Norman Mailer

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Noam Chomsky: A Life of Dissent by Robert F. Barsky

Albert Einstein, anti-communist, centre right, feminist movement, Howard Zinn, information retrieval, means of production, Norman Mailer, profit motive, Ralph Nader, Ronald Reagan, strong AI, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, theory of mind, Yom Kippur War

This book is therefore filled with names of organizations, publications, and individual thinkers that have not been adequately discussed in relation to Chomsky's political work: the organizations include the left wing of Avukah, Black Power, the Council Communists, Freie Arbeiter Stimme, Hashomer Hatzair, the Independent Labor Party, the International Confederation for Disarmament and Peace (ICDP), the League for ArabJewish Cooperation, the League for Arab-Jewish Rapprochement, the Marlenites, Resist, workers' control; among the journals I mention are International Council Correspondence, Living Marxism, Avukah Student Action, and Politics; and some of the individuals I look at are Chomsky contemporaries Yehoshua Bar-Hillel, Ken Coates, David Dellinger, Peggy Duff, Mitchell Goodman, Zellig Harris, Edward file:///D|/export1/www.netlibrary.com/nlreader/nlreader.dll@bookid=9296&filename=page_6.html [4/16/2007 2:28:52 PM] Document Page 7 S. Herman, Jim Kelman, Denise Levertov, Robert Lowell, Norman Mailer, Paul Mattick, Raymond Williams, and Howard Zinn, to name but a few. While the work of another set of Chomsky contemporariesSam Abramovitch, Norman Epstein (whom Chomsky met fifteen years ago for the first time), Karl Korsch, Christopher Lasch, Dwight Macdonald (with whom Chomsky had contact in the 1960s), Seymour Melman (with whom Chomsky had casual contact early on, and who became a close friend), Karl Polanyi, and Arthur Rosenberghad no direct impact upon Chomsky's endeavors, it does provide some important insight into his thinking, and is therefore explored here.

In recognition of his friend's long experience with activism, Paul Lauter asked Chomsky (who had been trying to organize a national tax-resistance movement with Harold Tovish, a well-known sculptor) to team up with him and others to support draft resistance. It was 1966. This was one factor leading to the formation of Resist, which, Chomsky remembers, "very quickly became involved in other forms of resistance to illegitimate authority" (31 Mar. 1995). One of the activities in which Resist became involved was the March on the Pentagon. The march is described by Norman Mailer in his book The Armies of the Night: History as a Novel, The Novel as History. According to Mailer, it all began in September of 1967, when he received a phone call from Mitchell Goodman, a novelist who was married to poet and fellow activist Denise Levertov. Goodman had led antiwar protests in the past, and was on this day calling to urge Mailer to participate in Resist. He said: "On Friday ... we're going to have a demonstration at the Department of Justice to honor students who are turning in their draft cards" (Mailer 9).

There we will present to the Attorney General the draft cards turned in locally by these groups on October 16.... We will, in a clear, simple ceremony, make concrete our affirmation of support for these young men who are the spearhead of direct resistance to the war and all of its machinery.... [Signed] Mitchell Goodman, Henry Braun, Denise Levertov, Noam Chomsky, William Sloane Coffin, Dwight Macdonald. NOTE: Among the hundreds already committed to this action are Robert Lowell, Norman Mailer, Ashley Montagu, Arthur Waskow, and professors from most of the major colleges and universities in the East. (qtd. in Mailer 59-60) The resistance-group representatives were to turn in the draft cards, and then Mitchell Goodman, Reverend William Sloane Coffin, Dr. Benjamin Spock, and seven others would give speeches; the marchers would next make their way to the Office of the Attorney in the Department of Justice Building, where they would inform the attorney general that they were planning to assist draft dodgers.


pages: 338 words: 112,127

Leaving Orbit: Notes From the Last Days of American Spaceflight by Margaret Lazarus Dean

affirmative action, Elon Musk, helicopter parent, index card, Joan Didion, low earth orbit, Mars Rover, Nelson Mandela, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, operation paperclip, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman: Challenger O-ring, risk tolerance, sensible shoes

As a writer I tend to find myself in bookstores or libraries wherever I visit, but it’s unusual to meet a nonwriter who seems to share the same instinct. We find the Space area within the Science section, and as with the Visitor Center gift shop book section, Omar seems to have read every book in the place. He points books out to me, I point books out to him. I show him Norman Mailer’s Of a Fire on the Moon, recently reprinted in a coffee-table version with huge glossy photos. As Omar pages through the book, I try to tell him about Norman Mailer, about how the book came to be written. I tell him that I find Norman Mailer unbearable, but also quite brilliant. I tell him about the things Norman Mailer saw and described that no one else did, like Wernher von Braun’s speech at a Titusville country club the night before the launch of Apollo 11 or the cold drink machine at the Press Site whose malfunction became an extended metaphor for American technology and arrogance.

It’s integral to the experience of watching people soaring into the heavens while we, with pen and paper, are stuck on the ground. I feel it too, and that envy is at the heart of a kinship between Norman Mailer and me that transcends forty-two years, a change in space vehicle, and even gender—a difference not insignificant to Norman Mailer, who once remarked to Orson Welles in a television interview that all women should be kept in cages. But I understand him, I feel him, just the same. I’ve read accounts of the launch of Apollo 11 by each of the three men on board, by the flight director and dozens of other people closely tied to the mission, and I’ve clung to every word; yet it’s Norman Mailer’s wrestling with his own detachment, his own desire to feel something for that gray stick, that stays with me, that makes me feel I’ve been let in on what it was like to be there.

On the morning of July 16, 1969, the morning of the launch of Apollo 11, Norman Mailer woke up in a motel room. He writes that in the predawn darkness, “the night air a wet and lightless forest in the nose, one was finally scared.” He says that waking early to see a spacecraft launch reminds him of waking before dawn to invade a foreign beach, “an awakening in the dark of the sort one will always remember, for such nights live only on a few mornings of one’s life.” “One was scared.” An interesting turn of phrase, isn’t it? Any high school English teacher will tell you this is a grammatical evasion no less than “mistakes were made” (which President Nixon would not utter until three years on). Was Norman Mailer constitutionally incapable of writing the words “I was scared”? Was Norman Mailer unwilling to tell us, without the veil of fiction, of his own terror when, as a young soldier, he woke before dawn, after only fitful sleep, in order to storm the beaches of the Philippines?


pages: 302 words: 74,350

I Hate the Internet: A Novel by Jarett Kobek

Anne Wojcicki, Burning Man, disruptive innovation, East Village, Edward Snowden, Golden Gate Park, Google bus, Google Glasses, Google X / Alphabet X, immigration reform, indoor plumbing, informal economy, Jeff Bezos, liberation theology, Mark Zuckerberg, MITM: man-in-the-middle, Norman Mailer, nuclear winter, packet switching, PageRank, Peter Thiel, quantitative easing, Ray Kurzweil, rent control, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, technological singularity, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, union organizing, V2 rocket, Vernor Vinge, wage slave, Whole Earth Catalog

New Englanders complained about the snow, but it wasn’t much compared with Baby’s childhood. Sometimes, Baby liked looking at Norman Mailer’s house. Norman Mailer was a writer who didn’t have eumelanin in the basale stratum of his epidermis. Back in the early 1990s, Baby and his friend Regina, who had some eumelanin in her epidermis, were at a party. So was Norman Mailer. Norman Mailer made a leering advance at Regina and called Baby sweetheart. Baby threatened to beat Norman Mailer like a dusty broom. This incident raised Baby’s profile with New York’s literati. A few years later, Baby and Adeline crashed a party at Norman Mailer’s apartment in Brooklyn. There was another confrontation. Baby was asked to leave the premises. When Norman Mailer died in 2007, Baby stopped looking at the house. “I can’t get over that you know Kevin Killian,” said Baby.

Her sexual encounters with Nash Mac had been so pointless. The sex itself hadn’t been particularly good. Now there was a child. A child was like a life sentence of Nash Mac. She’d considered an abortion but didn’t do it. This was not due to ideology. Adeline had been the person in high school who helped other girls get abortions. She’d driven them to clinics and held their hands in reception areas painted the color of Norman Mailer’s living room in Brooklyn. Adeline believed that abortions were a social good. Which, of course, they were. She still brought Emil to term. Adeline’s older sister Dahlia flew out from Los Angeles to help with the pregnancy. Dahlia had a husband named Charles. She’d had two children with Charles. No one in Dahlia’s nuclear family had any eumelanin in the basale strata of their epidermises.


pages: 363 words: 123,076

The Gang That Wouldn't Write Straight: Wolfe, Thompson, Didion, Capote, and the New Journalism Revolution by Marc Weingarten

1960s counterculture, Bonfire of the Vanities, British Empire, citizen journalism, cognitive dissonance, Donner party, East Village, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Haight Ashbury, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, Joan Didion, Kickstarter, Menlo Park, New Journalism, non-fiction novel, Norman Mailer, post-work, pre–internet, rent control, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Stewart Brand, upwardly mobile, working poor, yellow journalism

Page 178 “There had been all too many years”: Norman Mailer, The Armies of the Night: History as a Novel, The Novel as History (New York: Plume, 1994), 8. “helps you to think better”: Richard Copans and Stan Neumann, Mailer on Mailer, American Masters documentary (New York: Thirteen/WNET, Reciprocal Films, Films d’lci & France 2, 2000). “[L]isten, Lyndon Johnson”: Norman Mailer, The Time of Our Time (New York: Modern Library, 1999), 551. “He knew that by telling everyone”: Manso, Mailer, 408. “Three cheers, lads”: Ibid. “A Communist bureaucrat”: Mailer, The Time of Our Time, 553. “under the yoke”: Ibid., 540. “hit the longest ball in American letters”: Seymour Krim, “Norman Mailer, Get Out of My Head!”New York, April 21, 1969. “Moving from one activity to another”: Paul Carroll, “The Playboy Interview: Norman Mailer,”Playboy, January 1968.

The idea had germinated at an after-hours story meeting: Manso, Mailer, 498. why Mailer was on the top of the ticket: Jimmy Breslin, “I Run to Win,” New York, May 5, 1969. “I wanted to make actions”: Steven Marcus, “Norman Mailer,” Writers at Work: The Paris Review Interviews, 3rd Series (New York: Penguin, 1979), 278. Background of the Mailer-Breslin campaign: Manso, Mailer; Peter Manso, ed., Running Against the Machine: The Mailer-Breslin Campaign (Garden City, N.Y: Doubleday, 1969). Page 210 “[T]he condition of the city of New York at this time”: Breslin, “I Run to Win.” “I’d piss on it”: Jimmy Breslin, I Want to Thank My Brain for Remembering Me (Boston: Little, Brown, 1996), 121. “After Norman Mailer and I finished”: Jimmy Breslin, “And Furthermore, I Promise,”New York, June 16, 1969. “A wistful Republican malaise”: Julie Baumgold, “Going Private: Life in the Clean Machine,” New York, January 6, 1969.

Witness Time’s and Newsweek’s clumsy mishandling of the hippie movement, or the embarrassing countercultural appropriations of broadcast journalism (Dan Rather reporting from Vietnam in a Nehru jacket, to name just one egregious example). Within a seven-year period, a group of writers emerged, seemingly out of nowhere—Tom Wolfe, Jimmy Breslin, Gay Talese, Hunter S. Thompson, Joan Didion, John Sack, Michael Herr—to impose some order on all of this American mayhem, each in his or her own distinctive manner (a few old hands, like Truman Capote and Norman Mailer, chipped in as well). They came to tell us stories about ourselves in ways that we couldn’t, stories about the way life was being lived in the sixties and seventies and what it all meant. The stakes were high; deep fissures were rending the social fabric, the world was out of order. So they became our master explainers, our town criers, even our moral conscience—the New Journalists. Was it a movement?


pages: 377 words: 21,687

Digital Apollo: Human and Machine in Spaceflight by David A. Mindell

1960s counterculture, Charles Lindbergh, computer age, deskilling, fault tolerance, interchangeable parts, Mars Rover, more computing power than Apollo, Norbert Wiener, Norman Mailer, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, Silicon Valley, Stewart Brand, telepresence, telerobotics

More realistically, what mix of the three? Early studies based on terrestrial models suggested crew structures in which technical experts would chauffeur a scientist-observer on a lunar expedition. 5 ‘‘Braincase on the tip of a firecracker’’: Apollo Guidance It was a curious ship, a braincase on the tip of a firecracker. . . . Without fire it could not move; without electricity it could not think. —Norman Mailer, Of a Fire on the Moon In this guidance and navigation business, we’re kind of one down in the dramatic art. We have to compete with people who build engines and make lots of smoke and flame . . . in the computer area, we don’t even have any moving parts. We have some small flashing lights . . . and that’s about as dramatic as we get. —Ralph Ragan, Raytheon Company, Apollo Project Operations Manager When John F.

Real landings, with skilled but fallible people flying magnificent but imperfect machines in less than ideal circumstances, would begin to answer these questions. 9 ‘‘Pregnant with alarm’’: Apollo 11 Armstrong, sitting in the commander’s seat . . . is a man who is not only a machine himself in the links of these networks . . . a man somewhat more than a pilot, somewhat more indeed than a superpilot, is in fact a veritable high priest of the forces of society and scientific history concentrated in that mini-cathedral, a general of the forces of technology . . . of the vast multibillion dollar technological bands which belted the very economy of the nation . . . the methods of the hospital mixed with the methods of the football team. —Norman Mailer, Of a Fire on the Moon Apollo 11 was a test flight whose major goal was simply to prove the feasibility of lunar landing with the Apollo system. Most aspects of the flight to the moon had been tried before. Apollo 10 had gone right down to 50,000 feet and then returned home, only a PDI burn remaining between it and the lunar surface. Yet from that point downward everything was new on Apollo 11—accomplished many times before, but only in simulation.

But it did recur. On the ground, engineers scrambled. At the IL, engineers were following the flights in real-time, sitting in an MIT classroom in Cambridge listening to the flight controllers and the LM on a ‘‘squawk box.’’ The 1202 reading told the IL engineers it was an ‘‘executive overload.’’ The computer was falling behind in its tasks; something was stealing processing cycles. (‘‘Executive Overload!’’ Norman Mailer observed. ‘‘What a name! One thinks of seepage on the corporation president’s bathroom floor.’’6) But the engineers were too far away to be of any help. ‘‘I had never seen or heard one [a 1202 alarm] in all of our pre-flight testing,’’ Fred Martin of IL recalled. In Houston, flight controller Steve Bales asked his back room team for some help. There, engineer Jack Garman cleared, stating ‘‘We’re go on that alarm.’’


pages: 302 words: 74,878

A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger Life by Brian Grazer, Charles Fishman

4chan, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, Apple II, Asperger Syndrome, Bonfire of the Vanities, en.wikipedia.org, game design, Google Chrome, Howard Zinn, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, Norman Mailer, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, out of africa, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, the scientific method, Tim Cook: Apple

I told him that the point of the book is to inspire other people to see the simple power of curiosity to make their own lives better. Koons’s face lit up. “I understand,” he said. “I love that.” And the drawing he did for the cover captures what we were talking about—a seemingly simple line drawing of a face that conveys exactly the joy, openheartedness, and excitement that being curious brings. Writer Puts Producer in a Headlock Perhaps the greatest boxing writer in modern America was Norman Mailer. He was a great writer about many things—Mailer won the National Book Award and two Pulitzers—and also a huge force in America’s cultural landscape starting in the 1950s, when he cofounded The Village Voice. When we started working on Cinderella Man, the boxing movie that we ultimately got to show to President Bush at the White House, I decided it would be fun and valuable to talk to Mailer about the boxer Jim Braddock and the role of boxing in Depression-era America.

We complained to each other about our relationships. Even at eighty-one, Mailer was a tough guy. He was short, and thick, and very strong. He had a big, tough face. And he had a very interesting voice. He enunciated every word. Every word had drama to it. You leaned into his voice. It was about three in the afternoon, but Mailer ordered a drink. I remember thinking it was a little early to start drinking—but probably not in the world Norman Mailer lived and wrote in. He was a bridge to the era of Hemingway. He had something you’d expect from a guy like Mailer—something old-fashioned, like a sidecar. A whiskey drink. Mailer liked the idea of a movie about Jim Braddock. He was crabby—he was crabby about most things that afternoon. But he liked the idea of the movie. He was kind of funny. We took some pictures—he was willing to take pictures with me, but he wasn’t warm and fuzzy about it.

He talked about the physiognomy of the boxers, how they study each other’s bodies and faces, looking for the places where the punches will really hurt. He was demonstrating an exchange of punches in a particular fight, and he said, “And then he threw him out of the ring.” I was surprised. I asked, “How’d that go? How did he throw him out of the ring?” He just reached over, said “It went like this,” and then all of a sudden Norman Mailer had me in a headlock. Right in the lobby of the Royalton Hotel. The famous writer put the Hollywood producer in a headlock. I wasn’t quite sure what to do. With his arms wrapped around my head, it was clear how strong he was. It was slightly embarrassing. I didn’t want to struggle. But I also wasn’t quite sure what would happen next. How long would Mailer keep me in the headlock? It lasted long enough to leave a strong impression.


pages: 577 words: 171,126

Light This Candle: The Life & Times of Alan Shepard--America's First Spaceman by Neal Thompson

Charles Lindbergh, Columbine, cuban missile crisis, Donald Trump, MITM: man-in-the-middle, Norman Mailer, place-making, Silicon Valley, William Langewiesche

That hunger for supermen could be seen in the astromania to come: the astronaut dolls, the rock songs (one California surf band called itself the Astronauts), and television shows and novels about astronauts and space. But there was more than just a cold war need for personified symbols of America’s superiority. The nation also sought a new type of male role model. Not the Father Knows Best brand, but the Elvis Presley brand. And the astronauts were perfect specimens of what Norman Mailer called “the white Negro.” In a 1959 essay of the same name, Mailer praised this new kind of male hipster, the guy who knew how to “follow the rebellious imperative of the self” and, instead of “the single mate, the solid family, and the respectable love life,” pursued a life of “Saturday night kicks.” Schirra would later write: “We were seven veteran test pilots but unsophisticated in many ways, not very well prepared for the sudden fame of being America’s first astronauts.

She had already met Dee O’Hara, Deke Slayton, Wernher von Braun, and others. But she was intensely curious about the man who’d led America into space. What traits distinguished him from the others? Shepard greeted her with a warm smile—a smile that made her wary from the start. A petite, chain-smoking, mischievous blonde, Fallaci had a reputation for antagonizing interviewees. She once called Norman Mailer “an apologist for violence” and asked Hugh Hefner if he actually liked women, “beyond the sex, I mean.” As she sat in Shepard’s office, assessing his warm but wary smile, she thought he vaguely resembled a carnivorous plant she once saw in a London botanical garden. He was attractive without being overtly handsome, she thought, but his features were all oversized— protruding lips, large teeth, round eyes that seemed “hungry, and so large.”

Far more than a story of the space race, The Right Stuff was viewed by many as the first book to deeply explore the rich brotherhood of the jet jockey and the only-in-America culture of the celebrity astronaut. Wolfe’s unique voice brought to life an era that no previous writer had managed to capture so fully. Maybe it required distance and perspective, and maybe that’s why previous attempts to scratch deeper than the sanitized Life magazine version of the space race—by such notable writers as Norman Mailer, no less— had failed. But The Right Stuff’s huge success was due in part to its telling of the dark and sexy side of the astronaut story—the less-than-heroic stuff that all other journalists and authors of the 1960s obediently stayed away from, or never got near. Freed from the limits of being an obligatory hagiographer, Wolfe let loose with sensual references to “young juicy girls with stand-up jugs and full-sprung thighs” lurking around the astronauts.


pages: 538 words: 164,533

1968: The Year That Rocked the World by Mark Kurlansky

anti-communist, Berlin Wall, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, East Village, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, European colonialism, feminist movement, global village, Haight Ashbury, land reform, Marshall McLuhan, Mikhail Gorbachev, MITM: man-in-the-middle, Norman Mailer, post-industrial society, Ronald Reagan, South China Sea

On a Saturday in late October 1967, the Mobe had organized an antiwar demonstration in Washington, with protesters gathering at the Lincoln Memorial and then crossing the Potomac to march on the Pentagon. An antiwar activist from Berkeley, Jerry Rubin, was there with a New York City friend from the civil rights movement, Abbie Hoffman. Hoffman managed to grab media attention during the Washington march by promising to levitate the Pentagon and exorcize it by spinning it around. He did not deliver on his promise. Norman Mailer was there and wrote about it in Armies of the Night, which was to become one of the most read and praised books of 1968. The poet Robert Lowell, linguist and philosopher Noam Chomsky, and editor Dwight MacDonald were among the marchers. These were more than just spoiled and privileged draft-dodging kids, which had been the popular way to characterize the antiwar movement or, as Mailer put it more sympathetically in his book, “the drug illumined and revolutionary young of the American middle class.”

The previous Tuesday, 4 sailors had deserted the aircraft carrier Intrepid and were granted Swedish resident visas. Race issues were also becoming more difficult. The shifting mood, already labeled “white backlash,” was in part a reaction to rising crime and to the fact that young people and their counterculture stars openly used forbidden drugs, but it was mostly a reaction to black riots in northern cities. In one of his both bizarre and typical moments of self-discovery, Norman Mailer in his 1968 book Miami and the Siege of Chicago—one of three Mailer books published that year—described waiting for a Ralph Abernathy press conference for which the civil rights leader was forty minutes late. “The reporter became aware of a peculiar emotion in himself, for he had not ever felt it consciously before”—only slightly more modest than Charles de Gaulle, Mailer often referred to himself in third person singular—“It was a simple emotion and very unpleasant to him—he was getting tired of Negroes and their rights.”

New York Times television critic Jack Gould wrote, “For the huge TV audience the grim pictures unfolded in the last week cannot fail to leave the impression that the agony of Vietnam is acute and that the detached analyses of Secretary of State Dean Rusk and Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara, who appeared yesterday on ‘Meet the Press,’ could be incomplete.” The print media was also giving more attention to the war than they ever had before. Harper’s magazine and the Atlantic Monthly put out special Vietnam War issues. Harper’s entire March issue, on sale in February, was devoted to a Norman Mailer article about the antiwar movement that powerfully criticized U.S. policy. Atlantic Monthly’s entire March issue was devoted to a piece by Dan Wakefield also about antiwar sentiment. Though both magazines were more than a century old and neither had ever done single-article issues, both said it was a coincidence that they were producing such issues at the same time on the same subject. Photography was being used in this February explosion of media as it rarely had been before.


pages: 142 words: 18,753

Bobos in Paradise: The New Upper Class and How They Got There by David Brooks

1960s counterculture, affirmative action, Community Supported Agriculture, David Brooks, Donald Trump, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, George Gilder, haute couture, haute cuisine, income inequality, Jane Jacobs, Jeff Bezos, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Robert Bork, Silicon Valley, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Thorstein Veblen, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban planning, War on Poverty, Yogi Berra

But briefly, and leaving aside the civil rights movement and Vietnam and all the complex and substantive political turmoils of that decade, here are a few of the countercultural straws in the wind: In the realm of public theater, Abbie Hoffman threw dollar bills down on the traders of the New York Stock Exchange. The Diggers, a group of San Francisco performance artists, declared “The Death of Money and the Birth of the Free.” In the literary realm, Norman Mailer explored what it meant to be a hipster. In his collection of essays, Advertisements for Myself, Mailer published, glossy-magazine style, a list of what was hip and what was square, and his list corresponds to the traditional split between the bohemian and the bourgeois. Night, he wrote, is hip, whereas day is square. Crooks are hip, whereas the police are square. The body is hip, whereas the mind is square.

They armed themselves against invasions by journalism, advertising, and the celebrity culture, fighting off the Babbitts and the philistines. “The hostility of the common man toward the intellectual is of all times and places,” wrote Jacques Barzun in The House of Intellect. Richard Hofstadter’s Anti-Intellectualism in American Life was a salvo in the war between mind and matter. The biggest threat to the independent intellectual was money and its temptations. Commerce was the enemy of art. Norman Mailer got into a lot of trouble with his intellectual friends when his novel The Naked and the Dead became a bestseller. Its commercial success was taken as prima facie evidence that there was something wrong with it. And commercial culture didn’t just attack intellect head-on with crass financial offers. It came up disguised in Trojan Horse form as middlebrow culture. It’s hard now to understand the ferocity highbrow intellectuals of the 1950s brought to bear in their assault on the middlebrow.

Next to the writers, poets and essayists of earlier decades, Atlas argued, today’s creative types are a pretty tame bunch. He recalled that the literary giants he admired during his student days at Harvard drank and caroused with abandon. “My gurus were the famously hard-drinking literati of an earlier epoch: a shaky hung-over Robert Lowell chain-smoking mentholated Trues at a seminar table in the Quincy House basement; a drunken Norman Mailer brandishing a bottle of whiskey and baiting the crows in Sanders Theatre; Allen Ginsberg toking up at a Signet Society dinner and chanting his poems to the hypnotic accompaniment of a harmonium. Postwar poetry was a hymn of excess.” These were artists living the bohemian way. Atlas described the booze-filled gatherings of the old literati, the smoky parties, the embarrassing scenes, the bitter feuds, and the ensuing divorces.


pages: 309 words: 95,644

On Writing Well (30th Anniversary Edition) by William Zinsser

affirmative action, Alistair Cooke, Donald Trump, feminist movement, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, Joan Didion, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, popular capitalism, telemarketer, Thomas L Friedman

Extending the metaphor of carpentry, it’s first necessary to be able to saw wood neatly and to drive nails. Later you can bevel the edges or add elegant finials, if that’s your taste. But you can never forget that you are practicing a craft that’s based on certain principles. If the nails are weak, your house will collapse. If your verbs are weak and your syntax is rickety, your sentences will fall apart. I’ll admit that certain nonfiction writers, like Tom Wolfe and Norman Mailer, have built some remarkable houses. But these are writers who spent years learning their craft, and when at last they raised their fanciful turrets and hanging gardens, to the surprise of all of us who never dreamed of such ornamentation, they knew what they were doing. Nobody becomes Tom Wolfe overnight, not even Tom Wolfe. First, then, learn to hammer the nails, and if what you build is sturdy and serviceable, take satisfaction in its plain strength.

If you find yourself hopelessly mired in a long sentence, it’s probably because you’re trying to make the sentence do more than it can reasonably do—perhaps express two dissimilar thoughts. The quickest way out is to break the long sentence into two short sentences, or even three. There is no minimum length for a sentence that’s acceptable in the eyes of God. Among good writers it is the short sentence that predominates, and don’t tell me about Norman Mailer—he’s a genius. If you want to write long sentences, be a genius. Or at least make sure that the sentence is under control from beginning to end, in syntax and punctuation, so that the reader knows where he is at every step of the winding trail. The Exclamation Point. Don’t use it unless you must to achieve a certain effect. It has a gushy aura, the breathless excitement of a debutante commenting on an event that was exciting only to her: “Daddy says I must have had too much champagne!”

Ninety percent of the magazine was now allotted to nonfiction articles, with just one short story by a three-named author to keep the faithful from feeling abandoned. It was the beginning of a golden era of nonfiction, especially in Life, which ran finely crafted articles every week; in The New Yorker, which elevated the form by originating such landmarks of modern American writing as Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring and Truman Capote’s In Cold Blood; and in Harper’s, which commissioned such remarkable pieces as Norman Mailer’s Armies of the Night. Nonfiction became the new American literature. Today there’s no area of life—present or past—that isn’t being made accessible to ordinary readers by men and women writing with high seriousness and grace. Add to this literature of fact all the disciplines that were once regarded as academic, like anthropology and economics and social history, that have become the domain of nonfiction writers and of broadly curious readers.


pages: 254 words: 68,133

The Age of Illusions: How America Squandered Its Cold War Victory by Andrew J. Bacevich

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, clean water, Columbian Exchange, Credit Default Swap, cuban missile crisis, David Brooks, deindustrialization, Donald Trump, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, gig economy, global village, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, illegal immigration, income inequality, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, Marshall McLuhan, mass incarceration, Mikhail Gorbachev, Monroe Doctrine, Norman Mailer, obamacare, Occupy movement, planetary scale, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Potemkin village, price stability, Project for a New American Century, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Saturday Night Live, school choice, Silicon Valley, Thomas L Friedman, too big to fail, trickle-down economics, WikiLeaks

By the time the Abu Ghraib scandal broke in April 2004, exposing the torture and abuse to which Iraqi detainees were being subjected by U.S. troops, it lost all remaining credibility.19 In the absence of crusades, what remains? Nearly unanimous disdain for Congress, vaguely patriotic rituals like singing the national anthem prior to sporting events, and lifestyle-related crazes like Black Friday and Cyber Monday cannot conceal what has become an ongoing process of fragmentation.20 “Our tragedy,” novelist Norman Mailer once wrote, “is that we diverge as countrymen further and further away from one another, like a space ship broken apart in flight which now drifts mournfully in isolated orbits, satellites to each other, planets none, communications faint.”21 If a half century premature, Mailer’s diagnosis now turns out to be devastatingly accurate. Trump’s election and the response that it evoked testify to this reality.

.: Clinging to Religion, Guns, Xenophobia,” Politico (April 11, 2008). 17. Abraham Lincoln, “First Inaugural Address” (March 4, 1861). 18. George W. Bush, “State of the Union Address” (January 29, 2002). 19. For a near-contemporaneous assessment, see Seymour M. Hersh, “Torture at Abu Ghraib,” New Yorker (May 10, 2004). 20. Sarah Anderson, “The Postal Worker’s Christmas,” New York Times (December 18, 2018). 21. Norman Mailer, “An Evening with Jackie Kennedy,” Esquire (July 1962). 22. “I Am Part of the Resistance Inside the Trump Administration,” New York Times (September 5, 2018). 23. David Welna, “Trump Has Vowed to Fill Guantanamo with ‘Some Bad Dudes’—But Who?,” NPR (November 14, 2016). 24. Heather Long, “Under Trump’s Watch, the U.S. Is on Track for the Highest Trade Deficit in 10 Years,” Washington Post (August 3, 2018). 25.

Khamenei, Ayatollah Ali Kim Jong-un King, Martin Luther Kipling, Rudyard Kissinger, Henry Koch brothers Korea. See also North Korea Korean War Kosovo Kriner, Douglas Kristol, Irving Krugman, Paul Kuwait, Iraqi invasion of Lasch, Christopher Latin America Lee, Robert E. Lehman Brothers Lewinsky, Monica Liberty University Libya Life life expectancy Lincoln, Abraham Lippmann, Walter lobbyists Long, Huey Luce, Henry Macmillan, Harold Mahan, Alfred Thayer Mailer, Norman Maine, USS, sinking of Manifest Destiny “Manifesto for a Fast World” (Friedman) Manigault, Omarosa Manila Bay, Battle of manufacturing Mao Zedong markets marriage redefining same-sex traditional Marshall, George C. Marshall Plan McCain, John McGovern, George McGrory, Mary McKinley, William media Medicaid and Medicare Merrill Lynch #MeToo movement Mexican War Mexico Bill Clinton and NAFTA and wall and middle class militarized global leadership (hegemony).


pages: 347 words: 90,234

You Can't Make This Stuff Up: The Complete Guide to Writing Creative Nonfiction--From Memoir to Literary Journalism and Everything in Between by Lee Gutkind

airport security, Albert Einstein, Atul Gawande, Columbine, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, Joan Didion, Mark Zuckerberg, New Journalism, non-fiction novel, Norman Mailer, out of africa, personalized medicine, publish or perish, Ronald Reagan, Stephen Hawking, working poor, Year of Magical Thinking

Creative nonfiction . is the dominant form in publications like the New Yorker, Esquire, and Vanity Fair. You will even find creative nonfiction stories featured on the front page of the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal. We will look at some examples of that later in this book. If you leaf through magazines published in the 1960s and 1970s (you may have to use microfiche), you’ll see that creative nonfiction was dominant then as well. Gay Talese, Truman Capote, Lillian Ross, and Norman Mailer regularly contributed what we now call creative nonfiction to the magazines noted above as well as to magazines that no longer exist, like Collier’s and the Saturday Review. The big difference between then and now is that this artful nonfiction is rapidly growing, while readership and sales of literary and popular (paperback) fiction have remained stagnant or decreased—and that the genre now has a name most everyone accepts.

Remember, the term “creative nonfiction” includes two words—and writers sometimes become so obsessed with the first that they forget the second. Combining research and story creates connective tissue and forges the universal chord that we are all seeking in order to reach out to the reader on all levels and maximize our audience. The Creative Nonfiction Way of Life Once I thought I was going to become a great American novelist. My heroes were Ernest Hemingway, Philip Roth, Joseph Heller, and Norman Mailer, among others, typical and predictable for a Jewish boy growing up in the 1950s and 1960s at a time when, as Tom Wolfe has pointed out, the novel was “king” of American literature. But the more I read these terrific authors and their books I so admired, the more ignorant I felt—naive about the world. I knew only the people in my neighborhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, a nice enough place.

- Merriam-Webster’s dictionary names “truthiness” its Word of the Year (the runner-up, trailing 5 to 1 : “google”). - Smith online magazine begins soliciting six-word memoirs, eventually publishing a best-selling collection “from writers famous and obscure.” - Creative Nonfiction launches PodLit, a literary podcast focusing on nonfiction and literary trends. - Elizabeth Gilbert’s Eat, Pray, Love: Millions of readers buy, read, envy. (And take up yoga.) 2007 Norman Mailer—novelist, New Journalist, cofounder of the Village Voice, Pulitzer Prize winner—dies at 84. - Scandal! Sort of. Maybe. Alex Heard fact-checks four David Sedaris books and concludes in the New Republic that the best-selling humorist often goes too far for his work to count as nonfiction, “even if you allow for an extra-wiggly definition of ‘exaggerate.’” Readers are apparently too busy laughing to feel outraged


pages: 467 words: 149,632

If Then: How Simulmatics Corporation Invented the Future by Jill Lepore

A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, anti-communist, Buckminster Fuller, computer age, coronavirus, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, don't be evil, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, game design, George Gilder, Grace Hopper, Hacker Ethic, Howard Zinn, index card, information retrieval, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, Jeffrey Epstein, job automation, land reform, linear programming, Mahatma Gandhi, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, mass incarceration, Maui Hawaii, Menlo Park, New Journalism, New Urbanism, Norbert Wiener, Norman Mailer, packet switching, Peter Thiel, profit motive, RAND corporation, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, smart cities, South China Sea, Stewart Brand, technoutopianism, Telecommunications Act of 1996, urban renewal, War on Poverty, white flight, Whole Earth Catalog

Beginning with the lunch-counter sit-ins in Greensboro in 1960, students had become, for the first time in American history, the leaders of national political movements, movements that reached from campus to campus, from the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee to the Free Speech Movement to the SDS. But the biggest antiwar gathering of that year was a teach-in held in May at the University of California, Berkeley. Thirty thousand people gathered for thirty-six hours. “If we wish to take a strange country away from strangers,” Norman Mailer told the crowd at Berkeley, “let us at least be strong enough and brave enough to defeat them on the ground.” Mario Savio spoke at the Berkeley teach-in, indicting the war, and so did baby doctor Benjamin Spock. Folksinger Phil Ochs sang “I heard many men lying / I saw many more dying” from his song “I Ain’t Marchin’ Anymore.” Nevertheless, the American military was marching: that summer, Johnson sent fifty thousand more men to Vietnam.

It hummed and thrummed and blinked and whirred, all weekend. On Monday, McNamara’s men came back. The output tray contained a single punch card. It read, “You won in 1965.” Chapter 11 The Things They Carried Liberal academics had no root of a real war with technology land itself, no, in all likelihood, they were the natural managers of that future air-conditioned vault where the last of human life would still exist. —Norman Mailer, The Armies of the Night, 1968 Thomas Morgan and his daughter at an antiwar march in New York, 1967. It was raining in New York on the morning of April 15, 1967, a Saturday in springtime, when the first antiwar protesters began gathering at the Sheep Meadow in Central Park. They were students, they were children, they were businessmen and housewives and old people and new people, even newborns, and strangers and friends and veterans and draftees, and amputees.

Rubin had come up with the idea to lead a march to the Pentagon.92 By midmorning, more than a hundred thousand people had gathered at the Lincoln Memorial. They carried daisies. They carried roses. Organizers had shipped in some two hundred pounds of flowers.93 The rally began at eleven o’clock in the morning. Peter, Paul and Mary sang wailing, mournful ballads; Phil Ochs sang antiwar anthems. Then came the speeches—from celebrities, mainly. Baby doctor Benjamin Spock and bad boy novelist Norman Mailer, who wrote a book about the protest, called The Armies of the Night. “We consider the war Lyndon Johnson is waging as disastrous in every way,” Spock said. The crowd roared, “Hell no! We won’t go!” Ella Collins, Malcolm X’s sister, rose to the stage and said, “This is the first time I have witnessed white people and black people rocking in the same boat.” At one-thirty, a trumpet sounded, the call for the march to begin to move.


The History and Uncertain Future of Handwriting by Anne Trubek

computer age, crowdsourcing, Internet Archive, invention of the printing press, lateral thinking, Norman Mailer, QWERTY keyboard, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Steven Pinker, Whole Earth Catalog

But it is their post-1950 literary collection that they are most concerned with building today.1 Creating an archive of contemporary authors’ papers presents challenges: Many authors, of course, have been word processing since the 1980s, and their manuscripts—that of Dreiser’s Sister Carrie—are overwritten as they are revised, the first drafts lost to posterity. The authors included in the Ransom collection are those who have been wedded to handwriting. Although the center bought the platen Norman Mailer used to type The Naked and the Dead, it was no doubt the rest of Mailer’s ten-ton, $2.5 million archive that prompted them to close the deal. “His mother saved everything!” said the guide looking at row after row of Mailer boxes filled with handwritten notes, letters, and drafts. The Ransom Center also has the longhand first drafts of novels by J. M. Coetzee, Ian McEwan, and Denis Johnson. Thomas Staley, the longtime director, who retired in 2013, kept hunting for new talent: He had a photocopied list of some six hundred authors on whose careers he had an eye.

See also typewriting and typewriters advantages of, here democratizing effect of, here, here handwriting compared to, here, here, here, here, here, here prisoners’ lack of access to, here standards for learning, here, here Klages, Ludwig, here Koran, here Latin alphabet, here, here Latin language, here, here, here, here, here, here Latin script, here, here, here left-handed writing, here, here lettered chalkboards, here letterers and lettering artistic aspects of, here calligraphy distinguished from, here calligraphy training of, here, here, here scripts created by, here, here liber, here libraries handwritten manuscript collections of, here, here, here, here of Romans, here Library of Alexandria, here limners, here Linear A, here Linear B, here linguistic patterns, here linguistic principles, here linguistic repurposing, here, here literacy effect of handwriting on, here increased access to, here in medieval era, here in New World, here restrictions on, here, here, here, here, here, here, here U.S. rates of, here, here literate cultures, here logograms, here Lombardic script, here London, Jack, here, here Longcamp, Marieke, here lowercase letters, here, here, here Luther, Martin, here McEwan, Ian, here McGurrin, Frank, here McNichol, Andrea, here Mailer, Norman, here majuscule letters, here, here marginalia, here, here Martial (Roman poet), here Matlack, Timothy, here Mayflower Century Style of American Writing, here Medici, Cosimo de’, here medieval era and non-Christian content of Greek and Roman works, here, here, here, here, here professional scribes of, here, here scribal monks of, here, here, here, here, here scripts in, here, here, here, here, here, here survival of writing from, here Melville, Herman, here memory effect of handwriting on, here memorization of Homer’s poems, here memory systems in oral cultures, here and value of oral communication, here memory boards, here memory palaces, here Merovingian script, here Michon, Jean-Hippolyte, here, here Middle East, here Millican, Peter, here minuscule letters, here, here, here mnemonic devices, here monks individuality of, here, here in Ireland, here labor involved in copying, here, here, here, here, here parchment prepared by, here on printed books, here as scribes, here, here, here, here, here, here silence required of, here workplace of, here, here, here, here morality, here, here, here Morgan Library & Museum, New York, here Morison, Stanley, here Morris, William, here Moses, here Mount Vesuvius, here, here Muslims, here, here, here Napoleon, here National Archives, here, here national hands, here National Handwriting Day, here nature, here, here Nero (Roman emperor), here New World, literacy in, here New York Public Library, here Northern Italy, here Oberlin College, here Old Persian language, here, here Olivetti typewriters, here orality and oral communication alphabets representing spoken sounds, here, here chat rooms based on patterns of, here of Greeks, here, here, here, here, here in medieval era, here and mnemonic devices, here oral cultures, here of Romans, here, here spoken reading, here value of conversation, here, here, here writing compared to, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here ostraca, here, here paleography, here, here, here Palmer, A.


pages: 717 words: 196,908

The Idea of Decline in Western History by Arthur Herman

agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, British Empire, David Attenborough, European colonialism, George Santayana, ghettoisation, hiring and firing, Joan Didion, laissez-faire capitalism, late capitalism, lateral thinking, liberal capitalism, mass immigration, means of production, Menlo Park, Nelson Mandela, Norman Mailer, nuclear winter, plutocrats, Plutocrats, post scarcity, profit motive, road to serfdom, Robert Bork, Scientific racism, Scramble for Africa, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transcontinental railway, upwardly mobile

Not only has it affected peoples’ lives in unexpected and startling ways which we will examine in some detail, but it may also be inseparable from the idea of civilization itself. But we will also see that the idea of decline consists of two distinct traditions. For every Western intellectual who dreads the collapse of his own society (like Henry Adams or Arnold Toynbee or Paul Kennedy or Charles Murray), there is another who has looked forward to that event with glee. For the better part of three decades, America’s preeminent thinkers and critics—from Norman Mailer, Gore Vidal, Thomas Pynchon, Christopher Lasch, Jonathan Kozol, and Garry Wills to Joseph Campbell, Joan Didion, Susan Sontag, Jonathan Schell, Robert Heilbroner, Richard Sennett, Noam Chomsky, Paul Goodman, Michael Harrington, E.L. Doctorow, and Kirkpatrick Sale, not to mention Cornel West, Albert Gore, and the Unabomber—have advanced a picture of American society far more frightening than anything pessimists like Charles Murray or Kevin Phillips could come up with.

Sartre found Cuba’s leaders Fidel Castro and Che Guevara to be the fulfillment of his authentic man, unifying thought and action, art and politics. Castro’s revolution had, Sartre announced, “rolled back the limits of the possible.” As another visitor remarked, “You come away with your faith in the human race restored.”15 The Third World personality, “the person of color,” turned out to have the vitality needed to bring renewal not only to his own, postcolonial culture but to that of exhausted whites as well. Norman Mailer said after his Cuban visit in 1963, “We were a league of silent defeated men. You [Castro] were aiding us, giving us psychic ammunition … in that desperate silent struggle … against the cold insidious cancer of the power that governs us.”16 Still later, Hollywood films such as Dances With Wolves and The Old Gringo would extend that same redemptive theme, with whites immersing themselves in the primitive virtues of a Native American or Latino Arcadia and finding spiritual enlightenment and release.

Assimilating its blacks, he charged, gave American society its last chance “to transfuse into itself a stream of people whose moral vision has been … preserved and sharpened by exclusion from [the] opportunities for self-betrayal and self-advancement” that capitalism had forced upon everyone else.30 To racial pessimists at the turn of the century, the presence of the Negro had threatened national degeneration through race suicide. To cultural pessimists in the sixties and seventies, his presence seemed the last hope for preventing national degeneration through capitalist civilization. In 1959, Norman Mailer penned a prophetic essay for Esquire magazine entitled “The White Negro.” It was a paean of praise to the Beat Generation and Greenwich Village hipsters, the precursors of what would later be termed, “the counterculture.” Mailer pronounced them rebels against civilization’s “Faustian urge to dominate nature.” They rebelled, he said, through the orgiastic release of their own vital natures by means of jazz, sex, drugs, and crime.


The Culture of Narcissism: American Life in an Age of Diminishing Expectations by Christopher Lasch

cuban missile crisis, delayed gratification, desegregation, feminist movement, full employment, George Santayana, impulse control, Induced demand, invisible hand, Kitchen Debate, Marshall McLuhan, mass immigration, means of production, Norman Mailer, road to serfdom, Scientific racism, Stewart Brand, technoutopianism, theory of mind, Thorstein Veblen, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban renewal, yellow journalism

Yet the increasing interpenetration of fiction journalism, and au- " , tobiography undeniably indicates that many writers find it more us. The emergence in the sixties of a new literary form, combining cultural criticism, political reportage, and reminiscence, represented an attempt to explore these issues-to illuminate the intersection of personal life and politics, history and private and more difficult to achieve the detachment indispensable to art , experience. Books like Norman Mailer s Armies of the Night, by ' . disposing of the convention of journalistic objectivity, often penetrated more deeply into events than accounts written by al legedly impartial observers. The fiction of the period, in which , keep the reader interested - the writer made no effort to conceal his presence or point of view, demonstrated how the act of writing could become a subject for fiction in its own right.

