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The End of Cheap China: Economic and Cultural Trends That Will Disrupt the World by Shaun Rein
business climate, credit crunch, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, facts on the ground, glass ceiling, high net worth, illegal immigration, income per capita, indoor plumbing, job-hopping, Maui Hawaii, price stability, quantitative easing, Silicon Valley, Skype, South China Sea, Steve Jobs, thinkpad, trade route, trickle-down economics, upwardly mobile, urban planning, women in the workforce, young professional, zero-sum game
When Chinese firms complete acquisitions, not only are most foreign management structures left untouched, but their best practices are often exported to China. China is constantly seeking to improve existing operations in the home market. Take, for instance, when Chinese computer maker Lenovo acquired IBM’s ThinkPad laptop line. There were few layoffs, and Lenovo actually poached senior executives from Dell to run their operations. They did not install senior Chinese officials until the business lost market share in the domestic Chinese market and the founder of Lenovo took back the helm, much as Michael Dell did when Dell’s business faced headwinds.
Chinese firms tend to acquire companies to buy brands for introduction into China, to cut the time needed for building brands, and to import technological know-how and management expertise. Unlike Japanese firms, they are less likely to cut the senior management of acquired companies or block the advancement of executives who are not native Chinese. For instance, when Chinese computer maker Lenovo acquired the IBM ThinkPad line, it installed an American chief executive officer. The chairman of Bright Food, which has bought stakes in companies such as Australia’s Manassen, announced that they would keep senior management in place to learn from them. Similarly, when Chinese auto manufacturer Geely bought the Swedish Volvo brand, it also retained senior management and took a comparatively hands-off approach to Volvo’s operations.
Paul’s School stability in Africa, lack of China’s economic growth and Chinese government, emphasis on Chinese government security spending gender equality and housing, lack of instability, China’s reaction to renminbi appreciation and Standard & Poor Standing Committee of the Politburo Starbucks students, in China academic research and exchange, need for funding African students, China’s desire for Chinese students, descriptions of Chinese students on American way of life exams and testing, emphasis on extra training taken by foreign students in foreign students in, benefits for international support for Taiwanese support for studying abroad Chinese government support of Chinese students, rise in Chinese students’ desire for subway construction Subway sandwich shop Sudan sugar industry Suning Super Girl (TV show) Suzhou, China Suzuki, Akira T Tabor Academy Taiwan China, diplomatic problems with foreign students in vs. China Foxconn Mandarin language programs in Taobao Target tariffs on Chinese imports by U.S. on luxury goods reduction of for free trade technology companies Tele2 Telenor Tencent Terex test scores, emphasis on ThinkPad 3Leaf Systems Three Tenors concert Tianamen Square protests Tianjin, China TIME magazine Times Square Titanic (film) tourists, Chinese catering and preparing for rates of travel for spending habits of Toyota traffic problems, in China travel Chinese restrictions on Chinese tourists, rates of travel for See also studying abroad Trudeau, Garry Trump, Donald trust, building consumer Tunisia Tushna (friend) Tutsi people Twitter Chinese government blocking of Sina Weibo vs.
China's Disruptors: How Alibaba, Xiaomi, Tencent, and Other Companies Are Changing the Rules of Business by Edward Tse
3D printing, Airbnb, Airbus A320, Asian financial crisis, barriers to entry, bilateral investment treaty, business process, capital controls, commoditize, conceptual framework, corporate governance, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, currency manipulation / currency intervention, David Graeber, Deng Xiaoping, disruptive innovation, experimental economics, global supply chain, global value chain, high net worth, household responsibility system, industrial robot, Joseph Schumpeter, Lyft, money market fund, offshore financial centre, Pearl River Delta, reshoring, rising living standards, risk tolerance, Silicon Valley, Skype, Snapchat, sovereign wealth fund, special economic zone, speech recognition, Steve Jobs, thinkpad, trade route, wealth creators, working-age population
By then, with further domestic growth hampered by fierce competition with other Chinese PC makers, Yang set a new goal: making Lenovo an international force. IBM’s decision to sell its PC division gave him that chance. Overnight, the deal quadrupled Lenovo’s revenue to $12 billion and made it a global player. The company took ownership of IBM’s “Think” family, including its ThinkPad notebook brand, and bought out IBM’s interest in its joint venture with domestic rival Great Wall Technology, then China’s second-largest PC maker. Lenovo also acquired 10,000 IBM employees, some 2,300 in the United States, mostly product designers, marketers, and sales specialists, and most of the rest in China.
Now, set to operate in the red while it digests those two purchases, it has little spare money for research into new products and technologies. Moreover, although its products are found in nearly every country around the world, China remains by far its principal market—responsible for nearly 40 percent of its revenues. In the United States, for example, despite its ownership of the ThinkPad brand, its share of the PC market is only 10 percent; HP and Dell both have around 25 percent. There is no guarantee that Lenovo will be able to repeat its successful integration of IBM’s personal-computer arm with its purchases of Motorola Mobility or IBM’s server business. Still, Lenovo’s progress has been rather like China’s—subject at each point along its trajectory to much questioning and skepticism from impatient observers, and yet quite extraordinary in retrospect.
Warren, 93–94 McGrath, Rita Gunther, 99 Manganese Bronze, 133 manufacturing, 109–10 Mao Zedong, 13, 42, 51 Cultural Revolution instigated by, 4, 42, 43 Marks and Spencer, 194 media, 157–62, 213 medical research, 109 Meituan.com, 53, 191 Metallurgical Corporation, 124 MG Rover, 136–37 Mi, 68 see also Xiaomi Miasolé, 123 Microsoft, 112 middle-income trap, 213–14 Mindray Medical International, 122–23, 178 mining, 119, 163 Mitchell, James, 136 motorcycles, 47, 76, 95, 100, 178 Motorola Mobility, 127, 128, 129, 136 Nan Fung, 224 Nanjing Auto, 136 Naspers, 86, 194 National People’s Congress, 43, 81 Navarro, Peter, 9 Nestlé, 194, 196 New Citizens Movement, 170 New York Stock Exchange, 33, 52, 159, 206 Nexen, 119–20 Nike, 195 Nissan, 180 Noah Wealth Management, 12, 150, 153, 212 Nokia, 102, 112 Nortel, 102 open markets, 71, 72–77, 83, 85, 88, 97 Panda W, 205–7, 208, 225 Pan Shiyi, 48 People’s Liberation Army, 101–2 Pepsi, 180 Pew Research Center, 219 piracy, 9, 75, 199 pollution, 115, 209, 212, 217, 221 Pope, Larry, 22 pride, 41, 55, 57, 61, 123 private-equity funds, 79 Procter & Gamble, 12, 175, 177 products, updating of, 97 property rights, 81, 170 Pudong New Area, 224 Putzmeister, 130 Qihoo 360, 84, 113 Qingdao Refrigerator Factory, 4–5 see also Haier Qingqi, 76 QQ, 85, 86, 160, 185, 201 Reckitt Benckiser, 194, 196 Red Packet, 88 Red Rice smartphone, 69 Renault/Nissan, 133 Renren, 52–53 Ren Zhengfei, 11, 43–44, 54, 60, 101–3, 175, 200 Rio Tinto, 119 robots, 110 Roche Diagnostics, 155 Roewe, 137 Russia, 13, 68 doctorates in, 108 oligarchs in, 17 SAIC Motor Corp, 136–37 Samsung, 67, 68, 89, 128 Sany, 178 Sanyo Electric, 7 Schumpeter, Joseph, 163 Sehgal, Aditya, 196 Sequoia Capital, 113, 150 SF Express, 100 shared heritage, 55, 61–64 Shen, Neil, 113 Shenzhen Stock Exchange, 156 Shunwei China, 112 Siemens, 102 Silicon Graphics, 112 Silicon Valley, 18 Silk Road, 57 Sina Weibo, 69, 87–88, 161, 170, 191 Singapore, 68, 100, 155 SingPost, 100 Sino Iron mine, 124 Sinovac Biotech, 109 Sky City, 217–18, 221 Skype, 129 smartphones, 9, 11, 67–70, 75, 89, 128, 135, 139 Smithfield Foods, 22, 120 Softbank, 37, 156, 194 SOHO China, 48 Sohu, 158, 159 sourcing networks, 188 South China Morning Post, 37 South Korea, 121, 141 special economic zones, 43 Standard Chartered, 151 State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film, and Television, 219 State Council, 215 state-owned enterprises, 9–10, 13–14, 36, 40, 76, 80, 119, 137, 158, 164, 176, 179–80, 209, 213 strategy+business, 49–50 Su, Sam, 196 subsidies, 9, 163 Surprise (series), 160 Sze Man Bok, 43, 176, 177 Tabarrok, Alex, 113 Taikang Life Insurance, 45, 55, 148 Taiwan, 68, 121, 214 Taizhou, 44 Tang dynasty, 28–29, 229 Tango, 135 Tan Wanxin, 13 Taobao, 34–35, 38, 40, 184 TCL, 76, 84, 148 Tedjarati, Shane, 190, 196 telecoms, 103–4, 122, 178 television, 76, 158, 178, 219 Tencent, 11, 18, 39, 52, 60, 80, 81, 83–84, 85–88, 90, 101, 135, 136, 151, 158, 159, 161, 162, 185, 191, 201, 222, 225 founding of, 49, 85 innovation by, 94, 113 Naspers’ purchase of stake in, 86, 194 overseas listing of, 89 revenue of, 87 Tenpay system of, 36 Tenpay, 36, 87 Tesco, 180 Tetra Pak, 196 ThinkPad, 128 Third Plenum of the 18th Party Congress, 211, 214, 215 Thomas Group, 177–78 3D printing, 110–11 360 Mobile Assistant, 84 Tian, Lawrence, 147–48 Tiananmen Square, 44 Tingyi, 180 Tmall, 36, 38, 87, 184, 195, 206 Tmall Global, 195 Toyota, 133, 180 TPG Capital, 225 transport, 115 Tsai, Joe, 37 Twitter, 87, 222 United Kingdom, doctorates in, 108 United States, 18 doctorates in, 108 R&D spending in, 107 technological supremacy of, 106 urbanization, 28, 115, 214 Uyghurs, 53 Vanke, 148 Vantone Holdings, 46, 148 vehicles, 115 venture capital, 79 Vipshop, 84, 113, 206 Volkswagen, 133, 137, 179, 180 Volvo, 123, 131, 132, 133, 134, 138, 185 wage pressure, 98 Wallerstein, David, 136 Wal-Mart, 96, 194 Wanda E-Commerce, 88 Wang, Diane, 12, 57 Wang, Victor, 145–47, 167, 168–69, 171 Wang Jianlin, 48, 88, 172 Wang Jingbo, 12, 150, 152 Wang Shi, 148 Wang Wei, 147–48 Wang Xing, 52–53 Wanxiang, 130, 134, 178 Ward, Stephen, 126 water, 6, 25, 106, 188 WeChat, 18–19, 84, 87, 88, 139, 160, 185, 191, 201, 212 Wen Jiabao, 147 WhatsApp, 18–19, 191 WH Group, 21–22, 120 Wong, Jessica, 205–7, 208, 210, 214, 225 World Economic Forum, 147 World Health Organization (WHO), 114 World Trade Organization, 6, 16, 37–38, 47, 122, 222 Xiangcai Securities, 150 Xiaomi, 11, 12, 57, 67–70, 75, 77, 89, 101, 128, 139, 162, 191–92, 197, 226 innovation by, 94, 112, 113 Xiaonei, 52–53 Xi Jinping, 78, 80, 152, 160, 165, 167, 168, 170, 181, 210–11, 213, 223, 229 Xu, William, 222 Xue, Charles, 161, 170 Xu Lianjie, 12, 43, 53, 175–78, 200 Yabuli, 145, 147, 149, 166 Yahoo, 194 Yang Yuanqing, 11, 125–26, 128, 148 Yao, Frank, 205–7, 210, 214, 225 Yihaodian, 11, 89, 95–97, 194 Yinlu, 194 Yoga IdeaPad, 127 Youku Tudou, 84, 114, 158–60, 161, 162, 209, 212, 218 YouTube, 158, 218 yuan, 9 Yu’e Bao, 39, 40, 153, 212 Yu Gang, 11, 94–96, 100, 112 Yum!
