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Longer titles found: Lipid bilayer characterization (view), Lipid bilayer fusion (view), Lipid bilayer mechanics (view), Lipid bilayer phase behavior (view), Model lipid bilayer (view)

searching for Lipid bilayer 186 found (496 total)

alternate case: lipid bilayer

ENTH domain (497 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article

The epsin N-terminal homology (ENTH) domain is a structural domain that is found in proteins involved in endocytosis and cytoskeletal machinery. This domain
Lasalocid (90 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
divalent cations and transport them through apolar phase (including lipid bilayer membranes). It can also transport big organic cations like dopamine
Leukocidin (291 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
change and form a beta-barrel, that pierces through the host cell’s lipid bilayer. Leukocidins get their names by killing ("-cide") leukocytes. Leukocidins
Stannin (216 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
partially absorbed into the plane of the lipid bilayer. It interacts with the surface of the lipid bilayer, and contributes to the initiation of the
Magnetosome (1,683 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
They contain iron-rich magnetic particles that are enclosed within a lipid bilayer membrane. Each magnetosome can often contain 15 to 20 magnetite crystals
Cisterna (521 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The cisternae are shaped by the cytoskeleton of the cell through a lipid bilayer. Post-translational modifications such as glycosylation, phosphorylation
Cationic liposome (314 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
critical density the DNA is condensed and becomes encapsulated within a lipid bilayer, although it is possible that the liposomes bind along the surface of
Corneocyte (1,997 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
corneum. These include: Lamellar bodies Intercellular lipids (lamellar lipid bilayer) Cornified envelope Corneodesmosomes Lamellar bodies are tubular or
Diphenylhexatriene (125 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
intercalated into lipid membranes. It incorporates itself into the lipid bilayer and acts like a lipid. 1,6-Diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene at Sigma-Aldrich
Liquid ordered phase (226 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The liquid ordered phase is a liquid crystalline phase of a lipid bilayer, and is of significant biological importance. It occurs in many lipid mixtures
Diphenylhexatriene (125 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
intercalated into lipid membranes. It incorporates itself into the lipid bilayer and acts like a lipid. 1,6-Diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene at Sigma-Aldrich
Cable theory (1,952 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
about because electrostatic forces are acting through the very thin lipid bilayer (see Figure 2). The resistance in series along the fiber r l {\displaystyle
Organo anion transporter family (1,502 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
anions across the cell membrane. Therefore, OATPs are present in the lipid bilayer of the cell membrane, acting as the cell's gatekeepers. OATPs belong
Fibronectin type II domain (808 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Fibronectin type II domain is a collagen-binding protein domain. Fibronectin is a multi-domain glycoprotein, found in a soluble form in plasma, and in
Theories of general anaesthetic action (6,258 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
increased range of anaesthetics if bulk octanol or a fully hydrated fluid lipid bilayer is used as the “oil” phase. It was noted also that volatile anaesthetics
Membrane topology (998 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
introduced. According to the positive-inside rule, cytosolic loops near the lipid bilayer contain more positively-charged amino acids. Applying this rule resulted
Staphylococcus aureus alpha toxin (802 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
concentrations result in the toxin absorbing nonspecifically to the lipid bilayer and forming large, Ca2+ permissive pores. This in turn results in massive
Mohammad-Nabi Sarbolouki (767 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
biology in the country. He made significant contribution to the field of lipid bilayer membranes and liposomes, biodegradable polymers, tissue engineering
Michael F. Brown (418 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in the application of solid-state NMR spectroscopy to the study of lipid bilayer dynamics. Brown was born in Los Angeles, California. He received the
Lipid metabolism (2,118 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Membrane lipids: Phospholipids: Phospholipids are a major component of the lipid bilayer of the cell membrane and are found in many parts of the body. Sphingolipids:
Tight junction protein 1 (2,029 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Junction (TJ) strand proteins, which are fibril-like structures within the lipid bilayer, to the actin cytoskeleton. This gene encodes a protein located on a
Phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance (742 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
31P-NMR spectra of lipids could provide a wide range of information about lipid bilayer packing, phase transitions (gel phase, physiological liquid crystal
Antimicrobial peptides (6,467 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the antimicrobial peptides allows them to partition into the membrane lipid bilayer. The ability to associate with membranes is a definitive feature of
Antimicrobial peptides (6,467 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the antimicrobial peptides allows them to partition into the membrane lipid bilayer. The ability to associate with membranes is a definitive feature of
Tyrocidine (1,346 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
target for engineering derivatives. Tyrocidine appears to perturb the lipid bilayer of a microbe's inner membrane by permeating the lipid phase of the membrane
