Project for a New American Century

7 results back to index


pages: 924 words: 198,159

Blackwater: The Rise of the World's Most Powerful Mercenary Army by Jeremy Scahill

Amazon: amazon.comamazon.co.ukamazon.deamazon.fr

air freight, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, business climate, business intelligence, centralized clearinghouse, collective bargaining, Columbine, facts on the ground, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Naomi Klein, private military company, Project for a New American Century, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, school choice, school vouchers, stem cell, urban planning, zero-sum game

But privatization was only part of the broader agenda. Cheney and Rumsfeld were key members of the Project for a New American Century, initiated in 1997 by neoconservative activist William Kristol.4 The group pressed Clinton to enact regime change in Iraq, and its principles, which advocated “a policy of military strength and moral clarity,”5 would form the basis for much of the Bush administration’s international agenda. In September 2000, just months before its members would form the core of the Bush White House, the Project for a New American Century released a report called Rebuilding America’s Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources for a New Century.

Erik Prince and his family have provided generous funding to the religious right’s war against secularism and for expanding the presence of Christianity in the public sphere.27 Prince is a close friend and benefactor to some of the country’s most militant Christian extremists, such as former Watergate conspirator Chuck Colson, who went on to become an adviser to President Bush and a pioneer of “faith-based prisons,” and Christian conservative leader Gary Bauer, an original signer of the Project for a New American Century’s “Statement of Principles,” whom Prince has worked alongside since his youth and who was a close friend of Prince’s father. Some Blackwater executives even boast of their membership in the Sovereign Military Order of Malta,28 a Christian militia formed in the eleventh century, before the first Crusades, with the mission of defending “territories that the Crusaders had conquered from the Moslems.”29 The Order today boasts of being “a sovereign subject of international law, with its own constitution, passports, stamps, and public institutions” and “diplomatic relations with 94 countries.”30 The outsourcing of U.S. military operations in Muslim countries and in secular societies to such neo-crusaders reinforces the greatest fears of many in the Arab world and other opponents of the administration’s wars.

“It appears to me that this has created a lack of respect and trust, and has resulted in an ineffective Office of the Inspector General.”72 In March 2003, a year after Schmitz took over as the Pentagon IG, and just as the Iraq invasion was beginning, he found himself responsible for investigating a scandal that rocked one of the key architects of the administration’s Iraq policy: Richard Perle, a leading neoconservative activist, founder of the Project for a New American Century and chair of the Defense Policy Board. Perle was close to Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz and had an office right next to Rumsfeld’s at the Pentagon.73 As the Iraq invasion was getting under way, the New York Times and The New Yorker magazine revealed that Perle was using his position to lobby for corporate clients in their dealings with the Defense Department.74 “Even as he advises the Pentagon on war matters, Richard N.


pages: 717 words: 150,288

Cities Under Siege: The New Military Urbanism by Stephen Graham

Amazon: amazon.comamazon.co.ukamazon.deamazon.fr

airport security, anti-communist, autonomous vehicles, Berlin Wall, call centre, carbon footprint, clean water, congestion charging, creative destruction, credit crunch, DARPA: Urban Challenge, defense in depth, deindustrialization, digital map, edge city, energy security, European colonialism, failed state, Food sovereignty, Gini coefficient, global supply chain, Google Earth, illegal immigration, income inequality, knowledge economy, late capitalism, loose coupling, market fundamentalism, mass incarceration, McMansion, megacity, moral panic, mutually assured destruction, Naomi Klein, New Urbanism, offshore financial centre, one-state solution, pattern recognition, peak oil, planetary scale, private military company, Project for a New American Century, RAND corporation, RFID, Richard Florida, Scramble for Africa, Silicon Valley, smart transportation, surplus humans, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Washington Consensus, white flight, white picket fence

Hence, such interventions become more common, more aggressive, and more pre-emptive. They become a basis for US strategy. Such perceptions were central to the Bush administration’s launching of ‘pre-emptive war’ as part of an ongoing, unbounded War on Terror post-9/11, and to earlier, influential pronouncements by the neoconservative Project for a New American Century that US forces must be redesigned for the post–Cold War era so that they could ‘fight and decisively win multiple, simultaneous major theatre wars’. ‘It is now possible to use America’s military might’, wrote US military theorist Raymond O’Mara in 2003, ‘with a greatly reduced chance of suffering friendly casualties or equipment loss’.

