzzling aspect of the Pacific islanders’ navigational methodology is their working assumption that the vessel in which they are sailing is at rest, while the sea and islands “flow” past them. Thomas Gladwin, an expert on the navigators of the Caroline Islands, describes this system as being rather like riding in a train watching the world pass by, only in this case the passing scenery consists of islands: You may travel for days on the canoe but the stars will not go away or change their positions aside from their nightly trajectories from horizon to horizon. . . .

Hilaire, Adolphe, 221–22, 224 Mariana Islands, 128, 129 marine chronometers, 68, 125, 226 mariner’s astrolabe, 28, 266 Marquesas Islands, 232 Martha’s Vineyard, 238 Martinique, 65 Maskelyne, Nevil and Green, 102 and location of Lizard Point, 268–69 and location of St. Helena, 82, 106 and the longitude problem, 75–80, 76n and lunar-distance method, 80–82, 81, 104, 126 Mason, Charles, 106 Maui, 263 Mauritius, 117, 121, 182–83, 211, 238 Mayer, Tobias, 73–74, 76–77, 79, 126 McMullen, Colin and arrival in England, 269 on the Azores, 271 background of, 5–7 on Battle of Jutland, 302n2 on Bligh, 36–37 and departure from Halifax, 12–13 and food on board Saecwen, 13, 17, 122 and message bottle, 218 military experience, 227, 301n1 and music on board Saecwen, 193 navigational skills, 15–16, 19–21, 70, 72, 137, 177, 219, 221–22, 225, 268 and North Atlantic weather, 57, 110–12, 122–23 and operation of sextant, 18–21 and preparations for Atlantic crossing, 8–9, 10, 11 and radio communication, 219n and routine at sea, 48–49, 239 and Saecwen’s chronometer, 68 and sailor’s songs, 33n and satellite navigation, 279 and watch schedule, 48, 85, 157 World War II experience, 45, 301n1 Mediterranean Sea, 86 Melville, Herman, 34–35 Mendaña, Álvaro de and Bougainville’s explorations, 121 and dangers at sea, xiii–xvi and dead reckoning, 34 errors in longitude estimates, 299n4 and mariner’s astrolabe, 266 and Port Famine, 196–97n and the Santa Cruz group, 134 meridian altitude (“mer alt”) and Alcyone’s crossing to Azores, 272, 274 and Bligh’s explorations, 41 diagram of, 19 and latitude sailing, 32 and line of equal altitude, 220 in Moby-Dick, 34–35 principle of, 19–21 and Saecwen’s Atlantic crossing, 137, 177 and the Shackleton expedition, 248 and Slocum’s circumnavigation, 221 Meteorological Office, 215–16 meteorology, 215–17 micrometers, 19–21, 30 Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 193 migrations, 23, 285 Milet-Mureau, Baron, 136 Milky Way (celestial), 16, 284 “Milky Way” (in Straits of Magellan), 207, 231 Miquelon, 11 Mirfak, 16, 137 missionaries, 95 Mitchell Library, 189n mobile phone technology, 224n Moby-Dick (Melville), 34–35 modern modes of travel, 270 monarch butterflies, 22–23 Mont St.

The Discovery was Vancouver’s first command: it soon became clear that, though new, she had not been well built. Having called at the Cape of Good Hope to refresh their supplies, rate the chronometers, and undertake essential repairs, the two small ships crossed the Indian and Pacific oceans. After making stops in Australia, New Zealand, Tahiti, and Hawaii, they finally made their landfall on the coast of North America on April 17, 1792. Vancouver’s account illustrates the challenges then facing a navigator approaching a poorly charted coast after a long ocean passage. A month out from Hawaii, a single set of lunars taken on April 15 suggested that the Discovery was 232°56½' East of Greenwich; the chronometer, however, indicated a figure of 232°7¾', while DR gave 229°39': a maximum difference of almost 160 nautical miles. The latitude was 37°55'—not far north of San Francisco.


pages: 371 words: 101,792

Skygods: The Fall of Pan Am by Robert Gandt

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airline deregulation, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, collective bargaining, hiring and firing, invisible hand, Maui Hawaii, RAND corporation, Tenerife airport disaster, yield management, Yogi Berra, Yom Kippur War

It became a joke in the cockpits: by the end of the century, after all the weaklings in the business had succumbed to bankruptcy or hostile takeover, there would be only three airlines left in the United States: American, United, and the Financially Troubled Pan American. In the spring of 1974, an item appeared on the pilots’ bulletin board. Pan American director General Charles A. Lindbergh, 72, passed away at his home on Maui yesterday after a brief illness. General Lindbergh’s association with Pan American dated back to 1929, when he and Juan Trippe . . . Lindbergh. The Icon. He had seemed indestructible, exempted somehow from the calamities that visited everyday mortals. Now the world really was different. For the legion of Pan Am airmen, it was like losing their patron saint. In his later years as a director, Lindbergh had been a roving troubleshooter for Pan Am and spent hundreds of hours in the cabins of Pan Am clippers.

The ice-blue eyes gazed at his fellow directors wearily, as though he were anxious to get the business over with so he could go home. In the spring of 1974, at the mandatory retirement age of seventy-two, Lindbergh did go home. For most of the board members, it was the last time they would see him. His malaise was diagnosed as cancer of the lymphatic system. It was terminal, he was told. He said he wanted to die in the house he and his wife, Anne Morrow Lindbergh, had built on Maui, overlooking the sea. In a United Airlines 747, on a specially rigged stretcher in the closed-off first-class compartment, Lindbergh made his last flight. He died on August 26, 1974. He was buried in a plain wood coffin. The death of Lindbergh seemed to match the rest of the news that year about Pan Am. To the Pan Am pilots it was a portent of doom. Pan Am was losing everything from the old glory days.

Unlike Sullivan, he was scared to death of flying. His anxiety caused him to shout at copilots, issue orders and immediately countermand them. He infected his crews with his own anxiety. A number of copilots refused to fly with him. One day in 1938 Terletsky was flying the Martin M-130 Hawaii Clipper from Guam to Manila. Somewhere in mid-Pacific, in an area of towering cumulus buildups and torrential squalls, the flying boat vanished from the sky. No trace was ever found of the Hawaii Clipper. The press speculated about Japanese sabotage. The disappearance of Terletsky and the Hawaii Clipper came only a year after Amelia Earhart vanished in the same part of the world. It made for an appealing mystery. To the Pan American pilots, though, the real villain wasn’t the Japanese. It was the Pacific and its vast, brooding, hidden storms.


pages: 273 words: 83,186

The botany of desire: a plant's-eye view of the world by Michael Pollan

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back-to-the-land, clean water, David Attenborough, double entry bookkeeping, double helix, Francisco Pizarro, invention of agriculture, Joseph Schumpeter, Maui Hawaii, means of production, paper trading, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Steven Pinker

Also, one of the attractions of gardening is the independence it can confer—from the greengrocer, the florist, the pharmacist, and, for some, the drug dealer. One does not have to go all the way “back to the land” to experience the satisfaction of providing for yourself off the grid of the national economy. So, yes, I was curious to see if I could grow some “really amazing Maui” in my Connecticut garden. It seemed to me this would indeed represent a particularly impressive sort of alchemy. But as things turned out, my experiment in growing marijuana was of a piece with my experience smoking it, paranoid and stupid being the operative terms. • • • It was in the spring of 1982, I believe, that I sprouted a handful of the Maui seeds on a moistened paper towel; within days two of them had germinated. As soon as the weather warmed, I planted the seedlings outdoors, not in the garden proper but behind the falling-down barn back behind the house, in a mound of ancient cow manure I had inherited from the dairy farmer whose place this used to be.

In fact, by the time I planted a few cannabis seeds, in the early 1980s, I no longer smoked at all—pot, fairly reliably, rendered me paranoid and stupid. But I had just taken up gardening and was avid to try anything—the magic of a Bourbon rose or a beefsteak tomato seemed very much of a piece with the magic of a psychoactive plant. (I still feel this way.) So when my sister’s boyfriend asked if I might want to plant a few seeds he’d picked out of “some really amazing Maui,” I decided to give it a try—as much as anything, just to see if I could grow it. To another gardener, this will not seem odd, for we gardeners are like that: eager to try the improbable (if only to harvest a good story), to see if we can’t grow an artichoke in zone five or brew homemade echinacea tea from the roots of our purple coneflowers. Deep down I suspect that many gardeners regard themselves as small-time alchemists, transforming the dross of compost (and water and sunlight) into substances of rare value and beauty and power.

Part of the problem was that most early growers did what I did: plant seeds picked out of pot that had been grown in tropical places. Invariably these were the seeds of Cannabis sativa, an equatorial species poorly adapted to life in the northern latitudes. Sativa can’t withstand frost and, as I discovered, usually won’t set flowers north of the thirtieth parallel. Working with such seeds, growers found it difficult to produce a high-quality domestic crop (and especially sinsemilla) outside places such as California and Hawaii. The search was on for a type of marijuana that would flourish, and flower, farther north, and by the end of the decade, it had been found. American hippies traveling “the hashish trail” through Afghanistan returned with seeds of Cannabis indica, a stout, frost-tolerant species that had been grown for centuries by hashish producers in the mountains of central Asia. The species looks quite unlike the familiar marijuana plant (a distinct advantage to its early growers): it rarely grows taller than four or five feet (as compared to fifteen for the stateliest sativas), and its purplish green leaves are shorter and rounder than the long, slender fingers of sativa.


pages: 537 words: 149,628

Ghost Fleet: A Novel of the Next World War by P. W. Singer, August Cole

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3D printing, Admiral Zheng, augmented reality, British Empire, energy security, Firefox, glass ceiling, global reserve currency, Google Earth, Google Glasses, IFF: identification friend or foe, Just-in-time delivery, Maui Hawaii, new economy, RAND corporation, reserve currency, RFID, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, South China Sea, sovereign wealth fund, stealth mode startup, trade route, Wall-E, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, zero day

Chinese drones darted in and out of the smoke at low levels, and on the deck, along with fragments of Marine Corps helicopters, his squadron’s fighters lay scattered about like puzzle pieces. He scanned up and around the sky and confirmed what he’d feared: his was the only U.S. jet in the air. He started to check on the jet’s other systems. No sound came over his radios. The fighter’s GPS-coupled inertial navigation system was wrong, showing him as flying over Maui when he knew damn well this was Oahu. Electronically generated false targets flickered on the horizontal situation display and then disappeared. The plane, with its novel software systems and millions of lines of code, was designed to be its own copilot, capable of automation and interpretation never before possible in battle. But at this moment, Worm thought, the fifth-generation fighter was having trouble getting out of its own way, electronically speaking.

Confirm targets serviced and communications link strong. Nice shooting, over.” “Thank you, Nemesis. We aim to please, out.” The strikes began again, the locomotives rushing by every six seconds like clockwork, some directly overhead, some at a distance. Then the intervals between strikes began to shift, first to twelve seconds, then to eighteen. Conan panned her view and saw icons on neighboring islands starting to flash. Maui, then the Big Island, even Lanai. She’d been so focused on her own fight, she hadn’t known what was happening on the other islands. Duncan brought her attention back. “Time for the seaside fireworks.” He pointed off to the coast just as a flash of light about five miles away rose from the ocean and streaked into the clouds. A few seconds later there was a flash above, followed by the sound of a distant explosion, and debris started to rain down.

Pietrucha, “The Next Lightweight Fighter,” Air and Space Power Journal (July/August 2013), accessed August 14, 2014, http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/apjinternational/apj-s/2014/2014-2/2014_2_02_pietrucha_s_eng.pdf. 330 the valley of death: “Several Factors Have Led to a Decline in Partnerships at DOE’s Laboratories,” Government Accountability Office, April 19, 2002, accessed August 25, 2014, http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-02-465. 330 the agency’s trusted-foundry program: “Leading Edge Access Program (LEAP),” DARPA, accessed August 25, 2014, http://www.darpa.mil/Our_Work/MTO/Programs/Leading_Edge_Access_Program_%28LEAP%29.aspx. 330 the main U.S. Army Air Corps base at Wheeler airfield: “Wheeler Field,” Hawaii Aviation, accessed November 5, 2014, http://hawaii.gov/hawaiiaviation/hawaii-airfields-airports/oahu-pre-world-war-ii/wheeler-field. 331 “The hell with that”: Patricia Sullivan, “Kenneth Taylor; Flew Against Pearl Harbor Raiders,” Washington Post, December 3, 2006, accessed August 25, 2014, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/12/02/AR2006120201162.html. 332 massive C-5 Galaxies: “C-5 A/B/C Galaxy and C-5M Super Galaxy,” U.S.

Ultimate Sales Machine by Chet Holmes

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Donald Trump, index card, Indoor air pollution, Maui Hawaii, telemarketer

We had a massage therapist in our booth giving complimentary neck and back massages and we had our lovely blond "nurse" walking around the show handing out "prescriptions for relaxation." People were told to bring the prescription to our booth for afree relaxing massage and a chance to win a relaxing trip to Maui. All they had to do was get the prescription signed by one ofthe "doctors." They came in droves and lined up for their massages. Because they had to get their "prescription" signed by one ofus to be entered into the Maui giveaway, we guaranteed ourselves an opportunity to talk to everyone. While they waited for their massage, we had time for substantive conversation. What happened was everyone was in a great mood when they came to our booth. We were the life ofthe party. They were already on our side because they were having so much fun.

People even say to other people, "What's with the people in the Hawaiian shirts?" The Seven Musts of Marketing 139 Rule 2: Drive Traffic Let's soup up the strategy even more. So one, we've got Hawaiian shirts. Two, we've got a backdrop of a Hawaiian beach scene at the booth with giant letters saying, "Win a free trip to Hawaii." Three, we are serving tropical drinks all day long. So now we're getting noticed, but let's go further. We want to "drive traffic." The free trip to Hawaii and the tropical drinks are designed to drive traffic. Rule 3: Capture Leads Now people get to the booth and, in order to enter the drawing, they need to give you a business card and fill out a quick little form that asks just a few qualifYing questions. And here's a tip about getting data from folks. If you ask, 'What is the size of your company?"

All day long, every day, various folks on my team would come to me and ask me if I had a minute to talk, and a "got-aminute meeting" would break out right then and there. In fact, the entire company was run by got-a-minutes. Anyone could go to anyone else any time and a got-a-minute meeting would break out. My employees were in a reactive mode all day long. Although I had successfully grown each of my divisions by at least 100 percent within 12 to 15 months of taking them over, I was out of control and reacting 100 percent of the time. Even on vacation in Hawaii, I was receiving 15 faxes per day (this was before email became the newest time burner). Time Management Secrets of Billionaires 9 In contrast, when I had a meeting with Charlie Munger, I had to call his secretary and make an appointment. I had to have a strict agenda. I had to be on time and organized. Every meeting was highly productive and to the point. Then suddenly it clicked that I needed to take control of my time and my staff.


pages: 404 words: 118,759

The Bohemians: Mark Twain and the San Francisco Writers Who Reinvented American Literature by Ben Tarnoff

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California gold rush, interchangeable parts, Maui Hawaii, new economy, New Journalism, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, South of Market, San Francisco, South Sea Bubble, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman

“I am tired being a beggar,” he wrote his brother, “tired being chained to this accursed homeless desert.” In Hawaii he hoped to find a new world to explore, and the chance to capitalize on his recent triumph. In his four months in Hawaii he wrote twenty-five letters for the Union, watched a volcano erupt, saw native girls skinny-dip in the sea, ate horrifying amounts of tropical fruit, and tried and failed to surf. The contrast with San Francisco exhilarated him: here he walked on coral, not cobblestone, and smelled jasmine and oleander instead of offal and sewage. Like Stoddard, he found the balmy, beautiful setting deeply relaxing: during five weeks in Maui, he took a much-needed holiday. “I have not written a single line, & have not once thought of business, or care, or human toil or trouble or sorrow or weariness,” he wrote his sister-in-law. But Hawaii wasn’t purely a vacation: it also gave Twain invaluable training in travel writing, the genre that would produce his first major book, The Innocents Abroad.

He hated being alone, and compulsively sought the company of others. “Why do you waste your time among these people?” he remembered Harte saying. “They encourage you in idleness when you should be hard at work.” Yet the harder he applied himself, the more his mind resisted. It fled to other places, like Hawaii, and the memory of the naked native boys he had found there four years earlier. He longed to return, and when the opportunity arose, he seized it. His sister had recently married a rich American in Maui, and they invited him to visit. He finagled a traveling commission from the San Francisco Evening Bulletin to pay his way, and set sail in October 1868 for eight indulgent months in the islands. His friends hated to see him go. “Harte says one end of our triangle is too far removed from the other two, and ought to be drawn nearer,” Coolbrith said in a letter in January 1869.

Brayton Academy had broken him. His family brought in a doctor, who suggested a change of scenery. Long trips to faraway places were thought to be therapeutic. So in August 1864, Stoddard set sail for the Sandwich Islands, as Hawaii was then known. His parents had friends in Honolulu, and Stoddard felt deliriously grateful to be going. Ever since seeing Nicaragua as an eleven-year-old boy, crossing the isthmus on his way to California, he had longed to return to the tropics. His daydreams were populated by monkeys and parrots, mango trees and coconut palms. The journey to Hawaii would do more than just reunite him with this landscape; it would alter “the whole current” of his life, he later said. In the farther frontier of the Pacific Islands, he found a way to live without wanting to die. • • • BY THE TIME Stoddard left San Francisco, Twain had settled in.

Guns, germs, and steel: the fates of human societies by Jared M. Diamond

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affirmative action, Atahualpa, British Empire, California gold rush, correlation does not imply causation, cuban missile crisis, discovery of the americas, European colonialism, Francisco Pizarro, Hernando de Soto, invention of movable type, invention of the wheel, invention of writing, James Watt: steam engine, Maui Hawaii, QWERTY keyboard, the scientific method, trade route

The conquest and administration of this maritime proto-empire were achieved by navies of large canoes, each holding up to 150 men. Like Tonga, Hawaii became a political entity encompassing several populous islands, but one confined to a single archipelago because of its extreme isolation. At the time of Hawaii's “discovery” by Europeans in 1778, political unification had already taken place within each Hawaiian island, and some political fusion between islands had begun. The four largest islandsBig Island (Hawaii in the narrow sense), Maui, Oahu, and Kauairemained independent, controlling (or jockeying with each other for control of) the smaller islands (Lanai, Molokai, Kahoolawe, and Nii hau). After the arrival of Europeans, the Big Island's King Kamehameha I rapidly proceeded with the consolidation of the largest islands by purchas- ing European guns and ships to invade and conquer first Maui and then Oahu. Kamehameha thereupon prepared invasions of the last independent Hawaiian island, Kauai, whose chief finally reached a negotiated settle- ment with him, completing the archipelago's unification.

On the Chathams and atolls, the chiefs had few resources to command, decisions were reached by general discussion, and landownership rested with the community as a whole rather than with the chiefs. Larger, more densely populated political units concentrated more authority with the chiefs. Political complexity was greatest on Tonga and Hawaii, where the powers of hereditary chiefs approximated those of kings elsewhere in the world, and where land was controlled by the chiefs, not by the commoners. Using appointed bureau- crats as agents, chiefs requisitioned food from the commoners and also conscripted them to work on large construction projects, whose form var- ied from island to island: irrigation projects and fishponds on Hawaii, dance and feast centers on the Marquesas, chiefs' tombs on Tonga, and temples on Hawaii, the Societies, and Easter. At the time of Europeans' arrival in the 18th century, the Tongan chief- dom or state had already become an inter-archipelagal empire.

Let's examine the ranges of these factors, before considering their specific consequences for Polynesian societies. The climate in Polynesia varies from warm tropical or subtropical on most islands, which lie near the equator, to temperate on most of New Zealand, and cold subantarctic on the Chathams and the southern part of New Zealand's South Island. Hawaii's Big Island, though lying well within the Tropic of Cancer, has mountains high enough to support alpine habi- tats and receive occasional snowfalls. Rainfall varies from the highest recorded on Earth (in New Zealand's Fjordland and Hawaii's Alakai Swamp on Kauai) to only one-tenth as much on islands so dry that they are marginal for agriculture. Island geological types include coral atolls, raised limestone, volcanic islands, pieces of continents, and mixtures of those types. At one extreme, innumerable islets, such as those of the Tuamotu Archipelago, are flat, low atolls barely rising above sea level.


pages: 582 words: 136,780

Krakatoa: The Day the World Exploded by Simon Winchester

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Alfred Russel Wallace, British Empire, cable laying ship, global village, Isaac Newton, joint-stock company, Marshall McLuhan, Maui Hawaii, South China Sea, spice trade, trade route

To the ancient Polynesians, who closely examined the islands' soil erosion and vegetation, the difference in age was also self-evident. They incorporated the difference in age into their stories. Pele, the goddess of volcanoes, once lived in Kauai. But then she was attacked by her older sister Namakaokahai, the goddess of the sea. And so she fled, south-east, to Oahu. Namakaokahai attacked again, and Pele moved south-east once more, to Maui. And then a third time, whereupon Pele moved yet again, this time to the Halemaumau Crater of Kilauea, on the summit of Hawaii itself. She had moved 300 miles south-eastwards, hopping from island to island, as one volcano after another exploded and died behind her. Like many legends, this old yarn has its basis in fact. The sea attacks volcanoes – the waters and the waves erode the fresh-laid rocks. And this is why Pele herself moved, shifting always to the younger and newer volcanoes, and relentlessly away from the older and worn-out islands of the north-west, and down towards their more recently created and unspoiled cousins in the south-east.