Stealth of Nations by Robert Neuwirth
accounting loophole / creative accounting, big-box store, British Empire, call centre, collective bargaining, corporate governance, full employment, Hernando de Soto, illegal immigration, income inequality, independent contractor, informal economy, invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, jitney, Johannes Kepler, joint-stock company, Joseph Schumpeter, megacity, microcredit, New Urbanism, Pepto Bismol, pirate software, profit motive, Shenzhen special economic zone , Shenzhen was a fishing village, Simon Kuznets, special economic zone, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, thinkpad, upwardly mobile, Vilfredo Pareto, yellow journalism
Smugglers came to the rescue, and police have uncovered tunnels under the Sham Chun where products moved across the border with no control. Another aspect of Hong Kong–to–China smuggling involves laptop computers. Students and professionals who want good machines report that some major-brand laptops—particularly HP, Sony, and ThinkPad—sell lower-quality machines in China than are available in Hong Kong and the West. And these machines are also more expensive in the People’s Republic. For instance, ThinkPad computers, which were once part of the IBM empire and are now manufactured by the Chinese firm Lenovo, are generally one-third cheaper in the United States and Hong Kong than they are in China. This price and quality differential has made smuggling a new distribution channel.
., 12.1 Stiglitz, Joseph, 2.1, 7.1 Strand bookstore, 8.1 street markets, 1.1–1.2, 2.1, 9.1 conflict resolution in, 12.1–12.2 history of, 1.1, 2.1, 3.1–3.2, 5.1, 8.1–8.2, 12.1 see also Alaba International Market; Ikeja Computer Village; Ladipo Market; Maxwell Street Market; Oshodi; Rua 25 de Março; umbrella stands street peddling criticism of, 8.1–8.2, 10.1, 12.1–12.2 in food industry, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 3.1, 3.2, 8.1–8.2, 8.3–8.4 hardware for, 1.1, 1.2 in India, 10.1 Nigerian crackdown on, 10.1 rewards of, 1.1–1.2, 9.1 in United States, 8.1–8.2 worker exploitation in, 8.1–8.2 Street Vendor Project, 12.1 Stroessner, Alfredo, 6.1 swap meets, 8.1, 8.2 Swissinfo, 8.1 Switzerland, System D in, 8.1, 8.2 System D advancement in, 3.1–3.2 American tradition in, 8.1–8.2 banks’ relations with, 3.1, 7.1–7.2, 11.1, 12.1, 12.2–12.3 benefits of, 2.1–2.2, 8.1, 9.1, 9.2, 9.3, 9.4, 9.5–9.6 business interaction with, 1.1, 1.2–1.3, 1.4, 2.1–2.2, 2.3, 4.1, 5.1, 7.1–7.2, 8.1–8.2, 11.1–11.2, 12.1–12.2 business investment in, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3–7.4 business model in, 7.1, 9.1–9.2, 10.1, 11.1 cash basis of, 1.1, 4.1, 5.1, 7.1, 12.1, 12.2 children in, 2.1, 8.1, 12.1–12.2, 12.3 class-based bias against, 8.1–8.2 crime and, 2.1, 2.2, 12.1, 12.2, 12.3, 12.4, 12.5, 12.6, 12.7 criticism of, 1.1, 2.1, 2.2–2.3, 7.1–7.2, 8.1–8.2, 9.1–9.2, 9.3, 10.1–10.2, 10.3, 10.4–10.5, 10.6 definition of, 2.1–2.2, 2.3, 2.4 distribution chains in, 7.1–7.2, 7.3, 7.4 formalization of, 8.1, 8.2–8.3, 8.4, 8.5, 11.1–11.2, 12.1–12.2 global exchange rates’ effect on, 4.1–4.2 global trade in, 1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 2.2, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 4.1–4.2, 5.1–5.2, 5.3, 5.4–5.5, 10.1–10.2, 12.1, 12.2–12.3; see also smuggling government crackdowns on, 6.1, 10.1–10.2, 10.3–10.4, 10.5–10.6 government interaction with, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 4.1–4.2, 4.3–4.4, 5.1–5.2, 6.1, 6.2, 10.1–10.2, 11.1, 12.1, 12.2, 12.3, 12.4, 12.5, 12.6, 12.7, 12.8, 12.9–12.10, 12.11–12.12 government investment in, 12.1–12.2 government regulation of, 12.1–12.2, 12.3–12.4 growth in, 3.1–3.2, 3.3–3.4, 3.5, 3.6–3.7, 4.1, 9.1–9.2, 9.3, 9.4, 10.1–10.2, 10.3, 11.1, 12.1–12.2 ideological neutrality of, 9.1–9.2 immigrants in, 8.1, 8.2, 8.3–8.4, 8.5, 8.6–8.7 innovation and risk taking in, 10.1–10.2, 12.1 internal view of, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3–2.4 labor issues in, 4.1, 7.1, 7.2, 8.1, 8.2, 10.1–10.2, 12.1, 12.2, 12.3, 12.4–12.5, 12.6–12.7 monetary value of, 1.1, 2.1, 2.2–2.3, 3.1, 7.1, 8.1–8.2, 8.3, 12.1 organization in, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 9.1, 9.2, 10.1, 12.1, 12.2–12.3, 12.4, 12.5–12.6, 12.7, 12.8–12.9, 12.10, 12.11, 12.12 political involvement of, 2.1, 12.1, 12.2 poor workmanship in, 4.1, 4.2 postcolonial emergence of, 9.1–9.2 profitability of, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 3.1, 3.2–3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8–3.9, 3.10, 4.1–4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3–6.4, 7.1, 7.2, 8.1, 8.2–8.3, 8.4, 8.5, 9.1, 10.1–10.2, 10.3, 11.1, 12.1–12.2, 12.3, 12.4, 12.5 public services provided by, 2.1, 3.1–3.2, 9.1, 10.1 recognition of, 9.1–9.2, 12.1, 12.2–12.3 size of, 1.1, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 9.1, 12.1, 12.2, 12.3–12.4 tax evasion in, 1.1, 1.2, 4.1, 4.2–4.3, 4.4, 5.1, 6.1–6.2, 8.1, 10.1, 10.2, 12.1 tax revenue lost to, 8.1, 8.2, 12.1 2008/2009 financial crisis resilience of, 2.1–2.2 women in, 12.1 see also Ciudad del Este, Paraguay; Guangzhou, China; Lagos, Nigeria; street markets; specific industries taxation relationship to smuggling, 6.1–6.2 social contract implicit in, 4.1–4.2, 10.1–10.2 tax breaks for developers similar to System D tax avoidance, 10.1–10.2 Tech Data Worldwide, 11.1 technology Chinese retailing of, 6.1 global impact of, 9.1, 9.2 System D in spread of, 2.1, 3.1–3.2, 3.3, 9.1–9.2, 12.1 see also electronics industry Tehelka, 12.1 Tein, Michael, 12.1–12.2 Temple, Peacemaker, 3.1 terrorism, accusations of funding through System D, 12.1–12.2 Thebes, 5.1 Theory of Moral Sentiments, The (Smith), 5.1, 9.1–9.2 ThinkPad, 6.1 3+1 Group on Tri-Border Area Security, 12.1 Tijuana, Mexico, discount drug market in, 6.1–6.2 Tinubu, Bola, 10.1 Tokyo, Japan, fish market in, 12.1 Tonel Franklyn Limited, 3.1 Tonson, Jacob, 5.1–5.2 trade Aristotle’s view on, 5.1 in Muslim thought, 5.1 transportation industry, 3.1–3.2, 3.3–3.4, 4.1, 10.1–10.2, 12.1 Tsukiji market, 12.1 UAC of Nigeria, 7.1–7.2 Uche, Emanuel, 3.1 umbrella stands, 7.1, 7.2–7.3 Unger, Roberto Mangabeira, 9.1–9.2, 9.3, 12.1 Unilever, 7.1 United Citizen Peddlers’ Association, 8.1 