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searching for Ʋ 524 found (768 total)

alternate case: ʋ

Voiced labiodental approximant (878 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article

symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ʋ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is P or v\. With an advanced diacritic
Unicode subscripts and superscripts (2,519 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
more: Latin/IPA ᶛ ᶜ ᶝ ᶞ ᶟ ᶠ ᶡ ᶢ ᶣ ᶤ ᶥ ᶦ ᶧ ᶨ ᶩ ᶪ ᶫ ᶬ ᶭ ᶮ ᶯ ᶰ ᶱ ᶲ ᶳ ᶴ ᶵ ᶶ ᶷ ᶸ ᶺ ᶻ ᶼ ᶽ ᶾ, Greek ᶿ. The Cyrillic Extended-B block contains two Cyrillic superscripts:
Voiced labiodental fricative (924 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Europe, Africa, or Western Asia, although the similar labiodental approximant /ʋ/ is also common in India. The presence of [v] and absence of [w], is a very
Ve (Cyrillic) (578 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
voiced labiodental fricative /v/, like ⟨v⟩ in "vase". It can also represent /ʋ/ The capital letter Ve looks the same as the capital Latin letter B but is
Gujarati phonology (1,562 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
occurring at first members of clusters followed by consonants other than /ɾ, j, ʋ/ are unreleased; they are optionally unreleased in final position. The absence
W (3,482 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
speech, where Ł still represents the dark L sound.), and Dutch uses it for /ʋ/. Unlike its use in other languages, the letter is used in Welsh and Cornish
Anthem of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1,584 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
t͡s⁽ʲ⁾ʋ⁽ʲ⁾it roz.t͡s⁽ʲ⁾ʋ⁽ʲ⁾i.ˈɫɑ ‖] [ˈprɪs⁽ʲ⁾.p⁽ʲ⁾iu̯]: [ˈsɫɑ.ʋɐ so.ˈju.zʊ rɐ.ˈdʲɑn.ʲsʲko.mʊ | ˈsɫɑ.ʋɐ ‖] [ˈsɫɑ.ʋɐ ʋ⁽ʲ⁾it.ˈt͡ʃɪz⁽ʲ⁾.n⁽ʲ⁾i nɑ ʋ⁽ʲ⁾i.ˈkɪ ʋ⁽ʲ⁾i
Konni language (127 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
grouped into two sets according to the ATR feature: +ATR /i u e o/ −ATR /ɩ ʋ ɛ ɔ a/ Koma is related to Mampruli, Hanga and Buli. Konni at Ethnologue (18th
Adele language (356 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Fw G Gb Gy H I Ɩ K Kp Ky Kw L M N Ny Ŋ Ŋm Ŋw O Ɔ P Pw R S T U Ʋ W Y a b bw d e ɛ f fw g gb gy h i ɩ k kp ky kw l m n ny ŋ ŋm ŋw o ɔ p pw r s t u ʋ w y
Ozzero (129 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Ozzero (Milanese: Voeus'ger or Oeus'ger [(ʋ)øˈzdʒeːr]) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Milan in the Italian region Lombardy, located about
Edo language (995 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
maintains only a single phonemic nasal, /m/, but has 13 oral consonants, /r, l, ʋ, j, w/ and the 8 stops, which have nasal allophones such as [n, ɲ, ŋʷ], and
Proto-Hlai language (839 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
– loss of Pre-Hlai uvulars *q, *C-q, *C-ɢ Intervocalic Lenition – -p- > -ʋ-, -t- > -ɾ-, -k- > -ɦ-, etc. Initial Devoicing – loss of voiced fricatives
Slovene language (5,412 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
drevésa [ʋrɣ dreˈʋesa]). /ʋ/ has several allophones depending on context. Before a vowel, pronunciation is labiodental, [ʋ] (also described as [v]). After
Bena language (176 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
almost always occur as aspirated stops; [pʰ, tʰ, kʰ]. /v/ can be realized as [ʋ] intervocalically. [ɖ] can occur as an allophone of /d/ before long non high
History of the International Phonetic Alphabet (8,662 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
represent occur. For example: (ꞯ) [is] the Arabic ain [modern ⟨ʕ⟩]. (ꜰ) (ʋ) is a simple bilabial fricative [modern ⟨ɸ β⟩] ... (θ) is the English hard
Voiced labiodental plosive (287 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ved [b̪̆e̝ːˀð̠˕ˠ] 'know(s)' Rather short; also described as an approximant [ʋ]. A rare alternative is a fricative [v]. See Danish phonology. English subversive
Approximant (2,997 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
dialectal and allophonic variation in the realization of /ʋ/. For speakers who realize it as [ʋ], Rubach (2002:683) postulates an additional rule that changes
Doabi dialect (927 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Doabi's fortition /ʋ/ at the start of a word to [b] as in /'ʋə̀ɖ:a:/ (big) to ['bə̀ɖ:a:] . They also use [o] elsewhere in a word instead of /ʋ/ as in /'kʰʋa:b/
Maldivian phonology (669 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
result of the fusion of /n/ and /i/: /du:ni/ 'bird', /du:ɲɲeʔ/ 'a bird'. /ʋ/ can occasionally be heard as a fricative [v], it has a [w] allophone occurring
Eruwa language (114 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
depending on whether the following vowel is oral or nasal. The approximants /ʋ, ɹ, j, w/ also have nasal allophones. The inventory is: Ẹrụwa at Ethnologue
Slovene phonology (5,041 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
phonemes, of those only 21 are more common: /m, p, b/ are bilabial, whereas /f, ʋ, pf/ are labiodental. /t, d, ts, dz, s, z/ are dental [t̪, d̪, t̪s̪, d̪z̪
Lama language (53 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Uppercase A C D Ɖ E Ǝ Ɛ F H I Ɨ Ɩ K KP L Lowercase a c d ɖ e ǝ ɛ f h i ɨ ɩ k kp l Uppercase M N Ŋ Ñ O Ɔ P R S T U Ʋ W Y Lowercase m n ŋ ñ o ɔ p r s t u ʋ w y
IPA number (640 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
143 ħ   ʕ 144 145 h   ɦ 146 147 Lateral fricative ɬ   ɮ 148 149 Approximant ʋ 150 ɹ 151 ɻ 152 j 153 ɰ 154 Lateral approximant l 155 ɭ 156 ʎ 157 ʟ 158
Gungu language (203 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
⟨z⟩ zʷ ⟨zw⟩ zʲ ⟨zy⟩ +nas n̩z ⟨nz⟩ ⁿzʷ ⟨nzw⟩ ⁿzʲ ⟨nzy⟩ Tap ɾ ⟨r⟩ ɾʷ ⟨rw⟩ ɾʲ ⟨ry⟩ Approximant ʋ ⟨b̯⟩ ʋʷ ⟨b̯w⟩ l ⟨l⟩ lʷ ⟨lw⟩ lʲ ⟨ly⟩ j ⟨y⟩ jʷ ⟨yw⟩ w ⟨w⟩
Voiced labial–velar approximant (1,009 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
/ʋ/ before /u/. See Serbo-Croatian phonology Seri cmiique [ˈkw̃ĩːkːɛ] 'person' Allophone of /m/ Slovene cerkev [ˈt͡sèːrkəw] 'church' Allophone of /ʋ/
Tamil phonology (3,189 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Some like Krishnamurti consider the diphthongs as clusters of /a/ + /j, ʋ/ as they pattern with other VC. The way some words are written also varies
Miyakoan language (1,490 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
would otherwise be a sequence thereof, as in ansi [ɑnɕi ~ ɑntɕi] 'thus'. /ʋ/ is clearly labiodental as well and tends to become a fricative [v] when emphasized
International Phonetic Alphabet chart (150 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Pulmonic consonant (209 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Uvbie language (191 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
alternate, depending on whether the following vowel is oral or nasal. /ɾ, ʋ, j, w/ also have nasal allophones before nasal vowels. Uvwie at Ethnologue
Civenna (67 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Civenna (Western Lombard: Scivenna, locally Sciuvenna [ʃyˈ(ʋ)ɛna]) is a frazione of the comune (municipality) of Bellagio in the Province of Como in the
Okpe language (Southwestern Edo) (121 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
alternate, depending on whether the following vowel is oral or nasal. /ɾ, ʋ, w/ also have nasal allophones before nasal vowels. Okpe at Ethnologue (18th
Voiced dental fricative (1,248 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
variant transcriptions of the dental approximant include ⟨ʋ̠⟩ (retracted [ʋ]), ⟨ɹ̟⟩ (advanced [ɹ]) and ⟨ɹ̪⟩ (dentalised [ɹ]). It has been proposed that
Finnish phonology (4,530 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in other environments; e.g. magneetti /mɑŋneetti/, pingviini /piŋʋiini/. [ʋ] "is often accompanied by a somewhat ballistic lower-lip gesture, producing
Nancowry language (204 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Vietnamese and Khmer. The labial glide written variously v and w is written ʋ. Paul Sidwell (2017) published in ICAAL 2017 conference on Nicobarese languages
Finnish phonology (4,530 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in other environments; e.g. magneetti /mɑŋneetti/, pingviini /piŋʋiini/. [ʋ] "is often accompanied by a somewhat ballistic lower-lip gesture, producing
IPA consonant chart with audio (320 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant β̞ ʋ ð̞ ɹ ɹ̠ ɻ j ɰ ʁ̞ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r r̠ ɽ̊r̥
Novara (2,924 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Novara (Italian: [noˈvaːra] , Novarese: [nuˈ(ʋ)aːra]) is the capital city of the province of Novara in the Piedmont region in northwest Italy, to the
Japreria language (249 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Japrería (Yapreria) is a Cariban language of Venezuela. /ʋ/ is labiodental, while /m, p/ are bilabial. /ɨ/ and /u/ are allophones of [u]. Central /ä/
Voiceless labiodental plosive (261 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
/ɸ/ and /β/, respectively, instead). Slovene snop vidim [ˈs̪nɔ̂p̪ ˈʋíːd̪ìm] '(I) see a sheaf' Allophone of /p/ before /f, ʋ/. See Slovene phonology.
