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searching for Vertebra (software) 198 found (1260 total)

alternate case: vertebra (software)

Thoracic vertebrae (1,441 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article

thoracic vertebra is larger than the first thoracic vertebra The thoracic spinal nerve 3 (T3) passes out underneath it. The fourth thoracic vertebra, together
Cervical vertebrae (1,650 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In vertebrates, cervical vertebrae (singular: vertebra) are those vertebrae immediately below the skull. Thoracic vertebrae in all mammalian species are
Lumbar vertebrae (1,409 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
vertebrae. The fifth vertebra contains certain peculiarities, which are detailed below. As with other vertebrae, each lumbar vertebra consists of a vertebral
Axis (anatomy) (1,130 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
cervical vertebra (C2) of the spine is named the axis (from Latin axis, "axle") or epistropheus. It forms the pivot upon which the first cervical vertebra (the
Vertebra (3,584 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
For other uses, see Vertebra (disambiguation). In the vertebrate spinal column, each vertebra is an irregular bone with a complex structure composed of
Body of vertebra (375 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The body is the largest part of a vertebra, and is more or less cylindrical in shape. The central portion of a vertebra is called the centrum. Its upper
Atlas (anatomy) (1,107 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
cervical vertebra of the spine. It is named for the Atlas of Greek mythology, because it supports the globe of the head. The atlas is the topmost vertebra and
Limbus vertebra (144 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A limbus vertebra is a bone defect in the vertebral body bearing a radiographic similarity to a vertebral fracture. The anterior-superior corner of a single
Spinous process (222 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The spinous process of a vertebra is directed backward and downward from the junction of the laminae (in humans), and serves for the attachment of muscles
Congenital vertebral anomaly (874 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
block vertebra in the lumbar spine (partial vertebrae 3 and 4). The rear portion of the disc still exists. Congenital block vertebra of the
Articular processes (294 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
φυσις = "process") of a vertebra, are projections of the vertebra that serve the purpose of fitting with an adjacent vertebra. The actual region of contact
Vertebral compression fracture (780 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
compression fracture is a collapse of a vertebra. It may be due to trauma or due to a weakening of the vertebra (compare with burst fracture). This weakening
Base of the sacrum (179 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the body of the first sacral vertebra, which is connected with the under surface of the body of the last lumbar vertebra by an intervertebral fibrocartilage
Pterospondylus (148 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pterospondylus (meaning "winged vertebra") is a dubious genus of theropod dinosaur from the Late Triassic. It was a coelophysoid theropod which lived in
Human vertebral column (2,463 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
second cervical vertebra the axis at the apex of the odontoid process known as the dens, and ends at the middle of the second thoracic vertebra; it is the
Burst fracture (577 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A burst fracture is a type of traumatic spinal injury in which a vertebra breaks from a high-energy axial load (e.g., traffic collisions or falls from
Thoracic spinal nerve 11 (35 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from below the thoracic vertebra 11 (T11). American Medical Association Nervous System -- Groups of Nerves
Thoracic spinal nerve 8 (35 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from below the thoracic vertebra 8 (T8). American Medical Association Nervous System -- Groups of Nerves
Thoracic spinal nerve 3 (35 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from below the thoracic vertebra 3 (T3). American Medical Association Nervous System -- Groups of Nerves
Alar fascia (104 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Cranially, it reaches the skull, and caudally, it reaches the second thoracic vertebra. It is the posterior border of the retropharyngeal space. Retrovisceral
Radiate ligament of head of rib (237 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
ascends and is connected with the body of the vertebra above. The inferior one descends to the body of the vertebra below. The middle one, the smallest and
Vertebral column (1,709 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
vertebrates. It is formed from individual bones called vertebrae (singular: vertebra), which houses the spinal canal, a cavity that encloses and protects the
Spondylolisthesis (834 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Spondylolisthesis is the forward displacement of a vertebra, especially the fifth lumbar vertebra, most commonly occurring after a break or fracture.
