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Farm City: The Education of an Urban Farmer by Novella Carpenter
back-to-the-land, crack epidemic, David Attenborough, dumpster diving, Golden Gate Park, haute cuisine, Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, Mason jar, McMansion, New Urbanism, Port of Oakland, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Silicon Valley, urban decay, urban renewal, Whole Earth Catalog
Little Girl would pull urgently on my shirttails—not because she wanted to tell me something but because, I think, she wanted to drag me down and eat me. Every other farm animal had taken a backseat to the pigs. I didn’t know how many rabbits we had or whether the chickens were getting enough food—I could only think of the pigs. Even my family and friends had taken second place behind the pigs. I hadn’t talked to my mom or sister in weeks. Willow went Dumpster diving with Bill and me sometimes, but I could tell her heart wasn’t in it. Bill and I had grown closer, though. After a sweaty night of summer Dumpster diving, we would share the bathtub, wash each other’s backs, and marvel at the treasures we had found that night, and the porcine treasures that were growing larger and larger in our backyard. The pigs had grown so big, the other animals were scared of them. The chickens avoided them. I kept the young turkeys, suddenly fairly large, in a separate pen so they wouldn’t be eaten.
Bill, meanwhile, yelled for me to come over and check out a particularly bountiful bin. We turned the corner and scoped out 10th Street, carrying our swaying buckets like milk maids gone a-milking. If they could have, I liked to think, the chickens and the rabbits would’ve hopped or flown over here to 10th and Webster just as most of the restaurants closed and stood there, with furry paws and scaly legs, Dumpster diving. They would hear, as we did, the laughter wafting out of the open windows above us, the smell of cigarette smoke mingling with the odor of fetid fruit. An ancient Chinese lady wearing elbow-high plastic gloves walked by us. She might have been the same woman Bobby had scared off from our recycling bins. She surveyed what we were doing and raised a thin eyebrow. The Oakland Tribune tower, home to the local newspaper, loomed above us, watching.
Plus, they probably would have stung the new resident rabbits on the deck. I removed the T-shirt from the hive entrance and watched happily as the golden specks investigated their surroundings, landing on my carefully tended garden, then flying into the sky for a better view. A few days later, I walked by Brother’s Market on my way to get weeds for the chickens, ducks, and geese. Bill and I hadn’t gone Dumpster diving lately. Mosed, the shopkeeper, was outside enjoying the sun. When he saw me, he pointed at the buckets. “What do you do with those?” he asked. “They’re for my chickens,” I said. “Where are these chickens?” he asked, sure that I was quite insane. “At the farm down there,” I said, and pointed at the lot, which you could see from Mosed’s doorway. “Where?” He peered. “Come on,” I said, “I’ll show you.”
A People's History of Poverty in America by Stephen Pimpare
"Robert Solow", affirmative action, British Empire, car-free, clean water, cognitive dissonance, Columbine, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, deindustrialization, delayed gratification, dumpster diving, East Village, Frederick Winslow Taylor, George Gilder, hedonic treadmill, hiring and firing, Howard Zinn, illegal immigration, impulse control, income inequality, index card, Jane Jacobs, low skilled workers, Mahatma Gandhi, mass incarceration, meta analysis, meta-analysis, moral panic, Naomi Klein, New Urbanism, payday loans, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, The Bell Curve by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, union organizing, urban renewal, War on Poverty, white flight, working poor, Works Progress Administration
Hopkins, Spending to Save: The Complete Story of Relief (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1936 ), 108. 30 In Janet Poppendieck, Breadlines Knee-Deep in Wheat: Food Assistance in the Great Depression (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1986), 27. 31 Edmund Wilson, The American Earthquake: A Chronicle of the Roaring Twenties, the Great Depression, and the Dawn of the New Deal (New York: Da Capo, 1958 ), 462–63. 32 Backwords, Surviving on the Streets, 84. 33 Ibid., 96. 34 Lars Eighner, Travels with Lizbeth (New York: St. Martin’s, 1993), 117–18. The seminal text on Dumpster diving may be John Hoffman, The Art and Science of Dumpster Diving (Port Townsend, WA: Loompanics, 1992). Hoffman claims it is, at any rate. See also John Hoffman, Dumpster Diving: The Advanced Course (Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 2002). 35 Eighner, Travels with Lizbeth, 13. 36 From Somebody in Boots by Nelson Algren, with WPA Writers’ Project, in Swados, The American Writer, 323. 37 In Folsom, Impatient Armies of the Poor, 126. 38 Jennifer Toth, The Mole People: Life in the Tunnels Beneath New York City (Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 1993); Eighner, Travels with Lizbeth; Backwords, Surviving on the Streets; Eric H.
Table of Contents Title Page Dedication Epigraph Preface Introduction Chapter 1 - Survive: My Brother’s Keeper The Pathology of the Ghetto Another Side of the Slum Kin and Kinship The Political Economy of the Ghetto Communities of Support Chapter 2 - Sleep: A Place to Call Home Life Inside On the Streets Homelessness and Veterans On the Road Women on the Road The Anomaly of National Aid The Kindness of Strangers Chapter 3 - Eat: Dumpster Diving There Is No Hunger Here Faith and Food Eating Trash Chapter 4 - Work: (In) Dependence Work and Welfare Other Dependencies Chapter 5 - Love: Women and Children First Rethinking Responsibility Motherhood Fathers Sex, Power, Poverty Children Chapter 6 - Respect: The Price of Relief More Than It’s Worth A Last Resort Chapter 7 - Escape: Black and Blue Redefining the Scope of Welfare State Analysis Slavery and the Welfare State A Brief Reprieve Jim Crow and the Black New Deal Poverty, Labor, and the Prison Chapter 8 - Surrender: A Culture of Poverty?
Our purpose is to create a safe, sanitary, self-governed place to live as an alternative for Portland’s poor, an alternative to the over-burdened shelter system where there are about 600 shelter beds for about 3500 homeless people, an alternative to sleeping alone in the doorways, under the bridges, or in the jails where we are occasionally housed for urinating in public, jaywalking, camping, whatever.116 It’s yet another form of independence they seek, to build a community on their own terms, to solve their homelessness problem in their own manner, without the patronage or the patronizing of the established public and private relief agencies. 3 Eat: Dumpster Diving People ask me: Why do you write about food, and eating and drinking? Why don’t you write about the struggle for power and security, and about love, the way others do? They ask it accusingly, as if I were somehow gross, unfaithful to the honor of my craft. The easiest answer is to say that, like most other humans, I am hungry. But there is more than that. It seems to me that our three basic needs, for food and security and love, are so mixed and mingled and entwined that we cannot straightly think of one without the others.
The Secret Lives of Hoarders: True Stories of Tackling Extreme Clutter by Matt Paxton, Phaedra Hise
One dog, or maybe even three, would have been manageable for her. But she wasn’t able to put that limit on herself. In Margaret’s mind, if one dog made her happy, a hundred dogs would make her a hundred times happier. Putting a limit on how many dogs she could accept into her household would be like putting a limit on her happiness, and she wasn’t willing to do that. For hoarders who shop (or Dumpster dive), it’s the same issue. Purchasing an item gives them a rush of temporary joy, so purchasing more items seems like it should give them an even bigger rush. The collecting gets out of hand when hoarders become so compulsive that they can’t limit it. It’s also a problem when hoarding is the only thing that brings the person happiness, instead of family, friendships, hobbies, work, exercise, or other pastimes.
To me their behavior looks more like a compulsion, which is a behavior that feels so good that a person does it to excess. I do see serious hoarding compulsions that have a lot in common with addictions like alcoholism and drug addiction, and I’m not a psychologist, so I tend to use the word “addiction” to describe hoarding, even though it may truly be more of a compulsion. Hoarders who shop, or who go “Dumpster diving,” definitely do it because it feels good. These hoarders get a primal rush from the “hunt and gather” experience. This rush helps them avoid the reality of what is truly going on in their lives. Rescuing a broken television set from someone’s alleyway trash pile is a thrill. These hoarders don’t stop to think about whether or not they have the time to fix that TV, along with the dozens of other broken appliances they have gathered.
Animal hoarders have a similar thing going on, with the constant love they get from their pets. Anytime an animal hoarder feels down, there’s a cat right there to share some affection, which can quickly become a substitute for human relationships. Receiving love endorphin hits all day is a happy way for anyone to live. Hoarders get to feel that exciting rush every time they go shopping, go Dumpster diving, or reach for one of three dozen affectionate dogs. Especially when the rest of a hoarder’s life isn’t going well, it’s easy to see how this behavior could become an addiction. Some experts argue that addicts never change their personalities; they just substitute healthy addictions for unhealthy ones. So a smoker might give up cigarettes and turn instead to the exercise addiction of running marathons.
The Cheapskate Next Door: The Surprising Secrets of Americans Living Happily Below Their Means by Jeff Yeager
I concluded that I was either going through male menopause and having a hot flash, or else my TE was definitely flaring up that day. Free at Last, Free at Last … Thank the Internet, Free at Last Despite my rather jaded opinion of computer technology in general, I’ll admit that the Internet has its advantages, including making access to free stuff easier than ever. It’s sort of like virtual dumpster diving. The first tip from the cheapskate next door when it comes to using the Internet to find free stuff is to join local “reuse groups” in your area. Reuse groups are community-based networks of folks who have things they’re looking to give away, and other people who are looking for specific items they’d prefer to get for free. Items to be given away and items wanted are posted by members on the Internet.
“We’re full-time scavengers,” she says, speaking of her life with her husband, Kristan Lawson. They’re also the authors of The Scavengers’ Manifesto (Tarcher, 2009), which they describe as “the new handbook for the scavenging movement.” Anneli and Kristan broadly define scavenging as “any legal way to get stuff for less than full price,” so it’s everything from thrift-store shopping and using coupons to dumpster diving, foraging for wild foods, and, yes, beachcombing. We immediately hit it off, since, like me, the couple’s means of support consists of two components: the modest income common among writers like us and, much more important, the fact that we don’t need to spend much money to live comfortably. “The way we live, our scavenging lifestyle, has definitely allowed us to pursue our passion for writing as a career,” Kristan said.
The important thing to know is that searching for and recovering funds is free—so don’t fall for scams asking you to pay money to recover assets that you can rightfully claim. NAUPA is a legitimate nonprofit organization representing state treasuries. Visit unclaimed.org to start your search. Also check treasuryhunt.gov for unclaimed savings bonds. Savings: Per NAUPA, if you’re that one-in-eight, an average of $1,000. Although they do their share of dumpster diving, Anneli and Kristan don’t consider themselves Freegans, since they do pay for some of the things they consume and they don’t share all of the social and political views associated with Freegans. (Freeganism was born in the 1990s out of the antiglobalization and environmental movements. Freegans believe in leading an anticonsumerist lifestyle, salvaging food and other discarded items from dumpsters and elsewhere for political reasons, rather than out of need.)
Masters of Deception: The Gang That Ruled Cyberspace by Michelle Slatalla, Joshua Quittner
He's just sitting in his car. " Paul and Hac stand there, crazed alley cats, backs high, ears cupped, tensed on tiptoes. And then the worst happens. In the distance, they hear a siren. It's not an ambulance, whose aural signature Paul would recognize at this point in the evening. But it's definitely a siren, and it's getting louder. Closer. It's a banshee now, and it's just around the corner, and Paul, for one, has had it with dumpster diving. He climbs over the fence, as fast as he can, and follows a retreating Hac to the sidewalk. The siren's just about upon them, and they dash madly across the street, bags in tow, past the guy who's sitting in the car, now wide-eyed, watching the kids come leaping over the fence. Their sneakers hit the pavement with heavy slaps, and with barely a second to spare, they dive into a dark, safe spot in the park.
But that wasn't really a problem. Even if Eli didn't know that much about hacking, he certainly knew a lot of hackers. He knew where to go for help. Because this is who Eli is: a kid who knows everybody, a kid who everybody likes, a kid who everybody wants to help. Paul, in the guarded way he warmed to anyone, had certainly come to like him just from talking on the phone. That's why Paul went along on the dumpster dive. That's why, a few days later, when they were talking about the mysteries of the Laurelton computer again, Paul went along with another suggestion Eli made. Eli says they ought to find someone who would be interested in Paul's information, a phone company computer specialist who might be able to get inside other telco computers. Paul says OK. Eli says, "I know this guy. " But it turns out that Eli is not talking about just any guy.
