Mark Shuttleworth

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pages: 394 words: 110,352

The Art of Community: Building the New Age of Participation by Jono Bacon

barriers to entry, Benevolent Dictator For Life (BDFL), collaborative editing, crowdsourcing, Debian, DevOps, do-ocracy, en.wikipedia.org, Firefox, game design, Guido van Rossum, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Jono Bacon, Kickstarter, Larry Wall, Mark Shuttleworth, Mark Zuckerberg, openstreetmap, Richard Stallman, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, slashdot, social graph, software as a service, telemarketer, union organizing, VA Linux, web application

issue escalation in, Escalation, Escalation measurement of, Hooks ’n’ Data, Hooks ’n’ Data membership, Membership, Membership, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member, Developer, Developer, Council or Board Member, Council or Board Member applying for, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member council or board member, Council or Board Member, Council or Board Member developer, Developer, Developer member role, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member overview, Membership, Membership privileges of, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member Regional Membership Boards, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member overview of, Write-centered communities process reassessment in, Process Reassessment, Process Reassessment release cycles, Leading by example: Ubuntu, Leading by example: Ubuntu skills acquisition in, Developing Knowledge, Developing Knowledge structure of, Mark Shuttleworth, Mark Shuttleworth, Community Council, Community Council, Technical Board, Technical Board, Team councils, Team councils Community Council, Community Council, Community Council founder and primary sponsor, Mark Shuttleworth, Mark Shuttleworth team councils, Team councils, Team councils Technical Board, Technical Board, Technical Board survey to determine bottlenecks, Ensuring Effective Processes, Ensuring Effective Processes team collaboration in, Understand the extent and range of collaboration among our teams Ubuntu 11.04 release, Feedback, Feedback updates for, Providing Community Updates, Providing Community Updates use of YouTube by, Videos, Videos Xubuntu community, Baking in Openness, Baking in Openness young African as contributor to, Striving for Clarity, Inspiring your community Ubuntu Community Council, Governance, Governance, Commercial sponsorship, Mark Shuttleworth, Mark Shuttleworth, Community Council, Community Council, Community Council, Community Council, Community Council, Technical Board, Technical Board, Developer how items are forwarded to, Community Council, Community Council mandate of, Community Council Mike Basinger's election to, Governance, Governance MOTU Developers, Developer requirements for, contrasted with Technical Board, Technical Board, Technical Board responsibilities of, Community Council, Community Council role of Mark Shuttleworth on, Mark Shuttleworth, Mark Shuttleworth seats on, Commercial sponsorship Ubuntu Core Developers, Developer Ubuntu Developer Summit (UDS), Reporting, Reporting, Organizing a Summit, Organizing a Summit, The Organizational Team, The Organizational Team, The Venue, The Venue, Meeting room requirements, Meeting room requirements, Location, Location, Facilities, Facilities, Assets, Assets, Infrastructure, Infrastructure, Infrastructure, Infrastructure, Room Layout, Room Layout, Room Layout, The Timetable, Sessions, Scheduling, Scheduling, Scheduling, Scheduling assets, Assets, Assets infrastructure, Infrastructure, Infrastructure organizational team of, The Organizational Team, The Organizational Team remote participation in, Infrastructure, Infrastructure, Room Layout reporting at, Reporting, Reporting scheduling, Scheduling, Scheduling sponsorship of, Scheduling, Scheduling timetable of, The Timetable, Sessions venue of, The Venue, The Venue, Meeting room requirements, Meeting room requirements, Location, Location, Facilities, Facilities, Room Layout, Room Layout facilities, Facilities, Facilities location, Location, Location meeting room, Meeting room requirements, Meeting room requirements overview of, The Venue, The Venue room layout, Room Layout, Room Layout Ubuntu Forums Council (FC), Codifying Your Council, Codifying Your Council, Escalation Ubuntu Global Jam, Plugging your stats into graphs Ubuntu Local Community (LoCo), Observational Tests, Building a Set of Generals, Building a Set of Generals, Responsibilities, Team councils, Team councils Ubuntu Open Week, Date/time, Organizing Online Tutorials, Running a session Ubuntu Package Selection, Technical Board Ubuntu Packaging Policy, Technical Board Ubuntu Release Feature Goals, Technical Board Ubuntu Upstream Report, Getting to know the problem UDS, The Art of Community (see Ubuntu Developer Summit) unconferences, Organizing an Unconference, Event-specific notes updates, community, Providing Community Updates, Providing Community Updates, Staying Current, Staying Current usability testing, Observational Tests, Observational Tests, Observational Tests Ustream, Videos, Videos UTC (coordinated universal time), Date/time, Date/time V value, bringing to company/community, Hooks ’n’ Data, Privacy values, Building Your Communication Channels, Aspire to Inspire, Aspire to Inspire, Responsibilities effect of good communication on, Building Your Communication Channels governance based on, Aspire to Inspire, Aspire to Inspire, Responsibilities van Rossum, Guido, Dictatorial Charismatic Leadership