friendly fire

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pages: 300 words: 85,043

Extreme Ownership: How U.S. Navy SEALs Lead and Win by Jocko Willink, Leif Babin

friendly fire, market design, urban sprawl

“It was a blue-on-blue,” I said to him. Blue-on-blue—friendly fire, fratricide—the worst thing that could happen. To be killed or wounded by the enemy in battle was bad enough. But to be accidently killed or wounded by friendly fire because someone had screwed up was the most horrible fate. It was also a reality. I had heard the story of X-Ray Platoon from SEAL Team One in Vietnam. The squads split up on a night patrol in the jungle, lost their bearings, and when they bumped into each other again in the darkness, they mistook each other for enemy and opened up with gunfire. A ferocious firefight ensued, leaving one of their own dead and several wounded. That was the last X-Ray Platoon in the SEAL Teams. Henceforth, the name was banished. It was a curse—and a lesson. Friendly fire was completely unacceptable in the SEAL Teams.

See also Simple mission attack on clearance for defense for MiTTs from as presence patrol route from cover Cover and Move business downtime in mission for relationships for as team Cover and Move mission clearance in communication in dilemma in engagement in patrol in for patrol out for positioning in Cover and Move principle Cover and Move tactics credit criticism deaths commemoration of return home reflections on debrief Decentralized Command business clarification in junior leaders in organizational chart of team sizes in trust in Decentralized Command mission casualties and clarification in control in enemy snipers in friendly fire and need for positioning in sniper teams in tensions in training for trust for Decentralized Command principle command and control in junior leaders in senior leaders in decisions by junior leaders decisive engagement decisiveness amid uncertainty clearance in enemy snipers in Kyle in misidentification in PID in decisiveness business aggression for competition in inaction in promotions in terminations in decisiveness principle defense delegation deployment details dilemma discipline discipline business background on dichotomy in losses in loyalty in discipline equals freedom background on brief on need for plan for in practice standardization in in Task Unit Bruiser discipline principle disrespect disruptions downtime Echelon Front, LLC ego ego check business bigger picture in blame in communication in Extreme Ownership for stand-off in ego check mission attitude in discipline in disrespect in lack of coordination in respect in ego check principle e-mails emotions engagement EOD. See explosive ordnance disposal Execute exit explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) Extreme Ownership. See also specific topics in friendly fire for leadership failure fall back familiarity field training exercises (FTXs) fire power 1/506th fog of war business bonus structure in combat compared to ego in Extreme Ownership for goals of opposition in SEAL teams compared to fog of war mission blame for communication in e-mails on Extreme Ownership in friendly fire in Marine Corps ANGLICO in mistakes in QRF in shame from fog of war principle friendly fire (fratricide) Decentralized Command mission and in Vietnam frontline leaders frustration FTXs. See field training exercises gear goals ground force commander Hackworth, David Hell Week attitude in combat compared to IBS for instructions in instructors for losers in quitting in underperformers in winners in Hell Week leaders attitude of goals of of losers mistakes of responsibility of swap of hostage rescue.

This was urban combat, the most complex and difficult of all warfare, and it was simply impossible to conduct operations without some risk of blue-on-blue. But for SEALs accustomed to working in small groups against point targets, fratricide should never happen. A very senior and highly respected SEAL officer, who before joining the Navy had been a U.S. Marine Corps platoon commander in Vietnam at the historic Battle of Hue City, came to visit our task unit shortly after the incident. He told me that many of the Marine casualties in Hue were friendly fire, part of the brutal reality of urban combat. He understood what we had experienced and just how easily it could happen. But, while a blue-on-blue incident in an environment like Ramadi might be likely, if not expected, we vowed to never let it happen again. We analyzed what had happened and implemented the lessons learned. We revised our standard operating procedures and planning methodology to better mitigate risk.


pages: 566 words: 144,072

In the Graveyard of Empires: America's War in Afghanistan by Seth G. Jones

business climate, clean water, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, drone strike, failed state, friendly fire, invisible hand, Khyber Pass, Mikhail Gorbachev, Murray Gell-Mann, open borders, purchasing power parity, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, trade route, zero-sum game

He mistook a garbage fire at the Canadian location for his target, without verifying the target through his targeting pod and heads-up display. The forward air controller reacted immediately to the friendly-fire incident, screaming, “Abort! Abort! Abort!” on his radio.49 “I had been off to the side and heard the A-10 sound. I hit the ground, and when I got up I saw all the [injured] laying there,” said Corporal Jason Plumley.50 An aerial medevac team rapidly arrived. In less than thirty-six hours, Charles Company had lost much of its leadership at the officer and noncommissioned-officer level. All four of its warrant officers had been either killed or wounded. Captain Steve Brown was suddenly in charge of a company that had a corporal acting as company quartermaster and a sergeant as company sergeant major. There was a lull in ground operations after the friendly-fire incident, and the north, along Highway 1, then became the main theater of operation.51 So-called friendly fire is an unfortunate reality on the battlefield.

Captain Stewart was the forward public affairs officer for Operation Medusa, from the Task Force 306 Battle Group. 42. Board of Inquiry Minutes of Proceedings, Convened by LGen J. C. M. Gauthier, Commander CEFCOM, 22 September 2006, A-10A Friendly Fire Incident 4 September 2006, Panjwayi District, Afghanistan, p. 14. 43. Author interviews with Canadian soldiers, Kandahar, Afghanistan, January 13–17, 2007. 44. Captain Edward Stewart, Op MEDUSA—A Summary. 45. Board of Inquiry Minutes of Proceedings, p. 14; Captain Edward Stewart, Op MEDUSA—A Summary. 46. Author interviews with Canadian soldiers, Kandahar, Afghanistan, January 13–17, 2007. 47. Board of Inquiry Minutes of Proceedings, p. 14. 48. Alex Dobrota and Omar El Akkad, “Friendly Fire Claims Former Olympic Athlete,” Globe and Mail (Canada), September 5, 2006. 49. Board of Inquiry Minutes of Proceedings. 50. Captain Edward Stewart, Op MEDUSA—A Summary. 51.

In one incident in Balkh Province, police forces were attacked, captured, and disarmed by a drug cartel after an armed clash.37 And again, in the days following a police-led operation to capture Taliban fighters in Sangsar village in the southern province of Kandahar, an after-action report found that there was “no joint plan,” “no unity of command,” and “no intel sharing” between the police and Afghanistan’s intelligence service. The result was seven casualties and one friendly-fire incident. All Taliban escaped.38 In many ways, however, the police were an afterthought; the international training for law enforcement was simply not as good as it was for the Afghan National Army. In the course of four years, control over the police was shifted among three agencies—from the German lead in 2002, to the U.S. State Department in 2003, and finally to the U.S. Defense Department in 2005.


pages: 287 words: 92,118

The Blue Cascade: A Memoir of Life After War by Mike Scotti

call centre, collateralized debt obligation, Donald Trump, fixed income, friendly fire, index card, London Interbank Offered Rate, rent control

And we heard stories of Marines dying in helicopter crashes and of Air Force A-10s mistaking Marine amtracs for enemy vehicles, and strafing them with their 30mm cannons and just…just shredding those poor guys who were inside. “Friendly fire is a whole different level of hell. It is just a pure fucking waste. You’d never know if it was the result of ignorance or mistakes or incompetence, or confusing combat conditions and exhaustion, or just bad luck. But think about the parents and spouses of those who are killed by friendly fire. They don’t even get solace in the fact that their loved ones died fighting the enemy. Their loved ones died because somebody made a mistake. And think about the guys who are responsible for friendly fire and what that will do to their psyche for the rest of their lives. It’s just…fucking bad. Probably the worst thing I can think of. “Just before we pushed across the border at the beginning of the war, General Mattis, the commander of the First Marine Division, spoke to our regiment.

You fought alongside the best. You denied the white-phosphorus artillery shells that would burn at 5,000 degrees when the young Marines requesting them were being too aggressive, so the deaths of the people they were shooting at wouldn’t be so brutal. The deaths would be terrible but would maybe be quicker, and the people would not burn, as they would have from the white phosphorus. And you shut down the friendly-fire barrage that day in Baghdad. You saved lives. Remember? Yes. And Captain Griffin from Alpha Company shook your hand and looked you in the eye and said thank you. And Captain Moran said, “You saved the day, Scotti. You saved the day.” Those are honorable things. They are pure. Purer than most things. Remember when Casey’s father called you and said, “Thank you for bringing my son home alive”?

“One of the things I’ve realized is that the battlefield really is the most unforgiving place on earth. It’s the most brutal thing that a human being can endure, both physically and mentally. Because almost everything that happens there can profoundly impact one’s life in some permanent way. And the impact can be either physically permanent, like death, loss of limbs, burns, or scarring, or mentally permanent, like the overwhelming regret or shame if you were the cause of friendly fire or responsible for the deaths of civilians or things like that. The pressure of this permanence and the nature of combat conditions stretch the human body and mind to their limits. Sometimes it stretches them beyond those limits and things snap and tear—like ligaments.” Kristian made a disgusted face when I said ligaments. “And everything is extreme. Fighting units are always battling the elements.


pages: 615 words: 191,843

Not a Good Day to Die: The Untold Story of Operation Anaconda by Sean Naylor

digital map, friendly fire, Iridium satellite, job satisfaction, old-boy network

But this doctrinal sleight of hand only papers over the cracks left when two generals at the same base each command forces operating over the same patch of ground, yet neither is answerable to the other, or to another commander in the theater of operations. In the Mountain TOC, the situation made officers uneasy. “There’s definitely some concern any time you’ve got two forces working in the same location, and there’s so little known about what one of them is doing,” Wille said. To reduce the risk of friendly fire and to share situational awareness, Task Force Blue permitted a single liaison officer from Mountain to hang out in their TOC, located at the other end of the airfield from Hagenbeck’s headquarters. But there was only one other exception to TF 11’s “never the twain shall meet” policy regarding conventional forces: Pete Blaber’s AFO. In keeping with his belief in “the power of combinations,” Blaber had begun to work closely with the conventional troops soon after the basement meeting in Kabul.

“I respect them for the warriors that they are…but in my exposure to them their instantaneous reaction to this is ‘We just need to do the air assault and get in there and kill ’em all.’” The A-teams in Gardez who would accompany Zia into the valley were equally concerned. The Special Forces captains and NCOs thought the Rakkasans wanted to land far too close to Serkhankhel. Above all, the SF soldiers feared a friendly-fire incident between the Rakkasans and Zia’s troops. “We had a good clear idea of where the 101st was gonna go, [and] that was a stupid, stupid, stupid thing, because they’re landing right on an objective that I’m treating as a hot objective,” said a Dagger officer in Gardez. The constant references by Larsen and Wiercinski to “the psychological impact of helicopters on the battlefield” only reinforced the special operators’ view that the Rakkasans were more concerned with their place in history than with fulfilling the supporting role assigned them in the original plan.

Their difficulties were compounded by the fact that CFLCC’s order formalizing Mountain’s authority over the other task forces did not take official effect until February 20. Prior to that date, Hagenbeck’s staff held a series of important synchronization meetings to ensure that everyone knew what was supposed to be happening on the battlefield at each stage of the plan, in order to minimize the risk of friendly fire. With no authority to compel other task forces to send representatives, the Mountain staff found the right people rarely showed up. “We never had everybody in the same room at one time,” Wille said. “Even when we did have representatives there, they weren’t always decision makers. They didn’t always have the authority to speak for their commander.” Only after February 20 did “the more competent people” start attending the meetings, he said.


pages: 496 words: 162,951

We Were Soldiers Once...and Young: Ia Drang - the Battle That Changed the War in Vietnam by Harold G. Moore, Joseph L. Galloway

back-to-the-land, Berlin Wall, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, defense in depth, Donald Davies, friendly fire, South China Sea

I think about him often, dying alone on that open field. He was an engineer attached to our battalion." Up the slope, Lieutenant Joe Marm was trying to evacuate his casualties. "My weapons-squad leader, Staff Sergeant Robert L. Parker, organized a party to get out the wounded. He came back about twenty minutes later saying he could not get out because we were surrounded. Whether we were or not is still a question to me; it may have been friendly fire. But the enemy were maneuvering to our flanks. I asked permission to withdraw with the wounded. We policed up the dead. We had quite a problem with all the wounded, but met little resistance going back. When we reached the ditch which was our forward line of departure, the wounded were evacuated back to the clearing and we were resupplied with ammo. Water was in very short supply." Among the wounded flowing into the command-post aid station during this brief lull was Specialist 5 Calvin Bouknight, who was the medic with Lieutenant Dennis Deal's 3rd Platoon.

Platoon Sergeant Larry Gilreath recalls that moment: "They must have captured one of our M-60s from the cut-off platoon and turned it on us. We were behind a fallen tree and we were flat pinned down by machine-gun fire and couldn't move. I remember saying that Sergeant Hurdle must be mad at us ' he's shooting at us. That was because of the difference in the sound of that particular machine-gun fire and the other automatic weapons fire we had been receiving." Sergeant Gilreath and his men weren't really on the receiving end of friendly fire. Sergeant Paul Hurdle had been killed covering the withdrawal of his buddies in Herrick's platoon. But Sergeant Gilreath's sharp ears did not deceive him: The weapon he heard was, in fact, Paul Hurdle's M-60. After Hurdle and his gunners were killed, the enemy first used that gun on the cut-off platoon and then turned it against the troopers trying to fight their way through to rescue Lieutenant Herrick's men.

Don't you know me, man? It's Vince Cantu from Refugio." The two men embraced, agreed that this was "some kind of bad shit," and for a few brief minutes stolen from the battle raging around them, talked of home, family, and friends. Canto told the reporter: "If I live, I will be home for Christmas." Vince Cantu survived and made it back to Refugio, Texas, population 4,944, just in time for the holidays. FRIENDLY FIRE Duke bellum inexpertis. ("War is delightful to those who have no experience of it.") --Erasmus The ordeal of rifleman Arthur Viera, crumpled on the ground, terribly wounded, beside the body of Lieutenant Neil Kroger, was just beginning. "The enemy was all over, at least a couple of hundred of them walking around for three or four minutes--it seemed like three or four hours-- shooting and machine-gunning our wounded and laughing and giggling," Viera recalls.


pages: 265 words: 84,449

Roberts Ridge by Malcolm MacPherson

friendly fire, Iridium satellite

The original plan for Anaconda had called for the use of American and friendly Afghan troops to hammer Taliban and al-Qaeda forces, known to have regrouped in the valley in force for the winter, into a steep wall of high mountains. American troops would serve as the blocking anvil against which the routed enemy would be crushed, in theory. But the hammer never swung; it fled from the battlefield under lethal friendly fire from a U.S. gunship, from a shocked reaction to a “softening-up” bombardment that fizzled, and by ferocious mortar attacks by an enemy that was not going to be easily routed anywhere, much to nearly everyone's surprise. The enemy fighters weren't as much in the valley, as imagined, as they were in the mountains looking down on the Americans through the sights of heavy machine guns and mortars.

He was engaging a position on the ground, diving at 30 degrees. He planned to pull out of the dive at 1,500 feet above the mountain. As he came in the Viper screamed with a sound that curled the air. At that closer-than-danger-close range, Bartley needed a final clearance before he could shoot. Brown gave him the initials of his name, in essence saying that he accepted the risk of being hit by friendly fire. Bartley would strafe and drop bombs wherever he was told, but he knew that fingers would point at him if there was fratricide. He rolled in, but Brown did not see him on his first pass in time to give him final clearance, and Bartley did not put bullets on the target. He pulled off, made an immediate turn, and came back around on the same axis in an arc the shape of a kidney bean. On the pass, Bartley had not seen the enemy on the peak.

The Afghans' abandonment of the valley in the first ten minutes of the operation was originally ascribed to a fierce opposition, when the expectation was that the enemy in the valley would flee; instead, friendly Afghans, under General Zia Lodin, fled the field mainly due to a series of mishaps, including fratricide from a C-130U Spooky gunship, GRIM-31, that fired on the friendly Afghanis and their 5th SOG mentors, killing two and wounding fourteen. Air Force Special Operations Command at Hurlburt Field chose not to respond to inquiries about the incident, while acknowledging the incident itself. As Milani put it in PITFALLS, “Heavy and sustained enemy resistance, coupled with an AC-130 friendly fire incident, halted the advance of Afghan military forces and caused a withdrawal to Gardez.” “The highest mountain . . . amounts of ordnance”: In PITFALLS, Milani wrote, “A 10,000-foot, snow-capped mountain, named Takur Ghar, appeared as the perfect location for such an observation post. That mountain dominated the southern approaches to the valley and offered excellent visibility into Marzak, two kilometers to its west.


Norco '80: The True Story of the Most Spectacular Bank Robbery in American History by Peter Houlahan

blue-collar work, cognitive dissonance, cuban missile crisis, friendly fire, index card, reserve currency

Classification: LCC HV6661.C22 N674 2019 | DDC 364.15/520979497—dc23 LC record available at https://lccn.loc.gov/2018052238 Jacket design by Jaya Miceli Book design by Jordan Koluch COUNTERPOINT 2560 Ninth Street, Suite 318 Berkeley, CA 94710 www.counterpointpress.com Printed in the United States of America Distributed by Publishers Group West 10987654321 For my father, who taught me the joy of a great story Dedicated to Deputy James Bernard Evans CONTENTS Author’s Note Prologue 1.The Jupiter Effect 2.Zeroed Out 3.The RSO 4.Takeover 5.The End of the World 6.Wineville 7.The Graveyard of Cars 8.Interstate 9.Ambush 10.Some Men Never Get to See Their Sons Grow Up 11.Shot Through the Heart 12.The Norco 3 13.Bricks in the Wall 14.Contempt 15.The Investigator 16.On Behalf of the People 17.Friendly Fire 18.Scandal 19.Who the Fuck Is Jerry Cohen? 20.Stockholm Syndrome Epilogue Note on Sources Acknowledgments AUTHOR’S NOTE THE MOTIVE FOR ROBBING BANKS HAS REMAINED THE SAME SINCE FEBRUARY 13, 1866, when members of the James-Younger Gang walked into the Clay County Savings Bank in Liberty, Missouri, stole $60,000, and shot a bystander to death in what is widely believed to be the first bank robbery in United States history.

Soon veteran court watchers and just plain folk were lining up in the hallway outside the courtroom of Justice Hennigan to snatch up seats in the gallery for the best show in town. Ahead of them lay the most dramatic and contentious fight of the entire trial, over the single question most likely to determine whether the three defendants before them would live or die: Who really killed deputy James Evans? 17 FRIENDLY FIRE April 12, 1982. Vista, California. D. J. McCARTY SAT ON A BENCH IN THE HALLWAY OF THE SUPERIOR COURT IN Vista, hoping to God no one would notice him. The place was a zoo, spectators packing the seats inside the courtroom and spilling out into the hallway hoping someone might leave so they could take their place. The newspapers called them “court watchers,” but to McCarty they were nothing more than complete strangers.

When the shooting started, McCarty threw open his passenger door, jumped out with his fully loaded gun, closed his eyes, and began spraying automatic gunfire all over the place, unable to control a weapon he had never fired before. When Jim Evans heard gunshots coming from behind him, he whipped his head around to look and a bullet from D. J. McCarty’s gun struck him in the right eye, killing him. Friendly fire, happens all the goddamn time. McCarty was just too ashamed to admit what really happened, they said, and was hiding behind the “thin blue line” of fellow cops lying to protect him, all of it aided and abetted by a prosecutor willing to do anything to send three men to the gas chamber. D.J. eyed the thick binder sitting on the bench next to him stuffed with incident reports, a transcript of his pretrial testimony, and some other documents he could refer to while on the stand.


pages: 516 words: 1,220

Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq by Thomas E. Ricks

business process, clean water, cognitive dissonance, David Brooks, facts on the ground, failed state, friendly fire, Isaac Newton, lateral thinking, Naomi Klein, private military company, Project for a New American Century, RAND corporation, uranium enrichment, Yom Kippur War

Even in approving them, his memorandum noted that other countries believed that the detainees were prisoners of war, and that some of the methods being discussed were inconsistent with the Geneva Conventions governing their treatment. Centcom reviewed his decision, and a month later scaled it back, telling him it was "unacceptably aggressive," according to a subsequent Pentagon inquiry. He was told to drop ten of the twenty-nine interrogation procedures he had approved. His superseding memo incorporating that order was issued on October 12. Friendly fire worsens Fallujah *s woes As the war intensified in the summer, it brought with it a series of incidents in which newly wary U.S. troops fired on civilians, such as carloads of families hurrying to get home before curfew. A Reuters cameraman was killed because a soldier thought the device on his shoulder, seen from a distance, looked like a launcher for a rocket-propelled grenade. In the most consequential of these incidents, on September 12, a platoon from the 82nd Airborne mistakenly became embroiled in a night firefight with Iraqi police near Fallujah.

Assem Mohammed, one of the police officers, said later, while recovering from a gunshot wound at Fallujah General Hospital. "They keptfiring,and we kept shouting at them, 'We are police! We are police!'" In the course of the three-wayfirefight—whichinvolved U.S., Iraqi, and Jordanian police, who were all ostensibly allies—a good part of the nascent Fallujah police force was killed. "It was the deadliest friendly-fire incident in the six-month-old occupation, and it left tremendous bitterness on both sides," wrote Bing West, the defense analyst who spent months observing U.S. operations in Anbar province. GETTING TOUGH 241 In the weeks after that, Kipling, the MP officer, recalled, the Iraqi police frequently were wary of U.S. troops. "More than once the Iraqi police would say something along the lines of 'You and your soldiers are okay, but those others are dangerous,'" she said.

John's Press, 2005). 240 other countries: The two Sanchez memoranda on permissible interrogation techniques are "CJTF-7 Interrogation and Counter-Resistance Policy," dated September 14,2003, and the superceding document with the same title dated October 12,2003. NOTES 453 240 "They shot at us for about an hour": The Stars & Stripes article quoting Iraqi police about being shot by U.S. troops near Fallujah was by Terry Boyd, and was published on September 13,2003. 240 "It was the deadliest friendly-fire incident": Bing West's book No True Glory: A Frontline Account of the Battle for Fallujah (Bantam, 2005). 244 "Then all hell broke loose": Wallen was quoted in an article by the Washington Post's Vernon Loeb, "Combat Heroine: Teresa Broadwell Found Herself in the Army—Under Fire, in Iraq," that ran on November 23, 2003. 249 "We think the insurgency is waning": Hertling was quoted by Ron Jensen in "Iraqi Insurgency Is Waning, General Says," Stars & Stripes (November 9,2003). 253 "the means toward the strategic goal": This T.


pages: 244 words: 82,548

Here I Am: The Story of Tim Hetherington, War Photographer by Alan Huffman

blood diamonds, British Empire, friendly fire, illegal immigration, Skype

He reconciled this seeming inconsistency by treating his method as something akin to crime-scene photography—deliberate and methodically framed yet, he hoped, ultimately revealing. During his first trip he had observed that the Libyan war veered between moments of careful posturing and incredibly dangerous encounters, many of them brought about by the rebels’ ignorance of combat. The fighters weren’t trained soldiers and, as a result, there was a great risk of getting hit by friendly fire or being caught in an unplanned counterattack. Working in such an environment obviously had precious little in common with wedding photography; it was more like photographing a crime scene while the crime was still taking place. In the town of Brega, Hetherington had watched in alarm as the war turned its focus on him. The rebel lines had collapsed, which prompted the pro-Gaddafi townspeople to come out of their houses and begin shooting at both fighters and photographers.

The alternative, he said, was to go to war empty-handed. “Who would do that?” he asked. Mahmud el-Haddad, an anesthetist who worked at al-Hekma, observed, “No one in Misrata was trained to fight in a war. Nobody has a gun. Everybody is trying to find a weapon, and when they do, sometimes they don’t even know what the weapons are.” The results were occasionally disastrous, with many rebels killed or injured by friendly fire, but as Ibrahim Safar, a forty-four-year-old radio announcer who also joined the rebels, said, “We had no choice but to fight. The Gaddafi troops had come to kill us and our families. It was evil. Evil had come here, to our homes.” Computer engineers, journalists, lawyers, students, shopkeepers, truck drivers, mechanics, dock workers, businessmen, and unemployed laborers became soldiers overnight, arming themselves with anything they could get their hands on.

Among the rebel photographers was Abdulkader Fassouk, a slight man of twenty-six who smiled and laughed easily and whose filming earned him a terrific scar running down the middle of his neck, with a corresponding exit wound on the back of his shoulder. Fassouk, who been shot twice in previous episodes, was filming on the front lines when he was hit at close range by a round from a Kalashnikov, the result of friendly fire from a rebel who was trying to get his gun unjammed. Judging from Fassouk’s scar, it seemed impossible that he could have survived, and his brother later observed, “It was a kind of magic.” Not surprisingly, that episode was also photographed and filmed. Liohn also filmed Fassouk’s arrival at the hospital where, later that day, a mortar round killed one of the doctors. At the time, Fassouk was bleeding profusely from his wounds, which his cousin had tried to stanch with his head scarf.


pages: 423 words: 126,375

Baghdad at Sunrise: A Brigade Commander's War in Iraq by Peter R. Mansoor, Donald Kagan, Frederick Kagan

Berlin Wall, central bank independence, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, friendly fire, HESCO bastion, indoor plumbing, land reform, open borders, RAND corporation, Saturday Night Live, zero-sum game

The Special Forces major serving as liaison at division headquarters rarely communicated with the brigade combat teams, and we had to work hard to pull out of the system any information concerning their activities. This lack of unity of command occasionally caused problems, particularly when sof conducted raids in our area without informing anyone. The combat team then had to deal with the often lethal consequences to the Iraqi civilian population, while the sof departed back to their secure bases outside the area. The risk of “friendly fire” incidents in such circumstances was also high, but as time went on better liaison arrangements were fashioned and communications between organizations improved. It was not an ideal situation, but given the lines of authority in the sof world, there was zero chance of getting a firmer grip on their activities. The development of personal relationships went a long way to smoothing over the challenges in this regard.

We should have allowed them to read the contract and discuss its provisions. I believe we easily could have convinced them that it was in their best interests to sign. Instead, peeved at the behavior of the ird representatives, the Rusafa District Advisory Council refused to sign the contract, the ugly Americans stormed out of the meeting and back to their lair in the Green Zone, and Chuck Sexton and I were left holding the empty bag. Friendly fire and escalation-of–force (the procedures used by friendly forces to decide when to fire at possible assailants, including civilians in a number of regrettable episodes) incidents that could destroy innocent lives were constant concerns. One such episode during this period was particularly devastating. On 76 Rusafa the evening of August 7, the Gunners conducted a raid in Qahira, just across Army Canal Road from the “Bunker” manned by A Company, 1-37 Armor.

It turned out that the family was heading to the hospital to get treatment for one of the boys, whose asthma had flared up. Although mistakes occur in combat, the Ready First Combat Team had Rusafa 77 committed several fatal and near-fatal errors on these two nights and I was determined to do better in the future. I ordered the Ready First Combat Team S-3, Major Mike Shrout, to conduct a formal investigation into the friendly fire and the Ready First Combat Team Executive Officer, Major Cliff Wheeler, to investigate the killing of the civilians in al-Sha’ab. As usual, they did a professional and thorough job, and I had them summarize the results to the entire leadership of the combat team. We had committed three major errors. First, lack of air support for the raid gave the enemy the advantage of the high ground, the rooftops from which they had launched their attack against our forces.


pages: 590 words: 152,595

Army of None: Autonomous Weapons and the Future of War by Paul Scharre

active measures, Air France Flight 447, algorithmic trading, artificial general intelligence, augmented reality, automated trading system, autonomous vehicles, basic income, brain emulation, Brian Krebs, cognitive bias, computer vision, cuban missile crisis, dark matter, DARPA: Urban Challenge, DevOps, drone strike, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, Erik Brynjolfsson, facts on the ground, fault tolerance, Flash crash, Freestyle chess, friendly fire, IFF: identification friend or foe, ImageNet competition, Internet of things, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, John Markoff, Kevin Kelly, Loebner Prize, loose coupling, Mark Zuckerberg, moral hazard, mutually assured destruction, Nate Silver, pattern recognition, Rodney Brooks, Rubik’s Cube, self-driving car, sensor fusion, South China Sea, speech recognition, Stanislav Petrov, Stephen Hawking, Steve Ballmer, Steve Wozniak, Stuxnet, superintelligent machines, Tesla Model S, The Signal and the Noise by Nate Silver, theory of mind, Turing test, universal basic income, Valery Gerasimov, Wall-E, William Langewiesche, Y2K, zero day

No one else saw it, but this meant little, since other radars may not have been in a position to see it. The Tornado’s IFF signal, which would have identified the blip on their radar as a friendly aircraft, wasn’t broadcasting. Even if it had been working, as it turns out, the Patriot wouldn’t have been able to see the signal—the codes for the IFF hadn’t been loaded into the Patriot’s computers. The IFF, which was supposed to be a backup safety measure against friendly fire, was doubly broken. There were no reports of coalition aircraft in the area. There was nothing at all to indicate that the blip that appeared on their scopes as an anti-radiation missile might, in fact, be a friendly aircraft. They had seconds to decide. They took the shot. The missile disappeared from their scope. It was a hit. Their shift ended. Another successful day. Elsewhere, Main and Williams’ wingman landed in Kuwait, but Main and Williams never returned.

The same Patriot battery had two more successful ballistic missile shootdowns before the end of the war. In all, they were responsible for 45 percent of all successful ballistic missile engagements in the war. Later, the investigation cleared the lieutenant of wrongdoing. She made the best call with the information she had. Other Patriot units were fighting their own struggle against the fog of war. The day after the Tornado shoot down, a different Patriot unit got into a friendly fire engagement with a U.S. F-16 aircraft flying south of Najaf in Iraq. This time, the aircraft shot first. The F-16 fired off a radar-hunting AGM-88 high-speed anti-radiation missile. The missile zeroed in on the Patriot’s radar and knocked it out of commission. The Patriot crew was unharmed—a near miss. After these incidents, a number of safety measures were immediately put in place to prevent further fratricides.

The Iraqi troops returned ferocious fire. U.S. Apache gunships radioed to say they were coming in on a gun run to hit the people on the rooftops. The U.S. advisors frantically ordered the Iraqi soldiers to pull back. Then at the last minute, the Apaches called off their attack. They told us they thought the “enemies” on the rooftop shooting at us were friendlies. From their vantage point, it looked like a friendly fire engagement. The U.S. advisors yelled at the Iraqis to stop firing and mass confusion followed. Word came down that the people at the other end of the street—probably the ones who were shooting at us—were Iraqi police. Some of them weren’t in uniform because they were members of an auxiliary battalion that had been tapped to aid in the initial gunfight. So there were Iraqis running around in civilian clothes with AK-47s shooting at us who were allegedly friendly.


pages: 1,153 words: 261,418

Normandy '44: D-Day and the Epic 77-Day Battle for France by James Holland

friendly fire, Kickstarter

It was no use trying to ape the small-scale tactical versatility of the Germans, because both the British and Americans were bringing large-scale industrialization to their modus operandi. This meant that the bigger the operation and the greater the number of component parts, the harder it was to operate with tactical agility. Any forward-attacking operation had to be carried out in collusion with the artillery, with the tactical air forces, with engineers, infantry and armour. Timings had to be coordinated to ensure advancing troops were not hit with friendly fire. Ammunition, reserves, fuel all had to be brought forward to maintain the necessary weight of fire. It was the constraints of wealth against the freedom of poverty; the Germans could organize themselves more quickly because they had so much less to organize. All of this Monty understood very clearly and these considerations, as well as the Allies’ experience of being on the offensive against German forces since the autumn of 1942, were what shaped his own views on the OVERLORD plan and those of the Allied staff officers, American, British and Canadian, who were helping both to shape it and to prepare the detail.

They could barely contain themselves – yet Serpent and Bezo had not yet arrived back with the Citroën and that worried him. Then, at 3.15 a.m., instead of seeing canisters floating down, they heard a whistle and explosions. Instead of weapons, they had been on the receiving end of four bombs. ‘Nobody is killed or hurt,’ scribbled Leblanc, ‘but it’s not a good start!’ But whether an enemy bomber or friendly fire, they could no longer risk using La Pilvédière and so had to move again, this time to a small farm on the edge of some nearby woods.17 By now, the German troops all along the Normandy coast were being brought to full alert. At his billet inland, Leutnant Hans Heinze had only recently got to bed and had been fast asleep when he was roused and hurried to an observation post near Colleville, above the eastern end of Omaha Beach.

