Loma Prieta earthquake

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A Paradise Built in Hell: Extraordinary Communities That Arise in Disaster by Rebecca Solnit

Berlin Wall, Burning Man, centre right, Community Supported Agriculture, David Graeber, different worldview, dumpster diving, Golden Gate Park, illegal immigration, Loma Prieta earthquake, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, race to the bottom, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rent control, San Francisco homelessness, South of Market, San Francisco, Thomas Malthus, Upton Sinclair, urban planning, War on Poverty, yellow journalism

But they went onward, home to New Mexico for the holidays, where everyone looked at them perplexedly as they told the story of their stranding with such ebullience. That time in the diner was the first time ever her partner, a Native American, had felt a sense of belonging in society at large. Such redemption amid disruption is common. It reminded me of how many of us in the San Francisco Bay Area had loved the Loma Prieta earthquake that took place three weeks before the Berlin Wall fell in 1989. Or loved not the earthquake but the way communities had responded to it. It was alarming for most of us as well, devastating for some, and fatal for sixty people (a very low death count for a major earthquake in an area inhabited by millions).

The word disaster comes from the Latin compound of dis-, or away, without, and astro, star or planet; literally, without a star. It originally suggested misfortune due to astrologically generated trouble, as in the blues musician Albert King’s classic “Born Under a Bad Sign.” In some of the disasters of the twentieth century—the big northeastern blackouts in 1965 and 2003, the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake in the San Francisco Bay Area, 2005’s Hurricane Katrina on the Gulf Coast—the loss of electrical power meant that the light pollution blotting out the night sky vanished. In these disaster-struck cities, people suddenly found themselves under the canopy of stars still visible in small and remote places.

Who gets shelter, supplies, aid, and sympathy is a political and cultural decision in which old biases surface. Even when malice is absent, middle-class people who maintain extensive documentation and are good at maneuvering through bureacracies do better at getting compensation. (For example, in the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, aid was given to one family per house in the farmworker town of Watson ville, although poor Latino families often doubled and tripled up, while chronically homeless San Franciscans were not offered hotel rooms as suddenly homeless denizens of the affluent Marina District were.) Stories of relief administrators with a bias as to who is deserving are common.


pages: 518 words: 170,126

City for Sale: The Transformation of San Francisco by Chester W. Hartman, Sarah Carnochan

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, Bay Area Rapid Transit, big-box store, business climate, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, housing crisis, illegal immigration, John Markoff, Loma Prieta earthquake, manufacturing employment, new economy, New Urbanism, profit motive, Ralph Nader, rent control, Ronald Reagan, San Francisco homelessness, Savings and loan crisis, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, strikebreaker, union organizing, urban planning, urban renewal, very high income, young professional

Again, widespread opposition: traffic (“Gridlock Park” was suggested as the name for the new facility); raiding the hotel tax to pay for it; interference with long-standing plans to develop China Basin for housing and light industry; secret negotiations. Two more propositions were placed on the November 1989 ballot: P, ratifying the City’s agreement with Lurie, lost by two thousand votes (a critical factor was the Loma Prieta earthquake just three weeks before election day, which distracted and scared voters, slowed down the proponents’ campaign, and also led to nostalgia and support for old Candlestick Park, which weathered the quake well in the midst of game three of the nationally televised Giants– Oakland A’s World Series); and V, a citizen-initiated policy declaration supporting renovation of Candlestick Park, won with 51.4 percent of the vote.* *For those acquainted with it, the Yankee Stadium saga was a cautionary tale: When the Yankees threatened to leave the Bronx in the 1970s, cash-strapped New York City bought Yankee Stadium and renovated it—with the construction bill rising from the original $24 million estimate to $100 million; to save money, the neighborhood improvement component of the project was cut out.

Mission Bay is a classic, tragic case in point.”96 In the fall of 1989, SP and the City were near agreement on yet another plan for Mission Bay: eight thousand housing units, three thousand of which would be subsidized, and 5.7 million square feet of commercial and office space. The October 17, 1989, Loma Prieta earthquake raised a new 188 / Chapter 8 issue: like the Marina District (which took the brunt of the quake), the Mission Bay site had been built primarily on landfill. In addition, the site contains toxic materials that could present leakage problems under earthquake conditions.97 SP, after much arm-twisting, agreed to pay for cleanup of hazardous wastes.98 And for the first time, the project’s financial details were spelled out: SP would agree to spend $231 million on infrastructure, hazardous waste testing and cleanup conforming to state and federal environmental regulations, community facilities, transit fees, and parks.

Pamela Duffy of the blue-ribbon Coblentz, Cahen, McCabe & Bryer law firm, lead counsel for both Mission Bay and Olympia & York clients, was quoted more than a decade ago saying, “I specialize in large, never-ending projects.”108 Not the least of the megaworries and imponderables is the toxic soil/liquefaction danger: Mission Bay is not built on granite—just as the name says, it’s a bay. The worst case scenario is historian Gray Brechin’s: “Mission Bay is a toxic landfill site that in an earthquake will liquefy, spilling biogoop everywhere.”109 The 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake apparently wasn’t enough of a wake-up call. Watch that space! In December 2001, Catellus announced it was suspending construction work on its massive 275,000-square-foot office building due to the bankruptcy filing of its key tenant, the Internet consulting company Marchfirst. 9 Moscone Center Doings When Moscone Center opened in December 1981, it got rave architectural reviews.


Engineers of Dreams: Great Bridge Builders and the Spanning of America by Henry Petroski

Bay Area Rapid Transit, creative destruction, Donald Trump, independent contractor, intermodal, Loma Prieta earthquake, Tacoma Narrows Bridge, the built environment, transcontinental railway

The Golden Gate Bridge, in its dramatic setting (photo credit 5.16) It is unlikely that the centennial of the bridge will be celebrated with another uncontrolled Pedestrian Day, unless substantial structural retrofitting work is done in the meantime. This may indeed occur, for after the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake, extensive plans were prepared to make the bridge capable of surviving a quake registering as high as 8.3 on the Richter scale, to meet standards set by the state of California. The Bridge and Highway District’s $128-million project was first delayed by an environmental study required by the Federal Highway Administration, and then by disagreements over liability between the district and the engineering firm of Steinman, Boynton, Gronquist & Birdsall.

Detailed considerations of the many alternative design possibilities led the group of engineers to recommend that the “bridge,” which was really two distinct bridges separated by a tunnel through an island, would consist of: (1) a unique pair of double-deck suspension bridges, each with a main span of 2,310 feet, arranged in tandem and sharing a common central anchorage in the middle of the water; (2) a 540-foot tunnel through Yerba Buena Island, with a bore larger than any other tunnel in the world; and (3) a great truss bridge laid out in a sweeping curve, with a cantilever section fourteen hundred feet long, which made it the longest and heaviest cantilever span in the U.S. and the third-longest in the world, flanked by a number of other spans exceeding five hundred feet. (It was on this latter portion of the bridge that a section of the upper deck fell during the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake, and the traffic disruption during the month when the bridge was closed for repairs provided many opportunities to reflect on the importance of the communications link that the bridge provided between San Francisco and communities, like Oakland, on the east side of the Bay.) In June 1933, the start of construction was marked on the island by a ceremony that included the explosion set off from Washington by President Roosevelt, and the symbolic beginning of excavation with the use of the golden spade.

In San Francisco, the towers of the Golden Gate and Bay bridges dominate so many views that they have become defining landmarks of the city by the bay. Although perhaps less appreciated visually, the importance of the Bay Bridge for communication between San Francisco and Oakland was demonstrated when a section of its upper deck fell onto its lower one during the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake, closing both roadways for about a month. The Northridge Earthquake, which struck Los Angeles in 1994, demonstrated further the vital link that a major bridge provides in a highway system. With key bridges out, Los Angeles commuters found themselves stuck in day-long traffic jams on detours in the early days following the disaster.


Rough Guide to San Francisco and the Bay Area by Nick Edwards, Mark Ellwood

1960s counterculture, airport security, back-to-the-land, Bay Area Rapid Transit, British Empire, Burning Man, California gold rush, carbon footprint, City Beautiful movement, El Camino Real, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute cuisine, Joan Didion, Kickstarter, Loma Prieta earthquake, Menlo Park, Nelson Mandela, period drama, pez dispenser, Port of Oakland, rent control, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, San Francisco homelessness, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, strikebreaker, transcontinental railway, unpaid internship, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, white picket fence, Works Progress Administration, young professional

Finally, if the Powell Street lines are just too busy, the California Street line (terminus at California and Market streets) crawling up Nob Hill is less popular and normally line-free. 55 Down town San F ranc i s c o | The Financial District 56 Conservatory Theater’s eponymous performance venue at 415 Geary St, and the Curran Theatre immediately next door at 445 Geary. Taking design cues from a Napoleonic palace, ACT’s grand, colonnaded Neoclassical building opened in 1910 and was originally known as the Geary Theater. It sustained significant structural damage in the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake and did not reopen until seven years later; it was renamed in 2006. The Curran dates from 1922 and operated as a vaudeville stage in its earliest days; these days, it hosts crowd-pleasing productions such as A Chorus Line and Hairspray. The blocks of Post and Sutter streets cutting through the area are home to some of Downtown’s least visible landmarks: some fourteen private clubs hidden behind discreet facades.

A sea wall was erected parallel to the shoreline north of Cow Hollow, after which the marshland in between was piled high with rubble from the 1906 earthquake and fire, mixed with sand from the ocean floor. Such flimsy foundations ultimately resulted in bitter irony, as the neighborhood originally built to celebrate the rebirth of the city after the 1906 calamities was the worst casualty of the Loma Prieta earthquake in 1989, when tremors sent many structures collapsing into smoldering heaps. Reconstruction was immediate and complete, however, and today among its townhouses, there’s barely a speck of evidence of the destruction that ravaged the district. Short of taking in the Palace of Fine Arts and the Exploratorium, or enjoying a stroll around its dense, beautifully manicured streets, the Marina doesn’t offer many compelling reasons for visitors to linger; furthermore, its overwhelmingly young, white, professional, and straight demographic doesn’t make for very interesting people-watching.

Once the home of baseball’s San Francisco Giants, the ballpark is notorious for its brutal winds and the otherworldly fog bank that sometimes settles on the field. An even more surreal scene was broadcast live to the nation in October 1989, when a World Series game between the Giants and the Oakland A’s was rudely interrupted by the Loma Prieta earthquake.With the Giants having moved, the stadium’s sole remaining tenant is the San Francisco 49ers football team. For information on catching a game, see p.273. T he Mi ssi on, the C as tro, an d s outh Civic Center project were ever completed (including City Hall), and nothing appeared on Twin Peaks.


Why Things Bite Back: Technology and the Revenge of Unintended Consequences by Edward Tenner

air freight, Alfred Russel Wallace, animal electricity, blue-collar work, clean water, collective bargaining, computer age, dematerialisation, Donald Knuth, Exxon Valdez, germ theory of disease, informal economy, job automation, John Harrison: Longitude, John von Neumann, Loma Prieta earthquake, loose coupling, Louis Pasteur, mass immigration, Menlo Park, nuclear winter, oil shock, placebo effect, Productivity paradox, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rising living standards, Robert X Cringely, Shoshana Zuboff, Silicon Valley, technoutopianism, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, Thorstein Veblen

But they can, in Allan Lindh' s words, "turn earthquakes into events that, while terrifying, take very few lives." We are going beyond national maps of seismic hazards to "microzoning" of sites for soil conditions that can multiply the effects of ground motion or lead to landslides or to the liquefaction that was so prominent in the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. Since the 1970s, new instruments have made it possible to measure surface waves and have revealed that earthquakes can subject buildings to acceleration equal to or exceeding the force of gravity—many times what older building codes had assumed. Techniques exist to make buildings far safer in shocks than they are.

During the twentieth century, China has suffered an earthquake death for every $i,000 in property damage, whereas the United States has experienced only one death for more than $i million in property damage. Compare, too, the Tangshan casualties with those of an equally powerful earthquake that struck Valparaiso, Chile,* in 1985: it killed only 15o of one million residents. Seismic design of Chilean urban buildings made the difference. In the Loma Prieta earthquake of 1989, the high-rises of the financial district, designed to meet seismic codes, survived. The low frame buildings of the Mission District, built before the enactment of stricter codes enforcing new engineering standards, collapsed and burned. The greatest risks, human and material, may not be where earthquakes have caused the greatest damage recently but where they are likely but less familiar.

Damages from a Midwestern quake could exceed $50 billion. Conspicuous earthquake risk has a positive side. California has learned to get ready, if imperfectly, because it has known disaster. Of course, events may once again show that safety measures are inadequate, as they did when the reinforced Nimitz Freeway in Oakland collapsed during the Loma Prieta earthquake in 1989. The Northridge/Los Angeles quake of 1994 and the Kobe event of 1995 destroyed and weakened buildings, bridges, and transportation lines once hailed for their advanced, robust design. Concentration of populations in densely built suburbs may increase the risk. But most engineers believe that improved education, warning systems, maps of fault lines and expected hazards, better building design, careful zoning, and stricter building codes can continue to reduce the risk to life.


pages: 255 words: 90,456

Frommer's Irreverent Guide to San Francisco by Matthew Richard Poole

Bay Area Rapid Transit, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, game design, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute cuisine, Loma Prieta earthquake, Maui Hawaii, old-boy network, pez dispenser, San Francisco homelessness, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, Torches of Freedom, upwardly mobile

The rage against intolerance peaked when Harvey Milk, the first openly gay person to hold a major public office, was shot and killed by a former supervisor who was consistently opposed to Milk’s liberal policies (remember the “Twinkie defense”?). Milk’s martyrdom was both a political and a practical inspiration for gay rights advocates across the country. Although severely shaken by the Loma Prieta earthquake in 1989, San Francisco witnessed a spectacular rebound during the 1990s. But the most seismic event to occur in recent history was the modern gold rush of the Internet industry, which changed the face and fortunes of the city faster and more dramatically than anyone anticipated. While investors and pimply-faced programmers were reaping fortunes, the city’s locals were far less enamored with the dot-com boom.

The Orpheum’s meticulously restored Spanish baroque building is every bit as glamorous as the productions it hosts— The Lion King, Jesus Christ Superstar, and so on. The grand old Golden Gate Theater—located a little deeper into the Tenderloin than some overdressed theatergoers would prefer—stages lots of Broadway favorites and revivals, as does the Curran. One of the less-publicized casualties of the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, the Geary Theater, is now fully refurbished and modernized to such an extent that it’s regarded as one of America’s finest performance spaces. It’s also the home of the American Conservatory Theater (ACT), one of the most highly regarded repertory groups in the country. ACT continues to be a company with great range and is nationally recognized for its groundbreaking productions of classical works and bold explorations of contemporary playwriting.


Northern California Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

Airbnb, Apple II, Asilomar, back-to-the-land, Bay Area Rapid Transit, big-box store, Burning Man, buy and hold, California gold rush, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, dark matter, Donald Trump, Donner party, East Village, El Camino Real, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Frank Gehry, friendly fire, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Google bus, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, haute cuisine, housing crisis, Joan Didion, Kickstarter, Loma Prieta earthquake, Lyft, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, Mason jar, McMansion, means of production, Port of Oakland, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, San Francisco homelessness, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, South of Market, San Francisco, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, the built environment, trade route, transcontinental railway, uber lyft, Upton Sinclair, urban sprawl, white picket fence, Whole Earth Catalog, women in the workforce, working poor, Works Progress Administration, young professional

Joshua Norton lost his shirt and his mind in the Gold Rush before proclaiming himself ‘Emperor of these United States and Protector of Mexico,’ and ordering construction of a trans-bay bridge in 1872. Taxpayers took some convincing: the Bay Bridge was completed in 1936. But the eastern span collapsed in the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, taking 12 years and $6.4 billion to repair. Emperor Norton’s idea seemed not quite so bright anymore – until artist Leo Villareal installed 25,000 LED lights along the western span, mesmerizing commuters with a 1.8-mile-long light show that shimmers and pulses in patterns that never repeat.

