yellow journalism

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pages: 692 words: 127,032

Fool Me Twice: Fighting the Assault on Science in America by Shawn Lawrence Otto

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, anthropic principle, Berlin Wall, Brownian motion, carbon footprint, Cepheid variable, clean water, Climategate, Climatic Research Unit, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, commoditize, cosmological constant, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, Dean Kamen, desegregation, different worldview, double helix, energy security, Exxon Valdez, fudge factor, ghettoisation, global pandemic, Harlow Shapley and Heber Curtis, Harvard Computers: women astronomers, informal economy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Louis Pasteur, mutually assured destruction, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, shareholder value, sharing economy, smart grid, Solar eclipse in 1919, stem cell, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, transaction costs, University of East Anglia, War on Poverty, white flight, Winter of Discontent, working poor, yellow journalism, zero-sum game

It required those who held licenses to broadcast over the public airwaves to present programs on controversial issues of public importance and to present them in a way that was (in the FCC’s view) honest, equitable, and balanced. After the policy was abolished, Congress recognized that there was danger here and tried to codify the doctrine into law, but President Reagan vetoed the legislation. As a result, broadcasters were unburdened from the requirement to present balanced news coverage, and the age of yellow journalism was reborn. Chief among the early gainers were angry and opinionated baby-boomer talk jocks like Rush Limbaugh, who began engaging in political rants that charged up listeners’ amygdalae with outrage in a sort of pro wrestling of politics, attacking examples and perpetrators of the pet peeves of cultural conservatives, driving audience numbers sky-high. It was as if the National Enquirer and Star magazine had bought up the nation’s broadcast media.

But putting news stories behind a pay wall destroyed their linkability and so eliminated them from the burgeoning national dialogue occurring on the Internet. To save money, newspapers began by cutting expensive endeavors like investigative reporting and specialty divisions like science. Thus, an important faculty of the nation—its ability for broad critical self-assessment and data-based reflection—was suddenly eliminated. As newspapers were grappling with obsolescence, yellow journalism spread from AM talk radio into TV with the advent of cable news. This trifecta combined to devalue the factual reporting and reason that once kept the country balanced, supplanting it with the battling opinion warlords of the new media. Having trained at postmodernist universities, many emerging leaders in journalism didn’t recognize this as a problem. It wasn’t their role to discern the reality of things, they believed.

Seuss), 101–2 Lubchenco, Jane, 200, 255 Luna 2, 94 Luther, Martin, 39, 42 Lysenko, Trofim, 220, 314 M Mainstream culture, 88–90, 92–93, 99 Manhattan Project, 76–82, 94, 310 Mann, Michael, 198–99, 201–3, 204–6, 210, 213–15, 217, 238–39, 280 Mao Zedong, 220, 285–86 Marketplace of ideas, myth of, 146–48, 291, 302, 312 Marketplace of opinions, 302 May, Robert, 261 McCain, John, 8–9, 18–20, 224 McCarthy, James, 206 McCarthy, Jenny, 153 McClellan, Scott, 16 McConnell, Mitch, 224 McKee, Robert, 151, 178, 315–16 McKinley, William, 60 McNutt, Marcia, 150–51, 200, 250–51 McPherson, Aimee Semple, 63–65, 71, 166 Media antivaccine movement and, 178–79 “both sides of the story” approach and, 10–12 Buchanan’s presidential campaign and, 133–34 cable news and, 150, 208–9 churnalism and, 195, 203–5 climate change and, 194–95, 203–5 cost-cutting in, 13 Einstein and, 62 free online news and, 150–51 Jefferson and, 34 market-driven model of, 146–48 objectivity and, loss of, 10–12, 144–45 religion and, 12 science and, 10–12, 132–34 “Transgressing the Boundaries” hoax and, 130 yellow journalism and, 150–51 Medicine, 164–65 Microwave health risks, 141–42 Military advances, 74–82 Military-industrial complex, 90, 92, 99 Miller, Stanley, 106 Millikan, Robert A., 60 Milton, John, 41 Mind-body division, 43 Minnesota, 213, 240 Mohamed, Abdirahman, 154 Monckton, Lord Christopher, 3, 200, 308 Monsoons, 232 Mooney, Chris, 180–81 Morality, 295–96. See also Ethics “Moral values,” 173–74 Moreno, Jonathan, 262 Morning-after pill, 17 Mount Pinatubo eruption (1991), 228 Moyle, John B., 219 Munro, Geoffrey, 290–91 Myers, Paul Zachary, 180–84 Myhrvold, Nathan, 230–32 N National Academy of Sciences, 105–6 National Defense Education Act (1958), 83–84, 95 National Defense Research Committee (NDRC), 75 National Interstate and Defense Highways Act (1956), 82, 95 Natural disasters, 264–65 Natural laws, 38–41, 298–99 Natural public capital, 258, 265 Natural resources, 256–57 Natural selection, 167–68 Nazism, 73–74, 113 NDRC, 75 Needham, Joseph, 285–86 “Neighborhood effects,” 253 Neoconservative movement, 132–34 Neuroscience, 117–18 New Age movement, 134–38 Newton, Isaac, 46–47, 49, 52, 117 Nietzsche, Friedrich, 113, 135 Nisbet, Matthew, 176–78, 180–83, 207–8 Nonengagement of science, 8–9 Noyes, Alfred, 308–9 Nuclear attack drills and measures, 80–82, 84–85 Nunavut communities, 193–94 O Obama, Barack, 8, 18–21, 199–200, 292 Objectivity, 10–12, 122–24, 126–28, 130, 138, 144–45 Observation, 26, 30, 117, 119, 133, 169 Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization (OCDM) pamphlets, 84 Olson, Randy, 289 Online news, free, 150–51 Opinion dynamics, 181–82 Oppenheimer, J.


pages: 363 words: 123,076

The Gang That Wouldn't Write Straight: Wolfe, Thompson, Didion, Capote, and the New Journalism Revolution by Marc Weingarten

1960s counterculture, Bonfire of the Vanities, British Empire, citizen journalism, cognitive dissonance, Donner party, East Village, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Haight Ashbury, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, Joan Didion, Kickstarter, Menlo Park, New Journalism, non-fiction novel, Norman Mailer, post-work, pre–internet, rent control, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Stewart Brand, upwardly mobile, working poor, yellow journalism

He might not have personally cared about the relative merits of The New Yorker, but he recognized a hot story when he saw one. Four days before the first installment hit the streets, Bellows messengered two copies of Wolfe’s piece to Shawn at The New Yorker’s offices with a card that read “With my compliments.” What the Tribune received in return for this gesture of good faith was a salvo. Shawn was incensed by this poisonous yellow journalism. He reeled off a letter to the Tribune’s owner, Jock Whitney, calling the piece “murderous” and “certainly libelous,” and urged the Trib’s distinguished publisher to literally stop the presses and pull the piece from the Sunday supplement. If the paper’s legal department did in fact have reason to believe that the story was legally actionable, Whitney would have to give serious thought to killing the story.

If an audience existed for well-ordered news stories written in a measured style, there was no need for a reporter to get his or her hands dirty in the muck of idle gossip and circulation-boosting stunts. By 1921, the New York Times, with a circulation of three hundred thousand (five hundred thousand for the Sunday edition), had proven that serious journalism could engage readers as effectively as yellow journalism. But the lure of the gutter is eternal. In the late nineteenth century, William Randolph Hearst’s New York Journal had supplanted Pulitzer’s World as the foremost purveyor of populist reporting, with a staff that had been poached largely from the World itself. Although the Journal’s overheated tone presaged the shrillness of supermarket tabloids, Hearst was not averse to hiring good writers who could leaven the junk with substance.

., ed Running Against the Machine, A Grass Roots Race for the New York Mayoralty (Doubleday, Garden City, N.Y 1969). Mellow, James R. Hemingway: A Life Without Consequences (Houghton Mifflin, Boston 1992). Mills, Hilary. Mailer: A Biography (Empire Books, New York 1982). Morgan, Thomas B. (Self Creations: 13 Impersonalities Holt, (Rinehart and Winston, New York 1965). Morris, James McGrath. The Rose Man of Sing Sing: A True Tale of Life, Murder, and Redemption in the Age of Yellow Journalism (Fordham University Press, New York 2003). Morris, Willie. New York Days (Little, Brown, Boston 1993). Mott, Franklin Luther. American Journalism: A History, 1690–1960 (Macmillan, New York 1962). Orwell, George. Down and Out in Paris and London (Secker & Warburg, London 1986). Perry, Paul. Fear and Loathing: The Strange and Terrible Saga of Hunter S. Thompson (Thunder’s Mouth Press, New York 1992).


pages: 290 words: 73,000

Algorithms of Oppression: How Search Engines Reinforce Racism by Safiya Umoja Noble

A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, affirmative action, Airbnb, borderless world, cloud computing, conceptual framework, crowdsourcing, desegregation, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, Filter Bubble, Firefox, Google Earth, Google Glasses, housing crisis, illegal immigration, immigration reform, information retrieval, Internet Archive, Jaron Lanier, Mitch Kapor, Naomi Klein, new economy, PageRank, performance metric, phenotype, profit motive, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Snapchat, Tim Cook: Apple, union organizing, women in the workforce, yellow journalism

They include decision-making protocols that favor corporate elites and the powerful, and they are implicated in global economic and social inequality. Deep machine learning, which is using algorithms to replicate human thinking, is predicated on specific values from specific kinds of people—namely, the most powerful institutions in society and those who control them. Diana Ascher,11 in her dissertation on yellow journalism and cultural time orientation in the Department of Information Studies at UCLA, found there was a stark difference between headlines generated by social media managers from the LA Times and those provided by automated, algorithmically driven software, which generated severe backlash on Twitter. In this case, Ascher found that automated tweets in news media were more likely to be racist and misrepresentative, as in the case of police shooting victim Keith Lamont Scott of Charlotte, North Carolina, whose murder triggered nationwide protests of police brutality and excessive force.

ADL Praises Google for Responding to Concerns about Rankings of Hate Sites. Retrieved from www.adl.org. Apuzzo, M. (2015, July 22). Dylann Roof, Charleston Shooting Suspect, Is Indicted on Federal Hate Crimes. New York Times. Retrieved from www.nytimes.com. Arreola, V. (2010, October 13). Latinas: We’re So Hot We Broke Google. Ms. Magazine Blog. Retrieved from www.msmagazine.com. Ascher, D. (2017). The New Yellow Journalism. Ph.D. diss., University of California, Los Angeles. Associated Press. (2013, January 16). Calif. Teacher with Past in Porn Loses Appeal. USA Today. Retrieved from www.usatoday.com. Associated Press v. United States. (1945). 326 U.S. 1, US Supreme Court. Bagdikian, B. (1983). The Media Monopoly. Boston: Beacon. Bar-Ilan, J. (2007). Google Bombing from a Time Perspective. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12(3), article 8.


pages: 316 words: 91,969

Gray Lady Down: What the Decline and Fall of the New York Times Means for America by William McGowan

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, corporate governance, David Brooks, different worldview, East Village, friendly fire, haute couture, illegal immigration, immigration reform, liberation theology, medical residency, New Journalism, obamacare, payday loans, postnationalism / post nation state, pre–internet, uranium enrichment, yellow journalism, young professional

Fenton’s account, including her claim that she had lived in Biloxi.” An accompanying article, also written by Confessore, admitted that “The Times did not verify many aspects of Ms. Fenton’s claims, never interviewed her children, and did not confirm the identity of the man she described as her husband.” Her children were not even in her custody; they had either been placed in foster care or adopted. The shoddy, sometimes yellow journalism in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina was just a warm-up for the unseemly haste in declaring lacrosse players at Duke University guilty of a heinous rape, which in the Times’ script reflected a pattern of white supremacy deeply embedded in American culture. In reality, it was another fraud. The reporting on the case stands as the most unjust example of an obsession with race and an insistence on spotlighting racism as the quintessential American evil.