Since the days of Jimmy Carter, US foreign and military policy has been organized around the imperative of using, as he famously put it, ‘any means necessary, including military force’, to safeguard the supply and flow of Persian Gulf oil.136 The invasion of Iraq was the direct result of the imposition of a new, pre-emptive warfare strategy, developed by a group of neoconservatives and designed, in part, to secure US control over the rapidly diminishing strategic oil reserves in both the Middle East and the Caspian basin. As former deputy secretary of defence Paul Wolfowitz – a key co-author, along with Donald Rumsfeld and Dick Cheney, of the pivotal Project for a New American Century report in 2000, ‘Rebuilding America’s Defenses’ – once put it, Iraq ‘floats on a sea of oil’.137 Even though the exploitation of Iraqi oil since the 2003 invasion has occasioned much violence and disruption, the cartel of major Western oil companies had managed, by early 2008, to regain the massive oil concessions that they had lost in 1972 when Iraq nationalized the country’s reserves.138 The decision to remove Saddam Hussein – made, at the very latest, in January 2001, well before the 9/11 attacks139 – was a result of a new and aggressive policy of reshaping Middle East geopolitics using the unassailable military firepower of the US, with a view to attaining hegemonic control over the world’s major remaining oil reserves.

See urban warfare, training cities PlayStation, xxvi, 69,215, 217, 221–22, 321 Plonisch, Igor, 125 n.127 Pluralism (Connolly), 73–74 Pockett, Consuella, 256 n.111 Poindexter, John, 127 polarization, 5, 7, 17, 35, 38–39, 45, 52, 100, 102, 107, 112, 143, 150, 356, 383 police, militarized, 96, 97,98–99 political equator, 119, 120, 380 Pollard, Tom, 236, 237 n.39 Porta, Donatella della, 380 n.82 Portefaix, Valérie, 132 n.155 Postmodern War (Gray), 69 n.31 poverty, 146; concentration of, 6–7,109; and wealth, 5–6 Pravecek, Tasha, 254 n.105 Pred, Allan, 54 n.77, 348 n.2 Predator See drones Primary Purpose (Pastor Ted), 46 prison, xvii-xviii, 5, 63, 73, 109; camp, xxii, xxv, 78; population, 7, 109–10, 111; as warehouse, 95, 109–10 Privacy & Law Enforcement (Brown), 117 n.112 privatization, 4, 7–8, 54 n.75, 87, 102, 144, 259, 297, 309, 338, 357, 365, 380 Project for a New American Century, 156, 335 protest, xviii, 59, 78, 94, 109, 121, 122, 123, 148, 166, 218, 244, 246–47, 270, 343, 349, 360, 367, 372, 384 Provoost, Michelle, 14 n.58 Pruett, Richard, 127 n.133, 136 Pryke, Michael, 4 n.7 PSYOPS, 283 PTSD, 211 Puar, Jasbir, 56–57, 236 n.38 public health, xxiv, 5, 112, 265, 279, 282, 290 public space, 102, 104, 309, 350, 365, 378 Putin, xxv, 266 quality of life, 102 Qureshi, Emran, 39, 57 n.92 Rabin, Yitzak, 233 Rafael, 247, 255 Rai, Amit, 56, 236 n.38 Ramallah, 194, 226 Ramirez, Marcos, 359, 360 Rampton, Sheldon, Weapons of Mass Deception,70 n.35 RAND, 160, 185, 187, 195–98, 227–28 Randall, Doug, 339–40 