jitney

50 results back to index


pages: 328 words: 92,317

Machinery of Freedom: A Guide to Radical Capitalism by David Friedman

back-to-the-land, Fractional reserve banking, hiring and firing, jitney, laissez-faire capitalism, Machinery of Freedom by David Friedman, means of production, rent control, road to serfdom, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, Stewart Brand, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transaction costs, urban renewal, Vernor Vinge, Whole Earth Catalog

To apply my solution to a major city requires a private company willing to invest a million dollars or so in hardware and a few million more in advertising and organization. The cost is low because my transit system is already over 99 percent built; its essence is the more efficient use of our present multibillion dollar investment in roads and automobiles. I call it jitney transit; it can most easily be thought of as something between taxicabs and hitch-hiking. Jitney stops, like present-day bus stops, would be arranged conveniently about the city. A commuter heading into town with an empty car would stop at the first jitney stop he came to and pick up any passengers going his way. He would proceed along his normal route, dropping off passengers when he passed their stops. Each passenger would pay a fee, according to an existing schedule listing the price between any pair of stops. Would this be an efficient transportation system?

Furthermore, cars already exist and are being driven hither and yon in great numbers; the additional cost of jitney transit is merely the cost of setting up the stops and arranging price schedules and the like. Would commuters be willing to carry passengers? Given certain conditions, which I will deal with later, yes; the additional income from doing so would be far from trivial. Assume a charge of $2 a head. A commuter who regularly carried four passengers each way, five days a week, would make $4,000 a year — no mean sum. He would also convert his automobile, for tax purposes, into a business expense. There are two difficulties with jitney transit. The first is safety; the average driver is not eager to pick up strangers. This might be solved by technology. The firm setting up the jitney stops could issue magnetically coded identification cards to both drivers and potential passengers; in order to get such a card, the applicant would have to identify himself to the satisfaction of the company.

The cost of such security measures would be trivial compared to the cost of any of the current mass transit schemes. Four hundred jitney stops would blanket Chicago, with one every half mile in each direction. If the sign and the card reader cost $2,500 for each stop, the total cost would be a million dollars. The other difficulty is political. Many large cities have regulations of one sort or another to control cabs and cab drivers; these would almost certainly prohibit jitney transit. Changes in such regulations would be opposed by bus drivers, cab drivers, and cab companies. Local politicians might be skeptical of the value of a mass transit system whose construction failed to siphon billions of dollars through their hands. Jitneys are not, as it happens, a new idea. They are a common form of transportation in much of the world.


pages: 326 words: 29,543

The Docks by Bill Sharpsteen

affirmative action, anti-communist, big-box store, collective bargaining, Google Earth, intermodal, inventory management, jitney, Just-in-time delivery, new economy, Panamax, place-making, Port of Oakland, post-Panamax, RAND corporation, refrigerator car, strikebreaker, women in the workforce

From there, the cargo was raised out of the hatch, known as “topping the boom,” and swung over the ship’s deck onto the ╯ ╯ 190â•… /â•… The Hold Men dock, where the other half of the gang waited to unload the lift board. They piled the cargo on the dock, where clerks counted the boxes and confirmed that the cargo matched the manifest. A jitney, a truck with a small cab, waited to take the cargo away to the warehouse for temporary storage. Jitneys, sometimes called Fordsoms, had magneto engines that made an incredible racket when revved up, but they were powerful little trucks, able to pull a four-wheeler loaded with cargo. To support the load, the four-wheelers had heavy rubber wheels and were connected to the jitney with a hook called a stinger, named for the obvious pain it would inflict if it landed on someone’s foot. Once they took the cargo to the warehouse, the jitney drivers brought back an empty four-wheeler for another load. It may have been a simple process in theory, but it was backbreaking enough to grind down the hold men over time until, even if they needed the work, their bodies had nothing left.

As work rules evolved over the years, eventually a gang of eight could sit out half the day—two men in the hold working, two men on the dock working, while the others watched. In the same vein, longshoremen embraced the concept of multiple handling, which stipulated that cargo coming off a ship must actually touch the so-called skin of the dock. Thus once a loaded lift board was set down on the dock, the cargo couldn’t go anywhere until it had been hauled off the pallet onto the dock by longshoremen and then onto a jitney’s four-wheeler by Teamsters, who had jurisdiction at the time over loading and unloading trucks and trains. ╯ ╯ ╯ ╯ ╯ The Hold Menâ•… /â•… 193 In fairness, this also allowed clerks to easily check the cargo against their manifests before it went to the warehouse. But even the union recognized there was something less than efficient about the practice, and it no doubt occurred to everyone involved that a lift board could be loaded directly onto or off a four-wheeler.

Waterfront jobs went from father to son like a valuable inheritance. That was the tradition in San Pedro, and no matter how seductively some other vocation called, you listened to your father first. He tried taking accountant classes at night school, but that fizzled, and he became a full-time clerk whose main ambition was to stay alive, always an issue for a clerk standing amid the swinging cargo loads and rushing jitneys. He also had to wonder whether this was such a great deal: back then, clerks barely worked during the slow winter times, and he had to collect unemployment occasionally to pay the bills. It helped that he was single and could live simply. Just the same, the job had a basic honesty about it he liked. The hold man might have been the foundation on which moving cargo rested, but so much of shipping’s operation pivoted around the clerk.


pages: 243 words: 77,516

Straight to Hell: True Tales of Deviance, Debauchery, and Billion-Dollar Deals by John Lefevre

airport security, blood diamonds, buy and hold, colonial rule, credit crunch, fixed income, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, high net worth, income inequality, jitney, lateral thinking, market clearing, Occupy movement, Sloane Ranger, the market place

Given his infatuation with love monkeys and the fact that he still lives with his parents, I don’t object. The weekend festivities kick off in local style—a private jitney from the hotel to the Hobbit House. Not to be confused with the Hampton Jitney, a Manila jitney is a semi-open-air hybrid between a taxi and a bus, constructed from old World War II vehicles that the US government abandoned in the Philippines at the end of the war, complete with long bench seating. They have become a ubiquitous symbol of the local culture and tend to be ornately painted and operated by colorful street entrepreneurs. Typically, they are used to haul lower-class people long distances to their soul-crushing jobs, while crammed into an aluminum cattle car and forced to endure sweltering heat, shocking pollution, and agonizing traffic. Tonight, the jitney is like a Disney ride tour of the Valley of Ashes for a dozen investment bankers, most of whom clear seven-figure bonuses.

He then proceeds to hold it up. “Wow, do you know how ginormous this would make my cock look?” Check please! Apparently, the Hobbit House isn’t what it once might have been, or perhaps never was. It’s quite possible that we have mistaken it for the Ringside Bar in Makati, home (to this day) of midget wrestling, boxing, tossing and all-around belittling. Having been abruptly asked to leave, it’s time to jitney over to Burgos Street, the reddest street in the red-light district that is Manila. This is primarily the reason we’re staying in Makati—Burgos Street is a strip of provocative neon lights and poorly lit bars for expats who seek the company of exotic Filipina girls, while watching dance shows and consuming cheap booze. That sounds terrible, and it’s actually much worse than that. Walking around, it’s impossible not to be accosted by door girls, mama-sans, freelance “masseuses,” and other purveyors of the dark arts of Asia.

They shoo out all the riffraff, without allowing any “takeout,” and then lock the doors so that it’s just the twelve of us and thirty or forty girls. It’s an open bar, with clothing optional and the “dibs” rule in effect. My first move is to send one of the girls out to buy some plastic cups and Ping-Pong balls, which are unsurprisingly easy to find in Makati. I make sure she knows to invite our jitney driver back with her to come in and help himself. The Philippines is 98.5% Catholic, but he doesn’t seem to require much convincing. After Beer Pong slowly descends into stakes that are too punitive and sordid to recount, we move on to Liar’s Dice. But we play that every weekend in Hong Kong, and it’s too hard to stop the girls from signaling to each other. I don’t blame them for cheating. After Beer Pong, they’re petrified of the consequences of losing.


pages: 625 words: 167,097

Kiln People by David Brin

Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, index card, jitney, life extension, pattern recognition, phenotype, price anchoring, prisoner's dilemma, Schrödinger's Cat, telepresence, Vernor Vinge, your tax dollars at work

Risk isn't what realflesh is for. But this time, what choice was there? Real people still occupy some of the tallest buildings, where prestigious views are best appreciated by organic eyes. But the rest of Old Town has become a land of ghosts and golems, commuting to work each morning fresh from their owners' kilns. It's an austere realm, both tattered and colorful as zeroxed laborers file off jitneys, camionetas, and buses, their brightly colored bodies wrapped in equally bright and equally disposable paper clothes. We had to finish our raid before that daily influx of clay people arrived, so Blane hurriedly organized his rented troops in predawn twilight, two blocks from the Teller Building. While he formed squads and passed out disguises, his ebony lawyer-golem dickered with a heavily armored cop -- her visor raised as she negotiated a private enforcement permit.

Carelessly, the yellows never even bothered to check what tools I might have tucked away under pseudoflesh! Escaping turned out to be much easier than breaking in -- (too easy?) -- though Beta soon recovered and gave chase. Now I was back and victorious, right? Shutting down this operation must be a real blow to Beta's piracy enterprise. So why did I feel a sense of incompletion? Strolling away from the traffic noise -- a braying cacophony of jitney horns and bellowing dinos -- I found myself confronting an alley marked by ribbons of flickertape, specially tuned to irritate any natural human eye. "Stay Out!" the fluttering tape yammered. "Structural Danger! Stay Out!" Such warnings -- visible only to realfolk -- are growing commonplace as buildings in this part of town suffer neglect. Why bother with maintenance when the sole inhabitants are expendable clay people, cheaply replenished each day?

Nowadays shopping is either a chore -- you ask House to arrange deliveries -- or else you do it for pleasure, strolling in person along tree-lined avenues like Realpeople Lane, where balmy venturi breezes flow all year round. Either way, it's hard to picture why our parents did it in sunless grottos. A fluorescent-lit catacomb is no proper world for human beings. So now malls are set aside for the new servant class. Us clayfolk. Jitneys and scooters zip around the vast parking structure, conveying fresh dittos to clients all over town. And not just any dittos. Most bear specialized colors. Snow white for sensuality. Ebony for undiluted intellect. A particular scarlet that's oblivious to pain ... and another that experiences everything with fierce intensity. Few of these creatures return to their point of origin when the élan cells run down.


pages: 257 words: 64,285

The End of Traffic and the Future of Transport: Second Edition by David Levinson, Kevin Krizek

2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, 3D printing, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, Bay Area Rapid Transit, big-box store, Chris Urmson, collaborative consumption, commoditize, crowdsourcing, DARPA: Urban Challenge, dematerialisation, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Google Hangouts, Induced demand, intermodal, invention of the printing press, jitney, John Markoff, labor-force participation, lifelogging, Lyft, means of production, megacity, Menlo Park, Network effects, Occam's razor, oil shock, place-making, post-work, Ray Kurzweil, rent-seeking, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Gordon, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, technological singularity, Tesla Model S, the built environment, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, transaction costs, transportation-network company, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, urban renewal, women in the workforce, working-age population, Yom Kippur War, zero-sum game, Zipcar

Ranging from a scaled-up carpool where riders chip in to pay the driver/owner who is also a commuter to systems that are organized collectively with professional drivers, vanpools have long served niche markets. They face the dilemma that passengers must forego any demand for schedule flexibility. There will not be a vanpool following if you miss this one. Jitneys. Today Via, a smartphone app-powered service operating in Manhattan advertises "Smarter than the subway. Better than the bus. Cheaper than the taxi."241 Often illegal dollar vans have long served immigrant communities in New York, Los Angeles, and Miami, serving over 100,000 riders a day in New York.242 These jitney services run regular routes based on where the market lies, serving a particular set of passengers better than competing modes. The risks with such services are poaching from traditional transit services, which have developed markets in the first place.

They are licensed drivers, and any licensed driver (above a certain age and level of experience) is eligible to carry passengers. The cars are private cars (at least sometimes) though that is little different than how taxis operate in other parts of the world. Many Singaporean taxi drivers will take fares when going between where they are going anyway, but otherwise treat the taxis as a personal vehicle. Lyft now does jitney (shared taxi, dollar van, informal transport) type services, dubbed Lyft Line. (Uber has the similar UberPool) These serve either one pickup going to multiple destinations, or multiple pickups going to one destination, or multiple origins to multiple destinations, and compete with both taxi and public transit. (Though it would not be exactly fixed routes, one could imagine regular runs with a known coterie of passengers).


pages: 232

Planet of Slums by Mike Davis

barriers to entry, Branko Milanovic, Bretton Woods, British Empire, Brownian motion, centre right, clean water, conceptual framework, crony capitalism, declining real wages, deindustrialization, Deng Xiaoping, edge city, European colonialism, failed state, Gini coefficient, Hernando de Soto, housing crisis, illegal immigration, income inequality, informal economy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet Archive, jitney, jobless men, Kibera, labor-force participation, land reform, land tenure, liberation theology, low-wage service sector, mandelbrot fractal, market bubble, megacity, microcredit, Nelson Mandela, New Urbanism, Pearl River Delta, Ponzi scheme, RAND corporation, rent control, structural adjustment programs, surplus humans, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, War on Poverty, Washington Consensus, working poor

The first stage of sinisterly titled Operation Murambasvina ("Drive Out Trash") in early May was a police assault on the city's 34 flea markets. One police official reportedly urged his men: "From tomorrow, I need reports on my desk saying that we have shot people. The President has given his full support for this operation so there is nothing to fear. You should treat this operation as war."64 And the police did. Stalls and inventories were systematically burned or looted, and more than 17,000 traders and jitney drivers were arrested. A week later, the police began to bulldoze shacks in MDC strongholds as well as in pro-Mugabe slums (Chimoi and Nyadzonio, for instance) that were located in areas coveted for redevelopment. In one case, Hatcliffe Extension west of Harare, the police evicted 63 Asian Coalition for Housing Rights, "Housing by People in Asia," as well as press releases from the Asian Human Rights Commission and Urban Poor Consortium (see Urban Poor website: www.urbanpoor.or.id). 64 Munyaradzi Gwisai, "Mass Action Can Stop Operation Murambasvina," International Socialist Organisation (Zimbabwe), 30 May 2005; BBC News, 27 May 2005; Guardian, 28 May 2005; Los Angeles Times, 29 May 2005.

