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Mechanical equilibrium (777 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A mechanical equilibrium is a state in which a momentum coordinate of a particle, rigid body, or dynamical system is conserved. Usually this refers to
Economic equilibrium (2,402 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
economic equilibrium is a state where economic forces such as supply and demand are balanced and in the absence of external influences the (equilibrium) values
Quantal response equilibrium (534 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
response equilibrium (QRE) is a solution concept in game theory. First introduced by Richard McKelvey and Thomas Palfrey, it provides an equilibrium notion
Equilibrium point (216 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
differential equations, an equilibrium point is a constant solution to a differential equation. The point is an equilibrium point for the differential
Proper equilibrium (504 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Proper equilibrium is a refinement of Nash Equilibrium due to Roger B. Myerson. Proper equilibrium further refines Reinhard Selten's notion of a trembling
Thermodynamic equilibrium (6,913 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermodynamic equilibrium is an axiomatic concept of classical thermodynamics. It is an internal state of a single thermodynamic system, or a relation
Self-confirming equilibrium (192 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In game theory, self-confirming equilibrium is a generalization of Nash equilibrium for extensive form games, in which players correctly predict the moves
Trembling hand perfect equilibrium (764 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
hand perfect equilibrium is a refinement of Nash equilibrium due to Reinhard Selten. A trembling hand perfect equilibrium is an equilibrium that takes the
Secular equilibrium (308 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In nuclear physics, secular equilibrium is a situation in which the quantity of a radioactive isotope remains constant because its production rate (e
Epsilon-equilibrium (1,111 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
epsilon-equilibrium, or near-Nash equilibrium, is a strategy profile that approximately satisfies the condition of Nash equilibrium. In a Nash equilibrium, no
Sequential equilibrium (344 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Sequential equilibrium is a refinement of Nash Equilibrium for extensive form games due to David M. Kreps and Robert Wilson. A sequential equilibrium specifies
Quasi-perfect equilibrium (417 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Quasi-perfect equilibrium is a refinement of Nash Equilibrium for extensive form games due to Eric van Damme. Informally, a player playing by a strategy
Subgame perfect equilibrium (842 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
game theory, a subgame perfect equilibrium (or subgame perfect Nash equilibrium) is a refinement of a Nash equilibrium used in dynamic games. A strategy
Chemical equilibrium (3,996 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In a chemical reaction, chemical equilibrium is the state in which both reactants and products are present in concentrations which have no further tendency
Equilibrium thermodynamics (395 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium Thermodynamics is the systematic study of transformations of matter and energy in systems as they approach equilibrium. The word equilibrium
General equilibrium theory (6,491 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
will result in an overall (or "general") equilibrium. General equilibrium theory contrasts to partial equilibrium, which only analyzes single markets. As
Dynamic equilibrium (898 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
For the economic concept, see Dynamic equilibrium (economics) A dynamic equilibrium exists once a reversible reaction ceases to change its ratio of reactants/products
Solution concept (1,694 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
game. The most commonly used solution concepts are equilibrium concepts, most famously Nash equilibrium. Many solution concepts, for many games, will result
List of types of equilibrium (799 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
This is a list of various types of equilibrium, the condition of a system in which all competing influences are balanced. Equilibrioception, the sense
Strong Nash equilibrium (363 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A strong Nash equilibrium is a Nash equilibrium in which no coalition, taking the actions of its complements as given, can cooperatively deviate in a
Vapor–liquid equilibrium (2,917 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Vapor–liquid equilibrium (VLE) is a condition in which a liquid and its vapor (gas phase) are in equilibrium with each other, a condition or state where
Mathematical programming with equilibrium constraints (82 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Mathematical programming with equilibrium constraints (MPEC) is the study of constrained optimization problems where the constraints include variational
Equilibrium constant (3,622 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The equilibrium constant of a chemical reaction is the value of the reaction quotient when the reaction has reached equilibrium. At any given temperature
Correlated equilibrium (852 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In game theory, a correlated equilibrium is a solution concept that is more general than the well known Nash equilibrium. It was first discussed by mathematician