To the performing self, the only reality is the identity he can construct out of materials furnished by advertising and mass culture, themes of popular film and fiction, and fragments torn from a vast range of cultural traditions, all of them equally contemporaneous to the contemporary mind.* In order to polish and perfect the part he has devised for himself, the new Narcissus gazes at his own reflection, not so much in admiration as in unremitting search of flaws, signs of fatigue, decay. Life becomes a work of art while "the first art work in an artist, in Norman Mailer's pronouncement, "is the shaping of his own personality. The second of these principles has now been adopted not only by those who write "advertise" " " acter with well-structured conflicts centering around forbidden sex, authority, or dependence and independence within a family setting, we see characters filled with uncertainty about what is real. This uncertainty now invades every form of art and crystallizes in aij imagery of the absurd that reenters daily life and encourages a theatrical approach to existence, a kind of absurdist " theater of the self

., Slaughterhouse-Five (New York: Delacorte Press, 1969), , pp. 19-76; Marshall McLuhan, The Mechanical Bride (New York: Vanguard Press, 1951), p. 3; William Phillips and Philip Rahv "Some Aspects of Lit, " erary Criticism, Science and Society 1 (1937): 213; Litowitz and Newman Borderline Personality and the Theatre of the Absurd p. 275. Viking, 1976), especially p. 297, for Nixon's talk with Haldeman, 20 March " 1973. 82 , , , " , 91 new left street theater Sale, SDS (New York: Random House, 1973). , his own personality." The Presidential Papers (London: Andre Deutsch 1964), p. .. , 284. " 1 May 1967 ("guerrilla force"). On the rise and fall of SDS, see Kirkpatrick "the first art work . Norman Mailer Dotson Rader, "Princeton Weekend with the SDS," New Republic, 9 December 1967, pp. 15-16 ( blood"); Greg Calvert quoted in New York Times, 92 "the women in ads . Your Masterpiece-Yourself." Ewen, Captains cf Consciousness pp. 177, 179 0. . . , 262 : Notes Notes : 263 " 93 "Every painter . . . aware of them. 104 recent criticism of sports Harry Edwards The Sociology ofSport (Homewood III.: Dorsey Press 1973) and The Revolt of the Black Athlete (New York Free Press 1969); Dorcas Susan Butt Prychology ofSport (New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold 1976); Dave Meggyesy Out cf Their League (Berkeley: Ramparts Press 1970); Chip Oliver W ifor the Game (New York: Morrow 1971); Paul Hoch Rip Off the Edgar Wind, Art and Anarchy (New York: Knopf, 1963), p. 40. 93 , obliteration of the idea of deuil in modern art Richard Wollheim, "What Is Art?


pages: 409 words: 138,088

Moondust: In Search of the Men Who Fell to Earth by Andrew Smith

British Empire, Buckminster Fuller, Charles Lindbergh, cuban missile crisis, full employment, game design, Haight Ashbury, Jeff Bezos, low earth orbit, Mark Shuttleworth, Mars Rover, Marshall McLuhan, Mikhail Gorbachev, Naomi Klein, Norman Mailer, nuclear winter, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, pensions crisis, Ronald Reagan

“And even then, the prospect of one leg landing on a boulder or a slope seemed so very high.” He also admits that when he heard Aldrin tersely announcing the 1202 alarm during the Eagle’s final descent, his one and only thought was, “That’s it. They’re going to crash.” In fact, the more you talk to Reg Turnill, the more extraordinary the whole thing starts to seem. He remembers being detailed to show the interloping Norman Mailer around the launch site as the countdown for Apollo 11 proceeded (“You didn’t care much for him, did you, dear?” notes Reg’s wife, Maggie, as she sets a lunch of trout and new potatoes before us). He also describes 2001author Arthur C. Clarke stopping by his table as the rocket roared through the clouds to gasp that this was the first time he’d cried in twenty years and the first time he’d prayed in forty.

From what I’ve heard and read, trying to describe Armstrong is like driving through a night mist: there are outlines and hints of something solid behind it, but any light you throw at him comes straight back at you, until, in the end, you see just what you imagine you see: the reflected glare of your own expectations. And I wonder what I’ll see – if anything at all? The hard-bitten Reg Turnill saw something arrogant and “taciturn,” and when he’d finished showing Norman Mailer around the Cape, Mailer wrote a book called Of a Fire on the Moon in which he got no nearer to Armstrong than anyone else, but offered some interesting observations of his bearing at press conferences. As per the longings in his soul, the novelist saw something mystical. “He spoke in long pauses, he searched for words,” Mailer said. “When the words came out, their ordinary content made the wait seem excessive … as a speaker he was all but limp – still it did not leave him unremarkable.

Once past the security building off Saturn Lane, a maze of covered corridors is paced by people in jeans and casual shirts. How different it must have been in the days when Buzz Aldrin could speak of these same paths churning with “earnest young engineers, their holstered slide rules slapping against their belts.” Holstered slide rules! But that’s right, this was the new ocean then, the frontier. Quirkily, Norman Mailer found a connection between these people and the hippies when he visited here, because “both had no atmosphere surrounding them … their envelope was gone,” by which he meant that they’d lost their connection to the Earth, had become ethereal and sexless, but it doesn’t sound like that when flight director Gene Kranz talks about what they did. During a flight, he told me, the atmosphere in this place was “basically a controlled fury: these people know that in the next few seconds, they might have to be making a decision which is going to alter history.”


pages: 384 words: 112,971

What’s Your Type? by Merve Emre

Albert Einstein, anti-communist, card file, correlation does not imply causation, Frederick Winslow Taylor, God and Mammon, Golden Gate Park, hiring and firing, index card, Isaac Newton, job satisfaction, late capitalism, means of production, Menlo Park, mutually assured destruction, Norman Mailer, p-value, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Socratic dialogue, Stanford prison experiment, traveling salesman, upwardly mobile, uranium enrichment, women in the workforce

He was a man short of stature and slight of build, with thinning hair and horn-rimmed glasses; a man with a slightly puckered mouth and, as the staff would note in his case file, “a most thorough-going baby talk.” This man was Truman Capote, an EIFP, the staff would deduce. At thirty-three years old, he was already one of the most virtuosic writers in America—“the most perfect writer of my generation,” proclaimed Norman Mailer, another of Barron’s test subjects—and thus a perfect specimen for Barron’s study of creative types. Capote was also openly gay and famous for his soft falsetto voice, his large and busy hands. At first, many members of the staff were disturbed by what they referred to as his “peculiarities.” “The impression of both child and woman is so striking in his manner, that one senses in oneself and in his other listeners at first an embarrassed surprise, and then a protective feeling that urges one to seek quickly for the things one can respect behind this façade,” wrote John W.

He had struggled in the many ways a person could struggle, and these struggles had provided him with the raw material he needed to transform his private experiences into a luminous world of make-believe. “Relentless, restless, and flighty.” “Doubtful and distrustful of love.” “Actuated by a sense of destiny.” Barron’s conclusions about the creative type would echo through his assessments of Kenneth Burke, Kenneth Rexroth, Norman Mailer, and MacKinlay Kantor, sanctifying the idea of the male artist as a romantic, tortured, and fatalistic soul. The Carnegie Corporation was quick to point out that his study was plagued by problems of experimental design. The sample was too small. There existed no control group of “noncreative” writers against which to compare the creative writers’ assessments, a flaw Barron tried to correct by inviting advertising copywriters and staff writers for Reader’s Digest to 2240 for a weekend of assessments.

“The creative person”: Frank Barron, “Proposal for Research on the Creative Personality,” September 1954, Folder 18, Box 3, TRF. He—and Barron’s creative person: Ibid. “Better Testing”: “Better Testing Sought for Creative Students,” Long Beach Independent, November 24, 1961. “Can we teach”: Gardner, Self-Renewal, 192. He was a man short of stature: Capote, “Personal Interview.” At thirty-three years old: Norman Mailer, Advertisements for Myself (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992), 465. “Since the colors were basic”: “Mosaic Key,” January 24, 1958, IPAR. “One felt that this world of literati”: Capote, “Personal Interview.” The next day, all the writers: “Storytelling,” January 24, 1958, IPAR. Burke, diagnosed by his staff psychologist: Kenneth Burke, “Personal Interview,” January 24, 1958, IPAR.


pages: 282 words: 28,394

Learn Descriptive Cataloging Second North American Edition by Mary Mortimer

California gold rush, clean water, corporate governance, deskilling, illegal immigration, Norman Mailer

José María Escrivá de Balaguer (Escrivá de Balaguer is a Spanish compound surname); born 1902, died 1975 - Rule 22.5D1 e. Claudio Vita-Finzi - Rule 22.5C3 f. Josephine Blanche D’Alpuget, born 1944, never uses her first name - Rule 22.1A g. Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey, the Baron Hankey, 1877-1963 - Rule 22.6A h. Philip the Second the King of Spain, born 1527, died 1598 - Rule 22.16A i. Henry Handel Richardson (whose real name was Henrietta) - Rule 22.5C6 j. Carson McCullers, lived 1917 to 1967 k. Norman Mailer l. Tomie de Paola is an American writer of Italian descent 150 LEARN DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGING E XERCISE 12.2 Using an authority file, give the correct form of the following personal names. Indicate any references needed. a. Samuel Langhorne Clemens wrote under the pseudonym Mark Twain; he lived from 1835 to 1910 b. Pedro Henríquez Ureña, born 1884, died 1946 c. Marjorie Kinnan Baskin, 1896-1953, who became Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings and wrote all her work under this name d.

Scott (Francis Scott), 1896-1940 b. Leong, Ka Tai c. Brown, Samuel Raymond, 1918- d. Escrivá de Balaguer, José María, 1902-1975 e. Vita-Finzi, Claudio f. D’Alpuget, Blanche, 1944- g. Hankey, Maurice Pascal Alers Hankey, Baron, 1877-1963 h. Philip II, King of Spain, 1527-1598 i. Richardson, Henry Handel j. McCullers, Carson, 1917-1967 247 248 LEARN DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGING k. Mailer, Norman l. De Paola, Tomie E XERCISE 12.2 a. Twain, Mark, 1835-1910 Refer from: Clemens, Samuel Langhorne, 1835-1910 b. Henríquez Ureña, Pedro, 1884-1946 Refer from: Ureña, Pedro Henríquez, 1884-1946 c. Rawlings, Marjorie Kinnan, 1896-1953 Refer from: Baskin, Marjorie Kinnan, 1896-1953 d. John XXIII, Pope, 1881-1963 Refer from: Roncalli, Angelo Giuseppi, Cardinal, 1881-1963 e. Atwood, Margaret Eleanor, 1939Refer from: Atwood, Margaret, 1939- f.


pages: 223 words: 58,732

The Retreat of Western Liberalism by Edward Luce

"Robert Solow", 3D printing, affirmative action, Airbnb, basic income, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Boris Johnson, Branko Milanovic, Bretton Woods, business cycle, call centre, carried interest, centre right, Charles Lindbergh, cognitive dissonance, colonial exploitation, colonial rule, computer age, corporate raider, cuban missile crisis, currency manipulation / currency intervention, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Doha Development Round, Donald Trump, double entry bookkeeping, Erik Brynjolfsson, European colonialism, everywhere but in the productivity statistics, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, future of work, George Santayana, gig economy, Gini coefficient, global pandemic, global supply chain, illegal immigration, imperial preference, income inequality, informal economy, Internet of things, Jaron Lanier, knowledge economy, lateral thinking, liberal capitalism, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Martin Wolf, mass immigration, means of production, Monroe Doctrine, moral panic, more computing power than Apollo, mutually assured destruction, new economy, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, offshore financial centre, one-China policy, Peace of Westphalia, Peter Thiel, plutocrats, Plutocrats, precariat, purchasing power parity, reserve currency, reshoring, Richard Florida, Robert Gordon, Ronald Reagan, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, Snapchat, software is eating the world, South China Sea, Steve Jobs, superstar cities, telepresence, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, universal basic income, unpaid internship, Washington Consensus, We are the 99%, We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters, white flight, World Values Survey, Yogi Berra

Between the end of the “Chatterley” ban / And the Beatles’ first LP.’ Larkin’s style and imagery were flippant, but he called the decade. More seriously, many in France would date the switchover to the mass student protests that paralysed Paris in 1968. Though somewhat arbitrary, my preferred American moment was the battle between student anti-war protesters and the Chicago police at the 1968 Democratic Convention.2 In Miami and the Siege of Chicago, Norman Mailer described what happens when a party’s base severs from its leadership. Inside the besieged hall, party brokers fixed the nomination of Hubert Humphrey, the unpopular vice-president who backed the Vietnam War. Outside, mayor Richard Daley’s cops beat up the protesting hippies. ‘[The] Democratic Party had here broken in two before the eyes of a nation like Melville’s whale charging right out of the sea,’ wrote Mailer.

., 175 Khan, Sadiq, 49–50 Kissinger, Henry, 14, 162, 166 knowledge economy, 47, 61 Kreider, Tim, 111 Krugman, Paul, 162 Ku Klux Klan, 98, 111 labour markets: and digital revolution, 52–5, 56, 61–8; and disappearing growth, 37; driving jobs, 56–7, 63, 191; gig economy, 62–5; offshoring, 61–2; pressure to postpone retirement, 64; revolution in nature of work, 60–6, 191–3; security industry, 50; status of technical and service jobs, 197–8; and suburban crisis, 46; wage theft, 192; zero hours contracts, 191 Lanier, Jaron, 66, 67 Larkin, Philip, 188 Le Pen, Marine, 15, 102, 108–10 League of Nations, 155 Lee, Spike, 46 Lee Teng-hui, 158 left-wing politics: and automation, 67; decline in salience of class, 89–92, 107, 108–10; elite’s divorce from working classes, 87–8, 89–95, 99, 109, 110, 119; in France, 105–10; Hillaryland in USA, 87–8; and ‘identity liberalism’, 14, 96–8; McGovern–Fraser Commission (1972), 189; move to personal liberation (1960s), 188–9; populist right steals clothes of, 101–3; Third Way, 89–92; urban liberal elites, 47, 49–51, 71, 87–9, 91–5, 110, 204 Lehman Brothers, 30 Li, Eric, 86, 163–4 liberalism, Western: Chinese hostility to, 84–6, 159–60, 162; crisis as real and structural, 15–16; declining belief in ‘meritocracy’, 44–6; declining hegemony of, 14, 21–2, 26–8, 140–1, 200–1; elites as out of touch, 14, 68–71, 73, 87–8, 91–5, 110, 111, 119, 204; and ‘identity liberalism’, 14, 96–8; linear view of history, 10–11; Magna Carta as founding myth of, 9–10; majority-white backlash concept, 12, 14, 96, 102, 104; psychology of dashed expectations, 34–41; scepticism as basis of, 10; and Trump’s victory, 11–12, 28, 79, 81, 111; ‘wrong side of history’ language, 187–8, 190, 191–2; see also democracy, liberal Lilla, Mark, 96, 98 Lincoln, Abraham, 146 Lindbergh, Charles, 117 literacy, mass, 43, 59 Lloyd George, David, 42 Locke, John, 104 London, 46, 47, 48, 49–50, 140 Los Angeles, 50 Machiavelli, Niccolò, 133 Magna Carta, 9–10 Mahbubani, Kishore, 162 Mailer, Norman, Miami and the Siege of Chicago, 189 Mair, Peter, 88, 89, 118 Mann, Thomas, 203 Mao Zedong, 163, 165 Marconi, Guglielmo, 128 Marcos, Ferdinand, 136 Marshall, John, 134 Marshall Plan, 29 Marxism, 10, 11, 51, 68, 106, 110, 162 Mattis, Jim, 150–1 May, Theresa, 100, 152, 153 McAfee, Andrew, 60 McCain, John, 134 McMahon, Vince and Linda, 124, 125 McMaster, H.


pages: 351 words: 100,791

The World Beyond Your Head: On Becoming an Individual in an Age of Distraction by Matthew B. Crawford

airport security, Cass Sunstein, choice architecture, collateralized debt obligation, creative destruction, David Brooks, delayed gratification, dematerialisation, deskilling, digital Maoism, Google Glasses, hive mind, index card, informal economy, Jaron Lanier, large denomination, new economy, new new economy, Norman Mailer, online collectivism, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Richard Thaler, Rodney Brooks, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Stanford marshmallow experiment, the built environment, the scientific method, The Wisdom of Crowds, theory of mind, Walter Mischel, winner-take-all economy

“Society everywhere is in conspiracy against the manhood of every one of its members,” Emerson wrote in his essay “Self-Reliance.”4 Walt Whitman’s democratic hero “walks at his ease through and out of that custom or precedent or authority that suits him not.” Whitman goes on: “You shall no longer take things at second or third hand, nor look through the eyes of the dead … nor feed on the specters in books.” To live authentically, Norman Mailer would write a century later, one has to “divorce oneself from society, to exist without roots, to set out on that uncharted journey into the rebellious imperatives of the self.”5 In his masterful book The Masterless, Wilfred McClay writes that after the experience of totalitarianism (largely as conveyed by émigré scholars), American intellectuals in the 1950s were alert to any threat against the individual, and found plenty such at home.

The new race is stiff, heady and rebellious; they are fanatics in freedom; they hate tolls, taxes, turnpikes, banks, hierarchies, governors, yea, almost laws.” The last bit of this sketch sounds like today’s Tea Party. Emerson as quoted by Wilfred M. McClay, The Masterless: Self and Society in Modern America (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994), 55. 5. The quotes from Walt Whitman are from Leaves of Grass as quoted by McClay, The Masterless, 61. The quote from Norman Mailer is from “The White Negro,” as quoted by McClay, 271. 6. McClay, The Masterless, 271–72. 7. Michael Polanyi, Personal Knowledge: Towards a Post-Critical Philosophy (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974), 53. 8. Michael Polanyi, The Tacit Dimension (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1966), 20. 9. Polanyi, Personal Knowledge, 53. 10. Habit plays an important role. William James wrote, “As we become permanent drunkards by so many separate drinks, so we become … authorities and experts in the practical and scientific spheres, by so many acts and hours of work.”

Lawson, Robbie Leap Frog Learning Table learning by infants by robots see also education Lears, Jackson Leary, Timothy leather, in organ making left wing, dismantling of cultural jigs by liberal arts liberal education liberalism, origins of liberal tradition liberation in 1960s libertarianism Lincoln Financial Group Listening to Prozac (Kramer) local ecology Locke, John epistemology of on freedom on primary vs. secondary qualities rationality formula of locomotion L’Oréal love Luckmann, Thomas machine gambling apparent odds in business model of children’s games vs. death instinct in design intention in duration of Leap Frog Learning Table and libertarians and loyalty clubs for motorcycling compared with pathological in Pennsylvania productivity of regulation of renamed “gaming” speed of as tax on low-income people magic Mailer, Norman Manhattan Project manufactured certainties manufacturing Maoism Maria (gambler) marketplace Márquez, Marc marriage marshmallow test martial arts massification Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) Masterless, The (McClay) McClay, Wilfred McCulloch, Warren McDonald’s McDowell, John mechanization, of instruction Mediated (de Zengotita) Meditations on First Philosophy (Descartes) memory attention vs.


pages: 376 words: 110,796

Realizing Tomorrow: The Path to Private Spaceflight by Chris Dubbs, Emeline Paat-dahlstrom, Charles D. Walker

Berlin Wall, call centre, Charles Lindbergh, desegregation, Donald Trump, Doomsday Book, Elon Musk, high net worth, Iridium satellite, iterative process, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, low earth orbit, Mark Shuttleworth, Mikhail Gorbachev, multiplanetary species, Nelson Mandela, Norman Mailer, private space industry, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, Silicon Valley, Skype, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, technoutopianism, X Prize, young professional

Asimov got things rolling with a lecture about colonizing space by building cities inside hollowed-out asteroids. Asimov had written about an asteroid belt inhabited by pirates in his 1953 juvenile novel, Lucky Starr and the Pirates oftheAsteroids. But now he spoke about mining and colonizing asteroids as though this possibility waited just over the horizon. This was the sort of grand idea that the audience wanted to hear, the sort of bold project that could top a moon landing. Next came Norman Mailer, who had a literary connection to the Apollo program. Life magazine had sent him to chronicle the history-making Apollo zz launch, which resulted in the book Of a Fire on the Moon. He had been impressed by the buttoned-down, corporate efficiency of NASA, but troubled by it as well. He had come to that project looking for romantics and bold adventurers, pioneering the new frontier of space. He found instead immensely competent technicians and self-effacing astronaut heroes; "robots and saints, adventurers and cogs in the wheel" was how he put it in the book.

For space artist Rick Sternbach, the launch was all about visual images and color, "the repeating shockwaves off rocket, the blowtorch yelloworange glow around the vehicle, the smoke and steam streaming away in every direction." He had witnessed the daytime launches of Apollo -Ti and Apollo z3, but this was an altogether different experience. After the launch, the ship's many bars filled with celebration and discussion. Ehricke estimated to a gathered crowd that the brightness of the night launch was about that of five hundred full moons. "Incomparably beautiful," Robert Heinlein termed it. For Norman Mailer, "It was the one time when I wanted instant replay." Eighty-two-year-old novelist Katherine Anne Porter, on assignment to cover the launch for Playboy magazine, never expected to witness anything like it in her life. "I came out of a world so primitive you can scarcely imagine it," she said. "We barely had gaslight in New Orleans when I was a girl. When I saw them take off, I wanted with all my soul to be going with them."

Lost in Space: The Fall of NASA and the Dream of a New Space Age. New York: Pantheon Books, 2004. Lascarides, Effie. Apollo's Legacy: The Hellenic Torch in America at the Dawn of the New Millennium. Brookline NY: Hellenic College Press, 2000. Lindbergh, Charles A. The Spirit ofSt. Louis. New York: Scribner, 1953. Linehan, Dan. SpaceShipOne: An Illustrated History. Minneapolis: Zenith Press, 2008. Mailer, Norman. Ofa Fire on the Moon. Boston: Little, Brown, 1970. Maryniak, Gregg. "When Will We See a Golden Age of Space Flight?" In Space: The Free Market Frontier, ed. Edward Hudgins. Washington DC: Cato Institute, 2002. Matson, Wayne R., ed. Cosmonautics: A Colorful History. Washington Dc: Cosmos Books, 1994. Michaud, Michael A. G. Reaching for the High Frontier. New York: Praeger, 1986. Mullane, Mike.


pages: 501 words: 145,943

If Mayors Ruled the World: Dysfunctional Nations, Rising Cities by Benjamin R. Barber

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, American Legislative Exchange Council, Berlin Wall, bike sharing scheme, borderless world, Boris Johnson, Bretton Woods, British Empire, car-free, carbon footprint, Cass Sunstein, Celebration, Florida, clean water, corporate governance, crowdsourcing, David Brooks, desegregation, Detroit bankruptcy, digital Maoism, disintermediation, edge city, Edward Glaeser, Edward Snowden, Etonian, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, feminist movement, Filter Bubble, George Gilder, ghettoisation, global pandemic, global village, Hernando de Soto, Howard Zinn, illegal immigration, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, income inequality, informal economy, information retrieval, Jane Jacobs, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, London Interbank Offered Rate, Mark Zuckerberg, market fundamentalism, Marshall McLuhan, Masdar, megacity, microcredit, Mikhail Gorbachev, mortgage debt, mutually assured destruction, new economy, New Urbanism, Nicholas Carr, Norman Mailer, nuclear winter, obamacare, Occupy movement, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Peace of Westphalia, Pearl River Delta, peer-to-peer, planetary scale, plutocrats, Plutocrats, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RFID, Richard Florida, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, smart meter, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, Telecommunications Act of 1996, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Tobin tax, Tony Hsieh, trade route, UNCLOS, UNCLOS, unpaid internship, urban sprawl, War on Poverty, zero-sum game

If, as Saskia Sassen has suggested, “what contributes to growth in the network of global cities may well not contribute to growth in nations,”12 and if the growth of global cities is correlated with deficits for national governments, governments are unlikely to sit back and do nothing while their suzerainty is eroded. In the 1970s, in a funny and futile campaign to become mayor of New York, the author Norman Mailer floated the nutty idea of detaching the city from New York State and perhaps the United States of America, endowing it with independence.13 Some will see the notion of cities becoming sufficiently independent from states to rule the world as equally nutty. Surely states will fight to regain control of globalizing cities that contemplate cross-border actions, demonstrating forcefully that however collaborative and trans-territorial cities may regard themselves, they remain creatures of state power and subsidiaries of national sovereignty.

Instead, as an independent global mayor, he has become a leading advocate of best practices among cities, using his foundation to catalyze urban innovation and reform both in New York and throughout the United States. He has handed out awards to four hundred American cities and has enticed his City Council into legislating climate change initiatives that are likely to survive his departure from office. Back in the 1970s, in a nutty campaign for New York mayor he never stood a chance of winning, novelist Norman Mailer floated the idea of severing the Big Apple from the state and maybe the country too, letting it float off like a rogue iceberg, glistening with an alluring autonomy as a world metropolis just offshore from the powerful but parochial nation that did not understand it. Today, under the guidance of mayors like Ed Koch and Michael Bloomberg (who got a dispensation to allow Koch to be the last man buried in Manhattan), and with some help from the likes of Mayors John Lindsay, David Dinkins, and Rudy Giuliani, without becoming an iceberg at sea, the city has truly become a free-floating world metropolis with global influence.

The urban cynic reads into Broadway musicals singing the romance of small towns in Iowa (The Music Man) or rural life in the Great Plains (Oklahoma!) little more than a cover-up for the stark police-blotter truths of Wisconsin Death Trip, Michael Lesy’s lurid evocation of small-town crime in rural America a hundred years ago.23 At sunrise, Oklahomans may croon “Oh, what a beautiful morning!” but by nightfall they face darker thoughts of the kind Norman Mailer explored in his Executioner’s Song. The Kansas imagined by such cynics is not the dreamy Oz of Dorothy’s Over the Rainbow, but the hardscrabble land of Truman Capote’s In Cold Blood and its dead-souled killers, or nowadays perhaps the wrecked towns strewn along Oklahoma’s real life tornado alley, where funnel clouds produce only wastelands, not emerald cities. Even celebrants of country culture such as the English poet George Crabbe understood that the rural village was not unblemished: in this classic 1783 work, The Village, we find this couplet: “No longer truth, though shown in verse, disdain / But own the Village Life a life of pain.”24 Carlo Levi brings more balance to country life than Mailer or Capote or Lesy, but his portrait of a forgotten rural village in the south of Italy in his Christ Stopped at Eboli is almost more devastating, perhaps because it is unexpectedly sympathetic.


Active Measures by Thomas Rid

1960s counterculture, 4chan, active measures, anti-communist, back-to-the-land, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, call centre, Chelsea Manning, continuation of politics by other means, cryptocurrency, cuban missile crisis, Donald Trump, East Village, Edward Snowden, en.wikipedia.org, facts on the ground, Fall of the Berlin Wall, guest worker program, Internet Archive, Jacob Appelbaum, John Markoff, Julian Assange, kremlinology, Mikhail Gorbachev, Norman Mailer, nuclear winter, peer-to-peer, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Stewart Brand, technoutopianism, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks, zero day

The three former intelligence officers vehemently opposed the Five Eyes, which they saw as a “white-Anglo-Saxon-protestant nation communications intelligence dictatorship.”16 The three activists formed the Committee for Action/Research on the Intelligence Community. Fellwock announced CARIC for the first time over Thanksgiving 1972 in Chicago, on a flyer that he distributed at a conference of the People’s Coalition for Peace and Justice, an outfit with links to the Communist Party. Four months later, in March 1973, CARIC published its first—soon to be notorious—bulletin, Counterspy. Around the same time, the novelist Norman Mailer had also founded a New York–based organization to investigate American intelligence agencies, and his had a better name: the Fifth Estate. In January 1974, CARIC and the Fifth Estate joined forces and formed the Organizing Committee for a Fifth Estate. The Fifth Estate was a volunteer organization, with new headquarters established at 2000 P Street NW, just off Dupont Circle in Washington, D.C.

Computers, in early 1975, were large and prohibitively expensive machines that served powerful corporate, military, and intelligence interests—yet the beginnings of the age of personal computing were already anticipated by the counterculture avant-garde. “Technology,” the Fifth Estate activists wrote, must not be used “to fill dossiers on our friends, families, and neighbors. As long as advanced technology is controlled by an elite few, technofascism is being advanced and promoted.”20 The activists, with Norman Mailer’s support, decided to take some of the tools they acquired working for intelligence agencies and turn them against those very intelligence agencies. As they explained to their readers, “Information gathered by the Fifth Estate goes through a traditional intelligence cycle consisting of: collection, production, analysis, dissemination, and operations.”21 America’s alternative intelligence community had thus openly announced that it was planning to run operations against the CIA.

“Subversion of Law Enforcement Intelligence Gathering Operations,” Hearings, Part 1: Organizing Committee for a Fifth Estate, Committee on the Judiciary (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, March 26, 1976), p. 14. 32.  Agee, quoted ibid. 33.  Andrew and Mitrokhin, The Sword and Shield, p. 617. 34.  CIA, “Request by Senator Lloyd Bentsen (D., Texas) for Unclassified Information on Philip Agee,” Memorandum, OCL 78-2991/2, September 7, 1978, pp. 3–4. 35.  Ibid. 36.  Philip Agee, Norman Mailer, and Victor Marchetti, “Fifth Estate,” undated, “Subversion of Law Enforcement Intelligence Gathering Operations,” Hearings, Part 1: Organizing Committee for a Fifth Estate, Committee on the Judiciary, Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, March 26, 1976, pp. 43–44. 37.  Counterspy 2, no. 2, p. 20. 38.  Steven Roberts, “CIA Station Chief Slain Near Athens by Gunmen,” The New York Times, December 24, 1975, p. 1. 39.  


pages: 354 words: 118,970

Transaction Man: The Rise of the Deal and the Decline of the American Dream by Nicholas Lemann

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, airline deregulation, Albert Einstein, augmented reality, basic income, Bernie Sanders, Black-Scholes formula, buy and hold, capital controls, computerized trading, corporate governance, cryptocurrency, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, dematerialisation, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, financial deregulation, financial innovation, fixed income, future of work, George Akerlof, gig economy, Henry Ford's grandson gave labor union leader Walter Reuther a tour of the company’s new, automated factory…, index fund, information asymmetry, invisible hand, Irwin Jacobs, Joi Ito, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Arrow, Kickstarter, life extension, Long Term Capital Management, Mark Zuckerberg, mass immigration, means of production, Metcalfe’s law, money market fund, Mont Pelerin Society, moral hazard, Myron Scholes, new economy, Norman Mailer, obamacare, Paul Samuelson, Peter Thiel, price mechanism, principal–agent problem, profit maximization, quantitative trading / quantitative finance, Ralph Nader, Richard Thaler, road to serfdom, Robert Bork, Robert Metcalfe, rolodex, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, Sand Hill Road, shareholder value, short selling, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Silicon Valley startup, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, Steve Jobs, TaskRabbit, The Nature of the Firm, the payments system, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Thorstein Veblen, too big to fail, transaction costs, universal basic income, War on Poverty, white flight, working poor

Psychologists conducted ominous experiments that showed the danger of conformity. The Port Huron Statement (1962), the founding document of the student radical movement of the 1960s, reads as a kind of thirty-years-later sequel to The Modern Corporation and Private Property, sounding again and again the alarm about the dominance a few dozen corporations had established over American society. Norman Mailer, in his 1965 novel An American Dream, had his hero, Stephen Rojack, interrupt a lovemaking session to pluck out and fling away his partner’s diaphragm because it was a “corporate rubbery obstruction.” By 1970 Charles Reich, a Yale law professor who was another popular social critic of the day, took the argument to its logical conclusion by declaring, in The Greening of America, that by now the United States “can be thought of as a single vast corporation, with every person as an involuntary member and employee.”

“the provision of state assistance”: Galbraith, American Capitalism, 128. “I find it very difficult”: Adolf Berle, Lecture in the Graduate School of Journalism, November 4, 1960, Oral History Research Office, Columbia University, 27. “You are the cog and the beltline”: C. Wright Mills, White Collar: The American Middle Classes, Oxford University Press, 2002, 80. “corporate rubbery obstruction”: Norman Mailer, An American Dream, Dial Press, 1965, 127. “can be thought of as a single vast”: Charles Reich, The Greening of America, Random House, 1970, 79. Probably the most important economics publication: Arrow-Debreu paper: Kenneth J. Arrow and Gerard Debreu, “Existence of an Equilibrium for a Competitive Economy,” Econometrica, Volume 22, Number 3 (July 1954), 265–90. “Adolf and I sat down together”: Beatrice Berle, Life in Two Worlds, 237.

leveraged buyouts; see also mergers and acquisitions; private equity Levin, Carl Levitt, Arthur Lewis, Michael Liang Qichao liberalism: differing economic visions within; markets embraced by; pluralism critiqued by; shifting focus of Liberal Party of New York City Lilienthal, David Ling-Temco-Vought Linguistic Analysis of Mathematics (Bentley) LinkedIn; Economic Graph of; Facebook vs.; IPO of Lippmann, Walter Lithuanian Americans Lloyd, Henry Demarest London Lonely Crowd, The (Riesman) Long-Term Capital Management Lost City, The (Ehrenhalt) Luce, Henry Lugar, Richard Macalester College Mack, John macroeconomics; see also free-market purism Madigan, Lisa Madigan, Michael Madison, James Mailer, Norman Main Street and Wall Street (Ripley) Makers Users and Masters (Bentley) management, see bureaucrats; executives Managerial Revolution, The (Burnham) Mann, Thomas Manne, Henry Manyika, James Maples, Mike, Jr. Maria High School markets, see free-market purism; investment banking; specific financial instruments Markowitz, Harry Marx, Karl Marzullo, Vito Maslow, Abraham Mason, Edward McCain, John McDonald, Colleen McDonald, Laquan McKinsey & Company Means, Gardiner Meckling, William Medina, Harold Meeker, Mary Mellon Bank mergers and acquisitions; by banks; in Chicago Lawn; globalization of; at Morgan Stanley Merrill Lynch Merton, Robert C.


On the Road: Adventures From Nixon to Trump by James Naughtie

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Alistair Cooke, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, centre right, collapse of Lehman Brothers, Donald Trump, Ferguson, Missouri, Haight Ashbury, illegal immigration, immigration reform, Julian Assange, Mikhail Gorbachev, Norman Mailer, obamacare, plutocrats, Plutocrats, post-work, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, South China Sea, trickle-down economics, white flight, WikiLeaks, Yom Kippur War, young professional, zero-sum game

Whether at sea on the Pequod with Ishmael and Captain Ahab, following the historian James McPherson on the Civil War trail all the way from Fort Sumter to Appomattox, letting James Lee Burke open up the underworld of New Orleans, walking with Ed McBain through the 87th precinct of New York, or with Robert Frost and Robert Lowell in the poetry that captures the New England spirit at its best, at a political convention with Norman Mailer or following LBJ from Texas with Robert A. Caro as biographer, all of it is part of the same kaleidoscope, ever changing and never losing its sparkle. Of course, there is among the jumble of books on those shelves one called On the Road. But it is important to say that Jack Kerouac’s hedonistic insights from the 1950s, which, obviously, I could never match for their originality, were not the inspiration for this book.

Since I knew that I had a newspaper job to return to, I took most of my courses at the Newhouse School of Communications, despite a healthy scepticism about the likely usefulness of some of them. In some cases, I was wholly wrong in my doubts. For example, a class run by the veteran magazine journalist Leonard Robinson – who’d worked on the New Yorker with a galère of its finest writers – was an exploration into some of the best writing in America, much of which I still had to discover. Norman Mailer I’d been gobbling up for years, but Gay Talese and Tom Wolfe now became constant companions, one of their battered volumes always in my bag, and I discovered Gore Vidal properly for the first time. However, a bunch of us was also anxious to get to Washington, so we hatched our research project and began to phone journalists who were deep in Watergate. In a number of expeditions over many months, we drank deep at the well, and managed to get time with some extraordinary and generous characters, like David Broder of the Washington Post, who years later became a friend and mentor, and it raised our spirits, which were often tested in the dark cold of a Syracuse winter, with pitiless winds blowing from Canada across Lake Erie, only about 40 miles to the north.

., 172, 216 Lenin, Vladimir, 279 Leubsdorf, Carl, 34–6, 51 Levinson, Sanford, 283–4 Lewinsky, Monica, 119, 120, 121, 123, 261 Lewis, Jerry, 12, 15 Lieberman, Joe, 170 Life, 73 Lincoln, Abraham, 2–3, 41, 66, 120, 134, 194, 256, 260 Lincoln Memorial, 78, 169 Loeb, William, 180 Los Angeles Times, 55, 76 Louisiana Purchase, 240 Lowell, Robert, 6 McBain, Ed, 6 McCain, John, 167, 169–74, 181, 200–1 McCarthy, Eugene, 259 McCarthy, Joe, 38 McGovern, George, 54, 64, 180, 212 McHutchon, Graham, 116–17 Macintyre, Ben, 93 McPherson, James, 6 McQuaid, Joe, 180–1 Mailer, Norman, 6, 42, 293 Major, John, 117, 121 Making of the President (White), 74 Manafort, Paul, 183 Manchester Union-Leader, 180, 195 Marcia (cousin), 46–7 M*A*S*H, 45 Mason, Jackie, 15 Meadows, Chris, 209 Medina Ridge, Battle of, 111 Meese, Ed, 83 Melville, Herman, 297 mental health, 124, 269 Meyer, Christopher, 132 Milosevic, Slobodan, 130, 203–4 Miranda, Lin-Manuel, 293 MI6, 93 Mitchell, John, 52 Mitchell, Joseph, 29–31 Mondale, Walter, 67, 68, 88–9, 90–1 Mosey, Roger, 109 Mudd, Roger, 72, 73 Mueller, Robert, 184, 188, 195, 205, 221, 284, 289–90 Murdoch, Rupert, 100 Muskie, Ed, 180 Muti, Riccardo, 251 Nagin, Ray, 236 National Enquirer, 179, 198 National Governors Association, 87 National Press Building, 55 National Review, 98, 150 Naughtie, Andrew (son), 251, 300 Naughtie, Ellie (wife), 110–11, 300 Naughtie, Flora (daughter), 111 Naughtie, James: in Chicago, 80, 155, 158, 220, 221–52, 222 education of, 36–8 first arrives in US, 7, 9–33 first Thanksgiving of, 47 Greyhound travel of, 6–7, 11, 23, 34, 50 indentures of, 63 Leadership series of, see America’s Crisis of Leadership literary nature of, 6, 37, 52 in New Orleans, 23, 25, 222, 222–42 as Stern Fellow, 78–80 taco incident involving, 68–9 NBC, 74, 177 Negroponte, John, 151 neoconservatism, 129–31, 144, 149, 182 New York Post, 32 New York Times (NYT), 38, 54, 55, 76, 94, 104, 107, 176, 211 New Yorker, 29, 42, 120 Newhouse School of Communications, 42, 45 Newsday, 55 Newsome, Hawk, 216, 217 Newsweek, 162 Nichopoulos, George (‘Dr Nick’), 244, 245 Nightline, 102 Nixon, Richard, 5, 34, 35, 38–41, 43–4, 49–58, 65, 69, 79, 103, 124–5, 164, 183, 200, 294, 295 Ford pardons, 61 impeachment trial of, 265–6 resigns as US president, 59, 218 Watergate scandal, see main entry Norquist, Grover, 145–6 Novak, Phil, 45 Nunes, Devin, 291 Obama, Barack, 154–6, 160, 162–76, 183, 190–1, 193, 196, 199, 217, 231, 255, 287 becomes POTUS, 157–8, 168, 256–8 Obama, Michelle, 166, 193 Obamacare, 175, 178, 201, 205, 241 Observer, The, 76 ‘October Surprise’, 86 oil crises, 50, 69–70 Oklahoma bombing, 185 O’Neill, Terry, 183, 184 O’Neill, Tip, 94 optimism, 3, 4, 33, 60–1, 67, 154, 159, 168, 172, 251, 293 O’Rourke, Beto, 267–70, 272, 274 Oslo Accords, 114–15 Osnos, Peter, 82 Oswald, Lee Harvey, 179, 219 Palestine, 80, 114–15, 146 Palin, Sarah, 170–1, 175 Parker, Dorothy, 29 Parnas, Lev, 291 PBS, 38 Peel, John, 155 Perle, Richard, 144–5 Perot, Ross, 114 Pew Research Center, 237 philanthropy, 36, 183, 194, 236, 238, 259 Pick, Hella, 57 Pilgrim Fathers, 27, 133–4, 280 Plain Dealer, 55 Poirier, Dan, 135, 136 populism, 4, 118, 119, 152, 175, 180, 185, 193, 211–12, 260, 263, 266, 283, 296 Posner, Richard, 135 Powell, Gen.


pages: 322 words: 77,341

I.O.U.: Why Everyone Owes Everyone and No One Can Pay by John Lanchester

asset-backed security, bank run, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Black-Scholes formula, Blythe Masters, Celtic Tiger, collateralized debt obligation, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, diversified portfolio, double entry bookkeeping, Exxon Valdez, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial deregulation, financial innovation, fixed income, George Akerlof, greed is good, hedonic treadmill, hindsight bias, housing crisis, Hyman Minsky, intangible asset, interest rate swap, invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, John Meriwether, Kickstarter, laissez-faire capitalism, light touch regulation, liquidity trap, Long Term Capital Management, loss aversion, Martin Wolf, money market fund, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, mutually assured destruction, Myron Scholes, negative equity, new economy, Nick Leeson, Norman Mailer, Northern Rock, Own Your Own Home, Ponzi scheme, quantitative easing, reserve currency, Right to Buy, risk-adjusted returns, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, South Sea Bubble, statistical model, The Great Moderation, the payments system, too big to fail, tulip mania, value at risk

It is a category of funny smell which involves an element of the willful, or of wishful thinking; or perhaps just of ignoring what’s in front of your nose. To adopt a metaphor I heard used by the chancellor of the Exchequer, Alistair Darling, it’s a bit like putting flowers in the hallway as a solution to the problem of dry rot. There are people whose job it is to sniff out funny smells, to think about them and what they mean, and to make plans about them on our behalf. They are the central bankers. There is a passage in Norman Mailer’s novel Harlot’s Ghost in which the narrator rhapsodizes about the CIA being “the mind of America.” Central bankers are a little like that. Their job is to notice everything and think about everything—everything economic—and then to act on it via one tool and one tool only: the interest rate.* This determines, or anyway influences, the level of borrowing, the level of credit, the level of economic activity, the level of inflation, the level of unemployment, the speed of growth, the exchange rate, the whole kaboodle, but it is also a fairly crude tool: it’s as if the central banker were sitting at a desk console with thousands of flashing lights and digital readouts and heads-up visual displays, all pouring in overwhelming quantities of data, and in response to it the banker can move only one lever, in a straight line backward or forward, and preferably only a very little at a time.

