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Longer titles found: Primary motor cortex (view), Premotor cortex (view), Nonprimary motor cortex (view), Memory cells (motor cortex) (view)

searching for Motor cortex 171 found (418 total)

alternate case: motor cortex

Neuropathic pain (3,542 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article

complication rate, which increases over time. Stimulation of the primary motor cortex through electrodes placed within the skull but outside the thick meningeal
Ventral ramus of spinal nerve (393 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(i.e. efferent (anatomy)| eferrent]]and afferent - ultimately via the motor cortex in the parietal cortex - but also through the phenomenon of reflex. Spinal
Premovement neuronal activity (3,685 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
sources of late BP were determined to be Area 4 (also known as the Primary Motor Cortex) and Area 6. The current consensus is that the early BP starts first
Corticospinal tract (617 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
primary motor cortex (precentral gyrus, Brodmann area 4) or the premotor frontal areas. About 30% of corticospinal neurons originate in the primary motor cortex
Agranular cortex (118 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
agranular insula, and the precentral gyrus, the site of the primary motor cortex. An area of cortex that is only slightly granulated is termed dysgranular
Agranular cortex (118 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
agranular insula, and the precentral gyrus, the site of the primary motor cortex. An area of cortex that is only slightly granulated is termed dysgranular
Westphal's sign (186 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of the spinal cord and cerebellar lesions lesions present within the motor cortex of the brain or the pyramidal tracts which it combined with muscular
James B. Preston (1,725 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
8: 173-179, 1963. Preston, J.B. and Whitlock, D.G. A comparison of motor cortex effects on slow and fast muscle innervations in the monkey. Experimental
Neuroscience of rhythm (2,685 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
example of how this model is used is the investigation of the role of motor cortex PTNs in "corticomuscular coherence" (muscle coordination). In similar
Neural oscillation (9,246 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
across the surface of the motor cortex along dominant spatial axes characteristic of the local circuitry of the motor cortex. It has been proposed that
Computational humor (1,558 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
neural network and excessive energy of neurons is thrown out to the motor cortex, arousing muscular contractions. A practical realization of this algorithm
Cortical remapping (2,263 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
system maps, you find that the last pathway for movement to occur in the motor cortex does not actually activate the muscles directly but causes decreased
Corticomuscular coherence (570 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
coherence seem to be communication in corticospinal pathways between primary motor cortex and muscles. While the role of descending corticomuscular pathways in
Sensory maps (1,336 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
greater motor control. The somatosensory cortex is adjacent to the primary motor cortex which is similarly mapped. Sensory maps may play an important role in
Corollary discharge theory (771 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
even though the body is not moving. When a signal is sent from the motor cortex of the brain to the eye muscles, a copy of that signal (see efference
Zona incerta (2,983 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
movements. One function of the loop is to carry movement instructions to the motor cortex through zona incerta output to the ventral lateral nucleus neurons in
Kinesiology (5,124 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cause decreased neuronal activation at adjacent areas of the infarcted motor cortex. There are many types of therapies that are designed to overcome maladaptive
Digit (anatomy) (999 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Kleinschmidt A, Nitschke MF, Frahm J (1997). "Somatotopy in the human motor cortex hand area. A high-resolution functional MRI study". Eur J Neurosci. 9
Pronator quadratus muscle (492 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
pronator quadratus. This tract begins in the precentral gyrus of the motor cortex where a signal is transmitted from the upper motor nerve through the
Akio Mori (2,658 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
such as the collaborative work "Input-output relationships in cat's motor cortex after pyramidal section" released in 1981, the collaborative work "Low
Petra Ritter (neuroscientist) (493 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
