220 results back to index

pages: 441 words: 96,534

Streetfight: Handbook for an Urban Revolution by Janette Sadik-Khan

autonomous vehicles, bike sharing scheme, Boris Johnson, business cycle, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, congestion charging, crowdsourcing, digital map, edge city, Edward Glaeser,, Enrique Peñalosa, Hyperloop, Induced demand, Jane Jacobs, Loma Prieta earthquake, Lyft, New Urbanism, place-making, self-driving car, sharing economy, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, transportation-network company, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, Works Progress Administration, Zipcar

Still, residents of Beverly Hills protested the planned Westside subway expansion beneath Beverly Hills High School, saying the tunnel was close to an earthquake fault and would create a possible explosion hazard. A judge threw out the case in 2014. Downtown Los Angeles is also first in line for the city’s bike-share program, and the district’s progress could easily be a model for pedestrian-friendly and place-making projects in Hollywood, seven miles away. In 2012, then-council member Eric Garcetti worked with his predecessor, Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa, to alter zoning regulations in Hollywood that would allow high-rise residential and commercial buildings. Higher-density buildings would provide needed housing and take advantage of the city’s subway system, decreasing dependence on single-occupant vehicles for every trip.

In the immense wedge of former traffic lanes above 23rd Street we outlined a plaza in thermoplastic and filled in the remaining space with a texturized gravel treatment adhered to the asphalt, evoking the compacted gravel of pedestrian paths in Paris’s Jardin du Luxembourg or nearby Bryant Park, but at a fraction of the cost and time. A stretch of asphalt empty of cars was an invitation for human-scale street life to emerge. Minutes after workers set out the first construction barrels to detour traffic and start work on the plaza, a group of art students materialized, sat on the blacktop, and started to sketch nearby buildings. This was one of the most moving examples of urban place making and it illustrates just how hungry people are for public space. By looking at where people placed their feet and posteriors, we saw the outline of the city we needed to build. The people took care of the rest. By September 2008, within less than three months, the plazas at Madison Square were ready—light speed by municipal standards. Mayor Bloomberg and representatives of local business associations cut the ribbon on what totaled sixty-five thousand square feet of pedestrian space at the square and along Broadway, an urban expanse larger than a football field in the middle of the city, and the most significant change to Broadway in decades.

The way the street was designed was illegal under Dallas building standards, but that was part of the point they wanted to make: livable streets are a virtual impossibility in many cities thanks to outmoded planning rules and manuals, which reject most uses for the street that don’t involve moving cars and keeping obstacles—and people—out of the way. These DIY acts reveal the power of signs, signals, paint—seemingly minor cues from the streets that shape our lives. It takes only a little bit of imagination to transform a sidewalk into a place-making feature of the street. In an increasing number of cases, city planners are being inspired and, in turn, inspiring these kinds of unorthodox strategies, blurring the lines between the sanctioned and unsanctioned and also erasing the barriers between the people and those who represent them. There are countless eyesores within any city that offer opportunities for inexpensive interventions.

pages: 211 words: 55,075

Soft City: Building Density for Everyday Life by David Sim

A Pattern Language, active transport: walking or cycling, autonomous vehicles, car-free, carbon footprint, Jane Jacobs, megastructure, New Urbanism, place-making, smart cities, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the market place, transit-oriented development, urban planning, urban renewal, walkable city

It is divided into three main chapters, each tackling one of the challenges of twenty-first-century life. A short essay appears between each chapter, each exploring a key idea about sustaining quality of life in urban environments. The first chapter, “Building Blocks: Living Locally in an Urbanizing World,” is about embracing the challenge of urbanization by finding ways to accommodate both density and diversity in the same place, making it possible to live as locally as possible. Chapter two, “Getting About and Getting On in a Congested World,” is about both the physical and social challenge of people movement, starting right outside the front door. Chapter three, “Living with Weather in a Time of Climate Change,” is about better connecting people living indoors to what is outside, to increase awareness of the forces of nature and make people more comfortable with them.

If we better understand what conditions make for being good neighbors, we can then better accommodate density, difference, and change. We can embrace these as beneficial opportunities rather than unfortunate challenges. We should recognize that every detail in the physical composition of the built environment has the potential to deliver comfort, convenience, and connection to others. The subtle balance of private and public needs, and the colocation of different activities in the same place make it possible to live well without having to travel so much. By getting the relationships right in the physical environment, with everything you need close at hand, an urban neighborhood can offer a better life. With everyday exposure and regular encounters comes relevance. With time, this awareness and understanding can grow into reverence, when people care about planet, people, and place. Changing mindsets leads ultimately to changing behaviors.

In this way, these protected outdoor spaces can be seen as zones of tolerance and have a vital role in buffering humans and their activities from each other. When multiplied, groups of blocks create other types of spaces: streets and other public spaces like squares that also come at no extra cost. These spaces are important, even though they are usually not completely enclosed. They are defined by the edges of the blocks, allowing access between them. A level of containment ensures they are weather-protected places, making movement through them and time spent in them more comfortable. This ancient urban pattern of building has the advantage of creating two very different kinds of useful outdoor spaces—one private and the other public. The spatial economy of the system allows these different kinds of space—built and unbuilt, private and public—to coexist in close proximity to each other, separated only by the buildings themselves.

The Metropolitan Revolution: How Cities and Metros Are Fixing Our Broken Politics and Fragile Economy by Bruce Katz, Jennifer Bradley

3D printing, additive manufacturing, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, British Empire, business climate, carbon footprint, clean water, cleantech, collapse of Lehman Brothers, deindustrialization, demographic transition, desegregation, double entry bookkeeping, edge city, Edward Glaeser, global supply chain, immigration reform, income inequality, industrial cluster, intermodal, Jane Jacobs, jitney, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, lone genius, longitudinal study, Mark Zuckerberg, Masdar, megacity, Menlo Park, Moneyball by Michael Lewis explains big data, Network effects, new economy, New Urbanism, Occupy movement, place-making, postindustrial economy, purchasing power parity, race to the bottom, Richard Florida, Shenzhen was a fishing village, Silicon Valley, smart cities, smart grid, sovereign wealth fund, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the market place, The Spirit Level, Tony Hsieh, too big to fail, trade route, transit-oriented development, urban planning, white flight

Second, the launch of M1 Rail exemplifies the collaborative spirit and integrated nature of economy shaping and place making at the heart of the metropolitan revolution. Detroit’s revival is being inspired, accelerated, and supported by an intricate web of philanthropic and business leaders and a remarkable set of nonprofit and quasi-public intermediaries that are painstakingly connecting the dots between hundreds of separate actions and transactions. The New Economy Initiative for Southeast Michigan— a $100 million consortium of ten local and national foundations—is a major investor in Detroit’s midtown and downtown. Since its inception in 2007, the initiative has supported or created several investment funds for start-ups and provided capital for significant place-making infrastructure, particularly in TechTown in midtown and its surrounding area, and its grants have helped launch 417 new companies, create 6,700 jobs, and leverage $261 million in additional investment in start-up companies supported by its grantees.100 06-2151-2 ch6.indd 139 5/20/13 6:53 PM 140 THE RISE OF INNOVATION DISTRICTS Living Cities, another philanthropic consortium, has invested $22 million in the Woodward Corridor Initiative to “redensify” the corridor and realize the full potential of the transit investment.101 The Kresge Foundation alone committed $150 million over the next five years to implement the recommendations and strategies outlined in the Detroit Future City report, doubling down on the investments it has already made along the riverfront, in M1 Rail, in the planning for the Detroit Future City effort, and as part of both the New Economy Initiative and Living Cities.102 In 2011 the Henry Ford Health System, the Detroit Medical Center, and Wayne State University, along with state and philanthropic support, launched the Live Midtown initiative, which provides financial incentives for employees who move to the area and entices existing renters and homeowners to stay and reinvest.103 Based on the program’s success, a group of downtown corporations—Quicken Loans, Blue Cross Blue Shield, Compuware, Strategic Staffing Solutions, Marketing Associates, and DTE Energy—created the Live Downtown Initiative.

This chapter and the next focus on the revolution to be: how megatrends will drive cities and metros to reshape their physical and social landscape within as well as forge new connections with their trading partners abroad. As the next decade unfolds, profound economic, demographic, and cultural shifts are likely to alter radically the place preferences of firms and people and, in the process, to reconceive the very link between economy shaping and place making. 113 06-2151-2 ch6.indd 113 5/20/13 6:53 PM 114 THE RISE OF INNOVATION DISTRICTS A confluence of trends is already leading companies and consumers to revalue the physical assets and attributes of cities and make employment centers of suburbia more urban. Our open, innovative economy increasingly craves proximity and extols integration, which allow knowledge to be transferred easily between, within, and across clusters, firms, workers, and supporting institutions, thereby enabling the creation of new ideas that fuel even greater economic activity and growth.

Still others can be found in traditional exurban science parks like Research Triangle Park in Raleigh-Durham that are scrambling to urbanize to keep pace with workers’ preference for walkable communities and firms’ preference for proximity to other firms and collaborative opportunities. Innovation districts arise in disparate geographies with different economic drivers. But all of them draw from the best innovations in both industry cluster and place-making strategies to create well-defined communities packed with resources for firms, entrepreneurs, innovators, researchers, and residents. The theory behind business clusters is that the geographical concentration of interconnected firms and supporting institutions leads to more innovation and production efficiencies, shared inputs, 06-2151-2 ch6.indd 114 5/20/13 6:53 PM THE RISE OF INNOVATION DISTRICTS 115 thicker labor markets, and collective problem solving; the theory behind walkable urbanism is that dense, mixed-use neighborhoods with cultural, recreational, and retail amenities will attract highly educated, innovative, entrepreneurial individuals and benefit the neighborhood’s existing residents.

The Making of a World City: London 1991 to 2021 by Greg Clark

Basel III, Berlin Wall, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Boris Johnson, British Empire, business climate, business cycle, capital controls, carbon footprint, congestion charging, corporate governance, cross-subsidies, deindustrialization, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, East Village, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial innovation, financial intermediation, global value chain, haute cuisine, housing crisis, industrial cluster, intangible asset, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, labour market flexibility, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, Masdar, mass immigration, megacity, New Urbanism, offshore financial centre, Pearl River Delta, place-making, rent control, Robert Gordon, Silicon Valley, smart cities, sovereign wealth fund, trickle-down economics, urban planning, urban renewal, working poor

Although the Mayor’s 2020 vision sets the admirable goal of achieving ‘convergence’ between life chances in East and West London, a lack of regional coordination hinders the organisational and 80 The evolution of London, 1991 to 2015 institutional capacity to deliver fully-strategised urban renewal for an area that offers huge development potential. From de-industrial to post-industrial: Building a new experience for markets, leisure and commerce Markets London’s markets are a microcosm of the capital’s fresh capacity to leverage space into prime place-making opportunities. Wholesale markets had been highly influential in London’s distribution of fruit, vegetables, meat and fish during much of the 20th century but, since the 1970s, the share of these markets in the wider wholesale sector declined significantly. As their long-term viability has come under pressure, relocation to new sites and regeneration of vacated or surrounding areas has become a notable feature of London’s redevelopment.

But in 2004, Barnet Council approved a new Development Framework to redevelop the whole Brent Cross area on both sides of the North Circular Road, thereby boosting surrounding Hendon and Cricklewood. After a variety of planning iterations, full consent was granted for the creation of a new mixed-use town centre in Brent Cross Cricklewood in 2010, with revisions approved in 2014. Over the next two decades, the £4 billion development, led by Hammerson and Standard Life Investments, has the potential to be accompanied by 7500 new homes. The new site will continue the place-making theme of 1990s and 2000s regeneration, incorporating desirable residential environments next to a major commercial core, and prioritising transport improvements and walkability to achieve vibrancy (Carpenter, 2014). BIDs London’s street shopping experience was seen to have been detrimentally affected by the rise of large ex-urban shopping centres. Many high street retail areas have required rejuvenation in order to re-attract investment, not least Re-investment and urban regeneration 85 because pleasant and vibrant town centres have been central to the mixed-use developments that define the city’s recent phase of regeneration.

The re-activation of housing markets in East London has been made possible by the wider Olympic project, which is stimulating a large rise in existing housing stock in Newham and has also driven a much-needed increase in standards in the private rented sector (Hammond, 2011a). Among the new homes, the London Legacy Development Corporation is creating a vibrant mix of Georgian and Victorian terraces, crescents and squares (Hammond, 2011b). The quality of housing and neighbourhood development will have a substantial bearing on East London’s integration into the London economy. Sir Simon Jenkins has warned of the importance of place-making to the area’s vitality: “East London offers a great deal of potential for London’s future but it needs to have a real character. It needs an identity and to be liveable. Stratford and Docklands could have been the Covent Garden of the East End. Now it is very important that we have more street life and public space in East London. This is the character that draws people into the capital.” (Personal communication, 10 December 2013) The post-Olympic East London housing market has stimulated a new cycle of international investment in and around Stratford.

pages: 598 words: 140,612

Triumph of the City: How Our Greatest Invention Makes Us Richer, Smarter, Greener, Healthier, and Happier by Edward L. Glaeser

affirmative action, Andrei Shleifer, Berlin Wall, British Empire, Broken windows theory, carbon footprint, Celebration, Florida, clean water, congestion charging, declining real wages, desegregation, different worldview, diversified portfolio, Edward Glaeser, endowment effect, European colonialism, financial innovation, Frank Gehry, global village, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute cuisine, Home mortgage interest deduction, James Watt: steam engine, Jane Jacobs, job-hopping, John Snow's cholera map, Mahatma Gandhi, McMansion, megacity, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, New Urbanism, place-making, Ponzi scheme, Potemkin village, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rent control, RFID, Richard Florida, Rosa Parks, school vouchers, Seaside, Florida, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, Steven Pinker, strikebreaker, Thales and the olive presses, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the new new thing, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, William Shockley: the traitorous eight, Works Progress Administration, young professional

And finally Detroit has itself found a mayor, David Bing, who understands that the people aren’t coming back and that empty homes should be replaced with some more reasonable use of space. Mayor Bing is not short on compassion, but he also understands the edifice error. He knows Detroit can be a great city if it cares for its people well even if it has far fewer structures. Museums and transportation and the arts do have an important role in place-making. Yet planners must be realistic and expect moderate successes, not blockbusters. Realism pushes toward small, sensible projects, not betting a city’s future on a vast, expensive roll of the dice. The real payoff of these investments in amenities lies not in tourism but in attracting the skilled residents who can really make a city rebound, especially if those residents can connect with the world economy.

Housing vouchers are good at what they were designed to do—using public dollars to put poorer people into better homes. They actually get resources to the people who need them, instead of lining contractors’ pockets and building white-elephant projects. But they are not the solution to cities’ larger social problems. The Moving to Opportunity study shows that we can’t solve the problems of urban poverty by just giving people money to move to richer neighborhoods. Bad policy puts place-making above helping people, but sometimes social entrepreneurs can do great good by focusing on just one place. For almost forty years, the Harlem Children’s Zone has fought for the children of Manhattan’s best-known African-American community. They’ve created a dense web of social activities, such as the Baby College, which teaches parenting skills, aimed at improving academic outcomes and reducing crime.

Apart from some nasty allegations about polluting a Texas aquifer, Mitchell has managed to cultivate a reputation for being a green energy man, which is not the stereotype of the Texas wildcatter. In the 1960s, he decided to diversify into real estate, and he envisioned a vast city in a forest thirty miles north of Houston. Building a large new community in the middle of nowhere takes deep pockets, and Mitchell had to borrow millions to make his place-making bet. The Department of Housing and Urban Development gave The Woodlands a $50 million loan guarantee. But that guarantee came with conditions, one of which was the need for environmental sensitivity. Mitchell then hired Ian McHarg, a Glaswegian based in Philadelphia, as his environmental consultant, and told him, “I have named my project The Woodlands and there had better be some woodlands when we get done.”

pages: 369 words: 94,588

The Enigma of Capital: And the Crises of Capitalism by David Harvey

accounting loophole / creative accounting, anti-communist, Asian financial crisis, bank run, banking crisis, Bernie Madoff, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business climate, call centre, capital controls, creative destruction, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, deindustrialization, Deng Xiaoping, deskilling, equal pay for equal work, European colonialism, failed state, financial innovation, Frank Gehry, full employment, global reserve currency, Google Earth, Guggenheim Bilbao, Gunnar Myrdal, illegal immigration, indoor plumbing, interest rate swap, invention of the steam engine, Jane Jacobs, joint-stock company, Joseph Schumpeter, Just-in-time delivery, land reform, liquidity trap, Long Term Capital Management, market bubble, means of production, megacity, microcredit, moral hazard, mortgage debt, Myron Scholes, new economy, New Urbanism, Northern Rock, oil shale / tar sands, peak oil, Pearl River Delta, place-making, Ponzi scheme, precariat, reserve currency, Ronald Reagan, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, special drawing rights, special economic zone, statistical arbitrage, structural adjustment programs, the built environment, the market place, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, Thomas Malthus, Thorstein Veblen, too big to fail, trickle-down economics, urban renewal, urban sprawl, white flight, women in the workforce

How they live, sustain themselves and reproduce the species varies enormously from place to place, but in the process people create places within which they dwell, from the peasant hut, the small village, the favela, the urban tenement, to the suburban tract house or the multimillion-dollar homes in the Hamptons of Long Island, in China’s gated communities or in Sao Paulo’s or Mexico City’s high rise penthouses. Place-making, and the creation of a dwelling place that becomes the secure environment called house and home, is as extensive as capital accumulation in its impacts upon the land, even as the production of such places becomes a major vehicle for surplus production and absorption. The production of ‘the urban’, where most of the world’s burgeoning population now lives, has become over time more closely intertwined with capital accumulation, to the point where it is hard to disentangle one from the other.

The empty condominiums in Florida and New York, the shuttered shopping malls in California and the empty Caribbean luxury hotel all tell the same story. Capital, as Marx astutely once put it, here encounters barriers in its own nature. The disjunction between the quest for hypermobility and an increasingly sclerotic built environment (think of the huge amount of fixed capital embedded in Tokyo or New York City) becomes ever more dramatic. ——— The creation of territorial forms of social organisation, place-making, has been fundamental to human activity throughout history. How, then, has the circulation and accumulation of capital adapted to and transformed the territorial forms it inherited from preceding eras, made distinctive places and rejigged the map of global political power in ways that can accommodate the quest for endless compound growth? The rise of the modern state, for example, parallels the rise of capitalism and it was the main capitalist powers that partitioned much of the earth’s surface into colonial possessions and imperial administrative forms, particularly in the period 1870 to 1925.

Go to any do-it-yourself ’ store in suburban New Jersey or in Oxfordshire and you will see myriads of people acquiring commodities that will be used to shape the space they call home and garden into something that is distinctly their own. The shanty town dwellers do much the same, though in their case it is often discarded commodities that form their raw materials and the space they occupy has no legal status and no infrastructures (unless the local state or a World Bank programme on sites and services has made some rudimentary attempt to provide them). Place-making, particularly around that place we call ‘home’, is an art that belongs largely to the people and not to capital, even as certain aspects of the places we call cities are fiercely fought over as capitalist developers struggle to provide the physical infrastructures so necessary for accumulation to occur on the ground. The deeper meanings that people assign to their relationship to the land, to place, home and the practices of dwelling are perpetually at odds with the crass commercialisms of land and property markets.

pages: 207 words: 63,071

My Start-Up Life: What A by Ben Casnocha, Marc Benioff

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, barriers to entry, Bonfire of the Vanities, business process, call centre, coherent worldview, creative destruction, David Brooks, don't be evil, fear of failure, hiring and firing, index fund, informal economy, Jeff Bezos, Joan Didion, Lao Tzu, Menlo Park, Paul Graham, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Sand Hill Road, side project, Silicon Valley, social intelligence, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, superconnector, technology bubble, traffic fines, Year of Magical Thinking

I’m lucky at a young age to have natural inclinations toward entrepreneurship and writing and I have a pretty good sense of what I’ll be doing in twenty to thirty years. If this isn’t you, fear not—for most people, it isn’t. Just ask forty-year-olds if they predicted their current line of work when they were children. Finding your passion is discovering what activities, causes, ideas, people, or places make you the most excited about living. Psychologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi calls this being in the “Flow.” The critical element of the discovery process is exploration into the unknown. Unless genetics pull you toward an activity, you won’t find your “flow” unless you extend yourself. It’s critical you travel to places you’ve never been to, talk to people from different walks of life, take jobs you wouldn’t otherwise consider, read books on topics you’re certain are not interesting.

Think about five people who mean a lot to you and mail them a handwritten note, right now, expressing your appreciation. Online: Each handwritten note should be four lines long. Day 8. Create an expert effect. Develop expertise in an issue that others will find valuable. Become an indispensable resource in something. Day 9. Travel somewhere. Get outside your normal frame of reference and see what happens. See if you approach an issue with a new perspective. See if a new physical place puts you in a new mental place. Make a reservation today! Online: See the best places to visit. Day 10. Raise the bar for one day and observe results. Hold impeccable standards for one full day. No crappy emails, no half-ass efforts, no tasks put off, no workout skipped, no silly indulgence in unhealthy food. Easier than you thought? Day 11. Read The Kite Runner along with Jack Welch’s Straight from the Gut. See which you find more interesting.

pages: 282 words: 69,481

Road to ruin: an introduction to sprawl and how to cure it by Dom Nozzi

business climate, car-free, Jane Jacobs, New Urbanism, Parkinson's law, place-making, Ray Oldenburg, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, skinny streets, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Great Good Place, transit-oriented development, urban decay, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, zero-sum game

Newman and Kenworthy, Cities and Automobile Dependence, 148, 152, 157, 158. 34. Holtzclaw, “New Emissions Assay.” 35. Newman and Kenworthy, Cities and Automobile Dependence, 151. 36. Center for Urban Transportation Research, Transportation, Land Use, 17. 37. Richert, “Markets for Traditional Neighborhoods,” 1. 38. Nathan R. Norris to, 29 October 2002. 39. Lee, “Place Making in Suburbia,” 73. 40 . Freeman, “The Effects of Sprawl,” 76. 41. Ewald, A Concept, 52–53. 42. Institute of Transportation Engineers, Traditional Neighborhood Development, 5. 43. Congress for the New Urbanism, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 1997. 44. Longman, “Sprawl,” 44. 45. Sayer, “The Costs of Sprawl,” 11. 46. Heimlich and Anderson, Development at the Urban Fringe; Chen, “The Science of Smart Growth,” 86. 47.

New York: Touchstone, 1994. Lagerberg, B., and Anderson, M. Washington State Petroleum Markets Data Book. WSEO 91-384. Olympia: Washington State Energy Office, January 1992. Land Use Digest. “Report Surveys Impact of Transit-Focused Development.” Washington, D.C.: Urban Land Institute, April, 1994. Langdon, P. A Better Place to Live. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1994. Lee, T. “Place Making in Suburbia.” Urban Land 59, 10 (2000): 73. Lennard S. H. C., and Lennard, H. L. Making Cities Livable Newsletter, Carmel, Calif., 1987. Levinson, D., and Kumar, A. “Activity, Travel, and the Allocation of Time.” APA Journal 61, 4 (1995): 458–70. Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. Alternatives to Sprawl. Cambridge, Mass.: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 1995. ———. Making the Land Use/Transportation/Air Quality Connection (LUTRAQ).

pages: 91 words: 5,667

The Asperger Love Guide: A Practical Guide for Adults With Asperger's Syndrome to Seeking, Establishing and Maintaining Successful Relationships by Genevieve Edmonds, Dean Worton

fear of failure, neurotypical, place-making, theory of mind

Stop focusing on the negatives, concentrate on what you’ve done well in the past. Accept compliments and support from your partner. AS Characteristics Possible Outcome Managing Outcome Fears. Your fears may appear out of proportion or nonsensical. This could alarm or anger your partner. Accept support from your partner to alleviate your fears. Understand that having AS can make the world appear a frightening and bewildering place, make sure that your partner realizes this. Remember that your worst fears rarely occur at full effect. Lack of awareness of dangers. Can make your partner feel anxious and that they must ‘mother’ you. Read safety guides and explain that AS can cause a lack of social understanding, for example, with danger. Ask for support if you need it, don’t be ashamed to do this. Attitudes to disability or ‘difference’.

pages: 304 words: 85,291

Cities: The First 6,000 Years by Monica L. Smith

clean water, diversified portfolio, failed state, financial innovation, hiring and firing, invention of writing, Jane Jacobs, New Urbanism, payday loans, place-making, Ponzi scheme, South China Sea, telemarketer, the built environment, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thorstein Veblen, too big to fail, trade route, urban planning, urban renewal, wikimedia commons

Maybe it was a convenient river crossing, or maybe an unusually prominent rock that a previous generation had ascribed with spiritual meaning. Maybe it was a place that had a good spring where travelers could rest, or a rich and productive hinterland for agriculture, or a variety of topographies that enabled herders, farmers, and fisherfolk to trade their wares in proximity. But maybe there was nothing particularly obvious about the place, making it a bit of a mystery as to why any particular city came into being. As we’ve seen for Mesopotamia, when there is a synergy of willingness and intrigue, people can turn the most unlikely places into thriving metropolitan areas. Nearly every city, past and present, has subsequently had both occasional and ongoing obstacles through which their residents suffered. Ancient Romans fell prey to malaria because of the surrounding swampy lands and sluggish waterways.

We can identify four ancestral elements that were essential precursors to the creation and sustaining of metropolitan life: the use of language to envision scenarios before they happen; the human propensity for migration that continually enables our species to adapt to new circumstances; our dependence on objects for both practical and symbolic purposes; and the use of architecture as creative place making. The combination of these factors not only made cities the only viable form of concentrated human population but also enabled cities to be incubators for other new phenomena, including massive economies of production and consumption, the development of infrastructure (such as roads, bridges, and water conduits) as the physical mechanism of connectivity, and the emergence of the middle class as the essential managers and consumers of urban life.

pages: 91 words: 22,748

Outer Order, Inner Calm: Declutter and Organize to Make More Room for Happiness by Gretchen Rubin

A Pattern Language, Airbnb, Broken windows theory, endowment effect, place-making

For even more visual order, arrange your apps by color to make your display more pleasing to the eye, or arrange your apps by function to make it more efficient. Adjust the notifications and sounds on your smartphone as well. When I turned off all sounds, and when I cut back on my notifications, my phone became a much less intrusive tool. If someone asked me what my idea of luxury is, I think my answer would be: flowers in the house all year round. MAY SARTON CREATE A SECRET PLACE. Make your home feel more alive by creating a secret place, known only to members of your household—whether it’s a desk with a hidden drawer, or a concealed closet, or a locked chest. In his brilliant book A Pattern Language, Christopher Alexander asks, “Where can the need for concealment be expressed; the need to hide; the need for something precious to be lost, and then revealed?” As you clear clutter, you’ll probably discover a place that could become a secret place.

pages: 83 words: 26,284

Home Building Secrets: Save Thousands Building Your Next Home: For the first time homeowner or the second time homeower who did not learn from their first mistakes by Ronald Jones

big-box store, place-making, time value of money

Ride the comparable neighborhoods to make selections. If you are looking for brick, there is no need to go look at 40 year-old houses. Look at recently completed houses, write down the address, and let your brick supplier know. Small samples can be deceiving. If you can find a recently built house that you like the exterior finishes on (brick, stone, siding, roofing, etc.), you will be much better off. Seeing the whole picture in one place makes the selection process much easier. Brick prices can vary greatly. If brick is you’re preferred finished, find the color you like and then shop prices and manufacturers. You might find a much better price on a slightly different brick. In my area, the reds and browns are the least expensive; lighter brick or very dark brick typically cost a bit more. Make sure clean-up is included. Do not get brick and mortar delivered too early.

The Preppers Cookbook: Essential Prepping Foods and Recipes to Deliciously Survive Any Disaster by Rockridge Press

clean water, place-making

Sourdough Starter A sourdough starter is a survivalist’s best friend; from it, you can make myriad delicious breads and dessert recipes. It doesn’t require yeast, and if you keep it going, you can use the same starter for years. • 2 cups all-purpose flour • 2½ cups lukewarm water 1. Put the flour in a glass container. Add the water and stir together until mixed. Cover mixture with a towel and set it in a warm place. Make sure that it isn’t too hot and there aren’t any drafts that will chill the mixture. 2. In 4–6 days, you’ll notice that it’s bubbling and smelling wonderfully yeasty. It’s now ready. Keep it going by stirring in 2 cups of flour and about ¾ cup of lukewarm water whenever you use a cup of the starter. Yields 1 batch of starter. Personal Hygiene Items It may seem now that if you’re in a survival situation, you won’t be worrying much about smelling good.

pages: 206 words: 35,117

Digital Photography Pocket Guide by Derrick Story


North-facing windows are great, but not necessary for this type of shooting. Cover the surface of the table with white paper, and if you can, create a white backdrop too. This will be your work area. Put your camera on a tripod (or another stable surface) and adjust it so it's facing the item that you want to photograph on the table. Move both the subject and the camera to achieve the best lighting possible via the open window. Once everything is in place, make a tabletop reflector out of white cardboard, or cardboard (or another rigid material) covered with aluminum foil. Position the reflector opposite the light source (window) so it bounces light onto the shadowy side of the item. Set the white balance to Cloudy (see "White Balance" in Chapter 2 for more information) and put your camera on self-timer (see "Self-Timer" in Chapter 2). Now trip the timer and stand back.

pages: 355 words: 106,952

Visit Sunny Chernobyl: And Other Adventures in the World's Most Polluted Places by Andrew Blackwell

carbon footprint, clean water, Google Earth, gravity well, liberation theology, nuclear paranoia, oil rush, oil shale / tar sands, place-making, ride hailing / ride sharing, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, special economic zone, the scientific method, young professional

Once the section of pipe had fully descended, it was time to detach the power swivel, pull another piece of heavy pipe off the rack, hoist it upright, and thread it into the string. One of the roughnecks would reattach the power swivel to the top of it all, and then drilling would begin again. It wasn’t easy work. The roughnecks were in constant motion, guiding the new lengths of pipe into place, making sure they sat correctly, spraying excess mud off the drilling platform with a hose, readying the next stage of pipe. Radley timed the intervals between stages of drilling, to see how efficient his workers were in the changeover. “About three minutes,” he said. “Pretty good.” This was Radley in the role of both “pusher” and “company man,” the two people whose job on a well is to make sure that it gets drilled without wasting time or money.

Except during the several months of the monsoon, the Yamuna essentially ceases to exist as it approaches Delhi. Because it would otherwise disappear into the riverbed, water extracted for Delhi is transported via the Munak Escape, a fork of the Western Yamuna Canal that itself receives a helping of industrial waste and domestic sewage. The water then collects behind the Wazirabad Barrage, on Delhi’s northern margin. (Here it is augmented with water brought from the Ganga, of all places, making the Ganga a tributary of one of its own tributaries.) Thanks to these inputs, there is water in the river at Wazirabad. But this water does not flow south into Delhi, as the river once did. Instead, it is pumped out and treated, becoming the basis of the city’s water supply. Nevertheless, there is water downstream of the Wazirabad Barrage, flowing the fourteen miles through the heart of Delhi.

pages: 158 words: 35,552

The Last Girlfriend on Earth: And Other Love Stories by Simon Rich

British Empire, place-making, pre–internet, Saturday Night Live

She waved at him happily and finished up her phone call. “Cool, I’ll see you in Paris. Listen, I gotta run. ’Bye!” She put away her phone and kissed Josh on the cheek. He laughed and kissed her back. “Who was that?” he asked. “Oh, some ad firm,” she said. “They want me to be the new face of Dior.” “That’s cool,” Josh said. “Do you like omelets?” She nodded enthusiastically. “I love them.” “Well, this place makes great ones.” She blushed as he held open the door for her. “After you,” he said. They entered to the sound of deafening applause. I Love Girl I am Oog. I love Girl. Girl loves Boog. It is bad situation. Boog and I are very different people. For example, we have different jobs. My job is Rock Thrower. I will explain what that is. There are many rocks all over the place and people are always tripping over them.

pages: 361 words: 111,500

Geography of Bliss by Eric Weiner

Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, call centre, cuban missile crisis, Exxon Valdez, happiness index / gross national happiness, hedonic treadmill, indoor plumbing, Mikhail Gorbachev, place-making, Pluto: dwarf planet, science of happiness, Silicon Valley, Transnistria, union organizing

As a foreign correspondent for National Public Radio, I traveled to places such as Iraq, Afghanistan, and Indonesia: unhappy places. On one level, this made perfect sense. Unconsciously, I was observing the first law of writing: Write about what you know. And so, notebook in hand, tape recorder slung over my shoulder, I roamed the world telling the stories of gloomy, unhappy people. The truth is that unhappy people, living in profoundly unhappy places, make for good stories. They tug at heartstrings and inspire pathos. They can also be a real bummer. What if, I wondered, I spent a year traveling the globe, seeking out not the world’s well-trodden trouble spots but, rather, its unheralded happy places? Places that possess, in spades, one or more of the ingredients that we consider essential to the hearty stew of happiness: money, pleasure, spirituality, family, and chocolate, among others.

I find a wonderful one a block from my hotel in downtown Rotterdam. It is simultaneously large and cozy, upscale and run-down. Nice wood floors, but they look like they haven’t been polished in years. It’s the kind of place where you could spend hours nursing one beer, and I suspect many people here do just that. Everyone is smoking, so I join in, lighting up a little cigar. Something about the place makes time feel expansive and I become acutely aware of the smallest details. I notice a woman sitting on a bar stool, her legs perpendicular, resting on a nearby banister so that they form a little drawbridge, which she raises and lowers as people pass by. I order something called a Trapiste beer. It’s warm. Normally, I don’t like warm beer, but I like this beer. All around me I hear the pleasant chortle of Dutch.

pages: 511 words: 111,423

Learning SPARQL by Bob Ducharme

Donald Knuth,, G4S, hypertext link, linked data, place-making, semantic web, SPARQL, web application

Still, the bigger the number, the further the function will look, and the more results you’ll get.) Tip When querying with the gs:nearby property function, asking for the owl:sameAs value of each resource place returned gives you its DBpedia URI—for example, for the town of Trowbridge. This lets you look up lots of additional information about each place, making it a nice example of Linked Data in action. Model-Driven Development Model-driven development has been a growing trend in application development in recent years, especially among developers who understand the advantages of RDF and the related standards. Before discussing it, let’s take a look at what it improves on. For about as long as computers have been around, software has been developed by first modeling a system’s components and their relationships (in the early days, by drawing flowcharts on graph paper using pencils and plastic templates; later, using software tools built around standards like UML) and then using those plans as guidelines for the actual coding.

Even the straight copying of remote triples for local storage can offer some nice advantages for your applications: If you’re not absolutely sure that the remote source will be available whenever you want it, storing local copies ensures that you’ll always have that data when you need it. Locally stored triples will be faster to process than remote ones. If you’ve pulled data from multiple sources, having it together in one place makes it easier to identify potential connections within the data than it would be if the data were spread across multiple remote servers. See Also How Do I Query a Remote Endpoint? Creating and Updating Data This section covers typical patterns of updating data, especially making common changes to multiple triples. Note These queries all assume that you have write access to the data that you want to change.

The Geography of Nowhere: The Rise and Decline of America's Man-Made Landscape by James Howard Kunstler

A Pattern Language, blue-collar work, California gold rush, car-free, City Beautiful movement, corporate governance, Donald Trump, financial independence, fixed income, Ford paid five dollars a day, Frank Gehry, germ theory of disease, indoor plumbing, jitney, land tenure, mass immigration, means of production, megastructure, Menlo Park, new economy, oil shock, Peter Calthorpe, place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, postindustrial economy, Potemkin village, Ronald Reagan, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Whole Earth Review, working poor, Works Progress Administration, yellow journalism

To do so will certainly require a transformation of the physical setting for our civilization, a remaking of the places where we live and work. � 1 1 2 ... Ch apter Seven TH E EVI L E M P I R E A merkan, have been living orr-rentered liv,," for ", long that the collective memory of what used to make a landscape or a townscape or even a suburb humanly rewarding has nearly been erased. The culture of good place-making, like the culture of farming, or agriculture, is a body of knowledge and acquired skills. It is not bred in the bone, and if it is not transmitted from one generation to the next, it is lost. Does the modern profession called urban planning have anything to do with making good places anymore ? Planners no longer employ the vocabulary of civic art, nor do they find the opportunity to practice it-the term civic art itself has nearly vanished in common usage.

Then the Arab Oil Embargo struck in the fall of 1973, and the traffic vanished from the big new shopping boulevard, and the bottom fell out of the economy for a while--though not long enough for America to get the message--and I began to dimly discern that the place itself, this new everyday environment, was the catastrophe. As a child of my times, I was naturally ignorant about the culture of place-making which America had thrown away in its eagerness to be­ come a �lltiQn. It simply wasn't there anymore, especially for someone unconnected to the formal study of architecture. Nobody I knew, or even knew of, talked about building good towns. Cities were considered hopeless--the official policy of urban renewal was a sick joke, and individual acts of urban gentrification were commonly sneered T H E G E O G R A P H Y O F N O W H E R E at as an offense to the poor.

New Localism and Regeneration Management by Jon Coaffee

glass ceiling, Kickstarter, place-making, post-industrial society, the built environment, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal

Area committees as a transformation tool in managing change In recent years, both external pressures and local challenges are transforming the formalised ways in which local government functions. Conceptually, this has been embraced by New Labour public policy with consistent calls for a movement away from narrow, elite and bureaucratic relations and networks, towards multiple and diverse relationships which are innovative, and shift away from static sectoral organisation. As such, there is a focus on holistic “place-making” and a move to create a better engagement between the local state and civil society (Coaffee and Healey, 2003). As such, the establishment of area committees highlights one method by which local governments are attempting to change from provider to enabler to partnership facilitator. The adoption of area committees highlights the “tensions between centralising power to get strategic focus and the encouragement for greater citizen voice” (Coaffee and Healey, 2003, p. 1982, see also Sullivan et al., 2001).

pages: 138 words: 40,525

This Is Not a Drill: An Extinction Rebellion Handbook by Extinction Rebellion

3D printing, autonomous vehicles, banks create money, bitcoin, blockchain, Buckminster Fuller, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, Colonization of Mars, crowdsourcing, David Attenborough, David Graeber, decarbonisation, deindustrialization, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, feminist movement, full employment, gig economy, global pandemic, ice-free Arctic, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), job automation, mass immigration, Peter Thiel, place-making, quantitative easing, Ray Kurzweil, Sam Altman, smart grid, supply-chain management, the scientific method, union organizing, urban sprawl, wealth creators

Urban economies no longer attempt to distribute wealth and ameliorate income and social polarities. Instead, they largely function to facilitate large capital enterprises so they can extract value from local economies, suck out and concentrate wealth within extra-local corporate supply chains. We need to unlock a city commons. Civil society is bursting with potential, ideas and skills to respond to the climate crisis and build community resilience. Examples abound of community- and place-making that challenge the uncommon corporate city and show glimpses of novel forms of citizen housing, common ownership, social/solidarity economy, community wealth, citizens forums, civil disobedience, attempts to revive local places, neighbourhoods and high streets, as well as to reclaim land. The Cleveland Model, Co-operation Jackson, the shack-dwellers movement, renters’ unions, housing cooperatives, open-source digital manufacture and crowd-sourced city plans are all showing how to reverse-engineer city communities and democracies to become places of safety and equality.

Building and Dwelling: Ethics for the City by Richard Sennett

Buckminster Fuller, car-free, clean water, cognitive dissonance, complexity theory, creative destruction, dematerialisation, Deng Xiaoping, double helix, Downton Abbey, East Village,, Frank Gehry, ghettoisation, housing crisis, illegal immigration, informal economy, interchangeable parts, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Jane Jacobs, Joseph Schumpeter, Kickstarter, Mark Zuckerberg, Masdar, mass immigration, means of production, megacity, new economy, Nicholas Carr, Norbert Wiener, open borders, place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Richard Florida, Shoshana Zuboff, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, smart cities, Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia, the built environment, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, urban planning, urban renewal, Victor Gruen

There’s no mistaking that the abbot’s garden of Ryōan-ji Temple is an artifice, carefully created rather than found nature. The bases of the rocks are cut so that they stand at different angles, following the rules of geomancy; the quartz gravel has been strictly selected, it is uniform in size, and chisel marks have been left to show on the erupting stones. Today, with the garden complete, the place makes a profound impression, or rather two strong impressions. One might be called its studied absences, the sense of elimination and refined erasure. What the garden represents is not the point of being there – in Zen, there is no point; one seeks release from naming, pointing, underlining, intending. But the other impression is of the strong presence of the physical objects in this carefully designed space; one is intensely aware of the stones as things in themselves.