He did the electronic bulletin board scene, even used the ludicrous handle of Il Duce, after being impressed by a television program about the powerful Italian dictator. The best thing about bulletin boards was the clues the philes contained, clues about how to connect to the biggest, most complex system there was, the phone system. The philes were tantalizing to a nascent hacker, because you knew that some of the mumbo-jumbo in them had to be true. They were written by hackers who had culled kernels of information from dumpster dives. The information, usually no good to them, was evidence of their exploits, and what better way to take credit than to type it up and post it for all to see? Other philes taught Mark a new phrase: social engineering. Social engineering means tricking people into giving you information over the phone, usually by pretending you're someone they'd want to talk to. Because, as everyone knows, the best information comes from people, not computers.
Someone comes to town, someone leaves town by Cory Doctorow
"These guys in Denmark ran some simulations, proved that a random toss-up worked as well as any other algorithm, and it's a lot cheaper, computationally." "So what's going on just to the northeast of center?" Alan paid attention to the patch of screen indicated. Three access points were playing musical chairs, dropping signal and reacquiring it, dropping it again. Kurt shrugged. "Bum hardware, I think. We've got volunteers assembling those boxes, from parts." "Parts?" Kurt's grin widened. "Yeah. From the trash, mostly. I dumpster-dive for 'em." They grinned back. "That's very hot," Lyman said. "We're looking at normalizing the parts for the next revision," Alan said. "We want to be able to use a single distro that works on all of them." "Oh, sure," Lyman said, but he looked a little disappointed, and so did Kurt. "Okay, it works," Lyman said. "It works?" he said, nodding the question at his posse. They nodded back. "So what can we do for you?"
"Oof," Kurt said. "Yeah." They were cuddled together on the sidewalk, Kurt atop him, and Lyman and Sara bent to help them apart. "Nice catch," Lyman said. Kurt was helped to his feet, and he declared that he'd sprained his ankle and nothing worse, and they helped him back to his shop, where a couple of his kids doted over him, getting him an ice pack and a pillow and his laptop and one of the many dumpster-dived discmen from around the shop and some of the CDs of old punk bands that he favored. There he perched, growly as a wounded bear, master of his kingdom, for the next two weeks, playing online and going twitchy over the missed dumpsters going to the landfill every night without his expert picking over. Alan visited him every day and listened raptly while Kurt gave him the stats for the day's network usage, and Kurt beamed proud the whole while
"The Vietnamese place is just up ahead. I once heard a guy there trying to speak Thai to the waiters. It was amazing -- it was like he was a tourist even at home, an ugly fucked-up tourist. People suck." "Do they?" Alan said. "I quite like them. You know, there's pretty good Vietnamese in Chinatown." "This is good Vietnamese." "Better than Chinatown?" "Better situated," Kurt said. "If you're going dumpster diving afterward. I'm gonna take your cherry, buddy." He clapped a hand on Alan's shoulder. Real people didn't touch Alan much. He didn't know if he liked it. "God," Alan said. "This is so sudden." But he was happy about it. He'd tried to picture what Kurt actually did any number of times, but he was never very successful. Now he was going to actually go out and jump in and out of the garbage. He wondered if he was dressed for it, picturing bags of stinky kitchen waste, and decided that he was willing to sacrifice his jeans and the old Gap shirt he'd bought one day after the shirt he'd worn to the store -- the wind-up toy store?
The Way We Eat: Why Our Food Choices Matter by Peter Singer, Jim Mason
agricultural Revolution, air freight, clean water, collective bargaining, dumpster diving, food miles, Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Isaac Newton, means of production, rent control, urban sprawl, Whole Earth Review
They are thus doubly free-free from subordination to the consumer ethos and free from the need to work to satisfy their needs. They think that an alternative, less exploitative economic system is possible, but they are under no illusion that taking food from dumpsters will in itself bring that system about. Instead they see dumpster diving both as a way of detaching themselves from the present system and, at the same time, as part of a broader life of resistance to that system.32 Dumpster diving may not be an option many consumers are likely to explore, but there's still a lesson to draw. Many of agriculture's ill effects on laborers, animals, and the environment could be reduced if we ate what would otherwise be wasted. According to Dr Timothy Jones, an archaeologist at the University of Arizona who led a U.S. governmentfunded study of food waste, more than 40 percent of the food grown in the United States is lost or thrown away-that's about $100 billion of wasted food a year.
If these animals are going to be killed anyway to protect the environment, it is difficult to see any objection to eating meat taken from their bodies. There is a danger that the desire to hunt and eat the animals will make shooting them the preferred means for dealing with the environmental issue, when other less harmful means (like forms of sterilization) could be used. Whether hunting can, in limited circumstances, be justified depends on whether such other means are available, or could be developed. DUMPSTER DIVING: THE ULTIMATE ETHICAL CHEAP EATS It's about 7.30 p.m. on a mild Tuesday evening in Melbourne, Australia. We're in a small Toyota station wagon with Tim, Shane, G (Gareth), and Danya. They're all in their 20s, wearing old denim or waterproof jackets, except for G, who is wearing a jacket that might once have been more stylish and formal, but is now so worn that it would have suited Charlie Chaplin in "The Tramp."
We never see any security people, and this turns out to be the only encounter with anyone from one of the stores this evening. That's fairly typical. If they are asked to leave, they say, they just go. We move on to another supermarket up the road. The bins here are chained down again, but the gap is wide enough for G to spot some cof fee he wants. It's too far down for even his long arm to reach, so for the first and only time tonight we see some real "dumpster diving" as G gets his upper body right into the bin, only his legs sticking out the top. The booty is eight 250-gram vacuum-sealed packets of an imported Italian Arabica coffee, just a couple of days past the expiration date. ANIMAL-FREE MEAT? "Skum-skimming wasn't hard to learn. You got up at dawn. You gulped a breakfast sliced not long ago from Chicken Little and washed it down with Coffiest. You put on your coveralls and took the cargo net up to your tier.
Exploding the Phone: The Untold Story of the Teenagers and Outlaws Who Hacked Ma Bell by Phil Lapsley
air freight, Apple II, Bill Gates: Altair 8800, Bob Noyce, card file, cuban missile crisis, dumpster diving, Hush-A-Phone, index card, Jason Scott: textfiles.com, John Markoff, Menlo Park, popular electronics, Richard Feynman, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, the new new thing, the scientific method, undersea cable, urban renewal, wikimedia commons
Meanwhile, telephone company truck yards were being burglarized, and the things being stolen were items such as telephone company hard hats, tools, and “test sets”—the odd-looking telephones with alligator clips that telephone company repair people always have on their tool belts. “We didn’t have a clue. No clue,” Perrin recalls. “We had all these little cases. You knew they were related in a fashion but you couldn’t tie them. . . . We had trucks being broken into, we had Dumpster diving, the Valley was just rife with petty thievery. Test sets were taken. Books were taken. Manuals were taken. Wire is taken. Nothing of great value, but they would go in and take this stuff. So you’re looking at this trying to figure it out.” And not getting anywhere. Then there were the really strange cases, the ones that made no sense at all. Like the $21,000 worth of telephone calls that had been fraudulently charged to one Dr.
They arranged to use some telephone lines that belonged to Bosley over the course of a weekend to call all of their phone phreak friends around the world. It was nice to talk to their far-flung network for nineteen hours but the real purpose was to screw Doc Bosley. Hence Project 21: a goal of racking up $21,000 in phone bills for the good doctor. Then there were the telephone company employees. If you’re a phone phreak, where do you get your information? Dumpster diving, playing with the phone, talking to other phone phreaks? Sure, all that works. But sometimes it’s easier just to talk to people who actually work for the telephone company. Big surprise: some telco employees were phone phreaks too. Others just had a soft spot for a bright kid who wanted to know how the telephone system worked. Sheridan turned in five Pacific Telephone employees and one General Telephone employee, all in the Los Angeles area.
., Sammy 195 Davy Crockett Cat and Canary Bird Call Flute 30, 35–36, 39, 244, 327 Davy Crockett: See Condon, David Dawson, Floy 282–284, 292 DeButts, John 158, 258 Decibel, Ben 245 Defense Communications Agency 269–270 Demo gods 279 Demonstrator, touch-tone 237, 247 Desmond, John 80, 82–83 Dial, telephone, letters and numbers 32 Dialed number recorder (DNR) 314–315 Diamond, Al 149–150, 223, 328 See also: Bernay, Al Digital blue box 220–221, 383–384 Direct control 44–46 Direct distance dialing (DDD) 32, 49–50 Directory assistance 53–55, 61, 66, 124, 137, 273, 311, 335, 351 Supervision signal and 143–146 Spoofing 227–228 Discriminatory hiring practices, AT&T 189–190 Distant Early Warning (DEW) line 182, 273 Doherty, Joseph 183, 199, 231, 248, 258 Doorbell, Evan 204, 245 Doyle, Jerry 105–106, 115 Draper, John 2111 conference 163, 206 Apple Computer 312–314 Arrest, California, 1972 201, 205–209, 216–217 Arrest, California, 1976 290–294 Arrest, New Jersey, 1977 315 Arrest, Pennsylvania, 1977 314–316 Avoidance by other phreaks 245, 277, 292 BART ticket forgery 329 Captain Crunch 165–166 Charley Board 312–314 Convention, phone phreak, 1972 213–214 Defense fund 213, 215–216 Draperism 282, 315, 318–319 EasyWriter word processor 319, 329 Esquire article 171–173, 177, 179–181 FBI wiretapping via verification 249, 251–261, 267, 272–274, 276, 281–283, 287–290 Homebrew Computer Club 309 Learns of phone phreaking 150–155 National Public Radio program 230 Parole violation, 1979 318–319 People’s Computer Company 281 Personality quirks 171–172 Piggyback ride 337 President Nixon prank 228–229 Psychiatric evaluation 318–319 Tandem stacking 177 TAP, letters to 276, 319 Wozniak, Steve 221–222, 312–314 DUE (Detect Unauthorized Equipment) 188 Duffy, Thomas 204–205, 383 Dumpster diving 241, 247, 263, 286 DXing, radio 136 EasyWriter word processor 319, 329 Economics 33, 48–49, 231, 269, 297 Edfast, Roger 277–278 Eder, Chic 251–259 Edison, Thomas (inventor) 21, 262 Edison, Thomas (phone phreak) 319–321, 330 Electronic organ 142–143, 153–154, 230 Electronic switching system (ESS) 232–238, 318 Engineers 52, 91–92, 184 Engressia, Joe 2111 conference 163–165 Acker, Bill 140, 161–162, 238 Arrest, 1971 132–134 Bell Labs analysis of Esquire article 183 Blindness 117–118, 164 Blue boxing to get a job 130–134 Captain Crunch 165–166 Childhood 117–123 College 123–129 David, B. 126–128, 165 Denver 316–317 Emotional connection to telephone 119, 129 Esquire article 168, 170, 172–173 FBI investigation, 1969 127–128 For Whom Ma Bell Tolls Not 181 Isolation and loneliness 126–127, 129, 161–162 Memphis 129–134 Millington Telephone 134 Mountain Bell 316–317, 328 National Public Radio 230 Open sleeve-lead conference 127, 202 Publicity 126 Secrecy vs. openness 165, 246 Stories and Stuff 328 Verification 250 Way, Tandy 122, 127 Whistling 122–126 Wozniak, Steve 218–219 Zzzzyzzerrific Funline 328 See also: Joybubbles Entrapment 283–284, 287–288 Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 190, 297 Ernestine (Lily Tomlin character) 191–192 Esquire magazine 170–184, 199, 206, 208–210, 213, 218, 231, 247, 252, 273, 297, 327, 330, 334 ESS: See electronic switching system (ESS) Exchange, telephone 20, 23, 27, 59, 65, 250, 316, 325 000-199 exchange codes 65, 202–203 Automatic 25, 41–43, 45 Failure, PLaza 8, NYC 189 Foreign 300 Missing 9–11 Names 31–32 Numbers 31–32, 45, 47, 65 See also: busy signal conference, central office, party line conference, switchboard Execunet 300–301 Exhaustive dialing: See scanning Extensions, telephone 188, 193 Facebook 150, 158 FBI: See Federal Bureau of Investigation FCC: See Federal Communications Commission Federal Bureau of Investigation Acker, Bill, 1976 311–312 Atomic bomb plans 321 Barclay, Ralph, 1961 59–60 Bell Labs Telephone Crime Lab 182–183 Billings, MT blue box arrests 180 Blue box arrests, September 1972 215 Bookmaking 98, 100–109 Convention, phone phreak, 1972 215 Credit card calls 194–195 Draper, John, 1971–1972 180, 208, 213–214, 216 Draper, John, 1975, wiretapping of FBI 251–261 Draper, John, 1976 276–277, 282–284, 287–292 Engressia, Joe, 1969 127–128 Gudgel, Bob, 1971 181 Harvard students, 1963 78–83 Locke, Jake, 1967 8, 9, 12–13 Oklahoma, Ray, 1972 212 Memo to AT&T Chairman 258 Pyne, Charles, 1963 78–83 Sheridan, Paul 271–280, 287–290, 301 Telephone company security agents 204 Toll fraud 91 Wozniak, Steve, blue box note 223–224 YIPL/TAP newsletter 240–241, 276–277, 321 Federal Communications Commission Antitrust laws 302 Carterfone/foreign attachments 298–299 Hush-a-Phone hearing 159 Laws against telephone fraud 90 MCI 299–300, 302 Investigation into AT&T service failures 189 Investigation into AT&T discrimination 190 Rate increase request 187–188 Fettgather, Jim 147, 153–156, 163–164, 166, 170, 172, 247–248, 328 Feynman, Richard 119 Fiddle 242 Fierstein, Alan 186–187, 192, 197–200 Fifth Estate 241 Fine Arts 13 2, 7–8, 12, 71, 77, 79–80, 126, 225 Firedrake, George 280 Flash Override 270, 274 Flute 76–77 See also: Davy Crockett Cat and Canary Bird Call Flute, Tonette flute Fonger, B.