Amalie Frischknecht (1,542 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of polymer systems, such as complex fluids polymer nanocomposites, lipid bilayer assemblies, and ionomers. Frischknecht graduated from Pomona College
Merbecovirus (399 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
coronaviruses. The viruses of this subgenus, like other coronaviruses, have a lipid bilayer envelope in which the membrane (M), envelope (E) and spike (S) structural
Nobecovirus (399 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
coronaviruses. The viruses of this subgenus, like other coronaviruses, have a lipid bilayer envelope in which the membrane (M), envelope (E) and spike (S) structural
Synaptobrevin (506 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
PMID 2498078. Bock JB, Scheller RH (October 1999). "SNARE proteins mediate lipid bilayer fusion". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 96 (22): 12227–9. Bibcode:1999PNAS
Large-conductance mechanosensitive channel (2,366 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Hydrophobic M2 helices on the periphery of the MscL barrel face the lipid bilayer. It is important to note that the M1 and M2 helices of the same subunit
Embecovirus (601 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
coronaviruses. The viruses of this subgenus, like other coronaviruses, have a lipid bilayer envelope in which the membrane (M), envelope (E) and spike (S) structural
Secretory protein (520 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Overview of the Secretory Pathway. W. H. Freeman. pp. Section 17.3. 3D structures of secreted peptides and proteins that interact with lipid bilayer
Marseilleviridae (1,013 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
particles (left and center) and enlarged diagram of structure near a vertex. Black arrows indicate Large Dense Bodies. White arrows indicate lipid bilayer.
YedZ family (987 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
shuttle, moving cytoplasmic electrons derived from NADPH across the lipid bilayer to the extracellular face where they are used to reduce Fe3+ to Fe2+
Philip A. Gale (1,550 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
that uses fatty acids as fuels to create a chloride gradient across a lipid bilayer membrane, and the development of anion transporters that can be switched
Sec14 (972 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
phospholipid exchange. The protein-phospholipid complex associates with a lipid bilayer, discharges the bound phospholipid into the bilayer, and upon recognition
Discovery and development of beta2 agonists (3,132 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
membrane lipid bilayer and in the aqueous biophase closest to the binding site of the β2-adrenoceptor. It is postulated that the plasmalemma lipid bilayer of
Endocannabinoid reuptake inhibitor (727 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
lipophilic molecules endocannabinoids readily pass through the cell lipid bilayer without assistance and would more likely need a chaperone through the
C1 domain (333 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
domain (C1 domain) C1 domain of PKC-delta (1ptr) Middle plane of the lipid bilayer - black dots. Boundary of the hydrocarbon core region - blue dots (cytoplasmic
Hereditary spherocytosis (2,049 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
reduced density of the membrane skeleton, destabilizing the overlying lipid bilayer and releasing band 3-containing microvesicles. 2) Defects of band 3
NEU3 (1,111 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
gangliosides. It may play a role in modulating the ganglioside content of the lipid bilayer. NEU3 has been shown to interact with Grb2. GRCh38: Ensembl release
Alan Williams (immunologist) (633 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
cDNA clones that the rat leukocyte-common antigen (T200) spans the lipid bilayer and contains a cytoplasmic domain of 80,000 Mr". Cell. 41 (1): 83–93
Biology Monte Carlo method (5,060 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
artificial nanopores like a Carbon Nano Tube, CNT), with a membrane (i.e. lipid bilayer) that separates two ion baths on either side. BioMOCA is based on two
Asteroid body (259 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Ultrastructural analysis of asteroid bodies: Evidence for membrane lipid bilayer nature of components". Ultrastruct Pathol. 16 (4): 413–421. doi:10
POPC (88 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
eukaryotic cell membranes. Stephen G. Sligar. "Nanodisc Technology: Soluble Lipid Bilayer Systems for Structural and Functional Studies of Membrane Proteins"
Dual-polarization interferometry (750 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
by Waveguide Spectroscopy and Its Application to Study of Supported Lipid Bilayer Formation Kinetics". Analytical Chemistry. 80 (10): 3666–76. doi:10
Protein K (porin) (153 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
K of Escherichia coli: purification and pore-forming properties in lipid bilayer membranes. J Bacteriol 156(2): 873-879 Sutcliffe J, Blumenthal R, Walter
Yop1p (1,464 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the lipid bilayer. All DP1/Yop1p proteins and reticulons also form higher-order oligomers that form arc-like structures that mold the lipid bilayer of
Glycolipid (1,594 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
that the lipid as a whole has a polar head and a non-polar tail. The lipid bilayer of the cell membrane consists of two layers of lipids, with the inner
MinD (520 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
studies of the Min system are done on a two dimensional supporting lipid bilayer. Fluorescent labelling of MinD has revealed that it tends to form a
Aldehyde dehydrogenase 3 family, member A1 (2,531 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
situated in the lipid bilayer of the cell membrane to produce lipid radicals. These lipid radicals propagate, further damaging the lipid bilayer and producing
Fatty acid desaturase (968 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
A, Lewis J, Raff M, Roberts K, Walter P (2002). "The Fluidity of a Lipid Bilayer Depends on Its Composition". Molecular Biology of the Cell (4th ed.)
