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The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test by Tom Wolfe
Bonfire of the Vanities, Buckminster Fuller, edge city, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, Menlo Park, Ronald Reagan, stakhanovite, Stewart Brand, strikebreaker, the scientific method, Thorstein Veblen
One of the Pump House Gang leaders, Artie, pulls into Haight-Ashbury, because this is the underground word in The Life in all the high schools in California already, even though Haight-Ashbury has never been mentioned in the newspapers ... Haight-Ashbury! they know the whole new legend, right down to Owsley, now known as The White Rabbit, the paranoid acid genius . . . Artie pulls into Haight-Ashbury, walking along amid those endless staggers of bay windows, slums with a view, and who is sitting out on a curbing on Haight Street but J——— of Pump House days gone by, just sitting there with an Emporium shopping bag beside him. "Hi, J———!" J———just barely glances at him and says, "Oh, hi, Artie," as if naturally they're both in Haight-Ashbury and have been for years, and then he says, "Here, have a lid," and he reaches in the shopping bag and just offers him a whole lid of grass, free, out in the open .. .
Kesey finally comes out and walks through the residue, but they are all wacked out and he is hardly visible ... in his Prankster suit of flaming Orion paranoia . . . Nevertheless! the word is now out among the heads of Haight-Ashbury. Kesey is back, the Man, the Castro who won them what they have today in the first place. The seeds we ... . . . HAVE SOWN . . . DOWN IN RAT LAND RED TIDE MANZANILLO, Kesey and the Pranksters had been so cut off they got almost no news from San Francisco. It was all perfect Devil's Island down there. They had only a dim idea of what was going on among the heads in Haight-Ashbury. But now, like, you don't even have to look for it. It hits you in the face. It's a whole carnival... All you have to do is walk up into the Haight-Ashbury—and Kesey chances a run through ... Hell, in Haight-Ashbury a muscular guy in cowboy boots and a cowboy hat—he ... looks healthy. The cops are busy trying to figure out these new longhairs, these beatniks— these crazies are somehow weirder than the North Beach beatniks ever were.
The cops knew drunks and junkies by heart, and they knew about LSD, but this thing that was going on . . . The heads could con the cops blind and it was wild. Haight-Ashbury had always been a brave little tenement district up the hill from the Panhandle entrance to Golden Gate Park, with whites and Negroes living next door in peace. Rents had been going up in North Beach. A lot of young couples with bohemian enthusiasms had been moving to Haight-Ashbury. Some of the old beats had moved in. They hung around a place called the Blue Unicorn. But the Trips Festival of eight months before was what really kicked the whole thing off. Eight months!—and all of a sudden it was like the Acid Tests had taken root and sprung up into people living the Tests like a whole life style. The Grateful Dead had moved into a house in Haight-Ashbury, and it wasn't just the old communal living where everybody piled into some place.
Frommer's Memorable Walks in San Francisco by Erika Lenkert
When it was initially under construction in the early 1990s, it was slated to A Historical Flashback Through Haight-Ashbury • 131 be a Walgreens. But when the company paid no heed to public protest against the national chain opening on a sacred countercultural street, the building mysteriously burned to the ground halfway through construction. Anticon-formists might be less obvious here now, but the concept is anything but dead. Continue east on Haight to 1664 Haight St., home of: 3. The Booksmith, the neighborhood’s best bookshop, with a few great reflections on Haight-Ashbury. For a quick overview, if the book is in stock, buy or flip through The Summer of Love, Gene Anthony’s photo and text documentary about “Haight-Ashbury at its highest.” This place is definitely a trip, in more ways than one. Follow Haight farther, cross Clayton Street, and at the northeast corner, at 558–560 Clayton St., is the: 4.
Manufactured in the United States of America 5 4 3 2 1 Contents List of Maps iv Introducing San Francisco 1 The Walking Tours 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Union Square Past & Present The Culture & Cuisine of Chinatown Noshing Through North Beach The Storied Steps of Telegraph Hill The Haughty Hotels of Nob Hill The Ghosts of Russian Hill The Majestic Homes of Pacific Heights South of Market: A Civilized Afternoon of Arts & Leisure The Culture & Color of the Mission District A Historical Flashback Through Haight-Ashbury Golden Gate Park: Museums, Blooms & Trees from Dunes The Golden Gate 7 21 36 54 68 83 94 106 115 127 136 146 Essentials 158 Guided Walking Tours of San Francisco 169 Index 174 LIST OF MAPS The Tours at a Glance 4 The Walking Tours Union Square Chinatown North Beach Telegraph Hill Nob Hill Russian Hill Pacific Heights South of Market Mission District Haight-Ashbury Golden Gate Park Northern San Francisco 11 23 37 55 69 85 95 109 117 129 139 149 About the Author A native San Franciscan, Erika Lenkert writes food, travel, and lifestyle articles for San Francisco Magazine, Wine Country Living, and Four Seasons.
Army St. 0 0 0.5 mi 0.5 km N 5 6 • Memorable Walks in San Francisco Walk 9: The Culture & Color of the Mission District A trip south of the border without catching a flight? You betcha. Just follow me on this tour, where brightly painted murals, Latin music, food, culture, and the oldest building in the city await. Walk 10: A Historical Flashback Through Haight-Ashbury Sure, there’s still plenty of tie-dye and lost youth to commemorate the past in the renowned and colorful Haight-Ashbury district. But the remnants of this neighborhood’s ’60s counterculture movement are easy to miss if you don’t know where to look. This walk takes you to the house where The Grateful Dead lived and played in the ’60s, pauses for a historical flashback or two, leads you to some great cheap-food noshes, and shows you where to buy retro paraphernalia.
Frommer's Irreverent Guide to San Francisco by Matthew Richard Poole
Bay Area Rapid Transit, game design, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute cuisine, Loma Prieta earthquake, Maui Hawaii, pez dispenser, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, Torches of Freedom, upwardly mobile
There is one sure- fire perfect way to spend your first afternoon in San Francisco—take $5 out of your pocket, walk a few blocks up Powell from Market Street (away from the turnaround), DIVERSIONS When it comes to maps, you need two kinds—an overall view of the neighborhoods in relation to each other, and a comprehensive street map. A neighborhood map will show clearly, for example, that Haight-Ashbury is right next to Golden Gate Park, which stretches from the middle of the city all the way to the Pacific Ocean (at Ocean Beach, near the Cliff House). You’ll see that the Castro and the Mission District—right next to each other, and not too far east of Haight-Ashbury—are both south of Market Street, but the neighborhood officially known as South of Market is quite a distance farther east, in the downtown area. You’ll also see that San Francisco—a city and county unto itself—is at the northern tip of a peninsula flanked by the San Francisco Bay on the east and the Pacific Ocean on the west.
See Map 7 on p. 94. 119 Golden Gate Ferry (p. 104) EMBARCADERO Join the locals who ride from San Francisco’s Ferry Building at the foot of Market Street to downtown Sausalito, a scenic seaside village with lots of expensive stores, restaurants, real estate, boats—and gorgeous sunsets. The ride takes about a half-hour. Fare is $6.45 each way for adults, $4.85 for children, and $3.80 for seniors. Call for schedule.... Tel 415/923-2000. www.goldengateferry. org. Embarcadero BART/MUNI Metro stop. See Map 7 on p. 94. See Map 7 on p. 94. Haight-Ashbury Flower Power Walking Tour (p. 115) UPPER HAIGHT Take a walking tour through Haight-Ashbury, and check out the crash pads, concert halls, and psychedelic shops that gave birth to the hippie era.... Tel 415/863-1621. www.hippy gourmet.com. $15 per person. Reservations required. Hard Rock Cafe (p. 115) FISHERMAN’S WHARF Teenagers love the super-loud rock music, juicy hamburgers, and T-shirts that prove they’ve been there.... Tel 415/956-2013. www.hardrock. com.
See also Restaurants; and Restaurants Index Caffe Trieste, 51 The California Gentleman by Astanboos, 153, 164 California Street line, 223 Canton Bazaar, 102 Carnaval, 226 Carol Doda’s Champagne and Lace Lingerie Boutique, 157, 164 Car rentals, 223 Cartier, 164 Cartoon Art Museum, 108, 117 Car travel, 225 Casanova Lounge, 184, 193 Cass Marina, 136 The Castro, 52, 179 accommodations, 20 Castro Theatre, 211 Celebrity sightings, restaurants for, 55 Cherry Blossom Festival, 226 Children, families with accommodations, 27–28 babysitters, 222 restaurants, 70 toys, 158 China Beach, 134 Chinatown, 100–102, 149 accommodations, 19 parking, 228 restaurants, 60 Chinatown Kite Shop, 101 Chinese New Year, 226 Cinco de Mayo, 226 Citizen, 153, 164 City Guides, 115, 118 City Lights Bookstore, 158–159, 164 City Nights, 184, 193 Civic Center, parking near, 229 Civic Center area, 19–20 Claremont Resort & Spa, 142 Classical music, 209–210 A Clean Well-Lighted Place For Books, 158, 164 Cliff House, 134 Climate, 6–7, 224 Clothes Contact, 154, 164 Club Line, 183 Club Malibu, 184, 193 Coit Tower, 98–99, 113, 118 Comedy clubs, 212 Comics, 156 Community Thrift Store, 154, 164 Concierges, 224 Conservatory of Flowers, 105 Coppola, Francis Ford, 74, 141 Courtoué, 153, 164 Cow Hollow, 20 Crafts, 154 Crime, 8–9, 229 Crissy Field, 129 234 Exit Theater, 208, 215 Exploratorium, 106, 118 SAN FRANCISCO GENERAL INDEX Factory 525, 184, 194 Families with children accommodations, 27–28 babysitters, 222 restaurants, 70 toys, 158 Fashions (clothing), 152–154, 158 Ferlinghetti, Lawrence, 74 Ferry Building farmer’s market, 129–130 Ferry Plaza Farmers Market, 64 Festivals and special events, 225–227 Filbert Street, 4 Filbert Street Steps, 6, 99 Fillmore Auditorium, 181, 194 Fillmore Street, 52, 149 Financial District, 52 First Step, 166 Fisherman’s Wharf, 104, 118, 130 Fishing, 137 Fleet Week, 227 Football, 213 Ford, Gerald, 104 Forever After Books, 159, 166 Forgotten Works, 129 Fort Point, 130 Fourth of July Celebration and Fireworks, 227 Gargoyle Beads, 155, 166 Gay and lesbian travelers, 2, 9–10, 226 accommodations, 24–25 bars, 190 beach, 134 bookstore, 159 resources, 227 General Bead, 155, 166 Gimme Shoes, 152, 166 Gino & Carlo, 112, 118, 187, 194 Ginsberg, Allen, 1–2, 51, 110, 123 Glide Memorial United Methodist Church, 103, 118 Global Exchange, 154, 166 GoCar, 134 Golden Gate Bridge, 98 Golden Gate Ferry, 104–105, 119 Golden Gate Fields, 213, 215 Golden Gate Fortune Cookie Factory, 100 Golden Gate Golf Course, 138 Golden Gate Park, 105, 128, 130, 132, 140 Golden Gate Park Fly Casting Pools, 137 Golden Gate Promenade, 130 Golden Gate Theater, 215 Golden State Warriors, 215 The Golden State Warriors, 213 Golf, 137–138 Good Vibrations, 108–109, 119, 156, 166 Goodwill Stores, 154, 167 Gordon Biersch, 187–188, 194 Grant and Green, 183, 195 The Grateful Dead, 111, 115, 180 Great American Music Hall, 181, 188, 195 Great China Herb Co., 101–102 Great Highway, 132 Grills, 52–53 Grizzly Peak (Berkeley Hills), 102, 119 Groove Yard, 159, 167 Gump’s, 167 Guys and Dolls, 154, 167 Gyms, 133 Haight-Ashbury (the Haight), 2, 179 coffee joints, 52 nightlife, 185–186 Haight-Ashbury Flower Power Walking Tour, 115, 119 Haight Street, 150 Hard Rock Cafe, 115, 119 Harrington’s Bar & Grill, 112, 119 Harry Denton’s Starlight Room, 188–189, 195 Harvey’s, 190, 195 Hayes Valley, 52, 149 parking, 229 Hemlock Tavern, 187, 195 Hess Collection (Napa), 141 Hoteldiscounts.com, 18 HotelLocators.com, 18 Hotels, 14–43. See also Accommodations Index for business travelers, 27 cheap, 20, 23–24, 28–29 elegant, 21–22 Euro-style, 29–30 for families with kids, 27–28 gay and lesbian, 24–25 interior design of the lobbies, 32–33 Japanese, 25 location of, 18–20 for movie hounds, 27 painted ladies, 22–23 penthouses, 31 for pets, 29 reservations and booking services, 17–18 for rock stars and other celebrities, 31–32 romantic, 30–31 with a view, 23 for writers, 25–27 Hotels.com, 18 Hotwire, 18 House of Cashmere, 152, 167 235 Ideas Unlimited/ Unlimited Ideas, 224 Intersection for the Arts, 208, 215 Irish Castle Shop, 152, 167 Irish pubs, 186–187 Italian French Baking Co., 158, 167 Jacqueline Perfumery, 157, 167 Jade Galore, 102 Japanese Tea Garden, 105 Japantown, accommodations, 19 Javawalk, 116, 120 Jazz at Pearl’s, 182, 195 Jazz clubs, 181–182 Jeffrey’s Toys, 158, 167 Jewelry, 155 Jogging, 130–131 Joseph Schmidt Confections, 157, 168 Just Desserts, 157, 168 Kabuki Springs & Spa, 142 Kar’ikter, 156, 168 Kayaking, 136 Kenneth Cole, 152, 168 Kerouac, Jack, 1–2, 51, 74, 110 Kids accommodations, 27–28 babysitters, 222 restaurants, 70 toys, 158 Kilowatt, 185, 195 Kipling, Rudyard, 26 Kirby Beach, 134 Kovic, Ron, 26–27 SAN FRANCISCO McAfee Coliseum, 213, 216 McDonald’s Bookshop, 159, 169 Napa Valley wine country, 140–142 Neiman Marcus, 152, 169 Newspapers, 228 Nickie’s, 185, 196 Nick’s Lighthouse, 104, 121 Niebaum-Coppola (Rutherford), 141 Nightlife, 176–198.
