Find link

language:

jump to random article

Find link is a tool written by Edward Betts.

Longer titles found: Estonians in Abkhazia (view), Estonians in Finland (view), Estonians in Sweden (view), List of Estonians (view), Yestonians (view), 100 great Estonians of the 20th century (view), Ludza Estonians (view), Gauja Estonians (view)

searching for Estonians 223 found (1211 total)

alternate case: estonians

Kailuka (122 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article

62 were Estonians. In 2000 the population was 75, including 35 men and 40 women. There were 74 permanent residents. Of these, 73 were Estonians. Before
Estonian Swedes (1,474 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
islands, it can be assumed that over time some Estonian Swedes mixed with Estonians. The Swedish-speaking population in Estonia persisted for about 650 years
Peetri, Harju County (237 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
2011. According to the census data, share of ethnic Estonians was 82.8%; 17.2% were non-Estonians. There are more than 500 dwelling buildings in Peetri
Paluküla, Hiiu County (45 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Estonia. The population of the village was 78, with all of them being Estonians. "EESTLASTE ARV JA OSATÄHTSUS ELUKOHA (ASULA) JÄRGI, 31. DETSEMBER 2011"
Estonia national football team (5,323 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
that year. The record for most goals is held by Andres Oper with 38. Estonians were introduced to the game of football by English sailors in the first
Through My Window (142 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
stage with Sandra Oxenryd, there were 3 backing singers from Sweden, and Estonians Dagmar Oja and Jelena Juzvik. Following the Contest, the song was covered
1944 (film) (817 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
wins will regard the Estonians on the opposing side as traitors, liable to execution or deportation. Neither side offers the Estonians autonomy from foreign
Einbi (327 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
During the 1880s, Estonians began to move into Einbi. In the beginning of Estonian settlement in Einbi, relations between Estonians and Swedes were tense
Kraasna dialect (252 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
is an extinct South-Estonian dialect spoken in Russia by the Kraasna Estonians who were immigrants to the area. The last native speaker died before World
Vilsandi (1,230 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
prohibited. This park is a popular tourist destination not only for local Estonians, but also people of Finland who are visiting Estonia in greater and greater
Valdemar II of Denmark (2,676 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the end of the day thousands of Estonians lay dead on the field, and Estonia was added to the Danish realm. Estonians were forcibly baptised as Christians
Phosphorite War (945 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Estonia. In the view of Estonians this would have greatly worsened the already fragile demographic balance (the share of Estonians in Estonia dropped from
Battle of Otepää (1217) (237 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
with a victory for the Estonians and Russians. In February 1217, a large Russian force, along with Oeselians and other Estonians, arrived at Otepää to
Ministry of the Interior (Estonia) (379 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
its 100 years of independence. The purpose of this visa is to allow non-Estonians access to Estonian services from abroad. This is an addition to groundbreaking
Battle of Otepää (1217) (237 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
with a victory for the Estonians and Russians. In February 1217, a large Russian force, along with Oeselians and other Estonians, arrived at Otepää to
Revaltoppe (243 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
to have dropped from the sky during a battle between the Danes and the Estonians in 1219. Revaltoppe is the highest peak in a group of nunataks to the
Turanians (121 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Chinese[citation needed][dubious – discuss] Finnic peoples like the Finns, Estonians and Udmurts Hungarians. Turanid race Altaic peoples Hungarian Turanism
8th Estonian Rifle Corps (903 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
August 1941. The 8th Estonian Rifle Corps was formed of mobilized ethnic Estonians, who were at first brought in Russia (where many of them died because
2011 Estonian cyclists abduction (4,011 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in the week in connection with the abduction, were led to identify the Estonians' captors as a gang of Lebanese and Syrian nationals led by fugitive Darwish
St John's Day (Estonia) (698 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
some disgust, Balthasar Russow wrote in his Livonian Chronicle about Estonians who placed more importance on feasting than going to church. He complained
Operation Priboi (3,618 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Russian: Мартовская депортация) by Baltic historians. More than 90,000 Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians, labeled as "enemies of the people", were deported
Battle of St. Matthew's Day (135 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the Estonians. The Germans won, although Caupo of Turaida, a converted Livonian chieftain died. Lembitu was also killed, and many other Estonians were
20th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Estonian) (5,058 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
unhappy with German policies, some Estonians fled to Finland and enlisted in the Finnish Army. Soon after, Estonians formed two companies of the 3rd Battalion
Battle of Cēsis (1210) (191 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
which had become an important strongpoint for the Livonian Order. The Estonians attempted to set the stronghold on fire by building a large turret. Attacking
United Baltic Duchy (1,649 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Provincial Assembly (Vereinigter Landesrat) composed of 35 Baltic Germans, 13 Estonians, and 11 Latvians passed a resolution calling upon the German Emperor to
EML Wambola (M311) (288 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
of arms of the vessel. The battle-axe is a weapon used by the ancient Estonians which also symbolizes their fighting spirit and strength. The ships motto
