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Longer titles found: ICD-10 Chapter III: Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs, and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism (view), Effects of parasitic worms on the immune system (view)

searching for The Immune 187 found (2781 total)

alternate case: the Immune

Immune system (11,154 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article

The immune system is a system of biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease. To function properly, an immune
Immunosuppression (598 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
or efficacy of the immune system. Some portions of the immune system itself have immunosuppressive effects on other parts of the immune system, and immunosuppression
Immunology (3,301 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the study of all aspects of the immune system in all organisms. It deals with the physiological functioning of the immune system in states of both health
Immunogenetics (800 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
between the immune system and genetics. Autoimmune diseases, such as type 1 diabetes, are complex genetic traits which result from defects in the immune system
Adjuvant (1,007 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the effect of other agents. Adjuvants may be added to vaccine to modify the immune response by boosting it such as to give a higher amount of antibodies
CD72 (95 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Differentiation 72), also known in murine biology as Lyb-2, is a protein active in the immune system of animals. It consists of two identical halves, each of about
Lymphokine (184 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
lymphocyte. They are protein mediators typically produced by T cells to direct the immune system response by signalling between its cells. Lymphokines have many
Phagocyte (7,958 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
back to its surface. This material is then displayed to other cells of the immune system. Some phagocytes then travel to the body's lymph nodes and display
Immunostimulant (623 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immunostimulators, are substances (drugs and nutrients) that stimulate the immune system by inducing activation or increasing activity of any of its components
Antigen (2,090 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
within the body ("self") or from the external environment ("non-self"). The immune system is usually non-reactive against "self" antigens under normal homeostatic
Immune receptor (110 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(for example, a cytokine) and causes a response in the immune system. The main receptors in the immune system are pattern recognition receptors (PRRs)
Clonal anergy (980 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the most extreme example) seem to exploit the immune system's use of tolerance induction to evade the immune system, though the suppression of specific
Clonal selection (1,407 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
theory in immunology that explains the functions of cells (lymphocytes) of the immune system in response to specific antigens invading the body. The concept
Neuroimmune system (186 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
participate in signalling between the immune and nervous systems. See the article on the immune system for the structure the immune system. The key components
Thymosins (474 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thymosins are small proteins present in many animal tissues. They are named thymosins because they were originally isolated from the thymus, but most are
Somatic hypermutation (758 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Somatic hypermutation (or SHM) is a cellular mechanism by which the immune system adapts to the new foreign elements that confront it (e.g. microbes),
Microbial toxins (475 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
infection and disease by directly damaging host tissues and by disabling the immune system. Some bacterial toxins, such as Botulinum neurotoxins, are the
CD96 (211 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
adhesive interactions of activated T and NK cells during the late phase of the immune response. It may also function in antigen presentation. Alternative splicing
Immunopathology (84 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the pathology of an organism, organ system, or disease with respect to the immune system, immunity, and immune responses. It is a subspecialty of clinical
Conformational epitope (314 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
that come in direct contact with a receptor of the immune system. An antigen is any substance that the immune system can recognize as foreign. Antigens are
Immunoglobulin superfamily (831 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
surface antigen receptors, co-receptors and co-stimulatory molecules of the immune system, molecules involved in antigen presentation to lymphocytes, cell
Epitope (821 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antigenic determinant, is the part of an antigen that is recognized by the immune system, specifically by antibodies, B cells, or T cells. For example,
Complement system (3,280 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
article is about an aspect of the immune system. For other uses, see Complement. The complement system is a part of the immune system that helps or complements
Coeliac disease (10,987 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
prolamins, the enzyme tissue transglutaminase modifies the protein, and the immune system cross-reacts with the small-bowel tissue, causing an inflammatory
