South of Market, San Francisco

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pages: 518 words: 170,126

City for Sale: The Transformation of San Francisco by Chester W. Hartman, Sarah Carnochan

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affirmative action, Albert Einstein, Bay Area Rapid Transit, big-box store, business climate, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, housing crisis, illegal immigration, Loma Prieta earthquake, manufacturing employment, new economy, New Urbanism, profit motive, Ralph Nader, rent control, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, strikebreaker, union organizing, urban planning, urban renewal, very high income, young professional

Jean Fuller Anderson, “New Wave of Entrepreneurs Is Rejuvenating South of Market Showplace Square Area,” San Francisco Business, 26 July 1982; Jack Miller, “New Owners Plan for Big Showplace,” San Francisco Sunday Examiner & Chronicle, 22 May 1983. 13. See Gayle S. Rubin, “The Miracle Mile: South of Market and Gay Male Leather,” in Reclaiming San Francisco, ed. James Brook, Chris Carlsson, and Nancy J. Peters (San Francisco: City Lights Books, 1998), 247 – 72. 14. See John McCloud, “Builders Bet on San Francisco High-Rises,” New York Times, 29 August 1999. chapter 11 . city hall 1. Eugene C. Lee and Jonathan S. Rothman, “San Francisco’s District System Alters Electoral Politics,” National Civic Review 67 (April 1978): 173–78. 2. Dexter Waugh, “Community Congresses: The New Way to Carve a Consensus,” San Francisco Examiner, 16 May 1977. 3. Duffy Jennings, “Group Seeks Repeal of District Elections,” San Francisco Chronicle, 2 December 1976. 4. Ibid. 5.

., 43 Simon, Paul, 315n Sister Boom Boom, 247 “Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence,” 247 Sixth Street, 78, 86, 219, 220, 221 Sixth Street Merchants and Residents Association, 223 60 Minutes, 247 Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, 45, 156, 160, 163, 302 Skid Row, 34, 39, 54, 60–62, 68, 70, 82, 116, 220, 412n24 Sklar, Richard, 144, 252, 281, 283, 314 SKS Investments, 269, 331 Smith, Arlo, 303 Smith, Charles, 418n27 Social Science Research, Bureau of, 78 Social Services, Department of, 67, 138 Social Services Building, 146 “soft money,” 270n, 273, 315n Solnit, Rebecca, 397 Solomon, Emmett, 405n35 Solvin, Francis, 25 Sony Corporation, 214 Sorro, Rick, 139 Southern Pacific (SP), 5, 6, 61, 182–87, 230, 231, 245, 262, 291, 295, 302, 316, 394, 395, 405n35 South of Market, 8, 11–14, 17, 19, 32, 34, 37, 38, 44, 46, 48, 54–76, 91, 95, 96, 115, 122, 125, 136, 138, 141, 155, 165, 173, 178, 182, 184, 220, 223, 225–26, 272, 297, 298, 301, 302, 305–7, 326, 334, 345, 365, 370, 391, 397, 412n24 South of Market Advisory Committee, 52 South of Market Business Association, 223 South of Market Health Center, 217 South of Market Problem Solving Council, 223 South Park, 58, 72 Spectacor Management Group, 174 sports arena, 12, 14, 31, 32, 45, 50, 51, 52, 108, 110, 118, 129–33, 171–78, 396 SPUR. See San Francisco Planning and Urban Renewal (Research) Association Stadium, Inc., 171, 172 Index / 485 stadium, downtown, 171 –78, 183, 226, 256, 336 Standard Oil of California, 44, 230, 245, 301, 405n35.

During World War II, heavy unemployment no longer characterized South of Market, as huge work demands provided ready jobs. In the war years, San Francisco became a dormitory metropolis housing war industry workers and military personnel. As newly arrived workers, seamen, soldiers, and sailors joined the traditional residents in the hotels, boarding houses, bars, and restaurants, South of Market temporarily revived. After the war, the cheap hotel district remained, and by 1950 single men represented 72 percent of the area’s population. Wartime brought to the South of Market one obvious change that also occurred in most northern cities, as well as in other parts of San Francisco: a substantial immigration of nonwhites. This migration of mainly black workers was followed by an influx of Asians. During the 1950s, South of Market was to become a reception area for a Filipino population of seasonal workers and, later, of family groupings.


pages: 255 words: 90,456

Frommer's Irreverent Guide to San Francisco by Matthew Richard Poole

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Bay Area Rapid Transit, game design, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, haute cuisine, Loma Prieta earthquake, Maui Hawaii, pez dispenser, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, Torches of Freedom, upwardly mobile

There is one sure- fire perfect way to spend your first afternoon in San Francisco—take $5 out of your pocket, walk a few blocks up Powell from Market Street (away from the turnaround), DIVERSIONS When it comes to maps, you need two kinds—an overall view of the neighborhoods in relation to each other, and a comprehensive street map. A neighborhood map will show clearly, for example, that Haight-Ashbury is right next to Golden Gate Park, which stretches from the middle of the city all the way to the Pacific Ocean (at Ocean Beach, near the Cliff House). You’ll see that the Castro and the Mission District—right next to each other, and not too far east of Haight-Ashbury—are both south of Market Street, but the neighborhood officially known as South of Market is quite a distance farther east, in the downtown area. You’ll also see that San Francisco—a city and county unto itself—is at the northern tip of a peninsula flanked by the San Francisco Bay on the east and the Pacific Ocean on the west.

., 101 Tet Festival, 226 Theater, 204, 207–209 Theater Rhinoceros, 204, 208, 218 Therapy, 156, 171 Thirsty Bear Brewing Company, 188, 198 GENERAL INDEX Saks Fifth Avenue, 152, 170 The Saloon, 183, 197 San Francisco 49ers, 213, 217 San Francisco Ballet, 204, 210, 217 San Francisco Bay Guardian, 228 San Francisco Blues Festival, 227 San Francisco Chronicle, 228 San Francisco Convention and Visitors Bureau, 18, 230 San Francisco Dental Office, 224 San Francisco Electric Tour Company, 140 San Francisco Giants, 212–213, 217 San Francisco International Airport (SFO), 221 San Francisco Lawn Bowling Club, 138 San Francisco Marathon, 131, 227 San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMoMA), 106, 122 parking near, 228 San Francisco Opera, 204, 211, 217 San Francisco Reservations, 18 San Francisco SAFE, 229 San Francisco School of Windsurfing, 136 San Francisco Shakespeare Festival, 227 San Francisco Sports and Boat Show, 226 San Francisco Symphony, 9, 204, 209–210, 218 San Francisco Weekly, 228 San Francisco Zoo & Children’s Zoo, 122 San Jose Arena, 213, 218 San Jose Sharks, 213, 218 San Quentin State Prison, 103 Santa Cruz Surfing Museum, 109, 122 Saturn Records, 159, 171 SBC Park, 212–213, 218 Scents, 157 Schramsberg (Calistoga), 141 Sea Trek Ocean Kayaking Center, 136 Segway tours, 140 Sex toys, 156 SF International Film Festival, 226 SFO Airporter, 222 Shakespeare Festival, San Francisco, 227 Shawn, Wallace, 25 Shoes, 152 Shopping, 146–172 bargain hunting, 150 bookstores, 158–159 comics, 156 crafts, 154 crystal, 155 department stores, 152 fashions (clothing), 152–154 hours of business, 151 jewelry, 155 238 330 Ritch, 183, 198 Thrift shops, 154 Thrift Town, 154, 171 Tien Hon Temple, 100–101 Tiffany and Co., 171 Tipping, 230 Toilets, public, 8 Toronado Pub, 186, 198 Tosca Cafe, 112, 123 Towaway zones, 230 Toys, 158 TravelAxe, 18 Trefethen (Napa), 141 Tse Cashmere, 152, 171 24 Hour Fitness, 133 Twin Peaks, 190, 198 Union Square accommodations, 18 parking, 228 shopping, 148, 151 Union Street, 148 Upper Haight, 179 SAN FRANCISCO GENERAL INDEX Van Ness Avenue, 19 Vermont Street, 6 Vertigo (film), 5 Vesuvio, 110, 112, 123 Veteran’s, 230 Victorian Homes Historical Walking Tour, 116, 123 Visitor information, 230–231 Wacky Jacky, 137 Walgreens, 222 Walking tours, 115–116 Washington Square Bar & Grill, 112, 123 Wasteland, 154, 172 Watersports, 136 Wave Organ, 129 Waverly Place, 100 Weather, 6–7 Wilde, Oscar, 26 Wilkes-Bashford, 152–153, 172 Windsurfing, 136 Wine country, Napa Valley, 140 Wines and liquors, 158 Wish Bar, 179–180, 198 The Wok Shop, 102 Wok Wiz Chinatown Walking Tours, 116, 123 Worldware, 154, 172 Yellow Airport Shuttle, 222 Yellow Cab, 230 Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, 106, 123 Yone of San Francisco, 155, 172 Yoshi’s, 181, 198 Zeum, 114, 124 Accommodations Andrews Hotel, 30, 35 Archbishop’s Mansion, 22, 30, 35 Campton Place Hotel, 29, 35 Central YMCA, 17, 23–24, 36 Claremont Resort Hotel & Spa, 31, 36 Commodore Hotel, 32, 36 The Donatello, 21–22, 36 The Edwardian San Francisco Hotel, 25, 36 Elements Hotel, 24 The Fairmont Hotel, 5, 16, 21, 27, 36 Grant Plaza, 24, 37 Green Tortoise Guest House, 24, 37 Hostelling International San Francisco—Downtown, 24, 37 Hostelling International San Francisco—Fisherman’s Wharf, 17, 24, 37 Hotel Astoria, 24, 37 Hotel Bijou, 27, 37 Hotel Bohème, 17, 26, 27, 38 Hotel des Arts, 28, 38 Hotel Diva, 16, 32, 38 Hotel Drisco, 30, 38 Hotel Metropolis, 16, 28, 32, 38 Hotel Monaco, 16, 21, 29, 38 Hotel Nikko, 25, 39 Hotel Palomar, 33, 39 Hotel Rex, 25–26, 39 Hotel Triton, 16, 32, 39 Huntington Hotel, 26, 39 Hyatt Regency, 5 Inn at the Opera, 17, 27, 30–32, 39 InterContinental Mark Hopkins, 21, 40 Jackson Court, 30, 40 Laurel Inn, 29, 40 The Mandarin Oriental, 23, 40 Manka’s Inverness Lodge & Restaurant, 33, 40 Maxwell Hotel, 31, 40 Mill Valley Inn, 33, 41 The Mosser, 28–29, 41 Nob Hill Lambourne, 27, 41 The Palace Hotel, 26, 41 Pan-Pacific Hotel, 5 The Phoenix Hotel, 20–21, 31–32, 41 Prescott Hotel, 16, 22, 31, 41 The Queen Anne Hotel, 23, 42 Radisson Miyako Hotel, 25, 27, 42 Red Victorian Bed, Breakfast & Art, 22–23, 42 The Ritz-Carlton San Francisco, 27, 42 San Francisco Marriott, 5, 29, 42 San Remo Hotel, 17, 20, 31, 42 Seal Rock Inn, 29 Stanford Inn by the Sea, 43 Stanford Inn by the Sea (Mendocino), 33 24 Henry Guesthouse, 25, 43 239 Westin Saint Francis Hotel, 5, 10, 19, 21, 28, 29, 43, 104 York Hotel, 26–27, 43 Restaurants GENERAL INDEX AA Bakery & Café, 102 Angkor Borei, 62, 78 Aqua, 54, 78 asia sf, 61–62, 78 A16, 54, 78–79 Aziza, 68, 79 B44, 57 Biscuits and Blues, 67, 79 Bocadillos, 56, 79 Brainwash Cafe, 74, 79 Brothers Restaurant, 62, 79 Burma Superstar, 63, 79 Cafe Bastille, 57 Cafe Claude, 66, 80 Cafe de la Presse, 72, 80 Cafe Flore, 73, 80 Cafe La Bohème, 74, 80 Cafe Tiramisu, 57 Caffe Greco, 80 Caffe Puccini, 74, 80 Caffe Trieste, 74, 80, 98 Capp’s Corner, 69, 81 Cha Cha Cha, 57, 59, 81 Chez Nous, 55, 81 Chez Panisse, 58–59, 81 Cliff House, 102 Coriya Hot Pot City, 62, 70, 81 Dottie’s True Blue Café, 72, 81 El Nuevo Frutilandia, 61, 70, 71, 82 El Trebol, 61, 70, 82 Enrico’s Sidewalk Cafe, 55, 73, 74, 82 Esperpento, 57, 82 Firecracker, 56, 59, 82 Fleur de Lys, 65–66, 82 Fly Trap Restaurant, 53, 70, 82–83 Forbes Island, 57–58, 83 French Laundry, 66, 83 Fringale, 66, 70, 83 Frjtz Fries, 55, 83 Golden Boy Pizza, 54, 83 Greens, 67–68, 83 Hama-Ko, 64, 84 Harbor Village, 60, 84 Harris’, 53, 70, 84 Hayes Street Grill, 50, 53, 84 Helmand, 69–70, 84 Home Plate, 72, 84 House of Dim Sum, 102 Izzy’s Steaks and Chops, 53, 85 John’s Grill, 53, 85 Kan Zaman, 68, 85 La Rondalla, 61, 70, 85 La Taqueria, 61, 70–71, 85 Little Star Pizza, 54, 85 Los Jarritos, 61, 85 Mario’s Bohemian Cigar Store Cafe, 74, 86 Mecca, 66–67, 86 Millennium, 68, 86 MoMo’s, 55, 86 Moose’s, 55, 86 Muddy Waters Coffee House, 86 Nippon Sushi, 64, 87 Pho Hóa, 63, 87 Plouf, 57 Ramblas Tapas Bar, 56–57, 87 The Ramp, 73 R & G Lounge, 60, 87 Rose Pistola, 68–69, 87 Sacred Grounds Cafe, 74, 87 Saigon Sandwich Shop, 63, 71, 87 Sam Wo, 71, 88 Sanppo, 63, 88 Seal Rock Inn, 72, 88 Sear’s Fine Foods, 71–72, 88 South Park Cafe, 74, 88 Sparky’s Diner, 71, 88 Stella Pastry Cafe, 88 Straits Cafe, 62, 89 Suppenküche, 69, 89 Swan Oyster Depot, 58 Tadich Grill, 52–53, 89 Thanh Long, 63, 89 Thep Phanom, 59, 89 Ti Couz, 54–55, 89 Tommy’s Joynt, 65, 90 Tommy Toy, 60, 90 Tú Lan, 65, 90 We Be Sushi, 56, 64, 90 Yank Sing, 60, 90 SAN FRANCISCO Complete Guides The only guide independent travelers need to make smart choices, avoid rip-offs, get the most for their money, and travel like a pro.

