Mason jar

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pages: 306 words: 94,204

Farm City: The Education of an Urban Farmer by Novella Carpenter

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back-to-the-land, crack epidemic, David Attenborough, dumpster diving, Golden Gate Park, haute cuisine, Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, Mason jar, McMansion, New Urbanism, Port of Oakland, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Silicon Valley, urban decay, urban renewal, Whole Earth Catalog

So the first order of the day was to dip the birds’ beaks into a dish of water and teach them to drink on their own. I picked up my first victim, a little yellow chick covered in a soft, downy fuzz, and held her tiny pink beak up to the homemade waterer. It consisted of a mason jar with tiny holes drilled into the lid; when the jar was turned upside down into a shallow dish, capillary action allowed only a bit of water to dribble out and pool in the dish. Amazingly, the chick knew just what to do. She sipped up a beakful of water, then tilted her head back to swallow. The mason-jar waterer glugged, and more water seeped out. I released her into the cardboard-box brooder, and she wandered over for another sip of water. Then she realized she was alone. She peeped and stumbled around the shredded newspaper looking for her companions.

Then the honey dripped down and collected at the bottom, where a spigot opened to let it pour out. Commercial beekeepers use plug-in knives, automated de-cappers, and motorized extractors, and they heat and filter their honey. Instead, Joel and family steadied our extractor, which had a tendency to keel over, cranked it as hard as they could, then let the honey drizzle out into a few quart-size mason jars. We were all sticky with honey and buzzed from licking our fingers and chewing on the leftover wax, which reminded Margaret of chewing gum. We extracted eight quarts of honey in less than an hour. When we lived in Seattle, it took days to get the honey out. Our new machine was impressive indeed. “If you get bees, you’re welcome to borrow this,” I told Joel. I could see it in his eyes. Hear it in the giddy laughter of his children.

She hadn’t been successful so far because she was always getting distracted with some project or other. Something skittered across her kitchen floor. “Bunnies!” Nico shouted when she saw my eyes following the shadow. There were four of them—two with white and brown spots, one pure white, and one solid brown—milling around the couch. “The woman I bought them from,” Nico said, offering me a homemade pickle from a murky mason jar, “lived entirely off a quarter of an acre of land.” “Really?” I said. “Eating rabbits?” I didn’t know much about rabbit tending, except that my back-to-the-land parents had once raised them for meat. Nico’s plan was grander than mere survival; she had high-end dining in her sights. Rabbit had recently been showing up on the menus of fancy restaurants, and Nico, always a dabbler looking for a new project, bought three young females and a solid brown buck named Simon with the idea that she would sell their offspring to these restaurants.

 

pages: 281 words: 43,793

Paleo Eats: 111 Comforting Gluten-Free, Grain-Free and Dairy-Free Recipes for the Foodie in You by Kelly Bejelly

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Mason jar

Pour the hollandaise sauce over the top and serve immediately. VARIATION: EGGS BENEDICT WITH POACHED EGGS To make poached eggs, bring 4 cups of water just to the point of boiling in a deep sauté pan or skillet. Reduce the heat to medium and add 1 teaspoon of apple cider vinegar. Using tongs, lower 4 small-mouth metal mason jar rings into the water. Working with one egg at a time, crack an egg into a small heatproof cup. Place the cup just above the surface of the hot water and slowly slide the egg into the center of a mason jar ring. This will help keep the egg whites from spreading out. Repeat with 3 more eggs. Turn off the heat and poach until the egg whites are cooked, approximately 4 minutes. Remove the eggs with a slotted spoon. Berry Parfait Fresh ripe berries, panna cotta, and homemade granola combine to create the perfect grab-and-go treat for breakfast.

Place all of the ingredients in a 6-quart slow cooker and stir well to combine. 2. Cook on the high setting for 6 to 8 hours. The result will be a chunky-style sauce. If you want a smooth sauce, you can purée it in the slow cooker using an immersion blender or purée it in small batches in a regular blender. 3. This sauce will keep for a week in the refrigerator. You can also freeze it in freezer-safe wide-mouth mason jars and reheat as needed. Thai Almond Sauce This easy, no-cook sauce has an authentic Thai taste. You would never guess that it’s made with almond butter instead of the traditional peanut butter. It is thick, nutty, and rich with spices, and it makes a great dipping sauce for chicken, beef, or pork. The dishes you make with it are limited only by your imagination! I love throwing it in a cast-iron skillet with chicken and serving it over Garlic Fried Rice (see here).

 

pages: 370 words: 60,067

The Autoimmune Paleo Cookbook & Action Plan: A Practical Guide to Easing Your Autoimmune Disease Symptoms With Nourishing Food by Michelle Anderson

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Community Supported Agriculture, Mason jar

Fermentation produces beneficial probiotic bacteria that assist in the digestive process and promote gut health. 2 heads green cabbage, finely shredded (set aside about 8 large outer leaves) ¼ cup sea salt 1. Sterilize three or four 1-quart mason jars and their lids by dipping them in boiling water using tongs. Carefully set aside. Thoroughly wash everything you will be using. 2. Place the shredded cabbage in a very large bowl, layering it with the salt. 3. Massage and scrunch the cabbage with your hands until liquid starts to purge out, and the cabbage becomes limp and watery, about 10 minutes. 4. Pack the cabbage into the clean jars and pour any leftover liquid in the bowl into the jars. 5. Cover the cabbage in the jars with the reserved leaves so that the shredded vegetable stays submerged in the liquid. 6. Place a small jelly jar filled with clean rocks or marbles on the leaves in the tops of the mason jars to weigh down the sauerkraut. 7. Cover the mouth of each jar with a square of fine mesh cheesecloth secured with a rubber band (leave off the jar lids).

The most important part of pickling is to be sure everything you use is scrupulously clean. This includes your own hands, the jars and lids, and the pot you boil the water and salt in for the brine. The cucumbers should also be blemish-free, with no soft or discolored spots, to create safe and deliciously crisp pickles. 20 to 24 (4-inch) pickling cucumbers 4 garlic cloves, smashed 4 bay leaves 3 cups filtered water, plus more as needed ¼ cup sea salt 1. Sterilize two 1-quart mason jars and their lids by dipping them in boiling water using tongs. Carefully set aside. Thoroughly wash everything you will be using. 2. Pack the jars halfway full with the cucumbers, then add 1 garlic clove and 1 bay leaf to each jar. Press down firmly. 3. Pack the remaining cucumbers in the jars and add 1 garlic clove and 1 bay leaf to the top of each jar. Leave about 2 inches of free space at the top of each jar.

 

pages: 104 words: 34,784

The Trouble With Brunch: Work, Class and the Pursuit of Leisure by Shawn Micallef

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big-box store, call centre, cognitive dissonance, David Brooks, deindustrialization, ghettoisation, Jane Jacobs, knowledge worker, Mason jar, McMansion, new economy, post scarcity, Richard Florida, Ronald Reagan, Thorstein Veblen, urban sprawl, World Values Survey

It was as if a casting director had instructed a group of well-dressed extras with elaborately tied scarves to stand in a line that didn’t look like a line. Non-conformists, all of them, like their non-conformist cousins in Toronto and elsewhere. Directly in front of the small restaurant itself was a row of five or six pink wooden patio tables and chairs with a handful of people sitting down at them, arms folded to ward off the cool May air. In the middle of each table, as at so many brunch places around the world, a Mason jar had been repurposed to hold cut roses. We made our way past this human tableau to the front door and did the apprehensive ‘We’re-not-cutting-we’re-just-checking’ door opening where we were met by a fashionable and frowning hostess who sighed and, looking at the non-line, said, in English, it would be a while before something inside was available, but we could sit outside immediately if we wanted to, so we did.