Charged-particle equilibrium (49 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In radiological physics, charged-particle equilibrium (CPE) occurs when the number of charged particles leaving a volume is equal to the number entering
Markov perfect equilibrium (1,131 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Markov perfect equilibrium is an equilibrium concept in game theory. It is the refinement of the concept of subgame perfect equilibrium to extensive form
IX Equilibrium (155 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
IX Equilibrium is the third studio album by the black metal band Emperor. Eduardo Rivadavia of AllMusic describes the album as a "sonic onslaught of
Statistical mechanics (5,025 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermodynamics or equilibrium statistical mechanics. Statistical mechanics also finds use outside equilibrium. An important subbranch known as non-equilibrium statistical
Forest of Equilibrium (154 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Forest of Equilibrium is the debut album of the British doom metal band Cathedral. It was released in 1991 on Earache Records. It is considered a classic
Solubility equilibrium (2,940 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Solubility equilibrium is a type of dynamic equilibrium. It exists when a chemical compound in the solid state is in chemical equilibrium with a solution
Nash equilibrium (5,946 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Nash equilibrium is a solution concept of a non-cooperative game involving two or more players, in which each player is assumed to know the equilibrium strategies
Punctuated equilibrium (5,213 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Punctuated equilibrium (also called punctuated equilibria) is a theory in evolutionary biology which proposes that most species will exhibit little net
Thermal equilibrium (2,039 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
systems are in thermal equilibrium if no heat flows between them when they are connected by a path permeable to heat. Thermal equilibrium obeys the Zeroth Law
Bayesian game (2,267 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
of pure strategies, A Bayesian Equilibrium of the game is defined to be a (possibly mixed strategy) Nash equilibrium of the game . So for any finite
Radiative equilibrium (1,001 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In physics, radiative equilibrium is the condition where a steady state system is in dynamic equilibrium, with equal incoming and outgoing radiative heat
Risk dominance (1,226 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
refinements of the Nash equilibrium (NE) solution concept in game theory, defined by John Harsanyi and Reinhard Selten. A Nash equilibrium is considered payoff
Non-equilibrium thermodynamics (5,837 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Non-equilibrium thermodynamics is a branch of thermodynamics that deals with thermodynamic systems that are not in thermodynamic equilibrium. Most systems
Mertens-stable equilibrium (1,200 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
perfect equilibrium implements a weak version of backward induction, and increasingly stronger versions are sequential equilibrium, perfect equilibrium, quasi-perfect
Thermodynamics (13,287 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium thermodynamics studies transformations of matter and energy in systems at or near thermodynamic equilibrium. In thermodynamic equilibrium
Reversible reaction (413 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A reversible reaction is a chemical reaction that results in an equilibrium mixture of reactants and products. For a reaction involving two reactants
Equilibrium (Star Trek: Deep Space Nine) (584 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
"Equilibrium" is the 50th episode of the television series Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, the fourth episode of the third season. Jadzia Dax begins experiencing
Hydrostatic equilibrium (1,687 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In continuum mechanics, a fluid is said to be in hydrostatic equilibrium or hydrostatic balance when it is at rest, or when the flow velocity at each
Vapor pressure (1,950 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Vapor pressure or equilibrium vapor pressure is defined as the pressure exerted by a vapor in thermodynamic equilibrium with its condensed phases (solid
Symmetric equilibrium (67 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
game theory, a symmetric equilibrium is an equilibrium where both players use the same strategy (possibly mixed) in the equilibrium. In the Prisoner's Dilemma
On the Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Substances (944 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In the history of thermodynamics, On the Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Substances is a 300-page paper written by American mathematical-engineer Willard
Arrow–Debreu model (910 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
crucial part of general equilibrium theory, as it can be used to prove the existence of general equilibrium (or Walrasian equilibrium) of an economy. In general
Equilibrium level (194 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In meteorology, the equilibrium level (EL), or level of neutral buoyancy (LNB), or limit of convection (LOC), is the height at which a rising parcel of
Equilibrium selection (118 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium selection is a concept from game theory which seeks to address reasons for players of a game to select a certain equilibrium over another.