.: Tectonic Evolution of Southeast Asia 52 Halmahera 61 Hambantota, Ceylon 279 Hamburg, Mr (ship passenger) 174 Hammersley Range, western Australia 264 Handl, Johann 360–61 Handl's Bay, Krakatoa Island 356 Hapsburgs 29n Harmonie club, Batavia 147, 153, 172, 202–3 Hastings-on-Hudson, New York 274 Hatfield, Oscar 152, 234 Haughton, Mr (in Ceylon) 287 Hawaii Island (Big Island) 102, 103, 104 Hawaiian Islands 102–5, 121, 306, 354n Heims, Father 159–60 Helen (a square-rigger) 59 Her Majesty K II submarine 89 Her Majesty K XIII submarine 89 Hermak, Baluchistan 190 Hess, Professor Harry 90, 91, 92, 97–100 ‘ History of Ocean Basins’ 98n Hesse, Elias 49–50, 135 Hevea brasiliensis (Brazilian rubber) 224, 225 Hibernia (converted cargo ship) 189 High Court, London 263n Himalayan Mountains 74, 112 Hinduism 128, 332 Holland 29n, 44 see also Dutch; Netherlands Hollandsche Thuyn (long-rangepacket) 48 Hollmann, Captain 158–9 Hollwood 113, 393, 394 Holtan community 132 Holtum, John (‘Cannonball King’) 205–6 Holy War (perang sabil) 336, 337, 340, 342 Homo erectus 116 Hondius, Henricus 25 Hong Kong 220, 278 Honolulu 289 Hooghly River 276 Hooker, Sir Joseph 62, 63 Hoorn, Zuider Zee 20, 33 Hope (a barque) 175 Hopkins, Gerard Manley 288 Hôtel des Indes, Batavia 206, 207, 208–9 hotspots 103, 104, 347n House of Orange 151 Houtman, Cornelis de 15–18 Houtman, Frederik de 15 Huaynaputina volcano, Peru 308 Hudson, USA 283 Hudson River School 283 Hudson's Bay Company 30 human sacrifice 303 humongous explosion 309, 312 Hurgronje, Snouck 41, 333–4 Hutton, James 69 Huxley, Sir Thomas 63 hydrochloric acid 243 ice cores 129, 131, 133, 296, 308n Iceland 82, 96, 306 Illustrated London News 155n Imperial Beacons & Coastal Lighting Service 170 India 11, 13, 22, 24, 40, 44, 55, 74, 112, 144, 191, 197, 276, 280, 325, 326, 331, 332 India Rubber, Gutta Percha & Telegraph Works Company 187–8, 197 Indian Mutiny 326n Indian Ocean 2, 21, 53, 114, 161n, 182, 182, 231, 261, 264, 278, 280, 285 indigo 330 Indo-Australian Plate 111, 115, 116 Indonesia (formerly Dutch East Indies) xiv, 63, 68, 116, 137, 145–6, 308, 309, 325, 331 independence 38, 342 International Date Line 112, 219n International Meridian Conference (Washington, DC, 1884) 219n Io 302 Iran 112, 331 Ireland 188, 196, 264 Irian 55, 61 iron oxide compounds 84, 85 Isla de Pascua 308 Islam Sumatra and Java Islamicized 17 rigid formalisms 32 local form of 40–41, 332–3 orthodox 40, 41 birth of 133 and the 1883 eruption 321 becomes entwined with local political developments 325 power of 325 upsurge in Islamic zealotry in the East Indies 325 stand against colonialism 327 number of Muslims in Indonesia 331 an imperial religion 331 collision with the West 331 first comes to the East Indies 331–2 the haj 332, 333 threatened by Western imperialism 334 fundamentalism 339 Isonandra gutta 187 Istanbul 378 Italy 22, 242 I wo Jima 384n ‘s Jacob, Governor-General Frederik 148–9, 149, 150–53, 169, 172, 201, 215 ‘s Jacob, Leonie 151 Jakarta History Museum, Java 46n Jakarta (previously Jayakarta and Batavia) 2, 21, 38, 126, 137, 373, 379 Jakarta Radio 9 James I, King 12 Jammersley Range, New Guinea 264 Japan 34n, 42, 44, 196, 244, 308, 309 Java 1, 2, 6, 7, 66, 78, 242 coffee 10, 141 spice-trading 10, 11, 31 first treaty with the Dutch 16 colonization 16 Islamicized 17, 40 mapping 22, 24 British colonial intentions 34 described 40–41 and slavery 44 volcanic 83 and the Java Trench 89 volcanically unstable 114–15 splits from Sumatra 126, 155 anti-Chinese riots 91998) 138 earthquakes 154 response to impending eruption (1883) 164 and gutta-percha 188 explosion sounds not heard by all 266 number of active volcanoes 309, 326 attacks by white-robed figure 323–4, 325, 337 First Military Region 324 Islam 325, 342 mysticism 327 Java Bode 162, 255 Java Head 155, 161n, 182, 220, 231, 379n Java Major 25, 25, 26 Java Man 116 Java Minor 22 Java Pars. 27 Java Sea 45, 172 Java Trench 89, 111, 114 Javasche Courant 153 Jayabaya 128 Jayakarta (later Batavia, then Jakarta) 34, 38 Jeffreys, Sir Harold 76, 304 jetstream 290 Jogjakarta, Java 2, 153 joint-stock companies 30 jökulhlaups 244 Judd, John 315–16 Volcanoes 315 Julius II, Pope 13n Jupiter 302 Jurassic period 96 Kaimeni 347 Kamchatka Peninsula 309 Kamula volcano, Java (Gede) 126 kangaroos 65, 65, 116, 137n ‘Kapi, Mount’ (in Ranggawarsita's history) 125, 126, 129 Karachi 190, 280 Karim, Haji Abdul 334–5, 337, 338, 339, 341 Kartodirdjo, Sartono: The Peasants' Revolt of Bantenin 1888 322 Katmai, Mount, Alaska 5 Kauai Island 102–3, 104 Kaula 102 Kavachi 384n Kedirie (ship) 299, 313 Keith, Brian 394 Kennedy, Henry George 235, 272 Kerala 44 Kerm-an, Teheran 190 Kertsch, Crimea 190 Ketimbang, Sumatra 156, 164–5, 167, 226–30, 233, 245, 251, 259 Kew weather observatory, Surrey 270 Keys, David: Catastrophe 132, 133, 134,395–6 Kilauea: Halemaumau Crater, Hawaii 1093 Kinematics, Inc. 376, 378, 386 King of the Netherlands, The (steam-yacht) 323 Kiribati, Republic of 100 kites 72 Kittery Island 102 Knossos, Crete 244 Koeripan River 256, 257, 258 Kokkulai, Ceylon 287 Kosrae Island, Pacific Micronesia 298 Kowalski, Bernard 394 Krakatoa archipelago 379 Krakatoa Committee, Royal Society 272–3, 275, 276, 286–7 Krakatoa, East of Java (film) 2, 394–5 Krakatoa Iron & Steel Works 340n Krakatoa Island present remains of 1–2 van Linschoten describes 25–6 first mentioned by its current name 27 derivation of the name 27–8 cultivation 120–21 lush coastal jungle 122, 354–5 Schuurmann describes 173 Ferzenaar visits (August 1883) 176–8 disappearance of 178, 237, 239, 240, 260, 300, 337, 338 surrounded by small faults and zones of weakness 320 purity after the 1883 eruption 355–6 repopulation of 356–66, 372 Krakatoa Islands xv Krakatoa Problem 364, 366 Krakatoa Time 219, 248, 275 Krakatoa Volcanic Observatory 375, 376, 389 Krakatoa volcano (general refernces) see also Danan cone; Perboewatan cone; Rakata cone and the Wallace Line 57, 64 notoriety 68, 116, 286, 393 number of eruptions 117–18 ruins compared with Anak Krakatoa 353, 354 Krakatoa volcano ( possible eruption of AD 416) 123–9, 133 Krakatoa volcano (the confusions of AD 416 or AD 535) 129–31 Krakatoa volcano (the likely eruption of AD 535) 123, 131–4 Krakatoa volcano (the near-certain eruption of 1680) 123, 134–9 Batavians and seamen unaware of potential danger 45–6 first recorded eruption 46, 47 Vogel's report 48–9 Hesse's report 49–50 Schley's painting 138–9, 140 Krakatoa volcano (before the certain eruption of 1883) 139–49 Krakatoa volcano (eruption of 27 August 1883) 4–5, 28, 123, 134, 209 the event 210–39, 240 the effects 241–61 the experiences 261–321 death statistics 5, 313 telegraphy 5, 7, 28n, 146, 167,184–7, 192–4, 215 undersea cables 5, 6, 184, 187, 189 lack of geological knowledge at the time 5–6 religious fears 6 and birth of global village 6–7 impact on climate 7 a Plinian eruption 12 and subduction zones 111 Banten flood destruction 127 warnings of forthcoming eruption 154–63 Perboewatan erupts 167–9, 175, 176, 180, 184–5, 193–4 excursions to visit 172–4 Danan erupts 176, 177 statistics of deaths and injuries 242 the sound of 262–8 progress of the shock waves 273–5, 313 art and 282–5 and temperature 293–6 floating bodies 296–300 existed above a large chamber of magma 318–19 burial of the dead 321, 322 rebuilding after 321, 323 political and religious consequence 321, 342–3 reluctance to settle near the volcano 379 Kramat 260 Kultuurstelsel (Cultivation System) 328–9, 333 Kurile Islands 309 Kurrachee 276 Kyoto 297 Labuan, Java 337 lahars (volcanic mud and water slurry) 243 Lakagígar (Hekla), Iceland 294 Lamongan 155 Lampong Bay 166, 216, 219, 228, 234, 247, 249, 250, 251 Lancaster, James 34 Lang Island, Krakatoa (previously Panjang, now Rakata Kecil) xv, 118n, 158n, 314, 318, 354 Laos 34n Lascar volcano, Chile 308 Laurasia 73, 74, 75 lava flows 369 Laysan Island 102 Le Havre 282 Leicestershire 57, 58 Lemuria 53n Liciala spinosa 355 Lincoln, President Abraham 196, 219n Lindeman, Captain T.H. 173, 174, 216, 219, 230 Linnean Society, Burlington House, Piccadilly, London 52–3, 54, 62, 64, 65 Linschoten, Jan Huyghen van 23–6, 26 Itinerario 24, 25 Lippincott Gazetteer 190n Lisbon 14, 15, 191 Lisianski Island 102 lithosphere 109–10, 302 Llaima volcano 308 Lloyd's of London 161, 168, 180–83, 186, 193, 232, 261 Committee 182, 197 Foreign Intelligence Office 193 Lochart, Nanette 208, 209 Locomotive 151 Lodewijcksz, Willem 25, 26 Logan, Captain William 223–4 Lombok Island 61, 66, 69 Lomu, Jonah 384n London 19, 179–80, 189, 190, 191, 196, 197, 270, 284 London Station 193 Londonderry 196 long waves 278, 279–80 Los Angeles 200 Luzon 24 Lyell, Sir Charles 62, 63, 69 Macassar, Celebes, Macasserese 31, 44, 265, 326 Macau 19 McColl, Mr (Lloyd's agent) 181, 259–60 mace (aril) 11, 18 MacKenzie, Captain 157, 161 McLuhan, Marshall 184, 198 Madagascar 16, 53 Madras 190, 191, 280 Madura 17 Magellan, Ferdinand 23 Magellan Strait 19 magma 84, 103, 104, 305, 315, 316,318–20 magnetic airborne detector (MAD) 93n magnetism and basalts 84, 85 moon's surface 100 remanent 91–2, 96, 97, 102 underwater 93–5 magnetite 84–5, 85, 92n magnetometers 93–6, 97, 101, 107 Magpie, HMS 265, 272 Mahdi 322, 335, 336, 337, 342 Malabar Coast 11 Malacca 11, 18, 22, 29, 34, 44 Malaku 61 see also Moluccas Malay Archipelago 59, 60, 190 Australian (eastern) end of 55, 64, 65 Indian (western) end of 55, 64, 65 Wallace's preferred term 59 Malay language 59 Malaya peninsula 22, 24, 29, 31, 40, 53, 190, 326, 331 Maldives 23 Malta 191 Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society 294 Manchus 157n Manhattan, New York City 295 Manila 196, 264 Manley, Reverend W.R. 288 maps 21–7, 26, 155 Mardijkers 44 Marie (Danish salt-carrying barque) 219–20, 230, 234, 246 Mars 302 Mason, Ron 93–5 Massachusetts Bay Company 30 Mataram sultan of 40 Matuyama, Motonari 96 Maui Island 103 Mauk 260 Maurice of Nassau, Prince 16n Mauritius 16n, 34n, 261, 263n, 270 Maan civilization 133 Mayon, Mount 266 Mecca 332–5, 336, 337, 342 Mecca's Plain of Arafat 333n Medea (British ship) 216, 231 Mediterranean 14, 23, 191 Mediterranean region 133 Mekong 24 Melbourne 270 Merak, Java 160, 222, 225, 238, 246, 249n, 250, 252–3, 259, 260, 337 Merapi, Mount 48, 155 Merbapu, Mount 48, 155 Mercator, Gerardus 71 Merchant Adventurers 30 Merchant Staplers 30 Meteorological Council 270 meteorology 70, 76, 275, 290.

What is currently (but technically wrongly) thought of as the Hawaiian Islands is the 400-mile line of just nine bodies of rock and palm reaching from the outermost pinnacle of Kaula, via the north-westernmost (and still privately owned) island of Niihau, to that great chunk of basalt at the south-east called Hawaii, which is known by most non-Polynesian visitors as the Big Island. Hawaiian legend has long acknowledged what casual visitors may notice too: that the dusty, half-dead island of Niihau looks much wearier and older than the feisty, bubbling and fiery island of Hawaii. The dank black Waialeale swamp at the summit of Kauai – the wettest place on earth, the locals say – looks prehistoric; the fresh crags of Diamond Head on Oahu (the ‘diamonds’ being glittery and new-looking olivine crystals) look young. To the ancient Polynesians, who closely examined the islands' soil erosion and vegetation, the difference in age was also self-evident.

And Never Stop Dancing: Thirty More True Things You Need to Know Now by Gordon Livingston

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Columbine, desegregation, follow your passion, Maui Hawaii

We celebrated the halfway mark with champagne and reflected on the fact that we were then at a point farther from 80. 0738212494-text.qxd:0738212494-text.qxd 7/10/08 9:34 AM Page 81 Though much is taken, much abides. land than anywhere on the planet. We stopped listening to position reports from the other boats because they did nothing for our morale; nor could they help in our planning. The trade winds were up and down but never deserted us wholly, and on the evening of our fifteenth day we saw the glow of lights on Maui. We had only to change course once more at Molokai and head for the finish, thirty-two miles away. But first, it turned out, we had to defy death one last time. The choice had been made to fly a relatively small spinnaker that had come with the boat in the ’60s. As we approached Molokai at night in 25-knot winds, the sail became progressively harder to manage and ultimately wrapped itself on the forestay.

As you grow older, it will avoid you. 7. Never mind dying with dignity; try living with dignity. 74. 0738212494-text.qxd:0738212494-text.qxd 7/10/08 9:34 AM Page 75 14. Though much is taken, much abides. hances of getting a crew slot in the biennial Transpac race from L.A. to Honolulu at age 70 are slim. So, in 2003, Lloyd Sellinger did what any self-respecting septuagenarian wanting a ride to Hawaii would do: He lied about his age. “I told the skipper, a man in his 40s, that I was 69; it sounded better.” When he was turned down anyway, Lloyd came up with the perfect revenge. He would prepare his own 40-foot sailboat for the 2005 Transpac and require that every member of the crew be over 65. C 75. 0738212494-text.qxd:0738212494-text.qxd 7/10/08 9:34 AM Page 76 And Never Stop Dancing When his intentions were published in a California sailing magazine, he immediately started getting applicants.

Finally, we came up with a satisfactory response: we were taking some Viagra pills with us on the trip, but only to keep us from rolling out of our bunks. 77. 0738212494-text.qxd:0738212494-text.qxd 7/10/08 9:34 AM Page 78 And Never Stop Dancing A long ocean voyage, like any quest, is both an expression of hope and a journey within, undertaken for reasons that turn out to have little to do with the outcome. In our early practice sails and in our races to Mexico and around Santa Barbara Island, we learned a couple of things. First, we were slow. Our 1969 Cal 40, Bubala (Yiddish for “Sweetheart”), and dated sail inventory made it unlikely that we could keep up with lighter boats, more experienced crews, and bigger budgets. Second, it didn’t make any difference. We were there to sail to Hawaii as fast as we could. None of us had Transpac experience. This was going to be the trip of a lifetime, and for us perfect speed meant being there. The 2,500-mile race began off Point Fermin, west of Los Angeles. The winds were light and got lighter as the day wore on. Under normal conditions we would have expected to pass Catalina Island at five in the afternoon. Instead we ghosted at 2 knots past the blinking light at the west end about two the next morning.

Let's Explore Diabetes With Owls by David Sedaris

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big-box store, call centre, desegregation, illegal immigration, index card, Maui Hawaii, remote working, stem cell

At the spot Hugh and I go to in Normandy you’ll find, in place of sand, speckled stones the size of potatoes. The water runs from glacial to heart attack and is tinted the color of iced tea. Then there’s all the stuff floating in it: not man-made garbage but sea garbage—scum and bits of plant life, all of it murky and rotten-smelling. The beaches in Hawaii look as if they’ve been bleached; that’s how white the sand is. The water is warm—even in winter—and so clear you can see not just your toes but the corns cleaving, barnacle-like, to the sides of them. On Maui, one November, Hugh and I went swimming, and turned to find a gigantic sea turtle coming up between us. As gentle as a cow, she was, and with a cow’s dopey, almost lovesick expression on her face. That, to me, was worth the entire trip, worth my entire life, practically. For to witness majesty, to find yourself literally touched by it—isn’t that what we’ve all been waiting for?

Isn’t it just as likely that he got promoted or, better still, that he left the call center for greener pastures? That’s it, I tell myself. Once he settles into the new job and moves into that house he’s been eyeing, after his maid has left for the day and he’s figured out which remote works the television and which one is for the DVD player, he’s going to need someone to relate to. Then he’ll dig up my number, reach for his cell phone, and, by God, call me. Loggerheads The thing about Hawaii, at least the part that is geared toward tourists, is that it’s exactly what it promises to be. Step off the plane, and someone places a lei around your neck, as if it were something you had earned—an Olympic medal for sitting on your ass. Raise a hand above your shoulder and, no matter where you are, a drink will appear: something served in a hollowed-out pineapple, or perhaps in a coconut that’s been sawed in half.

As with the sea turtle, part of the thrill was the feeling of being accepted, which is to say, not feared. It allowed you to think that you and this creature had a special relationship, a juvenile thought but one that brings with it a definite comfort. Well, monkeys like me, I’d find myself thinking during the next few months, whenever I felt lonely or unappreciated. Just as, in the months following our trip to Hawaii, I thought of the sea turtle. With her, though, my feelings were a bit more complicated, and instead of believing that we had bonded, I’d wonder that she could ever have forgiven me. The thing between me and sea turtles started in the late ’60s, and involved my best friend from grade school, a boy I’ll call Shaun, who lived down the street from me in Raleigh. What brought us together was a love of nature, or, more specifically, of catching things and unintentionally killing them.


pages: 324 words: 166,630

Frommer's Cuba by Claire Boobbyer

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Albert Einstein, cuban missile crisis, haute couture, Maui Hawaii

Washington State FROMMER’S® DAY BY DAY GUIDES Amsterdam Barcelona Beijing Boston Cancun & the Yucatan Chicago Florence & Tuscany Hong Kong Honolulu & Oahu London Maui Montréal Napa & Sonoma New York City Paris Provence & the Riviera Rome San Francisco Venice Washington D.C. PAULINE FROMMER’S GUIDES: SEE MORE. SPEND LESS. Alaska Hawaii Italy 20_345429-badvert02.indd 311 Las Vegas London New York City Paris Walt Disney World® Washington D.C. 11/20/08 8:44:24 PM FROMMER’S® PORTABLE GUIDES Acapulco, Ixtapa & Zihuatanejo Amsterdam Aruba, Bonaire & Curacao Australia’s Great Barrier Reef Bahamas Big Island of Hawaii Boston California Wine Country Cancún Cayman Islands Charleston Chicago Dominican Republic Florence Las Vegas Las Vegas for Non-Gamblers London Maui Nantucket & Martha’s Vineyard New Orleans New York City Paris Portland Puerto Rico Puerto Vallarta, Manzanillo & Guadalajara Rio de Janeiro San Diego San Francisco Savannah St.

The best conversations start here. 19_345429-badvert01.indd 310 11/20/08 8:44:10 PM FROMMER’S® COMPLETE TRAVEL GUIDES Alaska Amalfi Coast American Southwest Amsterdam Argentina Arizona Atlanta Australia Austria Bahamas Barcelona Beijing Belgium, Holland & Luxembourg Belize Bermuda Boston Brazil British Columbia & the Canadian Rockies Brussels & Bruges Budapest & the Best of Hungary Buenos Aires Calgary California Canada Cancún, Cozumel & the Yucatán Cape Cod, Nantucket & Martha’s Vineyard Caribbean Caribbean Ports of Call Carolinas & Georgia Chicago Chile & Easter Island China Colorado Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Denmark Denver, Boulder & Colorado Springs Eastern Europe Ecuador & the Galapagos Islands Edinburgh & Glasgow England Europe Europe by Rail Florence, Tuscany & Umbria Florida France Germany Greece Greek Islands Guatemala Hawaii Hong Kong Honolulu, Waikiki & Oahu India Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Kauai Las Vegas London Los Angeles Los Cabos & Baja Madrid Maine Coast Maryland & Delaware Maui Mexico Montana & Wyoming Montréal & Québec City Morocco Moscow & St. Petersburg Munich & the Bavarian Alps Nashville & Memphis New England Newfoundland & Labrador New Mexico New Orleans New York City New York State New Zealand Northern Italy Norway Nova Scotia, New Brunswick & Prince Edward Island Oregon Paris Peru Philadelphia & the Amish Country Portugal Prague & the Best of the Czech Republic Provence & the Riviera Puerto Rico Rome San Antonio & Austin San Diego San Francisco Santa Fe, Taos & Albuquerque Scandinavia Scotland Seattle Seville, Granada & the Best of Andalusia Shanghai Sicily Singapore & Malaysia South Africa South America South Florida South Korea South Pacific Southeast Asia Spain Sweden Switzerland Tahiti & French Polynesia Texas Thailand Tokyo Toronto Turkey USA Utah Vancouver & Victoria Vermont, New Hampshire & Maine Vienna & the Danube Valley Vietnam Virgin Islands Virginia Walt Disney World® & Orlando Washington, D.C.

Whistler Cruises & Ports of Call European Cruises & Ports of Call FROMMER’S® CRUISE GUIDES Alaska Cruises & Ports of Call FROMMER’S® NATIONAL PARK GUIDES Algonquin Provincial Park Banff & Jasper Grand Canyon National Parks of the American West Rocky Mountain Yellowstone & Grand Teton Yosemite and Sequoia & Kings Canyon Zion & Bryce Canyon FROMMER’S® WITH KIDS GUIDES Chicago Hawaii Las Vegas London Toronto Walt Disney World® & Orlando Washington, D.C. National Parks New York City San Francisco FROMMER’S® PHRASEFINDER DICTIONARY GUIDES Chinese French German Italian Japanese Spanish SUZY GERSHMAN’S BORN TO SHOP GUIDES France Hong Kong, Shanghai & Beijing Italy San Francisco Where to Buy the Best of Everything. London New York Paris FROMMER’S® BEST-LOVED DRIVING TOURS Britain California France Germany Ireland Italy New England Northern Italy Scotland Spain Tuscany & Umbria Ireland Las Vegas London Maui Mexico’s Best Beach Resorts Mini Mickey New Orleans New York City Paris San Francisco South Florida including Miami & the Keys Walt Disney World® Walt Disney World® for Grown-ups Walt Disney World® with Kids Washington, D.C.

Frommer's Egypt by Matthew Carrington

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airport security, centre right, colonial rule, Internet Archive, land tenure, Maui Hawaii, open economy, rent control, rolodex, sustainable-tourism, trade route, urban planning, urban sprawl, walkable city, Yom Kippur War

Washington State FROMMER’S® DAY BY DAY GUIDES Amsterdam Barcelona Beijing Boston Cancun & the Yucatan Chicago Florence & Tuscany Hong Kong Honolulu & Oahu London Maui Montréal Napa & Sonoma New York City Paris Provence & the Riviera Rome San Francisco Venice Washington D.C. PAULINE FROMMER’S GUIDES: SEE MORE. SPEND LESS. Alaska Hawaii Italy Las Vegas London New York City Paris Walt Disney World® Washington D.C. 21_259290-badvert05.qxp 7/22/08 12:49 AM Page 342 FROMMER’S® PORTABLE GUIDES Acapulco, Ixtapa & Zihuatanejo Amsterdam Aruba, Bonaire & Curacao Australia’s Great Barrier Reef Bahamas Big Island of Hawaii Boston California Wine Country Cancún Cayman Islands Charleston Chicago Dominican Republic Florence Las Vegas Las Vegas for Non-Gamblers London Maui Nantucket & Martha’s Vineyard New Orleans New York City Paris Portland Puerto Rico Puerto Vallarta, Manzanillo & Guadalajara Rio de Janeiro San Diego San Francisco Savannah St.

MTV is a registered trademark of Viacom International, Inc. 20_259290-badvert04.qxp 7/22/08 12:49 AM Page 340 21_259290-badvert05.qxp 7/22/08 12:49 AM Page 341 FROMMER’S® COMPLETE TRAVEL GUIDES Alaska Amalfi Coast American Southwest Amsterdam Argentina Arizona Atlanta Australia Austria Bahamas Barcelona Beijing Belgium, Holland & Luxembourg Belize Bermuda Boston Brazil British Columbia & the Canadian Rockies Brussels & Bruges Budapest & the Best of Hungary Buenos Aires Calgary California Canada Cancún, Cozumel & the Yucatán Cape Cod, Nantucket & Martha’s Vineyard Caribbean Caribbean Ports of Call Carolinas & Georgia Chicago Chile & Easter Island China Colorado Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Denmark Denver, Boulder & Colorado Springs Eastern Europe Ecuador & the Galapagos Islands Edinburgh & Glasgow England Europe Europe by Rail Florence, Tuscany & Umbria Florida France Germany Greece Greek Islands Guatemala Hawaii Hong Kong Honolulu, Waikiki & Oahu India Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Kauai Las Vegas London Los Angeles Los Cabos & Baja Madrid Maine Coast Maryland & Delaware Maui Mexico Montana & Wyoming Montréal & Québec City Morocco Moscow & St. Petersburg Munich & the Bavarian Alps Nashville & Memphis New England Newfoundland & Labrador New Mexico New Orleans New York City New York State New Zealand Northern Italy Norway Nova Scotia, New Brunswick & Prince Edward Island Oregon Paris Peru Philadelphia & the Amish Country Portugal Prague & the Best of the Czech Republic Provence & the Riviera Puerto Rico Rome San Antonio & Austin San Diego San Francisco Santa Fe, Taos & Albuquerque Scandinavia Scotland Seattle Seville, Granada & the Best of Andalusia Shanghai Sicily Singapore & Malaysia South Africa South America South Florida South Korea South Pacific Southeast Asia Spain Sweden Switzerland Tahiti & French Polynesia Texas Thailand Tokyo Toronto Turkey USA Utah Vancouver & Victoria Vermont, New Hampshire & Maine Vienna & the Danube Valley Vietnam Virgin Islands Virginia Walt Disney World® & Orlando Washington, D.C.

Whistler FROMMER’S® CRUISE GUIDES Alaska Cruises & Ports of Call Cruises & Ports of Call European Cruises & Ports of Call FROMMER’S® NATIONAL PARK GUIDES Algonquin Provincial Park Banff & Jasper Grand Canyon National Parks of the American West Rocky Mountain Yellowstone & Grand Teton Yosemite and Sequoia & Kings Canyon Zion & Bryce Canyon FROMMER’S® WITH KIDS GUIDES Chicago Hawaii Las Vegas London Toronto Walt Disney World® & Orlando Washington, D.C. National Parks New York City San Francisco FROMMER’S® PHRASEFINDER DICTIONARY GUIDES Chinese French German Italian Japanese Spanish SUZY GERSHMAN’S BORN TO SHOP GUIDES France Hong Kong, Shanghai & Beijing Italy San Francisco Where to Buy the Best of Everything. London New York Paris FROMMER’S® BEST-LOVED DRIVING TOURS Britain California France Germany Ireland Italy New England Northern Italy Scotland Spain Tuscany & Umbria Ireland Las Vegas London Maui Mexico’s Best Beach Resorts Mini Mickey New Orleans New York City Paris San Francisco South Florida including Miami & the Keys Walt Disney World® Walt Disney World® for Grown-ups Walt Disney World® with Kids Washington, D.C.


pages: 602 words: 177,874

Thank You for Being Late: An Optimist's Guide to Thriving in the Age of Accelerations by Thomas L. Friedman

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3D printing, additive manufacturing, affirmative action, Airbnb, AltaVista, Amazon Web Services, autonomous vehicles, Ayatollah Khomeini, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, blockchain, business process, call centre, centre right, Clayton Christensen, clean water, cloud computing, corporate social responsibility, crowdsourcing, David Brooks, demand response, demographic dividend, demographic transition, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, Erik Brynjolfsson, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Ferguson, Missouri, first square of the chessboard / second half of the chessboard, Flash crash, game design, gig economy, global supply chain, illegal immigration, immigration reform, income inequality, indoor plumbing, Internet of things, invention of the steam engine, inventory management, Jeff Bezos, job automation, John von Neumann, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, land tenure, linear programming, low skilled workers, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, Maui Hawaii, Menlo Park, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, pattern recognition, planetary scale, pull request, Ralph Waldo Emerson, ransomware, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Florida, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Gordon, Ronald Reagan, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, shareholder value, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, South China Sea, Steve Jobs, TaskRabbit, Thomas L Friedman, transaction costs, Transnistria, urban decay, urban planning, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, WikiLeaks, women in the workforce, Y2K, Yogi Berra

Paul Jacobs recalls the exact moment when he knew a revolution was about to happen. It was Christmas 1998 and he was sitting on the beach in Maui. “I took out a prototype of the pdQ 1900 they had sent me and I typed in ‘Maui sushi’ into the AltaVista search engine. I was wirelessly connected using Sprint. Up came a sushi restaurant in Maui. I don’t remember the name of the restaurant, but it was good sushi! I knew viscerally right then that what I had theorized—having a phone with the connectivity of a Palm organizer connected to the Internet—would change everything. The day of the disconnected PDA was over. I searched for something I cared about that had nothing to do with technology. Today it seems obvious, but back then it was a novel experience—that you could sit on the beach in Maui and find the best sushi.” Paul Jacobs doesn’t mince words: “We made the smartphone revolution.”

But over time the industry discovered novel ways of using chemicals and splicing the fiber cables to both increase capacity for voice and data and transmit a light signal that would never weaken. “That was a huge breakthrough,” explained Bucksbaum. “With all this internal amplification they could get rid of the electronic amplifier boxes and lay continuous end-to-end fiber-optic cables” from America to Hawaii or China to Africa or Los Angeles to Chattanooga. “That enabled even more nonlinear growth,” he said—not to mention the ability to stream movies into your home. It made broadband Internet possible. “Once you no longer had to break up the laser light signal to amplify it, the speed that you could transmit information was no longer limited by the properties and constraints of electricity but only by the properties of light,” he explained.