Rao, Vyjayanthi, 268 n.15 Rapaille, Clotaire, 319–20 Rathke, Wade, The Battle for Lower Ninth,86 n.107 Rattray, Gregory, 291 n.105 Ray, Gene, 5, 376 Raymond, Antonin, 186 Raytheon, xi, xiii, xvi, xxii, xxvi, 139, 172, 215 Red Cross, 119 Regan, Tom, 224 n.138 Reid, Julian, 41 Reilly, William M., 1 n.3 Repent America, 46 Republican National Convention, 360 RESTORE Act (US), 141–2 Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA), 14, 28–29, 32, 78, 154–62 passim, 271; neglects urbanization, 156; undermined by urban terrain, 158, 162; urban turn of, 157, 160–61, 167–68, 174–77 Richfield, Paul, 215 n.104 Ridgley, Jennifer, 99 n.44 Rizer, Kenneth, 275 n.43, 276–77 Robb, David, 223 n.133 Robb, John, 264, 269–70; Brave New War,142–44 Roberts, Susan, 29 n.124 Robinson, Jenny, xxviii n.27 robotic insects, 173–74 Robotics Institute, 368 robotized war, 167–82 passim; inevitable errors of, 181; and war crimes, 178 Rogers, Rick, 211 n.89 Rohozinski, Rafal, 240 n.56 Rollins, John, 128 n.134 Ronfeldt, David, 22 n.89, 155 n.7 Rosas, Gilberto, 96 n.41 Rose, David, 109 n.74 Rose, Nikolas, 95 n.37 Rosen, Jeffrey, 330 Rosenberg, Barry, 292 n.111 Ross, Andrew, 15, 31, 32 n.136, 45 n.43, 47 n.52, 306 n.24 Ross, Kristin, Fast Cars, Clean Bodies xx Rostow, Walt, 273; The Stages of Economic Growth, 272 Rowat, Colin, 280, 282 Rowell, Steve, 196 Roy, Ananya, 144 Ruggiero, Vincenzo, 107 Rumsfeld, Donald, 29, 154, 273, 335 Rupert, James, 178 n.88 rural soldiers, 61 Russia, xxv, 228, 266, 292, 335 Sadr City, 130, 248 Said, Edward, 226 n.2, 232, 233 n.22; Orientalism,36, 37 n.6, 56 Salingaros, Nikos, 41 Salon.com, 372 Salopek, Paul, 306 n.21, 312 n.45 Salter, Mark, 99 n.45, 136 n.175 Sanchez, Ricardo, 57–58 sanctions, 279–83, 287–88 Sanders, Ralph, 250 n.86 Sao Paulo, 112 Sassen, Saskia, The Global City, xxix n.30 satire, 374–78 Saudi Arabia, 338 Schattle, Duane, 32 Scheer, Robert, 224 n.136 Schell, Jonathan, 162 Schimmel, Kimberly, 125 n.124 Schleiner, Anne-Marie, 360, 361 Schmidt, Rick, 319 Schmitt, Charles, 129 Schmitt, Eric, 223 n.135 Schreier, Fred, 75 n.52 Schueller, Malini Johar, 154 n.6, 234 n.29 Schwartz, Michael, 335 n.136 Schwartz, Peter, 339–40 Schwarzenegger, Arnold, 318 Scott, Ridley, 224 n.136 Scraton, Phil, 94 Seager, Ashley, 7 n.23 Seal, Cheryl, 225 Seattle, 22, 121 Seavey, Frank, 75 n.56 Second World War, 64, 153, 186, 267, 274, 372 Secor, Anna, 29 n.124 security, vs trade, 134–35 The Security Economy (OECD), 75 securocratic war, 91–94, 100, 107, 112–13, 117, 119, 132–33, 149–52, 253, 255, 298, 349, 354, 368 Segall, Stu, 200 Sells, Michael, 39, 57 n.92 Sengoopta, Chandak, Imprint of the Raj, xvii n.8 Sennett, Richard, 299 September 11, 38, 41, 45 n.43, 59, 71, 79–82, 116, 126, 156, 260, 267, 335, 344; as act of God, 46; economic consumption as response to, 67; and media, 68–69; nationalities on list of dead, 81–82 Servielle, Jean, 19 Shachtman, Noah, 215 n.103, 270 n.20, 330 n.123 Shaffer, Mark, 187 