Beloved, once-working-class urban areas like Toronto’s Kensington Market, New York’s Lower East Side and Williamsburg, or London’s Hackney have been transformed into places that maintain the general aesthetic of their working-class roots but perform a much more complicated role in the lifestyle of middle-class people. There’s a reason so many brunch places have such a distinctly rough-edged aesthetic: plain wooden chairs, worn wood reclaimed from barns, the substantial bill for the experience tucked into an old mason jar: they are all artifacts of the real. They lend an experience that’s highly performative, artificial and under a utilitarian sheen of authenticity. They say, This is a real experience, connected and rooted, not concocted. Physicality is important; it provides connections to people who did things and to actual objects that age and alter. It’s a strange kind of ju-jitsu – a rejection of the trappings of middle-class life in favour of a more expensive and cleaner simulation of working-class life.

 

pages: 298 words: 81,200

Where Good Ideas Come from: The Natural History of Innovation by Steven Johnson

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Ada Lovelace, Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, carbon-based life, Cass Sunstein, cleantech, complexity theory, conceptual framework, cosmic microwave background, crowdsourcing, data acquisition, digital Maoism, discovery of DNA, Dmitri Mendeleev, double entry bookkeeping, double helix, Douglas Engelbart, Drosophila, Edmond Halley, Edward Lloyd's coffeehouse, Ernest Rutherford, Geoffrey West, Santa Fe Institute, greed is good, Hans Lippershey, Henri Poincaré, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, hypertext link, invention of air conditioning, invention of movable type, invention of the printing press, invention of the telephone, Isaac Newton, Islamic Golden Age, Jacquard loom, James Hargreaves, James Watt: steam engine, Jane Jacobs, Jaron Lanier, John Snow's cholera map, Joseph Schumpeter, Joseph-Marie Jacquard, Kevin Kelly, lone genius, Louis Daguerre, Louis Pasteur, Mason jar, Mercator projection, On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres, online collectivism, packet switching, PageRank, patent troll, pattern recognition, price mechanism, profit motive, Ray Oldenburg, Richard Florida, Richard Thaler, Ronald Reagan, side project, Silicon Valley, silicon-based life, six sigma, Solar eclipse in 1919, spinning jenny, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Great Good Place, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, transaction costs, urban planning

BUNSEN BURNER (1856) German chemist Robert Bunsen developed the burner in order to carry out experiments on spectral emissions of elements, for which the technology did not yet exist. Stymied by the weak gas burners of the day, Bunsen produced a burner with an incredibly hot and nearly invisible flame, and it became the standard laboratory burner many still use today. MASON JAR (1858) Improving upon the inefficient jars commonly used at the time, tinsmith John L. Mason invented a type of jar that would one day bear his name: a blocky glass container with a screw top and rubber lining to create an airtight seal. The Mason jar became essential in preserving perishable goods. LEAD-ACID BATTERY (1859) French physicist Gaston Plante invented the first rechargeable battery while experimenting with the conductive power of rolled sheets of lead and sulfuric acid. NATURAL SELECTION (1859) Natural selection was first formulated by Charles Darwin in the late 1830s, though he did not publish his ideas until 1859 in his book The Origin of Species, after being spurred on by the very similar theories that had been independently developed by the British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace.

Kosterlitz, Hans Krebs cycle Kuhn, Thomas Kühne, Wilhelm Kundra, Vivek Laennec, René Lamarckianism Landsteiner, Karl Langton, Christopher Lanier, Jaron Lasers Lavoisier, Antoine Lee, William Leeuwenhoek, Antonie Philips van Lehrer, Jonah Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm Lenormand, Louis-Sébastien Leonardo da Vinci Lessig, Lawrence Libby, Willard Liebig, Justus von Life, origins of simulation of Light spectrum of speed of Lightbulbs Lightning rods Lilienthal, Otto Linnaeus, Carl Lion, Alexandre Lippershey, Hans Liquid networks Lithography Lloyd, Edward Locke, John Locomotives Loewi, Otto Logarithms London cholera in Science Museum University World’s Fair (1862) Long-zoom perspective Looms, mechanization of Loschmidt, Joseph Louis XIII, King of France Lovelace, Ada Lyell, Charles Magnetism Malthus, Thomas Maps Google Mercator projection Marconi, Guglielmo Marin le Bourgeoys Mariotte, Edme Marius, Simon Martin, Odile Marx, Karl Mason, John Mason jars Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Building Mass production Mathematical symbols Mauna Kea Mauritius Maybach, Wilhelm Mayer, Marissa McClure, Frank T. McGaffey, Ives W. McKeen, William McPherson, Isaac Mellotron synthesizer Mendel, Gregor Mendeleev, Dmitri Mendelian genetics Mercator projection Mesopotamia Metabolism, relationship of size to Michelangelo Microorganisms Microscopes Microsoft Building Windows Windows Media Player Microwave ovens Microwaves Milky Way Miller, Stanley L.

 

Not That Kind of Girl: A Young Woman Tells You What She's "Learned" by Lena Dunham

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book scanning, Mason jar, Saturday Night Live

I liked everything that led up to it: the guessing, the tentative, loaded interactions, the stilted conversation on the cold walks home, looking at myself in the mirror in someone else’s closet-sized bathroom. I liked the glimpse it gave me into my partner’s subconscious, which was maybe the only time I actually believed anyone besides me even existed. I liked the part where I got the sense that someone else could, maybe even did, desire me. But sex itself was a mystery. Nothing quite fit. Intercourse felt, often, like shoving a loofah into a Mason jar. And I could never sleep afterward. If we parted ways, my mind was buzzing and I couldn’t get clean. If we slept in the same bed, my legs cramped and I stared at the wall. How could I sleep when the person beside me had firsthand knowledge of my mucous membranes? Junior year of college, I found a solution to this problem: platonic bed sharing, the act of welcoming a person you’re attracted to into your bed for a night that contains everything but sex.

Rather than admit that he didn’t want to waste two hours watching a woman’s interior life unfold, he would tell me these films “lack structure.” Structure was a constant topic. He built shelves, wrote scripts, and dressed for the cold weather with a rigor and discipline that, while initially intriguing, came to feel like living under a Communist regime. Rules, rules, rules: no mixing navy and black, no stacking books horizontally, pour your beverage into a twenty-ounce Mason jar, and make sure something big happens on this page. 5 This is a reference to when I told him that, as a child, I was hypnotized by my own beauty. This was the time in life before I learned it wasn’t considered appropriate by society at large to like yourself. 6 Although he worked a job that involved heavy lifting and hard labor, his true passion was writing fiction, and after much cajoling on my part he gave me one of his stories to read.

“What are we gonna do to him?” Her Brooklyn accent only comes out when she’s angry. This is the best part. “I can’t do this anymore,” I say, and crumple against the window. He sits in the driver’s seat of his green jeep, wondering what I’m so upset about while I cry behind my sunglasses. We park in silence, and he leads me back to his apartment like I’m a little kid in trouble. We shut the door, and he fills a Mason jar with water and tells me I’m the only person who has ever mattered to him. He says he knows I feel the same way, his face contorted in the only display of emotion I’ve seen since we met. Finally, after three more attempts at ending it—at the beach, on the phone, via email—I sit with my friend Merritt at a sidewalk café in Park Slope. It’s a little too cold to be outside and we wear our sunglasses, shrinking down into our hoodies.