Estonian Apostolic Orthodox Church (1,388 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and a theological seminary; the majority of the faithful were ethnic Estonians. Its official name is the Orthodox Church of Estonia. The current primate
Monument of Lihula (1,362 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Monument of Lihula is the colloquial name of a monument commemorating the Estonians who fought for Estonia against the Soviet Union in World War II, located
Kristjan Palusalu (476 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Suuperko, Palusalu and his friends shouted "Finnish boys do not shoot Estonians", when they crossed the lines. Palusalu was soon recognized by a person
Estonian passport (1,155 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Ministry of Foreign Affairs. A return support can be applied by ethnic Estonians and Estonian citizens who have lived outside Estonia for 10 years or more
Battle of Lihula (339 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Battle of Lihula or Battle of Leal was fought between invading Swedes and Estonians for the control of a castle in Lihula, Estonia in 1220. The exact date
E-Residency of Estonia (1,761 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
program launched by Estonia on 1 December 2014. The program allows non-Estonians access to Estonian services such as company formation, banking, payment
Battle of Narva (1944) (6,156 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
the Soviet advance allowed over 25,000 Estonians and 3,700 Swedes to flee to neutral Sweden and 6,000 Estonians to Finland. Thousands of refugees died
Ethnic groups in Baltimore (13,334 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Archives. Retrieved 2021-02-04. Pennar, Jaan; Parming, Tönu (July 1975). The Estonians in America, 1627–1975: a chronology & fact book. Ethnic chronology series
Estonian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate (1,774 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and a theological seminary, the majority of the faithful were ethnic Estonians. Its primate is confirmed by the Orthodox Church of Constantinople. This
Freikorps in the Baltic (1,824 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Latvian Riflemen, was making serious inroads into Estonia and Latvia. The Estonians offered tough resistance to the Red Army and refused to ask for, or accept
Russian battleship Slava (2,627 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Sound Strait between the island of Muhu (Moon) and the mainland. The Estonians scrapped her during the 1930s. Slava was 389 feet 5 inches (118.69 m)
Estonian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate (1,774 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and a theological seminary, the majority of the faithful were ethnic Estonians. Its primate is confirmed by the Orthodox Church of Constantinople. This
Recognition of same-sex unions in Estonia (4,472 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
parliamentary group. A poll conducted in June 2009 indicated that 32% of Estonians believed same-sex couples should have the same legal rights as opposite-sex
Russian battleship Slava (2,627 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Sound Strait between the island of Muhu (Moon) and the mainland. The Estonians scrapped her during the 1930s. Slava was 389 feet 5 inches (118.69 m)
Paul Maitla (1,126 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
commander in the German Waffen-SS during World War II. He is one of the four Estonians who received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross of Nazi Germany. He
Suure-Jaani (1,162 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
At the end of the 12th century A.D., the Lehola hill fort of ancient Estonians was built at a location (now known as Lõhavere) approximately two kilometres
Peko (489 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
alive until the 20th century. Today, the Seto people (an ethnic group of Estonians in the south-east of the country) also revere Peko as their national hero
Anton Weiss-Wendt (497 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Minorities since 2006. Weiss-Wendt, Anton (2009). Murder Without Hatred: Estonians and the Holocaust. Syracuse University Press. ISBN 978-0-8156-3228-3.
Tallinn offensive (2,598 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
resistance. The withdrawal was to be backed mainly by the units consisting of Estonians, who, by the estimates of the German army command, would not have wanted
658th Eastern Battalion (436 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Eastern Front World War II military unit of the Wehrmacht composed of Estonians. It was formed on 23 October 1942 from the merger of the 181st Security
Jaanipäev (893 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Jaaniõhtu (the night of Jaanilaupäev, which is the night before Jaanipäev) Estonians will gather with their families or at larger events to celebrate this
Sakala (newspaper) (78 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
political newspaper in Estonian. It was the most popular newspaper among Estonians in the late 19th century. Today it is the local newspaper of Viljandi
Osvald Käpp (261 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
not afford sending an Olympic team to Los Angeles and was recruiting Estonians living in the United States (only Käpp and Alfred Maasik agreed). Lack
1994 Men's Ice Hockey World Championships (486 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Estonia all debuted in Group C, the Slovaks winning the top group, the Estonians winning the bottom group that would be called Group D in two years. American
Narva offensive (15–28 February 1944) (2,764 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
called in reinforcements. These came mostly from the newly mobilised Estonians who were motivated to resist the looming Soviet re-occupation. The Soviet
List of Estonian Americans (1,250 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
oceanographer Toivo Ülo Raun, Ph.D — Historian the author of Estonia and the Estonians Jaak Panksepp (1943–2017) — neuroscientist and psychobiologist Hillar
Battle of Laagna (113 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
mariners and Finnish volunteers against the Red Army. In the morning the Estonians and Finns took Laagna village with a surprise attack and pushed the Red
Pensacola Ice Flyers (411 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
tournament in scoring as the Estonians gained promotion to 2015 IIHF World Championship Division I, Group B. He and the Estonians have competed in Division
