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Longer titles found: Background radiation equivalent time (view), Cosmic background radiation (view), Discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation (view), Diffuse extragalactic background radiation (view)

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alternate case: background radiation

X-ray background (192 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article

The observed X-ray background is thought to result from, at the "soft" end (below 0.3 keV), galactic X-ray emission, the "galactic" X-ray background, and
Cosmic noise (900 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ionizing surrounding gases and producing radio waves. Cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) from outer space is also a form of cosmic noise. CMBR is thought
Norman Jarosik (213 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) whose observations of Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation (CMBR) have provided significant insights into cosmology. Jarosik
CMB cold spot (2,658 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cold relative to the expected properties of the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR). The "Cold Spot" is approximately 70 µK (0.00007 K) colder
Charles L. Bennett (1,818 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(COBE) mission that discovered the anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation. Bennett led the effort to rebuild the radiometer front-end microwave
Internet background noise (431 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Internet background noise (IBN, also known as Internet background radiation) consists of data packets on the Internet which are addressed to IP addresses
Robert Herman (1,279 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Alpher in 1948-50, on estimating the temperature of cosmic microwave background radiation from the Big Bang explosion. Born in the Bronx, New York City, Herman
Rainer Weiss (2,463 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
research from birth to maturity: characterization of the cosmic background radiation, and interferometric gravitational wave observation. He made pioneering
Radio astronomy (3,666 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
quasars, pulsars, and masers. The discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation, regarded as evidence for the Big Bang theory, was made through radio
Noise (video) (449 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
and include electromagnetic signals prompted by cosmic microwave background radiation, or more localized radio wave noise from nearby electronic devices
Raghunathan Srianand (542 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Known for his research on redshift evolution on the cosmic microwave background radiation, Srianand is a member of the International Astronomical Union and
Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (1,020 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ultra-high-energy (1020 eV) cosmic rays with the photons of the cosmic microwave background radiation. It is thus hoped that the ANITA experiment can help to explain the
David Todd Wilkinson (211 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of cosmology, specializing in the study of the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB) left over from the Big Bang. He was born in Hillsdale, Michigan
Astronomy (10,062 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
gamma ray bursts, quasars, blazars, pulsars, and cosmic microwave background radiation. More generally, astronomy studies everything that originates beyond
Black body (5,150 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and the matter and radiation in it cooled. The cosmic microwave background radiation observed today is "the most perfect black body ever measured in nature"
NGC 1566 (1,064 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
this galaxy, which extends out to 29 kpc before merging with the background radiation. The galaxy appears to be interacting with smaller members of its
Andrei Doroshkevich (449 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in 1964, providing a theoretical basis for the cosmic microwave background radiation and pointing out that this radiation should be experimentally measurable
Linear no-threshold model (7,058 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
study of Ramsar, Iran (a region with very high levels of natural background radiation) showed that lung cancer incidence was lower in the high-radiation
Henry Draper Medal (1,220 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
evolution of the universe and in predicting the existence of a microwave background radiation years before this radiation was serendipitously discovered" and in
Llano de Chajnantor Observatory (2,072 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of a project to measure the polarization of the cosmic microwave background radiation. It is a 3.5 m (11 ft) Gregorian telescope. Attached to the telescope
Comparison of Chernobyl and other radioactivity releases (1,890 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
This article compares the radioactivity release and decay from the Chernobyl disaster with various other events which involved a release of uncontrolled
Bruce Winstein (520 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
experimental cosmology, measuring polarization in the microwave background radiation whose properties date back to the early universe. After a distinguished
Holmdel Horn Antenna (1,375 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
this antenna, Penzias and Wilson discovered the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) that permeates the universe. This was one of the most important
Amri Hernández-Pellerano (636 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
mission spacecraft which measures the temperature of the cosmic background radiation over the full sky with unprecedented accuracy. Hernández-Pellerano
Ylem (712 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and the radiation released is still observable as cosmic microwave background radiation. The term comes from an obsolete Middle English philosophical word
