Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources

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pages: 321 words: 89,109

The New Gold Rush: The Riches of Space Beckon! by Joseph N. Pelton

3D printing, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, Buckminster Fuller, Carrington event, Colonization of Mars, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, full employment, global pandemic, Google Earth, gravity well, Iridium satellite, Jeff Bezos, job automation, Johannes Kepler, John von Neumann, life extension, low earth orbit, Lyft, Mark Shuttleworth, Mark Zuckerberg, megacity, megastructure, new economy, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, post-industrial society, private space industry, Ray Kurzweil, Silicon Valley, skunkworks, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Thomas Malthus, Tim Cook: Apple, Tunguska event, uber lyft, urban planning, urban sprawl, wikimedia commons, X Prize

Well before Tsiokovsky another genius, Leonardo da Vinci, said, quite poetically: “Once you have tasted flight, you will forever walk the earth with your eyes turned skyward, for there you have been, and there you will always long to return.” The founder of the X-Prize and of Planetary Resources, Inc., Dr. Peter Diamandis, has much more brashly said much the same thing in quite different words when he said: “The meek shall inherit the Earth. The rest of us will go to Mars.” The New Space Billionaires Peter Diamandis is not alone in his thinking. From the list of “visionaries” quoted earlier, Elon Musk, the founder of SpaceX; Sir Richard Branson, the founder of Virgin Galactic; and Paul Allen, the co-founder of Microsoft and the man who financed SpaceShipOne, the world’s first successful spaceplane have all said the future will include a vibrant new space economy.

Lockheed Martin scientists who are working on what they call their compact fusion system have indicated that their plans, however, currently envision the use of deuterium and tritium available from “heavy water” that is obtainable here on Earth. One leading space mining zealot, Peter Diamandis, has yet another slant on space mining. He says that Planetary Resources’ Akyrd-3R probe will be seeking out asteroids that contain not only water and volatiles that could be used for fuels but also asteroids that are extremely high in platinum. Diamandis believes that some of these asteroids that could be steered back to orbit the Earth or the Moon, and some of the asteroids out there might have an ultimate market value as high as in the hundreds of billions of dollars, based on current values. Of course that much platinum might affect the global market prices just a tad.

Today there are real world companies that are not trying to imagine a future world in space but rather trying to invent it. Enterprises such as Deep Space Industries, Planetary Resources, SpaceX or Bigelow Aerospace are actually intent on developing the technology to create a new off world reality and invent space habitats in which people can live for extended periods of time. When Peter Diamandis said: “The meek shall inherit the world. The rest of us will go to Mars,” it was less of a joke and more of a manifesto. Few entrepreneurs in the space industry have been so intent on trying to realize a new and viable space future where people could actually live and exist on other celestial bodies for prolonged periods of time. Part of this intensity was to make the new space future happen within his lifetime. But Peter Diamandis and Elon Musk are far from alone. There are now thousands at work to create spaceplanes, design space habitats, and to develop hundreds of new space-related technologies that are crucial to off-world enterprises.


pages: 368 words: 96,825

Bold: How to Go Big, Create Wealth and Impact the World by Peter H. Diamandis, Steven Kotler

3D printing, additive manufacturing, Airbnb, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Amazon Web Services, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, Charles Lindbergh, cloud computing, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, dematerialisation, deskilling, disruptive innovation, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Exxon Valdez, fear of failure, Firefox, Galaxy Zoo, Google Glasses, Google Hangouts, gravity well, ImageNet competition, industrial robot, Internet of things, Jeff Bezos, John Harrison: Longitude, John Markoff, Jono Bacon, Just-in-time delivery, Kickstarter, Kodak vs Instagram, Law of Accelerating Returns, Lean Startup, life extension, loss aversion, Louis Pasteur, low earth orbit, Mahatma Gandhi, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Mars Rover, meta analysis, meta-analysis, microbiome, minimum viable product, move fast and break things, Narrative Science, Netflix Prize, Network effects, Oculus Rift, optical character recognition, packet switching, PageRank, pattern recognition, performance metric, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, Peter Thiel, pre–internet, Ray Kurzweil, recommendation engine, Richard Feynman, ride hailing / ride sharing, risk tolerance, rolodex, self-driving car, sentiment analysis, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, skunkworks, Skype, smart grid, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, superconnector, technoutopianism, telepresence, telepresence robot, Turing test, urban renewal, web application, X Prize, Y Combinator, zero-sum game

Finally, we wish to thank the hundreds and thousands of fans and readers who have given us feedback through Google+, Facebook, and email as we developed this content. The names of these friends can be found here: www.BoldtheBook.com/supporters. PETER H. DIAMANDIS is a New York Times–bestselling author and the founder of more than 15 high-tech companies. He is the CEO of the XPRIZE (xprize.org), executive chairman of the Singularity University (SingularityU.org), a Silicon Valley–based institution backed by Google, 3-D Systems, and NASA. He is cochairman of Planetary Resources, Inc. and the cofounder of Human Longevity, Inc. Dr. Diamandis attended MIT, where he received his degrees in molecular genetics and aerospace engineering, and Harvard Medical School, where he received his MD. In 2014 he was named one of “The World’s 50 Greatest Leaders” by Fortune magazine.

How can I get involved?” The idea is so convincing that your mind accepts it as fact and your focus shifts from probabilities to implications. Plotting the Line of Super Credibility Plotting the Line of Super-Credibility. (1) Non-credible rollout; (2) credible rollout, non-credible performance; (3) credible rollout, super-credible performance; and (4) super-credible rollout. Source: Peter H. Diamandis Unless Planetary Resources was introduced to the world far above that line, clearly it would be dismissed out of hand. We needed to assemble a team that people would intuitively trust to execute this vision. Chris Lewicki—who had run three different billion-dollar Mars missions at NASA’s fabled Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)—was our first stop. With him as our president and chief engineer, we went on to recruit many of the top engineers who built, designed, and operated Mars rover Curiosity (we knew we were on the right track when Eric received a call from the head of JPL asking us to kindly stop recruiting his best people).

Hello, Exponential Chapter Two: Exponential Technology: The Democratization of the Power to Change the World Chapter Three: Five to Change the World PART TWO: BOLD MINDSET Chapter Four: Climbing Mount Bold Chapter Five: The Secrets of Going Big Chapter Six: Billionaire Wisdom: Thinking at Scale PART THREE: THE BOLD CROWD Chapter Seven: Crowdsourcing: Marketplace of the Rising Billion Chapter Eight: Crowdfunding: No Bucks, No Buck Rogers Chapter Nine: Building Communities Chapter Ten: Incentive Competitions: Getting the Best and Brightest to Help Solve Your Challenges Afterword: Next Steps—How to Take Action Acknowledgments About Peter H. Diamandis and Steven Kotler Notes Index PETER’S DEDICATION I dedicate this book to my parents, Harry P. Diamandis, MD and Tula Diamandis, whose bold journey from the Greek island of Lesvos to the United States, and their success in medicine and family inspired me to go big, create wealth, and impact the world. STEVEN’S DEDICATION This one is for Jamie Wheal, my great friend and partner in the Flow Genome Project, without whom this journey would be a lot less interesting and make a lot less sense.


pages: 280 words: 74,559

Fully Automated Luxury Communism by Aaron Bastani

"Robert Solow", autonomous vehicles, banking crisis, basic income, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Bretton Woods, capital controls, cashless society, central bank independence, collapse of Lehman Brothers, computer age, computer vision, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, decarbonisation, dematerialisation, Donald Trump, double helix, Elon Musk, energy transition, Erik Brynjolfsson, financial independence, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, future of work, G4S, housing crisis, income inequality, industrial robot, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet of things, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Jeff Bezos, job automation, John Markoff, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, Joseph Schumpeter, Kevin Kelly, Kuiper Belt, land reform, liberal capitalism, low earth orbit, low skilled workers, M-Pesa, market fundamentalism, means of production, mobile money, more computing power than Apollo, new economy, off grid, pattern recognition, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, post scarcity, post-work, price mechanism, price stability, private space industry, Productivity paradox, profit motive, race to the bottom, RFID, rising living standards, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, sensor fusion, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, Slavoj Žižek, stem cell, Stewart Brand, technoutopianism, the built environment, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, transatlantic slave trade, Travis Kalanick, universal basic income, V2 rocket, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, Whole Earth Catalog, working-age population

The United States is far from acting uniquely in this respect. By January 2017 Luxembourg had already begun to create the legal frameworks for asteroid mining companies to base themselves in the Duchy, an offer quickly taken up by Planetary Resources – a company looking to establish itself as a key player in the industry. This flurry of rhetoric, lobbying and legal activity should be expected. After all, we stand on the brink of a paradigm shift in resources. Some see that as a route to fantastic personal wealth. As Peter Diamandis, co-founder of Planetary Resources put it, ‘I believe the first trillionaires will be made in space and the resources that we’re talking about are multi-trillion-dollar assets.’ Beyond the Limits of the Earth The existence of asteroids was confirmed at the dawn of the nineteenth century when, in 1801, the minor planet Ceres was observed for the first time.

Measuring over 200 kilometres in diameter, it is one of the largest asteroids in our solar system, composed of iron, nickel and rarer elements such as copper, gold and platinum. The ‘value’ of this giant floating mine? Around $10,000 quadrillion – and that’s just the iron. To be clear, Psyche is a rarity. But it demonstrates a crucial point: mining space would create such outlandish supply as to collapse prices on Earth. In August 2017 Peter Diamandis, co-founder of Planetary Resources, asked Blue Origin’s Erika Wagner who would win in a fight between her boss, Jeff Bezos, and Elon Musk. ‘So, Peter, let me tell you about what we’re doing at Blue Origin,’ Wagner diplomatically replied. ‘We’re really looking towards a future of millions of people living and working in space. The thing I think is really fantastic … is that the universe is infinitely large, and so, we don’t need any fisticuffs … we’re all going to go out there and create this future together.’

Unsurprisingly China has similar ambitions with the China National Space Administration looking to send and return a lander to the dwarf planet Ceres at some point during the 2030s. But while most of the investment is coming from states, as has always been the case with space exploration, it is the private sector which is looking to reap the benefits. The leading actors in this embryonic field – Deep Space Industries and Planetary Resources – have chosen to adopt a similar approach to one another, focusing on prospecting asteroids through a mix of low-cost satellite technology and landers. DSI have developed what they call the Xplorer while Planetary Resources have a strikingly similar architecture which goes by the name of Arkyd. With local fuel generation and mining some way off, the aim with this opening round of products is to better understand the composition of target asteroids as well as identify deposits of ice which could, in future, be converted into propellant.


pages: 370 words: 97,138

Beyond: Our Future in Space by Chris Impey

3D printing, Admiral Zheng, Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, AltaVista, Berlin Wall, Buckminster Fuller, butterfly effect, California gold rush, carbon-based life, Charles Lindbergh, Colonization of Mars, cosmic abundance, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, dark matter, discovery of DNA, Doomsday Clock, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Eratosthenes, Haight Ashbury, Hyperloop, I think there is a world market for maybe five computers, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, Johannes Kepler, John von Neumann, Kickstarter, life extension, low earth orbit, Mahatma Gandhi, Marc Andreessen, Mars Rover, mutually assured destruction, Oculus Rift, operation paperclip, out of africa, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, phenotype, private space industry, purchasing power parity, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, RFID, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman: Challenger O-ring, risk tolerance, Rubik’s Cube, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, Searching for Interstellar Communications, Silicon Valley, skunkworks, Skype, Stephen Hawking, Steven Pinker, supervolcano, technological singularity, telepresence, telerobotics, the medium is the message, the scientific method, theory of mind, There's no reason for any individual to have a computer in his home - Ken Olsen, wikimedia commons, X Prize, Yogi Berra

That mission (with a price tag of nearly $3 billion) has been getting pushback from Congress, so it may not happen. These concepts are small precursors to any viable mining operation. Despite the costs, however, the potential returns are eye-popping, according to plausible economic models.25 In 1997, scientists estimated that a metallic asteroid a mile across contains $20 trillion of precious and industrial metals. Peter Diamandis, the X Prize guru who founded the extraterrestrial mining company Planetary Resources in 2012, has estimated that even a tiny, 100-foot-long asteroid holds as much as $50 billion worth of platinum alone. By 2020, he wants to build a fuel depot in space using water from asteroids to make liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen for rocket fuel. Experts remain skeptical. There’s a huge difference between the market value of a space resource and the actual value after doing the hard work of mining the ore and bringing home the prize.

From a Reddit discussion on October 17, 2013, online at http://www.reddit.com/r/IAmA/comments/1onkop/i_am_peter_diamandis_founder_of_xprize/. 12. We by C. Lindbergh 1927. New York: Putnam and Sons. The title refers to the fact that Lindbergh never referred to himself in making his historic flight—he always twinned himself with his plane, the Spirit of St. Louis. 13. “The Dream of the Medical Tricorder” 2012. The Economist, online at http://www.economist.com/news/technology-quarterly/21567208-medical-technology-hand-held-diagnostic-devices-seen-star-trek-are-inspiring. 14. “Peter Diamandis: Rocket Man” by B. Caulfield 2012. Forbes magazine, February 13, online at http://www.forbes.com/sites/briancaulfield/2012/01/26/peter-diamandis-rocket-man/2/. 15. Diamandis recounts the story of Hawking’s zero-gravity ride in his blog entry for February 15, 2013, in the Huffington Post, online at http://www.huffingtonpost.com/peter-diamandis/prof-hawking-goes-weightl_b_2696167.html. 16.