Other cafes I mention are in three areas where you’d expect to find the city’s cafe culture well represented: Hayes Valley, a small, sunny neighborhood perfect for strolling because it comprises only a few blocks along Hayes Street (between Franklin and Buchanan sts.) with an occasional side-street detour; South of Market (SoMa), an industrial neighborhood where artists, architects, multimedia gurus, filmmakers, and musicians live and work in warehouse lofts (below Market St., between Second and Tenth sts.); and the Castro district, San Francisco’s famous gay mecca (mostly south of Market to about 20th St., between Castro and Sanchez sts.). Finally, there are the refuges—cafes that provide escapes from neighborhoods that are often overrun by tourists or other consumption-crazed breeds. The ones mentioned in this chapter are located in the Financial District (Grant Ave. at Sutter St.) and the gentrified section of Fillmore Street (near Steiner St.).


pages: 188 words: 57,229

Frommer's Memorable Walks in San Francisco by Erika Lenkert

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Albert Einstein, Bay Area Rapid Transit, car-free, glass ceiling, Golden Gate Park, Haight Ashbury, South of Market, San Francisco

Mary’s Square, 25 Saints Peter and Paul Church, 52 The Saloon, 57 San Francisco Art Institute, 93 San Francisco Art Institute Café, 93 San Francisco Bay Guardian, 159 San Francisco Chronicle, 12, 167 San Francisco Dental Office, 166 San Francisco Examiner, 167 San Francisco Giants, 113 San Francisco Guide, 167 San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park, 152 San Francisco Municipal Railway (Muni), 160–161, 168 San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (MOMA), 108, 110 San Francisco Visitor Information Center, 158 San Francisco Weekly, 159 The San Loretto Apartments, 80 Sausalito ferry, 164 Scheuer, Suzanne, 62 Sendak, Maurice, 111 Sentinel Building (Columbus Tower), 42–43 Serra, Father Junípero, 124, 125 sculpture, 141 Shakespeare’s Garden, 143–144 Sheraton Palace Hotel, 114 Shreve & Co., 18–19 Sir Francis Drake, doorman at the, 15 Smoking, 168 Somerville, Annie, 153 South of Market (SoMa), 3, 106–114 map of, 109 South Park, 112–113 Specs’ Twelve Adler Museum Café, 48 Spreckels, Adolph, 99 Spreckels, Alma de Bretteville, 99 Spreckels, Claus, 97 Spreckels, John D., Jr., 97 Spreckels Mansion, 99, 132–133 Stackpole, Ralph, 62 Stanford, Leland, 70, 77 Stanford Court Hotel, 77 Starlight Room, 15 Steel, Danielle, 132 The Steelworker (mural), 62 Steinhart Aquarium, 143 Sterling, George, 91–92 Index • 181 Stevenson, Robert Louis, 16 former home of wife of, 92 Stockton Street, 29 Stoddard, Charles Warren, 89–90 Stow Lake, 144–145 Strawberry Hill, 145 Streetcars, 162 Strybing Arboretum and Botanical Gardens, 144 Studio 24, 120 The Summer of Love (Anthony), 131 Sun Yat-sen, statue of, 25 The Surveyor (mural), 62 Swain, Edward R., 96 Sweeny, Tom, 15 Sweet Inspiration, 102 Tales of the City (Maupin), 65–66 Taxes, 168 Taxis, 163 Telegraph Hill, 3, 54–67 history of, 54, 56–57 map of, 55 Ten Ren Tea Co., Ltd., 28 Tharp, Newton J., 90 “The Ballad of the Hyde Street Grip” (Burgess), 86 “The Strip”, 46 Thomas Brothers Maps, 42 Tin How Temple, 31 Tosca Café, 48 Transamerica Building, original, 40 Transamerica Pyramid, 39 Transit information, 168 Transportation, 160–165 Twain, Mark, 89 23rd Street, 123 24th Street, 118 Mission and, 116–118 Union Square, 2, 7–20, 34–35 Van Ness Avenue, 160 Vesuvio, 47–48 Veteran’s Cab, 163 Victorian Home Walk Historical Walking Tour, 172–173 Vidar, Frede, 63 Visitor information, 158–159 Vivande Porta Via, 102 Walgreens, 166 Walk & Wok tour, 171–172 Walker, William “Filibuster”, 41 Walton, William, 70 The Warming Hut, 154 Washerwoman’s Lagoon, 103 Washington Square, 51–52 Waverly Place, 31 Weeks, Charles, 96 Wells Fargo Bank, 20 Westin St.

Better yet, catch either the no. 41 or 45 bus heading due east on Union Street, get off at Columbus Avenue, and continue your exploration of San Francisco with a tour of North Beach. • Walking Tour 8 • South of Market: A Civilized Afternoon of Arts & Leisure Start: Mission Street, between Fourth and Fifth streets. Public Transportation: Bus: 15, 30, or 45; Muni Metro: J, K, L, or M to Montgomery Station. Finish: New Montgomery and Market streets. Time: Half an hour to 5 hours, depending on how many museums you visit. Best Times: Tuesday and Thursday through Saturday from 11am to 5pm. 106 South of Market • 107 Worst Times: Monday, when many of the museums are closed; Wednesday, when the Museum of Modern Art is closed; Sunday; nighttime. Hills That Could Kill: None. A couple of years ago, I noted that South of Market was in the middle of its second coming. Today, it’s straight-up booming.

Manufactured in the United States of America 5 4 3 2 1 Contents List of Maps iv Introducing San Francisco 1 The Walking Tours 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Union Square Past & Present The Culture & Cuisine of Chinatown Noshing Through North Beach The Storied Steps of Telegraph Hill The Haughty Hotels of Nob Hill The Ghosts of Russian Hill The Majestic Homes of Pacific Heights South of Market: A Civilized Afternoon of Arts & Leisure The Culture & Color of the Mission District A Historical Flashback Through Haight-Ashbury Golden Gate Park: Museums, Blooms & Trees from Dunes The Golden Gate 7 21 36 54 68 83 94 106 115 127 136 146 Essentials 158 Guided Walking Tours of San Francisco 169 Index 174 LIST OF MAPS The Tours at a Glance 4 The Walking Tours Union Square Chinatown North Beach Telegraph Hill Nob Hill Russian Hill Pacific Heights South of Market Mission District Haight-Ashbury Golden Gate Park Northern San Francisco 11 23 37 55 69 85 95 109 117 129 139 149 About the Author A native San Franciscan, Erika Lenkert writes food, travel, and lifestyle articles for San Francisco Magazine, Wine Country Living, and Four Seasons.


pages: 314 words: 106,575

Black Fire: The True Story of the Original Tom Sawyer--And of the Mysterious Fires That Baptized Gold Rush-Era San Francisco by Robert Graysmith

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California gold rush, profit motive, South of Market, San Francisco

The day the price of four thousand pounds of chewing tobacco dropped to three cents per pound, the owners buried fifty large casks. The next week tobacco was valuable again. One landfill consisted of two shiploads of Spanish brandy dumped over two acres of waterfront ground. South of Market, bounded by Folsom and Mission and Fourth and Tenth streets, was a quicksand bog that sucked anyone crossing out of sight. Each spring the city did maintenance on the single road to the cemetery that cost $15 per square inch. Because the city was flat busted, all the roads remained quagmires and a hazard for the volunteers and their torch boys. Here and there nestled a small refuge, but immense dunes still covered much of San Francisco. The town’s hills had always presented a predicament. No level ground existed beyond the narrow crescent rim forming the beach. The shore itself was a coastal desert of windblown sand, bare tawny hills, and formidable granite mountains.

The Sydney Town Ducks were deadly, but ducks lay eggs and those eggs eventually hatch into ducklings potentially more lethal. Since these children had grown up in the atmosphere of their parents’ depravity, they began to rob and pillage on their own as soon as they left the nest. Known as the Tarflat Hoodlums, they roved south of Market and over most of unhappy Happy Valley, waylaying, beating, and robbing anyone they met. In their black coats, blue spring-bottom trousers, and buff-colored felt hats, they treated mothers and their little girls no better than men and boys. When an officer intervened, the Tarflatters beat him nearly to death. The call of gold had drawn the most reckless young men to San Francisco: the best artists, intellectuals, farmers, merchants, and clerks. It also attracted the worst: cutthroats, ex-convicts, profiteers, pirates, traders, deserters, renegades, crooked politicians, and the Lightkeeper.

Gilbert, the feisty duel-challenging editor, boarded there, too. Over dinner he discussed the arsonist. A blaze had broken out on the deck of the Tennessee on their way up the California coast and had terrified Lillie. That night she awoke screaming of fire. As San Francisco rebuilt, the little girl rode horseback along the muddied streets, went “fishing for rats” under the raised sidewalks, trotted her donkey cart around Mac-Condray’s grounds, or watched the many daylight fires that volunteers promptly extinguished. One day a bullet whizzed by her head while she was walking in the dunes south of Market. Instead of turning and running, she rushed up the hill to locate the origin of the shot. The Hitchcocks swiftly adopted the role of well-to-do aristocrats and Martha became her old grand-mannered self. The arsonist was rarely spoken of, though she wondered whether his motives were anything like her own.


pages: 394 words: 108,215

What the Dormouse Said: How the Sixties Counterculture Shaped the Personal Computer Industry by John Markoff

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Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, Apple II, back-to-the-land, Bill Duvall, Bill Gates: Altair 8800, Buckminster Fuller, California gold rush, card file, computer age, computer vision, conceptual framework, cuban missile crisis, Douglas Engelbart, Dynabook, El Camino Real, general-purpose programming language, Golden Gate Park, Hacker Ethic, hypertext link, informal economy, information retrieval, invention of the printing press, Jeff Rulifson, John Nash: game theory, John von Neumann, Kevin Kelly, knowledge worker, Mahatma Gandhi, Menlo Park, Mother of all demos, Norbert Wiener, packet switching, Paul Terrell, popular electronics, QWERTY keyboard, RAND corporation, RFC: Request For Comment, Richard Stallman, Robert X Cringely, Sand Hill Road, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, South of Market, San Francisco, speech recognition, Steve Crocker, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, Thorstein Veblen, Turing test, union organizing, Vannevar Bush, Whole Earth Catalog, William Shockley: the traitorous eight

Word of the strange conclusion to the Demise Party spread quickly. After several newspaper accounts appeared, Moore was besieged with financial requests both by phone and mail. And like Frodo’s ring, the money wouldn’t stay in the ground. Despite his views on the institutions that controlled money, Moore was soon forcibly turned into a “people’s banker” when a small group of San Francisco activists who were engaged in building a collective in a warehouse in a tattered neighborhood south of Market Street heard about the windfall. Project One was a single site that encompassed a diverse set of community political projects, ranging from education to organizing to theater to one of the first community time-sharing computer efforts, which was called Resource One and had become the final resting place for Doug Engelbart’s SDS-940. Pam Hart, a charismatic Berkeley computer-science graduate student and activist who had been one of its cofounders, had talked the Transamerica Leasing Corporation into donating the machine.

Where previously his computing skills had seemed without purpose, he now connected computing to his politics within a hippie culture. Franklin eventually coauthored What to Do After You Hit Return with Albrecht, an introduction to programming games in BASIC that soon became a hot seller. Another of the potluck regulars was Lee Felsenstein, who would arrive each Wednesday evening by train from San Francisco, where he was tending an SRI mainframe computer that had been donated by the Transamerica Leasing Corporation to Project One community activists who had taken over a warehouse in the city’s South-of-Market district. For Felsenstein, the PCC was a glimpse of the future, as forecast by Nelson and Albrecht. A veteran of the Berkeley Free Speech Movement whose career had already run the gamut from being a junior engineer at Ampex to working on the editorial collective of the Berkeley Barb, Felsenstein, like Lenny Siegel at Stanford, was an antiwar activist who was not anti-technology.