Simultaneously, bicycle commuters have been penalized by new license fees, restrictions on using arterial roads, and the end of the bicycle subsidies formerly paid by work units.33 The result of this collision between urban poverty and traffic congestion is sheer carnage. More than one million people — two-thirds of them pedestrians, cyclists, and passengers — are killed in road accidents in the Third World each year. " People who will never own a car in their life," reports a World Health Organization researcher, "are at the greatest risk."34 Minibuses and jitneys, often unlicensed and poorly maintained, are particularly dangerous: in Lagos, for example, the buses are known locally as danfos and molues, "flying coffins" and "moving morgues."35 Nor does the snail's pace of traffic in most poor cities reduce its lethality. Although cars and buses crawl through Cairo at average speeds of less than 10 kilometers per hour, the Egyptian capital still manages an accident rate of 8 deaths and 60 injuries per 1000 32 Sperling and Clausen, "The Developing World's Motorization Challenge," p. 3. 33 Example of Beijing in Sit, Beijing, pp. 288—89. 34 Study by WHO-funded Road Traffic Injuries Research Network, quoted in Detroit Free Press, 24 September 2002. 35 Vinand Nantulya and Michael Reich, "The Neglected Epidemic: Road Traffic Injuries in Developing Countries," British Journal of Medicine 324 (11 May 2002), pp. 1139—41.

A 1992 survey of Dar-es-Salaam estimated that the majority of the city's more than 200,000 petty traders were not the famed Mama Lishe (female food vendors) of ethnographic lore but simply unemployed youth. The researchers noted: "In general, informal petty business is the employment of last resort for the most economically vulnerable city residents."29 Moreover, informal and small-scale formal enterprises ceaselessly war with one another for economic space: street vendors versus small shopkeepers, jitneys versus public transport, and so on.30 As Bryan Roberts says about Latin America at the beginning of the twenty-first century, "the 'informal sector' grows, but incomes drop within it."31 Competition in urban informal sectors has become so intense that it recalls Darwin's famous analogy about ecological struggle in tropical nature: "Ten thousand sharp wedges [i.e., urban survival strategies] packed close together and driven inwards by incessant blows, sometimes one wedge being struck, and then another with greater force."


pages: 425 words: 117,334

City on the Verge by Mark Pendergrast

big-box store, clean water, Community Supported Agriculture, crowdsourcing, desegregation, edge city, Edward Glaeser, global village, housing crisis, hydraulic fracturing, income inequality, Jane Jacobs, jitney, liberation theology, mass incarceration, McMansion, New Urbanism, openstreetmap, Richard Florida, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, transatlantic slave trade, transit-oriented development, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, young professional

Private unlicensed autos called “jitneys” sped in front of streetcars, offering somewhat cheaper rides and greater flexibility. Many people began to consider the streetcars a nuisance, blaming them rather than automobiles for the congestion. In 1923, Atkinson’s transit company presented a “Constructive Plan for Solving Present and Future Transportation Problems of Atlanta” to the mayor, suggesting improvements to the trolley system along with supplementary bus service. The following year, a New York consulting firm headed by John Beeler submitted a scathing report. “The city’s tardiness in evolving a definite city plan, coupled with the rapid and noteworthy growth in all phases of its life, is the underlying cause of the present acute situation.” The Beeler report recommended banning jitneys, building more viaducts over the rail lines, and adding motor coach service (buses) to extend streetcar lines.

As the economy tanked, in 2010 the Clayton County commissioners abruptly cancelled C-Tran, the public bus service that had provided 2 million rides a year, leaving impoverished residents without a way to get to jobs, schools, or medical services. Some apartment complexes along the former bus lines were half empty. The county supplied many of the janitors, rental car employees, and other low-paid workers at the nearby Atlanta airport, the world’s busiest and the largest employer in Georgia. Private jitney buses, charging relatively high fees, began to ferry Clayton residents to work. According to 2010 census data, the average per capita income of the 267,000 residents of Clayton County was about $19,000, the lowest of any county near Atlanta. Clayton is shaped something like New Hampshire, long from north to south and broader at the top, with Forest Park, Riverdale, Morrow, and Jonesboro the principal cities nearest Atlanta.

., 79–80 HEALing Community Center, 148 health, 137–153 bicycling, 140–142 food deserts, 150–152 green initiatives, 144–147 health-impact assessment of BeltLine, 152 inequities, 147–149 water issues, 142–144 Helms, Ed, 225 The Help (Stockett), 291, 293 Henegar, Walter, 220 Herndon, Adrienne, 69 Herndon, Alonzo, 66–67, 69, 190, 288 Herndon, Norris, 190 Hess, Nick, 110 High, Harriet Wilson, 239 High Museum of Art, 239 highways, 41–43, 147, 245–246 Hill, Larry, 217–218, 271 Historic District Development Corporation, 181 Historic Fourth Ward Park, 10, 88–90, 126–129 author’s visit to newly completed, 178 detention ponds, 143 development around, 174–175 land purchase for, 88 Historic Mims Park, 271–272 Holston, Rose, 240 Home Depot, 49, 52, 83, 123, 163, 270 Home Park neighborhood, 41 homelessness, 6–7, 14, 23, 29, 105, 107–120, 131, 226, 248, 271 Honderd, Jack, 255 HOPE Atlanta, 110 Hopkins, Charles, 75 Horford, Al, 240 Horgan, Ron and Terry, 226 housing affordable housing percentage, developers and, 168–169, 272–274 along BeltLine, 4, 10, 21, 23, 88, 129–130, 274, 279, 282, 285 Beltline Partnership and, 91, 122, 182, 274–275, 284–285 for homeless, 112 mortgage fraud, 98 near Eastside Trail, 129–130, 268 post-WWII, 78–80 public, 6, 29, 78, 81–83, 86, 151, 162, 177, 180, 192–195, 215, 224, 250–251, 284 segregation, 71, 76–78 subsidized for police officers, 272 tax allocation district (TAD) funds and, 61–62, 92, 182, 274–275, 284–285 vacant/abandoned, 98–99, 150, 275 Howell, Clark, 72 Hulsey Rail Yard, 3, 10, 21, 50, 187, 281 Hunter, Floyd, 79 Hunter, Phil, 112 Hurt, Joel, 35–37, 67 Immergluck, Dan, 97 immigrants, 248–249, 250 Imperial Palace (KKK), 76 Inman Park neighborhood, 10, 35, 38, 76, 94, 173, 175 history of, 182 revitalization of, 182–187 Road Fight, 183–184 Victorian-era home, 185 (photo) Inman Quarter, 184 integration, 80–83, 190–191 internal combustion engine, triumph of, 38–41 Invest Atlanta, 29 see also Atlanta Development Authority ITP (inside the perimeter), 25, 243, 299 Jack and the Bean Soup (Pendergrast), 202 Jackson, Maynard, 28, 82 Jackson, Richard J., 137–139 Jackson Heights, 76 Jackson Hill, 78 James M. Cox Foundation, 56, 160, 279 Jamestown Properties, 174–175 Jews, 75–76 Jim Crow, 69, 71, 78, 87, 191, 251 jitneys, 40, 250 Johnson, Walter Lee, 79 Johnston, Arian, 221 Johnston, Chuck and JoElyn, 220–222 Johnston, Kathryn, 218, 271 Judicial in Rem, 276 Kaiser Permanente, 127, 152, 161 Katz, Becky, 142 Kaufman, David, 142–143 Keane, Tim, 267, 276–277, 283–284 Kelsey, Moriba, 199 Kennedy, Barbara, 229–230 Kennedy, Jim, 17, 126–127, 160 Kennesaw State College, 226 Kent, Phil, 55, 161 Kessler, Kyle, 264–265 Khalil, Noel, 288 King, Martin Luther, Jr., 63, 78, 80–81, 111 assassination, 190 homes of, 10, 181, 215 I Have a Dream speech, 257 King, Martin Luther, Sr., 78 King Plow Arts Center, 8, 15 KIPP school, 210–211 Knowles, Nia, 161 Koolhaas, Rem, 18 Korda, Michael, 126 Kruse, Kevin, 78, 81 Ku Klux Klan (KKK), 65–66, 72, 76–78, 81, 257 kudzu, 5, 5 (photo), 8, 14, 23, 49 labor camps, 67–68, 68 (photo), 86 Land Use Task Force, 58 Langford, Jim, 47–49, 88–89, 95, 99 Langley, Jane, 56 Lantern Parade, 131, 287–288, 287 (photo) Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design certification (LEED), 253 Leary, Brian, 121–136, 155, 157, 296 GDOT lease option, 123 Kasim Reed and, 126 on Ponce City Market, 128 promotion efforts for BeltLine project, 123–124 spending scandal, 134–135, 155 Strategic Implementation Plan, 135, 157–158 tax allocation district (TAD) and, 122–123 on T-SPLOST, 133–134 Leinberger, Christopher, 31 Levine, Greg, 146 Lewis John, 102 lighting, 128, 145, 157, 253, 280–281 Lilburn, 246 Lindsay Street Park, 271 Link, William, 66 Little Five Points, 109, 185 Livable Centers Initiative, 247, 252 Lochner, H.


pages: 409 words: 145,128

Fighting Traffic: The Dawn of the Motor Age in the American City by Peter D. Norton

clean water, Frederick Winslow Taylor, garden city movement, invisible hand, jitney, new economy, New Urbanism, Ralph Nader, Silicon Valley, smart transportation, Thorstein Veblen, Unsafe at Any Speed, urban planning, urban renewal

Bus manufacturers considered electric railways their chief customers, and assured them that the bus was an adjunct to streetcars.7 Street railways operated most city buses; their industry associa- Traffic Efficiency versus Motor Freedom 151 tion estimated that “practically all major city bus operations in the country” were run by the railways and their subsidiaries.8 Railroads bought trucks from manufacturers who marketed them as specialized supplements to freight trains. “Bulk and distance haulage is exclusively a steam railroad function,” said a truck manufacturer in 1924. “We would much rather have the railroad for a customer than a competitor.”9 The front line of battle was not between road and rail; rather, it divided regulated and unregulated modes. The most regulated vehicle in cities was the streetcar; for a time its greatest rival was the unregulated jitney.10 Their fight was an early sign of growing rivalry between those modes of transportation regulated as public utilities (whether on rails or not) and those not so regulated. Under the stress of increasing traffic congestion, regulated modes tried to expand the sphere of such regulation to other modes, while other modes fought against the application of public utility principles in urban transportation.

Older regulatory failures persisted—for example, railways had to charge the same for long and short hauls and for peak and off-peak service. But with the new pressures, the railways could no longer afford such inefficiencies. Bankruptcies crested in 1919, when 51 street railways were turned over to receivers.5 These stresses cast a shadow of popular suspicion over regulation itself. Street railways took refuge in their franchise protections, bandied them at upstarts such as jitney operators and independent bus companies, and demanded fare increases, while the quality of service declined. State public service commissions generally granted fare increases. Riders smelled a rat. Defenders of state regulation complained of a “public attitude toward utility commissions” that “has been critical rather than constructive, reflecting a feeling of uneasiness and distrust.” They noticed with frustration that the wartime fare increases “were looked upon with suspicion, even though the cost of other commodities and services was rising.”

Powell, “Function of the Motor Truck in Reducing Cost and Preventing Congestion of Freight in Railroad Terminals,” Annals 116 (Nov. 1924), 87–89; Graham, “Recent Developments in Highway Transport,” 14. See also F. W. Fenn, “Transportation–the Keynote of Prosperity,” American City 23 (Dec. 1920), 598–600). 10. Howard L. Preston, Automobile Age Atlanta: The Making of a Southern Metropolis, 1900–1935 (University of Georgia Press, 1979), 55–63; Ross D. Eckert and George W. Hilton, “The Jitneys,” Journal of Law and Economics 15 (Oct. 1972), 293–325. 11. See esp. Barrett, The Automobile and Urban Transit, esp. 211–212, and Albro Martin, Enterprise Denied: Origins of the Decline of American Railroads, 1897–1917 (Columbia University Press, 1971), and Railroads Triumphant: The Growth, Rejection, and Rebirth of a Vital American Force (Oxford University Press, 1992). For a concise and skillful analysis of a closely analogous problem, see Christopher J.