Systems immunology (180 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the immune system in the more integrated perspective on how entities and players participate at different system levels to the immune function. The immune
EGF module-containing mucin-like hormone receptor (361 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
separate gene. These receptors are predominantly expressed in cells of the immune system and bind ligands such as CD55. Baud V, Chissoe SL, Viegas-Péquignot
Seafood allergy (338 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
found in shellfish, scaly fish, or crustaceans, causes an overreaction of the immune system, which, for millions of people, may lead to severe physical symptoms
Pathogenesis (399 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
multiple processes. For example, certain cancers arise from dysfunction of the immune system (skin tumors and lymphoma after a renal transplant, which requires
FOXP3 (2,111 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Regulatory T cells generally turn the immune response down. In cancer, an excess of regulatory T cell activity can prevent the immune system from destroying cancer
Niels Kaj Jerne (1,074 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
"[f]or theories concerning the specificity in development and control of the immune system and the discovery of the principle for production of monoclonal
Cancer vaccine (2,534 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
are destroyed by the healthy immune system; and that cancer forms when the immune system fails to destroy them. One approach to cancer vaccination is
HLA-B (1,624 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
role in the immune system. HLA-B is part of a family of genes called the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) complex. The HLA complex helps the immune system
Cedelizumab (37 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Cedelizumab is a monoclonal antibody acting on the immune system. Possible indications include the prevention of organ transplant rejections and the treatment
Polyclonal B cell response (5,673 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immune response, parts of pathogens (e.g. bacteria) are recognized by the immune system as foreign (non-self), and eliminated or effectively neutralized
Rheumatology (965 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
tissue disorders. Many of these diseases are now known to be disorders of the immune system, and rheumatology is increasingly the study of immunology. One
MYO1F (583 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
that in humans is encoded by the MYO1F gene. It is expressed mainly in the immune system and might be involved in cell adhesion and motility. It is a candidate
Teneliximab (56 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Teneliximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody binding to the immune stimulatory protein CD40. As of 2009[update], it has not entered clinical trials.
Keliximab (86 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
monoclonal antibody for the treatment of severe chronic asthma. It suppresses the immune reaction by binding to white blood cells via the protein CD4. The drug
Mucosal immunology (269 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Mucosal immunology is the portion of the immune system which provides protection to an organism's various mucous membranes from invasion by potentially
Viral envelope (236 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
possess great adaptability and can change in a short time in order to evade the immune system. Enveloped viruses can cause persistent infections. Classes of
William B. Coley Award (454 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and tumor immunology and whose work has deepened our understanding of the immune system's response to disease, including cancer. The first awards were
Caspase 5 (95 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
caspase 4 and the murine caspase 4 homolog caspase 11, and has a role in the immune system. The Proteolysis Map Caspase Martinon F, Tschopp J (2007). "Inflammatory
IC3b (104 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is useful for basic research, and in some cases it is possible to get the immune system to attack those cells, thus opening the possibility of new cancer
Caspase 5 (95 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
caspase 4 and the murine caspase 4 homolog caspase 11, and has a role in the immune system. The Proteolysis Map Caspase Martinon F, Tschopp J (2007). "Inflammatory
STAT protein (444 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
evidence that STAT proteins are involved in the development and function of the immune system and play a role in maintaining immune tolerance and tumour surveillance
Mycobacterium obuense (99 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Mycobacterium obuense is immunomodulatory and has been used to direct the immune response in the treatment of cancers - notably pancreatic cancer and malignant
Psychoneuroimmunology (4,134 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
both the brain and the immune system. The discovery by Pert et al. that neuropeptides and neurotransmitters act directly upon the immune system shows their
Boston's sign (95 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
with Graves-Basedow disease, a type of hyperthyroidism. In this disease, the immune system attacks the thyroid gland and the soft tissues surrounding the
Allergic reactions to anaesthesia (178 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
alternatives. This is done weeks after the initial reaction to allow the immune system to reset itself. However, skin testing can be misleading in giving