United Independent Vendors Movement, 10.1 United Kingdom, see Great Britain United Nations’ Inter Press Service, 10.1 United Nations’ World Institute for Development Economics Research, 9.1 United States big-box retailing in, 7.1 Chinese trade with, 4.1 GDP of, 2.1 low-income consumers in, 7.1 Nigerian used car imports from, 4.1–4.2 post–World War II economic development in, 11.1–11.2 sales tax avoidance in, 8.1 small business in, 2.1, 7.1 smuggling in, 6.1–6.2, 6.3, 6.4 software piracy in, 5.1 street peddling in, 8.1–8.2, 12.1–12.2 System D in, 8.1–8.2, 8.3–8.4 terrorism allegations by, 12.1–12.2 2008/2009 financial crisis in, 8.1, 8.2 undeclared income figures for, 8.1–8.2 workforce in, 8.1 World War II profiteering in, 6.1 Univinco, 1.1, 10.1–10.2 urbanization, 3.1–3.2 Urias, Claudia, 1.1, 1.2, 9.1 Van Heusen, 8.1 Vectro, 5.1 Vicks VapoRub, 12.1 Vietnam, 4.1 visas, 4.1, 12.1–12.2 Walker, Robert, 5.1–5.2 Walker, Stanley, 8.1 Walmart, 7.1, 10.1, 10.2–10.3 war, smuggling during, 6.1–6.2 Ward, Ned, 5.1 Washington, D.C., System D income in, 8.1 watches, counterfeit, 5.1 water system, Lagos government monitoring of, 12.1 lack of municipal supply, 3.1–3.2 wealth gap, 9.1–9.2, 9.3, 12.1 Wealth of Nations, The (Smith), 1.1, 2.1, 2.2, 3.1, 4.1, 5.1, 6.1, 7.1, 8.1, 9.1, 9.2, 10.1, 11.1, 12.1 Weber, Max, 3.1 Wei, Alex, 2.1, 10.1, 11.1, 11.2, 11.3, 11.4 Wen, 4.1–4.2 Whimzies: or, a New Cast of Characters (Braithwaite), 8.1 Whole Foods, 8.1 wholesalers, 7.1 Wholesome Bakery, 8.1 Windows, 5.1 Winstanley, Gerrard, 9.1 women, 12.1 Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO), 11.1, 12.1 World Bank, 9.1 World War II, profiteering in, 6.1 XYG (Xinyi Glass), 3.1 Zara, 7.1–7.2 see also Inditex Zeltner, Louis, 8.1 Zhang, Ethan, 2.1–2.2, 4.1–4.2, 5.1–5.2 Zigas, Caleb, 8.1, 8.2 Zulehner, Carl, 5.1 ABOUT THE AUTHOR ROBERT NEUWIRTH is the author of Shadow Cities: A Billion Squatters, a New Urban World.
The Zenith Angle by Bruce Sterling
airport security, Burning Man, cuban missile crisis, digital map, glass ceiling, Grace Hopper, half of the world's population has never made a phone call, Iridium satellite, market bubble, new economy, packet switching, pirate software, profit motive, RFID, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman: Challenger O-ring, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, thinkpad, Y2K
Besides, Van had to do something practical with his money. Van was making money, and not just a lot of money. Van was the VP for Research and Development at Mondiale. Van was making a weird amount of money. The TV muttered through a headache commercial, obscuring baby Ted’s eager slurps from Dottie’s rubber spoon. Van tapped at his trusty ThinkPad and checked the titles of the 117 pieces of e-mail piled up for him behind Mondiale’s corporate firewall. With an effort, Van decided to ignore his e-mail, at least until noon. Because Dottie was home with him. Dottie was sleeping with him, and lavishing her sweet attentions on him. Dottie was cooking and cleaning and changing diapers.
Instead, he picked intently at four loose Cheerios with his thumb and forefinger. Van sensed that picking up and eating a Cheerio was a major achievement for Ted. It was the baby equivalent of an adult landing a job. Van ran his fingers through his thick sandy beard, still wet from the morning shower. He set his ThinkPad firmly aside to confront an unsteady heap of magazines. Junk-mail catalog people had gotten wind of Van’s huge paycheck. For them, a computer geek with a new house and new baby was a gold mine. Van didn’t enjoy shopping, generally. Van enjoyed mathematics, tech hardware, cool sci-fi movies, his wife’s company, and bowling.
Van scowled. “Hey, that place has the worst luck in the world.” Dottie looked puzzled and upset. Even Ted looked morose. “I mean that crowd of bad guys with the big truck bomb,” Van explained. “They tried to blow that place up once.” Dottie winced. It was not her kind of topic. Van fetched up his ThinkPad from the floor. He figured he had better surf some Web news. These local TV guys had a lousy news budget. Covertly, Van examined his e-mail. Thirty-four messages had arrived for him in the past two minutes. Van flicked through the titles. Security freaks from the cyberwar crowd. Discussion groups, Web updates.
Big Blues: The Unmaking of IBM by Paul Carroll
accounting loophole / creative accounting, full employment, John Markoff, Mitch Kapor, popular electronics, Robert Metcalfe, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, six sigma, software patent, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, thinkpad, traveling salesman
W hen it came time for IBM to announce its pen com puter in an adjoining room, Kathy Vieth, the executive making the presentation, tried to maintain the enthusiasm, but her script, vetted by the lawyers, made that hard. O ne of h er big points was that the pen com puter 324 PAUL CARROLL exemplified IB M ’s newfound willingness to throw out all the rules, so much so that this was the first product in IBM ’s history that would be known only by its name, the ThinkPad, and wouldn’t carry a product num ber. In fact, the press release did list the ThinkPad as the 2521. W hen Vieth built to what was meant to be a rousing conclusion, she delivered in h er deepest, most sincere voice the line, “W e are firmly on a path toward m eeting custom er requirem ents.” That lame line in April 1992 was the high-water mark in IBM ’s involvement with pen computing.
Through its joint venture with Apple and Motorola, IBM also began producing chips based on the RS/6000 workstation’s central processor that provide the most credible challenge in years to Intel’s dominance of the processor market. In personal computers, IBM finallv regained some credibility in laptops and notebook computers in 1993 with its ThinkPad line. In addition, IBM seemed to have finally cut costs enough to more or less match competitors and had figured out the technologv-growth pattern of the industry sufficiently to introduce new technology at about the same time as competitors. In terms of strategy, IBM also seemed to be on the right path— trying to regain control of the key processor and software technologies.