., 115–17, 157–58 liabilities, 31–35 in balance sheets, 25–28, 31–34, 37 of banks, 25, 32–35, 37, 41, 204 of individuals, 27–28, 35 leverage and, 35, 41, 60 libel law, 93 life expectancies, 17, 213 liquidity, 212 housing and, 28–29, 90, 96–97 investments and, 60–61 Lloyds TSB, 36, 38–40 loans, lending, 74–76, 108–9 in balance sheets, 27, 30, 34 of banks, 22, 24, 27, 33–36, 41–42, 58–60, 67, 69–70, 74, 83–84, 91–94, 102, 117, 127, 129–30, 143, 146, 165, 187, 216–17, 229 credit and, 209, 216–17 derivatives and, 50–51, 55, 66–75, 80, 121–22 Exxon deal and, 67–68 interest rates and, 59–60, 66, 74, 102, 108, 145, 172–73 paying the bill and, 220–21 predatory, 122, 127–32 risk and, 66–67, 69–72, 74–75, 80, 95, 117, 145, 174 securitization in, 69, 74 see also mortgages London, 53, 84 housing in, 88–90 see also City of London Long-Term Capital Management (LTCM): collapse of, 142, 162, 164–65, 230–31 derivatives and, 54–56, 80 loss aversion, 137 Lovelock, James, 231 Lowenstein, Roger, 161 Macmillan, Harold, 216 Madoff, Bernard, 105, 171, 191–92, 195 Mailer, Norman, 172 Manias, Panics, and Crashes (Kindleberger), 104 manufacturing, 4, 13, 58, 109, 229 and financial vs. industrial interests, 197, 199 Marxist analysis of, 15–16 stocks and, 148–49 market discipline, 183–84 Markopolos, Harry, 192 Markowitz, Harry, 147–49, 158 mark to market, 42, 105–6 Marx, Karl, 15–16 Maryland, housing in, 125–31 Masters, Blythe, 68, 121 mathematics, 5, 231 derivatives and, 47–48, 52–54, 115–17, 166 risk and, 46, 55–56, 74, 133, 136, 146–50, 154, 158, 160–67, 202 of share pricing, 147–48 Meriwether, John, 54 Merrill Lynch, 39, 77, 120, 190, 227 Merton, Robert, 54–55 microeconomics, 137 Minsky, Hyman, 104 Monetary Policy Committee, 178–79 money: assumptions based on primacy of, 202–4 cost of, 102–3 flows of, 7–9, 26 inconceivable amounts of, 8 Money Machine, The (Coggan), 25 Moody’s Investors Service, 62, 70, 114, 119, 208, 210 Morgan, John Pierpont, 20, 64 Morgan Stanley, 40, 64, 227 Morris, Charles, 42 mortgages, 38–40, 83–87, 89–95, 97–102, 110–32 in balance sheets, 27–28 balloon payments on, 100 and buy-to-let properties, 177 conforming, 112, 124 credit ratings and, 123–24, 126 of Cutter family, 126–27 defaults on, 159–60, 163, 165, 229 derivatives and, 38, 57–58, 75–76, 112–22, 132, 157–60, 172, 210–12 discriminatory practices and, 99–101, 127 durations of, 95 endowment, 86–87, 89–90, 146 Iceland’s economic crisis and, 10–11 interest and, 8, 58, 86, 89, 91–92, 95, 100, 102, 108, 110, 112–14, 122, 128, 145–46, 174, 176, 212 “liar,” 126, 132 “no doc,” 132 No Income, No Job or Assets (NINJA), 126 piggyback, 132 predatory lending and, 122, 127–32 regulation and, 99–100, 185 risk and, 145, 158–60, 163–65 sizes of, 92–94 subprime, 38, 75, 83, 100, 113–19, 122–25, 127, 132, 157–59, 165, 202, 210 see also houses, housing, home ownership Nasdaq, 104 nationalization, 24, 39–40, 228–30 New York Times, The, 77, 98, 208 “Night in Tunisia, A,” 45 Nikkei 225, 51–52, 54 9/11 terrorist attacks, 2, 107 Northern Rock, 5, 39, 94, 194, 206 Obama, Barack, 77, 205 regulation and, 188, 190, 223–24 Objectivism, 142–43, 173 oil, 3–4, 107–8, 148–49 “On Default Correlation” (Li), 116 options, 50–52, 151, 174, 184 how they work, 46–47, 50–51 Osaka exchange, 54 Pacioli, Luca, 26 panic of 1893, 64 panic of 1907, 20, 64 Parker, Charlie, 45 Paulos, John Allen, 8 pensions, 76–77, 165, 204 in balance sheets, 27–28, 31 Phillips, Julia, 199 politics, politicians, 5–6, 19–21, 23–25, 81, 118–19, 169–70, 176–78, 217–26, 228–32 AIG bailout and, 76–78 banks and, 25, 33, 43, 182, 186, 195, 202, 207, 211, 217, 228–31 bonds and, 29–30, 61–62, 103, 109, 118, 144, 176–77, 208–9 derivatives and, 57, 183–86 financial industry’s ascent and, 19–20 free-market capitalism and, 14–15, 19, 21, 23–24 housing and, 87–89, 91, 96–101, 177–78 Iceland’s economic crisis and, 9–10, 12, 24, 223 interest rates and, 102–3, 107–8, 172–80, 221 paying the bill and, 219–23 regulation and, 15, 19–21, 24, 169, 180–92, 195, 199, 201, 223–26 risk and, 142–43, 164–66, 174, 184 Ponzi, Charles, 105 Ponzi schemes, 191–92 poor, poverty, 3–4, 13, 21, 82, 179, 196 housing and, 100, 113, 118, 121–23, 126–27, 130–31, 163 pork bellies, 48–49 portfolio insurance, 151–52, 162 “Portfolio Selection” (Markowitz), 147 Posner, Richard A., 120, 174, 182, 193 Powell, Anthony, 62 price, prices, 105–11, 203 and banking-and-credit crisis, 216–18, 220 bonds and, 61, 63, 102–3, 108–10, 144 derivatives and, 38, 46–52, 54, 56, 75, 158–59, 166 of houses, 5, 28–29, 37–38, 61, 71, 86–91, 101, 109–11, 113, 115, 125, 157, 160, 164–66, 173–76, 194, 208 of oil, 3–4, 107–8, 148–49 risk and, 145–50, 158–59, 164–66 of stocks, 102, 105–6, 109–10, 147–51, 158, 174 of toxic assets, 37–38, 42 volatility of, 47–48, 148–50 “Pricing of Options and Corporate Liabilities, The” (Black and Scholes), 45, 47–48, 147 probabilities, 46, 55, 74, 115, 141, 145, 153–55, 160–63 profits, 20, 28, 104–6, 110, 192, 226–28, 230 banks and, 33, 35, 67, 78, 227–28 and benefits of debt, 59–60 derivatives and, 50, 54, 57, 63, 65, 106, 114, 121–22 Enron and, 105–6 regulation and, 204, 226 risk and, 150, 226 Protection of Homeowners in Foreclosure Act, 131 “Quiet Coup, The” (Johnson), 19–20, 185–86 Ragtime (Doctorow), 64 Rand, Ayn, 142–43, 173 Reagan, Ronald, 14, 19–20, 24, 142, 185 recessions, 42, 89, 94, 142, 171, 175, 219 regulation, deregulation, 15, 19–22, 24, 169, 180–202 banking and, 21, 33, 180–91, 194–96, 199–200, 202, 204–5, 208, 211, 223–27 bond ratings and, 208–9 derivatives and, 68, 70, 73, 153, 183–86, 200–201 framework and regime of, 189–92 market discipline and, 183–84 mortgages and, 99–100, 185 proposals for, 223–26 risk and, 143, 153, 164, 187–88, 191, 195, 202, 204–5, 212, 224, 226 in U.K., 21–22, 105n, 180–82, 194–96, 199–201, 218 in U.S., 181, 184–92, 195, 199–200, 223–24, 227 Reykjavík, 10, 12, 170 risk, risks, 49–58, 66–76, 133–36, 141–67, 211–12, 219 AIG and, 75–76 assessment of, 46, 55–56, 74, 133, 135–36, 141–43, 145–67, 187–88, 191, 202, 205, 212, 216, 226 banks and, 19, 34–37, 41, 133, 135–36, 143, 150–54, 156–57, 160, 165–66, 174, 187–88, 191–95, 202, 204–7, 216, 224, 226, 228, 230 bonds and, 61–63, 103, 118, 144, 154, 208 derivatives and, 46–47, 49–52, 54–55, 57–58, 66–75, 78–80, 114–15, 117–22, 151, 153, 158–60, 163, 166–67, 184–85, 205, 212 desirability of, 144, 146, 150, 206–7 diversification and, 146–48 Greenspan and, 142–43, 164–66, 174, 184 hedging of, 49–50, 52, 58, 115, 205 historical data and, 163, 166 housing and, 88, 94–97, 112–13, 125, 129, 145, 158–60, 163–65 investing and, 5, 68, 70, 88, 103, 144, 146–53, 158, 165, 184, 190 leverage and, 35–36 LTCM and, 55–56 overconcentration of, 72–73 regulation and, 143, 153, 164, 187–88, 191, 195, 202, 204–5, 212, 224, 226 securitization and, 69–70, 163, 165 of stairs, 134–35 VAR and, 151–57, 162–63 risk-adjusted return on capital (RAROC), 150–51 Ritholtz, Barry, 219–20 Robinson, Phillip, 128–31 Rogers, Jim, 221 Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS), 34–36, 120, 227 bailout of, 32, 40, 204 Russia, 3, 15–16, 18, 53 bond default of, 55–56, 162, 164–65 Salomon Brothers, 63 Sanford, Charles, 150 Santander, 40 savings, 28, 86, 107, 177, 179, 187 savings and loan crisis, 73, 185, 220 Scholes, Myron, 45, 47–48, 54–55, 147 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), 195 credit ratings and, 209–10 regulation and, 153, 186, 189–92 securitization, 20, 22, 200 derivatives and, 69–70, 74, 113–14, 117–19, 122, 212 risk and, 69–70, 125, 163, 165, 212, 224 selling, sales, 34, 42, 104, 174, 203 of bonds, 59, 61–63, 144 derivatives and, 46–50, 52, 56, 65, 67–68, 73–74, 120 of equity, 58–59 of houses, 28–29, 71, 89–90 risk and, 151–52, 165, 224 Shiller, Robert, 106, 145n, 194 Simon, David, 83–84 Singapore exchange, 54 Skilling, Jeffrey, 106 small numbers, law of, 137 Sociét Générale, 51, 77 solvency, insolvency, 28–29 of banks, 36–38, 40–43, 64, 74–75, 120 Spain, 15, 40, 177, 214 contracting economy of, 222–23 housing in, 92, 110 special purpose vehicles (SPVs), 70, 120 stairs, deaths caused by, 134–35 Standard & Poor’s (S&P), 62, 114, 151, 209 statistics, 160–62 Stefánsdóttir, Rakel, 9–10, 12 stock market, stocks, 22, 54–55, 61, 76, 80, 101–11, 115, 226 bubbles and implosions in, 3, 42, 103–9, 142, 175–76 derivatives and, 50–52, 54 investing in, 59, 73, 101–7, 111, 146–52, 158, 175, 192 new-economy, 103 1929 crash of, 152, 199, 213 October 1987 crash of, 142, 151–52, 161–62, 164–65 prices of, 102, 105–6, 109–10, 147–51, 158, 174 structured investment vehicles (SIVs), 120 Summa de Arithmetica (Pacioli), 26 Summers, Lawrence, 43, 74, 188 Taleb, Nassim, 53, 155–56 Tax Reform Act of 1986 (TRA), 100 technology, 42, 104, 149, 155, 166 terrorism, 2, 12, 18, 107 Tett, Gillian, 121, 193 Thatcher, Margaret, 199, 217, 222 free-market capitalism and, 14, 21, 24 on housing, 87, 91, 98 regulation and, 21, 195–96 torture, end of ban on, 18 tranching, 117–18, 122 Treasury, British, 181–82 Treasury, U.S., 43, 54, 64, 74, 76–78 AIG bailout and, 76, 78 regulation and, 188–90 Treasury bills (T-bills), 29–30, 62, 103, 118, 144, 208 China’s investment in, 109, 176–77 Trichet, Jean-Claude, 92 Trillion Dollar Meltdown, The (Morris), 42 Troubled Assets Relief Program (TARP), 37, 189 Turner, Adair, 181 Tversky, Amos, 136–38, 141 UBS, 36, 120 uncertainty, 96 fair value theory and, 147–48 risk and, 55–56, 153, 163 United Kingdom, 9, 11–12, 18, 28–29, 61, 122–24, 134, 139, 194–202, 216–18 banking in, 5, 11, 32–36, 38–40, 51–54, 76–77, 89, 94, 120, 146, 180, 194–96, 199, 202, 204–6, 211–12, 217, 227–28 bill of, 220–22, 224 and City of London, 21–22, 32, 195–97, 200, 217–18 credit ratings and, 123–24, 209 derivatives and, 72, 200–201 financial vs. industrial interests in, 196–99 free-market capitalism in, 14–15, 21, 230 GDP of, 32, 214, 220 Goodwin’s pension and, 76–77 housing in, 38, 87–98, 110, 122, 177–78 interest rates in, 102, 177–80 personal debt in, 221–22 prosperity of, 214, 216 regulation in, 21–22, 105n, 180–82, 194–96, 199–201, 218 United Nations, 4 United States, 17–22, 34, 62–71, 120–31, 134n, 165, 199–201 AIG bailout and, 76–78 banks of, 36–37, 39–40, 43, 63–71, 73, 75, 77–78, 84, 116, 120–21, 127, 150, 152, 163, 183, 185, 190, 195, 204, 211–12, 219–20, 225, 227–28 bill of, 219–20 China’s investment in, 109, 176–77 credit and, 109, 123–24, 195, 208–9, 211 free-market capitalism in, 14–15, 230 housing in, 37, 82–86, 95, 97–101, 109–10, 114–15, 122, 125–31, 157–58, 163 interest rates in, 102, 107–8, 173–77 regulation in, 181, 184–92, 195, 199–200, 223–24, 227 urban desolation in, 81–86 value, values, 42, 74–75, 78–80, 103–4, 179, 181, 217–18, 220, 227 bonds and, 61, 103 derivatives and, 38, 48–49, 185, 201 housing and, 28–29, 71, 90, 92–95, 111, 176 investing and, 60–61, 104, 198 LTCM and, 55–56 notional, 38, 48–49, 80 value at risk (VAR), 151–57, 162–63 Vietnam War, 18, 220 Viniar, David, 163 volatility, 20, 158 risk and, 47–48, 148–50, 161 Volcker, Paul, 20 Waldrow, Mary, 127 Wall Street, 22, 53, 64, 129, 188 Washington Post, The, 18 wealth, 4, 10, 19–21, 64, 204, 206 financial industry’s ascent and, 20–21 in free-market capitalism, 15, 19, 230 housing and, 87, 90, 121 Keynes’s predictions on, 214–15 in West, 218–19 Weatherstone, Dennis, 152 Wells Fargo, 84, 127 Wessex Water, 105n West, 14–18, 43, 213, 231 conflict between Communist bloc and, 16–18 free-market capitalism in, 14–15, 17, 21, 23 wealth in, 218–19 wheat, 49n, 52 When Genius Failed (Lowenstein), 161 Williams, John Burr, 147 Wilson, Lashawn, 130–31 Wire, The, 83–84 World Bank, 58, 65, 69 * GDP, which will be mentioned quite a few times in this story, sounds complicated but isn’t: it’s nothing more than the value of all the goods and services produced in an economy.


pages: 435 words: 127,403

Panderer to Power by Frederick Sheehan

"Robert Solow", Asian financial crisis, asset-backed security, bank run, banking crisis, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business cycle, buy and hold, call centre, central bank independence, collateralized debt obligation, corporate governance, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, crony capitalism, deindustrialization, diversification, financial deregulation, financial innovation, full employment, inflation targeting, interest rate swap, inventory management, Isaac Newton, John Meriwether, margin call, market bubble, McMansion, Menlo Park, money market fund, mortgage debt, Myron Scholes, new economy, Norman Mailer, Northern Rock, oil shock, Paul Samuelson, place-making, Ponzi scheme, price stability, reserve currency, rising living standards, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Sand Hill Road, savings glut, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, South Sea Bubble, stocks for the long run, supply-chain management, supply-chain management software, The Great Moderation, too big to fail, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, VA Linux, Y2K, Yom Kippur War, zero-sum game

That is the nature of social striving: the chosen are gods and goddesses, the discarded are broken on the wheel of fortune. Greenspan joined “some 60 chums” of Malcolm Forbes on Forbes’s yacht to celebrate the publisher’s birthday. Others who sailed included Happy Rockefeller, Gloria Vanderbilt, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger (publisher of the Times), Dina Merrill, and New York City Mayor Ed Koch.8 On another occasion, Greenspan joined Norman Mailer and United Nations delegates from the Netherlands, New Zealand, and Spain to ponder why Carl Bernstein was “wearing a white scarf with his black-tie ensemble at table?”9 Greenspan attended Barbara and Allen Thomas’s annual dessert party: “Among the 65 guests [was]Alan Greenspan, the economist. A chocolate chip cookie freak, Mr. Greenspan was devouring the selection from David’s Cookie Kitchen.”10 The simple introduction is a demonstration of his rise.

In a long Times magazine feature, “Living Well Is Still the Best Revenge,” “the economist Alan Greenspan” is discussed as being among “the very rich, very powerful and very gifted,” even though Barbara Walters was unable to attend this rendezvous at the home of Oscar and Françoise de la Renta. Others mentioned in this tribute to the anointed include Ahmet and Mica Ertegun, French director Louis Malle (escorting Candice Bergen), Norman Mailer, Diana Vreeland, Jerzy Kozinski (author of Being There), and Giovanni Agnelli (who asked Mailer on Greenspan’s arrival if that “was indeed Alan Greenspan ‘the famous economist’”).13 He was even quoted in a cooking column, as a gourmet judge of chocolate desserts.14 The inflation in prices during the 1980s was at least matched by the inflation of words, but it does appear that the economist Alan Greenspan was indeed “famous.”

., 189 Kosinski, Jerzy, 75, 119 Kraft, Joseph, 55, 56 Kravis, Henry, 317, 321, 357 Kroszner, Randall, 334 L LaWare, John, 136 LBOs (see Leveraged buyouts) Leasco, 35, 351 Le Figaro (France), 341 Lehman Brothers, 272, 274, 275, 301, 310, 315, 317, 321, 347n.48, 354 Leland, Hayne, 110 Leland O’Brien Rubinstein Associates (LOR), 110–112 Leuthold, Steve, 150 Leverage: in 2006, 313 in 2007, 303 in housing market, 272–273 and LTCM failure, 185–186 and recovery from 1990s recession, 124–126 Leveraged buyouts (LBOs, leveragedbuyout firms), (see also privateequity firms), 80, 116–117, 317–319 Levitt, Arthur, 223 Lewis, Ken, 333 “Liar’s loans,” 330 Lidsky, Betti, 295 Lidsky, Carlos, 295 Liman, Arthur, 90 Lincoln Savings and Loan Association (Irvine, California), 6–7, 85–93, 100, 165, 274 Lindley, David, 109 Lindner, Carl, 80, 87–90, Lindsey, Lawrence “Larry,” 128–129, 161–162, 166, 238–240, 251–257, 259, 266, 365 warns Greenspan about ’irrational exuberance’, 240 warns Greenspan about consumer debt and longterm social cost, 258 warns Greenspan about actions not matching words, 162 Ling, James Joseph, 35, 351 Ling-Temco-Vought, 35 Liquidity, 116–117, 302, 325, 331, 363 Lockhart, James, 270 LongTerm Capital Management (LTCM), 181–187, 190 Longterm investment, 350–351 LOR (Leland O’Brien Rubinstein Associates), 110–112 LTCM (see LongTerm Capital Management) Los Angeles, California, 36, 117, 291, 319, 320 Los Angeles Times: “L.A. Land blog,” 347 Lucent, 207 Luckman, Charles, 23 M Madrick, Jeff, 59–60 Maestro (Bob Woodward), 171, 236 Mahar, Maggie, 210 Mailer, Norman, 74 Maisel, Sherman, 40 Malle, Louis, 75 Major, John, 323 Mankiw, Greg, 147–148 Manufacturing: 1980s decline in, 78 from 1998 to 2003, 291 from 2000 to 2004, 307–308 in mid-century, 23 overseas plants for, 44 profits from, 2–3 Margin calls, 128 Margin requirements, 104, 105, 161, 175, 219–220, 223, 230 Maricopa, Arizona, 357 Markey, Ed, 223 Martin, Justin, 17, 195–196 Martin, Steve, 353 Martin, William McChesney, Jr., 4, 20–21, 23–24, 26, 27, 32 n.6, 33–34, 39–41, 44, 65, 66, 115, 126, 201, 287, 300, 305, 350, 351, 362 Mayer, Martin, 4, 21, 88, 90 McCabe, Thomas B., 20n.5 McCain, John, 85, 215 McCulley, Paul, 245 McDonough, William, 186, 187, 247 McNamara, Robert, 29, 75 McTeer, Robert, 206, 247 Meany, George, 43–44 Measuring Business Cycles (Arthur Burns), 12 Media, stock market and, 248–249 Meeker, Mary, 233, 244 Mercury Finance Corporation, 165 Meriwether, John, 183, 187 Merrill, Dina, 74 Merrill Lynch, 116, 131, 144, 232–233, 272, 332, 333, 347n.48, 358 Merton, Robert, 183, 187 Mexico, bailout of, 135–136 Meyer, Laurence, 138, 139 Miami, Florida, 89, 295 Michaelcheck, William, 125 Micron Technology, 207 Microsoft Corporation, 177, 207, 216 Middle class, 252–253, 355 Milken, Michael, 7, 80, 81, 86, 87, 89, 90, 117 Miller, G.


pages: 420 words: 121,881

The Birth of the Pill: How Four Crusaders Reinvented Sex and Launched a Revolution by Jonathan Eig

Albert Einstein, experimental subject, feminist movement, Norman Mailer, placebo effect, Richard Thaler, risk tolerance, Rosa Parks, Upton Sinclair, women in the workforce

What’s more, he said, unless that energy was released, the world would never achieve progressive political or social reform. It would take nothing less than a sexual revolution—a term of Reich’s creation—to create a truly free society. Reich was the prophet of the orgasm. He even devised a special box—the Orgone Energy Accumulator—to help harness orgasmic energy, which he believed circulated in the atmosphere and in the human bloodstream. Norman Mailer, Saul Bellow, William Steig, and many other intellectuals later sat in the box (Albert Einstein considered it but politely declined). Eventually the federal government labeled Reich a fraud, but by then it didn’t matter. He had already inspired a generation of believers who would become central players in the sexual revolution. After Reich came Alfred Kinsey. At first glance, Kinsey did not look like a radical.

This drug trial would be one of the biggest in American history, much bigger than the trial for the birth-control pill. Richardson-Merrell was confident it would win FDA approval and thalidomide would soon be as popular in the United States as it was in Europe. While Sanger and Pincus waited, Hugh Hefner opened the first Playboy Club, a so-called Disneyland for adults, where the famous Bunnies strolled in their electric-blue and kelly-green costumes, each breast looking to Norman Mailer “like the big bullet on the front bumper of a Cadillac,” with little white tails bouncing on the ends of their bottoms. Within two years, the clubs would have three hundred thousand members. In February 1960, while the FDA continued to review the application for Enovid, results of a Gallup poll showed nearly three out of four people believed birth control should be made available to anyone who wanted it.

., 137 Liberace, 126 libido (sexual desire), 4, 5–6, 25, 32, 34, 39, 51, 52–54, 109–10, 172, 179–80, 184–85, 215, 223–24, 296, 317–18 Lieberman, Seymour, 89 life-tables, 253 Lifschitz, Leon, 69 Lippmann, Walter, 34 “little Comstock laws,” 295 lobotomies, 175, 177 Loeb, Jacques, 70–71 logarithms, 78 Lollobrigida, Gina, 188 London, 296 Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 67 Los Angeles, 292–94, 319 Love’s Coming of Age (Carpenter), 33 Lowell, Mass., 174 Lower East Side, 34–35, 53, 63, 150 Loy, Myrna, 197 Loyola University, 109 Lutheran Church, 297 Lysol, 37–38 MacArthur, Douglas, 210 machorras (barren women), 165–66 Mailer, Norman, 16, 294 Maisel, Albert Q., 259, 331n Makepeace, A. W., 9 malaria, 4, 61, 164 Malthus, T. R., 47–48 “Malthusian belts,” 71 mammals, 2, 70, 71, 217 Mantle, Mickey, 145 March of Dimes, 162 Margaret Sanger Research Bureau, 56, 103, 171–72, 279 Marker, Russell, 135–39 Marot, Helen, 45 marriage, 6, 17, 18, 19, 36–37, 42, 43, 105–14, 125, 156, 165–66, 174–75, 185, 186, 187–88, 223, 245, 247, 272–73, 310, 320 Marriage Manual, A (Stone), 272 Marsh, Ngaio, 85 Maryland, University of, 136 masculine characteristics, 191 Masonic Building, 214–15 Massachusetts, 95, 113, 130, 276, 295–96 Massachusetts, University of, Medical School, 322 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), 91, 94, 101, 194, 304, 316–17 Masters, William, 12 masturbation, 5, 17, 42, 43, 107, 180 McCarthy, Joseph, 18, 186 McCormick, Katharine Dexter: background of, 91 as birth control advocate, 90, 94–95, 98, 100–101, 140–45, 155, 156, 179–82, 199–200, 229, 235, 236, 258, 260, 280, 293, 304–5, 308, 309, 321–22 birth control pill supported by, 258, 260, 280, 293, 308 in Boston, 190–91, 199–200 correspondence of, 90, 100–101, 149, 158, 192, 199–200, 204, 206, 241, 304–5, 315 death of, 317 diaphragms imported by, 94–95 elitism of, 149, 158–59 as feminist, 93–96, 156, 193–94, 304, 316–17 Geneva chateau of, 90–91, 95 marriage of, 90–93, 95, 175 MIT degree of, 91, 94, 101, 194, 304, 316–17 personality of, 91–93 physical appearance of, 91 Pincus’s relationship with, 90, 140–42, 156–58, 190–91, 199–200, 206, 207, 241, 315 Pincus’s research funded by, 90, 99, 100–101, 140–45, 154, 155–57, 161, 172, 179–80, 189, 190–95, 199–200, 204, 206, 207, 241, 260, 296, 304–5, 309, 312, 315, 317, 321 Planned Parenthood funded by, 95, 98, 99, 193–95, 199 population control supported by, 193–95, 304–5 press coverage of, 95, 96 Puerto Rican trials as viewed by, 158–59, 161 racial views of, 158–59 Riven Rock estate of, 92–93, 96 Rock’s research supported by, 181–82, 193–94, 207, 304 Sanger’s relationship with, 90, 94, 95, 98, 99, 100–101, 140–45, 149, 199–200, 204, 235, 304–5 in Santa Barbara, Calif., 280 wealth of, 90, 95, 96, 97, 140–42, 175, 194, 309, 316–17 as widow, 90, 96, 97, 309 women’s suffrage supported by, 93–94 Worcester Foundation visited by, 99, 140–42, 157–58 McCormick, Mary Virginia, 92 McCormick, Stanley Robert, 90–91, 95, 96 McDougall, William, 53 McKenzie, Mrs.


pages: 760 words: 218,087

The Pentagon: A History by Steve Vogel

Berlin Wall, Charles Lindbergh, City Beautiful movement, cuban missile crisis, East Village, Fall of the Berlin Wall, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, Ronald Reagan, Works Progress Administration

Johnson, Army chief of staff, 1964–1968 David McGiffert, under secretary of the Army, 1966–69 Lieutenant Colonel Ernest Graves Jr., son of Ernest Graves and aide to the secretary of the Army, 1967–68 Captain Phil Entrekin, commander of C Troop, 1st Squadron, 6th Cavalry Regiment at the Pentagon, 1967 Abbie Hoffman, marcher at the Pentagon, cofounder of Youth International Party (Yippies) Norman Mailer, marcher at the Pentagon, author of The Armies of the Night Bill Ayers, marcher at the Pentagon, later member of Weather Underground Rita Campbell, custodial foreman for Pentagon’s fourth floor cleaning crew The Post-Vietnam Years Donald Rumsfeld, secretary of defense, 1975–77, 2001–2006 Colin Powell, military assistant to secretary of defense Caspar Weinberger, 1983–86; chairman of the Joint Chiefs, 1989–93; secretary of state, 2001–05 John Hamre, Department of Defense comptroller, 1993–97; deputy secretary of defense, 1997–99 Paul Wolfowitz, deputy secretary of defense, 2001–2005 Pentagon Management David O.

By mid-1967, for the first time, a near-majority of Americans believed the war was a mistake. The targeting of the Pentagon by antiwar demonstrators reflected the sinister image that it had assumed in the minds of many Americans. The building had come to personify the “military-industrial complex” that President Dwight D. Eisenhower had warned of six years earlier. The building’s very size and shape made it the perfect outlet for hostility. Norman Mailer, who would march with the demonstrators and win the Pulitzer Prize for his account of the event, The Armies of the Night, wrote that the protesters “…were going to face the symbol, the embodiment, no, call it the true and high church of the military-industrial complex, the Pentagon, blind five-sided eye of a subtle oppression which had come to America out of the very air of the century…” There had been previous demonstrations at the Pentagon, the most shocking two years earlier, in the twilight of a November evening in 1965.

Army intelligence concluded after the march that there had been “probably fewer than 500 violent demonstrators; however these violent types were backed by from 2,000 to 2,500 ardent sympathizers.” The actions of this hardcore minority would dominate the day and form the lasting impressions of the march. Marching at the front, arms linked, were prominent antiwar demonstrators including Dave Dellinger, Jerry Rubin, Norman Mailer, the poet Robert Lowell, and Benjamin Spock, the beloved pediatrician and author of books on raising babies (an Army report noted with suspicion that he advocated “permissive child rearing”). Great cheers greeted a contingent of veterans of the Lincoln Brigade, who had fought the fascists in Spain and now marched carrying a sign reading “No More Guernicas.” The crowd was mostly young, with sizable contingents of middle-aged and older protesters.


pages: 304 words: 84,396

Bounce: Mozart, Federer, Picasso, Beckham, and the Science of Success by Matthew Syed

barriers to entry, battle of ideas, Berlin Wall, combinatorial explosion, deliberate practice, desegregation, Fall of the Berlin Wall, fear of failure, Isaac Newton, Norman Mailer, pattern recognition, placebo effect, zero-sum game

The idea that the Creator is on your side, guiding your footsteps, taking a personal interest in your troubles, deriving pleasure from your victories, providing solace in your defeats, orchestrating the world such that, in the words of Saint Paul’s Epistle to the Romans, “all things work together for good to those who love God”—all this must have a dramatic impact on the efficacy of an athlete, or indeed anyone else. As Muhammad Ali put it: “How can I lose when I have Allah on my side?” Ali was talking in the buildup to his showdown with George Foreman in 1974, a bout that few, even in his own camp, believed he could win. Norman Mailer, Ali’s most eloquent chronicler, feared that the boxer might lose his confidence and vitality in the buildup to the contest, such was the apparent gulf in ability between the aging former champ and his formidable young opponent. But Mailer failed to factor in the divine: How could Ali fall victim to self-doubt when his strength flowed, not from within, but from the Almighty? Ali’s God was, of course, different from Edwards’s.

.), 117–18 James (table tennis), 190–91, 192 Jankovic, Jelena, 134 Jeffries, Jim, 280 Johnson, Ben, 238 Johnson, Jack, 280 Johnson, Zach, 172–73 Jordan, Michael, 128 Juninho (soccer), 86 Kark, Jeremy, 159n Karpov, Anatoly, 38, 69, 70 Kashino, Makio, 219 Kasparov, Garry, 37–39, 46–47, 50, 52–53, 69, 70, 224 Keen, Peter, 63, 136–37 Keen, Trinko, 167 Keino, Kip, 273, 282 Kenny G, 97 Kenya, runners from, 257, 258–60, 267–74 Kimble, Charles, 196–97 kinesiology, 31–32 Kirsty (figure skater), 83–84 Klein, Gary: on chess decisions, 47–48 on decision making, 39–43 Sources of Power, 40–41, 53 Knight, Darius, 143–46 knowledge: building, 94 in complex tasks, 94 in decision making, 43, 51 development of, 46 and memory retrieval, 47 and perception, 221 power of, 37–39, 53 top-down, 219–21, 225–26 Kocher, Theodor, 156 Korea, golfers from, 119–21 Kosashvili, Yona, 69 Kournikova, Anna, 120, 134 Krause, Ute, 251–53 Krieger, Heidi/Andreas, 233–39, 251–53 Kroen, Bill, 95 Kuper, Simon, 89n language: learning, 48–49 and perception, 219, 221 Lauren (table tennis player), 188–89, 190–91 Lewontin, Richard, 263–64 Lindsay, Sarah, 197–99 Linnaeus, Carolus, 278 Liszt, Franz, “Feux Follets,” 14–15 long-distance runners, 93 Louis, Joe, 277, 280 MacArthur, Daniel, 275 Macci, Rick, 61 Mailer, Norman, 151 Maiyo, Cherono, 268 Manners, John, 266–67 Maradona, Diego, 11 Marks, Jonathan, 262 Martin, Todd, 188 Martinez, Dennis, 203, 204 Marx, Karl, 160 mathematics: mastery of, 15, 100 prodigies of, 71–75 McKinsey consultants, The War for Talent, 140–41 McNabb, Donovan, 282 Mediate, Rocco, 169, 171 memory: episodic, 94 iceberg illusion of, 22 of letters, 20–21, 23–24 of numbers, 21–22, 23, 24, 31, 73 of patterns, 24 and practice, 23 and retrieval, 46–47 mental exercises: alphabet, 20–21 anagrams, 79–80 gorilla test, 226–28 optical illusion, 224–25 perception, 217–18 mental representations, acquired, 37 mental toughness, 128 mental vs. physical success, 36 meritocracy, myth of, 8–11, 19 Michelangelo, 100 Miller, George A., The Magical Number Seven, 21 mind-set, fixed vs. growth, 123–29, 134–35, 137, 141–42 mnemonics, 24 motivation: by association, 117–23 internal, 63–64, 67, 115–16 and mind-sets, 130–32 mysterious sparks, 113–17, 129 research into, 117–23 sustained, 122–23 motor chunking, 191 motor system, control of, 35 Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 55–58, 63, 99 Mullainathan, Sendhil, 276 Murray, Andy, 164 Murray, Jim, 282 muscle memory, 36 music: circular breathing in, 97 finger dexterity in, 93 practicing, 11–13, 16, 80–81 rising standards in, 14–15 myelin, 93 Nadal, Rafael, 164, 173 Nandi distance runners, 269–71, 272, 273 Navratilova, Martina, 210 Newton, Isaac, 98 Nick Bollettieri Tennis Academy, 133–36 Nicklaus, Jack, 14, 105, 173 Norman, Greg, 185–88, 193, 194 Norwood, Scott, 188 Novotna, Jana, 194–95 nurses, decisions made by, 41, 43, 78 Obama, Barack, 154, 277 O’Brien, Parry, 97 obsessive-compulsive disorder, 207–8 O’Driscoll, Michael, 8 Ohms, Jim, 203 Olympic Games: (1896), 15 1900), 15 (1924), 15 (1936), 279–80 (1968), 256, 282 (2000), 149–51, 181–84 (2002), 197–99 (2004), 208–9 (2008), 63, 136–37, 208, 255–56 (2014), 83 Omega Club, 6–8, 10, 19 O’Neal, Shaquille, 113–14, 122 one thousand hour rule, 16 Oosterom, Joop van, 75 optical illusion, 224–25 Orwell, George, 1984, 176–77 Osovnikar, Matic, 256 Owens, Jesse, 279–80 Pak, Se Ri, 119–21, 122 paradigm shifts, 97–100 Park, Inbee, 120 Park, Jeong-Keun, 162–63 pattern recognition, 24, 35, 48, 50 Paul, Saint, 151, 152 Peale, Norman Vincent, The Power of Positive Thinking, 161–62, 163–65 Pelé (soccer), 86, 88 Pendleton, Victoria, 208–9 perception: and the brain, 218–21 Chaplin mask, 217–18, 219 of experts vs. nonexperts, 222–26 inattentional blindness, 226–32 optical illusion, 224–25 and vision, 33, 218–21, 222–26 perceptual cues, 43 performance: dignity of, 244 and practice, 12–17, 80–81 psychology of, 154 and religious belief, 162 research in, 11–14, 16, 23, 36–37 transformation of, 111 world-class, 82–83 performance placebo, 165, 177–79 performance psychology, 168 peripheral nervous system, 35 perseverance, 17, 122, 213 Peters, Steve, 209, 210 Phillips, Ken, 188–90 Picasso, Pablo, 98–99 Pickens, Morris, 172 Pierce, Mary, 61 pigeons, conditioning of, 203–4 pilots: decisions made by, 43 inattentional blindness of, 228–32 Pitsiladis, Yannis, 267–72, 273, 275 placebo effect: and colors of pills, 156–57 and doublethink, 172–77 doubt vs., 164–66, 168–69 and irrational optimism, 168–74 mind over matter, 153–58 packaging and price, 157–58 positive thinking, 161–62 and a quiet place, 166–68 and religion, 151–53, 158–60, 162–64, 173–74 sardines, 149–51 self-belief, 172–73 in sports, 161–68 of superstitions, 206 in World War II, 155–56 poetry, studies of, 99 Poldrack, Russell, 191 Polgar, Judit, 67, 69–70 Polgar, Laszlo, 64–71, 75, 103, 111 Polgar, Sofia, 67, 68–69 Polgar, Susan, 66–68, 70, 75 positive affirmations, 168 positive thinking, 161–62, 163–65 irrational optimism, 168–74 research study of, 178–79 Pound, Dick, 243–44 practice: acquired mental representations in, 37 on autopilot (mindless), 78–79 and child prodigies, 57 and creative innovation, 98 deliberate, 80 easy vs. challenging, 80 end product of, 22 and excellence, 15, 17, 45–46, 65–71, 77 and experience, 46 one thousand hours per year, 16 opportunities for, 19 and performance, 12–17, 80–81 potential for change via, 23 and professionalism, 15 purposeful, 80–81, 85–86, 91, 92, 94, 96, 98, 110–11, 171–72 quantity vs. quality of, 80 ten-thousand-hour rule, 16, 22, 50, 57, 92, 121, 129 transformative, 96 praise, and mind-set, 130–32, 135, 137–38 prayer, 163 President’s Council on Bioethics, 244, 248 Primorac, Zoran, 166 productivity, improving, 110 progress, practice toward, 80–83, 85 Ramanujan, Srinivasa, 73, 74 Ramprakash, Mark, 202 Reid, John, 51 Reisman, Marty, 95, 210 relaxation technique, 167–68 relentlessness, 213 religion, as placebo, 151–53, 158–60, 162–64, 173–74 response times, 32, 33 retrieval structure, 24 Revlon, Charles, 223 Rivaldo (soccer), 86 Rivelino (soccer), 86 Robinson, Jackie, 277, 280 robots, 50 robot soccer, 49 Roe, Anne, 99 Ronaldinho (soccer), 88 Ronaldo (soccer), 86, 88 Rousell, Michael, 115 Rumelhart, David, 51 Russell, Jack, 205–6 Saltin, Bengt, 273 Sang, Joe, 259 Savins, Paul, 7 Savulescu, Julian, 241, 253 Schwarzenegger, Arnold, 218 Schwarzenegger mice, 245–49 Seirawan, Yasser, 37 Seles, Monica, 63 self-doubt, 164–66, 184 self-help movement, 163 SF, memory feats of, 21–22, 23, 24, 25, 31 Sharapova, Maria, 134 Shearer, Alan, 164 Sheen, Martin, 114 Shwarzer, Mark, 202 sickle cell anemia, 261–62 Simon, Carly, 114, 122 Simon, Herbert, 15–16, 25, 49 skill building, plateaus in, 95 Skilling, Jeffrey, 138–41 skills, circumstantial, 20 Skinner, B.


pages: 324 words: 80,217

The Decadent Society: How We Became the Victims of Our Own Success by Ross Douthat

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, AI winter, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, Burning Man, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, centre right, charter city, crack epidemic, crowdsourcing, David Graeber, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, East Village, Elon Musk, Flynn Effect, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Francisco Pizarro, ghettoisation, gig economy, Haight Ashbury, helicopter parent, hive mind, Hyperloop, immigration reform, informal economy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Islamic Golden Age, Jeff Bezos, Joan Didion, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, life extension, mass immigration, mass incarceration, means of production, megacity, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, multiplanetary species, New Journalism, Nicholas Carr, Norman Mailer, obamacare, Oculus Rift, open borders, out of africa, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Peter Thiel, plutocrats, Plutocrats, pre–internet, QAnon, quantitative easing, rent-seeking, Robert Bork, Robert Gordon, Ronald Reagan, secular stagnation, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Snapchat, social web, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, technoutopianism, the built environment, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, wage slave, women in the workforce, Y2K

Progress is a comfortable disease… —e. e. cummings INTRODUCTION The Closing of the Frontier The peak of human accomplishment and daring, the greatest single triumph of modern science and government and industry, the most extraordinary endeavor of the American age in modern history, occurred in late July in the year 1969, when a trio of human beings were catapulted up from the earth’s surface, where their fragile, sinful species had spent all its long millennia of conscious history, to stand and walk and leap upon the moon. “Four assassinations later,” wrote Norman Mailer of the march from JFK’s lunar promise to its Nixon-era fulfillment, “a war in Vietnam later; a burning of Black ghettos later; hippies, drugs and many student uprisings later; one Democratic Convention in Chicago seven years later; one New York school strike later; one sexual revolution later; yes, eight years of a dramatic, near-catastrophic, outright spooky decade later, we were ready to make the moon.”

., 240 liberal democracy, liberal order, 48, 86, 112–15 collapse of, 199–202 illiberalism as alternative to, 163–64 Islamism as alternative to, 159–62 populism as threat to, 171–73 possible overthrow of, 112, 114–15, 158, 159–75 liberals, liberalism, 227 in academia, 97 birthrates and, 53 nostalgia of, 100 spiritual emptiness of, 206, 218 virtuous communities as alternative to, 215–17 see also left libertarians, 29–30, 31, 73, 76, 216 Libya, 199 US intervention in, 70–71 life expectancy, stagnation of, 44 Lilla, Mark, 114 Limbaugh, Rush, 67 Lind, Michael, 173, 182 Lindsey, Brink, 30, 31 literacy rates, 35 Loeb, Avi, 233 Lucas, George, 111 McArdle, Megan, 56–57, 65 McConnell, Mitch, 78 McDougall, Walter, 2 McFarland, Billy, 17–18, 22 McKibben, Bill, 196 MacKinnon, Catherine, 120, 122 Macron, Emmanuel, 207 Mad Men (TV show), 95, 109 Mailer, Norman, 1 Manson, Marilyn, 140–41 marijuana, 126, 127 marriage, declining rate of, 51 Mars, human missions to, 2, 38, 211, 213 Martin, George R. R., 96 Martinique, 208–9 Marx, Karl, 200, 219, 221 Marxists, Marxism, 113, 114, 160, 161, 194, 209 political renaissance scenarios of, 219–21 mass incarceration, 149, 150 mass migration, 200, 202, 208 from Africa, 196, 197–99 from Central Asia, 199 climate change and, 196–97 from Middle East, 199 as solution to economic problems of declining birthrate, 62–65 mass shootings, 123–24 Meadowcroft, Micah, 239 meaningfulness, 221 “ ‘Me’ Decade and the Third Great Awakening, The” (Wolfe), 96–97 median income, US, stagnation of, 22–23 Medicaid, 74 Medicare, 73, 74, 76 medicine, progress in, 44, 211 MEL, 105 meritocracy, 164, 169–73 brain drain and, 171 Merkel, Angela, 64, 84, 85 Messiah, decadence and need for, 237–39 Mexico, 164 immigration to US from, 198, 199 Middle Ages, impact of plagues in, 190 Middle East, 223 falling birthrates in, 161 migration from, 199 political turbulence in, 194 Miller, Perry, 36 Millman, Noah, 198 Mines, Keith, 133–34 Ming dynasty, abandonment of sea voyages by, 5 modernity, 51, 135, 197–98, 202, 226 Islam and, 227 spirit of discovery in, 4, 6 Modi, Narendra, 167 Mody, Ashoka, 84 monetary policy, 24 Mormonism, 216 movies, decline of originality in, 91, 93–95, 105 Moyn, Samuel, 151 MSNBC, 77 Musk, Elon, 37, 213, 236 Muslims, see Islam, Islamic world Mussolini, Benito, 172 Nagel, Thomas, 223 Naipaul, V.


pages: 891 words: 253,901

The Devil's Chessboard: Allen Dulles, the CIA, and the Rise of America's Secret Government by David Talbot

Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, Bretton Woods, British Empire, Charles Lindbergh, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, drone strike, information retrieval, Internet Archive, land reform, means of production, Naomi Klein, Norman Mailer, operation paperclip, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation

There was nothing to distract Morris and Dulles besides the fleeting presence of one or two servants. Morris proved a good companion, a son of Mississippi who knew how to keep up his end when the bourbon and conversation began flowing. And he was the most touted magazine editor of his generation, on his way to becoming the youngest editor of the venerable Harper’s at age thirty-two. Under his leadership in the late ’60s, Harper’s would glow with the vibrant writing of Norman Mailer, William Styron, and David Halberstam. But, in the end, even with Morris’s expert hand, Dulles could not wrestle his manuscript into shape, and the old spook withdrew it from publication. By the time Dulles finally gave up, after months of toil, the article had gone through multiple drafts, adding up to several hundred coffee-stained pages. The drafts, now stuffed into boxes at a Princeton library where the Dulles papers are housed, are a window into Allen Dulles’s tortured relationship with the young president.

In April 1960, Robert Taber—the first African American reporter for CBS News, who had scored an exclusive interview with Castro when he was still fighting in the mountains—stirred liberal circles by purchasing a full-page ad in The New York Times that passionately endorsed the Cuban revolution. The appeal was signed by an impressive list of literary names—including Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Norman Mailer, James Baldwin, and Truman Capote—and sparked a wave of popular interest in the Cuban cause that led to the formation of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee (FPCC). Within six months, the committee had enrolled seven thousand members in twenty-seven “adult chapters” across the country and had struck a chord on college campuses, where forty student councils were formed. While Castro was staying at the Theresa, the FPCC organized a party in his honor in the hotel’s shabby ballroom.

Schlesinger believed that it was vital to purge these Communist Party influences, even though the CP’s well-organized shock troops were behind many of the political and labor victories of the New Deal period, in order to fend off attacks from the right that sought to label liberalism as a paler version of Marxist-Leninism. In 1949, Schlesinger endorsed a crude effort by Luce’s Life magazine—which the young, Pulitzer Prize–winning historian sometimes wrote for—to develop a blacklist of celebrities that the magazine described as “Dupes and Fellow Travelers” of the Communist Party. Along with the predictable stalwarts of the Far Left, Life listed such liberal luminaries as Albert Einstein, Arthur Miller, Norman Mailer, Aaron Copeland, and Leonard Bernstein. Schlesinger gave the Life magazine blacklist his stamp of approval, calling it “a convenient way of checking the more obvious Communist-controlled groups.” Though Schlesinger was an avid New Dealer, he was also a pampered product of the American elite—the son of esteemed Harvard historian Arthur M. Schlesinger Sr., a graduate of exclusive Phillips Exeter Academy at fifteen, a summa cum laude graduate of Harvard at twenty, and, at twenty-seven, winner of the Pulitzer Prize for his masterful work The Age of Jackson.


pages: 519 words: 142,646

Track Changes by Matthew G. Kirschenbaum

active measures, Apple II, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, Bill Gates: Altair 8800, Buckminster Fuller, commoditize, computer age, corporate governance, David Brooks, dematerialisation, Donald Knuth, Douglas Hofstadter, Dynabook, East Village, en.wikipedia.org, feminist movement, forensic accounting, future of work, Google Earth, Gödel, Escher, Bach, Haight Ashbury, HyperCard, Jason Scott: textfiles.com, Joan Didion, John Markoff, John von Neumann, Kickstarter, low earth orbit, mail merge, Marshall McLuhan, Mother of all demos, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, pattern recognition, pink-collar, popular electronics, RAND corporation, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, Shoshana Zuboff, Silicon Valley, social web, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, technoutopianism, Ted Nelson, text mining, thinkpad, Turing complete, Vannevar Bush, Whole Earth Catalog, Y2K, Year of Magical Thinking

“Some particular draft that was prepared or printed on some particular software, or some particular disk that stores a stage of a work in progress—these are the kinds of things that will be fetishized in the future.”38 In fact a number of significant writers already have material in major literary archives in digital form. The list of notables includes Lucille Clifton (Emory University), the British poet Wendy Cope (at the British Library), William Dickey (Reed College), Stanley Elkin (Washington University), Jonathan Larson (composer of the musical RENT; Library of Congress), Timothy Leary (the New York Public Library), Norman Mailer, Gabriel García Márquez, and Terrence McNally (all at the Ransom Center), Toni Morrison (Princeton), Susan Sontag (UCLA), Natasha Trethewey (Emory), John Updike (the Houghton), Alice Walker (Emory), and David Foster Wallace (the Ransom Center again, though only a handful of diskettes), among others. The best-known example to date is Salman Rushdie. Emory University has four of his Macintosh computers in their collection along with the rest of his “papers.”

(As John von Neumann himself was wont to put it, it was all the same “organ.”)42 As early as 2001 the State Library of Victoria in Melbourne purchased the Macintosh laptop—reportedly missing its “o” key—that the Australian novelist Peter Carey used to write The True History of the Kelly Gang (2000); it is currently on display there under glass, alongside samples from his literary papers.43 Similar to the work at Emory, archivists there contemplate making a “clone” of the machine available so visitors can explore its electronic innards. The Ransom Center, meanwhile, has computers owned by Norman Mailer (in fact used exclusively by his typist and personal assistant, Judith McNally—the keyboard is covered with nicotine stains), hypertext pioneer Michael Joyce, and now Gabriel García Márquez.44 Márquez had had a computer at least as early as 1986, when he was working on The General in His Labyrinth;45 after he died, in 2014, the Ransom Center acquired his literary papers—they included two Smith Corona typewriters and five Apple computers.46 Other computers have become objects of collectors’ desire: Stieg Larsson’s widow has been widely reported as being in possession of a laptop housing a mostly finished draft of a fourth book that is a sequel to his Millennium Trilogy.47 Whatever the manuscript’s fate—if it indeed exists—the fact that the claim can be made at all demonstrates the difference between owning somebody’s computer (with the organ of its internal storage) and owning their typewriter.