 

pages: 500 words: 145,005

Misbehaving: The Making of Behavioral Economics by Richard H. Thaler

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Albert Einstein, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Andrei Shleifer, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, Atul Gawande, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, Black-Scholes formula, capital asset pricing model, Cass Sunstein, Checklist Manifesto, choice architecture, clean water, cognitive dissonance, conceptual framework, constrained optimization, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, delayed gratification, diversification, diversified portfolio, Edward Glaeser, endowment effect, equity premium, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, experimental economics, Fall of the Berlin Wall, George Akerlof, hindsight bias, Home mortgage interest deduction, impulse control, index fund, invisible hand, Jean Tirole, John Nash: game theory, John von Neumann, late fees, law of one price, libertarian paternalism, Long Term Capital Management, loss aversion, market clearing, Mason jar, mental accounting, meta analysis, meta-analysis, More Guns, Less Crime, mortgage debt, Nash equilibrium, Nate Silver, New Journalism, nudge unit, payday loans, Ponzi scheme, presumed consent, pre–internet, principal–agent problem, prisoner's dilemma, profit maximization, random walk, randomized controlled trial, Richard Thaler, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Coase, Silicon Valley, South Sea Bubble, statistical model, Steve Jobs, technology bubble, The Chicago School, The Myth of the Rational Market, The Signal and the Noise by Nate Silver, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, transaction costs, ultimatum game, Walter Mischel

If you want to get people to do stuff, lotteries can be very effective motivation. 9 Buckets and Budgets In those interviews with families that I used to inform my thinking about how households manage their finances, we learned that many households, especially those on a tight budget, used explicit budgeting rules. For families that dealt mostly in cash (credit cards were just coming into use at this time in the late 1970s), many would often use some version of an envelope system. One envelope (or mason jar) for rent, another for food, another for utilities, and so forth. In many cases the particular method used was one they had learned from their parents. Organizations do something similar. Departments have budgets, and there are limits for specific categories within those budgets. The existence of budgets can violate another first principle of economics: money is fungible, meaning that it has no labels restricting what it can be spent on.

Some of that money might be spent on improving the grade of gasoline, but only a minuscule amount. On average, if a family’s income goes up by $1,000 a year, their propensity to buy something other than regular grade gasoline increases by only 0.1%. So a family of Econs might decide to treat their car to one tank a year of mid-grade gas, and spend the rest of their windfall on things more valuable. Suppose instead a family of Humans has a gas budget, possibly kept in a mason jar in the kitchen. Like the Econ family, they will spend some of that money on taking more road trips, but they might also think, hey, gasoline is so cheap now I might as well buy the good stuff. That is exactly what Hastings and Shapiro found. The shift toward higher grades of gasoline was fourteen times greater than would be expected in a world in which money is treated as fungible. Further supporting the mental accounting interpretation of the results, the authors found that there was no tendency for families to upgrade the quality of two other items sold at the grocery stores, milk and orange juice.

It remains to be seen whether the norm of paying off the mortgage before retirement will ever reemerge. If the long-expected trend of rising interest rates ever gets started, we may see people resume the habit of paying off their mortgage because refinancing will be less enticing at higher rates. Otherwise, home equity might remain a leaky bucket. Like most aspects of mental accounting, setting up non-fungible budgets is not entirely silly. Be it with mason jars, envelopes, or sophisticated financial apps, a household that makes a serious effort to create a financial plan will have an easier time living within its means. The same goes for businesses, large or small. But sometimes those budgets can lead to bad decision-making, such as deciding that the Great Recession is a good time to upgrade the kind of gasoline you put in your car. 10 At the Poker Table During my time at Cornell, a group of economics faculty members met periodically for a low-stakes poker game.

 

pages: 476 words: 148,895

Cooked: A Natural History of Transformation by Michael Pollan

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biofilm, bioinformatics, Columbian Exchange, correlation does not imply causation, dematerialisation, Drosophila, energy security, Gary Taubes, Hernando de Soto, Louis Pasteur, Mason jar, microbiome, peak oil, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Steven Pinker, women in the workforce

No less an authority than Steinkraus had written that the safety record of fermented vegetables was very good even when “the foods are manufactured by people without training in microbiology or chemistry in unhygienic, contaminated environments.” (That would be me.) One USDA scientist went so far as to claim that there has never been a documented case of food-borne illness from eating fermented vegetables. Suitably reassured, I bought a case of quart-sized Mason jars at the hardware store. I did not sterilize them, just rinsed them out with some hot tap water. I also ordered online a 7.5-liter German sauerkraut crock. The perimeter of this ceramic crock has a deep circular well into which the lid fits; filling this moat with an inch or two of water creates an airlock that prevents oxygen from getting in while allowing the carbon dioxide emitted during fermentation to bubble out.

According to Katz, there are two basic approaches to fermenting vegetables: leafy ones, like cabbage, are best fermented in their own juices, whereas others require the addition of a brine to keep them fully submerged in liquid. The saltiness of the brine is a matter of personal preference, but several of the sources I consulted recommended 5 percent, so I started with that. I dissolved the salt in a pot of hot water (roughly an ounce of salt for every three cups of water), to which I added various combinations of spices.* While the mixture cooled on the stovetop, I packed the vegetables into a Mason jar (usually with cloves of garlic, sometimes with sliced ginger as well) and then poured the brine over them. Katz had said the vegetables should be completely submerged, but invariably some insist on floating to the top, exposing themselves to oxygen—and the possibility of rot. I tried a variety of tricks to force them back underwater, including a saucer, some Ping-Pong balls, a plastic bag filled with pebbles, and some weighted grape leaves.

Three days after filling it, the big crock of kraut began to stir, every few minutes emitting a bubble of gas with a resonant cartoony-sounding baritone burble. Fermentation had begun, which meant it was time to move the crock to a cooler location in the basement, so that it wouldn’t proceed too fast. So what was going on in there, deep within those thick brown ceramic walls? This sort of microbial cooking is invisible and gradual—not much drama to observe, apart from the occasional bubble or bulging of lids on the Mason jars. Yet there was a kind of drama unfolding in these containers, a microscaled drama I had set in motion simply by shredding and salting some dead plant parts. In doing so, I had created a very particular environment—an ecological niche that was in the process of being colonized by new life. (In this respect, too, the crock resembled a fish tank—only this was a microbe tank.) But what was uncanny was how the niche had populated itself—spontaneously.

 

All About Asset Allocation, Second Edition by Richard Ferri

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asset allocation, asset-backed security, barriers to entry, Bernie Madoff, capital controls, commodity trading advisor, correlation coefficient, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, diversification, diversified portfolio, equity premium, estate planning, financial independence, fixed income, full employment, high net worth, Home mortgage interest deduction, implied volatility, index fund, Long Term Capital Management, Mason jar, mortgage tax deduction, passive income, pattern recognition, random walk, Richard Thaler, risk tolerance, risk-adjusted returns, risk/return, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Sharpe ratio, too big to fail, transaction costs, Vanguard fund, yield curve

Bernie Madoff’s former clients know that too well. Planning for Investment Success 9 THE ASSETS IN ASSET ALLOCATION At its core, asset allocation is about dividing your wealth into different places to reduce the risk of a large loss. One hundred years ago, that may have meant your burying some cash in Mason jars around the barn in addition to hiding money in your mattress and the cookie jar. If your house went up in flames, at least the buried Mason jar money would survive. I am not advocating putting money in a mattress or in Mason jars as an asset allocation strategy. This book focuses on placing money in publicly available investments such as mutual funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs), and how that fits in with other assets such as your home, other real estate, businesses, hard assets such as coins and art, restricted corporate stock and stock options, and any claim you have on employer pensions, Social Security, and an annuity income.

 

pages: 522 words: 144,511

Sugar: A Bittersweet History by Elizabeth Abbott

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agricultural Revolution, Bartolomé de las Casas, British Empire, flex fuel, land tenure, Mason jar, Ralph Waldo Emerson, spinning jenny, strikebreaker, trade liberalization, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, women in the workforce, working poor

As food historian Waverley Root explains, “The rivalry between white and brown sugar provides a chapter in the history of snobbery.”591 As it became more affordable, white sugar also became a status symbol as people served it to guests and relegated brown sugar to the kitchen or for private use. As a measure of snobbery, sugar worked remarkably well, with molasses as its lowest form and refined white sugar its highest, and in between them, many grades of brown and coarser sugar. The 1858 invention of the Mason jar greatly increased the demand for white sugar. The Mason jar, a reusable, heavy glass container that could be tightly sealed, enabled women to preserve fruits and vegetables they could serve year-round. Because canning required white sugar rather than brown sugar or molasses, it, too, contributed to a large increase in the consumption of white sugar. ICE CREAM AND SODAS Ice cream, also sugar laden, was a popular urban treat.