Cold Big Bang (284 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
microwave background radiation and was eventually explicitly ruled out by WMAP observations. Aguirre, Anthony N. (10 April 2000). "The Cosmic Background Radiation
Three Mile Island accident health effects (2,404 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
X-ray and maximum local exposure equivalent to less than a year's background radiation. The U.S. BEIR report on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation
Greisen–Zatsepin–Kuzmin limit (2,515 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
slowing effect of interactions of the protons with the microwave background radiation over long distances (≈ 160 million light-years). The limit is at
Economy of Kerala (6,474 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kerala. Kerala's coastal belt of Karunagappally is known for high background radiation from thorium-containing monazite sand. In some coastal panchayats
DEAP (2,060 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
neutrino floor, planned to operate at SNOLAB due to its extremely low-background radiation environment. Since liquid argon is a scintillating material a particle
Domain wall (460 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the late stages of cosmological inflation and the cosmic microwave background radiation. Observations constrain the existence of stable domain walls. Models
Edward L. Wright (443 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
degrees in high-altitude rocket measurement of cosmic microwave background radiation from Harvard University, where he was a junior fellow. After teaching
List of cosmological computation software (1,805 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The cosmic microwave background (CMB) is the thermal radiation assumed to be left over from the "Big Bang" of cosmology. The CMB is a snapshot of the oldest
Centre for Underground Physics in Pyhäsalmi (612 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
detectors, the background radiation is a problem, which can be solved by placing the laboratory underground so that the background radiation is absorbed
Large deviations of Gaussian random functions (769 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(for example) when analysing the anomalies in the cosmic microwave background radiation (see, pp. 8–9); brain images obtained by positron emission tomography
Dark Ages Radio Explorer (1,220 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Dark Ages Radio Explorer (DARE) mission is a proposed concept lunar orbiter intended to identify redshifted emanations from primeval hydrogen atoms
Horizons: Exploring the Universe (77 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
astronomy, from the apparent magnitude scale, to the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation, to gamma ray bursts. Portals:  Books Astronomy Stars Spaceflight Outer
Phoswich detector (305 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Phoswich applications are frequently seen in sensitive and low-background radiation sensors used in space research. D. T. Wilkinson (1952). "The Phoswich-A
Mysterium Tremendum (1,083 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Nobel Prize in Physics in 2006 for his work in cosmic microwave background radiation. Seven of the twelve tracks on the album have lyrics written by Robert
Viatcheslav Mukhanov (292 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
were measured the temperature fluctuations of the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation are in excellent agreement with this theoretical prediction, thus
Matthew Kleban (235 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
determination of the effects of cosmic bubble collisions on the microwave background radiation and other cosmological observables. Work on the fundamental origin
Source counts (519 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
through source-counts was reduced by the discovery of the 3K microwave background radiation in the mid 1960s, which essentially confirmed the Big-Bang model
François Bouchet (62 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cosmology, including formation of large scale structures and cosmic background radiation. He serves as the Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris liaison for the
Cosmic microwave background spectral distortions (2,830 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
S2CID 18615251. Sunyaev, R. A.; Zeldovich, Ya. B. (1969). "Distortions of the Background Radiation Spectrum". Nature. 223 (5207): 721. Bibcode:1969Natur.223..721S.
Henry Hart (author) (223 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
books of poetry (The Ghost Ship (1990), The Rooster Mask (1998), and Background Radiation (2007)) he has written critical works on such poets as Seamus Heaney
Orders of magnitude (radiation) (860 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Italy Tao Z, Cha Y, Sun Q (July 1999). "[Cancer mortality in high background radiation area of Yangjiang, China, 1979–1995]". Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi (in
Micro-incineration (137 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
incineration of sample, due to increased mineral concentration and reduced nonspecific background radiation. http://jcb.rupress.org/content/39/1/55.full.pdf
Reserve fleet (738 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
only extremely weakly radioactive, emitting less than present-day background radiation; materials which were manufactured after atmospheric nuclear explosions
Cold shield (187 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
infrared radiation. An infrared detector is protected from thermal background radiation outside its optical field of view. These devices are usually cooled
Neutrino detector (3,637 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
underground, to isolate the detector from cosmic rays and other background radiation. The field of neutrino astronomy is still very much in its infancy
CXBN-2 (453 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
origin and evolution of the universe through research on high-energy background radiation. It collected 3 million seconds of data throughout its lifetime.
