24 results back to index
No Such Thing as Society by Andy McSmith
anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Bob Geldof, British Empire, Brixton riot, call centre, cuban missile crisis, Etonian, F. W. de Klerk, Farzad Bazoft, feminist movement, fixed income, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, full employment, glass ceiling, God and Mammon, greed is good, illegal immigration, index card, John Bercow, liberal capitalism, light touch regulation, Live Aid, loadsamoney, long peace, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, mortgage debt, mutually assured destruction, negative equity, Neil Kinnock, North Sea oil, Northern Rock, old-boy network, popular capitalism, Right to Buy, Ronald Reagan, Rubik’s Cube, Sloane Ranger, South Sea Bubble, spread of share-ownership, strikebreaker, The Chicago School, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban decay, Winter of Discontent, young professional
Barrie Clement and Ian Herbert, ‘Still Fighting, 20 Years On’, Independent, 5 March 2004. CHAPTER 9 1. Bob Geldof (with Paul Vallely), Is That It?, Guild Publishing, 1986, pp. 213–4, 215. 2. BBC News, 15 November 1984. 3. This information comes from an unpublished memorandum presented to a ministerial meeting held at the Foreign Office, 28 October 1984, now in the Cabinet Office archives. 4. Note by Charles Powell, private secretary to the prime minister, 29 October 1984; Cabinet Office archives. 5. Bob Geldof, Is That It?, p. 10. 6. Midge Ure, If I Was . . ., the Autobiography, Virgin, 2004, p. 132. 7. Boy George with Spencer Bright, Take It Like a Man: the Autobiography of Boy George, Pan, 1995, pp. 303–4. 8. Martin Kemp, True – The Autobiography of Martin Kemp, Orion, London, 2000, pp. 113–4. 9. Midge Ure, If I Was . . ., p. 145. 10. Bob Geldof, Is That It?, p. 218. 11.
Thatcher was invited to give a video address to the Live Aid concert, but decided not to, though she wrote a supporting letter. When she met Bob Geldof at an awards ceremony a few days later, Thatcher told him: ‘We all, you know, have our own charities.’30 It says something for Thatcher that she never felt the need to be seen with rock stars or other celebrities, but a less appealing side to her was her utter indifference to world poverty. Under other prime ministers, international development was the responsibility of a government department headed by a cabinet minister, but not under Thatcher. Her lengthy memoirs have nothing to say on Africa, Third World aid, Live Aid or Bob Geldof, subjects that just did not interest her. CHAPTER 10 LOADSAMONEY The act that defined the second half of the 1980s was Harry Enfield’s routine, performed on Channel 4’s Friday Night Live in 1988, as an anonymous plasterer boasting about his money.
British history did not end during the 1980s, but it did slow down, because the events of that turbulent decade had settled the way that Britons would be ruled and the way they thought about the world for at least the next quarter of a century. NOTES INTRODUCTION 1. According to Frank Field, Labour MP for Birkenhead, a visitor to a Merseyside Jobcentre would see ‘jobs advertised at £1.20 an hour, £1 an hour, £57.25 a week’, while the best paid ones would offer ‘princely sums of £70 and £91 a week’. Hansard, 17 July 1985, col. 330. 2. People, 14 July 1985. 3. Bob Geldof, with Paul Vallely, Is That It?, Macmillan, 1986, p. 301. 4. Brenda Polan, Guardian, 3 October 1985. 5. Bob Geldof, Is That It?, p. 300. 6. David Pallister, ‘The arms deal they called the dove: how Britain grasped the biggest prize’, Guardian, 15 December 2006. 7. Financial Times, 17 November 1986. 8. By far the best primary source for any words attributed to Margaret Thatcher is the comprehensive archive held at Churchill College, Cambridge, almost all of which is available on the website of the Margaret Thatcher Foundation.
affirmative action, Asian financial crisis, Bob Geldof, Bretton Woods, colonial rule, correlation does not imply causation, credit crunch, diversification, diversified portfolio, en.wikipedia.org, European colonialism, failed state, financial innovation, financial intermediation, Hernando de Soto, income inequality, information asymmetry, invisible hand, Live Aid, M-Pesa, market fundamentalism, Mexican peso crisis / tequila crisis, microcredit, moral hazard, Ponzi scheme, rent-seeking, Ronald Reagan, sovereign wealth fund, The Chicago School, trade liberalization, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, Washington Consensus, Yom Kippur War
Contents Foreword by Niall Ferguson Preface Introduction PART I The World of Aid 1 The Myth of Aid 2 A Brief History of Aid 3 Aid Is Not Working 4 The Silent Killer of Growth PART II A World without Aid The Republic of Dongo 5 A Radical Rethink of the Aid-Dependency Model 6 A Capital Solution 7 The Chinese Are Our Friends 8 Let’s Trade 9 Banking on the Unbankable Dongo Revisited 10 Making Development Happen Notes Bibliography Acknowledgements Index Foreword by Niall Ferguson It has long seemed to me problematic, and even a little embarrassing, that so much of the public debate about Africa’s economic problems should be conducted by non-African white men. From the economists (Paul Collier, William Easterly, Jeffrey Sachs) to the rock stars (Bono, Bob Geldof), the African discussion has been colonized as surely as the African continent was a century ago. The simple fact that Dead Aid is the work of an African black woman is the least of the reasons why you should read it. But it is a good reason nonetheless. Born and educated in Zambia, Dambisa Moyo also brings to her subject a rare combination of academic expertise and ‘real world’ experience. Her training in economics took her from the World Bank to Harvard and on to Oxford, where she obtained her doctorate.
