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Economic equilibrium (2,925 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article

economic equilibrium is a state where economic forces such as supply and demand are balanced and in the absence of external influences the (equilibrium) values
Mechanical equilibrium (777 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A mechanical equilibrium is a state in which a momentum coordinate of a particle, rigid body, or dynamical system is conserved. Usually this refers to
Quantal response equilibrium (534 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
response equilibrium (QRE) is a solution concept in game theory. First introduced by Richard McKelvey and Thomas Palfrey, it provides an equilibrium notion
Equilibrium point (253 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
differential equations, an equilibrium point is a constant solution to a differential equation. The point is an equilibrium point for the differential
Thermodynamic equilibrium (7,025 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermodynamic equilibrium is an axiomatic concept of classical thermodynamics. It is an internal state of a single thermodynamic system, or a relation
Proper equilibrium (504 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Proper equilibrium is a refinement of Nash Equilibrium due to Roger B. Myerson. Proper equilibrium further refines Reinhard Selten's notion of a trembling
Trembling hand perfect equilibrium (772 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
hand perfect equilibrium is a refinement of Nash equilibrium due to Reinhard Selten. A trembling hand perfect equilibrium is an equilibrium that takes the
Epsilon-equilibrium (1,113 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
epsilon-equilibrium, or near-Nash equilibrium, is a strategy profile that approximately satisfies the condition of Nash equilibrium. In a Nash equilibrium, no
Secular equilibrium (308 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In nuclear physics, secular equilibrium is a situation in which the quantity of a radioactive isotope remains constant because its production rate (e
Self-confirming equilibrium (192 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In game theory, self-confirming equilibrium is a generalization of Nash equilibrium for extensive form games, in which players correctly predict the moves
Sequential equilibrium (345 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Sequential equilibrium is a refinement of Nash Equilibrium for extensive form games due to David M. Kreps and Robert Wilson. A sequential equilibrium specifies
Quasi-perfect equilibrium (417 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Quasi-perfect equilibrium is a refinement of Nash Equilibrium for extensive form games due to Eric van Damme. Informally, a player playing by a strategy
Subgame perfect equilibrium (841 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
game theory, a subgame perfect equilibrium (or subgame perfect Nash equilibrium) is a refinement of a Nash equilibrium used in dynamic games. A strategy
Chemical equilibrium (4,058 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In a chemical reaction, chemical equilibrium is the state in which both reactants and products are present in concentrations which have no further tendency
Equilibrium thermodynamics (395 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium Thermodynamics is the systematic study of transformations of matter and energy in systems as they approach equilibrium. The word equilibrium
General equilibrium theory (6,496 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
result in an overall (or "general") equilibrium. General equilibrium theory contrasts to the theory of partial equilibrium, which only analyzes single markets
Dynamic equilibrium (893 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
For the economic concept, see Dynamic equilibrium (economics) A dynamic equilibrium exists once a reversible reaction ceases to change its ratio of reactants/products
Solution concept (1,694 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
game. The most commonly used solution concepts are equilibrium concepts, most famously Nash equilibrium. Many solution concepts, for many games, will result
List of types of equilibrium (798 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
This is a list of various types of equilibrium, the condition of a system in which all competing influences are balanced. Equilibrioception, the sense
Strong Nash equilibrium (363 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A strong Nash equilibrium is a Nash equilibrium in which no coalition, taking the actions of its complements as given, can cooperatively deviate in a
Vapor–liquid equilibrium (2,913 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Vapor–liquid equilibrium (VLE) is a condition in which a liquid and its vapor (gas phase) are in equilibrium with each other, a condition or state where
Equilibrium constant (3,614 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The equilibrium constant of a chemical reaction is the value of the reaction quotient when the reaction has reached equilibrium. An equilibrium constant
Correlated equilibrium (852 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In game theory, a correlated equilibrium is a solution concept that is more general than the well known Nash equilibrium. It was first discussed by mathematician
Charged-particle equilibrium (49 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In radiological physics, charged-particle equilibrium (CPE) occurs when the number of charged particles leaving a volume is equal to the number entering