Antenna amplifier (545 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
existing locally or even extra terrestrially like the Cosmic microwave background radiation for devices that work in that frequency range. The key to a "good"
John Ruhl (119 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
an experimentalist in cosmology. He studies the cosmic microwave background radiation and is currently[when?] co-principal investigator on the Spider and
Critical dimension (1,611 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
dilaton background without additional confounding permutations from background radiation effects. The precise number may be determined by the required cancellation
Roman Juszkiewicz (334 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
gravitational instability, origins of the large-scale structure, microwave background radiation and Big Bang nucleosynthesis. He wrote nearly one hundred research
Rubin–Ford effect (568 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
astronomical position (l = 304°, b = 26°) relative to the microwave background radiation, which, because it is isotropic, provided a frame of reference for
Hiranya Peiris (1,696 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Stockholm University, best known for her work on the cosmic microwave background radiation. She was one of 27 scientists who received the Breakthrough Prize
Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (267 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
- Extragalactic background radiation: a meeting in honor of Riccardo Giacconi : proceedings of the Extragalactic Background Radiation Meeting, Baltimore
Outline of physical science (5,438 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
including supernovae explosions, gamma-ray bursts, and cosmic microwave background radiation. Branches of astronomy Chemistry – studies the composition, structure
Gravitational singularity (2,643 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
so large that their temperature is far below that of the cosmic background radiation, which means they will gain energy on net by absorbing this radiation
Radio telescope (2,558 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe mapped the Cosmic microwave background radiation in 5 different frequency bands, centered on 23 GHz, 33 GHz, 41 GHz
Limits of computation (1,242 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
than 3 kelvins, the approximate temperature of the cosmic microwave background radiation, without spending more energy on cooling than is saved in computation
Geography of Kerala (3,227 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kerala. Kerala's coastal belt of Karunagappally is known for high background radiation from thorium-containing monazite sand. In some coastal panchayats
JEDI (1,179 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
triple coincidence and optimum shielding to suppress penetrating background radiation and incoming UV foreground. JEDI is designed to collect data on "energy
Vahe Gurzadyan (1,664 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
within the Conformal Cyclic Cosmology, and the cosmic microwave background radiation transferring information from pre-Big Bang aeon to ours. He led a
Photodiode (3,457 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
transistors and ICs can malfunction due to induced photo-currents. Background radiation from the packaging is also significant. Radiation hardening mitigates
Stacy McGaugh (1,252 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
amplitude ratio of the acoustic power spectrum of the Cosmic microwave background radiation. McGaugh found surprising support for the Modified Newtonian dynamics
Black-body radiation (9,321 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
perfect black-body spectrum is exhibited by the cosmic microwave background radiation. Hawking radiation is the hypothetical black-body radiation emitted
Vela 2A (251 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
charged particles Neutron detector Electron and proton spectrometer Background radiation detector Solid state detector Geiger-Muller counters Magnetometer
Kerala (33,785 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kerala. Kerala's coastal belt of Karunagappally is known for high background radiation from thorium-containing monazite sand. In some coastal panchayats
Hot dark matter (627 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
surround whole galaxy clusters. However, data from the cosmic microwave background radiation, as measured by the COBE satellite, is highly uniform, and such high-velocity
Quiet (261 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
astronomy experiment studying polarization of the cosmic microwave background radiation QUIET telescope, an instrument for use in the QUIET astronomy experiment
Peter Dunsby (511 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cosmology. The committee called out his research on cosmic microwave background radiation and study of study of Type Ia supernova which increased accuracy
Long-term experiment (1,527 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
reduced and non-reduced background radiation experiment, with one set of samples being kept in a lead box to cut back background radiation, allowing the impact
Delta 5000 (430 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1989 to 1993. Its goals were to investigate the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB or CMBR) of the universe and provide measurements that would
Index of meteorology articles (2,814 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
investigate the cosmic background radiation" etc.) cosmic microwave background experiments cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB) (CMBR) (CBR) (MBR)
MBR (167 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
for booting Membrane bioreactor Memory buffer register Microwave background radiation Minimum bend radius, for installation of cables and pipes Minimum
Vela 2B (200 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
charged particles Neutron detector Electron and proton spectrometer Background radiation detector Solid state detector Geiger-Muller counters Magnetometer
Polarimetry (1,491 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
debris disks, reflection in binary stars and the cosmic microwave background radiation. Astronomical polarimetry observations are carried out either as
Orders of magnitude (frequency) (179 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
1011 100 GHz 160.2 GHz Electromagnetic – peak of cosmic microwave background radiation 845 GHz Fastest transistor (December 2006). 1012 1 terahertz (THz)
Bruny Island Radio Spectrometer (660 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
effectively remove the interference. The antenna used the galactic background radiation for calibration. The BIRS is oriented to point almost directly at
Radiocarbon dating (13,606 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
as background radiation, can be identified and ignored. The counters are surrounded by lead or steel shielding, to eliminate background radiation and
Network telescope (1,470 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Michael; Jahanian, Farnam; Houston, Geoff (2010-06-09). Internet Background Radiation Revisited (PDF). Internet Measurement Conference. Systems that monitor
