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searching for Entropy (astrophysics) 176 found (179 total)

alternate case: entropy (astrophysics)

Gravitational singularity (2,144 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article

apparently becomes infinite at the center of a black hole, and within astrophysics and cosmology as the earliest state of the universe during the Big Bang
Zeeman–Doppler imaging (428 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In astrophysics, Zeeman–Doppler imaging is a tomographic technique dedicated to the cartography of stellar magnetic fields, as well as surface brightness
De Laval nozzle (1,105 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
is constant. The gas flow through a de Laval nozzle is isentropic (gas entropy is nearly constant). In a subsonic flow the gas is incompressible, and
Quantum statistical mechanics (1,318 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
show T log2 T is not trace-class. Theorem. Entropy is a unitary invariant. In analogy with classical entropy (notice the similarity in the definitions)
Polytropic process (824 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ed. Manchester University Press. 40 (1).  Horedt, G. P. (2004-08-10). Polytropes: Applications In Astrophysics And Related Fields. Springer. p. 24. 
Baryon asymmetry (2,012 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
{B}}}{s}}} because the entropy density of the universe remained reasonably constant throughout most of its evolution. The entropy density is
Shock wave (3,724 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hence, when a shock wave passes through matter, energy is preserved but entropy increases. This change in the matter's properties manifests itself as a
Cosmology (1,927 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
time" due to the finite nature of the speed of light. Physics and astrophysics have played a central role in shaping the understanding of the universe
Wojciech H. Zurek (787 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
pioneer in information physics, edited an influential book on "Complexity, Entropy and the Physics of Information", and spearheaded the efforts that finally
Hydrogen anion (406 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Rau, A. R. P. (1996). "The Negative Ion of Hydrogen" (PDF). Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. 17 (3): 113–145. Bibcode:1996JApA...17..113R. doi:10.1007/BF02702300
Firewall (physics) (1,127 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
3743P. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.71.3743.  Page, Don N. (1993). "Average entropy of a subsystem". Phys. Rev. Lett. 71: 1291. arXiv:gr-qc/9305007 . Bibcode:1993PhRvL
List of interstellar and circumstellar molecules (8,380 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
detection of low-entropy (highly symmetric) fullerene molecules supports this assumption. It is also noted that information entropy reflects the depth
Convective overturn (499 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
another wave of energized neutrinos which reenergizes the shock wave. The entropy convection model has matter falling inward from above the shock layer down
Galaxy groups and clusters (1,446 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
better understand this thermal history one needs to study the entropy of the gas because entropy is the quantity most directly changed by increasing or decreasing
RdRand (2,195 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
on-chip hardware random number generator which has been seeded by an on-chip entropy source. RDRAND is available in Ivy Bridge processors and is part of the
Black hole (14,466 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the area as entropy. One puzzling feature is that the entropy of a black hole scales with its area rather than with its volume, since entropy is normally
Inflation (cosmology) (12,484 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
thermal equilibrium. Their models failed, however, because of the buildup of entropy over several cycles. Misner made the (ultimately incorrect) conjecture
List of physics journals (858 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Astronomy and Astrophysics The Astronomical Journal Astronomy and Astrophysics Astroparticle Physics The Astrophysical Journal Astrophysics and Space Science
Temperature (11,272 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
energy with respect the entropy at constant volume. Its natural, intrinsic origin or null point is absolute zero at which the entropy of any system is at
Jacob Bekenstein (1,542 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
suggest that black holes should have a well-defined entropy. He wrote that a black hole's entropy was proportional to the area of its (the black hole's)
Rossby wave instability in astrophysical discs (1,588 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
S {\displaystyle S} is the specific entropy of the gas, and γ {\displaystyle
Physics applications of asymptotically safe gravity (954 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
concerning the implications of asymptotic safety in particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology, for instance. The Standard Model in combination with
Kip Thorne (3,555 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Nobel laureate, known for his contributions in gravitational physics and astrophysics. A longtime friend and colleague of Stephen Hawking and Carl Sagan, he
Outline of physics (3,568 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
agroecosystems Soil physics – study of soil physical properties and processes. Astrophysics – study of the physical aspects of celestial objects Astronomy – studies
Weyl curvature hypothesis (540 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
concept of the entropy content of gravitational fields. Near the initial cosmological singularity (the Big Bang), he proposes, the entropy content of the
Fluid mechanics (2,313 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