From Satori to Silicon Valley: San Francisco and the American Counterculture by Theodore Roszak
Buckminster Fuller, germ theory of disease, global village, Haight Ashbury, Internet Archive, Marshall McLuhan, megastructure, Menlo Park, Norbert Wiener, Silicon Valley, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, upwardly mobile, Whole Earth Catalog
Certainly in recent years, the only flesh and blood examples of the countercultural image I have come across have been the barely ving casualties of the era that still survi- haunt downtown Berkeley, panhandling for spare change. Their sad squalor is evidence of nothing braver or more inspir- ing than being bummed Yet, with a remember little out and overaged. effort and some candor, the happier originals I can faded of these caricatures as they once enlivened the streets of the Haight-Ashbury and Telegraph Avenue. In its time, persona of ragged independence - or some reasonable facsimile thereof - was a proud and their prominent emblem of cultural disaffiliation blos- soming major in the streets of every city, campus of every minor college and high was a stance that claimed to The "organic", a style purported principled to rejection that be ruled in favor of a return to folk origins and lost traditions.
In the kitchens, pantries were filled with stale brown and active vermin; one might in the refrigerators, rice find several months' supply of spoiled groceries and well-sprouted soy cakes. In these quarters, one sensed that organic foods were a sort of talisman, sufficiently potent in their very presence to repeal the germ theory of disease. Also 4 there were the signs many animals once resident or still haunting the premises - unleashed, unhousebroken, very likely of unfed. In the Haight-Ashbury and the East Bay, there less there was a cult of the "organic dog" - the washed and tamed, the were neighborhoods better. in larger, the For a period, Berkeley and San Francisco that took on the look and the fragrance of barnyards or hunting camps. ORGANIC COMMONWEALTH AND BUDDHIST ANARCHY Perhaps the high water mark of effort to rusticate symbolic western civilization was the brief and turbulent episode "People's Park".
ORGANIC COMMONWEALTH AND BUDDHIST ANARCHY Perhaps the high water mark of effort to rusticate symbolic western civilization was the brief and turbulent episode "People's Park". this in What Berkeley remembered as the Human Be-In in San Franciso of 1967 had been for one day, what the Woodstock Festival in upstate New York in early 1969 had been for a weekend, People's Park was meant to be for keeps. The event might be seen as the culmination of the direct action social philosophy proclaimed by the Haight-Ashbury Diggers. After issuing a series of broadsides in late 1966 that called for an urban anarchist order of begun a daily life, the Diggers had come-one, come-all free food project under the slogan "it's free 6 because it's yours." The food was either stolen or scrounged from merchants around the city (most of it days-old and unsaleable and served up edible) still if growing popula- for the But history's tion of young, underfed street people.
1960s counterculture, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, back-to-the-land, bioinformatics, Buckminster Fuller, Claude Shannon: information theory, complexity theory, computer age, conceptual framework, Danny Hillis, dematerialisation, distributed generation, Douglas Engelbart, Dynabook, From Mathematics to the Technologies of Life and Death, future of work, game design, George Gilder, global village, Golden Gate Park, Hacker Ethic, Haight Ashbury, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, informal economy, invisible hand, Jaron Lanier, John von Neumann, Kevin Kelly, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, market bubble, Marshall McLuhan, means of production, Menlo Park, Mother of all demos, new economy, Norbert Wiener, post-industrial society, postindustrial economy, Productivity paradox, QWERTY keyboard, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, Richard Stallman, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, technoutopianism, Ted Nelson, Telecommunications Act of 1996, theory of mind, urban renewal, Vannevar Bush, Whole Earth Catalog, Whole Earth Review, Yom Kippur War
Jerry Garcia, lead guitarist with the Dead, recalled the feeling that characterized the early Acid Tests and the Trips Festival: “Thousands of people, man, all helplessly stoned, all ﬁnding themselves in a room of thousands of people, none of whom any of them were afraid of. It was magic, far-out beautiful magic.”50 According to Tom Wolfe, it was also the start of the Haight-Ashbury era. The festival grossed $12,500 within three days and had spent very little in the way of overhead. Two weeks later, Bill Graham could be found staging a trips festival every weekend at the Fillmore. Within a year, teenagers from across America would be streaming into Haight-Ashbury, looking for the sort of bohemian utopia Graham was marketing. Reporters for Time and Life were not far behind. Almost immediately, San Francisco became Oz to a S t e w a r t B ran d M e e t s t h e C y b e r n e t i c C o u n t e r c u l t u r e [ 67 ] generation that had feared it would grow up into a black-and-white Kansas of a world—if it lived long enough in the face of nuclear weapons and the draft to grow up at all.
Ibid., 230 – 49. 49. America Needs Indians was one of several multimedia pieces Brand pulled together in the mid-1960s. During this period, multimedia art served as the primary forum within which he sought to “comprehensively design” collaborative, immersive social experiences. Brand and the visitor quoted in Perry, Haight-Ashbury, 19, 47. 50. Kesey and Garcia quoted in Lee and Shlain, Acid Dreams, 143, 144. For more on the Trips Festival and the Haight, see Perry, Haight-Ashbury, 41– 44. Chapter 3 1. Brand, interview, July 17, 2001. 2. Roszak, From Satori to Silicon Valley, 8. 3. For a fascinating account of the intermingling of countercultural and technological communities in this area at the time, see Markoff, What the Dormouse Said. 4. Brand, Last Whole Earth Catalog, 439. 5. McClanahan and Norman, “Whole Earth Catalog,” 95. 6.
Finally, if the bureaucracies of industry and government demanded that men and women become psychologically fragmented specialists, the technology-induced experience of togetherness would allow them to become both self-sufﬁcient and whole once again. For this wing of the counterculture, the technological and intellectual output of American research culture held enormous appeal. Although they rejected the military-industrial complex as a whole, as well as the political process that brought it into being, hippies from Manhattan to HaightAshbury read Norbert Wiener, Buckminster Fuller, and Marshall McLuhan. Introduction [ 5 ] Through their writings, young Americans encountered a cybernetic vision of the world, one in which material reality could be imagined as an information system. To a generation that had grown up in a world beset by massive armies and by the threat of nuclear holocaust, the cybernetic notion of the globe as a single, interlinked pattern of information was deeply comforting: in the invisible play of information, many thought they could see the possibility of global harmony.
City for Sale: The Transformation of San Francisco by Chester W. Hartman, Sarah Carnochan
affirmative action, Albert Einstein, Bay Area Rapid Transit, big-box store, business climate, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, housing crisis, illegal immigration, Loma Prieta earthquake, manufacturing employment, new economy, New Urbanism, profit motive, Ralph Nader, rent control, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, strikebreaker, union organizing, urban planning, urban renewal, very high income, young professional
., 315n Grace Cathedral, 267n Graﬁlo, Tony, 138, 139 Grand Hyatt, 24 Grand Southern Hotel, 221 Grant Building, 382 Graves, Cliff, 215n Gray Panthers, 312, 368 Greater San Francisco Association of Realtors, 359 Green Bay Packers, 424n44 Green Party, 255, 274 Gresham, Zane, 301 Grifﬁn, Everett, 17, 19, 25 Grifﬁth, Alice, 374 Grosvenor Properties, 286 Gryziec, Richard, 140, 141, 156–58, 213, 399, 417n27 Guam, 168 Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary, 181 Guyana, 238 Hagan, Frank, 79 Haight-Ashbury district, 121, 140, 228, 233, 243, 244, 293, 337, 340, 364, 376, 379, 433n1 Haight-Ashbury Improvement Association, 377 Haight-Ashbury Neighborhood Council, 248 Hall, Tony, 274 Hallinan, Terence, 241, 242n, 353, 381 Hallinan, Vincent, 241 Halprin, Lawrence, 51 Hamilton, Wilbur, 30, 159, 165, 167, 193, 276, 277, 278 Handlery Union Square, 23 Harborplace, Baltimore, 160 Hard Hat Magazine, 332 Harney, Charles, 171, 172 Harris, George, 81, 82 Hartford, 162 Harvey Milk Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Democratic Club, 242, 248, 270 Hawes, Amanda, 77, 91, 95 Hayes Valley, 272, 374 Health Department, 366 Hearst Corporation, 39–42, 45, 268 Heider, Eddie, 78 Helfeld, Edward, 278, 279 Hellmuth, Obata & Kassebaum, 207 Helms, Jesse, 260n, 262 Index / 475 Herman, M.