And one hundred eighty-nine German guests stayed with Brazilians on the night of the Brazil/Germany World Cup semifinal match.” It turns out there is an innkeeper residing in all of us! But while the insight of Chesky and his partners was profound, their timing was even better. Why? Because it coincided with 2007. Without the technologies born that year, Chesky said, there could have been no Airbnb. For starters, connectivity had to get fast, free, easy for you, and ubiquitous—from Hawaii to Hong Kong to Havana, which happened in the early 2000s, he explained. “Then people had to get comfortable giving their credit information and paying for things online and transacting online. People forget that when eBay started, people used to mail them checks and they would end each day with these huge bags of checks.” There had to be both a degree of experience for a wide swath of the global population with e-commerce and a peer-to-peer payment system, like PayPal, so people could pay on Airbnb without credit cards.


pages: 241 words: 64,424

Project Azorian: The CIA and the Raising of the K-129 by Norman Polmar, Michael White

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cuban missile crisis, Maui Hawaii

At the time—while the wreckage of the K-129 was being examined—the Glomar Explorer was sailing toward a prearranged site near Midway where, under the cover plan, a decision would be made whether it would be necessary to enter Midway Atoll’s lagoon where mission crews could be exchanged. The next day another message was sent, indicating that the ship was changing direction to a new destination because repairs to the vehicle would require at least 30 days. At CIA headquarters the decision was made to send the ship to Lahaina Roads, a passage off the northwest coast of the Hawaiian island of Maui. There a special team—the B crew—would come on board to “clean up” the remains of the K-129. The cover story for the members of the B crew would be that they were mining vehicle technicians and inspectors. When the ship was some 500 nautical miles northwest of Oahu she came to a stop and drifted for several days. Using packaging supplies that had been stowed aboard the ship, the material from the K-129 that was considered of intelligence value was crated for transfer to a “secret facility” where it would be carefully examined and its final disposition decided.

The troubled nuclear-propelled Echo II had been ordered to deploy on combat duty in a patrol area northwest of Oahu, the principal island of Hawaii, to replace the ballistic missile submarine B-62, a diesel-electric Project AV611/Zulu V type that had been on combat duty north of Hawaii in February 1968. The potential targets for the submarine’s two R-11FM (NATO SS-1B Scud A) missiles were the military installations on the island of Oahu —the massive naval base at Pearl Harbor, the adjacent Hickam Air Force Base, and the nearby headquarters for the U.S. Pacific Command at Camp H. M. Smith. Although the 26th Submarine Division contained several Echo II SSGNs, none was available to cover the Hawaii Station. These craft also were employed in tracking U.S. aircraft carriers in the Vietnam theater as that conflict raged, and were probably kept in position to strike U.S. military installations on the island of Guam—the Polaris submarine support facilities and the B-52 strategic bombers based there.

The ill-fated K-129 was the first Golf SSB in the Pacific to be converted to launch the R-21/SS-N-5 Serb missile; the K-126 was the second submarine to be converted. (U.S. Navy) The U.S. Navy’s monitoring of the massive Soviet search effort for the K-129 detected a series of radio messages from the Zulu V ballistic missile submarine B-62. She had departed Petropavlovsk about January 26 and had arrived on station some 500 to 600 nautical miles northwest of Hawaii about February 21. She had made the required burst radio transmissions en route to the Hawaii Station, revealing her progress to U.S. Navy intercept stations as well as to Soviet naval headquarters. Possibly before arriving on station, the B-62 suffered a breakdown of one of her three diesel engines. Within a week she had lost a second diesel engine; after an exchange of messages with naval headquarters, apparently permission was given for the B-62 to commence a return transit to Petro about March 8.


pages: 266 words: 80,018

The Snowden Files: The Inside Story of the World's Most Wanted Man by Luke Harding

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affirmative action, airport security, Anton Chekhov, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, Berlin Wall, Chelsea Manning, don't be evil, Edward Snowden, Etonian, Firefox, Google Earth, Jacob Appelbaum, job-hopping, Julian Assange, Khan Academy, kremlinology, Mark Zuckerberg, Maui Hawaii, national security letter, pre–internet, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rolodex, Silicon Valley, Skype, social graph, Steve Jobs, web application, WikiLeaks

‘He would barely say anything and hang out on the side, sort of hovering. So it became a sort of game to involve him, like “Go Team Edward!” ’ recalls one. ‘At a birthday party one night we prodded him into making an actual speech. It was about five words.’ Snowden did describe his life in Hawaii as ‘paradise’. This, certainly, was how the Honolulu Star-Advertiser also tells it, declaring on its masthead: ‘The pulse of paradise.’ What passed for news headlines – ‘Officials contemplate weekend harbor hours’, ‘Pacific aviation museum honors daredevil’, ‘Bush blaze doused on Maui’ – tended to boost the image of a tropical idyll. But for Snowden there were few outwards signs of fun. No surfing, no golf, no lounging on the beach. ‘He was pale, pale, pale, pale, as if he never got out in the sun,’ the friend says. (In contrast, Barack Obama, who has a sister on Oahu, gives every impression of savouring the beaches, the surf and the shave ice, the local version of a snow cone.)

‘You can’t wait around for someone else to act. I had been looking for leaders, but I realised that leadership is about being the first to act.’ By the time he left Japan in 2012, Snowden was a whistleblower-in-waiting. 2 CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE The NSA’s Regional Cryptologic Center, Kunia, Hawaii ‘The authority of government, even such as I am willing to submit to … is still an impure one: to be strictly just, it must have the sanction and consent of the governed.’ HENRY DAVID THOREAU, ‘Civil Disobedience’ In March 2012, Snowden left Japan and moved across the Pacific to Hawaii. At the same time, it seems he donated to his libertarian political hero Ron Paul. An ‘Edward Snowden’ contributed $250 to Paul’s presidential campaign from an address in Columbia, Maryland. The record describes the donor as an employee of Dell. In May, Snowden donated a second $250, this time from his new home at Waipahu, describing himself as a ‘senior adviser’ for an unstated employer.

Snowden’s new job was at the NSA’s regional cryptological centre (the ‘Central Security Service’) on the main island of Oahu, which is near Honolulu. He was still a Dell contractor. The centre is one of 13 NSA hubs outside Fort Meade devoted to SIGINT, and in particular to spying on the Chinese. The logo of ‘NSA/CSS Hawaii’ features two green palm trees set on either side of a tantalising archipelago of islands. The main colour is a deep oceanic blue. At the top are the words: ‘NSA/CSS Hawaii’; at the bottom, ‘Kunia’. It looks an attractive place to work. He arrived on the volcanic island in the middle of the Pacific with a plan. The plan now looks insane. It was audacious, but – viewed dispassionately – almost certainly going to result in Snowden’s incarceration for a very long time and possibly for the rest of his life.


pages: 613 words: 200,826

Unreal Estate: Money, Ambition, and the Lust for Land in Los Angeles by Michael Gross

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Albert Einstein, Ayatollah Khomeini, bank run, Bernie Madoff, California gold rush, clean water, Donald Trump, estate planning, family office, financial independence, Maui Hawaii, McMansion, mortgage debt, offshore financial centre, oil rush, passive investing, pension reform, Ponzi scheme, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, The Predators' Ball, transcontinental railway

By 1985, Hughes had found his third beauty queen in a Sunset Boulevard restaurant. Suzan Schroder was a former Miss Hawaiian Tropic runner-up and Miss Petite USA who’d gone on to found her own court-reporting company. Mark married his latest blonde in fall 1987 and she sold her company to be his full-time wife. Mark’s father, Jack Reynolds, the plumbing contractor, attended the ceremony after Suzan reunited them, sending them to Maui on vacation together just before the wedding. She did that even though she remains unsure if Reynolds really was his father. Suzan says Herbalife was in the red at that moment, losing $12 million a month. That may be true, since Mark put Lionsgate on the market for $12 million, quickly selling it to Marvin Davis. They moved into a rental on Benedict Canyon Drive. Suzan claims credit for creating new weight loss and skin care products that “exploded,” she says.

When do you stop to enjoy yourself?” The divorce took seven months; Suzan continued to live at Grayhall, but moved out as soon as it was final. She says it was amicable, and they shared joint custody of their son. In exchange for $10 million cash, $120,000 a year in child support, and $400,000 a year in spousal support, Suzan agreed to keep silent about her ex. “I didn’t take a salt shaker. I got enough. I’m happy. I left him Maui, Grayhall, the yacht, our furniture. I had the memories in my mind. I move on.” She bought a $3.95 million mansion out of foreclosure five blocks away on Beverly Drive. “The house was called Sunshine,” she says. During the divorce process, Hughes had revealed that he planned to reduce his holdings in Herbalife and its stock price collapsed, dropping as low as $6. Hughes also gave a 50 percent discount on stock options to his corporate cronies, infuriating regular shareholders, who sued.

Suzan Hughes wasn’t haunting the house but she did haunt Darcy’s life, and vice versa. She was convinced Darcy wanted to gain custody of her son. Nina Burleigh revealed that in court documents, Darcy charged Suzan with libeling and stalking her. In fact, she’d hired a notorious private detective, Anthony Pellicano, who’d taped some of Mark’s phone calls. Suzan was also alleged to have called Mark’s vacation home in Maui during the couple’s engagement and accused Darcy of raping her son and using cocaine. Darcy’s lawyers threatened Suzan with police and litigation in return. Just after Mark and Darcy’s wedding, the Hugheses’ future neighbors beneath their mountaintop went to the Los Angeles zoning commission to protest his building plans. Though he’d already adjusted the plans, removed a ballroom, and reduced the size and height of the house, they pointed to vast entrance foyers with separate men’s and women’s bathrooms, and what appeared to be office space, arguing that he really wanted a business showplace even grander than Grayhall.


pages: 369 words: 121,161

Alistair Cooke's America by Alistair Cooke

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Albert Einstein, Alistair Cooke, British Empire, double entry bookkeeping, full employment, Hernando de Soto, imperial preference, interchangeable parts, joint-stock company, Maui Hawaii, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Spread Networks laid a new fibre optics cable between New York and Chicago, strikebreaker, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transcontinental railway, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, urban sprawl, wage slave, Works Progress Administration

Today, probably for more millions than will ever get there, it is – as it was for the grouchy dreamers of eighteenth-century France – an island in the Pacific. And where more insulated from the madding world than a tiny chain of islands at the exact center of an ocean lapping four continents – Hawaii? Here, in the winter that George Washington and his ragged army fought to survive at Valley Forge, the first white man stepped ashore and was greeted by the natives as one of their four gods come down to earth. The promise of the tourist literature is that you, too, will feel like Captain Cook. For here are rain forests, and waterfalls, and Bougainville’s memento, the bougainvillea; and the dreamy bonus of beautiful, nubile maidens. Such a scene exists on the island of Maui. But half an hour’s flight from Maui is Honolulu, the capital of the fiftieth state. At first glance this city seems a happier and more permanent melting pot than any we have on the mainland.

The second region embraces what is now the United States. It is, Tocqueville succinctly observes, ‘more varied on its surface and better suited for the habitation of man.’ So, indeed, it is. Which is why the almost four million square miles of Canada house only twenty-one million people, and the three million square miles of the continuous land area of the United States (excluding the outposts of Alaska and Hawaii) support a population of over two hundred million. When Tocqueville goes on to describe the land mass of what is now the United States, he sees it very much as an astronaut does: Two long chains of mountains divide it from one extreme to the other: the Allegheny Ridge takes the form of the shores of the Atlantic Ocean; the other is parallel with the Pacific… the vast territory in between forms a single valley, one side of which descends gradually from the rounded summits of the Alleghenies, while the other rises in an uninterrupted course towards the tops of the Rocky Mountains.

Government in these huge Mexican outposts barely existed except in California, and an ambitious man of any nationality could purchase a land grant and, with sufficient industry and panache, make himself the rough-and-ready lord of all he surveyed. Such a hopeful seigneur was Johann August Sutter, a roving soldier of fortune of Swiss parentage. After speculative pauses in Missouri and the beaver trade and the shipping business to Hawaii, he undertook to found and rule his own California colony. The Mexican governor gave him forty-nine thousand acres along the Sacramento River on the condition that he would turn it into an impregnable Mexican outpost. The Mexicans had been frightened by the arrival of the Russians in pursuit of the sea otter and by their fortified settlement north of San Francisco. The disappearance of the sea otter and the subsequent order of the Czar to withdraw all his subjects from California coincided fortuitously with the arrival of Sutter.


pages: 385 words: 99,985

Pattern Recognition by William Gibson

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carbon-based life, Frank Gehry, Mars Rover, Maui Hawaii, offshore financial centre, pattern recognition

They had only been alerted to the fact of Win's disappearance on the nineteenth, ordinary police procedures having been disrupted, and Win's credit card company having been slow to provide next-of-kin information. Cayce herself had dealt alone with all of the initial phases of the hunt for her father, Cynthia having stayed in Maui, afraid to fly, until well after commercial flights had resumed. On the nineteenth, Win's face had joined the others, so many of them, that Cayce had been living with daily in the aftermath, and very likely his had been among those the CCNY anthropology student had been surveying when (in Cynthia's universe) Win had whis-pered through the membrane from whatever Other Side it was that Cynthia and her cronies in Hawaii imagined for him, Cayce herself had put up several, carefully sheathed in plastic, near the barricade at Houston and Varrick, having run them off at the Kinko's nearest her apartment uptown.

Then she e-mails Parkaboy and tells him she'll be in Tokyo the day after tomorrow, and to start thinking about what she'll need to do to deal with Taki. She pauses, about to open the latest from her mother, and remembering that she still hasn't replied to the previous two. Her mother is cynthia@roseoftheworld,com, Rose of the World being an intentional community of sorts, back up in the red-dirt country of Maui. Cayce has never been there but Cynthia has sent pictures. A sprawling, oddly prosaic sixties rancher set back against a red hillside in long sparse grass, that red showing through like some kind of scalp disease. Up there they scrutinize miles of audiotape, some of it fresh from its factory wrap, unused, listening for voices of the dead: EVP freaks, of which Cayce's mother is one from way back.

He keeps the hood up, here, seated in the back of this Starbucks clone, and she's glad of that, as his stubbled scalp disorients her. She's always known him as someone with a shoulder-brushing, center-parted shoe-gazer anti-haircut. It feels like old times, to sit here with him, diagonally opposite Cam-den Town station, wearing damp clothing and nursing large multi-shot lattes. "What about your father?" he asks, brown eyes peering from beneath the black cotton cowl. "No sign. My mother's in Hawaii, picking up messages from him on dead-air sections of audiotape, so she's convinced he's gone." This sounds odd even to her, but how do you say these things? "Fucking hell," he says, with such evident and simple sympathy that she feels like hugging him. "That must be horrible." She nods. Sips from the tall paper cup. "Problems with the insurance, but that's probably just a matter of time." "But you think he's dead?"


pages: 308 words: 98,729

Garbage Land: On the Secret Trail of Trash by Elizabeth Royte

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clean water, Maui Hawaii, Parkinson's law, RAND corporation, Silicon Valley, thinkpad, upwardly mobile, working poor

(If Haley had children, and he didn’t, he’d probably make them play with the biological nutrient called flowers, which come with their own colored powder—pollen.) In the months to come, I’d find people who neither lived nor worked in the Bay Area who were having fun (if not sexy fun) with garbage reduction. Shaun Stenshol, president of Maui Recycling Service, had toyed with the idea of decreeing a Plastic Free Month, but ultimately deemed such a test too easy. Instead, he issued a Zero Waste Challenge. Over the course of four weeks, Maui residents and biodiesel users Bob and Camille Armantrout produced eighty-six pounds of waste, of which all but four (mostly dairy containers and Styrofoam from a new scanner) was recyclable. Alarmed to note that 35 percent of their weight was beer bottles, which they recycled, the Armantrouts vowed to improve.

The invention, in the sixties, of cutting blades that could make mincemeat of the thickest steel allowed Neu to start shredding metal. Smaller pieces were easier to transport and to melt into new shapes: business expanded exponentially. Today, the Hugo Neu Corporation runs the fifth-largest steel recycling operation in the United States (out of about twelve hundred dealers). The company has scrap yards in New England, Los Angeles, Hawaii, New Jersey, the Bronx, and Queens. It was to this last yard that my household metal—less than four pounds of it a month—now went. I stopped in at the Hugo Neu Corporation’s Manhattan headquarters on a winter morning to see Wendy Neu, the company’s vice president for environmental and public affairs, who also happened to be the wife of John Neu, the late Hugo’s son. We’d met a few months earlier at a recycling roundtable.

In 2000, estimates the Container Recycling Institute, beverage distributors in New York retained $140.9 million in unclaimed nickels. Proponents of a bigger, better bottle bill in New York State, which would include sports drinks, water, teas, juices, and other hugely popular “New Age” beverages, are trying to redirect that money—more than $172 million is expected—to recycling and other environmental programs. (Bottle bills in California, Hawaii, and Maine already cover New Age drinks.) Who could argue with an expanded bottle bill? It would keep litter off the streets and beaches, keep solid waste from the landfill, conserve natural resources through recycling, and direct money to environmental programs. (According to the NRDC, such a bill would lighten New York City’s waste stream by 220 tons a day, saving as much as $10 million in curbside collection and disposal costs.)


pages: 426 words: 105,423

The 4-Hour Workweek: Escape 9-5, Live Anywhere, and Join the New Rich by Timothy Ferriss

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Albert Einstein, Amazon Mechanical Turk, call centre, clean water, Donald Trump, en.wikipedia.org, Firefox, follow your passion, game design, global village, Iridium satellite, knowledge worker, late fees, Maui Hawaii, oil shock, paper trading, Parkinson's law, passive income, pre–internet, Ralph Waldo Emerson, remote working, Richard Feynman, risk tolerance, Ronald Reagan, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, Steve Jobs, wage slave, William of Occam

I watched a friend do this up and down dozens of subway and hotel staircases in Europe for three weeks, and—while I laughed a lot, especially when he resorted to just dragging or throwing his bags down stairs—I’d like to save you the breakdown. Trip enjoyment is inversely proportionate to the amount of crap (read: distractions) you bring with you. Practice in 30-plus countries has taught me that minimalist packing can be an art. I returned from Costa Rica last Wednesday and have since landed in Maui, where I’ll stay for one week. What did I pack and why? (See the companion video at www.fourhourblog.com.86) I practice what I’ll label the BIT method of travel: Buy It There. If you pack for every possible contingency—better bring the hiking books in case we go hiking, better bring an umbrella in case it rains, better bring dress shoes and slacks in case we go to a nice restaurant, etc.—carrying a mule-worthy load is inevitable.

I’ve learned to instead allocate $50–200 per trip to a “settling fund,” which I use to buy needed items once they’re 100% needed. This includes cumbersome and hassle items like umbrellas and bottles of sunscreen that love to explode. Also, never buy if you can borrow. If you’re going on a bird-watching trip in Costa Rica, you don’t need to bring binoculars—someone else will have them. Here’s the Maui list. 1 featherweight Marmot Ion jacket (3 oz.!) 1 breathable Coolibar long-sleeve shirt to prevent sunburn. This saved me in Panama. 1 pair of polyester pants. Polyester is light, wrinkle-resistant, and dries quickly. Disco dancers and flashpackers dig it. 1 Kensington laptop lock, also used to secure all bags to stationary objects 1 single Under Armour sock, used to store sunglasses 2 nylon tanktops 1 large MSR quick-dry microfiber towel, absorbs up to seven times its weight in water 1 Ziploc bag containing toothbrush, travel toothpaste, and disposable razor 1 Fly Clear biometric travel card (www.flyclear.com),87 which cuts down my airport wait time about 95% 2 pairs of ExOfficio lightweight underwear.

Disco dancers and flashpackers dig it. 1 Kensington laptop lock, also used to secure all bags to stationary objects 1 single Under Armour sock, used to store sunglasses 2 nylon tanktops 1 large MSR quick-dry microfiber towel, absorbs up to seven times its weight in water 1 Ziploc bag containing toothbrush, travel toothpaste, and disposable razor 1 Fly Clear biometric travel card (www.flyclear.com),87 which cuts down my airport wait time about 95% 2 pairs of ExOfficio lightweight underwear. Their tagline is “17 countries. 6 weeks. And one pair of underwear.” I think I’ll opt for two, considering they weigh about as much as a handful of Kleenex. One other nice side effect of their weight: They’re much more comfortable than normal cotton underwear. 2 pairs of shorts/swimsuits 2 books: Lonely Planet Hawaii and The Entrepreneurial Imperative. (The latter comes highly recommended. Check it out.) 1 sleeping mask and earplugs 1 pair of Reef sandals. Best to get a pair with removable straps that go around the heel. 1 Canon PowerShot SD300 digital camera with extra 2GB SD memory card. God, I love this camera more than words can describe. It is the best designed piece of electronics I have ever owned.


pages: 454 words: 122,612

In-N-Out Burger by Stacy Perman

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anti-communist, British Empire, El Camino Real, estate planning, forensic accounting, Haight Ashbury, Maui Hawaii, McJob, McMansion, new economy, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Upton Sinclair

Sloe-eyed and willowy with chestnut hair, Christina Bradley had a young daughter named Siobhan. The new couple shared a strong Christian faith and a commitment to helping disadvantaged and abused children. “He was just larger than life,” was how his new wife later described him. “He had a magnetism that just drew you to him.” The couple was married in a small green church in Maui. Their fun-filled, 1950s-themed reception was held at the Grand Wailea resort. Although it was small, no expense was spared. Rich paid to fly eighty-two of the couple’s friends and family to Hawaii (Guy and his wife, Lynda, were conspicuously absent from the wedding party). He also had his classic 1957 white Cadillac convertible shipped across the Pacific for the occasion. Rich’s friend and spiritual adviser, Pastor Chuck Smith Jr. of the Cavalry Chapel (son of the church’s founder), presided over the ceremony.

In 1954, the path of the I-10’s expansion in Baldwin Park cut through store Number One and the Snyders tore down the original, rebuilding a new Number One a short distance away. Harry designed the new shop as the now famous double drive-through. In 2004, In-N-Out shuttered the original and built the third of its “Number Ones” on the opposite side of the freeway. (Duke Sherman) THE WEDDING PARTY: Rich and Christina Snyder (center) married on May 2, 1992, in Maui. Almost eighteen months later Rich, Phil West (far left), and Jack Sims (third from left) were killed in a plane crash. (John L. Blom Custom Photography) IN-N-OUT BURGER FAMILY PICNIC: At the annual company outing in 1997, Guy Snyder and his second wife, Kathy Touché, along with her children, Aaron, Andy, and Emily. (Kathy Touché) THE PRESIDENT AND SECRETARY-TREASURER CIRCA LATE 1980S: Despite their great success, Rich and his mother, Esther, loved attending new store openings and visiting with associates.

It was the time when new managers were named. Another hallmark of the annual gala was the announcement of the location of the upcoming year’s 100 Percent Club trips. Esther Snyder loved to travel, and a few years after Rich had begun running In-N-Out, they came up with a special program to reward managers when they reached their goals. Those named to the club (along with their spouses) were awarded first class trips to such places as Hawaii, the Caribbean, Australia, and Europe. During the course of the trips, Rich often invited big-name speakers to continue to inspire the managers. In his mind, In-N-Out managers were just as important as the executives at any Fortune 500 company. That’s why Rich created the annual gala; it’s why he took his executives to numerous cultural events. At a Christmas time performance of the Nutcracker ballet, Rich required his managers to wear tuxedos.


pages: 391 words: 97,018

Better, Stronger, Faster: The Myth of American Decline . . . And the Rise of a New Economy by Daniel Gross

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2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, asset-backed security, Bakken shale, banking crisis, BRICs, British Empire, business process, business process outsourcing, call centre, Carmen Reinhart, clean water, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collateralized debt obligation, credit crunch, currency manipulation / currency intervention, demand response, Donald Trump, Frederick Winslow Taylor, high net worth, housing crisis, hydraulic fracturing, If something cannot go on forever, it will stop, illegal immigration, index fund, intermodal, inventory management, Kenneth Rogoff, labor-force participation, LNG terminal, low skilled workers, Mark Zuckerberg, Martin Wolf, Maui Hawaii, McMansion, mortgage debt, Network effects, new economy, obamacare, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, peak oil, Plutocrats, plutocrats, price stability, quantitative easing, race to the bottom, reserve currency, reshoring, Richard Florida, rising living standards, risk tolerance, risk/return, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, six sigma, Skype, sovereign wealth fund, Steve Jobs, superstar cities, the High Line, transit-oriented development, Wall-E, Yogi Berra, Zipcar

Meanwhile domestic arrivals in Hawaii were down 10 percent between 2007 and 2010.6 Hawaii’s great hope is that Chinese tourists will start to fill in the gaps. “There are more millionaires produced in China every year than any other country in the world,” Juergen T. Steinmetz, president of the Hawaii Tourism Association, told Maui Now. “They can afford to spend $2,000 a day while vacationing, and they want to travel in style and comfort to a destination that understands their cultural desires and language.” Even for a booster, that might be a little boosterish. Still, the ground is being prepared. In 2010 Bank of Hawaii signed a deal with China UnionPay that would permit the 2.1 billion cards (2.1 billion cards!) that UnionPay’s member banks have issued to work in ATMs in Hawaii; Bank of Hawaii pledged to reprogram ATMs to provide Chinese-language options.

This was the first direct flight from China to Hawaii, and in difficult times for the state’s vital tourism industry such milestones offer a ray of hope. Hawaii depends on two principal areas for the bulk of its 7.1 million annual visitors: Japan and the West Coast of the United States. Twenty-five years ago massive luxury-goods temples were erected on Kalakaua Avenue, dedicated to Chanel, Tiffany, and Hugo Boss, to appeal to flush Japanese honeymooners. Lush golf courses were carved out of volcanic soil to appeal to Japanese and American tourists. But both core markets have been depressed for several years. Hawaii attracted 1.2 million visitors from Japan in 2010, down 12 percent from 2006, and the figures cratered in the wake of the March 2011 tsunami. Meanwhile domestic arrivals in Hawaii were down 10 percent between 2007 and 2010.6 Hawaii’s great hope is that Chinese tourists will start to fill in the gaps.

Information on incoming tourism to the United States can be seen at http://tinet.ita.doc.gov/tinews/archive/tinews2011/20110316.html; data on exits and economic impact can be accessed via the portal of ITA’s Office of Travel and Tourism Industries, http://tinet.ita.doc.gov/. 6. On the first Chinese charter to Hawaii, see http://www.hawaiinewsnow.com/Global/story.asp?S=13935812. 7. Author interview with Nahoopii; data on Hawaii tourism come from the Hawaii Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism, http://hawaii.gov/dbedt/info/visitor-stats. 8. Elizabeth Holmes, “Stores Push for Chinese Tourists,” Wall Street Journal, June 9, 2011, http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702304563104576361270343556278.html. 9. On the Saudi king’s visit to New York, see http://www.nypost.com/p/pagesix/saudi_king_takes_york_the_entire_EypM45miPSYGs0Hd90LfVO#ixzz 1YQax0HJo. 10.