But on December 4, 1965, something happened on the Midpeninsula that shook the whole culture. That evening, the Rolling Stones were playing at the Cow Palace in south San Francisco, and author Ken Kesey suggested to a young guitarist named Jerry Garcia that he bring his band to Big Nig’s, a club in San Jose, to play at one of the early Acid Tests. The Acid Tests turned out to be something else again, extending the impact of the drug a thousandfold, involving electric instruments and light shows and copious amounts of LSD. The Acid Tests—which were also held at Muir Beach; Palo Alto; Portland, Oregon, and elsewhere—culminated early the following year in San Francisco with Stewart Brand’s Trips Festival. That gave rise to the Grateful Dead and helped create the San Francisco music scene, which in turn contributed to the creation of a national counterculture. The counterculture converged with the growing tumult of political unrest that was escalating on campuses in the wake of the Free Speech Movement.


pages: 482 words: 147,281

A Crack in the Edge of the World: America and the Great California Earthquake of 1906 by Simon Winchester

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Albert Einstein, butterfly effect, California gold rush, Golden Gate Park, index card, indoor plumbing, Loma Prieta earthquake, Menlo Park, place-making, risk tolerance, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, supervolcano, The Chicago School, transcontinental railway, wage slave, Works Progress Administration

The Earth Shook, the Sky Burned. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1986 Brook, James, Chris Carlsson, and Nancy J. Peters (eds.). Reclaiming San Francisco: History, Politics, Culture. San Francisco: City Lights Books, 1998 Butler, Jon, Grant Wacker, and Randall Balmer. Religion in American Life: A Short History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002 Caen, Herb. The San Francisco Book. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1948 —and Dong Kingman. San Francisco: City on Golden Hills. New York: Doubleday, 1967 Caughey, John Walton. California. 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1953 Chang, Iris. The Chinese in America. New York: Viking Penguin, 2003 Chase, Marilyn. The Barbary Plague: The Black Death in Victorian San Francisco. New York: Random House, 2003 Chen, Young. Chinese San Francisco 1850–1943. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2000 Clarke, Thurston.

Guilford, CT: The Lyons Press, 2003 Jenkins, Olaf P. (ed.). Geologic Guidebook of the San Francisco Bay Counties. San Francisco: Department of Natural Resources Division of Mines, 1951 Kahn, Edgar M. Cable Car Days in San Francisco. Oakland: The Friends of the San Francisco Public Library, 1976 Kemble, John Haskell. San Francisco Bay: A Pictorial Maritime History. New York: Cornell Maritime Press, 1957 Knox, Ray, and David Stewart. The New Madrid Fault Finders Guide. Marble Hill, MO: Gutenberg-Richter Publications, 1995 Konigsmark, Ted. Geologic Trips: San Francisco and the Bay Area. Gualala, CA: GeoPress, 1998 Kovach, Robert L. Early Earthquakes of the Americas. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004 Kurzman, Dan. Disaster! The Great San Francisco Earthquake and Fire of 1906. New York: HarperCollins, 2001 Leach, Frank A.

Readers would thus be well advised to choose rather carefully, and to bear in mind that, in the light of the peculiarly flexible and liberal flamboyance that has long been associated with literary San Francisco and its most notable tragedy, one piece of advice rules: caveat lector. Bibliography Aidala, Thomas. The Great Houses of San Francisco. New York: Arch Cape Press, 1987 Allen, Terence Beckington. San Francisco Coroner’s Office: A History 1850–1980. San Francisco: Redactors’ Press, 1999 Asbury, Herbert. The Barbary Coast. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1933 Bailey, Janet. The Great San Francisco Trivia and Fact Book. Nashville: Cumberland House, 1999 Bain, David Howard. Empire Express: Building the First Transcontinental Railroad. New York: Viking Penguin, 1999 Bally, Albert W., and Allison R. Palmer (eds.). The Geology of North America: An Overview. Boulder: Geological Society of America, 1989 Bancroft, Hubert Howe. Some Cities and San Francisco. New York: Bancroft, 1907 Barker, Malcolm E.


pages: 200 words: 60,314

Beer Money: A Memoir of Privilege and Loss by Frances Stroh

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cognitive dissonance, Golden Gate Park, Kickstarter, new economy, nuclear winter, South of Market, San Francisco, urban renewal

Everything was happening on a continuum, I saw, and I allowed myself to believe that night that maybe I would be next, that perhaps a bit of magic dust had floated my way, off the stiff shoulders of these two old men. I still had the signed copy of Ginsberg’s Collected Poems on my bookshelf in the Haight. It had survived the ’89 quake, when my bookshelf toppled over, crashing into my dresser, sending my books in every direction. Ginsberg had signed the book, his childish inscription the only evidence that still remained of my evening with the Beats. San Francisco Camerawork Gallery was located just south of Market Street in a former warehouse boasting floor-to-ceiling windows, creaky hardwood floors, and a freight elevator that could carry a crowd, twenty at a time, two floors up to the opening reception. I’d spent nearly twenty-four hours installing my piece, breaking for a short nap on the gallery couch sometime before dawn, and afterward heading to the airport to retrieve my parents.

They discussed the Lemur Center at Duke—one of the reasons Burroughs had desired to make the trip to Durham. He was a big fan, apparently, of lemurs. When the salads arrived, Ginsberg praised the restaurant’s tofu-tahini dressing. I seized my chance to join the conversation. “I know. I’ll miss this dressing when I’m in San Francisco,” I told him. “Ah, San Francisco,” said Ginsberg with an ironic little twirl of his salad fork. “And what ’ill you be doing there?” “I’m going to be an artist.” Nodding vaguely, he encouraged me to spend time at the San Francisco Art Institute. “It’s a wonderful place,” he said. “I taught a writing workshop there once.” After dinner we all drove to an auditorium on campus where Ginsberg would read. My friends and I sat on the edge of the stage, drinking red wine from the bottle, as the beatniks had once done at Ginsberg’s quixotic first reading of “Howl” in North Beach.

When I’d called about coming down to Dallas to film him, he was full of enthusiasm. “I love my family,” he gushed. “You know? I really miss everyone.” My work had been selected as part of a group exhibition at San Francisco Camerawork Gallery entitled The Family Seen. Video screens of my family members talking would play in a darkened room simultaneously. We’d all met in Dallas for a couple of days so I could shoot the interviews—the only time the four of us had ever met outside a family occasion. Whitney had come all the way from Missoula, where he was a senior at the University of Montana. I had come from San Francisco, where I lived and worked as an artist. Bobby and Charlie lived near each other in Dallas but hardly saw each other. I liked to think that art had brought us back together. “Hold on a second,” said Charlie.


pages: 263 words: 61,784

Patricia Unterman's San Francisco Food Lover's Pocket Guide by Patricia Unterman, Ed Anderson

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Golden Gate Park, New Urbanism, place-making, South of Market, San Francisco

eISBN: 978-0-307-78410-0 v3.1 CONTENTS Cover Title Page Copyright Introduction THE NEIGHBORHOODS Chinatown Civic Center & Hayes Valley Embarcadero & Fisherman’s Wharf Financial District & Union Square Lower and Upper Haight & Cole Valley The Marina & Cow Hollow The Mission, Bernal Heights & the Excelsior Noe Valley, the Castro, Diamond Heights, Upper Market & Glen Park North Beach Pacific Heights & Japantown Polk Street, Nob Hill, Russian Hill & Van Ness Avenue The Richmond South of Market, Third Street & Potrero Hill The Sunset OUT OF TOWN The East Bay Marin County Wine Country INTRODUCTION The San Francisco Food Lover’s Guide was written both for visitors and for residents who want to explore the culinary landscape of their own city. The new pocket edition, fully updated, with shortened entries and a convenient size for purse, glove compartment, or backpack, means that my comprehensive and opinionated restaurant and food guide can always be handy. For over three decades, I have been developing my sense of taste as a restaurant critic (at the San Francisco Chronicle and the San Francisco Examiner), and as a cook both at home and in San Francisco at the Hayes Street Grill, which I own with my partner of thirty years, Richard Sander.

.; Credit cards: AE, MC, V In an unlikely spot on the edge of Healdsburg, a funky, cool, cement-floored wine and liquor store offers a surprisingly diverse selection of spirits and wines from everywhere. UNTERMAN ON FOOD Keep your San Francisco Food Lover’s Pocket Guide up to the minute! Subscribe to Unterman on Food, a newsletter dedicated to contemporary eating in and around San Francisco, written by restaurant critic and food writer Patricia Unterman. Each issue includes reviews of new restaurants and old favorites, plus recipes and articles on what to look for in markets and culinary travel. Unterman on Food is published six times a year. “Lively, comprehensive, indispensable for people who love good food.” —ALICE WATERS “I trust Unterman’s palate. She loves the authentic.” —PAULA WOLFERT To subscribe, send a check for $32, payable to Patricia Unterman, c/o Hayes Street Grill, 320 Hayes Street, San Francisco, CA 94102. For more information, visit www.hayesstreetgrill.com/uof-newsletter.html

The best, no matter what their ethnic origins, prepare or import foods that are difficult to make at home, even if you had the time. Delicatessens also sell food to eat on the spot, though usually there are no places in the stores to sit. BAKERIES/PASTRIES The Bay Area is now the undisputed American, and arguably the world, capital of artisanal bread. Of course, San Francisco has a long tradition of bread making, started during the gold rush with our unique sourdough. Few artifacts represent San Francisco to the world as vividly as a crusty, chewy loaf of sourdough bread. However, with the rise of Acme Bread in 1983, Berkeley became the epicenter for high-quality levain and a range of other superb organic breads, albeit on a much smaller scale. Its success set off a renaissance of artisanal bakers. ICE CREAM/CHOCOLATES The old-fashioned American ice cream parlor is all but gone, but new wave frozen-yogurt shops and European-style ice cream shops have taken its place, especially in the East Bay, with products that rival Berthillon in Paris or Vivoli in Florence.


pages: 265 words: 69,310

What's Yours Is Mine: Against the Sharing Economy by Tom Slee

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4chan, Airbnb, Amazon Mechanical Turk, asset-backed security, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, big-box store, bitcoin, blockchain, citizen journalism, collaborative consumption, congestion charging, Credit Default Swap, crowdsourcing, data acquisition, David Brooks, don't be evil, gig economy, Hacker Ethic, income inequality, informal economy, invisible hand, Jacob Appelbaum, Jane Jacobs, Jeff Bezos, Khan Academy, Kibera, Kickstarter, license plate recognition, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, move fast and break things, natural language processing, Netflix Prize, Network effects, new economy, Occupy movement, openstreetmap, Paul Graham, peer-to-peer lending, Peter Thiel, pre–internet, principal–agent problem, profit motive, race to the bottom, Ray Kurzweil, recommendation engine, rent control, ride hailing / ride sharing, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Snapchat, software is eating the world, South of Market, San Francisco, TaskRabbit, The Nature of the Firm, Thomas L Friedman, transportation-network company, Uber and Lyft, Uber for X, ultimatum game, urban planning, WikiLeaks, winner-take-all economy, Y Combinator, Zipcar

., house in November for three flavors of macaroni and cheese: garlic-crusted, goat cheese tomato, and curried. Ms. Lichaa, 32 years old, advertised seats for the “mac attack” on a site called EatFeastly.com for $19.80 each.2 And here is Wired magazine, in the same vein: In about 40 minutes, Cindy Manit will let a complete stranger into her car. An app on her windshield-mounted iPhone will summon her to a corner in San Francisco’s South of Market neighborhood, where a russet-haired woman in an orange raincoat and coffee-colored boots will slip into the front seat of her immaculate 2006 Mazda3 hatchback and ask for a ride to the airport.3 Peers is only one lens through which to view the makeup of the Sharing Economy. In 2013 Rachel Botsman presented a classification of Sharing Economy services,4 and in a 2015 report, consultant Jeremiah Owyang presented his own profile.5 In addition to the examples given above, Botsman and Owyang each highlight some sectors that are less well-represented among the Peers membership.

Taxi earnings and employment models vary greatly from city to city, but comparing Uber’s estimates to taxi reports from Los Angeles, San Diego, and Toronto shows that Uber’s 20% cut of the fare, plus its $1 “safety fee” was about the same as that taken by medallion owners; there was no magic there after all.46 Payments for gas, maintenance, car depreciation, and insurance together with additional expenses (tolls, parking) accounted for about half of each dollar of taxi fare, which would take the earnings down to more like $45,000 in New York and $37,000 in San Francisco. Uber did not choose New York City and San Francisco at random for their report: the company selected these two cities because that’s where Uber drivers earn the most. A later report47 showed that New York City earnings were 50% more than those in any other city except for San Francisco, which was comfortably in second place, so in many cities the earnings would come to about $30,000, which is the average for a taxi driver. Once additional expenses are accounted for, the “astounding” gap between Uber earnings and taxi earnings vanished.