Massing was told by a “senior editor” at the Times that this was because “some reporters at the paper had relied heavily on Chalabi as a source and so were not going to write too critically about him.” Massing’s piece opened the floodgates to frustration with the Times and fed into a growing leftist campaign to accuse the media of “selling a war to the American public based on lies,” as Arianna Huffington would later write. Some went so far as to accuse the Times of having disinterred the yellow journalism of the Hearst press during the run-up to the Spanish-American War. And most fingers pointed directly at Judy Miller. In New York magazine, Kurt Andersen explained that “because her vivid, terrifying pieces appeared in the liberal Times, she arguably bears more responsibility than any other American outside government for nudging public opinion in favor of war.” Bill Keller said that, in hindsight, he wished he had dealt with the controversy over WMD reporting as soon as he took over in June 2003.


pages: 581 words: 162,518

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights by Adam Winkler

1960s counterculture, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, anti-communist, Bernie Sanders, British Empire, Cass Sunstein, clean water, collective bargaining, corporate governance, corporate personhood, corporate social responsibility, desegregation, Donald Trump, financial innovation, glass ceiling, income inequality, invisible hand, joint-stock company, laissez-faire capitalism, land reform, obamacare, offshore financial centre, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Powell Memorandum, profit maximization, profit motive, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, refrigerator car, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, shareholder value, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, South Sea Bubble, the scientific method, too big to fail, trade route, transcontinental railway, Unsafe at Any Speed, Upton Sinclair, yellow journalism

In January of 1905, he threw a coming out costume party for his niece at the swank Sherry’s Hotel on Fifth Avenue. While most newspapers gushed over the outré decorations and glamorous celebrities on the guest list, Joseph Pulitzer’s New York World turned its readers’ attention to the cost of the party. Who, the World asked, had paid the estimated $200,000 (or approximately $5 million in 2017 dollars) to host this ball?4 Pulitzer, the Hungarian-born newspaper publisher who perfected the art of yellow journalism, often ran eye-catching headlines atop reports of supposed scandals that, in the end, had little truth to them. His insurance stories, however, had substance. Tipped off by one of Hyde’s opponents in an ongoing battle for control of the insurance giant, Pulitzer claimed the bill for the costume party had been paid for by the insurance company. Throughout the spring and summer of 1905, Pulitzer’s papers relentlessly went after Hyde and his company, publishing stories daily under the banner “Equitable Corruption.”

Minnesota involved a Minnesota law that allowed the shuttering of newspapers that created a “public nuisance” by distributing “malicious, scandalous and defamatory” material. The law was designed to silence one man in particular, Jay M. Near, and his sleazy scandal rag, The Saturday Press. Described as “anti-Catholic, anti-Semitic, anti-black, and anti-labor,” Near was a constant thorn in the side of Minneapolis politicians. His vulgar brand of yellow journalism accused them of incompetence, graft, conspiracy, and just about every other crime, rarely backed by a scintilla of evidence. The politicians repaid the favor and attempted to use the public nuisance law to permanently stop the publication of his paper. Near claimed the law infringed his First Amendment press rights as an unconstitutional prior restraint on speech.18 Near was not styled a corporate rights case.

A Study in Politics and Race Relations (Collins), 158 witnesses, 24, 164 women’s rights, xv, xvi, xvii, xviii, xxiv, 17, 23–24, 35, 64, 73, 314, 318, 320, 322, 350, 358, 360, 376, 379–82, 395 women’s suffrage, 320 Woods, William Burnham, 132, 152, 154 Woodward, William H., 77 working class, 198, 213–14, 385 working hours, 164, 180–81, 185, 320 workplace safety laws, 49, 99, 164 World War I, 232, 238, 239, 246 World War II, 281, 300, 331, 367 writs of attachment, 250 Yale, Elihu, 26, 382 Yale College, 4, 26 Yale Law Journal, 135 Yale Law School, 382–89, 384 Yale University, 318 yellow fever, 126–27 yellow journalism, 194–95, 241–42 yeoman farmers, 40 You Are There (TV show), 279 Zuccotti Park, 374–75 ABOUT THE AUTHOR ADAM WINKLER is a professor at the University of California, Los Angeles School of Law. His scholarship has been cited by the Supreme Court of the United States on the constitutional rights of corporations and on the Second Amendment. His writing has appeared in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, New Republic, Atlantic, Slate, and SCOTUSblog.


pages: 145 words: 41,453

You Are What You Read by Jodie Jackson

delayed gratification, Filter Bubble, framing effect, Hans Rosling, Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, New Journalism, race to the bottom, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, yellow journalism

However, as these luxuries were normalised and grew in abundance – with more channels on cable TV and more printed press, including weekly magazines – the increased competition saw news audiences shrink. The news industry responded by cutting costs and changing their products to compete with the entertainment preferences of the consumer. Stories became jacked up with crime, scandal, celebrities and ‘scientific breakthroughs’. This kind of reporting was termed ‘yellow journalism’ in the 1990s, characterised by its exaggerated, sensationalised and poorly researched content. One newspaper historian describes it as a ‘shrieking, gaudy, sensation-loving, devil-may-care kind of [reporting that] lured the reader by any possible means’.23 News used to be published less frequently when something truly important happened, something that was of national or international concern.


pages: 561 words: 157,589

WTF?: What's the Future and Why It's Up to Us by Tim O'Reilly

4chan, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, Alvin Roth, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Amazon Web Services, artificial general intelligence, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, basic income, Bernie Madoff, Bernie Sanders, Bill Joy: nanobots, bitcoin, blockchain, Bretton Woods, Brewster Kahle, British Empire, business process, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Captain Sullenberger Hudson, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, Clayton Christensen, clean water, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, collateralized debt obligation, commoditize, computer vision, corporate governance, corporate raider, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, Danny Hillis, data acquisition, deskilling, DevOps, Donald Davies, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Erik Brynjolfsson, Filter Bubble, Firefox, Flash crash, full employment, future of work, George Akerlof, gig economy, glass ceiling, Google Glasses, Gordon Gekko, gravity well, greed is good, Guido van Rossum, High speed trading, hiring and firing, Home mortgage interest deduction, Hyperloop, income inequality, index fund, informal economy, information asymmetry, Internet Archive, Internet of things, invention of movable type, invisible hand, iterative process, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, jitney, job automation, job satisfaction, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, Kevin Kelly, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, Kodak vs Instagram, Lao Tzu, Larry Wall, Lean Startup, Leonard Kleinrock, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, market fundamentalism, Marshall McLuhan, McMansion, microbiome, microservices, minimum viable product, mortgage tax deduction, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Network effects, new economy, Nicholas Carr, obamacare, Oculus Rift, packet switching, PageRank, pattern recognition, Paul Buchheit, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer model, Ponzi scheme, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, randomized controlled trial, RFC: Request For Comment, Richard Feynman, Richard Stallman, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Gordon, Robert Metcalfe, Ronald Coase, Sam Altman, school choice, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, self-driving car, SETI@home, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, skunkworks, Skype, smart contracts, Snapchat, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, social web, software as a service, software patent, spectrum auction, speech recognition, Stephen Hawking, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, strong AI, TaskRabbit, telepresence, the built environment, The Future of Employment, the map is not the territory, The Nature of the Firm, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Davenport, transaction costs, transcontinental railway, transportation-network company, Travis Kalanick, trickle-down economics, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, ubercab, universal basic income, US Airways Flight 1549, VA Linux, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, We are the 99%, web application, Whole Earth Catalog, winner-take-all economy, women in the workforce, Y Combinator, yellow journalism, zero-sum game, Zipcar

Jonathan Albright, a communications professor who analyzed a network of 300 news sites that were promulgating fake news during the 2016 election, made the same point about programmatic microtargeting. “This is a propaganda machine,” he wrote. “They’re capturing people and then keeping them on an emotional leash and never letting them go.” “Capturing people and then keeping them on an emotional leash” is nothing new. It was at the heart of much media in the days of “yellow journalism” at the turn of the twentieth century, beaten back by journalistic standards for much of the century, then reasserted in its closing decades by talk radio and by Fox News on TV. Social media and its advertising business model has taken the process to its logical conclusion. Targeted social media campaigns will almost certainly be a feature of all future political campaigns. Online social media platforms—and society as a whole—will need to come to grips with the challenges of the new medium.

(Harvard Business Review), 204 Wikipedia, 43 Williams, Alan, 141–43 Williams, Evan “Ev,” 226–27 Woetzel, Jonathan, xxiii Wolff, Steve, 79–81 World Wars I and II, results compared, xxv World Wide Web, xii–xiii, 14, 26 Apache server, 99 as collective intelligence of users, 32–35 data collection implications, 40 evolution of webmaster position, 348 as global brain developing a body, 45–47, 158, 235 HTML as a learning by doing software, 339 and Microsoft, 100 services vs. applications, 30–31 Web 2.0, 28–31, 40 See also Internet Yahoo!, 89, 285 Yahoo! Finance, 126 Y Combinator, 98, 306 Yegge, Steve, 111–13 yellow journalism, 208 Yiannopoulos, Milo, 205 Young, Bob, 24 YouTube, 102, 288–89, 316, 342 Zarsky, Tal, 181 Zeckhauser, Richard, 182 Zimmer, John, 77 Zimride, 77 Zipcar, 84–85 Zipline’s on-demand blood-delivery drones, 370 Zuckerberg, Mark, 187, 199, 201–2, 206, 218, 219–20, 302–3 ABOUT THE AUTHOR TIM O’REILLY is the founder and CEO of O’Reilly Media, the company that has been providing the picks and shovels of learning to the Silicon Valley gold rush for the past thirty-five years.


pages: 281 words: 71,242

World Without Mind: The Existential Threat of Big Tech by Franklin Foer

artificial general intelligence, back-to-the-land, Berlin Wall, big data - Walmart - Pop Tarts, big-box store, Buckminster Fuller, citizen journalism, Colonization of Mars, computer age, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, data is the new oil, don't be evil, Donald Trump, Double Irish / Dutch Sandwich, Douglas Engelbart, Edward Snowden, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Elon Musk, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Filter Bubble, global village, Google Glasses, Haight Ashbury, hive mind, income inequality, intangible asset, Jeff Bezos, job automation, John Markoff, Kevin Kelly, knowledge economy, Law of Accelerating Returns, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, means of production, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, new economy, New Journalism, Norbert Wiener, offshore financial centre, PageRank, Peace of Westphalia, Peter Thiel, planetary scale, Ray Kurzweil, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Singularitarianism, software is eating the world, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, strong AI, supply-chain management, the medium is the message, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas L Friedman, Thorstein Veblen, Upton Sinclair, Vernor Vinge, Whole Earth Catalog, yellow journalism