., 364 Lenzi, Philip, 49 Lewinsky, Monica, 385, 386 Lewis, Matthew, 84, 122, 136, 137, 138, 190, 198, 200, 202, 252 Liftin, Hilary, 400 Lili’uokalani, Queen of Hawaii, 337–39, 338 Lindt, Rudolphe, 363 Liverpool, 152–55 lobbying efforts, 170–78, 382–96 London Missionary Society, 224, 248 Long, Edward, 136, 137, 162, 221 Lorber, Daniel, 399 Louisiana: climate, 280–81; milling techniques, 282–83; plantations, 290; planters lifestyle, 291–92; racism in, 292, 299; slaves in, 283–88; sugarcane production in, 282–83; sugar culture, 290–91 Louisiana Purchase, 280, 349 Louisiana Sugar Planters Association, 300 Louis XIV, King of France, 56, 280 Louis XVI, King of France, 57, 144 Lubolo, Juan, 207, 208 Macao, 331 Macaulay, Thomas Babington, 270 Madison, Dolley, 50 Malaviya, Madan Mohan, 316 Malinche, 30–31 Malone, Ann Patton, 286 Mansfield, Lord, 221, 222 manufacturing, and slavery, 149–50, 151 Maria Theresa of Spain, 56 Maroons, 205–9, 228 marronage, 119, 194, 205–9 Marryat, Frederick, 50 Mars, Forrest, 364–65 Mars, Frank, 364–65 Martinique: British takeover, 177; duties on sugar, 177; planters, 127; slavery, 102, 107, 128, 134, 145, 179, 200; sugarcane cultivation, 83 Mary of Hungary, 42–43 Mason jars, 353 Masters and Servants Act, 343 Matthews, John, 351 Mauritius, 322–24 Mayhew, Henry, 358 McWilliams, James E., 352, 353, 376 medical concerns about sugar, 27, 53–54, 374, 399 Medici, Marie de’, 46 Mediterranean, 13, 18, 19 Meissen Royal Manufactory, 58 Melanesia, 341–44, 347 mercantilist policies, 177–78, 227 Mexico, 304–7, 308 middle classes, 46, 56, 60 Middle East, 12, 13 Middle Passage, 75–80, 111, 153, 197, 228, 236, 268 Middleton, Sir Charles, 230, 233 Middleton, Lady Margaret, 230 migrant workers, 327 milling techniques, 17, 282–83, 300, 347 mills, 19, 273–74, 301 Mintz, Sidney, 15, 16, 22, 67, 70, 81 missionaries, 224–25, 227, 261, 265, 266–68, 335, 342, 345 mixed-race children, 137, 143–47, 154, 190, 322 mixed-race unions, 128, 134–38, 143–47 molasses, 20, 70, 91, 150, 177, 283, 378 Montesino, Friar Antón, 33 Montesquieu, Charles-Louis de Secondat, 222, 223 Montserrat, 40, 172, 268 Moore, Catherine Maria, 162 Moore, Sir Henry, 162 More, Hannah, 230 Moret Law, 277 Moxham, Roy, 51 Mozambique, 327 M.S.

 

pages: 304 words: 22,886

Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness by Richard H. Thaler, Cass R. Sunstein

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Al Roth, Albert Einstein, asset allocation, availability heuristic, call centre, Cass Sunstein, choice architecture, continuous integration, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, desegregation, diversification, diversified portfolio, endowment effect, equity premium, feminist movement, framing effect, full employment, George Akerlof, index fund, invisible hand, late fees, libertarian paternalism, loss aversion, Mahatma Gandhi, Mason jar, medical malpractice, medical residency, mental accounting, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Milgram experiment, pension reform, presumed consent, profit maximization, rent-seeking, Richard Thaler, risk tolerance, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Saturday Night Live, school choice, school vouchers, transaction costs, Vanguard fund, Zipcar

The concept is beautifully illustrated by an exchange between the actors Gene Hackman and Dustin Hoffman in one of those extra features offered on dvds. Hackman and Hoffman were friends back in their starving artist days, and Hackman tells the story of visiting Hoffman’s apartment and having his host ask him for a loan. Hackman agreed to the loan, but then they went into Hoffman’s kitchen, where several mason jars were lined up on the counter, each containing money. One jar was labeled “rent,” another “utilities,” and so forth. Hackman asked why, if Hoffman had so much money in jars, he could possibly need a loan, whereupon Hoffman pointed to the food jar, which was empty. According to economic theory (and simple logic), money is “fungible,” meaning that it doesn’t come with labels. Twenty dollars in the rent jar can buy just as much food as the same amount in the food jar.

For example, mental accounting contributed to the large increase in stock prices in the 1990s, as many people took on more and more risk with the justification that they were playing only with their gains from the past few years. Similarly, people are far more likely to splurge impulsively on a big luxury purchase when they receive an unexpected windfall than with savings that they have accumulated over time, even if those savings are fully available to be spent. Mental accounting matters precisely because the accounts are treated as nonfungible. True, the mason jars used by Dustin Hoffman (and his parents’ generation) have largely disappeared. But many households continue to designate accounts for various uses: children’s education, vacations, retirement, and so forth. In many cases these are literally different accounts, as opposed to entries in a ledger. The sanctity of these accounts can lead to seemingly bizarre behavior, such as simultaneously borrowing and lending at very different rates.

 

pages: 1,104 words: 302,176

The Rise and Fall of American Growth: The U.S. Standard of Living Since the Civil War (The Princeton Economic History of the Western World) by Robert J. Gordon

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3D printing, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airline deregulation, airport security, Apple II, barriers to entry, big-box store, blue-collar work, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, clean water, collective bargaining, computer age, deindustrialization, Detroit bankruptcy, discovery of penicillin, Donner party, Downton Abbey, Edward Glaeser, en.wikipedia.org, Erik Brynjolfsson, everywhere but in the productivity statistics, feminist movement, financial innovation, full employment, George Akerlof, germ theory of disease, glass ceiling, high net worth, housing crisis, immigration reform, impulse control, income inequality, income per capita, indoor plumbing, industrial robot, inflight wifi, interchangeable parts, invention of agriculture, invention of air conditioning, invention of the telegraph, invention of the telephone, inventory management, James Watt: steam engine, Jeff Bezos, jitney, job automation, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, labor-force participation, Loma Prieta earthquake, Louis Daguerre, Louis Pasteur, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, Mark Zuckerberg, market fragmentation, Mason jar, McMansion, Menlo Park, minimum wage unemployment, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, new economy, Norbert Wiener, obamacare, occupational segregation, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, payday loans, Peter Thiel, pink-collar, Productivity paradox, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, refrigerator car, rent control, Robert X Cringely, Ronald Coase, school choice, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, Skype, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Pinker, The Market for Lemons, Thomas Malthus, total factor productivity, transaction costs, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, Unsafe at Any Speed, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban sprawl, washing machines reduced drudgery, Washington Consensus, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters, working poor, working-age population, Works Progress Administration, yield management

Another early branded product, still in use today, was Lea and Perrin’s Worcestershire sauce.22 Although isolated examples of canned fruits, vegetables, and seafood had appeared, production in 1870 amounted to less than one can per person per year.23 Home preserving did not take off until after 1900, despite the introduction of the Mason jar in 1859, because of the perceived difficulty of the techniques and the relatively high price of the sugar needed for preserving.24 Canned foods were slow to be accepted in the eastern parts of the country because of expense, worry about contamination, and housewifely pride in “putting up” one’s own food and admiring the rows and rows of Mason jars with their colorful contents. It was in the frontier west that canned goods first reached widespread acceptance, primarily because they were the only way of introducing variety into an otherwise monotonous diet. An 1865 comment extolled the role of canned goods in the west: Few New England housekeepers present such a variety of excellent vegetables and fruits as we found everywhere here, at every hotel and station meal, and at every private dinner and supper.

