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searching for Radiative cooling 57 found (93 total)

alternate case: radiative cooling

Brightest cluster galaxy (513 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article

theory and astronomers have seen no evidence of cooling flows in radiative cooling clusters. The two remaining theories exhibit healthier prospects.
S400 (rocket engine) (254 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
alloy, it uses double cone vortex injectors and uses both film and radiative cooling. The S400 engines are used as primary apogee engines for telecommunication
Global Climate and Energy Project (624 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Global Climate and Energy Project (GCEP) at Stanford University, "seeks new solutions to one of the grand challenges of this century: supplying energy
Solar cell efficiency (4,502 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Zhu, Linxiao; Raman, Aaswath P.; Fan, Shanhui (6 October 2015). "Radiative cooling of solar absorbers using a visibly transparent photonic crystal thermal
Fission fragment reactor (435 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
core. This increases the surface area enough to allow for effective radiative cooling. As the particles naturally ionize as fission occurs, electrostatic
Shanhui Fan (768 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1038/nphoton.2012.236. Daytime Radiative Cooling: A. Raman; M. A. Anoma; L. Zhu; E. Rephaeli; S. Fan (2014). "Passive radiative cooling below ambient air temperature
Supercontinent (3,468 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Cold winters in continental interiors are due to rate ratios of radiative cooling (greater) and heat transport from continental rims. To raise winter
Fission-fragment rocket (633 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
chamber. The incredibly high surface area of the particles makes radiative cooling simple. The axial magnetic field is too weak to affect the motions
Thermal radiation (5,145 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Scalable-manufactured randomized glass-polymer hybrid metamaterial for daytime radiative cooling". Science. 355 (6329): 1062–1066. Bibcode:2017Sci...355.1062Z. doi:10
Atmosphere of Mars (12,894 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
than Earth's because of the absence of stratospheric ozone and the radiative cooling effect of carbon dioxide at higher altitudes. Dust devils and dust
Water cooling (4,089 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
University of Colorado Boulder and University of Wyoming invented a radiative cooling metamaterial known as "RadiCold", being developed since 2017. This
GADGET (460 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
universe. With the inclusion of additional physical processes such as radiative cooling and heating, GADGET can also be used to study the dynamics of the
Galaxy groups and clusters (1,470 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
is determined by a combination of shock heating during accretion, radiative cooling, and thermal feedback triggered by that cooling. The density, temperature
Penning trap (1,633 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
technique requires ions with an appropriate electronic structure. Radiative cooling is the process by which the ions lose energy by creating electromagnetic
Intracluster medium (1,373 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
density of the ICM is highest towards the center of the cluster, the radiative cooling time drops a significant amount. The central cooled gas can no longer
Caliente, Nevada (1,166 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
typical summer. The elevation, aridity, and clear skies allow intense radiative cooling, even in midsummer. This means hot days are followed by mild evenings
NGC 5846 (1,960 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cavities where compressions stimulate significant large-scale, coherent radiative cooling. NGC 5846 forms a non-interacting pair with NGC 5846A, which lies
Candoluminescence (908 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
tend to retain a higher temperature because of the lack of invisible radiative cooling. In this scenario, observations of candoluminescence would simply
Transpiration cooling (645 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Other techniques exist, such as film cooling, ablative cooling, radiative cooling, heat sink cooling and dump cooling. Transpiration cooling has been
Atmosphere of Triton (1,743 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
heating from the warmer troposphere and thermosphere is balanced by radiative cooling. Higher regions include the thermosphere (8–850 km) and exosphere
Takikawa, Hokkaido (1,233 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
word for a sea of clouds which is a natural phenomenon that forms by radiative cooling at night. In Takikawa, the temperature variation during the day and
Schwarzschild's equation for radiative transfer (3,582 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
locally warm the atmosphere. Where dI is positive, the net effect is "radiative cooling". By repeated approximation, Schwarzschild's equation can be used
Radiant heating and cooling (4,386 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Linxiao; Rephaeli, Eden; Fan, Shanhui (November 2014). "Passive radiative cooling below ambient air temperature under direct sunlight". Nature. 515
Schottky diode (2,419 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
junction temperatures of over 500 K (about 200 °C), which allows passive radiative cooling in aerospace applications. While standard silicon diodes have a forward
Humidity (3,325 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
surface liquid, cooling the earth's surface. This is the biggest non-radiative cooling effect at the surface. It compensates for roughly 70% of the average
Greenhouse effect (3,320 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
heating, it is desirable to minimise the amount of heat leaking out by radiative cooling. This can be done through the use of adequate glazing. The anti-greenhouse
Ratko Janev (873 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Data Section (1995). First IAEA Research Co-ordination Meeting on "Radiative Cooling Rates of Fusion Plasma Impurities". IAEA Nuclear Data Section. Janev
Pahrump, Nevada (2,514 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the lack of an urban heat island in Pahrump, allowing for intense radiative cooling after sundown. As a result, summer nights are pleasantly warm, bottoming
