Seymour Hersh

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pages: 371 words: 109,320

News and How to Use It: What to Believe in a Fake News World by Alan Rusbridger

airport security, basic income, Boris Johnson, call centre, Chelsea Manning, citizen journalism, Climategate, cognitive dissonance, coronavirus, correlation does not imply causation, Covid-19, COVID-19, Credit Default Swap, cross-subsidies, crowdsourcing, disinformation, Dominic Cummings, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, Filter Bubble, future of journalism, ghettoisation, global pandemic, Google Earth, hive mind, housing crisis, Howard Rheingold, illegal immigration, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Jeff Bezos, Jeffrey Epstein, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, Mark Zuckerberg, Murray Gell-Mann, Narrative Science, Neil Kinnock, Nelson Mandela, New Journalism, Nicholas Carr, offshore financial centre, profit motive, publication bias, Seymour Hersh, Snapchat, Steve Bannon, the scientific method, universal basic income, WikiLeaks, yellow journalism

<https://aboutus.ft.com/en-gb/announcements/fts-madison-marriage-wins-business-story-of-the-year-for-presidents-club-scandal-at-2019-headline-money-awards/> Fisher, Max. ‘The many problems with Seymour Hersh’s Osama Bin Laden conspiracy theory’. Vox, 11 May 2015. <https://www.vox.com/2015/5/11/8584473/seymour-hersh-osama-bin-laden> Fisher, Max.‘Seymour Hersh’s bizarre new conspiracy theory about the US and Syria, explained’. Vox, 21 December 2015. <https://www.vox.com/2015/12/21/10634002/seymour-hersh-syria-joint-chiefs> Fitzgerald, Brendan. ‘Lessons on covering race and racism after Charlottesville’. Columbia Journalism Review, 21 September 2017.

Gallup/Knight Foundation, 2018. <https://knightfoundation.org/reports/american-views-trust-media-and-democracy/> ‘Andrew Neil’. Pieces of evidence. Discover Leveson, May 2012. <https://www.discoverleveson.com/witness/Andrew_Neil/4324/?bc=9#witnessevidence> ‘Award Winner: Seymour Hersh’. National Press Foundation, 2004. <https://nationalpress.org/award-winner/seymour-hersh/> Baker, Russ. ‘“Scoops” and Truth at the Times’. The Nation, 5 June 2003. <https://www.thenation.com/article/archive/scoops-and-truth-times/> Barbaro, Michael. ‘The Lessons of 2016’. The Daily podcast, The New York Times, n.d. <https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/31/podcasts/the-daily/2020-election.html> Barlow, Nathan ‘Strategies for social-ecological transformation’.

‘Europe’s citizens back their leaders’ coronavirus response, say polls’. Politico, 20 March 2020. <https://www.politico.eu/article/europes-citizens-back-their-leaders-coronavirus-response-say-polls/> Byers, Dylan. ‘The New Yorker passed on Seymour Hersh’s Bin Laden story’. Politico, 11 May 2015. <https://www.politico.com/blogs/media/2015/05/the-new-yorker-passed-on-seymour-hershs-bin-laden-206933.html> Cagé, Julia. Saving the Media: Capitalism, Crowdfunding, and Democracy. Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press, 2016. ‘The Cairncross Review: a sustainable future for journalism’. Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport, 12 February 2019.


pages: 801 words: 229,742

The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy by John J. Mearsheimer, Stephen M. Walt

affirmative action, Ayatollah Khomeini, Boycotts of Israel, David Brooks, energy security, facts on the ground, failed state, invisible hand, oil shock, Project for a New American Century, Ralph Nader, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, Thomas L Friedman, uranium enrichment, Yom Kippur War

Gareth Porter, “Strategy Paper Reveals Bush Won’t Attack Iran,” Inter Press Service, June 20, 2006. 71. James Bamford, “Iran: The Next War,” Rolling Stone, July 24, 2006; Seymour M. Hersh, “The Coming Wars,” New Yorker, January 24/31, 2005; Seymour M. Hersh, “The Iran Plans,” New Yorker, April 17, 2006; Seymour M. Hersh, “Last Stand,” New Yorker, July 10, 2006; Seymour M. Hersh, “The Redirection,” New Yorker, March 5, 2007; and “Iran: The Next Strategic Target,” Seymour Hersh interview with Amy Goodman of Democracy Now!, AlterNet.org, January 19, 2005. Also see Peter Baker, Dafna Linzer, and Thomas E. Ricks, “U.S. Is Studying Military Strike Options on Iran,” Washington Post, April 9, 2006; Perelman, “Pentagon Team on Iran”; and Craig Unger, “From the Wonderful Folks Who Brought You Iraq,” Vanity Fair (online), March 2007.

Say Officials,” Los Angeles Times, September 3, 2004; “FBI Says Israel a Major Player in Industrial Espionage,” Jewish Bulletin (online), January 16, 1998; Mark, “Israeli–United States Relations,” November 9, 2004, 14–15; and Joshua Mitnick, “U.S. Accuses Officials of Spying,” Washington Times, December 16, 2004. 96. The journalist Seymour Hersh claims that Israel passed some of the stolen intelligence to the Soviet Union in order to gain exit visas for Soviet Jews. Others have challenged this assertion, but Hersh stands by his story. Seymour M. Hersh, The Samson Option: Israel’s Nuclear Arsenal and American Foreign Policy (New York: Random House, 1991), 285–305; and Seymour M. Hersh, “Why Pollard Should Never Be Released,” New Yorker, January 18, 1999. 97. On these incidents, see Edward T. Pound and David Rogers, “Inquiring Eyes: An Israeli Contract with a U.S.

As a result, notes Avner Cohen in his detailed history of Israel’s nuclear program, “the Israelis were able to determine the rules of the [U.S.] visits and the Johnson administration chose not to confront Israel on the issue, fearing that Israel would end the arrangement… Kennedy threatened both Ben Gurion and [Levi] Eshkol that noncompliance … could ‘jeopardize American commitment to Israel’s security and well being,’ but Johnson was unwilling to risk an American-Israeli crisis over the issue.”67 “Instead of inspections every six months,” writes Bass, “in practice Johnson settled for a quick visit once a year or so.”68 And when CIA Director Richard Helms came to the White House in 1968 to inform Johnson that U.S. intelligence had concluded that Israel had in fact acquired a nuclear capability, Johnson told him to make sure that nobody else was shown the evidence, including Secretary of State Dean Rusk and Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara. According to the journalist Seymour Hersh, “Johnson’s purpose in chasing Helms—and his intelligence—away was clear: he did not want to know what the CIA was trying to tell him, for once he accepted that information, he would have to act on it. By 1968, the President had no intention of doing anything to stop the Israeli bomb.”69 In addition to its nuclear arsenal, Israel maintains active chemical and biological weapons programs and has yet to ratify either the Chemical or Biological Weapons Convention.70 The irony is hard to miss: the United States has pressured many other states to join the NPT, imposed sanctions on countries that have defied U.S. wishes and acquired nuclear weapons anyway, gone to war in 2003 to prevent Iraq from pursuing WMD, and contemplated attacking Iran and North Korea for the same reason.


pages: 159 words: 42,401

Snowden's Box: Trust in the Age of Surveillance by Jessica Bruder, Dale Maharidge

anti-communist, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, blockchain, Broken windows theory, Burning Man, cashless society, Chelsea Manning, citizen journalism, computer vision, crowdsourcing, disinformation, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Ferguson, Missouri, Filter Bubble, Firefox, Internet of things, Jeff Bezos, Julian Assange, license plate recognition, Mark Zuckerberg, mass incarceration, medical malpractice, Occupy movement, off grid, pattern recognition, Peter Thiel, Robert Bork, Seymour Hersh, Shoshana Zuboff, Silicon Valley, Skype, social graph, Steven Levy, surveillance capitalism, Tim Cook: Apple, web of trust, WikiLeaks

p. 88 army had been monitoring civilians: Richard Halloran, “Army Spied on 18,000 Civilians in 2-Year Operation,” New York Times, January 18, 1971; Seymour M. Hersh, “Army Is Criticized on Civilian Spying,” New York Times, August 30, 1972; John Herbers, “Senator Ervin Thinks the Constitution Should Be Taken Like Mountain Whisky—Undiluted and Untaxed,” New York Times, November 15, 1970. p. 88 Watergate: Daniel Bush, “The Complete Watergate Timeline (It Took Longer Than You Realize),” PBS Newshour, May 30, 2017, pbs.org. p. 88 Seymour Hersh scoop: Seymour Hersh, “Huge C.I.A. Operation Reported in US against Anti-War Forces, Other Dissidents in Nixon Years,” New York Times, December 22, 1974.

“I hugged Laura and put her into a taxi Saturday afternoon to meet with Remnick,” Ben recalled. Laura ended up meeting with him twice — first at his apartment and then at his office. She suggested that the New Yorker publish a profile of her source in Hong Kong, adding that it could be good fit for one of two journalists: Seymour Hersh or Jane Mayer. During their second meeting, Remnick asked for proof that the source was legitimate and for her to explain the story clearly and fully. She opened her air-gapped laptop and showed him a slide from the leaked archive. This, she later recalled, was the black budget. Remnick’s interest was piqued, but the significance of that single slide — and the position it might hold in a larger mosaic of leaked intelligence documents — was maddeningly cryptic.

Americans learned the army had been monitoring civilians and, soon after, were rocked by the most infamous scandal of all: Watergate. In August 1974, President Richard Nixon was forced to resign amid public outrage over his illegal spying on the Democratic Party. Meanwhile, the news about illegal surveillance kept coming. Six months later, the New York Times revealed in a front-page investigative scoop from reporter Seymour Hersh that the CIA had violated its charter by running a domestic intelligence operation against antiwar protesters and other activists, keeping files on at least 10,000 US citizens. The national mood tipped, briefly, from horror to outrage. Agencies meant to protect Americans were persecuting them instead; clearly, the system was broken.


pages: 556 words: 141,069

The Profiteers by Sally Denton

Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, Boycotts of Israel, clean water, corporate governance, crony capitalism, disinformation, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, energy security, Fall of the Berlin Wall, G4S, invisible hand, James Watt: steam engine, Joan Didion, Kitchen Debate, laissez-faire capitalism, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, Naomi Klein, new economy, nuclear winter, profit motive, Robert Hanssen: Double agent, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, trickle-down economics, uranium enrichment, urban planning, WikiLeaks, wikimedia commons, William Langewiesche

When exactly Pollard began spying for Israel remains a matter of dispute. Pollard told the US Justice Department that he began spying in July 1984 and that he offered his services rather than having been recruited. Investigative journalist Seymour Hersh reported that Pollard “offered to supply Israel with intelligence as early as 1980, but was not recruited as an operative until the fall of 1981, three years earlier than he and the Israeli government have admitted.” Seymour Hersh, The Samson Option: Israel’s Nuclear Arsenal and American Foreign Policy (New York: Random House, 1991), 285. The CIA Damage Assessment of the Pollard case states that his spying began in June 1984.

Named for the investigative committee chaired by Senator Frank Church that uncovered the CIA abuses, the Senate Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities had published fourteen reports labeled “the family jewels.” While some of the files had been splashed on the front page of the New York Times in an explosive article written by Seymour Hersh, nearly all of the several thousand pages of documents from the investigation were classified and hidden from public view for the next thirty-five years. Meanwhile, Weinberger had become such a lightning rod in the Arab boycott controversy that the Bechtels and Shultz decided to bring in outside counsel, soliciting the help of one of Washington’s powerful law firms, Hogan and Hartson.

The Abu Ghurayb presidential grounds that had housed Saddam’s notorious torture and execution chambers became a US military prison, where American soldiers brutalized Iraqi captives. Photographs and videos taken by soldiers of the abuses at Abu Ghurayb conducted by American GIs were broadcast on CBS’s 60 Minutes II and exposed in an explosive series written by Seymour Hersh for the New Yorker. The administration essentially hired Bechtel as its contracting arm to build bridges, roads, power plants, water treatment projects, hospitals, and schools, as well as repairing airports and irrigation structures. “A motley assortment of retired Republican operatives, US businessmen, and Iraqi exiles with dubious histories and doubtful motives were the first recipients of the largesse,” wrote journalist and author T.


pages: 493 words: 136,235

Operation Chaos: The Vietnam Deserters Who Fought the CIA, the Brainwashers, and Themselves by Matthew Sweet

Berlin Wall, British Empire, centre right, computer age, disinformation, Donald Trump, energy security, Fall of the Berlin Wall, game design, Haight Ashbury, Herbert Marcuse, hiring and firing, Howard Zinn, Kickstarter, Mikhail Gorbachev, planetary scale, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Seymour Hersh, Skype, South China Sea, Stanford prison experiment, Thomas Malthus, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, WikiLeaks, Yogi Berra, éminence grise

a flight from Boston to Stockholm: Ibid. “What would happen if you went home now?”: “Bill rymde till Sverige” [Bill fled to Sweden], Dagens Nyheter, November 2, 1969. Beacon Press: Thomas Lee Hayes to Richard Fernandez, Clergy and Laity Concerned Records, Swarthmore College Peace Collection, Swarthmore, PA. Seymour Hersh published the first account: Seymour M. Hersh, “Lieutenant Accused of Murdering 109 Civilians,” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, November 13, 1969. “We were told to make use of electrical radio equipment”: Mark Lane, Conversations with Americans (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1970), pp. 27–28. Dagens Nyheter observed Chuck at a press conference: “Song My var ingen enstaka händelse” [Song My was not an isolated event], Dagens Nyheter, December 8, 1969.

He had spent much of the previous year living in a commune in Primrose Hill, North London, under the supervision of David Cooper, a therapist who advocated the disarticulation of the family and the establishment of new social groups through bed therapy—“going to bed with the girl or guy—or child—you are most interested in.” These two documents bore the mark of the CIA operation that brought them into being: a project whose existence was known to only a handful of intelligence officers, secretarial staff, and government officials. The investigative journalist Seymour Hersh was the first beyond this circle to discover its existence. He observed its effects but could not name it, like an astronomer who suspects the presence of a black hole after noticing the distortion of the starlight. His sources told him about wiretaps and break-ins, about CIA infiltrators in anti-war organizations at home and abroad.

When Nixon emerged victorious, Gregory denounced the process as corrupt and had himself and Lane sworn in as America’s president and vice president in exile. Lane arrived in Stockholm just as one of the great, grim news stories of the Vietnam War was breaking: the My Lai massacre, in which hundreds of unarmed Vietnamese civilians were murdered by U.S. soldiers in March 1968. The investigative reporter Seymour Hersh published the first account of this incident on November 12, 1969. As the world recoiled in horror, Lane hunted for similar stories among the deserters. The result was Conversations with Americans, one of the most incendiary books of the Vietnam period. It is a collection of interviews, the first of which is with a Stockholm deserter who talks about his experiences as a member of an elite marine long-range patrol unit.


What We Say Goes: Conversations on U.S. Power in a Changing World by Noam Chomsky, David Barsamian

banking crisis, British Empire, Doomsday Clock, failed state, feminist movement, Howard Zinn, informal economy, liberation theology, mass immigration, microcredit, Mikhail Gorbachev, Monroe Doctrine, oil shale / tar sands, peak oil, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, Thomas L Friedman, union organizing, Upton Sinclair, uranium enrichment, Washington Consensus

Newswire, “First Public Opinion Poll in Iran’s Neighboring Countries Reveals Startling Findings on Possibility of Iranian Nuclear Arms,” 12 June 2006. 27 Noam Chomsky, On Power and Ideology: The Managua Lectures (Boston: South End, 1987), p. 127. 28 Seymour Hersh reports: “The Pentagon has established covert relationships with Kurdish, Azeri, and Baluchi tribesmen, and has encouraged their efforts to undermine the regime’s authority in northern and southeastern Iran.” See Seymour Hersh, “The Next Act,” New Yorker, 27 November 2006, p. 98. 29 Steve Inskeep, “A Key Critic’s Problem with Jimmy Carter’s Book,” Morning Edition, NPR, 26 January 2007. 30 UN Security Council Resolution 497 (17 December 1981). 31 For discussion, see Chomsky, Failed States, p. 45. 32 Renée Montagne, “Longtime Jerusalem Mayor Teddy Kollek Dies at 95,” Morning Edition, NPR, 2 January 2007. 33 For discussion, see Noam Chomsky, World Orders Old and New, rev. ed.

And the United States provides them to Israel in massive numbers precisely to permit aggression. So it’s a U.S.-Israeli invasion. The United States also vetoed a call for a cease-fire in the United Nations and then blocked a cease-fire for weeks.19 So the United States has direct participation in this invasion, as in the earlier ones. Seymour Hersh wrote an article in the New Yorker called “Watching Lebanon: Washington’s Interests in Israel’s War.” The Bush administration, he asserts, “was closely involved in the planning of Israel’s retaliatory attacks.”20 What do you think of Hersh’s reporting? He’s a terrific reporter, and I’m sure he’s reporting exactly what was told to him.

Vetoes Criticism of Israel,” New York Times, 14 July 2006. Later on John Bolton, then U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, told the BBC he was “damned proud of what we did” to block an earlier cease-fire. BBC, “Bolton Admits Lebanon Truce Block,” 22 March 2007, online at http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6479377.stm. 20 Seymour M. Hersh, “Watching Lebanon: Washington’s Interests in Israel’s War,” New Yorker, 21 August 2006, p. 28. 21 Tanya Reinhart, Israel/Palestine: How to End the War of 1948, rev. ed. (New York: Seven Stories Press/Open Media, 2004), p. 83. 22 In 2007, Tanya Reinhart died, aged sixty-three. See Noam Chomsky, “In Memory of Tanya Reinhart,” 18 March 2007, online at http://www.chomsky.info/articles/20070318.htm. 23 Uri Avnery, “What a Wonderful Israeli Plan,” Palestine Chronicle, 9 June 2006, online at http://www.palestinechronicle.com/story-06090613735.htm . 24 Siddharth Varadarajan, “A Defeat for Israel, but Also for Justice,” Hindu (India), 14 August 2006, online at http://www.thehindu.com/2006/08/14/stories/2006081404201100.htm. 25 Alan Dershowitz, “Lebanon Is Not a Victim,” Huffington Post, 7 August 2006, online at http://www.huffingtonpost.com/alandershowitz/lebanon-is-not-a-victim_b_26715.html. 26 See, for example, Eugene Robinson, “It’s Disproportionate … ,” Washington Post, 25 July 2006. 27 Kennan quoted in Walter LaFeber, Inevitable Revolutions: The United States in Central America, rev. ed.


pages: 241 words: 64,424

Project Azorian: The CIA and the Raising of the K-129 by Norman Polmar, Michael White

cuban missile crisis, disinformation, Maui Hawaii, Seymour Hersh

At 1921 [7:21 PM] local time, during the final light of the evening twilight, the vault, now completely flooded, was released into a calm sea and fell free to the ocean floor. The Glomar Explorer had come to a halt and the burial procedures took place approximately 90 nautical miles southwest of the island of Hawaii, at latitude 18°29’N and longitude 157°34’W. The respectful handling of the remains of those sailors from the K-129 was disputed by some. Seymour Hersh, writing in The New York Times in late 1976, declared,Many crew members, in direct violation of C.I.A. orders, quickly stripped the bodies and the submarine of souvenirs and items of value—rings, watches, coins and bracelets, according to the Collier brothers [who were on board the Glomar Explorer].9 That report, however, is the opposite of what many other crewmen have told the authors of this book, and is contradicted by the careful packaging and logging of such items by technicians on board the Glomar Explorer.

Immediately, William Colby, the Director of Central Intelligence, contacted the paper and asked that the story be killed. The story was not killed, but was pushed to a less-prominent location—page 18—in the next day’s edition, and was then dropped altogether. Phelan, who had long tracked Howard Hughes–related happenings, also learned some of the inside story. He had contacted Seymour Hersh of The New York Times. Hersh, a Pulitzer Prize–winning investigative reporter, was concentrating on the Watergate story, but the reports of a clandestine “snatch” of a Soviet submarine got his interest. Tapping various sources, he uncovered the cover-story code name “Jennifer.” He then “dropped” the name whenever he could talk with his Navy or CIA contacts.

THE BOUNTY 1 CIA, “Project Azorian,” p. 46. 2 Henry Kissinger, Years of Renewal (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1999), p. 38. 3 Charlie Johnson interview with Michael White, June 9, 2007, Houston, Texas. 4 CIA, “Project Azorian,” p. 46. 5 Feldman interview with Michael White, December 7, 2006. 6 Feldman interview with Michael White, December 9, 2006. 7 Feldman interview with Michael White, December 8, 2006. 8 William E. Colby, ABC television, 1993. 9 Seymour M. Hersh, “Human Error Blamed in 1974 Failure of Glomar Explorer to Retrieve Soviet Submarine,” The New York Times (December 9, 1976), p. 1. Wayne Collier subsequently coauthored, with Roy Varner, A Matter of Risk: The Incredible Inside Story of the CIA’s Hughes Glomar Explorer Mission to Raise a Russian Submarine (New York: Random House, 1978). 10 In his autobiography, Gates tells of making the presentation to Yeltsin, but gives no indication of the Russian president’s reaction.


pages: 335 words: 82,528

A Theory of the Drone by Gregoire Chamayou

drone strike, failed state, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, moral hazard, Necker cube, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, private military company, RAND corporation, Seymour Hersh, telepresence, Yom Kippur War

“We are obviously not well organized at the present time.”8 In the early 2000s, the U.S. military apparatus was not yet ready to roll out on a worldwide scale the sort of missions that normally are assigned to the police within a domestic framework: namely, the identification, tracking, location, and capture (but in actual fact the physical elimination) of suspect individuals. Within the United States, not all the high-ranking officers who were informed of these plans greeted them with enthusiasm. At the time, journalist Seymour Hersh noted that many feared that the proposed type of operation—what one advisor to the Pentagon called “preemptive manhunting”—had the potential to turn into another Phoenix Program, the sinister secret program of murder and torture that had once been unleashed in Vietnam.9 Of course, there was the additional problem of how to legally justify these hybrid operations, the enfants terribles of the police and the army.

Second, a drone deprives the violent subject of any visible or reflexive contact with his own violence, so if an armed subject can seize upon his own essence only by means of reciprocity, what happens when the weapon itself rules out the possibility of such a relationship? The answer: “They want to turn these guys into assassins.” This was, according to journalist Seymour Hersh, the heartfelt response of one high-ranking officer to the announcement of the plans that defense secretary Donald Rumsfeld had for the U.S. armed forces in the aftermath of 9/11.2 “The attacked State is allowed to use any means of defense,” wrote Kant in the Doctrine of Right, “except those whose use would render its subjects unfit to be citizens. . . .

On the Israeli strategy of targeted assassination and its excesses, see also Ariel Colonomos, “Les assassinats ciblés: la chasse à l’homme” in Le Pari de la guerre—guerre préventive, guerre juste? (Paris: Denoël, 2009), 202–40. 7. Weizman, “Thanatotactics.” 8. Rowan Scarborough, Rumsfeld’s War: The Untold Story of America’s Antiterrorist Commander (Washington: Regnery, 2004), 20. 9. Seymour Hersh, “Manhunt,” New Yorker, December 23, 2002. 10. See Steven Marks, Thomas Meer, and Matthew Nilson, “Manhunting: A Methodology for Finding Persons of National Interest,” thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, June 2005, 19. 11. Kenneth H. Poole, “Foreword,” in George A. Crawford, Manhunting: Counter-Network Organization for Irregular Warfare, Joint Special Operations University Report, September 2009, vii. 12.


pages: 158 words: 46,353

Future War: Preparing for the New Global Battlefield by Robert H. Latiff

Asilomar, Asilomar Conference on Recombinant DNA, autonomous vehicles, Berlin Wall, cyber-physical system, Danny Hillis, defense in depth, drone strike, Elon Musk, failed state, friendly fire, Howard Zinn, Internet of things, low earth orbit, Nicholas Carr, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, self-driving car, Seymour Hersh, South China Sea, Stephen Hawking, Stewart Brand, Stuxnet, Wall-E

These may seem like quaint notions: Theodor Meron, Bloody Constraint: War and Chivalry in Shakespeare (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998), 118. The case of Lieutenant Calley: Seymour Hersh, “Lieutenant Accused of Murdering 109 Civilians,” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, November 13, 1969. See also Tom Ricks, The Generals: American Military Command from World War II to Today (New York: Penguin, 2012). World War II general Curtis LeMay: Michael Sherry, The Rise of American Air Power: The Creation of Armageddon (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1989), 287. As Iraqi forces were on the run: Seymour Hersh, “Overwhelming Force: What Happened in the Final Days of the Gulf War?,” The New Yorker, May 15, 2000.

The command climate established by a military leader has a huge effect on the behavior of deployed troops. In 1968, in the South Vietnamese village of My Lai, Lieutenant William Calley and his men systematically gunned down over one hundred villagers, including women and children. The case of Lieutenant Calley and the massacre at My Lai, originally reported by investigative reporter Seymour Hersh, is well known, as is the command climate of obfuscation and deceitfulness all the way to the top. In 2003, U.S. soldiers engaged in torture and murdered prisoners in Iraq, seriously, perhaps permanently, damaging the standing and reputation of U.S. forces there. The entire chain of command, from General Ricardo Sanchez, the commander of the Iraqi task force, to Brigadier General Janis Karpinski, commander of the military police unit running Abu Ghraib prison, near Baghdad, was clueless and uninterested.


