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searching for Optics 274 found (11202 total)

alternate case: optics

Ptolemy (5,347 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article

significant part of the early history of optics and influenced the more famous 11th-century Book of Optics by Ibn al-Haytham. It contains the earliest
Opacity (optics) (1,100 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Find sources: "Opacity" optics – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (February 2010) (Learn how
Focus (optics) (480 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
In geometrical optics, a focus, also called an image point, is a point where light rays originating from a point on the object converge. Although the focus
Reflection (physics) (2,090 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
incident light. This is an important principle in the field of thin-film optics. Specular reflection forms images. Reflection from a flat surface forms
Free-space optical communication (3,625 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
applications. Free-space optics can be used for communications between spacecraft. In 2008, MRV Communications introduced a free-space optics (FSO)-based system
Backscatter (photography) (887 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Focal length Guide number Hyperfocal distance Lens flare Metering mode Orb (optics) Perspective distortion Photograph Photographic printing Photographic processes
Narinder Singh Kapany (1,840 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
for his work on fiber optics. He is credited with coining of the term fiber optics and is considered the 'Father of Fiber Optics'. Fortune named him one
Scattering (2,517 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
particle diameter to wavelength more than about 10, the laws of geometric optics are mostly sufficient to describe the interaction of light with the particle
Geometric albedo (1,079 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
direction of the light paths and is not a phase angle in its normal meaning in optics or electronics.) Diffuse scattering implies that radiation is reflected
Cardinal point (optics) (1,928 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
In Gaussian optics, the cardinal points consist of three pairs of points located on the optical axis of a rotationally symmetric, focal, optical system
Biomedical engineering (5,493 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
biology, chemistry, tissue engineering and materials science. Biomedical optics refers to the interaction of biological tissue and light, and how this can
Wave interference (4,229 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Achamfuo-Yeboah, S.; Light R.; Clark M. (2014). "Widefield two laser interferometry". Optics Express. 22 (22): 27094–27101. Bibcode:2014OExpr..2227094P. doi:10.1364/OE
Fly-by-wire (4,110 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
drag-inducing aerodynamic trims in the elevators.[citation needed] Fly-by-optics is sometimes used instead of fly-by-wire because it offers a higher data
Science in the medieval Islamic world (5,697 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Islamic physicists such as Ibn Al-Haytham, Al-Bīrūnī and others studied optics and mechanics as well as astronomy, and criticised Aristotle's view of motion
Diffraction-limited system (2,194 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
diffraction-limited optics, will remain diffraction-limited, and will have a spatial or angular extent essentially equal to the resolution of the optics at the wavelength
Normal (geometry) (2,061 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
In geometry, a normal is an object such as a line, ray, or vector that is perpendicular to a given object. For example, the normal line to a plane curve
OPTICS algorithm (1,947 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Ordering points to identify the clustering structure (OPTICS) is an algorithm for finding density-based clusters in spatial data. It was presented by Mihael
Diffraction (5,892 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Fowles (1975). Introduction to Modern Optics. Courier Corporation. ISBN 978-0-486-65957-2. Hecht, Eugene (2002), Optics (4th ed.), United States of America:
Schlieren photography (1,451 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cutoff pattern (essentially a multiplicity of knife edges) with focusing optics, while density gradients lying between the illumination pattern and the
Rod cell (1,755 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Rod cells are photoreceptor cells in the retina of the eye that can function in lower light better than the other type of visual photoreceptor, cone cells
Charles K. Kao (8,030 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
electrical engineer and physicist who pioneered the development and use of fibre optics in telecommunications. In the 1960s, Kao created various methods to combine
Large Binocular Telescope (2,094 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
telescope. In the summer of 2010, the "First Light Adaptive Optics" (FLAO) – an adaptive optics system with a deformable secondary mirror rather than correcting
Gigabit Ethernet (3,212 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
50 μm/500 MHz×km multi-mode fiber. In practice, with good quality fiber, optics, and terminations, 1000BASE-SX will usually work over significantly longer
Elbit Systems (3,543 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
reconnaissance (C4ISR), unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), advanced electro-optics, electro-optic space systems, electronic warfare suites, signal intelligence
Objective (optics) (595 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
In optical engineering, the objective is the optical element that gathers light from the object being observed and focuses the light rays to produce a
Halo (optical phenomenon) (2,572 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
a hole" in the sky". Atmospheric Optics. Retrieved 3 August 2016. Les Cowley. "Bottlinger's Ring". Atmospheric Optics. Retrieved 2017-06-26. Nance, Robert
Medical optical imaging (813 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Ballistic Photons" (PDF). Applied Optics. 46 (23): 5805–5822. doi:10.1364/ao.46.005805. Durduran, T; et al. (2010). "Diffuse optics for tissue monitoring and
Distortion (optics) (2,283 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
In geometric optics, distortion is a deviation from rectilinear projection; a projection in which straight lines in a scene remain straight in an image
Euclid's Optics (884 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Euclid's Optics (Greek: Ὀπτικά), is a work on the geometry of vision written by the Greek mathematician Euclid around 300 BC. The earliest surviving manuscript
Snell's law (3,661 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
glass, or air. In optics, the law is used in ray tracing to compute the angles of incidence or refraction, and in experimental optics to find the refractive
Binoculars (6,029 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
vision seems to have been explored. Most early binoculars used Galilean optics; that is, they used a convex objective and a concave eyepiece lens. The
Organic light-emitting transistor (111 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
An organic light-emitting transistor (OLET) is a form of transistor that emits light. These transistors have potential for digital displays and on-chip
Rangefinder camera (2,345 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
imitations and derivatives), Contax cameras manufactured for Carl Zeiss Optics by camera subsidiary Zeiss-Ikon and, after Germany's defeat in World War
