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Longer titles found: Primary motor cortex (view), Premotor cortex (view), Nonprimary motor cortex (view), Memory cells (motor cortex) (view)

searching for Motor cortex 179 found (437 total)

alternate case: motor cortex

Ventral ramus of spinal nerve (399 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article

information, via efferent and afferent nerve fibers - ultimately via the motor cortex in the frontal lobe and to somatosensory cortex in the parietal lobe
Premovement neuronal activity (3,685 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
sources of late BP were determined to be Area 4 (also known as the Primary Motor Cortex) and Area 6. The current consensus is that the early BP starts first
Neuropathic pain (5,665 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
complication rate, which increases over time. Stimulation of the primary motor cortex through electrodes placed within the skull but outside the thick meningeal
Basilar part of pons (639 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
pontine fibers. The corticospinal tract carries neurons from the primary motor cortex in the brain to the spinal cord, aiding in voluntary motor movement of
Corticospinal tract (622 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
primary motor cortex (precentral gyrus, Brodmann area 4) or the premotor frontal areas. About 30% of corticospinal neurons originate in the primary motor cortex
James B. Preston (1,733 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
8: 173-179, 1963. Preston, J.B. and Whitlock, D.G. A comparison of motor cortex effects on slow and fast muscle innervations in the monkey. Experimental
Misophonia (1,905 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
triggering of other brain areas. A 2021 study found that the orofacial motor cortex, a part of the brain representing lip, jaw, and mouth movement, has enhanced
Westphal's sign (190 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of the spinal cord and cerebellar lesions lesions present within the motor cortex of the brain or the pyramidal tracts which it combined with muscular
Neuroscience of rhythm (2,685 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
example of how this model is used is the investigation of the role of motor cortex PTNs in "corticomuscular coherence" (muscle coordination). In similar
Neural oscillation (9,617 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
across the surface of the motor cortex along dominant spatial axes characteristic of the local circuitry of the motor cortex. It has been proposed that
Computational humor (1,617 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
neural network and excessive energy of neurons is thrown out to the motor cortex, arousing muscular contractions. A practical realization of this algorithm
Magnetogenetics (2,167 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
magnetogenetics as a neuroscientific tool. Magnetogenetic activation of the mice motor cortex has been shown to be effective in inducing locomotor changes in freely
Eberhard Fetz (2,301 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
studies on monkeys’ ability to volitionally control the activity of motor cortex cells and muscles with biofeedback, neural mechanisms of a primate model
Cortical remapping (2,277 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
system maps, you find that the last pathway for movement to occur in the motor cortex does not actually activate the muscles directly but causes decreased
Corticomuscular coherence (572 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
coherence seem to be communication in corticospinal pathways between primary motor cortex and muscles. While the role of descending corticomuscular pathways in
Zona incerta (2,984 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
movements. One function of the loop is to carry movement instructions to the motor cortex through zona incerta output to the ventral lateral nucleus neurons in
Kinesiology (5,253 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cause decreased neuronal activation at adjacent areas of the infarcted motor cortex. There are many types of therapies that are designed to overcome maladaptive
Pronator quadratus muscle (575 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
pronator quadratus. This tract begins in the precentral gyrus of the motor cortex where a signal is transmitted from the upper motor nerve through the
Corollary discharge theory (876 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
even though the body is not moving. When a signal is sent from the motor cortex of the brain to the eye muscles, a copy of that signal (see efference
Akio Mori (2,690 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
such as the collaborative work "Input-output relationships in cat's motor cortex after pyramidal section" released in 1981, the collaborative work "Low
Sensory maps (2,373 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
greater motor control. The somatosensory cortex is adjacent to the primary motor cortex which is similarly mapped. Sensory maps may play an important role in
Digit (anatomy) (1,055 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Kleinschmidt A, Nitschke MF, Frahm J (1997). "Somatotopy in the human motor cortex hand area. A high-resolution functional MRI study". Eur J Neurosci. 9