Costamere (1,124 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of contraction and stretching. The proteins mechanically support the lipid bilayer, and also may facilitate an organized folding of the plasma membrane
DDAIP (364 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
permeation enhancer that temporarily changes the permeation dynamics of the lipid bilayer and opens up the tight junctions between skin cells so active drug molecules
Oxaloacetate decarboxylase (1,316 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
oxaloacetate affords the necessary free energy to pump sodium ions across the lipid bilayer. The resulting sodium gradient drives the synthesis of ATP, solute transport
Spin label (384 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
understand membrane fluidity conditions at different depths of their lipid bilayer organization. Clore GM; Iwahara J (2009). "Theory, practice and applications
Oxaloacetate decarboxylase (1,316 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
oxaloacetate affords the necessary free energy to pump sodium ions across the lipid bilayer. The resulting sodium gradient drives the synthesis of ATP, solute transport
Potential of mean force (678 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
distance between two residues, or as a protein is pulled through a lipid bilayer. It can be a geometrical coordinate or a more general energetic (solvent)
Intermembrane space (1,060 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
across the IMS of chloroplasts. The nuclear envelope is composed of two lipid bilayer membranes that are penetrated by nuclear pores and separated by a small
James J. Chou (1,414 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and bicelles to investigate small membrane protein domains in near lipid bilayer environment. As an independent investigator, Dr. Chou continued NMR
MDynaMix (702 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lyubartsev (2008). "Modification of the CHARMM force field for DMPC lipid bilayer". Journal of Computational Chemistry. 29 (14): 2359–2369. doi:10.1002/jcc
Glycerophospholipid (1,783 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
biological membranes. Their amphipathic nature drives the formation of the lipid bilayer structure of membranes. The cell membrane seen under the electron microscope
Thylakoid (4,357 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
pattern of dark and light bands measuring each 1 nanometre. The thylakoid lipid bilayer shares characteristic features with prokaryotic membranes and the inner
Retinylidene protein (1,023 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Genome Biol. 6 (3): 213. doi:10.1186/gb-2005-6-3-213. PMC 1088937. PMID 15774036. Calculated positions of retinylidene proteins in the lipid bilayer
Vesosome (799 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
different functions. If suitable receptors are included in the outer lipid bilayer of vesosomes during their preparation, then they are able to locate
Michigan State University College of Natural Science (1,324 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
organic and perovskite solar cells; phase behavior of nanoparticle-lipid bilayer systems with applications to nanotoxicology; and finding the atomic
Lipoplatin (955 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
membrane because of the presence of the fusogenic lipid DPPG in their lipid bilayer; an alternative mechanism proposed is that lipoplatin is taken by endocytosis
Melanocortin receptor (1,092 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Headings (MeSH) Calculated spatial position of melanocortin-4 receptor in the lipid bilayer, inactive state with antagonist and active state with agonist
WALP peptide (512 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
amino acids prefer a higher position, farther from the interior of the lipid bilayer, in order to maintain their energetically favorable interaction with
Cytosis (1,188 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
to repair damaged areas of the plasma membrane by replenishing the lipid bilayer. Constitutive secretion (irregulated exocytosis) This is when the vesicle
Erwin Neher (800 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
single ion channels on a live cell (they were first recorded using the lipid bilayer method) through their development of the patch-clamp technique, a project
Beta-propeller phytase (2,104 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
formation by Escherichia coli alpha-hemolysin in red blood cells and lipid bilayer membranes". European Journal of Biochemistry. 240 (2): 454–60. doi:10
SOAT1 (1,386 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
features such as the presence of multiple charged residues within the lipid bilayer. These features can render challenging the integration of a TMD into
Epithelial polarity (1,235 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
membranes. The fourth principle is lipid modification. A component of the lipid bilayer, phosphatidyl inositol phosphate (PIP) can be phosphorylated to form
D-Amino acid (1,567 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(September 1993). "High-resolution conformation of gramicidin A in a lipid bilayer by solid-state NMR". Science. 261 (5127): 1457–60. Bibcode:1993Sci.