The mayor’s 140 / Chapter 7 charge to his Select Committee stipulated that the plan it was to produce had to meet three tests: (1) It must be developed quickly in order to get a project under way—the committee would have ﬁve months to complete its work; (2) it “must result from genuine reconsideration of what is best for San Francisco”; and (3) it must have public support. The hard-working committee and its small staff (headed by Dan Gardner and Greg Oliver of the mayor’s economic development staff, with Haight-Ashbury activist Calvin Welch hired to do community outreach as a concession to the neighborhood organizations that had backed Moscone) held a series of neighborhood public hearings and formed subcommittees (on such issues as housing, economic development, and transportation). Following these hearings, the committee produced a set of six alternative plans, each stressing a speciﬁc type of land use or combination of uses: housing, light industry, open space, and others.
Creating districts and allowing the residents of each to elect a candidate who lived in the same district would increase the probability of being represented by supervisors with 227 228 / Chapter 11 closer ties to the neighborhoods and their problems, reducing as well the dominance of downtown power and money. The key movers of this plan organized as Citizens for Representative Government (CRG), a small, hard-working group of activists with strong roots in the Haight-Ashbury district. In 1970 and 1971, they held community meetings around the city to discuss their ideas and created an elevendistrict city map. In August 1972, they presented their plan to the supervisors, who responded by placing on the November ballot a complex, unwieldy advisory measure that presented voters with ﬁve alternative plans for restructuring the board election. Not surprisingly, with so many options, none received an overwhelming mandate; but two-thirds of the voters did favor a change from the at-large system, and among the alternatives, CRG’s eleven-district plan received the most votes.
3D printing, AltaVista, altcoin, bitcoin, blockchain, buy low sell high, capital controls, cloud computing, corporate governance, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, distributed ledger, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, ethereum blockchain, fiat currency, Firefox, forensic accounting, global village, GnuPG, Google Earth, Haight Ashbury, Jacob Appelbaum, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, litecoin, M-Pesa, Marshall McLuhan, Oculus Rift, peer-to-peer lending, Ponzi scheme, prediction markets, ransomware, Satoshi Nakamoto, self-driving car, Skype, smart contracts, Steven Levy, the medium is the message, underbanked, WikiLeaks, Zimmermann PGP
In 1967, several mainstream media outlets covered the growing acid wave in the Haight-Ashbury district of San Francisco; popular music of the time—such as Scott McKenzie’s San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)—advertised the lifestyle that was developing there. This public attention caused streams of disenfranchised youth to descend on the city looking for free lodging, free food, free drugs, and free love. But the economics of thousands of people wanting stuff for free and increasingly fewer people willing to give it to them simply didn’t work out in the long run. Eventually, some of the older, more experienced residents of Haight-Ashbury began to prey on tourists visiting the district as well as new arrivals. There are many theories as to why the hippie movement originating in Haight-Ashbury didn’t survive, and I am not in a position to judge.
There are many theories as to why the hippie movement originating in Haight-Ashbury didn’t survive, and I am not in a position to judge. What was clear to just about everyone who wrote about the movement, however, was that the massive influx of people put a stress on the community. It is safe to say that by 1969, someone trying to find a hippie in Haight-Ashbury was at least as likely to find someone masquerading as one with the intention of profiting off the movement’s reputation. There are a lot of parallels to be drawn between Bitcoin and Haight-Ashbury. When the price of Bitcoin exploded in 2011 and again in late 2013–early 2014, the currency attracted the attention of mainstream media outlets and through them, hundreds of thousands of semi- and wannabe technonerds desperate to catch the next wave of digital wealth. But there already were thousands of people in the Bitcoin economy and they had years of experience in a realm where experience was exceedingly rare.
But there already were thousands of people in the Bitcoin economy and they had years of experience in a realm where experience was exceedingly rare. Unlike the hippie movement of the late 1960s, which was based on rejection of money and material goods, the Bitcoin movement is all about money. Bitcoin is a currency, after all. Although the behavior of the Haight-Ashbury scammers was in opposition to the hippies’ philosophy, the Bitcoin “movement” revolves around money, so it shouldn’t surprise anyone that it has attracted those whom Hunter S. Thompson would call “the Greedheads.” Many of us were attracted—some might say lured—to Bitcoin by the eloquent words of people such as Andreas Antonopoulos and Roger Ver, two well-spoken Bitcoin evangelists, each of whom was at one point or another labeled a “Bitcoin Jesus.” They promised a new economic system, one that would be less dependent on greed and thievery.
Nixonland: The Rise of a President and the Fracturing of America by Rick Perlstein
affirmative action, Alistair Cooke, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, Bretton Woods, cognitive dissonance, cuban missile crisis, delayed gratification, desegregation, East Village, European colonialism, full employment, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, immigration reform, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, index card, indoor plumbing, Mahatma Gandhi, Marshall McLuhan, Monroe Doctrine, New Urbanism, Own Your Own Home, Plutocrats, plutocrats, price mechanism, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, the medium is the message, traveling salesman, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, walking around money, War on Poverty, Whole Earth Catalog
The notion of the “Summer of Love” as some kind of untroubled idyll became impossible for the media to sustain: too many desperate flower children were addicted to hard drugs, turning tricks to survive. Joan Didion published an essay in the Saturday Evening Post about what she saw when she looked in on Time magazine’s Man of the Year in Haight-Ashbury: catatonics who left toddler children alone to start electrical fires and scolded them only for ruining the hashish. She called her piece “Slouching toward Bethlehem,” after a poem by Yeats: “The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere / The ceremony of innocence is drowned.” She didn’t even note the charismatic outlaw in Haight-Ashbury that summer luring young girls into his orbit the way Clyde lured Bonnie: a songwriter by the name of Charles Manson. The NYPD maintained a twenty-man undercover detail to help terrified parents find runaways. The New York Times’s J.
“The outcry of a generation is finally being taken seriously,” ran a letter responding to Time from a Steve Forrer, Gettysburg College, Class of ’69 (Time always included young letter-writers’ ages). “We are thinkers, cool guys, picketers, workers, fighters, but most of all we are the future of America—and that doesn’t scare us.” Pundits spoke of the 26 million new citizens who would come of voting age by the time the 1972 presidential election rolled around, politics’ new X-factor. In “paisley ghettos” such as Haight-Ashbury and New York’s East Village and Old Town in Chicago, teenagers chartered brave new worlds. The manifesto of the first gathering of publishers of the new “underground” press proclaimed as their purpose, “To warn the ‘civilized world’ of its impending collapse,” through “communications among aware communities outside the establishment.” (San Francisco that summer, the underground paper IVO promised, would be “the Rome of a future world founded on love.”)
To him, a hippie was someone “who dresses like Tarzan, has hair like Jane, and smells like Cheetah.” His national audience swooned. CHAPTER NINE Summer of Love WHILE SOME AMERICANS SWOONED ABOUT REAGAN, AN ENTIRELY noncontiguous group, which included portions of the national commentariat, were swooning about something called the Summer of Love—in which, a Washington Post reporter sent to its epicenter in the Haight-Ashbury district of San Francisco wrote in his book We Are the People Our Parents Warned Us Against, “youth drew attention to itself by clustering in large numbers in most major American cities, where they broke the narcotics laws proudly, publicly, and defiantly. At the same time, they enunciated a different social philosophy and a new politics, and perhaps even mothered into life a subculture that was new to America.”
Moondust: In Search of the Men Who Fell to Earth by Andrew Smith
British Empire, Buckminster Fuller, cuban missile crisis, full employment, game design, Haight Ashbury, Jeff Bezos, Mars Rover, Marshall McLuhan, Mikhail Gorbachev, Naomi Klein, nuclear winter, pensions crisis, Ronald Reagan, V2 rocket
He offers me a cup of coffee in his bright Texan drawl and gently cautions against hanging my leather jacket on the coat rack, because that’s Lhasa Apso territory and my incursion upon it would play havoc with the house social order, from whence it would be but a small step to anarchy. So I sling the jacket on a chair as Alan introduces the dogs by names which would make Tinky Winky blush. APOLLO 12, the second mission to the Moon, flew in November 1969, at the end of what had been a strange couple of years. The hippies of Haight-Ashbury in San Francisco had failed to pacify 1967 by declaring a “Summer of Love,” but 1968 was terrifying to most people. Thanks to the new satellite TV technology, the world now watched in real time as student protesters were beaten all over the U.S. and in Tokyo, Nairobi, Dacca and Prague, where Soviet tanks crushed Alexander Dubcek’s experiment in liberalization. Mick Jagger wrote the Rolling Stones’ “Street Fighting Man,” about the first violent anti-Vietnam demonstration in London, which he’d attended, while in the U.S.
Afterwards, I began to wonder whether you needed to have been there for any of this to make sense, whether you had to experience real fear that the lunar fantasy could drift into horror in order to feel any attachment to it? But then, working late two nights before I left the UK for Florida and Ed Mitchell’s grown-up flower children, a tune came on the radio which set what appeared to be a recording of Ed White’s ecstatic first American spacewalk to a lolloping techno backing. That stroll in space happened in 1965, as hippies flocked to Haight-Ashbury in San Francisco; racial tensions prepared to erupt across LA; Time magazine declared “Swinging London” the locus of world hip and predicted that one million doses of acid would be taken in the next year. The tune turned out to be “Space Walk,” by a group called Lemon Jelly, and it went on to establish them as a major act in Europe. I called to ask what had led Lemon Jelly to Ed White and the group’s Fred Deakin told me that they’d found an old album called Flight to the Moon, which contained recordings from the space programme, and they’d been struck by how emotive they still were.
Burlington, Ontario: Apogee Books, 2001. Hartmann, William K. (ed.) et al. In the Stream of Stars: The Soviet/ American Space Art Book . New York: Workman Publishing, 1990. Heinlein, Robert A. The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress . New York: Orb, 1997. Hobsbawm, Eric. Age of Extremes: The Short History of the Twentieth Century 1914–1991 . London: Abacus, 1995. Hoskyns, Barney. Beneath the Diamond Sky: Haight-Ashbury 1965–1970 . London: Bloomsbury, 1997. Hughes, Ted. Moon-Whales and Other Poems . New York: Viking Press, 1976. Kauffman, James L. Selling Outer Space: Kennedy, the Media, and Funding for Project Apollo, 1961–1963 . Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1994. Kelly, Thomas J. Moon Lander: How We Developed the Apollo Lunar Module . Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2001. Kozloski, Lillian D.
air freight, banking crisis, bitcoin, blockchain, Buckminster Fuller, Burning Man, cloud computing, credit crunch, crowdsourcing, death of newspapers, double helix, fiat currency, Firefox, Fractional reserve banking, frictionless, Haight Ashbury, Kevin Kelly, means of production, Menlo Park, Mother of all demos, Network effects, packet switching, pattern recognition, pre–internet, RAND corporation, Satoshi Nakamoto, Skype, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, trade route, Whole Earth Catalog, Zimmermann PGP
(These descriptions deliberately and necessarily simplify the interaction between drugs and the brain, since each category of drugs actually acts on both systems at once, and each system is far too complicated for any non-scientist to describe – or read about.) As the social taboos and moral panics around psychedelics started to build, Dow found itself the uneasy holder of patents for powerful psychedelics such as DOM – a designer drug created by Shulgin and popularized following the outlawing of LSD. This potent drug flooded the streets of Haight-Ashbury in 1967 and is said to have caused many traumatic episodes as tablets containing guaranteed overdoses of the chemical circulated in their thousands. Syd Barrett of Pink Floyd is said to have been profoundly affected by the drug in the years preceding his nervous breakdown and withdrawal from society.4 Shulgin left Dow in 1965 and set up his home laboratory in Lafayette, where he continued engineering new drugs from the basic mescaline phenethylamine structure.
