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searching for Mutual intelligibility 264 found (498 total)

alternate case: mutual intelligibility

Komyandaret language (57 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article

of Indonesia. It is close enough to Tsaukambo that there is some mutual intelligibility. Komyandaret at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) Hammarström, Harald;
Mayogo language (76 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
close enough to Bangba, the most closely related language, for mutual intelligibility. Mayogo at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) Hammarström, Harald; Forkel
Igala language (177 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
previous common ancestor, it remains unclear when both language split, mutual intelligibility in modern times is only marginal, although the sound/tonal systems
Gulf Arabic (922 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
intelligible varieties that form a dialect continuum, with the level of mutual intelligibility between any two varieties largely depending on the distance between
Nyangatom language (122 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
languages include Toposa and Turkana, both of which have a level of mutual intelligibility; Blench (2012) counts it as a dialect of Turkana. Vowel length is
Namuyi language (444 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Guillaume Jacques (2011). The eastern and western dialects have low mutual intelligibility. In Sichuan, it is spoken in Muli County and Mianning County. The
Purum language (135 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kuki-Chin. According Ethnologue, Purum shares a high degree of mutual intelligibility with Kharam. Purum is spoken in Phaijol, Laikot, Thuisenpai, and
Simte language (163 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Mizoram and Assam. The dialect spoken in Manipur exhibits partial mutual intelligibility with the other Kukish dialects of the area including Thadou, Hmar
Zhanjiang dialect (59 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
It is considered to be part of Southern Min though it has little mutual intelligibility with Minnan Proper (Hokkien-Taiwanese) and Teochew. Varieties of
Ponyo language (101 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Myanmar (Ethnologue). Dialects are Ponyo and Gongwang, with high mutual intelligibility between the two. Ponyo and Htang Ngan (Leinong) are close to Khiamniungan
Vaiphei language (145 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Tripura. The dialect spoken in Manipur exhibits a least partial mutual intelligibility with the other Mizo/Kukish dialects of the area including Thadou
Guarani languages (148 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
dialects) ? Xetá The varieties of Guarani proper and Kaiwá have limited mutual intelligibility. Aché and Guarani are not mutually intelligible. The position of
Kharam language (142 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kuki-Chin. According Ethnologue, Kharam shares a high degree of mutual intelligibility with Purum. Kharam Naga is spoken in the following locations of
Burun languages (186 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Evans-Pritchard in 1932. They are a dialect chain, close enough for some mutual intelligibility between neighboring varieties. Most classifications include the
Igboid languages (192 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cluster" and that they are somewhat mutually intelligible. However, mutual intelligibility is only marginal, even among the Izii–Ikwo–Ezaa–Mgbo languages.
Gbantu language (147 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the Aninka, may be another, or perhaps a distinct language, as mutual intelligibility with Numana is low. Nunku is apparently a dialect of Mada, not Gbantu
Atong language (Sino-Tibetan) (1,589 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
different languages rather than dialects of the same language is 'mutual intelligibility'. To put it simply, when two people cannot understand each other's
Kom language (India) (422 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Northeastern India. The dialect of Manipur has at least partial mutual intelligibility with the other Kukish dialects of the area, including Thadou, Hmar
Laya dialect (266 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of Dzongkha, the national language of Bhutan. There is a limited mutual intelligibility with Dzongkha, mostly in basic vocabulary and grammar. Layap Laya
Bondum Dogon (113 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
spoken in Mali. It is closest to Dogul Dogon, though not enough for mutual intelligibility. Dialects are Kindjim and Nadjamba. Bondum Dogon at Ethnologue (18th
Gangte language (168 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
with no known dialectal variation and exhibits at least partial mutual intelligibility with the other Chin-Kuki-Mizo dialects of the area including Thadou
Kyirong–Kagate languages (439 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Sherpa), Nubri, Gyalsumdo Although there is a varying degree of mutual intelligibility between these varieties, they are considered separate languages
Thadou language (1,002 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the state of Tripura. The variety spoken in Manipur has partial mutual intelligibility with the other Mizo-Kuki-Chin languages varieties of the area including
Shao-Jiang Min (186 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Gan. Actually it is a collection of dialects which have limited mutual intelligibility instead of a language. Some Chinese scholars call it Min-Gan dialects
Southern Altai language (184 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Siberia on the border with Mongolia and China. The language has some mutual intelligibility with the Northern Altai language. And the two were traditionally
Dogul Dogon (115 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
spoken in Mali. It is closest to Bondum Dogon, though not enough for mutual intelligibility. Dogul Dogon at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) Hammarström, Harald;
Sidamo language (1,062 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
results from a research study conducted in 1968-1969 concerning mutual intelligibility between different Sidamo languages suggest that Sidaama is more
Hakha Chin language (754 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hakha Chin, or Lai, is a Kuki-Chin language spoken by 446,264 people, mostly in Myanmar. The total figure includes 2,000 Zokhua and 60,100 Lai speakers
Capiznon language (273 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
to dialectological comprehension similarities and as high as 91% mutual intelligibility, but it has its certain unique accent and vocabulary that integrates
Jamsai Dogon (378 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Domno tegu, Gono tegu, Bama tegu, and Guru tegu; their degree of mutual intelligibility has not been recorded. Domno is the standard dialect, and considered
Tanga language (73 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea. Limba speakers report some degree of mutual intelligibility and call it "Old Malimba". Tanga at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Catalan dialects (1,149 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
