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Longer titles found: ICD-10 Chapter III: Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs, and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism (view), Effects of parasitic worms on the immune system (view)

searching for The Immune 533 found (3147 total)

alternate case: the Immune

Immune system (12,014 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article

The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease. To function
Immunology (3,415 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the: physiological functioning of the immune system in states of both health and diseases; malfunctions of the immune system in immunological disorders
Hypogammaglobulinemia (218 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
-emia). This entails that not enough antibodies exist, which impairs the immune system. Hypogammaglobulinemia is a characteristic of common variable immunodeficiency
Antigen (2,413 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Each antibody is specifically produced by the immune system to match an antigen after cells in the immune system come into contact with it; this allows
Immunosuppression (669 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
or efficacy of the immune system. Some portions of the immune system itself have immunosuppressive effects on other parts of the immune system, and immunosuppression
White blood cell (2,965 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
This article is about the cells of the immune system also known as white blood cells. For the album by the band The White Stripes, see White Blood Cells
Thymosin (579 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thymosins are small proteins present in many animal tissues. They are named thymosins because they were originally isolated from the thymus, but most are
Immunogenetics (721 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
between the immune system and genetics. Autoimmune diseases, such as type 1 diabetes, are complex genetic traits which result from defects in the immune system
Inactivated vaccine (436 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
vaccines are produced by purifying out the antigens that best stimulate the immune system to mount a response to the virus, while removing other components
Adjuvant (1,055 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
effect of other agents. Adjuvants may be added to a vaccine to modify the immune response by boosting it such as to give a higher amount of antibodies
Immunostimulant (604 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immunostimulators, are substances (drugs and nutrients) that stimulate the immune system by inducing activation or increasing activity of any of its components
Clonal selection (1,395 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
theory in immunology that explains the functions of cells (lymphocytes) of the immune system in response to specific antigens invading the body. The concept
T helper cell (5,443 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cells (Th cells) are a type of T cell that play an important role in the immune system, particularly in the adaptive immune system. They help the activity
Rheumatology (961 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
tissue disorders. Many of these diseases are now known to be disorders of the immune system. Rheumatology is increasingly the study of immunology. One of the
Hypersensitivity (354 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and autoimmunity. They are usually referred to as an over- reaction of the immune system and these reactions may be damaging, uncomfortable, or occasionally
Lymphokine (180 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
lymphocyte. They are protein mediators typically produced by T cells to direct the immune system response by signaling between its cells. Lymphokines have many
Immune complex (263 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
its own with a specific epitope. After an antigen-antibody reaction, the immune complexes can be subject to any of a number of responses, including complement
Autoimmune disease (2,222 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to becoming active within the immune system, placed into a state of anergy (silently removed from their role within the immune system due to over-activation)
Antibody (10,419 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as bacteria and viruses. The antibody
Complement system (3,997 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
article is about an aspect of the immune system. For other uses, see Complement. The complement system is a part of the immune system that enhances (complements)
Immunoglobulin superfamily (829 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
surface antigen receptors, co-receptors and co-stimulatory molecules of the immune system, molecules involved in antigen presentation to lymphocytes, cell
CD72 (95 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Differentiation 72), also known in murine biology as Lyb-2, is a protein active in the immune system of animals. It consists of two identical halves, each of about
Cancer vaccine (1,942 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cancerous cells routinely arise and are destroyed by the immune system; and that tumors form when the immune system fails to destroy them. Some types of cancer
Dendritic cell (3,014 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
This article is about the immune cell. For component of the neuron, see dendrite. Dendritic cells (DCs) are antigen-presenting cells (also known as accessory
Groin (347 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
there are three to five deep inguinal lymph nodes that play a role in the immune system. These can be swollen due to certain diseases, the most common
Lymph node (2,113 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
node is an ovoid or kidney-shaped organ of the lymphatic system, and of the immune system, that is widely present throughout the body. They are linked by
Niels Kaj Jerne (1,148 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
"for theories concerning the specificity in development and control of the immune system and the discovery of the principle for production of monoclonal
EGF module-containing mucin-like hormone receptor (361 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
separate gene. These receptors are predominantly expressed in cells of the immune system and bind ligands such as CD55. Baud V, Chissoe SL, Viegas-Péquignot
Cancer immunotherapy (6,200 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Cancer immunotherapy is the use of the immune system to treat cancer. Immunotherapies can be categorized as active, passive or hybrid (active and passive)
Epitope (1,042 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antigenic determinant, is the part of an antigen that is recognized by the immune system, specifically by antibodies, B cells, or T cells. For example,
Polyclonal B cell response (5,660 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immune response, parts of pathogens (e.g. bacteria) are recognized by the immune system as foreign (non-self), and eliminated or effectively neutralized
Immune receptor (110 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(for example, a cytokine) and causes a response in the immune system. The main receptors in the immune system are pattern recognition receptors (PRRs)
N-Arachidonylglycine (1,427 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of lipidomics due to its wide range of signaling targets in the brain, the immune system and throughout various other bodily systems. In combination with
Clonal anergy (1,812 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the most extreme example) seem to exploit the immune system's use of tolerance induction to evade the immune system, though the suppression of specific
MYO1F (533 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
that in humans is encoded by the MYO1F gene. It is expressed mainly in the immune system and might be involved in cell adhesion and motility. It is a candidate
Microbial toxin (467 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
infection and disease by directly damaging host tissues and by disabling the immune system. Some bacterial toxins, such as Botulinum neurotoxins, are the
CD22 (539 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
speaking, CD22 is a regulatory molecule that prevents the overactivation of the immune system and the development of autoimmune diseases. CD22 is a sugar binding
Somatic hypermutation (893 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Somatic hypermutation (or SHM) is a cellular mechanism by which the immune system adapts to the new foreign elements that confront it (e.g. microbes),
Trypanosomiasis vaccine (337 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
obstacle is variant surface glycoprotein which makes it difficult for the immune system to recognize the infectious organism. Also, Trypanosoma brucei
Psychoneuroimmunology (4,167 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
walls of both the brain and the immune system. The discovery that neuropeptides and neurotransmitters act directly upon the immune system shows their close
Lymphocytopenia (758 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
blood. Lymphocytes are a white blood cell with important functions in the immune system. The opposite is lymphocytosis, which refers to an excessive level
Viral envelope (228 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
possess great adaptability and can change in a short time in order to evade the immune system. Enveloped viruses can cause persistent infections. Classes of
X-linked agammaglobulinemia (1,696 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
globulins, including antibodies, in their bloodstream. B cells are part of the immune system and normally manufacture antibodies (also called immunoglobulins)
TLR2 (1,859 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
differentiation 282). TLR2 is one of the toll-like receptors and plays a role in the immune system. TLR2 is a membrane protein, a receptor, which is expressed on
Autoimmunity (5,097 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to ignore "self", while reacting to "non-self". This breakage leads to the immune system's mounting an effective and specific immune response against self
Humoral immunity (1,323 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
components that form the immune system, including their function and interaction, is the central science of immunology. The immune system is divided into
Humoral immunity (1,323 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
components that form the immune system, including their function and interaction, is the central science of immunology. The immune system is divided into
Globulin (387 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
solutions. Some globulins are produced in the liver, while others are made by the immune system. Globulins, albumin, and fibrinogen are the major blood proteins
Immunization (1,015 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
itself: this is called active immunization. The most important elements of the immune system that are improved by immunization are the T cells, B cells, and
Gerald Edelman (2,746 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Prize in Physiology or Medicine for work with Rodney Robert Porter on the immune system. Edelman's Nobel Prize-winning research concerned discovery of
CD96 (205 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
adhesive interactions of activated T and NK cells during the late phase of the immune response. It may also function in antigen presentation. Alternative splicing
PD-L1 (1,794 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
protein that has been speculated to play a major role in suppressing the immune system during particular events such as pregnancy, tissue allografts,
Pathology (6,184 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
complication with the immune system is Immunodeficiency, where the immune system lacks the ability to fight off a certain disease. The immune system’s ability
Immune response (302 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
. It is most expressed in the level of circulating serum antibodies. The immune respons can be transferred via serum antibodies introduction from sensitised
HLA-B (1,802 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
role in the immune system. HLA-B is part of a family of genes called the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) complex. The HLA complex helps the immune system
Immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (176 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
that is found in the cytoplasmic tails of many inhibitory receptors of the immune system. After ITIM-possessing inhibitory receptors interact with their
Exotoxin (1,498 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antibodies produced by the immune system, but many exotoxins are so toxic that they may be fatal to the host before the immune system has a chance to
Pattern recognition receptor (2,713 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) are a primitive part of the immune system. They are proteins expressed by cells of the innate immune system to identify
Neuroimmune system (2,750 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
composed primarily of glial cells; among all the hematopoietic cells of the immune system, only mast cells are normally present in the neuroimmune system
Teneliximab (56 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Teneliximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody binding to the immune stimulatory protein CD40. As of 2009[update], it has not entered clinical trials.
