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searching for Entropy (astrophysics) 155 found (160 total)

alternate case: entropy (astrophysics)

Big Bang (11,596 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article

Eventually, black holes would evaporate by emitting Hawking radiation. The entropy of the universe would increase to the point where no organized form of
Quantum statistical mechanics (1,338 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Main article: Von Neumann entropy Of particular significance for describing randomness of a state is the von Neumann entropy of S formally defined by
Black hole (13,086 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the area as entropy. One puzzling feature is that the entropy of a black hole scales with its area rather than with its volume, since entropy is normally
General relativity (19,781 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
famous. Yet the theory entered the mainstream of theoretical physics and astrophysics only with the developments between approximately 1960 and 1975, now known
Timeline of the far future (4,917 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Universe must account for the second law of thermodynamics, which states that entropy, or a loss of the energy available to do work, must increase over time
Firewall (physics) (929 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
3743P. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.71.3743.  Page, Don N. (1993). "Average entropy of a subsystem". Phys. Rev. Lett. 71: 1291. arXiv:gr-qc/9305007. Bibcode:1993PhRvL
De Laval nozzle (1,119 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
is constant. The gas flow through a de Laval nozzle is isentropic (gas entropy is nearly constant). In a subsonic flow the gas is compressible, and sound
Temperature (11,137 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
energy with respect the entropy at constant volume. Its natural, intrinsic origin or null point is absolute zero at which the entropy of any system is at
Hydrogen anion (406 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Rau, A. R. P. (1996). "The Negative Ion of Hydrogen" (PDF). Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. 17 (3): 113–145. Bibcode:1996JApA...17..113R. doi:10.1007/BF02702300
Gliese 581 c (3,186 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
dated April 27, 2007, published in the July 2007 journal Astronomy and Astrophysics. At the time of discovery, it was reported to be the first potentially
Redshift (9,443 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
above. In many circumstances scattering causes radiation to redden because entropy results in the predominance of many low-energy photons over few high-energy
Kip Thorne (2,898 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
physicist, known for his contributions in gravitational physics and astrophysics. A longtime friend and colleague of Stephen Hawking and Carl Sagan, he
Polytropic process (836 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ed. (Manchester University Press) 40 (1).  Horedt, G. P. (2004-08-10). Polytropes: Applications In Astrophysics And Related Fields. Springer. p. 24. 
Zeeman–Doppler imaging (428 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
In astrophysics, Zeeman–Doppler imaging is a tomographic technique dedicated to the cartography of stellar magnetic fields, as well as surface brightness
Shock wave (3,649 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
aircraft. When a shock wave passes through matter, energy is preserved but entropy increases. This change in the matter's properties manifests itself as a
Physics (7,786 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
nanotechnology and engineering. Main articles: Astrophysics and Physical cosmology Astrophysics and astronomy are the application of the theories
Galaxy groups and clusters (1,370 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
better understand this thermal history one needs to study the entropy of the gas because entropy is the quantity most directly changed by increasing or decreasing
Plasma (physics) (6,846 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
"Advances in Numerical Modeling of Astrophysical and Space Plasmas". Astrophysics and Space Science. 242 (1–2): 93–163. Bibcode:1996Ap&SS.242...93P. doi:10
Jacob Bekenstein (1,527 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
suggest that black holes should have a well-defined entropy. He wrote that a black hole's entropy was proportional to its (the black hole's) event horizon
Acetic acid (6,119 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
enthalpy of the dimer is estimated at 65.0–66.0 kJ/mol, and the dissociation entropy at 154–157 J mol−1 K−1. Other lower carboxylic acids dimerize in a similar
Hawking radiation (6,236 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
predicted that black holes should have a finite, non-zero temperature and entropy. Hawking's work followed his visit to Moscow in 1973 where the Soviet scientists
Wojciech H. Zurek (796 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
pioneer in information physics, edited an influential book on "Complexity, Entropy and the Physics of Information", and spearheaded the efforts that finally
Weyl curvature hypothesis (584 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
concept of the entropy content of gravitational fields. Near the initial cosmological singularity (the Big Bang), he proposes, the entropy content of the
Inflation (cosmology) (11,400 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
thermal equilibrium. Their models failed, however, because of the buildup of entropy over several cycles. Misner made the (ultimately incorrect) conjecture
Amino radical (57 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Related Abiogenesis Astrobiology Astrochemistry Atomic and molecular astrophysics Chemical formula Circumstellar envelope Cosmic dust Cosmic ray Cosmochemistry
Outline of physics (3,511 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
agroecosystems Soil physics – study of soil physical properties and processes. Astrophysics – study of the physical aspects of celestial objects Astronomy – studies
Continuum mechanics (7,760 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
interest in this case is the entropy. Thus, we assume that there is an entropy flux, an entropy source, and an internal entropy density per unit mass (
Venus (10,543 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Withers, Paul G.; McKay, Christopher P. (2001). "Titan, Mars and Earth: Entropy Production by Latitudinal Heat Transport" (PDF). Ames Research Center,
Aluminium monochloride (156 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
IRC+10216 - Detection of NaCl, AlCl, and KCl, and tentative detection of AlF". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 183 (1): L10–L12. Bibcode:1987A&A...183L..10C. 