terms of vocabulary, semantics, syntax, morphology, and phonology. Mutual intelligibility between its dialects is very high, estimates ranging from 90% to
Highland Chinantec language (91 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
two principal varieties, Quiotepec and Comaltepec, have marginal mutual intelligibility. Yolox Chinantec is somewhat less divergent. Quiotepec Chinantec
Limba language (Cameroon) (87 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
is very closely related to Duala. Speakers report some degree of mutual intelligibility with Tanga (Batanga), which they call "Old Malimba". Most speak
Domaaki language (479 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
between these two varieties, they are not so severe as to prevent mutual intelligibility. All Domaaki speakers are proficient in the languages of their host
Kinga language (69 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the Kinga tribe in Tanzania. Magoma is ethnically distinct, and mutual intelligibility with the Magoma variety is low. Kinga at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Ngoreme language (270 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Ngoreme - a northern dialect and a southern dialect - which maintain mutual intelligibility. Ngoreme shares a vowel inventory with the majority of the Mara
Totomachapan Zapotec (52 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Zimatlán Zapotec) is a Zapotec language of Oaxaca, Mexico. There is no mutual intelligibility with other Zapotec languages. Totomachapan Zapotec at Ethnologue
Guiqiong language (946 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
but communication is possible. Two or three varieties have low mutual intelligibility with the rest. It may be the same language as Sötati-pö in early
Chiltepec-Tlacoatzintepec Chinantec (88 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
principal varieties, Chinantec and Tlacoatzintepec, have marginal mutual intelligibility. They are close to Sochiapan Chinantec. Chiltepec Chinantec at Ethnologue
Paite language (576 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Zomi. There are different Paite dialects. The language exhibits mutual intelligibility with the other languages of the region including Thadou, Hmar, Vaiphei
Huilliche language (434 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Mapuche, though more research is needed to determine the degree of mutual intelligibility between the two. The "Enduring Voices" project of National Geographic
Sinitic languages (1,490 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the relationships between languages), and little is known about mutual intelligibility. Even within the dialectological classification, details are disputed
Palantla Chinantec (358 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
San Mateo Yetla, known as Valle Nacional Chinantec, has marginal mutual intelligibility. A grammar and a dictionary have been published. The language is
Havasupai–Hualapai language (2,000 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Havasupai–Hualapai (Havasupai–Walapai) is the Native American language spoken by the Hualapai (also spelled Walapai) and Havasupai peoples of northwestern
Wuhan dialect (513 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Tianmen and surrounding areas in Hubei. Wuhan dialect has limited mutual intelligibility with Standard Chinese. Typologically, it has been observed to have
Levantine Arabic Sign Language (201 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
differences within the states, their grammar is quite uniform, and mutual intelligibility is high, indicating that they are dialects of a single language
Morelos Nahuatl (325 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
variety due to its highly innovative phonology, and has very low mutual intelligibility with the other Morelos variants. Ethnologue also considers the varieties
Mashriqi Arabic (378 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
textbooks exist. The varieties of Mashriqi have a significant degree of mutual intelligibility, especially between geographically adjacent ones (such as Lebanese
Ladakhi–Balti languages (118 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and in the Gilgit-Baltistan territory of Pakistan. The lects lack mutual intelligibility and are considered separate languages by their speakers. The group
Spanish Sign Language (307 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Murcia, parts of western Andalusia and near the Province of Burgos. Mutual intelligibility with the rest of the sign languages used in Spain is generally high
Spanish Sign Language (307 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Murcia, parts of western Andalusia and near the Province of Burgos. Mutual intelligibility with the rest of the sign languages used in Spain is generally high
Ixtlán Zapotec (301 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Zapotec dialect cluster of Oaxaca, Mexico. Varieties share about 80% mutual intelligibility. They are: Yareni (Western Ixtlán, Etla Zapotec), spoken in Santa
Cieszyn Silesian dialect (3,036 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
may therefore have considerable difficulty understanding it. The mutual intelligibility with other dialects of Polish is generally higher. Cieszyn Silesian
Bila language (333 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
distinct dialects (southern and northern), but not enough to impair mutual intelligibility with their farming Bila patrons. Maho (2009) lists Ibutu (Mbuttu
Pattae' language (108 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Regency, West Sulawesi, Indonesia. Based on lexical similarity and mutual intelligibility, Pattae' has been classified as a dialect of the Mamasa language
Jaqaru language (1,625 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
needed] has noted that while Jaqaru and Kawki share a degree of mutual intelligibility, speakers of one were unable to understand tape recordings of the
Pahari Kinnauri language (335 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
dialect of Hindi, even when having a poor mutual intelligibility with it and having a higher mutual intelligibility with other recognised languages like Dogri
Yugambeh–Bundjalung languages (2,403 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and Wudjeebal; Language varieties in the group vary in degree of mutual intelligibility, with varieties at different ends of the continuum being mostly
Ashéninka language (315 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(Ashéninka, Asháninka and Northern Ashé-Ashá) based on the principle of mutual intelligibility. The varieties included in Ashéninka and Northern Ashé-Ashá have
Aytysh (290 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
against other aqyns of same nationality, but due to a high level of mutual intelligibility between the Kyrgyz and Kazakh languages, there have been cases,
Catalan Sign Language (972 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
intelligibility with Spanish Sign Language (LSE). On the basis of mutual intelligibility, lexicon, and social attitudes, linguists have argued that LSC and