Social equilibrium (154 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In sociology, a system is said to be social equilibrium when there is a dynamic working balance among its interdependent parts (Davis & Newstrom[clarification
Planetary equilibrium temperature (954 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The planetary equilibrium temperature is a theoretical temperature that the planet would be at when considered simply as if it were a black body being
Equilibrium (film) (2,196 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium is a 2002 American dystopian science fiction film written and directed by Kurt Wimmer and starring Christian Bale, Emily Watson, and Taye
Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (2,445 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium modeling (abbreviated DSGE or sometimes SDGE or DGE) is a branch of applied general equilibrium theory that is influential
Hardy–Weinberg principle (3,532 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Hardy–Weinberg principle (also known as the Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium, model, theorem, or law) states that allele and genotype frequencies in a population
Punctuated Equilibrium (album) (140 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Punctuated Equilibrium is the first solo album by American singer/guitarist Scott "Wino" Weinrich, released in January 2009 on Southern Lord. "Release
Law of mass action (2,352 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
behaviours of solutions in dynamic equilibrium. Two aspects are involved in the initial formulation of the law: 1) the equilibrium aspect, concerning the composition
Reflective equilibrium (763 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Reflective equilibrium is a state of balance or coherence among a set of beliefs arrived at by a process of deliberative mutual adjustment among general
Markov strategy (92 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
play. A profile of Markov strategies is a Markov perfect Equilibrium if it is a Nash equilibrium in every state of the game. Fudenberg, Drew (1995).
Phase diagram (1,646 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermodynamically distinct phases can occur at equilibrium. Common components of a phase diagram are lines of equilibrium or phase boundaries, which refer to lines
Zeroth law of thermodynamics (2,410 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermodynamic systems are each in thermal equilibrium with a third, then all three are in thermal equilibrium with each other. Two systems are said to
Quasistatic process (311 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
states of the two bodies are never infinitesimally close to equilibrium, since thermal equilibrium requires that the two bodies be at precisely the same temperature
Theoretical plate (1,049 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
of a substance, establish an equilibrium with each other. Such equilibrium stages may also be referred to as an equilibrium stage, ideal stage, or a theoretical
Thermodynamic state (1,144 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermodynamic equilibrium when the conditions of all the relevant types of equilibrium are simultaneously satisfied. A few different types of equilibrium are listed
Supply and demand (4,195 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
quantity supplied by producers (at current price), resulting in an economic equilibrium for price and quantity. The four basic laws of supply and demand are:
Malthusian equilibrium (72 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Malthusian equilibrium when all of its production is used only for subsistence. Malthusian equilibrium is a locally stable and a dynamic equilibrium. Thomas
Competitive equilibrium (953 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Competitive equilibrium (also called: Walrasian equilibrium) is the traditional concept of economic equilibrium, appropriate for the analysis of commodity
Reversal potential (881 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the ion flux is in equilibrium. Reversal refers to the fact that a change of membrane potential on either side of the equilibrium potential reverses the
Le Chatelier's principle (1,765 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Chatelier's principle or "The Equilibrium Law", can be used to predict the effect of a change in conditions on a chemical equilibrium. The principle is named
Partition equilibrium (249 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Partition equilibrium is a special case of chemical equilibrium. The most common chemical equilibrium systems involve reactants and products in the same
Evolutionarily stable strategy (2,770 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
evolutionary psychology. An ESS is an equilibrium refinement of the Nash equilibrium. It is a Nash equilibrium that is "evolutionarily" stable: once it
Cournot competition (1,760 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Cournot equilibrium is to find firm 2’s reaction function. In this case it is symmetrical to firm 1’s as they have the same cost function. The equilibrium is
Hyperbolic equilibrium point (421 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In the study of dynamical systems, a hyperbolic equilibrium point or hyperbolic fixed point is a fixed point that does not have any center manifolds.