Lonely Planet Jamaica by Lonely Planet

British Empire, buttonwood tree, carbon footprint, estate planning, European colonialism, food miles, jitney, Kickstarter, talking drums, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, urban planning

Yaaman Adventure ParkPLANTATION ( GOOGLE MAP ; %994-1058; www.yaamanadventure.com; full-day package adult/child US$149/79; hMon-Sat) Formerly the more sedately named Prospect Plantation, this beautiful old hilltop great house and 405-hectare property has rebranded as an active adventure park. Get off-road in the 'wet & dirty' buggy ride. More relaxing are tours through scenic grounds among banana, cassava, cocoa, coconut, coffee, pineapple and pimento by Segway (adult/child US$76/54), horse (US$54/43) or tractor-powered jitney (US$39/22). Bamboo Beach ClubBEACH ( GOOGLE MAP ; J$1000; h9am-5pm) This clean yellow-sand beach is hustler-free and popular with tourists only, due to the high admission rate. Locals still call it by its old name, Reggae Beach. Kayaks are available for rent, and jerk chicken and fish are readily available. On a hot day with a cruise ship in Ocho Rios, the place gets absolutely packed. 5Eating oToscaniniITALIAN$$$ ( GOOGLE MAP ; %975-4785; Harmony Hall; mains US$18-45; hnoon-2pm & 6:30-10pm Tue-Sun; v) In a gingerbread house, this is one of the finest restaurants in Jamaica.

DON'T MISS YS FALLS YS Falls , a series of eight cascades hemmed in by limestone cliffs and surrounded by lush jungle, are among the most beautiful in Jamaica. The cascades fall 36m from top to bottom, separated by cool pools perfect for swimming. Lifeguards assist you with the rope swing above one of the pools and a stone staircase follows the cascades to the main waterfall. There are no lockers, so watch your stuff. The more adventurous can fly, screeching, over the falls along a canopy zip line for US$50/35 per adult/under-12. A tractor-drawn jitney takes all visitors to the cascades, where you’ll find picnic grounds, changing rooms, a tree house and a shallow pool fed with river water. Almost every tour operator in Jamaica (and many hotels) offer trips to YS Falls, but if you want to get here ahead of the crowds, drive yourself (or charter your own taxi) and arrive right when the grounds open.The YS Falls entrance is just north of the junction of the B6 toward Maggotty.

The prettiness of the place is all the more remarkable when one considers this was once the scarred remains of a bauxite mine; Patrick Lee helped bring the area back to nature after hiring locals and subsequently boosting the surrounding economy, and for this reason we give some of the wear and tear evident on the grounds a pass. The 169-hectare family nature park is only open by appointment, so call ahead. The owners also operate a tractor-pulled jitney from the old train station in Maggotty. 8Getting There & Away Public transportation vehicles infrequently arrive and depart from opposite Shakespeare Plaza at the north end of Maggotty, connecting to Mandeville (J$240) and Black River (J$210). Middle Quarters This small village on the A2, 13km north of Black River, is a tiny vortex of good eats: it’s renowned for women higglers (street vendors) who stand at the roadside selling delicious (spicy) pepper crayfish – pronounced ‘swimp’ in these parts – cooked at the roadside grills ( GOOGLE MAP ; Hwy A2; bag of shrimp J$500).


pages: 235 words: 74,200

We're Going to Need More Wine: Stories That Are Funny, Complicated, and True by Gabrielle Union

double helix, equal pay for equal work, jitney, old-boy network, period drama, pre–internet, Snapchat, women in the workforce

As soon as it blew by, everyone came back outside to the streets. It was Midwest summer, when there’s nothing to do. We were kids with no jobs, so every morning the conversation went like this: “Where are we gonna go today?” “What boy’s house can we walk to?” “Whose parents aren’t home?” “Who has a car?” Just finding somebody with a car was incredibly rare. In Pleasanton, everybody had a car. But in Omaha, people got around through what they called “jitneys”: elderly people that you knew your whole life would say, “Hey, call me if you need me to get to the store. Just give me three dollars.” Teenagers even drank differently in North Omaha. It wasn’t the binge drinking of mixed drinks in plastic cups, like in Pleasanton. If you were kicking back on the stoop you had a forty or a wine cooler. The penny candy store was right next to the liquor store, so when we hung out in front of the candy store, folks might have thought we were there to get candy, but we were really waiting on a mark.

Police knew it was Ryan who had done the shooting, and it became clear to him that this hideout plan wouldn’t last. He turned himself in. He went to prison. Lucky was killed the following summer, leading everyone to think they were the first one to say, “Guess he wasn’t so lucky.” Another friend got shot and had to wear a colostomy bag for the rest of his life. Kevin joined a gang, then his best friend Dennis died. A girl I knew stabbed a jitney driver rather than pay him five dollars. He lived. He’d known her since she was a baby and was able to tell police exactly where she lived, who her grandfather was, hell, who her great-grandmother was. Another boy that I thought was so cute shot up a Bronco Burgers. The mom of one of our friends decided she had to get her son out of Omaha. She sent him to Denver, and he got mixed up with gangs there.


pages: 428 words: 134,832

Straphanger by Taras Grescoe

active transport: walking or cycling, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airport security, Albert Einstein, big-box store, bike sharing scheme, Boris Johnson, British Empire, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, City Beautiful movement, congestion charging, correlation does not imply causation, David Brooks, deindustrialization, East Village, edge city, Enrique Peñalosa, extreme commuting, financial deregulation, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, housing crisis, hydraulic fracturing, indoor plumbing, intermodal, invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, jitney, Joan Didion, Kickstarter, Kitchen Debate, laissez-faire capitalism, Marshall McLuhan, mass immigration, McMansion, megacity, mortgage tax deduction, Network effects, New Urbanism, obamacare, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, Own Your Own Home, peak oil, pension reform, Peter Calthorpe, Ponzi scheme, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, Skype, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, transit-oriented development, union organizing, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, working poor, young professional, Zipcar

.* The streetcar, from this perspective, was so much roadkill, a victim of the irresistible American love affair with the automobile. Trolleys, it was true, were having trouble operating as automobiles brought them to a near standstill in downtowns across the United States. Pacific Electric, forced to keep its fares at a nickel and maintain service on low-demand lines, saw its business stolen on profitable routes by unregulated “jitneys” and bus companies; the company’s efficiency was further reduced by accidents as reckless drivers crisscrossed the tracks. General Motors and its co-conspirators were not solely responsible for the death of the trolley—but they did manage to deliver the decisive coup de grâce. Streetcars, in other words, didn’t simply fall off the cliff. Like the bison of the great plains, they were stampeded, recklessly and prematurely, to near extinction.

This, of course, is how public transport worked in New York, Paris, and London in the nineteenth century, with dozens of horsecar and omnibus companies competing for customers—until civic paralysis made the construction of elevateds, metros, and subways inevitable. It is still the way transit functions in many developing-world metropolises. In Manila, for example, colorful jeepneys—a melding of leftover American military Jeeps and jitneys, the unregulated shared taxis that competed with streetcars in the United States at the end of the First World War—dominate public transport. Middle-class Filipinos almost never ride the slow, crowded, and laborintensive jeepneys, which crowd busy avenues but rarely serve the suburbs. Jeepneys and busetas are the libertarian ideal of competition-in-the-market made manifest: public transport is left to the free market, with a minimum of public oversight.

As Oregon has no sales tax, the agency’s main source of revenue is a payroll tax, which all businesses, no matter their size, have to pay. Charles believes most of the money goes to feeding TriMet employees’ salaries and fringe benefits. “Transit doesn’t need any more subsidies. We need to cut the subsidies. Transit should be self-supporting. What we need is to deregulate to get rid of this behemoth TriMet, and enable private sector transit with niche markets of legalized jitneys again.” Like most libertarians, Charles believes that if transit can’t pay for itself out of the fare box, it has no business to exist. Privately owned cars should suffice for most people’s transport needs; the rest can rely on dollar vans and share taxis. The flaw in their argument is that the freeways used by private cars aren’t self-supporting, and never have been. Apologists for freeways argue that the 18.4 cents of every gallon of gas that goes to the Highway Trust Fund (an amount that hasn’t been raised since 1993, and takes only $100 a year out of the pocket of the average driver) represents a user fee—implying freeway drivers pay for the roads out of their own pockets.


Fodor's Caribbean 2012 by Fodor's Travel Publications Inc.

jitney, offshore financial centre

White Bay has a long stretch of white sand that is especially popular with boaters who come ashore for a libation at one of the beach bars. Previous Chapter | Beginning of Chapter | Next Chapter | Contents TORTOLA Previous Chapter | Next Chapter | Contents Once a sleepy backwater, Tortola is definitely busy these days, particularly when several cruise ships tie up at the Road Town dock. Passengers crowd the streets and shops, and open-air jitneys filled with cruise-ship passengers create bottlenecks on the island’s byways. That said, most folks visit Tortola to relax on its deserted sands or linger over lunch at one of its many delightful restaurants. Beaches are never more than a few miles away, and the steep green hills that form Tortola’s spine are fanned by gentle trade winds. The neighboring islands glimmer like emeralds in a sea of sapphire.


pages: 321 words: 85,267

Suburban Nation by Andres Duany, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, Jeff Speck

A Pattern Language, American ideology, big-box store, car-free, Celebration, Florida, City Beautiful movement, desegregation, edge city, Frank Gehry, housing crisis, if you build it, they will come, income inequality, intermodal, Jane Jacobs, jitney, McMansion, New Urbanism, Peter Calthorpe, place-making, price mechanism, profit motive, Ralph Nader, Seaside, Florida, Silicon Valley, skinny streets, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Great Good Place, transit-oriented development, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, white flight, working poor, Works Progress Administration

Cities that wish to be pedestrian-friendly and fully developed should eliminate this ordinance immediately and provide public parking in carefully located municipal garages and lots. Parking must be considered a part of the public infrastructure, just like streets and sewers. Consideration of the pedestrian scale must also play a role in the provision of transit. Diesel-belching buses are a poor substitute for benevolent streetcars, trolleys, and jitneys. Where laying track is not affordable, the city should consider small electric trams, which have brought new life to cities such as Chattanooga and Santa Barbara. The reader will notice that, in discussing the physical form of the city, we have not once advocated the use of brick sidewalks, festive banners, bandstands, decorative bollards, or grassy berms (“the Five B’s”). The quick fix of the eighties, the Five B’s now decorate many an abandoned downtown, along with the latestmodel light poles, trash cans, and decorative tree grates.

As such, each is equipped with nothing but the slowest roads, and contains a local “pocket park”—often no bigger than a single house lot—located within a three-minute walk of every dwelling. The neighborhood thus grants freedom of motion and a certain degree of autonomy even to its youngest citizens. MAKING TRANSIT WORK The neighborhood structure is naturally suited for public transit, be it light rail, trolleys, buses, or jitneys. But there are also three rules that transit must follow in order to appeal to users, regardless of the urban framework: 1. Transit must be frequent and predictable. The challenge is not to prove this obvious principle but to create a transit system in which frequency is economically viable. This objective can be achieved only at certain densities; studies suggest that a minimum of seven units per acre is necessary if transit is to be self-supporting.dd For lower densities, the careful organization of neighborhood centers, to be served by smaller vehicles, can result in a successful network.


pages: 83 words: 23,805

City 2.0: The Habitat of the Future and How to Get There by Ted Books

active transport: walking or cycling, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, big-box store, carbon footprint, cleantech, collaborative consumption, crowdsourcing, demand response, housing crisis, Induced demand, Internet of things, Jane Jacobs, jitney, Kibera, Kickstarter, Kitchen Debate, McMansion, megacity, New Urbanism, openstreetmap, ride hailing / ride sharing, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, smart cities, smart grid, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, Zipcar

Just as the built environment in the autocatalytic city is driven by bottom-up processes, the need to move around in rapidly growing cities with inadequate public transportation has given rise to private transit services (also called informal or paratransit). Even supposedly egalitarian public transit can be out of reach for the poorest urban dwellers. The vast majority of riders on Delhi’s much-touted new subway, for instance, have incomes more than three times higher than the local median. Each metropolis has its own versions of the same paratransit vehicles: small buses, jitneys, three-wheelers, and motorcycles. There are the “trotros” in Lagos; a relative of the “matatus” in Nairobi; and the megataxis in Manila. The “collectivo” minibus of Latin America is similar to the Philippines’ “jeepney” and Pakistan’s minibus. The auto rickshaw is nearly ubiquitous in South Asia. Pedicabs, “trisikads,” “becaks,” “trishaws,” and cycle rickshaws have the same configurations across Southeast Asia.