Aquaporin 1 (1,208 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Alexandrine (2008). "The Architecture of a Water-Selective Pore in the Lipid Bilayer Visualized by Electron Crystallography in Vitreous Ice". Ion Channels:
White spot syndrome (1,782 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
is 120–205 nm long and 95–165 nm in diameter. The virus has an outer lipid bilayer membrane envelope, sometimes with a tail-like appendage at one end of
CYP2J2 (1,880 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Incorporation of charged residues in the CYP2J2 F-G loop disrupts CYP2J2-lipid bilayer interactions". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes. 1848
Surface science (2,384 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
by Waveguide Spectroscopy and Its Application to Study of Supported Lipid Bilayer Formation Kinetics". Analytical Chemistry. 80 (10): 3666–76. doi:10
SERINC5 (529 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
believed that SERINC5 proteins help incorporate serine into certain lipid bilayer membranes; however, scientists are unsure of their primary function
Salmeterol (1,372 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
agonist, albuterol. Unlike albuterol, salmeterol becomes dissolved in the lipid bilayer of the cell membrane, and its gradual dissociation from the cell membrane
Salmeterol (1,372 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
agonist, albuterol. Unlike albuterol, salmeterol becomes dissolved in the lipid bilayer of the cell membrane, and its gradual dissociation from the cell membrane
Surfactin (1,671 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
detergent-like activity as it is able to create a permeable environment for the lipid bilayer and causes disruption that solubilizes the membrane. For surfactin to
Microparticle (2,082 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
microparticles are thought to be shed from the plasma membrane of the cell as lipid bilayer-bound entities that are typically larger than 100 nm in diameter. "Microparticle"
Yoshihiro Kawaoka (672 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Ebola virus vp40-induced particle formation and association with the lipid bilayer". J Virol. 75 (11): 5205–5214. doi:10.1128/JVI.75.11.5205-5214.2001
Paraben (3,643 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
membrane, it is possible that its greater lipid solubility disrupts the lipid bilayer, thereby interfering with bacterial membrane transport processes and
Aminolevulinic acid (1,379 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Modelling the behavior of 5-aminolevulinic acid and its alkyl esters in a lipid bilayer". Chemical Physics Letters. 463 (1–3): 178. Bibcode:2008CPL...463..178E
Fluctuation spectrum (453 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Edholm, Olle (2011-05-04). "Interpretation of Fluctuation Spectra in Lipid Bilayer Simulations". Biophysical Journal. 100 (9): 2104–2111. Bibcode:2011BpJ
Nucleoporin (2,143 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
either ring, and some transmembrane proteins anchor the assembly to the lipid bilayer. In a scaffold subcomplex, both the cytoplasm and the nucleoplasm rings
B-cell receptor (2,143 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
consists of a hydrophobic stretch that is short, which spreads across the lipid bilayer of the membrane. There are several signaling pathways that the B cell
Alphavirus (3,142 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
icosahedral symmetry. The E1 and E2 viral glycoproteins are embedded in the lipid bilayer. Single E1 and E2 molecules associate to form heterodimers. The E1–E2
P2X purinoreceptor (2,608 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
to do by interacting with the transmembrane domains from within the lipid bilayer. P2RX1 InterPro: IPR003044 P2RX2 InterPro: IPR003045 P2RX3 InterPro: IPR003046
Gammaretrovirus (2,199 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
membrane that surround the viral capsid, it is a host cell derived lipid bilayer. The genome of the gammaretrovirus is a single-stranded RNA (+) genome
Methionine sulfoxide (966 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Proteins with great amount of methionine residues tend to exist within the lipid bilayer as methionine is one of the most hydrophobic amino acids. Those methionine
Glycosome (1,922 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the glycosome is separate, surrounded by membrane. The membrane is a lipid bilayer. The glycogen that is found within the glycosome is identical to glycogen
Steroid hormone receptor (2,199 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
evidence that certain steroid hormone receptors can extend through lipid bilayer membranes at the surface of cells and might be able to interact with
Solid lipid nanoparticle (2,371 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
endocytosis. Nanomedicine, the general field Micelle, lipid cored Liposome, lipid bilayer shell, an earlier form with some limitations Lipoplex, a complex of
Gabriela Schlau-Cohen (969 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Y. Lu, R. E. Blankenship, J. Cao, G. S. Schlau-Cohen. Impact of the lipid bilayer on energy transfer kinetics in the photosynthetic protein LH2. Chemical