Timeline of gravitational physics and relativity (2,013 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
1972: Jacob Bekenstein proposes that black holes have a non-decreasing entropy which can be identified with the area, 1972: Carter, Hawking and James
Carbon monoxide (6,558 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
process can be driven by heating, exploiting the positive (favorable) entropy of reaction. The Ellingham diagram shows that CO formation is favored over
Objections to evolution (17,808 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
because the enormous increase in entropy due to the Sun and Earth radiating into space dwarfs the local decrease in entropy caused by the existence and evolution
Fluid mechanics (2,995 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
including for mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, geophysics, astrophysics, and biology. Fluid mechanics can be divided into fluid statics, the
Scandium (2,786 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Douglas L. Irvingb & Carl C. Koch "A Novel Low-Density, High-Hardness, High-entropy Alloy with Close-packed Single-phase Nanocrystalline Structures" DOI: 10
Thermodynamic temperature (11,297 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
states. We call this distribution "entropy". To better understand the relationship between temperature and entropy, consider the relationship between
Cosmology (2,038 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
years. also see {{Human timeline}} and {{Life timeline}} Physics and astrophysics have played a central role in shaping the understanding of the universe
Thermodynamic equilibrium (7,237 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
for which some thermodynamic potential is minimized, or for which the entropy (S) is maximized, for specified conditions. One such potential is the Helmholtz
Shell star (599 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(1994). "Maximum-entropy maps of the Be shell star zeta Tauri from optical long-baseline interferometry". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 283: L13. Bibcode:1994A&A
Fractal cosmology (2,105 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
from zero to three at a scale around 55 Mpc/h in the context of a "scale-entropy diffusion equation". It gives a way to estimate the number of galaxies
List of scientific laws named after people (96 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hamilton Charles's law Thermodynamics Jacques Charles Chandrasekhar limit Astrophysics Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Church–Turing thesis Computer science Alonzo
Physics applications of asymptotically safe gravity (976 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
corrections to the Hawking temperature and the corresponding thermodynamical entropy. By means of an RG improvement of the Einstein–Hilbert action, Reuter and
Black-body radiation (8,367 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermal radiation. It is a spontaneous process of radiative distribution of entropy. Conversely all normal matter absorbs electromagnetic radiation to some
Modern physics (527 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Topology · space · time · energy · matter · work randomness · information · entropy · mind light · particle · wave · holon Branches Applied · Experimental ·
Homochirality (2,180 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
to be a form of information storage. One suggestion is that it reduces entropy barriers in the formation of large organized molecules. It has been experimentally
Causal sets (4,740 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(Black hole entropy) D.P. Rideout, S. Zohren, Counting entropy in causal set quantum gravity ; arXiv:gr-qc/0612074v1; (Black hole entropy) D.P. Rideout
Convective overturn (499 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
another wave of energized neutrinos which reenergizes the shock wave. The entropy convection model has matter falling inward from above the shock layer down
Hydrostatics (2,442 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
transporting and using fluids. It is also relevant to geophysics and astrophysics (for example, in understanding plate tectonics and the anomalies of the
Future of an expanding universe (4,431 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
roughly 10101056 years. Over an infinite time there could be a spontaneous entropy decrease, by a Poincaré recurrence or through thermal fluctuations (see
Cosmic microwave background (11,219 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Zeldovich, Y. B. (1972). "A hypothesis, unifying the structure and the entropy of the Universe". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 160
Particle physics (2,613 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Springer. pp. 313–314. ISBN 978-94-007-2463-1.  "Particle Physics and Astrophysics Research". The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics. Retrieved
Stellar structure (2,049 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
nuclear burning is not stable, or the star's core is rapidly collapsing, an entropy term must be added to the energy equation. Star portal Polytrope Scale
Propionitrile (389 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 105.3 J K−1 mol−1 Std molar entropy (So298) 189.33 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 15.5