Genetic equilibrium (833 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Genetic equilibrium describes the condition of an allele or genotype in a gene pool (such as a population) where the frequency does not change from generation
Equilibrium (Crowbar album) (118 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium is the sixth studio album by Crowbar. It was released on 7 March 2000. This was original bassist Todd Strange's final album with the band
Equilibrium mode distribution (374 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The equilibrium mode [power] distribution of light travelling in an optical waveguide or fiber, is the distribution of light that is no longer changing
Partial equilibrium (1,257 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
equilibrium is a condition of economic equilibrium which takes into consideration only a part of the market, ceteris paribus, to attain equilibrium.
Reaction quotient (339 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
special case that the reaction is at equilibrium the reaction quotient is constant and equal to the equilibrium constant which appears in the expression
Recursive competitive equilibrium (230 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In macroeconomics, recursive competitive equilibrium (RCE) is an equilibrium concept. It has been widely used in exploring a wide variety of economic
Revelation principle (408 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Bayesian Nash equilibrium of a game of incomplete information, there exists a payoff-equivalent revelation mechanism that has an equilibrium where the players
Lyapunov function (551 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
functions are scalar functions that may be used to prove the stability of an equilibrium of an ODE. Named after the Russian mathematician Aleksandr Mikhailovich
Statics (1,530 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
loads (force and torque, or "moment") on physical systems in static equilibrium, that is, in a state where the relative positions of subsystems do not
Folk theorem (game theory) (1,058 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
possible Nash equilibrium payoff profiles in an infinitely repeated game (Friedman 1971). For an infinitely repeated game, any Nash equilibrium payoff must
RICE chart (459 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
track of changing concentrations in an equilibrium reaction. RICE stands for "Reaction, Initial, Change, Equilibrium". It is used in chemistry to keep track
Gibbs–Donnan effect (413 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(also known as the Donnan's effect, Donnan law, Donnan equilibrium, or Gibbs–Donnan equilibrium) is a name for the behavior of charged particles near a
Transient equilibrium (266 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In nuclear physics, transient equilibrium is a situation in which equilibrium is reached by a parent-daughter radioactive isotope pair where the half-life
Binding constant (210 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The binding constant is a special case of the equilibrium constant . It is associated with the binding and unbinding reaction of receptor (R) and ligand
Reversible process (thermodynamics) (816 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Due to these infinitesimal changes, the system is in thermodynamic equilibrium throughout the entire process. Since it would take an infinite amount
Enzyme (9,309 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
energy, Thermodynamic equilibrium and Chemical equilibrium As all catalysts, enzymes do not alter the position of the chemical equilibrium of the reaction.
Equilibrium unfolding (1,978 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In biochemistry, equilibrium unfolding is the process of unfolding a protein or RNA molecule by gradually changing its environment, such as by changing
Equilibrium (band) (616 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium is a German folk metal band. The band's music combines elements of folk music, black metal and symphonic metal with various other influences
Vapor (629 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
this is true, the two phases will be in equilibrium, and the gas partial pressure will equal the equilibrium vapor pressure of the liquid (or solid).