IEEE Photonics Society (416 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The IEEE Photonics Society, formerly the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS), is a society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Fluorite (3,330 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
aberration, making them valuable in microscopes and telescopes. Fluorite optics are also usable in the far-ultraviolet and mid-infrared ranges, where conventional
Albedo (4,920 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
geological and environmental features. The term albedo was introduced into optics by Johann Heinrich Lambert in his 1760 work Photometria. Any albedo in visible
Endoscopy (3,297 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
risk of burning the inside of the patient. Alongside the advances to the optics, the ability to 'steer' the tip was developed, as well as innovations in
Institute of Physics (2,344 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Institute of Physics (IOP) is a UK-based learned society and professional body that works to advance physics education, research and application. It
Optical coherence tomography (7,371 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
coherence length of the light source and the latter being a function of the optics. The axial resolution of OCT is defined as where λ 0 {\displaystyle \lambda
Laboratory for Electro-Optics Systems (210 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
for Electro-Optics Systems is a research lab belonging to Indian Space Research Organisation. It involves in design and development of optics and sensor
Spontaneous parametric down-conversion (1,371 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
law of conservation of momentum. It is an important process in quantum optics, for the generation of entangled photon pairs, and of single photons. Play
Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (1,157 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Max-Planck-Institute for Quantum Optics (abbreviation: MPQ; German: Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik) is a part of the Max Planck Society which
Laser (11,369 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
13, 2009). Handbook of Optics, Third Edition Volume V: Atmospheric Optics, Modulators, Fiber Optics, X-Ray and Neutron Optics. McGraw Hill Professional
Neuro-ophthalmology (1,093 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Neuro-ophthalmology is an academically-oriented subspecialty that merges the fields of neurology and ophthalmology, often dealing with complex systemic
Orbital angular momentum multiplexing (2,501 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
larger number of channels, subject only to the constraints of real-world optics.[citation needed] As of 2013[update], although OAM multiplexing promises
Phase space (1,811 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
extensively used in nonimaging optics, the branch of optics devoted to illumination. It is also an important concept in Hamiltonian optics. In classical statistical
Specular reflection (1,585 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
interfaces in an analogous fashion to x-ray reflectivity. Geometric optics Hamiltonian optics Reflection coefficient Reflection (mathematics) Specular highlight
Fiber laser (2,787 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
2015). "Ultrafast laser processing of materials: a review". Advances in Optics and Photonics. 7 (4): 684–712. Bibcode:2015AdOP....7..684P. doi:10.1364/AOP
Fiber-optic communication (7,172 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
second using fiber-optic communication. First developed in the 1970s, fiber-optics have revolutionized the telecommunications industry and have played a major
NuSTAR (2,165 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
employ grazing incidence optics to be able to focus X-rays. For this two conical approximation Wolter telescope design optics with 10.15 metres (33.3 ft)
Wuhan Optics Valley F.C. (1,454 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Wuhan Optics Valley Football Club (simplified Chinese: 武汉光谷; traditional Chinese: 武漢光谷; pinyin: Wǔhàn Guānggǔ) is a defunct football club that was located
Ritchey–Chrétien telescope (2,040 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
telescope-optics.net. Notes on amateur telescope optics. Retrieved 2010-04-24. Rutten, Harrie; van Venrooij, Martin (2002). Telescope Optics. Willmann-Bell
Radiation pattern (2,072 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
antenna or other source. Particularly in the fields of fiber optics, lasers, and integrated optics, the term radiation pattern may also be used as a synonym
Optical coating (1,929 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
while the fastest growing one is fiber optics & telecommunication combined. Hecht, Eugene. Chapter 9, Optics, 2nd ed. (1990), Addison Wesley. ISBN 0-201-11609-X
Photometry (optics) (1,816 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
quantities are denoted with suffix "Ω" (Greek). Michael Bass (ed.), Handbook of Optics Volume II - Devices, Measurements and Properties, 2nd Ed., McGraw-Hill 1995
Fiber-optic cable (3,082 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
All-dielectric self-supporting OSP: Fiber optic cable, outside plant MDU: Fiber optics cable, multiple dwelling unit The jacket material is application-specific
Rayleigh scattering (2,736 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
papers; see Works. Young, Andrew T (1981). "Rayleigh scattering". Applied Optics. 20 (4): 533–5. Bibcode:1981ApOpt..20..533Y. doi:10.1364/AO.20.000533. PMID 20309152
Scattering theory (1,366 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Netherlands 2006 Media related to Scattering theory at Wikimedia Commons Optics Classification and Indexing Scheme (OCIS), Optical Society of America, 1997
Amnon Yariv (330 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
crystals and nonlinear and phase-conjugate optics, and his demonstration of semiconductor-based integrated optics technology leading to the development of
Optical tweezers (8,041 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
nanochemistry (to study and build materials from single molecules), quantum optics and quantum optomechanics (to study the interaction of single particles
Brewster's angle (1,490 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(June 1989). "Would Brewster recognize today's Brewster angle?" (PDF). Optics News. 15 (6): 14–18. doi:10.1364/ON.15.6.000014. See: Malus (1809) "Sur
Pinhole camera (2,586 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
context of optics was found in James Ferguson's 1764 book Lectures on select subjects in mechanics, hydrostatics, pneumatics, and optics. The first known
Girish Saran Agarwal (882 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
recognized leader in the field of quantum optics and also has made major contributions to the fields of nonlinear optics, nanophotonics and plasmonics. In 2013
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (4,860 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
School of Optics and Photonics. "Home « EuroPhotonics". www.europhotonics.org. Retrieved 26 December 2017. "KIT - Karlsruhe School of Optics & Photonics
Trams in Wuhan (714 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Wuhan is the Auto-city T1 Line, which began on July 28, 2017. Subsequently, Optics Valley tram started revenue service from April 1, 2018. Auto-city T1 line
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (4,860 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
School of Optics and Photonics. "Home « EuroPhotonics". www.europhotonics.org. Retrieved 26 December 2017. "KIT - Karlsruhe School of Optics & Photonics
