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Longer titles found: ICD-10 Chapter III: Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs, and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism (view), Effects of parasitic worms on the immune system (view)

searching for The Immune 522 found (3239 total)

alternate case: the Immune

Immune system (12,724 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article

The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease. To function
Immunology (3,358 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the: physiological functioning of the immune system in states of both health and diseases; malfunctions of the immune system in immunological disorders
Antigen (2,454 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(immune response) is specifically produced by the immune system to match an antigen after cells in the immune system come into contact with it; this allows
Immunosuppression (884 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
or efficacy of the immune system. Some portions of the immune system itself have immunosuppressive effects on other parts of the immune system, and immunosuppression
White blood cell (2,893 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious
Rheumatology (953 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
tissue disorders. Many of these diseases are now known to be disorders of the immune system. Rheumatology is increasingly the study of immunology. One of the
Autoimmune disease (2,388 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to becoming active within the immune system, placed into a state of anergy (silently removed from their role within the immune system due to over-activation)
Antibody (10,401 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as bacteria and viruses. The antibody
Thymosin (655 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thymosins are small proteins present in many animal tissues. They are named thymosins because they were originally isolated from the thymus, but most are
T helper cell (5,327 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cells (Th cells) are a type of T cell that play an important role in the immune system, particularly in the adaptive immune system. They help the activity
Adjuvant (1,051 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
effect of other agents. Adjuvants may be added to a vaccine to modify the immune response by boosting it such as to give a higher amount of antibodies
Immunogenetics (715 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
between the immune system and genetics. Autoimmune diseases, such as type 1 diabetes, are complex genetic traits which result from defects in the immune system
Cancer immunotherapy (6,945 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Cancer immunotherapy (Immuno-oncology or Immunooncology) is the use of the immune system to treat cancer. Immunotherapies can be categorized as active,
Immunostimulant (604 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immunostimulators, are substances (drugs and nutrients) that stimulate the immune system by inducing activation or increasing activity of any of its components
Immunoglobulin superfamily (887 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
surface antigen receptors, co-receptors and co-stimulatory molecules of the immune system, molecules involved in antigen presentation to lymphocytes, cell
Groin (341 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
there are three to five deep inguinal lymph nodes that play a role in the immune system. These can be swollen due to certain diseases, the most common
Lymphatic system (4,787 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
lymphatic system is part of the circulatory system and a vital part of the immune system, comprising a network of lymphatic vessels that carry a clear fluid
Immune complex (263 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
its own with a specific epitope. After an antigen-antibody reaction, the immune complexes can be subject to any of a number of responses, including complement
Inactivated vaccine (434 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
vaccines are produced by purifying out the antigens that best stimulate the immune system to mount a response to the virus, while removing other components
Clonal selection (1,384 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
theory in immunology that explains the functions of cells (lymphocytes) of the immune system in response to specific antigens invading the body. The concept
Cancer vaccine (2,096 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cancerous cells routinely arise and are destroyed by the immune system; and that tumors form when the immune system fails to destroy them. Some types of cancer
Autoimmunity (5,207 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
treated with steroids. In the later 19th century it was believed that the immune system was unable to react against the body's own tissues. Paul Ehrlich
Programmed cell death protein 1 (4,592 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cell surface receptor that plays an important role in down-regulating the immune system and promoting self tolerance by suppressing T cell inflammatory
Lymphokine (180 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
lymphocyte. They are protein mediators typically produced by T cells to direct the immune system response by signaling between its cells. Lymphokines have many
CD72 (95 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Differentiation 72), also known in murine biology as Lyb-2, is a protein active in the immune system of animals. It consists of two identical halves, each of about
FOXP3 (3,310 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Regulatory T cells generally turn the immune response down. In cancer, an excess of regulatory T cell activity can prevent the immune system from destroying cancer
Complement system (3,994 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The complement system is a part of the immune system that enhances (complements) the ability of antibodies and phagocytic cells to clear microbes and damaged
N-Arachidonylglycine (1,429 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of lipidomics due to its wide range of signaling targets in the brain, the immune system and throughout various other bodily systems. In combination with
Epitope (1,044 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antigenic determinant, is the part of an antigen that is recognized by the immune system, specifically by antibodies, B cells, or T cells. For example,
Niels Kaj Jerne (1,146 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
"for theories concerning the specificity in development and control of the immune system and the discovery of the principle for production of monoclonal
Pathology (5,824 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
complication with the immune system is Immunodeficiency, where the immune system lacks the ability to fight off a certain disease. The immune system’s ability
PD-L1 (1,997 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
protein that has been speculated to play a major role in suppressing the immune system during particular events such as pregnancy, tissue allografts,
Immunization (995 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
itself: this is called active immunization. The most important elements of the immune system that are improved by immunization are the T cells, B cells, and
Polyclonal B cell response (5,504 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immune response, parts of pathogens (e.g. bacteria) are recognized by the immune system as foreign (non-self), and eliminated or effectively neutralized
Viral envelope (239 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
possess great adaptability and can change in a short time in order to evade the immune system. Enveloped viruses can cause persistent infections. Classes of
Clonal anergy (1,810 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
lymphocyte tolerance. An individual in a state of anergy often indicates that the immune system is unable to mount a normal immune response against a specific
Interleukin 2 (2,141 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is an interleukin, a type of cytokine signaling molecule in the immune system. It is a protein that regulates the activities of white blood cells
Adaptive immune system (5,538 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
effective manipulation of the immune system that scientists have developed. Immunizations are successful because they utilize the immune system's natural specificity
TLR2 (1,966 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
differentiation 282). TLR2 is one of the toll-like receptors and plays a role in the immune system. TLR2 is a membrane protein, a receptor, which is expressed on
Gerald Edelman (2,792 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Prize in Physiology or Medicine for work with Rodney Robert Porter on the immune system. Edelman's Nobel Prize-winning research concerned discovery of
NFAT (703 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
One or more members of the NFAT family is expressed in most cells of the immune system. NFAT is also involved in the development of cardiac, skeletal
Hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis (5,208 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
reactions to stress and regulates many body processes, including digestion, the immune system, mood and emotions, sexuality, and energy storage and expenditure
Humoral immunity (1,404 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
components that form the immune system, including their function and interaction, is the central science of immunology. The immune system is divided into
MYO1F (549 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
that in humans is encoded by the MYO1F gene. It is expressed mainly in the immune system and might be involved in cell adhesion and motility. It is a candidate
Exotoxin (1,508 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antibodies produced by the immune system, but many exotoxins are so toxic that they may be fatal to the host before the immune system has a chance to
Neuroimmune system (2,750 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
composed primarily of glial cells; among all the hematopoietic cells of the immune system, only mast cells are normally present in the neuroimmune system
EGF module-containing mucin-like hormone receptor (361 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
separate gene. These receptors are predominantly expressed in cells of the immune system and bind ligands such as CD55. Baud V, Chissoe SL, Viegas-Péquignot
Microbial toxin (474 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
infection and disease by directly damaging host tissues and by disabling the immune system. Some bacterial toxins, such as Botulinum neurotoxins, are the
Psoriasis (10,119 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
role. Psoriasis is not contagious. The underlying mechanism involves the immune system reacting to skin cells. Diagnosis is typically based on the signs
Globulin (378 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
solutions. Some globulins are produced in the liver, while others are made by the immune system. Globulins, albumins, and fibrinogen are the major blood proteins
Postpartum thyroiditis (812 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Postpartum thyroiditis is believed to result from the modifications to the immune system necessary in pregnancy, and histologically is a subacute lymphocytic
Allergy (9,871 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to something in the environment that usually causes little or no
Interferon (5,188 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
for communication between cells to trigger the protective defenses of the immune system that help eradicate pathogens. Interferons are named for their
Purine analogue (180 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
preventing the clonal expansion of lymphocytes in the induction phase of the immune response, it affects both the cell and the humoral immunity. It also successfully
Immune receptor (110 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(for example, a cytokine) and causes a response in the immune system. The main receptors in the immune system are pattern recognition receptors (PRRs)
Dendritic cell (3,072 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antigen material and present it on the cell surface to the T cells of the immune system. They act as messengers between the innate and the adaptive immune
Cell-mediated immunity (477 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
release of various cytokines in response to an antigen. Historically, the immune system was separated into two branches: humoral immunity, for which the
CD96 (212 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
activated T and NK cells to their target cells during the late phase of the immune response. It may also function in antigen presentation. Alternative splicing
Autoantibody (1,548 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
An autoantibody is an antibody (a type of protein) produced by the immune system that is directed against one or more of the individual's own proteins
Immunosuppressive drug (2,732 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antirejection medications are drugs that inhibit or prevent activity of the immune system. They are used in immunosuppressive therapy to: Prevent the rejection
Thymus (4,307 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The thymus is a specialized primary lymphoid organ of the immune system. Within the thymus, T cells or T lymphocytes mature. T cells are critical to the
HLA-B (1,789 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
role in the immune system. HLA-B is part of a family of genes called the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) complex. The HLA complex helps the immune system
Immunologic adjuvant (2,489 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
In immunology, an adjuvant is a component that potentiates the immune responses to an antigen and/or modulates it towards the desired immune responses
Conformational epitope (291 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
that come in direct contact with a receptor of the immune system. An antigen is any substance that the immune system can recognize as foreign. Antigens are
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (3,405 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
aspergillosis (ABPA) is a condition characterised by an exaggerated response of the immune system (a hypersensitivity response) to the fungus Aspergillus (most commonly
CD22 (580 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
speaking, CD22 is a regulatory molecule that prevents the overactivation of the immune system and the development of autoimmune diseases. CD22 is a sugar binding
Receptor (biochemistry) (2,042 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
is not responding sufficiently to the hormone. The main receptors in the immune system are pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), toll-like receptors (TLRs)
Teneliximab (56 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Teneliximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody binding to the immune stimulatory protein CD40. As of 2009[update], it has not entered clinical trials.