Turoyo language (2,100 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Neo-Aramaic having been separated for over a thousand years, while mutual intelligibility with Assyrian Neo-Aramaic and Chaldean Neo-Aramaic is limited. Contrary
Kangri dialect (455 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
dialect of Hindi, even when having a poor mutual intelligibility with it and having a higher mutual intelligibility with other recognised languages like Dogri
Hmar languages (124 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
language are also known as Hmar. In Manipur, Hmar exhibits partial mutual intelligibility with the other Kukish dialects of the area including Thadou, Paite
Comorian languages (464 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
intelligible, only sharing about 80% of their lexicon, there is mutual intelligibility between the languages within each group, suggesting that Shikomori
Churahi (234 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
dialect of Hindi, even when having a poor mutual intelligibility with it and having a higher mutual intelligibility with other recognised languages like Dogri
Pangwali (310 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
dialect of Hindi, even when having a poor mutual intelligibility with it and having a higher mutual intelligibility with other recognised languages like Dogri
Swedish language (8,001 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
intelligible with Norwegian and Danish, although the degree of mutual intelligibility is largely dependent on the dialect and accent of the speaker. Written
Mandeali dialect (434 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
dialect of Hindi, even when having a poor mutual intelligibility with it and having a higher mutual intelligibility with other recognised languages like Dogri
Adam Morton (251 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
another's behaviour in everyday life, with an emphasis on the role mutual intelligibility plays in cooperative activity. He has also written on ethics, decision-making
Beijing dialect (3,086 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Beijing dialect (simplified Chinese: 北京话; traditional Chinese: 北京話; pinyin: Běijīnghuà), also known as Pekingese, is the prestige dialect of Mandarin
Hawaiian Pidgin (2,915 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
American English, Hawaiian Pidgin retains the highest degree of mutual intelligibility with it when compared with other English-based creoles, such as
Comanche language (3,708 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
although certain consonant changes in Comanche have inhibited mutual intelligibility. The name "Comanche" comes from the Ute word kɨmantsi meaning "enemy
Jèrriais (3,209 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Jersey colonists who settled Sark in the 16th century; and there is mutual intelligibility with the Norman language of mainland Normandy. Jèrriais is often
Western Pahari (545 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
dialect of Hindi, even when having a poor mutual intelligibility with it and having a higher mutual intelligibility with other recognised languages like Dogri
Chinese language (9,004 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of whether they are mutually intelligible. Due to their lack of mutual intelligibility, they are generally described as distinct languages (perhaps hundreds)
Tamangic languages (247 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
varieties, with a million speakers) Gurung (two varieties with low mutual intelligibility) Thakali (including the Seke dialect; ethnically Tamang) Manang
Kyirong language (260 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
lexical tone, with a three-tone system. There is a varying degree of mutual intelligibility between Kyirong and other Kyirong-Yolmo varieties. It is most closely
Dakota language (1,419 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
lexically closer to the Lakota language with which it has higher mutual intelligibility. For a comparative table of the various writing systems conceived
Tzotzil language (2,154 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Chiapas. There are six dialects of Tzotzil with varying degrees of mutual intelligibility, named after the different regions of Chiapas where they are spoken:
Languages of Sweden (3,278 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
languages, Danish and Norwegian, with which it maintains partial mutual intelligibility and forms a dialect continuum. A number of regional Swedish dialects
Uralic languages (6,835 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Uralic languages (/jʊəˈrælɪk/; sometimes called Uralian languages /jʊəˈreɪliən/) form a language family of 38 languages spoken by approximately 25 million
Picuris language (981 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. Sources on mutual intelligibility report conflicting information. Mithun (1999): "they [Taos and Picuris]
Hinduri language (216 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
currently recorded as a dialect of Hindi, even when having a poor mutual intelligibility with it. Hinduri at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) [1] Hammarström
Arvanitika (2,304 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
also mentions that mutual intelligibility may even be problematic between different subdialects within Arvanitika. Mutual intelligibility between Standard
Lobedu people (1,344 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Khelobedu is grammatically similar to other Sotho–Tswana languages. Mutual intelligibility between these TshiVenda dialects and Khelovedu is so high that speakers
Aguaruna language (3,096 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Huambisa, Shuar, and Achuar-Shiwiar. Speakers of Aguaruna claim mutual intelligibility with speakers of Huambisa, so there is speculation that the Jivaroan
Hokkien (7,848 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Hainanese, which is sometimes considered Southern Min, has almost no mutual intelligibility with any form of Hokkien. Hokkien is an analytic language; in a
Mungbam language (2,337 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
across the five villages, by some young people and all adults. When mutual intelligibility between the languages fails, most Mungbam speakers use Cameroonian
Western Tlacolula Valley Zapotec (1,973 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in the western Tlacolula Valley, which show varying degrees of mutual intelligibility. All varieties of Valley Zapotec are endangered. The languages in
Sirmauri language (326 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
currently recorded as a dialect of Hindi, even when having a poor mutual intelligibility with it. "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages
Languages of North Macedonia (1,792 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Introduction, 2nd ed. (2010, Blackwell), pg. 431, "Because of their mutual intelligibility, Serbian, Croatian, and Bosnian are usually thought of as constituting
Languages of the Philippines (6,580 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
There are some 120 to 187 languages spoken in the Philippines, depending on the method of classification. Almost all are Malayo-Polynesian languages native