The Guardian, December 15, 2014. http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/dec/15/uber-offers-free-rides-after-backlash-over-surge-pricing-during-sydney-siege. Crunchbase. “TaskRabbit.” CrunchBase. Accessed June 19, 2015. https://www .crunchbase.com/organization/taskrabbit. Cushing, Ellen. “Uber Employees Warned a San Francisco Magazine Writer That Executives Might Snoop on Her.” Accessed May 23, 2015. http://www.modernluxury.com/san-francisco/story/uber-employees-warned-san-francisco-magazine-writer-executives-might-snoop-her. Dale, Daniel. “Council Votes to Overhaul Toronto Taxi Industry.” The Toronto Star, February 19, 2014. http://www.thestar.com/news/city_hall/2014/02/19/council_votes_to_overhaul_toronto_taxi_industry.html. Davies, Evan. “Digital Marketplaces.” The Bottom Line, with Evan Davies.


pages: 361 words: 81,068

The Internet Is Not the Answer by Andrew Keen

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3D printing, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, Airbnb, AltaVista, Andrew Keen, augmented reality, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, bitcoin, Black Swan, Burning Man, Cass Sunstein, citizen journalism, Clayton Christensen, clean water, cloud computing, collective bargaining, Colonization of Mars, computer age, connected car, cuban missile crisis, David Brooks, disintermediation, Downton Abbey, Edward Snowden, Elon Musk, Erik Brynjolfsson, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Filter Bubble, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Frank Gehry, Frederick Winslow Taylor, frictionless, full employment, future of work, gig economy, global village, Google bus, Google Glasses, Hacker Ethic, happiness index / gross national happiness, income inequality, index card, informal economy, information trail, Innovator's Dilemma, Internet of things, Isaac Newton, Jaron Lanier, Jeff Bezos, job automation, Joseph Schumpeter, Julian Assange, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, Kodak vs Instagram, Lean Startup, libertarian paternalism, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, Marshall McLuhan, Martin Wolf, move fast and break things, Nate Silver, Network effects, new economy, Nicholas Carr, nonsequential writing, Norbert Wiener, Occupy movement, packet switching, PageRank, Paul Graham, Peter Thiel, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Potemkin village, precariat, pre–internet, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, ride hailing / ride sharing, Second Machine Age, self-driving car, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Skype, smart cities, Snapchat, social web, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, TaskRabbit, Ted Nelson, telemarketer, the medium is the message, Thomas L Friedman, Tyler Cowen: Great Stagnation, Uber for X, urban planning, Vannevar Bush, Whole Earth Catalog, WikiLeaks, winner-take-all economy, working poor, Y Combinator

WE SHAPE OUR BUILDINGS; THEREAFTER THEY SHAPE US, they said. Outside, a cold fog had drifted in from the Bay. It felt good to be back in the anonymous city—that reassuring place of self-erasure and self-invention. I shivered and, dodging a couple of networked Uber limousines, hailed a licensed yellow cab. “So what’s that new club like?” the driver asked me as we sped off down Battery Street toward San Francisco’s South of Market (SoMa) district, where the new offices of Internet companies like Twitter, Yelp, and Instagram are destroying local businesses. “It’s a failure,” I replied. “An epic fucking failure.” ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Sometimes one gets lucky. In March 2013, at Julia Hobsbawm’s Names Not Numbers conference in the delightful little town of Adeburgh on the Suffolk coast, I had the great fortune to meet the Atlantic Books CEO Toby Munday.

,” Letters to the Editor, Wall Street Journal, January 24, 2014. 34 Nick Wingfield, “Seattle Gets Its Own Tech Bus Protest,” New York Times, February 10, 2014. 35 Packer, “Change the World.” 36 Ibid. 37 Guynn, “San Francisco Split by Silicon Valley’s Wealth.” 38 Stephanie Gleason and Rachel Feintzeig, “Startups Are Quick to Fire,” New York Times, December 12, 2013. 39 See, for example, Eric Ries, The Lean Startup: How Today’s Entrepreneurs Use Continuous Innovation to Create Radically Successful Businesses (New York: Crown, 2011). 40 Quentin Hardy, “Technology Workers Are Young (Really Young),” New York Times, July 5, 2013. 41 Vivek Wadhwa, “A Code Name for Sexism and Racism,” Wall Street Journal, October 7, 2013. 42 Jon Terbush, “The Tech Industry’s Sexism Problem Is Only Getting Worse,” The Week, September 12, 2013. 43 Jessica Guynn, “Sexism a Problem in Silicon Valley, Critics Say,” Los Angeles Times, October 24, 2013. 44 Terbush, “The Tech Industry’s Sexism Problem Is Only Getting Worse.” 45 Elissa Shevinsky, “That’s It—I’m Finished Defending Sexism in Tech,” Business Insider, September 9, 2013. 46 Max Taves, “Bias Claims Surge Against Tech Industry,” Recorder, August 16, 2013. 47 Colleen Taylor, “Key Details of the Kleiner Perkins Gender Discrimination Lawsuit,” TechCrunch, May 22, 2012. 48 Alan Berube, “All Cities Are Not Created Unequal,” Brookings Institution, February 20, 2014. 49 Timothy Egan, “Dystopia by the Bay,” New York Times, December 5, 2013. 50 Marissa Lagos, “San Francisco Evictions Surge, Reports Find,” San Francisco Chronicle, November 5, 2013. 51 Carolyn Said, “Airbnb Profits Prompted S.F. Eviction, Ex-Tenant Says,” San Francisco Chronicle, January 22, 2014. 52 Ibid. 53 Casy Miner, “In a Divided San Francisco, Private Tech Buses Drive Tension,” NPR.org, December 17, 2013. 54 Andrew Gumbel, “San Francisco’s Guerrilla Protest at Google Buses Wells into Revolt,” Observer, January 25, 2014. 55 Carmel DeAmicis, “BREAKING: Protesters Attack Google Bus in West Oakland,” Pando Daily, December 20, 2013. 56 Robin Wilkey, “Peter Shih ‘10 Things I Hate About You’ Post Draws San Francisco’s Ire, Confirms Startup Stereotypes,” Huffington Post, August 16, 2013. 57 Jose Fitzgerald, “Real Tech Worker Says SF Homeless ‘Grotesque,’ ‘Degenerate,’ ‘Trash,’” San Francisco Bay Guardian, December 11, 2013. 58 Yasha Levine, “Occupy Wall Street Leader Now Works for Google, Wants to Crowdfund a Private Militia,” Pando Daily, February 7, 2014. 59 J.

The club opened in October 2013 with an exclusive list of founding members that reads like a who’s who of what Vanity Fair calls the “New Establishment,” including the CEO of Instagram, Kevin Systrom; former Facebook president Sean Parker; and the serial Internet entrepreneur Trevor Traina, the owner of the most expensive house in San Francisco, a $35 million mansion on “Billionaire’s Row.”8 It’s all too easy, of course, to ridicule the Birches’ unclub and their failed social experiment in downtown San Francisco. But unfortunately, it isn’t all that funny. “The bigger issue at hand,” as the New Yorker’s Anisse Gross reminds us about the Battery, is that “San Francisco itself is turning into a private, exclusive club”9 for wealthy entrepreneurs and venture capitalists. Like its secret poker room, the Battery is a private, exclusive club within a private, exclusive club. It encapsulates what the New York Times’ Timothy Egan describes as the “dystopia by the Bay”—a San Francisco that is “a one-dimensional town for the 1 percent” and “an allegory of how the rich have changed America for the worse.”10 The Birches’ one-dimensional club is a 58,000-square-foot allegory for the increasingly sharp economic inequities in San Francisco.


pages: 404 words: 118,759

The Bohemians: Mark Twain and the San Francisco Writers Who Reinvented American Literature by Ben Tarnoff

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California gold rush, interchangeable parts, Maui Hawaii, new economy, New Journalism, Plutocrats, plutocrats, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, South of Market, San Francisco, South Sea Bubble, transcontinental railway, traveling salesman

People from other parts of the country washed up on its shores looking for work, swelling the ranks of the poor. By 1877, San Francisco’s unemployment rate was as high as 25 percent. Stoddard’s parents lived south of Market Street, a sprawling neighborhood that bore the brunt of the bad economy. Among its flophouses and slums, jobs were scarce and crime was commonplace. “Bankruptcy, suicide and murder and robberies were the order of the day,” recalled one workingman. The city’s literary fortunes had undergone an equally steep decline. The last remnants of the Bohemian scene had vanished. The Overland Monthly finally closed its doors in 1875. A group called the Bohemian Club, started in 1872, had briefly offered hope of keeping San Francisco’s creative energies alive. It grew out of a Sunday salon hosted by James F. Bowman, a friend of Harte and the rest of the old set, and became a society for writers and journalists.

., 3–4, 5, 16–17, 21, 27, 39, 50–51, 55–57, 63–64, 83–84, 185, 245, 251 bachelor life in, 55 Civil War and, 18–19, 55, 63–64 Coolbrith’s arrival in, 35–36 earthquake in, 159, 160–61, 190 economy of, 186 Harte’s arrival in, 26, 192 Harte’s departure from, 192–93, 197–98 Lick House in, 10, 41, 46, 60 Lincoln’s death and, 94 Montgomery Street in, 76 newspapers in, 17, 26, 55, 77 railroads and, 149–50, 154, 162–63, 165–66, 186 Stoddard’s arrival in, 38–39 Sydney-Town, 39 Telegraph Hill, xii, 43 Twain’s departure from, 133 Twain’s visits and move to, 2–4, 9–11, 17, 45–46, 71–72, 75, 77, 85, 87–88 San Francisco Alta California, see Alta California San Francisco Call, 244 San Francisco Chronicle, 215, 216, 229, 238, 250 San Francisco Dramatic Chronicle, 111, 118–19, 132, 154 San Francisco Evening Bulletin, 169 San Francisco Examiner, 104 San Francisco Morning Call, 17, 41, 45, 46, 72, 84, 85–88, 89–90, 104, 111, 112, 127, 153 San Francisco News Letter and Commercial Advertiser, 184 San Francisco Police Department, 104, 111 San Francisco Youths’ Companion, 111 Sanitary Commission, 68–70, 132 Sappho, 32 Saturday Club, 199–200 Saturday Press, 54, 65 Scott, Winfield, 1 Scribner’s, 201 Sellers, Isaiah, 12 Sewall, G. T., 16 Sherman, William Tecumseh, 93, 141–42, 184 slavery, 69, 239–40 Smith, Joseph, 32–33 Society of California Pioneers, 171 “South-Sea Idyl, A” (Stoddard), 182–83 South-Sea Idyls (Stoddard), 214–15, 249, 251 Springfield Republican, 130, 158 Stanford, Leland, 186 steam power, 13 Stegner, Wallace, 57 Stoddard, Charles Warren, 4, 36–40, 43, 46, 54–55, 91–93, 97, 116, 118, 123–24, 136–37, 142–46, 148, 163, 181–85, 191, 214–16, 249–52, 255, 256 arrival in San Francisco, 38–39 autograph album of, 48–49, 123 Bierce and, 184 at Brayton Academy, 47–48, 49–50, 84–85, 92, 122 Californian and, 84, 93 Catholicism of, 143–44, 169, 184 character of, 37–38 at City College, 40 Coolbrith and, 64–65, 122–24, 144–46, 169–70, 184, 213–16, 252–54 death of, 254 famous writers contacted by, 123–24 Golden Era and, 39–40, 41, 47, 48, 64 at grandfather’s farm in New York, 39 Harte and, 48–49, 97, 124, 137, 146, 147, 150, 155–56, 169, 181–83, 189, 191, 212, 214 Harte compared with, 37, 38 in Hawaii, 4, 85, 91–93, 124, 143, 169–70, 182, 214 homosexuality of, 4, 38, 144, 182 Howells and, 214–16 Kane-Aloha and, 92 King and, 37, 40, 47, 48, 67 Menken and, 51–52, 53, 54, 183 Overland Monthly and, 155–56, 169 Perry and, 92 Pip Pepperpod pen name of, 36, 37, 40, 47, 93 Poems, 136–37, 142–43, 144, 146–48, 182 “A Prodigal in Tahiti,” 214 singing of, 192 “A South-Sea Idyl,” 182–83 South-Sea Idyls, 214–15, 249, 251 theatrical debut of, 144–45 Twain and, 124, 127, 128, 133, 137, 181, 216, 250 as Twain’s secretary, 229–32, 234–36, 235, 250 Webb and, 51 Whitman and, 38, 182, 183, 192, 215 Stoddard, Ned, 39 Stoker, Dick, 100 Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 204 subscription publishing, 177, 180, 207 Suez Canal, 186 Sydney-Town, 39 telegraph, 120 Telegraph Hill, San Francisco, xii, 43 Tennyson, Alfred, 123 Territorial Enterprise, see Virginia City Territorial Enterprise Thoreau, Henry David, 2, 59, 95, 201 transatlantic travel, 177 Trollope, Anthony, 123, 223 “True Story, Repeated Word for Word as I Heard It, A” (Twain), 239, 240 Twain, Mark, 2, 5, 8, 9–16, 21, 23, 24, 27, 28, 33, 38, 40–41, 43, 45–47, 55, 60–61, 68–72, 74, 85–91, 99, 100–105, 110–17, 124–33, 145, 151–55, 163, 168, 173–81, 188, 191, 197, 203–9, 215, 216–19, 226, 227–37, 249, 255–56 Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, 115, 234, 236 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, 28–29, 234, 236 Ah Sin, 241–46 birth of, 2, 11–12 “A Bloody Massacre near Carson,” 61–62, 68, 72 on Book of Mormon, 32 in Buffalo, 203–4 at Buffalo Express, 179, 203 at cabin on Jackass Hill, 91, 99, 100–102, 108 on California, 133 Californian and, 89, 90–91, 93, 101, 103, 104–5, 111, 113, 138 Carleton and, 138–39, 142, 146 The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, And Other Sketches, 139–40, 142, 146, 151, 175 childhood memories of, 232–34 Coolbrith and, 82 death of, 254 desert described by, 56 in Elmira, 205–6, 208 in England, 222–24, 227–32, 234 fame of, 216–17 The Gilded Age, 228–29, 233, 234, 240 Gillis and, 71, 86, 90, 91, 103, 131, 132 Golden Era and, 41, 46–47, 60, 64, 72, 89 Harte and, 60, 88–89, 97, 102–3, 104, 114, 117, 120–21, 124, 127, 128, 130–33, 139, 140, 142, 148, 151, 153–55, 167, 173–74, 179–81, 189, 193, 197, 203, 204, 206–9, 212, 216–17, 220–22, 238, 240–44, 246–48 in Hartford, 204–5, 208, 236 in Hawaii, 124–27 hoaxes of, 15–16, 61–62, 68–70, 72, 85–86, 87, 104, 132 Hornet sinking and, 125–26 Howells and, 217–20, 233, 236, 239–41, 244, 246–47, 256 The Innocents Abroad, 125, 174–75, 176–79, 184, 197, 201, 203, 204, 206–9, 217, 222, 228 “Jim Smiley and His Jumping Frog,” 101–2, 103–4, 105, 110–11, 113–15, 117, 121, 126, 130, 138, 139, 167, 178, 218, 239 Laird and, 71, 72 lecture notes of, 235 lectures of, 126–33, 129, 140–41, 153, 154–55, 178, 227, 229–31, 234 letter to brother Orion from, 112–13 on Menken, 53 miners and, 101–2, 103 miscegenation story of, 69–70, 72, 85–86, 104, 132 money problems of, 111, 113, 132 morality of, 104 Morning Call and, 17, 41, 45, 46, 85–88, 89–90, 104, 111, 112, 127, 153 in Nevada, 10, 11, 14–16, 17, 68–72, 74 “Old Times on the Mississippi,” 240, 250 pen name of, 12, 42, 47 personality of, 9 “Petrified Man” story of, 15–16 Quaker City correspondence of, 151–55 Quaker City voyage of, 141–42, 151, 175, 177 return to New York, 133, 135–36 Roughing It, 111–12, 180, 189, 203–8, 217, 219, 222, 228, 231 San Francisco Police Department and, 104, 111 San Francisco visits and move, 2–4, 9–11, 17, 45–46, 71–72, 75, 77, 85, 87–88 schooling of, 50 son’s death and, 220–21 speaking manner of, 9 Stoddard and, 124, 127, 128, 133, 137, 181, 216, 250 Stoddard as secretary of, 229–32, 234–36, 235, 250 subscription publishing and, 177, 180, 207 suicide attempt of, 112 Territorial Enterprise and, 11, 14–16, 41, 53, 61–62, 68–72, 86–87, 104, 111, 124–25, 131, 138 “A True Story, Repeated Word for Word as I Heard It,” 239, 240 as typesetter, 12, 13 “An Unbiased Criticism,” 103 Ward and, 75 Webb and, 51, 105, 137–40, 142 “Whereas,” 90–91 Tweed, Boss, 228 Two Men of Sandy Bar (Harte), 240–41 Two Years Before the Mast (Dana), 210 “Unbiased Criticism, An” (Twain), 103 Uniontown, Calif., 24–26 Vietnam War, 1 Virginia City, Nev., 15–16, 44, 45, 62, 68 Twain’s homecoming in, 131–32 Virginia City Daily Union, 69–70, 71 Virginia City Evening Bulletin, 61, 127–28, 129 Virginia City Territorial Enterprise, 11, 14–16, 17, 41, 53, 68, 70, 71, 74–75, 86–87, 104, 111, 124–25, 131, 138, 205 Harte and, 119 Stoddard and, 123 Twain’s “A Bloody Massacre near Carson” in, 61–62, 68, 72 Twain’s miscegenation hoax piece in, 69–70, 72, 85–86, 104, 132 Waddy, Frederick, 226 Ward, Artemus, 72–75, 78, 82, 86, 95, 103, 110–11, 113, 116, 126, 131, 138, 223 Twain and, 75 Warner, Charles Dudley, 204, 228 Washington, George, 177 Webb, Charles Henry, 51, 65–66 Californian and, 78, 80, 84, 89, 93, 122 Coolbrith and, 80–81, 82 Golden Era and, 51, 63, 65, 78, 80 New York return of, 122, 137–38 Twain and, 51, 105, 137–40, 142 West, 1–2, 4, 5, 13, 73–74, 109, 178, 179, 185 beliefs about, 57 see also frontier Western Union, 12 “What the Railroad Will Bring Us” (George), 162–63, 186 “Whereas” (Twain), 90–91 Whitman, Walt, 4, 22, 24, 42, 113 Leaves of Grass, 38, 54 Menken and, 54 “Pioneers!