Pods of whales migrate yearly between Mexico and Alaska, with peak viewing between December and April. California sea lion MICHAEL MIKE L. BAIRD/GETTY IMAGES © With dog-like faces and oversized flippers, vocal sea lions typically haul out in large social groups. The crowd-pleasing colony at San Francisco’s Pier 39 mysteriously appeared soon after the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. Mule deer OOMKA/SHUTTERSTOCK © Ubiquitous throughout the state, mule deer are recognizable by their ample ears and black foreheads. Bucks wear forked antler racks. Desert tortoise RYAN M. BOLTON/SHUTTERSTOCK © Able to live for over half a century, these high desert reptiles burrow underground to survive extreme heat and cold.

Public support for protesters strengthens self-rule concessions for Native American tribes. 1976 In the 'Judgment of Paris,' a blind wine-tasting competition, Napa Valley wines beat out French ones and California's Wine Country finds its place on the map. 1977 San Francisco Supervisor Harvey Milk becomes the first openly gay man elected to California public office. Milk sponsors a gay-rights bill before being murdered by political opponent Dan White in 1978. 1989 On October 17, the Loma Prieta earthquake hits 6.9 on the Richter scale near Santa Cruz, destroying a two-level section of Interstate 880 and resulting in 63 deaths and almost 4000 injuries. 1996 Proposition 215 (aka the Compassionate Use Act of 1996) passes by voter-led initiative, legalizing the medical use of cannabis; pot smoke begins to appear on the afternoon breeze in San Francisco. 2000 The Nasdaq crashes, ending the dot-com era.


pages: 407 words: 104,622

The Man Who Solved the Market: How Jim Simons Launched the Quant Revolution by Gregory Zuckerman

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, Andrew Wiles, automated trading system, backtesting, Bayesian statistics, Bear Stearns, beat the dealer, Benoit Mandelbrot, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, blockchain, Brownian motion, butter production in bangladesh, buy and hold, buy low sell high, Claude Shannon: information theory, computer age, computerized trading, Credit Default Swap, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, Edward Thorp, Elon Musk, Emanuel Derman, endowment effect, Flash crash, George Gilder, Gordon Gekko, illegal immigration, index card, index fund, Isaac Newton, John Meriwether, John Nash: game theory, John von Neumann, Loma Prieta earthquake, Long Term Capital Management, loss aversion, Louis Bachelier, mandelbrot fractal, margin call, Mark Zuckerberg, Monty Hall problem, More Guns, Less Crime, Myron Scholes, Naomi Klein, natural language processing, obamacare, p-value, pattern recognition, Peter Thiel, Ponzi scheme, prediction markets, quantitative hedge fund, quantitative trading / quantitative finance, random walk, Renaissance Technologies, Richard Thaler, Robert Mercer, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, Sharpe ratio, Silicon Valley, sovereign wealth fund, speech recognition, statistical arbitrage, statistical model, Steve Bannon, Steve Jobs, stochastic process, the scientific method, Thomas Bayes, transaction costs, Turing machine

In September 1989, Straus leased offices on the ninth floor of the historic, twelve-story Wells Fargo Building, the city’s first high-rise, a short walk from the campus of UC Berkeley. The office’s existing hardwire lines couldn’t deliver accurate prices at a fast-enough speed, so a staffer arranged to use a satellite receiver atop the Tribune Tower in nearby Oakland to transmit up-to-the-minute futures prices. A month later, the San Francisco area was rocked by the Loma Prieta earthquake, which killed sixty-three people. Axcom’s new office didn’t suffer serious damage, but shelves and desks collapsed, books and equipment were damaged, and the satellite receiver toppled, an inauspicious start for a trading operation desperate to revive itself. The team forged ahead, with Berlekamp focused on implementing some of the most promising recommendations Ax had ignored.

., 31, 78 Kepler Financial Management, 133–34, 157, 166–67 kernel methods, 84–86, 96 Kirtland Air Force Base, 170–71 Klein, Naomi, 321 Koch, Charles, 278 Koch, David, 278 Kochen, Simon, 69–70, 71, 103 Kononenko, Alexey, 236–37, 241–43, 262–63, 270–71 Kostant, Bertram, 18, 20 Kovner, Bruce, 140 Kurz, Christopher, 121–22 Kushner, Jared, 281, 292 Lackman, Abe, 286 Laufer, Henry, xi, 101 background of, 140–41 Long Island Sound estate of, 227–28 at Renaissance, 109, 141–44, 149–50, 201, 229–31, 233 at Stony Brook, 77, 78, 84–85, 141–42 trading models, 77, 107–18, 142–43, 149–50, 156, 168, 189, 197, 229–30, 253, 258 Laufer, Marsha Zlatin, 141–42 Law of Vibration, 123 Lawrence School, 13 Leave.EU, 280–81 L’eggs, 162 Lehman Brothers, 173, 264, 309 Leibler, Dick, 26, 30–31, 32 Leinweber, David, 204 Leo, Leonard, 290 Let’s Make a Deal (TV show), 211 leverage, 188 Lewinsky, Monica, 208 Lieberman, Louis, 46 Limroy, 50–51, 53, 54, 55, 58, 98, 346 linear regression, 83–84 liquidity, 229 Lo, Andrew, 123, 124 locals, 110 Loma Prieta earthquake of 1989, 107 Long-Term Capital Management (LTCM), 209–11, 212–13, 226, 256 Lord Jim, The (yacht), 60 loss aversion, 152 Lott, John R., Jr., 207 Lourie, Robert, 11, 228, 257 Lux, Hal, 218 Lynch, Carolyn, 162 Lynch, Peter, xvi, 3, 161–63 McCain, John, 304 McCarthy, David, 154 McCarthy, Eugene, 74 McGrayne, Sharon, 202 machine learning, 4–5, 47–48, 144, 205, 215, 315 McNulty, Bill, 295 Macrae, Kenny, 267 macro investors, 164 “macroscopic variables,” 29 Madoff, Bernard, 146n, 198 Magellan Fund, 161–63, 333 Magerman, David, xi background of, 182–84 computer hacking of, 191–93, 213 confrontational behavior of, 235, 270 education of, 183–85 at IBM, 177, 181, 185, 191–92 Mercers and, 195, 213–14, 232, 277, 291–99, 318 at Penn, 270 philanthropic activity of, 270, 318 presidential election of 2016 and Trump, 290–94 Magerman, David, at Renaissance Brown and, 181–82, 191–95, 241, 294, 296, 297, 299, 318 computer bug, 194–95, 213 departures, 262–63, 269–70 firing, 317–18 Kononenko and, 237, 241–43, 262–63, 270–71 lawsuit and financial settlement, 318–19 misgivings of, 269–70 recruitment of, 181–82, 186–87 return to, 270–71 Simons and, 181–82, 186–87, 234–35, 237, 296–99 tech bubble, 215–17 trading system, 186–87, 191–95, 213–17, 234–36 Magerman, Debra, 291, 292 Magerman, Melvin, 182–83, 184 Mahlmann, Karsten, 114 Malloy, Martin, 259 management fees, 115n, 248 Man AHL, 313 Mandelbrot, Benoit, 127 Man for All Markets, A (Thorp), 128 Manhattan Fund, 123 market neutral, 166–67, 211, 255 Markov chains, 46–48, 81 Markov model, xx, 29, 174 Markowitz, Harry, 30 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), 9, 14–16, 17, 20–21, 89–91, 325–26 Mathematical Sciences Research Institute, 236–37 Math for America, 269, 296–99, 321 Matrix, The (movie), 307 Mattone, Vinny, 210–11 Mayer, Jane, 280 Mayer, Jimmy, 15, 16–17, 21, 38–39, 50 Mazur, Barry, 15 Medallion Fund basket options, 225–27 fees, 145–46, 235–36, 271, 315–16 financial crisis and, 257–61, 263–64 GAM Investments, 153–54 launch of, 98 move into stock investing, 157–58 returns, xvi, 140, 145–46, 151, 153, 156, 157, 215, 217–18, 223–24, 225, 247–48, 255, 271, 315–16, 319, 331–32 returns comparison, 333 Sharpe ratio, 218, 223–24, 245 size limit, 246–47 trading models, 107–9, 113, 138–40, 142–43, 156–57, 168, 197–205, 271–74 Media Research Center, 304 Mercer, Diana, 179, 186, 214, 228, 288 Mercer, Heather Sue, 207, 214, 228 Mercer, Jennifer “Jenji,” 179, 186, 228 Mercer, Rebekah, xi, 228 Bannon and Breitbart News, 278–83, 288–90, 294–95, 301–2 emergence as right-wing donor, 277–79, 301–2 Magerman and, 214, 291, 293, 298, 299 political blowback and, 301–2, 303–5 presidential election of 2016 and Trump, xviii, 279–86, 288–90, 294–95 at Renaissance, 214 Mercer, Robert, xi background of, 169–70 education of, 169–70 emergence as right-wing donor, xviii, 276–86, 325–26 at IBM, 4–5, 169, 171–81, 187–88, 202 interest in computers, 170–71 at Kirtland Air Force Base, 170–71 libertarian views of, 171, 207–8, 232, 235, 275–77 presidential election of 2016 and Trump, xviii, 279–87, 291–95, 299–300, 302 Stony Brook Harbor estate (Owl’s Nest), 228, 275, 288–89, 295 Mercer, Robert, at Renaissance client presentations, 251 as co-CEO, xviiin, 231, 290, 301 equity stake, 201 financial crisis and, 257–61 Magerman and, 195, 213–14, 232, 277, 291–99, 318 management, 230–31, 232–33, 237, 241–43, 254–55, 289–90 political blowback and, 291–305 recruitment of, 169, 179–80 resignation of, 301–2, 319 statistical-arbitrage trading system, 4–5, 187–91, 193–95, 197–99, 205–8, 213–14, 221–22, 223, 229–32, 255, 272 tech bubble, 215–17 Mercer, Thomas, 169, 179 Mercer, Virginia, 169 Mercer Family Foundation, 276 Meriwether, John, 209–11, 212 Merrill Lynch, 19–20, 54, 96 Merton, Robert C., 209 Mexico–United States border wall, 290–91 Microsoft, 38, 59 Milken, Michael, 105–6, 129 Millennium Management, 238, 252–54 minimal varieties, 26–28, 38 “Minimal Varieties in Riemannian Manifolds” (Simons), 28 Mirochnikoff, Sylvain, 278 Mississippi, 13–14 Mnuchin, Steve, 282 Monemetrics Ax at, 34, 51–52, 72–73 Baum at, 45, 49–60, 63–65 founding and naming of, 44–45 Hullender at, 54–59, 74 name change to Renaissance, 61.


pages: 392 words: 109,945

Life's Edge: The Search for What It Means to Be Alive by Carl Zimmer

3D printing, Albert Einstein, biofilm, call centre, coronavirus, Covid-19, COVID-19, discovery of DNA, double helix, Fellow of the Royal Society, gravity well, knapsack problem, Loma Prieta earthquake, Louis Pasteur, low earth orbit, Lyft, microbiome, Richard Feynman, Schrödinger's Cat, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, Silicon Valley, stem cell, uber lyft

I traveled to Santa Cruz, where he had moved after marrying Ólöf Einarsdóttir, a professor at the University of California campus at the north end of the city. Deamer had traded Davis’s landscapes of flat farmland for the brooding beauty of the coast, a place where elephant seals lounged on the beaches, watched over by pines and redwoods on the hillsides. On my first night in Santa Cruz, I wandered downtown. The Loma Prieta earthquake of 1989 had left its mark six years earlier. I passed silent abandoned buildings, following the stark gashes in the dark, deserted streets. In the morning I found my way to Deamer’s lab. “Do you want to smell outer space?” Deamer asked. He offered me a sample of Murchison lipids to sniff.

., 192 Life Itself (Crick), 199 lipids and liposomes and alkaline vent theory, 247–48 and assembly theory, 289, 290 and astrobiology/exobiology research, 266 and DNA-reading technology, 230 and organic molecules in meteorites, 232–36 and philosophical trees, 266 and primitive cells, 226–29 and protocells, 242–45 and structure of membranes, 225–26 and volcanic hot springs research, 237–39 Liu, Daniel, 158 Loma Prieta earthquake, 231 London Zoo, 37 López-García, Purificación, 210 Lovelock, James, 252 lung function, 112, 121 Lunshof, Jeantine, 14–15 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), 17 maple trees, 102–10, 113, 124 marine bacteria, 211 Marine Biological Laboratory, 180 Mariner spacecraft, 251, 252 Mars, 251–59, 260, 272, 277 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), 179–80 McKay, David, 256 McMath, Jahi, 55–62 medical ethics, 53–55, 123–24 Mednick, Gabe, 248–49 Meierhenrich, Uwe, 273 Meitner, Lise, 183 membranes and astrobiology/exobiology research, 266 and cell function, 26 and characteristics of life, 5 and DNA-reading technology, 229, 230, 242 and embryonic development, 28 and liposomes, 225–26 and origins of genes, 222 and origins of life theories, 244 and philosophical trees, 263 and Pseudomonas research, 118–19 and red blood cells, 211 and role of water, 46 and viruses, 204, 207–8 and volcanic hot springs research, 237, 246 and yeast cells, 169 memory, 83–84 messenger RNA, 72, 75, 248–49 metabolism and astrobiology/exobiology research, 252, 265, 290 and definitions of life, 109, 124, 199–200, 207, 222, 225, 270–71, 274–75 and enzymatic function, 173, 174 and hibernation, 93–101 and membranes, 225 and origins of life, 226, 235, 246–47 and slime molds, 84, 87–89 and snakes, 65–66, 67–77 and theoretical models of life, 283–84 and viruses, 207 meteorites Allan Hills 84001, 255–56, 257–58, 270, 277–78 Murchison meteorite, 227–28, 232, 236, 289 and the ocean floor environment, 153 and origins of life theories, 227–28, 232–33, 243–44 and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, 236 methane, 282 microscopes, 128, 171, 207, 243, 256 Miller, Stanley, 222, 237, 289 MinION sequencers, 241–42 mitochondria, 212–13, 215, 270 Mittlefehldt, David, 255–56 Mohl, Hugo van, 158 “Molecular Vitalism” (Kirschner, Gerhart, and Mitchison), 198 Mollaret, Pierre, 50–51 Mommaerts, Wilfried, 176 Monthly Magazine, 35 Moreira, David, 210 Morgan, Thomas Hunt, 185, 187 Moseley, Henry, 153 Mount Mutnovsky, 216–17, 237–38 Muller, Hermann, 185, 188 Muotri, Alysson, 7–12, 14 Murchison meteorite, 227–28, 232, 236, 289 Murray, John, 164–65 Murray, Joseph, 52–53 muscles and anatomy research, 137 and cell function, 26 and hibernation, 94 and irritability, 140, 144 and metabolic function, 67, 75, 76 and organoid research, 14 and slime mold metabolism, 89 and Szent-Györgyi’s research, 175–79, 181 and white-nose syndrome, 100 mutations and brain disorders, 7 and Crick’s DNA research, 196 and Crick’s general nature of life, 199 and cystic fibrosis, 112 and Darwinian evolution, 114–16 and definitions of life, 270 Delbrück’s research, 185–87, 185–88 and disease resistance, 101 and genetic disorders, 248 and Pseudomonas research, 119–21 and viruses, 123, 204, 205, 209, 211 See also evolution; genes and genetics myosin, 175–76, 179 myristic acid, 217 Nair-Collins, Michael, 59, 60–61 Nairne, James, 19 Nakagaki, Toshiyuki, 84 nanopore sequencers, 242, 261–62 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and astrobiology research, 199–200, 227–28, 250, 253–59, 262, 277–78 and definitions of life, 200, 209–10, 270, 272–73 and DNA sequencing in space, 242 and organoid research, 10 National Institute of Standards and Technology, 230 National Institutes of Health, 181 natural selection, 114–16, 119, 122–23, 157, 208, 270.


pages: 482 words: 147,281

A Crack in the Edge of the World by Simon Winchester

Albert Einstein, Asilomar, butterfly effect, California gold rush, Golden Gate Park, index card, indoor plumbing, lateral thinking, Loma Prieta earthquake, Menlo Park, place-making, risk tolerance, San Francisco homelessness, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, supervolcano, The Chicago School, transcontinental railway, wage slave, Works Progress Administration

Elsewhere in the city, and in Oakland and most parts of Santa Cruz – which was very badly damaged – builders and architects seemed to have absorbed the realities, and the structures they had created were tempered well enough to withstand the shaking. In general, they survived. The single most worrisome aspect of the 1989 earthquake goes beyond the imperfect nature of northern California’s construction industry. The most troublesome reality seems not to have fully sunk in: that the Loma Prieta Earthquake was not a result of a rupture along the San Andreas Fault. The physical characteristics of the 1989 rupture, which have been measured and examined by geophysicists ever since, turn out to be very different indeed from the signature patterns of the San Andreas. And so the comforting thought that the 1989 event might have been the big fault suddenly blowing off steam, suddenly relieving itself a little of the pressure that must have been building up since it was last relieved by the dramas of 1906, has proved ill founded.