., 1 Forensic Science Service, 1 Forsyth, Alasdair, 1 frog and toad venoms, 1 Fuller, Buckminster, 1 Gamble, Jim, 1 Garrett, Sheryl, 1 GBL, 1 General Store, 1 Georgia, drug testing in, 1 Gilmore, John, 1, 2, 3 Ginsberg, Allen, 1 Glastonbury, 1 Global Drug Survey, 1 Goldman, William, 1 Google, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 Gorman, Chester F., 1 Götz, Wolfgang, 1 Goulão, João, 1 Granquist, Lamont, 1 Grateful Dead, 1 Grey, Briane, 1 Guardian, 1, 2 Guatemala, 1 Gungell, Kathy, 1 hagigat, 1 Haight-Ashbury, 1 Hancyez, Laszlo, 1 harm reduction, 1, 2, 3, 4 Harrigan, Martin, 1 Hartelius, Jonas, 1 hashish, see marijuana Haupt Hansen, Dannie, 1, 2, 3 Hawaiian Baby Woodrose, 1 headshops, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 health supplements, 1 Heffter, Arthur, 1 Herbal Ecstasy, 1 heroin, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 analogues, 1, 2 and decriminalization debate, 1, 2, 3 intravenous use, 1, 2 and Mexican drugs war, 1 online sales, 1, 2 Hitchens, Peter, 1 HIV, 1, 2 Hive, the, 1, 2, 3, 4 Hofmann, Albert, 1 Holder, Eric, 1 Holland, see Netherlands Hollis, Tim, 1 Home Affairs Select Committee (HASC), 1 Hong Kong, 1, 2, 3 House of Commons, 1, 2 House of Lords, 1, 2, 3 HTML, 1, 2, 3 Huffington Post, 1 Huffman, John William, 1, 2, 3 hushmail, 1, 2 Huson, Hobart, 1 Huxley, Aldous, 1, 2, 3 Hyperreal Drug Archives, 1 Ibiza, 1, 2 Independent Drug Monitoring Unit, 1 Independent Scientific Committee on Drugs, 1 India, 1, 2, 3 Indopan, 1 Institute of Drugs and Drug Addiction, 1 International Foundation for Advanced Study, 1 International Opium Convention, 1, 2 internet arrival of world wide web, 1 the Backbone Cabal, 1 and cloud computing, 1 Dark Web, 1, 2, 3 domain name system, 1 early development, 1 growth of drug sales, 1 speeds, 1 user numbers, 1 value of ecommerce, 1 Web 2.0 era, 1 Invisible Touch, 1 iPhone, 1 Iran, 1 Ireland, closure of headshops, 1 isosafrole, 1 Israel, 1, 2 iTunes, 1 Iversen, Les, 1 Ivory Wave, 1, 2 Japan, 1 Jefferson Airplane, 1 Jenkins, Floridian Jeffrey (Eleusis/Zwitterion), 1 JLF Poisonous Non-Consumables, 1, 2 Jobs, Steve, 1 Johnson, Alan, 1 Jones, Grace, 1 Jones, Lloyd, 1 Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 1 JWH-018, 1, 2, 3 JWH-073, 1, 2 JWH-200, 1 K2, 1 Kelly, Kevin, 1 Kentish Gazette, 1 Kesey, Ken, 1, 2 ketamine, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 online sales, 1, 2 khat, 1 Kinetic, 1, 2 King, Les, 1 Kleinrock, Leonard, 1 kratom, 1 krebbe, 1 Kushlick, Danny, 1 Laing, R.
The Quants by Scott Patterson
Albert Einstein, asset allocation, automated trading system, Benoit Mandelbrot, Bernie Madoff, Bernie Sanders, Black Swan, Black-Scholes formula, Bonfire of the Vanities, Brownian motion, buttonwood tree, buy low sell high, capital asset pricing model, centralized clearinghouse, Claude Shannon: information theory, cloud computing, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collateralized debt obligation, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, diversification, Donald Trump, Doomsday Clock, Emanuel Derman, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, fixed income, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, Haight Ashbury, index fund, invention of the telegraph, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, job automation, John Nash: game theory, law of one price, Long Term Capital Management, Louis Bachelier, mandelbrot fractal, margin call, merger arbitrage, NetJets, new economy, offshore financial centre, Paul Lévy, Ponzi scheme, quantitative hedge fund, quantitative trading / quantitative ﬁnance, race to the bottom, random walk, Renaissance Technologies, risk-adjusted returns, Rod Stewart played at Stephen Schwarzman birthday party, Ronald Reagan, Sergey Aleynikov, short selling, South Sea Bubble, speech recognition, statistical arbitrage, The Chicago School, The Great Moderation, The Predators' Ball, too big to fail, transaction costs, value at risk, volatility smile, yield curve, éminence grise
As the go-go sixties bull market roared to life, other rock star hedge fund managers, such as the Hungarian savant George Soros, appeared on the scene. By 1968, there were 140 hedge funds in operation in the United States, according to a survey by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Ed Thorp was about to add to that growing list. His chance came in August the following year, 1969. Hippies partied in Haight-Ashbury. The war in Vietnam raged. The New York Jets, led by “Broadway” Joe Namath, beat the Baltimore Colts to win the Super Bowl. But Ed Thorp focused like a laser on a single goal: making money. That’s when he happened to meet Jay Regan, a Dartmouth philosophy major working for a Philadelphia brokerage firm, Butcher & Sherrerd. A full decade younger than Thorp, Regan had read Beat the Market and was blown away by the book’s revolutionary trading strategy.
The constant search for hidden factors in market prices could turn into a voodoolike hunt for prophecies in chicken entrails, dark portents in cloud shapes. The relaxing, sun-splashed atmosphere of BARRA was something of a revelation to Muller after the do-nothing burbs of Jersey and the cloistered corridors of Princeton. It was the mid-1980s. Nostalgia for the sixties was on the rise. And there were few better places to catch that wave than Berkeley, a short hop to the surfer hangouts at Half Moon Bay and the hippie haven of Haight-Ashbury. Of course, working for a financial research outfit didn’t exactly fit the classic hippie mold, but Muller was fine with that. He’d had enough of scrounging for money, playing music for peanuts. The $33,000-a-year salary he was making at BARRA was a boon, and there was certainly more to come. Most of all, he was determined that however much money he made, he wouldn’t turn into Ebenezer Scrooge.
Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia by Anthony M. Townsend
1960s counterculture, 4chan, A Pattern Language, Airbnb, Amazon Web Services, anti-communist, Apple II, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Burning Man, business process, call centre, carbon footprint, charter city, chief data officer, clean water, cleantech, cloud computing, computer age, congestion charging, connected car, crack epidemic, crowdsourcing, DARPA: Urban Challenge, data acquisition, Deng Xiaoping, East Village, Edward Glaeser, game design, garden city movement, Geoffrey West, Santa Fe Institute, George Gilder, ghettoisation, global supply chain, Grace Hopper, Haight Ashbury, Hedy Lamarr / George Antheil, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, interchangeable parts, Internet Archive, Internet of things, Jacquard loom, Jacquard loom, Jane Jacobs, jitney, John Snow's cholera map, Khan Academy, Kibera, knowledge worker, load shedding, M-Pesa, Mark Zuckerberg, megacity, mobile money, mutually assured destruction, new economy, New Urbanism, Norbert Wiener, Occupy movement, openstreetmap, packet switching, patent troll, place-making, planetary scale, popular electronics, RFC: Request For Comment, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Gordon, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia, smart grid, smart meter, social graph, social software, social web, special economic zone, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stuxnet, supply-chain management, technoutopianism, Ted Kaczynski, telepresence, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, too big to fail, trade route, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, Upton Sinclair, uranium enrichment, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, Vannevar Bush, working poor, working-age population, X Prize, Y2K, zero day, Zipcar
America is no stranger to youth movements, though it had been a long time since one loomed so large in the public mind. The closest analogue is probably 1967, when tens of thousands of young people descended on San Francisco’s Haight-Ashbury district. In a hothouse of social experimentation that became known as the “Summer of Love,” they shared everything—housing, food, drugs, and sex. The enormous cultural impact of that psychedelic freak-out on American society can be felt today, and it still casts a long shadow over San Francisco. There, Hirshberg has been a driving force behind a new creative space just down the hill from Haight-Ashbury, the Gray Area Foundation for the Arts. Both physically and spiritually, it sits at the intersection of that 1960s counterculture and a new techno-utopianism. It’s just a few steps to either Twitter’s headquarters or the head office of Burning Man, the radical art festival that builds a temporary city in the Nevada desert each summer.
Born Standing Up: A Comic's Life by Steve Martin
The club was tiny and makeshift, decorated with chairs, tables, a couple of bare lightbulbs, and nothing else. I had romanticized San Francisco as an exotic destination, away from friends and family and toward mystery and adventure, so I often drove my twenty-year-old self up from Los Angeles to audition my fledgling comedy act at a club or to play banjo on the street for tips. I would either sleep in my VW van, camp out in Golden Gate Park, pay for a cheap hotel, or snag a free room in a Haight-Ashbury Victorian crash pad by making an instant friend. At this point, my act was a catchall, cobbled together from the disparate universes of juggling, comedy, banjo playing, weird bits I’d written in college, and magic tricks. I was strictly Monday-night quality, the night when, traditionally, anyone could get up to perform. All we entertainers knew Mondays were really audition nights for the club.