are inversely related to fMRI-BOLD signal in primary somatosensory and motor cortex". Human Brain Mapping. 30 (4): 1168–87. doi:10.1002/hbm.20585. PMID 18465747
Topographic map (neuroanatomy) (2,618 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
associated with a reflex are not initiated by the motor cortex). The activation from the motor cortex travels through Betz cells down the corticospinal
60S ribosomal protein L19 (688 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
et al. (2007). "Pathways and genes differentially expressed in the motor cortex of patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis". BMC Genomics
John Hughlings Jackson (1,627 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
insight we cannot afford to ignore." In Otfrid Foerster's research on the motor cortex, he cites exclusively Hughlings Jackson for the initial discovery (although
Wolfgang Grodd (1,620 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Ackermann, H., and Grodd, W. (2001). Differential contributions of motor cortex, basal ganglia, and cerebellum to speech motor control: effects of syllable
Restorative neurology (1,681 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
soaked surface sponge electrodes. In order to stimulate the primary motor cortex, the anode electrode was place over C3 and C4. The cathode electrode
Local anesthesia (863 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Rasche D, Ruppolt M, Stippich C, Unterberg A, Tronnier VM (2006). "Motor cortex stimulation for long-term relief of chronic neuropathic pain: a 10 year
Transcranial direct-current stimulation (4,856 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
a pilot study, HD-tDCS was found to have greater and longer lasting motor cortex excitability changes than sponge tDCS. There are three different types
Oligoastrocytoma (405 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
as possible, without disturbing eloquent regions of the brain (speech/motor cortex) and other critical brain structure. Thereafter, treatment may include
Commissurotomy (363 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
on most people situated in the left hemisphere ventral to the facial motor cortex. The left hemisphere is referred to as the "talking" hemisphere and the
Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (1,189 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
been used for spinal cord monitoring. This is the reverse of SSEP; the motor cortex is stimulated transcranially, and recordings made from muscles in the
Two-streams hypothesis (3,197 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
auditory systems by making auditory code accessible to the motor cortex. It appears that the motor cortex recreates high-frequency, simple words (like cup) in
Bogomolets National Medical University (476 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
University), famous for the discovery of giant pyramidal neurons of primary motor cortex which later were named Betz cells. 1925 : Favst Shkaravsky, was an officer
Traffic psychology (1,851 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Porter: The parietoccipital sulcus is involved in visual monitoring, motor cortex and cerebellar areas—for gross motor control and motor planning; orbitofrontal
Ian Q. Whishaw (2,312 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
work on movement and the motor cortex, spatial navigation, and the behavior of the laboratory rat. Movement and the Motor Cortex Whishaw is considered a
Nucleus ventralis posterior lateralis pars oralis (92 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(1987-12-22). "Importance of the projection from the sensory to the motor cortex for recovery of motor function following partial thalamic lesion in the
Humor research (4,094 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in the premotor opercular area in the temporal lobe and moves to the motor cortex and pyramidal tract before moving to the brainstem. Wild et al. (2003)
Motor neuron disease (2,020 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Corticospinal tract. Upper motor neurons originating in the primary motor cortex synapse to either lower motor neurons in the anterior horn of the central
Sign language in the brain (2,275 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
languages. Early on, it was noted that Broca’s area was near the part of the motor cortex controlling the face and mouth. Likewise, Wernicke's area was near the
KIF3A (1,088 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
et al. (2007). "Differential expression of molecular motors in the motor cortex of sporadic ALS". Neurobiol. Dis. 26 (3): 577–89. doi:10.1016/j.nbd.2007
MT1B (363 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
et al. (2007). "Pathways and genes differentially expressed in the motor cortex of patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis". BMC Genomics
Pyramidal cell (1,495 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
corticospinal tract connections and visuomotor skill after early postnatal motor cortex activity blockade". J. Neurosci. 28 (29): 7426–34. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI
Neurotrophic electrode (2,072 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
synthesizer itself. Researchers implanted the electrode in the area of the motor cortex associated with the movement of speech articulators because a pre-surgery
Related to receptor tyrosine kinase (861 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Pessian M, Jo E, Kolodkin A, Zou Y (2016). "Ryk controls remapping of motor cortex during functional recovery after spinal cord injury". Nature Neuroscience
Cerebral infarction (2,094 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the parts of the brain affected. If the infarct is located in primary motor cortex, contralateral hemiparesis is said to occur. With brainstem localization
Tetraplegia (2,101 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Reeve. In the case of cerebral palsy, which is caused by damage to the motor cortex either before, during (10%), or after birth, some people with tetraplegia
Finger (2,030 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kleinschmidt, A; Nitschke, MF; Frahm, J (1997). "Somatotopy in the human motor cortex hand area. A high-resolution functional MRI study". Eur J Neurosci. 9
MT1M (334 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
et al. (2007). "Pathways and genes differentially expressed in the motor cortex of patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis". BMC Genomics
Scratch reflex (1,986 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
without supraspinal structures, research indicates that neurons in the motor cortex play a role in the modulation of the scratch reflex as well. Stimulation
Optogenetics (9,959 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
one to the other explains how constant optical stimulation of primate motor cortex elicits gamma-band (40–80 Hz) oscillations in the manner of a Type 2
Awake craniotomy (789 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and disadvantages of awake surgery for brain tumours in the primary motor cortex: institutional experience and review of literature". British Journal
Ali Rezai (neurosurgeon) (3,038 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
team who used a chip implant to decode and transmit signals from the motor cortex of a patient's brain to bypass spinal injury and restore limb movement
Event-related optical signal (313 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
was first demonstrated in the visual cortex in 1995, and later in the motor cortex that same year. Optical imaging Gratton, Gabriele; Chiarelli, Antonio
Brain asymmetry (2,715 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
would include handedness. Handedness can result from asymmetry in the motor cortex of one hemisphere. For right handed individuals, since the brain operates
Glossopharyngeal nerve (2,058 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
voluntary movement of stylopharyngeus muscle originate in the pre-motor and motor cortex (in association with other cortical areas) and pass via the corticobulbar
Swallowing (2,131 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and limbic system of the cerebral cortex with contributions from the motor cortex and other cortical areas. The pharyngeal swallow is started by the oral
Gamma-Amino-beta-hydroxybutyric acid (679 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
β-hydroxy-γ-aminobutyric acid upon the seizure following stimulation of the motor cortex of the dog". The Journal of Physiology. 145 (3): 570–578. doi:10.1113/jphysiol
Flocculus (cerebellar) (1,495 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
the midbrain, corticopontine fibers carry information from the primary motor cortex. From there, projections are sent to the ipsilateral pontine nucleus
Excitatory amino acid transporter 3 (1,240 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
comparisons of three glutamate transporter subtypes cloned from human motor cortex". The Journal of Neuroscience. 14 (9): 5559–69. doi:10.1523/jneurosci
Neurohacking (3,540 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
attempts at influencing the brain non-invasively. The study found that the motor cortex of the brain responds to weak electrical stimuli in the form of transcranial
Sleep and learning (2,259 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
2015). Ashe, James (ed.). "Sleep-Dependent Reactivation of Ensembles in Motor Cortex Promotes Skill Consolidation". PLOS Biology. Public Library of Science
C. David Marsden (762 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Asselman, P; Marsden, C D (1993). "Corticocortical inhibition in human motor cortex". The Journal of Physiology. 471 (1): 501–519. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1993
Yi Zuo (674 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
"Neutralization of Nogo-A Enhances Synaptic Plasticity in the Rodent Motor Cortex and Improves Motor Learning in Vivo". The Journal of Neuroscience. 34
Timothy Lillicrap (904 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
selection of works is listed below: Timothy Lillicrap (2014). Modelling Motor Cortex using Neural Network Controls Laws. Ph.D. Systems Neuroscience Thesis