Frommer's Israel by Robert Ullian

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airport security, British Empire, car-free, East Village, haute cuisine, Khartoum Gordon, Maui Hawaii, place-making, Silicon Valley, Skype, sustainable-tourism, trade route, urban planning, urban sprawl, Yom Kippur War

Washington State FROMMER’S® DAY BY DAY GUIDES Amsterdam Barcelona Beijing Boston Cancun & the Yucatan Chicago Florence & Tuscany Hong Kong Honolulu & Oahu London Maui Montréal Napa & Sonoma New York City Paris Provence & the Riviera Rome San Francisco Venice Washington D.C. PAULINE FROMMER’S GUIDES: SEE MORE. SPEND LESS. Alaska Hawaii Italy Las Vegas London New York City Paris Walt Disney World® Washington D.C. 22_289693-badvert02.qxp 10/20/08 2:26 PM Page 534 FROMMER’S® PORTABLE GUIDES Acapulco, Ixtapa & Zihuatanejo Amsterdam Aruba, Bonaire & Curacao Australia’s Great Barrier Reef Bahamas Big Island of Hawaii Boston California Wine Country Cancún Cayman Islands Charleston Chicago Dominican Republic Florence Las Vegas Las Vegas for Non-Gamblers London Maui Nantucket & Martha’s Vineyard New Orleans New York City Paris Portland Puerto Rico Puerto Vallarta, Manzanillo & Guadalajara Rio de Janeiro San Diego San Francisco Savannah St.

throughout, with hundreds of photos and maps • Full-color with 1–to–3–day itineraries, neighborhood walks, • Packed and thematic tours literary haunts, offbeat places, and more • Museums, Star-rated hotel and restaurant listings • Sturdy foldout map reclosable plastic wallet • Foldout front coversinwith at-a-glance maps and info • The best trips start here. 22_289693-badvert02.qxp 10/20/08 2:26 PM Page 533 FROMMER’S® COMPLETE TRAVEL GUIDES Alaska Amalfi Coast American Southwest Amsterdam Argentina Arizona Atlanta Australia Austria Bahamas Barcelona Beijing Belgium, Holland & Luxembourg Belize Bermuda Boston Brazil British Columbia & the Canadian Rockies Brussels & Bruges Budapest & the Best of Hungary Buenos Aires Calgary California Canada Cancún, Cozumel & the Yucatán Cape Cod, Nantucket & Martha’s Vineyard Caribbean Caribbean Ports of Call Carolinas & Georgia Chicago Chile & Easter Island China Colorado Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Denmark Denver, Boulder & Colorado Springs Eastern Europe Ecuador & the Galapagos Islands Edinburgh & Glasgow England Europe Europe by Rail Florence, Tuscany & Umbria Florida France Germany Greece Greek Islands Guatemala Hawaii Hong Kong Honolulu, Waikiki & Oahu India Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Kauai Las Vegas London Los Angeles Los Cabos & Baja Madrid Maine Coast Maryland & Delaware Maui Mexico Montana & Wyoming Montréal & Québec City Morocco Moscow & St. Petersburg Munich & the Bavarian Alps Nashville & Memphis New England Newfoundland & Labrador New Mexico New Orleans New York City New York State New Zealand Northern Italy Norway Nova Scotia, New Brunswick & Prince Edward Island Oregon Paris Peru Philadelphia & the Amish Country Portugal Prague & the Best of the Czech Republic Provence & the Riviera Puerto Rico Rome San Antonio & Austin San Diego San Francisco Santa Fe, Taos & Albuquerque Scandinavia Scotland Seattle Seville, Granada & the Best of Andalusia Shanghai Sicily Singapore & Malaysia South Africa South America South Florida South Korea South Pacific Southeast Asia Spain Sweden Switzerland Tahiti & French Polynesia Texas Thailand Tokyo Toronto Turkey USA Utah Vancouver & Victoria Vermont, New Hampshire & Maine Vienna & the Danube Valley Vietnam Virgin Islands Virginia Walt Disney World® & Orlando Washington, D.C.

Whistler FROMMER’S® CRUISE GUIDES Alaska Cruises & Ports of Call Cruises & Ports of Call European Cruises & Ports of Call FROMMER’S® NATIONAL PARK GUIDES Algonquin Provincial Park Banff & Jasper Grand Canyon National Parks of the American West Rocky Mountain Yellowstone & Grand Teton Yosemite and Sequoia & Kings Canyon Zion & Bryce Canyon FROMMER’S® WITH KIDS GUIDES Chicago Hawaii Las Vegas London Toronto Walt Disney World® & Orlando Washington, D.C. National Parks New York City San Francisco FROMMER’S® PHRASEFINDER DICTIONARY GUIDES Chinese French German Italian Japanese Spanish SUZY GERSHMAN’S BORN TO SHOP GUIDES France Hong Kong, Shanghai & Beijing Italy San Francisco Where to Buy the Best of Everything. London New York Paris FROMMER’S® BEST-LOVED DRIVING TOURS Britain California France Germany Ireland Italy New England Northern Italy Scotland Spain Tuscany & Umbria Ireland Las Vegas London Maui Mexico’s Best Beach Resorts Mini Mickey New Orleans New York City Paris San Francisco South Florida including Miami & the Keys Walt Disney World® Walt Disney World® for Grown-ups Walt Disney World® with Kids Washington, D.C.


pages: 492 words: 153,565

Countdown to Zero Day: Stuxnet and the Launch of the World's First Digital Weapon by Kim Zetter

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Ayatollah Khomeini, Brian Krebs, crowdsourcing, data acquisition, Doomsday Clock, Edward Snowden, facts on the ground, Firefox, friendly fire, Google Earth, information retrieval, Julian Assange, Loma Prieta earthquake, Maui Hawaii, pre–internet, RAND corporation, Silicon Valley, skunkworks, smart grid, smart meter, South China Sea, Stuxnet, uranium enrichment, Vladimir Vetrov: Farewell Dossier, WikiLeaks, Y2K, zero day

The company launched in 2008 and its business prospects were so rosy that two years later it raised $30 million in venture capital, followed by $23 million in a subsequent round. In 2011, Endgame CEO Christopher Rouland told a local paper in Atlanta that the company’s revenue was “more than doubling yearly.”6 The stolen e-mails described three different packages Endgame offered, called Maui, Cayman, and Corsica. For $2.5 million a year, the Maui package provided buyers with a bundle of twenty-five zero-day exploits. The Cayman package, which cost $1.5 million, provided intelligence about millions of vulnerable machines worldwide already infected with botnet worms like Conficker and other malware. A sample map in the e-mails showed the location of vulnerable computers in the Russian Federation and a list of infected systems in key government offices and critical infrastructure facilities that included the IP address of each machine and the operating system it used.

In 1997 the military conducted a more organized exercise to measure its defensive capabilities against enemy network attacks. The exercise, dubbed “Eligible Receiver,” pitted a red team of NSA hackers against the networks of the US Pacific Command in Hawaii. The team was prohibited from using inside knowledge to conduct the attack or anything but off-the-shelf tools that were available to ordinary hackers. When the attack began, they launched their offensive through a commercial dial-up internet account and barreled straight into the military’s networks with little resistance. The system administrators in Hawaii, who had no advance knowledge of the exercise, spotted only two of the multiple intrusions the attackers made over the course of ninety days, but even then they thought nothing of the breaches because they resembled the kind of ordinary traffic that administrators expected to see on the network.

The need for a longer lead time is one of the primary drawbacks of digital operations—designing an attack that won’t cascade to nontargeted civilian systems requires advance reconnaissance and planning, making opportunistic attacks difficult.29 More recently, leaks from former NSA systems administrator Edward Snowden have provided some of the most extensive views yet of the government’s shadowy cyber operations in its asymmetric war on terror. The documents describe NSA elite hacker forces at Fort Meade and at regional centers in Georgia, Texas, Colorado, and Hawaii, who provide US Cyber Command with the attack tools and techniques it needs for counterterrorism operations. But the government cyberwarriors have also worked with the FBI and CIA on digital spy operations, including assisting the CIA in tracking targets for its drone assassination campaign. To track Hassan Ghul, an associate of Osama bin Laden who was killed in a drone strike in 2012, the NSA deployed “an arsenal of cyber-espionage tools” to seize control of laptops, siphon audio files, and track radio transmissions—all to determine where Ghul might “bed down” at night, according to Snowden documents obtained by the Washington Post.30 And since 2001, the NSA has also penetrated a vast array of systems used by al-Qaeda associates in Yemen, Africa, and elsewhere to collect intelligence it can’t otherwise obtain through bulk-data collection programs from internet companies like Google and Yahoo or from taps of undersea cables and internet nodes.


pages: 900 words: 241,741

Total Recall: My Unbelievably True Life Story by Arnold Schwarzenegger, Peter Petre

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Berlin Wall, California gold rush, call centre, clean water, cleantech, Donald Trump, financial independence, Golden Gate Park, illegal immigration, index card, Maui Hawaii, Mikhail Gorbachev, oil shale / tar sands, pension reform, risk tolerance, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, stem cell, Y2K

But I could tell that these political pros weren’t just stringing me along. These guys knew me from the campaigning I had done for Wilson. They knew I was funny. They knew I spoke well. They saw me as a serious possibility. — Over the next several weeks, I spent a lot of time out of the state: at an Inner-City Games event in Las Vegas, a Hummer promotion in New York, a visit to Guam, a premiere in Osaka, Japan, and Easter in Maui, Hawaii, with Maria and the kids. But along the way, I started sounding out close friends. Fredi Gerstl, my mentor from Austria, was very supportive. As far as he was concerned, nothing was harder than being a good political leader—so many interests, so many constituents, so many built-in obstacles. It’s like captaining the Titanic as opposed to driving a speedboat. “If you like challenges, this is the best,” he said.

Schwarzenegger Archive This is me kissing me on Halloween, 2001, except that the right-hand Arnold is Maria wearing a Terminator mask. Schwarzenegger Archive As you can tell from the photo above, Halloween is a big deal in the Schwarzenegger house. Schwarzenegger Archive Patrick and Christopher with me behind the governor’s desk in Sacramento. California State Archives / Steven Hellon Trips like this one to Maui during spring break 2007 were a happy change from all the time our family spent apart because of the governorship. Schwarzenegger Archive Katherine draping her long hair over my head for laughs. Schwarzenegger Archive I still love driving my M47 tank from the Austrian army, which now resides at a studio lot outside Los Angeles and appears occasionally in World War II movies. On board with me are Patrick, Christopher (in the tanker’s helmet), and my assistant Greg Dunn.

He came up with a policy that cost $23.60 a month, plus another $5 for disability, which sounded expensive to me because I earned only $65 a week from Weider. But I bought it and must have been one of the few new immigrants in LA with health insurance. Around Thanksgiving 1969 I got an invitation to a December bodybuilding competition and demonstration in Hawaii. The crocodile wrestler had been planning to go home for the holidays, and he said, “I love Hawaii. Why don’t I come with you and hang out and train with you for a few days, and then I’ll go on to Australia from there?” The plan sounded good to me. Besides the obvious attractions of the beaches and the girls, Hawaii offered the chance to get to know Dr. Richard You, a US Olympic team physician who practiced there, and to visit weight-lifting legends like Tommy Kono, Timothy Leon, and Harold “Oddjob” Sakata (whom I already knew from Munich). So my buddy and I went to Joe Weider and asked if he knew the promoters and what he thought about me going.


pages: 218 words: 63,471

How We Got Here: A Slightly Irreverent History of Technology and Markets by Andy Kessler

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Albert Einstein, Andy Kessler, automated trading system, bank run, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Bretton Woods, British Empire, buttonwood tree, Claude Shannon: information theory, Corn Laws, Edward Lloyd's coffeehouse, fiat currency, floating exchange rates, Fractional reserve banking, full employment, Grace Hopper, invention of the steam engine, invention of the telephone, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Jacquard loom, Jacquard loom, James Hargreaves, James Watt: steam engine, John von Neumann, joint-stock company, joint-stock limited liability company, Joseph-Marie Jacquard, Maui Hawaii, Menlo Park, Metcalfe's law, packet switching, price mechanism, probability theory / Blaise Pascal / Pierre de Fermat, profit motive, railway mania, RAND corporation, Silicon Valley, Small Order Execution System, South Sea Bubble, spice trade, spinning jenny, Steve Jobs, supply-chain management, supply-chain management software, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, transatlantic slave trade, tulip mania, Turing machine, Turing test, William Shockley: the traitorous eight

More than three decades later it 146 HOW WE GOT HERE still happens to people like me several times a week. But the Internet was born. A Santa Barbara IMP went up in November and Utah in December 1969. One of the researchers at the Stanford site, Norm Abramson, was a surfer dude who spent a lot of time in Hawaii. The University of Hawaii had locations scattered across the Islands and was trying to figure out how to hook up a data network between them. It couldn’t afford to run undersea cable and modems were too slow, so they hit on the idea of using radio signals to transmit data. The problem was interference. Maui might transmit at the same time and step on the Big Island’s signal. It could use packet networks, but that didn’t solve the interference problem. In 1970, Abramson devised a system that checked for errors in the packets received. If the packets had errors, the receiver wouldn’t send an acknowledgement signal back.


pages: 256 words: 15,765

The New Elite: Inside the Minds of the Truly Wealthy by Dr. Jim Taylor

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British Empire, call centre, dark matter, Donald Trump, estate planning, full employment, glass ceiling, income inequality, Jeff Bezos, Louis Pasteur, Maui Hawaii, McMansion, means of production, passive income, performance metric, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Plutonomy: Buying Luxury, Explaining Global Imbalances, Ronald Reagan, stealth mode startup, Steve Jobs, Thorstein Veblen, trickle-down economics, women in the workforce

Throughout our research, we have been fortunate to have sponsors who devoted their time and thought to helping us refine our research, focus our sampling methodology, and fine-tune the implications for their specific categories. These sponsors include AgencySacks, American Honda, Bank of America, Bank of New York, Mellon, Bombardier Flexjet, Cadillac, Cartier, Chanel, Fairmont Hotels & Resorts, Fireman’s Fund Insurance, Four Seasons Hotels & Resorts, Gucci, Infiniti, Leading Real Estate Companies of the World, Lexus, Lincoln, Louis Vuitton, Lyle Anderson, Maui Land & WHEN WE ADD 225 226 Appendix Pineapple Company, Mercedes-Benz, Neuberger Berman, Saks Fifth Avenue, U.S. Trust, and Union Bank of California. Our Three Surveys To date we have conducted three large syndicated studies of the affluent and wealthy in America. In each, we have used a variety of methodological techniques to ensure that our samples of individuals are demographically and psychologically representative of today’s financial elite.

Indeed, when we ask them what they are most likely to Tab le 5- 2 U se of se r v ic es on a f ul l- ti me or r eg ul ar ba si s Service % Claiming Use of Lawn maintenance/gardener 66 Housecleaning service 58 Personal accountant 45 Stockbroker 38 Handyman 32 Wealth advisor 31 Travel agent 25 Masseuse/masseur 22 Jeweler 20 Personal trainer 19 Personal Stylist 14 Interior designer 14 Live-in housekeeper/domestic help 13 Psychologist/psychiatrist 12 Nanny/Au pair 10 Personal assistant 11 Personal driver 7 Personal shopper 6 Personal chef/cook 5 Money Matters 77 splurge on, travel is mentioned more frequently than any other category. They average over five vacations a year, spending an average of more than $35,000, although many spend much more. Their travel destinations are diverse and dispersed (see Table 5-3). Interestingly, their top two domestic travel destinations are the two capitals of American shopping: New York City and Las Vegas. Hawaii, the Caribbean, and Europe are common destinations as well. The wealthy average more than twenty nights annually in hotels for personal stays; about half typically spend less than $300 a night, but nearly one in four typically spends over $400 a night. They are frequent business travelers as well, averaging over eight trips and twenty nights in hotels for business purposes, giving them the perks of business travel—frequent-flier miles for free personal trips and first-class upgrades, hotel points for free personal hotel stays, and the opportunity to ‘‘piggyback’’ personal trips and experiences onto business trips.

On many attitudinal measures, the affluent (top 5 percent) are similar to the wealthy, but when it comes to travel, the wealthy spend three or four times as much as those just slightly lower on the economic totem pole. In air travel, for example, the affluent struggle Tab le 5- 3 Tra ve l d es ti na ti on s o f t he we al th y ( % o f t ho se su r v ey ed ) Plan Travel in Next Year (in Lower 48 States) Plan Travel in Next 2 years (Outside Lower 48 States) New York, NY 47 Italy 38 Las Vegas, NV 41 Caribbean & West Indies 36 Chicago, IL 31 Hawaii 36 Boston, MA 32 United Kingdom 34 Los Angeles, CA 30 France 29 San Francisco, CA 27 Mexico 27 Washington, DC 25 Canada 21 Aspen/Denver, CO 25 Australia 17 Orlando 24 Spain 16 Miami 24 Ireland/China (tied) 14 78 The New Elite with the psychological trade-offs of paying an extra $3,000 for a few hours in a first-class seat that is just a few inches larger than a regular seat.


pages: 251 words: 63,630

The End of Cheap China: Economic and Cultural Trends That Will Disrupt the World by Shaun Rein

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business climate, credit crunch, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, facts on the ground, glass ceiling, high net worth, illegal immigration, income per capita, indoor plumbing, job-hopping, Maui Hawaii, price stability, quantitative easing, Silicon Valley, Skype, South China Sea, Steve Jobs, thinkpad, trade route, trickle-down economics, upwardly mobile, urban planning, women in the workforce, young professional

The sales clerks all said that mainland-Chinese shoppers account for 60 percent of luxury item sales, while Brazilians account for 20 percent. Just five years ago, the majority of sales were to Americans. Today, the average Chinese tourist spends $7,000 per trip to the United States. They are also the highest-spending tourists per capita in France. To attract more sales, therefore, brands should hire Mandarin-speaking sales clerks, much as many retailers on the Gold Coast in Australia and Maui in Hawaii hired Japanese-speaking staff in the 1980s. The British retailer Harrods announced that their sales to affluent Chinese in the first quarter of 2011 soared 40 percent after they installed 75 ATMs that accept UnionPay cards, which let shoppers deduct funds directly from their bank accounts in China. Similarly, Hilton Hotels & Resorts announced that in 50 key hotels around the world, they would have one Mandarin-speaking front-desk clerk to welcome Chinese guests, and would have slippers and tea kettles, to which Chinese are accustomed, available in rooms.


pages: 406 words: 113,841

The American Way of Poverty: How the Other Half Still Lives by Sasha Abramsky

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2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, bank run, big-box store, collective bargaining, deindustrialization, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, full employment, ghettoisation, Gini coefficient, housing crisis, illegal immigration, immigration reform, income inequality, indoor plumbing, job automation, Mark Zuckerberg, Maui Hawaii, microcredit, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, new economy, Occupy movement, offshore financial centre, payday loans, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, Potemkin village, profit motive, Ronald Reagan, school vouchers, upwardly mobile, War on Poverty, Washington Consensus, women in the workforce, working poor, working-age population, Works Progress Administration

When she was 13, she recounted, sitting in her small plywood home on the edge of the rainforest, deep within the impoverished backwoods of the Puna District, on Hawaii’s Big Island, she was raped. “I swore I would never raise my kids the way I was raised. I’ve never beat them. They’ve had spankings, yeah, when they got in trouble. But I never beat them. I had to change me. My foster mom told me, “To change you, you’ve got to be strong.’ I’m strong. I’m not afraid of anyone but God. No one else can change me.” Two of her children had steered clear of crime, and now had decent jobs. But the other two—the oldest and the youngest—were frequently in trouble with the law. Emily had worked many jobs over the years, including a half-decade stint working the guava fields of Hawaii, some time spent trimming cauliflowers in California, more time compounding and waxing cars on Maui, and a period collecting and recycling aluminum cans.

So, too, in Prokop’s daily scramble to survive, to pay her bills, to keep her house her own and her utilities on, and to retain her sense of hope while so doing, was her story related to that of Cruzanta Mercado and Paul Abiley, in their Heath Robinson plywood cabin in Hawaii, a continent and half an ocean away from Appalachian Pennsylvania. The young couple were still struggling to make ends meet and to navigate basic daily rituals that most Americans had long since been able to stop worrying about: making sure they could keep a few naked bulbs lit with electricity provided by a small generator; running down the unpaved road they lived on at the edge of the jungle in Hawaii’s Puna district to Paul’s uncle’s house when they needed to use the toilet. It was also, in its desperation, similar to the story of the 65-year-old restaurant owner I met an hour’s drive from Prokop, who had had to drop her and her husband’s health insurance several years earlier because the cost had risen to an unaffordable $16,000 per year.

But it’s hard to lift yourself out of this malaise if it’s the only thing you’ve known, and you’re without healthcare and without reliable childcare. In this economy, many have fallen into poverty through no fault of their own. Many of these folks have lived, quote, “middle-income lives,” and have found themselves in this economic climate falling further behind. CHAPTER TWO BLAME GAMES Paul Abiley and Cruzanta Mercado, standing in the home that they built for themselves on the edge of the rainforest, on Hawaii’s Big Island. Because we use such simplistic language to explain poverty, we oftentimes find it easier to pile blame on the poor for their plight rather than to look for ways to tackle poverty. After all, it’s easy to castigate someone; it’s much harder to truly understand his or her circumstances. Both major political parties have been guilty of this sleight of hand in recent decades, though the Republicans, and their talk radio allies, have taken it to new levels—turning verbal denigration of the poor into something of an art form.


pages: 319 words: 105,949

Skyfaring: A Journey With a Pilot by Mark Vanhoenacker

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British Empire, Cape to Cairo, computer age, dark matter, Edmond Halley, John Harrison: Longitude, Louis Blériot, Maui Hawaii, out of africa, phenotype, place-making, planetary scale, Ralph Waldo Emerson, random walk, the built environment, transcontinental railway

South of Newfoundland, in the vicinity of the historic Grand Banks fishing grounds, is the waypoint BANCS; further north along the Canadian coast lie SCROD and PRAWN. Sometimes there are multiple waypoints with the same name, and when we type one into a flight computer, it will ask us which of these homonymous, far-scattered places we mean to navigate toward. There are five SHARK waypoints—one east of Sydney, the others off the islands of Jersey, Maui, Taiwan, and Trinidad. Near the Isle of Man is KELLY, in reference to an old music-hall song called “Kelly from the Isle of Man.” Off England’s Channel coast are DRAKE—for Sir Francis—and HARDY—for Sir Thomas, the old friend to whom Lord Nelson, as he lay dying on the deck of his flagship, was heard to say: “Kiss me, Hardy,” and “God bless you, Hardy.” On sky maps of the Tasman Sea, the triangles that denote the waypoints hanging like notes on a musical staff arcing toward New Zealand are marked WALTZ, INGMA, and TILDA—a reference to Australia’s unofficial anthem, “Waltzing Matilda”—while many thousands of miles west, running north to south over hundreds of miles of Indian Ocean off Western Australia, is a lyrical sequence that begins WONSA, JOLLY, SWAGY, CAMBS, BUIYA, BYLLA, and BONGS—“Once a jolly swagman camped by a billabong…” Continental Europe has fewer locally themed waypoints, or at least fewer that are apparent to an English speaker, though off the Dutch coast floats TULIP, and it’s easy to speculate about SASKI—Rembrandt’s wife was Saskia.

Such air feels and smells different from the conditioned environment; it hits me like a transgression, but also a blessing of place—a sudden blast of place lag, perhaps, but also the first breath of what will eventually remedy it. Honolulu, with an open-sided, though still covered, terminal, is a rare exception in the world of large airports. I was dumbfounded when I first walked through it, not by the volumes it speaks about Hawaii’s weather, but by what was for me the extraordinary sensation of natural, fragrant air washing though the sanitized realm of global aviation. If the enclosed airspace of the world—“breathing what is called air,” in poet W. S. Merwin’s description of waiting in an airport’s atmosphere—is a sad thing, an effacement of place or a modern excess of insulation and comfort, it has the advantage that it makes arrival in the true air of a city much more vivid.

But it’s easy to imagine that the so-called Protestant wind that blew the Spanish Armada away from England might have become a general term for the east wind (“Popish” winds blew, too, a century later, to delay the arrival of William of Orange). America retains a few named winds, such as the Santa Anas of southern California and the Chinook, and even a fictitious wind, the Maria, from the Gold Rush musical Paint Your Wagon (from which the singer Mariah Carey gets her name and its pronunciation). Hawaii once had hundreds of named winds; whether you could list a place’s winds and rains there was a test of whether you were truly a local. Imagine looking up one morning and seeing a Nile or an Amazon in the sky, in a slightly darker blue, a shimmering, partly reflective navy hue, twisting and curling in the north sky over your hometown, and migrating to the southern sky by the time you go out for lunch.


pages: 309 words: 100,573

Cockpit Confidential: Everything You Need to Know About Air Travel: Questions, Answers, and Reflections by Patrick Smith

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airline deregulation, airport security, Atul Gawande, call centre, Captain Sullenberger Hudson, collective bargaining, inflight wifi, low cost carrier, Maui Hawaii, Mercator projection, New Urbanism, pattern recognition, race to the bottom, Skype, Tenerife airport disaster

Many of the outwardly arbitrary ones are carryovers from former names for the airport. MCO is derived from McCoy Field, the original name for Orlando International. Chicago O’Hare’s identifier, ORD, pays honors to the old Orchard Field. Others are geographical associations or personal tributes, some more obscure than others. In Rio de Janeiro your plane will land at Galeão, on Governor’s Island (Ilha do Governador), lending to GIG. On Maui, OGG is homage to Bertram Hogg (spoken with a silent H), Hawaii native and Pacific flying pioneer. In one of those moments of American puritanical excess, a campaign was launched in 2002 to change the identifier for Sioux City, Iowa, from SUX to something less objectionable. The campaign failed and the letters, along with some pleasantly roguish charm, were retained. The Finns don’t mind HEL as their capital city, and neither do the Syrians have a problem with DAM.

You didn’t grab a last minute seat for $99 and pop over to Las Vegas—or to Mallorca or Phuket—for a long weekend. Flying was a luxury, and people indulged sporadically, if at all. In 1939, aboard Pan Am’s Dixie Clipper, it cost $750 to fly round-trip between New York and France. That’s equal to well over $11,000 in today’s money. In 1970, it cost the equivalent of $2,700 to fly from New York to Hawaii. Things changed. Planes, for one, became more efficient. Aircraft like the 707 and the 747 made long-haul travel affordable to the masses. Then the effects of deregulation kicked in, changing forever the way airlines competed. Fares plummeted, and passengers poured in. Yes, flying became more aggravating and less comfortable. It also became affordable for almost everybody. I have learned never to underestimate the contempt people hold for airlines and the degree to which they hate to fly.