(The Post started as a mouthpiece of the Democratic Party, created to hound Rutherford B. Hayes—whom it referred to as “His Fraudulency.”) But partisanship was just a toddler phase for the press. Before newspapers could enter into respectability, they needed to go through an adolescence of sensationalism. Over the course of the nineteenth century, a new generation of press barons (William Randolph Hearst, Joseph Pulitzer) came to see the massive profits to be made in yellow journalism—overhyped, tawdry stories about crime and gossip, with lavish illustrations and blunt headlines. The sensationalist press generated sizable audiences—a large mass of consumers who could be persuaded to buy the new products rolling out of the factories and sold in urban department stores. “The pull of dollars towards sensationalism helped move newspapers away from the political parties,” the media historian Michael Schudson writes.


pages: 733 words: 184,118

Tesla: Inventor of the Electrical Age by W. Bernard Carlson

1960s counterculture, Albert Einstein, Clayton Christensen, creative destruction, disruptive innovation, en.wikipedia.org, Henri Poincaré, invention of radio, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Joseph Schumpeter, Menlo Park, packet switching, popular electronics, Robert Gordon, Ronald Reagan, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, undersea cable, yellow journalism

Although Tesla had not yet worked out the business details, reporters noted that he “was most enthusiastic in his veiled references to the financial assistance he has received.”38 Never a fan of the New York tabloids, Morgan was unimpressed with Tesla’s newspaper coverage and perhaps even annoyed.39 As the Literary Digest noted, “The daily papers treat [Tesla’s] various pronunciamentos each after its kind, the yellow journals with weird pictures and big headlines, the more serious ones with skeptical paragraphs.”40 However, as the negotiations with Andrew Carnegie and the other steel barons came to a close, Morgan assigned one of his partners, Charles Steele, to work with Tesla. Steele asked Tesla to draft a letter of agreement in which Morgan would advance funds to Tesla in return for a 51% share of Tesla’s wireless patents.

One way of looking at these grandiose claims is that Tesla simply let success go to his head. Another view is that he allowed himself to be unduly influenced by his friends in the press such as T. C. Martin and Johnson.27 But we can also ask a counterfactual question: if Tesla had kept his illusions modest, would anyone have paid any attention to his inventions in the mid-1890s? To some extent, Tesla was responding to his era’s “yellow journalism.” As the large New York tabloids vied for circulation in the 1890s, they sought out stories with oversized claims, and with each successive retelling the claims had to be further exaggerated.28 The scale of Tesla’s illusions is thus both a product of his personality as well as the way that popular culture was then taking shape. TESLA AND THE CREATIVE URGE Ideal and illusion thus tell us a great deal about how an inventor invents, about the process of creating disruptive technologies.


pages: 1,104 words: 302,176

The Rise and Fall of American Growth: The U.S. Standard of Living Since the Civil War (The Princeton Economic History of the Western World) by Robert J. Gordon

"Robert Solow", 3D printing, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, airline deregulation, airport security, Apple II, barriers to entry, big-box store, blue-collar work, business cycle, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Charles Lindbergh, clean water, collective bargaining, computer age, creative destruction, deindustrialization, Detroit bankruptcy, discovery of penicillin, Donner party, Downton Abbey, Edward Glaeser, en.wikipedia.org, Erik Brynjolfsson, everywhere but in the productivity statistics, feminist movement, financial innovation, full employment, George Akerlof, germ theory of disease, glass ceiling, high net worth, housing crisis, immigration reform, impulse control, income inequality, income per capita, indoor plumbing, industrial robot, inflight wifi, interchangeable parts, invention of agriculture, invention of air conditioning, invention of the sewing machine, invention of the telegraph, invention of the telephone, inventory management, James Watt: steam engine, Jeff Bezos, jitney, job automation, John Markoff, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, labor-force participation, Loma Prieta earthquake, Louis Daguerre, Louis Pasteur, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, Mark Zuckerberg, market fragmentation, Mason jar, mass immigration, mass incarceration, McMansion, Menlo Park, minimum wage unemployment, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, new economy, Norbert Wiener, obamacare, occupational segregation, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, payday loans, Peter Thiel, pink-collar, Productivity paradox, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, refrigerator car, rent control, Robert X Cringely, Ronald Coase, school choice, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, Skype, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Pinker, The Market for Lemons, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, Thomas Malthus, total factor productivity, transaction costs, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, undersea cable, Unsafe at Any Speed, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban sprawl, washing machines reduced drudgery, Washington Consensus, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters, working poor, working-age population, Works Progress Administration, yellow journalism, yield management

The fact that the average household, including the lowest stratum, purchased 3.1 different newspapers is one of the most surprising in this chapter.6 The fastest growth occurred in 1870–1900, by which time newspapers had become firmly established as the main source of information and entertainment for a growing population.7 Color presses were introduced in the 1890s and were first used to produce color comics and supplements.8 By the early twentieth century, newspapers had extended their content far beyond the news itself and added “gossip columns, travel and leisure advice, color comics, and sporting results.”9 The interval from 1880 to 1905 was the age of “yellow journalism,” likely named after the “Yellow Kid” comic strip character popular at the time. Metropolitan newspapers were locked in circulation wars in which success depended on publishing ever more sensational and sometimes sordid stories featuring “violence, sex, catastrophe, and mayhem.” The most famous circulation battle was in the late 1890s, between Joseph Pulitzer’s New York World and William Randolph Hearst’s New York Journal.

“A Little History of the World Wide Web,” World Wide Web Consortium, www.w3.org/History.html. Cain, Louis P., and Paterson, Donald G. (2013). “Children of Eve: Population and Well-being in History,” Population and Development Review 39, no. 3. Calder, Lendol. (1999). Financing the American Dream: A Cultural History of Consumer Credit. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Campbell, W. Joseph. (2001). Yellow Journalism: Puncturing the Myths, Defining the Legacies. Westport, CT: Praeger. Cannon, Brian Q. (2000). “Power Relations: Western Rural Electric Cooperatives and the New Deal,” The Western Historical Quarterly 31, no. 2 (summer): 133–60. Carbone, June, and Cahn, Naomi. (2014). Marriage Markets: How Inequality Is Remaking the American Family. Oxford, UK/New York: Oxford University Press. Card, David, and DiNardo, John E. (2002).

See labor force working class: American, versus European (1870), 29; housing for, 102–4, 111; life of (1870), 56–57; Riis on, 97 working hours, 10, 258–61, 325; in 1940, 520; decline in, 13–14, 326–27; eight-hour day, 543 Works Progress Administration (WPA), 315 World War II: aircraft production during, 397; contribution to Great Leap of, 537; economy during, 548–53; food rationing during, 335; Great Leap Forward and, 563–64; movies during, 414–15; productivity increase during, 18, 540, 546–47; radio news broadcasts of, 197, 413–14; women in labor force during, 504 World Wide Web, 454, 459; See also Internet Wozniak, Steve, 452 Wright Brothers, 568 Xerox Company, 442, 451 X-rays, 226 yellow journalism, 177 Young, David M., 144 youth: in 1870, 58–59; in labor force, 248, 251–52; social media used by, 457; after World War II, 499–500 YouTube, 456 zoning laws, 649 Zuckerberg, Mark, 457, 567 Zworykin, Vladimir, 412–14 THE PRINCETON ECONOMIC HISTORY OF THE WESTERN WORLD Joel Mokyr, Series Editor Growth in a Traditional Society: The French Countryside, 1450–1815 by Philip T. Hoffman The Vanishing Irish: Households, Migration, and the Rural Economy in Ireland, 1850–1914 by Timothy W.


pages: 650 words: 204,878

Reminiscences of a Stock Operator by Edwin Lefèvre, William J. O'Neil

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, bank run, British Empire, business process, buttonwood tree, buy and hold, clean water, Credit Default Swap, Donald Trump, fiat currency, Hernando de Soto, margin call, Monroe Doctrine, new economy, pattern recognition, Ponzi scheme, price stability, refrigerator car, reserve currency, short selling, technology bubble, trade route, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman, Upton Sinclair, yellow journalism

One of its most famous journalists at the time was Nellie Bly, who was one of the first investigative reporters in the late 1880s. The paper’s headquarters, the New York World Building, shown below, was the tallest office tower in the world when completed in 1890. It was torn down in 1955 to build a new ramp to the Brooklyn Bridge. The World became one of the first papers to run color in 1896, and its Yellow Kid cartoon lent its name to the term “yellow journalism,” which means sensationalism. The paper earned that sobriquet amid a series of fierce circulation battles with its archrival, the New York Journal American, owned by William Randolph Hearst. Pulitzer was best known for running stories that encouraged the thriving new immigrant community to read his paper, and many had great social impact, particularly its campaign against unsafe tenements.

Wright, The Language of the Civil War (Oryx Press, 2001), 163. 8 Stephen Crane, The Red Badge of Courage (D. Appleton & Co., 1895). 9 Richard L. Frey, According to Hoyle: The Rules of Games (Random House. 1970), 212. 10 Mark Howard, “Bucking the Tiger: The Traditional Game of Faro,” Barbary Coast Vigilance Committee. 2004, www.bcvc.net/faro/. 11 Hugh Thomas, Cuba, or, the Pursuit of Freedom (1998), 404. 12 W. Joseph Campbell, Yellow Journalism (2003), 25. 13 Smitten, Jesse Livermore, 114. 14 John F. Stover, Historical Atlas of the American Railroads (1999), 90. 15 Henry Clews, Fifty Years in Wall Street (New York: Irving Publishing Company, 1908), 398. 16 Ibid. 17 Roger H. Grant, Erie Lackawanna (1996), 80. 18 John F. Stover, Historical Atlas of the American Railroads (1999), 71. XVII 17.1 Livermore was dragged in front of a Senate committee in late 1923 to discuss market manipulations and the commissions earned by pool operators.1 One of my most intimate friends is very fond of telling stories about what he calls my hunches.


pages: 330 words: 83,319

The New Rules of War: Victory in the Age of Durable Disorder by Sean McFate

active measures, anti-communist, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, blood diamonds, cognitive dissonance, commoditize, computer vision, corporate governance, corporate raider, cuban missile crisis, Donald Trump, double helix, drone strike, European colonialism, failed state, hive mind, index fund, invisible hand, John Markoff, joint-stock company, moral hazard, mutually assured destruction, Nash equilibrium, offshore financial centre, pattern recognition, Peace of Westphalia, plutocrats, Plutocrats, private military company, profit motive, RAND corporation, ransomware, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, Stuxnet, technoutopianism, Washington Consensus, Westphalian system, yellow journalism, Yom Kippur War, zero day, zero-sum game

