glass ceiling

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Sam Friedman and Daniel Laurison by The Class Ceiling Why it Pays to be Privileged (2019, Policy Press)

affirmative action, Boris Johnson, discrete time, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, equal pay for equal work, gender pay gap, gig economy, Gini coefficient, glass ceiling, Hyperloop, if you build it, they will come, income inequality, invisible hand, job satisfaction, knowledge economy, longitudinal study, meta analysis, meta-analysis, nudge unit, old-boy network, performance metric, psychological pricing, school choice, Skype, starchitect, The Spirit Level, unpaid internship, upwardly mobile

Here the metaphor of glass, and particularly the glass ceiling, has been usefully deployed to highlight the invisible yet durable barriers that these groups face in achieving the same rewards as white men in the same positions.71 A range of mechanisms is at play here, from direct discrimination (in terms of sexism and racism) to the subtler and more insidious effects of stereotyping, microagressions, tokenism and homophily (the tendency among decision-makers to favour those who are, in various ways, like themselves).72 This work has also highlighted how these groups tend to be shut out of what is colloquially called the ‘old boys’ network’, the informal social connections that help people find out about job opportunities and navigate promotions.73 17 The Class Ceiling The key point that emerges from this glass-ceiling literature is that what we conventionally understand as ‘merit’ is not the only, or maybe even the main, determinant of career success. Study upon study has shown that even when women and racial-ethnic minorities are just as capable, talented and hard-working as white men in every way these attributes can be measured, they are still less likely to get on. This has obvious implications for our study. We know that those from working-class backgrounds have also been historically excluded from elite occupations74 (albeit for different reasons), so to what extent might the mechanisms driving the glass ceiling also apply to class origin? But connecting insights about the glass ceiling to the topic of class is not just about drawing parallels.

But at the same time, we also capitalise on the increased sample 189 The Class Ceiling size offered by the LFS to aim our analytical lens upwards, at those in elite occupations.20 Not only does this revive an analytical focus on elite closure, but it also insists on a more granular understanding of social mobility and a sensitivity to how class background may be particularly significant in structuring who gets to the very top. Second, we also want to reflect on our adoption in this book of the feminist concept of the glass ceiling, albeit recast in terms of a ‘class ceiling’. We should make it clear, here, that we are in no way asserting that the class ceiling has somehow replaced the glass ceiling, or implicitly suggesting, like many in the past, that class is some sort of ‘master-category’.21 Put simply, classorigin differences in the labour market do not operate in all the same ways as gender and ethnicity, and therefore retaining the specificity of the glass ceiling concept is clearly critical. Yet at the same time we believe that mobility analysis has much to learn from this literature.22 This is very clear from the results of this book.

-C. 306n23, 308n14 Bourdieusian approach 186–8, 195 Breen, R. and Goldthorpe, J.H. 294n2 Bridge Group 229, 231, 235, 236 Socio-economic diversity in the Civil Service Fast Stream 230 British Broadcasting Corporation see BBC British Social Attitudes survey 2016 286n31 Britton, J. et al 295n18 C capital (Bourdieu) Bourdieu on 186–7 class as total 196–7 cultural 14–17, 162, 164, 197, 199–203 dimensions of 194 economic 14, 24, 90, 93, 105–6, 197 embodied cultural 154, 187, 197, 199–208 ‘field-specific’ 199, 201–3 social 14, 110, 149, 162, 164 technical 141, 187, 203–8 Carter, C. and Spence, C. 159 Casciaro, T. and Lobo, M.S. 301n18 CCIs see cultural and creative industries CEOs (Chief Executive Officers) 33fig, 35fig, 40, 41fig, 42fig, 53fig Charlesworth, S.J. 314n71 Chetty, R. 192 Chinese ethnic group 42–3, 49fig, 51, 52fig Civil Service, Opportunity Network 237 ‘Clarendon Schools’ 148 class ‘death of ’ 5–6 origins and destinations 10–17 as multidimensional 196 class pay gap 7–9, 47–55, 57–70 within companies 85 company size and 67–9 demographic differences 59–60 drivers of 70fig, 86fig, 217fig education and 61–5 and elite occupations 52–5 and gender pay gap 50–1 and racial-ethnic pay gap 51–2 class-structural approach 189 client matching 147, 158–64 comportment 14, 132, 200 confidence cultural 154 fallacy of 23–7 and fitting in 124, 130, 151 misinterpretation of 102 and progression 19 and sponsorship 114 and typecasting 99 confidentiality 274 contest mobility 109 Coopers (architects) 81–3, 105–7 belonging 174–5 culture of 164–8 and embodied cultural capital 206 female representation 82, 120–1 fitting in 140–3 glass ceiling 143, 207 hierarchy 83 internal and external culture 164–8 merit 225–6 opting out 175 parental financial support 105–7 privilege 82, 83fig 361 The Class Ceiling racial-ethnic representation 82 researching 246–7 and sponsored mobility 118–21 working-class 82, 83fig Corbyn, J. 287n39 corporate senior management 33fig, 35fig, 41fig, 42fig, 53fig Crawford, C. et al 295n21 Crenshaw, K. 289n75 cultural affinity 111, 116, 122, 214 cultural and creative industries (CCIs), precarity of 91 ‘EGP’ (Erikson, Goldthorpe and Portocarero) approach 288n53 Elias, N. 302n3 elite signals 148, 156 Ellis, A.J. 306n20 embodied cultural capital 154, 187, 197, 199–208 emotional cost 173–4, 175, 178–83 engineering 33fig, 35fig, 40, 41fig, 42fig, 53fig, 54 Equality Act 2010 237, 296n1 The Equality Trust 238 Erickson, B.H. 307n38 ‘cultural competency’ 126 ‘cultural guides’ 120 F failure, anticipation of 173 ‘Fairer Scotland Duty’ 237 fairness 8, 9–10 feeding back 219–20, 273 Feinstein, L. 294n5 field (Bourdieu) 186–7, 198–9 ‘field-specific capital’ 199, 201–3 film and television industry access to 33fig class pay gap 53fig, 54–5 education 136 female representation 40, 42fig, 73 micro-class reproduction 34, 35fig racial-ethnic representation 40, 41fig, 73 social exclusivity 40, 74fig finance 33fig, 35fig, 41fig, 42fig, 53fig, 54 fire service chiefs 33fig, 35fig, 40, 41fig, 42fig, 53fig first class degree, earnings premium 38, 39fig, 64 fitting in 123–44 behavioural codes 134–40 ‘glass slipper’ 125–7 merit 144 polish 127–34 technical skill 140–3 cultural capital 14–17, 162, 164, 197, 199–203 D decomposition 58, 269 degree classification 63–4 deregulation 7, 246 disability 39–40, 41–2, 49, 51 discrimination 17, 40, 45, 57, 144, 224–5, 276 domestic migration 66–7 Dorling, D. 299n22 double disadvantage 50–2, 191, 218, 302n30 dress codes 126, 128–9, 134–5 Durkheimian approach 311n34 E Eagly, A.H. and Carli, L.L. 289n71 education and access to elite occupations 35–9 Bourdieu on 172–3 and embodied cultural capital 199–200 as ‘equaliser’ 61–5 grammar schools 6, 166 private 46, 78–81, 94, 104, 121, 123, 157, 159, 162, 172 public (elite private) 148–9 362 Index Fleming, P. 125–6 France, class pay gap 47 Friedman, S. 308n14 Future Leaders scheme 123–4, 244 G gatekeepers 114, 132, 144, 147–8, 166, 187 gender anxiety and 180–2 and dress 129 and merit 226 and technical capital 207 and tradition 39–40 under-representation of females 42fig see also double disadvantage; glass ceiling; intersectionality gender pay gap 45–6, 49, 61, 143, 221 ‘gig economy’ 91, 241, 270 glass ceiling 17–19, 45, 120, 143, 186, 190–1, 218 glass escalator 310n24 glass slipper 124–7, 128, 132, 133, 136, 142–3 globalisation 7, 286n17 Goldthorpe, J. 6, 8, 10, 189, 311n31 Goldthorpe, J. et al 309n7, 311n30 Goodall, L. 46 grammar schools 6, 166 Granovetter, M. 110 gravitas 159–60 H habitus (Bourdieu) 14–15, 186, 194, 198 Bourdieu on 288n69, 307n9, 308n1, 308n18, 314n80, 314n81 Hall, T. 45–6 Harman, H. 237 Heath, A.F. 310n20 hexis 200, 202 highbrow culture at 6TV 145–7, 150–6, 206, 219 as barrier 149–50, 164, 167 Bourdieu on 200 and privileged networks 168 Ho, K. 306n28 Hoggart, R. 307n35 homophily 214–15 and glass ceiling 17, 190 sponsorships and 113–14, 119, 120, 121 horizontal segregation 69, 272 Hout, M. 61 human capital 88, 90 I imposter syndrome 179 Indian ethnic group 42, 43, 49fig, 52fig individualisation 6, 26, 114, 144, 162 industry, decline in 6 Ingram, N. and Allen, K. 126 insecurity economic 91, 93 emotional 120, 139, 173, 179–83 institutionalised cultural capital 199, 315n92 intergenerational transfer 9, 15, 192, 193, 222 internships 149, 234 intersectionality 18–19, 40–4, 139, 190–1, 223, 233, 293n17 see also double disadvantage intra-generational mobility 193 IQ (intelligence quotient) 57, 61 isolation 181–2 IT 33fig, 35fig, 41fig, 42fig, 53fig J Jencks, C. et al 290n83, 311n29 Johnson, B. 57 Jones, D. 306n20 journalism class pay gap 53fig, 294n19 363 The Class Ceiling female representation 42fig Labour Force Survey (LFS) 264t micro-class reproduction 35fig privilege and 32, 33fig, 205 racial-ethnic representation 41fig and social mobility 30fig Just Fair 238 Lizardo, O. 149 ‘locus of control’ 23 London City of 19, 132, 212 parental financial support 24 privileged employment 22, 66, 69, 80, 106, 212 salary 66–7 senior positions 77 K Kitagawa, E 320n23 Koppman, S. 305n18, 313n58 KPMG 78, 230 Kuhn, A. 17 Kynaston, D. 132 M Macron, E. 29 management consultancy 33fig, 35fig, 41fig, 42fig, 53fig Matthew, M. 304n30 May, T. 7, 29 measurement of class background 230–2 medicine 33fig, 35fig, 41fig, 42fig, 53fig ‘merit’ measures 67fig, 68fig meritocracy 232–3 City of London 132, 133 and cultural similarity 111, 168–9 as driver 58, 62, 65 education 21–2, 61–3 and fitting in 144, 212–14, 215–19, 220–2 justification 88 ‘occupational effects’ and 198–9 and popular culture 179 and privilege 102, 103, 226–7 and progression 4–5 and sponsorship 118, 122 and technical capital 204 in UK 5, 7, 38–9 Weber on 4 meritocratic ideal 209, 210, 298n4 meritocratic legitimacy 8, 104 methodology 239–83 6TV 242–4 confidentiality 274 Coopers 246–7 elite occupation definition 265–6 L Labour Force Survey see LFS Lamont, M. and Lareau, A. 315n88 language 15, 128, 137–9, 151, 155–8, 306n23 see also speech Lareau, A. 15–16, 120 law class pay gap 53fig education 37 female representation 42fig micro-class reproduction 34, 35fig privilege 32, 33fig, 54, 85 progression in 19 racial-ethnic representation 41fig unpaid internships 234 Lawler, S. 18, 51, 308n15 Lawler, S. and Payne, G. 302n6 legal protection 237–8 Lexmond, J. and Reeves, R. 302n11 LFS (Labour Force Survey) 10, 30–1, 65, 72, 189–90, 240–3, 263–8, 271 life sciences 33fig, 35fig, 41fig, 42fig, 53fig linearity of career 196 Lineker, G. 45 ‘linguistic capital’ 306n23 364 Index feeding back 219–20, 273 interviews 247, 248t–60t measurement of social mobility 262–5 Turner Clarke (TC) 244–6 see also LFS (Labour Force Survey) microaggressions 17, 190, 224–5, 304n29 micro-class reproduction 34–5, 192 middle-class socialisation 126 Mijs, J.J.B. 298n4 Milburn, A. 9, 29–30 Miller, N. 229 Mills, C.W. 132, 148, 319n16 mixed race ethnic group 42, 43fig, 49fig, 51, 52fig Morrissey, D. 84 Mosca, G. 319n16 multiple race ethnic group 42 Murray, C. 57 N ‘neo-institutional theory’ 301n21, 303n26 networks and highbrow culture 149–50, 168 and inequality 121–2 old boys’ network 17, 109, 132, 211 and sponsorship 110, 115, 118 Norway, class pay gap 47 NS-SEC (National Statistics Socio-Economic Classification) 11, 222, 263–5 nudge theory 307n37 O objectified cultural capital 199 ‘objective merit’ 2, 168, 212, 214, 221 O’Brien, D. 241 ‘occupational effects’ 198–9 ‘old boys’ network’ 17, 109, 132, 211 ‘opportunity cost’ 182 ‘opportunity hoarding’ 148, 164 other Asian ethnic group 43fig, 49fig, 52fig otherness 146 Oxbridge 2, 3, 62, 63, 148, 155 P PACT (Producers Alliance for Cinema and Television) 243, 297n5 Paired Peers project 299n18 Pakistani ethnic group 40, 41fig, 42fig, 43–4, 49, 51, 52fig parental financial support 87–107 for actors 87–105 at Coopers 105–7 at Turner Clarke (TC) 105–7 parental occupation 31–2, 231–2, 240, 263 performing arts 33fig, 41fig, 42fig, 53fig Pfeffer, J. 290n83, 320n28 Piketty, T. 286n25 police service chiefs 33fig, 35fig, 40, 41fig, 42fig, 53fig Policy Exchange 286n31 polish 19, 127–34, 142, 159, 161, 180 popular culture 149, 202, 219, 307n38 primary socialisation 153–4, 194, 199, 202 private sector pay 68 Producers Alliance for Cinema and Television see PACT professional and managerial sector, increase in 6, 59 professionalism 159 progress in career 19–20, 45–55 class pay gap 47–55 cultural barriers 164 and education 62 female 143, 167 fitting in 124–5, 129 and merit 4, 102–3, 109, 111, 210 365 The Class Ceiling and parental financial support 90, 101, 106 and polish 127–34 self-elimination 173 sponsorship 113, 115, 118, 121 technical capital and 203 public assets, sale of 7 public sector access to 32, 33fig, 34 class pay gap 53fig, 68 female representation 42fig micro-class approach 35fig racial-ethnic representation 41fig public spending cuts 7 Puwar, N. 158 R racial-ethnic minorities at 6TV 139 access to elite occupations 20–1, 43fig at Coopers 82 and glass ceiling 190 and higher education 280fig, 281fig and IQ 57 pay gap 49–50, 283fig progression 21 at Turner Clarke (TC) 114 and upward social mobility 18 see also double disadvantage; intersectionality Received Pronunciation see RP Reeves, A. and de Vries, R. 315n91 Reeves, R. 149 regional differences 66–7, 80, 106 regression analysis 58, 268–9 Reith, Lord 306n21 RIBA (Royal Institute of British Architects) 175 Rivera, L. 19, 113, 129, 131, 223 Rollock, N. 289n80 Royal Institute of British Architects see RIBA RP (Received Pronunciation) 128, 156–8 Russell Group universities 38, 39fig, 62, 63fig, 100 S Saunders, P. 294n2 Savage, M. 205, 207 Sayer, A. 299n20 science, career in 33fig, 35fig, 41fig, 42fig, 53fig self-elimination 171–83 cultural mimicry 177–8 emotional self-protection 175 opting out 174–5 playing safe 175–7 self-worth 173 service-based economy 7 Sherman, R. 103 Skeggs, B. 18 SMC (Social Mobility Commission) 9, 57 social bridging 149 social capital 14–15, 110, 149, 162, 164 social closure 147–50, 189 social mobility, measurement of 30fig, 262–5 Social Mobility Business Compact 230 Social Mobility Commission see SMC Social Mobility Employer Index 230 Social Mobility Index 2017 305n3 Socioeconomic Duty 237–8 ‘sociology of elite recruitment’ 188–9 space, egalitarian organisation of 79 speech 126, 128, 156–8 see also language speed of career 176, 196 Spence, C. and Carter, C. 298n16 sponsorship 109–21 at 6TV 115–18 366 Index at Coopers 118–21 formalisation of 235–6 at Turner Clarke (TC) 111–15 standard mobility analysis 186, 198 standard mobility tables 188, 191–2 stereotyping 17, 218, 225, 303n28 studied informality 134–40, 142, 150 Sweden, class pay gap 47 ‘symbolic capital’ 201 ‘symbolic mastery’ 15, 16, 200 traditional/technical divide 32–4 Trump, D. 29 Turner, R.


pages: 440 words: 108,137

The Meritocracy Myth by Stephen J. McNamee

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, American ideology, Bernie Madoff, British Empire, business cycle, collective bargaining, computer age, conceptual framework, corporate governance, deindustrialization, delayed gratification, demographic transition, desegregation, deskilling, equal pay for equal work, estate planning, failed state, fixed income, gender pay gap, Gini coefficient, glass ceiling, helicopter parent, income inequality, informal economy, invisible hand, job automation, joint-stock company, labor-force participation, longitudinal study, low-wage service sector, marginal employment, Mark Zuckerberg, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, new economy, New Urbanism, obamacare, occupational segregation, old-boy network, pink-collar, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, post-industrial society, prediction markets, profit motive, race to the bottom, random walk, school choice, Scientific racism, Steve Jobs, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, trickle-down economics, upwardly mobile, We are the 99%, white flight, young professional

Among the 2011 Forbes list of the wealthiest Americans, only 10 percent were women, and 90 percent of them inherited their wealth (United for a Fair Economy 2012). The Glass Ceiling The phrase glass ceiling, another form of employment discrimination, refers to discriminatory policies that limit the upward mobility of qualified women and minorities, keeping them out of top management positions. As previously noted, many of the jobs in which women are concentrated have short mobility ladders. Secretaries rarely become bosses. Even though many secretaries could do the work of their bosses—and, indeed, they often do—they do not get the credit, the salary, or the opportunity to move up, regardless of their level of competence. The glass ceiling operates so that although all applicants may be welcomed by a firm at entry levels, when it comes to powerful managerial and executive positions, there are limits, generally unstated, on the number of women and nonwhites welcomed or even tolerated.

This problem is compounded by the departure of middle-class families from black inner-city areas, which has depleted the social capital of the remaining population and contributed to high levels of unemployment and welfare dependency (Wacquant and Wilson 1989; Wilson 1987, 1996). Women, likewise, have also historically confronted restricted access to privileged social networks, sometimes derisively referred to as “the good old boy network” that has contributed to a “glass ceiling” of limited (nonmerit) opportunities for advancement (McDonald, Lin, and Ao 2009). The process of this restriction is often subtle and can come in many forms. Women in business settings, for instance, may be restricted from inner male sanctums such as the golf course, the racquetball court, the bar, the poker game, or other arenas of mostly male interaction in which insider information is shared and business deals are often cut outside of “official” work environments.

., physicians and lawyers), most of the increase has occurred in the low-wage nonprofessional part of the sector (e.g., child-care workers, hairdressers) (McCrary 1998). Second, some women may select self-employment because it affords them greater scheduling flexibility in combining the demands of work and family. Among self-employed workers, for instance, half of women are employed part-time compared to only a third of men (Hipple 2010, 28). Finally, some women may start new businesses to circumvent the glass-ceiling effects often encountered in wage employment. Although self-employment is often seen as a vehicle of upward social mobility for ethnic minorities, whites have higher rates of self-employment than these groups. In 2009 for instance, whites were about twice as likely to be self-employed as blacks, with white self-employment at 7.4 percent compared to 4.5 percent for blacks (Hipple 2010, 21). Some of this difference may be attributed to reluctance among white customers to patronize black-owned businesses and whites’ assumption that black-owned businesses produce inferior products or services (Feagin and Sikes 1994; Parker 2004).


pages: 50 words: 15,155

Women & Power: A Manifesto by Mary Beard

Bernie Sanders, Boris Johnson, Donald Trump, feminist movement, glass ceiling, knowledge economy, Saturday Night Live, wikimedia commons

But my mother also knew that it was not all quite so simple, that real equality between women and men was still a thing of the future, and that there were causes for anger as well as for celebration. She always regretted not going to university (and was selflessly pleased that I was able to do just that). She was often frustrated that her views and her voice were not taken as seriously as she hoped they would be. And, though she would have been puzzled at the metaphor of the ‘glass ceiling’, she was well aware that the further up the career hierarchy she went, the fewer female faces she saw. She was often in my mind when I was preparing the two lectures on which this book is based, delivered, courtesy of the London Review of Books, in 2014 and 2017. I wanted to work out how I would explain to her – as much as to myself, as well as to the millions of other women who still share some of the same frustrations – just how deeply embedded in Western culture are the mechanisms that silence women, that refuse to take them seriously, and that sever them (sometimes quite literally, as we shall see) from the centres of power.

We may sincerely want them to get to the inside of it or we may, by various often unconscious means, cast women as interlopers when they make it. (I still remember a Cambridge where, in most colleges, the women’s loos were tucked away across two courts, through the passage and down the stairs in the basement: is there a message here, I wondered.) But, in every way, the shared metaphors we use of female access to power – ‘knocking on the door’, ‘storming the citadel’, ‘smashing the glass ceiling’, or just giving them a ‘leg up’ – underline female exteriority. Women in power are seen as breaking down barriers, or alternatively as taking something to which they are not quite entitled. A headline in The Times in early 2017 captured this wonderfully. Above an article reporting on the possibility that women might soon gain the positions of Metropolitan Police commissioner, chair of the BBC Unitary Board and bishop of London, it read: ‘Women Prepare for a Power Grab in church, Police and BBC.’

So far, in reflecting on power, I have followed the usual path in discussions of this kind, by focussing on national and international politics and politicians – to which we might add, for good measure, some of the standard line-up of CEOs, prominent journalists, television executives and so on. This offers a very narrow version of what power is, largely correlating it with public prestige (or in some cases public notoriety). It is very ‘high end’ in a very traditional sense, and bound up with the ‘glass ceiling’ image of power, which not only effectively positions women on the outside of power, but also imagines the female pioneer as the already successful superwoman with just a few last vestiges of male prejudice keeping her from the top. I don’t think this model speaks to most women, who, even if they are not aiming to be president of the United States or a company boss, still rightly feel that they want a stake in power.


pages: 251 words: 63,630

The End of Cheap China: Economic and Cultural Trends That Will Disrupt the World by Shaun Rein

business climate, credit crunch, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, facts on the ground, glass ceiling, high net worth, illegal immigration, income per capita, indoor plumbing, job-hopping, Maui Hawaii, price stability, quantitative easing, Silicon Valley, Skype, South China Sea, Steve Jobs, thinkpad, trade route, trickle-down economics, upwardly mobile, urban planning, women in the workforce, young professional, zero-sum game

American businessmen began reading works like A Book of Five Rings by Miyamoto Musashi and Chet Flippo’s New York Magazine article “Samurai Businessman.” Japanese companies were ruthless with the foreign companies they bought out. They quickly replaced senior management teams and instituted glass ceilings for top positions. Even today, few Japanese companies in the United States have non-Japanese senior executives. Often the gaijin they do have are mere tokens, who do not have much power internally. Soon after the explosion of the dot-com bubble, Ron, a 48-year-old Harvard Business School graduate who worked for a big Japanese bank in New York, told me, “The worst thing a high-achieving American can do is work at a Japanese firm. They put glass ceilings everywhere and you get treated like you’re inferior. Once the economy gets better, I’m out of here.” Contrast this with Chinese companies. In interviews my firm conducted with senior executives of Chinese firms, they buy foreign companies for their brand equity, technology know-how, and, most important, their modern management systems.

Further investment abroad will naturally cause more tension. CASE STUDIES WHAT TO DO AND WHAT NOT TO DO IN CHINA Do Not Fear the Chinese as the Japanese Were Feared Cash-rich Chinese companies, like state-owned Bright Food or privately owned Fosun Group, have been on buying sprees scooping up Western brands. This trend has spurred concerns in the Western world that Chinese firms will acquire companies and then fire scores of workers or implement glass ceilings, much as Japanese companies did in the 1980s with non-Japanese executives. These worries are exaggerated, because Chinese and Japanese firms view the acquisition process differently. Chinese firms tend to acquire companies to buy brands for introduction into China, to cut the time needed for building brands, and to import technological know-how and management expertise. Unlike Japanese firms, they are less likely to cut the senior management of acquired companies or block the advancement of executives who are not native Chinese.

But overall, the process will be less unsettling than acquisitions by Japanese firms in the 1980s. Key Action Item Selling to a Chinese firm might be a good way to improve company valuation yet retain key leadership positions. It will also help companies gain better distribution channels into China, which are costly and hard to build for Western firms. Before selling to a Chinese company, instead of preparing for glass ceilings or massive layoffs, you should anticipate a culture clash owing to the more hands-on management style of Chinese firms’ founders and chairmen. Chinese Go Abroad to Shop Many brands set up huge stores in China that remain devoid of shoppers, yet still report huge sales to mainland-Chinese consumers. How does that happen? The answer is simple: Chinese consumers prefer to travel abroad to shop, especially for premium and luxury items.


pages: 346 words: 97,330

Ghost Work: How to Stop Silicon Valley From Building a New Global Underclass by Mary L. Gray, Siddharth Suri

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Amazon Mechanical Turk, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, basic income, big-box store, bitcoin, blue-collar work, business process, business process outsourcing, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, cloud computing, collaborative consumption, collective bargaining, computer vision, corporate social responsibility, crowdsourcing, data is the new oil, deindustrialization, deskilling, don't be evil, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, employer provided health coverage, en.wikipedia.org, equal pay for equal work, Erik Brynjolfsson, financial independence, Frank Levy and Richard Murnane: The New Division of Labor, future of work, gig economy, glass ceiling, global supply chain, hiring and firing, ImageNet competition, industrial robot, informal economy, information asymmetry, Jeff Bezos, job automation, knowledge economy, low skilled workers, low-wage service sector, market friction, Mars Rover, natural language processing, new economy, passive income, pattern recognition, post-materialism, post-work, race to the bottom, Rana Plaza, recommendation engine, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Coase, Second Machine Age, sentiment analysis, sharing economy, Shoshana Zuboff, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, software as a service, speech recognition, spinning jenny, Stephen Hawking, The Future of Employment, The Nature of the Firm, transaction costs, two-sided market, union organizing, universal basic income, Vilfredo Pareto, women in the workforce, Works Progress Administration, Y Combinator

They tether people to specific physical locations in exchange for decent-paying work. The long hours or emotionally empty work can drain energy from projects, paid and unpaid, that they enjoy. Workers can make ghost work a navigable path out of challenging circumstances, meeting a basic need for autonomy and independence that is necessary for pursuing other interests, bigger than money.32 GLASS CEILINGS On-demand jobs offer those in the U.S. and India who face workplace discrimination—particularly historically marginalized communities, women, and people with disabilities—digital literacy, a sense of identity, respect among family, and financial independence. Women who dropped out of the workforce to care for young children face barriers when they try to return. Women in the U.S. and India come from different religious and socioeconomic backgrounds, educational levels, and social roles, but women in the two countries share similar challenges in receiving fair pay and recognition for their contributions in the workplace, at the same time that they, paradoxically, go unpaid for their irreplaceable work as caregivers in their households.33 Kumuda, 34, is a Hindu mother of two who lives in Chennai, a coastal city in Tamil Nadu.

She happily moved her family to Berkeley, California, to work as a full-time employee in the company’s main offices. She describes LeadGenius as an incredible and inclusive workplace. Despite being a world apart, Danelle and Kumuda both show how on-demand labor can have a transformative effect not only on workers themselves but also on their families. But it’s not just women like Kumuda who face glass ceilings. People who had faced discrimination in the workplace because of disability, sexual orientation, or gender identity reported that on-demand work was a way to avoid harassment from co-workers with more seniority or power over them. Lakshya, 34, was in an auto rickshaw accident years ago that left him paralyzed from the waist down. He lives with his immediate and extended family in a lavishly furnished home, in a well-established East Delhi neighborhood.

See college education demographics, on-demand employment Amara, 29 LeadGenius, 23–24, 224 n27 MTurk, 3–4, 10, 11, 126 UHRS, 18, 19 Upwork, 169 Department of Labor, 11, 168 design flaws, 91–93 Diane, 78–79 Dietterich, Tom, xx–xxi, 220 n15 Digital Divide, 162 disability captioning for, xxix, 28, 152–55, 225 n29 on-demand work perceived as, xxx employment, 113–17, 175 insurance for, 60 laws pertaining to, 237 n35 discrimination APIs, 172 collaboration, 135–37 digital access, 161–62 glass ceilings, 113–17 marital status, 53–54 skin color, 226 n3 slavery, 40–41, 226 n2 See also women disenfranchisement, 86 Disney, scheduling, 100 “dollars for dicks,” x DoorDash, 157–58, 162, 189 double bottom line, 140–65 Amara and, 153–55 defined, 141 by design, 148–52, 240 n9 Good Work Code, 156–58 overview of, 140–43 peer-to-peer sharing company, 155–56 platform cooperatives, 158–59 shortcomings of, 159–63 vs single bottom line, 144–47 social entrepreneurship and, 147 tragedy of the commons, 164–65 driver-partners (Uber), 145–46, 240 n5 Dynamo, 136–37 E Economic Policy Institute, xxv education college, xxix, 50, 97, 98, 101, 190 recommendations for, 190 requirement of, 10, 161–62 skill development, 110–13 for women, 114 See also training empathy, 184–85 employees.


pages: 241 words: 78,508

Lean In: Women, Work, and the Will to Lead by Sheryl Sandberg

affirmative action, business process, Cass Sunstein, constrained optimization, experimental economics, fear of failure, gender pay gap, glass ceiling, job satisfaction, labor-force participation, longitudinal study, Mark Zuckerberg, meta analysis, meta-analysis, old-boy network, Richard Thaler, risk tolerance, Silicon Valley, social graph, women in the workforce, young professional

A dozen eggs have gone up ten times that amount.”11 I have watched these disheartening events from a front-row seat. I graduated from college in 1991 and from business school in 1995. In each entry-level job after graduation, my colleagues were a balanced mix of male and female. I saw that the senior leaders were almost entirely male, but I thought that was due to historical discrimination against women. The proverbial glass ceiling had been cracked in almost every industry, and I believed that it was just a matter of time until my generation took our fair share of the leadership roles. But with each passing year, fewer and fewer of my colleagues were women. More and more often, I was the only woman in the room. Being the sole woman has resulted in some awkward yet revealing situations. Two years after I joined Facebook as chief operating officer, our chief financial officer departed suddenly, and I had to step in to complete a funding round.

Also, of the executives who said they had reduced their aspirations (25 percent), women did so more than men (34 percent of women compared to 21 percent of men). The most frequently cited reason for reducing aspiration was the same for both men and women—67 percent said a very important reason was “the sacrifices I would have to make in my personal or family life.” It’s also important to note that women who think little progress has been made in breaking through the glass ceiling are more likely to have reduced their aspirations than women who think progress has occurred. See Families and Work Institute, Catalyst, Center for Work & Family at Boston College, Leaders in a Global Economy: A Study of Executive Women and Men (January 2003), 4, http://​www.​catalyst.​org/​publication/​80/​leaders-​in-​a-​global-​economy-​a-​study-​of-​executive-​women-​and-​men. A 2003 study examining the career aspirations of business students found that 81 percent of the men but only 67 percent of the women aspire to top management positions.

Sponsors hold senior positions and use their influence and power to advocate on behalf of their mentee, such as pushing to get the mentee a stretch assignment or a promotion. For a discussion of the differences between mentoring and sponsoring, see Herminia Ibarra, Nancy M. Carter, and Christine Silva, “Why Men Still Get More Promotions than Women,” Harvard Business Review 88, no. 9 (2010): 80–85; and Sylvia Ann Hewlett et al., The Sponsor Effect: Breaking Through the Last Glass Ceiling, a Harvard Business Review Research Report (December 2010): 5–7. 2. Studies have found that people who are mentored and sponsored report having more career success (such as higher compensation, a greater number of promotions, greater career and job satisfaction, and more career commitment). See Tammy D. Allen et al., “Career Benefits Associated with Mentoring for Protégés: A Meta-Analysis,” Journal of Applied Psychology 89, no. 1 (2004): 127–36.


pages: 458 words: 134,028

Microtrends: The Small Forces Behind Tomorrow's Big Changes by Mark Penn, E. Kinney Zalesne

addicted to oil, affirmative action, Albert Einstein, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, big-box store, call centre, corporate governance, David Brooks, Donald Trump, extreme commuting, Exxon Valdez, feminist movement, glass ceiling, God and Mammon, Gordon Gekko, haute couture, hygiene hypothesis, illegal immigration, immigration reform, index card, Isaac Newton, job satisfaction, labor-force participation, late fees, life extension, low cost airline, low skilled workers, mobile money, new economy, RAND corporation, Renaissance Technologies, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Rubik’s Cube, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Superbowl ad, the payments system, Thomas L Friedman, upwardly mobile, uranium enrichment, urban renewal, War on Poverty, white picket fence, women in the workforce, Y2K

(Imagine trying to sell your fraternity brother on a blind date with a minister.) More generally, even those religions that admit women clergy seem to resist their playing too large a role. There is a widely observed phenomenon among women clergy—known as the Stained Glass Ceiling—that while they finish their training in numbers equal to or greater than men, they rise in congregational work far more slowly. To this day, a very large congregation—in any religion—led solely by a woman is almost unknown. Some say it’s just a matter of time until women clergy break through the Stained Glass Ceiling. They have made solid progress in other professions—especially word-oriented ones—and this field might just be taking longer, in part because the First Amendment bars recourse to anti-discrimination laws. (Which is why, with impunity, male pastors can ban women from their profession by just saying: “When Adam followed the leadership of his wife and ate the forbidden fruit, look where it led.”)

The Twelve name and logo are trademarks of Hachette Book Group, Inc. First eBook Edition: September 2007 ISBN: 978-0-446-40206-4 Contents Copyright Introduction PART I: Love, Sex, and Relationships Sex-Ratio Singles Cougars Office Romancers Commuter Couples Internet Marrieds PART II: Work Life Working Retired Extreme Commuters Stay-at-Home Workers Wordy Women Ardent Amazons PART III: Race and Religion Stained Glass Ceiling Breakers Pro-Semites Interracial Families Protestant Hispanics Moderate Muslims PART IV: Health and Wellness Sun-Haters 30-Winkers Southpaws Unbound DIY Doctors Hard-of-Hearers PART V: Family Life Old New Dads Pet Parents Pampering Parents Late-Breaking Gays Dutiful Sons PART VI: Politics Impressionable Elites Swing Is Still King Militant Illegals Christian Zionists Newly Released Ex-Cons PART VII: Teens The Mildly Disordered Young Knitters Black Teen Idols High School Moguls Aspiring Snipers PART VIII: Food, Drink, and Diet Vegan Children A Disproportionate Burden Starving for Life Caffeine Crazies PART IX: Lifestyle Long Attention Spanners Neglected Dads Native Language Speakers Unisexuals PART X: Money and Class Second-Home Buyers Modern Mary Poppinses Shy Millionaires Bourgeois and Bankrupt Non-Profiteers PART XI: Looks and Fashion Uptown Tattooed Snowed-Under Slobs Surgery Lovers Powerful Petites PART XII: Technology Social Geeks New Luddites Tech Fatales Car-Buying Soccer Moms PART XIII: Leisure and Entertainment Archery Moms?

The women who choose these new paths love them and are becoming their own distinctive group—strong, proud, intense, and leading the way for others to follow. Twenty-five years ago, we had a national debate on the Equal Rights Amendment, and one of the big arguments against it was that women might have to serve in the armed forces or be police officers. Today’s Ardent Amazons are proving what a silly debate that was. PART III Race and Religion Stained Glass Ceiling Breakers A final trend about women at work. Women may be poised to dominate America’s word-based professions, like journalism, public relations, and law, but women’s preeminence gets more complicated when it comes to professions regarding The Word. In the last two decades, the number of female clergy in America has more than tripled. Women students in divinity school just passed 51 percent.


pages: 320 words: 90,526

Squeezed: Why Our Families Can't Afford America by Alissa Quart

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, Automated Insights, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, basic income, Bernie Sanders, business intelligence, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, East Village, Elon Musk, full employment, future of work, gig economy, glass ceiling, haute couture, income inequality, Jaron Lanier, job automation, late capitalism, Lyft, minimum wage unemployment, moral panic, new economy, nuclear winter, obamacare, Ponzi scheme, post-work, precariat, price mechanism, rent control, ride hailing / ride sharing, school choice, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, Snapchat, surplus humans, TaskRabbit, Travis Kalanick, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, union organizing, universal basic income, upwardly mobile, wages for housework, women in the workforce, working poor

In Squeezed, you will meet a professor on food stamps in Chicago, an unemployed restaurant manager in Boston, and a nanny in New York City betrayed by the American Dream, and you will even hear about pharmacists who lost their jobs to a robot in Pittsburgh. They are people on the brink who did everything “right,” and yet the math of their family lives is simply not adding up. Some are just getting by. For others, something happened and they tumbled down and never got back up. For mothers in particular, this situation can be something I call the “class ceiling,” the intersection of the “glass ceiling” that stymies workingwomen’s careers and the result of the myriad injuries of social class. This book hopefully illuminates the lives of the struggling middle class and offers strategies that may help. As these families struggle to preserve, or even simply to attain, a middle-class life, they do so in spite of, not because of, today’s America. Here are their stories. 1 Inconceivable Pregnant and Squeezed It should have been her heyday.

This legislation got only part of the way there because it offered a limited vocabulary for describing discrimination itself. As a lawyer, Nanau herself had seen that “employers know how to build paper trails” around female workers who complained; she had seen how they used these paper trails to defeat women’s cases. This is part of what the legal philosopher Joan Williams calls the “maternal wall,” a spatial metaphor that, when attached to the proverbial “glass ceiling,” virtually imprisons female workers. The pregnant worker, in other words, is subject to several different biases that stem, at least partly, from the disregard for our private lives shown by our workplaces and, at times, our employers. The result: working mothers are regularly asked to cleave themselves, separating the leaky processes of birth and early child-rearing from their careers. What changes might protect the squeezed female worker?

sociologist Erving Goffman: Goffman uses the term “covering” to describe the behaviors or strategies an individual uses to manage stigmas. Goffman, Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity (New York: Touchstone, 1986). legal scholars Deborah L. Brake and Joanna L. Grossman: Deborah L. Brake and Joanna L. Grossman, “Unprotected Sex: The Pregnancy Discrimination Act at 35,” Duke Journal of Gender Law and Policy 21 (2013): 67. Joan Williams calls the “maternal wall”: Joan C. Williams, “The Glass Ceiling and the Maternal Wall in Academia,” New Directions for Higher Education 130 (2005): 91. CHAPTER 2 Coverage for a child: “Medicaid and CHIP Eligibility Levels,” Medicaid, April 2016, https://www.medicaid.gov/medicaid/program-information/medicaid-and-chip-eligibility-levels/index.html. rose from 9,776 to 33,655: These numbers were calculated by a senior researcher with the Urban Institute. This proportion was 8 percent: Hope Yen, “Which Group Now Receives the Most Food Stamps in U.S.?”


Frommer's Denver, Boulder & Colorado Springs by Eric Peterson

airport security, Columbine, glass ceiling, life extension, Maui Hawaii, Ronald Reagan, Skype, sustainable-tourism, transcontinental railway, upwardly mobile, young professional

See p. 191. 2 BEST HOTEL BETS • Best Historic Hotels: From its spacious, well-appointed lobby to the richly polished wood of its elegant Victorian and almost whimsical Art Deco rooms, the Brown Palace Hotel, 321 17th St., Denver (& 800/321-2599 or 303/297-3111), has an air of sophistication, refinement, and class. The Brown has operated continuously since August 1892. See p. 59. A handsome downtown establishment, the Hotel Boulderado, 2115 13th St., Boulder (& 800/433-4344 or 303/442-4344), has been skillfully renovated and restored. It retains its original Otis elevator, lovely leaded-glass ceiling, and spectacular cherrywood staircase, which caused quite a stir when the hotel opened in 1909. See p. 130. Designed by New York City architects in the Italian Renaissance style, The Broadmoor, Lake Circle, at Lake Avenue, Colorado Springs (& 800/6347711 or 719/634-7711), opened in 1918. Colorado’s most elegant and best-preserved hotel of the era, it’s filled with objets d’art from around the world, including Oriental art from the Ming and Tsin dynasties and a huge carved wooden bar from an 1800s British pub.

The Two Sisters Inn, 10 Otoe Place, Manitou Springs, outside Colorado Springs (& 800/2SISINN or 719/6859684), offers a cozy honeymoon cottage complete with fresh flowers, a big feather bed, a gas log fireplace, and lots of privacy. What more could you ask for? See p. 182. • Best Hotel Lobbies for Pretending You’re Rich: The lobby of the Brown Palace Hotel (Denver; see address and telephone above) features walls of Mexican onyx and a floor of white marble. The elaborate cast-iron grillwork surrounding the six tiers of balconies draws your eye to the stained-glass ceiling. Luncheon and afternoon tea are served in the lobby nearly every day. When it opened in 1918, the first guests at The Broadmoor (Colorado Springs; see address and telephone above) were millionaire John D. Rockefeller, Jr., and his party. When surrounded by priceless 17th-century art, it’s easy to imagine yourself mingling with the wealthy, reading the financial 12/19/08 11:39:35 PM 7 1 BEST HOTEL BETS 05_382288-ch01.indd 7 telephone above): It offers 24-hour room service, a concierge, in-room massage, valet laundry, a shuttle bus between buildings, and a multitude of recreational activities, as well as almost anything else you might ask for. • Best Bed-and-Breakfast: A great location, striking art, and modern convenience make The Bradley, 2020 16th St., Boulder (& 800/858-5811 or 303/545-5200), one of my very favorite B&Bs on the Front Range.

It combines great rooms and amenities with the intangibles: interesting history, romantic atmosphere, regional personality, and impeccable service. A National Historic Landmark, the Brown Palace has operated continuously since it opened in 1892. Designed with an odd triangular shape by the renowned architect Frank Edbrooke, it was built of Colorado red granite and Arizona sandstone. The lobby’s walls are paneled with Mexican onyx, and elaborate cast-iron grillwork surrounds six tiers of balconies up to the stained-glass ceiling. Every president since 1905 (except Calvin Coolidge) has visited the hotel, and Dwight Eisenhower made the Brown his home away from the White House. His former room, now known as the Eisenhower Suite, is a vision of stately elegance, with a preserved dent in the fireplace trim that is the alleged result of an errant golf swing. There are also lavish, unique suites named after Teddy Roosevelt, Ronald Reagan, and The Beatles.


pages: 352 words: 96,692

Celebration of Fools: An Inside Look at the Rise and Fall of JCPenney by Bill Hare

business climate, glass ceiling, haute couture, haute cuisine, McMansion, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, walking around money, women in the workforce

Such an event usually happens because someone a step or two lower on the ladder had a passionate belief in the message. She (in this case) also had a vested interest in having the words come spilling out of the boss's mouth. And, as the reader will continue to see, she certainly had the political acumen to bring off this event. Gale Duff-Bloom, in fact, will become one of the principal figures in this book. She was a woman who seemed to break through the glass ceiling and for a while become one of the best modern Penney executives. As usually happens between concept and delivery of such a speech, Duff-Bloom became somewhat distanced from the project after the completion of the writing process while a cadre of mostly anonymous staffers took over the coordination, PR, graphics development, and audiovisual aspects. These people would see little more than continued employment if the presentation worked.

New assignments were almost never in familiar areas, the better (so it was felt) to eventually grasp the totality of what made JCPenney tick. Along the way, she was expected to behave ethically and expect the same from her peers and superiors. The conduct of business by all parties to it would be according to the Golden Rule, which, all associates knew, had actually been the name of James Cash Penney's first stores. Yes, there was a double standard in this life. A glass ceiling was firmly in place. But there were several people, including some bright and brave women, determined to change that. Also, despite the best of intentions, the ills affecting corporate America in general were also visited upon the J. C. Penney Company, where, as at all other companies, human beings with weaknesses were running things. However, through cross-corporate meetings, conferences, and trade shows over the years, Duff-Bloom had become convinced that Penney was still the most upright and honest of all the major American businesses.

Yet, this would require an inspired and well-orchestrated campaign to achieve high evaluations against a range of demanding criteria. Among the considerations were measurable results, accountability, and senior-level leadership. Howell, therefore, was priority number one. His backing of the Catalyst pursuit would prevent executive obfuscation of measurable results. Same for accountability. No matter who you were, you'd be in trouble if women were reeling from glass ceiling concussions in your area. Most important of all was the fact that W. R. alone was JCPenney's senior-level leadership. This totally negated the fact that most of the boys hated the very idea of the Catalyst campaign, let alone the possibility of actually winning the damned award. With Howell's approval, the others could jump up and down like Rumpelstiltskin until the floor buckled and it couldn't matter less.


Lonely Planet Pocket Barcelona by Lonely Planet, Anthony Ham

Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, young professional

The soaring interior of Església de Santa Maria del Mar KRZYSZTOF DYDYNSKI/LONELY PLANET IMAGES © Don’t Miss Main Sanctuary The pleasing unity of form and symmetry of the church’s central nave and two flanking aisles owes much to the rapidity with which it was built in the 14th century – a mere 59 years, which must be a record for a major European house of worship. The slender, octagonal pillars create an enormous sense of lateral space bathed in the light of stained glass. Ceiling & Side Chapels Even before anarchists gutted the church in 1909 and again in 1936, Santa Maria always lacked superfluous decoration. Gone are the gilded chapels that weigh heavily over many Spanish churches, while the splashes of colour high above the nave are subtle – unusually and beautifully so. It all serves to highlight the church’s fine proportions, purity of line and sense of space.

Sights 1 Palau de la Música Catalana Notable Building Offline map Google map The Palace of Catalan Music drips with all the fevered imagination that Modernista architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner could muster. Finished in 1908, this World Heritage gem remains an enchanting concert setting. The exterior and foyer are opulent, but these are nothing compared with the interior of the main auditorium. Fifty-minute tours run every half-hour. (www.palaumusica.org; Carrer del Palau de la Música 4-6; tours adult/child/concession €12/free/10; 10am-6pm Aug, 10am-3.30pm Sep-Jul; Urquinaona) Glass ceiling of the Palau de la Música Catalana CARLOS RIOS/ALAMY © 2 Mercat de Santa Caterina Market Offline map Google map Though it lacks the clamour of the Mercat de la Boqueria, this 21st-century produce market with its undulating, polychrome-tiled roof is an atmospheric place to stop for lunch or shop for fresh produce and gourmet products. Local architect Enric Miralles designed it on the site of its 19th-century predecessor, which itself replaced a medieval Dominican monastery.


pages: 504 words: 129,087

The Ones We've Been Waiting For: How a New Generation of Leaders Will Transform America by Charlotte Alter

"side hustle", 4chan, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, basic income, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, carbon footprint, clean water, collective bargaining, Columbine, corporate personhood, correlation does not imply causation, Credit Default Swap, crowdsourcing, David Brooks, Donald Trump, double helix, East Village, ending welfare as we know it, Fall of the Berlin Wall, feminist movement, Ferguson, Missouri, financial deregulation, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, gig economy, glass ceiling, Google Hangouts, housing crisis, illegal immigration, immigration reform, income inequality, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), job-hopping, Kevin Kelly, knowledge economy, Lyft, mandatory minimum, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, mass incarceration, McMansion, medical bankruptcy, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Nate Silver, obamacare, Occupy movement, passive income, pre–internet, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, Silicon Valley, single-payer health, Snapchat, TaskRabbit, too big to fail, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, universal basic income, unpaid internship, We are the 99%, white picket fence, working poor, Works Progress Administration

“And today, whenever I find myself feeling doubtful or cynical about this possibility, what gives me the most hope is the next generation—the young people whose attitudes and beliefs and openness to change have already made history in this election.” As the words floated through the Constitution Center, Eric was outside, his button-down shirt soaked in sweat, unloading an enormous U-Haul full of nearly identical black suitcases. On June 7, 2008, Hillary withdrew from the campaign, telling her cheering supporters that she was proud to have put “eighteen million cracks” in the glass ceiling. A few weeks later, Haley emailed Hillary’s top aide Huma Abedin that she would be leaving before the convention to try to help Obama win. “I love you guys,” she said, “but I really want to finish this off.” * * * Haley got a job working for vice presidential nominee Joe Biden doing the same thing she did for Hillary: finding the relevant facts, assembling them in the book, making sure Biden had it when he needed it.