Caribbean Islands by Lonely Planet

Bartolomé de las Casas, big-box store, British Empire, buttonwood tree, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, discovery of the americas, Donald Trump, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, income inequality, intermodal, jitney, Kickstarter, microcredit, offshore financial centre, place-making, Ronald Reagan, Rubik’s Cube, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, sustainable-tourism, urban planning, urban sprawl, white picket fence

Bus Nassau and New Providence are well served by minibuses called jitneys, which run from 6am to 8pm, although there are no fixed schedules. No buses run to Paradise Island, only to the connecting bridges (the Paradise Island Exit Bridge and the New Paradise Island Bridge). Buses depart downtown from the corner of Frederick and Bay Sts, the corner of West Bay and Queen, and designated bus stops. Destinations are clearly marked on the buses, which can be waved down. To request a stop, simply ask the driver. Standard bus fare is BS$1 to BS$1.50. There are numerous buses and routes, but no central listing. Check with the Bahamas Ministry of Tourism Welcome Centre ( Click here ) for specifics, look at the destinations marked on the front of the jitney , or try one of these common routes: Buses 10 & 10A Cable Beach, Sandyport Bay and Lyford Cay Buses 1, 7 & 7A Paradise Island bridges Car & Scooter You don’t need a car to explore downtown Nassau or to get to the beaches.

Best Beaches » Cabbage Beach ( Click here ) » Cable Beach ( Click here ) » Pink Sands Beach ( Click here ) » Treasure Cay Beach ( Click here ) » Gold Rock Beach ( Click here ) Best Places to Stay » Graycliff Hotel ( Click here ) » Hope Town Harbour Lodge ( Click here ) » Pink Sands Resort ( Click here ) » Kamalame Cay ( Click here ) Itineraries THREE DAYS Explore Pirates of Nassau, the National Art Gallery and Fort Fincastle in downtown Nassau, grab a jitney for beach-bar cocktails, hike over the Paradise Island bridge to gawk at Atlantis’ shark tanks, and snooze on Cabbage Beach. ONE WEEK Add a Bahamas ferry ride to Harbour Island for pink-sand shores and boutique browsing, or to Andros for mind-blowing dives to the Tongue of the Ocean and hikes to hidden blue holes. TWO WEEKS Add a trip to the Abacos for cay hopping, or to the Exumas for kayaking, kitesurfing and adventuring.

New Providence Top Sights Ardastra GardensF2 Sights 1Fort CharlotteF2 Activities, Courses & Tours 2Stuart Cove's Dive & Snorkel BahamasB3 Sleeping 3A Stone's Throw AwayC2 4Compass Point Beach ResortC2 5Marley ResortE1 6Orange Hill Beach InnC2 7Sheraton Nassau BeachE1 8Wyndham Nassau ResortE2 Eating 9Arawak CayF1 10Goodfellow FarmsB3 Drinking Arawak Cay(see 9) Compass Point Bar(see 4) 11Travellers' RestC2 Shopping Crystal Palace Casino(see 8) Nassau Who needs Red Bull when there’s downtown Nassau? This cacophonous blur of bouncing jitneys , hustling cabbies, bargaining vendors, trash-talking pirates and elbow-knocking shoppers, is a guaranteed pick-me-up for even the sleepiest of cruise-ship day-trippers. And it’s been luring high-energy hustlers for centuries. From the 17th-century pirates who blew their doubloons on women and wine to the dashing blockade runners who smuggled cargo from the Confederacy during the American Civil War, the city has a history of accommodating the young and the reckless.


pages: 663 words: 119,916

The Big Book of Words You Should Know: Over 3,000 Words Every Person Should Be Able to Use (And a Few That You Probably Shouldn't) by David Olsen, Michelle Bevilacqua, Justin Cord Hayes

deliberate practice, haute couture, haute cuisine, jitney, Lao Tzu, place-making, placebo effect, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Rosa Parks, Upton Sinclair

jambalaya (jam-buh-LIE-uh), noun A spicy Cajun dish featuring rice cooked with ham, sausage, chicken, shrimp, or oysters, and seasoned with herbs. Anna had so much ham left over from Easter dinner that she decided to try to whip up a JAMBALAYA. jejune (ji-JOON), adjective Dull or lackluster. Jejune can also mean immature or lacking in insight. Ralph’s JEJUNE fantasies of stardom brought only laughs of derision from his friends. jitney (JIT-nee), noun A small car or bus charging a low fare. Grandpa told us stories of how he used to make his living driving a JITNEY around town. jocund (JOK-und), adjective Given to merriment. Someone who possesses a cheery disposition is jocund. Tim’s JOCUND personality made him the life of the party. judicature (JOO-di-kuh-choor), noun The authority of jurisdiction of a court of law. The rank, function, or authority of a judge is referred to as the judge’s judicature.


pages: 1,104 words: 302,176

The Rise and Fall of American Growth: The U.S. Standard of Living Since the Civil War (The Princeton Economic History of the Western World) by Robert J. Gordon

"Robert Solow", 3D printing, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airline deregulation, airport security, Apple II, barriers to entry, big-box store, blue-collar work, business cycle, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Charles Lindbergh, clean water, collective bargaining, computer age, creative destruction, deindustrialization, Detroit bankruptcy, discovery of penicillin, Donner party, Downton Abbey, Edward Glaeser, en.wikipedia.org, Erik Brynjolfsson, everywhere but in the productivity statistics, feminist movement, financial innovation, full employment, George Akerlof, germ theory of disease, glass ceiling, high net worth, housing crisis, immigration reform, impulse control, income inequality, income per capita, indoor plumbing, industrial robot, inflight wifi, interchangeable parts, invention of agriculture, invention of air conditioning, invention of the sewing machine, invention of the telegraph, invention of the telephone, inventory management, James Watt: steam engine, Jeff Bezos, jitney, job automation, John Markoff, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, labor-force participation, Loma Prieta earthquake, Louis Daguerre, Louis Pasteur, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, Mark Zuckerberg, market fragmentation, Mason jar, mass immigration, mass incarceration, McMansion, Menlo Park, minimum wage unemployment, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, new economy, Norbert Wiener, obamacare, occupational segregation, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, payday loans, Peter Thiel, pink-collar, Productivity paradox, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, refrigerator car, rent control, Robert X Cringely, Ronald Coase, school choice, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, Skype, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Pinker, The Market for Lemons, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, Thomas Malthus, total factor productivity, transaction costs, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, undersea cable, Unsafe at Any Speed, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban sprawl, washing machines reduced drudgery, Washington Consensus, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters, working poor, working-age population, Works Progress Administration, yellow journalism, yield management

Horses contributed to the symphony of urban noise—hooves clattering and scrapping on the streets, wagons rattling and banging, wheels creaking, harnesses jingling, horses whinnying, neighing, groaning, and bugling.114 Within a decade the electric streetcar had replaced the horsecar. It took longer for the automobile to replace public transit, but the initial threat of the automobile to the established fixed-rail regime was already widespread by 1910 in the form of the “jitneys,” unlicensed taxicabs which operated in a free-for-all to cruise the routes of the streetcars and pick up passengers, especially those loaded with packages. The streetcar operators were particularly irked to see that the jitneys paid no taxes and faced no regulations.115 The first motor bus arrived on New York’s 5th Avenue in 1905, but the development of the motor bus was surprisingly slow. The initial bus designs were converted trucks, with a center of gravity high off the ground. The first motor bus approximating modern design was introduced by the Fageol brothers in Oakland, California, in 1920 in the form of the “Fageol Safety Coach.”

The map appears in Hugill (1982, figure 4, p. 345). 112. Details about the construction and design of the Merritt Parkway are provided by Radde (1993). He describes (pp. 6–9) Robert Moses’s parkway systems on Long Island and in Westchester County as precursors of the limited access highways. 113. A detailed U.S. highway map dated October 23, 1940, appears in Kaszynski (2000, p. 133). 114. Greene (2008, p. 174). 115. Details about jitneys come from Miller (1941/1960, p. 150–53). 116. Details about the Fageol motor coach are in Miller (1941/1960, pp. 154–56). 117. In table 5–1, a rail trip in 1940 between Los Angeles and New York took less than half the time, two days and eight hours, plus a layover of up to ten hours in Chicago. 118. Airlines accounted for 2 percent and railroads for the remaining 70 percent. 119. Greene (2008, p. 265). 120.

See income inequality infant mortality, 50, 61; contaminated milk and, 81; germ theory and, 219; improvements in (1870–1940), 206, 208, 209, 211, 213, 244–45, 322, 463; racial differences in, 484 infectious diseases, 210, 213–15, 218, 462 information technology (IT), 325; from 1870 to 1940, 202–5; in GDP, 441–42; on Internet, 460; news, 433–35; newspapers and magazines for, 174–77; post-World War II, 411; telegraph for transmission of, 178–79; in Third Industrial Revolution, 577, 578 Ingram, Edgar, 167 Ingrassia Paul, 382 injuries: industrial, 270–73; railroad-related, 238 innovation: as cause of Great Leap Forward, 555–62; future of, 567, 589–93; history of, 568–74; since 1970, 7; total factor productivity as measurement of, 2, 16–18, 319, 537 installment loans, 296, 317 insurance, 288, 289; fire and automobile, 307–9, 317; health insurance, 230, 235–36, 487–95; life insurance, 303–7, 317; workers’ compensation, 230, 272–73 Intel (firm), 445, 453 internal combustion engines, 131, 149–50, 374; as General Purpose Technology, 555–56; See also automobiles Internet, 442–43, 453–57, 459–60, 578; digital music on, 436; early history of, 643; e-commerce using, 457–58; smartphones for, 438; as source of news, 434, 435; video streaming on, 436–37 Interstate Commerce Act (1887), 313 Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC), 313, 318 Interstate Highway System, 159, 375, 389–93, 407; automotive safety and, 385–86 interurbans, 149 inventions: by decade, 556; forecastable, 593–601; patents for, 312–13, 570–74; sources of, 570 iPhone, 577 iPod (MP3 player), 435–36 iron and steel industries, 267–69; industrial accidents and deaths in, 271 iTunes, 435–36, 579 J. C. Penney (department store), 90, 294 Japan, 562 The Jazz Singer (film), 201, 202 Jefferson, Thomas, 210 Jell-O (firm), 73 jet aircraft, 393, 398–99 JetBlue (firm), 598 jitneys, 160 Jobs, Steve, 452, 567 Johns Hopkins Medical School, 233 Johnson, Lyndon B., 419 joint replacement surgery, 466 Jolson, Al, 201 Jorgenson, Dale, 543, 636 The Jungle (Sinclair), 82, 221–22, 267, 313 Kaiser, Henry, 549 Kansas City (Missouri), 219 Katz, Lawrence, 15, 284, 624–25, 636 KDKA (radio station), 192, 193 Keeler, Theodore, 403 Kellogg, J. Harvey, 74 Kendrick, John, 545 Kennedy, John F., 419 Kennedy, Rose, 230 Kevin, Murphy, 212 Keynes, John Maynard, 258 Khrushchev, Nikita, 357 Killeffer, D.


pages: 165 words: 47,320

The Crying of Lot 49 by Thomas Pynchon

anti-communist, Golden Gate Park, jitney, job automation, Peace of Westphalia

But it was a calculated withdrawal, from the life of the Republic, from its machinery. Whatever else was being denied them out of hate, indifference to the power of their vote, loopholes, simple ignorance, this withdrawal was their own, un-​publicized, private. Since they could not have withdrawn into a vacuum (could they?), there had to exist the separate, silent, unsuspected world. Just before the morning rush hour, she got out of a jitney whose ancient driver ended each day in the red, downtown on Howard Street, began to walk toward the Embarcadero. She knew she looked terrible knuckles black with eye-​liner and mascara from where she'd rubbed, mouth tasting of old booze and coffee. Through an open doorway, on the stair leading up into the disinfectant-​smelling twilight of a rooming house she saw an old man huddled, shaking with grief she couldn't hear.


pages: 195 words: 52,701

Better Buses, Better Cities by Steven Higashide

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, autonomous vehicles, business process, congestion charging, decarbonisation, Elon Musk, Hyperloop, income inequality, intermodal, jitney, Lyft, mass incarceration, Pareto efficiency, performance metric, place-making, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, six sigma, smart cities, transportation-network company, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, urban planning, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, young professional

The choice riders are the ones you really covet.”1 This kind of thinking often results in a two-tiered approach to transit planning: high-end, expensive transit built to the suburbs to “entice people out of their cars” (because it’s hard to bag those finicky “choice riders”) and terrible bus service for everyone else. One big problem with this idea is that it isn’t true. A great many people without a car have options for getting around besides the local bus. They might use private or informal transit, such as the fleets of jitney minibuses that commuters use to get around northern New Jersey, or the unlicensed taxis that exist in many cities. They might arrange a carpool or a ride from a friend. They might ride a bike for miles, or even walk for 10 miles to their job. The captive–choice binary doesn’t have its roots in a deep sociological study of how people make transportation decisions. Like so much else that has proven harmful in the transportation industry, it comes from reductive computer models.


pages: 207 words: 52,716

Capitalism 3.0: A Guide to Reclaiming the Commons by Peter Barnes

Albert Einstein, car-free, clean water, collective bargaining, corporate governance, corporate personhood, corporate raider, corporate social responsibility, dark matter, diversified portfolio, en.wikipedia.org, hypertext link, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, jitney, money market fund, new economy, patent troll, profit maximization, Ronald Coase, telemarketer, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transaction costs, War on Poverty, Yogi Berra

They’d grow more food organically and sell more through farmers’ markets and urban buying clubs, cutting out middlemen and keeping more of their products’ value. For nonperishables, consumers would shop more on the Internet and less at drive-and-haul malls. Thanks to eBay, Craigslist, and similar services, they’d also buy more secondhand goods and dump fewer into landfills. More workers would ride bikes, jitneys, and trains, and work online from home. Cities would favor footpower, suburbs would reorganize around transit hubs, and new 152 | MAKING IT HAPPEN forms of co-housing would spread. All these changes would be profitable and even exciting. And they’d proceed with relative smoothness if we placed the global atmosphere in trust. On the other hand, if we leave our atmosphere as an unmanaged waste dump, our glorious industrial party will abruptly end, brought to its knees by oil price shocks, climate disasters, or a monetary panic.