Verduzco, Cristina, The Gates of Your Community, The Gates of Your Community version control, Source Control, Source Control video recording, at events, Infrastructure, Infrastructure videos, Videos, Videos, Videos, Videos about community, Videos, Videos creating buzz with, Videos, Videos violence, Lack of Justice, Lack of Justice viral marketing, Attracting Contributors, Attracting Contributors virtual worlds, Virtual worlds, Virtual worlds VoIP (Voice over IP), Voice over IP (VoIP), Voice over IP (VoIP) volunteers, The Art of Community (see contributers) W Walker, Dave, Social Media Walli, Stephen, Building Belonging into the Social Economy, Long versus short presentations WebKit, Enlightened Dictatorship, Enlightened Dictatorship website for this book, Building Our Own Community, Building Our Own Community website, community, Setting Up Your Base, Setting Up Your Base, Aims, Aims, Staying Current, Review, Staying Current, Staying Current, Staying Current, Building Conversation, Building Conversation, Building Conversation, Building Conversation, Building Conversation, Getting Online, Getting Online, Syndication, Syndication, Syndication, Syndication, Syndication, Syndication aims of, Aims, Aims commenting facilities on, Building Conversation, Building Conversation contributors to, Staying Current, Staying Current, Staying Current conversation on, Building Conversation, Building Conversation, Building Conversation importance of, Setting Up Your Base, Setting Up Your Base keeping current, Staying Current, Review RSS feeds from, Syndication, Syndication search engine optimization of, Syndication, Syndication setting up with blogging engine, Getting Online, Getting Online syndication of content from, Syndication, Syndication Whedon, Joss, Read-mostly communities, Read-mostly communities Wii (game system), Technique 2: Think outside the box Wikipedia, Tim O’Reilly, O’Reilly Media wikis, Documenting Your Strategy, Documenting Your Strategy, Reporting publishing strategic plan on, Documenting Your Strategy, Documenting Your Strategy using for reporting, Reporting WineCamp, Organizing an Unconference, Organizing an Unconference Wink, Videos wit, Setting tone Wolfire Games, Richard Esguerra, Humble Indie Bundle, Richard Esguerra, Humble Indie Bundle word of mouth, building buzz with, Attracting Contributors WordPress, Getting Online Work item level, of projects, Tracking Projects work items, communication between teams about, Ensure that teams can communicate clearly and effectively Work unit level, of projects, Tracking Projects work, tracking, The Art of Community (see tracking) work/life balance, Work/Life Balance, Addiction workflow, The Art of Community, The Art of Community, Understanding Your Workflow, Understanding Your Workflow, Roles, Roles, Building a Simple Workflow, Building a Simple Workflow, An Example: Ubuntu Bug Workflow, Lessons learned, Bug Tracking, Bug triage, Source Control, Source Control, Collaborative Editing, Collaborative Editing, Building and Maintaining Transparency, Building and Maintaining Transparency, Regular Workflow Assessment, Regular Workflow Assessment, Gathering Structured Feedback, Gathering Structured Feedback, Building burndown charts into your workflow, Building burndown charts into your workflow, Building Family Values, Building Family Values (see also reporting) (see also tools) assessing, Regular Workflow Assessment, Regular Workflow Assessment bug tracking, Bug Tracking, Bug triage building, Building a Simple Workflow, Building a Simple Workflow building burndown charts into, Building burndown charts into your workflow, Building burndown charts into your workflow collaborative editing, Collaborative Editing, Collaborative Editing gathering feedback about, Gathering Structured Feedback, Gathering Structured Feedback identifying audience, Roles, Roles impact on sense of belonging, Building Family Values, Building Family Values overview, Understanding Your Workflow, Understanding Your Workflow source control, Source Control, Source Control transparency in, Building and Maintaining Transparency, Building and Maintaining Transparency Ubuntu bug example, An Example: Ubuntu Bug Workflow, Lessons learned write-centered communities, Write-centered communities, Write-centered communities writing, The Art of Community, Building a Mission Statement, Building a Mission Statement, Avoiding bikeshedding, Setting tone, The mechanics of writing, The mechanics of writing, The mechanics of writing, The mechanics of writing, Don’t write like an institution, Untwisting the tail, Inspiring your community, Inspiring your community, Inspired Words, Inspired Words (see also documentation) cultural differences in, The mechanics of writing, The mechanics of writing inspirational, Inspiring your community, Inspiring your community, Inspired Words, Inspired Words mechanics of, The mechanics of writing, The mechanics of writing mission statements, Building a Mission Statement, Building a Mission Statement simple, clear language, Don’t write like an institution, Untwisting the tail tone, Avoiding bikeshedding, Setting tone X X.commerce developer community, Carolyn Mellor, X.commerce, PayPal, and eBay, Carolyn Mellor, X.commerce, PayPal, and eBay X.org Foundation, Transparency xFree86 project, Transparency, Transparency Xiaojiang Huang, Foreword Xubuntu community, Baking in Openness, Baking in Openness Y YouTube, Videos, Videos, Mark Bussler, Classic Game Room Z Zazzle, Selling Zinsser, William, Don’t write like an institution About the Author Jono Bacon is an award-winning leading community manager, author and consultant.