The pop culture of aid has bolstered these misconceptions. Aid has become part of the entertainment industry. Media figures, film stars, rock legends eagerly embrace aid, proselytize the need for it, upbraid us for not giving enough, scold governments for not doing enough – and governments respond in kind, fearful of losing popularity and desperate to win favour. Bono attends world summits on aid. Bob Geldof is, to use Tony Blair’s own words, ‘one of the people that I admire most’. Aid has become a cultural commodity. Millions march for it. Governments are judged by it. But has more than US$1 trillion in development assistance over the last several decades made African people better off? No. In fact, across the globe the recipients of this aid are worse off; much worse off. Aid has helped make the poor poorer, and growth slower.
Soon everyone would join in. The foreign aid agenda of the 2000s: the rise of glamour aid In 2000, Africa became the focus of orchestrated world-wide pity, and not for the first time. The Nigerian humanitarian catastrophe of Biafra in 1971 (the same year as the Beatle George Harrison’s Concert for Bangladesh) had demanded that the world respond to human catastrophe. Consciousness was raised several notches with Bob Geldof’s 13 July 1985 Live Aid Concert where, with 1.5 billion people watching, public discourse became a public disco. Live Aid had not only been triumphant in bringing Africa’s plight to the wider public; it also trumpeted an era of morality. In the run-up to the new millennium, crusades like the Jubilee Debt Campaign capitalized on people’s desperate desire to be a part of something that would give aid and development policy another dimension.
I Want My MTV by Craig Marks
Bernie Sanders, Bob Geldof, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable, crack epidemic, crowdsourcing, haute couture, Live Aid, pre–internet, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, sensible shoes, Skype, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, upwardly mobile
I did that deal. About six weeks before the broadcast, Gale Sparrow and I left to form a new company. CURT SMITH: We’d been touring for a year, really hard work. We had five days off and planned a holiday in Hawaii. Then Bob Geldof announced that we were playing Live Aid. He never asked us. Geldof thought he was so powerful that if he announced it, we’d have to say yes, or we’d look like bad people. I was pissed off. Whether we played or not wasn’t going to make a difference to the amount of money raised. So we went on holiday, because that was the only break we had. BOB GELDOF: I didn’t lie or blackmail very much. I had to announce the gig, and I realized that talking on the phone to a band was one thing, but unless their names were in the paper, they weren’t going to commit. Once it was in the paper, they couldn’t back out.
And they’re thinking, Shit, what are we doing that for? But their free programming was selling a zillion records. After the mid-’80s, MTV knew they had the power. That’s when the record companies said, “Please play our record!” instead of “Why should we give you our record?” Chapter 20 “DON’T BE A WANKER ALL YOUR LIFE” “DO THEY KNOW IT’S CHRISTMAS?,” “WE ARE THE WORLD,” AND LIVE AID BOB GELDOF LEARNED ABOUT THE DISASTROUS famine in Ethiopia while watching TV, and he resolved to raise money to feed starving Africans. Geldof was not a music star—his band, the Boomtown Rats, is remembered mostly for the crazy-assassin ballad “I Don’t Like Mondays”—but he knew England was full of pop phenoms, and he gathered them to record a song he cowrote, “Do They Know It’s Christmas?” The success and attention led to “We Are the World,” an American all-star answer record to “Do They Know It’s Christmas?”
“The MTV video jockeys should hide their heads,” USA Today wrote. Live Aid raised close to $300 million, and Geldof was knighted, but the countdown began on the MTV careers of Martha Quinn, Nina Blackwood, Alan Hunter, Mark Goodman, and J.J. Jackson. NIGEL DICK: At Phonogram, I’d made two videos for the Boomtown Rats, when their career was on the way out and the band had no money. One day my boss, Tony Powell, said, “Bob Geldof’s gonna make this charity record over the weekend. You need to shoot a video and figure out how to do it for free. And it needs to be ready by Monday evening.” I had five days to plan, shoot, edit, and complete a video for a song which had yet to be recorded. Which actually had yet to be written. When I showed up on Sunday morning to begin filming “Do They Know It’s Christmas?” nobody was there apart from Geldof and Trevor Horn, the producer.
Brit-Myth: Who Do the British Think They Are? by Chris Rojek
Bob Geldof, British Empire, business climate, colonial rule, deindustrialization, demand response, full employment, Gordon Gekko, Isaac Newton, Khartoum Gordon, Live Aid, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, means of production, post-industrial society, Red Clydeside, sceptred isle, Stephen Hawking, the market place, urban planning, Winter of Discontent
William Wallace, the Scottish patriot who sought to eject the English from Scotland, is 48th. Freddie Mercury, the camp lead singer of Queen, whose whole life might be interpreted as a rejection of narrow, British masculine conventions, occupies 58th place. James Connolly, one of the Irish revolutionaries who led the 1916 Easter uprising, is 64th. The occultist and drug addict Aleister Crowley is 73rd. Bob Geldof, the pop singer who gained world fame by organizing Live Aid, is 75th. John Lydon (‘Johnny Rotten’), the lead singer of the Sex Pistols, is 87th – one place ahead of Montgomery of Alamein. Bono, the lead singer of u2 and activist for world peace, is number 86. Marie Stopes, the campaigner for women’s rights who was vilified in her day for advocating birth control, is 100th. The late Marxist historian, Christopher Hill, entitled his study of John Bunyan A Turbulent, Seditious and Factious People (1988).
