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searching for Disparate impact 113 found (166 total)

alternate case: disparate impact

Washington v. Davis (993 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article

examined whether Test 21 had a discriminatory effect. After applying the disparate impact analysis, it held that Test 21 did not have a discriminatory effect
Watson v. Fort Worth Bank & Trust (1,106 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
person's race, color, religion, sex, or national origin) rather than disparate impact analysis (which involves the question whether an employer has engaged
Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama v. Garrett (1,957 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
for violating the part of the ADA law banning policies that have a disparate impact on the disabled. Even in cases of racial discrimination in which the
R v Secretary of State for Employment, ex p Seymour-Smith (2,193 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
European Court of Justice that a two-year qualifying period had a disparate impact on women given that significantly fewer women worked long enough to
Discrimination in awarding Section 8 housing (2,076 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
experience substantial difficulties obtaining housing. A noticeable "disparate impact" within the Section 8 Housing Voucher Program has been noted by Rotem
Village of Arlington Heights v. Metropolitan Housing Development Corp. (879 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
prove improper intent, a disparate impact, and causation in-fact (i.e. that the improper intent is the cause of the disparate impact). If causation in-fact
National treatment (783 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
apparent discrimination against foreigners may be the result of a disparate impact of the local legislation on foreigners ("unintentional discrimination")
James E. Graves Jr. (1,823 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
to challenge whether disparate impact claims are cognizable under the FHA. The Supreme Court affirmed and held disparate-impact claims are cognizable
Marino v. Ortiz (618 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Education Fund) alleging that a police sergeant's examination had a disparate impact because the percentage of African Americans and Hispanics that passed
Eminent domain in the United States (3,118 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Eminent domain in the United States refers to the power of a state or the federal government to take private property for public use while requiring just
Iwan Baan (1,149 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
St. and darkness below that line—illustrating vividly the storm's disparate impact. It was later turned into a limited edition print sold to benefit Sandy's
Texas Department of Community Affairs v. Burdine (717 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
increased incentive for plaintiffs to allege discrimination under the disparate impact theory where the employer's intent is not at issue. List of United
United Kingdom employment equality law (4,364 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
policy to their workplace that affects everyone equally, but it has a disparate impact on a greater proportion of people of one group with a protected characteristic
Allonby v Accrington and Rossendale College (1,225 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in financial trouble, and therefore objective justification of the disparate impact on women and no discrimination. The Court of Appeal referred to the
Ehsan Zaffar (697 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
studies issues related to inequality and equity, and most recently the disparate impact of national and homeland security laws and policies on protected classes
Intelligence and public policy (3,302 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
groups in favor of others, a phenomenon called "adverse impact" or "disparate impact" in employment law. (In contrast, "disparate treatment" refers to deliberate
Mortgage discrimination (2,409 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
differently based on one of the prohibited factors; and evidence of "disparate impact", when a lender applies a practice uniformly to all applicants but
2020 California Proposition 20 (604 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
more people than they already do. In addition, they also cite the disparate impact that America's criminal justice system has on African Americans, a
Voting Rights Act of 1965 (19,544 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
to mean that it does not generally prohibit voting rules that have disparate impact on the groups that it sought to protect, including a rule blocked under
List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 576 (130 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc. 13–1371 June 25, 2015 "Disparate-impact claims are cognizable under the Fair Housing Act." Johnson v. United
Employment contract (3,498 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and disparate impact. Disparate treatment occurs when an employer treats an employee differently because of the employee's protected status. Disparate impact
Jones v University of Manchester (314 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
entitled to find the age requirement discriminatory so long as proof of disparate impact was shown. However, the correct pool for comparison was all male and