Pembrolizumab (2,836 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immunotherapy. It blocks a protective mechanism on cancer cells, and allows the immune system to destroy those cancer cells. It targets the programmed cell death
Type IV hypersensitivity (376 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
inducing the further release of other Th1 cytokines, thus mediating the immune response. Activated CD8+ T cells destroy target cells on contact, whereas
CCR4 (409 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
play fundamental roles in the development, homeostasis, and function of the immune system, and they have effects on cells of the central nervous system as
Baruj Benacerraf (1,268 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
complex genes which encode cell surface protein molecules important for the immune system's distinction between self and non-self". His colleagues and shared
Interleukin 27 (601 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
IL-27 induces differentiation of the diverse populations of T cells in the immune system and also upregulates IL-10. When IL-27 binds to the IL-27 receptor
Carbuncle (561 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Streptococcus pyogenes. The presence of a carbuncle is actually a sign that the immune system is active and fighting the infection responsible for the carbuncle
Phagocyte (8,181 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
back to its surface. This material is then displayed to other cells of the immune system. Some phagocytes then travel to the body's lymph nodes and display
Cytokine (3,132 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of cell. They act through receptors, and are especially important in the immune system; cytokines modulate the balance between humoral and cell-based
Cedelizumab (37 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Cedelizumab is a monoclonal antibody acting on the immune system. Possible indications include the prevention of organ transplant rejections and the treatment
Psychoneuroimmunology (4,558 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
walls of both the brain and the immune system. The discovery that neuropeptides and neurotransmitters act directly upon the immune system shows their close
Immune tolerance (4,792 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immunological tolerance, or immunotolerance, is a state of unresponsiveness of the immune system to substances or tissue that have the capacity to elicit an immune
Immune response (414 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
red cells, a delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction.[citation needed] The immune response can be transferred via serum antibodies introduction from sensitised
Mepolizumab (512 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
It recognizes and blocks interleukin-5 (IL-5), a signalling protein of the immune system. Mepolizumab is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Cortisone (1,155 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
intraarticularly (into a joint), or transcutaneously. Cortisone suppresses the immune system, thus reducing inflammation and attendant pain and swelling at
Macrophage (4,309 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
in frequent infections. Beyond increasing inflammation and stimulating the immune system, macrophages also play an important anti-inflammatory role and
Keliximab (86 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
monoclonal antibody for the treatment of severe chronic asthma. It suppresses the immune reaction by binding to white blood cells via the protein CD4. The drug
Cross-reactivity (773 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
creates the immune response will have an epitope on it that stimulates the response. Denaturing the protein may 'disarm' its function but allow the immune system
Neuroimmunology (2,761 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
neuroscience, the study of the nervous system, and immunology, the study of the immune system. Neuroimmunologists seek to better understand the interactions
Innate immune system (4,517 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of the eyes and mouth. Inflammation is one of the first responses of the immune system to infection or irritation. Inflammation is stimulated by chemical
Immunoglobulin A (2,123 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
also referred to as sIgA) is an antibody that plays a crucial role in the immune function of mucous membranes. The amount of IgA produced in association
Chronic stress (922 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
disease), damage to muscle tissue, inhibition of growth, suppression of the immune system, and damage to mental health. Hans Selye (1907–1982), known as
Agranulocyte (283 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pathogens to enable their destruction. CD4+ (helper) T cells co-ordinate the immune response (they are what becomes defective in an HIV infection). CD8+ (cytotoxic)
Glucocorticoid (4,883 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
synonym is glucocorticosteroid. GCs are part of the feedback mechanism in the immune system which reduces certain aspects of immune function, such as reduction
Glucocorticoid (4,883 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
synonym is glucocorticosteroid. GCs are part of the feedback mechanism in the immune system which reduces certain aspects of immune function, such as reduction
Degranulation (431 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
inside some cells. It is used by several different cells involved in the immune system, including granulocytes (neutrophils, basophils, and eosinophils)
Trypanosomiasis vaccine (337 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
obstacle is variant surface glycoprotein which makes it difficult for the immune system to recognize the infectious organism. Also, Trypanosoma brucei
Phagocytosis (1,454 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
process has triggered the name "Phagocytes" for the 1st line of defence in the immune system. Phagocytosis was first noted by Canadian physician William Osler
Abatacept (864 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
treat autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, by interfering with the immune activity of T cells. It is a modified antibody. Abatacept is a fusion
Oligosaccharide (1,676 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and cell binding. For example, glycolipids have an important role in the immune response. In general, they are found either N- or O-linked to compatible
Neuropilin (535 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
multiple signalling pathways, such as axon guidance and angiogenesis, the immune response and remyelination. Neuropilin-1 is a therapeutic target protein
Type III hypersensitivity (571 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Immune System (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Garland Science. p. 390.  "Chapter 19". Retrieved 2009-01-08.  Parham, Peter (2009). "12". The Immune System
Garland Science (204 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Wilson and Tim Hunt), Essential Cell Biology (Bruce Alberts et al.), The Immune System (Peter Parham), Molecular Driving Forces (Ken A. Dill & Sarina
TLR10 (553 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
intact copy of the TLR10 gene. Unlike other TLRs, TLR10 does not activate the immune system and has instead been shown to suppress inflammatory signaling on
Retinal pigment epithelium (1,198 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immune privileged space which is disconnected from the immune system of the blood stream. The immune privilege is supported by the RPE in two ways. First
Type II hypersensitivity (327 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
tissue-specific, or cytotoxic hypersensitivity) the antibodies produced by the immune response bind to antigens on the patient's own cell surfaces. The antigens
Artery (1,798 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
maintenance of optimum blood pH, and the circulation of proteins and cells of the immune system. In developed countries, the two leading causes of death, myocardial
LILRB3 (705 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
thought to control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity to help focus the immune response and limit autoreactivity. Multiple transcript variants encoding
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (2,320 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
by the JC virus, which is normally present and kept under control by the immune system. JC virus is harmless except in cases of weakened immune systems
Mucous membrane (611 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Along with providing a physical barrier, they also contain key parts of the immune system and serves as the interface between the body proper and the microbiome
Agaricus subrufescens (1,379 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
medicinal properties, due to research which indicates it may stimulate the immune system. Agaricus subrufescens was first described by the American botanist
Formyl peptide receptor (1,312 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cell response to infection. These receptors may also act to suppress the immune system under certain conditions. The close phylogenetical relation of
Human leukocyte antigen (5,122 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
humans. These cell-surface proteins are responsible for the regulation of the immune system in humans. The HLA gene complex resides on a 3 Mbp stretch within
Eosinophilic esophagitis (916 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of removal of known or suspected triggers and medication to suppress the immune response. In severe cases, it may be necessary to stretch the esophagus
Regulatory T cell (5,098 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
as suppressor T cells, are a subpopulation of T cells which modulate the immune system, maintain tolerance to self-antigens, and prevent autoimmune disease
Parotid lymph nodes (50 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Parotid lymph nodes are lymph nodes found near the parotid gland in the immune system. More specifically, it can refer to: deep parotid lymph nodes superficial
Dead Island: Riptide (1,995 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
her. When the immune find a boat, they are greeted by Serpo again; he freely admits to orchestrating the outbreaks, but offers the immune medical help
Cannabinoid receptor (3,285 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the lungs, liver and kidneys. The CB2 receptor is expressed mainly in the immune system and in hematopoietic cells. Mounting evidence suggests that there
STAT protein (502 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
evidence that STAT proteins are involved in the development and function of the immune system and play a role in maintaining immune tolerance and tumor surveillance
Mast cell (4,635 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
type of granulocyte derived from the myeloid stem cell that is a part of the immune and neuroimmune systems and contains many granules rich in histamine and
Inflammation (11,749 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
matures the inflammatory response, involving the local vascular system, the immune system, and various cells within the injured tissue. Prolonged inflammation
Hangover (4,722 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
known to be involved including acetaldehyde accumulation, changes in the immune system and glucose metabolism, dehydration, metabolic acidosis, disturbed
Endemic (epidemiology) (401 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
disease may be transmitted being susceptible to it, effectively discounting the immune sector of the population. So, for a disease to be in an endemic steady
Superantigen (3,127 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pathogenic viruses and bacteria most likely as a defense mechanism against the immune system. Compared to a normal antigen-induced T-cell response where 0.0001-0
Tildrakizumab (300 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
block interleukin-23, a cytokine that plays an important role in managing the immune system and autoimmune disease. Originally developed by Schering-Plough
Vaccination (6,115 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
strains of the pathogen, not all of which are equally susceptible to the immune reaction. However, even a partial, late, or weak immunity, such as a one
Mycobacterium obuense (110 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Mycobacterium obuense is immunomodulatory and has been used to direct the immune response in the treatment of cancers - notably pancreatic cancer and malignant
Adalimumab (2,503 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
adalimumab reduces this inflammatory response. Because TNFα is also part of the immune system, which protects the body from infection, treatment with adalimumab
Voltage-gated proton channel (457 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
mammals, and recently in zebrafish, suggesting its important roles in the immune cells of mammals and non-mammalian vertebrates. A group of small molecule
Mononuclear phagocyte system (450 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
as the reticuloendothelial system or macrophage system) is a part of the immune system that consists of the phagocytic cells located in reticular connective
Nivolumab (1,749 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
prevented activated T cells from attacking the cancer, thus allowing the immune system to clear the cancer. It was discovered at Medarex, developed by
Necroptosis (1,412 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
use in certain circumstances, such as aiding targeting of pathogens by the immune system. Necroptosis is well defined as a viral defense mechanism, allowing