The Rough Guide to Jamaica by Thomas, Polly,Henzell, Laura.,Coates, Rob.,Vaitilingam, Adam.

buttonwood tree, call centre, centre right, colonial rule, computer age, ghettoisation, jitney, Kickstarter, post-work, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, sustainable-tourism, trade route

Several tour operators offer tubing, kayaking and rafting here (see box, p.139), accessed from various points on Bonham Spring Road (turn inland just west of the bridge), which also leads to Upton, home to the sumptuous Sandals Golf and Country Club, rated as one of Jamaica’s finest golf courses (see p.35). Back on the main road and half a mile into St Mary, the former haunt of planter Harold Mitchell has been reincarnated as Prospect Plantation (daily; T 994 1058, W www .prospectplantationtours.com; 3–5 hours; US$44–90), now owned by Dolphin Cove. The traditional tour is designed to introduce the more sedentary visitor to the delights of tropical farming with an hour-long jitney ride through sugar cane and groves of coconut, pimento, lime, ackee, breadfruit and soursop trees, stopping to spot butterflies, feed ostriches and sample fruits. You’ll feel less like a member of a cattle herd if you indulge in the camel safari, mountain bike or horseback rides through the plantation or down into White River gorge, the site of Jamaica’s first hydroelectric plant – though they’re significantly more expensive.

The name is thought to derive from the farm’s original owners in 1684, John Yates and Richard Scott, whose initials were stamped on their cattle and the hogsheads of sugar that they exported. Today the farm covers around 2300 acres and raises pedigree red poll cattle – a Jamaican breed that you’ll see all over the country. The YS Falls, a series of ten greater and lesser waterfalls, are great fun (Tues–Sun 9.30am–3.30pm; closed on public holidays, W www .ysfalls.com; US$15). A jitney pulls you through the farm’s land and alongside the YS River to a grassy area at the base of the falls, where there are changing rooms and toilets. You can climb up the lower falls or take the wooden stairway, which leads to a platform beside the uppermost and most spectacular waterfall. There are lianas and ropes for aspiring Tarzans, and pools for gentle bathing at the foot of each fall as well as a spring water swimming pool on the flat for lounging.


pages: 242 words: 73,728

Give People Money by Annie Lowrey

"Robert Solow", affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, agricultural Revolution, Airbnb, airport security, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, basic income, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, clean water, collective bargaining, computer age, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, deindustrialization, desegregation, Donald Trump, Edward Glaeser, Elon Musk, ending welfare as we know it, everywhere but in the productivity statistics, full employment, gender pay gap, gig economy, Google Earth, Home mortgage interest deduction, income inequality, indoor plumbing, information asymmetry, Jaron Lanier, jitney, job automation, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, Kickstarter, Kodak vs Instagram, labor-force participation, late capitalism, Lyft, M-Pesa, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, mass incarceration, McMansion, Menlo Park, mobile money, mortgage tax deduction, new economy, obamacare, Peter Thiel, post scarcity, post-work, Potemkin village, precariat, randomized controlled trial, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, Sam Altman, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, single-payer health, Steve Jobs, TaskRabbit, The Future of Employment, theory of mind, total factor productivity, Turing test, two tier labour market, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, universal basic income, uranium enrichment, War on Poverty, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters, women in the workforce, working poor, World Values Survey, Y Combinator

Like many other Rust Belt cities, Pittsburgh was ravaged by the loss of manufacturing jobs. In some ways, Uber has offered the city a salvation, creating thousands of flexible ridesharing gigs and a smallish number of highly compensated positions for scientists and technologists at its local Advanced Technologies Group office. But salvation has seemed chimerical, with those ridesharing jobs paying little and pulling work away from the city’s taxi and jitney drivers and those highly compensated positions at the Advanced Technologies Group dedicated in part to eliminating the need for human drivers entirely. The former problem is the pressing one, the drivers told me. “Their immediate concern is their immediate experience,” said Erin Kramer, the executive director of One Pennsylvania, a local community organizing group, who was sharing burgers and beers with us.


Human Transit: How Clearer Thinking About Public Transit Can Enrich Our Communities and Our Lives by Jarrett Walker

Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, congestion charging, demand response, iterative process, jitney, New Urbanism, peak oil, Peter Calthorpe, place-making, Silicon Valley, transit-oriented development, urban planning

Many people are trying to make transit do things that are geometrically impossible, so it’s important to start by exploring how transit works in these terms before going on to the question of technology. TECHNOLOGY: TOOL OR GOAL? When someone asks me what I do, and I say I’m a transit planner, their next question is almost always about technology. They ask my opinion INTRODUCTION | 7 about a rail transit proposal that’s currently in the news, or ask me what I think about light rail, or monorails, or jitneys. They assume, like many journalists, that the choice of technology is the most important transit planning decision. Technology choices do matter, but the fundamental geometry of transit is exactly the same for buses, trains, and ferries. If you jump too quickly to the technology choice question but get the geometry wrong, you’ll end up with a useless service no matter how attractive its technology is.


pages: 269 words: 83,307

Young Money: Inside the Hidden World of Wall Street's Post-Crash Recruits by Kevin Roose

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Basel III, cognitive dissonance, collateralized debt obligation, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, discounted cash flows, Donald Trump, East Village, eurozone crisis, fixed income, forward guidance, glass ceiling, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, hedonic treadmill, jitney, knowledge worker, new economy, Occupy movement, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, selection bias, shareholder value, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, Steve Jobs, The Predators' Ball, too big to fail, urban planning, We are the 99%, young professional

* * * While Samson was contemplating a career switch, Jeremy was sunning himself in the Hamptons. Jeremy had gone in with more than a dozen other first- and second-year Goldman analysts on a house share in Westhampton, a tony beachside enclave roughly two hours from the city. Every Friday, the young Goldmanites and their friends and significant others would pile onto the Long Island Railroad or the Hampton Jitney and head to the beach, where they would swim and drink by day and head to clubs by night, before coming back to sleep on floors, couches, and air mattresses sprinkled throughout the four-bedroom house. Packing dozens of people into a relatively modest house wasn’t the over-the-top experience many older and richer Hamptons summer home owners had, but it kept their costs down to just over $1,500 a person for the whole summer, and it allowed them to invite their friends to “my Hamptons house,” which was half the fun.


pages: 340 words: 91,387

Stealth of Nations by Robert Neuwirth

accounting loophole / creative accounting, big-box store, British Empire, call centre, collective bargaining, corporate governance, full employment, Hernando de Soto, illegal immigration, income inequality, informal economy, invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, jitney, Johannes Kepler, joint-stock company, Joseph Schumpeter, megacity, microcredit, New Urbanism, Pepto Bismol, pirate software, profit motive, Shenzhen was a fishing village, Simon Kuznets, special economic zone, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, thinkpad, upwardly mobile, Vilfredo Pareto, yellow journalism

“If you stop okada in Nigeria today, people will suffer,” he said. “With this business we are helping people.” Buses are the other common form of mass transit in Lagos, and, as with okada, this huge enterprise, with tens of thousands of vehicles, is a System D creation. Once upon a time decades ago, this was a public system. The government owned the molue—large buses that fit thirty or forty people—and danfo—smaller jitneys that fit between a dozen and twenty, depending on how the seating is installed. But the authorities walked away from public transportation. In desperation, the bus system was kept alive by the National Union of Road Transport Workers (NURTW)—but in the most haphazard manner you can imagine. The union essentially bought the city’s fleet of seventy-five thousand buses. “The source of funds was people who are big and successful in government and business,” explained Alhaji Rasaq Olusola Ahmed, the assistant secretary of one of the union’s branches in the Lagos neighborhood of Mushin.


pages: 333 words: 86,662

Zeitgeist by Bruce Sterling

anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Frank Gehry, Grace Hopper, informal economy, invisible hand, Iridium satellite, jitney, market bubble, Maui Hawaii, new economy, offshore financial centre, rolodex, sexual politics, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Ted Kaczynski, the scientific method, undersea cable, upwardly mobile, urban decay, Y2K

As he walked back toward the divided city, a Homeric dawn gnawed at the Nicosia skyline with her rosy gums. Starlitz lit one of Viktor’s cigarettes, put his hands in his pockets, and began to drift. Midmorning found Starlitz sitting on a bus bench, eating from a large bag of chocolate croissants and sipping a Styrofoam Nescafé. Urban crowds went about their business, men in flat hats and patterned sweaters, women heaving baby carriages along the black-and-white-striped curb. A rust-spotted jitney pulled over. A backpacking American woman climbed out of it. Her skin was the color of a Starbucks frappuccino, and she had black, kinked hair in big clusters of thread-knotted twists. She wore a nylon tropical shirt, knotted at the midriff, and chocolate-chip desert-camo cutoffs, unconvincingly cinched up with a gleaming concho belt. Starlitz rose from his bench and trailed her. The Yankee tourist opened a small gate and walked up the steps of a whitewashed suburban home.


pages: 356 words: 91,157

The New Urban Crisis: How Our Cities Are Increasing Inequality, Deepening Segregation, and Failing the Middle Class?and What We Can Do About It by Richard Florida

affirmative action, Airbnb, basic income, Bernie Sanders, blue-collar work, business climate, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, clean water, Columbine, congestion charging, creative destruction, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, declining real wages, deindustrialization, Donald Trump, East Village, edge city, Edward Glaeser, failed state, Ferguson, Missouri, Gini coefficient, Google bus, high net worth, income inequality, income per capita, industrial cluster, informal economy, Jane Jacobs, jitney, Kitchen Debate, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, land value tax, low skilled workers, Lyft, megacity, Menlo Park, mortgage tax deduction, Nate Silver, New Economic Geography, new economy, New Urbanism, occupational segregation, Paul Graham, plutocrats, Plutocrats, RAND corporation, rent control, rent-seeking, Richard Florida, rising living standards, Ronald Reagan, secular stagnation, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, sovereign wealth fund, superstar cities, the built environment, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thorstein Veblen, trickle-down economics, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, universal basic income, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, white flight, young professional

In Addis Ababa, a city of 3.5 million people in Ethiopia, the addition of a light-rail system opened up opportunities for slum-dwellers, promoted density and economic development around rail stops, and reduced the dependence of the city’s growing middle class on cars.25 It need not be traditional rail transit, either. Connectivity can be accomplished in other, less expensive ways tailored to local conditions. When my Creative Class Group colleagues and I developed the inaugural Philips Livable City Awards, one of our three winners in 2011 was a small shade stand that functions as a shelter from the hot sun or pouring rain. But more than that, it was a way of organizing and structuring stops for the jitneys and simple buses that residents could use to get around in Kampala, Uganda, and other rapidly expanding African cities. I saw a couple of other ingenious solutions for local connectivity during my visit to Medellín. Not long ago, the city was one of the most violent and lawless in the world, overrun by drug kingpin Pablo Escobar and his notorious Medellín Cartel. Communa 13, Medellín’s poorest neighborhood—and one of its most notorious—was cut off from the center of the city, and hence from employment and educational opportunities, by its elevation.


Frommer's Caribbean 2010 by Christina Paulette Colón, Alexis Lipsitz Flippin, Darwin Porter, Danforth Prince, John Marino

European colonialism, haute cuisine, jitney, Murano, Venice glass, offshore financial centre, Saturday Night Live, Skype, sustainable-tourism, white picket fence, young professional

A visit to this pr operty is an educational, r elaxing, and enjo yable experience. On a leisurely tour by covered jitney through the scenic beauty of P rospect, you’ll readily see why this section of Jamaica is called “the garden parish of the island.” You can view the many tr ees planted b y such visitors as Winston Chur chill, H enry Kissinger, Charlie Chaplin, Pierre Trudeau, and Noël Coward. You’ll learn about and see pimento (allspice), bananas, cassava, sugar cane, coffee, cocoa, coconut, pineapple, and the famous leucaena (“Tree of Life”). You can even sample some of the ex otic fruit and drinks. Horseback riding ($80 per person for 1 1/2 hr.) is av ailable for adults on thr ee scenic trails at Prospect. Dolphin Cove Tours runs a jitney bus tour to the plantation fr om the center of Ocho Rios Monday to Saturday at 10:30am, 2pm, and 3:30pm.