Backup & Recovery by W. Curtis Preston
Berlin Wall, business intelligence, business process, database schema, Debian, dumpster diving, failed state, fault tolerance, full text search, job automation, Kickstarter, side project, Silicon Valley, web application
Unix, recording for files, Don’t Forget Unix mtime, atime, and ctime time-to-data, Time-to-Data toolkit, creating for new servers, Take an Inventory torture-testing backup utilities, Torture-Testing Backup Programs, Torture-Testing Backup Programs, Torture-Testing Backup Programs transaction, Transaction transaction logs, Don’t Go Overboard, Transaction log database, importance of, Don’t Go Overboard transfer speed, Transfer Speed tuple, Row twos complement platforms, The Little Endian That Couldn’t U ufsdump utility, Demystifying dump, Dumpster Diving filesystem backup, Dumpster Diving filesystems, inactivity for backups, Demystifying dump Ultra Density Optical (UDO) recording format, UDO recording format Unix systems, Demystifying dump, Dumpster Diving dump utility, Dumpster Diving filesystem, Demystifying dump user error causing data loss, Be Ready for Anything: 10 Types of Disasters user-managed backups, User-Managed Backups, Physical Backups Without rman, Debunking Hot-Backup Myths utime, using to reset atime, The atime can be reset—with a penalty V validated systems, Plan for the Worst vandalism, losing data from, Be Ready for Anything: 10 Types of Disasters very critical applications, Aggressive Requirements very large applications, Aggressive Requirements very large database (VLDB), Simultaneous Backup of One Client to Many Drives very large system (VLS), Simultaneous Backup of One Client to Many Drives virtual tape cartridges (VTCs), Disk-As-Tape: Virtual Tape Cartridges virtual tape libraries, Disk-As-Tape: Virtual Tape Cartridges (see VTL) virtual tape library, Disk-As-Tape: Virtual Tape Libraries (see VTL) VMware, VMware and Miscellanea, Using Bare-Metal Recovery to Migrate to VMware, VMware Architecture, VMware Architecture, VMware Backups, Back up suspended virtual machine files, Using Bare-Metal Recovery to Migrate to VMware architecture, VMware Architecture backups, VMware Backups backups, suspended virtual machine files, Back up suspended virtual machine files bare-metal recovery, Using Bare-Metal Recovery to Migrate to VMware ESX Server, VMware Architecture volatile filesystem backups, Volatile Filesystems, Missing or Corrupted Files, Referential Integrity Problems, Corrupted or Unreadable Backup, Torture-Testing Backup Programs, Using Snapshots to Back Up a Volatile Filesystem backup utilities, Torture-Testing Backup Programs missing/corrupted files, Missing or Corrupted Files referential integrity problems, Referential Integrity Problems snapshots, Using Snapshots to Back Up a Volatile Filesystem unreadable backups, Corrupted or Unreadable Backup volatile filesystems, Volatile Filesystems, Missing or Corrupted Files, Referential Integrity Problems, Corrupted or Unreadable Backup, Using Snapshots to Back Up a Volatile Filesystem backing up with snapshots, Using Snapshots to Back Up a Volatile Filesystem corrupted or unreadable backups, Corrupted or Unreadable Backup missing or corrupted files, Missing or Corrupted Files referential integrity problems, Referential Integrity Problems volume groups, backing up all on system, IBM’s mksysb and savevg Utilities volume managers, configuration information, recording, Take an Inventory Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS), Client/Server Architecture Using Nonproprietary Tools volume verification, Volume Verification volumes, tapes versus (backups), Why the Word “Volume” Instead of “Tape”?
Do we really have to dismount the filesystem to get a consistent dump? Questions like these raise a common concern when performing backups with dump. Will we learn (after it’s too late) that a backup is corrupt just because we dumped a mounted filesystem, even though it was essentially idle at the time? If we are going to answer these questions, we need to understand exactly how dump works. Dumpster Diving The dump utility is very filesystem-specific, so there may be slight variations in how it works on various Unix platforms. For the most part, however, the following description should cover how it works because most versions of dump are generally derived from the same code base. Let’s first look at the output from a real dump. We’re going to look at an incremental backup because it has more interesting messages than a level-0 backup: # /usr/sbin/ufsdump 9bdsfnu 64 80000 150000 /dev/null / DUMP: Writing 32 Kilobyte records DUMP: Date of this level 9 dump: Mon Feb 15 22:41:57 2006 DUMP: Date of last level 0 dump: Sat Aug 15 23:18:45 2005 DUMP: Dumping /dev/rdsk/c0t3d0s0 (sun:/) to /dev/null.
drive care, Drive Care drives, backups, Bad or Dirty Drive or Tape dump cycle, Backup Scheduling dump utility, An Overview, Backing Up with the dump Utility, Using the index to create a table of contents, Backing Up with the dump Utility, Syntax of the dump Command, The Options to the dump Command, Interesting options for Solaris’s ufsdump utility, Specifying density and size (d and s), Different Versions of dump, Limitations of dump and restore, The dump utility, Torture-Testing Backup Programs, Demystifying dump, Demystifying dump, Dumpster Diving, Pass I, Pre-Pass III, Pass III, Pass IV, Summary of dump steps, A Final Analysis of dump, Determine the Blocking Factor backup data, writing, Pre-Pass III blocking factor, Determine the Blocking Factor demystifying, Demystifying dump differing versions, Different Versions of dump directories, writing data blocks, Pass III file data, dumping, Pass IV filesystems and, Demystifying dump how not to use, An Overview inconsistencies in backups, A Final Analysis of dump inodes, scanning filesystem for, Pass I limitations, Limitations of dump and restore Mac OS versus Linux, Backing Up with the dump Utility multiple volumes, avoiding, Specifying density and size (d and s) options, The Options to the dump Command, Interesting options for Solaris’s ufsdump utility steps, summary of, Summary of dump steps syntax, Syntax of the dump Command Unix platforms, differences, Dumpster Diving volatile filesystem backups, Torture-Testing Backup Programs dump, ditto, tar, and cpio utilities, The tar, ditto, and cpio utilities duty cycle, Duty Cycle DVD recording formats, DVD recording formats dye polymer recording method, Dye polymer recording method E ease of administration, Ease of Administration electronic break-ins, losing data from, Be Ready for Anything: 10 Types of Disasters electronic discovery requests, Satisfy electronic discovery requests end-of-media (EOM) mark, Damaged Volume endian-independent format, The Little Endian That Couldn’t environments, protection levels, picking appropriate, Get the Coverage That You Need Exchange, Database Structure, Exchange, Performing a basic restore, Exchange Architecture, Database Structure, Database Structure, Database Structure, Database Structure, Extensible Storage Engine, Extensible Storage Engine, Extensible Storage Engine, Stores, Stores, Stores, Storage Groups, Transaction Logfiles, Checkpoint Files, Reserve Logfiles, Circular Logging, Other Files, Single Instance Storage, Automatic Database Maintenance, Storage Limits, Backup, Verifying the Backup, Backup Strategy, Backup Types, Normal, Copy, Incremental, Differential, Daily, Exchange-specific, Windows-specific, Backup Methods, Online backups, Offline backups, Streaming backups, Shadow copy backups, Shadow copy backups, Shadow copy backups, Verifying backups, Using ntbackup to Back Up, Verifying the Backup, Restore, Performing a basic restore, Repair or Restore?
Early Retirement Extreme by Jacob Lund Fisker
8-hour work day, active transport: walking or cycling, barriers to entry, buy and hold, clean water, Community Supported Agriculture, delayed gratification, discounted cash flows, diversification, dogs of the Dow, don't be evil, dumpster diving, financial independence, game design, index fund, invention of the steam engine, inventory management, lateral thinking, loose coupling, market bubble, McMansion, passive income, peak oil, place-making, Ponzi scheme, psychological pricing, the scientific method, time value of money, transaction costs, wage slave, working poor
These can also be classified into tangibles like air, water, food, sanitary, shelter, communication, transport, health, and security, and intangibles, like time, relationships, affiliation, power, and achievement. Some of these, like security and sanitation, we take for granted living in the developed world. For others, except perhaps air and clean water, there's a large range of possible "consumption" levels. For instance, the eating list ranges from roadkill and dumpster diving, to industrially processed "food," to gourmet meals and fine dining. Clothing ranges from going naked to owning just one set of clothes, to owning massive wardrobes full of shoes and tailor-made suits. Transportation ranges from walking barefoot to driving a "hooptie," to private airplanes and megayachts. Health ranges from being strong (physically and mentally), to being on prescription medicines, to being entirely dependent on advanced medical infrastructure.
In my experience, the question of whether to give, trade, or sell depends on the value of the item. If the item has no use value whatsoever, it should probably be thrown out or recycled for parts. Fortunately, consumer society has a very good service level when it comes to throwing things out. In principle, you could throw everything in a dumpster. In fact, some people do this--other people live off this bounty through dumpster diving. Giving away If things have some use value but a price close to zero, such as old clothes, garden hoses, or a rusty but working bicycle, they can be given away. There are several systems for this, depending on where you live. One can donate the things to thrift stores, charities, or religious institutions, which may be tax-deductible. One can put them out on the sidewalk with a sign saying "FREE."
As someone informed me, the good stuff is whatever costs more than $100 in a pawn shop or an antique store. Free things In general, people who live a life of abundance, like "primitive" tribesmen (see Human capital and necessary personal assets) or Californians, will be happy to give things away, the latter primarily to create more space in their garages, and the former presumably because they can easily build replacements. Dumpster diving is one method of acquiring free things, but with the Internet, the dumpster part is skipped. Post wanted or offered ads on mailing lists, newsgroups, or in classifieds, and people respond and come to pick it up. This saves the trouble of putting stuff in a dumpster and people from having to dive in to get it; it also saves stuff from the landfill. The range of stuff changing hands can be surprising: from leaves for composting to projector TVs.
Show Your Work!: 10 Ways to Share Your Creativity and Get Discovered by Austin Kleon
His collection, The Trash Museum, is housed on the second floor of the Sanitation Department garage on East 99th Street, and it now features more than a thousand paintings, posters, photographs, musical instruments, toys, and other ephemera. There isn’t a big unifying principle to the collection, just what Molina likes. He gets submissions from some of his fellow workers, but he says what goes on the wall and what doesn’t. “I tell the guys, just bring it in and I’ll decide if I can hang it.” At some point, Molina painted a sign for the museum that reads treasure in the trash by nelson molina. “Dumpster diving” is one of the jobs of the artist—finding the treasure in other people’s trash, sifting through the debris of our culture, paying attention to the stuff that everyone else is ignoring, and taking inspiration from the stuff that people have tossed aside for whatever reasons. More than 400 years ago, Michel de Montaigne, in his essay “On Experience,” wrote, “In my opinion, the most ordinary things, the most common and familiar, if we could see them in their true light, would turn out to be the grandest miracles . . . and the most marvelous examples.”