Interleukin-3 receptor (195 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
transmit the signal of interleukin-3, a soluble cytokine important in the immune system. The gene coding for the receptor is located in the pseudoautosomal
Immune cycle (2,374 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The immune cycle is a natural homeostatic oscillation of the immune system when chronic inflammation is occurring. Similar to the menstrual cycle, the
Complement component 3 (1,003 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Complement component 3, often simply called C3, is a protein of the immune system. It plays a central role in the complement system and contributes to
Immunotherapy (3,484 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and natural preparations. Cancer immunotherapy attempts to stimulate the immune system to destroy tumors. A variety of strategies are in use or are undergoing
Granuloma (2,046 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immune cells known as histiocytes (macrophages). Granulomas form when the immune system attempts to wall off substances it perceives as foreign but is
Ustekinumab (928 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
interleukin 12 and interleukin 23, naturally occurring proteins that regulate the immune system and immune-mediated inflammatory disorders. It was found not effective
Immunomics (3,886 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
recently, these technologies have been used to help better understand how the immune system functions and how it is regulated. Two thirds of the genome is
Immune network theory (2,342 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The immune network theory is a theory of how the adaptive immune system works, that has been developed since 1974 mainly by Niels Jerne and Geoffrey W
Spleen (2,647 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
roles in regard to red blood cells (also referred to as erythrocytes) and the immune system. It removes old red blood cells and holds a reserve of blood, which
Rolf M. Zinkernagel (440 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1996 for the discovery of how the immune system recognizes virus-infected cells. Zinkernagel received his MD
Momin Prohod (405 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
prognosis of the scientists about the favourable influence of the water on the immune reactivity of human organism and its strengthened resistance to ray injuries
Antigenic drift (1,228 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Antigenic drift occurs in both influenza A and influenza B viruses. The immune system recognizes viruses when antigens on the surfaces of virus particles
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (1,315 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
psychological stress and immunosuppression (sub-optimal functioning of the immune system). When the attachments of the teeth to the bone are involved, the
Helminths (3,065 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
their mammalian hosts for many years due to their ability to manipulate the immune response by secreting immunomodulatory products. Helminth ova (or eggs)
Immunopathology (117 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the pathology of an organism, organ system, or disease with respect to the immune system, immunity, and immune responses. In biology, it refers to damage
Artificial immune system (1,534 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
vertebrate immune system. The algorithms are typically modeled after the immune system's characteristics of learning and memory for use in problem-solving
Peyer's patch (1,043 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
establish their importance in the immune surveillance of the intestinal lumen and in facilitating the generation of the immune response within the mucosa
Opsonin (1,237 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
phagocytosis via signal cascades from cell surface receptors. Opsonins aid the immune system in a number of ways. In a healthy individual, they mark dead and
Peripheral tolerance (1,293 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of immunological tolerance, after central tolerance. It takes place in the immune periphery (after T and B cells egress from primary lymphoid organs). Its
Ipilimumab (3,580 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antibody that works to activate the immune system by targeting CTLA-4, a protein receptor that downregulates the immune system. Cytotoxic T lymphocytes
Calcineurin (1,832 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
calcium-dependent serine-threonine phosphatase). It activates the T cells of the immune system and can be blocked by drugs. Calcineurin activates nuclear factor
Phosphorylcholine (689 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to the external aqueous phase, and thus accessible for recognition by the immune system. Antibodies against phosphorylcholine are naturally occurring autoantibodies
Mitumomab (292 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Mitumomab attacks tumour cells, while the vaccine is thought to activate the immune system. It was developed by ImClone and Merck. The first phase III clinical
Allergen (3,328 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless
Lingual tonsils (331 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
side. They are composed of lymphatic tissue that functions to assist the immune system in the production of antibodies in response to invading pathogenic
Prolactin (4,198 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
events. Prolactin plays an essential role in metabolism, regulation of the immune system and pancreatic development. Discovered in non-human animals around
Glycoprotein (1,278 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
especially in mammals.[citation needed] Examples of glycoproteins in the immune system are: molecules such as antibodies (immunoglobulins), which interact
Physical exercise (11,179 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
maintenance, and also enjoyment. Frequent and regular physical exercise boosts the immune system and helps prevent "diseases of affluence" such as cardiovascular
Pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (404 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
varioliformis acuta", and "parapsoriasis varioliformis") is a disease of the immune system. It is the more severe version of pityriasis lichenoides chronica
Complement membrane attack complex (958 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pathway of the complement system, and it is one of the effector proteins of the immune system. The membrane-attack complex (MAC) forms transmembrane channels
Etiocholanolone (295 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
function, bone marrow performance, and in neoplastic disease to stimulate the immune system. Etiocholanolone is also known to be an inhibitory androstane neurosteroid
Johnny Torrio (1,880 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
20, 1882 – April 16, 1957) also known as "Papa Johnny", "The Fox" and "The Immune", was an Italian-American mobster who helped build the criminal empire
CD11a (1,156 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
polypeptide), also known as ITGAL, is a human gene which functions in the immune system. It is involved in cellular adhesion and costimulatory signaling
Nerve growth factor (4,311 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
them being the survival of pancreatic beta cells and the regulation of the immune system. NGF is initially in a 7S, 130-kDa complex of 3 proteins - Alpha-NGF
Myelitis (2,144 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
believed that the immune system response could be to viral, bacterial, fungal, or parasitic infection; however, it is not known why the immune system attacks
Methylprednisolone (847 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Solu-Medrol among others, is a corticosteroid medication used to suppress the immune system and decrease inflammation. Conditions in which it is used include
NF-κB (7,790 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and bacterial or viral antigens. NF-κB plays a key role in regulating the immune response to infection (κ light chains are critical components of immunoglobulins)
Oxytetracycline (829 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the spread of the infection and the remaining bacteria are killed by the immune system or eventually die. Oxytetracycline is a broad-spectrum antibiotic
Umifenovir (783 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The drug inhibits viral entry into target cells and also stimulates the immune response. Umifenovir is manufactured and made available as both tablets
Phlegm (1,416 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Its composition varies depending on climate, genetics, and state of the immune system. Its color can vary from transparent to pale or dark yellow and
Necrosis (2,646 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Rochester), the cells in blind mole rats release interferon-beta (which the immune system normally uses to counter viruses) in response to over-proliferation
Fc receptor (3,397 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
platelets, and mast cells – that contribute to the protective functions of the immune system. Its name is derived from its binding specificity for a part of
Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics (795 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
epigenetics. The researchers of the institute study the development of the immune system and analyse the genes and molecules which are important for its
Feline infectious peritonitis (1,274 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to invade and grow in certain white blood cells, namely macrophages. The immune system's response causes an intense inflammatory reaction in the containing
Kynurenine (1,090 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
including dilating blood vessels during inflammation and regulating the immune response. Some cancers increase kynurenine production, which increases
Somatic hypermutation (2,453 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Somatic hypermutation (or SHM) is a cellular mechanism by which the immune system adapts to the new foreign elements that confront it (e.g. microbes),
Lambert–Eaton myasthenic syndrome (2,167 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Other treatments often used are steroids, azathioprine, which suppress the immune system, intravenous immunoglobulin, which outcompetes autoreactive antibody
Immunogen (836 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antigen or any substance that may be specifically bound by components of the immune system (antibody, lymphocytes). The term antigen arises from its ability
Blood proteins (469 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
circulatory system and the regulation of acellular activity and functioning of the immune system. Other blood proteins act as enzymes, complement components, protease
Fas ligand (1,685 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
ligand/receptor interactions play an important role in the regulation of the immune system and the progression of cancer. Fas ligand or FasL is a homotrimeric
Disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (750 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
inflammation but not the underlying cause) and steroids (which blunt the immune response but are insufficient to slow down the progression of the disease)
Banna virus (977 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
so treatment is aimed at alleviating the severity of symptoms until the immune system has cleared the infection. BAV is a small (72–75 nm in size)
Carbohydrate (3,994 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
derivatives include many other important biomolecules that play key roles in the immune system, fertilization, preventing pathogenesis, blood clotting, and development
Pathophysiology of HIV/AIDS (1,808 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
several HIV gene products and the immune response to ongoing HIV replication. Another cause is the breakdown of the immune surveillance system of the mucosal
Alfacalcidol (299 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
levels than calcitriol, however alfacalcidol has significant effects on the immune system, including regulatory T cells. It is considered to be a more useful
Soy allergy (683 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
hypersensitivity to dietary substances from soy causing an overreaction of the immune system which may lead to severe physical symptoms for millions of people
Eosinophil (1,917 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
less commonly, acidophils, are a variety of white blood cells and one of the immune system components responsible for combating multicellular parasites and
William B. Coley Award (489 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and tumor immunology and whose work has deepened our understanding of the immune system's response to disease, including cancer. The first awards were
LILRB4 (1,114 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
thought to control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity to help focus the immune response and limit autoreactivity. Multiple transcript variants encoding
Glycopeptide (1,218 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
constructs have been shown to play important roles in fertilization, the immune system, brain development, the endocrine system and inflammation. The
Lymphocyte (1,404 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pathogens some T cells, called T helper cells, produce cytokines that direct the immune response, while other T cells, called cytotoxic T cells, produce toxic
IC3b (104 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is useful for basic research, and in some cases it is possible to get the immune system to attack those cells, thus opening the possibility of new cancer