“Ultimately this is about democratizing access to health care around the world,” says Diamandis, and he notes that, as with space travel, “The technology is evolving much faster than the regulations are.”13 The only “failed” competition was the Archon Genomics X Prize to accurately sequence 100 genomes in ten days or fewer, at a cost of less than $1,000 per genome. In that case, burgeoning progress in the biotech sector rendered an incentive prize moot.14 The quintessential experience of an astronaut is zero gravity. To whet people’s appetite for space, Diamandis founded a for-profit company called the Zero G Corporation to give paying customers a taste of weightlessness in parabolic flight. It was 1992, the 500th anniversary of Columbus’s epic voyage, and the Bush administration’s Moon–Mars initiative had just fizzled out. Diamandis thought governments would never have the nimbleness or stomach for risk to take on the challenge of space.


pages: 294 words: 80,084

Tomorrowland: Our Journey From Science Fiction to Science Fact by Steven Kotler

Albert Einstein, Alexander Shulgin, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, Burning Man, carbon footprint, Colonization of Mars, crowdsourcing, Dean Kamen, epigenetics, gravity well, haute couture, interchangeable parts, Kevin Kelly, life extension, Louis Pasteur, low earth orbit, North Sea oil, Oculus Rift, oil shale / tar sands, peak oil, personalized medicine, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, private space industry, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Stewart Brand, theory of mind, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks

In the fifty years since Vostok 1, the first ever manned spaceflight, asteroid mining has gone from a perennial pipedream of the Star Trek Forever crowd to a serious enough proposition that a Vatican astronomer felt the need to address ethical concerns in public. In fact, in April 2012 — and with backing from the likes of Google cofounder Larry Page, Google executive chairman Eric Schmidt, and Virgin founder Sir Richard Branson — Peter Diamandis, creator of the XPRIZE, alongside Eric Anderson, CEO of Space Adventures Ltd. (the private space tourism company that flew Stephen Hawking into zero-G and sent billionaire Dennis Tito to the International Space Station), announced Planetary Resources Inc. (PRI), a newly formed asteroid mining company. This time, it was Comedy Central host Jon Stewart who summed things up nicely: “Space pioneers going to mine motherfucking asteroids for precious materials! BOOM! BOOM! YES! Stu-Beef is all in. Do you know how rarely the news in 2012 looks and sounds like you thought news would look and sound in 2012?”

ALSO BY STEVEN KOTLER The Angle Quickest for Flight West of Jesus A Small, Furry Prayer The Rise of Superman Abundance (with Peter Diamandis) Bold (with Peter Diamandis) Text copyright © 2015 by Steven Kotler All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced, or stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission of the publisher. Published by Amazon Publishing, New York www.apub.com Amazon, the Amazon logo and Amazon Publishing are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. ISBN-13: 9781477827949 ISBN-10: 1477827943 Cover design by Dave Stanton / Faceout Studio Author photograph by Ryan Heffernan For my mother and father Contents Start Reading The Future Is Here: AN INTRODUCTION PART ONE: THE FUTURE IN HERE Bionic Man: THE WORLD’S FIRST BIONIC MAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 The Genius Who Sticks Around Forever: THE SCIENCE OF MIND UPLOADING 1 2 3 4 Extreme States: THE BIOLOGY OF SPIRITUALITY 1 2 3 4 5 Evolution’s Next Stage: THE FUTURE OF EVOLUTION 1 2 3 4 5 Vision Quest: THE WORLD’S FIRST ARTIFICIAL VISION IMPLANT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 PART TWO: THE FUTURE OUT THERE Reengineering the Everglades: THE WORLD’S FIRST TERRAFORMING PROJECT 1 2 3 4 5 6 Buckaroo Banzai: THE ARRIVAL OF FLYING CARS 1 2 3 4 Meltdown or Mother Lode: THE POSSIBILITIES OF NUCLEAR ENERGY 1 2 3 4 5 6 Space Diving: THE FUTURE OF SPORT 1 Building a Better Mosquito: THE WORLD’S FIRST GENETICALLY ENGINEERED CREATURE 1 2 3 4 The Great Galactic Gold Rush: THE BIRTH OF THE ASTEROID MINING INDUSTRY 1 2 3 PART THREE: THE FUTURE UNCERTAIN The Psychedelic Renaissance: THE RADICAL WORLD OF PSYCHEDELIC MEDICINE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Sympathy for the Devil: THE TROUBLED SCIENCE OF LIFE EXTENSION 1 2 3 4 5 6 The Final Frontier: THE POLITICS OF STEM CELLS 1 2 3 4 5 6 Hacking the President’s DNA: THE CONSEQUENCES OF PLAYING GOD 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 The God of Sperm: THE CONTROVERSIAL FUTURE OF BIRTH 1 2 3 4 5 6 Acknowledgments About the Author Index Sure this is magic, but not necessarily fantasy.

This means that today, right now, we have companies willing and able to place multibillion dollars bets [a typical deep-sea platform runs between five and fifty billion] on high-risk, robotically-run, resource extraction missions — which is asteroid mining to a tee.” “You need to examine the facts,” says Eric Anderson, “No laws of physics need to be reconfigured to mine an asteroid. There are no technology gaps. Truthfully, building a North Sea oil platform is a lot harder.” And, suddenly, Houston, we have proof of concept. 3. So what will this concept look like in our lifetime? Already, Planetary Resources has raised over $1.5 million to help launch the ARKYD 100 space telescope, which is specifically designed to hunt for near-Earth asteroid mining prospects. There’s also President Obama’s announcement that he wants to land astronauts on an asteroid by 2025. Teams at Johnson Space Center in Houston and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena are hard at work on this goal, so a government-sponsored first step is not out of the question.


How to Make a Spaceship: A Band of Renegades, an Epic Race, and the Birth of Private Spaceflight by Julian Guthrie

Albert Einstein, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Charles Lindbergh, cosmic microwave background, crowdsourcing, Doomsday Book, Elon Musk, fear of failure, Frank Gehry, gravity well, high net worth, Iridium satellite, Isaac Newton, Jacquard loom, Jeff Bezos, Johannes Kepler, Leonard Kleinrock, life extension, low earth orbit, Mark Shuttleworth, Menlo Park, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Murray Gell-Mann, Oculus Rift, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, packet switching, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, pets.com, private space industry, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman: Challenger O-ring, Ronald Reagan, side project, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, urban planning

Stephen Hawking Theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and bestselling author of six science books and five children’s books coauthored with his daughter, Lucy Peter Diamandis displaying the model of an atom he made for his first grade science fair. He was upset he took only second place. Peter Diamandis Peter with his dad, Harry, mom, Tula, and sister, Marcelle. Peter Diamandis Six-year-old Peter Diamandis playing doctor with a kit his parents gave him. He checks his mother’s vital signs. Peter Diamandis Peter when he first met Arthur C. Clarke at the United Nations’ 1982 Unispace conference in Vienna, Austria. Peter Diamandis Peter (right) and his rocket-making friend, Billy Greenberg, with their homemade Mongo rocket. Peter Diamandis Peter (right) and Todd Hawley clasping hands when Peter turned over the SEDS chairmanship to Todd at George Washington University. Peter Diamandis Peter and his father upon Peter’s graduation from Harvard Medical School in 1989.

., 127 Dallas Area Rocket Society, 188, 270 Danforth, William, 169 Darlington, Dick, 155–56 DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency), 107, 115n Da Vinci Project, 274, 296, 371 Davis, Noel, 171 DC-X (Delta Clipper Experimental), 117, 204, 271, 272, 294 De León, Pablo, 181–83, 275–76, 295, 296, 371, 399, 410 Deli Haus (Boston), 87, 89–90, 110, 112 DeLong, Dan, 128–29, 133, 135 Demonstrator, 365–67 Der Red Max, 21 Diamandis, Dax, 406 Diamandis, Harry, 15, 19, 37, 204, 375, 400 Diamandis, Jet, 406 Diamandis, Kristen Hladecek, 375, 385–86, 399–400, 406 Diamandis, Marcelle, 16, 18, 95, 375 Diamandis, Peter H. childhood love of space, 17–19, 20–26 Apollo 11 landing, 11–17, 403 companies of, 405–6 Angel Technologies, 114–21, 122, 154 Blastoff Corporation, 224–38 International Microspace, 95, 98–113, 115, 117, 122, 127, 230, 402 Space Adventures, 208–9, 210, 239, 409 ZERO-G, 122, 127–28, 208, 240, 299, 374, 406, 413–14 death and memorial for Hawley, 149–52 early life of, 17–26 education of Great Neck North High School, 21–23, 28 Hamilton College, 27–29, 33, 34–37 Harvard Medical’s HST program, 64–69, 90, 94–100 MIT, 29, 30–33, 37, 38–44, 47–49, 64, 69–75 faith and truth and, 87–90 ISU and, 74–76, 90–94, 95–98, 100, 149–50, 177, 182 SEDS and, 39–45, 64–65, 68, 74, 101, 104, 122, 212 at Smithsonian Air and Space Museum, 139–41, 149–52, 402–4 SpaceShipOne and flight tests, 2, 7, 341–42 flight day one, 360, 376–82, 385–86 flight day two, 391–92, 397 unveiling, 314–15, 317, 318 at UN Space Conference, 44–47 update on, 405–6 XPRIZE and, 236, 317–20 Ansari meeting, 298–301 Branson meeting, xiii, xv, 208–11 Erik Lindbergh’s anniversary flight, 264–65, 280–81, 285–86, 287–88 First USA Bank, 214–15, 292–93 formal announcement, 164, 169–73 fund-raising and pitches, 133–34, 203–4, 206–15, 243, 256, 293, 373–74 hole-in-one contract, 292–302, 374–75 Lindbergh meetings, 139–45, 147–49 Montrose gathering, 125–33, 301–2 Musk meeting, 238–44 Diamandis, Tula, 37, 72 Apollo 11 landing, 15, 16–17 early life of Peter, 19–20 MIT visit, 30–32 SpaceShipOne and, 375, 381–82, 400 XPRIZE and, 204 Diet Rite, 374 Direct injection, 230–31 Disney, Walt, 52–53, 348 Dobronski, Joe, 262, 264–65, 286 Dole, Elizabeth, 91 Dolphin, 130–31 Doom 3 (video game), 179, 369 Dorrington, Graham, 371 Dot-com bubble, 203–4, 224–25, 232–33, 318 Dovey Manufacturing, 155 Draper, Charles Stark “Doc,” 32–33, 43 Draper Lab, 32–33, 43–44 Drexler, Eric, 41, 121–22 EAc (Environmental Aeroscience Corporation), 306–7, 352n Earhart, Amelia, 155 Earth-fixed velocity, 13n Earthrise, 147–48 Earthwinds, xiv Eaton, Phil, 271–72 EBay, 225, 238, 271 Edwards Air Force Base, 4, 50, 51, 53, 157, 251, 327, 336, 347, 375–76 Ehrlich, Paul, 148 Eid, Jean-Michel, 294 Einstein, Albert, 89, 90 Electrogastrographs, 39 Elias, Antonio, 107, 314 Ellison, Harlan, 227 Emmons Glacier, 79–80, 82 Enbrel, 218–19, 259 Engines of Creation (Drexler), 121–22 Enterprise, USS, 326 Enterprise Rent-a-Car, 207, 214 Error-correcting systems, 186–87 Escape from Gravity, 406 Estes rocket kits, 21, 25, 74, 145, 178, 222 European Space Agency (ESA), 91, 182n, 411 Evans, Bruce, 55, 58–59, 193–94 Evans, Ronald, 20 Evergreen State College, 80 Everything Club, 21–22 Experimental Aircraft Association, 155–56 Explorers Club, 168 Faget, Maxime “Max,” 314, 316–17 Falcon 9, 319 Fate Is the Hunter (Gann), 60, 147 Fazio, Giovanni, 96 Feather configuration of SpaceShipOne, 3, 6, 249–50, 253–54, 314, 316–17, 330, 344, 351, 383, 384, 396 Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), 251, 374 Office of Commercial Space Transportation, 168, 271, 340, 343–44, 347–48, 369 SpaceShipOne and, 336–37, 340, 343–44, 347–48, 349, 380–81, 385 Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, 61 Feeney, Brian, 184, 274, 293, 296, 371 Feynman, Richard, 29n, 31, 63, 128n, 131–32 Feynman Prize, 121 Fields, Bert, 228 Finnegans Wake (Joyce), 29n First-person shooter games, 178, 178n First-stage cutoff, 13, 13n First USA Bank, 214–15, 292–93 Fitzgerald, F.

Peter Diamandis Peter and his father upon Peter’s graduation from Harvard Medical School in 1989. Peter Diamandis At a gathering (the “John Galt meeting”) of rocket makers and space enthusiasts in Montrose, Colorado, Peter and others shared ideas for getting to space without NASA’s help. This was where the idea for the XPRIZE began to take shape. Peter Diamandis The “build a rocket” brainstorming session in Montrose drew a half dozen commercial space enthusiasts to the home of David and Myra Wine. Peter Diamandis (Left to right) Peter, Todd Hawley, and Bob Richards in the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum in 1995. This was the last picture taken of the three of them. Peter Diamandis The $10 million XPRIZE is announced in St. Louis in 1996. St. Louis was chosen as the city for the announcement because that was where the young aviator Charles Lindbergh found his backers to make his transatlantic flight.


pages: 292 words: 85,151

Exponential Organizations: Why New Organizations Are Ten Times Better, Faster, and Cheaper Than Yours (And What to Do About It) by Salim Ismail, Yuri van Geest

23andMe, 3D printing, Airbnb, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Amazon Web Services, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, Baxter: Rethink Robotics, Ben Horowitz, bioinformatics, bitcoin, Black Swan, blockchain, Burning Man, business intelligence, business process, call centre, chief data officer, Chris Wanstrath, Clayton Christensen, clean water, cloud computing, cognitive bias, collaborative consumption, collaborative economy, commoditize, corporate social responsibility, cross-subsidies, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, dark matter, Dean Kamen, dematerialisation, discounted cash flows, disruptive innovation, distributed ledger, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, game design, Google Glasses, Google Hangouts, Google X / Alphabet X, gravity well, hiring and firing, Hyperloop, industrial robot, Innovator's Dilemma, intangible asset, Internet of things, Iridium satellite, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, Joi Ito, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, Kodak vs Instagram, Law of Accelerating Returns, Lean Startup, life extension, lifelogging, loose coupling, loss aversion, low earth orbit, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, market design, means of production, minimum viable product, natural language processing, Netflix Prize, NetJets, Network effects, new economy, Oculus Rift, offshore financial centre, PageRank, pattern recognition, Paul Graham, paypal mafia, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer model, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, Peter Thiel, prediction markets, profit motive, publish or perish, Ray Kurzweil, recommendation engine, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, risk tolerance, Ronald Coase, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, skunkworks, Skype, smart contracts, Snapchat, social software, software is eating the world, speech recognition, stealth mode startup, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, subscription business, supply-chain management, TaskRabbit, telepresence, telepresence robot, Tony Hsieh, transaction costs, Travis Kalanick, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, uber lyft, urban planning, WikiLeaks, winner-take-all economy, X Prize, Y Combinator, zero-sum game

He has consulted for Google, ING Bank, Vodafone Group, Adidas Global, Philips Global, Heineken Global, Friesland Campina, Samsung and MIT, and was a key member of the Topteam Creative Industry within the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation for two years. PETER H. DIAMANDIS is a serial entrepreneur having co-founded fifteen companies, most notably the X Prize Foundation, Singularity University and Planetary Resources. He has a molecular biology and aerospace engineering degree from MIT and an MD from Harvard. He is also the co-author of the New York Times bestselling book, Abundance: The Future Is Much Better Than You Think, which is recommended pre-reading for those interested in Exponential Organizations. CNN and Fortune just named Peter Diamandis one of “The World’s 50 Greatest Leaders.” Acknowledgements (from Salim, Yuri and Mike) We’ve realized it doesn’t just take a village to complete a project like this—it takes a whole town.