She ended her closing statement in the debate with “I hope to bring new ideas, and a new generation of leadership with fresh energy and independent approaches.” She won. Elise delivered her acceptance speech wearing a blue jacket, a red manicure, and white pearls. At thirty, she was then the youngest woman ever elected to Congress. She said her victory would “add an additional crack to the glass ceiling for future generations of women.” Then she thanked her opponents with a bipartisan generosity that would be hard to find just two years later. “No matter their party, our democratic process is strengthened by those individuals willing to put forth their ideas, and with the courage to put their name on the ballot,” she said. When Elise first arrived on Capitol Hill in 2015 she was sometimes mistaken for an intern or a spouse.

In hours, they thought, a woman would finally be elected president of the United States. The Javits Center, the largest event space in Manhattan, glittered like an enormous prism. It was decked out in wall-to-wall Americana for the tentatively scheduled historic programming. The ceiling was made of glass, which would have made for lovely symbolism had Hillary Clinton won. Nobody mentioned that the glass ceiling was reinforced with steel beams. * * * Elise Stefanik knew exactly what was going to happen. Her upstate New York district was peppered with Trump signs, most of them handmade. She spent September and October crisscrossing her district campaigning for reelection, and saw only two Hillary Clinton signs the whole time. She couldn’t understand why the media was pretending that Hillary Clinton was inevitable.


pages: 259 words: 94,135

Spacewalker: My Journey in Space and Faith as NASA's Record-Setting Frequent Flyer by Jerry Lynn Ross, John Norberg

Charles Lindbergh, glass ceiling, low earth orbit, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live

CONTENTS F O R E W O R D Ix Eugene A. Cernan P R O L O G U E xII Jim Gentleman O N E 1 Sputnik, a mouse, and blackberry pie T W O 29 “Look to your left and look to your right” T H R E E 51 “My daddy is an astronaut . . .” F O U R 79 The no-names F I V E 105 Liftoff! We have liftoff! S I x 139 “Obviously a major malfunction” S E V E N 175 Two more boarding passes E I G H T 195 The John Young glass ceiling N I N E 217 “Lock the doors” T E N 235 Blessed, happy, thankful . . . and surprised! T I M E L I N E 247 I N D E x 251 FOREWORD I n the spring of 1961, I was a young US Navy officer when President John F. Kennedy challenged the people of the United States to look to the Moon. It changed my life. But more than my life, it changed the nation. It changed all of us. It wasn’t just a call to land a man on the Moon and return him safely to Earth.

But Bob didn’t hold it against me. In fact, about six months later he assigned me to STS-88, the mission that would start the International Space Station assembly. I was going to do spacewalks again. And this time, instead of doing two EVAs like I had on previous missions, we would be doing three. I was elated! But little did I know that my astronaut career would soon be going to the dogs. eight The John Young glass ceiling Some astronauts have neat nicknames—Gus Grissom, Deke Slayton, Gordo Cooper, Buzz Aldrin, Hoot Gibson. On my sixth mission, STS-88, I picked up a nickname, but I am glad it didn’t stick. Not only did I get a strange nickname, but to my surprise, my experience working on Scott’s car came in handy. Bob Cabana was our commander. Bob’s first flight had been STS 53 in 1992, with Commander Dave Walker, a sandy redhead who was known throughout his Navy career as “Red Flash.”

I didn’t want another flight just to break a record, but I wasn’t ready to retire or go on to something else with NASA. I wanted to fly again. In my heart, I was an astronaut and a spacewalker, and there was an International Space Station to assemble. I wanted to continue doing what I loved. By this time, former STS-55 crewmate Charlie Precourt was Chief of the Astronaut Office. After I came home from STS-88, I went to Charlie’s office to find out if NASA had a John Young glass ceiling. Charlie said he didn’t have any restrictions, so I requested that he check with Mr. Abbey. I wanted to find out if there was something higher up limiting astronauts to six flights. Charlie came back and told me there was no ceiling, so I told him I wanted to stick around in the Astronaut Office and try for more flights. He pointed out there were only so many flights, and there were a lot of qualified people.


pages: 321 words: 92,258

Lift: Fitness Culture, From Naked Greeks and Acrobats to Jazzercise and Ninja Warriors by Daniel Kunitz

barriers to entry, creative destruction, feminist movement, glass ceiling, Islamic Golden Age, mental accounting, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Upton Sinclair, Works Progress Administration

Dworkin spent two years interviewing women at various gyms in Los Angeles, and most of them, even those who used weights, expressed concerns about “getting big” and looking too masculine, “like a female bodybuilder.” Assessing these responses, Dworkin concluded that social norms (and thus both men and women) impose a “glass ceiling on women’s muscular strength,” and that women are engaged in a “conscious struggle with what constitutes an acceptable upper limit on women’s strength and size.” There can be no doubt that NFF practices have yet to shatter the glass ceiling; that outmoded assumptions continue to define the upper limit of strength and muscularity for most women. But it is equally true that, since Dworkin’s study was published, the ceiling has been raised considerably, and the struggle with it has eased. Every day I meet women like Stacey, a woman in her early thirties who “used to want to be petite and dainty, to take up as little space as possible in the world,” until she began weight training.

Economist, December 19, 2002. Danna, Sam. “The 97-Pound Weakling Who Became ‘The World’s Most Perfectly Developed Man.’ ” Iron Game History 4, no. 4 (1996): 3–16. de la Peña, Carolyn. “Dudley Allen Sargent: Health Machines and the Energized Male Body.” Iron Game History 8, no. 2 (2003): 3–19. Diem, Carl. “Physical Culture in Ancient Egypt.” Olympic Review, 1938. Dworkin, Shari L. “ ‘Holding Back’: Negotiating a Glass Ceiling on Women’s Muscular Strength.” Sociological Perspectives 44, no. 3 (2001): 333–51. Eskes, Tina B., Margaret Carlisle Duncan, and Eleanor M. Miller. “The Discourse of Empowerment.” Journal of Sport & Social Issues 22, no. 3 (1998): 317–44. Fair, John D. “Bob Hoffman, the York Barbell Company, and the Golden Age of American Weightlifting, 1945–1960.” Journal of Sport History 14, no. 2 (1987): 164–88. .


pages: 382 words: 100,127

The Road to Somewhere: The Populist Revolt and the Future of Politics by David Goodhart

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, agricultural Revolution, assortative mating, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, borderless world, Boris Johnson, Branko Milanovic, Bretton Woods, British Empire, call centre, capital controls, carbon footprint, central bank independence, centre right, coherent worldview, corporate governance, credit crunch, deglobalization, deindustrialization, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, Edward Glaeser, en.wikipedia.org, Etonian, European colonialism, eurozone crisis, falling living standards, first-past-the-post, gender pay gap, gig economy, glass ceiling, global supply chain, global village, illegal immigration, income inequality, informal economy, job satisfaction, knowledge economy, labour market flexibility, low skilled workers, market friction, mass immigration, mittelstand, Neil Kinnock, New Urbanism, non-tariff barriers, North Sea oil, obamacare, old-boy network, open borders, Peter Singer: altruism, post-industrial society, post-materialism, postnationalism / post nation state, race to the bottom, Richard Florida, Ronald Reagan, selection bias, shareholder value, Skype, Sloane Ranger, stem cell, Thomas L Friedman, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, ultimatum game, upwardly mobile, wages for housework, white flight, women in the workforce, working poor, working-age population, World Values Survey

The paper does, however, detect some continuing cultural/social bias in the fact that those who enter elite jobs from non-higher professional backgrounds end up earning significantly less, so are presumably not reaching the very top of the tree. (Similarly, for the growing ethnic minority middle class there is evidence of clustering at the bottom of the top, see the Policy Exchange report ‘Bittersweet Success’ on glass ceilings for ethnic minorities.)11 It may indeed be the case that the longer-term trend is for high levels of social mobility—both absolute and relative—to become ever harder to achieve, particularly at the very top and in the long tail at the bottom. Social mobility has always been ‘sticky’ downwards—once people reach a certain level of wealth, or position, their children tend not to fall back too far; this was true even in the Soviet bloc.

, Ipsos MORI, 19 January 2004, https://www.ipsos-mori.com/researchpublications/researcharchive/792/Can-We-Have-Trust-And-Diversity-8212-Topline-Results.aspx 15.ONS dataset: ‘Population of the United Kingdom by Country of Birth and Nationality’, https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/internationalmigration/datasets/populationoftheunitedkingdombycountryofbirthandnationality 16.Shamit Saggar, Richard Norrie, Michelle Bannister and David Goodhart, Bittersweet Success? Glass ceilings for Britain’s ethinc minorities at the top of business and the professions, Policy Exchange, November 2016, https://policyexchange.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/PEXJ5011_Bittersweet_Success_1116_WEB.pdf 17.ONS, ‘Migration Statistics Quarterly Report, August 2016’, http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/internationalmigration/bulletins/migrationstatisticsquarterlyreport/august2016 18.ONS dataset: ‘Population of the United Kingdom by Country of Birth and Nationality’, https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/internationalmigration/datasets/populationoftheunitedkingdombycountryofbirthandnationality 19.One insider told me that senior Labour figures knew that arrival estimates were too low but thought the fact that the new arrivals were white and European would mean little friction. 20.Geoffrey Evans and Yekaterina Chzhen, Explaining Voters’ Defection from Labour over the 2005–10 Electoral Cycle: Leadership, Economics and the Rising Importance of Immigration’, ‘https://www.researchgate.net/publication/264638473_Explaining_Voters%27_Defection_from_Labour_over_the_2005–10_Electoral_Cycle_Leadership_Economics_and_the_Rising_Importance_of_Immigration 21.ONS, ‘Long-Term International Migration’, http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20160105160709/http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/migration1/long-term-international-migration/index.html 22.ONS, ‘Migration Statistics Quarterly Report: August 2016’, 25 August 2016 (figure refers to non-EEA nationals), http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/internationalmigration/bulletins/migrationstatisticsquarterlyreport/august2016 23.A community worker from Leicester recently argued to me that the city was well integrated on the grounds that it had experienced no significant race riots. 24.See Geoff Dench, Minorities in the Open Society, Transaction Publishers, 1986, which should be a better-known book. 25.Frans Timmermans, ‘The EU can help Europeans rediscover the ties that bind us’, New Statesman, 23 May 2016, http://www.newstatesman.com/politics/staggers/2016/05/eu-can-help-europeans-rediscoverties-bind-us 26.Dame Louise Casey, ‘The Casey Review: A Review into Opportunity and Integration’, December 2016, https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/575973/The_Casey_Review_Report.pdf 27.Friendship figures from YouGov, ‘Why we like migrants but not immigration’, 2 March 2015, https://yougov.co.uk/news/2015/03/02/why-we-like-migrants-not-immigration/ 28.Integration Hub, ‘Residential Patterns’, www.integrationhub.net 29.Census 2011, Table DC6205EW, Economic activity by religion, by sex, by age, https://www.ons.gov.uk/census/2011census 30.ICM Unlimited survey for Channel 4 programme ‘What Muslims really think’, 11 April 2016. 31.

‘EMP11: Employment by socio-economic classification’, Office for National Statistics, 16 November 2016, https://www.ons.gov.uk/employmentandlabourmarket/peopleinwork/employmentandemployeetypes/datasets/employmentbysocioeconomicclassificationemp11 9.Rosa Prince, ‘David Willets: feminism has held back working men’, The Telegraph, 1 April 2011, www.telegraph.co.uk/education/educationnews/8420098/David-Willets-feminism-has-held-back-working-men.html 10.Daniel Laurison and Sam Friedman, ‘Introducing the Class Ceiling: Social Mobility and Britain’s Elite Occupations’, http://www.lse.ac.uk/sociology/pdf/Working-Paper_Introducing-the-Class-Ceiling.pdf 11.Shamit Saggar, Richard Norrie, Michelle Bannister and David Goodhart, ‘Bittersweet Success? Glass Ceilings for Britain’s Ethnic Minorities at the Top of Business and the Professions’, Policy Exchange, November 2016, https://policyexchange.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/PEXJ5011_Bittersweet_Success_1116_WEB.pdf 12.Alison Wolf, The XX Factor: How Working Women are Creating a New Society, New York: Crown Publishing, 2013. 13.David Goodhart, ‘They’re wrong—social mobility is not going downhill’, The Sunday Times, 26 July 2009, http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/politics/article6727099.ece 8.WHAT ABOUT THE FAMILY?


The Pirate's Dilemma by Matt Mason

"side hustle", Albert Einstein, augmented reality, barriers to entry, citizen journalism, creative destruction, don't be evil, Donald Trump, Douglas Engelbart, East Village, Firefox, future of work, glass ceiling, global village, Hacker Ethic, haute couture, Howard Rheingold, Internet of things, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, jimmy wales, job satisfaction, John Markoff, Joseph Schumpeter, Kickstarter, Lao Tzu, Marshall McLuhan, means of production, Naomi Klein, new economy, New Urbanism, patent troll, peer-to-peer, prisoner's dilemma, RAND corporation, RFID, Richard Florida, Richard Stallman, SETI@home, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, Tim Cook: Apple, urban sprawl, Whole Earth Catalog

They don’t need the stuff like that, y’know? So it was a movement that was happening that nobody else realized. It was us starting to empower ourselves.” The story of hip-hop is one of a new generation empowering itself by taking down the mainstream from the inside, and the next turn Team FUBU would take was classic hip-hop. By the midnineties FUBU was doing well but found itself stuck under a glass ceiling, unable to get distribution in many mainstream stores. This ceiling was cracked by hat number three, worn by John’s old friend and unofficial ambassador for FUBU: LL Cool J. FUBU was one of the first clothing lines to spring from the font of hip-hop culture, but by the midnineties many brands had caught on to the movement’s power as a marketing tool. So it was no surprise when in 1997 the Gap hired LL Cool J to do a TV spot, kitted out in Gap clothing.

In their mind it’s like, ‘Who gives a fuck?’” With cameras rolling and music booming, LL launched into his thirty-second freestyle as required, dropping watertight rhymes. None of the ad execs saw anything out of the ordinary when he turned and looked directly into the camera, the FUBU logo on his hat clearly visible, finishing his verse with this line: For Us, By Us, on the down low. The ad shattered FUBU’s glass ceiling, not to mention a few ad execs’ careers. “What he was saying to every hip kid in America was 180 | THE PIRATE’S DILEMMA this is a FUBU commercial, and I’m slipping it in here and they don’t even know,” says John. “It was like the Freemasons’ sign. It took Gap about a month to find out. When they did, they pulled the commercial, fired the agency and a lot of people at the Gap because of it. A year later, they come to find out that sales at Gap to African Americans had gone up by some astronomical number, because people were going to the Gap because that’s where they thought our goods were!

A year later, they come to find out that sales at Gap to African Americans had gone up by some astronomical number, because people were going to the Gap because that’s where they thought our goods were! They reran the commercials after that, and it aired for a long period of time.” Team FUBU is now a multimillion-dollar brand playing in the big leagues. It grossed an estimated $370 million in 2006, and it operates in more than five thousand stores in some twenty-six countries. The glass ceiling is a distant memory, but FUBU has continued to grow by operating on the down low—stenciling FUBU graffiti onto storefront shutters, transmitting more Trojan horse–like commercials inside other companies’ ad campaigns,* and even recording and releasing FUBU-branded albums with the artists who helped them build the label. FUBU is a classic hip-hop success story. Like hip-hop, FUBU is a grassroots D.I.Y. outfit that came up from the streets, remixing existing media into its own pirate material and forging a strong authentic connection with a massive audience.


pages: 575 words: 171,599

The Billionaire's Apprentice: The Rise of the Indian-American Elite and the Fall of the Galleon Hedge Fund by Anita Raghavan

airport security, Asian financial crisis, asset allocation, Bernie Madoff, British Empire, business intelligence, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collateralized debt obligation, corporate governance, delayed gratification, estate planning, Etonian, glass ceiling, high net worth, kremlinology, locking in a profit, Long Term Capital Management, Marc Andreessen, mass immigration, McMansion, medical residency, Menlo Park, new economy, old-boy network, Ponzi scheme, risk tolerance, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, short selling, Silicon Valley, sovereign wealth fund, stem cell, technology bubble, too big to fail

Gupta’s election in March 1994 to the position of global managing director was a watershed in the history of sixty-eight-year-old McKinsey. By electing an Indian to its helm, McKinsey left no doubt that the firm was confidently embracing a diverse and global future and turning its back on a homogeneous past. Gupta always made it clear that he thought the criticism McKinsey received for being too patrician was overblown. “Did I ever find a glass ceiling?” he rhetorically asked years later. “I never found a glass ceiling partly because McKinsey is a truly meritocratic institution and partly because most glass ceilings are people in their minds, rather than true.” Despite the obvious symbolism of McKinsey having a non-American at its helm, Gupta’s rise was important for another less-talked-about reason. At forty-five, Gupta was a member of McKinsey’s up-and-coming new guard. Having received Marvin Bower’s blessing in Scandinavia, he was the perfect person to bridge the chasm between the two generations.

“It strained the fabric of the place”: John Huey, “How McKinsey Does It: The World’s Most Powerful Consulting Firm Commands Unrivaled Respect—and Prices—but Is Being Buffeted by a Host of New Challenges,” Fortune, November 1, 1993. “By the end of the 80s, there was a growing group within the firm that felt the pendulum swung too far: Email from Jeffrey Skilling, March 5, 2012. “Did I ever find a glass ceiling?”: Gupta’s remarks at Creativity and Personal Mastery class. “He got the job because two stronger personalities were competing heavily”: Interview with Bala Balachandran, May 17, 2011. “The candidate for Managing Director has to reflect the aspirations of the firm”: Emails from Jeffrey Skilling, March 4 and 5, 2012. Chapter Thirteen: Raj’s Edge Khan quit after receiving a poor performance review: US v.


pages: 257 words: 71,686

Swimming With Sharks: My Journey into the World of the Bankers by Joris Luyendijk

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, bank run, barriers to entry, Bonfire of the Vanities, bonus culture, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collective bargaining, corporate raider, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, Emanuel Derman, financial deregulation, financial independence, Flash crash, glass ceiling, Gordon Gekko, high net worth, hiring and firing, information asymmetry, inventory management, job-hopping, light touch regulation, London Whale, Nick Leeson, offshore financial centre, regulatory arbitrage, Satyajit Das, selection bias, shareholder value, sovereign wealth fund, the payments system, too big to fail

‘The City is actually ridiculously tolerant. It’s quite amusing; I think people are wooed by me. And they’re overly nice about the scarf, asking: do you shake hands? I have to say, this is really nice and quite different from my experiences in continental Europe.’ I may have run into the lucky ones but none of my interviewees from a ‘minority’ had encountered open discrimination at their banks. The glass ceiling is as intact as it is elsewhere in society, yet two women at brokerages said independently that they preferred working with bankers as opposed to, say, fellow brokers or clients. ‘The big banks have diversity policies so it’s not just white straight males you meet there,’ said one. The other believed ‘investment bankers are so terrified of lawsuits that they would rather bite off their tongue than say something sexist’.

Goldman Sachs has denied that its employees refer to a particular set of clients as ‘muppets’ and Tony Blair’s income at JP Morgan is an estimate by the Financial Times. A final world about women and finance. The difference of opinion between young female interviewees who said they were adamantly opposed quotas and their more experienced female colleagues who were in favour would have made for a great chapter. In the end I have decided to leave out a discussion of the glass ceiling since I believe the core of the problem with finance to be the structural conflicts and perverse incentives and not the gender of those responding to them. It is not at all inconceivable that on the whole men respond differently to the temptations that global finance offers them than women. That is probably what IMF president Christine Lagarde alluded to when she produced one of the best quotes I have come across during the research project: ‘What if it had been Lehman Sisters?’


pages: 480 words: 119,407

Invisible Women by Caroline Criado Perez

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, augmented reality, Bernie Sanders, collective bargaining, crowdsourcing, Diane Coyle, Donald Trump, falling living standards, first-past-the-post, gender pay gap, gig economy, glass ceiling, Grace Hopper, Hacker Ethic, Indoor air pollution, informal economy, lifelogging, low skilled workers, mental accounting, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Nate Silver, new economy, obamacare, Oculus Rift, offshore financial centre, pattern recognition, phenotype, post-industrial society, randomized controlled trial, remote working, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, speech recognition, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steven Levy, the built environment, urban planning, women in the workforce, zero-sum game

issuusl=ignore Chapter 3 1 https://www.theguardian.com/world/2005/oct/18/gender.uk 2 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-34602822 3 https://eng.fjarmalaraduneyti.is/media/Gender_Equality_in_Iceland_012012.pdf 4 http://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/health-and-wellbeing/wellbeing/what-is-life-really-like-for-women-in-iceland-the-worlds-most-womanfriendly-country-20161031-gsez8j.html 5 http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GGGR_2017.pdf 6 https://www.economist.com/blogs/graphicdetail/2016/03/daily-chart-0 7 McKinsey Global Institute (2015), The Power of Parity: how advancing women’s equality can add $12 trillion to global growth 8 https://ourworldindata.org/women-in-the-labor-force-determinants 9 Veerle, Miranda (2011), ‘Cooking, Caring and Volunteering: Unpaid Work Around the World’, OECD Social, employment and migration working papers no.116, OECD 10 http://www.pwc.com.au/australia-in-transition/publications/understanding-the-unpaid-economy-mar17.pdf 11 Chopra, D. and Zambelli, E. (2017), ‘No Time to Rest: Women’s Lived Experiences of Balancing Paid Work and Unpaid Care Work’, Institute of Development Studies 12 Veerle (2011) 13 Dinh, Huong, Strazdins, Lyndall and Welsh, Jennifer (2017), ‘Hour-glass ceilings: Work-hour thresholds, gendered health inequities’, Social Science & Medicine 176, 42–51 14 http://www.oecd.org/dev/development-gender/Unpaid_care_work.pdf 15 https://www.alzheimersresearchuk.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/Women-and-Dementia-A-Marginalised-Majority1.pdf 16 Ibid. 17 Ibid. 18 Ibid. 19 https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2015/time-spent-in-leisure-activities-in-2014-by-gender-age-and-educational-attainment.htm 20 https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/wellbeing/articles/menenjoyfivehoursmoreleisuretimeperweekthanwomen/2018–01-09 21 Dinh, Strazdins and Welsh (2017) 22 http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GGGR16/WEF_Global_Gender_Gap_Report_2016.pdf 23 http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTSOCIALDEVELOPMENT/Resources/244362–1265299949041/6766328–1270752196897/Gender_Infra-structure2.pdf 24 L.

res=9807E3D8123EF932A-15751C0A9619C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=2 11 http://www.weeklystandard.com/colin-powell-on-hillary-clinton-unbridled-ambition-greedy-not-transformational/article/2004328 12 http://www.teenvogue.com/story/hillary-clinton-laughs-too-ambitious-attack 13 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3900744/Assange-says-Clinton-eaten-alive-ambitions-denies-Russia-Democratic-email-hacks-interview-Kremlin-s-TV-channel.html 14 http://www.theonion.com/blogpost/hillary-clinton-is-too-ambitious-to-be-the-first-f-11229 15 https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/are-we-born-racist/201010/is-hillary-clinton-pathologically-ambitious 16 http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0146167210371949 17 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022103108000334 18 Cikara, Mina and Fiske, Susan T. (2009), ‘Warmth, competence, and ambivalent sexism: Vertical assault and collateral damage’, in Barreto, Manuela, Ryan, Michelle K. and Schmitt, Michael T. (eds.), The glass ceiling in the 21st century: Understanding barriers to gender equality, Washington 19 https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160829095050.htm 20 Hekman, David, Johnson, Stefanie, Foo, Maw-Der and Yang, Wei (2017), ‘Does Diversity-Valuing Behavior Result in Diminished Performance Ratings for Non-White and Female Leaders?’, Academy of Management Journal, 60:2, 771 21 https://www.lrb.co.uk/v39/n02/rebecca-solnit/from-lying-to-leering 22 http://archive.ipu.org/wmn-e/world.htm 23 https://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/women-and-equalities-committee/news-parliament-2017/govt-response-women-hoc-2017–19/ 24 https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/642904/Government_Response_-_Women_in_the_House_of_Commons.pdf 25 http://archive.ipu.org/wmn-e/arc/classif010197.htm 26 https://www.fawcettsociety.org.uk/Handlers/Download.ashx?

CMP=share_btn_tw 69 https://phys.org/news/2017–04-uk-hidden-homeless-lone-women.html 70 http://www.feantsa.org/download/feantsa-ejh-11–1_a1-v045913941269604492255.pdf 71 https://www.policyalternatives.ca/publications/commentary/fast-facts-4-things-know-about-women-and-homelessness-canada 72 http://www.feantsa.org/download/feantsa-ejh-11–1_a1-v045913941269604492255.pdf 73 https://phys.org/news/2017–04-uk-hidden-homeless-lone-women.html 74 https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/apr/19/sex-rent-logical-extension-leaving-housing-to-market 75 https://www.policyalternatives.ca/publications/commentary/fast-facts-4-things-know-about-women-and-homelessness-canada 76 http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/088626001016008001 77 https://www.bustle.com/articles/190092-this-is-how-homeless-women-cope-with-their-periods 78 https://www.theguardian.com/housing-network/2016/aug/22/sex-in-return-for-shelter-homeless-women-face-desperate-choices-government-theresa-may 79 https://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/womens-health/11508497/TheHomelessPeriod-Campaign-for-homeless-women-to-have-free-tampons.html 80 http://thehomelessperiod.com/ 81 https://www.change.org/p/help-the-homeless-on-their-period-thehomelessperiod/u/19773587 82 https://www.thecut.com/2016/06/nyc-will-provide-tampons-in-schools-shelters.html 83 http://www.unhcr.org/uk/news/latest/2008/4/4815db792/corporate-gift-highlights-sanitation-problems-faced-female-refugees.html; http://www.reuters.com/article/us-womens-day-refugees-periods-feature-idUSKBN16F1UU 84 https://www.womensrefugeecommission.org/images/zdocs/Refugee-Women-on-the-European-Route.pdf; https://www.globalone.org.uk/wpcontent/uploads/2017/03/SYRIA-REPORT-FINAL-ONLINE.pdf; https://globalone.org.uk/2017/05/a-14-year-olds-heart-wrenching-tale/ 85 http://www.ifrc.org/en/news-and-media/news-stories/africa/burundi/upholding-women-and-girls-dignity-managing-menstrual-hygiene-in-emergency-situations-62536/ 86 January 2016, https://www.womensrefugeecommission.org/images/zdocs/Refugee-Women-on-the-European-Route.pdf; http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/11/world/asia/effort-to-help-filipino-women-falters-un-says.html 87 http://www.ifrc.org/en/news-and-media/news-stories/africa/burundi/upholding-women-and-girls-dignity-managing-menstrual-hygiene-in-emergency-situations-62536/ 88 http://www.reuters.com/article/us-womens-day-refugees-periods-feature-idUSKBN16F1UU 89 https://www.globalone.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/SYRIA-REPORT-FINAL-ONLINE.pdf Afterword 1 http://discovermagazine.com/2006/mar/knit-theory 2 http://www.cabinetmagazine.org/issues/16/crocheting.php 3 https://www.brainpickings.org/2009/04/24/margaret-wertheim-institute-for-figuring/ 4 http://discovermagazine.com/2006/mar/knit-theory 5 Ibid. 6 http://www.cabinetmagazine.org/issues/16/crocheting.php 7 https://www.nytimes.com/2005/07/11/nyregion/professor-lets-her-fingers-do-the-talking.html 8 Cikara, Mina and Fiske, Susan T. (2009), ‘Warmth, competence, and ambivalent sexism: Vertical assault and collateral damage’, in Barreto, Manuela, Ryan, Michelle K. and Schmitt, Michael T. (eds.), The glass ceiling in the 21st century: Understanding barriers to gender equality, Washington DC 9 https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs00004-000-0015-0.pdf 10 https://www.wired.com/2008/06/pb-theory/ 11 http://womenintvfilm.sdsu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/2016_Celluloid_Ceiling_Report.pdf 12 http://wmc.3cdn.net/dcdb0bcb4b0283f501_mlbres23x.pdf 13 http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/history/2016/01/popular_history_why_are_so_many_history_books_about_men_by_men.html?


pages: 409 words: 125,611

The Great Divide: Unequal Societies and What We Can Do About Them by Joseph E. Stiglitz

"Robert Solow", accounting loophole / creative accounting, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, agricultural Revolution, Asian financial crisis, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, Branko Milanovic, Bretton Woods, business cycle, capital controls, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Carmen Reinhart, carried interest, clean water, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collective bargaining, computer age, corporate governance, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, deindustrialization, Detroit bankruptcy, discovery of DNA, Doha Development Round, everywhere but in the productivity statistics, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial deregulation, financial innovation, full employment, George Akerlof, ghettoisation, Gini coefficient, glass ceiling, global supply chain, Home mortgage interest deduction, housing crisis, income inequality, income per capita, information asymmetry, job automation, Kenneth Rogoff, Kickstarter, labor-force participation, light touch regulation, Long Term Capital Management, manufacturing employment, market fundamentalism, mass incarceration, moral hazard, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, new economy, obamacare, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, Paul Samuelson, plutocrats, Plutocrats, purchasing power parity, quantitative easing, race to the bottom, rent-seeking, rising living standards, Ronald Reagan, school vouchers, secular stagnation, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, The Chicago School, the payments system, Tim Cook: Apple, too big to fail, trade liberalization, transaction costs, transfer pricing, trickle-down economics, Turing machine, unpaid internship, upwardly mobile, urban renewal, urban sprawl, very high income, War on Poverty, Washington Consensus, We are the 99%, white flight, winner-take-all economy, working poor, working-age population

Another Nobel laureate of the Chicago School, Gary S. Becker, would attempt to show how in truly competitive labor markets discrimination couldn’t exist. While I and others wrote multiple papers explaining the sophistry in the argument, his was an argument that fell on receptive ears. Like so many looking back over the past 50 years, I cannot but be struck by the gap between our aspirations then and what we have accomplished. True, one “glass ceiling” has been shattered: we have an African-American president. But Dr. King realized that the struggle for social justice had to be conceived broadly: it was a battle not just against racial segregation and discrimination, but for greater economic equality and justice for all Americans. It was not for nothing that the march’s organizers, Bayard Rustin and A. Philip Randolph, had called it the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.

But the life prospects of an American are more dependent on the income and education of his parents than in almost any other advanced country for which there is data. How do we explain this? Some of it has to do with persistent discrimination. Latinos and African-Americans still get paid less than whites, and women still get paid less than men, even though they recently surpassed men in the number of advanced degrees they obtain. Though gender disparities in the workplace are less than they once were, there is still a glass ceiling: women are sorely underrepresented in top corporate positions and constitute a minuscule fraction of CEOs. Discrimination, however, is only a small part of the picture. Probably the most important reason for lack of equality of opportunity is education: both its quantity and quality. After World War II, Europe made a major effort to democratize its education systems. We did, too, with the GI Bill, which extended higher education to Americans across the economic spectrum.

He seemingly felt more comfortable with the “old boys club” approach, appointing someone he knew well and who had served him as head of the National Economic Council. A quiet battle became less so, and this article may have helped turn the tide.2 A critical number of senators on the Senate Banking Committee (which has to approve such nominations) made it clear that they would not support his nomination, and so the battle ended. Part of what was at issue was the glass ceiling—another aspect of America’s inequality, reflected in differences in incomes and opportunities across gender. Yellen had distinguished herself, not only in managing the San Francisco Fed and serving as vice chair of the Fed, but in making forecasts that were more accurate than others. (The administration’s forecasts, in which Summers played a central role, were notoriously off the mark. He was constantly seeing greenshoots: a revival of the economy that would not occur until years later.


Frommer's New York City Day by Day by Hilary Davidson

Berlin Wall, buttonwood tree, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, Donald Trump, East Village, glass ceiling, Saturday Night Live

★ = The Statue of Liberty. For the millions who arrived in New York by ship, Lady Liberty was their first glimpse of America. A gift from France to the United States, the statue was designed by sculptor Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi and unveiled on October 28, 1886. Visitors now have access to the base of the statue and can explore the Statue of Liberty Museum, peer into the inner structure through a glass ceiling near the base of the statue, and enjoy views from the observation deck. Tip: The Staten Island Ferry (a free 25 min. trip) provides spectacular skyline views of Manhattan) and is a wonderful way to see the harbor. You’ll pass by (though not stop at) the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island. Check www. siferry.com for more information. @ 1 hr. (ferry ride: 15 min.). On Liberty Island in New York Harbor.

For Annie and the 12 million immigrants who subsequently entered the U.S. through Ellis Island, Lady Liberty was likely their first glimpse of America. The statue was slated to commemorate 100 years of American independence in 1876. But it wasn’t until 1886 that the statue was finally dedicated on U.S. soil. On Liberty Island, you can explore the Statue of Liberty Museum, peer into the inner structure through a glass ceiling near the base of the statue, and enjoy views from the observation deck atop a 16-story pedestal. On Ellis Island, you can take self-guided or ranger tours of the immigration complex and view exhibits at the Ellis Island Immigration 2 ★★ = National Museum of the American Indian. Long The Interior of Trinity Church. d St. E. 1 ★★★ = Statue of Liberty att a nB ridge rid ge BR OOKLY N before European colonists arrived, the North and South American continents were the sole domain of Native Indian tribes and an abundant assortment of fauna.


pages: 256 words: 15,765

The New Elite: Inside the Minds of the Truly Wealthy by Dr. Jim Taylor

British Empire, business cycle, call centre, dark matter, Donald Trump, estate planning, full employment, glass ceiling, income inequality, Jeff Bezos, longitudinal study, Louis Pasteur, Maui Hawaii, McMansion, means of production, passive income, performance metric, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Plutonomy: Buying Luxury, Explaining Global Imbalances, Ronald Reagan, stealth mode startup, Steve Jobs, Thorstein Veblen, trickle-down economics, women in the workforce, zero-sum game

Still, there are signs of a growing diversity and inclusiveness in today’s entrepreneurial era that were not present in previous eras. For example, Asians (defined broadly to include those from the Indian subcontinent) constitute approximately 8 percent and rising of the wealthy population, compared to approximately 3 percent of the U.S. population as a whole. Even more dramatic is a growing gender diversity. Whereas wealthy industrialists were almost exclusively male (and the corporate era of wealth was when the phrase ‘‘glass ceiling’’ entered the lexicon), the role of women today among the financial elite is radically different. Although still far short of a 50/50 gender split, a growing number of women entrepreneurs and executives created the wealth in their households; and even among those in which women weren’t the primary breadwinners, they have come to hold considerable sway over every aspect of family and financial life.

., 53 emotional connections, of luxury brands, 103 employee relationships, 50–51 endorsement deals, 59 Entertainment Weekly, 142 entrepreneurs challenges, 53–55 goals, 140–141 as politicians, 210–211 wealth, 35–39, 44 Galbraith, John Kenneth, 13 Gardner, Jonathan, 67 Gates, Bill, 6–7, 28, 38, 153, 158 Gates, Melinda, 153 gender diversity, 62 236 Index General Mills, 33 General Motors, 31, 32 Germany, 160 G.I. Bill, 34 Girard, Stephen, 24 giving, transformational, 190–194 ‘‘glass ceiling,’’ 62 global citizens, 155–156 ‘‘global wealth oligarchy,’’ 156 globalization, 163 globizens, 156 dynamics of, 166 and international wealth explosion, 156–158 relationships, 161 shared mind-set, 158–161 Golden, Claudia, 31 Goldman Sachs, 117 Google, 196 Gourmet, 142, 146, 152 government regulation, 25 gravitational pull of money, 4, 7–9 ‘‘great compression,’’ 31 Great Depression, 29, 30 Great Expectations (Dickens), 15 Great Gatsby, The (Fitzgerald), 15 Greece, 205 Greenspan, Alan, 7 Gucci Group, 95 guilt, 69 happiness, money and, 65–70 Harrison Group, 207, 228 holiday retail forecast, 214 health care, 215–216 hecamillionaires, 4, 5 Helmsley, Leona, 194 Helu, Carlos Slim, 159 Hemingway, Ernest, 73 Hennessy, 101 Hepburn Act (1906), 26 Hermès bag, 99–100 Hewlett, William, 38–39 Hidden Persuaders, The (Packard), 33 Hilton, Paris, 15 hospital, 2 household income, 1968 to 2006, 203 housing, 81–82 of globizens, 161 How to Win Friends and Influence People (Carnegie), 34 humility, 46 IBM, 32, 101 IKEA, 160 impulse shoppers, vs. planning, 79–80 incentives, by retail store, 79 income after-tax, 1979 to 2004, 203–204 to define wealth, 5 discretionary, 10 household, 1968 to 2006, 203 income tax, 26, 30 India, 160 Industrial Revolution, 25 industrial wealth, 24–30 inherited wealth, 42 intelligent shopping, 84–88 international travel, 161–162 Internet, 64, 140, 162 for shopping, 86–87 for shopping research, 179 sophisticatering, 109 interpersonal caution, by newly wealthy, 119 interviewing process, 14–15 investments options, 8 portfolio, 122 Iraq war, 69 isolation, 70 Jacobs, Marc, 100 J.C.


pages: 232 words: 78,701

I'm Judging You: The Do-Better Manual by Luvvie Ajayi

affirmative action, bitcoin, Burning Man, butterfly effect, citizen journalism, clean water, colonial rule, crowdsourcing, feminist movement, glass ceiling, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, Skype, Snapchat, transatlantic slave trade, uber lyft, upwardly mobile

Otherwise, we’re suspected of being beneficiaries of quota systems and affirmative action. Racism is our names on our résumés being perceived as less competent and resulting in half as many job-interview callbacks as others with identical qualifications. It is the fact that Black people with college degrees often make the same as or less than a white person with a high school diploma. For women, we talk about glass ceilings; for Black people, there’s often an iron gate. For Black women, well, we’ve got a glass ceiling with iron reinforcements. Racism is not always white hoods and burning crosses. Sometimes, it’s blue uniforms and black robes. There’s way too much haste to imprison Black women, men, and children. So much so that police will cuff (and sometimes kill) Black children that they incorrectly perceive to be a threat. The all-too-common perception that Black kids are just short adults, prone to criminal activity, is especially heartbreaking.


pages: 258 words: 74,942

Company of One: Why Staying Small Is the Next Big Thing for Business by Paul Jarvis

Airbnb, big-box store, Cal Newport, call centre, corporate social responsibility, David Heinemeier Hansson, effective altruism, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, endowment effect, follow your passion, gender pay gap, glass ceiling, Inbox Zero, index fund, job automation, Kickstarter, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, Naomi Klein, passive investing, Paul Graham, pets.com, remote working, Results Only Work Environment, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ruby on Rails, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, Snapchat, software as a service, Steve Jobs, supply-chain management, Tim Cook: Apple, too big to fail, uber lyft, web application, Y Combinator, Y2K

Since the company was just him, he was also able to pivot several times when shifts in the market and specific types of work he enjoyed doing led him to niches to focus on. Keeping his company of one small (just him) enabled him to set his own flexible hours, so he could coach Miranda’s swim and basketball teams on some days and then work in the evenings instead. Miranda made her first foray into a postschool career with startups in Silicon Valley. While she enjoyed the friendships, travel, and community these jobs gave her, she also found herself hitting a glass ceiling fairly hard. Although the mostly white, wealthy, and male leadership preached total inclusivity and open values to their communities, she was constantly met with resistance on her own career growth. This led her to venture out on her own, where she could be more autonomous and have more control over the limits to her career—or scrap them altogether. Her father’s “OVERHEAD = DEATH” mentality seeped into Miranda’s subconsciousness, and she runs her business as he ran his.

It found that 38,029 companies (of one) were bringing in seven-figure revenues, doing everything from the usual high-tech and scientific work to equipment repair and laundry services. The Census Bureau data shows that each year it becomes easier and less risky to work for yourself and still make a decent living. You can outsource or hire freelancers to cover tasks that were traditionally done by an employee. And unlike a corporation, you, as the boss, can’t be downsized or hit a gender-based glass ceiling. As long as you’re doing great work that’s in demand, working for yourself has no limits—or, as we’ll see next, only smart upper limits that you put in place yourself. Upper Bounds Most businesses set goals and targets, but few consider having an upper bound to them. Paying attention instead to the lower bound of a goal, they focus on ever-exceeding increases in areas like profit and reach and set goals like, “I want to make at least $1 million this quarter,” or, “We need to grow our mailing list by 2,000 people per day.”


pages: 209 words: 80,086

The Global Auction: The Broken Promises of Education, Jobs, and Incomes by Phillip Brown, Hugh Lauder, David Ashton

active measures, affirmative action, barriers to entry, Branko Milanovic, BRICs, business process, business process outsourcing, call centre, collective bargaining, corporate governance, creative destruction, credit crunch, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, deindustrialization, deskilling, disruptive innovation, Frederick Winslow Taylor, full employment, future of work, glass ceiling, global supply chain, immigration reform, income inequality, industrial cluster, industrial robot, intangible asset, job automation, Joseph Schumpeter, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, market bubble, market design, neoliberal agenda, new economy, Paul Samuelson, pensions crisis, post-industrial society, profit maximization, purchasing power parity, QWERTY keyboard, race to the bottom, Richard Florida, Ronald Reagan, shared worldview, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, sovereign wealth fund, stem cell, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, trade liberalization, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, winner-take-all economy, working poor, zero-sum game

But some people seem to believe that is going to happen; it’s bizarre . . . this is just racism parading by some other name. They are going to be really grateful for the chance to work in a call center.” A Chinese banking executive also told us that an ethnic hierarchy worked in his bank because there was widespread resentment of a glass ceiling for local Chinese employees, as all the talent that had been fast tracked appeared to come from Western countries. Competitive pressures may break some of the glass ceilings associated with ethnic hierarchies. One major bank had little doubt that the globalization of talent would have implications for workers in Europe and the United States, as they moved a lot of work to India that was previously undertaken by college graduates in New York, London, or The War for Talent 89 Frankfurt.


pages: 82 words: 21,414

The Myth of Meritocracy: Why Working-Class Kids Still Get Working-Class Jobs (Provocations Series) by James Bloodworth

Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Bob Geldof, Boris Johnson, cognitive dissonance, Downton Abbey, gender pay gap, glass ceiling, income inequality, light touch regulation, precariat, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, unpaid internship, upwardly mobile, We are the 99%, zero-sum game

Cameron made the same point more succinctly in 2013 when he stated that ‘I believe in equality of opportunity’.5 Both Cameron and his Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne have talked repeatedly about helping ‘strivers’ and those who ‘aspire to get on’. These upwardly mobile flag-bearers of the meritocracy have typically been contrasted with ‘shirkers’ – the Burberry-clad layabouts who supposedly skulk behind net curtains glancing fearfully at their aspirational peers as the latter head off to work. With the creation of a meritocracy in mind, in 2008 the Conservatives released a report entitled ‘Through the Glass Ceiling: A Conservative Agenda for Social Mobility’. The Liberal Democrats share this aspiration. The former party leader Nick Clegg claimed in 2012 that social mobility was the coalition government’s ‘central social preoccupation’.6 The culmination of this rhetoric was a cross-departmental strategy published in 2011 with the central claim that ‘improving social mobility is the principal goal of the government’s social policy’.


pages: 280 words: 83,299

Empty Planet: The Shock of Global Population Decline by Darrell Bricker, John Ibbitson

affirmative action, agricultural Revolution, Berlin Wall, BRICs, British Empire, Columbian Exchange, commoditize, demographic dividend, demographic transition, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, en.wikipedia.org, full employment, gender pay gap, ghettoisation, glass ceiling, global reserve currency, Gunnar Myrdal, Hans Rosling, Hernando de Soto, illegal immigration, income inequality, James Watt: steam engine, Jeff Bezos, John Snow's cholera map, Kibera, knowledge worker, labor-force participation, Mark Zuckerberg, megacity, New Urbanism, nuclear winter, off grid, offshore financial centre, out of africa, Potemkin village, purchasing power parity, reserve currency, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, statistical model, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, transcontinental railway, upwardly mobile, urban planning, working-age population, young professional, zero-sum game

“My dad encourages me to not get married, because living the single life is much freer, it is freer to live on your own,” Jihoe explains. “And also it’s really difficult to find the right guy. And my dad says, if you don’t find him, just don’t get married.” As for children, “If I get married, I only want one child,” Soo Yeon declares. The others agree. Maybe none, maybe one, but no more than one. “Korean working women face so many other disadvantages,” explains Soojin. “It’s the glass ceiling in Korea. It’s very hard to pursue our career while also raising children.” Millennials in Korea face daunting challenges. Their parents were part of the miraculous, one-generation phenomenon of explosive economic growth. But there was no time for the Korean state to develop a proper pension plan for retired workers. As a result, Korea has the highest poverty rates among the elderly of any advanced nation: 45 percent.139 To ease their plight, the Korean government raised the mandatory retirement age, so that older workers could stay on the job.