Gates was a pin-up for thousands of teenage girls, but many thought his success was a triumph of spin over talent, and in 2006 his record label Sony bmg chose not to renew his recording contract. Geri Halliwell is a successful, although declining, singer and former Spice Girl. She has also been a un Ambassador of Goodwill. Her position at number nine in the poll perhaps reflects distaste among some sectors of the public at her shrill, girl-next-door ponderings about global issues. Some performers, such as Bob Geldof, can switch from the stage of popular music to politics and retain credibility, but Halliwell seemed less relevant in the political sphere, and her involvement was widely perceived as forced and awkward. Alex Ferguson, the outspoken manager of Manchester United, has probably attracted as many votes from fans of United’s rival teams as for his somewhat ‘traditional’ views about football and man-management.
Me! Me! Me! by Daniel Ruiz Tizon
Just a month later, following on from ‘Wear Purple Friday’ and ‘Bake a Cake Friday’, but just before ‘Do Something Nice Friday’, there was another World Food Day. My suspicions were confirmed. It was not official. This was coming from within. How could you have two World Food Days in the space of a couple of months, I asked my manager. It would be like Live Aid staging another Live Aid before 1985 was even out. At least Bob Geldof had the decency to wait 20 years before inflicting Chris Martin and Live 8 on the world. Having a second World Food Day so soon after the first devalued the original day, which, as my manager reminded me, I’d excused myself from in addition to refusing to turn out for the office’s mixed sex soft ball team. This spate of World Food Days told me everything I needed to know about the type of people I was working with.
They remember too the family that lived there. In fact, they went to school with one of their kids. Their job doesn’t cover the rent they’re paying just to keep a roof over their head. They’re still going to be on that bus every morning, half-asleep and hungry. Next month they’re up in court for trying to pass themselves off as a Syrian who’d fled their homeland just so they could grab a couple of months free boarding at Bob Geldof’s swanky Chelsea pad after the former Boomtown Rats singer made the very public offer. They just wanted some respite from their life. That’s all. Go on. Turn that TV down a notch or two. Be a good neighbour. Old man with too young for him coat It’s the first of November. I have brought my winter coat out this morning to the café. I never wear my winter coat before November. Wear it any earlier and when the cold really kicks in, you’ll feel little benefit.
Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Bob Geldof, cognitive dissonance, Downton Abbey, gender pay gap, glass ceiling, income inequality, light touch regulation, precariat, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, unpaid internship, upwardly mobile, We are the 99%, zero-sum game
The younger Moss was one of the ‘Sads’, or Sons and Daughters – as the maverick journalist Julie Burchill labelled them – the children of privilege who, as if by magic, had snapped up the same cushy jobs as their older relatives. It would be unfair to single out the Moss clan. In recent years, plenty of other Sads have appeared on Britain’s collective radar. There was Rafferty Law, the son of Jude Law and Sadie Frost (modelling contract); Romeo Beckham, the son of David and Victoria (2013 face of designer brand Burberry); Brooklyn Beckham (stint as a photographer for Burberry); Pixie Geldof, daughter of Bob Geldof and Paula Yates (model, singer and socialite); not to mention Pippa Middleton, the younger sister of the Duchess of Cambridge (columnist and author). Flick through any newspaper or glossy magazine in Britain today and the chances are the children of privilege will be staring straight back at you. It may be the precocious relatives of actors, models and musicians – children like Lottie Moss and Romeo Beckham.
airport security, anti-communist, Asian financial crisis, bank run, banking crisis, Bob Geldof, Bretton Woods, British Empire, call centre, clean water, colonial exploitation, colonial rule, Edward Glaeser, end world poverty, European colonialism, failed state, farmers can use mobile phones to check market prices, George Akerlof, Gunnar Myrdal, Hernando de Soto, income inequality, income per capita, Indoor air pollution, invisible hand, Kenneth Rogoff, laissez-faire capitalism, land reform, land tenure, Live Aid, microcredit, moral hazard, Naomi Klein, publication bias, purchasing power parity, randomized controlled trial, Ronald Reagan, Scramble for Africa, structural adjustment programs, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transaction costs, War on Poverty, Xiaogang Anhui farmers
At Davos in January 2005, British prime minister Tony Blair called for “a big, big push forward” in Africa to reach the Millennium Development Goals, financed by an increase in foreign aid.14 Blair commissioned a “Report for Africa,” which released its findings in March 2005, likewise calling for a “big push.” Gordon Brown and Tony Blair put the cause of ending poverty in Africa at the top of the agenda of the G8 Summit in Scotland in July 2005. Bob Geldof assembled well-known bands for “Live 8” concerts on July 2, 2005, to lobby the G8 leaders to “Make Poverty History” in Africa. Veterans of the 1985 Live Aid concert, such as Elton John and Madonna, performed, as did a younger generation’s bands, such as Coldplay. Hundreds of thousands marched on the G8 Summit for the cause. Live 8’s appeals for helping the poor and its dramatizations of their sufferings were moving, and it is great that rock stars donate their time for the needy and desperate.