Afenmai language (623 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
/t/ is only slightly longer than dental /θ/, and while /v/ is longer than /ʋ/, that's to be expected for a fricative compared to an approximant. The postalveolar
Tarama language (330 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Tarama consonants Labial Alveolar Velar Nasal m n Plosive p b t d k ɡ Affricate ts   Fricative f v s z Rhotic ɭ̆/ ⟨l⟩ Approximant w~ʋ j
Krahô dialect (128 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Krahô people. A short /a/ can have an allophone of a mid-central sound [ə]. /ʋ/ is realized as [w] when occurring in between vowels. Nikulin, Andrey (2020)
Sindhi language (4,696 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
is not clear if /ɲ/ is similar, or truly palatal. /ʋ/ is realized as labiovelar [w] or labiodental [ʋ] in free variation, but is not common, except before
Permic languages (1,047 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Permic languages. Komi has merged original *w into /ʋ/ and undergone a word-final a change *l → /ʋ/ ~ /w/ in many dialects, while Udmurt has changed word-initially
Labiodental consonant (833 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative English fan [fæn] v voiced labiodental fricative English van [væn] ʋ voiced labiodental approximant Dutch wang [ʋɑŋ] 'cheek' ⱱ voiced labiodental
Norwegian phonology (4,095 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
postvocalically before /p, k, f/. The approximants /ʋ, j/ may be realized as fricatives [v, ʝ]: /ʋ/ is sometimes a fricative, especially before a pause
Nias language (1,882 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
are no phonetic vowel-initial words in Nias. The contrast between [v] and [ʋ] (both written ⟨w⟩ in common spelling) is only observed in the southern dialect
Kirshenbaum (580 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Muna language (969 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the following consonant phonemes. Notes: The phoneme /ʋ/ is realized as a labiodental approximant [ʋ] before unrounded vowels, and as a bilabial approximant
Äiwoo language (1,132 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
e.g. /ᵐbʷ/ is realized [ᵐbʷ] ~ [bʷ]. The voiced labio-dental approximant /ʋ/ may also be realized as a fricative [v]. /s/ can also be heard as an affricate
Echo word (627 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
syllables (gi- or ki-). Indo-Aryan languages typically use labial fixed onsets (ʋ-, p-, pʰ-, b-, or m-). Other languages of India often use coronal fixed onsets
Voiced labiodental nasal (917 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
before /f/ and /ʋ/. See Serbo-Croatian phonology Slovene simfonija [siɱfoˈníːjà] 'symphony' Allophone of /m/ and /n/ before /f/ and /ʋ/. Spanish influir
Roundedness (2,479 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
diacritics to represent the distinction, but the superscript IPA letter ⟨◌ᵝ⟩ or ⟨◌⟩ can be used for compression and ⟨◌ʷ⟩ for protrusion. Compressed vowels may
Alsatian dialect (1,558 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
labiodental voiced fricative /v/ sound is also present as well as an approximant /ʋ/ sound. /ʁ/ may have phonetic realizations as [ʁ], [ʁ̞], and [ʀ]. Short vowels:
Tangkhul language (470 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
d dʒ ɡ] in free variation. /m/ may be heard as [ɱ] when preceding /f/ or /ʋ/. /r/ can be heard as [r] or [ɾ] in free variation. /i e a u/ can have allophone
Sallaans dialect (565 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
[yː]. [ɡ] appears only as an allophone of /k/ before voiced consonants. /ʋ/ occurring before and after back-rounded vowels is pronounced as a labio-velar
Guro language (73 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Guro alphabet (2008) a an b bh c d e ɛ ɛn f g i in ɩ j k kp l m n nw ny o ɔ ɔn p s t u un ʋ w y z
Maku language of Auari (2,131 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
articulation of the stop they precede. /w/ is realized as [ʋ] before /i e/. It is realized as [ʋ] or [ɥ] before /y/ (a sequence which only occurs in the
Obsolete and nonstandard symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet (629 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
capitals supported by Unicode are Ɓ/Ƃ Ƈ Ɗ/Ƌ Ə/Ǝ Ɠ Ħ Ɯ Ɲ Ɵ Ʃ (capital ʃ) Ʈ Ʊ Ʋ Ʒ. (See Case variants of IPA letters.) Capital letters are also used as cover
Aari language (975 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(Ubamer) Zeddo Stop sounds /p b/ can have allophones as fricatives [ɸ β]. /ʋ/ can also be heard as labio-velar [w]. Aari has two tones, high and low. Aari
Mahasu Pahari (715 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
dialects. [j, w] are mainly heard after vowels. [w] can also be an allophone of /ʋ/. A short /u/ may also have an allophone of a near-close sound [ʊ]. [ə] is
Pengo language (61 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
p t ʈ c k   voiced b d ɖ ɟ ɡ   Fricative voiceless   s       h voiced   z         Approximant central ʋ     j     lateral   l         Tap   ɾ ɽ      
Hindustani phonology (3,734 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
continue to maintain the four-way phonation distinction in final position. /ʋ/ varies freely with [v], and can also be pronounced [w]. /r/ is usually flapped
X-SAMPA (539 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
voiced labiodental fricative English vest [vEst], French voix [vwa] v\ (or P) ʋ labiodental approximant Dutch west [v\Est]/[PEst] w w labial-velar approximant
Old Georgian (1,281 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
postconsonantal position and [ʋ] or [β] in other positions. In modern Georgian spelling (as standardized in 1879), both [w] and [ʋ/β] are consistently written
Pashayi languages (396 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
but is lost among younger speakers, and is heard as a postalveolar [ʒ]. /ʋ/ is heard before front vowels /i e/. When occurring before or after central
Voiceless linguolabial fricative (165 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Finnish orthography (2,703 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
phoneme in Finnish, but historically ⟨w⟩ was used to mark [v] (or, rather, [ʋ]), as in Dutch, German or Polish. Although this is today considered archaic
Bajuni dialect (165 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
unaspirated p t̪ c k voiceless aspirated pʰ t̪ʰ cʰ kʰ Fricative voiced v ð (ɣ) voiceless f (θ) s ʃ (x) h Approximant l, (r) j w (ʋ) Nasals m n̪ n ɲ ŋ
Yao language (975 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Plosive/ Affricate voiceless p t t͡ʃ k voiced b d d͡ʒ ɡ Fricative s Nasal m n ɲ ŋ Approximant ʋ l j w
Gaj's Latin alphabet (1,977 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
pronounced in four ways (/eː/, /ɛ/, /ɛː/ and /ə/), and letter ⟨v⟩ in two ([ʋ] and [w], though the difference is not phonemic). Also, it does not reflect
Voiced bilabial fricative (1,331 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
[βɪŋ] 'wine' Allophone of syllable-initial /v/ for some speakers; can be [ʋ ~ w ~ ɰ] instead.[citation needed] See Colognian phonology Sardinian Logudorese
Duruwa language (193 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal Nasal m n̪ ɲ ŋ Plosive voiceless p t ʈ c k voiced b d ɖ ɟ ɡ Fricative (s) (h) Approximant central ʋ j lateral l Tap ɾ ɽ
Anthem of Transnistria (909 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ˈnɪ i m⁽ʲ⁾i.ˈstɑ |] [tut ˈt͡ʃɛs.no prɐ.ˈt͡sʲu.jʊtʲ nɐ.ˈrɔ.dɪ] [nɑ ˈbɫɑ.ɦo ʋ⁽ʲ⁾it.ˈt͡ʃɪz.nɪ trʊ.ˈdɑ ǁ] [ˈprɪs⁽ʲ⁾.p⁽ʲ⁾iu̯] [ˈt͡ʃɛ.rez ˈdɔ.ɫɪ i ˈwɔ.dɪ] [pro
Faroese phonology (1,373 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Intervocalic /v/ is normally an approximant [ʋ], whereas word-initial /v/ varies between an approximant [ʋ] and a fricative [v]. /n/ is dental [n̪], whereas
Ukrainian phonology (2,715 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
commonly bilabial [β̞] before vowels but can alternate with labiodental [ʋ] (most commonly before /i/), and it can be a true labiovelar [w] before /ɔ/
Katso language (405 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
some instances it may lose sufficient frication to be similar to [u] or [ʋ]. Donlay identifies 8 diphthongs, /iɛ ia io ɛi uo ua ui au/ and two triphthongs
Voiced palatal lateral affricate (205 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Chepang language (665 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
directly next to front vowels is realized as the labio-dental approximant [ʋ] Research suggests that Chepang may have had a three vowel system at one point
Naming conventions of the International Phonetic Alphabet (941 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
SMALL LETTER ALPHA ɡ single-story g voiced velar stop LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G ʋ cursive v labiodental approximant LATIN SMALL LETTER V WITH HOOK
Bernese German phonology (1,160 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
/m, p, b̥/ are bilabial, /p͡f/ is bilabial-labiodental, whereas /f, v̥, ʋ/ are labiodental. /l/ has a labialized velar allophone [w], see below. /r/
IPA Braille (1,428 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
⠦ ⠇ ⠦ ⠉ ⠦ ⠵ ⠦ ⠧ ⠦ ⠽ ⠦ ⠍ ⠦ ⠼ ⠦ ⠜ ⠦ ⠆ ɬ ɕ ʑ ʋ ʎ ɰ ɺ ɞ ʡ
Miji languages (459 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
tʃ tɕ voiced dz dʒ Fricative voiceless f θ s ʃ ʂ x h voiced v ð z ʒ ʐ ʑ ɦ Lateral fricative voiceless ɬ voiced ɮ Rhotic r ɽ Approximant ʋ l, ɫ ɭ j w
Bilabial ejective fricative (155 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless retroflex lateral affricate (255 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless bidental fricative (210 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless labial–velar fricative (797 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
[ʃəxʷəpəməxˈtʃin] 'Shuswap language' Slavic Slovene vse [ˈʍsɛ] 'everything' Allophone of /ʋ/ in the syllable onset before voiceless consonants, in free variation with
Afrikaans phonology (2,911 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
are labiodental. According to some authors, /v/ is actually an approximant [ʋ]. /p, t, k, tʃ/ are unaspirated. /k/ may be somewhat more front before front
Voiced uvular trill (1,031 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
sounds may be a voiced uvular fricative [ʁ] or a labiodental approximant [ʋ]. See Italian phonology. Japreria peŕo [peʀo] 'dog' Contrasts with flap [ɾ]
Voiced retroflex lateral affricate (229 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Dental ejective affricate (221 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Back vowel (367 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
West Kilimanjaro language (127 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
also be heard as uvular [ʁ] in free variation. /β/ can also be realized as [ʋ] or [w] among some speakers. [ɟ] is found in loanwords. /h/ only rarely occurs
Mamean languages (34 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
