Downton Abbey

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pages: 361 words: 81,068

The Internet Is Not the Answer by Andrew Keen

"Robert Solow", 3D printing, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, Airbnb, AltaVista, Andrew Keen, augmented reality, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, bitcoin, Black Swan, Bob Geldof, Burning Man, Cass Sunstein, citizen journalism, Clayton Christensen, clean water, cloud computing, collective bargaining, Colonization of Mars, computer age, connected car, creative destruction, cuban missile crisis, David Brooks, disintermediation, disruptive innovation, Donald Davies, Downton Abbey, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Filter Bubble, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Frank Gehry, Frederick Winslow Taylor, frictionless, full employment, future of work, gig economy, global village, Google bus, Google Glasses, Hacker Ethic, happiness index / gross national happiness, income inequality, index card, informal economy, information trail, Innovator's Dilemma, Internet of things, Isaac Newton, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, Joi Ito, Joseph Schumpeter, Julian Assange, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, Kodak vs Instagram, Lean Startup, libertarian paternalism, lifelogging, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, Martin Wolf, Metcalfe’s law, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Nate Silver, Nelson Mandela, Network effects, new economy, Nicholas Carr, nonsequential writing, Norbert Wiener, Norman Mailer, Occupy movement, packet switching, PageRank, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Paul Graham, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer rental, Peter Thiel, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Potemkin village, precariat, pre–internet, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Metcalfe, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Skype, smart cities, Snapchat, social web, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, TaskRabbit, Ted Nelson, telemarketer, The Future of Employment, the medium is the message, the new new thing, Thomas L Friedman, Travis Kalanick, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, Uber for X, uber lyft, urban planning, Vannevar Bush, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks, winner-take-all economy, working poor, Y Combinator

It’s a contemporaneous show, she argues, because there is a “profound similarity between the vast economic, social, and political changes that drive the action in ‘Downton Abbey’ and our own time.”65 In our digital age of perpetual creative destruction, Freeland says, technology companies like Google, Uber, and Facebook are, on the one hand, enabling the vast personal fortunes of twenty-first-century Internet plutocrats like Mark Zuckerberg and Travis Kalanick; and, on the other, wrecking the lives of a woman like Pam Wetherington, the nonunionized worker at Amazon’s Kentucky warehouse who was fired after suffering stress fractures in both feet after walking for miles on the warehouse’s concrete floor. But there is one important difference between Downton Abbey and Silicon Valley, Freeland reminds us. “With their lavish lifestyles, the aristocrats of ‘Downton Abbey’ may seem like a 20th-century version of our own plutocrats, but they are not,” she says, because today’s “aristocracy of talent” have “all the perks and few of the traditional values” of the old Downton Abbey aristocracy.”66 And so, in the Silicon Valley of 2014, there are all the social and economic hierarchies of 1914 without any of what Freeland calls “the social constraints” of the old aristocracy. We have Downton Abbey reinvented as the Battery. We have secession fantasies and $130 million yachts as long as football fields and billionaire uberlibertarians with staffs of black-clad blondes and white-coated butlers.

CHAPTER FIVE THE CATASTROPHE OF ABUNDANCE The Narrow Stump I grew up in England. No, not the England of Winston Churchill’s exclusive gentleman’s clubs or Downton Abbey’s bucolic aristocracy and their unnaturally cheerful servants. Rather than a nostalgic costume drama, my England was London. And my London was Soho—the square-mile district in London’s West End that is not only the historic center of the city’s fashion business, but also the heart of its independent movie and music industries. As a kid growing up in the swinging London of the late sixties and seventies, I got to see a much more entertaining show in Soho than anything a Downton Abbey–style TV drama could muster. My family was in the rag trade and owned a store on the edge of Soho, so I had the good fortune to spend much of my adolescence wandering around its abundant clubs, cafés, and records stores, and its other, more adult attractions.

Little did Licklider imagine, however, that his intergalactic computer network would end up financing the building of an alien spaceship in downtown San Francisco. Chrystia Freeland, the author of Plutocrats64 and an authority on the rise of the new global superrich and the fall of everyone else, has a compelling explanation of why fantasists like Fulk find nostalgic dramas like Downton Abbey so seductive. It’s a contemporaneous show, she argues, because there is a “profound similarity between the vast economic, social, and political changes that drive the action in ‘Downton Abbey’ and our own time.”65 In our digital age of perpetual creative destruction, Freeland says, technology companies like Google, Uber, and Facebook are, on the one hand, enabling the vast personal fortunes of twenty-first-century Internet plutocrats like Mark Zuckerberg and Travis Kalanick; and, on the other, wrecking the lives of a woman like Pam Wetherington, the nonunionized worker at Amazon’s Kentucky warehouse who was fired after suffering stress fractures in both feet after walking for miles on the warehouse’s concrete floor.


pages: 354 words: 99,690

Thinking About It Only Makes It Worse: And Other Lessons From Modern Life by David Mitchell

bank run, Boris Johnson, British Empire, cognitive dissonance, collapse of Lehman Brothers, credit crunch, don't be evil, double helix, Downton Abbey, Etonian, eurozone crisis, haute cuisine, Julian Assange, lateral thinking, Northern Rock, offshore financial centre, payday loans, plutocrats, Plutocrats, profit motive, sensible shoes, Skype, The Wisdom of Crowds, WikiLeaks

Utterly inept with regard to these elements of television production which I previously considered vital to a drama’s success – or certainly its enjoyability. Yet I undoubtedly do enjoy Downton Abbey, and not “because it’s so terrible”. I unironically enjoy it despite how bad it is. Is that what they call cognitive dissonance? Or is it just really liking footage of a stately home? So Laura Carmichael deserves much credit for turning the implausible words and actions in the script into a believable character. Lady Edith is the second daughter of the Earl of Grantham, who owns Downton Abbey (which is where Downton Abbey is set – it is not a real abbey, so he is not an abbot), and she has a very rough time. The plainer middle sibling, she lives her life like an emotional Frank Spencer, her heart always metaphorically being dragged along on roller skates behind a bus.

Which means, sadly, that it’ll be episode eight, at the earliest, before we see Russell Crowe attempt to wrestle Chewbacca, Bill Nighy get exasperated with R2-D2 or a duck feel the Force. * Laura Carmichael deserves to be congratulated. Few actors have achieved her kind of success. Her portrayal of Lady Edith in Downton Abbey is so effective, and so affecting, that the character has started to become real. Not just to seem real to people watching television, but actually to be. The fact that this became clear on the occasion of her West End debut playing another role in no way diminishes the achievement. You may not be familiar with Lady Edith, or with Downton Abbey at all. Even if you are, you may pretend not to be. It’s not a particularly respectable show to admit to watching. Or is that nonsense? In some ways, it’s unassailably respectable: a Sunday night costume drama, oozing the cream of the British acting profession.

DAVID MITCHELL THINKING ABOUT IT ONLY MAKES IT WORSE AND OTHER LESSONS FROM MODERN LIFE To Mum and Dad CONTENTS Title Page Dedication Introduction 1 Taking Offence, Demanding Apologies, Making People Do Things and Stopping People Doing Things – A Guide to Modern Hobbies With less money around, people have to make their own entertainment these days, which has been a boon for those who enjoy the sensation of righteous anger. 2 Just Turn On Your Television Set and Stay In and Do Something More Boring Instead Go on! Enjoy it while it lasts! After all, websites are only really entertaining when you’re supposed to be working. And just look at the wonders of the old media’s Jurassic ecosystem: from daytime TV to Downton Abbey, from Harry Potter to Homer Simpson, from Lewis to Endeavour, there’s never been more to doze off in front of. 3 Don’t Expect Too Much of Robots To my mind, corporations are like giant robots which have been programmed to make money at all costs. So they’re quite dangerous to live around, but at the same time there’s no more point in getting cross with them than there is in blaming a satnav for never changing the oil. 4 Saying You Want to Make a Difference Makes No Difference Politicians will go to unreasonable lengths in order to seem reasonable.


pages: 320 words: 90,526

Squeezed: Why Our Families Can't Afford America by Alissa Quart

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, Automated Insights, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, basic income, Bernie Sanders, business intelligence, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, East Village, Elon Musk, full employment, future of work, gig economy, glass ceiling, haute couture, income inequality, Jaron Lanier, job automation, late capitalism, Lyft, minimum wage unemployment, moral panic, new economy, nuclear winter, obamacare, Ponzi scheme, post-work, precariat, price mechanism, rent control, ride hailing / ride sharing, school choice, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, Snapchat, surplus humans, TaskRabbit, Travis Kalanick, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, union organizing, universal basic income, upwardly mobile, wages for housework, women in the workforce, working poor

I started doing this in 2010, when my squeezed work and home lives ran in parallel to an expansive, simulated world on the screen. What was popular back then was the 1 percent TV heritage drama Downton Abbey, which featured the Crawleys, an aristocratic British family in the earlier part of the twentieth century whose dramatic entrances in frock coats and devoré dresses distracted me from my physical discomfort and scattered future. The sting of monetary deprivation drew me to these overwrought spectacles of early-twentieth-century British aristocratic life: I could almost smell their byzantine meals and the nursery where future regents were looked after by governesses while their parents partied and dined. (And I was not alone: the final episode of Downton Abbey drew 9.6 million American viewers.) On Downton Abbey, the “downstairs” servant class is unruly and often downright evil: in the first season, I watched, while pregnant, a male servant and a lady’s maid conspire to harm their fellow servants and that same maid plot to have her pregnant mistress trip on a bar of soap so that she would lose the baby.

On Downton Abbey, the “downstairs” servant class is unruly and often downright evil: in the first season, I watched, while pregnant, a male servant and a lady’s maid conspire to harm their fellow servants and that same maid plot to have her pregnant mistress trip on a bar of soap so that she would lose the baby. In contrast, the aristocrats are benign. Downton Abbey turned the elaborately set tables of yesteryear’s Upstairs, Downstairs, a PBS hit and British import that ran in the 1970s and was fonder of the inhabitants of “downstairs”—the bluff, friendly maids and cooks—than television is today. I wasn’t alone in my passion for escape into screen worlds oozing with disposable income. Others too wanted to click and swipe onto shows featuring violence, candelabras, and private helicopter rides, servants polishing their masters’ silver teapots, and private rap shows for leather-clad homeboy-millionaires.

Online, fans who get behind 1 percent shows like Billions and Empire will fight any haters. “Those who are nitpicking this probably suffer from Rich Envy,” wrote one Billions citizen reviewer on Amazon about any commenters who might cast aspersions on that show and its central character, a twisted billionaire. “Awesome show! You feel like you get a ‘real’ glimpse into an uber-intelligent (though morally flawed) super-rich hedge funder,” wrote another. As one citizen reviewer of Downton Abbey with the fitting handle workingmom29609 put it, “It’s wonderful to escape to the life of the landed rich.” I like to watch 1 percent shows because I want to watch privileged people behaving badly. Yet I desperately want to see the ultra-rich find their comeuppance too. That comeuppance never comes. Nevertheless, I don’t turn off Ozark or Billions. I don’t completely yearn for their downfall, and neither do their other fans.


pages: 676 words: 203,386

The Platinum Age of Television: From I Love Lucy to the Walking Dead, How TV Became Terrific by David Bianculli

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, Alistair Cooke, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, feminist movement, friendly fire, global village, Mark Zuckerberg, medical residency, period drama, pre–internet, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Steve Jobs, trickle-down economics, unpaid internship

Other imports spawned remakes rather than sequels: 1989’s Traffik miniseries was remade as a 2000 movie starring Michael Douglas, and 1990’s House of Cards, starring Ian Richardson as a scheming British politician, was reinvented as a Spacey vehicle, with a Washington, D.C., setting, for the Netflix streaming service in 2013. PBS also imported The Lost Prince, an outstanding period drama written and directed by Stephen Poliakoff, in 2004; Bleak House, starring Gillian Anderson as Lady Dedlock in a flawless version of the Charles Dickens novel, in 2005; and, beginning in 2011, Downton Abbey, the lavish miniseries that brought the whole genre full circle, back to the earliest days of The Forsyte Saga and Upstairs, Downstairs. DOWNTON ABBEY 2010–15, ITV (U.K.); 2011–16, PBS. Creator and writer: Julian Fellowes. Stars: Hugh Bonneville, Elizabeth McGovern, Maggie Smith, Michelle Dockery, Jim Carter, Brendan Coyle, Joanne Froggatt, Dan Stevens, Lily James, Lesley Nicol, Rob James-Collier, Sophie McShera. The appeal of soap operas built around servants and the ruling class was proven persuasively in the early days of TV and the miniseries, thanks to the widespread, unexpected international appeal of The Forsyte Saga in the 1960s and Upstairs, Downstairs in the 1970s.

In the cinema, the director Robert Altman demonstrated the durability of this fascination with the upstairs and downstairs folk in his 2001 film Gosford Park, a movie set in an English country house in the 1930s. That film was written by Julian Fellowes and starred not only Michael Gambon of The Singing Detective but Maggie Smith, who would act out the words and actions of Fellowes again, nine years later, when she was featured in his newest TV costume drama, Downton Abbey. By the time Downton came to television, the once-ubiquitous period dramas were all but a thing of the past, in more ways than one. But Downton Abbey, whose narrative began in 1912 with news of the sinking of the Titanic and ended six TV seasons later with the arrival of New Year’s Day 1926, was an instant, constant, and talked-about hit, on both sides of the Atlantic. Once again, it tapped into all the genre’s biggest strengths, presenting sudden deaths, crushing tragedies, quiet victories, and lavish settings.

Brooks Profile Garry Shandling 10 Splitcoms The Andy Griffith Show The Dick Van Dyke Show The Bob Newhart Show Seinfeld Louie Profile Carl Reiner Profile Bob Newhart Profile Larry David Profile Louis C.K. 11 Single Working Women Sitcoms The Mary Tyler Moore Show The Days and Nights of Molly Dodd Murphy Brown Sex and the City Girls Profile Judd Apatow 12 Sci-Fi/Fantasy/Horror The Twilight Zone Star Trek The X-Files Buffy the Vampire Slayer The Walking Dead 13 Westerns Gunsmoke Maverick Rawhide Lonesome Dove Deadwood Profile David Milch 14 Spies The Avengers Mission: Impossible Alias Homeland The Americans 15 General Drama Twin Peaks The West Wing Six Feet Under The Wire Mad Men Profile David Simon Profile Aaron Sorkin Profile Matthew Weiner 16 War Combat! M*A*S*H China Beach Band of Brothers Generation Kill 17 Miniseries Roots The Singing Detective Lonesome Dove The Civil War Downton Abbey Profile Ken Burns 18 Topical Comedy That Was the Week That Was The Daily Show with Jon Stewart The Colbert Report Last Week Tonight with John Oliver The Nightly Show with Larry Wilmore Profile Larry Wilmore Conclusion Acknowledgments Bibliography INTRODUCTION If you’re going to look at the history and evolution of television—quality TV in particular—there may be no better place to start than Mel Brooks.


pages: 82 words: 21,414

The Myth of Meritocracy: Why Working-Class Kids Still Get Working-Class Jobs (Provocations Series) by James Bloodworth

Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Bob Geldof, Boris Johnson, cognitive dissonance, Downton Abbey, gender pay gap, glass ceiling, income inequality, light touch regulation, precariat, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, unpaid internship, upwardly mobile, We are the 99%, zero-sum game

From this apparently unimpeachable set of assumptions, several things are commonly deduced: social mobility has stalled or is in reverse; there was a higher level of social mobility after the Second World War; and the way to reverse this trend is to improve things like education for poorer pupils. It is mostly the left that makes the broader argument about social mobility going into reverse, though some on the right have hit upon the same point too. So Frances O’Grady, the General Secretary of the TUC, has described Britain as a ‘Downton Abbey-style society’ in which social mobility ‘has hit reverse’.23 The former New Labour minister Alan Milburn, chair of the government’s Child Poverty and Social Mobility Commission, similarly argued in 2009 that certain professions were a ‘closed shop’ where ‘birth, not worth, has become more and more a determinant of people’s life chances’. Like other commentators, Milburn contrasted an apparently worsening level of social mobility today with a period during the last century when ‘the professions created unheard-of opportunities for millions of men and women’.24 On the right, the former Conservative Prime Minister Sir John Major has similarly claimed that ‘in every single sphere of British influence, the upper echelons of power … are held overwhelmingly by the privately educated or the affluent middle class’.25 Sir John described this as a ‘collapse in social mobility’ which, rather predictably, he blamed on Labour.

Relative to other comparable nations, social mobility in Britain is poor. According to the OECD,36 Britain has some of the lowest rates of social mobility in the developed world. In the UK, a person’s earnings are more likely to reflect their father’s than in any other country. Whether this is a feature of the last thirty years or the last 300, it is no less shameful. 23 ‘Britain “becoming like Downton Abbey” says TUC leader’, Justin Parkinson, bbc.co.uk, 8 September 2014. 24 ‘Unleashing Aspiration: The Final Report of the Panel on Fair Access to the Professions’, 21 July 2009. 25 ‘“Truly shocking” that the private-school educated and affluent middle class still run Britain, says Sir John Major’, Christopher Hope, Daily Telegraph, 10 November 2013. 26 ‘Intergenerational Mobility in Europe and North America’, Jo Blanden, Paul Gregg and Stephen Machin, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE, April 2005. 27 ‘Has social mobility in Britain decreased?


pages: 458 words: 112,885

The Prodigal Tongue: The Love-Hate Relationship Between American and British English by Lynne Murphy

airport security, British Empire, cognitive bias, cognitive dissonance, Downton Abbey, en.wikipedia.org, illegal immigration, invention of the printing press, joint-stock company, moral panic, pre–internet, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, smart cities, Steven Pinker, too big to fail, transatlantic slave trade, young professional

Reprinted in Lapham’s Quarterly. http://www.laphamsquarterly.org/communication/proofreading [April 16, 2017]. 24. Rose 2014, p. 113. 25. Meddling with nouns: Who’s medalling now? 2012 (Aug 10). Oxford Dictionaries. http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2012/08/meddling-with-nouns-whos-medalling-now/ [April 16, 2017]. 26. Zimmer, Ben. 2012 (Feb 10). Downton Abbey: Tracking the anachronisms. Word Routes. Visual Thesaurus. http://www.visualthesaurus.com/cm/wordroutes/downton-abbey-tracking-the-anachronisms/ [April 16, 2017]. 27. Business Diary: A crack in Lego’s brick wall. 2010 (Sept 14). The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/business-diary-a-crack-in-legos-brick-wall-2079411.html [April 16, 2017]. 28. Heffer 2014: “nouns, as verbs.” 29. Gowers, Greenbaum, and Whitcut 1986, p. 184. 30.

Never mind that the slang has long been “cultivated more assiduously in the media than in the East End of London.”32 It’s a secret language, it’s fun, and so Americans want it as part of their picture of England. These wish lists of Britishness don’t tend to include the kind of slang that’s used on the streets of London these days, like bare (‘a lot of; very,’ as in I’m in a bare good mood) or cotch (‘to relax; to sleep’). The British vocabulary that Americans consume lives at Downton Abbey, 221B Baker Street, or Hogwarts. It doesn’t come from the inner-city settings of soaps like Coronation Street or from the party animals of the Geordie Shore. And Americans seem to like it that way—imagining that their British words come straight from the country manor, the Edwardian chimney sweep, or Her Majesty’s Secret Service, not from the local hairdresser or the kids in the skate park.

After hearing the new noun-verb a few times, you’ll get used to it, but for a while you might hang on to the resentment that “somebody else changed my familiar old word and made me work a little harder to understand it.” It’s an old person’s problem. The next generation will live with the new verb all their lives, and so it won’t “clang” in their ears and brains. In the 1930s, people were up in arms about the new verb to contact. By the 2000s, we’re so used to contacting people that only the nerdiest of language nerds noticed when it was anachronistically uttered on Downton Abbey.26 English is susceptible to conversion (the linguistic term for changing a word’s part of speech) because our nouns, verbs, and adjectives can look and sound a lot alike. Most English nouns don’t bother to wear their nouniness on their sleeves. For a word like camp, anything goes. It sounds like other adjectives (damp), other nouns (lamp), and other verbs (stamp). And so the language doesn’t mind if you camp at a camp camp: verb, adjective, noun.


pages: 362 words: 83,464

The New Class Conflict by Joel Kotkin

2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, Bob Noyce, California gold rush, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, carbon footprint, creative destruction, crony capitalism, David Graeber, deindustrialization, don't be evil, Downton Abbey, Edward Glaeser, Elon Musk, energy security, falling living standards, future of work, Gini coefficient, Google bus, housing crisis, income inequality, informal economy, Internet of things, Jane Jacobs, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, John Markoff, John von Neumann, Joseph Schumpeter, Kevin Kelly, labor-force participation, low-wage service sector, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, mass affluent, McJob, McMansion, medical bankruptcy, Nate Silver, New Economic Geography, new economy, New Urbanism, obamacare, offshore financial centre, Paul Buchheit, payday loans, Peter Calthorpe, plutocrats, Plutocrats, post-industrial society, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, rent control, rent-seeking, Report Card for America’s Infrastructure, Richard Florida, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Steve Jobs, technoutopianism, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Thomas L Friedman, too big to fail, transcontinental railway, trickle-down economics, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban sprawl, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, working poor, young professional

Christopher Lasch, The Only and True Heaven: Progress and Its Critics (New York: Norton, 1991), p. 529. 55. Ray Fisman “The New Artisan Economy,” Slate, July 16, 2012, http://www.slate.com/articles/business/the_dismal_science/2012/07/unemployment_manufacturing_and_construction_jobs_aren_t_coming_back_americans_need_new_skills_.html; Walter Russell Mead et al., “Is Downton Abbey the Future of the U.S. Economy?” American Interest, November 9, 2013, http://www.the-american-interest.com/blog/2013/11/09/is-downton-abbey-the-future-of-the-us-economy. 56. Pew Charitable Trusts, ““Pursuing the American Dream,” pp. 7–8; Peter Francese, “U.S. Consumer—Like No Other On the Planet,” Advertising Age, January 2, 2006; Christina Passariello, Rachel Dodes, and Stacy Meichtry, “Luxury Goods Weathering Economic Woes in U.S.,” Wall Street Journal, July 26, 2008. 57.

Since the 1970s, concerns about environmental constraints, noted Christopher Lasch, undermined the notion for the rising “new class” that their definition of the “good life” could be “made universally available.”54 Thus ends the romance between upward mobility and the progressive idea. Rather than be helped in the new economic order, the once independent Yeoman class is expected to accept its new role as home care providers, hairdressers, dog walkers, and toenail painters for the “innovative class.” Walter Russell Mead aptly describes this perspective as a “Downton Abbey vision of the American future.”55 If left unchecked, this trend will change not only our politics but also our consumer culture. In an environment where wealth is concentrated, companies focus on the affluent minority, as opposed to the middle-class mass, which has increasingly limited purchasing power. Demographer Peter Francese points out that the “mass affluent,” which comprises roughly ten percent of households, boosted spending annually last decade at a seven percent rate while overall household growth remained at a mere one percent.


pages: 227 words: 81,467

How to Be Champion: My Autobiography by Sarah Millican

Albert Einstein, call centre, Downton Abbey, index card, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Nelson Mandela, Nick Leeson

But I get cash instead of mini Milky Ways and it’s all my own work. I have a big working-class chip on my shoulder. The first time I bought a first-class train ticket it was by accident, and when the conductor came along to where I was sitting in standard class he said, ‘You should be along there,’ pointing to the first-class carriage. I said, ‘Oh no, I don’t think so.’ I thought everyone would look like Downton Abbey and I was putting my make-up on out of a sandwich bag. He pointed to the ticket and said, ‘It says first class, look.’ I said, ‘Oh no, I don’t think I’d feel comfortable in first class,’ to which he replied, ‘Oh no, there’s plenty of your sort down there.’ Cheeky fucker. I’m quite dull. I had a hash cake in Amsterdam and fell asleep complaining the cake was rubbish. I’m rubbish at sticking to things.

• Wear handcuffs (I refused). • Wear lens-free glasses as the brilliantly impressive photographer couldn’t take photos of me in my glasses because of the reflection. I’ve had my photo taken a million times and this has only once come up. My dad can take a photo of me with an iPhone and you can’t see the reflection. • Stand with my hands on my hips (classic Millican pose). • Dress up like Downton Abbey holding a pug in a bonnet (my idea). • Stare wistfully out of the window on a train – for Who Do You Think You Are? • Eat a muffin (my idea). • Hold an axe over a child’s head (my idea). • Sit in front of a squirrel on a plate (my idea). • Laugh in a fake-fur coat outside (I did it inside). • Hang on a coat hook by a backpack on my back. • Drink from a mug (another classic Millican pose)

I went on to win the newcomer award that year (2008) and got nominated for the main award two years later. I quite rightly lost to Russell Kane. His show was so good that I cried when he won, which my agent took as losing sadness and patted me on the arm. (Geraint Lewis/Edinburgh Comedy Awards) The photo shoot for my second tour, ‘Thoroughly Modern Millican’, was one of my favourites. I was very clear about what I wanted. ‘Can I look like I’m in Downton Abbey? But be holding a dog in a bonnet that looks nonplussed?’ FOR NO REASON AT ALL. (Andy Hollingworth) The first time I ever thought I could look glamorous. Turns out I rock a 1950s headscarf. This was for my ‘Typical Woman’ Fringe show, and the poster was inspired by Rosie the Riveter and won some award for best poster. Oh, and some lesbians messaged me to say they thought my arm was sexy.


pages: 255 words: 92,719

All Day Long: A Portrait of Britain at Work by Joanna Biggs

Anton Chekhov, bank run, banking crisis, call centre, Chelsea Manning, credit crunch, David Graeber, Desert Island Discs, Downton Abbey, Erik Brynjolfsson, financial independence, future of work, G4S, glass ceiling, industrial robot, job automation, land reform, low skilled workers, mittelstand, Northern Rock, payday loans, Right to Buy, Second Machine Age, six sigma, Steve Jobs, trickle-down economics, unpaid internship, wages for housework, Wall-E

He wouldn’t necessarily want to see the government, which is ‘stuffed for money like everyone else’, change: ‘To be fair, Tony Blair might have bankrupted us but he was certainly no enemy of people like me in the way that Miliband might be.’ Almost exactly three years after the run on Northern Rock, Downton Abbey, a TV series about an English country estate in the early twentieth century, aired on ITV in September 2010. The soothing Sunday evening soap opera made the country estate into a metaphor for the nation: the indebted Earl of Grantham must modernise; the kitchen maid must upskill; the rebellious daughter who crosses class lines must die of puerperal fever. For Lord Somerleyton, with his belief in the traditional class structures with layers high and low, the get-stuck-in values of his parents’ time have ‘been washed away, pretty much’, but for the TUC, the Bullingdon Club elite is bringing a Downton Abbey-style society back to twenty-first-century Britain. If the nation is a family, and the family a nation, where does that leave women?