Markov perfect equilibrium (1,131 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Markov perfect equilibrium is an equilibrium concept in game theory. It is the refinement of the concept of subgame perfect equilibrium to extensive form
IX Equilibrium (155 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
IX Equilibrium is the third studio album by the black metal band Emperor. Eduardo Rivadavia of AllMusic describes the album as a "sonic onslaught of
Statistical mechanics (5,093 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermodynamics or equilibrium statistical mechanics. Statistical mechanics also finds use outside equilibrium. An important subbranch known as non-equilibrium statistical
Forest of Equilibrium (154 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Forest of Equilibrium is the debut album of the British doom metal band Cathedral. It was released in 1991 on Earache Records. It is considered a classic
Nash equilibrium (5,863 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Nash equilibrium is a solution concept of a non-cooperative game involving two or more players, in which each player is assumed to know the equilibrium strategies
Solubility equilibrium (2,944 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Solubility equilibrium is a type of dynamic equilibrium. It exists when a chemical compound in the solid state is in chemical equilibrium with a solution
Punctuated equilibrium (5,208 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Punctuated equilibrium (also called punctuated equilibria) is a theory in evolutionary biology which proposes that once formed most species will exhibit
Thermal equilibrium (2,039 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
systems are in thermal equilibrium if no heat flows between them when they are connected by a path permeable to heat. Thermal equilibrium obeys the zeroth law
Bayesian game (2,266 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
of pure strategies, A Bayesian Equilibrium of the game is defined to be a (possibly mixed strategy) Nash equilibrium of the game . So for any finite
Radiative equilibrium (1,014 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In physics, radiative equilibrium is the condition where a steady state system is in dynamic equilibrium, with equal incoming and outgoing radiative heat
Risk dominance (1,226 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
refinements of the Nash equilibrium (NE) solution concept in game theory, defined by John Harsanyi and Reinhard Selten. A Nash equilibrium is considered payoff
Non-equilibrium thermodynamics (5,917 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Non-equilibrium thermodynamics is a branch of thermodynamics that deals with thermodynamic systems that are not in thermodynamic equilibrium. Most systems
Mertens-stable equilibrium (1,201 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
perfect equilibrium implements a weak version of backward induction, and increasingly stronger versions are sequential equilibrium, perfect equilibrium, quasi-perfect
Equilibrium (Star Trek: Deep Space Nine) (584 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
"Equilibrium" is the 50th episode of the television series Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, the fourth episode of the third season. Jadzia Dax begins experiencing
Hydrostatic equilibrium (1,684 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In continuum mechanics, a fluid is said to be in hydrostatic equilibrium or hydrostatic balance when it is at rest, or when the flow velocity at each
Vapor pressure (1,994 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Vapor pressure or equilibrium vapor pressure is defined as the pressure exerted by a vapor in thermodynamic equilibrium with its condensed phases (solid
Reversible reaction (413 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A reversible reaction is a chemical reaction that results in an equilibrium mixture of reactants and products. For a reaction involving two reactants
Thermodynamics (13,015 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium thermodynamics studies transformations of matter and energy in systems at or near thermodynamic equilibrium. In thermodynamic equilibrium
Mathematical programming with equilibrium constraints (151 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Mathematical programming with equilibrium constraints (MPEC) is the study of constrained optimization problems where the constraints include variational
Symmetric equilibrium (67 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
game theory, a symmetric equilibrium is an equilibrium where both players use the same strategy (possibly mixed) in the equilibrium. In the Prisoner's Dilemma
On the Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Substances (953 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In the history of thermodynamics, On the Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Substances is a 300-page paper written by American engineer Willard Gibbs. It is
Equilibrium level (194 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In meteorology, the equilibrium level (EL), or level of neutral buoyancy (LNB), or limit of convection (LOC), is the height at which a rising parcel of
Arrow–Debreu model (911 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
crucial part of general equilibrium theory, as it can be used to prove the existence of general equilibrium (or Walrasian equilibrium) of an economy. In general
Equilibrium selection (118 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium selection is a concept from game theory which seeks to address reasons for players of a game to select a certain equilibrium over another.