All around them maneuver nimble packs of RJs and LCCs, either circling voraciously or going happily about their business, depending how you see it. Has intense competition not provided an upside for the consumer, however? Passengers have reaped the benefit of dirt-cheap tickets, for one. As I mentioned in this book’s introduction, in 1939, it cost the equivalent of over $6,000 for a round-trip ticket between New York and France. As recently as the 1970s, flying from New York to Hawaii cost nearly $3,000. On my bookshelf at home is an old American Airlines ticket receipt. It’s a flea market find dating from 1946. That year, somebody named James Connors paid $334 to fly each direction between Ireland and New York. That’s equal to $3,690 today—one way. In 2013, you can pick up an off-season round-trip on that route for less than $600. The real cost of air travel—the price of a ticket adjusted for inflation—has fallen sharply in the years since deregulation, despite tremendous surges in the cost of oil.


pages: 323 words: 92,135

Running Money by Andy Kessler

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Andy Kessler, Apple II, bioinformatics, British Empire, business intelligence, buy low sell high, call centre, Corn Laws, family office, full employment, George Gilder, happiness index / gross national happiness, interest rate swap, invisible hand, James Hargreaves, James Watt: steam engine, joint-stock company, joint-stock limited liability company, knowledge worker, Long Term Capital Management, mail merge, margin call, market bubble, Maui Hawaii, Menlo Park, Network effects, packet switching, pattern recognition, pets.com, railway mania, risk tolerance, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, spinning jenny, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Toyota Production System

“And a system that was designed to help maintain command and control for the president is now obliterating command and control for everyone else?” “That’s right.” “Amazing.” One of the researchers at the Stanford site, Norm Abramson, was a surfer dude who spent a lot of time in Hawaii. The University of Hawaii had locations scattered across the islands and was trying Packet Racket 187 to figure out how to hook up a data network among them. They couldn’t afford to run cable undersea to connect their computers, and modems were too slow, so they hit on the idea of using radio signals to transmit data. The problem though was interference. Maui might transmit at the same time and step on the Big Island’s signal. They could use packet networks, but that didn’t solve the interference problem. In 1970, Abramson devised a system for them that checked for errors in the packets received.

See Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Tsuji, Haruo, 157–58 turbine engine, 94–95 Tut Systems, 145, 217, 219 Tyco, 290 UCLA, 184, 185, 187 unfair competitive advantage, 45, 248 Union Carbide, 236 Uniphase, 176, 177 United Airlines, 246, 292, 293 United Auto Workers, 241, 243 University of California, Los Angeles, 184, 185, 187 312 Index University of California, Santa Barbara, 187 University of Hawaii, 186–87 University of Illinois, 187, 195, 197, 199 University of Utah, 187 UNIX, 191 Upside (magazine), 40, 195 US Air, 292, 293 uucp, 191 UUNET, 199 Valentine, Don, 42, 45, 67, 80, 81, 96, 205, 212 VCs. See venture capitalists venture capitalists, 130, 138, 139, 144–45, 194, 197–98, 201 VentureStar, 3 Verity, 97 Versant, 60–63, 96 Vietnam, 281 Visigenic, 106 Vonderschmitt, Bernie, 129–31 voodoo economics, 276 Wall Street Journal, 216, 259 Wal-Mart, 78, 255 WANS, 188, 199 Warner Brothers, 71 warships, 95 watches, digital, 127–28 waterfalls (big-time trends), 73, 77–79, 225, 279, 295 Water Frame, 65 Watt, James, 53–55, 57, 65, 66, 78, 89, 91, 95, 125–26, 190, 268 wealth, 278, 280 creation of, 248, 257, 275–76, 296 family offices and, 109–10 intellectual property and, 263 meaning of, 233–35 weaving, 64–65, 66 Web.


pages: 549 words: 147,112

The Lost Bank: The Story of Washington Mutual-The Biggest Bank Failure in American History by Kirsten Grind

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asset-backed security, bank run, banking crisis, big-box store, call centre, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collateralized debt obligation, corporate governance, housing crisis, Maui Hawaii, mortgage debt, naked short selling, NetJets, shareholder value, short selling, Skype, too big to fail, Y2K

They took helicopter rides or excursions around whichever tropical paradise they were visiting. “You were treated like some kind of dignitary in a country full of people who worshipped you,” said one repeat attendee. The crux of the event was a black-tie awards dinner, an outlandish affair that typically devolved into a night of after-hours partying, filled with drinking and sex. Managers often danced on tables. At David Schneider’s first President’s Club, held in early 2006 in Maui, someone had chosen the Academy Awards as the theme of the awards dinner. The salespeople, women in thin-strapped dresses and expertly styled hair, men in tuxedos and bow ties, streamed into a windowed conference center perched over the Pacific Ocean. In keeping with the theme, the attendees walked in on a long red carpet, partitioned off by ropes, behind which WaMu-hired photographers snapped photos like paparazzi.

The difference between those two numbers was what caused Washington Mutual, and 80 percent of the banks like it across the country, to bleed so much money. Meanwhile, new customers, scared of the much higher rate, didn’t want to take out a mortgage. The situation was so bad that Washington Mutual had stopped making mortgages for several months. Over the next few years, the federal government would step in and rescue more than four dozen banks.4 Washington Mutual had another problem: Hawaii. Its former president Wally Eldridge had decided Hawaii was the next frontier, promising several developers of large condominium complexes that Washington Mutual would supply the mortgages, to the tune of tens of millions of dollars. It was a promise the bank couldn’t keep. In 1978, Washington Mutual had made the most money it had ever brought in during one year, ever: $18 million. Only three years later, it would lose $32 million

Once Pepper tried to fire someone, but the employee left the room believing he had been given a promotion. Another executive had to relay the bad news. His background, which employees heard in bits and pieces, helped endear him to people. Pepper had enlisted in the Army Air Corps during World War II and graduated from cadet school in the summer of 1944. The Army trained him and his buddies to fly two types of combat planes and then shipped them to Hawaii, where they waited to relieve another group in Okinawa. But soon afterward the war ended. Pepper never fought anyone, and that was fine with him. At least he had managed to secure a free college education, through the GI Bill. Pepper wasn’t sure what he wanted to do. He had previously enrolled in the University of Wisconsin as a science major. After the war, he opted for economics and then decided to get a law degree, too.


pages: 390 words: 115,769

Healthy at 100: The Scientifically Proven Secrets of the World's Healthiest and Longest-Lived Peoples by John Robbins

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clean water, collective bargaining, Community Supported Agriculture, Donald Trump, happiness index / gross national happiness, illegal immigration, indoor plumbing, land reform, life extension, Maui Hawaii, meta analysis, meta-analysis, randomized controlled trial, Silicon Valley, telemarketer

So I just got out there and swam until I couldn’t lift my arms, biked until I couldn’t pedal anymore, ran until I couldn’t run another step and lifted as many pounds as I could without injuring myself. To simulate actual racing conditions, I entered every race I could find. If there were two on the same day, so much the better, because that would force me to race when tired, a condition I knew I’d face doing the Ironman. I entered “The Run to the Sun,” a 37-mile run up to the top of Haleakala, a 10,000-foot-high mountain on the island of Maui, Hawaii. I remember reaching the twenty-six-mile point and looking back at the ocean far, far, below, not believing that these two legs had already carried me the equivalent of a full marathon, straight uphill. Then I turned back toward the mountaintop, still more than ten miles beyond. My internal response was I don’t have it in me; I just can’t do it. My next thought was, Listen, Lady, if you think this is rough, just wait until you get in the Iron-man!

OKINAWA The southernmost Japanese prefecture (state) of Okinawa is made up of 161 beautiful islands that are the dwelling place of 1.4 million people. Adorned with palm trees and blessed with an abundance of flora, fauna, and pristine rain forest, these subtropical islands form an archipelago stretching for eight hundred miles between the main Japanese islands and Taiwan. Okinawa is often called “Japan’s Hawaii” because the weather is so pleasant, with an average temperature of 82 degrees Fahrenheit in July and 61 in January. To most North Americans, Okinawa is known for being home to the largest American military presence in the Far East as well as for having been the site of the longest and bloodiest battle of World War II. Some of us recall that more people were killed during the Battle of Okinawa than were killed by the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki combined.

., is a cardiologist and geriatrician, professor emeritus and former director of the Department of Community Medicine at the University of the Ryukyus in Okinawa. Currently he is the chair of the Division of Gerontology at Okinawa International University. He has written more than two hundred peer-reviewed scientific publications. Bradley Willcox, M.D., is physician-investigator in geriatrics at the Pacific Health Research Institute and clinical assistant professor in the Department of Geriatrics, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii. He is also the principal investigator of the U.S. National Institutes of Health–funded study “Genetics of Exceptional Longevity in Okinawan Centenarians.” D. Craig Willcox, Ph.D., is a medical anthropologist and geron-tologist. A professor at Okinawa Prefectural University, he is also a research associate with Harvard University’s New England Centenarian Study. I emphasize the credentials of the Okinawa Centenarian Study’s authors in order to make the point that the people who have developed the extraordinary body of information we have about health and longevity in Okinawa are a group of well-respected clinicians and scientists.

The Old Patagonian Express by Paul Theroux

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anti-communist, Atahualpa, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, Francisco Pizarro, Khyber Pass, Mahatma Gandhi, Maui Hawaii, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcontinental railway

And when I read such a book and I spot the fakery, the invention. the embroidery, [can read no funher. Self-dramatization is inevitable in any trave! book; most travelers, however dreary and plonkingly pedestrian, sec themselves as solitary and rather heroic adventurers. But the odd thing i s that the real heroes of travel seldom write about their journeys. In 1988 a man paddled a kayak from San Diego across thirty.five hundred miles of the Pacific 10 Maui in the Hawaiian Islands. It was II linle item in the paper, because he almost died - he was without rood and water for the last three days of his sixty-three·day trip. He has never wrinen about this interesting ordeal, and yet I have just received a thick book detailing the lrll\'e!S of II young mlln through metropolitan France ("essential reading for Francophiles. Franeophobes, gourmets, gourmands, and any curious traveler in truly modcm Gaul"). as though lhis overprivileged, easy, and hackneyed placc is some son of terra incognita.

There's our pipeline. I wanted to go to bed with her right away - I suppose it was me being sick and her being my nurse. It happens a lot. But she said, "Not till we're married."' He winced and continued. 'It was a quiet ceremony. Afterwards, we went to Hawaii. Not Honolulu, but one of the little islands. It was Paul Theroux The Old Patagonian Express, By Train Through the Americas Page 91 beautiful - jungle, beaches, flowers. She hated it. "It's too quiet," she said. Born and raised in a little town in New Hampshire, a one-horse town - you've seen them - and she goes to Hawaii and says it's too quiet. She wanted to go to night-clubs. There weren't any night-clubs. She had enormous breasts, but she wouldn't let me touch them. "You make them hurt." I was going crazy. And she had a thing about cleanliness. Every day of our honeymoon we went down to the launderette and I sat outside and read the paper while she did the wash.

His was in a sense a typical curmudgeonly snobbery about travel, a bragging about the glory of travelling through trackless woods with a pack of Indians and mule-skinners (Evelyn Waugh fills the Introduction toWhen The Going Was Good - the curmudgeon's catch-phrase - with the same grumpy boasts). 'Old travellers know how soon the individuality of a country is lost when once the tide of foreign travel is turned through its towns or its by-ways,' writes William T. Brigham in hisGuatemala. (I think he is the same William Brigham who nearly electrocuted himself in Hawaii when he touched a wooden stick which a native magician had loaded with some high voltage mumbo-jumbo.) Brigham soon makes his fears particular: 'When the Northern Railroad extends through Guatemala, when the Transcontinental Railway traverses the plains of Honduras, and the Nicaraguan Canal unites the Atlantic and the Pacific, the charm will be broken, the mulepath and the mozo de cargo (carrier of bundles) will be supplanted, and a journey across Central America become almost as dull as a journey from Chicago to Cheyenne.'


pages: 380 words: 118,675

The Everything Store: Jeff Bezos and the Age of Amazon by Brad Stone

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3D printing, airport security, AltaVista, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Amazon Web Services, bank run, Bernie Madoff, big-box store, Black Swan, book scanning, Brewster Kahle, call centre, centre right, Clayton Christensen, cloud computing, collapse of Lehman Brothers, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, Danny Hillis, Douglas Hofstadter, Elon Musk, facts on the ground, game design, housing crisis, invention of movable type, inventory management, James Dyson, Jeff Bezos, Kevin Kelly, Kodak vs Instagram, late fees, loose coupling, low skilled workers, Maui Hawaii, Menlo Park, Network effects, new economy, optical character recognition, pets.com, Ponzi scheme, quantitative hedge fund, recommendation engine, Renaissance Technologies, RFID, Rodney Brooks, search inside the book, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, six sigma, skunkworks, Skype, statistical arbitrage, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, Thomas L Friedman, Tony Hsieh, Whole Earth Catalog, why are manhole covers round?

Bezos no longer entrusted the introverted programmer with any real management responsibility, but he did express an appreciation and a fondness for Kaphan. In the fall of 1998, Bezos told Kaphan to pack his bags and accompany him on a trip to check out a potential acquisition target. Then he surprised Kaphan with what he dubbed the Shelebration, a weekend in Hawaii to celebrate Kaphan’s four-year anniversary at Amazon. Bezos flew in colleagues and Kaphan’s family and friends and put everyone up for three days in private cabins on a Maui beach. Every attendee received an ornamental tile coaster emblazoned with a picture of Kaphan wearing a goofy Cat in the Hat hat. That weekend spawned a fortuitous relationship for Bezos. One of Kaphan’s friends who came on the trip was Stewart Brand, the founder of the Whole Earth Catalog. Brand and his wife, Ryan, bonded with Bezos and MacKenzie, forging a connection that led to Bezos’s involvement in the Clock of the Long Now, an aspirational project aimed at building a massive mechanical clock designed to measure time for ten thousand years, a way to promote long-term thinking.

Brand and his wife, Ryan, bonded with Bezos and MacKenzie, forging a connection that led to Bezos’s involvement in the Clock of the Long Now, an aspirational project aimed at building a massive mechanical clock designed to measure time for ten thousand years, a way to promote long-term thinking. A few years later, as a direct result of that weekend, Bezos would become the biggest financial backer of the 10,000-Year Clock and agree to install it on property he owned in Texas. But Kaphan grimaced through the Hawaii weekend. He says he felt like “the guy getting the gold watch who has not retired yet.” Two promises were in conflict with each other. Bezos had pledged to Kaphan that he could keep his job forever. But Amazon’s founder also promised the company and his investors that he would always raise the hiring bar and that Amazon would live or die based on its ability to recruit great engineers. Rick Dalzell and Joel Spiegel were adept at the political martial arts that occurred inside big companies.

His wife chartered a private plane for her husband, herself, and Dalzell’s parents. Strangely, their driver took them not to their usual airport but to a private airfield down the street from Boeing Field. Dalzell finally started to notice something was amiss when the car pulled up to a familiar hangar sheltering a Dassault Falcon. When he walked into the airplane, he found it full of friends, colleagues, and Jeff Bezos, all of whom shouted, “Surprise!” They were going to Hawaii for a gala given in appreciation of Dalzell’s longtime service, just like the Shelebration for Shel Kaphan nine years before. Bezos and MacKenzie invited Andy Jassy and his wife, former colleague Bruce Jones, and a bunch of Dalzell’s family friends and army buddies. They stayed in bungalows on a beach in Kona. Butlers were on call, and a sushi chef appeared at four o’clock every afternoon. Lengthy toasts were proffered over dinners, and one day they took an aerial tour of Volcanoes National Park, but in the jet, not a helicopter.

Jennifer Morgue by Stross, Charles

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call centre, correlation does not imply causation, disintermediation, dumpster diving, Etonian, haute couture, interchangeable parts, Maui Hawaii, mutually assured destruction, planetary scale, RFID, Silicon Valley, Skype, slashdot, stem cell, telepresence, traveling salesman, Turing machine

I pull on a fresh pair of black jeans, a faded Scary Devil Monastery tee shirt, and a pair of rubber-soled socks: I feel much better immediately. It's as if my brain is slowly rebooting, just like the Media Center PC. It might all be for nothing if the bloody thing isn't netwotked, but you never know until you try to find out; and I might be suffering from acute cravings for unfiltered Turkish cigarettes, but at least now I know why. It's like finding out that the reason your machine's running slow is because some virus-writing spod from Maui has shanghaied it into a botnet and is using your bandwidth to spam penis enlargement ads across the Ukraine; it's a pain in the neck, but knowing what's going on is the first step to dealing with it. The boot sequence is complete. It's amazing what you can cram into a memory stick these days: it loads a Linux kernel with some very heavily customized device drivers, looks around, scratches its head, spawns a virtual machine, and rolls right on to load the Media Center operating system on top.

Its hull is clearly damaged, not crumpled but burst open as if from some great internal pressure. Nevertheless, it is still recognizable as an artificial structure. "We believe this was the real target of K-129's abortive operation. It's located on the floor of the Pacific, approximately 600 nautical miles southwest of Hawaii and, by no coincidence at all, on the K-129's course prior to the unfortunate onboard explosion that resulted in the submarine's loss with all hands." SLIDE 8: Not a photograph but a false-color synthetic relief image of the floor of the Pacific basin, southwest of Hawaii. The image is contoured to represent depth, and colored to convey some other attribute. Virulent red spots dot the depths — except for a single, much shallower one. "Graviweak neutrino imaging spectroscopes carried aboard the SPAN-2 Earth resources satellite are a good way of pinpointing BLUE HADES colonies.

Instead, BLUE HADES appear to control inaccessible condensed matter states by varying the fine-structure constant and tunneling photinos — super-symmetrical photon analogs that possess mass — between nodes where they want to do things. One side effect of this is neutrino emissions at a very characteristic spectrum, unlike anything we get from the sun or from our own nuclear reactors. This is a density scan for the zone around the K-129 and Hawaii, As you can see, that isolated shallow point — near where the K-129 went down — is rather strong. There's an active power source in there, and it's not connected to the rest of the BLUE HADES grid as far as we can tell. The site is classified, incidentally, and is known as Site One.' SLIDE 9: A rock face, evidently inside a mine, is illuminated by spotlights. Workers in overalls and hard hats surround it, and are evidently working on something — possibly a fossil — with small hand-tools.


pages: 372 words: 111,573

10% Human: How Your Body's Microbes Hold the Key to Health and Happiness by Alanna Collen

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Asperger Syndrome, Barry Marshall: ulcers, Berlin Wall, biofilm, clean water, correlation does not imply causation, discovery of penicillin, Drosophila, Fall of the Berlin Wall, friendly fire, germ theory of disease, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, illegal immigration, John Snow's cholera map, Louis Pasteur, Maui Hawaii, meta analysis, meta-analysis, microbiome, phenotype, placebo effect, the scientific method

The more insight we gather into the importance and the consequences of a natural birth, and extended, exclusive breast-feeding, the more empowered we will be to give both ourselves and our children the best chance of lives of health and happiness. EIGHT Microbial Restoration On the evening of 29 November 2006, as 35-year-old counsellor Peggy Kan Hai drove through the rain to meet a client on the island of Maui, in Hawaii, she was hit by a motorcyclist travelling at 162 mph. Pinned inside the wreckage of her car, bleeding from her head and mouth, she slipped in and out of consciousness. The young man who had hit her died on the road amongst the debris of his bike. In 2011, after five years of surgeries to repair injuries to her head and legs, Peggy’s damaged left foot became necrotic. With her life at risk from the spreading sepsis, Peggy had no choice but to have surgery to partially amputate her foot, and fuse the bones of her ankle together.

There was one other treatment option available. Peggy had heard through a friend whose sister worked as a hospital nurse that some patients with untreatable diarrhoea were being given a new therapy, available only at a handful of hospitals worldwide. Apparently, they were getting better. Peggy was willing to try anything. A few phone calls to one such hospital later, and Peggy was booking flights from Hawaii to California for the treatment. Her husband would accompany her, but not just for moral support. It was he who would provide Peggy with the donation she badly needed – a new set of gut microbes. That those microbes were to be found in his faeces did not deter either of them; there were simply no other options left. Known as Faecal Microbiota Transplantation, Bacteriotherapy, or, my favourite, a Transpoosion, this is exactly as it sounds.