engineering, chemical engineering, biomedical engineering, geophysics, astrophysics, and biology. Fluid mechanics can be divided into fluid statics, the
Index of physics articles (T) (2,024 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Temperature dependence of liquid viscosity Temperature measurement Temperature–entropy diagram Temporal paradox Tendex line Tennis racket theorem Tensile stress
Timeline of the far future (5,090 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
far-future events, if only in the broadest outline. These fields include astrophysics, which has revealed how planets and stars form, interact, and die; particle
Timeline of gravitational physics and relativity (2,035 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
1972 – Jacob Bekenstein proposes that black holes have a non-decreasing entropy which can be identified with the area, 1972 – Carter, Hawking and James
List of scientific laws named after people (96 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hamilton Charles's law Thermodynamics Jacques Charles Chandrasekhar limit Astrophysics Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Church–Turing thesis Computer science Alonzo
Gamma-ray burst progenitors (2,807 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
entropy". Physical Review D. 7 (8): 2333. Bibcode:1973PhRvD...7.2333B. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.7.2333.  Hawking, S.W. (1973). "Black holes and entropy"
Big Bang (12,355 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Eventually, black holes would evaporate by emitting Hawking radiation. The entropy of the universe would increase to the point where no organized form of
Hawking radiation (6,501 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Jacob Bekenstein, who predicted that black holes should have a finite entropy. Hawking's work followed his visit to Moscow in 1973 where the Soviet scientists
Thermodynamic equilibrium (7,342 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
for which some thermodynamic potential is minimized, or for which the entropy (S) is maximized, for specified conditions. One such potential is the Helmholtz
GADGET (439 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
simulations written by Volker Springel at the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics. The name is an acronym of "GAlaxies with Dark matter and Gas intEracT"
List of unsolved problems in physics (8,285 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
physics. Arrow of time (e.g. entropy's arrow of time): Why does time have a direction? Why did the universe have such low entropy in the past, and time correlates
Hydrostatics (2,052 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
transporting and using fluids. It is also relevant to geophysics and astrophysics (for example, in understanding plate tectonics and the anomalies of the
Carbon monoxide (7,081 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
process can be driven by heating, exploiting the positive (favorable) entropy of reaction. The Ellingham diagram shows that CO formation is favored over
Fractal cosmology (2,105 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
from zero to three at a scale around 55 Mpc/h in the context of a "scale-entropy diffusion equation". It gives a way to estimate the number of galaxies
Amino radical (57 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
formula NH 2• Molar mass 16.0226 g mol−1 Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 194.71 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 190
Continuum mechanics (7,781 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
interest in this case is the entropy. Thus, we assume that there is an entropy flux, an entropy source, and an internal entropy density per unit mass (
Future of an expanding universe (4,493 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
roughly 10101056 years. Over an infinite time there could be a spontaneous entropy decrease, by a Poincaré recurrence or through thermal fluctuations (see
Physics (8,234 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
physics; condensed matter physics; atomic, molecular, and optical physics; astrophysics; and applied physics. Some physics departments also support physics education
Index of physics articles (B) (1,478 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
correction Boltzmann's entropy formula Boltzmann-Matano analysis Boltzmann Medal Boltzmann constant Boltzmann distribution Boltzmann entropy Boltzmann equation
Pressure (4,999 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the Wayback Machine., Sect. 7.4. "Einstein's gravity under pressure". Astrophysics and Space Science. 321: 151–156. arXiv:0705.0825 . Bibcode:2009Ap&SS
Thermodynamic temperature (11,295 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
states. We call this distribution "entropy". To better understand the relationship between temperature and entropy, consider the relationship between
Modern physics (514 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Topology · space · time · energy · matter · work randomness · information · entropy · mind light · particle · wave Branches Applied · Experimental · Theoretical
Fluid dynamics (4,185 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
between total entropy and static entropy as they are always equal by definition. As such, entropy is most commonly referred to as simply "entropy". Acoustic
Shell star (556 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(1994). "Maximum-entropy maps of the Be shell star zeta Tauri from optical long-baseline interferometry". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 283: L13. Bibcode:1994A&A
Plasma (physics) (6,664 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
ISBN 978-1-4665-0990-0.  Chiuderi, C.; Velli, M. (2015). Basics of Plasma Astrophysics. Springer. p. 17. ISBN 978-88-470-5280-2.  Crookes presented a lecture
List of paradoxes (7,168 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
paradox: In an ideal gas, is entropy an extensive variable? Loschmidt's paradox: Why is there an inevitable increase in entropy when the laws of physics are
Stellar structure (2,036 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