The Dryline, invoking the High Line pleasure park made out of a disused elevated railway track, would be essentially a ten-mile long berm, a built-up edge along the southern Manhattan tip, made of infilled sand and earth created just beyond the existing waterfront, on top of which and behind which there are constructed pleasure gardens, urban trails and the like. The Dryline thus promises pleasure in its place-making at the same time as the berm serves as a defence against storm surges. The problem, the climate scientist Klaus Jacob points out, is that the Dryline has a fixed height (currently 15 feet) and, as sea levels rise, storm surges will breach it. As with the radio broadcaster, the designers are trapped in a fixed, closed calculation. And as with the streets around the Googleplex, it’s not really possible to shut out the surrounding environment, in the long term.

pages: 133 words: 47,871

Flying to the Moon: An Astronaut's Story by Michael Collins

Albert Einstein, Charles Lindbergh, place-making

I knew it was going to hit either the hatch frame or my helmet. If hatch frame, fine, but if helmet, that meant I wasn’t down far enough, and I would have to go back outside and try again. Which would it be? Click! The best sound ever, as the hatch slid smoothly into place. Now all I had to do was unstow the locking handle, and crank, and crank, until—finally—it was locked. Then I tried to be funny. “This place makes the snake house at the zoo look like a Sunday school picnic,” I said, referring to the fact that I couldn’t see much besides a jillion loops of umbilical line. John and I took a good fifteen minutes to get that umbilical and all the rest of the space-walk equipment under control. We put it all together into one large package, which we then dropped overboard, opening the hatch for the third time in two days.

pages: 422 words: 131,666

Life Inc.: How the World Became a Corporation and How to Take It Back by Douglas Rushkoff

addicted to oil, affirmative action, Amazon Mechanical Turk, anti-globalists, banks create money, big-box store, Bretton Woods, car-free, Charles Lindbergh, colonial exploitation, Community Supported Agriculture, complexity theory, computer age, corporate governance, credit crunch, currency manipulation / currency intervention, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, death of newspapers, don't be evil, Donald Trump, double entry bookkeeping, easy for humans, difficult for computers, financial innovation, Firefox, full employment, global village, Google Earth, greed is good, Howard Rheingold, income per capita, invention of the printing press, invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, John Nash: game theory, joint-stock company, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, laissez-faire capitalism, loss aversion, market bubble, market design, Marshall McLuhan, Milgram experiment, moral hazard, mutually assured destruction, Naomi Klein, negative equity, new economy, New Urbanism, Norbert Wiener, peak oil, peer-to-peer, place-making, placebo effect, Ponzi scheme, price mechanism, price stability, principal–agent problem, private military company, profit maximization, profit motive, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, rent-seeking, RFID, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, short selling, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, social software, Steve Jobs, Telecommunications Act of 1996, telemarketer, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, too big to fail, trade route, trickle-down economics, union organizing, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, Vannevar Bush, Victor Gruen, white flight, working poor, Works Progress Administration, Y2K, young professional, zero-sum game

The problem with this, as originally pointed out by the German philosopher Walter Benjamin in his seminal essay “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction,” is that by removing something from its original context or setting, we kill the sense of awe that we might attach to its uniqueness. Great works of art were once intrinsically a part of their settings. The stained-glass windows at Chartres are inseparable from the cathedral in which they are set, as is the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel from the basilica, or even Stonehenge from its countryside. According to Benjamin, the pilgrimage to the work of art and the specific location where the encounter takes place makes for a sacred event. Once The Last Supper is brought to a generic museum or, worse, replicated thousands of times in a book, it has been removed from its context—from the material processes of its creation. It loses both its religious possibilities and its connection to the labor that created it. To be sure, the reproduced work of art is much more accessible. Thanks to photographic technology, any schoolchild can see a pretty accurate picture of The Last Supper in a book or on the Internet.

Pushing toxic waste out of one neighborhood forces the dumping corporations to find a new place for it; prices on processing garbage go up, and corporations are encouraged to make less trash in order to preserve their bottom line. While rooftop agriculture may not feed our entire metropolitan population, plenty of other opportunities exist for those seeking a more direct connection with the people and places making their food. Community-supported-agriculture groups, or CSAs, let typical food consumers become members of their local agricultural community. Instead of buying Big Agra produce shipped long distances to the supermarket, people make a commitment to buy a season’s worth of crops from a local farm and then either pay up front or by subscription over the course of a year. Some farms require their members to work a few hours during the growing season, others let members work in lieu of payment.

pages: 567 words: 122,311

Lean Analytics: Use Data to Build a Better Startup Faster by Alistair Croll, Benjamin Yoskovitz

Airbnb, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Amazon Web Services, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, barriers to entry, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Ben Horowitz, bounce rate, business intelligence, call centre, cloud computing, cognitive bias, commoditize, constrained optimization,, Firefox, Frederick Winslow Taylor, frictionless, frictionless market, game design, Google X / Alphabet X, Infrastructure as a Service, Internet of things, inventory management, Kickstarter, lateral thinking, Lean Startup, lifelogging, longitudinal study, Marshall McLuhan, minimum viable product, Network effects, pattern recognition, Paul Graham, performance metric, place-making, platform as a service, recommendation engine, ride hailing / ride sharing, rolodex, sentiment analysis, skunkworks, Skype, social graph, social software, software as a service, Steve Jobs, subscription business, telemarketer, transaction costs, two-sided market, Uber for X, web application, Y Combinator

In the absence of any other information, this is a good place to start. We’ll share some industry benchmarks that may be helpful to you later in the book. The Squeeze Toy There’s another important aspect to the OMTM. And we can’t really explain it better than with a squeeze toy. If you optimize your business to maximize one metric, something important happens. Just like one of those bulging stress-relief squeeze toys, squeezing it in one place makes it bulge out in another. And that’s a good thing. Optimizing your OMTM not only squeezes that metric so you get the most out of it, but it also reveals the next place you need to focus your efforts, which often happens at an inflection point for your business: Perhaps you’ve optimized the number of enrollments in your gym, and you’ve done all you can to maximize revenues—but now you need to focus on cost per customer so you turn a profit.

.), limitations, constraints, and opportunities. One tactic for mapping this out is a “day in the life” storyboard. A storyboard is visual—it’s going to involve lots of multicolored sticky notes plastered on the wall—and it allows you to navigate through a customer’s life and figure out where your solution will have the most impact. Figure 15-1 shows an example of a storyboard. Having this map in place makes it much easier to come up with good hypotheses around how, when, and by whom your solution will be used. You can experiment with different tactics for interrupting users and infiltrating their lives. The right level of positive access will allow to use your product successfully.. Mapping a day in the life of your customer will also reveal obvious holes in your understanding of your customer, and those are areas of risk you may want to tackle quickly.

pages: 1,797 words: 390,698

Power at Ground Zero: Politics, Money, and the Remaking of Lower Manhattan by Lynne B. Sagalyn

affirmative action, airport security, Bonfire of the Vanities, clean water, conceptual framework, corporate governance, deindustrialization, Donald Trump, Edward Glaeser, estate planning, Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Bilbao, high net worth, informal economy, intermodal, iterative process, Jane Jacobs, mortgage debt, New Urbanism, place-making, rent control, Rosa Parks, Rubik’s Cube, Silicon Valley, sovereign wealth fund, the built environment, the High Line, time value of money, too big to fail, Torches of Freedom, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, white flight, young professional

The extensive debates about vision, countless public meetings, forums with stakeholders, noisy controversies over design, and press-saturated politics produced more progress in the three emotionally charged years following 9/11 than many New Yorkers were able to acknowledge. Workable plans for four elements central to rebuilding the Trade Center—a 9/11 Memorial design, a fully dimensioned site plan, a dramatic design for a place-making Transportation Hub, and an iconic 1,776-foot skyscraper—had been extracted from competing ambitions, contentious turf battles, and conflicts between the twin goals of remembrance and rebuilding that seemed to defy clean resolution. These pieces created a foundation for moving forward with the actual work of rebuilding. What ultimately emerged from these set pieces would depend on numerous design decisions, financial calls, technical challenges, and political considerations—in short, decisions about how to implement the ideas would redefine the conceptual visions that had been put before the public.

The Port Authority agreed to retain Studio Daniel Libeskind to develop design guidelines that, the Times reported, “will set the size of the terminal building, its prominent architectural features and other aesthetic elements that will make it look like the drawings that have been widely circulated.”8 The next month, however, when the Port Authority announced it had selected famed Spanish architect-engineer Santiago Calatrava to design the PATH terminal, the artistic prominence of the selection diminished the likelihood that Libeskind would have a role in this place-making element of the site plan. Six months later when the design was unveiled to widespread acclaim, Calatrava paid homage to Libeskind’s “Wedge of Light” concept in the way he positioned the terminal obliquely on the block. Libeskind said he was “very moved” when Calatrava showed him the direction for the station, “which not only is reinforcing the Wedge of Light but creating something wonderful as a civic building.”

When the “bird in flight” opened its wings every September 11, Calatrava said, the “Wedge of Light” would shine through and preserve Libeskind’s intended architectural expression. Over time, though, the plaza would morph into a mere landscaped sidewalk as out-of-control, financially driven changes pushed the Port Authority to eliminate the wings’ opening movement. Little more than a year after Libeskind’s plan had been heralded, many of its signature place-making elements had been “altered, reduced or eliminated,” Robin Pogrebin wrote from the Times cultural desk in “The Incredible Shrinking Daniel Libeskind.” Despite repeated modification to his master plan, Libeskind’s equanimity held, surprisingly. “I would be throwing myself off an elevation,” said Nina Libeskind. “But Daniel had the capacity to look at something and find the good in it, to find the way it respected this or that element of his concept.”

pages: 208 words: 51,277

Chicken: The Dangerous Transformation of America's Favorite Food by Steve Striffler

clean water, collective bargaining, corporate raider, illegal immigration, immigration reform, longitudinal study, market design, place-making, Ronald Reagan, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile

Tyson comes in and tries to play like our union didn’t exist. So we had to fight. This I will believe until the day I die. We had to do it. Was it worth it? Hell no! Don’t let anyone tell you it was. People lost houses, family. They had to move. And this was with all the help the Teamsters could give us. . . . This consumed some of us for ten years. We fought and we ended up with the same crappy job we had in the first place. Makes you wonder. When I look at what it did to me, my family, I can’t help but think I should have just accepted what Holly The Right to Work 79 and Tyson were doing. But I couldn’t have done that either. They [Holly–Tyson] just had no respect for us. I don’t know if they do now, but I can at least respect myself.14 The Growers’ Predicament In July , Holly Farms informed fifty-four poultry growers that their contracts would not be renewed after September.

pages: 169 words: 55,866

Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture by Douglas Coupland

gravity well, McJob, oil shock, place-making, Ponzi scheme

They have to reach for live animals placed on the table and suck the food right out of them." Okay, okay. This is a cruel, lopsided judgment of what Palm Springs really is —a small town where old people are trying to buy back their youth and a few rungs on the social ladder. As the expression goes, we spend our youth attaining wealth, and our wealth attaining youth. It's really not a bad place here, and it's undeniably lovely—hey, I do live here, after all. But the place makes me worry. ***** There is no weather in Palm Springs—just like TV. There is also no middle class, and in that sense the place is medieval. Dag says that every time someone on the planet uses a paper clip, fabric softens their laundry, or watches a rerun of "Hee Haw" on TV, a resident somewhere here in the Coachella Valley collects a penny. He's probably right. Claire notices that the rich people here pay the poor people to cut the thorns from their cactuses.

pages: 195 words: 52,701

Better Buses, Better Cities by Steven Higashide

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, autonomous vehicles, business process, congestion charging, decarbonisation, Elon Musk, Hyperloop, income inequality, intermodal, jitney, Lyft, mass incarceration, Pareto efficiency, performance metric, place-making, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, six sigma, smart cities, transportation-network company, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, urban planning, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, young professional

Transit planners and engineers have a full toolkit of technologies, techniques, and designs they can use to streamline a bus route, detailed in manuals such as the National Association of City Transportation Officials’ Transit Street Design Guide. First, they can cut down on the amount of time the bus is stopped to pick up passengers. Many American buses stop every few blocks, sometimes every block, and on some rare occasions, multiple times on the same block! By eliminating certain stops and asking riders to walk a bit further, they can make the trip faster for everyone. Even how bus stops get placed makes a difference. When buses have to pull over to the curb, they get delayed fighting back into traffic. On the other hand, bus stops can be “in-lane,” with the sidewalk extended to meet the bus. This prioritizes the bus: Instead of bus riders waiting for drivers to pass, drivers wait for bus riders to board. They can also let riders board at every door (asking them to prepay at a machine at the bus stop or tap their farecard on a validator on the bus).

pages: 532 words: 155,470

One Less Car: Bicycling and the Politics of Automobility by Zack Furness, Zachary Mooradian Furness

active transport: walking or cycling, affirmative action, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, back-to-the-land, Build a better mousetrap, Burning Man, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, colonial rule, conceptual framework, dumpster diving, Enrique Peñalosa, European colonialism, feminist movement, ghettoisation, Golden Gate Park, interchangeable parts, intermodal, Internet Archive, Jane Jacobs, Kickstarter, market fundamentalism, means of production, Naomi Klein, New Urbanism, peak oil, place-making, post scarcity, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, sustainable-tourism, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Thomas L Friedman, Thorstein Veblen, urban planning, Whole Earth Catalog, Whole Earth Review, working poor, Yom Kippur War

For example, punks also celebrate bikes in ways that highlight the unique and sometimes contradictory perspective that bicycling lends to the experience of the city: As I ride, I can feel the street Like a river, it flows rapidly Through the city, it propels Me towards a tragic, bloody crash, oh well An inch from death seems to be The only place to find some peace The only place to ride a bike and Feel alive and find a sense of pride And dignity.18 Bicycling, as Joshua Switzky argues, is an exercise in geography whereby cyclists “become intimately familiar with our networks of public spaces, and with a city’s terrain and its inhabitants.”19 it is a form of mobility that renders cities imageable in ways that differ from and are at the same time connected to other ways of moving and dwelling: it is “one path to an alternative understanding of the urban,” as Jen petersen puts it.20 The narratives produced about bicycling—whether in punk lyrics, zines, blogs, cartoons, or documentary films—contribute heavily to this process by (re)presenting and making meaningful both the totality of “the urban” and the nuances of living in a city. indeed, the process of rethinking the city through the bicycle is as much discursive as it is physical: the various emotional and material (e.g., specific corners, potholes, and alleys) details in the everyday world of bike riders function as signposts and markers that construct “shadow maps” of cities that exist both within and outside of the purview of automobility.21 in this sense, bicycles are actively enlisted in a distinctive process of “place making,” as Erik ruin, a printmaker and author of the Trouble in Mind zine, explains: “There’s a way of knowing a city that’s very particular to biking through it. The slowness allows you to really see things, even to stop and look. The speed gives you some safety and a distance that’s really conducive to fluid thought.”22 For everyday riders, one’s world becomes rearticulated around and through their bicycle as pragmatic cycling routes and favorite rides synthesize psychogeographical maps of spaces that are instinctively measured and charted in terms of their bikeability: anywhere you want to go in Gainesville, you can probably get there from the intersection of university and main on bike in 20 minutes.

., 19 anti-roads program, 78 appadurai, arjun, 188 appropriate technology (aT) movement, 65–66, 191, 192–193; and counterculture, 68; critiques of, 68–69 armstrong, lance, 4–5, 119, 222n25 arnison, Matthew, 81 aronson, Sydney, 15 Arrested Development (television program), 112 articulations, 9 asheville recyclery, 149, 173 asia, railroad system in, 190 athineos, Steve “The Greek,” 125 atton, Chris, 144, 147 austin, Texas, 58 australia, 13, 172; bicycling in, 4 autobahn, 51 auto capitalism, 7 auto industry: automobile factories, forced labor in, 241n22; mass media’s shaping of, 49 automobile-industrial complex, 6 automobiles: and american dream, 7; critiques of, as cultural elitism, 7; drivers of, as victims, 129; and fatalities, 80, 135; as framing device, 88; “governors” devices in, 240n7; isolation of, 87; lack of future of, in cities, 208; love affair with, 5–6; and mobility, 45; and pedestrian fatalities, 124, 132; as automobiles (continued) replacement of citizens, 86; rise of, 48; and sales figures, 221n22; as status symbol, 6; and SUv hybrids, 288n10 automobility, 16–17, 23, 52, 54, 109–110, 204–205, 210; alienation of, 88; bad driving as aberration of, 131; and breaking of traffic laws, 132; and car accidents, 132; city as contested space of, 83; critiques of, 59; as dangerous, 131–132; and environmentalism, 60, 65; and gender, 180–181; as gendered phenomenon, 113; and Global South, 190; and gridlock, 208; as inevitable, 117; and masculinity, 114; and mobility, 213; and mutant bikes, 154–155; news media’s support of, 137; perpetuation of cultural supremacy of, 138; as political, 6, 96; protests of, 60, 62, 63–65; and public space, 83, 87, 104, 212–213; and roads, 83; system of, 6; as term, 6; and traffic deaths, 68 autopia, 60 autopolis, 52 awakening (band), 147 Ayamye (film), 283n49 Back-to-the-land movement, 68 Baker, Jimmy, 147 Bakhtin, Mikhail, 90 Balsley, Gene, 156 Bardwell, Sarah 219n7 Barnett, Gabrielle, 44–45 Barrett, Betty, 120 Baudry de Saunier, louis, 25 Baxter, Sylvester, 32, 39, 233n87 Bean-larson, Dennis, 163 Bel Geddes, norman, 50, 208 Belgian Congo, 196 Benepe, Barry, 67 Benjamin, Walter, 44 Benstock, Marcy, 63, 245n80 Berger, arthur asa, 66–67 Berkman, rivvy, 63, 67 Besse, nadine, 18, 25 Bey, Hakim (aka peter lamborn Wilson), 90–91 La Bicicleta y los Triciclos: Alternativas de Trans- porte para America Latina (navarro), 192 Bicimáquinas, 188 Bicycle action project Earn a Bike (EaB) pro gram, 171 Bicycle advisory Committees, 74 Bicycle Coalition of Greater philadelphia, 63, 68 Bicycle Commuters of new york, 268n113 Bicycle counterculture, 8 Bicycle craze, 14, 16, 196 Bicycle donation programs, 201 Bicycle Ecology, 60 Bicycle Ecology Day, 60 Bicycle education programs, 13, 71–72 Bicycle Habitat, 179 Bicycle production, 213–214, 217, 246n95; and labor practices, 216 Bicycle racing, 25 Bicycles, 217; and accidents, 132–133, 264n66, 267–268n111; advertising of, 18–19, 25; as anti-spectacular device, 89; aura of, 18; bamboo bicycles, 293n63; and bike hacking, 157; boyhood association with, 50; and centaur as metaphor, 23; and class discrimination, 32–33; classic bicycles, 260n29; collective shift to, 213; and colonialism, 196–198; compared to horses, 23–24, 232n65; and consumerism, 19, 160–161; and cyborgs, 24–25; design of, 115; as embodiment of environmentalism, 59, 246n99; as first luxury item, 17; fixed-gear bikes, 162–167; as “freedom machine,” 17; granny bikes, revival of, 167; idea of, 18; interest in custom builders of, 167–168; as metaphor for independence, 45; obsession with style and, 163; and oil embargo, 65; and “ordinaries,” 19; and pedestrian accidents, 264n66; and pedestrian fatalities, 268n117; and place making, 146; posters of, 18; in public protests, 104–105; and recycling, 154, 280n10; revival of as utilitarian, 167; and road taxes, 269n121; and rural women and girls, 190; sales of, 18, 49, 65; secondhand bikes, revival of, 167; signifying power of, 196, 198; and single-speed conversion, 153, 162, 167, 274n56; and social construction of technology (SCOT) paradigm, 226–227n2; as social revolutionizer, 32; support of as transportation, 8; as symbol of resistance, 47, 58; and telegraph messenger boys, 50; ten-speed bicycle, popularity of, 67; twenty-first-century usage of, 205–206, 218; as utility vehicles, 50; as utopian mode of transportation, 59; victory bicycles, 120, 262n47.

pages: 903 words: 235,753

The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty by Benjamin H. Bratton

1960s counterculture, 3D printing, 4chan, Ada Lovelace, additive manufacturing, airport security, Alan Turing: On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem, algorithmic trading, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Amazon Web Services, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, basic income, Benevolent Dictator For Life (BDFL), Berlin Wall, bioinformatics, bitcoin, blockchain, Buckminster Fuller, Burning Man, call centre, carbon footprint, carbon-based life, Cass Sunstein, Celebration, Florida, charter city, clean water, cloud computing, connected car, corporate governance, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, dark matter, David Graeber, deglobalization, dematerialisation, disintermediation, distributed generation, don't be evil, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk,, Eratosthenes, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, facts on the ground, Flash crash, Frank Gehry, Frederick Winslow Taylor, future of work, Georg Cantor, gig economy, global supply chain, Google Earth, Google Glasses, Guggenheim Bilbao, High speed trading, Hyperloop, illegal immigration, industrial robot, information retrieval, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), intermodal, Internet of things, invisible hand, Jacob Appelbaum, Jaron Lanier, Joan Didion, John Markoff, Joi Ito, Jony Ive, Julian Assange, Khan Academy, liberal capitalism, lifelogging, linked data, Mark Zuckerberg, market fundamentalism, Marshall McLuhan, Masdar, McMansion, means of production, megacity, megastructure, Menlo Park, Minecraft, MITM: man-in-the-middle, Monroe Doctrine, Network effects, new economy, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, packet switching, PageRank, pattern recognition, peak oil, peer-to-peer, performance metric, personalized medicine, Peter Eisenman, Peter Thiel, phenotype, Philip Mirowski, Pierre-Simon Laplace, place-making, planetary scale, RAND corporation, recommendation engine, reserve currency, RFID, Robert Bork, Sand Hill Road, self-driving car, semantic web, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Slavoj Žižek, smart cities, smart grid, smart meter, social graph, software studies, South China Sea, sovereign wealth fund, special economic zone, spectrum auction, Startup school, statistical arbitrage, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, Stuxnet, Superbowl ad, supply-chain management, supply-chain management software, TaskRabbit, the built environment, The Chicago School, the scientific method, Torches of Freedom, transaction costs, Turing complete, Turing machine, Turing test, undersea cable, universal basic income, urban planning, Vernor Vinge, Washington Consensus, web application, Westphalian system, WikiLeaks, working poor, Y Combinator

Elizabeth Grosz develops a philosophical trope of demarcation as an elemental principle of animal world-making. She writes, “The earth can be infinitely divided, territorialized, framed. … Framing is how chaos becomes territory. Framing is the means by which objects are delimited, qualities unleashed and art is made possible.”27 Making enclosure by drawing a segment of the world into a presentation is elementary place-making; it is the gesture of geography. Schmitt would not disagree up to this point. The frame, however, is a peculiar sort of introduction of difference whereby the surface of things appears to fold in on itself. It captures and exhibits its subject curled back on itself by a delineation of figure and ground. Grosz links the act of framing, however, not to the subtractive competition of natural selection but to the multiplicative energy of sexual selection and its economies of display, expenditure, and abundance.

For the latter, logistics is a technical imaginary for the world in choreographic motion, an image that in turn becomes a technique for organizing the world as a distributed, generalized complex of distributed, integrated interfaces. 29.  A possible methodological framework: Interface design is less about the design of a thing than of a condition of transference (that could become a thing) and can take at least three main forms. First-order interface design produces the conditions of interassemblage between people, things, or places—making it good, smart, fast, flexible, sustainable, and so on. This is how urban planning and public policy are also interface design. Second-order interface design produces images of interassemblage that give order, predictability, and clarity to how people use systems. These images are very powerful guides—so powerful that they really are the interfaces to what they represent. This is how graphic designers are interface designers.

See cars: driverless personal rapid transit (PRT) systems, 282 personhood, 173–175, 271, 439n65 persuasive interfaces, 224, 430n65 pervasive computing, 113, 172, 301–302 petroglyphs, 309 phone-car interface, 280 physicalization of abstraction, 29, 33 physical-to-virtual binary opposition, 19 Pinochet, Augusto, 59, 385n25 piracy, 380n15 pirate radio, 244–245 placebo interfaces, 224 placefulness, 16, 29, 155 place-making, 84, 149–150, 310 planetary computational economy, 92 planetary data infrastructure, 267 planetary photography, 150, 300, 354 planetary-scale computation architecture, 5, 197 assignment claimed by, 122 cartographic imperative of, 191 client-side versus server-side critique, 356–357 climactic impact of, 92–93, 96 design and, 192, 356 divides crossed, 27–28 ecological governance convergence, 98 economic geography, effect on, 199 elements of, 5 emergence of, 3, 13, 55 energy footprint, 82–83, 92–96, 106–107, 113, 140–141, 258–260, 303–304 forms taken, 4–5 future of, 351, 356 Google's occupation of, 34–40 governance and, 27 jurisdictions, 357 limits to growth, 93–94 at microlevel of the object, 191–192 neoliberalism and, 21 physical world, relation to, 358 political geography and, 6, 11 real project of, 404n11 space of, 34–40, 303 technologies’ alignment into, 4–5 urban design for, 160 Planetary Skin Institute, 88–90, 92, 97–98, 106, 180, 336, 392n42, 452n67 planetary supersurfaces, 188–189 planetary visualization, 452n69 Planet of the Apes, 182 planetology, comparative, 300–302, 333, 353, 360 plan of action, 43, 342 platform architecture, ideal, 49–50 platform-as-state, 7–8, 42, 48–50, 120–123, 140, 295, 315–316, 319, 327, 335, 341 platform-based robotics, 138–139 platform cities, 183–189 platform design, 44, 48, 51 platform economics network value, 159 platform surplus value, 48, 137, 159, 309, 374 User platform value, 309, 375–376 User surplus, 48 value versus price, indexing of, 336 platforms accidents of, 51 authority, 57 autonomy, 136, 282, 339 centralization versus decentralization, 48 characteristics of, 47–51, 214 City layer, designs for, 177 competition between, 50 component standardization, 47–48 control-decontrol paradox in, 46 decision-making, 44, 341–342 defined, 42, 328, 374, 383n4 diagrams ensnaring actors in, 44 economically sustainable, 48 etymology, 43 exchange value, 51 functions of, 19, 41, 119, 328, 342 future of, 117, 141–145, 244, 295, 315–316 genealogy of, 42 generic universality, 49 geography, 110–112 governing, 109, 119, 143 identity, 42 information mediated, 46 institutional forms, 44 introduction, 41–46 logic, 19, 44, 314 mechanics, 44–51 model-to-real correlation, 387n33 network effects, 48 neutrality, 44 origins, 46 overview of, 41–46 physicality and tactility of, 129–130 platform of platforms, 332–333 platform-within-a-platform principle, 284 plots in, 44 as remedy and poison, 5, 133 robotics, shift to, 362 service infrastructures, 116 as stacks, 7–8, 42–43 standardization, 44–46 theory, 41, 47 wars, 110, 123–125, 295 platform sovereignty activist stance on, 312 architectural surface interfaciality in, 166–167 City layer infrastructures role in, 151–153 constitutional violence of, 155 deciding exceptions in, 21 decision-making, 32–33, 44 defined, 374 derivation of, 37 design, 87–88 emergence of, 33, 152 grid programmability providing, 38 guarantees, 151 of nonhuman User, 273 overview of, 51 paradoxes of, 37 principle of, 36 productive accidents of, 37 reversibility, 22, 152–153 states, 339 urban envelopes, 159, 258 platform surplus value, 38, 48, 137, 159, 309, 374 platform totalities, 297 plot, 43–44 Plug-In City (Archigram), 179 pluralism, 302–303 polis, segmentation of, 241 political, the, 6, 30, 379n10 political agency, 173–175, 250, 258 political-geographic order, 26, 56 political identity of the User, 260, 347 political machine, stack as, 55–58 political philosophy, 20 political rights of the User, 285 political subjectivity, 21, 136, 152, 258, 260, 268 political technology, territory as, 335 political theology, 105, 236, 243, 297, 426n46 politico-theological geographies, 242, 248, 320–322 politics agonistic logics of, 180, 247 architectural, 166–167 interfacial, 244–246 of Internet of Things, 204 norms of, 39 Schmittian, spatial dimension of, 381n24 of ubiquitous computing, 203 “Politics of the Envelope, The” (Zaera-Polo), 166 Pontecorvo, Gillo, 244 poor doors, 311 pop futurist media, 432n71 Popper, Karl, 459n19 popular ecology movement, 86 Portzamparc, Christian de, 311 postage stamps, 194 postal identity, 193–196, 206 postal system, 132, 153–154, 195 post-Anthropocenic geopolitics, 285 post-Anthropocenic User, 264 Postel, John, 319 post-Fordism, 231 posthumanism, 275 post-human User, 285, 287–288 “Postscript on Societies of Control” (Deleuze), 157–158 Pourparlers (Deleuze), 147 Pouzin, Louis, 41 poverty ending, 303, 443n23 interiority/exteriority of, 311–312 politics of, 312, 444n30 of working poor, 331 power architecture symbolizing, 325 cultural legitimacy of exercise of, 424n41 of extralegal violence, 317 monopolizing, 308–309 shifts in, 233, 312–313 power-knowledge asymmetries, 454n75 power of brand, 128, 130 “Powers of Ten” (Eames and Eames), 52 power tools, 438n59 preagricultural societies, 149 presence, 205 Price, Cedric, 179, 201 Princeton Radio Project, 254 Prism, 9, 121, 320 privacy axiomatization of individual, 409n42 biopolitics of, 159, 360 cost of, 136, 285, 445n37 expectations of, 346 meta-metadata recursivity for, 287 right to, 270, 285 sacralization through encryption, 347 privacy markets, 285, 445n37 private human User, dissolution of, 289 private versus public space, 159 production labor.

pages: 203 words: 14,242

Ship It!: A Practical Guide to Successful Software Projects by Jared R. Richardson, William A. Gwaltney

continuous integration, David Heinemeier Hansson, Donald Knuth, index card, MVC pattern, place-making, Ruby on Rails, web application

If no one in the group is learning anything, the reports might be too terse. If more details are needed in a particular area, push those topics into a side meeting with a smaller group. However, the two-minute rule is a guideline, not a law. You may find thirty seconds is just fine, or you may need three minutes. • Are meetings consistently held the same time and place every day, or do they fluctuate? Having daily meetings at the same time and place makes it easy to remember. Meetings can move occasionally, but avoid mixing things up frequently. • If you stopped holding the meetings, would people complain? They should! The team should come to depend on the daily meeting to stay “in the loop.” If the meetings can be dismissed, then they weren’t providing value. The team should rely on the daily meeting as an invaluable resource. Warning Signs Daily meetings are a great tool.

Rough Guide Directions Bruges & Ghent by Phil Lee

British Empire, Kickstarter, place-making, spinning jenny, the market place

P.54 THE MARKT, BRUGES & P.125 CENTRAL GHENT 12/20/07 10:40:08 AM Speciality shops in Bruges 40 Bruges is a wellheeled city and its prosperity is reflected in its speciality shops, selling everything from high-spec furnishings and fittings through to wallet-emptying antiques and locally made lace. 01 Bruges&Ghent Idea section 9-440 40 Callebert The Belgians are strong on contemporary, domestic design – everything from kettles to sofas – and Callebert proves the point. P.53 THE MARKT, BRUGES 12/20/07 10:40:12 AM 41 TinTin Shop Belgium’s bequiffed cartoon hero has spawned a cottage industry of keepsakes and souvenirs. P.55 THE MARKT, BRUGES Kasimirs Antiques are big business in Bruges, and this immaculate place makes for excellent browsing. P.77 SOUTH OF THE MARKT, BRUGES Bilbo The pick of Bruges’s record shops, both for new and old CDs and vinyl. P.77 SOUTH OF THE MARKT, BRUGES 01 Bruges&Ghent Idea section 9-441 41 12/20/07 10:40:22 AM Festivals 42 Bruges, and to a lesser extent Ghent, put on an ambitious programme of festivals and special events. One or two, like the solemn HeiligBloedprocessie, are deeply embedded in Flemish history, while others are geared up for the inhabitants of the small surrounding villages.

Creatures of a Day: And Other Tales of Psychotherapy by Irvin D. Yalom

fixed income, place-making, pre–internet, Silicon Valley, Skype

“I know these pronouncements are meant to be helpful, but I’m not getting it. You’re saying that? . . .” he held out his hands, palms facing me, fingers splayed. “I’m wondering if, at some deeper level, you might feel that giving up your spontaneity is risky, that it brings death closer. I mean, if we look at your situation rationally, we’d ask, ‘What’s the real threat in doing some things on schedule?’ At seventy-seven putting your keys in some designated place makes sense. I sure need to do that. And obviously it makes sense to go to exercise classes or current events discussion at a certain time because a group’s existence requires a designated time to get together.” “I’m not claiming that my thought is rational. I grant that it doesn’t make sense.” “But it does make sense if we assume it is powered by some deep, not entirely conscious fear. I think that being ‘on schedule’ symbolizes, to you, marching in lockstep with everyone else toward death.

pages: 169 words: 56,250

Startup Communities: Building an Entrepreneurial Ecosystem in Your City by Brad Feld

barriers to entry, cleantech, cloud computing, corporate social responsibility, G4S, Grace Hopper, job satisfaction, Kickstarter, Lean Startup, minimum viable product, Network effects, paypal mafia, Peter Thiel, place-making, pre–internet, Richard Florida, Ruby on Rails, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, smart cities, software as a service, Steve Jobs, text mining, Y Combinator, zero-sum game, Zipcar

Government runs in short time cycles, usually less than four years. It often feels like we are in an endless campaign cycle and, in some cases, at least half of the activity of government leaders feels like it is around the process of getting reelected. After an election, there is often a three-month lame-duck period where nothing happens, followed by a six-month period as the new administration gears up, puts new leaders in place, makes its plans, does its studies, writes its reports, and then launches its new initiatives. That’s nine months of a four-year cycle wasted. Startup communities can’t wait—they are growing and changing every day. It is well known that government can inhibit business activity. The easy things to pin on government are overwhelming regulatory activity, misguided tax policy that stalls investment in entrepreneurial companies, shortsighted tax policy that drives entrepreneurial companies to neighboring cities or states, and constrictive zoning rules, especially in downtown cores, that drive rents up and lower inventory of office and living space.

Learning Flask Framework by Matt Copperwaite, Charles Leifer

create, read, update, delete, database schema, Debian, DevOps, don't repeat yourself, full text search, place-making, Skype, web application

It allows you to define your website in small blocks that are pieced together to form complete pages. On our blog, for instance, we will have blocks for the header, the sidebar, the footer, as well as templates, for rendering blog posts. This approach is DRY (Don't Repeat Yourself), which means that the markup contained in each block should not be copied or pasted elsewhere. Since the HTML for each part of the site exists in only one place, making changes and fixing bugs is much easier. Jinja2 also allows you to embed display logic in the template. For instance, we may wish to display a log out button to users who are logged in, but display a log in form to users browsing anonymously. As you will see, it is very easy to accomplish these types of things with a bit of template logic. From the beginning, Flask was built with Jinja2 in mind, so working with templates in your Flask app is extremely easy.

Scotland Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

agricultural Revolution, British Empire, carbon footprint, clean water, demand response, European colonialism, James Watt: steam engine, land reform, North Sea oil, oil shale / tar sands, Piper Alpha, place-making, smart cities, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban sprawl

Drop into Sir Walter Scott’s Courtroom (Market Sq; admission free; 10am-4pm Mon-Fri, 11am-3pm Sat Apr-Sep, & 11am-3pm Sun May-Aug, noon-3pm Mon-Sat Oct) , where there’s an exhibition on the man’s life and writings, plus a fascinating account of the courageous explorer Mungo Park (born near Selkirk) and his search for the River Niger. Sleeping Philipburn Country House Hotel HOTEL ££ ( 01750-20747; uk; r lodge/standard/luxury £90/125/175; ) On the edge of town, this place makes a sound place to stay. New owners have pepped this former dower house up, and it features neat rooms and a snug bar and restaurant. The luxury rooms are great – some have a jacuzzi, while another is a split-level affair with a double balcony. There are room-only rates available in the separate lodge (single/double £60/70), which has self-catering facilities. County Hotel HOTEL ££ ( 01750-721233;; Market Sq; s/d £45/89; ) Located in the centre, this is a former coaching inn that has comfortable, recently refurbished rooms.

Minnigaff Youth Hostel HOSTEL £ (SYHA; 01671-402211;; Minnigaff; dm £15.25; Apr-Sep; ) This converted school is a well-equipped hostel with eight-bed dorms in a tranquil spot 800m north of the bridge on the eastern bank. Although it’s popular with outdoor enthusiasts, you may just about have the place to yourself. Expect a lockout until 5pm. Café Cree CAFE £ (; 48 Victoria St, Newton Stewart; mains £6-10; lunch & dinner; ) On the main street, this most hospitable place makes a real effort to source produce locally, and creates wraps, salads, and other dishes vibrant with flavour with it. To try the best of the region, go for a ‘local hero platter’, with smoked salmon, cheese and other goodies. They’ll even spoil your canine companions. Information Tourist office ( 01671-402431;; Dashwood Sq; 10am-4pm Mon-Sat Apr-Oct) Getting There & Away Buses stop in Newton Stewart (Dashwood Sq) on their way to Stranraer (45 minutes) and Dumfries (1½ hours); both served several times daily.

If you get stuck, there’s almost always an Italian or Indian restaurant where you can get meat-free pizza, pasta or curry. Vegans, though, may find the options a bit limited outside of Edinburgh and Glasgow. One thing to keep in mind is that lentil soup, a seemingly vegetarian staple of Scottish pub and restaurant menus, is traditionally made with ham stock. EATING WITH KIDS Sadly, the majority of Scotland’s eating places make no effort to welcome children, and many are actively hostile. In a recent survey nine out of 10 families thought the majority of UK restaurants were not family friendly. There’s no way of gauging restaurant attitudes other than by asking. This situation is changing, albeit slowly, especially in the cities and more popular tourist towns where several restaurants and pubs now have family rooms and/or play areas.