Page numbers in italic refer to the illustrations abscesses 37 Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam 255, 256–7 accidents, Toxoplasma infection and 97 acetate 107, 195, 217 acne 23, 129, 141, 142–4, 168 Actinobacteria 226, 230 adenoviruses 75, 76–7, 78 adipose cells see fat cells Adlerberth, Ingegerd 131 adrenalin 104–5 affluence, and twenty-first-century illnesses 46–8 Africa: asthma 50 births 214 diet and gut microbiota 184, 185, 262–3 Ebola epidemic 115 garden warblers 55 personal hygiene 176 age, and twenty-first-century illnesses 48–50 ageing 228, 231, 235, 268 agriculture: antibiotic use 147–8, 160–4, 165, 272 Neolithic Revolution 184–5, 201 Akkermansia 283–4 Akkermansia muciniphila 79–81, 193–4, 258 Alabama 46 alcohol hand-rubs 175 Alexander, Albert 37 Aliivibrio fischeri 12 Allen-Vercoe, Emma 109–10, 111, 112, 259–60, 261–2 allergies 24, 38–9, 43, 44, 48 affluence and 46–7 after Caesarean birth 212 antibacterial products and 171 antibiotics and 130, 166–7 antihistamines 39, 116, 269 bottle-feeding and 223 in developing countries 47 family size and 117, 118 gender differences 51, 52 hygiene hypothesis 117–19, 121, 130–2, 145 immune system and 44–5, 116–21, 130–1 increase in incidence 52, 116 and infections 116–19 microbes and 131–2 probiotics and 242 racial differences 50 Alm, Eric 253 Alps 115 alternative medicine 137–9 Alvarez, Walter 238 Amazon rainforest 262, 282 American Gut Project (AGP) 4–5, 281–2 Amerindians 262–3 amino acids 70, 71, 180, 271 ammonia 176–7 ammonia-oxidising bacteria (AOBs) 176–8 anaemia 221 anaerobic bacteria 95 anaphylactic attacks 38 androgens 143 Animalia 16, 17 animals: allergies to 119 antibiotics as growth promoters 147–8, 160–4, 272 coprophagy 245–8 Neolithic Revolution 184–5, 201 transmission of microbes 115 see also individual types of animal anthrax 115 antibacterial products 169–72, 175, 214–15 antibiotics 2, 147–68, 276–7, 281, 285 and acne 143 and allergies 130, 166–7 antibiotic resistance 152, 153, 154–5, 156 and autism 86, 90–2, 94–5, 106–7, 111, 165–6 and autoimmune diseases 167–8 benefits of 168 and birth 163, 215 broad-spectrum antibiotics 156, 270 and Clostridium difficile 157, 234, 250 development of 36–7 and diarrhoea 155, 157, 241–2 effects on microbiota 129, 157–8, 161 as growth promoters for animals 147–8, 160–4, 272 harmful side-effects 5–6, 155–6, 269 and immune system 129–30 and irritable bowel syndrome 64–5 lactobacilli and 206–7 and life expectancy 28 and obesity 147–9, 159–65 residues in vegetables 164–5 and stomach ulcers 74 and twenty-first-century illnesses 158–9 unnecessary prescriptions 152–3, 269–70 antibodies 30, 139, 231 antidepressants 269 antigens 132–3 antihistamines 39, 116, 269 ants 84 anxiety disorders 42, 51, 99, 175 AOBiome 176, 177–8 apes 16 apocrine glands 177 appendicitis 14, 15–16, 43, 223, 266 appendix 13–16, 21, 45, 203, 208, 266 appetite control 67–8, 72–3, 80, 196 arabinoxylan 194 Arabs 46 archaea 8 Argentina 210 arginine 271 arthritis 183, 196 asbestos 170 Asia 47, 214 Asperger syndrome 87 asthma 44, 49 antibiotics and 130, 166–7 bottle-feeding and 223 fibre and 199 immune system and 116, 196 incidence 38, 39, 47, 52 racial differences 50 wealth and 47 Atkinson, Richard 74–5, 77 attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) 42, 98–9, 105, 108, 175 aureomycin 160 Australia: acne 142 birth 214–15 encephalitis lethargica 173 faecal transplants 250–1, 259 fruit and vegetable consumption 273 racial differences in diseases 50 sugar consumption 188, 189 twenty-first-century illnesses 46 autism 38, 43, 44, 49, 85–96 after Caesarean sections 212 antibiotics and 86, 90–2, 94–5, 106–7, 111, 165–6 autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) 87–8 behaviour problems 88, 108–9 and coprophagy 246 and ear infections 166 faecal transplants and 254–5 gastrointestinal symptoms 45, 85–7, 90 gender differences 51, 89 genetics and 89 immune system and 106, 108 incidence of 42, 46, 53, 88–9 lipopolysaccharide and 141 microbes and 90–2, 94–6, 109–12, 165–6 probiotics and 242 propionate and 107–9 racial differences 50–1 savants 87, 108 symptoms 87–8, 282 autoimmune diseases 24, 38, 39–41, 43 affluence and 47 and antibiotics 167–8 appendix and 16 and Caesarean sections 212 in childhood 49 in developing countries 47 faecal transplants and 254 gender differences 51, 52, 267 immune system and 44–5 incidence of 46 IPEX syndrome 133 probiotics and 242 racial differences 50 T helper cells and 119 see also individual diseases autointoxication 236–8 autopsies 33 babies 273–4 antibiotics 152–3, 158, 159–60, 161–2 bottle-feeding 220–6, 273–5 breast-feeding 216–20, 221, 222–6, 230–1, 274–5, 278, 285 Caesarean births 209–15, 220, 274, 278 caul births 214 colic 215–16 ear infections 151 gut microbiota 131, 217 immune system 208–9, 217, 227 infant mortality 222–3 probiotics and 242 transfer of microbes to 204–9, 212–14 vaginal delivery 209–12, 220, 274, 278 water birth 214 weaning 226 wet nursing 220–1 Bäckhed, Fredrik 66–7, 71, 147, 160 bacteria: alcohol hand-rubs 175 ammonia-oxidising bacteria 176–8 anaerobic bacteria 95 antibacterial products 169–72 antibiotic resistance 152, 153, 154–5, 156 collateral damage from antibiotics 155–6, 157 colony-forming units 244 DNA sequencing 17 lipopolysaccharide 140 and mitochondria 123, 123 prebiotics 258 probiotics 237–44 quorum sensing 136 and stomach ulcers 74 see also gut microbiota; microbes and individual types of bacteria bacteriocins 161, 206–7, 208 bacteriocytes 205 bacteriotherapy 245, 248 Bacteroides 23, 157, 194 Bacteroides fragilis 134–5 Bacteroides plebeius 192 Bacteroidetes 68–9, 70, 81, 185, 186, 187, 191, 226, 282 BALB mice 99 barley 139, 199 basal ganglia 174–5 bats 1–2, 100, 115, 124–5, 181, 182, 236 beans, fibre content 190, 191 Bedouin 201 Bedson, Henry 26 bees 124 behaviour: in autism 88, 108–9 changed by microbes 84–5, 96–7, 112–13 neurotransmitters 103, 104–5 propionate and 107–9 Bengmark, Stig 46 Bifidobacterium 193–4, 196–7, 217, 226, 239, 240, 258, 284 Bifidobacterium infantis 93 bile 145, 263 bioluminescence 12 bipolar disorder 105 birds 54–6, 205 birth 278 antibiotics in 163, 215 Caesarean section 209–15, 220, 274 caul births 214 childbed fever 32–3 home births 214 hormones 220 hygiene 214–15 transfer of microbes to babies 205–7, 212–13 vaginal deliveries 209–12, 220, 274, 278 water birth 214 bison 125–6 Blaser, Martin 162, 163, 182 blood 181 blood pressure 199, 231, 256 blood sugar levels 256 blood transfusions 249, 253, 254 bobcats 84, 97 Body Mass Index (BMI) 41, 69, 79, 161, 188, 193, 197 body odour 175–7 Bolte, Andrew 86–7, 88, 89–92, 94–6, 110, 111, 112, 165–6 Bolte, Ellen 86–7, 88, 89–92, 94–6, 106, 110–11, 112, 165–6 Bolte, Erin 86, 110, 111–12 Borody, Tom 250–2, 254–5, 259 bottle-feeding 220–6, 273–5 Boulpon, Burkina Faso 184, 185, 190 brain: connections to gut 92–3, 104–5, 106–7, 109–10 development of 93–4 encephalitis lethargica 173–4 immune system 103–4, 105 inflammation 108 memories 108–9 microbes and 98–9 neurotransmitters 103, 104–5 obsessive-compulsive disorder 172–3, 174 propionate and 107–9 strokes 50, 107, 183, 199, 256, 268 synapses 120 tetanus 91 Whipple’s disease 85 see also mental health conditions Brand-Miller, Jennie 215–16 Brazil 46, 47, 209, 212 bread 198, 199–200, 202 breast cancer 44, 145 breast-feeding 216–20, 221, 222–6, 230–1, 274–5, 278, 285 Britain: antibiotic use 130, 150–1 breast-feeding 225 Caesarean sections 210, 211–12 Clostridium difficile 156 consumption of fats and sugar 188 diabetes in children 40–1 fall in calorific intake 189 fruit and vegetable consumption 190–1, 273 gut microbes in babies 131 obesity 42, 58 broccoli 198 bronchitis 152 ‘Bubble Boy’ 126–8, 181 Burgess, James 253 Burkina Faso 184, 185, 190, 191, 263 Butler, Chris 153–4, 155 butyrate 107, 195, 196–7, 217, 257, 284 caecum 13, 21, 45, 128 Caesarean birth 209–15, 220, 274 caffeine 73, 74 cakes 198 California Institute of Technology 134 calories: calculating contents of foods 69–70 dieting 149, 186–7 differences in weight gain 77–8 fall in consumption of 189 microbes and extraction of 67, 70–2 and obesity 56–7, 61 Campylobacter jejuni 65 Canada 46, 47, 51, 62, 99, 106, 173, 259–60 cancer: ageing and 49 blood cancer 16 bottle-feeding and 223 breast cancer 44 as cause of death 268 cervical cancer 144 chemotherapy 270 colon cancer 23–4, 144, 145, 258 diet and 183 immune system and 120–1 infections and 144 liver cancer 144–5 lymphoma 127 metabolic syndrome and 256 microbes and 144–5 obesity and 42, 50, 145 prebiotics and 258 shingles and 271 stomach cancer 144 Cani, Patrice 78–9, 80–1, 193–4, 197 car accidents 97 carbohydrates: calorie content 69 dieting 185–8 digestion of 180 effects of 198 fibre 192 oligosaccharides 216–18 types of 197–8 carbolic acid 34, 36 Carmody, Rachel 179–80, 182, 198–9 carnivores 181–2, 192, 203, 263 casein 111, 200 cats 96 cattle 12–13, 181, 192, 201, 204, 272 caul births 214 cells, mitochondria 123, 123 cellulose 191, 192 centenarians 265 Centers for Disease Control (CDC) 88–9, 152, 212 Central America 100 Centre for Digestive Diseases, Sydney 250–2, 254 cervical cancer 144 Chain, Sir Ernst Boris 37 Charles University, Prague 97 cheese 159 cheetahs 124 chest infections 153 chickens: antibiotic treatment 147–8, 165 virus disease 57, 61, 74–5, 76–7, 78 Chida, Yoichi 93 childbed fever 32–3, 34 childbirth see birth children: allergies 38–9, 116–17 antibiotic use 151, 161–2, 165–6 autism 88–9, 165–6 brain development 93–4 death rates 28, 31 ear infections 86, 87, 90, 94, 151, 152, 153, 166, 222 fat intake 190 gut microbiota 226–7 hygiene 278–9 infectious diseases 31 obesity 58, 223–4 twenty-first-century illnesses 49 see also babies Children of the 90s project 130 chimpanzees 102, 245–7 China 47, 209, 249–50 chlorinated lime 33 chlorinated water 172 chlorine 35–6, 62 chloroform 172 cholera 15, 27, 30, 34–5, 45–6, 135–7, 139 Cholera Auto-Inducer 1 (CAI–1) 136 cholesterol 194, 229, 231, 256 Church, Andrew 173–4 ciprofloxacin 157–8 cleaning products 169–72, 175, 214–15 clindamycin 157 Clinton, Bill 10 Clostridium 96, 107, 145 Clostridium bolteae 106 Clostridium difficile 90, 271 antibiotics and 156–7, 234–5, 241, 250 in babies’ gut microbiota 213 bottle-feeding and 222 deaths from 156, 245 faecal transplants 249, 250, 251, 252–3, 259, 260 Lactobacillus and 206 symptoms 156 Clostridium tetani 90–2, 94, 95, 96, 110–11 clothing 176 cockroaches 204–5 coeliac disease 39, 41, 139–40, 183, 200, 202, 212 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York State 7, 24 colds 51, 129–30, 152, 167 colic, infantile 215–16 colitis, ulcerative 42, 49, 144 colon: autointoxication 236–8 colon cancer 23–4, 144, 145, 258 colonic irrigation 237 digestion 180–1 toxic megacolon 156, 245 see also gut microbiota; inflammatory bowel disease; intestines; irritable bowel syndrome colony-forming units (CFUs), bacteria 244 colostrum 217, 219, 220 constipation 62–3, 65, 238, 251, 254 contraceptives 102 cooking food 199 coprophagy 245–8 Cordyceps fungi 84 Cornell University 230 Corynebacterium 20, 21, 168–9, 177, 213 cough, sudden-onset 155 cowpox 27, 29 cows 12–13, 181, 192, 201, 204, 272 cow’s milk 216, 221 Crapsule 259 Crohn’s disease 42, 49, 52, 144 Cuba 210 Cyanobacteria 65 cytokines 48, 105, 106, 141 D-Day landings (1944) 37, 150, 158 dairy produce 200, 201 Dale, Russell 173–4 dander 119 Danish National Birth Cohort 161–2 Darwin, Charles 280 The Descent of Man 13, 14 The Expression of Emotions in Man and Animals 92 On the Origin of Species 124, 279 Dawkins, Richard, The Selfish Gene 125, 126 death 235–6 babies and children 28, 31, 222–3 causes of 268 Clostridium difficile 245 diarrhoea and 15 dementia 105 dendritic cells 219 Denmark 52, 161–2, 167–8 deodorants 175, 177, 178 deoxycholic acid (DCA) 145 depression 42, 45, 51, 65, 98, 103–4, 105, 141 dermatitis 23 developing countries: antibiotic use 153–4 twenty-first-century illnesses 53 Dhurandhar, Nikhil 56–7, 61, 74–5, 76–7, 82, 149 diabetes 38, 44, 139, 269 and antibiotics 167–8 bottle-feeding and 223, 224 breast-feeding and 231 and Caesarean sections 212 in childhood 4, 119 diet and 183 faecal transplants 255 gender differences 267 incidence of 39, 40–1, 47, 52, 158 leaky guts and 140 lipopolysaccharide and 141 metabolic syndrome 256–7 obesity and 42, 50, 256 probiotics and 242–3, 257–8 racial differences 50 symptoms 39–40 diarrhoea: antibiotics and 155, 157, 241–2 and autism 45, 85–7, 90 as cause of death 15, 27, 268 cholera 34–5, 135–7 Clostridium difficile 156, 222, 234–5, 241 and coprophagy 246 faecal transplants 250–1, 260 irritable bowel syndrome 62–5 probiotics and 241–2 diet see food dieting 59, 148–9, 184, 186–7, 197, 199 digestive system 180 see also colon; gut microbiota; intestines digoxin 271 diphtheria 27, 28 diseases: antibodies 30, 139, 231 diet and 183 epidemiology 35, 45–6 genes and 10, 43–4, 268 germ theory 34, 236 infectious diseases 27–9, 43, 115, 118, 153–4 obesity as infectious disease 75–7 pathogens 28–9 transmission of microbes 114–16 vaccinations 25, 26–7, 29–31, 35, 91, 118, 165 water-borne diseases 34–6 see also antibiotics and individual diseases DNA: and cancer 120–1, 144, 145 DNA sequencing 4, 9–11, 16–17, 65 human genome 279–80 doctors: antibiotic prescriptions 152–3, 277 hospital hygiene practices 31–4 Dodd, Diane 100–1 dogs 84, 85, 124 Dominguez-Bello, Maria Gloria 214, 278, 285 Dominican Republic 210 donors: faecal transplants 261, 262 sperm donors 260–1 dopamine 104–5 drugs: gut microbiota and 270–2 see also antibiotics dummies 151 dysbiosis 64–6 dysentery 15, 27 E. coli 62, 239, 254 ear infections 86, 87, 90, 94, 151, 152, 153, 166, 222 East Africa 176 Eastern Europe 47 Ebola 115 eccrine glands 177 ecological succession 208 eczema 38, 49 antibiotics and 130, 166–7 bottle-feeding and 223 incidence 39, 47, 52 prebiotics and 258 probiotics and 242 Eggerthella lenta 271 Egypt 201 Eiseman, Ben 251 elephants 245 Elizabeth II, Queen of England 265 emotions, and irritable bowel syndrome 92–3 encephalitis lethargica 173–4 energy: in food 69–72 mitochondria 123 storage in body 77–8 enterobacteria 131 Enterococcus 219 environment, and twenty-first-century illnesses 44 enzymes 12–13, 180, 182, 191, 192, 263 epidemiology 35, 45–6 epinephrine 104–5 Epstein-Barr virus 127 Eubacterium rectale 197 Eukarya 16 Europe: acne 142 antibiotic use 150, 163–4, 272 birth 214–15 breast-feeding 224 encephalitis lethargica 173 fat consumption 188 hygiene hypothesis 117 racial differences in diseases 50 see also individual countries evolution 11–12, 44, 84–5, 109, 124–6 fabrics, clothing 176 Faecalibacterium 284 Faecalibacterium prausnitzii 197 faeces: and birth 206, 207 coprophagy 245–7 DNA sequencing microbes in 23 faecal transplants 245, 248–57, 258–62 see also gut microbiota families, microbiotas 228 farming see agriculture Fasano, Alessio 136–7, 139–40, 200 fat cells: appetite control 72, 73 fibre and 196 lipopolysaccharide and 141 in obese people 78–9, 141 in pregnancy 230 storage of fat 72 FATLOSE (Faecal Administration To LOSE insulin resistance) 256–7 fats: calorie content 69, 77–8 consumption of 188, 189–90 dieting 186–8 digestion of 71, 180 high-fat diets 192–3, 194 fatty acids 180, 188 fibre: and Akkermansia 81, 193–4 and appendicitis 15 and butyrate 196–7 consumption of 190–1 in faeces 23 Five-a-Day campaign 273 and gut microbiota 191–9, 202–3, 204, 263, 276, 282–4 and obesity 192–5, 197 prebiotics 258 wheat and gluten intolerance 199–202 Finegold, Sydney 95–6, 106–7, 109 Firmicutes 68–9, 70, 81, 161, 185, 186, 187, 191, 226, 282 First World War 28, 36 fish, gut microbiota 205 Five-a-Day campaign 273 Fleming, Sir Alexander 36, 37, 154, 156 flies, fruit 100–1 Florence 184, 190, 191 Florey, Ethel 37 Florey, Howard 36–7 flour, fibre content 198 flu 27, 28, 48, 50, 129, 152, 167 folic acid 227–8 food 179–203, 272–3 and ageing 231 allergies and intolerances 38, 47, 49, 199–202 antibiotic residues in 164–5 calorie content 69–72 consumption of fats 188 cooking 199 digestion of 23 fibre content 190–9, 202–3, 273, 276, 282–4 and gut microbiota 184–8 healthy diet 183–4 Neolithic Revolution 184–5 packaged foods 182–3, 202 preservatives 202 sugar consumption 188–9 weaning babies 226 Food and Drug Administration (FDA) 172, 252, 272 food poisoning 15, 63–4, 65, 258 food supplements, prebiotics 258 formula milk 220–6 France 115, 160–1, 211 free-from foods 200 free will 112 Freud, Sigmund 98, 238 frogs 83–4, 124 fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) 193–4, 258 fructose 180, 188 fruit 198, 273, 276 fruit flies 100–1 fungi 8, 84 galacto-oligosaccharides 258 galactose 207, 216 gangrene 34 garden warblers 54–6, 57, 73, 77, 78 gastric bypasses 81–2 gastritis 74 gastroenteritis 15, 16, 62, 63–4, 65, 167, 172, 222 Gattaca (film) 280 Ge Hong, Handbook of Emergency Medicine 249–50 gender differences: autism 51, 89 Toxoplasma infection 96–7 twenty-first-century illnesses 51–2, 267 Generation X 224 genes: appetite control 67–8 and autism 89 cholera bacteria 136–7 coeliac disease 139–40 faecal transplants 261 and gut microbiota 227 human genome 3–4, 7–10, 43–4, 279–80 in human microbiome 8, 11, 279 and lactose intolerance 201 and leaky gut 196–7 mutations 44 natural selection 125, 126 and obesity 60 and pheromones 102 and predisposition to disease 10, 43–4, 268 sperm donors 260–1 and vitamins 228 and weight control 71–2 genome-wide association studies (GWAS) 268 gentamycin 161 George V, King of England 265 germ-free mice 17–18, 66–9, 128, 134, 230 germ theory of disease 34, 236 Germany 46–7 giardiasis 15, 27 glucose 39–40, 180, 207, 216, 229, 256, 257 gluten 42, 111, 139–40, 142, 199–202 glycerols 180 gnotobiotic mice 17 goats 115, 201 Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania 246 gonorrhoea 215 Goodall, Jane 246 Gordon, Jeffrey 18, 24, 67, 247, 262 GPR43 (G-Protein-coupled Receptor 43) 195–6, 195 grains 190, 191, 194, 197, 198 Gram-negative bacteria 140 Gram-positive bacteria 140 Gray, George 61 Group B strep 215 gut see colon; intestines ‘gut feelings’ 104 gut microbiota 2–4, 18, 21–4 and ageing 231, 235 American Gut Project 281–2 antibiotics and 157–8, 161 in appendix 14–16, 266 and autism 106, 165–6 bottle-feeding and 221–2 as cause of ill-health 236–7 in children 226–7 diet and 184–8 and digoxin 271 and drug outcomes 270–2 faecal transplants 245, 248–57, 258–62 and fibre 191–9, 202–3, 204, 263, 276, 282–4 and gastric bypasses 81–2 genes and 227 and infantile colic 216 and irritable bowel syndrome 63–6 and leaky gut 194–7 meat-eaters 191–2 and mental health conditions 99–100 and nutrition 180–2 and obesity 23–4, 66–72, 76 prebiotics 258 in pregnancy 229, 230 probiotics 237–44 raw-food diet 198–9 role in digestion 12–13, 70–1 transfer from mothers to babies 204–9, 213, 217 tribal societies 262–3, 282 Hai, Peggy Kan 233–5, 241, 245, 250, 251, 252 hairworms 84, 85 hand-washing 172–3, 175 happiness 103–5 Harvard University 179, 182, 198 Hawaii 233–5 Hawaiian bobtail squid 11 hay fever 38, 39, 46, 116, 117, 130, 166–7, 171, 242 healthy diet 183–4 heart disease: appendix and 16 as cause of death 268 diet and 183 digoxin 271 fibre and 199 heart attacks 50, 231 heart valve disease 161 lipopolysaccharide and 141 metabolic syndrome and 256, 257 obesity and 42, 47 statins 269 Helicobacter pylori 21, 74, 144 hepatitis A 119 herbivores 181, 192, 204, 263 herd immunity 30 herons 83 hibernation 61 high blood pressure 50, 231, 256 Hippocrates 61–2, 235 HIV 254 Hoffman, Dustin 87 holobiont 126 hologenome selection 126 home births 214 Hominidae 16 Homo sapiens 16 hookworms 118 hormones: acne 143 appetite control 67–8, 72–3, 80 contraceptives 102 in farming 272 and immune system 267 insulin 167, 256 in labour 220 leptin 67–8, 72–3, 78, 80, 196 menstrual cycle 229 sex hormones 51, 52 stress hormones 93 thyroid hormones 171 horses, rolling in dirt 176 hospitals, hygiene 31–4 houses, microbes in 228–9 Human Genome Project (HGP) 3–4, 7–10, 43–4, 279–80 Human Microbiome Project (HMP) 11, 18, 19–20, 22–3, 162 human papillomavirus (HPV) 144 Humphrys, John, The Great Food Gamble 272 Hungary 33 Huntington’s disease 44 hydrogen, in babies’ breath 216 hydrogen sulphide 248 hygiene 31–4, 168–72, 175–8, 214–15, 278–9 hygiene hypothesis, allergies 117–19, 121, 130–2, 145, 266 hyperphagia 55 idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura 254 immune system 3, 114–46 and acne 144 and ageing 231 and allergies 39, 44–5, 116–21, 130–1 antibiotics and 37, 129–30 antibodies 30, 139, 231 antigens 132–3 appendix and 14–15, 16 and autism 106, 108 in babies 208–9, 217, 227 and the brain 103–4, 105 cell types 132–3 coeliac disease 139–40 evolution 126 and fat cells 78 fibre and 195–6 flu pandemic 48 germ-free mice 128 and gluten intolerance 202 and the gut 45 hygiene hypothesis 117–19, 121, 130–2, 145 inflammatory bowel diseases 144 IPEX syndrome 133 and leaky gut 137–42, 194–7 living without a microbiota 126–8 microbes and 121, 133–5 pheromones and 101, 102 probiotics and 242–3 targets 119–21 and twenty-first-century illnesses 51–2 vaccinations and 30 see also autoimmune diseases Imperial College, London 147 India 56–7, 173, 260 Indonesia 142 Industrial Revolution 221 infant mortality 222–3 infections, and allergies 116–19 infectious diseases 27–9, 43, 115, 118, 153–4 inflammation 145–6 and acne 144 and ageing 231 fibre and 196 leaky gut syndrome 142 and mental health conditions 105, 108 in obesity 79 in pregnancy 229 and twenty-first-century illnesses 243, 268 inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) 45, 63, 66 faecal transplants 251 gender differences 51 and gut microbiota 23–4, 144 incidence of 41, 42, 47, 49 influenza 27, 28, 48, 50, 129, 152, 167 insulin 38, 139, 269 faecal transplants and 256 insulin resistance 229, 256–7 lipopolysaccharide and 141 probiotics and 257–8 type 1 diabetes 39–40, 167 intestines 18–19, 22 appendix 13–16, 21, 203, 208, 266 caecum 13, 21, 45, 128 cholera 15, 27, 30, 34–5, 45–6, 135–7, 139 coeliac disease 41, 139–40 colorectal cancers 23–4, 144, 145, 258 connections to brain 92–3, 104–5, 106–7, 109–10 dysbiosis 64–6 germ-free mice 128 immune system and 45 leaky gut 137–42, 194–7, 200 mucus lining 79–80, 80, 129, 193, 283–4 necrotising enterocolitis 222 see also colon; diarrhoea; gut microbiota; inflammatory bowel disease; irritable bowel syndrome inulin 258 IPEX syndrome 133, 135 Iran 210 irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) 43, 45, 183 antibiotics and 64–5 emotions and 92–3 faecal transplants 251 gender differences 51 gluten-free diets 201 incidence of 42, 63 and mental health conditions 44 microbes and 63–6 post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome 62, 63 probiotics and 242 Italy 131, 150, 184, 185, 190, 191 Japan 142, 192, 247, 271 Jenner, Edward 25, 29 juices 198 Jumpertz, Reiner 70 Kanner, Leo 88, 89, 108–9 Kasthala, Gita 175–6 Khoruts, Alexander 248, 249, 259, 261–2 kidney cancer 145 kissing 102 kitchens, cleaning 169 Klebsiella 23 Knight, Rob 4, 213–14, 281–2 koalas 204, 217–18 Koch, Robert 34 Kolletschka, Jakob 33 Krau Wildlife Reserve, Malaysia 1–2 Kudzu bugs 205 labour see birth lactase 215–16 lactase persistence 201 lactate 217 lactic acid 217 lactic acid bacteria 206–8, 218–19, 222, 227, 229, 237 Lactobacillus 206–7, 213, 217, 219, 229, 239–40, 244, 257–9 Lactobacillus acidophilus 237 Lactobacillus bulgaricus 237 Lactobacillus johnsonii 208 Lactobacillus paracasei 239 Lactobacillus plantarum 101 Lactobacillus reuteri 161 Lactobacillus rhamnosus 239, 242 lactose 142, 200, 201–2, 207, 215–16, 218, 237 leaky gut walls 137–42, 194–7, 200 learning 108 leeches 181, 182 legumes, fibre content 276 Lemos de Goés, Adelir Carmen 209 lentils 198 leopards 115 leptin 67–8, 72–3, 78, 80, 196 leukaemia 223 Ley, Ruth 67–8, 186, 187, 230 life expectancy 28, 49, 237, 265–6, 268 light, bioluminescence 12 lime, chlorinated 33 lions 124 lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 79–80, 140–2, 187–8, 193, 194–5, 197, 284 Lister, Joseph 34, 36 lithium 98 liver cancer 144–5 lizards 245 London: cholera epidemic 34–5, 45–6, 135 Toxoplasma 96 Louisiana 46 low-carb diets 186, 187–8 low-fat diets 186 lungs 19 lupus 39, 41, 49, 50, 168 Lyman, Flo and Kay 108 lymph glands 45, 219 lymphoma 127 lysozyme 36 MacFabe, Derrick 106–7, 108, 109, 111, 112 McMaster University, Ontario 99 macrophages 132 Malawi 262–3, 282 Malaysia 1–2, 208 mammals 16, 122, 123–4, 204 manure, antibiotic contamination 164–5, 272 marmosets 77 Marseille 160–1 Marshall, Barry 74 marsupials 217–18 Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston 40, 136–7, 200 mastoiditis 151, 153 Mazmanian, Sarkis 134 measles 27, 28, 31, 38, 119, 165, 266 meat 70–1, 181, 191–2 Medical Hypotheses 110 memory 108–9 memory B cells 132 meningitis 153 menstrual cycle 229 mental health conditions 42–3, 44 drug treatment 269 encephalitis lethargica 173–4 epidemiology 46 gastrointestinal symptoms 85–7, 106 gender differences 51 immune system and 105 lipopolysaccharide and 141 microbes and 24, 93–4, 97–9 probiotics and 238, 242 Streptococcus and 174–5 see also individual conditions mercury 263 metabolic syndrome 255–7, 258 metabolism 60, 229–30 metabolites 110, 111 Metchnikoff, Elie 180, 244 The Prolongation of Life 235–6, 237, 238 methicillin 154 metronidazole 129 Mexico 210 miasma theory 31–2, 34, 35 mice: antibiotics and 162–3 characteristic behaviours 99–100 diabetes in 267 faecal transplants 257 fibre in diet 193–4 genetically obese mice 67–9, 72–3 germ-free mice 17–18, 66–9, 128, 134, 230 microbial transplants 247 number of genes 7 ob/ob mice 67–9, 72–3, 194 probiotics and 242–4 microbes: and ageing 228, 231 and allergies 131–2 antibiotics and 129 antigens 132–3 and autism 90–2, 94–6, 106, 109–12 behaviour changes in host 84–5, 96–7, 112–13 in breast-milk 218–20, 222 and cancer 144–5 culturing 9 diversity 134, 282 DNA sequencing 4–5, 11 dysbiosis 64–6 evolution 11–12, 125–6 genes 279 in genetically obese mice 67–9 germ-free mice 17–18, 66–9, 128 germ theory of disease 34, 236 habitats in human body 18–23 in the home 228–9 hospital hygiene practices 31–4 immune system and 121, 133–5 kissing and 102 living without 126–8 and memory formation 109 and menstrual cycle 229 and mental health conditions 93–4, 97–9 in mouth 20–1 and neurotransmitters 104 in nostrils 21 Old Friends hypothesis 132, 145, 266 pheromones 100–2 Robogut 110, 111 on skin 19–20, 168–9 in stomach 21 and sweat 177 transfer from mothers to babies 122, 204–9, 212–14 transmission of 114–16 tree of life 16–17 in vagina 205–9, 212–14, 229 and vitamins 228 see also bacteria; gut microbiota; viruses Microbial Ecosystem Therapeutics 260 microbiome 8, 11, 227–9, 279, 280 Middle East 58 midwives 32–3 migraine 238 migrants, and twenty-first-century illnesses 50–1 migration, garden warblers 54–6 milk: antibiotics in 164 bottle-feeding 220–6, 273–5 breast-milk 216–20, 221, 222–6, 230–1, 274–5, 278, 285 cow’s milk 216, 221 lactobacilli and 207 lactose intolerance 200, 201 marsupials 218 milk banks 218–19 milk proteins 111 wet nursing 220–1 yogurt 206, 237 Millennials 224 Miller, Anne 149–50, 158 minerals 221, 227 Minnesota 170, 172 minocycline 168 Mississippi 46 mitochondria 123, 123 MMR vaccine 165 monkeys 16, 77 moorhens 124 Moraxella 21 mouth, microbes in 20–1 MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) 154, 171, 172, 175, 212 mucus lining, intestines 79–80, 80, 129, 193, 283–4 multiple sclerosis (MS) 38, 39, 49 antibiotics and 168 and bottle-feeding 223 in children 119 faecal transplants and 254 incidence of 41, 52, 158 probiotics and 242 racial differences 50 Mumbai 56, 61 mumps 165 Munich University’s Children’s Hospital 46 muscles, tetanus 91 mutations, genes 44 Mycobacterium 27 myositis 39 National Food Survey (UK) 188, 189 National Health Service (NHS) 138, 210, 211–12 National Institute of Health, Phoenix, Arizona 70 National Institutes for Health (US) 18 natural killer cells 219 natural selection 124–6, 206 Nature 179 Nauru 58 necrotising enterocolitis 222 necrotising fasciitis 20 Neolithic Revolution 184–5, 187, 200, 201 nerves 104–5 nervous system, multiple sclerosis 41 Netherlands 52, 255, 256–7 neuropsychiatric disorders see mental health conditions neurotransmitters 103, 104–5 New York City 96 New York University 162, 214 New Zealand 46 Nicholson, Jeremy 147, 148, 160, 161 Nieuwdorp, Max 255, 256–7 nitric oxide 177 nitrite 177 Nitrosomonas eutropha 178 Nobel Prizes 37, 74, 180, 235 nori 192 North America 50, 117, 214–15, 224–6 Northern Ireland 47 nostrils, microbes in 21 nut allergies 38, 39 nutrition see food ob/ob mice 67–9, 72–3, 194 obesity 38, 43, 44, 54–61 Akkermansia and 79–81 antibiotics and 147–9, 159–65 appetite control 67–8, 72–3, 80, 196 breast-feeding and 223–4 and Caesarean sections 212 and cancer 145 in childhood 49 in developing countries 47 and diabetes 256 diet and 183 difficulty in losing weight 59–60 faecal transplants and 255–7 and fall in calorific intake 189 fat cells 78–9 garden warblers 54–6 gastric bypasses 81–2 gender differences 51 and genetics 60 gut microbiota and 23–4, 66–72, 76 incidence of 41–2, 46, 52–3 as infectious disease 75–7 and leaky gut syndrome 140–1 and liver cancer 145 and low fibre intake 197 metabolic syndrome 255–7 racial differences 50 surgery for 61, 66 viruses and 57, 61, 74–8 Obesity Society 82 obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) 42, 44, 51, 98–9, 105, 172–3, 174, 212, 246 oestrogen 171 Old Friends hypothesis 132, 145, 266 oligofructose 193–4 oligosaccharides 216–18, 220, 221, 222, 226 omnivores 276 OpenBiome 253–4, 261–2 oranges 198 overweight 41–2, 58 Oxford University 36, 37 oxygen 9 oxytocin 104–5 Pacific islands 58 Pakistan 26, 131 palaeo-diet 263 pancreas 39, 40, 180, 242–3 panda, giant 181–2 Papua New Guinea 84, 142 parasites 27, 83–4, 96–7, 98, 118 Paris 96 Parker, Janet 25, 26 Parkinson’s disease 105, 173, 174, 175, 254 passwords, beneficial microbes 134–5 Pasteur, Louis 34, 236 pathogens 28–9 peanut allergy 39 pectin 192 penicillin 36–7, 150, 154, 158, 162–3, 182 penicillinase 154 Penicillium 36 Peptostreptococcaceae 222 pesticides 272 Petrof, Elaine 259–60 Peyer’s patches 128 phagocytes 120, 141 pharyngitis 152 pheromones 100–2, 177 Phipps, James 29 pigs 148 pinworms 118 plague 30 plant foods see fruit; vegetables plants, ecological succession 208 pneumonia 27, 153, 268 polio 27–8, 29, 31, 38, 266 Pollan, Michael 202 pollen 119 polysaccharides 181 polysaccharide A (PSA) 134–5 Porpyhra 192 potatoes 191 poverty 48 Prague 97 prebiotics 258 pregnancy 205 antibiotics in 163 gut microbiota 229–31 metabolic changes 229–30 probiotics in 239 toxoplasmosis 96 vaginal bacteria 207–8 preservatives, food 202 Prevotella 185, 191, 192, 194, 206, 213, 263 primates 16, 102 probiotics 237–44, 257–9 propionate 107–9, 195, 217 Propionibacterium 20, 21, 168–9, 213, 239 Propionibacterium acnes 143–4 proteins 7, 9, 180, 196–7 Proteobacteria 65, 226, 230 Pseudomonas 206, 213 psoriasis 23, 49 psychoanalysis 238 Puerto Rico 214 pulses, fibre content 276 Pyrenees 115 Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario 259 quorum sensing 136 rabbits 245 rabies 29–30, 84, 85 racial differences, twenty-first-century illnesses 50–1 Rain Man (film) 87 ram’s horn snails 83 rashes 155 rats 18, 84, 85, 96, 107–8, 185–6, 245 raw-food diet 198–9 RePOOPulate 260 reptiles, gut microbiota 205 respiratory tract infections 152, 153, 222 rheumatoid arthritis 39, 41, 223, 254 rice 198 rickets 221 Riley, Lee 165 Rio de Janeiro 209 Robogut 110, 111, 259 rodents 245 Roseburia intestinalis 197 Rosenberg, Eugene and Ilana 126 Rowen, Lee 7–8, 24 rubella 31, 165 Rush Children’s Hospital, Chicago 92 Russia 173 Rwanda 201 rye 139, 194, 199 sac-winged bats 100, 101 Salmonella 271 Sandler, Richard 92, 94, 95 sanitation 15, 35–6 Sardinia 52 savants, autistic 87, 108 Scandinavia 188 scarlet fever 27 scent see smells scent glands 177 schizophrenia 97–8, 105, 106, 108, 141, 246 Science 179 Scientific American magazine 97 scleroderma 50 scurvy 221 seaweed 192, 247 Second World War 37, 150, 158, 189 Semmelweis, Ignaz 32–3, 34, 215 sepsis 36 septicaemia 34 serotonin 103, 104–5 Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID) 127 sewage systems 15 sex, pheromones 100–2, 177 sex hormones 51, 52 sexually-transmitted diseases 28 Sharon, Gil 101 sheep 201, 204 Shigella 128 shingles 271 short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) 107–9, 195–6, 195, 197, 198, 217, 257 sinusitis 152, 157 skin 18, 23, 45 acne 23, 129, 141, 142–4, 168 hygiene 168–9 microbiota 19–20, 168–9, 213 pheromones 101–2 psoriasis 23, 49 rashes 155 sweat 177 washing 175, 177–8 see also eczema smallpox 25–7, 29, 30–1, 38, 266 smells: faeces 248 pheromones 100–2 Smith, Mark 252–3, 259, 261–2 smoking 145 snail, ram’s horn 83 Snow, John 35, 45–6 soaps 168–71, 172, 175, 177–8 social behaviour, autism 88 Soho, London 34–5, 45–6, 135 soil: ammonia-oxidising bacteria 176 antibiotic contamination 164–5 Somalia 25, 50–1 sore throats 152, 153, 173–4 South Africa 153–4 South America 47, 173, 214 South Pacific islands 58 Spain 151 sperm donors 260–1 spores, Clostridium difficile 234 squid, Hawaiian bobtail 11 Staphylococcus 20, 21, 36, 131, 172, 177, 213, 219 Staphylococcus aureus 154, 171, 172, 271 statins 269 steroids 116 stinkbugs 205 stomach 13 cancer 144 digestion 180 gastric bypasses 61, 66, 81–2 microbes in 21 ulcers 73–4, 144 stools see faeces Strachan, David 116–17, 118–19, 121, 131 Streptococcus 20, 150, 160, 172, 173–5, 206, 213, 215, 219, 229 Streptococcus pneumoniae 217 stress: irritable bowel syndrome 63, 92–3 leaky gut syndrome and 141 and stomach ulcers 73–4 stress hormones 93 strokes 50, 107, 183, 199, 256, 268 Stuebe, Alison 225 Stunkard, Dr Albert 59 Sudden Infant Death syndrome 222–3 Sudo, Nobuyuki 93 sugars 198 digestion 70, 180 falling consumption of 188–9 high-sugar diets 185–6, 192–3 and obesity 189–90 oligosaccharides 216 Sulawesi 142 superfoods 114 supermarkets 75, 159, 169, 182–3 surgery: antibiotic use 37 Caesarean sections 209–15, 220, 274 gastric bypasses 61, 66, 81–2 hygiene 34 Sutterella 282 sweat 101–2, 176–7 Sweden 51, 66–7, 131, 150, 157 Swiss mice 99 Switzerland 52 syphilis 27, 28, 158 T helper cells 118–19, 132 T regulatory cells (Tregs) 133–4, 144, 243 Tanzania 246 tapeworms 118 Tel Aviv University 101, 126 termites 181 testosterone 171, 267 tetanus 90–1 tetracycline antibiotics 168 throats, sore 152, 153, 173–4 thyroid hormones 171 ticks 1–2 tics, physical 282 toads 83–4 tonsillitis 223 Toronto 51 Tourette’s syndrome 42, 98–9, 175, 246 toxic megacolon 156, 245 Toxoplasma 84, 85, 96–7, 98–9, 112, 261 transplants, faecal 245, 248–57, 258–62 Transpoosion 245, 248 traveller’s diarrhoea 63–4 tree of life 16–17, 123–4 trematode worms 83–4 tribal societies: gut microbiota 262–3, 282 personal hygiene 175–6 triclosan 170–2 tryptophan 103, 105 tuberculosis 27, 29, 268 Turkey 97 Turnbaugh, Peter 68–70, 160, 182 Tutsi 201 twenty-first-century illnesses 37–43, 46–53, 266–9 antibiotics and 158–9 and Caesarean sections 212 diet and 183 dysbiosis 64–5 faecal transplants and 254 gender differences 267 inflammation 243, 268 see also allergies; autoimmune diseases; mental health conditions; obesity typhoid 27, 30 ulcerative colitis 42, 49, 144 ulcers, stomach 73–4, 144 United States of America: affluence and disease 47 antibacterial products 172 antibiotic use in livestock 147–8, 164, 165, 272 antibiotics 37, 150, 151, 152, 163, 215 breast-feeding 225–6 Caesarean sections 209–10 diabetes 52, 167 encephalitis lethargica 173 faecal transplants 252–4 fall in calorific intake 189 fibre consumption 197 gut microbiota 262–3 infant mortality 222–3 infectious diseases 27 irritable bowel syndrome 63 obesity 41–2, 46, 49, 58, 75, 81 supermarkets 183 vaccination schemes 31 University of Bern 101 University of Birmingham 25–6 University of Bristol 130 University of Colorado, Boulder 4, 213, 281–2 University of Gothenburg 66, 131 University of Guelph, Ontario 109, 111, 259 University of North Carolina School of Medicine 225 University of Western Ontario 106 University of Wisconsin 74–5 unsaturated fatty acids 188 upper respiratory tract infections (URI) 152, 153, 222 urinary tract 19 urinary tract infections 155, 157 urine, triclosan in 171 US Department of Agriculture (USDA) 189 US Navy 160 uterine cancer 145 vaccinations 25, 26–7, 29–31, 35, 91, 118, 165 vagina: microbes 19, 205–9, 212–14, 229 probiotic inserts 239 vaginal birth 209–12, 220, 274, 278 vagus nerve 91, 104–5 vampire bats 124–5, 181 vancomycin 91, 161 vegans 164 vegetables: antibiotic contamination 164–5, 272 digestion 70 fibre content 190–1, 276 Five-a-Day campaign 273 prebiotics 258 vegetarian diet 71, 192 Venezuela 262–3 Vetter, David 126–8, 181 Vibrio cholerae 135–7 Vienna General Hospital 32–3 viruses 8 antibiotics and 152 and autoimmune diseases 167 chicken disease 57, 61, 74–5, 76–7, 78 flu pandemic 48 menstrual cycle 229 and obesity 57, 61, 74–8 polio 27–8, 29, 31, 38, 266 rabies 29–30, 84, 85 smallpox 25–7, 29, 30–1, 38, 266 vitamins 16, 227–8 colon and 180–1 deficiencies 221 enzymes and 263 synthesis by bacteria 23 vitamin B12 23, 228 Vrieze, Anne 255, 256–7 VSL#3 242–4 Walkerton, Canada 62 wallabies 181 warblers, garden 54–6, 57, 73, 77, 78 Warren, Robin 74 washing 172–3, 175, 177–8 Washington University, St Louis 67, 247, 262 water birth 214 water supply: antibacterial products in 171, 172 cholera epidemic 34–5, 45–6, 135 chlorination 172 and irritable bowel syndrome 62 water-borne diseases 34–6 wealth, and twenty-first-century illnesses 46–8 weaning 226 weight gain: calories and 77–8 in pregnancy 230 see also obesity weight loss: dieting 59, 148–9, 184, 186–7, 197, 199 faecal transplants and 257 garden warblers 55–6 raw-food diet 199 Wellcome Collection, London 279 West Papua 176 Western diet 185–6 wet nursing 220–1 wheat 7, 111, 139, 194 wheat intolerance 38, 199–202 Whipple’s disease 85, 106, 107 white blood cells 45 Whitlock, David 176, 177–8 whooping cough 27 Whorwell, Peter 62–3, 252 Wold, Agnes 131–2, 134 women: acne 142–3 antibiotic use 150 breast-feeding 216–20, 221, 222–6, 230–1, 274–5, 278, 285 Caesarean births 209–15, 220, 274 consumption of fats 188 death in childbirth 32–3 lupus 168 menstrual cycle 229 obesity and cancer 145 pregnancy 229–30 Toxoplasma infection 96–7 transfer of microbes to babies 204–9, 212–14 and twenty-first-century illnesses 51–2, 267 vaginal births 209–12, 220, 274, 278 World Health Organisation (WHO) 25–6, 31, 211, 225, 239, 278, 285 The Worm, number of genes 7, 8 worms 83–4, 118 wounds 34, 36 Wrangham, Richard 198–9 xylan 191 Xylanibacter 185, 191 yeasts 8 yogurt 206, 237, 239–40, 244 Zobellia galactanivorans 192 zonula occludens toxin (Zot) 136–7, 139 zonulin 137, 139–40, 200 ABOUT THE AUTHOR ALANNA COLLEN is a science writer with a master’s degree in biology from Imperial College London and a PhD in evolutionary biology from University College London and the Zoological Society of London.