Pain management (8,376 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
aspects of pain experience. Zaghi and colleagues (2011) found that the motor cortex, when stimulated with tDCS, increases the threshold for both the perception
Petra Ritter (neuroscientist) (499 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
are inversely related to fMRI-BOLD signal in primary somatosensory and motor cortex". Human Brain Mapping. 30 (4): 1168–87. doi:10.1002/hbm.20585. PMC 6870597
Topographic map (neuroanatomy) (2,636 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
associated with a reflex are not initiated by the motor cortex). The activation from the motor cortex travels through Betz cells down the corticospinal
Sign language in the brain (2,276 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
languages. Early on, it was noted that Broca’s area was near the part of the motor cortex controlling the face and mouth. Likewise, Wernicke's area was near the
60S ribosomal protein L19 (691 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
et al. (2007). "Pathways and genes differentially expressed in the motor cortex of patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis". BMC Genomics
John Hughlings Jackson (1,631 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
insight we cannot afford to ignore." In Otfrid Foerster's research on the motor cortex, he cites exclusively Hughlings Jackson for the initial discovery (although
Ali Rezai (neurosurgeon) (1,591 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Battelle Research Institute to decode and transmit signals from the motor cortex of a patient's brain to bypass spinal injury and restore limb movement
Restorative neurology (1,681 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
soaked surface sponge electrodes. In order to stimulate the primary motor cortex, the anode electrode was place over C3 and C4. The cathode electrode
Oligoastrocytoma (414 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
as possible, without disturbing eloquent regions of the brain (speech/motor cortex) and other critical brain structure. Thereafter, treatment may include
Neurotrophic electrode (2,764 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
synthesizer itself. Researchers implanted the electrode in the area of the motor cortex associated with the movement of speech articulators because a pre-surgery
Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (1,189 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
been used for spinal cord monitoring. This is the reverse of SSEP; the motor cortex is stimulated transcranially, and recordings made from muscles in the
Local anesthesia (867 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Rasche D, Ruppolt M, Stippich C, Unterberg A, Tronnier VM (2006). "Motor cortex stimulation for long-term relief of chronic neuropathic pain: a 10 year
Two-streams hypothesis (3,235 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
auditory systems by making auditory code accessible to the motor cortex. It appears that the motor cortex recreates high-frequency, simple words (like cup) in
Humor research (4,339 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in the premotor opercular area in the temporal lobe and moves to the motor cortex and pyramidal tract before moving to the brainstem. Wild et al. (2003)
Pyramidal cell (1,563 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
corticospinal tract connections and visuomotor skill after early postnatal motor cortex activity blockade". J. Neurosci. 28 (29): 7426–34. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI
Commissurotomy (380 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
on most people situated in the left hemisphere ventral to the facial motor cortex. The left hemisphere is referred to as the "talking" hemisphere and the
Transcranial direct-current stimulation (5,659 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
a pilot study, HD-tDCS was found to have greater and longer lasting motor cortex excitability changes than sponge tDCS. There are three different types
Wolfgang Grodd (1,627 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Ackermann, H., and Grodd, W. (2001). Differential contributions of motor cortex, basal ganglia, and cerebellum to speech motor control: effects of syllable
Traffic psychology (1,986 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Porter: The parietoccipital sulcus is involved in visual monitoring, motor cortex and cerebellar areas—for gross motor control and motor planning; orbitofrontal
Nucleus ventralis posterior lateralis pars oralis (92 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(1987-12-22). "Importance of the projection from the sensory to the motor cortex for recovery of motor function following partial thalamic lesion in the
Bogomolets National Medical University (394 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
University), famous for the discovery of giant pyramidal neurons of primary motor cortex which later were named Betz cells. 1925 : Favst Shkaravsky, was an officer
Tetraplegia (2,095 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Reeve. In the case of cerebral palsy, which is caused by damage to the motor cortex either before, during (10%), or after birth, some people with tetraplegia
KIF3A (1,103 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