Old Norse (8,137 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Swedish, of which Norwegian, Danish and Swedish retain considerable mutual intelligibility. Old Icelandic was very close to Old Norwegian, and together they
Walser German (2,143 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Switzerland (Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden, Glarus). There is limited mutual intelligibility with High Alemannic forms of Swiss German (whose speakers are called
Tsum language (282 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Tsum has a two-tone language system. There is a varying degree of mutual intelligibility between Tsum and other Kyirong-Yolmo varieties. It is most closely
Marwari language (961 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
with Dhakti [mki], and 78% with Meghwar and Bhat Marwari dialects. Mutual intelligibility of Pakistani Marwari [mve] with Indian Marwari [rwr] is decreasing
Eastern South Slavic (1,597 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Mutual Intelligibility of Languages in the Slavic Family in Last Voices/Son Sesler; 2016 DOI: https://www.academia.edu/4080349/Mutual_Intelligibility
Prekmurje Slovene (4,868 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Slovene Styria, as well as to Kajkavian with which it retains partial mutual intelligibility and forms a dialect continuum with other South Slavic languages
Chochangachakha language (443 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
genetic relationship, however, these languages do not allow for good mutual intelligibility. Dzongkha Languages of Bhutan Language shift van Driem, George L
Kullu language (410 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
currently recorded as a dialect of Hindi, even when having a poor mutual intelligibility with it. "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages
Laz language (2,113 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
separation of their communities of speakers (500 years) and to a lack of mutual intelligibility. The Laz are shifting to the Turkish of Trebizond. The Georgian
Mahasu Pahari (471 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
currently recorded as a dialect of Hindi, even when having a poor mutual intelligibility with it. Mahasu Pahari at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) [1] Hammarström
Hmar language (371 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
speakers alone.[citation needed] In Manipur, Hmar exhibits partial mutual intelligibility with the other Kukish dialects of the area including Thadou, Paite
Tobelo language (574 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
languages from Tobelo, although they do acknowledge a certain degree of mutual intelligibility. Consonant sounds in parentheses only occur in loan words or in
Bantayanon language (754 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Bantayanon and its neighboring languages, presents findings from mutual-intelligibility tests with related languages, and provides a sociolinguistic profile
North Halmahera languages (999 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(Taba), an unrelated Austronesian language. There is a degree of mutual intelligibility between the Galela–Tobelo languages, and Voorhoeve 1988 considered
Upper Tanana language (863 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
was no longer being acquired by children. Upper Tanana shows near mutual-intelligibility with neighboring Tanacross but differs in several phonological features
Qin-Lian Yue (639 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
but tiny differences on phonology and vocabulary, there is high mutual intelligibility and a great number of common colloquial words in the urban varieties
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (9,388 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
circumstance exists with Lishan Didan, Hulaulá and Lishanid Noshan. Its mutual intelligibility with Turoyo is partial and asymmetrical, but more significant in
Dhundari language (885 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and fundamental terminology differ enough to significantly impede mutual intelligibility. Dhundhari also uses some words of Sanskrit which are not a part
History of Danish (1,180 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Norse dialect   Old Gutnish   Old English   Crimean Gothic   Other Germanic languages with which Old Norse still retained some mutual intelligibility
Nadahup languages (1,163 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and Nheengatu. Nadahup consists of about four languages, based on mutual intelligibility. Nadeb and Kuyawi, Hup and Yahup, and Nukak and Kakwa, however,
Taiwan Sign Language (471 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
considered part of the Japanese Sign Language family. TSL has some mutual intelligibility with both Japanese Sign Language and Korean Sign Language; it has
Classification of Mixtec languages (1,695 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
His classification was most likely based on SIL International's mutual intelligibility surveys. Northern: Xayacatlán, Huajuapan, Chigmecatitlán Northeastern:
ISO 639 macrolanguage (4,389 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
shared writing systems and literature more whereas 639-3 focuses on mutual intelligibility and shared lexicon. The macrolanguages exist within the ISO 639-3
Languages of Bhutan (1,201 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
traditionally herd yaks and dzos. Dzongkha speakers enjoy a limited mutual intelligibility, mostly in basic vocabulary and grammar. Khams Tibetan is spoken
Kagate language (1,307 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
'stone') with high tone unmarked. There is a varying degree of mutual intelligibility between Syuba and other Kyirong-Yolmo varieties. It is most closely
Kagate language (1,307 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
'stone') with high tone unmarked. There is a varying degree of mutual intelligibility between Syuba and other Kyirong-Yolmo varieties. It is most closely
Sawabantu languages (423 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
related; for example, Limba (Malimba, A.26) report some degree of mutual intelligibility with Tanga (Batanga, A.32), which they call "Old Malimba". Oroko
Maghrebi Arabic (953 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
varieties of Maghrebi Arabic (Darija) have a significant degree of mutual intelligibility, especially between geographically adjacent ones (such as local
Ethnologue (1,467 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
follows general linguistic criteria, which are based primarily on mutual intelligibility. Shared language intelligibility features are complex, and usually
Kadu language (898 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
population and Pinlebu has the smallest Kadu population. There is low mutual intelligibility among the Kadu dialects. The Kadu were the dominant ethnic group
Hmong language (4,380 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cluster in Chinese, the proposer made the following statement on mutual intelligibility: A colleague has talked with speakers of a number of these closely-related
Neo-Aramaic languages (1,046 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the dialect continuum is incomplete, with many varieties absent. Mutual intelligibility between the varieties of the group is limited to closest neighbours