Washington, DC: United States Geological Survey, 1982 Moores, Eldridge M., Doris Sloan, and Dorothy L. Stout (eds.). Classic Concepts in Cordilleran Geology: A View from California. Special Paper 338. Boulder, CO: The Geological Society of America, 1999 Plafker, George, and John Galloway (eds.). Lessons Learned from the Loma Prieta, CA, Earthquake of October 17, 1989. US Geological Survey Circular 1,045. Washington, DC: United States Geological Survey, 1989 Rabbitt, Mary C. Minerals, Lands and Geology for the Common Defense and General Welfare. Volume 1: Before 1879. Washington, DC: United States Geological Survey, 1982 Rankin, Douglas W.

Campbell 224 Juan de Fuca Plate 36, 140, 141 Juan Fernandez Islands 138 Judson, Clarence xxviii, xxxv–xxxvi, 219 Kalakaua, King 207 Kamchatka 39 Keith, William 320 Kenora 57–8 Kenorland 57–8, 59 Killari, India 84 King, Clarence 113–16, 121 Kingston, Maxine Hong 314 Klamath Mountains 140 Kluane Fault 344 Kluane National Park 344 Krajina 74 Krakatoa 213, 311 Kula Plate 36 La-Pérouse, Jean-François 91 Lafayette Park, San Francisco xxix, 241 Land’s End 198, 199 Laurasia 49 Laurentia 59, 60 lavas 123–4, 127 Lawson, Andrew 137, 155, 168, 227–8, 238, 240, 241–2 Lee, Owen 307 Leese, Jacob 177–8 Leese, Rosalie 178 Legler, Mr 225 Lengfeld’s Pharmacy 267 Liard Hot Springs 342 Lick Observatory 229, 241 Lincoln, President 73 Lindsay, Nicholas Vanchel 174 Lisbon 32, 33, 33 lithosphere 52 Livermore, Jesse 291 Lloyd, B. E. 192–3 Lloyd’s 294–5, 296, 296 Lobos Square Camp 283 Loma Prieta Earthquake 328–30 London, Jack 197, 264, 319 looting 277, 279 López de Cárdenas, García 120 Lopez y Arballo, Francisco 96 Los Angeles 102, 166, 201, 202–3, 230, 301, 302, 303 Los Gatos 227 Louisiana Purchase 88–9, 105 Love Waves 148 Lovelock, James xviii McAdie, Alexander George xxix, xxxi–xxxii McKinley, Carl 66–8 McKinley, William 30 McPhee, John 126 Magic Mountain, The (Mann) 26 magnitude 359, 363–9 Mallet, Robert 236, 356–7 Mann, James R. 30 Mann, Thomas 26 Mare Island Naval Observatory 240–41 Mark Hopkins Institute of Art 320 Marked Tree, Arkansas 79 Market Street, San Francisco 217, 221, 266–7, 272 Marshall, James Wilson 13, 96 Martinique 3 Massachusetts 63, 64, 84 Massena, New York 84 Mathews, Arthur 322–3 Mathews, Lucia 322, 323 Matters of Fact and Fiction (Vidal) 130 Matthes, F.


pages: 394 words: 118,929

Dreaming in Code: Two Dozen Programmers, Three Years, 4,732 Bugs, and One Quest for Transcendent Software by Scott Rosenberg

A Pattern Language, Benevolent Dictator For Life (BDFL), Berlin Wall, Bill Atkinson, c2.com, call centre, collaborative editing, conceptual framework, continuous integration, Donald Knuth, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Hofstadter, Dynabook, en.wikipedia.org, Firefox, Ford paid five dollars a day, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, functional programming, George Santayana, Grace Hopper, Guido van Rossum, Gödel, Escher, Bach, Howard Rheingold, HyperCard, index card, Internet Archive, inventory management, Jaron Lanier, John Markoff, John von Neumann, knowledge worker, Larry Wall, life extension, Loma Prieta earthquake, Menlo Park, Merlin Mann, Mitch Kapor, new economy, Nicholas Carr, Norbert Wiener, pattern recognition, Paul Graham, Potemkin village, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Stallman, Ronald Reagan, Ruby on Rails, semantic web, side project, Silicon Valley, Singularitarianism, slashdot, software studies, source of truth, South of Market, San Francisco, speech recognition, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, Therac-25, thinkpad, Turing test, VA Linux, Vannevar Bush, Vernor Vinge, web application, Whole Earth Catalog, Y2K

It was there the next day and the next, and soon it was joined by a line of a dozen cranes, arrayed along the bridge’s north side like a rank of mechanical beasts at the trough, ready to feed on hapless commuters. Work was beginning on a replacement for this half of the double-decker bridge. A fifty-foot chunk of its upper level had collapsed onto the lower roadway during the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. Now a safer, more modern structure would rise next to the old. In the weeks and months that followed, each of the 240-foot-tall cranes began pounding rust-caked steel tubes, 8 feet in diameter and 300 feet long, into the bay floor. In the early morning hours we could sometimes hear the thuds in my home in the Berkeley hills.

The transportation agency claimed that each day of delay was costing the state $400,000. Finally, in July 2005, a new compromise reaffirmed the fancier single-tower design, to be paid for with bridge toll hikes and other measures, and projected a new finish date for the bridge: 2012—almost a quarter century after the Loma Prieta earthquake had shaken a chunk of the old bridge deck loose. As I read about the controversy, I couldn’t help thinking of all the software management manuals that used the rigorous procedures and time-tested standards of civil engineering as a cudgel to whack the fickle dreamers of the programming profession over the head.


Hollow City by Rebecca Solnit, Susan Schwartzenberg

blue-collar work, Brownian motion, dematerialisation, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, housing crisis, informal economy, Jane Jacobs, Loma Prieta earthquake, low skilled workers, new economy, New Urbanism, pets.com, rent control, San Francisco homelessness, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, wage slave

Nick Kozl- some of his sto- AMNESIA lies, human and book architectural, IS A CLUB had been 143 displaced, but that has checked itself out of the library of memory is no longer facing his community. To lose a city, Of to lose a lot of course we them quickly, is like burning New now he like a is York stories; his the people who know its library. did burn our library in San Francisco, more or The less. Loma Prieta earthquake severely damaged the Main Library, pushing forward the long-held plan for a new library. The 1917 Beaux Arts build1989 ing had in any case been too small for the collection for decades. eral surprising things But happened under the direction of chief librarian Dowlin. The new sev- Ken library, built at a cost of about $130 million, actually contained fewer linear feet of shelf space than the old, though the building was far larger.


Coastal California by Lonely Planet

1960s counterculture, airport security, Albert Einstein, Asilomar, back-to-the-land, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, buy and hold, California gold rush, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, Donner party, East Village, El Camino Real, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Frank Gehry, global village, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute cuisine, illegal immigration, Joan Didion, Khyber Pass, Kickstarter, Loma Prieta earthquake, low cost airline, Mason jar, McMansion, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, stealth mode startup, Steve Wozniak, trade route, transcontinental railway, Upton Sinclair, urban sprawl, white picket fence, women in the workforce, working poor, Works Progress Administration, young professional, Zipcar

Ferry Building HISTORIC BUILDING (www.ferrybuildingmarketplace.com; Embarcadero) Slackers have the right idea at the Ferry Building, the transport hub turned gourmet emporium where no one’s in a hurry to leave. Boat traffic tapered off after the grand hall and clock tower were built in 1898, and by the 1950s the building was literally overshadowed by a freeway overpass. But after the freeway collapsed in the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake , the city revived the Ferry Building as a tribute to San Francisco’s monumental good taste. On weekends the Ferry Building Farmers Market (see the boxed text Click here) fans out around the south end of the building like a fabulous garnish. UNION SQUARE Powell St Cable Car Turnaround CABLE CAR Pause at Powell and Market to notice operators leap out of a century-old cable car, and slooowly turn it around on a revolving wooden platform by hand.

July 17, 1955 In Anaheim, Disneyland opens to guests and bad press, as crowds swarm the theme park, plumbing breaks, temperatures soar over 100°F (38°C) and ladies’ high-heeled shoes sink into the still-soft asphalt. 1969 UCLA professor Len Kleinrock sends data from a computer in Los Angeles to another at Stanford University, typing just two characters before the system crashes. The internet is born. 1977 San Francisco Supervisor Harvey Milk becomes the first openly gay man elected to US public office. Milk sponsors a gay-rights bill before his 1978 murder by political opponent Dan White. October 17, 1989 The 6.9-magnitude Loma Prieta Earthquake hits near Santa Cruz, destroying a two-level section of the Interstate 880, collapsing a section of San Francisco’s Bay Bridge and resulting in 63 deaths. 1992 Three of four white police officers charged with beating African American Rodney King are acquitted by a predominantly white jury.

California’s Monster Quakes According to the US Geological Survey, the odds of a magnitude 6.7 or greater earthquake hitting California within the next 30 years is 99.7%. California’s most famous earthquake, in 1906, measured 7.9 on the Richter scale and demolished San Francisco, leaving more than 3000 people dead. The San Francisco Bay Area made headlines again in 1989 when the Loma Prieta earthquake (magnitude 6.9), which lasted just 15 seconds, caused a section of the Bay Bridge and I-880 in Oakland to collapse. Today, you can walk right up to the epicenter of the Loma Prieta quake in Forest of Nisene Marks State Park, south of Santa Cruz. Los Angeles’ last ‘big one’ was in 1994, when the Northridge quake (magnitude 6.7) caused parts of the freeways and the scoreboard at Anaheim Stadium to fall down.


pages: 219 words: 61,720

American Made: Why Making Things Will Return Us to Greatness by Dan Dimicco

2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, American energy revolution, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, Bakken shale, barriers to entry, Bernie Madoff, carbon footprint, clean water, crony capitalism, currency manipulation / currency intervention, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, decarbonisation, fear of failure, full employment, Google Glasses, hydraulic fracturing, invisible hand, job automation, knowledge economy, laissez-faire capitalism, Loma Prieta earthquake, low earth orbit, manufacturing employment, oil shale / tar sands, Ponzi scheme, profit motive, Report Card for America’s Infrastructure, Ronald Reagan, Savings and loan crisis, Silicon Valley, smart grid, smart meter, sovereign wealth fund, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, uranium enrichment, Washington Consensus, Works Progress Administration

-trade agreements. That allowed Canadian and European steel in, but kept cheaper, subsidized Chinese and Russian steel out. The goal of the “Buy American” provision was to avoid a situation similar to one surrounding the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge reconstruction project following the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. Millions of people watched the quake happen on live TV, just as the third game of the World Series was about to get underway. The 6.9 quake caused widespread damage and collapsed part of the double-deck Bay Bridge, killing one driver. Although the bridge reopened about six weeks later, state transportation officials knew the bridge needed to be upgraded or replaced.


pages: 221 words: 68,880

Bikenomics: How Bicycling Can Save the Economy (Bicycle) by Elly Blue

2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, active transport: walking or cycling, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, big-box store, Boris Johnson, business cycle, car-free, hydraulic fracturing, if you build it, they will come, Induced demand, job automation, Loma Prieta earthquake, medical residency, oil shale / tar sands, peak oil, Ponzi scheme, ride hailing / ride sharing, science of happiness, the built environment, Tragedy of the Commons, urban renewal, women in the workforce, working poor, young professional

Part of their concern was cost, with $171 million needed to remove it and rebuild the area. But the real deal breaker was traffic. Business owners feared they would be cut off from customers, and residents feared that freeway traffic would go straight onto the already-congested city streets where they lived. Four years later, the Loma Prieta Earthquake changed everything. The Embarcadero Freeway was so badly damaged that it had to be closed. There were two options for moving forward: Rebuild it, either with another double decker freeway or with a tunnel, or simply remove it. The question was made easier by the fact that a freeway-removal plan already existed and had broad-based support.