Iran Electronics Industries (648 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
It is a diversified organization with operations in electronics, optics, electro-optics, communications, computer and semiconductors. IEI was established
Red dot sight (2,162 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
design uses a red light-emitting diode (LED) at the focus of collimating optics which generates a dot-style illuminated reticle that stays in alignment
Tessar (1,639 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
design patent was held by Zeiss for two decades, and licensed to Ross (optics) in the United Kingdom, Bausch & Lomb in the United States and to Krauss
Wedge prism (1,116 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
though high-precision optics, such as optical flats, may be lapped and polished to extremely high levels of parallelism, nearly all optics with parallel faces
Backscatter (902 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
medium (Brillouin scattering and Raman scattering), important in fiber optics, see below; Elastic collisions between accelerated ions and a sample (Rutherford
Telescope (2,577 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(0.003 mm) to 180 μm (0.18 mm) uses a mirror (reflecting optics). Also using reflecting optics, the Hubble Space Telescope with Wide Field Camera 3 can
Modulational instability (1,727 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
In the fields of nonlinear optics and fluid dynamics, modulational instability or sideband instability is a phenomenon whereby deviations from a periodic
Sonatel (175 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
telecommunications. The company is involved in the construction of fiber optics networks in Africa and manages 2,200 kilometers of fiber cable in Senegal
TRACE (391 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
by a consortium led by Lockheed Martin's Advanced Technology Center. The optics were designed and built to a state-of-the-art surface finish by the Smithsonian
Light beam (401 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Association (IrDA) standards Infrared remote control Security alarms Fibre optics Laser pointer Laser sight List of applications for lasers Beam diameter
Phased-array optics (752 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Phased-array optics is the technology of controlling the phase and amplitude of light waves transmitting, reflecting, or captured (received) by a two-dimensional
Fresnel imager (853 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ultra-lightweight design for a space telescope that uses a Fresnel array as primary optics instead of a typical lens. It focuses light with a thin opaque foil sheet
Pentax (1,639 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
company Ricoh for DSLR cameras, lenses, sport optics (including binoculars and rifle scopes), and CCTV optics. The Pentax brand is also used by Hoya Corporation
Alhazen's problem (789 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
as Alhazen's billiard problem, is a mathematical problem in geometrical optics first formulated by Ptolemy in 150 AD. It is named for the 11th-century
Waveguide (optics) (1,520 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
"Dielectric rectangular waveguide and directional coupler for integrated optics". Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48 (7): 2071–2102. doi:10.1002/j.1538-7305.1969.tb01166
Advanced Telescope for High Energy Astrophysics (2,367 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
arcseconds at 30 arcminutes off-axis. The mirror is based on ESA's Silicon Pore Optics (SPO) technology. SPO provides an excellent ratio of collecting area to
Projection (439 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Projection, projections or projective may refer to: The display of images by a projector Map projection, reducing the surface of a three-dimensional planet
Quantum metrology (1,275 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Heisenberg-limited parameter estimation" (PDF). Journal of Optics B: Quantum and Semiclassical Optics. IOP Publishing. 6 (8): S811–S815. arXiv:quant-ph/0402083
Johnson & Johnson Vision (901 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Medical Optics changed its name to Johnson & Johnson Vision following its $4.3 billion acquisition by Johnson & Johnson. American Medical Optics (AMO),
Information Age (4,024 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
communication technology (ICT)—i.e. computers, computerized machinery, fiber optics, communication satellites, the Internet, and other ICT tools—became a significant
Ibn Sahl (mathematician) (849 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Muslim scholar known to have studied Ptolemy's Optics, and as such an important precursor to the Book of Optics by Ibn Al-Haytham (Alhazen), written some thirty
X-ray telescope (976 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
balloons or artificial satellites. The basic elements of the telescope are the optics (focusing or collimating), that collects the radiation entering the telescope
FOXSI Sounding Rocket (426 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Focusing Optics X-ray Solar Imager, or FOXSI, is a sounding rocket payload built by UC Berkeley and led by Säm Krucker to test high energy grazing-incidence
Light tube (3,420 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
governing the flow of light through these devices are those of nonimaging optics. Manufacturing custom designed Infrared light pipes, hollow waveguides and
Astigmatism (3,483 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
properties. In some people, the external optics may have the greater influence, and in other people, the internal optics may predominate. Importantly, the axes
Fresnel equations (7,892 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Hamilton's diabolical point at the heart of crystal optics", in E. Wolf (ed.), Progress in Optics, vol. 50, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2007, pp. 13–50, at p
Optometry (6,677 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
traced back to the early studies on optics and image formation by the eye. The origins of optical science (optics, as taught in a basic physics class)
Erbium (2,631 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
mechanically simple laser optical amplifier for signals transmitted by fiber optics. The 1550 nm wavelength is especially important for optical communications
E. C. George Sudarshan (1,919 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
contribution to the field of quantum optics. His theorem proves the equivalence of classical wave optics to quantum optics. The theorem makes use of the Sudarshan
Proceedings of the Institution of Electrical Engineers (667 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
H (Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation) IEE Proceedings H (Microwaves, Optics and Antennas) IEE Proceedings I (Communications, Speech and Vision) IEE
Lenticular lens (1,423 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
2016. Retrieved 25 May 2017. DIY Printed Holographic Display (Lenticular Optics Explained), retrieved 8 May 2021 Jalie, Mo (2003). Ophthalmic Lenses and
Sunbeam (611 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
A sunbeam, in meteorological optics, is a beam of sunlight that appears to radiate from the Sun's position. Shining through openings in clouds or between
Telus TV (441 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
clients, with FTTN implementations using telephone lines instead of fibre optics for a portion of the connection. Telus launched IPTV service in November