Bombers of the Ninth Air Force and the Second Tactical Air Force would be over soon enough, along with hordes of fighters, fighter-bombers and rocket-firing Typhoons. In all, nearly 11,600 aircraft were scheduled to fly on this day of days. Gabby Gabreski and the boys of the 56th Fighter Group were up early too, at 3 a.m., helping crews to hastily paint invasion stripes on the wings. One of the problems the Allied air forces had faced over Sicily and in southern Italy had been being hit by friendly fire. The idea of painting large black and white stripes on the wings and even fuselage would, it was hoped, make them easier to distinguish and so reduce the number of such incidents. Better, it was thought, to lose potential camouflage – never that effective in daytime in any case – than to be shot down, but the decision to add these stripes had literally been made at the eleventh hour. Ground and aircrews were all hurriedly issued with paint and brushes and told to get on with it.


pages: 413 words: 117,782

What Happened to Goldman Sachs: An Insider's Story of Organizational Drift and Its Unintended Consequences by Steven G. Mandis

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, algorithmic trading, Berlin Wall, bonus culture, BRICs, business process, buy and hold, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collateralized debt obligation, commoditize, complexity theory, corporate governance, corporate raider, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, crony capitalism, disintermediation, diversification, Emanuel Derman, financial innovation, fixed income, friendly fire, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, high net worth, housing crisis, London Whale, Long Term Capital Management, merger arbitrage, Myron Scholes, new economy, passive investing, performance metric, risk tolerance, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Satyajit Das, shareholder value, short selling, sovereign wealth fund, The Nature of the Firm, too big to fail, value at risk

I asked myself whether, if I had conducted this study in 2006—before the financial crisis—I would have ended with the same conclusions. Therefore, I use a framework of organizational drift to help ensure consistency in the analysis. I have donated the entire advance I received from Harvard Business Review Press for this book to educational and medical charities. 36. See D. Vaughan, The Challenger Launch Decision: Risky Technology, Culture, and Deviance at NASA (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996); and S. A. Snook, Friendly Fire: The Accidental Shootdown of U.S. Blackhawks over Northern Iraq (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002). 37. Vaughan, The Challenger Launch Decision, 238. Chapter 2 1. A. Blitz, interview with John Whitehead, 2002, http://www.hbs.edu/entrepreneurs/pdf/johnwhitehead.pdf. 2. “I believe the most important thing I did was to set down in writing what Goldman Sachs stood for. I did it out of necessity.

It’s about every single individual who manages people knowing that his or her key role is that of chief values officer, with Sarbanes–Oxley-like enforcement powers to match. It’s about knowing that at every performance review, employees are evaluated for both their numbers and their values …” See Welch and Welch, “Goldman Sachs and a Culture-Killing Lesson Being Ignored.” 14. Jack Welch with Suzy Welch, Winning (New York: HarperCollins, 2005). Appendix A 1. Scott A. Snook, Friendly Fire: The Accidental Shootdown of U.S. Blackhawks over Northern Iraq (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002), 225. 2. S. Dekker, Drift into Failure: From Hunting Broken Components to Understanding Complex Systems (Farnham, UK: Ashgate Publishing, 2011). Johan Bergstrøm (“Listen to Sidney Dekker Lecturing about Drift into Failure,” October 10, 2011, http://johanniklas.blogspot.com/2011/10/listen-to-sidney-dekker-lecturing-about.html.) notes, “The drift concept offers the theory of how organizational failure and success emerge in incubation periods not characterized by incomplete interaction, but by non-linear effects of local interactions in environments characterized by goal-conflicts, competition and uncertainties.” 3.

Johan Bergstrøm (“Listen to Sidney Dekker Lecturing about Drift into Failure,” October 10, 2011, http://johanniklas.blogspot.com/2011/10/listen-to-sidney-dekker-lecturing-about.html.) notes, “The drift concept offers the theory of how organizational failure and success emerge in incubation periods not characterized by incomplete interaction, but by non-linear effects of local interactions in environments characterized by goal-conflicts, competition and uncertainties.” 3. S. Dekker, Drift into Failure, 179. 4. Ibid. 5. Dekker, Drift into Failure, 14. 6. Dekker, Drift into Failure, 17. 7. Dekker, Drift into Failure, 17, 116. 8. Snook points out that the word “drift” implies a subtle movement. He believes that detecting such movement “requires a sensitivity to the passage of time. Single snapshots won’t do.” (See Snook, Friendly Fire, 225.) All explanations assume some passage of time. One of the goals of my study is to extend it further, beyond an event. 9. In Normal Accidents: Living with High-Risk Technologies (New York: Basic Books, 1984), Charles Perrow explains a normal accident as normal “not in the sense of being frequent or being expected … it is normal in the sense that it is an inherent property of the system to occasionally experience their interaction.” 10.


pages: 434 words: 128,151

After the Flood: What the Dambusters Did Next by John Nichol

British Empire, Desert Island Discs, Etonian, friendly fire, IFF: identification friend or foe, the market place

He stammered out an apology but she brushed it aside, saying that she would ‘consider it part of her contribution to the war effort’! CHAPTER 6 The End of the Beginning In late April 1944, as part of the build-up towards D-Day, Exercise Tiger was taking place off the south coast of Devon. It involved 30,000 American troops, who were to practise a beach landing at Slapton Sands under live fire. A communications failure first led to a ‘friendly fire’ incident in which American troops were shelled by a British cruiser, but worse was to follow. A British corvette and a line of nine landing ships laden with American troops came under fire from German E-boats which had evaded British naval defensive screens. Two landing craft were sunk and two more badly damaged, with the loss of 750 US servicemen. Official embarrassment over the disaster, coupled with the need for secrecy ahead of the D-Day landings, meant that all information about the disaster was suppressed and its full scale was not acknowledged until after the war was over. 617 Squadron’s own preparations for D-Day began a few days later.

Allied bombers had already been pounding gun batteries and radar stations along the entire French coast, trying to avoid revealing the true focus of the impending attack by inflicting equal damage on areas far from Normandy. A thousand aircraft were involved in D-Day operations that night, and the fuselages and wings of all Allied aircraft, including 617’s, were painted with black and white stripes, like a piano keyboard, to minimise the risk of losses to ‘friendly fire’, since the volume of D-Day signals traffic was certain to swamp the normal IFF (Identification Friend or Foe) system that used a transponder to identify friendly aircraft to British radar. Bomber crews were also forbidden from jettisoning bombs over the Channel that night, because of the significant risk of hitting one of the hundreds of Allied ships making the crossing. To reinforce Operation Taxable’s simulation of an invasion at close to the Channel’s narrowest point, hundreds of fake aircraft, landing craft and military vehicles had been assembled in Kent for the benefit of German air reconnaissance and spies.

It was only that the nose of the plane came off or I’d never have lived myself.’5 Reid and Norris became PoWs, and it was only when they returned to the UK at the end of the war that they discovered that all five of their comrades had died, unable to escape from the aircraft as it plummeted to earth.6 Another 617 crewman saw ‘several unfortunate incidents where a stick of bombs from one of our aircraft hit another, which peeled over and then collided with another Lancaster. It was terrible, there were bodies tumbling through the sky. Nowadays it’s called “friendly fire” – we had a lot of that on daylight raids.’7 Colin Cole Wireless Operator Colin Cole’s Lancaster was another victim of ‘friendly bombing’: A strange article smashed through the window of the Lanc and hit the wireless equipment. It fractured the hydraulic oil pipe and I got smothered in oil. There was smoke and a terrible burning smell – it was an incendiary bomb dropped by another aircraft above us!


pages: 403 words: 132,736

In Spite of the Gods: The Rise of Modern India by Edward Luce

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, Bretton Woods, call centre, centre right, clean water, colonial rule, crony capitalism, cuban missile crisis, demographic dividend, energy security, financial independence, friendly fire, Gini coefficient, Haight Ashbury, informal economy, job-hopping, Kickstarter, land reform, Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Wolf, megacity, new economy, plutocrats, Plutocrats, profit motive, purchasing power parity, Silicon Valley, trade liberalization, upwardly mobile, uranium enrichment, urban planning, women in the workforce, working-age population, Y2K

The difference between these vicious and virtuous circles is the difference between lifting hundreds of millions out of poverty within a generation, or leaving the majority as they are to watch their vegetables rot and hope their children have better luck. At a certain stage, anyone trying to write about the gap between what the Indian state says it does and what it actually does starts running out of appropriate vocabulary. Hypocrisy is too mild a word to describe those who defend this system in the name of the poor. More diplomatically, Amartya Sen has compared the outcomes of the Indian state’s policies to “friendly fire,”23 when soldiers accidentally shoot their own men. Sen best illustrates this “lethal confusion” in his appraisal of India’s price support system for farmers, which is designed to reduce poverty. Under the policy, the government buys wheat and rice from farmers, giving them a higher price than the market would pay in order to increase their incomes. The “minimum support price” system sounds reasonable in theory.* But in practice it is a maximum support price system.

The government’s intervention sharply raises the purchasing price of food, thus inflating its selling price. Higher food prices hit everybody, but they hit the poorest the hardest, since they spend most or all of their incomes on food. In theory, the Fair Price shops should shield the poorest from higher prices by supplying them with cheaper food. But we have seen how the subsidized food outlets work in practice. As Sen’s “friendly fire” quip suggests, India’s food policy is aimed at an enemy called poverty. Instead it shoots the poor. By the same token, India’s judicial system, which we turn to in the next section, is supposedly blind. But it often has eyes for the rich and powerful. • • • It was one of those beautiful Indian dawns in which you savor every drop of mist before the heat of the day forces you back indoors. I was at the Madras Club in the south Indian city of Chennai having breakfast with Shriram Panchu, a senior advocate at the High Court, who was giving me his views on the Indian legal system.

It would be hard to deny that most of the poor in today’s India can only rarely expect to be treated with respect by the state, let alone in the same way as their social or economic superiors. India has been described as being a “rich-poor nation” with a “weak-strong state.”28 The writ of the state is visible almost everywhere you look in India; but it is also a state whose powers are easily hijacked by groups or individuals for their own private gain. Sometimes, as we discovered with Sen’s point about “friendly fire,” they even claim to be doing it for the benefit of the poor. The poor do not always take this literally. Often they sign away their allegiance to independent strongmen who operate their own private fiefdoms like parallel ministates. Such as Gawli. • • • “There is no pillow as soft as a clear conscience” said the poster with a picture of Mecca, the holy center of Islam, behind it. The picture was hanging on a wall in the waiting room of the five-story headquarters of Arun Gawli in the heart of Mumbai’s textile district.


pages: 522 words: 144,605

Spitfire: A Very British Love Story by John Nichol

belly landing, British Empire, Charles Lindbergh, Etonian, friendly fire

They did not have to wait long for the first Spitfire action. Sadly, it was an engagement all concerned wanted to forget. At 6.15am on 6 September, Spitfires from 74 Squadron were scrambled by ground control to vector on an enemy presence over the River Medway in Kent. Two aircraft were shot down. But they were Hurricanes, not Messerschmitts. The scientists had to come up with a solution fast to prevent further ‘friendly fire’ tragedies: the first ‘Identification Friend or Foe’ system that could spot friendly aircraft was introduced. A transponder that was fitted onto RAF aircraft amplified and returned the incoming radar signal. It gave a distorted ‘blip’ on the radar operator’s screen, which made it easily identifiable as non-hostile on the ground controller’s screen. German bomber crews were not new to combat.

Ldr Humphry, 125–6 Goering, Air Mshl Hermann, 21, 24, 25, 80, 86, 88, 279 and Malta, 138 revenge attacks on UK promised by, 231 Goetz, Horst, 234, 236 Goodwood, 97, 104, 404 Gort, Fld Mshl Lord, 149 Gracie, Wing Cdr ‘Jumbo’, 143–4, 147, 149 Griffon engines, 330–1, 355, 356, 362 and Spitfire’s climbing ability, 331 Grislawski, Alfred, 320–1 Grosvenor, Lord Edward, 18, 19 Gulf War, first, 8 Haakon, King, 109 Hadler, Karl, 394, 395 Halifax aircraft, 4, 127 Halifax, Lord, 60 Hamble, 129, 326 Hamburg, 346, 361–2, 363–4 Handley Page aircraft, 63 Hawker aircraft, see Fury aircraft; Hector aircraft; Hurricane aircraft; Tempest aircraft Hector aircraft, 48, 58 Heinkel aircraft, 8, 31–4, 61, 63 Henriquez, George ‘Bunny’, 240–1 death of, 355 Hippo Regius, 189 Hitchcock, Alfred, 391 Hitler, Adolf: Churchill on, 56 and Churchill’s Battle of Britain speech, 56 and Czechoslovakia, 23 and Egypt, 138 and forces’ diversion from Russia, 283 and French North Africa surrender, 187 and Goering’s Blitz request, 86 and Horthy, 24 last stand of, 381 and Malta strategy, 230 and Poland, 24 and Russia, invasion of, 107 and Stalingrad, loss of, 226 and Sudetenland, 23 and Treaty of Versailles, 15 and Tunisia, 188 Hitt, Aircraftsman, 219–20 Holmes, Ray, 86–7, 134, 360–6, 360, 376–7, 381–2 Home Defence Force, 40 Hornchurch, 82, 167, 173 Horthy, Adm. Miklós, 23–4 Hudson aircraft, 385 Hughes, Tom, 274, 275–7, 296, 296 bails out, 276 Hunter aircraft, 8, 407 Hurricane aircraft, 2, 7, 20, 21, 30, 407 and defence of France, 40 dive-bomber conversions of, 172 and friendly fire, 29 and German morale, 87–8 ‘Hurribombers’, at Dieppe, 172, 180 and Luftwaffe, over Malta, 151 (see also Malta) and Me109 ‘F’, 139 and production difficulties, 61 protecting London, 86–7 Spitfire compared with, 258 Hutton, Len, 258 ‘Identification Friend or Foe’ system, 285–6, 293 Imperial War Museum, RAF Duxford, 4–5 Imphal, 307, 310 India: and Japan, 308, 309, 310, 318 squadron posted from Italy to, 309 Inverness, 256 Irish Republican Army (IRA), 25, 259 Italy (see also towns and regions): American troops land in, 295 British pressure to invade, 284 and Farish’s Mark 5 solo flight, see Farish Flt Lt Greggs ‘Spanner’ and Fritz X missile, 287, 294 Germans retreat from, 7 Goering sends fighters and bombers to, 138 invasion date set for, 273 invasion of, 284 and mysterious bomb, warships hit by, 286–7 and seaborne landing behind German lines, 295 Sicily seen as springboard to conquest of, 272–3 sortie over, by 185 Squadron, 368–70 Spitfire–Dornier battle over, 288–92 surrender of, 284 and toppling of Mussolini, 283 Iwade, anti-aircraft battery outside, 69 Jablo propeller blades, 215 Japan: and air battle over Burma, 313–17 and India, 308, 309, 310, 318 and Pearl Harbor, 116 and Singapore, 139 Johnson, Amy, 121, 237 Johnson, Johnnie, 104, 163, 174, 175, 176, 389, 390 Junkers aircraft, 30, 61, 63, 144, 158, 226–7 and bombing from height, 71, 231 Britain bombed by, 231–2 and Malta, 144, 161–2 Me109s provide top cover for, 320 and Soviet lines, 320 Spitfire’s high-altitude pursuit of, 233–6 Kasserine Pass, 214, 218, 219 Kearins, Terry, 114–15, 241–54, 251, 256, 327, 329 Kennedy, Joseph, 59 Kesselring, Gen.

., 141–2 (see also Malta) Rose-Price, Arthur, 66–7 Royal Air Force (see also Spitfire aircraft; squadrons): and after-action reports, 34 Berlin’s defences penetrated by, 86 and call for volunteers, 58 and demands of modern air warfare, 17 at Dieppe, see Dieppe and Dunkirk, see Dunkirk 11 Group, 62, 66 Farlow joins, 1 Fighter Command, 34, 39, 53, 55, 58, 61, 103, 173, 331 and Fighter Control System, 39 and ‘finger four’ formation, 103 Fw190 captured by, 166 and Fw190, plan to steal, 165 high-altitude interception flight formed by, 232 liaison between US 8th Air Force and, 264 Lord’s Cricket Ground training centre of, 258 losing control of SE skies, 85 losses suffered by, 53, 62, 66, 76, 81, 91, 103, 112, 147–8, 151, 155, 162, 169, 182, 229 and Luftwaffe, intention to ‘wake up’, 98–100 and Luftwaffe North Africa counter-attack, 210 Martlesham test airfield of, 20 and mock dogfight, 51–2 and pressure on Luftwaffe, 198 Spitfire used as meteorological craft by, 405 squadrons of, see under squadrons 324 Wing, 220, 273, 285, 304, 375 and Vee formation, 62, 99, 102–3 Volunteer Reserve of, 86, 92 Royal Auxiliary Air Force, 240 ethos of, 19 and fate of Britain, 61 squadrons of, see under squadrons Royal Navy, 30 and He111s, 31–3 Malta supply escort of, 159 Russia: German divisions press down on, 186 German invasion of, 107 Hitler diverts forces from, 283 and looting from Hitler bunker, 381 Luftwaffe bomber force in, 231 at Potsdam Conference, 381 and Rall’s kills, 319 and Red Army’s offensive against Nazis, 319 Russian Revolution, 232 Rye, 99, 333 S.84 aircraft, 191–2 Salerno, 284, 286, 287–8, 291–4, 295 Sassoon, Sir Philip, 18 Schneider Trophy, 14–15, 17, 350 Scott, Allan, 13–14, 111–13, 122, 153–4, 153, 155–7, 158, 160, 161, 398–400 Distinguished Flying Medal for, 399 test-pilot role of, 399 Scott, Lena, 14 Scott, Peter, 182–3 Seafire aircraft, 8, 404 Selsey, 256 The Seventh Veil, 391 Sheen, Flying Officer Desmond, 32–3 Sherman tanks, 211 Sicily, 272–84, 294 and airmen’s piano sessions, 280–1 Allies’ assault on, 273–4 invasion date set for, 273 slips from Nazi control, 279 Singapore, loss of, 139, 309 Siskin aircraft, 16 Smith, Sgt Alan, 103–4 Smith, Joe, 99 Solent, 322 Sommer, Lt Erich, 234 Souk-el-Arba, 196, 198–9, 204, 207, 218 Souk-el-Khemis, 217–18, 220 Southampton, HMS, 30 Spain: civil war in, 21, 23, 24, 29 and Messerschmitt, 21 Spezia, 370 Spink, Air Marshal Cliff, 8–9, 406–7 Spitfire Ace, 403 Spitfire aircraft (see also Royal Air Force; squadrons): aircraft-carrier take-offs by, 136–7, 154 (see also Wasp, USS) appearance of, 2, 7, 19, 53–4, 67, 219, 405, 407 in Arab–Israeli War, 405 and assault on Sicily’s air defences, 273 attack on Strawn’s, 224–5 (see also Strawn, Harry) in Battle of Britain film, 398 and battle over Italy, 288–92 beer kegs carried by, 328 Bird’s final journey in, 9–11 Bird’s wartime experiences of, 6–7 blackouts induced by, 22, 41 British public impressed by, 22 and bubble-type canopy, 238 and change to Meteors, 380 Chindits joined by, 308, 310 and Churchill’s requests to Roosevelt, 141, 148 (see also Malta) climb rate of, 220, 331, 356, 404 cone of bullets from, 50 cost of producing, 53 and defence of France, 40, 48 delivery-date problems of, 23 and desert conditions, protection against, 190–1 and Dieppe, see Dieppe different ‘Marks’ of, in different theatres of war, 233 dogfight advantages of, 22, 44, 50, 73 dogfight training exercises with, 240 drop tank fitted to, 137, 143 elderly veterans given chance to fly in, 398 engines in, see Merlin engine F10/35 specification for, 17 fabled status of, 7 Farlow’s final visit to see, 2–3 ferried to Russia, 319 final version of, 8 first Eastern Front appearance of, 319 first flight of, 4, 18 first war action of, 29 and friendly fire, 29–30 funeral fly-past by, 404 German Heinkel brought down by, 8 and German morale, 87–8 and German transporters, 227–8 Germans attempt to match agility of, 101 ‘greatest flying machine ever built’, 357 and gunsights, 73, 98 handling of, 134 He111 aircraft’s action with, see Heinkel aircraft and high-altitude low temperature, 233 and high-altitude pursuit of a Junker, 233–6 high-octane fuel for, 51–2 horrifying incident concerning, 208–9 Hurricane compared with, 258 improvements to and evolution of, 7–8, 50–1, 404 increased speed of, 20, 22, 404 and intelligence gathering, 124 and Jablo propeller blades, 215 Japanese air battle with, 313–17 K5054 prototype for, 15, 18, 21 in Korean War, 405 landing speed of, 297 lost over Russia, 321 Luftwaffe learns from, 52 and Luftwaffe, over Malta, 151 (see also Malta) in Malaya, 405 Malta calls for, 140 Malta landings by, 144, 150 manufacturing rate of, 24–5, 29 Mark I, 7, 22, 37, 51, 99, 102, 240, 331, 349, 362, 404 Mark II, 50–1, 59, 134 Mark V, 102, 107, 117, 136, 137, 165, 173, 176, 181, 190, 207, 215, 217, 218, 231, 260, 297–301, 319 Mark VII, 233, 309, 341 Mark VIII, 308–9, 310, 311 Mark IX, 7, 166–7, 173, 176, 181, 218, 219–20, 223, 232–3, 238, 288, 295, 302, 308–9, 328, 357, 369 Mark XI, 335, 345–6, 347, 348, 349–50 Mark XII, 331–2 Mark XIV, 330–1, 355–6 Mark XIX, 362, 377 Mark 47, 8 and Me109 ‘F’, 72, 139, 145 Merlin engine in, see Merlin engine as meteorological craft, 405 ministry’s early order for, 21 mock dogfight involving, 51–2 naming of, 17 new propeller provides more speed for, 215 and North Africa, see North Africa and nose-dive prevention during taxiing, 210 number of countries operating, 404–5 numbers built during 1936–46, 404 and Ohio defence, 160–1 and oxygen, 262 and Peart’s Me109 encounter, 193–5 precision engineering needed for, 55 and pressurised cockpit, 233, 309, 341 and production difficulties, 55, 61 propellers on, 2, 19, 20, 50–1, 215 Quill’s first flight in, 19–20 Quill’s record-breaking flight in, 24 at RAF Duxford, 5 and rearward sight, 309 and recruiting posters, 92, 96, 114 refurbished, ferried to Russia, 319 remains premier fighter, 120 restoration and showing of, 398 Robertson’s crash-landing in, 205–6 Roddis funeral fly-past by, 404 Rommel attacked by, 328 scrambling, 58 seen as bad for morale, 73 seen as world-class fighter, 51 sold off, broken up for scrap, 398 sound of, 2, 5, 9 Soviet 821st Fighter Regiment, 321 Soviets put best pilots into, 321 split peas used in development of, 21 Stalin’s request for, 319 Strawn’s magazine interview concerning, 229 309 Squadron’s batches of, 215, 223 ‘top cover’ provided by, 46, 175, 215, 223 turning ability of, 194 upside-down flying by, 52, 111, 238 US fighters compared with, 118 US squadrons of, 117 and V1 flying bombs, 332, 336 various theatres of war involving, 404 veterans’ flights in, 398–402 in war’s aftermath, 398 wartime losses of, see under Royal Air Force and Wasp, 142–3, 147, 148 Weymouth patrols by, 64–5 wingspan of, 142 withdrawn from frontline action in USSR, 321 and women, 121–35 Spitfire Fund, 53, 405 ‘Spitfire Girls’, reunions by, 401 squadrons (see also Royal Air Force; Spitfire aircraft): 16 Squadron, 346, 349, 351 22 Squadron, 118 31st Fighter (US), 117 41 Squadron, 240 65 Squadron, 79, 125 66 Squadron, 260, 324, 338, 374 71 Squadron, 405 72 Squadron, 30–1, 33, 34, 196, 198, 207, 218, 274, 279 81 Squadron, 189, 189, 190, 207–8, 277, 278, 288, 309, 310, 386 91 Squadron, 333 93 Squadron, 30I, 303 124 Squadron, 111–12, 399 185 Squadron, 367–71 222 Squadron, 48, 81, 90, 380 232 Squadron, 179 234 Squadron, 36, 61, 63 242 Squadron, 208 309 Squadron, 116, 117, 168–9, 177, 178, 185, 211, 215, 223 331 Squadron, 173 332 Squadron, 173 485 Squadron, 255, 256, 327 504 Squadron, 86 541 Squadron, 360, 361, 377, 381 601 Squadron, 18, 19, 24, 40, 390 602 Squadron, 328 609 Squadron, 63, 65, 75 610 Squadron, 96, 105, 163, 164, 174, 175, 176 (see also Dieppe) 613 Squadron, 49 616 Squadron, 26, 42, 60, 102, 106 630 Squadron, 240 Eagle, 116 new grouping strategy for, 102 Stalin, Joseph, 169, 186, 319 Stalingrad, 226, 320 Stealth aircraft, 4 Steinhilper, Ulrich, 45, 73 Stormtroopers, 18, 23–4 Strawn, Harry, 115, 116–17, 120, 168, 169, 171, 177–8, 184, 186–8, 211–16, 223–6, 229 airborne attack on and injuries to, 224–6 German surgeon operates on, 225–6 new Spitfires praised by, 220 Strawn, Marjorie, see Asquith, Marjorie Stuka aircraft, 42, 47, 63, 64–5, 76, 146, 149–50, 319 Ohio targeted by, 160–1 and precision attacks, 71 Sudetenland, 23, 92 Supermarine, 17, 19, 29, 55–6, 79, 88, 99, 101, 309 subcontracting by, 23 Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), 346, 349 Tangmere, 77, 97, 102, 104, 181, 200, 322, 344 Tangye, Nigel, 28–9, 89, 263–71, 263, 326, 329–30, 333, 334, 372, 373, 390–3, 391 film shooting disrupted by, 392 Todd divorces, 391 tanks (see also panzer divisions): Churchill, 171, 179, 219 and major panzer–Allies North Africa battle, 211 Sherman, 211 Tiger, 211–12, 338 tanks and major panzer–Allies North Africa battle, 211 Taormina, 282 Taylor, Bamby, 295, 297, 301 Taylor, Rev.


pages: 316 words: 91,969

Gray Lady Down: What the Decline and Fall of the New York Times Means for America by William McGowan

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, corporate governance, David Brooks, different worldview, East Village, friendly fire, haute couture, illegal immigration, immigration reform, liberation theology, medical residency, New Journalism, obamacare, payday loans, postnationalism / post nation state, pre–internet, uranium enrichment, yellow journalism, young professional

While it seized on any evidence of malfeasance on the part of U.S. servicemen and women, the Times also disparaged or ignored instances of heroism. For example, when the former NFL football star Pat Tillman died after his unit of Army Rangers in Afghanistan came under friendly fire, it was a tragedy, and the Army commanders who tried to obscure the details in order to create a heroic narrative were deeply wrong. But could the whole, sad tale be reduced, as one Times editorial said, to a “bogus” story of heroism “used to bolster support for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan”? Was it so awful that his memorial service was “patriotism-drenched,” as Frank Rich put it? And just when did “friendly fire” become synonymous with “fratricide,” a much darker word that the Times used liberally in almost all of its Tillman stories? While the Times was quick to cover such unfortunate incidents and do scores of stories involving abuse at Abu Ghraib and elsewhere, TimesWatch noted that by the end of October 2007, the paper had reported on only two of the twenty men who had been awarded the Air Force Cross, the Distinguished Service Cross, the Navy Cross or the Congressional Medal of Honor.


pages: 369 words: 90,630

Mindwise: Why We Misunderstand What Others Think, Believe, Feel, and Want by Nicholas Epley

affirmative action, airport security, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Cass Sunstein, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, drone strike, friendly fire, invisible hand, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Milgram experiment, payday loans, Peter Singer: altruism, pirate software, Richard Thaler, school choice, social intelligence, the scientific method, theory of mind

This lesser minds effect has many manifestations, including what appears to be a universal tendency to assume that others’ minds are less sophisticated and more superficial than one’s own.21 Members of distant out-groups, ranging from terrorists to poor hurricane victims to political opponents, are also rated as less able to experience complicated emotions, such as shame, pride, embarassment, and guilt than close members of one’s own group.22 One series of experiments even found that apologies from distant out-groups, such as Canadians being asked to forgive Afghan soldiers for a friendly-fire incident, are relatively ineffective because those distant others are seen as relatively unable to experience remorse. Their apologies therefore seemed disingenuous.23 When the mind of another person looks relatively dim because you are not engaged with it directly, it does not mean that the other person’s mind is actually dimmer. Standing Bear was seen as being less than fully human—as being unsophisticated, unintelligent, and unfeeling—and today this seems like a relatively rare instance of extreme prejudice.

feedback, 8.1, 8.2, nts.1n parroting and progressive storytelling and, n feelings Female Brain, The (Brizendine) feminism Fermilab fetuses, mind debate and Fighter, The financial literacy programs, 7.1, 7.2 first impressions Fish, Stanley fishing industry flat-earth thinking, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, nts.1n flattery, 7.1, 7.2 floods fMRI scanners, 3.1, 3.2, 4.1, 5.1 Fodor, Jerry football dehumanization of players in speed of motion and, n forgiveness For Love of Insects (Eisner) Fox News France, dehumanization of British by Francis of Assisi, Saint free will Fremont, Calif., GM-Toyota intrinsic motivation experiment at friendliness, experiments on perception of friendly-fire incidents frontal lobes Fryer, Roland Galilei, Galileo Gates, Robert gay rights, 4.1, 5.1, 5.2 “don’t ask, don’t tell” and Geller, Uri gender exaggeration of differences in, 6.1, 6.2, nts.1n, nts.2n similarities and stereotypes and, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5, nts.1n, nts.2n General Dynamics Robotic Systems General Motors (GM) intrinsic motivation experiment and General Social Survey gift registries, n Gilbert, Daniel Gilles, Ralph Gilovich, Thomas God anthropomorphism and, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 5.1 egocentrism and, 5.1, 5.2 Goldman Sachs gorillas, 4.1, nts.1n Gould, Stephen Jay, 4.1, 6.1 Government Accountability Office (GAO), U.S.


pages: 1,433 words: 315,911

The Vietnam War: An Intimate History by Geoffrey C. Ward, Ken Burns

anti-communist, bank run, Berlin Wall, clean water, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, European colonialism, friendly fire, Haight Ashbury, land reform, Mahatma Gandhi, mutually assured destruction, Norman Mailer, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, South China Sea, War on Poverty

A South Vietnamese soldier flushes a father and son suspected of being loyal to the Viet Cong from the rice paddy in which they had been hiding, Mekong Delta, 1962. Construction workers and antiwar demonstrators fight for the flag during a demonstration on Wall Street in Manhattan, 1970. At the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C., former Staff Sergeant Dwight Holliday finds the name of a friend, James Miremont, who died in his arms from friendly fire. CHAPTER ONE DÉJÀ VU 1858–1961 A wounded French soldier is evacuated from the battlefield at Dien Bien Phu, to be helicoptered to an army hospital at Hanoi in May 1954. The Vietnamese victory at Dien Bien Phu signaled the end of their war with France and indirectly ushered in a new war, with the Americans. THE PATRIOT Ho Chi Minh in Paris, 1921. He was shy and soft-spoken, the wife of one expatriate Vietnamese living in France recalled, but she remembered being frightened by the intensity lurking in his eyes.

Thirteen men were killed, thirty-four more wounded. Cao was summoned to the presidential palace. If he wished to be promoted to general and given command of a corps, Diem told him, he needed to be far more prudent. Cao took the admonition to heart. Vann was cut out of military planning, and over the next ten weeks Cao mounted fourteen operations that lost just three men, all thought to have been killed by friendly fire. On December 22, Cao received the promotion for which he’d hoped. He was now a general, commanding the Fourth Corps and responsible for the whole of the Mekong Delta. Vann cautioned General Harkins that while he had worked hard to build up “Cao’s military leader image” over the past few months, the newly appointed general had not “yet developed a real aggressive attitude on his own.” There was not much either he or Harkins could do.