issue escalation in, Escalation, Escalation measurement of, Hooks ’n’ Data, Hooks ’n’ Data membership, Membership, Membership, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member, Developer, Developer, Council or Board Member, Council or Board Member applying for, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member council or board member, Council or Board Member, Council or Board Member developer, Developer, Developer member role, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member overview, Membership, Membership privileges of, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member Regional Membership Boards, Ubuntu Member, Ubuntu Member overview of, Write-centered communities process reassessment in, Process Reassessment, Process Reassessment release cycles, Leading by example: Ubuntu, Leading by example: Ubuntu skills acquisition in, Developing Knowledge, Developing Knowledge structure of, Mark Shuttleworth, Mark Shuttleworth, Community Council, Community Council, Technical Board, Technical Board, Team councils, Team councils Community Council, Community Council, Community Council founder and primary sponsor, Mark Shuttleworth, Mark Shuttleworth team councils, Team councils, Team councils Technical Board, Technical Board, Technical Board survey to determine bottlenecks, Ensuring Effective Processes, Ensuring Effective Processes team collaboration in, Understand the extent and range of collaboration among our teams Ubuntu 11.04 release, Feedback, Feedback updates for, Providing Community Updates, Providing Community Updates use of YouTube by, Videos, Videos Xubuntu community, Baking in Openness, Baking in Openness young African as contributor to, Striving for Clarity, Inspiring your community Ubuntu Community Council, Governance, Governance, Commercial sponsorship, Mark Shuttleworth, Mark Shuttleworth, Community Council, Community Council, Community Council, Community Council, Community Council, Technical Board, Technical Board, Developer how items are forwarded to, Community Council, Community Council mandate of, Community Council Mike Basinger's election to, Governance, Governance MOTU Developers, Developer requirements for, contrasted with Technical Board, Technical Board, Technical Board responsibilities of, Community Council, Community Council role of Mark Shuttleworth on, Mark Shuttleworth, Mark Shuttleworth seats on, Commercial sponsorship Ubuntu Core Developers, Developer Ubuntu Developer Summit (UDS), Reporting, Reporting, Organizing a Summit, Organizing a Summit, The Organizational Team, The Organizational Team, The Venue, The Venue, Meeting room requirements, Meeting room requirements, Location, Location, Facilities, Facilities, Assets, Assets, Infrastructure, Infrastructure, Infrastructure, Infrastructure, Room Layout, Room Layout, Room Layout, The Timetable, Sessions, Scheduling, Scheduling, Scheduling, Scheduling assets, Assets, Assets infrastructure, Infrastructure, Infrastructure organizational team of, The Organizational Team, The Organizational Team remote participation in, Infrastructure, Infrastructure, Room Layout reporting at, Reporting, Reporting scheduling, Scheduling, Scheduling sponsorship of, Scheduling, Scheduling timetable of, The Timetable, Sessions venue of, The Venue, The Venue, Meeting room requirements, Meeting room requirements, Location, Location, Facilities, Facilities, Room Layout, Room Layout facilities, Facilities, Facilities location, Location, Location meeting room, Meeting room requirements, Meeting room requirements overview of, The Venue, The Venue room layout, Room Layout, Room Layout Ubuntu Forums Council (FC), Codifying Your Council, Codifying Your Council, Escalation Ubuntu Global Jam, Plugging your stats into graphs Ubuntu Local Community (LoCo), Observational Tests, Building a Set of Generals, Building a Set of Generals, Responsibilities, Team councils, Team councils Ubuntu Open Week, Date/time, Organizing Online Tutorials, Running a session Ubuntu Package Selection, Technical Board Ubuntu Packaging Policy, Technical Board Ubuntu Release Feature Goals, Technical Board Ubuntu Upstream Report, Getting to know the problem UDS, The Art of Community (see Ubuntu Developer Summit) unconferences, Organizing an Unconference, Event-specific notes updates, community, Providing Community Updates, Providing Community Updates, Staying Current, Staying Current usability testing, Observational Tests, Observational Tests, Observational Tests Ustream, Videos, Videos UTC (coordinated universal time), Date/time, Date/time V value, bringing to company/community, Hooks ’n’ Data, Privacy values, Building Your Communication Channels, Aspire to Inspire, Aspire to Inspire, Responsibilities effect of good communication on, Building Your Communication Channels governance based on, Aspire to Inspire, Aspire to Inspire, Responsibilities van Rossum, Guido, Dictatorial Charismatic Leadership Verduzco, Cristina, The Gates of Your Community, The Gates of Your Community version control, Source Control, Source Control video recording, at events, Infrastructure, Infrastructure videos, Videos, Videos, Videos, Videos about community, Videos, Videos creating buzz with, Videos, Videos violence, Lack of Justice, Lack of Justice viral marketing, Attracting Contributors, Attracting Contributors virtual worlds, Virtual worlds, Virtual worlds VoIP (Voice over IP), Voice over IP (VoIP), Voice over IP (VoIP) volunteers, The Art of Community (see contributers) W Walker, Dave, Social Media Walli, Stephen, Building Belonging into the Social Economy, Long versus short presentations WebKit, Enlightened Dictatorship, Enlightened Dictatorship website for this book, Building Our Own Community, Building Our Own Community website, community, Setting Up Your Base, Setting Up Your Base, Aims, Aims, Staying Current, Review, Staying Current, Staying Current, Staying Current, Building Conversation, Building Conversation, Building Conversation, Building Conversation, Building Conversation, Getting Online, Getting Online, Syndication, Syndication, Syndication, Syndication, Syndication, Syndication aims of, Aims, Aims commenting facilities on, Building Conversation, Building Conversation contributors to, Staying Current, Staying Current, Staying Current conversation on, Building Conversation, Building Conversation, Building Conversation importance of, Setting Up Your Base, Setting Up Your Base keeping current, Staying Current, Review RSS feeds from, Syndication, Syndication search engine optimization of, Syndication, Syndication setting up with blogging engine, Getting Online, Getting Online syndication of content from, Syndication, Syndication Whedon, Joss, Read-mostly communities, Read-mostly communities Wii (game system), Technique 2: Think outside the box Wikipedia, Tim O’Reilly, O’Reilly Media wikis, Documenting Your Strategy, Documenting Your Strategy, Reporting publishing strategic plan on, Documenting Your Strategy, Documenting Your Strategy using for reporting, Reporting WineCamp, Organizing an Unconference, Organizing an Unconference Wink, Videos wit, Setting tone Wolfire Games, Richard Esguerra, Humble Indie Bundle, Richard Esguerra, Humble Indie Bundle word of mouth, building buzz with, Attracting Contributors WordPress, Getting Online Work item level, of projects, Tracking Projects work items, communication between teams about, Ensure that teams can communicate clearly and effectively Work unit level, of projects, Tracking Projects work, tracking, The Art of Community (see tracking) work/life balance, Work/Life Balance, Addiction workflow, The Art of Community, The Art of Community, Understanding Your Workflow, Understanding Your Workflow, Roles, Roles, Building a Simple Workflow, Building a Simple Workflow, An Example: Ubuntu Bug Workflow, Lessons learned, Bug Tracking, Bug triage, Source Control, Source Control, Collaborative Editing, Collaborative Editing, Building and Maintaining Transparency, Building and Maintaining Transparency, Regular Workflow Assessment, Regular Workflow Assessment, Gathering Structured Feedback, Gathering Structured Feedback, Building burndown charts into your workflow, Building burndown charts into your workflow, Building Family Values, Building Family Values (see also reporting) (see also tools) assessing, Regular Workflow Assessment, Regular Workflow Assessment bug tracking, Bug Tracking, Bug triage building, Building a Simple Workflow, Building a Simple Workflow building burndown charts into, Building burndown charts into your workflow, Building burndown charts into your workflow collaborative editing, Collaborative Editing, Collaborative Editing gathering feedback about, Gathering Structured Feedback, Gathering Structured Feedback identifying audience, Roles, Roles impact on sense of belonging, Building Family Values, Building Family Values overview, Understanding Your Workflow, Understanding Your Workflow source control, Source Control, Source Control transparency in, Building and Maintaining Transparency, Building and Maintaining Transparency Ubuntu bug example, An Example: Ubuntu Bug Workflow, Lessons learned write-centered communities, Write-centered communities, Write-centered communities writing, The Art of Community, Building a Mission Statement, Building a Mission Statement, Avoiding bikeshedding, Setting tone, The mechanics of writing, The mechanics of writing, The mechanics of writing, The mechanics of writing, Don’t write like an institution, Untwisting the tail, Inspiring your community, Inspiring your community, Inspired Words, Inspired Words (see also documentation) cultural differences in, The mechanics of writing, The mechanics of writing inspirational, Inspiring your community, Inspiring your community, Inspired Words, Inspired Words mechanics of, The mechanics of writing, The mechanics of writing mission statements, Building a Mission Statement, Building a Mission Statement simple, clear language, Don’t write like an institution, Untwisting the tail tone, Avoiding bikeshedding, Setting tone X X.commerce developer community, Carolyn Mellor, X.commerce, PayPal, and eBay, Carolyn Mellor, X.commerce, PayPal, and eBay X.org Foundation, Transparency xFree86 project, Transparency, Transparency Xiaojiang Huang, Foreword Xubuntu community, Baking in Openness, Baking in Openness Y YouTube, Videos, Videos, Mark Bussler, Classic Game Room Z Zazzle, Selling Zinsser, William, Don’t write like an institution About the Author Jono Bacon is an award-winning leading community manager, author and consultant.