The Oil Kings: How the U.S., Iran, and Saudi Arabia Changed the Balance of Power in the Middle East by Andrew Scott Cooper

addicted to oil, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, banking crisis, Boycotts of Israel, energy security, falling living standards, friendly fire, full employment, interchangeable parts, Kickstarter, land reform, MITM: man-in-the-middle, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, peak oil, Ponzi scheme, Post-Keynesian economics, RAND corporation, rising living standards, Robert Bork, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, strikebreaker, unbiased observer, uranium enrichment, urban planning, Yom Kippur War

Clarity, “Iran’s Flood of Oil Money Aggravates Her Inflation,” New York Times, October 7, 1974. 213 a rash on his face: Alam, 386. 213 not responded to the French doctors’ diagnosis: Farah Pahlavi, An Enduring Love: My Life with the Shah (New York: Miramax, 2004), 251. 213 “Medically, the patient was still in excellent shape”: Farah Pahlavi, An Enduring Love, 252. 213 “a very painful exercise”: Alam, 388. 213 $500 million project: Seymour Hersh, “Iran Signs Rockwell Deal for Persian Gulf Spy Base,” New York Times, June 1, 1975. 214 According to one of the few published reports: Seymour Hersh of The New York Times and Bob Woodward of The Washington Post provided the most detailed accounts of Ibex and the tensions it generated within the U.S. government and between the United States and Iran. Two articles by Christian Science Monitor reporters provide additional helpful insights. See Harry B. Ellis, “Behind ‘Listening Post’ Deal Closer U.S.-Iran Relations,” Christian Science Monitor, June 5, 1975; Seymour Hersh, “Iran Signs Rockwell Deal for Persian Gulf Spy Base,” New York Times, June 1, 1975; Dev Muraka, “Growing U.S.

This unprecedented breach in security protocol sent shock waves through the American intelligence community. One former NSA employee declared himself “amazed” that the Ford administration would allow its own intelligence specialists to put their skills to work for a foreign government. “We can’t say who the Shah’s targets would be,” one unidentified official told New York Times reporter Seymour Hersh. “We have to assume that among the people intercepted would be Americans—those working for the Mil [military advisory] Groups in Iran and elsewhere in the Persian Gulf.” He pointed out that Ibex might one day be used to spy on Israel “and even used by the Iranian secret police, SAVAK, to help locate dissidents inside the country and for other internal security functions.”

Ties to Iran Irk Kremlin,” Christian Science Monitor, June 5, 1975; and Bob Woodward, “IBEX: Deadly Symbol of U.S. Arms Sales Problems,” Washington Post, January 2, 1977. 214 eleven ground monitoring posts: Bob Woodward, “IBEX: Deadly Symbol of U.S. Arms Sales Problems,” Washington Post, January 2, 1977. 214 fifteen CIA employees: Ibid. 214 $50 million contract: Seymour Hersh, “Iran Signs Rockwell Deal for Persian Gulf Spy Base,” New York Times, June 1, 1975. 214 the bidders were cautioned by the CIA: Bob Woodward, “IBEX: Deadly Symbol of U.S. Arms Sales Problems,” Washington Post, January 2, 1977. 214 Rockwell hired Universal Aero Services Co. Ltd.: Ibid. 214 “the necessary marketing services”: Ibid. 214 On February 17, 1975: Ibid. 214 When he visited Andrews Air Force Base: “Shah Visits Air Base and then Meets Schlesinger,” New York Times, May 17, 1975. 214 Toufanian, no stranger to intrigue: For a comprehensive biography of General Toufanian’s life, see Abbas Milani, Eminent Persians: The Men and Women Who Made Modern Iran, 1941–79, Vol. 1 (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2008), 490–94. 215 liable for the grand sum of $4,526,758: Bob Woodward, “IBEX: Deadly Symbol of U.S.


pages: 1,351 words: 404,177

Nixonland: The Rise of a President and the Fracturing of America by Rick Perlstein

affirmative action, Alistair Cooke, American ideology, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, Bretton Woods, cognitive dissonance, cuban missile crisis, delayed gratification, desegregation, East Village, European colonialism, full employment, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, Herbert Marcuse, immigration reform, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, index card, indoor plumbing, Joan Didion, Kitchen Debate, liberal capitalism, Mahatma Gandhi, Marshall McLuhan, Monroe Doctrine, moral panic, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, Own Your Own Home, Paul Samuelson, Plutocrats, plutocrats, price mechanism, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, Seymour Hersh, the medium is the message, traveling salesman, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, walking around money, War on Poverty, white picket fence, Whole Earth Catalog

McCarthy and Lord Fauntleroy: Time, March 22, 1968. LBJ to National Farm Union: PPP 142, March 18, 1968; Shesol, Mutual Contempt, 427. For day-by-day listing of Vietnam deaths, see http://www.viethero.us/Wall/panel.htm. Perhaps eager for good news: Seymour Hersh, My Lai 4: A Report on the Massacre and Its Aftermath (New York: Random House, 1970), 79. The official brigade report: Ibid., 92–102. Richard Goodwin and Seymour Hersh: Shadegg, Winning’s a Lot More Fun, 143. Nelson Rockefeller after RFK entrance: Ibid., 140; Chester, Page, and Hodgson, American Melodrama, 221. He had a press conference scheduled: Jules Witcover, White Knight: The Rise of Spiro Agnew (New York: Random House, 1972), 3, 198; Chester, Page, and Hodgson, American Melodrama, 221.

As American bombers began raining savage reprisals on Buddhist temples in Hue, JFK’s legendary speechwriter Richard Goodwin presented himself as a volunteer at McCarthy headquarters. “With these two typewriters,” he told the McCarthy campaign’s press secretary, an intense young Chicagoan named Seymour Hersh, “we’re going to overthrow the government.” He did not say, significantly, “We’re going to elect Gene McCarthy.” At that prospect, many Dump Johnson volunteers were indifferent, even hostile. Some thought Kennedy had set up McCarthy as a “stalking horse”—the steed who ran at the front of the pack to tire the competition while the favorite hung back staying fresh until it was time to make his move.

While the two companies of United States soldiers moved in on the enemy force from opposite sides, heavy artillery barrages and armed helicopters were called in to pound the North Vietnamese soldiers.” The official brigade report on which the dispatch was based quoted one Lieutenant Colonel Frank Barker: “The combat assault went like clockwork. We had two entire companies on the ground in less than an hour.” Richard Goodwin quit the McCarthy campaign to join Kennedy’s. Seymour Hersh, a fierce moralist, was almost ready to quit McCarthy in disgust at all the opportunism in Democratic politics and go back to his previous trade—investigative journalism. Ferment on the Republican side. Liberal Republicans took out newspaper ads begging Nelson Rockefeller to announce. Pundits such as Walter Lippmann and James Reston said he was the GOP’s only hope.


pages: 1,330 words: 372,940

Kissinger: A Biography by Walter Isaacson

Berlin Wall, Charles Lindbergh, cuban missile crisis, Deng Xiaoping, Great Grain Robbery, haute couture, index card, Khyber Pass, long peace, Mikhail Gorbachev, Monroe Doctrine, Norman Mailer, oil shock, out of africa, RAND corporation, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, Socratic dialogue, Yom Kippur War

He also implied that he was privy to inside information about the negotiations, which was in keeping with the conspiratorial streak in his character. The question is whether he actually had secret knowledge about the Paris talks that he improperly provided to the Nixon camp. That charge is most forcefully made in Seymour Hersh’s The Price of Power, which relies heavily on accusations made by Richard Allen. The story that Allen told Hersh, and later expanded on in interviews for this book, was that he was working in his office at Nixon’s national headquarters in Manhattan one morning in early September when he got an unsolicited call from Kissinger.

Their boss Ben Bradlee had gone home for the evening, but he soon gave them a call. Simons put him on the speakerphone. In a mock German accent, the irrepressible Bradlee reported that “I just got a call from Henry. He’s mad.” Simons decided to hold the story for a day or so.5 By then it was too late for the Post. The New York Times’s Seymour Hersh also had the information. His source was William Sullivan, the FBI’s number-three man. Eager to become FBI director, he had sent Kissinger a memo describing what he knew about the wiretapping—a heavy-handed attempt to enlist his support. It almost worked: Haig passed along to incoming attorney general Elliot Richardson the recommendation that he appoint Sullivan.

Even though he had repeatedly bad-mouthed Kissinger while serving as his deputy, Haig respected Kissinger’s genius as a steward of foreign policy; now that he was the White House staff chief attempting to maintain some stability amid the swirl of Watergate, Haig began calling journalists and describing Kissinger as “a national asset” who did not deserve to be tarnished by the wiretapping story. “Some reporters have a commitment to destroy,” he complained to friendly journalists. He warned Hersh that the story he was writing might cause Kissinger to resign. “You’re Jewish, aren’t you, Seymour?” Haig asked. Hersh said he was. “Let me ask you one question, then,” Haig continued. “Do you honestly believe that Henry Kissinger, a Jewish refugee from Germany who lost thirteen members of his family to the Nazis, could engage in such police-state tactics as wiretapping his own aides? If there’s any doubt, you owe it to yourself, your beliefs, and your nation to give us one day to prove that your story is wrong.”


pages: 1,117 words: 305,620

Dirty Wars: The World Is a Battlefield by Jeremy Scahill

active measures, air freight, Andy Carvin, anti-communist, blood diamonds, business climate, citizen journalism, colonial rule, crowdsourcing, disinformation, Donald Trump, drone strike, failed state, friendly fire, Google Hangouts, independent contractor, indoor plumbing, Islamic Golden Age, Kickstarter, land reform, Mohammed Bouazizi, Naomi Klein, private military company, Project for a New American Century, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Seymour Hersh, WikiLeaks

The committee also investigated the involvement of the United States in the overthrow and eventual death of Chile’s democratically elected socialist president Salvador Allende in 1973, though Ford invoked executive privilege and stymied the probe. At one point during the Church investigations, Cheney attempted to compel the FBI to investigate famed investigative journalist Seymour Hersh and to seek an indictment against him and the New York Times for espionage in retaliation for Hersh’s exposé on illegal domestic spying by the CIA. The aim was to frighten other journalists from exposing secret controversial actions by the White House. The FBI rebuffed Cheney’s requests to go after Hersh.

One senior military commander said bluntly that “the intelligence wasn’t good enough to allow us to have a campaign like that.” Rumsfeld and his deputies reportedly ridiculed the commanders, particularly General Holland, for what they saw as excessive caution. A Pentagon adviser who worked closely with Rumsfeld at the time told the investigative journalist Seymour Hersh that Rumsfeld and his team were convinced that “there [were] few four-stars leaning forward in the Special Operations Command,” and that more “fighting generals” were needed, and further, the high-ranking military officers who came up during the Clinton years would need to be “reassessed.” More to Rumsfeld’s liking was General Wayne Downing, who had been called out of retirement after 9/11 to serve as deputy national security adviser and coordinate the US campaign targeting terrorist networks and “those who support them.”

With only some two hundred people read into the Special Access Program (SAP), the highly classified program put Stephen Cambone’s private intel shop in the Pentagon on steroids. “They weren’t getting anything substantive from the detainees in Iraq” early on in the invasion, a former senior intelligence official told Seymour Hersh. “No names. Nothing that they could hang their hat on. Cambone says, ‘I’ve got to crack this thing and I’m tired of working through the normal chain of command. I’ve got this apparatus set up—the black special-access program—and I’m going in hot.’ So he pulls the switch, and the electricity begins flowing.”


pages: 316 words: 91,969

Gray Lady Down: What the Decline and Fall of the New York Times Means for America by William McGowan

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, corporate governance, David Brooks, different worldview, disinformation, East Village, friendly fire, haute couture, illegal immigration, immigration reform, liberation theology, medical residency, New Journalism, obamacare, payday loans, postnationalism / post nation state, pre–internet, Seymour Hersh, uranium enrichment, yellow journalism, young professional

During the late spring of 2003, various news organizations such as Time and the Washington Post began to write critically of the government’s claims about WMDs. The Wall Street Journal wrote about the pressure mounting in Washington for an investigation into how prewar intelligence had run so far off the rails. In the New Yorker, Seymour Hersh, relying on mostly anonymous government sources, described how a special unit set up in the Pentagon had disposed of intelligence that didn’t live up to their ideological expectations. At first, the Times ignored these second-guessings. But a lengthy New York Review of Books piece in February 2004 by Michael Massing criticized the performance of the Times in the run-up to the war as “especially deficient.”

Last weekend that flashback was to 1969. It was in June 1969 that Life magazine ran its cover story “The Faces of the American Dead in Vietnam: One Week’s Toll,” the acknowledged prototype for Ted Koppel’s photographic roll-call of the American dead in Iraq on “Nightline.” It was in November 1969 that a little-known reporter, Seymour Hersh, broke the story of the 1968 massacre at My Lai, the horrific scoop that has now found its match 35 years later in Mr. Hersh’s New Yorker revelation of a 53-page Army report detailing “numerous instances of ‘sadistic, blatant and wanton criminal abuses’ at Abu Ghraib.” Vietnam was the prism through which the Times saw the Iraqi elections in January 2005, noting that the elections that had taken place in South Vietnam in 1967—which it implied were similar—had been an empty sham.

The abuses there were serious, representing a corrosion of military discipline and a propaganda coup for America’s enemies, who saw pictures of Iraqi detainees on leashes, with women’s underwear on their heads, stacked naked on top of each other, or standing on a box while “wired” to simulate imminent electrocution. Frank Rich characterized Abu Ghraib as the equivalent of My Lai—even though Seymour Hersh, who broke both stories, said it didn’t come close. The main problem with the Times’ coverage was overkill, making Abu Ghraib a metaphor for the whole of a complex enterprise. After the photographs were discovered and Hersh’s exposé was published in the New Yorker, at least fifty-three reports on Abu Ghraib appeared on the front page of the Times.


pages: 277 words: 70,506

We Are Bellingcat: Global Crime, Online Sleuths, and the Bold Future of News by Eliot Higgins

4chan, active measures, Andy Carvin, anti-communist, anti-globalists, barriers to entry, bitcoin, blockchain, citizen journalism, Columbine, coronavirus, Covid-19, COVID-19, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, disinformation, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, failed state, Google Earth, hive mind, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, lateral thinking, pattern recognition, rolodex, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, Skype, Tactical Technology Collective, the scientific method, WikiLeaks

However, the YouTube videos in question were marked with the time where the servers were located, in California, which is ten hours behind Syria. Next, Russia began citing a nun called Mother Agnes who had previously allied herself with the Assad regime by blaming the opposition for the Houla massacre.113 When I heard that the legendary reporter Seymour Hersh had published a major article on the Ghouta attacks in the London Review of Books114 in December 2013, I read it eagerly. I had first come across the Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist’s work as a teenager, when in awe of the investigative journalists who exposed American foreign-policy misdeeds.

Chivers and Eric Schmitt, www.nytimes.com/images/2013/02/26/nytfrontpage/scan.jpg 88 www.nytimes.com/2013/02/26/world/middleeast/in-shift-saudis-are-said-to-arm-rebels-in-syria.html 89 www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmhansrd/cm130304/debtext/130304-0001.htm#1303049000716 90 www.theguardian.com/world/2013/mar/21/frontroom-blogger-analyses-weapons-syria-frontline 91 www.indiegogo.com/projects/the-brown-moses-blog#/ 92 www.vdc-sy.info/index.php/en/martyrs/1/c29ydGJ5PWEua2lsbGVkX2RhdGV8c29ydGRpcj1ERVNDfGFwcHJvdmVkPXZpc2libGV8ZXh0cmFkaXNwbGF5PTB8Y29kTXVsdGk9MTV8dGhpc0RhdGU9MjAxMy0wOC0yMXw= https://www.msf.org/syria-thousands-suffering-neurotoxic-symptoms-treated-hospitals-supported-msf 93 obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2012/08/20/remarks-president-white-house-press-corps 94 www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/Timeline-of-Syrian-Chemical-Weapons-Activity 95 www.chathamhouse.org/sites/default/files/field/field_document/INTA91_5_11_Strong_0.pdf 96 obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2013/08/30/government-assessment-syrian-government-s-use-chemical-weapons-august-21 97 firstdraftnews.org/piecing-together-open-source-evidence-from-the-sarin-attacks/ 98 brown-moses.blogspot.com/2013/08/finding-exact-location-of-alleged.html 99 brown-moses.blogspot.com/2013/08/were-un-inspectors-examining-chemical.html 100 www.bellingcat.com/news/mena/2014/07/17/august-21st-the-rebels-did-it/ 101 www.buzzfeednews.com/article/rosiegray/the-inside-story-of-one-websites-defense-of-assad#.xqRAzld18 102 brown-moses.blogspot.com/2013/09/chemical-weapons-specialists-on-claims.html 103 brown-moses.blogspot.com/2013/08/diy-weapon-linked-to-alleged-chemical.html 104 brown-moses.blogspot.com/2013/09/why-un-report-on-chemical-weapons-in.html 105 www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-23876085 106 www.un.org/disarmament/content/slideshow/Secretary_General_Report_of_CW_Investigation.pdf 107 www.bellingcat.com/news/mena/2014/07/15/identifying-government-positions-during-the-august-21st-sarin-attacks/ 108 Google Earth later updated its satellite imagery of the area, adding pictures of 24 August 2013, which showed tanks and checkpoints that matched my investigation of the videos, adding further confirmation of what I’d found. 109 www.nytimes.com/2013/09/17/world/europe/syria-united-nations.html 110 web.archive.org/web/20140122001133/http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2013/09/17/324436/5-lies-invented-to-spin-un-report-on-syria/ 111 brown-moses.blogspot.com/2013/09/videos-claim-to-show-jabhat-al-nusra.html 112 brown-moses.blogspot.com/2013/09/statement-on-russia-todays-use-of-my.html 113 brown-moses.blogspot.com/2013/10/making-sense-of-russias-evolving.html www.bellingcat.com/news/mena/2014/07/17/august-21st-the-rebels-did-it/ 114 www.lrb.co.uk/the-paper/v35/n24/seymour-m.-hersh/whose-sarin 115 www.newyorker.com/magazine/2013/11/25/rocket-man-2 116 ict4peace.org/activities/google-ideas-conflict-in-a-connected-world-summit-strengthening-digital-security-of-activists/ www.youtube.com/watch?v=qbWhcWizSFY 117 camp2013.tacticaltech.org/content/track-summaries 118 www.icfj.org/our-work/knight/profiles/paul-radu www.occrp.org/staff 119 www.pri.org/stories/2016-06-02/panama-papers-pirates-and-argument-how-some-data-leaks-can-make-world-betteren.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sm%C3%A1ri_McCarthy 120 exposingtheinvisible.org/films/sketch/lydia-medland-from-freedom-of/ www.bristol.ac.uk/spais/people/person/lydia-k-medland/ 121 www.webcitation.org/6CViaUTn5?

v=pSriotY_7uA 19 twitter.com/Partisangirl/status/372811564728217601 20 twitter.com/Partisangirl/status/372812134230806528 21 www.bellingcat.com/news/mena/2018/04/13/doumafakenews/ 22 www.bellingcat.com/news/mena/2018/12/18/chemical-weapons-and-absurdity-the-disinformation-campaign-against-the-white-helmets/ 23 faculty.washington.edu/kstarbi/Alt_Narratives_ICWSM17-CameraReady.pdf 24 www.nybooks.com/daily/2018/10/16/why-assad-and-russia-target-the-white-helmets/ 25 thewallwillfall.org/about/ 26 www.rt.com/op-ed/449431-syria-white-helmets-organ-traders/ 27 21stcenturywire.com/2019/01/24/white-helmets-organ-traffickers-child-kidnappersthieves-terrorists-propagandists-or-saints/ 28 www.globalresearch.ca/white-helmets-alleged-organ-traders-child-kidnappers-condemned-condoned/5666222 29 medium.com/@katestarbird/content-sharing-within-the-alternative-media-echo-system-the-case-of-the-white-helmets-f34434325e77 30 www.fastcompany.com/40540411/erasing-history-youtubes-deletion-of-syria-war-videos-concerns-human-rights-groups www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/05/facebook-algorithms-are-making-it-harder/588931/www.buzzfeednews.com/article/meghara/facebook-youtube-icc-war-crimes 31 www.niemanlab.org/2019/07/full-fact-has-been-fact-checking-facebook-posts-for-six-months-heres-what-they-think-needs-to-change/ 32 www.niemanlab.org/2019/02/it-doesnt-seem-like-were-striving-to-make-third-party-fact-checking-more-practical-for-publishers-it-seems-like-were-striving-to-make-it-easier-for-facebook/ 33 www.gppi.net/media/GPPi_Schneider_Luetkefend_2019_Nowhere_to_Hide_Web.pdf 34 www.scmp.com/news/world/middle-east/article/2160348/secret-app-known-sentry-gives-syrian-civilians-minutes-escape 35 www.thetimes.co.uk/article/pilot-of-sarin-gas-jet-flew-in-previous-chemical-attack-3pn62d3xw 36 www.bellingcat.com/news/mena/2017/07/04/opcw-just-trashed-seymour-hershs-khan-sheikhoun-conspiracy-theory/ www.bellingcat.com/news/mena/2017/07/04/summary-claims-surrounding-khan-sheikhoun-chemical-attack/ 37 www.bellingcat.com/news/mena/2018/05/01/lethality-chlorine-gas-possible-explanation-high-casualties-deaths-following-april-7-2018-attacks-douma-syria/ 38 syriapropagandamedia.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Engineering-assessment-of-two-cylinders-observed-at-the-Douma-incident-27-February-2019-1.pdf 39 syriapropagandamedia.org/ 40 hitchensblog.mailonsunday.co.uk/2019/05/strange-news-from-the-opcw-in-the-hague-.html 41 hitchensblog.mailonsunday.co.uk/2010/02/can-bears-turn-into-whales.htmlhitchensblog.mailonsunday.co.uk/2013/02/can-bears-turn-into-whales-part-two-charles-darwin-revisited.html 42 www.independent.co.uk/voices/douma-syria-opcw-chemical-weapons-chlorine-gas-video-conspiracy-theory-russia-a8927116.html 43 wikileaks.org/opcw-douma/releases/ www.counterpunch.org/2019/11/15/the-opcw-and-douma-chemical-weapons-watchdog-accused-of-evidence-tampering-by-its-own-inspectors/ 44 www.bellingcat.com/news/mena/2019/12/12/chlorines-unique-fingerprints-the-april-7-2018-douma-incident-through-a-chemistry-lens/ 45 www.rt.com/news/476137-newsweek-bellingcat-opcw-leak-reuters/ 46 www.opcw.org/media-centre/news/2020/02/opcw-independent-investigation-possible-breaches-confidentiality-report 47 twitter.com/zdroberts/status/896519908795854848 48 twitter.com/shaunking/status/896831149019992065 49 www.politico.com/gallery/2017/08/12/photos-charlottesville-white-nationalist-rally-002467?


pages: 270 words: 79,992

The End of Big: How the Internet Makes David the New Goliath by Nicco Mele

4chan, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, Airbnb, Amazon Web Services, Andy Carvin, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, big-box store, bitcoin, business climate, call centre, Cass Sunstein, centralized clearinghouse, Chelsea Manning, citizen journalism, cloud computing, collaborative consumption, collaborative editing, commoditize, creative destruction, crony capitalism, cross-subsidies, crowdsourcing, David Brooks, death of newspapers, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, en.wikipedia.org, Exxon Valdez, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Filter Bubble, Firefox, global supply chain, Google Chrome, Gordon Gekko, Hacker Ethic, Ian Bogost, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, John Markoff, Julian Assange, Kevin Kelly, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, Lean Startup, Mark Zuckerberg, minimum viable product, Mitch Kapor, Mohammed Bouazizi, Mother of all demos, Narrative Science, new economy, Occupy movement, old-boy network, peer-to-peer, period drama, Peter Thiel, pirate software, publication bias, Robert Metcalfe, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Seymour Hersh, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Skype, social web, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, Stuxnet, Ted Nelson, Telecommunications Act of 1996, telemarketer, The Wisdom of Crowds, transaction costs, uranium enrichment, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks, Zipcar

“We knew fairly confidently that the mechanism had been somebody going to a kiosk and doing something they shouldn’t have as opposed to somebody who had been able to get inside the network,” one former official said.23 While the perpetrator of the digital listening operation is still not known—was it another country, organized crime, terrorists, renegade hackers?—Seymour Hersh reported in the New Yorker that the U.S. military’s response was to order rubber cement plastered over USB ports on government-issued computers.24 This response seems primitive, to put it lightly. Some reporters have subsequently linked this episode to the formation of the U.S. Cyber Command, which has itself been criticized for lacking a clear and coherent vision for national security in the digital age.25 Even more terrifying, the national security establishment has responded in part by trying to assert more control over the everyday online activity of all American citizens.

Cyber Command, which has itself been criticized for lacking a clear and coherent vision for national security in the digital age.25 Even more terrifying, the national security establishment has responded in part by trying to assert more control over the everyday online activity of all American citizens. If every fifteen-year-old with a laptop and an Internet connection is a threat, then we need to treat them like threats, or so goes the thinking. General Keith Alexander, the head of the U.S. Cyber Command and the director of the National Security Agency, is quoted by Seymour Hersh complaining about how he is constrained by U.S. government law from spying on citizens: “[General Alexander] has done little to reassure critics about the N.S.A.’s growing role. In the public portion of his confirmation hearing, in April, before the Senate Armed Services Committee, he complained of a ‘mismatch between our technical capabilities to conduct operations and the governing laws and policies.’”