T helper cell (4,837 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cells (Th cells) are a type of T cell that play an important role in the immune system, particularly in the adaptive immune system. They help the activity
Tildrakizumab (170 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
block interleukin-23, a cytokine that plays an important role in managing the immune system and autoimmune disease. Originally developed by Schering-Plough
Immunophysics (21 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Immunophysics is a branch of immunology and physics which studies the physical workings of the immune system. BioMolecular Modeling & Design Laboratory
TLR2 (1,765 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
differentiation 282). TLR2 is one of the toll-like receptors and plays a role in the immune system. TLR2 is a membrane protein, a receptor, which is expressed on
Agranulocyte (285 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pathogens to enable their destruction. CD4+ (helper) T cells co-ordinate the immune response (they are what becomes defective in an HIV infection). CD8+ (cytotoxic)
Degranulation (420 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
inside some cells. It is used by several different cells involved in the immune system, including granulocytes (neutrophils, basophils, and eosinophils)
Immune complex (251 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to as a singular immune complex. After an antigen-antibody reaction, the immune complexes can be subject to any of a number of responses, including complement
Blocking antibody (129 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Blocking antibodies have been described as a mechanism for HSV-1 to evade the immune system. Neutralizing antibody Binding antibody Blocking Antibodies
CD22 (567 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
speaking, CD22 is a regulatory molecule that prevents the overactivation of the immune system and the development of autoimmune diseases. CD22 is a sugar binding
Postpartum thyroiditis (813 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Postpartum thyroiditis is believed to result from the modifications to the immune system necessary in pregnancy, and histologically is a subacute lymphocytic
Immunochemistry (129 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
involves the study of the molecular mechanisms underlying the function of the immune system, especially the nature of antibodies, antigens and their interactions
Gerald Edelman (2,732 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Prize in Physiology or Medicine for work with Rodney Robert Porter on the immune system. Edelman's Nobel Prize-winning research concerned discovery of
X-linked agammaglobulinemia (1,494 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
complete lack of antibodies in their bloodstream. B cells are part of the immune system and normally manufacture antibodies (called immunoglobulins), which
Autoimmunity (5,085 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to ignore "self", while reacting to "non-self". This breakage leads to the immune system's mounting an effective and specific immune response against self
Formyl peptide receptor (1,014 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cell response to infection. These receptors may also act to suppress the immune system under certain conditions. The close phylogenetical relation of
Immunologic adjuvant (3,802 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
In immunology, an adjuvant is a component that potentiates the immune responses to an antigen and/or modulates it towards the desired immune responses
Biological response modifiers (471 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
therapy often relies on the immune system being used to attack cancer cells) and in treating autoimmune diseases (in which the immune system attacks the self)
N-Arachidonylglycine (1,544 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of lipidomics due to its wide range of signaling targets in the brain, the immune system and throughout various other bodily systems. In combination with
CCR4 (373 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
play fundamental roles in the development, homeostasis, and function of the immune system, and they have effects on cells of the central nervous system as
Immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (197 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
repeated twice in the cytoplasmic tails of certain cell surface proteins of the immune system. The motif contains a tyrosine separated from a leucine or isoleucine
Lupus nephritis (1,139 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the kidney caused by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a disease of the immune system. Apart from the kidneys, SLE can also damage the skin, joints,
Lingual tonsils (678 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
tongue. They are composed of lymphatic tissue that functions to assist the immune system in the production of antibodies in response to invading bacteria
Stress (biology) (10,358 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
these changes can be detrimental to the immune system. Much research has shown a negative effect stress has on the immune system, mostly through studies where
Mononuclear phagocyte system (347 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
called Reticuloendothelial System or Macrophage System) is a part of the immune system that consists of the phagocytic cells located in reticular connective
Antibody (9,439 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is a large Y-shape protein produced by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to identify and neutralize pathogens such as bacteria and viruses
Inactivated vaccine (153 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
but the virus capsid proteins are intact enough to be recognized by the immune system and evoke a response. When manufactured correctly, the vaccine