Chloride channel (2,528 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
transmembrane segments. The purified complex, when reconstituted in a planar lipid bilayer, behaved as an anion-selective channel. It was regulated by Ca2+ via
Jeremy R. Knowles (1,277 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
membrane labeling. 2. Phenylcarbene and adamantylidene formed within the lipid bilayer". Biochemistry. 17 (12): 2420–2423. doi:10.1021/bi00605a026. PMID 678520
Connexin (2,441 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
plasma membrane of the cell, the hemichannels freely diffuse within the lipid bilayer. Through the aid of specific proteins, mainly cadherins, the hemichannels
Secretion (2,998 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
forming nano-scale spherical structures made of a lipopolysaccharide-rich lipid bilayer enclosing periplasmic materials, and are deployed for membrane vesicle
Chemoton (1,650 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
three subsystems, namely an autocatalytic network for metabolism, a lipid bilayer for structural organisation, and a replicating machinery for information
Trogocytosis (2,082 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
or closely associated to the plasma membrane (proteins spanning the lipid bilayer or inserted in the extracellular or intracellular leaflets). For instance
Prokaryotic cytoskeleton (3,037 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the Min proteins has been reconstituted in vitro using an artificial lipid bilayer as mimic for the cell membrane. MinE and MinD self-organized into parallel
Attenuated total reflectance (900 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Polyhistidine-tags, allowing the macromolecule to be anchored to a lipid bilayer, which is attached to a Germanium crystal or other suitable optical
Halobacterium (2,306 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
place. Halobacterium species are rod-shaped and enveloped by a single lipid bilayer membrane surrounded by an S-layer made from the cell-surface glycoprotein
Cell mechanics (1,960 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
All animal cells are encased within a cell membrane made of a thin lipid bilayer that protects the cell from exposure to the outside environment. Using
Constructive development (biology) (1,540 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
that forms a barrier between the inside and outside of the cell is a lipid bilayer that forms as result of the thermodynamic properties of the phospholipids
Polyethylene glycol (3,834 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
for the determination of the pore radius of ion channels in planar lipid bilayer membranes". FEMS Microbiology Immunology. 5 (1–3): 93–100. doi:10
Stimulus (physiology) (3,935 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
membrane-phospholipid interface, elements of the nuclear matrix, chromatin, and the lipid bilayer. Response can be twofold: the extracellular matrix, for example, is
Bradford protein assay (2,959 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
extracts because it is used to lyse cells by disrupting the membrane lipid bilayer and to denature proteins for SDS-PAGE. While other detergents interfere
Dendrite (2,677 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ion species has its own corresponding protein channel located in the lipid bilayer of the cell membrane. The cell membrane of neurons covers the axons
Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (2,204 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
single time-point "snapshot" of a molecular dynamics simulation of DPPC lipid bilayer formation in a two phase system. DPPC (color elements) interacts with
Robert Charles Hider (1,035 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
AF, Helliwell J and Hider RC. The interaction of bee melittin with lipid bilayer membranes. Biochim. Biophys. Acta., 1978; 510, 75-86. Drake AF and Hider
DiI (960 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
based on their vertical sinking into or floating up with respect to a lipid bilayer driven by electric field which changes their fluorescence due to the
Phycodnaviridae (9,320 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
have a double-stranded DNA genome, and a protein core surrounded by a lipid bilayer and an icosahedral capsid. The capsid has 2, 3 and 5 fold axis of symmetry
Stem cell secretome (1,495 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
that are normally discharged and have boundaries that are formed by a lipid bilayer. Although cells can replicate, extracellular vesical is not able to
Epitope mapping (2,672 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
regions (epitopes) that fold correctly only when in the context of a lipid bilayer. As a result, mAb epitopes on these membrane proteins are often conformational
Cation diffusion facilitator (1,454 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
resolution structure of a YiiP homolog from Shewanella oneidensis within a lipid bilayer in the absence of Zn2+. Starting from the x-ray structure in the presence
