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alternate case: the Immune

Immune system (11,915 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article

The immune system is a system of many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease. To function properly, an immune
ICD-10 Chapter III: Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs, and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism (1,540 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of the blood and blood-forming organs, and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism. (D50) Iron deficiency anaemia (D50.0) Iron deficiency anaemia
Immunosuppression (592 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
or efficacy of the immune system. Some portions of the immune system itself have immunosuppressive effects on other parts of the immune system, and immunosuppression
Immune disorder (637 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the immune system. These disorders can be characterized in several different ways: By the component(s) of the immune system affected By whether the immune
Immunology (3,320 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the: physiological functioning of the immune system in states of both health and diseases; malfunctions of the immune system in immunological disorders
Immunogenetics (800 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
between the immune system and genetics. Autoimmune diseases, such as type 1 diabetes, are complex genetic traits which result from defects in the immune system
Polyclonal B cell response (5,650 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immune response, parts of pathogens (e.g. bacteria) are recognized by the immune system as foreign (non-self), and eliminated or effectively neutralized
Antibody (10,159 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to identify and neutralize pathogens such as bacteria and viruses
Antigen (2,408 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Each antibody is specifically produced by the immune system to match an antigen after cells in the immune system come into contact with it; this allows
Lymphokine (180 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
lymphocyte. They are protein mediators typically produced by T cells to direct the immune system response by signalling between its cells. Lymphokines have many
Phagocyte (7,974 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
back to its surface. This material is then displayed to other cells of the immune system. Some phagocytes then travel to the body's lymph nodes and display
CD72 (95 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Differentiation 72), also known in murine biology as Lyb-2, is a protein active in the immune system of animals. It consists of two identical halves, each of about
Immunoproliferative disorder (228 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
neoplasms, are disorders of the immune system that are characterized by the abnormal proliferation of the primary cells of the immune system, which includes
Immunostimulant (600 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immunostimulators, are substances (drugs and nutrients) that stimulate the immune system by inducing activation or increasing activity of any of its components
Animal allergy (129 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
response. The immune system normally protects the body against harmful substances such as bacteria and viruses. Allergy occurs when the immune system reacts
Immune receptor (110 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(for example, a cytokine) and causes a response in the immune system. The main receptors in the immune system are pattern recognition receptors (PRRs)
Clonal selection (1,391 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
theory in immunology that explains the functions of cells (lymphocytes) of the immune system in response to specific antigens invading the body. The concept
Adjuvant (1,132 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the effect of other agents. Adjuvants may be added to vaccine to modify the immune response by boosting it such as to give a higher amount of antibodies
Thymosins (579 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thymosins are small proteins present in many animal tissues. They are named thymosins because they were originally isolated from the thymus, but most are
IC3b (104 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is useful for basic research, and in some cases it is possible to get the immune system to attack those cells, thus opening the possibility of new cancer
Drug-induced autoimmune hemolytic anemia (232 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
anemia is a form of hemolytic anemia. In some cases, a drug can cause the immune system to mistakenly think the body's own red blood cells are dangerous
Microbial toxins (467 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
infection and disease by directly damaging host tissues and by disabling the immune system. Some bacterial toxins, such as Botulinum neurotoxins, are the
MYO1F (527 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
that in humans is encoded by the MYO1F gene. It is expressed mainly in the immune system and might be involved in cell adhesion and motility. It is a candidate
Conformational epitope (308 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
that come in direct contact with a receptor of the immune system. An antigen is any substance that the immune system can recognize as foreign. Antigens are
CD96 (211 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
adhesive interactions of activated T and NK cells during the late phase of the immune response. It may also function in antigen presentation. Alternative splicing
Immunoglobulin superfamily (815 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
surface antigen receptors, co-receptors and co-stimulatory molecules of the immune system, molecules involved in antigen presentation to lymphocytes, cell
Mucosal immunology (312 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Mucosal immunology is the study of the portion of the immune system which provides protection to an organism's various mucous membranes from invasion by
Immunopathology (84 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the pathology of an organism, organ system, or disease with respect to the immune system, immunity, and immune responses. It is a subspecialty of clinical
Epitope (873 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antigenic determinant, is the part of an antigen that is recognized by the immune system, specifically by antibodies, B cells, or T cells. For example,
Complement system (3,804 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
article is about an aspect of the immune system. For other uses, see Complement. The complement system is a part of the immune system that enhances (complements)
Parotid lymph nodes (50 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Parotid lymph nodes are lymph nodes found near the parotid gland in the immune system. More specifically, it can refer to: deep parotid lymph nodes superficial
Caspase 5 (100 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
caspase 4 and the murine caspase 4 homolog caspase 11, and has a role in the immune system. The Proteolysis Map Caspase Martinon F, Tschopp J (2007). "Inflammatory
Coeliac disease (11,051 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
prolamins, the enzyme tissue transglutaminase modifies the protein, and the immune system cross-reacts with the small-bowel tissue, causing an inflammatory
Rheumatology (988 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
tissue disorders. Many of these diseases are now known to be disorders of the immune system. Rheumatology is increasingly the study of immunology. One of the
Systems immunology (180 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the immune system in the more integrated perspective on how entities and players participate at different system levels to the immune function. The immune
Antigenic escape (63 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Antigenic escape occurs when the immune system is unable to respond to an infectious agent. Antigenic escape is the end result of Antigenic variation.