Excitatory amino acid transporter 1 (1,767 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
comparisons of three glutamate transporter subtypes cloned from human motor cortex". The Journal of Neuroscience. 14 (9): 5559–69. doi:10.1523/jneurosci
Neurophilosophy (5,794 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
localization comes from studies of the motor cortex. There seem to be different groups of cells in the motor cortex responsible for controlling different
Edward Evarts (438 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
is being prepared. "Transcortical reflex" describes the operation of motor cortex in the way similar to spinal reflexes that influence spinal motoneuron
Spastic quadriplegia (1,261 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
lack of oxygen to the brain, can also cause damage in the cerebral motor cortex and other brain regions. This lack of oxygen can be the result of placenta
Sensorimotor network (377 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Haughton VM, Hyde JS (October 1995). "Functional connectivity in the motor cortex of resting human brain using echo-planar MRI". Magnetic Resonance in
Headcrab (2,092 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
with its mouth, incorporating parts of its biological workings with the motor cortex of the host's nervous system. The victim is thus taken over by the headcrab
Neuroplasticity (9,766 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
infarction) is induced by obstruction of blood flow to a portion of a monkey's motor cortex, the part of the body that responds by movement moves when areas adjacent
Dysgraphia (2,382 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
motor dysgraphia/agraphia resulting from damage to some part of the motor cortex in the parietal lobes. People with dyslexic dysgraphia have illegible
Scott Flansburg (1,024 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
instead, there was activity somewhat higher from area 44 and closer to the motor cortex. In January 2016, Flansburg hosted the TV show The Human Calculator on
Free will (23,737 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
primary motor cortex. In particular, the supplementary motor complex on the medial surface of the frontal lobe appears to activate prior to primary motor cortex
Isothalamus (3,870 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
target of the VImL thalamocortical neurons is principally the primary motor cortex (prerolandic) (Schell and Strick, 1984, Orioli and Strick, 1989) . VImM
Eshkol-Wachman movement notation (4,548 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
impairments in reaching and the movements of compensation in rats with motor cortex lesions: A videorecording and movement notation analysis. Behavioural
Neuronavigation (840 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
approved in 2008 estimates the location of the DLPFC by finding the left motor cortex and marking a spot 5 cm anterior to it. Later two more methods were introduced
Excitatory amino acid transporter 2 (2,204 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
comparisons of three glutamate transporter subtypes cloned from human motor cortex". J. Neurosci. 14 (9): 5559–69. doi:10.1523/jneurosci.14-09-05559.1994
MT1E (738 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
et al. (2007). "Pathways and genes differentially expressed in the motor cortex of patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis". BMC Genomics
Paul Flechsig (944 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
regions into: an early myelinating primitive zone, which includes the motor cortex and the visual, auditory, and somatosensory cortex; a field bordering
Sensory stimulation therapy (3,097 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
PET scans have shown that the degree of activation increases in the motor cortex of patients undergoing intensive therapies. This provides a strong support
Evoked potential (4,827 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
muscles following direct stimulation of exposed motor cortex, or transcranial stimulation of motor cortex, either magnetic or electrical. Transcranial magnetic
Sensory processing (2,902 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
neuronavigation and intraoperative cortical brain mapping improves targeting of motor cortex stimulation in neuropathic pain". Neurosurgery. 62 (6 Suppl 3): 941–56
Split-brain (5,789 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of the brain that has been damaged; if a stroke has occurred in the motor cortex, deficits may include paralysis, abnormal posture, or abnormal movement
Learned non-use (372 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Bauder, H., Sommer, M., Dettmers, C., Taub, E., & Weiller, C. (1998). Motor cortex plasticity during constraint-induced movement therapy in stroke patients
Ataxia (4,797 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
disconnection between visual-association cortex and the frontal premotor and motor cortex. Ataxic cerebral palsy Spinocerebellar ataxia Bruns apraxia dystaxia