., & Smeulders, R. (2013). Groot Innovatie Modellenboek. Van Duuren Management. Mandour, Y., Brees, K., & Wenting, R. (2012). Groeimodellen: Creëer nieuwe business. Van Duuren Management. About the Authors This book is a joint collaboration involving Salim Ismail, Michael S. Malone and Yuri van Geest, with key ideas and framing provided by Peter Diamandis, along with consultation from the faculty of Singularity University. Ismail and Diamandis became business partners when they founded Singularity University, an institution created to study the impact of exponentially growing technologies on companies, industries and humanity’s grand challenges. Van Geest has been involved in the collaboration, writing, researching and thinking of this book for almost the entire three years of its creation.

Exponential Organizations Why new organizations are ten times better, faster, and cheaper than yours (and what to do about it) Salim Ismail with Michael S. Malone and Yuri van Geest Foreword and Afterword by Peter H. Diamandis Copyright Diversion Books A Division of Diversion Publishing Corp. 443 Park Avenue South, Suite 1008 New York, NY 10016 www.DiversionBooks.com Copyright © 2014 by ExO Partners LLC All rights reserved, including the right to reproduce this book or portions thereof in any form whatsoever. For more information, email info@diversionbooks.com First Diversion Books edition October 2014 ISBN: 978-1-62681-358-8 Table of Contents Foreword Introduction The Iridium Moment Doubling Down Exponential Organizations PART ONE: Exploring the Exponential Organization Chapter One: Illuminated by Information Chapter Two: A Tale of Two Companies Chapter Three: The Exponential Organization Massive Transformative Purpose (MTP) Staff on Demand Community & Crowd Algorithms Leveraged Assets Engagement Chapter Four: Inside the Exponential Organization Interfaces Dashboards Experimentation Autonomy Social Technologies Chapter Five: Implications of Exponential Organizations 1.


pages: 452 words: 126,310

The Case for Space: How the Revolution in Spaceflight Opens Up a Future of Limitless Possibility by Robert Zubrin

Ada Lovelace, Albert Einstein, anthropic principle, battle of ideas, Charles Lindbergh, Colonization of Mars, complexity theory, cosmic microwave background, cosmological principle, discovery of DNA, double helix, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, flex fuel, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, gravity well, if you build it, they will come, Internet Archive, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, Johannes Kepler, John von Neumann, Kuiper Belt, low earth orbit, Mars Rover, Menlo Park, more computing power than Apollo, Naomi Klein, nuclear winter, off grid, out of africa, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, Peter Thiel, place-making, Pluto: dwarf planet, private space industry, rising living standards, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, telerobotics, Thomas Malthus, transcontinental railway, uranium enrichment

For every kilogram of platinum shipped back to Earth, thirty tons of excellent nickel-alloy steel would become available to build industries, spacecraft, habitats, and even free flying cities for multitudes of new branches of human civilization that will develop in space. CLAIMING ASTEROIDS The commercial potential of asteroid mining is so enormous that several start-ups have already been formed with the goal of pursuing the opportunity for profit. Among the leaders are Planetary Resources, begun by Peter Diamandis, Eric Anderson, and Chris Lewicki with backing by several Google magnates and other high rollers, and Deep Space Industries, founded by veteran space entrepreneurs David Gump and Rick Tumlinson, with noted asteroid expert Professor John Lewis serving as chief scientist. However, despite such strong founding groups, the hopes of these companies to realize their bold plans appear quite problematic, as there is currently no technically feasible way to mine the precious metals that exist in the asteroid belt and return them to Earth for sale.

Fortunately, the idea of creating a spacefaring future is a very forceful one. Peter Diamandis is one of the most creative people working in the space community today. A former medical student turned serial entrepreneur, he has racked up a number of successes. One of the first (and least appreciated, because it brought him no money, but perhaps—as we shall see—the most consequential) was the founding of the intercollegiate organization Students for the Exploration and Development of Space (SEDS). Later, working with others, he created the International Space University, a notable institution with a substantial endowment that now has a campus in Strasbourg, France. In the 1990s, he decided to take on the central challenge of opening the space frontier—the creation of reusable space launch systems. After reading a biography of Charles Lindbergh, Diamandis had been impressed by the fact that Lindbergh had flown the Atlantic—and eight others had been motivated to try—for the possibility of winning a prize.

Furthermore, when in private hands, the duly recognized claims would provide an incentive for their owners to further the development of technology that would enable their exploitation. As the capability for both exploration and development of space resources thus advanced, the value of both existing property claims and those obtainable in the future would increase, thereby expanding the financial resources available and accelerating space development even more. The leaders and backers of companies like Planetary Resources and Deep Space Industries need to lobby hard to obtain legislation that would set up a legal regime for space property claims of this sort. The rest of us need to support its passage. Because if it does, massive new financial forces will be mobilized that will further the exploration and development of space. With a stroke of a pen, a vibrant, privately funded space exploration effort could be brought into being, one that could use the daring and genius of the free market to rapidly bring the knowledge and the benefits of the vast untapped resources of the solar system to all humankind.


pages: 282 words: 81,873

Live Work Work Work Die: A Journey Into the Savage Heart of Silicon Valley by Corey Pein

23andMe, 4chan, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Anne Wojcicki, artificial general intelligence, bank run, barriers to entry, Benevolent Dictator For Life (BDFL), Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, Build a better mousetrap, California gold rush, cashless society, colonial rule, computer age, cryptocurrency, data is the new oil, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, Douglas Hofstadter, Elon Musk, Extropian, gig economy, Google bus, Google Glasses, Google X / Alphabet X, hacker house, hive mind, illegal immigration, immigration reform, Internet of things, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, job automation, Kevin Kelly, Khan Academy, Law of Accelerating Returns, Lean Startup, life extension, Lyft, Mahatma Gandhi, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, minimum viable product, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, mutually assured destruction, obamacare, passive income, patent troll, Paul Graham, peer-to-peer lending, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, Peter Thiel, platform as a service, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, post-work, Ray Kurzweil, regulatory arbitrage, rent control, RFID, Robert Mercer, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Ross Ulbricht, Ruby on Rails, Sam Altman, Sand Hill Road, Scientific racism, self-driving car, sharing economy, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Singularitarianism, Skype, Snapchat, social software, software as a service, source of truth, South of Market, San Francisco, Startup school, stealth mode startup, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, TaskRabbit, technological singularity, technoutopianism, telepresence, too big to fail, Travis Kalanick, tulip mania, Uber for X, uber lyft, ubercab, upwardly mobile, Vernor Vinge, X Prize, Y Combinator

Later, he established the X Prize Foundation, which awarded cash to teams competing to solve various technical challenges such as prototyping “universally accessible” personal helicopters or landing an entirely privately funded robot on the moon, as stipulated by the $30 million Google Lunar X Prize. Like a lot of lucky, wealthy people, Diamandis had developed some curious ideas about why some people are rich and others poor, and about the secrets to success in business. “You can become a billionaire by doing anything. Find what is in your heart and soul, and do that,” he told the Summitgoers. Apparently, Diamandis had scoured his own soul and found a passion for the extractive industries. Where others looked to the stars and felt wonder, Diamandis saw spoils ripe for plunder. “The Earth is a crumb in a supermarket filled with resources,” he said. His asteroid mining venture, Planetary Resources, was an effort to gain first-mover advantage on exploiting the mineral wealth of places beyond earth. “In the same way that we Europeans looked toward the New World to colonize for resources, we as humanity can look toward space as the ultimate supply of resources,” he said.

And so it ever would be, apparently. No one who graced the stage at the Summit spoke more directly to this underlying money lust than SU cofounder Peter Diamandis. Although Ray Kurzweil was the university “chancellor,” he seemed to be more of a figurehead. It was Diamandis who had pitched the idea for SU to Kurzweil, who in turn pitched it to the Google guys, who supplied seed money. With his finely combed hair, his wide smile, and his smartly tailored suit, Diamandis stood out next to the comparatively unpolished SU faculty. He was a dashing debate society president among chess club dorks, a born closer whose optimism knew no bounds. A Harvard- and MIT-educated medical doctor and aerospace engineer, Diamandis “gave up on NASA” and resolved to become the Commodore Vanderbilt of outer space. He founded the International Space University in Strasbourg, France, to promote private-sector space exploration.

In short, the problem was indeed my feeble human brain. “I have very little faith in politicians, but I have a lot of faith in technology,” Jacobstein told me. This was a view widely shared by SU speakers, faculty, and leadership. A man in the audience had a question for Diamandis. “In the past we had revolutions,” the man asked. “What are the new solutions?” The answer that came back, unsurprisingly: technology. Technology was the solution, and it could also constitute a kind of revolution. “Governments don’t get disrupted gracefully,” Diamandis said. He had some strong feelings about politics and the failures of “representative democracy” as distinct from “actual democracy,” whatever he meant by that. But if there was one clear takeaway from his remarks, it was his contempt for any political action that might impede corporate profits, such as conservation and regulation.


pages: 501 words: 114,888

The Future Is Faster Than You Think: How Converging Technologies Are Transforming Business, Industries, and Our Lives by Peter H. Diamandis, Steven Kotler

Ada Lovelace, additive manufacturing, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, Amazon Mechanical Turk, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, bitcoin, blockchain, blood diamonds, Burning Man, call centre, cashless society, Charles Lindbergh, Clayton Christensen, clean water, cloud computing, Colonization of Mars, computer vision, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, Dean Kamen, delayed gratification, dematerialisation, digital twin, disruptive innovation, Edward Glaeser, Edward Lloyd's coffeehouse, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, epigenetics, Erik Brynjolfsson, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, experimental economics, food miles, game design, Geoffrey West, Santa Fe Institute, gig economy, Google X / Alphabet X, gravity well, hive mind, housing crisis, Hyperloop, indoor plumbing, industrial robot, informal economy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet of things, invention of the telegraph, Isaac Newton, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, Joseph Schumpeter, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, late fees, Law of Accelerating Returns, life extension, lifelogging, loss aversion, Lyft, M-Pesa, Mary Lou Jepsen, mass immigration, megacity, meta analysis, meta-analysis, microbiome, mobile money, multiplanetary species, Narrative Science, natural language processing, Network effects, new economy, New Urbanism, Oculus Rift, out of africa, packet switching, peer-to-peer lending, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, Peter Thiel, QR code, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, RFID, Richard Feynman, Richard Florida, ride hailing / ride sharing, risk tolerance, Satoshi Nakamoto, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, smart contracts, smart grid, Snapchat, sovereign wealth fund, special economic zone, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, Stewart Brand, supercomputer in your pocket, supply-chain management, technoutopianism, Tesla Model S, Tim Cook: Apple, transaction costs, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, unbanked and underbanked, underbanked, urban planning, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters, X Prize

Finally, Peter wants to say thank-you to Dan Sullivan and the Strategic Coach team for the encouragement, wisdom and support on creating a 10x impact on the world. More from this Series Bold Abundance ABOUT THE AUTHORS © MATTHEW RUTHERFORD Peter H. Diamandis is a New York Times bestselling author and the founder of more than fifteen high-tech companies. He is the CEO of the XPRIZE and executive chairman of Singularity University, a Silicon Valley–based institution backed by Google, 3-D Systems, and NASA. He is cochairman of Planetary Resources, Inc., and the cofounder of Human Longevity, Inc. Diamandis attended MIT, where he received his degrees in molecular genetics and aerospace engineering, and Harvard Medical School, where he received his MD. In 2014 he was named one of “The World’s 50 Greatest Leaders” by Fortune magazine

You benefit from our highly experienced team of board certified and licensed physicians, geneticists, and expert scientists who use innovative technology to bring about the next big shift in quality of life. For more information, go to www.HumanLongevity.com. Keynotes: Hiring Peter Diamandis and/or Steven Kotler Both Peter and Steven enjoy speaking about their work in Abundance, BOLD, and The Future Is Faster Than You Think. They both do a limited number of select keynote speaking engagements ever year. For more information on hiring Peter Diamandis, go to: www.diamandis.com/speaking For more information on hiring Steven Kotler, go to: www.stevenkotler.com/speaking ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The Future Is Faster Than You Think has benefited greatly from the generous wisdom of a great many people. First off, the authors would like to express deep gratitude to their families—Jet, Dax, and Kristen Diamandis, and Joy Nicholson—for their incredible love, patience, and support. We’d also like to thank our agent, John Brockman; our editor; Stephanie Frerich, and everyone at Simon & Schuster who worked so doggedly on this project.