Seafood allergy (330 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
found in shellfish, scaly fish, or crustaceans, causes an overreaction of the immune system, which, for millions of people, may lead to severe physical symptoms
Effects of parasitic worms on the immune system (2,177 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The effects of parasitic worms, or helminths, on the immune system is a recently emerging topic of study among immunologists and other biologists. Experiments
CD22 (551 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
speaking, CD22 is a regulatory molecule that prevents the overactivation of the immune system and the development of autoimmune diseases. CD22 is a sugar binding
Protein serine/threonine phosphatase (285 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
also used to manufacture structural proteins and useful to propagate the immune system. Serine and threonine have similar side-chain compositions and
White blood cell (3,026 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
This article is about the cells of the immune system also known as white blood cells. For the album by the band The White Stripes, see White Blood Cells
Pathogenesis (403 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
multiple processes. For example, certain cancers arise from dysfunction of the immune system (skin tumors and lymphoma after a renal transplant, which requires
EGF module-containing mucin-like hormone receptor (361 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
separate gene. These receptors are predominantly expressed in cells of the immune system and bind ligands such as CD55. Baud V, Chissoe SL, Viegas-Péquignot
Cancer vaccine (2,577 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
are destroyed by the healthy immune system; and that cancer forms when the immune system fails to destroy them. One approach to cancer vaccination is
HLA-B (1,624 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
role in the immune system. HLA-B is part of a family of genes called the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) complex. The HLA complex helps the immune system
FOXP3 (2,436 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Regulatory T cells generally turn the immune response down. In cancer, an excess of regulatory T cell activity can prevent the immune system from destroying cancer
William B. Coley Award (458 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and tumor immunology and whose work has deepened our understanding of the immune system's response to disease, including cancer. The first awards were
Niels Kaj Jerne (1,148 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
"for theories concerning the specificity in development and control of the immune system and the discovery of the principle for production of monoclonal
Somatic hypermutation (868 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Somatic hypermutation (or SHM) is a cellular mechanism by which the immune system adapts to the new foreign elements that confront it (e.g. microbes),
Cancer immunotherapy (5,386 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Cancer immunotherapy is the use of the immune system to treat cancer. Immunotherapies are often categorized as active, passive, or combinatory (active
Cancer immunotherapy (5,386 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Cancer immunotherapy is the use of the immune system to treat cancer. Immunotherapies are often categorized as active, passive, or combinatory (active
Cedelizumab (37 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Cedelizumab is a monoclonal antibody acting on the immune system. Possible indications include the prevention of organ transplant rejections and the treatment
Clonal anergy (1,818 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the most extreme example) seem to exploit the immune system's use of tolerance induction to evade the immune system, though the suppression of specific
Keliximab (86 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
monoclonal antibody for the treatment of severe chronic asthma. It suppresses the immune reaction by binding to white blood cells via the protein CD4. The drug
Combined immunodeficiencies (88 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
deficiency) are immunodeficiency disorders that involve multiple components of the immune system, including both humoral immunity and cell-mediated immunity. This
Immunoproteomics (132 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Immunoproteomics is the study of large sets of proteins (proteomics) involved in the immune response. Examples of common applications of immunoproteomics include:
Teneliximab (56 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Teneliximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody binding to the immune stimulatory protein CD40. As of 2009[update], it has not entered clinical trials.