The big problem with foreign aid and other Western efforts to transform the Rest is that the people paying the bills are rich people who have very little knowledge of poor people. The rich people demand big actions to solve big problems, which is understandable and compassionate. The Big Plans at the top keep the rich people happy that “something is being done” about such a tragic problem as world poverty. In June 2005, the New York Times ran an editorial advocating a Big Plan for Africa titled “Just Do Something.” Live 8 concert organizer Bob Geldof said, “Something must be done; anything must be done, whether it works or not.21 Something, anything, any Big Plan would take the pressure off the rich to address the critical needs of the poor. Alas, if ineffective big plans take the pressure off the rich to help the poor, there’s the second tragedy, because then the effective piecemeal actions will not happen. The prevalence of ineffective plans is the result of Western assistance happening out of view of the Western public.
The Talent Code: Greatest Isn't Born, It's Grown, Here's How by Daniel Coyle
*3 For the sake of updating Eisenstadt, here's a partial list of show business stars who lost a parent before the age of eighteen: Comedy: Steve Allen (1, father), Tim Allen (11, father), Lucille Ball (3, father), Mel Brooks (2, father), Drew Carey (8, father), Charlie Chaplin (12, father), Stephen Colbert (10, father), Billy Crystal (15, father), Eric Idle (6, father), Eddie Izzard (6, father), Bernie Mac (16, mother), Eddie Murphy (8, father), Rosie O'Donnell (11, mother), Molly Shannon (4, mother), Martin Short (17, mother), Red Skelton (infant, father), Tom and Dick Smothers (7 and 8, father), Tracey Ullman (6, father), Fred Willard (11, father). Music: Louis Armstrong, Tony Bennett, 50 Cent, Aretha Franklin, Bob Geldof, Robert Goulet, Isaac Hayes, Jimi Hendrix, Madonna, Charlie Parker. The ignition effect seems to be present in the Beatles (Paul McCartney, 14, mother, and John Lennon, 17, mother) and U2 (Bono, 14, mother, and Larry Mullen, 15, mother). Movies: Cate Blanchett, Orlando Bloom, Mia Farrow, Jane Fonda, Daniel Day-Lewis, Sir Ian McKellen, Robert Redford, Julia Roberts, Martin Sheen, Barbra Streisand, Charlize Theron, Billy Bob Thornton, Benicio del Toro, James Woods.
air freight, Asian financial crisis, Bob Geldof, British Empire, Doha Development Round, failed state, falling living standards, income inequality, mass immigration, out of africa, rent-seeking, Ronald Reagan, structural adjustment programs, trade liberalization, zero-sum game
Pressure works, but it needs to be organized. This is the domain of the NGOs and the rock stars. Again, I have been astonished by the response. World Vision, the largest of the development NGOs, invited me to address their board and we are now working together. Christian Aid will be represented on the advisory board of my research center: they tell me that they have changed staffing on trade policy. Bono and Bob Geldof have both been vigorous and passionate ambassadors for the policy proposals. TED and SKOLL, the two extraordinary conferences for social action, both invited me to speak—you can view the speech on the Internet. So I am hopeful that with new leaders in the international community, a more informed citizenry, and the opportunity provided by the commodity booms, the future of the bottom billion will be better than the past.
Is It Just Me? by Miranda Hart
After a chorus or two, the others became distracted and piped down. You, unaware of this, ploughed on through the chorus, revealing to the assembled crowd that you’d been singing the lyrics as ‘feed the birds’ instead of ‘feed the world’. Yeah, maybe. That might have happened. It did happen. And it happened, I think, because you’d got the song muddled up with ‘Feed the Birds’ from Mary Poppins. I mean, think about it: why on earth would Bob Geldof have been getting so het-up about feeding the birds? What birds would he have been talking about? He’s staging a massive campaign, Band Aid, for starving birds? What birds? You should be ashamed of yourself. All right, fine. Why are you reminding me of all this? It’s for your own good. I want you to know and accept a certain fact about yourself, Little Miranda. You will never, ever, be a music person.
How to Run the World: Charting a Course to the Next Renaissance by Parag Khanna
Albert Einstein, Asian financial crisis, back-to-the-land, bank run, blood diamonds, Bob Geldof, borderless world, BRICs, British Empire, call centre, carbon footprint, charter city, clean water, cleantech, cloud computing, commoditize, continuation of politics by other means, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, Deng Xiaoping, Doha Development Round, don't be evil, double entry bookkeeping, energy security, European colonialism, facts on the ground, failed state, friendly fire, global village, Google Earth, high net worth, index fund, informal economy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, labour mobility, laissez-faire capitalism, Live Aid, Masdar, mass immigration, megacity, microcredit, mutually assured destruction, Naomi Klein, New Urbanism, off grid, offshore financial centre, oil shock, open economy, out of africa, Parag Khanna, private military company, Productivity paradox, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, reserve currency, Silicon Valley, smart grid, South China Sea, sovereign wealth fund, special economic zone, sustainable-tourism, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, The Wisdom of Crowds, too big to fail, trade liberalization, trickle-down economics, UNCLOS, uranium enrichment, Washington Consensus, X Prize
He also never misses a chance to shame corporate executives, telling the Global Business Council for HIV/AIDS in 2004: “I’d like to talk about getting on the right side of history. If you thought this dinner was off the record, it’s not. History is taking notes right now. Frankly, history couldn’t care less what you or I say tonight. History only cares what we do when we leave, in the weeks, months, years even, that follow.”2 Corporate funding to combat AIDS has grown year after year. Bono’s sometimes partner in crime, British ex-rocker Bob Geldof, is known for a less subtle approach. At Live Aid in 1985, he simply screamed into the microphone, “Give us the fucking money!” As far as the people of destitute villages are concerned, it doesn’t matter if the person bringing freshwater, food, or vouchers is bug-eyed Bono or a stiff man in a suit—it’s what he delivers that matters. Even absent an “Actors Without Borders” organization, the celebrity-diplomat model has rapidly spread from West to East.