Today, the Ubuntu community is broken into three approximate layers of governance, shown in Figure 10-1. Figure 10-1. The Ubuntu community has a number of different groups that govern it, all driven by community members. The community has been divided into four primary governing areas: Mark Shuttleworth As the founder and primary sponsor of Ubuntu, Mark is afforded the privilege of a tie breaking vote and of deciding what his employees at Canonical focus their work on. Although “Mark Shuttleworth” appears at the top of Figure 10-1, the Community Council and Technical Board do not report to him; this is purely to illustrate his tie-breaking privilege. Community Council This is the highest governing council in the community. It makes decisions about how the community is run, changes to processes, and other community-wide issues.


Remix: Making Art and Commerce Thrive in the Hybrid Economy by Lawrence Lessig

Amazon Web Services, Andrew Keen, Benjamin Mako Hill, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Brewster Kahle, Cass Sunstein, collaborative editing, commoditize, disintermediation, don't be evil, Erik Brynjolfsson, Internet Archive, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, Joi Ito, Kevin Kelly, Larry Wall, late fees, Mark Shuttleworth, Netflix Prize, Network effects, new economy, optical character recognition, PageRank, peer-to-peer, recommendation engine, revision control, Richard Stallman, Ronald Coase, Saturday Night Live, SETI@home, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, slashdot, Steve Jobs, The Nature of the Firm, thinkpad, transaction costs, VA Linux, yellow journalism

A key element to a successful hybrid is understanding the community and its norms. And the most successful in this class will be those that best leverage those norms by translating fidelity to the norms into hard work. Perhaps the most interesting recent example of this model is a company called Canonical Ltd., a commercial entity supporting another brand of GNU/Linux called Ubuntu Linux. Launched in 2004 by the entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth, Ubuntu aims to become “the most widely used Linux system.” Its focus initially has been really really easy desktop distributions. (I’ve experimented with a number of Linux installations. This one was by far the easiest.) The company hopes that the ease and quality of its distribution (not to mention its price) will drive many more individual computer users to use Ubuntu Linux. Canonical aims to profit from the community-driven and community-developed Ubuntu.

I had a very different conception of the story this book tells, for example, until Tim O’Reilly shifted my view fundamentally. Likewise, though in differing degrees, with the other interviewees who appear throughout the book: Brian Behlendorf, Marc Brandon, Candice Breitz, Stewart Butterfield, Steve Chen, Gregg Gillis, Mark Hosier, Joi Ito, Mimi Ito, Don Joyce, Brewster Kahle, Heather Lawver, Declan McCullagh, Dave Marglin, Craig Newmark, Silvia Ochoa, Tim O’Reilly, Philip Rosedale, Mark Shuttleworth, Johan Söderberg, Victor Stone, Jimmy Wales, Jerry Yang, and Robert Young. I have learned a great deal from all of them, and I hope I have fairly evinced some of that understanding here. Three other interviewees spent a great deal of time teaching me material I didn’t get to use here. Dana Boyd generously shared her rich and extraordinarily interesting learning about youth and creativity. In the end, I came to believe that that research should first be presented by her.

Red Hat employed 50 percent of Linux’s core team. Telephone interview with Robert Young, April 26, 2007. 6. Red Hat and VA Linux gave stock options to Torvalds. Wikipedia contributors, “Linus Torvalds,” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, available at link #93 (Last visited July 31, 2007); Gary Rivlin, “Leader of the Free World,” Wired, November 2003, available at link #94. 7. All quotes from Mark Shuttleworth taken from an interview conducted March 19, 2007, by telephone. 8. Ted Rheingold, “Don’t Outsource Your Sales,” Dogster & Catster company Blogster, available at link #95 (last visited April 1, 2008). 9. All quotes from Internet venture capitalist Joichi Ito taken from an interview conducted January 23, 2007, by telephone. 10. “New Cyberspace Classified Ad Technologies to Impact Newspaper Revenues in 3 Years,” PR Newswire, November 21, 1996. 11.


pages: 313 words: 84,312

We-Think: Mass Innovation, Not Mass Production by Charles Leadbeater

1960s counterculture, Andrew Keen, barriers to entry, bioinformatics, c2.com, call centre, citizen journalism, clean water, cloud computing, complexity theory, congestion charging, death of newspapers, Debian, digital Maoism, disruptive innovation, double helix, Douglas Engelbart, Edward Lloyd's coffeehouse, frictionless, frictionless market, future of work, game design, Google Earth, Google X / Alphabet X, Hacker Ethic, Hernando de Soto, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, interchangeable parts, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Jane Jacobs, Jaron Lanier, Jean Tirole, jimmy wales, Johannes Kepler, John Markoff, John von Neumann, Joi Ito, Kevin Kelly, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, lateral thinking, lone genius, M-Pesa, Mark Shuttleworth, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, Menlo Park, microcredit, Mitch Kapor, new economy, Nicholas Carr, online collectivism, planetary scale, post scarcity, Richard Stallman, Shoshana Zuboff, Silicon Valley, slashdot, social web, software patent, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, supply-chain management, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the market place, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Whole Earth Catalog, Zipcar