Complement deficiency (388 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
greater susceptibility to infections. Because there are redundancies in the immune system, many complement disorders are never diagnosed. A recent study
Groin (333 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
there are three to five deep inguinal lymph nodes that play a role in the immune system. These can be swollen due to certain diseases, the most common
Sialoadhesin (421 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is a cell adhesion molecule found on the surface of certain cells of the immune system called macrophages. It is found in especially high amounts on macrophages
Lymphocytopenia (703 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
blood. Lymphocytes are a white blood cell with important functions in the immune system. The opposite is lymphocytosis, which refers to an excessive level
Programmed cell death 1 (2,859 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
PD-L2. PD-1 and its ligands play an important role in down regulating the immune system by preventing the activation of T-cells, which in turn reduces
Protein serine/threonine phosphatase (285 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
also used to manufacture structural proteins and useful to propagate the immune system. Serine and threonine have similar side-chain compositions and
LILRB3 (733 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
thought to control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity to help focus the immune response and limit autoreactivity. Multiple transcript variants encoding
Immunization (983 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
itself: this is called active immunization. The most important elements of the immune system that are improved by immunization are the T cells, B cells, and
Antigen presentation (644 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Antigen presentation describes a vital process of the immune system. Immune cells cannot "see inside" other cells, which may be infected with viruses or
Garland Science (204 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Wilson and Tim Hunt), Essential Cell Biology (Bruce Alberts et al.), The Immune System (Peter Parham), Molecular Driving Forces (Ken A. Dill & Sarina
Multiple sclerosis (9,805 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
clear, the underlying mechanism is thought to be either destruction by the immune system or failure of the myelin-producing cells. Proposed causes for this
Immunomics (3,831 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
recently, these technologies have been used to help better understand how the immune system functions and how it is regulated. Two thirds of the genome is
Osteoimmunology (743 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
years ago that studies the interface between the skeletal system and the immune system, comprising the “osteo-immune system”. Osteoimmunology also studies
Garland Science (204 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Wilson and Tim Hunt), Essential Cell Biology (Bruce Alberts et al.), The Immune System (Peter Parham), Molecular Driving Forces (Ken A. Dill & Sarina
Pathophysiology of HIV/AIDS (1,236 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
several HIV gene products and the immune response to ongoing HIV replication. Another cause is the breakdown of the immune surveillance system of the mucosal
Osteoimmunology (743 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
years ago that studies the interface between the skeletal system and the immune system, comprising the “osteo-immune system”. Osteoimmunology also studies
Interferon (5,136 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
for communication between cells to trigger the protective defenses of the immune system that help eradicate pathogens. Interferons are named for their
Purine analogue (139 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
preventing the clonal expansion of lymphocytes in the induction phase of the immune response, it affects both the cell and the humoral immunity. It also successfully
Immune network theory (2,119 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The immune network theory is a theory of how the adaptive immune system works, that has been developed since 1974 mainly by Niels Jerne and Geoffrey W
Cross-reactivity (661 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
creates the immune response will have an epitope on it that stimulates the response. Denaturing the protein may 'disarm' its function but allow the immune system
Autoantibody (1,585 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
An autoantibody is an antibody (a type of protein) produced by the immune system that is directed against one or more of the individual's own proteins
Receptor (biochemistry) (1,936 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to the hormone. Main article: Immune receptor The main receptors in the immune system are pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), toll-like receptors (TLRs)
Mitumomab (61 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Mitumomab attacks tumour cells, while the vaccine is thought to activate the immune system. As of September 2009[update], the drug is undergoing Phase III
Combined immunodeficiencies (88 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
deficiency) are immunodeficiency disorders that involve multiple components of the immune system, including both humoral immunity and cell-mediated immunity. This
Artificial immune system (1,602 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
processes of the vertebrate immune system. The algorithms typically exploit the immune system's characteristics of learning and memory to solve a problem.
