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Mechanical equilibrium (870 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article

mechanical equilibrium if the net force on that particle is zero. By extension, a physical system made up of many parts is in mechanical equilibrium if the
Equilibrium point (253 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
differential equations, an equilibrium point is a constant solution to a differential equation. The point is an equilibrium point for the differential
Quantal response equilibrium (534 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
response equilibrium (QRE) is a solution concept in game theory. First introduced by Richard McKelvey and Thomas Palfrey, it provides an equilibrium notion
Economic equilibrium (2,924 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
economic equilibrium is a state where economic forces such as supply and demand are balanced and in the absence of external influences the (equilibrium) values
Punctuated equilibrium (5,272 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Punctuated equilibrium (also called punctuated equilibria) is a theory in evolutionary biology which proposes that once species appear in the fossil record
Thermodynamic equilibrium (7,218 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermodynamic equilibrium is an axiomatic concept of thermodynamics. It is an internal state of a single thermodynamic system, or a relation between several
Proper equilibrium (504 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Proper equilibrium is a refinement of Nash Equilibrium due to Roger B. Myerson. Proper equilibrium further refines Reinhard Selten's notion of a trembling
Secular equilibrium (308 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In nuclear physics, secular equilibrium is a situation in which the quantity of a radioactive isotope remains constant because its production rate (e
Trembling hand perfect equilibrium (772 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
hand perfect equilibrium is a refinement of Nash equilibrium due to Reinhard Selten. A trembling hand perfect equilibrium is an equilibrium that takes the
Self-confirming equilibrium (192 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In game theory, self-confirming equilibrium is a generalization of Nash equilibrium for extensive form games, in which players correctly predict the moves
Epsilon-equilibrium (1,111 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
epsilon-equilibrium, or near-Nash equilibrium, is a strategy profile that approximately satisfies the condition of Nash equilibrium. In a Nash equilibrium, no
Sequential equilibrium (344 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Sequential equilibrium is a refinement of Nash Equilibrium for extensive form games due to David M. Kreps and Robert Wilson. A sequential equilibrium specifies
Quasi-perfect equilibrium (417 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Quasi-perfect equilibrium is a refinement of Nash Equilibrium for extensive form games due to Eric van Damme. Informally, a player playing by a strategy
Chemical equilibrium (4,058 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In a chemical reaction, chemical equilibrium is the state in which both reactants and products are present in concentrations which have no further tendency
Subgame perfect equilibrium (841 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
game theory, a subgame perfect equilibrium (or subgame perfect Nash equilibrium) is a refinement of a Nash equilibrium used in dynamic games. A strategy
Non-equilibrium thermodynamics (4,824 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Non-equilibrium thermodynamics is a branch of thermodynamics that deals with physical systems that are not in thermodynamic equilibrium but can be adequately
Dynamic equilibrium (893 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
For the economic concept, see Dynamic equilibrium (economics) In chemistry, A dynamic equilibrium exists once a reversible reaction ceases to change its
List of types of equilibrium (798 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
This is a list of various types of equilibrium, the condition of a system in which all competing influences are balanced. Equilibrioception, the sense
Solution concept (1,694 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
game. The most commonly used solution concepts are equilibrium concepts, most famously Nash equilibrium. Many solution concepts, for many games, will result
General equilibrium theory (5,887 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
"general") equilibrium. General equilibrium theory contrasts to the theory of partial equilibrium, which only analyzes single markets. General equilibrium theory
Equilibrium constant (3,614 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The equilibrium constant of a chemical reaction is the value of the reaction quotient when the reaction has reached equilibrium. An equilibrium constant
Strong Nash equilibrium (363 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A strong Nash equilibrium is a Nash equilibrium in which no coalition, taking the actions of its complements as given, can cooperatively deviate in a
Vapor–liquid equilibrium (2,919 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Vapor–liquid equilibrium (VLE) is a condition in which a liquid and its vapor (gas phase) are in equilibrium with each other, a condition or state where
Equilibrium thermodynamics (433 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
terms of a concept called thermodynamic equilibrium. The word equilibrium implies a state of balance. Equilibrium thermodynamics, in origins, derives from