N/A N/A /pʼ/ N/A b /β/ N/A N/A N/A bʼ /ɓ/ /ɓ/ /ɓ/ /ɓ/ m /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ w /ʋ, ʍ, f/ /v, ʍ, f/ /v, w/ /v, f/ t /tʰ/ /tʰ/ /tʰ/ /tʰ/ tʼ /tʼ, ɗ/ /tʼ/ /tʼ,
Close vowel (346 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced linguolabial nasal (164 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Open vowel (354 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced linguolabial plosive (182 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Central vowel (341 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Palatal ejective stop (262 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless retroflex implosive (319 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless retroflex lateral flap (295 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced epiglottal affricate (242 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Ingrian phonology (1,490 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
d /t/ k, g /k/ Nasal m /m/ n /n/ [ŋ] Fricative f /f/ s, z /s/ [x] h /h/ Lateral l /l/ Trill r /r/ Affricate ts /t͡s/ c /t͡ʃ/ Approximant v /ʋ/ j /j/
Retroflex ejective stop (208 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced linguolabial fricative (148 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Mid vowel (392 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Pisamira language (126 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Pisamira Consonant Phonemes Labial Apical Palatal Velar Glottal Stops voiceless p t k voiced b d g Continuants ʋ ʝ h Affricates t͡ʃ Trills r
Alveolar lateral ejective fricative (234 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Kilmeri language (568 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Glottal Plosive voiced prenasalised b d ⌈g⌉ Voiceless p k ⌈ʔ⌉ Labialized (pʷ̜) Nasal m n Rhotic ᵐʙ r Fricative (β / ɸ) ⌈f⌉ s Lateral l Approximant ʋ j
Romanization of Lao (144 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
— — — ຟ /f/ f — — — ມ /m/ m /m/ m ຢ /j/ y — — — ຣ /r/, /l/ r — — — ລ /l/ l — — — ວ /ʋ/, /w/ v v, w /w/ w w ຫ /h/ h — — — ອ /ʔ/ — — — — ຮ /h/ h h — —
Voiced bilabial click (305 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced velar lateral affricate (227 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Romanization of Persian (1,703 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
IPA Old Persian Middle Persian (Pahlavi) Avestan Consonants p p f f b b β~ʋ~w — β β/w t t t, t̰ θ θ/ϑ d d ð — (δ) δ θr ç/ϑʳ θʳ/ϑʳ s s z z ʃ š š, š́, ṣ̌
Hindustani orthography (1,017 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ग घ ङ k kʰ ɡ ɡʱ ŋ च छ ज झ ञ t͡ʃ t͡ʃʰ d͡ʒ d͡ʒʱ ɲ ट ठ ड ढ ण ʈ ʈʰ ɖ ɖʱ ɳ त थ द ध न t̪ t̪ʰ d̪ d̪ʱ n प फ ब भ म p pʰ b bʱ m य र ल व j ɾ l ʋ श ष स ह ʃ ʂ s ɦ
International Phonetic Alphabet chart for English dialects (1,824 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and South African English. R-labialization, in which r is pronounced as [ʋ], is found in some accents in Southern England. Some dialects, such as Scottish
Khmer script (4,413 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
[rɔː] r r r [r] ល ្ល lô lo la [lɔː] l l l [l] វ ្វ vô vo va [ʋɔː] v v v [ʋ] ឝ ្ឝ Obsolete; historically used for palatal s Used only for Pali/Sanskrit
Voiceless retroflex nasal (248 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Retroflex ejective fricative (198 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Nyabwa language (102 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Nyabwa alphabet a b bh c d e ɛ f g gb gw i ɩ j k kp kw l m n ng ny o ɔ p r s t u ʋ v w y z
Kalkoti language (227 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
d ɖ ɡ Affricate voiceless ts tʂ tʃ aspirated tʂʰ (?) tʃʰ voiced dʒ Fricative voiceless (f) s ʂ ʃ x voiced z ɣ Lateral l Flap ɾ ɽ (?) Approximant ʋ j
Ehueun language (164 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Palatal Velar Labio-velar Glottal Plosive   b t  d k  ɡ k͡p  ɡ͡b   Fricative ɸ  β [m] f  v s  z   h Rhotic   r̝  r         Approximant ʋ l [n] j   w  
Velar ejective fricative (144 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Biao language (1,504 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
subgroup with Lakkia, or form an independent branch of Kra–Dai on its own. /ʋ/ may also be pronounced as [w] in free variation. A labialized sound /kʷ/
Lacandon language (129 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
implosive bʼ [ɓ] Affricate aspirated tz [tsʰ] ch [tʃʰ] ejective tzʼ [tsʼ] chʼ [tʃʼ] Fricative s [s] x [ʃ] h [ʜ] Approximant l [l] y [j] w [ʋ] Flap r [ɾ]
Voiceless linguolabial plosive (204 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
We (Cyrillic) (259 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Cyrillic letter We Phonetic usage: [w], [ʋ], [β̞], [β], [u̯] Derived from: Latin letter W The Cyrillic script Slavic letters Non-Slavic letters Archaic
Voiceless palatal implosive (245 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
TIPA (software) (163 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced retroflex lateral fricative (268 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
IPA vowel chart with audio (232 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
IPA vowel chart with audio (232 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Luri language (1,230 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(eg. /oh/; [ɔː]). [v, w] occur as allophones of a labiodental approximant /ʋ/. In comparison with other Iranian languages, Luri has been less affected
Voiceless bilabial implosive (321 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Pronunciation of English /r/ (1,156 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
some Aberdeen English) "Labial" or "Rounded" R: labiodental approximant [ʋ] (occurs in some South-East England and London English as a presumed idiosyncrasy
Voiced palatal lateral fricative (283 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Dorsal consonant (203 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless palatal lateral affricate (191 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Northwest Gbaya language (294 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Northwest Gbaya phonetic alphabet a b ɓ d ɗ e ɛ f g gb h i k kp l m mb n nd ng ngb ɲ ŋ nm p ɔ p r s t u v ʋ w y z ʔ
Dental ejective fricative (229 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless uvular–epiglottal plosive (285 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Beijing dialect (3,046 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Mandarin. When /w/ occurs in syllable-initial position, many speakers use [ʋ] before vowels other than [o] as in 我 wǒ, and [u] as in 五; wǔ, e.g. 尾巴 wěiba
Poula language (320 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
aspirated b d g Nasal plain m n ŋ aspirated ŋ̊ʰ Fricative voiceless s ɕ h voiced ʑ Affricate voiceless tɕ voiced dʑ Approximant ʋ j Liquid rhotic ɾ lateral l
Dental consonant (501 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Palato-alveolar ejective fricative (195 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Cofán language (3,996 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
morphemes, working both backwards and forwards. The consonants /p/, /t/, /ʋ/, and /j/ all become nasalized when following a nasal vowel, becoming /ᵐb/
Velar ejective affricate (229 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Labiodental ejective fricative (193 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Epiglottal ejective stop (228 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless retroflex trill (315 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless epiglottal affricate (225 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced uvular lateral approximant (253 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless labiodental fricative (901 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(people)' Allophone of /v/ before voiceless obstruents in dialects with /ʋ/ → /v/ development. See Slovene phonology Somali feex [fɛħ] 'wart' See Somali
Ronga language (285 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
J K L Lh M N Nʼ O P Ps R S Sv Sw T U V Vh W X Xj Y Z Zv Zw Value a b~β b͡ʐ tʃ d e~ɛ ɡ h ɸ i dʒ k l ʎ m n ŋ ɔ~o p p͡ʂ r s ʂ sʷ t u ʋ v w ʃ ʒ j z ʐ zʷ
Uvular ejective fricative (173 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Pai Tavytera language (156 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Labial Alveolar Post- alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ voiced b d ɡ Fricative s ʃ ʝ h Rhotic ɾ Nasal m n ɲ (ŋ) Approximant ʋ l w
Alveolo-palatal ejective fricative (222 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Maithili grammar (3,153 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
interchangeable with [ɽ~ɾ] and [ɽʱ~rʱ] respectively. Approximant sounds [ʋ, w, j] and fricative sounds [ɸ, f, z, ɕ, ʃ, ʒ, ʂ, x], mainly occur in words
Near-open vowel (267 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless alveolar implosive (282 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Kanikkaran language (178 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Labial Dental Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Nasal m n̪ n ɳ ɲ ŋ Stop voiceless p t̪ ʈ c k voiced b d̪ Approximant ʋ l ɭ j Trill r Flap ɾ
Ollari language (131 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
voiceless p t̪ ʈ k voiced b d̪ ɖ ɡ Affricate voiceless t͡s t͡ʃ voiced d͡z d͡ʒ Fricative voiceless s voiced z Approximant central ʋ j lateral l Rhotic r, ɾ
Retroflex ejective affricate (301 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Consonant (2,455 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced uvular implosive (262 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Kiga language (461 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
can also be heard as a glide [ɹ] in free variation. /b/ can be heard as [ʋ] in intervocalic positions. a - [a] b - [b] ch/c - [t͡ʃ] d - [d] e - [ɛ] f
Uvular ejective affricate (284 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Ravula language (219 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Bilabial Dental Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Nasal m n̪ n ɳ ɲ ŋ Stop voiceless p t̪ ʈ c k voiced b d̪ ɖ ɟ g Fricative s Approximant ʋ l ɭ j Trill r
Jutlandic (3,502 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
distinction. Phonetically, it is known for having [w] for the phoneme /v~ʋ/ in all positions, as opposed to only post-vocalically in standard Danish
Voiced velar lateral tap (247 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Semivowel (1,102 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996) do not consider the labiodental approximant [ʋ] to be a semivowel. In the International Phonetic Alphabet, the diacritic
Kui language (India) (255 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
alv Velar Glottal Nasal m n ɳ Plosive/ Affricate voiceless p t ʈ t͡ʃ k voiced b d ɖ d͡ʒ ɡ Approximant central ʋ ~ b j lateral l Fricative s h Flap ɾ ɽ