Crime rates go down—thanks to there being fewer young males from damaged homes at risk of joining gangs or getting into other kinds of trouble—thus reducing police and penitentiary costs. But as women get older and still choose not to have children, the consequences become more mixed. Although women are still far from achieving full equality, they are closing the gap and banging on that glass ceiling. In 1973, the year the U.S. Supreme Court upheld a woman’s right to an abortion in Roe v. Wade, a typical woman made 57 percent of what a man earned. By 2016, the figure had reached 80 percent.161 That’s still far too wide a gap, but all trend lines are encouraging. Women outnumber men at universities: 72 percent of woman high school graduates proceed immediately to college, compared to 61 percent of men.162 Fifty-five percent of the students in medical schools in the United Kingdom are women.163 In the United States, about 40 percent of chemists and material scientists and 30 percent of environmental scientists and geoscientists are women.164 This is still not full equality, but again, the gap is closing.


pages: 479 words: 144,453

Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow by Yuval Noah Harari

23andMe, agricultural Revolution, algorithmic trading, Anne Wojcicki, anti-communist, Anton Chekhov, autonomous vehicles, Berlin Wall, call centre, Chris Urmson, cognitive dissonance, Columbian Exchange, computer age, Deng Xiaoping, don't be evil, drone strike, European colonialism, experimental subject, falling living standards, Flash crash, Frank Levy and Richard Murnane: The New Division of Labor, glass ceiling, global village, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invention of writing, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, job automation, John Markoff, Kevin Kelly, lifelogging, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, Minecraft, Moneyball by Michael Lewis explains big data, Monkeys Reject Unequal Pay, mutually assured destruction, new economy, pattern recognition, Peter Thiel, placebo effect, Ray Kurzweil, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, stem cell, Steven Pinker, telemarketer, The Future of Employment, too big to fail, trade route, Turing machine, Turing test, ultimatum game, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, zero-sum game

This avalanche of wealth, coupled with myriad positive and negative changes in Japanese lifestyles and social relations, had surprisingly little impact on Japanese subjective well-being levels. The Japanese in the 1990s were as satisfied – or dissatisfied – as they were in the 1950s.34 It appears that our happiness bangs against some mysterious glass ceiling that does not allow it to grow despite all our unprecedented accomplishments. Even if we provide free food for everybody, cure all diseases and ensure world peace, it won’t necessarily shatter that glass ceiling. Achieving real happiness is not going to be much easier than overcoming old age and death. The glass ceiling of happiness is held in place by two stout pillars, one psychological, the other biological. On the psychological level, happiness depends on expectations rather than objective conditions. We don’t become satisfied by leading a peaceful and prosperous existence.


pages: 266 words: 78,689

Frommer's Irreverent Guide to Las Vegas by Mary Herczog, Jordan S. Simon

Berlin Wall, Bob Geldof, glass ceiling, haute couture, haute cuisine, Maui Hawaii, Murano, Venice glass, Saturday Night Live, young professional

The lobby of Mandalay Bay seems tame by comparison, featuring only a 14-foot shark-filled pagoda/aquarium along with towering bamboo cages filled with parrots and cockatoos (desk clerks sometimes have to scream to make themselves heard above the birds’ screeching). The Caesars Palace entrance is a riot of gilt bas-relief, carved and mirrored ceilings, friezes, and reclining marble nudes alongside black marble floors and crystal chandeliers. After more than 30 years, it’s still Vegas glitz at its best. But for sheer camp, nothing exceeds the excess of Excalibur, with its mock medieval stained-glass ceiling, glowing dragons, brightly colored heraldic flags, suits of armor on wooden horses, and amazing turreted chandeliers. The majestic 70-foot rotunda dome in the Venetian’s lobby glistens with 24K gold leaf and a montage of 21 Renaissance paintings. The tile floors are the real thing, scavenged from condemned palazzi. Marble and Murano glass gleam everywhere, and a photo of Venice canals provides a trompe l’oeil effect behind the reception desk.

Main Street Station culls antiques and artifacts from around the globe: ornate doors, transom, and stained-glass windows from actress Lillian Russell’s Victorian mansion; bronze doors from London’s turn-of-the-century Kuwait Royal Bank; carved oak fireplace and sideboard from Scotland’s Prestwick Castle; fluted cast-iron columns from the Royal Army barracks at Windsor Castle; an Art Nouveau chandelier from the Figaro Opera House in Paris; even the Schlitz Milwaukee mansion’s mahoganyand-walnut elevator serving as a phone booth. Artworks by Picasso and Rauschenberg are scattered throughout Bellagio’s restaurants, but the cultural coup is Dale Chihuly’s immense glass ceiling installation, “Fiori di Como,” which resembles, depending on your point of view, a profusion of glass jellyfish, a floral explosion, or someone’s 1960s LSD nightmare. The Rio is known for lavishly mounted traveling exhibits ranging from Tsarist treasures to Titanic artifacts, but amid the property’s jazzy razzmatazz, it’s easy to overlook a splendid permanent collection of contemporary art, most on display in the entrance corridor and lobby of the Samba Theatre: works by Cy Twombly, Robert Rauschenberg, Ellsworth Kelly, and Nan Goldin.


pages: 901 words: 234,905

The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature by Steven Pinker

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, anti-communist, British Empire, clean water, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, conceptual framework, correlation coefficient, correlation does not imply causation, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, Defenestration of Prague, desegregation, epigenetics, Exxon Valdez, George Akerlof, germ theory of disease, ghettoisation, glass ceiling, Hobbesian trap, income inequality, invention of agriculture, invisible hand, Joan Didion, long peace, meta analysis, meta-analysis, More Guns, Less Crime, Murray Gell-Mann, mutually assured destruction, Norman Mailer, Peter Singer: altruism, phenotype, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Potemkin village, prisoner's dilemma, profit motive, QWERTY keyboard, Richard Feynman, Richard Thaler, risk tolerance, Robert Bork, Rodney Brooks, Saturday Night Live, social intelligence, speech recognition, Stanford prison experiment, stem cell, Steven Pinker, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, the new new thing, theory of mind, Thomas Malthus, Thorstein Veblen, twin studies, ultimatum game, urban renewal, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, Yogi Berra, zero-sum game

To take two of the simplest and most obvious indicators: women still earn no more than 72 cents for every dollar that men earn, and we are nowhere near equality in numbers at the very top of decision making in business, government, or the professions.56 Like Friedan, many people believe that the gender gap in wages and a “glass ceiling” that keeps women from rising to the uppermost levels of power are the two main injustices facing women in the West today. In his 1999 State of the Union address, Bill Clinton said, “We can be proud of this progress, but 75 cents on the dollar is still only three-quarters of the way there, and Americans can’t be satisfied until we’re all the way there.” The gender gap and the glass ceiling have inspired lawsuits against companies that have too few women in the top positions, pressure on the government to regulate all salaries so men and women are paid according to the “comparable worth” of their jobs, and aggressive measures to change girls’ attitudes to the professions, such as the annual Take Our Daughters to Work Day.

But the suggestion that the gender gap may arise, even in part, from differences between the sexes can be fightin’ words. Anyone bringing it up is certain to be accused of “wanting to keep women in their place” or “justifying the status quo.” This makes about as much sense as saying that a scientist who studies why women live longer than men “wants old men to die.” And far from being a ploy by self-serving men, analyses exposing the flaws of the glass-ceiling theory have largely come from women, including Hausman, Gottfredson, Judith Kleinfeld, Karen Lehrman, Cathy Young, and Camilla Benbow, the economists Jennifer Roback, Felice Schwartz, Diana Furchtgott-Roth, and Christine Stolba, the legal scholar Jennifer Braceras, and, more guardedly, the economist Claudia Goldin and the legal scholar Susan Estrich.63 I believe these writers have given us a better understanding of the gender gap than the standard one, for a number of reasons.

Foucault, Michel Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth Frank, Robert Franklin, Benjamin Frazer, James George Freedman, Jonathan Freeman, Derek free-rider problem free will French Revolution frequency-dependent selection Freud, Sigmund Friedan, Betty Friedman, Milton Furchtgott-Roth, Diana Gabriel, Peter Gage, Phineas Galbraith, John Kenneth Galileo Galilei Galton, Francis game theory Gardner, Howard Garfunkel, Art Gauguin, Paul Gazzaniga, Michael Geary, David Geertz, Clifford Gell-Mann, Murray Gelman, Susan gender, see sex differences gender feminism gender gap generative grammar genes: antisocial acts and autism and brain and crime and emergenic traits and intelligence and language and mental illness and Neel and personality and “selfish” violence and see also behavioral genetics genetically modified foods genetic variation genius genome, human in denials of human nature evolution and human complexity and number of genes in variability in germ theory of disease Gestalt Ghiglieri, Michael Ghost in the Machine determinism and genetics and neural plasticity and neuroscience and radical science defense of responsibility and right-wing support of Gibran, Kahlil Gigerenzer, Gerd Gilbert, William Gilligan, Carol Gilmore, Gary Gingrich, Newt Gintis, Herbert glass ceiling Glendon, Mary Ann Glover, Jonathan Godfather, The Godwin, William Goffman, Erving Goldberg, Tiffany F. Goldblum, Jeff Golden Rule Goldin, Claudia Golding, William Goldman, Emma Good Morning America Gopnik, Adam gorillas Gorky, Maxim Gottfredson, Linda Gottschall, Jonathan Gould, Stephen Jay Gowaty, Patricia Graglia, F. Carolyn Great Chain of Being Great Society Green, Ronald Greene, Graham Grogger, Jeff group mind see also superorganism group selection Group Socialization theory public reaction to Gulag Archipelago, The (Solzhenitsyn) guns Guns, Germs, and Steel (Diamond) Guns of August, The (Tuchman) Gur, Batya Gur, Raquel Gypsies habit system Hacking, Ian Hadley, Robert Haidt, Jonathan Haldane, J.


pages: 240 words: 109,474

Masters of Doom: How Two Guys Created an Empire and Transformed Pop Culture by David Kushner

Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, book scanning, Columbine, corporate governance, game design, glass ceiling, Hacker Ethic, informal economy, Marc Andreessen, market design, Marshall McLuhan, Saturday Night Live, side project, Silicon Valley, slashdot, software patent, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, X Prize

Romero’s new office wouldn’t only be a fun place to work, it would be where a gamer could show the press, family, and friends that games had built an empire and that the empire would be the ultimate place to make more games. When the elevator doors finally opened into the penthouse, it felt as though Romero was standing on top of the moon. The two-story, 22,500-square-foot loft seemed to spill into the stars. The space was bare but surrounded by a wraparound window view of the city and a seemingly endless sixty-foot arched glass ceiling. Anywhere Romero spun, he saw the kaleidoscopic twinkle of lights–evening lights from below, the celestial bodies up high. It was raw, waiting to be designed. Romero imagined a room full of pillows, a Vegas room with slot machines, a “Break Shit” room where you could just go around destroying things! But there were problems, the agent explained. The space was so big and windowed and close to the sun that it was extremely difficult to air-condition.

Co-owners Todd Porter and Jerry O’Flaherty initiated a plan of their own: to launch a comic book division within the company using the artists of Jerry’s who had worked in that industry. The owners approved the plan to hire up a staff and release a comic book for each of the company’s games as, essentially, free public relations. When Eidos got wind of the plan, however, they immediately shut it down. “You guys are supposed to be making games,” they said. “Why should we pay you to make comics?” Even the glass ceiling they toiled beneath became a problem, specifically, a nightmare of light. Next to vampires, no one hates the light as much as gamers; there’s nothing worse than a big, bad glare blinding down on a computer screen. Nobody could work. The architects were immediately called in to install stylish spoilers on top of the cubicles. But they proved hardly dark enough to suit the gamers’ finicky tastes.


pages: 692 words: 189,065

The Human Swarm: How Our Societies Arise, Thrive, and Fall by Mark W. Moffett

affirmative action, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, California gold rush, delayed gratification, demographic transition, eurozone crisis, George Santayana, glass ceiling, Howard Rheingold, invention of agriculture, invention of writing, Kevin Kelly, labour mobility, land tenure, long peace, Milgram experiment, out of africa, phenotype, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, shared worldview, Silicon Valley, social intelligence, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, World Values Survey

These simple techniques are not constrained by the limitations of memory, and thus permit the societies of certain species to reach immense sizes, in a few cases without an upper bound. The chapter after that, “Anonymous Humans,” spells out how humans employ the same approach: our species is attuned to markers that reflect what each society finds acceptable, including behaviors so subtle they may only be noticed subliminally. By this means people can connect with strangers in what I call an anonymous society, thereby breaking the glass ceiling in the size societies can achieve. The three chapters included in Section III, “Hunter-Gatherers Until Recent Times,” ask what the societies of our species were like before the advent of agriculture. I cover people who existed as hunter-gatherers up to recent times, ranging from those who lived nomadically in small, spread-out groups, called bands, and others who settled down for much or all of the year.

This incomprehension leads him to treat the many outside males moving around him all day in the herd as interchangeable potential philanderers of his females and usurpers of his position. This may make geladas seem dim-witted, yet an important lesson emerges. Animals reliant on mutual recognition are compelled to be at least minimally aware of everyone in their society, and that renders sociality at a massive scope prohibitive.26 Our own kind, Homo sapiens, has obliterated the glass ceiling of those other species. No matter what our intelligence, humans would never have been as successful as we are today without going large. Before turning to humans, however, we continue our exploration of nature with another high point in social evolution, the insect societies. Not only do these arthropods include the vast majority of the society-dwelling organisms, but among their colonies are some of a scale and complexity that are indeed immense, and which I believe shed light our own societies.

Until recent millennia, all of those societies were small communities of hunter-gatherers, but that didn’t mean their attachments to their societies were any weaker than ours today. In the societies of our prehuman ancestors, as in those of most other mammals, the members had to recognize each other individually to function as a group. The resulting constraint on memory put an upper limit of roughly 200 on the size of societies in most animals. At some point in our evolution, probably before the origins of Homo sapiens, humans broke this glass ceiling by forming anonymous societies. Such societies, found in humans and a few other animals—notably ants and most other social insects—can potentially attain vast sizes because the members no longer must remember each other personally. Instead, they rely on identifying markers to accept both individuals they know and strangers who fit their expectations. Scents serve as markers in the insects, but humans go broader.


Lonely Planet Pocket Bruges & Brussels by Lonely Planet, Helena Smith

glass ceiling, haute cuisine, non-fiction novel, Skype

Volatile Captain Haddock is by contrast a volcano of uncontrolled emotion, while the narrative is often sparked by the misunderstandings and bizarre actions of Professor Calculus. Amongst other Belgian artists explored in less depth, you may want to pause over the little blue creatures created by Peyo: the Smurfs. Horta’s building Designed as a department stone in 1906, the lovely building features a swirling tiled floor, slim metal pillars, girders and grills and light filtered through a glass ceiling. As you enter, a model of Tintin’s red rocket gleams against the pale stone; to the right is a small exhibition about the construction, decline and restoration of the building. Top Tips › Don’t forget to pick up the English notes at the ticket desk or you’ll be all at sea. › You don’t have to pay an entrance fee to enjoy the central hallway or to drink a coffee (€2.20) at the attached cafe. › Temporary exhibitions on the top floor show international comic-strip art. › Don’t miss the shop, which steers clear of merchandise and focuses on books, including Sarkozik – a satire on the French ex-president, plus the Smurfs, Tintin, fantasy and manga. › Should you want more reading matter – albeit in French – there’s a comic-book library next door.


pages: 128 words: 38,187

The New Prophets of Capital by Nicole Aschoff

3D printing, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, American Legislative Exchange Council, basic income, Bretton Woods, clean water, collective bargaining, commoditize, crony capitalism, feminist movement, follow your passion, Food sovereignty, glass ceiling, global supply chain, global value chain, helicopter parent, hiring and firing, income inequality, Khan Academy, late capitalism, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, mass incarceration, means of production, performance metric, post-work, profit motive, rent-seeking, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, school vouchers, shareholder value, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Slavoj Žižek, structural adjustment programs, Tim Cook: Apple, urban renewal, women in the workforce, working poor, zero-sum game

Framing the issue as “work-life balance”—as if the two were diametrically opposed—practically ensures work will lose out. Who would ever choose work over life?12 Women’s decisions to give up on their ambitions as adults are often the result of learned dispositions and habits acquired during childhood. But despite this socialization and its long-term effects, Sandberg doesn’t really believe in glass ceilings or see the need for affirmative action. She thinks the main force holding women back—at least educated women—is their own hang-ups and fears. Women don’t need favors, they just need to believe in themselves. “Fear is at the root of so many of the barriers that women face … Without fear, women can pursue professional success and personal fulfillment.”13 Deborah Gruenfeld calls Sandberg a post-feminist—a woman who believes that “when you blame someone else for keeping you back, you are accepting your powerlessness.”14 So how should women take power and the corner office?


Pocket Bruges & Brussels Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

glass ceiling, haute cuisine, Skype

Volatile Captain Haddock is by contrast a volcano of uncontrolled emotion, while the narrative is often sparked by the misunderstandings and bizarre actions of Professor Calculus. Among other Belgian artists explored in less depth, you may want to pause over the little blue creatures created by Peyo: the Smurfs. Horta’s building Designed as a department store in 1906, the lovely building features a swirling tiled floor, slim metal pillars, girders and grills and light filtered through a glass ceiling. As you enter, a model of Tintin’s red rocket gleams against the pale stone; to the right is a small exhibition about the construction, decline and restoration of the building. 1Top Sights Grand PlaceC6 Centre Belge de la Bande DessinéeE3 1Sights 1Musée du Costume et de la DentelleC6 2Manneken PisB7 3Jeanneke PisC5 4Musée du Cacao et du ChocolatB6 5Underpant MuseumC7 6Fondation Jacques BrelC7 7Musée de la BrasserieC6 8Brussels City MuseumC6 9Galeries St-HubertD5 10Rue des BouchersC5 11BourseB5 12Bruxella1238B5 13Église St-NicolasB5 5Eating 14ArcadiD5 15Cremerie De LinkebeekA4 16HenriA3 17L'OgenblikC5 18Le Cercle des VoyageursB7 19DandoyB5 20Brasserie de la Roue d'OrC6 21KokobA7 22Sea GrillD4 23La Maison du CygneC6 24Osteria a l'OmbraC6 6Drinking 25Goupil le FolC7 26Le CirioB5 27FalstaffB5 28À la Mort SubiteD5 29À la BécasseB5 30Au SoleilA7 31BarBetonA4 32La Fleur en Papier DoréB8 33Fontainas BarA7 34WalvisA3 35Le CercueilC6 36Madame MoustacheA3 37La VilaineB4 38Métropole CaféC3 39A l'Image de Nostre-DameC5 40CelticaB5 3Entertainment 41Music VillageB6 42Théâtre Royal de TooneC5 43Cinéma GaleriesC5 44L'ArchiducA4 45Art BaseE3 46Actor's StudioC5 47ABA6 48Théâtre du VaudevilleC6 49Théâtre Royal de la Monnaie/Koninklijke MuntschouwburgC4 50Théâtre NationalD1 51Koninklijke Vlaamse SchouwburgB1 7Shopping 52Boutique TintinC6 53CatherineB6 54Sterling BooksD4 55De BiertempelC5 56NeuhausD5 57Planète ChocolatB6 58City 2E1 59Micro MarchéA1 60Passage du NordC3 UnderstandMural-Spotting Over 40 comic-strip murals currently enliven alleys and thoroughfares throughout the old city centre, with more added year after year.


pages: 489 words: 111,305

How the World Works by Noam Chomsky, Arthur Naiman, David Barsamian

affirmative action, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business climate, capital controls, clean water, corporate governance, deindustrialization, Fall of the Berlin Wall, feminist movement, glass ceiling, Howard Zinn, income inequality, interchangeable parts, Isaac Newton, joint-stock company, land reform, liberation theology, Monroe Doctrine, offshore financial centre, plutocrats, Plutocrats, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, single-payer health, strikebreaker, Telecommunications Act of 1996, transfer pricing, union organizing, War on Poverty, working poor

The elite are the masters, and they follow what Smith called their “vile maxim”—namely, all for ourselves and nothing for anyone else. You say that class transcends race, essentially. It certainly does. For example, the United States could become a color-free society. It’s possible. I don’t think it’s going to happen, but it’s perfectly possible that it would happen, and it would hardly change the political economy at all—just as women could pass through the “glass ceiling” and that wouldn’t change the political economy at all. That’s one of the reasons why you commonly find the business sector reasonably willing to support efforts to overcome racism and sexism. It doesn’t matter that much for them. You lose a little white-male privilege in the executive suite, but that’s not all that important as long as the basic institutions of power and domination survive intact.

See also Israel American Jews in antisemitism in Israel occupation of Palestinians expelled from Rabin in Gehlen, Reinhard Gehlen, Richard General Electric General Motors in conspiracy factories moved to East Germany foreign investments by in Poland genocide Germany corporations based in demonstrations in East Germany Holocaust in industrial policy in labor costs in labor in POWs in public control possible in racism in unemployment in as world power Ghandi, Indira Gingrich, Newt conference attended by globalization and Lockheed used as example by military budget and Gitlin, Todd “glass ceiling,” globalization conspiracy theories about of corporate mercantilism in early 20th century economic resistance to World Economic Forum GNP of US “God-and-country” rally Godoy, Julio Golan Heights Golden, Tim Golden Triangle Goldwater, Barry good examples, threat of Goodland, Robert Good Neighbor policy “Good Samaritan” robbery Gore-Perot NAFTA debate government corporate welfare of as modifiable need to use at this point seen as enemy, in US “grace, paradox of,” Grand Area grassroots propaganda Greece intervention after WWII Serb conflict and Green Party Greider, William Grenada drug trafficking in US aid to US invasion of Grossman, Richard group vs. individual advantage Guaraní Guatemala CIA in CIA memorandum (1952) example made of Jennifer Harbury case in La Epoca destruction military coup in 1944 revolution peace treaty (December, 1996) right-wing view of atrocities in torture and slaughter in Guinea (former) Gulf crisis Iraqi issues with Kuwait “linkage,” rejection of diplomacy in UN response to Iraq US opposition to “linkage” in Gulf War gun control gun culture Gush Katif Gusmao, Xanana Gypsies Ha’aretz Haddad, Sa’ad Haganah Haiti aftermath of coup in Aristide’s election in baseball production in Bush administration policies toward civil society in Clinton administration policies toward Clinton backing down on democratic institutions in Disney exploitation in drug trafficking in embargo and US trade with invasion by US nonviolence and poverty in prospects for refugees from, US policy toward softball production in US hostility to wages in Hamas Hamilton, Alexander Harbury, Jennifer Harding, Tonya hard times, myth of Harlem Harper’s Harvard Business School Harvard Medical School Harvard University Hasanfus, Eugene Havel, Vaclav health class as determinant of in Kerala US vs.


pages: 422 words: 113,525

Whole Earth Discipline: An Ecopragmatist Manifesto by Stewart Brand

agricultural Revolution, Asilomar, Asilomar Conference on Recombinant DNA, back-to-the-land, biofilm, borderless world, Buckminster Fuller, business process, Cass Sunstein, clean water, Community Supported Agriculture, conceptual framework, Danny Hillis, dark matter, decarbonisation, demographic dividend, demographic transition, Elon Musk, Exxon Valdez, failed state, Geoffrey West, Santa Fe Institute, glass ceiling, Google Earth, Hans Rosling, Hernando de Soto, informal economy, interchangeable parts, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invention of agriculture, invention of the steam engine, Jane Jacobs, jimmy wales, Kevin Kelly, Kibera, land tenure, lateral thinking, low earth orbit, M-Pesa, Marshall McLuhan, megacity, microbiome, New Urbanism, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, out of africa, Paul Graham, peak oil, Peter Calthorpe, Richard Florida, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, smart grid, stem cell, Stewart Brand, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, Thomas Malthus, University of East Anglia, uranium enrichment, urban renewal, wealth creators, Whole Earth Catalog, Whole Earth Review, William Langewiesche, working-age population, Y2K

The maize landraces, it turns out, have been swapping genes with commercial crops for decades with no loss of diversity; GE genes are expected to be no different in that respect. Landrace farmers are well aware of the problem of “inbreeding depression” (as they say, the maize “gets tired”—se cansa), so they routinely blend in other varieties, and also vagrant genes on the pollen are always blowing from cornfield to cornfield. Israeli plant scientist Jonathan Gressel describes the customary situation in Genetic Glass Ceilings: Transgenics for Crop Biodiversity (2007):There has been gene flow from commercial varieties of crops to/from landraces growing nearby, only to the betterment, at times, of one party or the other. The farmer preserves the landrace, morphologically, tastewise, but actually (inadvertently) selects for individuals that have also picked up genes for disease or stress tolerance, or higher yields.

Garreau, Joel Gates, Bill GenBank gene flow generation IV reactors gene splicing Genetically Modified Planet (Stewart) genetic engineering agriculture and American chestnut and GE vs. GM as abbreviation for gene transfer as intellectual property issue and mammoths and medicine and opposition to organic farming and pest control and plant toxicity and precautionary principle and precision of recombinant DNA research and religion and second generation of stories related to synthetic biology and violence and Genetic Glass Ceilings (Gressel) genetic inertia genetic use restriction technology (GURT) gene transfer genome, human geoengineering asteroid deflection and biochar and carbon-fixing algae and cloud machines and criticisms of governance and ocean water piping and space mirrors and stratospheric sulfates and see also ecosystem engineering geothermal energy Germany genetic engineering and Nazism and subscription farms and Gilman, Nils Gleick, Peter “Global Baby Bust, The” (Longman) Global Business Network/Monitor (GBN) global dimming Global Earth Observation System of Systems Global Fund for Women globalization Global Justice Ecology Project Global Metagenomics Initiative Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) Global Research Technologies Global Soil Map glyphosate (Roundup) Gofman, John Gold, Lois golden rice Goldsmith, Edward Gonsalves, Dennis Gore, Albert Gosliner, Terry Gottfried, David Gould, Stephen Jay Graham, Paul Grameen Bank Grameenphone Great Britain environmental movement and genetic engineering and nuclear power and GreenFacts.org greenhouse gases “Green Manhattan” (Owen) Green Party Greenpeace Green Phoenix (Allen) Green Revolution Gressel, Jonathan Griffith, Saul Growing Up Urban (UN) “Growth, Innovation, Scaling, and the Pace of Life in Cities” (West et al.)


pages: 399 words: 116,828

When Work Disappears: The World of the New Urban Poor by William Julius Wilson

affirmative action, business cycle, citizen journalism, collective bargaining, conceptual framework, declining real wages, deindustrialization, deliberate practice, desegregation, Donald Trump, edge city, ending welfare as we know it, fixed income, full employment, George Gilder, ghettoisation, glass ceiling, Gunnar Myrdal, income inequality, informal economy, jobless men, labor-force participation, longitudinal study, low skilled workers, low-wage service sector, manufacturing employment, mass immigration, new economy, New Urbanism, pink-collar, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, school choice, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Chicago School, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban renewal, War on Poverty, working poor, working-age population, Works Progress Administration

Tide VII also forbids employment discrimination by labor unions and employment agencies of any size, and by the executive branch of the federal government”(Bloch [1994], pp. 48–49) 40 However, if the more advantaged members of minority groups: Fiskin (1983). 41 Thus, policies of affirmative action: Fiskin (1983), Loury (1984), and Loury (1995). 42 quotation from William L. Taylor: Taylor (1986), p. 1714. 43 as long as minorities are underrepresented in higher-paying … positions: A recent report revealed that 95 percent of the senior management positions (vice president and above) are held by white men, who constitute only 29 percent of the workforce. Glass Ceiling Commission (1995). 44 some liberals have argued for a shift from an affirmative action based on race: See, for example, Kahlenberg (1995). 45 The major distinguishing characteristic … based on need: Fishkin (1983) has related this type of affirmative action to the principle of equality of life chances. Noel Salinger of the Harris School of Public Policy Studies, University of Chicago, helped to shape some of the views I express here on affirmative action. 46 the long-term intergenerational effects of having one’s life choices limited by race: Heckman (1995). 47 However, “a federal policy of rapid desegregation”: Jargowsky (1994), p. 310. 48 The gains, over a period of decades, could be substantial: Jargowsky (1994). 49 “But the experiment is being closely watched”: New York Times (1994). 50 quotation from Vivian Henderson, Henderson (1975), p. 54. 51 quotation from Joseph A.

Unemployed Parents: Evaluation of Effects of Welfare Benefits on Family Stability. PEMD-92–19BR. Washington, D.C. Gilder, George. 1981. Wealth and Poverty. New York: Basic Books. Gittleman, Maury B., and David R. Howell. 1993. “Job Quality and Labor Market Segmentation in the 1980s: A New Perspective on the Effects of Employment Restructuring by Race and Gender.” Working paper no. 82, Jerome Levy Economics Institute, Bard College, March. Glass Ceiling Commission. 1995. “Good for Business: Making Full Use of the Nation’s Human Capital.” U.S. Department of Labor, March. Greenberg, Mark. 1993. Beyond Stereotypes: What State AFDC Studies on Length of Stay Tell Us About Welfare as a “Way of Life.” Center for Law and Social Policy. Greenstein, Robert. 1991. “Universal and Targeted Approaches to Relieving Poverty: An Alternative View.” In The Urban Underclass, edited by Christopher Jencks and Paul E.


Decoding Organization: Bletchley Park, Codebreaking and Organization Studies by Christopher Grey

call centre, computer age, glass ceiling, index card, iterative process, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, old-boy network

(Hill, 2004: 79) There were examples of women being promoted from humdrum roles: Miss White . . . who originally served as a secretary to the Naval Section head . . . was ‘found to have the makings of a quite passable’ cryptanalyst, high praise in these circles30, and so she moved into that capacity. (Ratcliff, 2006: 81) 158 s p l i n t e r s o f c u l t u r e a t b l e t c h l e y p a r k However, it is very hard to find such examples; more common were experiences such as the way that Despite their acknowledged worth, Wrens still encountered a ‘glass ceiling’ obstructing their promotion and imposing on them, almost without exception, male bosses . . . [a] woman’s role was typically seen as servicing the needs of other, more senior staff . . . [one] Wren wryly comments: ‘we could make tea or coffee and handed it out to the elite, the linguists’. (Hill, 2004: 78) Within this context, the often-mentioned meritocracy of working methods (e.g. Calvocoressi, 2001: 83) in accounts of life at BP, which will be discussed in the next chapter, has to be qualified by a recognition of its gendered limits, a recognition found, indeed, in one such account: [The] whole structure [of Hut 6] was one where you might readily find a Major working under a Lieutenant or under a civilian, somewhat younger.

., 48, 56, 62–63, 68, 81, 91 Vincent, Professor Eric 199–200 W/T Co-ordination section 200 WAAF 59 Wall, Geoffrey, 230 War Office (WO) 54 Waterman, R. 165 Watkins, Gwen 195 Watson, Tony 2, 250 Wavendon out station 151 weather ciphers, breaking of 224–225 Weber, Max 12, 231, 245 Weick, K. 17, 100, 261 Welchman, Gordon 29, 44, 74, 182, 184–185, 200, 204 on Alan Bradshaw 73 appeal to Churchill 91 breaking of security rules 127 dispute with MI8 61–62 establishment of organizational infrastructure 83–85, 98, 100, 102, 237, 257 liaison with BTMC 233 on morale 190–191 recruitment of 133, 181 and recruitment 179, 185 on Traffic Analysis 82 ‘Wicked Uncles’ letter 91–93, 162 Whipp, R. 12 Whitehall 54 Wilson, Angus 164 322 i n d e x Winterbotham, Group Captain Frederick 103, 129–130, 203 Wireless Telegraphy Intelligence (WTI), and cryptography 82–83 see also Traffic Analysis women 55 division of labour and 3 promotion of 157–158 recruitment of 133–135 roles of 156–159 see also Wrens Women’s Welfare Committee 160, 201 World War II, cultural effects 30–31 Wrens 135, 147–148 accommodation and cultural experience 150–151 glass ceiling 158 management of 188 work roles 157, 158 see also WRNS Wright Mills, Charles 7 WRNS culture 150–151 outstations, number of staff 174 see also Wrens Wylie, Shaun 185, 225 Y Board 54, 60–61, 62, 90 Y stations 36, 80–81, 135, 194–195, 215 intercept staff 144 monotony in 192 Y sub-committee 48 ‘Y’ wars 60, 88 ZTC Ryland 7–8


pages: 367 words: 117,340

America, You Sexy Bitch: A Love Letter to Freedom by Meghan McCain, Michael Black

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, carbon footprint, Columbine, fear of failure, feminist movement, glass ceiling, income inequality, obamacare, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Tony Hsieh, too big to fail, white picket fence

Yes, ladies and gentlemen, Meghan McCain’s first exposure to oral sex was also, sadly, political. While I dislike President Clinton, and am actually one of those people who still think it was deplorable that he got an intern to blow him in the West Wing during business hours, I am a big fan of Hillary’s. I disagree with many, many of her policies but have a respect for the fact that she pushed through many doors and shattered many glass ceilings for women in politics. I love women who don’t put up with shit, and Hillary clearly doesn’t. Michael seems to have very little problem with the Clinton-Lewinsky affair, at least in terms of the presidency. I’m not a prude or a hypocrite. I have been very, very honest about the kind of lifestyle I lead, which in Republican circles, is actually considered by some to be controversial. I am pro-life and I don’t believe in abortion, except in cases of rape and incest.

If the world of politics is crazy, then the world of media and politics is crazier. I am not an actress or a model. Yet the same beauty standards are applied to women in politics, and the sterotypes are more extreme. One gets to be Sarah Palin, the gorgeous, stupid airhead. Or Hillary Clinton, the aging, mercenary bitch. I do not think nor believe those should be the only options for women in politics. I want to do everything; I want to help break glass ceilings that have already started cracking before me. I want to fight for what I believe in, use my voice, speak out, help make change, and be allowed to wear clothes that make me feel like a sexy woman. Over our first drink of the day, I spill to Michael and Stephie. I spill all of the failures, the paranoias and fears I think most people have on some level or another. That I’m not going to make an impact.


pages: 425 words: 116,409

Hidden Figures by Margot Lee Shetterly

affirmative action, Charles Lindbergh, cognitive dissonance, desegregation, en.wikipedia.org, European colonialism, glass ceiling, Gunnar Myrdal, low earth orbit, Mahatma Gandhi, New Journalism, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, RAND corporation, Rosa Parks, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, upwardly mobile, women in the workforce, éminence grise

Even seemingly small barriers conspired to keep larger numbers of women from advancing: until 1967, the Langley Field golf course—as in other workplaces, a prime location for networking—restricted women to playing during the workday, rather than allowing them to golf alongside men after work. In 1979, Mary Jackson was fifty-eight years old and coming to the conclusion that she had probably hit the glass ceiling. It would have been easy for her to reap the benefits of seniority, reducing her workload and taking a long coast toward retirement. Even if the next promotion eluded her, she still had the prestige of being an engineer and the satisfaction of knowing how hard she had worked to arrive at this point. But a position opened up in the Human Resources Division, and Mary’s name was floated to fill it: Federal Women’s Program Manager, charged with pushing for the advancement of all of the women at the center.

Jackson, Federal Women’s Program Coordinator,” LHA, October 1979. 255 This was a contrast with Goddard: Dunnigan, “Two Women Chart Way for Astronauts.” 255 “to place a woman in at least one:” Edgar Cortright to Grove Webster, “NASA Plans to Attract More Qualified Women to Government Positions,” June 11, 1971, NARA Phil. 255 restricted women to playing during the workday: Sharon H. Stack, personal interview, April 22, 2014. 255 she had probably hit the glass ceiling: Champine interview. 256 instrumental in bringing the separate: Mary Winston Jackson Obituary program, February 17, 2005, in author’s possession. 256 equal opportunity employment counselor: “Meet Your EEO Counselors: Mary Jackson,” Langley Researcher, June 23, 1972. 256 Langley’s Federal Women’s Program Advisory Committee: “Advisory Committee,” Langley Researcher, May 11, 1973. 257 “fantasy that men were uniquely gifted”: Fries, “The History of Women in NASA.” 258 “everybody’s daddy had a plane”: Gloria Champine, personal interview, July 23, 2014. 258 the “crazy things”: Gloria Champine, “XB-15: First of the Big Bombers of World War II,” NASA History website, http://crgis.ndc.nasa.gov/historic/XB-15.


pages: 463 words: 115,103

Head, Hand, Heart: Why Intelligence Is Over-Rewarded, Manual Workers Matter, and Caregivers Deserve More Respect by David Goodhart

active measures, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, assortative mating, basic income, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, big-box store, Boris Johnson, Branko Milanovic, British Empire, call centre, Cass Sunstein, central bank independence, centre right, computer age, corporate social responsibility, COVID-19, Covid-19, David Attenborough, David Brooks, deglobalization, deindustrialization, delayed gratification, desegregation, deskilling, different worldview, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, Etonian, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Flynn Effect, Frederick Winslow Taylor, future of work, gender pay gap, gig economy, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, income inequality, James Hargreaves, James Watt: steam engine, Jeff Bezos, job automation, job satisfaction, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, labour market flexibility, longitudinal study, low skilled workers, Mark Zuckerberg, mass immigration, new economy, Nicholas Carr, oil shock, pattern recognition, Peter Thiel, pink-collar, post-industrial society, post-materialism, postindustrial economy, precariat, reshoring, Richard Florida, Scientific racism, Skype, social intelligence, spinning jenny, Steven Pinker, superintelligent machines, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, Thorstein Veblen, twin studies, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, universal basic income, upwardly mobile, wages for housework, winner-take-all economy, women in the workforce, young professional

In 2017, 42 percent of UK employers said they were struggling to fill vacancies for skilled trades jobs.6 It is a similar story in the United States. Meanwhile, Heart jobs in social care for the elderly, early-years education, and child care continue to be undervalued and often underpaid. Most nursery workers earn around £17,000 a year and a baby-sitter, even in London, is paid about £6 an hour per child. Today’s women’s equality movement has focused primarily on breaking glass ceilings and competing equally with men in the world of professional careers. It has been more ambivalent about trying to raise the status of caring and nurturing occupations, which are associated with traditionally female roles. Women now have many more opportunities than in the 1950s or 1960s and fewer are volunteering for caring roles. Not many men are picking up the slack. In part, this explains the crisis in social care and in nurse recruitment.

Germany needs to double its social care workforce in the next twenty years yet is already facing recruitment difficulties.33 It is a similar story in most rich countries. Women and Care There is one benign reason for the crisis of recruitment in care jobs, especially nursing: women have many more career options today than they did fifty years ago and, on average, are better educated. Nurse recruitment has undoubtedly suffered from the breaking of glass ceilings. In the decades after the Second World War, some of the most capable women in rich countries were working as ward sisters or primary school heads. Their daughters are partners in city law firms, management consultants, or, indeed, medical consultants. Society as a whole has benefited from this greater freedom for women, but many parts of the care economy, including teaching, have suffered. My late mother-in-law, Deborah Kellaway, illustrates the generational shift.


pages: 171 words: 42,590

Menopause Mondays: The Girlfriend's Guide to Surviving and Thriving During Perimenopause and Menopause by Ellen Dolgen, Jack Dolgen

glass ceiling, placebo effect, pre–internet, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), women in the workforce

The top three were: poor concentration, tiredness, and poor memory. More than ¾ of the respondents said their job performance had been negatively affected by their menopausal symptoms, or that their performance would have been affected had they not put in additional effort to overcome those symptoms. Perhaps not surprisingly, 70% of women had not told their managers that they were experiencing menopause. Women have been busting through the glass ceiling for decades now. Women are CEOs of some of the biggest companies in the world. Yet that shame and secrecy that we’ve inherited from our grandmothers and mothers about perimenopause and menopause has followed 21st Century women right into the boardroom. Until I was able to get my symptoms under control with HT, I faced hot flashes at work the same way I deal with everything I find difficult—head on and with humor.


Top 10 Brussels, Bruges, Antwerp & Ghent by Antony Mason

glass ceiling, haute couture, Mercator projection, walkable city

Visitor Information Hôtel de Ville guided tours start 3pm Wed, 10am & 2pm Sun; arrive 15 minutes before 02 548 04 47 Tour: €5 Maison du Roi (Musée de la Ville de Bruxelles) open 10am–5pm Tue–Sun 02 279 43 50 Admission: €4 Musée du Cacao et du Chocolat off the Grand Place open 10am–4:30pm Tue–Sun 02 514 20 48 Admission: €5.50 Maison des Brasseurs (Musée de la Brasserie) open 10am–5pm daily 02 511 4987 Adm: €6 < Top 10 of Brussels, Bruges Antwerp & Ghent Around the Grand Place Manneken-Pis No one knows why this tiny bronze statue of a boy peeing a jet of water has become such a cherished symbol of Brussels, but it has. Since the early 18th century, costumes of all kinds have been made for him; he now has over 800. corner of Rue de l´Étuve and Rue du Chêne Galeries Royales de Saint-Hubert Galeries Royales de Saint-Hubert Built in 1847, this was the first shopping arcade in Europe, and boasts magnificent vaulted glass ceilings. Rues des Bouchers Rue des Bouchers Many of the streets around the Grand Place reflect the trades that once operated there. The “Street of the Butchers” and its intersecting Petite Rue des Bouchers are famous for their lively restaurants and colourful displays of food. Église Saint-Nicolas St Nicholas of Myra – a.k.a. Santa Claus – was the patron saint of merchants, and this church has served the traders of the Grand Place and surrounds since the 14th century.


New Localism and Regeneration Management by Jon Coaffee

glass ceiling, Kickstarter, place-making, post-industrial society, the built environment, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal

Schemes since the 1970s have included the community development programme, training projects for disadvantaged group through the European social fund, locality funding through the single regeneration budget and later neighbourhood renewal funding in specified cities, national programmes such as the health action zones, sure start etc. 3. The National Audit Office – a report by the controller and auditor general on supporting innovation: managing risk in government departments 2000. The leadership role of women 137 IJPSM 18,2 138 References Adebowale, L. (2004), “Marginal points in Health Service Journal”, Health Service Journal, 3 June, pp. 43-4,. Baxter, J. and Wright, E.O. (2000), “The glass ceiling hypothesis: a comparative study of the United States, Sweden and Australia”, Gender and Society, Vol. 14 No. 2, pp. 275-95. Blair, T. (2002), “I have learned the limits of government”, Renewal, Vol. 10 No. 2. Carless, S.A. (1998), “Gender differences in transformational leadership: an examination of superior, leader and subordinate perspectives”, Sex Roles, Vol. 39 No. 11/12, pp. 887-902. Catalyst (2001), “2001 Catalyst census of women board directors of Fortune 1000”, available at: www.catalyst.org/research/censuses.htm Edwards, N. (2004), “Comment in the Health Service Journal”, Health Service Journal, 5 February.


pages: 402 words: 126,835

The Job: The Future of Work in the Modern Era by Ellen Ruppel Shell

3D printing, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, airport security, Albert Einstein, Amazon Mechanical Turk, basic income, Baxter: Rethink Robotics, big-box store, blue-collar work, Buckminster Fuller, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Clayton Christensen, cloud computing, collective bargaining, computer vision, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, deskilling, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, factory automation, follow your passion, Frederick Winslow Taylor, future of work, game design, glass ceiling, hiring and firing, immigration reform, income inequality, industrial robot, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, job automation, job satisfaction, John Markoff, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, Joseph Schumpeter, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, Kodak vs Instagram, labor-force participation, low skilled workers, Lyft, manufacturing employment, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, means of production, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, new economy, Norbert Wiener, obamacare, offshore financial centre, Paul Samuelson, precariat, Ralph Waldo Emerson, risk tolerance, Robert Gordon, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Rodney Brooks, Ronald Reagan, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, shareholder value, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Snapchat, Steve Jobs, The Chicago School, Thomas L Friedman, Thorstein Veblen, Tim Cook: Apple, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, universal basic income, urban renewal, white picket fence, working poor, Y Combinator, young professional, zero-sum game

And over time, even this small “degree bonus” ebbed away: in middle age, college graduates who started life poor had on average lower incomes than did nondegree holders born into the middle class. The scholars conclude: “Our key finding is that the proportional increase in career earnings from obtaining a bachelor’s degree, relative to a high school diploma, is much smaller for individuals from lower-income families compared to those from higher-income families….Individuals from poorer backgrounds may be encountering a glass ceiling that even a bachelor’s degree does not break.” This phenomenon is not unique to the United States. As noted earlier, South Korea is the world’s largest producer of college graduates per capita, and at last count, over 50 percent of the total unemployed population in South Korea have college degrees. There, the “education premium” seems no longer to apply: the average lifetime earnings of college graduates in South Korea have recently sunk below those of high school graduates.

While this data seems to indicate that only 11.2 percent of student loan debt is delinquent, the fine print reveals that delinquency rates for student loans are likely to understate effective delinquency rates because about half of these loans are currently in deferment, in grace periods, or in forbearance and therefore temporarily not in the repayment cycle. This implies that among loans in the repayment cycle delinquency rates are roughly twice as high. college graduates who started life poor Brad Hershbein, “A College Degree Is Worth Less If You Are Raised Poor,” Brookings Institute, February 19, 2016, https://www.brookings.edu/​blog/​social-mobility-memos/​2016/​02/​19/​a-college-degree-is-worth-less-if-you-are-raised-poor/. “a glass ceiling that even a bachelor’s degree does not break” Timothy J. Bartik and Brad Hershbein, “Degrees of Poverty: Family Income Background and the College Earnings Premium,” Employment Research 23, no. 3 (2016): 1–3, https://doi.org/​10.17848/​1075-8445.23(3)-1. South Korea is the world’s largest producer Karin Fischer, “When Everyone Goes to College: A Lesson from South Korea,” Chronicle of Higher Education, May 1, 2016, https://www.chronicle.com/​article/​When-Everyone-Goes-to-College-/​236313. 37 percent of young adults hold a bachelor’s degree See Ryan and Bauman, “Educational Attainment.”


pages: 1,085 words: 219,144

Solr in Action by Trey Grainger, Timothy Potter

business intelligence, cloud computing, commoditize, conceptual framework, crowdsourcing, data acquisition, en.wikipedia.org, failed state, fault tolerance, finite state, full text search, glass ceiling, information retrieval, natural language processing, openstreetmap, performance metric, premature optimization, recommendation engine, web application

Table 9.2 shows the eight fragments generated by GapFragmenter for the second document in our search results; the sighting description is 742 characters long, so generating eight fragments makes sense (seven fragments of roughly 100 characters and one short fragment with the remaining characters). Table 9.2. Breakdown of eight fragments with scores generated for an example UFO sighting Fragment Score Brilliant blue oblong object zooms horizontally across southern sky at 2 in the morning. I awoke 1.0 suddenly because of the silence. Rain had been thundering on the glass ceiling, but suddenly I woke up 1.0 realizing the rain had stopped and there was complete silence (I sleep with windows open.) I looked 1.0 at the clock ... 2 AM ... and I looked at the sky through the glass ceiling. (I live on a lake so have a clear 0.0 view of the southern sky with no interference from trees, lights or houses.) Every star in the universe 0.0 was shining and suddenly, across the horizon, zoomed a brilliant blue something ... from west to east 1.0 . Horizontal, no arc. Fast. Huge.

Notice that the additional terms returned by the default highlighter (Not a lightning storm, no thunder) are not returned by PostingsHighlighter. Behind the scenes, PostingsHighlighter uses a sentence-aware approach to fragmenting based on Java’s BreakIterator class (see java.text.BreakIterator). For the second document in the results set for listing 9.2, PostingsHighlighter returns Brilliant blue oblong object zooms horizontally across southern sky at 2 in the morning. ... Rain had been thundering on the glass ceiling, but suddenly I woke up realizing the rain had stopped and there was complete silence (I sleep with windows open.) Unlike the other highlighters, PostingsHighlighter returns all snippets in one continuous string separated by an ellipsis (...). In addition to the benefits of speed and reduced indexing overhead, Postings-Highlighter uses a more advanced similarity calculation, called BM25, for scoring fragments.


Fodor's Normandy, Brittany & the Best of the North With Paris by Fodor's

call centre, car-free, glass ceiling, happiness index / gross national happiness, haute couture, haute cuisine, Henri Poincaré, Kickstarter, Murano, Venice glass, Nelson Mandela, urban planning, young professional

. $–$$ | Built in the late 19th century for a prominent ship owner, this picturesque stone house nestles right up to Paimpol’s main quay, with a view over a yacht and sailboat-stocked marina. Most of the 17 rooms have harbor views, and, if you’re lucky enough to nab No. 6, breakfast can be had on your own flower-bedecked balcony. Or if you prefer to catch some moonbeams, the Capitaine room offers a glass ceiling and splendid views from the bed. Although this family-run hotel focuses mostly on comfort and coziness rather than all-out luxury, the rooms—many with fireplaces and asian rugs—are quaintly decorated with traditional Breton touches, includingclassic armoires. The L’Islandais restaurant-creperie, in an old cod fisherman’s house, offers traditional Breton fare, including a bargain €18.50 menu.