Norton, 2011), pp. 17–22, and David Haward Bain, Empire Express: Building the First Transcontinental Railroad (New York: Penguin, 2000 [1999]), pp. 3–118. Messianic rhetoric and anticipation: William Deverell, “Redemptive California? Re-thinking the Post–Civil War,” Rethinking History 11.1 (March 2007), pp. 65–66. Any citizen July 4 festivities: San Francisco Evening Bulletin, July 6, 1863. The news from First news of Gettysburg in SF: San Francisco Evening Bulletin, July 6, 1863. First news of Vicksburg in San Francisco: San Francisco Bulletin, July 7, 1863. Growing exhaustion with the war: SFLF, pp. 108–109. Bad turnout and 35 cases of public drunkenness: San Francisco Evening Bulletin, July 6, 1863. King knew how King at the Metropolitan: ibid. King: Kevin Starr, Americans and the California Dream, 1850–1915 (Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1986 [1973]), pp. 99–105. California politics during the Civil War: Gerald Stanley, “Civil War Politics in California,” Southern California Quarterly 64.2 (Summer 1982), pp. 115–132; Benjamin Franklin Gilbert, “California and the Civil War: A Bibliographical Essay,” California Historical Society Quarterly 40.4 (Dec. 1961), pp. 291–293; and Steven M.


pages: 284 words: 92,688

Disrupted: My Misadventure in the Start-Up Bubble by Dan Lyons

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Airbnb, Bernie Madoff, bitcoin, call centre, cleantech, cloud computing, corporate governance, dumpster diving, fear of failure, Filter Bubble, Golden Gate Park, Google Glasses, Googley, Gordon Gekko, hiring and firing, Jeff Bezos, Lean Startup, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, minimum viable product, new economy, Paul Graham, pre–internet, quantitative easing, ride hailing / ride sharing, Rosa Parks, Sand Hill Road, sharing economy, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, Snapchat, software as a service, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, telemarketer, tulip mania, Y Combinator, éminence grise

Suddenly I am the editor-in-chief of a struggling technology news website called ReadWrite, a tiny blog with three full-time employees and a half-dozen woefully underpaid freelancers. ReadWrite is based in San Francisco, which means I fly out on Monday and take a redeye back to Boston on Thursday or Friday. On weeks when I’m not in San Francisco I’m either in New York, where ReadWrite’s parent company is based, or in some other city, making sales calls, trying to get tech companies to buy ads from us. It’s not a lot of fun, but I’m making a paycheck and keeping my eyes open for something better. ReadWrite’s offices are on Townsend Street, in the South of Market neighborhood, where all of the hot tech start-ups are located—Twitter, Uber, Dropbox, Airbnb. While the rest of the country is still licking its wounds from the worst recession in nearly a century, things here are buzzing.

Back on the East Coast, where I spend my weekends, there is a vague sense that maybe things are getting a little bit frothy out in the Bay Area. Here in San Francisco there is no doubt. There’s money everywhere. Any college dropout with a hoodie and a half-baked idea can raise venture funding. Scooter rentals, grilled cheese sandwiches, a company that sends subscribers a box of random dog-related stuff every month—they’re all getting checks. Blue Bottle Coffee, popular among the cool kids in San Francisco, has raised $20 million (and over the next two years will raise $100 million more) and brews coffee using Japanese machines that cost $20,000 each. A cup of joe costs seven bucks. There is always a line. Thanks to all this new disposable income, San Francisco is bubbling with weirdo delights, like twee little shops selling liquid nitrogen ice cream and trendy bakeries making artisanal toast.

At the time I thought their concerns were silly. But as things turned out, those people may have been right to be afraid. Regarding terminology: When I use the term Silicon Valley I do not mean to denote an actual geographic region—the sixty-mile peninsula between San Francisco and San Jose, where the original technology companies were built. Instead, like Hollywood, or Wall Street, Silicon Valley has become a metaphorical name for an industry, one that exists in Los Angeles, Seattle, New York, Boston, and countless other places, as well as the San Francisco Bay Area. The term bubble, as I use it, refers not only to the economic bubble in which the valuation of some tech start-ups went crazy but also to the mindset of the people working inside technology companies, the true believers and Kool-Aid drinkers, the people who live inside their own filter bubble, brimming with self-confidence and self-regard, impervious to criticism, immunized against reality, unaware of how ridiculous they appear to the outside world.


pages: 843 words: 223,858

The Rise of the Network Society by Manuel Castells

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Apple II, Asian financial crisis, barriers to entry, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, borderless world, British Empire, capital controls, complexity theory, computer age, Credit Default Swap, declining real wages, deindustrialization, delayed gratification, dematerialisation, deskilling, disintermediation, double helix, Douglas Engelbart, edge city, experimental subject, financial deregulation, financial independence, floating exchange rates, future of work, global village, Hacker Ethic, hiring and firing, Howard Rheingold, illegal immigration, income inequality, industrial robot, informal economy, information retrieval, intermodal, invention of the steam engine, invention of the telephone, inventory management, James Watt: steam engine, job automation, job-hopping, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, labor-force participation, labour market flexibility, labour mobility, laissez-faire capitalism, low skilled workers, manufacturing employment, Marshall McLuhan, means of production, megacity, Menlo Park, new economy, New Urbanism, offshore financial centre, oil shock, open economy, packet switching, planetary scale, popular electronics, post-industrial society, postindustrial economy, prediction markets, Productivity paradox, profit maximization, purchasing power parity, RAND corporation, Robert Gordon, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, social software, South China Sea, South of Market, San Francisco, special economic zone, spinning jenny, statistical model, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Ted Nelson, the built environment, the medium is the message, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, total factor productivity, trade liberalization, transaction costs, urban renewal, urban sprawl

started in Silicon Valley.72 Moreover, most of the Internet start-ups that introduced e-commerce, and revolutionized business (such as Ebay), also clustered in Silicon Valley. The coming of multimedia in the mid-1990s created a network of technological and business linkages between computer-design capabilities from Silicon Valley companies and image-producing studios in Hollywood, immediately labeled the “Siliwood” industry. And in a run-down corner of San Francisco (South of Market), artists, graphic designers, and software writers came together in the so-called “Multimedia Gulch” that threatens to flood our living rooms with images coming from their fevered minds – in the process creating the most dynamic multimedia design center in the world.73 Can this social, cultural, and spatial pattern of innovation be extrapolated throughout the world? To answer this question, in 1988 my colleague Peter Hall and I began a several years’ tour of the world that brought us to visit and analyze some of the main scientific/technological centers of this planet, from California to Japan, New England to Old England, Paris-Sud to Hsinchu–Taiwan, Sophia-Antipolis to Akademgorodok, Szelenograd to Daeduck, Munich to Seoul.

. —— and Larsen, Judith K. (1984) Silicon Valley Fever: Growth of High Technology Culture, New York: Basic Books. Rohozinski, Rafal (1998) “Mapping Russian cyberspace: a perspective on democracy and the Net”, paper delivered at the United Nations Research Institute on Social Development Conference on Globalization and Inequality, Geneva, June 22. Rosen, Ken et al. (1999) “The multimedia industry in San Francisco’s South of Market area”, Berkeley, University of California, Haas School of Business, Centre for Real Estate Economics, research report. Rosenbaum, Andrew (1992) “France’s Minitel has finally grown up”, Electronics, 65(6). Rosenberg, Nathan (1976) Perspectives on Technology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. —— (1982) Inside the Black Box: Technology and Economics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. —— and Birdzell, L.E. (1986) How the West Grew Rich: the Economic Transformation of the Industrial World, New York: Basic Books.

Sometimes, as in the European metropolitan regions, but also in California or New York/New Jersey, these centers are pre-existing cities incorporated in the metropolitan region by fast railway and motorway transportation networks, supplemented with advanced telecommunication networks and computer networks. Sometimes the central city is still the urban core, as in London, Paris, or Barcelona. But often there are no clearly dominant urban centers. For instance, the largest city in the San Francisco Bay Area is not San Francisco but San José, the capital of Silicon Valley. Yet, San Francisco remains the key location for advanced services, while the East Bay includes a major university (Berkeley) and a biotechnology global hub (Emeryville). In other instances, as in Atlanta or in Shanghai, the new centers (North Atlanta, Pudong) are induced by the fast growth of new business services in the metropolitan region. In all cases, the metropolitan region is constituted by a multicentered structure (with different hierarchies between the centers), a decentralization of activities, residence, and services with mixed land uses, and an undefined boundary of functionality that extends the territory of this nameless city to wherever its networks go.


pages: 339 words: 57,031

From Counterculture to Cyberculture: Stewart Brand, the Whole Earth Network, and the Rise of Digital Utopianism by Fred Turner

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1960s counterculture, A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, Apple's 1984 Super Bowl advert, back-to-the-land, bioinformatics, Buckminster Fuller, Claude Shannon: information theory, complexity theory, computer age, conceptual framework, Danny Hillis, dematerialisation, distributed generation, Douglas Engelbart, Dynabook, From Mathematics to the Technologies of Life and Death, future of work, game design, George Gilder, global village, Golden Gate Park, Hacker Ethic, Haight Ashbury, hive mind, Howard Rheingold, informal economy, invisible hand, Jaron Lanier, John von Neumann, Kevin Kelly, knowledge economy, knowledge worker, market bubble, Marshall McLuhan, means of production, Menlo Park, Mother of all demos, new economy, Norbert Wiener, post-industrial society, postindustrial economy, Productivity paradox, QWERTY keyboard, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, Richard Stallman, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Reagan, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley ideology, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, technoutopianism, Ted Nelson, Telecommunications Act of 1996, theory of mind, urban renewal, Vannevar Bush, Whole Earth Catalog, Whole Earth Review, Yom Kippur War

Wired [ 235 ] In the late 1990s, Kelly also saw these new forms as a business opportunity: “Those who obey the logic of the net, and who understand that we are entering into a realm with new rules, will have a keen advantage in the new economy.” By the end of the decade, millions of Americans were investing their savings in Internet companies, very much in the belief that the economy and perhaps even humanity as a whole had entered a new era. Young engineers were migrating to the hubs of digital innovation as fast as they could. In the industrial-era lofts south of Market Street in San Francisco and in the narrow corridors of Manhattan’s Silicon Alley, twenty-something marketers pulled their six-hundred-dollar Herman Miller chairs around hand-hewn oak and redwood tables and plotted something called “web strategy.” More than a few began to imagine themselves as bits of talent and information swirling in the currents of a knowledge economy, their own careers tied to their ability to divine its rapidly changing laws.59 Corporations reconfigured offices to facilitate flexible work, programmers camped in their companies’ open-all-night offices, and day after day, financiers, technologists, and ordinary Americans checked the financial pages for signs that the future was still dawning.