Qtd. in http://mediacdn.reuters.com/media/us/editorial/reuters-magazine/reuters-aspen-2012.pdf 16. http://news.cnet.com/8301-31921_3-20062755-281.html 17. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-09-09/terrorism-after-bin-laden-seeks-smaller-targets.html 18. http://gizmodo.com/5927379/the-secret-online-weapons-store-thatll-sell-anyone-anything 19. http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/05/23/us-arms-navies-smallships-idUSBRE84M0PW20120523 20. http://www.armytimes.com/legacy/new/0-292925-1060102.php 21. http://krebsonsecurity.com/2011/01/ready-for-cyberwar/ 22. http://www.brookings.edu/research/articles/2011/08/15-cybersecurity-singer-shachtman 23. http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/national-security/cyber-intruder-sparks-response-debate/2011/12/06/gIQAxLuFgO_print.html 24. Seymour Hersh, “The Online Threat: Should We Be Worried about a Cyber War?,” The New Yorker, November 1, 2010; http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2010/11/01/101101fa_fact_hersh?currentPage=all. 25. Ibid. 26. http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2010/04/cyberwar-richard-clarke/ 27. www.youtube.com/watch?


Killing Hope: Us Military and Cia Interventions Since World War 2 by William Blum

anti-communist, Berlin Wall, Bolshevik threat, centre right, collective bargaining, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, currency manipulation / currency intervention, deindustrialization, disinformation, kremlinology, land reform, liberation theology, Mikhail Gorbachev, Monroe Doctrine, nuremberg principles, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, South China Sea, trickle-down economics, union organizing

Both men, as matters turned out, served as prime minister in the new government, for which diplomatic recognition was immediately forthcoming from Washington. • The United States could seemingly also rely on Sink Matak, a committed antiCommunist who had been profiled by the Pentagon's Defense Intelligence Agency as "a friend of the West and ... co-operative with U.S. officials during the 1950s."25 • Investigative journalist Seymour Hersh, in his biographic work on Kissinger, states chat Sihanouk's "immediate overthrow had been for years a high priority of the Green Berets reconnaissance units operating inside Cambodia since the late 1960s, There is also incontrovertible evidence that Lon Nol was approached by agents of American military intelligence in 1969 and asked to overthrow the Sihanouk government.

New York Times, 6 August 1954. 39. Allen Dulles, The Craft of Intelligence (New York, 1965) p.216. 40. Fortune {New York) June 1975, p. 90. 41. Love, op. cit., cited in Kwitny, p. 175. 42. Roosevelt, p. 9. 43. Jesse J. Leaf, Chief CIA analyst on Iran for five years before resigning in 1973, interviewed by Seymour Hersh in the New York Times, 7January 1979. 44. Martin Ennals, Secretary-General of Amnesty International, cited in an article by Reza Baraheni in Matchbox (Amnesty publication in New York) Fall, 1976. 45. Tully, p. 76. 46. See, e.g. Michael Klare, War Without End (New York, 1972) pp. 375, 379, 382, based on official US Government tables covering the 1950s and 1960s. 47.

Francois Ponchaud, Cambodia Year Zero, translated from the French (London, 1978) p. 186. 21. San Francisco Chronicle, 23 July 1973. 22. Ibid., 16 July 1973; Shawcross, pp. 287-90. 23. Shawcross, pp. 148-9. 24. Ibid., pp. 114-15, based on interviews with Snepp by Shawcross. 25. Ibid., p. 114. 26. Seymour M. Hersh, Kissinger: The Price of Power (London, 1983) p. 176. Hersh, in chapter 15, provides further details of the machinations between the US and Lon Nol and others indicating American foreknowledge and encouragement of the coup. 27. Shawcross, p. 122. 28. Ibid., pp. 118-19. 29. Ibid., p. 120. 30.


pages: 290 words: 75,973

The Cloudspotter's Guide by Gavin Pretor-Pinney

Albert Einstein, haute couture, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Isaac Newton, Lao Tzu, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Seymour Hersh

In the Sixties, two years after the outbreak of the Vietnam War, the Americans took the opportunity, under the veil of utmost secrecy, to try out cloud seeding in a combat environment. Pilots cut the figure ‘4’ out of a deck of supercooled cloud during Project Cirrus. ON JULY 3, 1972, the New York Times ran a front-page article by the Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Seymour Hersh, exposing a covert operation conducted by the White House and the CIA during the Vietnam War. 2 Hersh claimed that the Americans had, for the past seven years, been spraying chemicals into the clouds over Laos, Vietnam and Cambodia in order to make them rain. These were monsoon regions. During the wet season, the rain made the network of jungle paths, known as the Ho Chi Minh Trail, so muddy that they became virtually impassable.

It is impossible to say whether it was really successful in increasing rainfall, since no systematic assessment of precipitation was made after the initial test phase, which itself could not be considered to be statistically rigorous. Nevertheless, the Central Intelligence Agency later estimated that the seeding activities increased rainfall by up to 30 percent in limited areas. 6 The New York Times, July 3, 1972, published Seymour Hersh’s front-page exposé of the use of cloud seeding during the Vietnam War. Whilst the story had originally broken in a column by Jack Anderson the year before, Hersh’s front-page exposé brought it fully into the public eye. It caused an outcry, leading to awkward and embarrassing questions being asked in the US Senate about the military use of weather modification in Vietnam.


pages: 374 words: 110,238

Fall: The Mysterious Life and Death of Robert Maxwell, Britain's Most Notorious Media Baron by John Preston

accounting loophole / creative accounting, Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, computer age, Desert Island Discs, Donald Trump, Fall of the Berlin Wall, G4S, global village, intangible asset, invention of the wheel, Jeffrey Epstein, Mikhail Gorbachev, Neil Kinnock, Nelson Mandela, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, the market place

In October 1991, Davies flew to Zimbabwe to attend the Commonwealth Conference. It wasn’t expected to be a taxing assignment – a few days in a smart hotel with no need to file more than the occasional paragraph. But while he was there Davies had some unwelcome news. He learned that the American investigative writer Seymour Hersh was about to publish a book called The Samson Option, in which he claimed that both Maxwell and Davies were international gunrunners. The following day, as Davies put it, ‘all hell broke loose’. The allegations centred on his friendship with a man called Ari Ben-Menashe. A former government official in Tel Aviv, Ben-Menashe had met Davies in the early 1980s, when he passed on a number of stories about his time as a Mossad spy.

Arrested in 1989 for trying to sell three military cargo planes to Iran, Ben-Menashe spent a year in jail in California before the charges were dropped. By the time he emerged, he and Davies had fallen out; Davies claimed to have realized – belatedly – that Ben-Menashe was not on the level, or anywhere near it. In The Samson Option, Seymour Hersh wrote that the two of them, together with Maxwell, had been involved in a company which sold arms – principally to Iran. Three years earlier, Davies had apparently gone to Cleveland, Ohio, where he had met up with another arms-dealer, called Ben Kaufman, to broker a sale. At first, no newspaper would touch the story for fear of being sued for libel.

Selling the Crown Jewels Interviews Richard Charkin Anthony Cheetham Beverley Guest Tony Jackson Christine Maxwell Deborah Maxwell Ian Maxwell Anna Moon Rupert Murdoch Maggie Urry 30. Don’t You Worry About a Thing Interviews Beverley Guest Carolyn Hinsey Jim Hoge Ken Lennox Christine Maxwell Ian Maxwell Isabel Maxwell Taki Theodoracopulos Jim Willse 31. Hurricane Bob Books Seymour Hersh, The Samson Option, Faber & Faber, 1991 Interviews Janet Fielding Beverley Guest Joe Haines Carolyn Hinsey David Jordan Simon Walters Ian Watson Television Panorama. The Max Factor, BBC1, 1991 32. A Long Way Down Interviews Alastair Campbell Dominic Carman Joe Haines Carolyn Hinsey Neil Kinnock John Pole 33.


pages: 455 words: 131,569

Predator: The Secret Origins of the Drone Revolution by Richard Whittle

Berlin Wall, Charles Lindbergh, cuban missile crisis, drone strike, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Google Earth, indoor plumbing, Khyber Pass, Kickstarter, Mikhail Gorbachev, precision agriculture, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, Yom Kippur War

As neither the Marine Corps nor the Army deployed to Afghanistan in the early days of the war, none of these UAVs was in use there at the time Rumsfeld was describing. For more detail, see Office of the Secretary of Defense, “Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Roadmap 2002–2007,” published and released December 2002. journalist Seymour Hersh revealed: Seymour Hersh, “Annals of National Security, King’s Ransom, How Vulnerable Are the Saudi Royals?” New Yorker, October 22, 2001, p. 35. Hersh’s description of the armed Predator’s use by the CIA in Afghanistan was a global scoop, though his description of the aircraft and his account of the Mullah Omar pursuit are incorrect in many details.

Left unmentioned by Rumsfeld was that after the escape of Mullah Omar the first night of the war, the CIA often coordinated with Centcom but never again deferred to Franks before taking a shot at a high-value target. In early October 2001, Rumsfeld and other officials were saying little in public about the Predator. But in the October 22 issue of The New Yorker magazine, journalist Seymour Hersh revealed that the CIA was controlling an armed version of the drone that had tracked Mullah Omar the first night of the war and had been refused permission to fire on him by Franks. Tom Ricks of the Washington Post quickly followed up with a front-page article calling the armed Predator “a revolutionary step in the conduct of warfare.”


Rogue State: A Guide to the World's Only Superpower by William Blum

anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, British Empire, collective bargaining, Columbine, disinformation, experimental subject, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Joseph Schumpeter, land reform, Monroe Doctrine, Nelson Mandela, profit motive, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, union organizing

For some of the illustrations and Spanish text, see Covert Action Information Bulletin (Washington, DC), #22, Fall 1984, p.28 8 New York Times, October 17, 1984, p.l and 12; Sklar, p.177-87 9 Sklar, 186 CHAPTER 5 1 Baltimore Sun, June 11, 1995, p.lOA 2 Washington Post, August 3, 1999, p.10 3 James Becket, Barbarism in Greece (New York, 1970), p.xi 4 Proposed 1984, in force 1987, ratified by US 1994 5 Baltimore Sun, op. cit. 6 Amnesty International, Report on Torture (London, 1973), p.77 7 Becket, p. 15 8 Becket, p. 16, see also p. 127 9 Kermit Roosevelt, Countercoup: The Struggle for the Control of Iran (McGraw-Hill paperback, 1981), p.9. Roosevelt was a CIA officer operating in Iran in the 1950s. 10 Leaf was chief CIA analyst on Iran for five years before resigning in 1973, interviewed by Seymour Hersh in the New York Times, January 7,1979. 11 Robert Fisk, article in The Independent (London), August 9,1998, p. 19 12 Thomas Powers, The Man Who Kept the Secrets: Richard Helms and the CIA (Pocket Books, New York, 1979) p.155,157 13 Donald Duncan, The New Legions (London, 1967) p.156-9; Duncan describes the Green Beret "interrogation" class he was in. 14 David Wise, "Colby of CIA—CIA of Colby", New York Times Magazine, July 1, 1973, p.33-4 15 Telford Taylor, Nuremberg and Vietnam: an American Tragedy (New York Times, 1970), p.148-53 16 Richard Harris, Death of a Revolutionary: Che Guevara's Last Mission (New York, 1970) p.185-6 17 AJ.

However, Wayne Madsen, who was a communications security analyst with the NSA and is currently a senior fellow at Electronic Privacy Information Center, Washington, DC, has informed the author that word spotting for telephone calls has been used by NSA for many years. 3 The Observer (London), June 28,1992, p.4 4 Seymour M. Hersh, "How the digital age left our spies out in the cold," The New Yorker, December 6,1999, p.58-76. 5 Sunday Times (London), May 31,1998, p. 11 6 The Telegraph (London), Dec. 16,1997 7 The Independent (London), April 11,1998 8 Electronic Telegraph (London), April 11,1999 9 Washington Post, February 26,1995, p. 1 10 Ibid., October 17,1995 11 Electronic Telegraph (London), April 11,1999 12 Washington Post, September 30,1999, p.20 13 Hager, op. cit., p.94 14 EU-FBI: Statewatch magazine (London), Vol. 7, numbers 1,4, and 5 (1997); Vol. 8, numbers 5 and 6 (1998); Vol. 9, numbers 2,3 and 6 (1999).

Clark had acted on behalf of many of the claimants. 11 Interview of attorney John Kiyonaga of Alexandria, VA, September 10, 1999; he and his brother David were the attorneys for these cases; see their op-ed in the Los Angeles Times, April 1, 1990; see also The Guardian (London), July 28, 1990, p. 7; San Francisco Examiner, April 26,1992, p.4 12 Interview of Elizabeth Abimershad of the IACHR-OAS in Washington, September 7, 1999. The case is Salas, et al. against United States of America, Case No. 10.573 13 Read to the author over the phone, December 22, 1999, by the State Department's Panama desk from an official press announcement 14 The Independent (London), February 15, 1999, p. 12; Seymour Hersh, "The Missiles of August", The New Yorker, October 12, 1998, p.34-41; New York Times, October 21,1998, p.l and 8 15 Washington Post, July 25,1999, p.Fl 16 Peacelink magazine (Hamilton, New Zealand), March 1991, p. 19; Washington Post, February 8,1991, p.l (includes Powell remark) 17 "Nato bombed Chinese deliberately", The Observer (London), October 17, 1999; and November 28, 1999.


pages: 493 words: 132,290

Vultures' Picnic: In Pursuit of Petroleum Pigs, Power Pirates, and High-Finance Carnivores by Greg Palast

anti-communist, back-to-the-land, bank run, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, British Empire, capital asset pricing model, capital controls, centre right, Chelsea Manning, clean water, collateralized debt obligation, creative destruction, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, disinformation, Donald Trump, energy security, Exxon Valdez, invisible hand, means of production, Myron Scholes, Nelson Mandela, offshore financial centre, Pepto Bismol, random walk, Ronald Reagan, sensible shoes, Seymour Hersh, transfer pricing, uranium enrichment, Washington Consensus, Yogi Berra

While the author has made every effort to provide accurate telephone numbers and Internet addresses at the time of publication, neither the publisher nor the author assumes any responsibility for errors, or for changes that occur after publication. Further, the publisher does not have any control over and does not assume any responsibility for author or third-party Web sites or their content. http://us.penguingroup.com “A cross between SEYMOUR HERSH and JACK KEROUAC.” —BuzzFlash.com “THE REAL SAM SPADE.” —JIM HIGHTOWER, THE NATION “Book of the Year: Greg Palast’s Armed Madhouse, incendiary . . . virtuosic . . . had me cheering on my feet.” —New Statesman “GREAT FUN. PALAST, DETECTIVE STYLE, PROVIDES . . . PIECES OF THE SECRET PUZZLE.”

» Palast Investigates: From 8-Mile to the Amazon » Big Easy to Big Empty: The Untold Story of the Drowning of New Orleans » The Assassination of Hugo Chavez » Bush Family Fortunes: The Best Democracy Money Could Buy (BBC documentary) » The Elections Files: The Theft of 2008 “Greg Palast is Jack Kerouac meets Seymour Hersh.”—BuzzFlash.com “Twisted and maniacal!”—Katherine Harris ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I didn’t write this book. I just wrote it down. This work, like all my work, is the creation of folks with more soul and dedication than I can muster even sober. They include my sources, too many who’d be endangered if I named them, though most are in danger anyway.

I’m serious. 21 How do I know about the White House extra-legal finagling on emergency diesels? It was uncovered by the greatest investigative journalist of the twentieth century, Ron Ridenhour of New Orleans. Ridenhour’s the guy who uncovered the My Lai massacre in Vietnam, a story typically credited to Seymour Hersh. Hersh is truly brilliant and deserves credit for expanding on Ron’s discovery and getting it into the U.S. press, but I’ve waited for years to make sure Ridenhour gets his credit. It was my friend Ron, not me, who had the contract to write this book when, in 1996, I thought these stories needed telling.


The Despot's Accomplice: How the West Is Aiding and Abetting the Decline of Democracy by Brian Klaas

Asian financial crisis, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Boris Johnson, citizen journalism, clean water, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, Deng Xiaoping, disinformation, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Donald Trump, eurozone crisis, failed state, financial independence, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, global pandemic, moral hazard, Ronald Reagan, selection bias, Seymour Hersh, Skype, Steve Jobs, trade route, Transnistria, unemployed young men, Washington Consensus, zero-sum game

But Some Say it is Worth It’, Los Angeles Times, 15 November 2009, http:// articles.latimes.com/2009/nov/15/world/fg-cia-pakistan15, last accessed 8 January 2016. 8.╇Blum, John (2004). ‘History Starts Today’, The Yale Review, 92(4), 128–39. 9.╇Hersh, Seymour (2015). ‘The Killing of Osama Bin Laden’, London Review of Books, 37(10), 3–12. See also Gall, Carlotta (2015). ‘The Detail in Seymour Hersh’s Bin Laden Story that Rings True,’ New York Times Magazine, 12 May 2015, http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/12/ magazine/the-detail-in-seymour-hershs-bin-laden-story-that-rings-true. html, last accessed 8 January 2016. 10.╇Olson, Mancur (1993). ‘Dictatorship, Democracy, and Development’, American Political Science Review, 87(3), 567–76. 11.╇Democratic leaders obviously care about their legacies, but the shortterm bias can overshadow long-term projects even for those who take posterity’s image of them seriously. 12.╇This imperative partly accounts for why the invasion of Iraq was disingenuously pitched to the public as an attack on both al-Qaeda and tyranny. 13.╇Akbar Zaidi, S. (2011).


Hopes and Prospects by Noam Chomsky

"Robert Solow", Albert Einstein, banking crisis, Bear Stearns, Berlin Wall, Bretton Woods, British Empire, capital controls, colonial rule, corporate personhood, Credit Default Swap, cuban missile crisis, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, deskilling, en.wikipedia.org, energy security, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial deregulation, Firefox, Howard Zinn, Hyman Minsky, invisible hand, liberation theology, market fundamentalism, Martin Wolf, Mikhail Gorbachev, Monroe Doctrine, moral hazard, Nelson Mandela, new economy, nuremberg principles, one-state solution, open borders, Plutonomy: Buying Luxury, Explaining Global Imbalances, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Savings and loan crisis, Seymour Hersh, structural adjustment programs, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, total factor productivity, trade liberalization, uranium enrichment, Washington Consensus

Charges against North Korea escalated in September 2007, when Israel bombed an obscure site in northern Syria, an “act of war,” as at least one prominent American correspondent recognized.36 Charges at once surfaced that Israel attacked a nuclear installation being developed with the help of North Korea, an attack compared with Israel’s bombing of the Osirak reactor in Iraq in 1981—which, according to available evidence, convinced Saddam Hussein to initiate his nuclear weapons program.37 Seymour Hersh’s tentative conclusion after investigation was that the Israeli actions may have been intended as another threat against Iran: the U.S.-Israel have you in their bombsights. However this may be, there is some important background that should be recalled. In 1993, Israel and North Korea were on the verge of an agreement: Israel would recognize North Korea, and in return, North Korea would end any weapons-related involvement in the Middle East.

Kevin Hall, McClatchy Newspapers, February 16, 2008. 34. Bruce Cumings, Le Monde diplomatique, October 2007. See also Leon Sigal, Current History, November 2006. See my Interventions (San Francisco: City Lights, 2007), for discussion. 35. David Sanger and William Broad, New York Times, March 1, 2007. 36. Seymour Hersh, New Yorker, February 11, 2008. 37. The conclusion, based on on-site inspection by Harvard nuclear physicist Richard Wilson after the bombing and by Iraqi defectors, has been confirmed by Wayne White, Iraq analyst for State Department intelligence at the time, with access to a rich body of evidence: Middle East Policy, Fall 2008. 38.


pages: 263 words: 81,542

Drinking in America: Our Secret History by Susan Cheever

British Empire, George Santayana, Howard Zinn, nuclear winter, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, trade route, white picket fence

Although there have been a handful of Secret Service drinking scandals since then, the early 1960s seem to have been a particularly difficult time for Secret Service agents. “Agents acknowledged that the Secret Service’s socializing intensified each year of the Kennedy administration, to a point where, by late 1963, a few members of the presidential detail were regularly remaining in bars until the early morning hours,”240 investigative journalist Seymour M. Hersh would note in his book The Dark Side of Camelot. Hersh reported that things were so loose that at least three of the Kennedy women—sisters and cousins from the president’s large family—had propositioned various agents.241 All of this rule-breaking behavior among members of the extended Kennedy family should have made the Secret Service more alert and more responsible.

More recently, he confided, he had prayed that he would not wake up in the morning. His life had become unbearable. Haldeman was deeply touched by this confidence…until he compared notes with Ehrlichman and found that the president had told him exactly the same thing.267 “Just how serious was Nixon’s drinking problem?” asked Seymour Hersh in an article in the Atlantic Monthly, which was part of his book on the Nixon presidency, The Price of Power. “Many of his former associates and aides, such as Charles W. Colson, dismiss its significance by saying that the president had a notoriously low capacity for alcohol, and would slur his words and appear to be somewhat drunk after one or two highballs.”


The Washington Connection and Third World Fascism by Noam Chomsky

anti-communist, business climate, colonial rule, declining real wages, deliberate practice, disinformation, European colonialism, friendly fire, Gini coefficient, income inequality, income per capita, land reform, land tenure, new economy, RAND corporation, Seymour Hersh, strikebreaker, union organizing

Usually, private intervention in the book market is anticipatory, with regrets that the manuscript is unacceptable, perhaps “unmarketable.”3 Sometimes the latter contention is only an excuse for unwillingness to market, although it may sometimes reflect an accurate assessment of how the media and journals will receive books that are strongly critical of the established order. With rare exceptions (e.g., C. Wright Mills’ Power Elite or Seymour Hersh’s books on the My Lai massacre and cover up), such works are ignored and allowed to fall still-born from the press, or if reviewed, are dismissed with contempt. In the case of the first edition of this work, events showed that there was an international market, even if the parent corporation was able to prevent a test of the domestic market.

Huntington, and Joji Watanuki, The Crisis of Democracy: Report on the Governability of’ Democracies to the Trilateral Commission. NYU Press, 1975. For discussion, see N. Chomsky, “Human Rights” and American Foreign Policy, Spokesman, 1978. 3. See especially Richard A. Falk, The Vietnam War and International Law, Princeton University Press, 1968, 2 vols. 4. See Seymour M. Hersh, Chemical and Biological Warfare, Bobbs-Merrill, 1968; Eric Prokosch, “Conventional Killers,” The New Republic, 1 November 1969; AFSC-Narmic, Weapons for Counterinsurgency, 1970; Prokosch, The Simple Art of Murder: Anti-Personnel Weapons and their Development, AFSC-­Narmic, 1972. 5. See below, chapter 4, section 4. 6.

The chief CIA analyst on Iran from 1968-73, Jesse Leaf, stated that the practice of torture by the SAVAK was well-known to the CIA and that “a senior C.I.A. official was involved in instructing officials in the Savak on torture techniques.... The C.I.A.’s torture seminars, Mr. Leaf said, ‘were based on German torture techniques from World War II’.” Seymour M. Hersh, “Ex-Analyst Says C.I.A. Rejected Warning on Shah,” New York Times (7 January 1979). On the corruption, see chapter 2, p. 64. 41. Of the non-industrialized countries, Iran has been the largest purchaser of military equipment in the world, buying over $18 billion in arms from the United States alone, 1950-1977.


Culture of Terrorism by Noam Chomsky

anti-communist, Bolshevik threat, Bretton Woods, centre right, clean water, David Brooks, disinformation, failed state, Farzad Bazoft, land reform, Monroe Doctrine, risk tolerance, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, union organizing

Intervention (Knopf, 1986), for a revealing study of this period. On the immediate U.S. moves to undermine the Paris agreements, announced at once by Washington though suppressed by the media, see my Towards a New Cold War (Pantheon, 1982), chapter 3, reprint of a 1973 article. For more on the matter, see Seymour Hersh, The Price of Power (Summit, 1983), and on the general background, Gareth Porter, A Peace Denied (Indiana U. press, 1975). 3. “Wright plan paves the way to stability in Nicaragua.” BG, Aug. 10, 1987, reprinted from the Los Angeles Times. The concept of “left wing of the Democratic Party” is an intriguing one. 4.

On these matters, see Fateful Triangle, and for illuminating discussion from a partially shared but somewhat different perspective, see Cheryl Rubenberg, Israel and the American National Interest (U. of Illinois, 1986). See also the references of chapter 3, note 41. 10. See TTT, p. 201. 11. John Simpson and Jana Bennett, The Disappeared (St. Martin’s Press, 1985), 311. 12. Alfonso Chardy, MH, July 5, 1987. See TTT; also Walker, Reagan vs. the Sandinistas. 13. Seymour Hersh, NYT, Jan. 7, 1979, citing the former chief CIA analyst on Iran; Richard Sale, WP, May 9, 1977. On Carter’s record, and his horrendous human rights record generally (soon to be far surpassed by Reagan), see my “The Carter Administration: Myth and Reality,” reprinted in C. P. Otero, ed., Radical Priorities (Black Rose, 1981); Chomsky and Herman, The Political Economy of Human Rights (on Iran, vol.


pages: 357 words: 99,456

Hate Inc.: Why Today’s Media Makes Us Despise One Another by Matt Taibbi

4chan, affirmative action, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Chelsea Manning, commoditize, crack epidemic, David Brooks, disinformation, Donald Trump, drone strike, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial deregulation, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, Howard Zinn, illegal immigration, immigration reform, interest rate swap, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, Marshall McLuhan, moral panic, Nate Silver, Peter Thiel, pink-collar, Ponzi scheme, pre–internet, profit motive, quantitative easing, Ralph Nader, rent-seeking, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Rubik’s Cube, Saturday Night Live, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, Stephen Hawking, Steve Bannon, Steven Pinker, traveling salesman, unpaid internship, WikiLeaks, working poor, Y2K

That this crude cut-and-paste job was not even undertaken by the office’s best people should have told reporters something else, something profoundly insulting they should have taken personally. But they didn’t. The war-makers left another clue lying out in the open, through a process muckraker Seymour Hersh outlined called “The Stovepipe.” The idea of “stovepiping” involved top officials obtaining access to raw intelligence data submerged in bureaucracies, and withdrawing it before the various compliance officers could get hands on it. “Their position,” wrote Hersh, “is that the professional bureaucracy is deliberately and maliciously keeping information from them.”