Admiral Zheng, Asian financial crisis, Berlin Wall, Bob Geldof, Bretton Woods, BRICs, British Empire, credit crunch, Dava Sobel, deindustrialization, Deng Xiaoping, deskilling, discovery of the americas, Doha Development Round, energy security, European colonialism, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, global reserve currency, global supply chain, illegal immigration, income per capita, invention of gunpowder, James Watt: steam engine, joint-stock company, Kenneth Rogoff, land reform, land tenure, Malacca Straits, Martin Wolf, Naomi Klein, new economy, New Urbanism, one-China policy, open economy, Pearl River Delta, pension reform, price stability, purchasing power parity, reserve currency, rising living standards, Ronald Reagan, Scramble for Africa, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, sovereign wealth fund, special drawing rights, special economic zone, spinning jenny, Spread Networks laid a new fibre optics cable between New York and Chicago, the scientific method, Thomas L Friedman, trade liberalization, urban planning, Washington Consensus, Westphalian system, Xiaogang Anhui farmers, zero-sum game
., Cultural Encounters on China’s Ethnic Frontiers (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1995) Hawksworth, John, and Gordon Cookson, ‘The World in 2050 - Beyond the BRICs: A Broader Look at Emerging Market Growth Prospects’, March 2008, posted on www.pwc.com, p. 3 Heisbourg, François, ‘Europe Must Be Realistic About Life After Bush’, Financial Times, 6 February 2008 Held, David, Democracy and the Global Order: From the Modern State to Cosmopolitan Governance (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1995) Hendry, Joy, ed., Interpreting Japanese Society: Anthropological Approaches (London: Routledge, 1986) Higashinakano, Shudo, The Nanking Massacre: Facts Versus Fiction, A Historian’s Quest for the Truth (Tokyo: Sekai Shuppan, Inc., 2005) Higgins, Charlotte, It’s All Greek to Me (London: Short Books, 2008) Hilsum, Lindsey, ‘China, Africa and the G8 - or Why Bob Geldof Needs to Wake Up’, in Leni Wild and David Mepham, eds, The New Sinosphere (London: Institute for Public Policy Research, 2006) Ho, P. Y., and F. P. Lisowski, A Brief History of Chinese Medicine and Its Influence (Singapore: World Scientific, 1998) Hobsbawn, Eric, The Age of Empire 1875- 1914 (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1987) ——Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century 1914- 1991 (London: Michael Joseph, 1994) ——‘America’s Neo-conservative World Supremacists Will Fail’, Guardian, 25 June 2005 ——Globalisation, Democracy, and Terrorism (London: Little, Brown, 2007) Howell, Jude, ed., Governance in China (Oxford: Roman and Littlefield, 2004) Hu Angang, ‘Five Major Scale Effects of China’s Rise’, unpublished seminar paper, East Asia Institute, National University of Singapore, 2005 ——‘Green Development: The Inevitable Choice for China, Parts One and Two’, posted on www.chinadialogue.net (accessed 2/6/08) Huang Ping, ‘“Beijing Consensus”, or “Chinese Experiences”, or What?’
French, ‘Chinese See a Continent Rich with Possibilities’, International Herald Tribune, 15 June 2007. 22 . Sautman and Yan, ‘Honour and Shame?’, p. 59. 23 . Alden, China in Africa, pp. 52-3. 24 . Ibid., pp. 52-3, 55, 84-5. 25 . Abah Ofon, ‘South-South Co-operation: Can Africa Thrive with Chinese Investment? ’, in Wild and Mepham, The New Sinosphere, p. 27. 26 . Lindsey Hilsum, ‘China, Africa and the G8 - or Why Bob Geldof Needs to Wake Up’, in Wild and Mepham, The New Sinosphere, pp. 6-7. 27 . Mark Curtis and Claire Hickson, ‘Arming and Alarming? Arms Exports, Peace and Security’, in Wild and Mepham, The New Sinosphere, p. 41. 28 . Alden, China in Africa, p. 26. 29 . Interview with Jeffrey Sachs, ‘Africa’s Long Road Out of Poverty’, International Herald Tribune, 11 April 2007. 30 . Marks, introduction in Manji and Marks, African Perspectives on China in Africa, p. 5. 31 .
airport security, Albert Einstein, Bob Geldof, BRICs, carbon footprint, clean water, cleantech, Climategate, commoditize, corporate social responsibility, creative destruction, decarbonisation, energy security, Exxon Valdez, failed state, fear of failure, income inequality, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Joseph Schumpeter, market fundamentalism, mass immigration, Naomi Klein, new economy, nuclear winter, oil shock, peak oil, Ponzi scheme, purchasing power parity, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, union organizing, University of East Anglia
We thought we could lift people out of poverty simply by increasing the amount of stuff and wealth in the whole system, without having to engage in the difficult question of redistribution of wealth—everyone could have more, so everyone could be happy! Of course, there has long been a significant social movement calling for us to take stronger action to eliminate poverty and realize our full potential as humanity. Joining millions of people around the world who campaign on such issues have been rock star activists like Bob Geldof and Bono, who have engaged the broad public with excellent campaigns like “Make Poverty History.” But fundamentally, the response has still been premised on economic growth, the idea that everyone could have more. The logic and morality of this call to end poverty have grown stronger as we have grown richer. Global economic growth has meant that there is now more than enough to go around. We produce more calories, for example, than are needed to sustain the world population.