Hydronium (3,567 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Melnick, G. J. (1995). "Thermal Balance in Dense Molecular Clouds: Radiative Cooling Rates and Emission-Line Luminosities". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement
Greenhouse (4,052 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
effect". Quantitative studies suggest that the effect of infrared radiative cooling is not negligibly small, and may have economic implications in a heated
Wind shear (3,557 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
increasingly mixed with winds aloft due to insolation, or solar heating. Radiative cooling overnight further enhances wind decoupling between the winds at the
Air well (condenser) (5,310 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
condenser to ensure its functioning. Another cooling phenomenon — radiative cooling — must operate. It is therefore at night-time, when the condenser
Ely, Nevada (2,979 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
air, clear skies, and location in a valley, allowing for intense radiative cooling at sunset, even after hot summer days. The monthly mean temperature
Blackheath, New South Wales (2,111 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
temperatures in the −3 to 5 °C (27 to 41 °F) range as the coldest air during radiative cooling (clear, calm nights) drains into the valleys. In summer, average maximum
Snow science (3,769 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
vapor from the atmosphere toward the snow surface, which is cooled by radiative cooling below ambient temperature. Melt Forms (MF) – Range from clustered
Accretion disk (3,953 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
spectra, i.e. not much different from that of a sum of black bodies. Radiative cooling is very efficient in thin disks. The classic 1974 work by Shakura
Albedo (4,838 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
turn leads to increased cloud albedo, increased light scattering and radiative cooling (first indirect effect), but also leads to reduced precipitation efficiency
Photon upconversion (2,204 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ISSN 2041-1723. PMID 25430519. Raman, A. P.; et al. (2014). "Passive radiative cooling below ambient air temperature under direct sunlight". Nature. 515
Photovoltaic thermal hybrid solar collector (2,807 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
heat via the PVT collector to the ambient air or by utilizing the radiative cooling effect. In doing so, cold air or water is harnessed, which can be
Research Institute for Nuclear Problems of Belarusian State University (1,281 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of high-energy γ-quanta in crystals was predicted. The effect of radiative cooling of high-energy electrons in crystals was predicted and observed at
Avalanche (6,687 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
temperatures fall below freezing, through the process of long-wave radiative cooling, or both. Radiative heat loss occurs when the night air is significantly
Taichung (4,888 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
west coast of Taiwan near Taichung. Due to Taichung plain's strong radiative cooling effect[citation needed], Taichung City is one of the few cities of
Component parts of internal combustion engines (3,299 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
liquid (usually water) cooling, while some very hot engines using radiative cooling (especially some rocket engines). Some high-altitude rocket engines
Bumblebee (11,028 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
temperature, via solar radiation, internal mechanisms of "shivering" and radiative cooling from the abdomen (called heterothermy). Other bees have similar physiology
Zhengzhou (6,020 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
during summer; in winter, when the vast Siberian High dominates due to radiative cooling from further north, the area receives little precipitation. During
Black (12,637 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
a thermodynamic rule, it is also the best emitter. Thus, the best radiative cooling, out of sunlight, is by using black paint, though it is important
Sun (18,273 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ionization of helium in the transition region, which significantly reduces radiative cooling of the plasma. The transition region does not occur at a well-defined
Milky Way (18,131 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
BD +17° 3248. Once a white dwarf is formed, it begins to undergo radiative cooling and the surface temperature steadily drops. By measuring the temperatures
Richard Lindzen (7,436 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and was modified to include the importance of attenuation due to radiative cooling. The revised theory was published in the Holton and Lindzen (1972)
Building insulation materials (7,518 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
keep attics cooler in the summer and in hot climates. To maximize radiative cooling at night, they are often chosen to have high thermal emissivity, whereas
Urban heat island (11,922 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cool sky, and this is blocked by the buildings in an urban area. Radiative cooling is more dominant when wind speed is low and the sky is cloudless,
Brown dwarf (12,309 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
heavier elements, which determines the atmospheric opacity and thus the radiative cooling rate. The Extrasolar Planets Encyclopaedia includes objects up to
Nonimaging optics (5,600 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
5529, pp. 35–47, 2004 Compound Parabolic Concentrator for Passive Radiative Cooling Photovoltaic applications of Compound Parabolic Concentrator (CPC)
Shoshone National Forest (8,899 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
dry. Due to the altitude and dryness of the atmosphere, vigorous radiative cooling occurs throughout the year, and exceptional daily temperature variances
Wind turbine design (10,440 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
increase wind speed by 20% to 60%. A stable atmosphere is caused by radiative cooling of the surface and is common in a temperate climate: it usually occurs
Glossary of astronomy (13,855 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
constituent atoms, so the object's energy output normally comes from radiative cooling. See nova and Type Ia supernova. Wilson–Bappu effect A correlation
Convective planetary boundary layer (2,598 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the ground surface is the major driver of convective turbulence. Radiative cooling from the cloud tops is also an effective driver of convection. The