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No Such Thing as Society by Andy McSmith
anti-communist, Ayatollah Khomeini, Berlin Wall, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Bob Geldof, Boris Johnson, British Empire, Brixton riot, call centre, cuban missile crisis, Etonian, F. W. de Klerk, Farzad Bazoft, feminist movement, fixed income, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, full employment, glass ceiling, God and Mammon, greed is good, illegal immigration, index card, John Bercow, Kickstarter, liberal capitalism, light touch regulation, Live Aid, loadsamoney, long peace, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, mortgage debt, mutually assured destruction, negative equity, Neil Kinnock, Nelson Mandela, North Sea oil, Northern Rock, old-boy network, popular capitalism, Right to Buy, Ronald Reagan, Rubik’s Cube, Sloane Ranger, South Sea Bubble, spread of share-ownership, strikebreaker, The Chicago School, union organizing, upwardly mobile, urban decay, Winter of Discontent, young professional
Barrie Clement and Ian Herbert, ‘Still Fighting, 20 Years On’, Independent, 5 March 2004. CHAPTER 9 1. Bob Geldof (with Paul Vallely), Is That It?, Guild Publishing, 1986, pp. 213–4, 215. 2. BBC News, 15 November 1984. 3. This information comes from an unpublished memorandum presented to a ministerial meeting held at the Foreign Office, 28 October 1984, now in the Cabinet Office archives. 4. Note by Charles Powell, private secretary to the prime minister, 29 October 1984; Cabinet Office archives. 5. Bob Geldof, Is That It?, p. 10. 6. Midge Ure, If I Was . . ., the Autobiography, Virgin, 2004, p. 132. 7. Boy George with Spencer Bright, Take It Like a Man: the Autobiography of Boy George, Pan, 1995, pp. 303–4. 8. Martin Kemp, True – The Autobiography of Martin Kemp, Orion, London, 2000, pp. 113–4. 9. Midge Ure, If I Was . . ., p. 145. 10. Bob Geldof, Is That It?, p. 218. 11.
Thatcher was invited to give a video address to the Live Aid concert, but decided not to, though she wrote a supporting letter. When she met Bob Geldof at an awards ceremony a few days later, Thatcher told him: ‘We all, you know, have our own charities.’30 It says something for Thatcher that she never felt the need to be seen with rock stars or other celebrities, but a less appealing side to her was her utter indifference to world poverty. Under other prime ministers, international development was the responsibility of a government department headed by a cabinet minister, but not under Thatcher. Her lengthy memoirs have nothing to say on Africa, Third World aid, Live Aid or Bob Geldof, subjects that just did not interest her. CHAPTER 10 LOADSAMONEY The act that defined the second half of the 1980s was Harry Enfield’s routine, performed on Channel 4’s Friday Night Live in 1988, as an anonymous plasterer boasting about his money.
British history did not end during the 1980s, but it did slow down, because the events of that turbulent decade had settled the way that Britons would be ruled and the way they thought about the world for at least the next quarter of a century. NOTES INTRODUCTION 1. According to Frank Field, Labour MP for Birkenhead, a visitor to a Merseyside Jobcentre would see ‘jobs advertised at £1.20 an hour, £1 an hour, £57.25 a week’, while the best paid ones would offer ‘princely sums of £70 and £91 a week’. Hansard, 17 July 1985, col. 330. 2. People, 14 July 1985. 3. Bob Geldof, with Paul Vallely, Is That It?, Macmillan, 1986, p. 301. 4. Brenda Polan, Guardian, 3 October 1985. 5. Bob Geldof, Is That It?, p. 300. 6. David Pallister, ‘The arms deal they called the dove: how Britain grasped the biggest prize’, Guardian, 15 December 2006. 7. Financial Times, 17 November 1986. 8. By far the best primary source for any words attributed to Margaret Thatcher is the comprehensive archive held at Churchill College, Cambridge, almost all of which is available on the website of the Margaret Thatcher Foundation.
Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is a Better Way for Africa by Dambisa Moyo
affirmative action, Asian financial crisis, Bob Geldof, Bretton Woods, business cycle, buy and hold, colonial rule, correlation does not imply causation, credit crunch, diversification, diversified portfolio, en.wikipedia.org, European colonialism, failed state, financial innovation, financial intermediation, Hernando de Soto, income inequality, information asymmetry, invisible hand, Live Aid, M-Pesa, market fundamentalism, Mexican peso crisis / tequila crisis, microcredit, moral hazard, Ponzi scheme, rent-seeking, Ronald Reagan, sovereign wealth fund, The Chicago School, trade liberalization, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, Washington Consensus, Yom Kippur War
Contents Foreword by Niall Ferguson Preface Introduction PART I The World of Aid 1 The Myth of Aid 2 A Brief History of Aid 3 Aid Is Not Working 4 The Silent Killer of Growth PART II A World without Aid The Republic of Dongo 5 A Radical Rethink of the Aid-Dependency Model 6 A Capital Solution 7 The Chinese Are Our Friends 8 Let’s Trade 9 Banking on the Unbankable Dongo Revisited 10 Making Development Happen Notes Bibliography Acknowledgements Index Foreword by Niall Ferguson It has long seemed to me problematic, and even a little embarrassing, that so much of the public debate about Africa’s economic problems should be conducted by non-African white men. From the economists (Paul Collier, William Easterly, Jeffrey Sachs) to the rock stars (Bono, Bob Geldof), the African discussion has been colonized as surely as the African continent was a century ago. The simple fact that Dead Aid is the work of an African black woman is the least of the reasons why you should read it. But it is a good reason nonetheless. Born and educated in Zambia, Dambisa Moyo also brings to her subject a rare combination of academic expertise and ‘real world’ experience. Her training in economics took her from the World Bank to Harvard and on to Oxford, where she obtained her doctorate.
The pop culture of aid has bolstered these misconceptions. Aid has become part of the entertainment industry. Media figures, film stars, rock legends eagerly embrace aid, proselytize the need for it, upbraid us for not giving enough, scold governments for not doing enough – and governments respond in kind, fearful of losing popularity and desperate to win favour. Bono attends world summits on aid. Bob Geldof is, to use Tony Blair’s own words, ‘one of the people that I admire most’. Aid has become a cultural commodity. Millions march for it. Governments are judged by it. But has more than US$1 trillion in development assistance over the last several decades made African people better off? No. In fact, across the globe the recipients of this aid are worse off; much worse off. Aid has helped make the poor poorer, and growth slower.
Soon everyone would join in. The foreign aid agenda of the 2000s: the rise of glamour aid In 2000, Africa became the focus of orchestrated world-wide pity, and not for the first time. The Nigerian humanitarian catastrophe of Biafra in 1971 (the same year as the Beatle George Harrison’s Concert for Bangladesh) had demanded that the world respond to human catastrophe. Consciousness was raised several notches with Bob Geldof’s 13 July 1985 Live Aid Concert where, with 1.5 billion people watching, public discourse became a public disco. Live Aid had not only been triumphant in bringing Africa’s plight to the wider public; it also trumpeted an era of morality. In the run-up to the new millennium, crusades like the Jubilee Debt Campaign capitalized on people’s desperate desire to be a part of something that would give aid and development policy another dimension.
I Want My MTV: The Uncensored Story of the Music Video Revolution by Craig Marks, Rob Tannenbaum
Bernie Sanders, Bob Geldof, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable:, crack epidemic, crowdsourcing, haute couture, Live Aid, pre–internet, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, sensible shoes, Skype, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, upwardly mobile
I did that deal. About six weeks before the broadcast, Gale Sparrow and I left to form a new company. CURT SMITH: We’d been touring for a year, really hard work. We had five days off and planned a holiday in Hawaii. Then Bob Geldof announced that we were playing Live Aid. He never asked us. Geldof thought he was so powerful that if he announced it, we’d have to say yes, or we’d look like bad people. I was pissed off. Whether we played or not wasn’t going to make a difference to the amount of money raised. So we went on holiday, because that was the only break we had. BOB GELDOF: I didn’t lie or blackmail very much. I had to announce the gig, and I realized that talking on the phone to a band was one thing, but unless their names were in the paper, they weren’t going to commit. Once it was in the paper, they couldn’t back out.
And they’re thinking, Shit, what are we doing that for? But their free programming was selling a zillion records. After the mid-’80s, MTV knew they had the power. That’s when the record companies said, “Please play our record!” instead of “Why should we give you our record?” Chapter 20 “DON’T BE A WANKER ALL YOUR LIFE” “DO THEY KNOW IT’S CHRISTMAS?,” “WE ARE THE WORLD,” AND LIVE AID BOB GELDOF LEARNED ABOUT THE DISASTROUS famine in Ethiopia while watching TV, and he resolved to raise money to feed starving Africans. Geldof was not a music star—his band, the Boomtown Rats, is remembered mostly for the crazy-assassin ballad “I Don’t Like Mondays”—but he knew England was full of pop phenoms, and he gathered them to record a song he cowrote, “Do They Know It’s Christmas?” The success and attention led to “We Are the World,” an American all-star answer record to “Do They Know It’s Christmas?”
“The MTV video jockeys should hide their heads,” USA Today wrote. Live Aid raised close to $300 million, and Geldof was knighted, but the countdown began on the MTV careers of Martha Quinn, Nina Blackwood, Alan Hunter, Mark Goodman, and J.J. Jackson. NIGEL DICK: At Phonogram, I’d made two videos for the Boomtown Rats, when their career was on the way out and the band had no money. One day my boss, Tony Powell, said, “Bob Geldof’s gonna make this charity record over the weekend. You need to shoot a video and figure out how to do it for free. And it needs to be ready by Monday evening.” I had five days to plan, shoot, edit, and complete a video for a song which had yet to be recorded. Which actually had yet to be written. When I showed up on Sunday morning to begin filming “Do They Know It’s Christmas?” nobody was there apart from Geldof and Trevor Horn, the producer.
No Such Thing as a Free Gift: The Gates Foundation and the Price of Philanthropy by Linsey McGoey
activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, agricultural Revolution, American Legislative Exchange Council, bitcoin, Bob Geldof, cashless society, clean water, cognitive dissonance, collapse of Lehman Brothers, colonial rule, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, crony capitalism, effective altruism, Etonian, financial innovation, Food sovereignty, Ford paid five dollars a day, germ theory of disease, hiring and firing, Howard Zinn, income inequality, income per capita, invisible hand, Jane Jacobs, Joseph Schumpeter, liquidationism / Banker’s doctrine / the Treasury view, M-Pesa, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, meta analysis, meta-analysis, microcredit, Mitch Kapor, Mont Pelerin Society, Naomi Klein, obamacare, Peter Singer: altruism, Peter Thiel, plutocrats, Plutocrats, price mechanism, profit motive, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rent-seeking, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, school choice, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), Silicon Valley, Slavoj Žižek, Steve Jobs, strikebreaker, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thorstein Veblen, trickle-down economics, urban planning, wealth creators
According to Elkington and Hartigan, the new breed of socially aware entrepreneur is motivated by a deep sense of injustice at market imbalances that prevent the disadvantaged from accessing market goods. ‘Time and again’, they write, ‘these entrepreneurs have had a life-transforming experience, some sort of an epiphany, that launched them on their current mission’. They note that: ‘Among those who have reported some form of conversion experience are people as diverse as Bob Geldof, Bono, Fazle Abed of BRAC, Bunker Roy of Barefoot College, Roy Prosterman of the Rural Development Institute, and, in the corporate mainstream, Wal-Mart CEO Lee Scott (whose transformative experience came in the wake of Hurricane Katrina)’.8 Unfortunately, specific definitions of what that ‘mission’ may be and how it is accomplished are often quite vague. Lee Scott is mentioned only once in the book.