The Frugal Life: How a Family Can Live Under $30,000 and Thrive by Kate Singh
I've had to live on shoestring budgets before (while paying off large debts) and when my husband and I married, I wanted to be a housewife and stay home with my babies so I learned everything I could to make that little paycheck stretch. I want to make something clear to those who are new to living this way. Frugal living is not cheap living. It's not giving up everything and spending your days clipping coupons and dumpster diving (unless you want to, and that does save money). It’s not staying home on weekends, eating porridge and crying over the good life that you just don't have. I often stand in my home and feel this wondrous bliss and gratitude for our life. I'm not in a big house, or a perfect neighborhood, or in an upscale town. I have issues with this area at times and I wish for more space and land at other times.
Kingpin: How One Hacker Took Over the Billion-Dollar Cybercrime Underground by Kevin Poulsen
Apple II, Brian Krebs, Burning Man, corporate governance, dumpster diving, Exxon Valdez, Hacker Ethic, hive mind, index card, Kickstarter, McMansion, Mercator projection, offshore financial centre, packet switching, pirate software, Ponzi scheme, Robert Hanssen: Double agent, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, traffic fines, web application, WikiLeaks, zero day, Zipcar
An identity thief in Denver could buy credit card numbers from a hacker in Moscow, send them to Shanghai to be turned into counterfeit cards, then pick up a fake driver’s license from a forger in Ukraine before hitting the mall. Max shared his discovery with Chris, who was fascinated. Chris logged on to the forums and studied the content like a textbook. A lot of things hadn’t changed since he’d dealt in credit card fraud in the 1980s. Other things had changed a lot. There was a time when crooks could literally pull credit card numbers from the trash by Dumpster-diving for receipts or the carbon-paper slips left over from retailers’ sliding imprint machines. Now mechanical imprinting was dead, and Visa and MasterCard insisted that receipts not include full credit card account numbers. Even if you got the numbers, that was no longer enough to make counterfeit cards. The credit card companies now added a special code to every magnetic stripe—like a PIN, but unknown even to the cardholder.
Publicly, at FTC meetings and elsewhere, the credit card industry was doing its best to conceal the impact of the rampant magstripe theft happening worldwide. Credit leader Visa held up an industry-funded report by Javelin Strategy and Research that claimed consumers, not companies, were the source of the vast majority of identity theft and credit card fraud cases: Some 63 percent of cases originated with consumers, primarily victims of lost or stolen wallets, followed by theft by trusted associates, stolen mail, and Dumpster diving. The report was grossly misleading, only tallying cases in which the victim knew how his information had been stolen. Visa’s private numbers told the real story. Stolen wallets hadn’t been the primary source of fraud since mid-2001, when credit card theft from e-commerce sites sent fraudulent “card not present” transactions—online and telephone purchases—rocketing up the chart, while every other category held steady.
Days of Destruction, Days of Revolt by Chris Hedges, Joe Sacco
Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, clean water, collective bargaining, corporate personhood, dumpster diving, Exxon Valdez, Goldman Sachs: Vampire Squid, Howard Zinn, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), invisible hand, laissez-faire capitalism, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, mass incarceration, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, Occupy movement, oil shale / tar sands, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, strikebreaker, union organizing, urban decay, wage slave, white flight, women in the workforce
He slept in parks and on the street. Arriving on the first day of the occupation in Zuccotti Park, he found other “traveler types” whose survival skills and political consciousness were as developed as his own. In those first few days, he says, “it was the radicals and the self-identifying anarchists” who set up the encampment. Those who would come later, usually people with little experience in Dumpster diving, sleeping on concrete, or depending on a McDonald’s restroom, would turn to revolutionists like Friesen for survival. Zuccotti Park, like most Occupied sites, schooled the uninitiated. “The structure and process carried out by those initial radicals,” he says with delight of the first days in the park, “now have a wide appeal.” The park, like other Occupied sites across the country, became a point of integration, a place where middle-class men and women were taught by those who have been carrying out acts of rebellion for years.
The job of the Bedding group was to find cardboard for people to sleep on. The Contingency group had to decide what to do if they kick us out. The big decision we made was to announce to the group that if we were dispersed, we were going to meet back at 10 A.M. the next day in the park. Another group was arts and culture. What was really cool was that we assumed we were going to be there more than one night. There was a food group. They were going Dumpster diving. The direct action committee plans for direct, visible action like marches. There was a security team. It’s security against the cops. The cops are the only people we think might hurt us. The security team keeps people awake in shifts. They always have people awake. The working groups make logistical decisions, and the general assembly makes large policy decisions. Working groups blossomed in the following days.
Digital Accounting: The Effects of the Internet and Erp on Accounting by Ashutosh Deshmukh
accounting loophole / creative accounting, AltaVista, business continuity plan, business intelligence, business process, call centre, computer age, conceptual framework, corporate governance, data acquisition, dumpster diving, fixed income, hypertext link, interest rate swap, inventory management, iterative process, late fees, money market fund, new economy, New Journalism, optical character recognition, packet switching, performance metric, profit maximization, semantic web, shareholder value, six sigma, statistical model, supply-chain management, supply-chain management software, telemarketer, transaction costs, value at risk, web application, Y2K
Hackers can obtain information regarding names, telephone numbers and recent projects going on in the company, which can then be used for contacting those employees and obtaining further information. Hackers will also shoulder-surf near pay phones or ATMs and steal credit card numbers and other identification information. • Dumpster diving: This activity involves going through company dumpsters and collecting discarded information. Things discarded by a company may include directories, organizational charts, computer disks, system manuals, security policies and printouts. These things may be used to glean information about personnel on duty, computer system, default passwords and security environment. A hacker gave the following illustrative guidelines on dumpster diving: Park your car a couple of blocks away, do not carry ID or wallet with you, carry a trash bag filled with cans to claim that you are collecting cans, and wear dark-colored clothes
Firewalls are being embellished by new functionalities, such as encryption and VPN. Finally, firewalls provide a single point for security and audit purposes. Firewalls do not protect against attacks that bypass firewalls. This may seem like a truism, which it is, though there are many corporations having strong firewalls but no policies on modems that dial in and out of the organization. Firewalls also do not protect against careless employees, social engineering, dumpster diving and failure to apply the latest security patches. Firewalls will not protect against theft of information if CDs are used to copy and take the information out of the corporation. Viruses are also hard to stop Exhibit 13. Firewalls Public networks Firewall Secure network Firewall Public networks Firewall Public networks Copyright © 2006, Idea Group Inc. Copying or distributing in print or electronic forms without written permission of Idea Group Inc. is prohibited. 352 Deshmukh using only firewalls.
Spoiled Brats: Short Stories by Simon Rich
“Cool,” one of them says. “An international student.” Another one squints at my wool and pokes his fingers at the buttons. “Where’d you get this?” he asks. “Housing Works?” “I make it from old rags,” I admit. For some reason, this pathetic fact impresses them. “That’s rad,” they say. “Talk about DIY.” “I am very hungry,” I say. “You came to the right place,” says the man with the longest beard. “We’ve been Dumpster diving all semester, and this place is by far the sickest.” I do not want to become sick, but my hunger is extreme. I say a quick prayer and then dive inside the trash bin. “Oh my God,” I say when my eyes adjust to the light. “There is so much food!” “I know,” says the long-beard man. “Have you ever seen anything so fucking First World? It’s, like, ‘Hey, I’ve got a good idea. Let’s rape the earth with chemicals, wrap the crops in plastic, drive them across the country, then bury them all in a landfill.’ ” “Is fine,” I say.
One Less Car: Bicycling and the Politics of Automobility by Zack Furness, Zachary Mooradian Furness
active transport: walking or cycling, affirmative action, American Society of Civil Engineers: Report Card, back-to-the-land, Build a better mousetrap, Burning Man, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, colonial rule, conceptual framework, dumpster diving, Enrique Peñalosa, European colonialism, feminist movement, ghettoisation, Golden Gate Park, interchangeable parts, intermodal, Internet Archive, Jane Jacobs, Kickstarter, market fundamentalism, means of production, Naomi Klein, New Urbanism, peak oil, place-making, post scarcity, race to the bottom, Ralph Nader, RAND corporation, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, sustainable-tourism, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Thomas L Friedman, Thorstein Veblen, urban planning, Whole Earth Catalog, Whole Earth Review, working poor, Yom Kippur War
For this latter contingent, the eight days surrounding the demonstration doubled as the Bike national Convention, a series of events hosted by new york City’s direct action environmental group, Time’s Up! Bicyclists both organized and participated in free bike maintenance workshops, direct action planning sessions, a bicycle carnival, and various group rides, including a scenic jaunt through the city’s parks, a “dumpster diving” tour of lower Manhattan, and radical history tours of community gardens, squats, and famous protest sites dotting the lower East Side.1 Before the start of the republican convention, the visiting two-wheeled politicos joined bike riders from the five boroughs to take part in Critical Mass, a monthly bike ride/ritual held on the last Friday of every month in cities throughout the world. Originating in San Francisco in 1992, Critical Mass was conceived as a group bike ride and a leaderless celebration that ultimately grew in both size and popularity as a response to the continued marginalization of bicycling and non-motorized transportation in modern cities.
This is understandable given the interrelated and mutually reinforcing imperatives of technological growth, financial profit, and environmental negligence—a formation explicitly challenged, for example, in the anti-nuclear movement of the 1970s and 1980s—but within this paradigm technologies largely suffer for the sins of capitalism, as Mumford once put it.48 in fact, much of the underground culture i am addressing here tend to advocate a form of neo-Marxist technoskepticism, a collective common sense that assumes technologies in and of themselves are not to blame for environmental and social problems, but rather, the dominant political, cultural, and socioeconomic structures in which technologies are put to use for profit and power at the expense of sustainability and freedom.49 Creation is Crucifixion, a disbanded punk band affiliated with the anarchist/activist tactical media collective, the Carbon Defense league, articulates this disposition in a 2001 interview: We are attempting to find ways in which activists can infiltrate and subvert the socialization system to take away its power. right now we live at a unique time in which some form of this can be done through communications and internet technologies easier than more traditional physical means. It is not the tool but the user of the tool that we despise.50 Then as now, anti-car/anti-oil messages resonate with many punks and corresponded with a wider acceptance of bicycling as a politicized alternative to automobiles. Moreover, bicycles are cheap, and economic thrift is a serious factor within a subculture that actively promotes dumpster diving, squatting, and, in some cases theft, as an alternative to alienated labor.51 in addition, there was as already a substantial crossover between bike messenger and punk subcultures on the West Coast in the 1990s, particularly in the San Francisco Bay area, where bike messengering was one of the few professions that “allowed people with mohawks to earn a living.”52 not all bike messengers were or are punks, but the crossover made bicycling more visible in the punk scene and punk ethics/practices more visible among bike messengers.
Sixty Days and Counting by Kim Stanley Robinson
different worldview, dumpster diving, energy security, full employment, Golden Gate Park, hiring and firing, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), McMansion, megacity, mutually assured destruction, off grid, place-making, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RFID, Richard Feynman, Saturday Night Live, urban decay, Works Progress Administration
Every few nights they moved to a new place, within a larger community, most of whom were also moving around. Spencer started calling Frank on his FOG phone to let him know where they would be that night, and Frank started leaving work at more or less the normal time, using a wand Edgardo gave him to see that he was clear, then meeting Spencer in the park, running a frisbee round, then walking somewhere in Northwest to the rendezvous of the night. Once or twice Frank joined the dumpster-diving teams, and was interested to learn that most restaurant dumpsters were now locked shut. But this was to satisfy insurance-company liability concerns more than to keep people from the food, because for every dumpster they visited they had either the key or the combination, provided by kitchen workers who were either sympathetic or living the life themselves. And so they would go into the parking lots and workspaces behind the city’s finest, and set a lookout, and then unlock the dumpster and remove the useful food, which often was set carefully in one corner by the kitchen help, but in any case was obvious.
Yes, there were still some sightings of the big cat. They were there at de Russey, in fact, to see if they too could spot it. It didn’t happen that evening. There was much talk of how the jaguar might have survived the winters, whether it had inhabited one of the caves in the sandstone walls of the ravine, and eaten the deer in their winter laybys, or whether it had found a hole in an abandoned building and then gone dumpster diving like the rest of the city’s ferals. All kinds of excited speculation was bandied about (Frank stayed quiet when they discussed the feral life), but no sighting. Nick was getting a ride home with his friend Max, and so Frank walked south, down the ravine toward the zoo. And there it was, crouching on the overlook, staring down at the now-empty salt lick. Frank froze as smoothly as he could.