Hindeloopen Frisian (625 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
between Hindeloopen Frisian and Standard West Frisian are so big that mutual intelligibility is difficult. However, Hindeloopen Frisian has gradually become
Alemannic German (1,133 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
differentiate between languages and dialects primarily on the grounds of mutual intelligibility, such as SIL International and UNESCO, describe Alemannic as one
English in the Commonwealth of Nations (891 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
simpler than that of Received Pronunciation; this sometimes affects mutual intelligibility with native varieties of English. A distinctive East African English
Serbo-Croatian (11,988 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
spoken in Serbia, Croatia, Montenegro, and Bosnia-Herzegovina. The mutual intelligibility between their speakers "exceeds that between the standard variants
Mazanderani people (1,246 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
states that Mazanderani has different sub-dialects and there is high mutual intelligibility among Mazanderani sub-dialects. The Mazanderani and the closely
Wu Chinese (9,150 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
most internally diverse among the Sinitic groups, with very little mutual intelligibility between varieties across subgroups. Among speakers of other Sinitic
Taos language (2,646 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in Taos Pueblo. See Bodine (1979) and Eggan (1979). Sources on mutual intelligibility report conflicting information. Mithun (1999): "they [Taos and Picuris]
Pitkern language (589 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
population have meant that a serious comparison of the two languages for mutual intelligibility has proven difficult. Pronouns included aklen 'we/us' (or just 'us'
Ndau dialect (378 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
where neighboring dialects have /mw/, as in mwana 'child'. The mutual intelligibility of Ndau with other Shona varieties is fairly high, but some speakers
List of languages of the North Sea (335 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
pink area is Old Gutnish and the green area is the extent of the other Germanic languages with which Old Norse still retained some mutual intelligibility
Old Gutnish (1,129 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Norse dialect   Old Gutnish   Old English   Crimean Gothic   Other Germanic languages with which Old Norse still retained some mutual intelligibility
Euskaltzaindia (1,167 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
usually divided into 8 different dialects, varying in their level of mutual intelligibility. The first detailed dialectical analysis was by Louis Lucien Bonaparte
Garo language (1,674 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
languages are indeed Garos, ethnically; but their languages lack mutual intelligibility with the dialects of Garo and therefore linguistically distinct
North Slavic languages (960 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Belgrade: Istorijski institut. ISBN 8677431047. Lindsay, Robert. "Mutual Intelligibility of Languages in the Slavic Family" (docx). Retrieved April 29, 2017
Comparison of American and British English (11,452 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
be much less than in other aspects of the language in terms of mutual intelligibility. A few words have completely different meanings in the two versions
Chaoshan Min (1,142 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
between Russian and Ukrainian languages, while it has even lower mutual intelligibility language with other dialects of the Hokkien language. Most Teochews
Loanword (2,724 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
common borrowings and features also essentially serve to raise mutual intelligibility of the Romance languages, particularly in academic/scholarly, literary
Dutch Low Saxon (1,882 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
influenced by Standard German. Recent studies have, however, shown that mutual intelligibility is not necessarily impaired and that the basis remains the same
Westrobothnian (4,184 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Kalix dialect is however a bit different from the others and mutual intelligibility with more southern dialects is not very high. A large number of
Language barrier (1,728 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Since languages of the same family already have a certain degree of mutual intelligibility, the idea is that receptive bilingualism should allow a language
Ryukyuan assimilation policies (274 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the Ryukyuan languages as Japanese dialects, despite the lack of mutual intelligibility. "Ryukyu Shobun - SamuraiWiki". wiki.samurai-archives.com. Retrieved
Surigaonon language (895 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
if they use their own languages in conversation (similar to the mutual intelligibility between the Boholano dialect and the general Cebuano dialect). Together
Hmongic languages (2,064 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Hmongic is a diverse group of perhaps twenty languages, based on mutual intelligibility, but several of these are dialectically quite diverse in phonology
Komi peoples (1,711 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
belongs to the Permian branch of the Uralic family. There is limited mutual intelligibility with Udmurt. There are two main dialects: Zyrian and Permyak. Until
Chrau language (1,651 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
but many[who?] consider this dialect to be childish and a general mutual intelligibility in context. Although this is not the most popular dialect, there
Southwestern Mandarin (1,132 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Cheng, Chin-Chuan. "Extra-Linguistic Data for Understanding Dialect Mutual Intelligibility". Holm, David (2013). Mapping the Old Zhuang Character Script: A
Miyakoan language (1,238 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cluster as Ikema–Irabu and Central Miyako. Given the low degree of mutual intelligibility, Tarama language is sometimes considered a distinct language in
Turkish television drama (5,839 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
around the world is Beren Saat. There is also a high degree of mutual intelligibility among the various "Turkic languages", especially among the branch
Lombard language (2,379 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lombardy, in the Novara province of Piedmont, and in Switzerland. Mutual intelligibility between speakers of Lombard and monolingual Italian speakers has
History of Swedish (1,767 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Norse dialect   Old Gutnish   Old English   Crimean Gothic   Other Germanic languages with which Old Norse still retained some mutual intelligibility
Southern Thai language (1,871 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
to Central Thai, the varieties are sufficiently different that mutual intelligibility between the two can be problematic. Southern Thai presents a diglossic