Although he did spearhead a much-trumpeted ‘sustainability campaign’ during his tenure, a 2013 report published by the Institute for Local Self-Reliance found that Walmart remains a major financial contributor to initiatives focused on blocking laws to mitigate environmental catastrophe, and that Walmart’s use of renewable energy sources is meagre compared to other large corporations. Scott often suggested that competition from rivals hindered Walmart’s ability to raise its notoriously low wages. In his last year as CEO, he received a package in excess of $30 million, and he’s reported to own $220 million worth of Walmart stock. Why Elkington and Hartigan uphold him as a ‘social entrepreneur’ isn’t clear. Let’s look at the others mentioned above. Bono and Bob Geldof’s widely reported global aid efforts have invited praise and derision in equal measure. Geldof’s 2014 re-release of his perennial Christmas single, ‘Do They Know It’s Christmas?’ seemed a particularly inflammatory move, with legions of Africans reacting with either bemusement or outrage. Al Jazeera published some of their responses. Abdullahi Halakhe, a policy analyst based in Kenya, pointed out that ‘the Christian population in Nigeria alone is almost three times the number of Christians in England and Wales.
CHAPTER TWO 1James Wallace and Jim Erickson, Hard Drive: Bill Gates and the Making of the Microsoft Empire (New York: HarperCollins, 1993). 2See Simon Atkinson, ‘Hedge Fund Hippies Have Trip Out’, BBC, 8 June 2006, news.bbc.co.uk. 3Quoted in Freeland, Plutocrats, 58. 4Simon Johnson, ‘The Quiet Coup’, The Atlantic, May 2009. 5Quoted in Freeland, Plutocrats, 67. 6Zoe Williams, ‘Philanthro-Capitalism May Sound Ugly, But It Could Be the Future’, Guardian, 30 March 2012. 7John Elkington and Pamela Hartigan, The Power of Unreasonable People: How Social Entrepreneurs Create Markets That Change the World (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008), 3. 8Ibid., 12. 9Barry Malone, ‘We Got This, Bob Geldof, so Back Off’, Al Jazeera, 18 November 2014, aljazeera.com. 10Jeffrey Skoll, ‘Preface’, in Alex Nicholls, ed., Social Entrepreneurship: New Models of Sustainable Social Change (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), vi. 11Quoted in Nicholls, Social Entrepreneurship, 45. 12Roger Martin and Sally Osberg, ‘Social Entrepreneurship: The Case For Definition’, Stanford Social Innovation Review (Spring 2007), 38. 13Ruth McCambridge, ‘Social Entrepreneurship and Social Innovation: Are They Potentially in Conflict?’
The Challenge for Africa by Wangari Maathai
Berlin Wall, Bob Geldof, carbon footprint, carbon-based life, clean water, colonial rule, corporate social responsibility, deliberate practice, F. W. de Klerk, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Live Aid, Mahatma Gandhi, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, Scramble for Africa, sovereign wealth fund, structural adjustment programs, sustainable-tourism, trade liberalization, transatlantic slave trade, urban planning, War on Poverty, Washington Consensus
Stone had received a number of pledges, totaling $100,000.2 The funds would be donated to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. It is always inspiring to watch famous or wealthy people stretch out their hands to help the poor. There are few well-known Africans who could command the same level of attention from the international media, donor agencies, or governments as Ms. Stone and others like her from the United States or Europe can. Some celebrities, such as Bob Geldof and Bono, who was also in the room that day, speak out forcefully about how current economic and political systems continue to harm Africa—views that they can take to any elected leader in the world and get some results. Nevertheless, once such international personalities have done their part, it is up to the African leadership and people to make sure the resources that result are used appropriately.
A representative image I saw a long time ago and that has stayed with me is that of an emaciated young girl with a distended belly on the cover of a UNICEF magazine. All of us have seen such horrific pictures. They prick our consciences, and may move many of us, including those with money or power, to try to help. Indeed, it was pictures of this kind beamed by the BBC from Ethiopia in 1984 that so disturbed the singers Bob Geldof and Midge Ure that they wrote the pop single “Do They Know It's Christmas?” to support Ethiopian famine relief. Their efforts grew into the fund-raising concerts Live Aid and, twenty years later, Live 8. It also inspired the launch of UK-based Comic Relief, a charity dedicated to eradicating poverty in Africa and elsewhere, and with whom the Green Belt Movement works in Africa. A set of images has dominated the world's view of Africa for centuries, some intended to excuse injustice against the peoples of the continent, others to elicit compassion and wonder.
And certainly, African governments have not paid enough attention to the continent's myriad problems, in part because in Africa they aren't viewed with the same gravity as elsewhere, or be cause communities have become used to them (as may be the case with malaria and other preventable diseases), or because Africans are surrounded by so many challenges that the particular condition being highlighted doesn't seem as problematic to them as it does to those in the developed world. To a degree, these governments may need to be shamed into taking on these problems. An example of this was when Bob Geldof visited Ethiopia in 1985 to see for himself the effects of the famine devastating these proud and confident people. It was only because a Kenyan cameraman, Mohamed Amin, traveled with Geldof that we Kenyans learned about the tragedy unfolding in the country next door. Why weren't we told that our fellow Africans were suffering? Why didn't the Kenyan government mobilize its citizens with the means or skills to assist the victims of the famine, which had been greatly exacerbated by a dictatorship and a devastating civil war that had uprooted the underpinnings of Ethiopia's agricultural economy?
Rockonomics: A Backstage Tour of What the Music Industry Can Teach Us About Economics and Life by Alan B. Krueger
accounting loophole / creative accounting, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Airbnb, autonomous vehicles, bank run, Berlin Wall, bitcoin, Bob Geldof, butterfly effect, buy and hold, creative destruction, crowdsourcing, disintermediation, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, endogenous growth, George Akerlof, gig economy, income inequality, index fund, invisible hand, Jeff Bezos, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, Kenneth Arrow, Kickstarter, Live Aid, Mark Zuckerberg, Moneyball by Michael Lewis explains big data, moral hazard, Network effects, obamacare, offshore financial centre, Paul Samuelson, personalized medicine, pre–internet, price discrimination, profit maximization, random walk, recommendation engine, rent-seeking, Richard Thaler, ride hailing / ride sharing, Saturday Night Live, Skype, Steve Jobs, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, too big to fail, transaction costs, ultimatum game, winner-take-all economy, women in the workforce, Y Combinator, zero-sum game
Here are a few notable examples: Bangladesh George Harrison and his sitar mentor, Ravi Shankar, led two landmark benefit concerts in 1971, and produced a live album and a documentary film for Bangladesh that eventually raised $12 million in humanitarian aid for the new nation, which was overwhelmed by war, natural devastation, and millions of refugees.35 “We Are the World” A charity song written by Michael Jackson and Lionel Richie and produced by Quincy Jones in 1985 that raised over $60 million for humanitarian aid in Africa and the United States. A star-studded cast of more than forty singers appeared on the recording.36 Live Aid Benefit Concerts A pair of concerts organized by the Irish and Scottish musicians Bob Geldof and Midge Ure to raise funds for humanitarian relief for Ethiopia, which was suffering a famine at the time. Over $200 million in donations was raised.37 Countless artists have supported social causes. Nina Simone, Harry Belafonte, Pete Seeger, Mahalia Jackson, Aretha Franklin, and many others are identified with the U.S. civil rights movement. Through her music and political activism, Cyndi Lauper has been an advocate for LGBTQ rights and awareness.
Musicians that I surveyed highlighted the opportunity for artistic expression, performing, and collaboration with others as their favorite aspects of being a musician. They overwhelmingly selected “financial insecurity” as their least liked aspect of being a musician.21 From an economic standpoint, the fact that there is an endless supply of people who are willing to create and perform music virtually for free because of its intrinsic appeal puts downward pressure on incomes in the industry for all but the superstars. In fact, singer/guitarist Bob Geldof lamented to me that in some clubs, bands are required to pay a fee for the privilege of performing.22 As J. P. Mei, an economist and founder of the Shanghai Peking Opera Company, put it, “The idea of a starving artist may be an equilibrium.” Even music superstars are relatively low-paid compared to superstars in other arenas. Billboard magazine compiles a list of the top fifty moneymakers in music each year.
Bob Dylan, Chronicles: Volume One (New York: Pocket Books, 2005). 19. lEIGh5, “Jason Pierce (Spiritualized) Interview: 2011,” Digging a Hole (blog), May 11, 2011, http://guestlisted.blogspot.com/2011/05/jason-pierce-spiritualized-interview.html. 20. Interview with Jacob Collier on Feb. 16, 2018, in Miami Beach. 21. Krueger and Zhen, “Inaugural Music Industry Research Association (MIRA) Survey of Musicians.” 22. Discussion with Bob Geldof on Nov. 17, 2017, at the Hamilton Project Retreat in New York City. 23. These data come from author’s calculations of data on CEO compensation of publicly traded companies, athletes, and musician earnings. See “Equilar | New York Times 200 Highest-Paid CEOs,” Equilar, May 25, 2018; “The World’s Highest-Paid Athletes,” Forbes, June 13, 2018; and Ed Christman, “Billboard’s 2018 Money Makers: 50 Highest-Paid Musicians,” Billboard, Jul. 20, 2018. 24.
Brit-Myth: Who Do the British Think They Are? by Chris Rojek
Bob Geldof, British Empire, business climate, colonial rule, deindustrialization, demand response, full employment, Gordon Gekko, Isaac Newton, Khartoum Gordon, Live Aid, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, means of production, post-industrial society, Red Clydeside, sceptred isle, Stephen Hawking, the market place, urban planning, Winter of Discontent
William Wallace, the Scottish patriot who sought to eject the English from Scotland, is 48th. Freddie Mercury, the camp lead singer of Queen, whose whole life might be interpreted as a rejection of narrow, British masculine conventions, occupies 58th place. James Connolly, one of the Irish revolutionaries who led the 1916 Easter uprising, is 64th. The occultist and drug addict Aleister Crowley is 73rd. Bob Geldof, the pop singer who gained world fame by organizing Live Aid, is 75th. John Lydon (‘Johnny Rotten’), the lead singer of the Sex Pistols, is 87th – one place ahead of Montgomery of Alamein. Bono, the lead singer of u2 and activist for world peace, is number 86. Marie Stopes, the campaigner for women’s rights who was vilified in her day for advocating birth control, is 100th. The late Marxist historian, Christopher Hill, entitled his study of John Bunyan A Turbulent, Seditious and Factious People (1988).