Personnel Administrator of Massachusetts v. Feeney (846 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Fourteenth Amendment." He also recognized that "when a neutral law has a disparate impact upon a group that has historically been the victim of discrimination
Kimel v. Florida Board of Regents (1,077 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Employment Act (ADEA) of 1967 because the failure to adjust pay had a disparate impact on older employees. Wellington Dickson sued his employer, the Florida
Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory (1,002 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
policies that appear reasonable and neutral but nevertheless have a disparate impact on older workers are discriminatory in practice. In the majority opinion
Cannon v. University of Chicago (696 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
applicants over 35. Cannon was 39 years old at the time. The policy had a disparate impact on women. The plaintiff appealed, contending that Congress acted in
Employment discrimination law in the United States (4,302 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
identified by the EEOC as having a disparate impact on national origin minorities. However, when defending against a disparate impact claim that alleges age discrimination
Gender and development (11,539 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
implements a feminist approach to understanding and addressing the disparate impact that economic development and globalization have on people based upon
The Royal Parks (1,830 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
December last year and ongoing difference in other conditions have a 'disparate impact' on black and ethnic minority workers, as they are more likely to be
Young v. United Parcel Service (741 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
stating that the majority interpreted the Act in a way that conflates "disparate impact" with "disparate treatment" and would result in confusion in litigating
EBay Inc. v. MercExchange, L.L.C. (1,746 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Jeremiah S. (2006). "Why Pharmaceutical Firms Support Patent Trolls: The Disparate Impact of eBay v. MercExchange on Innovation" (PDF). Mich. Telecomm. Tech
List of United States Supreme Court cases by the Rehnquist Court (68 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Packing Co. v. Atonio 490 U.S. 642 (1989) standard of evidence for disparate impact employment discrimination cases Hernandez v. Commissioner 490 U.S.
Raj Chetty (1,198 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
achievements and that the current dismissal and seniority statutes have disparate impact on minority and low-income students. Chetty is also known for research
Net bias (6,640 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
that of disparate impact. If a discrimination case is brought against your company, the plaintiff would have to show evidence of disparate impact. In 2005
Omar Ashmawy (190 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Post. Retrieved 14 December 2017. Goldmacher, Shane (3 March 2012). "Disparate Impact: Black Lawmakers and Ethics Investigations". The Atlantic. Retrieved
William Orrick III (1,898 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
.. a law is not unconstitutional simply because it has a racially disparate impact." Orrick's dismissal of the case was affirmed on appeal. In 2015, Orrick
Dobson v North Cumbria NHS Foundation Trust (1,314 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
has been acknowledged that a length of service criterion can have a disparate impact on women because they tend to have shorter service periods as a result
Equality Act 2006 (872 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
was alleged that the government failed to "have due regard" to the disparate impact of its budget on women. The following orders have been made under this
Coalition for TJ v. Fairfax County School Board (839 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the changes to the admissions policy, asserting they would have a disparate impact on Asian applicants. It is represented by the Pacific Legal Foundation
Ronald L. Buckwalter (1,214 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the NCAA's ineligibility rule because the rule had an unjustified disparate impact against African Americans. Buckwalter added that the NCAA's goal of
Background check (4,164 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
or national origin, as analyzed under the disparate treatment and disparate impact frameworks. There are several types of criminal record searches available
Ashcroft v. Iqbal (2,994 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
obtuse tweak to the Rules of Civil Procedure from the case has had a disparate impact on plaintiffs since. Because "information about wrongdoing is often
Ronald A. Lindsay (1,106 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Lindsay, Ronald A. (2002). "Should We Impose Quotas? Evaluating the "Disparate Impact" Argument Against Legalization of Assisted Suicide". The Journal of
Sorelle Friedler (644 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Carlos; Venkatasubramanian, Suresh (2015). "Certifying and Removing Disparate Impact". Proceedings of the 21th ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge
Jones Day (3,125 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
against the DNC's legal challenge to Arizona voting laws that had a disparate impact on racial minorities. The firm submitted a brief of amicus curiae on