Postpartum thyroiditis (812 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Postpartum thyroiditis is believed to result from the modifications to the immune system necessary in pregnancy, and histologically is a subacute lymphocytic
Formyl peptide receptor (1,397 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cell response to infection. These receptors may also act to suppress the immune system under certain conditions. The close phylogenetical relation of
Immunoproteomics (779 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Immunoproteomics is the study of large sets of proteins (proteomics) involved in the immune response. Examples of common applications of immunoproteomics include:
Immunopathology (59 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the pathology of an organism, organ system, or disease with respect to the immune system, immunity, and immune responses. In biology, it refers to damage
Hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis (5,225 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
reactions to stress and regulates many body processes, including digestion, the immune system, mood and emotions, sexuality, and energy storage and expenditure
Immunologic adjuvant (2,494 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
In immunology, an adjuvant is a component that potentiates the immune responses to an antigen and/or modulates it towards the desired immune responses
Keliximab (86 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
monoclonal antibody for the treatment of severe chronic asthma. It suppresses the immune reaction by binding to white blood cells via the protein CD4. The drug
Mononuclear phagocyte system (406 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
as the reticuloendothelial system or macrophage system) is a part of the immune system that consists of the phagocytic cells located in reticular connective
Autoantibody (1,553 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
An autoantibody is an antibody (a type of protein) produced by the immune system that is directed against one or more of the individual's own proteins
Abagovomab (790 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
bind directly to CA-125, but it works as a "surrogate" antigen, enabling the immune system to identify and attack tumour cells displaying the CA-125 protein
Cedelizumab (37 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Cedelizumab is a monoclonal antibody acting on the immune system. Possible indications include the prevention of organ transplant rejections and the treatment
Innate immune system (4,598 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Main article: Inflammation Inflammation is one of the first responses of the immune system to infection or irritation. Inflammation is stimulated by chemical
Cell-mediated immunity (309 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
release of various cytokines in response to an antigen. Historically, the immune system was separated into two branches: humoral immunity, for which the
Adaptive immune system (5,353 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
effective manipulation of the immune system that scientists have developed. Immunizations are successful because they utilize the immune system's natural specificity
Cross-reactivity (741 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
creates the immune response will have an epitope on it that stimulates the response. Denaturing the protein may 'disarm' its function but allow the immune system
Parotid lymph nodes (50 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Parotid lymph nodes are lymph nodes found near the parotid gland in the immune system. More specifically, it can refer to: deep parotid lymph nodes superficial
Protein serine/threonine phosphatase (290 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
also used to manufacture structural proteins and useful to propagate the immune system. Serine and threonine have similar side-chain compositions and
Degranulation (431 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
inside some cells. It is used by several different cells involved in the immune system, including granulocytes (neutrophils, basophils, and eosinophils)
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (3,362 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
aspergillosis (ABPA) is a condition characterised by an exaggerated response of the immune system (a hypersensitivity response) to the fungus Aspergillus (most commonly
CCR4 (395 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
play fundamental roles in the development, homeostasis, and function of the immune system, and they have effects on cells of the central nervous system as
Immune tolerance (4,784 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immunological tolerance, or immunotolerance, is a state of unresponsiveness of the immune system to substances or tissue that have the capacity to elicit an immune
Dead Island: Riptide (1,977 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
her. When the immune find a boat, they are greeted by Serpo again; he freely admits to orchestrating the outbreaks, but offers the immune medical help
Neuroimmunology (2,744 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
neuroscience, the study of the nervous system, and immunology, the study of the immune system. Neuroimmunologists seek to better understand the interactions
Chronic stress (858 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
disease), damage to muscle tissue, inhibition of growth, suppression of the immune system, and damage to mental health. Hans Selye (1907–1982), known as
Immune network theory (2,271 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The immune network theory is a theory of how the adaptive immune system works, that has been developed since 1974 mainly by Niels Jerne and Geoffrey W
Immunomics (3,886 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
recently, these technologies have been used to help better understand how the immune system functions and how it is regulated. Two thirds of the genome is
Agranulocyte (289 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pathogens to enable their destruction. CD4+ (helper) T cells co-ordinate the immune response (they are what becomes defective in an HIV infection). CD8+ (cytotoxic)
Phagocyte (8,177 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
back to its surface. This material is then displayed to other cells of the immune system. Some phagocytes then travel to the body's lymph nodes and display
Interferon (5,161 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
for communication between cells to trigger the protective defenses of the immune system that help eradicate pathogens. Interferons are named for their
Mycobacterium obuense (110 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Mycobacterium obuense is immunomodulatory and has been used to direct the immune response in the treatment of cancers - notably pancreatic cancer and malignant
Baruj Benacerraf (1,270 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
complex genes which encode cell surface protein molecules important for the immune system's distinction between self and non-self". His colleagues and shared
Type II hypersensitivity (324 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
hypersensitivity (or cytotoxic hypersensitivity) the antibodies produced by the immune response bind to antigens on the patient's own cell surfaces. The antigens
Neuropilin (535 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
multiple signalling pathways, such as axon guidance and angiogenesis, the immune response and remyelination. Neuropilin-1 is a therapeutic target protein
Interleukin-3 receptor (194 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
transmit the signal of interleukin-3, a soluble cytokine important in the immune system. The gene coding for the receptor is located in the pseudoautosomal
Baruj Benacerraf (1,270 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
complex genes which encode cell surface protein molecules important for the immune system's distinction between self and non-self". His colleagues and shared
LILRB3 (683 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
thought to control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity to help focus the immune response and limit autoreactivity. Multiple transcript variants encoding
Sialoadhesin (421 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is a cell adhesion molecule found on the surface of certain cells of the immune system called macrophages. It is found in especially high amounts on macrophages
Garland Science (204 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Wilson and Tim Hunt), Essential Cell Biology (Bruce Alberts et al.), The Immune System (Peter Parham), Molecular Driving Forces (Ken A. Dill & Sarina
Receptor (biochemistry) (2,010 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
to the hormone. Main article: Immune receptor The main receptors in the immune system are pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), toll-like receptors (TLRs)
Retinal pigment epithelium (1,174 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immune privileged space which is disconnected from the immune system of the blood stream. The immune privilege is supported by the RPE in two ways. First
Immunoglobulin A (2,095 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
also referred to as sIgA) is an antibody that plays a crucial role in the immune function of mucous membranes. The amount of IgA produced in association
Thymus (4,181 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(disambiguation). The thymus is a specialized primary lymphoid organ of the immune system. Within the thymus, T cells or T lymphocytes mature. T cells are
Type IV hypersensitivity (344 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
inducing the further release of other Th1 cytokines, thus mediating the immune response. Activated CD8+ T cells destroy target cells on contact, whereas
Psoriasis (10,325 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
role. Psoriasis is not contagious. The underlying mechanism involves the immune system reacting to skin cells. Diagnosis is typically based on the signs
Mitumomab (294 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Mitumomab attacks tumour cells, while the vaccine is thought to activate the immune system. It was developed by ImClone and Merck. The first phase III clinical
Carbuncle (465 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
lethal. However, the presence of a carbuncle is actually a sign that the immune system is active and fighting the infection responsible for the carbuncle
Artificial immune system (1,533 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
vertebrate immune system. The algorithms are typically modeled after the immune system's characteristics of learning and memory for use in problem-solving
Rolf M. Zinkernagel (440 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1996 for the discovery of how the immune system recognizes virus-infected cells. Zinkernagel received his MD
Lymphatic system (4,816 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
lymphatic system is part of the circulatory system and a vital part of the immune system, comprising a network of lymphatic vessels that carry a clear fluid
Immunotherapy (3,403 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
article: Cancer immunotherapy Cancer immunotherapy attempts to stimulate the immune system to destroy tumors. A variety of strategies are in use or are undergoing
William B. Coley Award (489 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and tumor immunology and whose work has deepened our understanding of the immune system's response to disease, including cancer. The first awards were
Peripheral tolerance (1,294 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immunological tolerance which takes place after central tolerance, in the immune periphery (after T and B cells egress from primary lymphoid organs). Its
IC3b (104 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is useful for basic research, and in some cases it is possible to get the immune system to attack those cells, thus opening the possibility of new cancer
Immunosuppressive drug (2,749 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antirejection medications are drugs that inhibit or prevent activity of the immune system. They are used in immunosuppressive therapy to: Prevent the rejection
Combined immunodeficiencies (88 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
deficiency) are immunodeficiency disorders that involve multiple components of the immune system, including both humoral immunity and cell-mediated immunity. This
T helper 3 cell (460 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
helper cell, lymphocytes involved in regulating the immune response.T helper cells in general mediate the immune response by secreting cytokines and interacting
Nivolumab (1,685 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
prevented activated T cells from attacking the cancer, thus allowing the immune system to clear the cancer. It was discovered at Medarex, developed by
Stress (biology) (11,981 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
these changes can be detrimental to the immune system. Much research has shown a negative effect stress has on the immune system, mostly through studies where
Oligosaccharide (1,676 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and cell binding. For example, glycolipids have an important role in the immune response. In general, they are found either N- or O-linked to compatible
Tildrakizumab (296 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
block interleukin-23, a cytokine that plays an important role in managing the immune system and autoimmune disease. Originally developed by Schering-Plough
Regulatory T cell (4,392 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
as suppressor T cells, are a subpopulation of T cells which modulate the immune system, maintain tolerance to self-antigens, and prevent autoimmune disease
Necroptosis (1,404 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
use in certain circumstances, such as aiding targeting of pathogens by the immune system. Necroptosis is well defined as a viral defense mechanism, allowing
Antigenic drift (1,238 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Antigenic drift occurs in both influenza A and influenza B viruses. The immune system recognizes viruses when antigens on the surfaces of virus particles
Boston's sign (95 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
with Graves-Basedow disease, a type of hyperthyroidism. In this disease, the immune system attacks the thyroid gland and the soft tissues surrounding the
Guselkumab (262 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Interleukin 23 is a cytokine that plays an important role in managing the immune system and autoimmune disease. This drug was developed by Janssen Global
Hypobromite (463 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
a germicide and antiparasitic in both industrial applications, and in the immune system. Bromine is added to an aqueous hydroxide (such as sodium or
Peyer's patch (1,042 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
establish their importance in the immune surveillance of the intestinal lumen and in facilitating the generation of the immune response within the mucosa
Programmed cell death protein 1 (3,471 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
functioning as an immune checkpoint, plays an important role in down regulating the immune system by preventing the activation of T-cells, which in turn reduces
NFAT (708 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
One or more members of the NFAT family is expressed in most cells of the immune system. NFAT is also involved in the development of cardiac, skeletal
Cytokine (3,145 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of cell. They act through receptors, and are especially important in the immune system; cytokines modulate the balance between humoral and cell-based
Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics (784 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
epigenetics. The researchers of the institute study the development of the immune system and analyse the genes and molecules which are important for its
Eosinophilic esophagitis (912 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of removal of known or suspected triggers and medication to suppress the immune response. In severe cases, it may be necessary to stretch the esophagus