., 297n11 Licko, Zuzana, 202 Light (writing), 45, 47, 50, 70, 73, 119, 198, 199, 200 Lin, Tan, 203 Lin, Tao, 186, 308n12 Lindgren, Nilo, 127, 129 LINTRN, 136–137, 138 Lipe, Kevin, 325n25 Lisberger, Steven, 128, 129 LISP, 30–31, 265n90 Liu, Alan, 148, 300n59 Longyear, Barry B., 108–109, 116, 141, 142, 159, 216 Losh, Elizabeth, 298n33 Lotus Ami Pro, 90, 223 Love, Harold, 196, 312n51 Luddite, 1, 31, 88, 209 Ludlum, Robert, 282n2 Luey, Beth, 269n49 MacBird, Bonnie, 127–129, 130–131 MacDonald, Ross, 75 Macintosh (Mac). See Apple Magnavox VideoWRITER 250, 11, 213 Mailer, Norman, 214, 215 Malling-Hansen Writing Ball, 10, 243 Mamet, David, 18 Markdown (program), 239 Martin, George R. R., 1–2, 6–8, 9–11, 13, 29–30, 234, 242, 254n2 Materiality, 6, 13, 45, 234, 324n2 McMillan, Terry, 154 McCaffrey, Anne, 111 McCarthy, Cormac, 21 McCarthy, Tom, 7, 13 McGann, Jerome, 8, 9, 11, 310n32 McGurl, Mark, 26 McIntyre, Vonda N., 118 McLuhan, Marshall, 28, 29, 151 McNally, Judith, 216 McNally, Terrence, 89, 214 McPhee, John, 12 McWilliams, Peter, 36 Media archaeology, xv, 206 Memex, 162, 172, 242, 302n87 Mendelson, Edward, 236 Mergenthaler Super-Quick, 133, 136, 137, 295n65 Messer, Sam, 9, 21 Messud, Claire, 6 Metadata, 205, 209 Mialet, Helene, 302n86 MicroPro, 2, 4 Microsoft, 51, 110, 123, 235, 242; AutoSummary, 204–205; Office, 237; Windows, 2, 3, 236; Word, 96, 123, 184, 203, 205, 228–229, 235–237.


pages: 1,351 words: 404,177

Nixonland: The Rise of a President and the Fracturing of America by Rick Perlstein

affirmative action, Alistair Cooke, American ideology, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, Bretton Woods, cognitive dissonance, cuban missile crisis, delayed gratification, desegregation, East Village, European colonialism, full employment, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, immigration reform, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, index card, indoor plumbing, Joan Didion, Kitchen Debate, liberal capitalism, Mahatma Gandhi, Marshall McLuhan, Monroe Doctrine, moral panic, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, Own Your Own Home, Paul Samuelson, plutocrats, Plutocrats, price mechanism, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, the medium is the message, traveling salesman, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, walking around money, War on Poverty, white picket fence, Whole Earth Catalog

Thus it was that, at the crack of dawn, with Wallace as witness, inmates at the state mental hospital in Mount Vernon, and the mental ward of Bryce Hospital in Tuscaloosa, were roused from their beds and shipped to the opposite institution, 140 miles away—a show of resegregating Alabama’s madmen for the delectation of his political base. Wallace wasn’t Dixie’s most effective segregationist. He was just the most theatrical. “If every politician is an actor, only a few are consummately talented,” Norman Mailer once wrote. “Wallace is talented.” Wallace pledged to sign on as Lurleen’s “adviser” at $1 a year: “I’m gonna draw the water, tote in the wood, wind the clock, and put out the cat.” For anyone who dared critique the ruse, he affected disgust at the attack on the honor of Southern womanhood. Lurleen’s candidacy was announced mere days after she underwent surgery for the cancer that would kill her two years later.

Two of the fleeing Panthers, Eldridge Cleaver and eighteen-year-old Bobby Hutton, were pinned down in a basement. Dozens of police fired on the house for thirty-nine straight minutes. Cleaver announced his surrender, tossed out his shotgun, and, so they couldn’t claim a concealed weapon, walked out naked. “Li’l Bobby” was too shy to follow suit. Gagging and retching from the tear gas, dropping his arms for balance after a stumble, he was turned into a block of Swiss cheese. Left-wing writers including Norman Mailer and Susan Sontag released a statement on his martyrdom: “We find little fundamental difference between the assassin’s bullet which killed Dr. King and the police barrage which killed Bobby Hutton two days later…both were attacks aimed at destroying this nation’s black leadership.” Oakland’s police chief saw things differently. His statement said, “This must be done if we are going to have peace in this city.”

Theodore White, who’d worn his Kennedy button on the Nixon train in 1960, would later inscribe a copy of The Making of the President 1968 to the man he called its “hero”: “My previous reporting of Richard Nixon must I know have hurt. If I feel differently now it is not that there is a new Richard Nixon or a new Teddy White but that slowly truths force their way on all of us…. This book tries to describe the campaign of a man with courage and conscience.” Even Norman Mailer called Nixon “less phony.” A Nixon campaign commercial called “Convention”: A brass band, like the brass band that played over the McCarthy delegates standing on their chairs singing peace songs, blares “A Hot Time in the Old Town Tonight.” The familiar, old-fashioned convention scenes: standards, balloons, placards, Hubert at the podium, exuberant delegates. The music distorts electronically into a hideous pulse.


pages: 319 words: 100,984

The Moon: A History for the Future by Oliver Morton

Charles Lindbergh, commoditize, Dava Sobel, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, facts on the ground, gravity well, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, Johannes Kepler, low earth orbit, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, multiplanetary species, Norman Mailer, Pierre-Simon Laplace, planetary scale, Pluto: dwarf planet, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, UNCLOS, Whole Earth Catalog, X Prize

America, it was claimed, had lost its frontier. There were no uncharted oceans in which to locate that archipelago of deep thought and high jinks where tales of the fantastic used to live, less and less terra incognita in continental interiors for lost worlds to be lost in. The poles themselves were about to be conquered; soon men would fly through the air in powered machines, not just balloons. In 1969 Norman Mailer would tellingly describe the way in which landing on the Moon changed the world as feeling like a sort of geometrical inversion, a pocket being turned inside out. The same is true for time and space at the beginning of that century. Space closed down; time opened up: what could no longer be contained in the former was pocketed in the latter. In cinemas, lamps and shutters turned physical lengths of film into stories told in time.

Exploring the Moon in the 21st Century: Themes, Goals, Objectives, Investigations, and Priorities. https://www.lpi.usra.edu/leag/ MacDonald, Alexander. (2017). The Long Space Age: The Economic Origins of Space Exploration from Colonial America to the Cold War. Yale University Press. MacKay, Angus. (1971). Super Nova and the Frozen Man. Knight Books. Maher, Neil M. (2015). Apollo in the Age of Aquarius. Harvard University Press. Mailer, Norman. (1971). Of a Fire on the Moon. Pan Books. Marvin, Ursula B. (1986). “Meteorites, the Moon and the history of geology.” Journal of Geological Education 34:140–165. McCray, W. Patrick. (2012). The Visioneers: How a Group of Elite Scientists Pursued Space Colonies, Nanotechnologies, and a Limitless Future. Princeton University Press. McDonald, Ian. (2015). Luna: New Moon. Tor Books. ———. (2017).


pages: 362 words: 99,063

The Education of Millionaires: It's Not What You Think and It's Not Too Late by Michael Ellsberg

affirmative action, Black Swan, Burning Man, corporate governance, creative destruction, financial independence, follow your passion, future of work, hiring and firing, job automation, knowledge worker, lateral thinking, Lean Startup, Mark Zuckerberg, means of production, mega-rich, meta analysis, meta-analysis, new economy, Norman Mailer, Peter Thiel, profit motive, race to the bottom, Sand Hill Road, shareholder value, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, social intelligence, Steve Ballmer, survivorship bias, telemarketer, Tony Hsieh

Finally, gotta say it, get on my wife Jena’s list (visit http://www.pleasurableweightloss.com). Many of these other people I’ve mentioned are die-hard marketing trainers; with Jena, you’ll see the results of someone with a real-world off-line business, who taught herself marketing from the ground up in a short amount of time. She writes her own copy, and it rocks. Step 3. When my father once asked the legendary Norman Mailer for writing advice, Mailer said the main secret was: “Apply Ass to Chair.” Meaning, in this case, sit down at your desk, in front of your computer, and start putting this stuff into action. Don’t wait for the time to be right. (It never will be.) Don’t wait for everything to be perfect. (It won’t be.) Don’t wait until you “learn just a little more.” (There’s always more to learn!) Most of the marketing experts I’ve mentioned here offer free articles, online videos, teleseminars and webinars, and other free resources, which comprise a collective treasure trove for educating yourself in real-world marketing.

See Meaningful work, creating Ilovemarketing.com Institute for Integrative Nutrition Intelligence, practical versus academic Internet marketing guru online presence, building and self-created business and self-education YourName.com, importance of Investments, bootstrapper’s method IQ, and success IronPort Iteration velocity John Paul Mitchell Systems Johnson, Cameron as college non-graduate success, evolution of Jong, Erica Kaufman, Josh Kawasaki, Guy Keillor, Garrison Kennedy, Dan as college non-graduate direct-response marketing Kerkorkian, Kirk Kern, Frank as college non-graduate direct-response marketing on power of selling success, evolution of Kiyosaki, Robert mentor of on power of selling Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers Knowledge workers, digital Marxism Komisar, Randy on safety versus risk La Flamme, Jena Cheng sales coaching as college non-graduate Deida relationship training direct-response marketing, use of success, evolution of Lalla, Annie and Eben Pagan Langan, Chris LaPorte, Danielle, success, evolution of Laugh-O-Gram Leadership definitions of and impact on many as new marketing as skill of success Lean Startup Machine Lerer, Ben Levchin, Max Leve, Brett Lifelong learning Linchpin concept Listening, importance of Loucks, Vernon Louis Marx and Company Luck, and success Lupton, Amber Lynda Limited McDermid, Hitch Mailer, Norman Maister, David Making a difference. See Meaningful work, creating Manhattan Project Marc Ecko Enterprises Marianlibrarian.com Marketing advice, giving to mentors brand marketing business, creating and Eben Pagan essence of high integrity, newsletters on leadership as learning about, value of as skill of success third tribe marketing traditional, ineffectiveness of See also Direct-response marketing Marmer, Max, success, evolution of Marx, David Marx, Karl Marx, Louis, success, evolution of Marxism, digital Mason, Nick, success, evolution of Meaningful work, creating Art of Earning a Living and entrepreneurship and experimentation failure, learning from and financial stability and impact on many opportunities in workplace, seeking “options open” myth versus predictable life and risk success, case examples Mendelson, Sandi Mentors attracting becoming trusted advisor to finding with connection capital giving feedback to importance of success, case examples Millennials Mitchell, Paul Montoya, Peter, on branding Moritz, Mark Moskovitz, Dustin as college non-graduate success, evolution of Mullenweg, Matt, success, evolution of Munna, Cathryn Munna, Cortney, education debt of Murray, Charles Mycoskie, Blake Needs, versus requests Negroni, Christine Networking with connection capital to find teachers.


pages: 320 words: 96,006

The End of Men: And the Rise of Women by Hanna Rosin

affirmative action, call centre, cognitive dissonance, David Brooks, delayed gratification, edge city, facts on the ground, financial independence, hiring and firing, housing crisis, income inequality, informal economy, job satisfaction, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, meta analysis, meta-analysis, new economy, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, Northern Rock, post-work, postindustrial economy, purchasing power parity, Results Only Work Environment, Silicon Valley, social intelligence, Stanford prison experiment, Steven Pinker, union organizing, upwardly mobile, white picket fence, women in the workforce, young professional

“Prostitutes don’t sell their bodies, they rent their bodies,” feminist activist Flo Kennedy wrote in Color Me Flo, a quote that got reprinted in Ms. magazine. “Housewives sell their bodies when they get married.” In a 1971 forum captured in the documentary Town Bloody Hall, Germaine Greer and her feminist acolytes mocked a culture that believed a woman should “get an orgasm from a shiny floor.” The forum ended with three women falling all over one another and making out onstage. This might have been an act designed to annoy and titillate Norman Mailer, who was also onstage, or it might have been a genuine gay rights moment. Either way, the message was that conventional bourgeois marriage was for the dogs. America’s divorce rate began going up in the late 1960s and then took a steep climb during the seventies and early eighties, as virtually every state adopted no-fault divorce laws. The rate peaked at 5.3 divorces per thousand people in 1981.

See Lawyers Lewis, Michael, 202, 218–19 Lewis, Sinclair, 120–21 Li, Tianle, 172 Liberated Man, The (Farrell), 69 Liberia, 259 Lightdale, Jenifer, 186 Lonely Crowd, The (Riesman), 64 Longitudinal Survey of Young Women, 153 Los Angeles Times, 218 Louisville College of Pharmacy for Women, 129 Maasai, 188 Macho culture, 4, 55, 57, 69, 87, 160, 236, 259 female aggression and, 181 in workplace, accidents due to, 268 Madame Bovary (Flaubert), 118 Mad Men (television show), 197, 206, 234 Mailer, Norman, 66 Males, Mike, 19–20, 183 Manson, Charles, 178 Manufacturing, 108, 110, 262, 282n decline of, impact on men of, 2–4, 81, 85 jobs for African-Americans in, 88 pharmaceutical, 130, 155 steel, 155 Marriage, 18, 23, 40, 92, 96, 98, 142, 237, 254 age for, 25, 238 in Asia, 6, 238–39, 256–57 attitudes toward, 32, 36, 101 births outside, 93, 96 commuting, 122 ending, 94–95 declining rates of, 81–82, 87, 91, 94 delaying, 151, 154, 220, 237–38 expectations about, 7, 95 “seesaw,” 7, 47–77, 265 sexuality and, 20 See also Divorce Maryland, University of, 200 Masculinity, 63, 266–69 ornamental, 9 post-feminist, 73 Massachusetts, 92 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), 86, 87, 125, 201 Mass Career Customization, 141 Masturbation, 41 Match.com, 52 Max, Tucker, 28 Mayer, Marissa, 193–94, 196–97, 229 McDonald’s, 179 McDowell County (West Virginia), 87 McGowen, Meghan, 108 McKinsey & Company, 229, 246, 248, 251 Median income, 87, 107, 125, 155 Medical professions, 140.


pages: 391 words: 105,382

Utopia Is Creepy: And Other Provocations by Nicholas Carr

Air France Flight 447, Airbnb, Airbus A320, AltaVista, Amazon Mechanical Turk, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, Bernie Sanders, book scanning, Brewster Kahle, Buckminster Fuller, Burning Man, Captain Sullenberger Hudson, centralized clearinghouse, Charles Lindbergh, cloud computing, cognitive bias, collaborative consumption, computer age, corporate governance, crowdsourcing, Danny Hillis, deskilling, digital map, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Elon Musk, factory automation, failed state, feminist movement, Frederick Winslow Taylor, friendly fire, game design, global village, Google bus, Google Glasses, Google X / Alphabet X, Googley, hive mind, impulse control, indoor plumbing, interchangeable parts, Internet Archive, invention of movable type, invention of the steam engine, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, Joan Didion, job automation, Kevin Kelly, lifelogging, low skilled workers, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, means of production, Menlo Park, mental accounting, natural language processing, Network effects, new economy, Nicholas Carr, Norman Mailer, off grid, oil shale / tar sands, Peter Thiel, plutocrats, Plutocrats, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ray Kurzweil, recommendation engine, Republic of Letters, robot derives from the Czech word robota Czech, meaning slave, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, SETI@home, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Singularitarianism, Snapchat, social graph, social web, speech recognition, Startup school, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, technoutopianism, the medium is the message, theory of mind, Turing test, Whole Earth Catalog, Y Combinator

Although we don’t yet understand the possible “disadvantages of being constantly ‘wired,’ ” we have nevertheless “become dependent” on our gadgets. “We must remain plugged in to know what Google knows.” But as memory shifts from the individual mind to the machine’s shared database, what happens to that unique “cohesion” that gives rise to personal knowledge, selfhood’s core? THE MEDIUM IS McLUHAN July 18, 2011 ONE OF MY FAVORITE YouTube videos is a clip from a 1968 Canadian TV show featuring a debate between Norman Mailer and Marshall McLuhan. The two men, both icons of the sixties, could hardly be more different. Leaning forward in his chair, Mailer is pugnacious, animated, engaged. McLuhan, abstracted and smiling wanly, seems to be on autopilot. He speaks in canned riddles. “The planet is no longer nature,” he announces, to Mailer’s uncomprehending stare; “it’s now the content of an art work.” Watching McLuhan (who would have turned one hundred this week), you can’t quite decide whether he was a genius or just had a screw loose.

., 306–7 lightbulbs, 183 lighting, advancements in, 229–30 Lim, Kevin, 26 Lindbergh, Charles, 306 Linden, Robin, 26 Linden Lab, 26 LinkedIn, xvi, 166, 186 Listen.com, 122 “Literary Allusion in the Age of Google” (Kirsch), 86 literature, allusion and, 86–89 Literature and the Brain (Holland), 251 “Little Gidding” (Eliot), 144 Liu, Jenny, 98 long-playing (LP) record albums, 41–44, 121 Lord, Albert, 103 Lorraine, Claude, 131 Losse, Kate, 178 Louth, Andrew, 253 love, 225 unified theory of, 210, 213 Lowrey, Annie, 174 Ludd, Ned, 77, 178 Luddites, 76–78, 106, 202, 241, 312 Lynch, David, 108 Macfarlane, Robert, 201–2 machine intelligence, 136–37 language of, 214–15 Machine in the Garden, The (L. Marx), 131 machine zone, addiction to, 218–19 Macrowikinomics (Tapscott and Williams), 84 magazines, online vs. printed, 288–89, 291 Mailer, Norman, 102 mainstream media, blogging vs., 7–8 Malick, Terrence, 155 “Man-Computer Symbiosis” (Licklider), 306–7 Manjoo, Farhad, 195 Mann, Horace, 12 Man of the Year, “you” as, 28–29 Man Who Could Fly, The (film), 341 maps, digital, 56–57 Mar, Raymond, 250 Marcus, Gary, 333 marketing: for Facebook Home, 156–59 through social media, 53–54 on YouTube, 108–9 Marr, David, 212 Marshall McLuhan: You Know Nothing of My Work!


pages: 398 words: 111,333

The Einstein of Money: The Life and Timeless Financial Wisdom of Benjamin Graham by Joe Carlen

Albert Einstein, asset allocation, Bernie Madoff, Bretton Woods, business cycle, business intelligence, discounted cash flows, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, full employment, index card, index fund, intangible asset, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, laissez-faire capitalism, margin call, means of production, Norman Mailer, oil shock, post-industrial society, price anchoring, price stability, reserve currency, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, the scientific method, Vanguard fund, young professional

This was a bit of a blow to Graham who, due to Townsend's three-year program (coupled, of course, with several skipped semesters), was on track to graduate from high school at fifteen! However, Graham came to realize that Boys High had its advantages as well. As Graham recalls, the school “had long enjoyed one of the highest reputations in the country for scholastic excellence, and I was fortunate indeed in being able to go there.”30 In its early twentieth-century heyday, the school produced such distinguished graduates as Isaac Asimov, Norman Mailer, and Abraham Maslow. Indeed, considering that Graham, who had become accustomed to topping his class, was “only” ranked third at Boys High, it was probably the most rigorous academic environment that he had yet encountered. Aside from an unfortunate scheduling conflict that prevented him from continuing his Greek studies, Graham reflects that he had “two fruitful years at Boys High.”31 His continued scholastic excellence won him election to Arista (the honor society for New York high schools), and his literary endeavors took another step forward with the publication of one of his short stories in Boys High's annual bound volume of the school's best literary works.

., 70, 73, 76, 109 Keynes, John Maynard, 185, 204, 216, 293–94 Kidder Peabody, 248 Kilpatrick, Andrew, 227 Knapp, Tom, 244, 249 Kreeger, David, 285 Krugman, Paul, 216 Lehman Brothers, 290 leverage, and the market, 52, 141 Levy, Gus, 156 Levy, Guy, 181–82 Lewine, Jerome, 148 Li Lu/Himalaya Capital Partners, 257 liquidity, defined, 209 Longleaf Partners, 257 losses, avoidance and minimization of, 50 Lowe, Janet, 198, 230 Lowenstein, Roger, 159, 267 Lynch, Peter, 138 Madoff, Bernard “Bernie,” 290 Mailer, Norman, 65 management integrity, 54 margin call, 114 margin of safety, 34–56 Marie Louise “Malou” Amigues, 237, 270–79, 301 marketable securities, 131 market analysts, 40 “market basket” or “commodity-unit” currency, 203–19 market corrections, 56, 156 market fluctuations, 167 buffer against, 39 market index, 94 market price, 40 “market psychology,” 174 market timing, 45 market volatility, 45, 174 Marks, Howard, 52, 54, 167–68 Marony, Bob, 143 Martin, William McChesney, 184, 207 Marx, Harpo, 131, 138 Maslow, Abraham, 65 Maxwell examinations, 59 Mead, Joseph, 207 mean reversion, 130 Menger, Carl, 210 Merck & Company, Ltd., 44 Meredith, Spencer B., 82, 96, 189 Messing, Estelle “Etsey” (Graham), 196 Michael Price/Franklin Templeton/MFP Investors, 257 micromovement of stock quotes, 128 microprofit trades, 128 Miki, Junkichi, 113 Miller, Alda, 75 Millman, Gregory, 127–28 Milne, Robert, 53, 109 minority stockholder, 131 “Mr.


pages: 879 words: 272,328

The Naked and the Dead by Norman Mailer

back-to-the-land, Norman Mailer, the market place

Copyright © 1948, renewed in 1976, by Norman Mailer. Introduction copyright © 1998 by Norman Mailer. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles or reviews. For information, address Picador, 175 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10010. Picador® is a U.S. registered trademark and is used by Henry Holt and Company under license from Pan Books Limited. For information on Picador Reading Group Guides, as well as ordering, please contact the Trade Marketing department at St. Martin’s Press. Phone: 1-800-221-7945 extension 763 Fax: 212-677-7456 E-mail: trademarketing@stmartins.com Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Mailer, Norman The naked and the dead / Norman Mailer.—50th anniversary ed.

That fine edge in Tolstoy, the knowledge that compassion is valueless without severity (for otherwise it cannot defend itself against sentimentality), gave The Naked and the Dead whatever enduring virtue it may possess and catapulted the amateur who wrote it into the grim ranks of those successful literary men and women who are obliged to become professional in order to survive—no easy demand, for it would insist that one must be able to do a good day’s work on a bad day, and indeed that is a badge of honor decent professionals are entitled to wear. So, I am still fond of The Naked and the Dead. It has virtues, it has faults, but it also has a redeeming, even stimulating touch of Tolstoyan compassion, and thereby enables me to feel hope for all of us when very occasionally I go back and read a few pages. Allow me then to suppose that there is a good deal of hope to be found if one reads all of its pages. Norman Mailer PART ONE Wave 1 NOBODY COULD sleep. When morning came, assault craft would be lowered and a first wave of troops would ride through the surf and charge ashore on the beach at Anopopei. All over the ship, all through the convoy, there was a knowledge that in a few hours some of them were going to be dead. * * * A soldier lies flat on his bunk, closes his eyes, and remains wide-awake.

Phone: 1-800-221-7945 extension 763 Fax: 212-677-7456 E-mail: trademarketing@stmartins.com Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Mailer, Norman The naked and the dead / Norman Mailer.—50th anniversary ed. p. cm. ISBN 0-312-26505-0 I. Title. PS3525.A4152N34 1998 813'.54—dc21 98-6700 CIP First published in hardcover in 1948 by Rinehart and Company The Fiftieth Anniversary Edition first published in 1998 by Owl Books, Henry Holt and Company, Inc. eISBN 9781466854888 First eBook edition: September 2013


How to Write Like Tolstoy: A Journey Into the Minds of Our Greatest Writers by Richard Cohen

Anton Chekhov, Bonfire of the Vanities, colonial rule, Honoré de Balzac, index card, Joan Didion, non-fiction novel, Norman Mailer, Ronald Reagan, University of East Anglia

The Wylie Agency LLC: Excerpt from “A Tale of Two Novels” by Martin Amis, originally published in The Observer, copyright © 1980 by Martin Amis; excerpt from “New Novelist Is Called a Plagiarist” by Martin Amis, originally published in The New York Times, copyright © 1980 by Martin Amis; excerpt from “Martin Amis Fears Age Will Rob Him of His Literary Bite” by Martin Amis, originally published in The Sunday Times, copyright © 2009 by Martin Amis; “Amis: Sex Is Impossible for Writers and Embarrassing for Readers” by Martin Amis, originally published in The Sunday Times, copyright © 2010 by Martin Amis; excerpt from The War Against Cliché by Martin Amis (New York: Talk Miramax Books, 2001), copyright © 2001 by Martin Amis; excerpt from The Spooky Art by Norman Mailer (New York: Random House, an imprint and division of Penguin Random House LLC, 2003), copyright © 2003 by Norman Mailer; excerpt from “Vladimir Nabokov, The Art of Fiction No. 40” interview by Herbert Gold, originally published in The Paris Review, Issue 41, Summer-Fall 1967, copyright © 1967 by The Paris Review; excerpt from “Peter Carey, The Art of Fiction No. 188” interview by Radhika Jones, originally published in The Paris Review, Issue 177, Summer 2006, copyright © 2006 by The Paris Review; excerpt from Letters by Saul Bellow, ed.

Every writer has to decide on a point of view to tell his or her story—whether it should be first person, or third, or multiple viewpoints, and if so how many, and when to switch from one narrator to another. Then there is the question of how close to the action the author stands, and not for the first time Tolstoy is a prime example of an author who orchestrates narrative distance as well as narrative voice. Some of the greatest novelists loved to experiment; from Jane Austen and Wilkie Collins through Faulkner and Kafka to Norman Mailer and Salman Rushdie (who has admitted that in Midnight’s Children he deliberately made mistakes of fact and judgment, only later to discover there were some unintended mistakes too—which served his overall purpose in making his narrator unreliable). Every great writer also has a particular voice, one different from those of his characters. “Voice” implies speech, and some authors (Ivy Compton-Burnett, famously) employ almost all dialogue, others very little.

The subject of revising, whether done by oneself or responding to the advice of others, is crucial. “Abridge, abridge! Begin on the second page,” Chekhov advised his brother, who longed to be a writer too. Yet while revision most often involves cutting, pruning, cleaning up, at its best it is a re-vision. One needs to look with fresh eyes, not just do carpentry (although it sometimes is just carpentry). Balzac revised heavily, as did Norman Mailer. P. G. Wodehouse hated second drafts, while Jack Kerouac, William Golding, and John Cheever over the years had to deal with editors good, interfering, and bad. The final chapter is about—well, final chapters. How to bring a story of any length to a conclusion. Dickens and Eliot both had trouble with their endings, while Hemingway often found the whole business impossible. Tolstoy could hardly let go of his characters, particularly in War and Peace.


pages: 450 words: 113,173

The Age of Entitlement: America Since the Sixties by Christopher Caldwell

1960s counterculture, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, anti-communist, Bernie Sanders, big data - Walmart - Pop Tarts, blue-collar work, Cass Sunstein, choice architecture, computer age, crack epidemic, crony capitalism, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, David Attenborough, desegregation, disintermediation, disruptive innovation, Edward Snowden, Erik Brynjolfsson, Ferguson, Missouri, financial deregulation, financial innovation, Firefox, full employment, George Gilder, global value chain, Home mortgage interest deduction, illegal immigration, immigration reform, informal economy, Jeff Bezos, John Markoff, Kevin Kelly, libertarian paternalism, Mark Zuckerberg, Martin Wolf, mass immigration, mass incarceration, mortgage tax deduction, Nate Silver, new economy, Norman Mailer, post-industrial society, pre–internet, profit motive, reserve currency, Richard Thaler, Robert Bork, Robert Gordon, Robert Metcalfe, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Silicon Valley, Skype, South China Sea, Steve Jobs, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Thomas L Friedman, too big to fail, transatlantic slave trade, transcontinental railway, War on Poverty, Whole Earth Catalog, zero-sum game

In 1970, the ratio of unmarried white men ages 23 to 27 to unmarried white women ages 20 to 24 was 2 to 3. For blacks it was close to 1 to 2. However inevitable the sexual disruption of the 1960s and 1970s might have been, a variety of sexually enthusiastic and culturally influential men sought to promote it as a “sexual revolution,” as if it had been somebody’s brilliant idea, probably theirs. John Updike, Gore Vidal, Norman Mailer—for such novelists, the trend to more open sexual relations offered new opportunities in culture, art, and society. Hugh Hefner felt the same way. In 1953, he had founded the monthly Playboy, a magazine that included ample political and cultural coverage but was known best for its color photo centerfolds of pneumatic nudes. Hefner envisioned the Playboy Clubs that he set up in several American cities as outposts of a new culture.

., 149 LePage, Paul, 246–247 Lesbian and Gay Teachers Association, 168 lesbianism, 59 (see also gay rights, homosexuality, sexuality) Lessig, Lawrence Code, 199 Letter from Birmingham City Jail, 1963 (King), 120–121 leveraged buyouts, 128–129 Levy, Ariel, 225 Lexus (corporation), 224 liberalism, 96, 100, 163, 164 Life magazine, 84 Lilla, Mark, 93 Limbaugh, Rush, 190 Lincoln, Abraham, 5, 149–150, 269 Lockheed, 133, 134 Lombardi, Vince, 94 Long, Gavin, 266 Los Angeles, California, 28, 29, 31, 178, 241, 259 Los Angeles Dodgers, 153–156 Los Angeles Times, 117, 154, 219, 245, 257 Louisville Courier-Journal, 236 LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), 80 Luxemburg, Rosa, 225 Lyotard, Jean-François, 140 MacArthur, Douglas, 70 Macy’s, 224 Maddow, Rachel, 222, 236 Maher, Bill, 279 Mahler, Gustav, 130 Mailer, Norman, 48 Malcolm X, 26–28, 148, 151 Mandabach, Paul, 151 Manhattan (film), 130 Mann, Barry, 46 Mansfield, Harvey C., 258 Marbury v. Madison (1801), 268 March on Washington (1963), 4, 17, 19, 21, 82 Marcus, Greil, 81 marijuana, 243 Marley, Bob, 247 Marsden, George, 41 Marshall, Alfred, 212 Marshall, John, 268 Marshall, Margaret, 220–221, 225 Marshall Plan, 40 Martin, Trayvon, 264 Martin du Gard, Roger, 167 Marxism, 163 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), 181 “Master Teacher” (song), 264 Matrix, The (film), 264 Mattus, Reuben, 142 Maugham, Somerset, 136 Mayer-Schönberger, Viktor, 192 Mayfield, Curtis, 242 Mazzoli, Romano, 116 McCain, John, 184 McCall, C.


pages: 510 words: 138,000

The Future Won't Be Long by Jarett Kobek

Berlin Wall, British Empire, Donald Trump, East Village, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial independence, Golden Gate Park, means of production, Menlo Park, meta analysis, meta-analysis, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Jobs, thinkpad, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, urban decay, wage slave, War on Poverty, working poor, young professional

I let out an audible gasp and stomped over. —Come on, I said, taking Regina by the arm. —Listen, sweetheart, said Norman Mailer, you aren’t the person who’ll decide whether or not she’s leaving. —I hold a great deal of respect for your work, Mr. Mailer, I said, but you had best say a prayer to your gods if you still think this is 1967 and your headbutting can help you. You aren’t dealing with a Harvard faggot who’ll wilt beneath the stench of your testosterone. I’m molten lava and you’re smoldering embers left over from a long-extinguished fire. I’m a butterfly and a bee. —Baby, said Regina, what the hell are you talking about? —I’m talking about beating this old man like a dusty broom, I said. I yanked her away. Norman Mailer never said a word. I suspect that the scene existed beyond his critical capacity.

Goes Gold OCTOBER 1993: Adeline Receives a Postcard DECEMBER 1993: Dorian Corey JANUARY 1994: Baby Attends the Launch for Philip Levine’s The Bread of Time FEBRUARY 1994: Baby Sees Schindler’s List FEBRUARY 1994: Karen Spencer MARCH 1994: Baby Adopts the King of France APRIL 1994: Baby’s New Novel MAY 1994: Baby Sees a Ghost JUNE 1994: Baby Turns In His Manuscript AUGUST 1994: Reunion AUGUST 1994: Reunion, Part Two NEW YEAR’S EVE 1994: Baby and Adeline Watch Television APRIL 1995: Baby and Adeline Go to Norman Mailer’s House APRIL 1995: Trouble in Club Land MAY 1995: Adeline Has Lunch with Thomas Cromwell, Touches the Berlin Wall (Again) JUNE 1995: Dinner at Tom and Aubrey’s NOVEMBER 1995: Suzanne Comes to New York City MARCH 1996: Baby Explains How the World Works APRIL 1996: Peter Gatien Fires Michael Alig APRIL 1996: Baby and Adeline Go to the Mars Bar APRIL 1996: Michael Musto Breaks a Story MAY 1996: Baby and Parker Play Pool JUNE 1996: Baby Looks for Michael SEPTEMBER 1996: Baby and Adeline See Freaks SEPTEMBER 1996: Baby Does an Event at the Union Square Barnes & Noble OCTOBER 1996: Baby Goes on a Book Tour NOVEMBER 1996: Baby Goes to Honey Trap DECEMBER 1996: Michael Alig Is Arrested DECEMBER 1996: Adeline Breaks the News DECEMBER 1996: Baby Attempts a New Book CHRISTMAS DAY 1996 About the Author SEPTEMBER 1986 Baby’s Parents Murder Each Other So Baby Goes to New York I moved to New York not long after my mother killed my father, or was it my father who murdered my mother?

I could walk, at last, I could walk. Back in Wisconsin, you’d drive for three solid hours to buy an album, or a book, or pants, or anything. And that would only bring you to what people back home call a city, a place of maybe ten thousand people. Oh people, oh the people, oh New York, oh your glorious people. Your Puerto Ricans, your Hebrews, your Muslims, your Chinese, your Eurotrash, that fat little fuck Norman Mailer, your uptown rich socialites, your downtown scum, your Black Americans, your Koreans, your Haitians, your Jamaicans, your Italians, your kitchen Irish, Julian Schnabel, your Far Rockaway and Staten Island white trash. Oh New York, I loved your people. They were all so beautiful! Many of them were hideous, really ugly with terrible teeth, but even the ugly ones were beautiful too! Oh I was in heaven.


Chasing the Moon: The People, the Politics, and the Promise That Launched America Into the Space Age by Robert Stone, Alan Andres

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, Charles Lindbergh, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, feminist movement, invention of the telephone, low earth orbit, more computing power than Apollo, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, operation paperclip, out of africa, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, the scientific method, traveling salesman, Works Progress Administration

v=D1vQ_cB0f4w. Cranks were littering ACC, interview with Malcolm Kirk, Omni (March 1979). Motivated by anger Bill Kaysing, interview with Nardwuar, aka John Ruskin (February 16, 1996), https://nardwuar.com/​vs/​bill_kaysing/​. As early as 1968 Thirty-Minute Theatre, “The News Benders,” BBC Two (January 10, 1968). “In another couple of years”: Norman Mailer, interview with Studs Terkel (January 29, 1971). “Mass hoodwinking” Norman Mailer, “A Fire on the Moon,” Life (August 29, 1969). One went so far Bill Anders, interview with the authors (May 13, 2015). Marvelous achievement Freeman Dyson, interview with Robert Stone (March 19, 2015). APPENDIX: AFTER A FEW MORE REVOLUTIONS AROUND THE SUN Buzz Aldrin found it: Edwin E. “Buzz” Aldrin, Jr., and Wayne Warga, Return to Earth (New York: Random House, 1973), pp. 38, 43, 45.

Most Americans assumed the space program consumed a far greater percentage of every tax dollar than was actually the case. Three months after Apollo 11 returned, an opinion poll indicated that 56 percent wanted Nixon to spend less money on space; only 10 percent spoke in favor of increasing NASA’s budget. It was hardly the ideal moment for NASA to make the case for an all-out program to put humans on Mars by the early 1980s. A few weeks before the launch of Apollo 11, Time Life Inc. had given Norman Mailer a contract to write a book about the first moon landing. Selections would be excerpted in Life magazine and the entire book published by the venerable Boston firm of Little, Brown. But when he submitted his finished manuscript in mid-1970—ten months past the deadline and more than twice its contracted length—Mailer and his publisher took stock of how much had changed in the past year. Little, Brown had just released First on the Moon, a first-person account by the Apollo 11 astronauts, ghostwritten by Life magazine staffers.

Motivated by anger about the Pentagon’s deception in Vietnam, Kaysing decided to write something “outrageous,” hoping that it might prompt Americans to no longer blindly accept as truth the official word out of Washington, D.C. Ironically, this was one rumor the Soviet Union hadn’t tried to cultivate as part of their disinformation campaign against the United States. At the time of the moon landing, few voiced rumors of it being a hoax, although as early as 1968 just such a secret government conspiracy had served as part of the plot of a darkly satiric BBC television drama, The News-Benders. Author Norman Mailer may have sensed the growing paranoia when he joked a year after Apollo 11, “In another couple of years there will be people arguing in bars about whether anyone even went to the Moon.” He was quick to dismiss any such “mass hoodwinking” because, he argued, to pull it off would entail an effort and genius greater than the feat of launching the Saturn V and landing on the Moon. But as memories faded and disillusionment about established institutions became more widespread, this infectious idea slowly gained adherents


I Remember Nothing by Nora Ephron

Norman Mailer, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live

I am not proud of this, but I mention it because it explains why I honestly cannot remember anything about the protest, including whether I ever even got to the Pentagon. I don’t think I did. I don’t think I’ve ever been to the Pentagon. But I wouldn’t bet a nickel on it one way or the other. Norman Mailer wrote an entire book about this march, called The Armies of the Night. It was 288 pages long. It won the Pulitzer Prize. And I can barely write two paragraphs about it. If you knew Norman Mailer and me and were asked to guess which of us cared more about sex, you would, of course, pick Norman Mailer. How wrong you would be. Here are some people I met that I remember nothing about: Justice Hugo Black Ethel Merman Jimmy Stewart Alger Hiss Senator Hubert Humphrey Cary Grant Benny Goodman Peter Ustinov Harry Kurnitz George Abbott Dorothy Parker I went to the Bobby Riggs–Billie Jean King tennis match and couldn’t really see anything from where I was sitting.


pages: 123 words: 36,533

Keep It Real: Everything You Need to Know About Researching and Writing Creative Nonfiction by Lee Gutkind

In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, index card, Joan Didion, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Mahatma Gandhi, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, Ronald Reagan

Yet journalists hardly constitute the majority of creative nonfiction writers. One of the major reasons for the sudden and growing popularity of the genre is that poets and fiction writers have also entered into it with great enthusiasm, experimenting with and pushing the parameters of the form. The long list of respected poets and novelists who have written landmark books and essays in creative nonfiction includes Norman Mailer, Diane Ackerman, William Styron, and W. S. Merwin, as a barest beginning. Without endorsement and experimentation by writers whose reputation was made in other genres, creative nonfiction could not have grown at the astounding rate it has. Since the early 1990s there has been an explosion of creative nonfiction. Many of our best magazines—the New Yorker, Harper’s, Vanity Fair, Esquire—publish more creative nonfiction than fiction and poetry combined.

Thompson embraced a much more personal voice, no longer camouflaging the narrator’s personality. They cultivated the subjective voice, believing that the writer’s point of view had become an integral part of any story. Novelists also turned their hand to writing nonfiction and incorporated the narrative techniques that had served them so well in fiction. In 1966 Truman Capote examined the murder of a family in Kansas in his seminal work In Cold Blood. A few years later Norman Mailer’s nonfiction meditation on an antiwar rally at the Pentagon became The Armies of the Night, a work that won a Pulitzer Prize. Its subtitle, History as a Novel, the Novel as History, spoke to the crossing of two great currents as journalism met creative writing. A new genre, often referred to as New Journalism, began to emerge in American letters. Another starting point would be to look back into the mirror of literary history.

Keneally describes the exhaustive research that undergirds his story: interviews with fifty Schindler rescuees; on-site visits with one of these survivors to the major locales of the tale; Schindler’s papers and private letters; and written testimonies deposited by Schindler Jews at Yad Vashem, the Holocaust Martyrs’ and Heroes’ Remembrance Authority. Keneally then explains some of the choices he made and introduces the reader to one of his book’s major themes, the complexity (and ambiguity) of heroism. The afterword to The Executioner’s Song, Norman Mailer’s 1979 Pulitzer Prize–winning volume, achieves similar goals. Mailer describes the interviews, court transcripts, and other documents that permitted him to re-create the unsettling saga of Utah mass murderer Gary Gilmore, who wanted only to die. Mailer expresses humility (and protects himself) in this afterword, for Gilmore’s firing squad death left the writer in the awkward plight of never having met his work’s central figure.


pages: 462 words: 151,805

Gonzo: The Life of Hunter S. Thompson by Corey Seymour, Johnny Depp, Jann S. Wenner

Bonfire of the Vanities, buy low sell high, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, Mason jar, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, Ralph Nader, rolodex, Saturday Night Live, South China Sea, South of Market, San Francisco, Y2K

From then on, I was treated like King Beast. PAUL SEMONIN I had a small room over on Charles Street right off West Fourth, which was only a block away from Hunter. We were practically roommates from April of ’59 right on through the summer and into the early fall, until the winter of ’60, when Hunter took off for Puerto Rico. We were getting more and more into the beatnik culture, reading Kerouac and Ginsberg. And of course Norman Mailer’s early stuff was really important. That was teething for us until we were starting to live those kinds of personas in a way. That whole period forms this kind of continuum when you might say there was a kind of brotherhood of dare, a brotherhood of rebellion. Hunter was starting to work on Prince Jellyfish, which is the first novel or manuscript that I remember him actually sitting down to try and write.

I made a drawing of him and I called him Mr. Mandeliman. I’ve got all the drawings from the trip, and I never used them again because Hunter never filed a single word about the fight, or about Zaire, or about anything. I couldn’t even go to the fight—Hunter had sold our tickets on the day of the fight itself, maybe ten minutes before we were supposed to be there. I watched it on television. NORMAN MAILER, the novelist. Zaire was fascinating. There were a great many of us writers there who loved prizefights and were absolutely, completely attached to the idea of the fight. It was a very exciting fight, and we’d covered it for weeks. Then Hunter came in, and it was so typical of Hunter: Here was the convocation of experts, and his experience throughout most of his life was that convocations of experts were concentrations of bullshit.

On the night of the fight, Hunter had a big bag of marijuana, and he took a bottle of Glenfiddich I had bought him down to the pool with a bucket of ice and the bag, threw the marijuana into the pool—everyone else was off watching the fight, you know—and dived into the middle of the marijuana and then just hung by the side of the pool, smoking and drinking and loving the whole meaningless nature of it. I did a drawing of the eighth round when Foreman went down after Ali hit him. I drew the punch. I made it up almost as though I had seen it. I had to. NORMAN MAILER The bet he’d made was that the fight would be a bummer, and that he could still ace us even though he’d spent his time swimming when the fight was on. Instead it was one of the great fights of all time, and he was shut out entirely from it. I saw him on the plane home, and there he was, full of good spirit and knocking down a great many beers in a row. I remember that in terms of his immense adaptability—he’d take huge risks, and if they blew up on him, so what?


America Right or Wrong: An Anatomy of American Nationalism by Anatol Lieven

American ideology, British Empire, centre right, cognitive dissonance, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, European colonialism, failed state, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, full employment, Gunnar Myrdal, illegal immigration, income inequality, laissez-faire capitalism, mass immigration, Mikhail Gorbachev, millennium bug, mittelstand, Monroe Doctrine, moral hazard, moral panic, new economy, Norman Mailer, oil shock, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, Thomas L Friedman, World Values Survey, Y2K

At the same time, he agrees with Laqueur as saying of the Zionists that in seeking to establish a state, "Their sin was that they behaved like other peoples. Nation states have never come into existence peacefully and without injustices."87 Yet these writers did not follow up with the obvious corollary, which is that the Palestinians too "behaved like other peoples" in fighting to hold on to their ancestral land where they were a large majority. Even Norman Mailer, while strongly criticizing current Israeli policies, has suggested that the Palestinians are at fault for not having welcomed Jewish refugees in the 1940s. Instead, self-described liberals like Alan Dershowitz, professor of law at Harvard University, have explicitly used arguments of collective Arab and Palestinian guilt as a justification. This is not only false historically but is also incompatible with contemporary liberal values, and feeds into American chauvinism toward Muslims and Arabs.

., 14-15, 76, 78, 84, 175, 191-92, 198; criticism of, 30, 155 Lieber, Francis, 83 Likud, 152, 177, 182-83 Limbaugh, Rush, 30, 121 Lincoln, Abraham, 42 Lind, Michael, 19, 62, 67, 68 Lindsay, Vachel, 88 Lindsey, Hal, 144,145, 147, 182 Lipset, Seymour Martin, 118, 126,204 London Financial Times, 16, 31 Lott, Trent, 43, 121, 166 Lustick, Ian, 181 McCain, John, 122 McCarthyism, 133-34, 135, 138 McClure's (magazine), 131 McFaul, Michael, 77-78 McNeill, William H., 58, 59 McVeigh, Timothy, 118 McWhiney, Grady, 101, 136 Maher, Bill, 24 Mailer, Norman, 195 Manfield, Stephen, 129 Mann, Thomas, 19, 24 Marshall, George, 156 Marshall, John, 97 Marty, Martin, 192 martyrdom and nationalism, 192-93. See also antiSemitism Marx, Karl, 10, 147 Maurras, Charles, 92 Mead, Walter Russell, 11, 3738, 44, 95, 120, 160 media, 21,29-30, 31-32, 44, 73 Meir, Golda, 197 Melville, Herman, 33, 56 messianism, U.S., 14, 18, 56, 63-71, 72, 75; and academia, 65-66; consequences of, 81-83; by example, 64, 75-76; foundation for, 52-53, 6670 middle classes, 9, 55, 219, 220-21 Middle East, 73, 74, 75; compared to Europe, 21112; dangers of involvement in, 190,218-19; rhetoric of democratizing, 208-10, 213, 214, 215; U.S. agenda/policies in, 82, 176-79, 189-90.


pages: 160 words: 53,435

Good Prose: The Art of Nonfiction by Tracy Kidder, Richard Todd

Atul Gawande, demand response, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, Joan Didion, moral hazard, Norman Mailer, Ralph Waldo Emerson, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, Yogi Berra

Sometimes the “I” is really out there on the page, self-dramatizing, very present indeed. Sometimes it is the “I” of personal participation in great events or dire social conditions: Mark Twain learning his way around the mining camps of the West, in Roughing It. More recently, it’s David Foster Wallace having adventures on a cruise ship or Barbara Ehrenreich describing her taste of life as a minimum-wage worker. Then there is the interesting case of the late Norman Mailer. He said that his book Armies of the Night, originally begun as a magazine article for Harper’s, was “history as novel” and “novel as history.” It seems like neither. It looks a lot like reportage, reportage that transforms the first person into the third. This is the book in which Mailer becomes “Mailer,” a character covering and participating in the March on the Pentagon in 1967. At moments, his deployment of the third-person-first-person feels like a prison break.

What is true in macrocosm is true in microcosm. At the level of moment-by-moment rendering of the past, the factual becomes all the more problematic. One can see the problem enacted, in a brilliant form, in Frank Conroy’s memoir, Stop-Time, a modern landmark in the genre. When the book appeared, in 1967, it became the literary equivalent of breaking news. The original dust jacket bore just two blurbs—one from William Styron and one from Norman Mailer, two of the most respected American novelists of the day. Stop-Time is an account of growing up rich and poor. (Conroy’s mother was divorced from her well-off husband and took up with a drifter.) It was far from the first memoir about childhood, but it had a freshness and immediacy that made it seem like something new. The book served as a rebuke to the conventional sentiment that a writer ought to have achieved something in the world before presuming to write a memoir.