Transportation among all the Great Inventions is noteworthy for achieving 100 percent of its potential increase in speed in little more than a century, from the first primitive railroads replacing the stagecoach in the 1830s to the Boeing 707 flying near the speed of sound in 1958. Households in the late nineteenth century spent half their family budgets on food, and the transition of the food supply from medieval to modern also occurred during the special century. The Mason jar, invented in 1859 by John Landis Mason, made it possible to preserve food at home. The first canned meats were fed to Northern troops during the Civil War, and during the late nineteenth century a vast array of branded processed foods, from Kellogg’s corn flakes and Borden’s condensed milk to Jell-O, entered American homes. The last step to the modern era, the invention of a method for freezing food, was achieved by Clarence Birdseye in 1916, though his invention had to wait for decades to become practical at home until in the 1950s the electric refrigerator had finally progressed enough to be able to maintain a zero temperature in its freezer compartment.

See men Malthus, Thomas, 31–32 managed care, 490–94, 496–97 managerial/professional employment, 256 manufacturing: American system for, 561–62; assembly line introduced for, 557; decline in, 499, 628–29; globalization and decline in, 633; Index of Industrial Production and Industrial Capacity of, 585–86; occupations in, 249; productivity in, 269–70; wages paid in, 279; work week and hours in, 258 March of Dimes, 467 Marconi, Guglielmo, 21, 191 Margo, Robert, 345, 503, 542, 613 marketing, 597–98 marriage, 630–32, 644 Marshall Field’s (department store), 89, 296–97 Martin, Mary, 417 Mason, John Landis, 5 Mason jar, 5 mass production, 155 Maxwell, James Clark, 191 Maybach, Wilhelm, 150 McAfee, Andrew, 593, 597 McClennan, Mark, 484 McCloskey, Deirdre, 23 McCormick, Cyrus, 28, 263–64, 291, 312, 568 McCullough, J. F., 167 McKinlay, John and Sonja, 213, 215 McNamara, Frank, 450 meat: consumption of, 66, 82, 333–34, 339; production of, 220–22; rationing of, 335 mechanical reaper, 263–64 Mecherle, George, 309 medical care: hospitals for, 226–31; paying for, 234–37; predicting future of, 594; See also health and health care medical professions, 207, 232–33, 244; in 1870, 50–51; after 1940, 476–77; doctors, 224–28; nurses, 230 medical research, 232–33, 480 medical schools, 226–27, 232–33; cost of medical care and, 234 medical technology, 478–82, 594 Medicare and Medicaid, 489–90, 518, 642 medium-sized cities, housing in, 110–12 Meeker, Edward, 215 Memphis (Tennessee), 217 men: elderly, in labor force, 252–53; erectile dysfunction in, 486; housework done by, 277; in labor force, 34, 248, 250; ratio of women to, 630–31; as stay-at-home husbands, 508; tastes in clothing for, 350; teenagers (1870), 58; in working class (1870), 56 mental health, 473 Mercedes (automobiles), 157 Meucci, Antonio, 574 Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS), 452 Microsoft, 452, 453, 574 microwave ovens, 358, 362 middle class, 498; in 1870, 46–47; in 1950s and 1960s, 503; bungalow movement housing for, 108–10; housing for (late nineteenth century), 107; market-purchased clothing for, 85–86; small-town housing for, 111 Midwestern cities, housing in, 105–7 midwives, 231, 274 migrations: in 1870, 35–36; of blacks, 368; housing for, 100; westward, 54 milk, 81–82, 220, 245 Miller, Grant, 207, 217–18, 244 minimum wage, 616, 644, 645 mining industry, 266–67 Minneapolis (Minnesota), 151 Miron, Jeffrey, 646 Mitchell, Margaret, 202 mobile (cell) phones, 411, 430–32, 577–78; smartphones, 437–38, 581 Model A (Ford automobile), 155–56, 559 Model T (Ford automobile), 153–56, 165, 169, 382, 559 Mokyr, Joel, 31; on access to running water, 216; on forecasting innovation, 590; on germ theory of disease, 219; on household production, 208, 278 Montgomery Ward catalog, 63, 90–91, 294, 332 Moore, Gordon, 444, 458 Moore’s Law, 444–47, 458, 524, 588–89, 593, 636 Morrill Acts (1862; 1890), 311–12 Morse, Samuel F.

 

pages: 669 words: 210,153

Tools of Titans: The Tactics, Routines, and Habits of Billionaires, Icons, and World-Class Performers by Timothy Ferriss

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Airbnb, artificial general intelligence, asset allocation, Atul Gawande, augmented reality, back-to-the-land, Bernie Madoff, Bertrand Russell: In Praise of Idleness, Black Swan, blue-collar work, Buckminster Fuller, business process, Cal Newport, call centre, Checklist Manifesto, cognitive bias, cognitive dissonance, Colonization of Mars, Columbine, correlation does not imply causation, David Brooks, David Graeber, diversification, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, effective altruism, Elon Musk, fault tolerance, fear of failure, Firefox, follow your passion, future of work, Google X / Alphabet X, Howard Zinn, Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, Jeff Bezos, job satisfaction, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, Lao Tzu, life extension, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, Mason jar, Menlo Park, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nicholas Carr, optical character recognition, PageRank, passive income, pattern recognition, Paul Graham, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, Peter Singer: altruism, Peter Thiel, phenotype, post scarcity, premature optimization, QWERTY keyboard, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ray Kurzweil, recommendation engine, rent-seeking, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, risk tolerance, Ronald Reagan, sharing economy, side project, Silicon Valley, skunkworks, Skype, Snapchat, social graph, software as a service, software is eating the world, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, superintelligent machines, Tesla Model S, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas L Friedman, Wall-E, Washington Consensus, Whole Earth Catalog, Y Combinator

The Jar of Awesome This was not my idea. It is thanks to an ex-girlfriend who is a real sweetheart. She made and gave me the Jar of Awesome as a gift, because I’m very good at achievement and historically not good at appreciation. Here’s how it works: There is a mason jar on my kitchen counter with jar of awesome in glitter letters on the side. Anytime something really cool happens in a day, something that made me excited or joyful, doctor’s orders are to write it down on a slip of paper and put it in this mason jar. When something great happens, you think you’ll remember it 3 months later, but you won’t. The Jar of Awesome creates a record of great things that actually happened, all of which are easy to forget if you’re depressed or seeing the world through gray-colored glasses. I tend to celebrate very briefly, if at all, so this pays dividends for weeks, months, or years.

His former Ukrainian sport acrobatics coach had athletes use these for up to an hour a day. I find that 5 to 10 minutes in the morning can seemingly perform miracles, particularly for back pain. For one lat tear, this device was the only healing modality that got me back to training. Tera’s Whey Goat Whey Protein: If you are lactose-sensitive, this can be a godsend. Even for those who tolerate dairy well, many (like me) find it easier to digest. I use a simple mason jar for mixing. If it’s too goaty for you—I find it very neutral—consider adding a tablespoon of beet root powder from BeetElite or another brand. Source: Charles Poliquin (page 74). Mini-parallettes: Anyone who’s seen gymnastics knows of the parallel bars. Anyone who’s been to a CrossFit gym knows about the miniature versions called “parallettes,” typically made out of PVC pipes. What many haven’t seen are the Vita Vibe MP12 ultra-light mini-parallettes that are small enough to fit in carry-on luggage.

 

Cold Hands by John J. Niven

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centre right, Firefox, hiring and firing, Mason jar, Maui Hawaii

Seventeen days.’ She sighed. ‘Sadly, we don’t have that amount of time. So I’ve come up with a kind of condensed version for young Walt here.’ She moved towards her bag. Please God, no. ‘I think the thing that abhors us most as humans, as top-of-the-chain predators, is the idea of something feeding on us. Burrowing within us.’ She reached into the bag with both hands and hefted out a big glass Mason jar with a metal lid, the kind you see in old-fashioned sweet shops. There were airholes in the lid. Inside the jar – a fat, black rat. It was huge, almost completely filling the jar, with a long, wet-looking pink tail coiled around it. She set it down on the edge of the table. The rat was throwing itself at the glass, enraged, confused, its yellow teeth bared horribly. Walt started screaming into his gag, shaking his head from side to side.