Caspase 4 (111 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
caspase 1, caspase 5 (and the murine homolog caspase 11), with a role in the immune system. The Proteolysis Map Caspase Martinon F, Tschopp J (2007). "Inflammatory
Superantigen (3,127 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pathogenic viruses and bacteria most likely as a defense mechanism against the immune system. Compared to a normal antigen-induced T-cell response where 0.0001-0
STAT protein (502 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
evidence that STAT proteins are involved in the development and function of the immune system and play a role in maintaining immune tolerance and tumor surveillance
Pembrolizumab (1,839 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immunotherapy. It destroys a protective mechanism on cancer cells, and allows the immune system to destroy those cancer cells. It targets the programmed cell death
Complement component 3 (998 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Complement component 3, often simply called C3, is a protein of the immune system. It plays a central role in the complement system and contributes to
Opsonin (1,233 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
phagocytosis via signal cascades from cell surface receptors. Opsonins aid the immune system in a number of ways. In a healthy individual, they mark dead and
Pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (404 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
varioliformis acuta", and "parapsoriasis varioliformis") is a disease of the immune system. It is the more severe version of pityriasis lichenoides chronica
Glucocorticoid (4,624 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
synonym is glucocorticosteroid. GCs are part of the feedback mechanism in the immune system which reduces certain aspects of immune function, such as reduction
5-Androstenediol (625 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
related compound, Δ4-androstenediol, and has been found to stimulate the immune system. When administered to rats, Δ5-diol, in vivo, has approximately
Endemic (epidemiology) (414 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
transmitted actually being susceptible to it, effectively discounting the immune sector of the population. For the disease to be in an endemic steady state:
Pathophysiology of HIV/AIDS (1,808 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
several HIV gene products and the immune response to ongoing HIV replication. Another cause is the breakdown of the immune surveillance system of the mucosal
Glucocorticoid (4,624 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
synonym is glucocorticosteroid. GCs are part of the feedback mechanism in the immune system which reduces certain aspects of immune function, such as reduction
Linear epitope (312 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
three-dimensional shape and its protein structure. An antigen is any substance that the immune system can recognize as being foreign and which provokes an immune response
Artery (1,806 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
maintenance of optimum pH, and the circulation of proteins and cells of the immune system. In developed countries, the two leading causes of death, myocardial
Interleukin 2 (2,014 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is an interleukin, a type of cytokine signaling molecule in the immune system. It is a protein that regulates the activities of white blood cells
Glycopeptide (1,228 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
constructs have been shown to play important roles in fertilization, the immune system, brain development, the endocrine system and inflammation. The
Chromosome 6 (human) (1,162 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
Histocompatibility Complex, which contains over 100 genes related to the immune response, and plays a vital role in organ transplantation. Identifying
Complement membrane attack complex (968 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pathway of the complement system, and it is one of the effector proteins of the immune system. The membrane-attack complex (MAC) forms transmembrane channels
Doreen Cantrell (279 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
development and activation T lymphocytes, which are key to the understanding the immune response. Cantrell received her bachelor's degree in Zoology in 1979
Phosphorylcholine (689 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to the external aqueous phase, and thus accessible for recognition by the immune system. Antibodies against phosphorylcholine are naturally occurring autoantibodies
Innerstate (387 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
on the "inner states" of three adults living with chronic diseases of the immune system: psoriasis, Crohn's disease, and rheumatoid arthritis. The film
Human leukocyte antigen (5,121 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
humans. These cell-surface proteins are responsible for the regulation of the immune system in humans. The HLA gene complex resides on a 3 Mbp stretch within
Phlegm (1,470 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Its composition varies depending on climate, genetics, and state of the immune system. Its color can vary from transparent to pale or dark yellow and
Immune privilege (2,719 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
are normally recognised as foreign antigen by the body and attacked by the immune system. However, in immune privileged sites, tissue grafts can survive
Biological response modifiers (488 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
therapy often relies on the immune system being used to attack cancer cells) and in treating autoimmune diseases (in which the immune system attacks the self)
Soy allergy (683 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
hypersensitivity to dietary substances from soy causing an overreaction of the immune system which may lead to severe physical symptoms for millions of people
B cell (3,180 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
This article is about the immune system cell. For the electrical cell, see Battery (vacuum tube). B cells, also known as B lymphocytes, are a type
Mepolizumab (512 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
It recognizes and blocks interleukin-5 (IL-5), a signalling protein of the immune system. Mepolizumab is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Hangover (4,900 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
known to be involved including acetaldehyde accumulation, changes in the immune system and glucose metabolism, dehydration, metabolic acidosis, disturbed
Banna virus (969 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
so treatment is aimed at alleviating the severity of symptoms until the immune system has cleared the infection. BAV is a small (72–75 nm in size)
Lipid A (1,004 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
infection. Many of the immune activating abilities of LPS can be attributed to the lipid A unit. It is a very potent stimulant of the immune system, activating
Johnny Torrio (1,873 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1882 – April 16, 1957), also known as "Papa Johnny", "The Fox" and "The Immune", was an Italian-American mobster who helped build the criminal empire
Fc receptor (3,384 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
platelets, and mast cells – that contribute to the protective functions of the immune system. Its name is derived from its binding specificity for a part of
CD11a (1,138 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
polypeptide), also known as ITGAL, is a human gene which functions in the immune system. It is involved in cellular adhesion and costimulatory signaling
Umifenovir (782 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The drug inhibits viral entry into target cells and also stimulates the immune response. Umifenovir is manufactured and made available as both tablets
HCG pregnancy strip test (238 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
production that is critical for a pregnancy in humans; it also affects the immune tolerance of the pregnancy. . hCG is excreted in the urine of pregnant
Immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (197 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
repeated twice in the cytoplasmic tails of certain cell surface proteins of the immune system. The motif contains a tyrosine separated from a leucine or isoleucine
Adalimumab (2,479 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
adalimumab reduces this inflammatory response. Because TNFα is also part of the immune system, which protects the body from infection, treatment with adalimumab
Cortisone (1,111 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
intraarticularly (into a joint), or transcutaneously. Cortisone suppresses the immune system, thus reducing inflammation and attendant pain and swelling at
Etiocholanolone (289 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
function, bone marrow performance, and in neoplastic disease to stimulate the immune system. Etiocholanolone is also known to be an inhibitory androstane neurosteroid
Blood proteins (469 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
circulatory system and the regulation of acellular activity and functioning of the immune system. Other blood proteins act as enzymes, complement components, protease
Ipilimumab (3,568 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antibody that works to activate the immune system by targeting CTLA-4, a protein receptor that downregulates the immune system. Cytotoxic T lymphocytes
Granuloma (2,070 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immune cells known as histiocytes (macrophages). Granulomas form when the immune system attempts to wall off substances it perceives as foreign but is
Type III hypersensitivity (571 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Immune System (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Garland Science. p. 390.  "Chapter 19". Retrieved 2009-01-08.  Parham, Peter (2009). "12". The Immune System
Margaret L. Kripke (107 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
photoimmunology the study of how ultraviolet light can alter the function of the immune system. She is an expert in the immunology of skin cancers. Kripke earned
Immunochemistry (129 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
involves the study of the molecular mechanisms underlying the function of the immune system, especially the nature of antibodies, antigens and their interactions
Epstein–Barr virus (3,986 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
infectious mononucleosis 35 to 50 percent of the time. EBV infects B cells of the immune system and epithelial cells. Once EBV's initial lytic infection is brought
Calcineurin (1,829 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
calcium-dependent serine-threonine phosphatase). It activates the T cells of the immune system and can be blocked by drugs. Calcineurin activates nuclear factor
HLA-DQB1 (622 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
DQ heterodimer, a cell surface receptor essential to the function of the immune system. HLA-DQB1 belongs to the HLA class II beta chain paralogues.
Nerve growth factor (4,286 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
them being the survival of pancreatic beta cells and the regulation of the immune system. NGF is initially in a 7S, 130-kDa complex of 3 proteins - Alpha-NGF
Oxytetracycline (829 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the spread of the infection and the remaining bacteria are killed by the immune system or eventually die. Oxytetracycline is a broad-spectrum antibiotic
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (2,324 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
by the JC virus, which is normally present and kept under control by the immune system. JC virus is harmless except in cases of weakened immune systems
Jane E. Parker (792 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Jane Elizabeth Parker (born 1960) is a British scientist who researches the immune responses of plants at the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research
Bacterial pneumonia (749 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
between adjacent alveoli through connecting pores. This invasion triggers the immune system to respond by sending white blood cells responsible for attacking
Side-chain theory (967 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the immune response in living cells. Ehrlich theorized from very early in his career that chemical structure could be used to explain why the immune response
Kynurenine (1,090 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
including dilating blood vessels during inflammation and regulating the immune response. Some cancers increase kynurenine production, which increases
Feline infectious peritonitis (1,307 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to invade and grow in certain white blood cells, namely macrophages. The immune system's response causes an intense inflammatory reaction in the containing
Fas ligand (1,669 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
ligand/receptor interactions play an important role in the regulation of the immune system and the progression of cancer. Fas ligand or FasL is a homotrimeric
Fas ligand (1,669 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
ligand/receptor interactions play an important role in the regulation of the immune system and the progression of cancer. Fas ligand or FasL is a homotrimeric
Side-chain theory (967 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the immune response in living cells. Ehrlich theorized from very early in his career that chemical structure could be used to explain why the immune response
Alfacalcidol (291 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
levels than calcitriol, however alfacalcidol has significant effects on the immune system, including regulatory T cells. It is considered to be a more useful
KIR3DL1 (1,013 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. Cluster of differentiation "Human PubMed Reference:". 
Glycoprotein (1,280 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
especially in mammals.[citation needed] Examples of glycoproteins in the immune system are: molecules such as antibodies (immunoglobulins), which interact
LILRB4 (1,090 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
thought to control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity to help focus the immune response and limit autoreactivity. Multiple transcript variants encoding
Hemolytic disease of the newborn (1,387 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of immune privilege for the fetus or some other form of impairment of the immune tolerance of pregnancy. Various types of HDFN are classified by which
Myelitis (2,148 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
believed that the immune system response could be to viral, bacterial, fungal, or parasitic infection; however, it is not known why the immune system attacks
Disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (752 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
inflammation but not the underlying cause) and steroids (which blunt the immune response but are insufficient to slow down the progression of the disease)
Provocation (127 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
way of medical testing for conditions such as an allergy by provoking the immune system's response Provoke (album), a 1998 album by Altar and their final
Hepatitis C vaccine (1,119 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is different from conventional vaccine is to induce the T cell arm of the immune response using viral vectors, adenoviral vectors that contain large parts
Mucosal immunology (381 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
flora promotes its development. Because of its front-line status within the immune system, the mucosal immune system is being investigated for use in vaccines
Booster dose (1,475 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
some such as tetanus need boosters. The prevailing theory is that if the immune system responds to a primary vaccine rapidly, the body does not have time
Rejection (179 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
individual from a social relationship Transplant rejection, in medicine, the immune reaction of a host organism to a foreign biological tissue, such as in
KIR2DS4 (912 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. Cluster of differentiation "Human PubMed Reference:". 