Rough Guide DIRECTIONS Venice by Jonathan Buckley

car-free, mass immigration, Murano, Venice glass, place-making

The bar itself is famed in equal measure for its cocktails, its sandwiches and its phenomenal prices. It’s the place to sample a Bellini (fresh white peach juice and prosecco), which was invented here. Osteria-Enoteca San Marco Frezzeria 1610 T 041.528.5242. Closed Sun. As you’d expect for a place so close to the Piazza, this classy modern osteria is cetainly not cheap, but prices are not madly unreasonable for the quality of the food – and the attitude of the place makes a change from the cynicism you too often encounter in San Marco restaurants. The wine list is very good too. 02 Venice DIR Places.indd 76 Bars and snacks Centrale Restaurant Lounge Piscina Frezzeria 1659b T 041.296. 0664. Open 6.30pm–2am; closed Tues. The spacious, transatlantic- style Centrale touts itself as the best-designed and coolest bar-restaurant in town, and few would argue with the claim.

pages: 233 words: 62,563

Zero: The Biography of a Dangerous Idea by Charles Seife

Albert Einstein, Albert Michelson, Arthur Eddington, Cepheid variable, cosmological constant, dark matter, Edmond Halley, Georg Cantor, Isaac Newton, Johannes Kepler, John Conway, Pierre-Simon Laplace, place-making, probability theory / Blaise Pascal / Pierre de Fermat, retrograde motion, Richard Feynman, Solar eclipse in 1919, Stephen Hawking

The universe was contained in a nutshell, ensconced comfortably within the sphere of fixed stars; the cosmos was finite in extent, and entirely filled with matter. There was no infinite; there was no void. There was no infinity; there was no zero. This line of reasoning had another consequence—and this is why Aristotle’s philosophy endured for so many years. His system proved the existence of God. The heavenly spheres are slowly spinning in their places, making a music that suffuses the cosmos. But something must be causing that motion. The stationary earth cannot be the source of that motive power, so the innermost sphere must be moved by the next sphere out. That sphere, in turn, is moved by its larger neighbor, and on and on. However, there is no infinity; there are a finite number of spheres, and a finite number of things that are moving each other.

pages: 274 words: 58,675

Puppet 3 Cookbook by John Arundel

Amazon Web Services, cloud computing, continuous integration, Debian, defense in depth, DevOps, don't repeat yourself, GnuPG, Larry Wall, place-making, Ruby on Rails, web application

All we need to do to add a firewall config snippet for any particular app or service is to tag it firewall-snippet, and Puppet will do the rest. Although we could add a notify => Service["firewall"] to each snippet resource, if our definition of the firewall service were ever to change we would have to hunt down and update all the snippets accordingly. The tag lets us encapsulate the logic in one place, making future maintenance and refactoring much easier. What's the <| tag == 'firewall-snippet' |> syntax? It's called a resource collector, and it's a way of specifying a group of resources by searching for some piece of data about them: in this case, the value of a tag. You can find out more about resource collectors and the <| |> operator (sometimes known as the spaceship operator) on the Puppet Labs website: lang_collectors.html Using run stages A common requirement is to apply a certain group of resources before other groups (for example, installing a package repository or a custom Ruby version), or after others (for example, deploying an application once its dependencies are installed).

pages: 169 words: 61,064

Maeve in America: Essays by a Girl From Somewhere Else by Maeve Higgins

Donald Trump, Lyft, place-making, Skype, Snapchat

Am I a chill girl, a surfer, not just on the waves but on life itself, someone who just goes with the flow, happy wherever, a lithe beauty laughing in the flickering light of a campfire, ankle bracelets glinting, sun-bleached head of hair thrown back? Do I love nature, treasure all the creatures of the sea, and commune with Mother Earth as seamlessly as a sunflower, as fluently as a fish? I would love for that to be the case, but that is absolutely not the case. It’s dead wrong. It’s purely aspirational, and does not match the truth even a little bit. Here on dry land, I blunder around the place making mistakes all day long, misunderstanding others, managing to over- and underestimate my own motivations and capabilities as I go about the endlessly tricky business of being a regular human being. So why should I be any different under the sea? Particularly when I’m surrounded by dolphins—the most malevolent creatures known to man. At that time, I was coming to the end of a three-month stint of comedy festivals throughout Australia and New Zealand.

pages: 185 words: 60,638

Be Different: Adventures of a Free-Range Aspergian With Practical Advice for Aspergians, Misfits, Families & Teachers by John Elder Robison

Albert Einstein, Asperger Syndrome, Isaac Newton, neurotypical, place-making

Second, the idea of going to anything called Health Services sounds funny. The term doesn’t describe what the place does. I’ll bet fewer than one percent of the people who walk into that place do so in search of health service. The other ninety-nine percent are seeking repair. Cure of disease. Stitching of wounds. Setting of broken limbs. Removal of warts. To me, those are all repair operations. That’s why my name for the place makes perfect sense. It is a Repair Center. I knew that from the moment I first walked though the doorway many years ago. Why can’t other people see it that way? Instead, nypicals often choose an arbitrary or incomplete name for the Repair Center. They say something like “doctor’s office.” It is a mystery to me how anyone could look at a three-story structure that obviously houses a few hundred people and call it a mere doctor’s office.

pages: 223 words: 62,564

Life in the Universe: A Beginner's Guide by Lewis Dartnell

anthropic principle, biofilm, carbon-based life, double helix, Kickstarter, Mars Rover, place-making, Pluto: dwarf planet, silicon-based life

A chain of three giant volcanoes straddles the equator, each utterly dwarfing any mountain on Earth. Just to the north-west of these lies the highest mountain in the entire solar system. Olympus Mons towers twenty-five kilometres into the Martian sky, almost three times higher than Mount Everest, poking above most of Mars’ atmosphere. Valles Marineris runs eastwards for four thousand kilometres away from the Tharsis bulge, cutting seven kilometres deep into the crust in places, making the Grand Canyon look like a superficial scratch. It is one of the few actual features on Mars that can be identified as one of Lowell’s canals. The lowest point on Mars is the enormous Hellas impact basin, its outer rim marked by a ring of mountains over four thousand kilometres across. This crater was gouged out during the heavy bombardment, with much of the enormous volume of excavated rock contributing to the surrounding high ground.

The Making of Prince of Persia: Journals 1985-1993 by Jordan Mechner

game design, Menlo Park, place-making, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Jobs

I just don’t have the mental energy right now. Virginia wrote to say she’s getting married. September 26, 1990 16-hour day, most of it spent driving around in the van. To wit: pick up dogs and trainers and bring them to set; drive to ambulance rental place and take Polaroids of ambulances for Kevin; drive to midtown Manhattan to pick up insurance certificates; drive back to Garfield Place, make pot of coffee, bring it to set. I spent at least two hours stopped in traffic in the rain on Broadway and on Flatbush. Today was frustrating, but I have to remind myself why I’m here: To (1) help Kevin by making his shoot go smoothly any way I can, (2) earn my entree into this NYU-film community, (3) learn something about student filmmaking. So there’s no point resenting Deborah for, say, sending me on a wild-goose chase to Manhattan during rush hour when a simple phone call would have determined that the trip was unnecessary, or for keeping me so busy with errands that I hardly get to spend any time on set.

pages: 263 words: 61,784

Patricia Unterman's San Francisco Food Lover's Pocket Guide by Patricia Unterman, Ed Anderson

Golden Gate Park, New Urbanism, place-making, South of Market, San Francisco

Try a cup of Tuttimelon’s “original tart” frozen yogurt with fresh raspberries and blueberries. I’m becoming addicted. See this page for the Sunset location. YOGURT BAR AT UNION 2760 Octavia (between Union and Octavia); 415-441-2585;; Open Tuesday through Thursday and Sunday 11 A.M. to 10 P.M., Friday and Saturday 11 A.M. to 11 P.M.; Credit cards: MC, V This almost-hidden little place makes frozen yogurt with the tang and natural flavor of real yogurt—and only 120 calories for five ounces. Light, bright, and organic, the yogurt is lovely with summery fresh raspberries, strawberries, or blueberries. Yogurt Bar’s yogurt is a little creamier and sweeter than either Tuttimelon or Los Angeles’s Pinkberry, the Korean-style frozen yogurt shop that started the craze. MARKETS MARINA SUPER 2323 Chestnut Street (between Scott and Divisadero); 415-346-7470; Open Monday through Saturday 7 A.M. to 9 P.M., Sunday 8 A.M. to 9 P.M.; Credit cards: AE, D, MC, V This neighborhood market, with butcher and deli counters, supplies the Italian community of the Marina with all the ingredients needed to cook dishes like the ones in any classic Italian cookbook.

pages: 257 words: 68,383

Bottled and Sold: The Story Behind Our Obsession with Bottled Water by Peter H. Gleick

Boris Johnson, carbon footprint, clean water, commoditize, cuban missile crisis, John Snow's cholera map, Nelson Mandela, place-making, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley

…Scientists were stunned to discover that atmospheric oxygen content in ancient times measured twice as high as that of today: It was 38 percent 10,000 years ago, compared to the 21 percent of today, getting lower and lower due to pollution and industrialization.”18 Scientists would indeed be stunned to discover this, since while the composition of the atmosphere has varied dramatically over the eons, atmospheric chemists believe that the level of oxygen in the atmosphere has remained steady for millions of years and is close to what it has been since the emergence of modern homo sapiens a hundred thousand years ago. More important, the very small natural variations from place to place make no difference to our health.19 Another website writes: “We are able to increase the oxygen content of our Premium Bottled Water by 700%—the maximum amount of oxygen possible! That’s seven times more oxygen!”20 Actually, a 700 percent increase would be eight times more oxygen, not seven, but my real quibble here is with the company’s scientific and physiological illiteracy, not their innumeracy.

pages: 257 words: 64,285

The End of Traffic and the Future of Transport: Second Edition by David Levinson, Kevin Krizek

2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, 3D printing, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, Bay Area Rapid Transit, big-box store, Chris Urmson, collaborative consumption, commoditize, crowdsourcing, DARPA: Urban Challenge, dematerialisation, Elon Musk,, Google Hangouts, Induced demand, intermodal, invention of the printing press, jitney, John Markoff, labor-force participation, lifelogging, Lyft, means of production, megacity, Menlo Park, Network effects, Occam's razor, oil shock, place-making, post-work, Ray Kurzweil, rent-seeking, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Gordon, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, technological singularity, Tesla Model S, the built environment, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, transaction costs, transportation-network company, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, urban renewal, women in the workforce, working-age population, Yom Kippur War, zero-sum game, Zipcar

Several states, Nevada, Florida, California, Michigan, Virginia, and the District of Columbia, have passed special enabling legislation enabling testing of fully autonomous vehicles on public roads. Environments The Cadillac SuperCruise entry into the "semi-autonomous" vehicle market implies the first market for autonomous vehicles would be the relatively controlled environment of the freeway.168 However, entry into the relatively controlled environment of low-speed places makes sense as well. These are two different types of vehicles (high speed freeway vs. low speed neighborhood), and though they may converge, there is no guarantee they will, and perhaps today's converged multi-purpose vehicle will instead diverge. There has long been discussion of Neighborhood Electric Vehicles, ranging from golf carts to something larger, which are in use in some communities, particularly southwestern US retirement complexes.

pages: 430 words: 68,225

Blockchain Basics: A Non-Technical Introduction in 25 Steps by Daniel Drescher

bitcoin, blockchain, business process, central bank independence, collaborative editing, cryptocurrency, disintermediation, disruptive innovation, distributed ledger, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, fiat currency, job automation, linked data, peer-to-peer, place-making, Satoshi Nakamoto, smart contracts, transaction costs

Any change will stand out with a huge “noise” caused by breaking hash refer- ences that become invalid as a result of changing the data they refer to. Enforcing Rewriting the History for Embedding Changes The blockchain-data-structure also fulfills the second element because it pur- sues a radical all-or-nothing approach when it comes to changing its data: One either changes the data structure starting from the point that causes the change until the head of the whole chain or one better leave it unchanged in the first place. Making Adding Data Computationally Expensive The third element is for those who are not afraid to rewrite large parts of the blockchain-data-structure in the course of having a manipulation embed- ded in the transaction history. But as soon as writing or rewriting the block- chain-data-structure incurs huge computational costs, people will think twice about whether changing it was a good idea in the first place.

pages: 391 words: 71,600

Hit Refresh: The Quest to Rediscover Microsoft's Soul and Imagine a Better Future for Everyone by Satya Nadella, Greg Shaw, Jill Tracie Nichols

"Robert Solow", 3D printing, Amazon Web Services, anti-globalists, artificial general intelligence, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, basic income, Bretton Woods, business process, cashless society, charter city, cloud computing, complexity theory, computer age, computer vision, corporate social responsibility, crowdsourcing, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, Douglas Engelbart, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk,, equal pay for equal work, everywhere but in the productivity statistics, fault tolerance, Gini coefficient, global supply chain, Google Glasses, Grace Hopper, industrial robot, Internet of things, Jeff Bezos, job automation, John Markoff, John von Neumann, knowledge worker, Mars Rover, Minecraft, Mother of all demos, NP-complete, Oculus Rift, pattern recognition, place-making, Richard Feynman, Robert Gordon, Ronald Reagan, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, Snapchat, special economic zone, speech recognition, Stephen Hawking, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, telepresence, telerobotics, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, Tim Cook: Apple, trade liberalization, two-sided market, universal basic income, Wall-E, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, young professional, zero-sum game

My travel itinerary frequently started with a visit to a school or hospital in the community. I particularly enjoyed ceremonies with the indigenous peoples in Colombia and New Zealand, learning about how they used Microsoft technology to preserve their history and traditions for generations and how they think about growth. Beyond this, we were greenlighting mothballed products and projects, inviting new partnerships with competitors, showing up in surprising places, making accessibility a first-class citizen in our product design efforts, and constantly traveling the world to engage our people, partners, and customers. On Thursday, July 10, 2014, only a few days into the start of Microsoft’s new fiscal year, I sent an all-company email, a sort of manifesto, at 6:02 a.m. so that it landed in in-boxes at the beginning of the day in all U.S. time zones and before the weekend for employees around the world.

pages: 247 words: 63,208

The Open Organization: Igniting Passion and Performance by Jim Whitehurst

Airbnb, cloud computing, crowdsourcing,, Google Hangouts, Infrastructure as a Service, job satisfaction, market design, Network effects, new economy, place-making, platform as a service, post-materialism, profit motive, risk tolerance, shareholder value, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, Snapchat, Steve Jobs, subscription business, The Wisdom of Crowds, Tony Hsieh

“Working at Red Hat is one of the most rewarding and challenging jobs I have ever had or seen any of my friends have,” Masters has said. “The unstructured environment is daunting at first, but over time it becomes exhilarating to have that kind of dynamic environment. The thing that really excites me is that there are always new challenges and opportunities.” The passion is contagious. It’s impossible to be around people like Masters and not be infected by the passion that pervades this place. Make It Personal Describing the value of a passionate organization is one thing; trying to build and maintain one is another set of lessons entirely. That’s why a key part of my job is to help stoke that level of passion through my own actions. That means that when a new version of Fedora—a free community distribution of Linux—comes out, I try to be one of the first to download it and comment on its new features on our message boards.

pages: 262 words: 66,800

Progress: Ten Reasons to Look Forward to the Future by Johan Norberg

agricultural Revolution, anti-communist, availability heuristic, Bartolomé de las Casas, Berlin Wall, British Empire, business climate, clean water, continuation of politics by other means, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, demographic transition, desegregation, Donald Trump, Flynn Effect, germ theory of disease, Gini coefficient, Gunnar Myrdal, Haber-Bosch Process, Hans Island, Hans Rosling, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, income inequality, income per capita, indoor plumbing, Isaac Newton, Jane Jacobs, John Snow's cholera map, Kibera, Louis Pasteur, Mahatma Gandhi, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Mikhail Gorbachev, more computing power than Apollo, moveable type in China, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, open economy, place-making, Rosa Parks, sexual politics, special economic zone, Steven Pinker, telerobotics, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transatlantic slave trade, very high income, working poor, Xiaogang Anhui farmers, zero-sum game

Eighty-four per cent feared that criminals would harm their families, but as many as ninety-two per cent said they felt safe in their own neighbourhood. So the environment they had first-hand knowledge of felt safe, but the places they heard about on the news seemed very risky.6 Many journalists and editors acknowledge this tendency. The American public radio journalist Eric Weiner says: ‘The truth is that unhappy people, living in profoundly unhappy places, make for good stories.’7 When the Swedish TV journalist Freddie Ekman was asked about the biggest news stories during almost half a century in the trade, he responded by listing the murder of Prime Minister Olof Palme in 1986, the sinking of the cruise ferry Estonia in 1994, and the terror attacks of 9/11. When asked about any positive stories during this period, he answered, ‘One doesn’t remember them, because they never get big.’8 Ulrik Hagerup from Danish radio admits that journalists mostly report on ‘the holes in the cheese’ – problems and conflicts – but rarely about the cheese in itself – society and its progress.

Frommer's San Francisco 2012 by Matthew Poole, Erika Lenkert, Kristin Luna

airport security, Albert Einstein, Bay Area Rapid Transit, California gold rush, car-free, centre right, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, El Camino Real, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, Loma Prieta earthquake, Mason jar, Maui Hawaii, place-making, Port of Oakland, post-work, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, Torches of Freedom, transcontinental railway, urban renewal, Works Progress Administration, young professional

Hilton San Francisco Complete with bustling conventioneers and a line to register that resembles an airport check-in, the Hilton’s lobby is so enormous and busy that it feels more like a convention hall than a hotel. The three connecting buildings (the original 19-story main structure, a 46-story tower topped by a panoramic restaurant, and a 23-story landmark with 386 luxurious rooms and suites) bring swarms of visitors. Even during quieter times, the sheer enormity of the place makes the Hilton somewhat overwhelming. After you get past the sweeping grand lobby, jump on an elevator, and wind through endless corridors to your room, you’re likely to find the mystique ends with clean but run-of-the-mill standard-size corporate accommodations. That said, some of the views from the floor-to-ceiling windows in the main tower’s rooms are memorable. All rooms have bathrooms with walk-in showers (no tubs), Serta Suite Dreams beds, and a pillow menu that ensures you get a pillow that suits your firmness preference. 333 O’Farrell St.

• If you’re driving to a restaurant, add extra time to your itinerary for parking, which can be an especially infuriating exercise in areas like the Mission, downtown, the Marina, and, well, pretty much everywhere. Expect to pay at least $10 to $13 for valet service, if the restaurant offers it. 6 Exploring San Francisco Route 1 and Highway 101 merge at the Golden Gate's entrance. San Francisco’s parks, museums, tours, and landmarks are favorites for travelers the world over and offer an array of activities to suit every visitor. But no particular activity or place makes the city one of the most popular destinations in the world. It’s San Francisco itself—its charm, its atmosphere, its perfect blend of big metropolis with small-town hospitality. No matter what you do while you’re here—whether you spend all your time in central areas like Union Square or North Beach, or explore the outer neighborhoods—you’re bound to discover the reason millions of visitors keep leaving their hearts in San Francisco.

pages: 630 words: 177,650

The Bicycling Guide to Complete Bicycle Maintenance and Repair: For Road and Mountain Bikes by Todd Downs

airport security, clean water, place-making

Otherwise, you'll probably damage these parts when you attempt to tighten and loosen them. Don't know what material your cups are made of? A small magnet will solve the mystery—if it sticks, it's steel. When making a headset adjustment, leave the stem in place. Many people also like to leave the front wheel on the bike to act as a handle to hold the forks still while the locknut is being turned. However, leaving the wheel in place makes it more difficult to tell if the headset is too tight. An alternative is to remove the wheel and slide the handle of a hammer or some similar tool between the fork legs to hold the fork steady while you apply force to the locknut. Adjust a threaded headset by turning the locknut counterclockwise to loosen it. If the headset was too tight, loosen the adjustable cup by turning it counterclockwise a fraction of a turn.

If you plan to reuse the grips, try lifting them by sliding a thin-blade screwdriver underneath and squirting in isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol. If you get enough under the grips, you'll be able to work them off. Don't use oil, which will make the grips permanently slippery. To install new grips, make sure the handlebar is clean of any oil or grease, which may make the grips slip. Coat the inside of the grips with rubbing alcohol and slide them in place, making sure they're all the way on. The alcohol will evaporate quickly, so work fast. Some mechanics recommend hair spray, which works in a similar fashion by lubricating the grips initially and then evaporating so that the grips will stick. A trick that we've found helpful, especially in very wet conditions, is wiring on the grips. Mountain bike racers often encounter muddy conditions that can cause the grips to loosen on the handlebar.

pages: 301 words: 74,571

Idoru by William Gibson

experimental subject, Kowloon Walled City, means of production, pattern recognition, place-making, telepresence

Factories, restaurants. A city. No laws." "Is it still there?" "No," Zona said, "they tore it down before it all became China C 221 again. They made a park with concrete. But these people, the ones they say made a hole in the net, they found the data. The history of it. Maps. Pictures. They built it again." "Why?" "Don't ask me. Ask them. They are all crazy." Zona was scanning the Piazza. "This place makes me cold…"Chia considered bringing the sun up, but then Zona pointed. "Who is that?" Chia watched her Music Master, or something that looked like him, stroll toward them from the shadows of the stone arches where the cafes were, a dark greatcoat flapping to reveal a lining the color of polished lead. "I've got a software agent that looks like that," Chia said, "but he isn't supposed to be there unless I cross a bridge.

pages: 200 words: 72,182

Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting by in America by Barbara Ehrenreich

business process, full employment, housing crisis, income inequality, McMansion, place-making, post-work, sexual politics, telemarketer, union organizing, wage slave, women in the workforce, working poor, zero day

Her boyfriend's sister, she tells me on the drive to our first house, watches her eighteen-month-old for $50 a week, which is a stretch on The Maids' pay, plus she doesn't entirely trust the sister, but a real day care center could be as much as $90 a week. After polishing off the first house, no problem, we grab “lunch”—Doritos for Rosalie and a bag of Pepperidge Farm Goldfish for Maddy—and head out into the exurbs for what our instruction sheet warns is a five-bathroom spread and a first-timer to boot. Still, the size of the place makes us pause for a moment, buckets in hand, before searching out an appropriately humble entrance.[16] It sits there like a beached ocean liner, the prow cutting through swells of green turf, windows without number. “Well, well,” Maddy says, reading the owner's name from our instruction sheet, “Mrs. W and her big-ass house. I hope she's going to give us lunch.” Mrs. W is not in fact happy to see us, grimacing with exasperation when the black nanny ushers us into the family room or sunroom or den or whatever kind of specialized space she is sitting in.

pages: 275 words: 77,017

The End of Money: Counterfeiters, Preachers, Techies, Dreamers--And the Coming Cashless Society by David Wolman

addicted to oil, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, bitcoin, Bretton Woods, carbon footprint, cashless society, central bank independence, collateralized debt obligation, corporate social responsibility, credit crunch, cross-subsidies, Diane Coyle, fiat currency, financial innovation, floating exchange rates, German hyperinflation, greed is good, Isaac Newton, Kickstarter, M-Pesa, Mahatma Gandhi, mental accounting, mobile money, money: store of value / unit of account / medium of exchange, offshore financial centre, P = NP, Peter Thiel, place-making, placebo effect, Ponzi scheme, Ronald Reagan, seigniorage, Silicon Valley, special drawing rights, Steven Levy, the payments system, transaction costs, WikiLeaks

“Banks don’t like cash and don’t want to invest in it,” says Michael T. Dan, chairman, president, and CEO of Texas-based Brinks. Might the bankers’ judgment on this be a hint to the rest of us?29 Birch steps back into the foyer for a moment to make a call. He looks a little distressed. He’s been to this museum a number of times before—know thine enemy, I suppose—but I get the sense that this place makes him physically uncomfortable. Far from signifying stately grandeur and a rock-solid economy, the stone walls and stodgy traditions symbolize the kind of fuddy-duddy refusal to move forward that is anathema to someone who accepts the premise that technological innovation drives positive change. Maybe he’s overreacting, though. Now that ATMs are pretty much everywhere, cash isn’t exactly hard to come by.

pages: 208 words: 74,328

The Road to Wigan Pier by George Orwell

anti-work, British Empire, Etonian, place-making, Upton Sinclair

The first time I was watching the ‘fillers’ at work I put my hand upon some dreadful slimy thing among the coal dust. It was a chewed quid of tobacco. Nearly all the miners chew tobacco, which is said to be good against thirst. Probably you have to go down several coal-mines before you can get much grasp of the processes that are going on round you. This is chiefly because the mere effort of getting from place to place makes it difficult to notice anything else. In some ways it is even disappointing, or at least is unlike what you have expected. You get into the cage, which is a steel box about as wide as a telephone box and two or three times as long. It holds ten men, but they pack it like pilchards in a tin, and a tall man cannot stand upright in it. The steel door shuts upon you, and somebody working the winding gear above drops you into the void.

Food Trucks: Dispatches and Recipes From the Best Kitchens on Wheels by Shouse, Heather

haute cuisine, Kickstarter, Mason jar, Maui Hawaii, place-making, rolodex, side project, South of Market, San Francisco

A self-described “real estate rehabilitator” for nearly thirty years, Goldingay bought a plot of land on the corner of North Mississippi and Skidmore a few years ago, tore down the dilapidated building sitting on the property, paved it with permeable asphalt, added tables and chairs, and invited ten food carts to the pod he dubbed Mississippi Marketplace. “I was looking at the food cart scene in Portland, which isn’t always user-friendly because you buy food and you stand on the sidewalk where people jostle you. There’s no place to get out of the weather, no restroom facilities where you could wash your hands,” Goldingay says. “I just thought the whole scene was not as nice as it could be, so I wanted to develop a community gathering place, make a positive impact, and draw people to the neighborhood. And people seem to have real y taken to it. We’ve got food carts, beer from the adjacent bar on the lot, the outdoors. This … is total y Portland right here.” Potato Champion FIND IT: SE 12th Ave. and Hawthorne Blvd., Portland, Oregon KEEP UP WITH IT: Must be last cal . Every few minutes another crew of buzzed hipsters staggers into the Portland food truck “pod” known affectionately as Cartopia, claiming a spot at a picnic table after making the rounds to the seven mobile eateries ringing the lot.

pages: 260 words: 76,223

Ctrl Alt Delete: Reboot Your Business. Reboot Your Life. Your Future Depends on It. by Mitch Joel

3D printing, Amazon Web Services, augmented reality, call centre, clockwatching, cloud computing, Firefox, future of work, ghettoisation, Google Chrome, Google Glasses, Google Hangouts, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, Kodak vs Instagram, Lean Startup, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Network effects, new economy, Occupy movement, place-making, prediction markets, pre–internet, QR code, recommendation engine, Richard Florida, risk tolerance, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, social graph, social web, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Thomas L Friedman, Tim Cook: Apple, Tony Hsieh, white picket fence, WikiLeaks, zero-sum game

But even with all the impressive numbers, we’re still looking at a penetration rate among the general population of anywhere between 25 and 55 percent (depending on which research group you want to believe and the country that you reside in) for smartphones and tablets. Beyond this low penetration rate, it’s also important to note that this small percentage shrinks even more when it comes to people who are paying for apps, downloading apps, and actually using apps (we’ve all seen the depressing stats surrounding this in innumerable different places). Making things even more complex are the telecommunications companies, which are still charging confusing fee structures for mobile data. Text messaging is not the same as mobile Web, and different devices use different amounts of data (and we’re not even talking about the complete confusion or price gouging that happens when you roam beyond your country of origin). Beyond that (as if that’s not enough!)

pages: 325 words: 73,035

Who's Your City?: How the Creative Economy Is Making Where to Live the Most Important Decision of Your Life by Richard Florida

active measures, assortative mating, barriers to entry, big-box store, blue-collar work, borderless world, BRICs, business climate, Celebration, Florida, correlation coefficient, creative destruction, dark matter, David Brooks, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, deindustrialization, demographic transition, edge city, Edward Glaeser, epigenetics, extreme commuting, Geoffrey West, Santa Fe Institute, happiness index / gross national happiness, high net worth, income inequality, industrial cluster, invention of the telegraph, Jane Jacobs, job satisfaction, Joseph Schumpeter, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, low skilled workers, megacity, new economy, New Urbanism, Peter Calthorpe, place-making, post-work, Richard Florida, risk tolerance, Robert Gordon, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Seaside, Florida, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, superstar cities, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, urban planning, World Values Survey, young professional

Places that are open let us freely express ourselves and be part of a bigger picture, a larger whole. They provide us with the space necessary for personal discovery and self-actualization—for realizing our potential and dreams, for building and raising the family we truly desire. They enable us to be part of a whole and to be ourselves, adding real meaning and fulfillment to our lives. These survey findings are meant to be guides to what dimensions of a place make the greatest positive impact on an average resident’s happiness. But as our same findings illustrate, not all people want the same thing out of their community, nor do they desire the same things at every stage of life. Ultimately, being happy with one’s place comes down to figuring out what best complements one’s lifestyle and core values. But that’s what makes this interesting. Otherwise we’d all find ourselves competing for space in the same massive city. 11 CITIES HAVE PERSONALITIES TOO IT IS ALL WELL AND GOOD TO KNOW THAT PLACE AFFECTS happiness, that the happiest communities tend to be open-minded, vibrant places where people feel free to express themselves and cultivate their identities, and that these communities tend to foster creativity.

pages: 168 words: 9,044

You're Not Fooling Anyone When You Take Your Laptop to a Coffee Shop: Scalzi on Writing by John Scalzi

non-fiction novel, Occam's razor, place-making, rent control, Ronald Reagan, Steve Jobs, telemarketer, zero-sum game

Somewhat related: Use capitals when you should (beginning of sentences, proper nouns), don't use them when you shouldn't (pretty much every other time). Lots of people think not using capitals makes them look arty and cool, but generally it just makes the rest of us wonder if you've not yet figured out the magical invention known as the shift key. Alternately, the random appearance of capitals in inappropriate places makes us wonder if you don't secretly wish the Germans won World War II (and even the Germans are cracking down on wanton capitalization these days, so there you are). 2. With sentences, shorter is better than longer: If a sentence you're writing is longer than it would be comfortable to speak, it's probably too long. Cut it up. This is one I'm guilty of ignoring; I tend to use semi-colons when I should be using periods.

Jerusalem: A Cookbook by Yotam Ottolenghi, Sami Tamimi

Kickstarter, place-making

If you wish, you can add some peeled waxy potatoes to the roasting pan about 1½ hours before the lamb is ready, and toss them in the cooking liquids every now and then as they roast. 2 tsp black peppercorns 5 whole cloves ½ tsp cardamom pods ¼ tsp fenugreek seeds 1 tsp fennel seeds 1 tbsp cumin seeds 1 star anise ½ cinnamon stick ½ whole nutmeg, grated ¼ tsp ground ginger 1 tbsp sweet paprika 1 tbsp sumac 2½ tsp Maldon sea salt scant 1 oz / 25 g fresh ginger, grated 3 cloves garlic, crushed ⅔ cup / 40 g chopped cilantro, stems and leaves ¼ cup / 60 ml freshly squeezed lemon juice ½ cup / 120 ml peanut oil 1 bone-in leg of lamb, about 5½ to 6½ lb / 2.5 to 3 kg 1 cup / 240 ml boiling water Put the first 8 ingredients in a cast-iron pan and dry-roast over medium-high heat for a minute or two, until the spices begin to pop and release their aromas. Take care not to burn them. Add the nutmeg, ginger, and paprika, toss for a few more seconds, just to heat them, then transfer to a spice grinder. Process the spices to a uniform powder. Transfer to a medium bowl and stir in all the remaining ingredients, except the lamb. Use a small, sharp knife to score the leg of lamb in a few places, making slits ⅔ inch / 1.5 cm deep through the fat and meat to allow the marinade to seep in. Place in a large roasting pan and rub the marinade all over the lamb; use your hands to massage the meat well. Cover the pan with aluminum foil and leave aside for at least a couple of hours or, preferably, chill overnight. Preheat the oven to 325°F / 170°C. Put the lamb in the oven with its fatty side facing up and roast for a total of about 4½ hours, until the meat is completely tender.

pages: 246 words: 76,561

Radical Cities: Across Latin America in Search of a New Architecture by Justin McGuirk

A Pattern Language, agricultural Revolution, dark matter, Donald Trump, Enrique Peñalosa, extreme commuting, facts on the ground, Guggenheim Bilbao, Hernando de Soto, housing crisis, illegal immigration, income per capita, informal economy, Jane Jacobs, Kickstarter, lateral thinking, mass immigration, microcredit, Milgram experiment, neoliberal agenda, New Urbanism, place-making, Silicon Valley, starchitect, technoutopianism, unorthodox policies, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Washington Consensus

And he remembers the middle-class scuttlebutt about it. ‘Those shitty blacks will end up spending that money on anything except houses,’ he recalls people saying. ‘But Milagro said, “We have to work day and night to finish these houses, and if we work hard there will come a time when we all have our own homes.”’ What makes Alto Comedero truly unique is not the architecture so much as the luxurious amenities and the surreal place-making. Everywhere you look, Túpac Amaru’s revolutionary cosmology has been turned into a didactic branding concept. The water tank on the roof of each house is stamped with a face. It might be Túpac Amaru himself, or Eva (‘Evita’) Perón, that talismanic Argentine heroine, or Che. This is the holy trinity of the organisation’s iconography – a blend of T-shirt radicalism, Argentine populism and ethnic pride.

pages: 261 words: 71,349

The Introvert Entrepreneur: Amplify Your Strengths and Create Success on Your Own Terms by Beth Buelow

fear of failure, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, Mark Zuckerberg, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, risk tolerance, Skype, Tony Hsieh

Author Sophia Dembling offers this personal insight: “Once I started thinking consciously about my introversion and working with it with intention, things that used to be very difficult became easier. For instance, once I decided I’m not obligated to answer the phone, it became easier to answer the phone because I do it as a choice instead of because I feel the world requires it. Once I know that I can leave a party when I’m ready to go, it makes it much easier to go to the party in the first place.” Make friends with the unknown. Introverts generally like to be prepared and know what to expect. Responding quickly, being put on the spot, dealing with unclear expectations—these are not high on our list of favorite things. Yet, as we know, life is full of situations and people for which we can never be prepared. In those moments, shift from fear to curiosity. Instead of thinking, “I don’t know what’s going to happen!”

Human Transit: How Clearer Thinking About Public Transit Can Enrich Our Communities and Our Lives by Jarrett Walker

Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, congestion charging, demand response, iterative process, jitney, New Urbanism, peak oil, Peter Calthorpe, place-making, Silicon Valley, transit-oriented development, urban planning

Understanding. First, you must form a sufficient understanding of the service, frequency, and fare to know how to make the trip. This is the role of legibility as discussed earlier. 2. Accessing (at the origin). You then walk, drive, or cycle to the stop or station where you will board the service. Here, there are limits to what your transit agency can do, apart from locating the stop at a logical place, making it a civilized place to wait, and providing parking options for your car or bike, where appropriate. Other than this, you’re at the mercy of the city’s street network and development pattern. 3. Waiting. Waiting is everyone’s least favorite phase of a trip. It’s governed mostly by frequency and reliability, but of course the quality of the waiting environment has a big impact. Waiting is also being transformed in interesting ways by personal technology, most notably by real-time information that tells you how long you have to wait. 4.

pages: 219 words: 75,735

All Families Are Psychotic by Douglas Coupland

invisible hand, Pepto Bismol, place-making

She saw images of doorless rooms inhabited by prophets stripped of their founding visions, images of teenagers fucking on towels designed by beer companies, wooden floors gone rotten, the strips of wood turned into dried-out slats — a world robbed of values and ideals and direction. And then Janet felt she was now officially in the future, one so far away from the dreams of her Toronto youth that she was reminded of Discovery Channel sermons on travel at the speed of light, of young men and women shot out into the universe, returning to Earth only to find everything they'd ever known dead or gone or forgotten or mocked, and this world was Janet's world. 'Wade, does this place make any sense to you?' 'Huh? Yeah, sure — US 1 goes right up the coast.' 'No. That's not what I meant. I mean — what's the reason behind a place like this?' 'Is it weirding you out?' 'It is. Explain it to me. Explain Daytona Beach to me.' 'Daytona's a fun kind of place — a place where—' 'Stop, Wade. Stop right there. You can do better than that. Pretend I'm not your mother. Pretend that I'm drunk and that you're drunk and that you know that if you have just one more drink you'll be too stupid to explain anything, but for now you possess the superpower of insight that comes just before that last drink.'

pages: 273 words: 76,786

Explore Everything by Bradley Garrett

airport security, Burning Man, call centre, creative destruction, deindustrialization, double helix, dumpster diving, failed state, Google Earth, Hacker Ethic, Jane Jacobs, Julian Assange, late capitalism, megacity, New Urbanism, Occupy movement, place-making, shareholder value, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, urban planning, white flight, WikiLeaks

It was probably a delicious catharsis to smash out those windows and excavate the rusting hunks of artillery from the ground to sell to scrap yards. There was a specific guilt that came with exploring Eastern Europe, arising from the clash of different value systems in regard to derelict space. Perhaps this is an indication of a larger continued tension between capitalism and communism: where East meets West, desire meets utility, nostalgia meets expectation and mobility meets place-making. We knew we were bringing the West with us, and we also knew, deep down, that the social conditioning that resides in those templates could never be completely erased, much as we tried. As Winch said, on our way out of Poland, ‘I felt just as likely to get my head kicked in and my camera stolen out there than to get a good photograph … and I couldn’t blame them.’ Eventually we returned home, determined to get underneath the skin of our own city instead.

pages: 142 words: 18,753

Bobos in Paradise: The New Upper Class and How They Got There by David Brooks

1960s counterculture, affirmative action, Community Supported Agriculture, David Brooks, Donald Trump, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, George Gilder, haute couture, haute cuisine, income inequality, Jane Jacobs, Jeff Bezos, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Robert Bork, Silicon Valley, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Thorstein Veblen, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban planning, War on Poverty, Yogi Berra

He has to do just as much artificial schmoozing as the partners at Skadden, Arps or the sellers at Goldman Sachs. It’s just that they are working in big money industries and the SID sufferer is working in a small money industry. Today’s intellectual is at the butt end of the upper class. She is rich enough to send her kids to the private schools and to Stanford, but many of the other parents at these places make as much in a month as her family does in a year. Eventually the kids of the SID sufferer begin to notice the income difference between their family and their classmates’ families. It happens around birthday time. The other kids have birthdays at Wrigley Field (they’ve bought out a section) or at FAO Schwarz (they’ve rented out the whole store for a Sunday morning). The SID kid has his party in his living room.