Wife-carrying (1,752 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
2010-07-11. "Estonians romp home in wife-carrying contest". Cape Times. 2003-07-07. Retrieved 2010-07-11. Vinha, Laura (2001-07-14). "Estonians on top in
Young Estonia (198 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
education. Our slogan is: More culture! More European culture! Let us remain Estonians, but let us become Europeans too. We want to discover the ideas and forms
Estonia–Russia relations (9,636 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Estonians during the Soviet era together with migration into Estonia from other parts of the Soviet Union resulted in the share of ethnic Estonians in
Seitse (99 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
private Estonian television channel. It includes culture and music for Estonians and Russians of ages 25–45. Music channel Seitse showed at least 400 music
Estonian Citizens' Committees (413 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Citizen's Committees' movements led to a mass resignation of ethnic Estonians from the Estonian Communist Party in December 1989, continuing until February
Tālava (459 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
with the bishop's forces continued their war against the Estonians. In response, the Estonians raided Tālava and captured Tālivaldis in Trikāta, and later
Theoderich von Treyden (157 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
missionary activities in Estonia already in 1191. Theoderich was killed by Estonians at the Battle of Lyndanisse. After his death, the title "Bishop of Estonia"
Estonian anti-German resistance movement 1941–1944 (1,427 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
jailed, deported, or executed by the advancing Soviets. A small number of Estonians were involved in underground resistance during World War II ranging from
Orzeł incident (1,068 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
enemy warships to use neutral ports within certain limits. Initially, the Estonians were quite accommodating of Orzeł and assisted with the repair of a damaged
Ved-ava (173 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ruler of the waters and their bounty; she is known as Vete-ema among the Estonians and Veen emo among the Finns. "Ved-ava." Britannica Concise Encyclopedia
Canute, Duke of Estonia (263 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(Tallinn) in 1219, but was dispossessed as Denmark were thrown out by the Estonians in 1227. As compensation, he was given Blekinge in 1242,[citation needed]
Estophilia (1,012 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the peasants. While vertical mobility was not impossible, the ethnic Estonians that became citizens or landlords tended to Germanise voluntarily. However
Estonian Malacological Society (107 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
survey of land snails, in 2009. It also has issued press releases to warn Estonians about the arrival in the country of invasive snail species that are garden
Malev (film) (242 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
The film depicts Estonian adventures during 13th-century when heathen Estonians are going to be christianized. Ott Sepp as Uru Tark Mirtel Pohla as Ilge
Baltische Landeswehr (1,376 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Latvia and intervened to impose a ceasefire between the Estonians and the Landeswehr when the Estonians were about to march into Riga. In the meantime, an
Siberian Finnish (360 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Siberian Finns. Vieno Zlobina suspected high influence from Siberian Estonians in Siberian Finnish, however Ruben Erik Nirvi theorized that the similar
Tharapita (1,202 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
chronicles, Estonians did not work on Thursdays (days of Thor) and Thursday nights were called "evenings of Tooru". Some sources say Estonians used to gather
Andreas Veerpalu (167 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
German sports doctor Mark Schmidt. On release from police custody both Estonians admitted using blood doping. Andreas is the son of former Estonian cross-country
Popular Front of Estonia (670 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
become a somewhat impossible and unbelievable dream for the majority of Estonians during decades under the Soviet Union. At one point someway problematic
Trawniki men (3,835 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and former Soviet POWs included Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Belarusians, Estonians, Georgians, Latvians, Lithuanians, Russians, Tatars, and Ukrainians. The
Capital punishment in Estonia (309 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Protocol No. 6 to the ECHR was signed. In 2015 a Poll found that 70% of Estonians are in favor of death penalty, this is an increase of support from then
Australia–Estonia relations (2,892 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
companies, is one of the best-known Estonians in Australia. Australia is host to one of the largest communities of Estonians abroad, with 8,232 people identifying
Copterline Flight 103 (1,021 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
were two Finnish crew members and twelve passengers: six Finns, four Estonians and two Americans. There were no survivors. The helicopter was flying
Battle of Paju (663 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
units, a large part of the elite Latvian Riflemen were sent to stop the Estonians. Commander-in-chief Johan Laidoner reinforced the Estonian advance in
Mihkel (film) (184 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
The film stars Icelanders Tómas Lemarquis and Atli Rafn Sigurðsson, and Estonians Pääru Oja as Mihkel and Kaspar Velberg as Igor. It premiered in Iceland
Edgar V. Saks (205 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Treatise on Finno-Ugric Viking Activities describes the ancient history of Estonians and other Finnic peoples living on the shores of the Baltic Sea. His etymological
National Archives of Estonia (685 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
history research. These include data about births, deaths and marriages of Estonians as well as Baltic Germans and the others lived in the area. There are
Gerd Neggo (599 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
correspondence with other Estonians living in Swedish camps. They were instrumental in creating a cultural life for Estonians living in the camps. Olak
Obtshak (275 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