Social equilibrium (154 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In sociology, a system is said to be social equilibrium when there is a dynamic working balance among its interdependent parts (Davis & Newstrom[clarification
Equilibrium (film) (2,204 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Equilibrium is a 2002 American dystopian science fiction film written and directed by Kurt Wimmer and starring Christian Bale, Emily Watson, and Taye
High-level equilibrium trap (1,362 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The high-level equilibrium trap is a concept developed by environmental historian Mark Elvin to explain why China never underwent an indigenous Industrial
Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (2,448 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium modeling (abbreviated DSGE or sometimes SDGE or DGE) is a branch of applied general equilibrium theory that is influential
Planetary equilibrium temperature (944 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The planetary equilibrium temperature is a theoretical temperature that the planet would be at when considered simply as if it were a black body being
Hardy–Weinberg principle (3,533 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Hardy–Weinberg principle, also known as the Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium, model, theorem, or law, states that allele and genotype frequencies in a population
Punctuated Equilibrium (album) (140 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Punctuated Equilibrium is the first solo album by American singer/guitarist Scott "Wino" Weinrich, released in January 2009 on Southern Lord. "Release
Law of mass action (2,355 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
behaviours of solutions in dynamic equilibrium. Two aspects are involved in the initial formulation of the law: 1) the equilibrium aspect, concerning the composition
Reflective equilibrium (767 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Reflective equilibrium is a state of balance or coherence among a set of beliefs arrived at by a process of deliberative mutual adjustment among general
Markov strategy (92 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
play. A profile of Markov strategies is a Markov perfect Equilibrium if it is a Nash equilibrium in every state of the game. Fudenberg, Drew (1995).
Le Chatelier's principle (1,842 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Chatelier's principle or "The Equilibrium Law", can be used to predict the effect of a change in conditions on a chemical equilibrium. The principle is named
Phase diagram (1,658 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermodynamically distinct phases can occur at equilibrium. Common components of a phase diagram are lines of equilibrium or phase boundaries, which refer to lines
Quasistatic process (325 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
two bodies are never infinitesimally close to equilibrium[clarification needed], since thermal equilibrium requires that the two bodies be at the same temperature
Theoretical plate (1,059 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
of a substance, establish an equilibrium with each other. Such equilibrium stages may also be referred to as an equilibrium stage, ideal stage, or a theoretical
Thermodynamic state (1,144 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermodynamic equilibrium when the conditions of all the relevant types of equilibrium are simultaneously satisfied. A few different types of equilibrium are listed
Reversal potential (889 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the ion flux is in equilibrium. Reversal refers to the fact that a change of membrane potential on either side of the equilibrium potential reverses the
Malthusian equilibrium (72 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Malthusian equilibrium when all of its production is used only for subsistence. Malthusian equilibrium is a locally stable and a dynamic equilibrium. Thomas
John Glen Wardrop (372 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Wardrop's first and second principles of equilibrium. The concepts are related to the idea of Nash equilibrium in game theory developed separately. However
Supply and demand (4,531 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the quantity supplied (at the current price), resulting in an economic equilibrium for price and quantity transacted. The four basic laws of supply and
Hyperbolic equilibrium point (421 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In the study of dynamical systems, a hyperbolic equilibrium point or hyperbolic fixed point is a fixed point that does not have any center manifolds.
Partition equilibrium (249 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Partition equilibrium is a special case of chemical equilibrium. The most common chemical equilibrium systems involve reactants and products in the same
Genetic equilibrium (833 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Genetic equilibrium describes the condition of an allele or genotype in a gene pool (such as a population) where the frequency does not change from generation
Evolutionarily stable strategy (2,776 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
evolutionary psychology. An ESS is an equilibrium refinement of the Nash equilibrium. It is a Nash equilibrium that is "evolutionarily" stable: once it
Equilibrium (Crowbar album) (118 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Equilibrium is the sixth studio album by Crowbar. It was released on 7 March 2000. This was original bassist Todd Strange's final album with the band
Cournot competition (1,748 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Cournot equilibrium is to find firm 2’s reaction function. In this case it is symmetrical to firm 1’s as they have the same cost function. The equilibrium is
Dwarf planet (5,595 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
of the Sun, and is massive enough for its shape to be in hydrostatic equilibrium under its own gravity, but has not cleared the neighborhood around its
Equilibrium mode distribution (374 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The equilibrium mode [power] distribution of light travelling in an optical waveguide or fiber, is the distribution of light that is no longer changing
Partial equilibrium (1,240 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
equilibrium is a condition of economic equilibrium which takes into consideration only a part of the market, ceteris paribus, to attain equilibrium.