Adenosine deaminase (2,808 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Its primary function in humans is the development and maintenance of the immune system. However, the full physiological role of ADA is not yet completely
Pus (737 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
neutrophils release granules which destroy the bacteria. The bacteria resist the immune response by releasing toxins called leukocidins. As the neutrophils die
Banna virus (977 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
so treatment is aimed at alleviating the severity of symptoms until the immune system has cleared the infection. BAV is a small (72–75 nm in size)
LILRB4 (1,114 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
thought to control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity to help focus the immune response and limit autoreactivity. Multiple transcript variants encoding
Georges J. F. Köhler (359 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Köhler won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984, "for work on the immune system and the production of monoclonal antibodies". Milstein and Köhler's
Bacterial pneumonia (778 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
between adjacent alveoli through connecting pores. This invasion triggers the immune system to respond by sending white blood cells responsible for attacking
LILRB2 (1,172 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
thought to control inflammatory responses and cytotoxicity to help focus the immune response and limit autoreactivity. Multiple transcript variants encoding
KIR2DS4 (976 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. Cluster of differentiation ENSG00000274406, ENSG00000277078
KIR3DL2 (1,129 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
KIR proteins are thought to play an important role in regulation of the immune response. This gene is one of the "framework" loci that is present on
Cortisol (6,963 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
functions to increase blood sugar through gluconeogenesis, to suppress the immune system, and to aid in the metabolism of fat, protein, and carbohydrates
Pertussis toxin (1,960 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pertussis toxin (PT) is a protein-based AB5-type exotoxin produced by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis, which causes whooping cough. PT is involved in
Immunochemistry (129 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
involves the study of the molecular mechanisms underlying the function of the immune system, especially the nature of antibodies, antigens and their interactions
Caspase 5 (100 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
caspase 4 and the murine caspase 4 homolog caspase 11, and has a role in the immune system. The Proteolysis Map Caspase Martinon F, Tschopp J (2007). "Inflammatory
Vitiligo (3,451 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
are part of the immune system or part of melanocytes have both been associated with vitiligo. It is also thought to be caused by the immune system attacking
Chemokine (2,644 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pro-inflammatory and can be induced during an immune response to recruit cells of the immune system to a site of infection, while others are considered homeostatic
HCG pregnancy strip test (234 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
production that is critical for a pregnancy in humans; it also affects the immune tolerance of the pregnancy. . hCG is excreted in the urine of pregnant
William B. Coley Award (489 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and tumor immunology and whose work has deepened our understanding of the immune system's response to disease, including cancer. The first awards were
Boston's sign (95 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
with Graves-Basedow disease, a type of hyperthyroidism. In this disease, the immune system attacks the thyroid gland and the soft tissues surrounding the
Pneumocystis pneumonia (1,881 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
undergoing chemotherapy, HIV/AIDS, and the use of medications that suppress the immune system. Signs and symptoms of PCP include fever, non-productive cough
Cyclophosphamide (3,509 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cytophosphane among other, is a medication used as chemotherapy and to suppress the immune system. As chemotherapy it is used to treat lymphoma, multiple myeloma
Abagovomab (790 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
bind directly to CA-125, but it works as a "surrogate" antigen, enabling the immune system to identify and attack tumour cells displaying the CA-125 protein
Morphine (12,773 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
morphine may also affect the immune system. This possibility increased interest in the effect of chronic morphine use on the immune system. The first step
Bacteremia (3,609 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of teeth. Bacteremia can have several important health consequences. The immune response to the bacteria can cause sepsis and septic shock, which has
Mucin (1,091 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and bone formation in vertebrates. They bind to pathogens as part of the immune system. Overexpression of the mucin proteins, especially MUC1, is associated
Doreen Cantrell (279 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
development and activation T lymphocytes, which are key to the understanding the immune response. Cantrell received her bachelor's degree in Zoology in 1979
HIV/AIDS (18,444 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
with no symptoms. As the infection progresses, it interferes more with the immune system, increasing the risk of common infections like tuberculosis, as
Allergen immunotherapy (2,170 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
people to larger and larger amounts of allergen in an attempt to change the immune system's response. Meta-analyses have found that injections of allergens
Plasmapheresis (2,132 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
exchange types is used to treat a variety of disorders, including those of the immune system, such as Goodpasture's syndrome, myasthenia gravis, Guillain–Barré
Lectin (2,341 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
particular system. Lectins also are known to play important roles in the immune system. Within the innate immune system lectins such as the MBL, the mannose-binding
Immune checkpoint (2,988 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
in the immune system that either turn up a signal (co-stimulatory molecules) or turn down a signal. Many cancers protect themselves from the immune system
Defensin (1,851 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
including six (in vertebrates) to eight conserved cysteine residues. Cells of the immune system contain these peptides to assist in killing phagocytosed bacteria
HLA-DQB1 (656 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
DQ heterodimer, a cell surface receptor essential to the function of the immune system. HLA-DQB1 belongs to the HLA class II beta chain paralogues.
TRIB2 (734 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
regulate the ubiquitination of substrates with important functions in the immune system. It has also been associated with various diseases, especially
Systemic lupus erythematosus (12,082 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
trigger, acting on persons with genetic susceptibility and defects in the immune system. One of the factors associated with SLE is vitamin D deficiency
Allergic reactions to anaesthesia (477 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
alternatives. This is done weeks after the initial reaction to allow the immune system to reset itself. However, skin testing can be misleading in giving
Blood–testis barrier (481 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and sperm enters the bloodstream, the immune system mounts an autoimmune response against the sperm, since the immune system has not been tolerized against
Polydnavirus (2,528 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
hemocytes (blood cells) will encapsulate and kill the wasp egg and larvae but the immune suppression caused by the virus allows for survival of the wasp egg and
ICAM-1 (2,095 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
glycoprotein which is typically expressed on endothelial cells and cells of the immune system. It binds to integrins of type CD11a / CD18, or CD11b / CD18 and
Aspergillosis (1,810 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of more disseminated disease. Acute invasive aspergillosis occurs when the immune system fails to prevent Aspergillus spores from entering the bloodstream
HLA-A (3,260 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
such as HLA-A are part of a process that presents short polypeptides to the immune system. These polypeptides are typically 7-11 amino acids in length and
Enterotoxin type B (720 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
minutes. Gastroenteritis occurs because SEB is a superantigen, causing the immune system to release a large amount of cytokines that lead to significant
Tree nut allergy (1,214 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
substances from tree nuts and edible tree seeds causing an overreaction of the immune system which may lead to severe physical symptoms. Tree nuts include,
Epstein–Barr virus (3,969 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
infectious mononucleosis 35 to 50 percent of the time. EBV infects B cells of the immune system and epithelial cells. Once EBV's initial lytic infection is brought
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (1,801 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
inflammatory state affecting the whole body, frequently a response of the immune system to infection. It is the body's response to an infectious or noninfectious
Antiviral drug (6,067 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
attenuated antigenic material to stimulate an individual’s immune system. The immune system responds by developing white blood cells to specifically combat
Autoimmune regulator (1,782 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
medulla (inner part) of the thymus and controls a mechanism that prevents the immune system from attacking the body. Each T cell recognizes a specific antigen
Chromosome 6 (human) (2,432 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
Histocompatibility Complex, which contains over 100 genes related to the immune response, and plays a vital role in organ transplantation. See also:
Antiviral drug (6,067 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
attenuated antigenic material to stimulate an individual’s immune system. The immune system responds by developing white blood cells to specifically combat
Fragment crystallizable region (574 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of the complement system. This property allows antibodies to activate the immune system. In IgG, IgA and IgD antibody isotypes, the Fc region is composed
HIV (11,868 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(AIDS). AIDS is a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to
Branched-chain amino acid (2,165 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
oxidation and play a role in obesity. Physiologically, BCAAs take on roles in the immune system and in brain function. BCAAs are broken down effectively by dehydrogenase
Islet cell transplantation (2,509 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
identical donor the patient's body will recognize them as foreign and the immune system will begin to attack them as with any transplant rejection. To
Biological response modifiers (488 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
therapy often relies on the immune system being used to attack cancer cells) and in treating autoimmune diseases (in which the immune system attacks the self)
Immune privilege (3,012 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
are normally recognised as foreign antigen by the body and attacked by the immune system. However, in immune privileged sites, tissue grafts can survive
Fucose (386 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cytotoxicity. Therefore therapeutic antibodies that are designed to recruit the immune system to cancers cells have been manufactured in cell lines deficient
Pox party (930 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
typically organized by anti-vaccinationists on the premise of building the immune systems of their children against diseases such as chickenpox and measles
Lymph node (2,660 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
blood cells. Lymph nodes are important for the proper functioning of the immune system, acting as filters for foreign particles and cancer cells. Lymph
Guillain–Barré syndrome (4,984 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rapid-onset muscle weakness caused by the immune system damaging the peripheral nervous system. The initial symptoms are
Abzyme (655 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
into reaction mechanisms, enzyme structure and function, catalysis, and the immune system itself. Enzymes function by lowering the activation energy of the
Profilin (845 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
wound healing, and the hunting down of infectious intruders by cells of the immune system. Profilin also binds sequences rich in the amino acid proline in
Nomenclature of monoclonal antibodies (2,157 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antibodies. An antibody is a protein that is produced in B cells and used by the immune system of humans and other vertebrate animals to identify a specific foreign
Non-receptor tyrosine kinase (2,671 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
regulation of the immune system. The main function of nRTKs is their involvement in signal transduction in activated T- and B-cells in the immune system.