significantly in Finland, where in 2009 high-level drug dealing was controlled by Estonians. In 2005, the Estonian Central Criminal Police noticed a decline in revenues
Estonian Rugby Union (315 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
time in the scrums, which was probably influenced by the fact that the Estonians only had their first-ever scrum machine session on the morning of the
2003 Estonian European Union membership referendum (486 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
predominated, with one poster handed out by the Res Publica Party calling for Estonians to vote Yes 'for access to millions of sexier men'. As the vote neared
Estonian Regiment "Reval" (154 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Tallinn") was formed in the early spring of 1944. The regiment comprised only Estonians, and had three battalions. The regiment was led by Major Rubach, helped
Baltic states under Soviet rule (1944–1991) (2,176 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
dramatically. Lithuania also received immigrants, but to a lesser degree. Ethnic Estonians constituted 88 percent before the war, but in 1970 the figure dropped
Background of the occupation of the Baltic states (2,823 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
to Romania. The Estonians and Latvians concluded a military convention in 1923, which Lithuania joined in 1934. Further, the Estonians and Latvians held
Battle for Narva Bridgehead (9,191 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
first time, Estonians were facing Estonians in combat over Narva river. Loudspeakers were set up on the Soviet side, calling the Estonians on the German
Estonian National Museum (629 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
they were lovers of art the Lipharts were not well regarded by the local Estonians. They were seen as "culturally revolting" Baltic German's at that time
Treading Air (314 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Jaan Kross' thirteenth novel. He tells the story of the generation of Estonians with which he grew up. The unhealed wounds of recent Estonian history
Lāčplēsis (1,797 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
castle of Burtnieks, Laimdota's father. Kangars provokes a war with the Estonians, and Lāčplēsis sets out to fight the giant Kalapuisis (Estonian: Kalevipoeg
List of Estonian Athletics Championships winners (2,172 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Championships existed, before becoming the top level national competition for Estonians upon independence in 1991. 1991: Andrei Morozov 1992: Andrei Morozov 1993:
Garlieb Merkel (388 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(two volumes, 1839-1840). He also wrote the pamphlet Free Latvians and Estonians (1820), which was published in Leipzig. A street is named in his honor
Sõnumileht (203 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
One result of this was that tabloid newspapers became very popular with Estonians and circulation of both newspapers increased. On 3 July 2000, the two
List of Estonian exile and émigré organizations (536 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Committee (Eesti Vabastuskomitee), (established in 1944) Association for Estonians in Great Britain (1947) The Baltic Association in Great Britain Legion
100 krooni (1,145 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
euro, the 100 krooni banknote was the main everyday currency used by Estonians and was commonly dispensed by ATMs in Estonia as well as used for withdrawals
Chechen–Estonia relations (951 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
it Russian Empire, the Soviet Union or the modern Russian Federation. Estonians and Chechens, in addition to actively helping the others' covert activities
1996 in Estonia (90 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
News. 2006-03-14. Retrieved 2012-12-23. Raun, Toivo U. Estonia and the Estonians. Stanford, Calif: Hoover Institution Press, Stanford University, 2001
Wrestling at the 1936 Summer Olympics (163 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Estonians August Neo (left) and Kristjan Palusalu won medals in both wrestling styles at the 1936 Olympics
Lohu (313 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
owned by almost all Baltic German families and signed them over to ethnic Estonians. In 1920, the manor was owned by Johan Pitka although it later changed
Suislepa (433 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
000 people) from 1695 to 1697. The name of Suislepa is familiar to many Estonians thanks to the Suislepa apple cultivar which originates from the orchard
Toomas Sulling (150 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Estonia Medical Centre). In 1999, he was voted one of the 100 greatest Estonians of the 20th century. In 2001, president Lennart Meri awarded him the Order
Intermovement (1,376 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
principles but it gathered almost exclusively supporters from ethnic non-Estonians. The main leader of the movement was Jevgeni Kogan (Russian: Евгений Коган
St. John's Church (Saint Petersburg) (182 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Tsarist government's russification policy and on March 26, 1917, 40,000 Estonians began their march to Tauride Palace demanding national autonomy. Closed
2000 Estonia Census (83 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
actual population recorded was 1,370,052 persons and 67.9% of them were Estonians. Compared to 1989 Estonia Census population was decreased by 195,000 persons
Kõige suurem sõber (400 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and a host of other more or less recurring characters, and is for many Estonians a symbol of childhood and/or children's TV. Unfortunately, most of the
Lembit Kolk (politician) (112 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Sweden, and Kolk was later a member of the board of the Central Council of Estonians in Toronto, Canada. Toomla, Jaan (1999). Valitud ja valitsenud: Eesti
Noarootsi Parish (1,309 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
residents decreased by two-thirds, and many villages died out completely. Estonians from the mainland came to live in the empty villages. It was the start
Kriimani (41 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Parish, Tartu County in eastern Estonia. "Rl004: Number and Share of Estonians by Place of Residence (Settlement), 31 December 2011". Classification