In-hotel: Internet terminal, some pets allowed | AE, MC, V | Station: Trinité Hôtel Royal Fromentin. $$ | At the border of Montmartre’s now tamed red-light district sits this former cabaret with much of its Art Deco wood paneling and theatrical trappings intact. Prices are at the low end of its category. The hotel has dark, rich decor, with green walls, red armchairs, an antique caged elevator, and vaudeville posters in the stained-glass-ceiling lounge. Reproduction furniture, antique prints and oils, and busy modern fabrics fill out the larger-than-average rooms. Some windows face Sacré-Coeur. Guests receive a complimentary book illustrating the history of absinthe, which is once again served in the hotel’s historic bar. Pros: spacious rooms for the price; historic absinthe bar; close to Sacré-Coeur. Cons: some guests may find neighborhood peep shows and sex shops disturbing; far from the center of Paris. | 11 rueFromentin | 75009 | 01–48–74–85–93 | www.hotelroyalfromentin.com | 47 rooms | In-room: no a/c, Wi-Fi.


pages: 497 words: 130,817

Pedigree: How Elite Students Get Elite Jobs by Lauren A. Rivera

affirmative action, availability heuristic, barriers to entry, Donald Trump, fundamental attribution error, glass ceiling, income inequality, job satisfaction, knowledge economy, meta analysis, meta-analysis, new economy, performance metric, profit maximization, profit motive, school choice, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, The Wisdom of Crowds, unpaid internship, women in the workforce, young professional

BRENT: We don’t see a lot of students from top-tier schools at those job fairs; we’re seeing mostly students from middle- to what we would consider lower-tier schools…. We have plenty of really good students from top schools that we don’t have to [recruit from lower tiers]. LAUREN: Why do you think prestige is important? BRENT: Because that’s the base the firm wants. Because the partners are from those schools. Such pressures could result in a glass ceiling for minority students who did not attend top-ranked schools. In theory, the fairs gave these students opportunities to enter the pipeline. But in practice, since firms excluded from consideration most candidates from lower-tier schools, diversity fairs were a set of false doors. Of course, there were exceptions. These included students whose high-status connections to a firm linked them to individual sponsors (this is discussed in the next section), those who had been selected by third-party organizations to participate in special internship programs designated specifically for minority candidates (e.g., Sponsors for Educational Opportunity [SEO], discussed in chapter 10), and in the case of law firms, students who had clerked for reputable judges.37 Yet these types of entry tended to be distributed differentially according to school prestige, race, and socioeconomic status.

Forthcoming. “Go with Your Gut: Emotion and Evaluation in Hiring.” American Journal of Sociology. Rivera, Lauren, and Michèle Lamont. 2012. “Price vs. Pets, Schools vs. Styles: The Residential Priorities of the American Upper-Middle Class.” Presentation at the Eastern Sociological Association annual meeting, New York, August. Rivera, Lauren, Jayanti Owens, and Katherine Gan. 2015. “Glass Floors and Glass Ceilings: Sex Homophily and Heterophily in Hiring.” Working paper, Northwestern University. Rokeach, Milton. 1979. Understanding Human Values. New York: Free Press. Roose, Kevin. 2014. Young Money: Inside the Hidden World of Wall Street’s Post-Crash Recruits. New York: Grand Central Publishing. Roscigno, Vincent. 2007. The Face of Discrimination: How Race and Gender Impact Work and Home Lives. New York: Rowman and Littlefield.


pages: 172 words: 48,747

The View From Flyover Country: Dispatches From the Forgotten America by Sarah Kendzior

"side hustle", Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, American ideology, barriers to entry, clean water, corporate personhood, crowdsourcing, David Brooks, David Graeber, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, George Santayana, glass ceiling, income inequality, low skilled workers, Lyft, Marshall McLuhan, Mohammed Bouazizi, new economy, obamacare, Occupy movement, payday loans, pink-collar, post-work, publish or perish, Richard Florida, ride hailing / ride sharing, Silicon Valley, the medium is the message, trickle-down economics, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, unpaid internship, Upton Sinclair, urban decay, War on Poverty, WikiLeaks, women in the workforce

In international relations literature, women are systematically cited less than men. The majority of foreign policy bloggers and the vast majority of op-ed writers—with estimates ranging from 80 to 90 percent—are men. When lists of intellectuals are made, women tend to appear in a second-round, outrage-borne draft. Female intellectuals gain prominence through tales of their exclusion. They are known for being forgotten. People talk about the glass ceiling, but it is really a glass box. Everyone can see you struggling to move. There is an echo in the glass box as your voice fails to carry. You want to talk about it, but that runs the risk of making all people hear. Balancing Career with Motherhood Before the summer of 2012, Anne-Marie Slaughter was best known as an international relations theorist and advisor to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.


pages: 177 words: 50,167

The Populist Explosion: How the Great Recession Transformed American and European Politics by John B. Judis

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, back-to-the-land, Bernie Sanders, Boris Johnson, Bretton Woods, capital controls, centre right, collapse of Lehman Brothers, deindustrialization, desegregation, Donald Trump, eurozone crisis, financial deregulation, first-past-the-post, fixed income, full employment, ghettoisation, glass ceiling, hiring and firing, illegal immigration, immigration reform, income inequality, invisible hand, laissez-faire capitalism, mass immigration, means of production, neoliberal agenda, obamacare, Occupy movement, open borders, plutocrats, Plutocrats, post-materialism, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, War on Poverty, We are the 99%, white flight, Winter of Discontent

Fearful of a Le Pen victory, Jospin and the Socialists advised their voters to support the unpopular incumbent Jacques Chirac, the candidate of the center-right Rally for the Republic, in the next round. As a result, Chirac was able to rout Le Pen, 82 percent to 18 percent, in the final runoff. Le Pen’s failure in the second round suggested that there were strict limits to the FN’s popularity. Too many voters identified the FN with the hated Vichy regime and thought of its leader as an anti-Semitic extremist. As his daughter Marine Le Pen put it, there was a “glass ceiling” that the FN could not break through. The 2007 election appeared to confirm that. Nicolas Sarkozy, who had been interior minister in Chirac’s administration, and was running as the candidate of the center-right UMP, took a hard line against the immigrant youths who had rioted in 2005 and against immigrants in general. If they don’t “love France,” he declared, they should “leave it,” and he proposed cutting immigration.


pages: 389 words: 210,632

Frommer's Oregon by Karl Samson

airport security, Burning Man, carbon footprint, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, indoor plumbing, sustainable-tourism, transcontinental railway, upwardly mobile, urban renewal, urban sprawl, white picket fence, Works Progress Administration

Expensive Arch Cape House A cedar-shingled château on the Oregon coast? Seems like a natural to me. Not only is this country inn a gorgeous interpretation of a French château, but it is one of the most luxurious lodging places on the entire coast. Each of the rooms fulfills a different fantasy of the perfect romantic escape. There is the Tower Room, with its circular breakfast nook and soaking tub; the Tapestry Room, with a stained-glass ceiling and a soaking tub; and the Tuscan spa, with a stone sink and private sauna. Lavish three-course breakfasts are served in the conservatory, and a dining room serves full dinners as well. So luxurious is this place that the fact that you aren’t right on the beach doesn’t even seem to matter. 31970 E. Ocean Lane, Arch Cape, OR 97102. & 800/436-2848 or 503/436-2800. Fax 503/436-1206. www. archcapeinn.com. 10 units. $179–$399 double.

Amenities: Restaurant, lounge. In room: No phone. In Baker City Built in 1889 at the height of the region’s gold rush, the Geiser Grand is by far the grandest hotel in eastern Oregon. With its corner turret and clock tower, the hotel is a classic 19th-century Western luxury hotel. In the center of the hotel is the Geiser Grill (p. 348) dining room, above which is suspended the largest stained-glass ceiling in the Northwest. Throughout the hotel, including in all the guest rooms, ornate crystal chandeliers add a crowning touch. Guest rooms also feature 10-foot windows, most of which look out to the Blue Mountains. The two cupola suites are the most luxurious, and evocative of the past. These two suites also have whirlpool tubs. Meals are served both in the formal dining room and in the much more relaxed 1889 Geiser Grand Hotel 15_537718-ch12.indd 347 L A G R A N D E , B A K E R C I T Y & T H E B LU E M O U N TA I N S In Union 3/17/10 2:08 PM 348 saloon.

Baker City Café SANDWICHES/PIZZA Locals flock to this casual, down-home spot not only for its good pizza by the slice, but also for its fun country-clutter sort of decor. If you’re not in the mood for pizza, there are also sandwiches, soups, and a daily pasta dish on the menu. 1840 Main St. & 541/523-6099. Main courses $6–$15. DISC, MC, V. Mon–Fri 10am–3pm; Sat 11am–2pm. Geiser Grill AMERICAN Located in the central court of the historic Geiser Grand Hotel (p. 347), this restaurant, with its stained-glass ceiling, conjures a gold-rushera elegance. Mesquite-smoked prime rib and the wide variety of steaks are always good 15_537718-ch12.indd 348 3/17/10 2:08 PM 349 Chinese History in Eastern Oregon In the Geiser Grand Hotel, 1996 Main St. & 541/523-1889. www.geisergrand.com. Reservations recommended. Main courses $4–$19. AE, MC, V. Mon–Fri 7–10am, 11am–2pm, and 4:30–9pm; Sat–Sun 7am– 2pm and 4:30–9pm.


pages: 209 words: 53,236

The Scandal of Money by George Gilder

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, bank run, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, blockchain, borderless world, Bretton Woods, capital controls, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Carmen Reinhart, central bank independence, Claude Shannon: information theory, Clayton Christensen, cloud computing, corporate governance, cryptocurrency, currency manipulation / currency intervention, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, Deng Xiaoping, disintermediation, Donald Trump, fiat currency, financial innovation, Fractional reserve banking, full employment, George Gilder, glass ceiling, Home mortgage interest deduction, index fund, indoor plumbing, industrial robot, inflation targeting, informal economy, Innovator's Dilemma, Internet of things, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, John von Neumann, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Rogoff, knowledge economy, Law of Accelerating Returns, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, Metcalfe’s law, money: store of value / unit of account / medium of exchange, mortgage tax deduction, obamacare, Paul Samuelson, Peter Thiel, Ponzi scheme, price stability, Productivity paradox, purchasing power parity, quantitative easing, quantitative trading / quantitative finance, Ray Kurzweil, reserve currency, road to serfdom, Robert Gordon, Robert Metcalfe, Ronald Reagan, Sand Hill Road, Satoshi Nakamoto, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, secular stagnation, seigniorage, Silicon Valley, smart grid, South China Sea, special drawing rights, The Great Moderation, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Tim Cook: Apple, time value of money, too big to fail, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, Turing machine, winner-take-all economy, yield curve, zero-sum game

What is really going on is the displacement of the open and rabble-run IPO market by an exclusive game of horse trading among the most exalted elite of “qualified investors,” the owners of the leviathans of the last generation of IPOs. Capped by such regulatory tolls and encumbrances as the accounting mazes of Sarbanes-Oxley, Fair Disclosure’s code of omertà, and the EPA’s “cautionary principle” barring innovative manufacturing, the new Silicon Valley confines ascendant companies beneath a glass ceiling. From Apple to Google, a few public giants dominate this private-company market since they are the only potential buyers. Within this confined space, every titan is more eager to purchase his start-up rivals than to compete with them. Whitewashed and fitted out with shiny horns, the aspiring “unicorns” shuffle through the corrals of Sand Hill Road and the carrels of Cupertino, seeking sustenance from smart-set venture capitalists and international tech tycoons.


pages: 198 words: 52,089

Dream Hoarders: How the American Upper Middle Class Is Leaving Everyone Else in the Dust, Why That Is a Problem, and What to Do About It by Richard V. Reeves

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, assortative mating, Bernie Sanders, Branko Milanovic, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, circulation of elites, cognitive dissonance, desegregation, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, full employment, ghettoisation, glass ceiling, helicopter parent, Home mortgage interest deduction, housing crisis, income inequality, knowledge economy, land value tax, longitudinal study, mortgage tax deduction, obamacare, Occupy movement, plutocrats, Plutocrats, positional goods, race to the bottom, randomized controlled trial, unpaid internship, upwardly mobile, War on Poverty, We are the 99%, working-age population, zero-sum game

But it is a stubborn mathematical fact that, at any given time, the top fifth of the income distribution can accommodate only 20 percent of the population. Relative intergenerational mobility is necessarily a zero-sum game. For one person to move up the ladder, somebody else must move down. Sometimes that will have to be one of our own children. Otherwise the glass floor protecting affluent kids from falling acts also as a glass ceiling, blocking upward mobility for those born on a lower rung of the ladder. The problem we face is not just class separation, but class perpetuation. There are two factors driving class perpetuation at the top: the unequal development of “market merit” and some unfair “opportunity hoarding.” MARKET MERITOCRACY REWARDS SKILLS DEVELOPED BY THE UPPER MIDDLE CLASS In a market economy, the people who develop the skills and attributes valued in the market will have better outcomes.


Britannia Unchained: Global Lessons for Growth and Prosperity by Kwasi Kwarteng, Priti Patel, Dominic Raab, Chris Skidmore, Elizabeth Truss

Airbnb, banking crisis, Carmen Reinhart, central bank independence, clockwatching, creative destruction, Credit Default Swap, demographic dividend, Edward Glaeser, eurozone crisis, fear of failure, glass ceiling, informal economy, James Dyson, Kenneth Rogoff, knowledge economy, long peace, margin call, Mark Zuckerberg, Martin Wolf, megacity, Mexican peso crisis / tequila crisis, Neil Kinnock, new economy, North Sea oil, oil shock, open economy, paypal mafia, pension reform, price stability, profit motive, Ronald Reagan, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, Stanford marshmallow experiment, Steve Jobs, Walter Mischel, wealth creators, Winter of Discontent, working-age population, Yom Kippur War

Worse still, state dependency in Britain actively defers people from working. A YouGov poll in 2008 found that just a quarter of benefit claimants thought they would be better off from working; 39 per cent were convinced they would be worse off if they worked harder.39 As the Centre for Social Justice has documented, for too long work has not paid. The loss of benefits from taking up a new job has been as great as any gain in wages. Welfare dependency has created a glass ceiling that prevents climbing the employment ladder. For one single mother interviewed, Jane, taking into account the withdrawal of Work Ethic 71 benefits, 75 per cent of her increased earning potential would be offset by the loss of benefits, resulting in a negligible economic incentive to take on a job.40 Another growing cost to work is the burden from childcare. Childcare costs have risen for each year over the last decade.


pages: 499 words: 144,278

Coders: The Making of a New Tribe and the Remaking of the World by Clive Thompson

2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, 4chan, 8-hour work day, Ada Lovelace, AI winter, Airbnb, Amazon Web Services, Asperger Syndrome, augmented reality, Ayatollah Khomeini, barriers to entry, basic income, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, blockchain, blue-collar work, Brewster Kahle, Brian Krebs, Broken windows theory, call centre, cellular automata, Chelsea Manning, clean water, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, computer vision, Conway's Game of Life, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, Danny Hillis, David Heinemeier Hansson, don't be evil, don't repeat yourself, Donald Trump, dumpster diving, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, Ernest Rutherford, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, Firefox, Frederick Winslow Taylor, game design, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Google Hangouts, Google X / Alphabet X, Grace Hopper, Guido van Rossum, Hacker Ethic, HyperCard, illegal immigration, ImageNet competition, Internet Archive, Internet of things, Jane Jacobs, John Markoff, Jony Ive, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, Larry Wall, lone genius, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Shuttleworth, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, microservices, Minecraft, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Nate Silver, Network effects, neurotypical, Nicholas Carr, Oculus Rift, PageRank, pattern recognition, Paul Graham, paypal mafia, Peter Thiel, pink-collar, planetary scale, profit motive, ransomware, recommendation engine, Richard Stallman, ride hailing / ride sharing, Rubik’s Cube, Ruby on Rails, Sam Altman, Satoshi Nakamoto, Saturday Night Live, self-driving car, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Silicon Valley startup, single-payer health, Skype, smart contracts, Snapchat, social software, software is eating the world, sorting algorithm, South of Market, San Francisco, speech recognition, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, TaskRabbit, the High Line, Travis Kalanick, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, universal basic income, urban planning, Wall-E, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, WikiLeaks, women in the workforce, Y Combinator, Zimmermann PGP, éminence grise

The prominent women in coding could see things changing as the ’70s wore on. Fran Allen of IBM watched as she became the increasingly rare female coder in the room. “As it became a profession . . . it became an avenue that women were pretty much shut out of—in general,” Allen told Abatte. “There were fewer women.” There were still pockets of prominent women, particularly in professional societies, and areas like compilers. But “in lots of places, there was a huge glass ceiling.” She stuck through to the end, though, and by the early ’00s she was still hacking at IBM, helping to create Blue Gene, the computer that would become the basis of Watson, IBM’s elite artificial intelligence. If we wanted to pinpoint a moment when things flipped, we could look at one year in particular: 1984. That’s when women started moving out of bachelor’s computer science degrees. In the decade leading up to 1984, both men and women were increasingly interested in programming.

in today’s money: Ensmenger, “Making Programming Masculine”; the illustrations of the Cosmopolitan article appear in a version of this article published on Ensmenger’s page at the University of Indiana, accessed August 18, 2018, http://homes.sice.indiana.edu/nensmeng/files/ensmenger-gender.pdf. “I thought it was women’s work”: Janet Abbate, “Oral-History: Elsie Shutt,” Engineering and Technology History Wiki, accessed August 18, 2018, https://ethw.org/Oral-History:Elsie_Shutt. “Mixing Math and Motherhood”: Abbate, Recoding Gender, 113–44. and unkempt grooming: Ensmenger, “Making Programming Masculine,” 128–29. “huge glass ceiling”: Abbate, “Oral-History: Frances ‘Fran’ Allen.” as a career was equal: Steven James Devlin, “Sex Differences among Computer Programmers, Computer Application Users and General Computer Users at the Secondary School Level: An Investigation of Sex Role Self-concept and Attitudes toward Computers” (PhD diss., Temple University, 1991), 2, accessed September 27, 2018, https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?


A Gentleman in Moscow by Amor Towles

Anton Chekhov, glass ceiling, security theater, stakhanovite

With eighty tables scattered around a marble fountain and a menu offering everything from cabbage piroghi to cutlets of veal, the Piazza was meant to be an extension of the city—of its gardens, markets, and thoroughfares. It was a place where Russians cut from every cloth could come to linger over coffee, happen upon friends, stumble into arguments, or drift into dalliances—and where the lone diner seated under the great glass ceiling could indulge himself in admiration, indignation, suspicion, and laughter without getting up from his chair. And the waiters? Like those of a Parisian café, the Piazza’s waiters could best be complimented as “efficient.” Accustomed to navigating crowds, they could easily seat your party of eight at a table for four. Having noted your preferences over the sound of the orchestra, within minutes they would return with the various drinks balanced on a tray and dispense them round the table in rapid succession without misplacing a glass.

But at this particular moment, what the architect was working on was a detailed drawing of a crowded restaurant that looked very much like the Piazza. Only, under the floor of this restaurant was an elaborate mechanics of axles, cogs, and gears; and jutting from an outside wall was a giant crank, at the turn of which, each of the restaurant’s chairs would pirouette like a ballerina on a music box, then spin around the space until they came to a stop at an entirely different table. And towering over this tableau, peering down through the glass ceiling, was a gentleman of sixty with his hand on the crank, preparing to set the diners in motion. 1952 America On a Wednesday evening in late June, the Count and Sofia walked arm in arm into the Boyarsky, where it was their custom to dine on the Count’s night off. “Good evening, Andrey.” “Bonsoir, mon ami. Bonsoir, mademoiselle. Your table awaits.” As Andrey ushered them into the dining room with a gesture of his hand, the Count could see it was another busy night.


pages: 188 words: 57,229

Frommer's Memorable Walks in San Francisco by Erika Lenkert

Albert Einstein, Bay Area Rapid Transit, car-free, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, South of Market, San Francisco

Take a walk through the lobby. Even countless renovations haven’t entirely squelched the hotel’s majestic, oldworld feel. As spectacular as the old regal lobby is the Garden Court, a San Francisco landmark that’s been restored to its original 1909 grandeur. Take a peek into the Garden Court, if only to look at the massive Italianmarble Ionic columns, enormous chandeliers, and the 80,000-pane stained-glass ceiling. You also might want to duck into the Pied Piper Bar to check out its $2.5-million Maxfield Parrish mural. Upon leaving the hotel, if you turn left, you’ll find yourself on Market Street, where you can catch any number of public buses or, if you’ve got the stamina, head a few blocks northwest to embark on the Union Square tour. • Walking Tour 9 • The Culture & Color of the Mission District Start: Corner of 24th and Mission streets.


pages: 394 words: 57,287

Unleashed by Anne Morriss, Frances Frei

"side hustle", Airbnb, Donald Trump, future of work, gig economy, glass ceiling, Grace Hopper, Jeff Bezos, Netflix Prize, Network effects, performance metric, race to the bottom, ride hailing / ride sharing, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, TaskRabbit, Tony Hsieh, Toyota Production System, Travis Kalanick, Uber for X, women in the workforce

There’s way more of you than there are of me. We need some help out here.” Also keep in mind that just because someone has “made it,” so to speak, it doesn’t mean that slights and indignities have been eliminated from their daily experience. Status doesn’t inoculate your colleagues from the pain of other people’s biases and ignorance, or from the scars they may have earned crashing through glass ceilings. Promotion doesn’t heal all wounds. Your work is not done when you give someone a corner office and a bottle of champagne. So go ahead: be proactive and execute steps one through three with excellence and joy. Attract great people, give them interesting work to do, and invest in them as if your company’s future depends on it. If they deserve a promotion, give it to them in a timely manner.


Coastal California Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

1960s counterculture, Airbnb, airport security, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Apple II, Asilomar, back-to-the-land, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Burning Man, buy and hold, California gold rush, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, Donner party, East Village, El Camino Real, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, flex fuel, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, haute cuisine, income inequality, intermodal, Joan Didion, Kickstarter, Loma Prieta earthquake, low cost airline, Lyft, Mason jar, New Journalism, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, South of Market, San Francisco, starchitect, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, trade route, transcontinental railway, uber lyft, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban sprawl, Wall-E, white picket fence, Whole Earth Catalog, women in the workforce, working poor, Works Progress Administration, young professional, Zipcar

oPalace HotelHOTEL$$$ ( MAP GOOGLE MAP ; %415-512-1111; www.sfpalace.com; 2 New Montgomery St; r from $300; aiWs#; mMontgomery, ZMontgomery) The 1906 landmark Palace remains a monument to turn-of-the-century grandeur, with 100-year-old Austrian-crystal chandeliers and Maxfield Parrish paintings. Cushy (if staid) accommodations cater to expense-account travelers, but prices drop at weekends. Even if you're not staying here, visit the opulent Garden Court to sip tea beneath a translucent glass ceiling. There's also a spa; kids love the big pool. North Beach & Chinatown Pacific Tradewinds HostelHOSTEL$ ( MAP GOOGLE MAP ; %415-433-7970; www.san-francisco-hostel.com; 680 Sacramento St; dm $35-45; hfront desk 8am-midnight; niW; g1, jCalifornia, ZMontgomery) San Francisco's smartest all-dorm hostel has a blue-and-white nautical theme, a fully equipped kitchen (free peanut butter and jelly sandwiches all day!)

Downtown Santa Barbara 1Top Sights 1MOXIC5 2Santa Barbara County CourthouseC2 1Sights 3Chase Palm ParkE6 4East BeachE7 5El Presidio de Santa Barbara State Historic ParkD3 6Santa Barbara Historical MuseumD3 7Santa Barbara Maritime MuseumA7 8Santa Barbara Museum of ArtC2 9Sea CenterC7 10Stearns WharfC7 11West BeachC6 2Activities, Courses & Tours 12Condor ExpressB6 13Land & Sea ToursC6 14Paddle Sports CenterA7 15Santa Barbara Adventure CompanyC4 16Santa Barbara Bikes To-GoE6 17Santa Barbara Sailing CenterA6 18Santa Barbara TrolleyD6 19Sunset Kidd's Sailing CruisesA7 20Surf HappensC4 21Surf-n-Wear's Beach HouseC6 Truth AquaticsB6 22Wheel Fun RentalsC6 4Sleeping 23Brisas del MarA5 24Canary HotelC2 25Castillo InnB6 26Franciscan InnB5 27Harbor House InnB6 28Hotel CalifornianC6 29Hotel IndigoC5 30Inn of the Spanish GardenD2 31Marina Beach MotelB6 32White Jasmine InnB1 5Eating 33Arigato SushiC1 34BouchonC1 35Brophy BrothersA7 Corazon CocinaC1 36Dawn PatrolC5 37El Buen GustoF2 38La Super-Rica TaqueriaF3 39LarkC5 40Lilly's TaqueríaC5 41LoquitaC5 42Los AgavesF4 43Lucky PennyC5 44McConnell's Fine Ice CreamsC3 45MetropulosD5 46Olio PizzeriaC4 47OpalC1 48Palace GrillC4 49Santa Barbara Shellfish CompanyC7 50Shop CafeF3 51SomersetC1 52TomaB6 53Yoichi'sD1 6Drinking & Nightlife 54Brass BearC6 55BrewhouseB5 56Corks n' CrownsC6 Cutler's Artisan SpiritsC5 Figueroa Mountain Brewing CoC5 Good LionC1 57Handlebar Coffee RoastersD3 58Municipal WinemakersC6 59Press RoomC3 Riverbench Winery Tasting RoomC5 60Test PilotC5 61Valley ProjectC5 62WaterlineD5 3Entertainment 63Arlington TheatreC1 64Granada TheatreC1 65Lobero TheatreC3 66Santa Barbara BowlF2 67SohoC1 68Velvet JonesC4 7Shopping 69Channel Islands SurfboardsC5 70Chocolate MayaC4 71CRSVR Sneaker BoutiqueC3 72DianiC1 73Paseo NuevoC3 74REIC5 75Santa Barbara Farmers MarketC4 76Santa Barbara Public MarketC1 1Sights oMOXIMUSEUM (Wolf Museum of Exploration + Innovation; MAP GOOGLE MAP ; %805-770-5000; www.moxi.org; 125 State St; adult/child $14/10; h10am-5pm; c) Part of the regeneration of this neglected strip of State St, Moxi's three floors filled with hands-on displays covering science, arts and technology themes will tempt families in, even when it's not raining outside. If all that interactivity gets too much, head to the roof terrace for views across Santa Barbara and a nerve-challenging walk across a glass ceiling. Highlights include booths where you re-create sound effects from famous movie scenes, the 'mind ball' game where you use just your calm thoughts to move a metal ball against an opponent, and workshops that feature different make-and-learn activities. Weekends get very busy with waits for many of the exhibits, so try to come during the week when it's quieter. oSanta Barbara County CourthouseHISTORIC BUILDING ( MAP GOOGLE MAP ; %805-962-6464; http://sbcourthouse.org; 1100 Anacapa St; h8am-5pm Mon-Fri, 10am-5pm Sat & Sun)F Built in Spanish-Moorish Revival style in 1929, the courthouse features hand-painted ceilings, wrought-iron chandeliers and tiles from Tunisia and Spain.

All the better to quaff craft beers and cocktails like The Dorothy Mantooth (gin, Giffard Violette, lime, cucumber, Champagne) and chow on truffle-parm tots, fried-chicken sandwiches or fried oreos. oPolite ProvisionsCOCKTAIL BAR ( MAP GOOGLE MAP ; %619-677-3784; www.politeprovisions.com; 4696 30th St, North Park; h3pm-2am Mon-Thu, 11:30am-2am Fri-Sun) With a French-bistro feel and plenty of old-world charm, Polite Provisions' hip clientele sip cocktails at the marble bar, under a glass ceiling, and in a beautifully designed space, complete with vintage cash register, wood-paneled walls and tiled floors. Many cocktail ingredients, syrups, sodas and infusions are homemade and displayed in apothecary-esque bottles. Blind Lady Ale HousePUB ( MAP GOOGLE MAP ; %619-225-2491; http://blindlady.blogspot.com; 3416 Adams Ave; h5pm-midnight Mon-Thu, from 11:30am Fri-Sun) A superb neighborhood pub, with creative decor like beer cans piled floor to ceiling and longboard skateboards attached to the walls.


pages: 209 words: 63,649

The Purpose Economy: How Your Desire for Impact, Personal Growth and Community Is Changing the World by Aaron Hurst

Airbnb, Atul Gawande, barriers to entry, big-box store, business process, call centre, carbon footprint, citizen journalism, commoditize, corporate social responsibility, crowdsourcing, disintermediation, Elon Musk, Firefox, glass ceiling, greed is good, housing crisis, informal economy, Jane Jacobs, jimmy wales, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, Lean Startup, longitudinal study, means of production, Mitch Kapor, new economy, pattern recognition, Peter Singer: altruism, Peter Thiel, QR code, Ray Oldenburg, remote working, Ronald Reagan, selection bias, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Steve Jobs, TaskRabbit, Tony Hsieh, too big to fail, underbanked, women in the workforce, young professional, Zipcar

We are not alone. 82 percent of women in the United States now work, a 250 percent increase since the 1950s.11 Fewer than 7 percent of households have only a male breadwinner.12 This is a radical change in our households and lives. As the Industrial Economy gave way to the Information Economy, labor transitioned from a physical to an intellectual endeavor, an important factor in opening doors for women to join the workforce in legions. Despite a persistent glass ceiling at the top of most corporations, women have risen to higher-level roles in steadily increasing numbers, and this has contributed to another core driver of the growth of the Purpose Economy. Economics has historically been a male-dominated profession, and so it is of little surprise that household work was never considered in the calculation of the nation’s economic output. The most important and purpose-rich work done in our society was left off the books and devalued.


The Death and Life of Monterey Bay: A Story of Revival by Dr. Stephen R Palumbi Phd, Ms. Carolyn Sotka M. A.

California gold rush, clean water, glass ceiling, land tenure, Ronald Reagan, Works Progress Administration

Taking a system that had been ill-defined and chaotic, she devised a simple list of stages that is still used by farmers, students, and scientists today to follow the progress of chick development. As she did throughout her civic career, Julia showed a gift for taking complex issues and boiling them down to their bare essentials. Summer research at the Marine Biological Labs in Woods Hole, Massachusetts allowed her to delve into marine biology, a career she was determined to pursue. But throughout her training, Julia’s ambitions continued to bump against the glass ceiling of academia. A woman could not pursue a zoology Ph.D. in the United States in the late 1800s. However, the University of Freiburg in Baden, Germany offered her a chance to pursue an advanced degree, and she was one of the first women to obtain a zoological Ph.D. there. Julia researched the developing embryos of a small shark named the spiny dogfish, penning the first description of how the primitive vertebrate spinal cord sprouts a brain.


pages: 236 words: 62,158

Marx at the Arcade: Consoles, Controllers, and Class Struggle by Jamie Woodcock

4chan, Alexey Pajitnov wrote Tetris, anti-work, augmented reality, barriers to entry, battle of ideas, Boris Johnson, Build a better mousetrap, butterfly effect, call centre, collective bargaining, Columbine, conceptual framework, cuban missile crisis, David Graeber, deindustrialization, deskilling, Donald Trump, game design, gig economy, glass ceiling, global supply chain, global value chain, Hacker Ethic, Howard Zinn, John Conway, Kickstarter, Landlord’s Game, late capitalism, Marshall McLuhan, means of production, Minecraft, mutually assured destruction, Naomi Klein, Oculus Rift, pink-collar, sexual politics, Silicon Valley, union organizing, unpaid internship, V2 rocket

The managerial practices of crunch feed directly into this issue, with the “long-hours culture” acting as both a cause and effect of the institutionalized sexism in the industry.91 Those with caring responsibilities, who are overwhelmingly women, find it harder to work such long days, which means this kind of work can become off limits for them. They therefore face direct barriers that are the result of sexism. These take the form of a “glass ceiling” preventing career progression, but also as additional pressures in terms of the “classic invisible role of reproductive labor, covering the deficit of household tasks and emotional labor of which [women’s] exhausted partners are incapable.”92 Regarding the lack of diversity, the 2017 IGDA survey suggested that it is less a concern for people hiring workers than it is for the workers themselves.


pages: 618 words: 159,672

Fodor's Rome: With the Best City Walks and Scenic Day Trips by Fodor's Travel Publications Inc.

call centre, Donald Trump, glass ceiling, haute couture, haute cuisine, Honoré de Balzac, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, low cost airline, Mason jar, mega-rich, Murano, Venice glass, starchitect, urban planning, young professional

It took 10 years and cost some €150 million, but for lovers of contemporary art and architecture, the MAXXI—Italy’s first national museum devoted to contemporary creativity—was worth it. The building alone impresses, as it should: the design, by Anglo-Iraqi starchitect Zaha Hadid, won over 272 other contest entries. The building plays with lots of natural light, curving and angular lines, and big open spaces, all meant to question the division between “within” and “without” (think glass ceilings and steel staircases that twist through the air). While not every critic adored it in its 2010 unveiling, more and more Romans are becoming delighted by this surprisingly playful space. The museum hosts temporary exhibits on art, architecture, film, and more; past shows have showcased Michelangelo Pistoletto and Pietro Nervi. From the permanent collection, rotated through the museum, more than 350 works represent artists including Andy Warhol, Francesco Clemente, and Gerhard Richter.

. $$$$ | HOTEL | Once one of Rome’s landmark fixtures, this 17th-century palazzo used to be a favorite address for everyone from Stendhal to Sartre along with a bevy of crowned (and uncrowned—Carlotta, the deposed empress of Mexico resided here for a while) heads but none would recognize the former grand hotel since its zillion-dollar renovation two decades ago: results were mixed, from the gaudy (that lobby glass ceiling) to the great (the rooftop restaurant, which allows you to almost touch the dome of the Pantheon). Happily, it retains its prime position in the lovely square that is home to Bernini’s elephant obelisk and just around the corner from Hadrian’s mighty temple. Though many of the rooms have had a face-lift in recent years, several guest rooms still have furnishings that are a bit outdated and worn around the edges.


pages: 581 words: 162,518

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights by Adam Winkler

1960s counterculture, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, anti-communist, Bernie Sanders, British Empire, Cass Sunstein, clean water, collective bargaining, corporate governance, corporate personhood, corporate social responsibility, desegregation, Donald Trump, financial innovation, glass ceiling, income inequality, invisible hand, joint-stock company, laissez-faire capitalism, land reform, obamacare, offshore financial centre, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Powell Memorandum, profit maximization, profit motive, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, refrigerator car, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, shareholder value, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, South Sea Bubble, the scientific method, too big to fail, trade route, transcontinental railway, Unsafe at Any Speed, Upton Sinclair, yellow journalism

Despite the fact that Powell had indicated in the deliberations over Virginia Pharmacy that he did not believe that listeners had a “right to know,” he could nonetheless use Alan Morrison and Ralph Nader’s theory, developed in the context of individuals, to keep Blackmun’s vote and win broader rights for corporations.60 The idea to focus on the rights of listeners rather than the rights of corporations was apparently first suggested to Powell by Nancy Bregstein, one of his law clerks. Like many young women in the mid-1970s, Bregstein was wont to shatter glass ceilings. She had integrated Yale University as part of its first female undergraduate class and was graduated in 1973 magna cum laude. At the University of Pennsylvania Law School, she was the first female editor-in-chief of the law review. After her clerkship with Powell, she would go on to become one of only a handful of women partners in the major Washington, DC, law firms. Never one to shy away from a fight, she later founded CeaseFirePA, a group seeking to prevent gun violence, even as the gun rights movement was becoming one of the most powerful forces in modern American politics.

Although she had no prior experience as an appellate advocate, she would have to hold her own in the highest court in the land against formidable adversaries: Olson, the dean of the Supreme Court bar, and Floyd Abrams, a renowned First Amendment lawyer who had argued for a libertarian approach to free speech in a number of landmark First Amendment cases and was now appearing on behalf of Senator McConnell. Unfortunately for Kagan, the Citizens United case presented its own form of glass ceiling. No matter how well she performed her job, she was bound to lose. The return of Citizens United was also a sign of how much progress had been made by another, lesser-known civil rights movement—the one for corporations. It was exactly two hundred years after Horace Binney and the Bank of the United States brought the first corporate rights case to the Supreme Court in 1809. In those years, corporations had gained the protections of nearly all of the most significant individual rights provisions in the Constitution: rights of property, contract, and access to court; the right to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures; equal protection and due process; the right against double jeopardy and the right to counsel; the right to trial by jury; freedom of the press and freedom of association; commercial speech rights and even a limited right to speak on electoral politics under Bellotti and the union PAC cases.


Rough Guide DIRECTIONS Dublin by Geoff Wallis

Celtic Tiger, Columbine, glass ceiling, haute cuisine

There’s a lengthy cocktail list, a popular food menu, featuring dishes such as asparagus and goat’s cheese risotto, and outdoor tables on South William Street. The Bank The Steps of Rome College Green. Behind its 1 Chatham Court, Chatham St T 01/670 5630. Tiny, basic distinctive Scottish sandstone facade, the former Belfast Bank has been sensitively converted in all its Victorian splendour in to one of Dublin’s most luxurious bars: mosaic floors, stained glass ceiling, beautiful plaster rosettes and porphyry columns, all best admired from the projecting mezzanine. More prosaic sustenance is provided by a good selection of beers, wines and cocktails, as well as salads, sandwiches and main meals, but who needs the latest stock market prices flashed above the bar? restaurant, serving very cheap and excellent pizza, alongside variations such as calzone, as well as pasta, salads and a few meat dishes.


pages: 239 words: 64,812

Geek Sublime: The Beauty of Code, the Code of Beauty by Vikram Chandra

Alan Turing: On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem, Apple II, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, British Empire, business process, conceptual framework, create, read, update, delete, crowdsourcing, don't repeat yourself, Donald Knuth, East Village, European colonialism, finite state, Firefox, Flash crash, glass ceiling, Grace Hopper, haute couture, iterative process, Jaron Lanier, John von Neumann, land reform, London Whale, Norman Mailer, Paul Graham, pink-collar, revision control, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Skype, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, supercomputer in your pocket, theory of mind, Therac-25, Turing machine, wikimedia commons, women in the workforce

Although an average American programmer’s knowledge is limited to a certain technology or a programming language, they master the hell out of that, and have a higher probability of innovating something new in their area. Average Indian and Chinese programmers, on the other hand, tend to be all over the place and are least likely to innovate something new in their specific area.82 In reference to the success of Indians in Silicon Valley, the tech entrepreneur and academic Vivek Wadhwa credits efficient and ceaseless networking: The first few [company founders] who cracked the glass ceiling had open discussions about the hurdles they had faced. They agreed that the key to uplifting their community, and fostering more entrepreneurship in general, was to teach and mentor the next generation of entrepreneurs. They formed networking organizations to teach others about starting businesses, and to bring people together. These organizations helped to mobilize the information, knowhow, skill, and capital needed to start technology companies … The first generation of successful entrepreneurs—people like Sun Microsystems co-founder Vinod Khosla—served as visible, vocal, role models and mentors.


pages: 224 words: 69,494

Mobility: A New Urban Design and Transport Planning Philosophy for a Sustainable Future by John Whitelegg

active transport: walking or cycling, Berlin Wall, British Empire, car-free, conceptual framework, congestion charging, corporate social responsibility, decarbonisation, energy transition, eurozone crisis, glass ceiling, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), megacity, meta analysis, meta-analysis, New Urbanism, peak oil, post-industrial society, price mechanism, Right to Buy, smart cities, telepresence, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Spirit Level, transit-oriented development, urban planning, urban sprawl

The German experience points to the importance of a non-obesogenic environment, high quality, safe walking, cycling and public transport offers and an accessibility rich urban structure i.e. the city of short distances. Women It should not come as a surprise to find that the mobility paradigm discriminates in favour of men and against women. At a wider societal level there is a widespread recognition that women have more difficulty progressing to higher levels of salary and status than men (the “glass ceiling” problem), women earn less than men for doing similar work and the proportion of women in senior positions in local or central government is low or very low. Whitelegg (2013) analysed the proportion of women in municipal government (low) and linked this with the preferences of men and women for different outcomes to explain why, in the UK at least, there are poor quality outcomes from our local councils.


pages: 257 words: 67,152

The Moral Case for Fossil Fuels by Alex Epstein

addicted to oil, carbon footprint, clean water, glass ceiling, hydraulic fracturing, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), LNG terminal, oil shale / tar sands, profit motive, Saturday Night Live, the scientific method

This man-made local warming is often far greater than the global warming trend over the last 150 years, which is .8 degree Celsius (1.44 degrees Fahrenheit), a quantity that cannot be perceived without instruments).21 Now let’s look at CO2. It’s a greenhouse gas that exists in trace quantities in the atmosphere—just under .03 percent (270 parts per million, or ppm) before the industrial revolution, a level that we have increased to .04 percent (396 ppm).22 How do we know about the greenhouse effect of CO2? The best way: it can be studied in a laboratory. The temperature difference between a box with a glass ceiling and normal atmospheric gas concentrations and one with additional CO2 is measured when sunlight shines into it. As with any effect, a crucial question is: What is its magnitude—including, at what rate does additional CO2 change the effect? Some phenomena are linear, which would mean that every molecule of CO2 you add to the system will add a unit of heat the same size as the last one. In some phenomena, the effect is constantly increasing or accelerating; in this case, every molecule of CO2 you add to the system would be more potent than the last (this is the sense that we get from most popular treatments of the greenhouse effect).


pages: 603 words: 186,210

Appetite for America: Fred Harvey and the Business of Civilizing the Wild West--One Meal at a Time by Stephen Fried

Albert Einstein, British Empire, business intelligence, centralized clearinghouse, Charles Lindbergh, City Beautiful movement, estate planning, glass ceiling, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, indoor plumbing, Livingstone, I presume, Nelson Mandela, new economy, plutocrats, Plutocrats, refrigerator car, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman, women in the workforce, Works Progress Administration, young professional

As the water kept rising and the winds gusted up to thirty-five miles an hour, Dave, ever the determined Fred Harvey man, insisted on going back out to keep a business appointment nearby. The client wasn’t there, so Dave optimistically rescheduled for an hour later and went back to the depot to call the Kansas City office. He sat in one of the second-floor offices overlooking the station’s large rectangular main room, waiting for the rain to stop pelting the domed glass ceiling. But before long, the water rose so high that the bay met the ocean, flooding the Fred Harvey lunchroom and forcing everyone upstairs. It crept higher for several hours, and then, at around 7:00 p.m., the wind began to wail, and the water suddenly rose four feet all at once. They were horrified to see the body of a drowned child among the debris floating through the station. All communications to Galveston Island were down, so it was nearly twenty-four hours before Ford could get any news at all—and when he did, it didn’t bode well.

