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Longer titles found: Pathophysiology (journal) (view), Pathophysiology of HIV/AIDS (view), Pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease (view), Pathophysiology of acute respiratory distress syndrome (view), Pathophysiology of asthma (view), Pathophysiology of autism (view), Pathophysiology of heart failure (view), Pathophysiology of hypertension (view), Pathophysiology of multiple sclerosis (view), Pathophysiology of obesity (view), Pathophysiology of spider bites (view)

searching for Pathophysiology 516 found (3975 total)

alternate case: pathophysiology

Jaundice (5,098 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article

anatomical approach to heme metabolism precedes a discussion of the pathophysiology of jaundice.[citation needed] When red blood cells complete their lifespan
Nausea (3,079 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
PMID 24695505. Singh P, Yoon SS, Kuo B (January 2016). "Nausea: a review of pathophysiology and therapeutics". Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology (Review)
Portal hypertension (2,972 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
pericarditis Budd–Chiari syndrome also known as hepatic vein thrombosis The pathophysiology of cirrhotic portal hypertension is indicated by increased resistance
Rhinophyma (699 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Rhinophyma is a condition causing development of a large, bulbous nose associated with granulomatous infiltration, commonly due to untreated rosacea. The
Argyll Robertson pupil (993 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the developed world. There is continued interest in the underlying pathophysiology, but the scarcity of cases makes ongoing research difficult. The two
Osteophyte (433 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Osteophytes are exostoses (bony projections) that form along joint margins. They should not be confused with enthesophytes, which are bony projections
Parkinson's disease (17,120 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(March 2022). "Gastrointestinal involvement in Parkinson's disease: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management". npj Parkinson's Disease. 8 (1): 31. doi:10
Bartonella (1,351 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Bartonella pathophysiology in humans Species Human reservoir or incidental host? Animal reservoir Pathophysiology Distribution B. bacilliformis Reservoir
Aortic aneurysm (3,149 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
age, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and coronary artery disease. The pathophysiology of the disease is related to an initial arterial insult causing a cascade
Caseous necrosis (491 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Caseous necrosis or caseous degeneration (/ˈkeɪsiəs/) is a unique form of cell death in which the tissue maintains a cheese-like appearance. It is also
Arteriosclerosis (1,098 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Copstead-Kirkhorn, Lee-Ellen C.; Banasik, Jacquelyn L. (2014-06-25). Pathophysiology. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 322. ISBN 9780323293174. Retrieved 25
Pulmonary valve stenosis (697 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
into: valvular, external and intrinsic (when it is acquired). The pathophysiology of pulmonary valve stenosis consists of the valve leaflets becoming
Erythema induratum (290 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Erythema induratum is a panniculitis on the calves. It occurs mainly in women, but it is very rare now. Historically, when it has occurred, it has often
Perioral dermatitis (1,699 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
with the wearing of the veil in Arab women has been documented. The pathophysiology of perioral dermatitis is related to disease of the hair follicle as
Carpal tunnel syndrome (9,296 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
chronicity of the CTS pathophysiology and to distinguish treatments that can alter the natural history of the pathophysiology (disease-modifying treatments)
Hydrops fetalis (1,673 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hydrops fetalis or hydrops foetalis is a condition in the fetus characterized by an accumulation of fluid, or edema, in at least two fetal compartments
Cyanosis (1,458 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Cyanosis is the change of body tissue color to a bluish-purple hue, as a result of decrease in the amount of oxygen bound to the hemoglobin in the red
Type I hypersensitivity (881 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
A summary of the pathophysiology of a type 1 hypersensitivity reaction.
Maxillary hypoplasia (883 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Maxillary hypoplasia, or maxillary deficiency, is an underdevelopment of the bones of the upper jaw. It is associated with Crouzon syndrome, Angelman syndrome
Chills (475 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
person. Cold chill Goose bumps Night sweats Huether, Sue E. (2014). Pathophysiology: The Biologic Basis for Disease in Adults and Children (7th ed.). Elsevier
Abdominal angina (460 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
disease, particularly aortoiliac occlusive disease, may be present. The pathophysiology is similar to that seen in angina pectoris and intermittent claudication
Janeway lesion (554 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Janeway lesions are rare, non-tender, small erythematous or haemorrhagic macular, papular or nodular lesions on the palms or soles only a few millimeters
Pulmonary heart disease (1,323 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(untreated) Sickle cell anemia Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (in infants) The pathophysiology of pulmonary heart disease (cor pulmonale) has always indicated that
Keratoglobus (366 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Keratoglobus (from Greek: kerato- horn, cornea; and Latin: globus round) is a degenerative non-inflammatory disorder of the eye in which structural changes
Thrombus (2,280 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ISBN 9781455726134. OCLC 879416939. "Venous thromboembolism (VTE) | McMaster Pathophysiology Review". www.pathophys.org. 26 September 2012. Retrieved 2018-11-03
Pseudobulbar palsy (713 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pseudobulbar palsy is a medical condition characterized by the inability to control facial movements (such as chewing and speaking) and caused by a variety
Clinodactyly (499 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Clinodactyly is a medical term describing the curvature of a digit (a finger or toe) in the plane of the palm, most commonly the fifth finger (the "little
Intermediate uveitis (618 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
perivascular in nature. It is evident that genetics plays some role in the pathophysiology of intermediate uveitis, but the importance remains unclear. Pars planitis
Carcinoid syndrome (1,812 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
J.; Riechelmann, R. P. (2018). "Carcinoid syndrome: Update on the pathophysiology and treatment". Clinics (Sao Paulo, Brazil). 73 (suppl 1): e490s. doi:10
Blister (1,639 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A blister is a small pocket of body fluid (lymph, serum, plasma, blood, or pus) within the upper layers of the skin, usually caused by forceful rubbing
Rubeosis iridis (409 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Rubeosis iridis is a medical condition of the iris of the eye in which new abnormal blood vessels (formed by neovascularization) are found on the surface
Overeruption (576 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In dentistry, overeruption is the physiological movement of a tooth lacking an opposing partner in the dental occlusion. Because of the lack of opposing
Potomania (551 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
independent clinical entity because of its often chronic nature of onset, pathophysiology, and presentation of symptoms. The normal human kidney, through suppression
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (825 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
holds the granulosum and spinosum layers together, similar to the pathophysiology of the autoimmune skin disease, pemphigus vulgaris.[citation needed]
Brain ischemia (2,308 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
proteins and RNA biomarkers identified are connected to ischemic stroke pathophysiology includes Central Nervous System Tissue Injury Biomarkers- S100B, Glial
Blepharochalasis (256 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Blepharochalasis is an inflammation of the eyelid that is characterized by exacerbations and remissions of eyelid edema, which results in a stretching
Chronic pancreatitis (2,083 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1056/NEJMcp1809396. "Chronic Pancreatitis: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology". 2018-11-11. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
Tyrosinemia type II (298 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Pathophysiology of metabolic disorders of tyrosine, resulting in elevated levels of tyrosine in blood.
E-Century Publishing Corporation (156 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
e-Century Publishing Corporation is a publisher of seventeen open access scientific journals based in Madison, Wisconsin. 11 of them are indexed in the
Hypertensive retinopathy (726 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hypertensive retinopathy is damage to the retina and retinal circulation due to high blood pressure (i.e. hypertension). Most patients with hypertensive
Indigestion (3,440 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
may be similar and represent different aspects of the same pathophysiology. The pathophysiology for indigestion is not well understood; however, there are
Sinus bradycardia (578 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Sinus bradycardia is a sinus rhythm with a reduced rate of electrical discharge from the sinoatrial node, resulting in a bradycardia, a heart rate that
Common bile duct stone (1,029 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Common bile duct stone, also known as choledocholithiasis, is the presence of gallstones in the common bile duct (CBD) (thus choledocho- + lithiasis).