When Free Markets Fail: Saving the Market When It Can't Save Itself (Wiley Corporate F&A) by Scott McCleskey

Asian financial crisis, asset-backed security, bank run, barriers to entry, Bernie Madoff, break the buck, call centre, collateralized debt obligation, corporate governance, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, financial innovation, fixed income, information asymmetry, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, iterative process, Long Term Capital Management, margin call, money market fund, moral hazard, mortgage debt, place-making, Ponzi scheme, prediction markets, risk tolerance, shareholder value, statistical model, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, time value of money, too big to fail, web of trust

Potential sanctions should include forfeiture of pending salary and incentive compensation, ‘‘clawback’’ of previous compensation, and fines. A ban on serving as an officer or board director on any publicly traded company in the future is an 3 Testimony of Benjamin Bernanke to the Senate Banking Committee, December 3, 2009. C03 06/16/2010 30 11:16:34 & Page 30 Moral Hazard important sanction, as is potential civil liability. Put differently, have a bailout process in place, make it clear, and make it bad for the managers. 2. Creditors will not be made whole, but neither will they be left holding the bag, and so a haircut of the failing firms’ obligations, other than overnight repos, should be imposed as part of a bailout. The preventive measures like keeping banks small are good and wise, but it is neither good nor wise to neglect the need for a Plan B in case something does happen.

pages: 321 words: 85,267

Suburban Nation by Andres Duany, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, Jeff Speck

A Pattern Language, American ideology, big-box store, car-free, Celebration, Florida, City Beautiful movement, desegregation, edge city, Frank Gehry, housing crisis, if you build it, they will come, income inequality, intermodal, Jane Jacobs, jitney, McMansion, New Urbanism, Peter Calthorpe, place-making, price mechanism, profit motive, Ralph Nader, Seaside, Florida, Silicon Valley, skinny streets, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Great Good Place, transit-oriented development, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, white flight, working poor, Works Progress Administration

It holistically integrates a full range of components missing from many other ambitious developments, including significant amounts of workplace and affordable housing. Like some of its better-known American counterparts, Poundbury stands irrefutable, promising the ultimate sustainability: the permanence that accrues only to places that are loved. Given the advances of the past decade, perhaps it is not hubristic to declare that we can see a future of wiser, healthier, more efficient and more beautiful place-making. Social scientists identify three phases in cultural change: first, social marketing; then the removal of existing barriers to change; and finally the enactment of new regulations. Suburban Nation has helped to socially market a change in the way we build. Americans are now well into the subsequent phases of removing barriers and regulating … and not a moment too soon. Growing awareness of the need to adapt to climate change, energy limits, and economic volatility has created an environment of ferment and opportunity.

pages: 348 words: 82,499

DIY Investor: How to Take Control of Your Investments & Plan for a Financially Secure Future by Andy Bell

asset allocation, bank run, buy and hold, collapse of Lehman Brothers, credit crunch, diversification, diversified portfolio, estate planning, eurozone crisis, fixed income, high net worth, hiring and firing, Isaac Newton, Kickstarter, lateral thinking, money market fund, Northern Rock, passive investing, place-making, quantitative easing, selection bias, short selling, South Sea Bubble, technology bubble, transaction costs, Vanguard fund

The average person in the UK will have 11 employers through their working life, which means most people end up with lots of pension pots, none of which on their own is of any great value. The paperwork that pensions can generate knows no bounds, so consolidating your plans into one place will help you to keep track of your retirement savings. Being able to see all of your investments in one place makes it easier to plan for your retirement. It also makes it easier to build a portfolio of investments that accurately reflect your retirement objectives and appetite for risk. With pension schemes littered all over the place, it is nigh on impossible to implement a coherent investment strategy to achieve these objectives. You may want to transfer your existing pensions into a SIPP if they are invested in a pension with high annual management charges, or with limited investment options.

pages: 280 words: 85,091

The Wisdom of Psychopaths: What Saints, Spies, and Serial Killers Can Teach Us About Success by Kevin Dutton

Asperger Syndrome, Bernie Madoff, business climate, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, delayed gratification, epigenetics, Fellow of the Royal Society, G4S, impulse control, iterative process, John Nash: game theory, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Nicholas Carr, Norman Mailer, place-making, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, theory of mind, ultimatum game

But there’s a story I once heard that provides a graphic illustration of how the refrigerated neurology that showed up on Robert Hare’s brain scans can, in certain situations, confer real benefits; how the reptilian focus and crystalline detachment of neurosurgeon James Geraghty can sometimes code for greatness not just in the boardroom, the courtroom, and the operating theater. But in another world entirely. The story goes like this. On July 20, 1969, as Neil Armstrong and his partner Buzz Aldrin zipped across the lunar landscape looking for a place to set their module down, they came within seconds of crash-landing. The problem was geology. There was just too much of it. And fuel: too little. Rocks and boulders lay scattered all over the place, making a safe approach impossible. Aldrin mopped his brow. With one eye on the gas gauge and the other on the terrain, he issued Armstrong a stark ultimatum: Get this thing down—and fast! Armstrong, however, was decidedly more phlegmatic. Maybe—who knows?—he’d never had time for twitchy backseat drivers. But with the clock running down, the fuel running out, and the prospect of death by gravity an ever-increasing possibility, he coolly came up with a game plan.

pages: 296 words: 86,188

Inferior: How Science Got Women Wrong-And the New Research That's Rewriting the Story by Angela Saini

Albert Einstein, demographic transition, Drosophila, feminist movement, gender pay gap, meta analysis, meta-analysis, mouse model, out of africa, place-making, scientific mainstream, Steven Pinker, the scientific method, women in the workforce

And they do that by staying loyal to their female friends.” CHAPTER 8 The Old Women Who Wouldn’t Die Women may be the one group that grows more radical with age. —Gloria Steinem, Outrageous Acts and Everyday Rebellions, 1983 I am at the end of my research, and I’ve reached Bedlam. I’m only visiting—I want to better understand the experiences through history of women going through menopause—but this place makes me uneasy nonetheless. Bethlem Royal Hospital is one of the oldest psychiatric institutions in the country. It has shifted sites around London three times since it was established in 1247. Along the way it acquired such a shocking reputation that its very name, shortened to Bedlam, became synonymous with chaos and uproar. Things got so bad in the nineteenth century that the government carried out inquiries into patient abuse, which forced reforms of the hospital.

pages: 334 words: 82,041

How Did We Get Into This Mess?: Politics, Equality, Nature by George Monbiot

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Alfred Russel Wallace, bank run, bilateral investment treaty, Branko Milanovic, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, collective bargaining, Corn Laws, creative destruction, credit crunch, David Attenborough, dematerialisation, demographic transition, drone strike,, first-past-the-post, full employment, Gini coefficient, hedonic treadmill, income inequality, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), investor state dispute settlement, invisible hand, land reform, land value tax, market fundamentalism, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Mont Pelerin Society, moral panic, Naomi Klein, Northern Rock, obamacare, oil shale / tar sands, old-boy network, peak oil, place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, profit motive, rent-seeking, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, transaction costs, urban sprawl, wealth creators, World Values Survey

But thanks to an invention by the former British Aerospace engineer Howard Stapleton it is now just as effective at discouraging human vermin.1 The Mosquito™ youth dispersal device, manufactured by Compound Security Systems, produces a loud, high-pitched whine that can be heard strongly only by children and teenagers, and not at all by people over twenty-five. It allows councils to keep children out of public places, making them safe for law-abiding citizens. It enables shopkeepers to determine who should and should not be permitted to use the streets. It ensures that society is not subjected, among other intrusions, to the unpleasant and distressing noises that youths are inclined to make. A survey by the Guardian shows that 25 per cent of local authorities in the UK use or have used these machines in their attempts to discourage the youthwave.2 Altogether, 3,500 MosquitosTM have been sold here, far more than in any other country.3 The product’s success is one of many signs of the enlightened attitudes to the menace of childhood which distinguish the United Kingdom from less civilised parts of the world.

pages: 308 words: 84,713

The Glass Cage: Automation and Us by Nicholas Carr

Airbnb, Airbus A320, Andy Kessler, Atul Gawande, autonomous vehicles, Bernard Ziegler, business process, call centre, Captain Sullenberger Hudson, Charles Lindbergh, Checklist Manifesto, cloud computing, computerized trading, David Brooks, deliberate practice, deskilling, digital map, Douglas Engelbart, drone strike, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, Flash crash, Frank Gehry, Frank Levy and Richard Murnane: The New Division of Labor, Frederick Winslow Taylor, future of work, global supply chain, Google Glasses, Google Hangouts, High speed trading, indoor plumbing, industrial robot, Internet of things, Jacquard loom, James Watt: steam engine, job automation, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, Kevin Kelly, knowledge worker, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, means of production, natural language processing, new economy, Nicholas Carr, Norbert Wiener, Oculus Rift, pattern recognition, Peter Thiel, place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, randomized controlled trial, Ray Kurzweil, recommendation engine, robot derives from the Czech word robota Czech, meaning slave, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, software is eating the world, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, TaskRabbit, technoutopianism, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, turn-by-turn navigation, US Airways Flight 1549, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, William Langewiesche

But the more you think about it, the more you realize that to never confront the possibility of getting lost is to live in a state of perpetual dislocation. If you never have to worry about not knowing where you are, then you never have to know where you are. It is also to live in a state of dependency, a ward of your phone and its apps. Problems produce friction in our lives, but friction can act as a catalyst, pushing us to a fuller awareness and deeper understanding of our situation. “When we circumvent, by whatever means, the demand a place makes of us to find our way through it,” the writer Ari Schulman observed in his 2011 New Atlantis essay “GPS and the End of the Road,” we end up foreclosing “the best entry we have into inhabiting that place—and, by extension, to really being anywhere at all.”14 We may foreclose other things as well. Neuroscientists have made a series of breakthroughs in understanding how the brain perceives and remembers space and location, and the discoveries underscore the elemental role that navigation plays in the workings of mind and memory.

pages: 274 words: 81,008

The New Tycoons: Inside the Trillion Dollar Private Equity Industry That Owns Everything by Jason Kelly

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, call centre, carried interest, collective bargaining, corporate governance, corporate raider, Credit Default Swap, diversification, Fall of the Berlin Wall, family office, fixed income, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, Gordon Gekko, housing crisis, income inequality, late capitalism, margin call, Menlo Park, Occupy movement, place-making, Rod Stewart played at Stephen Schwarzman birthday party, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Rubik’s Cube, Sand Hill Road, shareholder value, side project, Silicon Valley, sovereign wealth fund

I want to be able to look at the 27-year-old who wants to work at TPG and say, ‘You can make a career here.’ ” Coulter keeps a sheet of paper in his office where he jots down important elements about the firm’s culture and he and Bonderman give speeches, sometimes via video, to new hires that join the firm. “You instill the culture on long airplane flights,” Coulter said. “You tell stories and legends and model the behavior.” He noted that a small firm with a lot of money at its disposal places great trust in the people it hires. “If somebody some place makes a bad decision, it could bring the whole place down.” When talking about the firm, TPG partners are quick to mention Coulter’s “No assholes” rule. Another way Coulter and Bonderman said they stressed togetherness and transparency is open meetings: any person at any level of the firm can register to listen in and participate in any investment committee meeting across TPG’s funds. “We want to let the young people talk and have a voice,” Bonderman said.

Frommer's London 2009 by Darwin Porter, Danforth Prince

airport security, British Empire, double helix, East Village, Edmond Halley, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, Isaac Newton, Maui Hawaii, Murano, Venice glass, New Urbanism, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, Sloane Ranger, Stephen Hawking, sustainable-tourism, urban renewal, young professional

EXPENSIVE Bluebird MEDITERRANEAN Before it was a restaurant, the site was a garage that repaired the legendary Bluebird, an English sports car that is, alas, no longer produced. Today, this enormous space resounds with clinking silverware and peals of laughter from a loyal clientele. You’ll find a color scheme of red-and-blue canvas cutouts in the shape of birds in flight. Tables are close together, but the scale of the place makes dining private and intimate. The massive menu emphasizes savory, precisely cooked cuisine, some emerging from a wood-burning stove used to roast everything from lobster to game. An immense shellfish bar stocks every crustacean you can think of, and the liquor bar does a thriving business with the Sloane Square subculture. Starter temptations include Serrano ham with fresh tomato tostados or chopped steak tartare, perhaps wild mushrooms on brioche.

NOTTING HILL GATE Ladbroke Arms Previously honored as London’s “Dining Pub of the Year,” Ladbroke Arms is that rare pub known for its food. A changing menu includes roast cod filet with lentils and salsa verde; and aged bone-in rib steak with mustard, peppercorn, and herb and garlic butter. With background jazz and rotating art prints, the place strays from the traditional pub environment. This place makes for a pleasant stop and a good meal. The excellent Eldridge Pope Royal is on tap, as well as John Smiths, Courage Directors, and several malt whiskies. 54 Ladbroke Rd., W11. & 020/7727-6648. Tube: Notting Hill Gate. ST. JAMES’S Red Lion This Victorian pub, with its early-1900s decorations and 150-year-old mirrors, has been compared to Manet’s painting A Bar at the Folies-Bergère (on display at the Courtauld Gallery).

pages: 292 words: 81,699

More Joel on Software by Joel Spolsky

a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away, barriers to entry, Black Swan, Build a better mousetrap, business process, call centre, Danny Hillis, David Heinemeier Hansson, failed state, Firefox, fixed income, George Gilder, Larry Wall, low cost airline, low cost carrier, Mars Rover, Network effects, Paul Graham, performance metric, place-making, price discrimination, prisoner's dilemma, Ray Oldenburg, Ruby on Rails, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, slashdot, social software, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Superbowl ad, The Great Good Place, type inference, unpaid internship, wage slave, web application, Y Combinator

More reading I f you’re still all gung-ho about exceptions, read Raymond Chen’s essay “Cleaner, More Elegant, and Harder to Recognize” (blogs. “It is extraordinarily difficult to see the difference between bad exception-based code and not-bad exception-based code . . . exceptions are too hard and I’m not smart enough to handle them.” Raymond’s rant about Death by Macros, “A Rant Against Flow Control Macros” ( 06/347666.aspx), is about another case where failing to get information all in the same place makes code unmaintainable. “When you see code that uses [macros], you have to go dig through header files to figure out what they do.” For background on the history of Hungarian notation, start with Simonyi’s original paper, “Hungarian Notation” ( en-us/library/aa260976(VS.60).aspx). Doug Klunder introduced this to the Excel team in a somewhat clearer paper, “Hungarian Naming Conventions” (

pages: 218 words: 83,794

Frommer's Portable California Wine Country by Erika Lenkert

Louis Pasteur, Maui Hawaii, place-making, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, white picket fence

The five luxury cottages include king-size beds, a single bed (perfect for the tot in tow), sitting areas, fireplaces, private patios, and two-person Jacuzzi tubs. One of the inn’s best features is the heated outdoor pool, which is attractively landscaped into the hillside. Another favorite feature is the selection of suites, which come with stereos, plenty of space, and lots of privacy. The family that runs this place makes guests feel extra welcome and serves wine and plenty of appetizers nightly, along with a hotel-staff hospitality in the inviting living room. A full buffet breakfast is served there, too. Note: TV junkies book elsewhere. You won’t be able to tune in in rooms here. Wine Country Inn 1152 Lodi Lane, St. Helena, CA 94574. & 888/465-4608 or 707/963-7077. Fax 707/963-9018. 29 units, 12 with shower only. $195–$525 double, $495–$555 for cottages.

pages: 722 words: 90,903

Practical Vim: Edit Text at the Speed of Thought by Drew Neil

Bram Moolenaar, don't repeat yourself,, fault tolerance, finite state, place-making, QWERTY keyboard, web application

Record One Unit of Work To begin, we record all changes made to the first line: Keystrokes Buffer Contents qa ​​1. one​​ ​​2. two​​ 0f. ​​1. one​​ ​​2. two​​ r) ​​1) one​​ ​​2. two​​ w~ ​​1) One​​ ​​2. two​​ j ​​1) One​​ ​​2. two​​ q ​​1) One​​ ​​2. two​​ Note the use of motions in this macro. We begin with the 0 command, which normalizes our cursor position by placing it at the start of the line. This means that our next motion always starts from the same place, making it more repeatable. Some might look at the next motion, f., and consider it wasteful. It moves the cursor only one step to the right, same as the l command. Why use two keystrokes when one would do? Once again, it’s a matter of repeatability. In our sample set, we have lines numbered only one to four, but suppose the numbers ran into double digits? ​​1. one​​ ​​2. two​​ ​​...​​ ​​10. ten​​ ​​11. eleven​​ On the first nine lines, 0l takes us to the second character of the line, which happens to be a period.

pages: 343 words: 93,544

vN: The First Machine Dynasty (The Machine Dynasty Book 1) by Madeline Ashby

big-box store, iterative process, natural language processing, place-making, traveling salesman, urban planning

She thought of the city slowly crumbling into it, brick by brick. She thought about her dad. Leaving the country would mean leaving him behind. But after what had happened to her mother, perhaps that was best. "I'd have to spend a few years there?" "It's much safer there than anywhere else. And the doctors there really know what they're doing." He hunched over in his chair. "Don't look so glum! It's great over there! You could have your own place, make new friends, do anything you want." "Except leave," Javier said. "With respect, Javier, it's not your decision," Dr Sarton said. "Besides, Amy, do you want to be on the run forever? Wouldn't you rather try to help yourself get better, and get your life back?" Amy looked at her hands. Get her life back? Her life as she knew it had ended the moment she decided to run up to that stage and attack Portia.

pages: 346 words: 90,371

Rethinking the Economics of Land and Housing by Josh Ryan-Collins, Toby Lloyd, Laurie Macfarlane

"Robert Solow", agricultural Revolution, asset-backed security, balance sheet recession, bank run, banking crisis, barriers to entry, basic income, Bretton Woods, business cycle, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, collective bargaining, Corn Laws, correlation does not imply causation, creative destruction, credit crunch, debt deflation, deindustrialization, falling living standards, financial deregulation, financial innovation, Financial Instability Hypothesis, financial intermediation, full employment, garden city movement, George Akerlof, ghettoisation, Gini coefficient, Hernando de Soto, housing crisis, Hyman Minsky, income inequality, information asymmetry, knowledge worker, labour market flexibility, labour mobility, land reform, land tenure, land value tax, Landlord’s Game, low skilled workers, market bubble, market clearing, Martin Wolf, means of production, money market fund, mortgage debt, negative equity, Network effects, new economy, New Urbanism, Northern Rock, offshore financial centre, Pareto efficiency, place-making, price stability, profit maximization, quantitative easing, rent control, rent-seeking, Richard Florida, Right to Buy, rising living standards, risk tolerance, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, shareholder value, the built environment, The Great Moderation, The Market for Lemons, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, transaction costs, universal basic income, urban planning, urban sprawl, working poor, working-age population

‘An Introduction to Two-Rate Taxation of Land and Buildings’. Review 87 (3): 359–74. Collins, Michael. 2012. Money and Banking in the UK: A History. Vol. 6. Abingdon: Routledge. Community Land Trust Network. 2015. ‘Housing: It’s in Our Hands’. Conaty, Pat, and Martin Large. 2013. Commons Sense: Co-Operative Place Making and the Capturing of Land Value for 21st Century Garden Cities. Manchester: Co-Operatives UK. Cribb, Jonathan, Andrew Hood, and Robert Joyce. 2016. ‘The Economic Circumstances of Different Generations: The Latest Picture’. IFS Briefing Note BN187. Crook, A.

pages: 376 words: 93,160

More Blood, More Sweat and Another Cup of Tea by Tom Reynolds

clockwatching, friendly fire, hive mind, illegal immigration, place-making, Stanford prison experiment

So we moved the rather ill patient to the ambulance and while treating him waited for the accompanying member of staff. We waited and we waited. I was considering just driving off. Eventually one of the usual foot-shuffler ‘nurses’ made an appearance and we left for the hospital. It’s depressing, and I’ve written about this before, but it’s all too common to find this sort of neglect going on in nursing homes. The companies who run these places make huge amounts of profits, yet the care is what I, in fact what most people, would call substandard. If the number of people with dementia continues to increase then more people will need nursing care, and if the care isn’t there at the moment I dread to think what it will be like in the future. Violence We ambulance crews are verbally and physically abused on an almost daily basis—it has become so common that we tend to ignore the verbal abuse that we get.

pages: 346 words: 89,180

Capitalism Without Capital: The Rise of the Intangible Economy by Jonathan Haskel, Stian Westlake

"Robert Solow", 23andMe, activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, Andrei Shleifer, bank run, banking crisis, Bernie Sanders, business climate, business process, buy and hold, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, cloud computing, cognitive bias, computer age, corporate governance, corporate raider, correlation does not imply causation, creative destruction, dark matter, Diane Coyle, Donald Trump, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, Edward Glaeser, Elon Musk, endogenous growth, Erik Brynjolfsson, everywhere but in the productivity statistics, Fellow of the Royal Society, financial innovation, full employment, fundamental attribution error, future of work, Gini coefficient, Hernando de Soto, hiring and firing, income inequality, index card, indoor plumbing, intangible asset, Internet of things, Jane Jacobs, Jaron Lanier, job automation, Kenneth Arrow, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, laissez-faire capitalism, liquidity trap, low skilled workers, Marc Andreessen, Mother of all demos, Network effects, new economy, open economy, patent troll, paypal mafia, Peter Thiel,, place-making, post-industrial society, Productivity paradox, quantitative hedge fund, rent-seeking, revision control, Richard Florida, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Gordon, Ronald Coase, Sand Hill Road, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, self-driving car, shareholder value, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, six sigma, Skype, software patent, sovereign wealth fund, spinning jenny, Steve Jobs, survivorship bias, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Tim Cook: Apple, total factor productivity, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, urban planning, Vanguard fund, walkable city, X Prize, zero-sum game

The cities of the Kingdom of Bar have chosen one of two unfortunate paths: in some cases, they have privileged continuity over dynamism in its towns—creating places like Oxford in the UK, which are beautiful and full of convivial public spaces, but where it is very hard to build anything, meaning few people can take advantage of the economic potential the place creates. Other cities resemble Houston, Texas, in the 1990s—a low-regulation paradise where an absence of planning laws keeps home and office prices low, but where the lack of walkable centers and convivial places makes it harder for intangibles to multiply. (To Houston’s credit, it has changed for the better in the last twenty years.) The worst of Bar’s cities fail in both regards, underinvesting in urban amenities and making it hard to build. In all three cases, the economic disadvantage of not having vibrant cities that can grow have become larger and larger as the importance of intangibles has increased.

pages: 332 words: 91,780

Starstruck: The Business of Celebrity by Currid

"Robert Solow", barriers to entry, Bernie Madoff, Donald Trump, income inequality, index card, industrial cluster, Mark Zuckerberg, Metcalfe’s law, natural language processing, place-making, Ponzi scheme, post-industrial society, prediction markets, Renaissance Technologies, Richard Florida, Robert Metcalfe, rolodex, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, slashdot, transaction costs, upwardly mobile, urban decay, Vilfredo Pareto, winner-take-all economy

In the fall of 2009, more than twenty hours of content were uploaded every minute on YouTube, a 60 percent increase in just a year and a half. Considering that most uploads are an average of one minute each, you get a sense of how hard it is to stay on top. As one YouTube executive put it, “You are up against a sea of competition.” And this is another aspect of how democratic celebrity plays out: The sheer number of contestants all vying for the same place makes democratic stardom much harder to sustain than conventional Hollywood or sports celebrity. Uploading a video to YouTube might take five minutes and no one needs an agent to do it, but the only YouTube celebrities who make it in the long term are those who have viewers who “subscribe” to see their videos regularly, or those whose video is featured on the YouTube home page. He continued, “Hollywood is push celebrity, while YouTube is pull.

pages: 293 words: 90,714

Copenhagenize: The Definitive Guide to Global Bicycle Urbanism by Mikael Colville-Andersen

active transport: walking or cycling, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, autonomous vehicles, business cycle, car-free, congestion charging, corporate social responsibility, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, Enrique Peñalosa, functional fixedness, if you build it, they will come, Induced demand, intermodal, Jane Jacobs, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Kickstarter, Mahatma Gandhi, meta analysis, meta-analysis, neurotypical, out of africa, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, self-driving car, sharing economy, smart cities, starchitect, transcontinental railway, urban planning, urban sprawl, Yogi Berra

In the United States there is a national organization, the League of American Bicyclists, but there are also a great many other bicycle-related organizations and it gets confusing. There seems to be tough competition to dominate the conversation. Off the top of my head, there is 8 80 Cities out of Toronto but operating across North America; the Green Lane Project, which was a branch of People for Bikes; Complete Streets Coalition; the National Association of City Transportation Officials, NACTO; Strong Towns, all the place-making people, and Better Block Foundation. I’m probably missing some, but the point is that it’s incredibly difficult for the outside observer to navigate the messaging from so many organizations intent on their angle becoming the standard. It’s not my business to get them all to merge into one super organization, and that is unlikely to happen. The point is that for people outside our bike-happy academic echo chamber, it is confusing and tiring to try and figure out what is what and who is who.

pages: 312 words: 91,835

Global Inequality: A New Approach for the Age of Globalization by Branko Milanovic

"Robert Solow", Asian financial crisis, assortative mating, Berlin Wall, bitcoin, Black Swan, Branko Milanovic, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, centre right, colonial exploitation, colonial rule, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, deglobalization, demographic transition, Deng Xiaoping, discovery of the americas, European colonialism, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, full employment, Gini coefficient, Gunnar Myrdal, income inequality, income per capita, invisible hand, labor-force participation, liberal capitalism, low skilled workers, Martin Wolf, means of production, mittelstand, moral hazard, Nash equilibrium, offshore financial centre, oil shock, open borders, Paul Samuelson, place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, post scarcity, post-industrial society, profit motive, purchasing power parity, Ralph Nader, Second Machine Age, seigniorage, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, special economic zone, stakhanovite, trade route, transfer pricing, very high income, Vilfredo Pareto, Washington Consensus, women in the workforce

Alfani (2014, 25) is skeptical of Herlihy’s (1978) “fascinating” thesis, based on meager evidence from one town (Pistoia) in Tuscany, that the Florentine plague of 1348 led to an increase in inequality. Herlihy argues that many estates lost their owners as a result of the plague; these estates were then bought for a low price by those who survived, thus concentrating wealth. Even if this might have happened in the fourteenth century, Alfani writes, by the mid-seventeenth century, when the last of the big plagues occurred, new institutional arrangements were in place, making it more difficult for small parcels of land that had lost their owners to be bought up and concentrated in larger estates. Herlihy’s mistake, according to Alfani and Ammannati (2014, 23), seems to have been in not making adequate allowance for the differences in wealth and income coverage in the two sources he used, the quota d’estimo (the earlier taxation mechanism used by the Florentine state) and the more well-known catasto of 1427. 17.

pages: 290 words: 94,968

Writing on the Wall: Social Media - the First 2,000 Years by Tom Standage

Bill Duvall, British Empire, Edmond Halley, Edward Lloyd's coffeehouse, invention of the printing press, invention of writing, Isaac Newton, knowledge worker, Leonard Kleinrock, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, Mohammed Bouazizi, New Journalism, packet switching, place-making, Republic of Letters, sexual politics, social intelligence, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, theory of mind, yellow journalism

But everything should have a relationship to our day. Everything should include the theme of our great reconstructive work, or at least not stand in its way. Above all it is necessary to clearly centralize all radio activities … We want a radio that reaches the people, a radio that works for the people, a radio that is an intermediary between the government and the nation. Radios were placed in offices, factories, and public places, making the endless coverage of speeches and rallies almost inescapable. Writing in Foreign Affairs in 1938, the American journalist César Saerchinger described the Nazis hieroglyphicthIQ’ use of radio. “In their hands it has become the most powerful political weapon the world has ever seen. Used with superlative showmanship, with complete intolerance of opposition, with ruthless disregard for truth, and inspired by a fervent belief that every act and thought must be made subservient to the national purpose, it suffuses all forms of political, social, cultural and educational activity in the land.”

pages: 313 words: 95,077

Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations by Clay Shirky

Andrew Keen, Berlin Wall, bioinformatics, Brewster Kahle,, Charles Lindbergh, crowdsourcing,, hiring and firing, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, Internet Archive, invention of agriculture, invention of movable type, invention of the printing press, invention of the telegraph, jimmy wales, Joi Ito, Kuiper Belt, liberation theology, Mahatma Gandhi, means of production, Merlin Mann, Metcalfe’s law, Nash equilibrium, Network effects, Nicholas Carr, Picturephone, place-making, Pluto: dwarf planet, prediction markets, price mechanism, prisoner's dilemma, profit motive, Richard Stallman, Robert Metcalfe, Ronald Coase, Silicon Valley, slashdot, social software, Stewart Brand, supply-chain management, The Nature of the Firm, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, The Wisdom of Crowds, transaction costs, ultimatum game, Vilfredo Pareto, Yogi Berra

Because of transaction costs a long list of possible goods and services never became actual goods and services; things like aggregating amateur documentation of the London transit bombings were simply outside the realm of possibility. That collection now exists because people have always desired to share, and the obstacles that prevented sharing on a global scale are now gone. Think of these activities as lying under a Coasean floor; they are valuable to someone but too expensive to be taken on in any institutional way, because the basic and unsheddable costs of being an institution in the first place make those activities not worth pursuing. Our basic human desires and talents for group effort are stymied by the complexities of group action at every turn. Coordination, organization, even communication in groups is hard and gets harder as the group grows. That difficulty means that whatever methods help coordinate group action will spread, no matter how inefficient they are, so long as they are better than nothing.

Alpha Girls: The Women Upstarts Who Took on Silicon Valley's Male Culture and Made the Deals of a Lifetime by Julian Guthrie

Airbnb, Apple II, barriers to entry, blockchain, Bob Noyce, call centre, cloud computing, credit crunch, disruptive innovation, Elon Musk, equal pay for equal work, fear of failure, game design, glass ceiling, hiring and firing, Jeff Bezos, Louis Pasteur, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, Mitch Kapor, new economy, PageRank, peer-to-peer,, phenotype, place-making, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, Snapchat, software as a service, South of Market, San Francisco, stealth mode startup, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, TaskRabbit, Tim Cook: Apple, Travis Kalanick, uber lyft, unpaid internship, upwardly mobile, urban decay, web application, William Shockley: the traitorous eight, women in the workforce

Just give us your final gold master .exe file—the same thing you send to the factory that manufactures your CD-ROMs. We can wrap it up for you and put it in an online store for people to download, and you collect the money.” Matthew couldn’t tell whether Susanne Brey disliked him or the idea. He hoped Theresia would take over. She had mastered this kind of strategic corporate dance—the language, the pauses, the eye contact, and the pacing. It was Theresia who had landed the meeting in the first place, making the case to Symantec that its Norton antivirus software required regular updates that could be done electronically rather than in boxed software. Matthew’s heart sank when he saw Brey checking her watch. That was Theresia’s cue to take over. She covered as much territory as she could, as efficiently and quickly as possible. Then Brey stood. Their time was up. The meeting was over. Walking out, Matthew was deflated, sure it had been a disaster.

Liz Walker by EcoVillage at Ithaca Pioneering a Sustainable Culture (2005)

car-free, Community Supported Agriculture, microcredit, mortgage debt, New Urbanism, place-making, planetary scale, ride hailing / ride sharing, the built environment, World Values Survey

The process led us through many thoughtful explorations, albeit few conclusions. And Phebe completed her MA and graduated. But her work at EcoVillage had just begun. Phebe and Wayne moved to EVI in March 2002 and started building a house in SONG. Phebe continued to search for her niche in the educational side of things and often felt frustrated that her role was not clear. She eventually found her place. Making use of the “Living the Questions” model she’d already developed, Phebe helped the whole community to refocus on what it means to live here. First she convened a working group to map out an effective process. Phebe’s husband Wayne signed on, as did a contingent of EVI old-timers, including Monty, Jay, Elan, and me. Together we planned the sessions (both work and play) that would help everyone in the community express their thoughts and feelings about life at EVI.

Fodor's Costa Rica 2012 by Fodor's

Berlin Wall, buttonwood tree, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, David Attenborough, haute cuisine, Pepto Bismol, place-making, sustainable-tourism, urban renewal, urban sprawl

Clarion Hotel Amón Plaza From its active in-hotel recycling program and its eco-friendly store that sells no products made from endangered woods, to its small garden that acquaints you with rain-forest plant species and its liaison program with the community, the Amón Plaza is greener than most countryside hotels. Read full Clarion Hotel Amón Plaza review. Hotel Rincón de San José Your hot water in this small Barrio Otoya hotel will be solar heated, and the place makes maximum use of natural lighting during the day in its public areas. The Rincón de San José uses only biodegradable products whenever possible, it also engages in an active recycling program. Even captured rainwater finds its way into your room’s toilet basin. Read full Hotel Rincón de San José review. Hotel Presidente Costa Rica’s first “carbon neutral” hotel has taken major steps to reduce its carbon footprint.

Where to Stay in Playa Tambor Area Costa Coral del Pacífico. $ | On the road from Paquera, just outside Tambor’s entrance, stands this festive blue-and-orange hotel with spacious and tastefully decorated Mexican-theme rooms. Those with terraces face the pool and hot-tub area, and all have well-kept kitchenettes. The top floor holds a restaurant and bar, with karaoke on Thursday night. The beach lies about 300 meters away. This place makes for a good overnight stop on your way to or from Paquera. Pros: wonderful staff; clean. Cons: very out of the way; little English spoken. TripAdvisor: “comfortable as home,” “clean and nice rooms,” “food was excellent.” | Road to Cóbano, 200 m from Tambor’s cemetery, left-hand side | 60105 | 2683–0105 or 2683–0280 | | 10 rooms | In-room: a/c, kitchen. In-hotel: restaurant, bar, pool, parking | Breakfast.

pages: 346 words: 102,625

Early Retirement Extreme by Jacob Lund Fisker

8-hour work day, active transport: walking or cycling, barriers to entry, buy and hold, clean water, Community Supported Agriculture, delayed gratification, discounted cash flows, diversification, dogs of the Dow, don't be evil, dumpster diving, financial independence, game design, index fund, invention of the steam engine, inventory management, lateral thinking, loose coupling, market bubble, McMansion, passive income, peak oil, place-making, Ponzi scheme, psychological pricing, the scientific method, time value of money, transaction costs, wage slave, working poor

For example, 10 average shirts that get washed after wearing them for a day give 1,000 washes total. They would last a little under 3 years given equal amount of wear. If shirt fashion changes faster than this, 10 shirts is too many. As clothes can take up a lot of space, you may want to reduce the size of your wardrobe to keep other things in your closet, or to simply require less closet space in the first place. Making your own clothing Clothing is now so inexpensive, at least in terms of getting dressed, that making your own isn't worthwhile other than for the satisfaction it brings. Mending and darning are still valuable skills, as is resizing. Laundry You may want to put in an external constraint that all dirty clothes should comprise a full laundry load to minimize laundry machine use (wear, money, water, electricity).

pages: 367 words: 99,765

Maphead: Charting the Wide, Weird World of Geography Wonks by Ken Jennings

Asperger Syndrome, augmented reality, Bartolomé de las Casas, Berlin Wall, Boris Johnson, British Empire, clean water, David Brooks, digital map, don't be evil, dumpster diving, Eratosthenes, game design, Google Earth, helicopter parent, hive mind, index card, John Harrison: Longitude, John Snow's cholera map, Mercator projection, Mercator projection distort size, especially Greenland and Africa, Mikhail Gorbachev, New Journalism, openstreetmap, place-making, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Skype, Stewart Brand, Tacoma Narrows Bridge, traveling salesman, urban planning

When people talk about their experiences with the defining news stories of their generation (the Kennedy assassination, the moon landing, the Berlin Wall, 9/11), they always frame them as where-we-were-when-we-heard. I was in the kitchen, I was in gym class, I was driving to work. It’s not relevant to the Challenger explosion in any way that I was in my elementary school cafeteria when I heard about it, but that’s still how I remember the event and tell it to others. Naming the place makes us feel connected, situated in the story. And maps are just too convenient and too tempting a way to understand place. There’s a tension in them. Almost every map, whether of a shopping mall, a city, or a continent, will show us two kinds of places: places where we’ve been and places we’ve never been. The nearby and the faraway exist together in the same frame, our world undeniably connected to the new and unexpected.

Refactoring: Improving the Design of Existing Code by Martin Fowler, Kent Beck, John Brant, William Opdyke, Don Roberts

conceptual framework, database schema, index card, MVC pattern, place-making, sorting algorithm

The problem with building a flexible solution is that flexibility costs. Flexible solutions are more complex than simple ones. The resulting software is more difficult to maintain in general, although it is easier to flex in the direction I had in mind. Even there, however, you have to understand how to flex the design. For one or two aspects this is no big deal, but changes occur throughout the system. Building flexibility in all these places makes the overall system a lot more complex and expensive to maintain. The big frustration, of course, is that all this flexibility is not needed. Some of it is, but it's impossible to predict which pieces those are. To gain flexibility, you are forced to put in a lot more flexibility than you actually need. With refactoring you approach the risks of change differently. You still think about potential changes, you still consider flexible solutions.

pages: 317 words: 101,475

Chavs: The Demonization of the Working Class by Owen Jones

Asperger Syndrome, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, Boris Johnson, British Empire, call centre, collapse of Lehman Brothers, credit crunch, deindustrialization, Etonian, facts on the ground, falling living standards, first-past-the-post, ghettoisation, Gini coefficient, hiring and firing, housing crisis, illegal immigration, income inequality, informal economy, low skilled workers, low-wage service sector, mass immigration, Neil Kinnock, Occupy movement, pension reform, place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, race to the bottom, Right to Buy, rising living standards, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Spirit Level, too big to fail, unpaid internship, upwardly mobile, We are the 99%, wealth creators, Winter of Discontent, women in the workforce, working-age population

The document repeatedly affirmed that women under eighteen were 'three times more likely to be pregnant in the most deprived areas compared to the least deprived areas. In the most deprived areas 54 per cent are likely to fall pregnant before the age of 18, compared to just 19 per cent in the least deprived areas.' It was a real wake-up call: over half of all teenage girls in some areas were falling pregnant! It turned out the Tories had put the decimal points in the wrong place, making figures wrong by a multiple of ten. The real figure for the ten most deprived areas was actually just 5.4 per cent. The document also failed to mention a decline in under-eighteen conceptions of over 10 per cent in these areas--reversing a trend that had been going up under previous Tory governmenta/ By 2007,11.4 per cent of conceptions were to women under the age of twenty-aboutthe same level as that conservative golden age of family values, the 1950s.

pages: 364 words: 100,898

Queenie by Candice Carty-Williams

Kickstarter, off grid, place-making, sexual politics, Snapchat

Introduction Queenie Jenkins is a twenty-five-year-old Jamaican British woman living in London, straddling two cultures and not feeing entirely comfortable in either. She’s worked hard to obtain a job at a national newspaper, but once there, she finds she’s constantly comparing herself to her white, middle-class peers and coming up wanting. Plus, there’s the break-up with her long-term boyfriend. Unmoored, Queenie seeks comfort in all the wrong places, making many questionable decisions. As Queenie careens from one poor choice to another, she finds herself wondering, “What are you doing? Why are you doing it? Who do you want to be?”—all of the questions today’s woman must face in a world trying to answer them for her. With “fresh and honest” (Jojo Moyes) prose, Queenie is a remarkably relatable exploration of what it means to be a modern woman searching for meaning in today’s world.

pages: 317 words: 100,414

Superforecasting: The Art and Science of Prediction by Philip Tetlock, Dan Gardner

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, availability heuristic, Black Swan, butterfly effect, buy and hold, cloud computing, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, desegregation, drone strike, Edward Lorenz: Chaos theory, forward guidance, Freestyle chess, fundamental attribution error, germ theory of disease, hindsight bias, index fund, Jane Jacobs, Jeff Bezos, Kenneth Arrow, Laplace demon, longitudinal study, Mikhail Gorbachev, Mohammed Bouazizi, Nash equilibrium, Nate Silver, Nelson Mandela, obamacare, pattern recognition, performance metric, Pierre-Simon Laplace, place-making, placebo effect, prediction markets, quantitative easing, random walk, randomized controlled trial, Richard Feynman, Richard Thaler, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, scientific worldview, Silicon Valley, Skype, statistical model, stem cell, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, the scientific method, The Signal and the Noise by Nate Silver, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas Bayes, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!

Not really. Many smart people made the same mistake, so it’s not embarrassing to own up to it. The quotation wasn’t central to my work and being right about it wasn’t part of my identity. But if I had staked my career on that quotation, my reaction might have been less casual. Social psychologists have long known that getting people to publicly commit to a belief is a great way to freeze it in place, making it resistant to change. The stronger the commitment, the greater the resistance.8 Jean-Pierre Beugoms is a superforecaster who prides himself on his willingness “to change my opinions a lot faster than my other teammates,” but he also noted “it is a challenge, I’ll admit that, especially if it’s a question that I have a certain investment in.” For Beugoms, that means military questions. He is a graduate of West Point who is writing his PhD dissertation on American military history.

pages: 341 words: 99,940

Will Storr vs. The Supernatural: One Man's Search for the Truth About Ghosts by Will Storr

income inequality, invisible hand, place-making

Sitting here, against the cold stone, the only thing I can make out are two thin arrow slits in the wall. The night sky outside them is tinted and glowing with cloudy moonlight. Suddenly, there’s a flash. It’s Dane’s digital camera. I can see his face as he studies the screen on the back of it. He’s looking for orbs – or ‘ghost lights’, as Lou Gentile would have it. He flashes and checks, flashes and checks. The thought that orbs could be invisibly zipping about the place makes me uneasy and I shift about, nervously. ‘I’ve got one over by the fireplace,’ Dane says. In the torchlight that his girlfriend is shining on him, I watch Dane go and kneel down on the dusty floorboards where he saw the orb. He has a set of rods in his hands. ‘Is there a spirit present with us now?’ begins Lance. The rods don’t move. ‘If there is a spirit present, will you please cross the rods?’

pages: 306 words: 97,211

Value Investing: From Graham to Buffett and Beyond by Bruce C. N. Greenwald, Judd Kahn, Paul D. Sonkin, Michael van Biema

Andrei Shleifer, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, business cycle, capital asset pricing model, corporate raider, creative destruction, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, discounted cash flows, diversified portfolio, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, fixed income, index fund, intangible asset, Long Term Capital Management, naked short selling, new economy, place-making, price mechanism, quantitative trading / quantitative finance, Richard Thaler, shareholder value, short selling, Silicon Valley, stocks for the long run, Telecommunications Act of 1996, time value of money, tulip mania, Y2K, zero-sum game

Despite all their experience with value investing and how the Schlosses practice it, these former clients were unable to incorporate the idea that at the right price-very low-the shares of a troubled company make a good investment. The Schlosses are very attentive to the taxes their partners will have to pay. They do not like to sell shares in which they have a profit whenever the sale would constitute a short-term capital gain. This occasionally may put an investment at some risk; tax laws currently in place make it difficult, if not impossible, to protect the gain by a hedge until it goes long-term. Given the different tax rates between short- and long-term gains, that is a risk the Schlosses are willing to take. There are two policies that the Schlosses follow in their partnership that set them apart from most money managers running similarly struc tured investment funds. First, they assume that they will distribute all the realized gains to their partners each year.

Data and the City by Rob Kitchin,Tracey P. Lauriault,Gavin McArdle

A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, bike sharing scheme, bitcoin, blockchain, Bretton Woods, Chelsea Manning, citizen journalism, Claude Shannon: information theory, clean water, cloud computing, complexity theory, conceptual framework, corporate governance, correlation does not imply causation, create, read, update, delete, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, dematerialisation, digital map, distributed ledger, fault tolerance, fiat currency, Filter Bubble, floating exchange rates, global value chain, Google Earth, hive mind, Internet of things, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, lifelogging, linked data, loose coupling, new economy, New Urbanism, Nicholas Carr, open economy, openstreetmap, packet switching, pattern recognition, performance metric, place-making, RAND corporation, RFID, Richard Florida, ride hailing / ride sharing, semantic web, sentiment analysis, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia, smart contracts, smart grid, smart meter, social graph, software studies, statistical model, TaskRabbit, text mining, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the market place, the medium is the message, the scientific method, Toyota Production System, urban planning, urban sprawl, web application

Storey 106 Governing Smart Specialisation Edited by Dimitrios Kyriakou, Manuel Palazuelos Martínez, Inmaculada Periáñez-Forte, and Alessandro Rainoldi 105 Innovation, Regional Development and the Life Sciences Beyond clusters Kean Birch 104 Unfolding Cluster Evolution Edited by Fiorenza Belussi and Jose Luis Hervás-Olivier 103 Place-based Economic Development and the New EU Cohesion Policy Edited by Philip McCann and Attila Varga 102 Transformation of Resource Towns and Peripheries Political economy perspectives Edited by Greg Halseth 101 Approaches to Economic Geography Towards a geographical political economy Ray Hudson 100 Secondary Cities and Development Edited by Lochner Marais, Etienne Nel and Ronnie Donaldson 99 Technology and the City Systems, applications and implications Tan Yigitcanlar 98 Smaller Cities in a World of Competitiveness Peter Karl Kresl and Daniele Ietri 97 Code and the City Edited by Rob Kitchin and Sung-Yueh Perng 96 The UK Regional–National Economic Problem Geography, globalisation and governance Philip McCann 95 Skills and Cities Edited by Sako Musterd, Marco Bontje and Jan Rouwendal 94 Higher Education and the Creative Economy Beyond the campus Edited by Roberta Comunian and Abigail Gilmore 93 Making Cultural Cities in Asia Mobility, assemblage, and the politics of aspirational urbanism Edited by Jun Wang, Tim Oakes and Yang Yang 92 Leadership and the City Power, strategy and networks in the making of knowledge cities Markku Sotarauta 91 Evolutionary Economic Geography Theoretical and empirical progress Edited by Dieter Kogler 90 Cities in Crisis Socio-spatial impacts of the economic crisis in Southern European cities Edited by Jörg Knieling and Frank Othengrafen 89 Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities East meets West Edited by Tiit Tammaru, Szymon Marcińczak, Maarten van Ham, Sako Musterd 88 People, Places and Policy Knowing contemporary Wales through new localities Edited by Martin Jones, Scott Orford and Victoria Macfarlane 87 The London Olympics and Urban Development The mega-event city Edited by Gavin Poynter, Valerie Viehoff and Yang Li 86 Making 21st Century Knowledge Complexes Technopoles of the world revisited Edited by Julie Tian Miao, Paul Benneworth and Nicholas A. Phelps 85 Soft Spaces in Europe Re-negotiating governance, boundaries and borders Edited by Philip Allmendinger, Graham Haughton, Jörg Knieling and Frank Othengrafen 84 Regional Worlds: Advancing the Geography of Regions Edited by Martin Jones and Anssi Paasi 83 Place-making and Urban Development New challenges for contemporary planning and design Pier Carlo Palermo and Davide Ponzini 82 Knowledge, Networks and Policy Regional studies in postwar Britain and beyond James Hopkins 81 Dynamics of Economic Spaces in the Global Knowledge-based Economy Theory and East Asian cases Sam Ock Park 80 Urban Competitiveness Theory and practice Daniele Letri and Peter Kresl 79 Smart Specialisation Opportunities and challenges for regional innovation policy Dominique Foray 78 The Age of Intelligent Cities Smart environments and innovation-for-all strategies Nicos Komninos 77 Space and Place in Central and Eastern Europe Historical trends and perspectives Gyula Horváth 76 Territorial Cohesion in Rural Europe The relational turn in rural development Edited by Andrew Copus and Philomena de Lima 75 The Global Competitiveness of Regions Robert Huggins, Hiro Izushi, Daniel Prokop and Piers Thompson 74 The Social Dynamics of Innovation Networks Edited by Roel Rutten, Paul Benneworth, Dessy Irawati and Frans Boekema 73 The European Territory From historical roots to global challenges Jacques Robert 72 Urban Innovation Systems What makes them tick?