Reaction quotient (349 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
special case that the reaction is at equilibrium the reaction quotient is constant and equal to the equilibrium constant which appears in the expression
Revelation principle (408 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Bayesian Nash equilibrium of a game of incomplete information, there exists a payoff-equivalent revelation mechanism that has an equilibrium where the players
Recursive competitive equilibrium (231 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In macroeconomics, recursive competitive equilibrium (RCE) is an equilibrium concept. It has been widely used in exploring a wide variety of economic
Lyapunov function (551 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
functions are scalar functions that may be used to prove the stability of an equilibrium of an ODE. Named after the Russian mathematician Aleksandr Mikhailovich
Statics (1,530 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
loads (force and torque, or "moment") on physical systems in static equilibrium, that is, in a state where the relative positions of subsystems do not
Folk theorem (game theory) (1,059 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
possible Nash equilibrium payoff profiles in an infinitely repeated game (Friedman 1971). For an infinitely repeated game, any Nash equilibrium payoff must
RICE chart (459 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
track of changing concentrations in an equilibrium reaction. RICE stands for "Reaction, Initial, Change, Equilibrium". It is used in chemistry to keep track
Gibbs–Donnan effect (519 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(also known as the Donnan's effect, Donnan law, Donnan equilibrium, or Gibbs–Donnan equilibrium) is a name for the behavior of charged particles near a
Zeroth law of thermodynamics (2,557 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermal equilibrium with a third, then they are in thermal equilibrium with each other. Two systems are said to be in the relation of thermal equilibrium if
Binding constant (210 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The binding constant is a special case of the equilibrium constant . It is associated with the binding and unbinding reaction of receptor (R) and ligand
Transient equilibrium (266 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In nuclear physics, transient equilibrium is a situation in which equilibrium is reached by a parent-daughter radioactive isotope pair where the half-life
Reversible process (thermodynamics) (816 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Due to these infinitesimal changes, the system is in thermodynamic equilibrium throughout the entire process. Since it would take an infinite amount
Equilibrium unfolding (1,975 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In biochemistry, equilibrium unfolding is the process of unfolding a protein or RNA molecule by gradually changing its environment, such as by changing
Equilibrium (band) (613 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Equilibrium is a German folk metal band. The band's music combines elements of folk music, black metal and symphonic metal with various other influences
Equilibrium (Whitecross album) (60 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Equilibrium is the seventh album by Christian metal band Whitecross, released in 1995. Faraway Places (4:53) Rubberneck (4:07) Collide (4:56) This One
Strategic dominance (1,175 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
one unique Nash equilibrium. However, that Nash equilibrium is not necessarily Pareto optimal, meaning that there may be non-equilibrium outcomes of the
Competitive equilibrium (2,133 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Competitive equilibrium (also called: Walrasian equilibrium) is the traditional concept of economic equilibrium, appropriate for the analysis of commodity
Strictly determined game (144 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
one Nash equilibrium with both players using pure strategies. The value of a strictly determined game is equal to the value of the equilibrium outcome
Chemical stability (385 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
in its lowest energy state, or chemical equilibrium with its environment. This may be a dynamic equilibrium, where individual atoms or molecules change
Matching pennies (526 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
illustrate the concept of mixed strategies and a mixed strategy Nash equilibrium. The game is played between two players, Player A and Player B. Each
Homeostasis (2,801 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
those cells to keep more of the glucose for their own use (see Dynamic equilibrium). If the glucose inside the cells is high, the cells will convert it
Thermodynamic system (3,997 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
steady state that is far from equilibrium. Classical thermodynamics considers only states of thermodynamic systems in equilibrium that are either constant
Molecular diffusion (1,739 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
still in motion, but an equilibrium has been established, the end result of molecular diffusion is called a "dynamic equilibrium". In a phase with uniform
Equilibrium chemistry (5,099 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium chemistry is a concerned with systems in chemical equilibrium. The unifying principle is that the free energy of a system at equilibrium is
