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searching for Standard Model (Exhibition) 49 found (1514 total)

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Standard Model (4,986 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article

This article is about the Standard Model of particle physics. For other uses, see Standard model (disambiguation). This article is a non-mathematical
Non-standard model (102 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
mathematical logic, a non-standard model is a model of a theory that is not isomorphic to the intended model (or standard model). If the intended model
Physics beyond the Standard Model (4,292 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Physics beyond the Standard Model refers to the theoretical developments needed to explain the deficiencies of the Standard Model, such as the origin of
High Standard Model 10 (523 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The High Standard Model 10 (HS10) is a gas operated, semi-automatic shotgun that was manufactured by the High Standard Manufacturing Company of Hamden
Particle physics (2,563 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
their dynamics, is called the Standard Model. Thus, modern particle physics generally investigates the Standard Model and its various possible extensions
Gauge boson (611 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
by the exchange of gauge bosons—usually as virtual particles. The Standard Model of particle physics recognizes four kinds of gauge bosons: photons,
Inner model (501 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
exists a standard model of ZFC (in a given universe) is stronger than the assumption that there exists a model. In fact, if there is a standard model, then
Standard Model (mathematical formulation) (5,701 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
less mathematical description, see Standard Model. This article describes the mathematics of the Standard Model of particle physics, a gauge quantum
Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (4,034 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) is an extension to the Standard Model that realizes supersymmetry. MSSM is the minimal supersymmetrical
Standard-Model Extension (1,859 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Standard-Model Extension (SME) is an effective field theory that contains the Standard Model, general relativity, and all possible operators that break
Phenomenology (particle physics) (290 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
theoretical physics to high-energy particle physics experiments. Within the Standard Model, phenomenology is the calculating of detailed predictions for experiments
Noncommutative standard model (842 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
non-commutative Standard Model, mainly due to the French mathematician Alain Connes, uses his noncommutative geometry to devise an extension of the Standard Model to
Non-standard model of arithmetic (1,126 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
a non-standard model of arithmetic is a model of (first-order) Peano arithmetic that contains non-standard numbers. The term standard model of arithmetic
Quark (6,775 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
color charge and spin. Quarks are the only elementary particles in the Standard Model of particle physics to experience all four fundamental interactions
Elementary particle (3,420 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
particle physics' Standard Model, science's most experimentally successful theory. Many elaborations upon and theories beyond the Standard Model, including the
MIT Center for Theoretical Physics (238 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
energies down through unification and beyond-the-standard-model physics, through the standard model, to QCD, hadrons, quark matter, and nuclei at the
Alternatives to the Standard Model Higgs (1,401 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Although the Higgs boson, as included in the Standard Model, is arguably the simplest method of achieving the Higgs mechanism, it is not without problems
Supersymmetry (5,587 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
problem. The Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model is one of the best studied candidates for physics beyond the Standard Model. There is only indirect evidence
X (charge) (60 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
number L (that is B − L), and the weak hypercharge YW via the relation: . Standard Model (mathematical formulation) Noether's theorem X and Y bosons
Higgs boson (18,550 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Higgs boson or Higgs particle is an elementary particle in the Standard Model of particle physics. Observations of the particle allows scientists to
Preon (2,609 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
CKM matrix elements. Before the Standard Model (SM) was developed in the 1970s (the key elements of the Standard Model known as quarks were proposed by
Gaugino (189 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
They are fermions. In the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model the following gauginos exist: The gluino (symbol g͂) is the superpartner
Weak hypercharge (339 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
although this is a minority usage. Hypercharge assignments in the Standard Model are determined up to a twofold ambiguity by demanding cancellation of
Glueball (1,601 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
that glueballs exist is one of the most important predictions of the Standard Model of particle physics that has not yet been confirmed experimentally.
