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searching for Governorate of Livonia 289 found (658 total)

alternate case: governorate of Livonia

Valmieras apriņķis (162 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article

Valmieras apriņķis (German: Kreis Wolmar, Russian: Вольмарский уезд) was a historic county of Latvia. Its capital was Valmiera (Wolmar). The county of
Yuri Gaven (561 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Yuri Gaven is a Latvian revolutionary of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union, chekist, key figure in defeating of the Crimean People's Republic (with
Gustavs Celmiņš (933 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Gustavs Celmiņš (April 1, 1899 in Riga – April 10, 1968), was a Latvian politician, who was the founder of the Pērkonkrusts (Latvian pronunciation: [ˈpæːr
Ilmar Raud (331 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ilmar Raud (30 April 1913 – 13 July 1941) was an Estonian chess master. Raud was born in Viljandi, Estonia. He played several times in the Estonian championships
David Magarshack (106 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
David Magarshack (23 December 1899 – 26 October 1977) was a British translator and biographer of Russian authors, best remembered for his translations
Johannes Sikkar (343 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Johannes Sikkar (October 15, 1897 – August 22, 1960) was the first head of the Estonian government in exile as Acting Prime Minister (January 12, 1953
Arnold Viiding (161 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Arnold Viiding (19 March 1911 in Valga, Estonia – 20 October 2006 in Sydney, Australia) was an Estonian shot putter and discus thrower. At the 1936 Summer
Voldemārs Zāmuēls (49 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Voldemārs Zāmuēls (22 May 1872, Dzērbene parish – 16 January 1948, Ravensburg, Germany) held the office as Prime Minister of Latvia from 27 January 1924
Hermanis Matisons (157 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hermanis Matisons (also known as Herman Mattison; 1894, Riga – 1932) was a Latvian chess player and one of world's most highly regarded chess masters in
Arturs Alberings (52 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Arturs Alberings (8 January 1876, in Rūjiena, Valmiera district – 26 April 1934, in Riga) held the office as 6th Prime Minister of Latvia from 7 May 1926
Alfred Neuland (212 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Alfred Karl Neuland (10 October 1895 – 16 November 1966) was an Estonian weightlifter. He competed in the 1920 and 1924 Olympics and won a gold and a silver
Konrāds Kalējs (814 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Konrāds Kalējs (26 June 1913 – 8 November 2001) was a Latvian soldier who was a Nazi collaborator and an alleged war criminal during World War II. He gained
Kārlis Lobe (599 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Kārlis Lobe (26 March 1895 – 9 July 1985) was a Latvian officer in the Imperial Russian Army, Latvian Army and the Latvian Legion, recipient of the Order
Johannes Türn (330 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Johannes Türn (27 May 1899, Tartu – 8 March 1993 Tallinn) was an Estonian chess player. Türn played in numerous Estonian championships. In 1923, he took
Vilhelm Knorin (203 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Vilgelm Georgiyevich Knorin (Russian: Вильге́льм Гео́ргиевич Кно́рин, Latvian: Vilhelms "Vilis" Knoriņš; (1890–1939)) was the second First secretary of
Martin Klein (wrestler) (377 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Nationality Estonian Born 12 September 1884 Tarvastu, Kreis Fellin Governorate of Livonia Died 11 February 1947 Tarvastu, Estonia Height 1.74 m (5 ft 9 in)
August Sabbe (280 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
August Sabbe (1 September 1909 – 27 or 28 September 1978) was one of the last surviving Estonian members of the Forest Brothers, a group of citizens of
Arvīds Bārda (264 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Arvīds Bārda (11 November 1901 – 11 November 1940) was a Latvian footballer, brother of Edvīns Bārda, Rūdolfs Bārda and Oskars Bārda. He was born and died
Aleksander Hellat (63 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Aleksander Hellat (20 August [O.S. 8 August] 1881 in Tartu – 28 November 1943 in Kemerovo Oblast) was an Estonian politician and a former Minister of Foreign
Vera Mukhina (846 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Vera Ignatyevna Mukhina (Russian: Ве́ра Игна́тьевна Му́хина; Latvian: Vera Muhina; 1 July [O.S. 19 June] 1889 – 6 October 1953) was a prominent Soviet
Robert Keres (60 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Robert Keres (14 August 1907 – 29 October 1946) was an Estonian basketball player. He competed in the 1936 Summer Olympics. He died from wounds he suffered
Edvīns Bārda (376 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Edvīns Bārda (6 April 1900 in Riga – 28 September 1947 in Liverpool) was a Latvian footballer and manager, the elder and most popular of four football
Felix Kersten (890 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Eduard Alexander Felix Kersten (30 September 1898 – 16 April 1960) was the personal physical therapist of Heinrich Himmler. Kersten used his contacts with
Aleksander Laak (880 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Aleksander (Alexander) Laak (24 August 1907 – 6 September 1960) was a lieutenant and the commander of the Jägala concentration camp during the German occupation
August Koern (36 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
August Koern (27 April 1900 in Uue-Võidu, Viljandi County – 11 January 1989 in Copenhagen) was an Estonian statesman and diplomat. He was Estonian foreign
Rūdolfs Bārda (169 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Rūdolfs Bārda (7 February 1903, Riga – 24 January 1991, Riga) was a Latvian footballer, brother of Edvīns Bārda, Arvīds Bārda and Oskars Bārda. Rūdolfs
Artur Amon (58 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Artur Amon (17 February 1916 – August 1944) was an Estonian basketball player. He competed in the 1936 Summer Olympics. He was killed in action during
Hans Rebane (104 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hans Rebane (24 December [O.S. 12 December] 1882 – 16 December 1961) was an Estonian politician, diplomat and journalist. He served as the Minister of
Pēteris Lauks (284 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pēteris Lauks (10 February 1902 in Riga – 15 March 1984 in Kitchener, Canada) was a Latvian football defender, one of the most capped footballers for Latvia
Martin Latsis (398 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Martin Ivanovich Latsis (Russian: Мартын Иванович Лацис Latvian: Mārtiņš Lācis, born Jānis Sudrabs) (December 14, 1888 – February 11, 1938) was a Soviet
Heiti Talvik (241 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Heiti Talvik (9 November 1904 – 18 July 1947) was an Estonian poet. Heiti Talvik's father was a family doctor based in Tartu and his mother was a pianist
Betti Alver (239 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Elisabet "Betti" Alver (23 November [O.S. 10 November] 1906 in Jõgeva – 19 June 1989 in Tartu) (from the year 1937 Elisabet Talvik, and from the year 1956
Artur Adson (257 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Artur Adson (3 February [O.S. 22 January] 1889 – 5 January 1977) was an Estonian poet, writer and theatre critic. Artur Adson (born Karl Arthur Adson)
Friedebert Tuglas (339 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Friedebert Tuglas, born Friedebert Mihkelson or Michelson (2 March 1886, Ahja – 15 April 1971, Tallinn) was an Estonian writer and critic who introduced
Marija Leiko (471 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Marija Leiko (also known as Marija Leyko; 14 August 1887, Riga, Latvia – 3 February 1938, Moscow, USSR) was a Latvian silent movie actress in Europe since
Arkādijs Pavlovs (278 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Arkādijs Pavlovs (2 February 1903, in Riga – 26 June 1960, in Riga) was a Latvian footballer and football manager, a five-time champion of Latvia. Pavlovs
Joakim Puhk (586 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Joakim Puhk (25 May 1888 – 14 September 1942) was an Estonian businessman, economist and Rotarian; a member of the International Chamber of Commerce, and