“Yeah, you sure as hell shook us up,” the wounded company commander said. “You killed three of my men.” The adviser paled, horrified at what his men had done. “At that point,” Laurence recalled, “the company commander just about to be medevaced asked, ‘What kind of fucking war is this?’ ” A chopper lifted Laurence and his wounded sound man out before nightfall. When he got back to Saigon, the Army claimed there had been no friendly-fire incident—since no military source had officially reported one. It was at that point, Laurence remembered, that he came to believe what veteran reporters had been telling him: in Vietnam, truth really was the first casualty. The First Cavalry began moving again, leapfrogging from hamlet to hamlet. Americans had learned as early as the Battle of Ap Bac that infantry assaults across flooded rice paddies yielded heavy casualties.


pages: 565 words: 160,402

A Better War: The Unexamined Victories and Final Tragedy of America's Last Years in Vietnam by Lewis Sorley

currency manipulation / currency intervention, defense in depth, friendly fire, land reform, RAND corporation, South China Sea

In a purely military sense, he acknowledged, some of those rules looked silly, but “if you are going to hold it together, they must be followed.”2 Lavelle’s successor, General John Vogt, arrived just in time for Easter. AT NOON ON 30 March 1972 the long-anticipated enemy offensive began in Military Region 1 with widespread attacks by fire. By midnight about 4,000 rounds of mortar, 122mm rocket, and 122mm, 130mm, and 152mm artillery fire had inundated friendly fire bases across the front. The next day a heavy ground attack struck Quang Tri combat base and Cam Lo was heavily attacked. Friendly troops were withdrawn from a crescent of fire support bases as enemy tanks were engaged by allied armor south of the Cam Lo River. In an early report to Admiral Moorer, Abrams advised that “the enemy’s offensive in Quang Tri Province involves a total of ten infantry and five artillery regiments” from the 304th and 308th NVA Divisions.3 This offensive, the enemy told his cadres, was intended to “gain decisive victory in 1972” by means of “wide-spread military attacks coordinated with mass popular uprisings,” actions that would “totally change the face of the war in South Vietnam.”

.: anticipates Tet Offensive (1968), 104, 106 on antiwar movement, 23, 93, 114, 298 on appearance and dress codes, 300 as Army Chief of Staff, 343, 346–48 assessment of NVA in Easter Offensive, 325, 329 on body count, 22–23, 145 on Cambodian incursion, 200–1, 203–4, 206–8, 210, 214 on charts and statistics, 35–36, 195 on civilian battle support, 324 on command incompetence, 295–96 command style, 31–33 commands MACV Forward, 12, 17 concentrates B-52 strikes, 334–35 on conditions among the troops, 298–99, 309–10 on conditions for peace, 352 on conditions in Laos, 246 consults with Thieu on ARVN leadership, 265–66, 330 controls B-52s, 121–22 on Walter Cronkite, 311 death of, 369, 382–83 on declining experience levels, 288 on discipline problems, 293–94 on drug problems, 291–94, 298 on Easter Offensive, 319, 321, 331, 337 on educating the press, 224–25 on effects of budget-cutting, 125, 127–28, 176, 268 on effects of Lam Son 719, 266–67, 270 on effects of U.S. air support, 327–28 on excessive use of force, 219–21 on failures in Lam Son 719, 260 fires Komer, 63 on friendly fire, 124 on Giai, 378 on Giap, 337 on Harriman, 150–51 on importance of local forces, 59–60 on importance of logistics war in Laos, 232–33 on incompetent Vietnamese military leadership, 186–88, 276, 330–31 increases bombing sorties, 44 on inexperience of U.S. troops, 2 on intelligence, 36, 51–52, 106, 131, 142 on interdiction in Laos, 120–21, 229 on interdiction of Ho Chi Minh Trail, 88–89, 198, 238, 275 on “Island Tree” operation, 278 on Kennedy, 142 on Komer, 61–62, 227 on Korean military methods, 192 lasting effect on U.S.

., 121, 125, 144, 150, 152, 221 on antiwar movement, 157–58 on bombing restrictions, 83 on Paris peace negotiations, 91–92 and phased U.S. withdrawal, 179 on planning for Cambodian in cursion, 201–2 and proposed bombing halt, 85–86 retires, 216 on strategy of attrition, 5 on Vietnamization, 137, 163–64, 215–16 “Where Do We Let Peace Come to Vietnam?” (Horton), 220–21 Whitehouse, Charles, 55 on friendly fire, 124 Williamson, Maj. Gen. Ellis, 186–87 Wollenberg, Col. William F., 333 Wright, Lt. Gen. John: on pacification program, 149 Yorty, Sam, 94 Young, Stephen: on success of the war, 219 Zais, Lt. Gen. Melvin: on new tactics, 103 in A Shau Valley operation, 141 Zumwalt, Vice Adm. Elmo, 93 on Nixon Administration, 129, 172 ABOUT THE AUTHOR LEWIS SORLEY, a third-generation graduate of West Point, also holds a doctorate from Johns Hopkins University.


pages: 322 words: 99,066

The End of Secrecy: The Rise and Fall of WikiLeaks by The "Guardian", David Leigh, Luke Harding

4chan, banking crisis, centre right, Chelsea Manning, citizen journalism, Climategate, cloud computing, credit crunch, crowdsourcing, Downton Abbey, drone strike, eurozone crisis, friendly fire, global village, Hacker Ethic, impulse control, Jacob Appelbaum, Julian Assange, knowledge economy, Mohammed Bouazizi, Nelson Mandela, offshore financial centre, post-work, rolodex, Silicon Valley, Skype, Steven Levy, uranium enrichment, WikiLeaks

He would spend hours drilling down into top-secret documents and videos, wearing earphones and lip-synching to Lady Gaga. The more he read, the more alarmed and disturbed he became, shocked by what he saw as the official duplicity and corruption of his own country. There were videos that showed the aerial killing from a helicopter gunship of unarmed civilians in Iraq, there were chronicles of civilian deaths and “friendly fire” disasters in Afghanistan. And there was a mammoth trove of diplomatic cables disclosing secrets from all around the world, from the Vatican to Pakistan. He started to become overwhelmed by the scale of the scandal and intrigue he was discovering. “There’s so much,” he would later write. “It affects everybody on earth. Everywhere there’s a US post there’s a diplomatic scandal that will be revealed.

They identified a detachment of the Coldstream Guards which had recently taken up position at Camp Soutar in Kabul. The Coldstream Guards’ unofficial blog described their mood at the time: “The overriding threat is that of suicide bombers, of which there have been a number in the recent past.” Four times in as many weeks, this unit appears to have shot civilians in the town in order to protect its own members. The worst was on 21 October 2007, when the US soldiers reported a case of “blue-on-white” friendly fire in downtown Kabul, noting that some unknown troops had shot up a civilian vehicle containing three private security company interpreters and a driver. The troops had been in “a military-type vehicle that was brown with a gunner on top … There were no US forces located in the vicinity of the event that may have been involved. More to follow!” They updated a short while later, saying “INVESTIGATION IS CONTROLLED BY THE BRITISH.


pages: 400 words: 109,754

Outlaw Platoon: Heroes, Renegades, Infidels, and the Brotherhood of War in Afghanistan by Sean Parnell, John Bruning

clean water, digital map, friendly fire

Mortar rounds rained down on the hilltop again. A fresh stream of RPGs joined in as Galang’s support-by-fire element risked hitting its own men in the hope of finishing us off before Delta could fight its way to us. The linkup between our battered platoon and Delta had to go flawlessly. There was no margin for error here. After all we’d been through, I could not stomach the idea of one of my men getting hit by friendly fire. I broke cover and started running downhill. Greeson shouted something and came after me, but I ignored him. Delta’s rigs reached the base of the hill, and I recognized Sergeant Chris Cowan standing tall in Captain Dye’s turret, going cyclic with his 240. Captain Dye’s remaining rigs blew through Galang’s flank security and struck the northern assault element from the rear and flank.

AO Area of Operations. AWOL Absent Without Leave. B-1 Lancer A supersonic long-range bomber that when loaded to max capacity, is capable of dropping over 125,000 pounds of ordnance in one flight. BFT Blue Force Tracker. A computer that mounts on the dash of a Humvee and tracks the location of all friendly forces in the area, displaying them on a digital map. blue-on-blue Military terminology for friendly-fire mishaps. breaking contact Military terminology that is synonymous with retreating on the battlefield. call sign A nickname used over the radio to identify units and people in combat. CCP Casualty Collection Point. The place where casualties are brought during battle. chest rig Military slang referring to a soldier’s chest-mounted ammunition holder. choke point A geographical feature that forces an armed group to narrow its front, reducing both its numbers that directly face the enemy and its combat power.


The Beach by Alex Garland

David Attenborough, friendly fire, Khyber Pass, South China Sea

There were still people under the marquee — all the cooks, Jesse, Gregorio, and a few of the gardeners — but they wouldn't have tried to stop us. And I was physically able to leave. The scene in front of me had sent so much adrenalin pumping through my system that my battering was forgotten. I could have run a marathon if necessary, let alone crept into the darkness. But we stayed put. We were transfixed by the dissection of the rafters. Every severed limb seemed to root me further to the spot. Friendly Fire I don't know how long the frenzy lasted. It could have been as long as half an hour. The cutters had to fret and struggle with some of the joints, twisting arms around until tendons gave way. But at some point, I noticed that the crowd had dispersed, sitting exhausted beside their handiwork or milling in the darkness. Only Moshe remained. He was concentrating on something small, a finger perhaps, and he didn't seem to feel it was small enough.

Seeing Red Naturism The Good News Ich bin ein Beacher Dislocation The Decisive Moment Aspect One White Lies Ol' Blue Credit Phosphorescence The DMZ Zombie Fish-Eaters Bedlam Incubus Good Morning Epitaph The VC, The DMZ And Me Split The Third Man Shadowed Politics Dissent Whoosh, Boom, Zzz Ashes to Dust My Lost Shit To Those Who Wait Fine Thanks Cabin Fever Secrets Black Cloud Shh Fuckin' A Their Big Mistake I Know Abou' Tha' Cheap Shots Mama-San Reanimator Reasonable Doubt Up-ended Same-Same, But Different Spud-Bashing Is It Safe? Efforts Show, Don't Tell Spiked Don't Mean Nothing Potchentong A Loose End Something Happening Here What It Is Ain't Exactly Clear That Sound Apocalypse Now Friendly Fire But Nothing Strange But True


One Day in September by Simon Reeve

fear of failure, friendly fire, New Journalism, white flight, Yom Kippur War

“They wanted to fly to Munich and to leave us there, but Genscher and Strauss said, ‘The Israeli general and his companion are here, we have to find where they are and to take them.’”73 There were more than 450 policemen at the airfield, with state police reinforced by officers from neighboring forces and even from the border police. It was the first time in German history all the different forces had cooperated. The four members of the German helicopter crews all survived. Five of the terrorists died. One German officer was killed and several more were injured, at least two by “friendly fire.” But not a single Israeli survived. The German “rescue” operation was a criminally shambolic failure. 7 Champagne Celebrations From the moment the hostages and terrorists left the Olympic Village to fly to Fürstenfeldbruck, a media blackout was imposed on the closing stages of the tragedy. In the Village the siege was played out in front of the massed ranks of the world’s media; it was global theater.

Even now, nearly thirty years after the massacre at Fürstenfeldbruck, photographs have vanished from files, documents have disappeared, and officials present at the Olympic Village and Fürstenfeldbruck have been cajoled or even threatened and ordered not to talk about the massacre. For example, during investigations for the documentary it has been alleged that one of the pilots injured by “friendly fire” at Fürstenfeldbruck was visited in the hospital by a senior German official and offered a bravery medal on the strict condition that he never speak publicly or to the press about what happened. More recently several German police officers were threatened with losing their pension rights if they spoke to the One Day in September production team. The only German police officer present at Fürstenfeldbruck who agreed to be interviewed was Heinz Hohensinn.


pages: 752 words: 201,334

Like Dreamers: The Story of the Israeli Paratroopers Who Reunited Jerusalem and Divided a Nation by Yossi Klein Halevi

back-to-the-land, Boycotts of Israel, Burning Man, facts on the ground, friendly fire, ghettoisation, illegal immigration, mass immigration, New Journalism, out of africa, Ronald Reagan, Transnistria, Yom Kippur War

He retrieved a pen that he always kept, just in case a line to a song appeared, and wrote on the back of an envelope: “In your darkness Jerusalem . . .” The words conformed to Shemer’s melody. Meir was writing a parody, nothing more, a song for a future campfire. “Jerusalem of iron and of lead and of blackness . . .” “Meir,” a friend interrupted, “no one is going to pick up your mail here.” “I’m just doodling,” said Meir. Chapter 6 “THE TEMPLE MOUNT IS IN OUR HANDS” FRIENDLY FIRE GET SOME SLEEP, that’s an order,” Motta said to Arik, who hadn’t slept in two nights. “But first check on the readiness of the Seventy-First Battalion.” Of all the battalions, the 71st had emerged most intact from the battle for Jerusalem. In less than twenty-four hours, the brigade had suffered nearly a hundred dead and four hundred wounded. The most devastated battalion was the 66th, whose men had fought the toughest battle, hand-to-hand combat with elite Jordanian troops in the trenches of Ammunition Hill.

Arik and Yisrael each took responsibility for four families. Meanwhile Yisrael was editing a narrative history of the battle for Jerusalem. A team of volunteers had assembled hundreds of interviews, diary entries, and letters to wives and girlfriends from among the fighters. When Yisrael had a question about the accuracy of a detail, he consulted with Arik. Also on ethical questions, like whether to write that one of the officers had been killed by friendly fire. “We can’t write lies,” Arik said, “but we don’t have to reveal the whole truth.” Arik liked the diligent culture officer. He appreciated professionalism, and Yisrael was a fine editor. As for Yisrael’s right-wing politics, Arik dismissed that as harmless delusion. Let him and his friends imagine they can determine the future borders of the state; meanwhile, the Labor Party will continue to rein in the utopian fantasies of the Jews.

The paratroopers, he explained, called this the Alley of Death. A Jordanian machine gun had been positioned at the opposite end, toward which the paratroopers charged. “Over and over. When one fell, another charged. For paratroopers there is no such thing as not fulfilling a mission.” They approached the hexagonal tower of the Rockefeller Museum, and entered the courtyard. Yoel pointed to a plaque commemorating three Israeli soldiers killed here by friendly fire. The group walked toward the Old City walls. They came to a sculpture of basalt stone, shaped like a massive uprooted tree trunk, a memorial for the Israeli scouts killed on the night before the breakthrough into the Old City. Yoel told the story of how the scouts, veterans of Unit 101 and the most elite commandos of the IDF, had missed the turn toward the Mount of Olives and found themselves exposed beneath the Old City walls.


pages: 392 words: 122,282

Generation Kill by Evan Wright

Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Columbine, friendly fire, oil shale / tar sands, working poor

About this time they notice that all the red tracers streaming in at them are coming from the west, where Marines from Task Force Tarawa are hunkered down. The mini-firefight is Marines shooting at Marines. Scott’s men stop shooting, as do the Marines firing at them in the distance. In his diary that night, Scott writes a considerably more concise and less florid entry than his previous ones: “Combat was not what I expected. How we all made it out without a scratch is beyond me.” IN ADDITION TO THE PROBLEM of friendly fire, Patterson’s Alpha Company snipers on the riverfront are dealing with the ambiguities of guerrilla war, not covered in the Marine Rules of Engagement. The ROE under which the Marines operate are quite naturally based on the assumption that legitimate targets are people armed with weapons. The problem is Iraqis dressed in civilian clothes who are armed not with guns but with cell phones, walkie-talkies and binoculars.

Fick later finds out that we were shot at by Navy reservist surgeons on their way to set up a mobile shock-trauma unit on the road ahead. “Those were fucking doctors who a few weeks ago were doing nose and tit jobs in Santa Fe Springs,” Fick tells his men, laughing. “The fucking POGest of the POGs. Luckily, they’re not the best sharpshooters.” Several Humvees up the line are hit, but no Marines are injured. Within minutes of the latest near-death episode, Trombley is snoring, sound asleep. FIFTEEN ° AFTER THE FRIENDLY-FIRE incident outside Ar Rifa on the evening of March 26, Fick pokes his head into Colbert’s vehicle to inform him that the Marines’ night is just getting started. During the next six hours the battalion is going to race across open roads and desert trails, advancing twenty-five to thirty kilometers behind enemy lines, in order to set up observation on an Iraqi military airfield near a town called Qalat Sukhar.


pages: 687 words: 209,474

Six Days of War: June 1967 and the Making of the Modern Middle East by Michael B. Oren

Boycotts of Israel, British Empire, cuban missile crisis, European colonialism, friendly fire, open economy, Yom Kippur War

The helicopters also arrived to ferry Col. Dani Matt’s paratroopers. These movements went totally unobserved by the Egyptians. Preoccupied with enemy probes against their perimeter, they waited in vain for Supreme Headquarters’ order to counterattack, without which they would not move.11 As night fell, the Israeli assault troops lit their flashlights, each battalion a different color, to prevent friendly fire exchanges. But before the final signal could be given, Sharon received a phone call from Gavish. The Southern Command chief recommended that the attack be postponed for twenty-four hours to allow the air force, now free for ground support, to soften up the target. Sharon disagreed, but his response was garbled by electrical interference. The conversation was cut off, but then another call came for Gavish.

They dropped grenades into our half-tracks and blocked the streets with trucks. Our men threw the grenades back and crushed the trucks with their tanks.” Between Tal and Sharon’s forces, close to midnight and with lights blazing, passed the third of Israel’s southern divisions—Gen. Yoffe’s—en route to Bir Lahfan and Jabal Libni. Skirting Abu ‘Ageila to the north, threading through Sharon’s battlefield and exchanging friendly fire with some of his tanks, the lead Centurions of Col. Elhanan Sela advanced and turned southwest. Farther to the north, in the sandy wastes of Wadi Haridin, inched the 200th Brigade of Col. Yissachar “Yiska” Shadmi. Believed impassable by the Egyptians, the wadi had been studied by IDF paratroopers in 1956 and found suitable for tanks. Bedeviled by mines and artillery bombardments, Sela and Shadmi nevertheless managed to cut off all the major road junctions—to Jabal Libni, Abu ‘Ageila, and al-’Arish—and to stop two Egyptian armored brigades attempting to encircle Sharon.

Egyptian T-55 tanks, entrenched around the sprawling military facilities at Bir Gafgafa, held their ground in the face of Tal’s advancing tanks. As many as twelve T-55’s and fifty armored personnel carriers were lost, but the Egyptians stalled the Israelis long enough for most of the 4th Division to escape across the Canal. Sharon’s Ugdah, while bogged down in a muddy riverbed, was hammered by missile fire that forced it to change direction—straight into a “friendly fire” duel with tanks from Yoffe’s Ugdah. The delay enabled Shazli’s Force to slip out of the trap Sharon was planning; the defenders of the al-Qusayma redoubt similarly managed to flee. Meanwhile, the Egyptian air force, though vastly reduced, continued to stage sorties, exploiting the proximity of their bases to the front. “Three cheers for our air force,” one Israeli officer, a doctor identified in the record as Asher, remembered thinking.


pages: 158 words: 46,353

Future War: Preparing for the New Global Battlefield by Robert H. Latiff

Asilomar, Asilomar Conference on Recombinant DNA, autonomous vehicles, Berlin Wall, cyber-physical system, Danny Hillis, defense in depth, drone strike, Elon Musk, failed state, friendly fire, Howard Zinn, Internet of things, low earth orbit, Nicholas Carr, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, self-driving car, South China Sea, Stephen Hawking, Stewart Brand, Stuxnet, Wall-E

For example, many consider ballistic missile defense: Joseph Cirincione, “Brief History of Ballistic Missile Defense and Current Programs in the United States,” Testimony, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, February 1, 2000, http://carnegieendowment.org/​2000/​01/​31/​brief-history-of-ballistic-missile-defense-and-current-programs-in-united-states-pub-133. The random failure of a communications satellite: Laurence Zuckerman, “Satellite Failure Is Rare, and Therefore Unsettling,” The New York Times, May 21, 1998. The loss of GPS satellite navigation: “Friendly Fire Kills Three US Soldiers,” Guardian, December 5, 2001. Antibiotics are miracle drugs: Michael Enright, “The Looming Crisis of Antibiotic Resistance,” The Sunday Edition, CBC Radio, August 30, 2015. Chemicals enhance the food supply: Jacque Wilson and Jen Christensen, “7 Other Chemicals in Your Food,” CNN, February 10, 2014. British neuroscientist and policy adviser: Susan Greenfield, “Modern Technology Is Changing the Way We Think,” Daily Mail, December 30, 2015.


pages: 432 words: 127,985

The Best Way to Rob a Bank Is to Own One: How Corporate Executives and Politicians Looted the S&L Industry by William K. Black

accounting loophole / creative accounting, affirmative action, Andrei Shleifer, business climate, cognitive dissonance, corporate governance, corporate raider, Donald Trump, fear of failure, financial deregulation, friendly fire, George Akerlof, hiring and firing, margin call, market bubble, money market fund, moral hazard, offshore financial centre, Ponzi scheme, race to the bottom, Ronald Reagan, short selling, The Market for Lemons, transaction costs

He was a vicious, unprincipled bigot (ibid.). Only desperation could have made Wright turn to Prins. Wright’s other alternatives on the committee must have been even worse. St Germain, for example, had one of the poorest reputations of any member of Congress and was not popular among Democrats on the committee. Moreover, St Germain probably secretly opposed Wright’s actions of the FSLIC recap bill. FRIENDLY FIRE: TREASURY’S BLUNDER The Treasury Department did a generally low-key, competent job of lobbying for the FSLIC recap in 1987. However, Treasury made a serious mistake that provided the league with its best substantive argument. The blunder was trying to add another argument to an already winning argument: the supplementary argument ended up undercutting the winning argument. The issue was how much money the FSLIC recap should provide.

Together they ensured that the FSLIC recap would face the May massacre. THE ADMINISTRATION MAKES A SEPARATE, SECRET PEACE WITH THE SPEAKER Barry makes clear that Wright had utter disdain for President Reagan; it is also clear that the contempt was mutual. The irony is that the administration almost saved the Speaker from himself. Having already unintentionally damaged chances for a $15 billion FSLIC recap bill with their “friendly fire” assertion of the FSLIC’s purported inability to spend more than $5 billion in any year, the administration now engaged in intentional fire at Gray. With “allies” like this, who needed the league and the Speaker as opponents? The Reagan administration decided to make a separate peace with Wright. In late April 1987, Treasury Secretary Baker asked Wright for a meeting on the FSLIC recap. Baker kept the meeting secret from Gray.


pages: 797 words: 227,399

Wired for War: The Robotics Revolution and Conflict in the 21st Century by P. W. Singer

agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, Atahualpa, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, Bill Joy: nanobots, blue-collar work, borderless world, Charles Lindbergh, clean water, Craig Reynolds: boids flock, cuban missile crisis, digital map, en.wikipedia.org, Ernest Rutherford, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Firefox, Francisco Pizarro, Frank Gehry, friendly fire, game design, George Gilder, Google Earth, Grace Hopper, I think there is a world market for maybe five computers, if you build it, they will come, illegal immigration, industrial robot, interchangeable parts, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invention of gunpowder, invention of movable type, invention of the steam engine, Isaac Newton, Jacques de Vaucanson, job automation, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Law of Accelerating Returns, Mars Rover, Menlo Park, New Urbanism, pattern recognition, private military company, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, RFID, robot derives from the Czech word robota Czech, meaning slave, Rodney Brooks, Ronald Reagan, Schrödinger's Cat, Silicon Valley, social intelligence, speech recognition, Stephen Hawking, strong AI, technological singularity, The Coming Technological Singularity, The Wisdom of Crowds, Turing test, Vernor Vinge, Wall-E, Yogi Berra

One Talon was riding in the back of a Humvee while the truck was crossing a bridge. The unit was ambushed and an explosion blew the Talon into the river. After the battle ended, the soldiers found the damaged control unit and drove the Talon right out of the river. Another Talon serving with the marines was once hit by three rounds from a .50-caliber heavy machine gun (meaning the robot was actually a victim of friendly fire), but still kept working. The repair facility in Waltham has even worked on one Talon that was blown up on three separate occasions, each time just giving it new arms and cameras. The iRobot team bristles at the idea that their systems are “agile but fragile.” They insist that the PackBot is tough too, but being more science-oriented, cite various statistics on how it can survive a 400 g-force hit, what they describe as the equivalent of being tossed out of a hovering helicopter onto a concrete floor.

In an urban environment, thousands of bullets filled with radioactive dust falling from the sky is more of a concern. So the shells had to be altered to incendiary rounds that blow up in midair, but are less effective. Also, R2-D2 apparently once mistook an American helicopter flying over Baghdad for the Emperor’s Death Star. It locked in on the chopper to shoot it down, as if it were a rocket with some funny rotors spinning on the top. So CRAM had to be reconfigured to avoid any “blue on blue” friendly fire incidents. Finally, R2-D2 does not come cheap. Once you count in all the radar and control elements, the CRAM required a congressional earmark of $75 million in funding. THE NEW WARRIOR AT HOME The “war on terrorism” hasn’t just taken place on battlegrounds far far away. The result has been the creation of immense bureaucracies and massive spending dedicated to this war at home, or what we now call “homeland security.”

The early success in Iraq seemed to indicate once again that the network-centric way of war had changed everything. The previous RMA “gold standard” of invasions had been the German blitzkrieg in 1940, in which the Nazis took over France in just forty-four days, “at a cost of ‘only’ 27,000 dead soldiers.” For the United States to seize Iraq in 2003, it took half the time, at .005 percent the cost (161 U.S. soldiers lost during the invasion, many of them actually killed by “friendly fire”). Again, the network-centric crowd cited that the key wasn’t that the United States was using fundamentally different weapons than its previous war, but that the networking into information technology had proven “central to American military dominance.” The transformation movement led by Admiral Cebrowski, and embraced by those in power, had seemingly proven that a revolution in war truly was at hand.


pages: 722 words: 225,235

The Yom Kippur War: The Epic Encounter That Transformed the Middle East by Abraham Rabinovich

Boycotts of Israel, friendly fire, Mahatma Gandhi, Yom Kippur War

As the tanks descended the first deep dip in the road, a waiting Syrian force unleashed tank fire and RPGs. All eight tanks that had begun the descent were hit. Mor was blinded and lost an arm but his men managed to extricate him under fire and carry him back up the hill. Some men who managed to escape their burning tanks, including a badly wounded company commander, were captured by Syrian infantrymen. Greengold’s tank was hit too, apparently by friendly fire, but he did not feel it. The gunner, whose clothing was afire, lunged for the turret, and for an absurd and terrifying moment he and Greengold filled the narrow aperture and were unable to move. Greengold finally forced his way back down into the tank as the gunner scrambled out. Something inside the tank exploded, peppering Greengold’s face, and his clothes caught fire. He leaped out and rolled on the ground to extinguish the flames.

Morag realized that the Sagger operators were firing at the tank antennas projecting above the depression and were attempting to guide the missiles down into the quarry with their joysticks even though they could not see the tanks themselves. He had his men lower the antennas and the firing ceased. Morag remounted the road and led his tanks forward, but a torrent of missiles sent them scurrying back. The battalion from Raviv’s brigade assigned to Reshef moved into position a mile north to provide covering fire. Morag was concerned about friendly fire and asked the commander of the tank behind him to keep his eye on the nearest tank in the covering force. As he moved up to the road, the tank commander behind him said, “He’s swiveling his gun.” Morag ordered his driver to pull back. As he did, a shell exploded where he had just been. Morag asked Reshef to have Raviv’s battalion withdraw. “I have troubles enough with the Egyptians,” he said.

A dozen Golani troopers would be found dead after the battle with bullet holes through their helmets, a penetration made possible because of the high velocity of the bullets fired from upslope at close proximity. The Syrians had sniper rifles and night sights but they were also using Israeli machine guns they had taken from the outpost. More than once, Golani soldiers, seeing the familiar reddish tracers—readily distinguishable from the greenish tracers of Soviet ammunition—and recognizing the rhythm of the machine gun, shouted “Cease fire,” believing it was friendly fire from a unit that had gotten ahead of them. When they rose, they were hit. As he neared the point of contact, Sergeant Elbaz could hear commanders to his front calling on their men to charge. A rush forward would be followed by the sound of sniper fire and the sight of falling figures. The sergeant had picked up a Kalashnikov rifle from a dead Syrian. It had a bayonet attached to it, which he tried unsuccessfully to detach.


pages: 190 words: 52,570

The Planets by Dava Sobel

Albert Einstein, Colonization of Mars, Dava Sobel, Edmond Halley, Eratosthenes, friendly fire, Isaac Newton, Johannes Kepler, Kuiper Belt, music of the spheres, Norman Mailer, Thales of Miletus

This possibility launches the first purely scientific voyage, under the command of Edmond Halley, the only Astronomer Royal ever to win a commission as captain in the Royal Navy. Between 1698 and 1700, Halley leads two expeditions across the Atlantic Ocean, and also to the Atlantic’s northern and southern limits until stopped by icebergs in fog. Off the coast of Africa and again near Newfoundland, Halley’s specially designed flat-bottomed vessel, the Paramore, draws friendly fire from English merchantmen and colonial fishermen who mistake her for a pirate ship. The map Halley publishes in color in 1701 fills the ocean with curving lines of varying lengths and widths describing degrees of magnetic variation east and west. The continents bordering the Atlantic serve merely to anchor the all-important lines, and to bear the cartouches, whose palm trees, muses, and naked natives have been bumped from the busy waters to the empty lands.


pages: 188 words: 54,942

Drone Warfare: Killing by Remote Control by Medea Benjamin

airport security, autonomous vehicles, Chelsea Manning, clean water, Clive Stafford Smith, crowdsourcing, drone strike, friendly fire, illegal immigration, Khyber Pass, megacity, nuremberg principles, performance metric, private military company, Ralph Nader, WikiLeaks

In February 2002, a drone pilot reportedly killed a tall Afghan who he thought was Osama bin Laden but turned out to be an innocent villager gathering scrap metal.32 During the 2003 Iraq invasion, semi-automated Patriot missiles were fired at what were supposed to be Iraqi rockets: the result was downed allied planes. Their human operators were supposed to override in such cases but failed to do so.33 And in the first known case of friendly fire deaths involving unmanned aircraft, a drone strike in Afghanistan on April 6, 2011 accidentally killed a US Marine and a Navy medic. Marine Staff Sgt. Jeremy Smith, 26, and Navy Hospitalman Benjamin D. Rast, 23, were killed by a Predator drone after Marine commanders mistook them for Taliban. When Jeremy Smith’s father, Jerry Smith, was shown video images of the attack, he didn’t see the high-resolution images one might expect from sophisticated drones.


pages: 570 words: 151,259

Broken Angels by Richard Morgan

friendly fire, gravity well, Lao Tzu, the High Line, urban sprawl

The Limon woman blinked and looked at him, but her eyes kept tugging back towards the screen. “Get back down to the Nagini and help Hansen prep the buoy for firing. And tell Vongsavath to get a launch and landing mapped for tonight. See if she can’t break through some of this jamming and transmit to the Wedge at Masson. Tell them we’re coming out.” He looked across at me. “I’d hate to get shot down by friendly fire at this stage.” I glanced at Hand, curious to see how he’d handle this one. I needn’t have worried. “No transmissions just yet, captain.” The executive’s voice was a study in absent detachment—you would have sworn he was absorbed in the gate countdown—but under the casual tone there was the unmistakable tensile strength of an order given. “Let’s keep this on a need-to-know basis until we’re actually ready to go home.