Equilibrium (Whitecross album) (60 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium was the seventh album by Christian metal band Whitecross, released in 1995. Faraway Places (4:53) Rubberneck (4:07) Collide (4:56) This One
Strategic dominance (1,175 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
one unique Nash equilibrium. However, that Nash equilibrium is not necessarily Pareto optimal, meaning that there may be non-equilibrium outcomes of the
Dwarf planet (5,716 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Saturnian moon confirmed to be in hydrostatic equilibrium is Rhea, at 1,530 km, whereas the largest not in equilibrium is Iapetus, at 1,470 km. These findings
John Glen Wardrop (372 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Wardrop's first and second principles of equilibrium. The concepts are related to the idea of Nash equilibrium in game theory developed separately. However
Dissociation (chemistry) (1,066 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
equilibrium AB A + B the dissociation constant Ka is the ratio of dissociated to undissociated compound where the brackets denote the equilibrium concentrations
Chemical stability (385 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
in its lowest energy state, or chemical equilibrium with its environment. This may be a dynamic equilibrium, where individual atoms or molecules change
Matching pennies (525 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
illustrate the concept of mixed strategies and a mixed strategy Nash equilibrium. The game is played between two players, Player A and Player B. Each
Schlenk equilibrium (263 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Schlenk equilibrium, named after its discoverer Wilhelm Schlenk, is a chemical equilibrium taking place in solutions of Grignard reagents. 2 RMgX
Schlenk equilibrium (263 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Schlenk equilibrium, named after its discoverer Wilhelm Schlenk, is a chemical equilibrium taking place in solutions of Grignard reagents. 2 RMgX
Intertemporal equilibrium (169 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Intertemporal equilibrium is a notion of economic equilibrium conceived over many periods of time. In modern economic theory, most models explicitly take
Equilibrium chemistry (5,119 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium chemistry is a concerned with systems in chemical equilibrium. The unifying principle is that the free energy of a system at equilibrium is
Molecular diffusion (1,738 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
still in motion, but an equilibrium has been established, the end result of molecular diffusion is called a "dynamic equilibrium". In a phase with uniform
Haber process (2,045 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
to this synthesis: the position of the equilibrium and the rate of reaction. At room temperature, the equilibrium is strongly in favor of ammonia, but the
Product-form solution (1,303 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jackson's theorem gives the joint equilibrium distribution of an open queueing network as the product of the equilibrium distributions of the individual
Temperature (10,635 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
global thermodynamic equilibrium, but in which there is local thermodynamic equilibrium. Thus, when local thermodynamic equilibrium prevails in a body,
Underemployment equilibrium (1,015 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In Keynesian economics, underemployment equilibrium refers to a situation with a persistent shortfall relative to full employment and potential output
Non-equilibrium economics (115 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Non-equilibrium economics deals with processes that exhibit self-reinforcing causation, as opposed to standard neoclassical equilibrium economics. This
Equilibrioception (816 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
otoconia, organic calcium carbonate crystals crucial to the maintenance of equilibrium. When the head is tilted or the body position is changed with respect
Gérard Debreu (1,358 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Econometrica. "Valuation Equilibrium and Pareto Optimum", 1954, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. "Existence of an Equilibrium for a Competitive
Differential centrifugation (1,968 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
increasing the centrifugal force. Finally, purification may be done through equilibrium sedimentation, and the desired layer is extracted for further analysis
Temporary equilibrium method (321 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The temporary equilibrium method has been devised by Alfred Marshall for analyzing economic systems that comprise interdependent variables of different
Equipartition theorem (8,384 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
equipartition. The original idea of equipartition was that, in thermal equilibrium, energy is shared equally among all of its various forms; for example
Electrochemical cell (639 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Each reaction is undergoing an equilibrium reaction between different oxidation states of the ions: When equilibrium is reached, the cell cannot provide
Phase rule (1,649 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
proposed by Josiah Willard Gibbs in his landmark paper titled On the Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Substances, published from 1875 to 1878. The rule is
Computable general equilibrium (1,518 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Computable general equilibrium (CGE) models are a class of economic models that use actual economic data to estimate how an economy might react to changes
Binding selectivity (1,749 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
This article is about selectivity in chemical systems at equilibrium. For kinetic selectivity, see Reactivity–selectivity principle. Binding selectivity
State function (714 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
which the system acquired that state. A state function describes the equilibrium state of a system. For example, internal energy, enthalpy, and entropy
Pressure-gradient force (290 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
is in an equilibrium state (i.e. there are no net forces, and no acceleration), the system is referred to as being in hydrostatic equilibrium. In the case
Statically indeterminate (459 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
structure is statically indeterminate (or hyperstatic) when the static equilibrium equations are insufficient for determining the internal forces and reactions
Flash evaporation (1,137 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
evaporation. The equilibrium flash of a multi-component liquid may be visualized as a simple distillation process using a single equilibrium stage. It is
Wanzlick equilibrium (780 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Wanzlick equilibrium is a chemical equilibrium between a relatively stable carbene compound and its dimer. In 1960, H.-W. Wanzlick and E. Schikora
Equilibrium fractionation (600 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium isotope fractionation is the partial separation of isotopes between two or more substances in chemical equilibrium. Equilibrium fractionation
Anarchist symbolism (2,785 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Anarchists have employed certain symbols for their cause, including most prominently the circle-A and the black flag, although anarchists have historically
Oscillation (885 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
typically in time, of some measure about a central value (often a point of equilibrium) or between two or more different states. Familiar examples include a
Partial pressure (1,502 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
determined by the equilibrium between the undissolved gas and the gas that has dissolved in the liquid (called the solvent). The equilibrium constant for that
IS–LM model (3,031 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
preference–money supply" (LM) curves is the "general equilibrium" where there is simultaneous equilibrium in both markets. Two equivalent interpretations are
Phyletic gradualism (482 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
species, unless splitting occurs. The theory is contrasted with punctuated equilibrium. The word "phyletic" derives from the Greek φυλετικός phūletikos, which
Equilibrium (seaQuest 2032) (976 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
"Equilibrium" is the seventh aired episode of seaQuest 2032`s third season and eighth produced overall. It was originally shown on November 15, 1995.