Calretinin (1,785 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Distribution of parvalbumin and calretinin immunoreactive interneurons in motor cortex from multiple sclerosis post-mortem tissue". Experimental Brain Research
Origin of speech (19,297 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
teach young children language. Fogassi and Ferrari (2014) monitored motor cortex activity in monkeys, specifically area F5 in the Broca’s area, where
Pachygyria (2,538 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
neuromuscular condition stemming from damage to the corticospinal tract or the motor cortex that affects the nervous system's ability to receive gamma amino butyric
Trigeminal neuralgia (3,959 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Surgical options are DREZ (dorsal root entry zone) lesion and MCS or Motor Cortex Stimulation. TN needs to be distinguished from other forms of unilateral
Computational neuroscience (3,877 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
such as the cerebellum's role for error correction, skill learning in motor cortex and the basal ganglia, or the control of the vestibulo ocular reflex
Kosmos 2044 (1,811 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
studied the muscarinic and gaba (benzodiazepine) receptors in the sensory-motor cortex and spinal cord. The institutions participating in this experiment were
Transcranial pulsed ultrasound (958 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the neuron's ability to function. For instance, when focused on the motor cortex of mice, TPU has been shown to induce paw movements without changing
Outline of the human brain (8,441 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
somatosensory cortex), 2. output maps (primary motor map within the primary motor cortex), and 3. higher level cortical maps (also called "hidden layers".) Affective
Proprioception (5,347 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
PMID 14323766. Murphy, Wong, & Kwan (July 1975). "Afferent-efferent linkages in motor cortex for single forelimb muscles". Journal of Neurophysiology. 38 (4): 990–1014
Phase response curve (2,231 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
dependencies of phase response properties of pyramidal neurons in rat motor cortex". Eur. J. Neurosci. 25 (11): 3429–3441. doi:10.1111/j.1460-9568.2007
Santiago Ramón y Cajal (2,783 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
schema of the visual map theory (1898). O=Optic chiasm; C=Visual (and motor) cortex; M, S=Decussating pathways; R, G: Sensory nerves, motor ganglia. List
RPH3A (1,084 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Koc-Schmitz Y, et al. (2007). "Loss of SNAP-25 and rabphilin 3a in sensory-motor cortex in Huntington's disease". J. Neurochem. 103 (1): 115–23. doi:10.1111/j
Olfaction (5,772 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the sensation of being in the mouth because of co-activation of the motor cortex and olfactory epithelium during mastication. Olfaction, taste, and trigeminal
Dance and health (3,521 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
become activated during dance learning and performance, including the motor cortex, somatosensory cortex, basal ganglia, and cerebellum.[better source needed]
Substantia nigra (4,840 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
connected to the posterior thalamus, ventral thalamus and specifically, the motor cortex, and because participants with Parkinson's disease report having a smaller
Neuropsychopharmacology (4,240 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
schizophrenia, but cause a variety of dyskinesias by their action on motor cortex. Modern studies are revealing details of mechanisms of damage to the
Hyperkinesia (5,745 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(dysarthria), and loss of coordination and balance in long-term studies. Motor cortex stimulation is another option shown to be viable in numerous clinical
Gesture (5,198 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
areas related to language or action (Broca's area and premotor/primary motor cortex respectively)", The use of gestures in combination with speech allowed
Theresa A. Jones (1,111 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Skills Training Enhances Lesion-Induced Structural Plasticity In The Motor Cortex Of Adult Rats" Journal of Neuroscience 19 (22): 10153-10163 Nov 15 1999
Somatosensory evoked potential (2,037 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Testing with median nerve SEPs is used to identify the sensory and motor cortex during craniotomies and in monitoring surgery at the midcervical or upper
John Rothwell (physiologist) (349 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Asselman, P; Marsden, C D (1993). "Corticocortical inhibition in human motor cortex". The Journal of Physiology. 471 (1): 501–519. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1993
Theories of humor (4,807 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