Plus, get updates on new releases, deals, recommended reads, and more from Simon & Schuster. Click below to sign up and see terms and conditions. CLICK HERE TO SIGN UP Already a subscriber? Provide your email again so we can register this ebook and send you more of what you like to read. You will continue to receive exclusive offers in your inbox. I dedicate this book to all who have mentored and coached me during my life: Harry P. Diamandis, Tula Diamandis, Frank Price, David C. Webb, Paul E. Gray, David E. Wine, Gregg E. Maryniak, Ayn Rand, Art Dula, Robert Heinlein, Byron K. Lichtenberg, Sylvia Earle, Gerard K. O’Neill, Arthur C. Clarke, John T. Chirban, Laurence R. Young, Martine Rothblatt, Charles Lindbergh, Tom Velez, Stuart O. Witt, S. Pete Worden, Robert K. Weiss, Alfred H. Kerth, Burt Rutan, Anousheh Ansari, Tony Robbins, Ray Kurzweil, and Dan Sullivan.


pages: 328 words: 96,141

Rocket Billionaires: Elon Musk, Jeff Bezos, and the New Space Race by Tim Fernholz

Amazon Web Services, autonomous vehicles, business climate, Charles Lindbergh, Clayton Christensen, cloud computing, Colonization of Mars, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, high net worth, Iridium satellite, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, low earth orbit, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, minimum viable product, multiplanetary species, mutually assured destruction, new economy, nuclear paranoia, paypal mafia, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, Peter Thiel, pets.com, planetary scale, private space industry, profit maximization, RAND corporation, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman: Challenger O-ring, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, skunkworks, sovereign wealth fund, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, trade route, undersea cable, We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters, X Prize, Y2K

James Cantrell, who had spent the past decade as a liaison between the US and Russian space programs, cleaning up after the fall of the Cold War, and developing never-launched joint missions to Mars, acted as a consultant, offering advice on obtaining surplus Soviet rockets. Just out of school, BlastOff’s marketing manager, George Whitesides, would later be the NASA chief of staff and CEO of Virgin Galactic. One engineer, Chris Lewicki, would go on to spend a decade at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Lab before founding the space mining company Planetary Resources. Other engineers on the team would be key early employees at Blue Origin or SpaceX. When BlastOff’s mission timeline was revealed—a moon landing the next summer, in 2001, ideally on July 4, followed by an initial public offering in the fall to cash in on what would be a signal event in the history of technology venture capital—the aerospace types began to understand the gap between perception and reality in the dot-com world.

See also McDonnell Douglas NASA space taxi program bids, 112–13 reusable (X-15), 16, 215–16 SpaceX challenges, 78, 107 Orbital Sciences Corporation, 59, 206–7, 228 Antares, 121, 206–7, 228 Antares explosion, 206–8 Cygnus, 121, 206, 208 NASA space taxi program, 121, 137 Orlando Sentinel, 142 P; PayPal, 2, 18, 45, 66 Pegasus, 235 Peregrine vehicle, 242 Pettit, Donald, 149, 157–58, 164 PICA-X, 156 Planetary Resources, 56 Planetary Society, 124 Powell, Colin, 75 Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne, 140 Putin, Vladimir, 10, 181, 183, 185 Q; Qualcomm, 51, 234 R; Ramon, Ilan, 73 RAND Corporation, 38 Raptor engine, 243–44 Rasky, Dan, 156 RD-180 (Russian engine), 59, 182, 190 injunction on imports, 187–88 McCain bill banning imports, 190 Reaction Research Society, 51, 63 Reagan, Ronald, 19, 53 Red Mars (Robinson), 46 Ressi, Adeo, 59 reusable rockets, 195–96, 241, 250.

It was called SpaceShipOne, and in 2004 it won the Ansari X Prize by flying a human out of the atmosphere twice in two weeks. The prize had been created in the spirit of the great aviation challenges of the 1930s. Just as Charles Lindbergh flew across the Atlantic, spurred by a big cash prize, before paying passengers existed, so, too, did the donors behind this prize hope to goose space commerce. To fund the prize, the prize’s organizer, Peter Diamandis, called on the Ansaris, a wealthy Iranian family that had fled to the United States during the revolution. In the early nineties, Anousheh Ansari, then an employee of MCI, convinced her husband and brother-in-law to start a new company called Telecom Technologies Inc., which provided software to manage the growth of digital networks. The timing was propitious, and their firm was acquired by a competitor, at the peak of the internet bubble, for more than $1.2 billion, making the family a fortune.


pages: 326 words: 91,559

Everything for Everyone: The Radical Tradition That Is Shaping the Next Economy by Nathan Schneider

1960s counterculture, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, altcoin, Amazon Mechanical Turk, back-to-the-land, basic income, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, blockchain, Brewster Kahle, Burning Man, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, carbon footprint, Clayton Christensen, collaborative economy, collective bargaining, Community Supported Agriculture, corporate governance, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, Debian, disruptive innovation, do-ocracy, Donald Knuth, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, Food sovereignty, four colour theorem, future of work, gig economy, Google bus, hydraulic fracturing, Internet Archive, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, joint-stock company, Joseph Schumpeter, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, Lyft, M-Pesa, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, mass immigration, means of production, multi-sided market, new economy, offshore financial centre, old-boy network, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, post-work, precariat, premature optimization, pre–internet, profit motive, race to the bottom, Richard Florida, Richard Stallman, ride hailing / ride sharing, Sam Altman, Satoshi Nakamoto, self-driving car, shareholder value, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Slavoj Žižek, smart contracts, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, transaction costs, Turing test, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, underbanked, undersea cable, universal basic income, Upton Sinclair, Vanguard fund, white flight, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks, women in the workforce, working poor, Y Combinator, Y2K, Zipcar

Richard Feloni, “Why Mark Zuckerberg Wants Everyone to Read the Fourteenth-Century Islamic Book The Muqaddimah,” Business Insider (June 2, 2015); Mark Zuckerberg, “Building Global Community” (February 16, 2017), facebook.com/notes/mark-zuckerberg/building-global-community/10154544292806634. 11. I have been a guest speaker at Singularity University’s Global Solutions Program. 12. Peter Diamandis, “I Am Peter Diamandis, from XPRIZE, Singularity University, Planetary Resources, Human Longevity Inc., and More. Ask Me Anything,” Reddit AMA discussion (July 11, 2014), reddit.com/r/Futurology/comments/2afiw5/i_am_peter_diamandis_from_xprize_singularity/ciulffv. 13. Kevin Roose, “In Conversation: Marc Andreessen,” New York (October 19, 2014); Sam Altman, “Technology and Wealth Inequality” (January 28, 2014), blog.samaltman.com/technology-and-wealth-inequality. 14. Recent overviews of universal basic income include Philippe Van Parijs and Yannick Vanderborght, Basic Income: A Radical Proposal for a Free Society and a Sane Economy (Harvard University Press, 2017), and Rutger Bregman, Utopia for Realists: How We Can Build the Ideal World (Little, Brown, 2017). 15.

“Be exponential,” Singularity’s slogan reminds them.11 In June 2014, the institution’s co-founder and chairman, Peter Diamandis, a space-tourism entrepreneur, convened a gathering of fellow tech luminaries to discuss the conundrum of automation-caused unemployment. “Tell me something that you think robots cannot do, and I will tell you a time frame in which they can actually do it,” claims Federico Pistono, a young Italian who spoke there. Among other accomplishments, Pistono had written a book called Robots Will Steal Your Job, but That’s OK. At the Singularity meeting, he was the chief proponent of universal basic income, an idea that at the time still seemed novel. He cited recent basic-income experiments in India that showed promise for combating poverty among people the tech economy has left behind. Diamandis later reported having been “amazed” by the potential.12 That year, also, celebrity investor Marc Andreessen told New York magazine that he considered basic income “a very interesting idea,” and Sam Altman of the elite startup accelerator Y Combinator called its implementation an “obvious conclusion.”13 Those were just the early salvos.

See decentralized autonomous organizations data, 143–144, 153 data justice, 76 Davies, Bembo, 28, 30–31 Davis, Joseph, 44 Debian software, 139 debt, 101–102 alternative finance and, 103–104 money as, 104–105 strike, 119 student, 103 decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs), 111–112 “Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace” (Barlow), 217 Decretum (Gratian), 23 Degrowth March, 118–119 Delta-Montrose Electric Association (DMEA), 172–174, 172 (photo), 220 democracy, 17, 65, 98–99, 103, 138–139, 148, 161, 206, 219 in Bitcoin, 106, 108–109 co-ops as, 9, 14, 41–42, 58–60, 233 diversified, 225 in electricity co-ops, 170, 175 entrepreneurs practicing, 155–156 United States, decline of, 10, 216 dental chairs, 63 (photo) department stores, 57–58 Derrida, Jacques, 17 design principles, 20–21 Desjardins, Alphonse, 59 Detroit, MI, 72–73, 74 (fig.) Diamandis, Peter, 221 Dickens, Charles, 46 Dickinson, Rink, 104 Dietz, Joel, 110, 114 the Diggers, 39–40 Digital Democracy Manifesto, 161 disruption, 72, 78–80, 82, 91, 100, 161 diversity, 36–37 Divine Office, 19 DMEA. See Delta-Montrose Electric Association D’Onofrio, Anthony, 110–111 Dorigatti, Lisa, 231 Dorsey, Jack, 164, 166 Douglass, Frederick, 44 Drutopia, 159 Du Bois, W. E. B., 6, 55–56 Duran, Enric, 115–117, 219 borrowing without repaying of, 118–119 FairCoin fair-trade and, 130–131 FairCoop work of, 131–132 hacking of, 129 Infospai set up by, 118 Integralism work of, 128–129 underground activities of, 130 “Economic Cooperation Among Negro Americans” (conference), 55 ecos (CIC native currency), 125 Ecuador, 209–215 Edgeryders, 25–26, 29–31 education, 61, 68, 154, 158–159 Electric Cooperative Leadership Institute, 178 electric co-ops, 16, 169–170 community not represented by officials of, 179 customer-centered business of, 174 farmers using, 4–5, 181–182, 184 federal regulatory disputes of, 173 government backed, 176–177 renewable energy use of, 175 self-governance of, 171–172 Ellis, Aunjaune, 205 Emacs software, 135–136 Emilia-Romagna, Italy, 62–63 employee ownership, 7, 8, 16, 54, 81, 140, 158, 227 employee stock-ownership plans (ESOPs), 7, 8, 81, 227 Enspiral, 93–96 Enspiral Dev Academy, 95–96, 158 entrepreneurs, 35, 80, 155–156 Epstein, Steven A., 34–35 Espai de l’Harmonia, 122 Ethereum, 111–113, 130, 159, 223 European Capital of Culture, 26, 32 Evans, Blair, 73 Evers, Medgar, 191 Facebook, 31, 143–144, 153, 218–219 Fairbnb, 155 FairCoin, 116, 128, 130–131 FairCoop, 116, 129, 131–132, 219 Fairmondo, 150, 160 Fairphone, 162 fair-trade movement, 9, 49–50, 150 Farm Bureau insurance system, 56–57 Farm Credit System, 104 farmers African American, 62, 200 co-op systems used by, 54 co-ops helping independent, 69–70 co-ops of, 66, 227 data sold by, 153 electric co-ops used by, 4–5, 181–182, 184 Farmers’ Alliance, 54 Farrakhan, Louis, 191 Farrell, John, 175 federation, 13, 21, 51, 66, 168, 183 Federation of Southern Cooperatives, 200 fediverse, 167–168 feedback loops, 13 feudalism, 39, 77, 212, 224 Filene, Edward, 7, 59 finance, 8, 77–78, 103–104, 116, 188 fiscal disobedience, 129 Flanders, Laura, 190, 192 FLOK Society, 209–210, 214 Forno, Francesca, 231 Foster, Natalie, 223 Francis of Assisi, 23 Franciscan communities, 23 Franco, Francisco, 61 Frank, Mary, 101 Franklin, Benjamin, 43, 183 free labor, 44 Freedom Farm, 200, 204 freelancers, 144 free-market advocates, 186 free-software movement, 135, 137, 140–141 [freespace] storefront, 138, 139 (photo) Friedman, Milton, 222 Fromm, Erich, 117 game theory, 107 Gandhi, Mohandas K., 16 Garrett, Socrates, 201–203 Garza, Alicia, 199 Gates, Bill, 107 Generation Opportunity, 186 geographic mobility, 216 Getty Images, 148 Gibson, Mel, 24 Gicheru, Esther, 66, 67 (photo) gig work, 154 Gino, Francesca, 7 Git software, 139 GitHub, 95, 139, 141 The Gleaners (painting), 142 gleaning, 142–143 God’s creation, in Digger cosmology, 39–40 Golf Ball Divers Alliance, 154 “Good Knowledge Summit,” 213 Google, 112, 134, 136–137, 141, 143, 153, 155, 160, 164, 216, 220 Googleplex, 112, 136, 220 Gorenflo, Neal, 150 Graham, Martha, 102 Gratian, 23 Greeley, Horace, 53, 66 Green Bay Packers, 165, 205 Green Taxi Cooperative, 84–89, 87 (photo) grocery stores, 80–81 gross domestic product, 66 Growers Agricultural Data Cooperative, 153 Guardian article, author’s, 165 Guerrilla Translation, 160 A Guide for Members of REA Cooperatives (booklet), 176 (fig.)


pages: 390 words: 108,171

The Space Barons: Elon Musk, Jeff Bezos, and the Quest to Colonize the Cosmos by Christian Davenport

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Burning Man, Charles Lindbergh, cloud computing, Colonization of Mars, cuban missile crisis, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, high net worth, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, life extension, low earth orbit, Mark Zuckerberg, Mikhail Gorbachev, multiplanetary species, obamacare, old-boy network, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, Peter Thiel, private space industry, risk tolerance, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, X Prize, zero-sum game

But now the technology had changed, and like an iPhone, they had shrunk in size, to the size of a shoebox, costing far less. Musk wasn’t the only entrepreneur looking to cash in on the new satellite technology. OneWeb, a company backed by Richard Branson, also planned to put up a constellation of hundreds of miniature satellites that it said would connect the billions of people without Internet access to the digital economy. Google executives Larry Page and Eric Schmidt invested in Planetary Resources, which planned to mine asteroids. Filled with precious metals, the asteroids are the “diamonds in the rough of the solar system,” Eric Anderson, the company’s cofounder, told CNBC. Asteroids have “rare metals, industrial metals and even fuels,” he said, “so we could create gas stations in space that would enable us to travel throughout the solar system just like Star Trek.” It sounded like something out of a James Cameron movie.