Department of Justice charges thirteen Russians: United States of America vs Internet Research Agency LLC, et al., no 1:18-cr-00032-DLF (DC, US District Court, District of Columbia, 16 February 2018), www.justice.gov/file/1035477/download. People v Moody, No 4582-84, slip op at 3 (NY, Supreme Court, New York County, 27 June 1986). 7. USS Maine: The USS Maine blew up in Havana’s harbor in 1898, and an inflamed American public blamed Spain. Yellow journalism hyped the situation, and the United States marched to war against Spain crying, “Remember the Maine!” Actually, the Maine sank due to an internal explosion and was not the work of Madrid’s skullduggery. 8. Putin behind the Moscow bombings: John Dunlop, The Moscow Bombings of September 1999: Examinations of Russian Terrorist Attacks at the Onset of Vladimir Putin’s rule, vol. 110 (Columbia University Press, 2014); Amy Knight, “Finally, We Know about the Moscow Bombings,” New York Review of Books 22 November 2012; see also US Congress, House, Committee on Foreign Affairs, Russia: Rebuilding the Iron Curtain, Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Affairs, 110th Cong., 1st sess., 17 May 2007 (testimony by David Satter, senior fellow, Hudson Institute), https://web.archive.org/web/20110927065706/http://www.hudson.org/files/publications/SatterHouseTestimony2007.pdf. 9.


pages: 286 words: 87,401

Blitzscaling: The Lightning-Fast Path to Building Massively Valuable Companies by Reid Hoffman, Chris Yeh

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Airbnb, Amazon Web Services, autonomous vehicles, bitcoin, blockchain, Bob Noyce, business intelligence, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, cloud computing, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, database schema, discounted cash flows, Elon Musk, Firefox, forensic accounting, George Gilder, global pandemic, Google Hangouts, Google X / Alphabet X, hydraulic fracturing, Hyperloop, inventory management, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, Joi Ito, Khan Academy, late fees, Lean Startup, Lyft, M-Pesa, Marc Andreessen, margin call, Mark Zuckerberg, minimum viable product, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Network effects, Oculus Rift, oil shale / tar sands, Paul Buchheit, Paul Graham, Peter Thiel, pre–internet, recommendation engine, ride hailing / ride sharing, Sam Altman, Sand Hill Road, Saturday Night Live, self-driving car, shareholder value, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, smart grid, social graph, software as a service, software is eating the world, speech recognition, stem cell, Steve Jobs, subscription business, Tesla Model S, thinkpad, transaction costs, transport as a service, Travis Kalanick, Uber for X, uber lyft, web application, winner-take-all economy, Y Combinator, yellow journalism

Despite these warnings, the written word, the printing press, and newspapers have brought tremendous benefits to humanity. It’s possible but unlikely that social media will have a qualitatively different impact than any previous form of media, but we generally find that when people start saying, “This time it’s different,” it usually isn’t. New technologies have always had the potential to lead to new problems. Newspapers led to demagogic “yellow journalism.” Advertising led to snake oil salesmen. The answer wasn’t to ban newspapers or advertising, but to build policies and institutions to mitigate the risks involved. That’s why we have libel laws and regulators like the FCC. And with time, audiences themselves become more sophisticated and develop their own “immune responses.” Critics of social media are correct when they point out the corrosive effect social media have had on both the civility of political discourse and the ideal of objective, evidence-based truth.


pages: 271 words: 83,944

The Sellout: A Novel by Paul Beatty

affirmative action, cognitive dissonance, conceptual framework, desegregation, El Camino Real, haute couture, illegal immigration, Lao Tzu, late fees, mass incarceration, p-value, publish or perish, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, telemarketer, theory of mind, War on Poverty, white flight, yellow journalism

Gold metal braces flashed through a lip-curling snarl, and the XXXL T-shirt he wore read Energy = an Emcee2. A long time ago, my father taught me that whenever you see a question on the cover of a news magazine, the answer is always “No,” because the editorial staff knows that questions with “Yes” answers would, like graphic cigarette warnings and close-ups of pus-oozing genitalia that tend not to deter but encourage smoking and unsafe sex, scare the reader off. So you get yellow journalism like: O. J. Simpson and Race: Will the Verdict Split America? No. Has TV Gone Too Far? No. Is Anti-Semitism on the March Again? No, because it never halted. Has Public Education Clipped the Wings of the White Child? No, because a week after that issue hit the newsstands, five white kids, their backpacks filled with books, rape whistles, and mace, hopped off a rented school bus and attempted to reintegrate Chaff Middle School, where Assistant Principal Charisma Molina stood in the doorway, barring entrance to her quasi-segregated institution.


pages: 340 words: 91,387

Stealth of Nations by Robert Neuwirth

accounting loophole / creative accounting, big-box store, British Empire, call centre, collective bargaining, corporate governance, full employment, Hernando de Soto, illegal immigration, income inequality, informal economy, invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, jitney, Johannes Kepler, joint-stock company, Joseph Schumpeter, megacity, microcredit, New Urbanism, Pepto Bismol, pirate software, profit motive, Shenzhen was a fishing village, Simon Kuznets, special economic zone, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, thinkpad, upwardly mobile, Vilfredo Pareto, yellow journalism

This unfortunate linkage has infected academic studies and the popular press. One recent study of migration and street economies in southern Europe concluded that there was a “connection between working in the underground economy and deviant behavior,” though it provided no hard evidence that this link actually exists. In a similar fashion, a December 27, 2010, wire service dispatch in the Turkish newspaper Hürriyet began with a classic yellow-journalism lead—“Unregistered economic activity is causing serious problems across the world”—but the rest of the article simply compared the estimated size of the informal economy in Turkey with that in other countries and offered absolutely no evidence of any problems this had actually created. Still, simply asserting that there’s a huge problem makes readers think it’s true. More and more, people identify the business practices of street markets as shadowy and underhanded.


pages: 290 words: 94,968

Writing on the Wall: Social Media - the First 2,000 Years by Tom Standage

Bill Duvall, British Empire, Edmond Halley, Edward Lloyd's coffeehouse, invention of the printing press, invention of writing, Isaac Newton, knowledge worker, Leonard Kleinrock, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, Mohammed Bouazizi, New Journalism, packet switching, place-making, Republic of Letters, sexual politics, social intelligence, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, theory of mind, yellow journalism

Hearst then applied an exaggerated version of Pulitzer’s approach—a combination of human-interest stories, scandal, crime reports, and tub-thumping campaigning on behalf of the working man—at the San Francisco Examiner, which he bought in 1887 using money from his father, who had made a fortune in mining. Having turned the Examiner around, Hearst bought the New York Morning Journal and initiated a vicious b increasingly b with attle with Pulitzer that drove the circulation of individual newspapers above one million copies for the first time. The two tried to outdo each other in sensationalism, inventing stories and faking pictures in what came to be known as “yellow journalism.” Most famously, Hearst used his papers to stoke anti-Spanish sentiment in 1898, printing lurid accounts of Spanish persecution in Cuba and helping turn public opinion in favor of war with Spain. Hearst is supposed to have told one of his artists, who wished to return from Cuba because not much was happening, “You furnish the pictures, and I’ll furnish the war.” This tale is probably untrue, but there is no question that Hearst enjoyed wielding the power that his newspapers gave him.


pages: 307 words: 96,974

Rats by Robert Sullivan

Louis Pasteur, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rent control, trade route, urban renewal, yellow journalism

California's governor, Henry Gage, worked hard to deny the plague. He assailed "plague fakers." He proposed life imprisonment for anyone claiming there was plague in San Francisco. He suggested that Joseph Kinyoun had planted plague bacilli on the Chinese man who died. Soon, all sides could agree on one thing: Dr. Kinyoun was a problem. The attacks against Kinyoun were notably malicious and slanderous even in a town with a long history of yellow journalism. Kinyoun held fast; his arrogance made him immune to some extent. He turned down bribes. He went on trial in the city for contempt and was eventually found innocent. He was constantly being lampooned in cartoons such as the one that showed him being injected in the head with plague serum. His work was described by the press as "stupid and malignant." Meanwhile, he lived on the desolate island in the bay, with his wife, who was also unhappy there, and their children.


The Culture of Narcissism: American Life in an Age of Diminishing Expectations by Christopher Lasch

cuban missile crisis, delayed gratification, desegregation, feminist movement, full employment, George Santayana, impulse control, Induced demand, invisible hand, Kitchen Debate, Marshall McLuhan, mass immigration, means of production, Norman Mailer, road to serfdom, Scientific racism, Stewart Brand, technoutopianism, theory of mind, Thorstein Veblen, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban renewal, yellow journalism

In many sports trainers, coaches, doctors, and public relations experts soon outnumbered the players. The accumulation of elaborate statistical records arose from management's attempt to reduce winning to a routine, to measure efficient performance. The athletic contest itself surrounded by a vast apparatus of information and promotion, now appeared almost incidental to the expensive preparation required ' , " " , , to stage it. The rise of a new kind of journalism-the yellow journalism pioneered by Hearst and Pulitzer, which sold sensations instead The Degradation of Sport : 121 of reporting news-helped to professionalize amateur athletics, to assimilate sport to promotion, and to make professional athletics into a major industry. Until the twenties, professional sports, where they existed at all, attracted little of the public attention lavished on college football. Even baseball, the oldest and most highly organized of professional sports, suffered from faintly unsavory associations-its appeal to the working class and the sporting crowd, its rural origins.