pages: 543 words: 157,991

All the Devils Are Here by Bethany McLean

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Asian financial crisis, asset-backed security, bank run, Black-Scholes formula, call centre, collateralized debt obligation, corporate governance, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, diversification, Exxon Valdez, fear of failure, financial innovation, fixed income, high net worth, Home mortgage interest deduction, interest rate swap, laissez-faire capitalism, Long Term Capital Management, margin call, market bubble, market fundamentalism, Maui Hawaii, moral hazard, mortgage debt, Northern Rock, Own Your Own Home, Ponzi scheme, quantitative trading / quantitative finance, race to the bottom, risk/return, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, shareholder value, short selling, South Sea Bubble, statistical model, telemarketer, too big to fail, value at risk

(Slickdaddy G told Bob that in one especially good month he took home $125,000.) In some places, like Ameriquest’s Sacramento offices, where Bob had taken a job in 2005, drug usage was an open secret, former loan officers say, especially coke and meth, so that the loan officers could sell fourteen hours a day. And the money poured in. It wasn’t just Ameriquest, either. In 2006, at a Washington Mutual retreat for top performers in Maui, employees performed a rap skit called “I Like Big Bucks.” To the tune of “Baby’s Got Back,” the crew rapped: I like big bucks and I cannot lie You mortgage brothers can’t deny That when the dough rolls in like you’re printin’ your own cash And you gotta make a splash You just spends Like it never ends ’Cuz you gotta have that big new Benz. What triggered subprime two—besides some very short memories—was Alan Greenspan’s decision to push interest rates down to near historic lows during the first few years of the new century to keep the economy from faltering.

In 2004, Jim Belushi was the emcee and the rock band Third Eye Blind played. In 2005, the head of national sales, Mary Jo Shelton, was shot out of a cannon to start the festivities, and the Black Eyed Peas played. One loan officer, Joe McGregor, just out of college, won a Hummer that year. When someone asked him if he was excited, he replied, “Well, yeah. I’ve already got one.” The company also gave its top three hundred loan officers an all-expenses-paid trip to Hawaii in 2005. “The amount of money the company had to throw around was staggering,” says a former corporate employee. “These guys in sales who were twenty-five years old and maybe had a couple years of college were making incredible money and driving Porsches. It felt like something was wrong.” When they weren’t partying, the young loan officers at Ameriquest were under enormous pressure to move loans.

He began the e-mail with what amounted to an acknowledgment of reality: “As we are all aware Stan has begun a major undertaking to assure that we reduce midline expenses as rapidly as possible and to be reduced at least in concert with expected revenue reductions from our production divisions.” He continued, “I want you to examine our risk profile.” But then, as he wound it up, he displayed where his heart really was: “By the way,” he wrote, “we must continue to grow our sales force and all other businesses that keep the top line increasing particularly in the origination channels.” In late 2006, another meeting of mortgage executives was taking place, this one in Kauai, Hawaii. This was a gathering of Washington Mutual’s top producers. As part of the festivities, a handful of WaMu employees did a skit about a funeral for one of its competitors. At the podium, one employee solemnly read a note. “For this day, we have lost one of the true legends in our industry.” As he spoke, a coffin imprinted with a logo was carried out onto the stage by four pallbearers dressed in black, wearing black sunglasses.


pages: 415 words: 123,373

Inviting Disaster by James R. Chiles

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airline deregulation, cuban missile crisis, Exxon Valdez, Maui Hawaii, Milgram experiment, North Sea oil, Piper Alpha, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman: Challenger O-ring, risk tolerance

Crew continued, though reactor proved unstable at low power. When operators tried to use control rods, graphite tips of rods displaced water from channels and brought power level to 100 times maximum allowed, causing two explosions. Government evacuated 135,000 people from 1,000-square-mile area. Deaths: estimated 5,000–10,000 (mostly cleanup workers). Aloha Airlines 737 airliner: blowout of upper fuselage skin Maui, Hawaii, United States April 28, 1988 Aluminum corrosion, adhesive weakening, and fatigue from use of 19-year-old aircraft for short-haul flights caused fracture and explosive blowout of skin at 24,000 feet altitude. Made hole 18 feet in length. Airflow sucked one flight attendant out. Pilot retained control and landed safely. Deaths: 1. Pacific Engineering & Production Company of Nevada: fire and explosion of 4,500 tons of ammonium perchlorate Henderson, Nevada, United States May 4, 1988 Factory near Las Vegas made oxidizer chemical for solid-rocket motors and had unusually large stocks on hand in 1988 because of suspension of space shuttle flights after the Challenger disaster.

Comet 1 (airliner): two aircraft exploded in midair in separate incidents Mediterranean Sea January 10, 1954, and April 8, 1954 Aluminum skin of first jet airliner suffered fatigue cracking from pressurization-depressurization cycles, though manufacturer had initially pressure-tested fuselage severely. On the only aircraft that could be recovered for study, analysis showed fracture started at corner of navigation window. Deaths: 56 (passengers and crew). Sargo (submarine): fire in rear compartment Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, United States June 15, 1960 The Sargo was loading liquid oxygen from a tanker truck. Malfunction in submarine’s stern ignited violent oxygen-enriched fire that could be extinguished only by sinking vessel at stern. Deaths: 1. Legion Field Stadium: discovery of structural weakness in new upper deck Birmingham, Alabama, United States October 21, 1960 Engineer for structural steel fabricator noticed that wind bracing for stadium’s new steel upper deck seemed loose.


pages: 559 words: 155,372

Chaos Monkeys: Obscene Fortune and Random Failure in Silicon Valley by Antonio Garcia Martinez

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Airbnb, airport security, Amazon Web Services, Burning Man, Celtic Tiger, centralized clearinghouse, cognitive dissonance, collective bargaining, corporate governance, Credit Default Swap, crowdsourcing, death of newspapers, El Camino Real, Elon Musk, Emanuel Derman, financial independence, global supply chain, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, hive mind, income inequality, interest rate swap, intermodal, Jeff Bezos, Malcom McLean invented shipping containers, Mark Zuckerberg, Maui Hawaii, means of production, Menlo Park, minimum viable product, move fast and break things, Network effects, Paul Graham, performance metric, Peter Thiel, Ponzi scheme, pre–internet, Ralph Waldo Emerson, random walk, Sand Hill Road, Scientific racism, second-price auction, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, Snapchat, social graph, social web, Socratic dialogue, Steve Jobs, telemarketer, urban renewal, Y Combinator, éminence grise

The title came from “New Rich,” and the 250 from its originally involving the first 250 or so employees, or so the story goes (and at this point it’s more than just early Facebookers). Yes, they were literally nouveaux riches in all senses of the term, and from all reports (more than one member has dished to me) they acted like it. How to buy land under an LLC to hide the fact you’re amassing a compound, the best resort on Maui, how to book or lease private jets, the best high-end credit cards to use, and so forth. But not a word of it while on campus. In day-to-day terms, it was something like what the famous Google masseuse Bonnie Brown wrote in her autobiography about that company’s encounter with the bipartite wealth split: A sharp contrast developed between Googlers working side by side. While one was looking at local movie times on his monitor, the other was booking a flight to Belize for the weekend.

A passing boat would then rescue the drenched member of the tech elite from drowning or death by great white shark, which occasionally populated the entrance to the Golden Gate. Naturally, one of the elite Valley confabs revolved exclusively around kiteboarding. A senior venture capitalist at Charles River Ventures named Bill Tai (along with professional kiteboarder Susi Mai) hosted the punnily named MaiTai kiteboarding camp in Hawaii. Like all things Valley, it mixed a certain hippie, back-to-nature transcendentalism (the organization supports several ocean charities), that American obsession with athletics, and the hard-nosed hustle of the entrepreneur. Unlike Eastern yacht clubs, where access to the stolid establishment is gated by birth or balance sheet, access to MaiTai is bought via a mix of social capital, personal brand, and/or some ineffable flavor of cool, which often manifests itself as perceived “thought leadership” in an industry.

Coupled with another tech salary from a spouse, it would be the high-six-figure take-home that would permit a normal, though not posh, life in what was becoming the country’s priciest city. It meant that I and my hypothetical spouse could afford a house, though we’d need a mortgage, as average apartment prices in Noe Valley were $1.5 million or so. (Want a proper house? You’re talking $3 million and up.) It meant the kids could attend private school and avoid the public school savages. It meant occasional weekends in Tahoe, Christmas somewhere exotic, and Hawaii a couple of times a year, maybe. It meant a new BMW X5 for the missus every three years, and maybe splurging on a Tesla S for me. But that’s about it. And if I lost the Facebook teat, kiss it all good-bye; already-public companies weren’t comping at these rates, and earlier-stage companies were paying piles of risky paper. There are only two inflection points in personal wealth, two points where your life really changes.


pages: 356 words: 186,629

Frommer's Los Angeles 2010 by Matthew Richard Poole

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AltaVista, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, Donald Trump, El Camino Real, Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Bilbao, Haight Ashbury, Maui Hawaii, Saturday Night Live, sustainable-tourism, upwardly mobile

—GLAMOUR MAGAZINE “Hotel information is close to ency clopedic.” —DES MOINES SUNDAY REGISTER “Frommer’s Guides have a way of giving y ou a real feel for a place.” —KNIGHT RIDDER NEWSPAPERS A B O U T T H E AU T H O R Matthew Richard Poole, a native Californian, has authored more than two dozen travel guides to California, Hawaii, and abroad. Before becoming a full-time travel writer and photographer, he worked as an English tutor in Prague, a ski instructor in the Swiss Alps, and a scuba instructor in Maui and Thailand. His other titles include Frommer’s California, Frommer’s San Francisco, Frommer’s Irreverent Guide to San Francisco, Frommer’s San Francisco Free & Dirt Cheap, and Frommer’s Portable Disneyland. Matthew is also Publisher & Co-founder of LocalGetaways.com, and you can follow his travel tweets at www.twitter.com/GetawayGuru.

Gladstone’s is popular f or afternoon/evening drinking and offers nearly 20 seafood appetizer platters; it ’s also k nown for its decadent choc olate dessert, the Mile High Chocolate Cake, large enough for the whole table. It’s open Sunday through Thursday from 8am to 10pm, Friday and Saturday from 8am to 11pm. Parking is $5.50. 6 S A N TA M O N I C A & T H E B E A C H E S Duke’s Malibu , 21150 Pacific Coast Hwy. (at Las Flores Canyon; & 310/3170777; www.dukesmalibu.com). Lovers of Hawaii and all things P olynesian will thrive in this outpost of the Ha waiian chain. I magine a S outh P acific T.G.I. Friday’s wher e the f ood is sec ondary t o the dec or, then add a r ocky per ch atop br eaking wa ves, and y ou ha ve this sur fing-themed cr owd-pleaser. I t’s worth a visit for the memorabilia alone —the place is named for Hawaiian surf legend “Duke” Kahanamoku. Duke’s offers up pretty good food at inflated but not outrageous prices.

Finds Japanese American National Museum Located in an architecturally acclaimed modern building in LittleTokyo, this soaring pavilion—designed by renowned architect Gyo Obata—is a priv ate nonprofit institute cr eated to document and celebrate the histor y of the J apanese in America. The permanent and r otating exhibits chronicle Japanese life in the U nited States, highlighting distinctiv e aspects of J apanese-American culture ranging from the internment camp experience during the early years of World War II to the lives of Japanese Americans in Hawaii. The experience is made even more poignant by the personal accounts of the docents, many of whom are 173 Moments A Great Day in Downtown L.A. 369 E. 1st St. (at C entral Ave.), Los Angeles. & 213/625-0414. www.janm.org. Admission $9 adults , $5 seniors, $5 students and kids 6–17, free for kids ages 5 and under; free to all the 3rd Thurs of each month and every Thurs after 5pm. Wed–Sat 11am–5pm (Thurs until 8pm).


pages: 538 words: 147,612

All the Money in the World by Peter W. Bernstein

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Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, Bill Gates: Altair 8800, call centre, corporate governance, currency peg, David Brooks, Donald Trump, estate planning, family office, financial innovation, George Gilder, high net worth, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, job automation, job-hopping, Long Term Capital Management, Martin Wolf, Maui Hawaii, means of production, Menlo Park, Mikhail Gorbachev, new economy, PageRank, Peter Singer: altruism, pez dispenser, popular electronics, Renaissance Technologies, Rod Stewart played at Stephen Schwarzman birthday party, Ronald Reagan, Sand Hill Road, school vouchers, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Thorstein Veblen, too big to fail, traveling salesman, urban planning, William Shockley: the traitorous eight, women in the workforce

He is appealing a conviction in France on insider-trading charges. Return to text. *15 Zillow.com was started by two former Microsoft executives, Richard Barton and Lloyd Frink, who also created Expedia.com. Return to text. *16 Oprah Winfrey is another big buyer31 of real estate along the California coast, with a forty-two-acre estate in Montecito that she bought for $50 million in 2001. She also owns 102 acres of waterfront property in Maui and a $6 million co-op and $800,000 condo in Chicago, the home of her Harpo television studios, plus a ten-thousand-square-foot house in Greenwich and condos in Atlanta, Milwaukee, Nashville, Fisher Island, Florida, and Franklin, Tennessee. Return to text. *17 The couple divorced in 2000. Return to text. *18 His fortune now depleted (he last appeared on the 400 list in 1995), Steinberg, sixty-eight, has had health problems since suffering a stroke in 1995.

In 1994 Jacobs negotiated a nine-figure annual salary, and Winfrey became the top-earning female performer in the country. She already owned her production company, Harpo (Oprah spelled backward), which holds her magazines, online media, and television interests. She also owns the film studios where her talk show is taped in Chicago. Her far-flung real-estate holdings include a chunk of prime coastline in Hawaii, as well as an extravagant 1920s Spanish Colonial mansion that she and partner Stedman Graham share in exclusive Montecito, California. Off camera, Oprah is a generous woman and one of the top givers in showbiz. In 2005 alone, she gave nearly $52 million64 to help others, according to the Chronicle of Philanthropy. In 2007 she opened a $40 million Oprah Winfrey Leadership Academy in South Africa for young girls whose families, many devastated by AIDS, are unable to pay their school fees.


pages: 390 words: 125,082

Years of the City by Frederik Pohl

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Albert Einstein, Buckminster Fuller, card file, East Village, Maui Hawaii, medical malpractice, pattern recognition

The really hard-hit victims were still in intensive care and more than two thousand persons had actually died—irreversibly dead, some of them, though most had been quick-frozen for a better day, when the doctors decided that a spark remained but the immediate prognosis was bad. The crisis was over. The called-up E.S. people were beginning to get their releases. Kriss celebrated by tumbling into the bed in Maris’s room, just vacated by a recovering tourist couple from the island of Maui. Gwenanda, with the nurse from Omaha, labored to get the cots and mattresses stacked for pickup and the apartment somewhat tidied up, then stretched out beside Maris again and allowed herself once more to drift off into a nap. When she woke, Maris was standing beside the bed. She had bathed herself and changed her clothes and brushed her hair, and she held out a glass of juice to Gwenanda. “Drink it, muddy,” she commanded, “because you have to keep taking fooids.”