neural network and excessive energy of neurons is thrown out to the motor cortex, arousing muscular contractions. The theory treats on equal footing the
Phenylketonuria (5,510 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
gray matter can also be detected, particularly in the motor and pre-motor cortex, thalamus and the hippocampus.[self-published source?] It was recently
Richard Passingham (694 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
primates, and pioneered our understanding of the premotor and supplementary motor cortex. Together with his later work using brain imaging in humans, he has changed
José Manuel Rodríguez Delgado (1,846 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
clenching of a fist, were achieved when Rodríguez Delgado stimulated the motor cortex. A human whose implants were stimulated to produce a reaction were unable
Cognitive development (4,453 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
neural activity. For example, differences were found in that of the pre motor cortex during mental calculation and that of the VMPFC during trait judgements
Pain management (6,969 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Rasche D, Ruppolt M, Stippich C, Unterberg A, Tronnier VM (March 2006). "Motor cortex stimulation for long-term relief of chronic neuropathic pain: a 10 year
Brain connectivity estimators (4,085 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the gamma band during movement in the areas corresponding to primary motor cortex, beta rebound after movement and so-called surround effect. Especially
Ruth Empson (287 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
layer 5 intratelencephalic projection neurons from the mature mouse motor cortex." Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience 11 (2018): 410. Empson, Ruth Mary
Neurotechnology (5,786 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
their ability to interact with others around them. By understanding the motor cortex and understanding how the brain signals motion, it is possible to emulate
Constraint-induced movement therapy (2,920 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
WH; Bauder, H; Sommer, M; Dettmers, C; Taub, E; Weiller, C (1998). "Motor cortex plasticity during constraint-induced movement therapy in stroke patients"
Corticobasal degeneration (4,001 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
activity in the parietal cortex, sensorimotor cortex, and supplementary motor cortex than those individuals tested in a control group. SPECT is currently
Vittorio Gallese (2,323 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
high-density EEG study investigating the effect of camera movements on motor cortex activation during action observation". J Cogn Neurosci. 26 (9): 2087–101
Autism spectrum (11,372 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
PMID 21998649. Fadiga L, Craighero L, Olivier E (April 2005). "Human motor cortex excitability during the perception of others' action". Current Opinion
Christopher Cherniak (1,563 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
connection cost minimization (e.g., cf. body maps reported in sensory and motor cortex since the 19th century). In addition, finer-scale somatotopic mappings
Leah Krubitzer (1,182 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Evolution, Leah Krubitzer, Kelly J. Huffman "Reversible Deactivation of Motor Cortex Reveals Functional Connectivity with Posterior Parietal Cortex in the
Neurostimulation (3,880 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The modulation of the brain activity by electrical stimulation of the motor cortex in dogs was shown in 1870 that resulted in limb movement. From the late
Motor adaptation (878 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
"Neuronal Correlates of Motor Performance and Motor Learning in the Primary Motor Cortex of Monkeys Adapting to an External Force Field". Neuron. 30 (2): 593–607
Arno Villringer (1,312 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
are inversely related to fMRI-BOLD signal in primary somatosensory and motor cortex. Human Brain Mapping 30(4):1168-87 Ritter P, Freyer F, Curio G, Villringer
Phenytoin (4,019 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
sodium-dependent action potentials. The primary site of action appears to be the motor cortex where spread of seizure activity is inhibited. Possibly by promoting
Interference theory (5,058 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
task was remarkably similar including anterior cingulate, supplementary motor cortex, visual association cortex, inferior temporal cortex, inferior parietal
Kuramoto model (3,120 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(2012). "A computational role for bistability and traveling waves in motor cortex". Front Comput Neurosci. 6 (67): 67. doi:10.3389/fncom.2012.00067. PMC 3438483
Single-unit recording (3,821 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Bakay R. A. E. (1997). "Activity of single action potentials in monkey motor cortex during long-term task learning". Brain Research. 760 (1–2): 251–254.