Schlenk equilibrium (263 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Schlenk equilibrium, named after its discoverer Wilhelm Schlenk, is a chemical equilibrium taking place in solutions of Grignard reagents. 2 RMgX
Product-form solution (1,303 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jackson's theorem gives the joint equilibrium distribution of an open queueing network as the product of the equilibrium distributions of the individual
Wanzlick equilibrium (780 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The Wanzlick equilibrium is a chemical equilibrium between a relatively stable carbene compound and its dimer. In 1960, H.-W. Wanzlick and E. Schikora
Intertemporal equilibrium (169 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Intertemporal equilibrium is a notion of economic equilibrium conceived over many periods of time. In modern economic theory, most models explicitly take
Haber process (2,192 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
to this synthesis: the position of the equilibrium and the rate of reaction. At room temperature, the equilibrium is strongly in favor of ammonia, but the
Equipartition theorem (8,414 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
equipartition. The original idea of equipartition was that, in thermal equilibrium, energy is shared equally among all of its various forms; for example
Underemployment equilibrium (1,015 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In Keynesian economics, underemployment equilibrium refers to a situation with a persistent shortfall relative to full employment and potential output
Equilibrioception (816 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
otoconia, organic calcium carbonate crystals crucial to the maintenance of equilibrium. When the head is tilted or the body position is changed with respect
Non-equilibrium economics (115 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Non-equilibrium economics deals with processes that exhibit self-reinforcing causation, as opposed to standard neoclassical equilibrium economics. This
Temperature (10,576 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
global thermodynamic equilibrium, but in which there is local thermodynamic equilibrium. Thus, when local thermodynamic equilibrium prevails in a body,
Gérard Debreu (1,377 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Econometrica. "Valuation Equilibrium and Pareto Optimum", 1954, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. "Existence of an Equilibrium for a Competitive
Temporary equilibrium method (321 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The temporary equilibrium method has been devised by Alfred Marshall for analyzing economic systems that comprise interdependent variables of different
Differential centrifugation (1,969 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
increasing the centrifugal force. Finally, purification may be done through equilibrium sedimentation, and the desired layer is extracted for further analysis
Philosophy of thermal and statistical physics (1,196 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
are defined for equilibrium states only. The assertion that all thermodynamic systems occupying a fixed volume will reach equilibrium in infinite time
Relative humidity (2,644 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(abbreviated RH) is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at the same temperature. Relative humidity depends
Phase rule (1,644 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
proposed by Josiah Willard Gibbs in his landmark paper titled On the Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Substances, published from 1875 to 1878. The rule is
Long run and short run (1,387 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
equilibrium that is also a long-run equilibrium as to supply and demand, then comparing that state against a new short-run and long-run equilibrium state
PCO2 (149 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
acidosis. Acidosis Alkalosis Arterial blood gas Blood gas tension Chemical equilibrium pH pKa Dugdale DC, Zieve D. Gasometría arterial. Medline Plus. 09/01/2012
Computable general equilibrium (1,518 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Computable general equilibrium (CGE) models are a class of economic models that use actual economic data to estimate how an economy might react to changes
Electrochemical cell (649 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Each reaction is undergoing an equilibrium reaction between different oxidation states of the ions: When equilibrium is reached, the cell cannot provide
Binding selectivity (1,745 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
This article is about selectivity in chemical systems at equilibrium. For kinetic selectivity, see Reactivity–selectivity principle. Binding selectivity
Haumea (5,361 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
gravity is believed sufficient for it to have relaxed into hydrostatic equilibrium, making it a dwarf planet. This elongation, along with its unusually
Pressure-gradient force (291 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
is in an equilibrium state (i.e. there are no net forces, and no acceleration), the system is referred to as being in hydrostatic equilibrium. In the case
State function (714 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
which the system acquired that state. A state function describes the equilibrium state of a system. For example, internal energy, enthalpy, and entropy
Makemake (2,935 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