nuclear burning is not stable, or the star's core is rapidly collapsing, an entropy term must be added to the energy equation. Star portal Polytrope Scale
Interstellar medium (4,260 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
is defined from frequency and spectral radiance by Planck’s formula. As entropy must increase, “may” becomes “does”. However, where a previously absorbed
Weak gravity conjecture (81 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Topology · space · time · energy · matter · work randomness · information · entropy · mind light · particle · wave Branches Applied · Experimental · Theoretical
Causal sets (4,887 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(Black hole entropy) D.P. Rideout, S. Zohren, Counting entropy in causal set quantum gravity ; arXiv:gr-qc/0612074v1; (Black hole entropy) D.P. Rideout
Aluminium monochloride (218 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
IRC+10216 - Detection of NaCl, AlCl, and KCl, and tentative detection of AlF". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 183 (1): L10–L12. Bibcode:1987A&A...183L..10C. 
Propionitrile (389 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 105.3 J K−1 mol−1 Std molar entropy (So298) 189.33 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 15.5
Gliese 581c (3,605 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
dated April 27, 2007, published in the July 2007 journal Astronomy and Astrophysics. At the time of discovery, it was reported to be the first potentially
Abhas Mitra (1,767 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
astrophysicist best known for his distinct views on several front-line astrophysics concepts, particularly related to black holes and Big Bang cosmology
Cosmic microwave background (11,127 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Zeldovich, Y. B. (1972). "A hypothesis, unifying the structure and the entropy of the Universe". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 160
Loop quantum gravity (20,975 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
hence, it has no entropy. It appears, then, that one can violate the second law of thermodynamics by dropping an object with nonzero entropy into a black
Magnetohydrodynamics (4,415 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
applicable in the absence of shocks or heat conduction as it assumes that the entropy of a fluid element does not change. Ideal MHD is only strictly applicable
Calcium hydroxide (1,301 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ewine F., Molecules in Astrophysics: Probes and Processes, International Astronomical Union Symposia. Molecules in Astrophysics: Probes and Processes,
General relativity (19,769 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
famous. Yet the theory entered the mainstream of theoretical physics and astrophysics only with the developments between approximately 1960 and 1975, now known
Homochirality (2,712 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
to be a form of information storage. One suggestion is that it reduces entropy barriers in the formation of large organized molecules. It has been experimentally
Bernard H. Lavenda (2,195 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
become unstable they make transitions to kinetic branches with lower entropy production than the thermodynamic branch. This result was initially contested
Atomic physics (1,138 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Topology · space · time · energy · matter · work randomness · information · entropy · mind light · particle · wave Branches Applied · Experimental · Theoretical
Sodium cyanide (676 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 70.4 J/mol K Std molar entropy (So298) 115.7 J/mol K Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) -91 kJ/mol
Black-body radiation (8,593 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermal radiation. It is a spontaneous process of radiative distribution of entropy. Conversely all normal matter absorbs electromagnetic radiation to some
Sodium iodide (627 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Halite Coordination geometry Octahedral Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 91 J mol−1 K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −288 kJ mol−1
Branches of physics (1,663 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
as heat or work. They also postulate the existence of a quantity named entropy, which can be defined for any system. In thermodynamics, interactions between
Max Planck (5,123 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermodynamical formalism as Gibbs without realizing it. Clausius's ideas on entropy occupied a central role in his work. In April 1885 the University of Kiel
Steven S. Vogt (967 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
planet outside of the Solar System. He is a professor of astronomy and astrophysics at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and is known worldwide for
Outline of biophysics (1,183 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
changes in molecule conformation and changes in size, charge or hydration entropy. Microscopy – used in many ways, for example, to enable the use of laser
Magnesium monohydride (3,877 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
properties of the MgH gas include enthalpy of formation of 229.79 kJ mol−1, entropy 193.20 JK−1 mol−1 and heat capacity of 29.59 JK−1 mol−1. The dissociation
Chronology of the universe (5,477 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
into photons., §IV, §VF. In this case, the universe has reached a high-entropy state consisting of a bath of particles and low-energy radiation. It is
Sulfur monoxide (1,068 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
gas Solubility in water Reacts log P 0.155 Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 221.94 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 5.01
Pink noise (3,127 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Astrophysics. 300: 707–710. Bibcode:1995A&A...300..707T.  Ovchinnikov, I.V. (2016). "Introduction to supersymmetric theory of stochastics". Entropy.