KIR3DL2 (1,037 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. This gene is one of the "framework" loci that is present on
LILRB2 (1,172 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
thought to control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity to help focus the immune response and limit autoreactivity. Multiple transcript variants encoding
Mast cell (4,612 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
type of granulocyte derived from the myeloid stem cell that is a part of the immune and neuroimmune systems and contains many granules rich in histamine and
Mucin (1,078 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and bone formation in vertebrates. They bind to pathogens as part of the immune system. Overexpression of the mucin proteins, especially MUC1, is associated
Phagocytosis (1,341 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
process has triggered the name "Phagocytes" for the 1st line of defence in the immune system. Phagocytosis was first noted by Canadian physician William Osler
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (1,322 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
psychological stress and immunosuppression (sub-optimal functioning of the immune system). When the attachments of the teeth to the bone are involved, the
Immunogen (834 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antigen or any substance that may be specifically bound by components of the immune system (antibody, lymphocytes). The term antigen arises from its ability
Blood–testis barrier (484 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and sperm enters the bloodstream, the immune system mounts an autoimmune response against the sperm, since the immune system has not been tolerized against
Adenosine deaminase (2,797 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Its primary function in humans is the development and maintenance of the immune system. However, the full physiological role of ADA is not yet completely
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (1,245 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL or ATLL) is a rare cancer of the immune system's own T-cells. Human T cell leukemia/lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)
Fragment crystallizable region (574 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of the complement system. This property allows antibodies to activate the immune system. In IgG, IgA and IgD antibody isotypes, the Fc region is composed
Georges J. F. Köhler (359 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Köhler won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984, "for work on the immune system and the production of monoclonal antibodies". Milstein and Köhler's
Defensin (1,847 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
including six (in vertebrates) to eight conserved cysteine residues. Cells of the immune system contain these peptides to assist in killing phagocytosed bacteria
Allergic reactions to anaesthesia (477 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
alternatives. This is done weeks after the initial reaction to allow the immune system to reset itself. However, skin testing can be misleading in giving
Chemokine (2,571 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pro-inflammatory and can be induced during an immune response to recruit cells of the immune system to a site of infection, while others are considered homeostatic
Vaccination (4,940 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
in an effort to protect against infectious disease, works by 'priming' the immune system with an 'immunogen'. Stimulating immune responses with an infectious
Pus (750 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
neutrophils release granules which destroy the bacteria. The bacteria resist the immune response by releasing toxins called leukocidins. As the neutrophils die
Bursa of Fabricius (651 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
later by Max Cooper and Robert Good, is necessary for B cell (part of the immune system) development in birds. Mammals generally do not have an equivalent
Lambert–Eaton myasthenic syndrome (2,159 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Other treatments often used are steroids, azathioprine, which suppress the immune system, intravenous immunoglobulin, which outcompetes autoreactive antibody
Vaccine (8,292 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
recognize the agent as a threat, destroy it, and keep a record of it so that the immune system can more easily recognize and destroy any of these microorganisms
Physical exercise (10,264 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
maintenance, and also enjoyment. Frequent and regular physical exercise boosts the immune system and helps prevent "diseases of affluence" such as cardiovascular
Human pathogen (975 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
mainly the responsibility of the immune system with help by some of the body's normal flora and fauna. However, if the immune system or "good" microbiota
Systems immunology (217 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the immune system in the more integrated perspective on how entities and players participate at different system levels to the immune function. The immune
NF-κB (7,688 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and bacterial or viral antigens. NF-κB plays a key role in regulating the immune response to infection (κ light chains are critical components of immunoglobulins)
Eosinophil (1,892 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
less commonly, acidophils, are a variety of white blood cells and one of the immune system components responsible for combating multicellular parasites and
Allergen immunotherapy (2,137 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
people to larger and larger amounts of allergen in an attempt to change the immune system's response. Meta-analyses have found that injections of allergens
Nomenclature of monoclonal antibodies (2,155 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antibodies. An antibody is a protein that is produced in B cells and used by the immune system of humans and other vertebrate animals to identify a specific foreign
Prolactin (4,439 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
events. Prolactin plays an essential role in metabolism, regulation of the immune system and pancreatic development. Discovered in non-human animals around
Seroconversion (492 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antibody. During an infection or immunization, antigens enter the blood, and the immune system begins to produce antibodies in response. Before seroconversion
Islet cell transplantation (2,509 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
identical donor the patient's body will recognize them as foreign and the immune system will begin to attack them as with any transplant rejection. To
Major histocompatibility complex, class II, DQ alpha 1 (1,101 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
DQ heterodimer, a cell surface receptor essential to the function of the immune system. HLA-DQA1 belongs to the HLA class II alpha chain paralogues
Acute myeloid dendritic cell leukemia (485 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
process antigen material and present it on the surface to other cells of the immune system. Dendritic cells develop from progenitors in the bone marrow and
Enterotoxin type B (720 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
minutes. Gastroenteritis occurs because SEB is a superantigen, causing the immune system to release a large amount of cytokines that lead to significant
HLA-A (3,270 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
such as HLA-A are part of a process that presents short polypeptides to the immune system. These polypeptides are typically 7-11 amino acids in length and
Phototoxicity (538 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
chemically induced skin irritation, requiring light, that does not involve the immune system. It is a type of photosensitivity. The skin response resembles
Momin Prohod (403 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
prognosis of the scientists about the favourable influence of the water on the immune reactivity of human organism and its strengthened resistance to ray injuries
Specific granule (192 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Specific granules are secretory vesicles found exclusively in cells of the immune system called granulocytes. It is sometimes described as applying specifically
Immune cycle (1,520 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The immune cycle is a term that describes the natural homeostatic oscillation of the immune system when chronic inflammation is occurring. Similar to
Macrophage (4,317 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
in frequent infections. Beyond increasing inflammation and stimulating the immune system, macrophages also play an important anti-inflammatory role and
Enterotoxin type B (720 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
minutes. Gastroenteritis occurs because SEB is a superantigen, causing the immune system to release a large amount of cytokines that lead to significant
Allergy (9,797 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to something in the environment that usually causes little or no
Tree nut allergy (1,155 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
substances from tree nuts and edible tree seeds causing an overreaction of the immune system which may lead to severe physical symptoms. Tree nuts include,
Pertussis toxin (1,953 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pertussis toxin (PT) is a protein-based AB5-type exotoxin produced by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis, which causes whooping cough. PT is involved in
Respiratory burst (371 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
released from plant cells. Respiratory burst plays an important role in the immune system. It is a crucial reaction that occurs in phagocytes to degrade
Astragalus (1,713 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
alone or in combination with other herbs, may have potential benefits for the immune system, heart, and liver, and as an adjunctive therapy for cancer". Research
Bacteremia (3,628 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of teeth. Bacteremia can have several important health consequences. The immune response to the bacteria can cause sepsis and septic shock, which has
Alternative complement pathway (849 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
alternative pathway of the complement system is an innate component of the immune system's natural defense against infections. The alternative pathway is
Jens Scheer (669 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
He claimed that radiation exposure at critical moments in life weakens the immune system, thus leading to a higher susceptibility to infectious diseases
Osteoimmunology (815 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
years ago that studies the interface between the skeletal system and the immune system, comprising the “osteo-immune system”. Osteoimmunology also studies
Pox party (930 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
typically organized by anti-vaccinationists on the premise of building the immune systems of their children against diseases such as chickenpox and measles
Carbohydrate (3,864 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
derivatives include many other important biomolecules that play key roles in the immune system, fertilization, preventing pathogenesis, blood clotting, and development
Anti-transglutaminase antibodies (1,845 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Antibodies serve an important role in the immune system by detecting cells and substances that the rest of the immune system then eliminates. These cells
Abzyme (655 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
into reaction mechanisms, enzyme structure and function, catalysis, and the immune system itself. Enzymes function by lowering the activation energy of the
Profilin (844 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
wound healing, and the hunting down of infectious intruders by cells of the immune system. Profilin also binds sequences rich in the amino acid proline in
Fucose (387 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cytotoxicity. Therefore therapeutic antibodies that are designed to recruit the immune system to cancers cells have been manufactured in cell lines deficient
Allergen (3,330 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless
Transfer factor (1,820 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
that are produced by all higher organisms. They are an ancient part of the immune system and represent "an archaic dialect in the language of cells." Transfer
Polly Matzinger (2,546 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Seyne, France) is an immunologist who proposed a novel explanation of how the immune system works, called the danger model. Polly Matzinger was born in 1947
Pneumocystis pneumonia (1,881 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
undergoing chemotherapy, HIV/AIDS, and the use of medications that suppress the immune system. Signs and symptoms of PCP include fever, non-productive cough
Cyclophosphamide (4,079 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cytophosphane among other, is a medication used as chemotherapy and to suppress the immune system. As chemotherapy it is used to treat lymphoma, multiple myeloma
Cancer immunology (2,240 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immunology is a branch of immunology that studies interactions between the immune system and cancer cells (also called tumors or malignancies). It is a
Capsular contracture (856 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Capsular contracture is a response of the immune system to foreign materials in the human body. Medically, it occurs mostly in context of the complications
Leukocyte extravasation (2,860 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
selectins results in a slower immune response. If L-selectin is not produced, the immune response may be ten times slower, as P-selectins (which can also be produced
Lectin (2,163 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
particular system. Lectins also are known to play important roles in the immune system. Within the innate immune system lectins such as the MBL, the mannose-binding
Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (806 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
mechanism of cell-mediated immune defense whereby an effector cell of the immune system actively lyses a target cell, whose membrane-surface antigens have
Polydnavirus (2,401 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
phagocytic hemocytes (blood cells) will encapsulate and kill the wasp egg but the immune suppression caused by the virus allows for survival of the wasp egg, leading
Cortisol (6,968 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
functions to increase blood sugar through gluconeogenesis, to suppress the immune system, and to aid in the metabolism of fat, protein, and carbohydrates
Branched-chain amino acid (2,035 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
oxidation and play a role in obesity. Physiologically, BCAAs take on roles in the immune system and in brain function. BCAAs are broken down effectively by dehydrogenase
Antileukotriene (1,137 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
function of these inflammatory mediators; leukotrienes are produced by the immune system and serve to promote bronchoconstriction, inflammation, microvascular
Virus latency (1,701 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
subfamily is associated with episomal latency established in cells of the immune system, such as B-cells in the case of Epstein-Barr Virus. In the case
Flu season (2,390 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
production from Ultraviolet-B in the skin changes with the seasons and affects the immune system. Research in guinea pigs has shown that the aerosol transmission
Morphine (12,771 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
morphine may also affect the immune system. This possibility increased interest in the effect of chronic morphine use on the immune system. The first step
Arthus reaction (481 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
recruitment of PMNs and local mast cell degranulation (requiring the binding of the immune complex onto FcγRIII), resulting in an inflammatory response. Further
HIV/AIDS in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (1,275 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(HIV). As the infection progresses, it interferes more and more with the immune system, making the person much more susceptible to common infections like
Abatacept (982 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
treat autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, by interfering with the immune activity of T cells. It is a modified antibody. Abatacept is a fusion
Beta-glucan (2,436 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
derived β-glucans have been investigated for their ability to modulate the immune system. β-glucans are further used in various nutraceutical and cosmetic
ICAM-1 (2,084 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
glycoprotein which is typically expressed on endothelial cells and cells of the immune system. It binds to integrins of type CD11a / CD18, or CD11b / CD18 and
Autoimmune regulator (1,722 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
in the medulla of the thymus and controls the mechanism that prevents the immune system from attacking the body itself. Each T cell attacks a foreign substance
Antigenic variation (3,104 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
specific antigen. The immune system will then "remember" that particular antigen, and defenses aimed at that antigen become part of the immune system’s acquired
N-Formylmethionine (730 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is also not used by Archaea. In the human body, fMet is recognized by the immune system as foreign material, or as an alarm signal released by damaged
Non-receptor tyrosine kinase (2,664 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
regulation of the immune system. The main function of nRTKs is their involvement in signal transduction in activated T- and B-cells in the immune system.