Sutjiadi’s jitters must have sparked across to me somehow though, because as the first twist took us out of sight of the activated gate, I had to admit that I felt something on the back of my neck. It was the same feeling you sometimes get when you turn your back on weapons systems you know are armed. No matter that you’re tagged safe, you know that the thing at your back has the power to turn you into small shreds of flesh and bone, and that despite all the programming in the world, accidents happen. And friendly fire kills you just as dead as the unfriendly kind. At the entrance, the bright, diffuse glare of daylight waited for us like some inversion of the dark, compressed thing within. I shook the thought loose irritably. “You happy now?” I enquired acidly, as we stepped out into the light. “I’ll be happy when we’ve deployed the buoy and put a hemisphere between us and that thing.” I shook my head.


pages: 487 words: 147,891

McMafia: A Journey Through the Global Criminal Underworld by Misha Glenny

anti-communist, Anton Chekhov, Berlin Wall, blood diamonds, BRICs, colonial rule, crony capitalism, Deng Xiaoping, Doha Development Round, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial deregulation, Firefox, forensic accounting, friendly fire, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, joint-stock company, market bubble, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, Nick Leeson, offshore financial centre, Pearl River Delta, place-making, rising living standards, Ronald Reagan, Skype, special economic zone, Stephen Hawking, trade liberalization, trade route, Transnistria, unemployed young men, upwardly mobile

This came as a real shock to everyone—to the Colombian people; to its president, Alvaro Uribe; and to his government; and it came as a big and unpleasant shock to members of the U.S. Congress and President George W. Bush. The platoon commander, the square-jawed Colonel Bayron Carvajal, at first issued a statement describing the incident as a tragic case of “friendly fire.” It had happened at night, he claimed, and the soldiers had mistaken the unit for FARC guerrillas. The eyewitnesses from My Little Home and the neighboring Indian houses were baffled—they knew the attack took place in broad daylight and that the distinctive uniforms of the Special Forces would have been instantly recognized by the army. Far from being friendly fire, this bore the hallmarks of a calculated execution. Furthermore, as the attorney general Mario Iguarán investigated the matter a little closer, it seemed suspiciously as though the soldiers had been acting to protect whoever owned the drugs.


pages: 598 words: 134,339

Data and Goliath: The Hidden Battles to Collect Your Data and Control Your World by Bruce Schneier

23andMe, Airbnb, airport security, AltaVista, Anne Wojcicki, augmented reality, Benjamin Mako Hill, Black Swan, Boris Johnson, Brewster Kahle, Brian Krebs, call centre, Cass Sunstein, Chelsea Manning, citizen journalism, cloud computing, congestion charging, disintermediation, drone strike, Edward Snowden, experimental subject, failed state, fault tolerance, Ferguson, Missouri, Filter Bubble, Firefox, friendly fire, Google Chrome, Google Glasses, hindsight bias, informal economy, Internet Archive, Internet of things, Jacob Appelbaum, Jaron Lanier, John Markoff, Julian Assange, Kevin Kelly, license plate recognition, lifelogging, linked data, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, moral panic, Nash equilibrium, Nate Silver, national security letter, Network effects, Occupy movement, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, payday loans, pre–internet, price discrimination, profit motive, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, recommendation engine, RFID, Ross Ulbricht, self-driving car, Shoshana Zuboff, Silicon Valley, Skype, smart cities, smart grid, Snapchat, social graph, software as a service, South China Sea, stealth mode startup, Steven Levy, Stuxnet, TaskRabbit, telemarketer, Tim Cook: Apple, transaction costs, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, undersea cable, urban planning, WikiLeaks, zero day

once-secret techniques: Mobistealth (2014), “Ultimate cell phone monitoring software,” http://www.mobistealth.com. Stuxnet’s target was Iran: Jarrad Shearer (26 Feb 2013), “W32.Stuxnet,” Symantec Corporation, http://www.symantec.com/security_response/writeup.jsp?docid=2010-071400-3123-99. computers owned by Chevron: Matthew J. Schwartz (12 Nov 2012), “Cyber weapon friendly fire: Chevron Stuxnet fallout,” Information Week, http://www.darkreading.com/attacks-and-breaches/cyber-weapon-friendly-fire-chevron-stuxnet-fallout/d/d-id/1107339. industrial plants in Germany: Robert McMillan (14 Sep 2010), “Siemens: Stuxnet worm hit industrial systems,” Computer World, http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9185419/Siemens_Stuxnet_worm_hit_industrial_systems. failure of an Indian satellite: Jeffrey Carr (29 Sep 2010), “Did the Stuxnet worm kill India’s Insat-4B satellite?”


pages: 492 words: 153,565

Countdown to Zero Day: Stuxnet and the Launch of the World's First Digital Weapon by Kim Zetter

Ayatollah Khomeini, Brian Krebs, crowdsourcing, data acquisition, Doomsday Clock, drone strike, Edward Snowden, facts on the ground, Firefox, friendly fire, Google Earth, information retrieval, John Markoff, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, Loma Prieta earthquake, Maui Hawaii, MITM: man-in-the-middle, pre–internet, RAND corporation, Silicon Valley, skunkworks, smart grid, smart meter, South China Sea, Stuxnet, undersea cable, uranium enrichment, Vladimir Vetrov: Farewell Dossier, WikiLeaks, Y2K, zero day

An outsider might question why no one on the watch floor turned to the CIA or NSA analysts sitting in the room to ask with a wink, “Is this one of yours?” But McGurk insists this never occurred to them because attribution wasn’t the watch floor’s concern. Their mission was to uncover an attack code’s capabilities and determine the best way for US networks to defend against it. “At first when you look at [malware]… your assumption is that it’s not friendly fire. You don’t think the sniper on the roof is one of your guys shooting at you,” he says. “It could turn out to be … But in the heat of it, at the very beginning, you’re not overly concerned, nor do you naturally default to [that.]” But very quickly, Stuxnet became “an item of high interest” in Washington. Over the next few weeks and months, McGurk gave briefings to a number of high-level groups—to DHS secretary Janet Napolitano, to John Brennan and other members of the White House National Security staff, to the Senate and House intelligence committees, the DoD, and the Defense Intelligence Agency.

Available at cnn.com/2011/TECH/web/04/26/iran_computer_worm. 9 After news of Duqu broke, someone on Twitter who identified himself as an Iranian malware researcher in Virginia published a tweet saying that according to investigations by Iran’s CERT, “#Duqu is upgraded version of #Stars malware.” He deleted the tweet very quickly after posting it, however, and not long afterward also deleted his entire Twitter account. It’s unclear if there was any significance to the image of the galaxies in Duqu or if the attackers had just chosen a random picture, but Bencsáth thought it might have been used as a secret signal to identify Duqu as “friendly fire.” Sometimes various intelligence branches of the same government will target the same computers. If the United States or Israel was behind Duqu, the image might have been a signal to “friendlies” who came across the keylogger on an infected machine—in the course of trying to hack it themselves—that the machine was already infected by a compatriot. 10 Some criticized Symantec’s decision to go public so quickly.


pages: 537 words: 158,544

Second World: Empires and Influence in the New Global Order by Parag Khanna

"Robert Solow", Admiral Zheng, affirmative action, anti-communist, Asian financial crisis, Bartolomé de las Casas, Branko Milanovic, British Empire, call centre, capital controls, central bank independence, cognitive dissonance, colonial rule, complexity theory, continuation of politics by other means, crony capitalism, Deng Xiaoping, different worldview, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Donald Trump, Edward Glaeser, energy security, European colonialism, facts on the ground, failed state, flex fuel, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, Gini coefficient, global reserve currency, global supply chain, haute couture, Hernando de Soto, illegal immigration, income inequality, informal economy, invisible hand, Islamic Golden Age, Khyber Pass, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, land reform, low cost airline, low skilled workers, mass immigration, means of production, megacity, Monroe Doctrine, Nelson Mandela, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, open borders, open economy, Parag Khanna, Pax Mongolica, Pearl River Delta, pirate software, Plutonomy: Buying Luxury, Explaining Global Imbalances, Potemkin village, price stability, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, reserve currency, rising living standards, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Skype, South China Sea, special economic zone, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Thomas L Friedman, trade route, trickle-down economics, uranium enrichment, urban renewal, Washington Consensus, women in the workforce

London: Harcourt, 2004. Suisheng Zhao. A Nation-State by Construction: Dynamics of Modern Chinese Nationalism. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2004. Suisman, Doug, et al. The Arc: A Formal Structure for a Palestinian State. Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation, 2005. Sutter, Robert. China’s Rise in Asia: Promises and Perils. Boulder, Colo.: Rowman and Littlefield, 2005. Sweig, Julia. Friendly Fire: Losing Friends and Making Enemies in the Anti-American Century. New York: Public Affairs, 2006. Talbott, Stobe. The Russia Hand: A Memoir of Presidential Diplomacy. New York: Random House, 2003. Taylor, A. J. P. The Struggle for Mastery in Europe, 1848–1918. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon Press, 1954. Telhami, Shibley. The Stakes: America and the Middle East. Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 2002. Tellis, Ashley J., and Michael Willis.

Mark Hertsgaard has identified a number of characteristic foreign views of the United States overseas that contradict American self-perceptions: America is parochial and self-centered, hypocritical and domineering, naïve about the world, full of philistines, self-righteous about democracy, and only looks out for itself. Hertsgaard, The Eagle’s Shadow: Why America Fascinates and Infuriates the World (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2002), 21. See also Julia Sweig, Friendly Fire: Losing Friends and Making Enemies in the Anti-American Century (New York: Public Affairs, 2006). 9. Harold Nicolson, Peacemaking 1919. 10. For a discussion of the increasing costs to the United States of its alliances over the course of the twentieth century, see David A. Lake, Entangling Relations: American Foreign Policy in Its Century (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1999); see also Julianne Smith and Thomas Sanderson, “Evaluating Our Partners and Allies Five Years Later,” Washington Post, September 11, 2006. 11.


pages: 530 words: 154,505

Bibi: The Turbulent Life and Times of Benjamin Netanyahu by Anshel Pfeffer

Ayatollah Khomeini, British Empire, centre right, different worldview, Donald Trump, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, full employment, high net worth, illegal immigration, Mikhail Gorbachev, Occupy movement, offshore financial centre, pre–internet, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Stuxnet, Thomas L Friedman, uranium enrichment, Yom Kippur War

When Yoni realized the wound was not serious, he grinned. “You see? I told you not to go,” he joked. On the Boeing’s wing, a press photographer captured a picture of Ehud Barak, still in his white overalls and holding a gun, shepherding the hostages off the plane.19 Twenty-eight years later this image would feature heavily in Barak’s campaign to oust Prime Minister Netanyahu in the 1999 elections. 9 I’ve Reached My Target The friendly-fire wound from the Sabena operation was superficial, and Benjamin Netanyahu was back on operational duty within a couple of weeks. It was nearly the end of his five years of service. Throughout, Bibi had remained ambivalent toward his military career, keeping up correspondence with Yale’s admissions office. He had signed on for two additional years when there was the prospect of commanding a team and planning and leading complex operations.

In August, Begin complained, “I know about all the operations, sometimes before, sometimes after.”7 Often their first indication of developments on the battlefield came when Arens was summoned to the State Department to respond to reports from Habib and Draper. Arens strenuously defended Israel’s latest action before rushing back to the embassy to try to gather, over the phone, what had happened and why. In some cases he came under friendly fire from Jerusalem for acting on his own initiative. “We’d thank you if you would send your thoughts to us first,” cabled Begin after Arens discussed possible ceasefire terms.8 In this tense period in US-Israeli relations, the two men in charge of the embassy had between them just three months of diplomatic experience. What Arens and Netanyahu did have was their sense of Israeli and American identity and a burning desire to prove that they were equals to their administration interlocutors.


pages: 618 words: 146,557

Afgantsy: The Russians in Afghanistan, 1979-89 by Rodric Braithwaite

anti-communist, Berlin Wall, clean water, en.wikipedia.org, friendly fire, full employment, Khyber Pass, Mikhail Gorbachev, trade route, V2 rocket

The battle had lasted forty-three minutes from start to finish, apart from some brutal skirmishes with elements of the Presidential Guard stationed nearby, who were rapidly dealt with. Five members of the Muslim Battalion and the 9th Company of paratroopers were killed and some thirty-five suffered serious wounds.35 The KGB special forces groups also lost five dead. Among them was Colonel Boyarinov, who was killed by friendly fire right at the end of the battle. He seems to have been cut down by Soviet soldiers who had orders to shoot anyone who emerged from the palace before it was properly secured.36 Colonel Kuznechkov, the military doctor who had helped to cure Amin of his poisoning, was also dead, killed by a burst of bullets fired into the ballroom. When his colleague, Colonel Alekseev, tried to load his body on one of the BMPs, he was roughly told by the crew that they were taking only the wounded, not the dead.

There was a bad moment until they convinced him who they were. The wounded were then sent to hospital in Tashkent. The rest went on to Moscow. Here they were received with honour, but told that they were in no circumstances to talk about what they had done, and made to sign a secrecy agreement. The secrecy was such that medals – not as many as the men had hoped for – were handed out in hugger-mugger. Colonel Boyarinov, who had been killed by friendly fire, was posthumously made a Hero of the Soviet Union. Kryuchkov went in secret to his Moscow apartment to give the medal personally to his wife and son.35 The men were then sent off for two weeks to a sanatorium in the countryside, where they were treated for stress. Some dealt with their stress in the traditional way, by drowning their nightmares in vodka. Leonid Gumenny found the adjustment hard: ‘I was tormented by terrible insomnia.


pages: 183 words: 59,209

Pumpkinflowers: A Soldier's Story of a Forgotten War by Matti Friedman

Ayatollah Khomeini, friendly fire, Yom Kippur War

“I understood, only too well, those who refused to follow de Gaulle”: Gary’s Promise at Dawn. Chapter 16 “Not many journalists come here”: Sever Plocker, “Two Fingers from Nabatieh,” Yediot Ahronot, April 3, 1996. Avi’s travel plans and thoughts on Ireland (“a country of contradictions, just like me”) are from a letter to Smadar, May 29, 1996. In the letter he mentions that U2’s “One” came on the radio and he stopped writing to listen. Chapter 17 The “friendly fire” incident mentioned involved a Golani Brigade platoon near the Lebanese town of Taibeh on December 30, 1998. The soldier killed was Staff Sgt. Ohad Zach, nineteen. The description of the Falcon Incident (Hebrew: Irua Baz) of June 10, 1996, is from interviews with Yaacov Artom in 2014; from an account of the battle written by Yaacov after his discharge; from a file in the IDF archive titled “ ‘Falcon’ Ambush—Engagement by Engineering Company with Hezbollah Cell in the Sector of Outpost ‘Pumpkin,’ ” dated June 26, 1996; and from a longer file on the incident prepared for use as an educational tool for soldiers, titled “Ali Taher Range Incident.”


pages: 196 words: 58,886

Ten Myths About Israel by Ilan Pappe

British Empire, facts on the ground, friendly fire, ghettoisation, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, Nelson Mandela, one-state solution, WikiLeaks

The preliminary bombardment this time was unprecedented—it reminded many of the carpet bombing of Iraq in 2003. The main target was the civilian infrastructure; nothing was spared—hospitals, schools, mosques—everything was hit and destroyed. Hamas responded by launching missiles into Israeli towns not targeted before, such as Beersheba and Ashdod. There were a few civilian casualties, but most of the Israelis killed, thirteen in total, were soldiers killed by friendly fire. In sharp contrast, 1,500 Palestinians lost their lives in the operation.35 A new cynical dimension was now added: international and Arab donors promised aid running into the billions to rebuild what Israel would only destroy again in the future. Even the worst disaster can be profitable. The next round came in 2012 with two operations: “Returning Echo,” which was smaller in comparison to the previous attacks, and the more significant “Pillar of Defense” in July 2012, which brought an end to the social protest movement of that summer, with its potential to bring down the government for the failure of its economic and social policies.


pages: 281 words: 70,908

Ringworld's Children by Larry Niven

dark matter, friendly fire

She braced herself behind Louis's medical cage. Only her projectile weapon showed, aimed at the doorway. A voice spoke from somewhere, 'Tec Schmidt's voice sounding much too calm. "All hands, we're fighting from the radiation refuge. I can see invaders on the hull and in four, five, six, and ten. Our motors are burned out, but we're under acceleration anyway. We don't know where it's coming from. We're also facing friendly fire, ARM missiles incoming, sixty and counting, no alien attackers yet. 'Tec-Admiral Wrayne doesn't want us captured, I guess." "Why didn't we see it coming?" she whispered. "They've got an invisible ship! Shh." Schmidt's voice--"The missiles are veering away!"--died in a roar of static. A shadow blinked past the little door. Roxanny fired, and cursed. What came through then looked like a small man filmed fast-forward.


The Techno-Human Condition by Braden R. Allenby, Daniel R. Sarewitz

airport security, augmented reality, carbon footprint, clean water, cognitive dissonance, coherent worldview, conceptual framework, creative destruction, Credit Default Swap, decarbonisation, different worldview, facts on the ground, friendly fire, industrial cluster, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Jane Jacobs, land tenure, life extension, Long Term Capital Management, market fundamentalism, mutually assured destruction, nuclear winter, Peter Singer: altruism, planetary scale, prediction markets, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ray Kurzweil, Silicon Valley, smart grid, source of truth, stem cell, Stewart Brand, technoutopianism, the built environment, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transcontinental railway, Whole Earth Catalog

Telepathic helmets would enhance the performance of small combat units, especially in situations in which Killer Apps 147 face-to-face and voice contact is difficult (army special operations, for example). The technology blends well with, and is synergistic with, the augmented-cognition helmets currently in development. 8 It will thus increase field effectiveness, reduce unnecessary mortality (including from friendly fire), and quite possible reduce collateral damage, especially if combined with other technologies (e.g., if telepathic helmets are linked to cyborg insects, or to augmented-cognition technologies gridded across the battlefield). So at Level I it's a go. Table 7.2 Technology-level matrix for telepathic helmet. Goals and effects Enhance performance of small units in combat Level II: Adoption in Protect civilian popucivil society lations from terrorists and, through mission creep, criminals by, e.g., enabling noninvasive distance capture of thoughts Level III: Social and Goal to ensure orcultural effects derly society with low risk to citizens, and to protect national security.


pages: 221 words: 71,449

Not My Father's Son: A Memoir by Alan Cumming

British Empire, colonial rule, Downton Abbey, financial independence, friendly fire, Skype

When I gently asked her the circumstances of his death, my mother quietly described the story as it had been shared with her. He had been cleaning a gun. There was still a bullet in the chamber. He had shot himself accidentally. This was news to me. I had always remembered he had been shot accidentally on a shooting range, a stray bullet making him a victim of that particularly oxymoronic phrase “friendly fire.” I suppose my boyish imagination must have just made that up. The plot was definitely thickening. As the interview wound up I smiled at her and gave her a kiss. I knew Mum had been anxious but she had done a really good job. Now, as she scampered through to the kitchen to begin serving the lunch she’d prepared for me and the crew, I took a moment to reflect on how similar our situations were right now—both of us on the brink of finding out the truth about our fathers.


pages: 196 words: 65,045

Art of Creative Nonfiction: Writing and Selling the Literature of Reality by Lee Gutkind, Purba

Columbine, Donald Trump, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, friendly fire, In Cold Blood by Truman Capote, Joan Didion, Mason jar, New Journalism, Norman Mailer, Ronald Reagan

Box 81536 Pittsburgh, PA 15217 Page 157 Helpful Information Creative Nonfiction Reading List: A Random Recommended Selection of Books and Authors to Sample and Enjoy, from the Editors of the Journal Creative Nonfiction: Anthologies The Art of the Personal Essay, with an introduction by Philip Lopate Best American Essays, edited by Robert Atwan The Creative Nonfiction Reader, edited by Lee Gutkind The John McPhee Reader, with an introduction by William Haworth The Second John McPhee Reader, with an introduction by David Remnick Suggested Books and Authors Desert Solitaire, Edward Abbey Remembering Heaven's Face, John Balaban Loving Rachel, Jane Bernstein Bringing the Heat, Mark Bowden Friendly Fire, C. D. B. Bryan The Corpse Had a Familiar Face, Edna Buchanan In Cold Blood, Truman Capote The White Album, Joan Didion Pilgrim at Tinker Creek, Annie Dillard This House of Sky, Ivan Doig The Broken Cord, Michael Dorris The Studio, John Gregory Dunne The Great Plains, Ian Frasier Page 158 Appendix 4 The Last Shot, Darcy Frey Colored People, Henry Louis Gates The Shadow Man, Mary Gordon Stuck in Time, Lee Gutkind Blue Highways, William Least Heat Moon Dispatches, Michael Herr All Creatures Great and Small, James Herriot Hiroshima, John Hersey Far-Flung Hubbell, Sue Hubbell Liar's Club, Mary Karr House, Tracy Kidder Not Necessarily a Benign Procedure, Perri Klass There Are No Children Here, Alex Kotlowitz Cowboy, Jane Kramer Invasive Procedures, Mark Kramer The Balloon Lady and Other People I Know, Jeanne Marie Laskas Hunting the Whole Way Home, Sidney Lea Arctic Dreams, Barry Lopez Common Ground, J.


pages: 233 words: 66,446

Bitcoin: The Future of Money? by Dominic Frisby

3D printing, altcoin, bank run, banking crisis, banks create money, barriers to entry, bitcoin, blockchain, capital controls, Chelsea Manning, cloud computing, computer age, cryptocurrency, disintermediation, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, fiat currency, fixed income, friendly fire, game design, Isaac Newton, Julian Assange, land value tax, litecoin, M-Pesa, mobile money, money: store of value / unit of account / medium of exchange, Occupy movement, Peter Thiel, Ponzi scheme, prediction markets, price stability, QR code, quantitative easing, railway mania, Ronald Reagan, Ross Ulbricht, Satoshi Nakamoto, Silicon Valley, Skype, slashdot, smart contracts, Snapchat, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Ted Nelson, too big to fail, transaction costs, Turing complete, War on Poverty, web application, WikiLeaks

The one thing that’s missing, but that will soon be developed, is a reliable e-cash. Milton Friedman, economist The US Department of Defense called it the ‘largest leak of classified documents in its history’. It’s difficult to overstate how big a threat to the existing world order WikiLeaks was perceived to be in late 2010. There has been revelation after revelation – the Bradley Manning leaks, the video of US soldiers shooting at Reuters cameramen, the ‘friendly fire’ and civilian casualties, then the leak of another 400,000 documents relating to the Iraq war. WikiLeaks had caught the imagination of those opposed to the US and other governments. Many wanted to help. PayPal was the main means by which WikiLeaks was able to receive funds for its activities and, in 2010, its donors gave around one million dollars. But on December 4th 2010, under pressure from the US government, PayPal froze the WikiLeaks account.


pages: 251 words: 67,801

And Then All Hell Broke Loose: Two Decades in the Middle East by Richard Engel

East Village, friendly fire, invisible hand, Mohammed Bouazizi, Skype, Yom Kippur War

I reported from there that US intelligence officials had told me that Israel had flown fifteen hundred combat sorties since the beginning of the war and fired more than twenty thousand rounds of artillery into south Lebanon. It was now estimated that seven hundred thousand people had fled their homes. That same day, twenty miles to the southeast, Israel Special Forces launched an attack on Bint Jbeil, a town of twenty thousand. After a massive artillery barrage, Israeli troops made an inauspicious advance from the east. Five soldiers were wounded by friendly fire, and the two tanks sent to evacuate them were disabled by Hezbollah defenders—the first when struck by a missile, the second when it went over a remote-controlled mine. Then an armor-plated bulldozer attempting to rescue the tank casualties was repulsed after being hit by a missile. Two Israeli soldiers were killed and eighteen were wounded, and another two died when their attack helicopter, assigned to fly support for the ground forces, crashed on the Israeli side of the border.


pages: 254 words: 68,133

The Age of Illusions: How America Squandered Its Cold War Victory by Andrew J. Bacevich

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, clean water, Columbian Exchange, Credit Default Swap, cuban missile crisis, David Brooks, deindustrialization, Donald Trump, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, gig economy, global village, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, illegal immigration, income inequality, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, Marshall McLuhan, mass incarceration, Mikhail Gorbachev, Monroe Doctrine, Norman Mailer, obamacare, Occupy movement, planetary scale, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Potemkin village, price stability, Project for a New American Century, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Saturday Night Live, school choice, Silicon Valley, Thomas L Friedman, too big to fail, trickle-down economics, WikiLeaks

No one today expects the children or grandchildren of an American head of state, corporate bigwig, or Hollywood celebrity to do likewise. Even though the United States has been continuously at war since 2001, the Venn diagram of the young, fit, and privileged and of those killed or wounded in action consists of twin circles that barely touch. Pat Tillman, the NFL player who enlisted in the army after 9/11, deployed to Afghanistan in 2004, and lost his life there in a friendly fire incident, remains a singularly anomalous figure in recent American history. No other professional athlete or comparably significant personage has followed his patriotic example. In that regard, Donald Trump and his offspring qualify as exemplary upper-class Americans. During the Vietnam War, Trump avoided military service, this at a time when dodging the draft qualified as somewhere between righteous and commonsensical.


pages: 260 words: 79,471

A Captain's Duty: Somali Pirates, Navy SEALs, and Dangerous Days at Sea by Richard Phillips, Stephan Talty

Bernie Sanders, friendly fire

Bring the ship to the splash and I’ll come to the other side of your ship.” If I escaped—and that was a big if—I wanted to get the Maersk Alabama between me and the lifeboat. The Somalis installed me in the third seat, port side. It gave me a good view of the cockpit and the rest of the ship and I wanted to stay there. And I wanted to stay in one place, so any allies that pulled up on the scene would know exactly where I was located. Friendly fire will kill you just as dead as enemy fire. I keyed the radio and let my crew know what seat I was in. The pirates closed both hatches. I guess they feared frog-men coming up and climbing down into the boat. That’s when the heat began: unbearable, unrelenting saunalike heat just permeated the entire vessel. It was pure hell. I probably nodded off a couple of times. I came to at around 2 a.m., Thursday morning.


pages: 251 words: 76,868

How to Run the World: Charting a Course to the Next Renaissance by Parag Khanna

Albert Einstein, Asian financial crisis, back-to-the-land, bank run, blood diamonds, Bob Geldof, borderless world, BRICs, British Empire, call centre, carbon footprint, charter city, clean water, cleantech, cloud computing, commoditize, continuation of politics by other means, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, Deng Xiaoping, Doha Development Round, don't be evil, double entry bookkeeping, energy security, European colonialism, facts on the ground, failed state, friendly fire, global village, Google Earth, high net worth, index fund, informal economy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, Kickstarter, laissez-faire capitalism, Live Aid, Masdar, mass immigration, megacity, microcredit, mutually assured destruction, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, New Urbanism, off grid, offshore financial centre, oil shock, open economy, out of africa, Parag Khanna, private military company, Productivity paradox, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, reserve currency, Silicon Valley, smart grid, South China Sea, sovereign wealth fund, special economic zone, sustainable-tourism, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, The Wisdom of Crowds, too big to fail, trade liberalization, trickle-down economics, UNCLOS, uranium enrichment, Washington Consensus, X Prize

Blackwater, the notorious private military contractor, has deployed a small flotilla to escort oil and cargo vessels, while other companies are offering electric fencing and stun guns to shipping companies. Even though the gloves have come off, deploying expensive military convoys to float in the Gulf of Aden is hardly cost-effective. To avoid both an asymmetric arms race between Western navies and impoverished pirates, as well as potential friendly fire incidents among the dozen or more countries now patrolling the Arabian Sea, a more multidimensional strategy is required. On the other side of the Indian Ocean, Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia jointly patrol the Strait of Malacca, with Malaysia, Singapore, and Japan funding the improvement of Indonesia’s coast guard capacity so that it can be a stronger participant in policing the waters rather than the weakest link.


pages: 318 words: 77,223

The Only Game in Town: Central Banks, Instability, and Avoiding the Next Collapse by Mohamed A. El-Erian

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Airbnb, balance sheet recession, bank run, barriers to entry, break the buck, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business cycle, capital controls, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Carmen Reinhart, carried interest, collapse of Lehman Brothers, corporate governance, currency peg, disruptive innovation, Erik Brynjolfsson, eurozone crisis, financial innovation, Financial Instability Hypothesis, financial intermediation, financial repression, fixed income, Flash crash, forward guidance, friendly fire, full employment, future of work, Hyman Minsky, If something cannot go on forever, it will stop - Herbert Stein's Law, income inequality, inflation targeting, Jeff Bezos, Kenneth Rogoff, Khan Academy, liquidity trap, Martin Wolf, megacity, Mexican peso crisis / tequila crisis, moral hazard, mortgage debt, Norman Mailer, oil shale / tar sands, price stability, principal–agent problem, quantitative easing, risk tolerance, risk-adjusted returns, risk/return, Second Machine Age, secular stagnation, sharing economy, sovereign wealth fund, The Great Moderation, The Wisdom of Crowds, too big to fail, University of East Anglia, yield curve, zero-sum game

Even measures that can command quite broad bipartisan support, such as trade pacts and basic infrastructure development, move at a glacial pace. The reason for this sad state of affairs is simple: Many moderate politicians fear that their willingness to compromise politically will cost them in their next primary—after all, in many cases these days, their electoral success depends less on defeating opponents from the other party and more on surviving friendly fire from the more extreme factions of their own. A sense of political despair has been accentuated by a recognition that elections are unlikely to make things better unless the outcome involves a broad sweep by one party of both the executive and legislative functions. As an illustration, consider what happened in the November 2014 midterm elections. In their “shellacking” of Democrats, Republicans gained control of the Senate and took their majority in the House of Representatives to a level not seen in many decades.


pages: 247 words: 78,961

The Return of Marco Polo's World: War, Strategy, and American Interests in the Twenty-First Century by Robert D. Kaplan

Admiral Zheng, always be closing, California gold rush, collective bargaining, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, failed state, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, Haight Ashbury, kremlinology, load shedding, mass immigration, megacity, one-China policy, Parag Khanna, Pax Mongolica, Ronald Reagan, South China Sea, sovereign wealth fund, trade route, Westphalian system, Yom Kippur War

“The ultimate fog of war.” The battlefield would be made more confusing by the serious language barrier that exists between American pilots and South Korean JTACs, or Joint Tactical Air Controllers, who would have to guide the Americans to many of their targets. A-10 and F-16 pilots in South Korea have complained to me that this weak link in the bilateral military relationship would drive up the instances of friendly-fire and collateral civilian deaths—on which the media undoubtedly would then concentrate. As part of a deal to halt the bloodbath, members of the KFR might be able to negotiate their own post-regime survival. What Now, Lieutenant? But middle and upper-middle levels of the American military worry less about an indiscriminate artillery attack on the South than about a very discriminate one.


pages: 279 words: 72,659

Gaza in Crisis: Reflections on Israel's War Against the Palestinians by Ilan Pappé, Noam Chomsky, Frank Barat

Ayatollah Khomeini, Boycotts of Israel, British Empire, desegregation, European colonialism, facts on the ground, failed state, friendly fire, ghettoisation, Islamic Golden Age, New Journalism, one-state solution, price stability, too big to fail

As before there were hardly any casualties on the Israeli side, although houses and flats were damaged and the afflicted citizens traumatized. The November 24 missile attack was the one the Israeli Army had waited for. From November 25 until January 21, 2009, the Israeli Army bombarded the million and half people of Gaza from the air, land, and sea. Hamas responded with missiles that ended with three casualties and another ten Israeli soldiers were killed, some by friendly fire. A GENOCIDAL POLICY? The evidence collected by Israeli-based human rights organizations, international agencies, and media (although the Israelis barred the media from entering the Strip) was perceived by many to be far more serious than just war crimes. Some referred to it as genocide. It is not often that the president of the UN General Assembly would accuse a member state of genocide.22 But when the Israeli Army bombarded the civilian population of Gaza, invoking the right of self-defense against terrorists launching missiles into civilian targets, Miguel D’Escoto Brockmann did not hesitate to describe such actions as genocide.


pages: 676 words: 203,386

The Platinum Age of Television: From I Love Lucy to the Walking Dead, How TV Became Terrific by David Bianculli

affirmative action, Albert Einstein, Alistair Cooke, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, Donald Trump, Downton Abbey, feminist movement, friendly fire, global village, Mark Zuckerberg, medical residency, period drama, pre–internet, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Steve Jobs, trickle-down economics, unpaid internship

FIRST TV CREDIT: Guest, The Paul Winchell and Jerry Mahoney Show, 1955, CBS. LANDMARK TV SERIES: The Garry Moore Show, 1959–62, CBS; The Carol Burnett Show, 1967–78, CBS. OTHER MAJOR CREDITS: Broadway: Once Upon a Mattress, 1959–60; Putting It Together, 1999–2000. Movies: A Wedding, 1978; Annie, 1982. TV: Julie and Carol at Carnegie Hall, 1962, CBS; An Evening with Carol Burnett, 1963, CBS; Julie and Carol at Lincoln Center, 1971, CBS; Friendly Fire, 1979, ABC; Fresno, 1986, CBS; The Larry Sanders Show, 1992, 1998, HBO; Recurring guest roles on Mad About You, 1996–99, NBC, and Glee, 2010, 2015, Fox. Had UCLA offered a better journalism program in the 1950s, Carol Burnett might never have gone into comedy. She was born in 1933 in San Antonio to parents who lapsed into alcoholism, leaving her to be raised largely by her grandmother, who relocated with her to Hollywood and indulged young Carol’s love of movies and other creative endeavors, including the convenient entertainment medium of radio.

