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What's Mine Is Yours: How Collaborative Consumption Is Changing the Way We Live by Rachel Botsman, Roo Rogers
Airbnb, barriers to entry, Bernie Madoff, bike sharing scheme, Buckminster Fuller, carbon footprint, Cass Sunstein, collaborative consumption, collaborative economy, commoditize, Community Supported Agriculture, credit crunch, crowdsourcing, dematerialisation, disintermediation, en.wikipedia.org, experimental economics, George Akerlof, global village, Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, information retrieval, iterative process, Kevin Kelly, Kickstarter, late fees, Mark Zuckerberg, market design, Menlo Park, Network effects, new economy, new new economy, out of africa, Parkinson's law, peer-to-peer, peer-to-peer lending, peer-to-peer rental, Ponzi scheme, pre–internet, recommendation engine, RFID, Richard Stallman, ride hailing / ride sharing, Robert Shiller, Robert Shiller, Ronald Coase, Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, SETI@home, Simon Kuznets, Skype, slashdot, smart grid, South of Market, San Francisco, Stewart Brand, The Nature of the Firm, The Spirit Level, The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith, The Wisdom of Crowds, Thorstein Veblen, Torches of Freedom, transaction costs, traveling salesman, ultimatum game, Victor Gruen, web of trust, women in the workforce, Zipcar
The Clothing Exchange is able to reach this point more quickly by hosting specific swaps for different clusters of clothing sizes or tastes—for example, teenagers, pregnant moms, and people over sixty-five—and an Excess Baggage Exchange just for shoes, accessories, and handbags. A similar dynamic is at work with the bike-sharing schemes growing in popularity around the world, such as SmartBike in D.C., B-cycle in Hawaii, and OYBike in London. One of the most recent bike-sharing schemes, launched in May 2009, is Montreal’s BIXI (coined from “bike,” plus “taxi”). On taking office, Mayor Delanoë set clear goals to reduce the city’s traffic and carbon emissions and to make the city more livable. He decided he could not just build more cycling paths (Montreal in fact already has a network of more than twenty miles of bike paths); he had to make enough bikes available (and make them cheap enough) so that cycling would become the convenient and attractive choice for people to get around the city.
At dinners, instead of bragging about their new Prius, friends boasted how they had given up their cars altogether by becoming “Zipsters” (members of the car-sharing service Zipcar). More and more friends were selling stuff on craigslist and eBay; swapping books, DVDs, and games on sites such as Swaptree and OurSwaps; and giving unwanted items away on Freecycle and ReUseIt. On a trip to Paris, we saw cyclists pedaling around on sleek-looking bikes with the word “Vélib’” (Paris’s bike-sharing scheme) on their crossbars. A friend in London told us about her new favorite Channel 4 TV program called Landshare. And we kept hearing about the number of people joining Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) programs or local co-ops. We saw stats and stories about online cooperation and the growth in virtual communities. Every day there are more than 3 million Flickr images loaded; 700,000 new members joining Facebook; 5 million “Tweets”; and 900,000 blogs posted.
While this app largely feeds the consumer engine, it’s only a matter of time before the same technology based on location signals will be used to pinpoint whatever we need to access and what is available to borrow, rent, or share. Real-time technologies will be able to predict what we need, where, and when; recommend the best options; and send special offers with sharing solutions. If you’re traveling, for example, from Sunny Side in Denver to Cherry Creek Mall, an app will send you a discount voucher for the bike sharing scheme B-Cycle, and tell you that the fastest way to get there is to go to 345 St. Arthur Street, where there are three bikes available, and then drop the bike off at 2900 Cherry Creek Drive, where there are four docks available. Idling capacity is related not just to physical products such as bikes, cars, and drills but to less tangible assets such as time, skills, space, or commodities like electricity.