et al. (2007). "Differential expression of molecular motors in the motor cortex of sporadic ALS". Neurobiol. Dis. 26 (3): 577–89. doi:10.1016/j.nbd.2007
Related to receptor tyrosine kinase (888 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Pessian M, Jo E, Kolodkin A, Zou Y (2016). "Ryk controls remapping of motor cortex during functional recovery after spinal cord injury". Nature Neuroscience
BrainGate (1,170 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
injuries. The study used a transmitter connected to the subject's brain motor cortex to transmit the signals. The accuracy and speed of typing and movement
MT1B (373 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
et al. (2007). "Pathways and genes differentially expressed in the motor cortex of patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis". BMC Genomics
Scratch reflex (2,024 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
without supraspinal structures, research indicates that neurons in the motor cortex play a role in the modulation of the scratch reflex as well. Stimulation
MT1M (341 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
et al. (2007). "Pathways and genes differentially expressed in the motor cortex of patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis". BMC Genomics
Optogenetics (11,832 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
one to the other explains how constant optical stimulation of primate motor cortex elicits gamma-band (40–80 Hz) oscillations in the manner of a Type 2
Finger (2,129 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kleinschmidt, A; Nitschke, MF; Frahm, J (1997). "Somatotopy in the human motor cortex hand area. A high-resolution functional MRI study". Eur J Neurosci. 9
Awake craniotomy (848 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and disadvantages of awake surgery for brain tumours in the primary motor cortex: institutional experience and review of literature". British Journal
C. David Marsden (762 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Asselman, P; Marsden, C D (1993). "Corticocortical inhibition in human motor cortex". The Journal of Physiology. 471 (1): 501–519. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1993
Gamma-Amino-beta-hydroxybutyric acid (684 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
β-hydroxy-γ-aminobutyric acid upon the seizure following stimulation of the motor cortex of the dog". The Journal of Physiology. 145 (3): 570–578. doi:10.1113/jphysiol
Motor neuron disease (2,004 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Corticospinal tract. Upper motor neurons originating in the primary motor cortex synapse to either lower motor neurons in the anterior horn of the central
Excitatory amino acid transporter 3 (1,265 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
comparisons of three glutamate transporter subtypes cloned from human motor cortex". The Journal of Neuroscience. 14 (9): 5559–69. doi:10.1523/jneurosci
Event-related optical signal (313 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
was first demonstrated in the visual cortex in 1995, and later in the motor cortex that same year. Optical imaging Gratton, Gabriele; Chiarelli, Antonio
Brain asymmetry (2,828 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
would include handedness. Handedness can result from asymmetry in the motor cortex of one hemisphere. For right handed individuals, since the brain operates
Ian Q. Whishaw (2,322 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
work on movement and the motor cortex, spatial navigation, and the behavior of the laboratory rat. Movement and the Motor Cortex Whishaw is considered a
Glossopharyngeal nerve (2,242 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
voluntary movement of stylopharyngeus muscle originate in the pre-motor and motor cortex (in association with other cortical areas) and pass via the corticobulbar
Swallowing (2,136 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and limbic system of the cerebral cortex with contributions from the motor cortex and other cortical areas. The pharyngeal swallow is started by the oral
Neurohacking (3,533 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
attempts at influencing the brain non-invasively. The study found that the motor cortex of the brain responds to weak electrical stimuli in the form of transcranial
Neurophilosophy (5,807 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
localization comes from studies of the motor cortex. There seem to be different groups of cells in the motor cortex responsible for controlling different
Flocculus (1,496 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the midbrain, corticopontine fibers carry information from the primary motor cortex. From there, projections are sent to the ipsilateral pontine nucleus
Yi Zuo (674 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
"Neutralization of Nogo-A Enhances Synaptic Plasticity in the Rodent Motor Cortex and Improves Motor Learning in Vivo". The Journal of Neuroscience. 34
Isothalamus (3,875 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
target of the VImL thalamocortical neurons is principally the primary motor cortex (prerolandic) (Schell and Strick, 1984, Orioli and Strick, 1989) . VImM
Spastic quadriplegia (1,176 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
