different worldview

60 results back to index

pages: 287 words: 95,152

The Dawn of Eurasia: On the Trail of the New World Order by Bruno Macaes

active measures, Berlin Wall, British Empire, computer vision, Deng Xiaoping, different worldview, digital map, Donald Trump, energy security, European colonialism, eurozone crisis, failed state, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, global value chain, illegal immigration, intermodal, iterative process, land reform, liberal world order, Malacca Straits, mass immigration, megacity, open borders, Parag Khanna, savings glut, scientific worldview, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, speech recognition, trade liberalization, trade route, Transnistria, young professional, zero-sum game, éminence grise

To see the history of the twentieth century in these terms is to realize that the Berlin Wall was but a small and temporary segment of a much larger and more permanent civilizational wall separating Europe from Asia, a divide whose precise demarcation kept shifting throughout the centuries and one whose nature was, first and foremost, intellectual. It was based, as we shall see in Chapter 1, on different worldviews and a different understanding of human knowledge and human history. At times, during the age of the global European empires, it may have seemed that it would become obsolete, since the whole world was in the process of becoming European. It did not happen that way. During the Cold War, the Soviet Union was always surrounded and contained by the capitalist bridgeheads in Europe, Pakistan, Japan and South Korea.

If you think Russia and China have an expansionist approach, you cannot respond with a rule.’ The response was forceful: ‘Our civilization is based on rules. That is what we stand for. And this is increasingly popular all over the world. People are fed up with arbitrary decisions. They want to live under rules, this is why they envy Europe and are attracted to us.’ ‘To be sure. That I do not disagree with. But the question is in my opinion a previous one. We have different worldviews and we have to make them fit together. The problem with the European Union is that it seems to assume that there is a neutral framework of rules, whereas the real issue is which rules will prevail, an issue that no rule can decide.’ When we turned to a concrete example, the issue came into sharper focus. The news that week reserved considerable space to the acquisition of Kuka, a German robot maker, by the Chinese appliance firm Midea.

pages: 298 words: 93,083

Autism Adulthood: Strategies and Insights for a Fulfilling Life by Susan Senator

Asperger Syndrome, different worldview, game design, mouse model, neurotypical, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), Zipcar

Consider risk as an aid to independence Navigating social norms Being autistic, gay, and coming out Nat and the girl on the T Chapter Six: The Struggles of Apparently High-Functioning Autistic Adults Autism and self-discovery through writing Freeing oneself from a legacy of domestic abuse Married, autistic, and happy Bouncing back after a mostly difficult life Chapter Seven: Autistic Adults with Communication or Apparent Cognitive Challenges Nat’s communication evolution/revolution A few words go a long way Verbal, smart, but still struggling When he can’t speak for himself Chapter Eight: Am I My Brother’s Keeper? When a sibling is the guardian Growing up with an autistic sibling and loving it An older sib, a very different worldview Sibshops: offering critical support for the brothers and sisters A different kind of sibling Chapter Nine: Autism Adulthood Health and Safety Issues Figuring out if he’s safe Using my intuition A new diagnosis Another parent’s quest for answers about autism catatonia A leading neurologist weighs in on the benefits of a multidisciplinary approach Wandering, getting lost, and tracking Chapter Ten: I Can Never Die, and Other Myths A lifetime of planning leads to equanimity The future involves friends and family Opting for more independence A sibling firmly in charge Separation and letting go State House story EPILOGUE RESOURCES GLOSSARY FOREWORD by John Elder Robison, author of Look Me in the Eye EVERY AUTISM PARENT I know has fantasized about the day their child grows up to be a software designer, or some other quirky independent professional.

Yes, he’s different, yes, there are major challenging aspects to it. All in all, I never knew anything different. I never had a younger brother who is ‘normal.’ It’s never been that much of an issue, because it’s never been any other way. Mine is just a little more different.” Similarly, Max and Ben are fond of repeating Nat’s odd, charming words, “It’s a different, that’s OK.” An older sib, a very different worldview My sibling research took me to some older siblings in their fifties and sixties. Pamela from South Carolina and her younger sister Sheila are from a completely different era than Nat, Katie, or Aaron. Sheila, who is fifty-six, is “like a five-year-old,” Pamela said. The incident that led to her institutionalization was something right out of the movie Rain Man. When they were children, Pamela’s mother discovered Sheila and her two-year-old sister trying to stuff a blanket into an electric heater.

pages: 330 words: 91,805

Peers Inc: How People and Platforms Are Inventing the Collaborative Economy and Reinventing Capitalism by Robin Chase

Airbnb, Amazon Web Services, Andy Kessler, banking crisis, barriers to entry, basic income, Benevolent Dictator For Life (BDFL), bitcoin, blockchain, Burning Man, business climate, call centre, car-free, cloud computing, collaborative consumption, collaborative economy, collective bargaining, commoditize, congestion charging, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, decarbonisation, different worldview, do-ocracy, don't be evil, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, Ferguson, Missouri, Firefox, frictionless, Gini coefficient, hive mind, income inequality, index fund, informal economy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet of things, Jane Jacobs, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, job satisfaction, Kickstarter, Lean Startup, Lyft, means of production, megacity, Minecraft, minimum viable product, Network effects, new economy, Oculus Rift, openstreetmap, optical character recognition, pattern recognition, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer lending, peer-to-peer model, Richard Stallman, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, Satoshi Nakamoto, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, self-driving car, shareholder value, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, six sigma, Skype, smart cities, smart grid, Snapchat, sovereign wealth fund, Steve Crocker, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, TaskRabbit, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Future of Employment, The Nature of the Firm, transaction costs, Turing test, turn-by-turn navigation, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, Zipcar

The child jumped, and he stepped away and let him fall. “I had to teach him at an early age that you can’t trust anyone.” That story stayed with me on the subway ride back home to my house, and when I went to pick up my six-, nine-, and twelve-olds from school. It ricocheted through my head all afternoon. And I repeated it to my husband once my children had been put to bed. It seemed that venture capitalists and I had completely different worldviews. I thought you could trust people. That the vast majority of people were good. That I could count on my father, and even a stranger, to catch me if I fell within arm’s reach. Every day, perhaps naively, I try to find and build the world I want to live in. From the outset, I saw Zipcar as an example of a different way of thinking about business, in which assumptions about trust, responsibility, and collaboration were changed.

See BlaBlaCar; G-Auto; GoLoco; LaZooz; Lyft; Ridesharing; Uber; Zipcar urban, 7–9, 188–189 Trip chaining, 30 Trulia, 41 Tunisia, mesh network, 246–247 “Turn Down the Heat: Why a 4°C Warmer World Must Be Avoided,” 90 Twitter and political activism, 83–84 shutting down APIs, 120–121 Uber benefits to peers, 50–51 disgruntled drivers, 123, 253–254 “everybody welcome” phase, 111–112 regulation, vs. taxis, 149–151 surge pricing, 129–130 and user choice, 141 UK National Health Service, 144–145 Unemployment, through automation, 191 Unilever, 226–229 United States Army, opening to innovation, 169–170 User choice, 141–142 uShip, 94 Value, shared, 201–202 Van Schewick, Barbara, 140–141 Veniam, 276 Venture capitalists, different worldviews, 10–11 Vidal, Christophe, 176 Volunteer coordinators, 210–211 Von Ahn, Luis, 27–28, 78–80 Wages, and productivity, 196–197, 197 Wales, Jimmy, 110 Waze, 30–31, 70 Weather Channel, The, 41 WhatsApp growth compared to Skype, 112–113 number of users, 77 use of existing structure, 46, 76–77 Whitney, Patrick, 80 WiFi, additional spectrum, 147 Wikipedia, early development, 110 Woolard, Caroline, 203–204 Worker protection laws, 156 World Bank climate change report, 90–91 World Resource Institute.

pages: 394 words: 108,215

What the Dormouse Said: How the Sixties Counterculture Shaped the Personal Computer Industry by John Markoff

Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, Apple II, back-to-the-land, beat the dealer, Bill Duvall, Bill Gates: Altair 8800, Buckminster Fuller, California gold rush, card file, computer age, computer vision, conceptual framework, cuban missile crisis, different worldview, Donald Knuth, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, Dynabook, Edward Thorp, El Camino Real, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, general-purpose programming language, Golden Gate Park, Hacker Ethic, hypertext link, informal economy, information retrieval, invention of the printing press, Jeff Rulifson, John Markoff, John Nash: game theory, John von Neumann, Kevin Kelly, knowledge worker, Mahatma Gandhi, Menlo Park, Mother of all demos, Norbert Wiener, packet switching, Paul Terrell, popular electronics, QWERTY keyboard, RAND corporation, RFC: Request For Comment, Richard Stallman, Robert X Cringely, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, South of Market, San Francisco, speech recognition, Steve Crocker, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, The Hackers Conference, Thorstein Veblen, Turing test, union organizing, Vannevar Bush, Whole Earth Catalog, William Shockley: the traitorous eight

Taylor suggested that he bring potential customers to his office at the Pentagon, where he would demonstrate remote use from the terminal connected to the Berkeley computer.21 Within a couple of months, they had more than twenty interested buyers, and Palevsky caved in and agreed to market the new computer as the SDS-940. Following Licklider’s lead, Taylor was instrumental in pursuing technologies that enhanced human-computer interaction, and he remained Engelbart’s single most significant backer throughout the sixties. He was emblematic of a small group of scientists at the Pentagon at the height of the Vietnam War who had a very different worldview than much of the military organization that employed them. The people working with Taylor in the Defense Department who supported the computer-research activities of the 1960s were largely uncoupled from the military. Not only did they keep their distance from the soldiers in uniform, but they also had a set of values more in common with those in the universities and the corporate laboratories than with the bureaucratic system that was waging war in Southeast Asia.

He was already familiar with the ARPAnet ideas that would ultimately lead to today’s Internet. Moreover, in Hawaii, ARPA-funded experimenters were playing with the idea of creating wireless networks, and so it made sense that his notebook-sized Flex machine would have a wireless connection to the outside world as well. All of these systems and ideas began to bubble together in a hazy synthesis. Early on, however, Kay realized that he had a different worldview than Engelbart’s. He thought that Engelbart’s concept was more like a “personal dynamic vehicle,” which in Kay’s mind was still too similar to IBM’s bureaucratic and impersonal mainframe railroads. Moreover, the real breakthrough, he decided, would be to create a personal dynamic medium. Influenced by Papert, he realized there was no sense in waiting until high school to begin studying computers, using a drivers’ education analogy for personal computing.

pages: 385 words: 103,561

Pinpoint: How GPS Is Changing Our World by Greg Milner

Ayatollah Khomeini, British Empire, creative destruction, data acquisition, Dava Sobel, different worldview, digital map, Edmond Halley, Eratosthenes, experimental subject, Flash crash, friendly fire, Hedy Lamarr / George Antheil, Internet of things, Isaac Newton, John Harrison: Longitude, Kevin Kelly, land tenure, lone genius, low earth orbit, Mars Rover, Mercator projection, place-making, polynesian navigation, precision agriculture, race to the bottom, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, skunkworks, smart grid, the map is not the territory

Whatever happened, Lewis felt the world had lost more than just an expert navigator. Tevake represented the last link to firsthand knowledge of how humans had conquered the most treacherous third of the world. And Lewis had failed to extract that knowledge before the link was severed. Lewis looked again at Tupaia’s map. He suspected it represented a way of conceiving space that was similar to Tevake’s—literally, a completely different worldview. Some principles of ancient Polynesian navigation are incredible to behold, but conceptually simple to grasp—that is, we can imagine how they would work. We understand that any navigator must first set a course. The Polynesian navigator’s primary tool would be his sidereal compass. Not a compass in the way we understand the term, the sidereal compass cannot be held in the hand—it is all in his head.

The results suggested that Tupaia had not created an objective map of the Pacific, but a subjective view from his perspective presented, as closely as he could imagine, in the language of Cartesian space. The map was not so much a map as it was a “mosaic of sailing directions.” It was a way for Tupaia to represent his conception of navigating the Pacific. Tupaia was trying to map a system similar to etak. He was attempting to reconcile two very different worldviews, and he nearly succeeded. His map is relatively accurate as a map—enough to make Cook think that’s what it was, but not enough for it to make sense to him. “Both could look at the manuscript and see their own system represented,” the researchers noted. By the time this analysis appeared, the mystery of Polynesian migration was largely settled. Captain Cook’s initial inclination to believe in an easterly migration was correct.