Gates was a pin-up for thousands of teenage girls, but many thought his success was a triumph of spin over talent, and in 2006 his record label Sony bmg chose not to renew his recording contract. Geri Halliwell is a successful, although declining, singer and former Spice Girl. She has also been a un Ambassador of Goodwill. Her position at number nine in the poll perhaps reflects distaste among some sectors of the public at her shrill, girl-next-door ponderings about global issues. Some performers, such as Bob Geldof, can switch from the stage of popular music to politics and retain credibility, but Halliwell seemed less relevant in the political sphere, and her involvement was widely perceived as forced and awkward. Alex Ferguson, the outspoken manager of Manchester United, has probably attracted as many votes from fans of United’s rival teams as for his somewhat ‘traditional’ views about football and man-management.
Me! Me! Me! by Daniel Ruiz Tizon
Just a month later, following on from ‘Wear Purple Friday’ and ‘Bake a Cake Friday’, but just before ‘Do Something Nice Friday’, there was another World Food Day. My suspicions were confirmed. It was not official. This was coming from within. How could you have two World Food Days in the space of a couple of months, I asked my manager. It would be like Live Aid staging another Live Aid before 1985 was even out. At least Bob Geldof had the decency to wait 20 years before inflicting Chris Martin and Live 8 on the world. Having a second World Food Day so soon after the first devalued the original day, which, as my manager reminded me, I’d excused myself from in addition to refusing to turn out for the office’s mixed sex soft ball team. This spate of World Food Days told me everything I needed to know about the type of people I was working with.
They remember too the family that lived there. In fact, they went to school with one of their kids. Their job doesn’t cover the rent they’re paying just to keep a roof over their head. They’re still going to be on that bus every morning, half-asleep and hungry. Next month they’re up in court for trying to pass themselves off as a Syrian who’d fled their homeland just so they could grab a couple of months free boarding at Bob Geldof’s swanky Chelsea pad after the former Boomtown Rats singer made the very public offer. They just wanted some respite from their life. That’s all. Go on. Turn that TV down a notch or two. Be a good neighbour. Old man with too young for him coat It’s the first of November. I have brought my winter coat out this morning to the café. I never wear my winter coat before November. Wear it any earlier and when the cold really kicks in, you’ll feel little benefit.
The Myth of Meritocracy: Why Working-Class Kids Still Get Working-Class Jobs (Provocations Series) by James Bloodworth
Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, Bob Geldof, Boris Johnson, cognitive dissonance, Downton Abbey, gender pay gap, glass ceiling, income inequality, light touch regulation, precariat, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, unpaid internship, upwardly mobile, We are the 99%, zero-sum game
The younger Moss was one of the ‘Sads’, or Sons and Daughters – as the maverick journalist Julie Burchill labelled them – the children of privilege who, as if by magic, had snapped up the same cushy jobs as their older relatives. It would be unfair to single out the Moss clan. In recent years, plenty of other Sads have appeared on Britain’s collective radar. There was Rafferty Law, the son of Jude Law and Sadie Frost (modelling contract); Romeo Beckham, the son of David and Victoria (2013 face of designer brand Burberry); Brooklyn Beckham (stint as a photographer for Burberry); Pixie Geldof, daughter of Bob Geldof and Paula Yates (model, singer and socialite); not to mention Pippa Middleton, the younger sister of the Duchess of Cambridge (columnist and author). Flick through any newspaper or glossy magazine in Britain today and the chances are the children of privilege will be staring straight back at you. It may be the precocious relatives of actors, models and musicians – children like Lottie Moss and Romeo Beckham.
Flash Crash: A Trading Savant, a Global Manhunt, and the Most Mysterious Market Crash in History by Liam Vaughan
algorithmic trading, backtesting, bank run, barriers to entry, Bernie Madoff, Black Swan, Bob Geldof, centre right, collapse of Lehman Brothers, Donald Trump, Elliott wave, eurozone crisis, family office, Flash crash, high net worth, High speed trading, information asymmetry, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, margin call, market design, market microstructure, Nick Leeson, offshore financial centre, pattern recognition, Ponzi scheme, Ralph Nelson Elliott, Ronald Reagan, sovereign wealth fund, spectrum auction, Stephen Hawking, the market place, Tobin tax, tulip mania, yield curve, zero-sum game
Lord Baker, who led the review, concluded it was, but the issue refused to die thanks to a string of high-profile cases, including that of Gary McKinnon, a Glaswegian IT worker who hacked into various U.S. military and NASA computers, leaving messages like “Your security is crap.” McKinnon, who was diagnosed with Asperger’s and suffered from psychotic episodes, said he was looking for evidence of UFOs. His plight became a cause célèbre among MPs and public figures such as David Gilmour, Chrissie Hynde, and Bob Geldof, who recorded a song to drum up awareness. The campaign failed to sway the High Court, but on the eve of McKinnon’s departure, then–home secretary Theresa May intervened to block the extradition on human rights grounds. The case might have provided a useful precedent for Sarao except for the fact that, uncomfortable with the pressure she’d been placed under, May had permanently rescinded the power of the home secretary to consider last-minute representations, removing another possible avenue for appeal.
., Memorandum Opinion and Order, United States District Judge John Robert Blakey, December 3, 2015. is governed by a treaty: The UK-US extradition treaty of 2003. There is a list of possible objections: They are laid out in the Extradition Act of 2003. Lord Baker, who led the review, concluded it was: “A Review of the United Kingdom’s Extradition Arrangements,” the Right Honorable Sir Scott Baker, September 30, 2011. David Gilmour, Chrissie Hynde, and Bob Geldof: The song, released in 2009, was a rerecording of Graham Nash’s “Chicago.” The case might have provided a useful precedent: Theresa May statement on Gary MacKinnon extradition, October 16, 2012, www.gov.uk. Arguing on Nav’s behalf was Lewis: In 2007, for example, Lewis convinced the High Court to block the extradition of hotel magnate and alleged fraudster Stanley Tollman to the United States so he could care for his sick wife.
The White Man's Burden: Why the West's Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good by William Easterly
airport security, anti-communist, Asian financial crisis, bank run, banking crisis, Bob Geldof, Bretton Woods, British Empire, call centre, clean water, colonial exploitation, colonial rule, Edward Glaeser, end world poverty, European colonialism, failed state, farmers can use mobile phones to check market prices, George Akerlof, Gunnar Myrdal, Hernando de Soto, income inequality, income per capita, Indoor air pollution, invisible hand, Kenneth Rogoff, laissez-faire capitalism, land reform, land tenure, Live Aid, microcredit, moral hazard, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, publication bias, purchasing power parity, randomized controlled trial, Ronald Reagan, Scramble for Africa, structural adjustment programs, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, the scientific method, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transaction costs, War on Poverty, Xiaogang Anhui farmers
At Davos in January 2005, British prime minister Tony Blair called for “a big, big push forward” in Africa to reach the Millennium Development Goals, financed by an increase in foreign aid.14 Blair commissioned a “Report for Africa,” which released its findings in March 2005, likewise calling for a “big push.” Gordon Brown and Tony Blair put the cause of ending poverty in Africa at the top of the agenda of the G8 Summit in Scotland in July 2005. Bob Geldof assembled well-known bands for “Live 8” concerts on July 2, 2005, to lobby the G8 leaders to “Make Poverty History” in Africa. Veterans of the 1985 Live Aid concert, such as Elton John and Madonna, performed, as did a younger generation’s bands, such as Coldplay. Hundreds of thousands marched on the G8 Summit for the cause. Live 8’s appeals for helping the poor and its dramatizations of their sufferings were moving, and it is great that rock stars donate their time for the needy and desperate.
The big problem with foreign aid and other Western efforts to transform the Rest is that the people paying the bills are rich people who have very little knowledge of poor people. The rich people demand big actions to solve big problems, which is understandable and compassionate. The Big Plans at the top keep the rich people happy that “something is being done” about such a tragic problem as world poverty. In June 2005, the New York Times ran an editorial advocating a Big Plan for Africa titled “Just Do Something.” Live 8 concert organizer Bob Geldof said, “Something must be done; anything must be done, whether it works or not.21 Something, anything, any Big Plan would take the pressure off the rich to address the critical needs of the poor. Alas, if ineffective big plans take the pressure off the rich to help the poor, there’s the second tragedy, because then the effective piecemeal actions will not happen. The prevalence of ineffective plans is the result of Western assistance happening out of view of the Western public.
Superclass: The Global Power Elite and the World They Are Making by David Rothkopf
airport security, anti-communist, asset allocation, Ayatollah Khomeini, bank run, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, Bob Geldof, Branko Milanovic, Bretton Woods, BRICs, business cycle, carried interest, clean water, corporate governance, creative destruction, crony capitalism, David Brooks, Doha Development Round, Donald Trump, financial innovation, fixed income, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Gini coefficient, global village, high net worth, income inequality, industrial cluster, informal economy, Internet Archive, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, joint-stock company, knowledge economy, liberal capitalism, Live Aid, Long Term Capital Management, Mahatma Gandhi, Mark Zuckerberg, market fundamentalism, Marshall McLuhan, Martin Wolf, mass immigration, means of production, Mexican peso crisis / tequila crisis, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, old-boy network, open borders, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, price mechanism, shareholder value, Skype, special economic zone, Steve Jobs, Thorstein Veblen, too big to fail, trade liberalization, trickle-down economics, upwardly mobile, Vilfredo Pareto, Washington Consensus, William Langewiesche
Their every move is fodder for speculation, in celebrity tabloids, on TV, and throughout the Web. They are more famous and better recognized than almost anyone else on the planet—such is the power and reach of popular culture. A select few of these celebrities have transcended their pop culture status and aspired to use their unrivaled visibility to generate greater influence. Musicians like Bono or Peter Gabriel or Bob Geldof have become regulars at elite assemblies like Davos, but they can also be found behind the scenes, working with government leaders to advance causes like bringing aid to Africa. Bono, for one, has been a whirlwind in recent years, guest editing an issue of Vanity Fair on Africa, creating programs to raise awareness through highly identifiable “red” products that raise money for African causes, and pressing government leaders for debt relief for developing nations.