 

pages: 197 words: 60,477

So Good They Can't Ignore You: Why Skills Trump Passion in the Quest for Work You Love by Cal Newport

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Apple II, bounce rate, Byte Shop, Cal Newport, capital controls, cleantech, Community Supported Agriculture, deliberate practice, financial independence, follow your passion, Frank Gehry, job satisfaction, job-hopping, knowledge worker, Mason jar, medical residency, new economy, passive income, Paul Terrell, popular electronics, renewable energy credits, Results Only Work Environment, Richard Bolles, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, rolodex, Sand Hill Road, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, web application, winner-take-all economy

They are there to investigate the authenticity of a suit of clothes that supposedly belonged to Clyde Barrow of Bonnie and Clyde fame. It takes the archaeologists all of thirty seconds to disprove this claim: Not a lot of suits from that period feature a “Made in China” tag. But this doesn’t dampen their enthusiasm. “You’re from a moonshine family,” notes French. “Yep,” drawls Leslie, the suit’s owner. “Let’s try some moonshine.” Soon a glass pitcher is produced. As Leslie pours the hootch into Mason jars, he offers a warning: “Don’t ask about the proof. You wouldn’t drink it if you knew.” As Kirk and Jason sit on a pair of logs, drinking the moonshine and swapping stories, surrounded by East Texas nothingness, they seem to be having a great time. I was hooked. To understand the appeal of American Treasures, you must understand its competition. At the time, cable TV was overrun with “cash for junk”–style shows, such as the History Channel’s Pawn Stars, which follows the staff of a Las Vegas pawnshop as they try to bargain cash-strapped people out of valuable possessions; and the Discovery Channel’s Auction Kings, which follows the adventures of an Atlanta-based auction house whose website deploys significantly more exclamation points than, say, Sotheby’s might approve of.

 

pages: 226 words: 71,540

Epic Win for Anonymous: How 4chan's Army Conquered the Web by Cole Stryker

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4chan, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, Chelsea Manning, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, crowdsourcing, Firefox, future of journalism, hive mind, informal economy, Internet Archive, Julian Assange, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, Mason jar, pre–internet, Silicon Valley, slashdot, social web, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, technoutopianism, wage slave, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks

My friend went on to write, in a blog post for Gawker, one of the first mainstream reports of 4chan as a growing phenomenon. 4chan users would likely call me a newfag (read on, offended readers) and a lurker. I’ve rarely ever posted anything on the site, and I came to the scene relatively late. But what I found on 4chan was a distillation of what made the web so special. It’s wild and weird—a level playing field where physicists and fathers rub shoulders with horny teenagers and senior citizens who compulsively collect their belly button lint in mason jars, with photographic proof. To be honest, I often find the place generally repulsive, but sometimes repulsive things have massive influence. On 4chan, you never quite know whom or what you’re going to run into. 4chan is like that burnout teenager who asked you and your childhood friends if y’all wanted to see a dead body down by the train tracks. 4chan is that kid in your class with Asperger’s who sketched out a hundred-page graphic novel based on the entire recorded output of the prog-metal band Rush.

 

pages: 214 words: 71,585

Selfish, Shallow, and Self-Absorbed: Sixteen Writers on the Decision Not to Have Kids by Meghan Daum

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delayed gratification, demographic transition, Donald Trump, financial independence, happiness index / gross national happiness, index card, Mason jar, peak oil, Ponzi scheme, risk tolerance, Skype, women in the workforce

Despite my straightforwardness about what we did, however, I was well aware that there was perhaps something tawdry about pulling down my drawers to expose my genitals to a neighbor boy—and, even worse, asking him to do the same—but I didn’t care: I wanted to get a gander at the goods. Some days, we’d meet up after school and squeeze into the narrow space next to the eastern wall of my house, pull down our pants on the count of three, and spend a few minutes eyeballing one another. Eventually, looking begat discussing, which begat touching, which begat the one day in the summer of 1981, after capturing four baby frogs and placing them in a Mason jar for safekeeping, I pulled down my pants, had Daniel do the same, and thrust myself up against him. We stood there for ten seconds or so, my knees bent and my hips tilted upward so I could snuggle his little penis between my legs more easily—I was a good five inches taller than he was—but soon he got nervous, wiggled back into his shorts, and set out for home. The next morning, after discovering that the baby frogs we’d captured had perished in the suffocating conditions of the sealed glass jar, it occurred to me that the previous day’s sexual child’s play might have made me pregnant, and I spent the next year in a state of mild panic, examining, whenever I remembered to do so, my bare belly for the swelling that suggested evidence of human gestation.

 

pages: 372 words: 96,474

Dishwasher: One Man's Quest to Wash Dishes in All Fifty States (P.S.) by Pete Jordan

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big-box store, Exxon Valdez, financial independence, Haight Ashbury, index card, Mason jar, rent control, Ronald Reagan, Upton Sinclair, urban planning, wage slave

Or, better yet, when an invitation would come from far out of left field, like the one Lara herself had given me at the Seattle airport when she asked me to fly to Alaska with her. So even if I gave Lara a date of departure or named a destination, there was no guarantee that the plan would be carried out. So every time she asked, I continued to answer, “I don’t know yet.” Then one day, while she was washing our hosts’ dishes, she happened to inquire one more time. Hearing my standard answer—yet again—made her furious. She took the soapy mason jar she was washing and chucked it at me. It whizzed past my head and shattered against the wall. When she dumped me not long afterwards, I was glad to regain the freedom to whimsically make and change my plans. But I was still slow to understand why any woman wouldn’t want to have a relationship with me. My dad, on the other hand, had grown to become a Dishwasher Pete fan. He was now telling me tales of how, when asked at family functions about my whereabouts, he took pleasure in saying, “I don’t know.

 

pages: 347 words: 88,114

The Zero-Waste Lifestyle: Live Well by Throwing Away Less by Amy Korst

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airport security, business climate, carbon footprint, delayed gratification, if you build it, they will come, Mason jar, Parkinson's law

My favorite way to store bulk foods is in repurposed glass jars. These are sturdy and see-through, so you always know what you’re grabbing from the pantry shelf. If you need to invest in some glass jars, remember the waste hierarchy: either reuse jars you already have, such as scrubbed and sanitized pickle or salsa jars (I peel off labels and run mine through the dishwasher), or head to your local thrift store, where you can almost always find old mason jars in near-perfect condition. Reusable Plastic or Glass Containers Packing lunches or storing leftovers becomes a new experience when done without waste. It’s easy to do as long as you have a stack of reusable containers lying around. Tupperware used to be the go- to choice for food storage, but in the past few years stores have seen an influx of inexpensive plastic or glass to-go containers.

 

Let's Pretend This Never Happened (A Mostly True Memoir) by Jenny Lawson

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impulse control, Mason jar, Saturday Night Live, telemarketer, Y2K

For the house. I’m ordering a flamethrower to keep beside the bed. Just a small one, though, because I’m aware of fire safety. I bought the kind you use to make the top of crème brûlée crunchy. And a lot of lighter fluid. I still shoo spiders and moths out of the house with plastic cups, but these scorpions are going to die painfully. Neighbors advised that we should place the feet of our beds in mason jars to keep the scorpions from crawling into bed with us at night, as glass is the only surface they’re unable to climb. I consider how much it would cost to cover everything in the house with a layer of glass, but Victor convinces me the glass couch would leave questionable marks on sweaty summer days. I add “have glass shoes made” to my to-do list so that I can keep scorpions from crawling up me when I stand in one place for too long.