Fodor's Costa Rica 2013 by Fodor's Travel Publications Inc.

airport security, Berlin Wall, buttonwood tree, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, David Attenborough, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, Pepto Bismol, place-making, sustainable-tourism, urban sprawl

Hotel Presidente Costa Rica’s first “carbon neutral” hotel has taken major steps to reduce its carbon footprint. What is left over is offset by a tree-planting project the lodging supports. The Presidente has organized a small but growing consortium of San José hotels to take up recycling. All in all, not bad for a place located smack-dab in the center of the city. Hotel Rincón de San José Your hot water in this small Barrio Otoya hotel will be solar heated, and the place makes maximum use of natural lighting during the day in its public areas. The Rincón de San José uses only biodegradable products whenever possible, it also engages in an active recycling program. Even captured rainwater finds its way into your room’s toilet basin. PEDESTRIANS ONLY The government is forever announcing some grandiose plan to make San José more livable and a bit less of an urban hell.

WHERE TO STAY IN PLAYA TAMBOR AREA Costa Coral del Pacífico. $ | HOTEL | On the road from Paquera, just outside Tambor’s entrance, stands this festive blue-and-orange hotel with spacious and tastefully decorated Mexican-theme rooms. Those with terraces face the pool and hot-tub area, and all have well-kept kitchenettes. The top floor holds a restaurant and bar, with karaoke on Thursday night. The beach lies about 300 meters away. This place makes for a good overnight stop on your way to or from Paquera. Pros: wonderful staff; clean. Cons: very out of the way; little English spoken. TripAdvisor: “old-fashioned rooms,” “excellent retreat,” “amazing experience.” | Rooms from: $65 | Road to Cóbano, 200 m from Tambor’s cemetery, left-hand side | 60105 | 2683–0105, 2683–0280 | | 10 rooms | Breakfast. Tambor Tropical. $$$ | RESORT | You don’t come here for the beach—it’s not a great stretch of sand—but the Tambor Tropical is a convenient base for anyone interested in sportfishing or horseback riding, or for those who simply seek an intimate setting in which to loll by the pool.

pages: 326 words: 29,543

The Docks by Bill Sharpsteen

affirmative action, anti-communist, big-box store, collective bargaining, Google Earth, intermodal, inventory management, jitney, Just-in-time delivery, new economy, Panamax, place-making, Port of Oakland, post-Panamax, RAND corporation, refrigerator car, strikebreaker, women in the workforce

It is a relatively cheap and painless way of confirming the absence of a dangerous substance or device, and the absence of persons illegally attempting to gain access. This, of course, makes the inspection of “empty” containers all the more compelling and an absolute necessity in any port security program. Mitre then demonstrated the kind of fertile imagination so many people have when it comes to possible terrorist acts: Once the cargo within the container has been unloaded at its eventual destination, there is no system, protocol, or requirement in place making the last shipper responsible for closing and sealing the doors. As a result, this empty container will travel over the roads of the U.S. unlocked and open. It may serve as a platform or vehicle for anything or anyone who may desire to do harm to our country. It may lie unattended on city streets or even within the port for days or even weeks until it is returned to the terminal for shipment [usually back to Asia.]

pages: 462 words: 172,671

Clean Code: A Handbook of Agile Software Craftsmanship by Robert C. Martin

continuous integration, database schema, domain-specific language, don't repeat yourself, Donald Knuth,, Eratosthenes, finite state, G4S, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, iterative process, place-making, Rubik’s Cube, web application

As we maintain automobiles and other machines under TPM, breakdown maintenance—waiting for bugs to surface—is the exception. Instead, we go up a level: inspect the machines every day and fix wearing parts before they break, or do the equivalent of the proverbial 10,000-mile oil change to forestall wear and tear. In code, refactor mercilessly. You can improve yet one level further, as the TPM movement innovated over 50 years ago: build machines that are more maintainable in the first place. Making your code readable is as important as making it executable. The ultimate practice, introduced in TPM circles around 1960, is to focus on introducing entire new machines or replacing old ones. As Fred Brooks admonishes us, we should probably re-do major software chunks from scratch every seven years or so to sweep away creeping cruft. Perhaps we should update Brooks’ time constant to an order of weeks, days or hours instead of years.

pages: 319 words: 105,949

Skyfaring: A Journey With a Pilot by Mark Vanhoenacker

Airbus A320, British Empire, Cape to Cairo, computer age, dark matter, digital map, Edmond Halley, Joan Didion, John Harrison: Longitude, Louis Blériot, Maui Hawaii, Nelson Mandela, out of africa, phenotype, place-making, planetary scale, Ralph Waldo Emerson, random walk, the built environment, transcontinental railway, Year of Magical Thinking

We forget, unless we cross it as often as long-haul pilots do, that the Sahara isn’t much smaller than the United States; then there are the vast, barely inhabited portions of Australia, a continent comparable in breadth to the contiguous United States (as Australian postcards that overlay maps of the two make so clear); and then there is the Kalahari, and Arabia. I don’t mean to suggest that the portions of the earth that look empty have not been disturbed—nearly all of them have been, not least by climate change, to which the planes that carry us over such places make a growing contribution—or that we can make useful assessments of our impact on the environment from casual aerial observations. Only a specialist can look down on a brown autumn landscape of Canada or Finland, for example, and say where the snow would likely have fallen by this date a hundred years ago. But if you have ever hiked or driven through a very rural area or a nature reserve, and looked closely at the many lesser peaks that surround one well-known mountain, and speculated on whether anyone has ever stood on them, or even whether some have ever been given a name, then that is exactly the feeling I often have while looking out from the window seat of a long-haul airliner.

pages: 416 words: 106,582

This Will Make You Smarter: 150 New Scientific Concepts to Improve Your Thinking by John Brockman

23andMe, Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, banking crisis, Barry Marshall: ulcers, Benoit Mandelbrot, Berlin Wall, biofilm, Black Swan, butterfly effect, Cass Sunstein, cloud computing, congestion charging, correlation does not imply causation, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, dark matter, data acquisition, David Brooks, delayed gratification, Emanuel Derman, epigenetics, Exxon Valdez, Flash crash, Flynn Effect, hive mind, impulse control, information retrieval, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Isaac Newton, Jaron Lanier, Johannes Kepler, John von Neumann, Kevin Kelly, lifelogging, mandelbrot fractal, market design, Mars Rover, Marshall McLuhan, microbiome, Murray Gell-Mann, Nicholas Carr, open economy, Pierre-Simon Laplace, place-making, placebo effect, pre–internet, QWERTY keyboard, random walk, randomized controlled trial, rent control, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman: Challenger O-ring, Richard Thaler, Satyajit Das, Schrödinger's Cat, security theater, selection bias, Silicon Valley, Stanford marshmallow experiment, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, Stewart Brand, the scientific method, Thorstein Veblen, Turing complete, Turing machine, twin studies, Vilfredo Pareto, Walter Mischel, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks, zero-sum game

The reason human beings dominate the planet is not because they have big brains: Neanderthals had big brains but were just another kind of predatory ape. Evolving a 1,200-cubic-centimeter brain and a lot of fancy software like language was necessary but not sufficient for civilization. The reason some economies work better than others is certainly not because they have cleverer people in charge, and the reason some places make great discoveries is not because the people there are smarter. Human achievement is entirely a networking phenomenon. It is by putting brains together through the division of labor—through trade and specialization—that human society stumbled upon a way to raise the living standards, carrying capacity, technological virtuosity, and knowledge base of the species. We can see this in all sorts of phenomena: the correlation between technology and connected population size in Pacific islands; the collapse of technology in people who became isolated, like native Tasmanians; the success of trading city-states in Greece, Italy, Holland, and Southeast Asia; the creative consequences of trade.

The Last Best Cure: My Quest to Awaken the Healing Parts of My Brain and Get Back My Body, My Joy, a Nd My Life by Donna Jackson Nakazawa

back-to-the-land, epigenetics, index card, longitudinal study, medical residency, meta analysis, meta-analysis, mouse model, place-making, placebo effect, randomized controlled trial, stem cell

My sympathetic nervous system is churning up the PIN response before I’m even fully conscious. I can’t get back to sleep. But if I run my fingers over the now crumpled index card beneath my pillow on which I’ve written my three blessings, the lovely moments of the previous day come flooding back. I savor them again. It changes my heart rate. Literally. I can feel my pulse slow down. Realizing why pleasant things happen in the first place makes me recognize and internalize what I need to do to make more feel-good moments happen tomorrow and the next day. And it does something else. Noticing what’s working, what’s going right, helps us to figure out what we love. The next day, and the day after, we gravitate to doing more of what yields that feeling of pleasure, because we are more keenly aware of what that is. We’re on the lookout for the good moments that saturate us with joy and well-being—instead of being on alert for the next bad thing.

pages: 370 words: 107,791

Burning Down the Haus: Punk Rock, Revolution, and the Fall of the Berlin Wall by Tim Mohr

anti-communist, Berlin Wall, cuban missile crisis, Edward Snowden, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, place-making, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, sexual politics, side project

Moving around kept the informants and spies guessing; often she managed to ditch her tails by living so erratically. After about a year, the Stasi gave up chase—though Lieutenant Müller of the Volkspolizei did not give up his patriotic crusade to rid his district of her “negative-decadent” influence. It was difficult to get an apartment at the time, so in 1979 Major registered herself at her great-grandmother’s place, making it her official residence in the hope that she might be able to stay there when her great-grandmother eventually died. Late that summer, while wandering through an annual local summer fair, Major saw something she had never seen before outside of her own mirror, a few Western magazines, and record covers: punks. There are others! Major had been a punk for nearly two years—totally alone, as far as she knew.

pages: 444 words: 107,664

The Secret Lives of Buildings: From the Ruins of the Parthenon to the Vegas Strip in Thirteen Stories by Edward Hollis

A Pattern Language, battle of ideas, Berlin Wall, facts on the ground, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Frank Gehry, place-making, South China Sea, the scientific method, Wunderkammern

There was a massive sound system in the front room—the downstairs kitchen had been turned into a bar selling Red Stripe, and the whole block seemed to ooze spliff. Not that it matters because every one is E’d up—gonzoid-eyed and scrunched-up faces leering into the dark haze. Careful as you wander around that staircase that sort of goes to the second floor. Soon enough the parties started taking over the whole place, making it more or less uninhabitable for anyone who wasn’t dancing. Gonnie recalls the memorable Hulme Demolition Sound System, not so much because of their music selection, but more because they set up in the little shopping precinct to play techno from Wednesday into Thursday morning, after the clubs had closed until the shops had opened, with just one police patrol car popping by to check the proceedings.

pages: 352 words: 109,653

Provenance by Ann Leckie


Ingray considered asking why, if that was the case, Chenns had neglected to mention just how few people would care very personally if anything happened to these particular children. “And actually, between you and me, she’s relieved to be rid of them. It’s just that she wonders why you troubled yourself over them, when no one else did and they’re no relations of yours. And it’s difficult for her to think that your mother allowing you to take her place makes any kind of sense, but Netano went with the children immediately, with no hesitation or even any sign that it might trouble her. Even though the commander agreed to the switch, she’s very suspicious of your presence here, for that reason.” “But Mama hadn’t named her heir yet,” Ingray protested. “And it wasn’t ever going to be me anyway.” Behind her, Prolocutor Dicat snorted. “I know,” said Chenns.

pages: 406 words: 105,602

The Startup Way: Making Entrepreneurship a Fundamental Discipline of Every Enterprise by Eric Ries

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, basic income, Ben Horowitz, Black-Scholes formula, call centre, centralized clearinghouse, Clayton Christensen, cognitive dissonance, connected car, corporate governance, DevOps, Elon Musk,, fault tolerance, Frederick Winslow Taylor, global supply chain, index card, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, Lean Startup, loss aversion, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, means of production, minimum viable product, moral hazard, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, obamacare, peer-to-peer, place-making, rent-seeking, Richard Florida, Sam Altman, Sand Hill Road, secular stagnation, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, six sigma, skunkworks, Steve Jobs, the scientific method, time value of money, Toyota Production System, Uber for X, universal basic income, web of trust, Y Combinator

THE THREE PHASES Part Two is structured around three common phases of transformations I’ve observed. Phase One is about laying the foundation through experimentation, adaptation, and translation. It is about preparing for the moment when decisive change becomes possible by building a critical mass of success stories and demonstrating that the new way of working is not only viable but preferable. In the government, a committed group of technologists was already in place, making this first phase work, collecting data, and preparing for a bigger role. Once that moment arrives, the organization shifts into Phase Two, which is for rapid scaling and deployment. All the resisters and objectors come out of the woodwork. The transformation either develops its own political heft or it dies. When Mikey Dickerson took the phone call, he actually entered the middle of the government’s transformation story.

pages: 385 words: 103,561

Pinpoint: How GPS Is Changing Our World by Greg Milner

Ayatollah Khomeini, British Empire, creative destruction, data acquisition, Dava Sobel, different worldview, digital map, Edmond Halley, Eratosthenes, experimental subject, Flash crash, friendly fire, Hedy Lamarr / George Antheil, Internet of things, Isaac Newton, John Harrison: Longitude, Kevin Kelly, land tenure, lone genius, low earth orbit, Mars Rover, Mercator projection, place-making, polynesian navigation, precision agriculture, race to the bottom, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, skunkworks, smart grid, the map is not the territory

The gunship concept extends back to the early days of aviation. Pilots delivering mail and supplies to remote regions such as the Amazon or the Australian outback learned that if they tied their package to a rope dangling from the side of the plane and flew the plane in a pylon turn—a continuous orbit on an imaginary axis extending from the plane to a single point on the ground—the package would hang in one place, making it easy for someone on the ground to retrieve. A fixed-wing gunship has armaments that fire from the side of the aircraft as it makes a pylon turn. Done right, a gunship allows for precise targeting from a fairly high altitude. The reality of engaging the Viet Cong’s guerrilla tactics was that aircraft were spotting targets on a first pass and then losing them on the second. Fast-moving jet aircraft tasked with supporting ground troops were missing targets, and sometimes even dropping napalm on their own soldiers—and they had no all-weather or night capabilities.

The Targeter: My Life in the CIA, Hunting Terrorists and Challenging the White House by Nada Bakos

Chelsea Manning, Edward Snowden, fear of failure, feminist movement, meta analysis, meta-analysis, performance metric, place-making, RAND corporation, WikiLeaks

The mission I’d eagerly sought, since almost the moment I transitioned into the Agency’s Iraq unit, was to help the United States take out that madman. It was done. I’ve realized in the time since then that it’s possible that no professional job I’ll hold in the future will mean as much as one I’ve already had. The colleagues I worked with who embraced the magnitude and responsibility of the sort of work we did—who sacrificed as much as I did, and far more, for the larger mission and still maintained a passion for making the world a safer place—make corporate America pale in comparison. I remember Roger telling me once about the bureaucracy at his technology firm and the stacks of paperwork he had to file before signing a nondisclosure agreement with a client. “Really?” I said. “I had to get through less red tape to target somebody.” I left the JTTF and retired from the Agency for good in 2007. But even now, whenever I read an article about conditions in Iraq, I think, “I hope someone is following this aspect of things and paying attention to that nuance.”

pages: 335 words: 111,405

B Is for Bauhaus, Y Is for YouTube: Designing the Modern World From a to Z by Deyan Sudjic

3D printing, additive manufacturing, Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, Boris Johnson, Buckminster Fuller, call centre, carbon footprint, clean water, dematerialisation, deskilling, edge city, Elon Musk, Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Bilbao, illegal immigration, James Dyson, Jane Jacobs, Kitchen Debate, light touch regulation, market design, megastructure, moral panic, New Urbanism, place-making, QWERTY keyboard, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, the scientific method, University of East Anglia, urban renewal, urban sprawl, young professional

I did the job in 2002, followed by Ricky Burdett in 2008, and ten years later by David Chipperfield. Look closely at the Miyake shop portrayed on that Blueprint cover, Chipperfield’s first substantial project, and you see veined white marble, wide timber floorboards, and an intricate palette for the supporting cast of materials. A little rich for the Chipperfield of today, perhaps, but a sophisticated exercise in place-making that, in its intentions and ambitions, is not so far from what he is doing now. Even then he was ready to say that it was important not to do too much; all that a shop might need could simply be to install a very beautiful floor. Early on in his career there were a couple of bruising encounters with the militantly philistine nature of the British way of doing things. When Chipperfield designed a sober house for the photographer Nick Knight, in an undistinguished suburb west of London, the neighbours, unabashed by the pebble-dash banality of their street, did all they could to prevent what they saw as an intrusion from being built.

pages: 225 words: 121,045

Inversions by Iain M. Banks

back-to-the-land, clean water, place-making

But people grumble about this tax or that, or that the Protector keeps such a large harem when many an honest working fellow can hardly find a wife, or they grumble about the luxurious life led by some of the Grand Aedile's generals,' ZeSpiole said, accepting a piece of fruit from Terim with a broad smile. RuLeuin smiled too. YetAmidous drank greedily. 'We are to be reassured, then, that we are in no immediate danger from the general populace,' he said. 'But what of our other frontiers? They are reduced to the minimum or less. Where are the reinforcements if some other place makes war on us?' 'The problem in Ladenscion will not last for ever,' RuLeuin said, though he looked troubled. 'The troops will come home. With the new men and machines now in Niarje, Simalg and Ralboute should be able to bring it to a swift conclusion.' 'We were told that at the start,' YetAmidous reminded the other man. 'We should all have gone then, all of us. We should have crushed the barons with every force at our command.'

pages: 366 words: 117,875

Arrival City by Doug Saunders

agricultural Revolution, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Branko Milanovic, call centre, credit crunch, Deng Xiaoping, desegregation, ghettoisation, Gini coefficient, guest worker program, Hernando de Soto, Honoré de Balzac, illegal immigration, immigration reform, income inequality, informal economy, Jane Jacobs, Kibera, land reform, land tenure, low skilled workers, mass immigration, megacity, microcredit, new economy, Pearl River Delta, pensions crisis, place-making, price mechanism, rent control, Silicon Valley, special economic zone, the built environment, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban sprawl, white flight, working poor, working-age population

By the end of the 1990s, the proportion of tenants in the former gecekondu neighborhoods had reached 80 percent.20 Kemal followed the hopscotch pattern of the second-generation migrant: First he got a job in a furniture shop, and he rented an old gecekondu house. It belonged to his uncle, who had been one of the revolutionaries who built this place in the ’70s. Actually, it was only half a house: his uncle had built at the bottom of the valley, and when the highway came along, he’d happily taken the money to have his house bisected. Kemal spent some money renovating the place, making it habitable, installing a satellite dish. He brought his mother and his little sister over to live with him. The noisy half-house became impossible, so he rented a flat on the third floor of one of those innumerable five-story buildings. He worked in the furniture store for two years, then in an insurance company’s branch office. Then he took a job managing a school cafeteria. His wife worked as a secretary, then as an accountant.

pages: 298 words: 43,745

Understanding Sponsored Search: Core Elements of Keyword Advertising by Jim Jansen

AltaVista, barriers to entry, Black Swan, bounce rate, business intelligence, butterfly effect, call centre, Claude Shannon: information theory, complexity theory, correlation does not imply causation,, first-price auction, information asymmetry, information retrieval, intangible asset, inventory management, life extension, linear programming, longitudinal study, megacity, Nash equilibrium, Network effects, PageRank, place-making, price mechanism, psychological pricing, random walk, Schrödinger's Cat, sealed-bid auction, search engine result page, second-price auction, second-price sealed-bid, sentiment analysis, social web, software as a service, stochastic process, telemarketer, the market place, The Present Situation in Quantum Mechanics, the scientific method, The Wisdom of Crowds, Vickrey auction, Vilfredo Pareto, yield management

The ingredients in Borden’s marketing mix included product planning, pricing, branding, distribution, personal selling, advertising, promotions, packaging, display, servicing, physical handling, fact finding, and analysis. In the late 1950s, McCarthy [78] condensed the number of variables in the marketing mix into four principal categories that today are known as the four P’s of marketing: • • • • Product: select the tangible and intangible benefits of the product. Price: determine an appropriate product pricing structure. Promotion: create awareness of the product among the target audience. Place: make the product available to the customer. The overlay of the four P’s, within a given context, provides a business with their target audience, as shown in Figure 6.3, with the targeted market and potential markets. Where all four P’s overlap is the target market, as these are the consumers who are interested in your product, have the means to purchase the product, are in the right location, and who respond to the promotion.

pages: 385 words: 118,314

Cities Are Good for You: The Genius of the Metropolis by Leo Hollis

Airbnb, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, Boris Johnson, Broken windows theory, Buckminster Fuller, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, cellular automata, clean water, cloud computing, complexity theory, congestion charging, creative destruction, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, crowdsourcing, Deng Xiaoping, digital map, East Village, Edward Glaeser, Enrique Peñalosa, Firefox, Frank Gehry, Geoffrey West, Santa Fe Institute, Gini coefficient, Google Earth, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute couture, Hernando de Soto, housing crisis, illegal immigration, income inequality, informal economy, Internet of things, invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, Long Term Capital Management, M-Pesa, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, Masdar, mass immigration, megacity, negative equity, new economy, New Urbanism, Occupy movement, openstreetmap, packet switching, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, place-making, Ray Oldenburg, Richard Florida, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, smart grid, spice trade, Steve Jobs, technoutopianism, the built environment, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Great Good Place, the High Line, The Spirit Level, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas Malthus, trade route, traveling salesman, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, Y2K, Yom Kippur War

And it’s not enough to have one liveable city or town in a region – you need a collection of interesting communities.’27 It is only the people on the street, however, who can tell whether a place achieves its purpose; a community will soon show whether it has embraced or adopted a new project. In the book How To Turn a Place Around, Kent tips the traditional relationship between architect and client on its head and shows that the community is the expert when it comes to the usage of a place. This has been taken to its logical conclusion with the increasingly popular practice of ‘crowd-sourced place-making’, which uses social media and the wisdom of the group to develop new places. It is indeed a radical alternative to the twentieth-century view of how to build a city. Stroget in Copenhagen started out as an early example of a ‘pop-up’ community experiment – a temporary project. Often, the best ways to change the city are for only a short amount of time and on a small scale: improve the city block by block, allow people to own their own streets, make people the catalyst for change.

Lonely Planet Best of Spain by Lonely Planet

augmented reality, bike sharing scheme, centre right, discovery of the americas, Frank Gehry, G4S, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute cuisine, illegal immigration, market design, place-making, trade route, young professional

La Viña del Ensanche map Google map (Calle de la Diputación 10; h8.30am-11pm Mon-Fri, noon-1am Sat) Hundreds of bottles of wine line the walls of this outstanding pintxo bar – it could well be the best place to eat pintxos in the city. Museo del Vino (Calle de Ledesma 10; h1-5pm & 8-11pm Mon-Fri ) Delicious octopus pintxos and an excellent wine selection (as you’d hope with a name like this). This place makes us smile. Bitoque de Albia map Google map (Alameda Mazarredo 6; h1.30-4pm Mon-Wed, 1.30-4pm & 8.30-11.15pm Thu-Sat) Award-winning modern pintxo bar that also offers a pintxos tasting menu (€12). Chocolates de Mendaro Food map Google map (; Calle de Licenciado Poza 16; h10am-2pm & 4-8pm Mon-Sat) This old-time chocolate shop created its first chocolate treats way back in 1850 and is hands down the best place to ruin a diet in Bilbao. 5 Eating In the world of trade and commerce, the Basques are an outward-looking lot, but when it comes to food they refuse to believe that any other people could possibly match their culinary skills (and they may well have a point).

pages: 755 words: 121,290

Statistics hacks by Bruce Frey

Bayesian statistics, Berlin Wall, correlation coefficient, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, distributed generation,, feminist movement, G4S, game design, Hacker Ethic, index card, Milgram experiment, p-value, place-making, reshoring, RFID, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, SETI@home, Silicon Valley, statistical model, Thomas Bayes

Operating the Computer To play a game of Tic-Tac-Toe against your pebble-powered PC, follow these instructions: The computer goes first. Find the coconut that is labeled with the current position. (For the first move, it is a blank layout.) Close your eyes and randomly draw out a pebble. Mark an X on your board (drawn in the sand, I'm assuming) in the space indicated by the color of the pebble. Set the pebble aside in a safe place. Make your move, marking an O in your chosen space. There is a new position on the board now. Go to the corresponding coconut and randomly draw out a pebble from it. Return to step 2. Repeat steps 2 through 4 until there is a winner or a draw. What happens next is the most important part because it results in the computer learning to play better. Behavioral psychologists call this final stage reinforcement.

pages: 439 words: 124,548

The Clockwork Rocket by Greg Egan

place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, post-work

“Maybe they were all part of a single, primal world, eons ago. But I suspect that, whatever its origin, there are only three things that can happen to a world: it remains dark, like Gemma and Gemmo; it catches fire, like the sun and the stars; or life comes along to perform the same kind of chemistry in a more controlled way.” Yalda gazed into the hole left behind by the Great Ignition. “This place makes me think that those possibilities need not be mutually exclusive.” “True enough,” Tullia replied. “In fact, for all we know that might be a universal truth. Maybe the stars didn’t just burst into light; maybe they started out covered in plants, which grew too productive for their own good. All the liberators we’ve discovered so far are plant extracts, after all. And maybe it’s just a matter of time before the same thing happens here—either the plants do it, or the honor goes to someone in the chemistry department.”

pages: 555 words: 119,733

Autotools by John Calcote

Albert Einstein, card file, Debian, delayed gratification, don't repeat yourself,, Everything should be made as simple as possible, place-making, Richard Feynman, Valgrind

For most purposes, setting distdir in the top-level file should be sufficient. However, if you need distdir to be formatted correctly in another file in your project, just set it in that file as well. The technique presented in this item does not automatically reconfigure the project to generate a new SVNREV file when you commit new changes (and so change the Subversion revision used in your build). I could have added this functionality with a few well-placed make rules, but that would have forced the build to check for commits with each new build.[142] * * * [142] My work habits are such that I tend to regenerate a build tree from scratch before releasing a new distribution package, so this issue doesn't really affect me that much. Item 4: Ensuring Your Distribution Packages Are Clean Have you ever downloaded and unpacked an open source package, and tried to run configure && make only to have it fail half way through one of these steps?

pages: 1,064 words: 114,771

Tcl/Tk in a Nutshell by Paul Raines, Jeff Tranter

AltaVista, iterative process, off grid, place-making, Silicon Valley

Slave interpreter names are commands that also accept these options: slave aliases slave alias srcCmd slave alias srcCmd {} slave alias srcCmd targetCmd [arg...] slave eval arg... slave expose hiddenName slave hide exposedCmdName slave hidden slave invokehidden [-global hiddenName] [arg...] slave issafe slave marktrusted Name join join list [joinString] Concatenate the elements of list list and return the resulting string. Optionally separate the elements using joinString, which defaults to a single space. Name lappend lappend varName [value...] Append the value arguments to the list contained in variable varName, interpreting each value as a list element. Works in place, making it relatively efficient. If varName does not exist, it is created. Name lindex lindex list index Return item number index from list list. Index starts at zero, and can be the string "end" to return the last item. Name linsert linsert list index element... Insert elements into list starting at the specified index. An index of 0 inserts at the beginning, and the string "end" inserts at the end.

pages: 481 words: 120,693

Plutocrats: The Rise of the New Global Super-Rich and the Fall of Everyone Else by Chrystia Freeland

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Albert Einstein, algorithmic trading, assortative mating, banking crisis, barriers to entry, Basel III, battle of ideas, Bernie Madoff, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Black Swan, Boris Johnson, Branko Milanovic, Bretton Woods, BRICs, business climate, call centre, carried interest, Cass Sunstein, Clayton Christensen, collapse of Lehman Brothers, commoditize, conceptual framework, corporate governance, creative destruction, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, crony capitalism, Deng Xiaoping, disruptive innovation, don't be evil, double helix, energy security, estate planning, experimental subject, financial deregulation, financial innovation, Flash crash, Frank Gehry, Gini coefficient, global village, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, Gordon Gekko, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute couture, high net worth, income inequality, invention of the steam engine, job automation, John Markoff, joint-stock company, Joseph Schumpeter, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, liberation theology, light touch regulation, linear programming, London Whale, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, Mark Zuckerberg, Martin Wolf, Mikhail Gorbachev, Moneyball by Michael Lewis explains big data, NetJets, new economy, Occupy movement, open economy, Peter Thiel, place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Plutonomy: Buying Luxury, Explaining Global Imbalances, postindustrial economy, Potemkin village, profit motive, purchasing power parity, race to the bottom, rent-seeking, Rod Stewart played at Stephen Schwarzman birthday party, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, short selling, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Simon Kuznets, Solar eclipse in 1919, sovereign wealth fund, starchitect, stem cell, Steve Jobs, the new new thing, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Tony Hsieh, too big to fail, trade route, trickle-down economics, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, wage slave, Washington Consensus, winner-take-all economy, zero-sum game

That’s why, over the past three decades, China’s average per capita income has risen from $200 to $5,400, and 50 percent of its people now live in cities, where the average income is over three times higher than in the countryside. The rent-seeking beneficiaries of these big shifts in the United States in the nineteenth century and in China over the past three decades were part of a change that had broadly shared benefits. Third, and most important, rent-seeking in China isn’t just the result of a fast and turbulent economic transformation—though that is, of course, taking place. Making money through government connections isn’t a temporary, one-off thing in the People’s Republic, or a “corrupt” instance of rule breaking. In a state-capitalist system like China’s, making money by being close to the state isn’t an exception to the rules or a violation of them—it is how the system really works. “What moves this structure is not a market economy and its laws of supply and demand, but a carefully balanced social mechanism built around the particular interests of the revolutionary families who constitute the political elite,” explain Carl Walter and Fraser Howie in their award-winning book on the Chinese economy, Red Capitalism.

pages: 510 words: 120,048

Who Owns the Future? by Jaron Lanier

3D printing, 4chan, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, augmented reality, automated trading system, barriers to entry, bitcoin, book scanning, Burning Man, call centre, carbon footprint, cloud computing, commoditize, computer age, crowdsourcing, David Brooks, David Graeber, delayed gratification, digital Maoism, Douglas Engelbart,, Everything should be made as simple as possible, facts on the ground, Filter Bubble, financial deregulation, Fractional reserve banking, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, George Akerlof, global supply chain, global village, Haight Ashbury, hive mind, if you build it, they will come, income inequality, informal economy, information asymmetry, invisible hand, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, John Markoff, Kevin Kelly, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, Kodak vs Instagram, life extension, Long Term Capital Management, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Metcalfe’s law, moral hazard, mutually assured destruction, Network effects, new economy, Norbert Wiener, obamacare, packet switching, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Peter Thiel, place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, post-oil, pre–internet, race to the bottom, Ray Kurzweil, rent-seeking, reversible computing, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, scientific worldview, self-driving car, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, smart meter, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, The Market for Lemons, Thomas Malthus, too big to fail, trickle-down economics, Turing test, Vannevar Bush, WikiLeaks, zero-sum game

Sites like Pinterest invariably demand that users click through an agreement that places all responsibility for copyright violations or anything else squarely on the user. If people are paying money to use your server, don’t accept any of it directly if you can possibly avoid that. You should be a broker between buyers and sellers to the degree that’s possible. You can then earn commissions, placement fees, visibility fees, or any number of other fees yet to be conceived, but without taking any responsibility for the actual events that took place. Make both buyers and sellers click through agreements that make them, not you, take on all liabilities. These click-through agreements are the grandiosely verbose descendants of the Zen koan about a tree falling in a forest that no one hears. No one will read them, so they are very unlikely to be tested in a legal proceeding. No one wants to read them, not even lawyers. Some lawyer at the Electronic Frontier Foundation or some such place might occasionally be able to make it through one of them, but that is rare.

pages: 663 words: 119,916

The Big Book of Words You Should Know: Over 3,000 Words Every Person Should Be Able to Use (And a Few That You Probably Shouldn't) by David Olsen, Michelle Bevilacqua, Justin Cord Hayes

deliberate practice, haute couture, haute cuisine, jitney, Lao Tzu, place-making, placebo effect, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Rosa Parks, Upton Sinclair

One would never know that beneath those FROWZY, oversized dresses and grungy cowboy hats was a model who had recently appeared on the cover of Vogue. fumigate (FYOO-mih-gate), verb To release fumes in order to get rid of insects or other pests. We had the place FUMIGATED, used sound-waves, and set dozens of traps, but our house continued to be plagued by cockroaches. fusty (FUHSS-tee), adjective Old-fashioned and out of date, or clinging to old-fashioned, conservative values. My father-in-law’s FUSTY opinions of “a woman’s place” make me want to sock him every time I have to see him! garish (GAIR-ish), adjective Showy in an excessive and over-the-top manner. I’ d always thought of Martha as refined, so I was surprised by the GARISH way she decorated her home. genocide (JENN-uh-side), noun The deliberate, systematic destruction of a culture, people, nation, etc. Attempts at tribal GENOCIDE have drawn attention to the African province of Darfur.

pages: 435 words: 127,403

Panderer to Power by Frederick Sheehan

"Robert Solow", Asian financial crisis, asset-backed security, bank run, banking crisis, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business cycle, buy and hold, call centre, central bank independence, collateralized debt obligation, corporate governance, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, crony capitalism, deindustrialization, diversification, financial deregulation, financial innovation, full employment, inflation targeting, interest rate swap, inventory management, Isaac Newton, John Meriwether, margin call, market bubble, McMansion, Menlo Park, money market fund, mortgage debt, Myron Scholes, new economy, Norman Mailer, Northern Rock, oil shock, Paul Samuelson, place-making, Ponzi scheme, price stability, reserve currency, rising living standards, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Sand Hill Road, savings glut, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, South Sea Bubble, stocks for the long run, supply-chain management, supply-chain management software, The Great Moderation, too big to fail, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, VA Linux, Y2K, Yom Kippur War, zero-sum game

Over the past two decades, the Fed funds rate was cut from 9 percent to 3 percent, raised from 3 percent to 6.5 percent, cut from 6.5 percent to 1 percent, raised from 1 percent to 5.25 percent, and (most recently) cut from 5.25 percent to zero. This was Federal Reserve Chairman Ben S. Bernanke’s “Great Moderation.” A History of Interest Rates, which catalogs interest rates since Mesopotamian times, shows no such precedent except in times of hyperinflation, total war, and social disintegration.53 46 Patricia Gober, Metropolitan Phoenix: Place Making and Community Building in the Desert (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005), pp. 50–51. 47 Dan Roberts, “Phoenix Gives Its Newcomers the American Dream They Can Afford,” Financial Times, September 28, 2005. 48 James Quinn, “Green Ashes and Black Swans—The Alan Greenspan Legacy, Part II,” The Cutting Edge, September 29, 2008. 49 U.S. Census Bureau, C-25 and Characteristics of New Housing. 50 Self Storage Association Fact Sheet; 51 Joshua T.

pages: 538 words: 121,670

Republic, Lost: How Money Corrupts Congress--And a Plan to Stop It by Lawrence Lessig

asset-backed security, banking crisis, carried interest, circulation of elites, cognitive dissonance, corporate personhood, correlation does not imply causation, crony capitalism, David Brooks, Edward Glaeser, Filter Bubble, financial deregulation, financial innovation, financial intermediation, invisible hand, jimmy wales, Martin Wolf, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Mikhail Gorbachev, moral hazard, Pareto efficiency, place-making, profit maximization, Ralph Nader, regulatory arbitrage, rent-seeking, Ronald Reagan, Sam Peltzman, Silicon Valley, single-payer health, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, upwardly mobile, WikiLeaks, Zipcar

Again, some will conclude that cell phones are dangerous. Some will continue to believe that they are safe. But the majority will process these facts by concluding that they are now no longer sure about whether cell phones are safe. The mere fact of money in the wrong place changes their confidence about this question of science. 3. These two stories rely upon an obvious intuition—that money in the wrong places makes us trust less. My colleagues and I at Harvard wanted to test that intuition more systematically. Can we really show that money wrongly placed weakens the confidence or trust that people have in any particular institution? And if it does, does it have the same effect regardless of the institution? Or are some institutions more vulnerable—more untrustworthy—than others? Our experiment presented participants with a series of vignettes in three different institutional contexts: politics, medicine, and consumer products.

pages: 257 words: 56,811

The Rough Guide to Toronto by Helen Lovekin, Phil Lee

airport security, British Empire, car-free, glass ceiling, global village, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, haute cuisine, indoor plumbing, Jane Jacobs, joint-stock company, Khyber Pass, Kickstarter, Marshall McLuhan, megacity, place-making, urban renewal, urban sprawl

Cadillac Lounge 1296 Queen St W, Downtown T416/ 536-7717, Streetcar: Queen (#501). Half a cadillac hangs above the entrance to this place, which features rockabilly, classic rock, alt country and blaring honky tonk. Cameron House 408 Queen St W, at Cameron St, Downtown T416/703-0811, Streetcar: Queen (#501). A line of huge metal ants marches up the side of this legendary place, making it easy to spot. The interior is a wondrous clash of Beaux Arts boudoir and honky tonk bar, and the stage at the back of the room has provided a showcase for emerging talent of every genre. College Street Bar 574 College St, at Bathurst St, Uptown T416/533-2417. Streetcar: College (#506). A laid-back jazz bar that often dips into the blues. An excellent alternative to some of the over-hyped, trendier establishments in the area.

pages: 452 words: 126,310

The Case for Space: How the Revolution in Spaceflight Opens Up a Future of Limitless Possibility by Robert Zubrin

Ada Lovelace, Albert Einstein, anthropic principle, battle of ideas, Charles Lindbergh, Colonization of Mars, complexity theory, cosmic microwave background, cosmological principle, discovery of DNA, double helix, Elon Musk,, flex fuel, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, gravity well, if you build it, they will come, Internet Archive, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, Johannes Kepler, John von Neumann, Kuiper Belt, low earth orbit, Mars Rover, Menlo Park, more computing power than Apollo, Naomi Klein, nuclear winter, off grid, out of africa, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, Peter Thiel, place-making, Pluto: dwarf planet, private space industry, rising living standards, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, telerobotics, Thomas Malthus, transcontinental railway, uranium enrichment

Thus, it is hard to see how, with all the additional costs involved in manufacturing and positioning the solar panels and their huge transmitting system on the moon, a lunar array could be economically competitive against Earth-based photovoltaics (which themselves have yet to become competitive against fossil fuels, hydroelectric, nuclear, wind, or geothermal power). Furthermore, since the Earth is always turning, it would be impossible for the lunar solar power station to provide continuous power to any one region. Instead, it would only be able to supply power for a few hours per day to any one place, making its utility somewhat problematic. The other proposal, that of University of Wisconsin professors Jerry Kulcinski and John Santarius and Apollo astronaut Harrison Schmitt, is far more interesting.7 These gentlemen propose to mine the lunar regolith for its helium-3 and then export this unique substance to Earth for consumption in terrestrial fusion reactors. Now, one obvious and frequently noted flaw in this plan is that fusion reactors do not exist.

pages: 469 words: 124,784

Moon Shot: The Inside Story of America's Apollo Moon Landings by Jay Barbree, Howard Benedict, Alan Shepard, Deke Slayton, Neil Armstrong

Charles Lindbergh, clockwatching, gravity well, invisible hand, Kickstarter, low earth orbit, MITM: man-in-the-middle, operation paperclip, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, place-making

You could fill the sky with more than five hundred of those bombers, throttles mashed to the gate, and all of them combined didn’t have the power to heave this rocket from earth. At this moment, as Alan Shepard slept to rest for his lunar mission, fears gnawed at Deke. He had to know that everything at the pad was ready. He began his slow walk down the stairs, stopping at each level, checking and rechecking making sure everything was in place. Making sure . . . Good Lord, just making sure . . . For Alan Shepard the early afternoon of January 21, 1971, provided an eerie moment of déjà vu. He had just left the van that transported him along with Ed Mitchell and Stuart Roosa to the launch pad. Walking toward the elevator for the long ride skyward, Alan stopped. He leaned his head back and looked up at the giant rocket towering over him. This was the same scene he had etched in his mind ten years earlier as he began the walk to the Redstone booster for America’s first manned launch.

pages: 424 words: 122,350

Feral: Rewilding the Land, the Sea, and Human Life by George Monbiot

Chance favours the prepared mind, cognitive dissonance,, Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, land reform, Nelson Mandela, nuclear winter, offshore financial centre, oil rush, oil shale / tar sands, place-making, social intelligence, trade route

To accelerate the project, Alan had set out to raise the money to buy an estate which could be solely devoted to rewilding. There are, in the Highlands, plenty of opportunities. The tragic history of this region–the Clearances that followed the Battle of Culloden (which took place not far from Findhorn)–has left most of the north of Scotland in the hands of a tiny number of landowners, few of whom live on their estates, and most of whom are not Scottish. In some places, making use of the right-to-buy laws passed by the Scottish parliament,23 communities of smallholders have begun to regain a footing on the land. Some of these communities are rewilding parts of the land they have bought. But in the rocky mountain core of the Highlands, where the soil is poor, the facilities sparse and most of the estates too large for communities to handle, human beings are an endangered species.

pages: 309 words: 122,748

Out of Africa by Karen Blixen

animal electricity, out of africa, place-making

"The Masai," he wrote, "have reported to the District Commissioner at Ngong, that many times, at sunrise and sunset, they have seen lions on Finch-Hatton's grave in the Hills. A lion and a lioness have come there, and stood, or lain, on the grave for a long time. Some of the Indians who have passed the place in their lorries on the way to Kajado have also seen them. After you went away, the ground round the grave was levelled out, into a sort of big terrace, I suppose that the level place makes a good site for the lions, from there they can have a view over the plain, and the cattle and game on it." It was fit and decorous that the lions should come to Denys's grave and make him an African monument. "And renowned be thy grave." Lord Nelson himself, I have reflected, in Trafalgar Square, has his lions made only out of stone. Chapter 4 FARAH AND I SELL OUT Now I was alone on the farm.

pages: 404 words: 124,705

The Village Effect: How Face-To-Face Contact Can Make Us Healthier, Happier, and Smarter by Susan Pinker

assortative mating, Atul Gawande, Bernie Madoff, call centre, cognitive dissonance, David Brooks, delayed gratification, Edward Glaeser, epigenetics, Erik Brynjolfsson, estate planning, facts on the ground, game design, happiness index / gross national happiness, indoor plumbing, invisible hand, Kickstarter, longitudinal study, Mark Zuckerberg, medical residency, Menlo Park, meta analysis, meta-analysis, neurotypical, Occupy movement, old-boy network, place-making, Ponzi scheme, Ralph Waldo Emerson, randomized controlled trial, Ray Oldenburg, Silicon Valley, Skype, social intelligence, Stanford marshmallow experiment, Steven Pinker, The Great Good Place, The Wisdom of Crowds, theory of mind, Tony Hsieh, urban planning, Yogi Berra

Surprisingly, face-to-face social capital in a neighborhood can predict who lives and who dies even more powerfully than whether the area is rich or poor. In 2003, when several Harvard epidemiologists put nearly 350 Chicago neighborhoods under the microscope, they discovered that social capital—as measured by reciprocity, trust, and civic participation—was linked to a community’s death rates. The higher the levels of social capital, the lower its mortality rates, and not just from violent crime but from heart disease too.25 Clearly the place makes a difference to your health: some locales foster more trusting relationships. But places can also foster hostility toward outsiders. In tightly knit villages such as Villagrande, the powerful sense of cohesion is counterbalanced by an equally powerful distrust of outsiders—including hostility toward residents of neighboring towns, say, two valleys over. Having spent the equivalent of two years in the 1990s researching daily life in Villagrande, McGill University anthropologist Philip Carl Salzman concluded that the Sardinians living in adjacent towns were always seen as “rivals and potential enemies.”