Khandeshi language (261 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ʈ tʃ k aspirated pʰ tʰ ʈʰ kʰ voiced b d ɖ dʒ g breathy bʱ dʱ ɖʱ dʒʱ gʱ Fricative s ʃ ɦ Approximant voiced ʋ l j breathy ʋʱ Rhotic voiced r breathy rʱ
Voiced bilabial affricate (282 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Kolami (304 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Glottal Nasal m n ɳ ŋ Plosive voiceless p t ʈ t͡ʃ k voiced b d ɖ d͡ʒ ɡ Fricative voiceless s h voiced z Approximant central ʋ j lateral l ɭ Rhotic r
Yom language (309 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
For some speakers, the two allophones are in free variation. Previously ⟨ʋ⟩ was used instead of ⟨ʊ⟩.[page needed] Nouns are divided into genders or noun
Continuant (251 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Tenuis bilabial click (266 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Makonde language (247 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Palatal Velar Glottal Plosive voiceless p t k voiced b d ɡ prenasal ᵐb ⁿd ᶮɟ ᵑɡ Affricate tʃ Fricative s h Nasal m n ɲ ŋ Lateral l Approximant ʋ j w
Voiceless velar implosive (383 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless velar implosive (383 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless bilabially post-trilled dental stop (274 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless alveolar lateral flap (297 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Ndau dialect (841 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
[ɦ, ɦʷ] within dialectal areas. /β̞, β̞ʷ/ may also range to labio-dental [ʋ, ʋʷ] in free variation. The velar implosive /ɠ/ only appears in a few words
Voiced epiglottal trill (346 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless glottal affricate (332 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Palatal consonant (783 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless retroflex flap (309 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Doromu language (450 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
F G I K M N O R S T U V Y Lowercase letters a b d e f g i k m n o r s t u v y IPA /a/ /b/ /d/ /ɛ/ /f/ /ɡ/ /i/ /k/ /m/ /n/ /o/ /ɾ/ /s/ /t/ /u/ /ʋ/ /j/
Makonde language (247 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Palatal Velar Glottal Plosive voiceless p t k voiced b d ɡ prenasal ᵐb ⁿd ᶮɟ ᵑɡ Affricate tʃ Fricative s h Nasal m n ɲ ŋ Lateral l Approximant ʋ j w
Voiced velar lateral fricative (265 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
World Orthography (488 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Nasal click (741 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Romanisation of Maldivian (126 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
[ʂ] ނ n n n [n] ރ r r r [ɾ] ބ b b b [b] ޅ l ḷ l [ɭ] ކ k k k [k] ވ v v v [ʋ] މ m m m [m] ފ f f f [f] ދ dh d d [d̪] ތ th t t [t̪] ލ l l l [l] ގ g g g [ɡ]
Kuvi language (476 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Palatal/ P.alv Velar Glottal Nasal m n̪ ɳ ŋ Plosive/ Affricate voiceless p t̪ ʈ t͡ʃ k ʔ voiced b d̪ ɖ d͡ʒ ɡ Fricative s h Approximant ʋ l j Rhotic r ɽ
Muria language (122 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal Nasal m n ŋ Stop voiceless p t̪ ʈ t͡ʃ k voiced b d̪ ɖ d͡ʒ g Fricative s h Tap or Flap ɾ ɽ Approximant ʋ l ɭ j
Laryngeal consonant (322 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Creaky-voiced glottal approximant (340 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Dutch phonology (7,526 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Holland. The realization of /ʋ/ also varies by area (and less so by speaker): The main realisation is a labiodental approximant [ʋ], found in central and northern
Co-articulated consonant (299 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless uvular implosive (278 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced palatal lateral flap (230 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Latgalian phonology (586 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
kokejs transl. hockey. /v, vʲ/ are traditionally classified as approximants [ʋ, ʋʲ] which phonetically may be fricatives [v, vʲ]. For the approximants /ɪ̯/
Irula language (368 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Retroflex Post-alv./ Palatal Velar Nasal m n ɳ Stop voiceless p t̪ t ʈ t͡ʃ k voiced b d̪ d ɖ d͡ʒ ɡ Fricative s Approx. central ʋ j lateral l ɭ Rhotic ɾ, r ɽ
Coronal consonant (307 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Meänkieli (1,801 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
– [r] S – äs – [s] T – tee – [t] U – uu – [u] V – vee – [ʋ] W – kaksois-vee/tupla-vee – [ʋ] X – äks – [ks] Y – yy – [y] Z – tset(a) – [s] Å – ruotti
Koraga language (324 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Bilabial Dental/ Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal Nasal m n ŋ Stop voiceless p t ʈ c k voiced b d ɖ ɟ g Fricative s Approximant ʋ l j Rhotic r
Voiceless bilabial affricate (388 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Open-mid vowel (220 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Godié language (201 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Godié letters a ä b c d e ë f g gh gw i ï ɩ j k kw l m n ny nw ŋ o ö ɔ p s t u ü ʋ w y z
Voiceless retroflex lateral fricative (298 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Guarani alphabet (844 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the Spanish bilabial. It is also pronounced as the labiodental approximant [ʋ], which is like [w] with the lower lip touching the upper teeth. "H" [h] and
Voiced velar lateral approximant (427 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Alveolar ejective affricate (216 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced lateral click (329 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Tenuis dental click (347 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced dental click (372 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced retroflex implosive (333 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Piedmontese language (2,324 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the end of words, n represents the velar nasal /ŋ/. v is generally /v/, /ʋ/ before dental consonants and between vowels, /w/ ([f] by some speakers) at
Glottal consonant (404 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Loma language (601 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
voiced b d g ~ ɡ̟ ɡ͡b implosive ɓ voiceless p t k ~ k̟ k͡p aspirated pʰ tʰ kʰ Fricative voiced v z ɣ voiceless f s x Semivowel w j Approximant ʋ l ~ ɾ
Voiced alveolar click (373 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced palatal click (335 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Cursive forms of the International Phonetic Alphabet (177 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Bilabial consonant (436 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Chhattisgarhi language (448 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
aspirated pʰ tʰ ʈʰ tʃʰ kʰ voiced b d ɖ dʒ ɡ breathy bʱ dʱ ɖʱ dʒʱ ɡʱ Fricative s h Trill/Tap voiced r ɽ breathy ɽʱ Lateral voiced l breathy lʱ Approximant ʋ j
Tenuis lateral click (301 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Jianyang dialect (280 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ç], when preceding front vowels. /β/ can be realized as an approximant [ʋ] within different segments. The entering tones in Jianyang dialect don't have
Sinological phonetic notation (444 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Pha̍k-fa-sṳ (588 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
p ㄅ p pak-kûng 伯公 ph ㄆ pʰ pha̍k-fa 白話 m ㄇ m Mî-koet 美國 f ㄈ f fî-kî 飛機 v ㄪ ʋ vùn-sṳ 文字 t ㄉ t tú-sṳ́ 肚笥 th ㄊ tʰ thai-ngìn 大人 n ㄋ n nài-sâ 泥沙 l ㄌ l lî-mà
Jianyang dialect (280 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ç], when preceding front vowels. /β/ can be realized as an approximant [ʋ] within different segments. The entering tones in Jianyang dialect don't have
Sinological phonetic notation (444 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless nasal glottal approximant (260 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Badaga language (517 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Bilabial Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal Nasal m n ɳ ɲ ŋ Stop voiceless p t ʈ c k voiced b d ɖ ɟ ɡ Fricative s h Approximant ʋ l ɻ j Trill r
Labialization (1,067 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of the same phoneme as prelabialized sound, but rather as an allophone of /ʋ/ as it changes depending on the environment, e. g. vzeti 'take' [ˈʷz̪èːt̪í]
Voiced epiglottal tap (312 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Hindi (8,153 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
occurs as an allophone of [ʋ] when /व و/ is in an onglide position between an onset consonant and a following vowel while [ʋ], which may phonetically be
Gula Iro language (271 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
along with their orthography, are: The vowels are: a, e, i, o, u, ɛ, ɩ, ɔ, ʋ. Nasalization (only on a, e, o) and length are both contrastive, and diphthongs
Voiced velar implosive (321 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced dental non-sibilant affricate (355 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Marathi phonology (614 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ɡ murmured bʱ dʱ d͡zʱ~zʱ ɖʱ d͡ʑʱ~d͡ʒʱ ɡʱ Fricative s ʂ ɕ~ʃ h~ɦ Approximant plain ʋ l ɭ j murmured ʋʱ lʱ (jʱ) Flap/Trill plain ɾ~r (𝼈) murmured ɾʱ~rʱ
Tenuis palatal click (337 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Bilabial ejective stop (250 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced labiodental affricate (343 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Nasal bilabial click (296 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced alveolar lateral affricate (477 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Index of phonetics articles (1,196 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Labial-velar consonant Labial-velar nasal (ŋ͡m) Labiodental approximant (ʋ) Labiodental consonant Labiodental ejective fricative (fʼ) Labiodental flap
Alveolar lateral ejective affricate (222 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Sholaga language (206 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Palatal/ Pst.alv Velar Glottal Nasal m n̪ ɳ ŋ Plosive/ Affricate voiceless p t̪ ʈ t͡ʃ k voiced b d̪ ɖ d͡ʒ ɡ Fricative s h Approximant ʋ l ɭ j Rhotic ɾ⠀r ɽ
Voiceless epiglottal trill (371 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Natisone Valley dialect (1,746 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
t k voiced b d (ɡ) Affricate voiceless ts tʃ tɕ voiced (dʒ) Fricative voiceless f s ʃ x voiced z ʒ ɣ ~ ɦ Approximant central ʋ j lateral l (ʎ) Flap ɾ
Bhili language (289 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
script. Bhili has no official status in India. /w/ may also be heard as [ʋ] in free variation. /ʃ/ occurs in loanwords from Persian and Hindi. [ŋ] is