Shalit, Gilad, 287 Shamir, Ronen, 89 Shapiro, Michael, 147, 148 n.215 Sharlet, Jeff, 46 Sharon, Ariel, 231–33, 250 Shatz, Howard, 135 n.168 Shaw, Martin, 13 n.48&52 Shenzen, 117 Sheptycki, James, 22 n.91, 131–2 Sherry, Michael, 175 Shifting Fire, 240 Shihade, Magid, 22 Shohat, Ella, 25 shoot-to-kill, 258–59 Shryock, Andrew, xix n.11, 81 Signal, 24 Signs of the Times (blog), 23 Silicon Valley, 14 Simon, David, 43 Simon, Jonathan, 109 Singel, Ryan, 141 n.184&186 Singer, Peter W., 324 n.103 Singh, Anne-Marie, 94 n.28 Sirhal, Maureen, 330 n.121 Skeates, Richard, 47 Sklar, Holly, 7 n.21 Slater, David, 379, 380 n.81 Slavick, Elin O’Hara, 355, 356 Smith, Colin, 293 n.118 Smith, David, 284 n.74 Smith, Jacqui, xi Smith, Jeremy Adam, 42 n.32, 52 n.68 Smith, Michael Peter, Transnational Urbanism, xxvii n.23, 77 n.62 Smith, Neil, 87, 134 n.158&161, 136 n.170 Smith, Thomas, 283 n.69 Snyder, Donald, 253 n.99 Snyder, Mary Gail, 24 n.104 Soffer, Arnon, 227 Soja, Edward, 132 n.154 Solnit, David, 371 n.59 Soriano, César, 223 n.133 Soros, George, 295 South, urban explosion, 2–3 South Africa, 15, 49, 107, 261 Spain, 119; and Iraq war, 82 Sparke, Matthew, 29 n.124, 140 Sparrow, Robert, 172 n.64, 181–82 Sperling, John, 50 Spira, James, 211 Staeheli, Lynn Mitchell, 121 n.120 The Stages of Economic Growth (Rostow), 272 Stahl, Roger, 205–6, 217 n.113, 221, 225 Stam, Robert, 25 Stapleton, Christopher, 199 State of the World’s Cities 2006/7 (UN), 2 n.4, 6, 85 n.98 Stauber, John, Weapons of Mass Deception,70 n.35 Steele, Dennis, 243, 244 n.65 Steinmetz, George, 87 n.113 Stiglitz, Joseph, 313 Stocker, Gerfried, 64 Stolley, Richard, 198 n.44 Stone, Paul, 291 n.110 The Stranger,50 Strategic Assessment, 252 Street, Paul, 44 street furniture, 102–3, 285 structural adjustment (SAP), 4–5, 17, 54 n.75 Suffolk, VA, 218, 219 Sun Tzu, 19, 153, 161 Surveillance Group, 250 Suspect Detection Systems, 257 SUV, xxvi, xxx, 303–45 passim, 372; advert, 308; antidemocratic features of, 314; and apocalypse, 317; carbon emissions, 340; and citizenship, 313–14; and city, 309–10, 316; as gated community, 309–10, 315, 320; grain consumption of, 341; increased market share, 303; popularity, 315, 318; and state warfare, 307; and US imperialism, 304, 306; and war, 307, 316, 321 SWAT, 97, 98 Swaziland, 343 SWORDS, 170, 173 Syria, 251; simulated, 193 Sze, Julie, 321 n.92 Tamari, Dov, 226 Tasse, Roche, 75, 119, 136 n.174 Taw, Jennifer, 160 Taylor, Peter, xxix n.30, 78, 133 Taylor, Tim, 258 technology, 266, 271; civilian use of military, 65–67; reappropriation of, 363–68 technophilia, xi, 29–30, 35, 70, 117, 146, 154, 156–57, 162, 175–77, 179, 202, 348, 364, 378 TeleGeography, 141 television See TV terrorism, 232, 235, 238, 241, 264, 271, 298, 324, 381; Arab cities as, 205; and counterterrorism, 39; vs data-mining, 127; discourse of, 56, 58–59; immigration as, xx; induced by wars of rich, 300–301; and media, 70; vs oil dependence, 345; vs state violence, xxiv.