pages: 524 words: 67,750

DNS & Bind Cookbook by Cricket Liu

Loma Prieta earthquake

.), Solution, Discussion, Solution double quotes (“), Discussion, Introduction dyn.corp.example (Windows), Solution dynamic updates, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Solution, Discussion, Introduction, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, Problem, See Also, Introduction, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Solution, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also Active Directory, Problem, See Also allowing for zones, Problem, See Also authentication, Problem DHCP servers, Solution, Discussion forwarding, Problem, See Also hidden primary masters, Discussion IXFR and, Discussion logging, Problem, See Also preventing responses, Problem, See Also programmatically, Problem, See Also promoting slaves, Solution reloading zones and, Discussion sending to specific servers, Problem sending TSIG-signed, Problem, See Also services provided, Introduction setting prerequisites, Problem, See Also signing programmatically, Problem, See Also source ports and, Discussion Windows, Introduction, Discussion, Problem, See Also zone data file, Discussion zones, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also E Eagle Geocoder (Etak), Discussion EHLO (extended HELLO) SMTP commands, Solution electronic mail, Problem (see email) email, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also anti-spam tests, Problem, See Also backup mail server, Problem, See Also configuring based on, Problem, See Also email address, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Problem, See Also administrative contacts, Solution MX records and, Discussion RDATA field and, Solution RNAME field contents, Solution virtual, Problem, See Also errors, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Discussion detecting for zone data, Discussion named-checkconf program, Solution named-checkzone program, Solution named.conf file and, Solution updates by Windows computers, Discussion , Solution (see also troubleshooting) Etak (Eagle Geocoder), Discussion exec command, Solution expire value (SOA record), Solution explicit TTL, Solution, Solution extended HELLO, Solution (see EHLO) F Fatsis, Stefan, Preface file channels, Solution file descriptors, Discussion file log channels, Solution file servers, Solution, Discussion file substatement, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution configuring slaves, Solution curly braces, Discussion size argument, Solution versions argument, Solution zone statement, Solution “template” zone data file, Solution files, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Problem, See Also corruption cautions, Discussion journal files, Discussion logging to specific, Problem, See Also named.conf file, Problem, See Also ownership and permission, Solution filesystem, Discussion, Solution filtering host tables, Problem, See Also firewalls, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Solution configuring with name servers, Problem, See Also port translation, Discussion upgrading BIND versions, Solution fixed order, Solution flushing caches, Problem forward options substatement, Discussion forward-mapping, Solution, Solution, Solution, Introduction, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Problem, See Also A records and, Solution Active Directory, Solution, Discussion adding hosts, Solution anti-spam tests, Solution creating zones, Solution delegation, Introduction h2n tool, Solution IPv6 interface, Problem, See Also subdomains, Discussion TXT RRs, Discussion Windows registration, Discussion , Solution (see also reverse-mapping) forwarders substatement, Introduction, Solution, Discussion, Solution forwarding, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also dynamic updates, Problem, See Also queries, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also FreeBSD, Solution, Solution, Solution freeze command (rndc program), Discussion FTP servers, Solution Fuhr, Michael, Solution G general category, Solution getopt( ) method, Discussion Global Name Service (GNS), Solution glue fetching, Discussion glue record, Solution (see A records) GNS (Global Name Service), Solution group IDs, Solution, Discussion gTLDs, Solution H h2n tool, Solution halt command (BIND 9), Discussion hash values, Discussion heartbeat intervals, Solution, Discussion heartbeat-interval options substatement, Discussion HELO SMTP commands, Solution HMAC-MD5 algorithm, Solution “Host” header (HTTP), Discussion host tables, Problem, See Also host.conf file, Discussion, Discussion hosts, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Solution, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also adding, Problem, See Also, Problem, Problem, See Also with IPv6 interface, Problem, See Also multihomed, Problem migrating domain names, Solution moving, Problem, See Also, Discussion registration restrictions, Discussion sending syslog output to other, Problem, See Also storing location in zone data, Problem, See Also HP-UX operating system, Solution HTTP “Host” header, Discussion I IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority), Solution ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers), Solution IETF, Introduction IMAP mail servers, Solution IN (Internet) class, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution default class, Discussion default view, Solution for zones, Solution queryperf and, Discussion update add command, Solution in-addr.arpa, Solution, Solution, Discussion include statement, Solution, Discussion incremental zone transfers, Problem (see IXFRs) inet control channel, Solution, Discussion, Solution inet controls substatement, Solution, Solution, Discussion Internet, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion authoritative name server example, Discussion dedicated connectivity, Discussion hotel access services, Discussion IPv6 servers and, Discussion as resource, Discussion Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), Solution Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), Solution Internet Software Consortium, Solution (see ISC) IP addresses, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Problem, See Also, Solution, Problem, See Also, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Problem, Problem, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Problem, See Also adding hosts, Solution allow-query substatements, Solution allow-transfer substatements, Discussion anti-spam tests, Solution delegating reverse-mapping, Problem, Problem domain name registration, Solution inet substatement argument, Solution Internet access services, Discussion listen-on substatement and, Discussion looking up records with dig, Solution mail servers and, Discussion mapping, Problem, See Also, Solution masters substatement, Discussion, Solution migrating domain names, Solution multiple A records, Solution name servers, Solution preventing querying, Solution returning answers dependent on, Problem, See Also reverse-mapping with dig tool, Problem, See Also server command arguments, Discussion slave name servers, Solution URLs, Solution web servers, Solution, Discussion zone statement component, Solution zone transfers, Discussion IPv6, Problem, Solution, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, See Also adding hosts with, Problem, See Also listening for queries, Problem, See Also rndc and, See Also sending queries from, Problem, See Also specifying, Solution Irix operating system, Solution ISC (Internet Software Consortium), Solution, Solution, Discussion, Discussion BIND vulnerabilities, Solution deprecating BIND 4, Discussion DHCP server, Discussion web site for, Solution ISPs, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion name server registration, Solution reverse-mapping domains, Solution reverse-mapping zones, Discussion slave name service, Solution IXFRs (incremental zone transfers), Solution, Problem, Solution, See Also J journal files, Discussion journalprint program, Discussion K Kalnozols, Andris, Discussion key command (nsupdate), Discussion key keyword, Solution KEY records, Solution key statement, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution adding, Discussion defining TSIG key, Solution, Solution DHCP server updates, Solution name servers, Solution, Solution keys, Introduction, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Solution BIND 9 and, Introduction controlling multiple processes, Discussion generating, Discussion, Solution rndc-confgen program, Discussion , Discussion (see also Registry keys TSIG keys) L labels, Discussion, Discussion, Problem lame delegation, Discussion, Discussion Linux operating system, Solution, Discussion listen-on options substatement, Solution, Solution, Solution listen-on-v6 substatement, Solution, Solution, Discussion listening, Solution, Solution, Problem, Problem, See Also for control messages, Solution on IPv6 interface, Problem, See Also name servers, Problem TCP socket and, Solution LMHOSTS file, Solution load balancing, Discussion LOC records, Solution, Discussion log files, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, See Also deleting, Discussion, Discussion rotating, Problem, See Also logging, Solution, Solution, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also dynamic updates, Problem, See Also to particular file, Problem, See Also queries, Solution syntax errors in zone data file, Solution syslog output to other hosts, Problem, See Also logging statement, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution BIND version differences, Solution category substatement, Solution, Solution channel substatement, Solution named.conf file, Solution, Solution M mail destinations, Problem, See Also, Problem, Discussion, Solution, Problem, See Also accepting mail, Discussion adding, Problem, See Also backup mail servers, Problem MX records and, Solution virtual, Problem, See Also mail servers, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Solution A records and, Discussion anti-spam tests, Problem, See Also configuring, Discussion configuring backup, Problem, See Also configuring multiple, Problem, See Also domain names, Discussion, Discussion, Solution MX records and, Solution, Solution routing mail, Problem, See Also mailing lists, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Discussion , Solution (see also newsgroups) Makefile.set file, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Discussion many-answers zone transfers, Discussion, Solution mapping, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution domain names, Solution passing anti-spam tests, Solution PTR records and, Discussion root name server, Solution Windows computers, Discussion, Solution , Solution (see also forward-mapping reverse-mapping) masks, Discussion, Problem, See Also master name servers, See Also (see primary master name servers) master zones, Solution (see primary master zones) masters substatement, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution alternate ports, Solution configuring slaves, Solution, Solution IP address, Discussion, Solution promoting slaves, Solution setting up backups, Solution match-clients substatement, Solution, Discussion max-cache-size substatement, Discussion, Discussion max-cache-ttl substatement, Discussion, Discussion max-ixfr-log-size substatement, Solution, Discussion, Discussion max-ncache-ttl substatement, Discussion max-transfer-idle-in substatement, Solution max-transfer-time-in substatement, Solution memory, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, Discussion, Discussion cached data and, Discussion determining needs, Problem limiting for name servers, Discussion, Problem, See Also recursive queries and, Discussion message IDs, Solution messages, Solution, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also determining categories for, Problem, See Also discarding based on categories, Problem, See Also Unix domain socket, Solution , Discussion (see also control messages NOTIFY messages) Microsoft DNS Server, Discussion, Introduction, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also $GENERATE control statement, Discussion accommodating slaves, Problem, See Also configuring BIND slaves, Problem, See Also saving clients, Introduction min-refresh-time substatement, Solution, Discussion min-retry-time substatement, Solution, Discussion MNAME field (SOA record), Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Discussion dynamic updates, Discussion, Discussion hidden primary masters, Discussion limiting NOTIFY messages, Discussion nsupdate program, Discussion promoting slaves, Solution specifics, Solution mon package, Solution multiple views, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Discussion flushing caches, Discussion refreshing zones with, Discussion slave name servers with, Problem, See Also MX records, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution anti-spam tests, Solution backup mail servers, Solution, Solution domain names, Solution dynamic updates, Solution functionality, Discussion mail servers, Discussion mailers and, Solution moving hosts, Discussion multiple mail servers, Solution, Discussion preference values, Solution, Discussion virtual email addresses, Solution N name checking, Discussion, Discussion name collisions, Discussion name IDs, Solution name resolution, Discussion, Solution, Introduction, Problem dig +trace option, Solution dig tool, Introduction, Problem forwarding queries and, Discussion name servers, Solution, Problem, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, Solution, Problem, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, Problem, Discussion, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, Introduction, Introduction, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Introduction, Problem, See Also, Solution, Solution, Problem, See Also, Solution, Problem, See Also $TTL control statement, Solution alternate ports, Problem, See Also caching negative answers, Solution caching-only, Problem, See Also changing for zones, Problem chroot( ) environment, Problem, See Also concealing versions, Problem, See Also configuring, Problem, See Also configuring with firewalls, Problem, See Also controlling named process, Problem, See Also controlling processes with ndc, Problem, See Also creating zones programmatically, Problem, See Also disabling caching, Problem editing cautions, Discussion finding query source, Problem, See Also forwarding queries, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also handling Active Directory, Problem, See Also illegal domain names, Discussion lame name servers, Solution limiting concurrent TCP clients, Problem, See Also limiting memory, Discussion, Problem, See Also limiting recursive queries, Discussion listening on IPv6 interface, Problem, See Also listening on network interfaces, Problem looking up records with dig, Solution manual changes example, Solution measuring queries received, Problem, See Also modifying zone data, Problem, See Also monitoring, Problem moving, Problem, See Also named.conf file, Problem, See Also non-BIND, Introduction order of answers, Problem, Solution performance measurement, Problem, See Also points of failure, Discussion preventing response, Problem, See Also recursive queries and, Introduction registration, Solution, Problem resource record caching, Problem, See Also restarting automatically, Problem, See Also restricting queries answered, Problem, See Also returning answers, Problem, See Also returning default records, Problem, See Also root hints file, Problem rotating log files, Problem, See Also round robin support, Discussion running other than root, Problem, See Also securing zone transfers, Problem, See Also security, Introduction sequence space arithmetic, Discussion starting, Problem, See Also stopping, Problem, See Also subdomains, Discussion testing configuration, Discussion, Problem, See Also testing to include A records, Discussion troubleshooting reloading, Solution , See Also (see also authoritative name servers BIND 8 name servers BIND 9 name servers BIND name servers primary master name servers remote name servers root name servers slave name servers) named process, Solution, Solution, Solution, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Solution, Solution --u command-line option, Solution -v option, Solution controlling, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also determining BIND versions, Solution file descriptor limits, Discussion memory and, Discussion starting at boot time, Problem, See Also starting name servers, Solution troubleshooting named.conf file, Solution named-bootconf.sh, Solution named-checkconf program (BIND 9), Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution named-checkzone program (BIND 9), Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution named.boot file, Solution named.conf file, Problem, See Also, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Introduction, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution adding or removing zones, Solution authoritative name servers, Solution BIND 8/9 format, Solution BIND version differences, Discussion category substatement, Solution channel substatement, Solution check-names substatement (zone), Solution chroot( ) environment, Solution controls statement, Discussion, Solution, Solution converting master to slave, Discussion creating, Problem, See Also, Solution dividing into multiple files, Problem, See Also hidden primary masters, Solution inet controls statement, Solution loading root zones, Solution logging statement, Solution, Solution multiple zone statements in, Solution name servers, Solution named-checkconf program, Solution named.boot file, Solution primary master, Solution reverse-mapping, Discussion slave root name servers, Solution slaves, Solution starting named automatically, Solution syntactical rules, Introduction testing configuration, Solution troubleshooting syntax errors, Problem, See Also TSIG keys, Solution, Solution “template” zone data files, Solution named.root file, Solution named.stats file, Solution, Solution nameserver directive (resolv.conf file), Solution naming conventions, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution functional names, Solution TSIG keys, Solution zone data files, Discussion, Solution, Discussion naming services, Problem, See Also nanny.pl, Solution, Discussion NBT queries, Solution, Discussion ndc dumpdb (BIND 8), Solution, Solution ndc program, Solution, Solution, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Discussion configuring name servers, Problem, See Also controlling multiple processes, Problem, See Also starting name servers, Solution stopping name servers, Solution Unix domain socket, Discussion ndc reconfig command (BIND 8), Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution ndc reload command (BIND 8), Discussion, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution ndc stats command (BIND 8), Solution ndc stop command (BIND 8), Discussion, Solution negative caching time (SOA record), Solution NETBIOS query, Solution network interfaces, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Problem, Solution inet substatement argument, Solution multihomed hosts, Solution name servers listening on, Problem preventing Windows updates, Solution testing file server, Discussion network masks, Discussion, Solution Network Solutions, Solution Network Time Protocol, Solution (see NTP) networks, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem preventing response, Problem, See Also resolvers sorting addresses, Problem reverse-mapping, Problem, See Also Net\:\:DNS module, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution dnswalk, Solution looking up records, Solution signing with TSIG, Solution updating zones, Solution zone transfers, Solution newsgroups, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion BIND building problems, Discussion choosing registrars, Discussion subscribing, Discussion Usenet address, Solution , Solution (see also mailing lists) NIS (Network Information Service), Problem, See Also NIS+, Solution Nominum, Solution non-octet masks, Problem, See Also nonrecursive name servers, Problem (see authoritative name servers) notify explicit substatement, Solution, Solution, Solution NOTIFY messages, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Discussion authoritative name servers, Discussion configuring slaves, Discussion firewalls, Solution limiting, Problem, See Also notify-source substatement, Discussion picking up new zone version, Solution preventing responses, Problem, See Also purpose of, Solution slave name servers, Solution stealth slaves, Discussion, Discussion zone changes, Solution zone transfers, Discussion notify substatement, Solution notify-source substatement, Discussion, Discussion notify-source-v6 substatement, Discussion NS records, Discussion, Discussion, Introduction, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Problem, Discussion, See Also, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution $GENERATE control statement, Discussion adding, Solution adding delegation to zones, Solution alias restrictions, Discussion authoritative name servers, Discussion changing zone’s name servers, Solution delegating subdomains, Solution, Solution dig +trace option, Solution dynamic updates, Solution filtering host tables, Solution glue fetching, Discussion handling Windows registration, Solution hidden primary masters, Solution, Discussion looking up, Discussion max-cache-ttl settings, Discussion migrating domain names, Solution moving hosts, Discussion name resolution, Solution name servers, Discussion, Solution RDATA subfields, Introduction root name servers, Solution slave name servers, Problem, Discussion, See Also, Discussion stealth slaves, Solution stub zones, Discussion, Discussion zone data files, Discussion “template” zone data files, Solution nsswitch.conf file (resolver service order), Solution nsupdate program, See Also, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion BIND 8, Solution command-line options, Solution debug option, Discussion dynamic updates, Solution, Solution modifying zones, See Also setting prerequisites, Solution Windows registration, Discussion NTP (Network Time Protocol), Discussion, Solution, Discussion null channel, Solution NXDOMAIN (negative answer), Solution, Discussion, Discussion NXT records, Solution, Solution O one-answer zone transfers, Solution, Solution operating systems, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Solution BIND versions, Solution precompiled binaries, Discussion precompiled BIND, Solution recommended working directories, Discussion resolver service order, Solution setting local domain name, Discussion starting named automatically, Solution support concerns, Discussion , Solution (see also specific systems) options attempts directive, Discussion options statement, Solution, Solution, Introduction, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution additional-from-auth substatement, Solution allow-query substatement, Solution, Solution allow-recursion substatement, Solution, Solution allow-transfer substatement, Solution also-notify substatement, Solution BIND 9, Introduction blackhole substatement, Solution check-names substatement, Discussion configuring name servers, Solution contents of, Solution datasize substatement, Discussion default-server substatement, Solution, Solution forwarders substatement, Discussion heartbeat-interval substatement, Discussion, Discussion listen-on-v6 substatement, Solution max-ixfr-log-size substatement, Solution named.conf file and, Solution notify substatement, Solution, Solution notify-source substatement, Discussion pid-file substatement, Discussion, Solution query-source substatement, Discussion, Discussion recursion substatement, Solution recursive-clients substatement, Solution rndc.conf file, Discussion sortlist substatement, Solution tcp-clients substatement, Solution transfer-format substatement, Solution, Solution transfer-in substatement, Solution transfer-source substatement, Discussion, Discussion transfers-out substatement, Solution, Solution use-id-pool substatement, Solution version substatement, Solution zone-statistics substatement, Solution options timeout directive, Solution org domain, Solution P parent domains, Solution, Discussion parent zones, Discussion, Solution parentheses (), Solution passwd file, Discussion, Solution performance, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Discussion C language and, Discussion name servers, Problem, See Also queries received, Problem, See Also pid-file options substatement, Discussion, Solution pinging, Discussion points of failure, Discussion POP mail servers, Solution port argument (query-source-v6 substatement), Discussion port server substatement, Discussion ports, Solution, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion BIND 4 UDP traffic, Solution configuring firewalls, Solution control messages, Discussion listen-on-v6 statement, Discussion ndc program, Solution running name servers to alternate, Problem, See Also transfer-source substatement and, Discussion precompiled versions for BIND, Problem, See Also preference values, Solution, Discussion, Discussion prereq command, Solution primary DNS suffix (Microsoft), Solution primary master name servers, Problem, See Also, Solution, Introduction, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Solution, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also backups, Discussion, Problem, See Also check-names substatement, Discussion configuring, Problem, See Also, Solution hidden, Problem, See Also IXFRs, Problem, See Also MNAME field, Solution, Discussion promoting slaves, Problem, See Also running multiple, Problem, See Also slaves with multiple views, Solution transfers-out options substatement, Solution zone data files, Introduction zone transfers, Discussion primary master zones, Discussion, Discussion, Solution print-category substatement, Discussion print-severity substatement, Discussion print-time channel substatement, Discussion process IDs, Discussion programming, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also dynamic updates to zones, Problem, See Also looking up records, Problem, See Also signing with TSIG, Problem, See Also PTR records, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Introduction, Discussion $GENERATE control statement, Solution, Discussion abbreviating, Discussion adding hosts, Solution anti-spam tests, Solution cautions adding, Discussion delegating reverse-mapping, Solution, Solution DHCP servers, Solution, Solution dig tool, Solution domain names, Solution filtering host tables, Solution IPv6, Introduction looking up, Discussion mapping, Discussion multihomed hosts, Solution TTLs, Solution punctuation, Discussion, Discussion Q queries, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, Discussion, See Also, Discussion, Solution, Problem, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Solution, Problem, See Also, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also aliases and, Discussion default timeouts, Solution determining dig variety, Discussion dig +trace option, Solution dumping statistics, Discussion expire value, Solution forwarding, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also IP addresses, Problem, See Also IPv6 address, Problem, See Also limiting TCP clients, Discussion listening on IPv6 interface, Problem, See Also logging, Solution, Discussion, Discussion mail server considerations, Discussion measuring, Discussion, Problem, See Also NBT queries, Solution, Discussion NETBIOS query, Solution not forwarding, Problem, See Also preventing responses, Problem, See Also refresh queries, Solution, Discussion remote name servers, Problem, See Also restricting, Solution, Problem, See Also signing with TSIG, Problem, See Also slave name servers, Discussion sortlists, Solution TXT records, Discussion version.bind, Problem wildcard domain names, Discussion , Discussion (see also recursive queries) query tools, Solution query-source substatement, Discussion, Discussion query-source-v6 options substatement, Solution, Discussion queryperf (BIND 9), Discussion, Discussion, Discussion R random order, Solution, Solution RDATA field, Solution, Introduction, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution AAAA records, Solution LOC records, Discussion PTR records, Solution SOA records, Solution subfields in, Introduction TXT records, Discussion rdate service, Discussion rdist program, Solution, Discussion README file, Solution reconfig command, Discussion records, Problem, See Also, Solution, Problem, Problem, See Also, See Also, Problem, See Also, Solution, Solution, Problem, See Also adding, Solution adding similar, Problem, See Also deleting, Solution looking up with dig, Problem, See Also measuring query performance, Problem, See Also record type, Solution returning default, Problem, Problem, See Also, See Also recursion options substatement, Solution, Solution recursive name service, Introduction recursive queries, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Introduction, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion accepting, Discussion controlling addresses, Solution dig tool, Discussion dumping statistics, Discussion limitations for, Introduction limiting concurrent, Discussion local networks, Discussion processing, Discussion query logging, Discussion resolvers, Discussion spoofing attacks, Discussion recursive-clients options substatement (BIND 9), Solution Red Hat Linux 7.3, Solution referrals, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion dig +trace option, Solution, Solution dumping statistics, Discussion tracing name resolution, Solution, Discussion refresh queries, Solution, Discussion refresh times, Solution, Solution refresh value (SOA record), Solution registrant, Solution registrars, Solution, Problem, See Also, Solution, Discussion, Solution changing zone’s name servers, Solution choosing, Solution moving name servers, Solution, Discussion transferring domain names, Problem, See Also registration, Problem, See Also, Solution, Problem, Problem, See Also, Introduction, Discussion, Problem, See Also BIND servers and Windows, Problem, See Also checking for domain names, Problem, See Also costs of, Solution delegation and, Introduction name servers, Problem preventing Windows updates, Discussion reverse-mapping domains, Problem, See Also registration authority, Solution, Solution, Discussion Registry keys, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution Domain Controller, Discussion preventing Windows updates, Solution resolver service order, Solution resolvers sorting addresses, Solution Reinhardt, Chris, Solution relative paths, Solution, Solution remote name servers, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, Problem, Problem authentication, Problem authoritative name servers, Discussion illegal domain names, Discussion preventing querying of, Problem querying, Problem rndc program, Problem, See Also resolv.conf file, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution domain directive, Solution, Discussion nameserver directive, Solution options timeout directive, Solution search directive, Solution sortlist directive, Solution resolver configuration window, Solution, Solution, Solution resolvers, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Solution, Introduction, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Introduction, Problem, See Also, Problem, Problem, Problem, Solution, See Also, Problem, See Also appending multiple domain names, Problem authoritative name servers, Discussion caching name server, Solution changing timeout, Problem, See Also configuration directives, Introduction disabling recursion, Discussion domain names, Solution finding query source, Problem, See Also forwarding timeouts, Discussion illegal domain names, Discussion listen-on substatement, Discussion naming services order, Problem, See Also query remote servers, Problem, See Also recursive queries, Introduction resource for, Solution restricting queries, Solution slaves and, Discussion sorting addresses, Problem , Solution (see also BIND resolvers Windows resolvers) resource records, Discussion, Introduction, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Solution, Solution, Problem, See Also abbreviating, Discussion BIND 4 slaves, Solution formats, Introduction looking up programmatically, Problem, See Also naming zone data files, Solution organizing, Problem, See Also preventing caching, Problem, See Also round robin default order, Discussion rrset-order options substatement, Solution whitespaces, Discussion zone data file, Discussion responses, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, Discussion, Solution check-names substatement, Discussion DNS messages, Discussion, Solution illegal domain names, Discussion sorting multiple addresses, Problem restart command, Solution restarting, Discussion, Problem, Problem, See Also retry times, Solution retry value (SOA record), Solution reverse-mapping, Problem, See Also, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Introduction, Problem, See Also, Problem, Solution, Solution, See Also, Problem, See Also, Solution, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Solution adding hosts, Solution, Solution, Problem, See Also with IPv6 interface, Problem, See Also addresses with dig, Problem, See Also anti-spam tests, Solution cautions with multiple, Discussion configuring slaves, Solution creating zones, Solution delegating subdomains, Problem, See Also delegating zones, Solution, Introduction domain names, Solution handling, Solution network table, Solution non-octet masks, Problem, See Also PTR records, Discussion registering domains, Problem, See Also smaller networks, Problem, See Also Windows registration, Discussion , Solution (see also forward-mapping) RFC 1101, Discussion RFC 1886, See Also RFC 1918, Solution RFC 2317, Discussion, See Also, Discussion RFCs, Solution RIPE registry, Discussion, Discussion RNAME field (SOA record), Solution rndc (remote name daemon controller) program, Solution, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also configuring name servers, Problem, See Also controlling named process, Problem, See Also freeze and unfreeze commands, Discussion remote name servers, Problem, See Also stopping name servers, Solution using over IPv6, Problem, See Also rndc dumpdb command (BIND 9), Solution rndc exec command (BIND 9), Solution rndc flush command (BIND 9), Solution rndc flush viewname command (BIND 9), Discussion, Discussion rndc flushname command (BIND 9), Discussion, Discussion rndc freeze command (BIND 9), Solution rndc reconfig command (BIND 9), Solution, Solution, Solution rndc refresh command (BIND 9), Solution, Solution, Discussion rndc reload command (BIND 9), Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution rndc restart command (BIND 9), Solution rndc stats command (BIND 9), Solution, Solution rndc status command (BIND 9), Solution rndc stop command (BIND 9), Discussion, Solution rndc unfreeze command (BIND 9), Solution rndc-confgen program, Solution, Solution rndc.conf file, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution BIND 9, Solution configuring name servers, Solution default-server options substatement, Solution key statement, Discussion server statement, Discussion, Discussion setting up rndc, Discussion root hints file, Solution, Problem, Solution, Solution BIND 8 name server, Solution caching name server, Solution replacing, Solution updating, Problem root name servers, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion dig +trace option, Solution, Solution IPv6 interfaces, Discussion name resolution, Solution root hints file, Solution, Discussion setting up, Problem, See Also unnecessary queries, Discussion root zone, Solution, Solution, Solution round robin, Problem, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion routers, Discussion rrset-order options substatement, Solution rsync program, Solution S SAns (sent answers), Solution scp program, Solution search directive (resolv.conf file), Solution security, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Introduction, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, Discussion allow-update substatement, Discussion authoritative name servers, Problem, See Also BIND 8 and 9 improvements, Discussion BIND 8 inet control channels, Discussion caching name servers, Problem, See Also chroot( ) environment, Problem, See Also concealing name server version, Problem, See Also configuring firewalls, Problem, See Also hidden primary masters, Problem, See Also nsupdate command --y option, Discussion preventing responses, Problem, See Also restricting queries answered, Problem, See Also running other than root, Problem, See Also securing zone transfers, Problem, See Also spoofing attacks, Problem stealth slaves, Problem, See Also system-level precautions, Introduction security category, Discussion, Discussion semicolon (;), Introduction, Solution send command (nsupdate), Discussion sequence space arithmetic, Discussion serial numbers, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Problem, Discussion, See Also, Problem, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion expire value, Solution incrementing, Discussion notifying changes, Problem resetting, Problem, See Also retry values, Solution RNAME field, Solution sequence space arithmetic, Discussion SOA record format, Solution stub zones, Discussion zone transfers, Discussion server command, Solution server statement, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, See Also, Solution, Solution, Solution BIND 4 slaves, Solution controlling multiple processes, Discussion IXFRs and, Solution Microsoft DNS Server slaves, Solution preventing querying, Solution purpose of, Discussion rndc.conf file, See Also SERVFAIL responses, Discussion services, Solution, Solution, Problem, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Solution between hosts, Discussion easy to find, Problem, Discussion Network Solutions, Solution registrar pricing, Solution resolver service order, Solution slave name service, Solution time synchronization, Discussion set port command (nslookup), Discussion shell scripts, Solution SIG records, Solution, Solution SIGINT signal, Discussion signing, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, See Also control messages, Discussion forwarding dynamic updates, Discussion programmatically with TSIG, Problem, See Also sign_tsig method (Net\:\:DNS), Solution SIGTERM signal, Discussion, Discussion size argument (file substatement), Solution slash (/), Solution, Solution slave name servers, Problem, See Also, Introduction, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Solution, Problem, See Also, Solution, Solution, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also BIND 4 accommodating, Problem, See Also check-names substatement, Discussion configuring, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Discussion dynamic updates, Problem finding offsite, Problem, See Also hidden primary masters, Solution IXFRs, Problem, See Also Microsoft DSN Server, Problem, See Also with multiple views, Problem, See Also named.conf files, Solution not listing, Discussion NOTIFY messages, Solution, Problem promoting, Problem, See Also protecting from abuse, Problem, See Also running Microsoft DNS Server, Problem, See Also setting up backups, Solution SOA records, Solution stealth slaves, Discussion, Problem, See Also transferring zone data, Introduction transfers-in options substatement, Solution zone transfers, Discussion, Solution, Solution slave zones, Discussion, Solution, Solution SMTP commands, Solution SMTP mail servers, Solution SOA records, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Introduction, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion dynamic updates, Solution, Discussion host tables, Solution journalprint example, Discussion max-ncache-ttl substatement, Discussion MNAME field, Solution, Discussion, Discussion negative caching time, Solution network masks, Discussion nsupdate program, Discussion RDATA subfields, Introduction registration example, Solution root zones, Solution sample, Solution serial numbers, Solution, Discussion stub zones, Discussion updating zones programmatically, Discussion Windows registration, Solution zone data file, Discussion zone transfers, Discussion “template” zone data files, Solution Solaris operating system, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution precompiled BIND 9.2.1, Solution resolver service order, Solution starting named automatically, Solution Unix domain sockets, Discussion sortlist, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Discussion sortlist directive (resolv.conf file), Solution sortlist substatement, Solution, Solution, Discussion spam, anti-spam tests, Problem, See Also spoofing attacks, Discussion, Discussion, Problem square brackets ([]), Introduction SRV records, Introduction, Solution, Problem, Discussion adding, Introduction BIND 4 slaves, Solution dynamic updates, Problem underscores, Discussion SSL server certificates, Solution startup scripts, Problem, See Also statistics, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution dumping, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution with rndc stats, Solution, Solution measuring for zones, Solution, Solution stealth slaves, Discussion, Problem, See Also stub zones, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion subdomains, Problem, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, See Also, Solution delegating, Problem, Problem, See Also delegating reverse-mapping, Solution intrazone domain names, Problem, See Also reverse-mapping zones, See Also subnets, Problem, Solution, Solution subzones, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion Sun NIS, Problem, See Also Sun NIS+, Solution synchronization, Solution, Discussion, Discussion syntax, Discussion, Solution, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also importance of punctuation, Discussion troubleshooting errors, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also zone data files, Solution syslog channel, Solution, Discussion syslog facility daemon, Discussion, Solution syslog output, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Problem, See Also, Solution BIND versions, Solution, Solution illegal domain names, Solution logging dynamic updates, Solution query logging, Solution recursive queries limit message, Discussion sending to other hosts, Problem, See Also TCP client limit message, Discussion testing name server configuration, Solution troubleshooting named.conf file, Solution Windows computer updates, Discussion syslog.conf file, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Discussion syslogd command, Solution T tables, host, Problem, See Also TCP, Solution, Solution, Problem, Problem, Discussion, See Also, See Also, Solution, Discussion configuring firewalls, Solution inet control channel, Solution limiting concurrent clients, Problem, Problem, See Also, See Also queries, Discussion, Discussion rndc support, Solution tcp-clients options substatement (BIND 9), Solution testing, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Discussion anti-spam tests, Problem, See Also including A records, Discussion name server configuration, Discussion, Problem, See Also Thomas, Rob, Discussion time synchronization, Discussion time to live, Discussion (see TTL) timeout keyword, Solution timeouts, Discussion, Problem, See Also timestamps, Discussion, Discussion tld.whois-server.net, Solution TLDs (top-level domains), Problem, Solution, Solution, Discussion ccTLDs, Solution getting list of, Problem gTLDs, Solution subdomain delegation, Discussion top tool, Solution top-level domains, Problem (see TLDs) +trace option (dig), Solution transfer-format substatement, Solution, Solution transfer-source substatement, Discussion, Discussion transfer-source-v6 substatement, Discussion transfers-in substatement, Solution transfers-out substatement, Solution, Discussion troubleshooting, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also syntax error in named.conf file, Problem, See Also zone data files, Problem, See Also TSIG keys, Discussion, Solution, Problem, Solution, See Also, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution allow-query substatements and, Discussion allow-transfer substatements, Discussion defining, Problem, Solution, See Also DHCP servers, Solution, Solution dnssec-keygen program, Solution keyname field, Discussion specifying, Solution zone transfers, Discussion TSIG-signed requests, Solution, Problem, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Introduction, Discussion dig tool, Introduction dynamic updates, Solution, Problem, Discussion, Problem, See Also programmatically, Problem, See Also zone transfers, Discussion, Discussion TTL (time to live), Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion $GENERATE control statement, Discussion $TTL control statement, Solution A records, Discussion cached records, Discussion explicitTTL, Solution, Solution max-ncache-ttl substatement, Discussion moving hosts, Solution name servers, Solution, Solution resource record caching, Solution specifying programmatically, Discussion zero values, Discussion TXT records, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, Discussion BIND versions, Discussion DHCP servers, Discussion queries, Discussion RDATA field, Discussion version.bind, Problem type substatement, Discussion, Discussion, Solution U UDP, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution BIND 4 and, Solution, Solution configuring firewalls, Solution dynamic updates, Discussion queries, Discussion stealth slaves, Discussion UltraDNS, Solution underscore (_), Discussion, Discussion unfreeze command (rndc program), Discussion unix control channel, Solution, Discussion, Solution Unix domain socket, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion Unix operating systems, Solution, Discussion unix substatement, Solution unlimited keyword, Discussion update add command, Solution update category, Solution update command (nsupdate), Solution, Solution, Solution update delete command, Solution update forwarding command, Discussion update-policy substatement, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution update-security category, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion upgrades, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also from BIND 4, Problem, See Also to BIND 9, Problem, See Also BIND versions, Solution restarting daemons, Solution support concerns, Discussion URLs, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also pointing domain names to, Problem, See Also routing to web servers, Problem, See Also without www, Discussion use-id-pool options substatement, Solution Usenet newsgroup, Solution user ID, Solution, Solution V vendor support, Solution, Discussion version options substatement, Solution versions, Problem, See Also, Problem, Discussion, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also BIND, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also concealing, Problem, See Also getting precompiled, Problem, See Also TXT records and, Discussion versions argument (file substatement), Solution view statement, Solution, Discussion, Discussion W web browsers, Solution, Solution web servers, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Solution changing registration, Discussion configuring, Problem, See Also domain names, Solution IP addresses, Discussion pointing to, Problem, See Also virtual host facility, Discussion web sites, Solution, Discussion, Solution functional domain names, Solution links to registrars, Solution publishing URLs without www, Discussion whitespaces, Discussion whois service, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion wildcard domain names, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion wildcards, Solution Windows 2000 operating system, Solution, Discussion, Introduction, Solution, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion default timeouts for resolvers, Solution DNS Console, Solution dynamic updates, Introduction, Problem, See Also hidden primary masters, Discussion precompiled BIND 9.2.1, Solution preventing updates from, Problem, See Also resolver configuration window, Solution, Solution, Solution resolver service order, Discussion Windows 95 operating system, Solution, Solution Windows 98 operating system, Solution, Solution Windows ME operating system, Solution Windows NT operating system, Solution, Solution, Discussion Windows operating system, Problem, See Also Windows resolvers, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution appending domain names, Solution configuring, Solution, Solution HOSTS and LMHOSTS files, Solution timeouts and, Solution Windows XP operating system, Solution, Introduction, Problem, See Also, Problem, Solution dynamic updates, Introduction, Problem precompiled BIND 9.2.1, Solution preventing updates from, Problem, See Also resolver configuration window, Solution WINS records, Solution WINS-R records, Solution working directories, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution chroot( ) environment, Solution default file location, Discussion name servers, Discussion named.stats file, Solution, Solution naming zone data files, Solution options statement, Solution relative paths, Solution space considerations, Discussion X X Windows, Discussion Z zone data, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Solution, Discussion, Problem, Discussion, See Also, Discussion, Solution, Discussion adding aliases, Problem, See Also adding intrazone domain names, Problem, See Also adding mail destinations, Problem, See Also adding multihomed hosts, Problem, See Also cached records, Discussion changing cautions, Discussion checking, Solution detecting errors, Discussion domain names, Problem, See Also filtering host tables, Problem, See Also hidden primary masters, Discussion making services easy to find, Problem, Discussion manual changes to zones, Problem, See Also modifying, Problem, See Also name servers, Solution root hints file, Problem round robins, Problem, See Also serial numbers, Problem, See Also single file and multiple zones, Problem, See Also storing host location, Problem, See Also URLs, Problem, See Also web servers, Problem, See Also zone data files, Problem, See Also zone data files, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Introduction, Problem, See Also, Solution, Solution, Solution, See Also, Discussion, Problem, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Problem, See Also, Solution adding hosts, Solution, Solution adding MX records, Discussion authorizing edits, Solution backup name, Solution BIND 8/9 format, Solution cleaning up, Discussion corruption cautions, Discussion creating, Problem, See Also creating zones programmatically, Solution double quotes, Discussion editing manually, Problem filtering host tables, Problem, See Also IXFR log file, Discussion modifying data, Solution multiple directories, Problem, See Also multiple zones, Solution, See Also named-checkzone program, Solution naming conventions, Discussion resource records, Introduction responses dependent on address, Solution reverse-mapping, Solution, Solution, Solution serial numbers, Discussion server address, Discussion slave name servers, Discussion specifying in zone statement, Solution subdomains, Solution synchronizing, Solution testing name server configuration, Solution troubleshooting, Problem, See Also zone transfers, Discussion zone statement, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Solution adding multiple, Solution adding or removing zones, Solution allow-query substatement, Solution allow-transfer substatement, Solution allow-update substatement, Solution, Discussion also-notify substatement, Solution, Discussion authoritative name servers, Solution BIND version differences, Discussion bind zone, Solution CHAOSNET view, Solution check-names substatement, Solution, Discussion creating zones programmatically, Solution dialup substatement, Discussion, Discussion dynamic updates, Discussion file substatement, Solution hidden primary masters, Solution name servers on alternate ports, Solution named.conf file, Solution notify substatement, Solution notify-source substatement, Discussion order of, Discussion primary masters, Solution, Discussion reverse-mapping, Discussion, Solution root hints file, Discussion root zones, Solution setting up backups, Solution slave name servers, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution slave root name servers, Solution subdomains, Discussion transfer-source substatement, Discussion type forward, Solution update-policy substatement, Solution, Solution zone transfers, Discussion zone-statistics substatement, Solution “template” zone data files, Solution zone transfers, Problem, See Also, Problem, Problem, See Also, See Also, Discussion, Discussion, Introduction, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Solution, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also backup primary masters, Discussion dig tool and, Problem, See Also initiating, Problem, See Also limiting concurrent, Problem, Problem, See Also, See Also, Discussion, Discussion limiting TCP clients, Discussion programmatically, Problem, See Also securing, Problem, See Also services provided, Introduction transfer-source substatement, Discussion WINS and WINS-R records, Solution zone-statistics substatement, Solution, Solution zones, Solution, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Introduction, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Problem, See Also, Solution, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Solution, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Solution, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Discussion, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Problem, See Also, Solution, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Problem, Discussion, Problem, Solution, Solution, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, Discussion, Solution, Problem, See Also, Solution, Discussion, Problem, Discussion, Solution, Problem, See Also, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion, Problem, See Also adding delegation, Solution adding domain names to subdomains, Solution adding or removing, Problem authoritative for multiple, Problem, See Also changing name servers, Problem checking delegation, Problem, See Also classes, Solution CNAME records, Solution content rules, Solution creating programmatically, Problem, See Also default origins for data files, Discussion domain names, Introduction, Problem, See Also, Solution, Problem dynamic updates, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also finding offsite slaver name server, Problem, See Also limiting concurrent transfers, Problem, See Also manual changes, Problem, See Also measuring queries received, Problem, See Also measuring statistics, Solution, Solution multiple data files, Problem, See Also MX records, Discussion named-checkzone program, Solution negative caching time, Solution NS records, Solution parent zones, Discussion, Solution, Discussion preventing Windows updates, Problem, See Also primary masters, Problem, See Also refreshing with multiple views, Discussion registration, Solution reloading individual, Discussion reverse-mapping, Solution running multiple primary masters, Problem, See Also serial numbers, Problem, See Also single files and multiple, Problem, See Also slave name servers, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also, Problem, See Also slave zones, Discussion, Solution, Solution SOA records, Solution, Solution stealth slaves, Discussion stub zones, Discussion, Discussion, Discussion subzones, Solution, Discussion, Solution, Discussion waiting for transfers, Solution web servers, Problem, See Also “dirty” zones, Discussion About the Author Cricket Liu matriculated at the University of California's Berkeley campus, that great bastion of free speech, unencumbered Unix, and cheap pizza. He joined Hewlett-Packard after graduation and worked for HP for nine years. Cricket began managing the hp.com zone after the Loma Prieta earthquake forcibly transferred the zone's management from HP Labs to HP's Corporate Offices (by cracking a sprinkler main and flooding Labs' computer room). Cricket was hostmaster@hp.com for over three years, and then joined HP's Professional Services Organization to cofound HP's Internet Consulting Program.