France (Lonely Planet, 8th Edition) by Nicola Williams
active transport: walking or cycling, back-to-the-land, bike sharing scheme, British Empire, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Columbine, double helix, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute couture, haute cuisine, Henri Poincaré, Honoré de Balzac, illegal immigration, industrial robot, information trail, Jacquard loom, Jacquard loom, Joseph-Marie Jacquard, Louis Blériot, Louis Pasteur, low cost carrier, Mahatma Gandhi, means of production, Murano, Venice glass, pension reform, QWERTY keyboard, ride hailing / ride sharing, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Skype, Sloane Ranger, supervolcano, trade route, urban renewal, urban sprawl, V2 rocket
Green-themed boxes in most chapters provide destination-specific pointers for travelling responsibly and a top-pick listing of green activities is on opposite. * * * TOP 10 GREEN PICKS Go slow, go green and buzz sustainable with our pick of environmentally sweet travel experiences; see destination chapters for more ideas on taking your foot off the accelerator. Try the self-service bike-rental schemes in Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Montpellier, Rouen, Caen, Dijon, Amiens, Toulouse and Orléans Build a castle using 13th-century technologies at the Chantier Médiéval de Guédelon Behave like a Breton: cycle past otherworldly megaliths Click here, hike on the Island of Terror or bask on Île de Batz Revel in ravishing gardens: Monet’s inspiration in Giverny, subterranean Jardin des Boves in Arras, Menton’s Mediterranean paradises Click here, Monaco’s Jardin Exotique and those at Villa Grecque Kérylos in Beaulieu-sur-Mer and Villa Rothschild in St-Jean Cap-Ferrat Experience France’s first organic village Click here Paddle along emerald-green waterways at the Maison Flore in France’s ‘Green Venice’ Follow the footsteps of pilgrims from Le Puy-en-Velay to St-Jean Pied de Port; or do it by donkey like Robert Louis Stevenson in the Parc National des Cévennes Bliss out in mud at a Biarritz spa Click here Celebrate traditional mountain life during the eco-festival, Les Phonies Bergères Retrace dinosaur steps at the Réserve Géologique in Digne-les-Bains A DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVE Forget the Louvre or the local musée des beaux arts (fine-arts museum).
The local public transport company, STAN ( 03 83 30 08 08; www.reseau-stan.com, in French; office 3 rue du Docteur Schmitt; 7am-7.30pm Mon-Sat), with offices next to the Nacy Gare tram stop, has its main transfer points at Nancy République and Point Central. One/10 tickets cost €1.20/8.70. In this section, tram stops 200m or less from sights, hotels etc are mentioned right after the street address and indicated with a tram icon . Vélostan (www.velostan.com, in French; per half-day/day/week €3/5/10) is not in Central Asia – it’s STAN’s bike-rental scheme, with rental sites inside the train station ( 03 83 32 50 85; 7.30am-7.30pm Mon-Fri, 9am-6pm weekends & holidays) and, near the Musée de l’École de Nancy, in Espace Thermal ( 03 83 90 20 96; 43bis rue du Sergent Blandan; 10am-1pm & 3-6pm Mon-Fri, 9am-6pm Sat). A taxi ( 03 83 37 65 37) is just a telephone call away. Return to beginning of chapter BACCARAT pop 4750 The famous Baccarat cristallerie (crystal glassworks), founded in 1764, is 55km southeast of Nancy.
Journey time is 35/45 minutes to Gare de la Part-Dieu/Gare de Perrache and the single/return fare (€8.60/15.20) includes one hour’s travel on public transport; kids aged four to 12 years pay half-fare. By taxi, the 30-minute trip between the airport and the city centre costs around €40/55 during the day/between 7pm and 7am. BICYCLE Pick up a pair of red-and-silver wheels at one of 200-odd bike stations dotted around the city and drop them off at another with Lyon’s hugely successful vélo’v ( 08 00 08 35 68; www.velov.grandlyon.com, in French) bike-rental scheme. The first 30 minutes are free and the first/subsequent hours cost €1/2 with a carte courte durée (a short-duration card, costing €1 and valid for seven days) and €0.50/1 if you buy a carte longue durée (long-duration card, costing €5 and valid for one year). Buy either card with a credit card from machines installed at bike stations: central stations are located in front of the town hall on bd de la Croix Rousse, 4e (Map; metro Croix Rousse); beside the opera house (1er; Map; metro Hôtel de Ville); and opposite Cathédrale St-Jean on place St-Jean (5e; Map; metro Vieux Lyon).