Intervertebral foramina (234 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
adjacent vertebra, The Inferior Notch of the vertebra, The body of the vertebral body, Facet joints on the transverse process of the vertebra. This article
Sacrum (2,840 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In humans, the upper part of the sacrum connects with the last lumbar vertebra, and its lower part with the coccyx (tailbone) via the sacral and coccygeal
Process (anatomy) (276 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
projection or outgrowth of tissue from a larger body. For instance, in a vertebra, a process may serve for muscle attachment and leverage (as in the case
Transverse costal facet (57 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
site where a rib forms a joint with the transverse process of a thoracic vertebra. This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition
Cervical spinal nerve 7 (50 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from above the cervical vertebra 7 (C7). It runs through the interspace between the C6 and C7 vertebrae
Cervical spinal nerve 3 (35 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from above the cervical vertebra 3 (C3). American Medical Association Nervous System -- Groups of Nerves
Cervical spinal nerve 2 (35 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from above the cervical vertebra 2 (C2). American Medical Association Nervous System -- Groups of Nerves
Thoracic spinal nerve 7 (35 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from below the thoracic vertebra 7 (T7). American Medical Association Nervous System -- Groups of Nerves
Thoracic spinal nerve 12 (59 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from below the thoracic vertebra 12 (T12). It may also be known as the subcostal nerve. "AMA (Atlas)
Thoracic spinal nerve 2 (35 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from below the thoracic vertebra 2 (T2). American Medical Association Nervous System -- Groups of Nerves
Thoracic spinal nerve 9 (35 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from below the thoracic vertebra 9 (T9). American Medical Association Nervous System -- Groups of Nerves
Thoracic spinal nerve 10 (35 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from below the thoracic vertebra 10 (T10). American Medical Association Nervous System -- Groups of Nerves
Cobb angle (212 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the superior endplate of one vertebra above the fracture and a line drawn parallel to the inferior endplate of the vertebra one level below the fracture
Thoracic spinal nerve 5 (35 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from below the thoracic vertebra 5 (T5). American Medical Association Nervous System -- Groups of Nerves
Thoracic spinal nerve 6 (35 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from below the thoracic vertebra 6 (T6). American Medical Association Nervous System -- Groups of Nerves
Thoracic spinal nerve 4 (35 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from below the thoracic vertebra 4 (T4). American Medical Association Nervous System -- Groups of Nerves
Yuzhoupliosaurus (150 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Middle Jurassic of China. The genus is known only from a lower jaw, a vertebra, and fragments of a pectoral girdle. It is believed this genus lived in
Spondylitis (220 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
spondylolysis, or spondylolisthesis. Spondylitis is an inflammation of the vertebra. It is a form of spondylopathy. In many cases spondylitis involves one
Subcostal plane (55 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
which bisects the body at the level of the 10th costal margin and the vertebra body L3. "Definition: subcostal plane from Online Medical Dictionary"
Puertasaurus (752 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Puertasaurus is based on a partial spinal column: a neck vertebra, a dorsal (back) vertebra, and two tail vertebrae. Of the four neck, back and
Teinurosaurus (465 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
during the Late Jurassic in what is now Portugal. Only a single caudal vertebra (now destroyed) has ever been discovered, and the genus is usually considered
Multifidus muscle (286 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
joints at each segmental level. The stiffness and stability makes each vertebra work more effectively, and reduces the degeneration of the joint structures
Kemkemia (318 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
and Simone Maganuco and is based on a single distal caudal vertebra, MSNM V6408. This vertebra measures 60.48 mm in length and 33.81 mm in height. The genus
Pathologic fracture (232 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
pathological compression fracture of a spinal vertebra fractures will commonly appear to collapse the entire body of vertebra. In circumstances where other pathologies
Weberian apparatus (1,239 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
suspensorium from the fourth vertebra; the parapophysis of vertebra number five including the vertebra itself, plus the vertebra's corresponding pleural rib