Pulmonary regurgitation (744 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Congenital abnormalities Tetralogy of Fallot, Prosthetic heart valve The pathophysiology is due to diastolic pressure variations between the pulmonary artery
Hematometra (480 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hematometra is a medical condition involving collection or retention of blood in the uterus. It is most commonly caused by an imperforate hymen or a transverse
Mineralocorticoid (723 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Mineralocorticoids are a class of corticosteroids, which in turn are a class of steroid hormones. Mineralocorticoids are produced in the adrenal cortex
Acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (4,062 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL) is life-threatening leukemia in which malignant megakaryoblasts proliferate abnormally and injure various tissues
XXXXY syndrome (1,166 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
49,XXXXY syndrome is an extremely rare aneuploidic sex chromosomal abnormality. It occurs in approximately 1 out of 85,000 to 100,000 males. This syndrome
Pulmonary regurgitation (744 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Congenital abnormalities Tetralogy of Fallot, Prosthetic heart valve The pathophysiology is due to diastolic pressure variations between the pulmonary artery
Viral pneumonia (1,380 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Viral pneumonia is a pneumonia caused by a virus. Pneumonia is an infection that causes inflammation in one or both of the lungs. The pulmonary alveoli
Basilar skull fracture (1,158 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A basilar skull fracture is a break of a bone in the base of the skull. Symptoms may include bruising behind the ears, bruising around the eyes, or blood
Syringoma (760 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
disorder consisting of atrophoderma vermiculata and syringomas. The pathophysiology of syringomas remains largely unknown. Familial patterns presenting
Far East scarlet-like fever (512 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Far East scarlet-like fever is an infectious disease caused by the gram negative bacillus Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. In Japan it is called Izumi fever
Adson's sign (294 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Adson's sign is the loss of the radial pulse in the arm by rotating head to the ipsilateral side with extended neck following deep inspiration. It is sometimes
Neurofibromatosis (2,336 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
which painful schwannomas develop on spinal and peripheral nerves. The pathophysiology is varied, and each NF type has a different one: Neurofibromatosis
Dysfibrinogenemia (3,248 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
specifically for "hot spot" mutations, i.e. the most common mutations (see Pathophysiology section) that comprise the large bulk of mutations in the disorder
Ischemia (2,316 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
2020-12-20. Sharfuddin, Asif A.; Molitoris, Bruce A. (April 2011). "Pathophysiology of ischemic acute kidney injury". Nature Reviews Nephrology. 7 (4):
Hypersensitivity (1,821 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
complement pathway. Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. The pathophysiology of type II hypersensitivity reactions can be broadly classified into
Myoglobinuria (545 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
type 1 Thermal or electrical burn Muscular dystrophy Myoglobinuria pathophysiology consists of a series of metabolic actions in which damage to muscle
Comedo (1,682 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of exposure to the sun, usually on the cheeks, not to acne-related pathophysiology. Using nonoily cleansers and mild soap may not cause as much irritation
Mirizzi's syndrome (624 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Mirizzi's syndrome is a rare complication in which a gallstone becomes impacted in the cystic duct or neck of the gallbladder causing compression of the
Braxton Hicks contractions (678 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Braxton Hicks contractions, also known as practice contractions or false labor, are sporadic uterine contractions that may start around six weeks into
Retinopathy (2,059 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
uptodate.com. Retrieved 2017-03-09. Porth C, Matfin G, eds. (2009-01-01). Pathophysiology : concepts of altered health states. Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott
ELK1 (2,465 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
behavior. Future research will reveal the exact role of Elk1 in the pathophysiology of depression. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000126767 - Ensembl
Glanzmann's thrombasthenia (1,027 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
model disease which paved the way to powerful therapeutic agents". Pathophysiology of Haemostasis and Thrombosis. 32 (5–6): 216–7. doi:10.1159/000073569
Dacryocystitis (416 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Dacryocystitis is an infection of the lacrimal sac, secondary to obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct at the junction of lacrimal sac. The term derives
Ketoacidosis (1,171 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
insulin and an absolute or relative lack of insulin underlies the pathophysiology of ketoacidosis. Insulin is a potent inhibitor of fatty acid release
Kussmaul's sign (338 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Kussmaul's sign is a paradoxical rise in jugular venous pressure (JVP) on inspiration, or a failure in the appropriate fall of the JVP with inspiration
Renal artery stenosis (1,088 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
high blood pressure because their RAA system is hyperactivated. The pathophysiology of renal artery stenosis leads to changes in the structure of the kidney
Rhinosporidiosis (504 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Rhinosporidiosis is an infection caused by Rhinosporidium seeberi. This organism was previously considered to be a fungus, and rhinosporidiosis is classified
Restrictive lung disease (998 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Sat Sharma, MD. Updated: Jul 27, 2009 Capriotti, Theresa (2016). Pathophysiology : introductory concepts and clinical perspectives. Frizzell, Joan Parker
Shigella sonnei (793 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Shigella sonnei is a species of Shigella. Together with Shigella flexneri, it is responsible for 90% of shigellosis cases. Shigella sonnei is named for
Focal choroidal excavation (569 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Focal choroidal excavation (FCE) is a concavity in the choroidal layer of the eye that can be detected by optical coherence tomography. The disease is
Scleritis (771 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Scleritis is a serious inflammatory disease that affects the white outer coating of the eye, known as the sclera. The disease is often contracted through
Tuberculous meningitis (1,147 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
smaller proportion get it from rupture of a bony focus in the spine. The pathophysiology of tuberculous meningitis involves bacterial invasion of the brain
Crizanlizumab (856 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"The vaso-occlusive pain crisis in sickle cell disease: Definition, pathophysiology, and management". European Journal of Haematology. 105 (3): 237–246
D-Glyceric acidemia (358 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
D-Glyceric acidemia (a.k.a. D-Glyceric aciduria) is an inherited disease, in the category of inborn errors of metabolism. It is caused by a mutation in
Glycosuria (560 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
auto-brewery syndrome. Rose, Burton; Rennke, Helmut (1994). Renal pathophysiology – the essentials (1st ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Eosinophilic esophagitis (3,691 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Mastocytosis are also frequently associated with it.[citation needed] The pathophysiology of eosinophilic esophagitis is incompletely understood, but it is thought
Polyneuropathy (1,471 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
vascular neuropathy, alcohol use disorder, and vitamin B12 deficiency The pathophysiology of polyneuropathy depends on the type. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating
Unstable angina (1,315 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
chest pain that indicate a low likelihood of heart-related pain. The pathophysiology of unstable angina is controversial. Previously, unstable angina was
Atrophic gastritis (949 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Atrophic gastritis is a process of chronic inflammation of the gastric mucosa of the stomach, leading to a loss of gastric glandular cells and their eventual
Hypochondroplasia (549 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hypochondroplasia (HCH) is a developmental disorder caused by an autosomal dominant genetic defect in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 gene (FGFR3)
Thromboangiitis obliterans (1,915 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Medicine. Retrieved 13 February 2016. Porth C (2007). Essentials of Pathophysiology: Concepts of Altered Health States (2nd ed.). Lippincott Williams&Wilkins
Sigmoidocele (206 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Sigmoidocele (also known as pouch of Douglas descent) refers to a condition where the sigmoid colon descends (prolapses) into the lower pelvic cavity.
Lagophthalmos (690 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Lagophthalmos is the inability to close the eyelids completely. Blinking covers the eye with a thin layer of tear fluid, thereby promoting a moist environment
Pulsus alternans (345 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pulsus alternans is a physical finding with arterial pulse waveform showing alternating strong and weak beats. It is almost always indicative of left ventricular
Bullous pemphigoid (1,283 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Bullous pemphigoid (a type of pemphigoid) is an autoimmune pruritic skin disease that typically occurs in people aged over 60, that may involve the formation
Diverticulosis (2,437 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Tursi A, Papa A, Danese S (September 2015). "Review article: the pathophysiology and medical management of diverticulosis and diverticular disease of
Chorea gravidarum (702 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
anti-basal ganglia antibodies, suggesting immunological basis for the pathophysiology of this chorea. Pelizaeus–Merzbacher disease Pantothenate kinase-associated
Purtscher's retinopathy (629 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) Purtscher's retinopathy likely involves complex pathophysiology, with several contributing factors, including complement-mediated aggregates
Hypoproteinemia (272 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hypoproteinemia is a condition where there is an abnormally low level of protein in the blood. There are several causes that all result in edema once serum
Bartter syndrome (1,686 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
S2CID 41782906. Castrop, Hayo; Schießl, Ina Maria (2014). "Physiology and pathophysiology of the renal Na-K-2Cl cotransporter (NKCC2)". American Journal of Physiology
Hypotension (4,371 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Jacques W. M.; Sutton, Richard; Stewart, Julian (June 2018). "The pathophysiology of the vasovagal response". Heart Rhythm. 15 (6): 921–929. doi:10.1016/j
Enolase deficiency (671 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Enolase Deficiency is a rare genetic disorder of glucose metabolism. Partial deficiencies have been observed in several caucasian families. The deficiency
Adhesion (medicine) (1,972 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
types of adhesions: filmy, vascular, and cohesive, however, their pathophysiology is similar.[unreliable medical source?] Filmy adhesions usually do
Genu recurvatum (514 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Genu recurvatum is a deformity in the knee joint, so that the knee bends backwards. In this deformity, excessive extension occurs in the tibiofemoral joint
Pancreatic pseudocyst (1,004 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ISBN 9780781756419. "Pancreatic Pseudocysts: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology". 2018-10-30. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
Fat necrosis (1,134 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Fat necrosis is a form of necrosis that is caused by the action of lipases on adipocytes. In fat necrosis, the enzyme lipase releases fatty acids from
Adenomyomatosis (709 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Adenomyomatosis is a benign condition characterized by hyperplastic changes of unknown cause involving the wall of the gallbladder. Adenomyomatosis is
Pulsus alternans (345 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pulsus alternans is a physical finding with arterial pulse waveform showing alternating strong and weak beats. It is almost always indicative of left ventricular
Meconium aspiration syndrome (4,175 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
affecting newborn infants. It describes the spectrum of disorders and pathophysiology of newborns born in meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) and have
Hemosiderin (607 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hemosiderin or haemosiderin is an iron-storage complex that is composed of partially digested ferritin and lysosomes. The breakdown of heme gives rise
Wandering atrial pacemaker (843 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Wandering atrial pacemaker (WAP) is an atrial rhythm where the pacemaking activity of the heart originates from different locations within the atria. This
Toxic megacolon (725 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Toxic megacolon is an acute form of colonic distension. It is characterized by a very dilated colon (megacolon), accompanied by abdominal distension (bloating)
Solar purpura (439 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Solar purpura (also known as "Actinic purpura," and "Senile purpura") is a skin condition characterized by large, sharply outlined, 1- to 5-cm, dark purplish-red
Keratosis pilaris (1,428 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Del Rosario. "Keratosis Pilaris". eMedicine. Medscape (WebMD). and "Pathophysiology". Medscape (WebMD). Retrieved February 5, 2018. Yosipovitch G, DeVore
Bacterial pneumonia (1,048 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Bacterial pneumonia is a type of pneumonia caused by bacterial infection. Streptococcus pneumoniae (J13) is the most common bacterial cause of pneumonia
Angiokeratoma (532 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Angiokeratoma is a benign cutaneous lesion of capillaries, resulting in small marks of red to blue color and characterized by hyperkeratosis. Angiokeratoma