Brimmer Hall Esta te Some 34km (21 miles) east of O cho Rios, in the hills 3km (13/4 miles) fr om Port Maria, this 1817 estate is an ideal place to spend a day . You can swim in the pool and sample a wide v ariety of br ews and concoctions. The Plantation Tour Eating House offers typical Jamaican dishes for lunch, and ther e’s a souvenir shop with a good selection of ceramics, ar t, straw goods, woodcar vings, rums, liqueurs, and cigars. You can also take a tour ar ound the working plantation in a tractor-drawn jitney 398 to see the tropical fruit trees and coffee plants; the knowledgeable guides will explain the various processes necessary to produce the fine fruits of the island. This is far more interesting than the trip to C roydon Plantation in M ontego Bay, so if y ou’re visiting both places and have time for only one plantation, make it B rimmer Hall. Port Maria, St. Mary’s. & 876/974-2244. Tours $18.

Cool Breeze Car Rental, N ew D evelopment, S oufrière (& 758/459-7729), is also a good bet if y ou’re staying in the south. P rices ar e $50 and up. Remember: D rive on the left, and tr y to av oid some of the island ’s mor e ob vious potholes. D rive car efully and honk y our horn while going ar ound the blind hairpin turns. You’ll need a S t. L ucia driv er’s license ($20), which y ou can pur chase at either airport when you pick up your rental car. BY BUS Minibuses (with names like L ucian Love) and jitneys connect Castries with such main towns as Soufrière for $2.60 and Vieux Fort $1.90. They’re cheap, but they’re generally overcrowded and often filled with produce on its way to market. Buses for Cap Estate, in the nor thern part of the island, leav e from Jeremy Street in Castries, near the market. Buses going to Vieux Fort and Soufrière depart from Bridge Street in front of the department store.


The Metropolitan Revolution: How Cities and Metros Are Fixing Our Broken Politics and Fragile Economy by Bruce Katz, Jennifer Bradley

3D printing, additive manufacturing, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, British Empire, business climate, carbon footprint, clean water, cleantech, collapse of Lehman Brothers, deindustrialization, demographic transition, desegregation, double entry bookkeeping, edge city, Edward Glaeser, global supply chain, immigration reform, income inequality, industrial cluster, intermodal, Jane Jacobs, jitney, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, lone genius, longitudinal study, Mark Zuckerberg, Masdar, megacity, Menlo Park, Moneyball by Michael Lewis explains big data, Network effects, new economy, New Urbanism, Occupy movement, place-making, postindustrial economy, purchasing power parity, race to the bottom, Richard Florida, Shenzhen was a fishing village, Silicon Valley, smart cities, smart grid, sovereign wealth fund, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the market place, The Spirit Level, Tony Hsieh, too big to fail, trade route, transit-oriented development, urban planning, white flight

Five bright, colorful buildings on four acres house a K–5 charter school; a health clinic; a community development credit union and a free tax-preparation center; a citizenship and outreach center where immigrants can start to navigate the naturalization process; rooms for adult classes in English and in health and wellness; an arts center; a business incubator; an outdoor stage; a splash park; a green space for community gatherings and arts and cultural festivals; and a jitney service, called the “magic bus,” which stops at grocery stores, health clinics, and other service locations 05-2151-2 ch5.indd 90 5/20/13 6:52 PM HOUSTON: EL CIVICS 91 (staffers joke that it is called the magic bus because they count on magic to bring in the money that pays for it). Baker-Ripley opened in 2010, and in its first year and a half, 23,000 people came there to take classes, ask questions, play games, or otherwise participate in the life of the community.10 Although it is located in a neighborhood with a substantially higher crime rate than the city of Houston, high juvenile delinquency rates, and considerable gang activity, Baker-Ripley has no security guards or fences to protect the four-acre campus—there has never been a need for them.11 The facility has no traces of vandalism or graffiti.


pages: 354 words: 105,322

The Road to Ruin: The Global Elites' Secret Plan for the Next Financial Crisis by James Rickards

"Robert Solow", Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, asset allocation, asset-backed security, bank run, banking crisis, barriers to entry, Bayesian statistics, Ben Bernanke: helicopter money, Benoit Mandelbrot, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, bitcoin, Black Swan, blockchain, Bonfire of the Vanities, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business cycle, butterfly effect, buy and hold, capital controls, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Carmen Reinhart, cellular automata, cognitive bias, cognitive dissonance, complexity theory, Corn Laws, corporate governance, creative destruction, Credit Default Swap, cuban missile crisis, currency manipulation / currency intervention, currency peg, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, debt deflation, Deng Xiaoping, disintermediation, distributed ledger, diversification, diversified portfolio, Edward Lorenz: Chaos theory, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, fiat currency, financial repression, fixed income, Flash crash, floating exchange rates, forward guidance, Fractional reserve banking, G4S, George Akerlof, global reserve currency, high net worth, Hyman Minsky, income inequality, information asymmetry, interest rate swap, Isaac Newton, jitney, John Meriwether, John von Neumann, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Rogoff, labor-force participation, large denomination, liquidity trap, Long Term Capital Management, mandelbrot fractal, margin call, market bubble, Mexican peso crisis / tequila crisis, money market fund, mutually assured destruction, Myron Scholes, Naomi Klein, nuclear winter, obamacare, offshore financial centre, Paul Samuelson, Peace of Westphalia, Pierre-Simon Laplace, plutocrats, Plutocrats, prediction markets, price anchoring, price stability, quantitative easing, RAND corporation, random walk, reserve currency, RFID, risk-adjusted returns, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, sovereign wealth fund, special drawing rights, stocks for the long run, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, The Wisdom of Crowds, theory of mind, Thomas Bayes, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, too big to fail, transfer pricing, value at risk, Washington Consensus, Westphalian system

Those arriving by vehicle must pass through military checkpoints and show the appropriate badges indicating security clearance or prescreened resident or worker status. An intruder attempting to arrive on foot would have to cross miles of desert, descend canyons around the mesa, climb the mesa walls, and penetrate a secure perimeter. Motion, noise, and infrared sensors and a heavily armed security force ensure that no uninvited visitors make it that far. On April 8, 2009, I was in a U.S. government jitney with physicists and national security experts invited to attend classified briefings on new initiatives at LANL. The laboratory, and the government city around it, were visible in the distance as we approached on the access road from Santa Fe. Desert heat gave it a glimmering look. The city stood out in its isolation. My companions and I were not visiting Los Alamos that day to study nuclear weapons.


pages: 972 words: 259,764

The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam by Max Boot

American ideology, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, Charles Lindbergh, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, David Brooks, desegregation, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, drone strike, European colonialism, facts on the ground, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Golden Gate Park, jitney, land reform, Mikhail Gorbachev, Potemkin village, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, South China Sea, Steve Jobs, War on Poverty, white picket fence, Works Progress Administration

He would have Philippine newspapers flown to him every day, and he would mark up, with visible annoyance, all the anti-American comments he read. Lansdale, reading the same newspapers in Manila, summed it up: “As far as the Manila press was concerned, the ‘big white brothers’ are just so many s.o.b.’s.” The newspapers now were full of criticism that, as Lansdale noted, “GI drivers were racing through the streets killing off pedestrians or bumping into jitneys (which were probably built out of stolen Army jeeps).” Another sore point was the location of U.S. military bases—“The Filipinos want military bases in the Philippines, but not near anybody and certainly not near Manila.”52 GIs did not help their own cause with wanton displays of racism against “Flips,” as they often called the locals. For MacArthur, who was obsessive about managing his public image and was contemplating a run for the presidency in 1948,53 the criticism became intolerable when it reached the American press.

“As we sailed off, a group of them asked me, ‘What in the hell did you do to deserve that?’ ”66 In response, all that the modest major could do was shrug his shoulders. In fact, he knew the answer—that he had succeeded in integrating and ingratiating himself with all levels of Philippine society. During the previous three years, he had traveled from the streets of Manila, jammed with pedestrians and jitneys, to the dense jungles and isolated nipa huts of the boondocks. He had met bandits and congressmen, Negrito tribesmen and farmers, soldiers and Huks. He had seen for himself how both the insurgency and the government operated. He had become, in short, one of the leading experts on the Philippines not just in the U.S. armed forces but in the entire U.S. government. The following year, Lansdale could boast, in answer to a question on a military personnel form—“Have you any qualifications, as a result of training or experience, which might fit you for a particular position?”


pages: 341 words: 116,854

The Devil's Playground: A Century of Pleasure and Profit in Times Square by James Traub

Anton Chekhov, Broken windows theory, Buckminster Fuller, Charles Lindbergh, delayed gratification, Donald Trump, fear of failure, intangible asset, Jane Jacobs, jitney, light touch regulation, megastructure, New Urbanism, Peter Eisenman, plutocrats, Plutocrats, price mechanism, rent control, Ronald Reagan, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal

Cohan, a child of Broadway if ever there was one, wrote an impromptu and thoroughly disgusted ditty: It means the increase in honky-tonk joints, The blast of the radios from the amplifiers hanging over dance-hall doorways, The pedlers and the barkers shouting at the top of their lungs: “Buy a balloon an’ act natural”; “Come in and see the great flea circus”; “This way for a good time, folks”; “No tights in this show”; “Plenty of seats in the first balcony; ‘She Kissed Him to Death’ just starting”; “Magnificent love story; bring the children.” The decline of Broadway provoked Stanley Walker, hard-boiled city editor, into a mighty blast of dismay. The street, he wrote, “has degenerated into something resembling the main drag of a frontier town. . . . There are chow-meineries, peep shows for men only, flea circuses, lectures on what killed Rudolf Valentino, jitney ballrooms and a farrago of other attractions which would have sickened the heart of the Broadwayite of even ten years ago.” The great old chophouses had given way to penny restaurants, “where a derelict just this side of starvation may get something known as food for as little as one cent.” The very faces on the street had become grotesque: “cauliflower ears, beggars, sleazy crones, skinny girls who would be out of place in even the cheapest dance hall, twisted old men, sleek youths with pale faces, the blind and the maimed.”


Wireless by Charles Stross

anthropic principle, back-to-the-land, Benoit Mandelbrot, Buckminster Fuller, Cepheid variable, cognitive dissonance, colonial exploitation, cosmic microwave background, epigenetics, finite state, Georg Cantor, gravity well, hive mind, jitney, Khyber Pass, lifelogging, Magellanic Cloud, mandelbrot fractal, MITM: man-in-the-middle, peak oil, phenotype, Pluto: dwarf planet, security theater, sensible shoes, Turing machine, undersea cable

If by some mischance she were to visit the Emir’s palace and find Sir sans Jeremy, it might be more than trivially embarrassing.” “Dash it all, you’re right. I suppose I’ll have to pack the bloody pachyderm, won’t I? What a bore. Will he fit in the trunk?” Miss Feng sighed, very quietly. “I believe that may be a remote theoretical possibility. I shall endeavor to find out while Sir is enjoying himself not dying.” “Try beer,” I called as I picked up my surf board and climbed aboard the orbital delivery jitney. “Jeremy loves beer!” Miss Feng bowed as the door closed. I hope she doesn’t give him too much, I thought. Then the gravity squirrelizer chittered to itself angrily, decided it was on the wrong planet, and tried to rectify the situation in its own inimitable way. I lay back and waited for orbit. I wasn’t entirely certain of the wisdom of my proposed course of action—there are few predicaments as grim as facing a mammoth with a hangover across the breakfast table—but Miss Feng seemed like a competent sort, and I supposed I’d just have to trust her judgment.