The Great Turning: From Empire to Earth Community by David C. Korten

Amazon: amazon.comamazon.co.ukamazon.deamazon.fr

Albert Einstein, banks create money, big-box store, Bretton Woods, British Empire, clean water, colonial rule, Community Supported Agriculture, death of newspapers, declining real wages, European colonialism, Francisco Pizarro, full employment, George Gilder, global supply chain, global village, God and Mammon, Hernando de Soto, Howard Zinn, informal economy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, joint-stock company, land reform, market bubble, market fundamentalism, Monroe Doctrine, Naomi Klein, neoliberal agenda, new economy, peak oil, planetary scale, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Project for a New American Century, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, sexual politics, source of truth, South Sea Bubble, stem cell, structural adjustment programs, The Chicago School, trade route, Washington Consensus, wealth creators, World Values Survey

Leading Republican neoconservatives Bill Kristol and Robert Kagan followed up with an article in Foreign Affairs that called for the United States to establish a “benevolent global hegemony.” In 1997, Kristol and Kagan joined a virtual who’s who of top-level defense officials and advisers from the Reagan and Bush I administrations to form the Project for a New American Century (PNAC). Wake-Up Call 231 Founding members included Cheney, Wolfowitz, Donald Rumsfeld, and Richard Perle, who formed the Bush II defense-policy team; and Jeb Bush, Bush II’s brother. In September 2000, PNAC issued a report titled Rebuilding America’s Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources for a New Century.