Small Change: Why Business Won't Save the World by Michael Edwards

Bernie Madoff, clean water, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, different worldview, high net worth, invisible hand, knowledge economy, light touch regulation, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Shuttleworth, market bubble, microcredit, Nelson Mandela, New Journalism, Ponzi scheme, profit motive, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transaction costs

That is why we need alternative allocation mechanisms through government and civil society for things like public spaces or access to the Internet, which markets would distribute unequally, if at all. The profit motive is not a dirty word, but it is a different word from solidarity and caring with no expectation of return. These differences cannot be wished away. They are rooted, often unconsciously, in different worldviews and cultures. But market values and human values are not just different; they pull in opposite directions in many important ways, and the risks involved in mixing them together are apparent in the evidence reviewed in chapter 3. Unless those risks are recognized, it won’t be possible to identify when business thinking can help social change and when it can’t. the high cost of mission drift 67 Wants, Needs, and Rights The raison d’être of markets is to satisfy personal wants according to the purchasing power of each consumer, so expecting “creative capitalism” to serve poorer people doesn’t make much sense against the background of large-scale inequality.

pages: 131 words: 41,052

Why Europe Will Run the 21st Century by Mark Leonard

Berlin Wall, Celtic Tiger, continuous integration, cuban missile crisis, different worldview, European colonialism, facts on the ground, failed state, global reserve currency, invisible hand, knowledge economy, mass immigration, non-tariff barriers, North Sea oil, one-China policy, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, pension reform, reserve currency, Robert Gordon, shareholder value, South China Sea, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, trade liberalization, Washington Consensus

With his weapons inspections, this softly spoken balding former diplomat became the personification of hope and peace. The other familiar figure in those tense few months was Donald Rumsfeld, the ebullient American Secretary of Defense. The former wrestling champion also promised to destroy the Iraqi will to fight: not by relying on inspections, but using ‘shock and awe’ to scare Iraqis into submission. The conflict went beyond the situation in Iraq. The two men became archetypes for different worldviews: the pyrotechnic might of the United States military was the perfect foil to the United Nation’s preference for inspections. One offered to contain the Iraqis by spectacular displays of power, the other by keeping them under constant surveillance. Unfortunately, spectacle and surveillance were just two sides of the same impotence, because both attempted to control Iraq from the outside.

pages: 189 words: 52,741

Lifestyle Entrepreneur: Live Your Dreams, Ignite Your Passions and Run Your Business From Anywhere in the World by Jesse Krieger

Airbnb, always be closing, bounce rate, call centre, carbon footprint, commoditize, Deng Xiaoping, different worldview, financial independence, follow your passion, income inequality, iterative process, Ralph Waldo Emerson, search engine result page, Skype, software as a service, South China Sea, Steve Jobs

As we’ll discuss in a later section, beliefs, thoughts, emotions and actions all impact one another and are the primary variables in formulating and maintaining your identity. Taking inventory of your physical state includes what you do to your body and what you put in it, but also touches on what type of body you were born with. Being super tall can make people pre-disposed to say, playing basketball or needing to stretch more, while having some type of allergy or medical condition would drive a different worldview and lifestyle choices than someone without them. Finish these sentences to start shedding some light on the physical drivers that influence your identity and lifestyle choices: In order to stay healthy and in shape, every week I… When choosing what to eat and drink, I focus on… The environments and activities that make me feel energized are… The traits I was born with that influence how I interact with the world are… The physical traits I am most satisfied with are… The physical traits I am not pleased with are… To be even more healthy and fit I could focus more energy on… My Physical Identity Drivers Here are some of the physical drivers that influence and define how I interact with the world: Cycling & Gym 5x/Week — Once I got serious about getting in the best shape of my life, and started feeling the benefits of doing so, this workout regimen started to fall into place.

The Great Turning: From Empire to Earth Community by David C. Korten

Albert Einstein, banks create money, big-box store, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business cycle, clean water, colonial rule, Community Supported Agriculture, death of newspapers, declining real wages, different worldview, European colonialism, Francisco Pizarro, full employment, George Gilder, global supply chain, global village, God and Mammon, Hernando de Soto, Howard Zinn, informal economy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, joint-stock company, land reform, market bubble, market fundamentalism, Monroe Doctrine, Naomi Klein, neoliberal agenda, new economy, peak oil, planetary scale, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Project for a New American Century, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, sexual politics, shared worldview, social intelligence, source of truth, South Sea Bubble, stem cell, structural adjustment programs, The Chicago School, trade route, Washington Consensus, wealth creators, World Values Survey

TELL ME YOUR IMAGE OF GOD In his presentation, Borg challenged us with the assertion, “Tell me your image of God and I’ll tell you your politics.” Serving Different Masters Borg elaborates that the Christian Bible describes God in terms of two quite different clusters of metaphors that evoke different images and suggest quite different relationships between humans and the sacred. These metaphors spring from contrasting voices within the biblical tradition and reflect sharply different worldviews.5 One affirms the dominator 258 PART IV: THE GREAT TURNING relations of Empire and the other the partnership relations of Earth Community. The first cluster uses the familiar anthropomorphic metaphors of king, lord, and father, which evoke an image of a distant male authority figure with a physical human form to whom humans are presumed to owe unquestioning loyalty and strict obedience akin to that of a child to a traditional father, or a subject to a king.

This clever political stroke enabled them to build electoral support for politicians aligned behind the real agenda of monetary concentration and elite imperial rule. What Progressives Must Learn If Earth Community is to prevail, progressives must learn to win in the arena of cultural politics. Win that struggle, and electoral and legislative victories will follow naturally. A key to success is to recognize that the different orders of human consciousness operate from different worldviews and differ in their capacities for compassion and understanding. Messages easily understood by a higher order of consciousness may seem illogical or even absurd to a lower order. Appealing to Power Seekers to recognize the moral hypocrisy of their actions is an exercise in futility, because the Imperial Consciousness 330 PART V: BIRTHING EARTH COMMUNIT Y lacks the emotional intelligence required to see itself through the eyes of the victims of its actions.

pages: 210 words: 56,667

The Misfit Economy: Lessons in Creativity From Pirates, Hackers, Gangsters and Other Informal Entrepreneurs by Alexa Clay, Kyra Maya Phillips

Airbnb, Alfred Russel Wallace, Berlin Wall, Burning Man, collaborative consumption, conceptual framework, creative destruction, different worldview, disruptive innovation, double helix, fear of failure, game design, Hacker Ethic, Howard Rheingold, informal economy, invention of the steam engine, James Watt: steam engine, Joseph Schumpeter, Kickstarter, lone genius, Mark Zuckerberg, mass incarceration, megacity, Occupy movement, peer-to-peer rental, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, supply-chain management, union organizing, Whole Earth Catalog, Whole Earth Review, Zipcar

Don’t just be content with being the lonely, misunderstood outsider. If you switch directions, take people on the journey with you. Use language they will understand, and don’t be frustrated if they don’t get it right away. Be patient and know that any personal pivot involves ambiguity. And those unknowns can make us uncomfortable. On a personal level, it wasn’t always easy for Mack to hold these different worldviews within himself. He was uncertain how to commit himself fully to ideas that defied the training to which he had devoted his life’s work. But the daring intellect that had distinguished his scientific career made it impossible for him to turn away from work that proffered such gripping questions of human identity and cosmic reality. Mack’s deviation from the beliefs of his colleagues and his unconventional pursuit earned him the reputation of “that Harvard professor who believed in aliens.”

pages: 224 words: 64,156

You Are Not a Gadget by Jaron Lanier

1960s counterculture, accounting loophole / creative accounting, additive manufacturing, Albert Einstein, call centre, cloud computing, commoditize, crowdsourcing, death of newspapers, different worldview, digital Maoism, Douglas Hofstadter, Extropian, follow your passion, hive mind, Internet Archive, Jaron Lanier, jimmy wales, John Conway, John von Neumann, Kevin Kelly, Long Term Capital Management, Network effects, new economy, packet switching, PageRank, pattern recognition, Ponzi scheme, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Stallman, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, slashdot, social graph, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, telemarketer, telepresence, The Wisdom of Crowds, trickle-down economics, Turing test, Vernor Vinge, Whole Earth Catalog

In order to oppose orthodoxy, I have to provide more than a few jabs. I also have to realize an alternative intellectual environment that is large enough to roam in. Someone who has been immersed in orthodoxy needs to experience a figure-ground reversal in order to gain perspective. This can’t come from encountering just a few heterodox thoughts, but only from a new encompassing architecture of interconnected thoughts that can engulf a person with a different worldview. So, in this book, I have spun a long tale of belief in the opposites of computationalism, the noosphere, the Singularity, web 2.0, the long tail, and all the rest. I hope the volume of my contrarianism will foster an alternative mental environment, where the exciting opportunity to start creating a new digital humanism can begin. An inevitable side effect of this project of deprogramming through immersion is that I will direct a sustained stream of negativity onto the ideas I am criticizing.

The Techno-Human Condition by Braden R. Allenby, Daniel R. Sarewitz

airport security, augmented reality, carbon footprint, clean water, cognitive dissonance, coherent worldview, conceptual framework, creative destruction, Credit Default Swap, decarbonisation, different worldview, facts on the ground, friendly fire, industrial cluster, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Jane Jacobs, land tenure, life extension, Long Term Capital Management, market fundamentalism, mutually assured destruction, nuclear winter, Peter Singer: altruism, planetary scale, prediction markets, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ray Kurzweil, Silicon Valley, smart grid, source of truth, stem cell, Stewart Brand, technoutopianism, the built environment, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transcontinental railway, Whole Earth Catalog

., the Enlightenment commitment to rational action based on evidence and induction) work well at Level I, and fairly well at Level II, where the connections among goals, technologies, and social and cultural context are often visible. 122 Chapter 6 At Level III, however, all worldviews, even the most privileged, such as the science discourse and liberal democracy, are partial, and a failure to explore different worldviews and identify appropriate options can rapidly become ineffective or even fatal. So long as the Greenland weather behaved like European weather, the Christian and European cultural worldview served the settlers well: they were in a Level I and Level II world. But when climate changed, they were thrown into a Level III situation-highly unpredictable and contingent-and failed to adjust. The intellectual confusion that occurs when one applies Level I and Level II coherent worldviews to a Level III condition is quite evident today in the climate-change arena and in the infatuation with "carbon footprints."

pages: 226 words: 69,893

The Accidental Billionaires: The Founding of Facebook: A Tale of Sex, Money, Genius and Betrayal by Ben Mezrich

different worldview, Mark Zuckerberg, old-boy network, Peter Thiel, rolodex, side project, Silicon Valley, social web

The main thing he wanted to push Mark into understanding was that it was time to start chasing advertising dollars. That’s how they would monetize Facebook, through ads. Eduardo knew it was going to be a tough sell; Mark wanted to just keep it as a fun site, not try to make any money off of it yet. But then again, he was the kid who had turned down a million bucks in high school. Who knew if he’d ever want to monetize Facebook? Eduardo had a different worldview. Facebook was costing them money. Not much, just the cost of the servers, but as more people joined in, surely those costs would go up. The thousand dollars Eduardo had put into the Web site wasn’t going to last forever. Until the company had some sort of profit model, until they could figure out how to make money off of it—it was still just a novelty. Its value was certainly going up—but to turn that value into cash, they needed advertisers.

pages: 229 words: 67,869

So You've Been Publicly Shamed by Jon Ronson

4chan, AltaVista, Berlin Wall, Broken windows theory, Burning Man, Clive Stafford Smith, cognitive dissonance, Desert Island Discs, different worldview, don't be evil, Donald Trump, drone strike, Google Hangouts, illegal immigration, Menlo Park, PageRank, Ralph Nader, Rosa Parks, Silicon Valley, Skype, Stanford prison experiment, Steve Jobs, urban planning, WikiLeaks

[ … ] Mike: I believe that when I perform it in a theatrical context … we have different languages for what the truth means. Ira: I understand that you believe that but I think you’re kidding yourself. Normal people who go to see a person talk - people take it as a literal truth. I thought that the story was literally true seeing it in the theatre. Brian, who’s seen other shows of yours, thought all of them were true. Mike: We have different worldviews on some of these things. Ira: I know. But I feel like I have the normal worldview. The normal worldview is somebody stands on stage and says ‘this happened to me,’ I think it happened to them, unless it’s clearly labelled as ‘here’s a work of fiction’. [ … ] Ira: I have such a weird mix of feelings about this. Because I simultaneously feel terrible for you, and also, I feel lied to. And also, I stuck my neck out for you.