Charged-particle equilibrium (58 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In radiological physics, charged-particle equilibrium (CPE) occurs when the number of charged particles leaving a volume is equal to the number entering
Markov perfect equilibrium (1,131 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Markov perfect equilibrium is an equilibrium concept in game theory. It is the refinement of the concept of subgame perfect equilibrium to extensive form
IX Equilibrium (155 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
IX Equilibrium is the third studio album by the black metal band Emperor. Eduardo Rivadavia of AllMusic describes the album as a "sonic onslaught of
Solubility equilibrium (2,849 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Solubility equilibrium is a type of dynamic equilibrium. It exists when a chemical compound in the solid state is in chemical equilibrium with a solution
Nash equilibrium (5,895 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Nash equilibrium is a solution concept of a non-cooperative game involving two or more players, in which each player is assumed to know the equilibrium strategies
Forest of Equilibrium (156 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Forest of Equilibrium is the debut album of the British doom metal band Cathedral. It was released in 1991 on Earache Records. It is considered a classic
Thermal equilibrium (2,261 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
systems are in thermal equilibrium if no heat flows between them when they are connected by a path permeable to heat. Thermal equilibrium obeys the zeroth law
Statistical mechanics (3,936 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
extends classical thermodynamics is known as statistical thermodynamics or equilibrium statistical mechanics. Microscopic mechanical laws do not contain concepts
Bayesian game (2,263 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
of pure strategies, A Bayesian Equilibrium of the game is defined to be a (possibly mixed strategy) Nash equilibrium of the game . So for any finite
Risk dominance (1,226 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
refinements of the Nash equilibrium (NE) solution concept in game theory, defined by John Harsanyi and Reinhard Selten. A Nash equilibrium is considered payoff
Planetary equilibrium temperature (1,027 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The planetary equilibrium temperature is a theoretical temperature that a planet would be at when considered simply as if it were a black body being heated
Hydrostatic equilibrium (1,681 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In continuum mechanics, a fluid is said to be in hydrostatic equilibrium or hydrostatic balance when it is at rest, or when the flow velocity at each
Correlated equilibrium (852 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In game theory, a correlated equilibrium is a solution concept that is more general than the well known Nash equilibrium. It was first discussed by mathematician
Mathematical programming with equilibrium constraints (151 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Mathematical programming with equilibrium constraints (MPEC) is the study of constrained optimization problems where the constraints include variational
Symmetric equilibrium (67 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
game theory, a symmetric equilibrium is an equilibrium where both players use the same strategy (possibly mixed) in the equilibrium. In the Prisoner's Dilemma
Mertens-stable equilibrium (1,205 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
perfect equilibrium implements a weak version of backward induction, and increasingly stronger versions are sequential equilibrium, perfect equilibrium, quasi-perfect
Vapor pressure (2,016 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Vapor pressure or equilibrium vapor pressure is defined as the pressure exerted by a vapor in thermodynamic equilibrium with its condensed phases (solid
List of gravitationally rounded objects of the Solar System (3,474 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
have achieved hydrostatic equilibrium and to have cleared the neighbourhood around its orbit. An object in hydrostatic equilibrium is one that is large enough
Thermodynamics (13,124 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermodynamics rely on the existence of idealized states of thermodynamic equilibrium. Its laws are explained by statistical mechanics, in terms of the microscopic
Equilibrium (Star Trek: Deep Space Nine) (584 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
"Equilibrium" is the 50th episode of the television series Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, the fourth episode of the third season. Jadzia Dax begins experiencing
Reversible reaction (413 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A reversible reaction is a chemical reaction that results in an equilibrium mixture of reactants and products. For a reaction involving two reactants
Radiative equilibrium (1,898 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Radiative equilibrium is one of the several requirements for thermodynamic equilibrium, but it can occur in the absence of thermodynamic equilibrium. There
Arrow–Debreu model (957 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
crucial part of general equilibrium theory, as it can be used to prove the existence of general equilibrium (or Walrasian equilibrium) of an economy. In general
Equilibrium selection (118 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium selection is a concept from game theory which seeks to address reasons for players of a game to select a certain equilibrium over another.