Microwave radiometer (2,261 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Technology to better determine the temperature of the microwave background radiation. This first radiometer worked at a wavelength 1.25 cm and was operated
Project Echo (2,710 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
for their Nobel Prize-winning discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation. On 15 December 1960, the U.S. Post Office issued a postage stamp
Andrew McKellar (705 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
subsequently confirmed with the discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation, which has a measured temperature of 2.725 °K.) During his career
Einstein Observatory (1,120 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
background of x-ray radiation across the sky. The uniformity of this background radiation indicated that it originated outside of the Milky Way Galaxy, with
Jim Peebles (2,221 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Alpher and Robert C. Herman), Peebles predicted the cosmic microwave background radiation. Along with making major contributions to Big Bang nucleosynthesis
New York City Police Department Counterterrorism Bureau (467 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Radiological Acquisition Characterization System (TRACS) which maps background radiation. The NYPD SHIELD Unit which provides information and training to
Dipole anisotropy (77 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
other end is blueshifted. That effect is notable in measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation, due to the motion of earth. v t e v t e
Full body scanner (10,638 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
lower rates. This raises further questions about comparisons to background radiation. The FDA report states: Since general-use x-ray systems emit ionizing
MIT Department of Physics (808 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1936), transistor George Smoot (SB 1966, PhD 1970), cosmic microwave background radiation Carl E. Wieman (SB 1973), Bose–Einstein condensate Rainer Weiss (SB
EDELWEISS (942 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of galaxies; and precision measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation suggest it accounts for a significant fraction of the density of
Horn antenna (3,207 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
which Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson discovered cosmic microwave background radiation in 1965, for which they won the 1978 Nobel Prize in Physics. Another
Plasma cosmology (3,442 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
results can be consistent with the isotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation and X-ray backgrounds". In his book he also showed that Alfvén's
Energy Multiplier Module (1,171 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Only fission products would be removed, which would decay to near-background radiation levels in about 500 years compared to conventional spent fuel, which
Hawking radiation (6,148 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in fact, such a black hole would absorb far more cosmic microwave background radiation than it emits. A black hole of 4.5×1022 kg (about the mass of the
Cosmic Calendar (684 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(billion years ago) Event 1 Jan 13.8 Big Bang, as seen through cosmic background radiation, which would have been last emitted 14 minutes after midnight 19
European Underground Rare Event Calorimeter Array (857 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
underground laboratories, and use extensive shielding to reduce the background radiation levels from cosmic rays. Early experiments were limited by the remaining
Ronald N. Bracewell (2,515 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
interferometry via the medium of alumni. Upon the discovery of the cosmic background radiation: a remarkable observational limit of 1.7 millikelvins, with considerable
Freezing air temperature (368 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
approach 2.7 K (the blackbody temperature of the cosmic microwave background radiation). On a clear night the ground can become colder than the air because
Martin Rees (2,660 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and he has made contributions to the origin of cosmic microwave background radiation, as well as to galaxy clustering and formation. His studies of the
Astrophysics (3,131 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
objects such as interstellar gas and dust clouds; the cosmic microwave background radiation which is the redshifted light from the Big Bang; pulsars, which were
Boomerang (disambiguation) (695 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
sub-orbital experiment which studied the properties of cosmic microwave background radiation Boomerang Nebula, a nebula in Centaurus HMS Boomerang (1889) Boomerang
Bell Labs (9,238 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Penzias and Wilson were cited for their discovering cosmic microwave background radiation, a nearly uniform glow that fills the Universe in the microwave band
Berkeley SETI Research Center (915 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Gravitational-wave astronomy Related articles Aperture synthesis Cosmic microwave background radiation Interferometry Odd radio circle Pulsar timing array Radio propagation
Explorer 38 (1,356 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and T. A. Clark (June 1970). "The spectrum of the extra-galactic background radiation at low radio frequencies" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved 13 November 2021
Spherical harmonics (12,325 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
magnetic fields of planetary bodies and stars, and the cosmic microwave background radiation. In 3D computer graphics, spherical harmonics play a role in a wide
Uranium glass (1,342 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fluoresces bright green under ultraviolet light and can register above background radiation on a sufficiently sensitive Geiger counter, although most pieces
Information panspermia (495 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
information from pre-Big Bang aeon to ours via the cosmic microwave background radiation. This concept assumes a different strategy of the study of the cosmic
Mollweide projection (1,044 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Nine-year WMAP image (2012) of the cosmic microwave background radiation. Projected using the Mollweide projection.
Gerald James Whitrow (806 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
paper on the cosmic background radiation (relic of the Primordial Fireball) with B. D. Yallop in 1964: Title: The background radiation in homogeneous isotropic
List of Nobel laureates in Physics (3,184 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Penzias  United States "for their discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation" Robert Woodrow Wilson 1979 Sheldon Glashow  United States "for their
2020s in spaceflight (1,298 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
for the studies of B-mode polarization and Inflation from cosmic background Radiation Detection". High Energy Accelerator Research Organization. Retrieved
Bolometer (1,807 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Spiderweb bolometer for measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech.