Groin (342 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
there are three to five deep inguinal lymph nodes that play a role in the immune system. These can be swollen due to certain diseases, the most common
Boston's sign (95 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
with Graves-Basedow disease, a type of hyperthyroidism. In this disease, the immune system attacks the thyroid gland and the soft tissues surrounding the
Lymphocytopenia (695 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
blood. Lymphocytes are a white blood cell with important functions in the immune system. The opposite is lymphocytosis, which refers to an excessive level
N-Arachidonylglycine (1,544 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of lipidomics due to its wide range of signaling targets in the brain, the immune system and throughout various other bodily systems. In combination with
Globulin (368 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
solutions. Some globulins are produced in the liver, while others are made by the immune system. Globulins, albumin, and fibrinogen are the major blood proteins
Immunodeficiency (1,078 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Immunodeficiency (or immune deficiency) is a state in which the immune system's ability to fight infectious disease is compromised or entirely absent.
STAT protein (500 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
evidence that STAT proteins are involved in the development and function of the immune system and play a role in maintaining immune tolerance and tumor surveillance
Psychoneuroimmunology (4,160 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
walls of both the brain and the immune system. The discovery that neuropeptides and neurotransmitters act directly upon the immune system shows their close
T helper cell (4,829 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cells (Th cells) are a type of T cell that play an important role in the immune system, particularly in the adaptive immune system. They help the activity
Nomenclature of monoclonal antibodies (2,155 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antibodies. An antibody is a protein that is produced in B cells and used by the immune system of humans and other vertebrate animals to identify a specific foreign
Immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (197 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
repeated twice in the cytoplasmic tails of certain cell surface proteins of the immune system. The motif contains a tyrosine separated from a leucine or isoleucine
Allergic reactions to anaesthesia (188 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
alternatives. This is done weeks after the initial reaction to allow the immune system to reset itself. However, skin testing can be misleading in giving
Immunophysics (21 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Immunophysics is a branch of immunology and physics which studies the physical workings of the immune system. BioMolecular Modeling & Design Laboratory
Mycobacterium obuense (99 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Mycobacterium obuense is immunomodulatory and has been used to direct the immune response in the treatment of cancers - notably pancreatic cancer and malignant
Degranulation (422 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
inside some cells. It is used by several different cells involved in the immune system, including granulocytes (neutrophils, basophils, and eosinophils)
Carbuncle (457 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
lethal. However, the presence of a carbuncle is actually a sign that the immune system is working. The infection is contagious and may spread to other
Immune cycle (1,462 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The immune cycle is a term that describes the natural homeostatic oscillation of the immune system when chronic inflammation is occurring. A bit like
Blocking antibody (129 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Blocking antibodies have been described as a mechanism for HSV-1 to evade the immune system. Neutralizing antibody Binding antibody Blocking Antibodies
Lambert–Eaton myasthenic syndrome (2,368 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Other treatments often used are steroids, azathioprine, which suppress the immune system, intravenous immunoglobulin, which outcompetes autoreactive antibody
Psoriasis (9,627 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
role. Psoriasis is not contagious. The underlying mechanism involves the immune system reacting to skin cells. Diagnosis is typically based on the signs
Baha Al-Dowleh Razi (442 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
describe the diseases whooping cough and syphilis. He also said Tufts on the immune system and allergies, and introduced smallpox vaccination and run it to
Blood proteins (422 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
circulatory system and the regulation of acellular activity and functioning of the immune system. Other blood proteins act as enzymes, complement components, protease
Outline of immunology (2,749 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the study of all aspects of the immune system in all organisms. It deals with the physiological functioning of the immune system in states of both health
Agranulocyte (285 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pathogens to enable their destruction. CD4+ (helper) T cells co-ordinate the immune response (they are what becomes defective in an HIV infection). CD8+ (cytotoxic)