Cervarix (1,527 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
also contains AS04, a proprietary adjuvant that has been found to boost the immune system response for a longer period of time. Cervarix is manufactured
Bone marrow suppression (610 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is a serious side effect of chemotherapy and certain drugs affecting the immune system such as azathioprine. The risk is especially high in cytotoxic
Interferon type I (1,339 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
large subgroup of interferon proteins that help regulate the activity of the immune system. Interferons bind to interferon receptors. All type I IFNs bind
Onchocerca volvulus (2,327 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
ultimately leads to blindness. Symptoms are caused by the microfilariae and the immune response to infection, rather than the adults themselves. The most effective
Phototoxicity (538 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
chemically induced skin irritation, requiring light, that does not involve the immune system. It is a type of photosensitivity. The skin response resembles
Chitin (1,961 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and mannose receptors. The immune response can sometimes clear the chitin and its associated organism, but sometimes the immune response is pathological
XBP1 (1,336 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
regulates the expression of genes important to the proper functioning of the immune system and in the cellular stress response. The X-box binding protein
Pharmaceutical drug (6,090 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A pharmaceutical drug (also referred to as medicine, medication, or simply as drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease. Drug therapy
Antileukotriene (1,131 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
function of these inflammatory mediators; leukotrienes are produced by the immune system and serve to promote bronchoconstriction, inflammation, microvascular
Flu season (2,371 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
production from Ultraviolet-B in the skin changes with the seasons and affects the immune system. Research in guinea pigs has shown that the aerosol transmission
Alternative complement pathway (849 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
alternative pathway of the complement system is an innate component of the immune system's natural defense against infections. The alternative pathway is
David Vetter (1,124 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immunodeficiency (SCID), a hereditary disease which dramatically weakens the immune system. Individuals born with SCID are abnormally susceptible to infections
Feline immunodeficiency virus (2,859 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
worldwide. FIV can attack the immune system of cats, much like the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can attack the immune system of human beings. FIV
Biocompatibility (1,296 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
sufficient to talk about the biocompatibility of a specific material. Since the immune response and repair functions in the body are so complicated it is not
Immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (197 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
repeated twice in the cytoplasmic tails of certain cell surface proteins of the immune system. The motif contains a tyrosine separated from a leucine or isoleucine
Polly Matzinger (2,777 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
an iconoclastic immunologist who proposed a novel explanation of how the immune system works, called the danger model. Polly Matzinger was born in 1947
HIV/AIDS in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (1,275 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(HIV). As the infection progresses, it interferes more and more with the immune system, making the person much more susceptible to common infections like
Granzyme (1,777 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
a role in immunomodulation, or the job of maintaining homeostasis in the immune system during an infection. “In humans, loss of perforin function leads
Jens Scheer (669 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
He claimed that radiation exposure at critical moments in life weakens the immune system, thus leading to a higher susceptibility to infectious diseases
Sir William Dunn School of Pathology (1,931 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
research programme includes the cellular and molecular biology of pathogens, the immune response, cancer and cardiovascular disease. It teaches undergraduate
Respiratory burst (371 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
released from plant cells. Respiratory burst plays an important role in the immune system. It is a crucial reaction that occurs in phagocytes to degrade
Provocation (127 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
way of medical testing for conditions such as an allergy by provoking the immune system's response Provoke (album), a 1998 album by Altar and their final
Cancer immunology (2,122 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of the immune system in the progression and development of cancer; the most well known application is cancer immunotherapy, which utilises the immune system
Anti-transglutaminase antibodies (1,845 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Antibodies serve an important role in the immune system by detecting cells and substances that the rest of the immune system then eliminates. These cells
Human pathogen (958 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
mainly the responsibility of the immune system with help by some of the body's normal flora and fauna. However, if the immune system or "good" microbiota
Acute myeloid dendritic cell leukemia (604 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
process antigen material and present it on the surface to other cells of the immune system. Dendritic cells develop from progenitors in the bone marrow and
Interleukin 8 (2,279 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
biochemical reactions, IL-8 is secreted and is an important mediator of the immune reaction in the innate immune system response. IL-8, also known as neutrophil
Candida (fungus) (1,786 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
hosts including humans; however, when mucosal barriers are disrupted or the immune system is compromised they can invade and cause disease. Candida albicans
Semax (917 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cognitive disorders, peptic ulcers, optic nerve disease, and to boost the immune system. In animals, Semax rapidly elevates the levels and expression of
Major histocompatibility complex, class II, DQ alpha 1 (1,114 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
DQ heterodimer, a cell surface receptor essential to the function of the immune system. HLA-DQA1 belongs to the HLA class II alpha chain paralogues
Tumors of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues (793 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
are all intimately connected through both the circulatory system and the immune system, a disease affecting one will often affect the others as well,
Seroconversion (492 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antibody. During an infection or immunization, antigens enter the blood, and the immune system begins to produce antibodies in response. Before seroconversion
NFAT5 (2,220 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
this family play a central role in inducible gene transcription during the immune response. This protein regulates gene expression induced by osmotic stress
Leukocyte extravasation (2,860 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
selectins results in a slower immune response. If L-selectin is not produced, the immune response may be ten times slower, as P-selectins (which can also be produced
Toscana virus (549 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
so treatment is supportive, reducing the severity of symptoms until the immune system has cleared the infection. The virus is found in most countries
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (1,806 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
necrotizing vasculitis. Effective treatment of EGPA requires suppression of the immune system with medication. This is typically glucocorticoids, followed by
Gas gangrene (1,337 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
water. This enables the microbes to rapidly proliferate, far in excess of the immune system's capability to defend, as prokaryotic bacteria possess a far greater
Interleukin 21 (2,714 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Interleukin-21 is a cytokine that has potent regulatory effects on cells of the immune system, including natural killer (NK) cells and cytotoxic T cells that
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (2,477 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
during tumor development, helping malignant cells escape eradication by the immune system. Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase is the first and rate-limiting enzyme
Baha Al-Dowleh Razi (334 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
describe the diseases whooping cough and syphilis. He also said Tufts on the immune system and allergies, and implemented the smallpox vaccination. Syphilis
Serotype (713 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
discovered by the American microbiologist Rebecca Lancefield in 1933. The immune system is capable of discerning a cell as being 'self' or 'non-self' according
Histocompatibility (972 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
are also self antigens, to which the immune system raises antibodies to recognize, but becomes tolerant to. The immune system at first makes antibodies
Arthus reaction (481 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
recruitment of PMNs and local mast cell degranulation (requiring the binding of the immune complex onto FcγRIII), resulting in an inflammatory response. Further
Transfer factor (1,810 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
that are produced by all higher organisms. They are an ancient part of the immune system and represent "an archaic dialect in the language of cells." Transfer
GB virus C (1,694 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
other ways. There is current active research into the virus' effects on the immune system in patients coinfected with GBV-C and HIV. Hepatitis G virus
Negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus (4,599 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
evade the immune response. NNSVs can also bind to cellular receptors throughout the pro-inflammatory cytokine pathway in order to inhibit the immune response
Transmembrane activator and CAML interactor (1,551 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
predominantly on the surface of B cells, which are an important part of the immune system. TACI recognizes three ligands: APRIL, BAFF and CAML. TACI is
Bursa of Fabricius (651 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
later by Max Cooper and Robert Good, is necessary for B cell (part of the immune system) development in birds. Mammals generally do not have an equivalent
MHC class I (1,934 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cell to cytotoxic T cells; this will trigger an immediate response from the immune system against a particular non-self antigen displayed with the help of
Anthrax toxin (3,522 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
observed for macrophage cells. Anthrax toxin allows the bacteria to evade the immune system, proliferate, and ultimately kill the host animal. Research on
The Hallmarks of Cancer (2,390 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
proposed four new hallmarks: (1) abnormal metabolic pathways, (2) evading the immune system, (3) genome instability, and (4) inflammation. Cancer cells
MeNZB (959 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
vesicles" it contains are a small part of the "skin" of the bacteria that let the immune system recognise and prepare for being infected with the real thing. MeNZB
Lamina propria (1,395 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the lamina propria hosts many immune cells. In the intestinal tract the immune system must have tolerance to the normal intestinal flora, yet respond
N-Formylmethionine (752 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is also not used by Archaea. In the human body, fMet is recognized by the immune system as foreign material, or as an alarm signal released by damaged
Oxidative stress (4,647 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
However, reactive oxygen species can be beneficial, as they are used by the immune system as a way to attack and kill pathogens. Short-term oxidative stress
Antiserum (445 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
envenomation. Antibodies in the antiserum bind the infectious agent or antigen. The immune system then recognizes foreign agents bound to antibodies and triggers
Influenzavirus C (1,598 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
such as bronchitis and pneumonia. After an individual becomes infected, the immune system develops antibodies against that infectious agent. This is the
Immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (176 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
that is found in the cytoplasmic tails of many inhibitory receptors of the immune system. After ITIM-possessing inhibitory receptors interact with their
Side-chain theory (967 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the immune response in living cells. Ehrlich theorized from very early in his career that chemical structure could be used to explain why the immune response
Rejection (182 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
individual from a social relationship Transplant rejection, in medicine, the immune reaction of a host organism to a foreign biological tissue, such as in
Juxtacrine signalling (712 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cytokine and chemokine cellular signals, playing an important role in the immune response. It has a critical role in development, particularly of cardiac
Regulatory B cells (1,426 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immunomodulations and in suppression of immune responses. These cells regulate the immune system by different mechanisms. The main mechanism is a production of
Antigenic variation (3,103 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
specific antigen. The immune system will then "remember" that particular antigen, and defenses aimed at that antigen become part of the immune system’s acquired
Drug resistance (2,147 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
resistant to more than one drug, it is said to be multidrug-resistant. Even the immune system of an organism is in essence a drug delivery system, albeit endogenous
Outline of exercise (881 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the purpose of enjoyment. Frequent and regular physical exercise boosts the immune system, and helps prevent the "diseases of affluence" such as heart disease
Sleep (8,887 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
most of the body's systems are in an anabolic state, helping to restore the immune, nervous, skeletal, and muscular systems; these are vital processes that
CD47 (3,777 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
because the protein IAP produced by CD-47 acts as a don't eat me signal to the immune system and drives organ fibrosis. CD47 is involved in a range of cellular
Specific granule (192 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Specific granules are secretory vesicles found exclusively in cells of the immune system called granulocytes. It is sometimes described as applying specifically
Interleukin (3,470 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
seen to be expressed by white blood cells (leukocytes). The function of the immune system depends in a large part on interleukins, and rare deficiencies
Hepatitis (15,434 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
important. Autoimmune hepatitis may be treated with medications to suppress the immune system. A liver transplant may also be an option in certain cases. Worldwide
Capsular contracture (856 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Capsular contracture is a response of the immune system to foreign materials in the human body. Medically, it occurs mostly in context of the complications
Glycosylation (1,528 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
plays a role in cell-cell adhesion (a mechanism employed by cells of the immune system) via sugar-binding proteins called lectins, which recognize specific
Edentulism (2,499 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
osseointegration. Meanwhile, bacteria and yeasts of the oral cavity and the immune system of their host create an immensely complicated and constantly changing
Immunoproteomics (779 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Immunoproteomics is the study of large sets of proteins (proteomics) involved in the immune response. Examples of common applications of immunoproteomics include:
Implant (medicine) (1,938 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
the foreign material. The trigger of the immune system response can be accompanied by inflammation. The immune system response may lead to chronic inflammation
Transforming growth factor beta superfamily (563 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
processes such as growth, development, tissue homeostasis and regulation of the immune system. Proteins from the TGF-beta family are only active as homo- or
Lupus nephritis (1,405 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of which are not yet identified, mediate this genetic predisposition. The immune system protects the human body from infection, with immune system problems
Hepatitis C vaccine (1,198 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is different from conventional vaccine is to induce the T cell arm of the immune response using viral vectors, adenoviral vectors that contain large parts
Crohn's disease (14,696 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
related disease, it does not appear to be an autoimmune disease (in that the immune system is not being triggered by the body itself). The exact underlying
Disease (5,842 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
factors such as pathogens or by internal dysfunctions, particularly of the immune system, such as an immunodeficiency, or by a hypersensitivity, including
Alloimmunity (2,352 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
mother's antibodies cannot tolerate the fetus's antigens, which happens when the immune tolerance of pregnancy is impaired. In many instances the maternal immune
TGN1412 (4,375 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
not only binds to, but is a strong agonist for, the CD28 receptor of the immune system's T cells. CD28 is the co-receptor for the T cell receptor; It
James Learmonth Gowans (278 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
1989. He made significant discoveries about the role of lymphocytes in the immune response. In particular, he showed that some lymphocytes were not short-lived
Modelling biological systems (1,972 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
last decade has seen the emergence of a growing number of simulations of the immune system. The Virtual Liver project is a 43 million euro research program
T cell (6,037 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
re-exposure to their cognate antigen. By this mechanism they provide the immune system with "memory" against previously encountered pathogens. Memory
Fungal pneumonia (649 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
between adjacent alveoli through connecting pores. This invasion triggers the immune system to respond by sending white blood cells responsible for attacking
Osteoimmunology (815 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
years ago that studies the interface between the skeletal system and the immune system, comprising the “osteo-immune system”. Osteoimmunology also studies
Vaccine (8,574 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
strains of the pathogen, not all of which are equally susceptible to the immune reaction. However, even a partial, late, or weak immunity, such as a one
Tumor antigen (861 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
not exposed to the immune system triggers an immune response. This may include normal proteins that are well sequestered from the immune system, proteins
Sjögren syndrome (6,746 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Damaged self-structures targeted for apoptosis may be mistakenly exposed to the immune system, triggering autoimmunity in exocrine glands which are often prone
Systems immunology (217 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the immune system in the more integrated perspective on how entities and players participate at different system levels to the immune function. The immune
T helper 3 cell (465 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immune response. The function of T helper cells generally is to mediate the immune response by secreting cytokines and interacting with B-cells to enhance
Scleroderma (3,264 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
play a crucial role in regulating (usually suppressing) the actions of the immune system. Typical scleroderma is classically defined as symmetrical skin
Parasitism (5,059 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Should the parasite enter the body, the immune system is a vertebrate's major defense against parasitic invasion. The immune system is made up of different
Latex allergy (1,955 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
contact with mucous membranes, the membranes may absorb latex proteins. The immune system of some susceptible individuals produces antibodies that react
Mannose 6-phosphate (319 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Mannose-6-phosphate (M6P) is a molecule bound by lectin in the immune system. M6P is converted to fructose 6-phosphate by mannose phosphate isomerase.