Coders: The Making of a New Tribe and the Remaking of the World by Clive Thompson
2013 Report for America's Infrastructure - American Society of Civil Engineers - 19 March 2013, 4chan, 8-hour work day, Ada Lovelace, AI winter, Airbnb, Amazon Web Services, Asperger Syndrome, augmented reality, Ayatollah Khomeini, barriers to entry, basic income, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, blockchain, blue-collar work, Brewster Kahle, Brian Krebs, Broken windows theory, call centre, cellular automata, Chelsea Manning, clean water, cloud computing, cognitive dissonance, computer vision, Conway's Game of Life, crowdsourcing, cryptocurrency, Danny Hillis, David Heinemeier Hansson, don't be evil, don't repeat yourself, Donald Trump, dumpster diving, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, Ernest Rutherford, Ethereum, ethereum blockchain, Firefox, Frederick Winslow Taylor, game design, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Google Hangouts, Google X / Alphabet X, Grace Hopper, Guido van Rossum, Hacker Ethic, HyperCard, illegal immigration, ImageNet competition, Internet Archive, Internet of things, Jane Jacobs, John Markoff, Jony Ive, Julian Assange, Kickstarter, Larry Wall, lone genius, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Shuttleworth, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, microservices, Minecraft, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, Nate Silver, Network effects, neurotypical, Nicholas Carr, Oculus Rift, PageRank, pattern recognition, Paul Graham, paypal mafia, Peter Thiel, pink-collar, planetary scale, profit motive, ransomware, recommendation engine, Richard Stallman, ride hailing / ride sharing, Rubik’s Cube, Ruby on Rails, Sam Altman, Satoshi Nakamoto, Saturday Night Live, self-driving car, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Silicon Valley startup, single-payer health, Skype, smart contracts, Snapchat, social software, software is eating the world, sorting algorithm, South of Market, San Francisco, speech recognition, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, TaskRabbit, the High Line, Travis Kalanick, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, uber lyft, universal basic income, urban planning, Wall-E, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, WikiLeaks, women in the workforce, Y Combinator, Zimmermann PGP, éminence grise
Coding is, in a profound way, less about making things than about fixing them. The pioneering computer scientist Seymour Papert had a koan: No program works right the first time. Spectre discovered this the hard way in his early jobs. Raised in a working-class family in an 800-person Kansas town, he taught himself programming using library books in the early ’90s, on computers he built from parts scavenged during dumpster diving outside his high school. After graduating with a degree in history, English, and philosophy, he went to work building Flash web pages for a car-dealer’s website—which eventually led to a gig working for a game company in San Francisco. It felt like the big leagues; he’d told his grandmother as a kid in the ’90s how he dreamed of working for a Silicon Valley company. The reality was much bleaker.
“We wanted to get access to computers that were more powerful than the simplistic ones we had at home,” Mark Abene, a hacker who went by the screen name Phiber Optik back in the ’80s, recalled in an interview with CNET. “We wanted to get access to the high technology we otherwise wouldn’t have access to, understand it, and learn to program it.” Getting that sort of access, though, required some straight-up digital trespassing and illegal activity. Members in Abene’s hacking group would share passwords to corporate systems that they’d digitally cracked (or discovered during old-fashion dumpster diving in the company’s trash). Abene and his colleagues eagerly shared info on reprogramming phone systems. And this is where federal officials began to perk up their ears. The telephone companies and government were worried they were losing control of this weird nascent new realm, “cyberspace.” So they swooped in on Abene and his group, “Masters of Deception.” At age 21, Abene was put behind bars for nearly a year.
Meet the Frugalwoods: Achieving Financial Independence Through Simple Living by Elizabeth Willard Thames
"side hustle", Airbnb, asset allocation, barriers to entry, basic income, buy and hold, carbon footprint, delayed gratification, dumpster diving, East Village, financial independence, hedonic treadmill, IKEA effect, index fund, indoor plumbing, loss aversion, McMansion, mortgage debt, passive income, payday loans, risk tolerance, Stanford marshmallow experiment, universal basic income, working poor
We decided that this most frugal month ever would have a twofold goal: 1) to see how much money we could save and 2) to test out how sustainable extreme frugality felt to us. Could we actually embrace living on less for the long term? Neither of us wanted to sell all of our possessions and go live in a yurt, but we also felt lied to by our “treat yourself” culture that parrots consumption as the cure for what ails. We needed to find a tenable middle ground between dumpster diving for our food and embracing the rampant, gratuitous spending that’s considered normal and even necessary in our culture. Since most budgeting programs are based around the premise of bumping their acolytes up from a 0 percent savings rate to a 5 or 10 percent rate, and Nate and I were angling to boost what was already a 45 to 50 percent savings rate, we decided to strike out and create our own system.
Fewer, Better Things: The Hidden Wisdom of Objects by Glenn Adamson
big-box store, blood diamonds, blue-collar work, Buckminster Fuller, carbon footprint, crowdsourcing, dematerialisation, dumpster diving, haute couture, informal economy, Jacquard loom, Joseph-Marie Jacquard, Mason jar, race to the bottom, trade route, white flight
Surprisingly, this turns out to be a lot easier in cities than it is in the countryside, because of the huge amount of waste that occurs in urban settings. One acquaintance of mine in London, Katharine Hibbert, decided to spend as little money as possible for a period of a year, then wrote a book about the experience.1 During her time living “on the margins of a wasteful society,” she acquired her furniture and home goods by Dumpster diving. She squatted in an abandoned building (which is legal in the UK). She even managed to take a vacation by hitching rides. The neologism “freegan” is a play on the term “vegan,” and as that implies, much of the movement concerns food, rather than objects. Astonishing amounts of perfectly good food are thrown out every day: In the course of a year, according to Hibbert, Britain alone produces twenty million tons of edible waste.
100 Baggers: Stocks That Return 100-To-1 and How to Find Them by Christopher W Mayer
bank run, Bernie Madoff, business cycle, buy and hold, cloud computing, disintermediation, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, dumpster diving, Edward Thorp, hindsight bias, housing crisis, index fund, Jeff Bezos, market bubble, Network effects, new economy, oil shock, passive investing, peak oil, shareholder value, Silicon Valley, Stanford marshmallow experiment, Steve Jobs, survivorship bias, The Great Moderation, The Wisdom of Crowds
You need earnings to go up a hundredfold and you need the price–earnings ratio to stay where it is at 50. If the price–earnings ratio falls to 25, then you need earnings to rise 200-fold. Don’t make investing so hard. We saw earlier in our case study of Gillette how a price–earning ratio collapse from 20 to 10 blunted the return investors got from Gillette’s earnings growth. But on the other hand, you shouldn’t go dumpster diving if you want to turn up 100-baggers. Great stocks have a ready fan club, and many will spend most of their time near their 52-week highs, as you’d expect. It is rare to get a truly great business at dirt-cheap prices. If you spend your time trolling stocks with price–earnings ratios of five or trading at deep discounts to book value or the like, you’re hunting in the wrong fields—at least as far as 100-baggers go.
Bernie Madoff, the Wizard of Lies: Inside the Infamous $65 Billion Swindle by Diana B. Henriques
accounting loophole / creative accounting, airport security, Albert Einstein, banking crisis, Bernie Madoff, break the buck, British Empire, buy and hold, centralized clearinghouse, collapse of Lehman Brothers, computerized trading, corporate raider, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, dumpster diving, Edward Thorp, financial deregulation, financial thriller, fixed income, forensic accounting, Gordon Gekko, index fund, locking in a profit, mail merge, merger arbitrage, money market fund, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ponzi scheme, Potemkin village, random walk, Renaissance Technologies, riskless arbitrage, Ronald Reagan, short selling, Small Order Execution System, source of truth, sovereign wealth fund, too big to fail, transaction costs, traveling salesman
Velvel looked like a genial gnome, short and stocky with a chin-circling white beard and owlish spectacles. When aroused, however, he could employ his words like a blowtorch. In his view, justice had to incorporate “the simple dictates of humanity,” or it was not justice. This meant that the only just definition of net equity was one that provided SIPC money to Madoff victims who otherwise “will have to continue living on welfare or dumpster diving.” If destitution was the result of Picard’s net equity formula—as it would be for some as-yet-unknown number of victims—then Picard’s formula could not possibly be just. Chaitman and Velvel became two of the most visible champions of the unlucky “net winners”. Their analysis of the New Times case was passed back and forth by e-mails and supplied to reporters as infallible doctrine. A few of their angriest supporters berated anyone—in the media or on victim chat sites—who did not agree with them.
., 2002); the quotation is at pp. 616–17. 262 nor did it flatly require the trustee to honour customers’ final account statements: The statute obliged the trustee to consider final account statements only in determining whether customers had claims for cash, which were limited to a $100,000 advance, or claims for securities, which would be eligible for a $500,000 advance. SIPC had already ruled that the Madoff victims were entitled to be treated as customers with claims for securities, not cash. 263 the Massachusetts School of Law in Andover: The law school had state permission to award law degrees but was not accredited by the American Bar Association. 263 “will have to continue living on welfare or dumpster diving”: The quotation is from Velvel’s blog, hereafter known as www.velvelonnationalaffairs.blogspot.com. 265 were generally considered fair: See, for example, the editorial “Mr. Feinberg and the Gulf Settlement,” New York Times, Aug. 29, 2010. 265 a similar approach was taken, with the same special master appointed: Campbell Robertson and John Schwartz, “Rethinking the Process for BP Spill Claims,” New York Times, Sept. 15, 2010.
Explore Everything by Bradley Garrett
airport security, Burning Man, call centre, creative destruction, deindustrialization, double helix, dumpster diving, failed state, Google Earth, Hacker Ethic, Jane Jacobs, Julian Assange, late capitalism, megacity, New Urbanism, Occupy movement, place-making, shareholder value, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, urban planning, white flight, WikiLeaks
As early as the 1980s, the term ‘hacking’ was applied to physical space by the Technology Hackers Association at MIT, who learned to pick locks and infiltrate the steam tunnels underneath the university. The same students began climbing rooftops on campus, bringing freshmen on what is called the Orange Tour, where a group of hackers wearing t-shirts stating ‘I am not here’ circumvented campus security for unsanctioned views after midnight.41 The celebrated hacker Kevin Mitnick used to Dumpster-dive in Los Angeles and find old bus passes, and after acquiring a punch-hole device identical to that of the LA Rapid Transit Authority, he would stamp out free bus transfers for passengers.42 It wasn’t until relatively recently that the term ‘hacking’ was appropriated by the virtual computing community. As the Swedish media scholar Jonas Löwgren writes, ‘the word “hack” was used to refer to … practical jokes or stunts.
Automate This: How Algorithms Came to Rule Our World by Christopher Steiner
23andMe, Ada Lovelace, airport security, Al Roth, algorithmic trading, backtesting, big-box store, Black-Scholes formula, call centre, cloud computing, collateralized debt obligation, commoditize, Credit Default Swap, credit default swaps / collateralized debt obligations, delta neutral, Donald Trump, Douglas Hofstadter, dumpster diving, Flash crash, G4S, Gödel, Escher, Bach, High speed trading, Howard Rheingold, index fund, Isaac Newton, John Markoff, John Maynard Keynes: technological unemployment, knowledge economy, late fees, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, market bubble, medical residency, money market fund, Myron Scholes, Narrative Science, PageRank, pattern recognition, Paul Graham, Pierre-Simon Laplace, prediction markets, quantitative hedge fund, Renaissance Technologies, ride hailing / ride sharing, risk tolerance, Robert Mercer, Sergey Aleynikov, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, speech recognition, Spread Networks laid a new fibre optics cable between New York and Chicago, transaction costs, upwardly mobile, Watson beat the top human players on Jeopardy!, Y Combinator
O’Connor & Associates, also in Chicago, was employing very similar tactics to Peterffy’s, outfitting its traders with cheat sheets for valuing options and supplementing that information with computers that constantly crunched data upstairs while piping new numbers down to the pits. O’Connor was so secretive about its methods that when it bought two hundred Symbolics computers in the mid-1980s, executives shredded the packaging so Dumpster-diving competitors couldn’t determine what technology the firm used.6 THE ALGORITHMS SPREAD COAST TO COAST By 1987, index funds, which tracked groups of stocks such as the S&P 500, had grown popular not only with the public but also with professional traders. But certain indexes, the S&P 500 included, could only be licensed for trade in one market. In the case of the S&P 500, the license belonged to the Chicago Mercantile Exchange.