Credit score (4,268 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
insurance Archived 11 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine "No Evidence of Disparate Impact in Texas Due to Use of Credit Information by Personal Lines Insurers
Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (1,640 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
get tested. Some legal scholars have called for the addition of a "disparate impact" theory of action to strengthen GINA as a law. On 8 March 2017 during
Hayden v. County of Nassau (484 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
racial and gender representation. . . . . [T]he intent to remedy the disparate impact of the prior exams is not equivalent to an intent to discriminate against
Adirondack Trust Company (1,076 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
factors above the Bank's established risk-based Buy Rate resulted in a disparate impact on the basis of race and national origin that was not justified by
McCleskey v. Kemp (1,834 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
common mechanism was either identified or likely to explain a racially disparate impact. Without a plausible basis for inferring that a racially disparate
William Rehnquist (12,779 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
sue for discrimination based on race or national origin involving disparate impact under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Sandoval cited Cannon
Dorsey v. United States (758 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
100-to-1 crack-to-powder ratio under the prior law as having a racially disparate impact, only intentional discrimination may violate the equal protection component
Greg Casar (4,702 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
immigration reformers and criminal justice reformers to reduce the disparate impact of policing on communities of color. In the first quarter after the
Racial discrimination (5,210 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
characteristic, such as skin, eye or hair color, and certain facial features; Disparate Impact: Although an employer may not intend to discriminate based on racial
2004 term United States Supreme Court opinions of Antonin Scalia (71 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
he "would find it a basis, not for independent determination of the disparate-impact question, but for deferral to the reasonable views of the Equal Employment
Graphology (4,164 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
|journal= (help) Johnston, Dianna B. (28 February 2001), Title VII: Disparate Impact, Handwriting Analysis, U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Center for Policy and Research (1,675 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the state of New Jersey to determine whether or not they impose a disparate impact on minorities. The Center published a report which exposed the unreviewable
Janai Nelson (796 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
"Veasey v. Abbott, Fifth Circuit Strikes Down Voter ID Law Based on Disparate Impact" (PDF). Harvard Law Review. 129 (4): 1128–1135. 2016. Retrieved March
North Hudson, New Jersey (4,544 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
North Bergen, Weehawken, West New York, Guttenberg and Union City... "Disparate Impact Case Turns On Battle Of The Experts". Workplace Class Action Blog.
Black maternal mortality in the United States (4,013 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Campbell L. Rev. 243 (2021) Can You Hear Me?: How Implicit Bias Creates a Disparate Impact in Maternal Healthcare for Black Women, Glover, Kenya [ 34 pages, 243
Job interview (22,293 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of individuals protected under Title VII which is a disparate impact liability. Disparate impact is defined as unintentional discrimination. Some states
Ford Motor Co. v. Montana Eighth Judicial Dist. (842 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
causation test instead, noting that the majority's decision might have a disparate impact on small businesses. Liptak, Adam (March 25, 2021). "Ford Can Be Sued
Forensic psychology (8,483 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lowenkamp, C. T. (2016). Risk, race, and recidivism: Predictive bias and disparate impact. Criminology, 54(4), 680–712. https://doi.org/10.1111/1745-9125.12123
Credit score in the United States (4,479 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Congress by the Federal Trade Commission July 2007 No evidence of disparate impact in Texas due to use of credit information by personal lines insurers
Raymond Kethledge (4,995 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kaplan's policy of running credit checks on job applicants had a "disparate impact" on African American applicants. To support its claim, the EEOC hired
Statistical proof (2,184 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Statistical Proof in Title VII Litigation: In Search of a Coherent Disparate Impact Model". University of Pennsylvania Law Review. 139 (2): 455–503. doi:10
Jeh Johnson (4,149 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
court system, the dehumanizing effect it has on litigants, and the disparate impact of all this on people of color. Housing, Family, Civil and Criminal
Ben Konop (2,199 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
highlighting his union members' concerns regarding pay equity and disparate impact affecting minorities, women, and employees over 40. In his testimony