Remix: Making Art and Commerce Thrive in the Hybrid Economy by Lawrence Lessig

Amazon Web Services, Andrew Keen, Benjamin Mako Hill, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Brewster Kahle, Cass Sunstein, collaborative editing, commoditize, disintermediation, don't be evil, Erik Brynjolfsson, Internet Archive, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, Joi Ito, Kevin Kelly, Larry Wall, late fees, Mark Shuttleworth, Netflix Prize, Network effects, new economy, optical character recognition, PageRank, peer-to-peer, recommendation engine, revision control, Richard Stallman, Ronald Coase, Saturday Night Live, SETI@home, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, slashdot, Steve Jobs, The Nature of the Firm, thinkpad, transaction costs, VA Linux, yellow journalism

And it got to the point where Warner Bros. was so afraid of me and my partner, Alastair Alexander, that if we sent them an e-mail, most of the time the threatening would stop.” And “the most important” part of the story, “regardless of any legal impact it had,” was that after this battle, kids from around the world were fighting back. They were “fighting their own battles now, because they have the confidence to do what they can.” This was the part of the story that I had heard about. It was the part, in my perverse yellow-journalism sense, I wanted Lawver to tell me more about. But to my surprise, and (eventual) delight, Lawver was not so interested in trashing Warner. Her real interest was in making me understand a different, less-reported part of the story. For this was not simply a story of the big bad media company. It was also a story of a company coming to learn something about the digital age. As much as she was rightly proud of the movement that she had spearheaded, Lawver was also proud of the way she had helped Warner understand the twenty-first century.


pages: 414 words: 108,413

King Icahn: The Biography of a Renegade Capitalist by Mark Stevens

corporate governance, corporate raider, Donald Trump, Gordon Gekko, Irwin Jacobs, laissez-faire capitalism, old-boy network, Ponzi scheme, profit motive, shareholder value, yellow journalism

“In effect, Carl arbitraged the union concessions for his own equity purchases.” Privatization would prove to be a watershed in Icahn’s fragile alliance with organized labor. The Ozark acquisition, the revamping of the route structure and the initial turnaround in reported earning led the unions to believe that they had made the right choice between Icahn and Lorenzo. Perhaps all the Wall Street backroom wheeler-dealer talk was nothing more than yellow journalism. Perhaps Icahn was, as he portrayed himself, a 1980s Renaissance man: part financial genius, part business builder, always a man of his word. The optimism that prevailed during the honeymoon period, though, turned quickly to anger and pessimism as the details of the privatization leaked to the unions. “When we heard his plans for the privatization, we knew Icahn’s promises to turn TWA into a premier airline were bullshit,” Ashwood said.


pages: 422 words: 119,123

To the Edges of the Earth: 1909, the Race for the Three Poles, and the Climax of the Age of Exploration by Edward J. Larson

back-to-the-land, British Empire, Charles Lindbergh, Eratosthenes, European colonialism, Fellow of the Royal Society, Livingstone, I presume, Scientific racism, the scientific method, trade route, yellow journalism

“The publication of gossip about the engagement,” the London newspaper noted, “has become so intolerable that [Senator] Elkins yesterday was compelled to a statement asking newspapers to cease printing dispatches and rumors on the subject.”2 At the dawn of modern celebrity journalism, with every major American city boasting multiple penny dailies in cutthroat competition for circulation as nationwide media empires were being born and broken, this plea served only to pique interest in the story. And when the senator ordered the post office to intercept and return all letters and packages from the duke to his daughter, including one reportedly containing an engagement ring, the press and public made the elder Elkins the villain. Some later accounts had it costing the ambitious senator the presidency.3 New York’s Evening Post denounced the prying coverage as yellow journalism at its worst, and the Times of London agreed, but both reprinted the core of it, sent reporters scurrying after the latest scoop, and clearly sided with the star-crossed lovers, if for no other reason than that the union would sell papers.4 “The mystery surrounding the Duke of the Abruzzi and Miss Elkins, so far as the marriage which an inquisitive Press is anxious to arrange between them is concerned, remains as deep as ever,” the Times noted in late 1908.5 “The Duke of the Abruzzi might, were he so minded, find a wife in almost any royal household in Europe,” the New York Times added.


pages: 376 words: 121,254

Cocaine Nation: How the White Trade Took Over the World by Thomas Feiling

anti-communist, barriers to entry, crack epidemic, deindustrialization, illegal immigration, informal economy, inventory management, Kickstarter, land reform, Lao Tzu, mandatory minimum, moral panic, offshore financial centre, RAND corporation, Right to Buy, Ronald Reagan, Stanford prison experiment, trade route, upwardly mobile, yellow journalism

Drugs were not a matter for the courts, politicians or educationalists, and they hardly ever warranted a mention in the papers, except as copy for advertisements. The most worrisome mind-altering substance at the turn of the century was not cocaine or opium, but alcohol. Alcoholic drinks had been popular in the United States since the founding of the Republic, but from the eighteenth century onwards, drinkers had to contend with a strong temperance movement. American newspapers were chock-a-block with the yellow journalism of zealous moral entrepreneurs, who regularly claimed that booze lay at the root of most of the crime, insanity, poverty, divorce, illegitimacy and business failures in the United States. So when cocaine use was banned, it was as a small part of a much broader movement against all kinds of intoxication. The prohibition of potentially dangerous substances like alcohol, heroin and cocaine had its progressive as well as its reactionary champions.


pages: 476 words: 125,219

Digital Disconnect: How Capitalism Is Turning the Internet Against Democracy by Robert W. McChesney

2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, access to a mobile phone, Albert Einstein, American Legislative Exchange Council, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, Automated Insights, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, business cycle, Cass Sunstein, citizen journalism, cloud computing, collaborative consumption, collective bargaining, creative destruction, crony capitalism, David Brooks, death of newspapers, declining real wages, Double Irish / Dutch Sandwich, Erik Brynjolfsson, failed state, Filter Bubble, full employment, future of journalism, George Gilder, Gini coefficient, Google Earth, income inequality, informal economy, intangible asset, invention of agriculture, invisible hand, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, John Markoff, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, Joseph Schumpeter, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, means of production, Metcalfe’s law, mutually assured destruction, national security letter, Nelson Mandela, Network effects, new economy, New Journalism, Nicholas Carr, Occupy movement, offshore financial centre, patent troll, Peter Thiel, plutocrats, Plutocrats, post scarcity, price mechanism, profit maximization, profit motive, QWERTY keyboard, Ralph Nader, Richard Stallman, road to serfdom, Robert Metcalfe, Saturday Night Live, sentiment analysis, Silicon Valley, single-payer health, Skype, spectrum auction, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Steven Pinker, Stewart Brand, Telecommunications Act of 1996, the medium is the message, The Spirit Level, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thorstein Veblen, too big to fail, transfer pricing, Upton Sinclair, WikiLeaks, winner-take-all economy, yellow journalism

For much of the final third of the nineteenth century, the news media system tended to be quite competitive in economic terms. Large cities often had over a dozen competing daily newspapers; papers came and went, and nearly every newspaper was owned by a single publisher who also was the editor or had a strong say in the editorial direction.63 But capitalism imposed its logic. In some cases profit-hungry publishers found that sensationalism, what came to be called yellow journalism, was a lucrative course. Bribery of journalists, showing favoritism toward advertisers, and many other unethical practices were common. Most important, by the 1890s newspaper markets began to shift from competitive to oligopolistic, even monopolistic. Although revenues and population continued to increase sharply, the overall number of newspapers began to stagnate and then fall. “The stronger papers are becoming stronger and the weaker papers are having a hard time to exist,” one newspaper executive observed in 1902.64 Newspapers began to serve a larger and larger portion of their community’s population—with much less fear of new competition than had been the case—and had considerable power as a result.


pages: 476 words: 129,209

The Great Halifax Explosion: A World War I Story of Treachery, Tragedy, and Extraordinary Heroism by John U. Bacon

British Empire, California gold rush, clean water, discovery of penicillin, housing crisis, index card, Louis Pasteur, mass immigration, transcontinental railway, yellow journalism

Add to this the persistent rumors that Captain Le Médec’s last-second decision to cut across Imo’s bow was actually intentional, designed to create the collision, fire, and explosion that followed, and the men of Mont-Blanc clearly had their work cut out for them when it came to public opinion. An editorial in the Truro Daily News expressed a common opinion when it said those responsible for “ ‘such a needless collision’ in clear weather ‘should be hung in good old-fashioned style’ from the yardarm.” Yellow journalism was still in vogue, and was practiced widely. But even if it hadn’t been, people recovering from the greatest man-made disaster in North American history should expect some answers. If the investigation proved some were guilty of criminal negligence or worse, the death penalty would not seem unreasonable at a time when sons overseas were being executed for desertion. It was in this twitchy atmosphere that the Wreck Commissioner’s Court convened on December 13, 1917, exactly one week after the explosion, while families were still digging out their homes and trying to find loved ones.


pages: 413 words: 128,093

On the Grand Trunk Road: A Journey Into South Asia by Steve Coll

affirmative action, airport security, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, back-to-the-land, Berlin Wall, British Empire, colonial rule, Fall of the Berlin Wall, full employment, global village, income inequality, income per capita, Indoor air pollution, Khyber Pass, land reform, Mahatma Gandhi, market bubble, mass immigration, Mikhail Gorbachev, New Urbanism, Ponzi scheme, Ronald Reagan, upwardly mobile, urban sprawl, yellow journalism

Before we began, he pushed a button by his chair and summoned in the publisher of Kamran’s newspaper, Mir ul-Rehman. Jam stood and embraced him, then made the introductions. “I am his servant,” Rehman said. “No, I am his servant,” Jam replied. Then he ushered Rehman out. Our conversation was cordial, occasionally intense. Jam criticized Kamran repeatedly, calling him an agent of intelligence services. Kamran’s reporting was never correct; it was “yellow journalism” against Jam’s government. Yet he said that he liked Kamran personally and did not want any harm to come to him. I suggested that there were legal means available to control the press if Jam felt it was irresponsible, and he said, yes, there were, but he went on to talk animatedly about how ineffective the legal means were because the government could never win lawsuits and reporters never felt the pinch of having to pay legal bills.


pages: 400 words: 129,841

Capitalism: the unknown ideal by Ayn Rand

Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, British Empire, business cycle, East Village, Ford paid five dollars a day, full employment, Isaac Newton, laissez-faire capitalism, means of production, minimum wage unemployment, profit motive, the market place, trade route, transcontinental railway, urban renewal, War on Poverty, yellow journalism

Its end-of-trail is as follows: A local railroad had gone bankrupt in North Dakota, abandoning the region to the fate of a blighted area, the local banker had committed suicide, first killing his wife and children—a freight train had been taken off the schedule in Tennessee, leaving a local factory without transportation at a day’s notice, the factory owner’s son had quit college and was now in jail, awaiting execution for a murder committed with a gang of raiders—a way station had been closed in Kansas, and the station agent, who had wanted to be a scientist, had given up his studies and become a dishwasher—that he, James Taggart, might sit in a private barroom and pay for the alcohol pouring down Orren Boyle’s throat, for the waiter who sponged Boyle’s garments when he spilled his drink over his chest, for the carpet burned by the cigarettes of an ex-pimp from Chile who did not want to take the trouble of reaching for an ashtray across a distance of three feet. (Atlas Shrugged) 17. “EXTREMISM,” OR THE ART OF SMEARING by Ayn Rand Among the many symptoms of today’s moral bankruptcy, the performance of the so-called “moderates” at the Republican National Convention was the climax, at least to date. It was an attempt to institutionalize smears as an instrument of national policy—to raise those smears from the private gutters of yellow journalism to the public summit of a proposed inclusion in a political party platform. The “moderates” were demanding a repudiation of “extremism” without any definition of that term. Ignoring repeated challenges to define what they meant by “extremism,” substituting vituperation for identification, they kept the debate on the level of concretes and would not name the wider abstractions or principles involved.


pages: 442 words: 130,526

The Billionaire Raj: A Journey Through India's New Gilded Age by James Crabtree

accounting loophole / creative accounting, Asian financial crisis, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Branko Milanovic, business climate, call centre, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, centre right, colonial rule, Commodity Super-Cycle, corporate raider, creative destruction, crony capitalism, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, facts on the ground, failed state, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, global supply chain, Gunnar Myrdal, income inequality, informal economy, Joseph Schumpeter, liberal capitalism, Mahatma Gandhi, McMansion, megacity, New Urbanism, offshore financial centre, open economy, Parag Khanna, Pearl River Delta, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, quantitative easing, rent-seeking, Rubik’s Cube, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, smart cities, special economic zone, spectrum auction, The Great Moderation, Thomas L Friedman, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, Washington Consensus, WikiLeaks, yellow journalism, young professional