Daniel, 28 Max-Q, 218 McNeil, Wilfred, 61 media Musk as cult figure, 204–206 Musk’s rivalry with Bezos over orbital launch, 233–235 Sex Pistols scandal, 105 See also Twitter Melvill, Mike, 79–81, 83, 87–95, 120 Melvill, Sally, 89–92, 94 Mercury program, 84, 173, 226 Meyerson, Rob, 170, 180 Mica, John, 124–125 Mishap Investigation Board, 136 Mitchell, Edgar, 275 Montgomery, James, 110 moon colonization and missions Bezos’s plan, 273–274 Musk’s plans for civilian passengers, 272–273 promoting commercial interest in, 109–113 moon landing, 255 George Mueller’s role in, 47 inspiring commercial moon travel, 110 Launch Pad 39A, 172 young Bezos’s interest in, 62–63 Mosdell, Brian, 149–153, 163, 165–166 Mount Washington, New Hampshire, 119 Mueller, George, 47 Mum’s the Word (Branson), 103 Museum of Pop Culture, Seattle, Washington, 84–85 Musk, Elon, 3–7 as cult figure, 204–207 Bezos’s conception for space travel, 258–259 Bezos’s patent for rocket recovery, 199–200 booster rocket trial, 2 concerns over asteroid collisions, 37–38 Dragon spacecraft early entrepreneurialism, 35–36 Explorers Club, 198 explosion, 240 Falcon 1’s flawless test, 143–144 Falcon 9, 164–166, 227–230 family and background, 122–123 financial investment, 254 Grasshopper’s successful launch and landing, 224 International Astronautical Congress address, 237–239, 242, 245–246 launch technology, 270–271 lunar base plans, 272–273 management style, 151–156 Mars Oasis, 39–40 NASA contracts, 47–50 NASA’s data gathering on, 45–47 on Bezos’s successful launch of a reusable rocket, 223–224 on ‘space’ versus ‘orbit,’ 224–225 passion for aviation and space, 123–124 Personal Spaceflight Federation, 115–118 rivalry with Bezos, 229–230, 233–235 shuttles to the space station, 270–271 SpaceX explosion, 270 United Launch Alliance merger, 53–54 See also SpaceX NASA abandoning Launch Pad 39A, 173–174 Ares rockets, 156–157 ARPA involvement in, 129 asteroid collisions, 36–37 Beal advocating for private space programs, 32–33 Bezos on, 21 birth of the space program, 171–172 commercial crew program, 209–211 competition over Launch Pad 39A, 181–184 Constellation program, 139–140, 156–161, 244, 246 COTS award, 137–141 data gathering on SpaceX, 45–47 decline of the human space program, 85–86, 116–117, 246–247 drawdown following Apollo programs, 116–117, 160–162 hazards of space flight, 120–121 hiatus in human spaceflight, 208–209 immortal youth, 121 increasing reliance on the commercial sector, 157–159 ISS shuttles, 38–39 Mars exploration, 38 Obama on deep space exploration, 161–162 private company contract bids, 47–50 Saturn V rocket recovery, 189 SEDS members, 70 shuttle retirement, 172–173 SLS/Orion program, 244–245 SpaceX Dragon, 144–145, 175–178, 270–271 SpaceX Falcon 1 development, 132–134, 155–156 SpaceX partnership for Mars flights, 238, 244–245 squeezing out the private sector, 33–34 success of SpaceShipOne, 96 young Jeff Bezos’s essay for, 65–66 National Air and Space Museum, 42, 73, 116 National Medal of Science, 47 national security concerns, 241, 268 National Transportation Safety Board, 214, 231 Never Mind the Bollocks (album), 105 New Armstrong rocket (Blue Origin), 263 New Glenn rocket (Blue Origin), 261–263 New Shepard rocket (Blue Origin), 6–7 apogee, 224 awards, 258 competition over Launch Pad 39A, 183–184 creation of, 75 designing manned ships, 255, 257 engine test, 180 New Glenn and New Armstrong, 262–263 self-guiding system, 190 test to the Kármán line, 221–223 Very Big Brother, 261 Niagara Falls, 120 Nixon, Richard, 47 Northrop Grumman, 51–53 Obama, Barack, 6, 156–158, 160–164, 244, 274 Oberstar, James, 124 Ocean Stalwart (research ship), 191 O’Keefe, Sean, 45, 47 O’Neill, Gerard, 67–71, 74–75 OneWeb, 249 Orbital Sciences, 210 Orion spacecraft (Lockheed Martin), 139–140, 159–160, 162, 244–245 Orszag, Peter, 159 Orteig Prize, 80 pad escape test, 179–180 Page, Larry, 249 Pan Am Airlines, 109–110 passengers in space, 255–261, 265–266, 268, 270–271 Patrick, Nicholas, 256–257 PayPal, 36 Perot, H. Ross, 73 Personal Spaceflight Federation, 117–119, 125–126 Pettit, Don, 175 Pike, John, 137 Pioneer missions, 223 Pitt, Brad, 112 planetary colonization. See Mars colonization and missions; moon colonization and missions Planetary Defense Coordination Office, 37 Planetary Resources, 249 poker, 27–30 Polk, Kevin, 70–71 Poore, Steve, 192 Princeton University, 67–71 prison break (New Mexico), 11, 16–17 private space programs, 32–33. See also Beal Aerospace; Blue Origin; SpaceX; United Launch Alliance; Virgin Galactic Propulsion Module 2, 168–169 Purdue University, 249–250 railgun technology, 23 rapid unscheduled disassembly (RUD), 203 Rather, Dan, 68 real estate market: Andy Beal’s fortune, 30–31 regulating the private space industry, 118, 124–126, 153 remotely operated vehicles (ROVs), 193, 197–198 Ressi, Adeo, 38 reusable launch vehicles (RLVs), 199–200 reusable rockets Blue Origin’s successful launch and landing, 222–224 developing spaceplanes and shuttles, 268–269 fueling private funding for SpaceX, 249 history of, 25 importance of, 24 landings, 3 launch technology, 270–271 Saturn V rocket recovery, 190–191 Reynolds, Alastair, 76 risk as part of the American way, 122–124 rocket technology Beal advocating for private space programs, 32–33 Beal Aerospace, 30–32 Bezos-Musk discussions over rocket architecture, 55–57 Bezos’s fascination with, 21–24 Blue Origin’s development stages, 261–263 Musk’s Falcon 1 rocket unveiling, 42–44 Musk’s goal of improving launch capability and reliability, 40–41 Musk’s projected Mars travel, 242–245 Musk’s rivalry with Bezos over orbital launch, 229–230, 233–235 New Shepard’s self-guiding system, 222–223 origins and growth of SpaceX, 41–43 See also specific rockets and programs Rocketplane Kistler, 137, 140–141 Rohrabacher, Dana, 245 Rolling Stones, 106 Rose, Charlie, 26, 75 Russia Atlas V rocket, 206 costs of the space program, 160 decline of NASA programs, 157–158 Musk’s search for rockets, 40 shuttle service, 173 Rutan, Burt, 79–90, 92–94, 96, 108, 112, 116, 212–213 sabotage accusations: SpaceX explosion, 242 safety concerns Branson’s trans-Atlantic balloon flight, 101–102 informed consent standards, 118–119 Mars travel, 243–244 people’s lack of concern over space travel safety, 113 regulating the emerging commercial industry, 118 space shuttle disasters, 117 SpaceShipOne, 93 Tuckerman Ravine, 119 See also death Sarsfield, Liam, 45–48 satellite technology Beal Aerospace, 31–32 Defense satellite launch contracts, 52–54 launching infrastructure and technology, 268–269 national security responsibilities, 52–53 shrinking size and increasing affordability of satellites, 249 SpaceX explosion destroying satellite cargo, 239–241 Sputnik launch, 59–60 surveillance, 267–268 tracking asteroid collisions, 36–37 Saturn V rocket, 66, 129, 172, 188–192 Scaled Composites, 231 creation of, 80 kinks in the SpaceShipOne design, 93 Melvill’s SpaceShipOne test flight, 87–91 pilot rivalries, 82–83, 86–87 second flight of SpaceShipOne, 87 skepticism of, 86 SpaceShipOne crash, 82–84 SpaceShipTwo crash, 212–214 Virgin GlobalFlyer, 107 See also SpaceShipOne Schatz, Tom, 49 Schirra, Martin M., Jr., 173 Schmidt, Eric, 249 science fiction literature, Jeff Bezos’s love of, 64–65 Scott, Robert Falcon, 103 Seabed Worker (salvage ship), 187–188, 192–195 Seattle Museum of Flight, 254 self-guided rocket systems, 222–223 September 11, 2001, 52, 127 Seveneves (Stephenson), 24 Sex Pistols, 105 Shackleton, Ernest, 119 Shelby, Richard, 160 Shepard, Alan, 274 Shotwell, Gwynne, 48, 132–134, 137, 141–142, 154–155, 229, 240, 248 shuttle programs, 268–269 Columbia explosion, 41, 43, 96, 117 decline of NASA’s program, 85–86, 96, 172–173 increasing reliance on the private sector, 160–161 Musk’s interest in creating, 38–39 NASA’s Space Launch Initiative, 33 Siebold, Peter, 80–81, 86–89, 92–93, 95, 212–214 Simpson, Larry, 20, 24–25 60 Minutes (television program), 68, 106, 204 smoking, 63–64 social media Musk’s rivalry with Bezos over orbital launch, 229–230 rocket landings, 3 SpaceX explosion destroying satellite cargo, 239–241 SpaceX site, 204 See also Twitter sonar search of the ocean floor, 191–192 sonic boom, 22–23 Soviet Union Bezos’s acquisition of artifacts from, 72 Branson’s offer to go into space, 107 Sputnik launch, 59–60 space exploration and colonization as human survival, 32 asteroid habitation, 71 Blue Origin startup, 74 O’Neill’s proposal for, 67–71 See also asteroids; Mars colonization and missions; moon colonization and missions Space Launch Initiative, 33 Space Launch System (SLS), 244–245 space memorabilia, 251–252 space race, early, 235 ‘space’ versus ‘orbit,’ 224–225 spaceplane development, 79–80, 269.

The key question was “whether the best site for a growing advancing industrial society is Earth, the Moon, Mars, some other planet, or somewhere else entirely. Surprisingly, the answer will be inescapable: the best site is ‘somewhere else entirely.’” BY THE TIME Bezos was a senior, he became the president of the Princeton chapter of a student organization called Students for the Exploration and Development of Space. SEDS, as it was known, was started a few years before at MIT by Peter Diamandis, who wanted to increase awareness of space—and would eventually go on to found the Ansari X Prize, a 2004 contest between private companies to launch the first-ever commercial vehicle into space. At Princeton, SEDS was a small and somewhat lonely group. Despite the popularity of Star Wars, which had come out a few years before, space was not high on anyone’s list. So the kinds of people it attracted were die-hard space geeks, who did not always fit into the rigid social hierarchy of one of the nation’s most exclusive schools.


pages: 343 words: 102,846

Trees on Mars: Our Obsession With the Future by Hal Niedzviecki

"Robert Solow", Ada Lovelace, agricultural Revolution, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, big data - Walmart - Pop Tarts, big-box store, business intelligence, Colonization of Mars, computer age, crowdsourcing, David Brooks, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Erik Brynjolfsson, Flynn Effect, Google Glasses, hive mind, Howard Zinn, if you build it, they will come, income inequality, Internet of things, invention of movable type, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, John von Neumann, knowledge economy, Kodak vs Instagram, life extension, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, Peter Thiel, Pierre-Simon Laplace, Ponzi scheme, precariat, prediction markets, Ralph Nader, randomized controlled trial, Ray Kurzweil, ride hailing / ride sharing, rising living standards, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, shareholder value, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, Steve Jobs, TaskRabbit, technological singularity, technoutopianism, Ted Kaczynski, Thomas L Friedman, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, working poor

We like start-ups, disrupters and rebels . . . people assume that big problems can be solved by swarms of small, loosely networked nonprofits and social entrepreneurs.”23 As just one example of this general shift, today we have a whole new conception of space travel. A company called Planetary Resources (backed by billionaire investors including Google’s Larry Page and Eric Schmidt) is promising to mine moons and asteroids. Richard Branson’s Virgin Galactic is offering $250,000 zero-gravity flights and has its eye on space tourism and suborbital trips with zero friction and gravity—New York City to Tokyo in two hours. Jeff Bezos of Amazon works out vigorously every morning in preparation for the moment when Blue Origin, the space exploration company he founded on 300,000 acres of land in rural Texas, is ready to send him into orbit.24 And, as we’ve already touched on, entrepreneur/tech-cheerleader Peter Diamandis has partnered with Google and launched the Google Lunar XPRIZE competition, a $30 million prize for the first private entity that can land a robot on the Moon, get it to travel at least 500 meters, and transmit images and information back to Earth.

It’s a device “designed for consumers that would provide the ability to capture information on about 15 different health conditions and also be able to interpret that information for consumers plus be able to capture vital signs in real time and be able to stream those wirelessly.”1 Whoever builds this thing first is the winner of the Qualcomm Tricorder XPrize and a purse of $10 million. The XPrize Foundation was officially launched in 1994, then made its mark in 1996 when its founder, tech entrepreneur, and futurist utopian Peter Diamandis announced a $10 million prize to be awarded to the first group to build a private spaceship capable of carrying three people and flying two times within two weeks to the open space frontier. This prize was awarded in 2004 to a team funded by former Microsoft CEO Paul Allen. The fanfare of giving out the first prize was a public relations bonanza to Diamandis and his XPrize. Corporations lined up to sponsor further prizes including the 2007-2010 Progressive Insurance Automotive XPrize, the 2010-2011 Wendy Schmidt Oil Cleanup XCHALLENGE, and the ongoing 2007 Google Lunar XPrize.