GEO600 (2,602 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics and the Leibniz Universität Hannover, along with University of Glasgow,
ITMO University (9,290 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
University's birthday is considered to be 26 March 1900, when a Mechanics, Optics and Watchmaking Department was opened in the Prince Nicholas Vocational
Rajiah Simon (122 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
pioneering work in Quantum optics. Simon and collaborators initiated the "Quantum theory of charged-particle beam optics", by working out the focusing
Blur (293 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Blur may refer to: Bokeh, the aesthetic quality of the out-of-focus parts of an image Box blur, a graphic-art effect Defocus aberration, blurring of an
Germanium (6,515 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
germanium. Presently, the major end uses are fibre-optic systems, infrared optics, solar cell applications, and light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Germanium compounds
Wuhan F.C. (1,304 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
2009 after the withdrawal and then dissolution of its predecessor Wuhan Optics Valley from the league after the club had a dispute with the Chinese Football
Magenta (2,388 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(through its secondary sensitivity) cones but little to no M stimulus. In optics, fuchsia and magenta are the same color. The web colors fuchsia and magenta
Hubble Space Telescope (17,478 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
spherical aberration that compromised the telescope's capabilities. The optics were corrected to their intended quality by a servicing mission in 1993
Nicolaas Bloembergen (1,993 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
recognized for his work in developing driving principles behind nonlinear optics for laser spectroscopy. During his career, he was a professor at Harvard
Ernst Ruska (483 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1986 for his work in electron optics, including the design of the first electron microscope. Ernst Ruska was
Linear optical quantum computing (3,804 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Linear Optical Quantum Computing or Linear Optics Quantum Computation (LOQC) is a paradigm of quantum computation, allowing (under certain conditions,
Paraxial approximation (303 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
In geometric optics, the paraxial approximation is a small-angle approximation used in Gaussian optics and ray tracing of light through an optical system
Quantum dynamics (255 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
is relevant for burgeoning fields, such as quantum computing and atomic optics. In mathematics, quantum dynamics is the study of the mathematics behind
Mass-to-charge ratio (2,350 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
used in the electrodynamics of charged particles, e.g. in electron optics and ion optics. It appears in the scientific fields of electron microscopy, cathode
Timeline of scientific discoveries (9,997 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the camera obscura phenomenon. c. 300 BC: Euclid's Optics introduces the field of geometric optics, making basic considerations on the sizes of images
ESO 3.6 m Telescope (885 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
scientific achievements and presented ADONIS, one of the first adaptive optics system available to the astronomical community in the 1980s. Since April
Beer–Lambert law (4,643 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
analysis measurements and used in understanding attenuation in physical optics, for photons, neutrons, or rarefied gases. In mathematical physics, this
Fibre-optic gyroscope (599 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
interference pattern which is measured photometrically. Beam splitting optics split light from a laser diode (or other laser light source) into two waves
Attenuation (2,600 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in a rapid decrease in the interaction with matter. Attenuation in fiber optics, also known as transmission loss, is the reduction in intensity of the light
Euskaltel (287 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
depicts a stylized orange-coloured butterfly. Euskatel operates a fibre optics network within the region, laid in collaboration with the Basque gas company
Sun dog (2,574 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Atmospheric Optics. Retrieved 16 May 2017. "Sundog formation". Atmospheric Optics. Retrieved 16 May 2017. "Sundog Colours". Atmospheric Optics. Retrieved
Ellen Ochoa (1,431 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ellen Ochoa (born May 10, 1958) is an American engineer, former astronaut and former director of the Johnson Space Center. In 1993 Ochoa became the first
New England College of Optometry (172 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the United States. It was originally established as the Klein School of Optics in 1894 by Dr. August Andreas Klein, an ophthalmologist. The college moved
Safilo Group (895 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
under its own five house brands and 32 licensed brands, including Smith Optics who make military grade eyewear. Their products are manufactured in their
Objective (105 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Objective may refer to: Objective (optics), an element in a camera or microscope The Objective, a 2008 science fiction horror film Objective pronoun, a
Networking cables (705 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Networking cables are networking hardware used to connect one network device to other network devices or to connect two or more computers to share printers
Active optics (1,037 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Active optics is a technology used with reflecting telescopes developed in the 1980s, which actively shapes a telescope's mirrors to prevent deformation
Zinc sulfide (976 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
sulfide can be transparent, and it is used as a window for visible optics and infrared optics. ZnS exists in two main crystalline forms, and this dualism is
Cable jetting (829 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Cable jetting is a technique to install cables in ducts. It is commonly used to install cables with optical fibers in underground polyethylene ducts and
Very Large Telescope (5,067 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and high-resolution imaging. In particular, the VLT has several adaptive optics systems, which correct for the effects of atmospheric turbulence, providing
Fujifilm X-mount (3,178 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
lenses, Carl Zeiss AG (Touit lenses), Samyang Optics, Handevision, SLR Magic, Viltrox and Zhongyi Optics. Additionally, a host of adapters for a range
Field (647 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Field may refer to: Field (agriculture), an area of land used for agricultural purposes Airfield, an aerodrome that lacks the infrastructure of an airport
Tyndall effect (1,072 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Tyndall effect is light scattering by particles in a colloid or in a very fine suspension. Also known as Tyndall scattering, it is similar to Rayleigh
3D optical data storage (4,096 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
involves nonlinear data reading and writing methods, in particular nonlinear optics. 3D optical data storage is related to (and competes with) holographic data
Dysnomia (moon) (1,533 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
was discovered in 2005 by Mike Brown and the laser guide star adaptive optics team at the W. M. Keck Observatory, and carried the provisional designation