Just as terrorists try to commandeer that visibility, to capture the new global means of distributing information for their purposes, so can celebrities turn the fact that the cameras and the reporters seek them out into power. For David Beckham or Cristiano Ronaldo, for Michael Jordan or Tiger Woods or any big-name star endorsing a product, this is the power to generate revenue for a client, to draw consumers to merchandise or services associated with them. For others, it can be the power to raise awareness of an issue, to fuel passions and initiate action and mobilize resources, as have Bono, Bob Geldof, Angelina Jolie, and Shakira, the Colombian pop star and UNICEF ambassador. When Shakira tells Chilean president Michelle Bachelet, “Education is not a luxury, it is a right everyone should have,” it may not ring with new insight, but it has many more times the impact than a thousand experts would have. SAVING THE WORLD ONE IDEA AT A TIME Not all of the world-class activists who might be found at Davos or other elite retreats are rock stars, of course.
The Talent Code: Greatest Isn't Born, It's Grown, Here's How by Daniel Coyle
*3 For the sake of updating Eisenstadt, here's a partial list of show business stars who lost a parent before the age of eighteen: Comedy: Steve Allen (1, father), Tim Allen (11, father), Lucille Ball (3, father), Mel Brooks (2, father), Drew Carey (8, father), Charlie Chaplin (12, father), Stephen Colbert (10, father), Billy Crystal (15, father), Eric Idle (6, father), Eddie Izzard (6, father), Bernie Mac (16, mother), Eddie Murphy (8, father), Rosie O'Donnell (11, mother), Molly Shannon (4, mother), Martin Short (17, mother), Red Skelton (infant, father), Tom and Dick Smothers (7 and 8, father), Tracey Ullman (6, father), Fred Willard (11, father). Music: Louis Armstrong, Tony Bennett, 50 Cent, Aretha Franklin, Bob Geldof, Robert Goulet, Isaac Hayes, Jimi Hendrix, Madonna, Charlie Parker. The ignition effect seems to be present in the Beatles (Paul McCartney, 14, mother, and John Lennon, 17, mother) and U2 (Bono, 14, mother, and Larry Mullen, 15, mother). Movies: Cate Blanchett, Orlando Bloom, Mia Farrow, Jane Fonda, Daniel Day-Lewis, Sir Ian McKellen, Robert Redford, Julia Roberts, Martin Sheen, Barbra Streisand, Charlize Theron, Billy Bob Thornton, Benicio del Toro, James Woods.
Assassination Vacation by Sarah Vowell
Therefore, it bothers me that an educational edifice like the National Gallery of Art, which, as the name suggests, is operated by the federal government, fails to commemorate the site of a presidential assassination. Especially considering that once, on vacation in Ireland, I noticed the city of Dublin summoned the wherewithal to erect a plaque on a coffee shop celebrating the place as the site where Bob Geldof wrote the song “Rat Trap.” And “Rat Trap” wasn’t even the Boomtown Rats’ biggest hit. So here’s my paper Garfield plaque. On July 2, Garfield was in the sort of jolly good mood enjoyed by anyone about to escape the inferno that is a Washington summer. Accompanied by his sons Hal and Jim and Secretary of State James G. Blaine, Garfield was on his way out of town, first to attend the graduation ceremony at his alma mater, Williams College, followed by a vacation in Long Branch on the New Jersey shore; Mrs.
Is It Just Me? by Miranda Hart
After a chorus or two, the others became distracted and piped down. You, unaware of this, ploughed on through the chorus, revealing to the assembled crowd that you’d been singing the lyrics as ‘feed the birds’ instead of ‘feed the world’. Yeah, maybe. That might have happened. It did happen. And it happened, I think, because you’d got the song muddled up with ‘Feed the Birds’ from Mary Poppins. I mean, think about it: why on earth would Bob Geldof have been getting so het-up about feeding the birds? What birds would he have been talking about? He’s staging a massive campaign, Band Aid, for starving birds? What birds? You should be ashamed of yourself. All right, fine. Why are you reminding me of all this? It’s for your own good. I want you to know and accept a certain fact about yourself, Little Miranda. You will never, ever, be a music person.
The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries Are Failing and What Can Be Done About It by Paul Collier
air freight, Asian financial crisis, Bob Geldof, British Empire, business cycle, Doha Development Round, failed state, falling living standards, income inequality, mass immigration, out of africa, rent-seeking, Ronald Reagan, structural adjustment programs, trade liberalization, zero-sum game
Pressure works, but it needs to be organized. This is the domain of the NGOs and the rock stars. Again, I have been astonished by the response. World Vision, the largest of the development NGOs, invited me to address their board and we are now working together. Christian Aid will be represented on the advisory board of my research center: they tell me that they have changed staffing on trade policy. Bono and Bob Geldof have both been vigorous and passionate ambassadors for the policy proposals. TED and SKOLL, the two extraordinary conferences for social action, both invited me to speak—you can view the speech on the Internet. So I am hopeful that with new leaders in the international community, a more informed citizenry, and the opportunity provided by the commodity booms, the future of the bottom billion will be better than the past.
How to Run the World: Charting a Course to the Next Renaissance by Parag Khanna
Albert Einstein, Asian financial crisis, back-to-the-land, bank run, blood diamonds, Bob Geldof, borderless world, BRICs, British Empire, call centre, carbon footprint, charter city, clean water, cleantech, cloud computing, commoditize, continuation of politics by other means, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, Deng Xiaoping, Doha Development Round, don't be evil, double entry bookkeeping, energy security, European colonialism, facts on the ground, failed state, friendly fire, global village, Google Earth, high net worth, index fund, informal economy, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, Kickstarter, laissez-faire capitalism, Live Aid, Masdar, mass immigration, megacity, microcredit, mutually assured destruction, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, New Urbanism, off grid, offshore financial centre, oil shock, open economy, out of africa, Parag Khanna, private military company, Productivity paradox, race to the bottom, RAND corporation, reserve currency, Silicon Valley, smart grid, South China Sea, sovereign wealth fund, special economic zone, sustainable-tourism, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, The Wisdom of Crowds, too big to fail, trade liberalization, trickle-down economics, UNCLOS, uranium enrichment, Washington Consensus, X Prize
He also never misses a chance to shame corporate executives, telling the Global Business Council for HIV/AIDS in 2004: “I’d like to talk about getting on the right side of history. If you thought this dinner was off the record, it’s not. History is taking notes right now. Frankly, history couldn’t care less what you or I say tonight. History only cares what we do when we leave, in the weeks, months, years even, that follow.”2 Corporate funding to combat AIDS has grown year after year. Bono’s sometimes partner in crime, British ex-rocker Bob Geldof, is known for a less subtle approach. At Live Aid in 1985, he simply screamed into the microphone, “Give us the fucking money!” As far as the people of destitute villages are concerned, it doesn’t matter if the person bringing freshwater, food, or vouchers is bug-eyed Bono or a stiff man in a suit—it’s what he delivers that matters. Even absent an “Actors Without Borders” organization, the celebrity-diplomat model has rapidly spread from West to East.
When China Rules the World: The End of the Western World and the Rise of the Middle Kingdom by Martin Jacques
Admiral Zheng, Asian financial crisis, Berlin Wall, Bob Geldof, Bretton Woods, BRICs, British Empire, credit crunch, Dava Sobel, deindustrialization, Deng Xiaoping, deskilling, discovery of the americas, Doha Development Round, energy security, European colonialism, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, global reserve currency, global supply chain, illegal immigration, income per capita, invention of gunpowder, James Watt: steam engine, joint-stock company, Kenneth Rogoff, land reform, land tenure, lateral thinking, Malacca Straits, Martin Wolf, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, new economy, New Urbanism, one-China policy, open economy, Pearl River Delta, pension reform, price stability, purchasing power parity, reserve currency, rising living standards, Ronald Reagan, Scramble for Africa, Silicon Valley, South China Sea, sovereign wealth fund, special drawing rights, special economic zone, spinning jenny, Spread Networks laid a new fibre optics cable between New York and Chicago, the scientific method, Thomas L Friedman, trade liberalization, urban planning, Washington Consensus, Westphalian system, Xiaogang Anhui farmers, zero-sum game
., Cultural Encounters on China’s Ethnic Frontiers (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1995) Hawksworth, John, and Gordon Cookson, ‘The World in 2050 - Beyond the BRICs: A Broader Look at Emerging Market Growth Prospects’, March 2008, posted on www.pwc.com, p. 3 Heisbourg, François, ‘Europe Must Be Realistic About Life After Bush’, Financial Times, 6 February 2008 Held, David, Democracy and the Global Order: From the Modern State to Cosmopolitan Governance (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1995) Hendry, Joy, ed., Interpreting Japanese Society: Anthropological Approaches (London: Routledge, 1986) Higashinakano, Shudo, The Nanking Massacre: Facts Versus Fiction, A Historian’s Quest for the Truth (Tokyo: Sekai Shuppan, Inc., 2005) Higgins, Charlotte, It’s All Greek to Me (London: Short Books, 2008) Hilsum, Lindsey, ‘China, Africa and the G8 - or Why Bob Geldof Needs to Wake Up’, in Leni Wild and David Mepham, eds, The New Sinosphere (London: Institute for Public Policy Research, 2006) Ho, P. Y., and F. P. Lisowski, A Brief History of Chinese Medicine and Its Influence (Singapore: World Scientific, 1998) Hobsbawn, Eric, The Age of Empire 1875- 1914 (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1987) ——Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century 1914- 1991 (London: Michael Joseph, 1994) ——‘America’s Neo-conservative World Supremacists Will Fail’, Guardian, 25 June 2005 ——Globalisation, Democracy, and Terrorism (London: Little, Brown, 2007) Howell, Jude, ed., Governance in China (Oxford: Roman and Littlefield, 2004) Hu Angang, ‘Five Major Scale Effects of China’s Rise’, unpublished seminar paper, East Asia Institute, National University of Singapore, 2005 ——‘Green Development: The Inevitable Choice for China, Parts One and Two’, posted on www.chinadialogue.net (accessed 2/6/08) Huang Ping, ‘“Beijing Consensus”, or “Chinese Experiences”, or What?’
French, ‘Chinese See a Continent Rich with Possibilities’, International Herald Tribune, 15 June 2007. 22 . Sautman and Yan, ‘Honour and Shame?’, p. 59. 23 . Alden, China in Africa, pp. 52-3. 24 . Ibid., pp. 52-3, 55, 84-5. 25 . Abah Ofon, ‘South-South Co-operation: Can Africa Thrive with Chinese Investment? ’, in Wild and Mepham, The New Sinosphere, p. 27. 26 . Lindsey Hilsum, ‘China, Africa and the G8 - or Why Bob Geldof Needs to Wake Up’, in Wild and Mepham, The New Sinosphere, pp. 6-7. 27 . Mark Curtis and Claire Hickson, ‘Arming and Alarming? Arms Exports, Peace and Security’, in Wild and Mepham, The New Sinosphere, p. 41. 28 . Alden, China in Africa, p. 26. 29 . Interview with Jeffrey Sachs, ‘Africa’s Long Road Out of Poverty’, International Herald Tribune, 11 April 2007. 30 . Marks, introduction in Manji and Marks, African Perspectives on China in Africa, p. 5. 31 .