Frommer's Irreverent Guide to Las Vegas by Mary Herczog, Jordan S. Simon
You can get married in the Cherub Chariot underneath a canopy of chubby angels and twinkling stars, enjoy a dignified wedding in a gazebo surrounded by fountains, or soar in a floral hot air balloon accommodating up to 14 guests ($500 and up), called “The Little Chapel in the Sky.” The most tranquil is Little Church of The West (tel 800/821-2452; 4617 Las Vegas Blvd. S.; www.littlechurchlv.com), open for business since 1942. Elvis Presley and Ann-Margret staged a happy ending here in Viva Las Vegas, and movie-mad Japanese have invaded in droves ever since. Real-life celebrity hitchings include Dudley Moore, Judy Garland, Bob Geldof, Zsa DIVERSIONS 122 Zsa Gabor, Cindy Crawford, and Mickey Rooney—who married all eight of his wives here, starting with Ava Gardner. (What were the others, especially number 8, thinking?) The faux-pine cabin has a certain rustic charm, with an adorable steeple and bell tower, delightful garden, and, inside, cedar-paneled tower, candelabras, and lace curtains. Graceland Wedding Chapel (tel 800/8245732; 619 Las Vegas Blvd.
The Verdict: Did Labour Change Britain? by Polly Toynbee, David Walker
banking crisis, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Bob Geldof, call centre, central bank independence, congestion charging, Corn Laws, Credit Default Swap, decarbonisation, deglobalization, deindustrialization, Etonian, failed state, first-past-the-post, Frank Gehry, gender pay gap, Gini coefficient, high net worth, hiring and firing, illegal immigration, income inequality, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), knowledge economy, labour market flexibility, market bubble, mass immigration, millennium bug, moral panic, North Sea oil, Northern Rock, offshore financial centre, pension reform, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, profit maximization, purchasing power parity, Right to Buy, shareholder value, Skype, smart meter, stem cell, The Spirit Level, too big to fail, University of East Anglia, working-age population, Y2K
At the Gleneagles summit in 2005 Blair had secured promises to increase aid, especially to Africa. Such countries as Ghana, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda, where the UK was a big donor, saw growth and less poverty. The UK was largely a bystander as Zimbabwe collapsed, pushing millions across the Limpopo into South Africa, whose ANC government refused to put pressure on its former comrade-in-arms, Robert Mugabe. Blair established an Africa Commission, Bob Geldof among its members, which underpinned declarations at the Gleneagles summit. But it had little effect in the horn of Africa, or the Sudan or the Ivory Coast, where war and dictatorship – and misaligned French and UK policies – thwarted development. Humanitarian disasters became more common; in 2001–2, with the Department for International Development providing £279 million in aid, the UK was the second largest donor of humanitarian aid for disasters.
Were You Born on the Wrong Continent? by Thomas Geoghegan
Albert Einstein, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, Bob Geldof, collective bargaining, corporate governance, cross-subsidies, dark matter, David Brooks, declining real wages, deindustrialization, ending welfare as we know it, facts on the ground, Gini coefficient, haute cuisine, income inequality, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, labour market flexibility, laissez-faire capitalism, low skilled workers, Martin Wolf, McJob, minimum wage unemployment, mittelstand, offshore financial centre, Paul Samuelson, payday loans, pensions crisis, Plutocrats, plutocrats, purchasing power parity, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Robert Gordon, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thorstein Veblen, union organizing, Wolfgang Streeck, women in the workforce
The strangest thing I saw this year is a video on YouTube, with a kind of hip-hop sound track, about a lot of German kids on strike. These were IG Metall–type apprentices, and they weren’t like the kids in the cafés. Instead they wore black-and-white car coats and were from obscure little German towns, but all of them were marching, at night, both boys and girls, striking against the big global companies for not delivering on jobs. At about the same time as the strike, IG Metall held a rock concert with Bob Geldof, which drew fifty thousand people, mostly kids. Here’s a shocking thing to a U.S. labor lawyer like me: in 2008, youth membership in IG Metall—kids under twenty-seven who voluntarily pay union dues—climbed yet again, this time by 6 percent. At last count, IG Metall had over two hundred thousand of these kids! As someone who ran for public office and found out why campaign staffs think it a waste of time even to bother with younger people, I wish I could get across how stunning a thing that is.