After leaving the Rangers, he became an army photographer at Fort Benning, Georgia; at Fort Dix, New Jersey; and briefly at the Pentagon. While stationed in Washington, he began to feel restless in his offduty hours. “I was looking for the wrong thing,” he wrote in his diary. “I was looking for San Francisco beauty, San Francisco people, San Francisco happiness—the bohemian style. . . . Therefore, Resolved—to go posh. To frequent the theaters, music halls, galleries, and homes not as an interloper taking all he can learn, but as a learning participant.”10 Brand remained somewhat isolated in Washington, but when he returned to Fort Dix, he found his way into a swirling New York art scene. In the summer of 1960, Brand had met a young San Francisco painter named Steve Durkee; by 1961 Durkee had moved into a lower-Manhattan loft, where Brand began to visit him on weekends from Fort Dix. As he did, he began to explore a social landscape at once deeply in synch with the systems perspectives he had encountered at Stanford and entirely out of synch with the relatively ordered, hierarchical world of cold war college and military life.

The Politics of Authenticity: Liberalism, Christianity, and the New Left in America. New York: Columbia University Press, 1998. Roszak, Theodore. From Satori to Silicon Valley: San Francisco and the American Counterculture. San Francisco: Don’t Call It Frisco Press, 1986. ———. The Making of a Counter Culture: Reflections on the Technocratic Society and Its Youthful Opposition. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1969. Rothschild, Michael L. Bionomics: The Inevitability of Capitalism. New York: H. Holt, 1990. Royce, Joseph. Surface Anatomy. Philadelphia: F. A. Davis, 1965. Rushkoff, Douglas. Cyberia: Life in the Trenches of Hyperspace. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1994. Rybczynski, Witold. Paper Heroes: Appropriate Technology: Panacea or Pipe Dream? New York: Penguin, 1991. Savio, Mario. “California’s Angriest Student.”


pages: 238 words: 73,824

Makers by Chris Anderson

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3D printing, Airbnb, Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic, Apple II, autonomous vehicles, barriers to entry, Buckminster Fuller, Build a better mousetrap, business process, crowdsourcing, dark matter, David Ricardo: comparative advantage, death of newspapers, dematerialisation, Elon Musk, factory automation, Firefox, future of work, global supply chain, global village, industrial robot, interchangeable parts, Internet of things, inventory management, James Hargreaves, James Watt: steam engine, Jeff Bezos, job automation, Joseph Schumpeter, Kickstarter, Lean Startup, manufacturing employment, Mark Zuckerberg, means of production, Menlo Park, Network effects, profit maximization, race to the bottom, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, Ronald Coase, self-driving car, side project, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, Skype, slashdot, South of Market, San Francisco, spinning jenny, Startup school, stem cell, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, supply-chain management, The Nature of the Firm, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, transaction costs, trickle-down economics, Whole Earth Catalog, X Prize, Y Combinator

In New York City, smaller companies still manufacture everything from envelopes (customers can easily visit the factory to inspect designs before they go on the line) to handcrafted BMX bikes at Brooklyn Machine Works (at as much as $2,800 a frame, cheap labor is not the priority). In San Francisco, a thriving group called SFMade represents scores of entrepreneurial manufacturers who trade on their locality, from Timbuk2 bags to Mission Motors electric motorcycles. The sorts of businesses that capitalize on being close to their market range from custom furniture, which needs close contact with customers, to high-end mattresses (build-on-demand lowers cost), to niche couture (my own office building in the hot high-tech district South of Market also houses some textile factories, with immigrant Chinese workers working on locally designed clothes). That’s always been the case, but now these companies aren’t just local. If they’re sufficiently innovative, they can sell globally, too, online. Just consider the high-end chocolate made by San Francisco’s Tcho, in a full beans-to-bars chocolate factory run on a converted pier on the Bay by the original founders of Wired.

Just consider the high-end chocolate made by San Francisco’s Tcho, in a full beans-to-bars chocolate factory run on a converted pier on the Bay by the original founders of Wired. They started local, serving the same boutique demand for artisanal products that saw the rise of high-end coffee chains such as Peets (another San Francisco native) decades earlier. But because they’re a product of the Web Age, they went global more quickly, both through e-commerce and online word of mouth. Now, five years after its founding, Tcho is sold by more than four hundred retailers around the country. The factory on the pier in San Francisco run by Web pioneers makes chocolate around the clock to keep up with demand. The calculus of geography I don’t want to suggest that companies won’t continue to outsource manufacturing to China or other low-cost countries. For many industries, the combination of relatively cheap labor and the concentration of suppliers that you can find in Guangdong is unbeatable.

Illuminated with colored lights, they’re a moving art display, gently undulating in groups or peacefully alone, an ever-changing living lava lamp. But if you want one in your own home, you’ll typically need a custom tank made at a cost of thousands of dollars. This didn’t seem right to Alex Andon. He had taken a fancy to jellyfish while sailing in the British Virgin Islands as a teenager. After graduating from Duke with a biology degree in 2006, he came to the San Francisco Bay Area for a biotech job. But the jellyfish fascinated him more, in part because San Francisco Bay is one of the best places in the world to catch them. He decided to quit his job and set up a company in a friend’s garage to make custom jellyfish tanks. He called it Jellyfish Art, and it grew quickly, offering modified fish tanks with special pumps and custom water-flow systems that kept the jellyfish off the sides. He learned how to freeze plankton to make perfect jellyfish food, and how to ship small moon jellyfish live through the mail.


pages: 319 words: 90,965

The End of College: Creating the Future of Learning and the University of Everywhere by Kevin Carey

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Albert Einstein, barriers to entry, Berlin Wall, business intelligence, carbon-based life, Claude Shannon: information theory, complexity theory, declining real wages, deliberate practice, discrete time, double helix, Douglas Engelbart, Downton Abbey, Drosophila, Firefox, Frank Gehry, Google X / Alphabet X, informal economy, invention of the printing press, inventory management, Khan Academy, Kickstarter, low skilled workers, Lyft, Mark Zuckerberg, meta analysis, meta-analysis, natural language processing, Network effects, open borders, pattern recognition, Peter Thiel, pez dispenser, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Sand Hill Road, self-driving car, Silicon Valley, Silicon Valley startup, social web, South of Market, San Francisco, speech recognition, Steve Jobs, technoutopianism, transcontinental railway, Vannevar Bush

They became an essential part of how people interacted with one another in everyday life—a social network. Mobile, social, and cloud, each driven by venture-backed technology companies in Silicon Valley. Decades of increasingly powerful technology married to capital and the best minds of the research university had created a distinct and powerful culture in the converted industrial buildings south of Market Street in San Francisco and the storefronts and garages around the academic and industrial giants of Silicon Valley. It was a belief system in which people were not just augmented but liberated by technology—a place where people could discard the compromises and confusions of human living and build something more rational and enlightened in their place. — NETSCAPE WAS QUICKLY overwhelmed by Microsoft, and Andreessen went from entrepreneur to venture capitalist, setting up shop on Sand Hill Road.

Meyer, e-Learning and the Science of Instruction, San Francisco: Pfeiffer, 2008, p. 12. The U.S. Department of Education has examined scores of online learning studies: Barbara Means, Yukie Toyama, Robert Murphy, Marianne Bakia, Karla Jones, and the Center for Technology in Learning, Evaluation of Evidence-Based Practices in Online Learning: A Meta-Analysis and Review of Online Learning Studies, U.S. Department of Education, Office of Planning, Evaluation, and Policy Development, Policy and Program Studies Service, revised 2010, http://www2.ed.gov/rschstat/eval/tech/evidence-based-practices/finalreport.pdf. Suppes showed up on the first day of class: Michael Allen, “Addressing Diversity in (e-)Learning,” in Michael Allen’s e-Learning Annual, 2008, San Francisco: Pfeiffer, 2008. At the original Dartmouth conference on artificial intelligence: J.

It wasn’t hard to guess where those competitors would come from: Silicon Valley, a place with enough money, smart people, and cultural prestige to compete head-to-head with the hybrid universities, using a profoundly different philosophy about what to do with information technology and what the future should bring. — IT WAS FOUR in the afternoon on a gorgeous spring day in the Mission District of San Francisco. I was standing on a sidewalk with Michael Staton, waiting for an Uber to arrive. Michael came to the Bay Area in the early 2000s to launch an Internet start-up company that builds social networks for incoming college freshmen. He had recently switched to the investment side of the deal-making table and become a partner in a venture capital firm specializing in technology and education. I wanted to get a better sense of the competitive forces on the horizon that people in traditional academia should be scared of.


pages: 446 words: 138,827

What Should I Do With My Life? by Po Bronson

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back-to-the-land, Berlin Wall, clean water, double entry bookkeeping, Exxon Valdez, financial independence, high net worth, job satisfaction, Menlo Park, microcredit, new economy, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, special economic zone, telemarketer, traffic fines, young professional

He was concerned about community, which he feared had been lost in the last three decades, or maybe in the last three years, a time during which he’d also lost his one romantic love and his closest friend and a good deal of money. It had humbled him. He didn’t know where to turn. George shares a two-bedroom rented apartment on the tiptop of Potrero Hill. It’s spotlessly clean and uncluttered by the usual knickknacks one accumulates. From the couch tucked into the bay window of the living room, he looks down on the South of Market industrial neighborhood that was home to so many dot-coms, with the skyline of old money downtown rising up behind it. He can see right into the baseball park’s center field, and he can tell if Bay Bridge traffic is backed up. The view pans from Antioch in the north to Fremont in the south. Fantastic perspective, and it was perspective George needed when he settled into this couch after leaving start-ups forever.

How many times will you get the benefit of arriving at a crossroads, where you don’t have to fight the tug of rolling inertia, and your choice isn’t going to hurt someone you love? Not many. Make them count. They will define you. When I left First Boston, I joined my girlfriend managing and writing a subscription-only newsletter on San Francisco politics. I was earning about one thousand dollars a month. At night I took my first class in creative writing at San Francisco State, a lonely commuter school of mostly part-time students. I continued to wedge one class a week into my schedule for the next seven years. You might think that I had an obvious topic to write about, bringing to school my incredible front-row perspective on the unique macho culture of global finance. But I went five years before it even occurred to me I could use that setting in fiction.

The only jobs left are in the tourist industry, restaurants and hotels. So which interpretation is accurate? Probably both. That’s friction. That’s what makes it interesting. Marc Weidenbaum is thirty-four, tall and slender. He moved here a year and a half ago. He’s an exotic here, because he’s a Jewish kid from Long Island via San Francisco who talks too fast and wears a backpack. “You don’t see many backpacks here,” he said. “The backpack is a staple of New York and San Francisco. It says you’re coming from somewhere, and you’re going somewhere else, and you have things you need that you can’t be without. Here, backpacks are unnecessary. People look at me and think I’m way too old to have a backpack. But I don’t carry as much in it as I used to. Look. I don’t carry business cards anymore. People don’t swap business cards here.

Frommer's San Diego 2011 by Mark Hiss

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airport security, California gold rush, car-free, desegregation, Donald Trump, East Village, El Camino Real, glass ceiling, New Journalism, Skype, South of Market, San Francisco, sustainable-tourism, transcontinental railway, urban renewal, Works Progress Administration

Consulates are in New York, Honolulu, Houston, Los Angeles, and San Francisco. The embassy of Canada is at 501 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20001 (& 202/682-1740; www.canadainternational.gc.ca/washington). Other Canadian consulates are in Buffalo (New York), Detroit, Los Angeles, New York, and Seattle. The embassy of Ireland is at 2234 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20008 (& 202/462-3939; www.embassyofireland.org). Irish consulates are in Boston, Chicago, New York, San Francisco, and other cities. See website for complete listing. The embassy of New Zealand is at 37 Observatory Circle NW, Washington, DC 20008 (& 202/328-4800; www.nzembassy.com). New Zealand consulates are in Los Angeles, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, and Seattle. The embassy of the United Kingdom is at 3100 Massachusetts Ave.