Luigi Novarini (457 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Luigi Novarini (Italian: [luˈiːdʒi nuˈ(ʋ)aːriːni]; 1594 – 14 January 1650) was an Italian theologian and scholar. Luigi Novarini was born at Verona in
Mandarin (late imperial lingua franca) (2,005 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
the voiced initials and the merger of [-m] finals with [-n]. The initials [ʋ-] and [r-] had become voiced fricatives [v-] and [ʐ-] respectively. [ʔ-] had
Molima language (86 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
result of borrowed words from Dobu, Motu or English. /v/ can be weakened as [ʋ] in all environments, in free variation. /i/, when preceding a vowel, may
Mid back unrounded vowel (429 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Dhatki language (623 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
bʱ d̪ʱ ɖʱ dʒʱ ɡʱ Implosive voiced ɓ ɗ ʄ ɠ Fricative voiceless f s ʂ1 ʃ x1 voiced z (ɣ)1,2 ɦ Flap plain ɾ ɽ1 voiced aspirated (ɽʱ)1 Approximant ʋ l ɭ j
Front vowel (605 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Aguaruna language (3,466 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
sometimes be lexical. There are three approximants included in the chart: [j], [w~ʋ], [ɰ]. They function as consonants within phonological processes, though they
Coronal–velar consonant (71 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced palatal affricate (405 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless velar lateral affricate (374 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless dental non-sibilant affricate (437 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced labiodental flap (816 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Bay Islands English (843 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
all environments, with possible realizations including [w], [v], [β], [ɥ], [ʋ], [b], and [ɞ]. Graham has judged [w̥] as the most common realization, and
Tenuis retroflex click (438 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Wogeo language (278 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Labial Coronal Palatal Velar Nasal m n ɲ ŋ Stop b t d k g Fricative f s Approximant ʋ l j Rhotic r
Mahajani (382 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
𑅤 tha [t̪ʰ] 𑅥 da [d̪] 𑅦 dha [d̪ʱ] 𑅧 na [n] 𑅨 pa [p] 𑅩 pha [pʰ] 𑅪 ba [b] 𑅫 bha [bʱ] 𑅬 ma [m] 𑅭 ra [r] 𑅮 la [l] 𑅯 va [ʋ] 𑅰 sa [s] 𑅱 ha [ɦ]
Voiced palatal implosive (414 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Phonetic Extensions Supplement (70 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
U+1D9x ᶐ ᶑ ᶒ ᶓ ᶔ ᶕ ᶖ ᶗ ᶘ ᶙ ᶚ ᶛ ᶜ ᶝ ᶞ ᶟ U+1DAx ᶠ ᶡ ᶢ ᶣ ᶤ ᶥ ᶦ ᶧ ᶨ ᶩ ᶪ ᶫ ᶬ ᶭ ᶮ ᶯ U+1DBx ᶰ ᶱ ᶲ ᶳ ᶴ ᶵ ᶶ ᶷ ᶸ ᶺ ᶻ ᶼ ᶽ ᶾ ᶿ Notes 1.^ As of Unicode version 15.1
Alveolar ejective fricative (368 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Nasal alveolar click (389 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless velar nasal (481 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Tenuis alveolar click (333 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Nasal palatal click (389 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Epiglottal plosive (343 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Nasal lateral click (390 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless alveolar lateral affricate (304 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Slovak phonology (2,282 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
obstruents; An approximant that varies between labiodental [ʋ] and labio-velar [w] in coda; Approximant [ʋ] in all other cases. /j/ is an approximant, either palatal
Nasal palatal click (389 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Comparison of ASCII encodings of the International Phonetic Alphabet (632 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ɮ l3") l$ lz \lz l> lF z<lat> Zl K\ Voiced alveolar lateral fricative 150 ʋ v" v> \vs v= vA r<lbd> V[ P or V\ Voiced labiodental approximant 151 ɹ r&
Voiceless alveolar tap and flap (317 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Gronings dialect (2,405 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
its native speakers, while linguists consider it part of Dutch Low Saxon. /ʋ/ occurring before and after rounded vowels is pronounced as a labio-velar
Voiced velar affricate (288 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Denti-alveolar consonant (248 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Anāl language (342 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Plosive/ Affricate voiceless p t tʃ k aspirated pʰ tʰ kʰ voiced b d dʒ Fricative s h Approximant voiced ʋ l voiceless l̥ Rhotic voiced r voiceless r̥
Hindko (5,578 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative /v/ for the Hindko of Kashmir, and Tanawal, but as the approximant /ʋ/ in Awankari. Apart from /m/ and /n/, Hindko dialects distinguish a varying
Samo language (Burkina) (178 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Maya Samo alphabet a b c d e ɛ f g h i ɩ j k l m n ɲ o ɔ p r s t u ʋ w y z
Voiced retroflex trill (346 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced labiodental flap (816 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless uvular trill (425 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Nasal labial–velar approximant (417 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless bilabial trill (503 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Hunterian transliteration (2,056 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
م m m m य ی j y y र ر r r r ल ل l l l व و v, ʋ, w v, w v In Marathi, [w], except [v] before [i]; [v], [ʋ], [w] allophony in Hindi श ش ʃ sh sh In Nepali
Labio-palatalization (284 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Romani alphabets (1,785 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
somnakáj gold Š š /ʃ/ šukár beautiful T t /t/ tató hot Th th /tʰ/ them land U u /u/ umál field V v /ʋ/ vurdón cart Z z /z/ zor power Ž ž /ʒ/ žója Thursday
Malayalam (13,754 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
retracted tongue root, particularly noticeable in geminates. /ʋ/ may be realized as [ʋ], [v], [w] or [β̞]. Around 75% of nk and 50% of ñc and nt from
Danish phonology (3,024 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
/v/ can be a voiced fricative [v], but is most often a voiced approximant [ʋ]. /ð/ – the so-called "soft d" (Danish: blødt d) – is a velarized laminal
List of consonants (2,136 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
[β̞] bilabial trill [ʙ] bilabial percussive [ʬ] labiodental approximant [ʋ] labiodental nasal [ɱ] (symphony) voiced labiodental fricative [v] (van) Voiced
Velar ejective stop (329 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Romanisation of Telugu (474 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ɡ ɡʱ ŋ tʃ tʃʰ dʒ dʒʱ ɲ ʈ ʈʰ ɖ ɖʱ ɳ t tʰ d dʱ n n̪ p pʰ b bʱ m j ɾ r l ɭ ɻ ʋ s ʂ s ɦ Telugu క ఖ గ ఘ ఙ చ ఛ జ ఝ ఞ ట ఠ డ ఢ ణ త థ ద ధ న   ప ఫ బ భ మ య ర ఱ ల
Voiceless labial–palatal fricative (431 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Hagfa Pinyim (194 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ca1 車 s ㄙ s se4 細 j ㄐ tɕ ji1 知 q ㄑ tɕʰ qi2 徐 x ㄒ ɕ xi4 四 l ㄌ l li1 鯉 m ㄇ m mi3 美 n ㄋ n nai2 泥 ng ㄫ ŋ ngiu2 牛 f ㄈ f fi1 飛 v ㄪ v/ʋ vun2 文 h ㄏ h heu4 後
International Phonetic Association (488 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced labial–velar nasal (522 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Chimane language (837 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
n ɲ Plosive voiceless p t tʲ k ʔ voiced b d dʲ aspirated pʰ kʰ Affricate plain t͡s t͡ʃ aspirated t͡sʰ t͡ʃʰ Fricative f s ʃ h Approximant ʋ j Trill r
Kota language (India) (418 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Retroflex Post-alv./ Palatal Velar Nasal m n̪ ɳ ŋ Stop voiceless p t̪ t ʈ t͡ʃ k voiced b d̪ d ɖ d͡ʒ ɡ Fricative s Tap ɾ ɽ Approx. central ʋ j lateral l ɭ
Central Bikol (1,622 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
consonants in the Bikol language: /m, n, ŋ, p, t, k, ʔ, b, d, ɡ, s, h, l, w~ʋ, ɾ, j~ʝ/. Eight sounds are borrowed from loanwords: /f, v, ɲ, tʃ, dʒ, ʃ, ʒ
Phu Thai language (1,073 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Palatal Velar Glottal plain lab. Plosive tenuis p t k kʷ ʔ aspirated pʰ tʰ kʰ kʷʰ voiced b d Affricate tɕ Nasal m n ɲ ŋ Fricative f s h Approximant ʋ l j w
Bangime language (2,660 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
[bún] 'finish', [támbà] ~ [táw̃à] ~ [támà] 'chew'. /b/ and /ɡ/ appear as [ʋ] and [ɣ], depending on the ATR status of the adjacent vowels. /s/ appears
Voiced uvular fricative (1,392 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
alternative sounds may be a uvular trill [ʀ] or a labiodental approximant [ʋ]. See Italian phonology. Kabardian бгъэ / bğa / بغە [bʁa] 'eagle' Kabyle ⴱⴻⵖ
Ava Guarani language (283 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
variation. /w/ can be heard in free variation between labiodental sounds [ʋ] or [v] among speakers of different areas. Sonorant sounds /w, ɾ, j/ within
Mauwake language (878 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
word-initial consonant, /i/ and /u/ are realised as the open allophones [ɪ] and [ʋ] respectively. All vowels are contrastive in word-initial, medial and final
Nasal dental click (444 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Labial–velar consonant (848 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Ingush language (811 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
voiceless f ⟨ф, f⟩ s ⟨с, s⟩ ʃ ⟨ш, sh⟩ χ ⟨х, x⟩ ʜ ⟨хь, hw⟩ h ⟨хӏ, h⟩ voiced ʋ ⟨в, v⟩ z ⟨з, z⟩ ʒ ⟨ж, zh⟩ ʁ ⟨гӏ, gh⟩ Approximant l ⟨л, l⟩ j ⟨й, j⟩ Trill voiceless
Linguolabial consonant (555 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Užican dialect (2,121 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
on. Sounds /f/ and /x/ have been either lost or replaced with sounds /p/, /ʋ/, /j/, /k/, /ɡ/ or /s/: ljeb for hljeb, njig for njih, kava for kafa, oras
Voiced alveolar implosive (490 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Chemnitz dialect (708 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Vorerzgebirgisch, a variant of Upper Saxon German. /m, p/ are bilabial, whereas /f, ʋ/ are labiodental. /n, t, l, s/ are dental [n̪, t̪, l̪, s̪]. /t/ is alveolar
SAMPA (567 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Bonan language (733 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ᵑk, ᵑɡ/. /ɹ/ may also be heard as retroflex [ɻ]. /w/ may also be heard as [ʋ]. Bonan, like other Mongolic languages, is agglutinative. There are five case
Journal of the International Phonetic Association (394 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Dental fricative (108 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Indo-European sound laws (1,234 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
[j] gj [ɟ]; ∅ ∅ y [j] z [zd] > [z] / h; ∅ ?i i [j]; ∅ ∅ j y *w v [ʋ] v [w] v v [ʋ] v g / w w w > h / ∅ i u [w > v] f -∅- w PIE Skr. Av. O.C.S. Lith.