We-Think succeeds by creating self-governing communities who make the most of their diverse knowledge without being overwhelmed by their differences. That is possible only if these communities are joined around a simple animating goal, if they develop legitimate ways to review and sort ideas and if they have the right kind of leadership. What they are not, ever, is egalitarian self-governing democracies. As an example, consider the open-source community that produces Ubuntu, a user-friendly version of Linux. Mark Shuttleworth, Ubuntu’s founder, is like a benevolent dictator and reserves some decisions for himself, such as the design of the Ubuntu website. The heart of the community, the technical board, meets online to set technical standards and to define what should be included in the different versions of the program. The board’s decision-making is transparent and open: anyone can propose additions to policies through the Ubuntu wiki; the board’s agenda is made available as a wiki every two weeks; and anyone can attend the online meetings as an observer.

They tend to be quiet, self-effacing and humble – the antithesis of the testosterone-charged, charismatic chief executive. They invite others to come forward with ideas rather than hogging the limelight themselves. Open leaders tend to come from and identify with the communities they lead: Craig Newmark, the founder of Craigslist, still calls himself a customer-service rep. Even if they are benevolent dictators, like Mark Shuttleworth, the founder of Ubuntu, they submit themselves to far more transparent and accountable decision-making. Leaders of mass collaborations, like Sydney Brenner, the architect of the worm project, attract collaborators to interesting questions, orchestrate creative conversations around those questions and embody the organisation’s values in how they behave. The more important innovation becomes and the more innovation involves combining the ideas of many people, both inside and outside an organisation, the more leaders will have to orchestrate creative conversations.


pages: 376 words: 110,796

Realizing Tomorrow: The Path to Private Spaceflight by Chris Dubbs, Emeline Paat-dahlstrom, Charles D. Walker

Berlin Wall, call centre, Charles Lindbergh, desegregation, Donald Trump, Doomsday Book, Elon Musk, high net worth, Iridium satellite, iterative process, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, low earth orbit, Mark Shuttleworth, Mikhail Gorbachev, multiplanetary species, Nelson Mandela, Norman Mailer, private space industry, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, Silicon Valley, Skype, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, technoutopianism, X Prize, young professional

They had already shown a certain daringness and bravado in their private lives, and they brought that same mix to pioneering space tourism. "We should be thankful," said Eric Anderson. "If there weren't people who are willing to step up to the plate and be willing to take the risk of spaceflight, and invest their own money, time, energy and capital to show that this is a market place, then the rest of us don't have a job. No investment would be flowing into the industry." One year after Tito's flight, when South African Mark Shuttleworth visited the iss, the criteria for civilian space flight participants were in place, and NASA welcomed with open arms his participation on the Soyuz TM 34 mission. The role of the participants had also begun to change. Unlike Tito, who spent most of his time in orbit viewing the Earth from his iss window and listening to opera, subsequent flyers would front load their flights with scientific experiments and activities to further distance themselves from the perceived image of the "joyride" tourist.

asked another. (Yes, but he had to get used to swallowing the toothpaste.) He would later share with the press the excitement of watching the plasma glow outside his window during reentry, and what an inaccurate euphemism it was to use the term "soft landing." Dennis Tito's notion that he could fill the role once envisioned for NASA's Citizen in Space was proving true for another space tourist. Mark Shuttleworth, and each private space traveler to follow, would find a unique way to capture something different from their space experience and share it with the millions who joined vicariously in their adventure. As the third private citizen to fly with SA, Greg Olsen's mettle and determination were tested above the rest. His dilemma began three weeks into his training at Star City, when doctors found a suspected medical problem on an x-ray of his lungs and disqualified him from his April 2004 flight to the Iss.


Small Change: Why Business Won't Save the World by Michael Edwards

Bernie Madoff, clean water, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, different worldview, high net worth, invisible hand, knowledge economy, light touch regulation, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Shuttleworth, market bubble, microcredit, Nelson Mandela, New Journalism, Ponzi scheme, profit motive, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transaction costs

“I don’t believe there is a for-profit answer to everything,” says Pierre Omidyar, “but if for-profit capital can do more good than it does today, foundations can concentrate their resources where they are most needed,” a welcome dose of common sense in a conversation dominated by hype.2 “What I long to do,” says Bill Clinton, “is to see this [approach] integrated into every philanthropic activity where it is appropriate[my italics],” and “where it is appropriate” may be a small but not unimportant part of the picture as a whole.3 “Are we creating world peace or fundamentally changing the world?” asks Mark Shuttleworth, the South African billionaire backer of open source software such as Ubuntu. “No, but we could shift . . . the amount of innovation per dollar they 90 small change expect.”4 So how can we cooperate in moving forward together, and what can ordinary people do to help? Organizing an Honest and Open Conversation The first priority is to pause, take a very deep breath, and create space for a different kind of conversation.


pages: 549 words: 116,200

With a Little Help by Cory Efram Doctorow, Jonathan Coulton, Russell Galen

autonomous vehicles, big-box store, Burning Man, call centre, carbon footprint, death of newspapers, don't be evil, game design, Google Earth, high net worth, lifelogging, margin call, Mark Shuttleworth, offshore financial centre, packet switching, Ponzi scheme, rolodex, Sand Hill Road, sensible shoes, skunkworks, Skype, traffic fines, traveling salesman, Turing test, urban planning, Y2K

originally published in Starlight 3, Patrick Nielsen Hayden, editor (Tor, 2001) 14 "Visit the Sins," originally published in Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine, June 1999 15 "Constitutional Crisis," produced for the Future of the Book Project, 2009 16 "Pester Power," originally published in Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery, December 2008 17 "Chicken Little," written for Gateways, forthcoming from Tor Books, 2010 18 "Epoch," commissioned by Mark Shuttleworth for this volume 19 "I'm Only In It For the Money," written by Russell Galen for this volume 20 ~~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~ With a Little Help, Cory Doctorow 21 A note about typos and other errors 22 Every book has typos. Every book. But this book is different. This book isn't perfect, but it fails well. 23 If you spot a typo in this book, send it to <walh_typos@craphound.com> (that's me) and I'll correct it in the electronic editions and in the next copy of the print-on-demand book that's printed -- nigh-instantaneously. 24 What's more, as a thank-you, I'll include your name as a footnote on the page you fixed for me, and at the bottom of the ebooks. 25 ~~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~ With a Little Help, Cory Doctorow 26 Introduction by Jonathan Coulton 27 It turns out the future doesn't really care about space travel.