The Wisdom of Frugality: Why Less Is More - More or Less by Emrys Westacott
Airbnb, back-to-the-land, Bertrand Russell: In Praise of Idleness, Bonfire of the Vanities, carbon footprint, clean water, Community Supported Agriculture, corporate raider, Daniel Kahneman / Amos Tversky, dark matter, Diane Coyle, discovery of DNA, Downton Abbey, dumpster diving, financial independence, full employment, greed is good, happiness index / gross national happiness, haute cuisine, hedonic treadmill, income inequality, invisible hand, Isaac Newton, loss aversion, McMansion, means of production, move fast and break things, move fast and break things, negative equity, New Urbanism, paradox of thrift, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Thales and the olive presses, Thales of Miletus, the market place, The Spirit Level, Thorstein Veblen, Upton Sinclair, Veblen good, Zipcar
In an often-cited passage in Albert Camus’s The Stranger, Meursault reflects, while in prison, that he could be content to spend his time simply looking up through a hollow tree trunk at the clouds and birds passing overhead. His thought captures not just the easy and equal accessibility of the pleasures nature offers but also their inexhaustibility. Delight in the natural world may be neither universal nor necessarily correlated with a commitment to frugality or simplicity. Some urban frugal zealots get their greatest pleasures from dumpster diving, trash picking, and finding bargains in thrift stores. But it is so common that anyone unable to appreciate nature is generally viewed as strange. And most of those who advocate simplicity certainly see a connection to nature as essential to their physical and mental well-being. The benefits people derive from this connection are not reducible to a simple enjoyment of nature’s beauty. Our link to nature runs deeper than this, as is indicated by the fact that we find nature beautiful in the first place.
Fatal System Error: The Hunt for the New Crime Lords Who Are Bringing Down the Internet by Joseph Menn
Brian Krebs, dumpster diving, fault tolerance, Firefox, John Markoff, Menlo Park, offshore financial centre, pirate software, plutocrats, Plutocrats, popular electronics, profit motive, RFID, Silicon Valley, zero day
Those men provided the bulk of the identifying information contained in credit cards’ magnetic stripes, which those in the U.S. resold in smaller quantities. Others in the U.S. acted as cashers, pillaging ATMs or using their U.S. addresses to receive goods purchased with fake credit card information. Then they resold the goods and shipped most of the profit overseas. “All [the Americans] had back then was just making novelty identification things, dumpster diving, a few small-time hacks here and there, and then a lot of shit-talking,” said fraudster turned FBI informant David R. Thomas, who went by El Mariachi on the boards. “On the Russian side it was more effective, businesslike. They were workaholics. They could pile up millions of dollars and they would still be pounding away at the keyboard 14 hours a day.” Thomas echoed Doug Havard’s amazement that King Arthur could see what was happening with the bank accounts in near-real time.
Cult of the Dead Cow: How the Original Hacking Supergroup Might Just Save the World by Joseph Menn
4chan, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, Apple II, autonomous vehicles, Berlin Wall, Bernie Sanders, bitcoin, Chelsea Manning, commoditize, corporate governance, Donald Trump, dumpster diving, Edward Snowden, Firefox, Google Chrome, Haight Ashbury, Internet of things, Jacob Appelbaum, Jason Scott: textfiles.com, John Markoff, Julian Assange, Mark Zuckerberg, Mitch Kapor, Naomi Klein, Peter Thiel, pirate software, pre–internet, Ralph Nader, ransomware, Richard Stallman, Robert Mercer, self-driving car, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, slashdot, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, Stuxnet, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks, zero day
It hosted real bomb-making instructions, among other things. But it also kept the brothers from getting drunk and getting in trouble outside their house. Kevin later told a friend that KGB “had some nutty retardo sex & violence stuff and some kinda phreaking thing about MCI,” referring to the telephonic equivalent of computer hacking. Brandon had more technological ambition than Kevin. He went dumpster diving outside big company offices, looking for anything that would help him break electronically into those businesses. He also used “blue boxes,” which were prime devices for phreaking. They emitted tones over phone lines to rig free long-distance calls. A favorite game was to keep transferring calls to stations farther along in the same direction, eventually circumnavigating the world to ring a second phone in his own house.
Stuff: Compulsive Hoarding and the Meaning of Things by Gail Steketee, Randy Frost
Sometimes people can partially or temporarily control their compulsive buying urges by avoiding the triggers for buying. Like Irene dodging newsstands, Janet often averted her eyes when she neared the cosmetics aisle. Others avoid whole sections of town because of a store that is too hard to resist when they are in the vicinity. Invariably, avoidance of this sort fails; it is almost impossible to get away from buying signals in our increasingly consumer-driven world. Dumpster Diving and Free Stuff Even for those unwilling to spend like Janet, there are plenty of pitfalls. For example, Phil from the Dateline episode could not resist the urge to scavenge through the neighborhood trash. Even the teasing his children received from other kids in the neighborhood was not enough to get him to stop. One day the film crew worked with Phil to get him to throw away something from his storage unit.
The Democracy Project: A History, a Crisis, a Movement by David Graeber
Bretton Woods, British Empire, corporate personhood, David Graeber, deindustrialization, dumpster diving, East Village, feminist movement, financial innovation, George Gilder, John Markoff, Lao Tzu, late fees, Occupy movement, payday loans, planetary scale, plutocrats, Plutocrats, Ralph Nader, reserve currency, Ronald Reagan, seigniorage, too big to fail, trickle-down economics, unpaid internship, We are the 99%, working poor
Partly this was because, inspired by the example of the Egyptian labor unions who had sent pizzas to fellow union activists occupying Wisconsin’s statehouse some months before, hundreds of people across North America and beyond reached for their credit cards and began phoning in orders for pizzas. (By week three, one local pizzeria had already created a pie especially for us: dubbed the “Occu-pie,” it consisted, they said, of “99 percent cheese, 1 percent pig.”) Much of the food was Dumpster-dived, all of it was offered free. But the libraries that cropped up everywhere were if anything even more potent symbols, especially for a population whose core was indebted former students. Libraries were immensely practical but also perfectly symbolic: libraries provide free loans, no interest, no fees—and the value of what they are lending, of words, images, above all, ideas, is not based on a principle of limited good, but actually increases with their dissemination.
Disrupted: My Misadventure in the Start-Up Bubble by Dan Lyons
activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Airbnb, Ben Horowitz, Bernie Madoff, bitcoin, call centre, cleantech, cloud computing, corporate governance, disruptive innovation, dumpster diving, fear of failure, Filter Bubble, Golden Gate Park, Google Glasses, Googley, Gordon Gekko, hiring and firing, Jeff Bezos, Lean Startup, Lyft, Marc Andreessen, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, minimum viable product, new economy, Paul Graham, pre–internet, quantitative easing, ride hailing / ride sharing, Rosa Parks, Sand Hill Road, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, Snapchat, software as a service, South of Market, San Francisco, Stanford prison experiment, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, telemarketer, tulip mania, uber lyft, Y Combinator, éminence grise
A lawyer at Goodwin Procter offered no information and would not even say which law enforcement agencies had been alerted. Days after that conversation, however, Cash got a call from an assistant U.S. attorney who said she was investigating the case with agents from the FBI’s cyber crime division. I met with them in September 2015. Even after the meeting, I still had no idea what HubSpot had done. Later I would hear some crazy stories. One was that the spying involved “Dumpster diving,” meaning that Volpe, or someone working for him, had gone to my house and dug through my trash, trying to find a manuscript. I tried to imagine Volpe out in my driveway in the middle of the night, digging through bags of used cat litter. I didn’t know whether to laugh or to cry. Another story, told to me by several present and former HubSpot employees, is that when Volpe was fired, HubSpot held an all-hands meeting to explain the news to employees, and Halligan and Spinner were sobbing.
Fabricated: The New World of 3D Printing by Hod Lipson, Melba Kurman
3D printing, a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away, additive manufacturing, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, carbon footprint, cloud computing, crowdsourcing, dumpster diving, en.wikipedia.org, factory automation, game design, global supply chain, invisible hand, James Watt: steam engine, Jeff Bezos, Kickstarter, Lean Startup, lifelogging, Mars Rover, Marshall McLuhan, microcredit, Minecraft, new economy, off grid, personalized medicine, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Feynman, stem cell, Steve Jobs, technological singularity, the market place
The Lab’s student organization, Washington Open Objects Fabricators Club (also known as “WOOF”), designed and printed a boat and entered it into the Milk Carton Derby, a high-profile boat race that’s part of Seattle’s annual Seafair Festival. Derby race rules are strict. Only the following cartons may be used to provide flotation: half gallon and one gallon plastic and paper jugs that held milk or juice. The WOOF team began work on their boat weeks before the race, in a dumpster. Students went dumpster diving and hauled nearly 40 pounds of plastic jugs back to the lab. They ground the plastic jugs into fine powder and hacked a 4-by-8-foot plasma cutter with a homemade extruder. To power the printer’s plastic extruder, undergraduate Matthew Rogge ripped out the windshield wiper motor from his Subaru. Over the course of two months and several failed test runs, students learned that printed milk jug powder, upon printing, is prone to shrink in size about 2 percent.
Duped: Double Lives, False Identities, and the Con Man I Almost Married by Abby Ellin
Bernie Madoff, bitcoin, Burning Man, business intelligence, Charles Lindbergh, cognitive dissonance, Donald Trump, double helix, dumpster diving, East Village, feminist movement, forensic accounting, fudge factor, hiring and firing, Internet Archive, longitudinal study, Lyft, mandatory minimum, meta analysis, meta-analysis, pink-collar, Ponzi scheme, Robert Hanssen: Double agent, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Skype, Snapchat, telemarketer, theory of mind, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions
He traveled, hitching rides up and down the coast. He slept in an abandoned boat. Crashed under stairwells on the University of Washington campus, tiptoeing around the library in his socks in the middle of the night. He felt elated, “finally riding the gap between thought and action,” as he put it. He and his activist friends lived hunter-gatherer existences in the lap of luxury: squatting in mansions, shoplifting, dumpster-diving from Trader Joe’s. He figured out how to get everything from phone cards to food for free. His mantra: “Young till I die.” ONE DAY WHILE he was loitering at the university, a scruffy guy in a knit cap approached him and invited him to a meeting of an animal rights group, Students for Animal Liberation. Young didn’t know what the guy was proposing exactly, but he was intrigued. “He said, ‘Show up at my house on Friday night at this time and we’ll go do something,’” he recalled.
Maphead: Charting the Wide, Weird World of Geography Wonks by Ken Jennings
Asperger Syndrome, augmented reality, Bartolomé de las Casas, Berlin Wall, Boris Johnson, British Empire, clean water, David Brooks, digital map, don't be evil, dumpster diving, Eratosthenes, game design, Google Earth, helicopter parent, hive mind, index card, John Harrison: Longitude, John Snow's cholera map, Mercator projection, Mercator projection distort size, especially Greenland and Africa, Mikhail Gorbachev, New Journalism, openstreetmap, place-making, Ronald Reagan, Saturday Night Live, Skype, Stewart Brand, Tacoma Narrows Bridge, traveling salesman, urban planning
Only a handful of brave souls have found the cache: its Geocaching.com terrain rating is the maximum five stars, which would be a first for me. “THIS IS A VERY DIFFICULT SLOPE,” warns the hider’s description in stern capital letters. “DO NOT ATTEMPT THIS CACHE ALONE.” He also reminds me that I’m under no obligation to seek his cache, that he assumes no liability in the event of my untimely death or mangling disfigurement, etc. No more Dumpster diving—this is the cache for me! That weekend, I dig out my hiking boots and some old work gloves and drive up to Hard Scrabble Falls. I’ve never been on this highway before, so I’ve brought some printouts of other nearby geocaches I might pass along the way. But the five-star cache is the first order of business. The bottom of the falls is a short, easy hike up a dry creek bed from the trailhead, and the morning is soul-scrubbingly beautiful.