pages: 281 words: 69,107

Belt and Road: A Chinese World Order by Bruno Maçães

active measures, Admiral Zheng, autonomous vehicles, Branko Milanovic, BRICs, cloud computing, deindustrialization, demographic dividend, Deng Xiaoping, different worldview, Donald Trump, energy security, European colonialism, eurozone crisis, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, global supply chain, global value chain, industrial cluster, industrial robot, Internet of things, Kenneth Rogoff, land reform, liberal world order, Malacca Straits, one-China policy, Pearl River Delta, smart cities, South China Sea, sovereign wealth fund, special economic zone, trade liberalization, trade route, zero-sum game

The Belt and Road may never become universal—just as the West never became universal—but in some areas it will rule unimpeded and different shades of influence will be felt everywhere. As we have seen in preceding chapters, the new Chinese Tianxia may remind us of the American-led order in some important respects—a network of economic relations used to exert pressure over friendly and less friendly countries and a longterm strategy to shape their internal politics in certain directions—but it is based on a fundamentally different worldview. Modern liberalism of the kind exemplified by the American republic is neutral and mechanic. Its constitution is meant to be a system of checks and balances, capable of counteracting the follies of leaders through institutional and legal constraints. Its political and legal culture is deliberately neutral, keeping as much distance as possible from every particular vision of the good life.

pages: 270 words: 85,450

Being Mortal: Medicine and What Matters in the End by Atul Gawande

Atul Gawande, Checklist Manifesto, clean water, delayed gratification, different worldview, longitudinal study, Skype, stem cell

In fact, they’d hardly had a raise in two or three years because of state budget cuts in nursing home reimbursements. Yet the same state government spent money on a bunch of plants and animals? Others believed that, just as in anyone’s home, the animals were a responsibility that everyone should share. When you have animals, things happen, and whoever is there takes care of what needs to be done, whether it’s the nursing home director or a nurse’s aide. It was a battle over fundamentally different worldviews: Were they running an institution or providing a home? Greising worked to encourage the latter view. She helped the staff balance responsibilities. Gradually people started to accept that filling Chase with life was everyone’s task. And they did so not because of any rational set of arguments or compromises but because the effect on residents soon became impossible to ignore: the residents began to wake up and come to life.

Rethinking Money: How New Currencies Turn Scarcity Into Prosperity by Bernard Lietaer, Jacqui Dunne

3D printing, agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, Asian financial crisis, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, BRICs, business climate, business cycle, business process, butterfly effect, carbon footprint, Carmen Reinhart, clockwork universe, collapse of Lehman Brothers, complexity theory, conceptual framework, credit crunch, different worldview, discounted cash flows, en.wikipedia.org, Fall of the Berlin Wall, fear of failure, fiat currency, financial innovation, Fractional reserve banking, full employment, German hyperinflation, happiness index / gross national happiness, job satisfaction, liberation theology, Marshall McLuhan, microcredit, mobile money, money: store of value / unit of account / medium of exchange, more computing power than Apollo, new economy, Occupy movement, price stability, reserve currency, Silicon Valley, the payments system, too big to fail, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, urban decay, War on Poverty, working poor

Did you know that the prevailing money system generates several other harmful consequences, including short-termism, compulsory growth pressure, cyclical recessions, unrelenting concentration of wealth, and erosion of social and physical or natural capital? All these factors together create a wholly unsustainable financial structure that is, indeed, disintegrating. So, how did we get here? Modern money, the type we use today, was invented in a very different time with a different worldview and another set of priorities and challenges than we have today. Money is not a product of nature, something that grows on a tree and can be harvested. Rather, modern money is a human construct that was conceived and fashioned back in the 1700s in Europe and then evolved, first in England, to become the engine for the Industrial Revolution. Up until that point, the vast majority of people eked out meager existences, while real wealth was obtained mainly through the spoils of war or colonization, marriage or inheritance.

pages: 299 words: 91,839

What Would Google Do? by Jeff Jarvis

23andMe, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Amazon Web Services, Anne Wojcicki, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, business process, call centre, cashless society, citizen journalism, clean water, commoditize, connected car, credit crunch, crowdsourcing, death of newspapers, different worldview, disintermediation, diversified portfolio, don't be evil, fear of failure, Firefox, future of journalism, G4S, Google Earth, Googley, Howard Rheingold, informal economy, inventory management, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, Kevin Kelly, Mark Zuckerberg, moral hazard, Network effects, new economy, Nicholas Carr, old-boy network, PageRank, peer-to-peer lending, post scarcity, prediction markets, pre–internet, Ronald Coase, search inside the book, Silicon Valley, Skype, social graph, social software, social web, spectrum auction, speech recognition, Steve Jobs, the medium is the message, The Nature of the Firm, the payments system, The Wisdom of Crowds, transaction costs, web of trust, WikiLeaks, Y Combinator, Zipcar

Gore and company want to raise the cost of carbon—the cost of polluting—whereas the Google team wants to lower the cost of energy. I’m a bit unfair to Gore, for he would argue that the proceeds of his taxes would fund technology development. But Google doesn’t need tax dollars. If it were a country, its $20 billion revenue would rank it about 80th in gross domestic product. It can invest in energy research on its own. Still, we see different worldviews at work. “You can’t succeed just out of conservation because then you won’t have economic development,” Brilliant said. “Find a way to make electricity—not to cut back on it but to have more of it than you ever dreamed of.” More power than you ever dreamed of. Create and manage abundance rather than control scarcity—as ever, that is the Google worldview. Whereas Gore talks about what we shouldn’t do, Google talks about what we can do.

pages: 316 words: 91,969

Gray Lady Down: What the Decline and Fall of the New York Times Means for America by William McGowan

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, corporate governance, David Brooks, different worldview, East Village, friendly fire, haute couture, illegal immigration, immigration reform, liberation theology, medical residency, New Journalism, obamacare, payday loans, postnationalism / post nation state, pre–internet, uranium enrichment, yellow journalism, young professional

He finished his controversial meditation: “It’s one thing to make the paper’s pages a congenial home for editorial polemicists, conceptual artists, the fashion-forward or other like-minded souls (European papers, aligned with specific political parties, have been doing it for centuries), and quite another to tell only the side of the story your co-religionists wish to hear.” For those with a different worldview from the one that dominates the Times, the paper must necessarily seem “like an alien beast.” Arthur Sulzberger Jr., the publisher, responded to a query from Okrent by saying that he preferred to call the paper’s viewpoint “urban.” The tumultuous, polyglot metropolitan environment that the Times occupies meant that “We’re less easily shocked,” Sulzberger said. He maintained that the paper reflected “a value system that recognizes the power of flexibility.”

pages: 327 words: 88,121

The Vanishing Neighbor: The Transformation of American Community by Marc J. Dunkelman

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, assortative mating, Berlin Wall, big-box store, blue-collar work, Bretton Woods, Broken windows theory, business cycle, call centre, clean water, cuban missile crisis, dark matter, David Brooks, delayed gratification, different worldview, double helix, Downton Abbey, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Filter Bubble, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, George Santayana, Gini coefficient, glass ceiling, global supply chain, global village, helicopter parent, if you build it, they will come, impulse control, income inequality, invention of movable type, Jane Jacobs, Khyber Pass, Louis Pasteur, Marshall McLuhan, McMansion, Nate Silver, obamacare, Occupy movement, Peter Thiel, post-industrial society, Richard Florida, rolodex, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Skype, social intelligence, Stanford marshmallow experiment, Steve Jobs, telemarketer, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the medium is the message, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, urban decay, urban planning, Walter Mischel, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, World Values Survey, zero-sum game

Working in conjunction with administrators at West Point, she found that that undergraduates who scored nearer the top of her grit scale were more likely to maintain high GPAs even than those who had done better on the SATs (which, broadly defined, is more commensurate with a measure of IQ).16 Moreover, the traditional measure of an undergraduate’s aptitude as a soldier—a grade known colloquially as the “Whole Candidate Score”—was less reliable than his or her grit score in predicting whether the soldier would survive “Beast Barracks,” the toughest part of a cadet’s training.17 How this notion of “character” connects to the challenge of maintaining the different sorts of relationships may not be immediately apparent. But we can infer from the evidence that grit plays an integral role in determining how we invest our time and attention. Those who aren’t able to withstand the impulse to lash out at a disagreeable acquaintance are unlikely to bond in any depth with someone who has a different worldview, if only because they’re unlikely to be able to stifle the impulse to lash out or talk back. And so, if the challenges that arise from the shift from townships to networks have been driven by our diminishing capacity to harness the strength of America’s diversity, enhancing our noncognitive skills offers the best hope we might have to encourage the formation of friendly but unintimate connections.

pages: 227 words: 32,306

Using Open Source Platforms for Business Intelligence: Avoid Pitfalls and Maximize Roi by Lyndsay Wise

barriers to entry, business intelligence, business process, call centre, cloud computing, commoditize, different worldview, en.wikipedia.org, Just-in-time delivery, knowledge worker, Richard Stallman, software as a service, statistical model, supply-chain management, the market place

For instance, IT considers other departments’ customers, whereas customer service looks at a customer as a person calling into the call center. Companies that deal with membership may have differing views on when a membership starts. In some cases, it might be when the application is submitted, in other cases it will be when payment is received, while in others it might be when a customer is invoiced. All of these situations mean that different people within businesses have different worldviews and apply separate calculations to their work, resulting in data that is considered “manipulated” to some extent. 82 CHAPTER 8 The strategy behind BI adoption Mitigating risk Another reason organizations look at BI is to help mitigate risk. In the past, much risk management within BI remained within the realm of finance, insurance, and banking, but most organizations need to assess potential risk and help mitigate its effects on the organization.

pages: 537 words: 99,778

Dreaming in Public: Building the Occupy Movement by Amy Lang, Daniel Lang/levitsky

activist lawyer, Bay Area Rapid Transit, bonus culture, British Empire, clean water, cognitive dissonance, collective bargaining, corporate governance, corporate personhood, crowdsourcing, David Graeber, deindustrialization, different worldview, facts on the ground, glass ceiling, housing crisis, Kibera, late capitalism, mass incarceration, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, Occupy movement, oil shale / tar sands, out of africa, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Port of Oakland, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, Slavoj Žižek, structural adjustment programs, the medium is the message, too big to fail, trade liberalization, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban renewal, War on Poverty, We are Anonymous. We are Legion, We are the 99%, white flight, working poor

We are thankful, and rejoice, for the emergence of a movement that is mindful of its place in the environment, that seeks economic and social justice, that strives for an end to oppression in all its forms, that demands an adequate standard of food, employment, shelter and healthcare for all, and that calls for envisioning a new, respectful and honorable society. We have been waiting for 519 years for such a movement, ever since that fateful day in October 1492 when a different worldview arrived – one of greed, hierarchy, destruction and genocide. In observing the ‘Occupy Together’ expansion, we are reminded that the territories of our indigenous nations have been ‘under occupation’ for decades, if not centuries. We remind the occupants of this encampment in Denver that they are on the territories of the Cheyenne, Arapaho and Ute peoples. In the US, indigenous nations were the first targets of corporate/government oppression.

pages: 338 words: 100,477

Split-Second Persuasion: The Ancient Art and New Science of Changing Minds by Kevin Dutton

availability heuristic, Bernie Madoff, call centre, Cass Sunstein, cognitive bias, cognitive dissonance, credit crunch, different worldview, double helix, Douglas Hofstadter, equity premium, fundamental attribution error, haute couture, job satisfaction, loss aversion, Milgram experiment, placebo effect, Stephen Hawking, Steven Pinker, theory of mind, ultimatum game, upwardly mobile

In addition to weight of numbers, there’s a portfolio of factors that go with increased conformity. 5These, laboratory studies have shown, include: feelings of incompetence or insecurity; a group presence of at least three (additional members generate minimal increments in conformity); unanimity (the effect of even a single dissident opinion is catastrophic); admiration for the group; no prior commitments; and group surveillance of the individual: in Asch’s line study, for example, the incidence of conformity tailed off dramatically when participants, rather than indicating their opinions publicly, responded in private instead. Add to these a charismatic leader like Jim Jones, segregation from those with a different worldview (for members of the People’s Temple dissenting opinion was pretty thin on the ground in the jungle of north-west Guyana – as it was for Shehzad Tanweer in the madrasa he visited in Lahore), and an incremental induction procedure incorporating progressively larger gestures of group commitment (distributing leaflets, mentoring new members, getting involved in policy decisions: the foot-in-the-door technique, in other words) and you eventually end up with something very dangerous indeed.