Hypselorhachis (265 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
lived during the Triassic Period. It is currently known only from a single vertebra found from the Middle Triassic Manda Beds in Tanzania. The type species
Cervical spinal nerve 4 (55 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from above the cervical vertebra 4 (C4). Its control of the thoracic diaphragm has inspired a medical mnemonic:
False potto (2,103 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
and chest vertebrae, a smaller, less complex spine on the second neck vertebra, an entepicondylar foramen (an opening in the humerus, or upper arm bone)
Cervical spinal nerve 5 (80 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from above the cervical vertebra 5 (C5). It contributes to the phrenic nerve, long thoracic nerve, and dorsal
Jefferson fracture (786 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
fracture is a bone fracture of the anterior and posterior arches of the C1 vertebra, though it may also appear as a three or two part fracture. The fracture
Thoracic spinal nerve 1 (41 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from below the thoracic vertebra 1 (T1). Thoracic spinal nerve 1 American Medical Association
Middle cervical ganglion (161 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
and is occasionally absent. It is placed opposite the sixth cervical vertebra, usually in front of, or close to, the inferior thyroid artery. It sends
Facet syndrome (242 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
are formed by the superior and inferior processes of each vertebra. The first cervical vertebra has an inferior articulating surface but, as it does not
Cervical enlargement (145 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
limbs. It extends from about the third cervical to the second thoracic vertebra, its maximum circumference (about 38 mm.) being on a level with the attachment
Kyrinion (378 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
arch of the atlas bone (the vertebra that connects to the skull) and a rib possibly belonging to a cervical (neck) vertebra. The type species K. martilli
Laminectomy (968 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The back muscles are pushed aside rather than cut and the parts of the vertebra adjacent to the lamina are left intact. Recovery occurs within a few days
Arctosaurus (176 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
authors have suggested trilophosaurian affinities. It is based on a neck vertebra that was found on Cameron Island, Nunavut, Canada, in Late Triassic-age
Tappenosaurus (257 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
of the back of the skull, pieces of teeth and ribs, an axis vertebra, a dorsal vertebra, three neural spines, the ends of both humeri and a partial hip
Nopcsaspondylus (129 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Nopcsaspondylus (meaning "Franz Nopcsa's vertebra", in reference to the original describer) is a genus of rebbachisaurid sauropod dinosaur (a type of large
Iliolumbar ligament (287 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
ligament passing from the tip of the transverse process of the fifth lumbar vertebra to the posterior part of the inner lip of the iliac crest (upper margin
Discectomy (280 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
procedure, a small piece of bone (the lamina) is removed from the affected vertebra, allowing the surgeon to better see and access the area of disc herniation
Cutler Stack (250 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
visited the area in 1821-22; his name was found carved on a piece of whale vertebra excavated from a stone hut on Byers Peninsula by a FIDS survey party in
Infrasternal angle (117 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The lower opening of the thorax is formed by the twelfth thoracic vertebra behind, by the eleventh and twelfth ribs at the sides, and in front by the cartilages
Hypsibema (261 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
"with a fat tail" in Latin. The holotype, USNM 7189, consists of a caudal vertebra, a humerus, a tibia and a metatarsal, found in 1869 by North Carolina state
Stereospondyli (300 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
tetrapods (labyrinthodonts), they had simplified backbones, where the whole vertebra was made of a single intercentrum, topped by a neural arch. The whole vertebral
Pork chop (354 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
perpendicularly to the spine of the pig and usually containing a rib or part of a vertebra, served as an individual portion. The center cut or pork loin chop includes
Foraminotomy (159 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
peeled away to reveal the bone underneath, and a small hole cut into the vertebra itself. Through this hole, using an arthroscope, the foramen can be visualized
Martti Larni (151 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Minnesota palaa (1952) Neljäs nikama eli Veijari vastoin tahtoaan – The Fourth Vertebra, or a Scamp Despite Himself (1957) Kaunis sikopaimen eli Talousneuvos Minna
Spinal cord (4,027 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