I’ve taken statistics about Lowestoft from ‘England’s Seaside Towns: A “benchmarking” study’ from November 2008 by Christina Beatty, Steve Fothergill and Ian Wilson at Sheffield Hallam University for the Department for Communities and Local Government, as well as from reports in the Lowestoft Journal, and Waveney Health Profile 2012, compiled with NHS data and English Public Health Observatories. Frances O’Grady’s comments about a ‘Downton Abbey-style society’ were reported by the BBC in an article by Justin Parkinson of 8 September 2014. Entertaining The Royal Ballet 2013–14 season was announced on its website, where you’ll also find figures on how both resident companies are funded in the online version of the Royal Opera House’s annual review. The Arts Council grant to the ROH is set out in ‘Arts Council England’s Analysis of its Investment in large-scale Opera and Ballet’, available online, and the 30 per cent cut to the overall Arts Council Budget was reported by the BBC on 20 October 2010.


pages: 344 words: 94,332

The 100-Year Life: Living and Working in an Age of Longevity by Lynda Gratton, Andrew Scott

3D printing, Airbnb, assortative mating, carbon footprint, Clayton Christensen, collapse of Lehman Brothers, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, delayed gratification, disruptive innovation, diversification, Downton Abbey, Erik Brynjolfsson, falling living standards, financial independence, first square of the chessboard, first square of the chessboard / second half of the chessboard, future of work, gender pay gap, gig economy, Google Glasses, indoor plumbing, information retrieval, intangible asset, Isaac Newton, job satisfaction, longitudinal study, low skilled workers, Lyft, Nelson Mandela, Network effects, New Economic Geography, old age dependency ratio, pattern recognition, pension reform, Peter Thiel, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Florida, Richard Thaler, Second Machine Age, sharing economy, side project, Silicon Valley, smart cities, Stanford marshmallow experiment, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, The Future of Employment, uber lyft, women in the workforce, young professional

To be told you have more years of life, but that you will spend much of it working for longer when you already feel time-poor is a depressing thought. But if Keynes was right and people are working less, why do so many feel so time-poor? The Downton Abbey effect One part of the explanation is that while on average the hours of work have declined, not everyone is working fewer hours. Over the last century there has been an interesting switch. A century ago, the poor and the low-skilled worked longer hours. It was they who toiled in the factories created by the Industrial Revolution. In contrast, the rich and the highly skilled worked fewer hours. In its most extreme form this led to Veblen’s notion of the leisure class,3 so aptly portrayed in the popular TV series Downton Abbey. The switch between the poor and unskilled and the rich and skilled was completed by around the 1990s. At this point, those on lower wages worked fewer hours, and those on higher wages began to work for a little longer than the low-paid.

Index The letter f following an entry indicates a figure 3.0 scenarios here–here, here, here, here 3.5 scenarios here–here, here, here 4.0 scenarios here–here, here–here, here, here 5.0 scenarios here–here, here, here, here, here, here–here Acorns here activities of daily living (ADL) here adolescence here–here, here adult equivalence scales here age cognition and here–here corporations and here explorers and here–here government policy and here independent producers and here life stages and here–here, here–here portfolios and here predictability of here segregation and here–here, here–here, here, here–here age process algorithms here, here ageing process here, here ageism here, here agency here, here, here finance and here–here agriculture here–here Amazon here anxiety here appearance here Apple iPhone here reputation here Archer, Margaret here Artificial Intelligence (AI) here, here, here, here education and here human skills and here medical diagnoses and here–here, here skills and knowledge and here–here Asia here assets here, here see also intangible assets; tangible assets; transformational assets assortative mating here–here, here Astor, Brooke here Autor, David here–here, here Baby Boomers here–here beauty here Becker, Gary: ‘Treatise on the Family’ here, here–here, here behavioural nudges here Benartzi, Shlomo here benefits here–here see also welfare Bennis, Warren here birth rates, decline in here–here, here brain, the here–here, here–here cognition here Braithwaite, Valerie here Brontë, Charlotte: Jane Eyre here Buffett, Warren here–here Calico (California Life Company) here Calment, Jeanne here careers breaks and here changes and here–here dual careers here, here, here cell aging here centenarians here, here–here change here–here catalysts for here–here corporations and here–here, here education and here–here government policy and here–here, here identity and here–here inequalities and here–here mastery and here–here planning and experimentation and here–here rate of here–here Cherlin, Andrew here chess here children here, here–here, here Christensen, Clayton here Cloud Robotics here cohort estimate of life expectancy here, here, here companies here, here–here, here–here Amazon here Apple here–here change and here–here, here creative clusters here–here economies of scale and here–here Facebook here flexibility here–here, here–here reputation and here–here research and here small business ecosystems here–here technology and here–here Twitter here value creation here–here WhatsApp here compression of morbidity here–here computing power here–here, here–here see also Moore’s Law connectivity here–here consumerism here, here consumption complementarities here–here consumption levels here, here continuums here corporations here–here, here–here see also companies creative clusters here–here independent producers and here–here creativity here cross-age friendships here crucible experiences here–here Deep Learning here dementia here depreciation here developing countries life expectancy and here–here, here state pensions and here Dickens, Charles: Old Curiosity Shop, The here diet here Dimson, Elroy here disabilities here discounting here discretionary time here diverse networks here, here–here Doctorow, Corey: Makers, The here Downton Abbey effect, the here–here Doyle, Arthur Conan here driverless cars here, here dual career households here, here, here Dweck, Carol here–here dynamic/diverse networks here, here–here Easterlin’s Paradox here economy, the here–here agriculture and here–here gig economy here job creation and here–here leisure industry and here service sector and here sharing economy here, here stability and here education here, here–here, here–here see also mastery experiential learning here–here, here, here human skills and judgement and here ideas and creativity and here institutions here–here learning methods here mental flexibility and agility and here–here multi-stage life and here specialization here–here, here, here technology and here, here, here training here efficacy here, here, here–here elasticity here–here emerging markets life expectancy and here state pensions and here emotional spillover here employers here–here, here employment see also companies; employment changes age and here, here–here, here–here changes and here, here, here–here, here–here city migration and here–here creation here–here demographics and here, here–here diverse networks and here–here elasticity and here–here environmental concerns and here–here, here family structures and here–here, here, here–here, here, here, here–here flexibility and here–here, here, here–here, here–here, here–here, here hollowing out of work here–here, here, here home and here job classification here–here knowledge and skills and here levels here, here matches here–here mobility here multi-stage life and here office-based here paid leave here participation rates here–here, here pay here–here, here psychological contract here satisfaction here–here self-employment here–here specialization and here–here statistics here status and here supply and here–here technology and here, here–here, here–here, here, here, here–here, here unique human skills here–here, here vacancies here–here women and here–here working hours here–here, here working week here–here employment changes here, here, here–here companies and here–here industry sectors and here–here, here entrepreneurship here–here see also independent producers equity release schemes here experiential learning here–here, here, here experimentation here, here–here, here–here explorers here–here, here–here adventurers here age and here–here assets and here crucible experiences and here–here options and here–here searchers here, here exponential discounting here exponential growth here–here Facebook here families here, here, here–here, here children here, here–here, here dual career households here, here, here marriage here–here work and here, here finance here, here–here see also pensions age process algorithms here, here agency and here–here automation and here–here costs here–here efficacy and here–here equity release schemes here flexibility here governments and here–here, here, here–here health and here housing and here–here hyperbolic discounting here–here inheritances here–here investment here, here–here, here–here, here, here old age and here–here pay here–here, here pension replacement rates here–here, here, here–here portfolios here–here psychology and here–here retirement and here–here fitness and health here–here see also health Fleming, Ian here flexibility here, here–here, here, here–here, here–here, here corporations and here–here government policy and here–here working patterns and here flexibility stigma here, here Ford, Henry here Foxconn here Frey, Carl here Friedman, Stewart here–here, here Fries, James here, here Future of Work Consortium here future selves here–here future selves case studies Jane here–here, here–here Jimmy here–here, here galumphing here–here gender here, here see also women inequality here–here, here–here, here, here, here specialization of labour here, here–here, here, here, here–here Generation Y here generational attitudes here gerontology here Giddens, Anthony here, here gig economy here–here globalization here Goldin, Claudia here, here Google here governments here, here–here, here inequalities and here–here pensions and here–here rate of change and here–here Gratton, Lynda here Shift, The here growth mindset here–here Groysberg, Boris here Haffenden, Margaret here Hagestad, Gunhild here–here, here Harvard Grant Study here health here, here–here brain, the here–here chronic diseases here–here, here compression of morbidity here–here dementia here diseases of old age here–here finance and here improvements in here–here inequality here, here–here infectious diseases here public health here stress here–here healthy life expectancy here heterogeneity here hollowing out of work here–here, here, here home, work and here household here–here see also home economies of scale and here–here relationships here, here–here, here, here housing here–here imputed rent here, here ownership here HR policies here–here human skills here–here, here, here, here hyperbolic discounting here–here Ibarra, Herminia here identity here–here, here, here–here, here–here see also self-control; self-knowledge improvisation here–here imputed rent here, here income see also welfare distribution here growth and here inequalities here–here, here–here skills and knowledge and here–here income effect here–here independent producers here–here, here–here assets and here case study here–here creative clusters and here–here learning and here–here prototyping here–here reputation and curating and here–here India here–here Individual, the here Industrial Revolution, the here–here, here, here, here inequalities here–here gender and here–here, here–here, here, here, here government policy and here–here health here, here–here income here–here, here–here life expectancy and here–here, here–here, here infant mortality here intangible assets here–here, here–here, here case studies here–here, here–here, here corporations and here–here endowed individual characteristics here, here independent producers and here marriage and here productive assets see productive assets time and here transformational assets see transformational assets transitions and here–here vitality assets see vitality assets International Labour Organization (ILO) here ‘Women and the Future of Work’ here investment here, here–here, here–here, here Japan centenarians here–here life expectancy here, here–here,here–here, here pensions and here population decline and here job classification here–here job creation here–here job satisfaction here–here juvenescence here, here–here, here Kahneman, Daniel here Kegan, Robert here Keynes, John Maynard: Economic Possibilities of Our Grandchildren here knowledge see skills and knowledge Kurzweil, Ray here labour market see employment Lampedusa, Giuseppe : Leopard, The here law (occupation) here–here leadership here learning methods here leisure class here leisure industry here, here, here–here leisure time here, here, here–here, here–here, here–here Keynes, John Maynard and here life expectancy here–here, here see also long life best practice here, here calculating here–here, here chronic diseases and here–here cohort estimate of here, here, here developing countries and here–here diseases of old age and here–here government plans and here healthy life expectancy here historical here, here, here increase in here–here, here India and here–here inequalities in here–here, here–here, here infant mortality and here Japan and here, here–here, here–here, here limit to here–here period life expectancy measure here, here–here public health innovations and here South Korea here US and here–here Western Europe here life stages here–here, here–here age and here–here experiential learning and here explorers and here–here, here–here independent producers and here–here, here–here juvenescence and here, here–here multi-stage model here, here–here, here, here, here–here, here–here, here new stages here, here see also life stages case studies portfolios and here–here, here–here three-stage model here, here–here, here–here, here–here, here–here, here–here, here–here transitions and here life stages case studies diversity and here Jane here–here Jimmy here–here, here lifetime allowances here–here, here, here liminality here Linde, Charlotte here lockstep of action here–here, here London here–here London Business School here long life see also life expectancy as a curse here, here as a gift here, here Luddites, the here machine learning here marriage here–here Marsh, Paul here Marshall, Anthony here mastery here–here matching here–here Millenials here Mirvas, Philip here Modigliani, Franco here MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) here, here Moore’s Law here–here, here Moravec’s Paradox here, here morbidity here–here compression of here–here Morrissey, Francis here mortality here mortality risk here multiple selves here–here National Commission on Technology, Automation, and Economic Progress here neighbourhoods here neoplasticity here neoteny here, here new experiences here occupations here–here old age dependency ration here–here, here Ondine, curse of here options here, here–here Osborne, Michael here paid leave here Parfit, Derek here participation rates here–here, here peers here–here pension case studies Jack here, here–here, here, here Jane here, here, here–here, here, here, here, here, here–here Jimmy here–here, here, here–here, here, here, here–here, here three-stage life model here–here, here–here, here–here pension replacement rate here–here, here, here–here pensions here, here–here, here see also pension case studies amount required here–here funded schemes here goals and here government policy and here–here investment and here, here occupational pensions here–here Pay As You Go schemes here–here, here, here pension replacement rate here–here, here, here–here reform and here state pensions here–here, here period life expectancy measure here, here–here personal brands here pharmacy (occupation) here planning here plasticity here–here play here–here politics, engagement with here Polyani’s Paradox here–here, here population here–here, here–here portfolios (financial) here–here portfolios (life stage) here–here, here–here switching costs here transitions and here–here posse here–here, here possible selves here, here–here possible selves case studies Jane here–here Jimmy here–here, here Preston, Samuel here production complementarities here, here–here, here productive assets here–here, here case studies here, here, here–here, here, here, here, here–here, here, here marriage and here transitions and here professional social capital here–here prototyping here–here psychology here, here–here see also self-control age process algorithms here, here automation and here–here behavioural nudges here saving and here–here pure relationships here, here pyramid schemes here re-creation and recreation here–here, here–here recruitment here reflexive project, the here regenerative community here, here, here Relation P here relationships here–here, here, here children and here–here divorce and here–here, here dual career households here families and here–here, here–here friendships here, here–here household here, here–here, here, here marriage and here–here, here–here matches and here–here multi-generational living here–here, here options and here–here pure relationship here switching roles here, here, here, here–here reputation here–here, here–here, here–here retirees here–here retirement see also pensions age of here, here, here, here, here–here, here consumption levels and here corporations and here, here government policy and here–here stimulation in here, here risk here risk pooling here robotics here, here, here, here see also Artificial Intelligence role models here routine here routine activities here routine-busting here routine tasks here–here Rule of here here Sabbath, the here sabbaticals here–here Save More Tomorrow (SMarT plan) here–here Scharmer, Otto here second half of the chessboard here–here segregation of the ages here–here, here–here, here, here–here self-control here–here, here–here age process algorithms here, here automation and here behavioural nudges here self-employment here–here self-knowledge here–here, here finance and here–here service sector here sexuality here–here Shakespeare, William King Lear here sharing economy here–here, here, here short-termism here–here skills and knowledge here, here–here, here see also human skills earning potential and here professional social capital and here–here technology and here–here valuable here–here Slim, Carlos here smart cities here–here independent producers and here–here social media here, here–here society here spare time here see also leisure time standardized practices here–here Staunton, Mike here strategic bequest motive, the here–here substitution effect here switching here, here, here, here–here tangible assets here–here, here, here, here, here see also housing; pensions case studies here, here, here, here, here, here transitions and here taxation here, here–here Teachers Insurance and Annuity Assurance scheme here technology here, here see also Artificial Intelligence computing power here–here, here–here see also Moore’s Law driverless cars here–here, here education and here, here, here employment and here, here–here, here–here, here, here, here–here, here human skills and here, here innovation and here matching and here relationships and here teenagers here–here, here–here, here, here Thaler, Richard here thick market effects here–here Thomas, R. here time here, here–here see also sabbaticals discretionary time here flexibility and here–here, here Industrial Revolution, the here–here, here–here, here intangible assets and here leisure and here, here, here–here, here–here, here–here restructuring here, here spare time here working hours here–here, here, here–here working hours paradox here–here, here working week, the here–here, here time poor here–here trade unions here transformational assets here, here–here, here–here, here, here, here case studies here–here, here–here, here–here, here–here, here, here, here, here crucible experiences and here corporations and here transitions here, here–here, here–here, here corporations and here financing here–here government policy and here, here nature of here–here portfolios and here–here re-creating here recharging here–here tribal rituals here Twitter here Uhlenberg, Peter here–here, here UK, occupational pension schemes and here–here Unilever here universities here US here–here compression of morbidity and here occupational pension schemes and here Valliant, George here value creation here vitality assets here, here–here, here case studies here, here–here, here, here, here–here, here, here, here, here transitions and here–here website here week, the here–here weekend, the here, here weight loss here welfare here–here see also benefits Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania here–here, here WhatsApp here Wolfran, Hans-Joachim here women see also gender children and here–here relationships and here, here, here work and here–here Women and Love here work see employment working hours here–here, here, here–here working week, the here–here, here Yahoos here–here youthfulness here–here Bloomsbury Information An imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing Plc 50 Bedford Square 1385 Broadway London New York WC1B 3DP NY 10018 UK USA www.bloomsbury.com BLOOMSBURY and the Diana logo are trademarks of Bloomsbury Publishing Plc First published 2016 © Lynda Gratton and Andrew Scott, 2016 Lynda Gratton and Andrew Scott have asserted their right under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, to be identified as Author of this work.


pages: 317 words: 89,825

No Rules Rules: Netflix and the Culture of Reinvention by Reed Hastings, Erin Meyer

Airbnb, Downton Abbey, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, global village, hiring and firing, job-hopping, late fees, loose coupling, loss aversion, out of africa, performance metric, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Skype, Stephen Hawking, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, subscription business

In doing so, you prepare him to make not just good decisions on Saturday nights but also responsible decisions in the myriad of seductive or peer-influenced situations he will face in the coming years. If you have a responsible child, option 2 may sound like the obvious answer. Who wants to be an overbearing parent and why would you not want a teenager to assume responsibility for his own safety? But in many situations the choice is not so clear-cut. Consider this scenario: You are the matriarch of a modern-day Downton Abbey (aristocratic family with snooty accents, loads of drama, and lots of money). Your adult children are coming to your house for a month of holidays and you have hired someone to cook dinner. Your family is complicated when it comes to food. One person is diabetic, another is a vegetarian, and a third is on a low-carbohydrate diet. You know how and what to cook for this crowd but how is this chef you’ve hired, who doesn’t know your family, going to manage?

If loose coupling is to work effectively, with big decisions made at the individual level, then the boss and the employees must be in lockstep agreement on their destination. Loose coupling works only if there is a clear, shared context between the boss and the team. That alignment of context drives employees to make decisions that support the mission and strategy of the overall organization. This is why the mantra at Netflix is HIGHLY ALIGNED, LOOSELY COUPLED To understand what this involves, let’s return to Downton Abbey, where your family members are waiting for their dinner. If you have spent enough time ensuring you and your cook are aligned on exactly what types of foods will make the family happy, who eats what and why, the portions she should make, and which types of foods should be cooked rare, medium, or well, your high-performing chef will be ready to select and cook her meals without oversight. However, if you hire a high-performing chef and give her free range to cook what she wants, but you haven’t shared that your family hates salt and that any salad dressing with sugar will be rejected by all, it’s likely your household of fusspots won’t like the meal delivered to their plates.

., 22 Gates, Bill, 78 General Electric (GE), 177–78 Germany, 147–48, 250–51 Gizmodo, 178 Gladwell, Malcolm, 142 Glassdoor, xv, 50 global expansion and cultural differences, 237–65, 239–65 adjusting your style for, 257–61 Brazil, 137, 150, 224–26, 243, 247, 249–51, 257, 264 candor and, 250–55, 260, 263–64 culture map, 242–50 feedback and, 250–57, 260, 261–64 Google and, 240–41 Japan, 46–47, 183, 224, 225, 257, 261 in culture map, 243, 247, 248 feedback and criticism in, 251–57 Japanese language, 252–53 360 process and, 256 Netherlands, 242, 243, 246, 248, 251, 261–63 Schlumberger and, 240–41 Singapore, 243, 246, 248, 251, 257–59, 261, 264 trust and, 248, 249 Golden Globe Awards, xvii, 76 Goldman Sachs, 177 Golin, 50 Google, xvii, 77, 94–96, 98, 136 global expansion of, 240–41 gossip, 189 Guillermo, Rob, 207 H Handler, Chelsea, 115–16 happiness, xvii Harvard Business Review, xxii Hastings, Mike, 87 Hastings, Reed: childhood of, 10, 13 at Coherent Software, 101, 104 downloading issue and, 146–48 feedback and, 26–27 interview with, 173–80 in leadership tree, 224–25 marriage of, 13–15 Meyer contacted by, xxii–xxiii Netflix cofounded by, xi, 3–4 in Netflix’s offer to Blockbuster, xi–xii in Peace Corps, xxii, xxiii, 14, 101, 239–40 Pure Software company of, xviii–xix, xxiv, 3, 4, 6, 7, 13–14, 55, 64, 71, 101, 122, 123, 236 Qwikster and, 140–42 HBO, 113–14, 208 Hewlett-Packard (HP), 66–67 hierarchy of picking, 165–66 Hired, xvii hiring: hierarchy of picking and, 165–66 talent density and, see talent density honesty, xvi, xxiii, 178 and spending company money, 58–59 see also candor; transparency hours worked, 39 House of Cards, xvii, 65, 75, 171, 236 HubSpot, xvii, 50 Huffington Post, xxii Hulu, 208, 232 humility, 123 Hunger Games, The, 176 Hunt, Neil, 41, 45, 94, 98, 154, 196 downloads and, 146, 148 and Netflix as team, not family, 173–74 360s and, 197, 198 vacations of, 41 I Icarus, 207–8, 232–33 India, 83, 84, 147–48, 224–26 Mighty Little Bheem in, 228–31 industrial era, 269, 271 industry shifts, xvii–xviii, xix Informed Captain model, 140, 149–52, 216, 223, 224, 231, 248 innovation, xv, xix, xxi, 84, 135–36, 155, 271–72 decision-making and, 130, 131, 135, 136 and leading with context or control, 214–15, 217 Innovation Cycle, 139–40 asking what learning came from the project, 153, 155 celebrating wins, 140, 152 failures and, 140, 152–59 farming for dissent, 140–44, 158 not making a big deal about failures, 153–55 placing your bet as an informed captain, 140, 149–52 socializing the idea, 140, 144–45, 158, 159 spreadsheet system and, 143–44 sunshining failures, 153, 155–59 testing out big ideas, 140, 146–48 International Olympic Committee, 232 internet, 146–48, 154 internet bubble, 4 iPhone, 130 Italy, 131–32 J Jacobson, Daniel, 166–68 Jaffe, Chris, 153–57 Japan, 46–47, 183, 224, 225, 257, 261 in culture map, 243, 247, 248 feedback and criticism in, 251–57 Japanese language, 252–53 360 process and, 256 jerks, 34–36, 200 Jobs, Steve, xxiv, 130 Jones, Rhett, 178 K karoshi, 46 kayaking, 180 Keeper Test, xiv, 165–87, 240, 242 Keeper Test Prompt, 180–83 Key Performance Indicators (KPIs), 81, 191, 209 Kilgore, Leslie, 14–15, 81, 94, 171 expense reports and, 61–62 on hiring and recruiters, 95–96 “lead with context, not control” coined by, 48, 208–9 new customers and, 81–82 signing contracts and, 149–50 360s and, 192, 193, 197, 198 King, Rochelle, 27–29 Kodak, xviii, 236 Korea, 224, 225 Kung Fu Panda, 221 L Lanusse, Adrien, 148 Latin America, 136, 241, 249 Brazil, 137, 150, 224–26, 243, 247, 249–51, 257, 264 Lawrence, Jennifer, 176 lawsuits, 175 layoffs at Netflix, 4–7, 10, 77, 168 leading with context, not control, 48, 207–36 alignment in, 217–18, 231 on a North Star, 218–21 as tree, 221–31 control versus context, 209–12 decision-making in, 210, 216, 217 Downton Abbey-type cook example, 211–12, 218 error prevention and, 213–14, 220, 269–71 ExxonMobil example, 213–14 Icarus example, 207–8, 232–33 innovation and, 214–15, 217 Kilgore’s coining of phrase, 48, 208–9 and loose versus tight coupling, 215–17 Mighty Little Bheem example, 228–31 parenting example, 210–11 spending and, 59–62 talent density and, 212, 213 Target example, 213–15 lean workforce, 79 letting people go, 173–76 “adequate performance gets a generous severance,” xv, xxii, 171, 175–76, 242 employee fears about, xv, 178–80, 183–84 employee turnover, 184–85 in Japan, 183 Keeper Test, xiv, 165–87, 240, 242 Keeper Test Prompt, 180–83 lawsuits and, 175 at Netflix, 185 Netflix layoffs in 2001, 4–7, 10, 77, 168 post-exit communications, 117–20, 183–84 quotas for, 178 LinkedIn, 50, 51, 137 Little Prince, The (Saint-Exupéry), 215 loose versus tight coupling, 215–17 Lorenzoni, Paolo, 131–33, 135, 138 loss aversion, xv–xvi Low, Christopher, 258–60 M Mammoth, 51 Management by Objectives, 209 Man of the House, 222 Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 83 McCarthy, Barry, 14–15, 56 McCord, Patty, 4–7, 9, 10, 15, 27–28, 41, 53, 71, 173 all-hands meetings and, 108 departure from Netflix, 171 expense policy and, 55, 60–61 financial data and, 110 salary policy and, 78, 81, 94, 96 team metaphor and, 169 360s and, 197–99 vacation policy and, 40, 43, 45, 52–53 Memento project, 156, 157 Mexico, 136–38 Meyer, Erin, xxii The Culture Map, xxii, 19, 242–50 Hastings’ message to, xxii–xxiii keynote address of, 19, 32 Netflix employees interviewed by, xxiii, 19–20 in Peace Corps, xxii micromanaging, 130, 133, 134 Microsoft, 78, 122, 176–78 Mighty Little Bheem, 228–31 Mirer, Scott, 200–201 mistakes, 121–25, 271–72 distancing yourself from, 157 management style and, 213–14, 220, 270 sunshining of, 157 see also failures Morgan Stanley, 123 Moss, Trenton, 50–51 Mr.