Cyprus Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

active transport: walking or cycling, back-to-the-land, British Empire, carbon footprint, clean water, colonial rule, haute cuisine, Kickstarter, New Urbanism, place-making, Skype

Situated just across from Agios Lazarus and only 100m from Finikoudes promenade, the location is perfect. Livadhiotis CityHOTEL €€ (2462 6222;; Nikolaou Rossou 50; r €60-115; ) Recently refurbished and in a central location (a stone’s throw from Agios Lazarus and the beach), this hotel offers comfortable, clean, compactrooms with late-retro decor. Cool coffee shops in and around this place make it a summer hot spot. EleonoraAPARTMENTS €€ (2462 6222;; Ermou 55; r €55-85; ) Ideally located right in the heart of the town, Eleonora has large, simply decorated rooms and studios with balconies overlooking busy little Ermou square. It’s a great value-for-money option with extras like two-room apartments, ovens, ironing board (and iron) and discounts for sun beds on the seafront.

Multicultural Cities: Toronto, New York, and Los Angeles by Mohammed Abdul Qadeer

affirmative action, business cycle, call centre, David Brooks, deindustrialization, desegregation, edge city,, Frank Gehry, game design, ghettoisation, global village, immigration reform, industrial cluster, Jane Jacobs, knowledge economy, market bubble, McMansion, new economy, New Urbanism, place-making, Richard Florida, risk tolerance, Silicon Valley, Skype, telemarketer, the built environment, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the scientific method, urban planning, urban renewal, working-age population, young professional

The strategic goal of urban planning, regarding enclaves, Urban Planning for Cultural Diversity 231 is to enhance the enclaves’ economic and social vitality, reduce their segregation, and tie them closely to other parts of cities. The goal is to advance their social sustainability by increasing equitable access to the collective goods of a city and by integrating them into the web of city life. This is an ongoing exercise in neighbourhood planning, place making, and local economic and cultural development. But urban planning has developed neither comprehensive goals nor overall strategies for carrying out these various tasks. It has largely dealt with the challenges of ethnic enclaves in neutral but incremental ways. The history of Chinese malls in Toronto is an example of accommodation and mutual learning. The first mall (1983), Dragon Centre in Scarborough, did not conform to the city’s planning standards for commercial malls.

pages: 419 words: 119,476

Posh Boys: How English Public Schools Ruin Britain by Robert Verkaik

accounting loophole / creative accounting, Alistair Cooke, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, Boris Johnson, British Empire, Brixton riot, Dominic Cummings, Donald Trump, Etonian, G4S, gender pay gap, God and Mammon, income inequality, Khartoum Gordon, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, Livingstone, I presume, loadsamoney, mega-rich, Neil Kinnock, offshore financial centre, old-boy network, place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Robert Gordon, Robert Mercer, school vouchers, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, trade route, traveling salesman, unpaid internship

This will not be easy. We as a nation commit a greater share of our spending (15 per cent of the combined private/state annual budget of roughly £75 billion41) to educating pupils at private schools than any other rich country on earth.42 So the first step must be to withdraw state funding for private schools. Each year more than £200 million of taxpayers’ money is spent on independent school places, making our private schools the most subsidised schools in the Western world (although there is a case for keeping the specialist schools which educate children with behavioural problems). The second step must be to strip the schools of their charitable status. For too long, politicians have failed to challenge the bizarre assertion that the education of the privileged few is a charitable pursuit.

pages: 666 words: 131,148

Frommer's Seattle 2010 by Karl Samson

airport security, British Empire, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, global village, haute cuisine, place-making, sustainable-tourism, transcontinental railway, urban sprawl, white picket fence

Washington State wines, coffee from the original Starbucks, and fish that fly—these are just a few of the culinary treats that await you here. 1 The Shopping Scene Although Seattle is a city of neighborhoods, many of which have great little shops, the nexus of the Seattle shopping scene is the corner of Pine Street and Fifth Avenue. Within 2 blocks of this intersection are two major department stores (Nordstrom and Macy’s) and two upscale urban shopping malls (Westlake Center and Pacific Place). A sky bridge between Nordstrom and Pacific Place makes shopping that much easier. Fanning out east and south from this intersection are blocks of upscale stores that have started to look more and more familiar as small, local shops have been replaced by national and international boutiques and megastores. Here in this neighborhood, you can now find Ann Taylor, Banana Republic, Barneys New York, Coach, Gap, and Niketown. Among these, a few local independents remain.

pages: 537 words: 135,099

The Rough Guide to Amsterdam by Martin Dunford, Phil Lee, Karoline Thomas

banking crisis, haute cuisine, illegal immigration, low cost airline, Nelson Mandela, place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, spice trade, sustainable-tourism, trade route, upwardly mobile, urban sprawl, young professional

First published in 1995, this infinitely readable trawl through the city’s past is a simply wonderful book – amusing and perceptive, alternately tart and indulgent. It’s more a social history than anything else, so – for example – it’s here you’ll find out quite why Rembrandt lived in the Jewish Quarter and why the city’s merchant elite ossified in the eighteenth century. It’s light and accessible enough to read from cover to cover, but its index of places makes it easy to dip into. Highly recommended. Geoffrey Parker The Dutch Revolt. Compelling account of the struggle between the Netherlands and Spain. Quite the best thing you can read on the period. Also The Army of Flanders and the Spanish Road 1567–1659. The title may sound academic, but this book gives a fascinating insight into the Habsburg army that occupied the Low Countries for well over a hundred years – how it functioned, was fed and moved from Spain to the Low Countries along the so-called Spanish Road.

pages: 485 words: 143,790

The Race Underground: Boston, New York, and the Incredible Rivalry That Built America's First Subway by Doug Most

Menlo Park, place-making, RAND corporation, transcontinental railway

Cheatham told Russell he could get back to work, and with the strike averted, Pilkington relaxed as he watched scoops of dirt once again fly out of the ground and into the carts. * * * THE CUT-AND-COVER WORK MOVED QUICKLY below Tenth Street for one reason: The ground in lower New York was a soft, granular soil, almost like sand. Those pipes that were pounded into the ground downtown went sixty, seventy, and more than a hundred feet deep in some places, making excavation a breeze. But the soft soil was also more challenging because of the danger of the hole collapsing. Even as the guts of the city’s streets were being torn up, the street railway tracks rerouted around the trenches, the sidewalks rendered almost impassable, and businesses along the route suffered exactly the sort of losses that they feared, the work progressed smoothly. New Yorkers proved to be a hardy bunch.

pages: 453 words: 132,400

Flow by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Albert Einstein, Bonfire of the Vanities, centralized clearinghouse, Charles Lindbergh, conceptual framework, correlation does not imply causation, double helix, fear of failure, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, job satisfaction, longitudinal study, Mahatma Gandhi, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Necker cube, pattern recognition, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, the scientific method, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Vilfredo Pareto

At this point, the relationship is in danger of becoming a boring routine that might be kept alive by mutual convenience, but is unlikely to provide further enjoyment, or spark a new growth in complexity. The only way to restore flow to the relationship is by finding new challenges in it. These might involve steps as simple as varying the routines of eating, sleeping, or shopping. They might involve making an effort to talk together about new topics of conversation, visiting new places, making new friends. More than anything else they involve paying attention to the partner’s own complexity, getting to know her at deeper levels than were necessary in the earlier days of the relationship, supporting him with sympathy and compassion during the inevitable changes that the years bring. A complex relationship sooner or later faces the big question: whether the two partners are ready to make a lifelong commitment.

pages: 478 words: 146,480

Pirate Cinema by Cory Doctorow

airport security, citation needed, Internet Archive, place-making, QR code, smart cities, Thomas Bayes

They were also going to scout out the North Bank for sites that might be able to get a clear shot of the east wall, which would be tricky, but a lot more dramatic. Aziz and his elves were working on gluing heavy fixings to the lamp-posts so that they could be attached to whatever was handy and then fast-cemented into place once they were correctly lined up. If we got it all right, each crew would show up in hi-viz vests with cones and that, get the reflector into place, make sure it was working, fix it with fiendish adhesive, and scarper. The projector crew would hit each reflector until the law showed up and took it down -- they could just drape someone's jacket over the reflector, of course, but it might take them a while to hit on that strategy, and once the pic went dark, we'd wait a random interval and then switch to another one. The law would never know if they'd got all the sites -- and we'd save the last, a direct shot, for just before dawn, hours after the first hit, when the first of the morning commuters were coming across the bridges.

pages: 505 words: 133,661

Who Owns England?: How We Lost Our Green and Pleasant Land, and How to Take It Back by Guy Shrubsole

back-to-the-land, Beeching cuts, Boris Johnson, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, centre right, congestion charging, deindustrialization, digital map, do-ocracy, Downton Abbey, financial deregulation, fixed income, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, Google Earth, housing crisis, James Dyson, Kickstarter, land reform, land tenure, land value tax, linked data, loadsamoney, mega-rich, mutually assured destruction, new economy, Occupy movement, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, openstreetmap, place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, profit motive, rent-seeking, Right to Buy, Ronald Reagan, sceptred isle, Stewart Brand, the built environment, the map is not the territory, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trickle-down economics, urban sprawl, web of trust, Yom Kippur War, zero-sum game

See MAFF, ‘Planning Unit: study on agricultural land prices; land ownership and structure of agriculture’, National Archives, MAF 428/27 Though much is taken Alfred, Lord Tennyson, ‘Ulysses’, Poems (1842). Far from dying away Chris Bryant, Entitled: A Critical History of the British Aristocracy (Doubleday, 2017), p. 11. During the eighteenth century Dr Oliver Cox, ‘Why was Lancelot “Capability” Brown so important?’, https://www.nationaltrust­­/why­-was­-lancelot­-capability-brown-so-important The astonishing scale John Phibbs, Place-Making: The Art of Capability Brown (English Heritage, 2017). they tend to be 500 acres George Monbiot, ‘A Land Reform Manifesto’, 22 February 1995,­/1995/02/22­/a­-land­-reform­-manifesto/ fossil fuels are not Matt Ridley, ‘Fossil fuels are not finished, not obsolete, not a bad thing’, 22 March 2015­.uk/blog/fossil­-fuels­-are­-not­-finished-not-obsolete-not-a-bad-thing/.

pages: 420 words: 130,714

Science in the Soul: Selected Writings of a Passionate Rationalist by Richard Dawkins

agricultural Revolution, Alfred Russel Wallace, anthropic principle, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, Boris Johnson, David Attenborough, Donald Trump, double helix, Drosophila, epigenetics, Fellow of the Royal Society, Google Earth, John Harrison: Longitude, Kickstarter, lone genius, Mahatma Gandhi, mental accounting, Necker cube, nuclear winter, out of africa, p-value, phenotype, place-making, placebo effect, random walk, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Feynman, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Wozniak, Steven Pinker, the scientific method, twin studies

It doesn’t suffer from any of the drawbacks that beset the other five classes of theory, and there is no reason to doubt its efficacy throughout the universe. When Darwin himself was laying down his theory, of course, the gene had not yet been identified, let alone pinpointed as the subject of natural selection. ‘An ecology of replicators’, first published in a collection in honour of Mayr, takes up the discourse of evolution in the context of twentieth-century debates about the level at which natural selection takes place, making the case for the gene, as the only replicator in the system, with exemplary clarity. Significantly, the core of the article is the investigation of an apparent disagreement (with Mayr himself) to identify where it is real and where illusory; the purpose, as so often, that of making a key distinction that enhances and refines understanding, and of revealing a key commonality under a disparity in terminology or expression.

Elixir in Action by Saša Jurić

demand response,, fault tolerance, finite state, general-purpose programming language, place-making, Ruby on Rails, WebSocket

You can use it in the familiar way to manipulate the list: iex(5)> bobs_list = Todo.Cache.server_process(cache, "Bob's list") iex(6)> Todo.Server.add_entry(bobs_list, %{date: ~D[2018-12-19], title: "Dentist"}) iex(7)> Todo.Server.entries(bobs_list, ~D[2018-12-19]) [%{date: ~D[2018-12-19], id: 1, title: "Dentist"}] Of course, Alice’s list isn’t affected by these manipulations: iex(8)> Todo.Cache.server_process(cache, "Alice's list") |> Todo.Server.entries(~D[2018-12-19]) [] Having the cache in place makes it possible for you to manage many to-do lists independently. The following session creates 100,000 to-do list servers and verifies that you have that many processes running: iex(1)> {:ok, cache} = Todo.Cache.start() Managing multiple to-do lists 185 iex(2)> :erlang.system_info(:process_count) 54 iex(3)> Enum.each( 1..100_000, fn index -> Todo.Cache.server_process(cache, "to-do list #{index}") end ) iex(4)> :erlang.system_info(:process_count) 100054 Here you use the :erlang.system_info/1 function to get the number of currently running processes.

The Trade Lifecycle: Behind the Scenes of the Trading Process (The Wiley Finance Series) by Robert P. Baker

asset-backed security, bank run, banking crisis, Basel III, Black-Scholes formula, Brownian motion, business continuity plan, business process, collapse of Lehman Brothers, corporate governance, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, diversification, fixed income, hiring and firing, implied volatility, interest rate derivative, interest rate swap, locking in a profit, London Interbank Offered Rate, margin call, market clearing, millennium bug, place-making, prediction markets, short selling, statistical model, stochastic process, the market place, the payments system, time value of money, too big to fail, transaction costs, value at risk, Wiener process, yield curve, zero-coupon bond

Investment banks are active in trading activities in order to: 1. Service their clients The clients come to the bank with requirements that are satisfied by trading. The bank can either act as the middleman or broker to execute trades on behalf of the client who has no access to counterparties or it can trade directly with the client and either absorb the trade or deal an equal and opposite trade (known as back-to-back) in the market place, making a profit by enjoying lower trade costs. 2. Proprietary trading Most investment banks have proprietary (or ‘prop’) desks with the aim of using the bank’s resources to make profit. The financial knowledge and skills base within the bank should enable it to understand the complexities of trades and take a realistic view on the future direction of the market in order to generate revenue for the bank. 3.

pages: 483 words: 134,377

The Tyranny of Experts: Economists, Dictators, and the Forgotten Rights of the Poor by William Easterly

"Robert Solow", air freight, Andrei Shleifer, battle of ideas, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business process, business process outsourcing, Carmen Reinhart, clean water, colonial rule, correlation does not imply causation, creative destruction, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, Deng Xiaoping, desegregation, discovery of the americas, Edward Glaeser,, European colonialism, Francisco Pizarro, fundamental attribution error, germ theory of disease, greed is good, Gunnar Myrdal, income per capita, invisible hand, James Watt: steam engine, Jane Jacobs, John Snow's cholera map, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Arrow, Kenneth Rogoff, M-Pesa, microcredit, Monroe Doctrine, oil shock, place-making, Ponzi scheme, risk/return, road to serfdom, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, urban planning, urban renewal, Washington Consensus, WikiLeaks, World Values Survey, young professional

Quoted in Kenneth Christie and Denny Roy, The Politics of Human Rights in East Asia (London: Pluto Press, 2001), 9. 31. Avner Greif and Guido Tabellini, “Cultural and Institutional Bifurcation: China and Europe Compared,” American Economic Review 100, no. 2 (May 2010): 135–40. Available at SSRN: or, accessed August 24 2013. 32. Ibid., 137–38. 33. John Friedmann, “Reflections on Place and Place-Making in the Cities of China,” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 31, no. 2 (2007): 274; quoted in Greif and Tabellini, “Cultural and Institutional Bifurcation.” 34. Gordon S. Redding, The Spirit of Chinese Capitalism, second edition (Berlin: Gruyter, 1993), 66; quoted in Greif and Tabellini, “Cultural and Institutional Bifurcation.” 35., accessed September 23, 2013. 36.

pages: 496 words: 137,645

Theft by Finding: Diaries (1977-2002) by David Sedaris

clean water, East Village, index card, Joan Didion, place-making, Ronald Reagan

That was fine until three other people showed up and claimed them. Roommates! And a shower is extra. Next door is a bumper-car pavilion. The thuds are fairly constant. I went out tonight after dinner and had a beer at a gas station with a table in front of it. The owner had a live duck in her hands. When I went to pay, I saw her in the back room, wringing its neck and singing along to the radio. This place makes me feel stoned. August 30, 1982 Athens Back in Athens after Rome. The bus ride from Patras was dismal. I’d run out of books, so all I could do was stare out the window. After we arrived at the station, I met Rosa Rubio from Madrid. She speaks only Spanish, and after talking for a few hours, I brought her to my hotel. The room has three beds in it, so I offered her one and she was beside herself—hadn’t seen a real mattress in weeks, she told me.

pages: 624 words: 127,987

The Personal MBA: A World-Class Business Education in a Single Volume by Josh Kaufman

Albert Einstein, Atul Gawande, Black Swan, business cycle, business process, buy low sell high, capital asset pricing model, Checklist Manifesto, cognitive bias, correlation does not imply causation, Credit Default Swap, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, David Heinemeier Hansson, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, Dean Kamen, delayed gratification, discounted cash flows, Donald Knuth, double entry bookkeeping, Douglas Hofstadter,, Frederick Winslow Taylor, George Santayana, Gödel, Escher, Bach, high net worth, hindsight bias, index card, inventory management, iterative process, job satisfaction, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, Lao Tzu, lateral thinking, loose coupling, loss aversion, Marc Andreessen, market bubble, Network effects, Parkinson's law, Paul Buchheit, Paul Graham, place-making, premature optimization, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rent control, side project, statistical model, stealth mode startup, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, subscription business, telemarketer, the scientific method, time value of money, Toyota Production System, tulip mania, Upton Sinclair, Vilfredo Pareto, Walter Mischel, Y Combinator, Yogi Berra

SHARE THIS CONCEPT: Addressability Sometimes the road less traveled is less traveled for a reason. —JERRY SEINFELD, COMEDIAN Agood salesman, as the old (and politically incorrect) saying goes, can sell a refrigerator to an Eskimo. It’s a cliché, but there’s some truth to it: Inuit who live above the Arctic Circle use insulated refrigerators to keep their food from freezing in subzero temperatures. The real barrier isn’t need, it’s finding these customers in the first place: making the sale involves traveling thousands of miles through brutally wild terrain just to get their attention, let alone land a sale and deliver the product. Addressability is a measure of how easy it is to get in touch with people who might want what you’re offering. A highly Addressable audience can be reached quickly and easily. A non-Addressable audience can only be reached with extreme hardship, or isn’t Receptive and doesn’t want to be reached at all.

pages: 464 words: 127,283

Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia by Anthony M. Townsend

1960s counterculture, 4chan, A Pattern Language, Airbnb, Amazon Web Services, anti-communist, Apple II, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Burning Man, business process, call centre, carbon footprint, charter city, chief data officer, clean water, cleantech, cloud computing, computer age, congestion charging, connected car, crack epidemic, crowdsourcing, DARPA: Urban Challenge, data acquisition, Deng Xiaoping, digital map, Donald Davies, East Village, Edward Glaeser, game design, garden city movement, Geoffrey West, Santa Fe Institute, George Gilder, ghettoisation, global supply chain, Grace Hopper, Haight Ashbury, Hedy Lamarr / George Antheil, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, interchangeable parts, Internet Archive, Internet of things, Jacquard loom, Jane Jacobs, jitney, John Snow's cholera map, Joi Ito, Khan Academy, Kibera, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, load shedding, M-Pesa, Mark Zuckerberg, megacity, mobile money, mutually assured destruction, new economy, New Urbanism, Norbert Wiener, Occupy movement, off grid, openstreetmap, packet switching, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Parag Khanna, patent troll, Pearl River Delta, place-making, planetary scale, popular electronics, RFC: Request For Comment, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Gordon, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, smart grid, smart meter, social graph, social software, social web, special economic zone, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stuxnet, supply-chain management, technoutopianism, Ted Kaczynski, telepresence, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, too big to fail, trade route, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, undersea cable, Upton Sinclair, uranium enrichment, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, Vannevar Bush, working poor, working-age population, X Prize, Y2K, zero day, Zipcar

Clinton, lecture, World Business Forum 2011, New York, October 5, 2011. 33Author’s calculation based on published open-data sets and current US Census Bureau population estimates. 34“City Protocol Framework”, n.d., 35Urban Systems Symposium: Defining Urban Systems, New York City, May 12, 2011. 36Bertrand Russell, radio address, January 9, 1949, BBC Home Service, transcript at 37Eran Ben-Joseph, The Code of the City: Standards and the Hidden Language of Place Making (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005), 1. Chapter 9. Buggy, Brittle, and Bugged 1J. Casale, “The Origin of the Word ‘Bug,’” The OTB (Antique Wireless Association), February 2004, reprinted at 2Thomas P. Hughes, American Genesis: A History of the American Genius for Invention (New York: Penguin Books, 1989), 75. 3William Maver Jr. and Minor M. Davis, The Quadruplex (New York: W.

Southwest USA Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

1919 Motor Transport Corps convoy, Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, Burning Man, carbon footprint, Columbine, Donner party, El Camino Real, friendly fire, G4S, haute couture, haute cuisine, housing crisis, illegal immigration, immigration reform, indoor plumbing, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), low earth orbit, off grid, place-making, supervolcano, trade route, transcontinental railway, walkable city, Works Progress Administration, X Prize

After dark, retire to the hotel’s lobby Fiesta Bar for live country and folk music. Dragon Room Bar BAR (406 Old Santa Fe Trail) This 300-year-old adobe is a consistent top fave for locals and Hollywood-famous visitors alike. Drop by for a signature Black Dragonmargarita. Visit after 9pm on Tuesday, Thursday or Saturday if you want it served with live music (flamenco guitar, Latin jazz and the like). Ore House BAR (50 Lincoln Ave) We think this place makes the best fresh lime (no sweet and sour) margarita in town, and with more than 40 different types to choose from, there’s bound to be a margarita for everyone. Choose from the seats on the heated balcony overlooking the Plaza or a table inside. The steaks here make it worth staying for dinner. Marble Brewery Tap Room PUB (60 E San Francisco St) With microbrews on tap and an espresso bar, this upstairs place covers both ends of the legal substance spectrum.

Double Eagle Restaurant STEAKHOUSE $$$ (575-523-6700;; 308 Calle de Guadalupe; mains $27-65; 11am-10pm Mon-Sat, noon-9pm Sun) Central courtyards, chandeliers and a 30ft bar are all fabulous assets to this upscale eatery, which serves delicious Continental and Southwestern cuisine in an elegant 19th-century Victorian-and Territorial-style setting. The steak is the thing. The restaurant is on the National Register of Historic Places; make sure to walk off lunch with a stroll around the property. Chope’s Bar & Café NEW MEXICAN $ (Hwy 28; mains $5-10; 11:30am-8:30pm Tue-Sat) About 15 miles south of town and worth every second of the drive, Chope’s is a southern New Mexican institution. It isn’t anything to look at, but the hot chile will turn you into an addict within minutes. From chile rellenos to burritos, you’ve seen the menu before; you just haven’t had it this good.

pages: 298 words: 151,238

Excession by Iain M. Banks

continuous integration, gravity well, hive mind, place-making

The battle had by this time moved on; the few defenders who'd survived and repelled the initial rush had been ordered to pull back just as the next wave of opposing troops had appeared out of the cannon smoke and fallen upon them; they had been slaughtered almost to a man and the victors had swept on to the next redoubt across the shallow valley beyond. Shattered palisades, lines of stakes and bunkers had been chewed up by the initial bombardment and later by the hooves of the cavalry. Bodies lay scattered like twisted, shredded leaves amongst the torn-up grassland and the rich brown-red soil. The blood of men and animals saturated the grass in places, making it thick and glossy, and collected in little hollows like pools of dark ink. The sun was high in the cloudless sky; the only cover was the wispy remnants of cannon smoke. Already a few carrion birds - no longer too concerned by the noise of the battle near by - had landed and started to investigate the corpses and the shattered bodies of the wounded. The soldiers wore brightly coloured, cheery-looking uniforms with lots of metal buckle-work and very tall hats.

pages: 523 words: 149,772

Legacy by Greg Bear

illegal immigration, life extension, place-making

“I am afraid the palace chambers will be clueless, as sterile as the rest of this island. I do not enjoy being here, even among these orphans.” He gestured at the arborids. “She still has her place,” he continued, waving his hand around to the house, where Nimzhian sat alone, dozing on the porch. “She will happily die here. But…” His voice trailed off. He splashed his feet in the water for a moment. “This place makes me feel my mortality like a knife in my ribs. And you?” I shook my head. “It affects us all differently,” I said. The island did not disturb me as much as it did others. Salap had never before confided in me — or to my knowledge, anyone else. I was intrigued. The head researcher never did anything — even engage in casual conversation — without having some goal in mind. “If this can die, then other ecoi can die as well — and perhaps they do.

pages: 623 words: 155,587

Anvil of Stars by Greg Bear

gravity well, Kickstarter, place-making, zero-sum game

The ferry skirted a thick mass of green covering a few hundred square meters, undulating on the seas, large bubbles rising and breaking through like explosions in fibrous mud. “One of our types finds these waters comfortable,” Salamander said. “An individual would enjoy seeing you. Is this okay with you?” “Acceptable,” Eye on Sky said. Seconds later, a bright red nightmare of jointed arms pushed through the water and heaved part of itself onto the ferry. Paola gave a little squeak and backed close to Martin. The Brothers seemed frozen in place, making no comments, weathering this surfeit of experience. The nightmare’s arms parted with a motion combining the curl of a squid’s tentacles and the up-and-down pistoning of a spider’s legs. A remarkable “face” appeared, four glittering egg-shaped eyes in a mass of glossy black flesh, surrounded by alternating fleshy rings of yellow and gray. “This type serves a capacity like a farmer in these seas, but makes many decisions in our political framework,” Salamander explained.

pages: 487 words: 147,891

McMafia: A Journey Through the Global Criminal Underworld by Misha Glenny

anti-communist, Anton Chekhov, Berlin Wall, blood diamonds, BRICs, colonial rule, crony capitalism, Deng Xiaoping, Doha Development Round, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial deregulation, Firefox, forensic accounting, friendly fire, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, joint-stock company, market bubble, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, Nick Leeson, offshore financial centre, Pearl River Delta, place-making, rising living standards, Ronald Reagan, Skype, special economic zone, Stephen Hawking, trade liberalization, trade route, Transnistria, unemployed young men, upwardly mobile

The Golden Triangle was rocking. In 1976 when I was on the Drug Squad and we took down a pound or a key, it’d have a big effect on the street. They weren’t even cutting the stuff then. You had to go hunt the addicts to find ’em. By ninety-six, they were all over the city—everywhere, outside the back door, in the parking lot, in the parks, on the streets. One day we just woke up in Vancouver and said Holy Jesus, this place makes Needle Park look like a children’s playground. We gotta do something!” After his encounter with Tuck, John Walters was heading off to see an even more sordid den of iniquity—Insite, the clinic set up in Vancouver where heroin was administered to addicts under medical supervision. For a while cannabis was the recreational drug of choice for most of British Columbia’s users; heroin (which was strictly illegal) had gained a stranglehold over parts of inner-city Vancouver and other urban areas in British Columbia.

pages: 385 words: 117,391

The Complete Thyroid Book by Kenneth Ain, M. Sara Rosenthal

active measures, follow your passion, medical residency, meta analysis, meta-analysis, place-making, placebo effect, post-materialism, randomized controlled trial, upwardly mobile

The low-iodine diet needs to be started by the fourth week of the preparation and continued for as many weeks as it takes to reach a TSH greater than 30. The advantage to this method is that there are diminished hypothyroid symptoms. It is still advisable to avoid driving an automobile during this time. Other difficulties you may encounter with this method include difficulty predicting when the scan would take place (making significant scheduling problems for the patient and the physician), the likelihood of a prolonged time on the low-iodine diet, and the possibility that you may not be able to raise your TSH sufficiently within a reasonably short time and may still suffer prolonged, though diminished, hypothyroid symptoms. Thyrogen: Artificial TSH Injections Without Hypothyroidism. Over the past decade, physicians have been trying new methods to prepare for the WBS without making people stop their levothyroxine medication and becoming hypothyroid.

pages: 433 words: 53,078

Be Your Own Financial Adviser: The Comprehensive Guide to Wealth and Financial Planning by Jonquil Lowe

AltaVista, asset allocation, banking crisis, BRICs, buy and hold, correlation coefficient, cross-subsidies, diversification, diversified portfolio, estate planning, fixed income, high net worth, money market fund, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, negative equity, offshore financial centre, Own Your Own Home, passive investing, place-making, Right to Buy, risk/return, short selling, zero-coupon bond

For example, you can ring around for quotes or use comparison tables published in the money pages of newspapers and personal finance magazines (see Appendix B). However, this may be the part of financial planning where you prefer to delegate the task to an adviser or broker, who will normally have access to specialised ‘platforms’ – professional websites that compare products and provide specific quotes. Chapter 2 describes the various types of adviser available. Using the internet safely OO If you are using a computer in a public place, make sure that the screen and keyboard are not overlooked either by people or security cameras. OO When using a computer shared with others, always log off fully at the end of a session, so that the next user cannot access the screens you have visited. OO On your own computer, install a firewall and virus software with an updating service. OO If you use a wireless connection to the internet, install a password so that strangers cannot access your service.

pages: 526 words: 155,174

Sixty Days and Counting by Kim Stanley Robinson

different worldview, dumpster diving, energy security, full employment, Golden Gate Park, hiring and firing, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), McMansion, megacity, mutually assured destruction, off grid, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RFID, Richard Feynman, Saturday Night Live, urban decay, Works Progress Administration

It was so beautiful. And I thought of Mary’s grandfather building everything, and it seemed like he was there. Not a voice, just part of the house somehow. It was comforting.” “Good for him,” Frank said. He liked the sound of such a moment, also the fact that she had noticed it. It occurred to him again how little he knew her. She was watching the ice ahead of the boat, holding the boom line and the tiller in place, making small adjustments, splayed in the cockpit as if holding a kind of dance position with the wind. And there they were barreling across the frozen surface of the lake, the ice blazing in a low tarnished sun that was smeared out in long bars of translucid cloud—the wind frigid, and flying through him as if the gusts were stabs of feeling for her—for the way she was capable, the way she liked it out here.

pages: 482 words: 147,281

A Crack in the Edge of the World by Simon Winchester

Albert Einstein, Asilomar, butterfly effect, California gold rush, Golden Gate Park, index card, indoor plumbing, lateral thinking, Loma Prieta earthquake, Menlo Park, place-making, risk tolerance, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, supervolcano, The Chicago School, transcontinental railway, wage slave, Works Progress Administration

Much earlier research showed that the Kenora series of rocks displayed evidence of a major episode of ancient mountain-building, a so-called orogeny, which had taken place all over Canada, as well as in Wyoming, the Dakotas and the Outer Hebrides of Scotland (geology knowing no national boundaries, of course, and the distances between these ‘places’ of yesterday having no relation whatsoever to the distances that we know of today: Wyoming and Scotland lapped up so close to one another then as to be one place, making the very concept of ‘place’ more than a little surreal). In recognition of the importance of the Kenoran rocks and the Kenoran Orogeny, Canadians have proudly christened the huge body that they suppose to have existed Kenorland,* and they think of it as having a presence quite as valid and provable as that of Ur and of Arctica. Non-Canadians are not so sure, however, and wonder whether it is much more than a piece of an enormous and very ancient jigsaw puzzle.

pages: 443 words: 153,085

The Intern Blues: The Timeless Classic About the Making of a Doctor by Robert Marion

Albert Einstein, medical malpractice, medical residency, place-making

I’m on tomorrow night, the last night of the month, and then I start on 8 West [one of the general pediatric wards at Jonas Bronck]. Going to 8 West’ll be like coming home. I did my subinternship and my third-year rotation there. I’m looking forward to it. But I know I’ll never beat the hours I’ve been able to keep at University Hospital. Mark AUGUST 1985 Sunday, August 4, 1985 I started on Infants’ [a ward at Mount Scopus Hospital] last Monday and so far this place makes Children’s look like an amusement park! I was on yesterday; I worked my ass off all day long, running from one thing another; and at no time did I have any idea what the hell I was supposed to be doing. Usually, when you’re on call on the weekend, you start with work rounds where you and the resident decide what needs to be done on each patient. It doesn’t work quite that way on Infants’. First of all, when I got to work at eight o’clock, the resident who gave us sign-out was a cross-coverer [a resident who works in another part of the hospital during the day and covers the particular ward at night only], and she didn’t have much of an idea of what was going on with the patients.

The Old Patagonian Express by Paul Theroux

anti-communist, Atahualpa, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, Francisco Pizarro, Khyber Pass, Mahatma Gandhi, Maui Hawaii, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, transcontinental railway

This was not only greener and steeper than what I had seen just over the border in the Motagua Valley, but had a cared-for look, a rustic neatness and a charm that made it quite attractive. I did not know then that El Salvador imported most of its vegetables from Guatemala, and yet El Salvador was clearly the busier-looking of the two, the better integrated. Its real burden was its size: what claim could such a small place make? I had heard that it was run by fourteen families, a melancholy statistic suggesting ludicrous snobberies and social jostling as well as an infuriated opposition to them, Marxist students sweating with indignation. Mario and Alfredo confirmed that this was true. 'I do not like to talk about politics,' said Alfredo. 'But in this country the police are cruel and the government is military. What do you think, Mario?'

The Hero With a Thousand Faces by Joseph Campbell

affirmative action, Columbine, game design, Lao Tzu, Maui Hawaii, music of the spheres, place-making, the scientific method, trade route

And on the other hand, if the hero, instead of submitting to all of the initiatory tests, has, like Prometheus, simply darted to his goal (by violence, quick device, or luck) and plucked the boon for the world that he intended, then the powers that he has unbalanced may react so sharply that he will be blasted from within and without— crucified, like Prometheus, on the rock of his own violated unconscious. Or if the hero, in the third place, makes his safe and willing return, he may meet with such a blank misunderstanding and disregard from those whom he has come to help that his career will collapse. The third of the following chapters will conclude the discussion of these prospects under six subheadings: (1) "Refusal of the Return," or the world denied; (2) "The Magic Flight," or the escape of Prometheus; (3) "Rescue from With THF, HERO AND THE GOD out"; (4) "The Crossing of the Return Threshold," or the return to the world of common day; (5) "Master of the Two Worlds"; and (6) "Freedom to Live," the nature and function of the ultimate boon.42 The composite hero of the monomyth is a personage of exceptional gifts.

pages: 470 words: 148,730

Good Economics for Hard Times: Better Answers to Our Biggest Problems by Abhijit V. Banerjee, Esther Duflo

"Robert Solow", 3D printing, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, basic income, Bernie Sanders, business cycle, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Cass Sunstein, charter city, correlation does not imply causation, creative destruction, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, decarbonisation, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, Edward Glaeser,, endowment effect, energy transition, Erik Brynjolfsson, experimental economics, experimental subject, facts on the ground, fear of failure, financial innovation, George Akerlof, high net worth, immigration reform, income inequality, Indoor air pollution, industrial cluster, industrial robot, information asymmetry, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Jane Jacobs, Jean Tirole, Jeff Bezos, job automation, Joseph Schumpeter, labor-force participation, land reform, loss aversion, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, Mark Zuckerberg, mass immigration, Network effects, new economy, New Urbanism, non-tariff barriers, obamacare, offshore financial centre, open economy, Paul Samuelson, place-making, price stability, profit maximization, purchasing power parity, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, randomized controlled trial, Richard Thaler, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Gordon, Ronald Reagan, school choice, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, self-driving car, shareholder value, short selling, Silicon Valley, smart meter, social graph, spinning jenny, Steve Jobs, technology bubble, The Chicago School, The Future of Employment, The Market for Lemons, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, total factor productivity, trade liberalization, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, universal basic income, urban sprawl, very high income, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, working-age population, Y2K

The most important question we can usefully answer in rich countries is not how to make them grow even richer, but how to improve the quality of life of their average citizen. It is in the developing world, where growth is sometimes held back by an egregious abuse of economic logic, that we may have something useful to say, though, as we will see, even that is very limited. THE MILLION-DOLLAR PLANT The key ingredient of Romer’s happy narrative was the spillovers: the idea that skills build on each other and that putting skilled people together in one place makes a difference. Clearly, this is something people in Silicon Valley believe. There are many parts of California prettier than Silicon Valley, and most are cheaper. Why do companies still want to locate there? States and cities in the United States and elsewhere offer large subsidies to attract firms. In September 2017, Wisconsin gave at least $3 billion in fiscal advantages to Foxconn to have it invest $10 billion in an LCD manufacturing plant.34 This is $200,000 for every job they promised to create.

pages: 576 words: 174,529

Consider Phlebas by Iain M. Banks

gravity well, means of production, place-making

Horza shook his head. “I want her clean of anything, anything at all that could be used as a weapon or that could turn into one. The Culture’s latest gadgetry for the Special Circumstancers includes things called memoryforms; they might look like a badge, or a medallion…” He smiled at Balveda, who nodded back wryly, “… or anything else. But do a certain something to them—touch them in the right place, make them wet, speak a certain word—and they become a communicator, a gun or a bomb. I don’t want to risk there being anything more dangerous than Ms. Balveda herself on board.” “What about when we get to Schar’s World?” Balveda said. “We’ll give you some warm clothes. If you wrap up well, you’ll be all right. No suit, no weapons.” “And the rest of us?” asked Aviger. “What are we supposed to do when you get to this place?