column between occiput and C1 vertebra; C2 nerves exit between posterior arch of C1 vertebra and lamina of C2 vertebra; C3–C8 spinal nerves through IVF
Esophageal hiatus (203 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thoracic vertebra (T10). The esophageal hiatus is situated in the muscular part of the diaphragm at the level of the tenth thoracic vertebra, and is elliptical
Xiphisternal joint (63 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
ossifies to form a synostosis between the two sternal elements. It is in line with the T9 vertebra. ( http://www.anatomyexpert.com/structure_detail/15231/ )
Schmorl's nodes (639 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
adjacent vertebra. These are protrusions of disc material into the surface of the vertebral body, which may contact the marrow of the vertebra and lead
Alar ligament (366 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
ligaments connect the sides of the dens (on the axis, the second cervical vertebra) to tubercles on the medial side of the occipital condyle. They are short
Astragal (371 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
and Latin for "vertebra," and the original astragals used in architecture were made in a beaded design, thereby resembling a vertebra. An astragal is
Bothriospondylus (685 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Bothriospondylus ("excavated vertebra") is an dubious genus of sauropod dinosaur. It lived during the Late Jurassic. The type species, Bothriospondylus
Occipital condyle (750 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
which function in articulation with the superior facets of the atlas vertebra. The condyles are oval or reniform (kidney-shaped) in shape, and their
Dongusia (162 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
German paleontologist Friedrich von Huene in 1940 on the basis of a single vertebra. This bone was found in the Sol-Iletsky District of Orenburg Oblast. Huene
Xenoposeidon (887 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
living about 140 million years ago. It is known from a single partial vertebra with unusual features, unlike those of other sauropods. This bone was first
Jubbulpuria (264 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
K27/614 and GSI K20/612, each being a partial distal caudal vertebra. A third distal tail vertebra, GSI K27/599, has been referred to the species. Jubbulpuria
Stone Johnson (133 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
a sprinter in the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, suffered a fractured vertebra in his neck in a preseason game against the Houston Oilers in Wichita,
Chance fracture (219 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
vertebral body and a transverse fracture through the posterior elements of the vertebra and the posterior portion of the vertebral body. It is caused by violent
Vertebral vein (178 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
trunk, which emerges from the foramen transversarium of the sixth cervical vertebra, and opens at the root of the neck into the back part of the innominate
Haemal arch (68 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A haemal arch is a bony arch on the underside of a tail vertebra of a vertebrate. The hole so formed is the haemal canal. It sometimes has a haemal spine
Spinal nerve (1,729 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
first vertebra). Thus the cervical nerves are numbered by the vertebra below, except spinal nerve C8, which exists below vertebra C7 and above vertebra T1
Thoracic aorta (479 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
fourth thoracic vertebra where it is continuous with the aortic arch, and ends in front of the lower border of the twelfth thoracic vertebra, at the aortic
Interspinal ligament (151 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
membranous ligaments, that connect adjoining spinous processes of the vertebra in the spine. They extend from the root to the apex of each spinous process
Ichthyovenator (672 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
lacking the skull. It includes the penultimate dorsal vertebra, the spine of the last dorsal vertebra, five sacral vertebrae, the first two caudal vertebrae
Gannansaurus (131 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
F10001 which consists of a single, nearly complete dorsal vertebra and a mid-caudal vertebra. Gannansaurus was first named by Junchang Lü, Laiping Yi,
Articulation of head of rib (102 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
them; the first, eleventh and twelfth ribs each articulate with a single vertebra. The ligaments of the joints are: Articular capsule Interarticular ligament
Vertebrectomy (8 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Vertebrectomy is the surgical excision of a vertebra.
Common iliac vein (153 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
iliac veins come together in the abdomen at the level of the fifth lumbar vertebra, forming the inferior vena cava. They drain blood from the pelvis and lower
Tsukuhara syndrome (18 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Tsukuhara syndrome is an infrequently occurring skeletal dysplasia characterised by a caudal synostosis of the vertebra at birth.