On the Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Substances (974 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In the history of thermodynamics, On the Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Substances is a 300-page paper written by American engineer Willard Gibbs. It is
Equilibrium level (197 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In meteorology, the equilibrium level (EL), or level of neutral buoyancy (LNB), or limit of convection (LOC), is the height at which a rising parcel of
Social equilibrium (154 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In sociology, a system is said to be social equilibrium when there is a dynamic working balance among its interdependent parts (Davis & Newstrom[clarification
Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (2,465 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium modeling (abbreviated DSGE or sometimes SDGE or DGE) is a branch of applied general equilibrium theory that is influential
Equilibrium (film) (2,223 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Equilibrium is a 2002 American dystopian science fiction film written and directed by Kurt Wimmer and starring Christian Bale, Emily Watson, and Taye
Quasistatic process (369 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
process that happens slowly enough for the system to remain in internal equilibrium. An example of this is quasistatic compression, where the volume of a
Hardy–Weinberg principle (3,534 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Hardy–Weinberg principle, also known as the Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium, model, theorem, or law, states that allele and genotype frequencies in a population
John Glen Wardrop (371 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Wardrop's first and second principles of equilibrium. The concepts are related to the idea of Nash equilibrium in game theory developed separately. However
Malthusian equilibrium (72 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Malthusian equilibrium when all of its production is used only for subsistence. Malthusian equilibrium is a locally stable and a dynamic equilibrium. Thomas
Le Chatelier's principle (1,937 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Chatelier's principle or "The Equilibrium Law", can be used to predict the effect of a change in conditions on a chemical equilibrium. The principle is named
Reflective equilibrium (767 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Reflective equilibrium is a state of balance or coherence among a set of beliefs arrived at by a process of deliberative mutual adjustment among general
Punctuated Equilibrium (album) (140 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Punctuated Equilibrium is the first solo album by American singer/guitarist Scott "Wino" Weinrich, released in January 2009 on Southern Lord. "Release
Partition equilibrium (249 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Partition equilibrium is a special case of chemical equilibrium. The most common chemical equilibrium systems involve reactants and products in the same
Markov strategy (92 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
play. A profile of Markov strategies is a Markov perfect Equilibrium if it is a Nash equilibrium in every state of the game. Fudenberg, Drew (1995).
Phase diagram (1,663 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
distinct phases occur and coexist at equilibrium. Common components of a phase diagram are lines of equilibrium or phase boundaries, which refer to lines
Theoretical plate (1,047 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
of a substance, establish an equilibrium with each other. Such equilibrium stages may also be referred to as an equilibrium stage, ideal stage, or a theoretical
Dwarf planet (5,266 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
is massive enough for its gravity to crush itself into a hydrostatic equilibrium shape (usually a spheroid), but has not cleared the neighborhood of other
Hyperbolic equilibrium point (421 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In the study of dynamical systems, a hyperbolic equilibrium point or hyperbolic fixed point is a fixed point that does not have any center manifolds.
Reversal potential (880 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the ion flux is in equilibrium. Reversal refers to the fact that a change of membrane potential on either side of the equilibrium potential reverses the
Folk theorem (game theory) (2,904 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
game theory, folk theorems are a class of theorems about possible Nash equilibrium payoff profiles in repeated games (Friedman 1971). Folk theorems are
Evolutionarily stable strategy (2,778 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
evolutionary psychology. An ESS is an equilibrium refinement of the Nash equilibrium. It is a Nash equilibrium that is "evolutionarily" stable: once it
Thermodynamic system (3,730 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
taken to be in its own internal state of thermodynamic equilibrium, as opposed to a non-equilibrium state. The thermodynamic system is always enclosed by
Genetic equilibrium (833 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Genetic equilibrium describes the condition of an allele or genotype in a gene pool (such as a population) where the frequency does not change from generation
Law of mass action (2,578 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
model that explains and predicts behaviours of solutions in dynamic equilibrium. Simply put, it states that the rate of a chemical reaction is proportional
Reaction quotient (349 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
special case that the reaction is at equilibrium the reaction quotient is constant and equal to the equilibrium constant which appears in the expression
Equilibrium (Crowbar album) (118 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Equilibrium is the sixth studio album by Crowbar. It was released on 7 March 2000. This was original bassist Todd Strange's final album with the band
Cournot competition (1,748 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Cournot equilibrium is to find firm 2’s reaction function. In this case it is symmetrical to firm 1’s as they have the same cost function. The equilibrium is
Partial equilibrium (1,240 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
equilibrium is a condition of economic equilibrium which takes into consideration only a part of the market, ceteris paribus, to attain equilibrium.