While in Tijuana, be sure to visit the excellent Centro Cultural Tijuana (p. 276), which covers the history, contemporary art, culture, and performing arts of Baja California and the rest of Mexico. Initially lured by the California gold rush in the 1850s, a small Chinese community came to live in San Diego and controlled much of the fishing industry until 1890; Chinese also helped build (and later staff) the Hotel del Coronado. Chinatown—downtown, south of Market Street—eventually merged with the rough-andtumble Stingaree, San Diego’s red-light district. At the turn of the last century, the area was a hub of gambling, prostitution, and opium dens, and Chinese families ran notorious bars such as the Old Tub of Blood Saloon and the Seven Buckets of Blood Saloon. Today, an Asian/Pacific Historic District is beginning to materialize, concentrated between Market and J streets, and between Third and Fifth avenues.

Mon– Tues and Fri–Sat 10am–4pm; Thurs 10am–6pm; Sun noon–4pm (2nd Sun of the month 10am–4pm); closed Wed. Parking $10. Bus: 3, 11, 120, or 992. Trolley: Convention Center. San Diego Chinese Historical Museum In the former Chinese Mission, where Chinese immigrants learned English and adapted to their new environment, this small museum contains antique Chinese lottery equipment, a series of panels documenting the gold rush, and artifacts unearthed from San Diego’s old Chinatown (south of Market, btw. Third and Fifth aves.). A nice gift shop and a pleasant garden in back with a bronze statue of Confucius complete the experience. Allow about half an hour for your visit. Walking tours of the Asian Pacific Historic District start here on the second Saturday of the month at 11am; the cost is $2. 404 Third Ave. (at J St.). & 619/338-9888. www.sdchm.org. Admission $2 adults, free for children 11 and under.


pages: 394 words: 118,929

Dreaming in Code: Two Dozen Programmers, Three Years, 4,732 Bugs, and One Quest for Transcendent Software by Scott Rosenberg

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A Pattern Language, Berlin Wall, c2.com, call centre, collaborative editing, conceptual framework, continuous integration, Douglas Engelbart, Douglas Hofstadter, Dynabook, en.wikipedia.org, Firefox, Ford paid five dollars a day, Francis Fukuyama: the end of history, Grace Hopper, Gödel, Escher, Bach, Howard Rheingold, index card, Internet Archive, inventory management, Jaron Lanier, John von Neumann, knowledge worker, life extension, Loma Prieta earthquake, Menlo Park, Merlin Mann, new economy, Nicholas Carr, Norbert Wiener, pattern recognition, Paul Graham, Potemkin village, RAND corporation, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Stallman, Ronald Reagan, semantic web, side project, Silicon Valley, Singularitarianism, slashdot, software studies, South of Market, San Francisco, speech recognition, stealth mode startup, stem cell, Stephen Hawking, Steve Jobs, Stewart Brand, Ted Nelson, Therac-25, thinkpad, Turing test, VA Linux, Vannevar Bush, Vernor Vinge, web application, Whole Earth Catalog, Y2K

Later, someone else erased a bunch of letters and added one so that the board now read: “We come to ward three.” That was too bleak for another staffer, who erased an r, leaving a more positive biblical prophecy: “We come toward thee.” Kapor repeatedly told his programmers that the nonprofit OSAF was going to operate under different rules from the venture-capital-funded start-ups whose wreckage, in those post–Internet boom days, littered the San Francisco Bay area—leaving OSAF’s new neighborhood south of Market Street feeling like an urban dead zone. At a May meeting he reassured some of them who feared that their team was growing too big, too fast: “We’re not operating with the mythology of the Silicon Valley death march, with the deadline to ship a product and get revenue, where the product quality goes out the window. Everybody who’s been through that—and that pretty much includes everyone in this room—knows what that’s like.

Leung already knew how to do “distributed development” from his Apache work; Kapor invited him to join OSAF and work from home, with a visit to the San Francisco mother ship every few months. Today Leung is going to demo some tests he has rigged to see how well the Chandler repository can handle large quantities of data. A dedicated blogger, he devised a program that would load twenty megabytes of blog posts in RSS format into Chandler, creating eleven thousand Chandler items. There’s only one problem: While a colleague at the OSAF office runs the demo on screen, Leung is patched in by phone, and the phone link is only half working: He can hear San Francisco, but San Francisco can’t hear him. So he narrates the demo by typing his explanations into the IRC chat room, which is projected on the wall, where his colleagues can read them.

I thought there needed to be more variety in the game’s insurrections, so I started inventing additions—new subroutines that would plunge Sumer into civil war or introduce rival governments competing for legitimacy. I didn’t care how late it was. The F train ran all night to take me home to Queens. The revolution had to be customized! A quarter century later, in May 2000, I sat in an office in San Francisco and stared at a modern computer screen (high resolution, millions of colors). Wan ranks of half-guzzled paper coffee cups flanked my keyboard. It was 5:00 A.M. I was forty years old, a founder and now managing editor of the online magazine Salon, and in charge of a software development project. It had taken us months of meticulous planning. It promised to revolutionize our Web site with dynamic features.


pages: 411 words: 80,925

What's Mine Is Yours: How Collaborative Consumption Is Changing the Way We Live by Rachel Botsman, Roo Rogers

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Airbnb, barriers to entry, Bernie Madoff, bike sharing scheme, Buckminster Fuller, carbon footprint, Cass Sunstein, collaborative consumption, collaborative economy, Community Supported Agriculture, credit crunch, crowdsourcing, dematerialisation, disintermediation, en.wikipedia.org, experimental economics, George Akerlof, global village, Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, information retrieval, iterative process, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, late fees, Mark Zuckerberg, market design, Menlo Park, Network effects, new economy, new new economy, out of africa, Parkinson's law, peer-to-peer lending, Ponzi scheme, pre–internet, recommendation engine, RFID, Richard Stallman, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Coase, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, SETI@home, Simon Kuznets, Skype, slashdot, smart grid, South of Market, San Francisco, Stewart Brand, The Nature of the Firm, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thorstein Veblen, Torches of Freedom, transaction costs, traveling salesman, ultimatum game, Victor Gruen, web of trust, women in the workforce, Zipcar

What’s Mine Is Yours THE RISE OF COLLABORATIVE CONSUMPTION Rachel Botsman and Roo Rogers For my nana, Evelyn Amdur —Rachel For Bernie, Ruby & Mei —Roo Contents Cover Title Page Introduction: What’s Mine Is Yours Part 1 - Context Chapter One - Enough Is Enough Chapter Two - All-Consuming Chapter Three - From Generation Me to Generation We Part 2 - Groundswell Chapter Four - The Rise of Collaborative Consumption Chapter Five - Better Than Ownership Chapter Six - What Goes Around Comes Around Chapter Seven - We Are All in This Together Part 3 - Implications Chapter Eight - Collaborative Design Chapter Nine - Community Is the Brand Chapter Ten - The Evolution of Collaborative Consumption Interviewees Collaborative Consumption Hub Selected Bibliography Index Acknowledgments About the Authors Copyright About the Publisher Introduction What’s Mine Is Yours In October 2007, designers from all over the world traveled to San Francisco to attend the annual industrial design conference. The city’s hotel rooms had been sold out for months. Joe Gebbia and Brian Chesky, old friends and product design graduates from the Rhode Island School of Design, were among the ten thousand people planning to attend. The classmates had recently moved into a big loft in South of Market, San Francisco, or SoMa, as it is known, to start a business. During a conversation Gebbia and Chesky had about making some quick money to help pay their rent, they asked themselves, “Why not rent our extra room and advertise it on the conference Web site?”

Beyond its community features that include “discussion forums,” “lost and found,” and “job postings,” craigslist functions like Freecycle, where members form local “hubs” and post what they need or what they want to sell or give away. The key difference is that people generally charge for stuff on craigslist. It’s not usually free. Newmark, just like Beal, created one of the Internet’s most popular sites almost by accident. He started it in 1995 by sending his friends and coworkers a list of cool art and technology events in San Francisco. Gradually, it spread into the wider community. “People started sending me more and more stuff, such as job listings, stuff to sell, and apartment rentals to add to the list, and more and more people asked to be added to it,” Newmark says. Within two years, he had thousands of readers, most of whom he didn’t know.13 From there it has grown into the world’s most popular Web site for classified ads, with more than seven hundred local sites across seventy countries from Romania to Kenya to Canada.

Some even say it’s addictive and fascinating seeing who’s borrowing what and why and will check their Zopa account several times in one day. As Rob Forshaw, a Zopa lender, puts it, “It makes me feel like I am part of something bigger and seems to trigger a sense of belonging. With belonging comes pride and passion.” Working Alone and Together In 2005, Brad Neuberg was a thirty-one-year-old freelance open-source software programmer living in San Francisco. He had just left a tech start-up to work for himself. Neuberg enjoyed working from home, yet the experience was also isolating. He tried the de facto techie office, a coffee shop, but found it too noisy and distracting and devoid of meaningful interactions. Despite his complaints about the monotony and conformity of the nine-to-five cube-working culture, Neuberg discovered that he missed the social camaraderie of an office.


pages: 289 words: 99,936

Digital Dead End: Fighting for Social Justice in the Information Age by Virginia Eubanks

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affirmative action, Berlin Wall, call centre, cognitive dissonance, desegregation, Fall of the Berlin Wall, future of work, game design, global village, index card, informal economy, invisible hand, Kevin Kelly, knowledge economy, labor-force participation, labour market flexibility, low-wage service sector, microcredit, new economy, post-industrial society, race to the bottom, rent control, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, telemarketer, Thomas L Friedman, trickle-down economics, union organizing, urban planning, web application, white flight, women in the workforce, working poor

But even in the heady atmosphere of the dot-com boom, it would take a powerful brand of denial to not see that something was amiss in the middle of the Silicon Valley miracle. Though my vision was limited by my privileged social and economic position, I was not blind. It was clear to me at the time that I was part of the massive wave of gentrification that swept through San Francisco neighborhoods like the Mission, South of Market, Hayes Valley, and the Western Addition. Public housing began to disappear, replaced by coffee shops, Internet cafes, and the kind of stores that display two items of clothing in a big white room. In the three and a half years I lived in San Francisco, the vibrant diversity of the city waned visibly and rents in my neighborhood tripled. In the mid-1990s, in the circles I was running in, it was not unusual for people to ask you at parties, only half ironically, “Have you made your first million yet?”

Four Beginnings 3 During that time, my activism and thinking about justice began to shift and deepen. I discovered feminism when a women’s studies class gave me language to articulate long-held beliefs about sex and gender inequalities. I engaged in antiwar and anti-imperialist organizing after the first invasion of Iraq. I took my first steps into antiracist and civil rights work after hitchhiking to San Francisco to hear Angela Y. Davis speak at the Western Regional Organizing Conference Against the War in 1991; it was a profoundly life-changing experience. While my college campus was diverse in terms of race, nationality, sexual orientation, and beliefs, it was not terribly economically diverse, and though I met a few Marxists and anarchists, and sought out collectives and co-ops in town, there wasn’t much of a conversation going on about economic inequality.

While my college campus was diverse in terms of race, nationality, sexual orientation, and beliefs, it was not terribly economically diverse, and though I met a few Marxists and anarchists, and sought out collectives and co-ops in town, there wasn’t much of a conversation going on about economic inequality. And then came the rumblings of the information revolution. There in the heart of the Silicon Valley, while working as the development director for a community radio station, I discovered this fascinating new thing called the World Wide Web. I hacked my way through HTML, started making Web sites (for the Mosaic browser!), and moved up the coast to San Francisco to start my post-college life in 1995. Those were strange days in the Bay Area. For a young woman like me with racial and economic privilege, a college degree, no family obligations, and some working knowledge of computers, it was a remarkable time of freedom and excitement. I set myself up as a freelance Web site developer, found a $300 per month room in the Mission District, and started one of the first cyberfeminist ‘zines, a short-lived snarky online periodical called Brillo.


pages: 365 words: 120,105

Why Do I Love These People?: Understanding, Surviving, and Creating Your Own Family by Po Bronson

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Asperger Syndrome, estate planning, South of Market, San Francisco, working poor, young professional

Her belief. It came back when she got to know her father, James, but not as her father, just as a man, a human being with feelings. She found herself loving him again, with a respect she'd not had in twenty years. This is their story. I had actually met Jennifer before. “Do you remember?” she asked. “I still have your old business card,” I recalled truthfully. We would bump into each other at a South of Market club where my best friend and I used to swing-dance. What I remembered about Jen was that she spoke very directly about her emerging career as a television producer. She was ambitious and sharp. And this was memorable, because we were in a club where (1) businessy career conversations seemed out of place, not to mention hard to hear, and (2) Jen was working as a Lucky Strike cigarette girl, in costume, giving away cigarettes.

Rather, each story unfolds like a film, raising questions and provoking contemplation as it works its way to the end. I consider the style of my work “social documentary,” and these are some of the most powerful stories I've ever recorded. I wrote this book because I fell in love with these stories, and I fell in love with these stories partially because I have been on a similar journey myself. Today I have two healthy young children and am happily married. We live in San Francisco and our extended family is spread out over both coasts of the United States and three continents. We visit all of our relatives, often, and it is not a duty or a chore—we like it. My mom lives with us about six weeks a year, and my dad and I have a special connection that I would still feel if he were on Mars. But it was not always this way. Until I was thirty-five, I never wanted children.