Frommer's San Francisco 2012 by Matthew Poole, Erika Lenkert, Kristin Luna

airport security, Albert Einstein, Bay Area Rapid Transit, California gold rush, car-free, centre right, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, El Camino Real, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, Loma Prieta earthquake, Mason jar, Maui Hawaii, McDonald's hot coffee lawsuit, place-making, Port of Oakland, post-work, San Francisco homelessness, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, Torches of Freedom, transcontinental railway, urban renewal, Works Progress Administration, young professional

Unlike most American cities that have evolved in a more measured fashion, San Francisco has been molded politically, socially, and physically by a variety of (literally) earthshaking events. In this chapter, we give you a little rundown on the history of the City by the Bay along with some other useful background on local views and customs. San Francisco Today Shaken but not stirred by the Loma Prieta earthquake in 1989, San Francisco has witnessed a spectacular rebound in recent years. The seaside Embarcadero, once plagued by a horrendously ugly freeway overpass, was revitalized by a multimillion-dollar face-lift, complete with palm trees, a new trolley line, and wide cobblestone walkways. SoMa, the once industrial neighborhood south of Market Street, has exploded with new development, including the beautiful Yerba Buena arts district, the sleek lofts of Mission Bay, and a slew of hip new clubs and cafes.

To the west of Yerba Buena, the bridge is actually two separate suspension bridges, joined at a central anchorage. East of the island is a 1,400-foot cantilever span, followed by a succession of truss bridges. This east span of the bridge is finally being replaced after being damaged in the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake and a years-long fight between city residents, planners, and designers. And it looks even more complex than it sounds. You can drive across the bridge (the toll is $4, paid westbound), or you can catch a bus at the Transbay Terminal (Mission St. at First St.) and ride to downtown Oakland.


pages: 230 words: 71,834

Building the Cycling City: The Dutch Blueprint for Urban Vitality by Melissa Bruntlett, Chris Bruntlett

active transport: walking or cycling, ASML, autonomous vehicles, bike sharing scheme, car-free, crowdsourcing, en.wikipedia.org, Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Bilbao, intermodal, Jones Act, Loma Prieta earthquake, megacity, new economy, oil shale / tar sands, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, starchitect, the built environment, the High Line, transit-oriented development, urban planning, urban renewal, wikimedia commons

(Credit: San Francisco Public Works) In addition to building a better Market Street, the SFMTA is also in the process of enhancing the Embarcadero, the 4.8-kilometer (3-mile), at-grade, bayside corridor that was the site of one of America’s most prominent and dramatic freeway removals, albeit, unlike Utrecht’s careful canal reclamation, not by choice. Built in the car-mad 1960s, the Embarcadero Freeway was an elevated, double-decker monstrosity that partially collapsed during the Loma Prieta earthquake of 1989, suddenly reconnecting downtown San Francisco and the surrounding neighborhoods to the city’s waterfront, including popular attractions like the Ferry Building, Fisherman’s Wharf, and adjacent beaches. In light of the decision-making paralysis that plagues the city, it seemed unlikely politicians would ever slate this highway for demolition, as replacing the structure would have been far too costly.


To Pixar and Beyond by Lawrence Levy

computerized trading, index card, Loma Prieta earthquake, risk tolerance, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, spice trade, Steve Jobs, Wall-E

As the highway split into two directions, one leading through the city toward the Golden Gate Bridge, the other heading onto the Bay Bridge toward Berkeley on the other side of the bay, I moved to the right lanes for the Bay Bridge. The beauty of the city suddenly gave way to the reality of the clogged lanes merging onto the Bay Bridge. As I drove over the aging spans, I couldn’t help but think of the Loma Prieta earthquake that five years earlier, in 1989, had caused part of the bridge to collapse, killing one person among the almost sixty who died in that earthquake. The surreal images of the slice of road that had fallen down from the top part of the bridge became alarmingly fresh as I thought about crossing that bridge every day.


pages: 340 words: 92,904

Street Smart: The Rise of Cities and the Fall of Cars by Samuel I. Schwartz

2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, active transport: walking or cycling, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, autonomous vehicles, car-free, City Beautiful movement, collaborative consumption, congestion charging, crowdsourcing, desegregation, Enrique Peñalosa, Ford paid five dollars a day, Frederick Winslow Taylor, if you build it, they will come, Induced demand, intermodal, invention of the wheel, lake wobegon effect, Loma Prieta earthquake, longitudinal study, Lyft, Masdar, megacity, meta-analysis, moral hazard, Nate Silver, oil shock, Productivity paradox, Ralph Nader, rent control, ride hailing / ride sharing, Rosa Parks, self-driving car, skinny streets, smart cities, smart grid, smart transportation, the built environment, the map is not the territory, transportation-network company, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, Unsafe at Any Speed, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, walkable city, Wall-E, white flight, white picket fence, Works Progress Administration, Yogi Berra, Zipcar

The first limited-access parkway—the Bronx River Parkway—was built in 1925; the first expressway—the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway—was proposed in 1936 but was delayed by the Depression until 1939. b What was left of the elevated highway on San Francisco’s waterfront was finally demolished after it was severely damaged by the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. The waterfront—the Embarcadero—was redeveloped with parks, plazas, a tree-lined boulevard, and public transportation. It draws millions of visitors a year. c In the mid-1960s, the curriculum for engineering students and the practice of working engineers added the measurement of both fuel efficiency and pollution control.


pages: 441 words: 96,534

Streetfight: Handbook for an Urban Revolution by Janette Sadik-Khan

autonomous vehicles, bike sharing scheme, Boris Johnson, business cycle, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, congestion charging, crowdsourcing, digital map, edge city, Edward Glaeser, en.wikipedia.org, Enrique Peñalosa, Hyperloop, Induced demand, Jane Jacobs, Loma Prieta earthquake, Lyft, New Urbanism, place-making, self-driving car, sharing economy, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, transportation-network company, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, Works Progress Administration, Zipcar

San Francisco’s Embarcadero today is a grand boulevard lined with palm trees, active waterfront properties and a port, a streetcar and high-visibility bike lanes. There’s no sign today of the hundred thousand cars that formerly used the Embarcadero Freeway as it ran by the Ferry Building before it was damaged in the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. The Embarcadero was one of numerous Bay Area roadways damaged beyond repair. Mother Nature made real something that San Francisco residents had contemplated but were too afraid to actually try: tear down the elevated eyesore and improve access to their famous and picturesque waterfront. While it may have taken an act of God to change the transportation network twenty-five years ago, more cities today are choosing new approaches to their elevated roads instead of spending billions to rebuild what has failed or become obsolete.