Beta-2 adrenergic receptor (3,297 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
involving production of a fusion protein with an agonist, supported lipid-bilayer co-crystallization and generation of a 3.5 Å resolution structure. The
List of types of proteins (2,439 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cells, and, in eukaryotes, many organelles; may be a single or double lipid bilayer; also includes associated proteins." See the Membrane biology category
Halobacterium salinarum (2,253 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
appeared on Earth billions of years ago. The membrane consists of a single lipid bilayer surrounded by an S-layer. The S-layer is made of a cell-surface glycoprotein
Parvoviridae (4,004 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
domain on the VP1 N-termini are exposed so the virion can penetrate lipid bilayer membranes. Intracellular trafficking of virions varies, but virions
RTX toxin (2,523 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(2008-01-01). "Pore formation by the Bordetella adenylate cyclase toxin in lipid bilayer membranes: role of voltage and pH". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)
Reporter virus particles (1,073 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
SARS-CoV-2 RVPs contain the viral Spike protein embedded in a lipid bilayer, a lentiviral core, and a reporter gene.
Computational neuroscience (4,252 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
sensitive ion channels are glycoprotein molecules which extend through the lipid bilayer, allowing ions to traverse under certain conditions through the axolemma)
Small interfering RNA (5,628 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the making of hydrophilic pores and localized perturbations in the lipid bilayer cell membrane also causing a temporary loss of semipermeability. This
Archaeol (2,082 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
archaea. Liposomes (a spherical vesicle having at least at least one lipid bilayer) of lipids from archaea typically demonstrate extremely low permeability
Entebbe bat virus (1,154 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the viral nucleocapsid and M protein, which forms a shell beneath the lipid bilayer, are broken to facilitate release of the nucleocapsid is not known (Flint)
Pore-forming toxin (3,878 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
PMID 19421192. S2CID 205216795. Structure of Gastermin A channel in the lipid bilayer Song L, Hobaugh MR, Shustak C, Cheley S, Bayley H, Gouaux JE (December
Neural adaptation (3,463 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Mechanotransduction Channel Open Probability Implicates a Role for the Lipid Bilayer". Journal of Neuroscience. 36 (10): 2945–56. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3011-15
Digestion (4,928 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the outer membrane pinch off, forming spherical structures made of a lipid bilayer enclosing periplasmic materials. Vesicles from a number of bacterial
Cytochrome c family (2,188 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
I-III is that the heme attachment occurs at the opposite side of the lipid bilayer compared to the other systems. CYCS; CYC1 "Nomenclature Committee of
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (4,710 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
related to Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors at Wikimedia Commons Calculated spatial position of Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in the lipid bilayer
David W. Deamer (1,314 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Deamer and Branton demonstrated that the freeze-etch method split the lipid bilayer of membranes to reveal integral proteins for the first time, and their
Feline immunodeficiency virus (5,038 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
protein also derived from Gag forms a shell immediately inside of the lipid bilayer. The Env polyprotein encodes the surface glycoprotein (SU) and transmembrane
Wrinkly skin syndrome (2,351 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
power the pumping of protons through the V0 channel, which spans the lipid bilayer of endosomal compartments. Vacuolar ATPases are also localized within
Chemiresistor (2,730 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Saeidmanesh, M.; Zare, M. (2014). "Conductance modulation of charged lipid bilayer using electrolyte-gated graphene-field effect transistor". Nanoscale
Cochlear amplifier (2,350 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
specific voltage-sensitivity of prestin. Prestin densely lines the lipid bilayer of the outer hair cell membranes. Therefore, a change in the shape of
Alan Hodgkin (4,132 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
models represent the biophysical characteristic of cell membranes. The lipid bilayer is represented as a capacitance (Cm). Voltage-gated and leak ion channels
Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (2,420 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