(Somehow, the Dorothy Hamill bob with blunt bangs had made it to China.) Jennifer remembers fretting about whether this American ice skater's haircut would be sufficient to allow her to fit in, but her father seemed confident in what he was doing. In their culture there was no such thing as questioning your father. “Your cousins will teach you,” he promised. His own father, sister, and brother had gone to San Francisco twenty years earlier. By now they were thriving. The family would smooth their transition. They didn't. The family was caught up in their own lives. They treated the new Louies rudely, mocked them for not speaking English, and overlooked them at Christmas. The new arrivals were never “emotionally claimed,” to use James's phrase. Way too soon the new Louies were on their own, living in Sacramento, running restaurants, sacrificing, trying to assimilate, hoping their children would attend college, maybe even—if they were a very lucky family—the University of California at Berkeley.


pages: 314 words: 83,631

Tubes: A Journey to the Center of the Internet by Andrew Blum

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air freight, cable laying ship, call centre, global village, Hibernia Atlantic: Project Express, if you build it, they will come, inflight wifi, invisible hand, Kevin Kelly, Mark Zuckerberg, Menlo Park, Mercator projection, Network effects, New Urbanism, packet switching, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RAND corporation, side project, Silicon Valley, Skype, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Crocker, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, urban planning, WikiLeaks

I’d heard the business stories of the dot-com boom, about how Jim Clark and Marc Andreessen founded Netscape, and Bill Gates battled to keep Internet Explorer an integral part of Microsoft’s Windows operating system. But what about the networks themselves, and their places of connections? In a business that’s always been obsessed with the next new thing, who was still around to tell that story? I went back to California—only to hear about Virginia. On a characteristically damp and gray San Francisco day, I met a network engineer named Steve Feldman at a café a few blocks from his office, in the heart of the cluster of Internet companies located south of Market Street. He looked like a high school math teacher, with khaki pants, sturdy brown walking shoes, and a big beard. His office ID hung around his neck from a lanyard embroidered with NANOG, the North American Network Operators’ Group—the clubby association of engineers who manage the biggest Internet networks, and whose steering committee Feldman chairs.

The key piece of equipment was a black Cisco 6500 Series router, the size of a few stacked pizza boxes, its chassis tattooed with bar-coded inventory labels and poked through by blinking green LEDs. For the twenty-five thousand customers who relied on Auer’s company to connect to “the Internet,” this machine was the on-ramp. Its job was to read the destination of a packet of data and send it along one of two paths. The first path went upstairs to an equipment room belonging to Cogent, a wholesale Internet provider that serviced cities from San Francisco to Kiev. A yellow wire passed through a utility shaft, came through a wall, and plugged into Cogent’s equipment, itself connected to electronic colleagues in Chicago and Minneapolis. This building was Cogent’s only “point of presence” in all of Wisconsin, the only place Cogent’s express train stopped; that’s why Auer’s company was here, and all the others. The second cable went to Time Warner, whose wholesale Internet division provided an additional connection—a backup, plugging Auer’s piece of the Internet into all the rest.

Feldman responded to the government request for bids with an idea for a fancy new exchange—but the National Science Foundation, which ran the process, said they’d rather just give MFS money to keep MAE-East going. Contracts were eventually awarded for four access points, run by four major telecom players: the Sprint NAP in Pennsauken, New Jersey, just across the Delaware River from Philadelphia; the Ameritech NAP in Chicago; the Pacific Bell NAP in San Francisco; and MAE-East. But Feldman likes to say there were really only three and half, “because we already existed.” (And MFS would soon open MAE-West, at 55 South Market Street, in San Jose, California, to compete with the Pacific Bell NAP.) That geography was deliberate. The National Science Foundation knew that to succeed the network hubs needed to serve distinct regional markets, spread evenly across the country.


pages: 468 words: 233,091

Founders at Work: Stories of Startups' Early Days by Jessica Livingston

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8-hour work day, affirmative action, AltaVista, Apple II, Brewster Kahle, business process, Byte Shop, Danny Hillis, don't be evil, fear of failure, financial independence, Firefox, full text search, game design, Googley, HyperCard, illegal immigration, Internet Archive, Jeff Bezos, Maui Hawaii, Menlo Park, nuclear winter, Paul Buchheit, Paul Graham, Peter Thiel, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, Sand Hill Road, side project, Silicon Valley, slashdot, social software, software patent, South of Market, San Francisco, Startup school, stealth mode startup, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, web application, Y Combinator

Livingston: So you said, “Let’s do it”? Kahle: Yes, and moved out to San Francisco, started the company in a Menlo Park mansion, sort of on the Thinking Machines model. That was as far north as I thought I could put the company and still be connected in with the Apples and the Suns and the other technology companies. In 1992, San Francisco wasn’t the place for companies. That happened in the mid ’90s, with the whole South of Market rebuilding. That was another sort of “learn the lesson of going someplace where people don’t call you crazy.” I really needed the help of those that were in Silicon Valley, though I knew that as this industry built up, it was going to work more with the creative people. So it was going to transition more and more to San Francisco. When we moved offices in 1994, we moved it into the city, so that we could work with the publishers—basically, the people that were going to be out there on the Net, not just building the technology, but using it for something. 272 Founders at Work Livingston: So you were getting a little bit of money from clients.

One was called Alexa Internet (short for the Library of Alexandria), and the other was the Internet Archive, to archive everything that was in the library. Alexa was a for-profit, and the Internet Archive was nonprofit. I didn’t make enough money to go and make a nonprofit and fund it myself, and I didn’t know how to ask for money in a nonprofit, but I knew how to build products. Alexa Internet was a navigation system for the Internet. Bruce Gilliat and I started it out here in San Francisco, in a house in the middle of a park—in the Presidio. We’re in a 1500-acre park in the middle of San Francisco. We’re the second lease-holder here. Livingston: You started both companies simultaneously? Did you have different people running each one? Kahle: Everybody worked at Alexa. The idea was that everything that Alexa ever collected would be donated to the Internet Archive. Over the long term, companies come and go. They usually don’t last that long.

The idea that you can start on a shoestring, that you can hold a meeting in a coffeehouse and that’s OK, is perfectly legitimate on the West Coast. Livingston: Why not in Cambridge? Kahle: Maybe you can do that now in Cambridge; maybe it’s changed. But there’s a more institutional idea that you have to be more proven. San Francisco is full of dreamers. It’s the people with the new ideas. It may be bad, they may be inappropriate, they may fail, but I love the idea that we can do something new and different—something that hasn’t been done before, something that’s going to affect a lot of people. There’s an idea that you can pull something off here. That sort of uplifting nature to San Francisco and the Bay Area in general really lives on. This is a city of dreamers, and that’s what makes it just a wonderful place to live and to work. Livingston: Looking back on all of your experiences, what surprised you most?


pages: 372 words: 89,876

The Connected Company by Dave Gray, Thomas Vander Wal

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A Pattern Language, Albert Einstein, Amazon Mechanical Turk, Amazon Web Services, Atul Gawande, Berlin Wall, business process, call centre, Clayton Christensen, complexity theory, en.wikipedia.org, factory automation, Googley, index card, interchangeable parts, inventory management, Jeff Bezos, Kevin Kelly, loose coupling, market design, minimum viable product, more computing power than Apollo, profit maximization, Richard Florida, self-driving car, shareholder value, side project, Silicon Valley, skunkworks, software as a service, South of Market, San Francisco, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, Stewart Brand, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, Tony Hsieh, Toyota Production System, Vanguard fund, web application, WikiLeaks, Zipcar

Attempting to pay down the debt, People Express tried to attract more business travellers by introducing first-class cabins, a frequent flier plan, and complex fare structures, and in the process became nearly indistinguishable from the airlines it was trying to disrupt. The rapid expansion proved too much for the company, and it was merged into Continental Airlines in 1987. In 2007, Yahoo launched an innovation studio called Brickhouse, in order to better compete with nimble startups. Yahoo opened a 14,000-square-foot office far away from corporate headquarters, in the South of Market Area (SOMA) of San Francisco, a hotbed of startups and innovation, and seeded the effort with entrepreneurs such as Flickr cofounder Caterina Fake. Basically, Brickhouse was an innovation pod, set up to rekindle the startup flame and encourage experimentation and the exploration of new ideas. The Brickhouse team moved quickly, developing products in a third of the time it took at Yahoo proper. Brickhouse launched several innovative services for managing streams and feeds (Yahoo Pipes), streaming video (Yahoo Live), and location sharing (Yahoo Fire Eagle).

Autodesk invested about $40 million altogether, including $22 million in Buzzsaw, which it bought back for $15 million, a fire-sale price, in 2001. Buzzsaw is now called Building Collaboration Services, and Buzzsaw CEO Carl Bass is now the CEO of Autodesk. Disrupting Full-Service Telecom at O2 In 2008, Gav Thompson, Head of Brand innovation at UK telecom provider O2, came up with an idea for a pilot pod while sitting in a Web2.0 conference in San Francisco, doodling in his notebook. He envisioned a company that was designed and run mostly by customers, and a new service called giffgaff—an ancient Scottish word for “mutual giving”—was born. O2 started the pod by launching a community first, so prospective customers could talk about what they wanted in a service. Early members of the community, now known as founders, helped to shape and craft the offering.

Great Britain by David Else, Fionn Davenport

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active transport: walking or cycling, Albert Einstein, Beeching cuts, British Empire, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, colonial rule, Columbine, congestion charging, credit crunch, David Attenborough, Etonian, food miles, glass ceiling, global village, haute cuisine, illegal immigration, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, land reform, Livingstone, I presume, Mahatma Gandhi, new economy, North Sea oil, Northern Rock, offshore financial centre, place-making, Skype, South of Market, San Francisco, Stephen Hawking, the market place, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, transatlantic slave trade, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Winter of Discontent

Today the city’s rich past is blighted by some nasty examples of postwar town planning, although there are a few remaining buildings of architectural note. The town is also famous for footwear and was once the heart of the boot and shoe industry. Orientation The town is centred on Market Sq, with the main pedestrianised shopping route, Abington St, running east from it, where it becomes the Kettering Rd, with its hotels and bars. To the south of Market Sq are the guildhall and the tourist office. The town’s infamously ugly bus station is to the north. Information The helpful tourist office ( 01604-838800; www.explorenorthamptonshire.co.uk; The Guildhall, St Giles Sq; 10am-5pm Mon-Sat) was in a temporary home next to the Derngate Royal Theatre at the time of writing but will move to Sessions House on George Row during 2009. Sights & Activities Even those without a shoe fetish can get a kick out of the impressive displays at Northampton Museum & Art Gallery ( 01604-838111; Guildhall Rd; admission free; 10am-5pm Mon-Sat, 2-5pm Sun), where you can learn about the history of shoemaking through interactive exhibits and follow the height of footwear fashion throughout the ages.

Return to beginning of chapter TIME Wherever you are in the world, time is mea-sured in relation to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT, or Universal Time Coordinated, UTC as it’s more accurately called), so a highlight for many visitors to London is a trip to Greenwich and its famous line dividing the western and eastern hemispheres. To give you an idea, if it is noon in London, it is 4am on the same day in San Francisco, 7am in New York and 10pm in Sydney. British summer time (BST) is Britain’s daylight saving; one hour ahead of GMT from late March to late October. Return to beginning of chapter TOURIST INFORMATION Before leaving home, check the informative, comprehensive and wide-ranging website VisitBritain (www.visitbritain.com) or the more specific sites www.enjoyengland.com, www.visitscotland.com and www.visitwales.com.

England by David Else

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active transport: walking or cycling, Albert Einstein, back-to-the-land, Berlin Wall, British Empire, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, colonial rule, Columbine, congestion charging, David Attenborough, David Brooks, Etonian, food miles, glass ceiling, haute cuisine, Isaac Newton, James Watt: steam engine, Mahatma Gandhi, new economy, New Urbanism, out of africa, place-making, Skype, South of Market, San Francisco, Stephen Hawking, the market place, trade route, transatlantic slave trade, transatlantic slave trade, unbiased observer, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, Winter of Discontent

Today the city’s rich past is blighted by some nasty examples of postwar town planning, although there are a few remaining buildings of architectural note. The town is also famous for footwear and was once the heart of the boot and shoe industry. Orientation The town is centred on Market Sq, with the main pedestrianised shopping route, Abington St, running east from it, where it becomes Kettering Rd, with its hotels and bars. To the south of Market Sq are the guildhall and the tourist office. The town’s infamously ugly bus station is to the north. Information The helpful tourist office ( 01604-838800; www.explorenorthamptonshire.co.uk; The Guildhall, St Giles Sq; 10am-5pm Mon-Sat) was in a temporary home next to the Derngate Royal Theatre at the time of writing but will move to Sessions House on George Row during 2009. Sights & Activities Even those without a shoe fetish can get a kick out of the impressive displays at Northampton Museum & Art Gallery ( 01604-838111; Guildhall Rd; admission free; 10am-5pm Mon-Sat, 2-5pm Sun), where you can learn about the history of shoemaking through interactive exhibits and follow the height of footwear fashion throughout the ages.

A second option is to buy a pay-as-you-go phone (from around £50, including SIM and number); to stay in credit, you buy ‘top-up’ cards at newsagents. TIME Wherever you are in the world, time is measured in relation to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT, or Universal Time Coordinated, UTC as it’s more accurately called), so a highlight for many visitors to London is a trip to Greenwich and its famous line dividing the western and eastern hemispheres. To give you an idea, if it is noon in London, it is 4am on the same day in San Francisco, 7am in New York and 10pm in Sydney. British summer time (BST) is Britain’s daylight saving; one hour ahead of GMT from late March to late October. TOURIST INFORMATION Before leaving home, check the informative, comprehensive and wide-ranging websites VisitBritain (www.visitbritain.com)and EnjoyEngland (www.enjoyengland.com), covering all the angles of national tourism, with links to numerous other sites.