Leticia Corral (451 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
of Technology of Ciudad Cuauhtémoc. Her current research focuses on astrophysics, particularly the mathematics of general relativity, black holes and
Methylidyne radical (608 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Colourless gas Solubility in water Reacts Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 183.04 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 594
Cornelis Dirk Andriesse (1,053 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
by themselves cannot establish. Metatheories are not very common in astrophysics. Also fluctuations are usually ignored rather than taken as a starting
Hydrogen cyanide (3,406 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ewine F., Molecules in Astrophysics: Probes and Processes, International Astronomical Union Symposia. Molecules in Astrophysics: Probes and Processes,
Tricarbon (430 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Chemical formula C3 Molar mass 36.03 g·mol−1 Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 237.27 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 820
Age of the universe (3,060 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
of thermodynamics, formalized in the mid-19th century. The concept of entropy dictates that if the universe (or any other closed system) were infinitely
Dynamo theory (2,627 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(March 2016). "Introduction to Supersymmetric Theory of Stochastics". Entropy. 18 (4): 108. arXiv:1511.03393 . Bibcode:2016Entrp..18..108O. doi:10.3390/e18040108
Hydroxyl radical (3,005 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
diffuse clouds have been established for some works (Hartquist, Molecular Astrophysics, 1990). The •OH radical is linked with the production of H2O in molecular
Sulfanyl (1,908 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
"Detection of the mercapto radical SH in the solar atmosphere". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 387: L6–L9. Bibcode:2002A&A...387L...6B. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20020364
Sean M. Carroll (1,421 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
and the Universe Itself. Carroll received his PhD in astronomy and astrophysics in 1993 from Harvard University, where his advisor was George B. Field
Index of physics articles (J) (1,781 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Torus Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics Joint Institute for Nuclear Research Joint entropy Joint quantum entropy Jolly balance Jon Orloff Jonathan
Potassium cyanide (1,158 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
0·10−6 cm3/mol Refractive index (nD) 1.410 Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 127.8 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −131
Index of physics articles (L) (2,104 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Linear dynamical system Linear elasticity Linear energy transfer Linear entropy Linear flow on the torus Linear motion Linear particle accelerator Linear
Redshift (9,546 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
above. In many circumstances scattering causes radiation to redden because entropy results in the predominance of many low-energy photons over few high-energy
Chemistry (8,780 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
pollutants are degraded (ecology), the properties of the soil on the moon (astrophysics), how medications work (pharmacology), and how to collect DNA evidence
Conversion of units (2,036 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
prefer the shannon to the bit as a unit for a quantity of information entropy, whereas the (discrete) storage space of digital devices is measured in
Index of physics articles (M) (2,463 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Maximum bubble pressure method Maximum density Maximum entropy probability distribution Maximum entropy thermodynamics Maximum power transfer theorem Maximum
Magnetospheric eternally collapsing object (1,004 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Physics)"Comments on The Euclidean gravitational action as black hole entropy, singularities, and space-time voids".  Shiga, D.; "Mysterious quasar
List of important publications in physics (12,771 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
application to viscosity and rubber elasticity, and an expression for the entropy gain during the coiling of linear flexible molecules. Guth, Eugene; James
Jean-Pierre Petit (8,711 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
magnetohydrodynamics power generation and propulsion as well as topology and astrophysics applied in cosmology. He is a pioneer in magnetohydrodynamics and has
Particle physics (2,940 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Springer. pp. 313–314. ISBN 978-94-007-2463-1.  "Particle Physics and Astrophysics Research". The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics. Retrieved
Index of physics articles (N) (1,472 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Plasma Dynamics Laboratory Nonequilibrium partition identity Nonextensive entropy Nonholonomic system Nonimaging optics Nonlinear acoustics Nonlinear control
Acetonitrile (1,580 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 91.69 J/(K·mol) Std molar entropy (So298) 149.62 J/(K·mol) Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 40.16–40
Anthracene (982 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 210.5 J/mol·K Std molar entropy (So298) 207.5 J/mol·K Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 129.2 kJ/mol
Silane (2,129 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