Immune network theory (2,139 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The immune network theory is a theory of how the adaptive immune system works, that has been developed since 1974 mainly by Niels Jerne and Geoffrey W
TLR2 (1,765 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
differentiation 282). TLR2 is one of the toll-like receptors and plays a role in the immune system. TLR2 is a membrane protein, a receptor, which is expressed on
Immune complex (275 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
its own with a specific epitope. After an antigen-antibody reaction, the immune complexes can be subject to any of a number of responses, including complement
Postpartum thyroiditis (813 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Postpartum thyroiditis is believed to result from the modifications to the immune system necessary in pregnancy, and histologically is a subacute lymphocytic
Gerald Edelman (2,739 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Prize in Physiology or Medicine for work with Rodney Robert Porter on the immune system. Edelman's Nobel Prize-winning research concerned discovery of
Immunomics (3,870 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
recently, these technologies have been used to help better understand how the immune system functions and how it is regulated. Two thirds of the genome is
X-linked agammaglobulinemia (1,486 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
complete lack of antibodies in their bloodstream. B cells are part of the immune system and normally manufacture antibodies (called immunoglobulins), which
Caspase 4 (111 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
caspase 1, caspase 5 (and the murine homolog caspase 11), with a role in the immune system. The Proteolysis Map Caspase Martinon F, Tschopp J (2007). "Inflammatory
Biological response modifiers (554 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
therapy often relies on the immune system being used to attack cancer cells) and in treating autoimmune diseases (in which the immune system attacks the self)
T helper 3 cell (460 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
helper cell, lymphocytes involved in regulating the immune response.T helper cells in general mediate the immune response by secreting cytokines and interacting
Autoimmunity (5,054 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to ignore "self", while reacting to "non-self". This breakage leads to the immune system's mounting an effective and specific immune response against self
CCR4 (373 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
play fundamental roles in the development, homeostasis, and function of the immune system, and they have effects on cells of the central nervous system as
Specific granule (192 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Specific granules are secretory vesicles found exclusively in cells of the immune system called granulocytes. It is sometimes described as applying specifically
Mononuclear phagocyte system (368 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
called Reticuloendothelial System or Macrophage System) is a part of the immune system that consists of the phagocytic cells located in reticular connective
Stress (biology) (11,989 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
these changes can be detrimental to the immune system. Much research has shown a negative effect stress has on the immune system, mostly through studies where
List of ICD-9 codes 240–279: endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases, and immunity disorders (1,356 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Hypercarotinemia (278.4) Hypervitaminosis D (279) Disorders involving the immune mechanism (279.0) Deficiency of humoral immunity (279.00) Hypogammaglobulinemia
Receptor (biochemistry) (1,954 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
to the hormone. Main article: Immune receptor The main receptors in the immune system are pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), toll-like receptors (TLRs)
LILRB3 (677 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
thought to control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity to help focus the immune response and limit autoreactivity. Multiple transcript variants encoding
Multiple sclerosis (10,000 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
clear, the underlying mechanism is thought to be either destruction by the immune system or failure of the myelin-producing cells. Proposed causes for this
LILRB3 (677 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
thought to control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity to help focus the immune response and limit autoreactivity. Multiple transcript variants encoding
Multiple sclerosis (10,000 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
clear, the underlying mechanism is thought to be either destruction by the immune system or failure of the myelin-producing cells. Proposed causes for this
Garland Science (204 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Wilson and Tim Hunt), Essential Cell Biology (Bruce Alberts et al.), The Immune System (Peter Parham), Molecular Driving Forces (Ken A. Dill & Sarina
Trypanosomiasis vaccine (338 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
obstacle is variant surface glycoprotein which makes it difficult for the immune system to recognize the infectious organism. Also, Trypanosoma brucei
Artificial immune system (1,521 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
processes of the vertebrate immune system. The algorithms typically exploit the immune system's characteristics of learning and memory to solve a problem.