pages: 301 words: 100,597

My Life as a Goddess: A Memoir Through (Un)Popular Culture by Guy Branum

bitcoin, different worldview, G4S, Google Glasses, Joan Didion, Kickstarter, Mark Zuckerberg, oil shale / tar sands, out of africa, pets.com, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Rosa Parks, Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, Silicon Valley, Snapchat, telemarketer

I did not make sense to others. My father never said, “I want you to see The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance.” The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance is an achingly resonant work about my relationship with my father. In 1962, my father watched and loved a film that was fundamentally about the tensions that would make communication between the two of us difficult or impossible. It is a film about two men with fundamentally different worldviews trying to cooperate and only briefly succeeding. The film begins with a frame tale. Jimmy Stewart plays Senator Ransom Stoddard (are you lethargic from the weight of western hokeyness yet?) who returns to the town of Shinbone (it will get worse), Generic Western State, with his wife, Hallie (the unsubtle Vera Miles), because Someone Very Important has died. A young, handsome local reporter, evocative of all the qualities of white masculinity that we, and the West, believe in, notes the coming of the senator and alerts his editor.

pages: 385 words: 111,113

Augmented: Life in the Smart Lane by Brett King

23andMe, 3D printing, additive manufacturing, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, agricultural Revolution, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, Amazon Web Services, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, Apple II, artificial general intelligence, asset allocation, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, bitcoin, blockchain, business intelligence, business process, call centre, chief data officer, Chris Urmson, Clayton Christensen, clean water, congestion charging, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, deskilling, different worldview, disruptive innovation, distributed generation, distributed ledger, double helix, drone strike, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, Fellow of the Royal Society, fiat currency, financial exclusion, Flash crash, Flynn Effect, future of work, gig economy, Google Glasses, Google X / Alphabet X, Hans Lippershey, Hyperloop, income inequality, industrial robot, information asymmetry, Internet of things, invention of movable type, invention of the printing press, invention of the telephone, invention of the wheel, James Dyson, Jeff Bezos, job automation, job-hopping, John Markoff, John von Neumann, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, Kodak vs Instagram, Leonard Kleinrock, lifelogging, low earth orbit, low skilled workers, Lyft, M-Pesa, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, megacity, Metcalfe’s law, Minecraft, mobile money, money market fund, more computing power than Apollo, Network effects, new economy, obamacare, Occupy movement, Oculus Rift, off grid, packet switching, pattern recognition, peer-to-peer, Ray Kurzweil, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Metcalfe, Satoshi Nakamoto, Second Machine Age, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), self-driving car, sharing economy, Shoshana Zuboff, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, smart cities, smart grid, smart transportation, Snapchat, social graph, software as a service, speech recognition, statistical model, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, strong AI, TaskRabbit, technological singularity, telemarketer, telepresence, telepresence robot, Tesla Model S, The Future of Employment, Tim Cook: Apple, trade route, Travis Kalanick, Turing complete, Turing test, uber lyft, undersea cable, urban sprawl, V2 rocket, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, white picket fence, WikiLeaks

In most of the developed world, it is likely that you would not be able to get a professional job today without a LinkedIn profile or an online network you can leverage. Marshall McLuhan is credited with a great quote that aptly describes the world that the generation born post-PC and -Internet find themselves in today: “I don’t know who discovered water, but I’m pretty sure it wasn’t a fish…” Marshall McLuhan, 1966 speech Let’s think about this generation born into a world of technology. A generation that has such a different worldview of technology that Jordan Greenhall24 calls them the “Omega” generation—the last generation. Applying the Marshall McLuhan attribution, these kids who were born after 2000 don’t see technology around them as new; to them, it is just like air or water. It isn’t unique, it isn’t disruptive and it isn’t different—it’s just there. Children born after 2000 most likely don’t attach much personal significance to events like 9/11, simply because to them it is history.

The Case for Israel by Alan Dershowitz

affirmative action, Boycotts of Israel, British Empire, different worldview, facts on the ground, Jeffrey Epstein, Nelson Mandela, one-state solution, RAND corporation, Silicon Valley, the scientific method, Thomas L Friedman, trade route, Yom Kippur War

And the themes of outright Holocaust denial and blaming the Holocaust on the Jews are pervasive in the Friday sermons that are telecast by the Palestinian Authority.8 It is not surprising that two of the issues that unite the extremists on the far right and the far left are Holocaust denial and unwavering support for Palestinian terrorism. It might be difficult to imagine two more different people with more different worldviews than Patrick Buchanan, the paleoconservative, and Noam Chomsky, the radical left anarchist. Yet they both strongly support the Palestinians and hate Israel. They also have both flirted with Holocaust denial, as have many Palestinian and Arab leaders. Pat Buchanan has expressed doubts about whether Jews were gassed at Treblinka. His “evidence” was the following vignette: “In 1988, 97 kids, trapped 200 feet underground in a Washington, D.C. tunnel while two locomotives spewed diesel exhaust into the car, emerged unharmed after 45 minutes.”9 An article in the New Republic pointed out that “much of the material on which Buchanan bases his columns [about the Holocaust] is sent to him by pro-Nazi, and anti-Semitic cranks.”

The Global Citizen: A Guide to Creating an International Life and Career by Elizabeth Kruempelmann

Berlin Wall, business climate, corporate governance, different worldview, Fall of the Berlin Wall, follow your passion, global village, job satisfaction, Menlo Park, money market fund, Nelson Mandela, young professional

G LOBAL R OUTES www.globalroutes.org 1814 7th Street, Suite A Berkeley, CA 94710 Phone: 510-848-4800 Fax: 510-848-4801 192 CHAPTER SIX Global Routes offers teaching and community service project internships in Asia, Africa, Central America, and United States for students ages seventeen and older. Programs are best suited for people who have a passion for adventure, contribution, cross-cultural immersion, and personal growth. The goal of the program is to bring people with different worldviews together to create a global community. Global Routes interns are assigned to remote villages in pairs, where they’ll teach in local schools and complete at least one community service project. Interns generally teach English, math, science, environmental education, or health, and may also choose to coach soccer, volleyball, basketball, or debate; direct plays or choir; teach guitar, martial arts, or a craft; or initiate a dance troupe or poetry club.

pages: 467 words: 116,902

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander

affirmative action, cognitive bias, Columbine, Corrections Corporation of America, deindustrialization, desegregation, different worldview, ending welfare as we know it, friendly fire, Gunnar Myrdal, illegal immigration, land reform, large denomination, low skilled workers, mandatory minimum, mass incarceration, means of production, new economy, New Urbanism, pink-collar, profit motive, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, trickle-down economics, upwardly mobile, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, zero-sum game

He immediately understood what I hoped to accomplish with this book and provided critical institutional support. My husband, Carter Stewart, has been my rock. Without ever once uttering a word of complaint, he has read and reread drafts and rearranged his schedule countless times to care for our children, so that I could make progress with my writing. As a federal prosecutor, he does not share my views about the criminal justice system, but his different worldview has not, even for a moment, compromised his ability to support me, lovingly, at every turn in my efforts to share my truth. I made the best decision of my life when I married him. My mother and sister, too, have been blessings in my life. Determined to ensure that I actually finished this book, they have exhausted themselves chasing after the little people in my home, who are bundles of joy (and more than a little tiring).

pages: 387 words: 120,155

Inside the Nudge Unit: How Small Changes Can Make a Big Difference by David Halpern

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, availability heuristic, carbon footprint, Cass Sunstein, centre right, choice architecture, cognitive dissonance, collaborative consumption, correlation does not imply causation, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, different worldview, endowment effect, happiness index / gross national happiness, hedonic treadmill, hindsight bias, IKEA effect, illegal immigration, job satisfaction, Kickstarter, libertarian paternalism, light touch regulation, longitudinal study, market design, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Milgram experiment, nudge unit, peer-to-peer lending, pension reform, presumed consent, QR code, quantitative easing, randomized controlled trial, Richard Thaler, Right to Buy, Ronald Reagan, Rory Sutherland, Simon Kuznets, skunkworks, the built environment, theory of mind, traffic fines, twin studies, World Values Survey

There were nods around the table. ‘Yes,’ agreed the senior official from the Department of Health, ‘that would do it.’ The more senior of the Ministers grinned at me, then scanned the table. ‘We have an agreement, then?’ he declared. We did indeed – and something much more. We had moved into a world where Ministers begin to know the merits of a controlled trial, and demand it of their officials. It is a very different worldview from the brash self-confidence of conventional politics, and falsely confident professional practice, that we have become used to. But it is a worldview that brings results, and will probably be the most important legacy of the quirky empiricism that BIT brought to the heart of British government in 2010, and is now spreading through the world. SECTION 4 WHERE NEXT? We have seen how behavioural insights can be used to improve the practical workings of a vast range of processes and practices, and also used to reshape how we think about policy, society and the economy more fundamentally.

pages: 523 words: 111,615

The Economics of Enough: How to Run the Economy as if the Future Matters by Diane Coyle

"Robert Solow", accounting loophole / creative accounting, affirmative action, bank run, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, bonus culture, Branko Milanovic, BRICs, business cycle, call centre, Cass Sunstein, central bank independence, collapse of Lehman Brothers, conceptual framework, corporate governance, correlation does not imply causation, Credit Default Swap, deindustrialization, demographic transition, Diane Coyle, different worldview, disintermediation, Edward Glaeser, endogenous growth, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, experimental economics, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Financial Instability Hypothesis, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, George Akerlof, Gini coefficient, global supply chain, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, happiness index / gross national happiness, hedonic treadmill, Hyman Minsky, If something cannot go on forever, it will stop - Herbert Stein's Law, illegal immigration, income inequality, income per capita, industrial cluster, information asymmetry, intangible asset, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Arrow, Kenneth Rogoff, knowledge economy, light touch regulation, low skilled workers, market bubble, market design, market fundamentalism, megacity, Network effects, new economy, night-watchman state, Northern Rock, oil shock, Pareto efficiency, principal–agent problem, profit motive, purchasing power parity, railway mania, rising living standards, Ronald Reagan, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), Silicon Valley, South Sea Bubble, Steven Pinker, The Design of Experiments, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, The Market for Lemons, The Myth of the Rational Market, The Spirit Level, transaction costs, transfer pricing, tulip mania, ultimatum game, University of East Anglia, web application, web of trust, winner-take-all economy, World Values Survey, zero-sum game

De Waal concludes from this work: “A solitary person would have no need for morality, nor would a person who lives with others without moral dependency. Under such circumstances each individual would just go its own way. There would be no pressure to evolve social constraints or moral tendencies.”11 However, as we are social and do depend on each other, we have evolved to be moral. Moral views vary greatly for different people—in any conflict each party thinks it has right on its side, and in some conflicts the contenders have entirely different worldviews about right and wrong—but there are also a few moral universals. Prominent among these is a sense of fairness. Moral sentiments such as fairness and reciprocity are common to all primates; some add to these fundamental instincts the social pressures that favor a cooperative group life through punishment and reward. Humans apply judgment and reasoning on top of these two levels of morality, in particular the notion that objectivity or impartiality is an important part of morality.

pages: 446 words: 117,660

Arguing With Zombies: Economics, Politics, and the Fight for a Better Future by Paul Krugman

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Andrei Shleifer, Asian financial crisis, bank run, banking crisis, basic income, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, bitcoin, blockchain, Bonfire of the Vanities, business cycle, capital asset pricing model, carbon footprint, Carmen Reinhart, central bank independence, centre right, Climategate, cognitive dissonance, cryptocurrency, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, different worldview, Donald Trump, Edward Glaeser, employer provided health coverage, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, Fall of the Berlin Wall, fiat currency, financial deregulation, financial innovation, financial repression, frictionless, frictionless market, fudge factor, full employment, Growth in a Time of Debt, hiring and firing, illegal immigration, income inequality, index fund, indoor plumbing, invisible hand, job automation, John Snow's cholera map, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Rogoff, knowledge worker, labor-force participation, large denomination, liquidity trap, London Whale, market bubble, market clearing, market fundamentalism, means of production, New Urbanism, obamacare, oil shock, open borders, Paul Samuelson, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, price stability, quantitative easing, road to serfdom, Robert Gordon, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Reagan, secular stagnation, The Chicago School, The Great Moderation, the map is not the territory, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade liberalization, transaction costs, universal basic income, very high income, working-age population