Ian Walmsley (336 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of the Royal Society in 2012 for his contributions to quantum optics and ultrafast optics, including his development of the spectral phase interferometry
Multiple-prism grating laser oscillator (882 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
oscillator, Appl. Opt. 37, 3987–3989 (1998). F. J. Duarte, Tunable Laser Optics, 2nd Ed. (CRC, New York, 2015). F. J. Duarte, Multiple-prism grating solid-state
Peter Zoller (1,712 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Austria. He is Professor at the University of Innsbruck and works on quantum optics and quantum information and is best known for his pioneering research on
Corrective Optics Space Telescope Axial Replacement (1,475 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Corrective Optics Space Telescope Axial Replacement (COSTAR) is an optical correction instrument designed and built by NASA. It was created to correct
Photonic integrated circuit (1,023 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Derstine, M. (1987). "Architectural issues in designing symbolic processors in optics". Proceedings of the 14th annual international symposium on Computer architecture
Peter Zoller (1,712 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Austria. He is Professor at the University of Innsbruck and works on quantum optics and quantum information and is best known for his pioneering research on
Fujifilm X-mount (3,178 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
lenses, Carl Zeiss AG (Touit lenses), Samyang Optics, Handevision, SLR Magic, Viltrox and Zhongyi Optics. Additionally, a host of adapters for a range
Soliton (3,283 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
these three properties (for instance, the 'light bullets' of nonlinear optics are often called solitons despite losing energy during interaction). Dispersion
Prime lens (800 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(PDF). ISCO Precision Optics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-10-19. Retrieved 2007-11-19. "Variable Prime". Schneider Optics. Retrieved 2007-11-19
Ørgreen Optics (237 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Ørgreen Optics is a Danish eyewear company based in Copenhagen. They are most commonly known for their colour combinations, Danish design and Japanese-made
Astigmatism (optical systems) (1,912 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
certain types of telescope. Some telescopes deliberately use non-spherical optics to overcome this phenomenon.[why?][failed verification] In the analysis
Zoom (516 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Zoom may refer to: Zoom (software), videoconferencing application Page zooming, the ability to magnify or shrink a portion of a page on a computer display
Endomicroscopy (1,691 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
from the source through an optical fibre to a flexible hand-held probe. Optics in the probe focus the laser to a spot in the tissue, exciting fluorescence
Fast Ethernet (2,377 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
distances up to 40 km over a pair of single-mode fibers due to higher quality optics than a LX10, running on 1310 nm wavelength lasers. 100BASE-EX is not a formal
Narasimhaiengar Mukunda (782 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
polarization optics", Pramana 32(6): 769–92. 1989: Mukunda and collaborators initiated the "Quantum theory of charged-particle beam optics" by working
Hermann A. Haus (399 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
major conference and symposium on laser and quantum electronics and quantum optics around the world. He was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1995 and
KLM protocol (3,034 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Utilizing encoding in scalable linear optics quantum computing". Journal of Optics B: Quantum and Semiclassical Optics. IOP Publishing. 6 (12): 533–541.
Confocal microscopy (4,817 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
genetics to microbiology and developmental biology. It is also used in quantum optics and nano-crystal imaging and spectroscopy. Clinically, CLSM is used in the
Robert L. Byer (695 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
University. He has conducted research and taught classes in lasers and nonlinear optics at Stanford University since 1969. He has made numerous contributions to
Wuhandong railway station (273 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"武汉东站基本建成,地铁19号线首站主体完工——立体交通格局纵横中国光谷". "Optics Valley Railway Station breaks ground". hubei.gov.cn. 2015-07-29. Retrieved 2020-09-11. "Optics Valley Railway Station to
2018 Wheelchair Basketball World Championship (373 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The 2018 Wheelchair Basketball World Championship was held at the Edel-optics.de Arena in Hamburg, Germany, from 16 to 26 August 2018. Both men's and women's
Saturated spectroscopy (186 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Saturated spectroscopy is the method by which the exact energy of the hyperfine transitions within an atom can be found. When a monochromatic light is
Electrostatic lens (1,087 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Charged Particle Optics, Second Edition. CRC Press. ISBN 978-1-4200-4555-0. A El-Kareh (2 December 2012). Electron Beams, Lenses, and Optics. Elsevier Science
FEI Company (811 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1973. In 1978, Dr. J.H. Orloff, a research specialist in electrostatic optics for field emission ion and electron sources, joined the company as its fourth
Samsung SGH-G600 (69 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
country of purchase, and is the fourth phone released to have Schneider Kreuznach Optics. Product page at Samsung.com *: Upcoming phones for 20xx v t e
2016 Wuhan Open (365 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Premier 5 tournaments of the 2016 WTA Tour. The tournament was held at the Optics Valley International Tennis Center in Wuhan, China. Rankings are as of September
Roy J. Glauber (1,085 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
bulbs (see blackbody). His theories are widely used in the field of quantum optics. In statistical physics he pioneered the study of the dynamics of first-order
Telescopic sight (9,776 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
radioactive decay. With fiber optics ambient (day)light can be collected and directed to an illuminated daytime reticle. Fiber-optics reticles automatically
Quantum amplifier (1,807 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kouznetsov; D. Rohrlich (1997). "Quantum noise in the mapping of phase space". Optics and Spectroscopy. 82 (6): 909–913. Bibcode:1997OptSp..82..909K. Kim M. S
Four-wave mixing (1,213 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Four-wave mixing (FWM) is an intermodulation phenomenon in non-linear optics, whereby interactions between two or three wavelengths produce two or one
Optometry and Vision Science (226 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Optometry in 1941, then to the American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics in 1974, before obtaining its current title in 1989. The editor-in-chief
Thomas William Webb (531 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
editions have become collectors items and are quite rare. Webb also wrote Optics Without Mathematics (1883) and The Sun: A Familiar Description of His Phenomena
Bond albedo (621 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Bond albedo (or spheric albedo or planetary albedo or bolometric albedo), named after the American astronomer George Phillips Bond (1825–1865), who