Megamaser (4,749 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
hydroxyl masers within the Milky Way, including the amplification of background radiation and the ratio of hydroxyl lines at different frequencies. The population
Principle of relativity (1,673 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
covariance Equivalence principle Preferred frame Cosmic microwave background radiation Special relativity including Introduction to special relativity General
Index of wave articles (37 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
transfer Coriolis frequency Coronal mass ejection Cosmic microwave background radiation Coulomb wave function Cutoff frequency Cutoff wavelength Cymatics
2003 in science (1,113 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
NASA's WMAP satellite completes the first detailed cosmic microwave background radiation map of the universe. The image reveals the universe is 13.7 billion
Picard horn (407 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Anisotropy. The model was chosen in an attempt to describe the microwave background radiation apparent in the universe, and has finite volume and useful spectral
Solar radio emission (8,867 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
mechanism for most types of solar radio bursts, which can exceed the background radiation level by several orders of magnitude for brief periods. Langmuir
Spider (disambiguation) (967 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Spider (polarimeter), an experiment to study the cosmic microwave background radiation Spider, the callsign of the Apollo 9 lunar module Spider, a support
IBR (156 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Builder's and Real Estate Image-based modeling and rendering Internet background radiation Integrally bladed rotor, a turbomachinery component Infectious bovine
Living Monolith (1,456 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the Living Monolith's powers can be limited when Havok absorbs background radiation (or other suitable energy sources) that might otherwise be used to
Gran Sasso d'Italia (1,299 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
promoting preservation of the Gran Sasso environment. Because of its low background radiation, the underground laboratory is used for experiments in particle and
Milne model (1,165 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
observations. In particular it makes no prediction of the cosmic microwave background radiation[citation needed] nor the abundance of light elements[citation needed]
Theory of relativity (3,368 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
were discovered, such as quasars (1963), the 3-kelvin microwave background radiation (1965), pulsars (1967), and the first black hole candidates (1981)
Intracluster medium (1,393 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the ICM cause distortions in the spectrum of the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB), known as the Sunyaev–Zel'dovich effect. These temperature
INTEGRAL (1,746 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
active detectors to detect and veto charged particles that lead to background radiation. The SPI ACS (AntiCoincidence Shield) consists of a BGO scintillator
The Voices of Time (short story) (959 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
"Goodbye, Eniwetok" – an allusion suggesting that increased levels of background radiation from nuclear weapons testing may somehow be responsible for mankind's
FITS (1,062 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
spherical projection widely used in observing the cosmic microwave background radiation. FITS also supports tabular data with named columns and multidimensional
BRET (43 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
BRET may refer to: Background Radiation Equivalent Time Bioluminescence resonance energy transfer This disambiguation page lists articles associated with
Cyanide (3,712 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
"Interstellar Cyanogen and the Temperature of the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 413 (2): L67–L71. Bibcode:1993ApJ
Cosmic mass (95 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
observable universe Cosmic mass distribution, see Cosmic microwave background radiation and Large-scale structure of the cosmos Cosmic mass density, see
Jodrell Bank Observatory (5,034 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
astronomy—including research into pulsars, the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation, gravitational lenses, active galaxies and astrophysical masers.
List of contributors to general relativity (1,795 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(Brans–Dicke theory, parametrized post-Newtonian (PPN) formalism, background radiation), Paul A.M. Dirac (graviton, monograph), Tevian Dray (asymptotic
Moment (physics) (2,853 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
the WMAP and Planck experiments to analyze the cosmic microwave background radiation. In works believed to stem from Ancient Greece, the concept of a
Nucifer experiment (1,241 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
by layers of lead and polyethylene to provide shielding against background radiation. Between the detection tank and the shielding is a plastic scintillator
Cold dark matter (2,157 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
smooth initial state at early times (as shown by the cosmic microwave background radiation) to the lumpy distribution of galaxies and their clusters we see
Viper (disambiguation) (821 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Radar Establishment Viper telescope, used to view mainly cosmic background radiation Vyper, one of the programming languages used in Ethereum VIPeR, a
1964 in science (1,422 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Elektron satellites. Spring – First recognition of cosmic microwave background radiation as a detectable phenomenon. The discovery and confirmation of the
Saha ionization equation (1,423 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
red-shifted by a factor of about 1,000, generates the 3 K cosmic microwave background radiation, which pervades the universe today. List of plasma (physics) articles
George Efstathiou (805 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1086/163168. Bond, J. R.; Efstathiou, G. (October 1984). "Cosmic background radiation anisotropies in universes dominated by nonbaryonic dark matter".