Bone marrow suppression (623 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is a serious side effect of chemotherapy and certain drugs affecting the immune system such as azathioprine. The risk is especially high in cytotoxic
ICAM-1 (2,084 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
glycoprotein which is typically expressed on endothelial cells and cells of the immune system. It binds to integrins of type CD11a / CD18, or CD11b / CD18 and
Granzyme (1,773 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
a role in immunomodulation, or the job of maintaining homeostasis in the immune system during an infection. “In humans, loss of perforin function leads
Complement deficiency (1,162 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of the complement system proteins. Because there are redundancies in the immune system, many complement disorders are never diagnosed, some studies estimated
Immunogenetics (journal) (142 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
the branch of medical research that explores the relationship between the immune system and genetics. This journal publishes original research papers,
Calciseptine (3,075 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
a snake bite. The same goes for the immune system: the larger venom peptides are unlikely to be missed by the immune system, but immunological action
Toscana virus (549 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
so treatment is supportive, reducing the severity of symptoms until the immune system has cleared the infection. The virus is found in most countries
Klaus Rajewsky (331 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
genetics. He researched Hodgkin's disease and the role of B cells within the immune system. He also developed conditional knockout mice based on Cre-Lox recombination
HIV/AIDS (18,184 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
with no symptoms. As the infection progresses, it interferes more with the immune system, increasing the risk of common infections like tuberculosis, as
XBP1 (1,332 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
regulates the expression of genes important to the proper functioning of the immune system and in the cellular stress response. The X-box binding protein
Cold-fX (754 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
frequency, severity and duration of cold and flu symptoms by boosting the immune system". There is no evidence that Cold-fX is effective in those infected
GB virus C (1,694 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
other ways. There is current active research into the virus' effects on the immune system in patients coinfected with GBV-C and HIV. Hepatitis G virus
Cannabinoid receptor (3,203 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the lungs, liver and kidneys. The CB2 receptor is expressed mainly in the immune system and in hematopoietic cells. Mounting evidence suggests that there
Juxtacrine signalling (712 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cytokine and chemokine cellular signals, playing an important role in the immune response. It has a critical role in development, particularly of cardiac
David Vetter (1,089 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immunodeficiency (SCID), a hereditary disease which dramatically weakens the immune system. Individuals born with SCID are abnormally susceptible to infections
Systemic lupus erythematosus (11,586 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
trigger, acting on persons with genetic susceptibility and defects in the immune system. One of the factors associated with SLE is vitamin D deficiency
Cervarix (1,522 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
also contains AS04, a proprietary adjuvant that has been found to boost the immune system response for a longer period of time. Cervarix is manufactured
Candida (fungus) (1,722 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
hosts including humans; however, when mucosal barriers are disrupted or the immune system is compromised they can invade and cause disease. Candida albicans
Vitiligo (3,101 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
are part of the immune system or part of melanocytes have both been associated with vitiligo. It is also thought to be caused by the immune system attacking
Host–pathogen interaction (1,378 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
processes (transcription, translation, etc.), protein folding, or evading the immune response. One of the first pathogens observed by scientists was Vibrio
Spottail shiner (1,030 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
death. It is found that water pollution from wastewater and runoff affect the immune system of spottail shiners. There are certain parasites that also affect
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (1,803 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
necrotizing vasculitis. Effective treatment of EGPA requires suppression of the immune system with medication. This is typically glucocorticoids, followed by
Transforming growth factor beta superfamily (563 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
processes such as growth, development, tissue homeostasis and regulation of the immune system. Proteins from the TGF-beta family are only active as homo- or
Tumor antigen (861 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
not exposed to the immune system triggers an immune response. This may include normal proteins that are well sequestered from the immune system, proteins
Sleep (15,509 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
sleep, most systems in an animal are in an anabolic state, building up the immune, nervous, skeletal, and muscular systems. Sleep in non-human animals is
Timothy A. Springer (663 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(ICAMs) and elucidating how these cell adhesion molecules function in the immune system. His innovative use of monoclonal antibodies in his research paved
Semax (923 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cognitive disorders, peptic ulcers, optic nerve disease, and to boost the immune system. In animals, Semax rapidly elevates the levels and expression of
NLRC3 (136 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
domain containing 3, is an intracellular protein that plays a role in the immune system. It was previously known as nucleotide-binding oligomerization
Antiserum (459 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
envenomation. Antibodies in the antiserum bind the infectious agent or antigen. The immune system then recognizes foreign agents bound to antibodies and triggers
Gas gangrene (1,338 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
water. This enables the microbes to rapidly proliferate, far in excess of the immune system's capability to defend, as prokaryotic bacteria possess a far greater
Interferon type I (1,347 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
large subgroup of interferon proteins that help regulate the activity of the immune system. Interferons bind to interferon receptors. All type I IFNs bind
Tumors of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues (793 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
are all intimately connected through both the circulatory system and the immune system, a disease affecting one will often affect the others as well,
MeNZB (883 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
vesicles" it contains are a small part of the "skin" of the bacteria that let the immune system recognise and prepare for being infected with the real thing. MeNZB
Armenicum (632 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
becomes resistant. Alternatively, the makers of Armenicum claim it boosts the immune system, allowing the body to fight the virus. Armenicum clinic doctors
Mannose 6-phosphate (305 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Mannose-6-phosphate (M6P) is a molecule bound by lectin in the immune system. M6P is converted to fructose 6-phosphate by mannose phosphate isomerase.
Influenzavirus C (1,589 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
such as bronchitis and pneumonia. After an individual becomes infected, the immune system develops antibodies against that infectious agent. This is the
Antiviral drug (6,085 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
attenuated antigenic material to stimulate an individual’s immune system. The immune system responds by developing white blood cells to specifically combat
Anthrax toxin (3,522 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
observed for macrophage cells. Anthrax toxin allows the bacteria to evade the immune system, proliferate, and ultimately kill the host animal. Research on
Regulatory B cells (1,405 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immunomodulations and in suppression of immune responses. These cells regulate the immune system by different mechanisms. The main mechanism is a production of
Baha Al-Dowleh Razi (337 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
describe the diseases whooping cough and syphilis. He also said Tufts on the immune system and allergies, and implemented the smallpox vaccination. Syphilis
Interleukin 8 (2,258 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
biochemical reactions, IL-8 is secreted and is an important mediator of the immune reaction in the innate immune system response. IL-8, also known as neutrophil
Cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway (576 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway regulates the innate immune response to injury, pathogens, and tissue ischemia. It is the efferent, or motor
HIV (11,913 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(AIDS). AIDS is a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to
James Learmonth Gowans (278 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
1989. He made significant discoveries about the role of lymphocytes in the immune response. In particular, he showed that some lymphocytes were not short-lived
RANKL (3,134 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily. RANKL has been identified to affect the immune system and control bone regeneration and remodeling. RANKL is an apoptosis
Interleukin 21 (2,698 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Interleukin-21 is a cytokine that has potent regulatory effects on cells of the immune system, including natural killer (NK) cells and cytotoxic T cells that
IgG deficiency (403 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
with normal total IgG and IgM immunoglobulins and other components of the immune system being at normal levels. These deficiencies can affect only one
Ustekinumab (1,694 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
interleukin 12 and interleukin 23, naturally occurring proteins that regulate the immune system and immune-mediated inflammatory disorders. Since 2009, Ustekinumab
Plasmapheresis (2,123 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
exchange types is used to treat a variety of disorders, including those of the immune system, such as Goodpasture's syndrome, myasthenia gravis, Guillain–Barré
Feline immunodeficiency virus (2,890 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
worldwide. FIV can attack the immune system of cats, much like the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can attack the immune system of human beings. FIV
NFAT5 (2,204 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
this family play a central role in inducible gene transcription during the immune response. This protein regulates gene expression induced by osmotic stress
Thymus hyperplasia (171 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
peaks during adolescence, and atrophies in the following decades. Before the immune function of the thymus was well understood, the enlargement was sometimes
MHC class I (1,931 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cell to cytotoxic T cells; this will trigger an immediate response from the immune system against a particular non-self antigen displayed with the help of
TNF receptor associated periodic syndrome (428 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Hibernian fever. The main source of TNF (tumor necrosis factor) is cells in the immune system called macrophages which produce it in response to infection and
B7 (protein) (448 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
interact with both B7-1 and B7-2. There are several steps to activation of the immune system against a pathogen. The T cell receptor must first interact with
Transmembrane activator and CAML interactor (1,415 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
predominantly on the surface of B cells, which are an important part of the immune system. TACI recognizes three ligands: APRIL, BAFF and CAML. TACI is
Viral tegument (398 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
viral DNA replication and evasion of the immune response, typically with inhibition of signalling in the immune system and activation of interferons.