Bedsit Disco Queen: How I Grew Up and Tried to Be a Pop Star by Tracey Thorn
Up until that point I had only half cared about music, but this moment marked the point when I changed – not as many of my immediate elders changed, from people who liked Genesis into people who liked The Clash – from someone who had barely noticed pop music and didn’t seem to care much either way, into someone who cared about very little else. Mind you, I should also be honest and admit that at this stage my interest was still largely that of your average hormonally afflicted Bay City Rollers fan – i.e., I fancied them. 7 Aug – ‘Steve Jones – CCORR!!!’ 6 Oct – ‘J. J. Burnel is so hunky!! Luv his jeans!!*???!!** 3 Nov – ‘David Bowie was on TOTP. Boy, he’s so hunky’ 1 Dec – ‘Bob Geldof is so gorgeous’ And so on, and so on … At this point I was simply having fun with it all in a quite uncomplicated way, still just a fourteen-year-old pop fan. Sadly this phase didn’t last long, and as it began to occur to me that liking punk was, or was supposed to be, somehow different to liking David Essex, things got more awkward, especially at home. It goes without saying that the teenage years can be ‘difficult’, and that problems at school and with your parents are perhaps more the rule than the exception – but even given all this, the period of punk, and of punk’s influence, was a particularly problematic time to be a teenager.
The Internet Is Not the Answer by Andrew Keen
"Robert Solow", 3D printing, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, Airbnb, AltaVista, Andrew Keen, augmented reality, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, bitcoin, Black Swan, Bob Geldof, Burning Man, Cass Sunstein, citizen journalism, Clayton Christensen, clean water, cloud computing, collective bargaining, Colonization of Mars, computer age, connected car, creative destruction, cuban missile crisis, David Brooks, disintermediation, disruptive innovation, Donald Davies, Downton Abbey, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Filter Bubble, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Frank Gehry, Frederick Winslow Taylor, frictionless, full employment, future of work, gig economy, global village, Google bus, Google Glasses, Hacker Ethic, happiness index / gross national happiness, income inequality, index card, informal economy, information trail, Innovator's Dilemma, Internet of things, Isaac Newton, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, Joi Ito, Joseph Schumpeter, Julian Assange, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, Kodak vs Instagram, Lean Startup, libertarian paternalism, lifelogging, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, Martin Wolf, Metcalfe’s law, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Nate Silver, Nelson Mandela, Network effects, new economy, Nicholas Carr, nonsequential writing, Norbert Wiener, Norman Mailer, Occupy movement, packet switching, PageRank, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, Paul Graham, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer rental, Peter Thiel, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Potemkin village, precariat, pre–internet, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Metcalfe, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Skype, smart cities, Snapchat, social web, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, TaskRabbit, Ted Nelson, telemarketer, The Future of Employment, the medium is the message, the new new thing, Thomas L Friedman, Travis Kalanick, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, Uber for X, uber lyft, urban planning, Vannevar Bush, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks, winner-take-all economy, working poor, Y Combinator
Technology, it seemed, was a force both for the creative and economic good. Everyone was replacing their vinyl records with the more convenient and cleaner-sounding CDs and the eighties were extremely profitable years for the recorded music industry, creating many thousands of new jobs and investment opportunities. HMV had even invested in the largest music store in the world on Oxford Street, a three-story, 60,000-square-foot building that had been opened by Bob Geldof in a October 1986 ceremony that not only attracted “tens of thousands of people” but also shut down Europe’s major shopping street.3 Back then, the economic promise of the music business certainly offered a vivid contrast to the sad fate of my family’s fashion fabric business. It had gone bankrupt in the mideighties, a victim of rapidly changing technology and fashion. An off-the-rack dress shop had replaced Falbers Fabrics on Oxford Street.
The Comedy Film Nerds Guide to Movies by Graham Elwood, Chris Mancini
The Story of Anvil, which is also pretty touching. HONORABLE MENTIONS: The Buddy Holly Story (1978) This retelling of Buddy Holly’s life pissed off one-time Cricket Sonny Curtis so much that he wrote the song “The Real Buddy Holly Story.” Like American Graffiti, it contains the always enjoyable Charles Martin Smith. Get your facts elsewhere and have 114 minutes of fun! Pink Floyd The Wall (1982) This was the last time Sir Bob Geldof was cool. Blue Velvet (1986) There are few creepier scenes than Dean Stockwell lip synching Roy Orbison’s “In Dreams” into a mechanic’s work light. Who Is Harry Nilsson (And Why Is Everybody Talkin’ About Him?) (2010) This documentary tells the story of an angelic voiced upstart who grew up in a New York City slum and wound up part of rock royalty. John Lennon and The Beatles were among Harry Nilsson’s drinking buddies and biggest fans.
The Future of Capitalism: Facing the New Anxieties by Paul Collier
"Robert Solow", accounting loophole / creative accounting, Airbnb, assortative mating, bank run, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, Bob Geldof, bonus culture, business cycle, call centre, central bank independence, centre right, Commodity Super-Cycle, computerized trading, corporate governance, creative destruction, cuban missile crisis, David Brooks, delayed gratification, deskilling, Donald Trump, eurozone crisis, financial deregulation, full employment, George Akerlof, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, greed is good, income inequality, industrial cluster, information asymmetry, intangible asset, Jean Tirole, job satisfaction, Joseph Schumpeter, knowledge economy, late capitalism, loss aversion, Mark Zuckerberg, minimum wage unemployment, moral hazard, negative equity, New Urbanism, Northern Rock, offshore financial centre, out of africa, Peace of Westphalia, principal–agent problem, race to the bottom, rent control, rent-seeking, rising living standards, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, sovereign wealth fund, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, theory of mind, too big to fail, trade liberalization, urban planning, web of trust, zero-sum game
Here are a few pencils if you can finish it. Invariably, the reaction is a stampede. Teachers have broken down in tears as children who have never willingly picked up a pencil write as if their lives depended on it. And everything gets followed up: Rotherham classes have published collections of poems distributed around the world; the Royal Shakespeare Theatre Company has come and performed for them; Bob Geldof has written a story for them. Appetites can be ignited; habits can be changed. This brilliant initiative – the creation of one impassioned woman – can be scaled up and modified to fit different local contexts. Already it has attracted delegations from China and South Korea. Yes, this is Rotherham that East Asians are learning from, not Hampstead. If they can do it, so perhaps can you.12 There are many other such actions that can help children outside school.
Frommer's Irreverent Guide to Las Vegas by Mary Herczog, Jordan S. Simon
You can get married in the Cherub Chariot underneath a canopy of chubby angels and twinkling stars, enjoy a dignified wedding in a gazebo surrounded by fountains, or soar in a floral hot air balloon accommodating up to 14 guests ($500 and up), called “The Little Chapel in the Sky.” The most tranquil is Little Church of The West (tel 800/821-2452; 4617 Las Vegas Blvd. S.; www.littlechurchlv.com), open for business since 1942. Elvis Presley and Ann-Margret staged a happy ending here in Viva Las Vegas, and movie-mad Japanese have invaded in droves ever since. Real-life celebrity hitchings include Dudley Moore, Judy Garland, Bob Geldof, Zsa DIVERSIONS 122 Zsa Gabor, Cindy Crawford, and Mickey Rooney—who married all eight of his wives here, starting with Ava Gardner. (What were the others, especially number 8, thinking?) The faux-pine cabin has a certain rustic charm, with an adorable steeple and bell tower, delightful garden, and, inside, cedar-paneled tower, candelabras, and lace curtains. Graceland Wedding Chapel (tel 800/8245732; 619 Las Vegas Blvd.
The Great Disruption: Why the Climate Crisis Will Bring on the End of Shopping and the Birth of a New World by Paul Gilding
airport security, Albert Einstein, Bob Geldof, BRICs, carbon footprint, clean water, cleantech, Climategate, commoditize, corporate social responsibility, creative destruction, decarbonisation, energy security, Exxon Valdez, failed state, fear of failure, income inequality, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Joseph Schumpeter, market fundamentalism, mass immigration, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, new economy, nuclear winter, oil shock, peak oil, Ponzi scheme, purchasing power parity, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, union organizing, University of East Anglia
We thought we could lift people out of poverty simply by increasing the amount of stuff and wealth in the whole system, without having to engage in the difficult question of redistribution of wealth—everyone could have more, so everyone could be happy! Of course, there has long been a significant social movement calling for us to take stronger action to eliminate poverty and realize our full potential as humanity. Joining millions of people around the world who campaign on such issues have been rock star activists like Bob Geldof and Bono, who have engaged the broad public with excellent campaigns like “Make Poverty History.” But fundamentally, the response has still been premised on economic growth, the idea that everyone could have more. The logic and morality of this call to end poverty have grown stronger as we have grown richer. Global economic growth has meant that there is now more than enough to go around. We produce more calories, for example, than are needed to sustain the world population.
The Big Necessity: The Unmentionable World of Human Waste and Why It Matters by Rose George
American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, Anton Chekhov, Bob Geldof, Celtic Tiger, clean water, glass ceiling, indoor plumbing, informal economy, job satisfaction, John Snow's cholera map, joint-stock company, land reform, low cost airline, Nelson Mandela, New Urbanism, Pepto Bismol, Potemkin village, Report Card for America’s Infrastructure, Steven Pinker, urban planning
It is hard to supply clean water when that clean water is contaminated by overflowing pit latrines or filthy fingernails. “We can get celebrities to talk about water,” a WaterAid employee tells me. “But none of them want to be pictured on a toilet.” Clean water gushing from a new hand pump makes for great press coverage. Accompanying a child to her new latrine does not. WaterAid probably isn’t fussy. If there’s no Bono or Bob Geldof, they’ll take a regular politician who champions sanitation. Except there aren’t many of those, either. There are some subjects that politicians just don’t like, and sanitation is among them. A sanitation expert with several decades of experience tells me he can list the influential political figures in sanitation on one hand. He rethinks. Half of one hand. “Maybe politicians will run on a platform of water for all or houses for all,” he says.
Le Freak: An Upside Down Story of Family, Disco, and Destiny by Nile Rodgers
The rest of her set was almost irrelevant. Nothing could top that zinger. With one line she told us she was human. She’d been poor and had to do a job for money to make ends meet, and who can’t relate to that? But she wasn’t anybody’s boy toy, no matter what her belt buckle said. After her set was through, she graciously played tambourine and sang backing vocals with the Thompson Twins. Most of the day’s musical press was about Bob Geldof, David Bowie and Mick Jagger’s “Dancing in the Streets” (which I also produced as a single), the band Queen’s historic London performance, and Phil Collins’s transatlantic London-and-Philly adventure (he performed his own set in both venues, and in Philly also played with Led Zeppelin alongside Chic’s drummer Tony Thompson). But Madonna’s perfect one-liner captured a moment in its own right. It was never just the music with Madonna.