But they helped to create it too, taking their place alongside the other independent democratic institutions that began to investigate corruption and challenge old hierarchies, from activist judges and government auditors to anti-corruption charities using freedom-of-information laws to ferret out wrongdoing. To his admirers, Goswami was a muckraker in the noble tradition of the campaigning magazines of late nineteenth-century America, which picked fights with corporate monopolies and corrupt politicians. Yet his influence was just as often lamented by those who saw in him echoes of the fearmongering “yellow journalism” of US publisher William Randolph Hearst. In 2012, liberal academic Madhu Kishwar laid out this broader critique in an open letter, comparing Goswami’s show to a kangaroo court in which its host ignored “the necessary dividing line between journalist and crusader.”6 In Goswami’s style, critics saw an Indian variant of what became known later as “post-truth” politics, in which the nightly clash of guests deepened social divisions but added little to public understanding.


pages: 611 words: 130,419

Narrative Economics: How Stories Go Viral and Drive Major Economic Events by Robert J. Shiller

agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, algorithmic trading, Andrei Shleifer, autonomous vehicles, bank run, banking crisis, basic income, bitcoin, blockchain, business cycle, butterfly effect, buy and hold, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Cass Sunstein, central bank independence, collective bargaining, computerized trading, corporate raider, correlation does not imply causation, cryptocurrency, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, debt deflation, disintermediation, Donald Trump, Edmond Halley, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, full employment, George Akerlof, germ theory of disease, German hyperinflation, Gunnar Myrdal, Gödel, Escher, Bach, Hacker Ethic, implied volatility, income inequality, inflation targeting, invention of radio, invention of the telegraph, Jean Tirole, job automation, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, litecoin, market bubble, money market fund, moral hazard, Northern Rock, nudge unit, Own Your Own Home, Paul Samuelson, Philip Mirowski, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, publish or perish, random walk, Richard Thaler, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Reagan, Rubik’s Cube, Satoshi Nakamoto, secular stagnation, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, speech recognition, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, stochastic process, stocks for the long run, superstar cities, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, theory of mind, Thorstein Veblen, traveling salesman, trickle-down economics, tulip mania, universal basic income, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, We are the 99%, yellow journalism, yield curve, Yom Kippur War

Balderrama, Francisco E., and Raymond Rodríguez. 2006. Decade of Betrayal: Mexican Repatriation in the 1930s. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. Banerjee, Abhijit. 1992. “A Simple Model of Herd Behavior.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 107(3):797–817. Banerjee, Abhijit, and Drew Fudenberg. 2004. “Word-of-Mouth Learning.” Games and Economic Behavior 46(1):1–22. Banks, Elizabeth L. 1898. “American Yellow Journalism.” Nineteenth Century, August, 328–40. Bardhan, Nilanjana. 2001. “Transnational AIDS-HIV News Narratives: A Critical Exploration of Overarching Frames.” Mass Communication and Society 4(3):283–309. Barthes, Roland. 2013 [1984]. Mythologies. New York: Hill and Wang. Bartholomew, D. J. 1982. Stochastic Models for Social Processes. Chichester, UK: Wiley. Baruch, Bernard. 1957. Baruch: My Own Story.


A Paradise Built in Hell: Extraordinary Communities That Arise in Disaster by Rebecca Solnit

Berlin Wall, Burning Man, centre right, Community Supported Agriculture, David Graeber, different worldview, dumpster diving, Golden Gate Park, illegal immigration, Loma Prieta earthquake, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, race to the bottom, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rent control, South of Market, San Francisco, Thomas Malthus, Upton Sinclair, urban planning, War on Poverty, yellow journalism

The issues he addressed there would be answered another way in the earthquake, and so his “Moral Equivalent” manifesto makes, with his earthquake essay, a pair examining purpose, meaning, heroism, and satisfaction in life. In its 1910 published version, it begins “The war against war is going to be no holiday excursion or camping party.” He had joined the Anti-Imperialist League founded in 1898 to oppose the United States’ war against Spain and its annexation of Spain’s former colony of the Philippines. The public appetite for war had been whipped up by the newspapers during the era of sensationalistic “yellow journalism,” though James tended to believe that there was an inherent appetite for war. Many prominent intellectuals and public figures, including writer Mark Twain (who was vice president of the Anti-Imperialist League from 1901 to 1910), were ferociously opposed to the explicit amorality of that war and feared the transformation of their country into an imperial power. James moved from the question of shaping—or checking—American foreign policy to the larger question of whether war could be eliminated.


Reaganland: America's Right Turn 1976-1980 by Rick Perlstein

"Robert Solow", 8-hour work day, affirmative action, airline deregulation, Alistair Cooke, American Legislative Exchange Council, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Brewster Kahle, business climate, clean water, collective bargaining, colonial rule, COVID-19, Covid-19, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, currency peg, death of newspapers, defense in depth, Deng Xiaoping, desegregation, Donald Trump, energy security, equal pay for equal work, facts on the ground, feminist movement, financial deregulation, full employment, global village, Golden Gate Park, illegal immigration, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, index card, indoor plumbing, Internet Archive, invisible hand, Julian Assange, Kitchen Debate, kremlinology, land reform, Marshall McLuhan, mass immigration, MITM: man-in-the-middle, Monroe Doctrine, moral panic, mutually assured destruction, New Journalism, oil shock, open borders, Potemkin village, price stability, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, rent control, road to serfdom, Robert Bork, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, traveling salesman, unemployed young men, union organizing, unpaid internship, Unsafe at Any Speed, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, wages for housework, walking around money, War on Poverty, white flight, WikiLeaks, Winter of Discontent, yellow journalism, Yom Kippur War, zero-sum game

Hello from the sewers of N.Y.C. which swallow up these delicacies when they are washed away by the sweeper trucks. Hello from the cracks in the sidewalk of N.Y.C. and from these ants that dwell in these cracks… It was signed, “Son of Sam.” Breslin offered his services should the killer wish to turn himself in to authorities. (The story shared the front page with an image of burning cars captioned, “Two Dead in Chicago Riot.”) The rival New York Post, recently purchased by the Australian yellow-journalism magnate Rupert Murdoch, ramped up the sensationalism to keep pace. You could read the terror at a distance, just walking down the street; an inordinate number of women cut their hair in Dorothy Hamill bobs. Son of Sam’s victims all had long hair. A week later, another alleged serial killer was on the loose—an interstate offender. Ted Bundy was a young, charismatic former law student with a face from out of a cologne ad, a Republican campaign volunteer who’d attended the 1968 convention as a Nelson Rockefeller delegate.

Connally nonetheless “Kennedy Remark Shocks Leaders,” Palm Beach Post, December 4, 1979. The remaining quotes are divided between the newscasts at VTVNA and this article. “Throughout the day” NBC News, December 3, 1979, VTVNA. “engraved invitation” “The Shah, Seven Presidents Later,” WP, December 21, 1979. “TEDDY IS THE TOAST” New York Post, December 9, 1979; MFTVE, 26:37; Patrick Brogan, “Citizen Murdoch: Can Yellow Journalism Cover the World,” New Republic, October 10, 1982. solemn event UPI, December 5, 1979; “1980 Democratic Presidential Nomination: Remarks Announcing Candidacy,” December 4, 1979, APP. pollsters at NBC AP, December 1, 1979. much smaller survey ABC News, December 7, 1979, VTVNA. “I’m sorry” Joe Klein, “Camelot Collapsing,” NYT Magazine, December 24, 1979. there were none Theodore White, America In Search of Itself: The Making of the President, 1956–1980 (New York: Harper & Row, 1981), 276.

New York Stock Exchange Kim Phillips-Fein, Invisible Hands: The Businessmen’s Crusade Against the New Deal (New York: Norton, 2009), 236. “U.S. Geological Survey” Green, Reagan’s Reign of Error, 106. credit controls Stacey L. Schreft, “Credit Controls: 1980,” Economic Review, November/December 1990. Rupert Murdoch Jimmy Carter, White House Diary, 402; Patrick Brogan, “Citizen Murdoch: Can Yellow Journalism Cover the World,” New Republic, October 10, 1982. United Nations ambassador Witcover and Germond, Blue Smoke Mirrors, 152. “Friends, Herbert Hoi-ver” Carroll O’Connor for Kennedy ad, YouTube.com, accessed April 20, 2020; Elliot Curson interview, Fresh Air, WHYY, 1980. New York City subway system White, America In Search of Itself, 299. “My principles” MFTVE, 27:49. Madison’s Capitol grounds Jesse Walker, “Friday A/V Club: Jerry Brown and Francis Ford Coppola’s ‘Transmission from Some Clandestine Place on Mars,’ ” Reason.com, June 6, 2014, including complete video; “Doug Moe: 35 Years On, Recalling ‘Apocalypse Brown,’ ” Madison.com, March 27, 2015.


pages: 1,108 words: 321,463

The Fountainhead by Ayn Rand

British Empire, collective bargaining, laissez-faire capitalism, plutocrats, Plutocrats, profit motive, the scientific method, yellow journalism

The largest organization in the country, commanding the best writing talent and ...” “Look,” she said, leaning toward him confidentially, “let me help you. If you had just met Father, and he were working for the Wynand papers, that would be exactly the right thing to say. But not with me. That’s what I’d expect you to say and I don’t like to hear what I expect. It would be much more interesting if you said that the Wynand papers are a contemptible dump heap of yellow journalism and all their writers put together aren’t worth two bits.” “Is that what you really think of them?” “Not at all. But I don’t like people who try to say only what they think I think.” “Thanks. I’ll need your help. I’ve never met anyone ... oh, no, of course, that’s what you didn’t want me to say. But I really meant it about your papers. I’ve always admired Gail Wynand. I’ve always wished I could meet him.