lack of oxygen to the brain, can also cause damage in the cerebral motor cortex and other brain regions. This lack of oxygen can be the result of placenta
Timothy Lillicrap (904 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
selection of works is listed below: Timothy Lillicrap (2014). Modelling Motor Cortex using Neural Network Controls Laws. Ph.D. Systems Neuroscience Thesis
Sleep and learning (2,259 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
2015). Ashe, James (ed.). "Sleep-Dependent Reactivation of Ensembles in Motor Cortex Promotes Skill Consolidation". PLOS Biology. Public Library of Science
Sutherland Simpson (463 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Secondary degeneration following unilateral lesions of the cerebral motor cortex: an experimental research". Cite journal requires |journal= (help) Simpson
Excitatory amino acid transporter 1 (1,809 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
comparisons of three glutamate transporter subtypes cloned from human motor cortex". The Journal of Neuroscience. 14 (9): 5559–69. doi:10.1523/jneurosci
Sensory stimulation therapy (3,098 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
PET scans have shown that the degree of activation increases in the motor cortex of patients undergoing intensive therapies. This provides a strong support
Edward Evarts (438 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
is being prepared. "Transcortical reflex" describes the operation of motor cortex in the way similar to spinal reflexes that influence spinal motoneuron
Richard Passingham (694 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
primates, and pioneered our understanding of the premotor and supplementary motor cortex. Together with his later work using brain imaging in humans, he has changed
Free will (24,164 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
primary motor cortex. In particular, the supplementary motor complex on the medial surface of the frontal lobe appears to activate prior to primary motor cortex
Eshkol-Wachman movement notation (4,551 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
impairments in reaching and the movements of compensation in rats with motor cortex lesions: A videorecording and movement notation analysis. Behavioural
Excitatory amino acid transporter 2 (2,232 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
comparisons of three glutamate transporter subtypes cloned from human motor cortex". J. Neurosci. 14 (9): 5559–69. doi:10.1523/jneurosci.14-09-05559.1994
Paul Flechsig (944 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
regions into: an early myelinating primitive zone, which includes the motor cortex and the visual, auditory, and somatosensory cortex; a field bordering
Neuroplasticity (11,285 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
infarction) is induced by obstruction of blood flow to a portion of a monkey's motor cortex, the part of the body that responds by movement moves when areas adjacent
Scott Flansburg (1,024 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
instead, there was activity somewhat higher from area 44 and closer to the motor cortex. In January 2016, Flansburg hosted the TV show The Human Calculator on
Neuronavigation (808 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
approved in 2008 estimates the location of the DLPFC by finding the left motor cortex and marking a spot 5 cm anterior to it. Later two more methods were introduced
MT1E (752 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
et al. (2007). "Pathways and genes differentially expressed in the motor cortex of patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis". BMC Genomics
Sensory processing (2,905 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
neuronavigation and intraoperative cortical brain mapping improves targeting of motor cortex stimulation in neuropathic pain". Neurosurgery. 62 (6 Suppl 3): 941–56
Headcrab (2,262 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
with its mouth, incorporating parts of its biological workings with the motor cortex of the host's nervous system. The victim is thus taken over by the headcrab
Ataxia (5,063 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
disconnection between visual-association cortex and the frontal premotor and motor cortex. Ataxic cerebral palsy Spinocerebellar ataxia Bruns apraxia dystaxia
Calretinin (1,812 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Distribution of parvalbumin and calretinin immunoreactive interneurons in motor cortex from multiple sclerosis post-mortem tissue". Experimental Brain Research
Learned non-use (372 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Bauder, H., Sommer, M., Dettmers, C., Taub, E., & Weiller, C. (1998). Motor cortex plasticity during constraint-induced movement therapy in stroke patients
Evoked potential (5,110 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
muscles following direct stimulation of exposed motor cortex, or transcranial stimulation of motor cortex, either magnetic or electrical. Transcranial magnetic
Meningioma (3,802 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
with the removal of a golf-ball-size benign meningioma over his left motor cortex; he fully recovered without disability or recurrence. Simone Giertz (1990–)
Computational neuroscience (4,149 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