The Filter Bubble: What the Internet Is Hiding From You by Eli Pariser
A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, A Pattern Language, Amazon Web Services, augmented reality, back-to-the-land, Black Swan, borderless world, Build a better mousetrap, Cass Sunstein, citizen journalism, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, crowdsourcing, Danny Hillis, data acquisition, disintermediation, don't be evil, Filter Bubble, Flash crash, fundamental attribution error, global village, Haight Ashbury, Internet of things, Isaac Newton, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, Kevin Kelly, knowledge worker, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, megacity, Netflix Prize, new economy, PageRank, paypal mafia, Peter Thiel, recommendation engine, RFID, sentiment analysis, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, social graph, social software, social web, speech recognition, Startup school, statistical model, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, technoutopianism, the scientific method, urban planning, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks, Y Combinator
Brand’s impact on the culture of Silicon Valley and geekdom is hard to overestimate—though he wasn’t a programmer himself, his vision shaped the Silicon Valley worldview. As Fred Turner details in the fascinating From Counterculture to Cyberculture, Brand and his cadre of do-it-yourself futurists were disaffected hippies—social revolutionaries who were uncomfortable with the communes sprouting up in Haight-Ashbury. Rather than seeking to build a new world through political change, which required wading through the messiness of compromise and group decision making, they set out to build a world on their own. In Hackers, his groundbreaking history of the rise of engineering culture, Steve Levy points out that this ideal spread from the programmers themselves to the users “each time some user flicked the machine on, and the screen came alive with words, thoughts, pictures, and sometimes elaborate worlds built out of air—those computer programs which could make any man (or woman) a god.”
airport security, Alfred Russel Wallace, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Berlin Wall, Black Swan, book scanning, Cass Sunstein, corporate social responsibility, crowdsourcing, Danny Hillis, David Brooks, Debian, double entry bookkeeping, double helix, en.wikipedia.org, Exxon Valdez, Fall of the Berlin Wall, future of journalism, Galaxy Zoo, Hacker Ethic, Haight Ashbury, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, invention of the telegraph, jimmy wales, John Harrison: Longitude, Kevin Kelly, linked data, Netflix Prize, New Journalism, Nicholas Carr, Norbert Wiener, openstreetmap, P = NP, Pluto: dwarf planet, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, Republic of Letters, RFID, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, semantic web, slashdot, social graph, Steven Pinker, Stewart Brand, technological singularity, Ted Nelson, the scientific method, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Thomas Malthus, Whole Earth Catalog, X Prize
Founded in 1975 by the generational icon Stewart Brand, with Larry Brilliant, The WELL has been one of the longest-running conversations on the Net. Its origins are in the hippie culture of which Brand is an avatar—the name stands for The Whole Earth ’Lectronic Link, a reference to Brand’s Whole Earth Catalog—but the 4,000 current members seem to reflect more of an earnest coffee-shop culture than the shirtless non-linearity of Haight-Ashbury. Jon Lebkowsky, who has been on The WELL since 1987, says that the site’s success was not accidental. “They were successful in building the community by seeding it originally with people who were great conversationalists,” waiving the fees for the people they wanted involved. Lebkowsky adds, “They also invited the Grateful Dead crowd, and a lot of journalists.”12 After the seeding comes the gardening.
Where were the old ladies with long gray hair and low-hangers? I’d come to the middle of the desert expecting a spiritual experience, only to feel the kind of physical inadequacy usually reserved for seeing a Victoria’s Secret ad. Fantastic. Although I saw plenty of these hot chicks with impossibly high boobs and long legs, the men who seemed inclined to disrobe, much fewer in number, were all Haight-Ashbury throwbacks over the age of seventy with long beards and leathery skin. Where was the equity? Through all the desert madness at Burning Man, I did meet this character Henry. Though he is a Stanford businessman in real life, at the time I met him at our “camp” in Black Rock City, Nevada, he was wearing black nail polish and a man-skirt. He lived near me in New York, which brings me back to my search for love and Henry’s Christmas party.
Designing Your Life: How to Build a Well-Lived, Joyful Life by Bill Burnett, Dave Evans
David Brooks, fear of failure, financial independence, game design, Haight Ashbury, invention of the printing press, iterative process, knowledge worker, market design, science of happiness, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, Steve Jobs
Martha is a technology executive who was looking to try something more meaningful for the latter half of her life. She came up with three very different plans for her future, each a little more risky and innovative, but all involving some kind of community building. Her three plans were: doing her first Silicon Valley–style start-up, becoming the CEO of a nonprofit working with at-risk kids, and opening a fun and friendly neighborhood bar in the Haight-Ashbury district of San Francisco, where she lived. Note that each example has a six-word headline describing the plan, a four-gauge dashboard (we really like dashboards), and the three questions that this particular alternative plan is asking. Example 1 Title: “All In—The Silicon Valley Story” Questions 1. “Do I have what it takes to be an entrepreneur?” 2. “Is my idea good enough?” 3.
air freight, Apple II, Bill Gates: Altair 8800, Buckminster Fuller, Byte Shop, computer age, computer vision, corporate governance, El Camino Real, game design, Hacker Ethic, hacker house, Haight Ashbury, John Conway, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, non-fiction novel, Paul Graham, popular electronics, RAND corporation, reversible computing, Richard Stallman, Silicon Valley, software patent, speech recognition, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, Whole Earth Catalog, Y Combinator
In the Berkeley Barb a week after the experiment began, Lee wrote that during the Model 33 teletype terminal’s first five days at Leopold’s, it was in use 1,434 minutes, accepting 151 new items, and printing out 188 sessions, thirty-two percent of which represented successful searches. And the violence level was nonexistent: Lee reported “one hundred percent smiles.” Word spread, and soon people came seeking important connections. If you typed in FIND HEALTH CLINICS, for instance, you would get information on any of eight, from the Haight-Ashbury Medical Research Clinic to the George Jackson People’s Free Clinic. A request for BAGELS—someone asking where in the Bay Area one could find good New York-style bagels—got four responses: three of them naming retail outlets, another one from a person named Michael who gave his phone number and offered to show the inquirer how to make his or her own bagels. People found chess partners, study partners, and sex partners for boa constrictors.
., Applefest Garriott, Richard, Applefest, Applefest, Applefest Gates, Bill, Tiny BASIC, Tiny BASIC, Frogger, Afterword: 2010, Afterword: 2010, Afterword: 2010 Gebelli, Nasir, The Brotherhood, Frogger General Electric Science Fair, The Tech Model Railroad Club George Jackson People’s Free Clinic, Revolt in 2100 Glider gun, Life GNU operating system, Afterword: 2010 Gobbler game, The Third Generation Godbout, Bill, Every Man a God Going public, The Wizard and the Princess Gold panning, Frogger Golden, Vinnie “the Bear”, Every Man a God Google, Afterword: 2010 Gorlin, Dan, Frogger Gosper, Bill, Spacewar, Greenblatt and Gosper, Greenblatt and Gosper, Greenblatt and Gosper, Winners and Losers, Winners and Losers, Life, Life, Afterword: 2010 Graham, Paul, Afterword: 2010 Great Subway Hack, Winners and Losers, Life Greenblatt, Richard, Greenblatt and Gosper, Greenblatt and Gosper, Greenblatt and Gosper, Greenblatt and Gosper, Winners and Losers, Winners and Losers, Life, Life, Life, Life, The Wizard and the Princess, Afterword: 2010 Griffin, Kathy, Afterword: 2010 Gronk, Winners and Losers Guinness Book of World Records, Frogger Gulf & Western Conglomerate, Sega division, Frogger H Hack, The Tech Model Railroad Club Hackathons, Afterword: 2010 HACKER (Sussman program), Winners and Losers Hacker Dojo, Afterword: 2010 Hacker Ethic, The Hacker Ethic, The Hacker Ethic, Spacewar, Greenblatt and Gosper, The Midnight Computer Wiring Society, Winners and Losers, Life, Life, Revolt in 2100, Revolt in 2100, Every Man a God, Every Man a God, The Homebrew Computer Club, The Homebrew Computer Club, Tiny BASIC, Secrets, Secrets, The Wizard and the Princess, The Brotherhood, The Brotherhood, The Brotherhood, The Third Generation, Frogger, Frogger, Applefest, Applefest, Wizard vs. Wizards Hackers, The Tech Model Railroad Club, Greenblatt and Gosper, Life, Every Man a God, Wizard vs. Wizards hardware, Life Hackers Conference, Afterword: 2010 Hacking, current state, Afterword: 2010 Haight-Ashbury Medical Research Clinic, Revolt in 2100 HAL (2001), The Homebrew Computer Club Hamilton, Margaret, The Midnight Computer Wiring Society Hands-On Imperative, The Tech Model Railroad Club, The Hacker Ethic, Greenblatt and Gosper, Revolt in 2100, Revolt in 2100, The Third Generation Hardware hackers, Life Harris, John, The Third Generation, The Third Generation, The Third Generation, The Third Generation, Summer Camp, Summer Camp, Frogger, Frogger, Frogger, Wizard vs.
We were all immigrants or children of immigrants or African Americans. And I couldn’t see any of us rising out of that decaying school (that’d be shut down within a few years) and attaining any lofty goals. Sure I wanted encouragement—I didn’t exactly want the nuns to tell us we were losers and would always be losers. But I wanted realistic encouragement. Growing up in a family of seven in what was built as a onebedroom apartment in the pre-yuppified Haight-Ashbury district of San Francisco in the 1970s, I figured I was destined for a life of drudgery. My father had grown up in an impoverished family of eight living in a two-room tenement apartment in Glasgow, Scotland. He was still living in those two rooms when, at nearly forty, he married and emigrated to San Francisco in pursuit of a more prosperous life. For decades, he held a steady job at a customs office.
Richard Dawkins: How a Scientist Changed the Way We Think by Alan Grafen; Mark Ridley
Alfred Russel Wallace, Arthur Eddington, bioinformatics, cognitive bias, computer age, conceptual framework, Dava Sobel, double helix, Douglas Hofstadter, epigenetics, Fellow of the Royal Society, Haight Ashbury, interchangeable parts, Isaac Newton, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, John von Neumann, loose coupling, Murray Gell-Mann, Necker cube, phenotype, profit maximization, Ronald Reagan, Stephen Hawking, Steven Pinker, the scientific method, theory of mind, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Yogi Berra
I knew I was reading the work of a Master when I saw on the first page of the Methods that ‘The chicks were tested in Paris’. A misprint perhaps, but it certainly conveyed the impression of a certain style! Richard has spent most of his career at Oxford, but for two years in the late 1960s he was at Berkeley, during the time of hippies, student riots, and revolution. On his return he recounted how one day, while he was walking down Haight Ashbury, no doubt on his way to a bookstore and wearing empire-building shorts and well-trimmed hair, a car full of gawping tourists drove slowly past him, and a child inside was heard exclaiming ‘Hey Maw, it’s one of the weirdos!’ ENDNOTES 1 R. Dawkins and J. R. Krebs, ‘Animal Signals: Information or manipulation’, in J. R. Krebs and N. B. Davies (eds.), Behavioural Ecology: An Evolutionary Approach (Oxford: Blackwell, ist edn., 1978), 282-309. 2 N.
The Hacker Crackdown by Bruce Sterling
Apple II, back-to-the-land, game design, ghettoisation, Haight Ashbury, Howard Rheingold, HyperCard, index card, informal economy, Jaron Lanier, pirate software, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Silicon Valley, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, the scientific method, Whole Earth Catalog, Whole Earth Review
He is perhaps best known as a songwriter for the Grateful Dead, for he composed lyrics for "Hell in a Bucket," "Picasso Moon," "Mexicali Blues," "I Need a Miracle," and many more; he has been writing for the band since 1970. Before we tackle the vexing question as to why a rock lyricist should be interviewed by the FBI in a computer-crime case, it might be well to say a word or two about the Grateful Dead. The Grateful Dead are perhaps the most successful and long-lasting of the numerous cultural emanations from the Haight-Ashbury district of San Francisco, in the glory days of Movement politics and lysergic transcendance. The Grateful Dead are a nexus, a veritable whirlwind, of applique decals, psychedelic vans, tie-dyed T-shirts, earth-color denim, frenzied dancing and open and unashamed drug use. The symbols, and the realities, of Californian freak power surround the Grateful Dead like knotted macrame. The Grateful Dead and their thousands of Deadhead devotees are radical Bohemians.