Ewe language (1,802 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
form a dialect continuum with Ewe and Gen (Mina), which share a mutual intelligibility level of 85%; the Ewe varieties Gbin, Ho, Kpelen, Kpesi, and Vhlin
Tibetic languages (2,440 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
classed within 25 dialect groups, i.e. groups which do not allow mutual intelligibility. The notion of ‘dialect group’ is equivalent to the notion of language
Hashimoto Mantaro (756 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Perspective" (1992), Journal of Chinese Linguistics 20.1: 1-48. Mutual Intelligibility of Sinitic Languages, Language Log 6 March 2009 Papers by Hashimoto
Southern Ndebele language (764 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
as Zulu, Xhosa and Swati) with which it shares a high level of mutual intelligibility. However, it has (to some extent) also been influenced by other
Faroese language (2,035 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Norse dialect   Old Gutnish   Old English   Crimean Gothic   Other Germanic languages with which Old Norse still retained some mutual intelligibility
Tshangla language (1,998 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the prestige dialect. Differences between dialects do not prevent mutual intelligibility, and many loanwords have come through Classical Tibetan (Chöke)
Sioux language (2,039 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
intelligible than each is with Eastern Dakota. The assumed extent of mutual intelligibility is usually overestimated by speakers of the language. While Lakota
Hindi Belt (1,803 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
often contend that they are two separate languages despite their mutual intelligibility. Mauritian Hindi is spoken in Mauritius. It is based on Bhojpuri
Ojibwe language (6,974 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
intelligible to the speakers of the neighboring dialects." The degree of mutual intelligibility between nonadjacent dialects varies considerably; recent research
Wunambal language (1,285 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kimberley bloc"; owed to the many similarities and high degree of mutual intelligibility among the three associated languages of the Worrorra people. There
Jabo language (1,777 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
main basis of the current proposed ISO 639-3 classification. The mutual intelligibility scores reported are difficult to interpret, since even Jabo-Jabo
Puroik language (1,162 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
traditionally been considered to be a Sino-Tibetan language. There is some mutual intelligibility with Bugun, and Burling (2003) grouped it with Bugun and Sherdukpen
Amarasi language (2,584 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Uab Meto and its "dialects," it was understood that there was low mutual intelligibility between the smaller Timoric languages, due mostly to vastly differing
Bretons (2,808 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Leoneg (Leon) and Tregerieg (Trégor), which have varying degrees of mutual intelligibility. In 1908, a standard orthography was devised. The fourth dialect
Isan language (20,680 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
there are several linguistic and sociological factors that make the mutual intelligibility of Thai and Lao somewhat asymmetrical. First and foremost, most
Languages of Switzerland (2,039 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and Franco-Provençal/Arpitan, linguistically, are distinct and mutual intelligibility is limited. Increasingly, Franco-Provençal/Arpitan is used only
Italian language (9,664 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
as one of these local tongues, but sister languages of Italian. Mutual intelligibility with Italian varies widely, as it does with Romance languages in
Numic languages (1,884 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
certain low-level consonant changes in Comanche have inhibited mutual intelligibility. Recent lexical and grammatical diffusion studies in Western Numic
Group information management (910 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lamping, and T. Rodden. (1999). "Building bridges: customisation and mutual intelligibility in shared category management," in Proceedings of the international
Chechen language (2,540 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
closely related Ingush, with which there exists a large degree of mutual intelligibility and shared vocabulary, it forms the Vainakh branch. There are a
Min Chinese (2,789 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Guangdong, including Teochew and Shantou dialects, have difficult mutual intelligibility with the Amoy dialect. Most Thai Chinese speak Teochew varieties
Norn language (2,358 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Scandinavian and Mainland Scandinavian language groups based on mutual intelligibility. Under this system, Norwegian is grouped together with Danish and
Masbate (2,935 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Minasbaté is a Visayan language unique to the province. It has 75-83% mutual intelligibility with Hiligaynon, another Visayan language spoken in the southwestern
Mon language (2,889 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Tang, Northern Mon), and Ye (Mon Nya, Southern Mon), with high mutual intelligibility among them. Thai Mon has some differences from the Burmese dialects
Regional Italian (3,589 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
further from Tuscany in Italy, there are no major obstacles to mutual intelligibility of the local Romance languages and Regional Italian. Central and
Shona language (1,535 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
evolution and separation over the past 1000 years has meant that mutual intelligibility is not always possible without a period of acculturation. Therefore
Torres Islands (2,143 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
sometimes used as a cover term for the two dialects). There is no mutual intelligibility between Hiw and Lo-Toga, but many Hiw speakers are bilingual. Hiw
Shoshoni language (3,336 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and consonant changes over the past few centuries have limited mutual intelligibility of Comanche and Shoshoni. Principal dialects of Shoshoni are Western
Meriam language (1,168 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cognacy rate with its sister languages, and a certain amount of mutual intelligibility is claimed by Meriam speakers. Mitchell finds that Meriam Mìr has
Linguistic purism (1,826 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Latin scripts, respectively. Both of them exhibit a high degree of mutual intelligibility by dint of being based on essentially the same dialect (a stylized
Languages of the United Kingdom (7,214 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
clear, since there is usually partial mutual intelligibility. Since there is a very high level of mutual intelligibility between contemporary speakers of Scots
Zhuang languages (2,082 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
considered one of the varieties of Central Tai and shares a high mutual intelligibility with Wenshan Dai and other Southern Zhuang dialects in Guangxi.