Restoring force (356 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
variable force that gives rise to an equilibrium in a physical system. If the system is perturbed away from the equilibrium, the restoring force will tend to
Market price (120 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
and market price are equal only under conditions of market efficiency, equilibrium, and rational expectations. On restaurant menus, "market price" (often
Determination of equilibrium constants (3,320 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium constants are determined in order to quantify chemical equilibria. When an equilibrium constant is expressed as a concentration quotient,
Sunspots (economics) (765 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
its impact on traders' moods. In economics, a sunspot equilibrium is an economic equilibrium where the market outcome or allocation of resources varies
Solubility (3,481 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
of solid solution, but rarely of solution in a gas (see vapor–liquid equilibrium instead). The extent of solubility ranges widely, from infinitely soluble
Rationalizability (865 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
permissive than Nash equilibrium. Both require that players respond optimally to some belief about their opponents' actions, but Nash equilibrium requires that
Coalition-proof Nash equilibrium (397 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The concept of coalition-proof Nash equilibrium applies to certain "noncooperative" environments in which players can freely discuss their strategies
Capillary pressure (268 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The equation for capillary pressure is only valid under capillary equilibrium, which means that there can not be any flowing phases. In porous media
The Story of Three Loves (1,141 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
as Equilibrium, is a 1953 romantic anthology film made by MGM. It consists of three stories, "The Jealous Lover", "Mademoiselle", and "Equilibrium". The
Braess's paradox (1,945 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
can in some cases reduce overall performance. This is because the Nash equilibrium of such a system is not necessarily optimal. The paradox is stated as
Equilibrium (God Forbid album) (58 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium is the sixth and final studio album by the American metal band God Forbid. The album was released on March 26, 2012, through Victory Records
Laws of thermodynamics (2,546 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermodynamics: If two systems are in thermal equilibrium respectively with a third system, they must be in thermal equilibrium with each other. This law helps define
Thermalisation (78 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
English thermalization) is the process of physical bodies reaching thermal equilibrium through mutual interaction. In general the natural tendency of a system
Dissociation constant (1,202 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
and pharmacology, a dissociation constant ( ) is a specific type of equilibrium constant that measures the propensity of a larger object to separate
Focal point (game theory) (431 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
coordination game, where any place and time in the city could be an equilibrium solution. Schelling asked a group of students this question, and found
Steady state (1,280 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
and engineering. Steady state is a more general situation than dynamic equilibrium. If a system is in steady state, then the recently observed behavior
Quantum non-equilibrium (1,078 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Quantum non-equilibrium is a concept within stochastic formulations of the De Broglie–Bohm theory of quantum physics. In the Copenhagen interpretation
Nernst equation (1,866 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
equal to the equilibrium constant of the reaction for a given temperature, i.e. when the concentration of species are at their equilibrium values, the
Centipede game (2,067 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
rather than that of gain and the unique subgame perfect equilibrium (and every Nash equilibrium) of these games indicates that the first player take the
Nernst equation (1,866 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
equal to the equilibrium constant of the reaction for a given temperature, i.e. when the concentration of species are at their equilibrium values, the
Centipede game (2,067 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
rather than that of gain and the unique subgame perfect equilibrium (and every Nash equilibrium) of these games indicates that the first player take the
Comparative statics (1,776 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
compares two different equilibrium states, after the process of adjustment (if any). It does not study the motion towards equilibrium, nor the process of
Stochastically stable equilibrium (147 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In game theory, a stochastically stable equilibrium is a refinement of the evolutionarily stable state in evolutionary game theory, proposed by Dean Foster