Spondylolysis (1,623 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
spondylosis, spondylitis, or spondylolisthesis. Spondylolysis is a defect of a vertebra. More specifically it is defined as a defect in the pars interarticularis
Deep cervical artery (150 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
cervical nerve and between the transverse process of the seventh cervical vertebra and the neck of the first rib, it runs up the back of the neck, between
Gilchristosuchus (235 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Gilchristosuchus is based on RTMP 91.101.1, a partial posterior skull and a neck vertebra. The skull would have been about 15 centimetres (5.9 in) long when complete
Paleontology in Washington, D.C. (582 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
primarily for two serendipitously discovered dinosaur fossils. The first was a vertebra from a carnivorous dinosaur nicknamed "Capitalsaurus" that was related
Inferior costal facet (127 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
a rib forms a joint with the inferior aspect of the body of a thoracic vertebra. In the picture to the right, the arrow points to an inferior costal facet
Superior costal facet (196 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
superior costal fovea) is a site where a rib forms a joint with the top of a vertebra. Ribs connect to the thoracic vertebrae at two main points, the inferior
Cervical spinal nerve 6 (137 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from above the cervical vertebra 6 (C6). The C6 nerve root shares a common branch from C5, and has a role
Suboccipital nerve (94 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(C1). It exits the spinal cord between the skull and the first cervical vertebra, the atlas. It lies within the suboccipital triangle along with the vertebral
Cervical spinal nerve 1 (107 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
motor fibres. It originates from the spinal column from above the cervical vertebra 1 (C1). Muscles innervated by this nerve are: Geniohyoid muscle- through
Labeoninae (631 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The first vertebra has a parapophysis that is elongated to forward and partially overlaps the basioccipital process. The fourth vertebra, meanwhile,
Suboccipital muscles (137 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the occiput. Obliquus capitis inferior goes from the spine of the axis vertebra to the transverse process of the atlas. They are innervated by the suboccipital
Inferior cervical ganglion (259 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
situated between the base of the transverse process of the last cervical vertebra and the neck of the first rib, on the medial side of the costocervical
Filum terminale (403 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
15 cm long and reaches as far as the lower border of the second sacral vertebra. It is continuous above with the pia mater and contained within a tubular
Intertubercular plane (113 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the iliac tubercles; behind, its plane cuts the body of the fifth lumbar vertebra. Front view of the thoracic and abdominal viscera. a. Median plane
Cervical spinal nerve 8 (472 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
segment. It originates from the spinal column from below the cervical vertebra 7 (C7). The C8 nerve forms part of the radial and ulnar nerves via the
Costotransverse ligament (31 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
fibrous band that connects the dorsal surface of the neck of a rib with the anterior surface of the transverse process of the corresponding vertebra.
Root of the mesentery (89 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
from the duodenojejunal flexure at the left side of the second lumbar vertebra to the right sacroiliac articulation. This article incorporates text in
Deep cervical fascia (625 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the ligamentum nuchæ and to the spinous process of the seventh cervical vertebra. The alar fascia is a portion of the deep cervical fascia. The deep cervical
Clay-shoveler fracture (151 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Clay-shoveler's fracture is a stable fracture through the spinous process of a vertebra occurring at any of the lower cervical or upper thoracic vertebrae, classically
Inferior vena cava (751 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the left common iliac veins, usually at the level of the fifth lumbar vertebra. It is a large retroperitoneal vein that lies posterior to the abdominal
Meat chop (373 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
perpendicularly to the spine, and usually containing a rib or riblet part of a vertebra and served as an individual portion. The most common kinds of meat chops
Common iliac lymph nodes (74 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
placed below the bifurcation of the aorta, in front of the fifth lumbar vertebra. They drain chiefly the hypogastric and external iliac glands, and their
Common iliac artery (327 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
originate from the aortic bifurcation at the level of the fourth lumbar vertebra. It ends in front of the sacroiliac joint, bifurcate the external iliac
Tanystrosuchus (248 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
fossil neck vertebra of the species T. posthumus, found in the Middle Stubensandstein formation of what is present-day Germany. The vertebra used to name
Tangvayosaurus (288 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
vertebrae and a tail vertebra, ribs, and an upper arm bone (humerus). Another skeleton includes 38 tail vertebrae, a neck vertebra, and most of a hind
Spondylosoma (283 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Spondylosoma (meaning "vertebra body") is a genus of archosaur of uncertain affinities from the late Ladinian-age Middle Triassic Lower Santa Maria Formation
Joan Wiffen's Theropod (247 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
tail vertebra was found, and this was thought to be from a type of Allosaur, because the tail vertebra resembled it most. Based on the vertebra, Joan
Tanystropheus (980 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Tanystropheus (Greek τανυς “long” + στροφαηυς “vertebra”), was a 6 metre (20 ft) long reptile that dated from the Middle Triassic period. It is recognizable
Lumbosacral joint (142 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The lumbosacral joint is a joint of the body, between the last lumbar vertebra and the first sacral segment of the vertebral column. In some ways, calling
Median sacral artery (239 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
pass from it, to the posterior surface of the rectum. On the last lumbar vertebra it anastomoses with the lumbar branch of the iliolumbar artery; in front
Transpyloric plane (365 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
of the ninth costal cartilages and the lower border of the first lumbar vertebra. The transpyloric plane is clinically notable because it passes through
Sulaimanisaurus (134 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
described by M. Sadiq Malkani in 2006, and it is based on seven tail vertebra, found in the Maastrichtian-age Vitakri Member of the Pab Formation. Four
Inferior ganglion of vagus nerve (181 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
located in the height of the transverse process of the first cervical vertebra (atlas). Passing through it is the cranial portion of the accessory nerve
Rotatores muscles (182 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
inserted into the lower border and lateral surface of the lamina of the vertebra above, the fibers extending as far as the root of the spinous process.