We have had many disagreements over the years and suffered estrangements that lasted years and caused us both considerable pain. I don’t think he knows that throughout all of that time, even in the darkest moments, he has always been the ultimate model to me for what a reporter is and should be. I’ve met most of the biggest names in the business, from the great Seymour Hersh to winners of Oscars and Pulitzers, but none of them hold a candle to my father as a reporter. I was grateful to have the chance in this book to describe what it was like as a child, experiencing the fascination of watching him work. My father in his time was a famously difficult and combative personality even in public, and if you look you’ll find an unfortunate line or two about him (along with quite a few compliments about his work) in various local gossip pages.


pages: 742 words: 202,902

The Brilliant Disaster: JFK, Castro, and America's Doomed Invasion of Cuba's Bay of Pigs by Jim Rasenberger

affirmative action, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, Gunnar Myrdal, Kitchen Debate, land reform, Seymour Hersh, Torches of Freedom, William of Occam

White, 291. 91 “the most difficult”: Nixon, Reader’s Digest, 286; see also Nixon’s Six Crises, 351–57. 91 Nixon… urged: Ambrose’s Nixon, 590–91. 92 KENNEDY ADVOCATES: Nixon’s Six Crises, 353. 92 “Now the question was”: Nixon, Reader’s Digest, 286. 92 “For the first and only time”: Nixon, Six Crises, 354. 93 “I had only one choice”: Nixon, Reader’s Digest, 288. 93 “The position was right”: Nixon, Reader’s Digest, 289; see also Brodie, 412–13. 94 “From this point on I had the wisdom”: Seymour M. Hersh, 184. 94 “There has been, I believe”: Dulles memo to John A. McCone [Dulles Papers, box 36, folder 1]. 94 Seymour M. Hersh … insinuates: Seymour M. Hersh, 173–75. 95 Ted Lewis … made exactly this point: See New York Daily News, March 22, 1962 [Dulles Papers, box 36, folder 1]. 95 Hersh trots out other likely suspects who might have revealed the invasion plan to Kennedy before the fourth debate.

“The Cuban situation was, of course, dealt with in the briefings I gave to Senator Kennedy,” but these briefings “did not cover our own Government’s plans or programs for action—overt or covert.” Dulles’s statement notwithstanding, some historians and journalists who have studied the matter hold, with Nixon, that Kennedy was told plenty. The journalist and author Seymour M. Hersh, in his book The Dark Side of Camelot, insinuates that Allen Dulles, in the spirit of friendship and self-interest, did reveal the Cuban operation to Kennedy in July. Dulles’s reward for his intelligence, in Hersh’s view, was reappointment as CIA chief under Kennedy. Hersh’s chief evidence of Dulles’s divulgence is that if Dulles had kept the “make or break information” about the invasion from Kennedy, there is no way Kennedy would have reappointed him.

Patterson, a Democrat and Kennedy supporter, would have known about the invasion plans because his state’s Air National Guard had been approached by the CIA regarding the use of air guard pilots for the Cuba operation. Concerned by possible political implications for Kennedy, Patterson flew to New York sometime before the election and before the fourth Kennedy/Nixon debate and told the candidate what he knew. “He heard me out and thanked me.” 95 “the Kennedy campaign had to find some way”: Seymour M. Hersh, 174. 96 Castro put the Cuban military: Fursenko and Naftali, 67. 96 “The more we learned”: Bissell, interview with Pfeiffer, 28. 96 And when brigade pilots: Taylor Report, “Narrative,” 3. 97 The first delivery: Kornbluh (containing the CIA inspector general’s survey), 75. 97 “would not produce”: Gleijeses, 11. 97 “You’re finally going after”: Trest and Dodd, 17. 97 The object of the mission: Gleijeses, 10. 8: “No Easy Matters” 99 “strategy of reassurance”: Schlesinger, Thousand Days, 125. 99 “Senator, I’m beyond retiring age”: Grose, 511. 100 The CIA men arrived: New York Times, November 19, 1960. 100 “It was not the purpose of the briefing”: Draft of “My Answer to the Bay of Pigs” [Dulles Papers]. 100 “considerable influence”: Bissell, 159–60. 100 “successful in sparking”: “Briefing Papers Used by Mr.


pages: 389 words: 108,344

Kill Chain: The Rise of the High-Tech Assassins by Andrew Cockburn

airport security, anti-communist, drone strike, Edward Snowden, friendly fire, Google Earth, license plate recognition, RAND corporation, risk/return, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, too big to fail, WikiLeaks

So, in 1986, President Reagan sent a fleet of F-111 bombers: Seymour Hersh, “Target Qaddafi,” New York Times, February 22, 1987. W. Hays Parks, a military lawyer working for the army’s judge advocate general: W. Hays Parks, Memorandum on Executive Order 12333 and Assassination, Department of the Army, Office of the Judge Advocate General, November 2, 1989. Posted by John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. http://www.hks.harvard.edu/cchrp/Use%20of%20Force/October%202002/Parks_final.pdf. As Parks later explained to me: Telephone interview, January 25, 2014. According to an authoritative account of the affair: Seymour Hersh, “Target Gaddafi,” op. cit. 6 | Kingpins and Maniacs “That was a good time”: Interview with Rex Rivolo, Chantilly, VA, December 19, 2013.


pages: 258 words: 63,367

Making the Future: The Unipolar Imperial Moment by Noam Chomsky

"Robert Solow", Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, Bretton Woods, British Empire, capital controls, collective bargaining, corporate governance, corporate personhood, creative destruction, deindustrialization, energy security, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial deregulation, Frank Gehry, full employment, Howard Zinn, Joseph Schumpeter, kremlinology, liberation theology, Long Term Capital Management, market fundamentalism, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, Occupy movement, oil shale / tar sands, precariat, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, structural adjustment programs, The Great Moderation, too big to fail, uranium enrichment, Washington Consensus, WikiLeaks, working poor

Morris is presumably reporting information from an Israeli intelligence source—which generalizes to “every intelligence agency” by the same logic that instructs us that Iran is defying “the world” by seeking to enrich uranium: the world apart from its unpeople. There are rumblings in radical nationalist (so-called “neo-con”) circles that if Barack Obama wins the election, Bush-Cheney should bomb Iran, since the threat of Iran is too great to be left in the hands of a wimpish Democrat. Reports also have surfaced—recently from Seymour Hersh in the New Yorker—on U.S. “covert operations” in Iran, known as international terrorism if conducted by enemies. In June (2008), Congress came close to passing a resolution (H. Con. Res. 362), strongly supported by the Israeli lobby, virtually calling for a blockade of Iran—an act of war, that could have set off the conflagration that is greatly feared in the region and around the world.


pages: 717 words: 150,288

Cities Under Siege: The New Military Urbanism by Stephen Graham

addicted to oil, airport security, anti-communist, autonomous vehicles, Berlin Wall, call centre, carbon footprint, clean water, congestion charging, creative destruction, credit crunch, DARPA: Urban Challenge, defense in depth, deindustrialization, digital map, disinformation, edge city, energy security, European colonialism, failed state, Food sovereignty, Gini coefficient, global supply chain, Google Earth, illegal immigration, income inequality, knowledge economy, late capitalism, loose coupling, market fundamentalism, mass incarceration, McMansion, megacity, moral panic, mutually assured destruction, Naomi Klein, New Urbanism, offshore financial centre, one-state solution, pattern recognition, peak oil, planetary scale, private military company, Project for a New American Century, RAND corporation, RFID, Richard Florida, Scramble for Africa, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, smart transportation, surplus humans, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Washington Consensus, white flight, white picket fence

In early June, a major consultation took place between Israeli and Pentagon specialists on urban warfare at a Defense Policy Advisory Group meeting in Washington. Just a few months later, in September 2002, the US Joint Chiefs of Staff laid out a new doctrine for urban operations, taking account of lessons learned from Jenin and elsewhere, with a view to an impending attack on Iraq. Seymour Hersh observed in a December 2003 issue of the New Yorker that ‘according to American and Israeli military and intelligence officials, Israeli commandos and intelligence units have been working closely with their American counterparts at the Special Forces training base at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, and in Israel to help them prepare for operations in Iraq’.10 By December 2003 Julian Borger, too, was reporting in the Guardian that ‘according to two sources, Israeli military “consultants” have also visited Iraq’.11 General Vane, then deputy chief of staff for doctrine, concepts and strategy at the US Army Training and Doctrine Command, admitted in July 2003 that Israeli experience was pivotal as US forces tried to confront the proliferating urban insurgencies on the streets of Iraq’s cities that followed the easy military defeat of Iraq’s state military forces in 2002.

The content here, though, is a radical extension of that piece, which focused only on the aftermath of Israeli military operations in Jenin that formed part of Operations Defensive Shield in 2002. 2 Edward Said, ‘Dreams and Delusions: The Imperial Bluster of Tom Delay’, CounterPunch, 20 August 2003. 3 Pankaj Mishra, ‘In Search of Monsters to Destroy’, Guardian, 4 October 2008. 4 Arnon Soffer, Israel, Demography 2000–2020: Dangers and Opportunities, Haifa: University of Haifa, 2000, 2, 92. 5 See RAND.org, ‘RAND Arroyo Urban Operations Team Hosts Conference in Israel’ April 2002. 6 Michael Evans, City Without Joy: Urban Military Operations into the 21st Century, Australian Defence College: Occasional Series No. 2, Canberra, 2007, available at www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil. 7 Evans, City Without Joy. 8 Ibid. 9 Eyal Weizman, in Jordan Crandall, ed., Under Fire.1: The Organization And Representation Of Violence, Rotterdam: Witte de Witte, 2004, 83–4. 10 Seymour Hersh, ‘Moving Targets: Will the Counter-Insurgency Plan in Iraq Repeat the Mistakes of Vietnam?’, New Yorker, 15 December 2003. 11 Julian Borger, ‘Israel Trains US Assassination Squads in Iraq’, Guardian, 9 December 2003. 12 Cited in Dexter Filkins, ‘A Region Inflamed: Tough New Tactics by US Tighten Grip on Iraq Towns’, New York Times, 7 December 2003. 13 Chuck Freilich, ‘“The Pentagon’s Revenge” or Strategic Transformation: The Bush Administration’s New Security Strategy’, strategic assessment, Jaffee Center for Strategic Studies, Tel Aviv University, 9: 1, April 2006. 14 Bashor Abu-Manneh, ‘Israel in US Empire’, New Formations 59, 2006, 34–55. 15 Ibid., 48. 16 Ibid., 37. 17 Joel Beinin, ‘The Israelization of American Middle East Policy Discourse’, Social Text 21: 2, 2003, 125. 18 James Brooks, ‘Israelization of America’, Antiwar.Com, 7 December 2002. 19 Patrick Buchanan, ‘Whose War?’


pages: 631 words: 171,391

One Minute to Midnight: Kennedy, Khrushchev and Castro on the Brink of Nuclear War by Michael Dobbs

air freight, Berlin Wall, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, disinformation, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Doomsday Clock, global village, Google Earth, kremlinology, Marshall McLuhan, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, Seymour Hersh, stakhanovite, yellow journalism

For example, this technique was key to discovering the Soviet deployment of nuclear-tipped cruise missiles to within fifteen miles of the Guantánamo Naval Base in the early morning hours of Black Saturday. My curiosity was originally whetted by a list of Soviet casualties in Cuba that showed two Soviet soldiers had been killed near Guantánamo on October 27, 1962. I was also intrigued by an October 1987 article by the investigative reporter Seymour Hersh that talked about a "firefight" in eastern Cuba, involving Soviet and Cuban troops, whose communications were apparently intercepted by U.S. intelligence. The Hersh story mentioned a Soviet commander named Maltsev ordering ambulances to the scene. A further piece to the jigsaw puzzle was provided by a one-sentence reference to the movement of FKR cruise missiles to an "advanced position" near Guantánamo in a Russian-language memoir by Operation Anadyr veterans.

The pre-launch position at Vilorio was at 20 5 16 N, 75 19 22 W. 179 Among the Soviet soldiers: Chervonnaya interview with Gennady Mikheev, brother of Viktor, plus family photographs and correspondence, April 2006. 181 Maltsev called for surgeons: The exchange was intercepted by U.S. intelligence, as reported by Seymour M. Hersh, "Was Castro Out of Control in 1962?" WP, October 11, 1987, H1. The article contains several inaccuracies, including speculation that Cuban troops attempted to storm a Soviet SAM site. This account relies on an interview with Roshva and GITMO intelligence reports. 181 "dress for dinner":TV reports by Björn Ahlander, trans. by his son, Dag Sebastian Ahlander. 182 "While you are armed":Transcript of broadcast, October 26, 1962, Robert Williams Collection, University of Michigan. 183 "In the event": Carlos Alzuguray, "La crisis de octubre desde una perspectiva Cubana," Conference in Mexico City, November 2002; Blight et al., Cuba on the Brink, 248. 183 Nobody "seemed to notice": Halperin, 190. 183 "by far the worst day": Sorensen OH, JFKL.

Alekseev said that he did not find out the truth about who shot down the plane until 1978. 317 "almost fell into the water": Orlov interview. 318 "This ship belongs": Ibid. 318 Lookouts reported that the Americans: Mozgovoi, 93; Carrier Division Sixteen, Cuban missile crisis documentation, NSAW. 318 "to throw off your pursuers": Orlov interview. 318 Kennedy dismissed most: Salinger, John F. Kennedy, 125. 318 a "piece of ass": Seymour Hersh, The Dark Side of Camelot (Boston: Little, Brown, 1997), 389. The need for sex was a recurring theme for JFK. He told Clare Boothe Luce that he could not "go to sleep without a lay." 319 Mary telephoned Jack:White House phone records, October 27, 1962;WH social files, October 24, 1962, JFKL.


pages: 281 words: 78,317

But What if We're Wrong? Thinking About the Present as if It Were the Past by Chuck Klosterman

a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, British Empire, citizen journalism, cosmological constant, dark matter, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Frank Gehry, George Santayana, Gerolamo Cardano, ghettoisation, Howard Zinn, Isaac Newton, Joan Didion, non-fiction novel, obamacare, pre–internet, Ralph Nader, Ray Kurzweil, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, Stephen Hawking, the medium is the message, the scientific method, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, too big to fail, Y2K

But what’s interesting is our communal willingness to assume most old stories may as well be true, based on the logic that (a) the story is already ancient, and (b) there isn’t any way to confirm an alternative version, despite the fact that we can’t categorically confirm the original version, either. A week before Manhattan cops were being attacked by hammer-wielding schizophrenics, Seymour Hersh published a ten-thousand-word story in the London Review of Books headlined “The Killing of Osama bin Laden.” Hersh’s wide-ranging story boiled down to this: The accepted narrative of the 2011 assassination of bin Laden was a fabrication, deliberately perpetrated by the Obama administration. It was not a clandestine black ops attack by Navy SEALs, working off the CIA’s meticulous intelligence gathering; it was the result of a former Pakistani intelligence officer exchanging the whereabouts of bin Laden for money, thereby allowing the SEALs to just walk into his compound and perform an execution.


pages: 283 words: 77,272

With Liberty and Justice for Some: How the Law Is Used to Destroy Equality and Protect the Powerful by Glenn Greenwald

Ayatollah Khomeini, banking crisis, Bear Stearns, Bernie Madoff, Clive Stafford Smith, collateralized debt obligation, Corrections Corporation of America, crack epidemic, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, David Brooks, deskilling, financial deregulation, full employment, high net worth, income inequality, Julian Assange, mandatory minimum, nuremberg principles, Ponzi scheme, Project for a New American Century, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, too big to fail, Washington Consensus, WikiLeaks

By the scandal’s conclusion, few contested that not only Nixon’s top aides but Nixon himself had committed serious felonies—either in authorizing the break-in and related illegalities, or in obstructing the ensuing investigation. Nonetheless, Nixon was ultimately shielded from all legal consequences thanks to the pardon granted by his handpicked vice president, Gerald Ford—who, it was widely believed, secured his appointment by agreeing to protect Nixon from prosecution. In his 1983 book The Price of Power, Seymour Hersh compiled extensive evidence suggesting an implicit if not overt deal. As he makes clear, Ford was selected because Nixon and his secretary of state, Alexander Haig, were confident that they could count on Ford’s protection. “Nixon and Haig thought of Ford as a proven commodity,” writes Hersh, “a man who placed loyalty to Nixon and the Republican presidency above his personal ambitions and his political well-being.


pages: 373 words: 80,248

Empire of Illusion: The End of Literacy and the Triumph of Spectacle by Chris Hedges

Albert Einstein, Ayatollah Khomeini, Bear Stearns, Cal Newport, clean water, collective bargaining, corporate governance, creative destruction, Credit Default Swap, haute couture, Herbert Marcuse, Honoré de Balzac, Howard Zinn, illegal immigration, income inequality, Joseph Schumpeter, Naomi Klein, offshore financial centre, Ralph Nader, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, single-payer health, social intelligence, statistical model, uranium enrichment

If you are a true journalist, you should start to worry if you make $5 million a year. No journalist has a comfortable, cozy relationship with the powerful. No journalist believes that serving the powerful is a primary part of his or her calling. Those in power fear and dislike journalists—and they should. Ask Amy Goodman, Seymour Hersh, Walter Pincus, Robert Scheer, or David Cay Johnston. The comedian Jon Stewart, who hosts the popular Daily Show with Jon Stewart on Comedy Central, has become one of the most visible and influential media figures in America. In an interview with Jim Cramer, who hosts a show called Mad Money on CNBC, Stewart asked his guest why, during all the years he advised viewers about investments, he never questioned the mendacious claims from CEOs and banks that unleashed the financial meltdown—or warned viewers about the shady tactics of short-term selling and massive debt leverag ing used to make fortunes for CEOs out of the retirement and savings accounts of ordinary Americans.5 STEWART: This thing was ten years in the making. . . .


pages: 632 words: 171,827

Israel: A Concise History of a Nation Reborn by Daniel Gordis

Albert Einstein, Ayatollah Khomeini, back-to-the-land, Berlin Wall, Boycotts of Israel, British Empire, facts on the ground, illegal immigration, mass immigration, Mikhail Gorbachev, Mount Scopus, post-oil, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, uranium enrichment, Yom Kippur War

When a 1965 inventory of the Nuclear Materials and Equipment Corporation (NUMEC) found some 200 to 600 pounds of uranium missing, Shapiro, who had founded NUMEC, was accused of espionage and of having diverted nuclear materials to Israel. Seymour Hersh, the author of The Samson Option: Israel’s Nuclear Arsenal and America’s Foreign Policy, argues that Shapiro did nothing wrong and quotes one of the chief investigators as saying, “I know of nothing at all to indicate that Shapiro was guilty.” Shapiro was never indicted, but rumors of illegal American Jewish involvement in Israel’s nuclear program dogged him for the rest of his life. To many American Zionists, for his role in abetting Israel’s security, Shapiro was an uncelebrated hero. (Seymour Hersh, The Samson Option: Israel’s Nuclear Arsenal and America’s Foreign Policy [New York: Random House, 1991], pp. 243, 250, 252, 255


pages: 448 words: 124,391

All the President's Men by Carl Bernstein, Bob Woodward

anti-communist, Berlin Wall, Seymour Hersh

If Sirica demanded disclosure, only one of them would probably have to go to jail for refusing to name their sources. That night, both Bernstein and Woodward were called at home. A New York Times story said that the four Miami men were still being paid by persons as yet unnamed. The story, by Seymour M. Hersh, also said that Watergate burglar Sturgis had acknowledged that he had been told that John Mitchell had been aware of the Watergate operation and had in fact encouraged the team. The next day Time magazine sent out a press release of a forthcoming story that said that the four Miami man had been promised up to $1000 for each month they spent in jail.

Nine months after Watergate, the White House demonstrated once again that it knew more about the news business than the news business knew about the White House. • • • If there was one Washington reporter unlikely to be taken in by White House manipulations, Bernstein and Woodward thought it was Seymour Hersh of the New York Times. A mutual friend had arranged for Bernstein and Woodward to have dinner with Hersh on April 8. Hersh, 36, horn-rimmed and somewhat pudgy, showed up for dinner in old tennis shoes, a frayed pinstriped shirt that might have been his best in his college freshman year, and rumpled bleached khakis.


pages: 301 words: 85,263

New Dark Age: Technology and the End of the Future by James Bridle

AI winter, Airbnb, Alfred Russel Wallace, Automated Insights, autonomous vehicles, back-to-the-land, Benoit Mandelbrot, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, British Empire, Brownian motion, Buckminster Fuller, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, carbon footprint, coastline paradox / Richardson effect, cognitive bias, cognitive dissonance, combinatorial explosion, computer vision, congestion charging, cryptocurrency, data is the new oil, disinformation, Donald Trump, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Hofstadter, drone strike, Edward Snowden, fear of failure, Flash crash, Google Earth, Haber-Bosch Process, hive mind, income inequality, informal economy, Internet of things, Isaac Newton, John von Neumann, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, Kim Stanley Robinson, late capitalism, lone genius, mandelbrot fractal, meta-analysis, Minecraft, mutually assured destruction, natural language processing, Network effects, oil shock, p-value, pattern recognition, peak oil, recommendation engine, road to serfdom, Robert Mercer, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Skype, social graph, sorting algorithm, South China Sea, speech recognition, Spread Networks laid a new fibre optics cable between New York and Chicago, stem cell, Stuxnet, technoutopianism, the built environment, the scientific method, Uber for X, undersea cable, University of East Anglia, uranium enrichment, Vannevar Bush, WikiLeaks

Some reports claim that two missiles were recovered; others refer to documents and devices. The only confirmed items were the bodies of six Soviet submariners who were subsequently buried at sea in a steel container, due to radiation fears. Several months after the operation, the investigative reporter Seymour Hersh at the New York Times got hold of the story. The US government managed to delay publication by claiming that the operation was still ongoing, and that publicity would cause an international incident. A burglary at Hughes’s offices in LA put another reporter onto the story, however, and in February 1975 the Los Angeles Times ran a partial account of the mission, riddled with errors, which led to a media frenzy.


pages: 1,433 words: 315,911

The Vietnam War: An Intimate History by Geoffrey C. Ward, Ken Burns

anti-communist, bank run, Berlin Wall, clean water, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, European colonialism, friendly fire, Haight Ashbury, independent contractor, land reform, Mahatma Gandhi, mutually assured destruction, Norman Mailer, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, South China Sea, War on Poverty

And then about three-quarters of the way through my tour in Vietnam the story of the My Lai massacre broke.” On November 12, 1969—nine days after Nixon urged his fellow countrymen to be patient and three days before the second Moratorium was slated to begin—the Dispatch News Service in Washington moved a story by the investigative journalist Seymour Hersh. Thirty-five newspapers across the country picked it up. Twenty months earlier, on the morning of March 16, 1968, as the American public was focused on Khe Sanh and the aftermath of the Tet Offensive, 105 men from a rifle company belonging to the Americal Division, and led by Lieutenant William Calley, had been ordered to helicopter into the hamlet of My Lai 4.

There would have been still more slaughter had a helicopter pilot named Hugh Thompson Jr. not landed between the men and some of their intended targets and ordered his crew to open fire on their fellow Americans if they did not stop shooting civilians. At the same time, just a mile or so away, the second platoon from the same task force murdered nearly one hundred more villagers. Huddled together, women and children watch their killers approach. Tim O’Brien read Seymour Hersh’s article at LZ Gator. “Suddenly,” he remembered, “it was like a window shade going up and there’s light, and we understood what had engendered this horror in these kids’ faces and the fear and the hatred. A hundred and some American soldiers in four hours or so, butchering innocent people in all kinds of ways—machine-gunning them and throwing them in wells and scalping them and killing them in ditches and taking a lunch break and then doing it some more.

President Nixon’s first reaction when he heard the story was to investigate those who reported the killing. He demanded to know who was backing them: “It’s those dirty rotten Jews from New York who are behind it,” he was sure of it. He instructed his aides to “discredit witnesses,” investigate Seymour Hersh and Mike Wallace, “get ring-wingers with us,” and “get out the facts about [communist] atrocities at Hue.” Defense Secretary Laird said he wished he could “sweep the whole thing under the rug,” but knew he couldn’t. Eventually, General Westmoreland assigned Lieutenant General William R. Peers, a veteran of thirty months as a troop commander in Vietnam with a reputation for fairness and objectivity, to head a panel to look into the matter.