Beyond: Our Future in Space by Chris Impey
3D printing, Admiral Zheng, Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, Berlin Wall, Buckminster Fuller, butterfly effect, California gold rush, carbon-based life, Colonization of Mars, cosmic abundance, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, dark matter, discovery of DNA, Doomsday Clock, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Eratosthenes, Haight Ashbury, Hyperloop, I think there is a world market for maybe five computers, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, John von Neumann, Kickstarter, life extension, Mahatma Gandhi, Mars Rover, mutually assured destruction, Oculus Rift, operation paperclip, out of africa, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, phenotype, purchasing power parity, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, RFID, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman: Challenger O-ring, risk tolerance, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, Searching for Interstellar Communications, Silicon Valley, skunkworks, Skype, Stephen Hawking, Steven Pinker, supervolcano, technological singularity, telepresence, telerobotics, the medium is the message, the scientific method, theory of mind, V2 rocket, wikimedia commons, X Prize, Yogi Berra
The occupants wore jumpsuits out of Star Trek—which, depending on your point of view, made them look like either consummate professionals or inmates at a county jail. Few had serious scientific credentials. The soaring architecture was inspired by Buckminster Fuller’s geodesic domes, but there was also a darker backstory associated with founder John Allen, who ran a commune in New Mexico that had the trappings of a cult. Allen was a metallurgist and Harvard MBA who experimented with peyote and spent the late 1960s lecturing in San Francisco’s Haight-Ashbury district. In 1974, when young Yale dropout Ed Bass arrived at Allen’s Synergia Ranch, the two men instantly hit it off, based on their shared interest in the environment. Allen had big ideas and Bass was heir to an oil fortune, so they built an 82-foot sailboat and traveled around the world studying ecosystems and sustainable development. Allen became obsessed with space colonization.2 Figure 45.
Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, cuban missile crisis, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Haight Ashbury, impulse control, interchangeable parts, Isaac Newton, life extension, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, nuclear winter, packet switching, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Stanislav Petrov, Stewart Brand, too big to fail, uranium enrichment
Three enlisted men at a Nike Hercules base in San Rafael, California, were removed from guard duty for psychiatric reasons. One of them had been charged with pointing a loaded rifle at the head of a sergeant. Although illegal drugs were not involved in the case, the three men were allowed to guard the missiles, despite a history of psychiatric problems. The squadron was understaffed, and its commander feared that hippies—“people from the Haight-Ashbury”—were trying to steal nuclear weapons. More than one fourth of the crew on the USS Nathan Hale, a Polaris submarine with sixteen ballistic missiles, were investigated for illegal drug use. Eighteen of the thirty-eight seamen were cleared; the rest were discharged or removed from submarine duty. A former crew member of the Nathan Hale told a reporter that hashish was often smoked when the sub was at sea.
thirty-five members of an Army unit … using and selling marijuana and LSD: See Flora Lewis, “Men Who Handle Nuclear Weapons Also Using Drugs,” Boston Globe, September 6, 1971. Nineteen members of an Army detachment were arrested on pot charges: See “GI’s at Nuclear Base Face Pot Charges,” Los Angeles Times, October 4, 1972. Three enlisted men at a Nike Hercules base in San Rafael: See “3 Atom Guards Called Unstable; Major Suspended,” New York Times, August 18, 1969; and “Unstable Atom Guards Probed,” Boston Globe, August 18, 1969. “people from the Haight-Ashbury”: Quoted in “Unstable Atom Guards.” More than one fourth of the crew on the USS Nathan Hale: Cited in “Men Who Handle Nuclear Weapons.” A former crew member of the Nathan Hale told a reporter: See ibid. The crew member of another ballistic missile submarine thought that smoking marijuana while at sea was too risky, because of the strong aroma. The tight quarters of the sub inspired an alternative.
The Dream Machine: J.C.R. Licklider and the Revolution That Made Computing Personal by M. Mitchell Waldrop
Ada Lovelace, air freight, Alan Turing: On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Apple II, battle of ideas, Berlin Wall, Bill Duvall, Bill Gates: Altair 8800, Byte Shop, Claude Shannon: information theory, computer age, conceptual framework, cuban missile crisis, double helix, Douglas Engelbart, Dynabook, experimental subject, fault tolerance, Frederick Winslow Taylor, friendly fire, From Mathematics to the Technologies of Life and Death, Haight Ashbury, Howard Rheingold, information retrieval, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Jeff Rulifson, John von Neumann, Menlo Park, New Journalism, Norbert Wiener, packet switching, pink-collar, popular electronics, RAND corporation, RFC: Request For Comment, Silicon Valley, Steve Crocker, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, Turing machine, Turing test, Vannevar Bush, Von Neumann architecture, Wiener process
This was also not a given, not in the sixties. In a decade that was justly fa- mous for turmoil, the years that brought the ARPA network into being-1966 through 1969-were enough to make one wonder what shreds of the social fabric could possibly survive. The summer of 1967, when Larry Roberts was drafting his preliminary plan for the network, was the Summer of Love for the hippies in San Francisco's drug-soaked Haight-Ashbury district. But it was also a Long, Hot Summer of rioting in the black ghettos of Newark, Detroit, and more than a hundred other cities; the National Guard was called out for the first time since World War II. October 1967, the month when Roberts announced his network plan in Gatlinburg, was also a month that saw some fifty thousand antiwar demonstrators rally at the Pentagon, where protesters in psychedelic face paint THE INTERGALACTIC NETWORK 281 stuck flowers in the gun barrels of guardsmen sent to control them.
"That was the lie we told ourselves," recalls a wry Bob Metcalfe, then an undergraduate computer-science major at MIT: "Our money was bloody on only one side." Then, too, many of these kids were nothing if not escapist. The obsessive techno-weenies who haunted the terminal rooms of Project MAC and the other ARPA sites were children of the sixties, all right. But the worlds they were creat- ing for themselves had less in common with the angry antiwar movement out on the streets than with the psychedelic, peace-and-love communes of Haight- Ashbury. Their passion for a newly popular epic fantasy called The Lord of the Rings was equaled only by their obsession with science fiction-and with the ubiquitous computer game Spacewar, which sprang into existence wherever there was a PDP machine to run it on. For most of them, "ARPA" didn't mean "Pentagon." It was more like a magic word that opened a door into the Land of Faerie itself, a magical realm full of machines that could do anything their imag- inations could contrive, while providing a refuge from the all-too-real tumult around them.
Little Brother by Cory Doctorow
airport security, Berlin Wall, citizen journalism, Firefox, game design, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, Internet Archive, Isaac Newton, Jane Jacobs, Jeff Bezos, mail merge, RFID, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, slashdot, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, web of trust, zero day
Mom took me in her arms, the way she used to when I was a little boy, and she stroked my hair, and she murmured in my ear, and rocked me, and gradually, slowly, the sobs dissipated. I took a deep breath and Mom got me a glass of water. I sat on the edge of my bed and she sat in my desk chair and I told her everything. Everything. Well, most of it. &&& Chapter 16 [[This chapter is dedicated to San Francisco's Booksmith, ensconced in the storied Haight-Ashbury neighborhood, just a few doors down from the Ben and Jerry's at the exact corner of Haight and Ashbury. The Booksmith folks really know how to run an author event -- when I lived in San Francisco, I used to go down all the time to hear incredible writers speak (William Gibson was unforgettable). They also produce little baseball-card-style trading cards for each author -- I have two from my own appearances there.]]
The Laurel's Kitchen Bread Book: A Guide to Whole-Grain Breadmaking by Laurel Robertson, Carol Flinders, Bronwen Godfrey
Walter originated a no-equipment method of baking: measure with a coffee can, mix, then turn the dough out on floury newspaper. Knead it well, let the dough rise in any convenient container, grease the coffee can, put in the dough, and let it rise again. Bake, of course, in the can. Coffee-can bread had become famous two summers before, when Walter and others turned out hundreds of loaves a week from the basement of a church in the Haight-Ashbury district of San Francisco, using donated flour to provide what was sometimes the only sustenance for many of the ‘flower children’ that received it. A few years later, during the Poor People’s March on Washington, the coffee cans reappeared in Resurrection City, where the bread came off the back of Walter’s pickup truck, hot from a gas oven converted to propane. The country was just catching on to the idea that whiteness and goodness are not necessarily the same, and Walter and Ruth Reynolds believed good brown bread had a part to play in the drama.
accounting loophole / creative accounting, Albert Einstein, Asian financial crisis, asset-backed security, Black Swan, Black-Scholes formula, Bretton Woods, BRICs, Brownian motion, business process, buy low sell high, call centre, capital asset pricing model, collateralized debt obligation, complexity theory, corporate governance, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, cuban missile crisis, currency peg, disintermediation, diversification, diversified portfolio, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, financial innovation, fixed income, Haight Ashbury, high net worth, implied volatility, index arbitrage, index card, index fund, interest rate derivative, interest rate swap, Isaac Newton, job satisfaction, locking in a profit, Long Term Capital Management, mandelbrot fractal, margin call, market bubble, Marshall McLuhan, mass affluent, merger arbitrage, Mexican peso crisis / tequila crisis, moral hazard, mutually assured destruction, new economy, New Journalism, Nick Leeson, offshore financial centre, oil shock, Parkinson's law, placebo effect, Ponzi scheme, purchasing power parity, quantitative trading / quantitative ﬁnance, random walk, regulatory arbitrage, risk-adjusted returns, risk/return, shareholder value, short selling, South Sea Bubble, statistical model, technology bubble, the medium is the message, time value of money, too big to fail, transaction costs, value at risk, Vanguard fund, volatility smile, yield curve, Yogi Berra, zero-coupon bond
He maintained investment records on elaborate systems such as index cards and a calendar, and the most sophisticated analytical tool he used was a wristwatch calculator. (Ironically, the revered Fischer Black was also partial to wristwatch calculators.) At a personal level, Citron behaved oddly. He loved the colour turquoise: he dressed in turquoise, favouring paisley ties in the same colour. He had turquoise jewellery and a turquoise convertible Chrysler. The behaviour was perhaps not remarkable in California, at least from any survivor of the Haight-Ashbury period of the 1960s. The subsequent court proceedings revealed the details of Citron’s investment process. It transpired that he relied on the advice of a psychic and a mail order astrologer for financial guidance. Citron admitted to using a $4.50 star chart prepared by an Indianapolis astrologer to help him manage Orange County’s money. In 1994, Greenspan pushed up US$ interest rates rapidly and the yield curve flattened.