Coastal California Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

1960s counterculture, Airbnb, airport security, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Apple II, Asilomar, back-to-the-land, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Burning Man, buy and hold, California gold rush, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, Donner party, East Village, El Camino Real, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, flex fuel, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, haute cuisine, income inequality, intermodal, Joan Didion, Kickstarter, Loma Prieta earthquake, low cost airline, Lyft, Mason jar, New Journalism, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, South of Market, San Francisco, starchitect, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, trade route, transcontinental railway, uber lyft, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban sprawl, Wall-E, white picket fence, Whole Earth Catalog, women in the workforce, working poor, Works Progress Administration, young professional, Zipcar

Joshua Norton lost his shirt and his mind in the Gold Rush before proclaiming himself ‘Emperor of these United States and Protector of Mexico,’ and ordering construction of a trans-bay bridge in 1872. Taxpayers took some convincing: the Bay Bridge was completed in 1936. But the eastern span collapsed in the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, taking 12 years and $6.4 billion to repair. Emperor Norton’s idea seemed not quite so bright anymore – until artist Leo Villareal installed 25,000 LED lights along the western span, mesmerizing commuters with a 1.8-mile-long light show that shimmers and pulses in patterns that never repeat.

Because this contact zone doesn’t slide smoothly, but catches and slips irregularly, it rattles California with an ongoing succession of tremors and earthquakes. California's Monster Quakes In 1906 California’s most famous earthquake measured 7.8 on the Richter scale and demolished San Francisco, leaving more than 3000 people dead. The Bay Area made headlines again in 1989 when the Loma Prieta earthquake (magnitude 7.1), which lasted just 15 seconds, caused a section of the Bay Bridge and I-880 in Oakland to collapse. Today, you can walk right up to the epicenter of the Loma Prieta quake in the Forest of Nisene Marks State Park, south of Santa Cruz. Los Angeles’ last ‘big one’ was in 1994, when the Northridge quake (magnitude 6.7) caused parts of the freeways and the scoreboard at Anaheim Stadium to fall down.


California by Sara Benson

airport security, Albert Einstein, Apple II, Asilomar, back-to-the-land, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, Burning Man, buy and hold, California gold rush, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, Columbine, dark matter, desegregation, Donald Trump, Donner party, East Village, El Camino Real, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Frank Gehry, global village, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute cuisine, Joan Didion, Khyber Pass, Loma Prieta earthquake, low cost airline, McDonald's hot coffee lawsuit, McMansion, means of production, Menlo Park, planetary scale, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, the new new thing, trade route, transcontinental railway, Upton Sinclair, urban sprawl, Wall-E, white picket fence, Whole Earth Catalog, working poor, Works Progress Administration, young professional

Within a few years an unsolicited group message about politics is sent across the network and spam is born. 1977 San Francisco Supervisor Harvey Milk becomes the first openly gay man to be elected to US public office. Milk sponsors a gay-rights bill and trendsetting ‘pooper-scooper’ ordinance before his murder by political opponent Dan White. October 17, 1989 The Loma Prieta Earthquake hits 6.9 on the Richter scale near Santa Cruz, destroying a two-level section of the Interstate 880 and resulting in 63 deaths and thousands of injuries. 1992 Charged with the 1991 beating of African American Rodney King, three of the four white police officers involved are acquitted by a predominantly white jury.

Because this contact zone doesn’t slide smoothly, but catches and slips irregularly, it rattles California with an ongoing succession of tremors and earthquakes. The state’s most famous earthquake was one in 1906 that measured 7.8 on the Richter scale and demolished San Francisco, leaving more than 3000 people dead. The Bay Area made headlines again in 1989 when the Loma Prieta earthquake (7.1) caused a section of the Bay Bridge to collapse. Los Angeles’ last ‘big one’ was in 1994, when the Northridge quake (6.7) caused parts of the Santa Monica Fwy to fall down, making it the most costly quake in US history – so far. One of the most fascinating aspects of the sliding San Andreas Fault is that all the lands west of the fault, including San Diego, Los Angeles and San Francisco, are sailing toward Alaska at a rate of 1.9in a year.

FERRY BUILDING Slackers have the right idea at the Ferry Building (Map; 415-693-0996; www.ferrybuildingmarketplace.com; Embarcadero), the transport hub turned gourmet emporium where no one’s in a hurry to get anywhere. Boat traffic isn’t what it was back when the grand hall and clock tower were built in 1898, and by the 1950s the building was literally overshadowed by a freeway overpass. But after the freeway collapsed in the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake, the city revived the Ferry Building as a tribute to San Francisco’s monumental good taste. On weekends the Ferry Plaza Farmers Market (Click here) fans out around the south end of the building like a fabulous garnish. Click here for restaurant suggestions and other foodie action. ALCATRAZ Almost 150 years before Guantanamo, a rocky island in the middle of San Francisco Bay became the nation’s first military prison: Alcatraz ( 415-981-7625; www.nps.gov/alcatraz).


pages: 459 words: 140,010

Fire in the Valley: The Birth and Death of the Personal Computer by Michael Swaine, Paul Freiberger

1960s counterculture, Amazon Web Services, Apple II, barriers to entry, Bill Atkinson, Bill Gates: Altair 8800, Byte Shop, cloud computing, commoditize, computer vision, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, Dynabook, Google Chrome, I think there is a world market for maybe five computers, Internet of things, Isaac Newton, Jaron Lanier, job automation, John Markoff, John von Neumann, Jony Ive, Loma Prieta earthquake, Marc Andreessen, Menlo Park, Mitch Kapor, Mother of all demos, Paul Terrell, popular electronics, Richard Stallman, Robert Metcalfe, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, stealth mode startup, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, Tim Cook: Apple, urban sprawl, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, Whole Earth Catalog

I talk in terms of customer benefits, adding value. Back then, it was like pioneering. –Gordon Eubanks, software pioneer By the end of the 1980s, the personal-computer industry was big business, making billionaires and creating tremors in the stock market. A Snapshot On October 17, 1989, the 7.1-magnitude Loma Prieta earthquake that hit the San Francisco Bay Area also rocked Silicon Valley. When systems came back online, this was the state of the industry: There was a renewed rivalry between the sixers, users of microprocessors from the Motorola/MOS Technology camp, and the eighters, users of Intel microprocessors.


How I Became a Quant: Insights From 25 of Wall Street's Elite by Richard R. Lindsey, Barry Schachter

Albert Einstein, algorithmic trading, Andrew Wiles, Antoine Gombaud: Chevalier de Méré, asset allocation, asset-backed security, backtesting, bank run, banking crisis, Bear Stearns, Black-Scholes formula, Bonfire of the Vanities, Bretton Woods, Brownian motion, business cycle, business process, butter production in bangladesh, buy and hold, buy low sell high, capital asset pricing model, centre right, collateralized debt obligation, commoditize, computerized markets, corporate governance, correlation coefficient, creative destruction, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, currency manipulation / currency intervention, discounted cash flows, disintermediation, diversification, Donald Knuth, Edward Thorp, Emanuel Derman, en.wikipedia.org, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, financial innovation, fixed income, full employment, George Akerlof, Gordon Gekko, hiring and firing, implied volatility, index fund, interest rate derivative, interest rate swap, John von Neumann, linear programming, Loma Prieta earthquake, Long Term Capital Management, margin call, market friction, market microstructure, martingale, merger arbitrage, Myron Scholes, Nick Leeson, P = NP, pattern recognition, Paul Samuelson, pensions crisis, performance metric, prediction markets, profit maximization, purchasing power parity, quantitative trading / quantitative finance, QWERTY keyboard, RAND corporation, random walk, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Feynman, Richard Stallman, risk free rate, risk-adjusted returns, risk/return, shareholder value, Sharpe ratio, short selling, Silicon Valley, six sigma, sorting algorithm, statistical arbitrage, statistical model, stem cell, Steven Levy, stochastic process, systematic trading, technology bubble, The Great Moderation, the scientific method, too big to fail, trade route, transaction costs, transfer pricing, value at risk, volatility smile, Wiener process, yield curve, young professional

This generous gesture had a definite impact on my outlook on life, and more than a decade later I found myself doing exactly the same thing to help out a fresh PhD whom I had hired from the University of Waterloo, whose sign-on bonus was held up in red tape, seriously impeding his hunt for an apartment in New York City (not an easy task in the best of circumstances). What comes around goes around. Laura and I went on the academic job market as a package deal. Our first set of introductory interviews with 20+ universities took place at the FMA meetings in Boston in October 1989. This was just after the Loma Prieta earthquake, which leveled parts of our hometown of Oakland and closed down the airport indefinitely. Quick thinking and a little hustling on the phone got us rebooked on a morning flight out of Los Angeles, and we spent the night following the earthquake driving south on I-5, listening to the radio for scattered news of freeway collapses, fires, and other tragedies taking place in our backyard.


pages: 428 words: 138,235

The Billionaire and the Mechanic: How Larry Ellison and a Car Mechanic Teamed Up to Win Sailing's Greatest Race, the Americas Cup, Twice by Julian Guthrie

Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, cloud computing, fear of failure, Ford paid five dollars a day, independent contractor, Loma Prieta earthquake, market bubble, Maui Hawaii, new economy, pets.com, Ronald Reagan, side project, Silicon Valley, software as a service, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Jobs, white picket fence, Yogi Berra

He talked with the California Culinary Academy about running classes at the Golden Gate. He offered the club’s “great views, great kitchen, low price!” The genesis of the money problem, Matlin had concluded, was that club members had gotten in over their heads with the building of a new clubhouse after the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, which had hit the liquefaction zone of the Marina District hard. With the use of federal emergency relief funds, the modest club on the barge had been replaced by a two-story structure at the end of Yacht Road. “Their building was one that the membership could not sustain,” Matlin sighed.


pages: 411 words: 108,119

The Irrational Economist: Making Decisions in a Dangerous World by Erwann Michel-Kerjan, Paul Slovic

"Robert Solow", Andrei Shleifer, availability heuristic, bank run, Black Swan, business cycle, Cass Sunstein, clean water, cognitive dissonance, collateralized debt obligation, complexity theory, conceptual framework, corporate social responsibility, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, cross-subsidies, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, endowment effect, experimental economics, financial innovation, Fractional reserve banking, George Akerlof, hindsight bias, incomplete markets, information asymmetry, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, Isaac Newton, iterative process, Kenneth Arrow, Loma Prieta earthquake, London Interbank Offered Rate, market bubble, market clearing, money market fund, moral hazard, mortgage debt, Pareto efficiency, Paul Samuelson, placebo effect, price discrimination, price stability, RAND corporation, Richard Thaler, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Reagan, Savings and loan crisis, source of truth, statistical model, stochastic process, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Bayes, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, too big to fail, transaction costs, ultimatum game, University of East Anglia, urban planning, Vilfredo Pareto

About a month after the earthquake, some seismologists affiliated with the working group published an article in the prestigious journal Science that included the following statements: The earthquake “fulfilled a long-term forecast,” “two decades of research . . . allowed an accurate long-term forecast of both the occurrence and consequences” of the earthquake, and the earthquake occurred “where it was anticipated.” Obviously there were significant misunderstandings about the meaning of probabilities and their validation. First, the earthquake was less likely to occur (probability 0.3) than not (which therefore had a probability of 0.7) in the next thirty years on the Loma Prieta segment, so how did this earthquake fulfill a long-term forecast? Second, if an earthquake occurred in the San Francisco area, it was more likely to occur on one of the other four segments, so why did this earthquake occur where it was anticipated? The quality of probabilistic forecasts is a complex concept and accuracy cannot be determined from a single event.

Goble, J. X. Kasperson, and S. Ratick (1988). “The Social Amplification of Risk: A Conceptual Framework.” Risk Analysis 8: 177-187. Keeney, R. L. (1980). “Evaluating Alternatives Involving Potential Fatalities.” Operations Research 28: 188-205. U.S. Geological Survey Staff (1990). “The Loma Prieta California Earthquake: An Anticipated Event.” Science 247: 286-293. 28 Decision Making A View on Tomorrow HOWARD RAIFFA A WIDER SCOPE FOR THE DECISION SCIENCES When I began studying decision making some sixty years ago, I was mainly oriented toward the ways that analytics can help the decision-making process.


pages: 535 words: 151,217

Pacific: Silicon Chips and Surfboards, Coral Reefs and Atom Bombs, Brutal Dictators, Fading Empires, and the Coming Collision of the World's Superpowers by Simon Winchester

9 dash line, Albert Einstein, BRICs, British Empire, California gold rush, colonial rule, Deng Xiaoping, desegregation, Frank Gehry, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), land tenure, Loma Prieta earthquake, Maui Hawaii, Monroe Doctrine, oil shock, polynesian navigation, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, trade route, transcontinental railway, UNCLOS, UNCLOS, undersea cable, uranium enrichment

See also North Korea; South Korea division of, 154–55, 154, 309 DMZ, 161, 176–78, 182–87 Hawaii and, 5 MDL, 172 Soviets and, 153–55 U.S. military and, 119 Vietnam War and, 206 Korean War, 152, 156, 170, 172–73, 208 Kosrae island, 4, 434 Kowloon, 222, 228 Krakatoa volcano, 62, 379n “Kraken, The” (Tennyson), 305 Kualoa, Hawaii, 429 Kunsan, 419 Kuomintang, 393 Kuril Islands, 116, 316 Kwajalein, 3, 11–17, 49, 54, 65–66, 74–76 Kwajalein, Battle of, 45 kyodatsu (despair), 88 Labor Day hurricane of 1935, 243, 245 labor unions, 196, 199 Labour Party of Australia, 268, 277, 279, 294 Lamotrek atoll, 11 Lana’i island, 369–75 Langinbelik, Rokko, 74 La Niña, 253, 255, 260, 261n Laos, 202, 207 Larrakia aboriginals, 233 Laurence, William, 55–56 Law of the Sea Convention, 333 “Law on the Territorial Waters” (China, 1992), 389 Lawrence, James, 167 League of Nations, 11 Le Corbusier, 105 Le Duc Tho, 209 Lee Kuan Yew, 396 Lenin, V.I., 24 Letham, Isabel, 139 Leyte Gulf, 239–41, 240 Liaoning (Chinese carrier), 407–9, 415 Libby, Willard, 34 life, origin of, 322–23 Lindeman Island, 348 Line Islands, 367 Littoral combat ships, 421 Liu Huaqing, 411–17, 411 Locklear, Samuel, III, 242–43 Loma Prieta earthquake, 378–79 London, Charmian, 131 London, Jack, 121, 129–34, 137, 147 Long Beach, California, 139 Queen Mary and, 193 Long March, 412 Lop Nor atomic tests, 37 Lorikeet, 218n Los Alamos laboratories, 33, 47, 57–58, 67–69 Los Angeles, 25, 118 surfing and, 134–35, 140 Los Angeles Times, 144 Lucky Country, The (Horne), 267, 299n Lucky Dragon Five (fishing boat), 76–78 Lulu (research ship), 317, 319–22, 328 Lutherans, 44 Lutyens, Edward, 282 Luzon China and, 393, 413 earthquake of 1990, 380 Pinatubo eruption and Typhoon Yunya, 383 MacArthur, Douglas, 239 MacArthur villages, Philippines, 240 Macau, 228, 414 Macclesfield Bank, 396 Machu Picchu, 130n MacLehose, Murray, 221, 222 Madagascar, 430 Madden-Julian Oscillation, 263 Maersk shipping line, 405 Magellan, Ferdinand, 8, 23, 26, 40, 441, 443 magma, 314, 353 Magnavox, 113 magnetic field reversal, 311–12 Magsaysay, Ramón, 380 Mahan, Alfred Thayer, 377, 411, 414 Majuro atoll, 3, 8, 11 malama honua (“care for island earth”), 427, 429, 440, 444 Malaya, colonialism and, 212–13 Malay people, 43, 293 Malaysia, 10, 18, 394, 394, 396 Malibu, California, 141 Manchuria, 155, 414 Manfred (Byron), 231 manganese nodule boom, 332 Manhattan Project, 47, 76n Manila, 5, 44, 372 Pinatubo eruption and, 380–81, 385n Manjiro, Nakahama, 358n Manoa, Hawaii, 5 Manus refugee camp, 300–301 Man Who Loved China, The (Needham), 102n Maori, 21, 27 Mao Zedong, 31, 37, 269 Marcos, Ferdinand, 25, 379 Marianas Islands, 8, 413 marine protected zones, 367 Marie Byrd Land, 18 marine life coral reefs and, 343–45 endangered, 366 plastic debris and, 365–66 Marine Park Authority (Australia), 348, 349 Maritime Continent, 18, 254 Marquesas, 5, 431 Marshall, Andrew “Yoda,” 416–19, 416, 422 Marshall, George, 153–55 Marshall, John, 43 Marshall Islands, 3, 8.