Peak Car: The Future of Travel by David Metz
autonomous vehicles, bike sharing scheme, Clayton Christensen, congestion charging, crowdsourcing, David Attenborough, decarbonisation, edge city, Edward Glaeser, Just-in-time delivery, Network effects, Richard Florida, Robert Gordon, Silicon Valley, Skype, urban sprawl, yield management, young professional
Paying parking charges by mobile phone is common in developed cities and could be used in developing cities, given that nearly everyone who has a car also has a phone. Bicycles are the dominant mode of urban travel when incomes are low, but are subsequently replaced first by motorised two‑wheelers and then by cars. But cycling can be revived, by putting in place cycle lanes and low cost bike hire. Public cycle rental schemes are operating in more than 500 cities in 50 countries. The largest cycle hire scheme in the world is in the city of Hangzhou in south China. Cars will always be popular, but car sharing in its various forms is worth encouraging in preference to individual ownership, given that private cars are parked for 95 per cent of the time and that people who share cars drive substantially less those who own cars.
Streetfight: Handbook for an Urban Revolution by Janette Sadik-Khan, Seth Solomonow
autonomous vehicles, bike sharing scheme, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, clean water, congestion charging, crowdsourcing, digital map, edge city, Edward Glaeser, en.wikipedia.org, Enrique Peñalosa, Hyperloop, Induced demand, Jane Jacobs, Loma Prieta earthquake, Lyft, New Urbanism, place-making, self-driving car, sharing economy, the built environment, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, the High Line, transportation-network company, Uber and Lyft, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, Works Progress Administration, Zipcar
Also see Sonja Heikkilä Tekes, “Mobility as a Service,” The Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation, May 29, 2015, accessed August 13, 2015, www.eltis.org/sites/eltis/files/case-studies/documents/mobility_as_a_service_heikkila.pdf. Reetta Putkonen, the director: Reetta Putkonen in conversation with the author, May 31, 2015. Beijing was the bike: Patti Waldmeir, “Wheels Come Off China’s Bike-Share Schemes,” Financial Times, September 4, 2014, www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/815c5378-33e211e4-85f1-00144feabdc0.html#axzz3jwgfjjaA. “You could argue . . . pros and cons would be”: Jennifer Fermino, Rocco Parascandola, and Corky Siemaszko, “De Blasio Suggests Eliminating Times Square Pedestrian Plazas to Kick Out Topless Women, Costumed Characters,” Daily News, August 21, 2105, www.nydailynews.com/new-york/de-blasio-suggests-eliminating-times-square-pedestrian-plaza-article-1.2332127.
Lonely Planet France by Lonely Planet Publications
banking crisis, bike sharing scheme, British Empire, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Columbine, double helix, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, haute couture, haute cuisine, Henri Poincaré, Honoré de Balzac, illegal immigration, Jacquard loom, Jacquard loom, Joseph-Marie Jacquard, Louis Blériot, Louis Pasteur, low cost carrier, Mahatma Gandhi, mass immigration, Murano, Venice glass, ride hailing / ride sharing, sensible shoes, Silicon Valley, supervolcano, trade route, urban renewal, urban sprawl, V2 rocket
BETWEEN ORLY & CHARLES DE GAULLE Air France Shuttle Bus 3 (www.cars-airfrance.com; adult €20; 6am-10.30pm) Every 30 minutes; journey time is 30 to 45 minutes. AÉROPORT PARIS-BEAUVAIS Navette Officielle (Official Shuttle Bus; 08 92 68 20 64, airport 08 92 68 20 66; adult €15) The Beauvais shuttle links the airport with the metro station Porte de Maillot in western Paris. See the airport website for details. Bicycle The Vélib’ Offline map Google map ( www.velib.paris.fr) bike-share scheme has revolutionised how Parisians get around. There are some 1800 stations throughout the city, each with anywhere from 20 to 70 bike stands. The bikes are accessible around the clock. To get a bike, you first need to purchase a daily/weekly subscription (€1.70/8). There are two ways to do this: either at the terminals (which require a credit card with an embedded smartchip) at docking stations or online.