Keynesian cross (607 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
income and output (AD=Y). The intersection gives the equilibrium output, Y. The movement toward equilibrium is mostly via changes in inventories inducing changes
Manipulated Nash equilibrium (713 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In game theory, a Manipulated Nash equilibrium or MAPNASH is a refinement of subgame perfect equilibrium used in dynamic games of imperfect information
Kirchhoff's law of thermal radiation (2,214 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
absorption by a material body in thermodynamic equilibrium, including radiative exchange equilibrium. A body at temperature T radiates electromagnetic
Simple harmonic motion (1,143 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
at rest at the equilibrium position then there is no net force acting on the mass. However, if the mass is displaced from the equilibrium position, a restoring
Coordination game (1,441 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
mixed Nash equilibrium lies in the middle, at the intersection of the dashed lines. Unlike the pure Nash equilibria, the mixed equilibrium is not an evolutionarily
Main sequence (6,380 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
composition and other factors. All main-sequence stars are in hydrostatic equilibrium, where outward thermal pressure from the hot core is balanced by the
Applied general equilibrium (887 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In mathematical economics, applied general equilibrium (AGE) models were pioneered by Herbert Scarf at Yale University in 1967, in two papers, and a follow-up
Snow line (533 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
snow line at the end of the ablation season is roughly equal to the equilibrium line altitude (ELA) for temperate glaciers [...]  Cite uses deprecated
Value and Capital (874 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
equilibrium theory of markets and adaptation of static-equilibrium theory to economic dynamics in distinguishing temporary and long-run equilibrium through
Activity coefficient (1,380 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
difference between these sums and therefore, at equilibrium, is equal to zero. Thus, for an equilibrium such as Substitute in the expressions for the
Walrasian auction (363 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
auction perfectly matches the supply and the demand. Walras suggests that equilibrium will be achieved through a process of tâtonnement (French for "groping")
Slope deflection method (442 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
By forming slope deflection equations and applying joint and shear equilibrium conditions, the rotation angles (or the slope angles) are calculated
Léon Walras (1,589 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Stanley Jevons and Carl Menger) and pioneered the development of general equilibrium theory. Walras was the son of French economist Auguste Walras. His
Bargaining problem (1,323 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
non-cooperation leads to Pareto-inefficient results. It is in essence an equilibrium selection problem; many games have multiple equilibria with varying payoffs
Equilibrium moisture content (346 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
function of both relative humidity and temperature of surrounding air. The equilibrium moisture content (EMC) is the moisture content at which the wood is neither
Economic surplus (1,277 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
area (triangular if the supply and demand curves are linear) above the equilibrium price of the good and below the demand curve. This reflects the fact
Dissipative system (723 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
system which is operating out of, and often far from, thermodynamic equilibrium in an environment with which it exchanges energy and matter. A dissipative
Lindahl tax (1,170 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
agree to have that service level provided. A Lindahl equilibrium is a state of economic equilibrium under a Lindahl tax as well as a method for finding
Signaling game (2,163 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Nash equilibrium, which is an extension of Nash equilibrium to games of incomplete information. Perfect Bayesian equilibrium is the equilibrium concept
Kenneth Arrow (2,960 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
theory, notably "Arrow's impossibility theorem", and his work on general equilibrium analysis. He has also provided foundational work in many other areas
Frank Hahn (1,157 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
January 2013) was a British economist whose work focused on general equilibrium theory, monetary theory, Keynesian economics and monetarism. A famous
Phase (matter) (1,661 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
matter. Also, the term phase is sometimes used to refer to a set of equilibrium states demarcated in terms of state variables such as pressure and temperature
Limescale (392 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
an equilibrium between dissolved calcium bicarbonate and dissolved calcium carbonate: Ca2+ + 2HCO3- ⇋ Ca2+ + CO32- + CO2 + H2O where the equilibrium is