America Right or Wrong: An Anatomy of American Nationalism by Anatol Lieven

American ideology, British Empire, centre right, cognitive dissonance, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, European colonialism, failed state, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, full employment, Gunnar Myrdal, illegal immigration, income inequality, laissez-faire capitalism, mass immigration, Mikhail Gorbachev, millennium bug, mittelstand, Monroe Doctrine, moral hazard, moral panic, new economy, Norman Mailer, oil shock, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, Thomas L Friedman, World Values Survey, Y2K

Confronted with the evidence of strong opposition to U.S. policies toward Israel and Iraq on the part of ordinary Arabs, a leading U.S. partisan of Israel and critic of Arab tyranny replied that it did not matter, as the United States had more than enough force to crush any Arab opposition, whether from states or peoples: "Let them hate us, as long as they fear us," he declared. Oderint dum metuant the motto of that distinguished humanitarian democratizer, the emperor Caligula. In the articles for the New Yorker magazine that brought the abuses at Abu Ghraib and elsewhere into the open, Seymour Hersh attributes part of the philosophy behind the interrogation techniques to a book by an Israeli and American cultural anthropologist, Professor Raphael Patai, called The Arab Mind. This work is characterized by deep contempt for Arab culture and traditions, and was described by Hersh's official sources as "the bible of the neoconservatives on Arab behavior."

Guth, "The Politics of Armageddon: Dispensationalism Among Southern Baptist Ministers," in Religion and Political Behavior in the United States, ed. Ted G. Jelen, p. 203 (New York: Praeger, 1989). 127. Mead, Special Providence, pp. 236, 245. 128. For an account of the abuses by the journalist who broke the story, see Seymour Hersh, "Torture at Abu Ghraib," New Yorker, May 10, 2004, and "The Gray Zone: How a Secret Pentagon Program Came to Abu Ghraib," May 24,2004; see also Scott Wilson, "An Iraqi Detainee Tells of Anguishing Treatment at Iraq Prison," Washington Post, May 5, 2004; Scott Wilson and Sewell Chan, "As Insurgency Grew, So Did Prison Abuse," Washington Post, May 9, 2004; Dana Priest and Joe Stephens, "Secret World of U.S.


Turning the Tide by Noam Chomsky

anti-communist, Bolshevik threat, British Empire, collective bargaining, cuban missile crisis, declining real wages, disinformation, failed state, feminist movement, Howard Zinn, land reform, means of production, Monroe Doctrine, Paul Samuelson, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, union organizing

Johnson, speeches on Nov. I, Nov. 2, 1966; Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, 1966, Book II (Washington, 1967), 563, 568; Congressional Record, March 15, 1948, House, 2883. 57. Dean Acheson, Present at the Creation (Norton, 1969), 219; see TNCW, 195f., for more extensive discussion. 58. Seymour Hersh, The Price of Power (Summit, 1983), 270, quoting Roger Morris; Morton Halperin et al., The Lawless State (Penguin, 1976), 17, citing Hersh, NYT, Sept. 11, 1974. 59. LaFeber, Inevitable Revolutions, 157. 60. Walter Laqueur, WSJ, April 9, 1981; Economist, Sept. 19, 1981. On the terrorist war against Cuba conducted from US bases under US government auspices, see Herman, Real Terror Network, TNCW, and sources cited.

Policy in the Event of Guatemalan Aggression in Latin America,” a threat overcome by the successful destruction of Guatemalan democracy. Guatemala, like Nicaragua today, was an “aggressor” in the technical sense of the word: it was a victim of U.S. intervention and finally aggression. 29. See the text above; also Walker, Reagan vs. the Sandinistas. 30. Seymour Hersh, NYT, Jan. 7, 1979, citing the former chief CIA analyst on Iran; Richard Sale, Washington Post, May 9, 1977. On Carter’s record, and his horrendous human rights record generally (soon to be much surpassed by Reagan), see my ‘Human Rights’ and American Foreign Policy (Spokesman, 1978); Chomsky and Edward S.


pages: 708 words: 176,708

The WikiLeaks Files: The World According to US Empire by Wikileaks

affirmative action, anti-communist, banking crisis, battle of ideas, Boycotts of Israel, Bretton Woods, British Empire, capital controls, central bank independence, Chelsea Manning, colonial exploitation, colonial rule, corporate social responsibility, credit crunch, cuban missile crisis, Deng Xiaoping, drone strike, Edward Snowden, energy security, energy transition, European colonialism, eurozone crisis, experimental subject, F. W. de Klerk, facts on the ground, failed state, financial innovation, Food sovereignty, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, full employment, future of journalism, high net worth, invisible hand, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, liberal world order, Mikhail Gorbachev, millennium bug, Mohammed Bouazizi, Monroe Doctrine, Nelson Mandela, Northern Rock, Philip Mirowski, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, statistical model, structural adjustment programs, too big to fail, trade liberalization, trade route, UNCLOS, UNCLOS, uranium enrichment, Washington Consensus, WikiLeaks, zero-sum game, éminence grise

As we shall see, this was deployed in a ruthless civil war and counter-insurgency strategy in which civilians were terrorized, brutalized, and killed. We still do not have access to the most incriminating records concerning the use of torture in Iraq by US troops. As the Abu Ghraib revelations were emerging, the journalist Seymour Hersh discovered that the Pentagon had a tape of a grotesque incident at the prison, in which “[t]he women were passing messages out saying ‘Please come and kill me, because of what’s happened.’” The women had been detained alongside a group of young boys. The boys had been sodomized, with the cameras rolling.

[05TELAVIV1593] And despite the constant agitation for military action, some Israeli analysts—such as the former deputy director general of the Atomic Energy Agency, Ariel Levita—told US officials that it would be almost impossible for a military campaign to destroy Iran’s nuclear program, given how widely dispersed Iran’s various installations were.15 The absence of a political consensus on military force, however, has not prevented clandestine US and Israeli action against Iran. In recent years, for example, numerous Iranian nuclear scientists have been murdered in a program journalist Seymour Hersh linked to Israel, the United States, and the Iranian dissident group Mojahedin-e-Khalq (MEK), which was officially considered a terrorist organization by the US government at the time.16 In a 2007 meeting with the US undersecretary of state for political affairs, J. Nicholas Burns, Mossad head Meir Dagan—who would make headlines years later for calling the idea of a military assault on Iran “stupid”17—outlined a “five-pillared” Israeli plan to undermine Iran and prompt regime change, including implicitly through clandestine violence and agitation of Iranian minority groups: Dagan described how the Israeli strategy consists of five pillars: A) Political Approach: Dagan praised efforts to bring Iran before the UNSC, and signaled his agreement with the pursuit of a third sanctions resolution.


pages: 719 words: 209,224

The Dead Hand: The Untold Story of the Cold War Arms Race and Its Dangerous Legacy by David Hoffman

active measures, anti-communist, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, crony capitalism, cuban missile crisis, disinformation, failed state, joint-stock company, Kickstarter, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, nuclear winter, Robert Hanssen: Double agent, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, standardized shipping container, Stanislav Petrov, Thomas L Friedman, undersea cable, uranium enrichment, Vladimir Vetrov: Farewell Dossier, zero-sum game

We can make a difference. Kamchatka is a difficult peninsula. They have no railroads to it. They have to resupply it by air. It is a very important spot for them, and they are as naked as a jaybird there, and they know it." 14 On April 4, the Americans flew up Ivan's nose. According to author Seymour M. Hersh, the Midway slipped away from the other carriers after shutting off all electronic equipment that could be monitored by the Soviets. The Midway steamed south toward the Kurils and the Soviets did not track it. A group of at least six navy planes from the Midway and the Enterprise violated Soviet borders by flying over the island of Zelyony in the Kuril archipelago, which stretches between Kamchatka and Japan.

This climate of chaos and misjudgment on the ground was not reflected in the printed transcript of the radio intercept. The catastrophe was a window into the weaknesses of the Soviet military system, an example of how imprecise judgments and poor equipment could go terribly awry, but that was not what Reagan and his men saw in the transcript. In Washington, according to Seymour Hersh, a small group of analysts with air force intelligence realized within hours that the Soviets did not deliberately shoot down the airliner. These analysts prepared a secret presentation, using color slides, showing how the Cobra Ball mission may have led to the confusion. But in the heat of the moment, the presentation got little attention.

., Command of the Seas: Building the 600 Ship Navy(New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1988), Ch. 4, and p. 137. 13 Confidential source. 14 "The History of USS Enterprise (CVN-65) in 1983," Memorandum from J. J. Dantone to Chief of Naval Operations, April 23, 1984, and "Command History for Calendar Year 1983," Memorandum from Commanding Officer, Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadron 113, T. A. Chiprany, to Chief of Naval Operations, March 1, 1984. Watkins testimony is from Seymour M. Hersh, The Target Is Destroyed: What Really Happened to Flight 007 and What America Knew About It (New York: Random House, 1986), p. 24. 15 Hersh, pp. 25-26. 16 Andrei Illesh, "Secret of the Korean Boeing 747," Izvestia, January 24, 1991, p. 5. This was part of a lengthy series by the journalist. 17 Whitworth had received $60,000 from Walker just before he sailed on the Enterprise in late 1982.


pages: 913 words: 299,770

A People's History of the United States by Howard Zinn

active measures, affirmative action, agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, American ideology, anti-communist, Bartolomé de las Casas, Bernie Sanders, British Empire, clean water, colonial rule, death of newspapers, desegregation, equal pay for equal work, feminist movement, friendly fire, full employment, God and Mammon, Howard Zinn, Ida Tarbell, illegal immigration, jobless men, land reform, Mercator projection, Mikhail Gorbachev, minimum wage unemployment, Monroe Doctrine, new economy, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, offshore financial centre, Plutocrats, plutocrats, profit motive, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Savings and loan crisis, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, strikebreaker, Telecommunications Act of 1996, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transcontinental railway, union organizing, Upton Sinclair, very high income, War on Poverty, Works Progress Administration

“Meadlo turned to me and said: ‘Shoot, why don’t you shoot?’ “He was crying. “I said, ‘I can’t. I won’t.’ “Then Lieutenant Calley and Meadlo pointed their rifles into the ditch and fired. “People were diving on top of each other; mothers were trying to protect their children. . . .” Journalist Seymour Hersh, in his book My Lai 4, writes: When Army investigators reached the barren area in November, 1969, in connection with the My Lai probe in the United States, they found mass graves at three sites, as well as a ditch full of bodies. It was estimated that between 450 and 500 people—most of them women, children and old men—had been slain and buried there.

It was estimated that between 450 and 500 people—most of them women, children and old men—had been slain and buried there. The army tried to cover up what happened. But a letter began circulating from a GI named Ron Ridenhour, who had heard about the massacre. There were photos taken of the killing by an army photographer, Ronald Haeberle. Seymour Hersh, then working for an antiwar news agency in Southeast Asia called Dispatch News Service, wrote about it. The story of the massacre had appeared in May 1968 in two French publications, one called Sud Vietnam en Lutte, and another published by the North Vietnamese delegation to the peace talks in Paris—but the American press did not pay any attention.

The new arrivals, according to the embassy sources, include a number of Central Intelligence Agency specialists on Iran, in addition to diplomats and military personnel. In early 1979, as the crisis in Iran was intensifying, the former chief analyst on Iran for the CIA told New York Times reporter Seymour Hersh that “he and his colleagues knew of the tortures of Iranian dissenters by Savak, the Iranian secret police set up during the late 1950s by the Shah with help from the CIA.” Furthermore, he told Hersh that a senior CIA official was involved in instructing officials in Savak on torture techniques.


pages: 497 words: 161,742

The Enemy Within by Seumas Milne

active measures, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, Boris Johnson, collective bargaining, corporate governance, disinformation, Edward Snowden, Etonian, Fall of the Berlin Wall, invisible hand, Kickstarter, market fundamentalism, Mikhail Gorbachev, Naomi Klein, Neil Kinnock, Nelson Mandela, New Journalism, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, strikebreaker, union organizing, Washington Consensus, Winter of Discontent, éminence grise

The publication of speeches by Brezhnev and other senior politicians was seen by the KGB in Moscow as a ploy by the British intelligence service to get access to the top Soviet leadership.8 Then there is the case of Israel. Like most Maxwelliana, the original allegations about his links with the Israeli intelligence service Mossad have become hopelessly obscured by a welter of media hype, confusion, claim and counterclaim. Shortly before Maxwell’s death in 1991, Seymour Hersh, a Pulitzer Prize-winning American journalist who broke the story of the US massacre at My Lai in Vietnam in the late 1960s, published a book exposing Israel’s secret nuclear-weapons programme, called The Samson Option. In a final chapter aimed at the British market, Hersh alleged that Maxwell helped Mossad capture Mordechai Vanunu, the dissident nuclear technician who had passed information about Israel’s nuclear weapons plant at Dimona to the Sunday Times in 1986.

Stephen Dorril, The Silent Conspiracy, London 1993, p. 276; Bower, Maxwell, pp. 57, 59 and 91–2; Private Eye, 3 July 1992; Central Intelligence Machinery, HMSO, London 1993. 7. Guardian, 5 March 1990; Bower, Maxwell, pp. 143–8, 331 and 501. 8. Oleg Gordievsky, Next Stop Execution, London 1995, pp. 293–5; Dorril, The Silent Conspiracy, pp. 277–8; Sunday Times, 15 December 1991; Independent, 3 January 1992; Sunday Express, 15 March 1992. 9. Seymour Hersh, The Samson Option, London 1991, pp. 308–15. 10. Roy Greenslade, Maxwell’s Fall, London 1992, p. 333. 11. Nicholas Davies, The Unknown Maxwell, London 1992, p. 307; Bower, Maxwell, pp. 552–4. 12. Greenslade, Maxwell’s Fall, pp. 359 and 365. 13. Nicholas Davies, The Unknown Maxwell, London 1992, pp. 329 and 340; Dorril, The Silent Conspiracy, p. 278; Bower, Maxwell, p. 568; Greenslade, Maxwell’s Fall, pp. 208–9 and 338–9. 14.


pages: 339 words: 99,674

Pay Any Price: Greed, Power, and Endless War by James Risen

air freight, airport security, banking crisis, clean water, drone strike, Edward Snowden, greed is good, illegal immigration, income inequality, independent contractor, large denomination, Occupy movement, pattern recognition, pre–internet, RAND corporation, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, Stanford prison experiment, Stuxnet, too big to fail, WikiLeaks

His popularity in Washington and his political vulnerability in Baghdad raise an interesting question—was the decision to suddenly accelerate the cash flights in the CPA’s dying days part of an effort by the Bush administration to give Allawi a financial edge, to bolster him and consolidate his hold on power? Similar questions have been raised in the past. In 2005, Seymour Hersh, the investigative reporter for The New Yorker, wrote that the Bush administration had in the spring of 2004 engaged in a secret debate over whether to provide financial support to Allawi and his political allies while also using American money to stunt the power of more radical Shiite Iraqi figures.


pages: 568 words: 162,366

The Oil and the Glory: The Pursuit of Empire and Fortune on the Caspian Sea by Steve Levine

Berlin Wall, California gold rush, computerized trading, corporate raider, cuban missile crisis, facts on the ground, failed state, fixed income, independent contractor, indoor plumbing, John Deuss, Khyber Pass, megastructure, Menlo Park, Mikhail Gorbachev, oil rush, Potemkin village, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, telemarketer, trade route

This book could not have been written without the existing scholarship of Fitzroy Maclean, the British diplomat; Charles Marvin, the nineteenth-century British reporter who witnessed the Great Game firsthand; Antony C. Sutton, the investigator of America’s construction of the Soviet Union’s industrial might; and George F. Kennan, America’s Cold War–era diplomat and writer. Karl Garcia and Michelle Teofan are wonderful friends. Thanks to Dilda Baimukhamedova, Paul Bergne, Jim Falk, Ed Guzman, Seymour Hersh, Richard Hoagland, Scott Horton, Riffat Hussain, David Katz, Rick Kellett, Gulzhar Khan, Ismail Khan, Kodyr Kholmatov, Matt Kissinger, Stuart Korn, Scott LaFee, Paolo Lembo, Donald LeVine, Marina Liakhovitser, Maleeha Lodhi, Walt and Marzhan Marshall, Don Mayhew, Doug Mazzapica, Michael Ochs, Martha Olcott, Patrick O’Mara, Sam Patten, Pat Patterson, Bill Perkins, Andy Plowman, Debbie Puente, Chris Reynolds, Christoph Rosenberg, Michael Rosenthal, Dan Russell, Melissa Russell, John Schoberlein, Merrie Spaeth, Richard Spooner, Adam Sterling, Charlie Stewart, Bill Swartz, Linda Swartz, Hiroshi Takahashi, and Rauf Yusufzai.

Oman’s Ed Smith confirmed the general events of the meeting, and a source who asked not to be identified confirmed some of the remarks. “I’m authorized,” “like a doll,” “He can’t be”: Author interview with White. Soon after the agreement: Federal indictment of Giffen, April 2, 2003, p. 10; Seymour M. Hersh, “The Price of Oil,” The New Yorker, July 9, 2001. The details were confirmed with a principal in the transaction who spoke on condition of anonymity. “We worked hard”: Author interview with Smith. Chapter 17: An Army for Oil In fact, the Texas: Author interview with John Imle, May 13, 1997.


pages: 302 words: 74,878

A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger Life by Brian Grazer, Charles Fishman

4chan, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, Apple II, Asperger Syndrome, Bonfire of the Vanities, en.wikipedia.org, game design, Google Chrome, Howard Zinn, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, Norman Mailer, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, out of africa, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, the scientific method, Tim Cook: Apple

News & World Report, winner of the Pulitzer Prize for investigative reporting Jack Healey: human rights activist, former executive director of Amnesty International USA Thomas Heaton: seismologist, professor at California Institute of Technology, contributed to the development of earthquake early warning systems Peter Herbst: journalist, former editor of Premiere and New York magazines Danette Herman: talent executive for Academy Awards Seymour Hersh: investigative reporter, author, winner of the Pulitzer Prize for uncovering the My Lai massacre and its cover-up during the Vietnam War Dave Hickey: art and cultural critic who has written for Harper’s, Rolling Stone, and Vanity Fair Jim Hightower: progressive political activist, radio talk-show host Tommy Hilfiger: fashion designer, founder of lifestyle brand Christopher Hitchens: journalist and author who was a critic of politics and religion David Hockney: artist and major contributor to the Pop art movement in the 1960s Nancy Irwin: hypnotherapist Chris Isaak: musician, actor Michael Jackson: singer, songwriter, his 1982 album Thriller is the bestselling album of all time LeBron James: NBA basketball player Mort Janklow: literary agent, founder and chairman of the literary agency Janklow & Nesbit Associates Jay Z: musician, music producer, fashion designer, entrepreneur Wyclef Jean: musician, actor James Jebbia: CEO of the Supreme clothing brand Harry J.


pages: 253 words: 75,772

No Place to Hide: Edward Snowden, the NSA, and the U.S. Surveillance State by Glenn Greenwald

airport security, anti-communist, Cass Sunstein, Chelsea Manning, cognitive dissonance, David Brooks, Edward Snowden, Julian Assange, Mark Zuckerberg, Occupy movement, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Rubik’s Cube, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, Skype, Ted Kaczynski, WikiLeaks

It is but a short step to full identification with the needs of political officials. Hence, transparency is bad; adversarial journalism is malignant, possibly even criminal. Political leaders must be permitted to exercise power in the dark. In September 2013, these points were powerfully made by Seymour Hersh, the Pulitzer Prize–winning reporter who uncovered both the My Lai massacre and the Abu Ghraib scandal. In an interview with the Guardian, Hersh railed against what he called “the timidity of journalists in America, their failure to challenge the White House and be an unpopular messenger of truth.”


pages: 338 words: 74,302

Only Americans Burn in Hell by Jarett Kobek

AltaVista, coherent worldview, corporate governance, crony capitalism, Donald Trump, East Village, ghettoisation, Google Chrome, haute couture, illegal immigration, indoor plumbing, Jeff Bezos, mandelbrot fractal, MITM: man-in-the-middle, pre–internet, sexual politics, Seymour Hersh, Skype, Snapchat, Steve Bannon, Steve Jobs, Telecommunications Act of 1996

I’m an international bestseller, I’ve done countless radio appearances, I’ve been on television more times than is good for the spiritual health of any one person, I’ve been chased at the Frankfurt Book Fair by a swarm of book paparazzi, sat through about one hundred and fifty interviews, I’ve been hotboxed by Alan Moore, I’ve had Carl Bernstein talk to me about how his son plays guitar for Demi Lovato, I’ve informed Seymour Hersh about my cat’s irritable bowels, and I’ve annoyed Zadie Smith for about forty minutes at a reception filled with billionaires, Salman Rushdie, and the Jordanian royal family. I’m famous in Serbia. I’m writer-famous in Germany and the United Kingdom. The power differential has shifted. And we must embrace mercy above all things.


Cocaine Politics: Drugs, Armies, and the CIA in Central America by Peter Dale Scott, Jonathan Marshall

active measures, air freight, anti-communist, cuban missile crisis, disinformation, Mikhail Gorbachev, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, trade route, union organizing

Robert Parry, who broke both the Oliver North story and the Contra drug story, has observed, “The real effect o f The New York Times and The Washington Post is not only that they can sanctify something, but if they’re not covering it on anything like a regular basis, if they’ve decided it’s not news, it’s very hard to convince your editors at AP and even at Newsweek that it is news. . . . So they think, is this a guy who is off on his own tangent, following something that really isn’t a story that’s going to get us in trouble?” 10 Both the Times and the Post have had top-flight investigative journalists, such as Seymour Hersh and Bob Woodward, who from time to time have broken major stories critical o f U.S. intelligence excesses. Their ability to The Media and the Contra Drug Issue / 175 do this depends, however, on access, the price o f which has been discretion.11 Their infrequent stories about CIA assets who are involved with drug activities are usually (as in the case o f Hersh’s Noriega story in June 1986) published in the wake o f high-level dissension about the wisdom o f maintaining such assets.12 Behind the phenomenon o f pack journalism, we might add, is the reinforcing phenomenon o f pack publishing.


On the Road: Adventures From Nixon to Trump by James Naughtie

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Alistair Cooke, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Bear Stearns, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, centre right, collapse of Lehman Brothers, Donald Trump, Ferguson, Missouri, Haight Ashbury, illegal immigration, immigration reform, Julian Assange, Mikhail Gorbachev, Norman Mailer, obamacare, Plutocrats, plutocrats, post-work, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Seymour Hersh, South China Sea, Steve Bannon, trickle-down economics, white flight, WikiLeaks, Yom Kippur War, young professional, zero-sum game

It took two years for them to lose that fight. Gradually, but with devastating force, Nixon’s defences were breached in the Senate hearings and then pulled down. The blanket denials of the stream of stories that Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein had been producing in the Washington Post since the summer of 1972 (with Seymour Hersh and others in the New York Times competing at every turn) – which at first had been almost completely ignored by the papers in small-town America – were exploded. The burglary was shown to be only one melodramatic element of a campaign fuelled from inside by dirty tricks, illegal funds and a stream of cynicism, and the president himself revealed as something suspiciously close to the caricature his opponents had always painted of him – petty, shifty, duplicitous.


pages: 446 words: 117,660

Arguing With Zombies: Economics, Politics, and the Fight for a Better Future by Paul Krugman

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Andrei Shleifer, Asian financial crisis, bank run, banking crisis, basic income, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, bitcoin, blockchain, bond market vigilante , Bonfire of the Vanities, business cycle, capital asset pricing model, carbon footprint, Carmen Reinhart, central bank independence, centre right, Climategate, cognitive dissonance, cryptocurrency, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, different worldview, Donald Trump, Edward Glaeser, employer provided health coverage, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, Fall of the Berlin Wall, fiat currency, financial deregulation, financial innovation, financial repression, frictionless, frictionless market, fudge factor, full employment, Growth in a Time of Debt, hiring and firing, illegal immigration, income inequality, index fund, indoor plumbing, invisible hand, job automation, John Snow's cholera map, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Rogoff, knowledge worker, labor-force participation, large denomination, liquidity trap, London Whale, market bubble, market clearing, market fundamentalism, means of production, Modern Monetary Theory, New Urbanism, obamacare, oil shock, open borders, Paul Samuelson, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, price stability, quantitative easing, road to serfdom, Robert Gordon, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Reagan, salary depends on his not understanding it, secular stagnation, Seymour Hersh, The Chicago School, The Great Moderation, the map is not the territory, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade liberalization, transaction costs, universal basic income, very high income, working-age population

People claim to be shocked at the Bush administration’s attempts—which, for a time, were all too successful—to intimidate the press. But this administration’s media tactics, and to a large extent the people implementing those tactics, come straight out of the Nixon administration. Dick Cheney wanted to search Seymour Hersh’s apartment, not last week, but in 1975. Roger Ailes, the president of Fox News, was Nixon’s media adviser. People claim to be shocked at the Bush administration’s attempts to equate dissent with treason. But Goldwater—who, like Reagan, has been reinvented as an icon of conservative purity but was a much less attractive figure in real life—staunchly supported Joseph McCarthy, and was one of only twenty-two senators who voted against a motion censuring the demagogue.


pages: 1,800 words: 596,972

The Great War for Civilisation: The Conquest of the Middle East by Robert Fisk

Albert Einstein, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Boycotts of Israel, British Empire, call centre, clean water, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, disinformation, Farzad Bazoft, friendly fire, Howard Zinn, IFF: identification friend or foe, invisible hand, Islamic Golden Age, Khartoum Gordon, Khyber Pass, land reform, Mahatma Gandhi, Mikhail Gorbachev, music of the spheres, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, the market place, Thomas L Friedman, Transnistria, unemployed young men, uranium enrichment, Yom Kippur War

Chapter Sixteen: Betrayal 646 “Rise to save the homeland”: See Middle East Reporter (Beirut), 25 February 1991, p. 4, “Iraqis Urged to Revolt, Save Country from Dictatorship, War.” 647 the Iraqis had tried to jam: See Middle East Reporter (Beirut), 4 January 1991, “Anti-Saddam Radio Believed Jammed.” 647 “the allies to liberate Iraq”: Interview with Haidar al-Assadi, Beirut, 3 May 1998. 649 Iraqi dead at up to 150,000: Middle East Reporter (Beirut), 1 March 1991. 649 had claimed that 26,000 Iraqis: Jumhouri-y Islami (Tehran), 19 February 1991, cited by Dilip Hiro in letter to The Independent, 8 February 1992. 649 When a Pentagon source: Newsday, 12 September 1991, cited by Hiro, as above. 650 dropped nearly as many tons: International Herald Tribune, 10 July 1996, quoting New York Times article by Tim Weiner, “Smart Arms in Gulf War Are Found Overrated.” 650 “35—almost one-quarter”: Associated Press report from Washington, 13 August 1991, “Gulf Friendly Fire Casualties Rise,” by Susanne M. Chafer. 650 The independent U.S. General Accounting Office: See International Herald Tribune, 10 July 1996, op. cit. 650 In fact, as Seymour Hersh: New Yorker, 26 September 1994, pp. 86–99, “Missile Wars,” by Seymour Hersh, esp. p. 92. (n.) 650 Timothy McVeigh, a promising young soldier: Reuters report in Irish Times, 3 June 1997. 652 All of this I duly reported: See Independent, 27 March 1991. (n.) 652 Other testimony to Kuwaiti persecution: See, for example, Libération, 20 March 1991, “La grande peur des Palestiniens du Kuweit,” by Jean Michel Thénard. 657 The refugees who now streamed: See Guardian, 14 March 1991, “Rebels ‘hanged from tank gun barrels’ by Saddam’s men,” by Sharif Imam-Jomeh (Reuters) and Nora Boustany (Washington Post). 658 “Better the Saddam Hussein”: Guardian, 13 March 1991, “Britain and U.S. part over Iraqi rebels,” by Hella Pick. 661 would be compared to the Soviet demands: See, for example, Independent , 28 March 1991, “Fiddling while Basra burns,” by Godfrey Hodgson. 663 “What’s the better option”: International Herald Tribune , 23 March 1991, quoting Washington Post report by Dan Balz and Al Kamen, “U.S.