Recursive competitive equilibrium (231 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In macroeconomics, recursive competitive equilibrium (RCE) is an equilibrium concept. It has been widely used in exploring a wide variety of economic
Equilibrium mode distribution (374 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The equilibrium mode [power] distribution of light travelling in an optical waveguide or fiber, is the distribution of light that is no longer changing
Transient equilibrium (278 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In nuclear physics, transient equilibrium is a situation in which equilibrium is reached by a parent-daughter radioactive isotope pair where the half-life
Zeroth law of thermodynamics (2,585 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermal equilibrium with a third, then they are in thermal equilibrium with each other. Two systems are said to be in the relation of thermal equilibrium if
Binding constant (210 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The binding constant is a special case of the equilibrium constant . It is associated with the binding and unbinding reaction of receptor (R) and ligand
Competitive equilibrium (2,745 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Competitive equilibrium (also called: Walrasian equilibrium) is the traditional concept of economic equilibrium, appropriate for the analysis of commodity
RICE chart (459 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
track of changing concentrations in an equilibrium reaction. RICE stands for "Reaction, Initial, Change, Equilibrium". It is used in chemistry to keep track
Gibbs–Donnan effect (519 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(also known as the Donnan's effect, Donnan law, Donnan equilibrium, or Gibbs–Donnan equilibrium) is a name for the behavior of charged particles near a
Intertemporal equilibrium (169 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Intertemporal equilibrium is a notion of economic equilibrium conceived over many periods of time. In modern economic theory, most models explicitly take
Supply and demand (4,434 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the quantity supplied (at the current price), resulting in an economic equilibrium for price and quantity transacted. Although it is normal to regard
Equilibrium unfolding (1,975 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In biochemistry, equilibrium unfolding is the process of unfolding a protein or RNA molecule by gradually changing its environment, such as by changing
Lyapunov function (551 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
functions are scalar functions that may be used to prove the stability of an equilibrium of an ODE. Named after the Russian mathematician Aleksandr Mikhailovich
Strictly determined game (144 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
one Nash equilibrium with both players using pure strategies. The value of a strictly determined game is equal to the value of the equilibrium outcome
Thermodynamic state (1,295 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
by default, a thermodynamic state is taken to be one of thermodynamic equilibrium. This means that the state is not merely the condition of the system
Chemical stability (385 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
in its lowest energy state, or chemical equilibrium with its environment. This may be a dynamic equilibrium, where individual atoms or molecules change
Homeostasis (2,657 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
those cells to keep more of the glucose for their own use (see Dynamic equilibrium). If the glucose inside the cells is high, the cells will convert it
Equilibrium chemistry (5,099 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium chemistry is a concerned with systems in chemical equilibrium. The unifying principle is that the free energy of a system at equilibrium is
Mathematical economics (11,528 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
optimization problems as to goal equilibrium, whether of a household, business firm, or policy maker static (or equilibrium) analysis in which the economic
Strategic dominance (1,141 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
one unique Nash equilibrium. However, that Nash equilibrium is not necessarily Pareto optimal, meaning that there may be non-equilibrium outcomes of the
Equilibrium (Whitecross album) (60 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Equilibrium is the seventh album by Christian metal band Whitecross, released in 1995. Faraway Places (4:53) Rubberneck (4:07) Collide (4:56) This One
Matching pennies (526 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
illustrate the concept of mixed strategies and a mixed strategy Nash equilibrium. The game is played between two players, Player A and Player B. Each
Non-equilibrium economics (115 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Non-equilibrium economics deals with processes that exhibit self-reinforcing causation, as opposed to standard neoclassical equilibrium economics. This
Phase rule (1,659 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
proposed by Josiah Willard Gibbs in his landmark paper titled On the Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Substances, published from 1875 to 1878. The rule applies
Schlenk equilibrium (263 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Schlenk equilibrium, named after its discoverer Wilhelm Schlenk, is a chemical equilibrium taking place in solutions of Grignard reagents. 2 RMgX