And the act of creativity is itself a gift, which can’t be aimed at making money but must be freely given. Hyde’s sanctification of the writer’s role can cause discomfort, especially to a writer with some experience in journalism. The newsroom and the magazine office both offer quick lessons in avoiding preciousness. Journalists aren’t likely to talk about “art” and “creativity.” If they dare to boast at all, they’re apt to talk about being “pros.” Norman Mailer defined a pro as someone who can work on a bad day. He was an artist who loved the sense of himself as a pro. The motto on the pro’s coat of arms would be the timeless wisdom of Dr. Johnson: “No man but a blockhead ever wrote except for money.” A pro makes deadlines, and a pro makes compromises, too. A pro lives in real time in the real world and secretly relishes the constraints of the job.


pages: 187 words: 58,628

An Abbreviated Life: A Memoir by Ariel Leve

Norman Mailer, rolodex, sensible shoes

And then when I was old enough to care, I didn’t. “I want a mommy-mommy.” I would say. “Someone who cuts the crusts of my bread.” She would laugh at the banality of this. And remind me how fortunate I was to have her, an artist, as my mother. WHEN NORMAN MAILER ran for mayor of New York in 1969, my mother hosted a fund-raiser for him at the apartment. I was a baby and my father, recalling this evening, said, “It probably raised fifty dollars. But that wasn’t the point.” Growing up, my mother frequently encouraged me to tell people Norman Mailer was my “godfather.” I was reluctant to reveal this because it didn’t feel real. I had met Mailer once or twice, and he was cordial to me. We didn’t have an intimate connection, and telling people that he was my godfather felt unnatural and weird. Later, when I was working at the Sunday Times, Mailer had written a piece for the magazine, and when my editor mentioned to him that I worked there and asked about his being my godfather, he confessed that he had been “dragooned” into it.

When my editor told me this, I felt I had been implicated in a version of my life that didn’t belong to me. ONLY IT DID. Because my mother would use her connections to help me, whether I wanted this help or not. She persuaded Mailer to write a college recommendation letter. I have no memory of the letter, no copy of it, and how much influence it wielded is unknown. “If it weren’t for me asking Norman Mailer to write your recommendation letter, you would never had gotten into college,” she said. I owed her. Although if I had said, “I want to go to college in Spain and be on my own,” I knew she would not have solicited a recommendation for that. I OFTEN WENT to Elaine’s with my mother and witnessed her in action. One night she approached a table in the front of the restaurant where a Famous Writer with White Hair (was it Joseph Heller?)


pages: 851 words: 247,711

The Atlantic and Its Enemies: A History of the Cold War by Norman Stone

affirmative action, Ayatollah Khomeini, bank run, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Bonfire of the Vanities, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business cycle, central bank independence, Deng Xiaoping, desegregation, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, European colonialism, facts on the ground, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial deregulation, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Frederick Winslow Taylor, full employment, Gunnar Myrdal, Henry Ford's grandson gave labor union leader Walter Reuther a tour of the company’s new, automated factory…, illegal immigration, income per capita, interchangeable parts, Jane Jacobs, Joseph Schumpeter, labour mobility, land reform, long peace, mass immigration, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, Mitch Kapor, new economy, Norman Mailer, North Sea oil, oil shock, Paul Samuelson, Ponzi scheme, popular capitalism, price mechanism, price stability, RAND corporation, rent-seeking, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, special drawing rights, Steve Jobs, strikebreaker, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, trade liberalization, trickle-down economics, V2 rocket, War on Poverty, Washington Consensus, Yom Kippur War, éminence grise

A visiting English grandee, Harold Nicolson, had gone on a coast-to-coast lecture tour in the USA to rescue his finances, had addressed Midwest ladies in cherried hats as to how the two democracies stood shoulder to shoulder facing the foe to the east, had taken yet another train to yet more ladies offering tea and cookies, and had gone back to London and told his friends that it had been ‘like a month at a servants’ ball’. The New York intelligentsia in their way agreed. They had not much cared for Eisenhower, who played the golfing Republican buffoon; and Norman Mailer set the tone for many writers to come when he dismissed the fifties as ‘the worst decade in the history of mankind’. Most writers really respond to conditions a generation before, did not feel at home in mass prosperity, and made fools of themselves when they pronounced on politics. But pronounce they did, and the sniggering or resentment of the intelligentsia had effect. Kennedy appeared. He was less well-read and was certainly less musical than Truman (who was a good pianist) or even Eisenhower, but the image was far better: he could pretend, and perhaps even believe in the pretence.

All of this had military overtones, to do with German rearmament, and Eisenhower himself had had considerable, often very unpleasant, experience of what that might mean. In fact the old general was now quite seriously minded to enter history as the man who had done most to stop nuclear destruction. True, Eisenhower played the golfing old buffer, and his wife was plain cooking. But he saw well enough what was going on, and produced a line, ‘the military-industrial complex’, that summed up the realities of warfare and militarized economics better than ever Norman Mailer did. Might he not decide that Berlin was not worth a fight? Oddly enough, it was the French who were most firmly in favour of defending Germany, their new associate in Europe. To exploit the differences, in May 1959 Khrushchev agreed to drop his ultimatum in return for a general conference at Geneva, scene of the earlier and quite satisfactory conference that had settled the French war in Indo-China.

Lunacharsky, Anatoly Luns, Joseph Luther, Martin Lutheran Church: East Germany Hungary Slovakia Sweden Luttwak, Edward Turbo-Capitalism Luxemburg coal and steel production see also Benelux Lvov (Lwów) Lyubimov, Yuri MacArthur, Douglas McCarthy, Joseph McDonald’s (fast food) Macedonia Macedonians McGovern, George MacGregor, Sir Ian McKenzie, D. N. Maclean, Donald Maclean, Sir Fitzroy Macmillan, Harold, 1st Earl of Stockton McNamara, Robert MacShane, Denis Madoff, Bernard Magloire, Paul Magnet, Myron Mailer, Norman Makarios, Archbishop malaria Malatya Malaya Malaysia Malenkov, Georgy Malraux, André Malta Malta summit (1989) Manaos Manchester Grammar School Manchester Guardian see Guardian Manchukuo Manchuria Chinesewar Japanese invasion (1931) Soviet claims to territory Mann, Klaus Mann, Thomas Mannerheim, Carl Gustaf Emil Mannesmann (corporation) Mansfield, Mike Mansfield Amendment (1973) Manuilsky, Dmitry Mao Tsetung: and atomic bomb background and character andwar death early career ‘hundred flowers’ campaign and Hungarian uprising of 1956 inauguration of People’s Republic Jiangxi soviet and Korean War and Long March and Marshall military genius and Nixon’s visit to China and Stalin tyranny and Vietnam and village politics Western intellectuals’ views of Maoism ‘Little Red Book’ Maraş Marchais, Georges Marcuse, Herbert Margolina, Sonja Marjolin, Robert Marshall, George.: background and character and Chinesewar development of Marshall Plan and Greekwar and Mao Moscow conference (1947) Paris Peace conference (1947) and Stalin Yalta conference (1945) Marshall Plan (European Recovery Program) costs of Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA) Organization for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC) and Soviet bloc Martí, José Marx, Karl The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon Marxism: in Chile in China defeat of in France and Frankfurt School Marxist economists mayhem caused by in Turkey Masaryk, Jan Maspéro, François mass-production methods Massoud, Ahmad Shah Massu, Jacques Émile Masur, Kurt Matsu islands Matthews, Herbert Matusow, Allen Mauthausen concentration camp Maxwell, James Clerk Maxwell, Robert Meese, Edwin Meinhof, Ulrike Meir, Golda Mekong Delta Melhuish, Sir Ramsay Menderes, Adnan Mendès France, Pierre Mengele, Josef mental illness Mersin Messina conference (1955) Metternich, Klemens Wenzel, Prince von Mexico: Castro in development of contraceptive Pill oil industry Mexico City Meyer, Herbert E.


pages: 1,034 words: 241,773

Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress by Steven Pinker

3D printing, access to a mobile phone, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, anti-communist, Anton Chekhov, Arthur Eddington, artificial general intelligence, availability heuristic, Ayatollah Khomeini, basic income, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Black Swan, Bonfire of the Vanities, business cycle, capital controls, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, carbon footprint, clean water, clockwork universe, cognitive bias, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, conceptual framework, correlation does not imply causation, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, dark matter, decarbonisation, deindustrialization, dematerialisation, demographic transition, Deng Xiaoping, distributed generation, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, Doomsday Clock, double helix, effective altruism, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, end world poverty, endogenous growth, energy transition, European colonialism, experimental subject, Exxon Valdez, facts on the ground, Fall of the Berlin Wall, first-past-the-post, Flynn Effect, food miles, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, frictionless, frictionless market, germ theory of disease, Gini coefficient, Hans Rosling, hedonic treadmill, helicopter parent, Hobbesian trap, humanitarian revolution, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, income inequality, income per capita, Indoor air pollution, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invention of writing, Jaron Lanier, Joan Didion, job automation, Johannes Kepler, John Snow's cholera map, Kevin Kelly, Khan Academy, knowledge economy, l'esprit de l'escalier, Laplace demon, life extension, long peace, longitudinal study, Louis Pasteur, Martin Wolf, mass incarceration, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Mikhail Gorbachev, minimum wage unemployment, moral hazard, mutually assured destruction, Naomi Klein, Nate Silver, Nathan Meyer Rothschild: antibiotics, Nelson Mandela, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, nuclear winter, obamacare, open economy, Paul Graham, peak oil, Peter Singer: altruism, Peter Thiel, precision agriculture, prediction markets, purchasing power parity, Ralph Nader, randomized controlled trial, Ray Kurzweil, rent control, Republic of Letters, Richard Feynman, road to serfdom, Robert Gordon, Rodney Brooks, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Rory Sutherland, Saturday Night Live, science of happiness, Scientific racism, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Simon Kuznets, Skype, smart grid, sovereign wealth fund, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steven Pinker, Stewart Brand, Stuxnet, supervolcano, technological singularity, Ted Kaczynski, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, the scientific method, The Signal and the Noise by Nate Silver, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Thomas Malthus, total factor productivity, union organizing, universal basic income, University of East Anglia, Unsafe at Any Speed, Upton Sinclair, uranium enrichment, urban renewal, War on Poverty, We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters, women in the workforce, working poor, World Values Survey, Y2K

Indeed, no autocrat of the 20th century lacked champions among the clerisy, including Mussolini (Ezra Pound, Shaw, Yeats, Lewis), Lenin (Shaw, H. G. Wells), Stalin (Shaw, Sartre, Beatrice and Sidney Webb, Brecht, W. E. B. Du Bois, Pablo Picasso, Lillian Hellman), Mao (Sartre, Foucault, Du Bois, Louis Althusser, Steven Rose, Richard Lewontin), the Ayatollah Khomeini (Foucault), and Castro (Sartre, Graham Greene, Günter Grass, Norman Mailer, Harold Pinter, and, as we saw in chapter 21, Susan Sontag). At various times Western intellectuals have also sung the praises of Ho Chi Minh, Muammar Gaddafi, Saddam Hussein, Kim Il-sung, Pol Pot, Julius Nyerere, Omar Torrijos, Slobodan Milošević, and Hugo Chávez. Why should intellectuals and artists, of all people, kiss up to murderous dictators? One might think that intellectuals would be the first to deconstruct the pretexts of power, and artists to expand the scope of human compassion.

Snow never assigned an order to his Two Cultures, but subsequent usage has numbered them in that way; see, for example, Brockman 2003. 13. Snow 1959/1998, p. 14. 14. Leavis flame: Leavis 1962/2013; see Collini 1998, 2013. 15. Leavis 1962/2013, p. 71. CHAPTER 4: PROGRESSOPHOBIA 1. Herman 1997, p. 7, also cites Joseph Campbell, Noam Chomsky, Joan Didion, E. L. Doctorow, Paul Goodman, Michael Harrington, Robert Heilbroner, Jonathan Kozol, Christopher Lasch, Norman Mailer, Thomas Pynchon, Kirkpatrick Sale, Jonathan Schell, Richard Sennett, Susan Sontag, Gore Vidal, and Garry Wills. 2. Nisbet 1980/2009, p. 317. 3. The Optimism Gap: McNaughton-Cassill & Smith 2002; Nagdy & Roser 2016b; Veenhoven 2010; Whitman 1998. 4. EU Eurobarometer survey results, reproduced in Nagdy & Roser 2016b. 5. Survey results from Ipsos 2016, “Perils of Perception (Topline Results),” 2013, https://www.ipsos.com/sites/default/files/migrations/en-uk/files/Assets/Docs/Polls/ipsos-mori-rss-kings-perils-of-perception-topline.pdf, graphed in Nagdy & Roser 2016b. 6.

., 262–3, 264 Lovelock, James, 465n76 Loving, Richard and Mildred, 376 Lucas, Robert, 89 Lutheranism, 412 Macaulay, Thomas, 327–8 McCloskey, Deirdre, 84 McGinn, Colin, 427–8 McKibben, Bill, 465n76 McNally, Richard, 281 McNamara, Robert, 74, 319 Macron, Emmanuel, 339 Madfis, Erik, 198 Madison, James, 13, 407 Maduro, Nicolás, 91, 171 magical thinking, 5, 249 Mahbubani, K., 459n16 Maher, Bill, 374 Maher, Shiraz, 5, 443 Mahmood, Omar, 443 Mailer, Norman, 447, 456n1 Malamud, Bernard, 284 malaria, 66, 66 Malaysia, 57, 200, 203, 442, 457n8 Malthusian Era, 54 Malthus, Thomas, 73–4 Mandela, Nelson, 91 Mann, Thomas, 446 Mao Zedong death of, 90, 208 as leader, 78, 91, 143 and nuclear weapons, 313 repression under, 203, 208 Western intellectuals as admirers of, 447 Marcotte, Amanda, 358–9 Marcuse, Herbert, 39–40 Marcus, Gary, 477n20 marijuana, 175, 185 Maritain, Jacques, 418 Marxism Critical Theory as quasi-Marxist, 396–7 human costs of, 78, 90–91, 101, 107, 165, 200, 247–8, 271, 364, 430 intellectuals’ sympathy with, 31, 364, 372, 447 See also communism Marxist guerrillas and terrorists, 158, 195, 197, 198 Marx, Karl, 103, 165, 349, 405 Maslow, Abraham, 224 massive open online courses (MOOCs), 238 Mateen, Omar, 215, 216 maternal mortality, 57–68, 57 Maurras, Charles, 448 meaningful life, 3–4 contrasted with happy life, 267–8 Enlightenment ideals and, 3–4 freedom and, 265–6 humanistic caring and, 434–5 Humanist Manifesto III on, 411 measles, 66 Medellín, Colombia, 172 media about things that happen vs. don’t happen, 41 anxiety produced by, 286–7 Availability heuristic and, 42, 201 Betteridge’s Law of Headlines, 282 child labor exposed by, 230 climate change coverage, 151 dystopian rhetoric of, 50, 343 fact-checking and, 375–6, 380 gravitas market, 49, 293, 452 liberal tilt of journalism, 372–3, 484n54 mental health perceptions and, 282–3 “nuclear war” less mentioned, 310, 479n80 and pessimism, 40–41, 50, 343 political coverage, improvement of, 381, 383 populism and, 343–4 and shift from glorifying to exposing leaders, 50 terrorism coverage, recommendations for, 197–8 time scale of positive vs. negative events, 41 tone of the news (1945–2010), 50–51, 51 Trump’s election, role of, 50, 343, 376, 449 Trump’s threats to, 336 and violence, portrayal of, 42, 215–16 workplace safety coverage, 186 —NEGATIVE NEWS AS FOCUS OF, 42, 50 anxiety and depression and, 286–7 children and, 229 cumulative psychological effects of, 292 equal rights and, 215 incremental system change, loss of belief in, 50 upticks of problems and, 44 viewed as duty of journalists, 49 Medicare, 109 medicine blood groups, 64 evidence-based, 380 future gains not calculated in life expectancy, 60 and immortality, hope for, 60–61 new technologies for, 331 progress in, as incremental, 55, 61 sterilization of hands and equipment, 63, 67 See also drugs, pharmaceutical; health; health care; infectious disease; vaccines Medvedev, Dmitry, 316 Meehl, Paul, 403–4 Mellers, Barbara, 367–8, 370–71 memory, autobiographical, 3, 48, 407 Mencken, H.


pages: 274 words: 70,481

The Psychopath Test: A Journey Through the Madness Industry by Jon Ronson

Albert Einstein, corporate raider, cuban missile crisis, Donald Trump, Douglas Hofstadter, Gödel, Escher, Bach, impulse control, Norman Mailer, Ronald Reagan, Skype

I pieced together the Bob Hare chapter in part through my interviews with him, but also from reading his books Without Conscience: The Disturbing World of the Psychopaths Among Us (Guilford Press, 1999) and Snakes in Suits: When Psychopaths Go to Work (HarperBusiness, 2007), which he coauthored with Paul Babiak. The Nicole Kidman story Bob Hare tells comes from the article “Psychopaths Among Us,” by Robert Hercz, 2001. My information on the Jack Abbott/Norman Mailer story came from “The Strange Case of the Writer and the Criminal,” by Michiko Kakutani (The New York Times Book Review, September 20, 1981) and In the Belly of the Beast, by Jack Henry Abbott with an Introduction by Norman Mailer (Vintage, 1991). Background into the crimes of Emmanuel “Toto” Constant came from “Giving ‘The Devil’ His Due,” by David Grann (The Atlantic, June 2001). Thanks to Ben Blair and Alan Hayling for their help with the chapter “Night of the Living Dead,” and to John Byrne for his book Chainsaw: The Notorious Career of Al Dunlap in the Era of Profit-at-Any-Price (HarperBusiness, 1999) along with his research into Al Dunlap in the magazines BusinessWeek and Fast Company.

I was attaining a new power, like a secret weapon, the kind of power that heroes of TV dramas about brilliant criminal profilers display—the power to identify a psychopath merely by spotting certain turns of phrase, certain sentence constructions, certain ways of being. I felt like a different person, a hardliner, not confused or out of my depth as I had been when I’d been hanging around with Tony and the Scientologists. Instead I was contemptuous of those naive people who allowed themselves to be taken in by slick-tongued psychopaths, contemptuous of, for instance, Norman Mailer. In 1977, Mailer—who was working on The Executioner’s Song, about the recently executed convicted murderer Gary Gilmore—began corresponding with a tough Utah prisoner, a bank robber and murderer named Jack Henry Abbott. Mailer came to admire Abbott’s writing, and then to champion him when he was up for parole in 1981. “I love Jack Abbott for surviving and for having learned to write as well as he does,” Mailer wrote the Utah Board of Corrections.


pages: 239 words: 64,812

Geek Sublime: The Beauty of Code, the Code of Beauty by Vikram Chandra

Alan Turing: On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem, Apple II, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, British Empire, business process, conceptual framework, create, read, update, delete, crowdsourcing, don't repeat yourself, Donald Knuth, East Village, European colonialism, finite state, Firefox, Flash crash, glass ceiling, Grace Hopper, haute couture, iterative process, Jaron Lanier, John von Neumann, land reform, London Whale, Norman Mailer, Paul Graham, pink-collar, revision control, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Skype, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, supercomputer in your pocket, theory of mind, Therac-25, Turing machine, wikimedia commons, women in the workforce

I think, if I had enough money, I’d give up writing tomorrow.20 Here’s Abe Kobo on the subject: “The most enjoyable time is when I suddenly get the idea for my work. But when I start writing it is very, very painful … To write or commit suicide. Which will it be?”21 Joan Acocella: “Writing is a nerve-flaying job … Clichés come to mind much more than anything fresh or exact. To hack one’s way past them requires a huge, bleeding effort.”22 Norman Mailer: “I think nobody knows how much damage a book does to you except another writer. It’s hell writing a novel; you really poison your body doing it … it is self-destruction, it’s quiet self-destruction, civilized self-destruction.”23 Malcolm Cowley referred to the writing-is-hell whiners as “bleeders,” and thought that their suffering stemmed from their slow, overly self-critical method: “[They] write one sentence at a time, and can’t write it until the sentence before has been revised.”24 This is an attractive hypothesis, but it rather breaks down in the case of writers like Wolfe, who “habitually wrote for long hours, wrote rapidly, and turned huge manuscripts over to his publishers.”25 I’m a slow writer, but I’m quite content to leave sentences unrevised until the second or third draft, and I know quite well that my first draft will lack architectural coherence and shapeliness.

Pipher, Writing to Change the World, 81. 16. Tedd, “Hours of Hell and Anguish,” 95. 17. Ibid., 97. 18. West, Conversations with William Styron, 9. 19. Review, The Paris Review Interviews, III, 22. 20. Ingersoll and Ingersoll, Conversations with Anthony Burgess, 73. 21. Fisher, The Writer’s Quotebook, 18. 22. Acocella, “Blocked: Why Do Writers Stop Writing?,” 129. 23. Leeds, The Enduring Vision of Norman Mailer, 132. 24. Cowley, And I Worked at the Writer’s Trade, 191. 25. Tedd, “Hours of Hell and Anguish,” 99. 26. Ingalls Sr., Masson, and Patwardhan, The Dhvanyaloka of Anandavardhana with the Locana of Abhinavagupta, 120. 27. Matilal, “Vakroti and Dhvani: Controversies about the Theory of Poetry in the Indian Tradition,” 381. 28. Parashar and Rājaśekhara, Kāvyamīmāṃsā of Rājaśekhara, 149. 29.

PandoDaily (blog), July 2, 2013. http://pandodaily.com/2013/07/02/and-you-thought-sf-cabs-were-bad-bart-strike-is-crippling-fledgling-mid-market-tech-corridor/. Lampson, Butler W. “Guest Editorial.” Software: Practice and Experience 2, no. 3 (1972): 195–196. Lanier, Jaron. “The Suburb That Changed the World.” New Statesman, August 18, 2011. http://www.newstatesman.com/scitech/2011/08/silicon-valley-computer. Leeds, Barry H. The Enduring Vision of Norman Mailer. Bainbridge, WA: Pleasure Boat Studio, 2002. Leeming, David. The Oxford Companion to World Mythology. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. Leonard, Andrew. “Let My Software Go!” Salon.com, March 30, 1998. http://www.salon.com/1998/03/30/feature947788266/. Lippert, Eric. “Cargo Cultists, Part Three: Is Mort a Cargo Cultist?” Eric Lippert’s Blog: Fabulous Adventures in Coding, March 2, 2004. http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ericlippert/archive/2004/03/02/cargo-cultists-part-three-is-mort-a-cargo-cultist.aspx.


pages: 207 words: 64,598

To Show and to Tell: The Craft of Literary Nonfiction by Phillip Lopate

Charles Lindbergh, Columbine, desegregation, fear of failure, index card, Jane Jacobs, Joan Didion, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Nelson Mandela, Norman Mailer, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Republic of Letters, Ronald Reagan, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, urban planning, white flight

For me, the great adventure in reading nonfiction is to follow, as I say, a really interesting, unpredictable mind struggling to entangle and disentangle itself in a thorny problem, or even a frivolous problem that is made complex through engagement with a sophisticated mind. George Orwell reflecting on his ambivalence toward Gandhi, Robert Benchley meditating on his face, Seymour Krim on his failure, Susan Sontag on camp, Stendhal on love, Montaigne on experience, Norman Mailer on sex, Virginia Woolf on a room of one’s own, Loren Eiseley on brown wasps, Edmund Wilson on the development of socialist thought, Charles Lamb on married couples, Joan Didion on migraines, William Gass on the color blue. . . . None of these examples read like short stories or screenplays; they read like what they are: glorious thought excursions. I have purposely mixed longer, book-length tracts in with smaller essays, to reinforce the point that the pursuit of consciousness is not just the prerogative of the short-sprint personal essayist.

We should not be so in awe of invention; it can be a fairly cheap knack. We also need to recognize that some of our best recent writers were arguably better at nonfiction than fiction. Though they usually preferred to think of themselves as novelists, none of them ever created a character as vibrant as his/her nonfiction narrator, be it Mary McCarthy, George Orwell, James Baldwin, Gore Vidal, Norman Mailer (“Aquarius”), Susan Sontag, or Joan Didion. So nonfiction has nothing to apologize for. It can hold its head up high. * * * * Elias Canetti, I suppose, though some would argue he got it for his novel Auto-da-Fé. On the Necessity of Turning Oneself into a Character In personal essays and memoir, nothing is more commonly met than the letter I. I think it is a perfectly good word, one no writer should be ashamed to use.

vols. 1–2 Parker Tyler: Screening the Sexes, Magic and Myth in the Movies Pauline Kael: For Keeps Andrew Sarris: Confessions of a Cultist, Politics and Cinema Stanley Cavell: Pursuits of Happiness Music and Drama William Hazlitt: Hazlitt on Theatre George Bernard Shaw: Music in London, Our Theatres in the Nineties Hector Berlioz: Evenings with the Orchestra Max Beerbohm: Around Theatres Wayne Koestenbaum: The Queen’s Throat Margo Jefferson: On Michael Jackson John Jeremiah Johnson: Pulphead Charles Rosen: The Classical Style, The Romantic Generation Political and Social Writing Niccolò Macchiavelli: The Prince Mary Wollstonecraft: A Vindication of the Rights of Woman Edmund Burke: On Empire, Liberty, and Reform Alexis de Tocqueville: Democracy in America William Cobbett: Rural Rides Karl Marx: The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte Rebecca West: Black Lamb and Grey Falcon Antonio Gramsci: Letters from Prison George Orwell: The Road to Wigan Pier, Homage to Catalonia James Agee: Let Us Now Praise Famous Men Edmund Wilson: To the Finland Station Hannah Arendt: The Origins of Totalitarianism, The Human Condition Simone de Beauvoir: The Second Sex Eldridge Cleaver: Soul on Ice Michael Herr: Dispatches Norman Mailer: Armies of the Night Philosophical, Moral, Religious, and Other Treatises Marcus Aurelius: The Meditations Erasmus: In Praise of Folly, The Adages Pascal: Pensées Stendhal: On Love Friedrich Nietzsche: The Genealogy of Morals, Beyond Good and Evil Simone Weil: The Need for Roots, Waiting for God E. M. Cioran: The Temptation to Exist Gaston Bachelard: The Poetics of Space, The Poetics of Reverie Theodor Adorno: Minima Moralia Diaries and Notebooks Sei Shonagon: The Pillow Book Kenko: Essays in Idleness Samuel Pepys: The Diary of Samuel Pepys James Boswell: Journals Ralph Waldo Emerson: The Notebooks Edmond and Jules de Goncourt: Journals George Templeton Strong: The Diaries Franz Kafka: Diaries Anne Frank: The Diary of Anne Frank Victor Klemperer: I Shall Bear Witness Cesare Pavese: The Burning Brand Witold Gombrowicz: Diary, vols. 1–3 André Gide: Journals Letters Mme. de Sévigné: Letters to Her Daughter Alexander Pushkin: Collected Letters Lord Byron: Byron’s Letters and Journals John Keats: Selected Letters Gustave Flaubert: Selected Letters Vincent van Gogh: Dear Theo Franz Kafka: Letters to Milena Aphorisms, Thought Catch-Alls, and Similar Curiosities La Rochefoucauld: Maxims La Bruyère: Characters Robert Burton: The Anatomy of Melancholy Thomas Browne: The Urn Burial, Religio Medici Giacomo Leopardi: Pensieri Cyril Connolly (Palinaurus): The Unquiet Grave Yang Ye (editor): Vignettes from the Late Ming History Thucydides: The Peloponnesian War Herodotus: The Histories Edward Gibbon: The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Thomas Carlyle: The French Revolution Jules Michelet: Histories of France Washington Irving: A History of New York Jacob Burckhardt: The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy Henry Adams: History of the United States under Jefferson and Madison Francis Parkman: France and England in North America, The Oregon Trail Richard Hofstadter: The Age of Reform, Anti-Intellectualism in American Life Ferdinand Braudel: The Mediterranean Biographies Plutarch: Lives of the Greeks and Romans Giorgio Vasari: Lives of the Artists John Aubrey: Brief Lives Samuel Johnson: Lives of the English Poets James Boswell: Life of Samuel Johnson Elizabeth Gaskell: The Life of Charlotte Brontë Charles Sainte-Beuve: Portraits J.


pages: 122 words: 38,022

Kill All Normies: Online Culture Wars From 4Chan and Tumblr to Trump and the Alt-Right by Angela Nagle

4chan, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, affirmative action, anti-communist, battle of ideas, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, citizen journalism, crony capitalism, death of newspapers, Donald Trump, feminist movement, game design, Hacker Ethic, hive mind, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, mass immigration, moral panic, Nelson Mandela, Norman Mailer, Occupy movement, open borders, post-industrial society, pre–internet, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, Silicon Valley, The Wisdom of Crowds, WikiLeaks

The film tells the story of a narcissistic and sociopathic serial killer who watches pornography obsessively, is sexually violent to prostitutes, kills the homeless with relish and inflicts sexual torture on women in the novel so extreme it rivals de Sade in moral boundary pushing. Literary critic Daniel Fuchs has argued that the novel was part of a literary style, following on from Henry Miller and Norman Mailer, which used notions of transgression and sexual sovereignty from de Sade, and applied them as a form of rebellion and liberation through sexual aggression and violence. It is worth noting that one of the defenses made of American Psycho against its critics, during the debates sparked by its shocking sexual violence, was that the author had left some ambiguity at the end of the novel, suggesting that the events may have only been the crazed fantasies of the main character.

Just like the style of the rightist chan culture, interpretation and judgment are evaded through tricks and layers of metatextual self-awareness and irony. The cult of the moral transgressor as a heroic individual is rooted in Romanticism. But, as Simon Reynolds and Joy Press explore in their study of post-war rebel masculinity Sex Revolts, it was revived in twentieth-century countercultures. Norman Mailer posited the psychopath as a noble and transgressive figure in fiction. He saw the hipster (which had somewhat different connotations at the time to the beard oil-applying variety of today) as borrowing from the tradition of the noble psychopath of fiction in his disregard for social conventions and the mainstream, and perceived the fictional psychopath as a symbol of being freed from sexual, social and moral inhibitions.


pages: 598 words: 183,531

Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution - 25th Anniversary Edition by Steven Levy

air freight, Apple II, Bill Gates: Altair 8800, Buckminster Fuller, Byte Shop, computer age, computer vision, corporate governance, Donald Knuth, El Camino Real, game design, Hacker Ethic, hacker house, Haight Ashbury, John Conway, John Markoff, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, non-fiction novel, Norman Mailer, Paul Graham, popular electronics, RAND corporation, reversible computing, Richard Stallman, Silicon Valley, software patent, speech recognition, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, The Hackers Conference, Whole Earth Catalog, Y Combinator

He was a passenger on a special cruise to the Caribbean, a “science cruise” timed for the launch, and the boat was loaded with sci-fi writers, futurists, scientists of varying stripes, cultural commentators, and, according to Gosper, “an unbelievable quantity of just completely empty-headed cruise-niks.” Gosper was there as part of Marvin Minsky’s party. He got to engage in discussion with the likes of Norman Mailer, Katherine Anne Porter, Isaac Asimov, and Carl Sagan, who impressed Gosper with his Ping-Pong playing. For real competition, Gosper snuck in some forbidden matches with the Indonesian crewmen, who were by far the best players on the boat. Apollo 17 was to be the first manned space shot initiated at night, and the cruise boat was sitting three miles off Cape Kennedy for an advantageous view of the launch.

Wizards LOGO computer language, Life Long-distance blue box calls, Woz, Secrets, Secrets Long-Range Computer Study Group, Spacewar Lord British, Applefest, Applefest Losers and winners, Winners and Losers Losing, The Tech Model Railroad Club Loving Grace Cybernetics, Revolt in 2100 Lubeek, Olaf, The Third Generation M M&R Electronics, Woz MacHack chess program, Greenblatt and Gosper Machine Aided Cognition, Spacewar Machine language, The Hacker Ethic MacLISP, Greenblatt and Gosper Mailer, Norman, Life Make magazine, Afterword: 2010 Maker Faire festivals, Afterword: 2010 Mariott, Pat, Applefest Mark 4, The Wizard and the Princess Marketing, Frogger Markkula, Mike, Woz, Secrets Marsh, Bob, Every Man a God, Every Man a God, The Homebrew Computer Club, The Homebrew Computer Club, Tiny BASIC, Tiny BASIC, Tiny BASIC, Woz, Secrets Marx, Karl, Every Man a God Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), The Tech Model Railroad Club, The Hacker Ethic, The Midnight Computer Wiring Society, Life Master key, The Midnight Computer Wiring Society Mayan calendar hack, Spacewar McCarthy, John, The Tech Model Railroad Club, The Hacker Ethic, Spacewar, Spacewar, Greenblatt and Gosper, Life, Life, Revolt in 2100 McKenzie, John, The Tech Model Railroad Club, The Midnight Computer Wiring Society Melen, Roger, The Homebrew Computer Club, The Homebrew Computer Club Memorial Student Union (UM), Greenblatt and Gosper Memory boards, The Homebrew Computer Club, The Homebrew Computer Club design and production, The Homebrew Computer Club Merton, Louis, Life MICRO magazine, The Wizard and the Princess Micro-8 Newsletter, Tiny BASIC Microbooth, The Brotherhood Microprocessor, Every Man a God Microsoft, Frogger, Afterword: 2010 MIDAS assembler, The Midnight Computer Wiring Society, Winners and Losers Middle Earth trilogy, Life Midnight Computer Wiring Society, The Midnight Computer Wiring Society Midpeninsula Free University, Revolt in 2100 Milhon, Jude, Revolt in 2100, Revolt in 2100, The Homebrew Computer Club, Secrets, Secrets Minsky, Marvin, The Hacker Ethic, Spacewar, Spacewar, Greenblatt and Gosper, The Midnight Computer Wiring Society, Winners and Losers, Life, Life Minskytron, Spacewar, Spacewar Missile Command game, The Third Generation MIT hackers, Afterword: 2010 MITS Caravan, Tiny BASIC Moby Memory, Winners and Losers Model 33 teletype, Winners and Losers Model Instrumentation Telemetry System (MITS), Every Man a God, Every Man a God, Every Man a God, Tiny BASIC, Tiny BASIC, Tiny BASIC, Woz Modem, Secrets Modes, Greenblatt and Gosper Monopoly game, Frogger Moore, Fred, Every Man a God, The Homebrew Computer Club, The Homebrew Computer Club, The Homebrew Computer Club, Secrets Morby, Jacky, Frogger Motorola 6800 chip, Tiny BASIC Motorola microprocessors, Woz Mouse in the Maze game, Spacewar, The Wizard and the Princess Mouskattack game, The Third Generation Multi-format disk scheme, Applefest Multics, Winners and Losers, Winners and Losers Multiple Access Computing, Spacewar Mung (Mash Until No Good), The Tech Model Railroad Club Muppets, The, Frogger Music program, The Tech Model Railroad Club, The Hacker Ethic, Spacewar Music, of a Sort, The Homebrew Computer Club My Computer Likes Me (Albrecht), Revolt in 2100 Mystery House game, The Wizard and the Princess, The Brotherhood, Wizard vs.


pages: 162 words: 51,445

The Speech: The Story Behind Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. S Dream by Gary Younge

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, immigration reform, Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, Norman Mailer, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, urban decay, War on Poverty, white flight

Yet another read: “Our Body in Motion, Our Life on the Line, We Demand Freedom of Mind.” § § § Rustin had limited the speakers that day to just five minutes each and threatened to come on with a crook and haul them from the podium when their time was up. But they all overran, and given the heat—87 degrees at noon—and the humidity, the mood began to wane. “There was . . . an air of subtle depression, of wistful apathy which existed in many,” wrote Norman Mailer. “One felt a little of the muted disappointment which attacks a crowd in the seventh inning of a very important baseball game when the score has gone 11-3. The home team is ahead, but the tension is broken: one’s concern is no longer noble.” King was the last speaker. By the time he reached the podium, many in the crowd had started to leave. “I tell students today, ‘There were no Jumbotrons back then,’” Rachelle Horowitz, who as a young activist had organized transport to the march, told me.

They poured onto the Mall, some singing, others listening to the entertainers performing from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. Joan Baez (“We Shall Overcome” and “Oh Freedom”), Peter, Paul and Mary (“Blowin’ in the Wind”), and Bob Dylan (“Only a Pawn in Their Game”) kept the crowd entertained as it grew. By most accounts there was a raucous dignity to the occasion. Baez’s most striking memory is looking out “at all the church hats.” Writing in Esquire magazine, Norman Mailer recalled: “A deep blues went out from Washington in these hours: a revolutionary force existed in the land; it could move with violence, and it could move with discipline.” William Geoghegan, the assistant deputy attorney general, viewed the day on a television in the Pentagon’s war room, writes Euchner, and recalled: “When you see that crowd and the biracial content of it . . . I had to believe that it moved a lot of people and a lot of votes.


pages: 325 words: 99,983

Globish: How the English Language Became the World's Language by Robert McCrum

Alistair Cooke, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, British Empire, call centre, Charles Lindbergh, colonial rule, credit crunch, cuban missile crisis, Deng Xiaoping, Etonian, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, invention of movable type, invention of writing, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, jimmy wales, knowledge economy, Livingstone, I presume, Martin Wolf, Naomi Klein, Norman Mailer, Parag Khanna, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Republic of Letters, Ronald Reagan, sceptred isle, Scramble for Africa, Silicon Valley, Steven Pinker, the new new thing, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, transcontinental railway, upwardly mobile

: Schama, Rough Crossings, p. 17. 136 ‘When you have succeeded in dehumanising’: see Thomas Keneally, Lincoln (London, 2003). 136 ‘If the language of Uncle Remus’: Joel Chandler Harris, ‘Plantation Music’, Critic,3/5 (December 1883). 138 ‘The word jazz’: F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Crack-Up (New York, 1931), p. 16. 138 As the story goes: Edward Jablonski, Gershwin: A Biography (New York, 1998). 140 ‘the near burned-out, throttled, hate-filled dying affair’: Norman Mailer ‘Huckleberry Finn - Alive at 100’, New York Times Book Review, 9 December 1984. 140 He lists the Hip words: Norman Mailer, Advertisements for myself (New York, 1959). 140 Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains: quoted in William Safire (ed.) 141 Lend Me Your Ears: Great Speeches in History (New York, 2004), pp. 560-66. 142 Obama himself: Barack Obama, Dreams from My Father (New York, 2004), p. 437. 143 ‘No attempt needed. We go on our own’: Indian Express, 29 October 2008. 143 ‘the absolute clarity and simplicity’: Mark Danner, ‘Obama and Sweet Potato Pie’, New York Review of Books, 20 November 2008, p. 12. 143 I learned to slip back and forth’: Obama, Dreams from My Father, p. 392. 143 ‘the right man for a new and globalised age’: Jonathan Freedland, ‘The Improbable Journey’, Guardian, 6 November 2008. 144 Timothy Garton-Ash: ‘The USA Doesn’t Look to Europe as it Used to’, Guardian, 11 October 2009.

It’s possible to track the movement of a Globish word like ‘hip’ ‘riff, or ‘groovy’ from Harlem into the American mainstream through the work of a highly popular jazz – band leader, Cab Calloway, who turned ‘jive talk’ into a popular lyric, ‘Mister Hepster’s Jive Talk Dictionary’: If you want to learn the lingo: Jive from ABC to Zee, Get Hip with Mister Hepster’s Dictionaree. Cab Calloway popularized an extraordinary range of jive talk terms, from Hip, cat, chick and hype, to mellow, riff, square and groovy. In turn these terms were taken up by Louis Armstrong, the darling of young black and white American music lovers around the Second World War. One of the youthful veterans from this war, a young writer named Norman Mailer, became so obsessed with ‘the near burned-out, throttled, hate-filled dying affair between whites and blacks’, which he characterized as ‘still our great national love affair’, that in 1959 he decided to declare himself a ‘White Negro’. Rarely, in the long interaction of blacks and whites, had there been such a bizarre, or telling, formulation. Mailer had just returned from military service in the Pacific as an enlisted man.


pages: 913 words: 299,770

A People's History of the United States by Howard Zinn

active measures, affirmative action, agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, American ideology, anti-communist, Bartolomé de las Casas, Bernie Sanders, British Empire, clean water, colonial rule, death of newspapers, desegregation, equal pay for equal work, feminist movement, friendly fire, full employment, God and Mammon, Howard Zinn, illegal immigration, jobless men, land reform, Mercator projection, Mikhail Gorbachev, minimum wage unemployment, Monroe Doctrine, new economy, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, offshore financial centre, plutocrats, Plutocrats, profit motive, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Silicon Valley, strikebreaker, Telecommunications Act of 1996, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transcontinental railway, union organizing, Upton Sinclair, very high income, War on Poverty, Works Progress Administration

To give just one instance: combat crews in the air force in the European theater, going to the base movies between bombing missions, found two lines—an officers’ line (short), and an enlisted men’s line (very long). There were two mess halls, even as they prepared to go into combat: the enlisted men’s food was different—worse—than the officers’. The literature that followed World War II, James Jones’s From Here to Eternity, Joseph Heller’s Catch-22, and Norman Mailer’s The Naked and the Dead, captured this GI anger against the army “brass.” In The Naked and the Dead, the soldiers talk in battle, and one of them says: “The only thing wrong with this Army is it never lost a war.” Toglio was shocked. “You think we ought to lose this one?” Red found himself carried away. “What have I against the goddam Japs? You think I care if they keep this fuggin jungle?

The Destruction of Dresden. New York: Ballantine, 1965. Kahn, Herman. On Thermonuclear War. New York: Free Press, 1969. *Kolko, Gabriel. The Politics of War: The World and United States Foreign Policy, 1943–1945. New York: Random House, 1968. Lemisch, Jesse. On Active Service in War and Peace: Politics and Ideology in the American Historical Profession. Toronto: New Hogtown Press, 1975. Mailer, Norman. The Naked and the Dead. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1948. Miller, Douglas, and Nowak, Marion. The Fifties: The Way We Really Were. New York: Doubleday, 1977. Miller, Marc. “The Irony of Victory: Lowell During World War II.” Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Boston University, 1977. Mills, C. Wright. The Power Elite. New York: Oxford University Press, 1970. Minear, Richard H.

., 542, 543 Macdonald, Dwight, 420 McFarlane, Robert, 587 McGovern, George, 545, 553 McKay, Claude, 444 McKinley, William, 295, 299, 303, 304, 305–06, 312–13, 314, 320 McKinnon, Cynthia, 621 McKissick, Floyd, 464 MacLeish, Archibald, 414 McLoughlin, William G., 83–84 MacMichael, David, 618 McNamara, Robert, 475–76, 484, 550 McNaughton, John, 481, 499 McPherson, James, 194 Macune, Charles, 287 McVeigh, Timothy, 646, 649 Madison, Dolly, 110 Madison, James, 33, 91, 96, 97–98, 132, 632 Mahan, A. T., 298, 300 Maier, Pauline, 67–68 Mailer, Norman, 418–19 Main, Jackson, 80, 98 Malcolm X, 457–58, 461 Manning, Robert, 560–61 Marcos, Ferdinand, 572 Markham, Edwin, 324 Marshall, George, 422, 438 Marshall, Thurgood, 574, 548–49 Marshall Plan, 438 Martin, Luther, 91 Martineau, Harriet, 113 Martinez, Elizabeth, 616 Marx, Karl, 12, 242, 243, 250, 258, 293 Maryland, Colonial era, 34, 35, 44, 46, 47, 50, 57, 68, 82, 83 Mason, John, 14–15 Massachusetts: Colonial era 13–17 passim, 21, 47–54 passim, 65–67, 69–70, 71, 72, 78, 83, 91–95 labor (19th century), 222–23, 228–33, 234, 236, 241, 243–44 reform movements, 115, 119, 120–21 see also Boston Massachusetts Bay Colony, 13, 15–16, 47–48, 108–09 Mather, Cotton, 15 Matthews, Mary Musgrove, 109 Mattick, Paul, 395 Mayaguez incident, 551–54, 588 meatpacking industry, 253, 254, 308–09, 322, 330, 349 media censorship, 671–72 Mellon, Andrew, 384 Mellon, James, 255 Mencken, H.


pages: 1,073 words: 314,528

Strategy: A History by Lawrence Freedman

Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Anton Chekhov, Ayatollah Khomeini, barriers to entry, battle of ideas, Black Swan, British Empire, business process, butterfly effect, centre right, Charles Lindbergh, circulation of elites, cognitive dissonance, coherent worldview, collective bargaining, complexity theory, conceptual framework, corporate raider, correlation does not imply causation, creative destruction, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, defense in depth, desegregation, Edward Lorenz: Chaos theory, en.wikipedia.org, endogenous growth, endowment effect, Ford paid five dollars a day, framing effect, Frederick Winslow Taylor, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, information retrieval, interchangeable parts, invisible hand, John Nash: game theory, John von Neumann, Kenneth Arrow, lateral thinking, linear programming, loose coupling, loss aversion, Mahatma Gandhi, means of production, mental accounting, Murray Gell-Mann, mutually assured destruction, Nash equilibrium, Nelson Mandela, Norbert Wiener, Norman Mailer, oil shock, Pareto efficiency, performance metric, Philip Mirowski, prisoner's dilemma, profit maximization, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, Richard Thaler, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, shareholder value, social intelligence, Steven Pinker, strikebreaker, The Chicago School, The Myth of the Rational Market, the scientific method, theory of mind, Thomas Davenport, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Torches of Freedom, Toyota Production System, transaction costs, ultimatum game, unemployed young men, Upton Sinclair, urban sprawl, Vilfredo Pareto, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, Yogi Berra, zero-sum game

Persuasion grows more likely when campaigns face little opposition, when resistance is diminished, when well-placed sources provide simple and decisive cues, and when history intrudes on attentive citizens.”9 The New Politics The issue of the political use of language emerged out of the “new politics” of the 1960s. The events of 1968 turned out to serve the American Right more than the Left. This was in part because the upheavals on the campuses and the inner cities created a strong negative reaction that Republicans were able to exploit thereafter, and they were still trying to do so four decades later. Norman Mailer observed that year, while waiting for a civil rights leader to turn up for a press conference for which he was already forty minutes late, of how he had experienced a “very unpleasant emotion: ‘he was getting tired of Negroes and their rights.’ ”10 This led him to reflect that if he felt “even a hint this way, then what immeasurable tides of rage must be loose in America?” The “backlash” was already underway, directed not only at blacks but also at unpatriotic radicals, drug-taking hippies, and protesting students.