Cross-reactivity (668 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
creates the immune response will have an epitope on it that stimulates the response. Denaturing the protein may 'disarm' its function but allow the immune system
HIV/AIDS (17,635 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
symptoms. As the infection progresses, it interferes more and more with the immune system, making the person much more susceptible to common infections,
Interferon (5,137 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
for communication between cells to trigger the protective defenses of the immune system that help eradicate pathogens. Interferons are named for their
Glycoprotein (774 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
especially in mammals.[citation needed] Examples of glycoproteins in the immune system are: molecules such as antibodies (immunoglobulins), which interact
Pathophysiology of HIV/AIDS (1,236 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
several HIV gene products and the immune response to ongoing HIV replication. Another cause is the breakdown of the immune surveillance system of the mucosal
Formyl peptide receptor (1,397 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cell response to infection. These receptors may also act to suppress the immune system under certain conditions. The close phylogenetical relation of
Mitumomab (61 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Mitumomab attacks tumour cells, while the vaccine is thought to activate the immune system. As of September 2009[update], the drug is undergoing Phase III
Interleukin-3 receptor (129 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
transmit the signal of interleukin-3, a soluble cytokine important in the immune system. The gene coding for the receptor is located in the pseudoautosomal
Peyer's patch (627 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
establish their importance in the immune surveillance of the intestinal lumen and in facilitating the generation of the immune response within the mucosa
Histocompatibility (413 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
tissues as self-antigens, to which the immune system raises antibodies to recognise, but becomes tolerant to. The immune system at first makes antibodies
Bursa of Fabricius (651 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
later by Max Cooper and Robert Good, is necessary for B cell (part of the immune system) development in birds. Mammals generally do not have an equivalent
Autoantibody (1,559 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
An autoantibody is an antibody (a type of protein) produced by the immune system that is directed against one or more of the individual's own proteins
Meningitis (8,615 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of the immune system to the entry of bacteria into the central nervous system. When components of the bacterial cell membrane are identified by the immune
Proteasome (11,057 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
composition for MHC binding. These proteins whose expression increases during the immune response include the 11S regulatory particle, whose main known biological
Immunologic adjuvant (3,645 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
In immunology, an adjuvant is a component that potentiates the immune responses to an antigen and/or modulates it towards the desired immune responses
Chemoimmunotherapy (60 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immunotherapy uses treatments to stimulate or restore the ability of the immune system to fight cancer. A common chemoimmunotherapy regimen is CHOP combined
Neuroimmunology (2,742 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
neuroscience, the study of the nervous system, and immunology, the study of the immune system. Neuroimmunologists seek to better understand the interactions
Immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (176 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
that is found in the cytoplasmic tails of many inhibitory receptors of the immune system. After ITIM-possessing inhibitory receptors interact with their
Lymphatic system (4,408 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
lymphatic system is part of the circulatory system and a vital part of the immune system, comprising a network of lymphatic vessels that carry a clear fluid
Pattern recognition receptor (2,674 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) are a primitive part of the immune system. They are proteins expressed by cells of the innate immune system to identify
AN2728 (219 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(IL-12), IL-23 and other cytokines, proteins believed to be involved in the immune response and inflammation. As of 2015 Anacor was conducting a Phase 3
NLRC3 (130 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
domain containing 3, is an intracellular protein that plays a role in the immune system. It was previously known as nucleotide-binding oligomerization
Tildrakizumab (231 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
block interleukin-23, a cytokine that plays an important role in managing the immune system and autoimmune disease. Originally developed by Schering-Plough
Guselkumab (163 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Interleukin 23 is a cytokine that plays an important role in managing the immune system and autoimmune disease. This drug was developed by Janssen Global
PD-L1 (1,810 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
protein that has been speculated to play a major role in suppressing the immune system during particular events such as pregnancy, tissue allografts,
Humoral immunity (1,308 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
components that form the immune system, including their function and interaction, is the central science of immunology. The immune system is divided into
Vaccine therapy (62 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of treatment that uses a substance or group of substances to stimulate the immune system to destroy a tumor or infectious microorganisms such as bacteria
Baruj Benacerraf (1,232 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
complex genes which encode cell surface protein molecules important for the immune system's distinction between self and non-self". His colleagues and shared
Type IV hypersensitivity (321 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
further inducing the release of other Th1 cytokines, thus mediating the immune response. Activated CD8+ T cells destroy target cells on contact, whereas
Chronic stress (1,097 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
disease), damage to muscle tissue, inhibition of growth, suppression of the immune system, and damage to mental health. Animals exposed to distressing
NFAT (708 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
One or more members of the NFAT family is expressed in most cells of the immune system. NFAT is also involved in the development of cardiac, skeletal
Dead Island: Riptide (1,959 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
her. When the immune find a boat, they are greeted by Serpo again; he freely admits to orchestrating the outbreaks, but offers the immune medical help