encapsulated inside the spherical core. The enveloped virus is made up of lipid bilayer derived from host cell and virus-specific proteins. The matrix protein
Orthohantavirus (5,236 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
this is rare. Hantavirus virions are about 120–160 nm in diameter. The lipid bilayer of the viral envelope is about 5 nm thick and is embedded with viral
Zaire ebolavirus (5,128 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
encoded glycoprotein (GP) projecting as 7–10 nm long spikes from its lipid bilayer surface. The cylinders are of variable length, typically 800 nm, but
Neuron (7,839 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
lipid molecules with many types of protein structures embedded in it. A lipid bilayer is a powerful electrical insulator, but in neurons, many of the protein
Lipidomics (4,229 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
form aqueous bilayers. Nevertheless, dynamic studies reveal a normal lipid bilayer organisation in thylakoid membranes. Most methods of lipid extraction
Cell-penetrating peptide (7,229 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cell-penetrating peptides and the phosphate groups on both sides of the lipid bilayer, the insertion of positively charged arginine side-chains that nucleate
Polycystin cation channel family (1,424 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
actin-bundling protein known to regulate several types of ion channels. Planer lipid bilayer electrophysiology showed that TRPP3 exhibits cation channel activities
Adenine nucleotide translocator (2,713 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
translocase (as a molecular surface, green) viewed from both sides of a lipid bilayer representing the inner mitocondrial membrane. Left panel (IM): view
Randy Wayne (biologist) (2,227 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
considered that water moved in and out of the plant cell through the lipid bilayer. Wayne, working with Masashi Tazawa, presented most of the now classical
1-Lysophosphatidylcholine (2,136 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
compound 2-acylglycerophosphoethanolamine from the outer leaflet of the lipid bilayer to inner layer. In the laboratory, a method to prepare relatively pure
Gating (electrophysiology) (2,943 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
measurement of ion channels on plasma/organelle membranes using an on-chip lipid bilayer system". Scientific Reports. 8 (1): 17498. Bibcode:2018NatSR...817498K
Fullerene (6,917 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Pu Chun (2007). "Translocation of C 60 and Its Derivatives Across a Lipid Bilayer". Nano Letters. 7 (3): 614–9. Bibcode:2007NanoL...7..614Q. CiteSeerX 10
Ragulator-Rag complex (1,728 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the lysosome because they lack the proteins necessary to bind to its lipid bilayer, so Rag GTPases must instead be anchored to the Ragulator. The Ragulator
Plant nutrition (7,085 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
follows a concentration gradient, moving passively through the cell lipid bilayer membrane without the use of transport proteins. Facilitated diffusion
Metal transporter CNNM3 (1,704 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cellular membrane. The hydrophobic side of this domain, interacts with the lipid bilayer and the hydrophilic side is where magnesium ions cross. Magnesium (Mg2+)
Scanning electron microscope (7,667 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
on" view. The preparation method reveals the proteins embedded in the lipid bilayer. Back-scattered electron imaging, quantitative X-ray analysis, and X-ray
Microbial genetics (5,151 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Archaea come from Gram positive bacteria, which both have a single lipid bilayer, which are resistant to antibiotics. Archaea are similar to mitochondria
Amyloid (6,389 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
protein oligomers. These small aggregates can form ion channels through lipid bilayer membranes and activate NMDA and AMPA receptors. Channel formation has
Amyloid beta (6,808 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fibrils elongate. These aggregate processes can also be studied on lipid bilayer constructs. TPM21 Vivekanandan S, Brender JR, Lee SY, Ramamoorthy A
Snake venom (7,081 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
orientations of snake venom phospholipases A2 and myotoxins in the lipid bilayer. LD50's for most toxic venoms. Australian Venom Research Unit - a general
BNIP3 (2,667 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Incorporation of the BNIP3 transmembrane domain into an artificial lipid bilayer resulted in a pH-dependent conductivity increase. Necrosis-like cell
Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever (4,727 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the viral genome. The envelope is single layered and is formed from a lipid bilayer 5 nm thick. It has no external protrusions. The envelope proteins form
Microbubble (3,800 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
media inside the liposome, while hydrophobic drugs congregate in the lipid bilayer. It has been shown in vitro that macrophages do not engulf these particles