Anu Korb (108 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of folkloristic fieldwork, and Estonian diaspora (especially Siberian Estonians). In 2021, she was awarded with Order of the White Star, V class. monograph
EKool (468 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
involved. It is estimated that this application is used by 28-30% of Estonians in total. The name eKool means eSchool in Estonian. The system is usable
Estonia–Sri Lanka relations (1,049 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fact lots of them, don’t know much about Estonia and the majority of the Estonians do not know anything about Sri Lanka, either. To know each other and to
Estonia–India relations (1,542 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
articles on India which were widely popular contributed further to the Estonians' knowledge on the country as he published up-to-date information on the
Society of Estonian Literati (304 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
literature in to enrich Estonian social life and a greater understanding by Estonians of their history and culture. The society published approximately 100
Valga County (6,043 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
national border. Half of the citizens were Latvians, the other half were Estonians. In 1920 the national border was fixed and that helped to differentiate
Kingisepp–Gdov offensive (2,268 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
called in reinforcements. These came mostly from the newly mobilised Estonians motivated to resist the looming Soviet re-occupation. At the same time
Mihkel Martna (333 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
workers' movement, socialism and Marxism. As he was one of the first Estonians to be active in this field, he came to be called "the father of Estonian
Tero Kalliolevo (244 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
doubles competition. With the club JFGI (Tero Kalliolevo, Jussi Suvanto, Estonians Ove Põder and Tauno Vahter) he edged out Ashman's Milhous Warriors for
Lutsi (60 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lutsi may refer to: Lutsi, Estonian name of Ludza, a city in Latvia Lutsi Estonians, a historic ethnic group in Latvia Lutsi dialect, South Estonian dialect
Ain-Ervin Mere (434 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and Jaan Viik. The police were also actively engaged in actions against Estonians deemed to be opponents of Nazi Germany. Though at the time he was residing
Anund (567 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
that Anund succeeded his father King Yngvar who fell in battle with the Estonians. After his father's wars against Danish Vikings and Estonian Vikings,
Nordic identity in Estonia (1,627 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
nations and we can assume that this view is common in younger ethnic Estonians including young adults. An important element in Estonia's post-independence
Friedrichshafen FF.41 (556 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
torpedoes was removed. This aircraft was in use between 1918–23. The Estonians found an unairworthy Friedrichshafen FF.41a in the Tallinn hangars. The
Estonia at the 2020 Summer Paralympics (115 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
BBC Sport. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020. "Revealed the final Estonians going to the Tokyo Paralympic Games (in Estonian)". Estonian Paralympic
Rove Digital (300 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
court had previously refused to block the extradition of the two other Estonians charged in the case, Anton Ivanov and Valeri Aleksejev. Those defendants
Alfred Maasik (161 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
who could not afford sending a team to Los Angeles and were looking for Estonians residing in the United States. Only Osvald Käpp and Maasik agreed to compete
Canute Guild (108 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Great Guild. By nationality, most of the guild's members were German. For Estonians, becoming a guild's member was restricted, especially between 1508 and
Juhan Leinberg (316 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fiction, but was based on letters and notes of interviews with Crimean Estonians. Finnish author Aino Kallas wrote a short story titled Lasnamäen valkea
Treaty of Tartu (Estonia–Russia) (798 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
into revolution and civil war. As a part of this larger conflict, the Estonians declared independence from Russia and won their freedom during the Estonian
Thirlmere, New South Wales (1,165 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
avoid being sent to Siberia for alleged political and economic crimes. Estonians are largely responsible for the development of the successful poultry
Northwestern Army (Russia) (1,432 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Together with the Finnish counterrevolutionary forces of Mannerheim, the Estonians and the Northern Corps were able to stop the advance of the Bolsheviks
Estonian Sign Language (660 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
It is widespread in the cities of Tallinn and Pärnu among deaf ethnic Estonians; deaf Russians in Tallinn use Russian Sign Language, Russians outside
Swedish Brigade (199 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
missing. According to the Swedish Brigade war diaries, they executed three Estonians in the village of Hauho in 2 May. One of them was described as ″well-dressed″
Geislingen an der Steige (2,517 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
architects Kolmar and Aren, reflecting the fate of Estonians in exile. The names of 102 Estonians who died in Geislingen were carved in stone, with later
Lennart Meri (2,553 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the Meri family was deported to Siberia along with thousands of other Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians sharing the same fate. Heads of the family were
Lydia Koidula (1,880 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kreutzwald had translated two verse tragedies. In the late 1860s, both Estonians and Finns started to develop performances in their native tongues and
1223 (264 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Sicilian fleet fails in its attempt to reconquer Jerba. Livonian Crusade: Estonians revolt against the Livonian Brothers of the Sword and Denmark, and for
Õ (562 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
using foreign keyboard layouts where the letter Õ is not available, some Estonians use the characters O or 6 to approximate this letter. In most parts of