See Microsoft modems, 132, 135 1990 success of, 241-42 9370 system, 151-52 Nobel Prizes to IBMers, 340 OfficeVision software project, 225-28, 311 Opel era, 58-66 OS/2 software, 94-119, 152, 170-71, 180- 90, 193-96, 214-17, 226-27, 230, 235, 236, 23839, 259, 260-63, 277-87, 288, 331 PC development project, 21-23, 26-42, 44 PCjr, 68-70, 180, 206, 245, 247 and pen computing, 319-24 and portable computers, 70-71 and price wars in PCs, 318-19, 324, 329-35 printer business, 132-34, 303-4 Prodigy information service, 248-52 PS/1 computer, 245-48 PS/2 computer, 136-43, 246 Quality program, 243-45 rating svstem for employees, 269-70, 341-42, 360-61 research and development budget cuts, 339-45 RISC chip, 200-202, 205 RS/6000 workstation, 198-213, 342 RT PC, 205-6 SAA blueprint, 110-11, 112, 113 SCAMP computer, 22 Series 1 minicomputer, 27, 28 Selectric typewriters, 302-3 severance offers and job cuts, 159-63, 213, 222, 269-70, 277, 289, 324, 327-29, 344, 360-61, 362, 363, 364-65 software companies, investments in, 222-25, 229-30 stockholders’ losses, 365-66 stock picks bv, 223-25, 229-30 structure and scope of corporation, 20-21 summary of rise and fall, 2 -7 ThinkPad computer, 323-24 3090 mainframes, 54-55 360 mainframe, 52—53, 108 TopView software, 86, 88, 104, 105, 111 True Blue underground newsletter, 362-63 376 IBM (con/.) ValuePoint PC line, 331-35 Windows software. See Microsoft XT computers, 68, 135-36 ICL Company, 4 Imlav, John, 231 InfoWorld. 82, 88, 368 Intel Company, 34, 36, 37, 71, 72, 73, 75, 103, 111, 119,'120, 122, 124, 125-31, 143, 149, 207, 236, 317, 349, 369 80386 chip, 120-25, 129-31, 142, 146, 236 Intelligent Electronics, 247 Investors Daily, 338 Japanese companies, 5, 60, 61, 129, 132, 133, 170, 203, 207, 236, 242, 243, 253, 256, 326, 342, 343-44, 345, 348, 353-54 Javers, Ron, 302 Jobs, Steve, 4, 19, 32, 60, 78, 86-87, 148, 184-85 Johnson & Johnson, 354 Joy, Bill, 203 Kahn, Philippe, 118 Kalis, Dave, 354 Kaplan, Jerry, 319-22, 324 Kapor, Mitch, 77-79, 145, 320 Katzenbach, Nicholas, 54, 58, 154, 198 Kaypro Company, 4, 36 Keams, David, 51 Kfoury, Ed, 105-6 Khosla, Vinod, 203 Kilbv, Jack, 125, 126 Kildall, Gary, 18, 41 King, Sue, 324 Kirk, Charles, 49 Kleder, John Dean, 363-64 Kleiner Perkins, 77 Kodak Company, 5 Kowal, Charles, 365 Kuehler, Jack, 176, 183-84, 186, 198, 199, 200, 201, 206-9, 232, 234, 236, 240, 242-43, 245, 257, 259, 260-61, 262, 273, 289-92, 293295, 297, 298, 309-10, 315, 344, 346, 370 LaBant, Bob, 275, 276-77 Lally, Jim, 77-78 Lance, Bert, 54 Lautenbach, Dan, 165 Lautenbach, Ned, 165, 166, 222-25, 229 Lautenbach, Terrv, 164-66, 183, 222, 223, 273, 274, 275 Lawten, Bob, 253-56 Learson, Vin, 51, 54 LeGrande, Doug, 283-84 Letwin, Gordon, 73, 103, 186 Levenson, Marc, 342-45 Liddle, Dave, 189, 193, 310 Lillie, Ray, 359-60 Lotus Development, 142, 145, 189, 228, 240, 320 1-2-3 software, 36, 39, 77-78 Low, Paul, 344 Lowe, Bill, 2, 8, 18-19, 21-23, 26, 27, 29, 36, 79, 81-83, 84-85, 88-91, 93, 99, 104-5, 106, 111-13, 114-16, 118, 119, 121-22, 124-25, 131, 132, 135, 136-40, 142-43, 149-50, 152, 168, 171, 183, 213, 223, 227, 237 INDEX Lucente, Angelo, 166 Lucente, Ed, 132, 161-64, 166, 167-68 McCarthy, Jud, 254-55 McCracken, Bill, 330 MacDonald, James F., 1.56 McKenna, Regis, 293-94 McKinsey consulting, 351 McNealy, Scott, 203-4, 316 Management Science America, 231 Mandresh, Dan, 256 Mann, Marvin, 306, 309 Manzi, Jim, 189, 194, 240 Maples, Mike, 186-87 Markell, Bob, 94-95, 96, 114-16 Markkula, Mike, 148 Martin, Hal, 26 Martinson, Jay, 114 MCA Company, 251 Metaphor software, 189, 310 Metcalfe, Bob, 368 Micrografx Company, 279-80 Microsoft, 4, 5, 68, 71, 73, 77, 82-83, 143, 152, 203, 223, 228, 310, 312, 316, 319-20, 331, 349, 369, 370, 371.
Final Jeopardy: Man vs. Machine and the Quest to Know Everything by Stephen Baker
23andMe, AI winter, Albert Einstein, artificial general intelligence, business process, call centre, clean water, commoditize, computer age, Frank Gehry, information retrieval, Iridium satellite, Isaac Newton, job automation, pattern recognition, Ray Kurzweil, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, statistical model, theory of mind, thinkpad, Turing test, Vernor Vinge, Wall-E, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!
This deadline compelled Ferrucci and his team to assemble their machine with existing technology—the familiar silicon-based semiconductors, servers whirring through billions of calculations and following instructions from lots of software programs that already existed. In its guts, Blue J would not be so different from the ThinkPad Ferrucci lugged from one meeting to the next. Its magic would have to come from its massive scale, inspired design, and carefully tuned algorithms. In other words, if Blue J became a great Jeopardy player, it would be less a breakthrough in cognitive science than a triumph of engineering. Every computing technology Ferrucci had ever touched, from the first computer he saw at Iona to the Brutus machine that spit out story plots, had a clueless side to it.
An entire corporate identity unit at IBM specialized in naming products and services. A generation earlier, when the company still sold machines to consumers, some of the names this division dreamed up became iconic. “PC” quickly became a broad term for personal computers (at least those that weren’t made by Apple). ThinkPad was the marquee brand for top-of-the-line business laptops. And for a few decades before the PC, the Selectric, the electric typewriter with a single rotating type ball (which could “erase” typos with space-age precision) epitomized quality for anyone creating documents. With IBM’s turn toward services, the company risked losing its contact with the popular mind—and its identity as a hotbed of innovation.
CTOs at Work by Scott Donaldson, Stanley Siegel, Gary Donaldson
Amazon Web Services, Andy Carvin, bioinformatics, business intelligence, business process, call centre, centre right, cloud computing, computer vision, connected car, crowdsourcing, data acquisition, distributed generation, domain-specific language, functional programming, glass ceiling, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, pattern recognition, Pluto: dwarf planet, QR code, Richard Feynman, Ruby on Rails, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart grid, smart meter, software patent, thinkpad, web application, zero day, zero-sum game
About two days after that, I get called in to review a project to build a B2B (business to business) system based on WebSphere and Software Group products. It took 14 physical machines to build and run the “Hello World” business process. I didn't know what the right answer was, but I knew it was less than 14. When I left, it would all run on a ThinkPad. It was a big ThinkPad, but it would all run on a ThinkPad. And that was all just advice and consent, and the fact that when I gave advice and consent, my technical colleagues would hash it out and figure out how to do it; then it was game time. Let's go and let's do it. S. Donaldson: Right. Ferguson: In the entire time I was the chief architect for Software Group, I only once in four years had to say the words, “I've heard all the people, but we're going to do it this way.”
Garbage Land: On the Secret Trail of Trash by Elizabeth Royte
Cell phones have their own periodic arsenal: arsenic, antimony, beryllium, cadmium, copper, lead, nickel, and zinc. Exposure to these metals has been shown to cause abnormal brain development in children and nerve damage, endocrine disruption, and organ damage in adults. Tapping away at my keyboard was probably doing me little harm, I figured, but it wouldn’t take much for my sleek little ThinkPad to morph into a corrosive contaminant. Crushed in a landfill, it would leach metals into soil and water (remember, all landfills eventually leak); in an incinerator, it would exhale noxious fumes, including dioxins and furans, that would taint both fly and bottom ash. Everything must to go somewhere—the environmental scientist Barry Commoner said it long ago, and I understood it implicitly now.
To mail my laptop, dead router, and one printer would cost me sixty-four dollars, minus the box and packing materials. (The company puts postage-paid labels and envelopes in some printer cartridge boxes.) When I asked staffers at one of the largest computer merchants in New York City about taking back my gently used IBM ThinkPad, they said they didn’t do it, didn’t know anything about it, and had never before been asked about it. For its part, Massachusetts bans televisions and computers from landfills. Instead, it contracts with a company called ElectroniCycle, based in Gardner, Massachusetts, to process its e-waste. Harvesting material from drop-off events and retailers, ElectroniCycle recovers ten million pounds of electronics a year: technicians refurbish between 5 and 10 percent of their computers for resale; send another 5 to 10 percent to specialty repair houses; and smash the rest into fifty different categories of scrap, including plastic, copper, aluminum, barium glass, and leaded and mixed glass (which is recycled back into cathode-ray tubes).
The Future Won't Be Long by Jarett Kobek
Berlin Wall, British Empire, Donald Trump, East Village, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial independence, Golden Gate Park, means of production, Menlo Park, meta-analysis, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Jobs, thinkpad, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, urban decay, wage slave, War on Poverty, working poor, young professional
—And by their fruits ye shall know them. OCTOBER 1996 Baby Goes on a Book Tour Before I embarked upon my tour of America, I bought a new computer, an IBM ThinkPad 560 with an 800-megabyte hard drive and 100mhz Pentium processor. The total cost, tax included, was a steal at $2,300. I’d gotten a deal through a friend of Parker’s. Compared with models of similar power, the cost was exorbitant, but I’d been assured that the ThinkPad offered a durability missing from other models. —You can beat the living shit out of the thing, said Parker. Everything else is a toy. Besides, Saving Anne Frank was doing well.
MONEY Master the Game: 7 Simple Steps to Financial Freedom by Tony Robbins
3D printing, active measures, activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, addicted to oil, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, asset allocation, backtesting, Bear Stearns, bitcoin, buy and hold, clean water, cloud computing, corporate governance, corporate raider, correlation does not imply causation, Credit Default Swap, Dean Kamen, declining real wages, diversification, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, estate planning, fear of failure, fiat currency, financial independence, fixed income, forensic accounting, high net worth, index fund, Internet of things, invention of the wheel, Jeff Bezos, John Bogle, Kenneth Rogoff, lake wobegon effect, Lao Tzu, London Interbank Offered Rate, market bubble, money market fund, mortgage debt, new economy, obamacare, offshore financial centre, oil shock, optical character recognition, Own Your Own Home, passive investing, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, random walk, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Thaler, risk free rate, risk tolerance, riskless arbitrage, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, salary depends on his not understanding it, San Francisco homelessness, self-driving car, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Skype, Snapchat, sovereign wealth fund, stem cell, Steve Jobs, survivorship bias, tail risk, telerobotics, The future is already here, the rule of 72, thinkpad, transaction costs, Upton Sinclair, Vanguard fund, World Values Survey, X Prize, Yogi Berra, young professional, zero-sum game
As Ray Kurzweil explains, our genes are like software programs that can be changed to switch behaviors on and off. What does that mean? It means that we can use cells as little machines and program them to build other things—including more of themselves. “This software makes its own hardware. No matter how I program a ThinkPad, I will only have one ThinkPad tomorrow morning, not a thousand ThinkPads. But if I program a bacteria, I will have a billion bacteria tomorrow,” Juan said. It sounds insane, like something out of a movie, but—as I keep reminding myself—this isn’t science fiction. The technique is already being used to produce clothing. “All the stuff you are now wearing—that breathable, stretchable stuff like Under Armour?”