This article is about the dwarf planet. For the Rapa Nui god, see Makemake (deity). For other uses, see Makemake (disambiguation). Makemake (minor-planet
Quantum non-equilibrium (1,079 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Quantum non-equilibrium is a concept within stochastic formulations of the De Broglie–Bohm theory of quantum physics. In the Copenhagen interpretation
Equilibrium fractionation (600 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium isotope fractionation is the partial separation of isotopes between two or more substances in chemical equilibrium. Equilibrium fractionation
Statically indeterminate (459 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
structure is statically indeterminate (or hyperstatic) when the static equilibrium equations are insufficient for determining the internal forces and reactions
Flash evaporation (1,138 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
evaporation. The equilibrium flash of a multi-component liquid may be visualized as a simple distillation process using a single equilibrium stage. It is
Slope deflection method (443 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
By forming slope deflection equations and applying joint and shear equilibrium conditions, the rotation angles (or the slope angles) are calculated
Oscillation (884 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
typically in time, of some measure about a central value (often a point of equilibrium) or between two or more different states. The term 'vibration' is precisely
Partial pressure (1,510 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
determined by the equilibrium between the undissolved gas and the gas that has dissolved in the liquid (called the solvent). The equilibrium constant for that
Equilibrium (seaQuest 2032) (976 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
"Equilibrium" is the seventh aired episode of seaQuest 2032`s third season and eighth produced overall. It was originally shown on November 15, 1995.
Anarchist symbolism (2,697 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Anarchists have employed certain symbols for their cause, including most prominently the circle-A and the black flag, although anarchists have historically
Market price (120 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
and market price are equal only under conditions of market efficiency, equilibrium, and rational expectations. On restaurant menus, "market price" (often
Restoring force (359 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
variable force that gives rise to an equilibrium in a physical system. If the system is perturbed away from the equilibrium, the restoring force will tend to
Vapor (681 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
this is true, the two phases will be in equilibrium, and the gas partial pressure will equal the equilibrium vapor pressure of the liquid (or solid).
IS–LM model (3,016 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
preference–money supply" (LM) curves is the "general equilibrium" where there is simultaneous equilibrium in both markets. Two equivalent interpretations are
Sunspots (economics) (764 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
its impact on traders' moods. In economics, a sunspot equilibrium is an economic equilibrium where the market outcome or allocation of resources varies
Determination of equilibrium constants (3,320 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Equilibrium constants are determined in order to quantify chemical equilibria. When an equilibrium constant is expressed as a concentration quotient,
Coalition-proof Nash equilibrium (397 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The concept of coalition-proof Nash equilibrium applies to certain "noncooperative" environments in which players can freely discuss their strategies
Capillary pressure (268 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The equation for capillary pressure is only valid under capillary equilibrium, which means that there can not be any flowing phases. In porous media
The Story of Three Loves (1,141 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
as Equilibrium, is a 1953 romantic anthology film made by MGM. It consists of three stories, "The Jealous Lover", "Mademoiselle", and "Equilibrium". The
Equilibrium (God Forbid album) (68 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Equilibrium is the sixth and final studio album by the American metal band God Forbid. The album was released on March 26, 2012, through Victory Records
Rationalizability (865 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
permissive than Nash equilibrium. Both require that players respond optimally to some belief about their opponents' actions, but Nash equilibrium requires that
Thermalisation (78 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
English thermalization) is the process of physical bodies reaching thermal equilibrium through mutual interaction. In general the natural tendency of a system
List of gravitationally rounded objects of the Solar System (3,429 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
have achieved hydrostatic equilibrium and to have cleared the neighbourhood around its orbit. An object in hydrostatic equilibrium is one that is large enough
List of gravitationally rounded objects of the Solar System (3,429 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
have achieved hydrostatic equilibrium and to have cleared the neighbourhood around its orbit. An object in hydrostatic equilibrium is one that is large enough