Myoclonic dystonia (2,783 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in myoclonus dystonia. GABA neurons that fire rapidly and affect the motor cortex are blocked by antiepileptics in addition to changes in sodium and calcium
Long-term depression (5,077 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
2007). "Focusing effect of acetylcholine on neuroplasticity in the human motor cortex". The Journal of Neuroscience. 27 (52): 14442–7. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI
Contralateral brain (1,875 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Cajal's schema of the visual map theory. O=Optic chiasm; C=Visual (and motor) cortex; M, S=Decussating pathways; R, G: Sensory nerves, motor ganglia.
Superior colliculus (6,166 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
determining eye movements. The frontal eye fields, a portion of the motor cortex, are involved in triggering intentional saccades, and an adjoining area
Claustrum (4,252 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in the rat: interhemispheric communication between specific parts of motor cortex". The Journal of Neuroscience. 30 (50): 16832–44. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI
Subcortical ischemic depression (1,895 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
M., Pennisi, M., Lanza, G., Malaguarnera, G., … Pennisi, G. (2011). Motor cortex excitability in vascular depression. International Journal of Psychophysiology
Evolution of human intelligence (8,075 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
area and Broca's area), and a vocal control circuit that connects the motor cortex and brain stem. The mirror neuron system is associated with social cognition
Autobiographical memory (7,486 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
autobiographical memory imaging studies, include the frontal eye fields, motor cortex, medial and lateral parietal cortices, fusiform gyrus, superior and inferior
Default mode network (6,045 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Haughton, V. M.; Hyde, J. S. (1995). "Functional connectivity in the motor cortex of resting human brain using echoplanar MRI". Magn Reson Med. 34 (4):
Homosexual transsexual (4,458 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
postcentral gyrus (including the somatosensory cortex and the primary motor cortex), the left posterior cingulate, precueneus and calcarinus, the right
Neuroenhancement (3,637 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
enhancement, Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the motor cortex (MC) is being seen as another potential method. Although it was originally
Strength training (10,784 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
other hand, men can do more explosive movement because men have a bigger motor cortex in the brain, which controls the movement and help men to generate more
Cajal–Retzius cell (3,419 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
superiores" [Studies on the human cerebral cortex. II. Structure of the motor cortex of man and higher mammals]. Revista Trimestral Micrográfica. 4: 117–200
Oligodendrocyte progenitor cell (4,103 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and fate of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells in the corpus callosum, motor cortex, and piriform cortex of the mouse". The Journal of Neuroscience. 32 (24):
Barrel cortex (2,918 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
other layers within barrel cortex and other regions of cortex, including motor cortex. These different pathways are thought to transmit different modalities
James S. Hyde (1,557 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
F. Z., Haughton, V. M., Hyde, J. S.: Functional Connectivity in the Motor Cortex of Resting Human Brain Using Echo-Planar MRI. Magn. Reson. Med. 34:537-541
Entropy in thermodynamics and information theory (5,314 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
S. at al. (2005). "Redundancy and synergy of neuronal ensembles in motor cortex". J. Neurosci. 25 (17): 4207–4216. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4697-04.2005
Speech repetition (4,525 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
little more conversation, a little less action — candidate roles for the motor cortex in speech perception". Nature Reviews Neuroscience. 10 (4): 295–302.
Procedural memory (9,563 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
pursuit rotor task tests the fine-motor skills which are controlled by the motor cortex illustrated by the green section below. The results are then calculated
Dual consciousness (4,018 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
few are actually executed. These actions are sent from the PMC to the Motor Cortex for execution. The rest are inhibited by the SMA and are not performed
Predictive coding (3,022 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
plausible framework for explaining the agranular organization of the motor cortex. This view suggests that “perceptual and motor systems should not be
Environmental enrichment (5,978 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
to conclude that an enriched environment that stimulates areas of the motor cortex and areas of the cerebellum having to do with motor learning is beneficial
Transneuronal degeneration (2,617 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Cell Sci. 8 (1): 253–287. PMID 4101588. Eisen A, Weber M (2001). "The Motor Cortex and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis". Muscle & Nerve. 24 (4): 564–573.