Before The Carol Burnett Show, her guest star roles included appearances on Get Smart, on several of Lucille Ball’s post–I Love Lucy sitcoms, and even on Serling’s Twilight Zone. During the eleven-year run of her series, she reteamed with Julie Andrews for another musical special, reprised for TV her starring role in Once Upon a Mattress, and starred in Robert Altman’s 1978 ensemble movie, A Wedding. And after her series ended, Burnett starred in both Friendly Fire, a dramatic ABC television movie about a grieving mother demanding more information about the mysterious death of her serviceman son, and Fresno, a comic CBS miniseries satirizing the style and content of such prime-time soap operas as Dallas and Dynasty. She also had a recurring guest role on NBC’s Mad About You, for which she finally won an individual Emmy Award for acting, and a memorable guest spot, playing herself, on HBO’s Larry Sanders Show, where she took full advantage of the relative freedom of premium cable television.


pages: 285 words: 81,743

Start-Up Nation: The Story of Israel's Economic Miracle by Dan Senor, Saul Singer

"Robert Solow", agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, back-to-the-land, banking crisis, Boycotts of Israel, call centre, Celtic Tiger, cleantech, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, friendly fire, immigration reform, labor-force participation, mass immigration, new economy, pez dispenser, post scarcity, profit motive, Silicon Valley, smart grid, social graph, sovereign wealth fund, Steve Ballmer, web application, women in the workforce, Yom Kippur War

Harvard Business School Case 799-038, October 1998. Case Library, Harvard Business Publishing. Singer, Saul. “Superpower in Silicon Wadi.” Jerusalem Post, June 19, 1998. Solow, Robert M. “Growth Theory and After.” Nobel Prize lecture, December 8, 1987. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/lau reates/1987/solow-lecture.html. Snook, Scott A., Leslie J. Freeman, and L. Jeffrey Norwalk. “Friendly Fire.” Harvard Business School Case 404-083, January 2004. Case Library, Harvard Business Publishing. Steil, Benn, David G. Victor, and Richard R. Nelson, eds. Technological Innovation and Economic Performance. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002. Stern, Yoav. “Study: Israeli Arab Attitudes Toward Women Undergoing Change.” Haaretz, March 14, 2009. http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/stages/1008797.html.


pages: 251 words: 79,822

War by Sebastian Junger

friendly fire, RAND corporation, Yom Kippur War

A spot for the base had been picked out in a field just south of the town, near the intersection of two rivers that had been bridged the year before by 10th Mountain. It was a crucial piece of terrain that The Rock had spent nearly a year negotiating for; unfortunately, that also gave the enemy plenty of time to prepare. The base would be named Combat Outpost Kahler, after a platoon sergeant who had been killed by an Afghan security guard in a highly suspect friendly-fire incident six months earlier. There was a bad feeling about the mission from the beginning. Days beforehand someone had written “Wanat: the movie” on the mission board, and the men were joking about which actors would play them. An Afghan heavy equipment contractor never showed up on the job, and the Americans’ one Bobcat had a bulldozer blade but no bucket. That meant it could only fill Hescos to a height of about four feet; everything else would have to be done by hand.


pages: 303 words: 81,071

Infinite Detail by Tim Maughan

3D printing, augmented reality, bitcoin, Buckminster Fuller, Burning Man, cognitive dissonance, friendly fire, global supply chain, Internet of things, Mason jar, off grid, Panamax, post-Panamax, ransomware, RFID, security theater, self-driving car, Skype, smart cities, South China Sea, the built environment, urban decay, urban planning

He glances up—up through the geodesic dome, now (then) whole and complete—just in time to see the top corner of one of the nearby brutalist office towers dissolve into dust, a point cloud of masonry pixels. What the fuck was that? Running, screaming. Shouting. Incoming! Walker wonders who could have been responsible for shattering a building, the dread realization falling across him that it was probably friendly fire, or another rogue round from the malfunctioning drone. Everyone is moving around him, but he’s transfixed again, unable to take his eyes off her. We need to go. No, just stay here! Don’t move! But— We’re safe here, don’t move! Just hold my hand. Walker looks up again, through the geodesic lattice of the dome. It seems alien to him, like this. He got so used to seeing it shattered for the last decade.


pages: 310 words: 82,592

Never Split the Difference: Negotiating as if Your Life Depended on It by Chris Voss, Tahl Raz

banking crisis, Black Swan, clean water, cognitive bias, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, Donald Trump, framing effect, friendly fire, iterative process, loss aversion, market fundamentalism, price anchoring, telemarketer, ultimatum game, uranium enrichment

But as a sheet of bullets from their rescuers fell on them, Gracia felt a searing burn flare through her right thigh. And then, she felt Martin go limp. Minutes later, after the last rebels fled, the squad of Philippine soldiers tried to reassure Gracia that her husband was fine, but she shook her head. After a year in captivity, she had no time for fantasies. Gracia knew her husband was dead, and she was right: he’d been hit in the chest, three times, by “friendly” fire. In the end, the supposed rescue mission killed two of the three hostages there that day (a Philippine nurse named Ediborah Yap also died), and the big fish—Sabaya—escaped to live a few more months. From beginning to end, the thirteen-month mission was a complete failure, a waste of lives and treasure. As I sat in the dark at home a few days later, dispirited and spent, I knew that something had to change.


pages: 294 words: 81,292

Our Final Invention: Artificial Intelligence and the End of the Human Era by James Barrat

AI winter, AltaVista, Amazon Web Services, artificial general intelligence, Asilomar, Automated Insights, Bayesian statistics, Bernie Madoff, Bill Joy: nanobots, brain emulation, cellular automata, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, cloud computing, cognitive bias, commoditize, computer vision, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, Danny Hillis, data acquisition, don't be evil, drone strike, Extropian, finite state, Flash crash, friendly AI, friendly fire, Google Glasses, Google X / Alphabet X, Isaac Newton, Jaron Lanier, John Markoff, John von Neumann, Kevin Kelly, Law of Accelerating Returns, life extension, Loebner Prize, lone genius, mutually assured destruction, natural language processing, Nicholas Carr, optical character recognition, PageRank, pattern recognition, Peter Thiel, prisoner's dilemma, Ray Kurzweil, Rodney Brooks, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, self-driving car, semantic web, Silicon Valley, Singularitarianism, Skype, smart grid, speech recognition, statistical model, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, strong AI, Stuxnet, superintelligent machines, technological singularity, The Coming Technological Singularity, Thomas Bayes, traveling salesman, Turing machine, Turing test, Vernor Vinge, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, zero day

These numbers show that in dollar cost per incident, financial fraud competes with the most expensive terrorist act in history, and the subprime mortgage crisis dwarfs it. When researchers put advanced AI into the hands of businessmen, as they imminently will, these people will suddenly possess the most powerful technology ever conceived of. Some will use it to perpetrate fraud. I think the next cyberattack will consist of “friendly fire,” that is, it’ll originate at home, damage infrastructure, and kill Americans. Sound far-fetched? Enron, the scandal-plagued Texas corporation helmed by Kenneth Lay (since deceased), Jeffrey Skilling, and Andrew Fastow (both currently in prison), was in the energy trading business. In 2000 and 2001, Enron traders drove up energy prices in California by using strategies with names like “Fat Boy,” and “Death Star.”


pages: 341 words: 87,268

Them: Adventures With Extremists by Jon Ronson

friendly fire, Livingstone, I presume, Mikhail Gorbachev, Silicon Valley, the market place

He fired two random shots, which hit nobody. He was 4 foot 11 inches tall, and his voice hadn’t broken. The US marshals then opened fire, nearly blowing off Sammy’s arm. Sammy yelled, ‘Dad! I’m coming home, Dad!’ He turned around to run back to his father, but the US marshals shot him dead in the back. Kevin Harris opened fire. The marshals shot back and one of them was killed, either by Kevin or by friendly fire, as they call it. ‘We were all standing on that rock that overlooks our driveway,’ said Rachel. ‘Mom and Sara and Dad and I. Kevin came running up the hill and said that Sammy had been shot and he was dead. And it was just . . . we just let out a cry and broke down. Dad fired Mom’s .223 into the air. Full clip. And Mom asked Kevin if he was sure, and he said, yeah.’ For Randy and Vicki, the responsibility for Sammy’s death lay not with the US marshals, not with the government, but with the New World Order, the Secret Rulers of the World, the clique of world bankers and globalist CEOs and media moguls who meet in secret rooms to plot the carve-up of the planet.


pages: 296 words: 95,377

Daring Raids of World War Two: Heroic Land, Sea and Air Attacks by Peter Jacobs

friendly fire, undersea cable

Reportedly on the orders of Rommel, Keyes was buried in a local cemetery with full military honours; he now lies in the Benghazi War Cemetery. Geoffrey Keyes was later posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. His citation concluded: By his fearless disregard of the great dangers which he ran and of which he was fully aware, and by his magnificent leadership and outstanding gallantry, Lieutenant Colonel Keyes set an example of supreme self-sacrifice and devotion to duty. It has since been suggested that Keyes was killed by friendly fire but, whatever the truth, his bravery was beyond doubt and his award of the VC was the first of eight VCs won by commandos during the war. Robin Campbell, who had been wounded in the leg and left behind at the villa, was fortunate to be taken as a prisoner of war rather than executed by the Germans. He was awarded the DSO, while Sergeant Jack Terry received the DCM. The raid on Rommel’s so-called headquarters at the villa brought an end to such audacious and seemingly gung-ho raids.


pages: 304 words: 93,494

Hatching Twitter by Nick Bilton

4chan, Airbus A320, Burning Man, friendly fire, index card, Jeff Bezos, John Markoff, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, pets.com, rolodex, Ruby on Rails, Saturday Night Live, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, social web, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, technology bubble, traveling salesman, US Airways Flight 1549, WikiLeaks

“Sorry, my first tweet not pleasant,” Barham Salim said in his first 140-character proclamation. “Dust storm in Baghdad today & yet another suicide bomb. Awful reminder that it is not yet all fine here.” The Time 101 Flashes of white light exploded in the air like miniature fireworks in front of Jack, Biz, and Ev. Pop. Pop. Pop. “Over here!” “Look this way!” photographers yelled as their cameras rattled like muted gunfire. Friendly fire: Click. Click. Click. “This way!” they yelled. “Look over here!” The Twitter founders paused every few feet—pop, click, pop—then walked forward as they continued on the red carpet as if they were on a conveyor belt. Coiled white earpieces crawled up the necks of Secret Service agents who stood watch over the scene. “Hi, Jack Dorsey,” a young woman said as she approached with a clipboard in her hand.


pages: 289 words: 90,176

Lions of Kandahar: The Story of a Fight Against All Odds by Rusty Bradley, Kevin Maurer

digital map, friendly fire, Ronald Reagan, trade route

The Canadian task force had also wanted to keep the jets we had requested, American A-10 ground attack fighters, in reserve, but they relented and released them as well. While Ron sorted through the A-10 mess, Jared identified targets for the Apaches droning above us, which were part of the ISAF Dutch contingent. At his direction, the gunships made runs on the heavily defended buildings in our path to drive out the occupants. But the Dutch pilots were nervous about shooting too close to us. They didn’t want to be blamed for friendly fire. “If you do not engage the targets we tell you, then we cannot use you,” Jared finally snapped, exasperated. “The enemy is within two hundred meters of our location and we need the fire now.” The first two 2.75-inch rockets from the Apaches slammed high into the grape house in front of us, collapsing its entire front. The sharp cracks of the explosions marked a good hit. As the dust cleared from the rocket blasts, Afghan Army soldiers to my right cut down the four or five Taliban fighters who came stumbling out of the building dazed and confused.


pages: 376 words: 93,160

More Blood, More Sweat and Another Cup of Tea by Tom Reynolds

clockwatching, friendly fire, hive mind, illegal immigration, place-making, Stanford prison experiment

So out came my torch and I carefully picked my way between them, my crewmate (hoof-footed fool that he is) managed to splat one of them by accident. After discovering that our patient wasn’t too ill my crewmate helped him get his coat and keys while I snuck out in the garden and started picking the snails out of the way of the partially sighted patient. I’m sorry to say that in my eagerness to save as many as possible one died in a ‘friendly fire’ incident. The patient came shuffling out of the house and, despite my feeble torchlight and my evacuation of as many of our shelled friends as possible, he still managed to step on two of them. Each one was a chain of guilt around my heart. I know it is strange to think about such things but these are the kind that go through your mind at 2 a.m. And, yes, I know that snails are considered pests to gardeners but I’m not a gardener, I think I’m a frustrated Jainist—although perhaps not as I’d quite happily roll some of our regulars into the canal.


pages: 271 words: 92,271

The Battle of Mogadishu: Firsthand Accounts From the Men of Task Force Ranger by Matt Eversmann, Dan Schilling

friendly fire

When we got back (another dry run) our distinguished visitor had already come and gone, and Gina was probably the only person to greet him in that part of the hangar. Colonel Oeser, our commander, read us the riot act when we got back, so down she came. We went out on another night mission on September 6, which is worth noting for several reasons. It was the first firefight between Task Force Ranger and the Somalis. It was also the first time I ever experienced friendly fire. The assaulters were again taking down a building north of K4 Circle. Ranger security had cordoned off a four-block area, and our convoy was parked adjacent to a place called the reviewing stand, where Aidid used to make speeches before we began hunting him. My C2 Humvee was in the middle of the convoy of vehicles, which were all in a line pointed north in case we were needed. McKnight, as was his habit, got out of his vehicle, and I went with him.


pages: 328 words: 100,381

Top Secret America: The Rise of the New American Security State by Dana Priest, William M. Arkin

airport security, business intelligence, dark matter, drone strike, friendly fire, Google Earth, hiring and firing, illegal immigration, immigration reform, index card, Julian Assange, profit motive, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, WikiLeaks

As the Predator desk officer explained, both the CIA and JSOC had their own Predators, and they had other unmanned drones, their own dedicated aircraft, their own weapons, and their own target shops and review processes. Up on the big screen in the ops center, the flight path of these clandestine missions could be displayed—if needed—but usually just a few people would be notified of any potential conflicts or overlap with conventional forces. Still, the CIA and the secret military forces wanted to be in the “fur ball”—that is, to have their basic positions known, if for no other reason than to avoid friendly fire when they were out there clandestinely operating. The Predator video feeds were in real time, broadcast on television cameras to viewers in command centers around the world, as well as to people on the ground and in the air: the army or marine unit being supported, individual special ops teams with unique laptop receivers, analysts assigned to monitor every mission, manned intelligence collection planes, nearby fighter jets, and, of course, the very deadly Special Operations AC-130 gunships.


pages: 315 words: 99,065

The Virgin Way: Everything I Know About Leadership by Richard Branson

barriers to entry, call centre, carbon footprint, Celtic Tiger, clean water, collective bargaining, Costa Concordia, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, friendly fire, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, index card, inflight wifi, Lao Tzu, low cost airline, low cost carrier, M-Pesa, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, Nelson Mandela, Northern Rock, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Tesla Model S, trade route, zero-sum game

After their brief spell of working for the government, Northern Rock’s 2,000 or so employees were clearly excited about joining the Virgin family. They didn’t have to wait long to get a taste of their new corporate culture when Jayne-Anne Gadhia, CEO of Virgin Money, and I hosted a huge street party inside Northern Rock’s headquarters in Newcastle upon Tyne, at which everyone got an opportunity to behave in very ‘unbankerlike’ ways! It was kind of an initiation by friendly fire for all the former Northern Rock people who I don’t think had ever seen their previous bosses loosen their ties, let alone their purse-strings for a bank-sponsored megabash. By the end of the night I must have shaken a thousand hands and my fingers were literally numb from the process. Jayne-Anne and I posed for scores of group photographs and the bank’s staff even got to rub shoulders with some true local heroes in the form of several Newcastle United football stars who we’d invited to join in the festivities.


pages: 296 words: 98,018

Winners Take All: The Elite Charade of Changing the World by Anand Giridharadas

"side hustle", activist lawyer, affirmative action, Airbnb, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, Burning Man, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, carried interest, cognitive dissonance, collective bargaining, corporate raider, corporate social responsibility, crowdsourcing, David Brooks, David Heinemeier Hansson, deindustrialization, disintermediation, Donald Trump, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, friendly fire, global pandemic, high net worth, hiring and firing, housing crisis, Hyperloop, income inequality, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, Kibera, Kickstarter, land reform, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, new economy, Occupy movement, offshore financial centre, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Parag Khanna, Paul Graham, Peter Thiel, plutocrats, Plutocrats, profit maximization, risk tolerance, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, sharing economy, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits, Steven Pinker, technoutopianism, The Chicago School, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, the High Line, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, too big to fail, Travis Kalanick, trickle-down economics, Uber and Lyft, uber lyft, Upton Sinclair, Vilfredo Pareto, working poor, zero-sum game

Perhaps he realized that, for at one point some years ago Hinton reached out to an iconic bearer of the protocols who was having his own doubts. Michael Porter, a Harvard Business School professor who is considered the founder of modern corporate strategy, had seized Hinton’s attention with a 2011 essay whose rather modest critique of the prevailing approach to business created a stir in a world not used to such friendly fire. Porter was among the most cited authors on business, and a godfather of theories about how business competition works and what makes societies “competitive” for business, which is to say attractive to it. In addition to his teaching and writing, he had gotten into the protocol-spreading business himself, starting a consulting firm called the Monitor Group and lending his advice to many health care reform efforts.


The Despot's Accomplice: How the West Is Aiding and Abetting the Decline of Democracy by Brian Klaas

Asian financial crisis, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Boris Johnson, citizen journalism, clean water, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, Deng Xiaoping, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Donald Trump, eurozone crisis, failed state, financial independence, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, global pandemic, moral hazard, Ronald Reagan, selection bias, Skype, Steve Jobs, trade route, Transnistria, unemployed young men, Washington Consensus, zero-sum game

In other words, for democracy promotion to take place, it usually has to exist in a framework that guarantees it will fall by the wayside anytime that competing interests come into play—as they almost always do. The United States urged the military government to return to democracy in 1999, but then needed 53 THE DESPOT’S ACCOMPLICE to ignore Pakistan’s undemocratic ways in order to fight terrorism just three years later. This, like many reversals of democracy promotion, had the inadvertent effect of killing off pro-democracy forces in Pakistan with friendly fire from the West, as Washington cozied up to a despot. But could the United States have afforded not to do so in that crucial moment? These are the types of foreign policy dilemmas that Western presidents, prime ministers, and diplomats routinely face. â•… In diplomacy, the safe but unprincipled bet often wins. Across the globe, being a despot’s adversary rather than an accomplice requires a willingness to take risks.


pages: 405 words: 103,723

The Government of No One: The Theory and Practice of Anarchism by Ruth Kinna

Berlin Wall, British Empire, complexity theory, creative destruction, David Graeber, en.wikipedia.org, Fall of the Berlin Wall, feminist movement, friendly fire, ghettoisation, Kickstarter, late capitalism, means of production, moral panic, New Journalism, Occupy movement, post scarcity, Steven Pinker, Ted Kaczynski, union organizing, wage slave

He is probably better known in anarchist circles as Hakim Bey, author of TAZ, a series of texts originally published in zine form in the mid and late 1980s.3 BOB BLACK (B. 1951) Born in Detroit, Michigan, Black has been involved with the anarchist movement, mainly in North America, since the late 60s. Black is best known for his 1985 essay ‘The Abolition of Work’. He has published a number of books: The Abolition of Work and Other Essays (1986), Friendly Fire (1992), Beneath the Underground (1994), Anarchy after Leftism (1997), Nightmares of Reason (2010) and Debunking Democracy (2011). Black is thought to have coined the term post-left anarchism, a phrase that appears in Anarchy after Leftism.4 ALFREDO BONANNO (b. 1937) Bonanno is a leading exponent of insurrectionary anarchism, theorist, strategist and activist. He was born in 1937 in Catania, Sicily.


pages: 356 words: 97,794

The Biggest Prison on Earth: A History of the Occupied Territories by Ilan Pappé

Boycotts of Israel, British Empire, facts on the ground, friendly fire, ghettoisation, low skilled workers, New Urbanism, offshore financial centre, one-state solution, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, urban planning, urban sprawl, Yom Kippur War

As before there were hardly any casualties on the Israeli side, although houses and flats were damaged and the afflicted citizens traumatized. The 24 November missile attack was what the Israeli army was waiting for. From the following morning until 21 January 2009, it bombarded the million and a half people of Gaza from the air, land and sea. Hamas responded with missiles that caused three casualties and another ten Israeli soldiers were killed, some by friendly fire. The evidence collected by Israeli-based human rights organizations, by international agencies and the media (although the Israelis barred the media from entering the Strip) – some of it repeated in the Goldstone Report, which was both a very conservative and guarded summary of what occurred – reveals the true dimension of the massacre in Gaza in that period. (The South African Justice, Richard Goldstone was appointed by the UN at the head of a fact finding mission for the events in Gaza in 2009.)


pages: 279 words: 96,180

Anything to Declare?: The Searching Tales of an HM Customs Officer by Jon Frost

airport security, blood diamonds, British Empire, friendly fire, haute cuisine, IFF: identification friend or foe, Louis Blériot

No. 1 with a Cocaine Bullet On an undercover CROPs job on the Isle of Wight, we’d had a run-in with some crime squad officers on the island who nearly cocked up an investigation of ours. The surveillance on the mainland was being conducted by both Customs and police, but on different targets. There were regular daily briefings between the case officers and the ground commanders of both groups so that everybody knew their jobs, so avoiding any ‘blue on blues’, which was the police codename for what the Army called ‘friendly fire’ or, in other words, shooting your own. On the Monday, it was agreed that Customs CROPs would deploy on the island to carry out recces and close-target recon. There were to be no other Customs or police surveillance officers anywhere near: just ourselves and our back-up teams. CROPs work is dangerous at the best of times so we didn’t need our airwaves messed up by any surveillance boys. From surveillance of the previous two days, we were 90 per cent sure that all the main targets were on the mainland and hadn’t yet got to the island.


pages: 389 words: 108,344

Kill Chain: The Rise of the High-Tech Assassins by Andrew Cockburn

airport security, anti-communist, drone strike, Edward Snowden, friendly fire, Google Earth, license plate recognition, RAND corporation, risk/return, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, too big to fail, WikiLeaks

Reaper is extremely expensive: Winslow Wheeler, “Revisiting the Reaper Revolution,” Time’s Battleland defense blog, February 22, 2012. http://nation.time.com/2012/02/27/1-the-reaper-revolution-revisited/; Craig Whitlock, “When Drones Fall from the Sky,” Washington Post, June 20, 2014. In fact, it carries essentially the same sensors: U.S. Central Command, “Summary of Interview with Captain [name redacted] on April 19, 2011,” Report of investigation into friendly fire incident, Upper Sangin, Helmand, April 6, 2011, p. 203. Association of Unmanned Vehicle Systems International: Andrea Stone, “Drone Lobbying Ramps Up Among Industry Manufacturers, Developers,” Huffington Post, May 25, 2012. Cessna operation yielded at least 6,500 captives: Winslow Wheeler, “Finding the Right Targets,” Time’s Battleland defense blog, February 29, 2012. http://nation.time.com/2012/02/29/3-finding-the-right-targets/.


pages: 391 words: 105,382

Utopia Is Creepy: And Other Provocations by Nicholas Carr

Air France Flight 447, Airbnb, Airbus A320, AltaVista, Amazon Mechanical Turk, augmented reality, autonomous vehicles, Bernie Sanders, book scanning, Brewster Kahle, Buckminster Fuller, Burning Man, Captain Sullenberger Hudson, centralized clearinghouse, Charles Lindbergh, cloud computing, cognitive bias, collaborative consumption, computer age, corporate governance, crowdsourcing, Danny Hillis, deskilling, digital map, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Elon Musk, factory automation, failed state, feminist movement, Frederick Winslow Taylor, friendly fire, game design, global village, Google bus, Google Glasses, Google X / Alphabet X, Googley, hive mind, impulse control, indoor plumbing, interchangeable parts, Internet Archive, invention of movable type, invention of the steam engine, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, Joan Didion, job automation, Kevin Kelly, lifelogging, low skilled workers, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, means of production, Menlo Park, mental accounting, natural language processing, Network effects, new economy, Nicholas Carr, Norman Mailer, off grid, oil shale / tar sands, Peter Thiel, plutocrats, Plutocrats, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ray Kurzweil, recommendation engine, Republic of Letters, robot derives from the Czech word robota Czech, meaning slave, Ronald Reagan, self-driving car, SETI@home, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Singularitarianism, Snapchat, social graph, social web, speech recognition, Startup school, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, technoutopianism, the medium is the message, theory of mind, Turing test, Whole Earth Catalog, Y Combinator

Even if their lyrics were about getting laid or getting high—as they frequently were—their songs were filled with political force. Those not busy being born, as Dylan put it shortly after taking an axe to his folkie roots, are busy dying. Now, youth culture is largely apolitical, and pop’s soundtrack is just a soundtrack. Those not busy being born are busy listening to their iPods. Whether it’s Fleet Foxes or Friendly Fires, Black Keys or Beach House, today’s bands are less likely to battle the past than to luxuriate in it. That doesn’t mean they aren’t good bands. As Reynolds is careful to note, there is plenty of fine pop music being made today, in an ear-boggling array of styles. But drained of its subversive energies, none of it matters much. It just streams by. Retromania is an important and often compelling work.


pages: 437 words: 105,934

#Republic: Divided Democracy in the Age of Social Media by Cass R. Sunstein

A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Bernie Sanders, Cass Sunstein, choice architecture, Donald Trump, drone strike, Erik Brynjolfsson, Filter Bubble, friendly fire, global village, illegal immigration, immigration reform, income inequality, Jane Jacobs, loss aversion, Mark Zuckerberg, obamacare, prediction markets, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Skype, Snapchat, stem cell, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Wisdom of Crowds, WikiLeaks

In the 1990s, many thousands of hours of Internet time were spent on elaborating paranoid claims about alleged nefarious activities, including murder, on the part of President Clinton. Numerous sites, discussion groups, and social media posts spread rumors and conspiracy theories of various sorts. An old one: “Electrified by the Internet, suspicions about the crash of TWA Flight 800 were almost instantly transmuted into convictions that it was the result of friendly fire. . . . It was all linked to Whitewater. . . . Ideas become E-mail to be duplicated and duplicated again.”14 In 2000, an e-mail rumor specifically targeted at African Americans alleged that “No Fear” bumper stickers bearing the logo of the sportswear company of the same name really promote a racist organization headed by former Ku Klux Klan grand wizard David Duke. Both terrorism and voting behavior have been prime areas for false rumors, fake news, and cascade effects.


pages: 385 words: 103,561

Pinpoint: How GPS Is Changing Our World by Greg Milner

Ayatollah Khomeini, British Empire, creative destruction, data acquisition, Dava Sobel, different worldview, digital map, Edmond Halley, Eratosthenes, experimental subject, Flash crash, friendly fire, Hedy Lamarr / George Antheil, Internet of things, Isaac Newton, John Harrison: Longitude, Kevin Kelly, land tenure, lone genius, low earth orbit, Mars Rover, Mercator projection, place-making, polynesian navigation, precision agriculture, race to the bottom, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, skunkworks, smart grid, the map is not the territory

The Iraqi army had assumed the Coalition forces would be at a disadvantage in the vast, faceless desert, limited to the few major roads and highways. But thanks largely to GPS, the Coalition accomplished the first large-scale deep desert advance in the history of warfare. Knowledge of GPS coordinates allowed tanks and mechanized infantry to move quickly, cutting down on the risk of accidents and friendly fire, especially during the first forty-eight hours of the war, when bad weather caused visibility to drop to as little as five meters. Soldiers found water sources by following goat tracks and marking the spots with GPS. They used GPS to report on the presence of mines, and for positioning artillery. Meal trucks used GPS to deliver food to troops. Special Forces, disguised as civilians, included GPS coordinates with intelligence on targets.


pages: 467 words: 116,902

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander

affirmative action, cognitive bias, Columbine, Corrections Corporation of America, deindustrialization, desegregation, different worldview, ending welfare as we know it, friendly fire, Gunnar Myrdal, illegal immigration, land reform, large denomination, low skilled workers, mandatory minimum, mass incarceration, means of production, new economy, New Urbanism, pink-collar, profit motive, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, trickle-down economics, upwardly mobile, War on Poverty, women in the workforce, zero-sum game

Department of Justice, Department of Justice Drug Demand Reduction Activities, Report No. 3-12 (Washington, DC: Office of the Inspector General, Feb. 2003), 35, www.usdoj.gov/oig/reports/plus/a0312. 35 Radley Balko, Overkill: The Rise of Paramilitary Police Raids in America (Washington, DC: Cato Institute, July 17, 2006), 8. 36 Megan Twohey, “SWATs Under Fire,” National Journal, Jan. 1, 2000, 37; Balko, Overkill, 8. 37 Timothy Egan, “Soldiers of the Drug War Remain on Duty,” New York Times, Mar. 1, 1999. 38 Ibid., 8-9. 39 Scott Andron, “SWAT: Coming to a Town Near You?” Miami Herald, May 20, 2002. 40 Balko, Overkill, 11, citing Peter Kraska, “Researching the Police-Military Blur: Lessons Learned,” Police Forum 14, no. 3 (2005). 41 Balko, Overkill, 11, citing Britt Robson, “Friendly Fire,” Minneapolis City Pages, Sept. 17, 1997. 42 Ibid., 43 (citing Kraska research). 43 Ibid., 49 (citing Village Voice). 44 Ibid., 50; “Not All Marijuana Law Victims Are Arrested: Police Officer Who Fatally Shot Suspected Marijuana User Cleared of Criminal Charges,” NORML News, July 13, 1995, druglibrary.org/olsen/NORML/WEEKLY/95-07-13.html; Timothy Lynch, After Prohibition (Washington, DC: Cato Institute, 2000), 82; and various sources citing “Dodge County Detective Can’t Remember Fatal Shot; Unarmed Man Killed in Drug Raid at His Home,” Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, Apr. 29, 1995, A1, and “The Week,” National Review, June 12, 1995, 14. 45 Ibid., 10, citing Steven Elbow, “Hooked on SWAT: Fueled with Drug Enforcement Money, Military-Style Police Teams Are Exploding in the Backwoods of Wisconsin,” Madison Capitol Times, Aug. 18, 2001. 46 Eric Blumenson and Eva Nilson, “Policing for Profit: The Drug War’s Hidden Economic Agenda,” University of Chicago Law Review 65 (1998): 35, 45. 47 Ibid., 64. 48 Blumenson and Nilson, “Policing for Profit,” 72. 49 Ibid., 71. 50 Ibid., 82. 51 Ibid. 52 Ibid., 83. 53 Ibid. 54 Ibid. 55 Ibid., 98. 56 Michael Fessier Jr., “Trail’s End Deep in a Wild Canyon West of Malibu, a Controversial Law Brought Together a Zealous Sheriff’s Deputy and an Eccentric Recluse; a Few Seconds Later, Donald Scott Was Dead,” Los Angeles Times Magazine, Aug. 1, 1993; and Office of the District Attorney of Ventura, California, Report on the Death of Donald Scott (Ventura: Mar. 30, 1993), available at www.fear.org/chron/scott.txt. 57 Peter D.


pages: 390 words: 119,527

Armed Humanitarians by Nathan Hodge

Andrei Shleifer, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, British Empire, clean water, colonial rule, European colonialism, failed state, friendly fire, IFF: identification friend or foe, jobless men, Khyber Pass, kremlinology, land reform, Mikhail Gorbachev, old-boy network, Potemkin village, private military company, profit motive, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, walking around money

This aircraft was delivering Meals-Ready-to-Eat and water destined for a Pathfinder infantry unit. I was a piece of spare cargo, and things were off to a rough start. The night before the battalion crossed north into Iraq, its staging base in Camp Udairi, Kuwait, saw a real missile attack. Startled from their cots by a deafening crack, soldiers donned gas masks and climbed back in their sleeping bags. The all-clear sounded soon after over the camp loudspeakers. It was friendly fire. As it turned out, we had heard the impact of a U.S. Patriot missile smacking into a Royal Air Force GR4A Tornado fighter. The missile battery failed to pick up the aircraft’s IFF (identification friend or foe) beacon, an electronic signal that is supposed to prevent fratricide.1 Both crew members were killed. Word of the incident spread quickly, but although it occurred within earshot, I did not learn the full details until I heard about it from the BBC (a young company commander, better prepared than I, had remembered to pack a shortwave radio).


pages: 385 words: 115,697

The Forever War by Dexter Filkins

animal electricity, friendly fire, Khyber Pass, MITM: man-in-the-middle, Thomas L Friedman

They were shooting at us, the marines and me and Ash, but we were moving and now we were at the city limits, where the streets opened onto a big, flat plain of brush and trash, abruptly, just like a movie set. End of town. So where did the insurgents go? They were dead, under the rubble, that’s where they were. Buried. Vaporized. Ground to dust. “Have you ever seen what a 2,000 -pound bomb does to a person?” an American officer asked me once, not really bragging because in this case the victims had been American soldiers. Friendly fire, Afghanistan, five guys. “We put the remains in a sandwich bag,” he said. Still, it was a curiosity that we had seen so few bodies. The generals were reporting hundreds of dead, thousands even, we knew that from the radio, but we weren’t seeing many. You’d think by then we would have seen an arm. A head. Like in the suicide bombings in Baghdad. So I’d been rolling it over, the lack of bodies, considering the explanations: the Muslims bury their dead very quickly; it’s a religious thing.


pages: 382 words: 116,351

Skunk Works: A Personal Memoir of My Years of Lockheed by Ben R. Rich, Leo Janos

affirmative action, Berlin Wall, business climate, cuban missile crisis, friendly fire, mutually assured destruction, Ronald Reagan, South China Sea, upwardly mobile, Yom Kippur War

And while that is happening a future successor of mine at the Skunk Works will undoubtedly be peddling ideas for solving technological problems arising out of nonuse of weapons—for example, how to keep silo-based missiles reliable and effective after years of sitting inert in the ground. In some cases reliability has dropped below 50 percent. Another big problem that a Skunk Works would be eager to try to solve is eliminating battlefield deaths caused by accidental friendly fire. Twenty-six percent of our battlefield deaths in Desert Storm resulted from our own shells and bullets. What is needed is some sort of foolproof technology, which the Pentagon has designated IFF—Identify Friend or Foe. The Army plans to spend nearly $100 million developing exclusive radio frequency signals that troops can use in the field at night (our GIs may give off a definite buzz), as well as infrared devices and paints on trucks and tanks that only our side can see using special lenses.