Complement component 3 (900 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Complement component 3, often simply called C3, is a protein of the immune system. It plays a central role in the complement system and contributes to
Momin Prohod (395 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
prognosis of the scientists about the favourable influence of the water on the immune reactivity of human organism and its strengthened resistance to ray injuries
Linear epitope (315 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
three-dimensional shape and its protein structure. An antigen is any substance that the immune system can recognize as being foreign and which provokes an immune response
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (3,388 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
aspergillosis (ABPA) is a condition characterised by an exaggerated response of the immune system (a hypersensitivity response) to the fungus Aspergillus (most commonly
Bacteremia (790 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
during intravenous drug abuse). Bacteremia can have several consequences. The immune response to the bacteria can cause sepsis and septic shock, which has
Booster dose (524 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The need for a booster dose is evaluated in several ways, including the immune response after a booster dose is administered, active B and T cell activity
XBP1 (1,121 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
regulates the expression of genes important to the proper functioning of the immune system and in the cellular stress response. The X-box binding protein
Autologous lymphocyte (45 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to a person's white blood cells. Lymphocytes have a number of roles in the immune system, including the production of antibodies and other substances that
Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics (809 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
study of epigenetics. The researchers of the MPI study the development of the immune system and analyse the genes and molecules which are important for its
Exotoxin (1,471 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antibodies produced by the immune system, but many exotoxins are so toxic that they may be fatal to the host before the immune system has a chance to
CTLA-4 (2,824 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
protein receptor that, functioning as an immune checkpoint, downregulates the immune system. CTLA4 is found on the surface of T cells, and acts as an "off"
Ancylostoma tubaeforme (62 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Ancylostoma braziliense are the two most common hookworms to infect cats, causing anemia and also compromising the immune system. additional information
Type II hypersensitivity (324 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
hypersensitivity (or cytotoxic hypersensitivity) the antibodies produced by the immune response bind to antigens on the patient's own cell surfaces. The antigens
Type II hypersensitivity (324 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
hypersensitivity (or cytotoxic hypersensitivity) the antibodies produced by the immune response bind to antigens on the patient's own cell surfaces. The antigens
Immunotoxicology (183 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immune dysfunction resulting from exposure of an organism to a xenobiotic. The immune dysfunction may take the form of immunosuppression or alternatively, allergy
Antigenic drift (1,223 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Antigenic drift occurs in both influenza A and influenza B viruses. The immune system recognizes viruses when antigens on the surfaces of virus particles
Retinal pigment epithelium (1,171 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immune privileged space which is disconnected from the immune system of the blood stream. The immune privilege is supported by the RPE in two ways. First
HIV (10,768 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(AIDS). AIDS is a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to
Complement membrane attack complex (880 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pathway of the complement system, and it is one of the effector proteins of the immune system. The membrane-attack complex (MAC) forms transmembrane channels
Chromosome 6 (human) (1,075 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
Histocompatibility Complex, which contains over 100 genes related to the immune response, and plays a vital role in organ transplantation. Identifying
Monocytosis (186 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
white blood cells that give rise to macrophages and dendritic cells in the immune system. In humans, 950/μL[dubious – discuss] is regarded as at the upper
Journal of Neuroimmunology (83 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
1981 which focuses on the relationship between the nervous system and the immune system. The editor-in-chief is Michael Racke (Ohio State University College
Immunologic activation (87 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
activation is the transition of leucocytes and other cell types involved in the immune system. On the other hand, deactivation is the transition in the reverse
Lingual tonsils (680 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
tongue. They are composed of lymphatic tissue that functions to assist the immune system in the production of antibodies in response to invading bacteria
HCG pregnancy strip test (235 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
production that is critical for a pregnancy in humans; it also affects the immune tolerance of the pregnancy. . hCG is excreted in the urine of pregnant
Glycopeptide (1,117 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
constructs have been showed to play important roles in fertilization, the immune system, brain development, the endocrine system and inflammation. The
Osteoimmunology (811 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
years ago that studies the interface between the skeletal system and the immune system, comprising the “osteo-immune system”. Osteoimmunology also studies
Immune tolerance (4,733 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
tolerance or immunological tolerance describes a state of unresponsiveness of the immune system to substances or tissue that have the capacity to elicit an immune
Programmed cell death 1 (3,331 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
functioning as an immune checkpoint, plays an important role in down regulating the immune system by preventing the activation of T-cells, which in turn reduces
Oligosaccharide (1,650 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and cell binding. For example, glycolipids have an important role in the immune response. In general, they are found either N- or O-linked to compatible
Complement deficiency (424 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
susceptibility to infections.[citation needed] Because there are redundancies in the immune system, many complement disorders are never diagnosed. A recent study