See also family issues Parks, Rosa, 202–203 Parks, Sharon, 43 partnership biological, 268, 274, 280, 291 contemporary context for, 295–297 culture, 53, 258 model, 19, 29–40, 222 narrative, 41 politics of, 81 power, 36–37, 100 societies, 291–294 pathology of Empire, 35–36, 37 patient capital, 344 Pax Americana, 230–235 Pax Romana, 119–121 Peace Alliance, 321 peak oil, 61, 244 Pearl Harbor attack, 213 INDEX Penn, William, 171 Pennsylvania, restrictions of corporate ownership of shares, 192 People-Centered Development Forum, 11 People’s Earth Declaration, 85–86 People’s Party, 207 perfect storm, economic, 70–72 Perkins, John, 198 Perlas, Nicanor, 18, 19 Perle, Richard, 231 Permanent Court of Arbitration, 81 permeable boundaries, principle of, 293–294 petroleum reserves, 60–62 PFN (Positive Futures Network), 14, 17–18 pharaohs, deification of, 114 Philippine National Irrigation Administration (NIA), 10 Philippines, 193 philosophy of scientific revolution, 256 physical infrastructures, 298 physical world, 254–255 Piaget, Jean, 43 Pinchot, Gifford, 16 Pinchot, Libba, 16 Pinochet, Augusto, 196 piracy, 128–129 place, principle of, 292 planetary stress, 58–60 Plato, 146, 147, 148, 151, 154 pluralism, 171–173 plutocracy, 161, 164–165, 180, 219 agenda of, 223 Alexander Hamilton and, 184–185 American, 182 as bipartisan cause, 227–228 constitutional, 185–187, 341–342 corporate, 219 United States as, 185 plutocrats versus populists, 209 PNAC (Project for a New American Century), 230–231, 233 Policy Planning Study (U.S. State Department), 195 political consensus, 331–334 political democracy, 134–135, 140–141, 143–144, 345 political domination, 18 political institutions, role of, 305–306 political manipulators, 50 393 political principles, of Earth Community, 38 political process, 346–349 political sphere, 342 political theory, Rousseau’s, 153–154 political turning, 21, 81–83, 320–322 politics of culture, 248–249 living, 345–349 stealth, 223–227 poorest people worldwide, 299 population, 59, 97 populists versus plutocrats, 209 Portugal, 127 Positive Futures Network (PFN), 14, 17–18 Post-Corporate World: Life after Capitalism (Korten), 15 potential of humanity, failure of, 36 poverty, 304 Powell, Lewis, 220 power abuses of, 241 asymmetrical relationship of, 207 centralized, 10–11 coercive, 104 of corporations, 333 dominator, 34 of economic and political domination, 18 generative, 97 localization and distribution of, 303–305 maturity of those in, 151 men’s compared to women’s, 105–106 source of Empire’s, 82 Power Seekers, 328, 329–330, 339 practical politics, 31 pre-agricultural societies, 97 pre-Empire civilizations, 166 pre-Empire humans, 94 pre-imperial societies, 109–110 presidents, U.S., 184 principles for organizing partnership societies, 291–294 priorities, 72, 244–245, 327 privateers, 128–129, 141 private property, 150 problem solving, 315 producing classes, 210 product placement, 338–339 394 profiting from public credit, 188–189 progressive issues, roots of, 302–303 progressive movements, 330 progressives, 329–330, 339 Project for a New American Century (PNAC), 230–231, 233 property, 139–140, 150, 189, 208–209 prosperity, 249, 250, 303–305 Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, The (Weber), 164 Protestant Reformation, 123 psychological health, 285, 335 psychology behavioral, 269–270 of Earth Community, 52–53 of Empire, 48–52 publicly traded limited-liability corporations, 131–133 public opinion, 191–192 public outrage, 186–187 Puerto Rico, 193 Puritans, 162–163, 171–172 Quakers, 163, 164, 171, 202 quality of life, 80, 305 race-based slavery, 169 racketeering, 211 Raleigh, Walter, 161 Rapture, 223, 260–261, 287 Ray, Paul, 47, 79, 80, 323–324 Reagan, Ronald, 227, 230, 240 real assets, 139–140, 150, 189, 208–209 reality, explanations of, 280 rebellions, 173–174, 175–176, 203 Rebuilding America’s Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources for a New Century, 231 rebuilding economies, bottom-up efforts, 13–14 Reed, Ralph, 222 reflective consciousness, 281–282, 309, 310, 358 relationships of Earth Community, 36–38 of Empire, 34 family, 349–350 human communities/natural communities, 32–33 human desire for, 310 INDE X importance of, 299 life depends on, 274, 292, 299, 309 loving, 285 models for organizing, 39–40 trust, 305–306 religious issues biblical meaning story, 246–247 Christ, 247–248, 258–259, 261, 265, 325 Christian Bible, 257 Christianity, 121–122 Christian Reconstructionism, 223 Christian Right, 223–224 Christian theology, 254 Christian values, 339 competing religious influences (colonial), 163–164 conflict between science and religion, 253–257, 264 of English colonies, 170 fundamentalists, 189 images of God, 257–263 imperial biblical meaning story, 246–247, 249 importance of religion to Americans, 325 Jesus, 225, 247–248, 258–259 mandated state religion, 162 pluralism, 171–173 prevailing Western religious story, 308 the Rapture, 287 religion in service of Empire, 352 religion of the strict father, 254 religious freedom, 205 religious versus scientific doctrine, 255 Roman Church, 259 waiting for the Rapture, 260–261 Religious Roundtable, 222 renewal, 278–279 Republic, The (Socrates), 148 Republican Party, 223 republics, 117–119, 127, 185 reservations, Indian, 205 resistance, against corporate globalization, 318–319 resistance movements, 65, 176, 193, 205, 317 resources, monopolization of, 34 responsibility for harms caused, 344 retirement benefits, 213 revolution, scientific, 256, 266 revolutions/wars INDEX abolishment of use of, 81 American Revolution, 133, 160, 178–179, 180, 206 Civil War, 191 evolution wars, 256–257 fire power, 65–66 French Revolution, 133 Green Revolution, 62 Gulf War (1991), 64 Iraq war (2003), 197, 232–235 Mexican-American War, 191 Napoleonic Wars, 133 Opium War, 130 Revolutionary War, 177–178 self-destructive, 63–64 Seven Years War, 175 Spanish-American War, 193 striking during wars, 213 on terrorism/terrorists, 231–235 U.S.