The supposedly “invisible” Stealth achieved only around a 40 per cent success rate on bombing runs, while only 8 per cent of the bomb tonnage dropped on Iraqi targets were “smart” or guided munitions. The much-trumpeted Patriot anti-missile missile, the GAO said, destroyed only 40 per cent of the Scud missiles aimed at Israel and 70 per cent of those fired at Saudi Arabia. In fact, as Seymour Hersh, that blessing for journalism, would reveal, an Israeli air force report later stated that “there is no clear evidence of a single successful intercept” of an Iraqi Scud by a Patriot over Israel. Inside the city of Kuwait, we journalists were overwhelmed by stories of Kuwaiti loss and fierce revenge against the Palestinians, a phenomenon that the Americans simply ignored.

Although American officers told me in 1991 that Israel’s “intelligence” on the location of Scud batteries in the Iraqi desert invariably turned out to be wrong, it is interesting that de la Billière—believing that Israel would enter the war after Saddam’s provocative Scud attacks on Tel Aviv and other cities—“began to devise a plan whereby we would allocate their [Israeli] ground forces a sector of Iraq in which to operate exclusively.” 142 The most thorough investigation of this scandalous attack was conducted by the same man who revealed the Abu Ghraib torture scandal in 2004: Seymour Hersh. As usual, the “pool” journalists failed to uncover the extent of the 24th Division’s killings and presented it as an Iraqi assault on the Americans. 143 Journalists would subject Iraqi armed forces to unprecedented metamorphoses in the quarter-century between 1980 and 2005. When they invaded Iran, many of the Iraqi army units were obsequiously referred to in the Western media as “crack troops”—they were, after all, attacking “expansionist” Iran.


The Chomsky Reader by Noam Chomsky

American ideology, anti-communist, Bolshevik threat, British Empire, business climate, cognitive dissonance, conceptual framework, cuban missile crisis, Deng Xiaoping, disinformation, European colonialism, feminist movement, Howard Zinn, interchangeable parts, land reform, land tenure, means of production, Monroe Doctrine, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, strikebreaker, theory of mind, Thomas L Friedman, union organizing, War on Poverty, zero-sum game, éminence grise

Herman, Atrocities in Vietnam (Boston: Pilgrim Press, 1970), p. 47. On American programs in earlier years to develop “assassination teams” and “prosecutors-executors,” see William A. Nighwsonger, Rural Pacification in Vietnam (New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1967), pp. 136–37. For more recent reports, see also Seymour Hersh, Cover-up (New York: Random House, 1972); Jeffrey Race, War Comes to Long An (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971); and Frances Fitzgerald, Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam (Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1972). For a general review of the Phoenix program, see Jon Cooper, “Operation Phoenix,” Department of History, Dartmouth College.

.: Westview Press, 1985); and UCLA historian E. Bradford Burns, In These Times, January 25, 1984. 26. Karen Remmer, in Jan Black, ed., Latin America: Its Problems and Its Promise (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1984). See also, among others, Morton Halperin et al., The Lawless State (New York: Penguin Books, 1976); and Seymour Hersh, The Price of Power (New York: Summit Books, 1983). 27. Council on Hemispheric Affairs, April 2, 1985; also June 26, 1983; Jan Black in Black, Latin America; Tom Farer, “Human Rights and Human Welfare in Latin America,” Daedalus, Fall 1983. 28. Denis Warner, The Last Confucian (New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1963), P. 312.


pages: 274 words: 85,557

DarkMarket: Cyberthieves, Cybercops and You by Misha Glenny

Berlin Wall, Bretton Woods, Brian Krebs, BRICs, call centre, Chelsea Manning, Fall of the Berlin Wall, illegal immigration, James Watt: steam engine, Julian Assange, MITM: man-in-the-middle, pirate software, Potemkin village, reserve currency, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, Skype, Stuxnet, urban sprawl, white flight, WikiLeaks, zero day

For the moment, the United States is the acknowledged front-runner as developer of offensive cyber weapons. But the Chinese, the French and the Israelis are snapping at their heels, with the Indians and British not far behind. The militarisation of cyberspace was foreseeable. Where this is leading us is, by contrast, understood by nobody. Writing in The New Yorker, the ever-perceptive Seymour Hersh teased out the implications of the Chinese having nicked the secrets from the reconnaissance plane’s hard drive: The EP-3E debacle fuelled a long-standing debate within the military and in the Obama Administration. Many military leaders view the Chinese penetration as a warning about present and future vulnerabilities – about the possibility that China, or some other nation, could use its expanding cyber skills to attack America’s civilian infrastructure and military complex.


pages: 400 words: 121,708

1983: Reagan, Andropov, and a World on the Brink by Taylor Downing

active measures, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, cuban missile crisis, disinformation, Donald Trump, Fall of the Berlin Wall, full employment, kremlinology, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, nuclear paranoia, nuclear winter, RAND corporation, Robert Hanssen: Double agent, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Seymour Hersh, Stanislav Petrov, Vladimir Vetrov: Farewell Dossier, Yom Kippur War

He was of course absolutely correct. 13 Gordievsky, Next Stop Execution, p.223. 14 Andrew and Gordievsky, KGB: The Inside Story, pp.477–8. 15 FLASHBACK: Unless otherwise stated the details about Rainer Rupp are taken from his interview. 16 Wolf, Man Without a Face, p.299. 17 Steve Vogel, ‘The Spy Who Loved Her’, Washington Post, 16 November 1994. 18 Wolf, Man Without a Face, p.317; and FLASHBACK: Interview with Rainer Rupp. 19 FLASHBACK: Interview with Rainer Rupp. 20 Wolf, Man Without a Face, p.300. 21 Ibid., pp.xi & 222. 8 PSYOPS 1 R. W. Johnson, Shootdown, p.55. 2 Seymour Hersh, The Target is Destroyed, p.25. 3 Ibid., pp.24–5. 4 CIA: Ben Fischer, Intelligence Monograph, A Cold War Conundrum, p.8. 5 Ibid., p.7. 6 Ibid., p.7. 7 NSA: Johnson, American Cryptology during the Cold War, National Security Agency, 1999, Top Secret, p.318. 8 NSA: Johnson, American Cryptology during the Cold War, National Security Agency, 1999, Top Secret, p.331. 9 Reed, At the Abyss, p.267. 10 Ibid., p.268. 11 Ibid., p.269. 12 NSA: The 1983 War Scare Briefing Book, Vol I, No. 426, Document 12: Harriman Papers, Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, Box 655. 13 His wife was Pamela Churchill Hayward, the former wife of Winston Churchill’s son Randolph.


pages: 566 words: 144,072

In the Graveyard of Empires: America's War in Afghanistan by Seth G. Jones

business climate, clean water, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, disinformation, drone strike, failed state, friendly fire, invisible hand, Khyber Pass, Mikhail Gorbachev, Murray Gell-Mann, open borders, purchasing power parity, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, trade route, zero-sum game

Author interview with Ambassador James Dobbins, September 21, 2004; Richard Clarke, Against All Enemies: Inside America’s War on Terror (New York: Free Press, 2004); Afghanistan Stabilization and Reconstruction: A Status Report, Hearing Before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, S. Hrg. 108–460, January 27, 2004, pp. 14, 17–18; Seymour M. Hersh, “The Other War: Why Bush’s Afghanistan Problem Won’t Go Away,” The New Yorker, April 12, 2004; Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in Afghanistan and Its Implications for International Peace and Security, UN doc A/56/875-S/2002/278, para. 98. 23. General Tommy Franks with Malcolm McConnell, American Soldier (New York: Regan Books, 2004), p. 324. 24.

Author interview with Lieutenant Colonel Edward O’Connell (ret.), October 4, 2007. 57. Author interview with Richard Armitage, October 17, 2007. 58. Gary C. Schroen, First In: An Insider’s Account of How the CIA Spearheaded the War on Terror in Afghanistan (New York: Ballantine Books, 2005), p. 360. 59. See, for example, Seymour Hersh, Chain of Command (New York: HarperCollins, 2004), p. 188; George Packer, The Assassins’ Gate: America in Iraq (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2006), p. 45. 60. Author interview with Robert Grenier, November 6, 2007. 61. Author interview with Lieutenant General Karl Eikenberry, October 27, 2007. 62.


pages: 762 words: 206,865

Berlin 1961: Kennedy, Khrushchev, and the Most Dangerous Place on Earth by Frederick Kempe

Berlin Wall, cuban missile crisis, Deng Xiaoping, desegregation, disinformation, Fall of the Berlin Wall, full employment, index card, Kitchen Debate, Mikhail Gorbachev, open borders, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, trade liberalization, traveling salesman, zero-sum game

Larry Newman, who had joined the Secret Service in 1960, was less worried about the morality issues involved than he was that the president’s chief procurer of women, Dave Powers, would not allow security checks or searches of any of the women who were escorted past bodyguards. This was at a time when all the agents around the president had been warned that Fidel Castro might be planning a revenge hit over the Bay of Pigs. “We didn’t know if the President the next morning would be dead or alive,” Newman recalled later to investigative journalist Seymour Hersh. Newman said agents only half jokingly debated among themselves who would draw the black bean to testify before the appropriate House subcommittee should the president be harmed. Tony Sherman, a member of the Kennedy security detail from Salt Lake City, would later recall days when Kennedy “would not work at all.”

“The U.S. is unwilling”: FRUS, 1961–1963, vol. V, Soviet Union, Doc. 87, Memcon, p. 219. “God, we ought”: Edward Klein, All Too Human: The Love Story of Jack and Jackie Kennedy. New York: Pocket Books, 1997, 267. So began what the three men: O’Donnell and Powers, with McCarthy, “Johnny, We Hardly Knew Ye,” 292; Seymour M. Hersh, The Dark Side of Camelot. Boston: Little, Brown, 1997, 10, 228. Between 500,000 and 1 million people: Klein, All Too Human, 266–268. At Orly Airport: New York Times, 06/01/1961. The cheers grew: Washington Post, 06/01/1961. Abroad, Kennedy’s failure: Richard Reeves, President Kennedy: Profile of Power.


Pirates and Emperors, Old and New by Noam Chomsky

American ideology, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, collective bargaining, conceptual framework, cuban missile crisis, disinformation, drone strike, Fall of the Berlin Wall, land reform, liberation theology, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, union organizing, urban planning

Elsewhere, in an Israeli-organized propaganda conference on terrorism in Washington (see preface, note 15), Johnson praised Israel for taking “drastic measures” to fight “the terrorist cancer,” as in its 1982 invasion of Lebanon: “The truth is, by having the moral and physical courage to violate a so-called sovereign frontier, and by placing the moral law above the formalities of state rights, Israel was able for the first time to strike at the heart of the cancer, to arrest its growth and to send it into headlong retreat” (quoted by Wolf Blitzer, Jerusalem Post, June 29, 1984)—the opposite of Israel’s intent, as discussed in chapter 2, but intent aside, a truly impressive display of moral and physical courage, and an interesting insight into Johnson’s conception of “moral law.” 21. Haley, Qaddafi and the U.S., 271f. For extensive details on the Reaganite obsession with Libya and plans to kill Qaddafi, see Seymour Hersh, New York Times Magazine, February 27, 1987. Hersh’s important article appeared during the window of opportunity commonly provided by exposure of some scandal, in this case the Iran–Contra affair, which aroused much attention, but avoiding the most crucial aspects. See chapter 4, and for background and detail, Jonathan Marshall, Peter Dale Scott, and Jane Hunter, The Iran–Contra Connection (South End Press, 1987) and Culture of Terrorism. 22.


pages: 282 words: 92,998

Cyber War: The Next Threat to National Security and What to Do About It by Richard A. Clarke, Robert Knake

barriers to entry, complexity theory, data acquisition, Just-in-time delivery, MITM: man-in-the-middle, nuclear winter, packet switching, RAND corporation, Robert Hanssen: Double agent, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, smart grid, South China Sea, Steve Jobs, trade route, undersea cable, Y2K, zero day

Army tied down in Vietnam, he held his fire, lest the incident escalate into a second U.S. war in Asia. Seven months later, a U.S. Navy submarine was allegedly operating inside the territorial waters of the Soviet Union when the ship collided underwater with a Red Navy submarine. Six years later Seymour Hersh reported, “The American submarine, the USS Gato, was on a highly classified reconnaissance mission as part of what the Navy called the Holystone program when she and the Soviet submarine collided fifteen to twenty-five miles off the entrance to the White Sea.” According to Peter Sasgen’s excellent Stalking the Bear, “Operation Holystone was a series of missions carried out during the Cold War [that] encompassed everything from recording the acoustic signatures of individual Soviet submarines to collecting electronic communications to videotaping weapon tests.”


pages: 322 words: 99,066

The End of Secrecy: The Rise and Fall of WikiLeaks by The "Guardian", David Leigh, Luke Harding

4chan, banking crisis, centre right, Chelsea Manning, citizen journalism, Climategate, cloud computing, credit crunch, crowdsourcing, Downton Abbey, drone strike, eurozone crisis, friendly fire, global village, Hacker Ethic, impulse control, Jacob Appelbaum, Julian Assange, knowledge economy, Mohammed Bouazizi, Nelson Mandela, offshore financial centre, post-work, rolodex, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, Skype, Steven Levy, uranium enrichment, WikiLeaks

he said … Jónsdóttir was now in tears, too, and wiping her nose. Assange premiered the Apache helicopter video at the National Press Club in Washington on 5 April. He chose to title it “Collateral Murder”. Although the video caused a stir, something went wrong. It did not generate the universal outrage and pressure for reform of, say, Seymour Hersh’s earlier exposé of leaked photos in the New Yorker showing Iraqi prisoners being humiliated and tortured in Abu Ghraib prison. One of the reasons why the video caused less of a storm than he had hoped was that Reuters, whose own employees had been killed, chose not to go on the attack over the leaked information.


Artificial Whiteness by Yarden Katz

affirmative action, AI winter, algorithmic bias, Amazon Mechanical Turk, autonomous vehicles, blue-collar work, cellular automata, cloud computing, colonial rule, computer vision, conceptual framework, Danny Hillis, David Graeber, desegregation, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, European colonialism, Ferguson, Missouri, housing crisis, income inequality, information retrieval, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, Kevin Kelly, knowledge worker, Mark Zuckerberg, mass incarceration, Menlo Park, Nate Silver, natural language processing, Norbert Wiener, pattern recognition, phenotype, Philip Mirowski, RAND corporation, recommendation engine, rent control, Rodney Brooks, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, Shoshana Zuboff, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Skype, speech recognition, statistical model, Stephen Hawking, Stewart Brand, surveillance capitalism, talking drums, telemarketer, The Signal and the Noise by Nate Silver, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks

It took years of unlearning to come to a different view, which this book attempts to synthesize. I hope my idiosyncratic presentation will be useful to some, especially those already suspicious of fields and their labels. Thinking about the phenomena described in this book hasn’t really been a pleasant experience. It reminds me of a story about the journalist Seymour Hersh. When Hersh completed his book on the notorious strategist of American empire, Henry Kissinger, he sent a copy to one of Kissinger’s vociferous critics, Noam Chomsky. Chomsky wrote Hersh back that his book was “really fabulous, apart from the feeling that one is crawling through a sewer.” While Kissinger the man plays only a small role in my book—though what he represents certainly looms large—in writing it, I also felt like I was crawling through a sewer.


pages: 1,071 words: 295,220

Rise and Kill First: The Secret History of Israel's Targeted Assassinations by Ronen Bergman

Ayatollah Khomeini, Boycotts of Israel, British Empire, card file, conceptual framework, cuban missile crisis, disinformation, Edward Snowden, facts on the ground, friendly fire, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, Marshall McLuhan, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, Stuxnet, uranium enrichment, WikiLeaks, Yom Kippur War

Miscellaneous correspondence between Foreign Ministry and the Israeli embassy in Paris (author’s archive, received from “Paul”). “the Red Pages were open-ended” Interview with “Polly,” March 2016. Shamir re-endorsed the Red Page for Bseiso Interview with “the Pilot,” November 2015. “I arrived in Paris on that day” Interview with Robert Baer (in the presence of Seymour Hersh), August 2001. Email from Robert Baer, February 1, 2016. According to a number of sources Interviews with “Polly,” March 2016, and “the Pilot,” November 2015. A judicial inquiry into the murder remains open Interview with Judge Jean-Louis Bruguière, May 2000. The targeted killing…badly weakened the PLO Bergman, Authority Granted, 178–79 (Hebrew).

Ronen Cohen (AMAN Officer), Yair Cohen, Yuval Cohen-Abarbanel, Reuven Dafni, Meir Dagan, Avraham Dar, Yossi Daskal, Ruth Dayan, Uzi Dayan, Puyya Dayanim, Ofer Dekel, Avi Dichter, Yuval Diskin, Amnon Dror, Moshe Efrat, Dov Eichenwald, Uzi Eilam, Giora Eiland, Robert Einhorn, Yom Tov (Yomi) Eini, Amos Eiran, Ehud Eiran, Elad Eisenberg, Miri Eisin, Rafael Eitan, Rolf Ekeus, Ofer Elad, Avigdor Eldan (Azulay), Mike Eldar, Jean-Pierre Elraz, Haggai Erlich, Reuven Erlich, Dror Eshel, Shmuel Ettinger, Uzi Even, Gideon Ezra, Meir Ezri, Aharon Zeevi Farkash, Menachem Finkelstein, Amit Forlit, Moti Friedman, Uzi Gal, Yehoar Gal, Yoav Galant, Yoram Galin, Robert Gates, Karmit Gatmon, Yeshayahu Gavish, Shlomo Gazit, Yoav Gelber, Reuel Gerecht, Dieter Gerhardt, Erez Gerstein, Binyamin Gibli, Mordechai Gichon, Gideon Gideon, Yehuda Gil, Amos Gilad, Amos Gilboa, Carmi Gillon, Yossi Ginat, Isabella Ginor, Yossi Ginossar, Caroline Glick, Tamar Golan, Motti Golani, Ralph Goldman, Gadi Goldstein, Karnit Goldwasser, David Golomb, Sarit Gomez, Oleg Gordievsky, Ran Goren, Uri Goren, Eitan Haber, Arie Hadar, Amin al-Hajj, Asher Hakaini, Eli Halachmi, Aharon Halevi, Aliza Magen Halevi, Aviram Halevi, David Halevi, Amnon Halivni, Uri Halperin, Dan Halutz, August Hanning, Alouph Hareven, Elkana Har Nof, Dani Harari, Shalom Harari, Isser Harel, Hani al-Hassan, Yisrael Hasson, Robert Hatem, Shai Herschkovich, Seymour Hersh, Robin Higgins, Shlomo Hillel, Gal Hirsch, Yair Hirschfeld, Yitzhak Hofi, Lior Horev, Yehiel Horev, Rami Igra, Yitzhak Ilan, Shimshon Issaki, David Ivri, Aryeh Ivtzan, Yehiel Kadishai, Oleg Kalugin, Anat Kamm, Tsvi Kantor, Yehudit Karp, Asa Kasher, Eugene Kaspersky, Samy Katsav, Kassa Kebede, Paul Kedar, Ruth Kedar, Moti Kfir, Gedaliah Khalaf, Moti Kidor, David Kimche, Yarin Kimor, Ephraim Kleiman, David Klein, Yoni Koren, Joseph Kostiner, Aryeh Krishak, Itzhak Kruizer, David Kubi, Chen Kugel, David Kulitz, Yossi Kuperwasser, Anat Kurz, Gunther Latsch, Eliot Lauer, Nachum Lev, Shimon Lev, Alex Levac, Amihai Levi, Nathan Levin, Nathaniel Levitt, Aharon Levran, Avi Levy, Gideon Levy, Udi Levy, Bernard Lewis, Rami Liber, Avi Lichter, Alon Liel, Danny Limor, Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, Dror Livne, Tzipi Livni, Lior Lotan, Uri Lubrani, Uzi Mahnaimi, Nir Man, Francine Manbar, Nahum Manbar, Victor Marchetti, Dan Margalit, David Meidan, Gideon Meir, Moshe Meiri, Nehemia Meiri, Yoram Meital, David Menashri, Ariel Merari, Reuven Merhav, Dan Meridor, Joy Kid Merkham, Gidi Meron, Hezi Meshita, Benny Michelson, Amram Mitzna, Ilan Mizrahi, Shaul Mofaz, Yekutiel Mor, Yitzhak Mordechai, Shmuel (Sami) Moriah, Benny Morris, Shlomo Nakdimon, Hamid Nasrallah, David Nataf, Yair Naveh, Yoni Navon, Menahem Navot, Ori Neeman, Yuval Ne’eman, Jack Neria, Benjamin Netanyahu, Yaakov Nimrodi, Nimrod Nir, Alberto Nisman, Moshe Nissim, Tzila Noiman, Rafi Noy, Oded (last name confidential), Arye Oded, Raphael Ofek, Amir Ofer, Ehud Olmert, Reza Pahlavi Shah, Gabriel Pasquini, Alexander Patnic, Shmuel Paz, Avi Peled, Yossi Peled, Gustavo Perednik, Shimon Peres, Amir Peretz, Yuri Perfilyev, Yaakov Peri, Richard Perle, Israel Perlov, Giandomenico Picco, Zvi Poleg, Eli Pollak, Yigal Pressler, Avi Primor, Ron Pundak, Yitzhak Pundak, Ahmed Qrea, Rona Raanan Shafrir, Dalia Rabin, Itamar Rabinovich, Gideon Rafael, Rani Rahav, Jibril Rajoub, Natan Rotberg (Rahav), Haggai Ram, Haim Ramon, Muhammad Rashid, Yair Ravid-Ravitz, Oded Raz, Benny Regev, Yiftach Reicher Atir, Shlomi Reisman, Daniel Reisner, Bill Rois, Dafna Ron, Eran Ron, Yiftah Ron-Tal, Avraham Rotem, Danny Rothschild, Elyakim Rubinstein, Joseph Saba, Dov Sadan, Ezra Sadan, Rachel Sadan, Jehan Sadat, Uri Sagie, Ori Salonim, Wafiq al-Samarrai, Yom Tov Samia, Eli Sanderovich, Yossi Sarid, Nicolas Sarkozy, Igal Sarna, Moshe Sasson, Uri Savir, Oded Savoray, Yezid Sayigh, David Scharia, Otniel Schneller, Yoram Schweitzer, Patrick Seale, Itzhak Segev, Samuel Segev, Dror Sela, Aviem Sella, David Senesh, Michael Sfard, Oren Shachor, Yarin Shahaf, Moshe Shahal, Hezi Shai, Emmanuel Shaked, Arik Shalev, Noam Shalit, Silvan Shalom, Yitzhak Shamir, Shimon Shapira, Yaakov Shapira, Assaf Shariv, Shabtai Shavit, Gideon Sheffer, Rami Sherman, Shimon Sheves, David Shiek, Dov Shilansky, Dubi Shiloah, Gad Shimron, Amir Shoham, Dan Shomron, David Shomron, Eliad Shraga, Zvi Shtauber, Yigal Simon, Efraim Sneh, Ovadia Sofer, Sami Sokol, Ali Soufan, Yuval Steinitz, Elazar Stern, Rafi Sutton, Rami Tal, Anat Talshir, Dov Tamari, Avraham Tamir, Elhanan Tannenbaum, Benjamin Telem, Ahmad Tibi, Izhak Tidhar, Rafi Tidhar, Yona Tilman, Tawfiq Tirawi, Haim Tomer, Richard Tomlinson, Eliezer (Geize) Tsafrir, Moshe Tsipper, Yoram Turbowicz, Shalom Turgeman, David Tzur, Ernst Uhrlau, Alon Unger, Rehavia Vardi, Matan Vilnai, David Vital, Ali Waked, Tim Weiner, Anita Weinstein, Avi Weiss Livne, Dov Weissglass, Robert Windrem, Paul Wolfowitz, James Woolsey, Yitzhak Ya’akov, Moshe Ya’alon, Amos Yadlin, Yoram Yair, Amos Yaron, Danny Yatom, Ehud Yatom, Eli Yossef, Dov Zakheim, Zvi Zamir, Benny Zeevi, Dror Ze’evi, Nadav Zeevi, Doron Zehavi, Eli Zeira, Amnon Zichroni, Eyal Zisser, Eli Ziv, Shabtai Ziv, Eli Zohar, Gadi Zohar, and Giora Zussman, as well as 350 interviewees who cannot be named; the initials or code names of 163 of them appear in the endnotes.


pages: 359 words: 110,488

Bad Blood: Secrets and Lies in a Silicon Valley Startup by John Carreyrou

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, bioinformatics, corporate governance, Donald Trump, El Camino Real, Elon Musk, Google Chrome, John Markoff, Jony Ive, Kickstarter, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Mars Rover, medical malpractice, Menlo Park, obamacare, Ponzi scheme, ride hailing / ride sharing, Right to Buy, Sand Hill Road, Seymour Hersh, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, stealth mode startup, Steve Jobs, supply-chain management, Travis Kalanick, ubercab

The only response he got: Letter dated July 5, 2012, sent by David Boies to Jennifer Ishimoto. In 1992, when John was fresh: Terex Corporation et al. v. Richard Fuisz et al., No. 1:1992-cv-0941, U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, deposition of John Fuisz taken on February 17, 1993, in Washington, D.C., 118–54. At the time, Richard Fuisz: “Manufacturer Sues Seymour Hersh over Scud Launcher Report,” Associated Press, April 17, 1992. Even though the incident was twenty years old: Terex Corporation et al. v. Richard Fuisz et al., stipulation filed on December 2, 1996, by Judge Royce C. Lamberth dismissing case with prejudice. Boies’s strategy of painting John: Theranos, Inc. et al. v.


pages: 1,016 words: 283,960

Aftermath: Following the Bloodshed of America's Wars in the Muslim World by Nir Rosen

Ayatollah Khomeini, failed state, glass ceiling, Google Earth, liberal capitalism, Parag Khanna, selection bias, Seymour Hersh, unemployed young men, urban sprawl, éminence grise

He spends his time in Iraq not at American news conferences in the secure Green Zone, but in the villages and cities of the battered nation, interviewing the victims of Saddam Hussein as well as the victims of our seven-year-old war. His dispatches, and this book, reflect the madness of the mission.” —Seymour Hersh “Nir Rosen is always provocative—he makes you see another side of an issue. In Aftermath, Rosen, at great personal risk, captured how Iraqis, Lebanese and Afghans from across society view U.S. actions in their nations. You may disagree and you will probably be angry, but if you wish to understand these conflicts and their impacts into the future, you need to read this book.”