Manipulated Nash equilibrium (713 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In game theory, a Manipulated Nash equilibrium or MAPNASH is a refinement of subgame perfect equilibrium used in dynamic games of imperfect information
Steady state (1,279 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
and engineering. Steady state is a more general situation than dynamic equilibrium. If a system is in steady state, then the recently observed behavior
Focal point (game theory) (425 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
coordination game, where any place and time in the city could be an equilibrium solution. Schelling asked a group of students this question, and found
Walrasian auction (368 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
auction perfectly matches the supply and the demand. Walras suggests that equilibrium will be achieved through a process of tâtonnement (French for "trial
Dissociation (chemistry) (1,073 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
equilibrium AB A + B the dissociation constant Ka is the ratio of dissociated to undissociated compound where the brackets denote the equilibrium concentrations
Nernst equation (2,007 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
equal to the equilibrium constant of the reaction for a given temperature, i.e. when the concentration of species are at their equilibrium values, the
Centipede game (2,067 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
rather than that of gain and the unique subgame perfect equilibrium (and every Nash equilibrium) of these games indicates that the first player take the
Main sequence (6,361 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
composition and other factors. All main-sequence stars are in hydrostatic equilibrium, where outward thermal pressure from the hot core is balanced by the
Chemical potential (3,093 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
potential is the partial molar Gibbs free energy. At chemical equilibrium or in phase equilibrium the total sum of chemical potentials is zero, as the free
Coordination game (1,452 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
mixed Nash equilibrium lies in the middle, at the intersection of the dashed lines. Unlike the pure Nash equilibria, the mixed equilibrium is not an evolutionarily
Comparative statics (1,776 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
compares two different equilibrium states, after the process of adjustment (if any). It does not study the motion towards equilibrium, nor the process of
Applied general equilibrium (887 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In mathematical economics, applied general equilibrium (AGE) models were pioneered by Herbert Scarf at Yale University in 1967, in two papers, and a follow-up
Oberon (moon) (3,578 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Oberon, also designated Uranus IV, is the outermost major moon of the planet Uranus. It is the second-largest and second most massive of the Uranian moons
Snow line (527 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Retrieved 2010-09-28. The snow line at the end of the ablation season is roughly equal to the equilibrium line altitude (ELA) for temperate glaciers [...] 
Stochastically stable equilibrium (147 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In game theory, a stochastically stable equilibrium is a refinement of the evolutionarily stable state in evolutionary game theory, proposed by Dean Foster
Simple harmonic motion (1,171 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
back to the equilibrium position. When the mass moves closer to the equilibrium position, the restoring force decreases. At the equilibrium position, the
Keynesian cross (607 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
income and output (AD=Y). The intersection gives the equilibrium output, Y. The movement toward equilibrium is mostly via changes in inventories inducing changes
Value and Capital (874 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
equilibrium theory of markets and adaptation of static-equilibrium theory to economic dynamics in distinguishing temporary and long-run equilibrium through
Phase (matter) (1,695 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
matter. Also, the term phase is sometimes used to refer to a set of equilibrium states demarcated in terms of state variables such as pressure and temperature
Bargaining problem (1,323 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
non-cooperation leads to Pareto-inefficient results. It is in essence an equilibrium selection problem; many games have multiple equilibria with varying payoffs
Activity coefficient (1,413 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
difference between these sums and therefore, at equilibrium, is equal to zero. Thus, for an equilibrium such as Substitute in the expressions for the
David M. Kreps (176 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
and non-cooperative game theory, particularly the idea of sequential equilibrium, which he developed with Stanford Business School colleague Robert B
Economic surplus (1,305 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the equilibrium price, a second unit at a price below that but still above the equilibrium price, etc., yet they in fact pay just the equilibrium price
Léon Walras (1,593 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Stanley Jevons and Carl Menger) and pioneered the development of general equilibrium theory. Walras was the son of French economist Auguste Walras
Dissipative system (817 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