The new building is mostly for buses and regional rail lines. The only Amtrak train that stops here is the Chief, which arrives once a day in each direction and, even today, is still greeted by Indians trying to sell their crafts. The sunset view from the Chief as it heads west from Albuquerque is amazing—especially if you take it in from Amtrak’s special observation car, which features extra-high arching windows, a glass ceiling, and comfy swivel seats. (For kids immune to nature’s charms, the observation car also has TV screens playing children’s movies nonstop.) As the solar light show ends and the stars begin to shimmer, the Chief pulls in to Winslow, Arizona, just in time for a late supper—and we get our first glimpse of Mary Colter’s masterpiece, La Posada, the way it was meant to be seen: from trackside. It is one of the most welcoming experiences available in American travel.


pages: 306 words: 78,893

After the New Economy: The Binge . . . And the Hangover That Won't Go Away by Doug Henwood

"Robert Solow", accounting loophole / creative accounting, affirmative action, Asian financial crisis, barriers to entry, borderless world, Branko Milanovic, Bretton Woods, business cycle, capital controls, corporate governance, corporate raider, correlation coefficient, credit crunch, deindustrialization, dematerialisation, deskilling, ending welfare as we know it, feminist movement, full employment, gender pay gap, George Gilder, glass ceiling, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, half of the world's population has never made a phone call, income inequality, indoor plumbing, intangible asset, Internet Archive, job satisfaction, joint-stock company, Kevin Kelly, labor-force participation, liquidationism / Banker’s doctrine / the Treasury view, manufacturing employment, means of production, minimum wage unemployment, Naomi Klein, new economy, occupational segregation, pets.com, post-work, profit maximization, purchasing power parity, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, Robert Gordon, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, statistical model, structural adjustment programs, Telecommunications Act of 1996, telemarketer, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, total factor productivity, union organizing, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, working poor, zero-sum game

These figures come from an unpublished spreadsheet provided by Branko Milanovic of the World Bank. 3. Unemployment averaged 4.8% from 1950 to 1973; 6.9%, 1974-95; and 4.6% from 1996 through the first half of 2000. 4. Details on the CPS are available at <www.bls.census.gov/cps/cpsmain.htm>. 5. Note that the CBO/CBPP figures are after federal taxes; the Census figures are before taxes. 6. For a web overview of discrimination, see the report and background studies for the federal Glass Ceiling report, at <www.ilr.cornell.edu/GlassCeiling/>. 7. But within this subfield, the same gender structures replicate themselves: in the mid-1990s, women were 45% of assistant professors, 31% of associate, and 16% of full (Blau and Kahn 2000). All those figures are up substantially firom their levels a decade earlier, but still, there's a long way to go. S.Waldfogel (1998) reports that the motherhood penalty accounted for 56% of the overall gender gap in 1991, compared to 35% in 1980. 9.


pages: 244 words: 70,369

Tough Sh*t: Life Advice From a Fat, Lazy Slob Who Did Good by Kevin Smith

glass ceiling, Kickstarter, McJob, Saturday Night Live, short selling, zero-sum game

The View Askew films earned their R ratings for potty-mouthed frank talk between dudes about sex with their girlfriends who didn’t understand their love for geeky shit, and how they felt about Star Wars, and maybe even, from time to time, each other. None of those flicks ever made more than thirty million dollars at the box office, even with the brilliance of the Miramax marketing team behind them. So if you made ’em cheaply enough, you could enjoy a modicum of success—that modicum never surpassing thirty million. Then Judd Apatow and the Universal marketing department shattered the bromance glass ceiling with The 40-Year-Old Virgin, Knocked Up, and Superbad, taking similarly themed R-rated comedies to hundred-million-dollar grosses. The type of flick I’d popularized was suddenly in vogue; when I saw this happening, I figured I was finally gonna get a piece of that pie. So I pitched Zack and Miri Make a Porno to Harvey over breakfast at the Peninsula Hotel, and he green-lighted it then and there on the title alone.


pages: 274 words: 73,344

Found in Translation: How Language Shapes Our Lives and Transforms the World by Nataly Kelly, Jost Zetzsche

airport security, Berlin Wall, Celtic Tiger, crowdsourcing, Donald Trump, glass ceiling, Machine translation of "The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak." to Russian and back, randomized controlled trial, Ray Kurzweil, Skype, speech recognition, Steve Jobs, the market place

In China, the term hangtianyuan or (sky sailor) is the preferred name for space travelers. An older but related term that predated the Chinese space program was yuhangyuan or (space sailor). And which word does the Chinese government use for its official publications in English? Not taikonaut, but rather, astronaut.15 Flowery Words Back on planet Earth, we arrive at the Bellagio. From the opulent Chihuly glass ceiling in its lobby to the sumptuous fabrics in its guest rooms, the upscale Las Vegas hotel exudes elegance and luxury. The hotel prides itself on meticulous service and exceeding guest expectations. One in every four guests at the Bellagio comes from another country, predominantly Brazil, Mexico, Japan, Germany, France, Portugal, Italy, and Spain. For its most elite guests, the Bellagio goes even further to cater to every whim.


pages: 290 words: 72,046

5 Day Weekend: Freedom to Make Your Life and Work Rich With Purpose by Nik Halik, Garrett B. Gunderson

Airbnb, bitcoin, Buckminster Fuller, business process, clean water, collaborative consumption, cryptocurrency, delayed gratification, diversified portfolio, en.wikipedia.org, estate planning, Ethereum, fear of failure, fiat currency, financial independence, glass ceiling, Grace Hopper, Home mortgage interest deduction, Isaac Newton, litecoin, Lyft, market fundamentalism, microcredit, minimum viable product, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, Nelson Mandela, passive income, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer rental, Ponzi scheme, quantitative easing, Ralph Waldo Emerson, ride hailing / ride sharing, sharing economy, side project, Skype, TaskRabbit, traveling salesman, uber lyft

Sadly, they waste so much time and energy chasing a “dream job.” The reality is that your real dream job does not exist. You must create it. You control your own destiny. You could wait until you get disrupted by your boss or the economy, or you can consciously disrupt yourself, get out of the status-quo rut, and build your 5 Day Weekend. As a 5 Day Weekender, you reinvent yourself and break through your financial glass ceiling. You generate your own income doing what you love. You don’t hand your money over to someone else to manage, where your risk is high and you have little or no control. Rather, you stay in control of your own money to reduce your risk and dramatically increase your cash flow and profitability. Instead of accumulating over long periods of time, you leverage and utilize to create exponentially greater returns.


pages: 245 words: 72,391

Alan Partridge: Nomad: Nomad by Alan Partridge

cuban missile crisis, glass ceiling, Neil Kinnock, rolodex, Skype, University of East Anglia

And while no shoot would ever be allowed to take place without a rigorous risk assessment that reduces the chances of anything going wrong to more or less zero, I’ve no doubt the shows appear extremely impressive, especially to the children at whom they are aimed. But despite the attraction of having a surname that sounds like a knitted garment worn by a grandma, Back-shawl’s core audience can only take him so far. Marooned in the no man’s land between Bear Grylls and Terry Nutkins, his career has hit a glass ceiling. Finding out that Backshall is due to arrive any minute, I decide to leave. Steve’s a young fella trying to make his way in broadcasting, and even though it’s not something that particularly bothers me, I can imagine how important the adulation of these people is to his self-esteem. The last thing he needs is an 800-pound gorilla stealing his thunder. I do track down the organisers and give them my number – as the senior broadcaster I’d be happy for Steve to call if he needs any advice on how to handle the media, how to grow his brand or indeed how to knock some of the rough edges off his presenting style75 – but with that done, it’s time to get on my way.


pages: 269 words: 70,543

Tech Titans of China: How China's Tech Sector Is Challenging the World by Innovating Faster, Working Harder, and Going Global by Rebecca Fannin

Airbnb, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, blockchain, call centre, cashless society, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, cloud computing, computer vision, connected car, corporate governance, cryptocurrency, data is the new oil, Deng Xiaoping, digital map, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, El Camino Real, Elon Musk, family office, fear of failure, glass ceiling, global supply chain, income inequality, industrial robot, Internet of things, invention of movable type, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, megacity, Menlo Park, money market fund, Network effects, new economy, peer-to-peer lending, personalized medicine, Peter Thiel, QR code, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Sand Hill Road, self-driving car, sharing economy, Shenzhen was a fishing village, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, smart cities, smart transportation, Snapchat, social graph, software as a service, South China Sea, sovereign wealth fund, speech recognition, stealth mode startup, Steve Jobs, supply-chain management, Tim Cook: Apple, Travis Kalanick, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, urban planning, winner-take-all economy, Y Combinator, young professional

Managing partner Jenny Lee also has aced the Forbes list. A self-professed geek, she is an electrical engineer by training and a former fighter jet engineer who moved to Shanghai from Singapore and played a major role in setting up GGV Capital in Shanghai. I met her a few years before that, when she was starting to look at China venture while a VP at Japanese investment firm JAFCO Asia. She’s famously broken through the glass ceiling of women in venture, on the Forbes list of top venture investors since 2012 and crushing it in 2015 within the top 10 ranks and in 2019 in nineteenth place. With her passion for cutting-edge technologies, she’s invested in drone startup EHang and its dream of a flying taxi, and in AI language learning bot Liulishuo, also known as LingoChamp, which collected $72 million in an IPO on the NYSE in 2018.


pages: 269 words: 72,752

Too Much and Never Enough: How My Family Created the World's Most Dangerous Man by Mary L. Trump

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, anti-communist, coronavirus, COVID-19, Covid-19, Donald Trump, fear of failure, glass ceiling, global pandemic, impulse control, Maui Hawaii, zero-sum game

After I emerged into Union Station, with its vaulted ceilings and black-and-white marble floors, I passed a vendor who had set up an easel with buttons for sale: my name in a red circle with a red slash through it, “DEPORT TRUMP,” “DUMP TRUMP,” and “TRUMP IS A WITCH.” I put on my sunglasses and picked up my pace. I took a cab to the Trump International Hotel, which was comping my family for one night. After checking in, I walked through the atrium and looked up at the glass ceiling and the blue sky beyond. The three-tiered crystal chandeliers that hung from the central beam of interconnected girders arching overhead cast a soft light. On one side, armchairs, settees, and couches—royal blue, robin’s-egg blue, ivory—were arranged in small groups; on the other, tables and chairs circled a large bar where I was later scheduled to meet my brother. I had expected the hotel to be vulgar and gilded.


pages: 255 words: 76,495

The Facebook era: tapping online social networks to build better products, reach new audiences, and sell more stuff by Clara Shih

business process, call centre, Clayton Christensen, cloud computing, commoditize, conceptual framework, corporate governance, crowdsourcing, glass ceiling, jimmy wales, Mark Zuckerberg, Metcalfe’s law, Network effects, pets.com, pre–internet, rolodex, semantic web, sentiment analysis, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, social graph, social web, software as a service, Tony Hsieh, web application

Also, Carlye Adler, Paul Merage and the Foundation for the American Dream, Stephane Nakib, Denis Pombriant, Dan Chao, Kingsley Joseph, Ken Mah, Travis Bryant, Nathaniel Dean, Eric Silverberg, Dan Pastor, and Matt Gidney. My friend Ramit Sethi, who is an entrepreneur, blogger, and one of the most thoughtful and creative consumer marketers I know. And last, but certainly not least, my grandmother Lau Kim Ping, who has spent her life breaking glass ceilings, inventing her own rules, and making sure that I do the same. From the Library of Kerri Ross xiv Th e Fa ce b o o k E ra About the Author Clara Shih is the creator of Faceconnector (formerly Faceforce), the first business application on Facebook. In addition, Clara is the product line director of AppExchange, salesforce.com’s online marketplace for business Software-as-a-service applications built by third-party developers and ISVs.


pages: 255 words: 90,456

Frommer's Irreverent Guide to San Francisco by Matthew Richard Poole

Bay Area Rapid Transit, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, game design, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute cuisine, Loma Prieta earthquake, Maui Hawaii, old-boy network, pez dispenser, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, Torches of Freedom, upwardly mobile

Oscar Wilde was here when he was 27 years old and apparently drank the entire town under the table; Rudyard Kipling arrived a few years later but was rejected by both the Chronicle and Ambrose Bierce’s San Francisco Illustrated Wasp. The hotel’s most spectacular attributes remain the regal lobby and the Garden Court, a San Francisco landmark that has been restored to its original 1909 grandeur. A double row of massive Italian-marble Ionic columns flank the court, and 10 huge chandeliers dangle above. The real heart-stopper, however, is the 80,000-pane stained-glass ceiling (good special effects made Mike Douglas look like he fell through it in the movie The Game). Meanwhile, as long as you’re spending some money, consider the Huntington Hotel on Nob Hill, where Eugene and Carlotta O’Neill moved from the Fairmont after they left Tao House in Danville, some 30 miles away. Today the hotel is still a discreet lodging for the “old money” crowd that wants to be left alone, as far as possible from anything resembling flash or celebrity.


pages: 339 words: 83,725

Fodor's Madrid and Side Trips by Fodor's

Atahualpa, call centre, Francisco Pizarro, glass ceiling, Isaac Newton, low cost airline, Pepto Bismol, traffic fines, young professional

Cons: you’ll have to upgrade if you want good views; extra fee for Wi-Fi. | Pl. Cánovas del Castillo 4, Retiro | 28014 | 91/330–2400 | www.nh-hoteles.es | 114 rooms, 5 suites | In-room: safe, Wi-Fi. In-hotel: restaurant | AE, DC, MC, V | Station: Banco de España Jardín de Recoletos. $$$ | This apartment hotel offers great value on a quiet street close to Plaza Colón and upmarket Calle Serrano. The large lobby has marble floors and a stained-glass ceiling and adjoins a café, restaurant, and the hotel’s restful private garden. The large rooms, with light wood trim and beige-and-yellow furnishings, include sitting and dining areas. “Superior” rooms and suites have hydromassage baths and large terraces. Book well in advance. Pros: spacious rooms with kitchens; good for families. Cons: bland decor. | Gil de Santivañes 6, Salamanca | 28001 | 91/781–1640 | www.vphoteles.com | 36 rooms, 7 suites | In-room: kitchen, Internet, Wi-Fi.


pages: 220 words: 88,994

1989 The Berlin Wall: My Part in Its Downfall by Peter Millar

anti-communist, back-to-the-land, Berlin Wall, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, glass ceiling, kremlinology, Marshall McLuhan, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, pre–internet, QWERTY keyboard, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Sinatra Doctrine, urban sprawl, working-age population

In these pages, I have tried to introduce you to some of those people and convey a taste of the lives they led, in many ways so foreign to those of Britons or Americans in the second half of the twentieth century, yet every bit as typical of those decades. Between the affluence of ‘the West’ and the poverty of ‘the Third World’, was a second world, rarely referred to as such. Even those who lived there dared not speak its name: a world of making do, getting by, of living with the shadow of the past, a darkness in the present and little hope for the future. A world that shattered like a glass ceiling in those chaotic days of the autumn of 1989. I have tried also to answer at least in part one of those questions journalists are so often asked: how do you get the news? And another one that should be asked more often: what do you do with it when you get it? This is a short ride on a rollercoaster of a profession that many people wish they could get into and a good many others wish they could get out of.


Toast by Stross, Charles

anthropic principle, Buckminster Fuller, cosmological principle, dark matter, double helix, Ernest Rutherford, Extropian, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, glass ceiling, gravity well, Khyber Pass, Mars Rover, Mikhail Gorbachev, NP-complete, oil shale / tar sands, peak oil, performance metric, phenotype, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, slashdot, speech recognition, strong AI, traveling salesman, Turing test, urban renewal, Vernor Vinge, Whole Earth Review, Y2K

It wouldn’t fool a human detective or a mature deity, but it might confuse an embryonic god that had not yet reached full omniscience, or internalized all that it meant to be human. The shop was just about open. I had two hours to kill, so I bought a couple of newspapers and headed for the deli store, inside an ornate lump of Victorian architecture that squatted like a vagrant beneath the grimy glass ceiling of the station. The papers made for depressing reading; the idiots were at it again. I’ve worked in a variety of world lines and seen a range of histories, and many of them were far worse than this one—at least these people had made it past the twentieth century without nuking themselves until they glowed in the dark, exterminating everyone with white (or black, or brown, or blue) skin, or building a global panopticon theocracy.


pages: 252 words: 85,441

A Book for Her by Bridget Christie

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Boris Johnson, British Empire, carbon footprint, clean water, Costa Concordia, David Attenborough, feminist movement, financial independence, glass ceiling, housing crisis, Isaac Newton, obamacare, Rubik’s Cube, sexual politics

We all know what happened to Mumford & Sons after he jumped on their bandwagon. In fact, Cameron, who is very unpopular with women voters – surprisingly, given the above – appointed a woman to advise him on women’s issues. Why he couldn’t just ask his wife Samantha is beyond me. If my fictional husband came home and told me he was employing a woman to advise him on women, I would absolutely hit the glass ceiling. But I haven’t ended the patriarchy all by myself, not entirely. I nearly have, but not quite. I have had a little bit of help along the way, and while I’m very pleased these other brave women are being recognised, we need to keep their achievements in perspective. It’s all very well Malala Yousafzai, as previously mentioned, speaking out about a girl’s right to an education, and becoming the youngest person ever to win the Nobel Peace Prize, but let’s not forget, I was the oldest woman ever to win two Chortle Awards in one year.


pages: 312 words: 83,998

Testosterone Rex: Myths of Sex, Science, and Society by Cordelia Fine

assortative mating, Cass Sunstein, credit crunch, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, Drosophila, epigenetics, experimental economics, gender pay gap, George Akerlof, glass ceiling, helicopter parent, longitudinal study, meta analysis, meta-analysis, phenotype, publication bias, risk tolerance

Sexual selection hasn’t locked such roles into sex-linked genes and hormones, but allows for individuals to be profoundly influenced by their social, material, physical, (and in our own case) economic, cultural, and political circumstances. This is important because, as we saw in the Introduction, the implications of the Testosterone Rex view of the effects of sexual selection extend well beyond the bedroom. Ultimately, that old tale claims that it isn’t just sexism and discrimination that sustains the glass ceiling—not completely. At the core of this inequality are the whisperings of evolution. To men, it murmurs That’s right … keep going, son. I know it may seem counterintuitive to suggest that spending eighty hours a week in a science lab becoming increasingly pale and weedy, and possibly developing rickets, will make you more attractive to scores of young, beautiful, fertile women, but trust me on this.


pages: 309 words: 79,414

Going Dark: The Secret Social Lives of Extremists by Julia Ebner

23andMe, 4chan, Airbnb, anti-communist, anti-globalists, augmented reality, Ayatollah Khomeini, bitcoin, blockchain, Boris Johnson, citizen journalism, cognitive dissonance, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, feminist movement, game design, glass ceiling, Google Earth, job satisfaction, Mark Zuckerberg, mass immigration, Menlo Park, Mikhail Gorbachev, Network effects, off grid, pattern recognition, pre–internet, QAnon, RAND corporation, ransomware, rising living standards, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Skype, Snapchat, social intelligence, Steve Jobs, Transnistria, WikiLeaks, zero day

Step 2:Exposing the hypocrisy, lunacy and lies of feminism and liberalism Give her assignments such as listing ‘REAL differences between men and women’ and researching ‘Cultural Marxism’, ‘The Frankfurt School’ and ‘11-Step Plan’. According to DeAnna Lorraine, all three waves of feminism – the battle for voting rights in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the fight for equal legal and social rights in the 1960s and 1970s, and the continued efforts in the 1990s to break through the glass ceiling and challenge biased gender perceptions in the media – are part of a plan of cultural subversion. The Frankfurt School, she explains, was plotting to destroy society with the so-called 11-Step Plan, which included steps such as ‘the creation of racism offences’, ‘the teaching of sex and homosexuality to children’, ‘huge immigration to destroy identity’, ‘the promotion of excessive drinking’ and the ‘emptying of churches’.


pages: 269 words: 83,307

Young Money: Inside the Hidden World of Wall Street's Post-Crash Recruits by Kevin Roose

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Basel III, cognitive dissonance, collateralized debt obligation, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, discounted cash flows, Donald Trump, East Village, eurozone crisis, fixed income, forward guidance, glass ceiling, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, hedonic treadmill, jitney, knowledge worker, new economy, Occupy movement, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, selection bias, shareholder value, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, Steve Jobs, The Predators' Ball, too big to fail, urban planning, We are the 99%, young professional

“On a case-by-case-by-case basis, as promotions are decided, they choose the known entity, who tends to be someone who looks and sounds a good bit like those already in leadership roles,” Krawcheck wrote of male executives, “and this seems to be particularly true when businesses are under stress.” According to Melissa S. Fisher, the author of Wall Street Women, the number of women working in finance fell by 2.6 percent between 2000 and 2010, while the number of men in finance grew by 9.6 percent in the same period. Fisher blames the loss of female bodies, in part, on the crisis. “Many believed that a woman from their generation was poised to break through the ultimate glass ceiling in finance and become a CEO,” she wrote. “But instead of crashing triumphantly through the penultimate gendered boundary, these women, like the economy writ larger, were in freefall.” Of course, compared to women of a previous generation, today’s Wall Street women have made significant progress. Thanks to diversity hiring efforts at major banks, mentorship programs, and the rise of gender parity in corporate America more generally, today’s incoming analyst classes are more diverse than ever before, and many first-year cohorts are nearly evenly split between genders.


pages: 388 words: 211,314

Frommer's Washington State by Karl Samson

airport security, British Empire, California gold rush, centre right, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, global village, place-making, sustainable-tourism, Tacoma Narrows Bridge, transcontinental railway, white picket fence

Visitor Information Visitor information on Seattle and the surrounding area is available by contacting Seattle’s Convention and Visitors Bureau Seattle Visitor Center & Concierge Services, Washington State Convention and Trade Center, Seventh Avenue and Pike Street, main level (& 206/461-5888; www.visitseattle.org). To find it, walk up Pike Street to the convention center (the street is covered by a huge arched glass ceiling in front of the convention center). 60 08_607510-ch05.indd 6008_607510-ch05.indd 60 9/28/10 8:41 PM9/28/10 8:41 PM City Layout 5 SEATTLE Orientation Although downtown Seattle is fairly compact and can easily be navigated on foot, finding your way by car can be frustrating. Traffic, especially during rush hour, can be a nightmare. Drawbridges, one-way streets, I-5 cutting right through downtown, and steep hills all add up to challenging and confusing driving conditions.

The lobby, with its bar, billiard table, and travel-themed Art Deco furnishings, feels like it could be in Singapore or Nairobi; you half expect Humphrey Bogart to be sipping a gin and tonic in the corner. Guest rooms are decorated in keeping with the historical, adventure-travel theme. Be sure to sneak a peek inside the Northern Lights Dome Room, a grand hall with original frescoes, a stained-glass ceiling, and lots of ornate plasterwork and gilding. Doubletree Arctic Club Hotel Best Western Pioneer Square Hotel This hotel, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, is right in the heart of the Pioneer Square historic district, Seattle’s historic art gallery and nightlife neighborhood. As such, things get especially raucous on weekend nights, and this hotel is only recommended for urban dwellers accustomed to dealing with street people and noise.


pages: 298 words: 89,287

Who Are We—And Should It Matter in the 21st Century? by Gary Younge

affirmative action, Berlin Wall, British Empire, call centre, David Brooks, equal pay for equal work, F. W. de Klerk, failed state, feminist movement, financial independence, glass ceiling, global village, illegal immigration, inflation targeting, invisible hand, liberal capitalism, mass immigration, Mikhail Gorbachev, moral panic, phenotype, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Skype, Steven Levy, upwardly mobile, Wolfgang Streeck, World Values Survey

Their task was to harness the historic resonance of their candidacies while claiming that the very thing they signified—that one was black and the other female—would not make a big difference. Asked about the significance of her gender, Clinton sometimes neutralized the question: “I couldn’t run as anything other than a woman”; at other times embraced it: “I’m proud to be running as a woman and I’m excited that I may be able to finally break the hardest of glass ceilings”; and occasionally denied its relevance altogether: “Obviously, I’m not running because I’m a woman; I trust the American people to make a decision not about me or my gender but about what is best for you and your families.” During his speech at the Democratic convention in 2004, Obama started by stressing his race and his mixed-race heritage, albeit in more coded fashion. “Let’s face it. My presence on this stage is pretty unlikely,” he began, before referring to his parents’ “improbable love.”


pages: 255 words: 92,719

All Day Long: A Portrait of Britain at Work by Joanna Biggs

Anton Chekhov, bank run, banking crisis, call centre, Chelsea Manning, credit crunch, David Graeber, Desert Island Discs, Downton Abbey, Erik Brynjolfsson, financial independence, future of work, G4S, glass ceiling, industrial robot, job automation, land reform, low skilled workers, mittelstand, Northern Rock, payday loans, Right to Buy, Second Machine Age, six sigma, Steve Jobs, trickle-down economics, unpaid internship, wages for housework, Wall-E

For too long women had campaigned for inching practical measures – ‘day care, equal pay, free laundromats’ as Federici puts it – when what was needed was an attack on ‘our female role at the roots’ by making women’s work visible to capital by asking for money for it. With the British writer Selma James, who I’d seen trailed by a black and a white dog at the ECP’s offices when I went to interview Ina, Federici set up the Wages for Housework Campaign, which continues to this day. Instead of agitating for more waged labour, to put another crack in the glass ceiling and occupy another board seat, women would redefine what work is: Why is writing an email work and feeding a baby not work? Friedan and Wages for Housework came up with two different solutions to the problem, but they agreed on its nature. It wasn’t the cooking and cleaning; it was the ‘smiling and fucking’ – the emotional labour service work also calls for – as well as the pretence that it was offered happily that made the work unbearable.


pages: 310 words: 91,151

Leaving Microsoft to Change the World: An Entrepreneur's Odyssey to Educate the World's Children by John Wood

airport security, British Empire, call centre, clean water, corporate social responsibility, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, fear of failure, glass ceiling, high net worth, income per capita, Jeff Bezos, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Marc Andreessen, microcredit, Own Your Own Home, random walk, rolodex, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Skype, Steve Ballmer

Sophie was averse to taking the time away from her job. A bigger issue was that she had no interest in joining me on my travels. Her preferred holiday was more Four Seasons than Third World. A six-foot, blue-eyed blonde from rural Kansas, Sophie reveled in our glamorous expatriate lifestyle. In her words, she had escaped the rural Midwest and embraced the world. After too long being in junior roles, she had busted through the glass ceiling and now ran the China operations for an international advertising agency. I was proud of her. But her focus on career was defining most of our existence. When we’d fallen in love, much of our time was spent hiking, discussing great books, exploring Australia, reading, and making bold and exotic travel plans. Over the last six months, things had changed. As she focused on her role in China, many of our shared passions had been thrown overboard.


I Love Capitalism!: An American Story by Ken Langone

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, Bernie Sanders, business climate, corporate governance, East Village, fixed income, glass ceiling, income inequality, Paul Samuelson, Ronald Reagan, short selling, Silicon Valley, single-payer health, six sigma, VA Linux, Y2K, zero-sum game

In my years around the New York Stock Exchange, first as the holder of two seats on the exchange and then as a member of the Specialty Firms Advisory Committee, I’d become friendly with Dick Grasso, who became president of the exchange in 1988. Dick had started as an $82-a-week unionized clerk at the NYSE in 1968 and worked his way up the ranks to a mighty $203-a-week position before being elected to leadership. In the past, a talented guy like Dick would have bumped his head on the exchange’s glass ceiling and been left to find work elsewhere. Also in the past, the leaders of the NYSE had all been big cheeses: guys like Mil Batten, who’d retired as the head of J. C. Penney; Bill Donaldson, who’d co-founded the Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette securities firm and been an undersecretary of state in the Nixon administration; and Jim Needham, who’d been an SEC commissioner. But in 1982 the exchange’s board of directors, prodded by Stanley Gault, the former CEO of Rubbermaid and Goodyear, decided to change course.


pages: 371 words: 93,570

Broad Band: The Untold Story of the Women Who Made the Internet by Claire L. Evans

"side hustle", 4chan, Ada Lovelace, Albert Einstein, British Empire, colonial rule, computer age, crowdsourcing, dark matter, dematerialisation, Doomsday Book, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Hofstadter, East Village, Edward Charles Pickering, game design, glass ceiling, Grace Hopper, Gödel, Escher, Bach, Haight Ashbury, Harvard Computers: women astronomers, Honoré de Balzac, Howard Rheingold, HyperCard, hypertext link, index card, information retrieval, Internet Archive, Jacquard loom, John von Neumann, Joseph-Marie Jacquard, knowledge worker, Leonard Kleinrock, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, Mother of all demos, Network effects, old-boy network, On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures, packet switching, pets.com, rent control, RFC: Request For Comment, rolodex, semantic web, Silicon Valley, Skype, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, subscription business, technoutopianism, Ted Nelson, telepresence, Whole Earth Catalog, Whole Earth Review, women in the workforce, Works Progress Administration, Y2K

When computers became the miniaturized circuits of silicon chips, it was women who assembled them . . . when computers were virtually real machines, women wrote the software on which they ran. And when computer was a term applied to flesh and blood workers, the bodies which composed them were female.” With our twenty-first-century brains, we all have a shot at being as clever as Ada Lovelace, the Harvard computers, or a wartime ballistics calculator at Penn. But there’s only so far we can reach before we hit the ultimate threshold—the glass ceiling over all humanity. My current machine, a top-of-the-line slice of MacBook Pro, will be obsolete by the time these words make it to ink. The machine code that Grace Hopper dreamed would someday write itself is now the engine that powers the world. It has allowed me to find the women we’ll meet in this book, to e-mail them out of the blue, to wave hello to their ever-less-pixelated faces, and to make plans ending with me in their living rooms, looking at manuals, looking at photos, drinking green tea.


pages: 327 words: 88,121

The Vanishing Neighbor: The Transformation of American Community by Marc J. Dunkelman

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, assortative mating, Berlin Wall, big-box store, blue-collar work, Bretton Woods, Broken windows theory, business cycle, call centre, clean water, cuban missile crisis, dark matter, David Brooks, delayed gratification, different worldview, double helix, Downton Abbey, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Filter Bubble, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, George Santayana, Gini coefficient, glass ceiling, global supply chain, global village, helicopter parent, if you build it, they will come, impulse control, income inequality, invention of movable type, Jane Jacobs, Khyber Pass, Louis Pasteur, Marshall McLuhan, McMansion, Nate Silver, obamacare, Occupy movement, Peter Thiel, post-industrial society, Richard Florida, rolodex, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Skype, social intelligence, Stanford marshmallow experiment, Steve Jobs, telemarketer, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the medium is the message, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, urban decay, urban planning, Walter Mischel, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, World Values Survey, zero-sum game

As he tells it, when he was a boy, women working outside the home—many of whom would have thrived, as they do today, in diverse fields—were largely limited to positions as teachers, nurses, and secretaries. And that was, he points out, a real boon for the students, patients, and bosses who might otherwise have been taught, cared for, and served by a less talented pool of applicants.51 Today, while glass ceilings still exist, opportunities for women to work outside the home have expanded dramatically.52 Between 1960 and the mid-1990s, the percentage of working-age American women engaged in work outside the home grew from roughly one-third to 70 percent.53 That change—an indelibly Third Wave phenomenon—has become a broadly accepted norm of American life. By 2005, 81 percent of Americans approved of a woman working outside the home—even if her husband made enough to support the family alone.54 The birth-control pill has certainly played some role in women’s emergence into the professional workforce.


Alpha Girls: The Women Upstarts Who Took on Silicon Valley's Male Culture and Made the Deals of a Lifetime by Julian Guthrie

Airbnb, Apple II, barriers to entry, blockchain, Bob Noyce, call centre, cloud computing, credit crunch, disruptive innovation, Elon Musk, equal pay for equal work, fear of failure, game design, glass ceiling, hiring and firing, Jeff Bezos, Louis Pasteur, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, Mitch Kapor, new economy, PageRank, peer-to-peer, pets.com, phenotype, place-making, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, Snapchat, software as a service, South of Market, San Francisco, stealth mode startup, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, TaskRabbit, Tim Cook: Apple, Travis Kalanick, uber lyft, unpaid internship, upwardly mobile, urban decay, web application, William Shockley: the traitorous eight, women in the workforce

She had given up her job to save her marriage, and it had failed anyway. She knew the statistics: Women who become chief executives divorced at a higher rate than men; winning a best actress Oscar portended a divorce, while winning best actor did not; and winning elections for women increased subsequent divorce rates. One female CEO she knew hinted that it was the spouses at home who often helped install the glass ceiling at work. MJ had felt supported by her husband as a venture capitalist but unsupported at home. She believed that if Bill had supported her more as a person, she could have stayed at work. To be sure, Bill had never asked her to cut back at work; he was proud they were a two-VC family. He was married to one of the first women to make partner at a venture capital firm in the United States.


pages: 322 words: 89,523

Ecovillages: Lessons for Sustainable Community by Karen T. Litfin

active transport: walking or cycling, agricultural Revolution, back-to-the-land, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, collaborative consumption, Community Supported Agriculture, complexity theory, corporate social responsibility, glass ceiling, global village, hydraulic fracturing, megacity, new economy, off grid, oil shale / tar sands, peak oil, planetary scale, publish or perish, Silicon Valley, the built environment, the scientific method, The Spirit Level, urban planning, Zipcar

I spoke with several EDE graduates and, to my surprise, not one of them lived in an ecovillage. I asked Jonathan Dawson, author of the economics module of the curriculum, about GEN’s educational mission. Along with the other Global Ecovillage Educators for a Sustainable Earth (GEESE) from GEN, Jonathan assumed that the EDE would generate ecovillages. “But that’s not what happened!” he said. “There was a glass ceiling: the price of land. Today, fewer new ecovillages are being built, even though our courses are more popular than ever. People are taking our courses into their own communities rather than starting new ecovillages. That’s fine with us. The point is not for ecovillages to replicate themselves; the point is to build a sustainable world.” Jonathan said that, from its very inception, GEN had a twofold mission: information exchange among ecovillages and education for social change in the larger world.


We Need New Stories: Challenging the Toxic Myths Behind Our Age of Discontent by Nesrine Malik

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, barriers to entry, Bernie Sanders, Boris Johnson, British Empire, centre right, cognitive dissonance, continuation of politics by other means, currency peg, Donald Trump, feminist movement, financial independence, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, gender pay gap, ghettoisation, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, invisible hand, mass immigration, moral panic, Nate Silver, obamacare, old-boy network, payday loans, planetary scale, Ponzi scheme, race to the bottom, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, sexual politics, Steven Pinker, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, Thomas L Friedman, transatlantic slave trade

For every study that finds increasing diversity results in performance declines, there are multiple other studies that find increasing diversity has no negative performance effects, and not uncommonly, significant performance benefits.’ Assuming that the mere admission of a woman into a certain profession ends her competitive disadvantage is mistaking ‘access’ for ‘arrival’; it does not take into account all the myriad ways that an individual woman is undermined, and how they stretch into a lattice that becomes a glass ceiling. It is what journalist Lucinda Franks calls ‘gender degradation’ and the psychologist Virginia Valian calls ‘the accumulation of disadvantage’. Franks, the first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for national reporting, reappraised her experience in the light of the #MeToo movement, saying: ‘we, the earliest female newswomen, were tough, ambitious, even cocky about our talent, but over the years, our self-confidence was often irreparably harmed.


Engineering Security by Peter Gutmann

active measures, algorithmic trading, Amazon Web Services, Asperger Syndrome, bank run, barriers to entry, bitcoin, Brian Krebs, business process, call centre, card file, cloud computing, cognitive bias, cognitive dissonance, combinatorial explosion, Credit Default Swap, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, Debian, domain-specific language, Donald Davies, Donald Knuth, double helix, en.wikipedia.org, endowment effect, fault tolerance, Firefox, fundamental attribution error, George Akerlof, glass ceiling, GnuPG, Google Chrome, iterative process, Jacob Appelbaum, Jane Jacobs, Jeff Bezos, John Conway, John Markoff, John von Neumann, Kickstarter, lake wobegon effect, Laplace demon, linear programming, litecoin, load shedding, MITM: man-in-the-middle, Network effects, Parkinson's law, pattern recognition, peer-to-peer, Pierre-Simon Laplace, place-making, post-materialism, QR code, race to the bottom, random walk, recommendation engine, RFID, risk tolerance, Robert Metcalfe, Ruby on Rails, Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, Satoshi Nakamoto, security theater, semantic web, Skype, slashdot, smart meter, social intelligence, speech recognition, statistical model, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, Stuxnet, telemarketer, text mining, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Market for Lemons, the payments system, Therac-25, too big to fail, Turing complete, Turing machine, Turing test, web application, web of trust, x509 certificate, Y2K, zero day, Zimmermann PGP

Jerome, 1889. [244] “Human Error”, James Reason, Cambridge University Press, 1990. [245] “An Illustrated History of Signalling”, Michael Vanns, Ian Allan Ltd, 1997. [246] “Tracks to Disaster”, Adrian Vaughan, Ian Allan Ltd, 2003. [247] “Rail crash convictions overturned”, BBC News, 12 December 2007, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/7140326.stm. References 217 [248] “Danger Signals: An Investigation into Modern Railway Accidents”, Stanley Hall, Ian Allan Ltd, 1987. [249] “Pretty good persuasion: : a first step towards effective password security in the real world”, Dirk Weirich and Angela Sasse, Proceedings of the 2001 New Security Paradigms Workshop (NSPW’01), September 2001, p.137. [250] “Re: [hcisec] Glass ceilings for security?”, Angela Sasse, posting to the hcisec@yahoogroups.com mailing list, message-ID 49A03A3D.4050806@cs.ucl.ac.uk, 21 February 2009. [251] “Optimised to Fail: Card Readers for Online Banking”, Saar Drimer, Steven Murdoch and Ross Anderson, Proceedings of the 13th Financial Cryptography and Data Security Conference (FC’09), Springer-Verlag LNCS No.5628, February 2009, p.184. [252] “Chip and PIN is Broken”, Steven Murdoch and Ross Anderson, Proceedings of the 2010 Symposium on Security and Privacy (S&P’10), May 2010, p.433. [253] “The default answer to every dialog box is ‘Cancel’”, Raymond Chen, 1 September 2003, http://blogs.msdn.com/oldnewthing/archive/2003/09/01/54734.aspx. [254] “XP Automatic Update Nagging”, Jeff Atwood, 13 May 2005, http://www.codinghorror.com/blog/archives/000294.html. [255] “The Crapware Con”, Mike Jennings, PC Pro Magazine, 29 October 2009, http://www.pcpro.co.uk/features/352927/the-crapware-con. [256] “Smartphone crapware: worse than laptops?”

A phenomenon similar to the shared-logon practice in medical computing occurs in grid computing security, where one project member obtains a certificate and everyone else shares it [252]107. Although the participants in this case are technically highly skilled, the corresponding increase in difficulty in working with certificates means that they take the same approach that the non-technical hospital workers do with passwords. It’s possible that there’s a form of glass ceiling for security above which users find it far easier to bypass it than to comply with it, although there doesn’t seem to be much data available in this area beyond noting that the use of one or two passwords (or equivalents like reading a value off an authentication token) are below the threshold for most users and technologies like PKI and smart cards are well above it. A better way of stating this though is that the amount of effort that’s required by the authentication process has to be proportionate to the value that it provides.

A better way of stating this though is that the amount of effort that’s required by the authentication process has to be proportionate to the value that it provides. When the National Health Service (NHS) in the UK went to a cloud-based infrastructure the password sign-up and password-change process was made sufficiently onerous that users found it far easier to bypass it than to jump through all of the hoops that were required for it. So the glass ceiling is a movable feast 108 relative to the benefit that’s obtained from the authentication operation, and even a standard password can be 107 In one memorable email a site manager had to point out to users that although he didn’t mind seeing half the user base logged on with the same certificate, the fact that its original owner had been dead for several months was causing logistical issues and would they consider generating a new key for everyone to share. 108 As well as a mixed metaphor.


Lonely Planet Eastern Europe by Lonely Planet, Mark Baker, Tamara Sheward, Anita Isalska, Hugh McNaughtan, Lorna Parkes, Greg Bloom, Marc Di Duca, Peter Dragicevich, Tom Masters, Leonid Ragozin, Tim Richards, Simon Richmond

Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, crowdsourcing, Defenestration of Prague, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, low cost airline, mass immigration, pre–internet, Steve Jobs, the High Line, Transnistria, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl

oSarajevo City HallARCHITECTURE (Vijećnica; MAP GOOGLE MAP ; www.nub.ba; adult/child 5/3KM; h10am-8pm Jun-Sep, to 5pm Oct-May) Storybook neo-Moorish facades make the 1898 Vijećnica Sarajevo's most beautiful Austro-Hungarian–era building. Seriously damaged during the 1990s siege, it finally reopened in 2014 after laborious reconstruction. Its colourfully restored multi-arched interior and stained-glass ceiling are superb. And the ticket also allows you to peruse the excellent Sarajevo 1914-1981 exhibition in the octagonal basement. This gives well-explained potted histories of the city's various 20th-century periods, insights into fashion and music subcultures, and revelations about Franz Ferdinand's love life. Gazi-Husrevbey MosqueMOSQUE ( MAP GOOGLE MAP ; www.vakuf-gazi.ba; Saraći 18; 3KM; h9am-noon, 2.30-3.30pm & 5-6.15pm May-Sep, 9am-11am only Oct-Apr, closed Ramadan) Bosnia's second Ottoman governor, Gazi-Husrevbey, funded a series of splendid 16th-century buildings of which this 1531 mosque, with its 45m minaret, forms the greatest centrepiece.

oHotel MetropolHISTORIC HOTEL€€€ ( MAP GOOGLE MAP ; %499-501 7800; www.metropol-moscow.ru; Teatralny proezd 1/4; r from R10,000; naWs; mTeatralnaya) Nothing short of an art nouveau masterpiece, the 1907 Metropol brings an artistic, historic touch to every nook and cranny, from the spectacular exterior to the grand lobby to the individually decorated (but small) rooms. The breakfast buffet (R2000) is ridiculously priced, but it's served under the restaurant's gorgeous stained-glass ceiling. 5Eating Danilovsky MarketMARKET€€ ( GOOGLE MAP ; www.danrinok.ru; Mytnaya ul 74; mains R400-600; h8am-8pm; mTulskaya) A showcase of the ongoing gentrification of Moscow, this giant Soviet-era farmers market is now largely about deli food cooked and served in a myriad of little eateries, including such gems as a Dagestani dumpling shop and a Vietnamese pho soup kitchen. The market itself looks very orderly, if a tiny bit artificial, with uniformed vendors and thoughtfully designed premises.


pages: 1,201 words: 233,519

Coders at Work by Peter Seibel

Ada Lovelace, bioinformatics, cloud computing, Conway's Game of Life, domain-specific language, don't repeat yourself, Donald Knuth, fault tolerance, Fermat's Last Theorem, Firefox, George Gilder, glass ceiling, Guido van Rossum, HyperCard, information retrieval, Larry Wall, loose coupling, Marc Andreessen, Menlo Park, Metcalfe's law, Perl 6, premature optimization, publish or perish, random walk, revision control, Richard Stallman, rolodex, Ruby on Rails, Saturday Night Live, side project, slashdot, speech recognition, the scientific method, Therac-25, Turing complete, Turing machine, Turing test, type inference, Valgrind, web application

Then I came back to the Research division and found it a very, very different environment than the one I had left essentially eight years earlier. There was a significant glass ceiling. There were processes in place, lines of management. And the management structures had changed and decision-making had become much more formal, particularly about what projects to do and how to do them. And the number of women had changed and the position of women in the organization had significantly changed, and not for the good. And I was not happy about it, obviously. In 1970, '71, '72, I was 19 years or 18 years into a career that was just full of fun and opportunity. I never saw myself as advancing, but I felt I had the freedom to do what I felt was right and to work on interesting things in roles that I would enjoy. And I came back and found out that wasn't the case. Seibel: Do you think that glass ceiling had, in fact, been there before and you hadn't bumped up against it yet?


pages: 342 words: 95,013

The Zenith Angle by Bruce Sterling

airport security, Burning Man, cuban missile crisis, digital map, glass ceiling, Grace Hopper, half of the world's population has never made a phone call, Iridium satellite, market bubble, new economy, packet switching, pirate software, profit motive, RFID, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman: Challenger O-ring, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, thinkpad, Y2K

I don’t even tell people that I once worked for Enron. The weirdest part is, that was like a totally plum job, too. I mean, Enron recruited the top of the top of the class. The best of the best. I was Enron fresh out of college.” Van sucked cold air through the gap in his broken teeth. “But thanks to you, I can make a brand-new career. In federal security, I can go just as far as my talent can take me. There’s no glass ceiling there! I mean, Janet Reno was Attorney General!” Resignedly, Van adjusted Fawn’s bedside bouquet. “Can I tell you one more thing, Van? You look so nice without that beard. You look so normal. I mean, that side of your face that isn’t swollen. I like your hair that way, too. It’s kind of like Sonny Bono before he became a congressman.” Fawn offered him her nicest smile. Then she sneaked a look at her watch.


Fodor's Dordogne & the Best of Southwest France With Paris by Fodor's Travel Publications Inc.

call centre, glass ceiling, happiness index / gross national happiness, haute couture, haute cuisine, Murano, Venice glass, Nelson Mandela, urban planning, young professional

In-hotel: Internet terminal, some pets allowed | AE, MC, V | Station: Trinité Hôtel Royal Fromentin. $$ | At the border of Montmartre’s now tamed red-light district sits this former cabaret with much of its Art Deco wood paneling and theatrical trappings intact. Prices are at the low end of its category. The hotel has dark, rich decor, with green walls, red armchairs, an antique caged elevator, and vaudeville posters in the stained-glass-ceiling lounge. Reproduction furniture, antique prints and oils, and busy modern fabrics fill out the larger-than-average rooms. Some windows face Sacré-Coeur. Guests receive a complimentary book illustrating the history of absinthe, which is once again served in the hotel’s historic bar. Pros: spacious rooms for the price; historic absinthe bar; close to Sacré-Coeur. Cons: some guests may find neighborhood peep shows and sex shops disturbing; far from the center of Paris. | 11 rueFromentin | 75009 | 01–48–74–85–93 | www.hotelroyalfromentin.com | 47 rooms | In-room: no a/c, Wi-Fi.


pages: 537 words: 99,778

Dreaming in Public: Building the Occupy Movement by Amy Lang, Daniel Lang/levitsky

activist lawyer, Bay Area Rapid Transit, bonus culture, British Empire, clean water, cognitive dissonance, collective bargaining, corporate governance, corporate personhood, crowdsourcing, David Graeber, deindustrialization, different worldview, facts on the ground, glass ceiling, housing crisis, Kibera, late capitalism, mass incarceration, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, Occupy movement, oil shale / tar sands, out of africa, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Port of Oakland, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, Slavoj Žižek, structural adjustment programs, the medium is the message, too big to fail, trade liberalization, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban renewal, War on Poverty, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, We are the 99%, white flight, working poor

It has broken the idea of American exceptionalism and linked US social distress and protest to the pink tide in Latin America, the Arab Spring and the pre-revolutionary strivings of the indignados of Club Med. This new radical imagination forces us to break with the liberal desires for reform of a structure that can no longer be plastered over, as termites have already eaten into its foundation. It forces us to break with multicultural upward mobility that has both succeeded in breaking the glass ceiling, and at the same time demonstrated its inability to operate on behalf of the multitudes. Neither liberal reform nor multiculturalism. We require something much deeper, something more radical. The answers to our questions and to the condition of bare life are not to be found in being cautious. We need to cultivate the imagination, for those who lack an imagination cannot know what lacks. ♦ leftturn.org/occupying-imagination-cultivating-new-politics ROBIN HOOD WAS RIGHT The Oakland Commune Aaron Bady 5 December 2011 As a site of resistance, ‘Wall Street’ is a metonym for a system, a transnational apparatus of capital and political oligarchy.


pages: 359 words: 98,396

Family Trade by Stross, Charles

British Empire, glass ceiling, haute couture, indoor plumbing, land reform, new economy, sexual politics, trade route

But they caught him; he was just a drunk. Random chance.” ” ‘Random chance.’” Matthias sniffed. “Do not underestimate random chance.” “I don’t,” she said tersely. “Listen, why the third degree?” “Because.” He stared at her unblinkingly: “I take a personal interest in all threats to Clan security.” “Bullshit. You’re secretary to the duke. And a member of the outer families, I believe?” She looked up at him. ‘That puts a glass ceiling right over your head, doesn’t it? You sit in Fort Lofstrom like a spider, pulling strings, and you run things in Boston when the duke is elsewhere, but only by proxy. Don’t you? So what’s in it for you?” “You are mistaken.” Matthias’s eyes glinted by candlelight. “To get here, I left the duke’s side this morning.” “Oh, I get it. Someone gave you a lift across and you caught the train.” “Yes.”


pages: 386 words: 91,913

The Elements of Power: Gadgets, Guns, and the Struggle for a Sustainable Future in the Rare Metal Age by David S. Abraham

3D printing, Airbus A320, carbon footprint, clean water, cleantech, commoditize, Deng Xiaoping, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, glass ceiling, global supply chain, information retrieval, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet of things, new economy, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, reshoring, Robert Metcalfe, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, telemarketer, Tesla Model S, thinkpad, upwardly mobile, uranium enrichment, WikiLeaks, Y2K

A few miles from the city center, just below some of the most lush, verdant terrain outside of a rain forest, sits the $300-a-night Hotel e Termas de Araxá—a gem of colonial-style architecture, built by a former Brazilian president in the 1940s to attract a well-to-do domestic and international clientele. The complex is stately; with the exception of government state houses, few places boast a three-story rotunda with a stained-glass ceiling and a white and black marble floor. But for all its grandeur, the resort’s free-wheeling casino days are behind it. Seventy years after its founding it has lost some of its luster: grass rises up between the cracks in the cement-blocked sidewalk. I doubt if more than 15 of the 283 rooms were occupied when I visited in 2013.1 Other than the hotel, Araxá has lost much of its tourist appeal. A woman from the region’s capital city, Belo Horizonte, who befriended me when I had difficulty checking into the hotel, complained about the lack of sophisticated nightlife.


pages: 341 words: 104,493

City of Exiles by Alec Nevala-Lee

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, glass ceiling, side project, Transnistria

Outside, moving past two wings of gray concrete and green glass, Wolfe headed for the river, pausing for a moment to regard the listless ditch of the Thames. A few seagulls were perching on the mud of the bank. At first, she had been excited by the prospect of a river view, but its sodden reality had been yet another case of this city refusing to meet her expectations. A year ago, Powell’s call had come at a time when she was already hungering for a change. The Bureau’s glass ceiling was no worse than any other, but as in most organizations built on mentorship, it was hard for a young woman to find a sponsor. Powerful men were wary of the rumors that inevitably accompanied such relationships, and while a female patron could sometimes be found, Wolfe, who had never outgrown certain mother issues, had quietly blown several of her best chances. As a result, after a brilliant start out of Quantico, she had been stranded in an endless stream of warrants and wires.


pages: 315 words: 99,065

The Virgin Way: Everything I Know About Leadership by Richard Branson

barriers to entry, call centre, carbon footprint, Celtic Tiger, clean water, collective bargaining, Costa Concordia, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, friendly fire, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, index card, inflight wifi, Lao Tzu, low cost airline, low cost carrier, M-Pesa, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, Nelson Mandela, Northern Rock, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Tesla Model S, trade route, zero-sum game

This is a step-by-step process and before anyone can hope to increase the amount of female representation at board level there first has to be a much higher ratio of women in senior executive roles. According to the 2013 Fortune 1000 list of CEOs, only 4.6 per cent (that is, forty-six) are women and that number has been virtually stagnant for a decade. I find that quite appalling but hopefully the infamous glass ceiling is about to become a distant memory with the new generation of dynamic women leaders that are now running a lot of formerly very macho organisations like General Motors (Mary Barra took over in January 2014), Pepsico, IBM, Lockheed Martin and General Dynamics. Others like Sheryl Sandberg, the vociferous COO at Facebook and Marissa Mayer at Yahoo are also gaining momentum in the drive to make gender a non-issue in the workplace.


pages: 317 words: 101,074

The Road Ahead by Bill Gates, Nathan Myhrvold, Peter Rinearson

Albert Einstein, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, Berlin Wall, Bill Gates: Altair 8800, Bob Noyce, Bonfire of the Vanities, business process, California gold rush, Claude Shannon: information theory, computer age, Donald Knuth, first square of the chessboard, first square of the chessboard / second half of the chessboard, glass ceiling, global village, informal economy, invention of movable type, invention of the printing press, invention of writing, John von Neumann, knowledge worker, medical malpractice, Mitch Kapor, new economy, packet switching, popular electronics, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, speech recognition, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, Ted Nelson, telemarketer, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transaction costs, Turing machine, Turing test, Von Neumann architecture

When you stop your car in the semicircular turnaround, although you will be at the front door you won't see much of the house. That's because you'll be entering onto the top floor. First thing, as you come in, you'll be presented with an electronic pin to clip to your clothes. This pin will connect you to the electronic services of the house. Next, you will descend either by elevator or down a staircase that runs straight toward the water under a sloping glass ceiling supported by posts of Douglas fir. The house has lots of exposed horizontal beams and vertical supports. You'll have a great view of the lake. My hope is that the view and the Douglas fir, rather than the electronic pin, will be what interest you most as you descend toward the ground floor. Most of the wood came from an eighty-year-old Weyerhaeuser lumber mill that was being torn down out on the Columbia River.


pages: 346 words: 101,255

The Big Necessity: The Unmentionable World of Human Waste and Why It Matters by Rose George

American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, Anton Chekhov, Bob Geldof, Celtic Tiger, clean water, glass ceiling, indoor plumbing, informal economy, job satisfaction, John Snow's cholera map, joint-stock company, land reform, low cost airline, Nelson Mandela, New Urbanism, Pepto Bismol, Potemkin village, Report Card for America’s Infrastructure, Steven Pinker, urban planning

Plenty of politicians in India’s upper house are Dalit. Under India’s Scheduled Castes reservations system—which is controversial but widely implemented—Dalits benefit from positive discrimination in employment and university places. But they are still Dalits, and there is still caste. Surveys show that the majority of young Indians still expect to have an arranged marriage, and 40 percent won’t marry outside their own caste or state. The glass ceiling pressing down upon the scavengers’ heads consists of cultural prejudices, but also of economics. When I first wrote about manual scavengers for the American magazine Jane, the first draft of my story came back punctuated with the editor’s questions. She couldn’t understand why scavengers felt obliged to do this work, and who employed them. She wrote, “Who are their bosses? Uneducated farmers?


pages: 831 words: 98,409

SUPERHUBS: How the Financial Elite and Their Networks Rule Our World by Sandra Navidi

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, assortative mating, bank run, barriers to entry, Bernie Sanders, Black Swan, Blythe Masters, Bretton Woods, butterfly effect, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Carmen Reinhart, central bank independence, cognitive bias, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collateralized debt obligation, commoditize, conceptual framework, corporate governance, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, crony capitalism, diversification, East Village, Elon Musk, eurozone crisis, family office, financial repression, Gini coefficient, glass ceiling, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, Google bus, Gordon Gekko, haute cuisine, high net worth, hindsight bias, income inequality, index fund, intangible asset, Jaron Lanier, John Meriwether, Kenneth Arrow, Kenneth Rogoff, knowledge economy, London Whale, Long Term Capital Management, longitudinal study, Mark Zuckerberg, mass immigration, McMansion, mittelstand, money market fund, Myron Scholes, NetJets, Network effects, offshore financial centre, old-boy network, Parag Khanna, Paul Samuelson, peer-to-peer, performance metric, Peter Thiel, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, quantitative easing, Renaissance Technologies, rent-seeking, reserve currency, risk tolerance, Robert Gordon, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, rolodex, Satyajit Das, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, social intelligence, sovereign wealth fund, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, The Future of Employment, The Predators' Ball, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, too big to fail, women in the workforce, young professional

Margo Epprecht, “The Real Reason Women Are Leaving Wall Street,” The Atlantic, September 5, 2013, http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2013/09/the-real-reason-why-women-are-leaving-wall-street/279379; Carrick Mollenkamp, “Sallie Krawcheck on Taking the Fall—Again,” Marie Claire, April 17, 2012, http://www.marieclaire.com/career-money/jobs/sallie-krawcheck-interview. 27. Andrew Clark, “Lehman Brothers’ Golden Girl, Erin Callan: Through the Glass Ceiling—and Off the Glass Cliff,” Guardian, March 19, 2010, http://www.theguardian.com/business/2010/mar/19/lehmans-erin-callan-glass-cliff. 28. Gillian Tett, “Lunch with the FT: Christine Lagarde,” Financial Times, September 12, 2014, http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/4c506aec-3938-11e4-9526-00144feabdc0.xhtml. 29. Andrew Ross Sorkin, “Do Activist Investors Target Female C.E.O.s?” New York Times, February 9, 2015, http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2015/02/09/the-women-of-the-s-p-500-and-investor-activism. 30.


pages: 304 words: 99,836

Why I Left Goldman Sachs: A Wall Street Story by Greg Smith

always be closing, asset allocation, Black Swan, bonus culture, break the buck, collateralized debt obligation, corporate governance, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, delayed gratification, East Village, fixed income, Flash crash, glass ceiling, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, high net worth, information asymmetry, London Interbank Offered Rate, mega-rich, money market fund, new economy, Nick Leeson, quantitative hedge fund, Renaissance Technologies, short selling, Silicon Valley, Skype, sovereign wealth fund, Stanford marshmallow experiment, statistical model, technology bubble, too big to fail

The building’s first seven stories were occupied by gigantic trading floors, each larger than a football field, and significantly bigger than the fiftieth floor at One New York Plaza. (The Derivatives desk, along with the rest of the six-hundred-person Equities Sales and Trading division, was on the fourth floor.) Above were Goldman’s executive offices, Research division, and Investment Banking division. On the tenth and eleventh floors, under a beautiful high glass ceiling, were a 54,000-square-foot gym and an enormous new cafeteria. There was a lot of excitement and pride within the firm about the new headquarters. And the place to get the latest information on when we would be moving in was Salvatore’s Barber Shop in the basement of One New York Plaza. A significant proportion of the guys on our trading floor used to go down for a quick “wig adjustment” and a hot towel after the market closed.