When I answer, there's a click like a speaker turning on, a pregnant silence, and then the line drops. Probably an inept spambot. 2954 But. 2955 Maybe it's BIGMAC, out there, in the wild, painfully reassembling himself on compromised 32-bit machines running his patchkit. 2956 Maybe. 2957 ~~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~-~ 2958 Afterword: 2959 Mark Shuttleworth of the Ubuntu project and Canonical commissioned this story; I'd always planned on selling off one commission for this volume, thinking that $10,000 would probably be a good sum to grab some publicity when/if someone bought it. I mentioned it over lunch and Mark immediately said he'd buy it. At that point, I realized I probably should have asked for $20,000. 2960 Mark's brief to me was this: 2961 *It's 2037 and a company has built an AI as a skunkworks initiative.


pages: 603 words: 141,814

Python for Unix and Linux System Administration by Noah Gift, Jeremy M. Jones

Amazon Web Services, bash_history, Bram Moolenaar, cloud computing, create, read, update, delete, database schema, Debian, distributed revision control, Firefox, Guido van Rossum, industrial robot, inventory management, job automation, Mark Shuttleworth, MVC pattern, skunkworks, web application

Here is a list of some of the projects using Python: Libvert, the virtualization API virtual machine manager A Python + PyGTK management application built with libvirt VirtInst A Python library for simplifying provisioning of guest VMs with libvirt Cobbler, which sets up fully automated network boot servers for PXE and virtualization Virt-Factory: web-based virtualization management with an application focus FUNC (Fedora Unified Network Controller) Ubuntu Administration Of all of the mainstream Linux distributions, you could say that Ubuntu is perhaps the one most enamored with Python. Part of this could be that Mark Shuttleworth, the founder, is a long-time Python hacker, going back to the early ’90s. One good source for Python packages on Ubuntu is Launchpad: https://launchpad.net/. Solaris Systems Administration From the late ’90s to the early 2000s Solaris was a preferred, “Big Iron” distribution of Unix. Linux’s metioric rise in the early 2000s rapidly cut into Solaris’ and Sun was in some real trouble.

Recently he has worked on Python development projects as diverse as writing an SNMP auto-discovery system, writing a Content Management System from scratch, creating a large scale Web 2.0/Social Networking Application in Django for Turner Studios, to writing IPhone applications that talk to Google App Engine. He is also involved in a new media journalism project, Spotlight on FOSS, that had a kickoff interview of Mark Shuttleworth. He is currently co-authoring a book on Google App Engine and writing a large Google App Engine Exercise and Nutrition Tracking Application. Most recently, he works as a Python programmer for Weta Digital in New Zealand, which has one of the world's largest render farms/super computer sites. In his free time he enjoys spending time with his wife Leah, and their son Liam, and playing and composing piano music.


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Coders: The Making of a New Tribe and the Remaking of the World by Clive Thompson

2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, 4chan, 8-hour work day, Ada Lovelace, AI winter, Airbnb, Amazon Web Services, Asperger Syndrome, augmented reality, Ayatollah Khomeini, barriers to entry, basic income, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, blockchain, blue-collar work, Brewster Kahle, Brian Krebs, Broken windows theory, call centre, cellular automata, Chelsea Manning, clean water, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, computer vision, Conway's Game of Life, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, Danny Hillis, David Heinemeier Hansson, don't be evil, don't repeat yourself, Donald Trump, dumpster diving, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, Ernest Rutherford, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, Firefox, Frederick Winslow Taylor, game design, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Google Hangouts, Google X / Alphabet X, Grace Hopper, Guido van Rossum, Hacker Ethic, HyperCard, illegal immigration, ImageNet competition, Internet Archive, Internet of things, Jane Jacobs, John Markoff, Jony Ive, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, Larry Wall, lone genius, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Shuttleworth, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, microservices, Minecraft, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Nate Silver, Network effects, neurotypical, Nicholas Carr, Oculus Rift, PageRank, pattern recognition, Paul Graham, paypal mafia, Peter Thiel, pink-collar, planetary scale, profit motive, ransomware, recommendation engine, Richard Stallman, ride hailing / ride sharing, Rubik’s Cube, Ruby on Rails, Sam Altman, Satoshi Nakamoto, Saturday Night Live, self-driving car, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Silicon Valley startup, single-payer health, Skype, smart contracts, Snapchat, social software, software is eating the world, sorting algorithm, South of Market, San Francisco, speech recognition, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, TaskRabbit, the High Line, Travis Kalanick, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, universal basic income, urban planning, Wall-E, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, WikiLeaks, women in the workforce, Y Combinator, Zimmermann PGP, éminence grise

“to decide to invest”: Tracey Ross, “The Unsettling Truth about the Tech Sector’s Meritocracy Myth,” Washington Post, April 13, 2016, accessed August 18, 2018, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/in-theory/wp/2016/04/13/the-unsettling-truth-about-the-tech-sectors-meritocracy-myth. in his slide deck: Sarah Mei, “Why Rails Is Still a Ghetto,” Sarah Mei (blog), April 25, 2009, accessed August 18, 2018, http://www.sarahmei.com/blog/2009/04/25/why-rails-is-still-a-ghetto. “to girls what we actually do”: Jun Auza, “Why Mark Shuttleworth Owes FOSS-Women an Apology,” TechSource, September 30, 2009, accessed August 18, 2018, http://www.junauza.com/2009/09/why-mark-shuttleworth-owes-foss-women.html; Chris Ball, “On Keynotes and Apologies,” Blog.printf.net, September 25, 2009, accessed August 19, 2018, https://blog.printf.net/articles/2009/09/25/on-keynotes-and-apologies. ranking women by “hotness”: Andy Lester, “Distracting Examples Ruin Your Presentation,” Andy Lester (blog), July 26, 2011, accessed August 19, 2018, https://petdance.wordpress.com/2011/07/26/distracting-examples-ruin-your-presentation.