Coeliac disease (14,250 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and distinguishes cells between self and non-self for the purposes of the immune system. The two subunits of the HLA-DQ protein are encoded by the HLA-DQA1
Artificial induction of immunity (1,827 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
also used in other ways in researching the immune system. A more contemporary approach for "boosting" the immune response to simpler immunogenic molecules
Pattern recognition receptor (5,225 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pattern recognition receptors because they evolved before other parts of the immune system, particularly before adaptive immunity. PRRs also mediate the initiation
Allergic rhinitis (3,034 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
as hay fever, is a type of inflammation in the nose which occurs when the immune system overreacts to allergens in the air. Signs and symptoms include
CCR5 (6,584 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is a protein on the surface of white blood cells that is involved in the immune system as it acts as a receptor for chemokines. This is the process by
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (1,245 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL or ATLL) is a rare cancer of the immune system's own T-cells. Human T cell leukemia/lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)
Cladribine (1,302 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
chemotherapy agent that targets lymphocytes and selectively suppresses the immune system. Chemically, it mimics the nucleoside adenosine and thus inhibits
Multiple sclerosis (10,402 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
clear, the underlying mechanism is thought to be either destruction by the immune system or failure of the myelin-producing cells. Proposed causes for this
C3b (1,136 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
microbial invader. This amplification of signal serves as a powerful tool for the immune system in effective clearance of the invading pathogen. In the classical
Community-acquired pneumonia (3,957 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
CAP's symptoms are the result of lung infection by microorganisms and the immune system's response to the infection. Mechanisms of infection are different
Pathogenesis (404 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
multiple processes. For example, certain cancers arise from dysfunction of the immune system (skin tumors and lymphoma after a renal transplant, which requires
DNA vaccination (7,702 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
they are processed by the host cells and displayed on their surface, the immune system is alerted, which then triggers immune responses. Alternatively
Hemolytic disease of the newborn (3,711 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of immune privilege for the fetus or some other form of impairment of the immune tolerance of pregnancy. Various types of HDFN are classified by which
Nose-picking (1,331 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
entangled in it", so reintroducing the "crippled" microorganisms "may afford the immune system an opportunity to produce antibodies in relative safety." Nose-picking
Major histocompatibility complex (5,009 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
relation to MHC is more indirect.) MHC is the tissue-antigen that allows the immune system (more specifically T cells) to bind to, recognize, and tolerate
Error catastrophe (1,189 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
makes during replication, the more likely it is to avoid recognition by the immune system and the more diverse its population will be (see the article on
List of vaccine topics (1,834 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
recognize the agent as foreign, destroy it, and "remember" it, so that the immune system can more easily recognize and destroy any of these microorganisms
Anti–citrullinated protein antibody (1,383 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
shapes are significantly altered, the proteins may be seen as antigens by the immune system, thereby generating an immune response. ACPAs have proved to be
IFNA2 (2,404 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The type II IFN, also called IFNγ, is produced by specific cells of the immune system. Unlike type I and type III IFNs, IFNγ has only a modest role in
Host–pathogen interaction (1,447 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
processes (transcription, translation, etc.), protein folding, or evading the immune response. One of the first pathogens observed by scientists was Vibrio
Alternative cancer treatments (3,098 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
fear, or sadness depresses the immune system, whereas that love, forgiveness, confidence, and happiness cause the immune system to improve, and that
Cannabinoid receptor type 2 (4,830 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
molecular explanation for the established effects of cannabinoids on the immune system. The CB2 receptor is encoded by the CNR2 gene. Approximately
Herpes simplex virus (5,319 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
HSV-1 and -2 persist in the body by becoming latent and hiding from the immune system in the cell bodies of neurons. After the initial or primary infection
Cutaneous T cell lymphoma (852 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(CTCL) is a class of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, which is a type of cancer of the immune system. Unlike most non-Hodgkin lymphomas (which are generally B cell
Immune tolerance in pregnancy (1,955 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the same mechanism used by parasitic nematodes to avoid detection by the immune system of their host. Also, there is presence of small lymphocytic suppressor
Astragalus (1,698 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
alone or in combination with other herbs, may have potential benefits for the immune system, heart, and liver, and as an adjunctive therapy for cancer". Research
Meningitis (8,983 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of the immune system to the entry of bacteria into the central nervous system. When components of the bacterial cell membrane are identified by the immune
Glycocalyx (1,586 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
not stick to the vascular wall because they are important components of the immune system that must be able to travel to a specific region of the body when
Mucosal immunology (496 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
flora promotes its development. Because of its front-line status within the immune system, the mucosal immune system is being investigated for use in vaccines
Misconceptions about HIV/AIDS (6,803 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
for the virus. Furthermore, like other viruses, HIV is able to suppress the immune system by secreting proteins that interfere with it. For example, HIV's
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (2,272 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
partially counteracts the inhibitory effects that glucocorticoids have on the immune system. Finally trauma activates the anterior pituitary gland to release
Mantoux test (2,133 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
negative results from the PPD test.[citation needed] This is because the immune system needs to be functional to mount a response to the protein derivative
Tolerance (279 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antimicrobials Immune tolerance or immunological tolerance, by which the immune system does not attack an antigen Central tolerance, a mechanism by which
Nucleic acid test (368 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antibody tests such as ELISA. Whereas antibody positivity cannot occur until the immune system has had days or weeks to develop a sizable subpopulation of antibodies
Toca 511 & Toca FC (1,675 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
direct cancer cell killing, destruction of the immune-suppressive microenvironment, and activation of the immune system against the cancer. The FDA has granted
Cytotoxic T cell (1,640 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cytotoxic role within the immune system. However, CD8+ T cells also have the ability to make some cytokines. The immune system must recognize millions
Memory T cell (1,584 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
reproduce to mount a faster and stronger immune response than the first time the immune system responded to the invader. This behaviour is utilized in T lymphocyte
Microbiota (5,568 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
and its microbiota shapes the immune system of mammalians, insects, plants and aquatic organisms. In many animals, the immune system and microbiota engage
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (3,126 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
receive acetylcholine released to signal for muscular contraction. In the immune system, nAChRs regulate inflammatory processes and signal through distinct
RANKL (3,120 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily. RANKL has been identified to affect the immune system and control bone regeneration and remodeling. RANKL is an apoptosis
N-Arachidonoyl dopamine (1,333 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
attributed to NADA are multifaceted, and include the ability to modulate the immune response. Endocannabinoid Bisogno, T.; Melck, D.; Bobrov MYu, null;
Granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (1,204 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
they mature into macrophages and dendritic cells. Thus, it is part of the immune/inflammatory cascade, by which activation of a small number of macrophages
Photopsia (265 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
choroiditis (PIC), a rare retinal autoimmune disease believed to be caused by the immune system mistakenly attacking and destroying the retina. During pregnancy
Lipid A (1,228 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Many of the immune activating abilities of LPS can be attributed to the lipid A unit. It is a very potent stimulant of the immune system, activating
HLA-C (989 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
HLA-C, are expressed in nearly all cells, and present small peptides to the immune system which surveys for non-self peptides. HLA-C is a locus on chromosome
Gene therapy (10,934 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
object is introduced into human tissues, the immune system is stimulated to attack the invader. Stimulating the immune system in a way that reduces gene therapy
Sulfatide (5,589 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
several physiological processes and systems, including the nervous system, the immune system, insulin secretion, blood clotting, viral infection, and bacterial
HLA-DM (479 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
in "editing" the peptide repertoire. HLA-DM is a protein involved in the immune system. It is a molecular chaperone that works in lysosomes and endosomes
Virology (4,012 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
pathogenesis. The degree to which a virus causes disease is its virulence. When the immune system of a vertebrate encounters a virus, it may produce specific antibodies
Propionibacterium acnes (2,505 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
enzymes for degrading skin and proteins that may be immunogenic (activating the immune system). This bacterium is largely commensal and part of the skin flora
Glycan (2,835 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Killer cells as a sign that the cell in question is cancerous. Within the immune system the N-linked glycans on an immune cell's surface will help dictate
B7 (protein) (448 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
interact with both B7-1 and B7-2. There are several steps to activation of the immune system against a pathogen. The T cell receptor must first interact with
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (1,194 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
a condition seen in some cases of AIDS or immunosuppression, in which the immune system begins to recover, but then responds to a previously acquired opportunistic
Co-receptor (3,128 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
infection, as inflammation responses remain a poorly understood facet of the immune system. CCR5’s affinity for MIP makes it of great interest for practical
Nephritis (683 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the kidney caused by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a disease of the immune system. Athletic nephritis is nephritis resulting from strenuous exercise
Tuberculosis (10,994 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
tuberculosis is able to reproduce inside the macrophage and will eventually kill the immune cell. The primary site of infection in the lungs, known as the "Ghon focus"
Vitamin A (5,727 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
functions: it is important for growth and development, for the maintenance of the immune system and good vision. Vitamin A is needed by the retina of the eye in
Beta-glucan (2,415 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
mushroom-derived β-glucans have been investigated for their ability to modulate the immune system. β-glucans are further used in various nutraceutical and cosmetic
Andrew N. J. McKenzie (539 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
at the University of London where he was awarded a PhD for research on the immune response of the bluebottle fly (Calliphora vomitoria), covering both humoral