Argus laser (746 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
can easily exceed the optical damage threshold of laser glass and other optics, severely damaging them by creating pits, cracks and grey tracks through
DBSCAN (3,177 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
this distance of each other. Alternatively, an OPTICS plot can be used to choose ε, but then the OPTICS algorithm itself can be used to cluster the data
Steady state (1,422 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
adjustment and regulation mechanisms make homeostasis possible. In fiber optics, "steady state" is a synonym for equilibrium mode distribution. Attractor
Theodor W. Hänsch (984 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Hänsch is Director of the Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik (quantum optics) and Professor of experimental physics and laser spectroscopy at the Ludwig-Maximilians
Iowa Communications Network (1,104 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Iowa Communications Network (ICN) is a state-administered fiber optics network designed to provide equal access to Iowans with modern telecommunication
Samsung SGH-G600 (69 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
country of purchase, and is the fourth phone released to have Schneider Kreuznach Optics. Product page at Samsung.com *: Upcoming phones for 20xx v t e
Huawei P40 (1,165 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
can only charge wirelessly at 27 W. The Huawei P40 series features Leica optics, and the wide lens on all models is a new "Ultra Vision" 50 MP sensor. Like
2016 Wuhan Open (365 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Premier 5 tournaments of the 2016 WTA Tour. The tournament was held at the Optics Valley International Tennis Center in Wuhan, China. Rankings are as of September
Saturated spectroscopy (186 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Saturated spectroscopy is the method by which the exact energy of the hyperfine transitions within an atom can be found. When a monochromatic light is
Microlens (2,171 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
integrated circuit industry, such as wafer-level optics. The study of such diffracting lenses is known as binary optics. Micro-lenses in recent imaging chips have
Bruker (1,478 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Scientific Instruments (Bruker AXS, Bruker BioSpin, Bruker Daltonics and Bruker Optics) and Bruker Energy & Supercon Technologies (BEST) divisions. In April 2010
Cleomedes (663 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
This article concerns the Greek astronomer. For the article on the lunar crater named for him, see Cleomedes (crater). Cleomedes (Greek: Κλεομήδης) was
Samsung i8510 Innov8 (316 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
camera (which its name refers to) with Dual LED and Schneider-Kreuznach optics. In addition to offering e-mail, web browsing, local Wi-Fi connectivity
Cartosat-1 (744 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Cartosat-1 (formerly IRS-P5) is a stereoscopic Earth observation satellite in a Sun-synchronous orbit, and the first one of the Cartosat series of satellites
Euler spiral (2,308 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
design of roads List of spirals Track transition curve Eugene Hecht (1998). Optics (3rd ed.). Addison-Wesley. p. 491. ISBN 978-0-201-30425-1. Kohtoku, M.;
List of photographic equipment makers (1,973 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Yi Optics Nikon Noblex Olympus Panasonic Panon (see Widelux) Pentax Phase One Plaubel Polaroid Profoto Ricoh Rodenstock Ross Samsung Samyang Optics (Samyang
2017 Wuhan Open (252 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Premier 5 tournaments of the 2017 WTA Tour. The tournament was held at the Optics Valley International Tennis Center in Wuhan, China. Rankings are as of September
Deconvolution (1,786 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
similar results. The technique is closely related to linear prediction. In optics and imaging, the term "deconvolution" is specifically used to refer to the
Radius of curvature (optics) (448 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
the right radius of curvature is negative. Note however that in areas of optics other than design, other sign conventions are sometimes used. In particular
2014 Wuhan Open (303 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of the WTA Premier 5 series of the 2014 WTA Tour. It took place at the Optics Valley International Tennis Center in Wuhan, China between 21 and 27 September
Inelastic scattering (586 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In chemistry, nuclear physics, and particle physics, inelastic scattering is a fundamental scattering process in which the kinetic energy of an incident
Time reversibility (887 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A mathematical or physical process is time-reversible if the dynamics of the process remain well-defined when the sequence of time-states is reversed.
Filter (712 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Filter, filtering or filters may refer to: Filter (chemistry), a device which separates solids from fluids (liquids or gases) by adding a medium through
John Tyndall Award (493 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
significant, or continuing technical or leadership contributions to fiber optics technology". The award is named after John Tyndall (1820-1893), who demonstrated
Interferometry (10,482 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
an important investigative technique in the fields of astronomy, fiber optics, engineering metrology, optical metrology, oceanography, seismology, spectroscopy
2019 Wuhan Open (293 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Premier 5 tournaments of the 2019 WTA Tour. The tournament was held at the Optics Valley International Tennis Center in Wuhan, China. Rankings are as of September
List of physics awards (184 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Medal and Prize Distinguished research in atomic physics (including quantum optics) or molecular physics Institute of Physics Michael Faraday Medal and Prize
Fresnel lens (6,136 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
may be used as components of Köhler illumination optics resulting in very effective nonimaging optics Fresnel-Köhler (FK) solar concentrators. Linear A
2018 Wuhan Open (238 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Premier 5 tournaments of the 2018 WTA Tour. The tournament was held at the Optics Valley International Tennis Center in Wuhan, China. Rankings are as of September
Stop (630 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Stop may refer to: Stop, Kentucky, an unincorporated community in the United States Stop (Rogatica), a village in Rogatica, Republika Srpska, Bosnia and
Boson sampling (6,930 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
says that linear optics with adaptive measurements is universal for the class BQP. It also relies on the following facts: Linear optics with postselected
Lambertian reflectance (641 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Lambertian reflectance is the property that defines an ideal "matte" or diffusely reflecting surface. The apparent brightness of a Lambertian surface to
HAT-P-6 (710 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
brighter than the Sun. A search for a binary companion star using adaptive optics at the MMT Observatory turned out negative. The name Sterrennacht (Starry
Optical lattice (2,266 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
optical lattice with tunable spacing: transport and static properties". Optics Express. 13 (11): 4303–4313. arXiv:cond-mat/0505029. Bibcode:2005OExpr.