The Geography of Nowhere: The Rise and Decline of America's Man-Made Landscape by James Howard Kunstler

A Pattern Language, blue-collar work, California gold rush, car-free, City Beautiful movement, corporate governance, Donald Trump, financial independence, fixed income, Ford paid five dollars a day, Frank Gehry, germ theory of disease, indoor plumbing, jitney, land tenure, mass immigration, means of production, megastructure, Menlo Park, new economy, oil shock, Peter Calthorpe, place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, postindustrial economy, Potemkin village, Ronald Reagan, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Whole Earth Review, working poor, Works Progress Administration, yellow journalism

It rotted the linings of storage tanks, and was half as potent as gasoline per volume, so you'd have to lug around twice as much fuel in your car. 2 1 3 ... T H E G E O G R A P H Y O F N O W H E R E Hydrogen was a pipe dream. Solar, for now, was a joke. In short, there was no real alternative to gasoline, but a lot of people seemed to be banking on the hope that "they'll come up with something. " In the meantime, the AQMD plan would require employers to arrange for car pooling, or even operate their own jitney fleets to reduce the number of total vehicles on the road. That was the transportation component of the plan. Next there was a whole burdensome set of new restrictions on industrial activities-and in the 1980s Southern California had become America's leading man­ ufacturing region. Many common industrial solvents were out, because they evaporated easily. Ditto paints based on petroleum distillates.


pages: 349 words: 114,914

We Were Eight Years in Power: An American Tragedy by Ta-Nehisi Coates

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Bernie Madoff, Bernie Sanders, Broken windows theory, Charles Lindbergh, crack epidemic, crony capitalism, David Brooks, deindustrialization, desegregation, Donald Trump, fear of failure, Ferguson, Missouri, Gunnar Myrdal, housing crisis, Howard Zinn, income inequality, jitney, low skilled workers, mandatory minimum, mass incarceration, moral panic, new economy, obamacare, payday loans, phenotype, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, single-payer health, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, War on Poverty, white flight

All told, the sprawling South Side is arguably the country’s largest black enclave. We stopped for lunch at Pearl’s Place, a homey southern restaurant on South Michigan Avenue. We ate chicken, and Black broke down the South Side’s place in black American lore with unabashed pride. “We were always entrepreneurial types,” he explained. “We couldn’t yell for taxis. They wouldn’t come into the black community. So we created taxi companies. The concept of the jitney was created in Chicago. You couldn’t afford to die, because white mortuaries wouldn’t bury you. So we did it ourselves. We made places like this—places to eat. A single man could come up from the South and get good home cooking and companionship.” Black’s memories of Chicago strivers draw from a deep well of myth and fact. The black power struggle in Chicago literally dates back to the city’s founding by the eighteenth-century trader Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable, who, like the president-elect, was a biracial black man.


pages: 330 words: 117,313

On the Road by Jack Kerouac

jitney, Northern Rock, refrigerator car, traveling salesman

“The ace of spades is far away from him. The heart cards always surround him—the queen of hearts is never far. See this jack of spades? That’s Dean, he’s always around.” “Well, we’re leaving for New York in an hour.” “Someday Dean’s going to go on one of these trips and never come back.” She let me take a shower and shave, and then I said good-by and took the bags downstairs and hailed a Frisco taxi-jitney, which was an ordinary taxi that ran a regular route and you could hail it from any corner and ride to any corner you want for about fifteen cents, cramped in with other passengers like on a bus, but talking and telling jokes like in a private car. Mission Street that last day in Frisco was a great riot of construction work, children playing, whooping Negroes coming home from work, dust, excitement, the great buzzing and vibrating hum of what is really America’s most excited city—and overhead the pure blue sky and the joy of the foggy sea that always rolls in at night to make everybody hungry for food and further excitement.


Policing the Open Road by Sarah A. Seo

American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, barriers to entry, Ferguson, Missouri, jitney, mandatory minimum, mass incarceration, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, profit motive, strikebreaker, the built environment, traffic fines, War on Poverty

The modern motorcar had become, in the words of William Howard Taft, “the greatest instrument for promoting immunity of crimes of violence … in the history of civilization.” A Michigan judge noted that cars had “a capacity for speed rivaling express trains” and provided “a disguising means of silent approach and swift escape unknown in the history of the world before their advent.” Another commentator described “the average policeman, on foot, horseback or depending upon a jitney … about as powerful an enemy of a man in a high[-]powered car as would [be] Don Quixote grappling with an American tank.” Foot patrolmen, they all argued, were ill-equipped to pursue criminals in this motorized world. Vollmer thus arrived at the conclusion—in fact, the conviction—that officers must be “motor-mounted.”56 Police officer on a bicycle, stopping a car, undated. Image from the Collections of The Henry Ford, THF136479.


pages: 475 words: 141,189

Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War by Mark Bowden

friendly fire, jitney

Instead the Americans photographed them and interrogated them and then put them in jail. Abdi kept his job but for a different reason. He could hear waves of gunfire crackling over the city, and heard the fight was at the Bakara Market. At Brown & Root, all Somali employees were sent home. “Something has happened,” Abdi was told. Abdi lived with his family between the market and the K-4 traffic circle, which was just north of the Ranger base. The rickety jitneys, so crammed with passengers that the American soldier called them “Kling-on Cruisers” (a nod to Star Trek), were still running up Via Lenin. The sounds of gunfire increased and the sky was thick with helicopters speeding low over the rooftop, flying great looping orbits over the market area. There were bullets snapping over his head when he got home. He found his father there with his two brothers and sister.


pages: 466 words: 127,728

The Death of Money: The Coming Collapse of the International Monetary System by James Rickards

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Asian financial crisis, asset allocation, Ayatollah Khomeini, bank run, banking crisis, Ben Bernanke: helicopter money, bitcoin, Black Swan, Bretton Woods, BRICs, business climate, business cycle, buy and hold, capital controls, Carmen Reinhart, central bank independence, centre right, collateralized debt obligation, collective bargaining, complexity theory, computer age, credit crunch, currency peg, David Graeber, debt deflation, Deng Xiaoping, diversification, Edward Snowden, eurozone crisis, fiat currency, financial innovation, financial intermediation, financial repression, fixed income, Flash crash, floating exchange rates, forward guidance, G4S, George Akerlof, global reserve currency, global supply chain, Growth in a Time of Debt, income inequality, inflation targeting, information asymmetry, invisible hand, jitney, John Meriwether, Kenneth Rogoff, labor-force participation, Lao Tzu, liquidationism / Banker’s doctrine / the Treasury view, liquidity trap, Long Term Capital Management, mandelbrot fractal, margin call, market bubble, market clearing, market design, money market fund, money: store of value / unit of account / medium of exchange, mutually assured destruction, obamacare, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, open economy, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, price stability, quantitative easing, RAND corporation, reserve currency, risk-adjusted returns, Rod Stewart played at Stephen Schwarzman birthday party, Ronald Reagan, Satoshi Nakamoto, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, sovereign wealth fund, special drawing rights, Stuxnet, The Market for Lemons, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Thomas L Friedman, too big to fail, trade route, undersea cable, uranium enrichment, Washington Consensus, working-age population, yield curve

I was assigned to become expert in sharia and assist in the conversion of Citibank’s operations from Western banking to Islamic banking. I arrived in Karachi in February 1982 and went to work. Citibank’s country head, Shaukat Aziz, later prime minister of Pakistan, would occasionally pick me up at my hotel. In monsoon season, we would barrel through flooded Karachi streets choked with ubiquitous decorated buses and three-wheeled jitneys, speeding past vendors spitting bright red betel nuts they chewed for a buzz. As I told these tales to the fund manager, I noticed his face became taut and his stare serious. He motioned me to a corner of the deck away from the other guests. He leaned forward and said sotto voce, “Look, it seems you know a lot about Islamic finance and you know your way around Pakistan.” My local knowledge was a little rusty since these things had happened decades before; still, I replied, “Yeah, I worked hard at that.


pages: 464 words: 127,283

Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia by Anthony M. Townsend

1960s counterculture, 4chan, A Pattern Language, Airbnb, Amazon Web Services, anti-communist, Apple II, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Burning Man, business process, call centre, carbon footprint, charter city, chief data officer, clean water, cleantech, cloud computing, computer age, congestion charging, connected car, crack epidemic, crowdsourcing, DARPA: Urban Challenge, data acquisition, Deng Xiaoping, digital map, Donald Davies, East Village, Edward Glaeser, game design, garden city movement, Geoffrey West, Santa Fe Institute, George Gilder, ghettoisation, global supply chain, Grace Hopper, Haight Ashbury, Hedy Lamarr / George Antheil, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, interchangeable parts, Internet Archive, Internet of things, Jacquard loom, Jane Jacobs, jitney, John Snow's cholera map, Joi Ito, Khan Academy, Kibera, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, load shedding, M-Pesa, Mark Zuckerberg, megacity, mobile money, mutually assured destruction, new economy, New Urbanism, Norbert Wiener, Occupy movement, off grid, openstreetmap, packet switching, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Parag Khanna, patent troll, Pearl River Delta, place-making, planetary scale, popular electronics, RFC: Request For Comment, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Gordon, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, smart grid, smart meter, social graph, social software, social web, special economic zone, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stuxnet, supply-chain management, technoutopianism, Ted Kaczynski, telepresence, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, too big to fail, trade route, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, undersea cable, Upton Sinclair, uranium enrichment, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, Vannevar Bush, working poor, working-age population, X Prize, Y2K, zero day, Zipcar

They exert a powerful gravitational pull on the young and the ambitious, and we are drawn to them by the millions, in search of opportunities to work, live, and socialize with each other. While in the end it took slightly longer than the original forecast, by the spring of 2009, most likely in one of China’s booming coastal cities or the swelling slums of Africa, a young migrant from the hinterlands stepped off a train or a jitney and tipped the balance between town and country forever.2 Cities flourished during the twentieth century, despite humanity’s best efforts to destroy them by aerial bombardment and suburban sprawl. In 1900, just 200 million people lived in cities, about one-eighth of the world’s population at the time.3 Today, just over a century later, 3.5 billion call a city home. By 2050, United Nations projections indicate, the urban population will expand to nearly 6.5 billion.4 By 2100, global population could top 10 billion, and cities could be home to as many as 8 billion people.5 This urban expansion is the biggest building boom humanity will ever undertake.


pages: 486 words: 150,849

Evil Geniuses: The Unmaking of America: A Recent History by Kurt Andersen

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airline deregulation, airport security, always be closing, American ideology, American Legislative Exchange Council, anti-communist, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, artificial general intelligence, autonomous vehicles, basic income, Bernie Sanders, blue-collar work, Bonfire of the Vanities, bonus culture, Burning Man, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Cass Sunstein, centre right, computer age, coronavirus, corporate governance, corporate raider, COVID-19, Covid-19, creative destruction, Credit Default Swap, cryptocurrency, deindustrialization, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, ending welfare as we know it, Erik Brynjolfsson, feminist movement, financial deregulation, financial innovation, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, future of work, game design, George Gilder, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, High speed trading, hive mind, income inequality, industrial robot, interchangeable parts, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Jane Jacobs, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, jitney, Joan Didion, job automation, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, Joseph Schumpeter, knowledge worker, low skilled workers, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, market bubble, mass immigration, mass incarceration, Menlo Park, Naomi Klein, new economy, Norbert Wiener, Norman Mailer, obamacare, Peter Thiel, Picturephone, plutocrats, Plutocrats, post-industrial society, Powell Memorandum, pre–internet, Ralph Nader, Right to Buy, road to serfdom, Robert Bork, Robert Gordon, Robert Mercer, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Seaside, Florida, Second Machine Age, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, strikebreaker, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Future of Employment, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Tim Cook: Apple, too big to fail, trickle-down economics, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, union organizing, universal basic income, Unsafe at Any Speed, urban planning, urban renewal, very high income, wage slave, Wall-E, War on Poverty, Whole Earth Catalog, winner-take-all economy, women in the workforce, working poor, young professional, éminence grise

It was the example of New York investment bankers, earning gigantic salaries for doing essentially nothing—knowing the right people, talking smoothly, showing up at closings—that encouraged businesspeople out in the rest of America to feel entitled to smoke-and-mirrors cash bonanzas of their own. A few years later, one very cold morning just after Thanksgiving, I had another slow-road-to-Damascus moment from whatever I had been (complacent neoliberal?) to whatever I was becoming (appalled social democrat?). I was actually on the road to Eppley Airfield in Omaha after my first visit to my hometown since both my parents had died, sharing a minivan jitney from a hotel with a couple of Central Casting airline pilots—tall, fit white men around my age, one wearing a leather jacket. We chatted. To my surprise, even shock, both of them spent the entire trip sputtering and whining—about being baited and switched when their employee ownership shares of United Airlines had been evaporated by its recent bankruptcy, about the default of their pension plan, about their CEO’s recent 40 percent pay raise, about the company to which they’d devoted their entire careers but no longer trusted at all.