., 184 principles for organizing partnership societies, 291–294 priorities, 72, 244–245, 327 privateers, 128–129, 141 private property, 150 problem solving, 315 producing classes, 210 product placement, 338–339 394 profiting from public credit, 188–189 progressive issues, roots of, 302–303 progressive movements, 330 progressives, 329–330, 339 Project for a New American Century (PNAC), 230–231, 233 property, 139–140, 150, 189, 208–209 prosperity, 249, 250, 303–305 Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, The (Weber), 164 Protestant Reformation, 123 psychological health, 285, 335 psychology behavioral, 269–270 of Earth Community, 52–53 of Empire, 48–52 publicly traded limited-liability corporations, 131–133 public opinion, 191–192 public outrage, 186–187 Puerto Rico, 193 Puritans, 162–163, 171–172 Quakers, 163, 164, 171, 202 quality of life, 80, 305 race-based slavery, 169 racketeering, 211 Raleigh, Walter, 161 Rapture, 223, 260–261, 287 Ray, Paul, 47, 79, 80, 323–324 Reagan, Ronald, 227, 230, 240 real assets, 139–140, 150, 189, 208–209 reality, explanations of, 280 rebellions, 173–174, 175–176, 203 Rebuilding America’s Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources for a New Century, 231 rebuilding economies, bottom-up efforts, 13–14 Reed, Ralph, 222 reflective consciousness, 281–282, 309, 310, 358 relationships of Earth Community, 36–38 of Empire, 34 family, 349–350 human communities/natural communities, 32–33 human desire for, 310 INDE X importance of, 299 life depends on, 274, 292, 299, 309 loving, 285 models for organizing, 39–40 trust, 305–306 religious issues biblical meaning story, 246–247 Christ, 247–248, 258–259, 261, 265, 325 Christian Bible, 257 Christianity, 121–122 Christian Reconstructionism, 223 Christian Right, 223–224 Christian theology, 254 Christian values, 339 competing religious influences (colonial), 163–164 conflict between science and religion, 253–257, 264 of English colonies, 170 fundamentalists, 189 images of God, 257–263 imperial biblical meaning story, 246–247, 249 importance of religion to Americans, 325 Jesus, 225, 247–248, 258–259 mandated state religion, 162 pluralism, 171–173 prevailing Western religious story, 308 the Rapture, 287 religion in service of Empire, 352 religion of the strict father, 254 religious freedom, 205 religious versus scientific doctrine, 255 Roman Church, 259 waiting for the Rapture, 260–261 Religious Roundtable, 222 renewal, 278–279 Republic, The (Socrates), 148 Republican Party, 223 republics, 117–119, 127, 185 reservations, Indian, 205 resistance, against corporate globalization, 318–319 resistance movements, 65, 176, 193, 205, 317 resources, monopolization of, 34 responsibility for harms caused, 344 retirement benefits, 213 revolution, scientific, 256, 266 revolutions/wars INDEX abolishment of use of, 81 American Revolution, 133, 160, 178–179, 180, 206 Civil War, 191 evolution wars, 256–257 fire power, 65–66 French Revolution, 133 Green Revolution, 62 Gulf War (1991), 64 Iraq war (2003), 197, 232–235 Mexican-American War, 191 Napoleonic Wars, 133 Opium War, 130 Revolutionary War, 177–178 self-destructive, 63–64 Seven Years War, 175 Spanish-American War, 193 striking during wars, 213 on terrorism/terrorists, 231–235 U.S.


pages: 415 words: 103,231

Gusher of Lies: The Dangerous Delusions of Energy Independence by Robert Bryce

Amazon: amazon.comamazon.co.ukamazon.deamazon.fr

Berlin Wall, Colonization of Mars, decarbonisation, en.wikipedia.org, energy security, energy transition, financial independence, flex fuel, hydrogen economy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), John Markoff, Just-in-time delivery, new economy, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, peak oil, price stability, Project for a New American Century, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Stewart Brand, Thomas L Friedman, Whole Earth Catalog, X Prize, Yom Kippur War