Astronomical interferometer (2,569 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fraction of a wavelength over long optical paths, requiring very precise optics. Practical infrared and optical astronomical interferometers have only recently
Extremely Large Telescope (4,691 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
2 m (14 ft) diameter secondary mirror, and will be supported by adaptive optics, eight laser guide star units and multiple large science instruments. The
Double-slit experiment (6,530 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
FA and White HE, Fundamentals of Optics, 1967, McGraw Hill, New York Longhurst RS, Physical and Geometrical Optics, 1967, 2nd Edition, Longmans Rovelli
IPSC Danish Handgun Championship (263 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Production, Standard og Production Optics 2018". Retrieved February 26, 2020. "DM IPSC, Revolver, Classic, Production Optics Light, Standard 2019". Retrieved
2015 Wuhan Open (433 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
tournament was the 2nd edition of the Wuhan Open. The tournament was held at the Optics Valley International Tennis Center in Wuhan, China. Rankings are as of September
Reflecting telescope (3,798 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
image forming optics. The idea that curved mirrors behave like lenses dates back at least to Alhazen's 11th century treatise on optics, works that had
List of physics journals (876 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Neurophotonics Optica Optical Engineering Optics Communications Optics Express Optics Letters Progress in Optics Computational Materials Science Computer
Signal reflection (471 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Signal reflection occurs when a signal is transmitted along a transmission medium, such as a copper cable or an optical fiber. Some of the signal power
Zone plate (1,274 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Williams (1911), Physical Optics, New York: The MacMillan Company, pp. 37–39 "Zone Plates". X-Ray Data Booklet. Center for X-ray Optics and Advanced Light Source
ChromaDepth (851 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
patented system from the company Chromatek (a subsidiary of American Paper Optics since 2002) that produces a stereoscopic effect based upon differences in
PLATO (spacecraft) (1,315 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars (PLATO) is a space telescope under development by the European Space Agency for launch in 2026. The mission
100 Gigabit Ethernet (6,892 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
25 Gbit/s optics (100GBASE-LR4 and 100GBASE-ER4) and the 10 km 40 Gbit/s objective with four wavelengths (around 1310 nm) of 10 Gbit/s optics (40GBASE-LR4)
Exploration of Neptune (1,962 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Telescope and, more importantly, ground-based telescopes[which?] using adaptive optics.[citation needed] After Voyager 2 visited Saturn successfully, it was decided
List of Institution of Engineering and Technology academic journals (455 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
IEE Journal on Electronic Circuits and Systems IEE Journal on Microwaves, Optics and Acoustics IEE Journal on Solid-State and Electron Devices IEE Proceedings
Optics Valley Square station (142 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Optics Valley Square Station (Chinese: 光谷广场站) is an station of Line 2 of the Wuhan Metro. It served as the southeastern terminus of the line until February
Xiaowei Zhuang (1,528 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Xiaowei Zhuang (simplified Chinese: 庄小威; traditional Chinese: 莊小威; pinyin: Zhuāng Xiǎowēi; born January 1972) is a Chinese-American biophysicist who is
Large Latin American Millimeter Array (1,435 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Large Latin American Millimeter Array (LLAMA) is a single-dish 12 m Nasmyth optics antenna which is under construction in the Puna de Atacama desert in the
International Electrotechnical Commission (1,464 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
distribution to home appliances and office equipment, semiconductors, fibre optics, batteries, solar energy, nanotechnology and marine energy as well as many
List of Institution of Engineering and Technology academic journals (455 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
IEE Journal on Electronic Circuits and Systems IEE Journal on Microwaves, Optics and Acoustics IEE Journal on Solid-State and Electron Devices IEE Proceedings
Rumford Medal (691 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polarized Light, and for his various important discoveries in Physical Optics" 1826 No award — — — 1828 No award — — — 1830 No award — — — 1832 John Frederic
Solid-state laser (1,197 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
erbium-doped waveguide lasers using distributed Bragg reflector cavities". Optics Letters. 41 (6): 1189–1192. Bibcode:2016OptL...41.1189S. doi:10.1364/OL
Raymond Wilson (physicist) (462 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
2018) was an English physicist and telescope optics designer, best known for pioneering the use of active optics in large telescopes. Wilson's first degree
Intensity (335 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Intensity may refer to: Strength (disambiguation) Amplitude Level (disambiguation) Magnitude (disambiguation) Intensity (physics), power per unit area
Raman scattering (4,060 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
List of surface analysis methods National Science Day (India) Nonlinear optics Raman laser Raman spectroscopy Resonance Raman spectroscopy (RR) Scattering
MGM-157 EFOGM (190 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
developed for the U.S. Army during the 1980s and 1990s to test the use of fibre optics in missiles. The missile was launched vertically and manually controlled
Mullard Space Science Laboratory (1,329 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
co-ordinates Postgraduate training for a number of Faraday Partnerships. The Smart Optics Faraday Partnership is an active network of more than 100 businesses and
Anurag Sharma (physicist) (1,802 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
books viz. Guided Wave Optics: Selected Topics, Understanding Fiber Optics on a PC, International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics: Selected
List of largest optical reflecting telescopes (1,570 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
stable atmosphere and favorable climate conditions, and active optics and adaptive optics to correct for much of atmospheric turbulence allow the largest
Astronomical seeing (3,925 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
many large scientific ground-based optical telescopes include adaptive optics to overcome seeing. The strength of seeing is often characterized by the
Gérard Mourou (1,374 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Electronics Award 2005 – Willis E. Lamb Award for Laser Science and Quantum Optics 2009 – Charles Hard Townes Award by the OSA 2016 – Frederic Ives Medal 2018
Diaphragm (192 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
diaphragm, a thin sheet of muscle between the thorax and the abdomen Diaphragm (optics), a stop in the light path of a lens, having an aperture that regulates
Kerr effect (2,198 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Nonlinear refraction measurements of materials using the moiré deflectometry"". Optics Communications. 357: 200–201. Bibcode:2015OptCo.357..200R. doi:10.1016/j
Wavenumber (1,618 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
reciprocal space. Wave numbers and wave vectors play an essential role in optics and the physics of wave scattering, such as X-ray diffraction, neutron diffraction
W. M. Keck Observatory (1,869 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
that allowed the construction of the Keck telescopes was the use of active optics to operate smaller mirror segments as a single, contiguous mirror. A mirror
Thin-film interference (3,416 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
interference spectroscopy Thin-film optics Transfer-matrix method (optics) Stavenga, D. G. (2014). "Thin Film and Multilayer Optics Cause Structural Colors of
Aerial perspective (775 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Vinci to portray what was observed in nature and evident in his interest in optics. (One caution: in common speech, the words perspective and viewpoint tend