Algorithmic bias (12,500 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
set out to examine "Risk, Race, & Recidivism: Predictive Bias and Disparate Impact" alleges a two-fold (45 percent vs. 23 percent) adverse likelihood
Vanita Gupta (3,035 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
excessive force, and enforcement strategies that produced an unjustified disparate impact on African-American residents. On January 7, 2021, President Joe Biden
Brown v. City of Oneonta (993 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
did not violate the constitution, although it may prove to have a "disparate impact on small minority groups." The ruling asserted the actions represented
Institutional Revolutionary Party (13,797 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Labastida lost that election. The improvement of the economy had a disparate impact in different social sectors and discontent started growing within the
Birds Point-New Madrid Floodway (2,045 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
litigation (Missouri v. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers), because of the disparate impact of the action upon affected Missouri residents and property owners
Turner v. Rogers (1,722 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Critiques of the case's holding point to the often devastating and disparate impact of child support enforcement on poor and minority fathers and their
2019 Austrian legislative election (7,021 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
reconciled and pursued through compromise, with due consideration of their disparate impact on different income strata in the population, and ameliorative policy
Mt. Healthy City School District Board of Education v. Doyle (6,969 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
regular and vehement complaints to her principal about the racially disparate impact of school-district policies in the wake of court-ordered desegregation
Racial profiling in the United States (8,187 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(2009-01-30). "Search and Seizure, Racial Profiling, and Traffic Stops: A Disparate Impact Framework". Law & Policy. 31 (1): 1–30. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9930.2008
Sonia Sotomayor (19,471 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
start over with a new test, because the City believed the test had a "disparate impact" on minority firefighters. (No black firefighters qualified for promotion
Filipinos in Alaska (2,395 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
representation within higher and lower paying jobs were insufficient to prove disparate impact. Despite centuries of Filipino presence in Alaska, an Alaskero named
United States v. Thirty-seven Photographs (4,577 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
inapplicable to the case, since ruling otherwise would have an economically disparate impact: "The First Amendment cannot be construed to permit those who have
Reva Siegel (1,920 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Lecture: Race-Conscious, But Race-Neutral? The Constitutionality of Disparate Impact in the Roberts Court, 66 ALA. L. REV. (2015) Harris Lecture: Abortion
Lead poisoning (19,927 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
more pronounced in males, suggesting that lead-related toxicity has a disparate impact across sexes. Outcome is related to the extent and duration of lead
Racial views of Donald Trump (30,096 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Rights Act in cases of "disparate impact" on minorities. According to Civil rights groups, not being able to use disparate impact analysis would result
South Capital Street Limited Line (1,162 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
customer survey, and a public hearing. Eliminating Route W9 has no Disparate Impact or Disproportionate Burden and thus complies with the requirements
Gerald Heaney (2,952 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Heaney found that the city's actions violated the act because of its disparate impact on the ability of minority group residents of St. Louis to relocate
Racism in the United States (26,436 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
minority turnout whereas two studies found no significant impact. Disparate impact may also be reflected in access to information about voter ID laws
Brnovich v. Democratic National Committee (3,564 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
stated that the respondents had failed to show that the law had a disparate impact: "Limiting the classes of persons who may handle early ballots to those
Paycheck Fairness Act (3,239 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
would satisfy its legitimate business interest without resulting in a disparate impact. This standard is familiar to employers and courts, as it has been
Discrimination based on skin color (19,843 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
minority turnout whereas two studies found no significant impact. Disparate impact may also be reflected in access to information about voter ID laws
Maternal wall (2,984 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
This outlines the coverage, access to benefits, disparate treatment, disparate impact, disability status and best practices. This legislation ensures that
Food desert (11,177 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
government loans, businesses also went to the suburbs. There is a racially disparate impact in how large grocery companies choose the locations of new stores,