Andreas K. Engel (1,689 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
AK (September 2009). "Buildup of choice-predictive activity in human motor cortex during perceptual decision making". Current Biology. 19 (18): 1581–5
Michel Imbert (1,101 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
les savoirs-Vidéo". M. Imbert et P. Buser, Sensory Projections to the Motor Cortex in Cats : a Microelectrode Study. in Sensory Communication, Endicott
Channelrhodopsin (5,304 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Dual-channel circuit mapping reveals sensorimotor convergence in the primary motor cortex". The Journal of Neuroscience. 35 (10): 4418–26. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI
List of acronyms: P (3,722 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
– (s) Saint Pierre and Miquelon (ISO 3166 digram) PMC – (i) Primary Motor Cortex PMCS – (i) Partial Mission Capable Supply (SM&R code) – Power Management
Connectome (6,631 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
hours on apical tufts of layer five pyramidal neurons in the primary motor cortex after a seed reaching task in primates. Rewiring at the mesoscale involves
Functional integration (neurobiology) (2,666 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
change in verbal IQ as a function of grey matter density in the left motor cortex. The study also observed the previously-reported phenomenon that a ranking
Motor skill consolidation (1,283 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
a complex network of brain areas are involved, including the primary motor cortex, the cerebellum, the prefrontal cortex, and the basal ganglia. Given
Gyrification (4,533 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
followed by others such as the central sulcus, which separates the motor cortex (precentral gyrus) from somatosensory cortex (postcentral gyrus). Most
Gene therapy for epilepsy (3,016 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
lentiviral delivery of KCNA1 has been reported in a rodent model of focal motor cortex epilepsy. The treatment was well tolerated, with no detectable effect
Right hemisphere brain damage (5,031 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
occurring motor deficit is left-sided hemiparesis (in strokes affecting the motor cortex). A less common motor deficit in this population is dysphagia. Patients
Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Functional Brain Topography (1,814 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Gartus A, Streibl B, Moser E, Deecke L: Finger somatotopy in human motor cortex. NeuroImage 13: 1016-1026 (2001). Beisteiner R, Altenmüller E, Lang W
Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Functional Brain Topography (1,814 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Gartus A, Streibl B, Moser E, Deecke L: Finger somatotopy in human motor cortex. NeuroImage 13: 1016-1026 (2001). Beisteiner R, Altenmüller E, Lang W
Spike-and-wave (3,639 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
initiated in the somatosensory cortex and then spread rapidly to the motor cortex and thalamic nuclei. Using in vivo intracellular recordings, it was found
Interoception (7,575 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
tasks that elicit strong aversive feeling states like pain. The sensory motor cortex provides an alternative pathway for sensing interoceptive stimuli. Although
Dynamic functional connectivity (3,523 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Haughton, V. M.; Hyde, J. S. (1995). "Functional connectivity in the motor cortex of resting human brain using echo-planar MRI". Magnetic Resonance in
Bryan Kolb (1,727 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
anatomical, neurophysiological, and functional recovery from neonatal motor cortex injury. European Journal of Neuroscience, 24 ,740-749. Robinson, T.E
Embodied language processing (3,893 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
system may not be true. However, in contrast, other research has found motor cortex activation for the metaphorical usage of action verbs. One such study
Patria Hume (2,636 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Stravric, V., Brown, S., & Taylor, D. (2017). NZ Rugby Health study: Motor cortex excitability in retired elite and community level rugby players. New
The Tale of the Dueling Neurosurgeons (4,010 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and legs about wildly. He believed he had stuck the electrodes on the motor cortex. She later died. Woodrow Wilson traveled the country with the intention