Confessions of a Wall Street Analyst: A True Story of Inside Information and Corruption in the Stock Market by Daniel Reingold, Jennifer Reingold
barriers to entry, Bear Stearns, Berlin Wall, corporate governance, estate planning, Fall of the Berlin Wall, fixed income, George Gilder, high net worth, informal economy, margin call, mass immigration, new economy, pets.com, Robert Metcalfe, rolodex, Saturday Night Live, shareholder value, short selling, Silicon Valley, stem cell, Telecommunications Act of 1996, thinkpad, traveling salesman, undersea cable
I needed some time away from the hubbub to look closely at our models, sketch out a mock report, and decide whether it was the right time for an upgrade. On Thursday morning, New Year’s Eve day, we were sitting in the living room of my parents’ home. Paula was talking to my mom, and my daughters were out on the patio reading, while I outlined an AT&T report on my parents’ old IBM ThinkPad. CNBC was blaring on the television, because my dad watched it all day every day, as so many retirees do. Suddenly reporter David Faber came on with breaking news: According to his sources, Bell Atlantic, one of the Baby Bells, was bidding for AirTouch, the wireless division of Pacific Telesis that had been spun off in an IPO in December 1993.
The kids got their first corporate jet ride, and my parents and brother got to think I was a big deal. After BEL 005 touched ground at Teterboro Airport in New Jersey, I said good-bye to Paula and the girls, and hopped into one of the waiting cars and went straight to Bell Atlantic’s headquarters at Forty-second and Sixth. En route, I pulled out the rusty ThinkPad that I had commandeered from my parents, and continued writing my AT&T upgrade. I had been thinking about it the entire week and had outlined the logic in my head. I wrote in a stream-of-consciousness manner, leaving blanks for data and tables, and e-mailed it to Megan and Ehud Gelblum, an engineer I had recently recruited from AT&T Labs.
"They Take Our Jobs!": And 20 Other Myths About Immigration by Aviva Chomsky
affirmative action, Bernie Sanders, British Empire, call centre, colonial exploitation, colonial rule, deindustrialization, Donald Trump, European colonialism, full employment, guest worker program, illegal immigration, immigration reform, informal economy, invisible hand, longitudinal study, low skilled workers, mass immigration, mass incarceration, new economy, out of africa, postindustrial economy, race to the bottom, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, structural adjustment programs, The Chicago School, thinkpad, trickle-down economics, union organizing, War on Poverty, Washington Consensus, women in the workforce
The rules of conduct are enforced with the rigor of a military academy: no walking in the street, no crossing outside the zebra stripes, no smoking, and orange vests and hard hats required everywhere. The mine’s obsessive rectitude, amid the nearly uninhabited high grassy plains and snow-capped mountains of southeastern Peru, is as anomalous as a moon colony in a science-fiction story. Engineers at Tintaya work in cubicles, each with a late-model I.B.M. ThinkPad attached to a nineteen-inch L.C.D. monitor, their whiteboards covered with dizzying graphs, parabolas, and complicated equations. It’s not surprising that Peruvians employed by the mine start to think about emigration. The New Yorker profile of one immigrant explained, “Though happy in his job, Raúl yearned for a life as orderly as the mine, for a country that funded education and parks, regulated air pollution and noise, and policed its own lawmakers.”14 From the mid-nineteenth century on, Puerto Ricans produced sugar and coffee for U.S. markets and imported U.S manufactured goods.
Come and Take It: The Gun Printer's Guide to Thinking Free by Cody Wilson
3D printing, 4chan, active measures, Airbnb, airport security, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, assortative mating, bitcoin, Chelsea Manning, disintermediation, fiat currency, Google Glasses, gun show loophole, jimmy wales, lifelogging, Mason jar, means of production, Menlo Park, Minecraft, national security letter, New Urbanism, peer-to-peer, Peter Thiel, Richard Stallman, ride hailing / ride sharing, Skype, thinkpad, WikiLeaks, working poor
The green receiver was slightly yellowed now from weeks of exposure to the light. It was smudged and abraded near the face of the grip mount. Its cleanest spaces were where the blotches of epoxy sealed over the tears in the buffer ring. It seemed covered in a thin layer of grime. I tilted the screen of my old ThinkPad to help the older photographer match the frame rates, and began to manipulate some part files in virtual space in one of the old file viewers I found. At last I told them I had to leave, and they began to pack. “Seems you could have printed anything,” one of them ventured. “So, why guns?” In another ten minutes I had left my building without apologies.
The Logician and the Engineer: How George Boole and Claude Shannon Created the Information Age by Paul J. Nahin
Alan Turing: On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem, Albert Einstein, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, Claude Shannon: information theory, conceptual framework, Edward Thorp, Fellow of the Royal Society, finite state, four colour theorem, Georg Cantor, Grace Hopper, Isaac Newton, John von Neumann, knapsack problem, New Journalism, Pierre-Simon Laplace, reversible computing, Richard Feynman, Schrödinger's Cat, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, thinkpad, Thomas Bayes, Turing machine, Turing test, V2 rocket
My 1963 machine (see note 1 again) had a clock frequency of 250 KHz (that’s right, just MHz!). A fast commercial mainframe computer of that day probably had a 3 to 5 MHz clock. The 1970s CRAY-1, one of the early supercomputers, had an 80 MHz clock. By 1998, when I wrote my first book for Princeton, my everyday word processing laptop (an IBM ThinkPad 365ED) was nearly as fast, with a 75 MHz clock. The four-year-old (in 2011) PC I am typing this book on (a Dell Dimension 5150) has a 3 GHz clock (that is, 3,000 MHz). The fastest commercial mainframe computer in 2011 (the IBM zEnterprise 196) has a 5.2 GHz clock. That’s nearly 21,000 times faster (more than fourteen doublings in speed!)
Blitzscaling: The Lightning-Fast Path to Building Massively Valuable Companies by Reid Hoffman, Chris Yeh
activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Airbnb, Amazon Web Services, autonomous vehicles, bitcoin, blockchain, Bob Noyce, business intelligence, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, cloud computing, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, database schema, discounted cash flows, Elon Musk, Firefox, forensic accounting, George Gilder, global pandemic, Google Hangouts, Google X / Alphabet X, hockey-stick growth, hydraulic fracturing, Hyperloop, inventory management, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, Joi Ito, Khan Academy, late fees, Lean Startup, Lyft, M-Pesa, Marc Andreessen, margin call, Mark Zuckerberg, minimum viable product, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Network effects, Oculus Rift, oil shale / tar sands, Paul Buchheit, Paul Graham, Peter Thiel, pre–internet, recommendation engine, ride hailing / ride sharing, Sam Altman, Sand Hill Road, Saturday Night Live, self-driving car, shareholder value, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, smart grid, social graph, software as a service, software is eating the world, speech recognition, stem cell, Steve Jobs, subscription business, Tesla Model S, thinkpad, transaction costs, transport as a service, Travis Kalanick, Uber for X, uber lyft, web application, winner-take-all economy, Y Combinator, yellow journalism
Rather than ignore the problem or try to compete directly in the PC market that it had created in 1981, Gerstner successfully repositioned IBM as a trusted system integrator and technology consultant for corporate America. The scope of IBM’s migration can be seen in two transactions: in 2002, Gerstner’s last year as CEO, IBM acquired the consulting business of PricewaterhouseCoopers, and in 2005, it sold its personal computer business (including its iconic ThinkPad brand) to a new blitzscaler from China named Lenovo (which also acquired IBM’s server business in 2014). Another powerful example can be found in how independent bookstores were able to weather the onslaught from Amazon and actually mount a comeback. No independent bookstore can possibly compete with Amazon on available selection or price.
A Life Less Throwaway: The Lost Art of Buying for Life by Tara Button
clean water, collaborative consumption, David Attenborough, delayed gratification, Downton Abbey, hedonic treadmill, Internet of things, Kickstarter, life extension, Mark Zuckerberg, Mason jar, meta-analysis, period drama, Rana Plaza, Stanford marshmallow experiment, Steve Jobs, thinkpad
If you have repeatedly dropped your phone in the sink, bath or toilet, as I have, you might want to invest in a waterproof case. Laptops Most people agree that Apple currently make the most reliable and durable laptops, but if you buy a PC laptop, go for one that’s easy to upgrade and fix. This usually means a slightly chunkier model. Lenovo’s ThinkPad for Professionals is one of the best. This is a fast-moving world, though, so look to the forums, retailers and of course the BuyMeOnce site for which brands are currently doing the best in this regard. Desktop computers If you’re buying a PC desktop, consider buying a PC tower, as it is more modular and has better longevity than laptops or all-in-one versions.