Meningitis (8,617 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of the immune system to the entry of bacteria into the central nervous system. When components of the bacterial cell membrane are identified by the immune
Dead Island: Riptide (1,954 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
her. When the immune find a boat, they are greeted by Serpo again; he freely admits to orchestrating the outbreaks, but offers the immune medical help
NLRC3 (138 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
domain containing 3, is an intracellular protein that plays a role in the immune system. It was previously known as nucleotide-binding oligomerization
Complement component 3 (900 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Complement component 3, often simply called C3, is a protein of the immune system. It plays a central role in the complement system and contributes to
Neuroimmunology (2,651 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
neuroscience, the study of the nervous system, and immunology, the study of the immune system. Neuroimmunologists seek to better understand the interactions
Type IV hypersensitivity (322 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
further inducing the release of other Th1 cytokines, thus mediating the immune response. Activated CD8+ T cells destroy target cells on contact, whereas
Pattern recognition receptor (2,668 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) are a primitive part of the immune system. They are proteins expressed by cells of the innate immune system to identify
Baruj Benacerraf (1,236 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
complex genes which encode cell surface protein molecules important for the immune system's distinction between self and non-self". His colleagues and shared
Type III hypersensitivity (553 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Immune System (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Garland Science. p. 390.  "Chapter 19". Retrieved 2009-01-08.  Parham, Peter (2009). "12". The Immune System
NFAT (726 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
One or more members of the NFAT family is expressed in most cells of the immune system. NFAT is also involved in the development of cardiac, skeletal
Guselkumab (163 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Interleukin 23 is a cytokine that plays an important role in managing the immune system and autoimmune disease. This drug was developed by Janssen Global
PD-L1 (1,726 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
protein that has been speculated to play a major role in suppressing the immune system during particular events such as pregnancy, tissue allografts,
Momin Prohod (395 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
prognosis of the scientists about the favourable influence of the water on the immune reactivity of human organism and its strengthened resistance to ray injuries
Exotoxin (1,479 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antibodies produced by the immune system, but many exotoxins are so toxic that they may be fatal to the host before the immune system has a chance to
RFXANK (1,136 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
transmembrane proteins that have a central role in development and control of the immune system. The protein encoded by this gene, along with regulatory factor
Caspase 4 (106 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
caspase 1, caspase 5 (and the murine homolog caspase 11), with a role in the immune system. The Proteolysis Map Caspase Martinon F, Tschopp J (2007). "Inflammatory
Humoral immunity (1,323 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
components that form the immune system, including their function and interaction, is the central science of immunology. The immune system is divided into
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (3,385 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
aspergillosis (ABPA) is a condition characterised by an exaggerated response of the immune system (a hypersensitivity response) to the fungus Aspergillus (most commonly
Bacteria (14,705 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
bacteria in the body are rendered harmless by the protective effects of the immune system, and some are beneficial. However, several species of bacteria
XBP1 (1,128 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
regulates the expression of genes important to the proper functioning of the immune system and in the cellular stress response. The X-box binding protein
Chronic stress (1,071 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
disease), damage to muscle tissue, inhibition of growth, suppression of the immune system, and damage to mental health. Animals exposed to distressing
CTLA-4 (2,638 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(cluster of differentiation 152), is a protein receptor that downregulates the immune system. CTLA4 is found on the surface of T cells, which lead the cellular
Bacteremia (782 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
during intravenous drug abuse). Bacteremia can have several consequences. The immune response to the bacteria can cause sepsis and septic shock, which has
Bursa of Fabricius (651 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
later by Max Cooper and Robert Good, is necessary for B cell (part of the immune system) development in birds. Mammals generally do not have an equivalent
Immunologic activation (87 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
activation is the transition of leucocytes and other cell types involved in the immune system. On the other hand, deactivation is the transition in the reverse
Complement membrane attack complex (772 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pathway of the complement system, and it is one of the effector proteins of the immune system. The membrane-attack complex (MAC) forms transmembrane channels
Betaherpesvirinae (395 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
neurons, and Gammaherpesvirinae, which establish latency in cells of the immune system, such as B-cells. There are four known member species of the Betaherpesvirinae
Type II hypersensitivity (323 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
hypersensitivity (or cytotoxic hypersensitivity) the antibodies produced by the immune response bind to antigens on the patient's own cell surfaces. The antigens
Allergy (9,443 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
An allergy is a hypersensitivity disorder of the immune system. Symptoms include red eyes, itchiness, and runny nose, eczema, hives, or an asthma attack
Linear epitope (321 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
three-dimensional shape and its protein structure. An antigen is any substance that the immune system can recognize as being foreign and which provokes an immune response
Profilin (731 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