As with many other effective political communicators, he went back to Orwell’s famous 1946 essay on “Politics and the English Language,” which stressed the importance of plain English; brevity; avoiding pretentious, meaningless, and foreign words; and jargon. See http://www.orwell.ru/library/essays/politics/english/e_polit/. 9. Donald R. Kinder, “Communication and Politics in the Age of Information,” in David O. Sears, Leonie Huddy, and Robert Jervis, eds., Oxford Handbook of Political Psychology (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), 372, 374–375. 10. Norman Mailer, Miami and the Siege of Chicago: An Informal History of the Republican and Democratic Conventions of 1968 (New York: World Publishing Company, 1968), 51. 11. Jill Lepore, “The Lie Factory: How Politics Became a Business,” The New Yorker, September 24, 2012. 12. Joseph Napolitan, The Election Game and How to Win It (New York: Doubleday, 1972); Larry Sabato, The Rise of Political Consultants: New Ways of Winning Elections (New York: Basic Books, 1981). 13.

., 110–111, 506 Lehrer, Jonah, 601–602 Lenin, Vladimir Ilych biography of, 290 economic approaches of, 290–291 First World War and, 295 on guerilla warfare, 180 hegemony and, 329 Luxemburg on, 293 Marx and, 290, 297 on military strategy, 294, 332 party organization and, 289–293, 296–297, 331 revolution strategy of, 290–293, 296–297 Russian Revolution and, 294, 296–297 socialist movement and, 289–291 successors of, 298 Taylorism and, 465–466 Third International and, 297 on the working class, 291 Leo VI (Emperor of Byzantine), 72–73 Letter to a Hindu (Tolstoy), 347 Letters to a Frenchman on the Present Crisis (Bakunin), 275 Letters to a Young Activist (Gitlin), 413 Levison, Stanley, 358, 360 Levy, Carl, 280 Lewis, John, 381, 487–489 Liberal Party (Great Britain), 345 Liberation Management (Peters and Waterman), 547 Liberty League, 487 Liddell Hart, Basil on airpower, 647n11 attritional warfare and, 138 Beaufre and, 194 on Clausewitz, 204 First World War and, 134 Fuller and, 134–135, 137–138 on guerrilla warfare, 183 indirect approach and, 134, 137–139, 183, 211, 508, 556, 617, 704n8 Lawrence and, 183 legacy of, 507, 511, 556 limited war concept and, 134, 136–137 on maneuver warfare, 205 military strategies of, xii, 134–139, 202, 507–509 Sun Tzu and, 135–138 Liebknecht, Karl, 298, 305 Liebknecht, Wilhelm, 284 Lincoln, Abraham, 109–111, 244 Lind, William, 200, 225–227 Lippmann, Walter, 145, 337–341, 414 Lipton, Diana, 12 List, Friedrich, 96–97 Livy, 42–43 Lloyd, Henry, 74–75 Lonely Crowd, The (Reisman), 369 Long March (Mao Zedong), 184–185 Louis Philippe, 255–256 Luce, Duncan, 161–162, 514 Luce, Henry, 491 Ludendorff, Erich, 209–210 Luntz, Frank, 434–436, 688n8 Luther, Martin, 54 Luttwak, Edward, 72, 201–203, 211–212, 215, 704n8 Luxemburg, Rosa, 286–289, 293, 295, 298, 305 Lynd, Staughton, 397 Machiavelli, Niccolo Florentine society and, 50 on force and guile, 23, 50, 324, 614 on human nature, 52–53 influences on, 43 legacy of, 54, 232, 321, 330, 335, 455, 509 on loyalty, 51–52 on military strategy, 51–52 Milton’s incorporation of, 54, 57–58, 63, 617 Prince, The, 50, 52–53, 509, 614 on rulers’ self-interest, 49–50, 52–53 Machiavellians, The (Burnham), 335 Mackinder, Halford, 120–122 Madansky, Albert, 506 Maginot Line, 199–200 Mahan, Alfred Thayer, 116–118, 120–121, 126, 194 Mahan, Dennis, 109–110, 116 Mailer, Norman, 436 Mair, Andrew, 567–569 Malatesta, Errico, 276–277 Malaya, 188 Malcolm X, 391–393 Malkasian, Carter, 209 management. See business management Managerial Revolution, The (Burnham), 334, 491 Managing for Results (Drucker), 498 maneuver warfare, 199–206, 209–211, 242 Manhattan Project, 147–148 Manichaeism, 56–57 Mantel, Hilary, 607 Mao Zedong Chinese Communist Party, 183–185 guerrilla warfare and, 183–186, 191–192, 227, 400 legacy of, 186, 404 Little Red Book of, 394 Long March of, 184–185 public relations efforts of, 400 Sun Tzu and, 45, 185 March on Washington, 364 Marcuse, Herbert, 399, 415 Marighella, Carlos, 402 Marketing Warfare (Ries and Trout), 507–508 Marshall, Andrew, 215–216 Martin, Roger, 570 Marx, Karl on American Civil War, 262 anarchism and, 270 Bakunin and, 268, 270–272, 276, 474 biography of, 252 class struggle and, 253–254, 256–261, 283–284, 325, 583 Communist Manifesto and, 254, 256–257, 260–261, 270, 329 critiques of, 259–263, 284, 323, 329 Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon and, 258–259, 283 on electoral politics, 257, 283 First International and, 269–271 French Revolution and, 259, 617 legacy of, 252–253, 300, 320 Lenin and, 290, 297 on nationalism, 260 on the Paris Commune, 271–272 on petit bourgeoisie, 260 political philosophy of, 247, 251–261, 263, 272–274, 301 Revolutions of 1848 and, 253, 255–259 socialist movement and, 284–285 Stoppard’s depiction of, 267–268 Weber and, 302, 321 mass media and communication agenda setting and, 417–418 conformism and, 416–417 limits to the power of, 436 nonviolent direct action and, 352, 363–364 political strategy and, 438–439, 450–451 mass publics.


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Unreal Estate: Money, Ambition, and the Lust for Land in Los Angeles by Michael Gross

Albert Einstein, Ayatollah Khomeini, bank run, Bernie Madoff, California gold rush, clean water, corporate raider, Donald Trump, estate planning, family office, financial independence, Irwin Jacobs, Joan Didion, Maui Hawaii, McMansion, mortgage debt, Norman Mailer, offshore financial centre, oil rush, passive investing, pension reform, Ponzi scheme, Right to Buy, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, The Predators' Ball, transcontinental railway, yellow journalism

Though Wayne writes that she then moved into a hotel and left her post as Schenck’s mistress to play the same role for Skouras in 1953, the year of her breakout performances in Niagara and Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, she would still be photographed at Schenck’s home. Their bond was a strong one. Years later, she would tell the writer W. J. Weatherby about listening to Schenck’s stories: “He was full of wisdom like some great explorer,” she said. “I also liked to look at his face. It was as much the face of a town as of a man. The whole history of Hollywood was in it.” Norman Mailer took this up when he wrote his meditation on Monroe. “The likelihood is that Schenck and Monroe had, or at least also had, some sort of genuine friendship; if there was sex, it was not necessarily the first of the qualities he found in her. We are not going to know,” Mailer wrote. At age seventy-one, Joseph Schenck left Fox to manage its movie theater chains and the investments he’d made over many years in real estate, racetracks, and a Mexican casino.

New York: Viking Press, 1981. ——, and Jeffrey Hyland. The Estates of Beverly Hills: Holmby Hills, Bel-Air, Beverly Park. Beverly Hills, CA: Beverly Park Gatehouse, 1989. Longstreth, Richard W. City Center to Regional Mall: Architecture, the Automobile, and Retailing in Los Angeles, 1920–1950. Boston: MIT Press, 1997. Louvish, Simon. Cecil B. DeMille: A Life in Art. New York: Thomas Dunne, 2007. Mailer, Norman. Marilyn, A Biography. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1973. Mann, May. Jayne Mansfield: A Biography. New York: Pocket Books, 1974. Marion, Frances. Off with Their Heads! A Serio-Comic Tale of Hollywood. New York: Macmillan, 1972. McDougal, Dennis. The Last Mogul: Lew Wasserman, MCA, and the Hidden History of Hollywood. New York: Random House, 1998. ——. Privileged Son: Otis Chandler and the Rise and Fall of the L.A.


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Drink: A Cultural History of Alcohol by Iain Gately

barriers to entry, British Empire, California gold rush, corporate raider, delayed gratification, Deng Xiaoping, Edward Lloyd's coffeehouse, Fellow of the Royal Society, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, Haight Ashbury, Hernando de Soto, imperial preference, invisible hand, joint-stock company, Jones Act, Louis Pasteur, megacity, music of the spheres, Norman Mailer, Peace of Westphalia, post-work, refrigerator car, Ronald Reagan, South Sea Bubble, spice trade, strikebreaker, the scientific method, Tim Cook: Apple, trade route, traveling salesman, Upton Sinclair, V2 rocket, working poor

Animal House also made a bow in the direction of the Western cultural roots of drinking in its toga party scenes, in which Belushi appeared as Bacchus, with a wreath of ivy round his temples. Literature also continued to set a bad example. By the 1980s the reading lists for high school curricula were dominated by drinkers, including Poe, London, Hemingway, Fitzgerald, Faulkner, Steinbeck, O’Neill, Kerouac, Capote, Gregory Corso, Tennessee Williams, Norman Mailer, and Edward Albee. 72 In 1982, President Reagan appointed a commission to investigate drunk driving. The following year he broadcast its findings to the nation in a holiday season radio address. The statistics were horrifying: “We’ve lost more than a quarter of a million of our countrymen to drunk drivers in the last ten years. That’s five hundred every week, seventy every day, one every twenty minutes.”

See also gin Kaaba Kansas karaoke Keats, John Kennedy, Ted Kentucky Kerouac, Jack KGB khamriyya Khayyam, Omar Kilmarnock, Scotland King Scorpion Kipling, Rudyard Kirin Brewing Company Kissinger, Henry Kito, Hideaki Klaebisch, Otto Kohler, Charles Koran krausening Krug, Charles lager beers Lamb, Charles Langland, William Latter-day Saints Laurel Glen Winery Lavoisier, Antoine-Laurent Leeward Winery Leffe monastery Lett, David Lewis, Dioclesian Lewis and Clark expedition Lexington Gazette Liberty Ale Liberty Bowl Lightner, Candy Lincoln, Abraham Lindisfame Little Ice Age Livesey, Joseph Lloyd’s Coffee House Locke, John London, England London, Jack London Company of Distillers London Stock Exchange Longfellow, Henry Longworth, Nicholas Los Angeles, California Los ías de Muertos Lost Generation Louis Louisiana Lowry, Malcolm Lowther, Henry (Lord Lonsdale) LSD Ludwig Lull, Raymond Luther, Martin Lynch, Kermit Macarthur, John Macbeth (Shakespeare) Macedonia Macquarie, Lachlan Madeira Archipelago Madeira wines maenads Magellan, Ferdinand Mailer, Norman Maine maize Majoribanks, Campbell malaria Malt Lecture (Livesey) Mandeville, John Manet, Edouard Manhattan Island Manifest Destiny Manning, Thomas Mao Tse-tung Marcus Aurelius Marie Antoinette marijuana Mark Antony marketing of alcoholic products Marsden, Samuel Marseilles Martial Martinique Martyr, Justin Maryland Massachusetts Massachusetts Bay Company Massachusetts Council Massasoit Mather, Cotton Mather, Increase Matisse, Henri Maupassant, Guy de Max, Tucker Mayans Maytag, Fritz McCave, Eleanor McCoy, William S.


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The Stuff of Thought: Language as a Window Into Human Nature by Steven Pinker

airport security, Albert Einstein, Bob Geldof, colonial rule, conceptual framework, correlation does not imply causation, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, David Brooks, Douglas Hofstadter, en.wikipedia.org, experimental subject, fudge factor, George Santayana, Laplace demon, loss aversion, luminiferous ether, Norman Mailer, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, science of happiness, social intelligence, speech recognition, stem cell, Steven Pinker, Thomas Bayes, Thorstein Veblen, traffic fines, urban renewal, Yogi Berra

If an overuse of taboo words, whether by design or laziness, blunts their emotional edge, it will have deprived us of a linguistic instrument that we sometimes sorely need. And this brings me to the arguments on the pro-swearing side. To begin with, it’s a fact of life that people swear. The responsibility of writers is to give a “just and lively image of human nature,” and that includes portraying a character’s language realistically when their art calls for it. When Norman Mailer wrote his true-to-life novel about World War II, The Naked and the Dead, in 1948, he knew it would be a betrayal of his depiction of the soldiers to have them speak without swearing. His compromise with the sensibilities of the day was to have them use the pseudo-epithet fug. (When Dorothy Parker met him she said, “So you’re the man who doesn’t know how to spell fuck.”) Sadly, this prissiness is not a thing of the past.

Keysar, Boaz Khrushchev, Nikita kill killing Kim Jong Il, kinship metaphors Kipling, Rudyard Kitcher, Patricia Klein, Devrah knowing: a priori and a posteriori as having mutual knowledge Korean language Korff, Baruch Krebs, John Kripke, Saul Lakoff, George Lambek, Jim Langan, Michael language: combinatorial power of components of concreteness of as digital medium expanding perfect for reasoning as window into human nature see also language learning; semantics; syntax language acquisition, see language learning Language Instinct, The (Pinker) language learnability language learning as induction problem Linguistic Determinism and language of thought languages, see American Sign Language, Arabic language, Aymara language, Berber language, Chichewa language, Chinese language, Czech language, Danish language, Djirbal language, Dutch language, English language, French language, German language, Greek language, Hebrew language, Hungarian language, Igbo language, Indonesian language, Inuit languages, Italian language, Japanese language, Korean language, Papuan language, Portuguese language, Québecois French language, Russian language, Shona language, Spanish language, Tamil language, Tlingit language, Turkish language, Tzeltal language, Tzotzil language, Yiddish language, Yupik language Laplace’s Demon Larkin, Philip law Law & Order Lederer, Richard Lee, Peggy legalese Lehrer, Tom Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm Levin, Beth Levinson, Stephen Leviticus Lewis, C,S, Lewis, David Lexicon Branding Li, Peggy Lieberson, Stanley liff, meaning of Lillie, Beatrice limbic system Linguistic Determinism (Whorfian hypothesis) arguments against banal versions of and count-mass distinction defined on Eskimo words for snow interesting versions of radical versions of requirements for demonstrating linguistic relativity, see Linguistic Determinism (Whorfian hypothesis) literally literary metaphors conceptual metaphors contrasted with Lloyd, John locative construction gestalt-shift theory of idiosyncratic uses of learnability paradox universals and variation locative rule Locke, John logic “Logic and Conversation” (Grice) “love is a journey” metaphor “Love Me Two Times” (Doors) McCartney, Paul McCawley, James D. McClelland, James McCorduck, Pamela McGinn, Colin MacKay, Don Madison (name) magic, sympathetic magic, word Magritte, René Mailer, Norman Maledicta: The International Journal of Verbal Aggression malefactive man Manetos, Miltos Marcus, Ruth Barcan Market Pricing Marr, David Marvin (comic) Mary, Chico Marx, Groucho mass nouns mathematics: definitions in geometry mental arithmetic topology see also number (quantity) matter: continuous versus discrete count versus mass nouns for as extended in space maxims, conversational meaning: of artifact terms broad and narrow connotation and definitions denotation Extreme Nativism’s view of of natural-kind terms of personal names Radical Pragmatics’ view of reference and sense and sounds’ relation to theories of as in the world or in the head see also metaphors; polysemy meaning postulates memory: for form versus gist in language comprehension for lexical meaning mnemonics reminding similarity in working men: boys’ names difference from women regarding sex swearing among see also sex differences; women Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus (Gray) Mencken, H.


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Dreyer's English: An Utterly Correct Guide to Clarity and Style by Benjamin Dreyer

a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away, Albert Einstein, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, elephant in my pajamas, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, Jane Jacobs, Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, non-fiction novel, Norman Mailer, pre–internet, Ralph Waldo Emerson, The Death and Life of Great American Cities

Perhaps these sorts of errors seem obvious to you—particularly since we’re talking about them here and staring at them—but, as I said, they can slip right past you if you’re not paying attention. For instance, please hop back up a few paragraphs and take another look at the sentence that begins “Improperly attaching itself.” Yeah. Dangler. Here’s the opening sentence of Norman Mailer’s 1991 novel Harlot’s Ghost: On a late-winter evening in 1983, while driving through fog along the Maine coast, recollections of old campfires began to drift into the March mist, and I thought of the…Algonquin tribe who dwelt near Bangor a thousand years ago. Now, unless it’s the recollections driving through the fog, this sentence has a problem. How to fix it? Easy: On a late-winter evening in 1983, as I drove through fog along the Maine coast, recollections of old campfires began to drift into the March mist, etc., etc., etc.

You’re on relatively safe metaphorical ground referring to, say, the epicenter of a plague; a reference to Paris as the epicenter of classic cooking may not sit well on some stomachs. I myself don’t care much for fanciful uses of “epicenter,” mostly because I think that “center” does the job just fine. FACTOID If you use the word “factoid” to refer to a bite-size nugget of authentic information of the sort you’ll find in a listicle,*5 you’ll sadden those of us who hold to the word’s original meaning: According to Norman Mailer, who should certainly know as he was the one who invented the word in the first place, factoids are “facts which have no existence before appearing in a magazine or newspaper, creations which are not so much lies as a product to manipulate emotion in the Silent Majority.” That the Great Wall of China is visible from the Moon (or even from your plain-vanilla astronaut orbit) is a factoid, as are the existence of George Washington’s wooden teeth, the nationwide panic caused by Orson Welles’s “War of the Worlds” broadcast, and the execution by burning at the stake of Salem’s condemned witches.*6 FEWER THAN/LESS THAN Perhaps you’ve turned this distinction into a fetish.


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The Only Game in Town: Central Banks, Instability, and Avoiding the Next Collapse by Mohamed A. El-Erian

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Airbnb, balance sheet recession, bank run, barriers to entry, break the buck, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business cycle, capital controls, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Carmen Reinhart, carried interest, collapse of Lehman Brothers, corporate governance, currency peg, disruptive innovation, Erik Brynjolfsson, eurozone crisis, financial innovation, Financial Instability Hypothesis, financial intermediation, financial repression, fixed income, Flash crash, forward guidance, friendly fire, full employment, future of work, Hyman Minsky, If something cannot go on forever, it will stop - Herbert Stein's Law, income inequality, inflation targeting, Jeff Bezos, Kenneth Rogoff, Khan Academy, liquidity trap, Martin Wolf, megacity, Mexican peso crisis / tequila crisis, moral hazard, mortgage debt, Norman Mailer, oil shale / tar sands, price stability, principal–agent problem, quantitative easing, risk tolerance, risk-adjusted returns, risk/return, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, sharing economy, sovereign wealth fund, The Great Moderation, The Wisdom of Crowds, too big to fail, University of East Anglia, yield curve, zero-sum game

He just stayed there, putting his hands and arms up to protect as much of himself as he could. Initially surprised, most of those watching the fight judged what seemed to be Ali’s strategy to be a huge mistake. They were wrong. Rather, it was a risky move aimed at using the ropes to help dissipate the force of the blows Ali was receiving from Foreman—a tactic subsequently dubbed the rope-a-dope. Norman Mailer, the American writer and sometime boxer, described the strategy as follows: “Standing on one’s feet, it is painful to absorb a heavy body punch even when blocked with one’s arm. The torso, the legs and the spine take the shock. Leaning on the ropes, however, Ali can pass it along; the rope will receive the strain.”2 And it did, giving Ali optionality that would not have been otherwise available to him.

CHAPTER 34: VALUING LIQUIDITY AND OPTIONALITY 1. Mohamed A. El-Erian, “Global Tug of War Is Focus for Investors,” Financial Times, February 9, 2015, http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/1e0e8662-ac80-11e4-9d32-00144feab7de.html. CHAPTER 35: IN SUM 1. John Maynard Keynes, The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money (N.p.: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2014). 2. Norman Mailer, The Fight (New York: Vintage International, 1975). BY MOHAMED A. EL-ERIAN The Only Game in Town: Central Banks, Instability, and Avoiding the Next Collapse When Markets Collide: Investment Strategies for the Age of Global Economic Change ABOUT THE AUTHOR Author of the New York Times and Wall Street Journal bestseller When Markets Collide and winner of the Financial Times/Goldman Sachs Business Book of the Year, Mohamed A.


City: A Guidebook for the Urban Age by P. D. Smith

active transport: walking or cycling, Albert Einstein, Andrew Keen, augmented reality, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, British Empire, Broken windows theory, Buckminster Fuller, Burning Man, business cycle, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, colonial rule, congestion charging, cosmological principle, crack epidemic, double entry bookkeeping, edge city, Edward Lloyd's coffeehouse, en.wikipedia.org, Enrique Peñalosa, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Frank Gehry, garden city movement, global village, haute cuisine, income inequality, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invention of gunpowder, Jane Jacobs, John Snow's cholera map, Kevin Kelly, Kibera, Kickstarter, Kowloon Walled City, Masdar, megacity, megastructure, multicultural london english, mutually assured destruction, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, peak oil, RFID, smart cities, starchitect, telepresence, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, Thomas Malthus, trade route, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Victor Gruen, walkable city, white flight, white picket fence, young professional

to the Establishment, as well as an assertion of individuality amidst the anonymity of the metropolis. Although some cities provide surfaces for graffiti (‘permission graf’), generally it is illegal, a crime against property. In 1972, New York Mayor John Lindsay declared war on graf. In the following year he spent $10 million combating graffiti. But for some people, graf was more than mere vandalism. In 1974, Jon Naar and Norman Mailer’s seminal book The Faith of Graffiti was published. Mailer interviewed graf writers like Japan 1 and Cay 161 (tags included a nickname and the street number of writers).40 At this time, graf was in a transitional phase between tagging and ‘piecing’ (a tag outlined in a different colour, derived from ‘masterpiece’). Soon graf would evolve into something far more complex, involving cartoon characters, arrows, stars and a whole visual grammar of other signs.

With their distinctive black hatching, his haunting images are reminiscent of traditional woodblock prints. Their vivid primary colours – the hues of the body paint used by Brazil’s indigenous people – burn with a fierce brightness in the concrete jungle of São Paulo.45 The Faith of Graffiti In 1973, Jon Naar was commissioned to photograph New York graffiti for The Faith of Graffiti, written by Norman Mailer. Naar was surprised to find that the first graf writers he met were children of nine to twelve years old. But, as he points out, ‘they were, of course, New York children, wise beyond their years in their knowledge of the ways of the city’s streets, subways, and public places’. In two weeks he took over three thousand Kodachromes, of which just thirty-nine were used in the book. (In 2007 he published more of his remarkable images in The Birth of Graffiti.)

It is also enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the European Convention of Human Rights. 52. E. W. Kenworthy, ‘200,000 March for Civil Rights in Orderly Washington Rally’, New York Times (29 August 1963), 1; cited in Simon Hall, ‘Marching on Washington: The Civil Rights and Anti-War Movements of the 1960s’, in Matthias Reiss, ed., The Street as Stage: Protest Marches and Public Rallies since the Nineteenth Century (Oxford: OUP, 2007), 215. 53. Norman Mailer, The Armies of the Night: History as a Novel, the Novel as History (New York: 1994), 119–20, 122–3; cited by Hall, ‘Marching on Washington’, in Reiss (2007), 225. 54. George Orwell, The Road to Wigan Pier (San Diego; n.d.), 86–7; cited in Matthias Reiss, ‘Marching on the Capital: National Protest Marches of the British Unemployed in the 1920s and 1930s’, in Reiss (2007), 168; on the Jarrow march, see ibid., 149. 55.


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Genius: The Life and Science of Richard Feynman by James Gleick

Albert Einstein, American ideology, Arthur Eddington, Brownian motion, double helix, Douglas Hofstadter, Ernest Rutherford, gravity well, Gödel, Escher, Bach, Isaac Newton, John von Neumann, Menlo Park, Murray Gell-Mann, mutually assured destruction, Norbert Wiener, Norman Mailer, pattern recognition, Pepto Bismol, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman: Challenger O-ring, Ronald Reagan, Rubik’s Cube, Sand Hill Road, Schrödinger's Cat, sexual politics, Stephen Hawking, Steven Levy, the scientific method, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, uranium enrichment

Modern critics speak of the burden of the past and the anxiety of influence, and surely the need to innovate is an ancient part of the artist’s psyche, but novelty was never as crucial to the artist as it became in the twentieth century. The useful lifetime of a new form or genre was never so short. Artists never before felt so much pressure to violate such young traditions. Meanwhile, before their eyes, the world has grown too vast and multifarious for the towering genius of the old kind. Artists struggle to keep their heads above the tide. Norman Mailer, publishing yet another novel doomed to fall short of ambitions formed in an earlier time, notices: “There are no large people any more. I’ve been studying Picasso lately and look at who his contemporaries were: Freud, Einstein.” He saw the change in his own lifetime without understanding it. (Few of those looking for genius understood where it had gone.) He appeared on a literary scene so narrow that conventional first novels by writers like James Jones made them appear plausible successors to Faulkner and Hemingway.

., 72 Los Alamos, 3, 6, 8, 9, 49, 185–87, 190, 204–5, 216, 218 choice of site, 159–60 computing at, 164, 175–82, 190–91, 198, 201 postwar, 208–10, 212, 234 security, 161–62, 187, 191–92, 237 theoretical division, 165–66, 169, 172 Los Angeles Times, 437 Love in America (Cohn), 192 Lovingood, Judson A., 419 McAuliffe, Christa, 415 McCarran Immigration Act, 297 MacInnes, Duncan, 232 McLellan, William, 356 McMillin Theater (Columbia University), 252 McNair, Ronald, 415 McSherry, Rose, 263, 266 Magic City, The (Nesbit), 237 Magic Mountain, The (Mann), 134 Mailer, Norman, 326 Manhattan Project, see atomic bomb; Los Alamos Marchant calculator, see calculating machines Marshak, Robert, 256, 337–38, 411 Marshall Space Flight Center, 417, 426 Marx, Groucho, 9, 405 mass, 4–5, 99, 231, 239–40, 251, 262, 272, 283 Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 49, 51–91 curriculum, 66 cyclotron, 107 fraternities, 62–64, 69, 74, 117, 374 machine shops, 77–78 physics at, 53–56, 66–67, 79–80 Radiation Laboratory, 91, 136–38, 141, 158, 166, 209, 216, 234 senior theses, 82–83, 86 social life, 62–64 mathematics, 25, 47, 52, 83, 155, 235 in biology, 132 education, 399–401 Feynman and, 27, 32, 34–36, 102–5, 129, 182–83, 217–18 music and, 65 Nobel Prize and, 377 nonlinear, 164, 174, 178–81 partitions, 238 physics vs., 52–54, 56, 102–3, 145, 238 probability theory, 34, 166, 168–69, 197, 249 recreational, 34–36, 103–5 Maupertuis, Pierre-Louis Moreau de, 59, 61 Mautner, Leonard, 23, 34 Maxwell, James Clerk, 49, 101, 110–11, 118, 262, 368, 431 Maya, 292, 367 Mayhew, Nye, 62 Mayo Clinic, 195–96, 219 Mead, Carver, 434 Mead, Margaret, 287 medicine Feynman and, 125–27, 194–96, 402 scientific method in, 132–34, 194–96 tuberculosis, 133–35, 149–50 Melchior, Lauritz, 328 Melville, Herman, 319 Menge, Edward J. v.


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The Great Shark Hunt: Strange Tales From a Strange Time by Hunter S. Thompson

anti-communist, back-to-the-land, buy low sell high, complexity theory, computer age, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Francisco Pizarro, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, job automation, land reform, Mason jar, New Journalism, non-fiction novel, Norman Mailer, Ronald Reagan, urban decay, urban renewal, urban sprawl

We take whatever heroes come our way, and we're not inclined to haggle. Killy seems to understand this, too. He is taking advantage of a money-scene that never existed before and might never work again -- at least not in his lifetime or ours, and maybe not even next year. On balance, it seems unfair to dismiss him as a witless greedhead, despite all the evidence. Somewhere behind that wistful programmed smile I suspect there is something akin to what Norman Mailer once called (speaking of James Jones) "an animal sense of who has the power." There is also a brooding contempt for the American system that has made him what he is. Killy doesn't understand this country; he doesn't even like it -- but there is no question in his mind about his own proper role in a scene that is making him rich. He is his manager's creature, and if Mark McCormack wants him to star in a geek film or endorse some kind of skin-grease he's never heard of. . . well, that's the way it is.

After a savage, fire-sucking campaign we lost by only six (6) votes, out of 1200. Actually we lost by one (1) vote, but five of our absentee ballots didn't get here in time -- primarily because they were mailed (to places like Mexico and Nepal and Guatemala) five days before the election. We came very close to winning control of the town, and that was the crucial difference between our action in Aspen and, say, Norman Mailer's campaign in New York -- which was clearly doomed from the start. At the time of Edwards' campaign we were not conscious of any precedent. . . and even now, in calm retrospect, the only similar effort that comes to mind is Bob Scheer's 1966 ran for a US Congress seat in Berkeley/Oakland -- when he challenged liberal Jeffrey Cohelan and lost by something like two per cent of the vote. Other than that, most radical attempts to get into electoral politics have been colorful, fore-doomed efforts in the style of the Mailer-Breslin gig.

The Final Bell One thing that Ernest Hemingway had always told me was that it was a bad idea to get to know an active fighter and become interested in his career. Sooner or later he was going to get hurt in the ring, and beaten, and it would be an almost unbearable thing to see if he were a friend. -- George Plimpton, Shadow Box Well. . . I wondered why George never showed up in Las Vegas. Muhammad Ali is a friend of Norman Mailer's, too, and also Budd Schulberg's; along with most of the other big-time boxing writers who skipped the Spinks fight. I was too strung out on the simple horror of spending two weeks in the Las Vegas Hilton to understand anything more complex than fear, hunger and daytime TV, at the time, to grasp my own lack of sensitivity. And at first I thought it was some kind of monumental botch on my part.


pages: 280 words: 85,091

The Wisdom of Psychopaths: What Saints, Spies, and Serial Killers Can Teach Us About Success by Kevin Dutton

Asperger Syndrome, Bernie Madoff, business climate, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, delayed gratification, epigenetics, Fellow of the Royal Society, G4S, impulse control, iterative process, John Nash: game theory, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Nicholas Carr, Norman Mailer, place-making, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, theory of mind, ultimatum game

In it he seems to find nothing deeply meaningful or persistently stimulating, but only some transient and relatively petty pleasant caprices, a terribly repetitious series of minor frustrations, and ennui … Like many teenagers, saints [author’s emphasis], history-making statesmen, and other notable leaders or geniuses, he shows unrest: he wants to do something about the situation.” Harrington also quotes Norman Mailer: “[The psychopath] is an elite with the potential ruthlessness of an elite … His inner experience of the possibilities within death is his logic. So, too, for the existentialist … And the saint and the bullfighter and the lover.” The implications are intriguing. Is it possible, Harrington asks, that the saint and the psychopath somehow constitute two transcendental sides of the same existentialist coin?

Arthur, “Stress as a State of Anticipatory Vigilance,” Perceptual and Motor Skills 64, no. 1 (1987): 75–85, doi:10.2466/pms.1987.64.1.75. 7. Supersanity 1 Harrington cites some examples … See Alan Harrington, Psychopaths (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1972), 45. 2 “What he [the psychopath] believes he needs to protest against …” See Cleckley, The Mask of Sanity (St. Louis, MO: C. V. Mosby, 1941, 1976), 391, www.cassiopaea.org/cass/sanity_1.pdf. 3 “[The psychopath] is an elite with the potential ruthlessness of an elite …” See Norman Mailer, The White Negro, first published in Dissent (Fall 1957), www.learntoquestion.com/resources/database/archives/003327.html. 4 “whether we want to admit it or not …” See Harrington, Psychopaths, 233. 5 Saint Paul, as we know him now … For a detailed biography of Saint Paul and informed insights into his complex psychology, see A. N. Wilson, Paul: The Mind of the Apostle (New York: W. W. Norton, 1997). 6 “a total failure of political bravado …” See L.


pages: 522 words: 162,310

Fantasyland: How America Went Haywire: A 500-Year History by Kurt Andersen

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, animal electricity, anti-communist, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, augmented reality, back-to-the-land, Bernie Sanders, British Empire, Burning Man, California gold rush, Celebration, Florida, centre right, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, corporate governance, Credit Default Swap, David Brooks, delayed gratification, dematerialisation, disintermediation, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, Donner party, Downton Abbey, Edward Snowden, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, failed state, Ferguson, Missouri, God and Mammon, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, high net worth, illegal immigration, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, John von Neumann, Kickstarter, large denomination, Mark Zuckerberg, market fundamentalism, McMansion, Mikhail Gorbachev, Minecraft, moral panic, mutually assured destruction, new economy, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, placebo effect, pre–internet, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, smart meter, Snapchat, South Sea Bubble, Steve Jobs, Ted Kaczynski, the scientific method, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, trade route, transcontinental railway, urban renewal, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks, Y2K, young professional

As 1969 became 1970 in New Haven, a forty-one-year-old Yale professor was finishing his book about the new youth counterculture. Charles Reich was a former Supreme Court clerk now at Yale Law School, tenured at one of rationalism’s American headquarters. But hanging with the young people had led him to a midlife epiphany and apostasy. In 1966 he had started teaching a seminar called “The Individual in America,” for which he assigned fiction by Kesey and Norman Mailer. He was feeling it, and he decided to spend the next summer, the Summer of Love, in Berkeley. “Out here the atmosphere among the students is profoundly anti-intellectual,” he wrote from California to a friend, but “one can’t help admire some of their values….On Sundays the park is full of great sights and sounds…electric bands with such names as…Big Brother and the Holding Company, and The Grateful Dead.”

The anti-Establishment deliria came in both scary and blissful versions, as always—the way some Christians are premillennialists, counting on a violent and cleansing Armageddon now, while some are postmillennialists, imagining a peaceful redemption of the world. Both countercultural types were present at the March on the Pentagon to Confront the War Makers, the remarkable protests in Washington, D.C., in the fall of 1967, as the war approached its ferocious peak. In his book about those spectacles, The Armies of the Night, forty-four-year-old Norman Mailer wrote of “the generation [that] believed in LSD, in witches, in tribal knowledge, in orgy, in revolution,” how “now suddenly an entire generation of acid-heads seemed to have said goodbye to easy visions of heaven.” He described chants—“ ‘Out, demons, out—back to darkness, ye servants of Satan’ ”—and the circle of hundreds of protesters intending “to form a ring of exorcism sufficiently powerful to raise the Pentagon three hundred feet.”

His glamorous patrician wife was even younger, only thirty-one when she became First Lady, and one of his girlfriends was a real movie star, Marilyn Monroe, the ultimate sexual fantasy figure. But that projection of youth and extreme vitality was a fiction, a lie, a fantasy presented to the public: he was secretly very ill with osteoporosis and Addison’s disease, among others, and took painkillers, antianxiety drugs, sleeping pills, and stimulants. As JFK was about to be elected, Norman Mailer wrote that “America’s politics would now be also America’s favorite movie, America’s first soap opera, America’s best-seller.” Up until Kennedy, the wall between government and show business had been thick. His father had owned a movie studio, and not only did Jack pal around with Hollywood people, he agreed to go on stage at Madison Square Garden to receive the supersalacious “Happy Birthday, Mr.


pages: 901 words: 234,905

The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature by Steven Pinker

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, anti-communist, British Empire, clean water, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, conceptual framework, correlation coefficient, correlation does not imply causation, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, Defenestration of Prague, desegregation, epigenetics, Exxon Valdez, George Akerlof, germ theory of disease, ghettoisation, glass ceiling, Hobbesian trap, income inequality, invention of agriculture, invisible hand, Joan Didion, long peace, meta analysis, meta-analysis, More Guns, Less Crime, Murray Gell-Mann, mutually assured destruction, Norman Mailer, Peter Singer: altruism, phenotype, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Potemkin village, prisoner's dilemma, profit motive, QWERTY keyboard, Richard Feynman, Richard Thaler, risk tolerance, Robert Bork, Rodney Brooks, Saturday Night Live, social intelligence, speech recognition, Stanford prison experiment, stem cell, Steven Pinker, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, the new new thing, theory of mind, Thomas Malthus, Thorstein Veblen, twin studies, ultimatum game, urban renewal, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, Yogi Berra, zero-sum game

The other kind is made up of people who are predisposed to psychopathy only in certain circumstances, namely when they perceive themselves to be competitively disadvantaged in society and find themselves at home in a group of other antisocial peers. The possibility that some individuals are born with a weak conscience runs squarely against the doctrine of the Noble Savage. It calls to mind the old-fashioned notions of born criminals and bad seeds, and it was blotted out by twentieth-century intellectuals and replaced with the belief that all wrongdoers are victims of poverty or bad parenting. In the late 1970s Norman Mailer received a letter from a prisoner named Jack Henry Abbott, who had spent most of his life behind bars for crimes ranging from passing bad checks to killing a fellow prisoner. Mailer was writing a book about the murderer Gary Gilmore, and Abbott offered to help him get into the mindset of a killer by sharing his prison diaries and his radical critique of the criminal justice system. Mailer was dazzled by Abbott’s prose and proclaimed him to be a brilliant new writer and thinker—“an intellectual, a radical, a potential leader, a man obsessed with a vision of more elevated human relations in a better world that revolution could forge.”

Lord of the Flies (Golding) Lorenz, Konrad Los Angeles Times Lott, John “Lottery in Babylon, The” (Borges) Loury, Glenn Love Canal Low, Bobbie Lowie, Robert Lubinski, David luck, life paths and Lutz, Catherine Lyell, Charles Lykken, David McCarthy, Joseph McClelland, James McClintock, Martha McElroy, Wendy McGinnis, John McGue, Matt McGuinness, Diane Machiavelli, Niccolò Machiavellian traits MacKinnon, Catharine McVeigh, Timothy Madison, James Maeterlinck, Maurice Mahabharata Mailer, Norman Mallon,Ron Malthus, Thomas Man and Aggression (Montagu) Mansfield, Harvey Man Who Came to Dinner, The Mao Zedong Mapplethorpe, Robert March of Folly, The: From Troy to Vietnam (Tuchman) Marcos, Ferdinand Marcus, Gary Margaret Mead and Samoa (Freeman) Marr, David Martindale, Colin Marx, Karl Marx Brothers Marxism Masters, Roger materialism Mating Mind, The (Miller) Matrix, The Mayr, Ernst Mazursky, Paul Mead, Margaret Mealey, Linda media: images in stereotypes in violence and Mehler, Barry Melamid, Alexander Melzack, Ronald memory Mencken, H.


pages: 370 words: 100,856

Moonshot: The Inside Story of Mankind's Greatest Adventure by Dan Parry

Charles Lindbergh, en.wikipedia.org, low earth orbit, Norman Mailer, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, undersea cable, white flight

Beside them, fans blew air out into the auditorium.45 Each of them spoke before taking questions. One reporter asked Armstrong whether he believed the Moon would eventually become part of the civilised world; another wanted to know if he feared losing his private life after the mission. To a question about what he would be taking to the Moon, Neil wryly replied, 'If I had a choice, I would take more fuel.' After sitting through an array of arid answers, Norman Mailer wrote that Armstrong 'surrendered words about as happily as a hound allowed meat to be pulled out of his teeth'. While the reporters vainly searched for drops of emotion as if looking for water on the Moon, a few hundred yards away Gene Kranz and his team were beginning their final training session. The crew later gave many individual interviews before going home at the end of a 14-hour day – unaware of 1201 alarms that could be safely ignored.46 After flying back to the Cape on Monday 7 July, the men returned to the simulators, once again living a life of relative isolation.

Crouch (eds), Apollo: Ten Years Since Tranquility Base, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1979 Dr James Hansen, FirstMan, The Life of Neil Armstrong, Simon & Schuster, 2005 David Harland, The First Men on the Moon, Praxis Publishing, 2007 Edwin P. Hoyt, The Space Dealers: A Hard Look at the Role of Business in the U.S. Space Effort, The John Day Co., 1971 Chris Kraft, Flight, My Life in Mission Control, Plume, 2002 Gene Kranz, Failure Is Not an Option, Berkley, 2000 Norman Mailer, Of a Fire on the Moon, Little, Brown, 1970 Stephanie Nolen, Promised the Moon: The Untold Story of the First Women in the Space Race, Penguin Canada, Toronto, 2002 Rod Pyle, Destination Moon, Carlton Publishing Group, 2005 David West Reynolds, Apollo, The Epic Journey to the Moon, Tehabi, 2002 Robert Seamans, Project Apollo, The Tough Decisions, NASA, 2005 David Shayler, Disasters and Accidents in Manned Spaceflight, Praxis, 2000 Deke Slayton, Deke!


The Rough Guide to New York City by Martin Dunford

Anton Chekhov, Berlin Wall, Bonfire of the Vanities, Buckminster Fuller, buttonwood tree, car-free, Charles Lindbergh, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, clean water, colonial exploitation, colonial rule, desegregation, Donald Trump, East Village, Edward Thorp, Exxon Valdez, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, illegal immigration, Jane Jacobs, market bubble, Norman Mailer, paper trading, post-work, Saturday Night Live, sustainable-tourism, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, transcontinental railway, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, white flight, Yogi Berra, young professional

Further west, you’ll probably see small groups of excited fans taking photos at 66 Perry St, between Bleecker and West 4th Street, used as the exterior of Carrie’s apartment in Sex and the City (“Carrie’s Stoop”), while almost constant lines form outside lauded Magnolia Bakery at Bleecker and West 11th St (see p.295). The historic White Horse Tavern, over at West 11th St and Hudson, was frequented by Norman Mailer and Hunter S. Thompson among others, and is where legend claims Dylan Thomas had his last drink (see p.346); Jack Kerouac rented an apartment opposite. Between 1971 and 1973, John Lennon and Yoko Ono lived in relative obscurity at 105 Bank St, a block from the White Horse at Greenwich Street, before moving uptown (see p.193). 9 CHE L SE A Chelsea | squat grid of renovated tenements, rowhouses, and warehouses, Chelsea lies west of Broadway between 14th and 30th streets, though most consider the area between 14th and 23rd streets to be the heart of the neighborhood.

To explore the library, either walk around yourself or take one of the free tours (Mon– Sat 11am and 2pm, Sun 2pm), which last an hour and give a good all-round picture of the building, including the Map Room, which reopened to the public in December 2005 after a $5m renovation project. Tours start at the information desk in Astor Hall (the main lobby). The highlight of the library is the large, coffered 636-seat Reading Room on the third floor. Authors Norman Mailer and E.L. Doctorow worked here, as did Leon Trotsky during his brief sojourn in New York just prior to the 1917 Russian Revolution. It was also here that Chester Carlson came up with the idea for the Xerox copier and Norbert Pearlroth searched for strange facts for his “Ripley’s Believe It or Not!” cartoon strip in the famed research library – the largest with a circulating stock in the world.

The Brooklyn Historical Society (see p.224) 223 BROOKLY N | Downtown Brooklyn and around provides a very useful walking-tour map, also available at the Brooklyn Tourism and Visitors Center (see p.33). Downtown bankers and financiers began building brownstones here in the early nineteenth century, while writers flocked to the Heights after the subway opened in 1908; W.H. Auden, Carson McCullers, Truman Capote, Tennessee Williams, Norman Mailer, and Paul and Jane Bowles (pre-Morocco) all lived in the neighborhood. Although many single-family brownstones were divided into apartments during the 1960s and 1970s and the streets now feel fairly cosmopolitan – if a bit frumpier than you’d expect given what it costs to live here – Brooklyn Heights today is in many ways not much different from how it was a hundred years ago. The north edge, along Henry Street and Columbia Heights, is the oldest part of the neighborhood, where blocks are lined with Federal-style brick buildings.


Polaroids From the Dead by Douglas Coupland

dematerialisation, edge city, index card, mandelbrot fractal, Maui Hawaii, Menlo Park, Mikhail Gorbachev, Norman Mailer, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, upwardly mobile, urban planning

She had been denarrated and there seemed no other possible narrative arc to her life. No stencil. Marriage? Who would she have married—the president? A career? Been there; done that. In the end it seemed she was trying too hard to put a pleasant facade onto—nothingness. Her body had become a liability. She had become post-famous. She was first; maybe JFK was second; Elvis was third. Monroe, empty child of Los Angeles, blank screen, according to Norman Mailer, “free of history.” One local guidebook lists 23 separate addresses within Los Angeles where Monroe had lived since her birth. Monroe, not an accumulator by nature, lived in a blazing white, L-shaped red-tiled Spanish-style house furnished casually with junky, funky Mexicana furniture. It contains chunky pine tables, chairs and benches; serape blankets; “Hacienda” ’50s motel-type lamps, a small hi-fi in a suitcase with a folding chair next to it stacked with 331/3 records; a tri-level glass bar; a display wall surfaced in knotty pine.


pages: 131 words: 45,778

My Misspent Youth: Essays by Meghan Daum

haute couture, Joan Didion, Norman Mailer, rent control, Yogi Berra

Imposed on her world is a perpetual weary sunshine, gleaming rays reflected from Christ’s own well-flossed teeth. Yellow light surrounds her; she seems bathed in Parkay margarine. She has much to overcome. She must do her homework. She must try to get through at least some of the New York Times front section before turning to the Styles section. She must subtly manipulate her Jewish man into eating an occasional Cheez Whiz treat, into buying a Christmas tree. She must avoid being stabbed by Norman Mailer. She must avoid engaging women like Susan Sontag in philosophical debate—at this, as in arguments with any Barnard graduate, the shiksa will lose. The shiksa simply must know her place at the seder table. She must help clean up afterwards. She must try to stay sober. She must send the kids to Hebrew school as long as they also twirl the baton. Moreover she must learn to pronounce charoset as well as eat it.