Super Thinking: The Big Book of Mental Models by Gabriel Weinberg, Lauren McCann

affirmative action, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, anti-pattern, Anton Chekhov, autonomous vehicles, bank run, barriers to entry, Bayesian statistics, Bernie Madoff, Bernie Sanders, Black Swan, Broken windows theory, business process, butterfly effect, Cal Newport, Clayton Christensen, cognitive dissonance, commoditize, correlation does not imply causation, crowdsourcing, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, David Attenborough, delayed gratification, deliberate practice, discounted cash flows, disruptive innovation, Donald Trump, Douglas Hofstadter, Edward Lorenz: Chaos theory, Edward Snowden, effective altruism, Elon Musk, en.wikipedia.org, experimental subject, fear of failure, feminist movement, Filter Bubble, framing effect, friendly fire, fundamental attribution error, Gödel, Escher, Bach, hindsight bias, housing crisis, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, illegal immigration, income inequality, information asymmetry, Isaac Newton, Jeff Bezos, John Nash: game theory, lateral thinking, loss aversion, Louis Pasteur, Lyft, mail merge, Mark Zuckerberg, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Metcalfe’s law, Milgram experiment, minimum viable product, moral hazard, mutually assured destruction, Nash equilibrium, Network effects, nuclear winter, offshore financial centre, p-value, Parkinson's law, Paul Graham, peak oil, Peter Thiel, phenotype, Pierre-Simon Laplace, placebo effect, Potemkin village, prediction markets, premature optimization, price anchoring, principal–agent problem, publication bias, recommendation engine, remote working, replication crisis, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman: Challenger O-ring, Richard Thaler, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Metcalfe, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, school choice, Schrödinger's Cat, selection bias, Shai Danziger, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, speech recognition, statistical model, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Pinker, survivorship bias, The Present Situation in Quantum Mechanics, the scientific method, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, transaction costs, uber lyft, ultimatum game, uranium enrichment, urban planning, Vilfredo Pareto, wikimedia commons

Gerry Claps, Quora, September 10, 2015, www.quora.com/what-is-the-next-step-with-our-mvp. 4: Adapted from Creative Commons image: Ghiles, “Somewhat noisy linear data fit to both a linear function and to a polynomial of 10 degrees,” Wikimedia Commons, March 11, 2016, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Overfitted_Data.png. 5: Cartoon by Wiley Miller. 6: Headlines from August 31, 2015, on foxnews.com and cnn.com. Both early headlines have since been altered, though the final stories from the following day are still available: “Atlanta-Area Police Officer Shot after Responding to Wrong Home,” Fox News, September 1, 2015, www.foxnews.com/us/atlanta-area-police-officer-shot-after-responding-to-wrong-home; Eliott C. McLaughlin and Holly Yan, “Police: Friendly Fire Likely Wounded Officer in Wrong-House Encounter,” CNN, September 1, 2015, www.cnn.com/2015/09/01/us/georgia-wrong-house-shooting/index.html. 7: Adaped from Texas Roadhouse menu, http://restaurantfood.menu/menu/image/allbrandlogo/Texas%20Roadhouse.jpg. 8: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, as cited by Christopher Ingraham, “There’s No Immigration Crisis, and These Charts Prove It,” Washington Post, June 21, 2018, www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2018/06/21/theres-no-immigration-crisis-and-these-charts-prove-it. 9: Justin McCarthy, “Most Americans Still See Crime Up Over Last Year,” Gallup, November 21, 2014. 10: Sarah Lichtenstein et al., “Judged Frequency of Lethal Events,” Journal of Experimental Psychology 4, no. 6 (November 1978). 11: DuckDuckGo, “There are no ‘regular results’ on Google anymore,” October 10, 2012, Vimeo video, 1:21, https://vimeo.com/51181384. 12: Adapted from “Addition using number bonds,” OnlineMathLearning.com, www.onlinemathlearning.com/addition-number-bonds.html. 13: Adapted from a map by the U.S.


pages: 515 words: 117,501

Miracle Cure by William Rosen

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, availability heuristic, biofilm, cognitive bias, cognitive dissonance, conceptual framework, Copley Medal, creative destruction, demographic transition, discovery of penicillin, Ernest Rutherford, experimental subject, Fellow of the Royal Society, Frederick Winslow Taylor, friendly fire, functional fixedness, germ theory of disease, global supply chain, Haber-Bosch Process, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Johannes Kepler, John Snow's cholera map, Joseph Schumpeter, Louis Pasteur, medical malpractice, meta analysis, meta-analysis, microbiome, New Journalism, obamacare, out of africa, pattern recognition, Pepto Bismol, randomized controlled trial, selection bias, stem cell, transcontinental railway, working poor

When it lands in the central nervous system, as tubercular meningitis, it causes the swelling known as hydrocephalus; on the skin, where it’s known as lupus vulgaris, it leaves tender and disfiguring nodules. And, even when the body’s determined immune system destroys most of the granulomas, they leave behind huge amounts of scar tissue, which weaken the host’s ability to breathe. Bronchial passages are permanently blocked. Frequently, the cells needed for oxygen uptake are so damaged that victims suffocate. Sometimes the deadliest attacks of all are friendly fire. The immune system’s inflammatory response, which evolved to clear out damaged cells and allow rebuilding to follow, can overshoot the mark, especially when confronted with an especially robust (or wily) invader. When it does, histamines and the other compounds that increase blood flow and ease the passage of fluid through cell membranes cause enough fever and swelling to kill hosts as well as pathogens.


pages: 379 words: 118,576

On Her Majesty's Nuclear Service by Eric Thompson

amateurs talk tactics, professionals talk logistics, Berlin Wall, British Empire, cuban missile crisis, Etonian, Fall of the Berlin Wall, friendly fire, Kickstarter, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, Parkinson's law, Winter of Discontent, Yom Kippur War, young professional

From Naval Intelligence, I obtained a recording of a Soviet submarine transmitting on active sonar and then arranged for one of our hydrosounder-fitted boats to run over the aforementioned noise range playing the Soviet tape. It worked. From the listening post ashore, it sounded exactly like a Soviet submarine pinging its way down the range. That was a breakthrough. In a dogfight, if a Soviet submarine were to hear its target transmitting on Soviet sonar, he would think he was in a friendly fire situation. And while he was pondering, we could nail him. The technicalities were far from perfect but I had demonstrated the feasibility. Ideas were now flowing thick and fast. One of the great problems with submarines was how to communicate with them when deep, as radio waves do not travel far through the sea. For example, a submarine in the deep sweeper role ahead of a surface force could not communicate with it without coming up to periscope depth to transmit on radio.


pages: 348 words: 116,848

Joker One: A Marine Platoon's Story of Courage, Leadership, and Brotherhood by Donovan Campbell

friendly fire

I knelt in the courtyard and tore the radio off of my back, frantically trying to roll the radio to the frequency of the Cobras so that I could talk to them directly. Suddenly Yebra was at my side. He knelt, grabbed the radio, and silently began fixing it. I was momentarily nonplussed. I knew Yebra shouldn’t be out here because he should have been confined to his bunk, recovering from dysentery and on bed rest. However, my worry about friendly fire was too great, so I shoved my concerns aside. Straightening, I stood back and let my RO start punching buttons. Suddenly, the distinctive pilots’ voices rang out from the handset, crystal clear. “Joker COC, this is Cobra One. We have one Marine position below us, marked with red smoke. Looks like there’s enemy in the house next door. We’re beginning a gun run now. Over.” I grabbed the handset back from Yebra, truly panicked now.


pages: 372 words: 111,573

10% Human: How Your Body's Microbes Hold the Key to Health and Happiness by Alanna Collen

Asperger Syndrome, Barry Marshall: ulcers, Berlin Wall, biofilm, clean water, correlation does not imply causation, David Strachan, discovery of penicillin, Drosophila, Fall of the Berlin Wall, friendly fire, germ theory of disease, global pandemic, hygiene hypothesis, Ignaz Semmelweis: hand washing, illegal immigration, John Snow's cholera map, Kickstarter, Louis Pasteur, Maui Hawaii, meta analysis, meta-analysis, microbiome, phenotype, placebo effect, the scientific method

This would make us return to that location – perhaps a fruit tree in our evolutionary past, or a particular bakery today – making us eat more, and consequently boosting that strain of bacterium, producing further chemicals and extra cravings. Back to the emerging impact of the immune system on the brain. When the body’s armed forces are put on high alert in anticipation of an attack, rogue bullets in the form of chemical messengers called cytokines whizz around, sometimes causing unnecessary damage. These cytokines get the soldiers of the immune system all worked up and primed to fight, but if there’s no enemy, friendly fire is all that’s left. Depression doesn’t seem to be the only neurological outcome of this immune bellicosity. People suffering with many of the other mental health disorders I’ve mentioned already also show signs of immune overactivity, known as inflammation. ADHD, OCD, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and even Parkinson’s disease and dementia appear to involve an immune overreaction. Adding beneficial bacteria to the gut, as with the people in the French clinical trial, has a calming effect on the immune system.


The Code Book: The Science of Secrecy From Ancient Egypt to Quantum Cryptography by Simon Singh

Donald Davies, friendly fire, Mikhail Gorbachev, old-boy network, Ronald Reagan, Schrödinger's Cat, Simon Singh, Turing machine, unbiased observer, undersea cable, Zimmermann PGP

I said, “Colonel, when are you going to give up on that cylinder thing?” He didn’t say anything. He just lit up his pipe and walked away. The code talkers soon proved their worth on the battlefield. During one episode on the island of Saipan, a battalion of marines took over positions previously held by Japanese soldiers, who had retreated. Suddenly a salvo exploded nearby. They were under friendly fire from fellow Americans who were unaware of their advance. The marines radioed back in English explaining their position, but the salvos continued because the attacking American troops suspected that the messages were from Japanese impersonators trying to fool them. It was only when a Navajo message was sent that the attackers saw their mistake and halted the assault. A Navajo message could never be faked, and could always be trusted.


pages: 432 words: 128,944

Falling Upwards: How We Took to the Air by Richard Holmes

colonial exploitation, Columbine, Edmond Halley, Fellow of the Royal Society, friendly fire, Google Earth, Isaac Newton, Louis Blériot, low earth orbit, music of the spheres

This is a fixed air pattern – fixed, at any rate, at certain seasons and times of day – in which the upper current is exactly reversed in direction from the lower.fn17 So LaMountain sailed mockingly back over the entire Confederate army, and, valving fast, brought the Atlantic safely back virtually to its point of departure in the Union rearguard, and delivered his report. On at least one occasion he was nearly shot by a German brigade of Union troops as he landed, an early example of ‘friendly fire’. ‘An infuriated crowd of officers and men were intent on destroying the balloon and myself … One bullet passed rather unpleasantly close to my head,’ as he remarked laconically. These flights, both free and tethered, caused a sensation among the opposing armies. The Scientific American remarked on LaMountain’s reckless courage, and the New York Times reported that he had been able to view the whole Confederate encampment right up the east side of the James River, and later all the rebel manoeuvrings on the west side of the Potomac.


pages: 402 words: 123,199

In the Company of Heroes by Michael J. Durant, Steven Hartov

back-to-the-land, friendly fire, job satisfaction, placebo effect, Saturday Night Live, trade route, urban sprawl

I twisted on the floor and tried to take cover as I heard the rushing scream of the next shell heading directly for my cell. Wham! I woke up in a cold sweat. It was dead silent except for Firimbi, snoring peacefully on his mat. I searched my body for fresh gaping wounds, then lay flat back and sucked air. The whole thing had been nothing but a nightmare. I guess I was a little stressed out. I thought I had been killed by friendly fire. Chapter 11 THE BIBLE October 9, 1993 On my seventh day as a prisoner of war, I found religion. It has often been said that there are no atheists in foxholes, meaning that even a nonbeliever will begin to pray when faced with his own mortality. But I had never been a Catholic of convenience who only prayed when times were tough. Admittedly, as a boy I’d attended church regularly with my family, while as an adult and full-time army helicopter pilot I had allowed that tradition to lapse.


pages: 394 words: 124,743

Overhaul: An Insider's Account of the Obama Administration's Emergency Rescue of the Auto Industry by Steven Rattner

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, affirmative action, bank run, banking crisis, business cycle, centre right, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collective bargaining, corporate governance, corporate raider, creative destruction, credit crunch, David Brooks, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, declining real wages, friendly fire, hiring and firing, income inequality, Joseph Schumpeter, low skilled workers, McMansion, Mikhail Gorbachev, moral hazard, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, shareholder value, supply-chain management, too big to fail

Behind the scenes I was already under fire from Senator Deborah Stabenow and others from Michigan's congressional delegation—members of my own party!—who had heard of my appointment and didn't feel I had sufficient knowledge of the auto industry to help Detroit stay open for business. Perhaps my new bosses or I should have anticipated it, but we'd been preoccupied with trying to get under way amid the seeming free fall all around us. For me, the friendly fire only added to my terror about going in to lead a team that didn't yet exist on what gave every appearance of being a political and economic suicide mission. For better or worse, history in this administration was going to be made at an accelerated pace. I could not help but imagine a disturbing scene set six months or so in the future in which President Obama, a man I admired, would have to face cameras and reporters and a lot of angry people and explain what had gone wrong: on his watch, two major automakers—iconic companies long among the largest and most important in the United States—had closed their showrooms, fired their workers, and shuttered their plants.


pages: 913 words: 299,770

A People's History of the United States by Howard Zinn

active measures, affirmative action, agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, American ideology, anti-communist, Bartolomé de las Casas, Bernie Sanders, British Empire, clean water, colonial rule, death of newspapers, desegregation, equal pay for equal work, feminist movement, friendly fire, full employment, God and Mammon, Howard Zinn, illegal immigration, jobless men, land reform, Mercator projection, Mikhail Gorbachev, minimum wage unemployment, Monroe Doctrine, new economy, New Urbanism, Norman Mailer, offshore financial centre, plutocrats, Plutocrats, profit motive, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Silicon Valley, strikebreaker, Telecommunications Act of 1996, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transcontinental railway, union organizing, Upton Sinclair, very high income, War on Poverty, Works Progress Administration

Is the American “way of life” that you say my son is risking his life for the continued “right” of Americans to consume 25 to 30 percent of the world’s oil? . . . I intend to support my son and his fellow soldiers by doing everything I can to oppose any offensive American military action in the Persian Gulf. There were courageous individual acts by citizens, speaking out in spite of threats. Peg Mullen, of Brownsville, Texas, whose son had been killed by “friendly fire” in Vietnam, organized a busload of mothers to protest in Washington, in spite of a warning that her house would be burned down if she persisted. The actress Margot Kidder (“Lois Lane” in the Superman films), despite the risk to her career, spoke out eloquently against the war. A basketball player for Seton Hall University in New Jersey refused to wear the American flag on his uniform, and when he became the object of derision for this, he left the team and the university, and returned to his native Italy.

note: Much of the material in this chapter comes from my own files of social action by organizations around the country, from my collection of news clippings, and from publications outside the mainstream, including: The Nation. In These Times, The Nuclear Resister, Peacework, The Resist Newsletter, Rethinking Schools, Indigenous Thought. 23. THE COMING REVOLT OF THE GUARDS Bryan, C. D. B. Friendly Fire. New York: Putnam, 1976. Levin, Murray B. The Alienated Voter. New York: Irvington, 1971. Warren, Donald I. The Radical Center: Middle America and the Politics of Alienation. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1976. Weizenbaum, Joseph. Computer Power and Human Reason. San Francisco: Freeman, 1976. 24. THE CLINTON PRESIDENCY Bagdikian, Ben. The Media Monopoly. Boston: Beacon Press, 1992.


pages: 475 words: 141,189

Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War by Mark Bowden

friendly fire, jitney

To David's relief, most of the Malaysian and Pakistani officers spoke English. There was little argument or discussion. The Malaysian officers at first balked at removing their infantry from the APCs, but relented when David agreed to let each vehicle retain a Malaysian driver and gunner. The various units did not have radios that were compatible, so American radios had to be placed with all the vehicles. They worked out fire control procedures, steps to prevent friendly fire incidents, call signs, the route, and a host of other critical issues. David felt a sense of urgency, but not an overriding one. He knew there were critically injured soldiers at the first stash site for whom every minute was important. On the other hand, this convoy was it. If they screwed up, failed to reach the crash site, and got broken up or bogged down, who was going to come in and rescue them?


pages: 525 words: 138,747

Love All the People: Letters, Lyrics, Routines by Bill Hicks

friendly fire, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live

A hundred and fifty thousand. We had . . . seventy-nine. Does that mean if we had sent over eighty guys, we still woulda won this fucking thing, or what? One guy in a ticker-tape parade: ‘I did it! Hey! You’re welcome!’ ‘Good work, Tommy, how d’you do it?’ ‘I pulled up G12. It was in the catalogue. Worked like a charm.’ Seventy-nine. After we had a war – we killed 150,000 people, we lost seventy-nine, mostly to friendly fire – did those army commercials even need to be aired any more? ‘We’re the army and we’re looking for a few good – fuck, we got enough good men. Screw it! We need eighty of ya, that’s it. Eighty of ya and that weapons catalogue.’ Y’all are about to win the election as the worst fucking audience I’ve ever faced. Ever . . . ever . . . ever! S’all right. S’all right. No, listen folks. Here’s the deal.


One Bullet Away: The Making of a Marine Officer by Fick, Nathaniel C.(October 3, 2005) Hardcover by Nathaniel C. Fick

clean water, defense in depth, double helix, friendly fire, John Nash: game theory, Khyber Pass, Silicon Valley

Marines walked up to them, and the hajis dropped their white flag and pulled AKs out from under their robes. Ten minutes later, some fucker was shooting at us with a rifle in one hand and a little girl in the other. My guys are trying to do the right thing, but I don’t want to get them fucking killed in the process. There’s a bunch of dead Marines on the road in town. You’ll see ’em when we roll through.” “What happened?” “Depends who you ask. RPG ambush. Friendly fire from an A-10. Hell if I know.” We had spent the day making veterans. Most of the Marine Corps had gone ten years without a real fight. I hoped we were up the steep part of the learning curve already. General Mattis had told us to survive the first five days in combat, the most dangerous days. That left four more. Just a day before, Marines talked about this being a repeat of the hundred-hour war.


The America That Reagan Built by J. David Woodard

affirmative action, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Bonfire of the Vanities, business cycle, colonial rule, Columbine, corporate raider, cuban missile crisis, Deng Xiaoping, friendly fire, glass ceiling, global village, Gordon Gekko, gun show loophole, income inequality, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, laissez-faire capitalism, late capitalism, Live Aid, Marc Andreessen, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, Neil Kinnock, Nelson Mandela, new economy, postindustrial economy, Ralph Nader, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Rubik’s Cube, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, stem cell, Ted Kaczynski, The Predators' Ball, trickle-down economics, women in the workforce, Y2K, young professional

The American troops had been told that the Russian-made T-72 tank was almost unbeatable, but in actual combat it was no match for the M1A1 Abrams. Early in the morning of February 26, 1991, Lieutenant Colonel Pat Ritter’s battalion encountered one of the best Republican Guard units at a map location known as 73 Easting. The Americans took hits on their lightly armored Bradley fighting vehicles, and some of it was later shown to be ‘‘friendly fire’’ from American units. But the Iraqis suffered casualties like in a horror movie. After the battle, the Americans found fifteen T-72 tanks, eleven armored fighting vehicles, an anti-aircraft gun, and four tanks all burning from direct hits.34 After several such encounters, Saddam issued a general retreat order to save as much of his army as fast as he could. When U.S. commanders heard that the enemy was pulling out, F-15 planes turned the road from Kuwait City to Basra into ‘‘the highway of death.’’


The Hour of Fate by Susan Berfield

bank run, buy and hold, capital controls, collective bargaining, friendly fire, Howard Zinn, income inequality, new economy, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Simon Kuznets, strikebreaker, the market place, transcontinental railway, wage slave, working poor

Some two thousand people, the mayor among them, showed up to hear speeches that by all accounts were unobjectionable. By the time a more provocative speaker took the stage, it was late, a storm approached, the mayor had returned home, and only about three hundred people remained. Then one hundred eighty policemen arrived in formation. A bomb exploded in their midst. The police fired into the crowd, wounding dozens and killing several. Sixty-seven officers were injured, many from friendly fire, and eight later died. The prominent businessmen George Pullman and Marshall Field were among those who secretly funded the police investigation and the prosecution. Roosevelt, still in Medora in May, was unwilling to distinguish the strikers from the anarchists. He didn’t support their cause or approve of their methods. Social disorder alarmed him, a violent response didn’t. “My men here39 are hardworking, laboring men who work longer hours for no greater wages than many of the strikers,” he wrote to Bamie.


pages: 514 words: 153,274

The Cobweb by Neal Stephenson, J. Frederick George

Ayatollah Khomeini, computer age, cuban missile crisis, friendly fire, illegal immigration, industrial robot, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, uranium enrichment, éminence grise

He had hardly slept in three days, since the ground war had been launched and Desiree’s unit had gone thundering forward into Iraq. Casualties were light. But earlier today he had seen a report that several members of Desiree’s division had been killed when they had hit a mine in their Humvee. They were medics who had been coming to the aid of an armored personnel carrier that had been struck by friendly fire. At least two of the dead medics were female. As soon as Clyde had heard this report, he had known in his heart that Desiree had been in that Humvee—probably driving it. That would be just like her. He had called the Pentagon hot line for families of servicepeople over and over, but it was always busy. Right now at least a couple of dozen Dhonts were awake around Forks County, hitting the auto redial buttons on their telephones, trying to get through.


pages: 613 words: 151,140

No Such Thing as Society by Andy McSmith

anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Bob Geldof, Boris Johnson, British Empire, Brixton riot, call centre, cuban missile crisis, Etonian, F. W. de Klerk, Farzad Bazoft, feminist movement, fixed income, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, full employment, glass ceiling, God and Mammon, greed is good, illegal immigration, index card, John Bercow, Kickstarter, liberal capitalism, light touch regulation, Live Aid, loadsamoney, long peace, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, mortgage debt, mutually assured destruction, negative equity, Neil Kinnock, Nelson Mandela, North Sea oil, Northern Rock, old-boy network, popular capitalism, Right to Buy, Ronald Reagan, Rubik’s Cube, Sloane Ranger, South Sea Bubble, spread of share-ownership, strikebreaker, The Chicago School, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban decay, Winter of Discontent, young professional

I thought it was a deliberate counterattack against the mass of opinion of this country on the part of the pacifist, liberal wet establishment.’ Fellow Tory Sir John Biggs-Davison thought: ‘it was revolting for cringing clergy to misuse St Paul’s to throw doubt upon the sacrifices of our fighting men’.55 Mrs Thatcher’s government allowed no bad news stories from the Falklands to spoil the sweet taste of victory. It was essential, for instance, that no one should know that four of the British dead had been killed by ‘friendly fire’. On 6 June, as troops were landing on East Falkland, a Gazelle helicopter was dispatched to Goose Green to collect two passengers. Seven minutes later, it was shot down, killing everyone on board. An inquest held in Southampton in December was told that it had been hit by an Argentine missile. This was not true, as the Ministry of Defence well knew; fragments found at the scene showed that the fatal missile was a Sea Dart fired from HMS Cardiff The truth was quietly slipped out in answer to a written question in the Commons four years later.56 When the navy eventually held an inquiry in November 1986, it established that the helicopter did not have its identification system switched on, so the navy assumed, without checking, that it must be Argentinian.


pages: 509 words: 153,061

The Gamble: General David Petraeus and the American Military Adventure in Iraq, 2006-2008 by Thomas E. Ricks

amateurs talk tactics, professionals talk logistics, Berlin Wall, facts on the ground, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, friendly fire, interchangeable parts, open borders, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, traveling salesman

Looking back on it now from the United States, Wallace said, “I feel guilty. I keep thinking there were a hundred things I could have done to prevent it.” He is scheduled to return to Iraq in November of 2009. When Efflandt left the battalion in 2008, his officers memorialized his command tour in Iraq with a print of Gen. Meade at Gettysburg titled Stand and Fight It Out. Sporadic fighting would continue in Tarmiyah through that year, at one point leading to a friendly fire shootout between American soldiers and Iraqi soldiers and police, killing 6 of the Iraqis. BLACK THURSDAY As the surge intensified, with the majority of the additional brigades in country, the situation actually worsened. Thursday, April 12, stands as perhaps the toughest day of this period. The previous day, news had broken in Washington that three retired generals had turned town the job of coordinating Iraq policy for the White House.


pages: 473 words: 156,146

They Gave Me a Seafire by Commander R 'Mike' Crosley Dsc Rn

friendly fire, IFF: identification friend or foe, Isaac Newton, traveling salesman

We kept going downhill towards the glow. Coming round a corner at the bottom, we saw a brilliant bonfire. It turned out to be the rum store. Rum was pouring down the walls and windows, and, being already mixed with the right amount of water from the fire hoses, made a nice drink. So we settled down to a few grogs, our Petty Officer having gone off to find us some damage to control. We enjoyed ourselves, warmed by the friendly fire, and watching the sparks fly skywards as the grog slid smoothly down our throats. After about six doubles and when the Gosport fire brigade had put out the fire, we wound our way back to St. Vincent, the happiest bunch of neo-sailors that had ever been on Damage Control and only just in control of ourselves, too, as we came through the gates under the suspicious eye of the Duty Chief Petty Officer.


pages: 566 words: 155,428

After the Music Stopped: The Financial Crisis, the Response, and the Work Ahead by Alan S. Blinder

"Robert Solow", Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, asset-backed security, bank run, banking crisis, banks create money, break the buck, Carmen Reinhart, central bank independence, collapse of Lehman Brothers, collateralized debt obligation, conceptual framework, corporate governance, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, Detroit bankruptcy, diversification, double entry bookkeeping, eurozone crisis, facts on the ground, financial innovation, fixed income, friendly fire, full employment, hiring and firing, housing crisis, Hyman Minsky, illegal immigration, inflation targeting, interest rate swap, Isaac Newton, Kenneth Rogoff, liquidity trap, London Interbank Offered Rate, Long Term Capital Management, market bubble, market clearing, market fundamentalism, McMansion, money market fund, moral hazard, naked short selling, new economy, Nick Leeson, Northern Rock, Occupy movement, offshore financial centre, price mechanism, quantitative easing, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, short selling, South Sea Bubble, statistical model, the payments system, time value of money, too big to fail, working-age population, yield curve, Yogi Berra

Republicans didn’t like that idea, either; it was more government spending, not tax cuts. And a third big piece would be aid to state and local governments, so they would not have to slash their payrolls and raise taxes as much. Republicans opposed that, too, claiming it would not stimulate the economy. (How come? Aren’t government jobs jobs?) And then there were the three Ts. Despite some external criticisms, including some friendly fire, the administration-in-waiting argued that the need for stimulus was likely to be far less temporary than in past recessions—after all, this one looked like a whopper, both very long and very deep. (Good point.) That thought, in turn, made infrastructure spending a more plausible candidate for stimulus. (Also a good point.) Even if the spend-out took two years, the economy would probably still need support in 2011.


pages: 688 words: 147,571

Robot Rules: Regulating Artificial Intelligence by Jacob Turner

Ada Lovelace, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, AI winter, algorithmic trading, artificial general intelligence, Asilomar, Asilomar Conference on Recombinant DNA, autonomous vehicles, Basel III, bitcoin, blockchain, brain emulation, Clapham omnibus, cognitive dissonance, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, correlation does not imply causation, crowdsourcing, distributed ledger, don't be evil, Donald Trump, easy for humans, difficult for computers, effective altruism, Elon Musk, financial exclusion, financial innovation, friendly fire, future of work, hive mind, Internet of things, iterative process, job automation, John Markoff, John von Neumann, Loebner Prize, medical malpractice, Nate Silver, natural language processing, nudge unit, obamacare, off grid, pattern recognition, Peace of Westphalia, race to the bottom, Ray Kurzweil, Rodney Brooks, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Stanislav Petrov, Stephen Hawking, Steve Wozniak, strong AI, technological singularity, Tesla Model S, The Coming Technological Singularity, The Future of Employment, The Signal and the Noise by Nate Silver, Turing test, Vernor Vinge

A 2016 report of the US Department of Defense research division explored the potential for AI to become a cornerstone of US defense policy.89 A 2017 Chatham House Report concluded that militaries around the world were developing AI weapons capabilities “that could make them capable of undertaking tasks and missions on their own”.90 Allowing AI to kill targets without human intervention remains one of its most controversial potential uses. At the time of writing the most lethal known use of autonomous ground-based weapons was in a friendly fire incident, when a South African artillery cannon malfunctioned and killed nine soldiers.91 It is unlikely to be long before enemies too are in the crosshairs. Robots can care as well as kill. Increasingly sophisticated AI systems are being used to provide physical and emotional support to older people in Israel and Japan,92 a trend which is surely likely to grow, both in those countries and elsewhere as the richer world continues to adapt to ageing populations.


pages: 513 words: 156,022

Dictatorland: The Men Who Stole Africa by Paul Kenyon

agricultural Revolution, anti-communist, British Empire, centre right, clean water, colonial rule, Etonian, European colonialism, falling living standards, friendly fire, land reform, mandatory minimum, Nelson Mandela, Norman Mailer, offshore financial centre, oil rush, oil shale / tar sands, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Scramble for Africa, transatlantic slave trade, Yom Kippur War

They hit it, and the vehicle burst into flames. With the pass now blocked, the rest of the convoy was trapped behind it. A hellish scene unfolded. The Ethiopians, realizing the whole of Afabet was surrounded, began to shell their own tanks and artillery to prevent them falling into the hands of the EPLF. Men leapt from blazing tanks, hair and clothes on fire, screaming for help, but meeting further friendly fire. As the panicking Ethiopian troops tried to escape, they ran straight into the EPLF line. EPLF forces swept through Afabet, tightening the noose, fighting house to house while the civilian population hid in their homes. When they arrived at the narrow mountain pass with the burning tanks they found smoldering skeletons by the side of the road. Three days later Mesfin radioed Isaias at Nakfa headquarters to report a remarkable victory.


pages: 528 words: 157,969

Children of Time by Adrian Tchaikovsky

cloud computing, experimental subject, friendly fire, gravity well, hive mind, pattern recognition, prisoner's dilemma