Schlenk equilibrium (263 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Schlenk equilibrium, named after its discoverer Wilhelm Schlenk, is a chemical equilibrium taking place in solutions of Grignard reagents. 2 RMgX
Wanzlick equilibrium (775 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Wanzlick equilibrium is a chemical equilibrium between a relatively stable carbene compound and its dimer. In 1960, H.-W. Wanzlick and E. Schikora
Molecular diffusion (1,737 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
still in motion, but an equilibrium has been established, the end result of molecular diffusion is called a "dynamic equilibrium". In a phase with uniform
Long run and short run (1,387 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
equilibrium that is also a long-run equilibrium as to supply and demand, then comparing that state against a new short-run and long-run equilibrium state
Underemployment equilibrium (1,015 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In Keynesian economics, underemployment equilibrium refers to a situation with a persistent shortfall relative to full employment and potential output
Gérard Debreu (1,364 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Econometrica. "Valuation Equilibrium and Pareto Optimum", 1954, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. "Existence of an Equilibrium for a Competitive
Temperature (10,716 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
global thermodynamic equilibrium, but in which there is local thermodynamic equilibrium. Thus, when local thermodynamic equilibrium prevails in a body,
Quantum non-equilibrium (1,079 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Quantum non-equilibrium is a concept within stochastic formulations of the De Broglie–Bohm theory of quantum physics. In the Copenhagen interpretation
Relative humidity (2,984 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(abbreviated RH) is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at the same temperature. Relative humidity depends
Acid dissociation constant (8,796 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
"Acid–base equilibrium" redirects here. For acid–base balance in physiology, see Acid–base homeostasis. An acid dissociation constant, Ka, (also
Revelation principle (1,039 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
implemented by an incentive-compatible-direct-mechanism. Moreover, the equilibrium payoffs in both cases are the same. . We now explain the terms that
Overshooting model (1,097 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
new equilibrium long-run value. Dornbusch developed this model back when many economists held the view that ideal markets should reach equilibrium and
Temporary equilibrium method (321 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The temporary equilibrium method has been devised by Alfred Marshall for analyzing economic systems that comprise interdependent variables of different
Statics (1,702 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
acceleration (a=0), but rather, are in static equilibrium with their environment. When in static equilibrium, the acceleration of the system is zero and
PCO2 (151 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
acidosis. Acidosis Alkalosis Arterial blood gas Blood gas tension Chemical equilibrium pH pKa Dugdale DC, Zieve D. Gasometría arterial. Medline Plus. 09/01/2012
Equilibrium fractionation (600 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium isotope fractionation is the partial separation of isotopes between two or more substances in chemical equilibrium. Equilibrium fractionation
Differential centrifugation (1,969 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
increasing the centrifugal force. Finally, purification may be done through equilibrium sedimentation, and the desired layer is extracted for further analysis
Electrochemical cell (661 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Each reaction is undergoing an equilibrium reaction between different oxidation states of the ions: When equilibrium is reached, the cell cannot provide
Binding selectivity (1,766 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
This article is about selectivity in chemical systems at equilibrium. For kinetic selectivity, see Reactivity–selectivity principle. Binding selectivity
Computable general equilibrium (1,514 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Computable general equilibrium (CGE) models are a class of economic models that use actual economic data to estimate how an economy might react to changes
Statically indeterminate (454 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
statically indeterminate (or hyperstatic) when the static equilibrium equations are insufficient for determining the internal forces and reactions on
Flash evaporation (1,159 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
evaporation. The equilibrium flash of a multi-component liquid may be visualized as a simple distillation process using a single equilibrium stage. It is
Coalition-proof Nash equilibrium (397 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The concept of coalition-proof Nash equilibrium applies to certain "noncooperative" environments in which players can freely discuss their strategies
Pressure-gradient force (289 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