The New Geography of Jobs by Enrico Moretti
assortative mating, Bill Gates: Altair 8800, business climate, call centre, cleantech, cloud computing, corporate raider, creative destruction, desegregation, Edward Glaeser, financial innovation, global village, hiring and firing, income inequality, industrial cluster, Jane Jacobs, Jeff Bezos, Joseph Schumpeter, knowledge economy, labor-force participation, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, Mark Zuckerberg, mass immigration, medical residency, Menlo Park, new economy, peer-to-peer lending, Peter Thiel, Productivity paradox, Richard Florida, Sand Hill Road, Shenzhen special economic zone , Silicon Valley, Skype, special economic zone, Startup school, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, thinkpad, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, Wall-E, Y Combinator, zero-sum game
During the 1980s, Apple was manufacturing most of its Macs in a factory in Fremont, California. But in 1992 Apple shut down the factory and shifted production first to cheaper parts of California and Colorado, then to Ireland and Singapore. All other American companies followed the model. As James Fallows once put it, “Everyone in America has heard of Dell, Sony, Compaq, HP, Lenovo-IBM ThinkPad, Apple, NEC, Gateway, Toshiba. Almost no one has heard of Quanta, Compal, Inventec, Wistron, Asustek. Yet nearly 90 percent of laptops and notebooks sold under the famous brand names are actually made by one of these five companies in their factories in mainland China.” Paul Krugman once joked that “depressions, runaway inflation, or civil war can make a country poor, but only productivity growth can make it rich.”
Jony Ive: The Genius Behind Apple's Greatest Products by Leander Kahney
Apple II, banking crisis, British Empire, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, Computer Numeric Control, Dynabook, global supply chain, interchangeable parts, John Markoff, Jony Ive, Kickstarter, race to the bottom, RFID, Savings and loan crisis, side project, Silicon Valley, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, the built environment, thinkpad, Tim Cook: Apple
Brunner’s strategy of putting the studio off campus almost backfired, because, unaware of what he already had, Jobs went to look for a world-class designer from outside the company. He thought seriously about bringing back his old design partner, Hartmut Esslinger of Frog Design, who had been working with NeXT. He called on Richard Sapper, who did the IBM ThinkPad laptop, and, incredibly, the car designer Giorgetto Giugiaro, whose run with Apple a few years before had produced nothing. Jobs also considered the famous Italian architect and designer Ettore Sotsass, who had catapulted Olivetti to the forefront of ID in the sixties.15 Across the road, Jony Ive realized his team was in jeopardy and that he had to demonstrate to his new boss what his shop could do.
Gray Day: My Undercover Mission to Expose America's First Cyber Spy by Eric O'Neill
active measures, autonomous vehicles, Berlin Wall, bitcoin, computer age, cryptocurrency, disinformation, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Edward Snowden, Fall of the Berlin Wall, fear of failure, full text search, index card, Internet of things, Kickstarter, Mikhail Gorbachev, ransomware, rent control, Robert Hanssen: Double agent, Ronald Reagan, Skype, thinkpad, web application, white picket fence, WikiLeaks, young professional
The assistant director had his shirtsleeves rolled up and looked slightly frazzled behind the array of papers spread across his desk. He swiped a pair of wireframe glasses from his face and rubbed his eyes. “Assistant Director Dies, sir.” Gene’s voice took on a formal tone I hadn’t heard before. “This is IS O’Neill.” An open IBM ThinkPad to one side of the desk drew my envy. The model was top of the line, complete with a track pad and the little nub mouse embedded in the keyboard that everyone called an eraser. Totally out of bounds for the FBI rank and file, but entirely appropriate for a man with Dies’s pedigree. After thirty years at IBM, where he’d last served as a vice president and general manager for the company’s network and personal computer division, Dies had been about to retire when FBI Director Louis Freeh convinced him to take on what he called “the toughest job in the FBI today.”
Steve Jobs by Walter Isaacson
air freight, Albert Einstein, Apple II, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, big-box store, Bill Atkinson, Bob Noyce, Buckminster Fuller, Byte Shop, centre right, Clayton Christensen, cloud computing, commoditize, computer age, computer vision, corporate governance, death of newspapers, don't be evil, Douglas Engelbart, Dynabook, El Camino Real, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, fixed income, game design, Golden Gate Park, Hacker Ethic, hiring and firing, Jeff Bezos, Johannes Kepler, John Markoff, Jony Ive, lateral thinking, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, Mitch Kapor, Mother of all demos, Paul Terrell, profit maximization, publish or perish, Richard Feynman, Robert Metcalfe, Robert X Cringely, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, skunkworks, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, supply-chain management, thinkpad, Tim Cook: Apple, Wall-E, Whole Earth Catalog
“All they wanted from us designers was a model of what something was supposed to look like on the outside, and then engineers would make it as cheap as possible. I was about to quit.” When Jobs took over and gave his pep talk, Ive decided to stick around. But Jobs at first looked around for a world-class designer from the outside. He talked to Richard Sapper, who designed the IBM ThinkPad, and Giorgetto Giugiaro, who designed the Ferrari 250 and the Maserati Ghibli. But then he took a tour of Apple’s design studio and bonded with the affable, eager, and very earnest Ive. “We discussed approaches to forms and materials,” Ive recalled. “We were on the same wavelength. I suddenly understood why I loved the company.”
(Beatles), 412 Hemingway, Ernest, 19 Hendrix, Jimi, 280, 413 Henry V (Shakespeare), xxi Henson, Jim, 331 “Here Comes the Sun” (song), 526 Hertzfeld, Andy, xiv, 5, 103, 109, 115, 117–18, 117, 120, 141–42, 147, 152, 157, 165, 169, 170, 172, 174, 177, 178, 189, 194, 207–8, 260, 261, 265, 269, 272, 275, 277, 280, 281, 319, 354, 385, 412, 418, 474, 489, 564–65 Macintosh computer and, 113–14, 128–31, 136–37, 161, 166–67, 190–91 Hewlett, Ben, 279 Hewlett, Bill, xix, 9, 17, 25, 534–35, 552, 569 Hewlett-Packard (HP), xix, 52, 64, 93, 296, 446, 459, 515, 534, 552, 558–59, 568 DeskJet printer of, 338 Explorers Club of, 16–17, 28 first product of, 9 9100A computer of, 17 SJ as employee of, 17 Hill, Imogene “Teddy,” 13 Hinduism, 48, 57 Hoefler, Don, 10 Hoffman, Joanna, xiv, 110, 117, 121–22, 134, 156, 184–87, 217–18, 226, 235, 252, 260, 263, 272, 275 Holly, Buddy, 413 Holmes, Elizabeth, xiv, 34–35, 38–39, 41, 49, 51–52, 67, 68, 86, 88, 89, 189, 251 Holt, Rod, xiv, 74, 103, 146 Homebrew Computer Club, 60–62, 64, 70, 78, 163, 561 Horn, Bruce, 96, 114–15, 120, 174, 192 Hovey, Dean, 98 How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb (U2), 421 HTC, 512 Huey, John, 473, 478 IBM, 119, 136, 139, 149, 160, 169, 177, 294, 296, 321, 333, 334, 361, 446–47, 482, 568 Macintosh’s rivalry with, 160 IBM (cont.) NeXT and, 231–32 PC introduced by, 135 ThinkPad of, 342 iBook, 338, 373, 444, 494 iBooks Store, 503 iChat, 406, 431 iCloud, 530–34, 536, 555, 566 competition and, 533–34 MobileMe product and, 531–32, 533 SJ’s vision for, 531 unveiling of, 532–33 Idei, Nobuyuki, 395, 407 iDVD, 380, 382, 403 iFund, 502 Iger, Robert, xiv, 436–43 “I’m a Believer” (song), 413 iMac computer, 338, 340, 345, 346, 348–56, 369, 373, 390, 426, 444, 470, 474, 515, 519 casing of, 349–50 CD burner of, 382–83 CD tray debate and, 349, 351–52, 356–57, 382 concept of, 349 flat-screen technology and, 445–46 Gates’s criticism of, 355–56 handle of, 350–51 iPod and sales of, 391–92 Ive and, 350–52, 356 launch of, 354–55 microprocessor of, 349 mouse of, 353 name of, 351 prototype of, 349, 351–52 sales of, 356 specifications of, 348–49 Immelt, Jeffrey, 545 iMouse, 373 iMovie, 380, 381, 383, 403, 446, 526, 532 IMSAI 8080 (computer), 69–70 Inc., 106 Incredibles, The (film), 435 India, 37, 104 SJ influenced by, 48–49 SJ’s sojourn in, 46–48, 570 inertial scrolling, 363 InfoWorld, 229 Innovator’s Dilemma, The (Christensen), 409 Intel, 10, 76, 79, 121, 246, 294, 461, 493, 536–37, 568, 569 Apple and, 446–48 4004 chip of, 10 8080 chip of, 60, 66 in Macintosh computer, 492 Interface, 69 International Design Conference, 125–26 International Harvester, 2 International Style, 126 Internet, 300, 349, 402, 409, 545, 502 Internet Explorer, 325 Interscope-Geffen-A&M, 399, 421 Intuit, 320 Iovine, Jimmy, 399–400, 403, 411, 421, 423, 479 iPad, 78, 137, 339, 345, 346, 379, 408, 467, 511, 532, 555, 558, 562, 566 apps phenomenon and, 500–503 App Store and, 503, 505, 507 ARM architecture and, 492–93 case of, 491–92 criticism of, 494–96 display