wound healing, and the hunting down of infectious intruders by cells of the immune system. Profilin also binds sequences rich in the amino acid proline in
Chromosome 6 (human) (1,002 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Histocompatibility Complex, which contains over 100 genes related to the immune response, and plays a vital role in organ transplantation. Identifying
Retinal pigment epithelium (1,160 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immune privileged space which is disconnected from the immune system of the blood stream. The immune privilege is supported by the RPE in two ways. First
Histocompatibility (408 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
tissues as self-antigens, to which the immune system raises antibodies to recognise, but becomes tolerant to. The immune system at first makes antibodies
Provocation (124 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
way of medical testing for conditions such as an allergy by provoking the immune system's response Provoke (album), a 1998 album by Altar and their final
Antigenic drift (1,226 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Antigenic drift occurs in both influenza A and influenza B viruses. The immune system recognizes viruses when antigens on the surfaces of virus particles
Carbuncle (466 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
turn lethal. However, the presence of carbuncles is actually a sign that the immune system is working. The infection is contagious and may spread to other
B cell (3,165 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
This article is about the immune system cell. For the electrical cell, see Battery (vacuum tube)#Wings. B cells or B lymphocytes are a type of lymphocyte
Alternative complement pathway (696 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
alternative pathway of the complement system is an innate component of the immune system's natural defense against infections. The alternative pathway is
Proteasome (9,099 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
composition for MHC binding. These proteins whose expression increases during the immune response include the 11S regulatory particle, whose main known biological
Vaccine (7,358 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
recognize the agent as a threat, destroy it, and keep a record of it, so that the immune system can more easily recognize and destroy any of these microorganisms
Immunoproteomics (132 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Immunoproteomics is the study of large sets of proteins (proteomics) involved in the immune response. Examples of common applications of immunoproteomics include:
Ancylostoma tubaeforme (62 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Ancylostoma braziliense are the two most common hookworms to infect cats, causing anemia and also compromising the immune system. additional information
Robert D. Schreiber (773 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
understanding of how the immune system interacts with cancer. His work on the cancer immunoediting hypothesis has helped reveal that the immune system is not
HCG pregnancy strip test (235 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
production that is critical for a pregnancy in humans; it also affects the immune tolerance of the pregnancy. . hCG is excreted in the urine of pregnant
Immunotoxicology (137 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immune dysfunction resulting from exposure of an organism to a xenobiotic. The immune dysfunction may take the form of immunosuppression or alternatively, allergy
Rolf M. Zinkernagel (360 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1996 for the discovery of how the immune system recognizes virus-infected cells. He received his MD degree from
CD11a (1,091 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
polypeptide), also known as ITGAL, is a human gene which functions in the immune system. It is involved in cellular adhesion and costimulatory signaling
Seroconversion (466 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
undetectable. During an infection or immunization, antigens enter the blood and the immune system begins to produce antibodies in response. Seroconversion is the
Blood proteins (438 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
circulatory system and the regulation of acellular activity and functioning of the immune system. Other blood proteins act as enzymes, complement components, protease
Phosphorylcholine (735 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to the external aqueous phase, and thus accessible for recognition by the immune system. Antibodies against phosphorylcholine are naturally occurring
Immune tolerance (4,735 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
tolerance or immunological tolerance describes a state of unresponsiveness of the immune system to substances or tissue that have the capacity to elicit an immune
Artery (1,745 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
maintenance of optimum pH, and the circulation of proteins and cells of the immune system. In developed countries, the two leading causes of death, myocardial
N-Formylmethionine (577 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is also not used by Archaea. In the human body, fMet is recognized by the immune system as foreign material, or as an alarm signal released by damaged
Peyer's patch (419 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
establish their importance in the immune surveillance of the intestinal lumen and in facilitating the generation of the immune response within the mucosa
Vaccination (4,321 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
in an effort to protect against infectious disease, works by 'priming' the immune system with an 'immunogen'. Stimulating immune responses with an infectious
Peripheral blood mononuclear cell (296 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
monocyte or a macrophage. These blood cells are a critical component in the immune system to fight infection and adapt to intruders. The lymphocyte population
Banna virus (969 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
so treatment is aimed at alleviating the severity of symptoms until the immune system has cleared the infection. BAV is a small (72–75 nm in size)
Killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (252 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(KIRs), are a family of cell surface proteins found on important cells of the immune system called natural killer (NK) cells. They regulate the killing function
TNFRSF13B (1,359 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
predominantly on the surface of B cells, which are an important part of the immune system. TACI is a lymphocyte-specific member of the tumor necrosis factor
HLA-DQB1 (614 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
DQ heterodimer, a cell surface receptor essential to the function of the immune system. HLA-DQB1 belongs to the HLA class II beta chain paralogues.