such as the cerebellum's role for error correction, skill learning in motor cortex and the basal ganglia, or the control of the vestibulo ocular reflex
Split-brain (5,799 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of the brain that has been damaged; if a stroke has occurred in the motor cortex, deficits may include paralysis, abnormal posture, or abnormal movement
Outline of the human brain (8,442 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
somatosensory cortex), 2. output maps (primary motor map within the primary motor cortex), and 3. higher level cortical maps (also called "hidden layers".) Affective
Hyperkinesia (5,741 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(dysarthria), and loss of coordination and balance in long-term studies. Motor cortex stimulation is another option shown to be viable in numerous clinical
Pachygyria (2,538 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
neuromuscular condition stemming from damage to the corticospinal tract or the motor cortex that affects the nervous system's ability to receive gamma amino butyric
Phase response curve (2,331 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
dependencies of phase response properties of pyramidal neurons in rat motor cortex". The European Journal of Neuroscience. 25 (11): 3429–41. doi:10.1111/j
Origin of speech (19,707 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
teach young children language. Fogassi and Ferrari (2014) monitored motor cortex activity in monkeys, specifically area F5 in the Broca’s area, where
RPH3A (1,097 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Koc-Schmitz Y, et al. (2007). "Loss of SNAP-25 and rabphilin 3a in sensory-motor cortex in Huntington's disease". J. Neurochem. 103 (1): 115–23. doi:10.1111/j
RPH3A (1,097 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Koc-Schmitz Y, et al. (2007). "Loss of SNAP-25 and rabphilin 3a in sensory-motor cortex in Huntington's disease". J. Neurochem. 103 (1): 115–23. doi:10.1111/j
Transcranial pulsed ultrasound (1,005 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the neuron's ability to function. For instance, when focused on the motor cortex of mice, TPU has been shown to induce paw movements without changing
Neuropsychopharmacology (4,240 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
schizophrenia, but cause a variety of dyskinesias by their action on motor cortex. Modern studies are revealing details of mechanisms of damage to the
Dysgraphia (3,988 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
presentation is a motor agraphia resulting from damage to some part of the motor cortex in the parietal lobes.[citation needed] There are several features that
David Heeger (1,262 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
prefrontal and parietal cortex, and premotor activity and motor control in motor cortex. The theory offers a unified framework for understanding neural dynamics
Motor adaptation (878 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
"Neuronal Correlates of Motor Performance and Motor Learning in the Primary Motor Cortex of Monkeys Adapting to an External Force Field". Neuron. 30 (2): 593–607
Somatosensory evoked potential (2,037 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Testing with median nerve SEPs is used to identify the sensory and motor cortex during craniotomies and in monitoring surgery at the midcervical or upper
Gesture (5,295 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
areas related to language or action (Broca's area and premotor/primary motor cortex respectively)", The use of gestures in combination with speech allowed
John Rothwell (physiologist) (354 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Asselman, P; Marsden, C D (1993). "Corticocortical inhibition in human motor cortex". The Journal of Physiology. 471 (1): 501–519. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1993
Proprioception (6,351 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Murphy JT, Wong YC, Kwan HC (July 1975). "Afferent-efferent linkages in motor cortex for single forelimb muscles". Journal of Neurophysiology. 38 (4): 990–1014
Sense of smell (6,661 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the sensation of being in the mouth because of co-activation of the motor cortex and olfactory epithelium during mastication. Olfaction, taste, and trigeminal
Ruth Empson (290 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
layer 5 intratelencephalic projection neurons from the mature mouse motor cortex." Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience 11 (2018): 410. Empson, Ruth Mary
Brain connectivity estimators (4,182 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the gamma band during movement in the areas corresponding to primary motor cortex, beta rebound after movement and so-called surround effect. Especially
Vittorio Gallese (2,396 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
high-density EEG study investigating the effect of camera movements on motor cortex activation during action observation". J Cogn Neurosci. 26 (9): 2087–101
Phenylketonuria (5,853 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
gray matter can also be detected, particularly in the motor and pre-motor cortex, thalamus and the hippocampus.[citation needed] It was recently suggested