The Kingdom of Speech by Tom Wolfe

Ada Lovelace, Alfred Russel Wallace, Bonfire of the Vanities, British Empire, complexity theory, Copley Medal, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, failed state, Isaac Newton, Nelson Mandela, Norman Mailer, Steven Pinker, Thomas Malthus

., a brave intellectual willing to leave the office, go to the streets, and take part in antiwar demonstrations. The pressure on figures like Chomsky, who was only thirty-eight, was intense. He did his part, left the building, and marched in the most publicized demonstration of all, the March on the Pentagon in 1967. He proved he was the real thing. He got himself arrested and wound up in the same cell with Norman Mailer,109 who was an “activist” of what was known as the Radical Chic variety. A Radical Chic protester got himself arrested in the late morning or early afternoon, in mild weather. He was booked and released in time to make it to the Electric Circus, that year’s New York nightspot of the century, and tell war stories. Chomsky founded an organization called Resist and got himself arrested so many times that his wife was afraid MIT would finally get tired of it and can him.


pages: 184 words: 54,833

Why Orwell Matters by Christopher Hitchens

anti-communist, British Empire, colonial rule, deindustrialization, Etonian, hiring and firing, land reform, Louis Pasteur, Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, Norman Mailer, nuclear winter, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, sensible shoes

Reviewing The Heart of the Matter, and finding Major Scobie to be an implausible character both from the theological and matrimonial point of view, he concluded rather feelingly: ‘And one might add that if he were the kind of man we are told he is — that is, a man whose chief characteristic is a horror of causing pain — he would not be an officer in a colonial police force.’ The Burmese days stayed with him until the end.) Mary McCarthy, a great admirer of Orwell’s, once confessed, in her book The Writing on the Wall, that she had always secretly feared something. His unbending anti-Communism, she suspected, would have prevented him from joining her in opposing the American war in Vietnam. (In interviews at the time, both Noam Chomsky and Norman Mailer gave Orwell as authority for their militant anti-war positions.) I once had the honour of telling Ms McCarthy why I thought they were right and she was wrong about this; it seems obvious from the record that Orwell was for decolonization without conditions, and that he saw clearly the imperial-successor role that the United States was ambitious to play. Remaining doubts on this score are also dispelled by a letter he wrote to the Duchess of Atholl in November 1945.


pages: 190 words: 52,570

The Planets by Dava Sobel

Albert Einstein, Colonization of Mars, Dava Sobel, Edmond Halley, Eratosthenes, friendly fire, Isaac Newton, Johannes Kepler, Kuiper Belt, music of the spheres, Norman Mailer, Thales of Miletus

New York: Henry Holt, 1979. Levy, David H. Clyde Tombaugh: Discoverer of Planet Pluto. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1991. ——. Comets: Creators and Destroyers. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998. Lewis, C. S. Poems. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1964. Light, Michael. Full Moon. New York: Knopf, 1999. Lowell, Percival. Mars. London: Longmans, Green, 1896. (Elibron Classics Replica Edition.) Mailer, Norman. Of a fire on the moon. Boston: Little, Brown, 1969. Maor, Eli. June 8, 2004: Venus in Transit. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000. Miller, Anistatia R., and Jared M. Brown. The Complete Astrological Handook for the Twenty-first Century. New York: Schocken, 1999. Miner, Ellis D., and Randii R. Wessen. Neptune: The Planet, Rings and Satellites. Chichester, UK: Springer-Praxis, 2001.


Lint by Steve Aylett

death of newspapers, Mahatma Gandhi, Norman Mailer, rolodex, Schrödinger's Cat

Patton 4, 93–95 Koryagina, Tatyana 60, 170 Kourbelas, Neil 105 KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation Manual 145 Kubrick, Stanley 95 Kutna Hora 184 Laffoley, Paul 197 “Last Beauty” 53 Lenin, Vladimir 29 “Lenny Burns His Bridges and Is Not Bailed Out” 35 “Lenny Turns Violent” 35 “Lenny Will Never Be More Than a Somewhat Gifted Barber” 35 Less, Jane 133 03.ch21-bm.lint 3/18/05 4:05 PM Page 217 LINT “Liberation Belly—an Odyssey into the Belly of the Belly” 34 Lievense, Corney 79 Limbaugh, Rush 108 Lincoln, Abraham 99 Lint: a Collection 126 Lint, Carol 6, 9, 14, 17, 19, 161–162 Lint, Grandpa 7 Lint, Howard 6–7 Lint, Jeff: and alligators 162 and ants 19, 45 and badgers 130 and bats 18 and bears 6, 19, 29, 30, 77, 81 and bees 92 and birds 17, 19, 46, 80, 143, 160 and blowflies 82 and buffalo 181, 191 and bunnies 83 and butterflies 171 and caterpillars 84 and cats 5, 39, 40, 56–61 and cattle 167 and chickens 9, 134, 160 and chimps 25, 92, fn. 3 and cows 10, 178, 181, 182 and crows 80 and crustaceans 63, 126, 143 and dinosaurs 3, 19 and dogs 7, 33, 41, 47, 57, 79, 83, 102, 125 and donkeys 78 and doves 29 and earwigs 66 and eels 11, 17, 44, 158 and elephants 4, 89–90 and fish 21, 61, 160, 181, 197 and fleas 114 and flies 58, 82, 152 and frogs 191 and giraffes 130, 160 and goats 134 and gorillas 19 and grasshoppers 18 and hedgehogs 51, 76, 188 and hens 23, 25, 35–36, 167 and hippos fn. 17 and hyenas 129 and insects 19, 51–53 and kangaroos 8 and leopards 51 and lions 160, 182 and lobsters 24, 41, 51, 175 and mice 135, 146, 138 and midges 150 and millipedes 151 and monkeys 69, 94, 139 and moths 79, 80 and newts 143, 151 and octopi 13, 161 and orangutans 41 and otters 93 and parrots 3, 52–53, 56 and penguins 6 and pigs 41, 83 and platypuses 164 and porpoises 166 and prairie dogs 50 and pythons 141 and rats 142 and sardines 18 and seals 42 and sharks 66, 83, 162, 196 217 03.ch21-bm.lint 218 3/18/05 4:05 PM Page 218 STEVE AYLETT and sheep 68 and slugs 168 and snails 23 and spiders 52, 80, 109, 140, 143, 150 and stick insects 141 and stinkbugs 160 and suction eels 158 and swans 15, 57 and swordfish 9, 181 and tigers 36, 104 and tortoises 124 and turtles 39 and whales 140 and worms 140 Lint’s magic bullet 99–102 Lint wedges 110–111, 148, 170 Lippy the Lion 59 “Lipstick and Shells” 127 Lissitsky, Ordal 28 “Look Out—Bellies” 34 “Look Out—Jellies” fn. 8 Looting of Heaven 8 Los Angeles Free Press 155 Los Angeles Times 25, 138, 167 Lowman, Robin 59 Lumumba, Patrice 102 Madero, Francisco 100 Made-Up Stories 29 Maggoty Stories 29, 30 “Magnificent Stallion Humiliation” 35 Mailer, Norman 107, fn. 13 Maine Catholic Record 25 Make a Wish Piranha 78 Malden, Karl 95 “Mannequin Heart” 58 Man Who Gave Birth to His Arse, The 5, 53, 107, 114, 180, 190, 195–198 “Man with the Stupid Arm, The” 23–24 “Marching Orders: Imposed Authority in the Catty 4” 59 Marginal Yarns 29 Marvel 161 “Mashed Drug Mutants” 126 Mask of Disapproval 45 Mauve Enforcer, The 136 Maximum Tentacles 29 McCarthy, Joe 29 McCollum, Arthur 12 McCurry, Mike 32 McGee, Thomas D’Arcy 99 McKinley, William 99 McLaren, Malcolm 144 Meandering Tales 29 Melody Maker 155 Menard, Pierre 8 Mental Stories 29 Merton, Thomas 142 “Microdestiny” 46 “Middle-distance Hate Decision” 16 Milwaukee Museum 47 “Mister Flabby Cheeks Shouts Trash” 190 Mitrione, Dan 168–169 Monstrous Poet 27, 189 Moorcock, Michael 109 Moorer, Thomas 59 Morgan, Cindy 163 Morrison, Grant 134 Mr.


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All the Money in the World by Peter W. Bernstein

Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, Bill Gates: Altair 8800, call centre, Charles Lindbergh, corporate governance, corporate raider, creative destruction, currency peg, David Brooks, Donald Trump, estate planning, family office, financial innovation, George Gilder, high net worth, invisible hand, Irwin Jacobs: Qualcomm, Jeff Bezos, job automation, job-hopping, John Markoff, Long Term Capital Management, Marc Andreessen, Martin Wolf, Maui Hawaii, means of production, mega-rich, Menlo Park, Mikhail Gorbachev, new economy, Norman Mailer, PageRank, Peter Singer: altruism, pez dispenser, popular electronics, Renaissance Technologies, Rod Stewart played at Stephen Schwarzman birthday party, Ronald Reagan, Sand Hill Road, school vouchers, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, the new new thing, Thorstein Veblen, too big to fail, traveling salesman, urban planning, wealth creators, William Shockley: the traitorous eight, women in the workforce

When Saul Steinberg’s twenty-five-year-old daughter38, Laura, married thirty-four-year-old Loews scion Jonathan Tisch in 1988,*17 they threw a $3 million wedding replete with searchlights shining out of the stained-glass windows of the Central Synagogue on Lexington Avenue in Manhattan; the Steinbergs’ antiques decorated the inside of the house of worship. After the service, guests assembled at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, where a reception was held at the Egyptian Temple of Dendur. Wedding guests such as Norman Mailer and Barbara Walters39 were entertained by a Brazilian band on stilts; the wedding cake soared ten feet into the air. The following year40, when Steinberg turned fifty, his third wife, Gayfryd (one of the most slavishly covered socialites of the 1980s and early 1990s), threw a million-dollar party at which models, one of them nude, posed as figures from Steinberg’s favorite old-master paintings.

,” Forbes.com, Sept. 21, 2006. 36. A 2000 Gallup poll: Theodore Spencer, “What Does Trump Really Want?” Fortune, Apr. 3, 2000. 37. In the late nineteenth century: Vanderbilt, Fortune’s Children, p. 110. 38. When Saul Steinberg’s twenty-five-year-old daughter: Leslie Eaton, “Selling the Farm, Park Avenue Style; For a Pair of Socialites, It’s Out with the Ormolu,” New York Times, May 27, 2000. 39. Wedding guests such as Norman Mailer and Barbara Walters: Leslie Eaton, “The Steinbergs’ Fixer-Upper,” New York Observer, Apr. 1, 2002. Also Judith H. Dobrzynski, “Books: Lifestyles of the Rich and Shameless,” BusinessWeek, Nov. 13, 1989. 40. The following year: Joseph N. DiStefano, “Life Is Grand,” Philadelphia Inquirer, Dec. 16, 2001. 41. Malcolm Forbes understood the appeal: Alan Riding, “Tangier Journal: As in Old Days, the Jet Set Comes in for a Landing,” New York Times, Aug. 21, 1989. 42.


Poking a Dead Frog: Conversations With Today's Top Comedy Writers by Mike Sacks

Bernie Madoff, Columbine, hive mind, index card, iterative process, Norman Mailer, period drama, Ponzi scheme, pre–internet, Saturday Night Live, Upton Sinclair

But we would have various athletic contests, generally beginning at four in the morning. There were sprints down Second Avenue, for example. It got more macho as the evening progressed. I remember [the film director and screenwriter] James Toback trying to perform some push-ups and running out of steam. The restaurant’s owner, Elaine Kaufman, said, “Put a broad under him.” Is it true that, in the late sixties, you got into a fistfight with Norman Mailer? Yes, at a party he was holding at his town house in Brooklyn Heights. Mailer was looking for a fight. Instead of getting mad, I patted him on his head and said, “Now, now, Norman. Let’s behave.” We made our way to the street, and a crowd formed. We circled each other and we tussled a bit. Eventually he dropped to the ground. I helped him up and he embraced me—but he then bit me on the shoulder.

In other words, I kind of conceded early that I wasn’t going to be a scholar of literature. I wasn’t going to be somebody who’d read and was synthesizing everything ever written. I was too far behind already. But I’d find a writer I loved and read him over and over, and copy him, and then read his favorite writers and so on. I was surprised to learn that there are quite a few writers, like yourself, who also studied engineering: Thomas Pynchon, Kurt Vonnegut, and Norman Mailer, among others. It might just be that an unconventional background liberates you from knowing the proper way of doing a thing. If you train ten people in a method, and the eleventh comes along untrained, he’s going to be off step, and maybe—maybe—this will be to his benefit. So when I look at other writers my age, I am struck by how different my life was from theirs when we were in our twenties.


pages: 330 words: 59,335

The Outsiders: Eight Unconventional CEOs and Their Radically Rational Blueprint for Success by William Thorndike

Albert Einstein, Atul Gawande, Berlin Wall, Checklist Manifesto, choice architecture, Claude Shannon: information theory, collapse of Lehman Brothers, compound rate of return, corporate governance, discounted cash flows, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Gordon Gekko, intangible asset, Isaac Newton, Louis Pasteur, Mark Zuckerberg, NetJets, Norman Mailer, oil shock, pattern recognition, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Richard Feynman, shared worldview, shareholder value, six sigma, Steve Jobs, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions

During the 1960s and into the early 1970s, the cable industry exhibited very rapid growth, with subscriber counts growing over twentyfold, as rural communities across the country sought better reception of television signals for their favorite channels and programs. Cable television customers paid monthly and rarely disconnected, making the business highly quantifiable and allowing experienced executives to forecast customer growth and profitability with remarkable precision. This was a near-perfect fit with Malone’s background, which was unusually quantitative. To paraphrase Norman Mailer, it was a case of Superman coming to Supermarket. . . . Malone was born in 1941 in Milford, Connecticut. His father was a research engineer and his mother a former teacher. Malone idolized his father, who traveled five days a week visiting plants for General Electric. As a teenager, he exhibited early mechanical ability and made pocket money buying, refurbishing, and selling used radios. He was athletic and competed in fencing, soccer, and track in high school.


pages: 1,433 words: 315,911

The Vietnam War: An Intimate History by Geoffrey C. Ward, Ken Burns

anti-communist, bank run, Berlin Wall, clean water, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, European colonialism, friendly fire, Haight Ashbury, land reform, Mahatma Gandhi, mutually assured destruction, Norman Mailer, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, South China Sea, War on Poverty

“They have decided they are going to march on the amphitheater,” Jack Perkins of ABC News reported, “despite police determination to stop them short.” From the bedroom of their ranch in Stonewall, Texas, the Johnsons watch the chaos in Chicago unfold on television. Left to right: Luci Johnson Nugent, staffer Tom Johnson, unknown, Linda Johnson Robb, the president, and Lady Bird Johnson The novelist Norman Mailer was looking on from the nineteenth-floor of the hotel when “the police attacked with tear gas, with mace and with clubs. They attacked like a chain saw cutting into wood, the teeth of the saw the edge of their clubs, they attacked like a scythe through grass, lines of twenty and thirty policemen striking out in an arc, the clubs beating, demonstrators fleeing. [The police cut] through the crowd one way, then cut through them another.

., 7.1 Logan Act (1799) Logevall, Fredrik Lo Khac Tam, itr.1, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 10.1, epl.1 London, 1.1, 6.1 London Times Long An Province, 6.1, 7.1, 7.2 Long Binh, 6.1, 7.1, 7.2, 8.1, 8.2, 9.1 Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 8.1, 8.2 Long Island University Lon Nol Look Los Angeles, Calif., 5.1, 10.1, epl.1 Louisiana Louisiana State University Lowenstein, Allard, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3 Lowry, William Lozada, Carlos Luong Toan Ly Tong Ba MacArthur, Douglas, 4.1, 5.1 Macauley, Robert Mad Dogs (antiwar militants) Maddox, USS, 3.1, 3.2 Mailer, Norman Mai Ly Main Force (NLF), 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 5.1, 6.1, 6.2, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 8.1, 8.2, 8.3, 8.4 casualties of in combined offensive, 5.1, 5.2 in Tet attack on Hue, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4 in Tet attack on Saigon in Tet Offensive Ninth Division, 3.1, 4.1, 6.1 271st Regiment 272nd Regiment Malaya, 1.1, 2.1, 3.1 Malaysia, 3.1, 10.1, epl.1 Malcolm X Manchester, N.H., 5.1 Manfull, Melvin Mansfield, Mike, 1.1, 2.1, 3.1, 4.1, 6.1, 10.1 Mansfield Center Mao Zedong, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 4.1, 8.1, 9.1 “March of Death,” 8.1, 8.2 March on the Pentagon, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 7.1 marijuana, 8.1, 8.2 Marine Amphibious Force Marine Corps Hymn, The Marine Reserves, U.S., 7.1, 7.2, 7.3 Marines, U.S., itr.1, itr.2, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7, 4.8, 4.9, 4.10, 4.11, 4.12, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 5.7, 5.8, 5.9, 5.10, 5.11, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5, 6.6, 6.7, 6.8, 6.9, 6.10, 6.11, 6.12, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 7.4, 7.5, 8.1, 8.2, 8.3, 8.4, 9.1, 9.2, 10.1, 10.2, 10.3, 10.1, epl.1 casualties suffered by in Con Thien siege, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3 Danang landing of, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 4.1, 10.1, 10.2, 10.3 Ninth Amphibious Brigade in Saigon evacuation, 10.1, 10.2, 10.3, 10.4, 10.5, 10.6, 10.7 Third Amphibious Force Third Regiment Twenty-sixth Regiment Vietnam buildup of see also specific divisions Marin Junior College Maritime Zone Marketplace Massacre, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3 Marlantes, Karl, itr.1, 5.1, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 7.4, 9.1, epl.1 Marm, Walter, Jr.


pages: 218 words: 61,301

War Is a Force That Gives Us Meaning by Chris Hedges

anti-communist, index card, Norman Mailer, Ronald Reagan

Boston: Faber & Faber, 1986. Lasch, Christopher. The Culture of Narcissism. New York: W. W. Norton, 1979. LeShan, Lawrence. The Psychology of War. New York: Helios, 1992. Levi, Primo. The Drowned and the Saved (I Sommersi e i Salvati). London: Abacus, 1991. ———. Survival in Auschwitz (Se questo è un uomo). New York: Collier, 1987. Loyd, Anthony. My War Gone By, I Miss It So. London: Doubleday, 1999. Mailer, Norman. The Naked and the Dead. London: Panther, 1984. Manchester, William. Goodbye Darkess: A Memoir of the Pacific War. New York: Dell, 1980. Manning, Frederic. The Middle Parts of Fortune. London: Penguin, 2000. Marshall, S. L. A. Men Against Fire. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2000. Melville, Herman. Moby-Dick. New York: W. W. Norton, 1967. Morante, Elsa. History: A Novel (La Storia).


pages: 628 words: 170,668

In the Shadow of the Moon: A Challenging Journey to Tranquility, 1965-1969 by Francis French, Colin Burgess, Walter Cunningham

Berlin Wall, British Empire, Charles Lindbergh, Isaac Newton, Norman Mailer, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, X Prize

With probably the driest, most self-deprecating wit of any astronaut, he managed to combine what many of his colleagues never could: immense piloting and engineering capability with the perception of an outsider. He’d later say that he became an astronaut through “one part shrewd logic and nine parts blind luck; . . . it’s a peculiar twist of circumstances that got me here.” Quiet and unassuming while in the astronaut corps, he’d prove to be the most talented writer of the astronauts after he left. Novelist Norman Mailer would sum him up in three words: “Collins was cool.” His coolheadedness would be an advantage for the mission ahead. For the first time, an American manned mission was not scheduled for an early morning launch. Instead, the crew would lift off just before dusk. As a result, Young and Collins found themselves under instructions from Deke Slayton to “keep partying” until at least two o’clock on their launch day.

The differences in the crew personalities were also very evident to the media. Aldrin would write that “we seemed so dull that invention was sometimes necessary to attract readers and listeners.” With press interest in the first moon landing at fever pitch, reporters were hoping for a commander who could meet their preconceptions of the first person to walk on another world. Instead, they got Neil Armstrong. Pulitzer Prize–winning novelist Norman Mailer, very much an outsider to the world of the space program, decided to write a book about Apollo 11 at the time of the flight. He did his best to jump into nasa’s world, and what he saw puzzled him deeply. He attended press conferences where, despite the exciting subject matter, he observed an uneasy crew and a near-bored press. He saw Armstrong as “extraordinarily remote,” with no discernible personality for the press to write anything interesting about.


pages: 262 words: 65,959

The Simpsons and Their Mathematical Secrets by Simon Singh

Albert Einstein, Andrew Wiles, Benoit Mandelbrot, cognitive dissonance, Donald Knuth, Erdős number, Georg Cantor, Grace Hopper, Isaac Newton, John Nash: game theory, Kickstarter, mandelbrot fractal, Menlo Park, Norbert Wiener, Norman Mailer, P = NP, Paul Erdős, probability theory / Blaise Pascal / Pierre de Fermat, Richard Feynman, Rubik’s Cube, Schrödinger's Cat, Simon Singh, Stephen Hawking, Wolfskehl Prize, women in the workforce

I do not start with the numbers any more than a mechanic starts with a monkey wrench. I start with the game, with the things that I see there and the things that people say there. And I ask: Is it true? Can you validate it? Can you measure it?” Year after year, James witnessed a growing readership for his Baseball Abstract, as like-minded number crunchers realized that they had discovered a guru. The novelist and journalist Norman Mailer became a fan, as did the baseball fanatic and actor David Lander, who played Squiggy on the TV show Laverne and Shirley. One of James’s youngest fans was Tim Long, who would go on to join the writing team of The Simpsons, write the script for “MoneyBART,” and feature a copy of one of James’s books alongside Lisa Simpson. Further Observations About the Murky World of Statistics “He uses statistics as a drunken man uses a lamppost—for support rather than illumination.”


pages: 196 words: 65,045

Art of Creative Nonfiction: Writing and Selling the Literature of Reality by Lee Gutkind, Purba

Columbine, Donald Trump, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, friendly fire, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, Joan Didion, Mason jar, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, Ronald Reagan

Bryan The Corpse Had a Familiar Face, Edna Buchanan In Cold Blood, Truman Capote The White Album, Joan Didion Pilgrim at Tinker Creek, Annie Dillard This House of Sky, Ivan Doig The Broken Cord, Michael Dorris The Studio, John Gregory Dunne The Great Plains, Ian Frasier Page 158 Appendix 4 The Last Shot, Darcy Frey Colored People, Henry Louis Gates The Shadow Man, Mary Gordon Stuck in Time, Lee Gutkind Blue Highways, William Least Heat Moon Dispatches, Michael Herr All Creatures Great and Small, James Herriot Hiroshima, John Hersey Far-Flung Hubbell, Sue Hubbell Liar's Club, Mary Karr House, Tracy Kidder Not Necessarily a Benign Procedure, Perri Klass There Are No Children Here, Alex Kotlowitz Cowboy, Jane Kramer Invasive Procedures, Mark Kramer The Balloon Lady and Other People I Know, Jeanne Marie Laskas Hunting the Whole Way Home, Sidney Lea Arctic Dreams, Barry Lopez Common Ground, J. Anthony Lukas The Executioner's Song, Norman Mailer The Journalist and the Murderer, Janet Malcolm The Snow Leopard, Peter Matthiessen Mornings on Horseback, David McCullough Fatal Vision, Joe McGinniss Page 159 Helpful Information Up in the Old Hotel, Joseph Mitchell The Lost Childhood, Yehuda Nir The Hottest Water in Chicago: Notes of a Native Daughter, Gayle Pemberton Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance, Robert M. Pirsig Paper Lion, George Plimpton Second Nature, Michael Pollan Mr.


Rethinking Camelot by Noam Chomsky

anti-communist, Berlin Wall, cuban missile crisis, Fall of the Berlin Wall, fear of failure, Howard Zinn, land reform, Monroe Doctrine, Norman Mailer, Paul Samuelson, Ronald Reagan

The film, Stone informed the National Press Club, suggests that Kennedy was assassinated “because he was determined to withdraw from and never send combat troops to Vietnam” (that he was “withdrawing from Vietnam” and “had committed himself firmly...to oppose the entry of U.S. combat troops” has been “unequivocally” demonstrated, Stone added, citing Arthur Schlesinger and John Newman). At a Town Hall (New York) forum sponsored by the Nation, Norman Mailer told an enthusiastic audience that “If Kennedy was going to end the war in Vietnam, he had to be replaced. Lyndon Johnson was the man to do it.” Stone’s film presents the “overarching paradigm” for all further inquiry into the assassination, Mailer went on, though not the complete solution to the mysteries surrounding this “huge and hideous event, in which the gods warred and a god fell,” a cosmic tragedy that casts its pall over all subsequent history.


pages: 197 words: 67,764

The Wichita Lineman: Searching in the Sun for the World's Greatest Unfinished Song by Dylan Jones

Donald Trump, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, Kickstarter, Norman Mailer, pre–internet, Ronald Reagan, South China Sea

You know, I thought that was good, but then when I started getting into the Jimmy Webb end of everything I was just “wow”. It really opened my eyes up.’ ‘One thing you must admit is that [Phoenix] has a beginning, a middle and an end,’ said Webb. ‘It tells a story with a certain clarity and pathos. And that would be my description of a songwriter’s job. And we don’t have much time to do it! We don’t have as much time as Norman Mailer had to write Ancient Evenings. It used to be two and a half minutes, then three, then after The Righteous Brothers’ “You’ve Lost That Lovin’ Feeling” they said we could have a bit more. Then of course Richard [Harris] and I came along and busted that all to hell with “MacArthur Park”.’ When Campbell was interviewed by the New York Times later in the year, he said, ‘A change has come over country music lately.


pages: 709 words: 191,147

White Trash: The 400-Year Untold History of Class in America by Nancy Isenberg

A. Roger Ekirch, back-to-the-land, British Empire, California gold rush, colonial rule, Copley Medal, desegregation, Donald Trump, feminist movement, full employment, indoor plumbing, invisible hand, joint-stock company, land reform, land tenure, mass immigration, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Republic of Letters, Ronald Reagan, Scientific racism, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, theory of mind, trade route, transcontinental railway, trickle-down economics, upwardly mobile, urban renewal, War on Poverty, working poor, Works Progress Administration

Other political observers saw Carter as the “new roots” of a new South, because he was not a redneck; see James Wolcott, “Presidential Aesthetics: You’ve Seen the Movie (‘Nashville’), Now Meet the Candidate—Jimmy Carter,” Village Voice, January 19, 1976. 28. Roy Blount Jr., Crackers: This Whole Many Angled Thing of Jimmy, More Carters, Ominous Little Animals, Sad Singing Women, My Daddy and Me (New York: Knopf, 1980), 210, 221. Norman Mailer wrote about the campaign film shown at the Democratic convention that covered the parodies of Carter’s famous smile (such as Alfred E. Neuman on the cover of Mad Magazine); see Norman Mailer, “The Search for Carter,” New York Times Magazine, September 26, 1976, 20–21, 69–73, 88–90, esp. 69. And there was even an Associated Press news story on Carter’s dentist, see Fred Cormier, “That Famous Carter Grin Doesn’t Need Toothpaste,” Ocala Star-Banner, February 7, 1980. 29. On Carter’s tenacity for his roots, see John Dillin, “Jimmy Carter: Forces in His Life,” Boca Raton News, August 1, 1976 (reprinted from the Christian Science Monitor); Robert D.


What Makes Narcissists Tick by Kathleen Krajco

Albert Einstein, anti-communist, British Empire, experimental subject, Norman Mailer, risk/return

OperationDoubles.com © 2004 – 2007, Kathleen Krajco — all rights reserved worldwide. Meet the Narcissist: A Wolf in Sheep's Clothing 189 Need I say it? He then tried to get into Cuba through Mexico but couldn't, because the Soviets wouldn't allow it for a long time, till just a few days before the assassination. He basically answered that it was too late now. He had never said word one against President Kennedy. In his book on Oswald, Norman Mailer writes: There is whole consensus that he saw JFK as, relatively speaking, a good President, and he liked him. What does Mailer conclude? Instead of questioning his assumptions in the light of this contradiction, Mailer twists logic to arrive at the conclusion that Oswald's motivation nonetheless was political. Try the obvious and likely explanation, please! Sorry. Oswald's politics were fake.

No narcissist does. They all are shallow as a puddle because they care about nothing but their image. A 15-year-old becomes a Marxist? And at 17 this Marxist joins the US Marines in 1956? Then he gets out on the excuse that he wants to go home to take care of the beloved mother he hates? But goes to the USSR instead? But comes back to the US? But tries to get into Cuba? What does Oswald have to do to show Norman Mailer that his politics are insincere? That he's a phony? That his act is just for show. All show, no substance. Yikes, some folks can be dense. And so, that's how far narcissists will go for a hit of what they're addicted to. It's a matter of © 2004 – 2007, Kathleen Krajco — all rights reserved worldwide. OperationDoubles.com 190 What Makes Narcissists Tick · how desperate frustrated efforts have made them · what they think they can get away with.


pages: 195 words: 70,193

Frommer's Portable San Diego by Mark Hiss

car-free, East Village, Golden Gate Park, Irwin Jacobs: Qualcomm, Maui Hawaii, Norman Mailer

It also stocks crystals, New Age music, incense, and jewelry. 3063 University Ave., North Park. & 619/296-1560. www. controversialbookstore.com. Mon–Fri 10am–7pm; Sat 10am–6pm; Sun 11am–5pm. D.G. Wills Books This bookstore has tomes stacked to its wood rafters—if you’re looking from something scholarly, offbeat, or esoteric, this place is for you. Over the years this La Jolla treasure has Barnes & Noble 156 CHAPTER 7 . SHOPPING hosted readings by such powerhouses as Norman Mailer, Gore Vidal, Allen Ginsberg, and Maureen Dowd. 7461 Girard Ave., La Jolla. & 858/456-1800. www.dgwillsbooks.com. Mon–Sat 10am– 7pm; Sun 11am–6pm. Obelisk Bookstore This is San Diego’s main gay and lesbian bookstore. You’ll find every gay magazine there is, as well as gay-themed movies for rent on DVD and video. It’s also a clearinghouse for info on local LGBT events. 1029 University Ave., Hillcrest. & 619/2974171.


pages: 237 words: 74,966

The Sociopath Next Door by Martha Stout

Albert Einstein, estate planning, long peace, longitudinal study, Mahatma Gandhi, Milgram experiment, Nelson Mandela, Norman Mailer, risk tolerance, Rosa Parks, twin studies

Someone who is unfettered by conscience can easily make us feel that our lives are tediously rule-bound and lackluster, and that we should join him in what is typically represented as a more meaningful or exhilarating form of existence. Beginning with Eve and the serpent, our history books and our classic fiction are filled with tales of people who have been taken in and sometimes destroyed by the slick talk and magnetism of risk takers and evildoers—Dickie Greenleaf and the talented Mr. Ripley, Samson and Delilah, River City and Harold Hill, Trilby and Svengali, Norman Mailer and Jack Henry Abbott, Empress Alexandra and the seemingly immortal Rasputin. And from our own lives, we have memories of brushes with such people that send little cold chills up our spines. That is, if we are lucky we have had only brushes. The unfortunate must live with the indelible memories of outright personal catastrophes that occurred when they fell victim to the charm of the shameless.


pages: 260 words: 78,229

Without Conscience: The Disturbing World of the Psychopaths Among Us by Robert D. Hare

delayed gratification, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, longitudinal study, Norman Mailer, twin studies

Psychopaths’ lack of remorse or guilt is associated with a remarkable ability to rationalize their behavior and to shrug off personal responsibility for actions that cause shock and disappointment to family, friends, associates, and others who have played by the rules. Usually they have handy excuses for their behavior, and in some cases they deny that it happened at all. JACK ABBOTT GAINED prominence in the news when writer Norman Mailer helped the inmate with the publication of his book, In the Belly of the Beast: Letters from Prison. Abbott gained not only fame from his association with the well-known novelist and political figure; he gained his freedom as well. Shortly after his parole, Abbott got into an altercation with a waiter in a New York restaurant who had asked Abbott to leave. Abbott balked, and the two wound up behind the restaurant, where Abbott slipped a knife into the unarmed waiter, Richard Adan, wounding him fatally.


pages: 261 words: 71,798

Dangerous Personalities: An FBI Profiler Shows You How to Identify and Protect Yourself From Harmful People by Joe Navarro, Toni Sciarra Poynter

Bernie Madoff, business climate, call centre, Columbine, delayed gratification, impulse control, Louis Pasteur, Norman Mailer, Ponzi scheme, social intelligence, Steve Jobs, Ted Kaczynski

This is one reason recidivism rates are so high; predators lie to get out of prison promising to behave, and then they go right back to committing crimes. Jack Henry Abbott, in prison for forgery and for stabbing a fellow inmate to death, became the darling of the writing glitterati when he wrote about his experiences being incarcerated (In the Belly of the Beast: Letters from Prison). He persuaded acclaimed writer Norman Mailer to argue for his early release. The parole board was convinced by Mailer’s pleadings and acquiesced. Six weeks into his parole, Abbott stabbed a man to death at a café because, as he later said, the man “stared” at him for too long. All those who had advocated for Abbott’s early release were shocked that someone so masterful with words could also kill. They shouldn’t have been. Words coupled with acts of kindness can be very appealing.


pages: 287 words: 77,181

Asymmetry by Lisa Halliday

Desert Island Discs, double helix, Norman Mailer, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, stem cell

“Oh,” said Alice, looking down unhappily. “No no; it’s not an imperfection. There’s no such thing as a matching pair.” “Like snowflakes?” suggested Alice. “Like snowflakes,” he agreed. • • • From his stomach all the way up to his sternum ran a pink, zipperlike scar. Another scar bisected his leg from groin to ankle. Two more made a faint circumflex above his hip. And that was just the front. “Who did this to you?” “Norman Mailer.” While she was tugging up her tights, he got up to turn the Yankees game on. “Ooh, I love baseball,” said Alice. “Do you? Which team?” “The Red Sox. When I was little, my grandmother used to take me to Fenway every year.” “Is she still alive, your grandmother?” “Yep. Would you like her number? You’re about the same age.” “It’s a little early in our relationship for you to be satirizing me, Mary-Alice.”


pages: 230 words: 79,229

Respectable: The Experience of Class by Lynsey Hanley

Berlin Wall, cuban missile crisis, David Brooks, delayed gratification, Etonian, full employment, housing crisis, illegal immigration, invisible hand, liberation theology, low skilled workers, mutually assured destruction, Neil Kinnock, Norman Mailer, Own Your Own Home, Right to Buy, Ronald Reagan, strikebreaker, upwardly mobile, Winter of Discontent

They were perfectly aware that not wanting to share the indignity of fetid festival toilets left them wide open to being called hypocrites, but they had the means to avoid the discomfort and were buggered if they were going to deny themselves. The Manics also quoted Arthur Scargill, the combative mineworkers’ leader, on the sleeve of one of their singles: ‘My father still reads the dictionary every day. He says that your life depends on your power to master words.’ They took this quote as an article of faith, echoing it in the improbable chorus to ‘Faster’, their 1994 Top 20 hit, which name-checked Norman Mailer, Sylvia Plath and Harold Pinter. If you were from a certain kind of world, to grow up in the eighties and nineties and succeed in learning how to spell represented another victory over dark forces. Any residual belief that pop music still represents a meritocratic route for talent to prevail can’t, alas, be sustained given the current landscape. The music journalist Simon Price highlighted the fact that, at one point in 2011, seven of the top ten British albums were by performers who had been privately educated.


pages: 245 words: 72,893

How Democracy Ends by David Runciman

barriers to entry, basic income, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, blockchain, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, centre right, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, Dominic Cummings, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, first-past-the-post, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, full employment, Internet of things, Joseph Schumpeter, Kickstarter, loss aversion, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, money: store of value / unit of account / medium of exchange, mutually assured destruction, Network effects, Norman Mailer, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Peter Thiel, quantitative easing, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Steven Pinker, The Wisdom of Crowds, Travis Kalanick, universal basic income, Yogi Berra

These are things politics should leave up to us. Nozick makes his point with a list: Wittgenstein, Elizabeth Taylor, Bertrand Russell, Thomas Merton, Yogi Berra, Allen Ginsberg, Harry Wolfson, Thoreau, Casey Stengel, The Lubbavitcher Rebbe, Picasso, Moses, Einstein, Hugh Hefner, Socrates, Henry Ford, Lenny Bruce, Baba Ram Das, Gandhi, Sir Edmund Hillary, Raymond Lubitz, Buddha, Frank Sinatra, Columbus, Freud, Norman Mailer, Ayn Rand, Baron Rothschild, Ted Williams, Thomas Edison, H. L. Mencken, Thomas Jefferson, Ralph Ellison, Bobby Fischer, Emma Goldman, Peter Kropotkin, you and your parents: Is there really one kind of life that is right for all these people?82 Nozick thinks the mistake utopians make is to assume that their idealised society will work for everyone. No matter how it works or who designs it, some people are bound to loathe it.


pages: 691 words: 203,236

Whiteshift: Populism, Immigration and the Future of White Majorities by Eric Kaufmann

4chan, affirmative action, Amazon Mechanical Turk, anti-communist, anti-globalists, augmented reality, battle of ideas, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Boris Johnson, British Empire, centre right, Chelsea Manning, cognitive dissonance, complexity theory, corporate governance, correlation does not imply causation, crowdsourcing, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, David Brooks, deindustrialization, demographic transition, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, facts on the ground, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, first-past-the-post, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Haight Ashbury, illegal immigration, immigration reform, imperial preference, income inequality, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, liberal capitalism, longitudinal study, Lyft, mass immigration, meta analysis, meta-analysis, moral panic, Nate Silver, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, open borders, phenotype, postnationalism / post nation state, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Republic of Letters, Ronald Reagan, Scientific racism, Silicon Valley, statistical model, Steven Pinker, the built environment, the scientific method, The Wisdom of Crowds, transcontinental railway, twin studies, uber lyft, upwardly mobile, urban sprawl, Washington Consensus, white flight, working-age population, World Values Survey, young professional

Mencken and the bohemian ‘Lost Generation’ of American intellectuals such as F. Scott Fitzgerald. All associated the Anglo-Protestant majority with Prohibition, deemed WASP culture to be of no value, and accused the ethnic majority of suppressing more interesting and expressive ethnic groups. The Lost Generation’s anti-majority ethos pervaded the writing of 1950s ‘Beat Generation’ left-modernist writers like Norman Mailer and Jack Kerouac – who contrasted lively black jazz or Mexican culture with the ‘square’ puritanical whiteness of Middle America. As white ethnics assimilated, the despised majority shifted from WASPs to all whites. The multiculturalism of the 1960s fused the Liberal Progressive pluralist movement with the anti-white ethos of the Beat counterculture. THE RESTRICTIONIST INTERREGNUM, 1924–1965 The Johnson–Reed Act and its alter ego, pluralism, are recognizably modern.

As the prominent scholar of American ethnic relations Nathan Glazer put it: ‘In the later ’20’s the Quota Act took its toll, then the depression began and nobody wanted to come, so for a long time American public opinion lived in the consciousness and expectation that America was completed … No one expected that America would again become an immigrant society.’45 In 1952, the McCarran–Walter Act was passed after President Truman’s veto was overridden by a 2:1 margin in Congress. This reaffirmed the National Origins quotas of the 1924 Johnson–Reed Act. Beneath the surface, however, pluralism was making inroads into the national conversation. The Second World War helped bind Protestants, Catholics and Jews together in common cause. The Goodwill movement’s spirit of trans-religious accommodation in the 1920s and 1930s was reflected in wartime novels such as Norman Mailer’s The Naked and the Dead or James Jones’s From Here to Eternity, which depicted the nation’s inter-faith (though not racial) diversity. Pluralists also managed to reposition the Statue of Liberty from its original basis as an emblem of renewed Franco-American cooperation into a symbol of immigration and pluralism. An 1883 poem, ‘The New Colossus’, by a Russian-Jewish émigré, Emma Lazarus, referenced the American asylum tradition in its lines, ‘Give me your tired, your poor / Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, / The wretched refuse of your teeming shore. / Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, / I lift my lamp beside the golden door!’


pages: 361 words: 81,068

The Internet Is Not the Answer by Andrew Keen

"Robert Solow", 3D printing, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, Airbnb, AltaVista, Andrew Keen, augmented reality, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, bitcoin, Black Swan, Bob Geldof, Burning Man, Cass Sunstein, citizen journalism, Clayton Christensen, clean water, cloud computing, collective bargaining, Colonization of Mars, computer age, connected car, creative destruction, cuban missile crisis, David Brooks, disintermediation, disruptive innovation, Donald Davies, Downton Abbey, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Filter Bubble, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Frank Gehry, Frederick Winslow Taylor, frictionless, full employment, future of work, gig economy, global village, Google bus, Google Glasses, Hacker Ethic, happiness index / gross national happiness, income inequality, index card, informal economy, information trail, Innovator's Dilemma, Internet of things, Isaac Newton, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, Joi Ito, Joseph Schumpeter, Julian Assange, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, Kodak vs Instagram, Lean Startup, libertarian paternalism, lifelogging, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, Martin Wolf, Metcalfe’s law, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Nate Silver, Nelson Mandela, Network effects, new economy, Nicholas Carr, nonsequential writing, Norbert Wiener, Norman Mailer, Occupy movement, packet switching, PageRank, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Paul Graham, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer rental, Peter Thiel, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Potemkin village, precariat, pre–internet, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Metcalfe, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Skype, smart cities, Snapchat, social web, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, TaskRabbit, Ted Nelson, telemarketer, The Future of Employment, the medium is the message, the new new thing, Thomas L Friedman, Travis Kalanick, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, Uber for X, uber lyft, urban planning, Vannevar Bush, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks, winner-take-all economy, working poor, Y Combinator

If Kodachrome was designed as an unsparingly honest window, then Instagram is its reverse, a complimentary mirror “where,” as Sarah Nicole Prickett, writing in the New York Times, observes, “the grass looks greener.”13 That’s its greatest seduction. So rather than accurately capturing the world’s moments in all their colorful complexity, Instagram—“the highest achievement in Internet voyeurism,” according to Alex Williams, and “the app built to make you covet your neighbor’s life,”14 as Prickett puts it—is actually creating what Williams, citing the title of a 1959 work by Norman Mailer, calls “Advertisements for Myself.”15 “Advertisements for Myself” have become the unavoidable medium and the message of what Sequoia Capital chairman Michael Moritz calls the personal revolution. It’s a world that, Tim Wu caustically notes, is defined by a “race” among social media users to build the most ubiquitous personal brands.16 Online narcissism is therefore, as Keith Campbell, the coauthor of the bestselling The Narcissism Epidemic, explains, a “logical outgrowth of DIY capitalism—the capitalism in which we all have our own “branding business” and we are our “own agent” and “marketing department”17 No wonder Time made “YOU” Person of the Year for 2006.


pages: 281 words: 86,657

The Great Inversion and the Future of the American City by Alan Ehrenhalt

anti-communist, big-box store, British Empire, crack epidemic, David Brooks, deindustrialization, Edward Glaeser, Frank Gehry, haute cuisine, Honoré de Balzac, housing crisis, illegal immigration, Jane Jacobs, manufacturing employment, mass immigration, McMansion, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, Peter Calthorpe, postindustrial economy, Richard Florida, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, too big to fail, transit-oriented development, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, walkable city, white flight, working poor, young professional

There is little in the way of commercial art sales. Most of the studios are in lofts and living rooms; most of the public galleries are open only on weekends. Very few artists make significant money selling anything, conventional or unconventional, to the outside world. It is very much a self-contained community. Some of its residents occasionally describe one another as hipsters, invoking 1950s terminology that would no doubt please Norman Mailer were he around to hear them. Who are these pioneers of Bushwick? To all appearances and personal testimony, they are not all (or even mostly) artists, but twenty-first-century products of the hippest liberal arts colleges—Wesleyan and Vassar, Bard and Sarah Lawrence. They live doubled up in small lofts and crammed into larger ones that sleep as many as eight or nine people. Many of them carved out an alternative mode of life for themselves as undergraduates, and they are eager to find a place to re-create it in their postcollege years.


pages: 340 words: 81,110

How Democracies Die by Steven Levitsky, Daniel Ziblatt

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Ayatollah Khomeini, basic income, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Cass Sunstein, centre right, Charles Lindbergh, clean water, David Brooks, Donald Trump, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Gunnar Myrdal, illegal immigration, immigration reform, income inequality, Jeff Bezos, Nate Silver, Norman Mailer, old-boy network, Robert Gordon, Ronald Reagan, single-payer health, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, universal basic income

“racial purity”: Lynne Olson, Those Angry Days: Roosevelt, Lindbergh, and America’s Fight over World War II, 1931–1941 (New York: Random House, 2014), pp. 18–20, 72. His speeches drew large crowds: A. Scott Berg, Lindbergh (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1998), p. 410. “Conventional wisdom”: Olson, Those Angry Days, p. 442. Idaho senator William Borah: Berg, Lindbergh, p. 398. “God might have withdrawn His blessing”: Quoted in Norman Mailer, Miami and the Siege of Chicago (New York: Random House, 1968), p. 7. “party leaders, union bosses, and other insiders”: Marty Cohen, David Karol, Hans Noel, and John Zaller, The Party Decides: Presidential Nominations Before and After Reform (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008), p. 1. “In the United States”: “A Look Back at the 1968 Democratic Convention,” https://www.youtube.com/​watch?


pages: 283 words: 81,163

How Capitalism Saved America: The Untold History of Our Country, From the Pilgrims to the Present by Thomas J. Dilorenzo

banking crisis, British Empire, business cycle, collective bargaining, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, financial deregulation, Fractional reserve banking, Hernando de Soto, income inequality, invisible hand, Joseph Schumpeter, laissez-faire capitalism, means of production, medical malpractice, Menlo Park, minimum wage unemployment, Norman Mailer, plutocrats, Plutocrats, price stability, profit maximization, profit motive, Ralph Nader, rent control, rent-seeking, Robert Bork, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, statistical model, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transcontinental railway, union organizing, Upton Sinclair, wealth creators, working poor, Works Progress Administration, zero-sum game

The journalist Jonathan Kozol, who has spent decades arguing that Americans should adopt the Cuban communists’ government-schooling model, stated that “each of my two visits to Cuba was a pilgrimage and an adventure.”27 Scholar Saul Landau declared that “Cuba is the first purposeful society that we have had in the Western Hemisphere for many years . . . where human beings are treated as human beings.”28 The American Marxist economist Paul Baran described communist Cuba as a “paradisiac garden” where “agricultural problems would melt away” with a “gigantic” economic surplus.29 Baran’s associate, fellow Marxist Paul Sweezy, was just as effusive, saying that you come away from Cuba’s communists “with your faith in the human race restored” because of their “purifying and liberating experiences.”30 The American writer Theodore Draper admitted that Cuban economic policy was “murderous, mendacious . . . brutal and arbitrary,” but it should still be admired because, after all, “it is still socialist.”31 Many other American intellectuals were of the same opinion. The anticapitalists’ blind devotion to Cuba has also meant embracing the totalitarian dictator Fidel Castro. PBS executive Frank Mankiewicz interviewed Castro for the PBS audience and also wrote a book heaping praise on the dictator.32 Norman Mailer swooned over Castro and his dictatorship, writing, “So Fidel Castro, I announce to the City of New York that you gave all of us . . . some sense that there were heroes in the world. . . . You were the first and greatest hero to appear in the world since the Second World War.”33 Many other American intellectuals described the brutal Cuban dictator as a Christ-like figure. To Marxist economist Paul Sweezy, even though Castro tortured and murdered his political opponents, including thousands of ordinary citizens, he was nevertheless “a passionate humanitarian.”


pages: 264 words: 80,849

Guadalcanal Diary by Richard Tregaskis

defense in depth, Norman Mailer

Richard Tregaskis went along as a war correspondent for the first of those battles, on the island of Guadalcanal, and wrote an account—his bestselling Guadalcanal Diary—that stands today as one of the best of its genre. Downplaying his own extraordinary heroism, writing with great fairness and restraint, Tregaskis shaped America’s understanding of the war, and influenced every account that came after, fiction or nonfiction, from Norman Mailer’s The Naked and the Dead to the 1998 film version of James Jones’ The Thin Red Line. Tregaskis described for the first time the look and feel and smell of the Pacific War, the oppressive tropical heat and humidity that caused rashes and strange fungi to appear on men’s bodies, the terror of fighting in tall grass and in jungles against an often invisible enemy that burrowed deep in the earth and vowed a fight to the death, the odd transformation of paradisiacal Pacific landscapes into hell itself.