TLR9 (629 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
bacterial genomes or viral DNA. TLR9 is expressed by numerous cells of the immune system such as B lymphocytes, monocytes, natural killer (NK) cells, and
Bare lymphocyte syndrome (528 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
complex class II (MHC class II) are not expressed. The result is that the immune system is severely compromised and cannot effectively fight infection
Pharmaceutical drug (6,050 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
"Medication" redirects here. For other uses, see Medication (disambiguation). "Medicines" redirects here. For other uses, see Medicine (disambiguation)
Modelling biological systems (2,001 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
last decade has seen the emergence of a growing number of simulations of the immune system. The Virtual Liver project is a 43 million euro research program
Anti–citrullinated protein antibody (1,383 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
shapes are significantly altered, the proteins may be seen as antigens by the immune system, thereby generating an immune response. ACPAs have proved to be
C3b (1,115 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
microbial invader. This amplification of signal serves as a powerful tool for the immune system in effective clearance of the invading pathogen. In the classical
Journal of Neuroimmunology (83 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
1981 which focuses on the relationship between the nervous system and the immune system. The editor-in-chief is Michael Racke (Ohio State University College
Immunologic activation (87 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
activation is the transition of leucocytes and other cell types involved in the immune system. On the other hand, deactivation is the transition in the reverse
Immunity (medical) (2,699 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
pathogens irrespective of antigenic specificity. Other components of the immune system adapt themselves to each new disease encountered and are able to
Implant (medicine) (1,907 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
the foreign material. The trigger of the immune system response can be accompanied by inflammation. The immune system response may lead to chronic inflammation
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (1,194 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
a condition seen in some cases of AIDS or immunosuppression, in which the immune system begins to recover, but then responds to a previously acquired opportunistic
Negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus (4,411 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
evade the immune response. NNSVs can also bind to cellular receptors throughout the pro-inflammatory cytokine pathway in order to inhibit the immune response
Adenosine deaminase deficiency (645 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
individuals typically have a small, underdeveloped thymus. As a result, the immune system is severely compromised or completely lacking. The enzyme
Photopsia (266 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
choroiditis (PIC), a rare retinal autoimmune disease believed to be caused by the immune system mistakenly attacking and destroying the retina. During pregnancy
HLA-DM (479 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
in "editing" the peptide repertoire. HLA-DM is a protein involved in the immune system. It is a molecular chaperone that works in lysosomes and endosomes
Dendrite (2,496 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
"Dendritic branch" redirects here. For the dendritic cell of the immune system, see Dendritic cell. This article is about neuronal dendrites in biology
Bare lymphocyte syndrome 2 (296 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
complex class II (MHC class II) are not expressed. The result is that the immune system is severely compromised and cannot effectively fight infection
Alloimmunity (2,328 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
mother's antibodies cannot tolerate the fetus's antigens, which happens when the immune tolerance of pregnancy is impaired. In many instances this destroys the
Outline of exercise (861 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the purpose of enjoyment. Frequent and regular physical exercise boosts the immune system, and helps prevent the "diseases of affluence" such as heart disease
Nucleic acid test (386 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antibody tests such as ELISA. Whereas antibody positivity cannot occur until the immune system has had days or weeks to develop a sizable subpopulation of antibodies
Methylprednisolone (845 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Solu-Medrol among others, is a corticosteroid medication used to suppress the immune system and decrease inflammation. Conditions it is used in include skin
Fungal pneumonia (647 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
between adjacent alveoli through connecting pores. This invasion triggers the immune system to respond by sending white blood cells responsible for attacking
Allergic response (436 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
people who have allergies the immune system will react to allergens (substances that trigger an immune response). The immune system will produce immunoglobulin
Edentulism (2,279 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
osseointegration. Meanwhile, bacteria and yeasts of the oral cavity and the immune system of their host create an immensely complicated and constantly changing
Lamina propria (1,399 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the lamina propria hosts many immune cells. In the intestinal tract the immune system must have tolerance to the normal intestinal flora, yet respond
Original antigenic sin (1,101 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
foreign entity (e.g. a virus or bacterium) is encountered. This leaves the immune system "trapped" by the first response it has made to each antigen, and
Omenn syndrome (441 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
T-cell receptor and B-cell receptor, and loss of this ability means that the immune system has difficulty recognizing specific pathogens. Omenn Syndrome is
Ramsay Hunt syndrome type 2 (742 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
where it is kept in check by the immune system. Given the opportunity, for example during an illness that suppresses the immune system, the virus travels
NOD2 (1,421 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the NOD2 gene located on chromosome 16. NOD2 plays an important role in the immune system. It recognizes bacterial molecules (peptidoglycans) and stimulates
Citrullination (1,192 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
controls the expression of genes, particularly in the developing embryo. The immune system often attacks citrullinated proteins, leading to autoimmune diseases
Polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (283 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of double-stranded RNA and is a common tool for scientific research on the immune system. Poly I:C is a mismatched double-stranded RNA with one strand
Error catastrophe (1,189 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
makes during replication, the more likely it is to avoid recognition by the immune system and the more diverse its population will be (see the article on
Memory T cell (1,010 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
reproduce to mount a faster and stronger immune response than the first time the immune system responded to the invader. This behaviour is utilized in T lymphocyte
Inflammation (15,134 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
matures the inflammatory response, involving the local vascular system, the immune system, and various cells within the injured tissue. Prolonged inflammation
Oxidative stress (4,538 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
However, reactive oxygen species can be beneficial, as they are used by the immune system as a way to attack and kill pathogens. Short-term oxidative stress
Serotype (713 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
discovered by the American microbiologist Rebecca Lancefield in 1933. The immune system is capable of discerning a cell as being 'self' or 'non-self' according
Lupus nephritis (1,403 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of which are not yet identified, mediate this genetic predisposition. The immune system protects the human body from infection, with immune system problems
Immunotoxicology (183 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immune dysfunction resulting from exposure of an organism to a xenobiotic. The immune dysfunction may take the form of immunosuppression or alternatively, allergy
António A. de Freitas (185 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
textbook in immunology entitled "Tractus immuno-logicus: a brief history of the immune system". In 2010 received a European Research Council advanced grant.
Robert D. Schreiber (773 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
understanding of how the immune system interacts with cancer. His work on the cancer immunoediting hypothesis has helped reveal that the immune system is not
Artificial induction of immunity (1,843 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
also used in other ways in researching the immune system. A more contemporary approach for "boosting" the immune response to simpler immunogenic molecules
Histocompatibility (986 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
are also self antigens, to which the immune system raises antibodies to recognize, but becomes tolerant to. The immune system at first makes antibodies
Serotype (713 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
discovered by the American microbiologist Rebecca Lancefield in 1933. The immune system is capable of discerning a cell as being 'self' or 'non-self' according
Biological therapy for inflammatory bowel disease (1,846 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
these molecules, which are mainly cytokines, are directly involved in the immune system. Biological therapy has found a niche in the management of cancer
Drug resistance (2,168 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
resistant to more than one drug, it is said to be multidrug-resistant. Even the immune system of an organism is in essence a drug delivery system, albeit endogenous
Lupus nephritis (1,403 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of which are not yet identified, mediate this genetic predisposition. The immune system protects the human body from infection, with immune system problems
HIV/AIDS research (2,915 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
as well as the T cell activation, the cellular immune response, and the immune exhaustion as the infection progresses. See also: Structure and genome
EGF-like domain (2,996 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The EGF-like domain is an evolutionary conserved protein domain, which derives its name from the epidermal growth factor where it was first described.