Technosaurus (444 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
consisted of a premaxilla (tip of the upper jaw), two lower jaw pieces, a back vertebra, and an astragalus. Technosaurus and its type species, T. smalli, were
Fish measurement (343 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
fish measured from the tip of the snout to the posterior end of the last vertebra or to the posterior end of the midlateral portion of the hypural plate
Bertolotti's syndrome (228 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
physician Bertolotti's syndrome is defined by a transitional 5th lumbar vertebra resulting in partial sacralization. Of importance is that this syndrome
Aortic bifurcation (181 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
bifurcation occurs usually at the level of the fourth lumbar vertebrae (L4 Vertebra), just above the confluence of the left and right common iliac veins. The
Gwyneddosaurus (375 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Montgomery County, eastern Pennsylvania, and include skull fragments, several vertebra, ribs, gastralia, partial shoulder and hip bones, and several forelimb
Khetranisaurus (135 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
barkhani, described by M. Sadiq Malkani in 2006, and it is based on a tail vertebra, found in the Maastrichtian-age Vitakri Member of the Pab Formation.
Spinostropheus (500 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
is derived from Latin spina, "spine", and Greek στροφεύς, stropheus, "vertebra", and refers to the epipophyseal processes of the cervical vertebrae, which
Craterosaurus (297 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
actually be a junior synonym of Regnosaurus, but only one fossil, a partial vertebra, was recovered. The type (and only known) species is Craterosaurus pottonensis
Amphicoelias (3,283 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
shortly after he was hired by Cope in 1877. Lucas discovered a partial vertebra (the neural arch and spine) of the new sauropod species in Garden Park
Vertebral artery (876 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
superiorly, in the transverse foramen (foramen transversarium) of each cervical vertebra. Once they have passed through the transverse foramen of C1 (also known
Cervical rib (609 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
a supernumerary (or extra) rib which arises from the seventh cervical vertebra. Sometimes known as "neck ribs", their presence is a congenital abnormality
Walgettosuchus (347 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
crocodile") is a now thought invalid genus of theropod dinosaur. An opalised vertebra of a theropod dinosaur was found before 1909 by T.C. Wollaston in an opal
Superior costotransverse ligament (154 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
band that arises from the neck of a rib to the transverse process of the vertebra above. It comprises two sets of fibers. The anterior set passes obliquely
Massospondylus (6,315 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
mas-oh-SPON-di-ləs; from Greek, μάσσων (massōn, "longer") and σπόνδυλος (spondylos, "vertebra")) is a genus of sauropodomorph dinosaur from the Early Jurassic Period
Alberto Vernet Basualdo (102 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In 2005 he suffered a career threatening neck injury displacing the 5th vertebra and the Intervertebral disc, but he recovered and was selected to represent
Mesopropithecus (3,137 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
suspension. This was further supported by a study of a single lumbar vertebra. This vertebra was similar to that of Babakotia in having a moderately reduced
Longus colli muscle (275 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
surface of the vertebral column, between the atlas and the third thoracic vertebra. It is broad in the middle, narrow and pointed at either end, and consists
Internal vertebral venous plexuses (256 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
a series of venous rings (retia venosa vertebrarum), one opposite each vertebra. Around the foramen magnum they form an intricate network which opens into
Ctenospondylus (190 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ctenospondylus, ("comb vertebra") was a pelycosaur that was about 3 meters (10 feet) long. It is known only from the 'Seymouran' Land Vertebrate Faunachron
Boas' point (39 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
is an area of tenderness to palpation to the left of the 12th thoracic vertebra found in some patients with gastric ulcer. This medical sign is named after
Mamenchisaurus (1,290 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Professor C. C. Young. The type specimen had an incomplete neck with 14 vertebra preserved and none of these were complete. M. constructus has been estimated
Obliquus capitis inferior muscle (251 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The muscle is responsible for rotation of the head and first cervical vertebra (atlanto-axial joint). It forms the lower boundary of the suboccipital
Capitalsaurus (199 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The only known specimen of "Capitalsaurus" consists of part of a single vertebra. Some paleontologists feel that this is insufficient justification for