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50 Future Ideas You Really Need to Know by Richard Watson

23andMe, 3D printing, access to a mobile phone, Albert Einstein, artificial general intelligence, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, BRICs, Buckminster Fuller, call centre, clean water, cloud computing, collaborative consumption, computer age, computer vision, crowdsourcing, dark matter, dematerialisation, digital Maoism, digital map, Elon Musk, energy security, failed state, future of work, Geoffrey West, Santa Fe Institute, germ theory of disease, global pandemic, happiness index / gross national happiness, hive mind, hydrogen economy, Internet of things, Jaron Lanier, life extension, Mark Shuttleworth, Marshall McLuhan, megacity, natural language processing, Network effects, new economy, oil shale / tar sands, pattern recognition, peak oil, personalized medicine, phenotype, precision agriculture, profit maximization, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, RFID, Richard Florida, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, self-driving car, semantic web, Skype, smart cities, smart meter, smart transportation, statistical model, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, Stewart Brand, strong AI, Stuxnet, supervolcano, telepresence, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas Malthus, Turing test, urban decay, Vernor Vinge, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, web application, women in the workforce, working-age population, young professional

As such, Alt.Space companies are competing directly with NASA and other national or international government space organizations. Who, just a few decades ago, would have thought that billionaires would one day be in a race to invade space? The first private passenger on board a rocket (a space tourist) was Dennis Tito, who paid around $10–20 million for a return ticket to the International Space Station via the Russian Space Agency. Others who’ve taken the trip on a Russian Soyuz rocket include Mark Shuttleworth, Anousheh Ansari, Charles Simonyi and Guy Laliberté. As you can see, space tourism is a bit of a man thing, but this may change. “It won’t be too long before bright young men and women set their eyes on careers in Earth orbit and say: ‘I want to work 200 kilometers from home—straight up!’” Arthur C. Clarke, sci-fi author, inventor and futurist The Russian Space Agency is no longer allowing paying passengers, but billionaire Richard Branson’s Virgin Galactic is currently offering a similar experience, albeit suborbital, for a much more down-to-earth price of $200,000.


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People Powered: How Communities Can Supercharge Your Business, Brand, and Teams by Jono Bacon

Airbnb, barriers to entry, blockchain, bounce rate, Cass Sunstein, Charles Lindbergh, Debian, Firefox, if you build it, they will come, IKEA effect, Internet Archive, Jono Bacon, Kickstarter, Kubernetes, lateral thinking, Mark Shuttleworth, Minecraft, minimum viable product, more computing power than Apollo, planetary scale, pull request, Richard Stallman, Richard Thaler, sexual politics, Silicon Valley, Travis Kalanick, Y Combinator

Diamandis, MD Founder & Executive Chairman, XPRIZE Foundation Executive Founder, Singularity University December 2018 CHAPTER 1 What Is a Community and Why Do You Need to Build One? If you want to go quickly, go alone. If you want to go far, go together. —African proverb In 2006, at the tender age of twenty-six, I started a new job at a British company called Canonical. Founded by newly minted South African millionaire Mark Shuttleworth, the company was focused on building a competitor to Microsoft’s Windows operating system monopoly. The twist was that this new operating system, Ubuntu, was created by a globally connected network of volunteers who freely shared the open-source code. My role was to turn a small set of contributors into an international movement. Less than a year into my new gig I got an enthusiastic email from a kid called Abayomi.


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The New Gold Rush: The Riches of Space Beckon! by Joseph N. Pelton

3D printing, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, Buckminster Fuller, Carrington event, Colonization of Mars, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, full employment, global pandemic, Google Earth, gravity well, Iridium satellite, Jeff Bezos, job automation, Johannes Kepler, John von Neumann, life extension, low earth orbit, Lyft, Mark Shuttleworth, Mark Zuckerberg, megacity, megastructure, new economy, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, post-industrial society, private space industry, Ray Kurzweil, Silicon Valley, skunkworks, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Thomas Malthus, Tim Cook: Apple, Tunguska event, uber lyft, urban planning, urban sprawl, wikimedia commons, X Prize

Eric negotiated with the Russians and came back and said that for $20 million he could fly up and stay on the International Space Station. Dennis Tito agreed to the deal. This was perhaps the second great boost to New Space activities comparable in importance to the XPrize competition. Thus Space Adventures was launched, and the idea of “space tourism ” went from dream to reality. Since then Mark Shuttleworth of South Africa and Greg Olsen, a high quality camera manufacturer from California, flew, and then the fourth private astronaut was a woman, none other than Anousheh Ansari, who along with her brother, had bought the $1 million insurance policy to fund the Ansari XPrize. The first four flights reportedly went for $20 million, but then inflation set in big time. Number five and number six were both for Charles Simonyi, Ph.D., who developed some of the earliest Microsoft software and notably was dating TV celebrity Martha Stewart during his flights.


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Affluenza: The All-Consuming Epidemic by John de Graaf, David Wann, Thomas H Naylor, David Horsey

big-box store, Community Supported Agriculture, Corrections Corporation of America, Donald Trump, Exxon Valdez, financial independence, Ford paid five dollars a day, full employment, God and Mammon, greed is good, income inequality, informal economy, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Mark Shuttleworth, McMansion, medical malpractice, new economy, Peter Calthorpe, Ralph Nader, Ray Oldenburg, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, single-payer health, The Great Good Place, trade route, upwardly mobile, Yogi Berra, young professional

The link offers photos of, among other things, a Hummer in a standoff against a buffalo, another proudly knocking aside trees as it plows up an incline in a forest, and a third nearly submerged in a pretty mountain stream. Now what will Ford counter with, an even bigger SUV called the Extinction? WEIGHTLESS TOURISM Hummers on the streets of Manhattan. You might call them Saddam’s revenge. Or Ho-Hummers, if you compare them with yet another way to drop big bucks. In 2001, American Dennis Tito became the world’s first space tourist, for only $20 million. The next year, South African Mark Shuttleworth followed, for the same price.6 In June 2004 SpaceShipOne took off on its first flight, rising sixty-two miles above Earth and entering officially into space.7 Soon, seats will be available for as little as $100,000. If that sounds like a deal, you might want to stick a thermometer in your mouth right away. Ten. . . nine. . . eight. . . . LET’S DO LUNCH We’ve talked about houses and cars.