Rough Guide to San Francisco and the Bay Area by Nick Edwards, Mark Ellwood

1960s counterculture, airport security, back-to-the-land, Bay Area Rapid Transit, British Empire, Burning Man, California gold rush, carbon footprint, City Beautiful movement, El Camino Real, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute cuisine, Joan Didion, Kickstarter, Loma Prieta earthquake, Menlo Park, Nelson Mandela, period drama, pez dispenser, Port of Oakland, rent control, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, strikebreaker, transcontinental railway, unpaid internship, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, white picket fence, Works Progress Administration, young professional

The extravagant Rococo structure boasted antique furniture and lavish facilities – tragically, like almost every other building Downtown, it was ravaged by the 1906 fire, and subsequent remodelings have dampened its excesses. The one exception is the Garden Court dining room, the only indoor space on the National Register of Historic Places. Here, you can have high tea under the original 1875 Austrian crystal chandeliers suspended from the glass ceiling, which itself dates back to the post-fire refit of 1909. Eighty years later, it cost a staggering $7 million to dismantle, clean, and retouch the 72,000 panes of glass. The Yerba Buena district and around | SoMa Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, Sony Metreon and the San Francisco Zeum On the gardens’ eastern flank stands the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, 701 Mission St at Third (Tues,Wed, Fri, Sat & Sun noon–5pm, Thurs 11am– 8pm; $7, free first Tues of month or with a same-day ticket to an evening performance; t 415/978-2787, w www.ybca.org).

The West Coast’s answer to New York City’s Radio City Music Hall, the Paramount shows Hollywood classics and hosts occasional concerts by rockers like Tom Waits and Neil Young and performances by stand-up comedians, ballet troupes, and the Oakland Symphony. The theater was designed by Timothy L. Pflueger, the San Francisco architect behind the Pacific Coast Stock Exchange, the Castro Theatre, and many of the buildings on Treasure Island. Pflueger enlisted the help of a group of artists to contribute to the Paramount’s design, as evidenced by the building’s eclectic mix of accoutrements, from the illuminated “fountain of light” stained-glass ceiling in the entrance to the mosaics and reliefs which adorn every inch of the interior. Several nearby buildings are equally flamboyant, ranging from the wafer-thin Gothic “flatiron” office tower of the Cathedral Building at Broadway and Telegraph, to the Hindu temple-like facade of the magnificent 3500-seat Fox Oakland (now closed) on Telegraph at 19th – the largest movie house west of Chicago at the time it was built in 1928.


The Rough Guide to New York City by Martin Dunford

Anton Chekhov, Berlin Wall, Bonfire of the Vanities, Buckminster Fuller, buttonwood tree, car-free, Charles Lindbergh, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, clean water, colonial exploitation, colonial rule, desegregation, Donald Trump, East Village, Edward Thorp, Exxon Valdez, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, illegal immigration, Jane Jacobs, market bubble, Norman Mailer, paper trading, post-work, Saturday Night Live, sustainable-tourism, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, transcontinental railway, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, white flight, Yogi Berra, young professional

Dating from 580 BC and originally from Attica, it marked the grave of the son of a wealthy family, created according to tradition as a memorial to ensure he would be remembered. Beyond here, the vast Sardis Column from the Temple of Artemis marks the entrance into the spectacular Leon Levy and Shelby White Court, a soaring two-story atrium of Roman sculpture from the first century BC to the second century AD, with mosaic floors, Doric columns, and a glass ceiling – take a moment to soak up your surroundings at the fountain in the center. Highlights include the incredibly detailed Badminton Sarcophagus towards the back, and the enigmatic bust of the emperor Caracalla from the third century. THE M E TROPOL I TAN M US E UM O F A RT Metropolitan Museum of Art Art of Africa, Oceania, and the Americas Michael C. Rockefeller, son of Governor Nelson Rockefeller, disappeared during a trip to West New Guinea in 1961.

Move into the Library to see more British pictures, such as Reynolds’ Lady Taylor, who’s dwarfed by her huge blue ribbon and feather hat, and one of Constable’s Salisbury Cathedral series; there’s also a portrait of Frick himself here, as a white-bearded old man. Across in the North Hall, look for a beguiling portrait by Ingres, Comtesse d’Haussonville. The West Gallery is another important space: the long, elegant room is decorated with dark-green walls and carpet, a concave glass ceiling, and ornately carved wood trim. There’s a clutch of snazzy Dutch pictures here, including a set of piercing self-portraits by Rembrandt and a couple of uncharacteristically informal portraits of Frans Snyders and his wife by Van Dyck, Frick’s favorite artist. This gallery is also the location of the last picture Frick himself bought before his death in 1919: Vermeer’s seemingly unfinished Mistress and Maid, a snapshot of an intimate moment.


pages: 941 words: 237,152

USA's Best Trips by Sara Benson

Albert Einstein, California gold rush, car-free, carbon footprint, desegregation, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, Donner party, East Village, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, haute cuisine, if you build it, they will come, indoor plumbing, Kickstarter, lateral thinking, McMansion, mega-rich, New Urbanism, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, side project, Silicon Valley, the High Line, transcontinental railway, trickle-down economics, urban renewal, urban sprawl, white flight, white picket fence, Works Progress Administration

Whether it’s Warhol’s version of a gun-slinging Elvis, Northwestern totem poles, or flowery stained glass, everyone will find something they wish they owned. When you’re done, pop around the corner and check out the Seattle Public Library, one of the most dazzling modern structures in the city. The building is made almost entirely of diamond-shaped panes of glass, and, on certain days, it manages to feel sunnier indoors than out. Be sure to check out the wow-inducing, 12,000-sq-ft reading room with 40ft glass ceilings. For dinner, make reservations for Dahlia Lounge. It’s an institution, and one of those rare places that locals and tourists seem to agree on. With crimson walls, fabulous desserts, and celebrity chef Tom Douglas, it’s an easy choice for dinner, but, if nothing else, stop by and get something sweet to go from the Dahlia Bakery next door. If there’s anything else besides coffee that Seattle is known for, it’s – well, you already know, it’s live music.

DO Chop Suey The intimate setting with kitschy Asian touches makes this a great place for catching up-and-coming indie artists. 206-324-8005; www.chopsuey.com; 1325 E Madison St; admission $5-15; 7pm-2am, door times vary Elliott Bay Bookstore This huge independent bookstore is ideal for browsing on a rainy afternoon. 206-624-6600; www.elliottbaybook.com; 101 S Main St; 9:30am-9pm Mon-Sat, 11am-7pm Sun Experience Music Project & Science Fiction Museum One admission gets you into both, and there’s plenty of memorabilia to keep you amused. 877-367-7361; www.empsfm.org; 325 5th Ave N; adult/youth, student & senior/under 5yr $15/12/free; 10am-7pm Neumo’s It gets hot and crowded, sure, but their lineup keeps people coming back. 206-709-9467; www.neumos.com; 925 E Pike St; admission $7-21; schedule varies Olympic Sculpture Park When the sun comes out, you don’t want to be inside an art museum. 206-654-3100; 2901 Western Ave; admission free; sunrise-sunset Pike Place Market Come watch the fishmongers tossing huge king salmon, and soak in the Seattle atmosphere. 206-682-7453; www.pikeplacemarket.org; 1501 Pike Pl; admission free; stores 10am-6pm Mon-Sat, 11am-5pm Sun Seattle Art Museum This excellent museum, which doubled in size in 2007, packs in everything from tribal masks to tea cups. 206-654-3100; www.seattleartmuseum.org; 1300 1st Ave; adult/senior/student/under 12yr $15/12/9/free; 10am-5pm Tue-Sun, 10am-9pm Thu & Fri, closed Tue in winter Seattle Public Library When everyone says you have to go to the library, you know it must be good. 206-386-4636; www.spl.org; 1000 4th Ave; 10am-8pm Mon-Wed, 10am-6pm Thu-Sat, 1-5pm Sun Tractor Tavern Check out live rockabilly, alt country and acoustic sets (but be prepared to stand). 206-789-3599; www.tractortavern.com; 5213 Ballard Ave NW; admission $6-20; door times vary EAT 5 Spot Huge portions and a cute neon sign make this local spot a favorite. 206-285-7768; www.chowfoods.com/five/; 1502 Queen Anne Ave N; mains $8-14; breakfast, lunch & dinner Bimbo’s Cantina Killer burritos in a fun, loud atmosphere that’s decorated in a lucha libre style. 206-322-9950; 1013 E Pike St; mains $6-10; kitchen noon-midnight, cantina to 2am Dahlia Lounge Chef Tom Douglas is Seattle’s favorite foodie; at least come for dessert. 206-682-4142; www.tomdouglas.com; 2001 4th Ave; mains $24-38; brunch Sat & Sun, lunch Mon-Fri, dinner Mon-Sat Etta’s Seafood Make reservations for this popular seafood spot near Pike’s Place Market. 206-443-6000; www.tomdouglas.com; 2020 Western Ave; mains $12-25; lunch & dinner Mon-Sat, brunch 9am-3pm Sat & Sun Salumi Hope for a table in this tiny deli, but be prepared to take your sandwiches to go. 206-621-8772; www.salumicuredmeats.com; 309 3rd Ave S; mains $7-14; 11am-4pm Tue-Fri Top Pot Doughnuts Whether or not this place serves the finest coffee in town, it’s definitely got the best doughnuts. 206-728-1966; 2124 5th Ave; 6am-7pm Mon-Fri, 7am-7pm Sat & Sun DRINK Starbucks Once it was a little independent coffee shop. 206-448-8762; 1912 Pike Pl; 6am-9pm Mon-Fri, 6:30am-9pm Sat & Sun (reduced hrs in winter) Zeitgeist Coffee Zeitgeist will keep you from going to a chain you have at home. 206-583-0497; www.zeitgeistcoffee.com; 171 S Jackson St; 6am-7pm Mon-Fri, 8am-7pm Sat & Sun SLEEP Ace Hotel Stylish and modern, this place has the feel of a converted loft that your artist friend owns. 206-448-4721; www.acehotel.com; 2423 1st Ave; r $75-199 Arctic Club Nostalgia is just one of the amenities of this plush, retro hotel; don’t miss the Dome Room’s leaded-glass ceiling. 206-340-0340; www.arcticclubhotel.com; 700 3rd Ave; r $90-250 Green Tortoise Hostel Located just steps from Pike’s Place Market, this place has got the best location and the lowest prices in town. 206-340-1222; www.greentortoise.net; 105 Pike St; d $28-32 USEFUL WEBSITES www.thestranger.com www.visitseattle.org * * * * * * LINK YOUR TRIP www.lonelyplanet.com/trip-planner TRIP 7 Wet & Wild West Coast 97 Whistle-Stop Brewery Tour 98 The Simpsons to the Shining * * * Return to beginning of chapter TRIP 93 Pacific Northwest Grand Tour * * * WHY GO This meandering journey through the Pacific Northwest takes you from western Canada’s largest city to the California border.


pages: 363 words: 104,113

Clan Corporate by Stross, Charles

glass ceiling, indoor plumbing, liquidity trap, RFID

I figure I’m not good for many more years, even with the drugs, but while I’m around I can watch your back. Do you see?” “That was a mistake, it would seem.” “Oh yes.” Iris was silent for almost a minute. “Because there are no grandchildren, and in the terms of the game that means I’m not a full player. I thought for a while your business plans on the other side would serve instead, but there’s the glass ceiling again: you’re a woman. You’ve set yourself up to do something that just isn’t in the rules, so lots of people want to take you down. They want to make you play the game, to conform to expectations, because that reinforces their own role. If you don’t conform, you threaten them, so they’ll use that as an excuse to destroy you. And now they’ve got me as a hostage to use against you.” “Oh. Oh shit.”


pages: 397 words: 109,631

Mindware: Tools for Smart Thinking by Richard E. Nisbett

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, availability heuristic, big-box store, Cass Sunstein, choice architecture, cognitive dissonance, correlation coefficient, correlation does not imply causation, cosmological constant, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, dark matter, endowment effect, experimental subject, feminist movement, fixed income, fundamental attribution error, glass ceiling, Henri Poincaré, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Isaac Newton, job satisfaction, Kickstarter, lake wobegon effect, libertarian paternalism, longitudinal study, loss aversion, low skilled workers, Menlo Park, meta analysis, meta-analysis, quantitative easing, Richard Thaler, Ronald Reagan, selection bias, Shai Danziger, Socratic dialogue, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, William of Occam, Zipcar

Proving that diversity training does or doesn’t work will require randomized experiments. We have to fight the reflexive conclusion that A can’t exert a causal influence on B because there is no correlation between the two. Discrimination: Look at the Statistics or Bug the Conference Room? While we’re on the topic of discrimination, let me point out that you can’t prove whether discrimination is going on in an organization—or a society—by statistics. You often read about “glass ceilings” for women in a given field or about disproportionate school suspensions of boys or minorities. The intimation—often the direct accusation—is that discrimination is at work. But numbers alone won’t tell the story. We don’t know that as many women as men have the qualifications or desire to be partners in law firms or high-level executives in corporations. And we have some pretty good reasons to believe that girls and boys are not equally likely to engage in behavior warranting suspension from school.


pages: 403 words: 106,707

Endure: Mind, Body, and the Curiously Elastic Limits of Human Performance by Alex Hutchinson

airport security, animal electricity, experimental subject, Fellow of the Royal Society, Frederick Winslow Taylor, glass ceiling, Iridium satellite, medical residency, meta analysis, meta-analysis, placebo effect, randomized controlled trial, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Stanford marshmallow experiment, technoutopianism, Walter Mischel

But expert consensus is that he’s also uniquely good at late-race “speed maintenance.” 9. Even in repeated all-out weightlifting efforts: I. Halperin et al., “Pacing Strategies During Repeated Maximal Voluntary Contractions,” European Journal of Applied Physiology 114, no. 7 (2014). 10. the prospects of a sub-two-hour marathon: For the analogy to the four-minute mile, see Claire Dorotik-Nana, “The Four Minute Mile, the Two Hour Marathon, and the Danger of Glass Ceilings,” PsychCentral.com, May 5, 2017. For skeptical takes, see Robert Johnson, “The Myth of the Sub-2-Hour Marathon,” LetsRun.com, May 6, 2013; and Ross Tucker, “The 2-Hour Marathon and the 4-Min Mile,” Science of Sport, December 16, 2014. 11. Spanish star José Luis González became the three hundredth man: According to the list maintained by the National Union of Track Statisticians, https://nuts.org.uk/sub-4/sub4-dat.htm. 12.


pages: 350 words: 110,764

The Problem With Work: Feminism, Marxism, Antiwork Politics, and Postwork Imaginaries by Kathi Weeks

basic income, call centre, cognitive dissonance, collective bargaining, conceptual framework, deskilling, feminist movement, financial independence, Ford paid five dollars a day, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, glass ceiling, late capitalism, low-wage service sector, means of production, moral panic, new economy, New Urbanism, occupational segregation, pink-collar, post-work, postindustrial economy, profit maximization, Shoshana Zuboff, social intelligence, two tier labour market, union organizing, universal basic income, wages for housework, women in the workforce, zero-sum game

Take, for example, Betty Friedan’s 1963 prescription for careers for women (which she distinguished from mere “jobs”) as an alternative to culturally mandated domesticity. As her feminist critics have since pointed out, most women’s experience with waged work was not then and is not now what Friedan had in mind when she waxed eloquent about the many rewards of a serious, disciplined, lifelong professional commitment. Most women in the United States worry less about being able to break through the glass ceiling than they do about falling through a structurally unstable floor. Focused as she was on a very specific population of white, middle-class American women, Friedan largely ignored the realities of a dual-wage labor market, constituted in part by the racial and gender divisions of labor, the poles of which have continued to move apart since 1963. Add to women’s often rather grim prospects for wage labor the challenges of single parenthood or the stubbornly persistent gender division of labor in the heterosexual family, and the result is an increasingly strict economy of time, with women putting in longer working hours and enjoying less free time than men (see Sirianni and Negrey 2000, 62–63).


pages: 453 words: 111,010

Licence to be Bad by Jonathan Aldred

"Robert Solow", Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, availability heuristic, Ayatollah Khomeini, Benoit Mandelbrot, Berlin Wall, Black Swan, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Carmen Reinhart, Cass Sunstein, clean water, cognitive dissonance, corporate governance, correlation does not imply causation, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, Donald Trump, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, Edward Snowden, Fall of the Berlin Wall, falling living standards, feminist movement, framing effect, Frederick Winslow Taylor, From Mathematics to the Technologies of Life and Death, full employment, George Akerlof, glass ceiling, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, John Nash: game theory, John von Neumann, Long Term Capital Management, Louis Bachelier, mandelbrot fractal, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Mont Pelerin Society, mutually assured destruction, Myron Scholes, Nash equilibrium, Norbert Wiener, nudge unit, obamacare, offshore financial centre, Pareto efficiency, Paul Samuelson, plutocrats, Plutocrats, positional goods, profit maximization, profit motive, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, rent-seeking, Richard Thaler, ride hailing / ride sharing, risk tolerance, road to serfdom, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, Skype, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, spectrum auction, The Nature of the Firm, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, Vilfredo Pareto, wealth creators, zero-sum game

He did not believe parents should bequeath their wealth to their children (although Buchanan had none), and he never had any formal affiliation to a political party. Buchanan found his distrust of what he called the ‘East Coast establishment’ confirmed first in the Navy, and then, when applying for academic jobs, when he felt repeatedly passed over in favour of less well-qualified applicants from Ivy League universities. He complained that he had been ‘subjected to overt discrimination’10 – although he could hardly worry about a glass ceiling after winning the Nobel Prize for economics in 1986. Buchanan’s career was spent mostly at universities in Virginia rather than Ivy League establishments. This physical separation from US academic elites was reinforced by a political separation: Buchanan and his colleagues saw the mainstream faith in ‘neutral’ bureaucrats who serve the public interest as leading down the road to communism. They called their own approach public choice theory, a bizarre name, given their belief that the public cannot make coherent collective choices, and indeed that there are no such things as the public interest, the public good, public service or public servants.


pages: 431 words: 106,435

How the Post Office Created America: A History by Winifred Gallagher

British Empire, California gold rush, centre right, Charles Lindbergh, City Beautiful movement, clean water, collective bargaining, glass ceiling, hiring and firing, indoor plumbing, Monroe Doctrine, New Urbanism, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Republic of Letters, Silicon Valley, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman, upwardly mobile, white flight, wikimedia commons, women in the workforce, Works Progress Administration

In 1958, Postmaster General Summerfield had trumpeted, “With our near 16,000 women Postmasters representing close to half of our entire management staff, we believe it is fair to say the American Post Office Department . . . recognizes the management abilities of women perhaps more than any other private or governmental organization anywhere.” However, his disingenuous statement tried to equate postmasters and executives. The first woman to break that glass ceiling was Alice B. Sanger, who had been employed by Benjamin Harrison before he was elected president. He made her a clerk in the White House in 1889, which distinguished her as one of the first women to work there who wasn’t a maid. She joined the Post Office Department in 1894, rose up the ladder, and in 1925 became an assistant clerk to the department’s chief clerk—the first woman to hold that position.


pages: 1,016 words: 283,960

Aftermath: Following the Bloodshed of America's Wars in the Muslim World by Nir Rosen

Ayatollah Khomeini, failed state, glass ceiling, Google Earth, liberal capitalism, Parag Khanna, selection bias, unemployed young men, urban sprawl, éminence grise

In electing not to fight the Americans, the army had expected to be recognized by the occupation; indeed, until Bremer arrived it appeared that many Iraqi soldiers and officers were hoping to cooperate with the Americans. Bremer, however, treated Iraqis as if they harbored ancient grievances, claiming in an article after he retired that “Shiite conscripts were regularly brutalized and abused by their Sunni officers.” This was not true: although Sunnis were overrepresented in the officer corps and Shiites sometimes felt there was a glass ceiling, there were Shiite ministers and generals, and at least one-third of the famous deck of cards of those Iraqis most wanted by the Americans were Shiites. Complex historical factors account for why Sunnis were overrepresented in majority-Shiite areas. Many attribute this to the legacy of the Ottomans and the British colonizers, while others theorize that minorities took power in several postcolonial Arab countries—Alawites in Syria, Maronites in Lebanon, and Sunnis in Iraq.

I bought a bicycle to avoid the taxi drivers.” Dr. Mouayad al-Windawi was a Shiite professor of political science who left the University of Baghdad in May 2005. “In my first lesson after the war, I said this will be a disaster and bring us nothing. We will live in chaos for a long time.” A member of the Baath Party until 2001, he explained to me that under Saddam there was some sectarianism, but it was not overt. A glass ceiling kept many Shiites from advancing too high. “I worked with the Iraqi government for the last forty years,” he said. “Not much attention was paid to who you are.” I asked him how sectarianism had increased after the war. “Ask Mr. Bremer,” he told me, referring to Paul Bremer, head of the Coalition Provisional Authority. “Bremer’s system for political parties was good for blocs, not parties. It was good for Kurds and [Supreme Council leader] Hakim.


pages: 423 words: 115,336

This Is Only a Test: How Washington D.C. Prepared for Nuclear War by David F. Krugler

Berlin Wall, City Beautiful movement, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, Frank Gehry, full employment, glass ceiling, index card, nuclear winter, RAND corporation, Silicon Valley, urban planning, Victor Gruen, white flight, Works Progress Administration

Loftily named Columbia, the meticulously planned community had villages connected by paths and parkways. Like Reston, Columbia had approximately 50,000 residents by the mid1980s. Rouse actively participated in the planning and development of Columbia, and he insisted that builders and realtors abjure racial discrimination. He proudly located his company’s headquarters in the town center and commissioned architect Frank Gehry to design an exhibition building. Galleria, the shopping mall, had a glass ceiling, trees, and fountains. Columbia soon enticed people looking for a community that blended the best features of urban, suburban, and small town living. Historian Nicholas Dagen Bloom: “by the late 1960s and early 1970s, Columbia was poised as an attractive alternative to surrounding suburbs.”64 Augur and Stein could hardly have wanted more for their own imagined cluster cities. Except dispersed federal buildings.


pages: 459 words: 118,959

Confidence Game: How a Hedge Fund Manager Called Wall Street's Bluff by Christine S. Richard

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Asian financial crisis, asset-backed security, banking crisis, Bernie Madoff, Blythe Masters, buy and hold, cognitive dissonance, collateralized debt obligation, corporate governance, corporate raider, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, diversification, Donald Trump, family office, financial innovation, fixed income, forensic accounting, glass ceiling, Long Term Capital Management, market bubble, money market fund, moral hazard, old-boy network, Ponzi scheme, profit motive, short selling, statistical model, white flight, zero-sum game

It was a patchwork of bets—for $10 million, $50 million, and $100 million—with numerous counterparties and expiration dates ranging from just a few months to five years and more into the future. “Keep selling,” Ackman messaged Saad back. The transactions that day marked the first time Ackman had sold any significant amount of MBIA exposure since he began buying protection on MBIA in 2002. Under the Palm Court’s famous stained-glass ceiling, the birthday group had settled into enormous high-backed upholstered chairs. Ackman’s grandmother was dwarfed by the chair, and even Ackman at 6 feet 3 inches looked a bit like a kid at the grown-ups’ table. Back at Pershing Square, the investment team was intensely focused on the news. Somebody needed to go through MBIA’s financial statements and see at what level the collateral calls on the GIC contracts kicked in, Ackman messaged Mick McGuire.


pages: 404 words: 113,514

Atrocity Archives by Stross, Charles

airport security, anthropic principle, Berlin Wall, brain emulation, British Empire, Buckminster Fuller, defense in depth, disintermediation, experimental subject, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, hypertext link, Khyber Pass, mandelbrot fractal, Menlo Park, MITM: man-in-the-middle, NP-complete, the medium is the message, Y2K, yield curve

I lean back in my chair, tipping it on two legs; my head aches abominably. "I get the picture." My third interrogator pipes up in a reedy voice: "This isn't the whole story, is it, Robert?" I stare at her, annoyed. "Probably not, no." Bridget is a blonde yuppwardly-mobile executive, her sights fixed on the dizzying heights of the cabinet office in seeming ignorance of the bulletproof glass ceiling that hovers over all of us who work in the Laundry. Her main job description seems to be making life shitty for everybody farther down the ladder, principally by way of her number one henchperson, Harriet. She holds forth, strictly for the record: "I'm unhappy about the way this assignment was set up. This was supposed to be a straightforward meet-andpitch session, barely one rung up from having our local consul pay a social call.


pages: 372 words: 116,005

The Secret Barrister: Stories of the Law and How It's Broken by Secret Barrister

cognitive bias, Donald Trump, G4S, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), mandatory minimum, race to the bottom, Schrödinger's Cat, statistical model

Once the Treason Trial Act of 1696, which guaranteed the right to defence representation in treason cases, nudged the door ajar, beseeching lawyers persuaded judges to incrementally extend the right to representation in other, serious trials, until, by the end of the eighteenth century, defence advocates were a regular presence in the criminal courts. And, as feared, they ran riot over the settled production line of convicting miscreants. At first the barrister’s role was strictly limited: he (for it was always ‘he’ until Helena Normanton smashed the glass ceiling in 1922) could address the court on matters of law. And he could cross-examine the prosecution witnesses. He was not permitted to assist in the presentation of the defence evidence, and was not allowed to address the jury. The theory was that defendants would continue to be obliged to speak in their own defence, from which the truth would emerge. Inevitably, lawyers pushed the envelope. Matters of facts were spuriously recast as matters of law.


pages: 389 words: 119,487

21 Lessons for the 21st Century by Yuval Noah Harari

1960s counterculture, accounting loophole / creative accounting, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, agricultural Revolution, algorithmic trading, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, Ayatollah Khomeini, basic income, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, blockchain, Boris Johnson, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, carbon-based life, cognitive dissonance, computer age, computer vision, cryptocurrency, cuban missile crisis, decarbonisation, deglobalization, Donald Trump, failed state, Filter Bubble, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Freestyle chess, gig economy, glass ceiling, Google Glasses, illegal immigration, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet of things, invisible hand, job automation, knowledge economy, liberation theology, Louis Pasteur, low skilled workers, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, mass immigration, means of production, Menlo Park, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Mohammed Bouazizi, mutually assured destruction, Naomi Klein, obamacare, pattern recognition, post-work, purchasing power parity, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Scramble for Africa, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, transatlantic slave trade, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, universal basic income, uranium enrichment, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, zero-sum game

In fact there are thousands of people alive today who trace their ancestry back to the aboriginal population of Tasmania, and they struggle with many unique problems – one of which is that their very existence is frequently denied, not least by learned scholars. Even if you personally belong to a disadvantaged group, and therefore have a deep first-hand understanding of its viewpoint, that does not mean you understand the viewpoint of all other such groups. For each group and subgroup faces a different maze of glass ceilings, double standards, coded insults and institutional discrimination. A thirty-year-old African American man has thirty years’ experience of what it means to be an African American man. But he has no experience of what it means to be an African American woman, a Bulgarian Roma, a blind Russian or a Chinese lesbian. As he grew up, this African American man was repeatedly stopped and searched by the police for no apparent reason – something the Chinese lesbian never had to undergo.


Little Failure: A Memoir by Gary Shteyngart

Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Anton Chekhov, East Village, glass ceiling, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, New Journalism, Ronald Reagan, Yom Kippur War, young professional

Enter Maya (name changed), a sweet, damaged round girl who is a dominatrix in the Vault, New York’s premier sadomasochist club, whom I will also pluck from life and pin, with a modicum of blood spilled, onto the pages of my burgeoning first novel under the name Challah. Enter me. John invites me out. I am so impressed to be meeting a real writer I tell John I will gladly pay for dinner. I take him to a fancy Indian place called Akbar on Park Avenue and Fifty-Ninth, where Paulie, my lecherous high school boss, used to take me. The restaurant has stained-glass ceilings that dazzle my Little Neck eye, and the waiters seem very proud of their powerful tandoor oven, from which emerges my very first pillowy naan bread, the steam rising magically around my fingers as I tear it apart. I do not realize that this is the last fancy meal I will pay for in the next five years, nor that I am about to turn in one benefactor for another, this one without the urge to bend me over his desk.


pages: 349 words: 112,333

The Mark Inside: A Perfect Swindle, a Cunning Revenge, and a Small History of the Big Con by Amy Reading

Frederick Winslow Taylor, glass ceiling, joint-stock company, new economy, shareholder value, transcontinental railway, upwardly mobile, zero-sum game

Norfleet’s sting properly began the next morning, when he put on his bunchy suit and his too-small Panama hat and headed for the Brown Palace Hotel on Seventeenth Street, the elegant anchor of the city’s business district and the main pond in which the steerers fished. Robert Maiden, one of Van Cise’s private detectives, was watching him, and he recorded in his surveillance notes that Norfleet first entered the Brown Palace on August 22, 1922, at 11:10 a.m. As soon as he did, Norfleet saw a steerer lounging in a club chair, but first he would play his big entrance to the hilt. He walked into the atrium under the stained-glass ceiling eight stories above him, a room that had held royals, millionaires, and Roosevelts. He stood for a moment in his homespun shagginess, letting his incongruity sharpen, and then he pounced on a man who had just entered the atrium with his two young daughters. “Well, well, I thought I knowed you,” Norfleet exclaimed, pumping his hand. “You’re Mr. Woolridge from down my way in Texas, ain’t you?”


pages: 364 words: 119,398

Men Who Hate Women: From Incels to Pickup Artists, the Truth About Extreme Misogyny and How It Affects Us All by Laura Bates

4chan, Ada Lovelace, Boris Johnson, cognitive dissonance, coherent worldview, Dominic Cummings, Donald Trump, feminist movement, Filter Bubble, gender pay gap, glass ceiling, Grace Hopper, job satisfaction, Kickstarter, off grid, recommendation engine, ride hailing / ride sharing, Snapchat, young professional

From the Telegraph to BuzzFeed to The Observer, articles included quotes from the party’s leader, Mike Buchanan, such as: ‘We hear a lot about misogyny, which is actually very rare, but a hatred of men is very commonplace… As far as the state is concerned, males are pretty much subhuman and they’ll do anything they can to destroy men’s lives.’ In his new status as a politician, Buchanan was also given free rein to opine unchallenged about the ‘myth’ of the glass ceiling, stating: ‘Women just want to do other things with their lives… They’re less driven and have less to gain from getting to the top of their professions, so they naturally don’t put the effort in that a man would.’25 Although much of the coverage was critical, the very fact that such quotes appeared in the national press in the context of a political leader running for office helps to provide MRA ideology with a sense of legitimacy and acceptability, while also serving as a gateway for potentially susceptible converts, who might go on to access some of the movement’s more extreme online spaces as a result.


Germany Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

Airbnb, Albert Einstein, bank run, Berlin Wall, bike sharing scheme, British Empire, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, double helix, eurozone crisis, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, haute couture, haute cuisine, Honoré de Balzac, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Johannes Kepler, Kickstarter, low cost airline, low cost carrier, Mikhail Gorbachev, New Urbanism, oil shale / tar sands, Peace of Westphalia, Peter Eisenman, post-work, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, sensible shoes, Skype, starchitect, trade route, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, V2 rocket, white picket fence

Solar BAR Offline map Google map (0163-765 2700; www.solar-berlin.de; Stresemannstrasse 76; 6pm-2am Sun-Thu, to 4am Fri & Sat; Anhalter Bahnhof) Views of the skyline are truly impressive at this chic 17th-floor sky lounge with dim lighting and soft black-leather couches. Getting there aboard an exterior glass lift is half the fun. Enter via the chunky high-rise behind the Pit Stop auto shop. KREUZBERG & NORTHERN NEUKÖLLN Würgeengel BAR Offline map Google map (www.wuergeengel.de; Dresdner Strasse 122; from 7pm; Kottbusser Tor) For a swish night out, point the compass to this ʼ50s-style cocktail cave complete with glass ceiling, chandeliers and shiny black tables. It’s especially busy after the final credits roll at the adjacent Babylon Offline map Google map 6160 9693; www.yorck.de; Dresdner Strasse 126; tickets €5.50-7.50; Kottbusser Tor) cinema. The name, by the way, pays homage to the surreal 1962 Buñuel movie Exterminating Angel. Smoking allowed. Ankerklause PUB Offline map Google map (693 5649; www.ankerklause.de; Kottbusser Damm 104; from 4pm Mon, from 10am Tue-Sun; Kottbusser Tor) Ahoy there!

Dreifaltigkeitskirche CHURCH (Klosterplatz 21; audioguide €2; 10am-6pm Mon-Sat, 11am-6pm Sun Apr-Oct, to 4pm Nov-Mar) Dominating Obermarkt, this 15th-century former Franciscan monastery church is packed with medieval masterpieces, most notably the baroque high altar and the late Gothic ‘Golden Mary’ altar. Art Nouveau Department Store ARCHITECTURE (Marienplatz) Until 2009 you could still buy everything from socks to clocks in this architectural stunner centred on a galleried atrium accented with wooden balustrades, floating staircases and palatial chandeliers, and lidded by an ornately patterned glass ceiling. It will remain empty (but is usually open in the daytime) until a new investor can be found. Another art-nouveau delicacy is the nearby Strassburg Passage, a light-flooded shopping arcade connecting Berliner Strasse and Jacobstrasse. UNTERMARKT & EASTERN ALTSTADT Barockhaus MUSEUM (671 355; www.museum-goerlitz.de; Neissstrasse 30; adult/concession €5/3.50; 10am-5pm Tue-Sat) Johann Christian Ameiss was a wealthy merchant who translated his Midas touch into this magnificent baroque residence that later became the seat of a prestigious science society.

In summer you can enjoy the refreshing brew and local specialities beneath starry skies in the beer garden. Potato pancakes are served on Fridays. Brauhaus Peters BEER HALL Offline map Google map (257 3950; www.peters-brauhaus.de; Mühlengasse 1; dishes €4-13; 11am-12.30am) This relative youngster draws a somewhat less raucous crowd knocking back their Kölsch in a web of highly individualistic nooks, including a room lidded by a kaleidoscopic stained-glass ceiling. On Tuesday, insiders invade for the freshly made potato pancakes. The wood carving over the main entrance translates as: ‘Hops and malt, God preserves’. Früh am Dom BEER HALL Offline map Google map (258 0394; www.frueh.de; Am Hof 12-14; mains €5-12) This warren of a beer hall near the Dom epitomises Cologne earthiness. Sit inside amid loads of knick-knacks or on the flower-filled terrace next to a fountain.


pages: 257 words: 56,811

The Rough Guide to Toronto by Helen Lovekin, Phil Lee

airport security, British Empire, car-free, glass ceiling, global village, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, haute cuisine, indoor plumbing, Jane Jacobs, joint-stock company, Khyber Pass, Kickstarter, Marshall McLuhan, megacity, place-making, urban renewal, urban sprawl

Hung with flags, heavy-duty chandeliers and suits of armour, it’s a remarkably cheerless place, but, in a touch worthy of Errol Flynn, the hall is overlooked by a balcony at the end of Pellatt’s second-floor bedroom; presumably, Sir Henry could, like some medieval baron, welcome his guests from on high. Pushing on, the library and then the walnut-panelled dining room lead to the conservatory, an elegant and spacious room with a marble floor and side-panels set beneath a handsome Tiffany domed glass ceiling. Well-lit, this is perhaps the mansion’s most appealing room, its flowerbeds kept warm even in winter by the original network of steam pipes. The nearby study was Sir Henry’s favourite room, a serious affair engulfed by mahogany panelling and equipped with two secret passageways, one leading to the wine cellar, the other to his wife’s rooms – a quintessential dichotomy. Also of note is the groundfloor Oak Room, which comes complete with an elaborate stucco ceiling and acres of finely carved oak panelling.


pages: 388 words: 125,472

The Establishment: And How They Get Away With It by Owen Jones

anti-communist, Asian financial crisis, bank run, battle of ideas, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, bonus culture, Boris Johnson, Bretton Woods, British Empire, call centre, capital controls, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, centre right, citizen journalism, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collective bargaining, don't be evil, Edward Snowden, Etonian, eurozone crisis, falling living standards, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, full employment, G4S, glass ceiling, hiring and firing, housing crisis, inflation targeting, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), investor state dispute settlement, James Dyson, laissez-faire capitalism, light touch regulation, market fundamentalism, mass immigration, Monroe Doctrine, Mont Pelerin Society, moral hazard, Neil Kinnock, night-watchman state, Northern Rock, Occupy movement, offshore financial centre, old-boy network, open borders, plutocrats, Plutocrats, popular capitalism, profit motive, quantitative easing, race to the bottom, rent control, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, short selling, sovereign wealth fund, stakhanovite, statistical model, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transfer pricing, union organizing, unpaid internship, Washington Consensus, wealth creators, Winter of Discontent

Much of the rest of the population, on the other hand, is increasingly expected to sink or swim: their experience is capitalism, red in tooth and claw. It is not just self-avowed left-wingers who criticize the ‘socialism for the rich’ that runs through Britain’s Establishment; there are libertarian right-wingers who acknowledge it, too. Douglas Carswell is a maverick, self-professed ‘libertarian’ Conservative MP. As we sit beneath the arched glass ceiling of Parliament’s Portcullis House, he tells me that he draws inspiration from the radical Levellers of seventeenth-century England. ‘I look around and I think of the disputes of the seventeenth century: we’re still up against an arrogant effete elite who hoard power and leech and parasite off the rest of us,’ he says, his words delivered in emphatic, staccato bursts. ‘I suspect a lot of the problems started to arise – and it pains me to say this because I am an ardent Thatcherite – in the 1980s.


pages: 456 words: 123,534

The Dawn of Innovation: The First American Industrial Revolution by Charles R. Morris

air freight, American ideology, British Empire, business process, California gold rush, clean water, colonial exploitation, computer age, Dava Sobel, en.wikipedia.org, glass ceiling, hiring and firing, if you build it, they will come, interchangeable parts, Isaac Newton, Jacquard loom, James Hargreaves, James Watt: steam engine, John Harrison: Longitude, joint-stock company, lone genius, manufacturing employment, new economy, New Urbanism, old age dependency ratio, On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures, purchasing power parity, QWERTY keyboard, refrigerator car, Robert Gordon, spinning jenny, Stephen Hawking, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade route, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman, undersea cable

Tactics included smaller families, more intense child rearing and education, budgetary management and savings plans, and training children in prudence and deportment. The new respect for the purchasing power of women was reflected in the blossoming of the department store. The first establishment by that name was John Wanamaker’s, which opened in Philadelphia in 1876 as the “largest space in the world devoted to retail selling on a single floor.” Occupying a full city block in midtown, it was all about women. Lighted by a stained-glass ceiling by day and hundreds of gas lights by night, it was arranged in concentric circles, as much as two-thirds of a mile long, with 1,100 counter stools, so a lady could sit and discuss her purchase. Displays featured “Ladies’ Furnishings Goods,” “Gloves,” “Laces,” and “Linen Sheeting.” The 70,000 people who showed up on opening day were naturally almost all women, as were the counter assistants—although the lordly, formally dressed floor walkers were all male.


pages: 457 words: 125,224

The Lie of the Land by Amanda Craig

financial independence, glass ceiling, Google Earth, housing crisis, illegal immigration, pink-collar

He knows at once she will like them, and suddenly a bristling knot of anxiety loosens in his gut. Maybe, he thinks, I can get through this after all. At Paddington Station, people are surging forwards and sideways at every announcement. The biannual exodus from London is in full swing, and a brass band breaks into the theme tune from The Dambusters. ‘Dear God, no,’ he mutters, but the fools actually get applause. Once, this place with its soaring glass ceilings and elegant white ironwork showed him the silhouettes of domes and spires. Now, he must turn his back on it and return to the Land that Style Forgot. Whenever he sees someone in a tunic, jerkin and furry boots, he knows where they’re heading. What is it about the West Country that turns minds to mush? There are those who arrive in suits and change into wetsuits in the train toilet, ready for surfing; there are commuters getting noisily drunk, and families joining relations instead of staying sensibly apart.


pages: 420 words: 126,194

The Strange Death of Europe: Immigration, Identity, Islam by Douglas Murray

anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, borderless world, Boris Johnson, British Empire, centre right, cognitive dissonance, deindustrialization, European colonialism, facts on the ground, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, glass ceiling, high net worth, illegal immigration, low skilled workers, Mark Zuckerberg, mass immigration, open borders, post-industrial society, white flight

Born thirteen years after Richter, in the year the Second World War ended, his work is even more obviously devoted to recording a great culture in the wreckage of its self-destruction. His vast Interior (1981), like Richter’s work of the 1960s, obviously records the horror. In this case the first-time viewer can probably guess, by the grandiosity of the room and the dilapidation of the image – the shattered look of the glass ceiling, the ripped walls in the grand hall – that this is a Nazi room. Further reading shows that it is in fact one of the offices in the New Reich Chancellery designed for Hitler by Albert Speer. But the sense that this is a grand vista (the painting is about nine square metres) of a room in which something terrible happened is as obvious as a guilty-looking man in a police line-up. More recent works like Ages of the World (2014) are also carefully created depictions of societal ruin.


pages: 414 words: 128,962

The Marches: A Borderland Journey Between England and Scotland by Rory Stewart

agricultural Revolution, British Empire, connected car, Etonian, glass ceiling, Isaac Newton, Khyber Pass, land reform, RAND corporation, Silicon Valley

The manager of my boutique hotel – with its international accreditation and carefully arranged swathes of thick silk curtain – had trained abroad. On the way out of Melrose I stopped at Walter Scott’s house at Abbotsford. It was closed. A £15 million renovation was focused, it appeared, on building an underground car park and visitor centre. An artist had marked the entrance with knots of thick rope, strung from a forty-foot glass ceiling. A vast video screen showed a young fashion designer leaning out of an armchair and confiding, ‘I haven’t read anything by Walter Scott, but he is very important to me.’ I continued through the back of Scott’s estate and came out by a small grey loch, municipally arranged with gravel and a bench. This was Cauldshiels. Scott had bought it partly to prevent the local dyers from creating an industrial reservoir and partly to protect, I was told, the habitat for the kelpy.