Among them include three new ocean-related XPrizes to be launched before 2020, whose goals, apparently, will be determined by crowdsourcing public opinion. The message of the XPrize Foundation is as unambiguous as its crowdsourcing marketing exercises: this is how you get to the future. Ten years ago, we might have dismissed the XPrize as an outsized personal obsession, an outlier that doesn’t actually represent any kind of systemic change in how we think about future collectively and individually. After all, XPrize founder Diamandis is a pundit, speaker, TED Talk regular, and author of iconic Silicon Valley text Abundance: The Future is Better Than You Think. In other words, he’s a professional future-first prophet—someone who has made a career out of preaching that creativity leashed to science and technology will solve our problems. (I get his mass e-mails for “abundance-minded thinkers” complete with pithy zingers like “Women, we’re entering your age of abundance.


pages: 669 words: 210,153

Tools of Titans: The Tactics, Routines, and Habits of Billionaires, Icons, and World-Class Performers by Timothy Ferriss

Airbnb, Alexander Shulgin, artificial general intelligence, asset allocation, Atul Gawande, augmented reality, back-to-the-land, Ben Horowitz, Bernie Madoff, Bertrand Russell: In Praise of Idleness, Black Swan, blue-collar work, Boris Johnson, Buckminster Fuller, business process, Cal Newport, call centre, Charles Lindbergh, Checklist Manifesto, cognitive bias, cognitive dissonance, Colonization of Mars, Columbine, commoditize, correlation does not imply causation, David Brooks, David Graeber, diversification, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, effective altruism, Elon Musk, fault tolerance, fear of failure, Firefox, follow your passion, future of work, Google X / Alphabet X, Howard Zinn, Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, Jeff Bezos, job satisfaction, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, John Markoff, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, Lao Tzu, lateral thinking, life extension, lifelogging, Mahatma Gandhi, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Mason jar, Menlo Park, Mikhail Gorbachev, MITM: man-in-the-middle, Nelson Mandela, Nicholas Carr, optical character recognition, PageRank, passive income, pattern recognition, Paul Graham, peer-to-peer, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, Peter Singer: altruism, Peter Thiel, phenotype, PIHKAL and TIHKAL, post scarcity, post-work, premature optimization, QWERTY keyboard, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ray Kurzweil, recommendation engine, rent-seeking, Richard Feynman, risk tolerance, Ronald Reagan, selection bias, sharing economy, side project, Silicon Valley, skunkworks, Skype, Snapchat, social graph, software as a service, software is eating the world, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, superintelligent machines, Tesla Model S, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas L Friedman, Wall-E, Washington Consensus, Whole Earth Catalog, Y Combinator, zero-sum game

So where inside of your companies are you trying crazy ideas?’ ” Spirit animal: Eagle * * * Peter Diamandis Dr. Peter H. Diamandis (TW: @PeterDiamandis, diamandis.com) has been named one of the World’s 50 Greatest Leaders by Fortune magazine. Peter is founder and executive chairman of the XPRIZE Foundation, best known for its $10 million Ansari XPRIZE for private spaceflight. Today the XPRIZE leads the world in designing and operating large-scale global competitions to solve market failures. He is also the co-founder (along with J. Craig Venter and Bob Hariri) and vice chairman of Human Longevity, Inc. (HLI); and the co-founder and executive chairman of Planetary Resources, a company designing spacecraft to prospect near-Earth asteroids for precious materials (seriously). He is the author of books including Bold and Abundance, which have endorsements from Bill Clinton, Eric Schmidt, and Ray Kurzweil, among others.

Though indebted to hundreds of people, I wish to thank here the many guests who have appeared on my podcast and who grace the pages of this book, listed in alphabetical order: Scott Adams (p. 261) James Altucher (p. 246) Sophia Amoruso (p. 376) Marc Andreessen (p. 170) Sekou Andrews (p. 642) Patrick Arnold (p. 35) Peter Attia (p. 59) Glenn Beck (p. 553) Scott Belsky (p. 359) Richard Betts (p. 563) Mike Birbiglia (p. 566) Alex Blumberg (p. 303) Amelia Boone (p. 2) Justin Boreta (p. 356) Tara Brach (p. 555) Brené Brown (p. 586) Bryan Callen (p. 483) Shay Carl (p. 441) Dan Carlin (p. 285) Ed Catmull (p. 309) Margaret Cho (p. 538) Paulo Coelho (p. 511) Ed Cooke (p. 517) Kevin Costner (p. 451) Whitney Cummings (p. 477) Dominic D’Agostino (p. 21) Alain de Botton (p. 486) Joe De Sena (p. 38) Mike Del Ponte (p. 299) Peter Diamandis (p. 369) Tracy DiNunzio (p. 313) Jack Dorsey (p. 509) Stephen J. Dubner (p. 574) Dan Engle (p. 109) James Fadiman (p. 100) Jon Favreau (p. 592) Jamie Foxx (p. 604) Chris Fussell (p. 435) Cal Fussman (p. 495) Adam Gazzaley (p. 135) Malcolm Gladwell (p. 572) Seth Godin (p. 237) Evan Goldberg (p. 531) Marc Goodman (p. 424) Laird Hamilton (p. 92) Sam Harris (p. 454) Wim Hof (p. 41) Reid Hoffman (p. 228) Ryan Holiday (p. 334) Chase Jarvis (p. 280) Daymond John (p. 323) Bryan Johnson (p. 609) Sebastian Junger (p. 420) Noah Kagan (p. 325) Samy Kamkar (p. 427) Kaskade (p. 329) Sam Kass (p. 558) Kevin Kelly (p. 470) Brian Koppelman (p. 613) Tim Kreider (p. 489) Paul Levesque (p. 128) Phil Libin (p. 315) Will MacAskill (p. 446) Brian MacKenzie (p. 92) Justin Mager (p. 72) Nicholas McCarthy (p. 208) Gen.

Novak (p. 378) Alexis Ohanian (p. 194) Amanda Palmer (p. 520) Rhonda Patrick (p. 6) Caroline Paul (p. 459) Martin Polanco (p. 109) Charles Poliquin (p. 74) Maria Popova (p. 406) Rolf Potts (p. 362) Naval Ravikant (p. 546) Gabby Reece (p. 92) Tony Robbins (p. 210) Robert Rodriguez (p. 628) Seth Rogen (p. 531) Kevin Rose (p. 340) Rick Rubin (p. 502) Chris Sacca (p. 164) Arnold Schwarzenegger (p. 176) Ramit Sethi (p. 287) Mike Shinoda (p. 352) Jason Silva (p. 589) Derek Sivers (p. 184) Joshua Skenes (p. 500) Christopher Sommer (p. 9) Morgan Spurlock (p. 221) Kelly Starrett (p. 122) Neil Strauss (p. 347) Cheryl Strayed (p. 515) Chade-Meng Tan (p. 154) Peter Thiel (p. 232) Pavel Tsatsouline (p. 85) Luis von Ahn (p. 331) Josh Waitzkin (p. 577) Eric Weinstein (p. 523) Shaun White (p. 271) Jocko Willink (p. 412) Rainn Wilson (p. 543) Chris Young (p. 318) Andrew Zimmern (p. 540) Contents FOREWORD ON THE SHOULDERS OF GIANTS READ THIS FIRST—HOW TO USE THIS BOOK * * * Part 1: Healthy Amelia Boone Rhonda Perciavalle Patrick Christopher Sommer Gymnast Strong Dominic D’Agostino Patrick Arnold Joe De Sena Wim “The Iceman” Hof Rick Rubin’s Barrel Sauna Jason Nemer AcroYoga—Thai and Fly Deconstructing Sports and Skills with Questions Peter Attia Justin Mager Charles Poliquin The Slow-Carb Diet® Cheat Sheet My 6-Piece Gym in a Bag Pavel Tsatsouline Laird Hamilton, Gabby Reece & Brian MacKenzie James Fadiman Martin Polanco & Dan Engle Kelly Starrett Paul Levesque (Triple H) Jane McGonigal Adam Gazzaley 5 Tools for Faster and Better Sleep 5 Morning Rituals that Help Me Win the Day Mind Training 101 Three Tips from a Google Pioneer Coach Sommer—The Single Decision * * * Part 2: Wealthy Chris Sacca Marc Andreessen Arnold Schwarzenegger Derek Sivers Alexis Ohanian “Productivity” Tricks for the Neurotic, Manic-Depressive, and Crazy (Like Me) Matt Mullenweg Nicholas McCarthy Tony Robbins Casey Neistat Morgan Spurlock What My Morning Journal Looks Like Reid Hoffman Peter Thiel Seth Godin James Altucher How to Create a Real-World MBA Scott Adams Shaun White The Law of Category Chase Jarvis Dan Carlin Ramit Sethi 1,000 True Fans—Revisited Hacking Kickstarter Alex Blumberg The Podcast Gear I Use Ed Catmull Tracy DiNunzio Phil Libin Chris Young Daymond John Noah Kagan Kaskade Luis von Ahn The Canvas Strategy Kevin Rose Gut Investing Neil Strauss Mike Shinoda Justin Boreta Scott Belsky How to Earn Your Freedom Peter Diamandis Sophia Amoruso B.J. Novak How to Say “No” When It Matters Most * * * Part 3: Wise BJ Miller Maria Popova Jocko Willink Sebastian Junger Marc Goodman Samy Kamkar Tools of a Hacker General Stanley McChrystal & Chris Fussell Shay Carl Will MacAskill The Dickens Process—What Are Your Beliefs Costing You? Kevin Costner Sam Harris Caroline Paul My Favorite Thought Exercise: Fear-Setting Kevin Kelly Is This What I So Feared?


pages: 326 words: 97,089

Five Billion Years of Solitude: The Search for Life Among the Stars by Lee Billings

addicted to oil, Albert Einstein, Arthur Eddington, California gold rush, Colonization of Mars, cosmological principle, cuban missile crisis, dark matter, Dava Sobel, double helix, Edmond Halley, full employment, hydraulic fracturing, index card, Isaac Newton, Johannes Kepler, Kuiper Belt, low earth orbit, Magellanic Cloud, music of the spheres, out of africa, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, planetary scale, profit motive, quantitative trading / quantitative finance, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, random walk, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, Searching for Interstellar Communications, selection bias, Silicon Valley, Solar eclipse in 1919, technological singularity, the scientific method, transcontinental railway

Did Seager have a get-rich-quick scheme I didn’t know about? She smiled. “This sounds like a joke, but it’s very serious: mining asteroids. If that happens in thirty, forty years, I’ll be too old to run TPF, but at least I’d have the money to make it personally happen.” Seager had signed on as a scientific advisor with a new venture, Planetary Resources, Inc., which would publicly debut two months after our conversation. The company was cofounded by two influential entrepreneurs of the emerging private spaceflight industry, Eric Anderson and Peter Diamandis; among its investors were Eric Schmidt and Larry Page of Google, and the billionaire space tourist and software developer Charles Simonyi. Other than Seager, its advisors included the Hollywood filmmaker and deep-ocean explorer James Cameron and a former U.S. Air Force chief of staff, General T.

Michael Moseley. The business plan was, at its core, quite simple: locate and extract valuable resources from near-Earth asteroids, many of which are thought to contain deposits of platinum and other rare metals valued at trillions of dollars based on existing market prices. If, against long odds, the venture eventually proved successful, its core team stood to net multibillion-dollar profits. Planetary Resources planned to begin by building and launching small space telescopes, both to remotely “prospect” asteroids and to sell observing time to public and private parties. The next steps involved creating a low-cost interplanetary communications network and sending fleets of nimble robotic spacecraft to rendezvous with the most promising asteroids for closer inspection and eventual recovery of their rich resources.