is in an equilibrium state (i.e. there are no net forces, and no acceleration), the system is referred to as being in hydrostatic equilibrium. In the case
Restoring force (358 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
is a force that gives rise to an equilibrium in a physical system. If the system is perturbed away from the equilibrium, the restoring force will tend to
Market price (120 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
and market price are equal only under conditions of market efficiency, equilibrium, and rational expectations. On restaurant menus, "market price" (often
Phyletic gradualism (475 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
species, unless splitting occurs. The theory is contrasted with punctuated equilibrium. The word phyletic derives from the Greek φυλετικός phūletikos, which
Oscillation (884 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
typically in time, of some measure about a central value (often a point of equilibrium) or between two or more different states. The term 'vibration' is precisely
Partial pressure (1,511 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
determined by the equilibrium between the undissolved gas and the gas that has dissolved in the liquid (called the solvent). The equilibrium constant for that
Equilibrium (God Forbid album) (68 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Equilibrium is the sixth and final studio album by the American metal band God Forbid. The album was released on March 26, 2012, through Victory Records
IS–LM model (2,971 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
preference–money supply" (LM) curves is the "general equilibrium" where there is simultaneous equilibrium in both markets. Two equivalent interpretations are
Manipulated Nash equilibrium (713 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In game theory, a Manipulated Nash equilibrium or MAPNASH is a refinement of subgame perfect equilibrium used in dynamic games of imperfect information
Determination of equilibrium constants (3,389 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium constants are determined in order to quantify chemical equilibria. When an equilibrium constant is expressed as a concentration quotient,
Second law of thermodynamics (10,461 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
which bodies initially in thermodynamic equilibrium are put into contact and allowed to come to a new equilibrium. This equilibration process involves the
Vapor (690 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
this is true, the two phases will be in equilibrium, and the gas-partial pressure will be equal to the equilibrium vapor pressure of the liquid (or solid)
Equilibrium (seaQuest 2032) (977 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
"Equilibrium" is the seventh aired episode of seaQuest 2032`s third season and eighth produced overall. It was originally shown on November 15, 1995.
Sunspots (economics) (764 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
its impact on traders' moods. In economics, a sunspot equilibrium is an economic equilibrium where the market outcome or allocation of resources varies
Rationalizability (865 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
permissive than Nash equilibrium. Both require that players respond optimally to some belief about their opponents' actions, but Nash equilibrium requires that
State function (769 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
variable is a property of a system that depends only on the current, equilibrium state of the system. State functions thus do not depend on the path by
Plutoid (1,651 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
self-gravity to overcome rigid body forces so that they assume a hydrostatic equilibrium (near-spherical) shape, and that have not cleared the neighbourhood around
Focal point (game theory) (425 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
coordination game, where any place and time in the city could be an equilibrium solution. Schelling asked a group of students this question, and found
Capillary pressure (268 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The equation for capillary pressure is only valid under capillary equilibrium, which means that there can not be any flowing phases. In porous media
Binding site (261 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
ligands (specific molecules and/or ions) may form a chemical bond. An equilibrium exists between unbound ligands and bound ligands. The term saturation
Reversible process (thermodynamics) (866 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
surroundings). During a reversible process, the system is in thermodynamic equilibrium with its surroundings throughout the entire process. Since it would take
The Story of Three Loves (1,141 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
as Equilibrium, is a 1953 romantic anthology film made by MGM. It consists of three stories, "The Jealous Lover", "Mademoiselle", and "Equilibrium". The
Thermalisation (78 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
English thermalization) is the process of physical bodies reaching thermal equilibrium through mutual interaction. In general the natural tendency of a system
Dissociation (chemistry) (1,073 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
equilibrium AB A + B the dissociation constant Ka is the ratio of dissociated to undissociated compound where the brackets denote the equilibrium concentrations