 

pages: 299 words: 99,080

The Soul of a New Machine by Tracy Kidder

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carbon-based life, Jarndyce and Jarndyce, Mason jar, Norbert Wiener, pattern recognition, post-industrial society, silicon-based life

Wallach said that two of the best-named companies were not on hand: Itty Bitty Machines (another "IBM") and Parasitic Engineering. But I saw many other names, passing by. Among others, I saw Centronics, Nortronics, Key Tronic, Tektronix and also General Robotics. There were Northern Telecom and Infoton and Centurion, which had a fellow dressed as a Roman soldier standing by its booth. There were Colorgraphics and Summagraphics; Altergo and C. Itoh; and Ball. "Hey, wait a minute. What's Ball doing here? Aren't they the mason jar people?" "Yeah, but they also make disk drives." Also: the Society for Computer Simulation, and Randomex, and Edge Technology, and Van San, which sold "Quietizers." There were Datum, Data Pro and Data I/O, Tri Data, Epic Data, Facit Data, Control Data, Decision Data, Data General and Data Specialties. And we didn't have time even to glance at the wares of Itek, Pertec, Mostek, Wavetek, Intertek, Ramtek ...

 

pages: 347 words: 112,727

Rust: The Longest War by Jonathan Waldman

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2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, Anton Chekhov, computer age, David Brooks, Exxon Valdez, Frederick Winslow Taylor, Golden Gate Park, index card, Isaac Newton, Mason jar, pez dispenser, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Works Progress Administration, Y2K

The coating smooths out the surface of the metal, so that the gas has no microbumps from which to propagate, as it does on beer steins designed for that purpose. Nobody wants a can of flat beer. The coating keeps it tasty. And if the taste of “bright green/yellow battery acid” is particularly appealing to you, the coating tested in Laperle’s flavor room also deserves some credit. The name Ball probably makes you think of glass jars. Technically, they’re Mason jars, stamped with the name Ball. Your mother probably had some in the pantry. Ball jars go back to 1882, when the five Ball brothers—Frank, Edmund, George, Lucius, and William—started making glass jars in Buffalo, New York. For marketing purposes, they began growing their mustaches shortly thereafter. Both took off. Within five years, they were making more than two million glass jars a year. They relocated to Muncie, Indiana, and with natural gas rather than coal, figured out how to quintuple production.

 

pages: 302 words: 92,507

Cold: Adventures in the World's Frozen Places by Bill Streever

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Albert Einstein, carbon footprint, Edward Lorenz: Chaos theory, Exxon Valdez, Mason jar, refrigerator car, South China Sea, the scientific method, University of East Anglia

But occasionally they stumbled upon bones, upon tusks and teeth of mammoths and mastodons, and they may have wandered through boulder-strewn forests and grasslands, perhaps even having their own word for erratics, wondering why such large rocks would be resting so far from anything resembling a mountain. It is May sixth and warm in Anchorage, truly spring. To celebrate, I take my caterpillars Fram and Bedford from the freezer. They have been on ice since September twenty-third. I put the frozen but presumably undead bodies of my two patients in a mason jar lined with the budding leaves of birch and willow and sambucus. Optimistically, I poke airholes in the jar’s lid. I also take out my frozen mud, collected in September and stored in the freezer ever since. I open the jar to let the mud thaw. The Anchorage paper runs a full-page article on mosquito evolution. For the past five years, a pair of scientists have created the climate of New Jersey in an Oregon laboratory.

 

pages: 618 words: 159,672

Fodor's Rome: With the Best City Walks and Scenic Day Trips by Fodor's Travel Publications Inc.

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call centre, Donald Trump, glass ceiling, haute couture, haute cuisine, Honoré de Balzac, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Mason jar, Murano, Venice glass, urban planning, young professional

Along with the usual suspects of high-roller choices (caviar and blini), the chef offers a menu of contemporary interpretations of Italian classics, as well as those special El Toulà dishes with a Venetian slant (the mother restaurant is in Treviso): delicious, expertly prepared risottos, and a nod to the various sea creatures of the Adriatic coast and Venetian lagoon. Note that jacket and tie are required November through February. | Average cost: €80 | Via della Lupa 29/b, Spagna | 00186 | 06/6873750 | www.toula.it | Reservations essential | Closed Sun. and Aug. No lunch Mon. and Sat. GiNa. $ | CAFÉ | “Homey minimalism” isn’t a contradiction at this whitewashed cafè with a modern edge. The block seats and sleek booths, the single flowers in Mason jars, white chandeliers, and multiplicity of mirrors make this small but multilevel space a tiny gem tucked away on the street leading from Piazza di Spagna. With a menu ranging from various bruschettas to interesting mixed salads, sandwiches, and pastas, this is a top spot for a light lunch or an aperitivo that won’t break the bank in this high-end neighborhood. In fact, the best things here are the sweets: gelato, pastries, fruit with yogurt, and even some American pies and cheesecake, along with the best hot chocolate in Rome during the winter.

 

pages: 419 words: 125,977

Factory Girls: From Village to City in a Changing China by Leslie T. Chang

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anti-communist, Deng Xiaoping, estate planning, financial independence, index card, invention of writing, job-hopping, land reform, Mason jar, new economy, risk tolerance, special economic zone

Passengers crowded the aisles and perched on the metal sinks next to the bathrooms and crammed into the spaces between the cars, squatting in rows in their dark suits like crows strung along a telephone wire. Metal carts barreled through, forcing the human pile to rearrange itself every few minutes. The carts sold chicken legs and warm beer and hot dogs skewered on sticks. The vendors called out: Hot milk, hot milk, good for you. Only the well-off bought food on the train. Most people had carried their own—hard-boiled eggs and wafer cookies and mason jars filled with green tea so cloudy that algae could grow in it. At 10:45, a sweeper came through. We had been on board only three hours, but she pushed before her a mountain of peanut shells, orange peels, and empty plastic bottles. Nobody on earth generates trash faster than the traveling Chinese. Time passed slowly for Min. This was only the second long journey of her life. She peered out the window; she checked her watch; she fiddled with her mobile phone.

 

pages: 519 words: 160,846

One Day in December: Celia Sánchez and the Cuban Revolution by Nancy Stout

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AltaVista, back-to-the-land, land reform, Mason jar, union organizing, urban planning

Raúl has recorded all the facts since the beginning of the Revolution.” But in the end, she filled only the first few pages. In the mountains, however, she began to make copies of Fidel’s letters and started keeping her own notes; she began to develop the collection, starting with herself and Fidel first, then, within a month or two, requested materials from the other commanders. Some records, at her suggestion, were buried in mason jars, and these, according to the curator of Celia’s documents, Nelsy Babiel, still turn up under farmers’ plows in the Sierra Maestra spring. 37. The Florida Story CONSEQUENCES OF THE REVOLUTION persist in nearly every Cuban family. When the prisoners taken at the Bay of Pigs finally left Cuba in late December 1962, Celia’s sister Chela and her husband, Pedro Álvarez, were on the same boat, emigrating to Florida.

 

pages: 310 words: 34,482

Makers at Work: Folks Reinventing the World One Object or Idea at a Time by Steven Osborn

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3D printing, A Pattern Language, additive manufacturing, air freight, Airbnb, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, Baxter: Rethink Robotics, c2.com, computer vision, crowdsourcing, dumpster diving, en.wikipedia.org, Firefox, future of work, Google Chrome, Google Glasses, Google Hangouts, Hacker Ethic, Internet of things, Iridium satellite, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, Mason jar, means of production, Minecraft, minimum viable product, Network effects, Oculus Rift, patent troll, popular electronics, Rodney Brooks, Shenzhen was a fishing village, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, slashdot, social software, software as a service, special economic zone, speech recognition, subscription business, telerobotics, urban planning, web application, Y Combinator

No problem.” 211 212 Chapter 15 | Jeri Ellsworth: Founder,Technical Illusions So after all that they ended up canceling the chip foundry class, so I wasted all this time and derailed my career for nothing. But I still had this passion for it. So for about four years, I did intensive research on how to do a chip lab at home. It actually took me about four years to make my first working device. Probably the first year was pure researching. And after the second year, I got some equipment and started experimenting. Nothing was working. That went on. I had this Mason jar next to my diffusion furnace where I has been putting the silicon wafers in and trying to experiment. It was just filling up with little pieces of silicon that I had tried to make even a diode on. So I’m like, “Well, I need to go find a mentor,” and I started asking around. A friend of mine put me in contact with this guy named Peter who mentored me in the semiconductor process. He was an old chip foundry guy from the sixties and seventies.