Reckitt Benckiser (3,950 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Dettol, the sore throat medicine Strepsils, the hair removal brand Veet, the immune support supplement Airborne, the air freshener Air Wick, Calgon, Clearasil
Basophil (1,187 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
inhibits basophil function. This suggests that basophils may play a role in the immune response to these viruses. Basophils of mice and humans have consistent
Mycobacterium tusciae (424 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
attract T cells, B cells and natural killer cells. The damage produced by the immune response causes the lung tissue to inflame, expand, and swell with fluid
IL1A (2,450 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
haematopoietic activities, and plays one of the central roles in the regulation of the immune responses. It binds to the interleukin-1 receptor. It is on the pathway
Allergic response (436 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
people who have allergies the immune system will react to allergens (substances that trigger an immune response). The immune system will produce immunoglobulin
Dopamine (13,076 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
reduces gastrointestinal motility and protects intestinal mucosa; and in the immune system, it reduces the activity of lymphocytes. With the exception of
In vitro (1,865 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
small number of components. For example, the identity of proteins of the immune system (e.g. antibodies), and the mechanism by which they recognize and
Polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (332 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of double-stranded RNA and is a common tool for scientific research on the immune system. Poly I:C is a mismatched double-stranded RNA with one strand
Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (2,340 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
defective Fas mediated apoptosis. Normally, after infectious insult, the immune system down-regulates by increasing Fas expression on activated B and
NOD2 (1,425 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the NOD2 gene located on chromosome 16. NOD2 plays an important role in the immune system. It recognizes bacterial molecules (peptidoglycans) and stimulates
Peanut allergy (3,151 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Anaphylaxis may occur. It is due to a type I hypersensitivity reaction of the immune system in susceptible individuals. The allergy is recognized "as one of
Immunotoxicology (183 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immune dysfunction resulting from exposure of an organism to a xenobiotic. The immune dysfunction may take the form of immunosuppression or alternatively, allergy
Ehrlichiosis (1,193 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
fatigue. A rash may occur, but is uncommon. Ehrlichiosis can also blunt the immune system by suppressing production of TNF-alpha, which may lead to opportunistic
Aminooxyacetic acid (1,170 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the differentiation of pro-inflammatory T helper 17 cells, that boost the immune system, towards induced anti-inflammatory regulatory T cells. Aminooxyacetic
Damage-associated molecular pattern (2,536 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
adaptive immune responses. The second suggested the possibility that the immune system detected "danger", through a series of what we would now call damage
Gut flora (8,901 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cytokines that can drive the immune system to produce inflammation in order to protect itself, and that can tamp down the immune response to maintain homeostasis
Atopy (2,117 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of infectious stimuli that are necessary for the proper development of the immune system. The decrease in exposure to infectious stimuli may result in an
Polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (332 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of double-stranded RNA and is a common tool for scientific research on the immune system. Poly I:C is a mismatched double-stranded RNA with one strand
Gut flora (8,901 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cytokines that can drive the immune system to produce inflammation in order to protect itself, and that can tamp down the immune response to maintain homeostasis
Opportunistic infection (1,010 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to prevent infection. Such a strategy usually includes restoration of the immune system as soon as possible, avoiding exposures to infectious agents, and
Schistosoma haematobium (727 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the liver to mature into adult flukes. In order to avoid detection by the immune system inside the host, the adults have the ability to coat themselves
Lupus erythematosus (1,455 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antigen (HLA) family, which are largely related to healthy functioning of the immune system. There have been several cases where a single gene influence appears
Mosquito-borne disease (1,439 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
feeding is often undetected; the bite only becomes apparent because of the immune reaction it provokes. When a mosquito bites a human, it injects saliva
List of life sciences (4,337 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
between the immune system and genetics. Autoimmune diseases, such as type 1 diabetes, are complex genetic traits which result from defects in the immune system
Periodontal abscess (1,190 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
their way into the soft tissues, but normally they are held in check by the immune system. A periodontal abscess represents a change in this balance, related
Original antigenic sin (1,105 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
foreign entity (e.g. a virus or bacterium) is encountered. This leaves the immune system "trapped" by the first response it has made to each antigen, and
Gestational pemphigoid (936 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
loss of hemidesmosomes causes the epidermis to separate from dermis. The immune response is even more highly restricted to the NC16A domain. The primary
Virus latency (1,711 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
subfamily is associated with episomal latency established in cells of the immune system, such as B-cells in the case of Epstein-Barr Virus. In the case
Complement-dependent cytotoxicity (141 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
processes in the immune system that kill pathogens by damaging their membranes without the involvement of antibodies or cells of the immune system. There
Lck (2,521 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
kinase) is a 56 kDa protein that is found inside specialized cells of the immune system called lymphocytes. Lck is a tyrosine kinase, which phosphorylates
Anaphylatoxin (589 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
C3, C4 and C5 are large glycoproteins that have important functions in the immune response and host defense. They have a wide variety of biological activities
Membrane progesterone receptor (2,389 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
male and female reproductive tracts, liver, neuroendocrine tissues, and the immune system as well as in breast and ovarian cancer. The mPRs appear to be
Thymus hyperplasia (171 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
peaks during adolescence, and atrophies in the following decades. Before the immune function of the thymus was well understood, the enlargement was sometimes
Chemotherapy (13,858 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
find use in a host of diseases that result from harmful overactivity of the immune system against self (so-called autoimmunity). These include rheumatoid
EGF-like domain (2,996 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The EGF-like domain is an evolutionary conserved protein domain, which derives its name from the epidermal growth factor where it was first described.
Booster dose (1,477 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
some such as tetanus need boosters. The prevailing theory is that if the immune system responds to a primary vaccine rapidly, the body does not have time
CCL19 (1,309 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
chemokine receptor chemokine receptor CCR7. It attracts certain cells of the immune system, including dendritic cells and antigen-engaged B cells, CCR7+ central-memory
Egg allergy (1,665 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
substances from the yolk or whites of eggs, causing an overreaction of the immune system. Prevention may be partly achieved through early introduction of
Frank J. Dixon (249 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
an biomedical researcher, best known for his research into diseases of the immune system that can damage other organs of the body. Dixon was also noted
Bare lymphocyte syndrome type II (802 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
complex class II (MHC class II) are not expressed. The result is that the immune system is severely compromised and cannot effectively fight infection
Relapsing polychondritis (2,696 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
anti-inflammatory medications, and more severe cases may require suppression of the immune system. Though any cartilage in the body may be affected in persons
Esophagitis (372 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Crohn's disease – a type of IBD which is also an autoimmune disease where the immune system inflames the gastrointestinal tract – can cause esophagitis if
Lymphotoxin alpha (2,612 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
immune regulation. LT-α has a significant impact on the maintenance of the immune system including the development of secondary lymphoid organs. Absence
Abscess of thymus (129 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
with congenital syphilis. Although the thymus is usually classified with the immune system, thymic diseases are classified with endocrine disorders in ICD-9
Bone marrow (2,610 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
harvested and later infused back when the therapy is finished to restore the immune system. Bone marrow stem cells can be induced to become neural cells to
TLR9 (2,206 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
bacterial genomes or viral DNA. TLR9 is expressed by numerous cells of the immune system such as B lymphocytes, monocytes, natural killer (NK) cells, keratinocytes
Cellulitis (2,631 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
susceptible to cellulitis than the general population because of impairment of the immune system; they are especially prone to cellulitis in the feet, because the
Urticarial vasculitis (697 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antibodies opsonised or "stuck” to them highlight them to other cells of the immune system for clearance. Antibodies against self proteins are known as autoantibodies
Antigen-antibody interaction (1,221 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
high affinity bound by antibodies to form an antigen-antibody complex. The immune complex is then transported to cellular systems where it can be destroyed
Immunosenescence (1,954 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Immunosenescence refers to the gradual deterioration of the immune system brought on by natural age advancement. It involves both the host’s capacity to
La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology (2,180 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
previously LIAI) is dedicated to understanding the intricacies and power of the immune system to that we may apply that knowledge to promote human health and
Fight-or-flight response (2,157 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cortisol, which increases blood pressure, blood sugar, and suppresses the immune system. The initial response and subsequent reactions are triggered in
Septic shock (2,878 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
inflammation at an appropriate level. CARS often leads to suppression of the immune system, which leaves patients vulnerable to secondary infection. It was
HIV/AIDS research (3,508 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
as well as the T cell activation, the cellular immune response, and the immune exhaustion as the infection progresses. A 2014 study with SIV found
Microfold cell (1,504 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
constitutes an important line of defense between the gut contents and the immune system of the host. Despite the epithelial barrier, some antigens are
Tonsillar crypts (379 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
crypts. Accordingly, the tonsillar crypts serve a forward sentry role for the immune system, by providing early exposure of immune system cells to infectious
Effect of spaceflight on the human body (7,059 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
blood cells, balance disorders, eyesight disorders and a weakening of the immune system. Additional symptoms include fluid redistribution (causing the
Tonsillitis (2,727 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
are filtered in the tonsils. Within the tonsils, white blood cells of the immune system destroy the viruses or bacteria by producing inflammatory cytokines
Viral tegument (385 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
viral DNA replication and evasion of the immune response, typically with inhibition of signalling in the immune system and activation of interferons.