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Flash Count Diary: Menopause and the Vindication of Natural Life by Darcey Steinke

Downton Abbey, financial independence, Haight Ashbury

On our last evening together, I made my mother a roast chicken with vegetables, which I served on a bare table. The thrift-store plates, the mismatched silver, the paper napkins, the terrible blankness of the white enamel tabletop. The rawness of the table continues to haunt me. For our last meal, couldn’t I have used my good plates and put a cloth on the table? After dinner she wanted to watch the television show Downton Abbey, about a lord and his family in the early 1900s. She’d always loved everything about rich people. To my mother, money, which she never had much of, was an object of adoration. This adoration was not tainted by greed but was pure, almost religious in nature. I didn’t have a TV, only my laptop. I suggested we watch the Will Ferrell movie Elf. She sneered—a movie about a grown man pretending to be a Christmas elf?

I looked at the photo. Under the dress, I’d worn a thick beige bodysuit and control-top tights. I knew for a fact that there was no way my pubic hair could be showing. “It’s just a shadow in the material,” I said. My mother shook her head and said, “I don’t think so.” She stuck the photo inside the slit of her purse. I felt light-headed, numb, furious. She continued to complain about the loss of Downton Abbey until Elf was over and we both went to bed. I’ve come out of my mother’s body three times. Once when I was born; once in adolescence, a baby woman breaking out of the maternal crust; and when she died, I came out a final time. The times before this last time, though I was outside, I was also partly inside her. But now that she’s dead, I’ve come out completely. This is why, just after she died, I felt so exposed.


pages: 323 words: 107,963

Ask Me About My Uterus: A Quest to Make Doctors Believe in Women's Pain by Abby Norman

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, complexity theory, correlation does not imply causation, double helix, Downton Abbey, feminist movement, financial independence, Kickstarter, period drama, phenotype, Saturday Night Live, the scientific method, women in the workforce

Once medical science discovered and began to actively crusade against transmissible infection, childbed fever all but evaporated. But there were still risks to childbirth, many of which were silent and pernicious. Eclampsia, a dangerous rise in blood pressure, can cause fatal seizures after a baby is born and may come on quite suddenly. The youngest daughter of the Crawley family on the beloved period drama Downton Abbey died of this when the two male doctors who were charged with treating her couldn’t agree on her course of treatment: a storyline that, unfortunately, is based on fact. Of course, for the vast majority of human history, women gave birth virtually anywhere but in a hospital: at home, at work in the fields, in a hut or a cave—and certainly these places weren’t the most sterile and safe environments.

Our ancestors didn’t have to confront these numbers, because they rarely lived into what we now consider to be middle age. The high end of their life expectancy topped out long before menstruation begins to taper off as women of the modern age enter perimenopause in their early fifties. The historical trend for menarche, meanwhile, has slunk downward. It wasn’t unheard of for young women of the Downton Abbey era to not begin menstruating until the age of fifteen or sixteen. A woman would likely only have a few years of her “monthlies” before she would marry and begin to have children. The reasons for the declining age at menarche are not yet fully understood, but if you can imagine it—diet, environment, genetics, plastic—someone, somewhere, has likely implicated it. Today, with menarche happening at age twelve, on average, and women choosing various methods to delay childbearing well into their twenties and thirties (or even longer!)

INEXPLICABLE COINCIDENCES, CONNECTIONS, and an overdosing of pure luck has described my life thus far. I’m not sure if the connections are abundant or if I’m just unusually good at seeing them, but those breaths of splendid fortuity have saved my life on more than one occasion. Certainly they are always welcome, always enchanting. I met Lorraine on the Internet because we both were part of an online group that faithfully watched Downton Abbey together each week and then thoroughly critiqued it. I actually wrote the weekly recaps for The Mary Sue during the last season, which bolstered my freelance writing career and legitimized my Tumblr rants. Lorraine, a fire-haired, twenty-something nurse from New Jersey, is a magnificent cosplayer. Her legendary collection of hand-sewn costumes, wigs, accessories, and props is astounding to my untrained eye, and I marvel at her many handicraft skills.


pages: 317 words: 71,776

Inequality and the 1% by Danny Dorling

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, banking crisis, battle of ideas, Bernie Madoff, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Boris Johnson, Branko Milanovic, buy and hold, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, centre right, collective bargaining, conceptual framework, corporate governance, credit crunch, David Attenborough, David Graeber, delayed gratification, Dominic Cummings, double helix, Downton Abbey, en.wikipedia.org, Etonian, family office, financial deregulation, full employment, Gini coefficient, high net worth, housing crisis, income inequality, land value tax, longitudinal study, low skilled workers, lump of labour, mega-rich, Monkeys Reject Unequal Pay, Mont Pelerin Society, mortgage debt, negative equity, Neil Kinnock, Occupy movement, offshore financial centre, plutocrats, Plutocrats, precariat, quantitative easing, race to the bottom, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, TaskRabbit, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trickle-down economics, unpaid internship, very high income, We are the 99%, wealth creators, working poor

We have a fascination with stories of great wealth, but clearly it is not always better to be rich.2 To counter our older concepts about rich men – and their despair at camels failing to fit through the eye of the needle – there exists a new, often subconscious, message that existence is only fully realised with the aid of great wealth. It is a message disseminated through the smiling faces on magazine covers and on primetime television. Contrast these with the miserable faces of the poor, or merely ‘normal’, that the media presents every day. Many well-known television dramas in both the UK and US have at their heart the implicit message ‘the rich only have your best interests at heart’. Think of Downton Abbey.3 Our grandparents’ generation created the National Health Service while ours came up with the National Lottery. That is a sad indictment of our times, but it does at least allow a natural experiment to be carried out to answer the question of what happens to people if they are simply given a large amount of money. The answer, most often, is that they become rapidly and sometimes rabidly more right-wing.

Urwin, ‘We’re So Mean to Those Poor Billionaires’, Evening Standard, 20 March 2014, p. 15. Conclusion 1. J. Schalansky, Pocket Atlas of Remote Islands: Fifty Islands I Have Not Visited and Never Will (London: Particular Books, 2012), p. 76 (although she should have said mutinies rather than revolutions perhaps). 2. M. Taussig, Beauty and the Beast (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012), pp. 11, 152. 3. G. Dines, ‘Downton Abbey and House of Cards: Dramas that Live in the World of the 1 Per Cent’, Guardian, 20 February 2014. 4. N. Powdthavee and A. J. Oswald, ‘Does Money Make People Right-Wing and Inegalitarian? A Longitudinal Study of Lottery Winners’, Warwick University Working Paper, 2014, at ideas.repec.org. 5. C. Davies, ‘Lottery Millionaires Each Fund Six Jobs a Year, Study Shows’, Guardian, 22 October 2012. 6.


pages: 225 words: 71,912

So Close to Being the Sh*t, Y'all Don't Even Know by Retta

centre right, Downton Abbey, McMansion, pink-collar, Skype, Snapchat

I liked them as a kid but I just can’t vibe with them as an adult. I’m also that person who recognizes someone from another show and feels the need to let everyone know, whether it be sending a tweet or telling someone actually in the room. “Oh shit! Mrs. Patmore! Who knew she could be a crime boss?!’” said I while watching an episode of The Catch. You can call me IMDBeyotch. I luh my programs. Highbrow (Downton Abbey) and lowbrow (Laguna Beach). Antiheroes (Tony Soprano) and unlikely heroes (Walter White). Comedies (Modern Family) and especially dramedies (Freaks and Geeks, Orange Is the New Black, Shameless, Gilmore Girls, Californication, Weeds, Veronica Mars, I could go fucking onnnnn). And, ooh yes, procedural doc shows, like Grey’s Anatomy. I get to live vicariously through these characters. It’s as though their experiences are mine, with all the breakthroughs and none of the lost patients!

I am someone who walks the red carpet in a dress that was made for me by someone I never met (thank you Rani Zakhem).1 I am someone who Al Roker and Giuliana Rancic wish to converse with, as long as nobody better is within a few feet of me. I am someone who makes friends with the ladies from Orange Is the New Black and exchanges digits with Lena Dunham because we bond over the fact that we both have the same fake Chanel iPhone case. I am now asked to take selfies with Laura Carmichael, Lady Edith Crawley from Downton Abbey, because she … nay, the entire Downton cast are my peers. I’m part of this industry. A part of the industry, but second tier for sure. And nowhere does that become more evident than in your party invites. Not just what you do and don’t get invited to, but what time. One of the biggest Emmy parties is called “The Evening Before.” The first time I was invited to this soiree was very exciting.


pages: 268 words: 74,724

Who Needs the Fed?: What Taylor Swift, Uber, and Robots Tell Us About Money, Credit, and Why We Should Abolish America's Central Bank by John Tamny

Airbnb, bank run, Bernie Madoff, bitcoin, Bretton Woods, buy and hold, Carmen Reinhart, corporate raider, correlation does not imply causation, creative destruction, Credit Default Swap, crony capitalism, crowdsourcing, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, fiat currency, financial innovation, Fractional reserve banking, full employment, George Gilder, Home mortgage interest deduction, Jeff Bezos, job automation, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Rogoff, Kickstarter, liquidity trap, Mark Zuckerberg, market bubble, money market fund, moral hazard, mortgage tax deduction, NetJets, offshore financial centre, oil shock, peak oil, Peter Thiel, price stability, profit motive, quantitative easing, race to the bottom, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Steve Jobs, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, Travis Kalanick, Uber for X, War on Poverty, yield curve

Put more plainly, the price of credit should be set in free markets. Markets are information personified, and as such they are quite capable of setting the rate of interest that most meets the needs of borrowers and savers. Prices set in free markets maximize the potential for transactions, including those between savers and borrowers. In my first book, Popular Economics: What the Rolling Stones, Downton Abbey and LeBron James Can Teach You about Economics, I argued that when it comes to booming economic growth and immense prosperity, the answers are easy. That argument remains true. Also true is that just as the economics profession presents a major barrier to economic growth, its mysticism renders credit less attainable, by virtue of the credentialed presuming to set prices and intervene in markets in ways that wouldn’t take place if markets were free.

David Beckworth and Ramesh Ponnuru, “Monetary Regime Change,” National Review, June 12, 2012. 10. Alana Semuels, “Detroit’s Abandoned Buildings Draw Tourists instead of Developers,” Los Angeles Times, December 25, 2013. 11. Smith, Wealth of Nations, 370. 12. Nathan K. Lewis, Gold: The Monetary Polaris (Portland, Ore.: Create Space Independent Publishing Platform, 2013), 208. 13. John Tamny, Popular Economics: What the Rolling Stones, Downton Abbey, and LeBron James Can Teach You about Economics (Washington, D.C.: Regnery, 2015), 232–33. 14. Bret Swanson, “Permission Slips for Internet Innovation,” Wall Street Journal, August 15, 2015. 15. Isaac, “Upstarts Raiding Giants for Staff in Silicon Valley.” CHAPTER SEVENTEEN 1. James Osborne, “Price Slide Hurts Energy Deals” Dallas Morning News, December 27, 2014. 2. Jon Hilsenrath and Nick Timiraos, “U.S.


pages: 312 words: 83,998

Testosterone Rex: Myths of Sex, Science, and Society by Cordelia Fine

assortative mating, Cass Sunstein, credit crunch, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, Drosophila, epigenetics, experimental economics, gender pay gap, George Akerlof, glass ceiling, helicopter parent, longitudinal study, meta analysis, meta-analysis, phenotype, publication bias, risk tolerance

But there just aren’t that many ways to be a female baboon. The unrivalled interest of human beings as objects of examination for reality TV programming reflects the fact that, as evolutionary biologist Mark Pagel puts it, we are “a single species with a global reach and ways of life as varied as collections of different biological species.”64 The anthropological, historical, psychological records and a single episode of Downton Abbey clearly show that how women and men behave “varies greatly depending on situations, cultures, and historical periods,”65 as psychologists Wood and Eagly put it. We saw earlier in the book that even when it comes to something as basic as bringing the next generation into being, we humans have enjoyed an array of possibilities as to how to get the job done. A man might be a Chinese emperor with a large harem to service, or a contentedly monogamous British civil servant.

“female-end” zones in, 91–92 possible compensating function of, 94–95, 137, 179 in rats, 90–91 socio-environmental influences on, 87, 89, 90–91, 96–100 in songbirds, 95–96 stress and, 90–91 traditional view of, 15–24, 86–89, 169, 178–79, 181, 195 unknown functions of, 92–93 Brain Storm (Jordan-Young), 190 British Toxicology Society, 228n Brown, Gillian, 51 Browne, Kingsley, 129 Brown University, 86 buff-breasted sandpiper, 37 Buffett, Warren, 157 Bulgari, 63, 64, 72 bush crickets, 43, 61, 73, 185 Buston, Peter, 74 Cahill, Larry, 16–17, 104, 105, 225n California, University of: at Davis, 38 at Irvine, 16 at Los Angeles (UCLA), 72 Cambridge University, 19, 44, 167, 181, 182 canaries, 95 Cárdenas, Juan-Camilo, 157 caregiving, 178 career costs of, 155 cultural norms for, 144, 146 by males, 43, 44, 144, 145–46 by parents, 43, 44, 99 as supposedly feminine trait, 17, 107, 113 testosterone levels and, 130, 143, 144, 145, 232n traditional view of, 189 Carothers, Bobbi, 101–2, 225n Carré, Justin, 148 Carr-Gregg, Michael, 176 Casey, Patricia, 83–84, 86–87, 107 Cashdan, Elizabeth, 124 casual sex: differences in male vs. female attitudes toward, 54–60, 117, 211n–12n double standard in, 56–58, 213n, 236n importance of male vs. female orgasms in, 58–59 central nervous system, sex differences in, 93 Challenging Casanova: Beyond the Stereotype of the Promiscuous Young Male (Smiler), 52 Chancing It (Keyes), 113–15 Chicago, University of, 94 children: gender socialization in, see gender socialization males as caregivers for, 43, 44, 144, 145–46 unequal parental investment in, 14–15, 32–33, 42, 47–48 Chile, 156, 158 China, 75, 122, 124, 156, 163 choosiness, 87 in females, 32, 35, 43, 207n in males, 40–41 cichlid fish, 130–31, 139, 141, 142, 185 Clark, Russell, 54, 56, 59 Clarkin, Patrick, 61 clitoris, 85 Coates, John, 167, 168, 244n cofactors, 136 cognition, 100 Cohen, Dov, 148 coho salmon, 131 Colombia, 124, 157 Columbia University, 112 communication, 100 competitiveness, 15, 18, 19–20, 21, 23, 87, 178 cultural context and, 124–25, 147 and female reproductive success, 39, 43 in females, 39–40, 43, 127, 131–32, 140, 142, 168 intra- vs. intersexual, 30–31 and male reproductive success, 33–34, 37, 48–49, 123, 164–65 risk taking and, 110, 226n sexual displays and, 30–31 as supposedly masculine trait, 110–11, 142 testosterone and, 129–31, 143–44, 146–47, 168, 232n, 237n weak correlation between sex and, 124–25 concentration camps, gift giving in, 64 Concordia University, 57, 175 confirmation bias, 154–55, 162–63 congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), 85, 181, 182–83 Conley, Terri, 56, 59, 60, 117 Cook, Hera, 76–77 Cornell University, 131 cortisol, 166, 237n, 244n Corvette, 17, 104, 105 culture: caregiving and, 144, 146 competitiveness and, 124–25, 147 risk taking and, 126, 127, 156–57 sex roles and, 178, 183 sexuality and, 65, 76, 78–79, 84, 144–45, 177–78 Cunningham, Sheila, 193 Daily Telegraph (Australia), 176 Dalhousie University, 191 Darwin, Charles, 29–31, 109, 201n, 205n Datoga, 144 Davies, Nick, 44 DC Thomson, 174 Del Giudice, Marco, 225n Delingpole, James, 175 Delusions of Gender (Fine), 103, 183 dendritic spines, 90 Denmark, 55 Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, The (Darwin), 30 developmental plasticity, 233n–34n developmental systems: adaptive behaviors and, 186, 188–91 brain and, 186, 234n de Vries, Geert, 93, 95, 97–98 digit ratio, 163–64, 165–66, 180 DLKW Lowe, 174 DNA paternity testing, 37 domestic violence, 191–92 dominance, social, 185 of females, 40, 132 in H. burtoni cichlids, 130–31, 139, 141, 142 seen as masculine trait, 17, 102, 107, 109–10 Downey, Greg, 65, 76, 215n Downton Abbey (TV show), 99 dunnock (hedge sparrow), 44, 185 Dupré, John, 14, 20, 65–66, 73, 75, 186 Eagly, Alice, 73, 99–100, 190, 211n–12n East Africa, 130 Economist, 18 Ecuador, 72 education, biological sex and, 17–18 effect size, 101, 154 Eicher, Eva, 86 Einon, Dorothy, 47, 48, 49 Einstein, Gillian, 94 Elgar, Mark, 41 Emlen, Stephen, 74 Emory University, 140 England, 76 epigenetics, 96 brain and, 89–90, 96, 234n estrogen receptors, social information and expression of, 142 estrogens, 19, 94, 134, 136 evolution: adaptation and, 184–88, 189 risk taking and, 109–10, 122–23, 125, 152 sex differences in, 15–16, 22, 87, 184–85 and unequal parental investment, 14–15 Evolutionary Bases of Consumption, The (Saad), 175 Evolutionary Psychologists, 52, 60, 63, 71, 78, 185, 218n exaptation, 65 Exeter University, 14, 121 “failure-as-an-asset” effect, 161, 169 fallopian tubes, 85 Fast Track intervention, 147–48 Fausto-Sterling, Anne, 86, 95–96, 97, 179–80 females: aggression in, 102–3, 132 biological investment in children of, 14–15, 32–33, 42, 47–48 choosiness in, 32, 35, 43, 207n competitiveness in, 39–40, 43, 127, 131–32, 140, 142, 168 promiscuity in, 35–40 reproductive success of, see reproductive success, female risk taking by, 110, 115, 116–17, 126, 127, 239n sexual displays by, 31 sexual double standards and, 56–58 social dominance of, 40, 132 testosterone in, 137, 138, 143, 146, 166, 168, 203n feminism, 15, 34 and women’s sexuality, 78 Ferrari, 113 FIA Formula 1 World Championship, 16 finance industry: low cost of failure in, 170 risk taking in, 20, 151–52 sex inequality in, 169–70 sexual stereotyping and, 152, 244n testosterone and, 20, 151–52, 167–70 financial crisis of 2007–2009, 20, 22–24, 152, 170 Financial Times, 125, 168–69 fixedness, of traits, 188–90 Flood, Michael, 213n Flynn, James, 118 Forbes, 18 Forger, Nancy, 93, 97–98 Formula 1 racing, 16, 20 France, 55 Francis, Richard, 129, 131 fruit flies (Drosophila), 29 Bateman’s experiments with, 29, 31–32, 33–36, 39, 40, 42, 43, 48, 60, 61, 137, 177, 205n, 206n Fuentes, Augustín, 51–52, 149 funnel plots, 154–55 Gapun, 103 Geary, D.


pages: 285 words: 83,682

The Lies That Bind: Rethinking Identity by Kwame Anthony Appiah

affirmative action, assortative mating, Boris Johnson, British Empire, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, European colonialism, Ferguson, Missouri, four colour theorem, full employment, illegal immigration, Isaac Newton, longitudinal study, luminiferous ether, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, means of production, precariat, Scramble for Africa, selection bias, transatlantic slave trade, zero-sum game

After “wounding a retriever” and “peppering” a gamekeeper’s shoes, Wellington ended a catalogue of mishaps by shooting an old woman, who had been unwise enough to do her washing by the open window of her cottage on the estate. “I’m wounded, Milady,” the woman screamed. “My good woman,” Lady Shelley replied, “this ought to be the proudest moment of your life. You have had the distinction of being shot by the great Duke of Wellington!”11 THE AMERICAN WAY Many Americans, like most English people, have a hobbyist’s knowledge of the old British class order from watching shows like Downton Abbey on television. But in America, it is regarded as quaint and even alien, like a National Geographic documentary about an unfamiliar tribe; as strange, in some respects, as the world of the Asante court. From the very beginning, the United States repudiated the very idea of a titled aristocracy. The first article of the American Constitution declares forthrightly: “No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States.”

., 213, 215, 216, 218 Cecilia (Burney), 157 Central Asia, 79, 120, 193, 194 Central Europe, 77 Cervantes, Miguel de, 115 Charlemagne (Holy Roman Emperor), 193, 194, 197 Charles I (king of England), 145 Chaucer, Geoffrey, 145, 199 Childhood and Society (Erikson), 3 China, 18, 88, 90, 92, 93, 95, 96, 123, 126, 128, 129, 174 Chinatown, Singapore, 96 Chomsky, Noam, 38 Chrétien de Troyes, 187, 195, 205, 211 Christy, Henry, 189 Churchill, Winston, 126, 160 Cicero, 210 Cirencester, England, 7 Citizen of the World, The (Goldsmith), 204 Clement I (Roman pope), 52 Clermont, France, 194 Cleveland, Grover, 137 Cligès (Chrétien de Troyes), 187 Cobb, Jonathan, 168 Cobden, Richard, 83 Cockfosters (London, England), 139 Collier, John Payne, 155, 156 Colonsay, Scotland, 87 “Commentator, The” (ibn Rushd), 198 Condition of the Working Class in England, The (Engels), 158 Constantine (Roman emperor), 65 Constantine VII (ruler of Byzantium), 197 Constantinople, Byzantine Empire, 197 Córdoba, Caliphate of, 197, 199 Corinth, 54, 61 Corinthians, First Book of, 48, 52, 54–55 Cornwall, England, 77 Corsica, 5 coscienza di Zeno, La (Svevo), 84 Cotswold Hills, England, xi Crazy Rich Asians (Kwan), 162 Crenshaw, Kimberlé, 19 Crimea, 89 Crimean Peninsula, 89 Cripps, Alfred (Lord Parmoor), 7 Cripps, Joseph, 7 Cripps, Stafford, 160, 161, 175 Cromwell, Oliver, 75, 182, 183 Cuba, 140, 189 Culture and Anarchy (Arnold), 189, 190 Czechoslovakia, 77 Dahomey, Kingdom of, 26 Dalton, Hugh, 175 Danelaw, 76 Dante, 207 Darwin, Charles, xv, 118 Davis, Miles, 206 “Dead, The” (Joyce), 84 De anima, (Aristotle), 198 De jure maurorum (On the Law of the Moors; Amo), 109 De materia medica (Dioscorides), 197 De rerum natura (Lucretius), 44 Decline of the West, The (Spengler), 201 Delhi, India, 16 Delano, William Adams, 138 Democracy in America (Tocqueville), 151 Denkyira, West Africa, 123 Descartes, René, 109, 116, 122 Deuteronomy, Book of, 52 Devon, England, 137 Devonshire, Duchess of (Deborah Vivien Cavendish), 163 Devonshire, Duke of (William George Spencer Cavendish), 155, 156 Didache, 52 Dimensions of a New Identity (Erikson), 4 Diop, Cheikh Anta, 203 Dioscorides, Pedanius, 197 Doctor Thorne (Trollope), 144 Donald, David Herbert, 151 Don Quixote (Cervantes), 115 Dorset, England, 7 Doveri dell’uomo (Mazzini), 69 Downton Abbey (TV program), 149 Dream Hoarders (Reeves), 173 Dublin, Ireland, 139, 215 Du Bois, W. E. B., 124–28, 130, 132 Dunlop, Daniel, 138, 139 Dworkin, Ronald, 177 East Asia, 120 East End (London, England), 153, 154 Eastern Europe, 77, 79, 195 East Germany, 78 East Pakistan, 78 Ecclesiastes, Book of, 52 Ecclesiasticus, Book of, 50 Edinburgh, Scotland, 86, 196 Edison, Thomas, 200 Edward III (king of England), 75 Egypt, 75, 79, 125, 192, 200, 203 Einstein, Albert, 181, 182 “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard” (Gray), 181, 182 Eliot, George, 3 Elizabeth I (queen of England), 198 Elmhirst, Dorothy, 137, 138, 160 Elmhirst, Leonard, 137, 138, 140, 160, 185 Engels, Friedrich, 158 England, 6, 7, 20, 45, 60, 61, 75, 76, 87, 88, 113, 138, 139, 142, 148, 150, 153, 158, 162, 163, 171, 189, 191, 199; see also Great Britain “English Aristocracy, The” (Mitford), 163, 164 Ephesians, Letters to, 47, 59 Erikson, Erik, 3, 4 Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races (Gobineau), 113 Esther, Book of, 52 Ethiopia, 79, 125 Euclid, 196, 207 Europe, 5, 78, 79, 87, 98, 103, 104, 107, 111, 112, 114, 117, 119, 120, 123, 125, 126, 128, 129, 133, 146, 150, 191, 192, 194, 197, 198, 201, 205, 207, 219 Eve (biblical figure), 111 Evelina (Burney), 155 Exodus, Book of, 67 Ezra, Book of, 52 Family and Kinship in East London (Young and Willmott), 153, 154, 161 Federation of Malaya, 91 Federation of Malaysia, 91 Ferguson, Missouri, 132 Filkins, England, 61 Fitzpatrick, Louisa, 138 Flanders, Michael, 21 Ford, Henry, 140 Ford, Leonard, 140 Forster, E.


pages: 319 words: 90,965

The End of College: Creating the Future of Learning and the University of Everywhere by Kevin Carey

Albert Einstein, barriers to entry, Bayesian statistics, Berlin Wall, business cycle, business intelligence, carbon-based life, Claude Shannon: information theory, complexity theory, David Heinemeier Hansson, declining real wages, deliberate practice, discrete time, disruptive innovation, double helix, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, Downton Abbey, Drosophila, Firefox, Frank Gehry, Google X / Alphabet X, informal economy, invention of the printing press, inventory management, John Markoff, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, low skilled workers, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, meta analysis, meta-analysis, natural language processing, Network effects, open borders, pattern recognition, Peter Thiel, pez dispenser, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Ruby on Rails, Sand Hill Road, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, social web, South of Market, San Francisco, speech recognition, Steve Jobs, technoutopianism, transcontinental railway, uber lyft, Vannevar Bush

A student taking an exam remotely while being simultaneously monitored by a video camera and having her keystrokes recorded, as some online students are, is being subjected to much more scrutiny than a terrestrial student who simply shows up at a large lecture hall. Accredible certs can also include testimony from peers. Sometimes the most powerful evidence you can communicate about yourself is the endorsement of other people. Anyone who’s watched Downton Abbey on PBS will recall various moments of high drama related to whether a servant will leave the household with a personal letter of recommendation from the head butler or lady of the house. That’s largely how formal credentials worked before mass higher education. They were personal recommendations from people whose positions or social class gave them authority. The rise of the hybrid university and the general bureaucratization of things transferred much of that authority to large organizations and the people who ran them.