Paraumbilical veins (247 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In the course of the round ligament of the liver, small paraumbilical veins are found which establish an anastomosis between the veins of the anterior
Angiodysplasia (1,030 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In medicine (gastroenterology), angiodysplasia is a small vascular malformation of the gut. It is a common cause of otherwise unexplained gastrointestinal
Polycystic liver disease (377 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Polycystic liver disease (PLD) usually describes the presence of multiple cysts scattered throughout normal liver tissue. PLD is commonly seen in association
Hyper-IgM syndrome type 3 (675 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hyper-IgM syndrome type 3 is a form of hyper IgM syndrome characterized by mutations of the CD40 gene. In this type, Immature B cells cannot receive signal
Bartonella bacilliformis (745 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Bartonella bacilliformis is a bacterium, Gram negative aerobic, pleomorphic, flagellated, motile, coccobacillary, 2–3 μm long, 0.2–0.5 μm wide, and a facultative
Dieulafoy's lesion (1,106 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
stomach. Sleisenger and Fordtran's gastrointestinal and liver disease : pathophysiology/diagnosis/management (Eleventh ed.). Philadelphia, PA. p. 569. ISBN 0323609627
Pre-excitation syndrome (276 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pre-excitation syndrome is a heart condition in which part of the cardiac ventricles are activated too early. Pre-excitation is caused by an abnormal electrical
Pyruvate kinase deficiency (1,511 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
PMID 4536359. "Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology". 2016-08-23. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
Hepatoblastoma (1,031 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hepatoblastoma is a malignant liver cancer occurring in infants and children and composed of tissue resembling fetal liver cells, mature liver cells, or
Adie syndrome (664 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Adie syndrome, also known as Holmes–Adie syndrome, is a neurological disorder characterized by a tonically dilated pupil that reacts slowly to light but
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (2,402 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
bleeding. Regardless of the triggering event of DIC, once initiated, the pathophysiology of DIC is similar in all conditions. One critical mediator of DIC is
Fungal pneumonia (618 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Fungal pneumonia is an infection of the lungs by fungi. It can be caused by either endemic or opportunistic fungi or a combination of both. Case mortality
Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (1,018 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS-1), is a subtype of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome (autoimmune polyglandular syndrome). It causes the
Acanthocyte (729 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine. "Acanthocytosis: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology". 2017-08-29. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires
Turner syndrome (8,994 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Oliveira CS, Alves C (October 2011). "The role of the SHOX gene in the pathophysiology of Turner syndrome". Endocrinologia y Nutricion. 58 (8): 433–442. doi:10
Microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (505 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA) is a microangiopathic subgroup of hemolytic anemia (loss of red blood cells through destruction) caused by factors
Scleroderma (3,463 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Endothelin signalling is implicated in the pathophysiology of fibrosis. Vitamin D is implicated in the pathophysiology of the disease. An inverse correlation
Placental disease (1,226 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
growth restriction (IUGR). These factors are known to be the primary pathophysiology cause placental disease. Which is considered to be associated with
Follicular cyst of ovary (258 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The follicular cyst of the ovary is a type of functional simple cyst, and is the most common type of ovarian cyst. Its rupture can create sharp, severe
Right axis deviation (1,661 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in the anterior fascicule then there is right axis deviation. The pathophysiology depends on the specific cause of right axis deviation. Most causes
Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome (662 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome is a disorder that affects development of the limbs, head, and face. The features of this syndrome are highly variable
Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (708 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) is an eye disease primarily affecting the choroid. It may cause sudden blurring of vision or a scotoma in the central
Zaspopathy (224 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Zaspopathy, also called ZASP-related myofibril myopathy, is a novel autosomal dominant form of progressive muscular dystrophy, first described in 2005
Gastrinoma (1,923 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ISBN 978-1-4160-5452-8, retrieved 2020-12-18 "Gastrinoma: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology". 2020-10-12. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires
Tetany (824 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Tetany or tetanic seizure is a medical sign consisting of the involuntary contraction of muscles, which may be caused by disorders that increase the action
Mastoiditis (1,297 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
often manifests as brown discharge on the pillowcase upon waking. The pathophysiology of mastoiditis is straightforward: bacteria spread from the middle
Somatostatinoma (442 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Somatostatinomas are a tumor of the delta cells of the endocrine pancreas that produces somatostatin. Increased levels of somatostatin inhibit pancreatic
Varicocele (1,555 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(2011-01-01). "Varicocele-induced infertility: Newer insights into its pathophysiology". Indian Journal of Urology. 27 (1): 58–64. doi:10.4103/0970-1591.78428
Dermatosis papulosa nigra (404 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Leser-Trélat sign, a sudden explosion of lesions due to a growing tumor. The pathophysiology of DPN is unknown. Evidence of family history may suggest a genetic
Spasmodic torticollis (3,166 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
report neck pain, and 33% to 40% experience tremor of the head. The pathophysiology of spasmodic torticollis is still relatively unknown. Spasmodic torticollis
Altered level of consciousness (1,397 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
2008-07-03. level of consciousness. Porth C (2007). Essentials of Pathophysiology: Concepts of Altered Health States. Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams
Hypochondrogenesis (434 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hypochondrogenesis is a severe genetic disorder causing malformations of bone growth. The condition is characterized by a short body and limbs and abnormal
Caplan's syndrome (713 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Caplan's syndrome (or Caplan disease or rheumatoid pneumoconiosis) is a combination of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and pneumoconiosis that manifests as intrapulmonary
Precancerous condition (1,344 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
nor with a direct causative agent or other identifiable cause. The pathophysiology of precancerous lesions is thought to be similar to that of cancer
Dermatosis papulosa nigra (404 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Leser-Trélat sign, a sudden explosion of lesions due to a growing tumor. The pathophysiology of DPN is unknown. Evidence of family history may suggest a genetic
Spasmodic torticollis (3,166 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
report neck pain, and 33% to 40% experience tremor of the head. The pathophysiology of spasmodic torticollis is still relatively unknown. Spasmodic torticollis
Precancerous condition (1,344 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
nor with a direct causative agent or other identifiable cause. The pathophysiology of precancerous lesions is thought to be similar to that of cancer
Hypertensive emergency (2,392 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
hypertensive emergencies or end organ failure.[citation needed] The pathophysiology of hypertensive emergency is not well understood. Failure of normal
Distributive shock (1,374 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
et al. 2013, Overview: Etiology. Kanaparthi et al. 2013, Overview: Pathophysiology. Ince, Can (25 August 2005). "The microcirculation is the motor of
Pain asymbolia (222 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
pain but are mostly or completely immune to suffering from it. The pathophysiology of this disease revolves around a disconnect between the insular cortex
Central core disease (530 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Central core disease (CCD), also known as central core myopathy, is an autosomal dominant inherited muscle disorder present from birth that negatively
Caplan's syndrome (713 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Caplan's syndrome (or Caplan disease or rheumatoid pneumoconiosis) is a combination of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and pneumoconiosis that manifests as intrapulmonary
Hypovolemia (2,059 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Pathophysiology of hypovolemia
Cheyne–Stokes respiration (1,649 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
hypoperfusion of the brain (particularly of the respiratory center). The pathophysiology of Cheyne–Stokes breathing can be summarized as apnea leading to increased
Argyria (1,552 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Argyria or argyrosis is a condition caused by excessive exposure to chemical compounds of the element silver, or to silver dust. The most dramatic symptom
Hypertonia (1,646 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
McGuire, John R. (2009). "Spastic Hypertonia and Movement Disorders: Pathophysiology, Clinical Presentation, and Quantification". PM&R. 1 (9): 827–33. doi:10
Bartonella quintana (1,481 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
contains a 14-kb linear DNA segment, but its function in Bartonella pathophysiology is still unknown. In trench fever or B. quintana-induced endocarditis
High-altitude pulmonary edema (3,006 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
block hypoxic pulmonary hypertension, lending evidence to the proposed pathophysiology of HAPE outlined above. It is recommended that those who go to high
Clinical nurse leader (560 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
who has completed advanced nursing coursework, including classes in pathophysiology, clinical assessment, finance management, epidemiology, healthcare
Pulmonary hemorrhage (484 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pulmonary hemorrhage (or pulmonary haemorrhage) is an acute bleeding from the lung, from the upper respiratory tract and the trachea, and the pulmonary
Myxedema (924 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Myxedema (British English: myxoedema) is a term used synonymously with severe hypothyroidism. However, the term is also used to describe a dermatological
Crush injury (564 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A crush injury is injury by an object that causes compression of the body. This form of injury is rare in normal civilian practice, but common following
Mucous membrane pemphigoid (720 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Mucous membrane pemphigoid is a rare chronic autoimmune subepithelial blistering disease characterized by erosive lesions of the mucous membranes and skin
White sponge nevus (609 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
White sponge nevus (WSN) is an autosomal dominant condition of the oral mucosa (the mucous membrane lining of the mouth). It is caused by a mutations in
Herpes simplex encephalitis (1,445 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE), or simply herpes encephalitis, is encephalitis due to herpes simplex virus. It is estimated to affect at least 1 in
Renal oncocytoma (438 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A renal oncocytoma is a tumour of the kidney made up of oncocytes, epithelial cells with an excess amount of mitochondria. Renal oncocytomas are often
Hepatic veno-occlusive disease (865 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD) or veno-occlusive disease with immunodeficiency is a potentially life-threatening condition in which some of the small
Antley–Bixler syndrome (884 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Antley–Bixler syndrome is a rare, severe autosomal recessive congenital disorder characterized by malformations and deformities affecting the majority
Ogilvie syndrome (998 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ogilvie syndrome is the acute dilatation of the colon in the absence of any mechanical obstruction in severely ill patients. Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction
Septic shock (3,539 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the criterion has been met for septic shock.[citation needed] The pathophysiology of septic shock is not entirely understood, but it is known that a
Desmin-related myofibrillar myopathy (525 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Desmin-related myofibrillar myopathy, is a subgroup of the myofibrillar myopathy diseases and is the result of a mutation in the gene that codes for desmin
Zollinger–Ellison syndrome (1,125 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Zollinger–Ellison syndrome (Z-E syndrome) is rare disease in which tumors cause the stomach to produce too much acid, resulting in peptic ulcers. Symptoms
Penetrating head injury (981 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Dawodu S. 2007. "Traumatic Brain Injury: Definition, Epidemiology, Pathophysiology" Emedicine.com. Retrieved on February 6, 2007. O'Leary, R.; McKinlay
Lown–Ganong–Levine syndrome (617 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Lown–Ganong–Levine syndrome (LGL) is a pre-excitation syndrome of the heart. Those with LGL syndrome have episodes of abnormal heart racing with a short
Escherichia coli O104:H4 (1,029 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Escherichia coli O104:H4 is an enteroaggregative Escherichia coli strain of the bacterium Escherichia coli, and the cause of the 2011 Escherichia coli
Diabetic angiopathy (600 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
common forms are diabetic retinopathy and diabetic nephropathy, whose pathophysiologies are largely identical. Other forms of diabetic angiopathy include