Freescoot Offline map Google map ( 01 44 07 06 72; www.scooter-rental-paris.com; 63 quai de la Tournelle; bike/tandem half-day €10/22, day €15/32; 9am-1pm & 2-7pm Mon-Sat year-round, plus Sun mid-Apr–mid-Sep; Maubert-Mutualité) also rents scooters; no license is required for smaller scooters. AUTOLIB’ In December 2011 Paris launched the world’s first electric-car-share programme, Autolib’ (www.autolib.eu) . The premise is quite similar to Vélib’ (the bike-share scheme): you pay a subscription (day/week €10/15) and then rent a GPS-equipped car in 30-minute intervals and drop it off at one of the 1000 available stations when you’re done. Unfortunately, it’s really only good for short hops, because renting a car overnight would be exorbitant – the rates are €7 for the 1st half hour, €6 for the 2nd half-hour and €8 for subsequent intervals. The car battery is good for 250km, which means you can take it into the surrounding countryside (eg Fontainebleau), but no further.
Eastern USA by Lonely Planet
1960s counterculture, active transport: walking or cycling, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, Berlin Wall, bike sharing scheme, Bretton Woods, British Empire, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, collective bargaining, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, Donald Trump, East Village, Fall of the Berlin Wall, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, Guggenheim Bilbao, haute cuisine, Hernando de Soto, illegal immigration, immigration reform, information trail, interchangeable parts, jitney, license plate recognition, Mason jar, mass immigration, McMansion, megacity, Menlo Park, new economy, New Urbanism, obamacare, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, Skype, the built environment, the High Line, the payments system, transcontinental railway, union organizing, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, Works Progress Administration, young professional
Thompson Boat Center BOAT RENTAL ( 202-333-9543; www.thompsonboatcenter.com; cnr Virginia Ave & Rock Creek Pkwy NW; 8am-5pm) At the Potomac River end of Rock Creek Park, it rents canoes (per hour $12), kayaks (per hour single/double $10/17) and bikes (per hour/day $7/28). Big Wheel Bikes BICYCLE RENTAL ( 202-337-0254; www.bigwheelbikes.com; 1034 33rd St NW; per hr/day $7/35; 11am-7pm Tue-Fri, 10am-6pm Sat & Sun) A good bike-rental outfitter. Capitol Bikeshare BICYCLE RENTAL ( 877-430-2453; www.capitolbikeshare.com) Modeled on bike-sharing schemes in Europe, Capitol Bikeshare has a network of 1000-plus bicycles scattered at 100-odd stations around DC. To check out a bike, select the membership (24 hours is $5, five days is $15), insert credit card, and off you go. The first 30 minutes are free; after that, rates rise exponentially ($1.50/3/6 per extra 30/60/90 minutes). Call or go online for complete details. Washington, DC for Children Top destination for families is undoubtedly the (free!)