., 125, 148 Democratic Party, 42 Demosthenes, 25 Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), 2, 37, 70, 221 Dev Bootcamp, 139–41 Dickens, Charles, 17 Digital Equipment Corporation, 168 DiMaggio, Paul, 50, 117 Disney-Pixar, 208 DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: USA, 164 DNA, 2, 37, 70, 221 Doctorates, see PhDs Doerr, John, 153 Double helix, 3 Downes, Stephen, 150 Downton Abbey (television series), 217 Drucker, Peter, 107 Duke University, 140, 161 Dunster, Henry, 22, 197–99 Eaton, Nathaniel, 198 eBay, 145 Edison, Thomas, 96 Education, U.S. Department of, 9, 36, 56, 99, 157, 252 edX, 11, 143, 163, 170–72, 176–78, 214, 223, 231 certificates of course completion through, 203, 219, 233 controversy at Harvard over, 180 cost of course development for, 228 expansion of consortium of, 204, 244 forums moderated by teaching assistants on, 88 Lander’s lectures and course materials posted on, see Introduction to Biology—The Secret of Life (7.00x) process of signing up for classes on, 13 Eight-Year Study, The, 90 Einstein, Albert, 45 Elective system, 30–31, 47, 49, 54, 146, 197, 226 laissez-faire approach of, 76, 241 Eliot, Charles William, 29–32, 47, 49, 54, 65, 76, 138, 185, 239 Elite private institutions, 53–55, 134–36, 229, 241, 253 admissions process of, 161, 195, 212–13, 215, 245 high schools, 90, 195 international, 143 online sharing of resources by, 170 status competition among, 165 See also specific universities Emergence of the American University, The (Veysey), 34 Engelbart, Douglas, 122–26, 156 Engels, Friedrich, 45 Enlightenment, 26 Equifax, 200 Ericsson, K.


pages: 401 words: 93,256

Alchemy: The Dark Art and Curious Science of Creating Magic in Brands, Business, and Life by Rory Sutherland

3D printing, Alfred Russel Wallace, barriers to entry, basic income, Black Swan, butterfly effect, California gold rush, call centre, Captain Sullenberger Hudson, Cass Sunstein, cognitive dissonance, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, Dava Sobel, delayed gratification, Donald Trump, double helix, Downton Abbey, Elon Musk, Firefox, George Akerlof, gig economy, Google Chrome, Google X / Alphabet X, Grace Hopper, Hyperloop, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, IKEA effect, information asymmetry, James Dyson, John Harrison: Longitude, loss aversion, low cost airline, Mason jar, Murray Gell-Mann, Peter Thiel, placebo effect, race to the bottom, Richard Feynman, Richard Thaler, Rory Sutherland, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, social intelligence, Steve Jobs, supply-chain management, the map is not the territory, The Market for Lemons, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, ultimatum game, universal basic income, Upton Sinclair, US Airways Flight 1549, Veblen good

Are we bizarrely cherishing numbers or models over simple observation, because the former look more objective? Always Remember to Scent the Soap Over the past hundred years, huge improvements in human hygiene have resulted from better levels of sanitation and a growing urge to maintain the appearance of cleanliness, which has brought about a significant change in human behaviour. When Downton Abbey first appeared in 2010, a British newspaper interviewed a nonagenarian aristocrat to ask her whether it faithfully reproduced her memories of the pre-war British country house. ‘Well there’s one thing it doesn’t tell you,’ she explained. ‘Back then, the servants literally stank.’ And in the early twentieth century, when it was proposed to install baths for the undergraduates in one Cambridge college, an elderly fellow was having none of this: ‘What do the undergraduates need baths for?

*Try going to your next job interview and performing magnificently in every way, but insisting on wearing a hat throughout. I’m willing to bet that you won’t get the job. Unless, of course, you can persuade another candidate to do the same. *Also known as the asymmetric dominance effect. *The two problems were quite possibly connected – the sparks and flames came from lumps of wholemeal bread that had become trapped inside. *The latter is now better known as Downton Abbey. *As well as a free bread slicer left behind by the previous occupants. *Including Buckingham Palace. *American readers of this book might like to visit the website Wright On The Market, which lists the current Frank Lloyd Wright properties for sale. *The apartment on the floor below would cost £200,000 more than ours, largely for this reason. *Such as property, beaches or spouses.


pages: 327 words: 88,121

The Vanishing Neighbor: The Transformation of American Community by Marc J. Dunkelman

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, assortative mating, Berlin Wall, big-box store, blue-collar work, Bretton Woods, Broken windows theory, business cycle, call centre, clean water, cuban missile crisis, dark matter, David Brooks, delayed gratification, different worldview, double helix, Downton Abbey, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Filter Bubble, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, George Santayana, Gini coefficient, glass ceiling, global supply chain, global village, helicopter parent, if you build it, they will come, impulse control, income inequality, invention of movable type, Jane Jacobs, Khyber Pass, Louis Pasteur, Marshall McLuhan, McMansion, Nate Silver, obamacare, Occupy movement, Peter Thiel, post-industrial society, Richard Florida, rolodex, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Skype, social intelligence, Stanford marshmallow experiment, Steve Jobs, telemarketer, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the medium is the message, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, urban decay, urban planning, Walter Mischel, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, World Values Survey, zero-sum game

As Wood illustrated, by the late eighteenth century, much of America—particularly the colonies in New England—had evolved away from the “lord of the manor”–type community prevalent in Britain. The new social architecture centered more on ties that bound together the residents of individual towns and villages. Rather than have a local nobleman keep watch over a district, as in England, the cohort of Americans living nearby took joint responsibility for their collective well-being. Many colonists had moved away from the social architecture depicted later in Downton Abbey and toward something more like that portrayed in Little House on the Prairie.5 And because that sort of community wouldn’t abide the heavy hand of a monarch—communities working collaboratively were less interested in taking orders from on high—the founding generation designed and embraced an alternative kind of government, reflected in the Constitution, that was more appropriate to colonial American life.

., xiii, 194, 234 corporations, 16, 48, 101, 107, 132, 141, 165 Cowen, Tyler, 173–74 cowpox, 158, 159 creative class, 23, 83, 175 creativity, 61, 68, 158–66, 175, 237 Crick, Francis, 161–62, 173 crime, 56–57, 60, 83, 84, 87, 114, 150, 151, 216, 224 Cronkite, Walter, 188 culture wars, 69, 114 Cushing, Robert, 47–48, 147 Daily Show, The (TV show), 232 Dallas Mavericks, 8–11 data, 6–10, 13, 18, 37, 119, 161 dating services, 68–70 Davidson, Adam, 19 death, 57, 60, 199, 200, 205 premature, 58, 60 Death and Life of American Cities, The (Jacobs), 85–86, 166 debt, xv–xvi, 54 deliberative polling, 192–93, 195 democracy, 67, 179, 188, 192–95, 230 Democracy in America (Tocqueville), 80, 247n, 358n Democrats, 15, 37–38, 46, 182–86 demographics, 38, 68–69 growth of suburbs and, 129 health care and, 198, 210 shopping and, 39, 40 dependence, 29, 201, 208 de Posada, Joaquim, 215 desires, 13, 61–62, 66, 67, 71, 72, 73, 75, 120, 195, 212 affirmation and, 103, 107, 108 Detroit, Mich., 128, 175 digital revolution, xiii, 18, 20, 24–25, 50, 55, 129, 138 affirmation and, 103–4 Chinatown Bus effect and, 35–38, 41 discussion networks, 105, 119 disease, 57–60, 157–59, 199–200, 206–7 polio, 51, 52, 59 smallpox, 157–58 diversity, 72, 136, 165, 166, 171–72, 175, 217 see also social diversity divorce, 43, 69, 71, 105, 261n no-fault, 17, 30–31 Downton Abbey (TV show), xii, 247n Dr Pepper advertisement, 102–3 Drucker, Peter, 15 drug abuse, 56, 114, 215 drugs (medication), 58, 59, 147–48, 207 Dubner, Stephen, 133–34 Duckworth, Angela, 217 Dunbar, Kevin, 169 Dunbar, Robin, 91–98, 116, 142, 143, 145, 152 Dunbar’s number, 94, 98, 143, 145 Dunedin, New Zealand, 215–16 Dunham, Lena, 30 Dunkelman, Marc J. (author): at Mary Mac’s Tea Room, 136–37 childhood move of, ix–xi family shopping of, 38–39, 41 father’s hitchhiking and, 132–33 du Pont, Pierre, 187 dynamism, 165–77, 231, 232, 236 economic growth, xv, xviii, xix, 3, 56, 67, 153, 177–81 in Barbados vs.


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A Generation of Sociopaths: How the Baby Boomers Betrayed America by Bruce Cannon Gibney

1960s counterculture, 2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, Bernie Madoff, Bernie Sanders, Bretton Woods, business cycle, buy and hold, carbon footprint, Charles Lindbergh, cognitive dissonance, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collateralized debt obligation, corporate personhood, Corrections Corporation of America, currency manipulation / currency intervention, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, dark matter, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, ending welfare as we know it, equal pay for equal work, failed state, financial deregulation, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, future of work, gender pay gap, gig economy, Haight Ashbury, Home mortgage interest deduction, Hyperloop, illegal immigration, impulse control, income inequality, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, Kitchen Debate, labor-force participation, Long Term Capital Management, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, market bubble, mass immigration, mass incarceration, McMansion, medical bankruptcy, Menlo Park, Mont Pelerin Society, moral hazard, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, neoliberal agenda, Network effects, obamacare, offshore financial centre, oil shock, operation paperclip, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, price stability, quantitative easing, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, rent control, ride hailing / ride sharing, risk tolerance, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Reagan, Rubik’s Cube, school choice, secular stagnation, self-driving car, shareholder value, short selling, side project, Silicon Valley, smart grid, Snapchat, source of truth, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, survivorship bias, TaskRabbit, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Tim Cook: Apple, too big to fail, War on Poverty, white picket fence, Whole Earth Catalog, women in the workforce, Y2K, Yom Kippur War, zero-sum game

CHAPTER FIFTEEN THE WAGES OF SIN From 1989 until 2007, median wealth increased for families headed by someone over age 50, rose somewhat for families headed by someone between 35–49, and stayed much the same for younger families… Marketable wealth—the measure used in this analysis—significantly understates the resources of a family that expects much of its retirement income to come from Social Security or defined benefit pension plans. —Congressional Budget Office (2016)1 One of the more curious artifacts of the Boomer decades is luxury voyeurism, a phenomenon that began in 1984 with the Lifestyles of the Rich and Famous and continued through the various Real Housewives series and Downton Abbey. The last is at least nakedly fictional, though no less bizarre for it: an antimodern melodrama of entitled toffs, stately homes, and dubious-though-usually-deferent staff, and generally celebrates the very system of antidemocratic immobility against which America had originally rebelled. Downton manages to affront both the nation’s liberal origins and, given its theme and state sponsorship (PBS), also runs counter to the muddled anti-elite, anti-government populism of the Republican proletariat.

The gig economy and other “alternative work arrangements” accounted for quite a lot of recent job growth, probably at least a third of all jobs created, and per preliminary findings by Harvard’s Lawrence Katz and Princeton’s Alan Krueger, perhaps “all of the net employment growth in the U.S. economy from 2005–2015 appears to have occurred in alternative work arrangements” (emphasis original; in a recent update, the authors revised “all” to a no-less-unsettling “94 percent”).17 And this returns us to Downton Abbey—before World War I, huge numbers of English were employed “in service,” thanks to social inertia, inequality, and technological change. With gigs, this is happening again, only now the chauffeur comes in the livery of Lyft’s pink moustache, not Downton’s white tails. And this time, there will be no intermarriage between passenger and driver à la Lady Sybil and Tom, especially in the coming decades when the driver becomes a robot.

Other exemptions can be reduced or abolished, including the “step-up” basis at death, a loophole that directs the IRS to exclude any qualifying gains that accrued during a giver’s lifetime, which can be most of them.* When Britain decided its parasitic and antidemocratic gentry needed to go, the mechanism was “death duties.” That was a century ago; certainly twenty-first-century America can be at least as progressive as Edwardian Britain. Why, precisely, do the senior viewers of PBS care so much about how Downton Abbey will survive the predations of Lloyd George and his death duties? Because Boomers have their own McDowntons to worry about. Even before they change hands, American McDowntons are already protected by some generationally discriminatory exemptions that themselves deserve revision, especially the property tax caps enacted since the 1970s. The Boomers have long profited from these anomalies at the expense of schools, infrastructure, and the residential aspirations of younger Americans.


pages: 357 words: 98,853

Junk DNA: A Journey Through the Dark Matter of the Genome by Nessa Carey

dark matter, discovery of DNA, double helix, Downton Abbey, Drosophila, epigenetics, Kickstarter, mouse model, phenotype, placebo effect, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs

This was especially true for the studies where function was inferred either from the presence of epigenetic modifications or from other physical characteristics of the DNA and its associated proteins. Potential versus actual The sceptics argue that at best these data indicate a potential for a region to be functional, and that this is too vague to be useful. An analogy might help here. Imagine an enormous mansion, but one where the owners have fallen on hard times and the power has been disconnected. Think Downton Abbey in the hands of a very bad gambler. There could be 200 rooms and five light switches in each room. Each switch could potentially turn on a bulb, but it may be that some of the switches were never wired up (aristocrats are not known for their electrical talents), or the associated bulb is broken. Just because the switches are on the walls, and can be flicked between the on and off positions, it doesn’t actually tell us that they will really make a difference to the level of light in the room.

We agree, many textbooks dealing with marketing, mass media hype, and public relations may well have to be rewritten.15 The main criticisms from this counter-blast centred around the definition of function, the way that the ENCODE authors analysed their data, and the conclusions drawn about evolutionary pressures. The first of these applied to the problems we have already described, using our Jackson Pollock and Downton Abbey analogies. In some ways, these problems derive in large part from difficulties in separating mathematics from biology. The ENCODE data sets were predominantly interpreted by the original authors through the use of statistical and mathematical approaches. The sceptics argue that this leads us down a blind alley, because it doesn’t take into account biological relationships, and that these are critically important.


pages: 289

Hustle and Gig: Struggling and Surviving in the Sharing Economy by Alexandrea J. Ravenelle

"side hustle", active transport: walking or cycling, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, Amazon Mechanical Turk, barriers to entry, basic income, Broken windows theory, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, cashless society, Clayton Christensen, clean water, collaborative consumption, collective bargaining, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, disruptive innovation, Downton Abbey, East Village, Erik Brynjolfsson, full employment, future of work, gig economy, Howard Zinn, income inequality, informal economy, job automation, low skilled workers, Lyft, minimum wage unemployment, Mitch Kapor, Network effects, new economy, New Urbanism, obamacare, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, passive income, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer model, performance metric, precariat, rent control, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, strikebreaker, TaskRabbit, telemarketer, the payments system, Tim Cook: Apple, transaction costs, Travis Kalanick, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, ubercab, universal basic income, Upton Sinclair, urban planning, very high income, white flight, working poor, Zipcar

Very successful gig economy workers may even manage to outsource their work—at least until the platforms ban such activities.23 With all of the outsourcing going on, it was perhaps just a matter of time before the criminal element also got involved. As part of the casualization of labor, work is being returned to the home. Between hiring a Kitchensurfing personal chef, using a TaskRabbit assistant to clean one’s home, and booking a driver via Uber, middle-class homes in New York City are beginning to oddly resemble the world of Downton Abbey, but with the addition of modern clothing and without the pesky need to personally house one’s servants.24 It’s true that for the wealthy, hiring help has long been a part of life, but the app-based gig economy has made it easier and cheaper for the middle class to hire servants.25 However, whereas an upper-class home with help often had multiple workers simultaneously who could share stories and advice, today’s gig economy workers are much more isolated.

Describing himself as a servant highlights the challenges that Joe experiences with respect to his customers. Historically, servants were expected to keep the family’s secrets. In Not in Front of the Servants: A True Portrait of English Upstairs/Downstairs Life, Frank Dawes explains that “the upper class relied on the total discretion of those who served them, a trust that was rarely misplaced.”26 The implementation of a modern-day Downton Abbey workplace can leave workers uncertain of the protocols. What is expected of them? In modern society, many professionals are mandatory reporters, individuals who are required by law to report abuse. But in a servant economy, discretion rules the day. Where do gig workers fall in this dichotomy? Joe’s discussion of the lack of policies in place also raises interesting issues. Although modern workplaces are often ridiculed for their hefty employee manuals, there’s something to be said for the coverture provided by rules and regulations.


Pale Rider: The Spanish Flu of 1918 and How It Changed the World by Laura Spinney

Albert Einstein, British Empire, colonial rule, dark matter, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, experimental subject, Francisco Pizarro, global pandemic, Hernando de Soto, invisible hand, John Snow's cholera map, Louis Pasteur, Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, placebo effect, trade route, urban renewal

The range of academics who show an interest in it is now very broad, and it isn’t just academics. In the twenty-first century–a century in which writers have firmly embraced illness as a subject worthy of treatment, alongside love, jealousy and battle–the Spanish flu has finally penetrated popular culture, providing plot lines for novels, movies and TV dramas.1 In the popular British TV series Downton Abbey, for example, three main characters catch Spanish flu in April 1919, and one dies of it. In 1921, American sociologist James Thompson compared the fallout of the Black Death with that of the First World War.2 The Spanish flu would arguably have been a more natural reference for comparison with the other plague, and yet only two years after it, it didn’t occur to him to use it. Nor did the Spanish flu register on Ziegler’s historical radar when he cited Thompson’s paper nearly fifty years later.

., Jr 87, 108–9 Corbusier, Le (Charles-Édouard Jeanneret) 123–4 Cordeiro, José Luís (Jamanta) 54 cordons sanitaires see ‘sanitary cordons’ Correio de Manh (newspaper) 54 Correo de Zamora, El (newspaper) 79, 81, 82, 83 Corriere della Sera (newspaper) 102 Cortés, Hernán 21, 22 cowpox vaccine 98 Crazy Horse, Chief 145 crime 100, 106, 127, 130, 136, 138, 139–40, 153, 155, 231, 233 Crosby, Alfred: America’s Forgotten Pandemic 43, 99, 262 ‘crowd diseases’ 16, 18–19, 23, 25 Cruz, Oswaldo 53, 268 Cuba 80 Cunard, Nancy 265 cytokines 192–3, 195, 217 Czechoslovakia 42, 267 Dakar, Senegal 49, 50 Dangs, the 203 Darwin, Charles: On the Origin of Species 28–9 De Beers Company 77 Defoe, Daniel: Journal of the Plague Year 136 dementia 220, 226, 242 Demerara, SS 41, 49–50 dengue fever 20, 67 Denmark 64, 201–2 depression 24, 264, 265 post-flu/post-viral 24, 218–20, 264, 265, 283 Desai, Dayalji 257, 259 De Simone, Raffaele 109–10 Diaghilev, Sergei 41 digitalis 123 Dillingham, Alaska 142, 143, 144, 146, 149, 190 disease surveillance systems 92–3, 96, 278, 279, 283 ‘disgust response’ 89–90 disinfectant, use of 97, 100 DNA 31, 184, 185, 201 Doane, Lt Philip S. 76 doctors 137–8, 240, 241, 243 Dodge, Captain Frederick 144, 145, 148 dogs 197 Don Juan 267–8 Don Juan Tenorio 267 Dos Passos, John 262 Downton Abbey (TV) 291 Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan 237 ‘drift’ 185, 196 ‘Dr Kilmer’s Swamp-Root’ 124 drugs 76, 121–3, 124 see also antibiotics Dublin 43 Duchamp, Marcel 3 ducks 18, 188–9, 199 Dujarric de la Rivière, René 172–3, 176, 177–9, 180, 181 Durban, South Africa 77, 204 Dyer, Brigadier General Reginald 259–60 dysentery 168, 169 Earhart, Amelia 218 Ebey, Adam 215 Ebey, Alice 215 Ebola 17, 18, 61, 90, 231, 275, 292 EC see European Commission Edel, Harold 105 Edgar, Robert 227 Egypt 19, 254 Einstein, Alfred 237 EL see encephalitis lethargica El Niño-Southern oscillation (ENSO) 276–7 electron microscopes 184, 190 micrograph of flu virus 272–3 electrons 184 elephants 89–90 Eliot, T.