Iberospondylus (125 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
name of the peninsula where Spain is located, plus "spodylos", Greek for vertebra. The species name is in honor of Dr. Hans-Peter Schultze. Publication
Angloposeidon (190 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Tetrapod Zoology Book One from 2010. The remains consist of a single cervical vertebra (MIWG.7306), which indicate it was a very large animal. The fossil was
Celiac plexus (449 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
front of the crura of the diaphragm, on the level of the first lumbar vertebra. The plexus is formed (in part) by the greater and lesser splanchnic nerves
Celiac artery (435 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
length, in a horizontal direction. Branching from the aorta at thoracic vertebra 12 (T12) in humans, it is one of three anterior/ midline branches of the
Aortic hiatus (195 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
apertures. It is located approximately at the level of the twelfth thoracic vertebra (T12). Strictly speaking, it is not an aperture in the diaphragm but
Katsuyamasaurus (115 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
nudum. "Katsuyamasaurus" is known from remains including an ulna and a vertebra, and is named after the locality in Japan where the fossils were found
Streptospondylus (1,318 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Streptospondylus (meaning "reversed vertebra") is a genus of tetanuran theropod dinosaur known from the Middle Jurassic period of France, 161 million years
Hangman's fracture (1,171 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
given to a fracture of both pedicles or pars interarticularis of the axis vertebra (C2) (or epistropheus). The C2 fracture accounts for nearly 19 percent
Chroniosuchia (619 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
osteoderm is paired with a single vertebra. The osteoderms are flat plates connected to the neural arches of vertebra by an extension of bone on their
Arambourgiania (882 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
cervical vertebra of Quetzalcoatlus. From this again the total neck length was extrapolated at about three metres. From the relatively slender vertebra the
Huaxiaosaurus (599 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The spine consists of 16 cervical vertebra, 20 dorsal vertebra, 10 sacral vertebra and 18 (preserved) tail vertebra. The cervical vertebrae are relatively
Iuticosaurus (418 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
to the fossils as Titanosaurus sp. a, Titanosaurus sp. b being a third vertebra, BMNH 32390. In 1929 Friedrich von Huene named both taxa as full species
Luanchuanraptor (168 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the Henan Geological Museum and includes four teeth, one frontal, a neck vertebra, one or two back vertebrae, seventeen tail vertebrae, ribs, chevrons, a
Apical ligament of dens (125 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
odontoid ligament) is a ligament that spans between the second cervical vertebra in the neck and the skull. It lies as a fibrous cord in the triangular
Michael P. Taylor (135 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Darren Naish and Matt Wedel, he founded the paleontology blog Sauropod Vertebra Picture of the Week, where he blogs as Mike Taylor. He lives in Ruardean
Sanchusaurus (133 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the Early Cretaceous period of Asia. It is only known by a partial tail vertebra, found in Nakasato, Japan. It may be synonymous with Gallimimus; Dong Zhiming
Costotransverse joint (183 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
tubercle of the rib and the adjacent transverse process of a thoracic vertebra. The costotransverse joint is a plane type synovial joint which, under
Antrodemus (425 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
sent his specimen to Joseph Leidy, who identified it as half of a tail vertebra, and tentatively assigned it to the European dinosaur genus Poekilopleuron
Allosaurus (10,323 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
pathologies on five ribs, the sixth neck vertebra the third eighth and thirteenth back vertebrae, the second tail vertebra and its chevron, the gastralia right
Levatores costarum muscles (155 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
each is inserted into the outer surface of the rib immediately below the vertebra from which it takes origin, between the tubercle and the angle (Levatores
Aucasaurus (411 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
lack of fingers. The type skeleton is complete to the thirteenth caudal vertebra, and so is relatively well understood, and is the most complete abelisaurid
Algoasaurus (285 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
type species, A. bauri, was named by Robert Broom in 1904 from a back vertebra, femur and an ungual phalanx. The fossils were recovered in 1903 from a
Interspinales muscles (163 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
consist of six pairs, the first being situated between the axis and third vertebra, and the last between the seventh cervical and the first thoracic. They