Language survey (1,636 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Linguistics. Gooskens, Charlotte and Cindy Schneider. 2016. Testing mutual intelligibility between closely related languages in an oral society. Language Documentation
Paamese language (3,201 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
both groups can still communicate fully. There is no question of mutual intelligibility being impaired. Stress is phonologically distinctive in Paamese
Scanian dialect (3,501 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the 2009 annual review process, but rejected on the grounds of mutual intelligibility; it is listed in ISO 639-6 with code scyr. Within the previous SIL
Flemish literature (4,372 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
earliest stages of the Dutch language, a considerable degree of mutual intelligibility with some (what we now call) German dialects was present, and some
Tanacross language (3,392 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(formerly) Chisana. Tanacross and Upper Tanana share a high degree of mutual intelligibility, though the tonal patterns (with the exception of the Tetlin dialect
Mam language (1,907 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
varies considerably even from village to village. Nevertheless, mutual intelligibility, though difficult, is possible through practice. Mam varieties within
Demographics of Nepal (3,107 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
one day's walk. Beyond that distance, dialects and languages lose mutual intelligibility. Since Nepal's unification, various indigenous languages have come
Chamorro language (3,023 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
vocabulary of Spanish origin and beginning to have a high level of mutual intelligibility with Spanish. It is reported that even in the early 1920s Spanish
Organisation for the Advancement of Anioma Culture (1,234 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
dialectical departures, which nevertheless, do not attenuate their mutual intelligibility. The Anioma Annual Lecture Series usually precedes the Anioma Cultural
Ingushetia (10,332 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Ingush speak the Ingush language, which has a very high degree of mutual intelligibility with neighboring Chechen. The Ingush are traditionally a classless
Pichinglis (1,781 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
along the West African seaboard (cf. e.g. Fyle 1962; Wyse 1989). Mutual intelligibility within the African branch is quite high. However, an impediment
Languages of Taiwan (3,372 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Japanese Sign Language during Japanese colonial rule. TSL has some mutual intelligibility with Japanese Sign Language and the Korean Sign Language as a result
Lombardy (6,702 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lombardy, in the Novara province of Piedmont, and in Switzerland. Mutual intelligibility between speakers of Lombard and monolingual Italian speakers has
Corsican language (4,102 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
dialects and is closely related to the Tuscan dialect of Italian. Mutual intelligibility between Italian and the dialects of Corsican is in fact very high
Kabyle language (3,156 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
considered as a separate language by some according to Ethnologue. Mutual intelligibility with Far-western is difficult to absent. At the exception of Far-eastern
Akha people (4,442 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Akha-English-Thai Dictionary. Very few dialects of Akha do not share mutual intelligibility. The Akha have no written language, but there are several competing
Standard language (4,729 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
different languages. The differences between the variants do not hinder mutual intelligibility and do not undermine the integrity of the system as a whole. Compared
Eskimo (5,870 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
morphological, and lexical differences. They demonstrate limited mutual intelligibility. Additionally, both Alutiiq and Central Yup'ik have considerable
Zulu language (4,281 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
over 30 times more popular than Zulu as a second language. The mutual intelligibility of many Nguni languages has increased the likelihood of Zulu becoming
Nahuan languages (3,407 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Nahuatl are not trivial, and in many cases result in low or no mutual intelligibility: people who speak one variety cannot understand or be understood
Nahuan languages (3,407 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Nahuatl are not trivial, and in many cases result in low or no mutual intelligibility: people who speak one variety cannot understand or be understood
Proto-Germanic language (11,391 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
branches to various degrees, probably through areal contacts, and mutual intelligibility with other dialects would have remained for some time. It was nevertheless
Braille (5,846 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
are represented by the simplest braille patterns. Consequently, mutual intelligibility was greatly hindered by this state of affairs. In 1878, the International
Swiss German (4,783 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Swiss German are those of Low, High and Highest Alemannic, and mutual intelligibility across those groups is almost fully seamless, though with some minor
Mandarin Chinese (7,455 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
distinct groups of Mandarin are spoken therein. In some cases, mutual intelligibility is not guaranteed even if the Mandarin dialects concerned belong
Mazatecan languages (3,290 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
San Miguel Soyaltepec. Somewhat similar to Huautla.) Studies of mutual intelligibility between Mazatec-speaking communities revealed that most are relatively
Fuqing dialect (3,669 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
monophthongs, e.g. Yidu [ou] for Rongcheng [o]. There is a high degree of mutual intelligibility between the three branches despite their differences, and the original
Assyrian people (16,400 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
are spoken by Assyrian Jews. There is a considerable amount of mutual intelligibility between Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, Senaya, Lishana
History of English (6,378 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Norse dialect   Old Gutnish   Old English   Crimean Gothic   Other Germanic languages with which Old Norse still retained some mutual intelligibility
Malaita (5,105 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Sa'a, spoken on South Malaita, is also a member of the family. Mutual intelligibility is also aided by the large degree of trade and intermarriage among
Jean de Brébeuf (3,723 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
language. His commitment to this work demonstrates he understood that mutual intelligibility was vital for communicating complex and abstract religious ideas
Old Aramaic (3,502 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
languages, and during antiquity, there may still have been substantial mutual intelligibility. In Pesahim, Tractate 87b, Hanina bar Hama said that God sent the
Comanche (8,626 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
remain closely related, but a few low-level sound changes inhibit mutual intelligibility. The earliest records of Comanche from 1786 clearly show a dialect
English Channel (7,579 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Norse, the orange area Old East Norse, and the green area the other Germanic languages with which Old Norse still retained some mutual intelligibility.