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The Human City: Urbanism for the Rest of Us by Joel Kotkin

autonomous vehicles, blue-collar work, British Empire, carbon footprint, Celebration, Florida, citizen journalism, colonial rule, crony capitalism, deindustrialization, Deng Xiaoping, Downton Abbey, edge city, Edward Glaeser, financial independence, Frank Gehry, Gini coefficient, Google bus, housing crisis, illegal immigration, income inequality, informal economy, Jane Jacobs, labor-force participation, land reform, life extension, market bubble, mass immigration, McMansion, megacity, new economy, New Urbanism, Own Your Own Home, peak oil, pensions crisis, Peter Calthorpe, post-industrial society, RAND corporation, Richard Florida, rising living standards, Ronald Reagan, Seaside, Florida, self-driving car, Shenzhen was a fishing village, Silicon Valley, starchitect, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, the built environment, trade route, transit-oriented development, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Victor Gruen, Whole Earth Catalog, women in the workforce, young professional

The loss of these industries has accelerated the growth of inequality, with many blue-collar workers in suddenly “hip” neighborhoods such as Williamsburg often finding themselves forced out of the city by a difficult admixture of high rents and reduced opportunities.86 As I touched on in previous chapters, we are beginning to see—in the most successful global cities in particular—an era reminiscent of the Victorian period, when a huge proportion of workers labored in the servile class. Social historian Pamela Cox explains that in 1901, one in four people, mostly women, were domestic servants. This is the world so popularly portrayed in TV shows such as Downton Abbey and Upstairs, Downstairs, but is this the social form we wish to promote?87 Today, as opportunities for middle-class families disappear, more people are earning a living serving the wealthy and their needs as nannies, restaurant employees, dog walkers, and other service workers. This can be seen, for example, in the city of New York, where over one-third of workers labor in low-wage service jobs, a portion that has increased steadily throughout the economic recovery, according to a recent study by the Center for an Urban Future.88 Another key driver of the new global city is the abundance of inherited and rentier wealth.

de BARY, William Theodore, CHAN, Wing-Tsit and WATSON, Burton. (1960). The Sources of Chinese Tradition, New York: Columbia University Press. de CASTELLA, Tom. (2011, October 25). “Eight radical solutions to the housing crisis,” BBC News Magazine, http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-15400477. de LACEY, Martha. (2012, September 25). “The REAL Story of Britain’s servant class,” Daily Mail, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2207935/Downton-Abbey-servants-New-BBC-series-Servants-The-True-Story-Life-Below-Stairs.html. de PAULO, Bella. (2006). Singled Out: How Singles are Stereotyped, Stigmatized and Ignored, and Still Live Happily Ever After, New York: St. Martins/Griffin. de VRIES, Jan. (1984). European Urbanization 1500-1800, London: Routledge. DEAN, Jason. (2006, December 18). “How Capitalist Transformation Exposes Holes in China’s Government,” Wall Street Journal, http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB116639648334652910.


pages: 371 words: 108,317

The Inevitable: Understanding the 12 Technological Forces That Will Shape Our Future by Kevin Kelly

A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, AI winter, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, Amazon Web Services, augmented reality, bank run, barriers to entry, Baxter: Rethink Robotics, bitcoin, blockchain, book scanning, Brewster Kahle, Burning Man, cloud computing, commoditize, computer age, connected car, crowdsourcing, dark matter, dematerialisation, Downton Abbey, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Filter Bubble, Freestyle chess, game design, Google Glasses, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, index card, indoor plumbing, industrial robot, Internet Archive, Internet of things, invention of movable type, invisible hand, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, John Markoff, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, lifelogging, linked data, Lyft, M-Pesa, Marc Andreessen, Marshall McLuhan, means of production, megacity, Minecraft, Mitch Kapor, multi-sided market, natural language processing, Netflix Prize, Network effects, new economy, Nicholas Carr, old-boy network, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer lending, personalized medicine, placebo effect, planetary scale, postindustrial economy, recommendation engine, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Rodney Brooks, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, slashdot, Snapchat, social graph, social web, software is eating the world, speech recognition, Stephen Hawking, Steven Levy, Ted Nelson, the scientific method, transport as a service, two-sided market, Uber for X, uber lyft, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, Whole Earth Review, zero-sum game

Technologies that provided audiences with the ability to interact with stories and news—to time shift, play later, rewind, probe, link, save, clip, cut and paste—enabled long forms as well as short forms. Film directors started creating motion pictures that were not a series of sitcoms, but a massive sustained narrative that took years to tell. These vast epics, like Lost, Battlestar Galactica, The Sopranos, Downton Abbey, and The Wire, had multiple interweaving plotlines, multiple protagonists, and an incredible depth of characters, and these sophisticated works demanded sustained attention that was not only beyond previous TV and 90-minute movies, but would have shocked Dickens and other novelists of yore. Dickens would have marveled back then: “You mean the audience could follow all that, and then want more?

See also advertising commodity attention, 177–79 commodity prices, 189 communications and decentralization, 118–19, 129–31 and dematerialization, 110–11 and free markets, 146 inevitable aspects of, 3 oral communication, 204 and platforms, 125 complexity and digital storage capacity, 265–66 computers, 128, 231 connectivity, 276, 292, 294–95 consumer data, 256 content creation advertisements, 184–85 custom music, 77 early questions about, 17 and editors, 148–51, 152, 153 and emergence of user-generated content, 19, 21–22, 184–85, 269–74, 276 and Google search engines, 146–47 and hierarchical/nonhierarchical infrastructures, 148–54 impulse for, 22–23 and screen culture, 88 and sharing economy, 139 value of, 149 convergence, 291, 296 cookies, 180, 254 cooperation, 139–40, 146, 151 copper prices, 189 copying digital data and copy protection, 73 and creative remixing, 206–9 and file sharing sites, 136 free/ubiquitous flow of, 61–62, 66–68, 80, 256 generatives that add value to, 68–73 and reproductive imperative, 87 and uncopiable values, 67–68 copyright, 207–8 corporate monopolies, 294 coveillance, 259–64 Cox, Michael, 286–87 Craigslist, 145 Creative Commons licensing, 136, 139 crowdfunding, 156–61 crowdsourcing, 185 Cunningham, Ward, 135–36 curators, 150, 167, 183 customer support, 21 cyberconflict, 252, 275 dark energy and matter, 284 “dark” information, 258 Darwin, Charles, 243 data analysis and lifelogging, 250–51 “database cinema,” 200 data informing artificial intelligence, 39, 40 decentralization, 118–21 and answer-generating technologies, 289 and bottom-up participation, 154 and collaboration, 142, 143 of communication systems, 129–31 and digital socialism, 137 and emergence of the “holos,” 295 and online advertising, 182–85 and platforms, 125 and startups, 116–17 and top-down vs. bottom-up management, 153 Deep Blue, 41 deep-learning algorithms, 40 DeepMind, 32, 37, 40 deep reinforcement machine learning, 32–33 dematerialization, 110–14, 125, 131 diagnoses and diagnostic technology, 31–32, 239, 243–44 diaries and lifelogging, 248–49 Dick, Philip K., 255 diet tracking, 238 Digg, 136, 149 digitization of data, 258 directional sense, 243 discoverability, 72–73, 101 DNA sequencing, 69 documentaries, updating of, 82 domain names, 25–26 Doritos, 185 Downton Abbey (series), 282 drones, 227, 252 Dropbox, 32 drug research, 241 DVDs, 205 Dyson, Esther, 186 Eagleman, David, 225 e-banks, 254 eBay, 154, 158, 185, 263, 272, 274 ebooks and readers, 91–96 and accessibility vs. ownership, 112 advantages of, 93–95 bookshelves for, 100 fluidities of, 79 interconnectedness of, 95–96, 98, 99–100, 101–2, 104 and just-in-time purchasing, 65 liquidity of, 93 tagging content in, 98 and tracking technology, 254 echo chambers, 170 economy, 21, 65, 67–68, 136–38, 193 ecosystems of interdependent products and services, 123–24 editors, 148–51, 152, 153 education, 90, 232 Einstein, Albert, 288 electrical outlets, 253 email, 186–87, 239–40 embedded technology, 221 embodiment, 71, 224 emergent phenomena, 276–77, 295–97 emotion recognition, 220 employment and displaced workers, 49–50, 57–58 Eno, Brian, 221 entertainment costs, 190 epic failures, 278 e-retailers, 253 etiquette, social, 3–4 evolution, 247 e-wallets, 254 experience, value of, 190 expertise, 279 exports, U.S., 62 extraordinary events, 277–79 eye tracking, 219–20 Facebook and aggregated information, 147 and artificial intelligence, 32, 39, 40 and “click-dreaming,” 280 cloud of, 128, 129 and collaboration, 273 and consumer attention system, 179, 184 and creative remixing, 199, 203 face recognition of, 39, 254 and filtering systems, 170, 171 flows of posts through, 63 and future searchability, 24 and interactivity, 235 and intermediation of content, 150 and lifestreaming, 246 and likes, 140 nonhierarchical infrastructure of, 152 number of users, 143, 144 as platform ecosystem, 123 and sharing economy, 139, 144, 145 and tracking technology, 239–40 and user-generated content, 21–22, 109, 138 facial recognition, 39, 40, 43, 220, 254 fan fiction, 194, 210 fear of technology, 191 Felton, Nicholas, 239–40 Fifield, William, 288 films and film industry, 196–99, 201–2 filtering, 165–91 and advertising, 179–89 differing approaches to, 168–75 filter bubble, 170 and storage capacity, 165–67 and superabundance of choices, 167–68 and value of attention, 175–79 findability of information, 203–7 firewalls, 294 first-in-line access, 68 first-person view (FPV), 227 fitness tracking, 238, 246, 255 fixity, 78–81 Flickr, 139, 199 Flows and flowing, 61–83 and engagement of users, 81–82 and free/ubiquitous copies, 61–62, 66–68 and generative values, 68–73 move from fixity to, 78–81 in real time, 64–65 and screen culture, 88 and sharing, 8 stages of, 80–81 streaming, 66, 74–75, 82 and users’ creations, 73–74, 75–78 fluidity, 66, 79, 282 food as service (FaS), 113–14 footnotes, 201 411 information service, 285 Foursquare, 139, 246 fraud, 184 freelancers (prosumers), 113, 115, 116–17, 148, 149 Freeman, Eric, 244–45 fungibility of digital data, 195 future, blindness to, 14–22 Galaxy phones, 219 gatekeepers, 167 Gates, Bill, 135, 136 gaze tracking, 219–20 Gelernter, David, 244–46 General Electric, 160 generatives, 68–73 genetics, 69, 238, 284 Gibson, William, 214 gifs, 195 global connectivity, 275, 276, 292 gluten, 241 GM, 185 goods, fixed, 62, 65 Google AdSense ads, 179–81 and artificial intelligence, 32, 36–37, 40 book scanning projects, 208 cloud of, 128, 129 and consumer attention system, 179, 184 and coveillance, 262 and facial recognition technology, 254 and filtering systems, 172, 188 and future searchability, 24 Google Drive, 126 Google Glass, 217, 224, 247, 250 Google Now, 287 Google Photo, 43 and intellectual property law, 208–9 and lifelogging, 250–51, 254 and lifestreaming, 247–48 and photo captioning, 51 quantity of searches, 285–86 and smart technology, 223–25 translator apps of, 51 and users’ usage patterns, 21, 146–47 and virtual reality technology, 215, 216–17 and visual intelligence, 203 government, 167, 175–76, 252, 255, 261–64 GPS technology, 226, 274 graphics processing units (GPU), 38–39, 40 Greene, Alan, 31–32, 238 grocery shopping, 62, 253 Guinness Book of World Records, 278 hackers, 252 Hall, Storrs, 264–65 Halo, 227 Hammerbacher, Jeff, 280 hand motion tracking, 222 haptic feedback, 233–34 harassment, online, 264 hard singularity, 296 Harry Potter series, 204, 209–10 Hartsell, Camille, 252 hashtags, 140 Hawking, Stephen, 44 health-related websites, 179–81 health tracking, 173, 238–40, 250 heat detection, 226 hierarchies, 148–54, 289 High Fidelity, 219 Hinton, Geoff, 40 historical documents, 101 hive mind, 153, 154, 272, 281 Hockney, David, 155 Hollywood films, 196–99 holodeck simulations, 211–12 HoloLens, 216 the “holos,” 292–97 home surveillance, 253 HotWired, 18, 149, 150 humanity, defining, 48–49 hyperlinking antifacts highlighted by, 279 of books, 95, 99 of cloud data, 125–26 and creative remixing, 201–2 early theories on, 18–19, 21 and Google search engines, 146–47 IBM, 30–31, 40, 41, 128, 287 identity passwords, 220, 235 IMAX technology, 211, 217 implantable technology, 225 indexing data, 258 individualism, 271 industrialization, 49–50, 57 industrial revolution, 189 industrial robots, 52–53 information production, 257–64.


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Kitten Clone: Inside Alcatel-Lucent by Douglas Coupland

British Empire, cable laying ship, Claude Shannon: information theory, cosmic microwave background, Downton Abbey, Hibernia Atlantic: Project Express, hiring and firing, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, Marshall McLuhan, oil shale / tar sands, pre–internet, Richard Feynman, Silicon Valley, Skype, Steve Jobs, Turing machine, undersea cable, upwardly mobile, urban planning, Wall-E

I’ve noticed something else: to people born before 1945, a phone call after about 8:00 in the evening creates a sense of dread—it could only be terrible news. Similarly, a paper letter in one’s postal mailbox from a friend or relative can be actually kind of disturbing: Have they gone off their meds? Is there something psycho inside the envelope? But speed, be it physical or optical—a TGV ride into Paris or Season Two of Downton Abbey shooting into your Dell—is, if nothing else, addictive. We all know the feeling, after using a new computer for a few weeks, of staring with pity at our previous computer, knowing to the very core of our beings that we could never go back to using that old laptop ever, ever, ever again. Speed is irreversibly addictive. Memory and processing power are also irreversibly addictive. How often have you considered taking an Internet-free holiday only to find yourself crumbling on day two, hunched over a keypad in an Internet café, quivering with the power of reconnecting like a junkie getting a fix?


pages: 385 words: 121,550

Three Years in Hell: The Brexit Chronicles by Fintan O'Toole

airport security, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, blockchain, Bob Geldof, Boris Johnson, British Empire, centre right, cognitive dissonance, congestion charging, deindustrialization, deliberate practice, Dominic Cummings, Donald Trump, Double Irish / Dutch Sandwich, Downton Abbey, Etonian, eurozone crisis, facts on the ground, Fall of the Berlin Wall, first-past-the-post, full employment, income inequality, l'esprit de l'escalier, labour mobility, late capitalism, open borders, Slavoj Žižek, South China Sea, technoutopianism, zero-sum game

He has a streak of Churchill’s brilliant opportunism and reckless charm, but he does not have behind him the national consensus that an existential struggle created behind Churchill and he is, in everything but girth, a lightweight. It is not even clear that the Brexit coalition can itself hold together in any meaningful way. It is, after all, a weird conjunction. Brexit is not so much a peasants’ revolt as a deeply strange peasants’ – and – landlords’ revolt. It is a Downton Abbey fantasy of toffs and servants all mucking in together. But when the toffs, as the slogan goes, ‘take back control’, the underlings will quickly discover that a fantasy is exactly what it is. The disaffected working-class voter in Sunderland, rightly angry about being economically marginalised and politically disenfranchised, will wait in vain for the magical billions that are supposedly going to be repatriated from Brussels to drop from the clear blue skies of a free England.

It devastates older, poorer, unhealthier people in rural areas – precisely the most enthusiastic Trump voters. And it benefits younger, healthier, better-off people in cities – most of whom voted for Hillary Clinton. If this is populist, tattoo a gorilla on my chest and call me Conor McGregor. The truth, of course, is that the Trump administration’s policies of transferring unprecedented amounts of money and power from the poor to the ultra-rich are so elitist they make Downton Abbey look like Shameless. Exactly how Brexit will play out is less obvious for now. But there is little doubt that, when the dust settles, many of the JAMs will not be managing at all. Economic insecurity and inequality will rise still further. The nonpartisan Institute for Fiscal Studies reckons real median incomes will not grow at all in the next two years. Average real incomes (after housing costs) for the poorest 15 per cent are actually set to fall.


pages: 165 words: 47,193

The End of Work: Why Your Passion Can Become Your Job by John Tamny

Albert Einstein, Andy Kessler, asset allocation, barriers to entry, basic income, Bernie Sanders, cloud computing, commoditize, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, Downton Abbey, future of work, George Gilder, haute cuisine, income inequality, Jeff Bezos, knowledge economy, Mark Zuckerberg, Peter Thiel, profit motive, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Stephen Hawking, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, There's no reason for any individual to have a computer in his home - Ken Olsen, trickle-down economics, universal basic income, upwardly mobile, Yogi Berra

The nominees for best actress in a drama included Claire Danes (Homeland—Showtime), Keri Russell (The Americans—FX), Robin Wright (House of Cards—Netflix), Tatiana Maslany (Orphan Black—BBC America), Viola Davis (How to Get Away with Murder—ABC), and Taraji P. Henson (Empire—Fox). Of the twelve nominees in that major category, only two were from the four major networks. Of the seven nominees for best comedy, just two were network shows—Modern Family and Black-ish (both ABC properties). It was even worse in the category of best drama. Other than PBS’s Downton Abbey, none of the shows nominated aired on the traditional networks.32 We’re seeing with television what we saw with restaurants: as our society becomes more affluent, stimulating the demand for what were once luxuries—like high-quality television you have to pay for—producers will emerge to meet that demand, catering to all ages and tastes. As New York magazine observes, “flashy TV projects roll out with almost numbing regularity now.”33 There’s more to quality TV, in other words, than PBS.


pages: 505 words: 133,661

Who Owns England?: How We Lost Our Green and Pleasant Land, and How to Take It Back by Guy Shrubsole

back-to-the-land, Beeching cuts, Boris Johnson, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, centre right, congestion charging, deindustrialization, digital map, do-ocracy, Downton Abbey, financial deregulation, fixed income, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, Google Earth, housing crisis, James Dyson, Kickstarter, land reform, land tenure, land value tax, linked data, loadsamoney, mega-rich, mutually assured destruction, new economy, Occupy movement, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, openstreetmap, place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, profit motive, rent-seeking, Right to Buy, Ronald Reagan, sceptred isle, Stewart Brand, the built environment, the map is not the territory, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trickle-down economics, urban sprawl, web of trust, Yom Kippur War, zero-sum game

Beside the road, he proposed building 1,600 houses, a hotel and an 18-hole golf course. As the new bypass was likely to fill up within a few years, he suggested that a second road should also pass through the estate.’ Other landowners along the route of the road were similarly craven. The Earl of Carnarvon, owner of Highclere Castle to the south of Newbury – made famous as the setting of the series Downton Abbey – told conservationist Charles Clover that ‘he had been behind a bypass for the past 40 years’, but admitted that he ‘did not know how much his son, Lord Porchester, had received for the sale of the site of a service station on the proposed new bypass.’ To Clover, ‘the saga of the Newbury bypass is about more than a road … It raises questions about whether we place sufficient value on our country’s human and natural history.’

., The Man In The High Castle 140 Dickens, Charles: A Tale of Two Cities 112; Great Expectations 255 ‘Dig for Victory’ 33 the Diggers 78–9, 210–13, 214, 215, 216, 232 Diocesan Boards of Finance 66 Director of Public Prosecutions 34 Domesday Book (1086) 25–6, 43, 49, 64, 76, 77, 269 Domesday Office 32 Doré, Gustav 214 Dorset, Maiden Castle 59 Douglas-Home, Alec 102 Dover 235–7 Dover Immigration Removal Centre 236–7 Downe, Richard Dawnay, 12th Viscount 248n Downton Abbey (TV series) 9 Drax, Richard (Richard Grosvenor Plunkett-Ernle-Drax) 21 Driver, Alasdair 247, 280–1 Drove Committees 216 Dubai, Sheikh of 111 Duchy of Cornwall 55, 58–61, 149, 248, 265, 282, 298 Duchy of Lancaster 51, 55–7, 60–1, 248 and note, 265, 282, 298 Dugdale, Thomas 161 Dungeness 255 Dunn, Chido 127 Dunn, George 226 Durant-Lewis, John 158 Durham 70–1 Durham, Edward Lambton, 7th Earl 81 Dyson, Sir James 39, 130 Earl’s Court Farm Ltd 11 EarthFirst!


Virtual Competition by Ariel Ezrachi, Maurice E. Stucke

Airbnb, Albert Einstein, algorithmic trading, barriers to entry, cloud computing, collaborative economy, commoditize, corporate governance, crony capitalism, crowdsourcing, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, David Graeber, demand response, disintermediation, disruptive innovation, double helix, Downton Abbey, Erik Brynjolfsson, experimental economics, Firefox, framing effect, Google Chrome, index arbitrage, information asymmetry, interest rate derivative, Internet of things, invisible hand, Jean Tirole, John Markoff, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Arrow, light touch regulation, linked data, loss aversion, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, market clearing, market friction, Milgram experiment, multi-sided market, natural language processing, Network effects, new economy, offshore financial centre, pattern recognition, prediction markets, price discrimination, price stability, profit maximization, profit motive, race to the bottom, rent-seeking, Richard Thaler, ride hailing / ride sharing, road to serfdom, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, smart meter, Snapchat, social graph, Steve Jobs, supply-chain management, telemarketer, The Chicago School, The Myth of the Rational Market, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, transaction costs, Travis Kalanick, turn-by-turn navigation, two-sided market, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, women in the workforce, yield management

Venturing behind the façade of virtual competition, we question the conventional wisdom that the competitive problems of the analog world—collusion, monopoly, and price discrimination—are less likely to reappear in the digital world, where rivals are simply a click away. As the remaining parts of this book explore, variants of these traditional anticompetitive scenarios may develop—with a vengeance. 1 The Promise of a Better Competitive Environment T ODAY, with a few taps on our smartphone, tablet, or computer, we can discover an array of products, reviews, and prices. The Internet has made our world smaller. After watching an entire season of Downton Abbey on Amazon Prime, you could, without leaving your home—whether in Oxford, Mississippi, or Oxford, U.K.—aspire to the British aristocracy, buying your Barbour hunting jacket and Hunter boots from a U.K. merchant, your Range Rover from a dealership several hundred miles away, your Rhodesian Ridgeback from a California kennel, your summer rental in the Lake District from a family through Airbnb, and Wordsworth’s poems and a sketchpad from Amazon.com.

Google also dominates through its search engine “direct response” advertising, “which is the kind of ad that pops up when we are searching for an airline ticket, a new laptop or any other purchase.”5 So, as we saw in the preceding chapters, the super-platform may try to influence our decision while we undertake each step in ordering takeout. The Future of Frenemy 193 Now imagine a new technology that can enable us to accomplish so much more with the assistance of artificial intelligence. Our personal assistant reduces the number of steps we take, online and offl ine. Imagine you lived in an estate—like Downton Abbey. You would not want the butler to direct you to the livery of junior servants for each request you make. The butler instead anticipates your wants, and quietly orchestrates the servants to fulfill these tasks. Your shoes are already polished; the coffee with the right amount of sugar and cream is beside the freshly squeezed juice. Your car and driver are already waiting. The warmed clean towel is folded by the shower.


pages: 197 words: 53,292

Isn't That Rich?: Life Among the 1 Percent by Richard Kirshenbaum, Michael Gross

Downton Abbey, McMansion, New Journalism, rolodex, women in the workforce

“I met her years ago, when she was married to her first husband. Poor young man. He married her against his mother’s wishes, given that she was a”—she lowered her voice and punctuated the word in a scandalous tone—“nanny. Not that there’s any shame in it, but no mother—especially a European—in my circle wants her son to marry the help.” “Was she a beauty?” I asked, thinking of TV shows I had grown up with like Upstairs Downstairs or the current Downton Abbey. “Healthy in that blond sort of way that young men find attractive. Glowing cheeks, right off the farm in the Midwest. No social background to speak of.” She raised an eyebrow. “Doesn’t sound out of the ordinary.” I lifted my Limoges teacup of Earl Grey as she declined the tapenade on the peppered cracker from the liveried servant. “It wouldn’t have been … if she stayed with him.


pages: 198 words: 52,089

Dream Hoarders: How the American Upper Middle Class Is Leaving Everyone Else in the Dust, Why That Is a Problem, and What to Do About It by Richard V. Reeves

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, assortative mating, Bernie Sanders, Branko Milanovic, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, circulation of elites, cognitive dissonance, desegregation, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, full employment, ghettoisation, glass ceiling, helicopter parent, Home mortgage interest deduction, housing crisis, income inequality, knowledge economy, land value tax, longitudinal study, mortgage tax deduction, obamacare, Occupy movement, plutocrats, Plutocrats, positional goods, race to the bottom, randomized controlled trial, unpaid internship, upwardly mobile, War on Poverty, We are the 99%, working-age population, zero-sum game

George Orwell noted the lack of “servile tradition” in America; German socialist Werner Sombart noticed that “the bowing and scraping before the ‘upper classes,’ which produces such an unpleasant impression in Europe, is completely unknown.”3 This is one of many reasons socialist politics struggled to take root in the United States. A key attraction of socialist systems—the main one, according to Orwell—is the eradication of class distinctions. There were few to eradicate in America. I am sure that one reason Downton Abbey and The Crown so delight American audiences is their depictions of an alien world of class-based status. One reason class distinctions are less obvious in America is that pretty much everyone defines themselves as a member of the same class: the one in the middle. Nine in ten adults select the label “middle class,”4 exactly the same proportion as in 1939, according to Gallup. No wonder politicians have always fallen over each other to be on their side.


pages: 190 words: 56,531

Where We Are: The State of Britain Now by Roger Scruton

bitcoin, blockchain, business cycle, Corn Laws, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, Fellow of the Royal Society, fixed income, garden city movement, George Akerlof, housing crisis, invention of the printing press, invisible hand, Khartoum Gordon, mass immigration, Naomi Klein, New Journalism, old-boy network, open borders, payday loans, Peace of Westphalia, sceptred isle, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thorstein Veblen, too big to fail, web of trust

We should not overlook the importance of historical fiction, such as Wolf Hall and Bring Up the Bodies, the first two novels of Hilary Mantel’s planned trilogy, or the TV series derived from them. To those repositories of doctored facts we should add the many series devoted to the British legacy, of which Simon Schama’s reflection on British portraiture (The Face of Britain) provides such a striking instance. The most popular soaps remain those that dwell with affection on the ways in which our country has been settled – East Enders, Coronation Street, Downton Abbey, Dad’s Army, Steptoe and Son – while few recent television dramas have had a success to match the Sherlock Holmes stories updated by Steven Moffat and Mark Gatiss, in which modern London is re-immersed in its Victorian mystery. Everywhere in popular culture, from the detective novels and spy thrillers to the set-piece musicals such as Oliver! and Billy Elliot, we find an unassuming domesticity of outlook, a recognition that nothing really makes sense except against a background normality in which we are all at home.


pages: 221 words: 71,449

Not My Father's Son: A Memoir by Alan Cumming

British Empire, colonial rule, Downton Abbey, financial independence, friendly fire, Skype

We lived in Nursery House, so called because it looked out on a tree nursery where seedlings were hatched and nurtured to replace the trees that were constantly felled and sent back to the sawmill that lay up the yard behind us. My father was in charge of the whole process, from the seeds all the way to the cut lumber and everything in between, as well as the general upkeep of the grounds. It was all very feudal and a bit Downton Abbey, minus the abbey and fifty years later. I answered the door to men who referred to my father as “The Maister.” There were gamekeepers and big gates and sweeping drives and follies but no lord of the manor, as during the time we lived there the place was owned by, respectively, a family shipping company, a racehorse owner’s charitable trust, and then a huge insurance company. I didn’t know it at the time, but I was living through the end of an era of grand Scottish estates, as now, like Panmure, they have been mostly all dismantled and sold off.


pages: 297 words: 69,467

Dreyer's English: An Utterly Correct Guide to Clarity and Style by Benjamin Dreyer

a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away, Albert Einstein, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, elephant in my pajamas, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, Jane Jacobs, Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, non-fiction novel, Norman Mailer, pre–internet, Ralph Waldo Emerson, The Death and Life of Great American Cities

) *3  Let’s please allow that I’m using the term “fiction” here to include as well the various flavors of narrative nonfiction that spring from a writer’s memory banks, rather than the kind of formal reportage that coalesces from years of archival research and sheaves of notes. *4  As a rule, the consumption of beverages is not as interesting as many writers seem to think it is. *5  It was a point of ongoing perturbation for me that two characters on the Downton Abbey series were both—pointlessly, so far as I could discern—named Thomas and that both their surnames began with a B. *6  I’ve bookmarked timeanddate.com. *7  Google “sunrise sunset” and you’ll be led not only to a number of useful sites but to Eddie Fisher’s plaintive rendition of the hit song from Fiddler on the Roof. *8  It was. You can find your own way to IMDb. *9  It didn’t.


pages: 239 words: 73,178

The Narcissist You Know by Joseph Burgo

Albert Einstein, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, en.wikipedia.org, financial independence, Jeff Bezos, Julian Assange, Paul Graham, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, traveling salesman, WikiLeaks

During one session, for example, he told me he was “shocked” that one of his professors had actually said “that’s a whole ’nother story.” It bothered him that so many people misused the word aggravate to express annoyance when it actually means “to intensify or make worse.” He took pride in speaking correctly and at times could seem pretentious. Though he had never been to Great Britain, he was a devoted Anglophile, with ideas about the English culled largely from Victorian novels and programs on public television such as Downton Abbey. Jesse felt he had been born in the wrong era, the wrong country, and the wrong class. During high school, he had begun to study French and continued during his first year in college. He regarded the ability to speak that language as a sign of sophistication. He also made a point of pronouncing French words imported into English with the correct native accent: rendezvous, hors d’oeuvre, amateur, et cetera.