The Verdict: Did Labour Change Britain? by Polly Toynbee, David Walker
banking crisis, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Bob Geldof, Boris Johnson, call centre, central bank independence, congestion charging, Corn Laws, Credit Default Swap, decarbonisation, deglobalization, deindustrialization, Etonian, failed state, first-past-the-post, Frank Gehry, gender pay gap, Gini coefficient, high net worth, hiring and firing, illegal immigration, income inequality, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), knowledge economy, labour market flexibility, market bubble, mass immigration, millennium bug, moral panic, North Sea oil, Northern Rock, offshore financial centre, pension reform, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, profit maximization, purchasing power parity, Right to Buy, shareholder value, Skype, smart meter, stem cell, The Spirit Level, too big to fail, University of East Anglia, working-age population, Y2K
At the Gleneagles summit in 2005 Blair had secured promises to increase aid, especially to Africa. Such countries as Ghana, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda, where the UK was a big donor, saw growth and less poverty. The UK was largely a bystander as Zimbabwe collapsed, pushing millions across the Limpopo into South Africa, whose ANC government refused to put pressure on its former comrade-in-arms, Robert Mugabe. Blair established an Africa Commission, Bob Geldof among its members, which underpinned declarations at the Gleneagles summit. But it had little effect in the horn of Africa, or the Sudan or the Ivory Coast, where war and dictatorship – and misaligned French and UK policies – thwarted development. Humanitarian disasters became more common; in 2001–2, with the Department for International Development providing £279 million in aid, the UK was the second largest donor of humanitarian aid for disasters.
Were You Born on the Wrong Continent? by Thomas Geoghegan
Albert Einstein, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, Bob Geldof, collective bargaining, corporate governance, cross-subsidies, dark matter, David Brooks, declining real wages, deindustrialization, ending welfare as we know it, facts on the ground, Gini coefficient, haute cuisine, income inequality, John Maynard Keynes: Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, laissez-faire capitalism, low skilled workers, Martin Wolf, McJob, minimum wage unemployment, mittelstand, offshore financial centre, Paul Samuelson, payday loans, pensions crisis, plutocrats, Plutocrats, purchasing power parity, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Robert Gordon, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thorstein Veblen, union organizing, Wolfgang Streeck, women in the workforce
The strangest thing I saw this year is a video on YouTube, with a kind of hip-hop sound track, about a lot of German kids on strike. These were IG Metall–type apprentices, and they weren’t like the kids in the cafés. Instead they wore black-and-white car coats and were from obscure little German towns, but all of them were marching, at night, both boys and girls, striking against the big global companies for not delivering on jobs. At about the same time as the strike, IG Metall held a rock concert with Bob Geldof, which drew fifty thousand people, mostly kids. Here’s a shocking thing to a U.S. labor lawyer like me: in 2008, youth membership in IG Metall—kids under twenty-seven who voluntarily pay union dues—climbed yet again, this time by 6 percent. At last count, IG Metall had over two hundred thousand of these kids! As someone who ran for public office and found out why campaign staffs think it a waste of time even to bother with younger people, I wish I could get across how stunning a thing that is.
The Divide: A Brief Guide to Global Inequality and Its Solutions by Jason Hickel
Andrei Shleifer, Asian financial crisis, Atahualpa, Bartolomé de las Casas, Bernie Sanders, Bob Geldof, Bretton Woods, British Empire, Cape to Cairo, capital controls, carbon footprint, clean water, collective bargaining, colonial rule, David Attenborough, David Graeber, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, declining real wages, dematerialisation, Doha Development Round, Elon Musk, European colonialism, falling living standards, financial deregulation, Fractional reserve banking, Francisco Pizarro, full employment, Hans Rosling, happiness index / gross national happiness, Howard Zinn, income inequality, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), investor state dispute settlement, James Watt: steam engine, laissez-faire capitalism, land reform, land value tax, liberal capitalism, Live Aid, Mahatma Gandhi, Monroe Doctrine, Mont Pelerin Society, moral hazard, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, out of africa, plutocrats, Plutocrats, purchasing power parity, race to the bottom, rent control, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, Scramble for Africa, shareholder value, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Simon Kuznets, structural adjustment programs, The Chicago School, The Spirit Level, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, transfer pricing, trickle-down economics, Washington Consensus, WikiLeaks, women in the workforce, Works Progress Administration
The story of development remains a compelling force in our society to this day. We encounter it everywhere we turn: in the form of charity shops like Oxfam and Traid, in TV ads from Save the Children and World Vision, in annual reports published by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, and every time we see the world’s nations ranked by GDP. We hear it from rock stars like Bono and Bob Geldof, from billionaires like Bill Gates and George Soros, and from actors like Madonna and Angelina Jolie, khaki-clad and mobbed by eager African children. We get it in the form of Live Aid concerts and celebrity fundraising singles like ‘Do They Know It’s Christmas?’, which somehow manages to crop up every year. Every major university offers degree programmes in development, and a whole class of professionals has emerged to staff the thousands of NGOs that have sprung up over the past few decades.
Philanthrocapitalism by Matthew Bishop, Michael Green, Bill Clinton
Albert Einstein, anti-communist, barriers to entry, battle of ideas, Bernie Madoff, Bob Geldof, Bonfire of the Vanities, business process, business process outsourcing, Charles Lindbergh, clean water, cleantech, corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, Dava Sobel, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, don't be evil, family office, financial innovation, full employment, global pandemic, global village, God and Mammon, Hernando de Soto, high net worth, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, James Dyson, John Harrison: Longitude, joint-stock company, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, Live Aid, lone genius, Marc Andreessen, market bubble, mass affluent, microcredit, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, new economy, offshore financial centre, old-boy network, peer-to-peer lending, performance metric, Peter Singer: altruism, plutocrats, Plutocrats, profit maximization, profit motive, Richard Feynman, risk tolerance, risk-adjusted returns, Ronald Coase, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Slavoj Žižek, South Sea Bubble, sovereign wealth fund, stem cell, Steve Jobs, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas Malthus, Thorstein Veblen, trade liberalization, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, wealth creators, winner-take-all economy, working poor, World Values Survey, X Prize
ONE SIGN OF the seriousness of some celanthropists is the growing institutionalization of their philanthropy, including the establishment of foundations and hiring of professional philanthropic advisers. But by far the most businesslike example of celanthropic organization building is the formation of One. Its roots extend back to the Band Aid record of 1984 and Live Aid concert of 1985, organized by Irish rock musician Bob Geldof and featuring Bono. As well as raising lots of money, these had generated massive publicity about the problems of developing countries and turned a generation into activists. A newly elected backbench MP called Tony Blair founded the Band Aid cross-party Parliamentary committee. Eventually, encouraged by British activist Jamie Drumond, Bono and Geldof became involved in another campaign, Jubilee 2000, built on the fact that the interest owed by Ethiopia each year on its debt dwarfed the money raised by Live Aid—and that many other poor countries were in a similar position.
Checkpoint Charlie by Iain MacGregor
But as soon as West German officials were gone, unknown concert staff swiveled the speakers in the direction of the GDR once more. Afterward, a Stasi report complained that the country had been double-crossed by the western authorities but that a wind traveling from east to west had mitigated much of the effect. At the very least, it all illustrated there was a huge appetite in East Germany for the kind of large-scale gigs that now occurred regularly around the globe since the heady days of Bob Geldof’s all-day concert to raise money for famine relief in Africa, Live Aid. That event had signaled to many governments and politicians the power of popular music to reach a global audience, and how if promoted correctly it could shed light on causes, people, and perhaps even countries. The Tunnel of Love Express tour wasn’t in the tradition of Bruce’s previous tours of visiting numerous cities and venues across many months.
A Game as Old as Empire: The Secret World of Economic Hit Men and the Web of Global Corruption by Steven Hiatt; John Perkins
addicted to oil, airline deregulation, Andrei Shleifer, Asian financial crisis, Berlin Wall, big-box store, Bob Geldof, Bretton Woods, British Empire, capital controls, centre right, clean water, colonial rule, corporate governance, corporate personhood, deglobalization, deindustrialization, Doha Development Round, energy security, European colonialism, financial deregulation, financial independence, full employment, global village, high net worth, land reform, large denomination, liberal capitalism, Long Term Capital Management, Mexican peso crisis / tequila crisis, Mikhail Gorbachev, moral hazard, Naomi Klein, new economy, North Sea oil, offshore financial centre, oil shock, Ponzi scheme, race to the bottom, reserve currency, Ronald Reagan, Scramble for Africa, statistical model, structural adjustment programs, too big to fail, trade liberalization, transatlantic slave trade, transfer pricing, union organizing, Washington Consensus, working-age population, Yom Kippur War
Edward Alden, David Pilling, and Hugh Williamson, “Export Credit Agencies’ Graft Crackdown Stalls,” Financial Times, February 15, 2006. 11 G8 debt relief programs will cut less than 1 percent of the $3.2 trillion that developing countries still owe—and their harsh terms will exact additional hardship. What’s next for the debt relief campaign? The Mirage of Debt Relief James S. Henry We should have known that it was high time to study the fine print when veteran rock stars Bono and Bob Geldof, film stars Angelina Jolie and George Clooney, liberal comedian Al Franken, U.S. Treasury Secretary John Snow, World Bank President Paul Wolfowitz, and the UK’s Gordon Brown and Tony Blair all lined up on the same side of the field to cheer the G8’s July 2005 decision to provide “$40 billion of debt relief” to poor, heavily indebted developing countries. One might have expected self-effacing politicians like Brown and Blair to hail the agreement.
It's Our Turn to Eat by Michela Wrong
Berlin Wall, Bob Geldof, Bretton Woods, British Empire, clean water, colonial rule, Doha Development Round, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, financial independence, Kibera, Mahatma Gandhi, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nelson Mandela, oil shock, out of africa, profit motive, Ronald Reagan, structural adjustment programs, upwardly mobile, young professional, zero-sum game, éminence grise
The Make Poverty History campaign, pushing for the cancellation of Africa's foreign debt and dramatic increases in Western aid levels, was gathering momentum. Jeffrey Sachs, the brilliant American economist who campaigned in favour of a massive hike in funding, appeared to have won the emotional, if not the intellectual, argument. Other analysts might shake their heads at Sachs's simplistic formula for the continent's recovery, but he had successfully wooed pop-star campaigners like Bono and Sir Bob Geldof, and their ability to mobilise a younger generation bored by traditional politics awed Western governments. Whether on the right or left, political parties realised that promising to ‘save’ Africa was a potential vote-winner in the eyes of an idealistic coming generation. No wonder members of the African elite, aware of these pressures, sometimes sounded unappetisingly smug when contemplating tortured Western attitudes to the continent.