Stochastically stable equilibrium (147 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In game theory, a stochastically stable equilibrium is a refinement of the evolutionarily stable state in evolutionary game theory, proposed by Dean Foster
Comparative statics (1,776 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
compares two different equilibrium states, after the process of adjustment (if any). It does not study the motion towards equilibrium, nor the process of
Snow line (567 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
snow line at the end of the ablation season is roughly equal to the equilibrium line altitude (ELA) for temperate glaciers [...]  line feed character
Nernst equation (2,001 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
equal to the equilibrium constant of the reaction for a given temperature, i.e. when the concentration of species are at their equilibrium values, the
Dissociation (chemistry) (1,073 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
equilibrium AB A + B the dissociation constant Ka is the ratio of dissociated to undissociated compound where the brackets denote the equilibrium concentrations
Equilibrium (band) (630 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Equilibrium is a German folk metal band. The band's music combines elements of folk music, power metal, black metal and symphonic metal with various other
Comparative statics (1,776 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
compares two different equilibrium states, after the process of adjustment (if any). It does not study the motion towards equilibrium, nor the process of
Value and Capital (874 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
equilibrium theory of markets and adaptation of static-equilibrium theory to economic dynamics in distinguishing temporary and long-run equilibrium through
Slope deflection method (522 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
By forming slope deflection equations and applying joint and shear equilibrium conditions, the rotation angles (or the slope angles) are calculated
Centipede game (2,068 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
is called a centipede game. The unique subgame perfect equilibrium (and every Nash equilibrium) of these games indicates that the first player take the
Keynesian cross (607 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
income and output (AD=Y). The intersection gives the equilibrium output, Y. The movement toward equilibrium is mostly via changes in inventories inducing changes
Main sequence (6,350 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
composition and other factors. All main-sequence stars are in hydrostatic equilibrium, where outward thermal pressure from the hot core is balanced by the
High-level equilibrium trap (1,362 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The high-level equilibrium trap is a concept developed by environmental historian Mark Elvin to explain why China never underwent an indigenous Industrial
Chemical potential (3,053 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
potential is the partial molar Gibbs free energy. At chemical equilibrium or in phase equilibrium the total sum of chemical potentials is zero, as the free
Activity coefficient (1,755 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the components, and hence allows expressions such as Raoult's law and equilibrium constants to be applied to both ideal and non-ideal mixtures. Knowledge
Simple harmonic motion (1,182 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
back to the equilibrium position. When the mass moves closer to the equilibrium position, the restoring force decreases. At the equilibrium position, the
Price floor (604 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
be higher than the equilibrium price in order to be effective. A price floor can be set below the free-market equilibrium price. In the first
Coordination game (1,457 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
mixed Nash equilibrium lies in the middle, at the intersection of the dashed lines. Unlike the pure Nash equilibria, the mixed equilibrium is not an evolutionarily
Equilibrium moisture content (347 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
function of both relative humidity and temperature of surrounding air. The equilibrium moisture content (EMC) is the moisture content at which the wood is neither
Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory (1,417 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
allows for greater generality. The definition is expressed in terms of an equilibrium expression acid + base conjugate base + conjugate acid. With an acid
Sedimentation equilibrium (173 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Sedimentation equilibrium in a solution or suspension of different particles, such as molecules, exists when the rate of transport of each material in
Dissipative system (840 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
system which is operating out of, and often far from, thermodynamic equilibrium in an environment with which it exchanges energy and matter. A dissipative
Hydrolysis (1,507 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
mechanism for a hydrolysis reaction. (The 2-way harpoons as the yield symbol indicates an equilibrium in which hydrolysis and condensation can go both ways.)