The Nitze School has long been a hotbed of neoconservatism. Its roster of academics includes Eliot Cohen and Francis Fukuyama, who, like Cohen, was an early member of the Project for a New American Century.17 (Fukuyama has since left the fold. In 2006, he wrote a book in which he declared that neoconservatism “as both a political symbol and a body of thought, has evolved into something that I can no longer support.”18) The former dean of the Nitze School is Paul Wolfowitz, another founding member of the Project for a New American Century. He went on to become Deputy Defense Secretary from 2001 to 2005.19 At the time of the meeting, Luft’s new think tank was getting positive publicity thanks to its efforts to track pipeline attacks in Iraq.


pages: 283 words: 77,272

With Liberty and Justice for Some: How the Law Is Used to Destroy Equality and Protect the Powerful by Glenn Greenwald

Amazon: amazon.comamazon.co.ukamazon.deamazon.fr

Ayatollah Khomeini, banking crisis, Bernie Madoff, Clive Stafford Smith, collateralized debt obligation, Corrections Corporation of America, crack epidemic, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, David Brooks, deskilling, financial deregulation, full employment, high net worth, income inequality, Julian Assange, mandatory minimum, nuremberg principles, Ponzi scheme, Project for a New American Century, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, too big to fail, Washington Consensus, WikiLeaks

Libby’s importance in the Bush administration went far beyond his title. He had long been one of the most well-connected politicians in the country. Along with Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld, Paul Wolfowitz, Jeb Bush, and Norman Podhoretz, he was one of the twenty-five signatories to the 1997 founding statement of Bill Kristol’s pro-imperial Project for a New American Century, which had called for an invasion of Iraq more than four years before the 9/11 attacks. Scooter Libby was at the very apex of the neoconservative movement that dominated Washington during the Bush 43 years, a top Bush aide and close intimate of America’s most powerful political and media figures.


pages: 348 words: 98,757

The Trade of Queens by Charles Stross

Amazon: amazon.comamazon.co.ukamazon.deamazon.fr

business intelligence, call centre, illegal immigration, index card, inflation targeting, land reform, profit motive, Project for a New American Century, seigniorage

It was Sir Ulrich, one of the progressive faction's stalwarts, a medic by training. "Can they do it?" he asked. "You heard him." Olga's cheek twitched. Dread was a sick sensation in the pit of her stomach. "Let me remind you of WARBUCKS's history; he's a hawk. He was one of the main sponsors of the Project for a New American Century, he's the planner behind the Iraq invasion, and he's an imperialist in the old model. What most of you don't know is that back in the 1980s he was one of our main commercial enabling partners in the Western operation. And he's gone public about our existence. Getting back to your question: He's defined the success of his presidency in terms of his ability to take us down.


pages: 1,117 words: 305,620

Dirty Wars: The World Is a Battlefield by Jeremy Scahill

Amazon: amazon.comamazon.co.ukamazon.deamazon.fr

active measures, air freight, anti-communist, blood diamonds, business climate, citizen journalism, colonial rule, crowdsourcing, Donald Trump, drone strike, failed state, friendly fire, Google Hangouts, indoor plumbing, Islamic Golden Age, land reform, Mohammed Bouazizi, Naomi Klein, private military company, Project for a New American Century, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, WikiLeaks

For the senior officials in Bush’s national security and defense teams who spent the eight Clinton years—and more—developing those alternatives, the 9/11 attacks, and almost unanimous support from the Democratic-controlled Congress, provided a tremendous opportunity to make their ideas inevitable. In an eerie prediction of things to come, the neocons of the Project for a New American Century had asserted a year to the month before 9/11 in their report, “Rebuilding America’s Defenses,” that “the process of transformation, even if it brings revolutionary change, is likely to be a long one, absent some catastrophic and catalyzing event—like a new Pearl Harbor.” Cheney and Rumsfeld may not have been able to see 9/11 coming, but they proved masters at exploiting the attacks.