Three Years in Hell: The Brexit Chronicles by Fintan O'Toole
airport security, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, blockchain, Bob Geldof, Boris Johnson, British Empire, centre right, cognitive dissonance, congestion charging, deindustrialization, deliberate practice, Dominic Cummings, Donald Trump, Double Irish / Dutch Sandwich, Downton Abbey, Etonian, eurozone crisis, facts on the ground, Fall of the Berlin Wall, first-past-the-post, full employment, income inequality, l'esprit de l'escalier, labour mobility, late capitalism, open borders, Slavoj Žižek, South China Sea, technoutopianism, zero-sum game
While the British concession to the Irish position was no more than the beginning of a solution, it was ‘sufficient progress’ for the EU to conclude when its leaders meet on 14 and 15 December that they could at last open trade talks with the British. Yet Tusk’s tweet was inadvertently ominous. It was a play on ‘I Don’t Like Mondays’, a hit song in 1979 by the Irish rock band the Boomtown Rats. The song in turn was inspired by a mass shooting in a US school playground. Asked why she did it, the shooter, a sixteen-year-old girl, replied, ‘I don’t like Mondays. This livens up the day.’ The lyrics, written and sung by Bob Geldof, now a prominent campaigner against Brexit, had her adding that ‘I wanna shoot that whole day down’. Within hours of Tusk’s playfully optimistic tweet, Monday’s hopes would indeed be shot down. The shots came from Arlene Foster, the leader of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), a right-wing Evangelical party in Northern Ireland, whose ten members of the Westminster Parliament are keeping Theresa May’s minority government in office.
Londongrad: From Russia With Cash; The Inside Story of the Oligarchs by Mark Hollingsworth, Stewart Lansley
Berlin Wall, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Bob Geldof, business intelligence, corporate governance, corporate raider, credit crunch, crony capitalism, Donald Trump, energy security, Etonian, F. W. de Klerk, income inequality, kremlinology, mass immigration, mega-rich, Mikhail Gorbachev, offshore financial centre, paper trading, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Plutonomy: Buying Luxury, Explaining Global Imbalances, rent-seeking, Ronald Reagan, Skype, Sloane Ranger
People at best don’t help each other; at worst they make it worse for each other. They compete with each other.’12 An extravagant and eccentric dresser, Evgeny Lebedev was educated at Holland Park School, Mill Hill School, then the LSE, and also studied art history. In 2006 Tatler listed Lebedev as the third most eligible bachelor in Britain. Later that year, at a George Michael concert at Earl’s Court, he sat alongside Kate Moss and Bob Geldof in the VIP enclosure. Charismatic and an energetic late-night socialite, the young Lebedev owns and operates a Japanese restaurant, Sake No Hana, in St James’s Street, just a few doors down from White’s, the epitome of British establishment private clubs. His father, Alexander Lebedev, had been born into a Moscow academic family, studied economics, and gained a PhD on Russia’s foreign debt. He joined the KGB in the early 1980s and was dispatched to London in 1988 as an intelligence officer, operating out of a flat on Kensington High Street on a monthly salary of £700.
The Attention Merchants: The Epic Scramble to Get Inside Our Heads by Tim Wu
1960s counterculture, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, AltaVista, Andrew Keen, anti-communist, Apple II, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, barriers to entry, Bob Geldof, borderless world, Brownian motion, Burning Man, Cass Sunstein, citizen journalism, colonial rule, East Village, future of journalism, George Gilder, Golden Gate Park, Googley, Gordon Gekko, housing crisis, informal economy, Internet Archive, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, jimmy wales, Live Aid, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, McMansion, Nate Silver, Network effects, Nicholas Carr, placebo effect, post scarcity, race to the bottom, road to serfdom, Saturday Night Live, science of happiness, self-driving car, side project, Silicon Valley, slashdot, Snapchat, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Ted Nelson, telemarketer, the built environment, The Chicago School, the scientific method, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, Tim Cook: Apple, Torches of Freedom, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, white flight, zero-sum game
Answering the problem would once again mean drawing inspiration from the past, in this case the 1950s. While many people were probably drawn to the same idea, in 1994 a British producer named Charlie Parsons pitched the idea of mixing The Real World’s documentary format with a 1950s game show structure and dramatic competition. The idea was called, fittingly, a “documentary game show.” As part of a production team, including Bob Geldof, onetime lead singer of the Boomtown Rats and later the founder of Live Aid, Parsons pitched the new format to Swedish public television. Originally named Castaway and later Expedition Robinson, the show, set on a remote desert island, staged an ongoing physical competition under constant surveillance. The sixteen contestants were divided into two “tribes,” who would live on the island for about a month; at the end of each episode, one player would be voted off the island by the others.19 The show was a hit in Sweden, and when Parsons sold it elsewhere it was renamed Survivor.
Apocalypse Never: Why Environmental Alarmism Hurts Us All by Michael Shellenberger
Albert Einstein, Asperger Syndrome, Bernie Sanders, Bob Geldof, carbon footprint, Cesare Marchetti: Marchetti’s constant, clean water, Corn Laws, coronavirus, corporate social responsibility, correlation does not imply causation, cuban missile crisis, decarbonisation, deindustrialization, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Donald Trump, Elon Musk, energy transition, failed state, Gary Taubes, global value chain, Google Earth, hydraulic fracturing, index fund, Indoor air pollution, indoor plumbing, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Internet Archive, land tenure, Live Aid, LNG terminal, long peace, manufacturing employment, mass immigration, meta analysis, meta-analysis, off grid, oil shale / tar sands, Potemkin village, purchasing power parity, Ralph Nader, renewable energy transition, Steven Pinker, supervolcano, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, too big to fail, trade route, union organizing, WikiLeaks, Y2K
In the fall of that year, more than six thousand Extinction Rebellion activists blocked the five main bridges that cross the River Thames, which flows through London, preventing people from getting to work or home.1 The organization’s main spokesperson made alarming claims on national television. “Billions of people are going to die.” “Life on Earth is dying.” And, “Governments aren’t addressing it.”2 By 2019, Extinction Rebellion had attracted the support of leading celebrities, including actors Benedict Cumberbatch and Stephen Fry, pop stars Ellie Goulding and Thom Yorke, 2019 Oscar-winning actress Olivia Colman, Live Aid producer Bob Geldof, and Spice Girl Mel B. While Extinction Rebellion may not have been representative of all environmentalists, nearly half of Britons surveyed told pollsters they supported the group.3 And the British were not alone. In September 2019, a survey of thirty thousand people around the world found that 48 percent believed climate change would make humanity extinct.4 But by the fall of that same year, public support for Extinction Rebellion, including the sympathy of journalists, rapidly declined after the organization shut down streets and public transit throughout London.
The Stuff of Thought: Language as a Window Into Human Nature by Steven Pinker
airport security, Albert Einstein, Bob Geldof, colonial rule, conceptual framework, correlation does not imply causation, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, David Brooks, Douglas Hofstadter, en.wikipedia.org, experimental subject, fudge factor, George Santayana, Laplace demon, loss aversion, luminiferous ether, Norman Mailer, Richard Feynman, Ronald Reagan, Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, science of happiness, social intelligence, speech recognition, stem cell, Steven Pinker, Thomas Bayes, Thorstein Veblen, traffic fines, urban renewal, Yogi Berra
Every Tom, Dick, and Harry is called William.” On the other hand, they don’t want to saddle their child with a name that is so distinctive that the child is marked as coming from a family of greenhorns or misfits. At one extreme we find celebrities like the actress Rachel Griffiths, who named her son Banjo, the magician Penn Jillette, who named his daughter Moxie Crime-Fighter, and the rock star Bob Geldof, who named his daughters Little Pixie, Fifi Trixibelle, and Peaches Honeyblossom. At the other we have the boxer George Foreman, who named all five of his sons George. Most parents are somewhere in between. The problem with everyone trying to be moderately distinctive is that they are in danger of being moderately distinctive in the same way. Hence we get a school full of Susans and Steves in the 1960s and of Chloës and Dylans today.
Hunger: The Oldest Problem by Martin Caparros
Berlin Wall, Bob Geldof, carbon footprint, commoditize, David Graeber, European colonialism, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Food sovereignty, Gini coefficient, income inequality, index fund, invention of agriculture, Jeff Bezos, Live Aid, Louis Pasteur, Mahatma Gandhi, Mohammed Bouazizi, Nelson Mandela, New Journalism, plutocrats, Plutocrats, profit maximization, Slavoj Žižek, The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, the market place, Tobin tax, trade liberalization, trickle-down economics, Upton Sinclair, Washington Consensus, We are the 99%
Its president, Mengistu Haile Mariam, considered that the drought in the north of his country would debilitate the rebels fighting in the region; moreover, news about the hunger of his subjects would damage his image. So he didn’t say anything—and he rejected aid being offered to him by organizations and NGOs, insisting it wasn’t necessary. When there was no longer any choice but to admit what was happening, a million people had already died. There were campaigns, festivals, collections for Ethiopia. A new personality then joined these campaigns: Bob Geldof, Bono, and Live Aid; that’s when the conscientious rock star was invented, our current version of a Voltairean intellectual, a person who takes advantage of the fame they have achieved through a cultural endeavor to help the disadvantaged. And, in this case, a person who doesn’t propose to change the global system but rather to use their access to it, a person who hangs out with the nice powerful people in the world to support his cause—because his cause doesn’t question those powerful.
A History of Modern Britain by Andrew Marr
air freight, Albert Einstein, anti-communist, battle of ideas, Beeching cuts, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Bob Geldof, Bretton Woods, British Empire, Brixton riot, clean water, collective bargaining, computer age, congestion charging, cuban missile crisis, deindustrialization, Etonian, falling living standards, fear of failure, Fellow of the Royal Society, financial independence, floating exchange rates, full employment, housing crisis, illegal immigration, Kickstarter, liberal capitalism, Live Aid, loadsamoney, market design, mass immigration, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, millennium bug, Neil Kinnock, Nelson Mandela, new economy, North Sea oil, Northern Rock, offshore financial centre, open borders, out of africa, Parkinson's law, Piper Alpha, Red Clydeside, reserve currency, Right to Buy, road to serfdom, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, strikebreaker, upwardly mobile, Winter of Discontent, working poor, Yom Kippur War
Oxfam had started as the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief in 1942, campaigning to persuade the wartime government to lift its blockade on German-occupied Greece, where the Nazis were allowing people to starve as they diverted food to their army in North Africa. (Churchill took the view that the starvation was the fault of the occupying power and the blockade should stay – the argument was strikingly similar to those made about sanctions imposed on Saddam Hussein’s Iraq in the Major and Blair years.) What made the later movement different was the fusion of celebrity, music and television to raise unheard-of sums. It began with the Irish rock star Bob Geldof, and Midge Ure of the band Ultravox, who were shocked by news coverage of the 1984 Ethiopian famine by the BBC’s Michael Buerk. They formed a thirty-strong ‘supergroup’ to make a fundraising Christmas single, ‘Do They Know It’s Christmas?’ It raised £65 m and Geldof managed to persuade Margaret Thatcher to waive VAT for the famine victims. This success was followed by Live Aid, a linked global concert held in London and Philadephia in 1985.