screen of, 491 Gates’s criticism of, 495 Grossman on, 495–96 launch of, 165, 493–94 Manifesto ad campaign and, 498–500 publishing industry and, 504–6 sales of, 498 tablet project and, 490–91 textbook industry and, 509–10 iPad 2, 525–27 cover of, 525–26 launch of, 526 SJ’s, 527 iPhone, 78, 137, 339, 344–45, 379, 408, 459, 460, 492, 494, 511, 512, 514, 532, 555, 562, 563, 564, 566 antenna problem and, 519–23 apps phenomenon and, 501–2, 516 design of, 472–73 features of, 469–72 glass screen of, 470–72 initial application of, 466–67 iPod and, 466–67 Ive and, 519–23 launch of, 473–75 model 4 of, 518, 541 multi-touch technology and, 467–69 onscreen keyboard of, 469 partnership and, 465–66 P1 and P2 routes of, 468–69 price of, 474 prototype of, 468 tablet computer idea and, 467–68 3G model of, 478, 489 3GS model of, 487, 522 iPhoto, 380, 532 iPod, 7, 137, 345, 378, 384–90, 394, 396, 407, 408, 440, 464, 474, 503, 514, 516, 532, 534, 562, 564, 565, 566 ad campaign for, 391–92 designing of, 387–88 development of, 384–85 digital hub concept and, 384–85 disc drive of, 384–85, 386 Fadell and, 385–89 Gates’s first view of, 393 Harmony service of, 409 headphones of, 390 iconic whiteness of, 390–91 iMac sales and, 391–92 iPhone and, 466–67 Ive and, 390–91 Mini, 409 Nano, 347, 470, 489, 519 new versions of, 409 power switch of, 389–90 price of, 392–93 sales of, 410, 469 shuffle feature of, 409–10 SJ’s selections on, 412–14 unveiling of, 392–93 user interface of, 388–89 U2 deal and, 420–22 video version of, 438–39 Windows and, 404–6 iPod Touch, 506 Italy, 185, 375 iTunes, 380, 385, 389–90, 394, 432, 446, 464, 502, 532, 534, 562 Beatles and, 419–20, 523–24 development of, 382–83 unveiling of, 383–84 Windows and, 404–6, 463 iTunes Store, 380, 407, 419, 438, 501, 503, 516, 524, 562, 564, 566 creation of, 396–97 data base of, 410 Dylan boxed set offered by, 416–18 Gates’s reaction to, 404 initial idea for, 396–97 iPod sales and, 400–401 Microsoft’s reaction to, 403–4 music industry and, 398–402 sales of, 403 success of, 410 technology-art gap and, 397–98 unveiling of, 402–3 Ive, Jonathan “Sony,” xiv, 340–52, 362, 364, 372, 387, 398, 409, 426–27, 446, 460, 461–62, 470, 472, 485, 487–88, 491, 525, 554 background of, 341 design philosophy of, 342–43 iMac and, 350–52, 356 industrial designs of, 341–42 iPhone antenna problem and, 519–23 iPod and, 390–91 minimalist aesthetic of, 444–45 on multi-touch feature, 468 patents of, 346–47, 492 SJ’s collaboration with, 340–45, 347 SJ’s relationship with, 342–43 U2 deal and, 422–23 Jacob, Oren, 436 Jagger, Jade, 180 Jagger, Mick, 180, 402, 406 Jandali, Abdulfattah “John,” xiv, 3–4, 89, 253, 256–58 Jandali, Roscille, 257–58 Janoff, Rob, 80 Janov, Arthur, 50, 51 Jarrett, Valerie, 545–46 Jasinski, Barbara, 91, 155, 250 J.
The Elements of Power: Gadgets, Guns, and the Struggle for a Sustainable Future in the Rare Metal Age by David S. Abraham
3D printing, Airbus A320, carbon footprint, clean water, cleantech, commoditize, Deng Xiaoping, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, glass ceiling, global supply chain, information retrieval, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet of things, new economy, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, reshoring, Robert Metcalfe, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, telemarketer, Tesla Model S, thinkpad, upwardly mobile, uranium enrichment, WikiLeaks, Y2K
Often, the first obstacle to recycling involves getting the product to the recycler.30 Ken Deckinger is like most Americans, except that he started several successful Internet companies. When the tech entrepreneur went to upgrade his iPhone, he had no idea his phone carrier would give him more than $200 for his old one. Previously, Deckinger just threw them in the trash along with most of his other electronic equipment, save an old MacBook and even older ThinkPad that he meant to donate. The truth is that even the most savvy tech folks do not reuse or recycle outdated electronics because they do not know where or how to do so. In 2014, a survey by EcoATM showed that only 22 percent of Americans surveyed recycled their old mobile phones or tablets. Even though most Americans believe that recycling is good for the environment, less than half would consider recycling these gadgets.
Remix: Making Art and Commerce Thrive in the Hybrid Economy by Lawrence Lessig
Amazon Web Services, Andrew Keen, Benjamin Mako Hill, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Brewster Kahle, Cass Sunstein, collaborative editing, commoditize, disintermediation, don't be evil, Erik Brynjolfsson, Internet Archive, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, Joi Ito, Kevin Kelly, Larry Wall, late fees, Mark Shuttleworth, Netflix Prize, Network effects, new economy, optical character recognition, PageRank, peer-to-peer, recommendation engine, revision control, Richard Stallman, Ronald Coase, Saturday Night Live, SETI@home, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, slashdot, Steve Jobs, The Nature of the Firm, thinkpad, transaction costs, VA Linux, yellow journalism, Yochai Benkler
As Jenkins describes: “The studio had a long-standing practice of seeking out Web sites whose domain names used copyrighted 80706 i-xxiv 001-328 r4nk.indd 206 8/12/08 1:55:46 AM H Y BRID EC O NO MIE S 207 or trademarked phrases. . . . Warner felt it had a legal obligation to police sites that emerged around their properties.”39 “Police” in this context means firing off angry letters written by entry-level lawyers who always wanted a gun, but instead were issued IBM Thinkpads. Lawver learned of these threats in December 2000. They transformed her into an activist. (Why? I asked her. “I think it just kind of came from a common sense point of view, and, also . . . I grew up in a household with three brothers, and they were all Weird Al fans. And so I was really familiar with his various battles against other artists.”) 40 Two months later, she had organized a boycott of Harry Potter products.
Joel on Software by Joel Spolsky
AltaVista, barriers to entry, c2.com, commoditize, George Gilder, index card, Jeff Bezos, knowledge worker, Metcalfe's law, Mitch Kapor, Network effects, new economy, PageRank, Paul Graham, profit motive, Robert X Cringely, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, six sigma, slashdot, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, the scientific method, thinkpad, VA Linux, web application
What Nigel really wanted to say was, "I have no bloody idea whatsoever how to manage this project and hopefully if I just keep coding like I did before I was put in charge, somehow everything will work itself out." It didn't, of course, which goes quite a long way to explaining exactly why Nigel was bungee-jumping with an IBM ThinkPad on that fateful day. Anyway, Nigel has really made a surprising recovery, considering, and is now working as the CTO of a small company he started with his bungee buddies, WhatTimeIsIt.com, and he's only got six months to deliver an entirely new system from scratch, and he can't fake it any more either.
Creative Intelligence: Harnessing the Power to Create, Connect, and Inspire by Bruce Nussbaum
3D printing, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, Black Swan, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, clean water, collapse of Lehman Brothers, creative destruction, Credit Default Swap, crony capitalism, crowdsourcing, Danny Hillis, declining real wages, demographic dividend, disruptive innovation, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, Fall of the Berlin Wall, follow your passion, game design, housing crisis, Hyman Minsky, industrial robot, invisible hand, James Dyson, Jane Jacobs, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, John Gruber, John Markoff, Joseph Schumpeter, Kickstarter, lone genius, longitudinal study, manufacturing employment, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Martin Wolf, new economy, Paul Graham, Peter Thiel, QR code, race to the bottom, reshoring, Richard Florida, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Silicon Valley startup, six sigma, Skype, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, supply-chain management, Tesla Model S, The Chicago School, The Design of Experiments, the High Line, The Myth of the Rational Market, thinkpad, Tim Cook: Apple, too big to fail, tulip mania, We are the 99%, Y Combinator, young professional, Zipcar
The knowledge gained allowed Lenovo to push back its foreign rivals and increase market share in the Chinese market. In 2012, Lenovo had about 30 percent of the Chinese PC market, ahead of Acer, Dell, HP, and Asustek. ZIBA’s immersion in the Chinese market was also important in Lenovo’s decision to purchase IBM’s ThinkPad division in 2005, bringing it neck and neck with HP in the world PC market. Immersion is the kind of Knowledge Mining that we are most familiar with. As students, we immersed ourselves in history and literature and science in order to understand them. But rarely do we view immersion as a creative competence.