Computer-generated holography (2,331 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
adjustable phase and brightness. Such displays have been called phased array optics. Further progress in nanotechnology is required to build them. Currently
Coherence length (715 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Estimation of longitudinal resolution in optical coherence imaging". Applied Optics. 41 (25): 5256–5262. doi:10.1364/ao.41.005256. PMID 12211551. equation 8
Local outlier factor (1,498 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
with respect to its neighbours. LOF shares some concepts with DBSCAN and OPTICS such as the concepts of "core distance" and "reachability distance", which
Leica (104 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Leitz GmbH (later Wild Leitz AG): Leica Camera AG, a German camera and optics manufacturer Leica Geosystems AG, a Swiss manufacturer of surveying and
SeaChanger Color Engine (399 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
that it is placed directly in front of the source, or lamp and before any optics or beam shaping devices. Inside the unit, four micro-lithographed dichroic
Giant Magellan Telescope (2,635 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
make use of adaptive optics. Scientists expect very high quality images due to the very large aperture and advanced adaptive optics. Image resolution should
Itajubá (661 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
on industry and agriculture. There are industries of auto parts, fiber optics, textile, electronic components, helicopters (Helibrás), and military weapons
Ernst Leitz GmbH (760 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
four independent companies: Leica Camera, manufacturer of camera and sport optics equipment Leica Geosystems, manufacturer of geodetic equipment Leica Microsystems
Optics Valley Square station (142 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Optics Valley Square Station (Chinese: 光谷广场站) is an station of Line 2 of the Wuhan Metro. It served as the southeastern terminus of the line until February
Coherence length (715 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Estimation of longitudinal resolution in optical coherence imaging". Applied Optics. 41 (25): 5256–5262. doi:10.1364/ao.41.005256. PMID 12211551. equation 8
Ernst Leitz GmbH (760 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
four independent companies: Leica Camera, manufacturer of camera and sport optics equipment Leica Geosystems, manufacturer of geodetic equipment Leica Microsystems
Scintillation (physics) (810 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Scintillation is a flash of light produced in a transparent material by the passage of a particle (an electron, an alpha particle, an ion, or a high-energy
Solid-state lighting (438 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
LEDs may be done most effectively by using the principles of nonimaging optics. Solid-state lighting has made significant advances in industry. In the
Neptune (11,571 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Hubble Space Telescope and large ground-based telescopes with adaptive optics has recently allowed for additional detailed observations from afar. Like
EPB (650 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
EPB, formerly known as the Electric Power Board of Chattanooga, is an American electric power distribution and telecommunications company owned by the
Focal cloud (340 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
A focal cloud is the collection of focal points of an imperfect lens or parabolic reflector whether optical, electrostatic or electromagnetic. This includes
Canon EF 400mm lens (337 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
lenses that make use of diffractive optics (the other is the EF 70–300mm f/4.5–5.6 DO IS USM). The use of diffractive optics allows the lens to be significantly
DxO (679 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
which has been spun out from DxO. DxO Analyzer includes modules for testing optics, sensors, stabilization, video, timing, and 3D features. The DxO ONE is
GSG 9 (3,732 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
different optics. Heckler & Koch MP7 A2 personal defense weapon May be fitted with the Rheinmetall LLM Vario-Ray and various different optics. Steyr AUG
Fiberscope (830 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
human body. Guiding of light by refraction, the principle that makes fiber optics possible, was first demonstrated by Daniel Colladon and Jacques Babinet
10 Gigabit Ethernet (3,917 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cable can carry 10 Gigabit Ethernet 300 meters using low cost 10GBASE-SR optics. OM4 can manage 400 meters. To distinguish SMF from MMF cables, SMF cables
Southern Astrophysical Research Telescope (447 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
from 10 to 30 percent of the observing time. The telescope uses active optics on its primary and secondary mirrors to attain median image quality 0.7
Sfumato (465 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
was the most prominent practitioner of sfumato, based on his research in optics and human vision, and his experimentation with the camera obscura. He introduced
Liquid-crystal laser (1,975 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Cerqua; Marshall; Schmid; Guardalben; Skerrett (1988). "Liquid-crystal laser optics: design, fabrication, and performance". Journal of the Optical Society of
Germanium tetrachloride (439 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Germanium tetrachloride is a colourless, fuming liquid with a peculiar, acidic odour. It is used as an intermediate in the production of purified germanium
Fiber-optic display (168 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
A fiber-optic display is a light-emitting display that uses fiber optics to display images or text. Fiber-optic displays can either be static or dynamic
Dan Walls (662 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
May 1999) was a New Zealand theoretical physicist specialising in quantum optics. Walls gained a BSc in physics and mathematics and a first class honours
Supersymmetry (5,907 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
a way to address inverse scattering problems in optics and as a one-dimensional transformation optics. All stochastic (partial) differential equations
Householder transformation (1,916 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
remainder being 1 {\textstyle 1} (as in the previous point). In geometric optics, specular reflection can be expressed in terms of the Householder matrix
Anamorphic format (4,321 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
facilitates shooting at smaller apertures. The process of anamorphosing optics was developed by Henri Chrétien during World War I to provide a wide angle
Specular holography (842 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
holograms do not depend on wave optics, photographic media, or lasers. The principle of operation is purely one of geometric optics: A point light source produces
Grassmann's laws (color science) (591 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Grassmann's laws describe empirical results about how the perception of mixtures of colored lights (i.e., lights that co-stimulate the same area on the
Subaru Telescope (1,566 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fiber optics to take spectra of up to 400 objects simultaneously. Mounts at the prime focus. High-Contrast Coronographic Imager for Adaptive Optics (HiCIAO)
History of the telescope (9,090 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
century BC) followed by many centuries of writings on optics, including Ptolemy (2nd century) in his Optics, who wrote about the properties of light including
Robert D. Maurer (618 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Achievement Award, the 1987 John Tyndall Award from IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society and Optical Society of America, the 1989 Naval Research Laboratory
Wipac (240 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Optoelectronics Ltd of China, itself part of San'an Optoelectronics. The optics, eyecare and ultra brands were retained within Carclo. Competitions Commission
PerkinElmer (2,685 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
eventually came up with the idea of starting a firm to produce precision optics. Perkin raised US$15,000 from his relatives, while Elmer added US$5,000