system which is operating out of, and often far from, thermodynamic equilibrium in an environment with which it exchanges energy and matter. A dissipative
Braess' paradox (2,395 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
possible. More formally, the idea behind Braess' discovery is that the Nash equilibrium may not equate with the best overall flow through a network. The paradox
Equilibrium moisture content (347 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
function of both relative humidity and temperature of surrounding air. The equilibrium moisture content (EMC) is the moisture content at which the wood is neither
Lindahl tax (1,171 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
agree to have that service level provided. A Lindahl equilibrium is a state of economic equilibrium under a Lindahl tax as well as a method for finding
Kenneth Arrow (3,072 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
theory, notably "Arrow's impossibility theorem", and his work on general equilibrium analysis. He has also provided foundational work in many other areas
Frank Hahn (1,137 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
January 2013) was a British economist whose work focused on general equilibrium theory, monetary theory, Keynesian economics and monetarism. A famous
Succinct game (1,431 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
utility values. Even trivial algorithms are capable of finding a Nash equilibrium in a time polynomial in the length of such a large input. A succinct
Limescale (391 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
an equilibrium between dissolved calcium bicarbonate and dissolved calcium carbonate: Ca2+ + 2HCO3− ⇋ Ca2+ + CO32− + CO2 + H2O where the equilibrium is
Price floor (556 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
be higher than the equilibrium price in order to be effective. A price floor can be set below the free-market equilibrium price. In the first
Acid dissociation constant (8,698 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the equilibrium constant for a chemical reaction known as dissociation in the context of acid-base reactions. In aqueous solution, the equilibrium of acid
Virtual work (3,869 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
virtual displacements. When considering forces applied to a body in static equilibrium, the principle of least action requires the virtual work of these forces
Kirchhoff's law of thermal radiation (2,333 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
absorption by a material body in thermodynamic equilibrium, including radiative exchange equilibrium. A body at temperature T radiates electromagnetic
Wong–Sandler mixing rule (51 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermodynamic mixing rule used for vapor–liquid equilibrium calculations. Vapor–liquid equilibrium Equation of state Wong, D. S. H. and Sandler,
Pluto (10,113 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
specifically, its own gravity should pull it into a shape of hydrostatic equilibrium. It must have cleared the neighborhood around its orbit. Pluto fails
Onsager reciprocal relations (1,435 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
flows and forces in thermodynamic systems out of equilibrium, but where a notion of local equilibrium exists. "Reciprocal relations" occur between different
Black-body radiation (7,624 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
electromagnetic radiation within or surrounding a body in thermodynamic equilibrium with its environment, or emitted by a black body (an opaque and non-reflective
Phyletic gradualism (492 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
species, unless splitting occurs. The theory is contrasted with punctuated equilibrium. The word phyletic derives from the Greek φυλετικός phūletikos, which
Acid (4,468 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
there exists an equilibrium between the acid and its conjugate base. The equilibrium constant K is an expression of the equilibrium concentrations of
Strategy (game theory) (1,430 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
(Totally mixed strategies are important for equilibrium refinement such as trembling hand perfect equilibrium.) Consider the payoff matrix pictured to
Graphical game theory (342 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(tables) of size . So, the total size of the input will be . Finding Nash equilibrium in a game takes exponential time in the size of the representation. If
Hydrolysis (1,466 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Not to be confused with hydration (disambiguation), hydrogenolysis, or water splitting. Hydrolysis (/haɪˈdrɒlɨsɪs/; from Greek hydro-, meaning "water"
Hahn's problem (121 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
challenge of building general equilibrium models where money does not enter preferences, yet has a positive equilibrium value. Money, since it is intrinsically
Intuitive criterion (403 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
The intuitive criterion in game theory is a technique for equilibrium refinement in signaling games. In economics, signaling games are games in which
Enzyme (8,370 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
catalyst and are not consumed in chemical reactions, nor do they alter the equilibrium of a reaction. Enzymes differ from most other catalysts by being much
Convexity in economics (2,796 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Arrow–Debreu model of general economic equilibrium, agents have convex budget sets and convex preferences: At equilibrium prices, the budget hyperplane supports