Givhan v. Western Line Consolidated School District (5,929 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Holding Teacher's private complaints to principal regarding racially disparate impact of school district policy, however intemperately expressed, were protected
Internet privacy (17,495 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
S2CID 13390927. Barocas, Solon; Selbst, Andrew D. (2016). "Big Data's Disparate Impact". SSRN Electronic Journal. doi:10.2139/ssrn.2477899. ISSN 1556-5068
Capital punishment in India (13,208 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
legal aid system has not satisfactory and expressed concerns about the disparate impact of the system on socio-economically marginalised persons. There exists
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (5,077 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Convention, it will look to see whether that action has an unjustifiable disparate impact upon a group distinguished by race, colour, descent, or national or
Racial Culture: A Critique (2,244 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
discrimination, and indirectly by scrutinizing policies that have a disparate impact on the groups that the statue protects from discrimination" (Ford,
Marq2 transit corridor (3,663 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Line heated shelters was identified in 2018 as a source of potential disparate impact and disproportionate burden for low-income and minority riders. This
Voter suppression in the United States (13,596 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
laws in South Carolina reduced overall turnout but did not have a disparate impact. 2019 studies in Political Science Quarterly and the Atlantic Economic
Chicago Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law (2,182 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
compared to the 65 cutoff score that had previously been stated, had a disparate impact to discriminate against African Americans, since 78% of candidates
Corporate litigation in the United Kingdom (1,871 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
applying in a formally equal way to all shareholders, has a negative and disparate impact on only one shareholder. This was so in Greenhalgh v Arderne Cinemas
COVID-19 pandemic in Ohio (14,219 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
mixture of cheers and boos. President Trump's speech described the disparate impact of the virus on the elderly and on the young, saying: "It affects elderly
COVID-19 pandemic in Ohio (14,219 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
mixture of cheers and boos. President Trump's speech described the disparate impact of the virus on the elderly and on the young, saying: "It affects elderly
Equal Pay Act and prior salary (1,269 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
extending the Equal Pay Act from the disparate treatment context to disparate impact. The 8th Circuit follows similar analysis to the 7th Circuit. In the
United Kingdom company law (20,851 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
applying in a formally equal way to all shareholders, has a negative and disparate impact on only one shareholder. This was so in Greenhalgh v Arderne Cinemas
Women in policing in the United States (5,180 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
descriptions include only essential expectations, drawing upon a "disparate impact" model. This opened up the door for suits against police departments
Controversies involving Uber (4,411 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
to lack of evidence to prove that the rating system has a racially disparate impact and that Uber intentionally discriminated against the lead plaintiff
ShotSpotter (4,794 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The defendants are arguing that the technology has had a racially disparate impact, and are asking the court to issue an order barring police from using
Fairness (machine learning) (7,893 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
Rodríguez; Krishna P. Gummadi, Fairness Beyond Disparate Treatment & Disparate Impact: Learning Classification without Disparate Mistreatment. Retrieved
Race in the United States criminal justice system (16,756 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(November 2016). "Risk, Race, and Recidivism: Predictive Bias and Disparate Impact". Criminology. 54 (4): 680–712. doi:10.1111/1745-9125.12123. Hartney
Furthering Asbestos Claims Transparency Act of 2015 (4,017 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
strong opposition to this "legislation due to its detrimental and disparate impact on men and women in uniform." They explained the FACT Act of 2015 "would
Immigrant health care in the United States (10,199 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and labor market, this rise in the immigrant population has had a disparate impact on the United States' health care system and its surrounding dialogue
List of United Kingdom Supreme Court cases (5,442 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
discrimination, and claimants need not prove why if there is in fact a disparate impact. Isle of Wight Council v Platt [2017] UKSC 28 6 April Revenue and Customs
List of bills in the 117th United States Congress (320 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
to restore the right to individual civil actions in cases involving disparate impact, and for other purposes. H.R. 735 February 2, 2021 (No short title)