Voiced labial–velar plosive (597 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Tarafım (108 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
r⁽ʲ⁾im | bu.d͡ʒɑːm ‖] [rʲe.frʲen] [gɑ.gɑ̝.u.z⁽ʲ⁾i.jɑ̽ xoʃ.ɫuːm |] [t͡ʃok s⁽ʲ⁾e.ʋ⁽ʲ⁾in | ko.rʊ dost.ɫuːn |] [bɑ̽j.rɑː.nɯ̽ (j)yː.s⁽ʲ⁾ek⁽ʲ⁾ kɑɫ.dɯ̈r |] [s⁽ʲ⁾æm
National anthem of Ukraine (3,208 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ko.ˈzɑt͡sʲ.ko.ɦo ˈrɔ.dʊ ‖] 2 [ˈstɑ.nem ˈbrɑt.tʲɐ | u̯‿b⁽ʲ⁾ij krɪ.ˈʋɑ.ʋɪj | ʋ⁽ʲ⁾id ˈsʲɑ.nʊ dɔ ˈdɔ.nʊ] [ˈu̯‿r⁽ʲ⁾id⁽ʲ⁾.n⁽ʲ⁾im ˈkrɑ.jʊ pɐ.nʊ.ˈʋɑ.tɪ nɛ dɐ.ˈmɔ
Nihali language (931 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Plosive/ Affricate voiceless p t ʈ tʃ k aspirated pʰ tʰ ʈʰ tʃʰ kʰ voiced b d ɖ dʒ ɡ breathy bʱ dʱ ɖʱ dʒʱ ɡʱ Fricative s ʂ ʃ h Rhotic r ɽ Approximant ʋ l j
Tarafım (108 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
r⁽ʲ⁾im | bu.d͡ʒɑːm ‖] [rʲe.frʲen] [gɑ.gɑ̝.u.z⁽ʲ⁾i.jɑ̽ xoʃ.ɫuːm |] [t͡ʃok s⁽ʲ⁾e.ʋ⁽ʲ⁾in | ko.rʊ dost.ɫuːn |] [bɑ̽j.rɑː.nɯ̽ (j)yː.s⁽ʲ⁾ek⁽ʲ⁾ kɑɫ.dɯ̈r |] [s⁽ʲ⁾æm
National anthem of Ukraine (3,208 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ko.ˈzɑt͡sʲ.ko.ɦo ˈrɔ.dʊ ‖] 2 [ˈstɑ.nem ˈbrɑt.tʲɐ | u̯‿b⁽ʲ⁾ij krɪ.ˈʋɑ.ʋɪj | ʋ⁽ʲ⁾id ˈsʲɑ.nʊ dɔ ˈdɔ.nʊ] [ˈu̯‿r⁽ʲ⁾id⁽ʲ⁾.n⁽ʲ⁾im ˈkrɑ.jʊ pɐ.nʊ.ˈʋɑ.tɪ nɛ dɐ.ˈmɔ
Voiced uvular tap and flap (564 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Bazigar language (637 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Affricate tenuis p t̪ ʈ t͡ʃ k q aspirated pʰ tʰ ʈʰ t͡ʃʰ kʰ voiced b d̪ ɖ d͡ʒ ɡ Fricative voiceless f s ʃ ç x voiced z ɣ Rhotic ɾ~r ɽ Approximant ʋ l ɭ j
Voiced bilabial flap (536 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Romanization of Khmer (847 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ម ្ម [m] Ma Mo m យ ្យ [j] Ya Yo y រ ្រ [r] Ra Ro r ល ្ល [l] La Lo l វ ្វ [ʋ] Va Vo v ឝ ្ឝ [s] Śa sha ś ឞ ្ឞ [s] Ṣa Sha ṣ ស ្ស [s] Sa Sa s ហ ្ហ [h] Ha
Maithili language (4,001 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
alveolar tap [ɾ] sound, and is often interchanged with /r/. Approximant sounds [ʋ, w, j] and fricative sounds [ɸ, f, z, ɕ, ʑ, ʂ, x], mainly occur in words that
Upsilon (1,012 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
See Lancia Ypsilon. In the International Phonetic Alphabet, the symbol ⟨ʋ⟩ is used to represent a labiodental approximant. In astrophysics and physical
Khmer language (8,572 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
educated speech, where they become [b, d]. In syllable-final position, /h/ and /ʋ/ approach [ç] and [w] respectively. The stops /p/, /t/, /c/, /k/ are unaspirated
Finnish language (9,385 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
consonant cluster and hence not subject to consonant gradation). [ɣ] became: [ʋ] if it appeared originally between high round vowels [u] and [y] (cf. suku
Nasal palatal approximant (600 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Trill consonant (1,145 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced bilabial implosive (572 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Choctaw language (4,134 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
vowels occur more often in closed syllables. In traditional orthography, ʋ usually indicates [ə] and u usually indicates [ʊ]. Exceptions include pokoli
Phonological history of English consonants (3,323 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
often pronounced like /w/, sounded as [w] or as a labiodental approximant [ʋ]. Some Indian speakers make various changes in the pronunciation of other
Alveolar consonant (568 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voice Quality Symbols (917 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Meixian dialect (712 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
⟨k(i)⟩* /kʰ/ ⟨k⟩ Affricate tenuis /ts/ ⟨z⟩ aspirated /tsʰ/ ⟨c⟩ Fricative /f/ ⟨f⟩ /s/ ⟨s⟩ [ç] ⟨h(i)⟩* /h/ ⟨h⟩ Approximant /ʋ/ ⟨v⟩ /l/ ⟨l⟩ /j/ ⟨y⟩    
Voiced bilabial trill (613 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Slovak language (5,147 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
[r] Ŕ ŕ [r̩ː] S s [s] Š š [ʂ] T t [t] Ť ť [c] U u [u] Ú ú [uː] V v [v~ʋ] W w [v~ʋ] X x [ks] Y y [i] Ý ý [iː] Z z [z] Ž ž [ʐ] Italic Letters are used in
Voiced retroflex approximant (504 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Kinematic similarity (442 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
coronary artery with kinematic similarity. Reynolds Number, Re = ρvl/μ = vl/ʋ Where, ρ = Density of the fluid (SI units: kg/m3) v = Velocity of the fluid
Voiceless bilabial fricative (461 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Tetelcingo Nahuatl (507 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
t ⟨t⟩ k ⟨c ~ qu⟩ kʷ ⟨cu⟩ Affricate ts ⟨tz⟩ tɬ ⟨tl⟩ tʃ ⟨ch⟩ Fricative w ~ ʋ ~ β ~ v ~ ɸ ~ w̥ ⟨hu/u/b/f⟩ s ⟨s⟩ ʃ ⟨x⟩ h ~ χ ⟨j⟩ Approximant ɾ ⟨r⟩ l ~ ɬ
Voiceless bilabial nasal (769 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Palato-alveolar consonant (406 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Swiss German (7,773 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
are pronounced as a [w] or [wː] respectively. A labiodental approximant [ʋ] is used instead of the Northern Standard German fricative [v] as the reflex
Voiceless labial–velar plosive (731 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless palatal nasal (543 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless palatal affricate (583 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Eastern Armenian (1,368 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
յ) voiced   v   (վ, ւ, ու, ո) z   (զ) ʒ   (ժ)     ʁ   (ղ)   Approximant   ⟨ʋ⟩ ɻ~ɾ   (ր)   j   (յ, ե, ի, է)       Tap               Trill     r   (ռ)  
Ka (Devanagari) (668 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
another क. क + ल(l̪) gives us क्ल kl̪ with the क placed above the ल. क + व(ʋ) gives us क्व kʋ with the क placed above the व. क + न(n̪) gives us क्न kn̪
Fricative (1,844 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless uvular affricate (407 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Faroese orthography (537 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
/pʰ/ >pp /pː/ [ʰpː] R, r /ɹ/ [ɹ], [ɻ] S, s /s/, /ʃ/ >sj /ʃ/ >sk /sk/, /ʃ/ >skj /ʃ/ >stj /ʃ/ T, t /tʰ/ >tj /tʃʰ/ >tt /tː/ [ʰtː] V, v /v/ [v], [ʋ], [f]
Near-close vowel (833 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Implosive consonant (1,692 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Gupta script (1,094 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ḍha /ɖʱ/ ṇa /ɳ/ ra /r/ ṣa /ʂ/ Dental ta /t̪/ tha /t̪ʰ/ da /d̪/ dha /d̪ʱ/ na /n/ la /l/ sa /s/ Labial pa /p/ pha /pʰ/ ba /b/ bha /bʱ/ ma /m/ va /w, ʋ/
Dutch language (18,942 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
[ɹ]. The realisation of /ʋ/ also varies somewhat by area and speaker. The main realisation is a labiodental approximant [ʋ], but some speakers, particularly
Ume Sámi (676 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Malå, Malmesjaure and Mausjaure (typically agreeing with Pite Sami). [f, ʋ] and [θ] are allophones of /v/ and /ð/, respectively. When a /h/ sound occurs
Voiceless pharyngeal fricative (592 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Even language (648 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal Nasal m n ɲ ŋ Plosive/ Affricate voiceless p t t͡ʃ k ~ (q) voiced b d d͡ʒ g ~ (ɣ) Fricative s h Rhotic r Approximant ʋ ~ w l j
Zurich German (1,571 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
'thick' (infl.). The reflex of the Middle High German /w/ is an approximant /ʋ/ and not a voiced fricative /v/, unlike in Northern Standard German. The voiced
Voiced dental and alveolar lateral flaps (571 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voice (phonetics) (1,376 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Mampruli language (707 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Palatal Velar Labial-velar Nasal m n ɲ ŋ ŋ͡m Plosive Voiceless p t k k͡p Voiced b d ɡ ɡ͡b Fricative Voiceless f s Voiced v z Lateral l Approximant ʋ r j
Voiced retroflex plosive (439 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Pa-Hng language (1,323 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
prenasal ᵐp ᵐpʲ ⁿt ᶮtɕ ᵑk ᶰq prn. breathy ᵐpʱ ᵐpʲʱ ⁿtʱ ᶮtɕʱ ᵑkʱ ᶰqʱ Fricative f s ɕ x h Approximant voiceless l̥ l̥ʲ voiced ʋ l lʲ j w breathy ʋʱ lʱ lʱʲ jʱ
Velar stop (120 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless labiodental affricate (563 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Velar consonant (1,092 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Uvular ejective stop (452 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless velar affricate (582 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Open front rounded vowel (556 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Tongue shape (489 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Thaana (1,494 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
lhaviyani ޅ ḷ IPA: [ɭ] kaafu ކ k IPA: [k] alifu އ   IPA: [ʔ] vaavu ވ v IPA: [ʋ] Derived from Dhives akuru digits 1-9 meemu މ m IPA: [m] faafu ފ f IPA: [f]
Voiced retroflex lateral approximant (489 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Miju language (386 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
aspirated pʰ tʰ kʰ voiced b d ɡ Affricate plain ts tʃ aspirated tʃʰ voiced dz dʒ Fricative plain f s ʃ h voiced v z ɦ Approximant ʋ j w Lateral l ɭ Flap ɾ ɽ
Voiced retroflex lateral flap (798 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Edoid languages (562 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
nasals, /m, n, ɲ/, and has five oral consonants with nasal allophones, /ɺ, l, ʋ, j, w/; in Edo this is reduced to one phonemic nasal, /m/, but eight additional
Finnish Kalo language (492 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Velar Glottal Nasal m n Plosive/ Affricate voiceless p t t̠ʃ k voiceless aspirated pʰ tʰ kʰ voiced b d d̠ʒ ɡ Fricative f s x h Approximant ʋ l j Trill r
Resian dialect (3,496 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Plosive voiceless p t c k voiced b d ɟ ɡ Affricate voiceless ts tʃ voiced (dz) dʒ Fricative voiceless f s ʃ x voiced z ʒ Approximant ʋ l j w Trill r