Optic disc drusen (1,543 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Optic disc drusen (ODD) are globules of mucoproteins and mucopolysaccharides that progressively calcify in the optic disc. They are thought to be the remnants
Acute proliferative glomerulonephritis (1,004 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
proliferative glomerulonephritis most commonly occurs in children. The pathophysiology of this disorder is consistent with an immune-complex-mediated mechanism
Peliosis hepatis (979 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Peliosis hepatis is an uncommon vascular condition characterised by multiple, randomly distributed, blood-filled cavities throughout the liver. The size
Libman–Sacks endocarditis (1,059 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Libman–Sacks endocarditis is a form of non-bacterial endocarditis that is seen in association with systemic lupus erythematosus, antiphospholipid syndrome
Acne aestivalis (844 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Acne aestivalis also called as acne mallorca, is a special kind of polymorphous light eruption induced by ultra violet A radiation. This condition is said
Birdshot chorioretinopathy (1,301 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
2018-03-04. Retrieved 2017-07-02. "Birdshot Retinopathy: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology". 2017-05-02. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires
Renal papillary necrosis (690 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Higgs, Douglas R. (2009-08-17). Disorders of Hemoglobin: Genetics, Pathophysiology, and Clinical Management. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521875196
Congenital distal spinal muscular atrophy (937 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Congenital distal spinal muscular atrophy (cDSMA), also known as distal hereditary motor neuropathy (or neuronopathy) type VIII (dHMN8), is a hereditary
Calculus (medicine) (995 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
A calculus (pl.: calculi), often called a stone, is a concretion of material, usually mineral salts, that forms in an organ or duct of the body. Formation
Cholinergic urticaria (1,690 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Cholinergic urticaria is a type of hives (urticaria) that is triggered by an increase in body temperature, such as during exercise, sweating, or exposure
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (3,376 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
considerable overlap between malignant catatonia and NMS in their pathophysiology, the former being idiopathic and the latter being the drug-induced
Corpus luteum cyst (796 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A corpus luteum cyst is a type of ovarian cyst which may rupture about the time of menstruation, and take up to three months to disappear entirely. A corpus
Water intoxication (1,949 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Water intoxication, also known as water poisoning, hyperhydration, overhydration, water toxemia or hyponatremia is a potentially fatal disturbance in brain
Urocanic aciduria (301 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Urocanic aciduria is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder caused by a deficiency of the enzyme urocanase. It is a secondary disorder of histidine
Gas gangrene (2,258 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and promotes an anaerobic environment for C. perfringens growth and pathophysiology.[citation needed] Beta toxin (β-toxin) Beta toxin is an integral virulence
Locus coeruleus (4,365 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
accompany dysregulation of NE function and likely play a key role in the pathophysiology of these neuropsychiatric disorders. The locus coeruleus is responsible
Solitary fibrous tumor (645 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT), also known as fibrous tumor of the pleura, is a rare mesenchymal tumor originating in the pleura or at virtually any site
Episcleritis (1,212 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Episcleritis is a benign, self-limiting inflammatory disease affecting part of the eye called the episclera. The episclera is a thin layer of tissue that
Cerebral infarction (2,236 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Neurology. McGraw Hill Professional. p. 698. ISBN 0-07-141620-X. Stroke : pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. Grotta, James C.,, Albers, G. (Gregory)
Renal papillary necrosis (690 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Higgs, Douglas R. (2009-08-17). Disorders of Hemoglobin: Genetics, Pathophysiology, and Clinical Management. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521875196
Epidural hematoma (1,745 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Sciences. p. 441. ISBN 9780323448383. Pooler, Charlotte (2009). Porth Pathophysiology: Concepts of Altered Health States. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (1,035 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) is an obligate pathogenic bacterium in the genus Mycobacterium. It is often abbreviated M. paratuberculosis
Urocanic aciduria (301 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Urocanic aciduria is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder caused by a deficiency of the enzyme urocanase. It is a secondary disorder of histidine
Lhermitte–Duclos disease (495 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Lhermitte–Duclos disease (LDD) (English: /ˌlɛərˈmiːtˌduːˈkloʊ/), also called dysplastic gangliocytoma of the cerebellum (DGC), is a rare, slowly growing
Vitelliform macular dystrophy (1,147 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Vitelliform macular dystrophy is an irregular autosomal dominant eye disorder which can cause progressive vision loss. This disorder affects the retina
Aarskog–Scott syndrome (1,054 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Aarskog–Scott syndrome (AAS) is a rare disease inherited as X-linked and characterized by short stature, facial abnormalities, skeletal and genital anomalies
Junctional epidermolysis bullosa (medicine) (1,002 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Junctional epidermolysis bullosa is a skin condition characterized by blister formation within the lamina lucida of the basement membrane zone.: 599  People
Congestive hepatopathy (623 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Congestive hepatopathy, is liver dysfunction due to venous congestion, usually due to congestive heart failure. The gross pathological appearance of a
Isovaleric acidemia (837 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Isovaleric acidemia is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder which disrupts or prevents normal metabolism of the branched-chain amino acid leucine
Myelophthisic anemia (417 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Myelophthisic anemia (or myelophthisis) is a severe type of anemia found in some people with diseases that affect the bone marrow. Myelophthisis refers
Death from laughter (1,664 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Death from laughter is an extremely rare form of death, usually resulting from either cardiac arrest or asphyxiation, that has itself been caused by a
Toddler's fracture (587 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Toddler's fractures are bone fractures of the distal (lower) part of the shin bone (tibia) in toddlers (aged 9 months-3 years) and other young children
Frostbite (3,621 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
May 2020. Knapik JJ, Reynolds KL, Castellani JW (2020). "Frostbite: Pathophysiology, Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention". Journal of Special
Brain abscess (1,598 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Brain abscess (or cerebral abscess) is an abscess within the brain tissue caused by inflammation and collection of infected material coming from local
Arcus senilis (842 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Arcus senilis (AS), also known as gerontoxon, arcus lipoides, arcus corneae, corneal arcus, arcus adiposus, or arcus cornealis, are rings in the peripheral
Brief psychotic disorder (1,688 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Brief psychotic disorder—according to the classifications of mental disorders DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5—is a psychotic condition involving the sudden onset of
Medial medullary syndrome (373 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Medial medullary syndrome, also known as inferior alternating syndrome, hypoglossal alternating hemiplegia, lower alternating hemiplegia, or Dejerine syndrome
Toxic and nutritional optic neuropathy (999 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Toxic and nutritional optic neuropathy is a group of medical disorders defined by visual impairment due to optic nerve damage secondary to a toxic substance
Madarosis (1,830 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease E-Book: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management. Elsevier Health Sciences. ISBN 9781455749898
Amniotic fluid embolism (1,951 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Tongsong, T.; Jatavan, P. (2020-04-15). "Amniotic fluid embolism: the pathophysiology, diagnostic clue, and blood biomarkers indicator for disease prediction"
Ochronosis (1,304 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Pathophysiology of alcaptonuria is due to the absence of functional homogentisate dioxygenase in the liver
Papilledema (1,445 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Papilledema or papilloedema is optic disc swelling that is caused by increased intracranial pressure due to any cause. The swelling is usually bilateral
Reticulocytopenia (1,342 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
disease, autoimmune disease Adverse effect of medication The specific pathophysiology differs with each etiology. For conditions that lead to pancytopenia
Posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy (236 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy (PPCD; sometimes also Schlichting dystrophy) is a type of corneal dystrophy, characterised by changes in Descemet's
Sea-blue histiocytosis (287 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Sea-blue histiocytosis is a cutaneous condition that may occur as a familial inherited syndrome or as an acquired secondary or systemic infiltrative process
Necrobiosis lipoidica (685 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Necrobiosis lipoidica is a rare, chronic skin condition predominantly associated with diabetes mellitus (known as necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum or
Imperforate hymen (1,008 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
PMID 24009804. Paula J. Adams Hillard (June 12, 2013). "Imperforate Hymen: Pathophysiology". eMedicine. Retrieved May 9, 2014. Lardenoije, Céline; Aardenburg
Clinical neurophysiology (1,005 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
spontaneous or stimulated. It encompasses both research regarding the pathophysiology along with clinical methods used to diagnose diseases involving both
Rachitic rosary (321 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The prominent knobs of bone at the costochondral joints of rickets patients are known as a rachitic rosary or beading of the ribs. The knobs create the
Hypophosphatemia (1,163 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hypophosphatemia is an electrolyte disorder in which there is a low level of phosphate in the blood. Symptoms may include weakness, trouble breathing,
Reflux nephropathy (459 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Reflux nephropathy is kidney damage (nephropathy) due to urine flowing backward (reflux) from the bladder toward the kidneys; the latter is called vesicoureteral
Osteoradionecrosis (4,638 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
chewing, trismus, mouth-to-skin fistulas and non-healing ulcers. The pathophysiology of ORN is fairly complex and involves drastic changes to bone tissue
Aortic regurgitation (3,325 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
nih.gov. Retrieved 2016-05-16. "Aortic Regurgitation: Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology". 2018-11-19. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal=
Ocular hypertension (850 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ocular hypertension is the presence of elevated fluid pressure inside the eye (intraocular pressure), usually with no optic nerve damage or visual field
Galeazzi fracture (511 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Galeazzi fracture is a fracture of the distal third of the radius with dislocation of the distal radioulnar joint. It classically involves an isolated
Fungal keratitis (1,240 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Fungal keratitis is a fungal infection of the cornea, which can lead to blindness. It generally presents with a red, painful eye and blurred vision. There
Splenomegaly (1,716 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Splenomegaly is an enlargement of the spleen. The spleen usually lies in the left upper quadrant (LUQ) of the human abdomen. Splenomegaly is one of the
Overflow incontinence (638 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Overflow incontinence is a concept of urinary incontinence, characterized by the involuntary release of urine from an overfull urinary bladder, often in
Carney complex (869 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Carney complex and its subsets LAMB syndrome and NAME syndrome are autosomal dominant conditions comprising myxomas of the heart and skin, hyperpigmentation
Orbital lymphoma (1,338 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Orbital lymphoma is a common type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that occurs near or on the eye. Common symptoms include decreased vision and uveitis. Orbital
Nonallergic rhinitis (1,186 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Nonallergic rhinitis is rhinitis—inflammation of the inner part of the nose—not caused by an allergy. Nonallergic rhinitis displays symptoms including
Goodpasture syndrome (1,429 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Goodpasture syndrome (GPS), also known as anti–glomerular basement membrane disease, is a rare autoimmune disease in which antibodies attack the basement
Pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism (923 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism (PPHP) is an inherited disorder, named for its similarity to pseudohypoparathyroidism in presentation. It is more properly
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (1,319 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a birth defect of the diaphragm. The most common type of CDH is a Bochdalek hernia; other types include Morgagni
Anterior segment mesenchymal dysgenesis (330 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Anterior segment mesenchymal dysgenesis, or simply anterior segment dysgenesis (ASD), is a failure of the normal development of the tissues of the anterior
Hydronephrosis (2,519 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
semnephrol.2010.06.004. PMID 20807610. Capriotti T, Frizzell JP (2016). Pathophysiology: Introductory Concepts and Clinical Perspectives. Philadelphia.