Frommer's Paris 2013 by Kate van Der Boogert

Airbnb, airport security, British Empire, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, clean water, eurozone crisis, haute couture, Honoré de Balzac, housing crisis, music of the spheres, place-making, starchitect, sustainable-tourism, urban renewal

Inside, nine salons and dining rooms, each of whose 300-year-old walls have been carefully preserved and painted a deep red, are available for languorous afternoon coffee breaks or old-fashioned meals. Menu items include platters of shellfish, onion soup au gratin, coq au vin (chicken stewed in wine), duck breast in honey sauce, and grilled versions of various meats and fish. Every day between 3 and 6pm, the place makes itself available to sightseers who come to look but not necessarily eat and drink at the site that welcomed such movers and shakers as Diderot, Voltaire, George Sand, Victor Hugo, and Oscar Wilde. Especially charming is the ground-floor room outfitted like an antique library. 13 rue de l’Ancienne-Comédie, 6e. 01-40-46-79-00. Reservations recommended. Coffee 3€; glass of beer 5€–7€; main courses 20€–29€.

Lonely Planet Nicaragua (Travel Guide) by Lonely Planet, Alex Egerton, Greg Benchwick

agricultural Revolution, British Empire, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, clean water, land reform, liberation theology, off grid, place-making, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, Ronald Reagan, sustainable-tourism, traveling salesman

The brick rooms are OK-sized and painted in cheery colors, and there are some sandy, shady hangout areas out back. The beachside pool is sweet. Hotel Villa Isabella HOTEL $$$ OFFLINE MAP GOOGLE MAP ( 2568-2568;; Iglesia, ½c E; d US$85; ) Spacious, comfortably decorated island-style rooms in a classic old house at the top of town. The pool is for dipping purposes only, but the cool tranquility of the place makes it one of the better options in town. Eating Super Frutto ICE CREAM $ OFFLINE MAP GOOGLE MAP (Calle Central s/n; ice cream US$2-3) The best gelato in all of Nicaragua is served up at this after-dinner favorite. Note: in the heat, you are better off avoiding cones. El Gato Negro SANDWICHES $ OFFLINE MAP GOOGLE MAP (Texaco station, 2c O; sandwiches & light meals US$4-6) The coolest cafe around has a great selection of espresso-based drinks, yummy cakes, comfy lounges, and a large selection of new and used books for sale.

A Clearing in the Distance: Frederick Law Olmsted and America in the 19th Century by Witold Rybczynski

California gold rush, City Beautiful movement, clean water, David Brooks, Golden Gate Park, hiring and firing, joint-stock company, Louis Pasteur, New Urbanism, place-making, transcontinental railway, urban planning, urban renewal

He invariably adjusted his ideas to the “capabilities” of the topography—hence his nickname. He was an experienced plantsman, but his interest was the landscape, not the garden. He was concerned with creating a unified experience, just like Olmsted and Vaux in Greensward. Like them, he built on the natural advantages of a site but did not hesitate to radically rearrange nature. He referred to this as “place-making.” Greensward was not directly influenced by Brown, but in the work of this great gardener, Olmsted—likewise a park-builder—discovered a precedent for the soundness of his own views. Olmsted was broadening his tastes. He was impressed by Brown, but in France he admired the late-seventeenth-century formal gardens of Versailles and Saint-Cloud, both the work of the celebrated André Le Nôtre. He examined the great boulevards and rond-points that Haussmann was then building in Paris.

pages: 558 words: 164,627

The Pentagon's Brain: An Uncensored History of DARPA, America's Top-Secret Military Research Agency by Annie Jacobsen

Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, colonial rule, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, Dean Kamen, drone strike, Edward Snowden, Fall of the Berlin Wall, game design, John Markoff, John von Neumann, license plate recognition, Livingstone, I presume, low earth orbit, megacity, Menlo Park, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Mikhail Gorbachev, Murray Gell-Mann, mutually assured destruction, Norman Mailer, operation paperclip, place-making, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, social intelligence, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, zero-sum game

ILLIAC IV began making calculations for the Navy’s Project Seaguard, a classified program to track submarines using acoustics, another ARPA program, with research taking place at ARPA’s classified Acoustic Research Center, deep underwater in a lake in northern Idaho. The submarine research facility was one of ARPA’s best-kept secrets, an underwater test site located at the south end of a small resort community on Lake Pend Oreille in Bayview, Idaho. The forty-three-mile-long lake is 1,150 feet deep in places, making it the perfect locale to conduct secret submarine research. Acoustic sensors placed on the floor of the lake recorded and processed data which were then fed into ILLIAC IV, allowing for major Cold War advances in antisubmarine warfare. The ILLIAC IV controversy coincided with a major turning point in the history of the Advanced Research Projects Agency. Public opposition to the Vietnam War, coupled with rising inflation, put an unwelcome spotlight on ARPA when Senator Mike Mansfield, an antiwar Democrat from Montana, introduced a bill that barred the Defense Department from using funds “to carry out any research project or study unless the project or study had a direct relationship to [a] specific military function.”

pages: 577 words: 171,126

Light This Candle: The Life & Times of Alan Shepard--America's First Spaceman by Neal Thompson

Charles Lindbergh, Columbine, cuban missile crisis, Donald Trump, MITM: man-in-the-middle, Norman Mailer, place-making, Silicon Valley, William Langewiesche

Shepard loved stopping to refuel in El Paso, crossing the border into Mexico to get cut-rate bottles of tequila. In the rear seat, Shepard would often insist on taking the controls and flying the lion’s share of each flight. Still, Shepard operated on the fringes of the astronaut lifestyle he had so recently defined. As the boss of all astronauts, he was their teacher, not their classmate. His job was to corral them, get them places, make sure they didn’t take advantage of their easy-access, government-funded jets. Like a camp counselor, he had to make sure no one wandered off into the woods. He was the taskmaster. And he was good at it. Among Shepard’s unique management techniques was the silent treatment. He’d call an astronaut into his office, and the other man would stand in front of his desk while he looked up at them “with those bulging eyes” and “stare right through you,” recalled Lovell.

pages: 626 words: 181,434

I Am a Strange Loop by Douglas R. Hofstadter

Albert Einstein, Andrew Wiles, Benoit Mandelbrot, Brownian motion, double helix, Douglas Hofstadter, Georg Cantor, Gödel, Escher, Bach, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, John Conway, John von Neumann, mandelbrot fractal, pattern recognition, Paul Erdős, place-making, probability theory / Blaise Pascal / Pierre de Fermat, publish or perish, random walk, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, telepresence, Turing machine

Note that in the previous sentence I used the proper noun “Parfit” and the pronoun “his”, which presumably is an unambiguous reference to Parfit. However, the whole question here is whether or not such usages are legitimate. If switch after switch were thrown, converting Parfit more and more into Napoleon, at what stage would he — or rather, at what stage would this slowly morphing person — simply be Napoleon? As I have already made clear, asking exactly where along the line the switchover would take place makes no sense from Parfit’s point of view, for what matters is psychological continuity (i.e., proximity in that quasimathematical space of personalities or brains that I suggested a little while ago), and that is a feature that comes in all shades of gray. It is not a 0/1 matter, not all-or-nothing. A person can be partly Derek Parfit and partly Napoleon Bonaparte, and drifting from the one to the other as the switches are thrown.

Sweden by Becky Ohlsen

accounting loophole / creative accounting, car-free, centre right, clean water, financial independence, glass ceiling, haute couture, Kickstarter, low cost airline, low cost carrier, mass immigration, New Urbanism, period drama, place-making, post-work, starchitect, the built environment, white picket fence

The combined processes of glaciation, glacial retreat and land rising from the sea (which continues today at a rate of 90cm per century) are the combined forces that led to this stunning scenery. It’s a wonderful area for scenic drives, although the narrow twisty roads can make it difficult for whoever’s stuck behind the wheel. Höga Kusten stretches from north of Härnösand to Örnsköldsvik, and either place makes a handy base for exploration. The regional tourist office (504 80; can help you with information on exploring the region by bus, car or on an organised tour; it’s located inside Hotell Höga Kusten, just north of Höga Kustenbron, the spectacular E4 suspension bridge over Storfjärden. Here you can pick up information on attractions and accommodation options in the tiny villages along the coast, as well as a detailed map of the scenic byway.

HBase: The Definitive Guide by Lars George

Amazon Web Services, bioinformatics, create, read, update, delete, Debian, distributed revision control, domain-specific language,, fault tolerance, Firefox, Google Earth, Kickstarter, place-making, revision control, smart grid, web application

The upper bound parameter is called xcievers (yes, this is misspelled). Again, before doing any loading, make sure you have configured Hadoop’s conf/hdfs-site.xml file, setting the xcievers value to at least the following: <property> <name>dfs.datanode.max.xcievers</name> <value>4096</value> </property> Note Be sure to restart your HDFS after making the preceding configuration changes. Not having this configuration in place makes for strange-looking failures. Eventually, you will see a complaint in the datanode logs about the xcievers limit being exceeded, but on the run up to this one manifestation is a complaint about missing blocks. For example: 10/12/08 20:10:31 INFO hdfs.DFSClient: Could not obtain block blk_XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX_YYYYYYYY from any node: No live nodes contain current block. Will get new block locations from namenode and retry...

pages: 671 words: 228,348

Pro AngularJS by Adam Freeman

business process, create, read, update, delete,, Google Chrome, information retrieval, inventory management, MVC pattern, place-making, premature optimization, revision control, Ruby on Rails, single page application, web application

If there has been an error, then details of the error are displayed, along with a link that takes the user back to the shipping details view so they can try again. If the request is successful, then the user is shown a thank-you message that contains the id of the new order object. You can see the successful outcome in Figure 8-6. Figure 8-6. Displaying feedback to the user when an order is placed Making Improvements In building the user side of the SportsStore application, I took a couple of shortcuts that could be improved upon with techniques that I describe in later chapters but that depend on some concepts that I didn’t want to introduce here. First, when you load the app.html file into the browser, you may notice a small delay between the view being displayed and the elements for the products and categories being generated.

pages: 757 words: 193,541

The Practice of Cloud System Administration: DevOps and SRE Practices for Web Services, Volume 2 by Thomas A. Limoncelli, Strata R. Chalup, Christina J. Hogan

active measures, Amazon Web Services, anti-pattern, barriers to entry, business process, cloud computing, commoditize, continuous integration, correlation coefficient, database schema, Debian, defense in depth, delayed gratification, DevOps, domain-specific language,, fault tolerance, finite state, Firefox, Google Glasses, information asymmetry, Infrastructure as a Service, intermodal, Internet of things, job automation, job satisfaction, Kickstarter, load shedding, longitudinal study, loose coupling, Malcom McLean invented shipping containers, Marc Andreessen, place-making, platform as a service, premature optimization, recommendation engine, revision control, risk tolerance, side project, Silicon Valley, software as a service, sorting algorithm, standardized shipping container, statistical model, Steven Levy, supply-chain management, Toyota Production System, web application, Yogi Berra

This involves many handoffs. The statistics one needs to be able to generate include how much time is spent in each step of the process. The workflow for an IT helpdesk is more about the back-and-forth communication with a person. 12.7.2 Version Control Systems A version control system (VCS) is a central repository for storing, accessing, and updating source code. Having all source code in one place makes it easier to collaborate and easier to centralize functions such as backups, build processes, and so on. A VCS stores the history of each file, including all the changes ever made. As a consequence, it is possible to see what the software looked like at a particular date, revert changes, and so on. Although version control systems were originally used for source code control, a VCS can store any file, not just source code.

Carrying the Fire: An Astronaut's Journeys: 50th Anniversary Edition by Michael Collins, Charles A. Lindbergh

Charles Lindbergh, Colonization of Mars, Elon Musk, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, the medium is the message

Neither one of us can see much besides links of umbilical cord as we fumble for the valve which will fill our cabin up with oxygen, allowing us to depressurize our suits and get on with the monumental task of restoring some semblance of order to our tiny home. I manage, in my thrashing around, to turn off the radio by accident, which at least gives us a few moments of blissful silence. When we finally re-establish contact, John tries to be funny. “He’s down in the seat because there is about thirty feet of hose wrapped around him. We may have difficulty getting him out.” I try to be funny. “This place makes the snake house at the zoo look like a Sunday-school picnic.” Pretty thin humor, but we are trying to tell them just how glad we are to be back inside again, with the spacecraft pressure up at a comfortable five pounds per square inch. We have one more EVA to go, the final one being simply a quick hatch opening to dump all unnecessary equipment. We prepare a tremendous duffel bag, into which we manage to cram the finally tamed umbilical, the chest pack, empty food bags, and everything else we don’t absolutely need.

Lonely Planet London by Lonely Planet

Boris Johnson, British Empire, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, congestion charging, discovery of the americas, East Village, Etonian, financial independence, haute couture, haute cuisine, Isaac Newton, John Snow's cholera map, low cost airline, Mahatma Gandhi, market design, place-making, post-work, Skype, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, urban renewal, Winter of Discontent

Butler & Wilson Accessories Offline map Google map (; 20 South Molton St SW1; Bond St) There’s a sybaritic 1920s Shanghai vibe to Butler & Wilson’s central branch, where costume jewellery, handbags, T-shirts and knick-knacks are sold beneath red Chinese lanterns. Rigby & Peller Lingerie Offline map Google map (; 22a Conduit St W1; closed Sun; Oxford Circus) This old-fashioned place makes the Queen’s bras, but Rigby & Peller’s fitting and alteration service – open to us plebs – is equally legendary. Get yourself measured – many a customer has been surprised to discover they’ve been wearing the wrong size for years. Off-the-peg underwear and swimwear is also available. West End: Central Top Sights Piccadilly CircusF6 Soho G3 Sights 1 ChinatownH4 Eros StatueF6 3 London Trocadero F5 4 Photographer's GalleryC2 5 Regent Street D5 6 Soho Square G1 7 St James's Piccadilly E7 Eating 5th View (see 88) 8 Andrew Edmunds E3 9 Arbutus G2 10 Bar Shu H3 11 Barrafina G2 12 Berwick St MarketF3 13 Bocca di Lupo F4 14 Dean Street Townhouse G3 15 Fernandez & Wells E3 16 Gay Hussar G1 17 HIX E5 18 Koya G3 19 Kulu Kulu D5 20Mildred'sE3 21 Milk Bar G2 22 Momo C5 23Mooli'sG3 24 New World H4 25 Nordic Bakery D5 Polpetto (see 43) 26 Princi F2 27 Sakura A4 Spice Market (see 94) 28 Spuntino F4 29 Star Café F1 30 Veeraswamy D6 31 Wild Honey A4 32YauatchaE3 Drinking & Nightlife 33 Academy H3 34 Barcode F5 35 Boheme Bar & Kitchen H3 36 Candy Bar F2 37 Coach & Horses H3 38 DiuG2 39 Duke of Wellington F4 40 Edge G1 41 Endurance E3 42Experimental Cocktail ClubH4 43 French House G3 44 Friendly Society F4 45 John Snow D3 46 Ku Bar Frith St G3 Lo Profile (see 49) 47 Madame Jo Jo's F4 48 Milk & Honey E3 49 Profile F3 50 Village F4 51 White Horse F4 52 Yard F4 Entertainment 53 Amused Moose Soho H2 54 Borderline H1 Comedy Camp (see 34) 55Comedy StoreG6 56 Curzon Soho H3 57 Pizza Express Jazz Club F1 58 Prince Charles H4 59 Ronnie Scott's G3 60 Soho Theatre F2 Shopping 61 Abercrombie & Fitch C6 62 Agent Provocateur E2 63 Algerian Coffee Stores G3 64 Apple Store B2 65 Aquascutum D6 66 Beyond The Valley D3 67 Foyle's H2 Grant & Cutler (see 67) 68 Hamleys C4 69Harold Moore's RecordsD2 70 Joy E1 71 Liberty C3 72 Marshmallow Mountain C4 73 Minamoto Kitchoan D7 74 Miss SelfridgeB1 75 Phonica D2 76 Prowler F4 Ray's Jazz (see 67) 77 Reckless Records E2 78 ReissC1 79 Rigby & Peller B4 80 Sister Ray E2 81 Sounds of the Universe E2 82 Sting E6 83 Topshop & Topman B1 84 Urban Outfitters B1 85 Vintage House G3 86 Vivienne Westwood A5 87WarehouseB2 88 Waterstone's E7 Sleeping 89Brown'sB7 Dean Street Townhouse (see 14) 90 HaymarketH7 91Hazlitt'sG2 92Number 5 Maddox StreetB3 93 Soho HotelF2 94WG5 95YHA Oxford StD2 West End: Bloomsbury Top Sights British Museum D5 Wellcome CollectionB2 Sights 1 Bedford Square C5 2 Brunswick Centre E3 3 BT TowerA4 4 Gordon Square C3 5 New London ArchitectureC5 6 Petrie Museum of Egyptian ArchaeologyB4 7 Pollock's Toy Museum B5 8 Russell Square D4 9 St George's BloomsburyE6 Eating 10 Abeno E6 11 Busaba Eathai B5 12 Chilli Cool D2 13Diwana Bhel Poori HouseA2 14 Fino B5 15 Hakkasan C6 16 Hummus Bros E5 17 North Sea Fish Restaurant D2 18 Rasa Samudra B6 19 Ravi ShankarA2 20 Roka B5 Drinking & Nightlife 21 Bradley's Spanish Bar B6 22 Lord John Russell D2 23 Museum Tavern D6 24Newman ArmsB6 25Queen's LarderE4 26 Tempus Bar D4 Entertainment 27 100 Club B7 28 Place C2 Shopping 29 Bang Bang Exchange B5 30 Gay's the Word D2 31 Gosh!

Patriot Games by Tom Clancy

British Empire, invisible hand, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, pattern recognition, place-making, price mechanism

He couldn't remember, and would not ask his wife, who'd been to London many times. The Palace was larger than he'd expected, but it seemed a dour building, three hundred yards away, hidden behind a marble monument of some sort. Traffic was a little thicker here, but moved briskly. "What do we do for dinner?" "Catch a cab back to the hotel?" She looked at her watch. "Or we can walk." "They're supposed to have a good dining room. Still early, though. These civilized places make you wait until eight or nine." He saw another Rolls go by in the direction of the Palace. He was looking forward to dinner, though not really to having Sally there. Four-year-olds and four-star restaurants didn't go well together. Brakes squealed off to his left. He wondered if the hotel had a baby-sitting BOOM! Ryan jumped at the sound of an explosion not thirty yards away. Grenade, something in his mind reported.

pages: 647 words: 201,252

The Mad Man: Or, the Mysteries of Manhattan by Samuel R. Delany

affirmative action, Berlin Wall, East Village, index card, Pepto Bismol, place-making, publish or perish, sexual politics

But the Pit, see, is a hard-core hustling bar. That’s all it’s here for. That’s all the people here are here for. Oh, like anyplace else, it’s got a few guys who just hang out and watch the action. But this isn’t Cats. And it sure isn’t the Fiesta!” I looked around. “It doesn’t look too busy right now.” “Yeah? You hang around for another hour, hour and a half. Even on Tuesday night, once you get past nine o’clock, nine-thirty, this place makes the New York Stock Exchange look like a Sunday-school picnic. You talk about philosophy—really it’s a matter of the philosophy of a place like this. If philosophy’s what you’d call it.” “I’m kind of lost.” “You see,” he said, “this place is a lot of older men who think the only way they can get anything worth having sexually is to pay for it. And the kids who come here are all kids who want to get paid—need to get paid.

pages: 725 words: 221,514

Debt: The First 5,000 Years by David Graeber

Admiral Zheng, anti-communist, back-to-the-land, banks create money, Bretton Woods, British Empire, carried interest, cashless society, central bank independence, colonial rule, commoditize, corporate governance, David Graeber, delayed gratification, dematerialisation, double entry bookkeeping, financial innovation, fixed income, full employment, George Gilder, informal economy, invention of writing, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, joint-stock company, means of production, microcredit, money: store of value / unit of account / medium of exchange, moral hazard, oil shock, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Paul Samuelson, payday loans, place-making, Ponzi scheme, price stability, profit motive, reserve currency, Right to Buy, Ronald Reagan, seigniorage, sexual politics, short selling, Silicon Valley, South Sea Bubble, Thales of Miletus, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, transaction costs, transatlantic slave trade, tulip mania, upwardly mobile, urban decay, working poor, zero-sum game

Venetian galleys doubled as both merchant vessels and warships, replete with cannon and marines, and the differences between trade, crusade, and piracy often depended on the balance of forces at any given moment.131 The same was true on land: where Asian empires tended to separate the sphere of warriors and merchants, in Europe they often overlapped: All up and down Central Europe, from Tuscany to Flanders, from Brabant to Livonia, merchants not only supplied warriors—as they did all over Europe—they sat in governments that made war and, sometimes, buckled on armor and went into battle themselves. Such places make a long list: not only Florence, Milan, Venice, and Genoa, but also Augsburg, Nuremberg, Strasbourg, and Zurich; not only Lübeck, Hamburg, Bremen, and Danzig, but also Bruges, Ghent, Leiden, and Cologne. Some of them—Florence, Nuremberg, Siena, Bern, and Ulm come to mind—built considerable territorial states.132 The Venetians were only the most famous in this regard. They created a veritable mercantile empire over the course of the eleventh century, seizing islands like Crete and Cyprus and establishing sugar plantations that eventually—anticipating a pattern eventually to become all too familiar in the New World—came to be staffed largely by African slaves.133 Genoa soon followed suit; one of their most lucrative businesses was raiding and trading along the Black Sea to acquire slaves to sell to the Mamluks in Egypt or to work mines leased from the Turks.134 The Genoese republic was also the inventor of a unique mode of military financing, which might be known as war by subscription, whereby those planning expeditions sold shares to investors in exchange for the rights to an equivalent percentage of the spoils.

Lonely Planet London City Guide by Tom Masters, Steve Fallon, Vesna Maric

Boris Johnson, British Empire, centre right, Clapham omnibus, congestion charging, dark matter, discovery of the americas, double helix, East Village, financial independence, first-past-the-post, ghettoisation, haute cuisine, Isaac Newton, John Snow's cholera map, Mahatma Gandhi, market design, Nelson Mandela, place-making, South of Market, San Francisco, Stephen Hawking, transatlantic slave trade, urban planning, urban renewal, Winter of Discontent, young professional

AGENT PROVOCATEUR Map Lingerie 7439 0229;; 6 Broadwick St W1; 11am-7pm Mon-Sat, to 8pm Thu, noon-5pm Sun; Oxford Circus For women’s lingerie that is to be worn and seen, and certainly not hidden, pull up to Joseph (son of Vivienne Westwood) Corre’s wonderful Agent Provocateur. Its sexy and saucy corsets, bras and nighties for all shapes and sizes exude confident and positive sexuality. RIGBY & PELLER Map Lingerie 7491 2200; 22a Conduit St W1; 9.30am-6pm Mon-Sat, to 7pm Thu; Oxford Circus This old-fashioned place makes the Queen’s bras, but Rigby & Peller’s fitting and alteration service – open to us plebs – is equally legendary. Get yourself measured – many a customer has been surprised to discover they’ve been wearing the wrong size for years. Off-the-peg underwear and swimwear is also available. There’s also a Knightsbridge branch (Map; 3 Hans Rd; Knightsbridge). KURT GEIGER Map Shoes 7758 8020;; 65 South Molton St W1; 10am-7pm Mon-Sat, to 8pm Thu, noon-6pm Sun; Bond St Fashion, quality and affordability all come together at this superlative men’s and women’s shoe store, where footwear from the likes of Birkenstock, Chloé, Hugo Boss, Marc Jacobs, Paul Smith and United Nude adorns the shelves.

pages: 388 words: 211,314

Frommer's Washington State by Karl Samson

airport security, British Empire, California gold rush, centre right, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, global village, place-making, sustainable-tourism, Tacoma Narrows Bridge, transcontinental railway, white picket fence

The Shopping Scene The heart and soul of the Seattle shopping scene is the corner of Pine Street and Fifth Avenue. Within 2 blocks of this intersection are two major department stores (Nordstrom and Macy’s) and two upscale urban shopping malls (Westlake 131 08_607510-ch05.indd 13108_607510-ch05.indd 131 9/28/10 8:41 PM9/28/10 8:41 PM SEATTLE Shopping 5 Center and Pacific Place). A sky bridge between Nordstrom and Pacific Place makes shopping that much easier. Fanning out east and south from this intersection are blocks of upscale national and international boutiques and megastores that will likely be familiar to most shoppers. Here in this neighborhood, you can now find Ann Taylor, Banana Republic, Barneys New York, Coach, Gap, and Niketown. Among these, a few local independents remain. Within this downtown shopping district, you also find the loosely affiliated shops of Rainier Square (

pages: 420 words: 219,075

Frommer's New Mexico by Lesley S. King

Albert Einstein, clean water, El Camino Real, place-making, post-work, Ronald Reagan, sustainable-tourism, trade route, X Prize

Breakfast, served all day, offers creative twists on standards, such as French-style pancakes with fruit and crème fraîche, but the real winner here is the croque madame—Black Forest ham, tomato, and Gruyère cheese on rustic farm loaf, topped with a sunny-side-up egg. Lunch offers an array of salads and sandwiches. My favorites are the pressed ones such as the BLT, with applewood smoked bacon and guacamole on whole wheat. With cupcakes “in” these days, this place makes six flavors. My favorite is the strawberry cheesecake with mascarpone frosting. Wash it all down with latte or chai tea. This is also an excellent place to stock a picnic basket and purchase specialty teas and local truffles in the market portion of the restaurant. 600 Central Ave. SE (just west of I-25). & 505/248-9800. All main courses under $11. AE, MC, V. Tues–Sat 7am–4pm; Sun 8am–3pm.

pages: 823 words: 220,581

Debunking Economics - Revised, Expanded and Integrated Edition: The Naked Emperor Dethroned? by Steve Keen

"Robert Solow", accounting loophole / creative accounting, banking crisis, banks create money, barriers to entry, Benoit Mandelbrot, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Black Swan, Bonfire of the Vanities, business cycle, butterfly effect, capital asset pricing model, cellular automata, central bank independence, citizen journalism, clockwork universe, collective bargaining, complexity theory, correlation coefficient, creative destruction, credit crunch, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, debt deflation, diversification, double entry bookkeeping,, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, experimental subject, Financial Instability Hypothesis, fixed income, Fractional reserve banking, full employment, Henri Poincaré, housing crisis, Hyman Minsky, income inequality, information asymmetry, invisible hand, iterative process, John von Neumann, Kickstarter, laissez-faire capitalism, liquidity trap, Long Term Capital Management, mandelbrot fractal, margin call, market bubble, market clearing, market microstructure, means of production, minimum wage unemployment, money market fund, open economy, Pareto efficiency, Paul Samuelson, place-making, Ponzi scheme, profit maximization, quantitative easing, RAND corporation, random walk, risk tolerance, risk/return, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Coase, Schrödinger's Cat, scientific mainstream, seigniorage, six sigma, South Sea Bubble, stochastic process, The Great Moderation, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thorstein Veblen, time value of money, total factor productivity, tulip mania, wage slave, zero-sum game

However, the corporate largesse interpretation of why neoclassical economics has prospered does come into play in explaining why neoclassical economics became so dominant. Many of the leading lights of US academic economics have lived in the revolving door between academia, government and big business, and in particular big finance. The fact that their theories, while effectively orthogonal to the real world, nonetheless provided a smokescreen behind which an unprecedented concentration of wealth and economic power took place, make these theories useful to wealthy financiers, even though they are useless – and in fact outright harmful – to capitalism itself. The fact that both government and corporate funding has helped the development of these theories, while non-orthodox economists like me have had to labor without research grants to assist them, is one reason why the nonsense that is neoclassical economics is so well developed, while its potential rivals are so grossly underdeveloped.

The Rough Guide to Norway by Phil Lee

banking crisis, bike sharing scheme, car-free, centre right, glass ceiling, Nelson Mandela, North Sea oil, out of africa, place-making, sensible shoes, sustainable-tourism, trade route, walkable city, white picket fence

The town’s first modern settlers were the navvies who built the railway line, the Ofotbanen, to the mines in Kiruna, over the border in Sweden at the end of the nineteenth century – a herculean task now commemorated every March by a week of singing, dancing and drinking, when the locals dress up in period costume. The town grew steadily up until World War II, when it was demolished during ferocious fighting for control of the harbour and its iron-ore supply. Today, the place makes no bones about what is still its main function: the iron-ore docks are immediately conspicuous, slap-bang in the centre of town, the rust-coloured machinery overwhelming much of the waterfront. Yet, for all the mess, the industrial complex is strangely impressive, its cat’s cradle of walkways, conveyor belts, cranes and funnels oddly beguiling and giving the town a frontier, very Arctic, feel.

pages: 1,510 words: 218,417

Lonely Planet Norway (Travel Guide) by Lonely Planet, Donna Wheeler

car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, energy security, illegal immigration, low cost airline, mass immigration, Mikhail Gorbachev, North Sea oil, place-making, Skype, sustainable-tourism, trade route, urban renewal

The sites are signposted off the E6, just south of Sarpsborg, but they may also be visited on a long day walk or bike ride from Fredrikstad. Halden Pop 24,410 The soporific border town of Halden, at the end of Iddefjord between steep rocky headlands, possesses a hugely significant history as a cornerstone of Norwegian defence through centuries of Swedish aggression. With a pretty little harbour filled with yachts, a looming fortress rising up behind the town and a sprinkling of decent restaurants, this place makes a worthwhile detour. The Halden tourist office ( GOOGLE MAP ; %69 19 09 80;; Torget 2; h9am-4.30pm Mon-Fri, 9am-noon Sat & Sun mid-Jun–mid-Aug, 9am-3.30pm Mon-Fri rest of yr), just off Torget, has some useful information. History Halden served as a garrison during the Hannibal Wars from 1643 to 1645. From 1644 it was fortified with a wooden stockade. In the 1658 Roskilde Treaty between Sweden and Denmark, Norway lost its Bohuslän province (and Bohus fortress), and Halden was left exposed as a border outpost requiring heavy defences.

Engineering Security by Peter Gutmann

active measures, algorithmic trading, Amazon Web Services, Asperger Syndrome, bank run, barriers to entry, bitcoin, Brian Krebs, business process, call centre, card file, cloud computing, cognitive bias, cognitive dissonance, combinatorial explosion, Credit Default Swap, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, Debian, domain-specific language, Donald Davies, Donald Knuth, double helix,, endowment effect, fault tolerance, Firefox, fundamental attribution error, George Akerlof, glass ceiling, GnuPG, Google Chrome, iterative process, Jacob Appelbaum, Jane Jacobs, Jeff Bezos, John Conway, John Markoff, John von Neumann, Kickstarter, lake wobegon effect, Laplace demon, linear programming, litecoin, load shedding, MITM: man-in-the-middle, Network effects, Parkinson's law, pattern recognition, peer-to-peer, Pierre-Simon Laplace, place-making, post-materialism, QR code, race to the bottom, random walk, recommendation engine, RFID, risk tolerance, Robert Metcalfe, Ruby on Rails, Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, Satoshi Nakamoto, security theater, semantic web, Skype, slashdot, smart meter, social intelligence, speech recognition, statistical model, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, Stuxnet, telemarketer, text mining, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Market for Lemons, the payments system, Therac-25, too big to fail, Turing complete, Turing machine, Turing test, web application, web of trust, x509 certificate, Y2K, zero day, Zimmermann PGP

As with heuristic reasoning you’ll find a whole range of additional terms like “risk thermostat” being used for what’s more or less the same phenomenon, but as long as you don’t call it risk homeostasis you should be safe). If users “know” that viruses can only be caught in shady parts of the Internet then they don’t need to keep their virus scanners up to date because they don’t visit such places, making them much more vulnerable to the mass of malware that doesn’t operate by this model. The effects of this virus risk compensation were illustrated by the fact that users who had this mental model of viruses did indeed often fail to keep their virus scanners up to date or stopped scans that were already in progress [370]. This behaviour interacts badly with the reality that users can be attacked from any site on the web that’s been compromised using automated attack scripts that infect vast numbers of legitimate sites [372].

When the user visits the phishing site they’ll get no warning from the browser, all of the SSL security indicators will be present, and on the very remote chance that they bother to check the certificate, they’ll see that it’s been authorised by Verisign, the world’s largest CA. Not bad for a few fragments of CSS and an extra flag set in a certificate! An even greater opportunity for abusing Javascript to defeat security measures exists with home routers. These invariably have the default manufacturer’s password left in place, making them easy targets for Javascript-based attacks launched from the user’s own browser, which is inside the router’s trusted perimeter and therefore able to change its settings at will. Routers typically live at a fixed address, or occasionally, but even if that isn’t the case it’s possible to use Javascript to find the required IP address [374][375], or even do the scanning using pure HTML [376][377] or CSS [378].

Martin Kleppmann-Designing Data-Intensive Applications. The Big Ideas Behind Reliable, Scalable and Maintainable Systems-O’Reilly (2017) by Unknown

active measures, Amazon Web Services, bitcoin, blockchain, business intelligence, business process,, cloud computing, collaborative editing, commoditize, conceptual framework, cryptocurrency, database schema, DevOps, distributed ledger, Donald Knuth, Edward Snowden, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, fault tolerance, finite state, Flash crash, full text search, general-purpose programming language, informal economy, information retrieval, Internet of things, iterative process, John von Neumann, Kubernetes, loose coupling, Marc Andreessen, microservices, natural language processing, Network effects, packet switching, peer-to-peer, performance metric, place-making, premature optimization, recommendation engine, Richard Feynman, self-driving car, semantic web, Shoshana Zuboff, social graph, social web, software as a service, software is eating the world, sorting algorithm, source of truth, SPARQL, speech recognition, statistical model, undersea cable, web application, WebSocket, wikimedia commons

Further changes to storage engine design will probably be needed if non-volatile memory (NVM) technologies become more widely adopted [46]. At present, this is a new area of research, but it is worth keeping an eye on in the future. Transaction Processing or Analytics? In the early days of business data processing, a write to the database typically corre‐ sponded to a commercial transaction taking place: making a sale, placing an order with a supplier, paying an employee’s salary, etc. As databases expanded into areas that didn’t involve money changing hands, the term transaction nevertheless stuck, referring to a group of reads and writes that form a logical unit. A transaction needn’t necessarily have ACID (atomicity, consis‐ tency, isolation, and durability) properties. Transaction processing just means allowing clients to make low-latency reads and writes— as opposed to batch processing jobs, which only run periodically (for example, once per day).

pages: 778 words: 239,744

Gnomon by Nick Harkaway

Albert Einstein, back-to-the-land, banking crisis, Burning Man, choice architecture, clean water, cognitive dissonance, fault tolerance, fear of failure, gravity well, high net worth, impulse control, Isaac Newton, Khartoum Gordon, lifelogging, neurotypical, pattern recognition, place-making, post-industrial society, Potemkin village, Richard Feynman, Scramble for Africa, self-driving car, side project, Silicon Valley, skunkworks, the market place, trade route, urban planning, urban sprawl

Living across multiple bodies is, obviously, safer than sole-substrate existence – that’s living in one body, as you do – because it’s wildly unlikely that all your brains should be in an accident at once, especially if you make sure one or two of them are somewhere nice and secure. But this same precautionary approach of putting your eggs in a large number of baskets and distributing those baskets all over the place makes us vulnerable to the peculiar sin known as wetjacking, in which one such body is severed from its overarching mind and held incommunicado, an incapable semi-person with enough awareness to be afraid and alone. The wetjacker then takes advantage of this suggestible state to force a new, alternative connection, integrating the experience and memories of the kidnapped body into his or her own mind, stealing a fragment of personality and selfhood, and swallowing, in primitive terms, a little of the target’s soul.

Voyage by Stephen Baxter

Colonization of Mars, full employment, gravity well, horn antenna, low earth orbit, Mars Rover, place-making, Ronald Reagan

She’d no doubt Mike was throwing himself into the camaraderie of the station — guys together in their prefabricated shacks, at the frontier of technology, playing with NERVA all day, and knocking back a few each evening. It was having a visible physical effect on Mike, she thought, if not on Ben… Security lights were coming on all over the nuclear test rig; they made it into a sculpture of shadows and glimmering reflections, an angular, deformed representation of a true spacecraft. As if the ambitions driving the men and women who worked there had actually shaped the geometry of the place, making it into something not quite of the Earth. While he was talking to Priest about the day’s events, Mike Conlig tried to keep a hawkeye on Natalie. She was gazing around the plant. Natalie was a little too tall, slim, intense, her hair jet black and tied back; those big Romanian-peasant eyebrows she hated so much were creased in concentration. The visit was important to Conlig. Strictly speaking, he and Priest were breaking NASA and AEC regs by taking her there, to see their work close up; and certainly a kid like Petey shouldn’t be allowed.

Lonely Planet Norway by Lonely Planet

carbon footprint, cashless society, centre right, energy security, G4S, illegal immigration, Kickstarter, low cost airline, mass immigration, North Sea oil, place-making, trade route, urban renewal, white picket fence

Just after Råde, turn south on the 110 and follow it to Fredrikstad. Halden Pop 30,550 The soporific but sweet border town of Halden, at the end of Iddefjord between steep rocky headlands, possesses a hugely significant history as a cornerstone of Norwegian defence through centuries of Swedish aggression. With a pretty little harbour filled with yachts, a looming fortress rising up behind the town and a sprinkling of decent restaurants, this place makes a worthwhile detour. 1Sights Fredriksten Fortress & MuseumsFORTRESS (Fredriksten Festning; MAP GOOGLE MAP ;; fortress free, adult/child all museums 60/20kr, guided tour 70/30kr; hfortress 24hr, museums 11am-5pm daily mid-May–Aug, guided tours 2pm year-round) Crowning the hilltop behind Halden is the 1661 Fredriksten Fortress, which has resisted six Swedish sieges and never been captured.

pages: 1,237 words: 227,370

Designing Data-Intensive Applications: The Big Ideas Behind Reliable, Scalable, and Maintainable Systems by Martin Kleppmann

active measures, Amazon Web Services, bitcoin, blockchain, business intelligence, business process,, cloud computing, collaborative editing, commoditize, conceptual framework, cryptocurrency, database schema, DevOps, distributed ledger, Donald Knuth, Edward Snowden, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, fault tolerance, finite state, Flash crash, full text search, general-purpose programming language, informal economy, information retrieval, Infrastructure as a Service, Internet of things, iterative process, John von Neumann, Kubernetes, loose coupling, Marc Andreessen, microservices, natural language processing, Network effects, packet switching, peer-to-peer, performance metric, place-making, premature optimization, recommendation engine, Richard Feynman, self-driving car, semantic web, Shoshana Zuboff, social graph, social web, software as a service, software is eating the world, sorting algorithm, source of truth, SPARQL, speech recognition, statistical model, undersea cable, web application, WebSocket, wikimedia commons

Further changes to storage engine design will probably be needed if non-volatile memory (NVM) technologies become more widely adopted [46]. At present, this is a new area of research, but it is worth keeping an eye on in the future. Transaction Processing or Analytics? In the early days of business data processing, a write to the database typically corresponded to a commercial transaction taking place: making a sale, placing an order with a supplier, paying an employee’s salary, etc. As databases expanded into areas that didn’t involve money changing hands, the term transaction nevertheless stuck, referring to a group of reads and writes that form a logical unit. Note A transaction needn’t necessarily have ACID (atomicity, consistency, isolation, and durability) properties. Transaction processing just means allowing clients to make low-latency reads and writes—as opposed to batch processing jobs, which only run periodically (for example, once per day).

pages: 2,323 words: 550,739

1,000 Places to See in the United States and Canada Before You Die, Updated Ed. by Patricia Schultz

Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, Bretton Woods, Burning Man, California gold rush, car-free, Charles Lindbergh, Columbine, Donald Trump, East Village, El Camino Real, estate planning, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Guggenheim Bilbao, Haight Ashbury, haute cuisine, indoor plumbing, interchangeable parts, Mars Rover, Mason jar, Maui Hawaii, Mikhail Gorbachev, Murano, Venice glass, Nelson Mandela, new economy, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, out of africa, Pepto Bismol, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, sexual politics, South of Market, San Francisco, The Chicago School, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, wage slave, white picket fence, Works Progress Administration, Yogi Berra, éminence grise

Most are local events held in churches, firehouses, service clubs, and community centers, serving variations on the traditional menu: eggs, bacon, ham, sausage, baked beans, home fries, muffins, maybe an oddity like french toast or quiche, plus a signature Rhode Island favorite known as a jonnycake—a hard cornmeal cake that was originally called a “journeycake” for its usefulness while traveling. Jonnycakes vary by locale: Some places make them thick and others thin; some serve them with syrup, while others use ketchup—a surprising amount of diversity, considering Rhode Island’s small size. The original Oak Lawn event, sponsored by the Oak Lawn Community Baptist Church, is still going strong after almost 140 years, with volunteer servers dressing in traditional Quaker garb. The menu is the same as it was for the very first breakfast: all-you-can-eat scrambled eggs, ham, corn bread, clam cakes, and homemade apple pie.