Freygeirr (526 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
took place during a joint Swedish-Kievan Rus' expedition against the Estonians of Saaremaa. Jansson 1980:24 Pritsak 1981:357 Pritsak 1981:397ff Rundata
Mart Kuldkepp (224 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
political and cultural contacts in the twentieth century, questions of Estonians' nordic identity, and Old Norse literature and culture. At the University
Jüri Uluots (929 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
000 draftees appeared at German registration centers. Several thousand Estonians who had joined the Finnish army came back across the Gulf of Finland to
Purge (novel) (2,026 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
resistance was defeated, the population remained anti-Soviet. This helped Estonians to organise a new resistance movement in the late 1980s, regain their
U.S. Army Garrison Schweinfurt (482 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Corps; the former Panzerkaserne was used as a refugee camp for displaced Estonians, Yugoslavs, Lithuanians, and Poles, while also containing U.S. consular
Foreign support of Finland in the Winter War (3,233 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
created by Nazi Germany in Denmark during World War II), about 1,000 Estonians, 850 Ukrainians,[better source needed] 725 Norwegians, 372 Ingrians, 366
Nikolajs Štelbaums (396 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Soviet mass deportation project Operation Priboi of more than 90,000 Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians. During his skating career he lived in Omsk
Democratic Bloc (Estonia) (161 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Ronald Grigor (1993). The Revenge of the Past. ISBN 978-0-8047-2247-6. Toivo U. Raun (2001) Estonia and the Estonians, Hoover Press, p103 Raun, p104
Estonia at the 1928 Summer Olympics (98 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Harald Tammer, Arnold Veiss and Johannes Villemson. Other delegations Estonians in other delegations were 1924 Summer Olympics bronze medalist Aleksander
Ei ole üksi ükski maa (179 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ironized the widespread intolerance towards refugees, gays and simply other Estonians. The text written by Märt Avandi, Ott Sepp and Õ-Fraktsioon also alluded
Haaga executions of 1918 (825 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the Estonians present thought they identified the body of their former Estonian Deputy Prime Minister Jüri Vilms. According to the story the Estonians told
Drużno (3,172 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Wulfstan is interpreting the source of Tacitus' Aestii as Eastland. The Estonians ultimately inherited the name, but in Wulfstan it has to mean at least
Soviet occupation of the Baltic states (1944) (2,084 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
clear that Germany would be defeated, many Lithuanians, Latvians and Estonians joined the Germans once again. It was hoped that by engaging in such a
Positivus Festival (694 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Positivus an unofficial yearly meeting of the two neighbour countries. Estonians call it "Estonia's biggest music festival in Latvia". Positivus is held
Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War (10,646 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
when British Gen. Gough requested on 8 August Estonians for the military assistance to Yudenich, Estonians in return asked both Yudenich and the Allies
Chuvans (269 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Other ethnic peoples Abaza–Abkhaz Arabs Armenians Belarusians Besermyan Estonians Finns Georgians Germans Volga Germans Greeks Japanese Jews Kazakhs Kurds
Inhabitants of Saaremaa (1,475 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Bishopric of Ösel-Wiek, the forces of Danish Estonia including mainland Estonians and Latvians defeated the Oeselians by conquering the Kaarma stronghold
Estonian Institute of Historical Memory (1,855 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
century and is one of the main symbols of Soviet political terror for Estonians. The museum will introduce crimes committed by both the Soviet and Nazi
Deportation of the Soviet Greeks (973 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Soviet Union, but was later expanded to also include Latvians, Germans, Estonians, Finns, Greeks, Iranians and Chinese. There was no widespread counter-revolutionary
Erna long-range reconnaissance group (750 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Finland, Major Aksel Kristian, in the spring of 1941 had compiled a list of Estonians in Finland who wanted to liberate their homeland. Finnish intelligence
Virumaa (565 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
stronghold of Tarwanpe and mediated peace between Germans, Danes and Estonians. A year later the Vironian territories were taken by Brothers of the Sword
Battle of Petrograd (601 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
If the Estonians took the peace deal with the RSFSR, the Northwestern Army would have no base for operations. In an effort to keep the Estonians loyal
Bloor Street Culture Corridor (317 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Japan Foundation, Toronto Miles Nadal Jewish Community Centre Museum of Estonians Abroad (VEMU) Native Canadian Centre of Toronto Randolph Centre for the
Kõue Manor (453 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of St. George’s Night and lost the Manor during the suppression of the Estonians in the aftermath. However, Kau has been a home to warriors, artists, explorers
Estonia national rugby union team (425 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
time in the scrums, which was probably influenced by the fact that the Estonians only had their first-ever scrum machine session on the morning of the
Revala (129 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press. p. 103. ISBN 0-8108-4904-6. Raun, Toivo (2001). Estonia and the Estonians. Hoover Press. p. 11. ISBN 0-8179-2852-9. v t e
Ingria (2,270 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the rest in Petrograd). From 1868 Estonians began to migrate to Ingria as well. In 1897 the number of Estonians inhabiting the Saint Petersburg Governorate
Otepää (725 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1208. The fort was attacked again in 1217, when Christianized southern Estonians stopped the Kievan Rus' advances. The fort at Otepää was finally conquered