Dreaming in Code: Two Dozen Programmers, Three Years, 4,732 Bugs, and One Quest for Transcendent Software by Scott Rosenberg
A Pattern Language, Benevolent Dictator For Life (BDFL), Berlin Wall, Bill Atkinson, c2.com, call centre, collaborative editing, conceptual framework, continuous integration, Donald Knuth, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Hofstadter, Dynabook, en.wikipedia.org, Firefox, Ford paid five dollars a day, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, functional programming, George Santayana, Grace Hopper, Guido van Rossum, Gödel, Escher, Bach, Howard Rheingold, HyperCard, index card, Internet Archive, inventory management, Jaron Lanier, John Markoff, John von Neumann, knowledge worker, Larry Wall, life extension, Loma Prieta earthquake, Menlo Park, Merlin Mann, Mitch Kapor, new economy, Nicholas Carr, Norbert Wiener, pattern recognition, Paul Graham, Potemkin village, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Stallman, Ronald Reagan, Ruby on Rails, semantic web, side project, Silicon Valley, Singularitarianism, slashdot, software studies, source of truth, South of Market, San Francisco, speech recognition, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, Therac-25, thinkpad, Turing test, VA Linux, Vannevar Bush, Vernor Vinge, web application, Whole Earth Catalog, Y2K
“Sometimes,” Anderson offers philosophically, “you just wake up in the morning, an idea pops into your head, and it’s done—like that.” Mitchell Kapor has been sitting quietly during the exchange. Kapor is the founder and funder of the Open Source Applications Foundation, and Chandler is his baby. Now he looks up from his black Thinkpad. “Would it be useful to identify issues that have this treasure-hunt aspect? Is there a certain class of task that has this uncertainty?” “Within the first hour of working on the bug,” Burgess volunteers, “you know which it’s going to be.” So it is agreed: Bugs that have a black hole–like quality—bugs that you couldn’t even begin to say for sure how long they would take to fix—would be tagged in Bugzilla with a special warning label.
Evicted: Poverty and Profit in the American City by Matthew Desmond
affirmative action, Cass Sunstein, crack epidemic, Credit Default Swap, deindustrialization, desegregation, dumpster diving, ending welfare as we know it, fixed income, ghettoisation, glass ceiling, Gunnar Myrdal, housing crisis, informal economy, Jane Jacobs, jobless men, Kickstarter, late fees, mass incarceration, New Urbanism, payday loans, price discrimination, profit motive, rent control, statistical model, superstar cities, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, thinkpad, upwardly mobile, working poor, young professional
From 2009 to 2011, roughly 1,100 tenants were interviewed in their homes by professional interviewers trained and supervised by the University of Wisconsin Survey Center, which reported to me. To facilitate estimates generalizable to Milwaukee’s entire rental population, households from across the city were interviewed. Clipboards and portable Lenovo ThinkPad computers in hand, interviewers ventured into some of the city’s worst neighborhoods. One was bitten by a dog and, later, mugged. Thanks to the heroic efforts of the Survey Center, MARS had an extraordinarily high response rate for a survey of such a highly mobile and poor population (84 percent).
Women Leaders at Work: Untold Tales of Women Achieving Their Ambitions by Elizabeth Ghaffari
Albert Einstein, AltaVista, Bear Stearns, business cycle, business process, cloud computing, Columbine, compensation consultant, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, dark matter, family office, Fellow of the Royal Society, financial independence, follow your passion, glass ceiling, Grace Hopper, high net worth, knowledge worker, Long Term Capital Management, longitudinal study, performance metric, pink-collar, profit maximization, profit motive, recommendation engine, Ronald Reagan, Savings and loan crisis, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, thinkpad, trickle-down economics, urban planning, women in the workforce, young professional
That role requires working with both operations and the business to understand what the corporate strategy is and how we will implement the IT systems and the business processes supported by the IT systems. When I moved into that role, our corporate strategy was evolving quite a bit. IBM had divested itself of commodity products, such as the ThinkPads and PCs, in order to move forward. We acquired a lot more software companies. We'd bought PricewaterhouseCooper's Consulting, which took us into a whole new services business. There was a genuine need to make changes to our business processes to be able to support that new corporate strategy. So my role, first, was to help our senior executives understand our current limitations and why we needed to make a change.
Track Changes by Matthew G. Kirschenbaum
active measures, Apple II, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, Bill Gates: Altair 8800, Buckminster Fuller, commoditize, computer age, corporate governance, David Brooks, dematerialisation, Donald Knuth, Douglas Hofstadter, Dynabook, East Village, en.wikipedia.org, feminist movement, forensic accounting, future of work, Google Earth, Gödel, Escher, Bach, Haight Ashbury, HyperCard, Jason Scott: textfiles.com, Joan Didion, John Markoff, John von Neumann, Kickstarter, low earth orbit, mail merge, Marshall McLuhan, Mother of all demos, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, pattern recognition, pink-collar, popular electronics, RAND corporation, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, Shoshana Zuboff, Silicon Valley, social web, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, technoutopianism, Ted Nelson, text mining, thinkpad, Turing complete, Vannevar Bush, Whole Earth Catalog, Y2K, Year of Magical Thinking
“The word processor program moves blocks of type around (any size); writes over a line that isn’t perfect, leaving no trace; erases words or lines or paragraphs in a second or two; and when I’m ready it prints as pretty a manuscript as you ever saw, with justified margins and no visible corrections.”37 The prolific fantasist Piers Anthony switched to a computer in 1985 only after his wife, a computer engineer, convinced him that the keyboard could be reprogrammed to re-create the custom Dvorak layout he insisted on using with his manual typewriter.38 Then there is Jorie Graham: “I still use it like a fancy typewriter.”39 José Saramago: “What I do on the computer is exactly what I would do on the typewriter if I still had it, the only difference being that it is cleaner, more comfortable, and faster. Everything is better.”40 Amos Oz: “The word processor is, for me, nothing but a typewriter, only you don’t have to use Typex to erase or correct a mistake.”41 Joan Didion, commenting on the IBM Thinkpad she was using at the time of a 1996 interview, likewise stated, “I just use it like a typewriter.” But she immediately complicates her own response, adding, “Before I started working on a computer, writing a piece would be like making something up every day, taking the material and never quite knowing where you were going to go next with the material.
Aerotropolis by John D. Kasarda, Greg Lindsay
3D printing, air freight, airline deregulation, airport security, Akira Okazaki, Asian financial crisis, back-to-the-land, barriers to entry, Bear Stearns, Berlin Wall, big-box store, blood diamonds, borderless world, Boris Johnson, British Empire, business cycle, call centre, carbon footprint, Cesare Marchetti: Marchetti’s constant, Charles Lindbergh, Clayton Christensen, cleantech, cognitive dissonance, commoditize, conceptual framework, credit crunch, David Brooks, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, Deng Xiaoping, deskilling, digital map, disruptive innovation, edge city, Edward Glaeser, failed state, food miles, Ford paid five dollars a day, Frank Gehry, fudge factor, full employment, future of work, Geoffrey West, Santa Fe Institute, George Gilder, global supply chain, global village, gravity well, Haber-Bosch Process, Hernando de Soto, hive mind, if you build it, they will come, illegal immigration, inflight wifi, intangible asset, interchangeable parts, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), intermodal, invention of the telephone, inventory management, invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, Jeff Bezos, Joan Didion, Kangaroo Route, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, kremlinology, low cost airline, Marchetti’s constant, Marshall McLuhan, Masdar, mass immigration, McMansion, megacity, Menlo Park, microcredit, Network effects, New Economic Geography, new economy, New Urbanism, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, peak oil, Pearl River Delta, Peter Calthorpe, Peter Thiel, pets.com, pink-collar, pre–internet, RFID, Richard Florida, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, Rubik’s Cube, savings glut, Seaside, Florida, Shenzhen special economic zone , Shenzhen was a fishing village, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, smart cities, smart grid, South China Sea, South Sea Bubble, sovereign wealth fund, special economic zone, spice trade, spinning jenny, starchitect, stem cell, Steve Jobs, sunk-cost fallacy, supply-chain management, sustainable-tourism, telepresence, the built environment, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Nature of the Firm, thinkpad, Thomas L Friedman, Thomas Malthus, Tony Hsieh, trade route, transcontinental railway, transit-oriented development, traveling salesman, trickle-down economics, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, white picket fence, Yogi Berra, zero-sum game
A few years later, IBM arrived with the first group of some eleven thousand employees. Monsanto, GlaxoSmithKline, and dozens of other companies followed, sloughing off pieces of themselves to Tobacco Road, a five-hour drive from Washington, six hours from Atlanta, but only an hour’s flight from Manhattan. When Lenovo bought IBM’s ThinkPad line six years ago, it moved its headquarters there from China. The CEO’s office is exactly three minutes from the airport (I’ve timed it), and needs to be, considering how often he flies to Singapore and Beijing. “Despite all the talk of the service economy, of health care and software as our national industries, ours is still a goods economy,” Kasarda once explained to me.
Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques: Concepts and Techniques by Jiawei Han, Micheline Kamber, Jian Pei
backpropagation, bioinformatics, business intelligence, business process, Claude Shannon: information theory, cloud computing, computer vision, correlation coefficient, cyber-physical system, database schema, discrete time, disinformation, distributed generation, finite state, information retrieval, iterative process, knowledge worker, linked data, natural language processing, Netflix Prize, Occam's razor, pattern recognition, performance metric, phenotype, random walk, recommendation engine, RFID, semantic web, sentiment analysis, speech recognition, statistical model, stochastic process, supply-chain management, text mining, thinkpad, Thomas Bayes, web application
Table 7.1 Task-Relevant Data, D TIDItems Purchased T100 Apple 17″ MacBook Pro Notebook, HP Photosmart Pro b9180 T200 Microsoft Office Professional 2010, MicrosoftWireless Optical Mouse 5000 T300 Logitech VX Nano Cordless Laser Mouse, Fellowes GEL Wrist Rest T400 Dell Studio XPS 16 Notebook, Canon PowerShot SD1400 T500 Lenovo ThinkPad X200 Tablet PC, Symantec Norton Antivirus 2010 … … Figure 7.2 Concept hierarchy for AllElectronics computer items. Figure 7.2's concept hierarchy has five levels, respectively referred to as levels 0 through 4, starting with level 0 at the root node for all (the most general abstraction level).