Tightrope: Americans Reaching for Hope by Nicholas D. Kristof, Sheryl Wudunn
Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, basic income, Bernie Sanders, carried interest, correlation does not imply causation, creative destruction, David Brooks, Donald Trump, dumpster diving, Edward Glaeser, Elon Musk, epigenetics, full employment, Home mortgage interest deduction, housing crisis, impulse control, income inequality, Jeff Bezos, job automation, jobless men, knowledge economy, labor-force participation, low skilled workers, mandatory minimum, Martin Wolf, mass incarceration, Mikhail Gorbachev, offshore financial centre, randomized controlled trial, rent control, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Reagan, Shai Danziger, single-payer health, Steven Pinker, The Spirit Level, universal basic income, upwardly mobile, Vanguard fund, War on Poverty, working poor
(photo by Lynsey Addario) On Christmas every year, he said, his kids come and “hunt me down like a pack of wild dogs” for a reunion to wish him well. We asked if he had any mental-health issues. “I ain’t crazy,” he replied. “Sometimes I get kind of lost in my own head, you know. My mind kind of wanders. I can never remember what day it is.” He said he earns about $10 a day by collecting cans and bottles for deposits and eats meals at church soup kitchens (including one that Nick’s mom volunteers at). He supplements this by dumpster diving for food: “If I’m hungry, hungry, hungry, I’ll eat it.” He had food stamps but was suspended for a year when he let a friend, while shopping for both of them, use his card. Ebullient just as he had been as a boy, Mike regaled us with stories about heroic military deployments, about a Purple Heart and “Medal of Valor,” about a bullet wound in the stomach from combat in Central America. When we expressed awe, he humbly said that there were others who never made it back at all
The Vegetarian Myth: Food, Justice, and Sustainability by Lierre Keith
British Empire, car-free, clean water, cognitive dissonance, correlation does not imply causation, Drosophila, dumpster diving, en.wikipedia.org, Gary Taubes, Haber-Bosch Process, longitudinal study, McMansion, meta analysis, meta-analysis, out of africa, peak oil, placebo effect, Rosa Parks, the built environment
I slipped back and forth across a very narrow ethical line, aghast at my own willingness to even consider participating in domestication, which was by definition the exploitation of animals. How could I stop the insects that were after my food? Chickens and ducks were the permaculture answer, in complete opposition to the vegan answer. And what about the fertilizer? Maybe I could find another source of unused manure. Well, maybe I could, but that’s like suggesting dumpster diving as a solution to economic oppression. I’d only be skimming the excess and pretending. The basic fact remained: somebody had to keep those cows and goats so I could use the manure. Animals, exploited for milk, meat, and eggs, were necessary for my food, whether I kept or ate them or not. Maybe—I inched toward the side of evil—maybe I could have them without exploiting them. I could adopt animals nobody wanted—old hens, boy goats—let them live out their natural lives, and in exchange I could have their manure and their bug-eating services.
Coding Freedom: The Ethics and Aesthetics of Hacking by E. Gabriella Coleman
activist lawyer, Benjamin Mako Hill, commoditize, crowdsourcing, Debian, Donald Knuth, dumpster diving, en.wikipedia.org, financial independence, ghettoisation, GnuPG, Hacker Ethic, informal economy, Jacob Appelbaum, Jaron Lanier, Jason Scott: textfiles.com, Jean Tirole, knowledge economy, laissez-faire capitalism, Larry Wall, Louis Pasteur, means of production, Paul Graham, peer-to-peer, pirate software, popular electronics, RFC: Request For Comment, Richard Stallman, rolodex, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, slashdot, software patent, software studies, Steve Ballmer, Steven Levy, Ted Nelson, The Hackers Conference, the scientific method, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, web application, web of trust
“I wanted a bite of the forbidden fruit.” Even as a kid, his victims were a diverse lot: his homeroom teacher, the phone company, and even the Los Angeles Rapid Transit District. After he bought the same device used by bus drivers for punching transfers, he adopted the persona of Robin Hood, spending hours riding the entire bus network, punching his own pirated transfers to give to customers. He found transfer stubs while dumpster diving, another time-honored hacker practice for finding information that was especially popular before the advent of paper shredding. Despite the way that lawyers and journalists had used Mitnick’s case to give hackers a bad name, Mitnick clearly still used the term with pride. When I finished my story describing what I personally thought was a pretty engrossing speech, one hacker, who obviously disapproved of my reference to Mitnick as a “hacker,” replied, “Kevin is not a hacker.
Fuller Memorandum by Stross, Charles
Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, Beeching cuts, British Empire, cognitive dissonance, complexity theory, congestion charging, dumpster diving, finite state, Firefox, HyperCard, invisible hand, land reform, linear programming, MITM: man-in-the-middle, peak oil, post-work, security theater, sensible shoes, side project, Sloane Ranger, telemarketer, Turing machine
Then I hunt across my desk until--aha!--I find Angleton's original spidery scrawl, numbers swimming before my eyes like exotic fish. Ten numbers. I go through them checking off the files I've got, until I identify the number that's missing. 10.0.792.560. Right. I call up the requisition and look for 10.0.792.560. Sure enough, it's there. So I ordered it, but it isn't in my office. Double shit. I dumpster-dive the transaction file, looking for my request: Did they fill it? Oh. Oh my. DOCUMENT NOT FOUND ON DESIGNATED SHELF. I just about faint with relief, but manage to force myself to pick up the phone and dial the front desk number. "Hello? Archives?" The voice at the far end is female, distracted, a little squawky, and all human--for which I am grateful: not all the archive staff are warm-blooded.
Dark Territory: The Secret History of Cyber War by Fred Kaplan
Cass Sunstein, computer age, data acquisition, drone strike, dumpster diving, Edward Snowden, game design, hiring and firing, index card, Internet of things, Jacob Appelbaum, John Markoff, John von Neumann, kremlinology, Mikhail Gorbachev, millennium bug, national security letter, packet switching, pre–internet, RAND corporation, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Skype, Stuxnet, uranium enrichment, Y2K, zero day
Many defense computers, it turned out, weren’t protected by a password. Others were protected by the lamest passwords, like “password” or “ABCDE” or “12345.” In some cases, the Red Team snipped all of an office’s links except for a fax line, then flooded that line with call after call after call, shutting it down. In a few instances, NSA attachés—one inside the Pentagon, the other at a Pacific Command facility in Hawaii—went dumpster diving, riffling through trash cans and dumpsters, looking for passwords. This trick, too, bore fruit. The team had the hardest time hacking into the server of the J-2, the Joint Staff’s intelligence directorate. Finally, one of the team members simply called the J-2’s office and said that he was with the Pentagon’s IT department, that there were some technical problems, and that he needed to reset all the passwords.
Merchants' War by Stross, Charles
If you want to contact me, write a letter, stick it in an envelope, and put it in your trash can on top of the refuse sacks." "Aren't you scared I'll just pass everything to my superiors? Or they'll mount a watch on the trash?" "No." Eyes twinkled in the darkness. "Because first, you didn't make a move on my daughter when you had the chance. And second, have you any idea how many warm bodies it takes to mount a twenty-four/seven watch on a trash can? One that's capable of grabbing a dumpster-diving world-walker without killing them?" "I've got to admit, I hadn't thought about it." Olga cleared her throat. "It takes two watchers per team, minimum. Five teams, each working just under thirty hours a week, in rotation. They'll need a blind, plus perimeter alarms, plus coordination with the refuse companies so they know when to expect a legitimate collection, and that's just the watchers.
The Push by Tommy Caldwell
I continued attending competitions, usually placing in the top three, but almost never winning. After entry fees, the prize money typically left me with about a hundred bucks a month, enough to keep climbing and going to comps. I showered maybe twice a month at YMCAs, and spent my rest days at public libraries and dollar movie theaters. I shopped at dented can and expired food stores, and even did a bit of Dumpster diving. I always slept in my car. Seeing how little money I could spend became a fun game. I cherished the freedom associated with a lack of material need. In between trips I’d go home, empty my parents’ pantry, and head back on the road. One of those trips took Chris and me to Smith Rock State Park, in central Oregon’s high desert. We’d kept in touch and he’d dropped out of high school to compete and climb full time.
Iron Sunrise by Stross, Charles
blood diamonds, dumpster diving, gravity well, hiring and firing, industrial robot, life extension, loose coupling, mass immigration, mutually assured destruction, phenotype, planetary scale, postindustrial economy, RFID, side project, speech recognition, technological singularity, trade route, urban sprawl, zero-sum game
Like misfits from time immemorial, she’d had an invisible friend since she was young: they played together, exploring the espionage envelope. Elevator surfing. Duct diving — with an oxy mask; you could never tell what might be on the other side of a sealed bulkhead. But most kids didn’t have invisible friends who talked back via the expensive net implants their parents had shelled out for, much less taught them skills like steganography, traffic analysis, tail spotting, and Dumpster diving. And most kids grew out of having invisible friends, whereas Wednesday didn’t. That was because most misfit kids’ invisible friends were imaginary. Wednesday’s wasn’t. When she was younger she’d told her brother Jeremy about her friend, who was called Herman: but Jerm had blabbed to Mum, and the result was a tense inquisition and trips to the network engineers, then the counselor’s office.
Jennifer Morgue by Stross, Charles
call centre, correlation does not imply causation, disintermediation, dumpster diving, Etonian, haute couture, interchangeable parts, Maui Hawaii, MITM: man-in-the-middle, mutually assured destruction, planetary scale, RFID, Silicon Valley, Skype, slashdot, stem cell, telepresence, traveling salesman, Turing machine
Next thing, he drops the block between us. That's all I know, I swear!'' ''Uh-huh.'' The stairs feel as if they're on the edge of crumbling beneath my shoes, maggot-riddled boards creaking warnings to one another. The air is turning clammy. Keep breathing, I remind myself. ''You haven't been entirely honest with me, have you? You and Pat. You've been using that block of his to keep me from dumpster-diving your head for intelligence. Playing me like an instrument:'' ''Hey, you're a fine one to talk!'' Too late: I realize she's glimpsed my memory of Mo's briefing. Secure the geas generator. ''You guys want it, too.'' ''No,'' I say grimly, ''we want to stop anyone from getting it. Because if you think through the political implications of a human power suddenly starting to play with chthonian tech, you need to ask yourself whether BLUE HADES would view it — '' Creepy violin music in the back of my head raises the hair on the nape of my neck, just as I round the corner at the top of the stairs and come face to face with another zombie in a black uniform.
Evicted: Poverty and Profit in the American City by Matthew Desmond
affirmative action, Cass Sunstein, crack epidemic, Credit Default Swap, deindustrialization, desegregation, dumpster diving, ending welfare as we know it, fixed income, ghettoisation, glass ceiling, Gunnar Myrdal, housing crisis, informal economy, Jane Jacobs, jobless men, Kickstarter, late fees, mass incarceration, New Urbanism, payday loans, price discrimination, profit motive, rent control, statistical model, superstar cities, The Chicago School, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, thinkpad, upwardly mobile, working poor, young professional
“If somebody’s not here, somebody’s calling.” She kept large bowls of rice and beans on hand and never locked the door. Scott began sleeping on the Aldeas’ couch and picking up their children from school. Soon, he began working with David, a freelance mason and, in lean weeks, a metal scrapper. Scott liked the work, especially the urban adventure of hunting for aluminum or steel scraps, even if it did involve the occasional Dumpster dive. A barrel-chested Puerto Rican man with pinched eyes and a ready grin, sometimes David paid Scott and sometimes he didn’t. Scott didn’t complain. How could he, after what David and Anna had done for him? — At first, Scott liked cleaning the Serenity Club. The pay was piddly—$7.15 an hour, which would give him around $100 a week—but because he worked alone, from ten p.m. to one a.m. most nights, it gave him time to think.
Roving Mars: Spirit, Opportunity, and the Exploration of the Red Planet by Steven Squyres
As Steve Gorevan told me on the phone, “We’re touching something sacred here. It’s not enough to walk over to a plastic bucket in a firehouse and take something. We have to have a pedigree, some official transfer of material.” It was so ironic; endless truckloads of debris from the towers were flowing by Honeybee every day. But if we were going to do this, we couldn’t build a memorial by going Dumpster diving, or by grabbing something off the back of a truck. We had to do it right. Steve had an idea. A friend of his, John Sexton, was the dean of the NYU Law School, and well known within the administration of New York’s mayor, Rudy Giuliani. Working through Sexton, Steve made contacts at a series of increasingly high levels within the overburdened city administration. At every step he struggled to convince people that we were legit, that we really were sending something to Mars.