 

pages: 423 words: 118,002

The Boom: How Fracking Ignited the American Energy Revolution and Changed the World by Russell Gold

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accounting loophole / creative accounting, American energy revolution, Bakken shale, Bernie Sanders, Buckminster Fuller, clean water, corporate governance, energy security, energy transition, hydraulic fracturing, margin call, market fundamentalism, Mason jar, North Sea oil, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, peak oil, Project Plowshare, risk tolerance, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Upton Sinclair

As Miller got older, he graduated to working with sledgehammers, pounding the bits after they were heated. By the time he got to college, he had started driving trucks. It was a job he would keep for eight years as he worked his way through college and then law school. Miller’s background helped him connect with jurors. He came across as a regular guy, with a theatrical flair. He once opened a Mason jar filled with hydrogen sulfide to give the courtroom a whiff of the noxious rotten-egg smell to which his clients had been exposed. A juror vomited, and the court had to recess, with the courtroom windows opened to clear out the air. In 1994 Miller joined a lawsuit against Mitchell Energy. Not long before, Carrie Baran, a Wise County resident, had called up Gardere & Wynne, a sizable Texas-based law firm that typically represented companies charged with oil-field pollution.

 

pages: 667 words: 186,968

The Great Influenza by John M. Barry

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Albert Einstein, Brownian motion, centralized clearinghouse, Chance favours the prepared mind, conceptual framework, discovery of penicillin, double helix, Fellow of the Royal Society, germ theory of disease, index card, Louis Pasteur, Marshall McLuhan, Mason jar, means of production, statistical model, the medium is the message, the scientific method, traveling salesman, women in the workforce

Cole and Avery worked together precisely the way Cole had hoped for when he organized the Rockefeller hospital. More importantly, the work produced results. In the laboratory Avery and Dochez took the lead. They worked in simple laboratories with simple equipment. Each room had a single deep porcelain sink and several worktables, each with a gas outlet for a Bunsen burner and drawers underneath. The tabletop space was filled with racks of test tubes, simple mason jars, petri dishes—droppers for various dyes and chemicals, and tin cans holding pipettes and platinum loops. On the same tabletop investigators performed nearly all their work: inoculating, bleeding, and dissecting animals. Also on the tabletop was a cage for the occasional animal kept as a pet. In the middle of the room were incubators, vacuum pumps, and centrifuges. First they replicated earlier experiments, partly to familiarize themselves with techniques.

 

pages: 611 words: 186,716

The Diamond Age by Neal Stephenson

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British Empire, clean water, dark matter, defense in depth, edge city, Just-in-time delivery, Mason jar, pattern recognition, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, Socratic dialogue, South China Sea, the scientific method, Turing machine, wage slave

X handed it to one of his assistants, who carried it with both hands, as if it were a golden egg on a silken pillow, and mated it with another flange on a network of massive stainless-steel plumbing that covered most of two tabletops. The assistant's assistant got the job of inserting all the shiny bolts and torque-wrenching them down. Then the assistant flicked a switch, and an old-fashioned vacuum pump whacked into life, making conversation impossible for a minute or two. During this time Hackworth looked around Dr. X's laboratory, trying to peg the century and in some cases even the dynasty of each item. A row of mason jars stood on a high shelf, filled with what looked like giblets floating in urine. Hackworth supposed that they were the gall bladders of now-extinct species, no doubt accruing value by the moment, better than any mutual fund. A locked gun cabinet and a primeval Macintosh desktop-publishing system, green with age, attested to the owner's previous forays into officially discouraged realms of behavior.

 

pages: 548 words: 174,644

Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War by Robert Coram

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desegregation, inventory management, Iridium satellite, Joseph Schumpeter, Mason jar, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Toyota Production System, traveling salesman

Fighter pilots—that is, the ones who survive air combat—are not gentlemen; they are back-stabbing assassins. They come out of the sun and attack an enemy when he is blind. They sneak up behind or underneath or “bounce” the enemy from above or flop into position on his tail—his sixo’clock position—and “tap” him before he knows they are there. That is why fighter pilots jink and weave and dart about like water bugs in a mason jar. They never hold a heading or a position longer than six or eight seconds. Aerial combat is brutally unforgiving. To come in second place is to die, usually in a rather spectacular manner. Most casualties never know they are targets until they are riddled with bullets, covered with flames, and on the way to creating a big hole in the ground. Those who want to engage in the romanticized World War I pirouette of a fair fight will have a short career.

 

May We Be Forgiven by A. M. Homes

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anti-communist, Burning Man, dumpster diving, friendly fire, if you build it, they will come, Mason jar, Ronald Reagan, Skype, South China Sea

And then he gives me a kind of a hug, like how maybe he once saw a kid on a TV show hug a grown-up, or like something from Two and a Half Men that would be punctuated by a guffaw from the laugh track. “Let’s do it again soon,” he says, exiting. That evening, while looking for something, I find myself in the basement. It’s like a multigenerational storehouse of stuff, skis, golf clubs, tennis racquets, sprinklers, old garden hoses, boxes of glass Mason jars, a good amount of which I suspect was left here by the previous owners and somehow memorialized by George and Jane as ephemera from another era. I decide to get rid of it all. Four hours later, with a dozen giant green plastic bags dragged to the curb and an overflowing blue recycle bin, I feel as though I’ve mucked out a stall. Someone had to do it. Why did George have four sets of golf clubs?

 

pages: 1,280 words: 384,105

The Mammoth Book of the Best of Best New SF by Gardner Dozois

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back-to-the-land, Buckminster Fuller, Burning Man, call centre, Columbine, congestion charging, dark matter, Doomsday Book, double helix, Extropian, gravity well, Mason jar, offshore financial centre, out of africa, pattern recognition, phenotype, Silicon Valley, slashdot, Stephen Hawking, telepresence, Turing machine, Turing test, Winter of Discontent, Y2K

And it’s gotta be at the freight dock.” “That’s one thing?” asked Vinnie. “A few. But that place is great, man. We can’t lose there.” Vinnie smiled, and it was a prison-guard smile, a Nazi smile. “If you lose, kid, after the Monsters get through with you, the Hellbenders are gonna have a little party.” He pointed over his shoulder to where something resembling testicles floated in alcohol in a mason jar on a shelf. “We’re putting five empty jars up there tomorrow. That’s what happens to people who get the Hellbenders involved without asking and then don’t come through when the pressure’s on. You know what I mean?” Leroy smiled. He left smiling. The smile was still frozen to his face as he walked down the street. This whole thing was getting too grim. Leroy lay on his cot listening to his sister and her boyfriend porking in the next room.

 

Southeast Asia on a Shoestring Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

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active transport: walking or cycling, airport security, Alfred Russel Wallace, anti-communist, British Empire, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, clockwatching, colonial rule, Google Earth, haute cuisine, indoor plumbing, large denomination, low cost carrier, Mason jar, megacity, Skype, South China Sea, spice trade, superstar cities, sustainable-tourism, trade route, urban sprawl, women in the workforce

Drinking Bars range from peaceful, beachfront cocktail affairs where you can sip a mai tai while you watch the sunset to throbbing discos on the sand. Red Pirates BEACH BAR $$ (Angol) Way down at the south end of White Beach, this supremely mellow bar throws funky driftwood furniture onto the sand and best captures the spirit of ‘old Boracay’. Nigi Nigi Nu Noos BEACH BAR $$ (Station 2; happy hour 5-7pm) The legendary mason jars of Long Island iced tea – they’re two-for-one during happy hour – more than capably kick-start any evening. Jungle BEACH BAR $$ (Lagutan Beach) Isolated on a cove at the back side of the island, hippie, trippy Jungle bar is known for three-day full-moon parties and its notorious ‘F*** you Archie’ cocktail. Often quiet or dead; just as often raucous. Arwana BEACH BAR $ ( happy hour 1-10pm) All-day happy hour means Boracay’s cheapest San Miguel (P30) on demand.