This meant that there was no room in the prevailing models for such things as bubbles and banking-system collapse. The fact that such things continued to happen in the real world—there was a terrible financial and macroeconomic crisis in much of Asia in 1997–1998 and a depression-level slump in Argentina in 2002—wasn’t reflected in the mainstream of New Keynesian thinking. Even so, you might have thought that the differing worldviews of freshwater and saltwater economists would have put them constantly at loggerheads over economic policy. Somewhat surprisingly, however, between around 1985 and 2007 the disputes between freshwater and saltwater economists were mainly about theory, not action. The reason, I believe, is that New Keynesians, unlike the original Keynesians, didn’t think fiscal policy—changes in government spending or taxes—was needed to fight recessions.

pages: 463 words: 115,103

Head, Hand, Heart: Why Intelligence Is Over-Rewarded, Manual Workers Matter, and Caregivers Deserve More Respect by David Goodhart

active measures, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, assortative mating, basic income, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, big-box store, Boris Johnson, Branko Milanovic, British Empire, call centre, Cass Sunstein, central bank independence, centre right, computer age, corporate social responsibility, COVID-19, Covid-19, David Attenborough, David Brooks, deglobalization, deindustrialization, delayed gratification, desegregation, deskilling, different worldview, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, Etonian, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Flynn Effect, Frederick Winslow Taylor, future of work, gender pay gap, gig economy, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, income inequality, James Hargreaves, James Watt: steam engine, Jeff Bezos, job automation, job satisfaction, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, labour market flexibility, longitudinal study, low skilled workers, Mark Zuckerberg, mass immigration, new economy, Nicholas Carr, oil shock, pattern recognition, Peter Thiel, pink-collar, post-industrial society, post-materialism, postindustrial economy, precariat, reshoring, Richard Florida, Scientific racism, Skype, social intelligence, spinning jenny, Steven Pinker, superintelligent machines, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Rise and Fall of American Growth, Thorstein Veblen, twin studies, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, universal basic income, upwardly mobile, wages for housework, winner-take-all economy, women in the workforce, young professional

Had this prevented me from paying attention to the other things that matter: close friendships, meaningful conversations with my children, an absorbing hobby, volunteering in my community, making more effort to see myself as others see me? At the same time that I was thrown off balance emotionally, I happened to be reading Iain McGilchrist’s remarkable book The Master and His Emissary: The Divided Brain and the Making of the Western World, about the radically different worldviews of the left and right brain hemispheres.2 “The hidden story of Western culture, as told by the author, is about how the abstract, instrumental, articulate, and assured left hemisphere has gradually usurped the more contextual, humane, systemic, holistic but relatively tentative and inarticulate right hemisphere,” as the philosopher Jonathan Rowson sums it up.3 We live in a left-brain, Head world.

pages: 389 words: 112,319

Think Like a Rocket Scientist by Ozan Varol

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, airport security, Albert Einstein, Amazon Web Services, Andrew Wiles, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, Arthur Eddington, autonomous vehicles, Ben Horowitz, Cal Newport, Clayton Christensen, cloud computing, Colonization of Mars, dark matter, delayed gratification, different worldview, discovery of DNA, double helix, Elon Musk, fear of failure, functional fixedness, Gary Taubes, George Santayana, Google Glasses, Google X / Alphabet X, Inbox Zero, index fund, Isaac Newton, James Dyson, Jeff Bezos, job satisfaction, Johannes Kepler, Kickstarter, knowledge worker, late fees, lateral thinking, lone genius, longitudinal study, Louis Pasteur, low earth orbit, Marc Andreessen, Mars Rover, meta analysis, meta-analysis, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, multiplanetary species, obamacare, Occam's razor, out of africa, Peter Thiel, Pluto: dwarf planet, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman: Challenger O-ring, Ronald Reagan, Sam Altman, Schrödinger's Cat, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Simon Singh, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Thomas Malthus, Upton Sinclair, Vilfredo Pareto, We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters, Whole Earth Catalog, women in the workforce, Yogi Berra

We’re constrained not only by what we’ve done in the past, but also by what others have done as well. They’re Doing It This Way We’re genetically programmed to follow the herd. Thousands of years ago, conformity to our tribe was essential to our survival. If we didn’t conform, we would be ostracized, rejected, or, worse, left for dead. In the modern world, most of us yearn to stand out from the herd. We believe we have distinct tastes and a different worldview than does the general population. We might admit interest in other people’s choices, but we would argue that our decisions are our own. The research shows otherwise. In one representative study, participants were quizzed about a documentary they watched: “How many policemen were there when the woman got arrested? What was the color of her dress?”9 They took the test on their own and didn’t see the other participants’ responses.

The Economics Anti-Textbook: A Critical Thinker's Guide to Microeconomics by Rod Hill, Anthony Myatt

American ideology, Andrei Shleifer, Asian financial crisis, bank run, barriers to entry, Bernie Madoff, business cycle, cognitive dissonance, collateralized debt obligation, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, different worldview, endogenous growth, equal pay for equal work, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, experimental economics, failed state, financial innovation, full employment, gender pay gap, Gini coefficient, Gunnar Myrdal, happiness index / gross national happiness, Home mortgage interest deduction, Howard Zinn, income inequality, indoor plumbing, information asymmetry, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Arrow, liberal capitalism, low skilled workers, market bubble, market clearing, market fundamentalism, Martin Wolf, medical malpractice, minimum wage unemployment, moral hazard, Pareto efficiency, Paul Samuelson, Peter Singer: altruism, positional goods, prediction markets, price discrimination, principal–agent problem, profit maximization, profit motive, publication bias, purchasing power parity, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, random walk, rent control, rent-seeking, Richard Thaler, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, The Myth of the Rational Market, the payments system, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thorstein Veblen, ultimatum game, union organizing, working-age population, World Values Survey, Yogi Berra

As Prasch (2008: 8) observes: ‘[A] rudimentary knowledge of the principles of property and contract 249 11  |  Conclusion existing distribution and exercise of power. Similarly, the lack of attention paid to the distribution of income among households and to its equity serves to legitimize existing inequalities. If these issues merit only a few pages towards the end of a large textbook, how can they be that important? The same ideological position is not present in all economic paradigms. Different paradigms contain different world-views. But textbooks don’t bother teaching students about how the paradigms reflect world-views, nor do they bother teaching students anything other than one world-view that comes out of the dominant neoclassical paradigm. Indeed, ‘economics’ has come to be synonymous with the economics of a particular view of capitalism. It wasn’t always this way. At one time, economic textbooks routinely contained chapters on alternative economic systems, on the evolution of economic doctrines, and the advantages and disadvantages of the corporate form.3 In dropping these subjects, perhaps mainstream textbooks have been ‘dumbed down’.

pages: 598 words: 140,612

Triumph of the City: How Our Greatest Invention Makes Us Richer, Smarter, Greener, Healthier, and Happier by Edward L. Glaeser

affirmative action, Andrei Shleifer, Berlin Wall, British Empire, Broken windows theory, carbon footprint, Celebration, Florida, clean water, congestion charging, declining real wages, desegregation, different worldview, diversified portfolio, Edward Glaeser, endowment effect, European colonialism, financial innovation, Frank Gehry, global village, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute cuisine, Home mortgage interest deduction, James Watt: steam engine, Jane Jacobs, job-hopping, John Snow's cholera map, Mahatma Gandhi, McMansion, megacity, mortgage debt, mortgage tax deduction, New Urbanism, place-making, Ponzi scheme, Potemkin village, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rent control, RFID, Richard Florida, Rosa Parks, school vouchers, Seaside, Florida, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, Steven Pinker, strikebreaker, Thales and the olive presses, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the new new thing, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, William Shockley: the traitorous eight, Works Progress Administration, young professional

Two Green Visions: The Prince and the Mayor Environmentalism is hardly a tidy, well-ordered movement. In the United States, it includes the bird watchers of the Audubon Society and the activists of Greenpeace, the hikers of the Appalachian Trail and the drivers of Toyota hybrids. In Europe, the movement is even more successful and even broader. Any movement that diverse and that successful will inevitably attract individuals with wildly different worldviews, such as His Royal Highness, the Prince of Wales, and “Red” Ken Livingstone, the erstwhile Labour Party politician, who led London, first as head of the Greater London Council between 1981 and 1986 and then as London’s first citywide mayor from 2000 to 2008. Livingstone has said that “climate change caused by CO2 emissions” is “the single biggest problem facing humanity”; Prince Charles has declared climate change to be the “greatest threat to mankind.”

pages: 545 words: 137,789

How Markets Fail: The Logic of Economic Calamities by John Cassidy

"Robert Solow", Albert Einstein, Andrei Shleifer, anti-communist, asset allocation, asset-backed security, availability heuristic, bank run, banking crisis, Benoit Mandelbrot, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, Black-Scholes formula, Blythe Masters, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business cycle, capital asset pricing model, centralized clearinghouse, collateralized debt obligation, Columbine, conceptual framework, Corn Laws, corporate raider, correlation coefficient, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, crony capitalism, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, debt deflation, different worldview, diversification, Elliott wave, Eugene Fama: efficient market hypothesis, financial deregulation, financial innovation, Financial Instability Hypothesis, financial intermediation, full employment, George Akerlof, global supply chain, Gunnar Myrdal, Haight Ashbury, hiring and firing, Hyman Minsky, income per capita, incomplete markets, index fund, information asymmetry, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, John Nash: game theory, John von Neumann, Joseph Schumpeter, Kenneth Arrow, Kickstarter, laissez-faire capitalism, Landlord’s Game, liquidity trap, London Interbank Offered Rate, Long Term Capital Management, Louis Bachelier, mandelbrot fractal, margin call, market bubble, market clearing, mental accounting, Mikhail Gorbachev, money market fund, Mont Pelerin Society, moral hazard, mortgage debt, Myron Scholes, Naomi Klein, negative equity, Network effects, Nick Leeson, Northern Rock, paradox of thrift, Pareto efficiency, Paul Samuelson, Ponzi scheme, price discrimination, price stability, principal–agent problem, profit maximization, quantitative trading / quantitative finance, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, random walk, Renaissance Technologies, rent control, Richard Thaler, risk tolerance, risk-adjusted returns, road to serfdom, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, short selling, Silicon Valley, South Sea Bubble, sovereign wealth fund, statistical model, technology bubble, The Chicago School, The Great Moderation, The Market for Lemons, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, transaction costs, unorthodox policies, value at risk, Vanguard fund, Vilfredo Pareto, wealth creators, zero-sum game

There was little in what Minsky wrote that Volcker would have disagreed with. During his time as Fed chairman, the early years of which were largely taken up with fighting inflation, “Tall Paul”—he is six foot seven—consistently opposed efforts by the White House and Congress to weaken financial regulations. But in 1987, Volcker retired from the Fed and was succeeded by a fellow New Yorker who had a very different worldview. PART THREE THE GREAT CRUNCH 17. GREENSPAN SHRUGS Speculative bubbles present an extreme case of the financially driven boom and bust cycles that Minsky identified. Citing his influence, the late economic historian Charles P. Kindleberger, who taught at MIT for many years, divided the evolution of a typical bubble into five stages: displacement, boom, euphoria, peak, and bust.

pages: 692 words: 127,032

Fool Me Twice: Fighting the Assault on Science in America by Shawn Lawrence Otto

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, anthropic principle, Berlin Wall, Brownian motion, carbon footprint, Cepheid variable, clean water, Climategate, Climatic Research Unit, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, commoditize, cosmological constant, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, Dean Kamen, desegregation, different worldview, double helix, energy security, Exxon Valdez, fudge factor, ghettoisation, global pandemic, Harlow Shapley and Heber Curtis, Harvard Computers: women astronomers, informal economy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Louis Pasteur, mutually assured destruction, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, shareholder value, sharing economy, smart grid, Solar eclipse in 1919, stem cell, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, transaction costs, University of East Anglia, War on Poverty, white flight, Winter of Discontent, working poor, yellow journalism, zero-sum game