Cardiac tamponade (2,438 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1016/0002-9149(90)90540-h. PMID 2251997. Porth, Carol; Carol Mattson Porth (2005). Pathophysiology: concepts of altered health states (7th ed.). Hagerstwon, MD: Lippincott
Osteoradionecrosis (4,638 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
chewing, trismus, mouth-to-skin fistulas and non-healing ulcers. The pathophysiology of ORN is fairly complex and involves drastic changes to bone tissue
Cementoma (1,310 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Cementoma is an odontogenic tumor of cementum. It is usually observed as a benign spherical mass of hard tissue fused to the root of a tooth. It is found
Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (1,914 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(2006). "Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS): Molecular Pathophysiology and Gene Therapy". Journal of Pharmacological Sciences. 101 (3): 189–198
Otospondylomegaepiphyseal dysplasia (554 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Otospondylomegaepiphyseal dysplasia (OSMED) is an autosomal recessive disorder of bone growth that results in skeletal abnormalities, severe hearing loss
Carney complex (869 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Carney complex and its subsets LAMB syndrome and NAME syndrome are autosomal dominant conditions comprising myxomas of the heart and skin, hyperpigmentation
Pulmonic stenosis (256 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pulmonic stenosis, is a dynamic or fixed obstruction of flow from the right ventricle of the heart to the pulmonary artery. It is usually first diagnosed
Swan neck deformity (264 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Swan neck deformity is a deformed position of the finger, in which the joint closest to the fingertip is permanently bent toward the palm while the nearest
Cardiac asthma (1,123 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Cardiac asthma is the medical condition of intermittent wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath that is associated with underlying congestive heart
Blind loop syndrome (755 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Blind loop syndrome, also known as stagnant loop syndrome, is a state that occurs when the normal bacterial flora of the small intestine proliferates to
Proteinuria (2,144 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Proteinuria is the presence of excess proteins in the urine. In healthy persons, urine contains very little protein, less than 150 mg/day; an excess is
Paralytic shellfish poisoning (1,417 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) is one of the four recognized syndromes of shellfish poisoning, which share some common features and are primarily
Protein S deficiency (891 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Patient. Retrieved 2016-10-16. "Protein S Deficiency: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology". 2016-05-02. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires
Endometrioma (1,110 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Endometrioma (also called chocolate cyst) is the presence of tissue similar to, but distinct from, the endometrium in and sometimes on the ovary. It is
Hereditary stomatocytosis (1,229 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hereditary stomatocytosis describes a number of inherited, mostly autosomal dominant human conditions which affect the red blood cell and create the appearance
Coronary vasospasm (1,997 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
hyperventilation are additional precipitating factors. The exact pathophysiology behind coronary vasospasm has not been elucidated. Instead, a combination
Ornithine translocase deficiency (560 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ornithine translocase deficiency, also called hyperornithinemia-hyperammonemia-homocitrullinuria (HHH) syndrome, is a rare autosomal recessive urea cycle
Pemphigus vulgaris (1,941 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pemphigus vulgaris is a rare chronic blistering skin disease and the most common form of pemphigus. Pemphigus was derived from the Greek word pemphix,
Adult-onset Still's disease (1,651 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a form of Still's disease, a rare systemic autoinflammatory disease characterized by the classic triad of fevers
Acanthosis nigricans (1,796 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
; Ortonne, Jean-Paul (eds.). The Pigmentary System: Physiology and Pathophysiology (2nd ed.). Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing. p. 907. ISBN 978-1-4051-2034-0
Germinal matrix hemorrhage (507 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Germinal matrix hemorrhage is a bleeding into the subependymal germinal matrix with or without subsequent rupture into the lateral ventricle. Such intraventricular
Alcoholic cardiomyopathy (2,121 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Alcoholic cardiomyopathy: incidence, clinical characteristics, and pathophysiology". Chest. 121 (5): 1638–50. doi:10.1378/chest.121.5.1638. PMC 1923411
Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis (1,229 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis (IPH) is a lung disease of unknown cause that is characterized by alveolar capillary bleeding and accumulation of haemosiderin
Volkmann's contracture (460 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Volkmann's contracture is a permanent flexion contracture of the hand at the wrist, resulting in a claw-like deformity of the hand and fingers. Passive
Tooth resorption (1,818 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
pressure from malpositioned ectopic teeth, cysts, and tumors. The pathophysiology of root resorption is not completely understood. It is postulated that
Hermansky–Pudlak syndrome (1,561 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Retrieved 14 November 2008. "Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology". Medscape. 13 June 2017. Adam, M. P.; Mirzaa, G. M.;
Elevated transaminases (1,290 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In medicine, the presence of elevated transaminases, commonly the transaminases alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST), may be an
Fumarase deficiency (962 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Fumarase deficiency (or fumaric aciduria) is an exceedingly rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder in the Krebs cycle, characterized by a deficiency
Myocardial stunning (900 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Myocardial stunning or transient post-ischemic myocardial dysfunction is a state of mechanical cardiac dysfunction that can occur in a portion of myocardium
Molar pregnancy (2,204 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
 1110. ISBN 0-7216-0187-1. Ganong WF, McPhee SJ, Lingappa VR (2005). Pathophysiology of Disease: An Introduction to Clinical Medicine (Lange). McGraw-Hill
Alcohol-related dementia (2,073 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Alcohol-related dementia (ARD) is a form of dementia caused by long-term, excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, resulting in neurological damage
Riedel's thyroiditis (616 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Riedel's thyroiditis, is a chronic form of thyroiditis. It is now believed that Riedel's thyroiditis is one manifestation of a systemic disease that can
Spherocytosis (948 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Spherocytosis is the presence of spherocytes in the blood, i.e. erythrocytes (red blood cells) that are sphere-shaped rather than bi-concave disk shaped
Nutcracker esophagus (1,794 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
achalasia, where destruction of the Auerbach's plexus is seen. The pathophysiology of nutcracker esophagus may be related to abnormalities in neurotransmitters
Microsporum canis (1,696 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Microsporum canis is a pathogenic, asexual fungus in the phylum Ascomycota that infects the upper, dead layers of skin on domesticated cats, and occasionally
Crush syndrome (1,338 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Crush syndrome (also traumatic rhabdomyolysis or Bywaters' syndrome) is a medical condition characterized by major shock and kidney failure after a crushing
Neurosyphilis (1,887 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
PMC 10560128. PMID 37814742. "Neurosyphilis: Overview of Syphilis of the CNS, Pathophysiology of Syphilis, Epidemiology of Syphilis". 19 July 2021. Gordon SM, Eaton
Ventilation/perfusion ratio (1,180 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In respiratory physiology, the ventilation/perfusion ratio (V/Q ratio) is a ratio used to assess the efficiency and adequacy of the ventilation-perfusion
Corneal dystrophy (1,574 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Corneal dystrophy is a group of rare hereditary disorders characterised by bilateral abnormal deposition of substances in the transparent front part of
Timothy syndrome (1,230 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Timothy syndrome is a rare autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by physical malformations, as well as neurological and developmental defects, including
Neurogenic shock (1,036 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Neurogenic shock is a distributive type of shock resulting in hypotension (low blood pressure), often with bradycardia (slowed heart rate), caused by disruption
Narcolepsy (7,743 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
preservation of proximate structures suggests a highly specific autoimmune pathophysiology. Cerebrospinal fluid HCRT-1/OX-A is undetectable in up to 95% of patients
Little League elbow (1,093 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Little League elbow, technically termed medial epicondyle apophysitis, is a condition that is caused by repetitive overhand throwing motions in children
Adenosine deaminase deficiency (1,501 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Adenosine deaminase deficiency (ADA deficiency) is a metabolic disorder that causes immunodeficiency. It is caused by mutations in the ADA gene. It accounts
Pyloric stenosis (2,218 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pyloric stenosis is a narrowing of the opening from the stomach to the first part of the small intestine (the pylorus). Symptoms include projectile vomiting
Epileptogenesis (2,116 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Aroniadou-Anderjaska V, Fritsch B, Qashu F, Braga MF (February 2008). "Pathology and pathophysiology of the amygdala in epileptogenesis and epilepsy". Epilepsy Res. 78
Bunion (1,469 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A bunion, also known as hallux valgus, is a deformity of the joint connecting the big toe to the foot. The big toe often bends towards the other toes and
Diabetic myonecrosis (602 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Diabetic myonecrosis is a complication of diabetes. It is caused by infarcted muscle tissue, usually in the thigh. The mean age at presentation is thirty-seven
Intracranial pressure (3,288 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Wayback Machine Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) - Definition, Epidemiology, Pathophysiology at eMedicine Initial Evaluation and Management of CNS Injury at eMedicine
Miliaria (1,501 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Miliaria, commonly known as heat rash, sweat rash, or prickly heat, is a skin disease marked by small, itchy rashes due to sweat trapped under the skin
Nephrology (2,772 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
normal kidney function (renal physiology) and kidney disease (renal pathophysiology), the preservation of kidney health, and the treatment of kidney disease
Gynecomastia (6,485 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Narula, Harmeet S.; Carlson, Harold E. (November 2014). "Gynaecomastia—pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment". Nature Reviews Endocrinology. 10 (11): 684–698
Epicondylitis (912 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Epicondylitis is the inflammation of an epicondyle or of adjacent tissues. Epicondyles are on the medial and lateral aspects of the elbow, consisting of
Alkaptonuria (2,160 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Pathophysiology of alkaptonuria (AKU) is due to the absence of functional homogentisate dioxygenase (HGD) in the liver.
Baishideng Publishing Group (572 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics World
Internal capsule (1,261 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The internal capsule is a white matter structure situated in the inferomedial part of each cerebral hemisphere of the brain. It carries information past
Migraine (14,762 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
off-label classes of medications. Preventive medications inhibit migraine pathophysiology through various mechanisms, such as blocking calcium and sodium channels
Hypermethioninemia (443 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hypermethioninemia is an excess of the amino acid methionine, in the blood. This condition can occur when methionine is not broken down properly in the
Infantile cortical hyperostosis (834 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Infantile cortical hyperostosis (ICH) is a self-limited inflammatory disorder of infants that causes bone changes, soft tissue swelling and irritability
Ascites (2,930 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ascites (/əˈsaɪtiz/; Greek: ἀσκός, romanized: askos, meaning "bag" or "sac") is the abnormal build-up of fluid in the abdomen. Technically, it is more
Persistent fetal circulation (1,716 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(2006-04-01). "Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn: Pathophysiology and Treatment". Advances in Pulmonary Hypertension. 5 (2): 22–30. doi:10
Sleep paralysis (5,499 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
a feeling of pressure on one's chest and difficulty breathing. The pathophysiology of sleep paralysis has not been concretely identified, although there
Hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome (1,502 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hyperimmunoglobulinemia E syndrome (HIES), of which the autosomal dominant form is called Job's syndrome or Buckley syndrome, is a heterogeneous group
Allergic conjunctivitis (2,278 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
SJ, Abelson MB (January 2005). "Allergic conjunctivitis: update on pathophysiology and prospects for future treatment". J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 115
Calpainopathy (955 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
follow an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern. As of 2019, the pathophysiology is largely not understood, although it is increasingly becoming accepted
Aberrant subclavian artery (575 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Aberrant subclavian artery, or aberrant subclavian artery syndrome, is a rare anatomical variant of the origin of the right or left subclavian artery.