Price floor (477 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
be higher than the equilibrium price in order to be effective. A price floor can be set below the free-market equilibrium price. In the first
Second law of thermodynamics (9,021 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
for a thermodynamic system in its own state of internal thermodynamic equilibrium. It considers a process in which that state changes, with increases in
Onsager reciprocal relations (1,433 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
flows and forces in thermodynamic systems out of equilibrium, but where a notion of local equilibrium exists. "Reciprocal relations" occur between different
Succinct game (1,414 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
utility values. Even trivial algorithms are capable of finding a Nash equilibrium in a time polynomial in the length of such a large input. A succinct
Contact angle (1,414 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(minimal) contact angle. The equilibrium contact is within those values, and can be calculated from them. The equilibrium contact angle reflects the relative
Hydrolysis (1,465 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Not to be confused with hydration (disambiguation), hydrogenolysis, or water splitting. Hydrolysis (/haɪˈdrɒlɨsɪs/; from Greek hydro-, meaning "water"
Strategy (game theory) (1,429 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(Totally mixed strategies are important for equilibrium refinement such as trembling hand perfect equilibrium.) Consider the payoff matrix pictured to
Black-body radiation (7,556 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
electromagnetic radiation within or surrounding a body in thermodynamic equilibrium with its environment, or emitted by a black body (an opaque and non-reflective
Acid (4,401 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
there exists an equilibrium between the acid and its conjugate base. The equilibrium constant K is an expression of the equilibrium concentrations of
List of gravitationally rounded objects of the Solar System (3,384 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
have achieved hydrostatic equilibrium and to have cleared the neighbourhood around its orbit. An object in hydrostatic equilibrium is one that is large enough
Graphical game theory (342 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(tables) of size . So, the total size of the input will be . Finding Nash equilibrium in a game takes exponential time in the size of the representation. If
Acid dissociation constant (8,755 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
strength of an acid in solution. Each acid has a different pKa. It is the equilibrium constant for a chemical reaction known as dissociation in the context
Boltzmann distribution (759 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
nearly-isolated) systems of fixed composition that are in thermal equilibrium (equilibrium with respect to energy exchange). The most general case is the
Convexity in economics (2,793 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Arrow–Debreu model of general economic equilibrium, agents have convex budget sets and convex preferences: At equilibrium prices, the budget hyperplane supports
Ascending pharyngeal artery (280 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the mucous membranes lining them. These branches are in hemodynamic equilibrium with contributors from the internal maxillary artery. The neuromeningeal
Self-ionization of water (1,293 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
This equilibrium applies to pure water and any aqueous solution. Expressed with activities a, instead of concentrations, the thermodynamic equilibrium constant
Free market (3,638 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
forces of supply and demand and are allowed to reach their point of equilibrium without intervention by government policy, and it typically entails support
Slope stability analysis (4,170 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
embankments, road cuts, open-pit mining, excavations, landfills etc.) and the equilibrium conditions. Slope stability is the resistance of inclined surface to
Physical chemistry (1,719 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermodynamics, quantum chemistry, statistical mechanics and dynamics, equilibrium. Physical chemistry, in contrast to chemical physics, is predominantly
Heat death paradox (348 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
universe is eternal, a question arises: How is it that thermodynamic equilibrium has not already been achieved? This paradox is based upon the classical
Predominance diagram (559 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
There are two independent equilibria, with equilibrium constants defined as follows. A third equilibrium constant can be derived from K1 and KD. The
Fluctuation theorem (2,603 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
that the entropy of a system which is currently away from thermodynamic equilibrium (i.e., maximum entropy) will increase or decrease over a given amount
David M. Kreps (175 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
and non-cooperative game theory, particularly the idea of sequential equilibrium, which he developed with Stanford Business School colleague Robert B