Rolf M. Zinkernagel (432 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1996 for the discovery of how the immune system recognizes virus-infected cells. Zinkernagel received his MD
Virus (16,530 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
highly effective at neutralizing viruses but is produced by the cells of the immune system only for a few weeks. The second, called IgG, is produced indefinitely
Phosphorylcholine (740 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to the external aqueous phase, and thus accessible for recognition by the immune system. Antibodies against phosphorylcholine are naturally occurring autoantibodies
Robert D. Schreiber (773 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
understanding of how the immune system interacts with cancer. His work on the cancer immunoediting hypothesis has helped reveal that the immune system is not
Dendritic cell (3,050 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antigen material and present it on the cell surface to the T cells of the immune system. They act as messengers between the innate and the adaptive immune
Immunochemistry (129 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
involves the study of the molecular mechanisms underlying the function of the immune system, especially the nature of antibodies, antigens and their interactions
Banna virus (969 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
so treatment is aimed at alleviating the severity of symptoms until the immune system has cleared the infection. BAV is a small (72–75 nm in size)
Soy allergy (732 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
hypersensitivity to dietary substances from soy causing an overreaction of the immune system which may lead to severe physical symptoms for millions of people
Human pathogen (978 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
mainly the responsibility of the immune system with help by some of the body's normal flora and fauna. However, if the immune system or "good" microbiota
CD11a (1,105 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
polypeptide), also known as ITGAL, is a human gene which functions in the immune system. It is involved in cellular adhesion and costimulatory signaling
Transmembrane activator and CAML interactor (1,397 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
predominantly on the surface of B cells, which are an important part of the immune system. TACI recognizes three ligands: APRIL, BAFF and CAML. TACI is
Vaccination (4,406 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
in an effort to protect against infectious disease, works by 'priming' the immune system with an 'immunogen'. Stimulating immune responses with an infectious
Artery (1,811 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
maintenance of optimum pH, and the circulation of proteins and cells of the immune system. In developed countries, the two leading causes of death, myocardial
Killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (252 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(KIRs), are a family of cell surface proteins found on important cells of the immune system called natural killer (NK) cells. They regulate the killing function
Innate immune system (4,543 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Main article: Inflammation Inflammation is one of the first responses of the immune system to infection or irritation. Inflammation is stimulated by chemical
HLA-DQB1 (606 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
DQ heterodimer, a cell surface receptor essential to the function of the immune system. HLA-DQB1 belongs to the HLA class II beta chain paralogues.
Etiocholanolone (252 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
function, bone marrow performance, and in neoplastic disease to stimulate the immune system. Etiocholanolone is also known to be an inhibitory androstane neurosteroid
Acute myeloid dendritic cell leukemia (485 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
process antigen material and present it on the surface to other cells of the immune system. Dendritic cells develop from progenitors in the bone marrow and
Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (701 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
mechanism of cell-mediated immune defense whereby an effector cell of the immune system actively lyses a target cell, whose membrane-surface antigens have
Pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (404 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
varioliformis acuta", and "parapsoriasis varioliformis") is a disease of the immune system. It is the more severe version of pityriasis lichenoides chronica
Adaptive immune system (5,342 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
effective manipulation of the immune system that scientists have developed. Immunizations are successful because they utilize the immune system's natural specificity
JAK-STAT signaling pathway (692 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
expressed in white blood cells, and are therefore involved in regulation of the immune system.[citation needed] The receptor is activated by a signal from interferon
Margaret L. Kripke (107 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
photoimmunology the study of how ultraviolet light can alter the function of the immune system. She is an expert in the immunology of skin cancers. Kripke earned
Allergy (9,365 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to something in the environment that usually causes little problem
Abagovomab (790 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
bind directly to CA-125, but it works as a "surrogate" antigen, enabling the immune system to identify and attack tumour cells displaying the CA-125 protein
Endemic (epidemiology) (404 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
transmitted actually being susceptible to it, effectively discounting the immune sector of the population. For the disease to be in an endemic steady state:
Kynurenine (1,080 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
including dilating blood vessels during inflammation and regulating the immune response. Some cancers increase kynurenine production, which increases
Malignant histiocytosis (755 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
central nervous system can also be affected. Histiocytes are a component of the immune system that proliferate abnormally in this disease. In addition to its
Safety pharmacology (249 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
range and above. In particular, for the medicinal products targeting the immune system, the potential unintended effects should be investigated, e.g.
KIR3DL1 (1,010 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. Cluster of differentiation Colonna M, Samaridis J (May 1995)
LILRB4 (1,084 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
thought to control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity to help focus the immune response and limit autoreactivity. Multiple transcript variants encoding
LILRB2 (1,169 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
thought to control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity to help focus the immune response and limit autoreactivity. Multiple transcript variants encoding