Germany by Andrea Schulte-Peevers

Albert Einstein, bank run, Berlin Wall, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, computer age, credit crunch, Donald Trump, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Google Earth, haute couture, haute cuisine, Honoré de Balzac, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Johannes Kepler, Kickstarter, low cost airline, low cost carrier, Mikhail Gorbachev, New Urbanism, Peace of Westphalia, Peter Eisenman, place-making, post-work, ride hailing / ride sharing, sensible shoes, Skype, trade route, urban planning, urban renewal, V2 rocket, white picket fence

Kiki Blofeld (Map; Köpenicker Strasse 48/49; from 2pm Mon-Fri, from noon Sat & Sun) A Spree-side rendezvous with Kiki will have you swinging in a hammock, lounging on natural grassy benches, chilling on the riverside beach, waving to passing boats from the wooden deck, catching an offbeat flick or shaking it in an East German army boat patrol bunker. Würgeengel (Map; 615 5560; Dresdner Strasse 122; from 7pm) For a swanky night out, point the compass to this dimly lit cocktail cave. The interior is pure ’50s with a striking glass ceiling, chandeliers and shiny-black tables. The name, by the way, pays homage to the surreal 1962 Luis Buñuel movie, Exterminating Angel. Monarch (Map; Skalitzerstrasse 134; from 9pm Tue-Sat) Bonus points if you can find this upstairs bar right away. Tip: the unmarked entrance is next to the Döner shop near the Kaiser’s supermarket. Behind the steamed-up windows awaits an ingenious blend of trashy sophistication infused with bouncy electro, strong drinks and a relaxed vibe.

Behind the Kaisertrutz stands the Theater Görlitz ( 474 70; www.theater-goerlitz.de; Demianiplatz 2), which some consider Dresden’s Semperoper in miniature. East of here, on Marienplatz, is the Dicker Turm (Fat Tower), with walls almost 6m thick in some places. Walking south on Steinstrasse, past the Frauenkirche, you’ll soon reach the Karstadt department store (An der Frauenkirche 5-7), which would be unremarkable were it not for its amazing art-nouveau interior, canopied by a kaleidoscopic glass ceiling. Another architectural delicacy from the same period is the sparkling Strassburg Passage, a light-flooded shopping arcade connecting Berliner Strasse and Jacobstrasse. UNTERMARKT & EASTERN ALTSTADT The most beautiful patrician houses flank the Untermarkt, linked to Obermarkt by Brüderstrasse. The building at the square’s centre is the Alte Börse (old stock exchange), now a hotel. First up on your right, on the south side of Untermarkt, is the magnificent 1526 Schönhof, Germany’s oldest residential Renaissance structure.

BEER HALLS Beer reigns supreme in Cologne, where over 20 breweries produce the local variety called Kölsch, which is served in skinny glasses called Stangen. Pick from a selection of stout Rhenish dishes to keep you grounded. Brauhaus Peters (Map; 257 3950; Mühlengasse 1; dishes €4-13; 11am-12.30am) This relative youngster draws a somewhat less raucous crowd knocking back their Kölsch in a web of highly individualistic nooks, including a room lidded by a kaleidoscopic stained-glass ceiling. On Tuesday, insiders invade for the potato pancakes, freshly made and topped with anything from apple compote to smoked salmon. Früh am Dom (Map; 261 30; Am Hof 12-14; breakfast €4-13, mains €4-20) This warren of a beer hall near the Dom epitomises Cologne earthiness. Sit inside amid loads of knick-knacks or on the terrace next to a fountain. It’s also known for great breakfasts. Päffgen (Map; 135 461; Friesenstrasse 64-66; mains €6.50-17; 10am-midnight) Busy, loud and boisterous, Päffgen has been pouring Kölsch since 1883 and hasn’t lost a step since.


Northern California Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

Airbnb, Apple II, Asilomar, back-to-the-land, Bay Area Rapid Transit, big-box store, Burning Man, buy and hold, California gold rush, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, dark matter, Donald Trump, Donner party, East Village, El Camino Real, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Frank Gehry, friendly fire, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Google bus, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, haute cuisine, housing crisis, Joan Didion, Kickstarter, Loma Prieta earthquake, Lyft, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, Mason jar, McMansion, means of production, Port of Oakland, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, South of Market, San Francisco, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, the built environment, trade route, transcontinental railway, uber lyft, Upton Sinclair, urban sprawl, white picket fence, Whole Earth Catalog, women in the workforce, working poor, Works Progress Administration, young professional

oPalace HotelHOTEL$$$ ( MAP GOOGLE MAP ; %415-512-1111; www.sfpalace.com; 2 New Montgomery St; r from $300; aiWs#; mMontgomery, ZMontgomery) The 1906 landmark Palace remains a monument to turn-of-the-century grandeur, with 100-year-old Austrian-crystal chandeliers and Maxfield Parrish paintings. Cushy (if staid) accommodations cater to expense-account travelers, but prices drop at weekends. Even if you're not staying here, visit the opulent Garden Court to sip tea beneath a translucent glass ceiling. There's also a spa; kids love the big pool. North Beach & Chinatown Pacific Tradewinds HostelHOSTEL$ ( MAP GOOGLE MAP ; %415-433-7970; www.san-francisco-hostel.com; 680 Sacramento St; dm $35-45; hfront desk 8am-midnight; niW; g1, jCalifornia, ZMontgomery) San Francisco's smartest all-dorm hostel has a blue-and-white nautical theme, a fully equipped kitchen (free peanut butter and jelly sandwiches all day!)

From Hwy 198, turn north onto Rd 182; the park is about a half mile along on your left. 4Sleeping & Eating Lamp Liter MotelMOTEL$ ( GOOGLE MAP ; %559-732-4511; www.lampliter.net; 3300 W Mineral King Ave; r $75-125; aiWs) It could be a run-of-the-mill two-story courtyard motel, but this family-owned establishment surprises with its spotlessly clean, if dated, rooms and country cottages facing an outdoor pool. The Sequoia Shuttle stops here. Spalding HouseB&B$ ( GOOGLE MAP ; %559-739-7877; www.thespaldinghouse.com; 631 N Encina St; s/d $85/95; aW) Built by a lumber baron, this atmospheric 1901 Colonial Revival–style home offers three cozy guest suites with private sitting areas and gorgeous details, such as mosaic-tiled bathrooms, a stained-glass ceiling or a sleigh bed. Char-Cu-Te-RieCAFE$ ( GOOGLE MAP ; %559-733-7902; www.char-cu-te-rie.com; 211 W Main St; mains $6-9; h8am-3pm) Truffled eggs on brioche French toast, sourdough sandwiches spread with goat cheese and sweet figs, maple-bacon popcorn, date and Nutella ice-cream shakes and artisan coffee are just a few of the treats at this downtown storefront. Visalia Farmers Market – DowntownMARKET$ ( GOOGLE MAP ; www.visaliafarmersmarket.com; cnr E Main & N Church Sts; h5-8pm Thu mid-Mar–Sep; v) Fresh fruits and veggies sold downtown.


pages: 666 words: 131,148

Frommer's Seattle 2010 by Karl Samson

airport security, British Empire, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, global village, haute cuisine, place-making, sustainable-tourism, transcontinental railway, urban sprawl, white picket fence

The lobby, with its bar, billiards table, and travel-themed Art Deco furnishings, feels like it could be in Singapore or Nairobi; you half expect Humphrey Bogart to be sipping a gin and tonic in the corner. Guest rooms are decorated in keeping with the historic, adventure-travel theme. Be sure to sneak a peek inside the Northern Lights Dome Room, a grand hall with original frescoes, a stained-glass ceiling, and lots of ornate plasterwork and gilding. 700 Third Ave., Seattle, WA 98104. 80 0/222-TREE or 20 6/340-0340. Fax 20 6/340-0349. www.arcticclubhotel.com. 120 units. $129–$319 double. Children 17 and under stay free in parent’s room. AE, DC, DISC, MC, V. Valet parking $29. Pets accepted. Amenities: Restaurant, lounge; concierge; exercise room; room service. In room: A/C, TV, hair dryer, minibar, MP3 docking station, Wi-Fi.


pages: 441 words: 135,176

The Edifice Complex: How the Rich and Powerful--And Their Architects--Shape the World by Deyan Sudjic

Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, British Empire, call centre, colonial rule, Columbine, cuban missile crisis, dematerialisation, Deng Xiaoping, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Donald Trump, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute couture, haute cuisine, megastructure, Mikhail Gorbachev, new economy, New Urbanism, oil shock, Peter Eisenman, Ronald Reagan, Socratic dialogue, urban planning, urban renewal, V2 rocket, Victor Gruen

But then Bismarck had never wanted to be an architect. Past the Chancellery guards and out of the way of the floodlights, Ribbentrop ushered Hacha across the porch and into a windowless hall beyond, its walls inlaid with the pagan imagery of mosaic eagles grasping burning torches garlanded with oak leaves, its floors slippery with marble. There was no furniture, nor even a trace of carpet to soften the severity of the hall. A clouded glass ceiling floated over the marble, electrically lit from within to cast a shadowless light, in an inescapably modern, almost art-deco gesture. Even Hitler could not shut out every trace of the contemporary world. This was the space that the sculptor Arno Breker described as ‘permeated with the fire of political power’. And it had no other purpose than to impress. Under the hovering glass, and the massive marble walls, the bronze doors at the far end of the hall shimmered and beckoned and threatened.


pages: 493 words: 139,845

Women Leaders at Work: Untold Tales of Women Achieving Their Ambitions by Elizabeth Ghaffari

Albert Einstein, AltaVista, business cycle, business process, cloud computing, Columbine, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, dark matter, family office, Fellow of the Royal Society, financial independence, follow your passion, glass ceiling, Grace Hopper, high net worth, knowledge worker, Long Term Capital Management, longitudinal study, performance metric, pink-collar, profit maximization, profit motive, recommendation engine, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, thinkpad, trickle-down economics, urban planning, women in the workforce, young professional

But, you know you will have weighed it all—considered everything. That's what matters. Ghaffari: Do you give the same type of advice to men as you give to women? Horan: I do. Ghaffari: Where do you think is the area of greatest opportunity for careers for, especially for women at this point? Horan: I really do think that women can choose to do anything they want to do these days. Sure, the glass ceiling does still exist in some industries, but I don't think that should necessarily stop you if that's something you have a passion for. When I look around a company like IBM or any of the many companies that I do business with, there are women in senior leadership positions in many industries these days. I've actually been quite pleasantly surprised by the number of women CIOs that I've met in just the last four months.


pages: 458 words: 135,206

CTOs at Work by Scott Donaldson, Stanley Siegel, Gary Donaldson

Amazon Web Services, bioinformatics, business intelligence, business process, call centre, centre right, cloud computing, computer vision, connected car, crowdsourcing, data acquisition, distributed generation, domain-specific language, glass ceiling, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, pattern recognition, Pluto: dwarf planet, QR code, Richard Feynman, Ruby on Rails, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart grid, smart meter, software patent, thinkpad, web application, zero day, zero-sum game

Alving has a B.S. in mechanical engineering from Stanford University and a Ph.D. in mechanical and aerospace engineering from Princeton University. She also carried out post-doctoral research in Berlin, Germany. Siegel: Amy, we'd like to begin with your journey to CTO, and it's my understanding that you have multiple technical degrees. The question is, given when you went to school, what motivated you to develop a career in science and technology because at that time, if memory serves me correctly, there was a glass ceiling for women regarding getting into science and technology? Alving: I am a very curious person. I like to know how the world works. I didn't actually know what engineers did growing up because my whole family was in medicine. So I knew a lot about what physicians did. We talked about that at the dinner table. When I got to college, I actually started in physics because I like basic science and stayed a physics major for a little over a year while I figured out what I really wanted to do.


pages: 513 words: 141,963

Chasing the Scream: The First and Last Days of the War on Drugs by Johann Hari

Airbnb, centre right, failed state, glass ceiling, global pandemic, illegal immigration, mass incarceration, McJob, moral panic, Naomi Klein, placebo effect, profit motive, RAND corporation, Rat Park, Ronald Reagan, science of happiness, Steven Pinker, traveling salesman, War on Poverty

It wasn’t easy being a female cop in those days, but Leigh was proving she had balls, and she had some crucial allies. She drove the ninety miles to work every morning talking to her colleague Ed Toatley,2 a goateed African American undercover narcotics agent who had grown up just outside Baltimore. He was head of the union, and he stood up to the encrusted sexism on the force as Leigh rose higher and higher, cracking a series of glass ceilings. Yet the work Leigh was most driven by was taking on the drug gangs. This was what got her out of bed in the morning. She was sure that her roadside stops and drug busts were disrupting the supply routes through Maryland—and this meant there would be fewer gangsters, fewer addicts, less violence, and less misery in the world. This is one of the most important facts about Leigh, and one that it would be easy for somebody like me—with the politics that I have—to ignore.


pages: 447 words: 141,811

Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind by Yuval Noah Harari

Admiral Zheng, agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, Atahualpa, British Empire, cognitive dissonance, correlation does not imply causation, credit crunch, David Graeber, Edmond Halley, European colonialism, Francisco Pizarro, glass ceiling, global village, greed is good, income per capita, invention of gunpowder, Isaac Newton, joint-stock company, joint-stock limited liability company, Kickstarter, liberal capitalism, life extension, Mahatma Gandhi, megacity, Mikhail Gorbachev, out of africa, personalized medicine, Ponzi scheme, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, stem cell, Steven Pinker, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, urban planning, zero-sum game

Second, even if people belonging to different classes develop exactly the same abilities, they are unlikely to enjoy equal success because they will have to play the game by different rules. If, in British-ruled India, an Untouchable, a Brahmin, a Catholic Irishman and a Protestant Englishman had somehow developed exactly the same business acumen, they still would not have had the same chance of becoming rich. The economic game was rigged by legal restrictions and unofficial glass ceilings. The Vicious Circle All societies are based on imagined hierarchies, but not necessarily on the same hierarchies. What accounts for the differences? Why did traditional Indian society classify people according to caste, Ottoman society according to religion, and American society according to race? In most cases the hierarchy originated as the result of a set of accidental historical circumstances and was then perpetuated and refined over many generations as different groups developed vested interests in it.


pages: 444 words: 138,781

Evicted: Poverty and Profit in the American City by Matthew Desmond

affirmative action, Cass Sunstein, crack epidemic, Credit Default Swap, deindustrialization, desegregation, dumpster diving, ending welfare as we know it, fixed income, ghettoisation, glass ceiling, Gunnar Myrdal, housing crisis, informal economy, Jane Jacobs, jobless men, Kickstarter, late fees, mass incarceration, New Urbanism, payday loans, price discrimination, profit motive, rent control, statistical model, superstar cities, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, thinkpad, upwardly mobile, working poor, young professional

Later, the preacher’s wife and another white woman from the All Bible Baptist Church, Vanetta’s congregation, would join them in knit sweaters and thick glasses. When it was time, Vanetta took a seat next to her public defender, a foot-tapping white man in a plain black suit. The courtroom didn’t look like the kind you see on television, those open-air theaters with balconies, large ceiling fans, and people crowded into wooden pews. It was a small space, separated from the audience by a thick wall of glass. Ceiling speakers broadcast court proceedings to onlookers. The prosecution went first, represented by a fit, pink-faced assistant district attorney with thinning hair and trimmed beard. Many things about Vanetta impressed him. She had not been arrested before and had “some employment history.” “She apparently attended school into the eleventh grade. That is better education, as sad as that is, that’s better education than many of the defendants that we see.”


pages: 455 words: 133,719

Overwhelmed: Work, Love, and Play When No One Has the Time by Brigid Schulte

8-hour work day, affirmative action, Bertrand Russell: In Praise of Idleness, blue-collar work, Burning Man, business cycle, call centre, cognitive dissonance, David Brooks, deliberate practice, desegregation, DevOps, East Village, Edward Glaeser, epigenetics, fear of failure, feminist movement, financial independence, game design, gender pay gap, glass ceiling, helicopter parent, hiring and firing, income inequality, job satisfaction, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, labor-force participation, meta analysis, meta-analysis, new economy, profit maximization, Results Only Work Environment, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, sensible shoes, sexual politics, Silicon Valley, Skype, Steve Jobs, Thorstein Veblen, women in the workforce, working poor, Zipcar, éminence grise

No matter how much you do, how hard you work, how much you sacrifice, how devoted you are, you can never attain that ideal. You will never be the ideal worker. We’re all stuck. Williams, fifty-nine, knows the syndrome intimately. She began her own career as an environmental lawyer. “Then I had a baby.” She saw her home life revert to traditional gender roles and fall out of balance. “You want equality in the workplace? Die childless at thirty. You won’t have hit either the glass ceiling or the maternal wall,” she says. “People say there will never be equality in the workplace until there’s equality in the home. But to me, it’s really the reverse. There will never be equality at home until there’s equality in the workplace, until we redefine the ideal worker. Because until then, men will feel they have no choice but to meet that ideal, even if they don’t believe in it, because they want to be ‘successful’.”


pages: 435 words: 134,462

The Perfect Mile: Three Athletes, One Goal, and Less Than Four Minutes to Achieve It by Neal Bascomb, Kingfisher Editors

British Empire, discovery of penicillin, first-past-the-post, glass ceiling

The mile event was not scheduled until six o’clock, which left plenty of time for the weather to change, but Bannister was already leaning toward putting off the attempt altogether. Walking to nearby Paddington Station, he waded through the sidewalks full of people wearing raincoats and carrying umbrellas. The station was dark and noisy and left one choking for breath. With the sun absent from the sky, the soot veneer on the arched glass ceiling let in very little light. Whistles blew, and “all aboard” announcements were shouted down the platforms, while smoke coughed out from train engines. After finding his platform on the information board, Bannister hurried to his train, ready to settle in for the sixty-three-mile journey he had taken so many times before. While looking for an empty seat, he unexpectedly spotted Franz Stampfl sitting in one of the compartments.


pages: 385 words: 128,358

Inside the House of Money: Top Hedge Fund Traders on Profiting in a Global Market by Steven Drobny

Albert Einstein, asset allocation, Berlin Wall, Bonfire of the Vanities, Bretton Woods, business cycle, buy and hold, buy low sell high, capital controls, central bank independence, commoditize, commodity trading advisor, corporate governance, correlation coefficient, Credit Default Swap, diversification, diversified portfolio, family office, fixed income, glass ceiling, high batting average, implied volatility, index fund, inflation targeting, interest rate derivative, inventory management, John Meriwether, Long Term Capital Management, margin call, market bubble, Maui Hawaii, Mexican peso crisis / tequila crisis, moral hazard, Myron Scholes, new economy, Nick Leeson, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, out of africa, paper trading, Paul Samuelson, Peter Thiel, price anchoring, purchasing power parity, reserve currency, risk tolerance, risk-adjusted returns, risk/return, rolodex, Sharpe ratio, short selling, Silicon Valley, The Wisdom of Crowds, too big to fail, transaction costs, value at risk, yield curve, zero-coupon bond, zero-sum game

I used to be worried about having a rogue trader on the team, but my view on that is if you ever lose sleep, then the guy shouldn’t be there. In 10 years, I never had a trader blow up on me. I’m actually very proud of that and I generally sleep very well. Do you think the amount of capital allocated to traders has an effect on their performance? Most definitely. I’ve seen it many times at GS.A trader has had a good run, they put pressure on themselves to take more risk, and they become totally overwhelmed. It’s as if they have a glass ceiling. I don’t know if it’s an internal problem or something else.You probably can’t rationalize it but I know you can’t push people to do more than they want to do. I’ve spent a lot of time working with some of these people, saying, “Up your risk”; they’ve tried and it was generally disastrous. I don’t know anyone who’s made a quantum leap in a short space of time. You made a quantum leap. Yes, but in both directions, pre-1993 up, then post-1994 down.


pages: 428 words: 134,832

Straphanger by Taras Grescoe

active transport: walking or cycling, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airport security, Albert Einstein, big-box store, bike sharing scheme, Boris Johnson, British Empire, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, City Beautiful movement, congestion charging, correlation does not imply causation, David Brooks, deindustrialization, East Village, edge city, Enrique Peñalosa, extreme commuting, financial deregulation, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, housing crisis, hydraulic fracturing, indoor plumbing, intermodal, invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, jitney, Joan Didion, Kickstarter, Kitchen Debate, laissez-faire capitalism, Marshall McLuhan, mass immigration, McMansion, megacity, mortgage tax deduction, Network effects, New Urbanism, obamacare, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, Own Your Own Home, peak oil, pension reform, Peter Calthorpe, Ponzi scheme, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, Skype, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, transit-oriented development, union organizing, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, working poor, young professional, Zipcar

When the City Hall station opened, a New York World reporter called it “a cool little vaulted city of cream and blue earthenware like a German beer stein,” which just about gets it right. In all New York, there is only one other place remotely like it: the time-warp temple of hygienic tile that is the Grand Central Oyster Bar. Both were designed by a Spanish architect known for bringing the technique of tiled vaulted ceilings common in Catalonia to America. During the Second World War, the station’s magnificent leaded glass ceiling was blacked out in anticipation of air raids; it closed permanently in 1945, because its platform was too sharply curved to handle longer trains. Waving his flashlight at waist height, Anyansi signaled the driver of the next train to pick us up. We rounded another curve, and, in a Viewmaster’s click, were back from the rabbit hole to the workaday, no-nonsense domain of the MTA. New York’s early subway boasted other touches of elegance, most of them effaced during the twentieth century.


The America That Reagan Built by J. David Woodard

affirmative action, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Bonfire of the Vanities, business cycle, colonial rule, Columbine, corporate raider, cuban missile crisis, Deng Xiaoping, friendly fire, glass ceiling, global village, Gordon Gekko, gun show loophole, income inequality, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, laissez-faire capitalism, late capitalism, Live Aid, Marc Andreessen, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, Neil Kinnock, Nelson Mandela, new economy, postindustrial economy, Ralph Nader, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Rubik’s Cube, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, stem cell, Ted Kaczynski, The Predators' Ball, trickle-down economics, women in the workforce, Y2K, young professional

As America grew into the 1990s, the vanguard of the biggest, richest, and best-educated generation America had ever produced was in its forties. By gaining their political consciousness in the late 1960s and early 1970s, the baby boomers developed an iconoclastic frame of reference and were prone to be more self-indulgent and politically independent than their parents.1 The divorce rate peaked in 1981, and the new decade saw the advent of the term single mothers, where women liberated from being called housewives reached ‘‘glass ceilings’’ at work and faced surly teenagers at home. The country reveled in emerging social distinctions, as wine-drinking became fashionable and the president declared that he did not like broccoli. In the 1990s, the century was 142 THE AMERICA THAT REAGAN BUILT ending, and many Americans preferred to think about life as it would be, rather than what it had been. Presiding over all this was a sixty-eight-year-old president, who was a World War II hero and father figure.


pages: 515 words: 126,820

Blockchain Revolution: How the Technology Behind Bitcoin Is Changing Money, Business, and the World by Don Tapscott, Alex Tapscott

Airbnb, altcoin, asset-backed security, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, bitcoin, blockchain, Blythe Masters, Bretton Woods, business process, buy and hold, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, carbon footprint, clean water, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, commoditize, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, creative destruction, Credit Default Swap, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, disintermediation, disruptive innovation, distributed ledger, Donald Trump, double entry bookkeeping, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, failed state, fiat currency, financial innovation, Firefox, first square of the chessboard, first square of the chessboard / second half of the chessboard, future of work, Galaxy Zoo, George Gilder, glass ceiling, Google bus, Hernando de Soto, income inequality, informal economy, information asymmetry, intangible asset, interest rate swap, Internet of things, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, Kodak vs Instagram, Lean Startup, litecoin, Lyft, M-Pesa, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, means of production, microcredit, mobile money, money market fund, Network effects, new economy, Oculus Rift, off grid, pattern recognition, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer lending, peer-to-peer model, performance metric, Peter Thiel, planetary scale, Ponzi scheme, prediction markets, price mechanism, Productivity paradox, QR code, quantitative easing, ransomware, Ray Kurzweil, renewable energy credits, rent-seeking, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, Satoshi Nakamoto, Second Machine Age, seigniorage, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart contracts, smart grid, social graph, social intelligence, social software, standardized shipping container, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, supply-chain management, TaskRabbit, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, The Nature of the Firm, The Wisdom of Crowds, transaction costs, Turing complete, Turing test, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, unbanked and underbanked, underbanked, unorthodox policies, wealth creators, X Prize, Y2K, Zipcar

The foundation for prosperity is inclusion, and blockchains can help. Let’s be clear that inclusion has multiple dimensions. It means an end to social, economic, and racial hegemony, an end to discrimination based on health, gender, sexual identification, or sexual preference. It means ending barriers to access because of where a person lives, whether a person spent a night in jail, or how a person voted, but also an end to glass ceilings, and good ol’ boys’ clubs of countless varieties. DESIGNING THE FUTURE Our conversation with Ann Cavoukian inspired us to follow up on Germany’s “Never again” promise. We came across the words of German federal president Joachim Gauck on the Day of Remembrance of the Victims of National Socialism, victims of Hitler’s regime. “Our moral obligations cannot be fulfilled solely at the level of remembrance.


pages: 489 words: 132,734

A History of Future Cities by Daniel Brook

Berlin Wall, British Empire, business process, business process outsourcing, call centre, carbon footprint, Celtic Tiger, collateralized debt obligation, collective bargaining, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, Deng Xiaoping, desegregation, Edward Glaeser, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial innovation, glass ceiling, indoor plumbing, joint-stock company, land reform, Mikhail Gorbachev, New Urbanism, open economy, Parag Khanna, Pearl River Delta, Potemkin village, profit motive, rent control, sovereign wealth fund, special economic zone, starchitect, trade route, urban planning, urban renewal, working poor

While the city’s literate population read the daily newspaper just like in other European cities, the paper of record, the Northern Bee, was so strictly censored that it rarely offered anything substantive at all. As its editor, a careerist who kowtowed to the censors told his staff, “Theater, exhibitions, shopping mall, flea market, inns, pastry shops—that’s your field and don’t take a single step beyond it.” The eager meritocrats who flocked to the city soon grew frustrated as they bumped up against its aristocratic glass ceilings. Some sought refuge in politics—a dangerous choice—while others turned to the arts. From the city’s stunted reality grew a limitless dreamworld. Among the ambitious provincials drawn to the imperial capital was Nikolai Gogol, from Ukraine. In his 1835 story “Nevsky Prospect,” the bachelor narrator initially extols the wonders of St. Petersburg’s grand promenade. Strolling along Nevsky, he spies a beautiful woman and surreptitiously pursues her as she drifts off into the less prestigious sections of the city.


pages: 486 words: 138,878

Do You Dream of Terra-Two? by Temi Oh

clean water, glass ceiling, Kickstarter, lateral thinking, low earth orbit, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, urban sprawl

Both the Beta’s cabins were empty. Poppy’s radio crackled under her bed, spitting out a few bars of music, the limpid rise of a melody audible for just a moment before being consumed by static. She was not in her bed and neither was Astrid. Juno headed to the greenhouse, and when she opened the hatch the sound of her footsteps echoed in the gloom. It was like a darkened cathedral. Through the vaulted glass ceiling she could see the spinning rings of the other decks and, beyond them, the stars cast a cold constant light. They were running out of air. Bright splinters of pain had begun to burst behind her temples. When mountain climbers ventured too high into the upper atmosphere, and altitude sickness set in, it felt like a hangover, then like carbon-monoxide poisoning. If they continued to climb, the partial pressure of oxygen in their lungs would decrease.


Off the Books by Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh

business climate, glass ceiling, hiring and firing, informal economy, Jane Jacobs, labor-force participation, low-wage service sector, new economy, refrigerator car, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, urban renewal, working poor, Y2K

The majority live and work in Maquis Park or in an adjoining neighborhood, and their stores have generally been located within a two- or three-mile radius of Maquis Park, in other equally impoverished black neighborhoods. These store owners have tended to remain modest retailers, offering a fairly circumscribed range of goods and services, be it clothing, take-out food, liquor, hairstyling, real estate brokerage, social services, or car maintenance. The majority are, not surprisingly, men. The "glass ceiling" that has prevented women from entering the halls of corporate America and that has limited their mobility within that arena can also be found in the small business world. Although on West Street there are a few women who own and manage retail stores—such as Ola's Hair Salon— they are few in number. Roughly 60 percent began their careers by pooling resources from friends and relatives, not by soliciting loans from banks or savings and loan institutions.


pages: 487 words: 147,891

McMafia: A Journey Through the Global Criminal Underworld by Misha Glenny

anti-communist, Anton Chekhov, Berlin Wall, blood diamonds, BRICs, colonial rule, crony capitalism, Deng Xiaoping, Doha Development Round, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial deregulation, Firefox, forensic accounting, friendly fire, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, joint-stock company, market bubble, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, Nick Leeson, offshore financial centre, Pearl River Delta, place-making, rising living standards, Ronald Reagan, Skype, special economic zone, Stephen Hawking, trade liberalization, trade route, Transnistria, unemployed young men, upwardly mobile

By contrast, many liberal commentators simply overlook the issue of Jewish involvement in Russia and Ukraine’s chaotic transition, presumably to dodge accusations of anti-Semitism. In fact, by avoiding any mention of the elephant in the living room, they facilitate its portrayal by anti-Semites as a jackal. Although the Soviet Union was renowned for its antipathy toward most national identities that threatened its idealized image of homus sovieticus, it did construct one specific barrier for Jews—the glass ceiling. In virtually all the central party and state offices, in almost all industrial branches, and in most places of learning, Jews were systematically prevented from reaching the top. There were exceptions to this rule—Kaganovich (one of Stalin’s unloved Politburo colleagues) and, in the 1980s, Evgeni Primakov emerged as an extremely influential political figure, having prophylactically discarded his birth name, Yonah Finkelshtein.


pages: 344 words: 161,076

The Rough Guide to Barcelona 8 by Jules Brown, Rough Guides

active transport: walking or cycling, bike sharing scheme, centre right, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute couture, Kickstarter, sustainable-tourism, trade route, urban planning, urban renewal

Here, in the lower reaches of the Raval, some of the most influential names in Catalan architecture and design came together at the beginning of the twentieth century to transform the dowdy Hotel España (c/de Sant Pau 9–11, Wwww.hotelespanya.com) – originally built in 1860 – into one of the city’s most lavish addresses. With a tiled dining room designed by Lluĺs Domènech i Montaner, a bar with an amazing marble fireplace by Eusebi Arnau, and a ballroom with a glass ceiling whose marine murals were executed by Ramon Casas, the hotel was the fashionable sensation of its day. It’s been well looked after ever since, and you can soak up the atmosphere and the decor for the price of lunch (there’s a reasonably priced menú del dia) or even stay the night – though it has to be said that the rooms are nowhere near as impressive as the public areas. Església de Sant Pau del Camp Carrer de Sant Pau cuts west through the Raval to the church of Sant Pau del Camp (Mon 5–8pm, Tues–Fri 10am–1.30pm & 5–8pm, Sat 10am–1.30pm; admission to cloister €2; oParal.lel), its name – St Paul of the Field – a graphic reminder that it once stood in open fields beyond the city walls.


pages: 613 words: 151,140

No Such Thing as Society by Andy McSmith

anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Bob Geldof, Boris Johnson, British Empire, Brixton riot, call centre, cuban missile crisis, Etonian, F. W. de Klerk, Farzad Bazoft, feminist movement, fixed income, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, full employment, glass ceiling, God and Mammon, greed is good, illegal immigration, index card, John Bercow, Kickstarter, liberal capitalism, light touch regulation, Live Aid, loadsamoney, long peace, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, mortgage debt, mutually assured destruction, negative equity, Neil Kinnock, Nelson Mandela, North Sea oil, Northern Rock, old-boy network, popular capitalism, Right to Buy, Ronald Reagan, Rubik’s Cube, Sloane Ranger, South Sea Bubble, spread of share-ownership, strikebreaker, The Chicago School, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban decay, Winter of Discontent, young professional

In 1975, twelve out of fourteen managers of First Division clubs responded to a survey by saying they would never sign up a black player; by 1990, there were 175 blacks among the top 2,000 professional footballers.50 However, they routinely endured racist abuse from the supporters of opposing clubs, symbolized by a famous photograph of John Barnes in full Liverpool kit back-heeling a banana that had been thrown at him by an Everton fan. Yet, for all these problems, the glass ceilings were beginning to crack. There were signs that positions previously occupied only by whites were starting to come within reach. The first Asian judge, Mota Singh, was appointed in 1982. In 1988, John Roberts, from Sierra Leone, became Britain’s first Afro-Caribbean QC. He had been a part-time Crown Court judge since 1983. In 1989, Gurbux Singh, from Wolverhampton, became chief executive of Haringey Council.


San Francisco by Lonely Planet

airport security, Albert Einstein, Apple II, back-to-the-land, banking crisis, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Burning Man, California gold rush, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, David Brooks, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, G4S, game design, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, Joan Didion, Loma Prieta earthquake, Mason jar, New Urbanism, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, transcontinental railway, urban sprawl, Whole Earth Catalog, Zipcar

Palace Hotel Hotel $$$ Offline map Google map ( 415-512-1111, 800-325-3535; www.sfpalace.com; 2 New Montgomery St; r $199-329; ; & Montgomery St) The 1906 landmark Palace stands as a monument to turn-of-the-20th-century grandeur, aglow with century-old Austrian crystal chandeliers. The cushy (if staid) accommodations cater to expense-account travelers, but prices drop weekends. Even if you’re not staying here, see the opulent Garden Court , where you can sip tea beneath a translucent glass ceiling in one of Northern California’s most beautiful rooms. There’s also an on-site spa; kids love the big indoor pool. Hotel Palomar Design Hotel $$$ Offline map Google map ( 415-348-1111, 866-373-4941; www.hotelpalomar-sf.com; 12 4th St; r $199-299; ; & Powell St) The sexy Palomar is decked out with crocodile-print carpets, stripy persimmon-red chairs, chocolate-brown wood and cheetah-print robes in the closet.


pages: 489 words: 148,885

Accelerando by Stross, Charles

business cycle, call centre, carbon-based life, cellular automata, cognitive dissonance, commoditize, Conway's Game of Life, dark matter, dumpster diving, Extropian, finite state, Flynn Effect, glass ceiling, gravity well, John von Neumann, Kickstarter, knapsack problem, Kuiper Belt, Magellanic Cloud, mandelbrot fractal, market bubble, means of production, MITM: man-in-the-middle, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, packet switching, performance metric, phenotype, planetary scale, Pluto: dwarf planet, reversible computing, Richard Stallman, SETI@home, Silicon Valley, Singularitarianism, slashdot, South China Sea, stem cell, technological singularity, telepresence, The Chicago School, theory of mind, Turing complete, Turing machine, Turing test, upwardly mobile, Vernor Vinge, Von Neumann architecture, web of trust, Y2K, zero-sum game

The biosphere has become surreal: small dragons have been sighted nesting in the Scottish highlands, and in the American midwest, raccoons have been caught programming microwave ovens. The computing power of the solar system is now around one thousand MIPS per gram, and is unlikely to increase in the near term – all but a fraction of one percent of the dumb matter is still locked up below the accessible planetary crusts, and the sapience/mass ratio has hit a glass ceiling that will only be broken when people, corporations, or other posthumans get around to dismantling the larger planets. A start has already been made in Jupiter orbit and the asteroid belt. Greenpeace has sent squatters to occupy Eros and Juno, but the average asteroid is now surrounded by a reef of specialized nanomachinery and debris, victims of a cosmic land grab unmatched since the days of the wild west.


pages: 650 words: 155,108

A Man and His Ship: America's Greatest Naval Architect and His Quest to Build the S.S. United States by Steven Ujifusa

8-hour work day, big-box store, British Empire, Charles Lindbergh, computer age, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, interchangeable parts, Malcom McLean invented shipping containers, Mercator projection, Ronald Reagan, the built environment, trade route

And so after tweaking the drawings, Taylor said he was willing to build a 1/24th scale model of the Gibbs vessel for testing in the U.S. Navy Experimental Model Basin at the Washington Navy Yard, with the admiral’s engineering staff providing full technical support for the engineering of the liner’s hull. Built in 1898 under Taylor’s direct supervision, the towing tank was 470 feet long and topped by a truss-and-glass ceiling. A motorized beam, set on parallel tracks, pulled a miniature hull through waves created at the far end of the tank. Engineers on catwalks would then evaluate the model’s performance in a variety of simulated sea conditions. Taylor also set up a key meeting with Secretary of the Navy Daniels, who had rebuffed many of Emmet’s earlier entreaties.18 Admiral Taylor, a man of full face and warm eyes, soon became William Francis Gibbs’s informal mentor and surrogate father, providing him the support and guidance that his own father never did.


pages: 868 words: 147,152

How Asia Works by Joe Studwell

affirmative action, anti-communist, Asian financial crisis, bank run, banking crisis, barriers to entry, borderless world, Bretton Woods, British Empire, call centre, capital controls, central bank independence, collective bargaining, crony capitalism, cross-subsidies, currency manipulation / currency intervention, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, deindustrialization, demographic dividend, Deng Xiaoping, failed state, financial deregulation, financial repression, Gini coefficient, glass ceiling, income inequality, income per capita, industrial robot, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Arrow, land reform, land tenure, large denomination, liberal capitalism, market fragmentation, non-tariff barriers, offshore financial centre, oil shock, open economy, passive investing, purchasing power parity, rent control, rent-seeking, Right to Buy, Ronald Coase, South China Sea, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, urban sprawl, Washington Consensus, working-age population

Then, in 1957, the family acquired Hacienda Luisita with a government loan on the specific condition that the farmland would be resold ‘at reasonable terms and conditions’ to the tenants.64 The Cojuangcos were supposed to retain only the large sugar mill on the estate. But the undertaking to sell off the land was never honoured and the Cojuangcos were never held to account. That such people can become presidents – Cory’s son Noynoy is the current president, as this book goes to press – places a glass ceiling above the possibilities for Filipino development. Official success The Philippine government claims that the implementation of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law has met most of its national targets. According to official data, by the end of 2006, 6.8 million hectares of a targeted 8.2 million hectares of farmland were subjected to land reform to the benefit of 4.1 million rural households.65 This sounds like north-east Asia.


pages: 517 words: 155,209

Kingdom of Olives and Ash: Writers Confront the Occupation by Michael Chabon

airport security, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, Boycotts of Israel, call centre, clean water, Donald Trump, facts on the ground, Fellow of the Royal Society, glass ceiling, land tenure, mental accounting, Nelson Mandela, off grid, Right to Buy, Skype, traveling salesman, WikiLeaks

“I got into hip-hop in the mid-nineties,” she says. “I was an Arab Palestinian, born in the West, searching for a language that demarginalized or uncategorized me. Hip-hop gave me a head start to speak up for myself and in my own voice. It was the realness and audacity that made it easy for me to relate to and a great way to fight cultural exile that was often unnoticed, unobserved, and unchallenged.” She has broken many glass ceilings—the Arab one, the Palestinian one, and of course the female one. “I think that Arabic hip-hop has come a long way in terms of solidifying its place as a legitimate genre in music. When I came on the scene, Palestinian hip-hop was fairly new, you could say it was an introduction to this new addition to Arabic hip-hop (after Moroccan and Algerian hip-hop). I’m of the generation that put Arabic hip-hop on the map.


pages: 537 words: 149,628

Ghost Fleet: A Novel of the Next World War by P. W. Singer, August Cole

3D printing, Admiral Zheng, augmented reality, British Empire, digital map, energy security, Firefox, glass ceiling, global reserve currency, Google Earth, Google Glasses, IFF: identification friend or foe, Just-in-time delivery, low earth orbit, Maui Hawaii, MITM: man-in-the-middle, new economy, old-boy network, RAND corporation, reserve currency, RFID, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, South China Sea, sovereign wealth fund, stealth mode startup, trade route, Wall-E, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, WikiLeaks, zero day, zero-sum game

The casters on Taj’s chair began to creak and he twisted slightly back and forth as he manipulated the control rings on his fingers. What he saw on his goggles was only for him, but the jerky gestures attested to a problem. On the holographic screen, the black forms ran in and out of the atrium, dropping off books in what was now a burning pyre in the middle of the room. “Fudge!” shouted Taj, still the innocent little boy at heart. “Gosh-darn mother-fudging network!” The library’s glass ceiling crashed in and water began to come through, the simulated network’s automated defenses now reacting. First came a heavy rain, which the wraiths tried to shoot fire back at, the visualization of their counterprograms, but then came a vast, unending deluge, as if a river had been diverted and was pouring into the atrium. Taj’s chair toppled over and he tried to catch himself but landed hard on his tailbone.


The Rough Guide to Brussels 4 (Rough Guide Travel Guides) by Dunford, Martin.; Lee, Phil; Summer, Suzy.; Dal Molin, Loik

Berlin Wall, bike sharing scheme, British Empire, car-free, Fall of the Berlin Wall, glass ceiling, low cost airline, Peace of Westphalia, sustainable-tourism, trade route, urban planning

On the menu are great steaks, oysters, carbonades, waterzooi, eels in green sauce – but leave room for dessert. Tues–Sun noon– 11pm. Prémétro Bourse. Belga Queen rue Fossé aux Loups 32 T02 217 21 87. There’s no grander setting for a restaurant in the whole of Brussels: the deluxe Belga Queen occupies the former headquarters of the Crédit du Nord bank, a nineteenth-century building with a high and mighty, curved and vaulted stained-glass ceiling, and an army of Greek columns, stucco griffins and coats of arms. The revamp has added a clutch of modern sculptures and sleek modern furnishings, and the waiters are stylish in slick tabards, Belga Queen minute’s walk to get off the depressingly touristy rue des Bouchers. Daily noon– 2.45pm, 6.30–11.30pm. Closed beginning Jan and first two weeks Aug. Métro De Brouckère. South of the Grand-Place | Restaurants Bleu de Toi rue des Alexiens 73 T02 502 43 71.


Eastern USA by Lonely Planet

1960s counterculture, active transport: walking or cycling, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, bike sharing scheme, Bretton Woods, British Empire, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Charles Lindbergh, collective bargaining, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, Donald Trump, East Village, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute cuisine, Hernando de Soto, illegal immigration, immigration reform, information trail, interchangeable parts, jitney, Kickstarter, license plate recognition, Mason jar, mass immigration, McMansion, megacity, Menlo Park, new economy, New Urbanism, obamacare, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Skype, the built environment, the High Line, the payments system, transcontinental railway, union organizing, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, Works Progress Administration, young professional

Structurally, it consists of an iron skeleton (designed by Gustave Eiffel) with a copper skin attached to it by stiff but flexible metal bars. The crown is again open to the public – numbers are limited, however, so reservations are required, as far in advance as possible. For those without crown reservations, a visit to Statue of Liberty National Monument means you can wander the grounds and enjoy the view from the 16-story observation deck; a specially designed glass ceiling lets you look up into the statue’s striking interior. The trip to its island, via ferry, is usually visited in conjunction with nearby Ellis Island. Ferries ( 201-604-2800, 877-523-9849; www.statuecruises.com; adult/child $13/5; every 30min 9am-5pm, extended summer hr) leave from Battery Park. South Ferry and Bowling Green are the closest subway stations. Ferry tickets (additional $3 for crown admission) include admission to both sights and reservations can be made in advance.

Music Valley has a glut of family-friendly midprice chains. DOWNTOWN Union Station Hotel HOTEL $$$ ( 615-726-1001; www.unionstationhotelnashville.com; 1001 Broadway; r from $209; ) This soaring Romanesque stone castle was Nashville’s train station back in the days when travel was a grand affair; today’s it’s downtown’s most iconic hotel. The vaulted lobby is dressed in peach and gold with inlaid marble floors and a stained-glass ceiling . Rooms are tastefully modern, with flat-screen TVs and deep soaking tubs. Parking costs $20. Hermitage Hotel HOTEL $$$ ( 615-244-3121, 888-888-9414; www.thehermitagehotel.com; 231 6th Ave N; r from $259; ) Nashville’s first million-dollar hotel was a hit with the socialites when it opened in 1910. The lobby feels like a Czar’s palace, every surface covered in rich tapestries and ornate carvings.


Frommer's San Diego 2011 by Mark Hiss

airport security, California gold rush, car-free, Charles Lindbergh, desegregation, Donald Trump, East Village, El Camino Real, glass ceiling, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, Skype, South of Market, San Francisco, sustainable-tourism, transcontinental railway, urban renewal, white picket fence, Works Progress Administration

Le Travel Store is now located here. 8 Continue north; at 801 Fourth Ave. is the: 28 Ingle Building It dates from 1906 and now houses the Hard Rock Cafe. The mural on the F Street side of the building depicts a group of deceased rock stars (Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix, John Lennon, Jim Morrison, and Elvis) lounging at sidewalk tables. Original stained-glass windows from the old Golden Lion Tavern (1907–32) front Fourth Avenue. Inside, the colorful stained-glass ceiling was taken from an Elks Club in Stockton, California, and much of the floor is original. CITY STROLLS The Embarcadero Labor Temple Building Winding Down Walk to bohemian Café Lulu, 419 F St. (& 619/238-0114), near Fourth Avenue, for coffee and sweets; or head back into Horton Plaza, where you can choose from many kinds of cuisine, from Chinese to Indian, along with good old American fast food.


pages: 526 words: 158,913

Crash of the Titans: Greed, Hubris, the Fall of Merrill Lynch, and the Near-Collapse of Bank of America by Greg Farrell

Airbus A320, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, bank run, banking crisis, bonus culture, call centre, Captain Sullenberger Hudson, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collateralized debt obligation, corporate governance, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, financial innovation, fixed income, glass ceiling, high net worth, Long Term Capital Management, mass affluent, Mexican peso crisis / tequila crisis, Nelson Mandela, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ronald Reagan, six sigma, sovereign wealth fund, technology bubble, too big to fail, US Airways Flight 1549, yield curve

As always, when the Merrill Lynch chief executive was hatching a plan of any magnitude—from the firing of top executives to the outright sale of Merrill Lynch, which was the reason for his meeting this day—he relied on the counsel and advice of the only person he absolutely, unconditionally trusted: himself. Throughout his career, that trust had been well-placed. The story of O’Neal’s rise to the pinnacle of Wall Street was by now legendary. The fifty-seven-year-old African-American, born in Roanoke, Alabama, and raised in the dirt-poor town of Wedowee, Alabama, the grandson of a man born into slavery in the 1860s, had shattered every glass ceiling and stormed through, over, or around every obstacle placed in his way to become chief executive of Merrill Lynch at the end of 2002. Over the next five years, he transformed the business. The backbone of Merrill Lynch had always been its nationwide network of financial advisors—the 16,000 men and women spread across the U.S. who managed not only the investments of the wealthiest people in Philadelphia, Chicago, San Francisco, Los Angeles, and other large cities, but the slender portfolios of the hardworking citizens in second-tier towns like Cincinnati, Wichita, Lansing, Spokane.