Léon Walras (1,755 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Stanley Jevons and Carl Menger) and pioneered the development of general equilibrium theory. Walras was the son of French economist Auguste Walras
Phase (matter) (1,692 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
matter. Also, the term phase is sometimes used to refer to a set of equilibrium states demarcated in terms of state variables such as pressure and temperature
Force (10,692 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
two kinds of equilibrium: static equilibrium and dynamic equilibrium. Main articles: Statics and Static equilibrium Static equilibrium was understood
Virtual work (3,979 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
it as an alternative principle of mechanics by which all problems of equilibrium could be solved. A systematic exposition of Lagrange's program of applying
Lindahl tax (1,175 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
agree to have that service level provided. A Lindahl equilibrium is a state of economic equilibrium under a Lindahl tax as well as a method for finding
Equilibrioception (815 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
otoconia, organic calcium carbonate crystals crucial to the maintenance of equilibrium. When the head is tilted or the body position is changed with respect
David M. Kreps (177 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
and non-cooperative game theory, particularly the idea of sequential equilibrium, which he developed with Stanford Business School colleague Robert B
Pooling equilibrium (99 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A pooling equilibrium in game theory is an equilibria result of a signaling game. In a signaling game, players send actions called "signals" to other
Economic surplus (1,305 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the equilibrium price, a second unit at a price below that but still above the equilibrium price, etc., yet they in fact pay just the equilibrium price
Isohydric principle (146 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the phenomenon whereby multiple acid/base pairs in solution will be in equilibrium with one another, tied together by their common reagent: the hydrogen
Kenneth Arrow (3,122 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
theory, notably "Arrow's impossibility theorem", and his work on general equilibrium analysis. He has also provided foundational work in many other areas
Limescale (390 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
an equilibrium between dissolved calcium bicarbonate and dissolved calcium carbonate: Ca2+ + 2HCO3− ⇋ Ca2+ + CO32− + CO2 + H2O where the equilibrium is
Bargaining problem (1,525 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
non-cooperation leads to Pareto-inefficient results. It is in essence an equilibrium selection problem; many games have multiple equilibria with varying payoffs
Edgeworth paradox (186 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
paradox describes a situation in which two players cannot reach a state of equilibrium with pure strategies, i.e. each charging a stable price. Suppose two
Applied general equilibrium (887 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In mathematical economics, applied general equilibrium (AGE) models were pioneered by Herbert Scarf at Yale University in 1967, in two papers, and a follow-up
Frank Hahn (1,137 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
January 2013) was a British economist whose work focused on general equilibrium theory, monetary theory, Keynesian economics and monetarism. A famous
Succinct game (1,433 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
utility values. Even trivial algorithms are capable of finding a Nash equilibrium in a time polynomial in the length of such a large input. A succinct
Braess' paradox (2,465 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
possible. More formally, the idea behind Braess' discovery is that the Nash equilibrium may not equate with the best overall flow through a network. The paradox
Near-equilibrium enzymatic flux transfer networks (192 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Near-equilibrium enzymatic flux transfer networks are intra-cellular mechanisms for moving ATP and a wide range of other metabolites around the cell from
Kirchhoff's law of thermal radiation (2,333 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
absorption by a material body in thermodynamic equilibrium, including radiative exchange equilibrium. A body at temperature T radiates electromagnetic
Buffer solution (1,621 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
presence of an equilibrium between the acid HA and its conjugate base A−. HA H+ + A− When some strong acid is added to an equilibrium mixture of the
Keto–enol tautomerism (1,045 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In organic chemistry, keto–enol tautomerism refers to a chemical equilibrium between a keto form (a ketone or an aldehyde) and an enol (an alcohol). The
Wong–Sandler mixing rule (51 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermodynamic mixing rule used for vapor–liquid equilibrium calculations. Vapor–liquid equilibrium Equation of state Wong, D. S. H. and Sandler,
Enzyme (8,447 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
catalyst and are not consumed in chemical reactions, nor do they alter the equilibrium of a reaction. Enzymes differ from most other catalysts by being much
Product-form solution (1,670 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jackson's theorem gives the joint equilibrium distribution of an open queueing network as the product of the equilibrium distributions of the individual
Convexity in economics (2,794 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Arrow–Debreu model of general economic equilibrium, agents have convex budget sets and convex preferences: At equilibrium prices, the budget hyperplane supports
Self-ionization of water (1,311 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
This equilibrium applies to pure water and any aqueous solution. Expressed with activities a, instead of concentrations, the thermodynamic equilibrium constant
Anarchist symbolism (2,820 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Anarchists have employed certain symbols for their cause, including most prominently the circle-A and the black flag, although anarchists have historically
Acid (4,545 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
there exists an equilibrium between the acid and its conjugate base. The equilibrium constant K is an expression of the equilibrium concentrations of
Onsager reciprocal relations (1,439 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
flows and forces in thermodynamic systems out of equilibrium, but where a notion of local equilibrium exists. "Reciprocal relations" occur between different