Deep Work: Rules for Focused Success in a Distracted World by Cal Newport

8-hour work day, Albert Einstein, barriers to entry, business climate, Cal Newport, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Clayton Christensen, David Brooks, David Heinemeier Hansson, deliberate practice, disruptive innovation, Donald Knuth, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, en.wikipedia.org, Erik Brynjolfsson, experimental subject, follow your passion, Frank Gehry, informal economy, information retrieval, Internet Archive, Jaron Lanier, knowledge worker, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, Merlin Mann, Nate Silver, new economy, Nicholas Carr, popular electronics, remote working, Richard Feynman, Ruby on Rails, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Snapchat, statistical model, the medium is the message, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, web application, winner-take-all economy, zero-sum game

As we’ve understood since Marx, access to capital provides massive advantages. It’s also true, however, that some periods offer more advantages than others. As Brynjolfsson and McAfee point out, postwar Europe was an example of a bad time to be sitting on a pile of cash, as the combination of rapid inflation and aggressive taxation wiped out old fortunes with surprising speed (what we might call the “Downton Abbey Effect”). The Great Restructuring, unlike the postwar period, is a particularly good time to have access to capital. To understand why, first recall that bargaining theory, a key component in standard economic thinking, argues that when money is made through the combination of capital investment and labor, the rewards are returned, roughly speaking, proportional to the input. As digital technology reduces the need for labor in many industries, the proportion of the rewards returned to those who own the intelligent machines is growing.


pages: 315 words: 81,433

A Life Less Throwaway: The Lost Art of Buying for Life by Tara Button

clean water, collaborative consumption, David Attenborough, delayed gratification, Downton Abbey, hedonic treadmill, Internet of things, Kickstarter, life extension, Mark Zuckerberg, Mason jar, meta analysis, meta-analysis, period drama, Rana Plaza, Stanford marshmallow experiment, Steve Jobs, thinkpad

WHAT MINDFULLY CURATING YOUR OWN STYLE LOOKS LIKE Children’s TV presenter Ben Shires walks into a restaurant in North London. Thirty years old, tall, dark and slim as a runner bean, he takes off his vintage fawn coat and hangs it carefully on the back of the plastic chair; underneath he’s wearing a tailored tweed jacket, waistcoat, vintage watch fob, high-collared shirt, slim tie and tie-pin. Horn-rimmed glasses and perfectly waxed hair complete a look which I can only describe as Buddy Holly goes to Downton Abbey. He has managed to transcend trends and has been dressing this way since I met him almost a decade ago. We order and I ask him the first of my questions. ‘So how did this all begin?’ ‘It was a gradual progression. I always loved old stuff and I was being myself through collecting stamps, old postcards and fossils, but I just wore what my friends wore, mainly tracksuits. Then I had an epiphany.


pages: 287 words: 80,050

The Wisdom of Frugality: Why Less Is More - More or Less by Emrys Westacott

Airbnb, back-to-the-land, Bertrand Russell: In Praise of Idleness, Bonfire of the Vanities, carbon footprint, clean water, Community Supported Agriculture, corporate raider, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, dark matter, Diane Coyle, discovery of DNA, Downton Abbey, dumpster diving, financial independence, full employment, greed is good, happiness index / gross national happiness, haute cuisine, hedonic treadmill, income inequality, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, loss aversion, McMansion, means of production, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, negative equity, New Urbanism, paradox of thrift, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Thales and the olive presses, Thales of Miletus, the market place, The Spirit Level, Thorstein Veblen, Upton Sinclair, Veblen good, Zipcar

People take pride in the collectives they belong to, from their family and hometown to their college, their workplace, and their country. They typically feel that they are in some sense represented by the collective and naturally wish to appear in a good light, generous rather than parsimonious, grand rather than grubby. There are other situations, too, where extravagance can be viewed as fulfilling a duty. The aristocrat of old (think Downton Abbey) who oversaw a large estate including a huge house, a large household, agricultural lands, extensive stables, and a pack of hounds may well have felt an obligation to provide employment to house servants, laborers, grooms, and gamekeepers. No one really needs a valet, any more than one needs a pack of hounds. But if a whole local economy depends on a few members of the upper class living in the style to which they have become accustomed, one can easily imagine those few feeling duty bound to keep playing their roles.


pages: 301 words: 89,076

The Globotics Upheaval: Globalisation, Robotics and the Future of Work by Richard Baldwin

agricultural Revolution, Airbnb, AltaVista, Amazon Web Services, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, basic income, business process, business process outsourcing, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Cass Sunstein, commoditize, computer vision, Corn Laws, correlation does not imply causation, Credit Default Swap, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, declining real wages, deindustrialization, deskilling, Donald Trump, Douglas Hofstadter, Downton Abbey, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, facts on the ground, future of journalism, future of work, George Gilder, Google Glasses, Google Hangouts, hiring and firing, impulse control, income inequality, industrial robot, intangible asset, Internet of things, invisible hand, James Watt: steam engine, Jeff Bezos, job automation, knowledge worker, laissez-faire capitalism, low skilled workers, Machine translation of "The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak." to Russian and back, manufacturing employment, Mark Zuckerberg, mass immigration, mass incarceration, Metcalfe’s law, new economy, optical character recognition, pattern recognition, Ponzi scheme, post-industrial society, post-work, profit motive, remote working, reshoring, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Gordon, Robert Metcalfe, Ronald Reagan, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, Snapchat, social intelligence, sovereign wealth fund, standardized shipping container, statistical model, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, supply-chain management, TaskRabbit, telepresence, telepresence robot, telerobotics, Thomas Malthus, trade liberalization, universal basic income

Third, once we manage the transition to new jobs and new sectors, the globots will make us richer. Things made cheaply by globots will cost less for humans and this will make us materially better off. The globotics revolution could mean soaring productivity that could finance a breakthrough to a new nirvana, a better society that offered fulfilling work and fostered more caring-and-sharing attitudes. Think of Downton Abbey where all the servants are globots. Adding breakthroughs in medicine and bioengineering into the mix means that our lives could be very long as well. Combining these three streams of guesses about the future suggests another stream of guesses. The result could be a new localism—a trend that should reinforce local, social, family, and community ties. Understanding this leap of logic requires a quick dip into social anthropology—the field that studies why different societies are so different.


pages: 312 words: 84,421

This Chair Rocks: A Manifiesto Against Ageism by Ashton Applewhite

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, Atul Gawande, Buckminster Fuller, clean water, cognitive dissonance, crowdsourcing, desegregation, Downton Abbey, fixed income, follow your passion, ghettoisation, Google Hangouts, hiring and firing, income inequality, informal economy, Internet of things, invention of the printing press, job satisfaction, labor-force participation, life extension, longitudinal study, Mark Zuckerberg, Naomi Klein, obamacare, old age dependency ratio, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, Snapchat, stem cell, the built environment, urban decay, urban planning, white picket fence, women in the workforce

“We perpetually tell ourselves beauty is youth and youth beauty, and fashion is about beauty, so it must be for the young. That’s a funny sort of disservice we do to ourselves, because the practical experience for a lot of women is that getting older is actually pretty wicked.”25 (As in “wicked good.”) Older models remain a tiny minority, but they’re more common than they used to be, with Ellen DeGeneres as the face of Cover Girl, Diane Keaton fronting for L’Oreal, and the dames of Downton Abbey. Known for their provocative ads, in 2014 American Apparel used sixty-two-year-old, gray-haired Jacky O’Shaughnessy to model lingerie with the tag line “Sexy has no expiration date,” and didn’t Photoshop her neck and midriff into wrinkle-free perfection. The Helen Mirrens and Judi Denchs of the world are forging a footpath that needs to become a highway. PUSH BACK! Reject anti-aging rhetoric.


pages: 257 words: 90,857

Everything's Trash, but It's Okay by Phoebe Robinson

23andMe, Airbnb, Bernie Madoff, Bernie Sanders, crack epidemic, Donald Trump, double helix, Downton Abbey, Elon Musk, feminist movement, Firefox, Lyft, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, Rosa Parks, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Tim Cook: Apple, uber lyft

I can fully admit this might not be commonplace, but I’m sure some of my sistern out there can relate to the following: head hair winding up in your butt crack. A few times a month, I’ll be taking a shower and discover a few hairs from my head sticking out from between my booty cheeks like baguettes popping out of a basket on a Parisian person’s bicycle. How. Does. This. Happen? I just don’t understand. I assumed the hair from my head and my butt had minimal contact, but little did I know that my body is hella like Downton Abbey, with my head being aristocratic while my butt is more servant status and the two are interacting all the time! I’m not sure how to fix this nuisance, I just thought that on behalf of ladies everywhere (and maybe some dudes), I’d start a dialogue in hopes that we can come together and think-tank this issue and figure something out. There are few things more laughably ludicrous than women being asked if they’re okay when the only difference in their appearance is that they’re not wearing makeup that day.


pages: 297 words: 89,206

Social Class in the 21st Century by Mike Savage

call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Clapham omnibus, Corn Laws, deindustrialization, deskilling, Downton Abbey, financial independence, gender pay gap, Gini coefficient, income inequality, liberal capitalism, Mark Zuckerberg, megacity, moral panic, New Urbanism, Occupy movement, old-boy network, precariat, psychological pricing, Sloane Ranger, The Spirit Level, unpaid internship, upwardly mobile, very high income, winner-take-all economy, young professional

But we need to guard against the view that this new, wealth-elite marks a return to the aristocratic, landed and gentlemanly class which held sway in Britain until the later twentieth century. It is easy to be confused here by the prominence of old idioms and the relics of aristocracy which abound. The success of the National Trust and the ‘exhibitionary complex’ which places stately homes at the heart of British leisure habits exemplifies this ongoing fascination with the landed classes. Television shows from Brideshead Revisited to Downton Abbey continue to deploy a ‘gentry’ aesthetic, which circulates through brands such as Laura Ashley, Burberry, Hunter, Barbour and Jack Wills, which are still able to command a distinctive presence. The traditional private school and stately home continue to serve as default sites for so much English novel writing (recent examples being by J. K. Rowling, Sarah Waters and Ian McEwan). Yet, in fact, such idioms no longer give us a handle on the organization of privilege in Britain.


pages: 327 words: 90,542

The Age of Stagnation: Why Perpetual Growth Is Unattainable and the Global Economy Is in Peril by Satyajit Das

"Robert Solow", 9 dash line, accounting loophole / creative accounting, additive manufacturing, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, Anton Chekhov, Asian financial crisis, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, bitcoin, Bretton Woods, BRICs, British Empire, business cycle, business process, business process outsourcing, call centre, capital controls, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Carmen Reinhart, Clayton Christensen, cloud computing, collaborative economy, colonial exploitation, computer age, creative destruction, cryptocurrency, currency manipulation / currency intervention, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, declining real wages, Deng Xiaoping, deskilling, disintermediation, disruptive innovation, Downton Abbey, Emanuel Derman, energy security, energy transition, eurozone crisis, financial innovation, financial repression, forward guidance, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, full employment, gig economy, Gini coefficient, global reserve currency, global supply chain, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, happiness index / gross national happiness, Honoré de Balzac, hydraulic fracturing, Hyman Minsky, illegal immigration, income inequality, income per capita, indoor plumbing, informal economy, Innovator's Dilemma, intangible asset, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Jane Jacobs, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, Kenneth Rogoff, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, light touch regulation, liquidity trap, Long Term Capital Management, low skilled workers, Lyft, Mahatma Gandhi, margin call, market design, Marshall McLuhan, Martin Wolf, Mikhail Gorbachev, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, new economy, New Urbanism, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, old age dependency ratio, open economy, passive income, peak oil, peer-to-peer lending, pension reform, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, Potemkin village, precariat, price stability, profit maximization, pushing on a string, quantitative easing, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, Rana Plaza, rent control, rent-seeking, reserve currency, ride hailing / ride sharing, rising living standards, risk/return, Robert Gordon, Ronald Reagan, Satyajit Das, savings glut, secular stagnation, seigniorage, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, Slavoj Žižek, South China Sea, sovereign wealth fund, TaskRabbit, The Chicago School, The Great Moderation, The inhabitant of London could order by telephone, sipping his morning tea in bed, the various products of the whole earth, the market place, the payments system, The Spirit Level, Thorstein Veblen, Tim Cook: Apple, too big to fail, total factor productivity, trade route, transaction costs, uber lyft, unpaid internship, Unsafe at Any Speed, Upton Sinclair, Washington Consensus, We are the 99%, WikiLeaks, Y2K, Yom Kippur War, zero-coupon bond, zero-sum game

American secretary of state Edward Stettinius told President Roosevelt that Britain had emotional difficulties in adjusting to a reduced international role after the war. Having been a leading player, Britain regarded such a position as a national right and took many years to recognize the benefits of the EU. Even today it remains equivocal, having chosen not to adopt the single currency. Britain plans to hold a referendum in 2017 on its continued membership of the EU. In the British TV series Downton Abbey, Cora Crawley wants to know whether she and her mother-in-law are friends. The dowager countess would prefer that they be allies, which, she argues, is much more effective. In the evolving world order, a similarly pragmatic approach will be required for nations to prosper. The shift in global trade and capital movements is also affected by changes in geopolitical relationships. Following the end of the Cold War, a relatively benign security environment aided the movement of goods, services, and capital.


pages: 323 words: 90,868

The Wealth of Humans: Work, Power, and Status in the Twenty-First Century by Ryan Avent

"Robert Solow", 3D printing, Airbnb, American energy revolution, assortative mating, autonomous vehicles, Bakken shale, barriers to entry, basic income, Bernie Sanders, BRICs, business cycle, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Clayton Christensen, cloud computing, collective bargaining, computer age, creative destruction, dark matter, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, deindustrialization, dematerialisation, Deng Xiaoping, deskilling, disruptive innovation, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, Edward Glaeser, Erik Brynjolfsson, eurozone crisis, everywhere but in the productivity statistics, falling living standards, first square of the chessboard, first square of the chessboard / second half of the chessboard, Ford paid five dollars a day, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, future of work, gig economy, global supply chain, global value chain, hydraulic fracturing, income inequality, indoor plumbing, industrial robot, intangible asset, interchangeable parts, Internet of things, inventory management, invisible hand, James Watt: steam engine, Jeff Bezos, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, Joseph-Marie Jacquard, knowledge economy, low skilled workers, lump of labour, Lyft, manufacturing employment, Marc Andreessen, mass immigration, means of production, new economy, performance metric, pets.com, post-work, price mechanism, quantitative easing, Ray Kurzweil, rent-seeking, reshoring, rising living standards, Robert Gordon, Ronald Coase, savings glut, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, single-payer health, software is eating the world, supply-chain management, supply-chain management software, TaskRabbit, The Future of Employment, The Nature of the Firm, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade liberalization, transaction costs, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, very high income, working-age population

The more labour is available at very low pay, the more extensive this low-pay service economy can become. In fact, we have a very good idea what mass employment in low-skill service work looks like, thanks to examples in poorer economies, where crowds of attendants work at dubious productivity levels in hotels and restaurants, and in the eighteenth and nineteenth century, when domestic payrolls, Downton Abbey-style, absorbed large numbers of workers. Low wages can also boost employment by discouraging firms from automating. Industrial manufacturing in parts of China and India uses many more workers than similar processes would in Europe or Japan, where labour costs are much higher. When wages are low enough it doesn’t make sense to replace cashiers with an automated checkout, or to use robots in logistical tasks in warehouses.


pages: 279 words: 90,888

The Lost Decade: 2010–2020, and What Lies Ahead for Britain by Polly Toynbee, David Walker

banking crisis, battle of ideas, Boris Johnson, call centre, car-free, centre right, collective bargaining, congestion charging, corporate governance, crony capitalism, David Attenborough, Dominic Cummings, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, energy transition, Etonian, first-past-the-post, G4S, gender pay gap, gig economy, Gini coefficient, global village, high net worth, housing crisis, income inequality, industrial robot, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), James Dyson, manufacturing employment, mass immigration, moral panic, mortgage debt, North Sea oil, offshore financial centre, payday loans, pension reform, quantitative easing, Right to Buy, Saturday Night Live, selection bias, smart meter, Uber for X, urban renewal, working-age population

Plays, shows and other writing abounded with treatments of the contemporary themes of identity, ethnicity and gender. ‘Culture’ can’t be easily linked to the economy or public affairs. Time is important, and the cultural capital laid down under Labour in the noughties lasted throughout the subsequent decade. The relationship between austerity and art is not linear. You can plot the popularity of Downton Abbey or Peaky Blinders against economic and societal trends (or, in the latter case, against Birmingham’s sense of identity), but the fit isn’t neat. In sports, women’s cricket, football and rugby rose in prominence over the decade, paralleling the response to #MeToo, but a gender pay gap persisted. This chapter tries to match political and economic circumstances to how we produced and consumed culture and what we told pollsters about our state of mind.


The Rough Guide to England by Rough Guides

active transport: walking or cycling, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, bike sharing scheme, Bob Geldof, Boris Johnson, British Empire, car-free, Columbine, congestion charging, Corn Laws, deindustrialization, Downton Abbey, Edmond Halley, Etonian, food miles, haute cuisine, housing crisis, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, John Harrison: Longitude, Kickstarter, low cost airline, Neil Kinnock, offshore financial centre, period drama, plutocrats, Plutocrats, the market place, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, University of East Anglia, upwardly mobile, urban sprawl

Lovely, big rooms that combine period decor with modern touches such as widescreen TVs, above a fine bar/restaurant, and right opposite the cathedral. The street can be noisy at night. £120 The Real Downton Abbey Tucked away in the northern reaches of Hampshire, twenty miles north of Winchester, Highclere Castle (9.30am–5pm: Easter, early April & May bank hol weekends daily, mid-July to mid-Sept Mon–Thurs & Sun; castle, exhibition and gardens £22, castle and gardens £15, gardens £7; 01635 253210, highclerecastle.co.uk) will be very familiar to fans of ITV’s hit period drama, Downton Abbey, which was filmed here. Home to Lord Carnarvon and his family, the house is approached via a long drive that winds through a stunning 5000-acre estate, and is surrounded by beautiful gardens designed by Capability Brown. Inside the house, Downton Abbey aficionados will enjoy loitering in the Drawing Room and the Library, scene of many a drama and quivering stiff-upper-lip of Lord Grantham and his family, while upstairs you can peer into the bedrooms of the Crawley girls.


pages: 322 words: 99,066

The End of Secrecy: The Rise and Fall of WikiLeaks by The "Guardian", David Leigh, Luke Harding

4chan, banking crisis, centre right, Chelsea Manning, citizen journalism, Climategate, cloud computing, credit crunch, crowdsourcing, Downton Abbey, drone strike, eurozone crisis, friendly fire, global village, Hacker Ethic, impulse control, Jacob Appelbaum, Julian Assange, knowledge economy, Mohammed Bouazizi, Nelson Mandela, offshore financial centre, post-work, rolodex, Silicon Valley, Skype, Steven Levy, uranium enrichment, WikiLeaks

The media and public were torn between those who saw Assange as a new kind of cyber-messiah and those who regarded him as a James Bond villain. Each extremity projected on to him superhuman powers of good or evil. The script became even more confused in December when, as part of his bail conditions, Assange had to live at Ellingham Hall, a Georgian manor house set in hundreds of acres of Suffolk countryside. It was as if a Stieg Larsson script had been passed to the writer of Downton Abbey, Julian Fellowes. Few people seem to find Assange an easy man with whom to collaborate. Slate’s media columnist, Jack Shafer, captured his character well in this pen portrait: “Assange bedevils the journalists who work with him because he refuses to conform to any of the roles they expect him to play. He acts like a leaking source when it suits him. He masquerades as publisher or newspaper syndicate when that’s advantageous.


pages: 383 words: 98,179

Last Trains: Dr Beeching and the Death of Rural England by Charles Loft

Beeching cuts, computer age, Downton Abbey, full employment, intermodal, Kickstarter, price mechanism, railway mania, urban planning

Artist Frank Newbould and filmmaker Ismail Merchant, respectively seeking a backdrop for the wartime poster Your Britain – Fight for it Now and an imagined Edwardian idyll for A Room with A View, both chose this part of the world. It is the England of Tibby Clarke and Dr Beeching, East Grinstead neighbours. Other Englands are available, of course; but Horsted Keynes station is in the process of becoming the default image of the rural steam railway, as the local station for Downton Abbey, Eel Marsh House, Windy Corner, The Railway Children and Miss (Beatrix) Potter, among others.† The real Horsted Keynes station lies on the former Lewes and East Grinstead railway, once the least used part of a web of railways belonging to the London Brighton and South Coast Railway (LBSCR) based around a line which, diverging from the Brighton main line at Croydon, ran south-east to Oxted and eventually divided into three routes heading south towards the sea.


pages: 550 words: 89,316

The Sum of Small Things: A Theory of the Aspirational Class by Elizabeth Currid-Halkett

assortative mating, back-to-the-land, barriers to entry, Bernie Sanders, BRICs, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, clean water, cognitive dissonance, David Brooks, deindustrialization, Deng Xiaoping, discrete time, disruptive innovation, Downton Abbey, East Village, Edward Glaeser, en.wikipedia.org, Etonian, Geoffrey West, Santa Fe Institute, income inequality, iterative process, knowledge economy, longitudinal study, Mason jar, means of production, NetJets, new economy, New Urbanism, plutocrats, Plutocrats, post scarcity, post-industrial society, profit maximization, Richard Florida, selection bias, Silicon Valley, The Design of Experiments, the High Line, The inhabitant of London could order by telephone, sipping his morning tea in bed, the various products of the whole earth, the market place, Thorstein Veblen, Tony Hsieh, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, upwardly mobile, Veblen good, women in the workforce

“What appears as a natural, simple quality,” Khan remarks, “is actually learned through repeated experiences in elite institutions.”13 While the 1920s Gilded Age elites and today’s “nouveau riche” (think of the stereotyped Russian oligarchs or Hollywood celebrities) may make great efforts to distinguish themselves in overt ways from everyone else, members of the aspirational class use discretion to separate themselves. Consider that even the wealthiest aspirational class kitchens often decorate with copper pots, rustic Stickley dining tables, and Aga-like stoves that resemble the stoves used in the kitchen of Downton Abbey, rather than the upstairs formal baroque style of English aristocrats. Casualness in all facets of life has become a part of aspirational class habitus. In this respect, the aesthetics of the aspirational class are in line with those of bobos. As David Brooks writes in his book Bobos in Paradise, “Educated elites are expected to spend huge amounts of money on things that used to be cheap … We prefer to buy the same items as the proletariat—it’s just that we buy rarefied versions of these items that members of the working class would consider preposterous.


pages: 335 words: 96,002

WEconomy: You Can Find Meaning, Make a Living, and Change the World by Craig Kielburger, Holly Branson, Marc Kielburger, Sir Richard Branson, Sheryl Sandberg

Airbnb, Albert Einstein, barriers to entry, blood diamonds, business intelligence, business process, carbon footprint, clean water, cleantech, Colonization of Mars, corporate social responsibility, Downton Abbey, Elon Musk, energy transition, family office, future of work, global village, inventory management, James Dyson, job satisfaction, Kickstarter, market design, meta analysis, meta-analysis, microcredit, Nelson Mandela, Occupy movement, pre–internet, shareholder value, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Snapchat, Steve Jobs, telemarketer, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, working poor, Y Combinator