Vacuum expectation value (343 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
of 246 GeV This nonzero value underlies the Higgs mechanism of the Standard Model. The chiral condensate in Quantum chromodynamics, about a factor of
Grand Unified Theory (3,029 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
physics in which at high energy, the three gauge interactions of the Standard Model which define the electromagnetic, weak, and strong interactions or forces
Top quark (3,366 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
a strange quark or, on the rarest of occasions, a down quark. The Standard Model predicts its mean lifetime to be roughly 6975500000000000000♠5×10−25 s
Lambda-CDM model (2,468 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
"Standard cosmological model" redirects here. For other uses, see Standard model (disambiguation). The ΛCDM (Lambda cold dark matter) or Lambda-CDM model
Fundamental interaction (4,209 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
mediating radioactive decay. Theoretical physicists working beyond the Standard Model seek to quantize the gravitational field toward predictions that particle
Weak isospin (403 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
photon of Quantum Electrodynamics. Field theoretical formulation of standard model Weak hypercharge Ambiguities: I is also used as sign for the 'normal'
Sterile neutrino (2,272 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
of the Standard Model except gravity. The term sterile neutrino is used to distinguish them from the known active neutrinos in the Standard Model, which
Photon (10,772 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
existence, and the term photon for light quanta was accepted. In the Standard Model of particle physics, photons and other elementary particles are described
Stop squark (262 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
wide range of SUSY models that address the hierarchy problem of the Standard Model (SM) in a natural way. A boson partner to the top quark would stabilize
Dark radiation (195 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
photons mediate electromagnetic interactions between particles in the Standard Model (baryonic matter in cosmology), dark radiation is supposed to mediate
Yukawa interaction (642 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
are pseudoscalar mesons). The Yukawa interaction is also used in the Standard Model to describe the coupling between the Higgs field and massless quark
CP violation (2,592 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
image of the original process. "Direct" CP violation is allowed in the Standard Model if a complex phase appears in the CKM matrix describing quark mixing
Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (1,028 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
acronym for Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. It is a supersymmetric extension to the Standard Model that adds an additional singlet chiral
An Exceptionally Simple Theory of Everything (4,002 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
describe how the combined structure and dynamics of all gravitational and Standard Model particle fields, including fermions, are part of the E8 Lie algebra
Theory of everything (5,833 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
particles, atoms, molecules, etc. QFT successfully implemented the Standard Model and unified the interactions (so-called Grand Unified Theory) between
Neutrino minimal standard model (84 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The neutrino minimal standard model (often abbreviated as νMSM) is an extension of the Standard Model of particle physics, by the addition of three right-handed
Standard model (cryptography) (466 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In cryptography the standard model is the model of computation in which the adversary is only limited by the amount of time and computational power available
Dark photon (183 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Beyond the Standard Model Simulated Large Hadron Collider CMS particle detector data depicting a Higgs boson produced by colliding protons decaying into
Supergravity (3,081 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
non-gravitational supersymmetric theories, such as the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model). Since the generators of supersymmetry (SUSY) are convoluted with the
Hypercharge (642 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
includes the up, down and strange quarks out of the total 6 quarks in the Standard Model), hypercharge Y is the following combination of the numbers of up (nu)
Cabibbo–Kobayashi–Maskawa matrix (2,242 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In the Standard Model of particle physics, the Cabibbo–Kobayashi–Maskawa matrix (CKM matrix, quark mixing matrix, sometimes also called KM matrix) is a
Neutrino oscillation (4,669 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
has a non-zero mass, which was not included as part of the original Standard Model of particle physics. A great deal of evidence for neutrino oscillation
Baryon number (509 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The baryon number is conserved in nearly all the interactions of the Standard Model. 'Conserved' means that the sum of the baryon number of all incoming
Tevatron (2,379 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
1995 of the top quark—the last fundamental fermion predicted by the standard model of particle physics. On July 2, 2012, scientists of the CDF and DØ collider
Kinoshita-Lee-Nauenberg theorem (152 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Kinoshita–Lee–Nauenberg theorem or KLN theorem states that perturbatively the standard model as a whole is infrared (IR) finite. That is, the infrared divergences