Micromort (1,983 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Traveling 6000 miles (10,000 km) by jet (cancer due to increased background radiation) Such risks are better expressed using the related concept of a microlife
List of plasma physics articles (194 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
loop Coronal radiative losses Coronal seismology Cosmic microwave background radiation Cotton–Mouton effect Coulomb collision Coulomb explosion Columbia
Eric Lerner (1,635 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Lerner, Eric (1992). "Force-Free Magnetic Filaments and the Cosmic Background Radiation" (PDF). IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. 20 (6): 935. Bibcode:1992ITPS
Explorer 7 (1,808 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
unable to detect solar X-rays due to its sensors being saturated by background radiation in the Van Allen radiation belt. Two omnidirectional Geiger counters
List of National Historic Landmarks in New Jersey (341 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Monmouth Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson discovered the microwave background radiation that permeates the universe using this antenna. This work earned
Scalar–tensor–vector gravity (1,678 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
observations, including: The acoustic peaks in the cosmic microwave background radiation; The accelerating expansion of the universe that is apparent from
George Blumenthal (astrophysicist) (502 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
gamma-ray bursts, accretion disks, active galaxies, and the microwave background radiation left by the Big Bang. Blumenthal was the chair of the UC Santa Cruz
Vanguard 3 (2,163 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
daylight portion of each orbit. However, due to the overwhelming background radiation of the Van Allen Belts, its sensors were saturated, and no useful
1089 (number) (738 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
have these properties. The numerical value of the cosmic microwave background radiation redshift is about z = 1089 (z = 0 corresponds to present time) In
Coded aperture (758 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
faults in individual sensors; on the other hand it accepts more background radiation than a focusing-optics imager (e.g., a refracting or reflecting telescope)
Very Large Array (1,858 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Gravitational-wave astronomy Related articles Aperture synthesis Cosmic microwave background radiation Interferometry Odd radio circle Pulsar timing array Radio propagation
Timeline of scientific experiments (1,091 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
experiment. 1965 – Arno Penzias, Robert Wilson: Cosmic microwave background radiation, evidence of the Big Bang. 1967 – Kerim Kerimov launches the Cosmos
Large Latin American Millimeter Array (1,504 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of molecular absorption lines in the direction of quasars. Cosmic background radiation. Search for CO in galaxies with high redshift. Molecular abundance
Bakhshali manuscript (2,097 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cosmic radiation at different altitudes and the possible variation in background radiation due to the presence of certain minerals in exposed, mountainous rock
SCK CEN (2,123 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
to which Belgians may be exposed, such as medical applications or background radiation; the effective dose that would be emitted in Mol/Dessel; individual
Outline of natural science (9,913 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
that originate outside the atmosphere of Earth (such as the cosmic background radiation). Astrobiology – study of evolution, distribution, and future of
Random number generation (4,333 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
external electromagnetic and quantum phenomena. For example, cosmic background radiation or radioactive decay as measured over short timescales represent
Absolute zero (4,078 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
-270.42 degrees celsius, based on measurements of cosmic microwave background radiation. Absolute zero cannot be achieved, although it is possible to reach
Airborne observatory (612 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
flights in 1998 and 1999, were used to map the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation. In 1965, a USA military Boeing NC-135 flying laboratory performed
Herschel Medal (462 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Penzias Robert Woodrow Wilson Discovery of the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation 1980 Gérard de Vaucouleurs Galaxy classification and cataloging 1983
Extinction (astronomy) (3,488 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
Emission for Use in Estimation of Reddening and Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation Foregrounds". Astrophysical Journal. 500 (2): 525–553. arXiv:astro-ph/9710327
Absolute zero (4,078 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
-270.42 degrees celsius, based on measurements of cosmic microwave background radiation. Absolute zero cannot be achieved, although it is possible to reach
Cold (3,125 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the Universe is roughly 2.725 kelvins, due to the Cosmic microwave background radiation, a remnant of the Big Bang. Neptune's moon Triton has a surface temperature
Three Mile Island accident (15,852 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
natural background radiation and medical practice. The 1.4-mrem dose may also be compared to differences in annual doses in background radiation from living
CUORE (2,098 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
develop a scintillating bolometer with the ability to veto ionizing background radiation. Arnaboldi, C.; et al. (CUORE Collaboration) (2004). "CUORE: a cryogenic
M. Krishnan Nair (doctor) (1,527 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
India. He has done an exhaustive study on human health effects of background radiation in coastal areas of Kerala. Nair has also published more than 300
Cosmic string (3,281 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Sheth, Ravi K. (2013-10-01). "Peak–peak correlations in the cosmic background radiation from cosmic strings". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Herschel Medal (462 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Penzias Robert Woodrow Wilson Discovery of the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation 1980 Gérard de Vaucouleurs Galaxy classification and cataloging 1983
Scale factor (cosmology) (1,939 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
recombination), at which the photons which compose the cosmic microwave background radiation were last scattered, is often mistaken[neutrality is disputed] as
Project A119 (2,137 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
as it would interfere with plans to measure the Moon's natural background radiation. The existence of Project A119 remained largely secret until the
First observation of gravitational waves (7,451 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
indicated a clear detection at a significance of 15 sigma above background radiation. The AGILE space telescope also did not detect a gamma-ray counterpart
List of astronomy acronyms (13,087 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Collisionless Boltzmann Equation CBR – (celestial object) cosmic background radiation CC – (celestial object) candidate companion, a newly detected observed
Gravity (6,529 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
even taking this into account photons from the cosmic microwave background radiation gain twice as much energy as expected. This may indicate that gravity
Unruh effect (2,762 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
effect with current technology. Dynamical Casimir effect Cosmic Background Radiation Hawking radiation Black hole thermodynamics Pair production Quantum