., 15 Pennsylvania, 124, 128, 131, 133, 138, 143, 144 coal mining in, 125 Marcellus formation in, 126–30, 137, 138, 141, 144, 160 Pennsylvania State University, 127, 149, 153 Permian Period, 132 petroleum, 125–26, 137, 160, 184 Phanerozoic Eon, 138, 144 Phobos, 100 photolysis, 156, 172 photons, 72, 89, 115–16, 156, 191, 193–94, 201, 202, 213, 216, 237–38 photosynthesis, 29, 33, 131, 140–43, 154, 169, 175, 180–82 Pioneer, 239 Planetary Resources, Inc., 258–59 planetesimals, 2 planets: extrasolar, see exoplanets formation of, in our solar system, 2–3, 31, 109, 238 Kepler’s laws of motion of, 82–84 protoplanets, 2 transits of, 53 plants, 130–32, 143 photosynthesis in, 29, 33, 131, 140–43, 154, 169, 175, 180–82 plate tectonics, 30, 105, 111, 128, 140, 144, 169, 172, 176, 179, 229 Plato, 78–80, 82 Pluto, 110, 191, 239 polarization, 115–16 POLISH, 115–17 Pollack, James, 158 Pong, Christopher, 259 Precambrian period, 139–40, 144, 154, 238 precious metals, 105–6, 111 primordial soup, 19 Proceedings of the Royal Society, 84 Project Ozma, 11, 14, 47–48 prokaryotes, 139, 140, 143, 144 Proterozoic Eon, 140–44, 171, 179 protons, 88 protoplanets, 2 Proxima Centauri, 94, 97 psychohistory, 152 pyrite, 173 Pythagoras, 78, 82 Quaternary Period, 133 Queloz, Didier, 58 radio, 42–43, 45 Radio Astronomy Laboratory, 12 Recession, Great, 13, 106–7, 165, 196 recombination, 248, 249 red beds, 131 redox reactions, 168 redwood trees, 30–31, 106, 110 Regulus, 239 Renaissance, 22, 81 Reynolds, Ray, 155–56 Ricketts, Taylor, 74–77 Rittenhouse, David, 86 Road Map for the Exploration of Neighboring Planetary Systems, A, 211–12, 214, 221 rocket equation, 186 Sagan, Carl, 16, 19, 20, 24–25, 174, 239–42, 243 San Diego Air & Space Museum, 100 Sasselov, Dimitar, 226, 249 Saturn, 28, 83, 109, 191 Saturn rockets, 151–52, 187, 188, 202, 203 Schmidt, Eric, 258 Science, 104 scientific method, 78 Seager, Sara, 243–65 children of, 251–53, 156, 160–61, 264 ExoplanetSat project of, 256–57 “Next 40 Years of Exoplanets” conference of, 225–35, 263 as Planetary Resources advisor, 258–59 TPF work of, 225–28, 232–35, 249–53, 255–58, 262 Wevrick and, 244–49, 251–56, 264 Wevrick’s illness and death and, 253–56, 264, 265 Wevrick’s marriage to, 249 SETI (search for extraterrestrial intelligence), 9–14, 38, 41 Arecibo Observatory and, 41 Drake equation and, 16–25 first modern search by, 10–11 Green Bank conference of, 15–25, 27–28, 101, 167–68, 240 lack of funding for, 10–14 Laughlin’s view of, 99 NASA and, 11–12 Project Ozma, 11, 14, 47–48 SETI Institute, 12, 43 Allen Telescope Array of, 12–14, 41, 42 shales, see black shales Simonyi, Charles, 258 Smith, Matt, 259 Snowball Earth events, 142, 174, 179 solar eclipse, 119 solar system, 19, 87 evolution of, as viewed from stars, 238–39 formation of, 1–3, 31, 139 formation of Earth in, 2, 7, 20, 139, 173 formation of planets in, 2–3, 31, 109, 238 heliocentric model of, 79–82 measuring size of, 86 shell of light surrounding, 237–38 Soviet Union, 11 nuclear weapons and, 23 Soyuz rocket, 233–34 Venera 13, 50 Space Age, 48, 50, 87, 99, 112, 151 Space Interferometry Mission (SIM), 215 space junk, 13 Space Launch System, 204 space missions, 187–99 Apollo, 1, 50, 151, 187, 202, 212, 239 Ares V, 203 Atlantis, 185–87 ATLAST, 198, 203, 230 Challenger, 3, 188–89 Columbia, 189, 196 commercial providers and, 233–34, 258–59 Constellation program, 196, 198, 203, 204, 215, 221, 223 ExoplanetSat, 256–57 Galileo, 241–42 Great Observatories, 192, 197, 209 Hubble Space Telescope, 189–93, 195, 197–99, 205–7, 209, 218–19, 226 International Space Station, 187, 189, 197, 202, 207–8, 210 James Webb Space Telescope, 193–99, 202–4, 209, 215, 216, 218, 220, 225, 262 Kepler Space Telescope, 13–14, 53–54, 56, 62, 71–73, 98, 108–9, 166, 201, 225, 229–30, 263 to Mars, 187, 188, 196, 207, 221 to Moon, see Moon, missions to New Horizons, 239 OpTIIX, 207–8, 210 Pioneer, 239–40 Saturn rockets, 151–52, 187, 188, 202, 203 shuttle program failures, 188–89 Terrestrial Planet Finders, see Terrestrial Planet Finders Tsiolkovsky and, 186–87 Voyager, see Voyager missions Space Telescope Science Institute, 198, 199, 212, 257–58 spectra, 200–202, 250 spectroscopy, spectrometers, 33–34, 51–52 in Alpha Centauri search, 94–98 CHIRON, 62 Hamilton, 58, 114 HARPS, 60–61, 63–69, 96, 98 HIRES, 59–63, 66 iodine cell calibration in, 58 radial-velocity (RV), 51, 53–58, 60, 61–64, 66, 68, 94–98, 108, 114 Spergel, David, 218–20, 249 Spitzer, Lyman, 189, 209 Spitzer Space Telescope, 192, 209 Sproul Telescope, 52 spy satellites, 188, 189, 205, 209 SRI International, 42 Stahl, Phil, 203 Stamenkovic, Vlada, 259 stars, 200–201 47 Ursae Majoris, 59 51 Pegasi, 50 61 Virginis, 55 70 Virginis, 59 Alpha Centauri, see Alpha Centauri binary systems, 18, 94 Dyson spheres for capturing energy of, 104, 105 in early cosmology, 78–80 of exoplanets, observations of, 33 formation of, 17–18, 27 GJ 667C, 65, 66 Gliese 581, 63, 68, 163 HD 83443, 60 HD 209458, 60, 228 HR 8799, 238 Kepler field, 41 laws of nature and, 155–56 M13 cluster, 39–41 measuring distances to, 86 Proxima Centauri, 94, 97 red dwarf (M-dwarf), 27, 172, 228–30, 262 spectroscopy and, see spectroscopy, spectrometers Sun-like, 18, 50, 55, 201, 228, 230, 238, 256, 257 transits of planets across, 53 Star Wars, 260–61 Stoermer, Eugene, 135 Struve, Otto, 15, 18–19, 25, 32, 47–48 sulfuric acid, 173 Sun, 31, 73, 87 birth of, 2, 31, 238 Dyson spheres for capturing energy of, 104, 105 in early cosmology, 78–82 Earth’s distance from, 83, 86 end of life on Earth caused by, 7, 31–32, 75–77, 159, 180–83 faint young Sun problem, 173–75 heliocentrism and, 79–82 orbit of, 95 shell of light surrounding, 237–38 as telescope, 35–37 Sun-like stars, 18, 50, 55, 201, 228, 230, 238, 256, 257 supernovae, 30, 88 Swarthmore College, 52 systemic, 71 Systemic Console, 54, 65 Tau Ceti, 10–11 technological civilizations, 29, 32, 104–5 emergence of, 21–22 longevity of, 22–25, 38–39, 41, 42 technological progress, 136, 183 Urey on, 101–3 and visibility of communication, 42–43 technological singularity, 43–44 tectonic plates, 30, 105, 111, 128, 140, 144, 169, 172, 176, 179, 229 telescopes, 34–36, 51, 61, 99, 170–71, 199, 201–4, 206, 208, 211–12, 223 active optics in, 204–6, 208 Allen Array, 12–14, 41, 42 ATLAST, 198, 203, 230 Automated Planet Finder, 61, 70, 114 ExoplanetSat, 256–57 Galileo’s use of, 81–82, 210 Gemini, 199–200, 203 in Great Observatories program, 192, 197, 209 Hubble, 189–93, 195, 197–99, 205–7, 209, 218–19, 226 James Webb (JWST), 193–99, 202–4, 209, 215, 216, 218, 220, 225, 262 Kasting and, 152–54 Kepler, 13–14, 53–54, 56, 62, 71–73, 98, 108–9, 166, 201, 225, 229–30, 263 mEarth Project, 228–29 Sun as, 35–37 Terrestrial Planet Finders, see Terrestrial Planet Finders see also observatories Teller, Edward, 101 temperature-pressure profile, 157–58 Terrestrial Planet Finders (TPFs), 165–67, 184, 194, 196–98, 214–35, 241, 242, 263 coronagraphic, 217–22, 224, 231, 249 interferometer concept for, 213–14, 216, 231 Seager’s work with, 225–28, 232–35, 249–53, 255–58, 262 starshade (occulter) concept for, 220–21, 225 TESS (Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite), 229–30 Thales, 77–79, 238 Thébault, Philippe, 97 thermodynamic disequilibrium, 168–69 Thoreau, Henry, 254 Time, 52 time, deep, 145–46 time capsule, 100–103 Todd, David Peck, 114 Toronto Sun, 74 transits, 53, 56, 84–86, 114–20, 204, 229–30, 251, 263 Traub, Wesley, 217–19, 221–25, 235 travel, interstellar, 44–45, 100–101 tropopause, 158–59 Tsiolkovsky, Konstantin, 186–87, 199, 225, 231 Turner, Edwin, 249–50 2063 A.D., 100–103 universe: Big Bang and, 89–91 evolution of, 88–89 expansion of, 87–90 inflation of, 89–92 recombination in, 248, 249 smoothness of, 89 universes, parallel, 90–91 University of California, 113 University of California, Berkeley: Miller Institute for Basic Research in Science, 48, 74 Radio Astronomy Laboratory, 12 University of California, Santa Cruz, 107–8 University of Vermont, 74–75 Uranus, 109–10 Urey, Harold, 15, 19 2063 A.D. entry of, 101–3 Utt, James B., 101 Valencia, Diana, 259 van de Kamp, Peter, 52–53 Venera 13, 50 Venus, 19, 49–50, 54, 87, 109, 154, 155, 179, 239 atmosphere of, 116, 159–60 climate of, 158–59 Galileo’s study of, 81–82 Kepler’s study of, 83–84 Laughlin’s valuation of, 73 transits of, 83–86, 114–20 water on, 28, 171–72, 179 Vogt, Steve, 55, 58–64, 66–70 Von Braun, Wernher, 1, 151, 186 Voyager missions, 35, 239–42 image of Earth from, 239–42 phonograph records on, 240 Walden (Thoreau), 254 Walden Pond, 254 Walker, James, 176–79, 181 water, 157, 170–71 on Earth, 3, 30, 158–61, 174, 177–80, 182 on Mars, 28, 179 on Venus, 28, 171–72, 179 Wevrick, Mike, 244–49, 251–56, 264 illness and death of, 253–56, 264, 265 Seager’s marriage to, 249 Whipple, Fred, 100 Whitfield, Michael, 181–82 Whitmire, Dan, 155–56 Wiktorowicz, Sloane, 115–19 Wolfe, Tom, 1 world government, 102 Wright, Orville and Wilbur, 186 Zachary, Pavl, 117–18


pages: 183 words: 51,514

Mission to Mars: My Vision for Space Exploration by Buzz Aldrin, Leonard David

Buckminster Fuller, Charles Lindbergh, Colonization of Mars, Elon Musk, gravity well, high net worth, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, low earth orbit, Mars Rover, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, Ronald Reagan, telepresence, telerobotics, transcontinental railway, Tunguska event, X Prize

How sorting out the adjudication of resource-rich celestial objects will play out remains open for dialogue and, quite literally, there is need to dig into these issues deeper. The outlook for mining asteroids was boosted in 2012 by the intentions of a new private U.S. company, Planetary Resources, Inc., based in Seattle. This team of entrepreneurs announced the venture aimed at mining the solar system, a plan that is billionaire-backed and enthusiastically supported by such people as filmmaker James Cameron, an adviser to the group. Chris Lewicki, President and Chief Engineer of Planetary Resources, has scripted a multipronged program to access resources from near-Earth asteroids. He makes it clear that developing space resources and creating a market for the volatile mineral and metallic resources of asteroids would be a slice of a larger undertaking.

He makes it clear that developing space resources and creating a market for the volatile mineral and metallic resources of asteroids would be a slice of a larger undertaking. Mining the moon, establishing space-based solar power, and growing a space tourism market are examples of taking the economic sphere of influence on Earth and moving it beyond the belt of moneymaking geostationary satellites, where it now abruptly stops. Planetary Resources design for capture of near-Earth asteroid for mining (Illustration Credit 5.12) Planetary Resources has outlined a plan to launch a line of low-cost robotic spacecraft. In essence, they have a business plan that calls for the detection, inspection, and interception of asteroids. A first step is to explore for and chart resource-rich asteroids within reach. After intensive study of selected asteroids, the group’s intent is to then develop the most efficient capabilities to deliver asteroid resources directly to both space-based and terrestrial customers.

Chapter 4 4.1 NASA; 4.2 NASA; 4.3 NASA; 4.4 NASA; 4.5 NASA; 4.6 NASA/GSFC/Arizona State University; 4.7 NASA; 4.8 (All), Used by permission from the Buzz Aldrin Photo Archive; 4.9 Dwight Bohnet/NSF; 4.10 NASA/AMA Studios - Advanced Concepts Lab (ACL); 4.11 Courtesy Alex Ignatiev, University of Houston/Marjo Productions. Chapter 5 5.1 Roger Harris/Science Source; 5.2 NASA; 5.3 © David A. Hardy/www.astroart.org; 5.4 JAXA/NASA/© Pascal Lee 2012; 5.5 (UP), Stephen L. Alvarez/National Geographic Stock; 5.6 (LO), Universal Images Group/Getty Images; 5.7 Dan Durda/B612 Foundation/FIAAA; 5.8 B612 Foundation/Sentinel Mission; 5.9 NASA; 5.10 NASA; 5.11 NASA; 5.12 NASA; 5.13 AP Images/Planetary Resources. Chapter 6 6.1 Pete Souza/The White House; 6.2 NG Maps; 6.3 NASA/USGS; 6.4 NASA/JPL-Caltech/Malin Space Science Systems; 6.5 Photo by Mark Thiessen/National Geographic; 6.6 Courtesy of Lockheed Martin; 6.7 ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum). Chapter 7 7.1 NASA/JSC; 7.2 NASA/JPL-Caltech; 7.3 NASA; 7.4 Bryan Versteeg/Spacehabs.com; 7.5 NASA; 7.6 NASA; 7.7 NASA; 7.8 Robert Zubrin; 7.9 SpaceX; 7.10 SpaceX; 7.11 NASA/JPL; 7.12 (UP), NASA; 7.13 (LO), Arizona State University/Ron Miller; 7.14 Graphic by Robert O’Brien, Center for Space Nuclear Research at DOE’s Idaho National Laboratory; 7.15 NASA; 7.16 JPL/NASA.


pages: 677 words: 206,548

Future Crimes: Everything Is Connected, Everyone Is Vulnerable and What We Can Do About It by Marc Goodman

23andMe, 3D printing, active measures, additive manufacturing, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, airport security, Albert Einstein, algorithmic trading, artificial general intelligence, Asilomar, Asilomar Conference on Recombinant DNA, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, Baxter: Rethink Robotics, Bill Joy: nanobots, bitcoin, Black Swan, blockchain, borderless world, Brian Krebs, business process, butterfly effect, call centre, Charles Lindbergh, Chelsea Manning, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, computer vision, connected car, corporate governance, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, data acquisition, data is the new oil, Dean Kamen, disintermediation, don't be evil, double helix, Downton Abbey, drone strike, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, Filter Bubble, Firefox, Flash crash, future of work, game design, global pandemic, Google Chrome, Google Earth, Google Glasses, Gordon Gekko, high net worth, High speed trading, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, hypertext link, illegal immigration, impulse control, industrial robot, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet of things, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, John Harrison: Longitude, John Markoff, Joi Ito, Jony Ive, Julian Assange, Kevin Kelly, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, Kuwabatake Sanjuro: assassination market, Law of Accelerating Returns, Lean Startup, license plate recognition, lifelogging, litecoin, low earth orbit, M-Pesa, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, Menlo Park, Metcalfe’s law, MITM: man-in-the-middle, mobile money, more computing power than Apollo, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Nate Silver, national security letter, natural language processing, obamacare, Occupy movement, Oculus Rift, off grid, offshore financial centre, optical character recognition, Parag Khanna, pattern recognition, peer-to-peer, personalized medicine, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, Peter Thiel, pre–internet, RAND corporation, ransomware, Ray Kurzweil, refrigerator car, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Rodney Brooks, Ross Ulbricht, Satoshi Nakamoto, Second Machine Age, security theater, self-driving car, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, smart cities, smart grid, smart meter, Snapchat, social graph, software as a service, speech recognition, stealth mode startup, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, strong AI, Stuxnet, supply-chain management, technological singularity, telepresence, telepresence robot, Tesla Model S, The Future of Employment, The Wisdom of Crowds, Tim Cook: Apple, trade route, uranium enrichment, Wall-E, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, Wave and Pay, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, web application, Westphalian system, WikiLeaks, Y Combinator, zero day

For man holds in his mortal hands the power to abolish all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life. JOHN F. KENNEDY Though the space shuttle program has ended, much research and activity in the field of space science continues, particularly with private companies like Elon Musk’s SpaceX and Richard Branson’s Virgin Galactic commercializing space transportation. Another space company, Planetary Resources, founded in 2012 by Peter Diamandis and Eric Anderson, intends to bring the natural resources of space to within humanity’s reach by landing robots on asteroids and mining them for raw materials, using ultralow-cost 3-D printed spacecraft. Though it may be difficult to fathom, criminals and terrorists alike will attempt to harness space technologies to their advantage. Just as nobody foresaw a terrorist hijacking or the need for air marshals when the Wright brothers first launched their plane at Kitty Hawk, so too does it seem nigh impossible to ponder the need for space marshals.