1960s counterculture, Bonfire of the Vanities, British Empire, citizen journalism, cognitive dissonance, Donner party, East Village, Haight Ashbury, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, Menlo Park, New Journalism, non-fiction novel, pre–internet, rent control, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Stewart Brand, upwardly mobile, working poor
Nixon’s fumbling perfidy had inflamed both the left and the right and had distorted the political discourse beyond recognition: “He had scorched reason a little further out of existence.” VULGARIAN AT THE GATE The ideological breakdowns of the sixties were a bitter disappointment to Thompson, Mailer, and all of those journalists who truly believed that they just might bear witness to a great American political awakening. But Nixon was reelected, the New Left splintered and faded, and Haight-Ashbury became a seedy countercultural Disneyland. There was a new revolution afoot, but it was directed inward, toward the cultivation of one’s own personality, mental health, and physical well-being. It was the era of encounter sessions, EST, group therapy. Tom Wolfe called it the third great American awakening, a natural evolution arising from the drug experimentation and communal living of the previous decade.
How Markets Fail: The Logic of Economic Calamities by John Cassidy
Albert Einstein, Andrei Shleifer, anti-communist, asset allocation, asset-backed security, availability heuristic, bank run, banking crisis, Benoit Mandelbrot, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, Black-Scholes formula, Bretton Woods, British Empire, capital asset pricing model, centralized clearinghouse, collateralized debt obligation, Columbine, conceptual framework, Corn Laws, correlation coefficient, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, crony capitalism, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, debt deflation, diversification, Elliott wave, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, financial deregulation, financial innovation, Financial Instability Hypothesis, financial intermediation, full employment, George Akerlof, global supply chain, Haight Ashbury, hiring and firing, Hyman Minsky, income per capita, incomplete markets, index fund, invisible hand, John Nash: game theory, John von Neumann, Joseph Schumpeter, laissez-faire capitalism, liquidity trap, London Interbank Offered Rate, Long Term Capital Management, Louis Bachelier, mandelbrot fractal, margin call, market bubble, market clearing, mental accounting, Mikhail Gorbachev, Mont Pelerin Society, moral hazard, mortgage debt, Naomi Klein, Network effects, Nick Leeson, Northern Rock, paradox of thrift, Ponzi scheme, price discrimination, price stability, principal–agent problem, profit maximization, quantitative trading / quantitative ﬁnance, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, random walk, Renaissance Technologies, rent control, Richard Thaler, risk tolerance, risk-adjusted returns, road to serfdom, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, short selling, Silicon Valley, South Sea Bubble, sovereign wealth fund, statistical model, technology bubble, The Chicago School, The Great Moderation, The Market for Lemons, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, transaction costs, unorthodox policies, value at risk, Vanguard fund
We are all separate individuals, each with our own aims and purposes. Even when our capacity for love moves us to make sacrifices for others, we each do so in our own way and for our own reasons. If we pretend otherwise, we have no hope of ever getting to grips with the Tragedy of the Commons. 12. HIDDEN INFORMATION AND THE MARKET FOR LEMONS In the late summer of 1966, significant things were happening in California’s Bay Area. In Haight-Ashbury, a run-down neighborhood of cheap apartments and vacant buildings just east of Golden Gate State Park, a vibrant subculture was developing around marijuana, LSD, and the psychedelic music of Jefferson Airplane and the Grateful Dead, two local bands; in Candlestick Park, out near the airport, which was then home to the San Francisco Giants football team, the Beatles played what turned out to be their final concert before paying fans; across the water in Oakland, Bobby Seale and Huey P.
Future Shock by Alvin Toffler
Albert Einstein, Brownian motion, Buckminster Fuller, cognitive dissonance, Colonization of Mars, corporate governance, East Village, global village, Haight Ashbury, information retrieval, invention of agriculture, invention of movable type, invention of writing, Marshall McLuhan, Menlo Park, New Urbanism, post-industrial society, RAND corporation, the market place, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, urban renewal, Whole Earth Catalog
It spawned a flock of fledgling subcultural enterprises. TRIBAL TURNOVER Even as this happened, however, the movement began to die. The most passionate LSD advocates of yesterday began to admit that "acid was a bad scene" and various underground newspapers began warning followers against getting too involved with "tripsters." A mock funeral was held in San Francisco to "bury" the hippie subcult, and its favored locations, Haight-Ashbury and the East Village turned into tourist meccas as the original movement writhed and disintegrated, forming new and odder, but smaller and weaker subcults and minitribes. Then, as though to start the process all over again, yet another subcult, the "skinheads," surfaced. Skinheads had their own characteristic outfits—suspenders, boots, short haircuts—and an unsettling predilection for violence.
In-N-Out Burger by Stacy Perman
It began in 1965 as a congregation of about twenty-five parishioners who met in a mobile home after its founder, Pastor Chuck Smith, broke away from the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel in Santa Ana. Smith was a leading figure in the grassroots “Jesus Movement.” Known to some as the “Jesus Freaks,” members belonged to a religious revival born out of the hippie counterculture of the late 1960s. The movement got its start in a storefront in San Francisco’s Haight-Ashbury district called the “Living Room” and spread quickly. Down in Orange County, Smith’s early outreach to hippies spurred thousands to flock to his church. As it turned out, the Jesus Movement became a spawning ground for what was to become another Christian phenomenon: the evangelical mega-church. By the time that Rich became involved, the Calvary Chapel had developed into a global ministry claiming thousands of conversions.
Who Owns the Future? by Jaron Lanier
3D printing, 4chan, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, augmented reality, automated trading system, barriers to entry, bitcoin, book scanning, Burning Man, call centre, carbon footprint, cloud computing, computer age, crowdsourcing, David Brooks, David Graeber, delayed gratification, digital Maoism, en.wikipedia.org, facts on the ground, Filter Bubble, financial deregulation, Fractional reserve banking, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, George Akerlof, global supply chain, global village, Haight Ashbury, hive mind, if you build it, they will come, income inequality, informal economy, invisible hand, Jacquard loom, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, Kevin Kelly, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, Kodak vs Instagram, life extension, Long Term Capital Management, Mark Zuckerberg, meta analysis, meta-analysis, moral hazard, mutually assured destruction, Network effects, new economy, Norbert Wiener, obamacare, packet switching, Peter Thiel, place-making, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, post-oil, pre–internet, race to the bottom, Ray Kurzweil, rent-seeking, reversible computing, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, smart meter, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, The Market for Lemons, Thomas Malthus, too big to fail, trickle-down economics, Turing test, Vannevar Bush, WikiLeaks
“Social networks” like Facebook were brought into existence in part to recapture those kinds of connections that were jettisoned when they need not have been, when the Web was born. Why Isn’t Ted Better Known? Xanadu wasn’t merely a technical project; it was a social experiment of its time. The most hip thing in the Bay Area from the 1960s to sometime in the 1980s was to form a commune or even a cult. I remember one, for instance, in San Francisco’s Haight-Ashbury neighborhood, where hippie culture hatched, that fashioned itself the “Free Print Shop.” They’d print lovely posters for “movement” events in the spectral, inebriated, neo-Victorian visual style of the time. (How bizarre it was to hear someone recommended as being “part of the movement.” This honorary title meant nothing beyond aesthetic sympathy, but there was infantile gravity in the intonation of the word movement, as though our conspiracies were consequential.
Rise of the Machines: A Cybernetic History by Thomas Rid
1960s counterculture, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, Alistair Cooke, Apple II, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, back-to-the-land, Berlin Wall, British Empire, Brownian motion, Buckminster Fuller, business intelligence, Claude Shannon: information theory, conceptual framework, connected car, domain-specific language, Douglas Engelbart, dumpster diving, Extropian, full employment, game design, global village, Haight Ashbury, Howard Rheingold, Jaron Lanier, job automation, John von Neumann, Kevin Kelly, Marshall McLuhan, Menlo Park, Mother of all demos, new economy, New Journalism, Norbert Wiener, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, pattern recognition, RAND corporation, Silicon Valley, Simon Singh, speech recognition, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, technoutopianism, Telecommunications Act of 1996, telepresence, V2 rocket, Vernor Vinge, Whole Earth Catalog, Whole Earth Review, Y2K, Yom Kippur War, Zimmermann PGP
At academic crypto conferences, rumors were making the rounds that the NSA had already raided the New York Public Library and reclassified documents that used to be public, and that in 1983 they had already removed Friedman’s personal correspondence from public access. An early court case seemed to affirm the government’s right to snatch any given document. “If they could do a black-bag job on everyone who had it,” Gilmore recalled in a café in Haight-Ashbury, “then they could classify anything.”48 By now the anarchists were beginning to understand what the NSA feared. The c-punks had seen that the spooks at Fort Meade could tweak the law and play politics. But the activists also knew the secret agency hated publicity. So Gilmore started calling some of the technology reporters he knew through the cypherpunks list. One of the best-known journalists in San Francisco at the time was John Markoff, from the New York Times.
anti-communist, Berlin Wall, British Empire, cuban missile crisis, Deng Xiaoping, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Donald Trump, F. W. de Klerk, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Haight Ashbury, kremlinology, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Saturday Night Live, Sinatra Doctrine, War on Poverty, Yogi Berra
—what was said boldly in local speeches, town hall meetings, and intellectual salons counted more than anything said behind the closed doors of foreign ministries, or even grand palaces. Reagan’s new style of diplomacy was adopted and expanded years later, especially by Hillary Clinton as secretary of state. HAVING SEEN THE TRANSFORMING effect of Gorbachev’s foray on Connecticut Avenue, the Reagans set out on their first afternoon in Moscow for Arbat Street. Arbat was quickly becoming the Haight-Ashbury of Moscow, where artists and entrepreneurs converged to strum their guitars and peddle their wares. The centuries-old street was getting filled with souvenir stalls, cafes, boutiques, and modish restaurants, including Moscow’s own Hard Rock Café. Although the tony Arbat was the pedestrian embodiment of glasnost, it still resided in a Communist land. Soon into their stroll, the president and first lady were mobbed by a friendly crowd.
The Snowball: Warren Buffett and the Business of Life by Alice Schroeder
affirmative action, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, barriers to entry, Bonfire of the Vanities, Brownian motion, capital asset pricing model, card file, centralized clearinghouse, collateralized debt obligation, corporate governance, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, desegregation, Donald Trump, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, global village, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute cuisine, Honoré de Balzac, If something cannot go on forever, it will stop, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, index fund, indoor plumbing, interest rate swap, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, joint-stock company, joint-stock limited liability company, Long Term Capital Management, Louis Bachelier, margin call, market bubble, Marshall McLuhan, medical malpractice, merger arbitrage, Mikhail Gorbachev, moral hazard, NetJets, new economy, New Journalism, North Sea oil, paper trading, passive investing, pets.com, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, Ralph Nader, random walk, Ronald Reagan, Scientific racism, shareholder value, short selling, side project, Silicon Valley, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, supply-chain management, telemarketer, The Predators' Ball, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, too big to fail, transcontinental railway, Upton Sinclair, War on Poverty, Works Progress Administration, Y2K, zero-coupon bond
Susie often took Billy to watch Calvin Keys, a local jazz guitar player—so that Billy could learn technique from him, but also to try to straighten Billy out.3 She faced a daunting task in an era when the drug culture of pot and LSD was ubiquitous and Timothy Leary invited America to “Turn on, tune in, drop out.” The youth-led counterculture was rebelling against all forms of authority, everything for which the prior decades had stood. “This ain’t Eisenhower’s America no more,” said one of the hundred thousand hippies milling about San Francisco’s Haight-Ashbury that summer, as if that were explanation enough.4 Warren still lived in Eisenhower’s America. He had never suffered from Beatlemania. He wasn’t singing “Kumbaya” or putting up posters saying that war was unhealthy for children and other living things. His state of consciousness remained unaltered. His mind was deep in rigorous philosophical inquiry, torn between the cigar-butt philosophy of Ben Graham and the “great businesses” of Phil Fisher and Charlie Munger.