Placenta (3,205 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the same mechanism used by parasitic nematodes to avoid detection by the immune system of their host. There is presence of small lymphocytic suppressor
Nucleotide (2,926 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
conducted in 2013 looked at the impact nucleotide supplementation had on the immune system in athletes. In the study, all athletes were male and were highly
Allergic contact dermatitis (2,192 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
two essential stages: an induction phase, which primes and sensitizes the immune system for an allergic response, and an elicitation phase, in which this
Immunoglobulin G (1,849 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
to fix complement; binding and failing to bind FcR), and the fact that the immune response to most antigens includes a mix of all four subclasses, it has
Gluten (4,104 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
result of a wheat allergy. As with most allergies, a wheat allergy causes the immune system to abnormally respond to a component of wheat that it treats as
Appendix (anatomy) (2,910 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
called Gerlach's valve. Although it has been long accepted that the immune tissue surrounding the appendix and elsewhere in the gut—called gut associated
Anti-nuclear antibody (5,994 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
autoantibodies that bind to contents of the cell nucleus. In normal individuals, the immune system produces antibodies to foreign proteins (antigens) but not to human
Tonsil (874 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
of the throat in young children. These immunocompetent tissues are the immune system's first line of defense against ingested or inhaled foreign pathogens
Ramsay Hunt syndrome type 2 (729 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
where it is kept in check by the immune system. Given the opportunity, for example during an illness that suppresses the immune system, the virus travels
NKG2D (1,541 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
ligand upregulation. DNA damage response thus participate in alerting the immune system to the presence of potentially dangerous cells. All NKG2D ligands
Acute-phase protein (828 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(part of the innate immune system) different physiological functions for the immune system. Some act to destroy or inhibit growth of microbes, e.g., C-reactive
Immunity (medical) (2,636 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
pathogens irrespective of their antigenic make-up. Other components of the immune system adapt themselves to each new disease encountered and are able to
Hemolymph (1,142 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
storage, lipid transport, enzymes, the vitellogenins, and those involved in the immune responses of arthropods. Some hemolymphic proteins incorporate carbohydrates
Atypia (268 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
problematic [cancerous/ malignant] than are myeloid progenitor cells of the immune system. The 'further back' in an already specialised, differentiated cell's
Cholecystocyte (47 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Carey, MC.; Fox, JG. (Feb 2009). "Roles of infection, inflammation, and the immune system in cholesterol gallstone formation.". Gastroenterology. 136 (2):
Lyme disease (16,448 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the production of B. burgdorferi antibodies by the immune system. The spirochetes may avoid the immune response by decreasing expression of surface proteins
Tak Wah Mak (1,613 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
1995, Mak published a landmark paper on the discovery of the function of the immune checkpoint protein CTLA-4, thus opening the path for immunotherapy/checkpoint
Central nervous system viral disease (1,127 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
gives the immune system a chance to recover and fight off infections and cancers. Even though there is still some HIV in the body, the immune system
Signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS (3,194 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
fungi and parasites that are normally controlled by the elements of the immune system that HIV damages. These infections affect nearly every organ system
Castleman's disease (1,740 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
95%. Multicentric Castleman disease (MCD) involves hyperactivation of the immune system, excessive release of proinflammatory chemicals (cytokines), proliferation
NLRC3 (152 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
domain containing 3, is an intracellular protein that plays a role in the immune system. It was previously known as nucleotide-binding oligomerization
Immune-Related Response Criteria (1,808 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Immune-Related Response Criteria (irRC) is a set of published rules that define when tumors in cancer patients improve ("respond"), stay the same ("stabilize")
NLRP6 (292 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
domain containing 6, is an intracellular protein that plays a role in the immune system. It is also known as NALP6, PYPAF5, PAN3, and CLR11.4, and is one
CTLA-4 (3,350 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
infiltration), a rare genetic disorder of the immune system. This may cause a dysregulation of the immune system and may result in lymphoproliferation
HIV vaccine (4,543 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the virus' ability to rapidly respond to selective pressures imposed by the immune system, the population of virus in an infected individual typically evolves
Calciseptine (3,132 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
a snake bite. The same goes for the immune system: the larger venom peptides are unlikely to be missed by the immune system, but immunological action
Lactalbumin (10,395 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Beta-lactoglobulin 1. Influence Of Dietary Lactalbumin Hydrolysate On The Immune System Of Mice And Resistance To Salmonellosis Bounous G., Stevenson M
Thomas Platts-Mills (307 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is mite fecal particles which are inhaled. Platts-Mills has researched the immune response to a range of allergens including those from pollens, dust mites
Journal of Leukocyte Biology (331 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the journal is on leukocyte physiology and leukocyte behavior within the immune system. Content is available for free after a 12-month embargo. Since
TIRAP (126 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
gene is a TIR adaptor protein involved in the TLR4 signaling pathway of the immune system. It activates NF-kappa-B, MAPK1, MAPK3 and JNK, which then results
Glycomics (1,738 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
concurrently in duty cycles. This technique is being used to characterize the immune glycome. Table 1:Advantages and disadvantages of mass spectrometry in
Blocking antibody (665 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Blocking antibodies have been described as a mechanism for HSV-1 to evade the immune system. Blocking antibodies can be used in a variety of medical and
C3a (complement) (1,907 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
(C3aR), a class A G protein-coupled receptor. It plays a large role in the immune response. C3a molecules induce responses through the GPCR C3a receptor
Alopecia areata (2,359 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
recurrences. This improvement is probably due to the normalization of the immune response as a result of gluten withdrawal from the diet. In most cases
Wolf Prize in Medicine (147 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antigens, which codes for major transplantation antigens and the onset of the immune response. Jean Dausset  France for discovering the HL-A system, the major
Amitriptyline/perphenazine (683 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
as agranulocytosis), neutropaenia (a drop in neutrophil [the cells of the immune system that specifically destroy bacteria] count), thrombocytopaenia (a
Human body (3,170 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
The immune system consists of the white blood cells, the thymus, lymph nodes and lymph channels, which are also part of the lymphatic system. The immune
Hib vaccine (1,677 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
place, T cell recruitment (via MHC class II) was not, which compromised the immune response. This interaction with only B cells is termed T-independent (TI)
Pneumolysin (523 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
lyse and interfere with the function of cells and soluble molecules of the immune system. Released pneumolysin will aid the bacteria during colonization
Prosperity (620 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
cause of good health, both directly through influencing behavior and the immune system, and indirectly through social relationships, work, and other factors
Suzanne Cory (1,111 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
distinguished Australian molecular biologist. She has worked on the genetics of the immune system and cancer and has lobbied her country to invest in science. She
Lucky Meisenheimer (872 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
physician, athlete, author, and actor. He is best known for his novel, The Immune, his Guinness world record collection of yo-yos, and his guides, Lucky's
Lymphopoiesis (5,993 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
issues. And it gives insight into the nature of redundancy and overlap in the immune system and hints how to use this to advantage. The partial loss of or
Intrinsic immunity (866 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Intrinsic Immunity combines aspects of the two traditional branches of the immune system - adaptive and innate immunity – but is mechanistically distinct
Cold-fX (757 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
frequency, severity and duration of cold and flu symptoms by boosting the immune system". There is no evidence that Cold-fX is effective in those infected
Robert D. Schreiber (773 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
understanding of how the immune system interacts with cancer. His work on the cancer immunoediting hypothesis has helped reveal that the immune system is not
Coinfection (735 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
is greater potential for interactions via shared food sources than via the immune system. A globally common coinfection involves tuberculosis and HIV. In
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity (96 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
research on the relationship between the nervous system, psychology, and the immune system. It is the official journal of the Psychoneuroimmunology Research
Transplant rejection (3,031 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
antigen. As the priming event in this instance occurred amid inflammation, the immune memory is pro-inflammatory. As a cell is indicated by the prefix cyto
Bacteriostatic agent (267 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
aspects of bacterial cellular metabolism. They must work together with the immune system to remove the microorganisms from the body. However, there is not
Stress (biology) (7,989 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
activity, however complex relationships do exist between the regions. The immune system may be heavily influenced by stress. The sympathetic nervous system
List of human clusters of differentiation (368 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
the immune and inflammatory responses CD55 Complement Decay-Accelerating Factor (DAF): regulatory factor in one of the three pathways of the immune system
Immunologic activation (87 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
activation is the transition of leucocytes and other cell types involved in the immune system. On the other hand, deactivation is the transition in the reverse
Journal of Neuroimmunology (83 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
1981 which focuses on the relationship between the nervous system and the immune system. The editor-in-chief is Michael Racke (Ohio State University College
Cytokine storm (2,281 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
redness, extreme fatigue, and nausea. In some cases the immune reaction will be fatal. When the immune system is fighting pathogens, cytokines signal immune