The “inquisition tyrannies” of the church’s crackdown in response to Galileo had “dampened the glory of Italian wits; that nothing had been there written, now these many years, but flattery and fustian.”10 By the end of the seventeenth century, as Anglican clergy in London were preaching Newton’s science, Italian scientists were standing trial in Naples for stating “that there had been men before Adam composed of atoms equal to those of other animals.”11 THE DNA OF WESTERN THOUGHT Each arm of this double helix of Western Christianity—Roman Catholicism and the emerging Protestantism—embodied the two distinctly different worldviews of the authoritarian and the antiauthori-tarian: that rules and methods were either proscribed from on high or built up by individuals in consensus. These two views had always been present, but they were greatly amplified in 1517, when Martin Luther posted his Ninety-Five Theses* challenging church authorities to debate principles that seemed defensible only by virtue of the church’s authority over its subjects.

pages: 436 words: 141,321

Reinventing Organizations: A Guide to Creating Organizations Inspired by the Next Stage of Human Consciousness by Frederic Laloux, Ken Wilber

Albert Einstein, augmented reality, blue-collar work, Buckminster Fuller, call centre, carbon footprint, conceptual framework, corporate social responsibility, crowdsourcing, different worldview, failed state, future of work, hiring and firing, index card, interchangeable parts, invisible hand, job satisfaction, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Kenneth Rogoff, meta analysis, meta-analysis, pattern recognition, post-industrial society, quantitative trading / quantitative finance, randomized controlled trial, selection bias, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, the market place, the scientific method, Tony Hsieh, zero-sum game

There is a template ready to be copied, emulated, and improved upon by people called to help more soulful, fulfilling organizations come about. — Part 2 — The Structures, Practices, and Cultures of Teal Organizations Chapter 2.1 THREE BREAKTHROUGHS AND A METAPHOR Nothing is as powerful as an idea whose time has come. Victor Hugo Up to this point in history, humanity has experienced four ways to collaborate in organizational settings, based on four very different worldviews: Impulsive-Red, Conformist-Amber, Achievement-Orange, and Pluralistic-Green. Each of these organizational models has brought about major breakthroughs, and allowed us to tackle more complex problems and achieve results of unprecedented scale. As more people engage with the world from an Evolutionary-Teal perspective, it’s fair to assume that more Teal Organizations will start to arise. What breakthroughs will they bring about?

pages: 470 words: 130,269

The Marginal Revolutionaries: How Austrian Economists Fought the War of Ideas by Janek Wasserman

Albert Einstein, American Legislative Exchange Council, anti-communist, battle of ideas, Berlin Wall, Bretton Woods, business cycle, collective bargaining, Corn Laws, correlation does not imply causation, creative destruction, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, different worldview, Donald Trump, experimental economics, Fall of the Berlin Wall, floating exchange rates, Fractional reserve banking, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, full employment, Gunnar Myrdal, housing crisis, Internet Archive, invisible hand, John von Neumann, Joseph Schumpeter, laissez-faire capitalism, liberal capitalism, market fundamentalism, mass immigration, means of production, Menlo Park, Mont Pelerin Society, New Journalism, New Urbanism, old-boy network, Paul Samuelson, Philip Mirowski, price mechanism, price stability, RAND corporation, random walk, rent control, road to serfdom, Robert Bork, rolodex, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, The Chicago School, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Thomas Malthus, trade liberalization, union organizing, urban planning, Vilfredo Pareto, Washington Consensus, zero-sum game, éminence grise

Hayek dismissed Keynes’s macroeconomic policy prescriptions by disparaging Keynes’s theoretical system and economic acumen. Keynes, who had been working with the Liberal Lloyd George on a massive public employment scheme, could not countenance this perceived assault. Keynes covered his copy of Hayek’s review in annotations before firing off an ill-tempered rejoinder to Economica.28 Keynes saw their disagreement as a product of different worldviews more than one of economic theory. The divergence centered on their respective interpretations of the economic crisis. According to Keynes, Hayek believed that disequilibrium between savings and investment could be avoided if the quantity of money remained neutral. It was best to allow the economy to work through its fluctuations without any interference. There was nothing that guaranteed that savings and investment would balance, Keynes asserted to the contrary.

A Paradise Built in Hell: Extraordinary Communities That Arise in Disaster by Rebecca Solnit

Berlin Wall, Burning Man, centre right, Community Supported Agriculture, David Graeber, different worldview, dumpster diving, Golden Gate Park, illegal immigration, Loma Prieta earthquake, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, race to the bottom, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rent control, South of Market, San Francisco, Thomas Malthus, Upton Sinclair, urban planning, War on Poverty, yellow journalism

Subsequent researchers have combed the evidence as meticulously—in one case examining the behavior of two thousand people in more than nine hundred fires—and concluded that the behavior was mostly rational, sometimes altruistic, and never about the beast within when the thin veneer of civilization is peeled off. Except in the movies and the popular imagination. And in the media. And in some remaining disaster plans. A different worldview could emerge from this. Heroes are necessary because the rest of us are awful—selfish or malicious or boiling over with emotion and utterly unclear on what to do or too frightened to do it. Our awfulness requires and produces their won derfulness, a dull, drab background against which they shine. Or so it goes in the movies. They themselves need heroes. It’s almost a technical challenge: you need close-ups, you need story lines, individuals to follow, a star to attract audiences—even the ensemble disaster movies have multiple heroes who assume leadership, like Towering Inferno’s Paul Newman and Steve McQueen.

pages: 526 words: 155,174

Sixty Days and Counting by Kim Stanley Robinson

different worldview, dumpster diving, energy security, full employment, Golden Gate Park, hiring and firing, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), McMansion, megacity, mutually assured destruction, off grid, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RFID, Richard Feynman, Saturday Night Live, urban decay, Works Progress Administration

This meeting with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a UN organization, might be a good venue for exerting some pressure. The IPCC had spent many years advocating action on the climate front, and all the while they had been flatly ignored by the World Bank. If there was now a face-off, a great reckoning in a little room, then it could get interesting. But the meeting, held across the street in the World Bank’s headquarters, was a disappointment. These two groups came from such different world-views that it was only an illusion they were speaking the same language; for the most part they used different vocabularies, and when by chance they used the same words, they meant different things by them. They were aware at some level of this underlying conflict, but could not address it; and so everyone was tense, with old grievances unsayable and yet fully present. The World Bank guys said something about nothing getting cheaper than oil for the next fifty years, ignoring what the IPCC guys had just finished saying about the devastating effects fifty more years of oil burning would have.

pages: 537 words: 158,544

Second World: Empires and Influence in the New Global Order by Parag Khanna

"Robert Solow", Admiral Zheng, affirmative action, anti-communist, Asian financial crisis, Bartolomé de las Casas, Branko Milanovic, British Empire, call centre, capital controls, central bank independence, cognitive dissonance, colonial rule, complexity theory, continuation of politics by other means, crony capitalism, Deng Xiaoping, different worldview, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Donald Trump, Edward Glaeser, energy security, European colonialism, facts on the ground, failed state, flex fuel, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, Gini coefficient, global reserve currency, global supply chain, haute couture, Hernando de Soto, illegal immigration, income inequality, informal economy, invisible hand, Islamic Golden Age, Khyber Pass, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, land reform, low cost airline, low skilled workers, mass immigration, means of production, megacity, Monroe Doctrine, Nelson Mandela, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, open borders, open economy, Parag Khanna, Pax Mongolica, Pearl River Delta, pirate software, Plutonomy: Buying Luxury, Explaining Global Imbalances, Potemkin village, price stability, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, reserve currency, rising living standards, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Skype, South China Sea, special economic zone, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Thomas L Friedman, trade route, trickle-down economics, uranium enrichment, urban renewal, Washington Consensus, women in the workforce

Almost a century ago, World War I was triggered by false assumptions and misunderstandings among European powers that had much in common: history, culture, geographic space, economic ties, and (for the most part) liberal political tradition. Today, the United States, the EU, and China have very little of this going for them. They do not have culture in common, nor do they share the same geographic space, nor are they all democratic. What, if anything, can prevent World War III in a world of superpowers with such drastically different worldviews, motivations, and forms of power at their disposal? If the twentieth century was what Isaiah Berlin called “the most terrible century in western history,” what will make the twenty-first century any different? Today only one force has emerged that could grind the cyclical wheels of global conflict to a halt: globalization.21 Like geopolitics, globalization has become the world system itself.

pages: 525 words: 153,356

The People: The Rise and Fall of the Working Class, 1910-2010 by Selina Todd

call centre, collective bargaining, conceptual framework, credit crunch, deindustrialization, deskilling, different worldview, Downton Abbey, financial independence, full employment, income inequality, longitudinal study, manufacturing employment, Neil Kinnock, New Urbanism, Red Clydeside, rent control, Right to Buy, rising living standards, sexual politics, strikebreaker, The Spirit Level, unemployed young men, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban renewal, Winter of Discontent, women in the workforce, young professional

In fighting for a living wage, they and others like them also ensured that a generation of working-class people had the money to buy the new wirelesses, cosmetics, clothes and foodstuffs that they made each day on the production lines. Most importantly, in an age when political ‘common sense’ presented the ballot box as the agent of change, strikers as dangerous militants or fecklessly frivolous, and an ever faster assembly line as the only route out of economic depression, these workers offered a different worldview. The Bedaux system symbolized a new form of factory production, a new approach to work that these workers opposed. They suggested that there were some things more important than speed, productivity and profit. Asked by the Leicester Evening Mail to justify her opposition to the Bedaux system, one young Wolsey worker said simply, ‘It is inhuman.’12 As the 1930s wore on, similar disputes erupted in other industries.

pages: 618 words: 160,006

Seapower States: Maritime Culture, Continental Empires and the Conflict That Made the Modern World by Andrew Lambert

British Empire, different worldview, Donald Trump, joint-stock company, Malacca Straits, megacity, Mikhail Gorbachev, open economy, rising living standards, South China Sea, spice trade, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, UNCLOS

Nowhere was this process more significant than in the new seapowers, as they faced new versions of Roman imperium, be it Ottoman Turkey, Habsburg Spain, Bourbon France or Petrine Russia, while the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Empire brought the whole process full circle – as the self-styled new Rome consciously set out to annihilate the modern Carthage. While the wars between Rome and Carthage are often represented as a contest for dominion over the known world, in reality the two states fought for very different worldviews. The Romans sought more land, wealth, power and control. By contrast, seapower Carthage sought a stable, balanced world in which it could secure trade routes and profit from an expanding Mediterranean economy. When the Roman command economy threatened their ‘informal empire’ of trade, the Carthaginians were prepared to resist, despite the obvious disparity of means and methods. If the First Punic War was about naval bases and resources, the Second was an attempt to restrain Rome within a multi-polar state system, harnessing the power of the Hellenistic East and the smaller Italian states to balance the military colossus.

pages: 530 words: 154,505

Bibi: The Turbulent Life and Times of Benjamin Netanyahu by Anshel Pfeffer

Ayatollah Khomeini, British Empire, centre right, different worldview, Donald Trump, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, full employment, high net worth, illegal immigration, Mikhail Gorbachev, Occupy movement, offshore financial centre, pre–internet, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Stuxnet, Thomas L Friedman, uranium enrichment, Yom Kippur War

How can we demand our soldiers endanger their lives, attacking the murderers working to destroy us, if we ourselves squander their sacrifice?”8 Did he think he was untouchable? Or was Netanyahu prepared to be fired in the hope that it would create the ideal circumstances for his entrance to politics? As it turned out, he got off with a light reprimand. Under the Labor-Likud national unity government, Israeli foreign policy was run simultaneously by two leaders with very different worldviews. The result was four years of diplomatic paralysis as Shamir vetoed any effort by Peres to launch new peace initiatives. For opportunist diplomats stationed abroad, it meant a large degree of freedom. In October 1986, “the rotation” took place. Shamir returned to the prime minister’s office, and Peres became foreign minister. Two years earlier, Peres had supported Bibi’s appointment. By now he had little doubt that he was dealing with a Likudnik who ignored directives to tone down his rhetoric toward the Arabs.

pages: 548 words: 147,919

How Everything Became War and the Military Became Everything: Tales From the Pentagon by Rosa Brooks

airport security, Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, big-box store, clean water, cognitive dissonance, continuation of politics by other means, different worldview, disruptive innovation, drone strike, Edward Snowden, facts on the ground, failed state, illegal immigration, Internet Archive, John Markoff, Mark Zuckerberg, moral panic, pattern recognition, Peace of Westphalia, personalized medicine, RAND corporation, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, Turing test, unemployed young men, Valery Gerasimov, Wall-E, War on Poverty, WikiLeaks