Influenza (12,611 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(RNP) complexes for each segment, all of which are surrounded by a lipid bilayer membrane called the viral envelope. There is a copy of the RdRp, all
Tuberculosis (15,652 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
usually divide in less than an hour. Mycobacteria have an outer membrane lipid bilayer. If a Gram stain is performed, MTB either stains very weakly "Gram-positive"
Olfactory toxicity in fish (2,783 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
irreversibly alter protein structure because they act to solubilize the lipid bilayer of membranes and denature proteins. This can lead to decreased enzyme
Cholesterol-dependent cytolysin (3,454 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cholesterol orients itself toward the polar center of the membrane lipid bilayer, while the 3-β-OH group is oriented closer to the ester bonds formed
Oxidative phosphorylation (9,470 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
it attaches to the surface of the membrane and does not cross the lipid bilayer. In mammals, this metabolic pathway is important in beta oxidation of
Glossary of biology (11,546 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
or sometimes external to a cell, consisting of fluid enclosed by a lipid bilayer. vestigiality The retention during the process of evolution of genetically
Chlorovirus (3,490 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of the virus to contact its host. The outer capsid covers a single lipid bilayer membrane, which is obtained from the host's endoplasmic reticulum. Some
Nanoparticle (11,213 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Notman, R. (2013). "Permeation of polystyrene nanoparticles across model lipid bilayer membranes". Soft Matter. 9 (43): 10265 10274. Bibcode:2013SMat....910265T
Magnetic nanoparticles (5,876 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
is a liposome with magnetic nanoparticles typically embedded in the lipid bilayer. Under an alternating magnetic field, the magnetic nanoparticles are
Transmission of hepadnaviruses (3,303 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
genome, bounding with DNA polymerase. The capsid is enveloped by a lipid bilayer that contains three forms of envelope proteins: small (S) proteins,
Alpha-synuclein (8,464 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
affect the viscosity and the relative amount of fatty acids in the lipid bilayer. Alpha-synuclein is known to directly bind to lipid membranes, associating
Alcohol (drug) (8,815 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
(January 2019). "Cryo-EM structure of the human α1β3γ2 GABAA receptor in a lipid bilayer". Nature. 565 (7740): 516–520. Bibcode:2019Natur.565..516L. doi:10
Lysenin (2,890 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Breaking the sphingomyelin asymmetry between the two leaflets of the lipid bilayer by punching holes in the membrane and inducing lipid flip-flop (reorientation
Surface chemistry of microvasculature (2,314 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
is determined by the Keesom, Debye and London Dispersion forces. The lipid bilayer of an endothelial cell membrane is a hydrophobic surface. The non-polar
Hemagglutinin esterase (3,604 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
creating and covering it. This is similar to the hydrophobic effect in lipid bilayer membranes where nonpolar molecules and in the interior. HEF N-glycosylation
Human herpesvirus 6 (8,820 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
virion is about 2000 angstroms. The virion's outer portion consists of a lipid bilayer membrane that contains viral glycoproteins and is derived from that
NS5B inhibitor (3,775 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
small enveloped, single stranded RNA virus with positive polarity. A lipid bilayer which contains two viral glycoproteins, E1 and E2, forms the envelope
Single-walled carbon nanohorn (7,063 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
delivery by embedding a target protein or immunogenic protein into the lipid bilayer structure. Carbon nanohorn is a promising material for chemical and
Upconverting nanoparticles (6,389 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
important in bioactivity of nanoparticles. A cheaper strategy for making lipid bilayer coating is to use amphiphilic polymers instead of amphiphilic molecules
SULF1 (6,562 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
through electrostatic interactions and not by integration with into the lipid bilayer. In addition to cell membrane association, Sulfs also secreted freely
Glossary of medicine (28,733 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
important in cell signaling. Cytokines are peptides, and cannot cross the lipid bilayer of cells to enter the cytoplasm. Contents:  A B C D E F G H I J K L
Murine respirovirus (27,870 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Sendai virus, as all other envelope viruses, uses host cellular membrane lipid bilayer for viral capsid membrane formation. Binding to a host cell membrane