She could allow herself nothing else. She turned and went on to her bedroom, and heard him closing the guest-room door. “Is it not appropriate,” wrote Lancelot Clokey in a syndicated article, “that Howard Roark is being defended by the Wynand papers? If anyone doubts the moral issues involved in this appalling case, here is the proof of what’s what and who stands where. The Wynand papers—that stronghold of yellow journalism, vulgarity, corruption and muckraking, that organized insult to public taste and decency, that intellectual underworld ruled by a man who has less conception of principles than a cannibal—the Wynand papers are the proper champions of Howard Roark, and Howard Roark is their rightful hero. After a lifetime devoted to blasting the integrity of the press, it is only fit that Gail Wynand should now support a cruder fellow dynamiter.”


pages: 1,079 words: 321,718

Surfaces and Essences by Douglas Hofstadter, Emmanuel Sander

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, Arthur Eddington, Benoit Mandelbrot, Brownian motion, cognitive dissonance, computer age, computer vision, dematerialisation, Donald Trump, Douglas Hofstadter, Ernest Rutherford, experimental subject, Flynn Effect, Georg Cantor, Gerolamo Cardano, Golden Gate Park, haute couture, haute cuisine, Henri Poincaré, Isaac Newton, l'esprit de l'escalier, Louis Pasteur, Mahatma Gandhi, mandelbrot fractal, Menlo Park, Norbert Wiener, place-making, Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, Silicon Valley, statistical model, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, theory of mind, upwardly mobile, urban sprawl, yellow journalism, zero-sum game

Here is a small set of examples: they’re all fruitcakes; you’re nuts; it’s Greek to me; while wearing her parental hat; he punted on the term paper; what a mousy person; watertight reasoning; today was another rollercoaster for the stock market; he snowed the committee; my engine is coughing; an old salt; a spineless senator; the company folded; a bubbly personality; they creamed the other team; let the wine breathe; to dress the salad; a rule of thumb; I was such a chicken; a cool idea; nerves of steel; pass the acid test; in round figures; she’s so square; you’re getting warmer; yellow journalism; what a drag; he just didn’t dig; cloverleaf exchange; hairpin turn; make a hit; no soap; she’s really wired today; he swallowed her story; the old man finally croaked; she drove me crazy; carpet bombing; an umbrella clause; a blanket excuse; we just nosed them out; a straw vote; a blue mood; we always horse around; his gravelly voice; they railroaded us… and on and on. Calling someone “butterfingers”, for instance, does not belong to any large, overarching system of metaphors, but the image is very easy to relate to, since butter is slick and slippery, and thus, one imagines, a person whose fingers were covered with butter (or even were made of butter) would be completely unable to catch a ball or hold onto anything at all.

Below are listed some concepts — just a minuscule subset of the concepts that our culture abounds in — the possession of which would seem to give us a substantial leg up on people from previous generations or centuries: Positive and negative feedback, vicious circle, self-fulfilling prophecy, famous for being famous, backlash, supply and demand, market forces, the subconscious, subliminal imagery, Freudian slip, (Edipus complex, defense mechanism, sour grapes, passive-aggressive behavior, peer pressure, racial profiling, ethnic stereotype, status symbol, zero-sum game, catch-22, gestalt, chemical bond, catalyst, photosynthesis, DNA, virus, genetic code, dominant and recessive genes, immune system, auto-immune disease, natural selection, food chain, endangered species, ecological niche, exponential growth, population explosion, contraception, noise pollution, toxic waste, crop rotation, cross-fertilization, cloning, chain reaction, chain store, chain letter, email, spam, phishing, six degrees of separation, Internet, Web-surfing, uploading and downloading, video game, viral video, virtual reality, chat room, cybersecurity, data mining, artificial intelligence, IQ, robotics, morphing, time reversal, slow motion, time-lapse photography, instant replay, zooming in and out, galaxy, black hole, atom, superconductivity, radioactivity, nuclear fission, antimatter, sound wave, wavelength, X-ray, ultrasound, magnetic-resonance imagery, laser, laser surgery, heart transplant, defibrillator, space station, weightlessness, bungee jumping, home run, switch hitter, slam-dunk, Hail Mary pass, sudden-death playoff, make an end run around someone, ultramarathon, pole dancing, speed dating, multitasking, brainstorming, namedropping, channel-surfing, soap opera, chick flick, remake, rerun, subtitles, sound bite, buzzword, musical chairs, telephone tag, the game of Telephone, upping the ante, playing chicken, bumper cars, SUVs, automatic transmission, oil change, radar trap, whiplash, backseat driver, oil spill, superglue, megachurch, placebo, politically correct language, slippery slope, pushing the envelope, stock-market crash, recycling, biodegradability, assembly line, black box, wind-chill factor, frequent-flyer miles, hub airport, fast food, soft drink, food court, VIP lounge, moving sidewalk, shuttle bus, cell-phone lot, genocide, propaganda, paparazzi, culture shock, hunger strike, generation gap, quality time, Murphy’s law, roller coaster, in-joke, outsource, downsize, upgrade, bell-shaped curve, fractal shape, breast implant, Barbie doll, trophy wife, surrogate mother, first lady, worst-case scenario, prenuptial agreement, gentrification, paradigm shift, affirmative action, gridlock, veganism, karaoke, power lunch, brown-bag lunch, blue-chip company, yellow journalism, purple prose, greenhouse effect, orange alert, red tape, white noise, gray matter, black list… Not only does our culture provide us with such potent concepts, it also encourages us to analogically extend them both playfully and seriously, which gives rise to a snowballing of the number of concepts. Thus over the years, the concept alcoholic has given rise to many spinoff terms such as “workoholic”, “chocoholic”, “shopoholic”, and “sexoholic”.


pages: 631 words: 171,391

One Minute to Midnight: Kennedy, Khrushchev and Castro on the Brink of Nuclear War by Michael Dobbs

air freight, Berlin Wall, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Doomsday Clock, global village, Google Earth, kremlinology, Marshall McLuhan, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, stakhanovite, yellow journalism

They actively promoted it and even fought in it. "A splendid fight," enthused the publisher, after a visit to the battlefield, with a revolver in his belt and a pencil and notebook in his hand. "A splendid little war," agreed future secretary of state John Hay, in a letter to his friend Theodore Roosevelt. More than six decades later, the American press had shed much of its jingoistic, "yellow journalism" character. But there were still publishers and reporters in the Hearst tradition who enthusiastically campaigned for a showdown, this time with the Soviet Union. The role once played by Hearst was assumed by the Time-Life empire of Henry and Clare Boothe Luce, which accused the Kennedy administration of "doing nothing" to prevent a Communist takeover of Cuba. Clare Luce received an admiring note from Hearst's son after she wrote an editorial in Life magazine denouncing the president's handling of Cuba in early October, a few days before the crisis broke.


pages: 684 words: 173,622

Going Clear: Scientology, Hollywood, and the Prison of Belief by Lawrence Wright

Albert Einstein, call centre, Columbine, Naomi Klein, Ponzi scheme, profit motive, Ronald Reagan, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, WikiLeaks, yellow journalism

The scandals that periodically erupted in the press about Hubbard’s biography, or his disappearance, or the church’s use of private investigators and the courts to harass critics—these things rarely touched the awareness of Scientology luminaries. Many simply didn’t want to hear about the problems inside their organization. It was easy enough to chalk such revelations up to religious persecution or yellow journalism. “There are two sides to the story, but I don’t know both sides,” Travolta blithely said when he was asked about Operation Snow White. “I’m not involved with that.” In any case, for someone like Travolta, who was so publicly associated with the church, it would be hard to just walk away. He had been asked to declare himself publicly, and he had done so, again and again. The star was staying in a private house in Houston.


pages: 613 words: 200,826

Unreal Estate: Money, Ambition, and the Lust for Land in Los Angeles by Michael Gross

Albert Einstein, Ayatollah Khomeini, bank run, Bernie Madoff, California gold rush, clean water, corporate raider, Donald Trump, estate planning, family office, financial independence, Irwin Jacobs, Joan Didion, Maui Hawaii, McMansion, mortgage debt, Norman Mailer, offshore financial centre, oil rush, passive investing, pension reform, Ponzi scheme, Right to Buy, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, The Predators' Ball, transcontinental railway, yellow journalism

Hearst went after the Beverly Hills police, too, forcing a grand jury investigation into Minnewa’s crash, and then ran advertisements seeking witnesses who would say she was drunk—a charge sure to reflect badly on her abstemious father. But though two witnesses supposedly came forward, none actually appeared before the grand jury, which again exonerated the girl. “Nothing is sacred to Mr. Hearst,” the pro-Bell Beverly Hills Citizen editorialized, “not even a man’s fireside.” Even Chandler’s Times agreed with the Bell forces this one time, calling the attacks on Minnewa “vicious yellow journalism” and “reprehensible tactics,” though warning darkly that approval of the cement plant “would be a severe blow to our good name abroad as well as a serious inroad upon our security at home.” Early in 1930, the city council gave Bell another ray of hope, approving the quarry; a few days later the mayor of Los Angeles ratified the decision. But Bell’s battle still wasn’t over. Immediately, opponents began a petition drive in an attempt to force a public referendum on the plan.


pages: 898 words: 253,177

Cadillac Desert by Marc Reisner

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, California gold rush, clean water, Golden Gate Park, hacker house, jitney, Joan Didion, Maui Hawaii, oil shale / tar sands, old-boy network, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Silicon Valley, trade route, transcontinental railway, uranium enrichment, Works Progress Administration, yellow journalism

The one-thousand-ounce aluminum Pope’s cap installed in the pinnacle of the Washington Monument when it was completed in the mid-nineteenth century was the largest ingot of its day. After the First World War, aluminum became cheaper, though still not common. The raw material, the production flow, the manufacturing patent, and the end uses were pretty much controlled by the Aluminum Company of America, which was to vertical integration what William Randolph Hearst was to yellow journalism. Hearst, at least, had competition; Alcoa didn’t—except from Adolf Hitler, who made Germany the world leader in aluminum production soon after seizing power, for reasons the Allies did not immediately discern. When the first electricity began to flow out of Bonneville Dam, the Corps of Engineers’ big power and navigation dam three hundred miles downriver, the government tried to induce Alcoa’s potential competitors to build plants in the Northwest by offering them bargain rates, but nobody was particularly interested.


The Geography of Nowhere: The Rise and Decline of America's Man-Made Landscape by James Howard Kunstler

A Pattern Language, blue-collar work, California gold rush, car-free, City Beautiful movement, corporate governance, Donald Trump, financial independence, fixed income, Ford paid five dollars a day, Frank Gehry, germ theory of disease, indoor plumbing, jitney, land tenure, mass immigration, means of production, megastructure, Menlo Park, new economy, oil shock, Peter Calthorpe, place-making, plutocrats, Plutocrats, postindustrial economy, Potemkin village, Ronald Reagan, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Whole Earth Review, working poor, Works Progress Administration, yellow journalism

The village lies nestled along the west­ ern side of the river valley, which rises steeply to a sort of hilly plateau. The gridded blocks are bisected by service alleys lined by barns and car­ riage houses. The nineteenth-century houses were cobbled over with 1960s redos, and the materials they used-aluminum and asbestos sid­ ing, fake brick-have entered a secondary stage of decay. Many blue and yellow New York State historical markers stand scat­ tered around the town today. Each tells a little piece of the story of the Battle of Saratoga, which took place in woods and farm fields nearby in 1777. "Here the British Army parked their artillery," says one marker near the driveway of the High School. "Site of the Continental barracks where General Stark tried and condemned the Tory Lovelass as a Spy," says another at the north end of town.