Natural Wonder of the World GRAND CANYON Arizona Few things in this world produce such awe as one’s first glimpse of the Grand Canyon. “It will seem as novel to you,” wrote a mesmerized John Muir, “as unearthly in color and grandeur and quantity of its architecture as if you found it after death, on some other star.” The mile-deep chasm carved by the Colorado River is 277 miles long and up to 18 miles wide in places—making the views more like looking down on an ancient multihued mountain range. Most of the 4.6 million visitors per year head to the South Rim, about an hour’s drive north of Flagstaff (see preceding page). Here you’ll find the main visitors center, a cluster of shops, and six lodges led by the grand old El Tovar, the park’s main man-made wonder. Built by Hopi craftsmen in 1905 of native stone and ponderosa pine logs, it is considered the crown jewel of all the other national park lodges, offering edge-of-the-world views and the best food in the park.

Fodor's Hawaii 2012 by Fodor's Travel Publications

big-box store, carbon footprint, Charles Lindbergh, global village, Maui Hawaii, new economy, out of africa, place-making, polynesian navigation, urban sprawl

It’s within a national wildlife refuge, where thousands of seabirds soar on the trade winds and nest on the steep ocean cliffs. Endangered nēnē geese, red-footed boobies, Laysan albatross, wedge-tailed shearwaters, white- and red-tailed tropic birds, great frigate birds, Pacific golden plovers (all identifiable by educational signboards) along with native plants, dolphins, humpback whales, huge winter surf, and gorgeous views of the North Shore add to the drama of this special place, making it well worth the modest entry fee. The gift shop has a great selection of books about the island’s natural history and an array of unique merchandise, with all proceeds benefiting education and preservation efforts. | Kīlauea Lighthouse Rd. | Kīlauea | 96754 | 808/828–0168 | | $5 | Daily 10–4. Moloa‘a Sunrise Fruit Stand. Don’t let the name fool you; they don’t open at sunrise (more like 7:30 am, so come here after you watch the sun rise elsewhere).

pages: 768 words: 252,874

A History of Judaism by Martin Goodman

British Empire, liberation theology, mass immigration, place-making, spice trade, the market place, trade route, wikimedia commons, Yom Kippur War

May He establish His kingdom in your lifetime and in your days, and in the lifetime of all the House of Israel, swiftly and soon – and say: Amen. May His great name be blessed for ever and all time. Blessed and praised, glorified and exalted, raised and honoured, uplifted and lauded be the name of the Holy One, blessed be He, beyond any blessing, song, praise and consolation uttered in the world – and say: Amen. May there be great peace from heaven, and life for us and all Israel – and say: Amen. May He who makes peace in His high places, make peace for us and all Israel – and say: Amen. Of new rituals which originated entirely from within the rabbinic academies, the most striking may be the celebration of Lag BaOmer. The period of counting the omer in its biblical formulation involved nothing more than a ritual means to celebrate the passage from Passover to Pentecost, but it was decreed in rabbinic texts of late antiquity to be a period of mourning because of a legend that in one year in the mid-second century a dreadful plague took place in the omer days in which 24,000 disciples of R.

pages: 944 words: 243,883

Private Empire: ExxonMobil and American Power by Steve Coll

addicted to oil, anti-communist, Atul Gawande, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, call centre, carbon footprint, clean water, collapse of Lehman Brothers, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, decarbonisation, energy security, European colonialism, Exxon Valdez, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Google Earth, hydraulic fracturing, hydrogen economy, illegal immigration, income inequality, industrial robot, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), inventory management, kremlinology, market fundamentalism, McMansion, medical malpractice, Mikhail Gorbachev, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, peak oil, place-making, Ponzi scheme, price mechanism, profit maximization, profit motive, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Scramble for Africa, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, smart meter, statistical model, Steve Jobs, WikiLeaks

“Business arrangements we have entered into have been entirely commercial, have been at market-based rates, arm’s length transactions, fully recorded on our books,” Swiger answered robotically. Then he seemed to improvise a little: “They are a function of completing the work that we’re there to do, which is to develop the country’s petroleum resources, and through that and our work in the community, make Equatorial Guinea a better place.” “Make it what?” “A better place.”26 Fourteen “Informed Influentials” James Rouse, the U.S. Army veteran who ran ExxonMobil’s Washington office, retired in 2004. Lee Raymond appointed Dan Nelson, previously the lead country manager in Saudi Arabia, as his successor. Nelson stood six feet eight inches tall. With his silver hair, broad shoulders, and Naval Academy–bred deportment, he seemed to embody the popular image of an oil industry lobbyist; among other things, he looked like someone who might be coming or going from a steakhouse.

pages: 897 words: 242,580

The Temporal Void by Peter F. Hamilton

corporate governance, dark matter, forensic accounting, linked data, megacity, place-making, trade route

‘To prove you can survive out here by yourself,’ she said, recalling this very same conversation from so long ago. ‘Once you return to your clan you can become a fully fledged warrior and fight the Starflyer.’ ‘You know of the Starflyer?’ ‘Kazimir, I know this must be hard to believe, but the Commonwealth defeated the Starflyer a very long time ago. You’re not who you think you are.’ He grinned delightedly. ‘Then who am I?’ ‘You are a dream I had. This place makes you real.’ His face produced a thrilled expression while his mind registered a brisk amusement. ‘What are you saying, that I have died and this place is the Dreaming Heavens?’ ‘Oh my God!’ Justine stared at him in complete astonishment. ‘I’d forgotten that part of the Guardians’ ideology.’ Well, consciously, anyway. ‘So are you my spirit guide? You are what I imagine an angel would look like.’

pages: 920 words: 237,085

Rick Steves Florence & Tuscany 2017 by Rick Steves

active transport: walking or cycling, Airbnb, Bonfire of the Vanities, call centre, carbon footprint, Dava Sobel, Google Hangouts, index card, Isaac Newton, John Harrison: Longitude, Murano, Venice glass, new economy, place-making, Skype, trade route, upwardly mobile, urban renewal, wikimedia commons, young professional

. $$$ Ristorante Giglio is a venerable old dining hall where waiters are formal, but not stuffy, and the spirit of Puccini lives on. This is where local families enjoy special occasions under a big chandelier. They also have simple tables outside facing a tranquil square and the old theater. The short but thoughtful menu—with both traditional and creative Tuscan dishes influenced by the mama and son who run the place—makes you want to return. It’s only slightly pricier than most of my listings, but is a big step up in dining experience (impressive wine list, Wed-Mon 12:15-14:30 & 19:15-22:30, closed Tue, Piazza del Giglio 2, tel. 0583-494-058). Restaurant Price Code I’ve assigned each eatery a price category, based on the average cost of a typical main course (pasta or secondi). Drinks, desserts, and splurge items (steak and seafood) can raise the price considerably. $$$$ Splurge: Most main courses over €20 $$$ Pricier: €15-20 $$ Moderate: €10-15 $ Budget: Under €10 In Italy, pizza by the slice and other takeout food is $; a basic trattoria or sit-down pizzeria is $$; a casual but more upscale restaurant is $$$; and a swanky splurge is $$$$. $$ Port Ellen Clan, unusual in traditional Lucca, is a combination restaurant, wine bar, and whisky bar in a trendy modern setting.

pages: 1,364 words: 272,257

Jerusalem: The Biography by Simon Sebag-Montefiore

anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, British Empire, California gold rush, Etonian, facts on the ground, haute couture, Khartoum Gordon, place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, sexual politics, spice trade, trade route, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, white flight, Yom Kippur War

Churchill therefore called a conference in Cairo to hand over a certain amount of power to Arab rulers under British influence. Lawrence proposed granting a new kingdom of Iraq to Faisal. On 12 March 1920, Churchill convened his Arab experts in the Semiramis Hotel while a pair of Somalian lion cubs played around their feet. Churchill enjoyed the luxury, having no wish to experience 'thankless deserts', but Lawrence hated it. 'We lived in a marble bronze hotel,' he wrote. 'Very expensive, and luxurious - horrible place. Makes me Bolshevik. Everybody in the Middle East is here. Day after tomorrow, we go to Jerusalem. We're a very happy family: agreed upon everything important' - in other words, Churchill had accepted the 'Sherifian solution': Lawrence finally saw some honour restored in the wake of the broken British promises to the sherif and his sons. The old sherif, King Hussein of Hejaz, was no match for the Wahabi warriors led by the Saudi chieftain Ibn Saud.* When his son Abdullah tried to repel the Saudis with 1,350 fighters, they were routed: Abdullah had to flee through the back of his tent in his underwear, surviving 'by a miracle'.

pages: 1,152 words: 266,246

Why the West Rules--For Now: The Patterns of History, and What They Reveal About the Future by Ian Morris

addicted to oil, Admiral Zheng, agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Arthur Eddington, Atahualpa, Berlin Wall, British Empire, Columbian Exchange, conceptual framework, cuban missile crisis, defense in depth, demographic transition, Deng Xiaoping, discovery of the americas, Doomsday Clock,, falling living standards, Flynn Effect, Francisco Pizarro, global village, God and Mammon, hiring and firing, indoor plumbing, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invention of agriculture, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Kickstarter, Kitchen Debate, knowledge economy, market bubble, mass immigration, Menlo Park, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, New Journalism, out of africa, Peter Thiel, phenotype, pink-collar, place-making, purchasing power parity, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, Ronald Reagan, Scientific racism, sexual politics, Silicon Valley, Sinatra Doctrine, South China Sea, special economic zone, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Pinker, strong AI, The inhabitant of London could order by telephone, sipping his morning tea in bed, the various products of the whole earth, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Thomas L Friedman, Thomas Malthus, trade route, upwardly mobile, wage slave, washing machines reduced drudgery

Like modern hunter-gatherers in marginal environments, they must have come together from time to time to exchange marriage partners, trade goods, tell stories, and perhaps speak to their gods, spirits, and ancestors. These gatherings would have been the most exciting social events on the calendar. We are guessing, of course, but many archaeologists think these festival days lie behind western Europe’s spectacular cave paintings: everyone put on their best skins and beads, painted their faces, and did what they could to decorate their holy meeting places, making them truly special. The obvious question, though, is why—if these hard facts of life applied all across Africa, Asia, and Europe—we find such spectacular cave paintings only in western Europe. The traditional answer, that Europeans were more culturally creative than anyone else, seems to make a lot of sense, but we might do better to turn the question around. The history of European art is not a continuous catalogue of masterpieces running from Chauvet to Chagall; the cave paintings died out after 11,500 BCE and many millennia passed before we know of anything to equal them.

pages: 2,020 words: 267,411

Lonely Planet Morocco (Travel Guide) by Lonely Planet, Paul Clammer, Paula Hardy

air freight, Airbnb, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, illegal immigration, low cost airline, Nelson Mandela, Norman Mailer, place-making, Skype, spice trade, sustainable-tourism, trade route, urban planning, urban sprawl, women in the workforce, working poor, young professional

Avoid these characters; there’s no monetary benefit to be had from such transactions and scams are common. Cash You’ll need to carry some cash with you. Some riads accept payment in euros, but often at less preferential rates than you can get at the bank. » Keep a handful of small denomination notes in your wallet, or just in a pocket (but never a back pocket), for day-to-day transactions. » Put the rest in a money belt or another safe place. » If you’re travelling in out-of-the-way places, make sure you have enough cash to last until you get to a decent-sized town. » Keep an emergency stash of euros in small denominations. » The endless supply of small coins may be annoying, but they’re handy for taxis, tips, guides and beggars. Credit Cards » Major credit cards are widely accepted in the main tourist centres. » They often attract a surcharge of around 5% from Moroccan businesses. » The main credit cards are MasterCard and Visa; if you plan to rely on plastic cards, the best bet is to take one of each. » Most large bank branches will give you cash advances on Visa and MasterCard.

Lonely Planet Chile & Easter Island (Travel Guide) by Lonely Planet, Carolyn McCarthy, Kevin Raub

California gold rush, call centre, carbon footprint, centre right, Colonization of Mars, East Village, haute cuisine, Kickstarter, land reform, low cost airline, mass immigration, New Urbanism, off grid, place-making, QR code, Skype, sustainable-tourism, trade route, upwardly mobile, urban sprawl, white picket fence

Quellón While the southern terminus for one of the world’s great highways (the Panamericana Hwy, also known as Hwy 5) and a salmon epicenter, Quellón is for the most part an unsophisticated town, one you’re likely only to see coming or going from the ferry to Chaitén. If you come in on the ferry and have had enough traveling for a day, there are some excellent eats, but an increase in street crime due to the salmon fallout (see the boxed text,Click here), and a generally insipid shadiness about the place, makes Quellón a get in, get out town. Don’t wander west of the Naveira Austral office on the costanera or around the bus station, especially at night. Sleeping Hotel El Chico Leo HOTEL $$ ( 681-567;; Costanera Pedro Montt 325; r per person without bathroom CH$8000, d CH$22,000; ) Known for its clean, bright rooms, attentive staff and quality beds, El Chico Leo is a cramped but comfortable choice, though the low-ceilinged bathrooms pose a serious challenge for taller travelers.

Great Britain by David Else, Fionn Davenport

active transport: walking or cycling, Albert Einstein, Beeching cuts, Boris Johnson, British Empire, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, colonial rule, Columbine, congestion charging, credit crunch, David Attenborough, Etonian, food miles, glass ceiling, global village, haute cuisine, illegal immigration, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Kickstarter, land reform, Livingstone, I presume, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, mega-rich, negative equity, new economy, North Sea oil, Northern Rock, offshore financial centre, period drama, place-making, Skype, Sloane Ranger, South of Market, San Francisco, Stephen Hawking, the market place, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Winter of Discontent

Still, the location is lovely – the best rooms have views over the park – and the staff are really friendly and helpful. The Bijou ( 01423-567974;; 17 Ripon Rd; s/d from £75/85; ) Bijou by name and bijou by nature, this Victorian villa sits firmly at the boutique end of the B&B spectrum – you can tell that a lot of thought and care has gone into the design of the place. The husband-and-wife team who own the place make fantastic hosts, warm and helpful but unobtrusive. Harrogate Brasserie & Hotel ( 01423-505041;; 28-30 Cheltenham Pde; s/d from £60/90) Stripped pine, leather armchairs and subtle colour combinations make this one of Harrogate’s most appealing places to stay. The cheerful cosy accommodation is complemented by an excellent restaurant and bar, with live jazz Wednesday to Sunday evenings.

Return to beginning of chapter AROUND AYR Alloway This pretty village – now a southern suburb of Ayr – is where Robert Burns was born on 25 January 1759. Several sights are clustered around the poet’s birthplace under the umbrella title of Burns National Heritage Park ( 01292-443700;; ticket covering all sites adult/child £5/3; 10am-5.30pm Apr-Sep, 10am-5pm Oct-Mar). If you only have time to visit one place, make it Burns Cottage & Museum, where the poet lived the first seven years of his life. The cramped, thatched cottage contains musty byre, a warm storytelling hearth, and the actual box bed where Burns was born. The neighbouring museum of Burnsiana exhibits some fabulous artwork as well as many of his original manuscripts and letters. Close by is the beautiful ruin of Alloway Auld Kirk, the eerie setting for the witches’ dance in Tam o’Shanter.

Frommer's Israel by Robert Ullian

airport security, British Empire, car-free, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, East Village, haute cuisine, Khartoum Gordon, mass immigration, Maui Hawaii, place-making, Silicon Valley, Skype, sustainable-tourism, trade route, urban planning, urban sprawl, Yom Kippur War

Heftier choices include the rich smoked salmon with aioli, avocado and egg on Russian bread, and the lamb kabobs on Lebanese focaccia. Erez’s cakes are famous throughout Israel, and the brownies should be eaten very slowly. Both sidewalk and indoor seating are available. Lehem Erez branches are popping up all over Israel, and takeout is great to pack for the road (see Ibn Givrol St. location, p. 261). Tons of places make sandwiches to order, but Erez is beyond compare. 120 Ben-Yehuda St. & 03/529-1793. Sandwiches NIS 30–NIS 45 ($7.50–$11/£3.75–£5.60). AE, DC, MC, V. Sat–Thurs 8am–8pm; Fri 8am–8pm. 11_289693-ch07.qxp 254 10/28/08 12:28 PM Page 254 C H A P T E R 7 . T E L AV I V Loop Noodles Bar Value ASIAN Everything in this small, stylish place is delicious and very fairly priced, from the many noodle, rice, and soup dishes to the Asian chicken salad with cucumber and sesame seeds and the soba noodles with chicken and sweet and hot peppers.

pages: 1,758 words: 342,766

Code Complete (Developer Best Practices) by Steve McConnell

Ada Lovelace, Albert Einstein, Buckminster Fuller, call centre, continuous integration, data acquisition, database schema, don't repeat yourself, Donald Knuth, fault tolerance, Grace Hopper, haute cuisine, if you see hoof prints, think horses—not zebras, index card, inventory management, iterative process, Larry Wall, loose coupling, Menlo Park, Perl 6, place-making, premature optimization, revision control, Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, slashdot, sorting algorithm, statistical model, Tacoma Narrows Bridge, the scientific method, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Turing machine, web application

Simplifying a boolean test is an example of reducing complexity, which was discussed earlier. Improve performance. You can optimize the code in one place instead of in several places. Having code in one place will make it easier to profile to find inefficiencies. Centralizing code into a routine means that a single optimization benefits all the code that uses that routine, whether it uses it directly or indirectly. Having code in one place makes it practical to recode the routine with a more efficient algorithm or in a faster, more efficient language. To ensure all routines are small? No. With so many good reasons for putting code into a routine, this one is unnecessary. In fact, some jobs are performed better in a single large routine. (The best length for a routine is discussed in How Long Can a Routine Be?) Cross-Reference For details on information hiding, see "Hide Secrets (Information Hiding)" in Design Building Blocks: Heuristics.

Central Europe Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Defenestration of Prague, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Bilbao, illegal immigration, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Kickstarter, low cost airline, low cost carrier, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, offshore financial centre, Peter Eisenman, place-making, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Rubik’s Cube, Skype, trade route, urban renewal, white picket fence, young professional

The walls at this boisterous, convivial spot are still lined with the cavalry horses’ feeding and drinking troughs. Cuisine is copious Swiss and international, and tables are cleared at 11.30pm when the place morphs into a dance club. Alpenrose SWISS $$ ( 044 271 39 19; Fabrikstrasse 12; mains Sfr24-42; Mon-Sat) With its timber-clad walls, ‘no polka dancing’ warning and fine cuisine from regions all over Switzerland, this place makes for an inspired meal out. Try risotto from Ticino, pizokel (a kind of long and especially savoury spätzli, or dumpling) from Graubünden or freshly fished local perch filets. Reservations essential. Seidenspinner MODERN EUROPEAN $$$ ( 044 241 07 00;; Ankerstrasse 120; mains Sfr29-55; lunch & dinner Tue-Fri, dinner Sat) A favourite with the media and fashion crowd, Silk-spinner boasts an extravagant interior with huge flower arrangements and shards of mirrored glass.

pages: 1,079 words: 321,718

Surfaces and Essences by Douglas Hofstadter, Emmanuel Sander

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, Arthur Eddington, Benoit Mandelbrot, Brownian motion, cognitive dissonance, computer age, computer vision, dematerialisation, Donald Trump, Douglas Hofstadter, Ernest Rutherford, experimental subject, Flynn Effect, Georg Cantor, Gerolamo Cardano, Golden Gate Park, haute couture, haute cuisine, Henri Poincaré, Isaac Newton, l'esprit de l'escalier, Louis Pasteur, Mahatma Gandhi, mandelbrot fractal, Menlo Park, Norbert Wiener, place-making, Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, Silicon Valley, statistical model, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, theory of mind, upwardly mobile, urban sprawl, yellow journalism, zero-sum game

A student was relating the story of the tragically early death (at age 20) of the great French mathematician Évariste Galois, and he said, “And so, the night before the fateful debate, Galois stayed up all night and in a frenzy wrote down all his ideas…” The student knew very well that Galois had died as a result of a duel, not a debate, but the concepts debate and duel were semantically close to begin with in his mind (as they are in ours as well). Also, the presidential campaign was in full swing at the time (not “in high swing”, as we originally wrote here!), and televised debates had just taken place, making it much more likely for these particular wires to be crossed. The debate/duel analogy is just one of myriads of potential analogies that are hidden in each human mind but whose existence one wouldn’t suspect a priori. The student’s error, however, reveals that this analogy was indeed lurking in his mind and simply needed the right opportunity to show its face. The intensely political atmosphere of the period primed the concept of debate, which had the consequence of reducing its distance from the concept of duel.

pages: 1,169 words: 342,959

New York by Edward Rutherfurd

Bonfire of the Vanities, British Empire, Charles Lindbergh, illegal immigration, margin call, millennium bug, out of africa, place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, rent control, short selling, Silicon Valley, South Sea Bubble, the market place, urban renewal, white picket fence, Y2K, young professional

Charles Schwab, having the boldness and intelligence to realize that the city’s greatest asset was the magnificent view over the Hudson River, and ignoring timid fashion entirely, had, like a true prince, built his mansion where he liked. They might not know it, but he had left them—Astors, Vanderbilts, everyone, save maybe Pierpont Morgan—far behind. His former boss and partner, Andrew Carnegie, said it all. “Have you seen Charlie’s place? Makes mine look like a shack.” They stopped the Rolls for several minutes in front of the gateway to admire the place. Rose had to confess that, West Side or not, it was something to talk about. “Now,” Hetty announced, “we’ll go up to Columbia University.” She smiled. “We’re going to pay a call on young Mr. Keller.” “Mr. Keller?” Rose’s face fell. “Why yes, dear. My friend Theodore Keller’s son.

I You We Them by Dan Gretton

agricultural Revolution, anti-communist, back-to-the-land, British Empire, clean water, cognitive dissonance, colonial rule, conceptual framework, corporate social responsibility, Desert Island Discs, drone strike, European colonialism, financial independence, friendly fire, ghettoisation, Honoré de Balzac, IBM and the Holocaust, illegal immigration, invisible hand, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, laissez-faire capitalism, liberation theology, Mikhail Gorbachev, Milgram experiment, Neil Kinnock, Nelson Mandela, New Journalism, place-making, pre–internet, Stanford prison experiment, University of East Anglia, wikimedia commons

So, according to the arbitrary nature of where the paces take us, we may be hearing these words next to pounding traffic, in the shade of a hedge or under the gaze of curious villagers … J. and Kay are happy with this plan; we order coffees and brandies, and talk of past summers and many journeys made together. I notice a group of young people at the next table. Something in their behaviour, a kind of ease with each other, and relaxation in this place, makes me realise they must be from here. I love the way that every few minutes, another couple of friends joins this group, pulling up extra chairs, to laughter, cigarettes offered, stories shared. We head back, past the house where Gropius once lived, and a little further on, Rudolf Steiner’s former home, through the tree-lined streets of Weimar, to our little gasthaus. 9 July 1999, Weimar to Buchenwald We walk into the centre and find a café on Schillerstrasse for a late breakfast.

pages: 675 words: 344,555

Frommer's Hawaii 2009 by Jeanette Foster

airport security, California gold rush, Charles Lindbergh, glass ceiling, gravity well, haute couture, haute cuisine, indoor plumbing, Maui Hawaii, place-making, polynesian navigation, South China Sea, sustainable-tourism, urban renewal, urban sprawl, white picket fence, Yogi Berra

To get to the park, take the Likelike Highway (Hwy. 63); after the Wilson Tunnel, get in the right lane and turn off on Kahakili Highway (Hwy. 83). Or take TheBus no. 55. THE NORTH SHORE CAMP MOKULEIA The centerpiece of this 9-acre campground is a quiet, isolated beach on Oahu’s North Shore, 4 miles from Kaena Point. Camping is available on the beach or in a grassy, wooded area. Activities include swimming, surfing, shore fishing, and beachcombing. This place makes a great getaway. Facilities include tent camping, cabins, and lodge accommodations. The tentcamping site has portable chemical toilets, a water spigot, and outdoor showers; there are no picnic tables or barbecue grills, so come prepared. Tent camping is $15 per person, per night. The cabins sleep up to 22 people in bunk beds. Rates are $190 per night for the 14-bed cabin and $274 per night for the 22-bed cabin.

pages: 1,199 words: 384,780

The system of the world by Neal Stephenson

bank run, British Empire, cellular automata, Edmond Halley, Fellow of the Royal Society, high net worth, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, joint-stock company, large denomination, MITM: man-in-the-middle, place-making, the market place, trade route, transatlantic slave trade

“I do beg your pardon, guv’nor,” he said, in a much more moderate tone, after Saturn’s ruffians had filed past him. “Is there any way I can be of service?” “Prevent sight-seers from coming up here, thank you,” Daniel returned, then wheeled round and began to scan the walls. This upper storey was not as prized by the Governors of Bedlam as it had been by Hooke; rather than situating their best offices here, they had sprinkled tables and trunks about the place, making it into a dovecote for clerks, and a dump for little-used documents. “When we were here for my party it looked much as it does now,” Daniel said to Isaac, “which is to say that these inward-sloping walls—which are, of course, the inner surface of the roof’s structure—had been plastered over.” “Yes.” “But I often visited Hooke here much earlier—back in the seventies. This part of Bedlam went up first—as you’ll recall, the wings took years to complete.”

Frommer's Mexico 2008 by David Baird, Juan Cristiano, Lynne Bairstow, Emily Hughey Quinn

airport security, AltaVista, Bartolomé de las Casas, centre right, colonial rule, East Village, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, indoor plumbing, low cost airline, low cost carrier, Maui Hawaii, out of africa, Pepto Bismol, place-making, Skype, sustainable-tourism, the market place, urban planning

Avoid the bisquet—something like an American biscuit, but larger and heavier—and try the chilaquiles con pollo y crema (fried tortilla strips cooked with chicken in a either a red or green sauce and served with Mexican sour cream) or any of the egg dishes and the café con leche (coffee with milk). The menú del día (daily menu) is a bargain. Pino Suárez 7 (between Juárez and Allende). & 442/214-1481. Main courses $4.50–$7 (£2.50–£3.85); menú del día $4–$6 (£2.20–£3.30). No credit cards. Daily 7:30am–11pm. Cafetería La Mariposa MEXICAN This coffee shop, sweet shop, and restaurant is a popular hangout with locals. The full breakfasts are probably better at Bisquets, but this place makes its own breads and yogurt and is a nice spot for a light breakfast. Z AC AT E C A S 221 The old-time dining room is comfortable (less cramped than at Bisquets). For lunch or dinner you can count on most of the Mexican standards on the menu. Angela Peralta 7 (between Corregidora and Juárez). & 442/212-1166. Main courses $3–$5 (£1.65–£2.75). No credit cards. Daily 8am–9:30pm. From the Jardín Zenea, walk north 2 blocks along Corregidora and turn left. 4 Zacatecas £ 627km (389 miles) NW of Mexico City; 198km (123 miles) NW of San Luis Potosí; 322km (200 miles) NE of Guadalajara; 298km (185 miles) SE of Durango Zacatecas, like Guanajuato, owes its beauty to the wealth of silver extracted from its mines.

pages: 889 words: 433,897

The Best of 2600: A Hacker Odyssey by Emmanuel Goldstein

affirmative action, Apple II, call centre, don't be evil, Firefox, game design, Hacker Ethic, hiring and firing, information retrieval, John Markoff, late fees, license plate recognition, Mitch Kapor, MITM: man-in-the-middle, optical character recognition, packet switching, pirate software, place-making, profit motive, QWERTY keyboard, RFID, Robert Hanssen: Double agent, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Skype, spectrum auction, statistical model, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Telecommunications Act of 1996, telemarketer, undersea cable, Y2K

But it is difficult to establish meaningful communication with minds that ban TV remote controls because “transmitting devices” are forbidden in California prisons, and electronic typewriters are considered a “threat to institution security.” We used to have a large collection of California phone books in our library. They were all locked away when a guard supposedly found his own home address listed in one. This place makes me think of the sign I once saw: “Help, the paranoids are after me.” Growth of a Low-Tech Hacker (Winter, 1992–1993) By The Roving Eye About a year ago I wrote an article about the birth of a hacker in a low technology atmosphere. A lot has happened since then. For one thing, I have been able to meet with hackers from the area. For the other, I have been able to gain some hacking experience.

England by David Else

active transport: walking or cycling, Albert Einstein, back-to-the-land, Berlin Wall, Boris Johnson, British Empire, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, colonial rule, Columbine, congestion charging, David Attenborough, David Brooks, Etonian, food miles, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Kickstarter, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, Nelson Mandela, new economy, New Urbanism, out of africa, period drama, place-making, sceptred isle, Skype, Sloane Ranger, South of Market, San Francisco, Stephen Hawking, the market place, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, unbiased observer, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Winter of Discontent

Still, the location is lovely – the best rooms have views over the park – and the staff are really friendly and helpful. The Bijou ( 01423-567974;; 17 Ripon Rd; s/d from £75/85; ) Bijou by name and bijou by nature, this Victorian villa sits firmly at the boutique end of the B&B spectrum – you can tell that a lot of thought and care has gone into the design of the place. The husband and wife team who own the place make fantastic hosts, warm and helpful but unobtrusive. Harrogate Brasserie & Hotel ( 01423-505041;; 28-30 Cheltenham Pde; s/d from £60/90) Stripped pine, leather armchairs and subtle colour combinations make this one of Harrogate’s most appealing places to stay. The cheerful cosy accommodation is complemented by an excellent restaurant and bar, with live jazz Wednesday to Sunday evenings.

Caribbean Islands by Lonely Planet

Bartolomé de las Casas, big-box store, British Empire, buttonwood tree, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, discovery of the americas, Donald Trump, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, income inequality, intermodal, jitney, Kickstarter, microcredit, offshore financial centre, place-making, Ronald Reagan, Rubik’s Cube, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, sustainable-tourism, urban planning, urban sprawl, white picket fence

If you like the feel of a self-contained oasis with a pool, sundeck, restaurant and bar, Heritage Inn could be for you. Minimum stay three nights. Rhymer’s Beach Hotel HOTEL $$ ( 495-4639;; Cane Garden Bay; r US$100; ) Smack on the beach and right in the center of the action, Rhymer’s was one of the area’s first inns. The big pink concrete building with its restaurant and laundry shows serious signs of hard use, but the price and energy of the place make up for it. Rooms are mostly studios with kitchenettes and patios. Ole Works Inn HOTEL $$ ( 495-4837;; Cane Garden Bay; d with hill/beach view from US$110/145; ) Reggae master Quito Rymer built this bright-yellow, 18-room inn within the walls of a centuries-old rum factory. Rooms are fairly small and dated, though that may change as Quito has recently turned the property over to new managers.

Germany by Andrea Schulte-Peevers

Albert Einstein, bank run, Berlin Wall, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, computer age, credit crunch, Donald Trump, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Google Earth, haute couture, haute cuisine, Honoré de Balzac, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Johannes Kepler, Kickstarter, low cost airline, low cost carrier, Mikhail Gorbachev, New Urbanism, Peace of Westphalia, Peter Eisenman, place-making, post-work, ride hailing / ride sharing, sensible shoes, Skype, trade route, urban planning, urban renewal, V2 rocket, white picket fence

Most trips within the city cost €2.30, longer trips to the suburbs are €4.50. Day passes are €5.30. Tickets are available from bus drivers and orange vending machines at U-Bahn and tram stops and must be validated upon boarding. TAXI For a taxi, call 333 33 or 212 121. Flag fall is €5.50, including the first 2km; additional kilometres are €1.70. Return to beginning of chapter AROUND DÜSSELDORF If you have a penchant for art in weird places, make the trip out to the Langen Foundation ( 02182-570 10;; Raketenstation Hombroich; adult/concession €7.50/5; 10am-6pm). The location: a former NATO missile base where Pershing tanks armed with nuclear warheads held the line against the Soviet Union during the Cold War. The architecture: a minimalist glass, steel and concrete box by Japanese Meister-architect Tadao Ando.

pages: 803 words: 415,953

Frommer's Mexico 2009 by David Baird, Lynne Bairstow, Joy Hepp, Juan Christiano

airport security, AltaVista, Bartolomé de las Casas, centre right, colonial rule, East Village, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, indoor plumbing, low cost airline, low cost carrier, out of africa, Pepto Bismol, place-making, Skype, sustainable-tourism, the market place, urban planning, young professional

Avoid the bisquet—something like an American biscuit, but larger and heavier—and try the chilaquiles con pollo y crema or any of the egg dishes and the café con leche. The menú del día is a bargain. Pino Suárez 7 (between Juárez and Allende). & 442/214-1481. Main courses $4.50–$8 (£2.25–£4); menú del día $4–$6 (£2–£3). No credit cards. Daily 7:30am–11pm. Cafetería La Mariposa MEXICAN This coffee shop, sweet shop, and restaurant is a popular hangout with locals. The full breakfasts are probably better at Bisquets, but this place makes its own breads and yogurt and is a nice spot for a light breakfast. The old-time dining room is comfortable (less cramped than at Bisquets). For lunch or dinner you can count on most of the Mexican standards on the menu. Angela Peralta 7 (just off Corregidora). & 442/212-1166. Main courses $5–$8 (£2.50–£4). No credit cards. Daily 8am–9:30pm. From the Jardín Zenea, walk north 2 blocks on Corregidora and turn left. 4 Zacatecas £ 627km (389 miles) NW of Mexico City; 198km (123 miles) NW of San Luis Potosí; 322km (200 miles) NE of Guadalajara; 298km (185 miles) SE of Durango Zacatecas, like Guanajuato, owes its beauty to the wealth of silver extracted from its mines.

Spain by Lonely Planet Publications, Damien Simonis

Atahualpa, business process, call centre, centre right, Colonization of Mars, discovery of the americas, Francisco Pizarro, Frank Gehry, G4S, glass ceiling, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute couture, haute cuisine, illegal immigration, intermodal, Islamic Golden Age, land reform, large denomination, low cost airline, place-making, Skype, trade route, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Winter of Discontent, young professional

You can descend into one interlocking series of these hypogea (burial caverns). BEACHES The closest beach to Ibiza City is Platja de Figueretes, about 20 minutes’ walk southwest of Sa Penya. In the next bay around to the northeast of Sa Penya is Platja de Talamanca. These beaches are all right for a quick dip, although if you have the time, head for Ses Salines (Click here). Sleeping High season is mid-June to mid-September, ­although some places make August ultrahigh. BUDGET Casa de Huéspedes Navarro (971 31 07 71; Carrer de sa Creu 20; s/d €30/55) Right in the thick of things, this simple place has 10 rooms at the top of a long flight of stairs. The front rooms have harbour views, the interior rooms are quite dark (but cool in summer) and there’s a sunny rooftop terrace. Bathrooms are shared but spotless. Hostal Las Nieves (971 19 03 19; Carrer de Juan de Austria 18; s/d €30/60, d with bathroom €75) One of several simple hostales in the El Pratet area, this place offers fairly Spartan rooms but with the advantage, in some cases, of balconies overlooking the animated street.

Lonely Planet Mexico by John Noble, Kate Armstrong, Greg Benchwick, Nate Cavalieri, Gregor Clark, John Hecht, Beth Kohn, Emily Matchar, Freda Moon, Ellee Thalheimer

AltaVista, Bartolomé de las Casas, Burning Man, call centre, clean water, colonial rule, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, illegal immigration, informal economy, low cost airline, low cost carrier, Mahatma Gandhi, New Urbanism, off grid, place-making, Rosa Parks, Rubik’s Cube, Skype, sustainable-tourism, trade route, traffic fines, urban sprawl, wage slave

Hotel María Cristina (Map; 5703-1212;; Río Lerma 31; s/d from M$695/775; Reforma; ) Dating from the 1930s, this facsimile of an Andalucian estate makes an appealing retreat, particularly the adjacent bar with patio seating. Though lacking the lobby’s colonial splendor, rooms are generally bright and comfortable. Hotel del Principado (Map; 5233-2944;, in Spanish; Londres 42; s/d/tr incl breakfast M$580/780/890; Insurgentes; ) Conveniently poised between the Zona Rosa and Colonia Roma, this friendly little place makes a nice cocoon. Its carpet was recently replaced with faux wood floors, light stained furniture was added and the keys have been updated to cards. A breakfast buffet includes fruit, chilaquiles and much more. Look for weekend discounts. Hotel Bristol (Map; 5533-6060;; Plaza Necaxa 17; s/d M$792/909; Insurgentes; ) A good-value option in the pleasant and central Cuauhtémoc neighborhood, the Bristol caters primarily to business travelers, offering quality carpet, soothing colors and an above-average restaurant.

pages: 3,292 words: 537,795

Lonely Planet China (Travel Guide) by Lonely Planet, Shawn Low

Albert Einstein, anti-communist, bike sharing scheme, carbon footprint, clean water, colonial rule, credit crunch, Deng Xiaoping, G4S, haute couture, haute cuisine, income inequality, indoor plumbing, Kickstarter, land reform, mass immigration, Pearl River Delta, place-making, Rubik’s Cube, Skype, South China Sea, special economic zone, sustainable-tourism, trade route, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, women in the workforce, Xiaogang Anhui farmers, young professional

One of the deepest gorges in the world, it measures 16km long and is a giddy 3900m from the waters of the Jinsha River (Jinsha Jiang) to the snowcapped mountains of Haba Shan (Haba Mountain) to the west and Yulong Xueshan to the east, and, despite the odd danger, it’s gorgeous almost every single step of the way. The gorge hike is not to be taken lightly. Even for those in good physical shape, it’s a workout and can certainly wreck the knees. The path constricts and crumbles and is alarmingly narrow in places, making it sometimes dangerous. When it’s raining (especially in July and August), landslides and swollen waterfalls can block the paths, in particular on the low road. (The best time to come is May and the start of June, when the hills are afire with plant and flower life.) A few people – including a handful of foreign travellers – have died in the gorge. During the past decade, there have also been cases of travellers being assaulted on the trail.

pages: 1,799 words: 532,462

The Codebreakers: The Comprehensive History of Secret Communication From Ancient Times to the Internet by David Kahn

anti-communist, British Empire, Claude Shannon: information theory, computer age, cuban missile crisis, Fellow of the Royal Society, Honoré de Balzac, index card, interchangeable parts, invention of the telegraph, Isaac Newton, Johannes Kepler, John von Neumann, Louis Daguerre, Maui Hawaii, Norbert Wiener, out of africa, pattern recognition, place-making, popular electronics, positional goods, Republic of Letters, Searching for Interstellar Communications, stochastic process, the scientific method, trade route, Turing machine, union organizing, yellow journalism, zero-sum game

The President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board cannot substitute for Congress, which is in a different branch of government from the intelligence agencies and which holds the pursestrings. Congressional surveillance would benefit both N.S.A. and the nation as a whole. It would, in the first place, help keep N.S.A. from reverting to its old, dangerous smugness; the Un-American Activities Committee investigation was the object lesson for this. It would, in the second place, make an essentially antidemocratic operation responsible to the processes of free men. The mail-opening activities of N.S.A. are repugnant to Americans, who tolerate them reluctantly only because of the Cold War. Its spyings can never be wholly reconciled with the ideals of a nation founded on a respect for the dignity of the individual. But they can be made accountable to those ideals, as embodied in the elected representatives of the people.