Artificial induction of immunity (1,843 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
also used in other ways in researching the immune system. A more contemporary approach for "boosting" the immune response to simpler immunogenic molecules
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (2,055 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
partially counteracts the inhibitory effects that glucocorticoids have on the immune system. Finally trauma activates the anterior pituitary gland to release
Interleukin (3,529 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
seen to be expressed by white blood cells (leukocytes). The function of the immune system depends in a large part on interleukins, and rare deficiencies
Nose-picking (1,337 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
entangled in it", so reintroducing the "crippled" microorganisms "may afford the immune system an opportunity to produce antibodies in relative safety." Nose-picking
Propionibacterium acnes (2,364 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
enzymes for degrading skin and proteins that may be immunogenic (activating the immune system). This bacterium is largely commensal and part of the skin flora
La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology (2,161 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
previously LIAI) is dedicated to understanding the intricacies and power of the immune system to that we may apply that knowledge to promote human health and
Antigenic escape (939 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Antigenic escape occurs when the immune system is unable to respond to an infectious agent. This means that the response mechanisms a host's immune system
Periodontal abscess (1,190 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
their way into the soft tissues, but normally they are held in check by the immune system. A periodontal abscess represents a change in this balance, related
List of vaccine topics (1,809 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
recognize the agent as foreign, destroy it, and "remember" it, so that the immune system can more easily recognize and destroy any of these microorganisms
Microbial symbiosis and immunity (723 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to an extremely complex microbiome of healthy and unhealthy bacteria. The immune system’s primary home is in the gut; so gastrointestinal microbiota has
Immuno-psychiatry (72 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Immuno-psychiatry is a discipline that studies the connection between the brain the immune system. It differs from psychoneuroimmunology by postulating that behaviors
Immune tolerance in pregnancy (1,964 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the same mechanism used by parasitic nematodes to avoid detection by the immune system of their host. Also, there is presence of small lymphocytic suppressor
NLRP6 (276 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
domain containing 6, is an intracellular protein that plays a role in the immune system. It is also known as NALP6, PYPAF5, PAN3, and CLR11.4, and is one
TGN1412 (4,442 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
not only binds to, but is a strong agonist for, the CD28 receptor of the immune system's T cells. CD28 is the co-receptor for the T cell receptor; It
Cladribine (1,300 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
chemotherapy agent that targets lymphocytes and selectively suppresses the immune system. Chemically, it mimics the nucleoside adenosine and thus inhibits
Vaccine therapy (62 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of treatment that uses a substance or group of substances to stimulate the immune system to destroy a tumor or infectious microorganisms such as bacteria
KIR3DL3 (885 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. This gene is one of the "framework" loci that is present on
TIRAP (126 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
gene is a TIR adaptor protein involved in the TLR4 signaling pathway of the immune system. It activates NF-kappa-B, MAPK1, MAPK3 and JNK, which then results
Blocking antibody (651 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Blocking antibodies have been described as a mechanism for HSV-1 to evade the immune system. Blocking antibodies can be used in a variety of medical and
IFNA2 (2,397 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The type II IFN, also called IFNγ, is produced by specific cells of the immune system. Unlike type I and type III IFNs, IFNγ has only a modest role in
Intrinsic immunity (816 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Intrinsic Immunity combines aspects of the two traditional branches of the immune system - adaptive and innate immunity – but is mechanistically distinct
Edward Boyse (250 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
British-born, American physician and biologist best known for his research on the immune system and pheromones. Boyse was born in Worthing, England and studied
Atypia (282 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
problematic [cancerous/ malignant] than are myeloid progenitor cells of the immune system. The 'further back' in an already specialised, differentiated cell's
Pathogenesis (411 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
multiple processes. For example, certain cancers arise from dysfunction of the immune system (skin tumors and lymphoma after a renal transplant, which requires
Cutaneous T cell lymphoma (657 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(CTCL) is a class of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, which is a type of cancer of the immune system. Unlike most non-Hodgkin lymphomas (which are generally B cell
Lucky Meisenheimer (872 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
physician, athlete, author, and actor. He is best known for his novel, The Immune, his Guinness world record collection of yo-yos, and his guides, Lucky's
Mycobacterium tusciae (424 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
attract T cells, B cells and natural killer cells. The damage produced by the immune response causes the lung tissue to inflame, expand, and swell with fluid
Urticarial vasculitis (697 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antibodies opsonised or "stuck” to them highlight them to other cells of the immune system for clearance. Antibodies against self proteins are known as autoantibodies
Pneumolysin (523 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
lyse and interfere with the function of cells and soluble molecules of the immune system. Released pneumolysin will aid the bacteria during colonization
Glycocalyx (1,587 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
not stick to the vascular wall because they are important components of the immune system that must be able to travel to a specific region of the body when
Latex allergy (1,946 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
contact with mucous membranes, the membranes may absorb latex proteins. The immune system of some susceptible individuals produces antibodies that react
Experiments in immunology (889 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
lymphocytes. Findings from these experiments can be used to manipulate the immune system and develop drugs to combat immunological diseases. Experimental
Necrosis (2,607 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Rochester), the cells in blind mole rats release interferon-beta (which the immune system normally uses to counter viruses) in response to over-proliferation
DNA vaccination (7,694 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
they are processed by the host cells and displayed on their surface, the immune system is alerted, which then triggers immune responses. Alternatively
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (1,801 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
inflammatory state affecting the whole body, frequently a response of the immune system to infection. The concept of SIRS was first conceived of and presented
Lymphocyte (1,411 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pathogens some T cells, called T helper cells, produce cytokines that direct the immune response, while other T cells, called cytotoxic T cells, produce toxic
Proinflammatory cytokine (1,540 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cytokines. Proinflammatory cytokines work with other important molecules from the immune system, such as neutrophils and leukocytes, in generating an immune response
NKG2D (1,533 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
ligand upregulation. DNA damage response thus participate in alerting the immune system to the presence of potentially dangerous cells. All NKG2D ligands
Drug holiday (412 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
therapy, after a study showed that stopping medication may stimulate the immune system to attack the virus. HIV selectively targets activated helper
Alternative cancer treatments (3,088 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
fear, or sadness depresses the immune system, whereas that love, forgiveness, confidence, and happiness cause the immune system to improve, and that
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity (96 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
research on the relationship between the nervous system, psychology, and the immune system. It is the official journal of the Psychoneuroimmunology Research
Clonal (102 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
significantly upon specific antigens Clonal selection theory, a model for how the immune system responds to infection Clonal anergy, a lack of reaction by the
Nude mouse (598 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
features, nude mice have served in the laboratory to gain insights into the immune system, leukemia, solid tumors, AIDS and other forms of immune deficiency
Science and technology in Venezuela (451 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
complex genes which encode cell surface protein molecules important for the immune system's distinction between self and non-self". His colleagues and shared
Cholecystocyte (47 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Carey, MC.; Fox, JG. (Feb 2009). "Roles of infection, inflammation, and the immune system in cholesterol gallstone formation.". Gastroenterology. 136 (2):
Experiments in immunology (889 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
lymphocytes. Findings from these experiments can be used to manipulate the immune system and develop drugs to combat immunological diseases. Experimental
Hepatitis (15,485 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
important. Autoimmune hepatitis may be treated with medications to suppress the immune system. A liver transplant may also be an option in certain cases. Worldwide
Journal of Leukocyte Biology (328 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the journal is on leukocyte physiology and leukocyte behavior within the immune system. Content is available for free after a 12-month embargo. Since
Allergic rhinitis (3,034 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
as hay fever, is a type of inflammation in the nose which occurs when the immune system overreacts to allergens in the air. Signs and symptoms include
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity (96 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
research on the relationship between the nervous system, psychology, and the immune system. It is the official journal of the Psychoneuroimmunology Research
Granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (1,129 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
they mature into macrophages and dendritic cells. Thus, it is part of the immune/inflammatory cascade, by which activation of a small number of macrophages
Abscess of thymus (117 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
with congenital syphilis. Although the thymus is usually classified with the immune system, thymic diseases are classified with endocrine disorders in ICD-9
Cannabinoid receptor type 2 (4,728 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
molecular explanation for the established effects of cannabinoids on the immune system. The CB2 receptor is encoded by the CNR2 gene. Approximately
Vera Byers (516 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
University of Nottingham, she published some papers on the regulation of the immune response to urushiol in poison ivy/poison oak, also using a monoclonal
CCR5 (6,415 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is a protein on the surface of white blood cells that is involved in the immune system as it acts as a receptor for chemokines. This is the process by
Crohn's disease (14,498 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
related disease, it does not appear to be an autoimmune disease (in that the immune system is not being triggered by the body itself). The exact underlying
Complement-dependent cytotoxicity (133 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
processes in the immune system that kill pathogens by damaging their membranes without the involvement of antibodies or cells of the immune system. There
Danger model (1,036 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The Danger model is a theory of how the immune system works. It is based on the idea that the immune system does not distinguish between self and non-self
Nitroxoline (846 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
aeruginosa infections, which would allow access to the infection by the immune system in vivo. It was shown that nitroxoline functions by chelating Fe2+
Immunophysics (21 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Immunophysics is a branch of immunology and physics which studies the physical workings of the immune system. BioMolecular Modeling & Design Laboratory
SuPAR (492 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
suPAR concentration positively correlates to the activation level of the immune system and is present in plasma, urine, blood, serum, and cerebrospinal
Gestational pemphigoid (948 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
loss of hemidesmosomes causes the epidermis to separate from dermis. The immune response is even more highly restricted to the NC16A domain. The primary
Basophil (1,135 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
inhibits basophil function. This suggests that basophils may play a role in the immune response to these viruses. Basophils of mice and humans have consistent
Disease (5,642 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pathogens, or it may be caused by internal dysfunctions particularly of the immune system such as an immunodeficiency, or a hypersensitivity including allergies
Immunosenescence (1,926 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Immunosenescence refers to the gradual deterioration of the immune system brought on by natural age advancement. It involves both the host’s capacity to
GcMAF (1,077 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immunomodulatory protein that has antitumor properties and strengthens the immune system by macrophage activation. Organizations including Cancer Research
Co-receptor (3,128 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
infection, as inflammation responses remain a poorly understood facet of the immune system. CCR5’s affinity for MIP makes it of great interest for practical
Immune-Related Response Criteria (1,808 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Immune-Related Response Criteria (irRC) is a set of published rules that define when tumors in cancer patients improve ("respond"), stay the same ("stabilize")
Major histocompatibility complex (5,043 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
relation to MHC is more indirect.) MHC is the tissue-antigen that allows the immune system (more specifically T cells) to bind to, recognize, and tolerate
Severe combined immunodeficiency (2,232 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
been gene therapy's first success; since 1999, gene therapy has restored the immune systems of at least 17 children with two forms (ADA-SCID and X-SCID) of
IL1A (2,395 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
haematopoietic activities, and plays one of the central roles in the regulation of the immune responses. It binds to the interleukin-1 receptor. It is on the pathway
Talimogene laherparepvec (1,486 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
an individual cell's defenses, and another that helps the virus evade the immune system –, and a gene for human GM-CSF was added. The drug works by replicating
Glycosylation (1,534 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
plays a role in cell-cell adhesion (a mechanism employed by cells of the immune system) via sugar-binding proteins called lectins, which recognize specific
Community-acquired pneumonia (3,776 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
CAP's symptoms are the result of lung infection by microorganisms and the immune system's response to the infection. Mechanisms of infection are different
Mantoux test (1,993 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
negative results from the PPD test.[citation needed] This is because the immune system needs to be functional to mount a response to the protein derivative
Cytotoxic T cell (1,570 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cytotoxic role within the immune system. However, CD8+ T cells also have the ability to make some cytokines. The immune system must recognize millions
Herpes simplex virus (5,268 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
HSV-1 and -2 persist in the body by becoming latent and hiding from the immune system in the cell bodies of neurons. After the initial or primary infection
Safety pharmacology (249 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
range and above. In particular, for the medicinal products targeting the immune system, the potential unintended effects should be investigated, e.g.