Likewise, Monika Bauerlein of Mother Jones. Betsy Reed gave this manuscript a vigorous read, which I thank her for. I owe a big debt to Jonathan Shainin, my good friend who runs the best weekend review section in the English language at the National in Abu Dhabi. Ghaith Abdul Ahad, Hannah Allam, Tom Bigley, Leila Fadel, Seymour Hersh, Bob Bateman, and Andrew Exum are friends and colleagues who helped, advised, challenged, and inspired me. In Afghanistan, Shahir and Melek gave me friendship, help, and also saved my life. Thanks to Qais for helping out with that too. Thanks to Aziz Hakimi, Aners Fange, Andrew Wilder and Peter Jouvenal, Fazel Rabie Haqbeen, Mullah Tariq Osman, Josh Foust, Professor Tom Johnson, Tom Stanworth, John Moore, Matt Bruggmann, Steve Clemons, As’ad Abu Khalil, Kristele Younes, Peter Bergen, Elizabeth Campbell, Joel Charney, Scott Armstrong, the Theros family, Ahmad, Marika, Nick, the Zivkovic family, the Lombardi family, and my editor at Rolling Stone, Eric Bates.


pages: 404 words: 119,055

One Day in September by Simon Reeve

disinformation, fear of failure, friendly fire, New Journalism, Seymour Hersh, two and twenty, white flight, Yom Kippur War

Further details can be found in James Risen and David Johnston, “Bush Has Widened Authority of C.I.A. to Kill Terrorists,” New York Times, December 15, 2002. 26 Amnesty International news release published on November 11, 2002. 27 Quoted by Seymour M. Hersh, “Manhunt,” New Yorker, December 23, 2002. 28 Author interviews with Western intelligence sources. 29 Michael Hirsh and John Barry, “The Salvador Option,” Newsweek, January 8, 2005. 30 Douglas Valentine, The Phoenix Program, published by Backinprint.com. Also Seymour M. Hersh, “Manhunt.” 31 Julian Coman, “CIA plans new secret police to fight Iraq terrorism,” Daily Telegraph, January 4, 2004. 32 For an understanding of what happened in Algeria, watch the extraordinary movie The Battle of Algiers.


pages: 390 words: 115,303

Catch and Kill: Lies, Spies, and a Conspiracy to Protect Predators by Ronan Farrow

Airbnb, Bernie Sanders, business intelligence, crowdsourcing, David Strachan, Donald Trump, East Village, forensic accounting, Jeff Bezos, Jeffrey Epstein, Live Aid, Peter Thiel, Saturday Night Live, Seymour Hersh, Skype

I just think there’s enough here that it deserves that chance.” A silence across the room, a few glances exchanged. “Alright,” said Remnick, without drama, in a scene from a different movie. “You’ll work with Deirdre. No guarantees until this is fact-checked.” Remnick was thoughtful, restrained. He had published Seymour Hersh’s contentious national security reporting on Afghanistan and Pakistan, and Lawrence Wright’s investigation into the Church of Scientology. But this would be a new and specific kind of challenge. “We do this straight down the middle,” he said. “Just the facts.” Not long after, at the Loews Regency hotel on Park Avenue, Harvey Weinstein met with an actress, then retired to a corner with a familiar companion: Dylan Howard, of the National Enquirer.


pages: 413 words: 119,587

Machines of Loving Grace: The Quest for Common Ground Between Humans and Robots by John Markoff

"Robert Solow", A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, AI winter, airport security, Apple II, artificial general intelligence, Asilomar, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, backpropagation, basic income, Baxter: Rethink Robotics, Bill Atkinson, Bill Duvall, bioinformatics, Brewster Kahle, Burning Man, call centre, cellular automata, Chris Urmson, Claude Shannon: information theory, Clayton Christensen, clean water, cloud computing, collective bargaining, computer age, computer vision, crowdsourcing, Danny Hillis, DARPA: Urban Challenge, data acquisition, Dean Kamen, deskilling, don't be evil, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Hofstadter, Dynabook, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, factory automation, From Mathematics to the Technologies of Life and Death, future of work, Galaxy Zoo, Google Glasses, Google X / Alphabet X, Grace Hopper, Gunnar Myrdal, Gödel, Escher, Bach, Hacker Ethic, haute couture, Herbert Marcuse, hive mind, hypertext link, indoor plumbing, industrial robot, information retrieval, Internet Archive, Internet of things, invention of the wheel, Jacques de Vaucanson, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, John Conway, John Markoff, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, John von Neumann, Kevin Kelly, knowledge worker, Kodak vs Instagram, labor-force participation, loose coupling, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, medical residency, Menlo Park, Mitch Kapor, Mother of all demos, natural language processing, new economy, Norbert Wiener, PageRank, pattern recognition, pre–internet, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Stallman, Robert Gordon, Rodney Brooks, Sand Hill Road, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, semantic web, Seymour Hersh, shareholder value, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Singularitarianism, skunkworks, Skype, social software, speech recognition, stealth mode startup, Stephen Hawking, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, strong AI, superintelligent machines, technological singularity, Ted Nelson, telemarketer, telepresence, telepresence robot, Tenerife airport disaster, The Coming Technological Singularity, the medium is the message, Thorstein Veblen, Turing test, Vannevar Bush, Vernor Vinge, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, Whole Earth Catalog, William Shockley: the traitorous eight, zero-sum game

However, during the 1960s and 1970s, the Vietnam War, civil rights movement, and rise of the counterculture all commingled with the arrival of microprocessors, personal computing, and computer networking.5 In a handful of insular computer laboratories, hackers and engineers found shelter from a fractious world. By 1969, the year Richard Nixon was inaugurated president, Seymour Hersh reported the My Lai massacre, and astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin walked on the moon. Americans had for the first time traveled to another world, but the nation was at the same time mired in disastrous foreign conflict. The year 1968 had seen the premiere of the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey painting a stark view of both the potential and pitfalls of artificial intelligence.


pages: 497 words: 123,718

A Game as Old as Empire: The Secret World of Economic Hit Men and the Web of Global Corruption by Steven Hiatt; John Perkins

addicted to oil, airline deregulation, Andrei Shleifer, Asian financial crisis, Berlin Wall, big-box store, Bob Geldof, Bretton Woods, British Empire, capital controls, centre right, clean water, colonial rule, corporate governance, corporate personhood, deglobalization, deindustrialization, disinformation, Doha Development Round, energy security, European colonialism, financial deregulation, financial independence, full employment, global village, high net worth, land reform, large denomination, liberal capitalism, Long Term Capital Management, Mexican peso crisis / tequila crisis, Mikhail Gorbachev, moral hazard, Naomi Klein, new economy, North Sea oil, offshore financial centre, oil shock, Ponzi scheme, race to the bottom, reserve currency, Ronald Reagan, Scramble for Africa, Seymour Hersh, statistical model, structural adjustment programs, Tax Reform Act of 1986, too big to fail, trade liberalization, transatlantic slave trade, transfer pricing, union organizing, Washington Consensus, working-age population, Yom Kippur War

Human Rights Watch echoes RAID’s final suggestion in the report, writing, “The international community may want to consider a permanent roster of experts who can investigate these issues throughout the world, rather than ad hoc panels.” Arvind Ganesan and Alex Vines, “Engine of War: Resources, Greed and the Predatory State,” www.hrw.org/wr2k4/14.htm. 34. For more on this point, see http://www.raid-uk.org/news.htm. 35. Seymour Hersh, who broke the Abu Ghraib scandals in the American media, cited CPT as a source in his May 5, 2004, New Yorker article “Chain of Command.” After the kidnapping of four CPTers in Baghdad, Hersh told Democracy Now’s Amy Goodman that the work of CPT was “cutting edge”: www.democracynow.org/article.pl?


pages: 572 words: 179,024

Area 51: An Uncensored History of America's Top Secret Military Base by Annie Jacobsen

Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, cuban missile crisis, data acquisition, disinformation, drone strike, Maui Hawaii, mutually assured destruction, operation paperclip, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, Project Plowshare, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, South China Sea, uranium enrichment, urban sprawl, zero day

Wolfowitz added, “one hopes each time you get a success like that, not only to have gotten rid of somebody dangerous, but to have imposed changes in their tactics and operations and procedures.” 10. exclusive interview to the Christian Science Monitor: Yemeni Official Says US Lacks Discretion as Antiterror Partner,” Christian Science Monitor, November 12, 2002. 11. Hull spoke Arabic: Ibid.; Seymour Hersh, “Manhunt: The Bush Administration’s New Strategy in the War Against Terrorism,” New Yorker, December 23, 2002. 12. Mohammed Atef, in Jalalabad, Afghanistan: Peter Bergen and Katherine Tiedemann, “The Drone War: Are Predators Our Best Weapon or Worst Enemy,” New Republic, June 3, 2009. 13. targeted assassination spearheaded by the CIA: Mark Hosenball and Evan Thomas, “The Opening Shot,” Newsweek, November 18, 2002. 14.


The Last Empire: The Final Days of the Soviet Union by Serhii Plokhy

affirmative action, Anton Chekhov, Berlin Wall, bilateral investment treaty, cuban missile crisis, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, land reform, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, Potemkin village, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, Sinatra Doctrine, Stanislav Petrov, Transnistria

It is known that at some point Kriuchkov, the KGB chief, personally called Yeltsin to inform him that the assault had been called off. Besides, Yeltsin apparently knew more about the plotters and their plans than they supposed. A few years after the events at the Russian White House, an American official told the Pulitzer Prize–winning investigative journalist Seymour M. Hersh that President Bush had ordered American intercepts of telephone communications between the plot leaders and Soviet military commanders to be shared with Yeltsin. “The Minister of Defense and the KGB chief were using the most secure lines to reach the military commanders,” wrote Hersh, quoting his source.

Beschloss and Talbott, At the Highest Levels, 434–435; George Bush and Brent Scowcroft, A World Transformed (New York, 1998), 528–530; American Embassy to Secretary of State, “USSR State of Emergency: Situation Report, no. 21, 08:00 [[a.m.]] local, August 21,” Bush Presidential Library, Presidential Records, National Security Council, White House Situation Room Files: USSR Part 3 of 4 Moscow Coup Attempt (1991), no. 11. 18. Seymour M. Hersh, “The Wild East,” Atlantic Monthly, June 1994. 19. “Telecon with President Boris Yeltsin of the Russian Federation,” August 21, 1991, Bush Presidential Library, Memcons and Telcons, http://bushlibrary.tamu.edu/research/pdfs/memcons_telcons/1991-08-21--Yeltsin%20[[1]].pdf. 20. Baker, The Politics of Diplomacy, 522; Shaposhnikov, Vybor, 47–50; “Telecon with President Boris Yeltsin of the Russian Federation,” August 21, 1991, Bush Presidential Library, Memcons and Telcons, http://bushlibrary.tamu.edu/research/pdfs/memcons_telcons/1991-08-21--Yeltsin%20[[1]].pdf; “Assorted JAB Notes from Events Related to Attempted Coup in USSR, 8/12–8/22,” James A.


pages: 812 words: 180,057

The Generals: American Military Command From World War II to Today by Thomas E. Ricks

affirmative action, airport security, amateurs talk tactics, professionals talk logistics, Charles Lindbergh, Columbine, continuation of politics by other means, cuban missile crisis, hiring and firing, MITM: man-in-the-middle, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, South China Sea, Yom Kippur War

“They had received casualties”: “Lecture by Hugh Thompson,” in Moral Courage in Combat: The My Lai Story (U.S. Naval Academy, 2003), 15. “The people we received at mid-level”: “Interview with BG Koster, Samuel W., Retired,” notes taken by George McGarrigle, August 26, 1982, in historians’ files, U.S. Army Center of Military History, Fort McNair, Washington, DC, 2. “It was the most unhappy group”: Seymour Hersh, Cover-up: The Army’s Secret Investigation of the Massacre at My Lai 4 (Random House, 1972), 29. “He was a protégé”: “Oral History of General William A. Knowlton, USA Retired,” interview by Lt. Col. David Hazen, USA, 1982, Senior Officer Oral History Collection, USAMHI, 461. See also a similar account in “Interview #2 with General Bruce Palmer Jr.,” USAMHI, 214.


Jennifer Morgue by Stross, Charles

call centre, correlation does not imply causation, disinformation, disintermediation, dumpster diving, Etonian, haute couture, interchangeable parts, Maui Hawaii, MITM: man-in-the-middle, mutually assured destruction, planetary scale, RFID, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, Skype, slashdot, stem cell, telepresence, traveling salesman, Turing machine

I was there as a junior liaison under the reciprocal monitoring provisions of the Benthic Treaty. The CIA staff was ... overly optimistic. To their credit, the Black Chamber refused to be drawn in, and to their credit, the other Signatory Party didn't use more than the minimum force necessary to prevent the recovery. When Seymour Hersh and Jack Anderson broke the story in the Los Angeles Times several months later, the CIA gave up, the Glomar Explorer was formally designated property of the US government and mothballed, a discreet veil was drawn over the fate of the HMB-1 — it was officially 'scrapped' — and we thought that was that."


pages: 491 words: 141,690

The Controlled Demolition of the American Empire by Jeff Berwick, Charlie Robinson

2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, airport security, American Legislative Exchange Council, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, bank run, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, big-box store, bitcoin, Bretton Woods, British Empire, call centre, carbon footprint, Cass Sunstein, Chelsea Manning, clean water, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, coronavirus, Corrections Corporation of America, Covid-19, COVID-19, crack epidemic, crony capitalism, cryptocurrency, dark matter, disinformation, Donald Trump, drone strike, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, energy transition, epigenetics, failed state, Ferguson, Missouri, fiat currency, financial independence, global pandemic, global supply chain, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, illegal immigration, Indoor air pollution, interest rate swap, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, Jeffrey Epstein, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, Mahatma Gandhi, mandatory minimum, margin call, Mark Zuckerberg, mass immigration, megacity, Mikhail Gorbachev, new economy, offshore financial centre, open borders, planetary scale, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, pre–internet, private military company, Project for a New American Century, quantitative easing, RAND corporation, reserve currency, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Saturday Night Live, security theater, self-driving car, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, smart cities, smart grid, smart meter, Snapchat, South China Sea, surveillance capitalism, too big to fail, unpaid internship, urban decay, WikiLeaks, working poor

The American government hates things like this, so they found a way to guilt the media into keeping quiet about important issues like these by suggesting that by speaking out about these topics they would be putting our troops and agents in the information gathering and spying business at risk of being killed. When Seymour Hersh published his story on the My Lai massacre in Vietnam, there was massive resistance from the military because of the perception that this would turn public support even more against the war, which of course it did. Did his editor bury the story in order to save the Army from the public relations nightmare that was surely coming their way?


pages: 418 words: 134,401

First Friends: The Powerful, Unsung (And Unelected) People Who Shaped Our Presidents by Gary Ginsberg

affirmative action, anti-communist, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, forensic accounting, invisible hand, Kitchen Debate, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Seymour Hersh, traveling salesman, two and twenty, urban planning

Evidence emerged decades later that Nixon’s pain may have been so great following his ’62 loss that he physically abused Pat—“blackened her eye”—according to former Nixon campaign aide John Sears’s account of a conversation he had with a Nixon lawyer right after the election. Sears maintained that the incident was so serious that Pat threatened to leave Nixon afterward. Investigative journalist Seymour Hersh claims to know from informed sources of at least “three alleged wife-beating incidents” Nixon inflicted on Pat. Julie Eisenhower has firmly denied the charge. Whether true or not, Nixon evidently shared Rebozo’s reticence about re-entering the political arena. After his annual Christmas party, he retreated to the quiet of his library late in the evening of December 22.


pages: 516 words: 1,220

Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq by Thomas E. Ricks

business process, clean water, cognitive dissonance, David Brooks, facts on the ground, failed state, friendly fire, Isaac Newton, lateral thinking, Naomi Klein, private military company, Project for a New American Century, RAND corporation, Seymour Hersh, uranium enrichment, Yom Kippur War

On the evening of April 28, 2004,60 Minutes II, a CBS television show, revealed the extent of the abuse at Abu Ghraib and broadcast some of the memorable photographs taken of brutalities committed in the prison. Two days later, the New Yorker magazine posted on its Web site an extraordinarily thorough account of abuse at Abu Ghraib by Seymour Hersh, a veteran investigative journalist. Hersh had more photos, he had transcripts of some testimony from military legal proceedings, and most important of all, he had the Army's own stunning report. "Between October and December 2003, at the Abu Ghraib Confinement Facility, numerous incidents of sadistic, blatant and wanton criminal abuses were inflicted on several detainees," wrote the Army report's author, Maj.


pages: 972 words: 259,764

The Road Not Taken: Edward Lansdale and the American Tragedy in Vietnam by Max Boot

American ideology, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, Charles Lindbergh, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, David Brooks, desegregation, disinformation, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, drone strike, European colonialism, facts on the ground, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Golden Gate Park, jitney, land reform, Mikhail Gorbachev, Potemkin village, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, South China Sea, Steve Jobs, War on Poverty, white picket fence, Works Progress Administration

Colby was later to write “that the most remarkable thing about the list was that it was not more serious, that it did not include more widespread dangers to the lives and liberties of our citizens.”2 But it was still explosive material—and it blew up in his face eighteen months later, by which time he had succeeded Schlesinger as CIA director. On Sunday, December 22, 1974, the New York Times splashed a big article by the investigative reporter Seymour Hersh across its front page. It began, “The Central Intelligence Agency, directly violating its charter, conducted a massive, illegal domestic intelligence operation during the Nixon Administration against the antiwar movement and other dissident groups in the United States, according to well-placed Government sources.”


pages: 462 words: 151,805

Gonzo: The Life of Hunter S. Thompson by Corey Seymour, Johnny Depp, Jann S. Wenner

Bonfire of the Vanities, buy low sell high, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, Mason jar, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, Ralph Nader, rolodex, Saturday Night Live, Seymour Hersh, South China Sea, South of Market, San Francisco, Y2K

Hunter was in a jam. I ended up going up there and doing my thing, and it worked, because Hunter and I had certain things in common. We both loved politics and literature. He loved talking to me about where he was at in the pecking order of journalism and literature—about David Halberstam, Maureen Dowd, Seymour Hersh, Scotty Reston, and Walter Isaacson, and others. I think Nicole liked having me around because she didn’t want any more female assistants for Hunter. Apparently they’d had some bad experience as a couple, and I came in as a kind of straight man to help them pull it together. It was a productive week.


pages: 562 words: 153,825

Dark Mirror: Edward Snowden and the Surveillance State by Barton Gellman

4chan, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, active measures, Anton Chekhov, bitcoin, Cass Sunstein, cloud computing, corporate governance, crowdsourcing, data acquisition, Debian, desegregation, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, financial independence, Firefox, GnuPG, Google Hangouts, informal economy, Jacob Appelbaum, job automation, Julian Assange, MITM: man-in-the-middle, national security letter, planetary scale, private military company, ransomware, Robert Gordon, Robert Hanssen: Double agent, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, Skype, social graph, standardized shipping container, Steven Levy, telepresence, undersea cable, web of trust, WikiLeaks, zero day, Zimmermann PGP

The memo, an undated draft, nominated forty-nine recent stories with “disclosures that we deem especially egregious, and in apparent violation of federal criminal laws.” I was in good journalistic company: other bylines on the list included New York Times correspondents James Risen and Don Van Natta Jr., Washington Post reporters Doug Farah, Steve Mufson, Thomas Lippman, and Kathy Sawyer, and the New Yorker’s Seymour Hersh. The roster could have been a lot longer. It is not easy to write about diplomacy or war without touching on something classified. And the accounting, I noted, stopped a few weeks after 9/11. Many of us on this list did our deepest digging into national security in the decade that followed. I had to assume that my subsequent work may have come under an FBI microscope more than once.


pages: 767 words: 208,933

Liberalism at Large: The World According to the Economist by Alex Zevin

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, affirmative action, anti-communist, Asian financial crisis, bank run, Berlin Wall, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business climate, business cycle, capital controls, centre right, Chelsea Manning, collective bargaining, Columbine, Corn Laws, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, creative destruction, credit crunch, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, debt deflation, desegregation, disinformation, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial deregulation, financial innovation, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, full employment, Gini coefficient, global supply chain, hiring and firing, imperial preference, income inequality, interest rate derivative, invisible hand, John von Neumann, Joseph Schumpeter, Julian Assange, Khartoum Gordon, land reform, liberal capitalism, liberal world order, light touch regulation, Long Term Capital Management, market bubble, Martin Wolf, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, Monroe Doctrine, Mont Pelerin Society, moral hazard, Naomi Klein, new economy, New Journalism, Nixon triggered the end of the Bretton Woods system, Norman Macrae, Northern Rock, Occupy movement, Philip Mirowski, Plutocrats, plutocrats, price stability, quantitative easing, race to the bottom, railway mania, rent control, rent-seeking, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Seymour Hersh, Snapchat, Socratic dialogue, Steve Bannon, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, too big to fail, trade liberalization, trade route, unbanked and underbanked, underbanked, unorthodox policies, upwardly mobile, War on Poverty, WikiLeaks, Winter of Discontent, Yom Kippur War, young professional

Knight refused to publish it, privately assuring Thornton that he had investigated these allegations and found them untrue. The investigation seems to have consisted of asking the former director of the CIA Richard Helms, two admirals and Kissinger himself. ‘If all journalists used Knight’s method of asking those at the very top about their possible misdeeds’, Seymour Hersh observed, ‘none of the major investigative stories of the past two decades would have become public.’86 Clubbiness is the appropriate term to describe these relationships, which worked in both directions, in ways large and small. Kissinger might have been the biggest fish. But George Shultz was of greater practical importance, as both a Labour and Treasury Secretary under Nixon; he resigned in time to take over the Bechtel conglomerate in 1974 and a post at Stanford, where he acted as conduit to Reagan.


pages: 565 words: 160,402

A Better War: The Unexamined Victories and Final Tragedy of America's Last Years in Vietnam by Lewis Sorley

currency manipulation / currency intervention, defense in depth, friendly fire, land reform, RAND corporation, Seymour Hersh, South China Sea

Alison, USAF; Brigadier General David A. Armstrong; Colonel Raymond R. Battreall; Colonel Paul F. Braim; B. G. Burkett; Major General Neal Creighton; Lieutenant General John H. Cushman; General Michael S. Davison; Joseph DiFranco; Colonel David E. Farnham; Dr. Forrest R. Frank; Dr. William A. Hamilton; Colonel Morris J. Herbert; Seymour Hersh; Stanley Karnow; Charles Krohn; Professor Guenter Lewy; Colonel John J. Madigan III; Larry McKay; Colonel Warren H. Milberg, USAF; Renee Godfrey Mountz; Mark Moyar; Keith William Nolan; Mark Perry; Dr. Walter S. Poole; Dr. John Prados; Major Melvin G. Radley; Carolyn Rogers; William L. Rogers; Dr.