Culture of Angola (4,508 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Namibia and Botswana. The hyphen between Kwangali and Gcikuru implies mutual intelligibility. Little is known of these groups; in any case, their members were
Visayans (5,285 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
should not, however, be confused as dialects, given the lack of mutual intelligibility. Grabiel Ribera, captain of the Spanish royal infantry in the Philippine
Matis language (3,294 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
linguistically divergent extant language in the Mayoruna branch. Due to the mutual intelligibility of many Pano languages, most speakers of Matis can also understand
Plains Cree (4,838 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(later)!". An acute accent is sometimes used on y for the sake of mutual intelligibility with speakers of Woods Cree and Swampy Cree, where ý would be replaced
Oto-Manguean languages (4,542 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
extreme, government agencies once recognized no dialectal diversity. Mutual intelligibility surveys and local literacy programs have led SIL International to
Norwegian language (6,497 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Norse dialect   Old Gutnish   Old English   Crimean Gothic   Other Germanic languages with which Old Norse still retained some mutual intelligibility
American English (8,526 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Differences in grammar are relatively minor, and do not normally affect mutual intelligibility; these include: typically a lack of differentiation between adjectives
Mesoamerican languages (5,240 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
warrant division into a number of languages which are quite low in mutual intelligibility. This is the case for example for the Mixtecan, Zapotecan and Nahuan
Azad Kashmir (6,659 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kashmir are more similar, in terms of shared basic vocabulary and mutual intelligibility, to the Gujar varieties of the neighbouring Hazara region than to
Urdu (12,736 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
dictionaries also contain most of the Sanskrit words now present in Hindi. Mutual intelligibility decreases in literary and specialised contexts that rely on academic
Valencian Community (7,383 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
terms of vocabulary, semantics, syntax, morphology and phonology. Mutual intelligibility ranges from 90 to 95%, which is considerably higher than between
Inca Empire (10,433 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the people"), or the official language/lingua franca. Defined by mutual intelligibility, Quechua is actually a family of languages rather than one single
Pali (9,250 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
related dialects of Middle Indo-Aryan, which had a high degree of mutual intelligibility. Theravada tradition, as recorded in chronicles like the Mahavamsa
Arbëresh language (3,407 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
distinctive features that result in greater or lesser degrees of mutual intelligibility. The Siculo-Arbëresh variety is spoken exclusively in the Province
Galician language (7,401 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
with Portuguese in the south, and with Astur-Leonese in the east. Mutual intelligibility (estimated at 85% by Robert A. Hall, Jr., 1989) is very high between
Dutch-language literature (6,069 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
earliest stages of the Dutch language, a considerable degree of mutual intelligibility with most other West Germanic dialects was present, and some fragments
Denmark (18,952 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Icelandic, Norwegian, and Swedish. There is a limited degree of mutual intelligibility between Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish. Danish is more distantly
Catalan language (9,774 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
terms of vocabulary, semantics, syntax, morphology, and phonology. Mutual intelligibility between dialects is very high, estimates ranging from 90% to 95%
Mixtec language (4,842 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
extreme, government agencies once recognized no dialectal diversity. Mutual intelligibility surveys and local literacy programs have led SIL International to
Minorities in Greece (4,664 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
taking into account numerous factors, including the resemblance and mutual intelligibility of each dialect to the standard languages (abstand) and the speakers'
Dacian language (16,945 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
On this view, these dialects may have possessed a high degree of mutual intelligibility. Dacian and Thracian were distinct but related languages, descended
Slovenia (20,753 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Slavic language in terms of dialects, with different degrees of mutual intelligibility. Accounts of the number of dialects range from as few as seven dialects
Croats (11,831 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Introduction, 2nd ed. (2010, Blackwell), pg. 431, "Because of their mutual intelligibility, Serbian, Croatian, and Bosnian are usually thought of as constituting
Rinconada Bikol language (5,891 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
between English US, English British and English Australian. The mutual intelligibility of Rinconada and Albay Bikol is 80% to 85%, while intelligibility
Wenzhou people (3,191 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Taizhou dialect, located directly to the north, has little to no mutual intelligibility with Wenzhou. Many Wenzhou natives[quantify] also speak a Southern
Languages of the United States (11,831 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
dialect and language isn't always clear, multiple dialects of varying mutual intelligibility may be classified as a single language, while a group of effectively
Islam in Uttar Pradesh (5,000 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
separately, while some consider any differences to be sociolinguistic. Mutual intelligibility decreases in literary and specialized contexts. Due to religious
Greeks (18,269 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Greek or Dimotiki, a wide variety of dialects of varying levels of mutual intelligibility, including Cypriot, Pontic, Cappadocian, Griko and Tsakonian (the
Demographics of Slovenia (2,353 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Slavic language in terms of dialects, with different degrees of mutual intelligibility.[citation needed] Accounts of the number of dialects range from
Central Atlas Tamazight (6,407 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
or a Berber dialect. As Berber languages have a some degree of mutual intelligibility, there is little consensus on what is considered a "language" and
Macedonia naming dispute (26,997 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
taking into account numerous factors, including the resemblance and mutual intelligibility of each dialect to the standard languages (abstand), and the self-identification
Bosniaks (17,384 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Introduction, 2nd ed. (2010, Blackwell), pg. 431, "Because of their mutual intelligibility, Serbian, Croatian, and Bosnian are usually thought of as constituting
North Slavs (3,009 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
American Civilization, Revised. Ginn. p. 157. Lindsay, Robert. "Mutual Intelligibility of Languages in the Slavic Family" (docx). Retrieved April 29, 2017
Kalaw Lagaw Ya (11,044 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Within the dialects there are two or more subdialects. The average mutual intelligibility rate, based on a Swadesh count, is around 97%. Northern dialect:
Ancient Macedonians (18,576 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Another source of evidence is metalinguistics and the question of mutual intelligibility. The available literary evidence has no details about the exact
List of central European countries by development indexes (1,914 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
original on 2 August 2017. Retrieved 2 November 2015. Robert Lindsay. "Mutual Intelligibility of Languages in the Slavic Family" (PDF). Last Voices/Son Sesler
Massachusett dialects (4,578 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
just south of Plymouth, on the mainland, the following to describe mutual intelligibility: 'Mat woh nummissohhamꝏ͝un asuh matta newahĭteo webe yeu noowahteauun
Kisii people (11,721 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
these languages have very minimal structural similarities and lack mutual intelligibility. The speakers of these languages don't understand each other and
Massachusett language (15,315 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
communication between speakers of dialects or languages with limited mutual intelligibility. Massachusett Pidgin was used as a common language over New England
Old Korean (9,499 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lee Ki-Moon and S. Roberts Ramsey argue in 2011 that evidence for mutual intelligibility is insufficient, and that linguists ought to "treat the fragments
Evolution of languages (14,134 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the plains north of Mount Kilimanjaro in the 12th century, with mutual intelligibility with Proto-Maasai. But the arrival of Bantu-speaking Chagga over