Postalveolar consonant (1,910 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless retroflex affricate (675 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless alveolar nasal (647 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced retroflex nasal (644 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Tektitek language (770 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
⟨tʼ⟩ t͡sʼ ⟨tzʼ⟩ t͡ɕʼ ⟨chʼ⟩ ʈ͡ʂʼ ⟨txʼ⟩ kʼ ⟨kʼ⟩ kʼʲ ⟨kyʼ⟩ ʛ ⟨qʼ⟩ Fricative v ⟨w⟩ s ⟨s⟩ ɕ ⟨xh⟩ ʂ ⟨x⟩ χ ⟨j⟩ Flap ɾ ⟨r⟩ Approximant ʋ ⟨w⟩ l ~ ɺ ⟨l⟩ j ⟨y⟩
Middle Low German (4,986 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
manuscripts, e.g. auer is aver (but). /w/ was originally an approximant [w~ʋ] but seems to have later shifted towards a fricative. Its exact articulation
Voiceless palatal lateral fricative (696 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Copula (linguistics) (7,700 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
no independent phonetic structure, it is represented by the Greek letter ʋ in the examples used in this entry. Accordingly, unlike in most other Aymaran
Gurmukhi (5,605 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
palatals respectively. The pronunciation of ਵ can vary allophonically between [[ʋ] ~ [β]] preceding front vowels, and [[w]] elsewhere. The most characteristic
List of Cyrillic letters (703 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
/æ/ /ɐ/   Ә ә   /ɤ~ʌ/   Ӛ ӛ   /ɘ/   Ӕ ӕ   /ɐ/   Б б /b/ /β, b/ /b/ В в /v/ /ʋ~w/ /v/ Г г /ɡ/ /ɣ/ /ɦ/ /ɡ/ /ɣ, ɡ/ /ɡ/ /ɣ, ɡ/ /ɡ/ /ɣ/ /ɡ/ Ґ ґ   /ɡ/   Ғ ғ  
Ndrumbea language (608 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
oral vowels. The fricatives /v, ɣ/ are sometimes realized as approximants [ʋ, ɰ]. However, the approximants /w, j/ are never fricated. The nasal stop /n̠/
Zou language (1,269 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
n - [n] ng - [ŋ] p - [p] ph - [pʰ] r - [r] s - [s] t - [t] th - [tʰ] v - [ʋ] z - [z] The Zo verbs can be classified into three types: Stem (1), Stem (2)
Shahmukhi (1,341 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ݨـ ݨ (نٌ) 35 نون غنّہ nūn ġunnah /◌̃, ŋ/ ـں ـن٘ـ ن٘ـ ں (ن٘) 36 واؤ vāʼo /ʋ, uː, ʊ, oː, ɔː/ ـو ـو و و 37 نکی ہے گول ہے nikkī hē gol hē /ɦ, ɑː, e:/ ـہ
Manner of articulation (1,720 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless retroflex plosive (637 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Tagdal language (485 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Iberogan sometimes refer to their language as Tagdal. /w/ may be heard as [ʋ] in the Tarbun dialect. Each of the vowels /i, e, ə, a, o, u/ tend to fluctuate
Sui language (1,828 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ˀb ˀd (ˀɡ) Affricates tenuis ts aspirated tsʰ Fricatives voiceless f ~ ɸ s ɕ x h voiced z (ʑ) Approximants voiced ʋ ~ w l j ɣ ʁ glottalized ˀj ˀɣ ˀw
Lio language (93 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
b d ɡ prenasalized ᵐb ⟨mb⟩ ⁿd ⟨nd⟩ ᵑɡ ⟨ngg⟩ implosive ɓ ⟨bh⟩ ɗ ⟨dh⟩ Affricate d͡ʒ ⟨j⟩ Fricative f s ɣ (h) Trill r Lateral l Approximant ʋ ⟨w⟩ ɰ ⟨gh⟩
Voiced retroflex affricate (649 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced pharyngeal fricative (651 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Dental and alveolar ejective stops (585 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Pamona language (207 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
voiceless p t k ʔ voiced b d ɟ g Prenasalized plosive voiceless ᵐp ⁿt ᶮc ᵑk voiced ᵐb ⁿd ᶮɟ ᵑg Fricative s h Nasal m n ɲ ŋ Trill r Approximant ʋ l j
Alveolo-palatal consonant (991 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Segment (linguistics) (506 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Bru language (946 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
/w/ is typically pronounced as labiodental fricative [v] or approximant [ʋ] when occurring in initial position. In final position, it is always heard
Khudabadi script (999 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cʰ ɟ ʄ ɟʱ ɲ 𑋆 𑋇 𑋈 𑋉 𑋋 𑋊 𑋌 ʈ ʈʰ ɖ ɗ ɖʱ ɽ ɳ 𑋍 𑋎 𑋏 𑋐 𑋑 t tʰ d dʱ n 𑋒 𑋓 𑋓𑋩 𑋔 𑋕 𑋖 𑋗 p pʰ f b ɓ bʱ m 𑋘 𑋙 𑋚 𑋛 j r l ʋ 𑋜 𑋝 𑋞 ʂ s h
Kannada (8,581 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
eː/ may be preceded by /j/ and the vowels /u uː o oː/ may be preceded by /ʋ/ when they are in an initial position. The short vowels /a i u e o/, when
Retroflex consonant (1,856 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Lateral click (768 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced dental and alveolar lateral fricatives (945 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced uvular plosive (680 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced retroflex fricative (843 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Uvular consonant (1,361 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced retroflex fricative (843 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless alveolar trill (789 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Koro language (India) (1,904 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
research and past research. In Geissler’s work (2013), the articulation of /ʋ/ exists and can sound similar to /v/ or /w/ depending on the speaker. There
Punjabi language (8,928 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
letter ਯ (yayyā ਯੱਯਾ) This never occurs with /ɳ/ and /ɽ/, and is rare before /ʋ, ɾ, ɦ/ bindī/ṭippī or nūn ġunna before a consonant often causes it to be pre-nasalised
Close-mid back unrounded vowel (763 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Nasal consonant (2,441 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Hanifi Rohingya script (575 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
m م /m/ U+10D14 𐴕 န NA 𐴕 ـ𐴕ـ n ن /n/ U+10D15 𐴖 ဝ WA 𐴖𐴢 ـ𐴖ـ v ‌ و /ʋ/, /v/ U+10D16 𐴗 ဥ KINNA WA 𐴗𐴢 ـ𐴗ـ u ‌ و /u̯/ (for cluster or diphthong)
Brahui language (1,618 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ģ /ɣ/ ف f /f/ ق (k) /k/ ک k /k/ گ g /ɡ/ ل l /l/ ڷ ļ /ɬ/ م m /m/ ن n /n/ ں ń /ɳ/ و v, o, ú /w~ʋ/, /o/, /u/ ہ h /h/ ھ (h) /h/ ی y, í /j/, /iː/ ے e /eː/
Voiced alveolo-palatal fricative (852 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Open-mid central rounded vowel (749 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Paiwan language (1,648 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ʔ ⟨ʼ⟩ voiced b d ɖ ⟨dr⟩ ɟ ⟨dj⟩ ɡ Affricate ts ~ tʃ ⟨c⟩ Fricative voiceless s (h) voiced v z Rhotic r ~ ɣ ⟨r⟩ Approximant ʋ ⟨w⟩ ɭ ⟨l⟩ ʎ ⟨lj, ɬ⟩ j ⟨y⟩
Voiced alveolar and postalveolar approximants (1,090 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Kaithi (847 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Letter Trans. IPA Letter Trans. IPA Letter Trans. IPA Sonorants 𑂨 y /j/ 𑂩 r /r/ 𑂪 l /l/ 𑂫 v /ʋ/ Sibilants 𑂬 ś /ɕ/ 𑂭 ṣ /ʂ/ 𑂮 s /s/ Other 𑂯 h /h/
Livvi-Karelian language (758 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
p t tʲ k voiced b d dʲ ɡ Affricate voiceless t͡s t͡ʃ voiced d͡ʒ Fricative voiceless (f) s ʃ (x) h voiced z ʒ Nasal m n (ŋ) Approximant ʋ l j Rhotic r
Otoro language (4,529 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in the table exhibit peculiarities. For instance, the bilabial fricative 'ʋ' is absent in the Kwijur variety and appears merely as a variant of 'm' or
Velopharyngeal consonant (393 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Bavarian language (2,198 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
may also be realised as a flap [ɾ]. Intervocalic /v/ can be realised as [ʋ] or [β, w]. Some dialects, such as the Bavarian dialect in South Tyrol, realise
Luang language (255 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
variation. /m, n/ can be heard as [ŋ] when preceding /k/. /w/ can be heard as [ʋ] when preceding a consonant. It can be heard as [v] when between two high
Indo-European languages (10,224 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
-Ø- i [j]; -Ø- Ø j y *yugóm yoke yugám zugón iugum jùngas yugh *u̯ v [ʋ] v v [ʋ] w > h / Ø u [w > v] f; -Ø- w *h₂weh₁n̥to- wind vā́taḥ áenta ventus vėtra
Ejective-contour click (843 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Close back unrounded vowel (978 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Tap and flap consonants (1,638 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced retroflex flap (844 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced alveolo-palatal affricate (795 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Open-mid central unrounded vowel (1,065 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Open central unrounded vowel (1,675 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced bilabial plosive (760 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Lateral consonant (1,769 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Kohati (622 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(ŋ) Plosive p   pʰ b   bʱ t   tʰ d   dʱ ʈ   ʈʰ ɖ   ɖʱ c   cʰ ɟ   ɟʱ k   kʰ ɡ   ɡʱ Fricative f s   z ɕ x   (ɣ) ɦ Rhotic r ɽ Lateral l Approximant ʋ j
Rutul language (1,007 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
o ɑˤ АӀ аӀ AӀ aӀ p П п P p æ Аь аь Ə ə p' ПӀ пӀ P' p' b Б б B b r Р р R r ʋ В в V v s С с S s g Г г G g t Т т T t h Гь гь H h t' ТӀ тӀ T' t' ʁ Гъ гъ Ğ
Lombard language (2,684 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
voiceless p t k voiced b d ɡ Affricate voiceless t͡s t͡ʃ voiced d͡z d͡ʒ Fricative voiceless f s ʃ voiced z ʒ Approximant central ʋ j w lateral l (ʎ) Trill r
Rime table (3,123 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
[pf] and [pfʰ]. An unusual initial; shows up today as either [w], [v] (or [ʋ]), or [m]. Two series of retroflex and palatal sibilants were distinguished
Bilabial stop (157 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Close-mid central unrounded vowel (1,125 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Nasal release (490 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Pharyngeal consonant (1,530 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Palatal lateral ejective affricate (304 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Open back rounded vowel (1,350 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Near-open front unrounded vowel (1,314 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Open front unrounded vowel (1,616 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Telugu language (11,579 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