In a recent study of Army personnel, for instance, Jason Dempsey, an Army lieutenant colonel and veteran of West Point’s social science faculty, found that “on the whole, military opinions tend to parallel civilian opinions.” Older officers tended to be more conservative than younger officers and enlisted personnel, but political labels turned out to be poor predictors of views on particular issues. Overall, Dempsey concluded, “the idea that service members have a distinctly different worldview. . . [that is] conservative and dramatically out of step with the rest of society—is a myth that must be constantly debunked.”11 Geographically, the South, Southwest, and the mountain states are overrepresented within the military, while Northeastern states are underrepresented, relative to their overall populations.12 But while this is often assumed to be a product of regional ideology—with “red” states being more “pro-military” than “blue” states—here too the reality is more complex.

pages: 470 words: 148,444

The World as It Is: A Memoir of the Obama White House by Ben Rhodes

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, agricultural Revolution, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Boris Johnson, British Empire, centre right, cuban missile crisis, David Brooks, demand response, different worldview, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Donald Trump, drone strike, Edward Snowden, eurozone crisis, F. W. de Klerk, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Ferguson, Missouri, illegal immigration, intangible asset, Mahatma Gandhi, Mohammed Bouazizi, Nelson Mandela, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Silicon Valley, Skype, South China Sea, trickle-down economics, uranium enrichment, WikiLeaks

We both think of ourselves as outsiders, even when we were in the White House. We’re both stubborn—a trait that allows us to take risks but can tip into arrogance. We both act as if we don’t care what other people think about us, but we do. Yet these similarities form only a small part of a broader picture—a reality in which I was a junior partner who worked hard to understand what my boss wanted to say and do in the world. Barack Obama came to office with a different worldview from those of his predecessors and the type of (largely white male) people who serve in elevated national security positions—one that encompasses the complexities of U.S. foreign policy. He was born in Hawaii, a former U.S. colony that hosts America’s Pacific fleet, nurtures a diverse citizenry, and serves as a bridge between the Americanized Pacific and East Asia. His grandfather served in Europe during World War II, and his great-uncle helped liberate the concentration camp at Buchenwald.

pages: 648 words: 170,770

Leviathan Wakes by James S. A. Corey

different worldview, gravity well, Kuiper Belt, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, pattern recognition

But half of the story was a detective story, and as soon as Detective Miller hit the page, he told me in a loud voice that he was a classic noir character. It was in his voice and the way he talked about things, you know? As for the horror feel, that’s just the way I roll. I’ve never written anything in my life that didn’t at least blur the line into horror. If I wrote greeting cards, they’d probably have a squick factor. Leviathan Wakes has two protagonists with very different worldviews, which are often in conflict. Can you describe those views and why you chose that particular conflict? You know how they say science fiction is about the future you’re writing about, but it’s also about the time you’re writing in? Holden and Miller have got two different views on the ethical use of information. That’s very much a current argument. Holden’s my holy fool. He’s an idealist, a man who faces things with this very optimistic view of humanity.

pages: 574 words: 164,509

Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies by Nick Bostrom

agricultural Revolution, AI winter, Albert Einstein, algorithmic trading, anthropic principle, anti-communist, artificial general intelligence, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, Bayesian statistics, bioinformatics, brain emulation, cloud computing, combinatorial explosion, computer vision, cosmological constant, dark matter, DARPA: Urban Challenge, data acquisition, delayed gratification, demographic transition, different worldview, Donald Knuth, Douglas Hofstadter, Drosophila, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, endogenous growth, epigenetics, fear of failure, Flash crash, Flynn Effect, friendly AI, Gödel, Escher, Bach, income inequality, industrial robot, informal economy, information retrieval, interchangeable parts, iterative process, job automation, John Markoff, John von Neumann, knowledge worker, longitudinal study, Menlo Park, meta analysis, meta-analysis, mutually assured destruction, Nash equilibrium, Netflix Prize, new economy, Norbert Wiener, NP-complete, nuclear winter, optical character recognition, pattern recognition, performance metric, phenotype, prediction markets, price stability, principal–agent problem, race to the bottom, random walk, Ray Kurzweil, recommendation engine, reversible computing, social graph, speech recognition, Stanislav Petrov, statistical model, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, strong AI, superintelligent machines, supervolcano, technological singularity, technoutopianism, The Coming Technological Singularity, The Nature of the Firm, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, transaction costs, Turing machine, Vernor Vinge, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, World Values Survey, zero-sum game

CEV is meant to be capable of commanding wide support. This is not just because it allocates influence equitably. There is also a deeper ground for the irenic potential of CEV, namely that it enables many different groups to hope that their preferred vision of the future will prevail totally. Imagine a member of the Afghan Taliban debating with a member of the Swedish Humanist Association. The two have very different worldviews, and what is a utopia for one might be a dystopia for the other. Nor might either be thrilled by any compromise position, such as permitting girls to receive an education but only up to ninth grade, or permitting Swedish girls to be educated but Afghan girls not. However, both the Taliban and the Humanist might be able to endorse the principle that the future should be determined by humanity’s CEV.

pages: 600 words: 174,620

The Body Keeps the Score: Brain, Mind, and Body in the Healing of Trauma by Bessel van Der Kolk M. D.

anesthesia awareness, British Empire, conceptual framework, deskilling, different worldview, en.wikipedia.org, epigenetics, false memory syndrome, feminist movement, impulse control, longitudinal study, Louis Pasteur, meta analysis, meta-analysis, microbiome, Nelson Mandela, phenotype, placebo effect, profit motive, randomized controlled trial, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), social intelligence, theory of mind, Yogi Berra

In this light the bizarre behavior of the kids at the children’s clinic made perfect sense.2 To my amazement, staff discussions on the unit rarely mentioned the horrific real-life experiences of the children and the impact of those traumas on their feelings, thinking, and self-regulation. Instead, their medical records were filled with diagnostic labels: “conduct disorder” or “oppositional defiant disorder” for the angry and rebellious kids; or “bipolar disorder.” ADHD was a “comorbid” diagnosis for almost all. Was the underlying trauma being obscured by this blizzard of diagnoses? Now we faced two big challenges. One was to learn whether the different worldview of normal children could account for their resilience and, on a deeper level, how each child actually creates her map of the world. The other, equally crucial, question was: Is it possible to help the minds and brains of brutalized children to redraw their inner maps and incorporate a sense of trust and confidence in the future? MEN WITHOUT MOTHERS The scientific study of the vital relationship between infants and their mothers was started by upper-class Englishmen who were torn from their families as young boys to be sent off to boarding schools, where they were raised in regimented same-sex settings.

pages: 586 words: 160,321

The Euro and the Battle of Ideas by Markus K. Brunnermeier, Harold James, Jean-Pierre Landau

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, asset-backed security, bank run, banking crisis, battle of ideas, Ben Bernanke: helicopter money, Berlin Wall, Bretton Woods, business cycle, capital controls, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Celtic Tiger, central bank independence, centre right, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collective bargaining, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, currency peg, debt deflation, Deng Xiaoping, different worldview, diversification, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, en.wikipedia.org, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial deregulation, financial repression, fixed income, Flash crash, floating exchange rates, full employment, German hyperinflation, global reserve currency, income inequality, inflation targeting, information asymmetry, Irish property bubble, Jean Tirole, Kenneth Rogoff, Martin Wolf, mittelstand, money market fund, Mont Pelerin Society, moral hazard, negative equity, Neil Kinnock, new economy, Northern Rock, obamacare, offshore financial centre, open economy, paradox of thrift, pension reform, price stability, principal–agent problem, quantitative easing, race to the bottom, random walk, regulatory arbitrage, rent-seeking, reserve currency, road to serfdom, secular stagnation, short selling, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, special drawing rights, the payments system, too big to fail, union organizing, unorthodox policies, Washington Consensus, WikiLeaks, yield curve

Since the 1990s, it had begun to emphasize more and more the idea of “ownership”: reforms do not work unless they are carried by a deep political consensus. But the Europeans’ idea in calling in the Fund was precisely to find a substitute for the lacking consensus about economic reform. As an international economic policy think tank (as well as a funding organization), it was inevitable that the IMF was a principal forum in which the disagreements between the different worldviews would be fought out. It had always had a strong orientation toward Europe and a particularly close relationship with French policy making. Meanwhile, Germans often complained that the structure and training of their civil service made it difficult to get high-level representation in international institutions, including the IMF. Since the IMF was created at the International Monetary Conference of the United Nations in 1944, held in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, there have been eleven managing directors (heads of the IMF), all of them European.

Blueprint: The Evolutionary Origins of a Good Society by Nicholas A. Christakis

agricultural Revolution, Alfred Russel Wallace, Amazon Mechanical Turk, assortative mating, Cass Sunstein, crowdsourcing, David Attenborough, different worldview, disruptive innovation, double helix, epigenetics, experimental economics, experimental subject, invention of agriculture, invention of gunpowder, invention of writing, iterative process, job satisfaction, Joi Ito, joint-stock company, land tenure, Laplace demon, longitudinal study, Mahatma Gandhi, Marc Andreessen, means of production, mental accounting, meta analysis, meta-analysis, microbiome, out of africa, phenotype, Pierre-Simon Laplace, placebo effect, race to the bottom, Ralph Waldo Emerson, replication crisis, Rubik’s Cube, Silicon Valley, social intelligence, social web, stem cell, Steven Pinker, the scientific method, theory of mind, twin studies, ultimatum game, zero-sum game

The positivist stance that social phenomena are scientifically intelligible was first advanced in modern times in the middle of the nineteenth century by philosopher Auguste Comte.30 Around the same time, Émile Durkheim, one of the founders of sociology, was also making the case for positivism.31 His approach to social phenomena stressed that they were, after all, a part of the natural world and so could be approached via a scientific method stressing objectivity and rationality. But the debate about how to understand social life has ancient roots and can be traced at least as far back as Plato, who analyzed the differing worldviews of poetry and philosophy (which was at the time an approximation of science).32 Echoes of this debate are still heard today in the endless dialogue between the humanities and the sciences regarding how the world may best be comprehended. Some thinkers argue that the internal states of humans cannot be examined scientifically at all and must instead be understood nonscientifically via intuitive, interpretative, or even religious methods.

pages: 649 words: 185,618

The Zionist Ideas: Visions for the Jewish Homeland—Then, Now, Tomorrow by Gil Troy

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, demand response, different worldview, European colonialism, financial independence, ghettoisation, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, Nelson Mandela, one-state solution, Silicon Valley, union organizing, urban planning, Yom Kippur War, young professional, zero-sum game

Here, in the State of Israel, the Land of Israel achieves its full significance. The Israeli nation must live a full moral life within a political framework. Through the State of Israel, we have the ability to serve as a model that will instill a new consciousness within the nations of the world that will help humanity resolve most of the major spiritual problems of our times. The central conflict today is the clash between different worldviews. This is the root of the controversy between Islam and the West: modernization versus tradition; the individual versus the community; science versus religion and the moral relativism of the Western world versus the totalitarian beliefs of the Islamic world. Israel is at the heart of this storm, both geographically and spiritually. . . . There must be a suitable relationship between the State of Israel and the other nations of the world.

pages: 789 words: 207,744

The Patterning Instinct: A Cultural History of Humanity's Search for Meaning by Jeremy Lent

"Robert Solow", Admiral Zheng, agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, Atahualpa, Benoit Mandelbrot, Bretton Woods, British Empire, Buckminster Fuller, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, cognitive dissonance, commoditize, complexity theory, conceptual framework, dematerialisation, demographic transition, different worldview, Doomsday Book, en.wikipedia.org, European colonialism, failed state, Firefox, Francisco Pizarro, Georg Cantor, happiness index / gross national happiness, hedonic treadmill, income inequality, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet of things, invention of gunpowder, invention of writing, Isaac Newton, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Johannes Kepler, Lao Tzu, Law of Accelerating Returns, mandelbrot fractal, mass immigration, megacity, Metcalfe's law, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nicholas Carr, Norbert Wiener, oil shale / tar sands, out of africa, peak oil, Pierre-Simon Laplace, QWERTY keyboard, Ray Kurzweil, Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, Scientific racism, scientific worldview, shareholder value, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, social intelligence, South China Sea, Stephen Hawking, Steven Pinker, technological singularity, the scientific method, theory of mind, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Thomas Malthus, Thorstein Veblen, Turing test, ultimatum game, urban sprawl, Vernor Vinge, wikimedia commons

An Archaeology of the Mind Each of us conducts our lives according to a set of assumptions about how things work: how our society functions, its relationship with the natural world, what's valuable, and what's possible. This is our worldview, which often remains unquestioned and unstated but is deeply felt and underlies many of the choices we make in our lives. We form our worldview implicitly as we grow up, from our family, friends, and culture, and, once it's set, we're barely aware of it unless we're presented with a different worldview for comparison. The unconscious origin of our worldview makes it quite inflexible. That's fine when it's working for us. But suppose our worldview is causing us to act collectively in ways that could undermine humanity's future? Then it would be valuable to become more conscious of it.2 We can think of a society's worldview like a building that's been constructed layer by layer over older constructions put together by generations past.