Paris Diderot University (965 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Physics 2006 for the discovery of anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background radiation Yazdan Yazdanpanah, infectiologist Stefano Zacchiroli, Former Debian
Olbers' paradox (2,923 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
result of the cosmic expansion, and thus forms the cosmic microwave background radiation. This explains the relatively low light densities and energy levels
Thermographic camera (3,441 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
because their high sensitivity requires careful shielding from the background radiation. Superconducting detectors offer extreme sensitivity, with some able
Axis of evil (disambiguation) (174 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
anomaly in the temperature distribution of the cosmic microwave background radiation Axis of Evil (album), a 2003 album by Suicide Commando Axis of Evil
Starobinsky inflation (644 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
led to specific predictions for the corrections to the microwave background radiation, corrections that were then calculated in detail. Starobinsky originally
Infinity (6,012 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
measured through multipole moments in the spectrum of the cosmic background radiation. To date, analysis of the radiation patterns recorded by the WMAP
Smolensk Nuclear Power Plant (816 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Smolensk Nuclear Power Plant and in the nearby area is consistent with background radiation. Hence, Smolensk NPP is an ecologically friendly facility having
Le Sage's theory of gravitation (11,163 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
penetrating capability. This has some similarity to the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) discovered in the 20th century. CMBR is indeed a space-filling
Luminescence dating (2,540 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
charge accumulates over time at a rate determined by the amount of background radiation at the location where the sample was buried. Stimulating these mineral
Caesium-137 (3,150 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of a shared jacket that put out about 130,000 times the level of background radiation at 1 meter distance. In the Acerinox accident of 1998, the Spanish
Boltzmann brain (2,848 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
bodies", "observers who believe they are perceiving 3 K microwave background radiation through telescopes", "observers who have a memory of coherent experiences"
Observational astronomy (3,367 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the microwave horn receiver led to the discovery of the microwave background radiation associated with the Big Bang. Radio astronomy has continued to expand
Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (5,657 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The Low Background Radiation Experiment studies the effects of reduced radiation environment to biological systems. The Low Background Radiation Experiment
Fallout 3 (10,612 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
character absorbs radiation, either by walking through areas with background radiation, and consuming food and drink that is irradiated with a small amount
Resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization (1,003 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
concentration. Furthermore, there is very little solar or other natural background radiation in the microwave spectral region. Rydberg ionization spectroscopy
Caesium-137 (3,150 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of a shared jacket that put out about 130,000 times the level of background radiation at 1 meter distance. In the Acerinox accident of 1998, the Spanish
Edward Arthur Milne (2,016 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1935, using this model, Milne published a prediction of the cosmic background radiation which appears to be of a much different character than that predicted
Hubble bubble (astronomy) (1,133 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
such as photometry and cosmic distance ladder. For example, cosmic background radiation data from the Atacama Cosmology Telescope implies that the universe
X-ray reflectivity (1,907 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
included in fitting, as well. Additional fitting parameters may be background radiation level and limited sample size due to which beam footprint at low
Arnold Wolfendale (1,393 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
energy end of the primary spectrum and to the origin of the gamma-ray background radiation. His optical group under Scarrott has recently obtained a beautiful
Randlev and Hesselbjerg (2,601 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
background radiation an individual was exposed to over the course of their lifetime stored in their bones and teeth to the known background radiation
Suzanne Staggs (392 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
University University of Chicago Thesis An absolute measurement of the cosmic background radiation temperature at 1.4 GHz Doctoral advisor David Todd Wilkinson
List of Rice University people (4,967 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
2003 Robert Woodrow Wilson, 1957, co-discoverer of cosmic microwave background radiation Robert F. Curl Jr., 1954, co-discoverer of fullerenes Jay Bailey
Large Hadron Collider (10,586 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
on the landscape and to take advantage of the shielding against background radiation that the earth's crust provides. The 3.8-metre (12 ft) wide concrete-lined
Semiconductor package (1,562 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
materials for high-density dynamic memory must be selected for low background radiation; a single alpha particle emitted by package material can cause a
Plutonium in the environment (2,974 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Subsequent investigations have found no increase in the natural background radiation in the area. The Apollo 13 accident represents an extreme scenario
Edward George Bowen (1,969 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Gravitational-wave astronomy Related articles Aperture synthesis Cosmic microwave background radiation Interferometry Odd radio circle Pulsar timing array Radio propagation
Hat Creek Radio Observatory (337 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Gravitational-wave astronomy Related articles Aperture synthesis Cosmic microwave background radiation Interferometry Odd radio circle Pulsar timing array Radio propagation
Bell Telephone Laboratories (disambiguation) (161 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Jersey, where Penzias and Wilson discovered the cosmic microwave background radiation. Bell Labs Holmdel Complex at 101 Crawfords Corner Road, Holmdel
Antarctica (12,870 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
at the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station study cosmic microwave background radiation and neutrinos from space. The largest neutrino detector in the world
Steven Weinberg (3,797 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
interest in general relativity after the discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation. He was also appointed the senior scientist at the Smithsonian Astrophysical
Ozyorsk, Chelyabinsk Oblast (2,411 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of the chemical plant, dosimetrists noted a sharp increase in the background radiation. Many industrial buildings, vehicles, concrete and railways were
Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (2,331 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
extragalactic X-ray sky with ROSAT, XMM-Newton and Chandra and resolving the background radiation into individual sources (since 1998) Confirmation that a supermassive
List of the most distant astronomical objects (6,593 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
uses authors parameter (link) Redshift states the Cosmic microwave background radiation as having a redshift of z = 1089 Stefanie Waldek (7 April 2022).