The prize was the fundamental kindling, the thing that sparked the innovation that solved the problem and helped create today’s aviation industry. In 1996, the physician, space enthusiast, and serial entrepreneur Peter Diamandis took up the Orteig mantle and created the XPRIZE Foundation, a nonprofit organization that designs and manages public competitions intended to encourage technological development for the betterment of mankind. Perhaps it is time for such a competition in cyber security. According to Diamandis, “An XPRIZE is a highly leveraged, incentivized prize competition that pushes the limits of what’s possible to change the world for the better. It captures the world’s imagination and inspires others to reach for similar goals, spurring innovation and accelerating the rate of positive change.” The first competition Diamandis ever announced was the $10 million Ansari XPRIZE, which challenged teams to launch a manned-spaceship past the Karman Line (100 km altitude) before safely returning to Earth.

In the end, individual gamers may hold the potential to make significant breakthroughs in cyber security, doing it for no other reason than that they enjoy playing the game. Others will be motivated by their ability to solve real-world problems and helping their fellow man. For those that find neither appealing, there’s always cold hard cash. Eye on the Prize: Incentive Competitions for Global Security The day before something becomes a breakthrough, it’s a crazy idea. PETER DIAMANDIS Prizes have a way of focusing the mind. Just ask the throngs who show up for a chance at the Mega Millions lottery jackpot. But prizes can also be the spark that produces a revolutionary solution to an intractable problem. Such was the case when the British Parliament established the Longitude Prize in 1714 in an effort to help with maritime navigation in order to ensure the “safety and quickness of voyages, the preservation of ships, and the lives of men.”


pages: 441 words: 113,244

Seasteading: How Floating Nations Will Restore the Environment, Enrich the Poor, Cure the Sick, and Liberate Humanity From Politicians by Joe Quirk, Patri Friedman

3D printing, access to a mobile phone, addicted to oil, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, barriers to entry, Branko Milanovic, British Empire, Buckminster Fuller, Burning Man, business climate, business cycle, business process, California gold rush, Celtic Tiger, Charles Lindbergh, clean water, Colonization of Mars, Dean Kamen, Deng Xiaoping, drone strike, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, failed state, financial intermediation, Gini coefficient, happiness index / gross national happiness, income inequality, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), joint-stock company, joint-stock limited liability company, Kickstarter, low skilled workers, Machinery of Freedom by David Friedman, Mark Zuckerberg, megacity, minimum wage unemployment, Network effects, new economy, obamacare, offshore financial centre, open borders, paypal mafia, peak oil, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, Peter Thiel, price stability, profit motive, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, Shenzhen was a fishing village, Silicon Valley, special economic zone, standardized shipping container, stem cell, trade route, UNCLOS, UNCLOS, undersea cable, young professional

Takahashi served as staff director for the Hard Minerals Act in the U.S. Senate in 1979. Back when he was still trying to convince governments to see beyond the next election, he proposed a plan to harvest “strategic minerals and marine methane hydrates from the seabed.” Bottom line: it’s easier to dig through water than rock. You just have to go a lot deeper. Or send robots into outer space. In recent years, companies such as Deep Space Industries, Planetary Resources, and Kepler Energy & Space Engineering announced hopes to land rockets on asteroids and build “space infrastructure” to exploit them for rare earth minerals, prompting criticism that the quality of ore is speculative and the cost is even more astronomical than the ambition. We have to ask ourselves why billionaire aerospace entrepreneurs are talking about mining asteroids when we should be mining the sea.

., 200 Narayana Hrudayalaya Health City, 231–32 Narayana Hrudayalaya Hospital, 227–28 National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine, 222 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 43, 79, 162, 169, 179, 186 National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) Digital Fabrication, 169 National Geographic (magazine), 126, 135 National Geographic (tv channel), 161 nationality principle, 14 National Marine Sanctuary Foundation, 166 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), 120, 127 National Ocean Policy Coalition, 295 National Science Foundation, 108, 118, 127 Nature, 69 Nature Conservancy, 127 Nature Geoscience, 160 Nautilus Minerals, 160 Naval Research Laboratory, US, 136 Navy Bureau of Ships, US, 24 Navy Bureau of Yards and Docks, US, 24 Necker Island, 268 Nestlé, 70 Netherlands, 20, 21, 22, 41–47, 50, 172 Newfoundland Aquaculture Industry Association (NAIA), 127 New York Times, 21, 115 NexTag, 131 Next City (magazine), 22 Nextel, 131 Next Web, 236 Nicholson, Bob, 146, 152–54 Nile River, 146 nitrogen, 69, 74, 75, 77, 83, 144–45, 156 Njihia, Mbungua, 236 Nokia, 235 Northern Hemisphere, 159 North Korea, 90, 186–88 Norway, 26, 205, 206, 261 Nothing to Envy: Ordinary Lives in North Korea (Demick), 186 Noxzema, 135 Nuehealth, 236 Nusa Lembongan, 86 Obama, Barack, 136, 271 Ober, Josiah, 281 obesity, 70 Ocean Conservancy, 128 Ocean Energy Council, 154–55 Ocean Energy Pioneer Award, 155 Ocean Farm Technologies, 119, 127 oceans: acidification of, 108–9, 133, 137 as bioeconomy, 76 contribution to economy, 17–20 repopulating with fish, 110 as solar collector, 144–49 see also aquaculture Ocean Stewards Institute, 109–10 ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC), 54, 146–56 octopus, 261 offshore military forts, 37 Oh, Kongdan, 187 oil, see algae; biofuel; oil rigs; peak oil; seaweed oil rigs, 18–19, 23, 51, 130, 258 Okinawa, 155 Olthuis, Koen, 21, 22, 25, 26, 46, 172 omega-3 fatty acids, 75, 133 Omnivore’s Dilemma, The: A Natural History of Four Meals (Pollan), 70 One Laptop per Child, 266 1 percent graph, 185 OPEC, 129, 132 Ord, Toby, 185 Origins of Political Order, The: From Prehuman Times to the French Revolution (Fukuyama), 188 Osinga, Ronald, 88 OTEC International, 146, 152–54, 160 Outernet, 235 Outliers: The Story of Success (Gladwell), 213 Outpatients: The Astonishing New World of Medical Tourism (Issenberg), 227 oxygen, 69, 75 see also photosynthesis oysters, 93, 94, 108, 110 Pacific Institute, 68 Pacific International Center for High Technology Research, 143 Pacific International Ocean Station, 151 Pacific Investment Management Company (PIMCO), 237 Padma Bhushan (award), 240 Paideia schools, 197 Pakistan, 68, 86, 92 Palantir Technologies, 28, 29 Paley, Vitaly, 98 Palladio, Andrea, 268 Palmerston Atoll, 105 Panama, 85, 93 parasites, 47–48, 112, 113, 117, 119, 120 parrot fish, 105 Patients Beyond Borders, 222, 223 Pauley, Phil, 173 PayPal, 28, 29, 169 PBS NewsHour, 281 peak oil, 6, 65, 145 Pennsylvania, 52, 91 PeopleMatter, 131 Perception, 130 Perry, Mark J., 189 pests and pesticides, 70 Pew Charitable Trusts, 262 Philippines, 90 pH level, 108 phosphorus, 6, 52, 69, 90–91, 144 peak phosphorus, 6, 51, 302 photosynthesis, 73–74, 83, 97, 109, 122, 145 Physical Review Letters, 258 phytoplankton, 73, 150 Pimentel, David, 82, 83 pirates and piracy, 269–70 Pivot15 Challenge, 236 Planetary Resources, 160 Planetary Sustainability Collaboratory, 79 plankton, 76, 156–57 plant factory (vertical garden of vegetables), 174 plate tectonics, 161 Pollan, Michael, 70 pollution, 69, 74, 82, 84, 259 see also carbon dioxide; runoff Pond Biofuels, 136–37 pond scum, 91, 133, 135–36 Portunus (Roman god), 18 Portunus Project, 18 Poseidon Adventure, The, 272 poverty, 69, 70, 189, 198–99, 202 see also aquaculture Powell, Ken, 69 power purchase agreements (PPA), 156 Practice Fusion, 28, 131 “Predictability of Rogue Events,” 258 Prelude (floating natural gas facility), 12, 147 Princeton Hydro, 91 Project Eyes on the Seas, 262 Project Loon, 235 Project OASIS (Ocean Aquaculture for Seastead Integrated Solutions), 123, 212 Pryor, Miranda, 127 Public-Domain Architects, 44 Radulovich, Ricardo, 71–72, 75, 76–78 aquaculture, 87–88, 90, 95–96, 110 as aquapreneur, 56, 66–68, 80–81, 85–86 on blue revolution, 126–27 on photosynthesis, 73–74, 83–85 on regulations, 91–92 at Seasteading Conference, 93–97, 109 on subsidies, 93 rainforests, 53 Ramsden, Neil, 127 rare earth minerals, 159–60 Rauch, Jonathan, 290 Reagan, Ronald, 151 Redfield, Alfred C., 144 Redfield ratio, 144, 156 Red Sea, 260 refugees, 22–23 regulations: health care, 225–26, 230, 239, 241, 243–47 restrictions in aquaculture, 127 and seasteading, 55, 247–50 and special interests, 91–92 US and EU, 45, 165, 270–71 regulatory capture, 91 Rehmke, Gregory F., 280–81 Reidy, William, 18 Reignwood Group, 148 remittances, 298 Resonance Medical Technologies, 242 Réunion, 149 Revenge of Cuba (spinoff from Ephemerisle), 36 Ribozyme Pharmaceuticals, 131 rice, 78 rickets, 79 Rime of the Ancient Mariner, The (Coleridge), 72 Rise and Fall of Classical Greece, The (Ober), 281 robots, 160, 169, 171, 232 rogue waves, 161, 258–59 Roman Colosseum, 20 Rotterdam, see Netherlands Royal Caribbean International, 14–15, 264 Rudnick, Phillip, 164 Rule of Law Index, 201 runoff, 69, 74, 83, 90, 126, 134, 259 Saeme, Mohammed, 221 SAEMED, 221 Sagan, Carl, 72 Saint Martin (island), 240 St.

We’ve eroded most of the topsoil, chopped down much of the forests, and devoured 90 percent of the large fish stock since 1950. The profit motive overpowers the stewardship motive. Everybody blames the oil companies, but we really enjoy our cars, bottled drinks, and computers, which require oil to produce, so we might as well point the finger at everybody except the Amish and Jain monks. The human race is faced with eight of what futurist Peter Diamandis, founder of the XPRIZE Foundation and Singularity University, calls “humanity’s grand challenges.” The problems list is actually larger and scarier than the list he proposed, so we’ve updated it: Sea level rise, fish extinction, poisonous coastal “dead zones,” food shortages, peak oil, water crisis, resource wars, and poverty. Given the amount of time we have—5.3 billion scheduled to experience water shortages by 2025, and 8.1 billion set to fight over it—we don’t have time to find eight stately solutions to each of the eight grand challenges.


pages: 400 words: 88,647

Frugal Innovation: How to Do Better With Less by Jaideep Prabhu Navi Radjou

3D printing, additive manufacturing, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, barriers to entry, Baxter: Rethink Robotics, Bretton Woods, business climate, business process, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, carbon footprint, cloud computing, collaborative consumption, collaborative economy, Computer Numeric Control, connected car, corporate social responsibility, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, disruptive innovation, Elon Musk, financial exclusion, financial innovation, global supply chain, IKEA effect, income inequality, industrial robot, intangible asset, Internet of things, job satisfaction, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, late fees, Lean Startup, low cost airline, low cost carrier, M-Pesa, Mahatma Gandhi, megacity, minimum viable product, more computing power than Apollo, new economy, payday loans, peer-to-peer lending, Peter H. Diamandis: Planetary Resources, precision agriculture, race to the bottom, reshoring, risk tolerance, Ronald Coase, self-driving car, shareholder value, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, six sigma, smart grid, smart meter, software as a service, standardized shipping container, Steve Jobs, supply-chain management, TaskRabbit, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, The Nature of the Firm, transaction costs, Travis Kalanick, unbanked and underbanked, underbanked, women in the workforce, X Prize, yield management, Zipcar

Giannuzzi now wants Tarkett “to become the industry benchmark for achieving high standards in sustainability”. In 2013, it became one of the first global companies to join the “Circular Economy 100” programme. Initiated by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, this programme regroups over 100 companies committed to supporting the development of a sustainable economic growth model based on the reuse of materials and the conservation of planetary resources.1 By 2020, Tarkett aims to use 75% of renewable and recycled materials, eliminate industrial waste going to landfill, make sure that all flooring products are made from phthalate-free plasticisers and have low TVOC emissions, and double the 2010 volume of collected post-installation and post-consumer products. Tarkett’s story is remarkable for touching on so many aspects of frugal sustainability.

Today the entrepreneurial spirit of your very own employees, customers, and partners – empowered by new technologies – can literally change the world. X PRIZE has proven the value of jugaad by leveraging this bottom-up approach of “better, faster, cheaper” to the point of sending a man into space for a fraction of what NASA spends. This compelling new book, Jugaad Innovation, articulates how you can start to accomplish amazing things on a shoestring. It is a vital read.’ – Peter H. Diamandis, Founder and Chairman, X PRIZE Foundation ‘Jugaad Innovation throws cold water in the faces of CEOs, reminding them of the immense power of grassroots, do-it-yourself, cheap, quick, simple innovation. This is one of the most important lessons that emerging markets are teaching the West.’ – George F. Colony, CEO, Forrester Research ‘I’ve long argued that the role of business is to make the world a better place.