Frank J. Dixon (250 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
award-winning biomedical researcher, best known for his research into diseases of the immune system that can damage other organs of the body. Dixon was also noted
Neural top–down control of physiology (3,176 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
addition to smooth muscle and glandular ones). Cellular functions include the immune system’s production of T-lymphocytes and antibodies, and nonimmune related
Agaricus subrufescens (3,031 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
medicinal properties, due to research which indicates it may stimulate the immune system. Agaricus subrufescens was first described by the American botanist
Schistosoma haematobium (725 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the liver to mature into adult flukes. In order to avoid detection by the immune system inside the host, the adults have the ability to coat themselves
T-cell receptor (2,343 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
  Janeway CA Jr; Travers P; Walport M; et al. (2001). Immunobiology: The Immune System in Health and Disease. 5th edition. Glossary: Garland Science. 
Lck (2,525 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
kinase) is a 56 kDa protein that is found inside specialized cells of the immune system called lymphocytes. Lck is a tyrosine kinase, which phosphorylates
List of restriction enzyme cutting sites (1,074 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
a special type of biological macromolecule that functions as part of the "immune system" in bacteria. One special kind of restriction enzymes is the class
Thomas Platts-Mills (307 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is mite fecal particles which are inhaled. Platts-Mills has researched the immune response to a range of allergens including those from pollens, dust mites
Multiple sclerosis (10,172 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
clear, the underlying mechanism is thought to be either destruction by the immune system or failure of the myelin-producing cells. Proposed causes for this
Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (2,341 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
defective Fas mediated apoptosis. Normally, after infectious insult, the immune system down-regulates by increasing Fas expression on activated B and
QS21 (144 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
QS-21 is a purified plant extract that enhances the ability of the immune system to respond to vaccine antigens. It is derived from the soap bark tree
Ancylostoma tubaeforme (65 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
are the two most common hookworms to infect cats, causing anemia and also compromising the immune system. additional information[permanent dead link]
Neoantigenic determinant (133 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is a newly formed antigen that has not been previously recognized by the immune system. Neoantigens are often associated with tumor antigens and are found
Candida parapsilosis (226 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
sepsis and of wound and tissue infections in immuno-compromised patients. The immune system is a major player in Candida parapsilosis infections. Unlike Candida
Antigen-antibody interaction (1,221 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
high affinity bound by antibodies to form an antigen-antibody complex. The immune complex is then transported to cellular systems where it can be destroyed
Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (2,341 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
defective Fas mediated apoptosis. Normally, after infectious insult, the immune system down-regulates by increasing Fas expression on activated B and
Biocompatibility (1,311 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
sufficient to talk about the biocompatibility of a specific material. Since the immune response and repair functions in the body are so complicated it is not
Robert Ader (825 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of study which explores the links connecting the brain, behavior, and the immune system. Ader was a professor emeritus at the University of Rochester Medical
CCL19 (1,287 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
chemokine receptor chemokine receptor CCR7. It attracts certain cells of the immune system, including dendritic cells and antigen-engaged B cells, CCR7+ central-memory
Amitriptyline/perphenazine (683 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
as agranulocytosis), neutropaenia (a drop in neutrophil [the cells of the immune system that specifically destroy bacteria] count), thrombocytopaenia (a
Muramyl dipeptide (165 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
N-terminus of an L-alanine D-isoglutamine dipeptide. It can be recognized by the immune system as a pathogen-associated molecular pattern and activate the NALP3
Peanut allergy (3,150 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Anaphylaxis may occur. It is due to a type I hypersensitivity reaction of the immune system in susceptible individuals. The allergy is recognized "as one of
Immune repertoire (2,016 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The immune repertoire, is defined as, the number of different sub-types an organism's immune system makes, of any of the 6 key types of protein, either
Glatiramer acetate (1,631 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
glutamic acid, lysine, alanine, and tyrosine, and may work as a decoy for the immune system. Glatiramer acetate is approved by the Food and Drug Administration
Immunoglobulin Y (1,280 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
other immunoglobulins, IgY is a class of proteins which are formed by the immune system in reaction to certain foreign substances, and specifically recognize
Idiotopes (257 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
bind to the B lymphocyte receptor for the original antigen and inhibit the immune response to that antigen. This type of regulation was proposed by Niels
Abscopal effect (371 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Studies in mice suggest that the effect may depend upon activation of the immune system. In a case study reported at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Tonsillar crypts (379 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
crypts. Accordingly, the tonsillar crypts serve a forward sentry role for the immune system, by providing early exposure of immune system cells to infectious
N-Arachidonoyl dopamine (1,333 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
attributed to NADA are multifaceted, and include the ability to modulate the immune response. Endocannabinoid Bisogno, T.; Melck, D.; Bobrov MYu, null;
NLRP10 (446 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is an intracellular protein of mammals that functions in apoptosis and the immune system. It is also known as NALP10, NOD8, PAN5, Pynod, and CLR11.1, and
Membrane progesterone receptor (2,231 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
male and female reproductive tracts, liver, neuroendocrine tissues, and the immune system as well as in breast and ovarian cancer. The mPRs appear to be
Microbiota (5,799 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
system. In many animals, the immune system and microbiota engage in "cross-talk", exchanging chemical signals. This allows the immune system to recognize the
Misconceptions about HIV/AIDS (6,854 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
for the virus. Furthermore, like other viruses, HIV is able to suppress the immune system by secreting proteins that interfere with it. For example, HIV's
Sir William Dunn School of Pathology (1,927 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
research programme includes the cellular and molecular biology of pathogens, the immune response, cancer and cardiovascular disease. It teaches undergraduate
Egg allergy (1,652 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
substances from the yolk or whites of eggs, causing an overreaction of the immune system. Prevention may be partly achieved through early introduction of
HLA-DPB1 (950 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
chain (DPB), both anchored in the membrane. It plays a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from extracellular proteins. Class
Suzanne Cory (1,085 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
distinguished Australian molecular biologist. She has worked on the genetics of the immune system and cancer and has lobbied her country to invest in science. She
Autologous lymphocyte (45 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to a person's white blood cells. Lymphocytes have a number of roles in the immune system, including the production of antibodies and other substances that
Gene therapy (10,532 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
object is introduced into human tissues, the immune system is stimulated to attack the invader. Stimulating the immune system in a way that reduces gene therapy
Titermax (129 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of compounds used in antibody generation and vaccination to stimulate the immune system to recognise an antigen given together with the mixture. Titermax
C3a (complement) (1,913 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
(C3aR), a class A G protein-coupled receptor. It plays a large role in the immune response. C3a molecules induce responses through the GPCR C3a receptor
SEMA4D (1,220 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
repels axon growth cones in both the mature central nervous system. In the immune system, CD100 binds CD72 to activate B cells and dendritic cells, though
In vitro (1,877 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
small number of components. For example, the identity of proteins of the immune system (e.g. antibodies), and the mechanism by which they recognize and
Supergene (1,078 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
complex (MHC) region is a complex of tightly linked genes all acting in the immune system, but has no claim to be a supergene, even though the component
Microfold cell (1,495 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
constitutes an important line of defense between the gut contents and the immune system of the host. Despite the epithelial barrier, some antigens are
Relapsing polychondritis (2,694 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
anti-inflammatory medications, and more severe cases may require suppression of the immune system. Though any cartilage in the body may be affected in persons
Virology (4,026 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pathogenesis. The degree to which a virus causes disease is its virulence. When the immune system of a vertebrate encounters a virus, it may produce specific antibodies
Ehrlichiosis (1,193 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
fatigue. A rash may occur, but is uncommon. Ehrlichiosis can also blunt the immune system by suppressing production of TNF-alpha, which may lead to opportunistic
Intravascular immunity (82 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
transported to a different organ. The intravascular immunity describes the immune response in the bloodstream, and include factors from both the humoral
List of immunologists (646 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(1854-1915), "for study of the immune system" 1919 Jules Bordet (1870-1961), "for discovery of the complement system in the immune system" 1930 Karl Landsteiner
Interleukin 32 (255 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Interleukin 32 (IL-32) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that can induce cells of the immune system (such as monocytes and macrophages) to secrete inflammatory cytokines
Reproductive immunology (649 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of medicine that studies interactions (or the absence of them) between the immune system and components related to the reproductive system, such as maternal
CGAS–STING cytosolic DNA sensing pathway (2,608 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
generate signal cascades leading to transcription of genes associated with the immune response. Because all pathogens utilize nucleic acid to propagate, DNA
NLRC5 (436 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
domain containing 5, is an intracellular protein that plays a role in the immune system. NLRC5 is a pattern recognition receptor implicated in innate immunity
Coeliac disease (13,823 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and distinguishes cells between self and non-self for the purposes of the immune system. The two subunits of the HLA-DQ protein are encoded by the HLA-DQA1
Lupus erythematosus (1,464 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antigen (HLA) family, which are largely related to healthy functioning of the immune system. There have been several cases where a single gene influence appears
Brugia malayi (4,445 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
balance between tissues and the blood and serves as an integral part of the immune system. Blockage of these vessels due to inflammatory induced fibrosis
Immunoblast (129 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cells may differentiate into memory cells or effector cells that aid in the immune response. The majority of lymphocytes are small and have a thin rim of
Self-hypnosis (1,619 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
hypnotize themselves. In addition, since stress prevents well-functioning of the immune system, researchers from the Ohio State University came to a conclusion
Pemphigus foliaceus (377 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
however, the immune system mistakenly attacks the cells in the epidermis, or top layer of the skin, and the mucous membranes. The immune system produces
Artificial antigen presenting cells (737 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the body’s own defense mechanism—the immune system—to recognize mutated cancer cells and to kill them the way the immune system would recognize and kill
Prosperity (644 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cause of good health, both directly through influencing behavior and the immune system, and indirectly through social relationships, work, and other factors
Tuberculosis (10,738 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
tuberculosis is able to reproduce inside the macrophage and will eventually kill the immune cell. The primary site of infection in the lungs, known as the "Ghon focus"
Dopamine (13,134 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
reduces gastrointestinal motility and protects intestinal mucosa; and in the immune system, it reduces the activity of lymphocytes. With the exception of