Soy allergy (725 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
hypersensitivity to dietary substances from soy causing an overreaction of the immune system which may lead to severe physical symptoms for millions of people
JAK-STAT signaling pathway (720 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
expressed in white blood cells, and are therefore involved in regulation of the immune system. The receptor is activated by a signal from interferon, interleukin
LILRB1 (1,155 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
thought to control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity to help focus the immune response and limit autoreactivity. Multiple transcript variants encoding
Pus (482 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
neutrophils release granules which destroy the bacteria. The bacteria resist the immune response by releasing toxins called leukocidins. As the neutrophils die
Rejection (188 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
individual from a social relationship Transplant rejection, in medicine, the immune reaction of a host organism to a foreign biological tissue, such as in
Glycoprotein (634 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
especially in mammals.[citation needed] Examples of glycoproteins in the immune system are: molecules such as antibodies (immunoglobulins), which interact
KIR3DL1 (1,114 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. Cluster of differentiation Colonna M, Samaridis J (May 1995)
Pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (411 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
varioliformis acuta", and "parapsoriasis varioliformis") is a disease of the immune system. It is the more severe version of pityriasis lichenoides chronica
Endemic (epidemiology) (404 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
transmitted actually being susceptible to it, effectively discounting the immune sector of the population. For the disease to be in an endemic steady state:
LILRB4 (1,196 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
thought to control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity to help focus the immune response and limit autoreactivity. Multiple transcript variants encoding
KIR2DS4 (979 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. Cluster of differentiation Bottino C, Sivori S, Vitale M
Human pathogen (978 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
mainly the responsibility of the immune system with help by some of the body's normal flora and fauna. However, if the immune system or "good" microbiota
LILRB2 (1,289 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
thought to control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity to help focus the immune response and limit autoreactivity. Multiple transcript variants encoding
Etiocholanolone (252 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
function, bone marrow performance, and in neoplastic disease to stimulate the immune system. Etiocholanolone is also known to be an inhibitory androstane neurosteroid
Abagovomab (790 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
bind directly to CA-125, but it works as a "surrogate" antigen, enabling the immune system to identify and attack tumour cells displaying the CA-125 protein
Adaptive immune system (5,446 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
effective manipulation of the immune system that scientists have developed. Immunizations are successful because they utilize the immune system's natural specificity
Immunosuppressive drug (2,746 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antirejection medications are drugs that inhibit or prevent activity of the immune system. They are used in immunosuppressive therapy to: Prevent the rejection
KIR3DL2 (1,154 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. This gene is one of the "framework" loci that is present on
Phototoxicity (542 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
chemically induced skin irritation, requiring light, that does not involve the immune system. It is a type of photosensitivity. The skin response resembles
ICAM3 (1,223 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
leucocytes and may be the most important ligand for LFA-1 in the initiation of the immune response. It functions not only as an adhesion molecule, but also as a
Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (655 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
mechanism of cell-mediated immune defense whereby an effector cell of the immune system actively lyses a target cell, whose membrane-surface antigens have
Innate immune system (4,572 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Main article: Inflammation Inflammation is one of the first responses of the immune system to infection or irritation. Inflammation is stimulated by chemical
5-Androstenediol (464 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
5-Androstenediol is less androgenic than 4-androstenediol, and stimulates the immune system. When administered to rats in vivo, 5-androstenediol has approximately
Superantigen (3,079 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pathogenic viruses and bacteria most likely as a defense mechanism against the immune system. Compared to a normal antigen-induced T-cell response where .0001-
Autologous lymphocyte (45 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to a person's white blood cells. Lymphocytes have a number of roles in the immune system, including the production of antibodies and other substances that
Chemoimmunotherapy (60 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immunotherapy uses treatments to stimulate or restore the ability of the immune system to fight cancer. A common chemoimmunotherapy regimen is CHOP combined