patient HM

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pages: 230 words: 61,702

The Internet of Us: Knowing More and Understanding Less in the Age of Big Data by Michael P. Lynch

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Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Amazon Mechanical Turk, big data - Walmart - Pop Tarts, bitcoin, Cass Sunstein, Claude Shannon: information theory, crowdsourcing, Edward Snowden, Firefox, Google Glasses, hive mind, income inequality, Internet of things, John von Neumann, meta analysis, meta-analysis, Nate Silver, new economy, patient HM, prediction markets, RFID, sharing economy, Steve Jobs, Steven Levy, the scientific method, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thomas Kuhn: the structure of scientific revolutions, WikiLeaks

And the philosopher Hubert Dreyfus has influentially argued that knowing how to do something—like ride a bike—can’t simply be understood as grasping a set of rules or directions. At bottom it involves a type of discernment or acuity that can’t be discursively codified.16 The idea that there is a sharp difference between knowing how and knowing facts seems to have some empirical support as well. Consider the famous case of the patient HM. HM was an epileptic who had undergone a lobectomy. He was then observed to have severe anterograde amnesia. In other words, he would forget events almost immediately after they happened. In a groundbreaking experiment, the cognitive psychologist Brenda Milner had HM perform a mirror-drawing task in which he had to draw the outline of a star through a mirror while not being able to see his own arm.17 The results were astounding: he was able to improve at the task after several days, even though he had no memory of the event.


pages: 329 words: 93,655

Moonwalking With Einstein by Joshua Foer

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Albert Einstein, Asperger Syndrome, Berlin Wall, conceptual framework, deliberate practice, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Frank Gehry, mental accounting, patient HM, pattern recognition, speech recognition, Stephen Hawking

Natural-born cyborgs: minds, technologies, and the future of human intelligence. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. Cohen, G. (1990). Why Is It Difficult to Put Names to Faces? British Journal of Psychology, 81, 287-297. Coleman, J. (1992). Ancient and medieval memories: studies in the reconstruction of the past. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. Cooke, E. (2008). Remember, remember. London: Viking. Corkin, S. (2002). What’s New with the Amnesic Patient H.M. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 3, 153-160. Corsi, P. (1991). The enchanted loom: chapters in the history of neuroscience. New York: Oxford University Press. Cott, J. (2005). On the sea of memory: a journey from forgetting to remembering. New York: Random House. Darnton, R. (1990). First Steps Toward a History of Reading. In The kiss of Lamourette: reflections in cultural history. New York: W.


pages: 455 words: 116,578

The Power of Habit: Why We Do What We Do in Life and Business by Charles Duhigg

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Atul Gawande, Checklist Manifesto, corporate governance, cuban missile crisis, delayed gratification, desegregation, game design, haute couture, impulse control, index card, meta analysis, meta-analysis, patient HM, pattern recognition, randomized controlled trial, rolodex, Rosa Parks, Silicon Valley, telemarketer, Tenerife airport disaster, Toyota Production System, transaction costs, Walter Mischel

.,” Page O’Neuroplasticity, http://www.nyu.edu. 1.8 When the doctor proposed cutting Benedict Carey, “H. M., Whose Loss of Memory Made Him Unforgettable, Dies,” The New York Times, December 5, 2008. 1.9 with a small straw This was a common practice at the time. 1.10 He introduced himself to his doctors Dittrich, “The Brain That Changed Everything”; Larry R. Squire, “Memory and Brain Systems: 1969–2009,” Journal of Neuroscience 29, no. 41 (2009): 12711–26; Larry R. Squire, “The Legacy of Patient H.M. for Neuroscience,” Neuron 61, no. 1 (2009): 6–9. 1.11 transformed our understanding of habits’ power Jonathan M. Reed et al., “Learning About Categories That Are Defined by Object-Like Stimuli Despite Impaired Declarative Memory,” Behavioral Neuroscience 113 (1999): 411–19; B. J. Knowlton, J. A. Mangels, and L. R. Squire, “A Neostriatal Habit Learning System in Humans,” Science 273 (1996): 1399–1402; P.