Theresa A. Jones (1,122 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Skills Training Enhances Lesion-Induced Structural Plasticity In The Motor Cortex Of Adult Rats" Journal of Neuroscience 19 (22): 10153-10163 Nov 15 1999
Substantia nigra (5,007 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
connected to the posterior thalamus, ventral thalamus and specifically, the motor cortex, and because participants with Parkinson's disease report having a smaller
Limb telescoping (1,624 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Saleh Velez FG, Duarte D, Pacheco-Barrios K, Lopes F, Fregni F (2020). "Motor Cortex Reorganization in Limb Amputation: A Systematic Review of TMS Motor Mapping
Theories of humor (5,337 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
neural network and excessive energy of neurons is thrown out to the motor cortex, arousing muscular contractions. The theory treats on equal footing the
Sid Gilman (811 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
University of Michigan Vilensky, Joel A.; Gilman, Sid (December 2002). "Motor Cortex Extirpation (1886–1950): The Influence of Sir Victor Horsley". Neurosurgery
Low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor (4,042 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
muscular paralysis reflecting degeneration of motor neurons in the primary motor cortex, corticospinal tracts, brainstem and spinal cord. One study using the
Cerebral blood volume (1,563 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
induces angiogenesis and increases cerebral blood volume in primary motor cortex of the rat". Neuroscience. 117 (4): 1037–1046. doi:10.1016/s0306-4522(02)00664-4
José Manuel Rodríguez Delgado (1,878 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
clenching of a fist, were achieved when Rodríguez Delgado stimulated the motor cortex. Humans whose implants were stimulated to produce a reaction were unable
Annual BCI Research Award (609 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Decoding speech from intracortical multielectrode arrays in dorsal motor cortex" There are also some other awards for BCI research. For example, the
Santiago Ramón y Cajal (4,492 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
schema of the visual map theory (1898). O=Optic chiasm; C=Visual (and motor) cortex; M, S=Decussating pathways; R, G: Sensory nerves, motor ganglia. Camara
Neurotechnology (5,786 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
their ability to interact with others around them. By understanding the motor cortex and understanding how the brain signals motion, it is possible to emulate
Vasyl Moroz (672 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
includes "Integrated function of the cerebellum of the basal ganglia and motor cortex in the programming and regulation of movements" (Institute of Physiology
Neurostimulation (3,875 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The modulation of the brain activity by electrical stimulation of the motor cortex in dogs was shown in 1870 that resulted in limb movement. From the late
Christopher Cherniak (1,563 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
connection cost minimization (e.g., cf. body maps reported in sensory and motor cortex since the 19th century). In addition, finer-scale somatotopic mappings
Meaghan Creed (2,534 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and motor cortex, while stimulation to the STN decreased immediate early gene mRNA levels in all basal ganglia structures, the thalamus, and the motor cortex
Kosmos 2044 (2,815 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
studied the muscarinic and gaba (benzodiazepine) receptors in the sensory-motor cortex and spinal cord. The institutions participating in this experiment were
Leah Krubitzer (1,192 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Evolution, Leah Krubitzer, Kelly J. Huffman "Reversible Deactivation of Motor Cortex Reveals Functional Connectivity with Posterior Parietal Cortex in the
Interference theory (5,067 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
task was remarkably similar including anterior cingulate, supplementary motor cortex, visual association cortex, inferior temporal cortex, inferior parietal
Cognitive development (5,217 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
neural activity. For example, differences were found in that of the pre motor cortex during mental calculation and that of the VMPFC during trait judgements
Constraint-induced movement therapy (2,930 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
WH; Bauder, H; Sommer, M; Dettmers, C; Taub, E; Weiller, C (1998). "Motor cortex plasticity during constraint-induced movement therapy in stroke patients"
Kuramoto model (3,273 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(2012). "A computational role for bistability and traveling waves in motor cortex". Front Comput Neurosci. 6 (67): 67. doi:10.3389/fncom.2012.00067. PMC 3438483
Subcortical ischemic depression (2,088 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
M., Pennisi, M., Lanza, G., Malaguarnera, G., … Pennisi, G. (2011). Motor cortex excitability in vascular depression. International Journal of Psychophysiology
Single-unit recording (3,928 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Bakay R. A. E. (1997). "Activity of single action potentials in monkey motor cortex during long-term task learning". Brain Research. 760 (1–2): 251–254.