languages. Intervocalically /d͡z/ can become [z] e.g. [rɐːzu, d͡zoːli, ɡudd͡zu]. /ʋ/ can be rounded to a [β̞ʷ] around rounded vowels. The common Proto Dravidian
Open-mid back unrounded vowel (1,266 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Saurashtra language (1,649 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
t͡ʃʰ kʰ voiced b d̪ d͡z ɖ d͡ʒ ɡ murmured bʱ d̪ʱ d͡zʱ ɖʱ d͡ʒʱ ɡʱ Fricative s ʃ h Approximant plain ʋ l ɭ j murmured ʋʱ lʱ Flap/Trill plain r murmured rʱ
Domari language (1,540 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
q ʔ voiced b d̪ d̪ˤ d͡ʒ ɡ (ɢ) Fricative voiceless (ɸ) f s̪ s̪ˤ ʃ x (χ) ħ h voiced (β) v z̪ z̪ˤ ʒ ɣ (ʁ) ʕ Nasal m n̪ (ŋ) Approximant (ʋ) l̪ j w Flap ɾ
Kusaal language (1,623 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
long nasal vowels; nasalization collapses the contrast between i~ɩ, e~ɛ, u~ʋ and o~ɔ. All may be glottalised (or 'broken' with a glottal stop) [V₁ʔV₁]
Dental stop (263 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Proto-Kra–Dai language (1,116 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
p-Kra-Dai p-Lakkja p-Kam-Sui p-Ong-Be p-Tai p-Hlai *C-b *w̥ *C-b *ʔb *C-b *ʋ *C-d *l̥ *C-ʔɖ *r̥ *C-d *ɾ *C-ɖ *j̊ (< *r̥) *C-ʔɖ *r *C-ɖ *ɾ *C-ɟ *l̥ *ʔj
Sanskrit (32,128 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
or ɽ ṣ s̠ s̠ ʂ t t̪ t̪ th t̪ʰ t̪ʰ d d̪ d̪ dh d̪ʱ d̪ʱ n n̪ n̪ l l l l̪ s s s s̪ p p p ph pʰ pʰ b b b bh bʱ bʱ m m m v ʋ ʋ ʋ stress (ante)pen- ultimate
Close front unrounded vowel (1,576 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Close-mid front unrounded vowel (1,436 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Classical Guarani (1,054 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Alveolo-palatal Velar Glottal plain lab. Stop Voiceless p t~ⁿt k kʷ ʔ Voiced ᵐb~m ⁿd~n ᵈj~ɲ ᵑɡ~ŋ ᵑɡʷ~ŋʷ Fricative s ɕ~ʃ x ~ h Approximant ʋ ɰ ~ ɰ̃ w ~ w̃ Flap ɾ
Russenorsk (1,607 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Consonants in Norwegian Russenorsk Labial Dental/ Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal Velar Nasal m n Stop p b t d k ɡ Fricative f s ʂ ç Approximant ʋ l j Flap ɾ
Dogri language (1,945 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Affricate voiceless p t̪ ʈ t͡ʃ k aspirated pʰ t̪ʰ ʈʰ t͡ʃʰ kʰ voiced b d̪ ɖ d͡ʒ ɡ Fricative voiceless (f) s ʃ (x) voiced (z) (ɣ) ɦ Tap ɾ ɽ Approximant ʋ l j
Ejective consonant (2,725 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Table of vowels (69 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Kven language (1,467 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Palatal Velar Glottal Nasal m n ŋ Plosive voiceless p t k voiced (b) (d) (ɡ) Fricative voiceless f s (ʃ ⟨š⟩) h voiced ð ⟨đ⟩ Trill r Approximant ʋ ⟨v⟩ l j
Place of articulation (2,198 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
West Frisian phonology (2,041 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
/p/ are realized [k], [t], [p]. /v/ has two allophones: an approximant [ʋ], which appears word-initially, and a fricative [v], which occurs elsewhere
Labial approximant (117 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Phonetic Alphabet Labiodental approximant, a consonant sound written as ⟨ʋ⟩ in the International Phonetic Alphabet Labialized palatal approximant, a
Uralic Phonetic Alphabet (1,026 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative (IPA [ʝ]), v may stand for both the labiodental approximant (IPA [ʋ]) or the voiced labiodental fricative (IPA [v]), β may stand for the bilabial
Danish language (10,267 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
a [w] in syllable coda, so e.g. /ɡraːvə/ (grave) is pronounced [kʁɑːwə]. [ʋ, ð] often have slight frication, but are usually pronounced as approximants
Voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative (1,314 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Kannauji language (1,530 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
b d̪ ɖ dʒ ɡ voiced aspirated bʱ d̪ʱ ɖʱ dʒʱ ɡʱ Fricative voiceless (f) s (ʃ) voiced (v) (z) ɦ Flap plain ɾ (ɽ) voiced aspirated (ɽʱ) Approximant ʋ l j
Serbian Cyrillic alphabet (2,207 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Cyrillic Latin IPA value А а A a /ä/ Б б B b /b/ В в V v /ʋ/ Г г G g /ɡ/ Д д D d /d/ Ђ ђ Đ đ /dʑ/ Е е E e /e̞/ Ж ж Ž ž /ʐ/ З з Z z /z/ И и I i /i/ Ј ј
Tuvan language (2,519 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Alveolar Palatal Velar Nasal m n ŋ Plosive lenis p t ɡ fortis pʰ tʰ k Affricate t͡s t͡ʃ Fricative voiceless f s ʃ x voiced z ʒ Approximant ʋ l j Flap ɾ
Slovak orthography (1,491 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
  ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄  Ú ú dlhé ú [ˈdl̩ɦeː ˈuː] [uː]   ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄  V v vé [ʋeː] [ʋ], [w], [v], [f]   ▄ ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄  W w dvojité vé [ˈdʋɔjiteː ˈʋeː]   ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ 
Voiced uvular nasal (923 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless retroflex fricative (1,249 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Rapa language (1,908 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
this phoneme is articulated more like that of the labiodental approximant [ʋ]. The usage of the labiodental fricative is almost always used by the newer
Voiceless bilabial plosive (1,009 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
The Hague dialect (1,430 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
primarily by length for some speakers. /m, p, b/ are bilabial, whereas /f, v, ʋ/ are labiodental. As in Standard Dutch, the speakers of The Hague dialect
Relative articulation (2,061 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Pite Sámi (1,638 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
syllable. R r [r] S s [s] T t [t], [ʰt], [tʰ] Postaspirated at the beginning of a stressed syllable. Ŧ ŧ [θ] U u [ʊ], [ʊː] V v [ʋ] Å å [ɒ̝], [ɒ̝ː] Ä ä [æː]
Pali (10,545 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
were shortened: akārsit -> akāsi 'he did'. Among the labial consonants, [ʋ] is labiodental and the rest are bilabial. Among the dental/alveolar consonants
Lao language (7,605 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Isan, as most Isan speakers regardless of speech variety are prone to using /ʋ/ as opposed to /w/ and the informal conversion of syllable-initial /k/ to
Voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate (912 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Open-mid front unrounded vowel (1,650 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced glottal fricative (1,007 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Consonant gradation (4,584 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
were similarly assimilated to geminate liquids /ll/, /rr/. *β merged with *ʋ (v). This may have been lost later. For example, the 3rd person singular suffix
Velar lateral ejective affricate (385 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Old Saxon phonology (1,640 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of Old Saxon, have both variants, realizing Old Saxon /v/ variably as [v, ʋ, β, w]; /f/ on the other hand is invariably [f]. /n, t, d, θ, l/ could have
R-colored vowel (1,592 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Palula language (1,551 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
/w/ can be realized as either bilabially ⟨β̞⟩, or similar to a labiodental ⟨ʋ⟩, as is the case with Urdu. Like many Dardic languages, Palula shows either
Affricate (2,394 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced palatal fricative (1,241 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Central and Northern Ostrobothnian dialects (723 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
not pronounced - lehdet (leaves) is pronounced lehet. In some occasions, a /ʋ/, /j/ or /h/ may be inserted in its place, such as syvän, meijät and saaha
Slovene national phonetic transcription (862 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
n̪ ᵗ t̪ˡ n’ n̪ʲ d d̪ ŋ ŋ D d̪ⁿ l l ᵈ d̪ˡ l’ lʲ k k r ɾ / r g g j j č t͡ʃ v ʋ dž d͡ʒ v s s w w z z ʍ ʍ š ʃ p p ž ʒ P pⁿ c t͡s ᴘ p̪ dz d͡z b b f f ʙ b̪ h
Marwari language (1,208 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
initially and it formed due to the influence of neighbouring languages. /w/ is [ʋ] before front vowels and [w] elsewhere e.g. [ʋɪwwa] 'marriage'. Marwari languages
Voiced palatal plosive (1,082 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Roman Urdu (1,713 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
g /ɡ/ ل ل lām l /l/ م م mīm m /m/ ن ن nūn n /n/ و و vā'o v/w, o, au or ū /ʋ/, /oː/, /ɔ/ or /uː/ ہ, ﮩ, ﮨ ہ choṭī he h /h/ ھ ھ do chashmī he h /ʰ/ ء ء hamza
Close-mid central rounded vowel (1,643 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiceless velar plosive (943 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced labial–palatal approximant (1,229 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Voiced velar approximant (1,596 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fricative ɸ β f v θ̼ ð̼ θ ð θ̠ ð̠ ɹ̠̊˔ ɹ̠˔ ɻ̊˔ ɻ˔ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ ʔ̞ Tap/flap ⱱ̟ ⱱ ɾ̼ ɾ̥ ɾ ɽ̊ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̆ Trill ʙ̥ ʙ r̥ r ɽ̊r̥ ɽr ʀ̥ ʀ ʜ
Brahmi script (15,032 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ta /t̪/ 𑀣 tha /t̪ʰ/ 𑀤 da /d̪/ 𑀥 dha /d̪ʱ/ 𑀦 na /n/ 𑀮 la /l/ 𑀲 sa /s/ Labial 𑀧 pa /p/ 𑀨 pha /pʰ/ 𑀩 ba /b/ 𑀪 bha /bʱ/ 𑀫 ma /m/ 𑀯 va /w, ʋ/
Chuvash language (7,344 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ă/ò a' Б б бӑ /b/ b b b b b b b b only in loanwords from Russian В в вӑ /ʋ/~/w/, /v/ (in non-Chuvash loanwords) v v v v v v v w Г г гӑ /ɡ/ g g g g g
Kodava language (1,488 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal Nasal m n̪ ɳ ɲ ŋ Plosive voiceless p t̪ ʈ c k voiced b d̪ ɖ ɟ g Fricative s ʂ ʃ h Approximant ʋ l ɭ j Trill r
Hindustani language (9,933 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ज ज़ झ झ़ ञ t͡ʃ t͡ʃʰ d͡ʒ z d͡ʒʱ ʒ ɲ ट ठ ड ड़ ढ ढ़ ण ʈ ʈʰ ɖ ɽ ɖʱ ɽʱ ɳ त थ द ध न t tʰ d dʱ n प फ फ़ ब भ म p pʰ f b bʱ m य र ल व श ष स ह j ɾ l ʋ ʃ ʂ s ɦ
Historical Chinese phonology (6,480 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(/p, pʰ, b, m/) become Late Middle Chinese (LMC) labiodentals (/f, f, bv, ʋ/, possibly from earlier affricates) in certain circumstances involving a following