Including Buffett’s stock in Data Documents, a separate investment, the Buffetts’ net worth was somewhere between $9.5 and $10 million. 2. Buffett’s description, in Patricia E. Bauer’s “The Convictions of a Long-Distance Investor,” Channels, November 1986, was, “One time we had a dog on the roof, and my son called to him and he jumped. It was so awful—the dog that loves you so much that he jumps off the roof…”—leaving the reader to wonder how the dog got on the roof. 3. Interview with Hallie Smith. 4. “Haight-Ashbury: The Birth of Hip,” CBC Television, March 24, 1968. 5. In 1967, over 2.5 billion shares traded, topping the previous 1966 record by one third. Thomas Mullaney, “Week in Finance: Washington Bullish,” New York Times, December 31, 1967. 6. But insurers looked undervalued and he thought they would get taken over. He bought Home Insurance and Employers Group Associates. 7. Sun Valley Conference, 2001. 8.
The Ancestor's Tale: A Pilgrimage to the Dawn of Evolution by Richard Dawkins
agricultural Revolution, Alfred Russel Wallace, complexity theory, delayed gratification, double helix, Drosophila, Haight Ashbury, invention of writing, Louis Pasteur, nuclear winter, out of africa, Peter Singer: altruism, phenotype, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, Spread Networks laid a new fibre optics cable between New York and Chicago, Steven Pinker, the High Line, urban sprawl
He speculates that this is in preparation for sexually mediated food-sharing. Female bonobos pair off to practise so-called GG (genital-genital) rubbing. One female facing another clings with arms and legs to a partner that, standing on both hands and feet, lifts her off the ground. The two females then rub their genital swellings laterally together, emitting grins and squeals that probably reflect orgasmic experiences. The 'Haight-Ashbury' image of free-loving bonobos has led to a piece of wishful thinking among nice people, who perhaps came of age in the 1960s -- or maybe they are of the 'medieval bestiary' school of thought, in which animals exist only to point moral lessons to us. The wishful thinking is that we are more closely related to bonobos than to common chimpanzees. The Margaret Mead in us feels closer to this gentle role-model than to the patriarchal, monkey-butchering chimpanzee.
Frommer's Los Angeles 2010 by Matthew Richard Poole
AltaVista, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, Donald Trump, El Camino Real, Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Bilbao, Haight Ashbury, Maui Hawaii, Saturday Night Live, sustainable-tourism, upwardly mobile
Hence the whimsical name. You pay a little extra for the pristine condition of hard-to-find garments like unusual embroidered sweaters from the 1940s and 1950s, Joan Crawford–style suits from the 1940s, and vintage lingerie, but it ’s worth every penny. 136 S. La Br ea Ave., Los Angeles. & 323/931-1339. Hollywood Wasteland An enormous steel-sculpted facade fr onts this L.A. branch of the B erkeley/Haight-Ashbury hipster hangout, which sells vintage and contemporar y clothes for men and women. You’ll find leathers and denim as well as some classic vintage but mostly funky 1970s garb . This trendy store is packed with color ful polyester halters and bellbottoms from the decade I’d rather forget. 7248 Melrose Ave., Los Angeles. & 323/653-3028. www.thewasteland.com. 9 S H O P P I N G A TO Z Los Angeles Fashion District Reminiscent of the New York garment district, but not quite as frenetic, L.A.’s 90-block Fashion District, bordered by 7th, Spring, and San Pedro streets and the S anta Monica Freeway, has doz ens of small shops selling designer and name-brand apparel at heavily discounted prices.
Empire by Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri
Berlin Wall, Bretton Woods, collective bargaining, colonial rule, conceptual framework, discovery of the americas, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, equal pay for equal work, European colonialism, Fall of the Berlin Wall, feminist movement, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, global village, Haight Ashbury, informal economy, invention of the printing press, invisible hand, labour mobility, late capitalism, low skilled workers, means of production, Monroe Doctrine, New Urbanism, open borders, Peace of Westphalia, post-industrial society, postindustrial economy, Scramble for Africa, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, union organizing, urban planning, William of Occam
From the standpoint of the traditional ‘‘political’’ segments of the U.S. movements of the 1960s, the various forms of cultural experimentation that blossomed with a vengeance during that period all appeared as a kind of distraction from the ‘‘real’’ political and economic struggles, but what they failed to see was that the ‘‘merely cultural’’ experimentation had very profound political and economic effects. ‘‘Dropping out’’ was really a poor conception of what was going on in Haight-Ashbury and across the United States in the 1960s. The two essential operations were the refusal of the disciplinary regime and the experimentation with new forms of productivity. The refusal appeared in a wide variety of guises and proliferated in thousands of daily practices. It was the college student who experimented with LSD instead of looking for a job; it was the young woman who refused to get married and make a family; it was the ‘‘shiftless’’ African-American worker who moved on ‘‘CP’’ (colored people’s) time, refusing work in every way possible.23 The youth who refused the deadening repetition of the factory-society invented new forms of mobility and ﬂexibility, new styles of living.
Drink: A Cultural History of Alcohol by Iain Gately
barriers to entry, British Empire, California gold rush, delayed gratification, Deng Xiaoping, Edward Lloyd's coffeehouse, Fellow of the Royal Society, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, Haight Ashbury, Hernando de Soto, imperial preference, invisible hand, joint-stock company, Louis Pasteur, megacity, music of the spheres, Peace of Westphalia, refrigerator car, Ronald Reagan, South Sea Bubble, spice trade, strikebreaker, the scientific method, Tim Cook: Apple, trade route, traveling salesman, Upton Sinclair, V2 rocket, working poor
Marijuana, it is implied, stimulates the brain in places that alcohol seldom reaches. 68 Easy Rider also features an acid trip. LSD was no longer just a drug for schizophrenics and chronic alcoholics—it had been adopted by hippies as the key to the doors of perception. The headquarters of recreational tripping was San Francisco, the western capital of the Beat empire. Its epicenter, where the hippies gathered, was Haight-Ashbury. Their curious dress and strange behavior drew a host of journalists, including Hunter S. Thompson, who noted their indifference to alcohol: “There are no hippy bars, for instance, and only one restaurant above the level of a diner or lunch counter. This is a reflection of the drug culture, which has no use for booze and regards food as a necessity to be acquired at the least possible expense.”
NeuroTribes: The Legacy of Autism and the Future of Neurodiversity by Steve Silberman
Albert Einstein, Asperger Syndrome, crowdsourcing, en.wikipedia.org, epigenetics, experimental subject, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, hypertext link, IBM and the Holocaust, index card, Isaac Newton, megacity, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Mother of all demos, neurotypical, New Journalism, pattern recognition, placebo effect, scientific mainstream, side project, Silicon Valley, Simon Singh, Skype, slashdot, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, the scientific method, union organizing, Whole Earth Catalog, women in the workforce, Yom Kippur War
Felsenstein was also fascinated by social critic Ivan Illich’s notion of promoting the use of tools that would facilitate “conviviality”—one of many aspects of social interaction that Felsenstein had always found difficult and confusing. With two fellow programmers named Efrem Lipkin and Mark Szpakowski, he began exploring ways of augmenting the community switchboards that had sprung up in subcultural hot spots like Berkeley and the Haight-Ashbury in San Francisco. The biggest practical obstacle to this noble undertaking was finding an affordable computer that was sufficiently powerful to do the job. That problem was solved when a programmer at a bustling commune in San Francisco called Project One wangled the long-term lease of an SDS 940 (retail cost: $300,000) from the Transamerica Corporation. This mighty machine—which was twenty-four feet long and required a fleet of air conditioners to stay cool—already had a storied history.
The World of Caffeine: The Science and Culture of the World's Most Popular Drug by Bennett Alan Weinberg, Bonnie K. Bealer
British Empire, clean water, easy for humans, difficult for computers, Edmond Halley, Edward Lloyd's coffeehouse, Haight Ashbury, Honoré de Balzac, Isaac Newton, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Lao Tzu, placebo effect, spice trade, trade route, traveling salesman
When speaking of drugs, of those expressing a preference, the largest number, 27 percent, cited exercise [sic], and the next largest, 25 percent, cited caffeine as their drug of choice.5 Why should caffeine have topped the long list of recreational drugs once popular with this group? For those of the “flower power” generation, now at the height of maturity, whose tastes were jaded by enveloping euphorics and timber-rattling stimulants, common caffeine has reemerged as the drug of choice. No doubt it was forgotten in the wild drug party that started in Haight-Ashbury in the mid- 1960s and eventually made its way around the world and back. To those who binged on methamphetamine, cocaine, heroin, LSD, Quaaludes, or any of a long list of agents used for excitement in the wake of Timothy Leary and acid rock, caffeine did not even rise to the level of notice as a psychoactive substance. After all, it was not only legal and a fixture of the straight, business-driven world, but even the most timid grandmother would take it in her tea.
Atlas Obscura: An Explorer's Guide to the World's Hidden Wonders by Joshua Foer, Dylan Thuras, Ella Morton
anti-communist, Berlin Wall, British Empire, Buckminster Fuller, centre right, colonial rule, Colonization of Mars, cosmic microwave background, cuban missile crisis, dark matter, double helix, East Village, Exxon Valdez, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Frank Gehry, germ theory of disease, Golden Gate Park, Google Earth, Haight Ashbury, horn antenna, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, index card, Jacques de Vaucanson, Kowloon Walled City, Louis Pasteur, Mahatma Gandhi, mutually assured destruction, phenotype, Pluto: dwarf planet, Ronald Reagan, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, transcontinental railway, Tunguska event, urban sprawl, Vesna Vulović, wikimedia commons, working poor
Musée Mécanique Fisherman’s Wharf · Save up your quarters for the world’s largest privately owned collection of coin-operated arcade machines. California Academy of Sciences Herpetology Department Golden Gate Park · The academy’s 300,000-strong collection of jarred reptile specimens was amassed over 160 years. Viewing is by appointment only. Drawn Stone Golden Gate Park · A huge crack in the ground outside the de Young Museum was put there on purpose by the wry English artist Andy Goldsworthy. Buena Vista Park Tombstones Haight-Ashbury · Broken Gold Rush–era gravestones line the gutters of this park’s paths. Secret Tiled Staircase Inner Sunset · The 163 colorful steps in this staircase form a vibrant mosaic that leads you to a smashing view of the city. Sutro Egyptian Collection Lakeshore · The antiquities housed here include two intact mummies, three mummified heads, and a mummified hand. San Francisco Columbarium Lone Mountain · This beautifully restored neoclassical atrium offers thousands of alcoves for burial urns.