Those five words motivate me every day to go above and beyond with sTandTall. I've used the words Be Brave and Be Bold throughout this book, but it is at the very start of your journey when these words are most apt. I have been extremely fortunate to meet the incredible author Dr. Brené Brown (her books Rising Strong and Daring Greatly are definitely worth checking out if you haven't). Brené tells of a quote she found (while Googling the time period Downton Abbey was set in) that changed her life. I'd like to share it with you here, in this section, in the hope that it inspires company bosses and graduate trainees alike to Be Brave and Be Bold when it comes to embracing Purpose in the day to day working of your company. Theodore Roosevelt (26th President of the United States): It is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or where the doer of deeds could have done them better.


pages: 299 words: 97,378

Home Sweet Anywhere: How We Sold Our House, Created a New Life, and Saw the World by Lynne Martin

connected car, Downton Abbey, East Village, haute cuisine, McMansion, pink-collar, Skype

We took a train to see Windsor Castle and particularly enjoyed the kitchens, which have functioned forever and still serve Betty and Phil (that would be Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip, for those of you not in the inner circle) when they’re home. Another morning, Tim drove us through traffic, fog, and rain to reach Highclere Castle, the magnificent estate where the BBC films its popular television series Downton Abbey. The castle, which sits in the middle of five thousand acres, is the most stately and beautiful home either of us had ever seen. We reveled in its understated opulence. In person, the home, with its priceless paintings and antiques, far exceeded its appearance on the series. As the sun began to appear later in the morning, and we toured the glorious gardens, Tim remarked, “I’ve really loved seeing this place.


pages: 292 words: 99,273

Paddle Your Own Canoe: One Man's Fundamentals for Delicious Living by Nick Offerman

Berlin Wall, Downton Abbey, lateral thinking, Mason jar, telemarketer, wage slave, Wall-E

Experiences like this one certainly must have nurtured any developing feminine or “sensitive” side I possessed, so perhaps I entered high school looking for ways to round out the testosterone contingent in my hormonal congress. In the 1980s there was really not much to do in a small Midwestern town. This recreational vacuum made team sports an incredibly important and prevalent part of our everyday lives. We worshipped the Chicago Cubs with a fervor now reserved for things like Downton Abbey. My older sister, Laurie, and I would compete on car rides in the arena of baseball statistics, quizzed by Dad at the wheel, which we could call up from our encyclopedic mind-vaults like Rain Man. Keith Moreland triples in 1982? Two. Fergie Jenkins’s last wild pitch? Nineteen eighty-three. Easy. Laurie and I mowed the front yard on a tractor mower. It was about eighty yards to the road and back.


pages: 337 words: 101,440

Revolution Française: Emmanuel Macron and the Quest to Reinvent a Nation by Sophie Pedder

Airbnb, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, bike sharing scheme, centre right, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, Erik Brynjolfsson, eurozone crisis, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, ghettoisation, haute couture, Jean Tirole, knowledge economy, liberal capitalism, mass immigration, mittelstand, new economy, post-industrial society, rent-seeking, ride hailing / ride sharing, Second Machine Age, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Travis Kalanick, urban planning, éminence grise

‘We were average parents,’ Jean-Michel Macron told Macron’s biographer Anne Fulda, describing it as ‘a banal life’.3 ‘Of course it was a privileged background, but it depends what you mean by privileged,’ Renaud Dartevelle, a close school friend of Macron’s from the age of ten, told me. I had tracked him down in the southern suburbs of Paris, where he now teaches history in a high school. He had learned English by watching Downton Abbey. ‘I come from the same kind of background,’ Dartevelle said. ‘His grandparents came from poor backgrounds; my grandparents did too. And that was not uncommon among this kind of bourgeoisie in Amiens. La Providence is not a school only for the very few.’ When we met, Dartevelle was keen to underline this point about Macron. ‘I don’t think it’s fair to say that everything was set up for him from day one,’ he told me.


pages: 382 words: 100,127

The Road to Somewhere: The Populist Revolt and the Future of Politics by David Goodhart

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, agricultural Revolution, assortative mating, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, borderless world, Boris Johnson, Branko Milanovic, Bretton Woods, British Empire, call centre, capital controls, carbon footprint, central bank independence, centre right, coherent worldview, corporate governance, credit crunch, deglobalization, deindustrialization, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, Edward Glaeser, en.wikipedia.org, Etonian, European colonialism, eurozone crisis, falling living standards, first-past-the-post, gender pay gap, gig economy, glass ceiling, global supply chain, global village, illegal immigration, income inequality, informal economy, job satisfaction, knowledge economy, labour market flexibility, low skilled workers, market friction, mass immigration, mittelstand, Neil Kinnock, New Urbanism, non-tariff barriers, North Sea oil, obamacare, old-boy network, open borders, Peter Singer: altruism, post-industrial society, post-materialism, postnationalism / post nation state, race to the bottom, Richard Florida, Ronald Reagan, selection bias, shareholder value, Skype, Sloane Ranger, stem cell, Thomas L Friedman, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, ultimatum game, upwardly mobile, wages for housework, white flight, women in the workforce, working poor, working-age population, World Values Survey

When most people in the country were doing basic, low- or semi-skilled work—maybe in the same factory or office as their fathers or mothers—it made no sense to disdain it. But when, fifty years later, between a third and a half of one’s generational peers are going to university or working in the better-rewarded, high productivity top 40 per cent of the economy, it becomes inevitable, perhaps, that people will start to look down on more basic jobs—especially, given Britain’s ‘Downton Abbey’ folk memory, those that involve serving the richer and better educated.5 And the growing centrality of educational attainment to the allocation of high status jobs—combined with a dominant assumption about the virtues of meritocracy and upward social mobility—has made it more likely that the people in the bottom half of the income spectrum and the cognitive ability spectrum will now feel unsuccessful rather than merely unlucky or unambitious.


Mindf*ck: Cambridge Analytica and the Plot to Break America by Christopher Wylie

4chan, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, availability heuristic, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, big-box store, Boris Johnson, British Empire, call centre, Chelsea Manning, chief data officer, cognitive bias, cognitive dissonance, colonial rule, computer vision, conceptual framework, cryptocurrency, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, desegregation, Dominic Cummings, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Etonian, first-past-the-post, Google Earth, housing crisis, income inequality, indoor plumbing, information asymmetry, Internet of things, Julian Assange, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Network effects, new economy, obamacare, Peter Thiel, Potemkin village, recommendation engine, Renaissance Technologies, Robert Mercer, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Sand Hill Road, Scientific racism, Shoshana Zuboff, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, uber lyft, unpaid internship, Valery Gerasimov, web application, WikiLeaks, zero-sum game

I wondered if there was a latent variable at work. In social sciences, a “latent variable” is an element that is influencing a result, but one you haven’t yet observed or measured—a hidden construct that’s floating just out of view. So what is the hidden construct here? One problem was that, at a basic level, I couldn’t visualize a Lib Dem voter. I could visualize Tories, who—in the most general sense—were either posh, rich, Downton Abbey types or working-class, anti-immigrant types. Labour voters were northerners, union members, council estate dwellers, or public-sector types. But who were the Lib Dems? I couldn’t imagine a path to victory if I couldn’t imagine who’d be marching with us on that path. So, in the late spring of 2011, I started traveling around Britain to find out. For several months, I’d go to my classes at LSE in the morning, and then in the afternoon I’d hop on a train to places with delightful names like Scunthorpe and West Bromwich and Stow-on-the-Wold.


pages: 322 words: 99,918

A Year of Living Danishly: My Twelve Months Unearthing the Secrets of the World's Happiest Country by Helen Russell

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Downton Abbey, happiness index / gross national happiness, income inequality, job satisfaction, Kickstarter, obamacare, offshore financial centre, remote working, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, Skype, Stephen Hawking

On the downside, there are no baths. Judgey Face tells us that everyone in Denmark ripped out their tubs a decade ago to go for a more up-to-date look. (‘Plus showering is more hygienic,’ she asserts.) This is a setback to my happiness project. How can anyone, let alone a whole nation, be happy without baths? Lego Man, understanding my pain, promises that we can always look online for a free-standing version à la Downton Abbey and adds this to his ever-growing list of things he’s decided we need for our new Danish digs. By the end of the great house hunt, day one, I start to wonder whether this great emphasis on having a clean, clear, sleek designer home plays a part in the Danes’ chart-topping quality of life. Curious to find out more, I track down Anne-Louise Sommer, director of the Design Museum Denmark, and enlist her expertise.


pages: 375 words: 106,536

Lost at Sea by Jon Ronson

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Columbine, computer age, credit crunch, Douglas Hofstadter, Downton Abbey, East Village, Etonian, false memory syndrome, Gödel, Escher, Bach, income inequality, Internet Archive, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, late fees, Louis Pasteur, obamacare, Peter Thiel, Saturday Night Live, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, Skype, telemarketer

The Pallwitzes’ fifth anniversary is approaching. “We’d like to go to the east of the state where we had our honeymoon,” Dennis says. “But”—he glances at Rebecca—“that would cost gas and food and a bed-and-breakfast stay, so maybe we’ll stick around here, save the gas money, and get a hotel room for a couple of days.” “You can’t afford to drive across the state?” I say in a startled screech. I sound like the Dowager Countess from Downton Abbey. In fact, last night in New York City, I got to see something Frantz has never seen: the inside of a Capital Grille restaurant. (I’m guessing Dennis and Rebecca have never been to one, either.) It was delicious and I didn’t even think about what it cost. There were stag heads and sculptures of horses and fine oil paintings of generic earls and lords and foxhunts. The milieu was very English country gentleman, although an English country gentleman would never put an “e” at the end of the word “grill.”


pages: 378 words: 110,518

Postcapitalism: A Guide to Our Future by Paul Mason

Alfred Russel Wallace, bank run, banking crisis, banks create money, Basel III, basic income, Bernie Madoff, Bill Gates: Altair 8800, bitcoin, Branko Milanovic, Bretton Woods, BRICs, British Empire, business cycle, business process, butterfly effect, call centre, capital controls, Cesare Marchetti: Marchetti’s constant, Claude Shannon: information theory, collaborative economy, collective bargaining, Corn Laws, corporate social responsibility, creative destruction, credit crunch, currency manipulation / currency intervention, currency peg, David Graeber, deglobalization, deindustrialization, deskilling, discovery of the americas, Downton Abbey, drone strike, en.wikipedia.org, energy security, eurozone crisis, factory automation, financial repression, Firefox, Fractional reserve banking, Frederick Winslow Taylor, full employment, future of work, game design, income inequality, inflation targeting, informal economy, information asymmetry, intangible asset, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet of things, job automation, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Arrow, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, late capitalism, low skilled workers, market clearing, means of production, Metcalfe's law, microservices, money: store of value / unit of account / medium of exchange, mortgage debt, Network effects, new economy, Norbert Wiener, Occupy movement, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, Paul Samuelson, payday loans, Pearl River Delta, post-industrial society, precariat, price mechanism, profit motive, quantitative easing, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, rent-seeking, reserve currency, RFID, Richard Stallman, Robert Gordon, Robert Metcalfe, secular stagnation, sharing economy, Stewart Brand, structural adjustment programs, supply-chain management, The Future of Employment, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Transnistria, union organizing, universal basic income, urban decay, urban planning, Vilfredo Pareto, wages for housework, WikiLeaks, women in the workforce

Widespread access to the finance system suited everybody: liberal politicians in the USA could point to the growing number of poor, black and Hispanic families with mortgages; bankers and finance companies got rich from selling loans to people who could not afford them. Plus it created the vast service industry that’s grown up around the wealthy – the florists, yoga teachers, yacht builders and so on, who provide a kind of fake-tanned Downton Abbey for the rich of the twenty-first century. And it suited the ordinary Joe, too: after all, who is going to turn down cheap money? But financialization created inherent problems; problems that triggered the crisis, but were not resolved by it. While paper money is unlimited, wages are real. You can go on creating money for ever but if a declining share of it flows to workers, and yet a growing part of profits is generated out of their mortgages and credit cards, you are eventually going to hit a wall.


pages: 421 words: 110,272

Deaths of Despair and the Future of Capitalism by Anne Case, Angus Deaton

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, basic income, Bertrand Russell: In Praise of Idleness, business cycle, call centre, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collective bargaining, Corn Laws, corporate governance, correlation coefficient, crack epidemic, creative destruction, crony capitalism, declining real wages, deindustrialization, demographic transition, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, Edward Glaeser, Elon Musk, falling living standards, Fellow of the Royal Society, germ theory of disease, income inequality, Jeff Bezos, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Arrow, labor-force participation, low skilled workers, Martin Wolf, Mikhail Gorbachev, obamacare, pensions crisis, randomized controlled trial, refrigerator car, rent-seeking, risk tolerance, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Tim Cook: Apple, trade liberalization, universal basic income, working-age population, zero-sum game

A good example is New York Presbyterian Hospital, an octopus of once-independent hospitals. The hospital is a nonprofit whose CEO, Dr. Steven Corwin, was paid $4.5 million in 201429 (the CEO of North Shore University Hospital was paid twice as much).30 New York Presbyterian ran a beautifully produced series of video stories, which were aired on public television immediately before the immensely popular Downton Abbey series, each documenting an extraordinary recovery that could only have happened at New York Presbyterian.31 These advertisements were aimed at inducing employees to demand that the hospital be included in their insurance plan, giving the hospital increased negotiating power with the insurance companies, which helped to raise their prices and earn Corwin his salary. Other hospitals soon followed suit with similar advertisements of their own.


pages: 416 words: 108,370

Hit Makers: The Science of Popularity in an Age of Distraction by Derek Thompson

Airbnb, Albert Einstein, Alexey Pajitnov wrote Tetris, always be closing, augmented reality, Clayton Christensen, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, full employment, game design, Gordon Gekko, hindsight bias, indoor plumbing, industrial cluster, information trail, invention of the printing press, invention of the telegraph, Jeff Bezos, John Snow's cholera map, Kodak vs Instagram, linear programming, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, Menlo Park, Metcalfe’s law, Minecraft, Nate Silver, Network effects, Nicholas Carr, out of africa, randomized controlled trial, recommendation engine, Robert Gordon, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Skype, Snapchat, statistical model, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Steven Pinker, subscription business, telemarketer, the medium is the message, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, Vilfredo Pareto, Vincenzo Peruggia: Mona Lisa, women in the workforce

Traditional broadcast television was live, ad supported, and aired once a week. This made it a perfect home for dramas and crime procedurals that relied on several cliffhangers per episode (to extend viewership throughout the commercials) and pat endings. But streaming television, which is often commercial-free, rewards audiences who watch for several hours at a time. People don’t have to stop after one episode of House of Cards on Netflix or Downton Abbey on Amazon Video; they can watch as much as they want. Combining the aesthetic of film, the episodic nature of traditional television, and the “binge” potential of a novel or Wagnerian opera, the near future of television isn’t bound by the straitjacket of one-hour blocks. It’s “long-form”—or, perhaps, any-form. Meanwhile, smaller content is eroding television from the bottom. In April 2013, Robby Ayala, a Florida Atlantic University senior, posted several videos making fun of the campus’s abundance of raccoons on Vine, a defunct social network of six-second loops that, for millions of young people, made for better television than television.


pages: 300 words: 106,520

The Nanny State Made Me: A Story of Britain and How to Save It by Stuart Maconie

banking crisis, basic income, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, Boris Johnson, British Empire, cognitive dissonance, collective bargaining, Corn Laws, David Attenborough, Desert Island Discs, don't be evil, Downton Abbey, Elon Musk, Etonian, failed state, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, full employment, G4S, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, helicopter parent, hiring and firing, housing crisis, job automation, Mark Zuckerberg, market fundamentalism, Marshall McLuhan, North Sea oil, Own Your Own Home, plutocrats, Plutocrats, rent control, Right to Buy, road to serfdom, Silicon Valley, The Chicago School, universal basic income, Winter of Discontent

Entering Paul McCartney’s childhood council-house home at 20 Forthlin Road, Allerton, Merseyside, American visitors are often visibly shocked by how tiny it is and how plain, spartan even. John Lennon’s was slightly bigger and thus he’s routinely and wrongly labelled as ‘middle class’. But his dad was an itinerant galley hand and he was brought up by an aunt in a modest Liverpool street. Posher than Macca, maybe, but it’s hardly Downton Abbey. But from these tiny, unassuming houses on drab streets, from terraced streets across the north, or unlovely boroughs of London, from mill towns and ports, factories and coalfields, were to come the working-class kids who would shake the world with every shake of their heads. In the arts generally – music, theatre, literature certainly – it’s clear that cuts to benefits, the decline of the art school (where many a luminous layabout found room to bloom), the removal of grants and the growth of intern cuture are making it increasingly a playground for the comfortably off.


pages: 339 words: 103,546

Blood and Oil: Mohammed Bin Salman's Ruthless Quest for Global Power by Bradley Hope, Justin Scheck

augmented reality, Ayatollah Khomeini, clean water, coronavirus, distributed generation, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, Elon Musk, Exxon Valdez, Google Earth, high net worth, Jeff Bezos, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, MITM: man-in-the-middle, new economy, Peter Thiel, ride hailing / ride sharing, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, sovereign wealth fund, starchitect, Steve Jobs, Tim Cook: Apple, trade route, Travis Kalanick, Uber for X, urban planning, women in the workforce, young professional, zero day

Arabic sometimes feels like the store’s second language because of all the rich shoppers on holiday from Dubai, Riyadh, and Kuwait City. Few Qataris better exemplify the absurdly rich lifestyle of the Al Thanis than Hamad bin Abdullah Al Thani, Tamim’s first cousin, who has the jaunty look of a 1920s robber baron. After a life spent frolicking in museums while living on French estates and in high-class hotels, Hamad forged an existence that could only be compared to the one depicted in the television series Downton Abbey. After buying an old city mansion in London, he refurbished it to its early-twentieth-century grandeur, with seventeen bedrooms and a staff of domestic servants who changed into white ties and coattails at 6 p.m. promptly. Queen Elizabeth II, the United Kingdom’s reigning monarch, visited for supper on several occasions. Hamad liked to exhibit pieces from his collection of Indian jewelry once belonging to maharajas and other notables.


pages: 335 words: 114,039

David Mitchell: Back Story by David Mitchell

British Empire, call centre, correlation does not imply causation, credit crunch, Desert Island Discs, Downton Abbey, energy security, Kickstarter, lateral thinking

I don’t want to move on – I just want to carry on. And that’s an increasingly unacceptable aspiration in our age. People say, ‘If you’re not moving forwards, you’re moving backwards.’ Well, I’m not moving forwards any more. For the first time in a long while I’m standing still. Picture Section The ageing process is terribly cruel. The child of a thousand nervous faces You’d have to be a sneering Downton Abbey sceptic to spot the anachronisms in my beloved ‘eighteenth-century king’ get-up. Today, His Majesty is holding the royal secateurs. If you want to look cool, you first have to feel cool. You then have to do a lot of other things. Despite the smile, I am bitterly aware that this outfit is humiliatingly baggy. Here, I am guarding some nascent runner beans. The Kilburn High Road: ‘The closer you look, the better it gets.’


pages: 374 words: 114,660

The Great Escape: Health, Wealth, and the Origins of Inequality by Angus Deaton

"Robert Solow", Admiral Zheng, agricultural Revolution, Branko Milanovic, BRICs, British Empire, call centre, clean water, colonial exploitation, Columbian Exchange, creative destruction, declining real wages, Downton Abbey, end world poverty, financial innovation, germ theory of disease, Gini coefficient, illegal immigration, income inequality, invention of agriculture, invisible hand, John Snow's cholera map, knowledge economy, Louis Pasteur, low skilled workers, new economy, purchasing power parity, randomized controlled trial, rent-seeking, rising living standards, Ronald Reagan, Simon Kuznets, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, structural adjustment programs, The Spirit Level, too big to fail, trade route, very high income, War on Poverty

Women have traditionally done many of these jobs, and this has put further pressure on the men whose jobs have been lost. The much richer people who have been doing really well (on which more below) also want services, from restaurant workers, daycare workers, nannies, doulas, dog walkers, cleaners, and personal shoppers all the way to private chefs, chauffeurs, and pilots. In this respect, we have recreated something like the old European aristocracy, in which great landowners employed armies of retainers—Downton Abbey in the Hamptons or Palm Beach.18 To the extent that these service groups remain at the bottom of the distribution, earnings and jobs have been polarized, expanding at the very top and at the very bottom, but not at all in the middle.19 Politics and Inequality Politics has affected wages among low-paid workers. The minimum wage is set by Congress—in 2013 it was $7.25 an hour or $14,500 for a two-thousand-hour year—and some states have their own minimum wages, eighteen of which are higher than the federal rate.


pages: 395 words: 116,675

The Evolution of Everything: How New Ideas Emerge by Matt Ridley

"Robert Solow", affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, AltaVista, altcoin, anthropic principle, anti-communist, bank run, banking crisis, barriers to entry, bitcoin, blockchain, Boris Johnson, British Empire, Broken windows theory, Columbian Exchange, computer age, Corn Laws, cosmological constant, creative destruction, Credit Default Swap, crony capitalism, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, demographic transition, Deng Xiaoping, discovery of DNA, Donald Davies, double helix, Downton Abbey, Edward Glaeser, Edward Lorenz: Chaos theory, Edward Snowden, endogenous growth, epigenetics, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, facts on the ground, falling living standards, Ferguson, Missouri, financial deregulation, financial innovation, Frederick Winslow Taylor, Geoffrey West, Santa Fe Institute, George Gilder, George Santayana, Gunnar Myrdal, Henri Poincaré, hydraulic fracturing, imperial preference, income per capita, indoor plumbing, interchangeable parts, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Jane Jacobs, Jeff Bezos, joint-stock company, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Arrow, Kevin Kelly, Khan Academy, knowledge economy, land reform, Lao Tzu, long peace, Lyft, M-Pesa, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, means of production, meta analysis, meta-analysis, mobile money, money: store of value / unit of account / medium of exchange, Mont Pelerin Society, moral hazard, Necker cube, obamacare, out of africa, packet switching, peer-to-peer, phenotype, Pierre-Simon Laplace, price mechanism, profit motive, RAND corporation, random walk, Ray Kurzweil, rent-seeking, reserve currency, Richard Feynman, rising living standards, road to serfdom, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, Satoshi Nakamoto, Second Machine Age, sharing economy, smart contracts, South Sea Bubble, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thorstein Veblen, transaction costs, twin studies, uber lyft, women in the workforce

On eighteenth-century liberalism, the lectures of Stephen Davies, online at IEA.com are especially good. On the history of government, Micklethwait, John and Wooldridge, Adrian 2014. The Fourth Revolution. Allen Lane. On the politics of Adam Smith, see Rothschild, Emma 2001. Economic Sentiments: Adam Smith, Condorcet and the Enlightenment. Harvard University Press. On Hamilton and Jefferson, see Will, George 2014. Progressives take lessons from ‘Downton Abbey’. Washington Post 12 February 2014. On British liberal thinking, Martineau, Harriet 1832–1834. Illustrations of political economy. Also Micklethwait, John and Wooldridge, Adrian 2014. The Fourth Revolution. Allen Lane. On free trade, Bernstein, William 2008. A Splendid Exchange: How Trade Shaped the World. Atlantic Monthly Press. Also Lampe, Markus 2009. Effects of bilateralism and the MFN clause on international trade – Evidence for the Cobden-Chevalier Network (1860–1875). dev3.cepr. org.


Sam Friedman and Daniel Laurison by The Class Ceiling Why it Pays to be Privileged (2019, Policy Press)

affirmative action, Boris Johnson, discrete time, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, equal pay for equal work, gender pay gap, gig economy, Gini coefficient, glass ceiling, Hyperloop, if you build it, they will come, income inequality, invisible hand, job satisfaction, knowledge economy, longitudinal study, meta analysis, meta-analysis, nudge unit, old-boy network, performance metric, psychological pricing, school choice, Skype, starchitect, The Spirit Level, unpaid internship, upwardly mobile

She went to drama school in Wales and had since built a fragmented but financially successful career as a film actor. However, Mia explained that her entire career had revolved around playing a very one-dimensional type of character. It began, she explained, when she played a heroin-addicted mother in a big-budget film: After that I’ve always, always got cast as working-class victims. Always. Put it this way, if Downton Abbey was on then I would certainly be below stairs [laughs]. I swear to god I have lost children about 15 times onscreen; the battered wife, the junkie or someone who has lost a child because of their badness or carelessness. What was significant about Mia’s typecast is that it was clearly classed and gendered. While she shared Molly’s exasperation at continually playing passive female characters, as a woman with a “strong Scottish accent”, the working-class characters 96 The Bank of Mum and Dad she had been offered were even more restricted.


iPad: The Missing Manual, Fifth Edition by J.D. Biersdorfer

clockwatching, cloud computing, Downton Abbey, Firefox, Google Chrome, Internet Archive, Skype, stealth mode startup

To get the book onto your iPad, choose File→Add to Library in iTunes. When you get the file in iTunes, sync your iPad as described on the previous page. Once it’s on your iPad, it looks just like a regular iBook. Read an iBook Of COURSE, READING AN iBook isn’t the same as cracking open the spine of a leather-bound volume while you relax in an English club chair. But really—who reads books that way anymore (except characters on Downton Abbey)? Reading books in the 21st century can involve anything from squinting through Boswell’s Life of Johnson on a mobile phone to gobbling down the latest Danielle Steel epic on the oversized Kindle DX e-reader. Then there’s the iPad way. Tap open a book in your Library, and then tap one of its pages to see these controls: Library. Tap here to leave your current book and go back to the iBooks bookshelf.


pages: 402 words: 126,835

The Job: The Future of Work in the Modern Era by Ellen Ruppel Shell

3D printing, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, airport security, Albert Einstein, Amazon Mechanical Turk, basic income, Baxter: Rethink Robotics, big-box store, blue-collar work, Buckminster Fuller, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Clayton Christensen, cloud computing, collective bargaining, computer vision, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, deskilling, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, factory automation, follow your passion, Frederick Winslow Taylor, future of work, game design, glass ceiling, hiring and firing, immigration reform, income inequality, industrial robot, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, job automation, job satisfaction, John Markoff, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, Joseph Schumpeter, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, Kodak vs Instagram, labor-force participation, low skilled workers, Lyft, manufacturing employment, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, means of production, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, new economy, Norbert Wiener, obamacare, offshore financial centre, Paul Samuelson, precariat, Ralph Waldo Emerson, risk tolerance, Robert Gordon, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Rodney Brooks, Ronald Reagan, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, shareholder value, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Snapchat, Steve Jobs, The Chicago School, Thomas L Friedman, Thorstein Veblen, Tim Cook: Apple, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, universal basic income, urban renewal, white picket fence, working poor, Y Combinator, young professional, zero-sum game

“The barbarian is lazy and differs from the educated man in his dull and solitary brooding,” he wrote, “for practical education consists precisely in the need and habit of being occupied.” Yet while the gentry might have been occupied in Victorian times, it was not generally with what many of us today would call an occupation. Aristocrats harbored no ambition to be “employed,” and many looked down on those who did. (Fans of the addictive PBS costume drama Downton Abbey saw Richard Clarkson, a physician, patronized by the aristocracy as a sort of high-class servant, as was the teacher Sarah Bunting.) Indeed, leisure historian Benjamin Hunnicutt has shown that through most of human history progress meant “opening up a life beyond pecuniary—to family, community, the life of the mind”: that is, toiling no more than absolutely necessary to sustain a decent life.