Rise of the Machines: A Cybernetic History by Thomas Rid
1960s counterculture, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, agricultural Revolution, Albert Einstein, Alistair Cooke, Apple II, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, back-to-the-land, Berlin Wall, British Empire, Brownian motion, Buckminster Fuller, business intelligence, Charles Lindbergh, Claude Shannon: information theory, conceptual framework, connected car, domain-specific language, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Engelbart, dumpster diving, Extropian, full employment, game design, global village, Haight Ashbury, Howard Rheingold, Jaron Lanier, job automation, John Markoff, John von Neumann, Kevin Kelly, Kubernetes, Marshall McLuhan, Menlo Park, Mitch Kapor, Mother of all demos, new economy, New Journalism, Norbert Wiener, offshore financial centre, oil shale / tar sands, pattern recognition, RAND corporation, Silicon Valley, Simon Singh, speech recognition, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, technoutopianism, Telecommunications Act of 1996, telepresence, The Hackers Conference, Vernor Vinge, Whole Earth Catalog, Whole Earth Review, Y2K, Yom Kippur War, Zimmermann PGP
Then, after multiple hops to mask their identity, they attempted to penetrate critical US networks. Some users of critical military systems, it turned out, simply used the word “password” as their password. The NSA also tricked and socially engineered PACOM staff to open dodgy e-mail attachments laced with malware. The Joint Staff using another, more tested method, sent very special forces out to Hickam Field to “dumpster-dive” for discarded printouts with log-in information or other useful details. One day the red team at FANX III received an e-mail from PACOM: “Don’t use MILNET,” it said. “The network has been compromised.” The officers at Pacific Command sending the e-mail of course did not realize that they had actually sent a warning to the ones attacking them. “Oh shit, this is not good,” the red team thought at first.51 But then somebody had the idea to trick Pacific Command: the red team changed the body of the message and spoofed the e-mail’s sender information: “We’ve corrected the problem,” the government-sponsored hackers told PACOM, pretending to be PACOM’s own technical team reporting that its systems were good to go again.
The Book: A Cover-To-Cover Exploration of the Most Powerful Object of Our Time by Keith Houston
clean water, Commentariolus, dumpster diving, Eratosthenes, financial innovation, invention of movable type, Islamic Golden Age, Kickstarter, knowledge economy, means of production, Murano, Venice glass, paper trading, Ponzi scheme, wikimedia commons
Franz Boas, the father of modern American anthropology, reportedly said, “Man never lies to his garbage heap,” and he was right: a large part of what is known about humanity’s past has been divined from contents of the piles and pits of refuse that surrounded our settlements.1 History, it turns out, is written not by the strongest but by the messiest, and the history of books is no exception. The few tantalizing glimpses that we have into the formative years of the paged book are due to one particular episode of archaeological dumpster-diving, the heroically dogged excavation of many centuries’ worth of one town’s refuse that massively expanded our understanding of the literary cultures of ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Late in 1896, two English archaeologists made the trek from the leafy environs of their alma mater in Oxford to the Egyptian village of El-Bahnasa, a few days south of the ancient capital of Memphis and sited on a branch of the Nile called the Bahr Yusuf, or “Joseph’s Canal.”2 Though adorned here and there with classical ruins, El-Bahnasa had been largely ignored by the many itinerant academics then combing Egypt’s ancient landscape, and so Bernard P.
A Paradise Built in Hell: Extraordinary Communities That Arise in Disaster by Rebecca Solnit
Berlin Wall, Burning Man, centre right, Community Supported Agriculture, David Graeber, different worldview, dumpster diving, Golden Gate Park, illegal immigration, Loma Prieta earthquake, means of production, Mikhail Gorbachev, Naomi Klein, Nelson Mandela, race to the bottom, Ralph Waldo Emerson, rent control, South of Market, San Francisco, Thomas Malthus, Upton Sinclair, urban planning, War on Poverty, yellow journalism
It resembles the campouts that have become a major part of counterculture gatherings since the 1960s, notably the biggest and longest-lived of them all, the Rainbow Gatherings held annually since the early 1970s. They have bridged the gap between utopian experiment and traditional carnival, incorporating costuming, dancing, music, festivity, ceremony, and large-scale mingling. In creating an infrastructure to maintain weeks of communal life, the gatherings recall utopian communities, but in producing nothing practical and instead relying on resources garnered in the outside world, whether by Dumpster diving or putting it on a credit card, they are more like a festival. If you regard mainstream society as a disaster—some Rainbows call it Babylon—it makes sense to create the equivalent of a disaster community as an alternative and refuge from it. This is one of the arenas in contemporary society where revolution, disaster, and carnival converge into something namelessly new. The first Rainbow Gathering was in 1972, and it’s said that Vietnam vets with experience in setting up field kitchens, latrines, and hospitals were instrumental in creating the infrastructure.
Finding Community: How to Join an Ecovillage or Intentional Community by Diana Leafe Christian
• “Disliking the decision-making method” • “Allowing questionable people to join the community” • “Gossip” • “Communication problems between managers and workers” But it was the deep soul searching I experienced which perhaps surprised me the most on this journey. The various issues communities were wrestling with swirled around in my head as I drove from place to place. “What does it really mean to live sustainably?” “Is dumpster diving for food really living simply?” “Can some protest marches cause more harm than good, and how does one determine this ahead of time?” “Can a pet policy be created that satisŠes both members who like pets and members who extremely dislike them?” Traveling through the state of Kentucky caused my mind to work overtime! It started by seeing some of the Appalachian mountains blown apart in the zeal to mine coal.Then I heard the stories of black lung disease, and people’s lives or whole towns uprooted when coal companies bought up mountain property and started mining there.
Accelerando by Stross, Charles
business cycle, call centre, carbon-based life, cellular automata, cognitive dissonance, commoditize, Conway's Game of Life, dark matter, dumpster diving, Extropian, finite state, Flynn Effect, glass ceiling, gravity well, John von Neumann, Kickstarter, knapsack problem, Kuiper Belt, Magellanic Cloud, mandelbrot fractal, market bubble, means of production, MITM: man-in-the-middle, orbital mechanics / astrodynamics, packet switching, performance metric, phenotype, planetary scale, Pluto: dwarf planet, reversible computing, Richard Stallman, SETI@home, Silicon Valley, Singularitarianism, slashdot, South China Sea, stem cell, technological singularity, telepresence, The Chicago School, theory of mind, Turing complete, Turing machine, Turing test, upwardly mobile, Vernor Vinge, Von Neumann architecture, web of trust, Y2K, zero-sum game
Newly formed, slowly unskeletonizing corpses – like a time-lapse process of decay with a finger angrily twisting the dial into high-speed reverse – is both distasteful and aesthetically displeasing to watch. Nor do the bodies tell him anything about their occupants. This sort of stuff is just a necessary prequel to the main event, a formal reception and banquet to which he has devoted the full-time attention of four ghosts. He could, given a few less inhibitions, go Dumpster-diving in their mental archives, but that's one of the big taboos of the post-wetware age. (Spy agencies went meme-profiling and memory-mining in the third and fourth decades, gained a thought police rap sheet, and spawned a backlash of deviant mental architectures resilient to infowar intrusions. Now the nations that those spook institutions served no longer exist, their very landmasses being part of the orbiting nöosphere construction project that will ultimately turn the mass of the entire solar system into a gigantic Matrioshka brain.
How Money Became Dangerous by Christopher Varelas
activist fund / activist shareholder / activist investor, Airbnb, airport security, barriers to entry, basic income, bitcoin, blockchain, Bonfire of the Vanities, California gold rush, cashless society, corporate raider, crack epidemic, cryptocurrency, discounted cash flows, disintermediation, diversification, diversified portfolio, Donald Trump, dumpster diving, fiat currency, fixed income, friendly fire, full employment, Gordon Gekko, greed is good, interest rate derivative, John Meriwether, Kickstarter, Long Term Capital Management, mandatory minimum, mobile money, mortgage debt, pensions crisis, pets.com, pre–internet, profit motive, risk tolerance, Saturday Night Live, shareholder value, side project, Silicon Valley, Steve Jobs, technology bubble, The Predators' Ball, too big to fail, universal basic income, zero day
The 1986 Fortune magazine cover that featured a young investment banker cockily holding a cigar and gazing into the camera with an expression of callous confidence had in big red caps: WALL STREET’S OVERPAID YOUNG STARS, and a caption that read: “At 31, Kansas-born David Wittig makes some $500,000 a year at Kidder Peabody.” (Wittig was the same guy who would later run Salomon’s M&A department, the managing director who played golf with my sister and interviewed Michael Soenen for a job, tormenting him about Teterboro tail numbers and Dumpster-diving for Wall Street Journal throwaways.) The Fortune magazine cover made waves throughout and beyond the industry. It was the first widely discussed example of Wall Street compensation, and, in many ways, it was the moment that triggered a seminal change in the financial services industry toward compensation transparency. While people on Wall Street were stunned that the numbers had been so cavalierly hung in public, Main Street was equal parts shocked, disgusted, and intrigued by how much Wittig was being paid.
Bill Marriott: Success Is Never Final--His Life and the Decisions That Built a Hotel Empire by Dale van Atta
Berlin Wall, Charles Lindbergh, clean water, collective bargaining, corporate raider, Deng Xiaoping, Donald Trump, dumpster diving, financial innovation, hiring and firing, index card, indoor plumbing, Kickstarter, Maui Hawaii, medical residency, Menlo Park, Mikhail Gorbachev, mortgage debt, profit motive, Robert Bork, Ronald Reagan, shareholder value, short selling, urban renewal
During a stay at the hotel, Samaranch called the manager frantically to say that he thought he had left the chestnut on his room-service tray. The director of room service climbed into the kitchen dumpster to look for it—a task made more difficult by the fact that he didn’t know what a chestnut looked like. He found it and returned it to the grateful Samaranch. Then came another call the next morning. He had left the chestnut on the room-service tray again. So, again, the manager went dumpster diving to retrieve it. Bill told the story to an employee conference and concluded, “To our customers, let me say, ‘We may not be able to pull your chestnuts out of the fire, but we will go into the dumpster for you!’ Every time.”7 As Bill moved aggressively toward the goal of 2,000 MI hotels by the year 2000, he worked hand in hand with Host Marriott’s CEO, Steve Bollenbach. Though he was a first-time CEO, the 52-year-old Bollenbach did not always dance to Bill’s tune, but they were in agreement more often than they disagreed.
May We Be Forgiven by A. M. Homes
“Maybe I should just burn the ID,” she says. “Destroying evidence,” I say. “How about just going to the police and saying, ‘Hi there, I found these in a trash can and realized they belong to the girl in the garbage bag.’” “It’s kind of fascinating,” she says, “what you find in the garbage.” “What made you look in there?” “I don’t know. Something caught my eye. I used to have a boyfriend who was into Dumpster diving.” “Why would you appropriate someone else’s identification?” “Haven’t you ever just needed to be someone else?” she says. I shrug no. “I was working, I had a job, I lived in Brooklyn. I really liked it. I was dating this guy, flawed but a warm body; we had a cat. And then my mother fell and my father couldn’t take care of her, and so I came home, and it’s like sinking into quicksand. I had to give up my job, my boyfriend wasn’t really into family.
Applied Cryptography: Protocols, Algorithms, and Source Code in C by Bruce Schneier
active measures, cellular automata, Claude Shannon: information theory, complexity theory, dark matter, Donald Davies, Donald Knuth, dumpster diving, Exxon Valdez, fault tolerance, finite state, invisible hand, John von Neumann, knapsack problem, MITM: man-in-the-middle, NP-complete, P = NP, packet switching, RAND corporation, RFC: Request For Comment, software patent, telemarketer, traveling salesman, Turing machine, web of trust, Zimmermann PGP
It’s all too tempting to misuse these estimates as if they were overall security metrics for the systems in which they are used. The real world offers the attacker a richer menu of options than mere cryptanalysis. Often more worrisome are protocol attacks, Trojan horses, viruses, electromagnetic monitoring, physical compromise, blackmail and intimidation of key holders, operating system bugs, application program bugs, hardware bugs, user errors, physical eavesdropping, social engineering, and dumpster diving, to name just a few. High-quality ciphers and protocols are important tools, but by themselves make poor substitutes for realistic, critical thinking about what is actually being protected and how various defenses might fail (attackers, after all, rarely restrict themselves to the clean, well-defined threat models of the academic world). Ross Anderson gives examples of cryptographically strong systems (in the banking industry) that fail when exposed to the threats of the real world [43, 44].