Katherine MacLean (2,209 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
again, and invents a new theory. (New at the time.) Mutation from background radiation does not just strike the sperm and egg making chromosome changes
Université Paris Cité (2,180 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Physics 2006 for the discovery of anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background radiation Stefano Zacchiroli, Former Debian Project Leader. Marcel-Paul Schützenberger
Norwegian Civil Defence (486 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
personnel trained in measuring radioactivity. The unit measures background radiation at set locations and times for comparison. They are also trained
Manhunt (Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons) (1,124 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
warn Black and order him to return to the atomic centre, where the background radiation will make him undetectable to Spectrum. Sighting the SPV from the
Quasar (7,757 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
from the direction of our motion relative to the cosmic microwave background radiation. In March 2021, a collaboration of scientists, related to the Event
Tritium (6,584 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
40 microsieverts in SI units) per year. This is about 1.3% of the natural background radiation (roughly 3,000 μSv). Tritium has been used for biological radiometric
Odon Godart (794 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
18, 1996. In 1965, Odon Godart announced the discovery of cosmic background radiation by Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson to his former colleague Georges
Modern searches for Lorentz violation (10,065 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
between the Solar System and the rest frame of the cosmic microwave background radiation of ∼368 km/s (see also Resonator Michelson–Morley experiments). In
Kyshtym disaster (2,989 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of the chemical plant, dosimetrists noted a sharp increase in the background radiation. Many industrial buildings, vehicles, concrete structures, and railways
Supreme (character) (3,347 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
brilliant scientist Chelsea Handler has discovered an anomaly in background radiation that stretches across the timestream, from four months in the past
Stockert Radio Telescope (261 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Gravitational-wave astronomy Related articles Aperture synthesis Cosmic microwave background radiation Interferometry Odd radio circle Pulsar timing array Radio propagation
Uroš Seljak (806 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
is particularly well-known for his research on cosmic microwave background radiation, galaxy clustering and weak gravitational lensing, and the implications
Baranikha, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (1,401 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
this generator is unrestricted and in 2000 it was discovered that background radiation levels were found to be several times higher than the maximum prescribed
Planck units (6,092 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Temperature 1.9 × 10−32 TP 2.725 K temperature of the cosmic microwave background radiation Cosmological constant 2.9 × 10−122 l −2 P 1.1 × 10−52 m−2 Hubble
Holmdel Township, New Jersey (10,194 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Woodrow Wilson of Bell Labs discovered evidence for cosmic microwave background radiation while performing research with the Holmdel Horn Antenna, earning
Dirac large numbers hypothesis (2,012 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
that LNH is inconsistent with experimental results for microwave background radiation whereas Canuto and Hsieh argued that it is consistent. One argument
Nuclear reactor (9,780 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
normal operations is so low as to be undetectable above natural background radiation. Detectable strontium-90 in ground water and the general environment
Balloon-borne telescope (740 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
flights over the antarctic. It was used to map the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR). MAXIMA 1998–99 Microwave telescope with a cryogenic receiver
Anita Sarkeesian (5,080 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
harassment as itself being a form of harassment. "Harassment is the background radiation of my life," she later remarked in a Bloomberg Businessweek cover
United Nuclear Corporation (2,549 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
radiation exposure rates in the area to be consistent with natural background radiation, except directly over the UNC facility. UNC operated two facilities
Harvey Prize (3,102 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
genes." 2001 – James E. Peebles, U.S. – "Work on cosmic microwave background radiation and setting the physical basis for the hot big bang theory. For his
List of Nobel laureates affiliated with the City University of New York as alumni or faculty (798 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
class of 1954 Physics "for their discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation" 1985 Herbert A. Hauptman (shared with Jerome Karle) City College
Andrew E. Lange (929 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Cosmological implication of a new measurement of the submillimeter background radiation". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 39 (6): 941–948
Hormesis (3,706 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the extra ionizing radiation, with the remainder caused by natural background radiation. The observed cancer rate, though, was quite low at 7 cancer deaths