r(Si-H) = 1.4798 angstroms Dipole moment 0 D Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 204.6 J mol−1 K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 34.31kJ/mol
Paul Steinhardt (6,479 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Science. Steinhardt's research has spanned problems in particle physics, astrophysics, cosmology, condensed matter physics, geoscience and photonics. In cosmology
Theory of everything (6,132 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
"Gravitational Wave Astronomy". The Origin of Black Hole Entropy in String Theory. Astrophysics and Space Science Library. 211. p. 95. arXiv:gr-qc/9604051 
Objections to evolution (16,863 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
because the enormous increase in entropy due to the Sun and Earth radiating into space dwarfs the local decrease in entropy caused by the existence and evolution
Hydrogen chloride (2,195 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 0.7981 J K−1 g−1 Std molar entropy (So298) 186.902 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298)  –92
Cyanogen (1,041 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
cm3/mol Refractive index (nD) 1.327 (18 °C) Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 241.57 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 309
Scandium (2,925 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Douglas L. Irvingb & Carl C. Koch "A Novel Low-Density, High-Hardness, High-entropy Alloy with Close-packed Single-phase Nanocrystalline Structures" DOI: 10
Planetary migration (4,626 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
locally isothermal disks, outward migration may occur in disks that possess entropy gradients. During the late phase of planetary system formation, massive
Abiogenesis (28,580 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
maximum entropy production". Chem. Phys. Lett. 430: 177–182.  Unrean, P., Srienc, F. (2011) Metabolic networks evolve towards states of maximum entropy production
Carbonyl sulfide (1,334 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 41.5 J/mol K Std molar entropy (So298) 231.5 J/mol K Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) -141.8 kJ/mol
Sodium chloride (3,064 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 36.79 J/(K·mol) Std molar entropy (So298) 72.11 J/(K·mol) Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −411.12
Acetic acid (6,574 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
enthalpy of the dimer is estimated at 65.0–66.0 kJ/mol, and the dissociation entropy at 154–157 J mol−1 K−1. Other carboxylic acids engage in similar intermolecular
Nitroxyl (557 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 33.88 J K−1 mol−1 Std molar entropy (So298) 220.91 J K−1 mol−1 Except where otherwise noted, data are given
Hydrogen fluoride (1,884 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Molecular shape Linear Dipole moment 1.86 D Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 8.687 J/g K (gas) Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −13.66
Methylene (compound) (1,162 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Colourless gas Solubility in water Reacts Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 193.93 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 386
Phosphine (2,559 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
D Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 37 J/mol K Std molar entropy (So298) 210 J·mol−1·K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 5 kJ·mol−1
Ammonia (12,156 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
dissociative recombination of NH4+ and NH2+ molecular ions". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 344: 1027. Bibcode:1999A&A...344.1027V.  van Dishoeck, E. F.; Black
Cosmological constant (2,880 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
cosmological constant has surprising consequences, such as a finite maximum entropy of the observable universe (see the holographic principle). A major
Sulfur dioxide (3,892 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Molecular shape Dihedral Dipole moment 1.62 D Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 248.223 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −296
Methane (8,412 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ewine F., Molecules in Astrophysics: Probes and Processes, International Astronomical Union Symposia. Molecules in Astrophysics: Probes and Processes,
Index of physics articles (H) (1,817 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Hartree–Fock method Harvard Project Physics Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Harvey Einbinder Harvey Fletcher Hasegawa–Mima equation Hassan Aref Hassan
Micro black hole (3,059 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermodynamic description breaks down. Such a mini-black hole would also have an entropy of only 4π nats, approximately the minimum possible value. At this point
Acetylene (3,182 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
cm3/mol Structure Molecular shape Linear Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 201 J·mol−1·K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) +226.88
Gliese 581g (4,981 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
led by principal investigator Steven Vogt, professor of astronomy and astrophysics at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and co-investigator R. Paul
Index of physics articles (P) (2,639 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Particle acceleration Particle accelerator Particle aggregation Particle astrophysics Particle beam Particle counter Particle decay Particle detector Particle