The Jefferson Commonwealth Building was a plagiarism from that pleasantest of office structures, the Rockefeller on East 42d Street. It was thirty stories tall, and the portion of it nearest the street was a garden. The street wall was three hundred vertical feet of glass. Behind the glass was a bower. There was a gently flowing stream, with pink-and-white and golden carp moving restlessly through it. There were ti-flowers from Hawaii, and a banyan; there was a grove of half a dozen banana and orange trees, and almost every week there were half a dozen tree-ripened oranges or a hand or two of firm green bananas for the secretaries to take home. Winter or summer, the little tropic paradise on Eighth Avenue stayed at seventy-eight degrees, and passersby, sweltering or frozen or drenched, would gaze enviously in at heaven. Only gaze.


pages: 385 words: 128,358

Inside the House of Money: Top Hedge Fund Traders on Profiting in a Global Market by Steven Drobny

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Albert Einstein, asset allocation, Berlin Wall, Bonfire of the Vanities, Bretton Woods, buy low sell high, capital controls, central bank independence, Chance favours the prepared mind, commodity trading advisor, corporate governance, correlation coefficient, Credit Default Swap, diversification, diversified portfolio, family office, fixed income, glass ceiling, high batting average, implied volatility, index fund, inflation targeting, interest rate derivative, inventory management, Long Term Capital Management, margin call, market bubble, Maui Hawaii, Mexican peso crisis / tequila crisis, moral hazard, new economy, Nick Leeson, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, out of africa, paper trading, Peter Thiel, price anchoring, purchasing power parity, reserve currency, risk tolerance, risk-adjusted returns, risk/return, rolodex, Sharpe ratio, short selling, Silicon Valley, The Wisdom of Crowds, too big to fail, transaction costs, value at risk, yield curve, zero-coupon bond

Others I would like to thank for being great supporters of the business since its infancy and of me throughout my career: Kenan Altunis, Zar Amrolia, Barry Bausano, Kieran Cavanna, Marc Cohen, Graham Duncan, Peter Early, Christian Exshaw, Adrian Fairbourn, Kevin Giblin, Chris Gorman, Steve Gregornik, Rashid Hoosenally, Bill Lawton, Kevin Lecocq, Andrew Marsh, Joe Nicholas, David O’Connor, Christian Pandolfino, Cliff Papish, Mike Reveley, Tim Rustow, Greg Skibiski, Chris Smith, Steve 356 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Solomon, Mark Strome, Yai Sukonthabhund, James Tar, Jim Turley, Steve Turner, and Bobby Vedral. I would also like to thank my parents, Don and Susie, my sister Paige, and my extended family in Maui, Iowa, and Wales for being the greatest supporters. Finally, last but certainly not least, I would like to thank my wife, Clare, for being my biggest fan as well as putting up with me for more than the year it has taken to realize this (admittedly wildly underestimated) undertaking. Steven Drobny Manhattan Beach, California January 2006 Bibliography For additional information, go to www.insidethehouseofmoney.com or send any questions to book@drobny.com.

They loved it, I started writing, and the business began from there.The newsletter has since evolved into a community discussion among smart people, partly as a result of my own need to interact with traders. Do you think hedge fund managers today are handicapped not being in a trading floor type of environment? It depends on the trader. Some people work on their own and manage their inputs very closely.Those people could be working on the beach in Hawaii and still be successful. Other people need to be in the mix of it because they need to constantly be fed by what’s going on around them. I’m in this category, but nowadays there is an abundance of available information so you don’t have to be on a trading floor. 120 INSIDE THE HOUSE OF MONEY While at Bankers Trust, I was the first guy in the markets to start a daily document about markets. Daily documents didn’t exist then, but I had this European morning commentary which was my regular thoughts on whatever came up.


pages: 483 words: 143,123

The Frackers: The Outrageous Inside Story of the New Billionaire Wildcatters by Gregory Zuckerman

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American energy revolution, Asian financial crisis, Bakken shale, Bernie Sanders, Buckminster Fuller, corporate governance, credit crunch, energy security, Exxon Valdez, housing crisis, hydraulic fracturing, LNG terminal, margin call, Maui Hawaii, North Sea oil, oil rush, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, peak oil, Peter Thiel, reshoring, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, sovereign wealth fund, Steve Jobs, urban decay

Aubrey and his wife also bought an $8.6 million home on Bermuda’s so-called billionaire’s row near homes owned by New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg, billionaire Ross Perot, and former Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi. The McClendons spent $12 million to give the property a makeover. Later, Katie McClendon paid $11 million for the next-door house overlooking a spectacular cliff on Windsor Beach. McClendon also paid $20.8 million for an eight-acre estate nearby that once was owned by descendants of industrialist Henry Clay Frick, but he later sold it for a small profit. They also owned properties in Minnesota, Maui, and near Vail, Colorado.5 McClendon was always on the lookout for new ways to spend his cash. Riding a Jet Ski on Lake Michigan on vacation, he spotted “the prettiest home along the lake,” he later said.6 He spent $40 million to buy the lakeside home and millions more to purchase 330 acres for a massive resort, including a hotel, nine-hole golf course, marina, and one hundred residences, a development that locals fought to stop.

He chafed at raising boatloads of money for deals he wasn’t participating in and felt he was little more than a well-paid matchmaker introducing wealthy oil barons to his bosses. “It was ‘just go to the Middle East, bring money back, and we’ll decide what to do with it,’” he says. “The job sounded more interesting than it actually was.” Souki quit in 1978 and began raising money for deals that he himself found. There was a refinery in Long Beach, California, a hotel in Hawaii, an office building in Paris, and more. He continued to crisscross the Middle East, but he also made inroads with wealthy investors in various European capitals. Souki became an even more effective salesman and was thrilled to work on his own transactions. He kept a small percentage of each deal for himself, hired bankers to work for him, and began investing his own money in the most attractive opportunities.


pages: 898 words: 253,177

Cadillac Desert by Marc Reisner

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affirmative action, Albert Einstein, California gold rush, clean water, Golden Gate Park, hacker house, jitney, Maui Hawaii, oil shale / tar sands, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Silicon Valley, trade route, transcontinental railway, uranium enrichment, Works Progress Administration

He was going to get Congress to appropriate money for a new building—a new building that would, in time, become known as the Floyd E. Dominy Building. Under his tutelage, the Bureau’s public relations department produced a picture book called Inside Building Fifty-six. In it were photographs of rusting pipes, of rotting ceilings suspended over bowed heads, of huddled secretaries typing in overcoats. Accompanying the pictures was a text that might have described the Sheraton Maui. It was, especially from engineers, a high-class piece of wit. The results, however, were negligible. Udall was frightened of a new building’s cost; a few Congressmen even wondered out loud why such a brochure should be produced at public expense. That was enough to make Dominy mad, but not half as mad as he was when he learned that the General Services Administration, run by a close friend of James Carr—the same Jim Carr who had told Dominy that the Bureau’s headquarters were adequate—erected a new building next door to house the complex’s garbage cans.

Two hours away, on the east side of the Cascades, rainfall drops to a third of what the Willamette Valley ordinarily receives; not only that, but the whole of eastern Oregon is much higher than the section west of the Cascades, and lacks a marine influence, so the climate is far colder as well. It can be forty above zero in Eugene and ten below zero in Bend, a two-hour drive to the east. In eastern Oregon, not only must a farmer irrigate but he is extraordinarily limited, compared to his Willamette Valley counterpart, in the types of crops he can grow. Around Bakersfield, California, an irrigation farmer can raise the same crops that one sees growing in Libya, southern Italy, Hawaii, and Iraq: pistachios, kiwis, almonds, grapes, olives, melons, crops whose value per cultivated acre is astonishingly high. An hour’s drive away, across the Tehachapi Mountains, lies the Antelope Valley, a high-desert region with a cold interior climate that can bring frost in May, and where little but alfalfa and grass can be grown. Both Bakersfield and the Antelope Valley are within Kern County, whose climatic extremes are rather typical of California, and, for that matter, of many counties throughout the West.

The Hayden-Dominy scripts were of dubious enough ethical propriety for Dominy to keep them locked in the Bureau’s sensitive files, their existence known to only a handful of aides. Old, frail, and sick as he was, Hayden was still a man no one wanted to cross, and Dominy, knowing this, basked as long as he could in his failing light. “When you walked into Dominy’s office,” says John Gottschalk, “the first thing you saw was a huge framed picture of Hayden and Dominy getting off a plane in Hawaii all decked out in leis. Hayden’s inscription went something like this: ‘As this photograph was being taken I was thinking to myself that Floyd Dominy is the greatest Reclamation Commissioner who ever lived.’ “It was powerful medicine,” says Gottschalk. “There’s no member of Congress today who’s nearly as powerful as Hayden was then. You’d walk in there to complain about something the Bureau did and see that picture and say to yourself, ‘How the hell am I going to go up against this man and win?’


pages: 661 words: 187,613

The Language Instinct: How the Mind Creates Language by Steven Pinker

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Albert Einstein, cloud computing, David Attenborough, double helix, Drosophila, elephant in my pajamas, finite state, illegal immigration, Loebner Prize, Maui Hawaii, meta analysis, meta-analysis, natural language processing, out of africa, P = NP, phenotype, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, speech recognition, Steven Pinker, theory of mind, transatlantic slave trade, Turing machine, Turing test, Yogi Berra

The pidgin did not offer the speakers the ordinary grammatical resources to convey these messages—no consistent word order, no prefixes or suffixes, no tense or other temporal and logical markers, no structure more complex than a simple clause, and no consistent way to indicate who did what to whom. But the children who had grown up in Hawaii beginning in the 1890s and were exposed to the pidgin ended up speaking quite differently. Here are some sentences from the language they invented, Hawaiian Creole. The first two are from a Japanese papaya grower born in Maui; the next two, from a Japanese/Hawaiian ex-plantation laborer born on the big island; the last, from a Hawaiian motel manager, formerly a farmer, born in Kauai: Da firs japani came ran away from japan come. “The first Japanese who arrived ran away from Japan to here.” Some filipino wok o’he-ah dey wen’ couple ye-ahs in filipin islan’.

Some 40 languages between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea belong to the family called Caucasian (not to be confused with the informal racial term for the typically light-skinned people of Europe and Asia). Sino-Tibetan includes Chinese, Burmese, and Tibetan. Austronesian, having nothing to do with Australia (Austr- means “south”), includes the languages of Madagascar off the coast of Africa, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, New Zealand (Maori), Micronesia, Melanesia, and Polynesia, all the way to Hawaii—the record of people with extraordinary wanderlust and seafaring skill. Vietnamese and Khmer (the language of Cambodia) fall into Austro-Asiatic. The 200 aboriginal languages of Australia belong to a family of their own, and the 800 of New Guinea belong to a family as well, or perhaps to a small number of families. Japanese and Korean look like linguistic orphans, though a few linguists lump one or both with Altaic.

Between 1988 and 1992, many people suspected that the chief executive of the United States and his second-in-command were not playing with a full linguistic deck: I am less interested in what the definition is. You might argue technically, are we in a recession or not. But when there’s this kind of sluggishness and concern—definitions, heck with it. I’m all for Lawrence Welk. Lawrence Welk is a wonderful man. He used to be, or was, or—wherever he is now, bless him. —George Bush Hawaii has always been a very pivotal role in the Pacific. It is IN the Pacific. It is a part of the United States that is an island that is right here. [Speaking to the United Negro College Fund, whose motto is “A mind is a terrible thing to waste”:] What a terrible thing to have lost one’s mind. Or not to have a mind at all. How true that is. —Dan Quayle And who knows what unrepeatable amalgam of genes creates the linguistic genius?


pages: 598 words: 172,137

Who Stole the American Dream? by Hedrick Smith

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Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airline deregulation, anti-communist, asset allocation, banking crisis, Bonfire of the Vanities, British Empire, business process, clean water, cloud computing, collateralized debt obligation, collective bargaining, corporate governance, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, currency manipulation / currency intervention, David Brooks, Deng Xiaoping, desegregation, Double Irish / Dutch Sandwich, family office, full employment, global supply chain, Gordon Gekko, guest worker program, hiring and firing, housing crisis, Howard Zinn, income inequality, index fund, informal economy, invisible hand, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Rogoff, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, laissez-faire capitalism, late fees, Long Term Capital Management, low cost carrier, manufacturing employment, market fundamentalism, Maui Hawaii, mortgage debt, new economy, Occupy movement, Own Your Own Home, Peter Thiel, Plutonomy: Buying Luxury, Explaining Global Imbalances, Ponzi scheme, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, Renaissance Technologies, reshoring, rising living standards, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Shenzhen was a fishing village, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Steve Jobs, The Chicago School, The Spirit Level, too big to fail, transaction costs, transcontinental railway, union organizing, Unsafe at Any Speed, Vanguard fund, We are the 99%, women in the workforce, working poor, Y2K

By comparison, Vanasek reported losses on fixed-rated thirty-year mortgages as less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 52 Had to be shut down entirely Senator Levin, opening statement, hearing, April 13, 2010; see also memorandum to Washington Mutual Board of Directors from General Auditor Randy Melby, April 17, 2006, Exhibit 10, Levin subcommittee, April 13, 2010. 53 Wall Street was so slow to detect Senator Levin, transcript, hearing, April 13, 2010, Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, 66, citing SEC filings by Washington Mutual, Levin noted that the bank’s Option ARM sales had been $67 billion in 2004 and $63 billion in 2005. 54 Option ARMs had been recklessly approved Ronald Cathcart, chief risk management officer, Washington Mutual, December 2005–April 2008, prepared statement, April 13, 2010, Levin subcommittee hearing. 55 “Employee malfeasance” Memo to James Vanasek, Washington Mutual, November 17, 2005, Exhibit 22a, Levin subcommittee; Retail Risk Overview, Washington Mutual Credit Risk Management, November 16, 2005, with attached chain of email messages, Exhibit 22b, Levin subcommittee, April 13, 2010. 56 The prime offenders Final report, “Wall Street and the Financial Crisis: Anatomy of a Financial Collapse,” April 13, 2011, Levin subcommittee, 95–101. 57 “Extremely high incidence of confirmed fraud” Tim Bates, email to James Vanasek, August 30, 2004, Exhibit 23b, Levin subcommittee; “Memorandum of Results: AIG/UG and OTS Allegation of Loan Frauds Originated by [name deleted],” Washington Mutual, April 4, 2008, Exhibit 24, Levin Subcommittee, April 13, 2010; Ann Hedger, Office of Thrift Supervision examiner, “Loan Fraud Investigation,” to David Schneider, president of home loans, Washington Mutual, June 19, 2008, Exhibit 12a, Levin subcommittee, hearing, April 6, 2010, www.​hsgac.​senate.​gov/​public/​_files/​Financial_​Crisis/​041610Exhibits.​pdf. 58 “Found to be completely fabricated” Washington Mutual, string of emails, August 29, 2005, to November 19, 2005, and December 14, 2007, Exhibits 23a and 23b, Levin subcommittee, April 13, 2010. 59 But no firings or shake-ups Loan Fraud Investigation Report, Washington Mutual, January 7, 2007, Exhibit 25, Levin subcommittee; Risk Mitigation and Mortgage Fraud Review, September 8, 2008, Exhibit 34, Levin subcommittee, April 13, 2010. 60 Insurance giant AIG “Wall Street and the Financial Crisis: Anatomy of a Financial Collapse,” Majority and Minority Staff Report, Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, April 13, 2011, 96–101. 61 “Elements of fraud found by AIG” Loan Fraud Investigation Report, Washington Mutual, Jan. 7, 2007, Exhibit 25; Risk Mitigation and Mortgage Fraud Review, Sept. 8, 2008, Exhibit 34, Levin subcommittee, April 13, 2010. 62 Still, WaMu’s top brass Majority and Minority Staff Report, “Wall Street and the Financial Crisis,” April 13, 2011, 63. 63 WaMu’s leaders showered Fragoso “Awards Night Show Script,” Washington Mutual Home Loans President’s Club 2005—Maui, Exhibits 63a and 63b, Levin subcommittee, April 13, 2010. 64 Insider fraud was pervasive Federal Housing Finance Agency Inspector General Report, 2003, cited in “Fannie Mae Knew Early of Abuses, Report Says,” The New York Times, October 4, 2011. 65 The FBI first publicly warned “FBI Warns of Mortgage Fraud ‘Epidemic,’ ” CNN, September 17, 2004, http://​articles.​cnn.​com. 66 Fraud was epidemic Richard Bitner, Confessions of a Subprime Lender: An Insider’s Tale of Greed, Fraud, and Ignorance (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2008), 39–72. 67 “More than 70 percent” Richard Bitner, prepared statement, Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission, April 7, 2010, http://​fcic-​static.​law.​stanford.​edu/​cdn_​media/​fcic-​testimony/​2010​–​0407-​Transcript.​pdf. 68 “ ‘Arts and crafts weekends’ ” William Black, interview, September 26, 2010. 69 “Open invitations to fraudsters” “Eighth Period Mortgage Fraud Case Report to Mortgage Bankers Association,” Mortgage Assets Research Institute, April 2006. 70 “Fraud or misrepresentation in almost every file” Fitch Ratings, “The Impact of Poor Underwriting Practices and Fraud in Subprime RMBS Performance,” November 28, 2007. 71 Hedge fund managers In The Big Short, Michael Lewis tells the compelling tale of how each of them doped out the ugly reality beneath the mythic conventional wisdom on Wall Street and in Washington and then took the risk of betting against the crowd, and won. 72 Long Beach Mortgage loans were attractive Goldman Sachs Flipbook, “Abacus 2007–AC1, $2 Billion Synthetic CDO,” February 26, 2007. 73 Goldman was accused of duplicity “SEC Accuses Goldman of Fraud in Housing Deal,” The New York Times, April 17, 2010; “Goldman Pays $550 Million to Settle Fraud Case,” The New York Times, July 16, 2010. 74 Paulson had included “Profiting from the Crash,” The Wall Street Journal, October 31, 2009. 75 Goldman’s double-dealing Gretchen Morgenson and Louise Story, “Banks Bundled Bad Debt, Bet Against It, and Won,” The New York Times, December 24, 2009. 76 “It makes me ill” Greg Smith, “Why I Am Leaving Goldman Sachs,” The New York Times, March 14, 2012. 77 Goldman executives took issue “Public Rebuke of Culture at Goldman Opens Debate,” The New York Times, March 15, 2012. 78 “Without those AAA ratings” “Bringing Down Wall Street as Ratings Let Loose Subprime Scourge,” Bloomberg, September 24, 2008, http://​www.​bloomberg.​com; and “ ‘Race to Bottom’ at Moody’s, S&P Secured Subprime’s Boom, Bust,” Bloomberg, September 25, 2008, http://​www.​bloomberg.​com. 79 A conflict of interest Eric Kolchinsky, internal Moody’s memo, August 28, 2009. 80 Moody’s earnings from exotic financial vehicles Elliot Blair Smith, “Bringing Down Wall Street as Rating Let Loose Subprime Scourge,” Bloomberg, September 24, 2008. 81 Bernanke said he saw no threat Binyamin Appelbaum and David Cho, “Fed’s Approach to Regulation Left Banks Exposed to Crisis,” The Washington Post, December 21, 2009; Ben Bernanke, “The Subprime Mortgage Market,” speech, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, May 17, 2007, http://​www.​federalreserve.​gov. 82 “When the music stops” “Citigroup Chief Stays Bullish on Buy-Outs,” Financial Times, July 9, 2007. 83 Bond-rating agencies turned thumbs down “Rate Agencies Move Toward Downgrading Some Mortgage Bonds,” The New York Times, July 11, 2007; “Ratings Cut Near for Debt Products,” The New York Times, July 12, 2007; “Market Shock: AAA Rating May be Junk,” The New York Times, July 20, 2007. 84 “Caused hundreds of billions of losses” Eric Kolchinsky, statement to Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission, June 2, 2010. 85 “Making liars’ loans” Black, interview, September 26, 2010. 86 Find buyers who didn’t yet know the score Drew DeSilver, “Reckless Strategies Doomed WaMu,” Seattle Times, December 23, 2009; string of Washington Mutual emails, February 14–20, 2007, Exhibit 40b, Levin subcommittee; Dave Beck, testimony given April 13, 2010, Levin subcommittee. 87 The bank swooned “FDIC Crashes WaMu’s Birthday Bash,” Reuters, September 25, 2008, http://​blogs.​reuters.​com. 88 Killinger walked off with more than $100 million Washington Mutual Securities Litigation, amended class action complaint, U.S.

Management treated the quality control staff like second-class citizens, cramming them in a conference room instead of giving them offices and then ousting them during meetings. “I don’t think there was ever a time when people in the firm paid attention to us,” Kosch said. “We were the black sheep of the family. Everyone hated us…. “The fraud was there—you could see it,” she went on. “I am not saying everyone was fraudulent. But the loan officers who were making the most money and the most loans were the most fraudulent. And they were rewarded with trips to Hawaii and to Florida. Two or three years down the road, a lot of those loans turned out to be foreclosures because the borrowers couldn’t make the payments.” The most obvious fraud, she said, was on stated income loans, especially for relatively low earners like self-employed gardeners and housekeepers. To Kosch, one telltale sign was that brokers would use the same inflated income figures loan after loan—about $4,000 a month—without any documentation, and they would cite impossible bank balances.

In fact, just the opposite happened. WaMu’s leaders showered Fragoso and Ramirez with accolades, despite the fraudulent loans linked to them by WaMu’s investigators. Fragoso and Ramirez were not only paid handsomely, they were given WaMu’s highest corporate honor, year after year, from 2004 to 2007—selection to the bank’s highly touted President’s Club. This gave them all-expenses-paid first-class trips to Hawaii, private suites at a swanky hotel, and a cornucopia of valuable gifts as well as personal praise from CEO Kerry Killinger and home loans president David Schneider. “Arts and Crafts Weekends” By many accounts, this kind of insider fraud was pervasive. Fannie Mae, the quasi-governmental guarantor of many mortgage loans, was getting fraud warnings about the mortgage industry as early as 2003.


pages: 624 words: 180,416

For the Win by Cory Doctorow

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barriers to entry, Burning Man, double helix, Internet Archive, inventory management, loose coupling, Maui Hawaii, microcredit, New Journalism, Ponzi scheme, Post-materialism, post-materialism, random walk, RFID, Silicon Valley, skunkworks, slashdot, speech recognition, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, supply-chain management, technoutopianism, union organizing, urban renewal, wage slave

She was staying at something called the Polynesian Resort hotel, and the brochure showed a ticky-tacky tiki-themed set of longhouses set on an ersatz white-sand beach, with a crew of Mexican and Cuban domestic workers in leis, Hawai’ian shirts, and lava-lavas waving and smiling. Her package included a complimentary luau—the pictures made it clear this was nothing like the tourist luaus she’d attended in Maui. On top of that, she was entitled to a “character breakfast” with a wage-slave in an overheated plush costume, and an hour with a “resort counsellor” who’d help her plan her trip for maximal fun. The bullet train came and took on the passengers, families bouncing with anticipation, joking and laughing in every language spoken. These people had just come through a US Customs checkpoint and they were acting like the world was a fine place.

She rocked her head from side to side and took a long swig of the coffee that their waiter had distributed around the table, topping up from the carafe he’d left behind. “Thank God for legal stimulants.” “Long flight?” “Traveling with larvae is always a challenge,” she said. “But they dug it hard. You should have seen them at the windows.” “They’d never been on a plane before?” “I like to go camping,” she said with a shrug. “Landon’s always on me to take the kids to Hawaii or whatever, but I’m always like, ‘Man, you spend half your fucking life in a tin can—why do you want to start your holidays in one? Let’s go to Yosemite and get muddy.’ I haven’t even taken them to Disneyland!” Perry put the back of his hand to his forehead. “That’s heresy around here,” he said. “You going to take them to Disney World while you’re in Florida? It’s a lot bigger, you know—and it’s a different division.


pages: 559 words: 169,094

The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America by George Packer

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Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, bank run, big-box store, citizen journalism, cleantech, collateralized debt obligation, collective bargaining, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, deindustrialization, diversified portfolio, East Village, El Camino Real, Elon Musk, family office, financial independence, financial innovation, Flash crash, Henry Ford's grandson gave labor union leader Walter Reuther a tour of the company’s new, automated factory…, housing crisis, income inequality, informal economy, Jane Jacobs, life extension, Long Term Capital Management, low skilled workers, margin call, Mark Zuckerberg, market bubble, market fundamentalism, Maui Hawaii, Menlo Park, new economy, New Journalism, obamacare, Occupy movement, oil shock, peak oil, Peter Thiel, Ponzi scheme, Richard Florida, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, shareholder value, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, single-payer health, smart grid, Steve Jobs, strikebreaker, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the scientific method, too big to fail, union organizing, urban planning, We are the 99%, We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters, white flight

He bought a San Francisco restaurant-nightclub called Frisson, where he hosted Facebook’s million-users party. He threw other parties—fundraisers, book or company launches—at his mansion, for fifty or a hundred guests, and at the most outré the male servers sometimes went shirtless or wore nothing but aprons. He contributed millions of dollars to conservative causes and candidates. After the housing bubble burst, he bought the San Francisco mansion for $6.5 million, then an oceanfront spread on Maui for $27 million, and he rented a loft above Union Square in Manhattan. His houses were decorated in impeccably contemporary fashion for no one in particular. “There is this strange way in which the amount of inequality just kept growing,” he later said. “In the seventies, I didn’t know anyone who was a millionaire. That would have been really rich, that was unusual. In the late eighties at Stanford, there were a few people who were wealthier, but something like the twenty-to-thirty-million range was colossally wealthy.

Ron and Jennifer took out a $110,000 mortgage and built a three-bedroom house, refinanced to pay their bills, took out an equity line to put on a new roof, then refinanced again to pay off their cars, put in the patio, buy a boat, and blow the rest on cruises and trips with the kids to Disney World. There was Bunny—“just Bunny”—who grew up on Utopia Parkway in Queens, New York, then chased the sun and the good life to Hawaii, Arizona, and West Palm Beach, before ending up in a subdivision called Twin Lakes on State Road 54 in Pasco County, where she bought for $114,000, then watched her house go up to $280,000 in six years. And others came from farther afield. There was Usha Patel, the daughter of a successful contractor in Gujarat. Usha grew up a spoiled brat who was driven around by a chauffeur and never had to clean her dinner plate.