2007 cyberattacks on Estonia (2,625 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
from parties in higher positions. At the same time he called claims of Estonians regarding direct involvement of Russian government in the attacks "empty
7th Army (RSFSR) (510 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
division launched a counter-offensive, and already on January 19 the Estonians and Finns took Narva and entered the territory of the Petrograd Governate
Izyaslav-class destroyer (368 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Captured by the British in 1918, given to the Estonian Navy and sold by the Estonians to Peru, in 1933, scrapped, 1954 Izyaslav - renamed Karl Marx 27 June
1948 Finnish parliamentary election (477 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Leino for deporting to the Soviet Union Ingrian Finns, East Karelians and Estonians who had bravely fought in the Finnish army during the Continuation War
Inflanty Voivodeship (777 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
still differs from it, as the Latvians interacted and mixed with the Estonians in central and northern Inflanty. The province, together with Courland
1st Infantry Brigade (Estonia) (437 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Peter the Great's Naval Fortress was formed in Tallinn, recruited from Estonians. In May 1917, the regiment was renamed 1st Estonian Infantry Regiment
Toompea (2,877 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
which was fought near the castle and resulted Danish victory over the Estonians, a cathedral was also built on the hill, though it was probably not located
Baltic Way (3,659 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
splitting off from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. On 8 August 1989, Estonians attempted to amend election laws to limit voting rights of new immigrants
Leselidze (town) (568 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
1959, Leselidze was principally inhabited by Russians, Armenians, and Estonians. Gagra District Giorgi Gogiashvili Abkhazia is the subject of a territorial
Võru County (1,126 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and 1 urban municipality - Võru town. In Võru County, there are 95,3% Estonians, 3,3% Russians and 1,4% other nationalities. Two indigenous ethnic groups
Kalamaja Cemetery (551 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
centuries. It was the principal burial ground of the ethnic Swedish and Estonians living in or around Tallinn. Until the mid to late 19th century the majority
Tartu offensive (1,951 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
agriculture began in 1947, and was completed after the mass deportation of Estonians in March 1949. All private farms were confiscated, and farmers were made
Kalamaja Cemetery (551 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
centuries. It was the principal burial ground of the ethnic Swedish and Estonians living in or around Tallinn. Until the mid to late 19th century the majority
Denmark–Estonia relations (616 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the Danish fleet landed in the major harbor of Estonia and defeated the Estonians in the Battle of Lindanise that brought Northern Estonia under Danish
Soviet war crimes (14,199 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
was broken up, its officers executed or deported. In 1941, some 34,000 Estonians were drafted into the Red Army, of whom less than 30% survived the war
Greek Operation of the NKVD (1,070 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Soviet Union, but was later expanded to also include Latvians, Germans, Estonians, Finns, Greeks, Iranians and Chinese. The prosecution of Greeks in USSR
1998 Men's Ice Hockey World Championships (262 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
finishers advanced to qualifying tournaments for inclusion in Group A. The Estonians came into the final game knowing they could lose by four and still advance
1st Division (Estonia) (953 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
unsuccessful attacks against 1st Division positions. By April 11,000 Estonians of the 1st Division were facing 16,000 Soviets near Narva, during which
Hietaniemi Cemetery (823 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Hietaniemi cemetery (in Finnish) Hietaniemi cemetery at Find a Grave * "Famous Estonians and the Friends of Estonia at Hietaniemi" (in Estonian). May 25, 2018
King of Kvenland (1,440 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Wends, Finns, Karelians, Lapps in the Northland, the Caijanians, and Estonians in Livonia, etc."). Charles IX's son Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden dropped
Kuremaa (1,179 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Brill. p. 201. ISBN 9949-10-117-4. Raun, Toivo U. (2002). Estonia and Estonians. Studies of Nationalities (2nd ed.). Hoover Press. p. 128. ISBN 9780817928520
Saint John's Eve (5,554 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
to see themselves as having a definite place in the local community. Estonians celebrate "Jaaniõhtu" on the eve of the Summer Solstice (June 23) with
Estonia electoral district (Russian Constituent Assembly election, 1917) (314 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Мысль. pp. 273–328. Toivo U. Raun (1 February 2002). Estonia and the Estonians: Second Edition, Updated. Hoover Press. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-8179-2853-7
Ethnic minorities in Lithuania (976 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Moldovans 540 0.01 Azerbaijani 648 0.02 Chinese 500 0.015 Georgians 372 0.01 Estonians 314 0.01 African 264 0.01 Karaites 241 0.008 Bulgarians 170 0.006 Chuvashs
Karl Ristikivi (4,189 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
was mobilised into the German army. As the German occupation weakened, Estonians began to worry what would happen if the Russians returned. For instance
Conservative People's Party of Estonia (5,420 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
characterized by low birth rate and emigration of more than 100,000 Estonians in recent years. To counter the falling birth rate, the party has proposed
Harjumaa (ancient county) (82 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Estonia St. George's Night Uprising Varbola Stronghold Raun, Toivo (2001). Estonia and the Estonians. Hoover Press. p. 11. ISBN 0-8179-2852-9. v t e
Sky father (869 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