Myoclonic dystonia (2,787 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in myoclonus dystonia. GABA neurons that fire rapidly and affect the motor cortex are blocked by antiepileptics in addition to changes in sodium and calcium
Contralateral brain (1,934 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Cajal's schema of the visual map theory. O=Optic chiasm; C=Visual (and motor) cortex; M, S=Decussating pathways; R, G: Sensory nerves, motor ganglia.
Superior colliculus (6,349 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
determining eye movements. The frontal eye fields, a portion of the motor cortex, are involved in triggering intentional saccades, and an adjoining area
Default mode network (6,799 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Haughton, V. M.; Hyde, J. S. (1995). "Functional connectivity in the motor cortex of resting human brain using echoplanar MRI". Magn Reson Med. 34 (4):
Long-term depression (5,354 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
2007). "Focusing effect of acetylcholine on neuroplasticity in the human motor cortex". The Journal of Neuroscience. 27 (52): 14442–7. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI
Motivation (14,645 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lapole T, Gruet M (November 2016). "Does intrinsic motivation enhance motor cortex excitability?". Psychophysiology. 53 (11): 1732–1738. doi:10.1111/psyp
Homosexual transsexual (4,463 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
postcentral gyrus (including the somatosensory cortex and the primary motor cortex), the left posterior cingulate, precueneus and calcarinus, the right
Arno Villringer (1,312 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
are inversely related to fMRI-BOLD signal in primary somatosensory and motor cortex. Human Brain Mapping 30(4):1168-87 Ritter P, Freyer F, Curio G, Villringer
Corticobasal degeneration (4,665 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
activity in the parietal cortex, sensorimotor cortex, and supplementary motor cortex than those individuals tested in a control group. SPECT is currently
Neuroenhancement (3,747 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
enhancement, Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the motor cortex (MC) is being seen as another potential method. Although it was originally
Cajal–Retzius cell (3,432 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
superiores" [Studies on the human cerebral cortex. II. Structure of the motor cortex of man and higher mammals]. Revista Trimestral Micrográfica. 4: 117–200
Claustrum (4,630 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in the rat: interhemispheric communication between specific parts of motor cortex". The Journal of Neuroscience. 30 (50): 16832–44. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI
Strength training (11,310 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
other hand, men can do more explosive movement because men have a bigger motor cortex in the brain, which controls the movement and help men to generate more
Predictive coding (3,077 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
plausible framework for explaining the agranular organization of the motor cortex. This view suggests that “perceptual and motor systems should not be
Autobiographical memory (7,691 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
autobiographical memory imaging studies, include the frontal eye fields, motor cortex, medial and lateral parietal cortices, fusiform gyrus, superior and inferior
Michel Imbert (1,101 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
les savoirs-Vidéo". M. Imbert et P. Buser, Sensory Projections to the Motor Cortex in Cats : a Microelectrode Study. in Sensory Communication, Endicott
Evolution of human intelligence (10,153 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
area and Broca's area), and a vocal control circuit that connects the motor cortex and brain stem. The mirror neuron system is associated with social cognition
Entropy in thermodynamics and information theory (5,288 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
S. at al. (2005). "Redundancy and synergy of neuronal ensembles in motor cortex". J. Neurosci. 25 (17): 4207–4216. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4697-04.2005
Environmental enrichment (6,184 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
to conclude that an enriched environment that stimulates areas of the motor cortex and areas of the cerebellum having to do with motor learning is beneficial
Gene therapy for epilepsy (2,914 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
lentiviral delivery of KCNA1 has been reported in a rodent model of focal motor cortex epilepsy. The treatment was well tolerated, with no detectable effect
Speech repetition (4,529 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
little more conversation, a little less action — candidate roles for the motor cortex in speech perception". Nature Reviews Neuroscience. 10 (4): 295–302.