Lonely Planet China (Travel Guide) by Lonely Planet, Shawn Low
Albert Einstein, anti-communist, bike sharing scheme, call centre, carbon footprint, clean water, colonial rule, credit crunch, Deng Xiaoping, haute couture, haute cuisine, income inequality, indoor plumbing, land reform, mass immigration, Pearl River Delta, place-making, Rubik’s Cube, Skype, South China Sea, special economic zone, sustainable-tourism, trade route, upwardly mobile, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, women in the workforce, Xiaogang Anhui farmers, young professional
At the time of writing it was expected that sometime after 2015 the subway will extend here via the Summer Palace and Botanic Gardens. 2Activities Cycling Beijing is flat as a pancake and almost every road has a dedicated cycle lane, meaning cycling is easily the best way to see the city; it’s especially fun to explore hutong areas by bike. Most hostels rent bikes. There are also bike rental depots around the Houhai Lakes. Look out too for the city's bike-sharing scheme. Details of how to use it can be found on the very useful, independently created website www.beijingbikeshare.com. Essentially, you need to take your passport, a ¥400 deposit and an ordinary Beijing travel card (with at least ¥30 credit on it) to one of five bike-share kiosks (open 9.30 to 11.30am and 1.30pm to 4pm, Monday to Friday) in order to register. The two most handy kiosks are by Exit A of Dongzhimen subway station and by Exit A2 of Tiantandongmen subway station.
USA Travel Guide by Lonely, Planet
1960s counterculture, active transport: walking or cycling, Affordable Care Act / Obamacare, Albert Einstein, Asilomar, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Berlin Wall, Big bang: deregulation of the City of London, big-box store, bike sharing scheme, Bretton Woods, British Empire, Burning Man, California gold rush, call centre, car-free, carbon footprint, centre right, Chuck Templeton: OpenTable, cuban missile crisis, desegregation, Donald Trump, Donner party, East Village, edge city, El Camino Real, Fall of the Berlin Wall, feminist movement, Frank Gehry, glass ceiling, global village, Golden Gate Park, Guggenheim Bilbao, Haight Ashbury, haute couture, haute cuisine, Hernando de Soto, Howard Zinn, illegal immigration, immigration reform, information trail, interchangeable parts, intermodal, jitney, license plate recognition, Mars Rover, Mason jar, mass immigration, Maui Hawaii, McMansion, Menlo Park, Monroe Doctrine, new economy, New Urbanism, obamacare, off grid, Ralph Nader, Ralph Waldo Emerson, RFID, ride hailing / ride sharing, Ronald Reagan, Rosa Parks, Saturday Night Live, Silicon Valley, South of Market, San Francisco, stealth mode startup, stem cell, supervolcano, the built environment, The Chicago School, the High Line, the payments system, trade route, transcontinental railway, union organizing, Upton Sinclair, upwardly mobile, urban decay, urban planning, urban renewal, urban sprawl, walkable city, white flight, working poor, Works Progress Administration, young professional, Zipcar
Thompson Boat Center BOAT RENTAL Offline map Google map ( 202-333-9543; www.thompsonboatcenter.com; cnr Virginia Ave & Rock Creek Pkwy NW; 8am-5pm) At the Potomac River end of Rock Creek Park, it rents canoes (per hour $12), kayaks (per hour single/double $10/17) and bikes (per hour/day $7/28). Big Wheel Bikes BICYCLE RENTAL ( 202-337-0254; www.bigwheelbikes.com; 1034 33rd St NW; per hr/day $7/35; 11am-7pm Tue-Fri, 10am-6pm Sat & Sun) A good bike-rental outfitter. Capitol Bikeshare BICYCLE RENTAL ( 877-430-2453; www.capitolbikeshare.com) Modeled on bike-sharing schemes in Europe, Capitol Bikeshare has a network of 1000-plus bicycles scattered at 100-odd stations around DC. To check out a bike, select the membership (24 hours is $5, five days is $15), insert credit card, and off you go. The first 30 minutes are free; after that, rates rise exponentially ($1.50/3/6 per extra 30/60/90 minutes). Call or go online for complete details. Washington, DC for Children Top destination for families is undoubtedly the (free!)