idea of a sky father - among other "sacrednesses" - is something all Estonians are well aware of. In newer history, after the arrival of Christianity
Metsatöll (926 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
commentaries in the local media, there was talk[who?] of the true mind of the Estonians, the destruction of the negative effects of the English language and the
Phyletism (1,426 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
State report from November 2003, about 20,000 believers (mostly ethnic Estonians) in 60 parishes are part of the autonomous church, with 150,000 faithful
Harald Nugiseks (975 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
gap in the line, but the Soviets called on massive reinforcements. The Estonians were short of men and facing insuperable odds. The Estonian volunteers
North Germanic peoples (10,688 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
which they would leave a profound influence, particularly on the ancient Estonians. During the Iron Age various Germanic tribes migrated from Scandinavia
Vyachko (1,397 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
sacrificed to pagan gods. After the German garrisons had been killed the Estonians occupied all the fortresses. In order to secure their initial military
1905 Russian Revolution (9,716 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
troops and ships of the Baltic Fleet. In the Governorate of Estonia, Estonians called for freedom of the press and assembly, for universal suffrage,
Occupation of the Baltic states (10,390 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
treaty of mutual assistance to establish military bases in Estonia. The Estonians were thus coerced to accept naval, air and army bases on two Estonian
Tallinn Song Festival Grounds (807 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Estonian Song Festivals. It is open for the public all year long. In 1988, Estonians gathered at the Tallinn Song Festival Grounds, to sing patriotic hymns
Joint Baltic American National Committee (743 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
alausa.org/lv/ Riskus, Justin G. (2013). Elliott Robert Barkan (ed.). Estonians and Estonian Americans, 1940 - Present. Immigrants in American History:
Raadi Manor (677 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
were viewed as "ideologically and culturally revolting" by the local Estonians. Despite this the museum was popular and the grounds became a place for
Arsal (1,196 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
deadly attacks on the Lebanese army as well as the kidnapping of seven Estonians in 2011. He is also believed to be active with the Free Syrian Army. Town
Estonia national cricket team (642 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
willing to pass on experience and general playing tips to up and coming Estonians for the future of Cricket here. The following list contains players who
Alyutors (558 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Other ethnic peoples Abaza–Abkhaz Arabs Armenians Belarusians Besermyan Estonians Finns Georgians Germans Volga Germans Greeks Japanese Jews Kazakhs Kurds
Eurovision Song Contest 2002 (2,689 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
happen in Estonian clubs..."  United Kingdom – The Ugly Duckling / "Young Estonians flying high"  Austria – The Three Bears / "No parking spaces... Theatres
Lustration (1,277 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
genocide by Estonian authorities for participating in the deportations of Estonians in Hiiumaa during 1949. Meri denied the accusation, characterizing them
Russians in the Baltic states (2,973 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
affected not only ethnic Russians, but also the descendants of those ethnic Estonians and Latvians who emigrated from these countries before independence was
Repatriation of Poles (1955–1959) (588 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina Chechens and Ingush Chinese Crimean Tatars Estonians Germans from Romania Greeks NKVD operation Ingrian Finns Kalmyks Karachays
List of wars involving Sweden (3,518 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Swedish kingdom Karelians, Estonians or/and Curonians pillage Sigtuna (1187) Location: Sigtuna Sweden Karelians Estonians Curonians Eric Chronicles describe
Pärnu Postimees (135 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
as the father or Estonian journalism. The paper aimed at encouraging Estonians and at publishing Estonian literary work. In 1863 the paper moved to Derpt
Orfey-class destroyer (376 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Captured by the British in 1918, given to the Estonian Navy and sold by the Estonians to Peru in 1933. Scrapped in 1954 ref Lieutenant Dubasov 9 Sep 1916 Broken
Eesti Laul (756 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
foreign collaborations were allowed as long as 50% of the song authors were Estonians. Artists and songwriters were allowed to submit up to three songs each
Vuosaari (633 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
average population of recent immigrants by Finnish standards. Russians, Estonians, Kurds and Somalis still form the basis of the immigrant population there
Mountain Language (751 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
banned––the Irish have suffered, the Welsh have suffered and the Urdu and the Estonians' language banned." The dialogue does contain some identifiably contemporary
Lia Laats (794 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
justice being meted out to Estonians who had collaborated with German occupying forces. The film ends with jubilant Estonians celebrating their "liberation"
Tuuli Tomingas (104 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Games. Updated on 22 March 2021 "Thursday's Kontiolahti stage will see Estonians in sprint competition". news.err.ee. 3 December 2020. Retrieved 29 March
Autonomous Governorate of Estonia (496 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
northern portion of Governorate of Livonia, which had a majority of ethnic Estonians. These two areas were amalgamated on 12 April [O.S. 30 March] 1917 by
Marina Kaljurand (2,793 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(9.5 percent). Kaljurand was the most popular candidate among polled Estonians across all genders, ages, levels of education and income brackets, except
Mstislav I of Kiev (506 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
life was spent in constant warfare with Cumans (1093, 1107, 1111, 1129), Estonians (1111, 1113, 1116, 1130), Lithuanians (1131), and the princedom of Polotsk