The Internet Is Not the Answer by Andrew Keen
3D printing, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, Airbnb, AltaVista, Andrew Keen, augmented reality, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, bitcoin, Black Swan, Bob Geldof, Burning Man, Cass Sunstein, citizen journalism, Clayton Christensen, clean water, cloud computing, collective bargaining, Colonization of Mars, computer age, connected car, creative destruction, cuban missile crisis, David Brooks, disintermediation, Donald Davies, Downton Abbey, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Filter Bubble, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Frank Gehry, Frederick Winslow Taylor, frictionless, full employment, future of work, gig economy, global village, Google bus, Google Glasses, Hacker Ethic, happiness index / gross national happiness, income inequality, index card, informal economy, information trail, Innovator's Dilemma, Internet of things, Isaac Newton, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, Joseph Schumpeter, Julian Assange, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, Kodak vs Instagram, Lean Startup, libertarian paternalism, lifelogging, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, Martin Wolf, Metcalfe’s law, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Nate Silver, Network effects, new economy, Nicholas Carr, nonsequential writing, Norbert Wiener, Norman Mailer, Occupy movement, packet switching, PageRank, Paul Graham, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer rental, Peter Thiel, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Potemkin village, precariat, pre–internet, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Metcalfe, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Skype, smart cities, Snapchat, social web, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, TaskRabbit, Ted Nelson, telemarketer, The Future of Employment, the medium is the message, the new new thing, Thomas L Friedman, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, Uber for X, urban planning, Vannevar Bush, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks, winner-take-all economy, working poor, Y Combinator
Technology, it seemed, was a force both for the creative and economic good. Everyone was replacing their vinyl records with the more convenient and cleaner-sounding CDs and the eighties were extremely profitable years for the recorded music industry, creating many thousands of new jobs and investment opportunities. HMV had even invested in the largest music store in the world on Oxford Street, a three-story, 60,000-square-foot building that had been opened by Bob Geldof in a October 1986 ceremony that not only attracted “tens of thousands of people” but also shut down Europe’s major shopping street.3 Back then, the economic promise of the music business certainly offered a vivid contrast to the sad fate of my family’s fashion fabric business. It had gone bankrupt in the mideighties, a victim of rapidly changing technology and fashion. An off-the-rack dress shop had replaced Falbers Fabrics on Oxford Street.
American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, Anton Chekhov, Bob Geldof, Celtic Tiger, clean water, glass ceiling, indoor plumbing, informal economy, job satisfaction, John Snow's cholera map, joint-stock company, land reform, New Urbanism, Potemkin village, Report Card for America’s Infrastructure, Steven Pinker, urban planning
It is hard to supply clean water when that clean water is contaminated by overflowing pit latrines or filthy fingernails. “We can get celebrities to talk about water,” a WaterAid employee tells me. “But none of them want to be pictured on a toilet.” Clean water gushing from a new hand pump makes for great press coverage. Accompanying a child to her new latrine does not. WaterAid probably isn’t fussy. If there’s no Bono or Bob Geldof, they’ll take a regular politician who champions sanitation. Except there aren’t many of those, either. There are some subjects that politicians just don’t like, and sanitation is among them. A sanitation expert with several decades of experience tells me he can list the influential political figures in sanitation on one hand. He rethinks. Half of one hand. “Maybe politicians will run on a platform of water for all or houses for all,” he says.
Bedsit Disco Queen: How I Grew Up and Tried to Be a Pop Star by Tracey Thorn
Up until that point I had only half cared about music, but this moment marked the point when I changed – not as many of my immediate elders changed, from people who liked Genesis into people who liked The Clash – from someone who had barely noticed pop music and didn’t seem to care much either way, into someone who cared about very little else. Mind you, I should also be honest and admit that at this stage my interest was still largely that of your average hormonally afflicted Bay City Rollers fan – i.e., I fancied them. 7 Aug – ‘Steve Jones – CCORR!!!’ 6 Oct – ‘J. J. Burnel is so hunky!! Luv his jeans!!*???!!** 3 Nov – ‘David Bowie was on TOTP. Boy, he’s so hunky’ 1 Dec – ‘Bob Geldof is so gorgeous’ And so on, and so on … At this point I was simply having fun with it all in a quite uncomplicated way, still just a fourteen-year-old pop fan. Sadly this phase didn’t last long, and as it began to occur to me that liking punk was, or was supposed to be, somehow different to liking David Essex, things got more awkward, especially at home. It goes without saying that the teenage years can be ‘difficult’, and that problems at school and with your parents are perhaps more the rule than the exception – but even given all this, the period of punk, and of punk’s influence, was a particularly problematic time to be a teenager.
A Game as Old as Empire: The Secret World of Economic Hit Men and the Web of Global Corruption by Steven Hiatt; John Perkins
airline deregulation, Andrei Shleifer, Asian financial crisis, Berlin Wall, big-box store, Bob Geldof, Bretton Woods, British Empire, capital controls, centre right, clean water, colonial rule, corporate governance, corporate personhood, deglobalization, deindustrialization, Doha Development Round, energy security, European colonialism, financial deregulation, financial independence, full employment, global village, high net worth, land reform, large denomination, liberal capitalism, Long Term Capital Management, Mexican peso crisis / tequila crisis, Mikhail Gorbachev, moral hazard, Naomi Klein, new economy, North Sea oil, offshore financial centre, oil shock, Ponzi scheme, race to the bottom, reserve currency, Ronald Reagan, Scramble for Africa, statistical model, structural adjustment programs, too big to fail, trade liberalization, transatlantic slave trade, transfer pricing, union organizing, Washington Consensus, working-age population, Yom Kippur War
Edward Alden, David Pilling, and Hugh Williamson, “Export Credit Agencies’ Graft Crackdown Stalls,” Financial Times, February 15, 2006. 11 G8 debt relief programs will cut less than 1 percent of the $3.2 trillion that developing countries still owe—and their harsh terms will exact additional hardship. What’s next for the debt relief campaign? The Mirage of Debt Relief James S. Henry We should have known that it was high time to study the fine print when veteran rock stars Bono and Bob Geldof, film stars Angelina Jolie and George Clooney, liberal comedian Al Franken, U.S. Treasury Secretary John Snow, World Bank President Paul Wolfowitz, and the UK’s Gordon Brown and Tony Blair all lined up on the same side of the field to cheer the G8’s July 2005 decision to provide “$40 billion of debt relief” to poor, heavily indebted developing countries. One might have expected self-effacing politicians like Brown and Blair to hail the agreement.