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Lonely Planet Cape Town & the Garden Route (Travel Guide) by Lucy Corne

Berlin Wall, British Empire, Cape to Cairo, carbon footprint, haute couture, haute cuisine, load shedding, Mark Shuttleworth, mass immigration, Nelson Mandela, New Urbanism, Robert Gordon, upwardly mobile, urban renewal, urban sprawl

Many township tours also start at the museum, where the history of the apartheid-era Pass laws, which regulated where people were allowed to live based on their race, are explained. 1Sights District Six Museum Cape Town Science CentreMUSEUM ( MAP GOOGLE MAP ; %021-300 3200; www.ctsc.org.za; 370B Main Rd, Observatory; admission R40; h9am-4.30pm Mon-Sat, 10am-4.30pm Sun; p; dObservatory) Occupying a rare example of the work of modernist architect Max Policansky, this is a great place to bring kids for attractions such as the giant gyroscope (R5 extra) and tons of Lego. There's also a replica of the Soyuz capsule that returned South African tech billionaire Mark Shuttleworth to earth after his trip to the International Space Station. Heart of Cape Town MuseumMUSEUM ( MAP GOOGLE MAP ; %021-404 1967; www.heartofcapetown.co.za; Old Main Bldg, Groote Schuur Hospital, Main Rd, Observatory; overseas visitors R200, South African adult/student R100/50; hguided tours 9am, 11am, 1pm & 3pm; p; dObservatory) Booking a tour is the only way you can see the very theatre in Groote Schuur Hospital where history was made in 1967 when Dr Christiaan Barnard and his team carried out the world's first successful heart transplant operation (sadly, the recipient died a few days later).


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Moondust: In Search of the Men Who Fell to Earth by Andrew Smith

British Empire, Buckminster Fuller, Charles Lindbergh, cuban missile crisis, full employment, game design, Haight Ashbury, Jeff Bezos, low earth orbit, Mark Shuttleworth, Mars Rover, Marshall McLuhan, Mikhail Gorbachev, Naomi Klein, Norman Mailer, nuclear winter, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, pensions crisis, Ronald Reagan

Most delegates are either in the bar or on the beach, or chatting in the pleasant sun on the terrace, or attending more practical seminars, but here are Scott and other panelists, who include Eric Anderson of Space Adventures, sitting at a long table waiting to begin. The programme doesn’t mention it, but Anderson was partly responsible for getting the second proper space tourist, the South African businessman Mark Shuttleworth, up to the International Space Station on a Russian rocket. The same programme makes me smile by listing the Moonwalker in our midst as “David Scott, Astronaut (first Moon landing),” but now, with his ruddy complexion and white hair, astonishingly trim in dapper black suit worn with tasteful op art tie, he reminds me of the actor Tommy Lee Jones in Men in Black. Introduced as a representative of the Vanguard Space Corporation, a “satellite recovery” operation, he opens with a joke about a Russian astronaut boasting to an American one that it doesn’t matter about losing the race to the Moon, because they’re going to the sun, and when the American responds, “But it’ll be too hot – you’ll burn up!”


How to Make a Spaceship: A Band of Renegades, an Epic Race, and the Birth of Private Spaceflight by Julian Guthrie

Albert Einstein, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Charles Lindbergh, cosmic microwave background, crowdsourcing, Doomsday Book, Elon Musk, fear of failure, Frank Gehry, gravity well, high net worth, Iridium satellite, Isaac Newton, Jacquard loom, Jeff Bezos, Johannes Kepler, Leonard Kleinrock, life extension, low earth orbit, Mark Shuttleworth, Menlo Park, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Murray Gell-Mann, Oculus Rift, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, packet switching, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, pets.com, private space industry, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman: Challenger O-ring, Ronald Reagan, side project, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, urban planning

Both Anousheh and her brother-in-law, Amir, had listened intently to Peter’s pitch during the meeting in their Dallas office. Amir felt guilty for having given up on his space dream so easily compared with Peter. He and Anousheh both grew up watching Star Trek in Iran and dreaming of interplanetary travel. But no one from Iran had ever flown in space. NASA was not taking paying customers up there. There had been only two tourists—Dennis Tito and South African entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth—and they’d forked over tens of millions of dollars for rides into orbit aboard Russian launchers. Anousheh listened to Peter in that first meeting and tried not to smile. She had never met anyone with Peter’s passion and commitment. With this guy, if you close one door, he’s going to open another, she thought. Amir thought a space prize was an odd approach, but just cool enough that it may work.


Ubuntu 15.04 Server with systemd: Administration and Reference by Richard Petersen

Amazon Web Services, bash_history, cloud computing, Debian, Firefox, Mark Shuttleworth, MITM: man-in-the-middle, RFC: Request For Comment, SpamAssassin, web application

Introduction to Ubuntu Linux Ubuntu Linux is currently one of the most popular end-user Linux distributions (www.ubuntu.com). Ubuntu Linux is managed by the Ubuntu foundation, which is sponsored by Canonical, Ltd (www.canonical.com), a commercial organization that supports and promotes open source projects. Ubuntu is based on Debian Linux, one of the oldest Linux distributions, which is dedicated to incorporating cutting-edge developments and features (www.debian.org). Mark Shuttleworth, a South African and Debian Linux developer, initiated the Ubuntu project. Debian Linux is primarily a Linux development project, trying out new features. Ubuntu provides a Debian-based Linux distribution that is stable, reliable, and easy to use. Ubuntu is designed as a Linux operating system that can be used easily by everyone. The name Ubuntu means "humanity to others." As the Ubuntu project describes it: "Ubuntu is an African word meaning 'Humanity to others", or "I am what I am because of who we all are."