Electromagnetic radiation (9,921 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
heat, since it has an equivalent temperature and is associated with an entropy change per unit of thermal energy. However, "heat" is a technical term
Naphthalene (3,158 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 165.72 J/mol·K Std molar entropy (So298) 167.39 J/mol·K Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 78.53 kJ/mol
Venus (11,056 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Withers, Paul G.; McKay, Christopher P. (2001). "Titan, Mars and Earth: Entropy Production by Latitudinal Heat Transport" (PDF). Ames Research Center,
Acetaldehyde (4,487 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
tetrahedral (sp³) at C2 Dipole moment 2.7 D Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 250 J·mol−1·K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −166 kJ·mol−1
Formic acid (3,082 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
shape Planar Dipole moment 1.41 D (gas) Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 131.8 J/mol K Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −425.0 kJ/mol
Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization (1,447 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
includes open systems, which are characterized by dissipation of energy and entropy production. Pattern forming systems are particularly interesting, and the
Factor analysis (8,494 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Principles of oblique rotation can be derived from both cross entropy and its dual entropy. Communality: The sum of the squared factor loadings for all
Life (14,505 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Biophysicists have commented that living things function on negative entropy. In other words, living processes can be viewed as a delay of the spontaneous
Acetone (3,659 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 125.45 J/(mol·K) Std molar entropy (So298) 200.4 J/(mol·K) Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −250.03–(−248
Sodium hydroxide (5,057 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Safety and Health (NIOSH).  P. R. Siemens, William F. Giauque (1969): "Entropies of the hydrates of sodium hydroxide. II. Low-temperature heat capacities
Anthropic principle (8,575 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
origin, must include the assumption that at the initial singularity, the entropy of the universe was low and therefore extremely improbable. Paul Davies
Hydrogen sulfide (5,981 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 1.003 J K−1 g−1 Std molar entropy (So298) 206 J mol−1 K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −21 kJ
Antimatter (6,280 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Topology · space · time · energy · matter · work randomness · information · entropy · mind light · particle · wave Branches Applied · Experimental · Theoretical
Ethylene (4,747 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Molecular shape D2h Dipole moment zero Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 219.32 J·K−1·mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) +52
Max von Laue (4,353 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
assistant to Planck until 1909. In Berlin, he worked on the application of entropy to radiation fields and on the thermodynamic significance of the coherence
Quantum mechanics (12,055 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Topology · space · time · energy · matter · work randomness · information · entropy · mind light · particle · wave Branches Applied · Experimental · Theoretical
Planck's law (16,337 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
hole. Just as the Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution is the unique maximum entropy energy distribution for a gas of material particles at thermal equilibrium
Shocks and discontinuities (magnetohydrodynamics) (1,537 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
fast-mode shocks are compressive and are associated with an increase in entropy. Across slow-mode shock, the tangential component of the magnetic field
Potassium chloride (1,485 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
geometry Octahedral (K+) Octahedral (Cl−) Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 83 J·mol−1·K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −436 kJ·mol−1
Zero-point energy (26,315 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
in a closed linear system entropy flow can only be positive (or exactly zero at the end of a cycle). However, negative entropy (i.e. increased order, structure
Glossary of artificial intelligence (1,146 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Operationalization Feedback Self-reference Goal-oriented System dynamics Sensemaking Entropy Cybernetics Autopoiesis Information theory Computation theory Complexity
Equipartition theorem (11,724 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
density of states. By the usual definitions of statistical mechanics, the entropy S equals kB log Ω(E), and the temperature T is defined by
Titanium dioxide (5,168 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(anatase) 2.583 (brookite) 2.609 (rutile) Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 50 J·mol−1·K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −945 kJ·mol−1
Glossary of chemistry terms (3,709 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
of the total energy of a thermodynamic system (usually symbolized as H) entropy – the amount of energy not available for work in a closed thermodynamic
List of scientific publications by Albert Einstein (4,081 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