The Code: Silicon Valley and the Remaking of America by Margaret O'Mara

"side hustle", A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, accounting loophole / creative accounting, affirmative action, Airbnb, AltaVista, Amazon Web Services, Apple II, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, autonomous vehicles, back-to-the-land, barriers to entry, Ben Horowitz, Berlin Wall, Bob Noyce, Buckminster Fuller, Burning Man, business climate, Byte Shop, California gold rush, carried interest, clean water, cleantech, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, commoditize, computer age, continuous integration, cuban missile crisis, Danny Hillis, DARPA: Urban Challenge, deindustrialization, different worldview, don't be evil, Donald Trump, Doomsday Clock, Douglas Engelbart, Dynabook, Edward Snowden, El Camino Real, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Erik Brynjolfsson, Frank Gehry, George Gilder, gig economy, Googley, Hacker Ethic, high net worth, Hush-A-Phone, immigration reform, income inequality, informal economy, information retrieval, invention of movable type, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, Joan Didion, job automation, job-hopping, John Markoff, Julian Assange, Kitchen Debate, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, market bubble, mass immigration, means of production, mega-rich, Menlo Park, Mikhail Gorbachev, millennium bug, Mitch Kapor, Mother of all demos, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, mutually assured destruction, new economy, Norbert Wiener, old-boy network, pattern recognition, Paul Graham, Paul Terrell, paypal mafia, Peter Thiel, pets.com, pirate software, popular electronics, pre–internet, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, Richard Florida, ride hailing / ride sharing, risk tolerance, Robert Metcalfe, Ronald Reagan, Sand Hill Road, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, shareholder value, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Silicon Valley startup, skunkworks, Snapchat, social graph, software is eating the world, speech recognition, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, supercomputer in your pocket, technoutopianism, Ted Nelson, the market place, the new new thing, There's no reason for any individual to have a computer in his home - Ken Olsen, Thomas L Friedman, Tim Cook: Apple, transcontinental railway, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, Unsafe at Any Speed, upwardly mobile, Vannevar Bush, War on Poverty, We wanted flying cars, instead we got 140 characters, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks, William Shockley: the traitorous eight, Y Combinator, Y2K

Like college students across the nation, many Berkeley students had traveled south that year to participate in Freedom Summer, returning energized for a fresh round of activism. UC administrators squelched that nearly immediately, banning on-campus demonstrations and other political activity. The students responded with a season of mass protest that became a proxy for a broader struggle emerging between two generations with starkly different worldviews. Berkeley, jewel in the Californian crown of public higher education, was even more enmeshed in federal defense research programs than its southern Bay Area neighbor, Stanford. A Cold War university par excellence, it was the host institution to a major federal research laboratory and home to the chief architects of the weapons of thermonuclear war. Students who came to its campus in the early 1960s found a place humming with top secret research labs and blinking mainframes, leaving many undergraduates feeling like unhappy cogs in a modern technocratic machine.

pages: 829 words: 229,566

This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. The Climate by Naomi Klein

1960s counterculture, activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, battle of ideas, Berlin Wall, big-box store, bilateral investment treaty, British Empire, business climate, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, carbon footprint, clean water, Climategate, cognitive dissonance, coherent worldview, colonial rule, Community Supported Agriculture, complexity theory, crony capitalism, decarbonisation, deindustrialization, dematerialisation, different worldview, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, energy security, energy transition, equal pay for equal work, Exxon Valdez, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, feminist movement, financial deregulation, food miles, Food sovereignty, global supply chain, hydraulic fracturing, ice-free Arctic, immigration reform, income per capita, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet Archive, invention of the steam engine, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Jones Act, Kickstarter, light touch regulation, market fundamentalism, moral hazard, Naomi Klein, new economy, Nixon shock, Occupy movement, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, open borders, patent troll, Pearl River Delta, planetary scale, post-oil, profit motive, quantitative easing, race to the bottom, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Rana Plaza, renewable energy transition, Ronald Reagan, smart grid, special economic zone, Stephen Hawking, Stewart Brand, structural adjustment programs, Ted Kaczynski, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, trickle-down economics, Upton Sinclair, uranium enrichment, urban planning, urban sprawl, wages for housework, walkable city, Washington Consensus, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks

And rather than twisting yourself in knots trying to appease a lethal worldview, you set out to deliberately strengthen those values (“egalitarian” and “communitarian” as the cultural cognition studies cited here describe them) that are currently being vindicated, rather than refuted, by the laws of nature. Culture, after all, is fluid. It has changed many times before and can change again. The delegates at the Heartland conference understand this, which is why they are so determined to suppress the mountain of evidence proving that their worldview is a threat to life on earth. The task for the rest of us is to believe, based on that same evidence, that a very different worldview can be our salvation. The Heartlanders understand that culture can shift quickly because they are part of a movement that did just that. “Economics are the method,” Margaret Thatcher said, “the object is to change the heart and soul.” It was a mission largely accomplished. To cite just one example, in 1966, a survey of U.S. college freshmen found that only about 44 percent of them said that making a lot of money was “very important” or “essential.”

pages: 824 words: 268,880

Blue Mars by Kim Stanley Robinson

anthropic principle, cognitive dissonance, Colonization of Mars, dark matter, different worldview, epigenetics, gravity well, James Watt: steam engine, land tenure, new economy, phenotype, stem cell, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith

The regular contributors to the Journal, more or less. As for the rest of the Reds, the Kakaze and the other radicals, what they advocated was a kind of metaphysical position, a cult— they were religious fanatics, the equivalent of Hiroko’s greens, members of some kind of rock-worshiping sect. Ann had very little in common with them, when it came down to it; they formulated their redness from a completely different worldview. And given that there was that kind of fractionization among the Reds themselves, what then could one say about the Martian independence movement as a whole? Well. They were going to fall out. It was happening already. Ann sat down carefully on the edge of the final bench. A good view. It appeared there was a station of some kind down there on the caldera floor, though from five thousand meters up, it was hard to be sure.

pages: 1,261 words: 294,715

Behave: The Biology of Humans at Our Best and Worst by Robert M. Sapolsky

autonomous vehicles, Bernie Madoff, biofilm, blood diamonds, British Empire, Broken windows theory, Brownian motion, car-free, clean water, cognitive dissonance, corporate personhood, corporate social responsibility, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, delayed gratification, desegregation, different worldview, double helix, Drosophila, Edward Snowden, en.wikipedia.org, epigenetics, Flynn Effect, framing effect, fudge factor, George Santayana, global pandemic, hiring and firing, illegal immigration, impulse control, income inequality, John von Neumann, Loma Prieta earthquake, long peace, longitudinal study, loss aversion, Mahatma Gandhi, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Mohammed Bouazizi, Monkeys Reject Unequal Pay, mouse model, mutually assured destruction, Nelson Mandela, Network effects, out of africa, Peter Singer: altruism, phenotype, placebo effect, publication bias, RAND corporation, risk tolerance, Rosa Parks, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), self-driving car, Silicon Valley, social intelligence, Stanford marshmallow experiment, Stanford prison experiment, stem cell, Steven Pinker, strikebreaker, theory of mind, transatlantic slave trade, traveling salesman, trickle-down economics, twin studies, ultimatum game, Walter Mischel, wikimedia commons, zero-sum game

In the time span considered in this chapter, people throughout the Arab world went from being voiceless to toppling tyrants; Rosa Parks went from victim to catalyst, Sadat and Begin from enemies to architects of peace, Mandela from prisoner to statesman. And you’d better bet that changes along the lines of those presented in this chapter occurred in the brains of anyone transformed by these transformations. A different world makes for a different worldview, which means a different brain. And the more tangible and real the neurobiology underlying such change seems, the easier it is to imagine that it can happen again. Six Adolescence; or, Dude, Where’s My Frontal Cortex? This chapter is the first of two focusing on development. We’ve established our rhythm: a behavior has just occurred; what events in the prior seconds, minutes, hours, and so on helped bring it about?

pages: 1,327 words: 360,897

Demanding the Impossible: A History of Anarchism by Peter Marshall

agricultural Revolution, anti-communist, anti-globalists, Bertrand Russell: In Praise of Idleness, clean water, collective bargaining, colonial rule, David Graeber, different worldview, do-ocracy, feminist movement, garden city movement, hive mind, Howard Zinn, invisible hand, laissez-faire capitalism, land reform, land tenure, Lao Tzu, liberation theology, Machinery of Freedom by David Friedman, Mahatma Gandhi, means of production, MITM: man-in-the-middle, Naomi Klein, open borders, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, plutocrats, Plutocrats, post scarcity, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, the market place, union organizing, wage slave, washing machines reduced drudgery

Marx on the other hand dismissed as ‘nonsense’ his belief in the ‘free organization of the working class from below upwards’.182 Where Marx despised the peasantry as rural idiots and the lumpenproletariat as riffraff, Bakunin recognized their revolutionary potential. To Marx’s call for the conquest of political power, Bakunin opposed economic emancipation first and foremost. Bakunin further tempered Marx’s determinism by stressing the role of the people’s spontaneous will in bringing about revolution. Beyond their theoretical differences, Bakunin and Marx became symbols of different world-views. Bakunin is usually presented as the more attractive personality — generous and spontaneous, the embodiment of a ‘free spirit’.183 Bakunin was the more impetuous and Marx doubtlessly envied him for his ability to charm and influence others. Bakunin possessed what he admired most in others: ‘that troublesome and savage energy characteristic of the grandest geniuses, ever called to destroy old tottering worlds and lay the foundations of new.’184 Yet for all his turbulent eccentricities and contradictions, he was invariably kind, considerate and gentle with his friends.

pages: 1,737 words: 491,616

Rationality: From AI to Zombies by Eliezer Yudkowsky

Albert Einstein, Alfred Russel Wallace, anthropic principle, anti-pattern, anti-work, Arthur Eddington, artificial general intelligence, availability heuristic, Bayesian statistics, Berlin Wall, Build a better mousetrap, Cass Sunstein, cellular automata, cognitive bias, cognitive dissonance, correlation does not imply causation, cosmological constant, creative destruction, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, dematerialisation, different worldview, discovery of DNA, Douglas Hofstadter, Drosophila, effective altruism, experimental subject, Extropian, friendly AI, fundamental attribution error, Gödel, Escher, Bach, hindsight bias, index card, index fund, Isaac Newton, John Conway, John von Neumann, Long Term Capital Management, Louis Pasteur, mental accounting, meta analysis, meta-analysis, money market fund, Nash equilibrium, Necker cube, NP-complete, P = NP, pattern recognition, Paul Graham, Peter Thiel, Pierre-Simon Laplace, placebo effect, planetary scale, prediction markets, random walk, Ray Kurzweil, reversible computing, Richard Feynman, risk tolerance, Rubik’s Cube, Saturday Night Live, Schrödinger's Cat, scientific mainstream, scientific worldview, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Singularitarianism, Solar eclipse in 1919, speech recognition, statistical model, Steven Pinker, strong AI, technological singularity, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, the map is not the territory, the scientific method, Turing complete, Turing machine, ultimatum game, X Prize, Y Combinator, zero-sum game

There’s a historical record showing over-conservativeness, the many silent deaths of regulation being outweighed by a few visible deaths of nonregulation. If you’re really playing the middle, why not say, “Ah, but technology has benefits as well as risks”? Well, and this isn’t such a bad description of the Bad Guys. (Except that it ought to be emphasized a bit harder that these aren’t evil mutants but standard human beings acting under a different worldview-gestalt that puts them in the right; some of them will inevitably be more competent than others, and competence counts for a lot.) Even looking back, I don’t think my childhood technophilia was too wrong about what constituted a Bad Guy and what was the key mistake. But it’s always a lot easier to say what not to do, than to get it right. And one of my fundamental flaws, back then, was thinking that if you tried as hard as you could to avoid everything the Bad Guys were doing, that made you a Good Guy.