Schober's test (185 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the examiner makes a mark approximately at the level of L5 (fifth lumbar vertebra). The examiner then places one finger ~5 cm below this mark, and another
Calamosaurus (548 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
potentially a valid coelurosaurian. In 2002 Paul Turner found a dorsal vertebra near Grange Chine on the Isle of Wight. An associated partial tibia and
Laevisuchus (325 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
cervical vertebrae (GSI K20/613, GSI K20/614 and GSI K27/696) and a dorsal vertebra (GSI K27/588). A holotype was not assigned by Huene and Matley and a lectotype
Chaoyangia (430 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
from a single fossil specimen consisting of a partial skeleton including vertebra, ribs, hips, and upper legs. The specimen (museum catalog number IVPP V9934)
Rib (909 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
homologous with the dorsal ribs of fishes. In the early tetrapods, every vertebra bore a pair of ribs, although those on the thoracic vertebrae are typically
Achillesaurus (229 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Achillesaurus is based on MACN-PV-RN 1116, a partial skeleton including a sacral vertebra, four tail vertebrae, part of the left thighbone, shin and foot, and the
Lumbar branch of iliolumbar artery (49 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
spinal branch through the intervertebral foramen between the last lumbar vertebra and the sacrum, into the vertebral canal to supply the cauda equina.
Qingxiusaurus (127 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
remains: Two humeri, two sternal plates, and the neural spine of a single vertebra. Mo Jin-You; Huang Chuo-Lin; Zhao Zhong-Ru; Wang Wei; Xu Xin (2008)
Sacrovertebral angle (82 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the prominent sacrovertebral angle when articulated with the last lumbar vertebra. It is also known as the "lumbosacral angle". Sacral promontory Pelvic
Utahdactylus (518 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
as including a fragment of the skull, a cervical vertebra, three back vertebrae, and a caudal vertebra, ribs, a scapulacoracoid, and limb bones), Czerkas
Thecospondylus (351 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thecospondylus (THEEK-o-SPON-di-lus, "sheath vertebra") is a dubious genus of dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous of England Dr. A.C. Horner, an amateur
Rectum (1,599 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
junction (the end of the sigmoid colon), at the level of the third sacral vertebra or the sacral promontory depending upon what definition is used. Its caliber
Semispinalis cervicis (104 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
cervicis Section of the neck at about the level of the sixth cervical vertebra. Showing the arrangement of the deep cervical fascia (semispinalis colli
Borealosaurus (166 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
length, with a weight of 10 tonnes. The morphology of a mid-distal caudal vertebra suggests a relationship with the Mongolian titanosaur Opisthocoelicaudia
Dion Scott (175 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
hampered by constant injuries, the first of which came when he damaged his vertebra while training with Sydney at Maroubra beach in 1991. He only managed six
SL (329 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
fish: the length from tip of the snout to the posterior end of the last vertebra Saint Lucia, a Caribbean island The SL postcode area of the United Kingdom
Azhdarchidae (974 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
pterosaurs known primarily from the late Cretaceous Period, though an isolated vertebra apparently from an azhdarchid is known from the early Cretaceous as well
Veterupristisaurus (336 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
known from the holotype specimen MB R 1938, an isolated middle caudal vertebra. Two partially fused posterior middle caudal vertebrae, MB R 2166, from
Pseudoryzomys (3,810 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The first ribs contact both the seventh cervical (neck) vertebra and the first thoracic vertebra, an important character of the Sigmodontinae. Unlike in
Rib cage (2,886 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
with the vertebra above, and the inferior facet articulates with the vertebra of the same number. The transverse process of a thoracic vertebra also articulates
Condyloid fossa (115 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Position of condyloid fossa shown in red. Skull and cervical vertebra. Position of condyloid fossa shown in red. X-ray of cervical spine
Tyrannotitan (554 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(designated MPEF-PV 1157) included jugals, a right dentary, teeth, atlas vertebra, neck vertebra (?) 9, back vertebrae (?)7, 10, 13, fused sacral centra (5 total)
Isanosaurus (512 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
unresolved. The only specimen includes a neck vertebra, a back vertebra and part of a second, six tail vertebra, two chevrons, fragmentary ribs, the right