Norman Foster: A Life in Architecture by Deyan Sudjic

Buckminster Fuller, carbon footprint, credit crunch, cuban missile crisis, Frank Gehry, interchangeable parts, James Dyson, Jane Jacobs, low cost airline, Masdar, megacity, megastructure, Murano, Venice glass, Norman Mailer, Pearl River Delta, Peter Eisenman, sustainable-tourism, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, University of East Anglia, urban decay, urban renewal, white flight, young professional

Long once saw him pick himself off the floor and go back to his theme without missing a beat, despite sustaining a minor flesh wound to the forehead. And it was certainly Scully that set Foster off on his journey across America to see every Wright building that he could. That journey was what tilted Foster towards Wright, and distanced him a little from his previous regard for Le Corbusier. Scully is the man who once went head to head in an argument with Norman Mailer in the pages of the professional magazine Architectural Forum in defence of modernism, accusing the novelist of ‘lazy potboiling paragraphs’. Later he confessed to feeling defeated by Mailer’s depiction of the heroes of modern architecture leaving man ‘isolated in a landscape of empty psychosis’, a proposition which he felt unable to challenge. During Foster’s time at Yale, Scully was fighting to save New York’s glorious Pennsylvania Station from demolition.


pages: 308 words: 98,729

Garbage Land: On the Secret Trail of Trash by Elizabeth Royte

clean water, low earth orbit, Maui Hawaii, Norman Mailer, Parkinson's law, RAND corporation, Silicon Valley, thinkpad, upwardly mobile, working poor

The US Supreme Court ruled in 1988 that the Constitution gives individuals no privacy rights over their garbage, though some state constitutions offer more stringent protection. Weberman went on to found the National Institute of Garbology, or NIG, and to defend trash trolling as a tool of psychological investigation and character delineation. When he tired of Dylan’s garbage, he dove into Neil Simon’s (he found bagel scraps, lox, whitefish, and an infestation of ants), Gloria Vanderbilt’s (a Valium bottle), Tony Perkins’s (a tiny amount of marijuana), Norman Mailer’s (betting slips), and antiwar activist Bella Abzug’s (proof of investments in companies that made weapons). Looking through trash often says more about the detective than the discarder. When city officials in Portland, Oregon, decided in 2002 that it was legal to swipe trash in an investigation of a police officer, reporters from the Willamette Week decided to dive through the refuse of local officials.


pages: 292 words: 97,911

Truths, Half Truths and Little White Lies by Nick Frost

Alexander Shulgin, call centre, David Attenborough, hive mind, impulse control, job-hopping, Norman Mailer, Rubik’s Cube

I longed to sit in a chilly, carpetless garret eating a watery potato soup, itchy blanket slung across my shoulders, writing about lost love and how grim and pointless life was. Thank you, Comrade Solzhenitsyn. Copying Red’s example I trawled through the myriad junkshops and secondhand places in Edgware and Golders Green hoping to strike gold. What gold meant was a first edition hardback book. I think in all my time doing it I found three, one by Norman Mailer, one by Aldous Huxley; the third one, my prize possession at the time and more so now I’ve worked with Steven Spielberg, was the first edition novelisation of Close Encounters of the Third Kind. I loved that book. Still do. I love the film and I loved the soundtrack that fifteen-year-old me used to listen to at night to frighten myself. Years later I find myself on the set of The Adventures of Tintin directed by the lovely Mr Spielberg – Uncle Steven as Simon and I take to secretly calling him – I’ve got the book with me and on the last day of the shoot he signs it!


pages: 345 words: 100,135

Snakes in Suits: When Psychopaths Go to Work by Dr. Paul Babiak, Dr. Robert Hare

business process, computer age, fixed income, greed is good, job satisfaction, laissez-faire capitalism, Norman Mailer, old-boy network, risk tolerance, twin studies

Although psychopaths do not feel the range and depth of emotions experienced by most people, they do understand that others have something called “emotions.” Some may even take the time to learn to mimic emotions so they can better manipulate their victims. But they do so at a superficial level, and trained observers can sometimes tell the difference; the real gut-feel behind their playacting is not there. Consider these words by Jack Abbott, a psychopathic killer who was championed by Norman Mailer and released from prison, only to kill again: “There are emotions—a whole spectrum of them—that I know only through words, through reading and in my immature imagination. I can imagine I feel these emotions (know, therefore, what they are), but I do not.” Practice Makes Perfect Hare consulted with Nicole Kidman on the movie Malice. She wanted to let the audience know, early in the film, that she was not the sweet, warm person she appeared to be.


Cataloging the World: Paul Otlet and the Birth of the Information Age by Alex Wright

1960s counterculture, Ada Lovelace, barriers to entry, British Empire, business climate, business intelligence, Cape to Cairo, card file, centralized clearinghouse, corporate governance, crowdsourcing, Danny Hillis, Deng Xiaoping, don't be evil, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, European colonialism, Frederick Winslow Taylor, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, index card, information retrieval, invention of movable type, invention of the printing press, Jane Jacobs, John Markoff, Kevin Kelly, knowledge worker, Law of Accelerating Returns, linked data, Livingstone, I presume, lone genius, Menlo Park, Mother of all demos, Norman Mailer, out of africa, packet switching, profit motive, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, Scramble for Africa, self-driving car, semantic web, Silicon Valley, speech recognition, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the scientific method, Thomas L Friedman, urban planning, Vannevar Bush, Whole Earth Catalog

Thanks also to the friends and colleagues who reviewed the manuscript at various stages of completion, especially my vieux amis Whit Andrews and Mike Myers. Other readers included Jeffrey Colvin, Liz Danzico, Janet Hadda, Laura Hoopes, Sangamithra Iyer, Michael Keane, Toni Logan, and Wayne Soini. For institutional support, I am grateful to the Mundaneum, the New York Public Library, the Royal Library of Belgium, the Library of Congress Manuscript Division, the Norman Mailer Writers Colony, and the Brooklyn Writers Space. Finally, my deepest thanks go to my family: to my wife, Maaike, for her love and forbearance; and to my sons, Colin and Elliot, who continually inspire me with their living examples of spontaneous wit and wisdom. 310 NOTES Introduction 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. “Documentation Congress Step toward Making ‘World Brain.’” Unknown, “Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg [papers],” f. 3676.


pages: 305 words: 101,743

Trick Mirror: Reflections on Self-Delusion by Jia Tolentino

4chan, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, Alexander Shulgin, big-box store, cloud computing, crowdsourcing, Donald Trump, financial independence, game design, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, late capitalism, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, Mason jar, Norman Mailer, obamacare, pattern recognition, Peter Thiel, Ponzi scheme, QR code, rent control, Saturday Night Live, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), Silicon Valley, Snapchat, Steve Jobs, uber lyft, upwardly mobile, wage slave, white picket fence

Society makes Miley Cyrus into “a stripper, the devil, and the walking embodiment of predatory lust.” When we get on the internet, the “#1 trending topic is still a debate about whether Rihanna is a Bad Role Model for Women,” and “the verdict for Rihanna is never favorable.” Valerie Solanas is remembered as a “bogeyman” of the “dirty, angry, fucked-up, thrown-away women of the world,” while violent Norman Mailer is remembered as a genius. (I would guess that plenty of women in my millennial demographic semi-ironically venerate Solanas, and know Mailer mainly as the misogynist who stabbed his wife.) Doyle is motivated, she writes, by “a life spent watching the most beautiful, lucky, wealthy, successful women in the world reduced to deformed idiot hags in the media, and battered back into silence and obscurity through the sheer force of public disdain.”


pages: 319 words: 103,707

Against Everything: Essays by Mark Greif

1960s counterculture, back-to-the-land, Bernie Madoff, citizen journalism, collateralized debt obligation, crack epidemic, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, deindustrialization, Desert Island Discs, Donald Trump, income inequality, informal economy, Joan Didion, Norman Mailer, Ponzi scheme, postindustrial economy, Ronald Reagan, technoutopianism, telemarketer, trickle-down economics, upwardly mobile, white flight

Subculture has never had a problem with neologism or exploitation of slang, from emo to punk to hippie. The hipster, however, was someone else already. Specifically, he was a black subcultural figure of the late forties, best anatomized by Anatole Broyard in an essay for the Partisan Review called “A Portrait of the Hipster.” A decade later, the hipster had evolved into a white subcultural figure. This hipster—and the reference here is to Norman Mailer’s essay “The White Negro” for Dissent in 1957—was explicitly defined by the desire of a white avant-garde to disaffiliate itself from whiteness, with its stain of Eisenhower, the bomb, and the corporation, and achieve the “cool” knowledge and exoticized energy, lust, and violence of black Americans. (“Hippie” itself was originally an insulting diminutive of “hipster,” a jab at the sloppy kids who hung around North Beach or Greenwich Village after 1960 and didn’t care about jazz or poetry, only drugs and fun.)


pages: 316 words: 105,384

Moneyball by Michael Lewis

Cass Sunstein, high batting average, Norman Mailer, old-boy network, placebo effect, RAND corporation, Richard Thaler, systematic trading, the new new thing, the scientific method, upwardly mobile

Research scientists at big companies, university professors of physics and economics and life sciences, professional statisticians, Wall Street analysts, bored lawyers, math wizards unable to hold down regular jobs—all these people were soon mailing James their ideas, criticisms, models, and questions. His readership must have been one of the strangest group of people ever assembled under one idea. Before he found a publisher, James had four readers he considered “celebrities.” They were: Norman Mailer Baseball writer Dan Okrent William Goldman, the screenwriter (Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid) The guy who played “Squiggy” on the TV sitcom Laverne & Shirley James’s readers were hard to classify because he was hard to classify. The sheer quantity of brain power that hurled itself voluntarily and quixotically into the search for new baseball knowledge was either exhilarating or depressing, depending on how you felt about baseball.


pages: 422 words: 119,439

Lunar Park by Bret Easton Ellis

airport security, McMansion, Norman Mailer, Ronald Reagan

Sonny Mehta, the head of Knopf, snapped up the rights, and even before its publication the controversy and scandal the novel achieved was enormous. I did no press because it was pointless—my voice would have been drowned out by all the indignant wailing. The book was accused of introducing serial killer chic to the nation. It was reviewed in the New York Times, three months before publication, under the headline “Don’t Buy This Book.” It was the subject of a 10,000-word essay by Norman Mailer in Vanity Fair (“the first novel in years to take on deep, dark, Dostoyevskian themes—how one wishes this writer was without talent!”). It was the object of scornful editorials, there were debates on CNN, there was a feminist boycott by the National Organization of Women and the obligatory death threats (a tour was canceled because of them). PEN and the Authors Guild refused to come to my rescue.


Ma’am Darling by Craig Brown

British Empire, Desert Island Discs, Etonian, Joan Didion, Norman Mailer, North Sea oil, sensible shoes

To honour Vidal’s fiftieth birthday, on 3 October 1975 his friend Diana Phipps presented him with a collage of his most illustrious friends, with the occasional deadly enemy thrown in for good measure. She had constructed it by cutting out headshots and sticking them onto an illustrated scene of debauchery in ancient Rome. Apart from Vidal himself, those depicted included Graham Greene, J.K. Galbraith, Lady Diana Cooper, Robert Kennedy and Jackie Kennedy, along with Vidal’s old rivals William F. Buckley (lying vanquished beneath Vidal’s left foot) and Norman Mailer (kneeling in obeisance). But in the most prominent position, standing on a staircase above a semi-naked Vidal, was Her Royal Highness the Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon. Vidal threw a fiftieth birthday party at Mark’s Club in Mayfair for fifty people (‘50 for 50,’ in the words of his partner Howard Austen). Fame seems to have been the principal qualification for an invitation: the guests included Ryan O’Neal, Tennessee Williams, Kenneth Tynan, Claire Bloom, Tom Driberg, Peter Bogdanovich, Jonathan Miller and Lady Diana Cooper.


pages: 416 words: 121,024

How to Murder Your Life: A Memoir by Cat Marnell

Berlin Wall, carbon footprint, East Village, Frank Gehry, impulse control, Joan Didion, Norman Mailer, period drama, pez dispenser, Rosa Parks, urban decay, walkable city, Wall-E, Zipcar

The walls were papered practically to the ceiling with fashion magazine tear sheets—­“collaging” was my favorite thing to do when I was geeked up—and makeup (so, so much makeup) was everywhere. The ceramic box on my desk was full of glass stems, Q-tips, my glassine dope baggie collection; my bed was covered in Sharpies and nude Clarins lip liners and wafts of blond clip-in hair, plus books—Norman Mailer’s Marilyn Monroe biography and Ooga-Booga by Frederick Seidel—and feather coats and Tsubi jeans. I hardly ever slept there. When I did, I just pushed everything over. Tonight I thought I’d rest. I lit a candle for ambience, then I took stuff from the mattress and threw it to the floor until I found them: two pill bottles, tucked under a pillow. My Xanax, and my Ambien. I took one of each.


World Cities and Nation States by Greg Clark, Tim Moonen

active transport: walking or cycling, Asian financial crisis, Berlin Wall, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Boris Johnson, business climate, cleantech, congestion charging, corporate governance, deindustrialization, Deng Xiaoping, financial independence, financial intermediation, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, full employment, global supply chain, global value chain, high net worth, housing crisis, immigration reform, income inequality, informal economy, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, low skilled workers, megacity, new economy, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, open economy, Pearl River Delta, rent control, Richard Florida, Silicon Valley, smart cities, sovereign wealth fund, special economic zone, stem cell, supply-chain management, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade route, transaction costs, transit-oriented development, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, War on Poverty, zero-sum game

Some nation states have clearly recognised the fact that 26 World Cities and Nation States flows of capital and content increasingly take place between cities, and that policy design and implementation can often be more effective and accountable in cities (Hill and Fujita, 2003; Amen et al., 2011). A return to city‐states? Alongside this economic divergence of world cities and nation states, commentators in this period also identified a resurgent political tension between leading cities and their national governments. An early example of this friction was visible in New York – mayoral candidate Norman Mailer proposed to secede in 1969, and President Gerald R. Ford later refused to bail out the City in the midst of its fiscal crisis in 1975. This was followed by the failure of President Jimmy Carter’s urban plan in 1978 (Smith, 2002). London also witnessed its fair share of political friction in the 1980s and central government eventually abolished the Greater London Council. Later, the OECD (2005: 124) highlighted many other cases where the efforts of city governments to seek opportunities at the global level and to acquire more fiscal and legislative flexibility led to conflict with higher‐tier governments who were unconvinced of the “positive‐sum gains in de‐centralisation.”


pages: 879 words: 309,222

Nobody's Perfect: Writings From the New Yorker by Anthony Lane

a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away, colonial rule, dark matter, Frank Gehry, haute cuisine, Index librorum prohibitorum, Mahatma Gandhi, Maui Hawaii, moral hazard, Norman Mailer, profit motive, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, The Great Good Place, trade route, University of East Anglia, Upton Sinclair, urban decay, urban planning

At the press screening, where I was surrounded by movie critics, the film felt at once drab and hysterical, but the following night, when I enjoyed the company of twelve thousand maniacs—real live people, without notebooks—at Madison Square Garden, everything fell into place. The special effects started well before the movie did: as I opened the invitation, it gave out a furious roar that tailed off into an echoing, agonized moan. I listened to this for a while and seriously considered calling Random House and telling the editors to fit the same device to their new Norman Mailer anthology. Outside, in the evening sunlight, the luminaries swarmed; there were interviews with Mayor Giuliani and the Taco Bell Chihuahua. As we climbed to our seats, free popcorn was distributed in boxes that advertised Calvin Klein underwear, raising widespread fears among parents as to whether the humongous Godzilla would remain, you know, decent. As the time of the screening neared, we were counted down with booming heartbeats and were introduced to “the biggest premiere in motion-picture history” and “the heavyweight champion of the world”—a reference to the lizard, and something of a slight to Muhammad Ali, who was in the audience.

Denmark, after all, favors freedom of expression as rampantly as the other countries in Northern Europe—perhaps on the understanding that only a minority of its citizens would even dream of abusing that liberty. Legomakers everywhere have availed themselves of this opportunity. If you had to name one American, for instance, who clubbed together with a couple of friends in 1965 and spent more than three weeks building a futuristic seven-foot vertical city out of Lego, you might not immediately think of Norman Mailer. Thirty-three years later, however, the city still stands in Mailer’s living room in Brooklyn Heights, and its creator remains enthusiastic about his project. “It was very much opposed to Le Corbusier. I kept thinking of Mont-Saint-Michel,” he explains. “Each Lego brick represents an apartment. There’d be something like twelve thousand apartments. The philosophers would live at the top. The call girls would live in the white bricks, and the corporate executives would live in the black.”


Bootstrapping: Douglas Engelbart, Coevolution, and the Origins of Personal Computing (Writing Science) by Thierry Bardini

Apple II, augmented reality, Bill Duvall, conceptual framework, Donald Davies, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, Dynabook, experimental subject, Grace Hopper, hiring and firing, hypertext link, index card, information retrieval, invention of hypertext, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Rulifson, John von Neumann, knowledge worker, Leonard Kleinrock, Menlo Park, Mother of all demos, new economy, Norbert Wiener, Norman Mailer, packet switching, QWERTY keyboard, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, RFC: Request For Comment, Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, Silicon Valley, Steve Crocker, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, stochastic process, Ted Nelson, the medium is the message, theory of mind, Turing test, unbiased observer, Vannevar Bush, Whole Earth Catalog

For a generation of engineers and scientists like Douglas Engelbart, who had known the military as the means of achieving moral goals, as well as the context in which they came of age and, later, as a potential source of funding, the military aspect of the metaphor was natural enough. In light of what eventually was to come of this crusade, however, it is the quasi-religious aspect of it that is worth emphasizing. The postwar era was as much an age of seekers and self-appointed seers as it was an age of com- placency and suburban idylls, as much the age of Jack Kerouac and Norman Mailer as the age of Ozzie and Harriet, an age of rebels in search of a cause. 9 It is in this perspective that one should read Engelbart's recollections of the way he organized his thoughts on his professional future: So then I started poking around, looking at the different kinds of crusades you could get on. I soon realized that if I wanted to contrIbute in some maximum way, I'd need to provide some real driving force. . . because to just go be a soldier In somebody else's crusade is one way you can contribute, but not a way to be satIsfied that you're doing the maximum you can.


pages: 436 words: 131,430

House of God by Samuel Shem

affirmative action, index card, lateral thinking, medical residency, MITM: man-in-the-middle, Norman Mailer, placebo effect

Just think of what we've done to whole continents and entire little countries chock full of underdeveloped little people we've treated like rodents, let alone what we do to individuals. Why should I—or we—hold back? Did that anti-Semite Henry Ford hold back? Did Spiro Agnew? Did Joe McCarthy or Joe DiMaggio—you know the Yankee Clipper is hocking instant coffee on TV these days—or Marilyn Monroe hold back from letting any subway grate in the world blow up her flimsy dress and whistle around her frigid genitalia? Did Norman Mailer ever, on anything? Did the CIA or the FB-fucking-I? The hell they did, Basch, the hell they did. You just gotta do it, flush it, and pick up the money you get for it." "For fraud?" "For dreaming the American Dream. In this case, the American Medical Dream." The Runt and Chuck sat down with us, and the Runt, like a TV serial that you couldn't turn off, rolled out the latest thrilling episode of Thuunnnnder Thighs: "She was her usual voracious self.


Shoot for the Moon: The Space Race and the Extraordinary Voyage of Apollo 11 by James Donovan

Charles Lindbergh, Hans Lippershey, Kickstarter, low earth orbit, Monroe Doctrine, mutually assured destruction, Norman Mailer, operation paperclip, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, white flight

New York: Walker, 2005. Lovell, Jim, and Jeffrey Kluger. Lost Moon: The Perilous Journey of Apollo 13. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1994. Lunney, Glynn. Highways into Space. N.p.: Privately published, 2014. ———, et al. From the Trench of Mission Control to the Craters of the Moon. Third ed. N.p.: Privately published, 2012. MacKinnon, Douglas, and Joseph Baldanza. Footprints. Washington, DC: Acropolis, 1989. Mailer, Norman. Of a Fire on the Moon. Boston: Little, Brown, 1968. McDonnell, Virginia B. Dee O’Hara: Astronauts’ Nurse. Edinburgh, Scotland: Rutledge, 1965. McDougall, Walter A. …The Heavens and the Earth: A Political History of the Space Age. New York: Basic Books, 1985. Mindell, David A. Digital Apollo: Human and Machine in Spaceflight. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2008. Mitchell, Edgar, and Dwight Williams.


pages: 407 words: 135,242

The Streets Were Paved With Gold by Ken Auletta

British Empire, business climate, clean water, collective bargaining, full employment, Gunnar Myrdal, hiring and firing, invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, job satisfaction, Joseph Schumpeter, mortgage debt, Norman Mailer, North Sea oil, offshore financial centre, Parkinson's law, Ponzi scheme, price stability, profit motive, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, rent control, Ronald Reagan, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, union organizing, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban renewal, War on Poverty, working-age population

Essentially nonideological local questions—how to balance the budget, provide services, retain and attract jobs, educate kids, control crime—were transformed into moral issues. James Schuer’s 1969 mayoral candidacy began to unravel when the Voice’s Jack Newfield—a valuable muckraker but also a notorious labeler—branded Schuer a “conservative” for raising the “law and order” issue. Yet, that same year, writers Norman Mailer and Jimmy Breslin were treated kindly by the press when they proposed a frivolous but “liberal’ idea to make New York City the fifty-first state. Wagner, Lindsay, Beame and Rockefeller got away with their budget and borrowing tricks partly because they were trying to do the “right thing.” Candidates who talked about “the causes of crime” were good guys, even if they ignored the effects of crime.


pages: 286 words: 94,017

Future Shock by Alvin Toffler

Albert Einstein, Brownian motion, Buckminster Fuller, Charles Lindbergh, cognitive dissonance, Colonization of Mars, corporate governance, East Village, global village, Haight Ashbury, information retrieval, invention of agriculture, invention of movable type, invention of writing, longitudinal study, Marshall McLuhan, mass immigration, Menlo Park, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, post-industrial society, RAND corporation, social intelligence, the market place, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, urban renewal, Whole Earth Catalog, zero-sum game

At first I thought she regarded a man in his forties as being too old to be a hero. Soon I realized this was mistaken. What she meant was that Glenn's exploits had taken place too long ago to be of interest. (John H. Glenn's history-making flight occurred in February, 1962.) Today Glenn has receded from the foreground of public attention. In effect, his image has decayed. Twiggy, the Beatles, John Glenn, Billie Sol Estes, Bob Dylan, Jack Ruby, Norman Mailer, Eichmann, Jean-Paul Sartre, Georgi Malenkov, Jacqueline Kennedy—thousands of "personalities" parade across the stage of contemporary history. Real people, magnified and projected by the mass media, they are stored as images in the minds of millions of people who have never met them, never spoken to them, never seen them "in person." They take on a reality almost as (and sometimes even more) intense than that of many people with whom we do have "in-person" relationships.


pages: 513 words: 156,022

Dictatorland: The Men Who Stole Africa by Paul Kenyon

agricultural Revolution, anti-communist, British Empire, centre right, clean water, colonial rule, Etonian, European colonialism, falling living standards, friendly fire, land reform, mandatory minimum, Nelson Mandela, Norman Mailer, offshore financial centre, oil rush, oil shale / tar sands, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Scramble for Africa, transatlantic slave trade, Yom Kippur War

Pretty much anyone with an ‘official’ job – in other words a senior position in the party – could put a metal door on a room in their basement and call it a jail. Some commentators have suggested there were even cells beneath the 20th May Stadium where the Rumble in the Jungle was held and that, during the Ali–Foreman fight, hundreds were detained and tortured, their screams drowned out by the noise of the cheering crowd. The writer Norman Mailer, who covered the fight, talked of a thousand criminals held in detention pens beneath the ring, of whom a hundred were killed as a warning to the others. There has never been any proof, but the rumours reflect a broader fear about the savagery of Zaire’s informal prison system. The most dangerous places to be incarcerated, however, were those run by the security services, and that included ‘The Three Zeds’ prison where Joseph Nkoyi was being held.


pages: 524 words: 146,798

Anarchy State and Utopia by Robert Nozick

distributed generation, invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, Kenneth Arrow, laissez-faire capitalism, Machinery of Freedom by David Friedman, means of production, Menlo Park, moral hazard, night-watchman state, Norman Mailer, Pareto efficiency, price discrimination, prisoner's dilemma, rent control, risk tolerance, Ronald Coase, school vouchers, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Nature of the Firm, transaction costs, Yogi Berra

For each person, so far as objective criteria of goodness can tell (insofar as these exist), there is a wide range of very different kinds of life that tie as best; no other is objectively better for him than any one in this range, and no one within the range is objectively better than any other.5 And there is not one community which objectively is the best for the living of each selection set from the family of sets of not objectively inferior lives. For our purposes at this point either of Ib2 or II will serve. Wittgenstein, Elizabeth Taylor, Bertrand Russell, Thomas Merton, Yogi Berra, Allen Ginsburg, Harry Wolfson, Thoreau, Casey Stengel, The Lubavitcher Rebbe, Picasso, Moses, Einstein, Hugh Heffner, Socrates, Henry Ford, Lenny Bruce, Baba Ram Dass, Gandhi, Sir Edmund Hillary, Raymond Lubitz, Buddha, Frank Sinatra, Columbus, Freud, Norman Mailer, Ayn Rand, Baron Rothschild, Ted Williams, Thomas Edison, H. L. Mencken, Thomas Jefferson, Ralph Ellison, Bobby Fischer, Emma Goldman, Peter Kropotkin, you, and your parents. Is there really one kind of life which is best for each of these people? Imagine all of them living in any utopia you’ve ever seen described in detail. Try to describe the society which would be best for all of these persons to live in.


pages: 495 words: 144,101

Goddess of the Market: Ayn Rand and the American Right by Jennifer Burns

anti-communist, bank run, barriers to entry, centralized clearinghouse, collective bargaining, creative destruction, desegregation, feminist movement, financial independence, George Gilder, invisible hand, jimmy wales, Joan Didion, John Markoff, Joseph Schumpeter, knowledge worker, laissez-faire capitalism, lone genius, Menlo Park, minimum wage unemployment, Mont Pelerin Society, new economy, Norman Mailer, offshore financial centre, Ponzi scheme, profit motive, RAND corporation, rent control, road to serfdom, Robert Bork, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, side project, Stewart Brand, The Chicago School, The Wisdom of Crowds, union organizing, urban renewal, white flight, Whole Earth Catalog

Anna Borisnova to AR, January 22, 1926, and September 22, 1926, letters 9a and 89a, Russian Family Correspondence, ARP. 30. These stories, which Rand never attempted to publish, were released by her estate in The Early Ayn Rand, ed. Leonard Peikoff (New York: Penguin, 1986). 31. Lynn Simross, “Studio Club Closes Door on Past,” Los Angeles Times, February 9, 1975, L1. 32. Journals, 38. Rand’s willingness to celebrate a criminal anticipates the work of later writers such as Norman Mailer, Truman Capote, and Cormac McCarthy, who all to some degree portray the murderer as a person of unusual strength, sensitivity, or both. A more immediate parallel for Rand would have been a book she knew well, Fyodor Dostoevsky’s Crime and Punishment, a serious novel of ideas built around the psychology of a murderer. 33. Ibid., 27, 37, 36. 34. Ibid., 32. 35. Popular American understandings of the Superman are outlined in Jennifer Ratner-Rosenhagen, “Neither Rock nor Refuge: American Encounters with Nietzsche and the Search for Foundations,” PhD diss., Brandeis University, 2003, 231. 36.


pages: 486 words: 150,849

Evil Geniuses: The Unmaking of America: A Recent History by Kurt Andersen

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airline deregulation, airport security, always be closing, American ideology, American Legislative Exchange Council, anti-communist, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, artificial general intelligence, autonomous vehicles, basic income, Bernie Sanders, blue-collar work, Bonfire of the Vanities, bonus culture, Burning Man, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Cass Sunstein, centre right, computer age, coronavirus, corporate governance, corporate raider, COVID-19, Covid-19, creative destruction, Credit Default Swap, cryptocurrency, deindustrialization, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, ending welfare as we know it, Erik Brynjolfsson, feminist movement, financial deregulation, financial innovation, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, future of work, game design, George Gilder, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, High speed trading, hive mind, income inequality, industrial robot, interchangeable parts, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Jane Jacobs, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, jitney, Joan Didion, job automation, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, Joseph Schumpeter, knowledge worker, low skilled workers, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, market bubble, mass immigration, mass incarceration, Menlo Park, Naomi Klein, new economy, Norbert Wiener, Norman Mailer, obamacare, Peter Thiel, Picturephone, plutocrats, Plutocrats, post-industrial society, Powell Memorandum, pre–internet, Ralph Nader, Right to Buy, road to serfdom, Robert Bork, Robert Gordon, Robert Mercer, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Seaside, Florida, Second Machine Age, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, strikebreaker, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Future of Employment, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Tim Cook: Apple, too big to fail, trickle-down economics, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, union organizing, universal basic income, Unsafe at Any Speed, urban planning, urban renewal, very high income, wage slave, Wall-E, War on Poverty, Whole Earth Catalog, winner-take-all economy, women in the workforce, working poor, young professional, éminence grise

Economic equality, as a result of all those countervailing forces I talked about, was at its peak in the mid-1970s. It was the same in the United States then as it is in Scandinavian countries today, the share of the nation’s wealth owned by nonwealthy Americans larger than it had been since measurements began. The system was working pretty well, and the national consensus about fairness endured. People took for granted all the progress we’d achieved. It really seemed irreversible. *1 Norman Mailer was a bit older, thirty-six as the decade began, but Tom Wolfe turned thirty in 1960, Joan Didion in 1964, and Hunter Thompson in 1967. *2 Which is why starting in the 1970s, for instance, the humorist and illustrator Bruce McCall could have a career painting panoramas of fantastical flying machines and infrastructure for the National Lampoon and then The New Yorker, grand futures as if depicted by overoptimists of the past, what he called “retro-futurism


Frommer's San Diego 2011 by Mark Hiss

airport security, California gold rush, car-free, Charles Lindbergh, desegregation, Donald Trump, East Village, El Camino Real, glass ceiling, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, Skype, South of Market, San Francisco, sustainable-tourism, transcontinental railway, urban renewal, white picket fence, Works Progress Administration

Open Monday to Friday 10am to 7pm, Saturday 10am to 6pm, Sunday 11am to 5pm. 3063 University Ave., North Park. & 619/2961560. www.controversialbookstore.com. Bus: 2, 7, or 10. D.G.Wills Books This bookstore has tomes stacked to its wood rafters—if you’re looking for something scholarly, offbeat, or esoteric, this place is for you. Over the years this charmingly musty La Jolla treasure has hosted readings by such powerhouses as Norman Mailer, Gore Vidal, Allen Ginsberg, and Maureen Dowd. Open 217 12_626214-ch09.indd 21712_626214-ch09.indd 217 7/23/10 11:22 PM7/23/10 11:22 PM Monday to Saturday 10am to 7pm, Sunday 11am to 6pm. 7461 Girard Ave., La Jolla. & 858/456-1800. www.dgwillsbooks.com. Bus: 30. Obelisk Bookstore This is San Diego’s main gay and lesbian bookstore. You’ll find just about every gay magazine there is, as well as gay-themed movies for rent.


pages: 558 words: 164,627

The Pentagon's Brain: An Uncensored History of DARPA, America's Top-Secret Military Research Agency by Annie Jacobsen

Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, colonial rule, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, Dean Kamen, drone strike, Edward Snowden, Fall of the Berlin Wall, game design, John Markoff, John von Neumann, license plate recognition, Livingstone, I presume, low earth orbit, megacity, Menlo Park, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Mikhail Gorbachev, Murray Gell-Mann, mutually assured destruction, Norman Mailer, operation paperclip, place-making, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, social intelligence, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, zero-sum game

The previous spring, hundreds of thousands of people had attended an antiwar march in New York City, walking from Central Park to the United Nations building, where they burned draft cards. The march, which was led by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., made news around the world. The Mobe’s March on the Pentagon, in the fall of 1967, had turned violent when protesters clashed with U.S. marshals and heavily armed military police assigned to protect the building. Six hundred and eighty-two people were arrested, including the author Norman Mailer and two United Press International reporters. Now, after it was revealed that many university professors were discreetly working on classified weapons projects as defense scientists, the Mobe’s underground newspaper, the Student Mobilizer, began an investigation that culminated in a report called “Counterinsurgency Research on Campus, Exposed.” The article contained excerpts from the minutes of a Jason summer study, reportedly stolen from a professor’s unlocked cabinet.


pages: 588 words: 193,087

And Here's the Kicker: Conversations with 21 Top Humor Writers on Their Craft by Mike Sacks

Albert Einstein, Charles Lindbergh, Columbine, Donald Trump, Exxon Valdez, fear of failure, game design, illegal immigration, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, index card, Joan Didion, Norman Mailer, out of africa, pre–internet, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, upwardly mobile

I read a short story by John O'Hara recently that has more dimension packed into its three pages than many novels. To go back to your question — in archery terms — you either hit the bull's-eye in a short story or it fails. I sometimes think there's an invisible fuse that runs through a good story and, at the end, it ignites. There is no margin for error. You can't take time out to admire the scenery, as you can with a novel. Norman Mailer called the short story “the jeweler's art,” which I think is apt. The short story is the stepchild of American literature. Publishers — and many writers — think of it as a step in the direction of a novel, not an end in itself. Sort of like saying the runner who excels in the l00-yard dash isn't much of an athlete. One last point: I think many of our acclaimed novelists do their best work with the short story: Hemingway, Irwin Shaw, John Updike, Joyce Carol Oates.


pages: 601 words: 193,225

740 Park: The Story of the World's Richest Apartment Building by Michael Gross

Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Bonfire of the Vanities, California gold rush, corporate raider, cuban missile crisis, Donald Trump, Irwin Jacobs, Jarndyce and Jarndyce, McMansion, mortgage debt, Norman Mailer, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ronald Reagan, sensible shoes, short selling, strikebreaker, The Predators' Ball, traveling salesman, Upton Sinclair, urban planning

Gayfryd had obsessed over every detail of the $3 million French Directoire-themed dinner for five hundred that followed in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, rented for the evening for $30,000. There were a hundred French roses for every guest and twelve thousand white tulips besides. Arnold Scaasi, Nouvelle Society’s dressmaker, whipped up the wedding gown and nine bridesmaids’ dresses, and the Kravises, the Mahoneys, Lord Weidenfeld, Norman Mailer, Barbara Walters, Donald Trump, and Vernon Jordan toasted the newlyweds with 1982 Roederer Cristal and 1973 Chateau Latour and dined on poached coho salmon with champagne aspic and a trio of veal, lamb, and chicken. Gayfryd called it “very much a family party.” There was another PEN gala in April 1989, and that August, Gayfryd gave Saul a $1 million fiftieth birthday party at his beach house in Quogue that featured tableaux vivants of his favorite old masters—one of them, a living nude in an oversized frame.


pages: 801 words: 209,348

Americana: A 400-Year History of American Capitalism by Bhu Srinivasan

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, American ideology, Apple II, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, bank run, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, blue-collar work, Bob Noyce, Bonfire of the Vanities, British Empire, business cycle, buy and hold, California gold rush, Charles Lindbergh, collective bargaining, commoditize, corporate raider, cuban missile crisis, Deng Xiaoping, diversification, diversified portfolio, Douglas Engelbart, financial innovation, fixed income, Ford paid five dollars a day, global supply chain, Gordon Gekko, Haight Ashbury, hypertext link, income inequality, invisible hand, James Watt: steam engine, Jane Jacobs, Jeff Bezos, John Markoff, joint-stock company, joint-stock limited liability company, Kickstarter, laissez-faire capitalism, Louis Pasteur, Marc Andreessen, Menlo Park, mortgage debt, mutually assured destruction, Norman Mailer, oil rush, peer-to-peer, pets.com, popular electronics, profit motive, race to the bottom, refrigerator car, risk/return, Ronald Reagan, Sand Hill Road, self-driving car, shareholder value, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, strikebreaker, Ted Nelson, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the new new thing, The Predators' Ball, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade route, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman, Upton Sinclair, Vannevar Bush, Works Progress Administration, zero-sum game

America’s Bank. New York: Penguin, 2015. ———. Buffett: The Making of an American Capitalist. New York: Broadway Books, 2001. ———. Origins of the Crash. New York: Penguin, 2004. Lyons, Eugene. David Sarnoff: A Biography. New York: Harper & Row, 1966. Maas, Peter. The Valachi Papers. New York: Perennial, 2003. MacCambridge, Michael. America’s Game. New York: Anchor Books, 2005. Mailer, Norman. The Fight. New York: Random House, 2013. Mair, George. Inside HBO: The Billion Dollar War Between HBO, Hollywood and the Home Video Revolution. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1988. Major, Nettie Leitch. C. W. Post: The Hour and the Man. Washington DC: Press of Judd & Detweiler, 1963. Mancall, Peter C., ed. Envisioning America: English Plans for the Colonization of North America, 1580–1640.


pages: 816 words: 242,405

A Man on the Moon by Andrew Chaikin

Charles Lindbergh, cuban missile crisis, data acquisition, gravity well, index card, Internet Archive, invention of the telephone, Isaac Newton, Norman Mailer, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics

Levine, Arnold S. Managing NASA in the Apollo Era. NASA SP-4102. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1982. Lewis, Richard S. Appointment on the Moon. New York: Ballantine, 1969. -. The Voyages of Apollo: The Exploration of the Moon. New York Times Book Company, 1974. MacKinnon, Douglas, and Joseph Baldanza. Footprints. Illustrated by Alan Bean. Washington, D.C.: Acropolis Books, 1989. Mailer, Norman. Of a Fire on the Moon. Boston: Little, Brown, 1970. Masursky, Harold, G. William Colton, and Farouk El-Baz, eds. Apollo Over the Moon: A View from Orbit. NASA SP-362. 1978. Murray, Charles, and Catherine Bly Cox. Apollo: The Race to the Moon. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1989. Mutch, Thomas A. Geology of the Moon: A Stratigraphic View. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1970. NASA. Report of the Apollo 204 Review Board to the Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration.


The End of the Cold War: 1985-1991 by Robert Service

active measures, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, cuban missile crisis, Deng Xiaoping, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Kickstarter, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, Neil Kinnock, Norman Mailer, nuclear winter, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Silicon Valley, The Chicago School, Vladimir Vetrov: Farewell Dossier

Pianist and General Secretary embraced at the end.87 Gorbachëv held his own reception at the Soviet embassy for ‘the American intelligentsia’ on another evening. Among the guests were hostile figures such as Henry Kissinger and William Fulbright. Also invited were actors, scientists, singers, artists and novelists who sympathized with his purposes: Robert De Niro, Paul Newman, Carl Sagan, John Denver, Yoko Ono, Norman Mailer and Joyce Carol Oates. Gorbachëv socialized with all of them, shaking hands and accepting hugs. Nobody needed to teach him how to work the room.88 American public figures became eager to win the trust of Soviet officials. Edward Teller, the veteran anti-Soviet scientist, made a proposal for research cooperation on ‘controlled fusion’ in nuclear physics. He wrote to Shultz that Andrei Sakharov was someone who could work productively on the topic (although he acknowledged that it might be unrealistic to invite him to America).89 When Akhromeev as Chief of the USSR General Staff accepted the invitation of his opposite number Admiral William J.


pages: 2,020 words: 267,411

Lonely Planet Morocco (Travel Guide) by Lonely Planet, Paul Clammer, Paula Hardy

air freight, Airbnb, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, illegal immigration, low cost airline, Nelson Mandela, Norman Mailer, place-making, Skype, spice trade, sustainable-tourism, trade route, urban planning, urban sprawl, women in the workforce, working poor, young professional

Thanks partly to Bernardo Bertolucci’s 1990 film, Bowles’ best-known book is The Sheltering Sky (1949), a bleak and powerful story of an innocent American couple slowly dismantled by a trip through Morocco. His other works include Let It Come Down (1952), a thriller set in Tangier; The Spider’s House, set in 1950s Fez; and two excellent collections of travel tales: Their Heads Are Green (1963) and Points in Time (1982). A Distant Episode: the Selected Stories is a good compilation of Bowles’ short stories. There is a dark and nihilistic undercurrent to Bowles’ writing as fellow writer Norman Mailer describes: ‘Paul Bowles opened the world of Hip. He let in the murder, the drugs, the death of the Square…the call of the orgy, the end of civilization’. Other commentators have tried to link aspects of Bowles’ life to his writing. Bowles’ autobiography Without Stopping (1972; nicknamed ‘Without Telling’) sheds little light on these matters. The official Paul Bowles website is www.paulbowles.org.


Lonely Planet Greek Islands by Lonely Planet, Alexis Averbuck, Michael S Clark, Des Hannigan, Victoria Kyriakopoulos, Korina Miller

car-free, carbon footprint, credit crunch, eurozone crisis, G4S, haute couture, haute cuisine, low cost airline, low cost carrier, Norman Mailer, pension reform, period drama, sensible shoes, sustainable-tourism, trade route, transfer pricing, urban sprawl

Head right from the quay to On the Rocks Rooms ( 22430 48260; www.otr.telendos.com; s/d/tr €45/50/70; ) , for welcoming studios with tiled floors, kitchenettes, private balconies and a very appealing cafe/bar. It also has huge family rooms and can arrange airport transfers. A little further along, classically lined Hotel Porto Potha ( 22430 47321; portopotha@klm.forthnet.gr; d incl breakfast €45, apt €45; ) sits at an elevation and has comfortable rooms, gorgeous views, an inviting swimming pool and a very friendly owner who looks like Norman Mailer with a tan. At the left of the pier, Zorba’s ( 22430 48660; mains €3-8) is fiercely traditional and has great sea views. The owner fishes for the seafood himself, bringing up squid, octopus, tuna and swordfish. They also have three small but pleasant pink-walled rooms with pine furniture (doubles €30). Beneath the shade of a tamarisk tree, Cafe Naytikos ( year-round) is popular with early morning climbers seeking zestful coffee, breakfasts and snacks.


pages: 932 words: 307,785

State of Emergency: The Way We Were by Dominic Sandbrook

anti-communist, back-to-the-land, banking crisis, Bretton Woods, British Empire, centre right, collective bargaining, Corn Laws, David Attenborough, Doomsday Book, edge city, estate planning, Etonian, falling living standards, fear of failure, Fellow of the Royal Society, feminist movement, financial thriller, first-past-the-post, fixed income, full employment, German hyperinflation, global pandemic, mass immigration, moral panic, Neil Kinnock, new economy, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, North Sea oil, oil shock, Own Your Own Home, sexual politics, traveling salesman, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban planning, Winter of Discontent, young professional

Horror films of the day, too, showed women as dangerously unstable, sexually obsessive creatures, verging on the demoniacal, like the monstrous red-coated dwarf in Don’t Look Now (1973), and a few years later Hollywood would make a speciality of punishing sexually promiscuous young girls in memorably gory ways. Even James Bond got in on the act. Few people could have been surprised when Sean Connery slapped Jill St John in Diamonds are Forever (1971), yet even the most embittered chauvinist must have winced when Roger Moore, of all people, hit Maud Adams in the face not once but twice in The Man with the Golden Gun (1974).67 Perhaps mercifully, British culture had no real equivalent of Norman Mailer, the aggressively macho American novelist who transformed himself into virtually a full-time critic of women’s liberation as his literary powers waned. The nearest it came was probably the eternally disputatious Kingsley Amis, formerly a very keen lover of women (or ‘cocksman’, to use his own terminology), whose novels became increasingly acerbic in the late 1970s as his sexual potency declined and his second marriage began to crumble.


pages: 2,323 words: 550,739

1,000 Places to See in the United States and Canada Before You Die, Updated Ed. by Patricia Schultz

Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, Bretton Woods, Burning Man, California gold rush, car-free, Charles Lindbergh, Columbine, Donald Trump, East Village, El Camino Real, estate planning, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Guggenheim Bilbao, Haight Ashbury, haute cuisine, indoor plumbing, interchangeable parts, Mars Rover, Mason jar, Maui Hawaii, Mikhail Gorbachev, Murano, Venice glass, Nelson Mandela, new economy, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, out of africa, Pepto Bismol, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, sexual politics, South of Market, San Francisco, The Chicago School, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, wage slave, white picket fence, Works Progress Administration, Yogi Berra, éminence grise

The modern on-premises spa is P-town’s best, with a wide range of options from deep-tissue massage or gentle craniosacral therapy to a Reiki energy-balancing treatment. The New Provincetown Players are the resident troupe at the venerable Provincetown Theater. When the artists began arriving in the early decades of the 20th century, so did playwrights and authors, whose ranks over time included such luminaries as Eugene O’Neill, Tennessee Williams, Norman Mailer, and E. E. Cummings. A busy cultural life is still one of P-town’s biggest summer draws, with drama, dance, cabaret, concerts, and films that fill out the schedule at the theater. MacMillan Wharf is the berth for much of P-town’s fishing and whale-watching fleet. Art’s Dune Tours take visitors on excursions around Provincetown’s sandy surroundings, pointing out the battered “dune shacks” that for decades have served as retreats for the artists who came for the end-of-the-world atmosphere and special light; the shacks are now National Historic Landmarks.