It's Our Turn to Eat by Michela Wrong
Berlin Wall, Bob Geldof, Bretton Woods, British Empire, clean water, colonial rule, Doha Development Round, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial independence, Kibera, Mahatma Gandhi, Mikhail Gorbachev, oil shock, out of africa, profit motive, Ronald Reagan, structural adjustment programs, upwardly mobile, young professional, zero-sum game, éminence grise
The Make Poverty History campaign, pushing for the cancellation of Africa's foreign debt and dramatic increases in Western aid levels, was gathering momentum. Jeffrey Sachs, the brilliant American economist who campaigned in favour of a massive hike in funding, appeared to have won the emotional, if not the intellectual, argument. Other analysts might shake their heads at Sachs's simplistic formula for the continent's recovery, but he had successfully wooed pop-star campaigners like Bono and Sir Bob Geldof, and their ability to mobilise a younger generation bored by traditional politics awed Western governments. Whether on the right or left, political parties realised that promising to ‘save’ Africa was a potential vote-winner in the eyes of an idealistic coming generation. No wonder members of the African elite, aware of these pressures, sometimes sounded unappetisingly smug when contemplating tortured Western attitudes to the continent.
The Stuff of Thought: Language as a Window Into Human Nature by Steven Pinker
airport security, Albert Einstein, Bob Geldof, colonial rule, conceptual framework, correlation does not imply causation, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, David Brooks, Douglas Hofstadter, en.wikipedia.org, experimental subject, fudge factor, George Santayana, loss aversion, luminiferous ether, Norman Mailer, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, science of happiness, speech recognition, stem cell, Steven Pinker, Thomas Bayes, Thorstein Veblen, traffic fines, urban renewal, Yogi Berra
Every Tom, Dick, and Harry is called William.” On the other hand, they don’t want to saddle their child with a name that is so distinctive that the child is marked as coming from a family of greenhorns or misfits. At one extreme we find celebrities like the actress Rachel Griffiths, who named her son Banjo, the magician Penn Jillette, who named his daughter Moxie Crime-Fighter, and the rock star Bob Geldof, who named his daughters Little Pixie, Fifi Trixibelle, and Peaches Honeyblossom. At the other we have the boxer George Foreman, who named all five of his sons George. Most parents are somewhere in between. The problem with everyone trying to be moderately distinctive is that they are in danger of being moderately distinctive in the same way. Hence we get a school full of Susans and Steves in the 1960s and of Chloës and Dylans today.
The London Compendium by Ed Glinert
1960s counterculture, anti-communist, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Bob Geldof, British Empire, Brixton riot, Corn Laws, Dava Sobel, double entry bookkeeping, Edward Lloyd's coffeehouse, Exxon Valdez, hiring and firing, invention of the telegraph, Isaac Newton, John Harrison: Longitude, John Snow's cholera map, Khartoum Gordon, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, Nick Leeson, price stability, Ronald Reagan, Sloane Ranger, South China Sea, South Sea Bubble, spice trade, the market place, trade route, union organizing, V2 rocket
In 1978 the Buffalo reopened as the Electric Ballroom and on 22 August that year Sid Vicious gave his last stage performance here, playing in a punk ‘supergroup’ with Rat Scabies and Glen Matlock. Camden Palace / Music Machine, No. 1a A grand Edwardian music hall venue, it opened in 1900 as the Camden Theatre and has since served as a cinema, BBC studio (the Goons’ show was often recorded here) and the Music Machine punk/new wave venue, which stayed open until 2 a.m. six nights a week. In that incarnation it was plagued by trouble: Bob Geldof was attacked on stage at a June 1977 Boomtown Rats gig; the Human League had to play behind riot shields to protect their equipment, mostly computers, on 17 August 1978; and a twenty-year-old man was stabbed to death while talking to a friend on the stairway in January 1979. Three years later, at the height of the new romantic era, the venue reopened as the Camden Palace, hosting a narcissistic club run by Steve Strange.
A Classless Society: Britain in the 1990s by Alwyn W. Turner
Berlin Wall, Bob Geldof, British Empire, call centre, centre right, deindustrialization, demand response, Desert Island Discs, endogenous growth, Etonian, eurozone crisis, facts on the ground, Fall of the Berlin Wall, falling living standards, first-past-the-post, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, full employment, global village, greed is good, inflation targeting, means of production, millennium bug, minimum wage unemployment, moral panic, negative equity, Neil Kinnock, offshore financial centre, old-boy network, period drama, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, South Sea Bubble, Stephen Hawking, upwardly mobile, Winter of Discontent, women in the workforce
A similar impulse lay behind the creation of a Holocaust Memorial Day, first observed on 27 January 2001, the anniversary of the day that the Soviet Red Army liberated Auschwitz in Poland (as opposed to, say, the day that British troops liberated Belsen, or Yom HaShoah, the Jewish day of commemoration). A ceremony in Westminster Central Hall attracted the great and the good, from Prince Charles to the major party leaders, as well as a collection of celebrities including Antony Sher, Emma Thompson, Ian McKellen, Bob Geldof and Trevor McDonald, presumably chosen to represent ethnic and sexual diversity. To the surprise of some, this gesture was not universally welcomed. Already observance of Yom HaShoah was in decline and there was a debate within British Jewry about whether the continuing focus on the Nazi genocide was proving counter-productive, alienating younger generations with negative images of victimhood.