The Bonfire of the Vanities by Tom Wolfe

affirmative action, Berlin Wall, Bonfire of the Vanities, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, interchangeable parts, plutocrats, Plutocrats, rent control, Socratic dialogue, traveling salesman, yellow journalism, zero-coupon bond

Cuts himself to pieces every day. Fortunately, he can take pictures.” Steiner was breathless with mirth. “The Yanks! Dear God, I love them! Tells them a joke. Dear God, dear God…I do like a fellow with sand. Make a note of this, Brian. Give him a rise in pay. Twenty-five dollars a week. But for God’s sake, don’t tell him or anyone else what for. Tells them a joke! Raped by a gorilla!” Steiner’s love of yellow journalism, his awe of the “sand” that gave journalists the courage to try such stunts, was so genuine, Fallow and Highridge couldn’t help but laugh along with him. Steiner’s little face was far from that of a Dead Mouse at this moment. The outrageous zest of this American photographer, Silverstein, lent him life, even radiance. “All the same,” said Steiner, sobering up, “we’ve got this problem.” “I think we were perfectly justified,” said Highridge.


pages: 863 words: 159,091

A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, Eighth Edition: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers by Kate L. Turabian

Bretton Woods, conceptual framework, correlation does not imply causation, illegal immigration, Menlo Park, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Steven Pinker, Telecommunications Act of 1996, yellow journalism, Zeno's paradox

Use a semicolon before the words then, however, thus, hence, indeed, accordingly, besides, and therefore when those words are used transitionally between two independent clauses. Some think freedom always comes with democracy; however, many voters in many countries have voted for governments that they know will restrict their rights. When items in a series have internal punctuation, separate them with semicolons (see also 21.2.2). Green indicates vegetation that remained stable; red, vegetation that disappeared; yellow, new vegetation. 21.4 Colon A colon introduces a clause, phrase, or series of elements that expands, clarifies, or exemplifies the meaning of what precedes it. Between independent clauses, it functions much like a semicolon, though more strongly emphasizing balance or consequence. People expect three things of government: peace, prosperity, and respect for civil rights. Chinese culture is unrivaled in its depth and antiquity: it is unmatched in its rich artistic and philosophical records.


pages: 1,106 words: 335,322

Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller, Sr. by Ron Chernow

business cycle, California gold rush, collective bargaining, death of newspapers, delayed gratification, double entry bookkeeping, endowment effect, family office, financial independence, Frederick Winslow Taylor, George Santayana, God and Mammon, income inequality, invisible hand, Joseph Schumpeter, Louis Pasteur, Mahatma Gandhi, Menlo Park, New Journalism, oil rush, oil shale / tar sands, passive investing, plutocrats, Plutocrats, price discrimination, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, refrigerator car, The Chicago School, Thorstein Veblen, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman, union organizing, Upton Sinclair, white picket fence, yellow journalism

Aided by new technologies, including linotype and photoengraving, glossy illustrated magazines streamed forth in such numbers that the era would be memorialized as the golden age of the American magazine. Paralleling this was the rise of mass-circulation newspapers, which catered to an expanding reading public. Competing in fierce circulation wars, Joseph Pulitzer, William Randolph Hearst, and other press barons plied readers with scandals and crusades. Nonetheless, the turn of the century marked more than the heyday of strident tabloids and yellow journalism, as sophisticated publications began to tackle complex stories, illustrating them lavishly and promoting them aggressively. For the first time in history, college graduates went to work on newspapers and magazines, bringing a new literary flair to a world once considered beneath the dignity of the educated elite. Studded with star writers and editors, the most impressive periodical was McClure’s Magazine, which was started by Samuel S.


Betrayal of Trust: The Collapse of Global Public Health by Laurie Garrett

accounting loophole / creative accounting, airport security, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, biofilm, clean water, collective bargaining, desegregation, discovery of DNA, discovery of penicillin, Drosophila, employer provided health coverage, Fall of the Berlin Wall, germ theory of disease, global pandemic, illegal immigration, indoor plumbing, Induced demand, John Snow's cholera map, Jones Act, Louis Pasteur, Mahatma Gandhi, mass incarceration, Maui Hawaii, means of production, Menlo Park, Mikhail Gorbachev, mouse model, Nelson Mandela, new economy, nuclear winter, phenotype, profit motive, Project Plowshare, RAND corporation, randomized controlled trial, Right to Buy, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, Silicon Valley, stem cell, the scientific method, urban decay, urban renewal, War on Poverty, working poor, Works Progress Administration, yellow journalism

Shankaranand was not a physician, but a businessman who faced indictments on mishandling of public funds during his previous service as petroleum minister. Shankaranand and his predecessor in the Ministry of Health supported an unusual medical paradigm: daily consumption of one’s own urine as treatment for cancer or AIDS.20 So from the first moments of Surat’s epidemic the Indian public was deluged with at least as much misinformation as actual facts. And while it was tempting to blame the media for its lack of accuracy and for yellow journalism, India’s health care establishment had to share credit. The information schism—between truth and fantasy, accuracy and exaggeration—would prove disastrous for India in coming days.21 But in Surat itself there were few citizens left who could be misinformed, and nearly the entire medical profession, save the dedicated nurses and physicians of Civil Hospital, had flown the coop. One exception was Dr.


The Impact of Early Life Trauma on Health and Disease by Lanius, Ruth A.; Vermetten, Eric; Pain, Clare

conceptual framework, correlation coefficient, delayed gratification, epigenetics, false memory syndrome, impulse control, intermodal, longitudinal study, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Nelson Mandela, p-value, phenotype, randomized controlled trial, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), social intelligence, Socratic dialogue, theory of mind, twin studies, yellow journalism

His team anticipated that Tanetia would die within the year from acute illness, or within the next few years from secondary vascular damage resulting from poor control of her diabetes. Then Grams took the stand. Dramatically, she unrolled a computerized list of rare causes of hyperglycemia that church members had found on the Internet. She argued that the doctors were malfeasÂ� ant for neglecting to test for these problems. How€– she turned to the judge – how could they take away her little girl whom she had raised from infancy? She unfolded the yellowed news article with her photo as she reminded the judge that the City of San Francisco had named her foster mother of the month just 10 years ago. She hinted at a suit for malpractice. Tanetia was called up. She said that she loved her Grams. She said that she knew that Grams needed the money. Tanetia almost whispered, “I don’t want to live elsewhere.” The judge being a judge, courts being courts, and this being San Francisco, insisted that Grams be given another 6€ months with Tanetia and scolded FMP to work harder to help Grams to take care of this girl.


pages: 1,336 words: 415,037

The Snowball: Warren Buffett and the Business of Life by Alice Schroeder

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, barriers to entry, Bob Noyce, Bonfire of the Vanities, Brownian motion, capital asset pricing model, card file, centralized clearinghouse, Charles Lindbergh, collateralized debt obligation, computerized trading, corporate governance, corporate raider, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, desegregation, Donald Trump, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, Everybody Ought to Be Rich, global village, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute cuisine, Honoré de Balzac, If something cannot go on forever, it will stop - Herbert Stein's Law, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, index fund, indoor plumbing, intangible asset, interest rate swap, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, John Meriwether, joint-stock company, joint-stock limited liability company, Long Term Capital Management, Louis Bachelier, margin call, market bubble, Marshall McLuhan, medical malpractice, merger arbitrage, Mikhail Gorbachev, money market fund, moral hazard, NetJets, new economy, New Journalism, North Sea oil, paper trading, passive investing, Paul Samuelson, pets.com, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, Ralph Nader, random walk, Ronald Reagan, Scientific racism, shareholder value, short selling, side project, Silicon Valley, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, supply-chain management, telemarketer, The Predators' Ball, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, too big to fail, transcontinental railway, Upton Sinclair, War on Poverty, Works Progress Administration, Y2K, yellow journalism, zero-coupon bond

The story was picked up by Time, Newsweek, Editor & Publisher, and the LA Times, among others.41 An informal survey of twenty-six boys’ homes showed that immediately after the exposé, more than a third of them said that their fund-raising efforts were affected.42 But Monsignor Francis Schmitt, an understudy of Wegner’s who had begun assuming some of his duties, quickly circulated a letter to Boys Town supporters calling the Sun “a kind of Shopper’s Guide.” It said, “There can only have been yellow journalism, prejudice, jealousy, and, for all I know, bigotry involved in the story,” suggesting that the motive was anti-Catholic bias. In fact, the reporters had bent over backward to avoid such a bias. Moreover, Schmitt said, the story was full of “snide innuendos” that cut into his vitals all “because of a cheap editor of a cheap paper, whose owner is himself a millionaire many times over.”43 Wegner also remained unrepentant.


George Marshall: Defender of the Republic by David L. Roll

anti-communist, British Empire, Charles Lindbergh, David Brooks, Defenestration of Prague, Donald Trump, European colonialism, fear of failure, invisible hand, MITM: man-in-the-middle, Monroe Doctrine, mutually assured destruction, one-China policy, one-state solution, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Simon Kuznets, South China Sea, Steve Jobs, trade liberalization, Works Progress Administration, yellow journalism

Dean Acheson’s characterization of Hurley was apt: “Trouble moved with him like a cloud of flies around a steer.”8 Though there is no supporting record, Truman claimed in his memoir that he met with Hurley in the White House at 11:30 a.m. the next day about the “seriousness of the situation” in China and that Hurley assured him that he would “wind up a few personal matters and then return to China.”9 Later, during his weekly cabinet luncheon, an aide handed the president a scrap of yellow news copy that had been torn off the White House ticker tape machine. According to Secretary of Commerce Henry Wallace, Truman glanced at the news flash, held it up, and angrily said, “See what a son-of-a-bitch did to me?”10 Without informing the president, Hurley had released to the press a scathing letter of resignation, dated the day before, claiming that “career men” in the State Department continuously undermined his efforts to support the Nationalist government of Chiang Kai-shek by siding with “the Chinese Communist armed party” and “the imperialist bloc of nations” whose policy it was to keep China divided against herself.


pages: 1,799 words: 532,462

The Codebreakers: The Comprehensive History of Secret Communication From Ancient Times to the Internet by David Kahn

anti-communist, British Empire, Claude Shannon: information theory, computer age, cuban missile crisis, Fellow of the Royal Society, Honoré de Balzac, index card, interchangeable parts, invention of the telegraph, Isaac Newton, Johannes Kepler, John von Neumann, Louis Daguerre, Maui Hawaii, Norbert Wiener, out of africa, pattern recognition, place-making, popular electronics, positional goods, Republic of Letters, Searching for Interstellar Communications, stochastic process, the scientific method, trade route, Turing machine, union organizing, yellow journalism, zero-sum game

Only certain letters or words of a null cipher’s text are significant; for example, every fifth word or the first letter of every word, with all the other letters and words serving as nulls to produce the disguise. These usually sound even more strained than the jargon code. Even two of the better examples, sent by the Germans during World War I, have that “funny” sound that invariably accompanies them. The first, disguised as a press cable, read: PRESIDENT’S EMBARGO RULING SHOULD HAVE IMMEDIATE NOTICE, GRAVE SITUATION AFFECTING INTERNATIONAL LAW. STATEMENT FORESHADOWS RUIN OF MANY NEUTRALS. YELLOW JOURNALS UNIFYING NATIONAL EXCITEMENT IMMENSELY. The initial letters spell out Pershing sails from N. Y. June 1. The second message, apparently sent as a check on the first, beaded the same content on the second letters of each word: APPARENTLY NEUTRAL’S PROTEST IS THOROUGHLY DISCOUNTED AND IGNORED. ISMAN HARD HIT. BLOCKADE ISSUE AFFECTS PRETEXT FOR EMBARGO ON BYPRODUCTS, EJECTING SUETS AND VEGETABLE OILS.