Building and Dwelling: Ethics for the City by Richard Sennett

Buckminster Fuller, car-free, clean water, cognitive dissonance, complexity theory, creative destruction, dematerialisation, Deng Xiaoping, double helix, Downton Abbey, East Village, en.wikipedia.org, Frank Gehry, ghettoisation, housing crisis, illegal immigration, informal economy, interchangeable parts, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Jane Jacobs, Joseph Schumpeter, Kickstarter, Mark Zuckerberg, Masdar, mass immigration, means of production, megacity, new economy, Nicholas Carr, Norbert Wiener, open borders, place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Richard Florida, Shoshana Zuboff, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, smart cities, Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia, the built environment, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, urban planning, urban renewal, Victor Gruen

Perhaps people need these proven brands in a city where everything is happening at a pace and on a scale that locals, no more than visitors like myself, cannot comprehend. Perhaps there is a general rule at work: as the political economy rushes forwards, architectural taste looks backwards. True, not only Chinese seek the reassurance offered by the simulation of a proven brand; the Poundbury enclave sponsored by Prince Charles is currently a hot property spot because so many people are drawn, as to the fictional Downton Abbey, to a romantic version of the ‘real’ England. Yet in China, as is not true in Britain, there is a relentless push to move forwards. In Shanghai, Madame Q loathed commercial appropriations of the past, out of nationalist sentiment about the ‘Chinese mission’. Despite her sufferings at the hands of the regime, she still was an idealist of sorts – like those prisoners in the Russian gulag who clung to the belief that ‘if only Stalin knew’ they would be freed.


pages: 513 words: 141,153

The Spider Network: The Wild Story of a Math Genius, a Gang of Backstabbing Bankers, and One of the Greatest Scams in Financial History by David Enrich

Bernie Sanders, call centre, centralized clearinghouse, computerized trading, Credit Default Swap, Downton Abbey, Flash crash, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, information asymmetry, interest rate derivative, interest rate swap, London Interbank Offered Rate, London Whale, Long Term Capital Management, Nick Leeson, Northern Rock, Occupy movement, performance metric, profit maximization, tulip mania, zero-sum game

A few assumed it was an official interest rate set by a British government agency. None of them had heard of the BBA. * * * Once a year, many of the world’s leading financial regulators gathered at a sprawling estate in the English countryside. About two hours by car outside London, Wiston House was built in the late sixteenth century on a property that spanned six thousand acres of rolling hills and farmland. The majestic stone mansion was straight out of Downton Abbey. Wiston House now served as an elaborate conference center, and a British government agency charged with organizing meetings to enhance global unity was one of the main outfits that used the space. Among its events was the annual regulatory shindig. Gretchen Lowe was unhappy when she arrived. Back in Washington, her bosses, McGonagle and Obie, had been growing antsy. The Libor investigation appeared dormant.


pages: 497 words: 150,205

European Spring: Why Our Economies and Politics Are in a Mess - and How to Put Them Right by Philippe Legrain

3D printing, Airbnb, Asian financial crisis, bank run, banking crisis, barriers to entry, Basel III, battle of ideas, Berlin Wall, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Boris Johnson, Bretton Woods, BRICs, British Empire, business cycle, business process, capital controls, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Carmen Reinhart, Celtic Tiger, central bank independence, centre right, cleantech, collaborative consumption, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collective bargaining, corporate governance, creative destruction, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, crony capitalism, currency manipulation / currency intervention, currency peg, debt deflation, Diane Coyle, disruptive innovation, Downton Abbey, Edward Glaeser, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, energy transition, eurozone crisis, fear of failure, financial deregulation, first-past-the-post, forward guidance, full employment, Gini coefficient, global supply chain, Growth in a Time of Debt, hiring and firing, hydraulic fracturing, Hyman Minsky, Hyperloop, immigration reform, income inequality, interest rate derivative, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Irish property bubble, James Dyson, Jane Jacobs, job satisfaction, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Rogoff, Kickstarter, labour market flexibility, labour mobility, liquidity trap, margin call, Martin Wolf, mittelstand, moral hazard, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, North Sea oil, Northern Rock, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, open economy, peer-to-peer rental, price stability, private sector deleveraging, pushing on a string, quantitative easing, Richard Florida, rising living standards, risk-adjusted returns, Robert Gordon, savings glut, school vouchers, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, smart grid, smart meter, software patent, sovereign wealth fund, Steve Jobs, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, total factor productivity, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, working-age population, Zipcar

While a rudimentary welfare state existed in Germany and Britain, social protections were generally minimal.518 Compulsory education for all was a novelty and the school leaving age in Britain was twelve. Lives were much shorter: life expectancy at birth was fifty-nine years in Denmark, fifty-two in Britain, forty-three in Germany and thirty-five in Albania.519 People were much poorer: income per person in Britain, the richest country in Europe, was lower than Jamaica’s today.520 Electricity, cars and the telephone were novel luxuries: remember the first season of Downton Abbey. Since even the richest did not have access to technologies that we take for granted, such as antibiotics, airplanes and television, their living standards were lower than today’s poor in many respects. By 1934, Europe was in the grips of the Great Depression, with millions unemployed and scarcely a social safety net (although the school leaving age in Britain had risen to fourteen). The working classes were flexing their muscles.


pages: 525 words: 153,356

The People: The Rise and Fall of the Working Class, 1910-2010 by Selina Todd

call centre, collective bargaining, conceptual framework, credit crunch, deindustrialization, deskilling, different worldview, Downton Abbey, financial independence, full employment, income inequality, longitudinal study, manufacturing employment, Neil Kinnock, New Urbanism, Red Clydeside, rent control, Right to Buy, rising living standards, sexual politics, strikebreaker, The Spirit Level, unemployed young men, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban renewal, Winter of Discontent, women in the workforce, young professional

Her father, Fred Hirst, was a welder and her mother, Jean, had left the dole queues of inter-war Scotland with her best friend Nancy for the high life of shop work in Woolworths in Leeds. The Hirsts lived in Hunslet, the same industrial district from which Richard Hoggart, author of The Uses of Literacy, hailed. But their experience didn’t reflect the romantic idyll of respectability described by Hoggart, nor the stable society of Downton Abbey. The story I heard was one about the increasing economic and political clout of the working class – especially during and after the Second World War, when factory workers and soldiers became ‘the people’, and increasingly central to political debate and British culture. But it was also a story about fighting for everything you got, whether by escaping from domestic service in the 1920s; making sure you were in a reserved occupation so you didn’t have to fight ‘their’ war in the 1940s; or throwing orange peel and jeering at Winston Churchill when he appeared on cinema screens in the early 1950s, because it was Labour who had ensured that the ‘people’s war’ brought about a ‘people’s peace’ of welfare and full employment.


pages: 579 words: 160,351

Breaking News: The Remaking of Journalism and Why It Matters Now by Alan Rusbridger

accounting loophole / creative accounting, Airbnb, banking crisis, Bernie Sanders, Boris Johnson, centre right, Chelsea Manning, citizen journalism, cross-subsidies, crowdsourcing, David Attenborough, David Brooks, death of newspapers, Donald Trump, Doomsday Book, Double Irish / Dutch Sandwich, Downton Abbey, Edward Snowden, Etonian, Filter Bubble, forensic accounting, Frank Gehry, future of journalism, G4S, high net worth, invention of movable type, invention of the printing press, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, Julian Assange, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, natural language processing, New Journalism, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, open borders, packet switching, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, pre–internet, ransomware, recommendation engine, Ruby on Rails, sexual politics, Silicon Valley, Skype, Snapchat, social web, Socratic dialogue, sovereign wealth fund, speech recognition, Steve Jobs, The Wisdom of Crowds, Tim Cook: Apple, traveling salesman, upwardly mobile, WikiLeaks

The media and public were torn between those who saw Assange as a new kind of cyber-messiah and those who regarded him as a James Bond villain. Each extremity projected onto him superhuman powers of good or evil. The saga became even more confused in December 2010 when, as part of his bail conditions, Assange had to live at Ellingham Hall, a Georgian manor set in hundreds of acres of Suffolk countryside. It was as if a Stieg Larsson novel had been passed to the writer of Downton Abbey, Julian Fellowes. But – despite the tensions and the shouting matches and the disappearances and the threats and the silences – we produced some rather important reporting. As Sarah Ellison’s Vanity Fair piece on the subject concluded: ‘Whatever the differences, the results have been extraordinary. Given the range, depth, and accuracy of the leaks, the collaboration has produced by any standard one of the greatest journalistic scoops of the last 30 years.’2 * The series of stories which grabbed the attention of media, politicians and public around the world began on 25 July 2010.


pages: 1,181 words: 163,692

Lonely Planet Wales (Travel Guide) by Lonely Planet

active transport: walking or cycling, back-to-the-land, car-free, carbon footprint, Downton Abbey, global village, haute cuisine, Kickstarter, land reform, offshore financial centre, period drama, sensible shoes, trade route, urban renewal

The adjoining 'gilt room' is blanketed in goldleaf and paintings of bare-breasted mythological figures; you're invited to recline on the day bed in order to get a better look. In another parlour there are period costumes to try on and board games to play. The decor of the upstairs bedrooms jumps forward in time to the 1930s, when Evan Morgan was hosting his fabulous parties at Tredegar. For the full Downton Abbey experience, head 'below stairs' to explore the preserve of the Morgan's numerous servants. St Woolos CathedralCHURCH (%07933 627594; www.newportcathedral.org.uk; Stow Hill; h7.45am-5.30pm Mon-Fri, 10am-6pm Sat, to 8pm Sun) A steep 10-minute walk uphill from the main shopping strip leads to Newport's ancient cathedral. The building provides a fascinating journey through history via a succession of distinct architectural styles.


pages: 522 words: 162,310

Fantasyland: How America Went Haywire: A 500-Year History by Kurt Andersen

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, animal electricity, anti-communist, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, augmented reality, back-to-the-land, Bernie Sanders, British Empire, Burning Man, California gold rush, Celebration, Florida, centre right, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, corporate governance, Credit Default Swap, David Brooks, delayed gratification, dematerialisation, disintermediation, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, Donner party, Downton Abbey, Edward Snowden, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, failed state, Ferguson, Missouri, God and Mammon, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, high net worth, illegal immigration, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, John von Neumann, Kickstarter, large denomination, Mark Zuckerberg, market fundamentalism, McMansion, Mikhail Gorbachev, Minecraft, moral panic, mutually assured destruction, new economy, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, placebo effect, pre–internet, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, smart meter, Snapchat, South Sea Bubble, Steve Jobs, Ted Kaczynski, the scientific method, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, trade route, transcontinental railway, urban renewal, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks, Y2K, young professional

Each new wave of entertaining fiction was more immersive than earlier ones, seemed more real. As this output seeped and then gushed into everyday life, the old willing suspension of belief was joined by unconscious suspension of disbelief, all the unreality that we tend to forget is unreal. By that I mean everything from a brand-new Mediterranean villa in Wichita or an eighteen-room log cabin in Scottsdale, each with a lawn meant to evoke Currier & Ives or Downton Abbey, to the shopping centers simulating the simulations of Main Street USA and EPCOT, to surgically fictionalized faces and bodies. Now there are casinos in forty of the fifty states (and other kinds of legal gambling in almost all the rest) where people sit for hours or days at a time magically thinking they’re a moment away from becoming rich. We’ve made ourselves into one transcontinental gambling hall, each of our thousand casinos another room in the labyrinthine national casino occupied by millions of Americans all the time, Las Vegas only its magnificent center, Emerald City in our coast-to-coast Land of Oz.


Lonely Planet Colombia (Travel Guide) by Lonely Planet, Alex Egerton, Tom Masters, Kevin Raub

airport security, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, colonial rule, Columbian Exchange, Downton Abbey, El Camino Real, Francisco Pizarro, friendly fire, glass ceiling, haute couture, land reform, low cost airline, low cost carrier, race to the bottom, sustainable-tourism, urban sprawl

oOrchidsBOUTIQUE HOTEL ( MAP GOOGLE MAP ; %745-5438; www.theorchidshotel.com; Carrera 5 No 10-55; r COP$550,000, ste COP$660,000; iW) Behind the mauve facade hides La Candelaria's most discerning and posh choice, an intimate eight-room boutique hotel absolutely beaming with historic character. Every generously spacious room dabbles in a different design scheme, but period furniture (some original to the historic mansion), four-poster beds, porcelain sinks and thick wooden writing desks are just some of the details on display here. The stylish staff is decked out in purple-accented butler-type fare (think Latin Downton Abbey!) and the by-reservation-only restaurant serves a menu created by Harry Sassoon, one of Bogotá's most famous chefs. oCasa DecoBOUTIQUE HOTEL ( MAP GOOGLE MAP ; %282-8640; www.hotelcasadeco.com; Calle 12C No 2-36; s/d incl breakfast from COP$190,000/229,000; iW) A 21-room gem run by an Italian emerald dealer (no pun intended), this discerning option is a serious step up from the sea of hostels surrounding it.


pages: 677 words: 206,548

Future Crimes: Everything Is Connected, Everyone Is Vulnerable and What We Can Do About It by Marc Goodman

23andMe, 3D printing, active measures, additive manufacturing, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, airport security, Albert Einstein, algorithmic trading, artificial general intelligence, Asilomar, Asilomar Conference on Recombinant DNA, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, Baxter: Rethink Robotics, Bill Joy: nanobots, bitcoin, Black Swan, blockchain, borderless world, Brian Krebs, business process, butterfly effect, call centre, Charles Lindbergh, Chelsea Manning, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, computer vision, connected car, corporate governance, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, data acquisition, data is the new oil, Dean Kamen, disintermediation, don't be evil, double helix, Downton Abbey, drone strike, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, Filter Bubble, Firefox, Flash crash, future of work, game design, global pandemic, Google Chrome, Google Earth, Google Glasses, Gordon Gekko, high net worth, High speed trading, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, hypertext link, illegal immigration, impulse control, industrial robot, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet of things, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, John Harrison: Longitude, John Markoff, Joi Ito, Jony Ive, Julian Assange, Kevin Kelly, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, Kuwabatake Sanjuro: assassination market, Law of Accelerating Returns, Lean Startup, license plate recognition, lifelogging, litecoin, low earth orbit, M-Pesa, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, Menlo Park, Metcalfe’s law, MITM: man-in-the-middle, mobile money, more computing power than Apollo, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Nate Silver, national security letter, natural language processing, obamacare, Occupy movement, Oculus Rift, off grid, offshore financial centre, optical character recognition, Parag Khanna, pattern recognition, peer-to-peer, personalized medicine, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, Peter Thiel, pre–internet, RAND corporation, ransomware, Ray Kurzweil, refrigerator car, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Rodney Brooks, Ross Ulbricht, Satoshi Nakamoto, Second Machine Age, security theater, self-driving car, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, smart cities, smart grid, smart meter, Snapchat, social graph, software as a service, speech recognition, stealth mode startup, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, strong AI, Stuxnet, supply-chain management, technological singularity, telepresence, telepresence robot, Tesla Model S, The Future of Employment, The Wisdom of Crowds, Tim Cook: Apple, trade route, uranium enrichment, Wall-E, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, Wave and Pay, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, web application, Westphalian system, WikiLeaks, Y Combinator, zero day

Our Growing Digital World—What They Never Told You By 2013, Americans were spending more than five hours a day online with their digital devices. We read the news on Web sites run by CNN, the New York Times, and ESPN. We check our bank balances at Citibank and Wells Fargo. We shop at Amazon and Macy’s. We pay our ConEd and Comcast bills, make appointments with our doctors, and check our health insurance with Blue Cross. We watch House of Cards on Netflix and Downton Abbey on Hulu. And that’s just the beginning. Take a moment to think about how you used your smart phone today. Eighty percent of us check our mobile phones for messages within fifteen minutes of waking up. Did you provide a quick status update today to your friends on Facebook? You’ll probably get a “Like” or two or maybe a funny comment from a friend. And what about those selfies you sent your boyfriend?


pages: 775 words: 208,604

The Great Leveler: Violence and the History of Inequality From the Stone Age to the Twenty-First Century by Walter Scheidel

agricultural Revolution, assortative mating, basic income, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Branko Milanovic, British Empire, capital controls, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, collective bargaining, colonial rule, Columbian Exchange, conceptual framework, corporate governance, cosmological principle, crony capitalism, dark matter, declining real wages, demographic transition, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Downton Abbey, Edward Glaeser, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial deregulation, fixed income, Francisco Pizarro, full employment, Gini coefficient, global pandemic, hiring and firing, income inequality, John Markoff, knowledge worker, land reform, land tenure, low skilled workers, means of production, mega-rich, Network effects, nuclear winter, offshore financial centre, plutocrats, Plutocrats, race to the bottom, recommendation engine, rent control, rent-seeking, road to serfdom, Robert Gordon, Ronald Reagan, Second Machine Age, Simon Kuznets, The Future of Employment, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, transaction costs, transatlantic slave trade, universal basic income, very high income, working-age population, zero-sum game

Variation in the coercive power of rulers and capital owners allowed plague to raise real wages in some societies but not in others; the world wars flattened the distribution of market incomes in some economies but encouraged ambitious redistributive schemes in others; Mao’s revolution wiped out “landlords” but promoted inequalities between cities and countryside. But there was always one Big Reason behind every known episode of substantial leveling. There was one Big Reason why John D. Rockefeller was an entire order of magnitude richer in real terms than his richest compatriots one and two generations later, why the Britain of Downton Abbey gave way to a society known for universal free healthcare and powerful labor unions, why in industrialized nations around the globe the gap between rich and poor was so much smaller in the third quarter of the twentieth century than it had been at its beginning—and, indeed, why a hundred generations earlier ancient Spartans and Athenians had embraced ideals of equality and sought to put them into practice.


pages: 829 words: 229,566

This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. The Climate by Naomi Klein

1960s counterculture, activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, battle of ideas, Berlin Wall, big-box store, bilateral investment treaty, British Empire, business climate, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, carbon footprint, clean water, Climategate, cognitive dissonance, coherent worldview, colonial rule, Community Supported Agriculture, complexity theory, crony capitalism, decarbonisation, deindustrialization, dematerialisation, different worldview, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, energy security, energy transition, equal pay for equal work, Exxon Valdez, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, feminist movement, financial deregulation, food miles, Food sovereignty, global supply chain, hydraulic fracturing, ice-free Arctic, immigration reform, income per capita, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet Archive, invention of the steam engine, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Jones Act, Kickstarter, light touch regulation, market fundamentalism, moral hazard, Naomi Klein, new economy, Nixon shock, Occupy movement, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, open borders, patent troll, Pearl River Delta, planetary scale, post-oil, profit motive, quantitative easing, race to the bottom, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Rana Plaza, renewable energy transition, Ronald Reagan, smart grid, special economic zone, Stephen Hawking, Stewart Brand, structural adjustment programs, Ted Kaczynski, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, trickle-down economics, Upton Sinclair, uranium enrichment, urban planning, urban sprawl, wages for housework, walkable city, Washington Consensus, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks

For the rest of the afternoon, our tense discussions about the ethics of blocking the sun are periodically interrupted by loud cheers coming from next door. The reason for the cheering is, we are told, a corporate secret, but the team from Audi is obviously very happy about something—next season’s models, perhaps, or maybe sales figures. The Royal Society regularly rents out Chicheley Hall for corporate retreats and Downton Abbey–inspired weddings so the fact that these two meetings are taking place cheek-by-jowl in a country mansion is, of course, pure coincidence. Still, separated by nothing more than a thin sliding wall, it’s hard not to feel that the angsty would-be geoengineers and the carefree German car sellers are in conversation with each other—as if, more than anything, the reckless experiments the people in our room are attempting to rationalize are really about allowing the car people in the next room to keep their party going.


pages: 1,104 words: 302,176

The Rise and Fall of American Growth: The U.S. Standard of Living Since the Civil War (The Princeton Economic History of the Western World) by Robert J. Gordon

"Robert Solow", 3D printing, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airline deregulation, airport security, Apple II, barriers to entry, big-box store, blue-collar work, business cycle, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Charles Lindbergh, clean water, collective bargaining, computer age, creative destruction, deindustrialization, Detroit bankruptcy, discovery of penicillin, Donner party, Downton Abbey, Edward Glaeser, en.wikipedia.org, Erik Brynjolfsson, everywhere but in the productivity statistics, feminist movement, financial innovation, full employment, George Akerlof, germ theory of disease, glass ceiling, high net worth, housing crisis, immigration reform, impulse control, income inequality, income per capita, indoor plumbing, industrial robot, inflight wifi, interchangeable parts, invention of agriculture, invention of air conditioning, invention of the sewing machine, invention of the telegraph, invention of the telephone, inventory management, James Watt: steam engine, Jeff Bezos, jitney, job automation, John Markoff, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, labor-force participation, Loma Prieta earthquake, Louis Daguerre, Louis Pasteur, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, Mark Zuckerberg, market fragmentation, Mason jar, mass immigration, mass incarceration, McMansion, Menlo Park, minimum wage unemployment, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, new economy, Norbert Wiener, obamacare, occupational segregation, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, payday loans, Peter Thiel, pink-collar, Productivity paradox, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, refrigerator car, rent control, Robert X Cringely, Ronald Coase, school choice, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, Skype, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Pinker, The Market for Lemons, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, Thomas Malthus, total factor productivity, transaction costs, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, undersea cable, Unsafe at Any Speed, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban sprawl, washing machines reduced drudgery, Washington Consensus, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters, working poor, working-age population, Works Progress Administration, yellow journalism, yield management

The small percentage of women who entered the labor market found themselves cordoned off into female occupations, working to manufacture apparel or as clerks, nurses, or school teachers. They were usually paid half of male wages. Employment in the market was more common for younger women who had not yet married, and this employment was primarily in domestic service, which occupied fully 8 percent of the labor force. This world of Upstairs, Downstairs and Downton Abbey created for many women jobs that were not dangerous as male blue-collar jobs but shared with them the unforgiving discipline of fixed and long hours of work and daily rites of subservience. The chapter traces how working conditions improved over time along multiple dimensions. The share of farm workers declined, hours of manufacturing workers declined, and workforce discipline became less tyrannical as workers protested and as the endless supply of immigrants was cut off by restrictive quotas in the early 1920s.


pages: 1,540 words: 400,759

Fodor's California 2014 by Fodor's

1960s counterculture, active transport: walking or cycling, affirmative action, Asilomar, Bay Area Rapid Transit, big-box store, California gold rush, car-free, centre right, Charles Lindbergh, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, Donner party, Downton Abbey, East Village, El Camino Real, Frank Gehry, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, housing crisis, Kickstarter, Maui Hawaii, Mikhail Gorbachev, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, trade route, transcontinental railway, urban renewal, urban sprawl, white picket fence, Works Progress Administration, young professional

Beverly Hills and the Westside The shops of Beverly Hills, particularly Rodeo Drive, are a big draw for window-shopping, and leave visitors awestruck by L.A.’s glitz and excess. It’s easy to stroll this area on foot, stopping into big-name luxury jewelers and department stores such as Barneys New York and Cartier. Beverly Hills All Saints Spitalfields. The British store recently invaded Robertson Boulevard, bringing with it a rock and roll edge mixed with a dash of Downton Abbey. Look for furry vests, tough shoes, skull embellishments, and denim and khaki skirts, which, worn correctly, let them know you’re with the band. | 100 N. Robertson Blvd., Beverly Hills | 90048 | 310–432-8484 | www.us.allsaints.com. Beverly Center. This is one of the more traditional malls you can find in L.A., with eight levels of stores, including Macy’s, Bloomingdale’s, and the newer addition: luxury retailer Henri Bendel.