The spiders were emerging then, racing along the curve of the hull with a speed that laughed at Karst’s plodding progress. Others were steering down from above, where they had been drifting at the end of more thread, climbing up against the outwards force of the rotating section; climbing to where they could leap on Karst and his men. Karst’s upraised gun/glove, at the corner of his camera, flashed and flared, trying to track the new targets, killing at least one. They saw one of Karst’s people being hit by friendly fire, boots torn off the hull by the impact, falling away from the ship to end up jerking on the end of an unseen line, as an eight-legged monster came inching up towards his helpless, flailing form. Men and women were shouting, shooting, screaming, trying to run away at their leaden, crippled pace. Karst stumbled back two heavy paces, still shooting, seeing his helmet display record the remaining rounds in his helical magazine.


pages: 522 words: 150,592

Atlantic: Great Sea Battles, Heroic Discoveries, Titanic Storms & a Vast Ocean of a Million Stories by Simon Winchester

British Empire, cable laying ship, Charles Lindbergh, colonial rule, friendly fire, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), intermodal, Isaac Newton, Louis Blériot, Malcom McLean invented shipping containers, Nelson Mandela, North Sea oil, Piper Alpha, polynesian navigation, supervolcano, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, transcontinental railway, undersea cable

The first such confrontation came at a battle known only by its date—the Action of the 18th September 1639—and it took place in the English Channel, between the navies of Holland and Spain. Up until this point all naval confrontations were highly chaotic affairs,47 spray-filled donnybrooks with the sailing vessels ponderously wheeling and turning this way and that in a furious melee, colliding with one another, firing at each other from guns mounted in the bows, not infrequently committing friendly-fire errors, sending flag signals to one another that could not be seen through the smoke, with each master taking his own chance to fight through the fracas as he saw fit. But in the 1639 battle, the Dutch commander decided on the simple idea of standing all his vessels in a line, such that their sides all faced the enemy fleet—and opened fire with broadside after broadside, sending a withering cannonade of shot directly at any Spanish ship within range.


pages: 475 words: 149,310

Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire by Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri

affirmative action, Berlin Wall, Bretton Woods, British Empire, business cycle, conceptual framework, continuation of politics by other means, David Graeber, Defenestration of Prague, deskilling, Fall of the Berlin Wall, feminist movement, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, global village, Howard Rheingold, Howard Zinn, illegal immigration, Joseph Schumpeter, land reform, land tenure, late capitalism, liberation theology, means of production, Naomi Klein, new economy, Paul Samuelson, post-work, private military company, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, reserve currency, Richard Stallman, Slavoj Žižek, The Chicago School, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, Thomas Malthus, Thorstein Veblen, Tobin tax, transaction costs, union organizing, War on Poverty, Washington Consensus

War thus becomes virtual from the technological point of view and bodyless from the military point of view; the bodies of U.S. soldiers are kept free of risk, the enemy combatants are killed efficiently and invisibly.63 There are, however, significant and growing contradictions in this technologist view of war associated with the RMA. First, at the simple level of fact, one has to question whether this ideology of war corresponds to reality. Doubts are raised, for example, by the continuing high level of “collateral damage” (when will they manage to perfect the technology?), the disproportionate number of U.S. and Allied troops lost to “friendly fire” (when will they better coordinate the information and command structures?), and the unending problems military forces face while conducting the “democratic transition” that follows after “regime change” (when will they train the army better in the social, political, and cultural tasks of nation building?). To what extent is all that even possible? Eventually, as such contradictions persist and accumulate, the ideology will become increasingly difficult to maintain.


pages: 477 words: 144,329

How Money Became Dangerous by Christopher Varelas

activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Airbnb, airport security, barriers to entry, basic income, bitcoin, blockchain, Bonfire of the Vanities, California gold rush, cashless society, corporate raider, crack epidemic, cryptocurrency, discounted cash flows, disintermediation, diversification, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, dumpster diving, fiat currency, fixed income, friendly fire, full employment, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, interest rate derivative, John Meriwether, Kickstarter, Long Term Capital Management, mandatory minimum, mobile money, mortgage debt, pensions crisis, pets.com, pre–internet, profit motive, risk tolerance, Saturday Night Live, shareholder value, side project, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, technology bubble, The Predators' Ball, too big to fail, universal basic income, zero day

But now”—he had been moving through the room slowly, and at this point he arrived directly behind the condemned gentleman, putting a hand on his shoulder as he continued—“now the technology has gotten so precise that not only can I eliminate this gentleman alone, but it is expected—it is demanded—that no other casualties will occur.” He walked back to the podium through the crowd, the only sound in the room the clinking of flatware. “Operation Desert Storm,” he continued, “changed everything. We sent fifty thousand body bags to the Middle East to prepare for American casualties, but we lost very few soldiers—many of them from friendly fire. That changed the whole expectation around warfare. Now we believe we can fight a war without casualties.” This particular luncheon was in a hotel banquet room in Manhattan, the fourth stop on the road show. The purpose of these events was to schmooze and tell the story of the company, to show off some of the more impressive weapons, gadgets, and technologies, and hopefully stir up enough excitement and interest that the investors would drive up the share price.


pages: 1,208 words: 364,966

Pity the Nation: Lebanon at War by Robert Fisk

airport security, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, British Empire, colonial rule, friendly fire, haute couture, mass immigration, Mikhail Gorbachev, open economy, Ronald Reagan, Yom Kippur War

In west Beirut, we had seen Israeli troops stealing property from houses near the airport; video players, radios, televisions. When I accompanied a British citizen back to the home he had abandoned during fighting near Chatila, we found that the Israeli troops billeted in his house had smeared Hebrew graffiti on the walls with excrement. Examples of Israeli indiscipline were matched by evidence of their incompetence. Twenty per cent of their casualties during the 1982 invasion, it now emerged, had been caused by ‘friendly fire’, by their own rifles, tanks and aircraft. US officials were quoted as describing the Israeli army as ‘an inept, undisciplined horde’.* Even the Israeli air force had managed to kill 34 of its own soldiers in an air attack in the Bekaa Valley.† In Israel, the police discovered that 4,000 hand grenades, 300 Galil rifles, 200 M-16 rifles, seven bazookas, 45 light mortars and two heavy machine-guns had been filched from Israeli army stores in Lebanon and were presumed to be in private Israeli hands.‡ Israeli troops were found leaving Lebanon with hashish bought in the Bekaa.

But the resistance overwhelmed entire platoons of Lahd’s ‘South Lebanon Army’ and the Israelis were still keeping hundreds of occupation troops in the far south of Lebanon in 1990. * Obeid was to be kidnapped from his Jibchit home by Israeli troops in July 1989, an abduction which led to the murder of American UN hostage Col. William Higgins and a death threat against a second US captive. * See the conservative Washington Times, 27 August 1984: ‘Israeli "ineptitude" blamed for “friendly fire” casualties’. † I learned this quite by accident. Studying a list of Israeli military awards for the 1982 invasion, I noticed medals for courage under air attack. Dr Moshe Daniel, an Israeli army battalion medical officer, for example, received a citation from the Israeli chief of staff for treating and evacuating wounded Israelis after an air strike south of Lake Karaoun on 10 June 1982 (Awards ‘for service above and beyond the call of duty’, published Israel, 30 March 1983).


pages: 546 words: 176,169

The Cold War by Robert Cowley

anti-communist, Berlin Wall, British Empire, cuban missile crisis, defense in depth, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Doomsday Clock, friendly fire, Henry Ford's grandson gave labor union leader Walter Reuther a tour of the company’s new, automated factory…, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, mutually assured destruction, RAND corporation, refrigerator car, Ronald Reagan, South China Sea, Stanislav Petrov, transcontinental railway

The latest versions used in Korea, the F4U-5 and AG-1, were armed with four 20mm cannon, carried over five thousand pounds of bombs and rockets, and could absorb extremely high levels of damage. Their marine pilots delivered the mail quickly, spectacularly, and with what seemed like millimetric accuracy. Over half their strikes were within a half mile of the front lines. This was in sharp contrast to an air force whose difficulties with air–ground coordination resulted in numerous cases of friendly fire, the most notable being the napalming of a British battalion on September 23, 1950. Air support for MacArthur's end-run amphibious landing at Inchon was a marine-and-navy show—and a showcase. The newly organized 1st Marine Division and its army stablemate, the 7th Division, enjoyed air power à la carte. Ground-control parties could summon almost at will Corsairs and Skyraiders already in orbit with full combat loads.


pages: 780 words: 168,782

Strange Rebels: 1979 and the Birth of the 21st Century by Christian Caryl

anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Bretton Woods, British Empire, colonial rule, Deng Xiaoping, financial deregulation, financial independence, friendly fire, full employment, income inequality, industrial robot, Internet Archive, Kickstarter, land reform, land tenure, liberal capitalism, liberation theology, Mahatma Gandhi, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, Mohammed Bouazizi, Mont Pelerin Society, Neil Kinnock, new economy, New Urbanism, oil shock, open borders, open economy, Pearl River Delta, plutocrats, Plutocrats, price stability, rent control, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, single-payer health, special economic zone, The Chicago School, union organizing, upwardly mobile, Winter of Discontent, Xiaogang Anhui farmers, Yom Kippur War

At the Lubyanka, the KGB headquarters on Dzerzhinsky Square in Moscow,28 Andropov opted for a break with tradition. In the years before, the Soviet secret police had made a tradition of honoring operatives who lost their lives in the line of duty by hanging portraits of them in the buildings corridor’s. But the chaotic assault on Amin’s palace had taken the lives of at least one hundred members of the KGB’s elite commando squad; some of them, even more embarrassingly, were casualties of friendly fire. Andropov decided that such a large number of mourning portraits would draw unwanted attention to the losses. So the deaths of the men went unremarked by their comrades. It was a fitting portent of the squalid war to come.29 20 Solidarity On August 7, 1980, her bosses fired Anna Walentynowicz from her job at the Lenin Shipyard in the Polish city of Gdańsk. Walentynowicz was not a run-of-the-mill shipyard laborer.


Croatia by Anja Mutic, Vesna Maric

call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, friendly fire, G4S, haute cuisine, low cost airline, low cost carrier, starchitect

To get there take the road to Krka National Park, turn east at Bilice and follow the signs. Festivals & Events Terraneo Festival MUSIC (www.terraneofestival.com) If you’re here in August, don’t miss the Terraneo Festival, a great big five-day dance party located in an old army barracks, 4km from the centre of Šibenik and 500 metres from the beach. Past line-ups have included The Roots, The Ting Tings, Thievery Corporation, Groove Armada and Friendly Fires, among many other international and local performers and DJs. International Children’s Festival CHILDREN Šibenik hosts a renowned international children’s festival during the last week of June and the first week of July. There are craft workshops, along with music, dance, children’s film and theatre, puppets and parades. Sleeping There’s very little accommodation actually in Šibenik, which has only one hotel.


The Washington Connection and Third World Fascism by Noam Chomsky

anti-communist, business climate, colonial rule, declining real wages, deliberate practice, European colonialism, friendly fire, Gini coefficient, income inequality, income per capita, land reform, land tenure, new economy, RAND corporation, strikebreaker, union organizing

I could not, of course, reach every village. But in each of the many places where I went, the testimony was the same: 100 killed here, 200 killed there. One old man summed up all the stories: “The Americans killed some VC but only a small number. But of civilians, there were a large number killed...” Buckley’s notes add further detail. In the single month of March, the Ben Tre hospital reported 343 people wounded by “friendly” fire as compared with 25 by “the enemy.” And as a U.S. pacification official noted, “Many people who were wounded died on the way to the hospitals,” or were treated elsewhere (at home, in VC hospitals or ARVN dispensaries). And, of course, unknown numbers were simply killed outright. Buckley’s actual citation about the “perhaps as many as 5,000 deaths” is that of a senior pacification official who estimated that “at least 5,000” of those killed “were what we refer to as non-combatants”—to which we may add that the “combatants,” who are considered fair game in most U.S. reporting and historical analysis, were of course also South Vietnamese attempting to resist the overwhelming power of a foreign enemy.


pages: 750 words: 169,026

A Line in the Sand: Britain, France and the Struggle for the Mastery of the Middle East by James Barr

bank run, British Empire, facts on the ground, friendly fire, illegal immigration, Khartoum Gordon, Scramble for Africa, short selling, éminence grise

The number of attacks on the pipeline fell, but the Special Night Squads experiment did not last long. Early in July, Wingate overreached himself when he decided to attack an Arab gang, which had occupied Nazareth, with a force of over eighty men from all three squads. The operation started to go wrong when Wingate set up ambushes around the wrong village. Having realised his mistake, he led an assault on the settlement where the gang was resting, but in a chaotic night attack was hit by friendly fire. It was ‘a cock-up of the first water’, said a colleague.⁵⁶ Wingate wrote up his report of the operation from hospital. ‘More deliberation and care is called for,’ he admitted.⁵⁷ Although Wingate recovered and returned to lead the night squads on further raids, the squads were wound up later in the year. By then, Wingate’s refusal to share the details of his plans – on the grounds of operational security – had annoyed other British officers.


Unfinished Empire: The Global Expansion of Britain by John Darwin

Alfred Russel Wallace, British Empire, colonial rule, Corn Laws, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, European colonialism, financial independence, friendly fire, full employment, imperial preference, Khartoum Gordon, Khyber Pass, Kowloon Walled City, land tenure, mass immigration, Nelson Mandela, open economy, plutocrats, Plutocrats, principal–agent problem, quantitative easing, reserve currency, Right to Buy, Scientific racism, South China Sea, special economic zone, spice trade, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, trade route, transcontinental railway, union organizing

Ten days into the march, the Ashanti army made a stand a few miles from Kumasi. A twelve-hour battle ensued. In the dense forest, Ashanti snipers slipped between the British formations. ‘The fighting with small number against great odds is all very well on the plains of India or China where you can see what you are about,’ Wolseley wrote home to his wife, ‘but here in this interminable forest where you can never see a hundred yards, it is nervous work.’66 Friendly fire was a hazard, communication almost impossible. The British formed a moving square with rockets at the corners. The critical factor was the imbalance of firepower. The British had Gatling guns but did not use them. But their Snider rifles gave them a huge advantage. The Ashanti had firearms, but mostly Daneguns – smooth bore muskets. They peppered the British, inflicting 25 per cent casualties on the Highland battalion.


pages: 1,800 words: 596,972

The Great War for Civilisation: The Conquest of the Middle East by Robert Fisk

Albert Einstein, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Boycotts of Israel, British Empire, call centre, clean water, colonial rule, cuban missile crisis, Farzad Bazoft, friendly fire, Howard Zinn, IFF: identification friend or foe, invisible hand, Islamic Golden Age, Khartoum Gordon, Khyber Pass, land reform, Mahatma Gandhi, Mikhail Gorbachev, music of the spheres, Ronald Reagan, the market place, Thomas L Friedman, Transnistria, unemployed young men, uranium enrichment, Yom Kippur War

Mechanized Infantry Division, the brief moment of compassion which this engendered probably had more to do with guilty consciences over Western inaction towards the Iraqi insurgents than it did with the enormous loss of human life that it represented.143 Only later would we learn some less heroic truths about the liberation of Kuwait. The Americans, it transpired, dropped nearly as many tons of bombs each day as were dropped on Germany and Japan daily during the Second World War. Of the 148 U.S. servicemen killed, 35—almost one-quarter—had lost their lives to “friendly fire” from other American forces.144 The non-partisan U.S. General Accounting Office would subsequently state that the Pentagon and its military contractors made claims for the precision of their Stealth fighter jets, Tomahawk cruise missiles and laser-guided “smart bombs” that were “overstated, misleading, inconsistent with the best available data or unverifiable.” The supposedly “invisible” Stealth achieved only around a 40 per cent success rate on bombing runs, while only 8 per cent of the bomb tonnage dropped on Iraqi targets were “smart” or guided munitions.

A day later, the American National Gulf War Resource Center, a coalition of U.S. veterans’ groups, announced that as many as 40,000 American servicemen might have been exposed to depleted uranium dust on the battlefield. In October 1998, Phil Garner telephoned me to ask how he could make contact with the doctors treating Iraq’s child cancer victims. He had been reading my reports on the growing evidence of links between cancers and depleted uranium shells. During the 1991 Gulf War, Garner was in the British Royal Army Medical Corps. He wasn’t in the front lines, but he handled the uniforms of Britain’s “friendly fire” casualties, men who were accidentally attacked by U.S. aircraft that were using depleted-uranium rounds. And now he was suffering from asthma, incontinence, pain in the intestines, and had a lump on the right side of his neck. What does this mean? I knew all about these lumps. I had seen them on the necks of the Iraqi children. In Basra again, I watch the anguish of a parent. “Oxygen, for God’s sake get some oxygen—my son is dying.”

Chapter Sixteen: Betrayal 646 “Rise to save the homeland”: See Middle East Reporter (Beirut), 25 February 1991, p. 4, “Iraqis Urged to Revolt, Save Country from Dictatorship, War.” 647 the Iraqis had tried to jam: See Middle East Reporter (Beirut), 4 January 1991, “Anti-Saddam Radio Believed Jammed.” 647 “the allies to liberate Iraq”: Interview with Haidar al-Assadi, Beirut, 3 May 1998. 649 Iraqi dead at up to 150,000: Middle East Reporter (Beirut), 1 March 1991. 649 had claimed that 26,000 Iraqis: Jumhouri-y Islami (Tehran), 19 February 1991, cited by Dilip Hiro in letter to The Independent, 8 February 1992. 649 When a Pentagon source: Newsday, 12 September 1991, cited by Hiro, as above. 650 dropped nearly as many tons: International Herald Tribune, 10 July 1996, quoting New York Times article by Tim Weiner, “Smart Arms in Gulf War Are Found Overrated.” 650 “35—almost one-quarter”: Associated Press report from Washington, 13 August 1991, “Gulf Friendly Fire Casualties Rise,” by Susanne M. Chafer. 650 The independent U.S. General Accounting Office: See International Herald Tribune, 10 July 1996, op. cit. 650 In fact, as Seymour Hersh: New Yorker, 26 September 1994, pp. 86–99, “Missile Wars,” by Seymour Hersh, esp. p. 92. (n.) 650 Timothy McVeigh, a promising young soldier: Reuters report in Irish Times, 3 June 1997. 652 All of this I duly reported: See Independent, 27 March 1991.


May We Be Forgiven by A. M. Homes

anti-communist, Burning Man, dumpster diving, friendly fire, if you build it, they will come, Kickstarter, lateral thinking, Mason jar, Nelson Mandela, Ronald Reagan, Skype, South China Sea

At the road, we’re met by two unmarked cars that escort us back to the deployment area. I get out. Someone hands me a bottle of eyewash. The first thing I see when my eyes are clear is the dented hood, ripped fender, a crack in the windshield, and blood. Walter Penny comes over to me, looks at the car, and takes a white claim form from his manila folder. “I always keep a few of these with me. It’s a government claim form, same for an auto accident as if you’re killed by friendly fire. The government is self-insured—one form for everything. But here’s the thing,” he says, dangling the form. “It only works if you were at the wheel. Did you drive yourself out?” Confused, I look around. The soldier has vanished. “Did you drive yourself out of the woods?” Walter asks again. “Apparently,” I say. “Alone?” “Guess so,” I say, plucking the form from Walter’s fingers. “Then you can use it for your car and your person.”


pages: 834 words: 180,700

The Architecture of Open Source Applications by Amy Brown, Greg Wilson

8-hour work day, anti-pattern, bioinformatics, c2.com, cloud computing, collaborative editing, combinatorial explosion, computer vision, continuous integration, create, read, update, delete, David Heinemeier Hansson, Debian, domain-specific language, Donald Knuth, en.wikipedia.org, fault tolerance, finite state, Firefox, friendly fire, Guido van Rossum, linked data, load shedding, locality of reference, loose coupling, Mars Rover, MITM: man-in-the-middle, MVC pattern, peer-to-peer, Perl 6, premature optimization, recommendation engine, revision control, Ruby on Rails, side project, Skype, slashdot, social web, speech recognition, the scientific method, The Wisdom of Crowds, web application, WebSocket

Doing so brings these resources to the surface, allowing them to be used subsequently to build and ultimately expand the player's grip on the universe. Implemented in some rulesets, the Attack order allows a player to explicitly initiate combat with an enemy Fleet or Planet, fulfilling the final 4X imperative (exterminate). In team-based rulesets, the inclusion of a distinct Attack order (as opposed to simply using Move and Intercept to implicitly attack targets) is important to avoid friendly fire and to coordinate attacks. Since the Thousand Parsec framework requires ruleset developers to define their own order types, it is possible—even encouraged—for them to think outside the box and create custom orders not found elsewhere. The ability to pack extra data into any object allows developers to do very interesting things with custom order types. 21.1.3. Resources Resources are extra pieces of data that are packed into Objects in the game.


Lonely Planet Colombia (Travel Guide) by Lonely Planet, Alex Egerton, Tom Masters, Kevin Raub

airport security, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, colonial rule, Columbian Exchange, Downton Abbey, El Camino Real, Francisco Pizarro, friendly fire, glass ceiling, haute couture, land reform, low cost airline, low cost carrier, race to the bottom, sustainable-tourism, urban sprawl

El CoqBAR ( MAP GOOGLE MAP ; Calle 84 No 14-02; cover Fri & Sat COP$20,000; h7pm-3am Wed-Sat) This unsigned see-and-be-seen spot evokes a French country greenhouse, complete with basketball goalposts and Spanish moss that's strewn across the retractable ceilings. It counts legions of indie creative types (ad folks, actors, film crews, music biz peeps) as devotees. The electro/indie soundtrack skips happily between Phoenix and Friendly Fires, then throws you for a loop with '80s hip-hop. Andrés Juan, a Colombian actor who isn't afraid to throw down with the cool kids, runs the show. Good ginger mojitos for the Straight Edge crowd. Azahar CafeCAFE ( MAP GOOGLE MAP ; www.azaharcoffee.com; Carrera 14 No 93A-48; coffee COP$3000-5000; h8am-9pm Mon-Sat, noon-9pm Sun; W)S Extreme exportation means coffee snobs have more than a little bit of trouble finding a passable cup of Joe in Colombia, but this dead-serious java joint serves single origin, micro-lot coffee prepared in all the ways only considered routine by serious caffeine fiends: AeroPress, Chemex and the like.


How to Hide an Empire: A History of the Greater United States by Daniel Immerwahr

Albert Einstein, book scanning, British Empire, Buckminster Fuller, call centre, citizen journalism, City Beautiful movement, clean water, colonial rule, deindustrialization, Deng Xiaoping, desegregation, Donald Trump, drone strike, European colonialism, friendly fire, gravity well, Haber-Bosch Process, Howard Zinn, immigration reform, land reform, Mercator projection, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, QWERTY keyboard, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Richard Feynman, the built environment, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas L Friedman, Thomas Malthus, transcontinental railway, urban planning, wikimedia commons

Air defenses were knocked out, major cities seized, and the Afghan and Iraq militaries left in shambles. Rumsfeld estimated that in the two months it took the coalition to dislodge the Taliban from Afghanistan’s main cities, it had killed between eight and twelve thousand Taliban and al-Qaeda fighters, at a cost of 11 U.S. lives. The 122 U.S. service members killed in the first three weeks of the Iraq War largely died from accidents or friendly fire. But the war on terror wasn’t ultimately a fight between countries, as the Gulf War had been. It was a “very new type of conflict,” Rumsfeld told the press a week after 9/11. “We’ll have to deal with the networks.” This metaphor of the network—a set of connected points—became ubiquitous, acquiring the same sort of buzzword cachet that quagmire had possessed in the Vietnam War. The connotation pointed in another direction, though.


pages: 685 words: 203,949

The Organized Mind: Thinking Straight in the Age of Information Overload by Daniel J. Levitin

airport security, Albert Einstein, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Anton Chekhov, Bayesian statistics, big-box store, business process, call centre, Claude Shannon: information theory, cloud computing, cognitive bias, complexity theory, computer vision, conceptual framework, correlation does not imply causation, crowdsourcing, cuban missile crisis, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, delayed gratification, Donald Trump, en.wikipedia.org, epigenetics, Eratosthenes, Exxon Valdez, framing effect, friendly fire, fundamental attribution error, Golden Gate Park, Google Glasses, haute cuisine, impulse control, index card, indoor plumbing, information retrieval, invention of writing, iterative process, jimmy wales, job satisfaction, Kickstarter, life extension, longitudinal study, meta analysis, meta-analysis, more computing power than Apollo, Network effects, new economy, Nicholas Carr, optical character recognition, Pareto efficiency, pattern recognition, phenotype, placebo effect, pre–internet, profit motive, randomized controlled trial, Rubik’s Cube, shared worldview, Skype, Snapchat, social intelligence, statistical model, Steve Jobs, supply-chain management, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, The Wisdom of Crowds, theory of mind, Thomas Bayes, Turing test, ultimatum game, zero-sum game

AVERAGE SLEEP NEEDS Age Needed sleep Newborns (0–2 months) 12–18 hours Infants (3–11 months) 14–15 hours Toddlers (1–3 years) 12–14 hours Preschoolers (3–5 years) 11–13 hours Children (5–10 years) 10–11 hours Preteens and Teenagers (10–17) 8 1/2–9 1/4 hours Adults 6–10 hours One out of every three working Americans gets less than six hours’ sleep per night, well below the recommended range noted above. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) declared sleep deprivation a public health epidemic in 2013. The prevailing view until the 1990s was that people could adapt to chronic sleep loss without adverse cognitive effects, but newer research clearly says otherwise. Sleepiness was responsible for 250,000 traffic accidents in 2009, and is one of the leading causes of friendly fire—soldiers mistakenly shooting people on their own side. Sleep deprivation was ruled to be a contributing factor in some of the most well-known global disasters: the nuclear power plant disasters at Chernobyl (Ukraine), Three Mile Island (Pennsylvania), Davis-Besse (Ohio), and Rancho Seco (California); the oil spill from the Exxon Valdez; the grounding of the cruise ship Star Princess; and the fatal decision to launch the Challenger space shuttle.


pages: 795 words: 212,447

Dead or Alive by Tom Clancy, Grant (CON) Blackwood

active measures, affirmative action, air freight, airport security, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Benoit Mandelbrot, defense in depth, failed state, friendly fire, Google Earth, Panamax, post-Panamax, Skype, uranium enrichment, urban sprawl

The bathrooms are fore and aft, and they’re marked with pictures if you’re too dumb to read. Dumbing down society was happening in Canada, too. A pity, John thought. Unless United flew only American citizens. The flight was grossly ordinary, with nary a bump, taking hardly an hour before they touched down at O’Hare, named for a World War Two naval aviator who’d won the Medal of Honor before getting splashed, probably by friendly fire, which could kill you just as dead as the other sort. Clark wondered how hard it was for the pilot to find the right jetway, but then he’d probably made this flight before, maybe a hundred times. Now came the hard part, John realized. Where was Hadi going, and could he bag a seat on the same flight? A pity he couldn’t just ask the bastard. He had to go through immigration, because America had gotten serious about controlling who came into the country.


pages: 736 words: 210,277

1948: A History of the First Arab-Israeli War by Benny Morris

Albert Einstein, British Empire, family office, friendly fire, illegal immigration, mass immigration

The attackers ran the risk of British interference but claimed that they were retaliating for a Jewish attack on a bus. On io February 1948, about iSo Arabs poured out of the Old City and attacked the Yemin Moshe neighborhood to the west, across the Vale of Hinnom. They were protected by covering fire from the city walls. The Haganah, eventually aided by British troops, beat them off. Sixteen Arabs died and dozens were wounded (some by friendly fire); the Jews suffered one dead and five wounded.135 Attacks by Arab irregulars on rural settlements also began in early December 1947. On 4 December a band of 120-150 gunmen from Salame attacked Ef al, a small kibbutz northeast of Tel Aviv. The settlers, helped by Palmah reinforcements, beat them off. A more forceful attack was launched on 27 December against nearby Kfar Yavetz by militiamen from Qalansuwa and Taiyiba.


The Oil Kings: How the U.S., Iran, and Saudi Arabia Changed the Balance of Power in the Middle East by Andrew Scott Cooper

addicted to oil, anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, banking crisis, Boycotts of Israel, energy security, falling living standards, friendly fire, full employment, interchangeable parts, Kickstarter, land reform, MITM: man-in-the-middle, oil shale / tar sands, oil shock, peak oil, Ponzi scheme, RAND corporation, rising living standards, Robert Bork, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, strikebreaker, unbiased observer, uranium enrichment, urban planning, Yom Kippur War

Positions are taken as a result of haggling among the White House, the State Department and the Treasury. The result is an appearance of jitteriness that will continue as long as the President depends so heavily on a secretary of state whose basic feeling about economic problems is that they should go away.” Kraft’s brutal dissection of Kissinger’s handling of U.S.-Iran relations was more than a case of friendly fire. Kissinger was losing the confidence of his realist admirers in the press. He seems to have understood at some level that the Shah’s threat to hike prices another 30–35 percent unless the Ford administration found a way to help him shift Iran’s stockpile of unsold oil amounted to blackmail. WE’RE GOING TO HAVE ANOTHER BAD SITUATION Each morning a car with an Iranian driver collected the two Air Force colonels from outside their homes in northern Tehran.


Seeking SRE: Conversations About Running Production Systems at Scale by David N. Blank-Edelman

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, algorithmic trading, Amazon Web Services, bounce rate, business continuity plan, business process, cloud computing, cognitive bias, cognitive dissonance, commoditize, continuous integration, crowdsourcing, dark matter, database schema, Debian, defense in depth, DevOps, domain-specific language, en.wikipedia.org, fault tolerance, fear of failure, friendly fire, game design, Grace Hopper, information retrieval, Infrastructure as a Service, Internet of things, invisible hand, iterative process, Kubernetes, loose coupling, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, microservices, minimum viable product, MVC pattern, performance metric, platform as a service, pull request, RAND corporation, remote working, Richard Feynman, risk tolerance, Ruby on Rails, search engine result page, self-driving car, sentiment analysis, Silicon Valley, single page application, Snapchat, software as a service, software is eating the world, source of truth, the scientific method, Toyota Production System, web application, WebSocket, zero day

He is the instigator, coauthor, and editor of Site Reliability Engineering and The Site Reliability Workbook. 1 See, for example, “How on-call and irregular scheduling harm the American workforce” from The Conversation, or “Why You Should End On-Call Scheduling and What to Do Instead” from When I Work, outlining the impact on income and family; the costs to the systems themselves are hard to estimate, but “friendly fire” in on-call situations is estimated to occur in over 1% of on-call shifts. 2 Bletchley Park and its complement of WRNS (Women’s Royal Naval Service) on-call operators. 3 According to, for example, Tom’s Hardware, around the Bletchley Park era, “in a large system, [a vacuum tube] failed every hour or so.” 4 See, for example, this MedicineNet article or this free medical dictionary, making specific reference to being reachable in 30 minutes of being paged. 5 “Accident & Emergency” in the UK/Ireland; Emergency Room (ER) in the US. 6 Note that doctors get a lot of automatic alerting as well, it’s just that it seems that a lot of it is very low quality; see, for example, this Washington Post article. 7 See, for example, this article from Medical Protection Ireland, emphasizing not eating junk food, paying bills in advance of a week of night-shift work, and double-checking calculations made during night shifts. 8 For example, this article claims that 5% of their ER admissions gave rise to 22% of their costs; this piece argues more broadly that Pareto Principle–style effects are distributed throughout medicine; and this article showed that adverse drug effects obeyed a Pareto Principle–like distribution across a sample of 700-plus cases. 9 As best I can tell, this situation is unique to software: industries that deal with very complex hardware, such as airplanes, do have problems related to complexity, and uncover latent problems with particular revisions of sensors, and so on, but the nature of software being changed all the time is found, as far as I know, nowhere else. 10 On-call in the medical professional also serves as a triage function, which is partially outsourced to monitoring software in the SRE case. 11 Leaving aside the considerable problems with persuading the public, this would be a good idea. 12 This applies to operations engineers generally, and sometimes to product software engineers. 13 For the purposes of this footnote, I want to attack the notion that failure is unavoidable and that everything in computing is wobbly stacks built on soggy marshes of unpredictability.


pages: 826 words: 231,966

GCHQ by Richard Aldrich

belly landing, Berlin Wall, British Empire, colonial exploitation, cuban missile crisis, friendly fire, illegal immigration, index card, lateral thinking, Menlo Park, Mikhail Gorbachev, Neil Kinnock, New Journalism, packet switching, private military company, Robert Hanssen: Double agent, Ronald Reagan, social intelligence, South China Sea, undersea cable, University of East Anglia, Yom Kippur War, Zimmermann PGP

Their initial assault surprised five men who had returned to bed in one of the apartments after early-morning prayers. While they were being taken out at gunpoint, sympathisers in the adjacent apartment threw a grenade at the intelligence officers. A gun battle developed, and those inside hurled more grenades at the authorities.19 Terrified neighbours called the local police, who were unaware of the super-secret activities of the ISI. In the ensuing confusion twenty policemen were injured, many by friendly fire.20 Ramzi Binalshibh was among those captured. In the spring of 2003 an intercepted email led to the arrest of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, who was very close to bin Laden, and had been a key figure in the planning of the 9/11 attacks.21 He was arrested at a house in Rawalpindi in a joint operation by ISI and the CIA’s paramilitary force, the Special Activities Division,22 and taken to one of the CIA’s secret prisons in northern Poland, where the US government has confirmed that he was repeatedly subjected to ‘simulated drowning’, or ‘waterboarding’.