pages: 547 words: 160,071

Underground by Suelette Dreyfus

airport security, invisible hand, John Markoff, Julian Assange, Loma Prieta earthquake, packet switching, pirate software, profit motive, publish or perish, RFC: Request For Comment, Ronald Reagan, Stephen Hawking, Steven Levy, Stuxnet, uranium enrichment, urban decay, WikiLeaks, zero day

Pacific Coast Time on 17 October, as Oberman put the final touches on the last paragraph of his final report on the worm, the floor beneath his feet began to shake. The building was trembling. Kevin Oberman was in the middle of the 1989 San Francisco earthquake. Measuring 7.1 on the Richter scale, the Loma Prieta earthquake ripped through the greater San Francisco area with savage speed. Inside the computer lab, Oberman braced himself for the worst. Once the shaking stopped and he ascertained the computer centre was still standing, he sat back down at his terminal. With the PA blaring warnings for all non-essential personnel to leave the building immediately, Oberman rushed off the last sentence of the report.


pages: 492 words: 153,565

Countdown to Zero Day: Stuxnet and the Launch of the World's First Digital Weapon by Kim Zetter

Ayatollah Khomeini, Brian Krebs, crowdsourcing, data acquisition, Doomsday Clock, drone strike, Edward Snowden, facts on the ground, Firefox, friendly fire, Google Earth, information retrieval, John Markoff, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, Loma Prieta earthquake, Maui Hawaii, MITM: man-in-the-middle, pre–internet, RAND corporation, Silicon Valley, skunkworks, smart grid, smart meter, South China Sea, Stuxnet, two and twenty, undersea cable, uranium enrichment, Vladimir Vetrov: Farewell Dossier, WikiLeaks, Y2K, zero day

Weiss is a lean and energetic sixty-four-year-old who works out of his home in Cupertino, California, the heart of Silicon Valley, and is used to thinking about catastrophic scenarios. He lives just five miles from California’s notorious San Andreas Fault and the seventy-year-old Stevens Creek Dam. When the Loma Prieta earthquake struck the area in 1989, chimneys toppled, streetlights and phones died for several days, and shockwaves in the swimming pool at nearby DeAnza College ejected polo players from the water and onto the pavement like beached seals. Weiss first became aware of the security problems with control systems in 1999.


San Francisco by Lonely Planet

airport security, Albert Einstein, Apple II, back-to-the-land, banking crisis, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Burning Man, California gold rush, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, David Brooks, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, G4S, game design, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, Joan Didion, Loma Prieta earthquake, Mason jar, New Urbanism, San Francisco homelessness, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, transcontinental railway, urban sprawl, Whole Earth Catalog, Zipcar

The disease has since taken 30 million lives, but early intervention in SF instituted key prevention measures and established global treatment standards. 1989 Hundreds of sea lions haul out on the yacht slips near Pier 39; state law and wildlife officials grant them squatters’ rights, and the beach bums become San Francisco mascots. October 17, 1989 The Loma Prieta earthquake hits 6.9 on the Richter scale and a freeway in SF and a Bay Bridge section collapse in 15 seconds, killing 41. Bridge repairs remain incomplete. March 10, 2000 After the NASDAQ index peaks at double its value a year earlier, the dot-com bubble pops and share prices drop dramatically. The ‘dot-bomb’ closes businesses across SF within a month. 2003 Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger is elected governor of California.


pages: 1,007 words: 181,911

The 4-Hour Chef: The Simple Path to Cooking Like a Pro, Learning Anything, and Living the Good Life by Timothy Ferriss

Airbnb, Atul Gawande, Buckminster Fuller, Burning Man, correlation does not imply causation, crowdsourcing, deliberate practice, en.wikipedia.org, Golden Gate Park, happiness index / gross national happiness, haute cuisine, Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, Isaac Newton, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, Loma Prieta earthquake, loss aversion, Louis Pasteur, Mahatma Gandhi, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Mason jar, microbiome, Parkinson's law, Paul Buchheit, Paul Graham, Pepto Bismol, Ponzi scheme, Ralph Waldo Emerson, San Francisco homelessness, Silicon Valley, Skype, spaced repetition, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, the High Line, Y Combinator

Two options: buy them at fish supply stores (I’m serious), or do what Neil Strauss does—keep a list of what you want on your phone, then pick them up when abroad. In St. Kitts, where Neil has a home, you can get over-the-counter aspirin with codeine as a starting point. * * * This basic prep might seem crazy if you’ve never been caught in a disaster. No one in SF expected the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, either, but it left thousands without running water for 10 days, and without power for four days. Just remember the words of that humble genius, Anonymous, who once said: “Procrastinating is like masturbating. It feels good at the time, but, in the end, you’re just fucking yourself.” OPTIONAL LESSON 18 SKILL BUILDING A SHELTER HOW TO BUILD A DEBRIS HUT Debris hut (almost) complete.


pages: 829 words: 186,976

The Signal and the Noise: Why So Many Predictions Fail-But Some Don't by Nate Silver

"Robert Solow", airport security, availability heuristic, Bayesian statistics, Bear Stearns, Benoit Mandelbrot, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, big-box store, Black Swan, Broken windows theory, business cycle, buy and hold, Carmen Reinhart, Claude Shannon: information theory, Climategate, Climatic Research Unit, cognitive dissonance, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collateralized debt obligation, complexity theory, computer age, correlation does not imply causation, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, disinformation, diversification, Donald Trump, Edmond Halley, Edward Lorenz: Chaos theory, en.wikipedia.org, equity premium, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, everywhere but in the productivity statistics, fear of failure, Fellow of the Royal Society, Freestyle chess, fudge factor, George Akerlof, global pandemic, haute cuisine, Henri Poincaré, high batting average, housing crisis, income per capita, index fund, information asymmetry, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet Archive, invention of the printing press, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, John Nash: game theory, John von Neumann, Kenneth Rogoff, knowledge economy, Laplace demon, locking in a profit, Loma Prieta earthquake, market bubble, Mikhail Gorbachev, Moneyball by Michael Lewis explains big data, Monroe Doctrine, mortgage debt, Nate Silver, negative equity, new economy, Norbert Wiener, PageRank, pattern recognition, pets.com, Pierre-Simon Laplace, prediction markets, Productivity paradox, random walk, Richard Thaler, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Rodney Brooks, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, savings glut, security theater, short selling, Skype, statistical model, Steven Pinker, The Great Moderation, The Market for Lemons, the scientific method, The Signal and the Noise by Nate Silver, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas Bayes, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, too big to fail, transaction costs, transfer pricing, University of East Anglia, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, wikimedia commons

., 353 lightning, 125–26 Lima, 158, 174 limit hold ’em, 311, 322, 322, 324n Lin, Jeremy, 119 linear regression, 498 linearity, see nonlinear systems Lipsitch, Marc, 223, 229 Lisbon earthquake, 145 literature, progress of, 4 Livingston Survey, 183 Lockerbie bombing, 427 Loft, Richard, 111, 112, 114–15, 118 logarithmic scales, 142n, 144, 146, 151, 263, 429–30, 430 logistic regression analysis, 489 Loma Prieta earthquake, 160 London, 222 Long Boom, 189–90 Long Leading Index, U.S., 196 Lorenz, Edward, 118, 119, 129, 472 Los Angeles, Calif., 368, 432, 476 Los Angeles Dodgers, 94, 98 Los Angeles Lakers, 233–37, 243, 246, 258, 489 Los Angeles Times, 160, 234 lottery tickets, 186, 324 Louisiana, 109 “Love Will Tear Us Apart,” 283 Lowess regression, 478 Lucas, Robert, 188, 200 luck, 79 skill vs., 321–23, 322, 338–39 Lugar, Richard, 434 lung cancer, 254–55, 258 Luther, Martin, 4 Lynn, Fred, 79 Macal, Chip, 229 McCain, John, 48–49, 59, 358, 468 McDaniel, Raymond, 25 McGovern, George, 67 McLaughlin, John, 47 McLaughlin Group, The, 47–50, 49, 56, 103, 129, 314 McNess, Stephen K., 198 McVeigh, Timothy, 425 malaria, 214 Malkiel, Burton, 340n mammogram, 245–46, 246 Mandelbrot, Benoit, 284 Manic Momentum strategy, 344–45, 345, 368 Mann, Michael, 408–9 manufacturing sector, 189 Maradona, Diego, 281 margin of error, 176, 178, 181, 213, 252, 452 in economic forecasts, 183, 184 in political polls, 62, 65, 176, 252, 452 Markakis, Nick, 90 “Market for Lemons, The” (Akerlof), 35 MARL, 264 Marshall Islands, 509 Martinez, Edgar, 82, 83 Marx, Karl, 53 Massa, Eric, 72 Massachusetts, 391 Mathematics of Poker, The (Chen and Ankenman), 323 Mathews, F.


Western USA by Lonely Planet

airport security, Albert Einstein, Apple II, Asilomar, back-to-the-land, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Biosphere 2, Burning Man, California gold rush, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, Charles Lindbergh, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, Donner party, East Village, edge city, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Frank Gehry, global village, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, haute cuisine, illegal immigration, intermodal, Joan Didion, Kickstarter, Loma Prieta earthquake, Mahatma Gandhi, Mars Rover, Maui Hawaii, off grid, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, South of Market, San Francisco, starchitect, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, supervolcano, trade route, transcontinental railway, Upton Sinclair, urban planning, women in the workforce, Works Progress Administration, young professional, Zipcar

Because this contact zone doesn’t slide smoothly, but catches and slips irregularly, it rattles California with an ongoing succession of tremors and earthquakes. The state’s most famous earthquake in 1906 measured 7.8 on the Richter scale and demolished San Francisco, leaving more than 3000 people dead. The Bay Area made headlines again in 1989 when the Loma Prieta earthquake (7.1) caused a section of the Bridge to collapse. Los Angeles’ last ‘big one’ was in 1994, when the Northridge quake (6.7) caused parts of the Santa Monica Fwy to fall down, making it the most costly quake in US history – so far. The Coast to the Central Valley According to the US Geological Survey, the odds of a magnitude 6.7 or greater earthquake hitting California in the next 30 years is 99.7%.


pages: 1,261 words: 294,715

Behave: The Biology of Humans at Our Best and Worst by Robert M. Sapolsky

autonomous vehicles, Bernie Madoff, biofilm, blood diamonds, British Empire, Broken windows theory, Brownian motion, car-free, clean water, cognitive dissonance, corporate personhood, corporate social responsibility, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, delayed gratification, desegregation, different worldview, domesticated silver fox, double helix, Drosophila, Edward Snowden, en.wikipedia.org, epigenetics, Flynn Effect, framing effect, fudge factor, George Santayana, global pandemic, hiring and firing, illegal immigration, impulse control, income inequality, John von Neumann, Loma Prieta earthquake, long peace, longitudinal study, loss aversion, Mahatma Gandhi, meta-analysis, microaggression, Mohammed Bouazizi, Monkeys Reject Unequal Pay, mouse model, mutually assured destruction, Nelson Mandela, Network effects, out of africa, Peter Singer: altruism, phenotype, placebo effect, publication bias, RAND corporation, risk tolerance, Rosa Parks, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), self-driving car, Silicon Valley, social intelligence, Stanford marshmallow experiment, Stanford prison experiment, stem cell, Steven Pinker, strikebreaker, theory of mind, Tragedy of the Commons, transatlantic slave trade, traveling salesman, trickle-down economics, twin studies, ultimatum game, Walter Mischel, wikimedia commons, zero-sum game

Thus, not only do size, density, and heterogeneity of populations help explain intergroup violence, but patterns and clarity of fragmentation do as well. These issues will be revisited in the final chapter. THE RESIDUES OF CULTURAL CRISES In times of crisis—the London Blitz, New York after 9/11, San Francisco after the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake—people pull together.* That’s cool. But in contrast, chronic, pervasive, corrosive menace doesn’t necessarily do the same to people or cultures. The primal menace of hunger has left historical marks. Back to that study of differences between countries’ tightness (where “tight” countries were characterized by autocracy, suppression of dissent, and omnipresence and enforcement of behavior norms).50 What sorts of countries are tighter?


pages: 1,104 words: 302,176

The Rise and Fall of American Growth: The U.S. Standard of Living Since the Civil War (The Princeton Economic History of the Western World) by Robert J. Gordon

"Robert Solow", 3D printing, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airline deregulation, airport security, Apple II, barriers to entry, big-box store, blue-collar work, business cycle, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Charles Lindbergh, clean water, collective bargaining, computer age, creative destruction, deindustrialization, Detroit bankruptcy, discovery of penicillin, Donner party, Downton Abbey, Edward Glaeser, en.wikipedia.org, Erik Brynjolfsson, everywhere but in the productivity statistics, feminist movement, financial innovation, full employment, George Akerlof, germ theory of disease, glass ceiling, high net worth, housing crisis, Ida Tarbell, immigration reform, impulse control, income inequality, income per capita, indoor plumbing, industrial robot, inflight wifi, interchangeable parts, invention of agriculture, invention of air conditioning, invention of the sewing machine, invention of the telegraph, invention of the telephone, inventory management, James Watt: steam engine, Jeff Bezos, jitney, job automation, John Markoff, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, labor-force participation, Loma Prieta earthquake, Louis Daguerre, Louis Pasteur, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, Mark Zuckerberg, market fragmentation, Mason jar, mass immigration, mass incarceration, McMansion, Menlo Park, minimum wage unemployment, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, new economy, Norbert Wiener, obamacare, occupational segregation, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, payday loans, Peter Thiel, pink-collar, Productivity paradox, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, refrigerator car, rent control, Robert X Cringely, Ronald Coase, school choice, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, Skype, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Pinker, The Market for Lemons, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, Thomas Malthus, total factor productivity, transaction costs, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, undersea cable, Unsafe at Any Speed, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban sprawl, washing machines reduced drudgery, Washington Consensus, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters, working poor, working-age population, Works Progress Administration, yellow journalism, yield management

Louis, Chicago, Baltimore, and San Francisco. Since 1906, there have been plenty of fires that destroyed individual buildings or blocks, but none on the scale of the great central city fires that culminated with the 1906 San Francisco earthquake.53 Notably, the 1989 San Francisco Bay Area Loma Prieta earthquake, which was significant enough to cause part of the Bay Bridge to tumble into the bay, did not cause a fire. Fire insurance originated in England in the early eighteenth century as entrepreneurs created companies to insure property owners against the disastrous loss of wealth that had occurred in London’s great fire of 1666, when three-quarters of the buildings in the city were destroyed.