field theory of gravitation that provides the cornerstone for modern astrophysics and cosmology. General relativity is based on the surprising idea that
Stephen Hawking in popular culture (5,033 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
authority/because kicking their punk asses be my paramount priority") and "Entropy" ("You down with entropy?") The success of the MC Hawking amongst internet users eventually
John von Neumann (15,069 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
architecture Von Neumann bicommutant theorem Von Neumann conjecture Von Neumann entropy Von Neumann programming languages Von Neumann regular ring Von Neumann
Chaos theory (9,476 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(March 2016). "Introduction to Supersymmetric Theory of Stochastics". Entropy. 18 (4): 108. arXiv:1511.03393 . Bibcode:2016Entrp..18..108O. doi:10.3390/e18040108
Benzene (7,738 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 134.8 J/mol·K Std molar entropy (So298) 173.26 J/mol·K Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 48.7 kJ/mol
Radioactive decay (9,775 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
energy. A disturbance would thus facilitate the path to a state of greater entropy: The system will move towards the ground state, producing heat, and the
Science (13,383 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
cumulative energy quality of the universe is seen as constantly declining: the entropy of the universe increases over time. The electromagnetic theory was also
Glossary of physics (8,072 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
temperature. More formally, it is the theoretical temperature at which entropy reaches its minimum value. Absorption spectroscopy – Absorptivity – Accelerating
Subir Sachdev (7,398 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
tabletop experiments), and quantum entanglement near black holes of astrophysics. This connection is most clearly seen by first thinking more carefully
Physics beyond the Standard Model (4,422 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
PMID 19865083.  Maldacena, J.; Strominger, A.; Witten, E. (1997). "Black hole entropy in M-Theory". Journal of High Energy Physics. 1997 (12): 2. arXiv:hep-th/9711053 
Carbon dioxide (10,842 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 37.135 J/K mol Std molar entropy (So298) 214 J·mol−1·K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −393.5 kJ·mol−1
Artificial intelligence (20,444 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Operationalization Feedback Self-reference Goal-oriented System dynamics Sensemaking Entropy Cybernetics Autopoiesis Information theory Computation theory Complexity
Ethylene oxide (10,563 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 47.9 J·mol−1·K−1 Std molar entropy (So298) 242.5 J·mol−1·K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −52.6 kJ·mol−1
Nitric oxide (6,053 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Molecular shape linear (point group C∞v) Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 210.76 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 91.29
Ozone (11,013 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hybridisation sp2 for O1 Dipole moment 0.53 D Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 238.92 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 142
Nitrous oxide (9,113 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
shape linear, C∞v Dipole moment 0.166 D Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 219.96 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) +82
Index of physics articles (S) (3,264 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Standard gravitational parameter Standard linear solid model Standard molar entropy Standard ruler Standard solar model Standing wave Stanford E. Woosley Stanford
Navier–Stokes equations (10,573 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
method". Published by Dr. TM Shah; republished by The Smithsonian/NASA Astrophysics Data System. Retrieved 8 January 2013.  Wang, C. Y. (1991), "Exact solutions
Creation science (10,577 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
over time through evolution is not possible due to the law of increasing entropy; that it is impossible that the mechanism of natural selection could account
History of physics (14,878 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
increasingly likely, increasingly disorganized states (coining the term "entropy" to describe the disorganization of a state). The statistical versus absolute
List of Russian scientists (9,446 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
inventor of combinatory logic Yakov Sinai, developed the Kolmogorov–Sinai entropy and Sinai billiard, Wolf Prize and Abel Prize winner Eugen Slutsky, statistician
2014 in science (24,602 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
weapon designed to protect ships without using ammunition. A new "high-entropy" metal alloy has been developed with a higher strength-to-weight ratio
List of Russian people (22,111 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
inventor of combinatory logic Yakov Sinai, developed the Kolmogorov–Sinai entropy and Sinai billiard, Wolf and Abel Prize winner Stanislav Smirnov, prominent
Mint-wigris (4,099 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
relativity, electromagnetic interaction (wave character), (inner space) entropy, Schwarzschild radius and barycentrical mass (particle character, general
Taylor's law (13,737 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
that suggested that Fronczak and Fronczak had possibly provided a maximum entropy derivation of these distributions. Taylor's law has been shown to hold