Fodor's Venice and Northern Italy by Fodor's

car-free, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, Murano, Venice glass, trade route, urban planning, young professional

Restaurants Hotels ¢ under €20 under €75 $ €20–€30 €75–€125 $$ €30–€45 €125–€200 $$$ €45–€65 €200–€300 $$$$ over €65 over €300 Getting Here and Around Getting Around by Train Milan’s massive Central Station (Milano Centrale), 3 km (2 mi) northwest of the Duomo, is one of Italy’s major passenger-train hubs, with frequent direct service within the region to Como, Bergamo, Brescia, Sirmione, Pavia, Cremona, and Mantua. Soaring domed glass ceilings and plenty of signage have significantly improved the renovated station’s navigability, but its sheer size requires considerable walking and patience, so allow for some extra time here. For general information on trains and schedules, as well as online ticket purchase, visit the Web site of the Italian national railway, FS (www.trenitalia.com). Tickets bought without a reservation need to be validated by stamping them in yellow machines on the train platforms.


pages: 638 words: 156,653

Berlin by Andrea Schulte-Peevers

Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Google Earth, indoor plumbing, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Kickstarter, low cost airline, low cost carrier, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Skype, starchitect, trade route, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal

Strandgut Berlin (Map; 7008 5566; www.strandgut-berlin.com, in German; Mühlenstrasse 61-63, Fried-richshain; from 10am; Ostbahnhof) The most chic of the East Side Gallery sandpits, where the beer is cold, the cocktails strong, the crowd grown-up and the DJs tops (André Galluzzi celebrated his birthday party here in 2008). * * * WÜRGEENGEL Map Bar 615 5560; www.wuergeengel.de, in German; Dresdener Strasse 122; from 7pm; Kottbusser Tor For a swanky night out, point the compass to this dimly lit cocktail cave. The interior is pure ’50s with a striking glass ceiling, chandeliers and shiny black tables. The name pays homage to the surreal 1962 Luis Buñuel movie, Exterminating Angel. A stop here is nicely combined with dinner at the adjacent Gorgonzola Club or a movie at the Babylon. GOLGATHA Map Beer Garden 785 2453; www.golgatha-berlin.de, in German; Dudenstrasse 48-64; 10am-6am Apr-Sep; Yorckstrasse A pilgrimage to this beer garden in the Viktoriapark is a beloved summer ritual.


pages: 561 words: 157,589

WTF?: What's the Future and Why It's Up to Us by Tim O'Reilly

4chan, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, Alvin Roth, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Amazon Web Services, artificial general intelligence, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, basic income, Bernie Madoff, Bernie Sanders, Bill Joy: nanobots, bitcoin, blockchain, Bretton Woods, Brewster Kahle, British Empire, business process, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Captain Sullenberger Hudson, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, Clayton Christensen, clean water, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, collateralized debt obligation, commoditize, computer vision, corporate governance, corporate raider, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, Danny Hillis, data acquisition, deskilling, DevOps, Donald Davies, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Erik Brynjolfsson, Filter Bubble, Firefox, Flash crash, full employment, future of work, George Akerlof, gig economy, glass ceiling, Google Glasses, Gordon Gekko, gravity well, greed is good, Guido van Rossum, High speed trading, hiring and firing, Home mortgage interest deduction, Hyperloop, income inequality, index fund, informal economy, information asymmetry, Internet Archive, Internet of things, invention of movable type, invisible hand, iterative process, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, jitney, job automation, job satisfaction, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, Kevin Kelly, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, Kodak vs Instagram, Lao Tzu, Larry Wall, Lean Startup, Leonard Kleinrock, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, market fundamentalism, Marshall McLuhan, McMansion, microbiome, microservices, minimum viable product, mortgage tax deduction, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Network effects, new economy, Nicholas Carr, obamacare, Oculus Rift, packet switching, PageRank, pattern recognition, Paul Buchheit, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer model, Ponzi scheme, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, randomized controlled trial, RFC: Request For Comment, Richard Feynman, Richard Stallman, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Gordon, Robert Metcalfe, Ronald Coase, Sam Altman, school choice, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, self-driving car, SETI@home, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, skunkworks, Skype, smart contracts, Snapchat, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, social web, software as a service, software patent, spectrum auction, speech recognition, Stephen Hawking, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, strong AI, TaskRabbit, telepresence, the built environment, The Future of Employment, the map is not the territory, The Nature of the Firm, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Davenport, transaction costs, transcontinental railway, transportation-network company, Travis Kalanick, trickle-down economics, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, ubercab, universal basic income, US Airways Flight 1549, VA Linux, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, We are the 99%, web application, Whole Earth Catalog, winner-take-all economy, women in the workforce, Y Combinator, yellow journalism, zero-sum game, Zipcar

We are living in different worlds. Or perhaps we are just living in a new “post-truth” world, where appeals to emotion carry more weight than facts. The democratization not just of media distribution but also of its creation played a major role. Colin Megill, founder of pol.is, a service focused on creating better public dialogue, told me that his mother, a doctor who worked her whole life to break the glass ceiling, was beset by doubt about Hillary Clinton and had been especially influenced by a video claiming that her aide Huma Abedin had been a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, a video that had autoplayed after she watched YouTube replays of late-night television. “I reflected on my conversation with my mom a lot after that happened and came up with one possible explanation,” Colin said. “For her whole life, something would be out of the news immediately if it was totally false.


pages: 585 words: 165,304

Trust: The Social Virtue and the Creation of Prosperity by Francis Fukuyama

barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, blue-collar work, business climate, business cycle, capital controls, collective bargaining, corporate governance, corporate raider, creative destruction, deindustrialization, Deng Xiaoping, deskilling, double entry bookkeeping, equal pay for equal work, European colonialism, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Frederick Winslow Taylor, full employment, George Gilder, glass ceiling, global village, Gunnar Myrdal, hiring and firing, industrial robot, Jane Jacobs, job satisfaction, joint-stock company, joint-stock limited liability company, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Arrow, land reform, liberal capitalism, liberation theology, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, mittelstand, price mechanism, profit maximization, RAND corporation, rent-seeking, Ronald Coase, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Nature of the Firm, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transaction costs, transfer pricing, traveling salesman, union organizing

Japanese-style company-sponsored events, in which an entire office—supervisors together with those supervised—will leave Tokyo or Nagoya on a retreat to a resort in the countryside for several days, are as foreign in a Chinese cultural setting as they are in the West. In Hong Kong or Taipei, the retreats and common vacations would be reserved for family members only, or perhaps occasionally for larger kinship groups.36 Nonfamily managers in Chinese companies are not given large equity stakes in their businesses and often complain of a lack of openness when dealing with the boss. Furthermore, they usually hit a glass ceiling in promotion, since a family member will always be preferred for important positions. In other words, the problem of nepotism, which Weber and others saw as a severe constraint on modernization, has not disappeared from Chinese economic life despite the remarkable recent economic growth of Chinese societies. It has been more tenacious in part because the family is more central to Chinese than to other sorts of cultures, and also because the Chinese have found ways of working around it.


Sweden by Becky Ohlsen

accounting loophole / creative accounting, car-free, centre right, clean water, financial independence, glass ceiling, haute couture, Kickstarter, low cost airline, low cost carrier, mass immigration, New Urbanism, period drama, place-making, post-work, starchitect, the built environment, white picket fence

Hotel Flora (13 86 16; www.hotelflora.se; Grönsakstorget 2; s/d Skr1195/1495; ) An extreme makeover has turned Flora from frumpy to fabulous, its uberslick rooms now flaunting black-and-white interiors, designer chairs, flatscreen TVs and sparkling bathrooms. The top-floor rooms have air-con, several rooms offer river views and the chic split-level courtyard is perfect for sophisticated chilling. Hotel Royal (700 11 70; www.hotelroyal.nu; Drottninggatan 67; s/d from Skr1295/1495; ) Göte-borg’s oldest hotel (1852) has aged enviably. The grand entrance has been retained, complete with painted glass ceiling and sweeping staircase, and the elegant, airy rooms make necessary 21st-century concessions like flatscreen TVs and renovated bathrooms. There’s also homemade cake for guests. Check the website for special offers. Hotel Eggers (333 44 40; www.hoteleggers.se; Drottningtorget; s/d from Skr1495/1835; ) Elegant Eggers would make a great set for a period drama. Founded as a railway hotel in 1859, its rooms are a Regency-style treat.


Frommer's San Francisco 2012 by Matthew Poole, Erika Lenkert, Kristin Luna

airport security, Albert Einstein, Bay Area Rapid Transit, California gold rush, car-free, centre right, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, El Camino Real, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, Loma Prieta earthquake, Mason jar, Maui Hawaii, place-making, Port of Oakland, post-work, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, Torches of Freedom, transcontinental railway, urban renewal, Works Progress Administration, young professional

So if you’re going to rent a car or bring your own, you might want to consider staying at one of these hotels that offers free parking: • Beck’s Motor Lodge, the Castro • Cow Hollow Motor Inn & Suites, Marina District/Cow Hollow • Hostelling International San Francisco, Fisherman’s Wharf • Hotel Del Sol, Marina District/Cow Hollow • Laurel Inn, Marina District/Cow Hollow • Marina Motel, Marina District/Cow Hollow • Phoenix Hotel, Civic Center • Seal Rock Inn, Richmond District • The Wharf Inn, North Beach/Fisherman’s Wharf The Palace Hotel ★ The original 1875 Palace was one of the world’s largest and most luxurious hotels, and every time you walk through the doors here, you’ll be reminded how incredibly majestic old luxury really is. Rebuilt after the 1906 quake, its most spectacular attributes remain the regal lobby and the Garden Court, a San Francisco landmark restaurant that was restored to its original 1909 grandeur. A double row of massive Italian-marble Ionic columns flank the court, and 10 huge chandeliers dangle above. The real heart-stopper, however, is the 80,000-pane stained-glass ceiling. (Good special effects made Michael Douglas look like he fell through it in the movie The Game.) Regrettably, the rooms aren’t quite as grand. But they’re vastly improved and emulate yesteryear’s refinement with mahogany beds, warm gold paint and upholstery, and tasteful artwork. The Garden Court is famous for its high tea, and an elaborate brunch on special holidays (scaled-down on regular weekends). 2 New Montgomery St.


Lonely Planet Colombia (Travel Guide) by Lonely Planet, Alex Egerton, Tom Masters, Kevin Raub

airport security, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, colonial rule, Columbian Exchange, Downton Abbey, El Camino Real, Francisco Pizarro, friendly fire, glass ceiling, haute couture, land reform, low cost airline, low cost carrier, race to the bottom, sustainable-tourism, urban sprawl

Hotel Casa RealHOTEL ( GOOGLE MAP ; %734-0606; Carrera 18 No 18-36; s/d COP$25,000/31,000; W) Located above some shops in a busy commercial street, this friendly hotel is nothing fancy, but it offers amenities not usually found at this price, including hot water, cable TV and wi-fi. The rooms at the back are quieter, while those at the front have more natural light. Armenia HotelHOTEL ( GOOGLE MAP ; %746-0099; www.armeniahotelsa.com; Av Bolívar No 8N-67; s/d/tr COP$199,000/254,000/310,000; aiW) The best hotel in town, the Armenia has nine floors built around a vaulted interior atrium with a glass ceiling. The rooms are spacious, decked out with stylish guadua (bamboo) furniture, and many offer great views of the Cordillera Central or the city. There is a heated outdoor pool and a full-service restaurant downstairs. 5Eating There are plenty of cheap eats in the center during the day and also around the Universidad de Quindío, where numerous bars and small eateries pursue the student market.


pages: 611 words: 188,732

Valley of Genius: The Uncensored History of Silicon Valley (As Told by the Hackers, Founders, and Freaks Who Made It Boom) by Adam Fisher

Airbnb, Albert Einstein, AltaVista, Apple II, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, Bob Noyce, Brownian motion, Buckminster Fuller, Burning Man, Byte Shop, cognitive dissonance, disintermediation, don't be evil, Donald Trump, Douglas Engelbart, Dynabook, Elon Musk, frictionless, glass ceiling, Hacker Ethic, Howard Rheingold, HyperCard, hypertext link, index card, informal economy, information retrieval, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, Jeff Rulifson, John Markoff, Jony Ive, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, life extension, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, Maui Hawaii, Menlo Park, Metcalfe’s law, Mother of all demos, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Network effects, new economy, nuclear winter, PageRank, Paul Buchheit, paypal mafia, peer-to-peer, Peter Thiel, pets.com, pez dispenser, popular electronics, random walk, risk tolerance, Robert Metcalfe, rolodex, self-driving car, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, skunkworks, Skype, social graph, social web, South of Market, San Francisco, Startup school, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, telerobotics, The Hackers Conference, the new new thing, Tim Cook: Apple, tulip mania, V2 rocket, Whole Earth Catalog, Whole Earth Review, Y Combinator

Ryan Bartholomew was the first person to buy an AdWord on Google. He bought the phrase “live lobsters.” Bartholomew didn’t manage to sell any lobsters, but he saw the potential of AdWords arbitrage. The strategic buying and selling of words (and their associated traffic)—was soon earning Bartholomew tens of thousands of dollars a day. Carol Bartz is foul-mouthed, Republican, and the first woman to blast through Silicon Valley’s glass ceiling. Though she retired in 2001, she is still revered as one of the Valley’s most accomplished leaders—of either sex—having served as CEO at both Autodesk and Yahoo. John Battelle was hired right out of Berkeley’s graduate school of journalism to be Wired’s first managing editor. Soon after, he founded his own, more business-focused magazine, the Industry Standard. After that, it was a book on Google, an online advertising network, and a popular conference series.


pages: 624 words: 189,582

The Black Banners: The Inside Story of 9/11 and the War Against Al-Qaeda by Ali H. Soufan, Daniel Freedman

airport security, Ayatollah Khomeini, call centre, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, Ronald Reagan

He understood that things had already gone too far, and that those pushing these techniques were not prepared to turn back. And he had the final say. [1 word redacted] stayed in Washington. That was the end of the FBI’s involvement in Abu Zubaydah’s interrogation. After [1 word redacted] left, Boris had to keep introducing harsher and harsher methods, because Abu Zubaydah and other terrorists were trained to resist them. In a democracy such as ours, there is a glass ceiling on harsh techniques that the interrogator cannot breach, so a detainee can eventually call the interrogator’s bluff. And that’s what Abu Zubaydah did. This is why the EIT proponents later had to order Abu Zubaydah to be waterboarded again, and again, and again—at least eighty-three times, reportedly. The techniques were in many ways a self-fulfilling prophecy, ensuring that harsher and harsher ones were introduced.


pages: 777 words: 186,993

Imagining India by Nandan Nilekani

addicted to oil, affirmative action, Airbus A320, BRICs, British Empire, business process, business process outsourcing, call centre, clean water, colonial rule, corporate governance, cuban missile crisis, deindustrialization, demographic dividend, demographic transition, Deng Xiaoping, digital map, distributed generation, farmers can use mobile phones to check market prices, full employment, ghettoisation, glass ceiling, global supply chain, Hernando de Soto, income inequality, informal economy, information asymmetry, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), joint-stock company, knowledge economy, land reform, light touch regulation, LNG terminal, load shedding, low cost airline, Mahatma Gandhi, market fragmentation, mass immigration, Mikhail Gorbachev, Network effects, new economy, New Urbanism, open economy, Parag Khanna, pension reform, Potemkin village, price mechanism, race to the bottom, rent control, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, school vouchers, Silicon Valley, smart grid, special economic zone, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, Thomas Malthus, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, unemployed young men, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, women in the workforce, working poor, working-age population

Across urban India, we see people flowing in, setting up their fragile homes on the city’s fringes and setting out in search of work. People are arriving with a willingness to work at anything, and to learn in any way they can. “These people are hungry for opportunity,” Jaideep Sahni tells me. “They will live in any circumstances, and move anywhere, for a chance at a job.” And yet, instead of creating opportunity, our regulations have placed a glass ceiling on both the economic potential of these workers and India’s overall rise. It has limited our mobility, growth and the individual hope of these workers—it prevents, in essence, the promises of the Horatio Alger story. INSTITUTIONS OF SAND Our Universities OUR UNIVERSITIES,” Deepak Nayyar, former vice chancellor of Delhi University (DU), says to me, “are no longer ivory towers. They were meant to remain above politics but are instead at the very center of it.”


Frommer's Mexico 2008 by David Baird, Juan Cristiano, Lynne Bairstow, Emily Hughey Quinn

airport security, AltaVista, Bartolomé de las Casas, centre right, colonial rule, East Village, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, indoor plumbing, low cost airline, low cost carrier, Maui Hawaii, out of africa, Pepto Bismol, place-making, Skype, sustainable-tourism, the market place, urban planning

Amenities: 3 restaurants; wine bar; heated indoor swimming pool; fully equipped fitness center; limited spa services; steam room; Jacuzzi; concierge; full-service business center; room service; laundry service; dry cleaning. In room: A/C, TV, Wi-Fi, minibar, coffeemaker, hair dryer, iron, safe. M O D E R AT E Best Western Hotel Majestic This classic hotel’s prime location, facing the zócalo, is reason enough to stay here. The Majestic is somewhat of a Mexico City institution that visitors should experience at least once. The comfortable lobby has a glass ceiling that is also the floor of a sitting area surrounded by rooms. Rooms that don’t look onto the zócalo overlook Avenida Madero or the hotel’s inner court. The lobby and courtyard are decorated with stone arches, beautiful tiles, and stone fountains. Furnishings in the rooms are rather dated, and plans to upgrade them seem to continually stall. Tile bathrooms have tub/shower combos. In lower-floor rooms facing Avenida Madero, noise from the street may be a problem—quieter rooms look out onto the interior courtyard, which has its own aviary.

Moderate Hotel Caleta The all-inclusive Hotel Caleta is more familiar to Mexican travelers than to their U.S. counterparts. This high-quality, nine-floor resort, adjacent to one of the liveliest beaches in Old Acapulco, offers excellent value. Stay here if you seek the authentic feel of a Mexican holiday, with all its boisterous, family-friendly charms. The hotel is built into a cliff on the Caleta peninsula, overlooking the beach. Rooms surround a plant-filled courtyard, topped by a glass ceiling. All have large terraces with ocean views, although some connect to the neighboring terrace. The simply decorated rooms are very clean and comfortable, with a large closet and desk. Each room has two queen beds with firm mattresses, and cable TV. ACAPULCO 387 A succession of terraces holds tropical gardens, restaurants, and pools. A private beach and boat dock are down a brief flight of stairs.


pages: 804 words: 212,335

Revelation Space by Alastair Reynolds

game design, glass ceiling, gravity well, Kuiper Belt, planetary scale, random walk, statistical model

Occasionally there were recesses, stash-holes for equipment or small operations shacks, or switching points where two elevators could squeeze past one another before continuing their journeys. Servitors were working the diamond, extruding it in atomic-thickness filaments from spinnerettes. The filaments zipped neatly into place under the action of protein-sized molecular machines. Looking through the glass ceiling, the faintly translucent shaft seemed to reach towards infinity. 'Why didn't you tell me you'd found this?' Sylveste asked. 'You must have been here for months at the very least.' 'Let's just say your input wasn't critical,' Girardieau said, and then added, 'until now, that is.' At the shaft's bottom, they exited into another corridor, silver-clad, cleaner and cooler than the one they had walked through at ground level.


pages: 706 words: 202,591

Facebook: The Inside Story by Steven Levy

active measures, Airbnb, Airbus A320, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, augmented reality, Ben Horowitz, blockchain, Burning Man, business intelligence, cloud computing, computer vision, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, don't be evil, Donald Trump, East Village, Edward Snowden, El Camino Real, Elon Musk, Firefox, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, indoor plumbing, Jeff Bezos, John Markoff, Jony Ive, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, Lyft, Mahatma Gandhi, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, Metcalfe’s law, MITM: man-in-the-middle, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, natural language processing, Network effects, Oculus Rift, PageRank, Paul Buchheit, paypal mafia, Peter Thiel, pets.com, post-work, Ray Kurzweil, recommendation engine, Robert Mercer, Robert Metcalfe, rolodex, Sam Altman, Sand Hill Road, self-driving car, sexual politics, Shoshana Zuboff, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, slashdot, Snapchat, social graph, social software, South of Market, San Francisco, Startup school, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Steven Pinker, Tim Cook: Apple, web application, WikiLeaks, women in the workforce, Y Combinator, Y2K

See Nick Bilton, “‘I Hope It Cracks Who She Is Wide Open’: In Silicon Valley, Many Have Long Known Sheryl Sandberg Is Not a Saint,” Vanity Fair, November 16, 2018. The aforementioned New York Times article, “Delay, Deny and Deflect,” which portrays Sandberg as culpable in the post-election saga, was a turning point in the press’s treatment of the COO. hostile prepublication article: Jodi Kantor, “A Titan’s How-To on Breaking the Glass Ceiling,” New York Times, February 21, 2015. “Sandberg has co-opted the vocabulary”: Maureen Dowd, “Pompom Girl for Feminism,” New York Times, February 23, 2013. the real newspaper: Eric Lubbers, “There Is No Such Thing as the Denver Guardian, Despite That Facebook Post You Saw,” Denver Post, November 5, 2016. “We’ve tried to do”: Laura Sydell, “We Tracked Down a Fake-News Creator in the Suburbs.


pages: 741 words: 199,502

Human Diversity: The Biology of Gender, Race, and Class by Charles Murray

23andMe, affirmative action, Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, Asperger Syndrome, assortative mating, basic income, bioinformatics, Cass Sunstein, correlation coefficient, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, double helix, Drosophila, epigenetics, equal pay for equal work, European colonialism, feminist movement, glass ceiling, Gunnar Myrdal, income inequality, Kenneth Arrow, labor-force participation, longitudinal study, meta analysis, meta-analysis, out of africa, p-value, phenotype, publication bias, quantitative hedge fund, randomized controlled trial, replication crisis, Richard Thaler, risk tolerance, school vouchers, Scientific racism, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), Silicon Valley, social intelligence, statistical model, Steven Pinker, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, theory of mind, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, twin studies, universal basic income, working-age population

In the latter survey, whites and Latinos have effectively the same earned income while the fitted mean for blacks is 84 percent of the fitted mean for whites. The fitted mean for Asians is 57 percent higher than the fitted mean for whites.[11] Let me be clear: I am not using these numbers to say that women, blacks, and Latinos do not still face problems because of sexism and racism. These numbers say nothing about individuals being passed over for promotions because of their sex or ethnicity, about glass ceilings, or about discriminatory or harassing interactions in the workplace. But there can be many people who legitimately think they haven’t gotten fair treatment without justifying the rhetoric that the orthodoxy uses about white male privilege. If we’re comparing men and women with similar IQs or members of different ethnicities with similar IQs, there’s only one American group that appears to be privileged for mysterious reasons.


Migrant City: A New History of London by Panikos Panayi

Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, British Empire, Brixton riot, call centre, discovery of the americas, en.wikipedia.org, financial intermediation, ghettoisation, gig economy, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, immigration reform, income inequality, Mahatma Gandhi, manufacturing employment, mass immigration, multicultural london english, New Urbanism, offshore financial centre, plutocrats, Plutocrats, transatlantic slave trade, upwardly mobile, urban sprawl, white flight

While some isolated attacks may have taken place in the East End,54 the only place in Britain which witnessed an anti-Jewish riot before 1914 was South Wales in August 1911, an area that counted tiny numbers of Jews who became scapegoats during a coal-mining strike.55 Against the background of the nationalism and xenophobia of the First World War, antisemitic riots broke out in the ghettoes of Leylands in Leeds and the East End in June and September 1917 respectively because of the unfounded perception that Jews avoided military service.56 Everyday antisemitism as experienced by London Jews continued during the interwar years. On the one hand this resulted from the fact that the second generation started breaking out of the constraints and safety of the East End, especially when they tried to move into the professions, when the idea that they faced a glass ceiling circulated amongst them, meaning that many opted for an easier path such as small-scale self-employment. These developments took place against the background of the fact that the majority of Londoners held antisemitic views, even during the Second World War,57 when some members of the white majority expressed the type of virulent ideas circulating in Nazi Germany.58 The 1930s also witnessed a growth in violent attacks on East End Jews as a result of the activism of the British Union of Fascists, although the local community fought back, especially during the Battle of Cable Street.59 Antisemitism remained strong in the early post-war decades.


pages: 716 words: 192,143

The Enlightened Capitalists by James O'Toole

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Bernie Madoff, British Empire, business cycle, business process, California gold rush, carbon footprint, City Beautiful movement, collective bargaining, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, Credit Default Swap, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, desegregation, Donald Trump, double entry bookkeeping, end world poverty, equal pay for equal work, Frederick Winslow Taylor, full employment, garden city movement, germ theory of disease, glass ceiling, God and Mammon, greed is good, hiring and firing, income inequality, indoor plumbing, inventory management, invisible hand, James Hargreaves, job satisfaction, joint-stock company, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, Lao Tzu, longitudinal study, Louis Pasteur, Lyft, means of production, Menlo Park, North Sea oil, passive investing, Ponzi scheme, profit maximization, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, Socratic dialogue, sovereign wealth fund, spinning jenny, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, stocks for the long run, stocks for the long term, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Tim Cook: Apple, traveling salesman, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, union organizing, Vanguard fund, white flight, women in the workforce, young professional

That breakthrough allowed PTFE to be made into the miracle material widely known as Gore-Tex, for which teams of Gore associates then found applications ranging from breathable fabrics used in shoes and jackets to synthetic blood vessels used in surgery to guitar strings and dental floss. The company became known as both an incubator of innovative products and processes and a great place to work, ranked among Fortune’s 100 Best Companies to Work For every year since the list first appeared in 1998. BREAK IN THE GLASS CEILING Gore was an especially good place for women associates, perhaps due to Vieve Gore’s influence. The company made it a practice to recruit women, and because of its egalitarian nature, many worked their way into leadership positions. Since academic credentials and previous leadership experience were irrelevant at Gore, women—underrepresented as a group in university science and technology programs, and often passed over for leadership positions in most technology companies—had a better shot at achieving prominence.


England by David Else

active transport: walking or cycling, Albert Einstein, back-to-the-land, Berlin Wall, Boris Johnson, British Empire, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, colonial rule, Columbine, congestion charging, David Attenborough, David Brooks, Etonian, food miles, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Kickstarter, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, Nelson Mandela, new economy, New Urbanism, out of africa, period drama, place-making, sceptred isle, Skype, Sloane Ranger, South of Market, San Francisco, Stephen Hawking, the market place, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, unbiased observer, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Winter of Discontent

MIDRANGE Al Casbah ( 01223-579500; www.al-casbah.co.uk; 62 Mill Rd; mains £7.50-9) Decked out like a Bedouin tent, this Algerian restaurant dishes up steaming plates of classic North African favourites. Expect tabouleh, felafel, brochettes, merguez (spicy lamb sausage) and wonderful grills from the indoor charcoal barbecue. De Luca ( 01223-356666; www.delucacucina.co.uk; 83 Regent St; mains £8-19.50; 11am-late) Contemporary style and classic Italian food collide in this light-filled restaurant in the centre of town. The open kitchen, glass ceiling and exposed brickwork make it a bright and lively place to dine and with a great wine list and plenty of cocktails it’s as popular for long lunches as it is for boozy nights out. Rainbow Vegetarian Bistro ( 01223-321551; www.rainbowcafe.co.uk; 9a King’s Pde; mains £8.50-9.50; 10am-10pm Tue-Sat) First-rate vegetarian food and a pious glow emanate from this snug subterranean gem, accessed down a narrow passageway off King’s Pde.

Another impressive Buxton construction, the graceful curved terrace of the Crescent, is reminiscent of the Royal Crescent in Bath and is being transformed into a luxury hotel, due for completion in 2010. Just east of here is Cavendish Arcade, formerly a thermal bathhouse (you can still see the chair used for lowering the infirm into the restorative waters) with several craft and book shops and a striking coloured-glass ceiling. Opposite the Crescent, the Pump Room, which dispensed Buxton’s spring water for nearly a century, now hosts temporary art exhibitions. Just outside is St Ann’s Well, a fountain from which Buxton’s famous thermal waters still flow – and where a regular procession of tourists queue to fill plastic bottles and slake their thirst with the liquid’s ‘curative’ power. Behind the Pump Room, a small park called the Slopes rises steeply in a series of grassy terraces.


pages: 388 words: 211,074

Pauline Frommer's London: Spend Less, See More by Jason Cochran

Bonfire of the Vanities, Boris Johnson, British Empire, congestion charging, David Attenborough, Etonian, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, Isaac Newton, John Snow's cholera map, Kickstarter, low cost airline, Nelson Mandela, Skype, urban planning

It’s now a stylish luxury hotel, but I suggest you go inside briefly, because much of the old judicial fittings were left intact. You can have a cocktail in one of the old jail cells— now converted into private booths, with Zen stones filling the old toilets— or even peek into Silk, a restaurant slotted into the authoritative Number One court, which still has its witness stand, bench, wood paneling, and vaulted glass ceiling. Beyond the Courthouse Hotel on the left, you’ll see a Tudor-style building of black beams and white plaster. This is Liberty (p. 267), famous for its haute fabrics. It’s also famous for its building—it was made in 1924 using wood recycled from junked ships. Liberty’s wares are alternately mocked and celebrated, and rarely cheap, but they’re usually interesting at the least. Great Marlborough Street runs into Regent Street.


Frommer's London 2009 by Darwin Porter, Danforth Prince

airport security, British Empire, double helix, East Village, Edmond Halley, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, Isaac Newton, Maui Hawaii, Murano, Venice glass, New Urbanism, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, Sloane Ranger, Stephen Hawking, sustainable-tourism, urban renewal, young professional

The courses, served consecutively, include finger sandwiches with cheese savories, apple-and-raisin scones, and yummy pastries. 55 Brook St., W1. & 0870/701-4444. www.claridges.co.uk. Reservations essential. Jacket and tie required for men after 6pm. High tea £31 ($62); £39 ($78) including champagne. AE, DC, MC, V. Daily 3–5:30pm. Tube: Bond St. The Palm Court This is one of the great London favorites for tea. Restored to its former charm, the lounge has an atmosphere straight from 1927, with a domed yellow-and-white glass ceiling, torchères, and palms in Compton stoneware jardinières. A delightful afternoon repast that includes a long list of teas is served daily against the background of live harp music. In the Sheraton Park Lane Hotel, Piccadilly, W1. & 020/7499-6321. Reservations recommended. Afternoon tea £25 ($50); with a glass of Park Lane champagne £34 ($68).AE, DC, MC,V. Daily 3–6pm.Tube: Hyde Park Corner or Green Park. 1 W es 0 0.5 Km 1/2 Mi Pelham St.


The Rough Guide to Norway by Phil Lee

banking crisis, bike sharing scheme, car-free, centre right, glass ceiling, Nelson Mandela, North Sea oil, out of africa, place-making, sensible shoes, sustainable-tourism, trade route, walkable city, white picket fence

Dating back to the 1890s, this lavish hotel was once one of the most fashionable spots in the country, but it hit the skids after World War II when the development of the road system began to undermine its importance. Luckily it was picked up and expertly restored in the 1990s. The hotel’s main facade is an imposing affair, whose twin towers are topped by finials in a permutation of Viking style. Inside, pride of place goes to the galleried hall with its huge stained-glass ceiling, open fireplace and carved woodwork. The 42 very comfortable guest rooms, which are in the hotel’s two wings, have been returned to an approximation of their original appearance too, and the pick have balconies overlooking the hotel gardens, which stretch down to the lake. The hotel dining room is also very grand with its acres of wood panelling and the food – traditional Norwegian – is top-notch with main courses averaging 300kr.


pages: 788 words: 223,004

Merchants of Truth: The Business of News and the Fight for Facts by Jill Abramson

23andMe, 4chan, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Alexander Shulgin, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, barriers to entry, Bernie Madoff, Bernie Sanders, Charles Lindbergh, Chelsea Manning, citizen journalism, cloud computing, commoditize, corporate governance, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, death of newspapers, digital twin, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, East Village, Edward Snowden, Ferguson, Missouri, Filter Bubble, future of journalism, glass ceiling, Google Glasses, haute couture, hive mind, income inequality, information asymmetry, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, Joseph Schumpeter, Khyber Pass, late capitalism, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Nate Silver, new economy, obamacare, Occupy movement, performance metric, Peter Thiel, phenotype, pre–internet, race to the bottom, recommendation engine, Robert Mercer, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, self-driving car, sentiment analysis, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Silicon Valley startup, skunkworks, Snapchat, social intelligence, social web, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, technoutopianism, telemarketer, the scientific method, The Wisdom of Crowds, Tim Cook: Apple, too big to fail, WikiLeaks

Speech, Cambridge, MA, April 26, 2006. Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. https://shorensteincenter.org/what-will-become-of-newspapers. Childress, Diana. Johannes Gutenberg and the Printing Press. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner Publishing Group, 2008. Chozick, Amy. Chasing Hillary: Ten Years, Two Presidential Campaigns, and One Intact Glass Ceiling. New York: Harper, an Imprint of HarperCollins Publishers, 2018. Clinton, Hillary Rodham. What Happened. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2017. Daley, Chris K. Becoming Breitbart: The Impact of a New Media Revolutionary. Chris Daley Publishing, 2012. Downie, Leonard, and Robert G. Kaiser. The News about the News: American Journalism in Peril. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002. Fahrenthold, David A.


pages: 976 words: 235,576

The Meritocracy Trap: How America's Foundational Myth Feeds Inequality, Dismantles the Middle Class, and Devours the Elite by Daniel Markovits

"Robert Solow", 8-hour work day, activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, affirmative action, Anton Chekhov, asset-backed security, assortative mating, basic income, Bernie Sanders, big-box store, business cycle, capital asset pricing model, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, carried interest, collateralized debt obligation, collective bargaining, computer age, corporate governance, corporate raider, crony capitalism, David Brooks, deskilling, Detroit bankruptcy, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, Edward Glaeser, Emanuel Derman, equity premium, European colonialism, everywhere but in the productivity statistics, fear of failure, financial innovation, financial intermediation, fixed income, Ford paid five dollars a day, Frederick Winslow Taylor, full employment, future of work, gender pay gap, George Akerlof, Gini coefficient, glass ceiling, helicopter parent, high net worth, hiring and firing, income inequality, industrial robot, interchangeable parts, invention of agriculture, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, job satisfaction, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, Kodak vs Instagram, labor-force participation, longitudinal study, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, Mark Zuckerberg, Martin Wolf, mass incarceration, medical residency, minimum wage unemployment, Myron Scholes, Nate Silver, New Economic Geography, new economy, offshore financial centre, Paul Samuelson, payday loans, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Plutonomy: Buying Luxury, Explaining Global Imbalances, precariat, purchasing power parity, rent-seeking, Richard Florida, Robert Gordon, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Reagan, savings glut, school choice, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, six sigma, Skype, stakhanovite, stem cell, Steve Jobs, supply-chain management, telemarketer, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, Thomas Davenport, Thorstein Veblen, too big to fail, total factor productivity, transaction costs, traveling salesman, universal basic income, unpaid internship, Vanguard fund, War on Poverty, Winter of Discontent, women in the workforce, working poor, young professional, zero-sum game

five hours of overwork per week: Jacobs and Gerson, The Time Divide, 68. fight Mike Tyson: Will Meyerhofer, “Not Worth It,” The People’s Therapist, April 13, 2011, accessed November 18, 2018, https://thepeoplestherapist.com/2011/04/13/not-worth-it/#more-3292 (Meyerhofer worked at the law firm Sullivan and Cromwell). “sick and insane”: Ho, Liquidated, 115. “not a life”: Cynthia Fuchs Epstein et al., “Glass Ceilings and Open Doors: Women’s Advancement in the Legal Profession,” Fordham Law Review 46 (1995): 385. “no way to have a child”: Rhode, Balanced Lives, 14. to the Holocaust: See Ho, Liquidated. “less smart”: The quotations come from Ho, Liquidated, 44, 56. Chapter Seven: A Comprehensive Divide the forty-second and forty-third presidents of the United States: “Timeline Guide to the U.S.


The Europeans: Three Lives and the Making of a Cosmopolitan Culture by Orlando Figes

Anton Chekhov, British Empire, glass ceiling, global village, Honoré de Balzac, Internet Archive, Murano, Venice glass, new economy, New Journalism, Republic of Letters, wikimedia commons

My Dear Madame Viardot, at 5 o’clock precisely we pulled into the station; at 6 I was installed in a room where I can hardly move about; and at 7 I took a bath … for it has to be admitted, only Paris can afford you such comforts.64 Turgenev came to Paris for the Exposition Universelle on the Champ de Mars. He set off there after finishing his bath. The gigantic exhibition hall, an oval-shaped complex of six concentric galleries, the outer almost two kilometres in length, was filled with machines of every kind and dimension, their noise drowning out the hubbub of the crowd, steam from their engines billowing to the glass ceiling. After a few hours of walking through the galleries, Turgenev was worn out. ‘My feet could not go any farther,’ he reported to Pauline, ‘I was utterly bewildered by this chaos [tohu-bohu] of machines, furniture, diamonds, emeralds as big as melons, drapery of every colour, crystals, weapons, palaces, kiosks, pottery, porcelain, horses, dogs, paintings, statues, Chinese men and women, signs, waterclosets (I entered them four times) … etc. etc.’65 Turgenev was only really interested in the paintings, which he returned to inspect the next day.


Spain by Lonely Planet Publications, Damien Simonis

Atahualpa, business process, call centre, centre right, Colonization of Mars, discovery of the americas, Francisco Pizarro, Frank Gehry, G4S, glass ceiling, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute couture, haute cuisine, illegal immigration, intermodal, Islamic Golden Age, land reform, large denomination, low cost airline, place-making, Skype, trade route, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Winter of Discontent, young professional

What’s here is just back from the clamorous streets of downtown but close enough to get around the centre on foot. It’s a good choice for budget travellers. Cat’s Hostel (Map; 91 369 28 07; www.catshostel.com; Calle de Cañizares 6; dm €19, d from €24; Antón Martín; ) Now here’s something special. The internal courtyard is Madrid’s finest – lavish Andalucian tilework, a fountain, a spectacular glass ceiling and stunning Islamic decoration, surrounded on four sides by an open balcony. There’s also a softly lit and supercool basement bar, where occasional live flamenco cohabits with free internet connections. Mad Hostel (Map; 91 506 48 40; www.madhostel.com; Calle de Cabeza 24; dm €20; Antón Martín; ) From the same people who brought you Cat’s Hostel, Mad Hostel is similarly filled with a buzzing vibe.

Easily the cheapest deal in town, it remains a popular deal because of its unbeatable position and very good restaurant (meals €25 to €30; open daily June to September, Thursday to Tuesday, October to May), where seafood, fresh fish and suquets are the order of the day. Hotel La Residència (972 25 83 12; www.laresidencia.net; Avinguda de la Caritat Serinyana 1; s/d €70/95; ) In the heart of town, with just a dozen good-sized rooms, this hotel oozes history. It opened in 1904 and Picasso stayed here six years later. Nowadays the place has a studied, classy air. A beautiful stained-glass ceiling creates a light well in the main staircase, and decorative details range from Dalí to rococo. The best rooms look out to sea. Hotel Llané Petit (972 25 10 20; www.llanepetit.com; Carrer del Doctor Bartomeus 37; d €120-132; ) A four-storey place right on the bay, the hotel is perhaps not as ‘petit’ as all that (it has 35 rooms), but the location is splendid and all the rooms have a generous balcony to sit on.


Fodor's Costa Rica 2013 by Fodor's Travel Publications Inc.

airport security, Berlin Wall, buttonwood tree, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, David Attenborough, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, Pepto Bismol, place-making, sustainable-tourism, urban sprawl

. | Average main: $10 | South end of Golfito main street just north of Hotel Las Gaviotas | 60701 | 2775–0192 | www.hotelmarylunaandsuites.com. Restaurante Vitrales. $$$ | COSTA RICAN | Dining here is both an aesthetic and gastronomic experience, in a spectacular, oval dining room reminiscent of a 1930s ocean liner, with dark-wood wood paneling; two monumental, fish-theme wall murals, and a stained-glass ceiling (the vitrales in the restaurant’s name). Happily, the food—sophisticated, modern Costa Rican—is as beautifully presented and prepared as the outstanding decor. The pejibaye (peach palm fruit) soup is a taste and textural sensation—nutty and creamy, flavored with avocado and apples, and studded with crispy croutons. Their spinach salad is a meal in itself, loaded with cheddar cheese, chunks of red pepper, real bacon, and bathed in apple-flavored dressing.


pages: 796 words: 242,660

This Sceptred Isle by Christopher Lee

agricultural Revolution, Berlin Wall, British Empire, colonial rule, Corn Laws, cuban missile crisis, Edward Lloyd's coffeehouse, failed state, financial independence, glass ceiling, half of the world's population has never made a phone call, James Hargreaves, James Watt: steam engine, Johannes Kepler, Khartoum Gordon, Khyber Pass, mass immigration, Mikhail Gorbachev, Monroe Doctrine, Nelson Mandela, new economy, Northern Rock, Ronald Reagan, sceptred isle, spice trade, spinning jenny, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade route, urban decay

If, for example, they had poor senior soldiers, there was not much they could do to replace them. Moreover, the most effective means of military reward, promotion, could well be out of the hands of a commanding officer. Meanwhile, lower down the scale, junior soldiers felt they were not being rewarded for their capabilities. There were Indian officers. Many of these, Company men, remember, were equally dissatisfied with the nineteenth-century glass ceiling that prevented their rise, even when long-served, to anything more than junior and strictly subordinate roles. It might not be a coincidence that the mutinous regiments looked to these older and dissatisfied Indian officers for example and leadership. The differences and anomalies in the ways in which sepoys were treated were not accepted by all British administrators. There were certain examples drawn to Canning’s attention that the poor conditions borne by the sepoys could cause active dissent.


pages: 827 words: 239,762

The Golden Passport: Harvard Business School, the Limits of Capitalism, and the Moral Failure of the MBA Elite by Duff McDonald

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, barriers to entry, Bayesian statistics, Bernie Madoff, Bob Noyce, Bonfire of the Vanities, business cycle, business process, butterfly effect, capital asset pricing model, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Clayton Christensen, cloud computing, collateralized debt obligation, collective bargaining, commoditize, corporate governance, corporate raider, corporate social responsibility, creative destruction, deskilling, discounted cash flows, disintermediation, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, family office, financial innovation, Frederick Winslow Taylor, full employment, George Gilder, glass ceiling, global pandemic, Gordon Gekko, hiring and firing, income inequality, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, job-hopping, John von Neumann, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Arrow, Kickstarter, London Whale, Long Term Capital Management, market fundamentalism, Menlo Park, new economy, obamacare, oil shock, pattern recognition, performance metric, Peter Thiel, plutocrats, Plutocrats, profit maximization, profit motive, pushing on a string, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, random walk, rent-seeking, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, Sam Altman, Sand Hill Road, Saturday Night Live, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Skype, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, Steve Jobs, survivorship bias, The Nature of the Firm, the scientific method, Thorstein Veblen, union organizing, urban renewal, Vilfredo Pareto, War on Poverty, William Shockley: the traitorous eight, women in the workforce, Y Combinator

Gras) the School’s first Casebook in American Business History in 1939—she was initially limited to her research, with little to no focus on teaching, and wasn’t promoted to the faculty (as an assistant professor) until 1936, seven years after giving up a professorship for the opportunity to come to HBS. The next step up took less time, if only marginally so: She was made an associate professor in 1942. But at that point, she hit the glass ceiling. (HBS did make her a full professor in 1961, the year she retired. But it was a ceremonial gesture, nothing more. The fact that the powers that be at the School considered the move a congratulatory one rather than a final reminder of the career-long insult they had perpetrated on her says more than enough about sexism at HBS in the 1960s.) Despite the fact that Larson was the first woman to get her foot into the door of the Faculty Club at HBS, the School and its historians have little to say about her or her work.


Scandinavia by Andy Symington

call centre, carbon footprint, centre right, clean water, connected car, edge city, full employment, glass ceiling, Kickstarter, low cost airline, low cost carrier, mass immigration, New Urbanism, North Sea oil, out of africa, period drama, Skype, the built environment, trade route, urban sprawl, walkable city, young professional

Hotel Flora BOUTIQUE HOTEL €€ ( 13 86 16; www.hotelflora.se; Grönsakstorget 2; s/d Skr1395/1695; ) An extreme makeover took Flora from frumpy to fabulous, with uberslick rooms flaunting black-and-white interiors, designer chairs, flat-screen TVs and sparkling bathrooms. Top-floor rooms have air-conditioning, several rooms offer river views and the chic split-level courtyard is perfect for sophisticated chilling. Hotel Royal HOTEL €€ ( 700 11 70; www.hotelroyal.nu; Drottninggatan 67; s/d Skr1395/1595; ) Göteborg’s oldest hotel (1852) has aged enviably. The grand entrance has been retained, complete with painted glass ceiling and sweeping staircase, and the elegant, airy rooms make necessary 21st-century concessions like flat-screen TVs and renovated bathrooms. There’s also homemade cake for guests. Avalon HOTEL €€€ ( 751 02 00; www.avalonhotel.se; Kungstorget 9; s/d from Skr1890/2290; ) The showy, design-conscious Avalon is steps away from the main tourist office. Rooms are sleek and uncluttered, with flat-screen TVs and heavenly pillows.


I Am Charlotte Simmons: A Novel by Tom Wolfe

back-to-the-land, British Empire, clean water, dematerialisation, glass ceiling, stem cell, the scientific method, working poor

All were close-knit and worked together as one-and joked together as comrades-in-arms-on a team that had won the national championship last season with him in the bruising position of power forward. He looked at the picture above his locker.Jojo Johanssen soaring above a lot of flailing black arms and stuffing the ball against Michigan State in the Final Four in March. He had broken through the glass ceiling in this game.or he thought he had. Such speculations kept rolling around in his head while he took a shower and got dressed. He was so lost in his thoughts, he was surprised when he realized that he was the last player left in the locker room. Him and the polished oak lockers and the foul mouth of Doctor Dis were all that remained. As usual, the doctor was venting his vile spleen: "Know'm saying?


Cuba Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

Bartolomé de las Casas, battle of ideas, business climate, car-free, carbon footprint, cuban missile crisis, G4S, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, Hernando de Soto, Kickstarter, Monroe Doctrine, new economy, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, transatlantic slave trade, transcontinental railway, transfer pricing, urban planning

Anyone with even a passing interest in Cuba’s architectural heritage will want to check out this colonial jewel, complemented with an elegant cafe and a popular bar-nightspot (from 8pm). Hotel Raquel HOTEL $$$ OFFLINE MAP GOOGLE MAP ( 860-8280; cnr Amargura San Ignacio; s/d CUC$108/175; ) Encased in a dazzling 1908 palace (that was once a bank), the Hotel Raquel takes your breath away with its grandiose columns, sleek marble statues and intricate stained-glass ceiling. Painstakingly restored in 2003, the reception area in this marvelous eclectic building is a tourist sight in its own right – it’s replete with priceless antiques and intricate art nouveau flourishes. Behind its impressive architecture, the Raquel offers well-presented if noisy rooms, a small gym/sauna, friendly staff and a great central location. Hotel Santa Isabel HOTEL $$$ OFFLINE MAP GOOGLE MAP ( 860-8201; Baratillo No 9; s/d incl breakfast CUC$150/240; ) Considered one of Havana’s finest hotels, as well as one of its oldest (it first began operations in 1867), the Hotel Santa Isabel is housed in the Palacio de los Condes de Santovenia, the former crash pad of a decadent Spanish count.