pages: 407

Disrupt and Deny: Spies, Special Forces, and the Secret Pursuit of British Foreign Policy by Rory Cormac

anti-communist, Berlin Wall, British Empire, colonial rule, currency manipulation / currency intervention, disinformation, drone strike, Edward Snowden, Etonian, illegal immigration, land reform, Malacca Straits, Mikhail Gorbachev, private military company, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, Stuxnet, trade route, union organizing, WikiLeaks, Yom Kippur War

Bel Trew, ‘ISIS Builds New Stronghold on the Mediterranean Coast’, The Times, 2/12/15; Randeep Ramesh, ‘SAS Deployed in Libya since Start of Year, Says Leaked Memo,’ The Guardian, 25/3/16. 80. Anon, ‘British Special Forces “Blew Up ISIS Suicide Truck” in Libya’, The Guardian, 26/5/16. 81. Quoted in Seldon and Snowden, Cameron at 10, p.327. 82. Carr, Diary of a Foreign Minister, p.277. 83. Private information. 84. Seymour Hersh, ‘The Red Line and the Rat Line’, London Review of Books, 36/8, 17/4/14. 85. Mark Hookham, ‘SAS gets “carte blanche” on ISIS’, The Sunday Times, 5/7/15, p.13. 86. Intelligence and Security Committee, Annual Report, 2012–2013, p.20. 87. General Sir Nicholas Houghton, ‘Building a British Military Fit for Future Challenges rather than Past Conflicts’, speech at Chatham House, 15/9/15.


pages: 549 words: 170,495

Culture and Imperialism by Edward W. Said

Ayatollah Khomeini, Bartolomé de las Casas, Bretton Woods, British Empire, colonial rule, disinformation, European colonialism, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Herbert Marcuse, Howard Zinn, Joseph Schumpeter, Khartoum Gordon, lateral thinking, lone genius, Mikhail Gorbachev, Monroe Doctrine, Nelson Mandela, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, sceptred isle, Scramble for Africa, Seymour Hersh, traveling salesman

Until the Gulf War, when “we” finally rid ourselves of the “Vietnam syndrome.” These subliminally available capsule histories are refracted superbly in the novels of E. L. Doctorow, Don DeLillo, and Robert Stone, and mercilessly analyzed by journalists like Alexander Cockburn, Christopher Hitchens, Seymour Hersh, and in the tireless work of Noam Chomsky. But these official narratives still have the power to interdict, marginalize, and criminalize alternative versions of the same history—in Vietnam, Iran, the Middle East, Africa, Central America, Eastern Europe. A simple empirical demonstration of what I mean is what happens when you are given the opportunity to express a more complex, less sequential history: in fact you are compelled to retell the “facts” in such a way as to be inventing a language from scratch, as was the case with the Gulf War examples I discussed earlier.


pages: 872 words: 135,196

The Market for Force: The Consequences of Privatizing Security by Deborah D. Avant

barriers to entry, continuation of politics by other means, corporate social responsibility, failed state, hiring and firing, independent contractor, information asymmetry, interchangeable parts, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, Peace of Westphalia, principal–agent problem, private military company, profit motive, RAND corporation, rent-seeking, rolodex, Seymour Hersh, The Nature of the Firm, trade route, transaction costs

PSC employees were shot and killed, and shot and killed others.Though the CPA did attempt to issue some regulation, specifying limits on the weaponry PSCs should carry, the circumstances under which PSCs could use deadly force, and the legal bodies to which contractor personnel would be liable, a good amount of authority was devolved to those who issued the contracts.78 All of these issues became more apparent when four Blackwater employees escorting a convoy through Faludjah were attacked, killed, 73 74 75 76 77 78 Highlighted by contractor involvement in the abuses at Abu Ghraib. See Seymour M. Hersh, “Torture at Abu Ghraib,” New Yorker, 6 May 2004. Fein, “Training Iraqi Army is a Wild Card.” Catan and Fidler, “With Post-War Instability Still a Pressing Concern.” Michael Stetz, “Private Bodyguards are Essential in Iraq,” Union Tribune, 3 June 2004. Carolyn Aldred, “Standards Sought for Iraq Security Firms,” Business Insurance (26 April 2004); Stephen Gray, “Iraq Targets Private Guards,” Sunday Times, 6 June 2004.


pages: 254 words: 68,133

The Age of Illusions: How America Squandered Its Cold War Victory by Andrew J. Bacevich

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, anti-communist, Bear Stearns, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, clean water, Columbian Exchange, Credit Default Swap, cuban missile crisis, David Brooks, deindustrialization, Donald Trump, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, gig economy, global village, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, illegal immigration, income inequality, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, Marshall McLuhan, mass incarceration, Mikhail Gorbachev, Monroe Doctrine, Norman Mailer, obamacare, Occupy movement, planetary scale, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Potemkin village, price stability, Project for a New American Century, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Saturday Night Live, school choice, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, Steve Bannon, Thomas L Friedman, too big to fail, trickle-down economics, WikiLeaks

Ben Smith, “Obama on Small-Town Pa.: Clinging to Religion, Guns, Xenophobia,” Politico (April 11, 2008). 17. Abraham Lincoln, “First Inaugural Address” (March 4, 1861). 18. George W. Bush, “State of the Union Address” (January 29, 2002). 19. For a near-contemporaneous assessment, see Seymour M. Hersh, “Torture at Abu Ghraib,” New Yorker (May 10, 2004). 20. Sarah Anderson, “The Postal Worker’s Christmas,” New York Times (December 18, 2018). 21. Norman Mailer, “An Evening with Jackie Kennedy,” Esquire (July 1962). 22. “I Am Part of the Resistance Inside the Trump Administration,” New York Times (September 5, 2018). 23.


pages: 851 words: 247,711

The Atlantic and Its Enemies: A History of the Cold War by Norman Stone

affirmative action, Ayatollah Khomeini, bank run, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Bonfire of the Vanities, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business cycle, central bank independence, Deng Xiaoping, desegregation, disinformation, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, European colonialism, facts on the ground, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial deregulation, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Frederick Winslow Taylor, full employment, Gunnar Myrdal, Henry Ford's grandson gave labor union leader Walter Reuther a tour of the company’s new, automated factory…, Herbert Marcuse, illegal immigration, income per capita, interchangeable parts, Jane Jacobs, Joseph Schumpeter, labour mobility, land reform, long peace, mass immigration, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, Mitch Kapor, Money creation, new economy, Norman Mailer, North Sea oil, oil shock, Paul Samuelson, Ponzi scheme, popular capitalism, price mechanism, price stability, RAND corporation, rent-seeking, Ronald Reagan, Savings and loan crisis, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, special drawing rights, Steve Jobs, strikebreaker, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, trade liberalization, trickle-down economics, V2 rocket, War on Poverty, Washington Consensus, Yom Kippur War, éminence grise

The ‘Pentagon Papers’ affair, in 1971, which had then led to Watergate, was a disaster for the whole concept of national security, encouraging babyish attention-seeking among journalists without the talent of the pioneers in the business; and a campaign was launched against the old CIA, its assorted enemies being cast as martyrs (e.g. Seymour Hersh’s work on the Chilean coup in The New York Times in 1974). Various radicals were acquitted, and there were the usual conspiracy theories as to the Kennedy assassination, even a House committee accepting primitive legendry as to how the Mafia had caused it. Tom Wolfe wrote a superb little essay, ‘Radical Chic’, on the attitudinizing of New York money at social events staged on behalf of grotesque killers.


pages: 687 words: 209,474

Six Days of War: June 1967 and the Making of the Modern Middle East by Michael B. Oren

Boycotts of Israel, British Empire, cuban missile crisis, European colonialism, friendly fire, Mount Scopus, open economy, Seymour Hersh, Yom Kippur War

Moshe Ma’soz, Syria and Israel: From War to Peacemaking (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995), pp. 86-87. 30. Israel’s nuclear policy in this period, and its place in Kennedy’s foreign policy, are discussed at length in Avner Cohen, Israel and the Bomb (New York: Columbia University Press, 1998) and Seymour Hersh, The Samson Option (New York: Random House, 1991). Nasser’s use of West German and former Nazi scientists is revealed in PRO, FCO 39/233 UAR Internal Political Situation: Who’s Who of Nasser’s Ex-Nazis, June 26, 1967. See also Martin Van Creveld, The Sword and the Olive: A Critical History of the Israeli Defense Force (New York: Public Affairs, 1998), p. 164.


Nation-Building: Beyond Afghanistan and Iraq by Francis Fukuyama

Berlin Wall, business climate, colonial rule, conceptual framework, en.wikipedia.org, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Gunnar Myrdal, informal economy, land reform, microcredit, open economy, Seymour Hersh, unemployed young men

• 215 • • 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. Johanna Mendelson Forman O’Hanlon, “Iraq Index,” 23. Glen C. Carey, “Gas Lines, Outages are Back,” USA Today, December 8, 2003, A1. Ibid. Rod Nordland and Babek Dehghanpisheh, “Judgment Days,” Newsweek, July 12, 2004, 26. Seymour M. Hersh, “Torture at Abu Ghraib,” New Yorker, May 5, 2004, 42. See “Ensuring Justice for Iraq: Evidence Preservation and Fair Trails,” Human Rights Watch, September 2003; “Building the Iraqi Special Tribunal: Lessons from Experience in International Criminal Justice,” Special Report no. 122 (Washington, D.C.: U.S.


pages: 383 words: 105,021

Dark Territory: The Secret History of Cyber War by Fred Kaplan

Cass Sunstein, computer age, data acquisition, drone strike, dumpster diving, Edward Snowden, game design, hiring and firing, index card, Internet of things, Jacob Appelbaum, John Markoff, John von Neumann, kremlinology, Mikhail Gorbachev, millennium bug, national security letter, packet switching, pre–internet, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, Skype, Stuxnet, uranium enrichment, Y2K, zero day

“poorly communicated mission”: NSA/CSS, External Team Report: A Management Review for the Director, NSA, Oct. 22, 1999, http://fas.org/irp/nsa/106handbk.pdf; and interviews. “is a misaligned organization”: NSA/CSS, “New Enterprise Team (NETeam) Recommendations: The Director’s Work Plan for Change,” Oct. 1, 1999, http://cryptome.org/nsa-reorg-net.htm. On November 15, he inaugurated: Seymour M. Hersh, “The Intelligence Gap,” The New Yorker, Dec. 6, 1999; and interviews. The NSA’s main computer system crashed: “US Intelligence Computer Crashes for Nearly 3 Days,” CNN.com, Jan. 29, 2000, http://edition.cnn.com/2000/US/01/29/nsa.computer/; and interviews. He called the new program Trailblazer: NSA Press Release, “National Security Agency Awards Concept Studies for Trailblazer,” April 2, 2001, https://www.nsa.gov/public_info/press_room/2001/trailblazer.shtml; Alice Lipowicz, “Trailblazer Loses Its Way,” Washington Technology, Sept. 10, 2005, https://washingtontechnology.com/articles/2005/09/10/trailblazer-loses-its-way.aspx.


pages: 426 words: 117,722

King Richard: Nixon and Watergate--An American Tragedy by Michael Dobbs

anti-communist, Berlin Wall, coronavirus, COVID-19, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, Donald Trump, MITM: man-in-the-middle, RAND corporation, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, éminence grise

“looked happier”: Dean, Blind Ambition, 284-5. “Did you know”: Dash, Chief Counsel, 148–49; Dean, Blind Ambition, 301. The committee requested: Dash, Chief Counsel, 161–62. “Exhibit number one”: Interview with Shaffer, 1994 BBC documentary Watergate; Dean, Blind Ambition, 304–5. “made personal use of funds”: Seymour M. Hersh, “Dean Said to Keep $14,000 Fund,” NYT, June 19, 1973. “I began by telling”: Dean testimony, SSC 3, 995, 998. The “how much would it cost” exchange took place on March 21, not March 13, as stated by Dean. This is one of several errors in Dean’s reconstruction of events, relying on his sometimes faulty memory.


pages: 587 words: 117,894

Cybersecurity: What Everyone Needs to Know by P. W. Singer, Allan Friedman

4chan, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, bitcoin, blood diamonds, borderless world, Brian Krebs, business continuity plan, Chelsea Manning, cloud computing, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, data acquisition, do-ocracy, drone strike, Edward Snowden, energy security, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, fault tolerance, global supply chain, Google Earth, Internet of things, invention of the telegraph, John Markoff, Julian Assange, Khan Academy, M-Pesa, MITM: man-in-the-middle, mutually assured destruction, Network effects, packet switching, Peace of Westphalia, pre–internet, profit motive, RAND corporation, ransomware, RFC: Request For Comment, risk tolerance, rolodex, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart grid, Steve Jobs, Stuxnet, uranium enrichment, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, web application, WikiLeaks, Yochai Benkler, zero day, zero-sum game

three types of cyber forces Ellen Nakashima, “Pentagon to Boost Cybersecurity Forces,” Washington Post, January 27, 2013. William Lynn publicly talked William J. Lynn, “Remarks at the Defense Information Technology Acquisition Summit,” remarks at the Grand Hyatt, Washington, DC, November 12, 2009. “do things offensively” Fryer-Biggs, “U.S. Cyber Security Gets Aggressive,” p. 6. “we can do better” Seymour M. Hersh, “The Online Threat,” New Yorker, November 1, 2010, http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2010/11/01/101101fa_fact_hersh. “which could merit retaliation” Gorman and Barnes, “Cyber Combat.” “one of your smokestacks” Ibid. workable in execution Owens, Dam, and Lin, Technology, Policy, Law, and Ethics Regarding U.S.


pages: 448 words: 117,325

Click Here to Kill Everybody: Security and Survival in a Hyper-Connected World by Bruce Schneier

23andMe, 3D printing, algorithmic bias, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, bitcoin, blockchain, Brian Krebs, business process, cloud computing, cognitive bias, computer vision, connected car, corporate governance, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, David Heinemeier Hansson, disinformation, Donald Trump, drone strike, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, fault tolerance, Firefox, Flash crash, George Akerlof, industrial robot, information asymmetry, Internet of things, invention of radio, job automation, job satisfaction, John Markoff, Kevin Kelly, license plate recognition, loose coupling, market design, medical malpractice, Minecraft, MITM: man-in-the-middle, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, national security letter, Network effects, pattern recognition, profit maximization, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, ransomware, Rodney Brooks, Ross Ulbricht, security theater, self-driving car, Seymour Hersh, Shoshana Zuboff, Silicon Valley, smart cities, smart transportation, Snapchat, Stanislav Petrov, Stephen Hawking, Stuxnet, surveillance capitalism, The Market for Lemons, too big to fail, Uber for X, Unsafe at Any Speed, uranium enrichment, Valery Gerasimov, web application, WikiLeaks, Yochai Benkler, zero day

Security Response Attack Investigation Team (20 Oct 2017), “Dragonfly: Western energy sector targeted by sophisticated attack group,” Symantec Corporation, https://www.symantec.com/connect/blogs/dragonfly-western-energy-sector-targeted-sophisticated-attack-group. 69In 2016, the Iranians did the same thing: Joseph Berger (25 Mar 2016), “A dam, small and unsung, is caught up in an Iranian hacking case,” New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/26/nyregion/rye-brook-dam-caught-in-computer-hacking-case.html. 69Experts surmise that these operations: United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (20 Oct 2017), “Alert (TA17-293A): Advanced persistent threat activity targeting energy and other critical infrastructure sectors,” https://www.us-cert.gov/ncas/alerts/TA17-293A. 69“preparing the battlefield”: Seymour M. Hersh (7 Jul 2008), “Preparing the battlefield,” New Yorker, https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2008/07/07/preparing-the-battlefield. 69It’s not just the stronger powers: Kertu Ruus (2008), “Cyber war I: Estonia attacked from Russia,” European Affairs 9, no. 1–2, http://www.europeaninstitute.org/index.php/component/content/article?


Making Globalization Work by Joseph E. Stiglitz

affirmative action, Andrei Shleifer, Asian financial crisis, banking crisis, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, business process, capital controls, central bank independence, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, currency manipulation / currency intervention, Doha Development Round, Exxon Valdez, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Firefox, full employment, Garrett Hardin, Gini coefficient, global reserve currency, Gunnar Myrdal, happiness index / gross national happiness, illegal immigration, income inequality, income per capita, incomplete markets, Indoor air pollution, informal economy, information asymmetry, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), inventory management, invisible hand, John Markoff, Jones Act, Kenneth Arrow, Kenneth Rogoff, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, market fundamentalism, Martin Wolf, microcredit, moral hazard, new economy, North Sea oil, offshore financial centre, oil rush, open borders, open economy, price stability, profit maximization, purchasing power parity, quantitative trading / quantitative finance, race to the bottom, reserve currency, rising living standards, risk tolerance, Seymour Hersh, Silicon Valley, special drawing rights, statistical model, the market place, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, trade liberalization, Tragedy of the Commons, trickle-down economics, union organizing, Washington Consensus, zero-sum game

See Trade Compliance Center: OECD Antibribery Report 2001, “Laws Prohibiting Tax Deduction of Bribes,” at www.mac.doc.gov/tcc/anti_b/oecd2001/html/ch04.html. 7.See the case of ExxonMobil in Kazakhstan, as reported in “Kazakhstan President Nazarbayev Accepted Bribes, U.S. Alleges,” Bloomberg.com, April 16, 2004, at http://quote.bloomberg.com/apps/news? pid=10000087&sid=a_ 8QW26uoX_I&refer=top_world_news; Daniel Fisher, “ExxonMobil’s Kazak-stan Quagmire,” Forbes, April 23, 2003, available at www.forbes.com/2003/ 04/23/cz_df_0423xom.html; Seymour M. Hersh, “The Price of Oil,” The New Yorker, July 9, 2001, pp. 48–65; and Thomas Catan and Joshua Chaffin, “Bribery Has Long Been Used to Land International Contracts. New Laws Will Make That Tougher,” Financial Times, May 8, 2003, p. 19. The Financial Times article notes, “In total, authorities have accused [Giffen] of taking more than $78 million in commissions and fees from Mobil and other western oil companies and then illegally funneling them to senior Kazakh officials.”


pages: 306 words: 84,649

After the Cataclysm by Noam Chomsky

8-hour work day, anti-communist, British Empire, disinformation, facts on the ground, illegal immigration, land reform, mass immigration, RAND corporation, Seymour Hersh, union organizing

According to Stockwell, the CIA had warned of such retaliation if the United States persisted in supporting attacks on Angola mounted from Zaire, but the warning was ignored by Kissinger, who seems to have been interested in developing an international confrontation with the Russians as his efforts to subvert the Paris agreements collapsed in Vietnam. Cf. John Stockwell, “Why I am Leaving the CIA,” Washington Post (10 April 1977). See Seymour M. Hersh, “Kissinger-Colby Briefings on C.I.A. Called Misleading by Senate Panel,” New York Times (16 July 1978), on how Kissinger and Colby “misled Congress about the extent of the Central Intelligence Agency’s activities in the 1975 civil war in Angola, according to sources with first-hand knowledge”—to put it more bluntly, lied to Congress, the least significant but most discussed element of this sordid affair. 39.


pages: 651 words: 186,130

This Is How They Tell Me the World Ends: The Cyberweapons Arms Race by Nicole Perlroth

4chan, active measures, activist lawyer, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, barriers to entry, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, blood diamonds, Boeing 737 MAX, Brian Krebs, cloud computing, commoditize, coronavirus, Covid-19, COVID-19, crony capitalism, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, dark matter, defense in depth, disinformation, don't be evil, Donald Trump, drone strike, Edward Snowden, failed state, Ferguson, Missouri, Firefox, gender pay gap, global pandemic, global supply chain, index card, Internet of things, invisible hand, Jacob Appelbaum, Jeff Bezos, John Markoff, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, mass immigration, Menlo Park, MITM: man-in-the-middle, moral hazard, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, mutually assured destruction, natural language processing, offshore financial centre, open borders, pirate software, purchasing power parity, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, ransomware, rolodex, Rubik’s Cube, Sand Hill Road, Seymour Hersh, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, smart grid, South China Sea, Steve Ballmer, Steve Bannon, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stuxnet, the scientific method, Tim Cook: Apple, undersea cable, uranium enrichment, web application, WikiLeaks, zero day, Zimmermann PGP

Ferguson’s 2011 work, Nuclear Energy: What Everyone Needs to Know (Oxford University Press). My colleagues Michael R. Gordon and Eric Schmitt chronicled Israel’s fighter jet exercises to Greece in “U.S. Says Israeli Exercise Seemed Directed at Iran,” New York Times, June 20, 2008. The most detailed chronology of Israel’s previous strike on Syria’s nuclear reactor was by Seymour M. Hersh in the New Yorker, “A Strike in the Dark,” in February 2008. One year later, Dan Murphy, writing for the Christian Science Monitor in October 2009, asked, “Could an Israeli Air Strike Stop Iran’s Nuclear Program?” His article quotes Dan Halutz, the former head of Israel’s air force, who was asked specifically what lengths Israel would be willing to go to stop Iran’s nuclear program.


pages: 924 words: 198,159

Blackwater: The Rise of the World's Most Powerful Mercenary Army by Jeremy Scahill

air freight, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, business climate, business intelligence, centralized clearinghouse, collective bargaining, Columbine, facts on the ground, Fall of the Berlin Wall, independent contractor, Kickstarter, Naomi Klein, private military company, Project for a New American Century, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, school choice, school vouchers, Seymour Hersh, stem cell, urban planning, zero-sum game

Christian Miller, “The Scrutinizer Finds Himself Under Scrutiny,” Los Angeles Times, September 25, 2005. 70 Ibid. 71 Ibid. 72 Ibid. 73 Transcript, White House Daily Press Briefing, March 25, 2003. 74 Stephen Labaton, “Pentagon Adviser Is Also Advising Global Crossing,” New York Times, March 21, 2003; Seymour M. Hersh, “Lunch With the Chairman: Why Was Richard Perle Meeting with Adnan Khashoggi?” The New Yorker, March 17, 2003. 75 Stephen Labaton, “Pentagon Adviser Is Also Advising Global Crossing,” New York Times, March 21, 2003. 76 Ibid. 77 Ibid. 78 Janine Zacharia, “Pentagon Clears Richard Perle of Wrongdoing,” Jerusalem Post, November 19, 2003. 79 Stephen Labaton, “Report Finds No Violations at Pentagon by Adviser,” New York Times, November 15, 2003. 80 Janine Zacharia, “Pentagon Clears Richard Perle of Wrongdoing,” Jerusalem Post, November 19, 2003. 81 Jennifer C.


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The Pentagon: A History by Steve Vogel

Berlin Wall, Charles Lindbergh, City Beautiful movement, cuban missile crisis, East Village, Fall of the Berlin Wall, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, Works Progress Administration

Not everyone Scheips, The Role of Federal Military Forces, 235; Army AAR draft, 1–2; NYT, 28 July 1967. The speech was delivered at St. Stephen and the Incarnation Episcopal Church. “This confrontation” Ibid., foreword. This “extraordinary” Herring, LBJ and Vietnam, 142; Scheips, The Role of Federal Military Forces, 248; Seymour M. Hersh, “Files Disclose More Army Snooping Under Johnson,” NYT, 1 Sept. 1972. In the days before Army AAR draft, 45–47; Hollis memo, 18 Oct. 1967, box 2, Anti-War Demonstrations, March on the Pentagon, CMH; Scheips, The Role of Federal Military Forces, 251, 255, 258; MDW AAR, 14; WP, 20 Oct. 1967; NYT, 22 Nov. 1967; Army ops log, 20–21 Oct. 1967.


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GCHQ by Richard Aldrich

belly landing, Berlin Wall, British Empire, colonial exploitation, cuban missile crisis, disinformation, friendly fire, illegal immigration, index card, lateral thinking, Menlo Park, Mikhail Gorbachev, Neil Kinnock, New Journalism, packet switching, private military company, Robert Hanssen: Double agent, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, social intelligence, South China Sea, undersea cable, University of East Anglia, Yom Kippur War, Zimmermann PGP

Campbell, ‘Great Idea – Hide It’, Guardian, 06.05.99. 12 OH–375, Interview with Martin Hellman, 22.11.04, Charles Babbage Institute Center for the History of Information Technology, University of Minnesota, pp.52–3. 13 Urban, UK Eyes Alpha, pp.251–3. 14 Singh, The Code Book, pp.279–92. 15 Seymour M. Hersh, ‘The Intelligence Gap: How the Digital Age Left Our Spies out in the Cold’, New Yorker, 06.12.99, pp.58–76. 16 Lustgarten and Leigh, In From the Cold, pp.393–4. 17 Report by Sir Michael Quinlan, ‘Review of Intelligence Requirements and Resources, Part 1: Processes for Handling’, 23.11.93.


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Operation Paperclip: The Secret Intelligence Program That Brought Nazi Scientists to America by Annie Jacobsen

Albert Einstein, anti-communist, disinformation, experimental subject, operation paperclip, Ronald Reagan, Seymour Hersh, éminence grise


pages: 722 words: 225,235

The Yom Kippur War: The Epic Encounter That Transformed the Middle East by Abraham Rabinovich

Boycotts of Israel, disinformation, friendly fire, Mahatma Gandhi, Seymour Hersh, Yom Kippur War