Bleeding Edge by Pynchon, Thomas

addicted to oil, AltaVista, anti-communist, Anton Chekhov, Bernie Madoff, big-box store, Burning Man, carried interest, Donald Trump, double entry bookkeeping, East Village, Hacker Ethic, index card, invisible hand, jitney, late capitalism, margin call, Network effects, Ponzi scheme, prediction markets, pre–internet, QWERTY keyboard, RAND corporation, rent control, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, telemarketer, Y2K

“Even out on the South Fork, my wife tells me, there’s still resistance to money like Ice’s. One thing to build a house with its foundation in the sand, right, somethin else to pay for it with money not everybody believes is real.” “I Ching talk.” “She noticed.” The semimischievous look again. Uh, huh, “A boat, how about a boat, they own a boat?” “Lease one maybe.” “Oceangoing?” “What am I, Moby Dick? You’re that curious, go out there and see.” “Yeah, right, who springs for the jitney, where’s the per diem, see what I’m saying.” “What. You doin this on spec?” “So far it’s a buck and a half for the subway down here, that I can probably absorb. Beyond that . . .” “Shouldn’t be a problem.” Picking up the phone, “Yes Lupita mi amor, could you cut us a check, please, for . . . uh,” raising his eyebrows at Maxine, who shrugs and holds up five fingers, “five thousand U.S., payable to—” “Hundred,” sighs Maxine, “Five hundred, jeez all right I’m impressed, but it’s only enough so I can start a ticket.


pages: 1,263 words: 371,402

The Year's Best Science Fiction: Twenty-Sixth Annual Collection by Gardner Dozois

augmented reality, clean water, computer age, cosmological constant, David Attenborough, Deng Xiaoping, double helix, financial independence, game design, gravity well, jitney, John Harrison: Longitude, Kickstarter, Kuiper Belt, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, Paul Graham, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman: Challenger O-ring, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, Skype, stem cell, theory of mind, Turing machine, Turing test, urban renewal, Wall-E

Quivera’s handlers’ suits squirted me a bill for his rescue—steep, I thought, but we all knew which hand carried the whip—and their principals tried to get him to sign away the rights to his story in acquittal. Quivera laughed harshly (I’d already started de-cushioning his emotions, to ease the shock of my removal) and shook his head. “Put it on my tab, girls,” he said, and climbed into the lander. Hours later he was in home orbit. And once there? I’ll tell you all I know. He was taken out of the lander and put onto a jitney. The jitney brought him to a transfer point where a grapple snagged him and flung him to the Europan receiving port. There, after the usual flawless catch, he was escorted through an airlock and into a locker room. He hung up his suit, uplinked all my impersonal memories to a data-broker, and left me there. He didn’t look back—for fear, I imagine, of being turned to a pillar of salt. He took the egg-case with him.


pages: 561 words: 157,589

WTF?: What's the Future and Why It's Up to Us by Tim O'Reilly

4chan, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, Alvin Roth, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Amazon Web Services, artificial general intelligence, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, basic income, Bernie Madoff, Bernie Sanders, Bill Joy: nanobots, bitcoin, blockchain, Bretton Woods, Brewster Kahle, British Empire, business process, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Captain Sullenberger Hudson, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, Clayton Christensen, clean water, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, collateralized debt obligation, commoditize, computer vision, corporate governance, corporate raider, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, Danny Hillis, data acquisition, deskilling, DevOps, Donald Davies, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Erik Brynjolfsson, Filter Bubble, Firefox, Flash crash, full employment, future of work, George Akerlof, gig economy, glass ceiling, Google Glasses, Gordon Gekko, gravity well, greed is good, Guido van Rossum, High speed trading, hiring and firing, Home mortgage interest deduction, Hyperloop, income inequality, index fund, informal economy, information asymmetry, Internet Archive, Internet of things, invention of movable type, invisible hand, iterative process, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, jitney, job automation, job satisfaction, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, Kevin Kelly, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, Kodak vs Instagram, Lao Tzu, Larry Wall, Lean Startup, Leonard Kleinrock, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, market fundamentalism, Marshall McLuhan, McMansion, microbiome, microservices, minimum viable product, mortgage tax deduction, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Network effects, new economy, Nicholas Carr, obamacare, Oculus Rift, packet switching, PageRank, pattern recognition, Paul Buchheit, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer model, Ponzi scheme, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, randomized controlled trial, RFC: Request For Comment, Richard Feynman, Richard Stallman, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Gordon, Robert Metcalfe, Ronald Coase, Sam Altman, school choice, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, self-driving car, SETI@home, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, skunkworks, Skype, smart contracts, Snapchat, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, social web, software as a service, software patent, spectrum auction, speech recognition, Stephen Hawking, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, strong AI, TaskRabbit, telepresence, the built environment, The Future of Employment, the map is not the territory, The Nature of the Firm, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Davenport, transaction costs, transcontinental railway, transportation-network company, Travis Kalanick, trickle-down economics, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, ubercab, universal basic income, US Airways Flight 1549, VA Linux, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, We are the 99%, web application, Whole Earth Catalog, winner-take-all economy, women in the workforce, Y Combinator, yellow journalism, zero-sum game, Zipcar

Instead, a swarm of drivers are summoned and managed by algorithms that match drivers and passengers in a real-time online marketplace, with surge pricing to bring more drivers into the market when the algorithm determines that there are not enough of them to meet demand. There are many historical examples of peer-to-peer public transportation. Zimride, Logan Green and John Zimmer’s predecessor to Lyft, was inspired by the informal jitney systems they observed in Zimbabwe. But using the smartphone to create a two-sided, real-time market in physical space was something profoundly new. After initial skepticism, Uber copied the peer-to-peer model a year later. Driven by an aggressive CEO, a stronger technical focus on logistics and marketplace incentives, a take-no-prisoners corporate culture, and huge amounts of capital, it has spent billions to outpace its rivals.


pages: 632 words: 166,729

Addiction by Design: Machine Gambling in Las Vegas by Natasha Dow Schüll

airport security, Albert Einstein, Build a better mousetrap, business intelligence, capital controls, cashless society, commoditize, corporate social responsibility, deindustrialization, dematerialisation, deskilling, game design, impulse control, information asymmetry, inventory management, iterative process, jitney, large denomination, late capitalism, late fees, longitudinal study, means of production, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Nash equilibrium, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, post-industrial society, postindustrial economy, profit motive, RFID, Silicon Valley, Slavoj Žižek, statistical model, the built environment, yield curve, zero-sum game

The anthropologist Philippe Bourgois similarly describes how methadone patients “mix” the drug with a range of others, including “cocaine, wine, prescription pills, and even heroin” (2000, 170): “by strategically varying, supplementing, or destabilizing the effects of their dose with poly-drug consumption, methadone addicts can augment the otherwise marginal or only ambiguously pleasurable effects of methadone” (ibid., 180; see also Lovell 2006, 153). 23. Derrida 1981, 100. 24. See Rivlin 2004, 45. Given that seniors comprise 20 percent of the Las Vegas area population, many locals-oriented casinos find it in their interest to operate jitneys that shuttle back and forth to assisted living centers; one property transports 8,000 to 10,000 seniors per month. “We’re happy to take the people that are handicapped in any way, oxygen tanks, walkers. We do a lot of that. We have a lot of wheelchairs,” said a casino shuttle driver for Arizona Charlie’s (quoted in Rivera 2000). 25. In his history of “limbic capitalism,” Courtwright draws our attention to the many new goods and services that derive secondary profit from bad habits associated with consumer products such as food and drugs (e.g., the diet industry, drug rehabilitation, nicotine patches, and the like), noting that “logically, the demand curves for the two sorts of products are correlated” (2005, 212). 26.


pages: 641 words: 182,927

In Pursuit of Privilege: A History of New York City's Upper Class and the Making of a Metropolis by Clifton Hood

affirmative action, British Empire, coherent worldview, David Brooks, death of newspapers, deindustrialization, family office, Golden Gate Park, Google Earth, jitney, mass immigration, new economy, New Urbanism, P = NP, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ray Oldenburg, ride hailing / ride sharing, Scientific racism, selection bias, Steven Levy, The Great Good Place, Thorstein Veblen, trade route, urban planning, We are the 99%, white flight

In contrast to the illustrious family names of the past, lucrative employment in major corporations now confers great status and privilege.175 For hybrids who put in long hours in the office, the ability to move freely around the metropolitan region and avoid the worst congestion and delays was crucial. There are few places in the region that are more time-consuming and irksome to reach than the Hamptons, at the eastern end of Long Island, especially during the summer weekend crunches. A one-way Long Island Rail Road ticket during rush hour cost $10.50 in 1989 and fares on Hampton Jitney buses started at $15. For $69, however, one could catch a commercial flight from LaGuardia Airport to the Hamptons, an option that more and more travelers were choosing as the economy picked up.176 According to the general manager of a commuter airline that operated between LaGuardia Airport and the East Hampton Airport, passengers on this route constituted “a unique group” of “business executives, Wall Street brokers, professionals, artists, celebrities” who were “time-conscious people who want to maximize their time.”177 In 1989 Andy Sabin, an Upper East Sider who was the vice chairman of the New York Commodities Exchange and the principal owner of a large precious-metals refiner and recycler, said that he had been flying from the city to his summer place almost every weekend for the past fifteen years.


pages: 645 words: 190,680

The Taking of Getty Oil: Pennzoil, Texaco, and the Takeover Battle That Made History by Steve Coll

business cycle, corporate governance, corporate raider, financial innovation, interchangeable parts, Jarndyce and Jarndyce, jitney, North Sea oil, Ralph Nader, Ronald Reagan

One morning when it was all over, when Wall Street and Washington and executives at the nation’s largest corporations wanted to know who Joe Jamail was and where he had come from, the aging trial lawyer sat in a wooden rocking chair beside the floor-length window in his skyscraper office in Houston, sipped from a tall glass of iced tea, and told the story of his life in words only the most skillful provincial novelist could hope to produce: “My father had a confectionary store. You can’t see it from here now because the building was way down on the end of Main Street. There’s an old picture we had of it somewhere. They made cotton candy and divinities and shit like that. He also had the very first taxi company, which was run by mules. It was called Old Jitneys. I don’t remember any of this, but these are the tales my grandmother and great aunt used to tell. “My father was a big, handsome man. He and his brother started in the old market of Houston. You can see the spot from here. And he used to have a little table in there. Well, they grew, and finally they got a store and they built it up to where it was one of the biggest chains in the city. When they finally sold them, they had twenty-eight food stores in Texas.


pages: 898 words: 253,177

Cadillac Desert by Marc Reisner

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, California gold rush, clean water, Golden Gate Park, hacker house, jitney, Joan Didion, Maui Hawaii, oil shale / tar sands, old-boy network, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Silicon Valley, trade route, transcontinental railway, uranium enrichment, Works Progress Administration, yellow journalism

Then, on August 14, the hard black rock of Cataract Canyon reemerged from the crust of the earth. “The river enters the gneiss!” wrote Powell. Downriver, they heard what sounded like an avalanche. Soap Creek Rapids, Badger Creek Rapids, Crystal Creek Rapids, Lava Falls. Nearly all of the time, the creeks that plunge down the ravines of the Grand Canyon will barely float a walnut shell, but the flash floods resulting from a desert downpour can dislodge boulders as big as a jitney bus. Tumbled by gravity, the boulders carom into the main river and sit there, creating a dam, which doesn’t so much stop the river as make it mad. Except for the rapids of the Susitna, the Niagara, and perhaps a couple of rivers in Canada, the modern Colorado’s rapids are the biggest on the continent. Before the dams were built, however, the Colorado’s rapids were really big. At Lava Falls, where huge chunks of basalt dumped in the main river create a thirty-foot drop, waves at flood stage were as high as three-story houses.


Eastern USA by Lonely Planet

1960s counterculture, active transport: walking or cycling, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, bike sharing scheme, Bretton Woods, British Empire, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Charles Lindbergh, collective bargaining, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, Donald Trump, East Village, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute cuisine, Hernando de Soto, illegal immigration, immigration reform, information trail, interchangeable parts, jitney, Kickstarter, license plate recognition, Mason jar, mass immigration, McMansion, megacity, Menlo Park, new economy, New Urbanism, obamacare, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Skype, the built environment, the High Line, the payments system, transcontinental railway, union organizing, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, Works Progress Administration, young professional

Getting There & Around The most direct driving route is along the I-495, aka the LIE (Long Island Expwy), though be sure to avoid rush hour, when it’s commuter hell. Once in the Hamptons, there is one main road to the end, Montauk Hwy. The Long Island Rail Road (LIRR; www.mta.nyc.ny.us/lirr) serves all regions of Long Island, including the Hamptons ($25 one way, two hours 45 minutes), from Penn Station (NYC), Brooklyn and Queens. The Hampton Jitney (www.hamptonjitney.com; one way Tue-Thu $26, Fri-Mon $30) and Hampton Luxury Liner (www.hamptonluxuryliner.com; one way $40) bus services connect Manhattan’s midtown and Upper East Side to various Hamptons villages; the former also has services to/from various spots in Brooklyn. Hudson Valley Immediately north of New York City, green becomes the dominant color and the vistas of the Hudson River and the mountains breathe life into your urban-weary body.


USA Travel Guide by Lonely, Planet

1960s counterculture, active transport: walking or cycling, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, Asilomar, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, big-box store, bike sharing scheme, Bretton Woods, British Empire, Burning Man, California gold rush, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Charles Lindbergh, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, Donald Trump, Donner party, East Village, edge city, El Camino Real, Fall of the Berlin Wall, feminist movement, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, global village, Golden Gate Park, Guggenheim Bilbao, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, haute cuisine, Hernando de Soto, Howard Zinn, illegal immigration, immigration reform, information trail, interchangeable parts, intermodal, jitney, Kickstarter, license plate recognition, Mars Rover, Mason jar, mass immigration, Maui Hawaii, McMansion, Menlo Park, Monroe Doctrine, new economy, New Urbanism, obamacare, off grid, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, starchitect, stealth mode startup, stem cell, supervolcano, the built environment, The Chicago School, the High Line, the payments system, trade route, transcontinental railway, union organizing, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, working poor, Works Progress Administration, young professional, Zipcar

Getting There & Around The most direct driving route is along the I-495, aka the LIE (Long Island Expwy), though be sure to avoid rush hour, when it’s commuter hell. Once in the Hamptons, there is one main road to the end, Montauk Hwy. The Long Island Rail Road (LIRR; www.mta.nyc.ny.us/lirr) serves all regions of Long Island, including the Hamptons ($25 one way, two hours 45 minutes), from Penn Station (NYC), Brooklyn and Queens. The Hampton Jitney (www.hamptonjitney.com; one way Tue-Thu $26, Fri-Mon $30) and Hampton Luxury Liner (www.hamptonluxuryliner.com; one way $40) bus services connect Manhattan’s midtown and Upper East Side to various Hamptons villages; the former also has services to/from various spots in Brooklyn. Hudson Valley Immediately north of New York City, green becomes the dominant color and the vistas of the Hudson River and the mountains breathe life into your urban-weary body.