The Art of Scalability: Scalable Web Architecture, Processes, and Organizations for the Modern Enterprise by Martin L. Abbott, Michael T. Fisher

always be closing, anti-pattern, barriers to entry, Bernie Madoff, business climate, business continuity plan, business intelligence, business process, call centre, cloud computing, combinatorial explosion, commoditize, Computer Numeric Control, conceptual framework, database schema, discounted cash flows, en.wikipedia.org, fault tolerance, finite state, friendly fire, hiring and firing, Infrastructure as a Service, inventory management, new economy, packet switching, performance metric, platform as a service, Ponzi scheme, RFC: Request For Comment, risk tolerance, Rubik’s Cube, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, SETI@home, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, six sigma, software as a service, the scientific method, transaction costs, Vilfredo Pareto, web application, Y2K

You may have questions asked that go unanswered or requests to try something that go without authorization. You might as well be witnessing a grade school recess, with different groups of children running around doing different things with absolutely no coordination of effort. But a crisis situation isn’t a recess; it’s a war, and in war such a lack of coordination results in an increase in the rate of friendly casualties through “friendly fire.” In a technology crisis, these friendly casualties are manifested through prolonged outages, lost data, and increased customer impact. What you really want to see in such a situation is some level of control applied to the chaos. Rather than a grade school recess, you hope to see a high school football game. Don’t get us wrong, you aren’t going to see an NFL style performance, but you do hope that you witness a group of professionals being led with confidence to identify a path to restoration and a path to identification of root cause.


pages: 1,072 words: 237,186

How to Survive a Pandemic by Michael Greger, M.D., FACLM

coronavirus, COVID-19, Covid-19, double helix, friendly fire, global pandemic, global supply chain, global village, inventory management, Kickstarter, mass immigration, megacity, meta analysis, meta-analysis, New Journalism, out of africa, Peace of Westphalia, phenotype, profit motive, RAND corporation, randomized controlled trial, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, statistical model, stem cell, supply-chain management, the medium is the message, Westphalian system, Y2K, Yogi Berra

Autopsies were performed on two of the first six victims, the thirteen-year-old girl in Hong Kong and a twenty-five-year-old Filipino woman. Both died of multiple organ failure. Their lungs were filled with blood, their livers and kidneys clogged with dead tissue, and their brains swollen with fluid.447 In both cases, cytokine levels were found elevated as expected. The virus evidently had tricked the body into unleashing massive cytokine storms, burning their livers, kidneys, and lungs in their immune systems’ not-so-friendly fire. Interestingly, viral cultures taken at autopsy from all their organs came up negative. It seems that in their bodies’ brutal counter-attack, their immune systems were able to triumph in a way and kill off the virus. Of course, in burning down the village in order to save it, the patients were killed off as well.448 Most of the 1997 victims had either bought chickens (or, in one case, chicken feet) or had shopped next door to a chicken merchant.449 Lam Hoi-ka may have been infected by baby birds in his preschool’s “feathered pet corner.”450 The strongest risk factor to shake out of the subsequent investigations was “either direct or indirect contact with commercial poultry.”451 Human-to-human transmission remained very limited.


She Has Her Mother's Laugh by Carl Zimmer

23andMe, agricultural Revolution, clean water, clockwatching, cloud computing, dark matter, discovery of DNA, double helix, Drosophila, Elon Musk, epigenetics, Fellow of the Royal Society, Flynn Effect, friendly fire, Gary Taubes, germ theory of disease, Isaac Newton, longitudinal study, medical bankruptcy, meta analysis, meta-analysis, microbiome, moral panic, mouse model, New Journalism, out of africa, phenotype, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Scientific racism, statistical model, stem cell, twin studies

American Journal of Human Genetics 81:1104–10. de Vries, Hugo. 1904. “The Aim of Experimental Evolution.” Carnegie Institution of Washington Yearbook 3:39–49. ———. 1905. “A Visit to Luther Burbank.” Popular Science Monthly, August. Waddington, C. H. 1957. The Strategy of the Genes: A Discussion of Some Aspects of Theoretical Biology. London: George Allen & Unwin. Wade, Nicholas. 1980. “UCLA Gene Therapy Racked by Friendly Fire.” Science 210:509. ———. 1981a. “Gene Therapy Caught in More Entanglements.” Science 212:24–25. ———. 1981b. “Gene Therapy Pioneer Draws Mikadoesque Rap.” Science 212:1253. ———. 2002. “Scientist Reveals Secret of Genome: It’s His.” New York Times, April 27. Walfred W. C. Tang, Sabine Dietmann, Naoko Irie, Harry Leitch, Vasileios Floros, and others. 2015. “A Unique Gene Regulatory Network Resets the Human Germline Epigenome for Development.”


Egypt Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

call centre, carbon footprint, Eratosthenes, friendly fire, G4S, haute cuisine, Khartoum Gordon, late fees, low cost airline, low cost carrier, spice trade, sustainable-tourism, Thales and the olive presses, trade route, urban planning, urban sprawl

Author Alaa Al-Aswany (The Yacoubian Building) is a professional dentist whose first office was located in the real-life Yacoubian Building, at 34 Sharia Talaat Harb in Downtown Cairo. The story is really just an elaborate soap opera, though it’s remarkable in that it depicts Egypt in a particular time and introduces archetypes that hadn’t previously been captured in Arabic literature. Al-Aswany’s subsequent writing – Chicago, a novella, and Friendly Fire, a collection of short stories – both have a strong focus on contemporary Egypt. His most recent book, published after the 2011 revolution, is On the State of Egypt: A Novelist’s Provocative Reflections. Salwa Bakr tackles taboo subjects such as sexual prejudice and social inequality. Her work includes the novels The Golden Chariot and the excellent The Man from Bashmour. One of the most promising of a very vibrant new generation of writers is Mansoura Ez-Eldin, whose novel Maryam’s Maze is the wonderfully written story of a woman trying to find her way in the confusion all around her.


pages: 1,066 words: 273,703

Crashed: How a Decade of Financial Crises Changed the World by Adam Tooze

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, Asian financial crisis, asset-backed security, bank run, banking crisis, Basel III, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Boris Johnson, break the buck, Bretton Woods, BRICs, British Empire, business cycle, capital controls, Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty, Carmen Reinhart, Celtic Tiger, central bank independence, centre right, collateralized debt obligation, corporate governance, credit crunch, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, currency manipulation / currency intervention, currency peg, dark matter, deindustrialization, desegregation, Detroit bankruptcy, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, diversification, Doha Development Round, Donald Trump, Edward Glaeser, Edward Snowden, en.wikipedia.org, energy security, eurozone crisis, Fall of the Berlin Wall, family office, financial intermediation, fixed income, Flash crash, forward guidance, friendly fire, full employment, global reserve currency, global supply chain, global value chain, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, Growth in a Time of Debt, housing crisis, Hyman Minsky, illegal immigration, immigration reform, income inequality, interest rate derivative, interest rate swap, Kenneth Rogoff, large denomination, light touch regulation, Long Term Capital Management, margin call, Martin Wolf, McMansion, Mexican peso crisis / tequila crisis, mittelstand, money market fund, moral hazard, mortgage debt, mutually assured destruction, negative equity, new economy, Northern Rock, obamacare, Occupy movement, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, old-boy network, open economy, paradox of thrift, Peter Thiel, Ponzi scheme, predatory finance, price stability, private sector deleveraging, purchasing power parity, quantitative easing, race to the bottom, reserve currency, risk tolerance, Ronald Reagan, savings glut, secular stagnation, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, sovereign wealth fund, special drawing rights, structural adjustment programs, The Great Moderation, Tim Cook: Apple, too big to fail, trade liberalization, upwardly mobile, Washington Consensus, We are the 99%, white flight, WikiLeaks, women in the workforce, Works Progress Administration, yield curve, éminence grise

If Berlin had thrown its full weight behind the idea of an EMF and if its budget had been set to an appropriate size—what were needed were hundreds of billions of euros—the crisis might have taken another course. If Berlin had risen to the challenge it is hard to see how the rest of the eurozone governments could have resisted. Something very much like this is what they would eagerly settle for in 2012. But this opportunity for German leadership on the crisis went begging. In the spring of 2010, Schäuble’s scheme was shot down, by friendly fire.23 Chancellor Merkel was no European federalist. She had no desire to reopen the terms of the Lisbon Treaty for which she had fought so hard and which was only just coming into operation. She was not about to endow Brussels with its own monetary fund. She was far too skeptical of Europe’s capacity for self-discipline and she had the German constitutional court’s Lisbon ruling to think about.


pages: 908 words: 262,808

The Second World Wars: How the First Global Conflict Was Fought and Won by Victor Davis Hanson

British Empire, Charles Lindbergh, cuban missile crisis, deindustrialization, European colonialism, facts on the ground, friendly fire, means of production, mutually assured destruction, New Journalism, plutocrats, Plutocrats, RAND corporation, South China Sea, women in the workforce, zero-sum game

After a brief war—and victory—against the British the prior month in Somaliland, the Italians had convinced themselves that because of their numbers, they would likely bury the British in Egypt and annex North Africa into the Italian empire.5 The huge size of the Italian army fooled few. It had no updated armored vehicles comparable to even the British lighter cruiser tanks. Its sole competent and charismatic commander, Air Marshal Italo Balbo, who served as commander in chief of Italian North Africa, was shot down by friendly fire over Tobruk on June 28, 1940. His loss resulted in centralizing the supreme command under the well-connected Marshal Rodolfo Graziani. But the hesitant and mediocre Graziani dallied for weeks until mid-September before invading Egypt. Without the machines or the supplies to match a British force a fraction of the size of his own army, Graziani privately predicted disaster. He soon got what he prophesied.6 Count Galeazzo Ciano, Italian foreign minister and son-in-law of Mussolini, glumly wrote in his diary of the Italian misadventure: “In Libya an Italian general has allowed himself to be taken prisoner.


The Dream Machine: J.C.R. Licklider and the Revolution That Made Computing Personal by M. Mitchell Waldrop

Ada Lovelace, air freight, Alan Turing: On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, Apple II, battle of ideas, Berlin Wall, Bill Duvall, Bill Gates: Altair 8800, Byte Shop, Claude Shannon: information theory, computer age, conceptual framework, cuban missile crisis, Donald Davies, double helix, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, Dynabook, experimental subject, fault tolerance, Frederick Winslow Taylor, friendly fire, From Mathematics to the Technologies of Life and Death, Haight Ashbury, Howard Rheingold, information retrieval, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Jeff Rulifson, John von Neumann, Leonard Kleinrock, Marc Andreessen, Menlo Park, New Journalism, Norbert Wiener, packet switching, pink-collar, popular electronics, RAND corporation, RFC: Request For Comment, Robert Metcalfe, Silicon Valley, Steve Crocker, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, Turing machine, Turing test, Vannevar Bush, Von Neumann architecture, Wiener process, zero-sum game

and certification in Montana; in the rush to get them ready for use, squadron officials ended up overriding such key safety features as the multiple-key system, which meant that the mis- siles could have been launched by one person, acting on his own initiative. And there was the "intruder" detected in the middle of the night at Yolk Field in Wisconsin, resulting in a series of alarms that the crews interpreted as the signal to scramble their nuclear-armed F-I06 inter- ceptors. With the air full of B-52s circling on full alert, and the interceptors expecting to find Soviet bombers, the result might well have been nuclear friendly fire over U.S. soil. The F-I06s stood down only after an officer drove out onto the airstrip and got their attention by flashing his car lights; the "intruder" had turned out to be a bear. THE PHENOMENA SURROUNDING COMPUTERS 219 Nonetheless, says Fano, all the arrows kept pointing his way. Information theory wasn't so very far from computing, after all. He'd served on the Long Range Planning Committee.


Egypt by Matthew Firestone

call centre, clean water, credit crunch, friendly fire, haute cuisine, Khartoum Gordon, Right to Buy, spice trade, sustainable-tourism, Thales and the olive presses, trade route, urban sprawl, young professional

* * * Author Alaa al-Aswany (The Yacoubian Building) is a professional dentist whose first office was located in the real-life Yacoubian Building, which is on Sharia Suleiman Basha in Downtown Cairo. * * * It should be said that this book is groundbreaking more for its plot and characters than the actual language. The story itself is really just an elaborate soap opera, though it’s remarkable in that it depicts Egypt in a particular time and place, and introduces archetypes that hadn’t previously been captured in Arabic literature. Al-Aswany’s more recent Friendly Fire, a novella and collection of short stories, is another of his works with a focus on contemporary life in Egypt. Other recommended books include the following: The Golden Chariot by Salwa Bakr is a short novel in which inmates in a women’s prison exchange life stories. It’s surprisingly upbeat, funny and even bawdy. No One Sleeps in Alexandria by Ibrahim Abdel Meguid is an antidote to the mythical Alexandria of Lawrence Durrell.


pages: 1,118 words: 309,029

The Wars of Afghanistan by Peter Tomsen

airport security, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, British Empire, drone strike, facts on the ground, failed state, friendly fire, glass ceiling, hiring and firing, Internet Archive, Khyber Pass, land reform, Mikhail Gorbachev, plutocrats, Plutocrats, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, trade route, union organizing, uranium enrichment, women in the workforce, zero-sum game

The American CIA and Special Forces assigned to Gul Agha’s offensive on Kandahar from the south may have heard about his reputation for corruption, repression, and drug trafficking. An Associated Press article examining his time in office before the Taliban reported that “Kandahar was so lawless that people there welcomed the Taliban, whose ruthless ways restored order.”67 The Taliban asked Hamid Karzai for permission to come to Shah Wali Kot to discuss surrender terms. Only hours before the Taliban delegation arrived, on the morning of December 5, a “friendly fire” 2,000-pound bomb exploded near Karzai’s command post outside Kandahar. The errant bomb killed three U.S. Special Forces troops and about fifty Afghans, many of them Karzai’s tribals who had been with him since the beginning of the Tarinkot campaign. Karzai suffered a flesh wound on his cheek caused by flying glass. Amerine was flown to Germany with a serious ear injury and shrapnel wounds in his leg.


pages: 1,145 words: 310,655

1967: Israel, the War, and the Year That Transformed the Middle East by Tom Segev

affirmative action, anti-communist, Berlin Wall, Boycotts of Israel, British Empire, cuban missile crisis, distributed generation, friendly fire, full employment, ghettoisation, illegal immigration, invisible hand, mass immigration, open borders, Ronald Reagan, Yom Kippur War, young professional

The conquest of the West Bank, Narkis said, would fulfill the command’s “deep longings.” But Dayan denied Narkis permission to take over the Old City— “that Vatican,” he called it—and ordered that it be encircled instead.16 By June 6, the war in Jerusalem had claimed dozens of lives. In battles for the Jordanian officers’ school and a fortified target known as Ammunition Hill, not far from the border, many soldiers had died. Some were killed by friendly fire: they were mistakenly targeted by the air force. Narkis wrote, “It is very easy to make such mistakes.” He put more pressure on the General Staff, saying that Israel would have only itself to blame if the Wall remained in Jordanian hands.17 King Hussein requested a cease-fire, even begged for one. Ambassador Barbour sent the Foreign Ministry the four telegrams he had received from Amman, the first at 5:25 that morning.


pages: 1,117 words: 305,620

Dirty Wars: The World Is a Battlefield by Jeremy Scahill

active measures, air freight, anti-communist, blood diamonds, business climate, citizen journalism, colonial rule, crowdsourcing, Donald Trump, drone strike, failed state, friendly fire, Google Hangouts, indoor plumbing, Islamic Golden Age, Kickstarter, land reform, Mohammed Bouazizi, Naomi Klein, private military company, Project for a New American Century, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, WikiLeaks

As the situation in Afghanistan deteriorated and the Taliban and other insurgent groups gained ground, a stunning scandal rocked the US military and the Special Ops community that would ultimately lead to the resignation and retirement of General McChrystal, one of the architects of the post-9/11 US killing machine. But his demise had nothing to do with any of his actions with JSOC in Iraq or his involvement in covering up the friendly-fire death of Pat Tillman, the former NFL player turned Army Ranger in Afghanistan in 2004 or his role in transforming JSOC into a global hit squad. Instead, McChrystal was brought down by an article in Rolling Stone magazine written by Michael Hastings that captured McChrystal and his inner circle making disparaging remarks about President Obama, Vice President Biden and other top US civilian officials.


pages: 1,013 words: 302,015

A Classless Society: Britain in the 1990s by Alwyn W. Turner

Berlin Wall, Bob Geldof, Boris Johnson, British Empire, call centre, centre right, deindustrialization, demand response, Desert Island Discs, endogenous growth, Etonian, eurozone crisis, facts on the ground, Fall of the Berlin Wall, falling living standards, first-past-the-post, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, full employment, global village, greed is good, inflation targeting, lateral thinking, means of production, millennium bug, minimum wage unemployment, moral panic, negative equity, Neil Kinnock, Nelson Mandela, offshore financial centre, old-boy network, period drama, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, Stephen Hawking, upwardly mobile, Winter of Discontent, women in the workforce

Overshadowed in popular memory by the invasion of Iraq twelve years later, the 1991 Kuwaiti War was, in military terms, an unqualified success. Five weeks of bombing was followed by a ground war that was shorter than anyone had dared hope. Within four days of the tanks rolling into Kuwait, the Iraqi army had been routed and the operation completed, despite Saddam’s dire warnings that the coalition would face ‘the mother of all battles’. (That was one of the phrases from the hostilities that entered the language, alongside ‘friendly fire’ and ‘collateral damage’.) British and American casualties were remarkably few in number, and if Saddam remained in power, that was what had always been intended; the UN resolution authorising military action had talked of the removal of the occupying force from the sovereign territory of Kuwait, but said nothing of regime change in Iraq. Nonetheless, some were later to regret the decision not to press onwards to Baghdad, believing that it merely stored up future problems.


Northern California Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

Airbnb, Apple II, Asilomar, back-to-the-land, Bay Area Rapid Transit, big-box store, Burning Man, buy and hold, California gold rush, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, dark matter, Donald Trump, Donner party, East Village, El Camino Real, Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Frank Gehry, friendly fire, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Google bus, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, haute cuisine, housing crisis, Joan Didion, Kickstarter, Loma Prieta earthquake, Lyft, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, Mason jar, McMansion, means of production, Port of Oakland, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, South of Market, San Francisco, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Stewart Brand, the built environment, trade route, transcontinental railway, uber lyft, Upton Sinclair, urban sprawl, white picket fence, Whole Earth Catalog, women in the workforce, working poor, Works Progress Administration, young professional

You can pedal all the way north to Tahoe City along the paved bike path, or rent a stand up paddling set and hit the popular local beaches. 4Sleeping & Eating Sunnyside LodgeINN$$ ( GOOGLE MAP ; %530-583-7200; www.sunnysidetahoe.com; 1850 W Lake Blvd; d $150-380, pet fee $35; W#) This recently upgraded lodge features modern rooms with new bathrooms, pillow-top mattresses and flat-screen TVs, afternoon tea and cookies, and a guests-only sitting room overlooking the lake. The less expensive 'garden view' rooms lack good lake views. Note that there's lots of activity from the restaurant, and boat dock and marina next door. oFire Sign CafeAMERICAN$ ( GOOGLE MAP ; www.firesigncafe.com; 1785 W Lake Blvd; mains $7-13; h7am-3pm; vc) For breakfast, everyone heads to the friendly Fire Sign for down-home omelets, blueberry pancakes, eggs Benedict with smoked salmon, fresh made-from-scratch pastries and other carbo-loading bombs, plus organic coffee. In summer, hit the outdoor patio. Lines are usually very long, so get here early. SpoonAMERICAN$ ( GOOGLE MAP ; %530-581-5400; www.spoontakeout.com; 1785 W Lake Blvd; mains $9.50-15; h3-9pm, closed Tue & Wed Oct-May; c) Call ahead for takeout, or squeeze yourselves into the cozy upstairs dining room at this little slat-sided cabin by the side of the highway.


pages: 1,071 words: 295,220

Rise and Kill First: The Secret History of Israel's Targeted Assassinations by Ronen Bergman

Ayatollah Khomeini, Boycotts of Israel, British Empire, card file, conceptual framework, cuban missile crisis, Edward Snowden, facts on the ground, friendly fire, glass ceiling, illegal immigration, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, Marshall McLuhan, Ronald Reagan, Stuxnet, uranium enrichment, WikiLeaks, Yom Kippur War

Conversations with former members of the unit revealed that in a large number of its operations, it was clear that the suspect would be armed, and that they were therefore de facto targeted killing missions. Often, it was even obligatory to perform “dead checking”—pumping more bullets into the man after he was down. All this without giving him the chance to surrender. The IDF denied that Cherry performed the dead-checking procedure, but proof came after a soldier in the unit, Sergeant Eliahu Azisha, was killed by friendly fire when he was mistaken for a wanted Palestinian. An IDF Criminal Investigation Division probe revealed that he had been shot multiple times to make sure he was dead. Cherry and other units like it carried out hundreds of missions during the Intifada. Peddlers, shepherds, taxi drivers, female pedestrians on the street—just about any type of person one might have encountered in an Arab city or village at that time could have turned out to be a Cherry soldier and suddenly drawn a concealed weapon.


pages: 1,171 words: 309,640

To Sleep in a Sea of Stars by Christopher Paolini

back-to-the-land, clean water, Colonization of Mars, cryptocurrency, dark matter, friendly fire, gravity well, hive mind, low earth orbit, mandelbrot fractal, megastructure, random walk, risk tolerance, Vernor Vinge

Can you lead the Jelly back toward the stern of the Hierophant?* “You going to blow us both up?” *That’s a negative, Ms. Navárez. It’s a targeted munition. You shouldn’t be in too much danger. But we need to get a clear line of sight.* “Roger. On my way.” Then Tschetter’s voice popped in the channel: *Navárez. Make sure you put enough distance between you and Ctein. Remember, there’s no such thing as friendly fire.* “Got it.” Kira jabbed the suit toward the hull and stopped herself. Then she threw herself up and back over the approaching Jelly in what would have normally been a stomach-churning somersault but that now felt like a graceful dive. Ctein reached toward her with three of its tentacles, straining its limbs to their fullest extent, but they fell short by a few scant meters. As she’d hoped, the creature continued to cling to the Hierophant, where it could still use its oversized blowtorch.


Southwest USA Travel Guide by Lonely Planet

1919 Motor Transport Corps convoy, Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, Burning Man, carbon footprint, Columbine, Donner party, El Camino Real, friendly fire, G4S, haute couture, haute cuisine, housing crisis, illegal immigration, immigration reform, indoor plumbing, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), low earth orbit, off grid, place-making, supervolcano, trade route, transcontinental railway, walkable city, Works Progress Administration, X Prize

A 20-minute film features historic footage of the project. Mike O’Callaghan-Pat Tillman Memorial Bridge BRIDGE Featuring a pedestrian walkway with perfect views upstream of Hoover Dam, this bridge is definitely not recommended for anyone with vertigo. Mike O’Callaghan was governor of Nevada from 1971 to 1979. NFL star Pat Tillman was a safety for the Arizona Cardinals when he enlisted as a US Army Ranger in 2002. He was slain by friendly fire during a battle in Afghanistan in 2004, and top army commanders, who promoted the fabrication that he’d been killed by enemy forces, covered up the circumstances surrounding his death. Activities For motorized float trips and guided kayaking tours launching below Hoover Dam, see Click here. Popular year-round activities in Lake Mead National Recreation Area (702-293-8906; www.nps.gov/lame; 7-day entry pass individual/car $5/10; 24hr) include swimming, fishing, boating, waterskiing and kayaking.


pages: 1,199 words: 332,563

Golden Holocaust: Origins of the Cigarette Catastrophe and the Case for Abolition by Robert N. Proctor

bioinformatics, carbon footprint, clean water, corporate social responsibility, Deng Xiaoping, desegregation, facts on the ground, friendly fire, germ theory of disease, global pandemic, index card, Indoor air pollution, information retrieval, invention of gunpowder, John Snow's cholera map, language of flowers, life extension, New Journalism, optical character recognition, pink-collar, Ponzi scheme, Potemkin village, publication bias, Ralph Nader, Ronald Reagan, selection bias, speech recognition, stem cell, telemarketer, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, Upton Sinclair, Yogi Berra

General Sherman raided the stocks of several tobacconists in his famous march to the sea, and when northerners came to like what they’d smoked, requests were sent down south for further supplies. Tobacco manufacturing shifted northward as a result, especially to New York, where dandies were eager to try new cultural fashions. World War I was another crucial turning point in the rise of the cigarette. The fighting dragged on for years, and many a long night in the trenches was warmed by the friendly fire of fags.2 Cigarettes were also a distinctly war-friendly form of smoke. Easy to light and quick to finish, they were conveniently smoked while standing, marching, or even (sometimes) shooting. And they didn’t require that extra burden or distraction of the pipe. Thousands of soldiers etched their enthusiasm for smoke into ornately carved tobacco boxes and lighters, born from boredom in the trenches.


I You We Them by Dan Gretton

agricultural Revolution, anti-communist, back-to-the-land, British Empire, clean water, cognitive dissonance, colonial rule, conceptual framework, corporate social responsibility, Desert Island Discs, drone strike, European colonialism, financial independence, friendly fire, ghettoisation, Honoré de Balzac, IBM and the Holocaust, illegal immigration, invisible hand, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, laissez-faire capitalism, liberation theology, Mikhail Gorbachev, Milgram experiment, Neil Kinnock, Nelson Mandela, New Journalism, place-making, pre–internet, Stanford prison experiment, University of East Anglia, wikimedia commons

He told us that in this context, when you didn’t know if you would still be alive the next day, Catholicism became a vital part of his life. He told us about the experience of being with his platoon one day, coming up a hill, and then being bombed by American planes, and how that had affected his attitude to the American military ever since. I remember as a child puzzling over the meaning of those words ‘friendly fire’. There were two tips for mountain walking, gleaned from his time in the Korean hills. During rests on Welsh walking holidays he would explain that if you lie with your boots raised, the blood circulates more and prevents the feet from getting heavy. Secondly, most accidents on mountains happen when you’re coming downhill, so it’s always best to do gentle zigzags when descending. Oh yes, and then there was the phrase that he’d learnt that became a family joke because it was always used when we’d taken a wrong turning on a journey, or wasted a large amount of time on something.


Days of Fire: Bush and Cheney in the White House by Peter Baker

addicted to oil, anti-communist, battle of ideas, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, Bob Geldof, buy low sell high, card file, clean water, collective bargaining, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, drone strike, energy security, facts on the ground, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, friendly fire, guest worker program, hiring and firing, housing crisis, illegal immigration, immigration reform, Mikhail Gorbachev, MITM: man-in-the-middle, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Saturday Night Live, South China Sea, stem cell, too big to fail, uranium enrichment, War on Poverty, working poor, Yom Kippur War

Iraq Body Count attempted to track civilian casualties in Iraq by assembling all public reports of killings, from media accounts to hospital and morgue records to official and nongovernmental organizations. http://www.iraqbodycount.org/database/. 56 366 had been killed: Iraq Coalition Casualty Count, known as icasualties.org, http://icasualties.org/iraq/ByMonth.aspx. Note that this link goes to the page showing all coalition casualties; to get the American casualties requires using the filter at the bottom. 57 “final acts of desperation”: Dick Cheney, In My Time, 433–34. 58 “was obviously wrong”: Hayes, Cheney, 477. 59 “getting really bubbled”: Woodward, State of Denial, 399–400. 60 “disconnected from reality”: Kevin Whitelaw, “Hit by Friendly Fire,” U.S. News & World Report, June 19, 2005, http://www.usnews.com/usnews/news/articles/050627/27bush.htm. 61 “It was analog, not digital”: Person close to George W. Bush, author interview. 62 “No one other than the president”: Michele Davis, author interview. 63 wear a metal bracelet: Peter Baker and Dana Milbank, “Bush Says War Is Worth Sacrifice,” Washington Post, June 29, 2005. 64 “Like most Americans”: George W.


pages: 1,773 words: 486,685

Global Crisis: War, Climate Change and Catastrophe in the Seventeenth Century by Geoffrey Parker

agricultural Revolution, British Empire, Climatic Research Unit, colonial rule, creative destruction, currency manipulation / currency intervention, Defenestration of Prague, Edmond Halley, en.wikipedia.org, European colonialism, failed state, Fellow of the Royal Society, financial independence, friendly fire, Google Earth, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Isaac Newton, Johannes Kepler, Joseph Schumpeter, Khyber Pass, mass immigration, Mercator projection, moral hazard, mortgage debt, Peace of Westphalia, Peter Thiel, Republic of Letters, sexual politics, South China Sea, the market place, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, unemployed young men, University of East Anglia, World Values Survey, zero-sum game

At this point his ruler taunts him: ‘Thou wast the first of my kingdom, and commander of all my forces’ – Fairfax's translation deviated from the original so that it matched his own position – ‘but hath mad thy selfe soe vile and contemptable as the very children mock att thee’. Fairfax remained in secluded retirement until his death in 1671.19 Similar sentiments afflicted Manchu Bannerman Dzengšeo, when he witnessed a ‘friendly fire’ incident on his way home after a tough but ultimately victorious campaign against the Three Feudatories (see chapter 5 above), mostly fought in mountains and jungle, often in torrential rain. The death of comrades profoundly upset him, and that night he recorded in his diary: ‘In my heart I was frightened and, to keep myself safe, I pondered: “I have served on a military campaign for ten years, and have not lost my life in battle.”’


Executive Orders by Tom Clancy

affirmative action, Ayatollah Khomeini, card file, defense in depth, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, experimental subject, financial independence, friendly fire, lateral thinking, Monroe Doctrine, one-China policy, out of africa, Own Your Own Home, plutocrats, Plutocrats, rolodex, South China Sea, trade route

The Inter-Vehicle Information System was a data-link network the Army had been playing with for about five years. It had never been tested in combat, and it pleased Al Hamm that he would be the first to prove its worth. His command screens in the M4 got everything. Each single vehicle was both a source and a recipient of information. It began by telling everybody where all friendly units were, which, with GPS location equipment, was accurate to the meter, and that was supposed to prevent blue-on-blue “friendly fire” losses. At the touch of a key, Hamm knew the location of every fighting vehicle he had, plotted on a map which showed all relevant terrain features. In time he would have a similarly accurate picture of enemy dispositions, and with the knowledge of everyone's location came the option to pick his spots. The Saudi 2nd and 5th Brigades were to his northwest, coming down from the Kuwaiti border area.


The power broker : Robert Moses and the fall of New York by Caro, Robert A

Albert Einstein, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, bank run, British Empire, card file, centre right, East Village, friendly fire, ghettoisation, hiring and firing, housing crisis, Internet Archive, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, land reform, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rent control, Right to Buy, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, working poor, Works Progress Administration, young professional

In 1959 this provender was stacked higher than ever in the larders of Moses' authorities: with $92,000,000 worth of contracts for the Throgs Neck Bridge about to be let, $345,000,000 worth of bond issues for the Verrazano- Narrows Bridge firmed up and ready to be sold, and $100,000,000 worth of new bridge-connecting expressways ready to be approved as soon as Moses gave the word to the federal highway officials under his thumb, the Mayor had half a billion reasons to keep him friendly. Firing Moses would cut his—the Mayor's—tie to the source of funds which kept men loyal to a mayor. And to such men no rationale would excuse such an action. What was he supposed to do? Tell Pete Brennan and Van Arsdale that, because of a little heat from the press, they would have to get along without $100,000,000 worth of expressway jobs? Firing Moses would not, moreover, remove Moses from power.