Alcohol flush reaction (1,759 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Alcohol flush reaction is a condition in which a person develops flushes or blotches associated with erythema on the face, neck, shoulders, ears, and in
Hereditary elliptocytosis (1,995 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hereditary elliptocytosis, also known as ovalocytosis, is an inherited blood disorder in which an abnormally large number of the person's red blood cells
Kjer's optic neuropathy (2,010 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Bhattacharya, SS (1998). "Clinical features, molecular genetics, and pathophysiology of dominant optic atrophy". Journal of Medical Genetics. 35 (10): 793–800
Enchondroma (1,140 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Enchondroma is a type of benign bone tumor belonging to the group of cartilage tumors. There may be no symptoms, or it may present typically in the short
Spasticity (3,970 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Heart Association. April 2022. Retrieved 26 June 2022. "Spasticity: Pathophysiology". WeMove.org. Archived from the original on 27 February 2010. Lance
Junctional ectopic tachycardia (1,414 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET) is a rare syndrome of the heart that manifests in patients recovering from heart surgery. It is characterized by cardiac
Lacunar stroke (1,711 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
debate about whether SLI are considered to be strokes, even though the pathophysiology is presumably the same.[citation needed] Individuals who have a SLI
Excitotoxicity (2,788 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
10 μM. The subsequent uncontrolled influx of Ca2+ then leads to the pathophysiology described above. Further evidence of the role of BMAA as an excitotoxin
Nicotine poisoning (2,545 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Nicotine poisoning describes the symptoms of the toxic effects of nicotine following ingestion, inhalation, or skin contact. Nicotine poisoning can potentially
Gastric lymphoma (768 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Primary gastric lymphoma (lymphoma that originates in the stomach itself) is an uncommon condition, accounting for less than 15% of gastric malignancies
Intussusception (medical disorder) (1,935 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Intussusception is a medical condition in which a part of the intestine folds into the section immediately ahead of it. It typically involves the small
Paget's disease of the breast (1,280 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Paget's disease of the breast (also known as mammary Paget's disease) is a rare skin change at the nipple nearly always associated with underlying breast
Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (1,434 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LYG or LG) is a very rare lymphoproliferative disorder first characterized in 1972. Lymphomatoid means lymphoma-like and granulomatosis
Cystinuria (1,631 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Cystinuria is an inherited autosomal recessive disease characterized by high concentrations of the amino acid cystine in the urine, leading to the formation
Hypokinesia (3,472 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
I. M. (2014). "Dystonia--new advances in classification, genetics, pathophysiology and treatment". Acta Neurologica Scandinavica. Supplementum. 129 (198):
Lateral periodontal cyst (1,553 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
“Lateral periodontal cysts (LPCs) are defined as non-keratinised and non-inflammatory developmental cysts located adjacent or lateral to the root of a
Adrenocortical adenoma (1,552 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
protein kinase A pathways have been implicated in the adrenocortical pathophysiology. If functional, adrenocortical adenomas can affect the normal activities
Dislocation of jaw (1,535 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Dislocations occur when two bones that originally met at the joint detach. Dislocations should not be confused with subluxation. Subluxation is when the
Subdural hematoma (3,168 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Giorgi-Coll S, Whitfield PC, Carpenter KL, Hutchinson PJ (May 2017). "Pathophysiology of chronic subdural haematoma: inflammation, angiogenesis and implications
Coma (5,554 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Busl, K. M.; Greer, D. M. (2010). "Hypoxic-ischemic brain injury: Pathophysiology, neuropathology and mechanisms". NeuroRehabilitation. 26 (1): 5–13
Multifocal atrial tachycardia (1,207 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Multifocal (or multiform) atrial tachycardia (MAT) is an abnormal heart rhythm, specifically a type of supraventricular tachycardia, that is particularly
Charcot–Bouchard aneurysm (457 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Charcot–Bouchard aneurysms are aneurysms of the brain vasculature which occur in small blood vessels (less than 300 micrometre diameter). Charcot–Bouchard
Transverse myelitis (3,047 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Idiopathic transverse myelitis and neuromyelitis optica: clinical profiles, pathophysiology and therapeutic choices". Current Neuropharmacology. 9 (3): 417–428
Pneumocystis pneumonia (2,682 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP), also known as Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP), is a form of pneumonia that is caused by the yeast-like fungus Pneumocystis
Dialysis adequacy (195 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
determining dialysis treatment regime and to better understand the pathophysiology of renal dialysis. It is an area of considerable controversy in nephrology
Nephronophthisis (820 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Nephronophthisis is a genetic disorder of the kidneys which affects children. It is classified as a medullary cystic kidney disease. The disorder is inherited
Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (1,283 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction refers to a group of functional disorders leading to abdominal pain due to dysfunction of the Sphincter of Oddi: functional
Propionic acidemia (1,377 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Propionic acidemia, also known as propionic aciduria or propionyl-CoA carboxylase deficiency (PCC deficiency), is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic
Comedocarcinoma (1,014 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Comedocarcinoma is a kind of breast cancer that demonstrates comedonecrosis, which is the central necrosis of cancer cells within involved ducts. Comedocarcinomas
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (1,771 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a medical condition that can occur in some women who take fertility medication to stimulate egg growth, and
Syndrome (1,752 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
syndromes that may include birth defects (pathoanatomy), dysmetabolism (pathophysiology), and neurodevelopmental disorders. When there are a number of symptoms
Hyper-IgM syndrome type 4 (688 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hyper-IgM syndrome type 4 is a form of Hyper IgM syndrome which is a defect in class switch recombination downstream of the AICDA gene that does not impair
Pemphigoid (5,863 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
radiation have been implicated in a very small number of cases. The pathophysiology of bullous pemphigoid consists of two major components, which are immunologic
Erythema nodosum (1,807 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Erythema nodosum (EN) is an inflammatory condition characterized by inflammation of the fat cells under the skin, resulting in tender red nodules or lumps
Jarisch–Herxheimer reaction (838 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A Jarisch–Herxheimer reaction is a sudden and typically transient reaction that may occur within 24 hours of being administered antibiotics for an infection
Epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica (980 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica or dystrophic EB (DEB) is an inherited disease affecting the skin and other organs. "Butterfly child" is the colloquial
Transient tachypnea of the newborn (835 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Transient tachypnea of the newborn is a respiratory problem that can be seen in the newborn shortly after delivery. It is caused by retained fetal lung
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (5,732 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
also appear in patients who have not experienced major stressors. The pathophysiology is not well understood, but a sudden massive surge of catecholamines
Ethylmalonic encephalopathy (756 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ethylmalonic encephalopathy (EE) is a rare autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism. Patients affected with EE are typically identified shortly after
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (3,819 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
that peripherally tapers bronchi is considered a requirement for ABPA pathophysiology, though in up to 43% of cases there is a considerable extension to
Karger Publishers (334 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Karger Publishers (also: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers, S. Karger AG) is an academic publisher of scientific and medical journals and books
De Quervain's thyroiditis (571 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
De Quervain's thyroiditis, also known as subacute granulomatous thyroiditis or giant cell thyroiditis, is a member of the group of thyroiditis conditions
Kawasaki disease (11,652 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Multisystem Syndrome in Children: Different or Shared Etiology and Pathophysiology as Kawasaki Disease?". JAMA. 324 (3): 246–248. doi:10.1001/jama.2020
Sertoli cell-only syndrome (822 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(August 17, 2023). "Sertoli-Cell-Only Syndrome: Practice Essentials, Pathophysiology, Etiology". Medscape Reference. Retrieved October 10, 2023. "Sertoli
Torsades de pointes (2,983 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
coined the term vive la difference?" "Torsade de Pointes: Overview, Pathophysiology, Etiology of Torsade". 2021-04-03. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires
Anodontia (1,970 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Anodontia is a rare genetic disorder characterized by the congenital absence of all primary or permanent teeth. It is divided into two subsections, complete
Choroid plexus papilloma (2,294 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Choroid plexus papilloma, also known as papilloma of the choroid plexus, is a rare benign neuroepithelial intraventricular WHO grade I lesion found in
Hypertryptophanemia (1,056 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hypertryptophanemia is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder that results in a massive buildup of the amino acid tryptophan in the blood, with
CHILD syndrome (882 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Congenital hemidysplasia with ichthyosiform erythroderma and limb defects (also known as "CHILD syndrome") is a genetic disorder with onset at birth seen
Distal spinal muscular atrophy type 1 (1,543 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Distal spinal muscular atrophy type 1 (DSMA1), also known as spinal muscular atrophy with respiratory distress type 1 (SMARD1), is a rare neuromuscular
Döhle bodies (391 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Döhle bodies are light blue-gray, oval, basophilic, leukocyte inclusions located in the peripheral cytoplasm of neutrophils. They measure 1–3 μm in diameter
Reflex syncope (2,525 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
PMC 2998831. PMID 21160608. Adkisson WO, Benditt DG (September 2017). "Pathophysiology of reflex syncope: A review". Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Protein C deficiency (1,327 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Protein C deficiency is a rare genetic trait that predisposes to thrombotic disease. It was first described in 1981. The disease belongs to a group of
Palpitations (3,825 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
provide a clue regarding the etiology of the palpitations, and the pathophysiology of each of these descriptions is thought to be different. In patients
Griscelli syndrome (967 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Griscelli syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by albinism (hypopigmentation) with immunodeficiency, that usually causes death
Vomiting (4,132 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(2009). Sleisenger & Fordtran's gastrointestinal and liver disease pathophysiology, diagnosis, management (PDF) (9th ed.). St. Louis, Mo.: MD Consult
Mucolipidosis type IV (946 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Mucolipidosis type IV (ML IV, ganglioside sialidase deficiency, or ML4) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder. Individuals with the disorder
Activated protein C resistance (1,036 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Activated protein C resistance (APCR) is a hypercoagulability (an increased tendency of the blood to clot) characterized by a lack of a response to activated
Tinnitus (8,144 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
PMID 24349414. Roberts LE (2007). "Residual inhibition". Tinnitus: Pathophysiology and Treatment. Progress in Brain Research. Vol. 166. pp. 487–495. doi:10
Cushing's syndrome (4,729 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
VM, Trementino L, Cardinaletti M, Appolloni G, Boscaro M (2010). "Pathophysiology of dyslipidemia in Cushing's syndrome". Neuroendocrinology. 92 (Suppl
Branchial cleft cyst (882 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A branchial cleft cyst or simply branchial cyst is a cyst as a swelling in the upper part of neck anterior to sternocleidomastoid. It can, but does not
Auditory hallucination (6,840 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
An auditory hallucination, or paracusia, is a form of hallucination that involves perceiving sounds without auditory stimulus. While experiencing an auditory
Flat feet (3,011 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
PMID 3575426. Harris EJ (January 2010). "The natural history and pathophysiology of flexible flatfoot". Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery. 27
De Quervain syndrome (2,373 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
De Quervain syndrome occurs when two tendons that control movement of the thumb become constricted by their tendon sheath in the wrist. This results in
Uniparental disomy (1,033 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Uniparental disomy (UPD) occurs when a person receives two copies of a chromosome, or of part of a chromosome, from one parent and no copy from the other
Intracranial pressure monitoring (1,086 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Jalaleddini K, Thorpe SG, Thibeault CM, Hamilton RB (June 2020). "Review: pathophysiology of intracranial hypertension and noninvasive intracranial pressure
Alcoholic hepatitis (2,127 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Alcoholic hepatitis is hepatitis (inflammation of the liver) due to excessive intake of alcohol. Patients typically have a history of at least 10 years
Prurigo nodularis (1,358 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Prurigo nodularis (PN), also known as nodular prurigo, is a skin disorder characterized by pruritic (itchy), nodular lesions, which commonly appear on
Hirschsprung's disease (3,842 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
W. Allan Walker (2004-07-01). Pediatric gastrointestinal disease: pathophysiology, diagnosis, management. PMPH-USA. pp. 2120–. ISBN 978-1-55009-240-0
Tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency (1,028 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency (THBD, BH4D) is a rare metabolic disorder that increases the blood levels of phenylalanine. Phenylalanine is an amino acid
Donohue syndrome (1,678 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Donohue syndrome (also known as leprechaunism) is an extremely rare and severe genetic disorder. Leprechaunism derives its name from the hallmark elvish
Dilated cardiomyopathy (3,627 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
PMID 21524215. Archived from the original on 2019-09-29. Retrieved 2019-09-29. Pathophysiology of heart disease : a collaborative project of medical students and
Van der Woude syndrome (1,579 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Van der Woude syndrome (VDWS) is a genetic disorder characterized by the combination of lower lip pits, cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P),
Cough (3,031 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A cough is a sudden expulsion of air through the large breathing passages which can help clear them of fluids, irritants, foreign particles and microbes
Otosclerosis (3,314 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
associates otosclerosis with variation in the RELN gene. Loci include: The pathophysiology of otosclerosis is complex. The key lesions of otosclerosis are multifocal
Schistocyte (996 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A schistocyte or schizocyte (from Greek schistos for "divided" and kytos for "hollow" or "cell") is a fragmented part of a red blood cell. Schistocytes
Megaloblastic anemia (1,255 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Megaloblastic anemia is a type of macrocytic anemia. An anemia is a red blood cell defect that can lead to an undersupply of oxygen. Megaloblastic anemia
Glucocorticoid remediable aldosteronism (846 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Glucocorticoid remediable aldosteronism also describable as aldosterone synthase hyperactivity, is an autosomal dominant disorder in which the increase
Sialidosis (525 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Mucolipidosis type I (ML I) is an inherited lysosomal storage disease that results from a deficiency of the enzyme alpha-N -acetyl neuraminidase (sialidase)
Bartholin's cyst (1,249 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A Bartholin's cyst occurs when a Bartholin's gland within the labia becomes blocked. Small cysts may result in minimal or no symptoms. Larger cysts may
Nasal septal hematoma (1,498 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Nasal septal hematoma is a condition affecting the nasal septum. It can be associated with trauma. A septal hematoma is blood that collects in the space
Meckel–Gruber syndrome (938 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Meckel-Gruber syndrome is a rare, lethal ciliopathic genetic disorder, characterized by renal cystic dysplasia, central nervous system malformations (occipital
Gastroschisis (1,675 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in the midline. At least six hypotheses have been proposed for the pathophysiology: Failure of mesoderm to form in the body wall Rupture of the amnion
Intracranial aneurysm (3,782 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
An intracranial aneurysm, also known as a cerebral aneurysm, is a cerebrovascular disorder in which weakness in the wall of a cerebral artery or vein causes
Weakness (2,361 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Weakness is a symptom of many different medical conditions. The causes are many and can be divided into conditions that have true or perceived muscle weakness
Warm antibody autoimmune hemolytic anemia (796 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Warm antibody autoimmune hemolytic anemia (WAIHA) is the most common form of autoimmune haemolytic anemia. About half of the cases are of unknown cause
Diabetes insipidus (2,772 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
diabetes insipidus diagnosed in successive pregnancies: review of pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment, and management of delivery". Pituitary. 10 (1):
Austrian syndrome (1,319 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Austrian syndrome, also known as Osler's triad, is a medical condition that was named after Robert Austrian in 1957. The presentation of the condition
Croup (2,669 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Croup, also known as laryngotracheobronchitis, is a type of respiratory infection that is usually caused by a virus. The infection leads to swelling inside
Beevor's sign (331 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Beevor's sign is medical sign in which the navel moves towards the head upon flexing the neck, indicating selective weakness of the lower abdominal muscles
Methemoglobinemia (2,553 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Methemoglobinemia, or methaemoglobinaemia, is a condition of elevated methemoglobin in the blood. Symptoms may include headache, dizziness, shortness of
Chédiak–Higashi syndrome (1,317 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Chédiak–Higashi syndrome (CHS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that arises from a mutation of a lysosomal trafficking regulator protein, which leads
Adenomyosis (4,859 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1093/humrep/dep474. PMID 20085913. Kitawaki J (August 2006). "Adenomyosis: the pathophysiology of an oestrogen-dependent disease". Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol
Pneumopericardium (457 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pneumopericardium is a medical condition where air enters the pericardial cavity. This condition has been recognized in preterm neonates, in which it is
Microangiopathy (2,498 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
February 2019). "Ultrastructure in Transthyretin Amyloidosis: From Pathophysiology to Therapeutic Insights". Biomedicines. 7 (1): 11. doi:10.3390/biomedicines7010011
California encephalitis orthobunyavirus (875 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
California encephalitis orthobunyavirus type strain California encephalitis virus was discovered in Kern County, California, and causes encephalitis in
Dermatitis herpetiformis (3,413 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Soligo, Emylle Marlene (December 2014). "Dermatitis herpetiformis: pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment". Anais Brasileiros
Waldmann disease (762 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
patient is 3 years old, but it is sometimes diagnosed in adults. The pathophysiology of PIL is centered around the dilation of the lymphatic vessels in
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (3,902 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Haematologica. 86 (6): 669–70. PMID 11418383. Tsai H (January 2010). "Pathophysiology of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura". International Journal of Hematology
Ovarian torsion (1,181 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ovarian torsion (OT) or adnexal torsion is an abnormal condition where an ovary twists on its attachment to other structures, such that blood flow is decreased
Calcifying odontogenic cyst (1,799 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) is a rare developmental lesion that comes from odontogenic epithelium. It is also known as a calcifying cystic odontogenic
Rhinitis (3,124 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1016/S1081-1206(10)62273-9. PMID 10795648. "Inflammatory Nature of Allergic Rhinitis: Pathophysiology". "Immunopathogenesis of allergic rhinitis" (PDF). Archived from the
Anemia of prematurity (2,250 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
conditions List of hematologic conditions Widness JA (November 2008). "Pathophysiology of Anemia During the Neonatal Period, Including Anemia of Prematurity"
Achromatopsia (2,925 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Achromatopsia, also known as Rod monochromacy, is a medical syndrome that exhibits symptoms relating to five conditions, most notably monochromacy. Historically
Spitz nevus (442 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A Spitz nevus is a benign skin lesion. A type of melanocytic nevus, it affects the epidermis and dermis. It is also known as an epithelioid and spindle-cell
Viral hemorrhagic fever (1,985 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) are a diverse group of animal and human illnesses. VHFs may be caused by five distinct families of RNA viruses: the families
Ventricular septal defect (2,531 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a defect in the ventricular septum, the wall dividing the left and right ventricles of the heart. The extent of the
Delusion (4,448 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A delusion is a false fixed belief that is not amenable to change in light of conflicting evidence. As a pathology, it is distinct from a belief based
Pleural effusion (3,720 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Chyle (chylothorax) Pus (pyothorax or empyema) Urine (urinothorax) By pathophysiology: Transudative pleural effusion Exudative pleural effusion By the underlying
Muscle atrophy (3,498 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
muscle loss that is not entirely reversed with nutritional therapy. The pathophysiology is incompletely understood but inflammatory cytokines are considered
Pulmonary edema (3,680 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pulmonary edema (British English: oedema), also known as pulmonary congestion, is excessive fluid accumulation in the tissue or air spaces (usually alveoli)
Ventricular fibrillation (3,528 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cardiac death. The relevance of this is that theories of the underlying pathophysiology and electrophysiology must account for the occurrence of fibrillation
Juxtaglomerular cell tumor (721 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Juxtaglomerular cell tumor (JCT, JGCT, also reninoma) is an extremely rare kidney tumour of the juxtaglomerular cells, with fewer than 100 cases reported
Arterial tortuosity syndrome (810 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Arterial tortuosity syndrome is an extremely rare congenital connective tissue condition disorder characterized by tortuosity, elongation, stenosis, or
Drug-induced pigmentation (213 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Drug induced pigmentation may take on many different appearances, one of the most common being a change in the color, or pigmentation, of the skin. Drug-induced
Choroid plexus carcinoma (909 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A choroid plexus carcinoma (WHO grade III) is a type of choroid plexus tumor that affects the choroid plexus of the brain. It is considered the worst of
MUTYH-associated polyposis (452 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
MUTYH-associated polyposis (also known as MYH-associated polyposis) is an autosomal recessive polyposis syndrome. The disorder is caused by mutations in
I-cell disease (1,025 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Inclusion-cell (I-cell) disease, also referred to as mucolipidosis II (ML II), is part of the lysosomal storage disease family and results from a defective
Hyper-IgM syndrome type 5 (732 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The fifth type of hyper-IgM syndrome has been characterized in three patients from France and Japan. The symptoms are similar to hyper IgM syndrome type
Diphyllobothriasis (2,482 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Diphyllobothriasis is the infection caused by tapeworms of the genus Diphyllobothrium (commonly D. latum and D. nihonkaiense). Diphyllobothriasis mostly
Budd–Chiari syndrome (2,142 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Budd–Chiari syndrome is a very rare condition, affecting one in a million adults. The condition is caused by occlusion of the hepatic veins (usually due
Hard flaccid syndrome (688 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
secondary to neurogenic inflammation.[medical citation needed] The pathophysiology of HFS is not well understood, but it is often associated with traumatic
Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (824 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD) is a paraneoplastic syndrome associated with a broad variety of tumors including lung cancer, ovarian cancer
HELLP syndrome (3,744 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
receptor gene and the tol-like receptor gene, increase the risk. The pathophysiology is still unclear and an exact cause is yet to be found. However, it
Pendred syndrome (950 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pendred syndrome is a genetic disorder leading to congenital bilateral (both sides) sensorineural hearing loss and goitre with euthyroid or mild hypothyroidism
Viral hemorrhagic fever (1,985 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) are a diverse group of animal and human illnesses. VHFs may be caused by five distinct families of RNA viruses: the families
Acrocyanosis (1,379 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Satish R. (2006-04-01). "The Postural Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS): pathophysiology, diagnosis & management". Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
Eosinophilic folliculitis (708 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Eosinophilic folliculitis is an itchy rash with an unknown cause that is most common among individuals with HIV, though it can occur in HIV-negative individuals
Ventricular fibrillation (3,528 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cardiac death. The relevance of this is that theories of the underlying pathophysiology and electrophysiology must account for the occurrence of fibrillation
Pulmonary edema (3,680 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pulmonary edema (British English: oedema), also known as pulmonary congestion, is excessive fluid accumulation in the tissue or air spaces (usually alveoli)
Mycoplasma pneumonia (1,963 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Mycoplasma pneumonia is a form of bacterial pneumonia caused by the bacterium Mycoplasma pneumoniae. M. pneumoniae is known to cause a host of symptoms
Myxedema coma (945 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Myxedema coma is an extreme or decompensated form of hypothyroidism and while uncommon, is potentially lethal. A person may have laboratory values identical
Shin splints (1,789 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A shin splint, also known as medial tibial stress syndrome, is pain along the inside edge of the shinbone (tibia) due to inflammation of tissue in the
Hypovolemic shock (4,528 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
etiology, and pathophysiology of shock in adults". UpToDate. Retrieved 2019-02-22. "definition-classification-etiology-and-pathophysiology-of-shock-in-adults"
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (2,127 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is the development of a bacterial infection in the peritoneum, despite the absence of an obvious source for the
Brown-Séquard syndrome (1,698 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Brown-Séquard syndrome (also known as Brown-Séquard's hemiplegia, Brown-Séquard's paralysis, hemiparaplegic syndrome, hemiplegia et hemiparaplegia spinalis
Cervical agenesis (485 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Cervical agenesis is a congenital disorder of the female genital system that manifests itself in the absence of a cervix, the connecting structure between
Arsenical keratosis (703 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
An arsenical keratosis is a growth of keratin on the skin caused by arsenic,: 725  which occurs naturally in the Earth's crust and is widely distributed
Horner's syndrome (1,528 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Horner's syndrome, also known as oculosympathetic paresis, is a combination of symptoms that arises when a group of nerves known as the sympathetic trunk
Mitral regurgitation (3,736 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