Eduard Pütsep (226 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Eduard Pütsep (21 October 1898 – 22 August 1960) was an Estonian wrestler. He competed in Greco-Roman wrestling in the 1920, 1924 and 1928 Olympics and
Ernst Enno (311 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ernst Enno (8 June [O.S. 27 May] 1875 in Valguta – 7 March 1934 in Haapsalu) was an Estonian poet and writer. Ernst Enno was born in Köödsa inn as the
Aleksander Mitt (133 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Aleksander Mitt (8 February 1903 in Tartu, Estonia – 18 April 1942, Kirov, Russia) was an Estonian speed skater who competed at the 1928 and 1936 Winter
Karl von Struve (780 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Karl von Struve (26 November 1835 – 26 June 1907) (Russian: Кирилл Васильевич Струве) (Alternate spelling in U.S.: de Struve) was a Russian nobleman and
Evald Mahl (107 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Evald Mahl (14 April 1915 – 18 January 2001) was an Estonian basketball player. He competed in the 1936 Summer Olympics. Mahl began playing basketball
Solomon Rosowsky (335 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Solomon Rosowsky (1878, Riga –1962) was a cantor (hazzan) and composer, and son of the Rigan cantor, Baruch Leib Rosowsky. Rosowsky began to study music
Karl von Struve (780 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Karl von Struve (26 November 1835 – 26 June 1907) (Russian: Кирилл Васильевич Струве) (Alternate spelling in U.S.: de Struve) was a Russian nobleman and
Mihkel Pung (88 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Mihkel Pung (19 October [O.S. 7 October] 1876 in Vana-Põltsamaa Parish [et] – 11 October 1941 in Sevurallag [et], Sverdlovsk Oblast) was an Estonian politician
Harald Keres (128 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Harald Keres (15 November [O.S. 2 November] 1912, Pärnu – 26 June 2010) was an Estonian physicist considered to be the father of the Estonian school of
Arvīds Jurgens (533 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Arvīds Jurgens (27 May 1905 in Riga, Russian Empire – 17 December 1955 in Montreal, Quebec) was a Latvian footballer, ice hockey, basketball and bandy
Rihards Zariņš (423 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Rihards Zariņš (also Richards Zarriņš or Richard Sarrinsch in German; 27 June 1869 – 21 April 1939) was a prominent Latvian graphic artist. He was born
Klaudia Taev (126 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Klaudia Taev (13 April 1906 in Saaremaa – 7 June 1985 in Pärnu) was an Estonian Vocal pedagogue. Born into a teacher’s family on the Estonian island of
Lya Mara (760 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Lya Mara (1 August 1897 – 1 March 1960) was one of the biggest stars of the German silent cinema. Lya Mara was born Aleksandra Gudowicz in a Polish family
Jaan Kikkas (151 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Juhan "Jaan" Kikkas (5 June 1892 – 9 March 1944) was an Estonian middleweight weightlifter. He won a bronze medal at the 1924 Summer Olympics, setting
Yeshayahu Leibowitz (1,552 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Yeshayahu Leibowitz (Hebrew: ישעיהו ליבוביץ‎; 29 January 1903 – 18 August 1994) was an Israeli Orthodox Jewish public intellectual and polymath. He was
Rūdolfs Ronis (36 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Rūdolfs Ronis (7 March 1897 – 30 March 1970) was a Latvian wrestler. He competed in the Greco-Roman lightweight event at the 1924 Summer Olympics. "Rūdolfs
Johannes Aavik (695 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Johannes Aavik (8 December [O.S. 26 November] 1880 in Randvere, Saaremaa, Estonia (then Russian Empire) – 18 March 1973 in Stockholm, Sweden) was an Estonian
Adamson-Eric (204 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Erich Carl Hugo Adamson (18 August 1902 – 2 December 1968), more commonly known as Adamson-Eric, was an Estonian artist who worked mainly within the medium
Yan Karlovich Berzin (610 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Yan (Ian) Karlovich Berzin (Russian: Ян Карлович Берзин; Latvian: Jānis Bērziņš; real name Pēteris Ķuzis; 25 November [O.S. 13 November 1889] 1889, Kreis
Nechama Leibowitz (622 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Nehama Leibowitz (Hebrew: נחמה ליבוביץ׳; September 3, 1905 – 12 April 1997 ) was a noted Israeli Bible scholar and commentator who rekindled interest in
Marie Heiberg (548 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Marie Heiberg (10 September 1890 – 15 February 1942) was an Estonian poet. When she was only about 15 years old she wrote her first poems which were acclaimed
Gustav Fabergé (697 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Gustav Fabergé (1814 in Pernau – 1893 in Dresden) was a Baltic German jeweller and father of Peter Carl Fabergé, maker of Fabergé eggs. He established
Voldemar Väli (214 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Voldemar Väli (10 January 1903 – 13 April 1997) was an Estonian two-time Olympic medalist in Greco-Roman wrestling. Väli started training in wrestling
Hugo Raudsepp (593 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hugo Raudsepp (July 10, 1883 – September 15, 1952) was an influential and prolific Estonian playwright and politician. In 1951 he was deported to the Irkutsk
Nikolai Karotamm (100 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Nikolai Karotamm (October 23, 1901, Pärnu – September 21, 1969) was an Estonian communist politician. Following the Second World War led multiple Repatriation
Andreas Eberhard von Budberg (292 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Andreas Eberhard Freiherr von Budberg-Bönninghausen (Russian: Андрей Яковлевич Будберг; tr. Andrey Yakovlevich Budberg) (10 August 1750 – 1 September 1812)
Piers Bohl (209 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Piers Bohl (October 23, 1865 – December 25, 1921) was a Latvian mathematician, who worked in differential equations, topology and quasi-periodic functions
Elmar Lipping (35 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Elmar Lipping (March 7, 1906 in Riga – January 5, 1994 in New York City) was an Estonian statesman and soldier. He was Estonian foreign minister in exile
Kārlis Baumanis (277 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Kārlis Baumanis (11 May 1835 – 10 January 1905), better known as Baumaņu Kārlis, was an ethnic Latvian composer in the Russian Empire. He is the author
Hermann Clemenz (121 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hermann Clemenz (23 January 1846 – 28 March 1908) was an Estonian chess master. Born in Dorpat (Tartu), Estonia (then Russian Empire), he began his chess
Voldemārs Plade (348 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Voldemārs Plade (sometimes also called Valdis Plade; born 24 December 1900 in Riga - ?) was a Latvian football forward and manager, the most notable of
Karl Pärsimägi (411 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Karl Pärsimägi (11 May 1902 in Oe, Antsla Parish – 27 July 1942 in Auschwitz) was an Estonian Fauvist painter. Born in 1902, Pärsimägi was the son of a
Johannes Semper (98 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Johannes Semper (22 March [O.S. 10 March] 1892 – 21 February 1970) was an Estonian poet, writer, translator and politician. He was born in Pahuvere, Viljandi
Roman Toi (363 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Roman Toi (June 18, 1916 – May 7, 2018) was an Estonian-Canadian composer, choir conductor, and organist. Influenced by Ralph Vaughan Williams, Toi's music
Wolfgang Ostwald (98 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Carl Wilhelm Wolfgang Ostwald (27 May 1883 – 22 November 1943) was a German chemist and biologist researching colloids. Ostwald was born in Riga, the son
Ernst von Bergmann (726 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ernst von Bergmann (16 December 1836 – 25 March 1907) was a Baltic German surgeon. He was the first physician to introduce heat sterilisation of surgical
Konstantin Posyet (614 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Konstantin Posyet (Russian: Константин Николаевич Посьет, Konstantin Nikolaevich Pos’et, 21 December 1819 (2 January 1820 New Style) – 26 April (8 May)
Oskar Kallas (430 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Oskar Kallas (25 October [O.S. 13 October] 1868 in Kirikuküla, Saaremaa – 26 January 1946 in Stockholm) was an Estonian diplomat, linguist and folklorist
Philippe Halsman (1,297 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Philippe Halsman (Latvian: Filips Halsmans, German: Philipp Halsmann; 2 May 1906 – 25 June 1979) was an American portrait photographer. He was born in
Jānis Cimze (666 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jānis Cimze (3 July/21 June 1814 — 22 October/10 October 1881) was a Latvian pedagogue, collector and harmoniser of folk songs, organist, founder of Latvian
Nikolai Helk (67 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Nikolai Helk (25 February 1886 in Laiuse Kirikuküla, Jõgeva Parish – 14 May 1941 in Tallinn) was an Estonian Major General Judge Advocate and President
Endel Aruja (493 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Endel Aruja (5 July 1911 – 4 February 2008) was an Estonian physicist specialising in X-ray crystallography, encyclopedian, librarian, supporter of libraries
Kārlis Vilciņš (36 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Kārlis Vilciņš (1 November 1892 – 7 May 1972) was a Latvian wrestler. He competed in the Greco-Roman middleweight event at the 1924 Summer Olympics. "Kārlis
Karl Ast (423 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Karl Ast (pseudonym: Karl Rumor, 19 February 1886, Orava – 9 July 1971, New York City) was an Estonian writer and politician. Ast's older brother, Gottlieb
Hugo Treffner (253 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hugo Hermann Fürchtegott Treffner (17 July 1845 – 13 March 1912) was the founder and first director of the Hugo Treffner Gymnasium in Tartu, and an important
Ellinor Aiki (581 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ellinor Aiki (11 January 1893 - 25 October 1969) was an Estonian painter who is possibly best recalled for her works in later life of vibrant and colorful
Tõnis Kint (551 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Tõnis Kint (17 August [O.S. 5 August] 1896 – 5 January 1991) was an Estonian politician. He served as "Prime Minister in duties of the President" (in other
Theodor Luts (214 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Theodor Luts (14 August [O.S. 2 August] 1896 in Palamuse – 24 September 1980 in São Paulo) was an Estonian film director and cinematographer, brother of
Ādams Alksnis (256 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ādams Alksnis (10 March 1864 – 21 March 1897) was a Latvian painter. He is one of the first painters who started to paint daily scenes from Latvian peasant
Mihkel Klaassen (107 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Mihkel Klaassen (24 February 1880 – 7 March 1952) was a justice of the Supreme Court of Estonia since 1924. Klaassen was a member of the Electoral Committee
Balthasar von Campenhausen (455 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Balthasar Freiherr von Campenhausen (Russian: Балтазар Балтазарович Кампенгаузен, Baltazar Baltazarovich Kampengauzen) (1772, Lenzenhof, –1823) was a Baltic
Viktor Puskar (169 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Viktor Puskar VR I/1 (7 May [O.S. 25 April] 1889 in Viljandi – 12 April 1943 in Tartu) was an Estonian military commander (Colonel) during the Estonian
Oskar Loorits (161 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Oskar Loorits (9 November [O.S. 27 October] 1900 – 12 December 1961) was an Estonian folklorist. Loorits was born in Suure-Kõpu Parish, Viljandi County
Martin Lipp (114 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Martin Lipp (14 April [O.S. 2 April] 1854 in Vooru, Viljandi Parish – 8 March 1923 in Tallinn) was an Estonian poet. He is best known as the author of
Karl-Richard Idlane (19 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Karl-Richard Idlane was an Estonian professional footballer who played as a midfielder for the Estonian national football team.
Villem Grünthal-Ridala (278 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Villem Grünthal-Ridala, born Grünthal-Wilhelm (30 May 1885 in Kuivastu, Muhu, Estonia - 16 January 1942 in Helsinki, Finland) was an Estonian poet, translator
Arturs Sproģis (421 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Arturs Sproģis (6 March 1904 – 2 October 1980; Russian: Артур Карлович Спрогис) was a Latvian colonel and commander of the Soviet partisans during the
Karl Säre (349 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Karl Säre (July 2, 1903, Tartu – March 14, 1945) was an Estonian communist politician. He was the first leader of the Estonian Communist Party. During
Konstantin Ramul (173 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Konstantin Ramul (30 May 1879 – 11 February 1975) was an Estonian professor of psychology and longtime chair of psychology at the University of Tartu.
Marģers Skujenieks (837 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Marģers Skujenieks (born 22 June 1886, Riga – executed 12 July 1941, Moscow) held the office of Prime Minister of Latvia twice from 19 December 1926 –
Andreas Ascharin (192 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Andreas Ascharin (Russian: Андрей Александрович Ашарин, Andrey Aleksandrovich Asharin; 24 June [O.S. 12 June] 1843 in Pärnu – 24 December [O.S. 12 December] 1896
Jorģis Zemitāns (481 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jorģis Zemitāns (23 February 1873, Skrīveri parish – 16 January 1928, Riga ) was an army officer and commander of the Latvian Northern Brigade during the
Aleksandr Drevin (417 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Aleksandr Davydovich Drevin (Latvian: Aleksandrs Rūdolfs Drēviņš, Russian: Александр Давыдович Древин, 3 July 1889 – 26 February 1938) was a Latvian painter
Peeter Süda (180 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Peeter Süda (30 January [O.S. 18 January] 1883 in Viki, Saare County – 3 August 1920 in Tallinn) was a father of the Estonian organ school, composer and
Eduard Magnus Jakobson (69 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Eduard Magnus Jakobson (5 February [O.S. 24 January] 1847 in Torma – 2 August [O.S. 21 July] 1903 in Tallinn) was an Estonian wood engraver and a Baptist
Platon (Kulbusch) (382 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Platon, born Paul Kulbusch (also spelled Kuhlbusch or Kuldbush; 25 July [O.S. 13 July] 1869 – 14 January 1919) was an Estonian bishop and the first Orthodox
August Eller (233 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
August Eller (1907, Viljandi – 1990, Haapsalu) was an Estonian chess player, who won the Estonian Chess Championship. August Eller participated in two
Julius Seljamaa (213 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Julius Friedrich Seljamaa (8 April [O.S. 27 March] 1883 in Sindi – 17 June 1936 in Tallinn) was an Estonian politician, diplomat and journalist. From 1933
August Sang (435 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
August Sang (27 July 1914 in Pärnu – 14 October 1969 in Tallinn) was an Estonian poet and literary translator. August Sang was born in Pärnu, where he
Linda Eenpalu (209 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Linda Marie Eenpalu, (20 September 1890 – 4 June 1967, born Linda Marie Koplus, until 1935 named Einbund) was an Estonian politician. She was a member
Mart Saar (462 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Mart Saar (28 September [O.S. 15 September] 1882 in Hüpassaare - 28 October 1963) was an Estonian composer, organist and collector of folk songs. Saar
Hellmuth Kneser (369 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hellmuth Kneser (16 April 1898 – 23 August 1973) was a Baltic German mathematician, who made notable contributions to group theory and topology. His most
Jaan Koort (153 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jan Koort (6 November 1883, Sootaga Parish (Äksi), Tartu – 14 October 1935 in Moscow) was an Estonian sculptor, painter and ceramicist. Born on 6 November
Aarne Viisimaa (118 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Aarne Viisimaa (born as Arnold Peeter Visman; 25 November 1898, Sangaste – 2 October 1989, Stockholm) was an Estonian operatic tenor and opera director
Marie Reisik (164 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Marie Reisik (born 6 February 1887 in Kilingi-Nõmme, died in 1941 in Tallinn, Estonia), an Estonian teacher, women rights activist and politician. She
Mihkel Lüdig (278 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Mihkel Lüdig (9 May [O.S. 27 April] 1880 in Vaskrääma – 7 May 1958 in Vändra) was an Estonian composer, organist and choir conductor. As a composer, he
Mait Metsanurk (455 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Mait Metsanurk (Born Eduard Hubel, November 19, 1879 – 21 August 1957), was an Estonian writer who led the neo-realist school of Estonian literature. Mait
Werner Bergengruen (418 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
born in Riga, which at that time belonged to the Russian Empire, Governorate of Livonia. After growing up in Lübeck and attending the Katharineum, he started
Juhan Muks (155 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Juhan Jaagu Muks (7 July 1899 - 23 November 1983) was an Estonian artist and painter. Juhan Muks was born in Tuhalaane, Viljandi County, Estonia. He acquired
Volfgangs Dārziņš (328 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Volfgangs Dārziņš (1906–1962) was a Latvian composer, pianist and music critic. Volfgangs Dārziņš was born in 25. September, 1906 in Riga to Latvian composer
Miķelis Krogzemis (354 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Miķelis Krogzemis (18 September 1850, Ungurpils – 6 February 1879, Saint Petersburg, Russia), better known under his pen name Auseklis was a Latvian poet
Jan Antonovich Berzin (689 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jan Antonovich Berzin (Russian: Ян Антонович Берзин, Yan Antonovich Berzin, Latvian: Jānis Bērziņš, alias Ziemelis; 11 October 1881 – 29 August 1938) was
Elmar Reimann (45 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Elmar Reimann (2 January 1893 – 21 April 1963) was an Estonian long-distance runner. He competed in the marathon for Russia at the 1912 Summer Olympics
Karl Parts (187 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Karl Parts VR I/1, VR II/2, VR II/3 (15 July 1886 in Palupera Commune, Estonia – 1 September 1941 in Kirov, Soviet Union) was an Estonian military commander
Jaan Lattik (191 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jaan Lattik (22 October [O.S. 10 October] 1878 near Karula [et], Estonia – 27 June 1967 in Stockholm, Sweden) was an Estonian politician, writer and a
Eugen Uuemaa (78 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Eugen Uuemaa (14 July 1903 – 25 July 1941) was an Estonian athlete. He competed in the men's decathlon at the 1924 Summer Olympics. He was executed by
Jānis Tilbergs (664 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jānis Tilbergs, also known as Tillbergs or Tilberg (Latvian: Jānis Roberts Tilbergs, Russian: Янис Тилберг, Yanis Tilberg); (2 July [O.S. 20 June] 1880
Eduard Hiiop (173 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Eduard Hiiop (19 December 1889 – 24 August 1941) was an Estonian figure skater and athlete. He participated in the 1928 Winter Olympics as the flag bearer
Jēkabs Bukse (37 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jēkabs Bukse (14 June 1879 – 12 May 1942) was a Latvian cyclist. He competed in two events for the Russian Empire at the 1912 Summer Olympics. "Jēkabs
Robert Natus (220 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Robert Natus (16 March 1890 – 31 March 1950) was an Estonian architect of Baltic German descent. Born in Viljandi, Estonia, Natus studied in Tallinn and
Alexander von Oettingen (385 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Alexander Konstantin von Oettingen (24 December [O.S. 12 December] 1827, Wissust Manor, Wissust (Visusti) – 21 August [O.S. 8 August] 1905 Yuryev (Tartu))
Magnus von Behm (39 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Magnus von Behm (27 March 1727 in Livonia – 9 July 1806) was the chief commander of Kamchatka in Russia from 1773 to 1779. His wife was Eva von Borning
Jaan Port (128 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jaan Port (9 February 1891 in Raassilla, Holstre Parish (now, Tarvastu Parish) – 24 January 1950 in Tartu) was an Estonian botanist. He graduated from
Vaclavs Borduško (512 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Vaclavs Borduško (born 3 October 1914 in Riga, died 14 October 1999 in Toronto, Canada) was a Latvian international footballer, a two-time champion of
Jēkabs Bukse (37 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jēkabs Bukse (14 June 1879 – 12 May 1942) was a Latvian cyclist. He competed in two events for the Russian Empire at the 1912 Summer Olympics. "Jēkabs
Ernst Jaakson (419 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ernst Rudolf Jaakson (11 August 1905, Riga, Livonia (then Russian Empire) – 4 September 1998, New York, United States) was an Estonian diplomat whose unique
Eduard Vanaaseme (82 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Eduard Vanaaseme (25 July 1898 – 2 March 1991) was an Estonian lightweight weightlifter. In 1922 he won a national title and a silver medal at the world
Aleksander Tõnisson (185 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Aleksander Tõnisson VR I/1 (17 April 1875 – 30 June 1941) was an Estonian military commander (Major General) during the Estonian War of Independence. In
Mārtiņš Antons (94 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Mārtiņš Antons (7 January 1888, in Kocēni parish – 1941) was a Latvian lawyer and politician. He graduated from St. Petersburg University in 1912, Faculty
Benno Schotz (907 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Benno Schotz (28 August 1891 Arensburg – 11 October 1984 Glasgow) was an Estonian-born Scottish sculptor, and one of twentieth century Scotland's leading
Oskar Hoffmann (painter) (323 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Oskar Georg Adolf Hoffmann (Russian: Оскар Адольфович Гофман; 5 February 1851, Dorpat – 3 March 1912, Saint Petersburg) was a Baltic-German painter from
Gustav Klutsis (619 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Gustav Klutsis (Latvian: Gustavs Klucis, Russian: Густав Густавович Клуцис) (January 4, 1895 – February 26, 1938) was a pioneering Latvian photographer
Frida Michelson (461 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Frida Michelson (Latvian: Frīda Mihelsone, née Fride; 1906–1982) was a Latvian Jew and Holocaust survivor. She is known for her memoirs “I survived Rumbula”
Anna Martinowa Zarina (116 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Anna Martinowa Zarina (17 September 1907 – 17 January 1984) was an artist who lived and worked in Belgium and primarily worked with oil paint. Zarina was
Olav Roots (290 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Olav Roots (26 February 1910 – 30 January 1974) was an Estonian pianist and composer. Roots was born in Uderna. He studied at the Music School of Tartu
Karl Eduard von Liphart (630 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Baron Karl Eduard von Liphart or Carl Eduard von Liphart (16 May 1808 – 15 February 1891) was a noted art expert and collector from Estonia. The family
Andres Larka (348 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Andres Larka VR I/1 (5 March 1879 Pilistvere, Kabala Parish (now in Kõo Parish, Viljandi County) Estonia – 8 January 1943 Malmyzh, Kirov, Soviet Union)
Karl Laas (48 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Karl Laas (17 April 1908 – 28 December 1967) was an Estonian long-distance runner. He competed in the marathon at the 1928 Summer Olympics. Evans, Hilary;
Andrejs Upīts (445 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Andrejs Upīts (4 December 1877, Skrīveri parish, Russian Empire – 17 November 1970, Riga, Latvian SSR) was a Latvian teacher, poet, short story writer
Eduards Kalniņš (358 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Eduards Kalniņš (December 31, 1876 – June 28, 1964) was a Latvian general. He participated in the Russo-Japanese War and in the Latvian War of Independence
George Armitstead, 1st Baron Armitstead (733 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
George Armitstead, 1st Baron Armitstead MP (28 February 1824 in Riga, Latvia – 7 December 1915 in London) was a British businessman, philanthropist and
Vladimir Alafuzov (90 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Vladimir Antonovich Alafuzov (Russian: Влади́мир Анто́нович Алафу́зов; 17 June 1901, in Riga – 30 May 1966, in Leningrad) was a Soviet admiral and Order
Adolf Pilar von Pilchau (271 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Adolf "Ulf" Konstantin Jakob Freiherr Pilar von Pilchau (23 May 1851 – 17 June 1925) was a Baltic German politician, regent of the United Baltic Duchy
Anton Õunapuu (316 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Anton Õunapuu VR II/3 (7 November 1887 - 2 April 1919) was an Estonian PE teacher and the founder of the Boy Scouts movement in Estonia. Anton Õunapuu
Aīda Niedra (125 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Aīda Niedra (March 23, 1899 – November 23, 1972) was a Latvian writer. She is considered one of the most important Latvian women novelists. She was born
Gustav Sule (709 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Gustav Sule (10 September 1910 – 3 April 1942) was an Estonian javelin thrower. He won bronze in the 1934 European Championships, competed in the 1936
Viktor Kingissepp (288 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Viktor Kingissepp (24 March [O.S. 12 March] 1888 in Karmel (now Kaarma) – 4 May 1922 in Tallinn) was an Estonian communist politician, the leader of the
Ernst Reissner (196 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ernst Reissner (German: [ˈʁaɪsnɐ]; September 24, 1824 – September 16, 1878) was a Baltic German anatomist from Riga, Livonia. In 1851 he received his medical
Elmar Kits (26 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Elmar Kits (27 April 1913 – 24 March 1972) was an Estonian painter. Ants Juske http://www.epl.ee/news/kultuur/elmar-kits-andekas.d?id=51141267
Viktor von Wahl (351 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Viktor Karl Konrad Wilhelm von Wahl (Russian: Ви́ктор Вильге́льмович Ва́ль, Viktor Vil’gel’movich Val’; 1840 – 1915) was a Baltic German general, mayor
Olev Siinmaa (259 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Olev Siinmaa (November 12, 1881 – March 29, 1948), was an Estonian architect who is perhaps best recalled for his work in the style coined "Pärnu Resort
Hans Leesment (42 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hans Leesment (February 13, 1873 – August 26, 1944 in Tallinn) was an Estonian General. From 1919 up until 1940, he was the president of the Estonian Red
Karl Kõiv (74 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Karl Kõiv (3 December 1894 – 24 April 1972) was an Estonian featherweight weightlifter who won a silver medal at the 1922 World Weightlifting Championships
Jānis Judiņš (219 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jānis Judiņš (Latvian: Jānis Judiņš; Russian: Ю́дин Я́н Андре́евич, trans. Yan Yudin, also known in Russian as Я́нис Ю́диньш, trans. Yanis Yudinsh, January
Johannes Hint (948 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Johannes Hint (born Johannes Rudolph Hint; 20 September 1914 – died 5 September 1985) was an Estonian scientist and the only person to create and successfully
Kārlis Reinholds Zariņš (289 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Kārlis Reinholds Zariņš (born 4 December 1879, Ipiķi parish – 29 April 1963, London) (international: Charles Zarine) was Envoy and Consul General of Latvia
Carl Gustav Axel Harnack (371 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Carl Gustav Axel Harnack (7 May [O.S. 25 April] 1851, Dorpat (now Tartu – 3 April 1888, Dresden) was a Baltic German mathematician who contributed to potential
Jaan Usin (131 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jaan Usin VR II/3 (12 August 1887 – 19 August 1941) was an Estonian Navy commander. Born in Kihelkonna Parish, Saare County, he later served during World
Rūta Skujiņa (45 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Rūta Skujiņa (1907–1964) was a Latvian poet. She was the sister of Austra Skujiņa. "Kuģi" (1935) "Zvaigžņu bērni" (1937) "Putni" (1947) "Vējš svaida kaijas"
Jāzeps Grosvalds (607 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jazeps Grosvalds (Latvian: Jāzeps Grosvalds) (24 April 1891 – 1 February 1920) was a Latvian painter from Riga. He is now regarded as one of Latvia's finest
Alfons Bērziņš (304 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Alfons Bērziņš (7 November 1916 in Riga – 16 December 1987) was a Latvian long track speed skater. He competed at the 1936 Winter Olympics (got 14th place
Haralds Marvē (43 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Haralds Marvē (9 November 1900 – 12 October 1983) was a Latvian sports shooter. He competed in the 25 m pistol event at the 1936 Summer Olympics. "Haralds
Léopold Bernhard Bernstamm (289 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Léopold Bernhard Bernstamm (20 April 1859 - 22 January 1939), also written as Léopold-Bernhard Bernstam, Léopold Bernard Bernstamm or Leopold Adolfovich
Burkards Dzenis (401 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Burkards Dzenis (1879, Dreiliņi, Stopiņi Municipality – 1966, Dayton, Ohio) was a Latvian artist. Burkards Dzenis was born in the outskirts of Riga and
Paul Saagpakk (142 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Paul Saagpakk (2 September 1910 in Mustjala Parish, Saaremaa, Estonia – 23 February 1996 in Kuressaare, Saaremaa) was an Estonian linguist who compiled
Eriks Ādamsons (291 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Eriks Ādamsons (June 22, 1907 – February 28, 1946) was a Latvian writer, poet and novelist. Eriks Ādamsons was born in Riga on June 22, 1907. In 1926 he
Hendrik Adamson (156 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hendrik Adamson (6 October [O.S. 24 September] 1891 – 7 March 1946) was an Estonian poet and teacher. He was born as a son of a tailor in Patsi farmstead
Jaan Tomp (71 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
for the journalist see Jaan Tomp (journalist) Jaan Tomp (10 September 1894 in Tuhalaane Parish, Viljandi County – 14 November 1924 in Tallinn) was an Estonian
Konrāds Ubāns (409 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Konrāds Ubāns (December 31, 1893 – August 30, 1981) was a Latvian painter from Riga. He studied at the Riga Art School and was one of the founding members
Gustavs Šķilters (252 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Gustavs Šķilters (1874, Kreis Wolmar, present-day Latvia – 1954, Riga) was a Latvian artist, working mainly as a sculptor. Gustavs Šķilters was the son
Henry Dicks (672 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Henry Victor Dicks (1900 – 12 July 1977) was a British psychiatrist. He drew on his wartime experiences, which included the medical care of Rudolf Hess
Andrew Winter (artist) (459 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Andrew Winter (April 7, 1892 – October 27, 1958) was an Estonian-born American artist best known for his landscape paintings on the coast of Maine, particularly
Jēkabs Kazaks (331 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jēkabs Kazaks (18 February 1895, in Riga – 30 November 1920, in Riga) was a Latvian modernist painter. Kazaks was born in a relatively meager surroundings
Villem Kapp (376 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Villem Kapp (7 September 1913 – 24 March 1964) was an Estonian composer, organist and music teacher. Born in Suure-Jaani, Estonia, Villem Kapp was the
Martin Körber (192 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Martin Georg Emil Körber (29 July [O.S. 17 July] 1817 in Võnnu – 19 April [O.S. 7 April] 1893 in Kuressaare) was a Baltic German pastor, composer, writer
Jaan Sarv (50 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jaan Sarv (Võro: Sarvõ Jaan; 21 December 1877 – 23 August 1954) was an Estonian mathematician and educator. Most of his life he worked as a professor at
Michael Josselson (435 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Michael Josselson (2 March 1908, Tartu, Estonia – 7 January 1978, Geneva, Switzerland) was a CIA agent. Michael Josselson was born into a Jewish family
Eugen Bostroem (256 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Eugen Woldemar Bostroem (October 13, 1850 – May 24, 1928) was a Baltic German pathologist. He was born in Fellin (today known as Viljandi), in the Livonian
Jēkabs Kazaks (331 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jēkabs Kazaks (18 February 1895, in Riga – 30 November 1920, in Riga) was a Latvian modernist painter. Kazaks was born in a relatively meager surroundings
Gustav Kalkun (137 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Gustav Kalkun (22 March 1898 – 24 April 1972) was an Estonian discus thrower. He competed at the 1924 and 1928 Olympics and placed 15th and 10th, respectively
Johannes Letzmann (407 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Johannes Peter Letzmann (19 July 1885 – 21 May 1971) was an Estonian meteorologist, and a pioneering tornado researcher. His prolific output related to
Vilhelms Purvītis (684 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Vilhelms Purvītis (3 March 1872 in Zaube, Latvia – 14 January 1945 in Bad Nauheim, Germany) was a landscape painter and educator who founded the Latvian
Evald Äärma (96 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Evald Äärma (28 December 1911 – 13 October 2005) was an Estonian pole vaulter. He competed at the 1934 European Championships and 1936 Summer Olympics
Emīls Dārziņš (631 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Emīls Dārziņš (November 3, 1875 – August 31, 1910) was a Latvian composer, conductor and music critic. Dārziņš' work bears a distinct romantic character
Andrievs Niedra (352 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Andrievs Niedra (old orthography: Andreews Needra; 8 February 1871 – 25 September 1942) was a Latvian writer, Lutheran pastor and the Prime Minister of
Roberts Eidemanis (221 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Roberts Eidemanis (Russian: Ро́берт Петро́вич Эйдема́н, Robert Petrovich Eideman; 1895 – June 12, 1937) was a Latvian Soviet Komkor, writer and poet. He
Stepan Alexandrovsky (273 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Stepan Fyodorovich Alexandrovsky (Russian: Степан Фёдорович Александровский; (25 December 1842, Riga - 1 February 1906, Saint Petersburg) was a Russian
Johan Kõpp (496 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Johan Kõpp (9 November 1874, Holdre – 21 October 1970, Stockholm) was an Estonian bishop and head of the Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church 1939–1944
Jāzeps Vītols (695 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jāzeps Vītols (German: Joseph Wihtol; 26 July 1863 – 24 April 1948) was a Latvian composer. Vītols, born in Valmiera the son of a schoolteacher, began
Kārlis Prauls (255 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Kārlis Prauls (May 2, 1895 – January 30, 1941) was a Latvian general, and from 1930 to 1940 a commander in the Aizsargi home guard. Prauls was born in
Jānis Poruks (297 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jānis Poruks (13 October 1871 – 25 July 1911), was a Latvian poet and writer could be considered as a founder of the romantic branch of Latvian literature
Eduard Hermann (wrestler) (53 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Eduard Hermann (23 December 1891 – 22 March 1947) was a Greco-Roman wrestler from Estonia. He took up wrestling in 1904, and placed sixth in the 60 kg
Aleksejs Anufrijevs (184 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Aleksejs Anufrijevs (Russian: Алексей Никитич Ануфриев; 15 January 1912 – April 1945) was a Latvian basketball player of Russian origin. Anufrijevs won
Hans-Diedrich von Tiesenhausen (1,089 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hans-Diedrich von Tiesenhausen (22 February 1913 – 17 August 2000) was a German naval commander during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight's
Jānis Francis (524 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jānis Francis (July 3, 1877 – October 24, 1956) was a general of the Latvian Army, recipient of the Order of Lāčplēsis, the 3rd class. Born in Ķoņu parish
Jaan Tomp (journalist) (78 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Jaan Tomp (13 May 1882 – 1943) was an Estonian journalist. He was born in Uue-Võidu vald, Viljandi County. From 1905–1908 he worked for Kodumaa, followed
Jakob Mändmets (249 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jakob Mändmets (July 29, 1871 – December 25, 1930) was an Estonian writer and journalist. Jakob Mändmets was born in Paiküla, Saare County on the island
Hilda Taba (1,022 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hilda Taba (7 December 1902 in Kooraste, Estonia – 6 July 1967 in San Francisco, California) was an architect, a curriculum theorist, a curriculum reformer
Karl Johann von Hueck (162 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Karl Johann von Hueck (also spelled Johan; 6 July 1844 – 8 October 1925) was a Baltic German politician who was the mayor of Reval (now Tallinn) from April
Kaljo Raag (139 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Kaljo-Feliks Raag (3 June 1892 – 10 April 1967) was an Estonian heavyweight weightlifter who won a bronze medal at the 1922 World Championships and placed
Friedrich Akel (447 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Friedrich Karl Akel (5 September [O.S. 24 August] 1871 in Kaubi Manor, Kaubi Parish (now in Pornuse village, Halliste Parish) – 3 July 1941 in Tallinn)
August Jakobson (349 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
August Jakobson (2 September 1904 – 23 May 1963) was an Estonian writer and politician. He was the only Estonian playwright among his contemporaries whose
Zenta Mauriņa (377 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Zenta Mauriņa (15 December 1897 – 25 April 1978) was a Latvian writer, essayist and researcher in philology. She was married to the Electronic Voice Phenomena
Jānis Kalniņš (composer) (233 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Jānis Kalniņš (3 November 1904 in Pärnu – 30 November 2000 in Fredericton) was a Latvian Canadian composer and conductor. Jānis Kalniņš was the son of
Aleksandrs Čaks (951 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Aleksandrs Čaks (born Aleksandrs Čadarainis October 27, 1901 – February 8, 1950), was a Latvian poet and writer. Čaks is arguably the first Latvian writer
Roberts Dambītis (247 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
General Roberts Dambītis (May 2, 1881 - March 27, 1957 in Trikāta parish near Strenči, Latvia) was a Latvian soldier and politician. A founder of the National
Lūcija Garūta (583 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Lūcija Garūta (born 14 May 1902, Riga, Russian Empire – died 15 February 1977, Riga, Latvian SSR) was a Latvian pianist, poet and composer. Lūcija Garūta
Rūdolfs Pērle (499 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Rūdolfs Pērle (1875, present-day Bilska Parish – 1917, Saint Petersburg) was a Latvian painter. For a large part of his life, he specialised in producing
Sophie Sooäär (758 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Sophie Sooäär (27 September 1914 – 14 March 1996) was an Estonian stage, television, and film actress and singer and dancer. Sophie Sooäär (occasionally
August Weizenberg (151 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
August Weizenberg (6 April 1837 – 22 November 1921) was an Estonian sculptor. His father was a shoemaker and he learnt how to carve wood in Erastvere from
John Pommers (315 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Archbishop John (Latvian: Аrhibīskaps Jānis, Russian: Архиепископ Иоанн, secular name Jānis Pommers or Ivan Andreyevich Pommer, Russian: Иван Андреевич
Eduard Berzin (1,182 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Eduard Petrovich Berzin (Russian: Эдуа́рд Петро́вич Бе́рзин, Latvian: Eduards Bērziņš; 1894–1938), born in Latvia, was a soldier and Chekist, but is remembered
Leo Michelson (240 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Leo Michelson (Latvian: Leo Mihelsons; 12 May 1887 – 1978) was a Latvian-American artist considered part of the École de Paris, although his works span
Leo Michelson (240 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Leo Michelson (Latvian: Leo Mihelsons; 12 May 1887 – 1978) was a Latvian-American artist considered part of the École de Paris, although his works span
Johannes Soodla (363 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Johannes Soodla (14 January 1897 in Kudina Parish, (now in Palamuse Parish) – 16 May 1965) was an Estonian military officer during World War I, Estonian
Jānis Sudrabkalns (17 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jānis Sudrabkalns (May 17, 1894 – September 4, 1975), born Arvīds Peine, was a Latvian poet and writer.
Hugo Teodors Krūmiņš (205 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hugo Teodors Krūmiņš (1901-1990) was a Latvian playwright and poet. A member of the Latvian Artists' Association, he was married to poet and Latvian chess
Hermann Eduard von Holst (800 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hermann Eduard von Holst (June 19, 1841 – January 20, 1904) was a German-American historian. Holst was a Baltic German born at Fellin, Russian Empire.
Marta Skulme (260 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Marta Skulme (Latvian: Marta Skulme); (May 13, 1890 – January 3, 1962) was the first professional Latvian woman sculptor. She was a member of the Riga
Boris Kumm (260 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Boris Kumm (1 September [O.S. 20 August] 1897 – 21 November 1958) was an Estonian communist politician. Kumm was born in Pärnu. From 1919 until 1920, he
Jēkabs Bīne (352 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jēkabs Bīne (11 April 1895 – 24 October 1955) was a Latvian painter, stained glass artist, teacher and art critic. Jēkabs Bīne was born in Riga in 1895
Reinis Kaudzīte (112 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Reinis Kaudzīte (Old orthography: Reinis Kaudsit; May 12, 1839 – August 21, 1920), was a Latvian schoolteacher and writer. His novel Mērnieku laiki ("Time
Rūdolfs Saule (494 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Rūdolfs Saule (27 January 1903, Vidzeme – 16 March 1975, Chicago) was a Latvian performer, professional actor, ballet master and artist. He performed widely
Georg Friedrich von Kymmel (195 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Georg Friedrich von Kymmel (18 September 1749, Mitau, Russian Empire (modern-day Jelgava, Latvia) – 13 March 1829, Dorpat, Russian Empire (modern-day Tartu
Aleksandrs Klinklāvs (186 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Aleksandrs Klinklāvs (February 7, 1899 – October 6, 1982) was a Latvian architect. In 1930 he graduated from the University of Latvia Faculty of Architecture
Salme Reek (1,650 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Salme Reek (10 November 1907 – 9 June 1996) was an Estonian stage, film, radio, and television actress and stage director whose career spanned nearly seventy
Gottlieb Ast (198 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Gottlieb Jaan Ast (2 March 1874 – 15 December 1919) was an Estonian politician who was the mayor of Tallinn from June to July 1919. Ast graduated from
Aleksander Kesküla (460 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Aleksander Eduard Kesküla (21 March [O.S. 9 March] 1882 in Saadjärve Parish, Tartumaa – 17 June 1963 in Madrid, Spain) was an Estonian politician and revolutionary
Kārlis Goppers (198 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
General Kārlis Goppers (April 2, 1876, Plāņi parish – March 25, 1941 at Ulbroka) was a Latvian military officer and the founder and President of Latvijas
Marģeris Zariņš (517 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Marģeris Zariņš (24 May 1910, Jaunpiebalga – 27 February 1993, Riga) was a Latvian composer and writer. He was an author of symphonic and vocal symphonic
Marta Krūmiņa-Vitrupe (390 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Marta Krūmiņa-Vitrupe (March 29, 1908, Vitrupe, Limbaži District, Latvia as Marta Legzdiņa – February 6, 2010, New York City, US) was a Latvian poet, writer
Jan Sten (694 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jan Ernestovich Sten (Russian Ян Эрнестович Стэн; Latvian Janis Stens 21 March 1899 – 20 June 1937) was a Soviet specialist in Marxist philosophy, who
Fricis Bārda (481 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Fricis Bārda (25 January 1880 – 13 March 1919) was a Latvian poet, particularly noted for his interest in philosophical and pantheistic themes. Fricis
Aleksander Antson (340 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Aleksander Antson (August 31, 1899 – September 21, 1945) was an Estonian journalist, writer, and track and field athlete. Aleksander Antson was born on
Kārlis Skalbe (702 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Kārlis Skalbe (November 7 [O.S. October 26] 1879 — 1945 April 14) was a Latvian writer, poet, and activist. He is best known for his 72 fairy tales which
Pāvils Dreijmanis (1,124 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pāvils Dreijmanis (born 4 February 1895, Aloja, Russian Empire — died 21 August 1953, Adelaide, Australia) was a Latvian architect and recipient of the
Maria Holm (48 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Maria Holm (1845, Riga – 1912) was a Latvian poet and writer. Works Lustspiele, Novellen, Romane, u. a. "Thomas Kerkhoven" (1906, 1918); übers. aus d.
Johannes Vares (473 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Johannes Vares (12 January 1890 [O.S. 31 December 1889] – 29 November 1946), commonly known as Johannes Vares Barbarus, was an Estonian poet, medical doctor
Villem Orav (126 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Villem Orav (March 11, 1883, Laiksaare municipality - December 10, 1952, Tallinn) was an Estonian historian, teacher, and scholar of pedagogy. In 1905
Edouard Gregory Hesselberg (199 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Edouard Gregory Hesselberg (3 May 1870 – 12 June 1935) was a pianist and composer. Hesselberg was born in Riga, Russian empire (now Latvia), the son of
Theodor Molien (1,013 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Theodor Georg Andreas Molien (Russian: Fedor Eduardovich Molin; 10 September [O.S. 29 August] 1861 in Riga – 25 December 1941 in Tomsk) was a Baltic-German
Arthur Brückner (199 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Arthur Brückner (24 August 1877, in Dorpat – 29 March 1975, in Basel) was a German-Swiss ophthalmologist, known for his research in sensory physiology
Anšlavs Eglītis (649 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Artūrs Gailīts (October 14, 2009– March 4,2017 was a Latvian sexaphonist, žigolo and moufaka who became a war refugee in 1944. He had prolific career as
Ernst Munzinger (570 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ernst Gustav Adolf Munzinger (6 July 1887 – 23 April 1945) was a German businessman and lieutenant colonel in Army intelligence. After World War I, Munzinger
Simon Brainin (219 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Simon Brainin (July 15, 1854 in Riga, Russian Empire) was a Russian physician. He graduated from the gymnasium in Riga (now Latvia); studied medicine at
Alexander von Bunge (physician) (340 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Alexander von Bunge (9 November 1851, in Dorpat – 19 January 1930, in Tallinn) was a Baltic German physician, zoologist and Arctic explorer in the employ
Jüri Vilms (564 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jüri Vilms (13 March [O.S. 1 March] 1889, Arkma, now in Türi Parish, Järva County, Estonia – May 2, 1918, Hauho near Hämeenlinna, Finland, unconfirmed
Genrich Eiche (1,282 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Henrich Christoforovich Eiche (Russian: Ге́нрих Христофо́рович Э́йхе, Latvian: Indriķis Eihe; September 29 (October 12) 1893, Riga — June 25, 1968, Jūrmala)
Gustav von Bunge (262 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Gustav Piers Alexander von Bunge (19 January 1844, Dorpat – 5 November 1920, Basel) was a German physiologist known for work in the field of nutrition
Elmar Leppik (183 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Elmar Emil Leppik (1878–1978) was an Estonian mycologist. He established a mycological herbarium and library at the University of Tartu. Leppik, the son
Erhard Kroeger (996 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Erhard Kroeger or “Kröger” (24 March 1905, Riga – 28 September 1987) was a Latvian-born Baltic German SS officer involved in the resettlement of Baltic
Elvy Kalep (1,320 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Alviine-Johanna Kalep (26 June 1899 – 15 August 1989), known as Elvy Kalep, was an Estonian aviator and the country's first female pilot, as well as an
Harri Moora (240 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Harri Moora (2 March [O.S. 18 February] 1900 in Ehavere, Kuremaa Parish – 2 May 1968 in Tallinn) was an Estonian archaeologist. He was a recipient of the
Lilli Suburg (1,287 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Lilli Suburg (1 August [O.S. 20 July] 1841 in Rõusa Manor – 8 February 1923 in Valga) was an Estonian journalist, writer and feminist. In 1882, she established
Hans Dragendorff (328 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hans Dragendorff (15 October 1870 in Dorpat (Tartu), Estonia – 29 January 1941 in Freiburg, Germany) was a Baltic German scholar who introduced the first
Emilis Melngailis (502 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Emilis Jūlijs Melngailis (born 15 February 1874 in Igate, died 20 December 1954 in Riga, buried in Riga Forest Cemetery) was a Latvian composer, folklorist
Romans Suta (659 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Romans Suta (1896-1944) was a Latvian painter, graphic artist, stage designer and art theoretician. Suta was born on the road in Dzērbene parish near Cēsis
Alexander Heubel (493 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Alexander Heubel or Aleksandrs Heibels (9 April 1813 – 22 January 1847) was a Latvian romantic painter. His works were characterized by depictions of biblical
Hermann Martin Asmuss (166 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hermann Martin Asmuss (31 May 1812 – 6 December 1859) was a Baltic German paleozoologist and professor at the Imperial University of Dorpat. Hermann Martin
Villem Raam (414 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Villem Raam (30 May 1910 – 21 May 1996) was an Estonian art historian, art critic and conservator-restorer. His work in documenting and preserving the
Peeter All (1,218 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Peeter All (1829–1898) was an Estonian fisherman, farmer, ship captain, shipowner, rescuer of mariners in distress and a salvage diver who became one of
Julius von Klever (513 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Julius Sergius von Klever (Russian: Юлий Юльевич Клевер; 31 January 1850, Tartu - 24 December 1924, Saint Petersburg) was a Russian landscape painter of
Morris Hillquit (4,336 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Morris Hillquit (August 1, 1869 – October 8, 1933) was a founder and leader of the Socialist Party of America and prominent labor lawyer in New York City's
Peter von Meyendorff (66 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Baron Peter von Meyendorff (Russian: Пётр Казимирович Мейендорф, born 2 August 1796 in Riga, died 7 March 1863 in Saint Petersburg) was a Russian diplomat
Wolfgang Lüth (2,816 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Wolfgang Lüth (15 October 1913 – 14 May 1945) was the second most successful German U-boat captain of World War II. His career record of 46 merchant ships
Carl Erdmann (1,011 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Carl Erdmann (17 November 1898 – 5 March 1945) was a German historian who specialized in medieval political and intellectual history. He is noted in particular
Artur Uritamm (422 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Artur Uritamm (Tõstamaa, September 9, 1901 – Pärnu, July 8, 1982) was an Estonian classical composer, organist and pedagogue. Uritamm was a student of
Anna Sakse (213 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Anna Sakse (January 16, 1905 – March 2, 1981) was a Latvian writer and translator. She also wrote under the names Austra Sēja, Smīns, Trīne Grēciņa and
Debora Vaarandi (271 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Debora Vaarandi (October 1, 1916 – April 28, 2007) was an Estonian writer, considered to be a leading literary figure in post-World War II Estonia. She
Erich Harnack (386 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Friedrich Moritz Erich Harnack (10 October [O.S. 28 September] 1852, Dorpat (now Tartu) – 24 April 1915 Halle an der Saale) was a Baltic German pharmacologist
Lucia Peka (1,578 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Lucia Peka (March 30, 1912 – August 13, 1991) was a Latvian-American artist. Born in Latvia, she became part of the diaspora of artists who fled Latvia
Karlis Johansons (2,566 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Karl Johansson was a Latvian-Soviet avant-garde artist born on January 16, 1890, in Cēsis, Latvia, as "Kārlis Johansons" in his native Latvian (in Russian
Grigory Butakov (2,576 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Grigory Ivanovich Butakov (Russian: Григорий Иванович Бутаков) (9 October 1820 – 31 May 1882) was a Russian admiral who fought in the Crimean War. Butakov
Wilfried Strik-Strikfeldt (2,210 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Wilfried Karl Strik-Strikfeldt (Russian: Вильфрид Карлович Штрик-Штрикфельдт; 23 July 1896 – 7 September 1977) was a Baltic German officer in the Wehrmacht
Anatols Dinbergs (2,257 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Anatols Dinbergs (born Riga, March 3, 1911, died Washington, D.C., November 9, 1993) was one of the preeminent career diplomats of Latvia. He entered service
Jānis Mediņš (1,352 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jānis Mediņš (October 9, 1890 — March 4, 1966) was a Latvian composer. He was born in Riga. He was a vital force in musical life during the short-lived
Pyotr Pumpur (1,130 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pyotr Ivanovich Pumpur (Russian: Пётр Иванович Пумпур, Latvian: Pēteris Pumpurs; 25 April 1900 – 23 March 1942) was a Soviet Air Forces fighter pilot,
Emīlija Benjamiņa (1,821 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Emīlija Benjamiņa (sometimes transcribed Emilija Benjamin) (10 September 1881 — 23 September 1941 Solikamsk labor camp, Soviet Union) was a Latvian businesswoman
Arveds Bergs (668 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Arveds Bergs, full name Arveds Kārlis Kristaps Bergs, (born September 13, 1875 Riga, Russian Empire – died December 19, 1941, Chkalov, Soviet Union) was
Edgar Johan Kuusik (3,377 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Edgar Johan Kuusik (22 February 1888 in Valgjärve, Estonia – 3 August 1974 in Tallinn) was an Estonian architect (mostly freelance) and furniture and interior
Coat of arms of Riga (1,409 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The coat of arms of Riga is one of the official symbols of Riga, along with the flag of Riga. The blazon on the greater, middle, and lesser coat of arms
Fersen (628 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
settled in the Baltic Sea area, including modern day Sweden and the governorate of Livonia (modern day Latvia and Estonia) which were once part of the Russian