Functional integration (neurobiology) (2,659 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
change in verbal IQ as a function of grey matter density in the left motor cortex. The study also observed the previously-reported phenomenon that a ranking
Motor skill consolidation (1,287 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
a complex network of brain areas are involved, including the primary motor cortex, the cerebellum, the prefrontal cortex, and the basal ganglia. Given
Channelrhodopsin (5,602 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Dual-channel circuit mapping reveals sensorimotor convergence in the primary motor cortex". The Journal of Neuroscience. 35 (10): 4418–26. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI
Procedural memory (9,664 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
pursuit rotor task tests the fine-motor skills which are controlled by the motor cortex illustrated by the green section below. The results are then calculated
Barrel cortex (3,172 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
other layers within barrel cortex and other regions of cortex, including motor cortex. These different pathways are thought to transmit different modalities
List of acronyms: P (3,776 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
– (s) Saint Pierre and Miquelon (ISO 3166 digram) PMC – (i) Primary Motor Cortex PMCS – (i) Partial Mission Capable Supply (SM&R code) – Power Management
Andreas K. Engel (1,743 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
AK (September 2009). "Buildup of choice-predictive activity in human motor cortex during perceptual decision making". Current Biology. 19 (18): 1581–5
Autism spectrum (14,675 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
PMID 30523646. Fadiga L, Craighero L, Olivier E (April 2005). "Human motor cortex excitability during the perception of others' action". Current Opinion
James S. Hyde (1,557 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
F. Z., Haughton, V. M., Hyde, J. S.: Functional Connectivity in the Motor Cortex of Resting Human Brain Using Echo-Planar MRI. Magn. Reson. Med. 34:537-541
Connectome (6,985 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
hours on apical tufts of layer five pyramidal neurons in the primary motor cortex after a seed reaching task in primates. Rewiring at the mesoscale involves
Gyrification (4,509 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
followed by others such as the central sulcus, which separates the motor cortex (precentral gyrus) from somatosensory cortex (postcentral gyrus). Most
Transneuronal degeneration (2,619 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Cell Sci. 8 (1): 253–287. PMID 4101588. Eisen A, Weber M (2001). "The Motor Cortex and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis". Muscle & Nerve. 24 (4): 564–573.
Spike-and-wave (3,639 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
initiated in the somatosensory cortex and then spread rapidly to the motor cortex and thalamic nuclei. Using in vivo intracellular recordings, it was found
Dynamic functional connectivity (3,618 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Haughton, V. M.; Hyde, J. S. (1995). "Functional connectivity in the motor cortex of resting human brain using echo-planar MRI". Magnetic Resonance in
Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Functional Brain Topography (1,814 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Gartus A, Streibl B, Moser E, Deecke L: Finger somatotopy in human motor cortex. NeuroImage 13: 1016-1026 (2001). Beisteiner R, Altenmüller E, Lang W
Right hemisphere brain damage (5,035 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
occurring motor deficit is left-sided hemiparesis (in strokes affecting the motor cortex). A less common motor deficit in this population is dysphagia. Patients
Oligodendrocyte progenitor cell (7,020 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and fate of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells in the corpus callosum, motor cortex, and piriform cortex of the mouse". The Journal of Neuroscience. 32 (24):
Interoception (7,700 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
tasks that elicit strong aversive feeling states like pain. The sensory motor cortex provides an alternative pathway for sensing interoceptive stimuli. Although
Bryan Kolb (1,729 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
anatomical, neurophysiological, and functional recovery from neonatal motor cortex injury. European Journal of Neuroscience, 24 ,740-749. Robinson, T.E
Embodied language processing (3,890 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
system may not be true. However, in contrast, other research has found motor cortex activation for the metaphorical usage of action verbs. One such study
The Tale of the Dueling Neurosurgeons (4,010 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and legs about wildly. He believed he had stuck the electrodes on the motor cortex. She later died. Woodrow Wilson traveled the country with the intention
Blood-Spinal Cord Barrier (3,735 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
other treatments involving neuromodulation (deep brain stimulation, motor cortex stimulation, spinal cord stimulation, etc.) have shown efficacy in reducing