acute cases, dysfunction, which can include mitral valve prolapse. The pathophysiology of MR can be broken into three phases of the disease process: the acute
Diabetic nephropathy (5,131 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS).[citation needed] The pathophysiology of diabetic nephropathy is thought to involve an interaction between
Selective immunoglobulin A deficiency (1,628 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Selective immunoglobulin A (IgA) deficiency (SIgAD) is a kind of immunodeficiency, a type of hypogammaglobulinemia. People with this deficiency lack immunoglobulin
Giardiasis (5,525 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Beatty JK, Buret AG (August 2011). "Host parasite interactions and pathophysiology in Giardia infections". International Journal for Parasitology. 41
Ketonuria (1,077 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Laffel, Lori (1999-11-01). "Ketone bodies: a review of physiology, pathophysiology and application of monitoring to diabetes". Diabetes/Metabolism Research
Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (2,261 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
report published in 1974. Since the 1990s, as the understanding of the pathophysiology of diabetes has improved, the concept and usage of MODY have become
Laminitis (7,434 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1016/S0737-0806(97)80186-4. Belknap JK, Black SJ (2005). "Review of the Pathophysiology of the Developmental Stages of Equine Laminitis". Proceedings American
Psychotic depression (2,601 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
to find a treatment which targets the proposed specific underlying pathophysiology of psychotic depression. A promising candidate was mifepristone, which
CADASIL (1,900 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
CADASIL or CADASIL syndrome, involving cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy, is the most common form
Pediculosis corporis (718 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pediculosis corporis or Vagabond's disease is a cutaneous condition caused by body lice (Pediculus humanus humanus) that lay their eggs on clothing and
Achromatopsia (2,925 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Achromatopsia, also known as Rod monochromacy, is a medical syndrome that exhibits symptoms relating to five conditions, most notably monochromacy. Historically
IgA nephropathy (3,482 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Mestecky, Jiri; Gharavi, Ali; Julian, Bruce (October 1, 2011). "The Pathophysiology of IgA Nephropathy". Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Right ventricular hypertrophy (1,697 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) is a condition defined by an abnormal enlargement of the cardiac muscle surrounding the right ventricle. The right
Sixth nerve palsy (2,618 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
idiopathic. Sixth nerve palsy causes the eyes to deviate inward (see: Pathophysiology of strabismus). Vallee et al. report that benign and rapidly recovering
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (3,267 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Caplan, Michael (eds.). Seldin and Giebisch's The Kidney Physiology & Pathophysiology (5th ed.). Burlington: Elsevier Science. ISBN 9780123814630. Kwon,
Hyper-IgM syndrome type 2 (716 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hyper IgM syndrome type 2 is a rare disease. Unlike other hyper-IgM syndromes, type 2 patients identified thus far did not present with a history of opportunistic
Abscess (3,440 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
An abscess is a collection of pus that has built up within the tissue of the body. Signs and symptoms of abscesses include redness, pain, warmth, and swelling
Lithium toxicity (1,378 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Lithium toxicity, also known as lithium overdose, is the condition of having too much lithium. Symptoms may include a tremor, increased reflexes, trouble
Segmental colitis associated with diverticulosis (1,449 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Segmental colitis associated with diverticulosis (SCAD) is a condition characterized by localized inflammation in the colon, which spares the rectum and
Klebsiella pneumoniae (4,195 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) individuals. In terms of the pathophysiology of Klebsiella pneumonia the neutrophil myeloperoxidase defense against
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (1,768 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a form of angiopathy in which amyloid beta peptide deposits in the walls of small to medium blood vessels of the central
Bardet–Biedl syndrome (1,331 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Bardet–Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a ciliopathic human genetic disorder that produces many effects and affects many body systems. It is characterized by rod/cone
Acute stress reaction (2,813 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Acute stress reaction (ASD, also known as acute stress disorder, psychological shock, mental shock, or simply shock) is a psychological response to a terrifying
Mycoplasma pneumonia (1,963 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Mycoplasma pneumonia is a form of bacterial pneumonia caused by the bacterium Mycoplasma pneumoniae. M. pneumoniae is known to cause a host of symptoms
Leigh syndrome (3,123 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Leigh syndrome (also called Leigh disease and subacute necrotizing encephalomyelopathy) is an inherited neurometabolic disorder that affects the central
Klebsiella pneumoniae (4,195 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) individuals. In terms of the pathophysiology of Klebsiella pneumonia the neutrophil myeloperoxidase defense against
Metabolic acidosis (3,675 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Jeffrey A.; Madias, Nicolaos E. (2010-05-01). "Metabolic acidosis: pathophysiology, diagnosis and management". Nature Reviews Nephrology. 6 (5): 274–285
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (1,768 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a form of angiopathy in which amyloid beta peptide deposits in the walls of small to medium blood vessels of the central
Sixth nerve palsy (2,618 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
idiopathic. Sixth nerve palsy causes the eyes to deviate inward (see: Pathophysiology of strabismus). Vallee et al. report that benign and rapidly recovering
Bardet–Biedl syndrome (1,331 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Bardet–Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a ciliopathic human genetic disorder that produces many effects and affects many body systems. It is characterized by rod/cone
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (3,267 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Caplan, Michael (eds.). Seldin and Giebisch's The Kidney Physiology & Pathophysiology (5th ed.). Burlington: Elsevier Science. ISBN 9780123814630. Kwon,
Stingray injury (1,117 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A stingray injury is caused by the venomous tail spines, stingers or dermal denticles of rays in the order Myliobatiformes, most significantly those belonging
Central serous chorioretinopathy (3,111 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Retrieved 15 October 2017. "Central Serous Chorioretinopathy: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology". 16 March 2017. Archived from the original on 16 October
Gamma-glutamyltransferase (1,939 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
effects at various levels in cellular signal transduction and cellular pathophysiology. This transferase is found in many tissues, the most notable one being
Influenza A virus subtype H3N8 (1,343 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
H3N8 is a subtype of the species Influenza A virus that is endemic in birds, horses and dogs. It is the main cause of equine influenza and is also known
Germinal matrix (329 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
associated articles on neuronal migration and corticogenesis. Dysfunction/pathophysiology: in prenatology/neonatology, intraventricular hemorrhages occur starting
Alpha-thalassemia (1,482 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Alpha-thalassemia (α-thalassemia, α-thalassaemia) is a form of thalassemia involving the genes HBA1 and HBA2. Thalassemias are a group of inherited blood
Morning sickness (2,494 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Pathophysiology of vomiting in pregnancy
Macular corneal dystrophy (699 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Macular corneal dystrophy, also known as Fehr corneal dystrophy, is a rare pathological condition affecting the stroma of cornea first described by Arthur
Latrodectism (2,034 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Latrodectism (/lætrəˈdɛktɪzəm/) is the illness caused by the bite of Latrodectus spiders (the black widow spider and related species). Pain, muscle rigidity
Boutonniere deformity (566 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Boutonniere deformity is a deformed position of the fingers or toes, in which the joint nearest the knuckle (the proximal interphalangeal joint, or PIP)
Pruritic folliculitis of pregnancy (2,535 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
not enough evidence to clearly support these claims. Although the pathophysiology of pruritic folliculitis of pregnancy is currently unknown, it has
Polycythemia (3,295 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
undergoing twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome can have polycythemia. The pathophysiology of polycythemia varies based on its cause. The production of red blood
Acute stress reaction (2,813 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Acute stress reaction (ASD, also known as acute stress disorder, psychological shock, mental shock, or simply shock) is a psychological response to a terrifying
Cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (1,262 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
underlying medical conditions which contribute to or exacerbate the pathophysiology, the most common being hepatitis C virus infection. There are a number
Intraparenchymal hemorrhage (858 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Intraparenchymal hemorrhage (IPH) is one form of intracerebral bleeding in which there is bleeding within brain parenchyma. The other form is intraventricular
Tetanus (5,137 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
light chain. There are three domains, each of which contributes to the pathophysiology of the toxin. The heavy chain has two of the domains. The N-terminal
Kikuchi disease (1,177 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Kikuchi disease was described in 1972 in Japan. It is also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, Kikuchi necrotizing lymphadenitis, phagocytic
Cyclic alternating pattern (659 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
CAP and neurovegetative fluctuations and motor events determine the pathophysiology of several sleep disorders and the effect of medication on continuous
Exencephaly (393 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Exencephaly is a type of cephalic disorder wherein the brain is located outside of the skull. This condition is usually found in embryos as an early stage
Cotard's syndrome (2,343 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Cotard's syndrome, also known as Cotard's delusion or walking corpse syndrome, is a rare mental disorder in which the affected person holds the delusional
Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase I deficiency (658 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase I deficiency (CPS I deficiency) is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder that causes ammonia to accumulate in the blood
Rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata (622 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata is a rare developmental brain disorder characterized by abnormally short arms and legs (rhizomelia), seizures, recurrent
Pericardial effusion (2,459 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A pericardial effusion is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pericardial cavity. The pericardium is a two-part membrane surrounding the heart: the
Duplicated ureter (499 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Duplicated ureter or duplex collecting system is a congenital condition in which the ureteric bud, the embryological origin of the ureter, splits (or arises
Arteriovenous malformation (2,911 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an abnormal connection between arteries and veins, bypassing the capillary system. Usually congenital, this vascular
Tympanosclerosis (1,265 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Tympanosclerosis is a condition caused by hyalinization and subsequent calcification of subepithelial connective tissue of the tympanic membrane and middle
Breast hematoma (749 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Breast hematoma is a collection of blood within the breast. It arises from internal bleeding (hemorrhage) and may arise due to trauma (breast injury or
Trichophyton tonsurans (1,586 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Trichophyton tonsurans is a fungus in the family Arthrodermataceae that causes ringworm infection of the scalp. It was first recognized by David Gruby
Vasospasm (1,338 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Vasospasm refers to a condition in which an arterial spasm leads to vasoconstriction. This can lead to tissue ischemia and tissue death (necrosis). Cerebral
Esophageal rupture (1,501 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Esophageal rupture is a rupture of the esophageal wall. Iatrogenic causes account for approximately 56% of esophageal perforations, usually due to medical
Fat pad sign (382 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The fat pad sign, also known as the sail sign, is a potential finding on elbow radiography which suggests a fracture of one or more bones at the elbow
Emery–Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (1,486 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Emery–Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) is a type of muscular dystrophy, a group of heritable diseases that cause progressive impairment of muscles. EDMD
Tophus (406 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Medicine and Health, Rhode Island. 92 (11): 369–71. PMID 19999896. "Pathophysiology of Gouty Tophi". The Rheumatologist. Retrieved 2021-07-28. Wikimedia
Traumatic neuroma (548 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A traumatic neuroma is a type of neuroma which results from trauma to a nerve, usually during a surgical procedure. The most common oral locations are
Intermittent explosive disorder (2,511 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Intermittent explosive disorder (sometimes abbreviated as IED, also referred to as episodic dyscontrol syndrome) is a behavioral disorder characterized
Pellucid marginal degeneration (1,710 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pellucid marginal degeneration (PMD) is a degenerative corneal condition, often confused with keratoconus. It typically presents with painless vision loss
Malabsorption (2,072 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Malabsorption is a state arising from abnormality in absorption of food nutrients across the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Impairment can be of single or
Plantar fasciitis (3,761 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Plantar fasciitis or plantar heel pain is a disorder of the plantar fascia, which is the connective tissue which supports the arch of the foot. It results
Burkitt lymphoma (4,423 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Burkitt-like Lymphoma: Practice Essentials, Background, Etiology and Pathophysiology". 29 June 2017. Retrieved 19 March 2018 – via eMedicine. {{cite journal}}: