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searching for Glycosidic bond 52 found (226 total)

alternate case: glycosidic bond

Nucleoside (403 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article

phosphate groups. In a nucleoside, the anomeric carbon is linked through a glycosidic bond to the N9 of a purine or the N1 of a pyrimidine. Examples of nucleosides
Trisaccharide (97 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
glycosidic bonds connecting them. Similar to the disaccharides, each glycosidic bond can be formed between any hydroxyl group on the component monosaccharides
(KDO)3-lipid IVA (2-4) 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid transferase (267 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
IVA 3-deoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonate transferase ((2->4) glycosidic bond-forming). This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction
(KDO)2-lipid IVA (2-8) 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonic acid transferase (298 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
IVA 3-deoxy-D-manno-oct-2-ulosonate transferase ((2->8) glycosidic bond-forming). This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction
Beta-amylase (537 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
non-reducing end, β-amylase catalyzes the hydrolysis of the second α-1,4 glycosidic bond, cleaving off two glucose units (maltose) at a time. During the ripening
Phosphorylase (344 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Enzymes that break down glucans by removing a glucose residue (break O-glycosidic bond) glycogen phosphorylase starch phosphorylase maltodextrin phosphorylase
Amino sugar (727 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ring. N-functionalized of glycals at the C2 position, combined with glycosidic bond formation at C1 is a common strategy for the synthesis of amino sugars
AP site (965 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
process, a DNA glycosylase recognizes a damaged base and cleaves the N-glycosidic bond to release the base, leaving an AP site. A variety of glycosylases
Glycogen phosphorylase (2,706 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
animals by releasing glucose-1-phosphate from the terminal alpha-1,4-glycosidic bond. Glycogen phosphorylase is also studied as a model protein regulated
Crich beta-mannosylation (809 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
strategy which is used in carbohydrate synthesis to generate a 1,2-cis-glycosidic bond. This type of linkate is generally very difficult to make, and specific
Glycomimetic (464 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
by carbon, sulfur, nitrogen etc. will alter the properties of the glycosidic bond. The molecules produced in this way would be called carbasugars or
Rhamnogalacturonan hydrolase (308 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
chemical reaction Endohydrolysis of alpha-D-GalA-(1->2)-alpha-L-Rha glycosidic bond in the rhamnogalacturonan I backbone with initial inversion of anomeric
N,N'-diacetylchitobiose phosphorylase (456 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
N’-diacetylchitobiose phosphorylase begins with the direct nucleophilic attack to the glycosidic bond with the aid of D492 or aspartic acid residue 492 of the active site
List of glycoside hydrolase families (760 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
hydrolases) EC 3.2.1. are a widespread group of enzymes that hydrolyse the glycosidic bond between two or more carbohydrates, or between a carbohydrate and a
Lactase (1,970 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
lactase is about 37 °C and the optimum pH is 6. In metabolism, the β-glycosidic bond in D-lactose is hydrolyzed to form D-galactose and D-glucose, which
Isomaltulose (4,383 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and fructose. The glucose and fructose are linked by an alpha-1,6-glycosidic bond (chemical name: 6-0-α-D-glucopyranosyl-D-fructose). Isomaltulose is
Glycogenesis (597 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
which transfers the end of the chain onto an earlier part via α-1:6 glycosidic bond, forming branches, which further grow by addition of more α-1:4 glycosidic
Microcrystalline cellulose (540 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
occurring polymer, it is composed of glucose units connected by a 1-4 beta glycosidic bond. These linear cellulose chains are bundled together as microfibril
Cerebroside (695 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
glycosyl-transferase catalyzed reaction results in an inversion of the glycosidic bond stereochemistry, changing from α →β. Synthesis of galactosylceramide
Clofarabine (895 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
2´(S)-fluorine in clofarabine significantly increased the stability of the glycosidic bond in acidic solution and toward phosphorolytic cleavage as compared to
Gal operon (1,070 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
catalyzes the transfer of a galactose sugar to an acceptor, forming a glycosidic bond. GalK encodes for a kinase that phosphorylates α-D-galactose to galactose
Glycolipid (1,593 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cell. The lipid and the saccharide form a glycoconjugate through a glycosidic bond, which is a covalent bond. The anomeric carbon of the sugar binds to
Glycogen branching enzyme (3,255 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The side chain attaches at carbon atom 6 of a glucose unit, an α-1,6-glycosidic bond. This connection is catalyzed by a branching enzyme, generally given
Hoogsteen base pair (1,019 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
The Hoogsteen geometry can be achieved by purine rotation around the glycosidic bond (χ) and base-flipping (θ), affecting simultaneously C8 and C1′ (yellow)
Carbohydrate synthesis (850 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of N-acetylglucosamine derivatives is particularly unreactive. The glycosidic bond is formed from a glycosyl donor and a glycosyl acceptor. There are
Glycobiology (1,400 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
sugars/saccharides linked to themselves and to other molecules by the glycosidic bond, thereby producing glycans. Glycoproteins, proteoglycans and glycolipids
Spiroplasma poulsonii (920 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
eukaryotic 28s ribosomal RNA called the Sarcin-Ricin loop by cleaving the N-glycosidic bond between the rRNA backbone and the adenine, leaving a signature of RIP
Endoglycosidase (728 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the end, starting at xn, whereas and endoglycosidase can cut at any glycosidic bond (-) and may cleave after a signature 'link oligosaccharide' that links
Staurosporine (1,181 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fully oxidized C-7 carbon with only one indole nitrogen containing a β-glycosidic bond, while non-halogenated indolo(2,3-a)pyrrole(3,4-c)carbazoles have both
Tunicamycin (703 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
UDP-N-acetyl-tunicamine. Another molecule of UDP-GlcNAc is introduced, and a β-1,1 glycosidic bond is subsequently formed, catalyzed by TunD. The resulting molecule is
Glycogen debranching enzyme (2,418 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
breakdown, mobilize glycogen stores. Phosphorylase can only cleave α-1,4- glycosidic bond between adjacent glucose molecules in glycogen but branches also exist
Ruminant (2,930 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
digestive tract. Vertebrates lack the ability to hydrolyse the beta [1–4] glycosidic bond of plant cellulose due to the lack of the enzyme cellulase. Thus, ruminants
Reprogramming (3,723 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(TDG) recognizes the intermediate bases 5fC and 5caC and excises the glycosidic bond resulting in an apyrimidinic site (AP site). In an alternative oxidative
Spiroplasma (1,453 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
eukaryotic 28s ribosomal RNA called the Sarcin-Ricin loop by cleaving the N-glycosidic bond between the rRNA backbone and the adenine. Spiroplasma associations
Chemical glycosylation (1,305 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
ion formed during the reaction and allow for the formation of the glycosidic bond. An activator is commonly a Lewis acid which enables the leaving group
Autolysin (1,409 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
cell wall turnover. Autolysins do this by hydrolyzing the β-(1,4) glycosidic bond of the peptidoglycan cell wall and the linkage between N-acetylmuramoyl
Zygomycota (3,397 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of the membrane by exocytosis. The enzyme on the membrane catalyzes glycosidic bond formations from the nucleotide sugar substrate, uridine
Oxoguanine glycosylase (2,480 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
OGG1 is a bifunctional glycosylase, as it is able to both cleave the glycosidic bond of the mutagenic lesion and cause a strand break in the DNA backbone
PYGL (1,117 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
glycogen phosphorylase, PYGL catalyzes the phosphorolysis of an α-1, 4-glycosidic bond in glycogen to yield glucose 1-phosphate. Degradation of glycogen The
Carbohydrate (4,863 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
that the anomeric carbon of both monosaccharides participates in the glycosidic bond. Lactose, a disaccharide composed of one D-galactose molecule and one
Neopullulanase (1,128 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
amino acid residues within neopullulanase's active site that cleave a glycosidic bond: one glutamate and two aspartates. A glycosidic oxygen is first protonated
Aloin (919 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Grün, M; G. Franz (October 1981). "In vitro biosynthesis of the C-glycosidic bond in aloin". Planta. 152 (6): 562–564. doi:10.1007/BF00380828. PMID 24301161
Alpha-galactosidase (3,094 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and Asp-231. First, Asp-170 performs a nucleophilic attack on the glycosidic bond to release the terminal α-galactose molecule from the ligand. Then
Secondary metabolite (3,542 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
skeleton. A glycoside is a molecule in which carbohydrate is bound by a glycosidic bond to a non-carbohydrate moiety containing a hydroxyl group. The sugar
DNA demethylation (5,034 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(TDG) recognizes the intermediate bases 5fC and 5caC and excises the glycosidic bond resulting in an apyrimidinic site (AP site). This is followed by base
Indolocarbazole (2,534 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
fully oxidized C-7 carbon with only one indole nitrogen containing a β-glycosidic bond and the second class consists of both indole nitrogen glycosylated
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of carbohydrates (1,513 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
H-C-O-C coupling constants are used to study torsional angles along glycosidic bond between sugars or along exocyclic fragments, thus revealing a molecular
Nucleic acid analogue (5,215 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
on the carbons surrounding the nitrogen atom furthest away from the glycosidic bond, which allows them to base pair (Watson-Crick base pairing) via hydrogen
Bacteriophage P2 (2,980 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
gene R in λ phage, which exhibits endolysin function and attack the glycosidic bond. Gene Y encodes a polypeptide sharing high similarity to the holin
Paul Dauenhauer (1,998 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1021/acs.chemmater.6b00580. "Energetics of cellulose and cyclodextrin glycosidic bond cleavage". Royal Society of Chemistry, Reaction Chemistry & Engineering
Claire E. Eyers (1,614 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Compagnon I, Eyers CE, Flitsch SL (2017). "Bottom-Up Elucidation of Glycosidic Bond Stereochemistry" (PDF). Analytical Chemistry. 89 (8): 4540–4549. doi:10
DNA base flipping (3,386 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
into the specificity pocket of a glycosylase which hydrolyzes the glycosidic bond and removes the base. DNA glycosylases interact with DNA, flipping