The London Compendium by Ed Glinert
1960s counterculture, anti-communist, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, Bob Geldof, British Empire, Brixton riot, Corn Laws, Dava Sobel, double entry bookkeeping, Edward Lloyd's coffeehouse, Exxon Valdez, hiring and firing, invention of the telegraph, Isaac Newton, John Harrison: Longitude, John Snow's cholera map, Khartoum Gordon, Kickstarter, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, Nick Leeson, Panopticon Jeremy Bentham, price stability, Ronald Reagan, Sloane Ranger, South China Sea, South Sea Bubble, spice trade, the market place, trade route, union organizing, V2 rocket
In 1978 the Buffalo reopened as the Electric Ballroom and on 22 August that year Sid Vicious gave his last stage performance here, playing in a punk ‘supergroup’ with Rat Scabies and Glen Matlock. Camden Palace / Music Machine, No. 1a A grand Edwardian music hall venue, it opened in 1900 as the Camden Theatre and has since served as a cinema, BBC studio (the Goons’ show was often recorded here) and the Music Machine punk/new wave venue, which stayed open until 2 a.m. six nights a week. In that incarnation it was plagued by trouble: Bob Geldof was attacked on stage at a June 1977 Boomtown Rats gig; the Human League had to play behind riot shields to protect their equipment, mostly computers, on 17 August 1978; and a twenty-year-old man was stabbed to death while talking to a friend on the stairway in January 1979. Three years later, at the height of the new romantic era, the venue reopened as the Camden Palace, hosting a narcissistic club run by Steve Strange.
A Classless Society: Britain in the 1990s by Alwyn W. Turner
Berlin Wall, Bob Geldof, Boris Johnson, British Empire, call centre, centre right, deindustrialization, demand response, Desert Island Discs, endogenous growth, Etonian, eurozone crisis, facts on the ground, Fall of the Berlin Wall, falling living standards, first-past-the-post, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, friendly fire, full employment, global village, greed is good, inflation targeting, lateral thinking, means of production, millennium bug, minimum wage unemployment, moral panic, negative equity, Neil Kinnock, Nelson Mandela, offshore financial centre, old-boy network, period drama, Ronald Reagan, sexual politics, Stephen Hawking, upwardly mobile, Winter of Discontent, women in the workforce
A similar impulse lay behind the creation of a Holocaust Memorial Day, first observed on 27 January 2001, the anniversary of the day that the Soviet Red Army liberated Auschwitz in Poland (as opposed to, say, the day that British troops liberated Belsen, or Yom HaShoah, the Jewish day of commemoration). A ceremony in Westminster Central Hall attracted the great and the good, from Prince Charles to the major party leaders, as well as a collection of celebrities including Antony Sher, Emma Thompson, Ian McKellen, Bob Geldof and Trevor McDonald, presumably chosen to represent ethnic and sexual diversity. To the surprise of some, this gesture was not universally welcomed. Already observance of Yom HaShoah was in decline and there was a debate within British Jewry about whether the continuing focus on the Nazi genocide was proving counter-productive, alienating younger generations with negative images of victimhood.
The Transformation Of Ireland 1900-2000 by Diarmaid Ferriter
anti-communist, Bob Geldof, British Empire, Celtic Tiger, collective bargaining, deliberate practice, edge city, falling living standards, financial independence, ghettoisation, greed is good, hiring and firing, housing crisis, immigration reform, income per capita, land reform, manufacturing employment, moral panic, New Journalism, New Urbanism, offshore financial centre, open economy, postnationalism / post nation state, sensible shoes, the market place, upwardly mobile, urban renewal, wage slave, women in the workforce
I doubt that in many countries would the manager of a rock band be appointed to the Arts Council, as I have been.’335 Much of this was part of a conspicuous youth culture, but by the end of the century, serious criticisms were being made of decline in the quality of pop music. The 1990s were marked (and marred) by the rise of the manufactured boy bands, dependent not on musical talent, but skilful marketing, and in this league the Irish enjoyed phenomenal success. In 2000, the journalist Liam Fay pointed out that when musicians like Bob Geldof and the Boomtown Rats appeared on The Late Late Show in the 1970s, while half the nation were ‘balling their fists in fury’ the younger half were delighted, because they represented for them an alternative culture and a new generation who had angry things to say, but that ‘during the past decade or so mainstream Irish popular music has become slurry-soft, all the easier to channel into the ongoing campaign to sell Ireland abroad and to ourselves as a bucolic idyll peopled with happyclappy bodhrán rapping riverdancing rustics’.336 ‘there to administer to our shared passion’ In the 1970s, state support for sport remained minimal, depending on massive armies of volunteers, but interest in Irish sporting endeavour entered a new phase when the Irish soccer team qualified for its first European championships in 1988, and its first World Cup in 1990, where it reached the quarter finals under the management of Jack Charlton.
Lonely Planet Ireland by Lonely Planet
bank run, banking crisis, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, bike sharing scheme, Bob Geldof, British Empire, carbon footprint, Celtic Tiger, credit crunch, G4S, glass ceiling, global village, haute cuisine, hydraulic fracturing, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Jacquard loom, Kickstarter, land reform, reserve currency, sustainable-tourism, young professional
Trad Playlist The Quiet Glen (Tommy Peoples) Paddy Keenan (Paddy Keenan) The Chieftains 6: Bonaparte's Retreat (The Chieftains) Old Hag You Have Killed Me (The Bothy Band) Popular Music From the 1960s onward, Ireland produced its fair share of great rock musicians, including Van Morrison, Thin Lizzy, Celtic rockers Horslips, punk poppers The Undertones and Belfast's own Stiff Little Fingers (SLF), Ireland's answer to The Clash. And then there were Bob Geldof's Boomtown Rats, who didn't like Mondays or much else either. But they all paled in comparison to the supernova that is U2, formed in 1976 in North Dublin and one of the world's most successful rock bands since the late 1980s. What else can we say about them that hasn't already been said? After 13 studio albums, 22 Grammy awards and upwards of 170 million album sales they have nothing to prove to anyone – and not even their minor faux pas in 2014, when Apple 'gave' copies of their latest release, Songs of Innocence, to iTunes subscribers whether they wanted it or not, has managed to dampen their popularity.
Days of Fire: Bush and Cheney in the White House by Peter Baker
addicted to oil, anti-communist, battle of ideas, Berlin Wall, Bernie Madoff, Bob Geldof, buy low sell high, card file, clean water, collective bargaining, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, drone strike, energy security, facts on the ground, failed state, Fall of the Berlin Wall, friendly fire, guest worker program, hiring and firing, housing crisis, illegal immigration, immigration reform, Mikhail Gorbachev, MITM: man-in-the-middle, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, Ronald Reagan: Tear down this wall, Saturday Night Live, South China Sea, stem cell, too big to fail, uranium enrichment, War on Poverty, working poor, Yom Kippur War
But Kikwete added, “For us, the most important thing is, let him be as good a friend of Africa as President Bush has been.” Little wonder. In Tanzania, Bush had spent $817 million to provide medicine and other care to hundreds of thousands of AIDS patients. During his visit, the two leaders signed a $698 million, five-year Millennium Challenge contract to rebuild roads, expand electricity generation, and provide more clean water. Accompanied by Bob Geldof, the rocker-activist, Bush savored the interlude between crises and later called the trip “the best of the presidency.” Condoleezza Rice thought that may have been the happiest moment of Bush’s tenure. “He loved being in Africa,” she observed. “The last trip was very validating.” Bush was not as popular back home, even at the campaign headquarters of the Republican hoping to succeed him. John McCain had sewn up the nomination and was stopping by the White House for the ritual blessing from the incumbent.
The Rough Guide to England by Rough Guides
active transport: walking or cycling, Airbnb, Albert Einstein, bike sharing scheme, Bob Geldof, Boris Johnson, British Empire, car-free, Columbine, congestion charging, Corn Laws, deindustrialization, Downton Abbey, Edmond Halley, Etonian, food miles, haute cuisine, housing crisis, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, John Harrison: Longitude, Kickstarter, low cost airline, Neil Kinnock, offshore financial centre, period drama, plutocrats, Plutocrats, the market place, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, University of East Anglia, upwardly mobile, urban sprawl
Chinatown and the two big draws of the Discovery Museum and Centre for Life are west of the centre, while east is the renowned Laing Gallery and, a short walk along the river, the old industrial Ouseburn area, home to an alternative cultural scene, interesting galleries, the excellent Seven Stories children’s museum and some popular bars. In the north of the city, on the university campus, is the Great North Museum: Hancock; further north, through the landscaped Exhibition Park, is the Town Moor, 1200 acres of common land where freemen of the city – including Jimmy Carter and Bob Geldof – are entitled to graze cattle. BALTIC By the Millennium Bridge, Gateshead Quays, NE8 3BA • Mon & Wed–Sun 10am–6pm, Tues 10.30am–6pm • Free • 0191 478 1810, balticmill.com Fashioned from an old brick flourmill, BALTIC sits on the Gateshead riverbank, by the Millennium Bridge. Designed to be a huge visual “art factory”, it’s second only in scale to London’s Tate Modern. There’s no permanent collection here – instead there’s an ever-changing calendar of exhibitions and local community projects, as well as artists’ studios, education workshops, an art performance space and cinema, plus a rooftop restaurant with uninterrupted views of the Newcastle skyline.
Ireland (Lonely Planet, 9th Edition) by Fionn Davenport
air freight, Berlin Wall, Bob Geldof, British Empire, carbon footprint, Celtic Tiger, centre right, credit crunch, glass ceiling, global village, haute cuisine, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Jacquard loom, Kickstarter, McMansion, new economy, period drama, reserve currency, risk/return, sustainable-tourism, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, young professional
POPULAR MUSIC From the bland but supremely fashionable showbands of the 1960s, popular music took off towards the end of the decade with Van Morrison, whose blues-infused genius really put Irish music on the map. The 1970s were dominated by rock and punk: Thin Lizzy, Celtic rockers Horslips and punk poppers the Undertones were very popular, as were Belfast’s own Stiff Little Fingers (SLF), Ireland’s answer to the Clash and as good a punk band as there ever was, and the Boomtown Rats, fronted by Bob Geldof. And then a supernova was born in North Dublin. The world and her sister have an opinion about U2 and, especially, their shy, un-opinionated lead singer Bono, but there’s no denying that the band are without question Ireland’s most important musical export and a rival to the likes of the Rolling Stones for megastardom and longevity. If we had to pick just one album, it would be the simply magnificent Joshua Tree (1987), although Achtung Baby (1991) is quite something, too.