John von Neumann (13,924 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
at a living room writing-table in a bathrobe." See also: von Neumann entropy, Density matrix, Quantum mutual information, von Neumann measurement scheme
Atomic physics (1,153 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Topology · space · time · energy · matter · work randomness · information · entropy · mind light · particle · wave · holon Branches Applied · Experimental ·
Methylidyne radical (645 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Colourless gas Solubility in water Reacts Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 183.04 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 594
Index of physics articles (T) (2,027 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Temperature dependence of liquid viscosity Temperature measurement Temperature–entropy diagram Temporal paradox Tendex line Tennis racket theorem Tensile stress
List of paradoxes (6,926 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
paradox: In an ideal gas, is entropy an extensive variable? Loschmidt's paradox: Why is there an inevitable increase in entropy when the laws of physics are
Loop quantum gravity (20,105 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
hence, it has no entropy. It appears, then, that one can violate the second law of thermodynamics by dropping an object with nonzero entropy into a black
Max Planck (5,062 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermodynamical formalism as Gibbs without realizing it. Clausius's ideas on entropy occupied a central role in his work. In April 1885 the University of Kiel
Index of physics articles (B) (1,477 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
correction Boltzmann's entropy formula Boltzmann-Matano analysis Boltzmann Medal Boltzmann constant Boltzmann distribution Boltzmann entropy Boltzmann equation
Rossby wave instability in astrophysical discs (1,584 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
S {\displaystyle S} is the specific entropy of the gas, and γ {\displaystyle
GADGET (433 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
simulations written by Volker Springel at the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics. The name is an acronym of "GAlaxies with Dark matter and Gas intEracT"
Sodium iodide (533 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Halite Coordination geometry Octahedral Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 91 J·mol−1·K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −288 kJ·mol−1
Branches of physics (1,472 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
as heat or work. They also postulate the existence of a quantity named entropy, which can be defined for any system. In thermodynamics, interactions between
Calcium hydroxide (1,195 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ewine F., Molecules in Astrophysics: Probes and Processes, International Astronomical Union Symposia. Molecules in Astrophysics: Probes and Processes,
Abhas Mitra (1,797 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
astrophysicist best known for his distinct views on several front-line astrophysics concepts, particularly related to black holes[excessive citations] and
Sulfur monoxide (1,067 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
gas Solubility in water Reacts log P 0.155 Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 221.94 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 5.01
Magnetohydrodynamics (4,279 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
applicable in the absence of shocks or heat conduction as it assumes that the entropy of a fluid element does not change. Ideal MHD is only strictly applicable
List of scientific publications by Albert Einstein (4,065 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
field theory of gravitation that provides the cornerstone for modern astrophysics and cosmology. General relativity is based on the surprising idea that
Sean M. Carroll (1,330 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
and the Universe Itself. Carroll received his PhD in astronomy and astrophysics in 1993 from Harvard University, where his advisor was George B. Field
Gamma-ray burst progenitors (2,796 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
as of 2007. As of 2007, there is almost universal agreement in the astrophysics community that the long-duration bursts are associated with the deaths
Hydrogen cyanide (3,272 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ewine F., Molecules in Astrophysics: Probes and Processes, International Astronomical Union Symposia. Molecules in Astrophysics: Probes and Processes,
Tricarbon (431 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Chemical formula C3 Molar mass 36.03 g·mol−1 Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 237.27 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 820
Age of the universe (3,170 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
of thermodynamics, formalized in the mid-19th century. The concept of entropy dictates that if the universe (or any other closed system) were infinitely
Hydrogen fluoride (1,873 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Molecular shape Linear Dipole moment 1.86 D Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 8.687 J/g K (gas) Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −13.66
Methylene (compound) (1,139 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Colourless gas Solubility in water Reacts Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 193.93 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 386
Conversion of units (1,843 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
information entropy. The multiples of a bit listed above are usually used with this meaning. Other times the bit is used as a measure of information entropy and
List of important publications in physics (12,965 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
application to viscosity and rubber elasticity, and an expression for the entropy gain during the coiling of linear flexible molecules. Guth, Eugene; James
Anthracene (933 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Related Abiogenesis Astrobiology Astrochemistry Atomic and molecular astrophysics Chemical formula Circumstellar envelope Cosmic dust Cosmic ray Cosmochemistry
Ammonia (10,353 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
dissociative recombination of NH4+ and NH2+ molecular ions". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 344: 1027. Bibcode:1999A&A...344.1027V.  van Dishoeck, E. F.; Black
Outline of biophysics (1,067 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
changes in molecule conformation and changes in size, charge or hydration entropy. Microscopy – used in many ways, for example, to enable the use of laser
Acetonitrile (1,517 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 91.69 J K−1 mol−1 Std molar entropy (So298) 149.62 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 40.16–40
Sulfanyl (1,936 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
"Detection of the mercapto radical SH in the solar atmosphere". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 387: L6–L9. Bibcode:2002A&A...387L...6B. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20020364
Weak gravity conjecture (79 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Topology · space · time · energy · matter · work randomness · information · entropy · mind light · particle · wave · holon Branches Applied · Experimental ·
Bernard H. Lavenda (2,196 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
become unstable they make transitions to kinetic branches with lower entropy production than the thermodynamic branch. This result was initially contested
Steven S. Vogt (941 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
planet outside of the Solar System. He is a professor of astronomy and astrophysics at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and is known worldwide for
Potassium cyanide (1,106 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Acidity (pKa) 11.0 Refractive index (nD) 1.410 Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 127.8 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −131
Theory of everything (6,109 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
"Gravitational Wave Astronomy". The Origin of Black Hole Entropy in String Theory. Astrophysics and Space Science Library. 211. p. 95. arXiv:gr-qc/9604051
Sodium cyanide (692 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 70.4 J/mol K Std molar entropy (So298) 115.7 J/mol K Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) -91 kJ/mol
Chronology of the universe (5,608 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
into photons., §IV, §VF. In this case, the universe has reached a high-entropy state consisting of a bath of particles and low-energy radiation. It is
Silane (2,013 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
r(Si-H) = 1.4798 angstroms Dipole moment 0 D Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 204.6 J mol−1 K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 34.31kJ/mol
Acetylene (2,742 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(pKa) 25 Structure Molecular shape Linear Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 201 J·mol−1·K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) +226.88
Carbonyl sulfide (1,233 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 41.5 J/mol K Std molar entropy (So298) 231.5 J/mol K Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) -141.8 kJ/mol
Self-organization (8,570 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
elsewhere in the system (e.g. through consuming the low-entropy energy of a battery and diffusing high-entropy heat). Originally, the term "self-organizing" was
Cyanogen (1,006 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
kg−1 Refractive index (nD) 1.327 (18 °C) Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 241.57 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 309
Hydrogen chloride (2,174 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 0.7981 J K−1 g−1 Std molar entropy (So298) 186.902 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298)  –92
Nitroxyl (428 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 33.88 J K−1 mol−1 Std molar entropy (So298) 220.91 J K−1 mol−1 Except where otherwise noted, data are given
Methane (7,757 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Ewine F., Molecules in Astrophysics: Probes and Processes, International Astronomical Union Symposia. Molecules in Astrophysics: Probes and Processes,
Hydroxyl radical (3,012 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Molecules in the Interstellar Medium". Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics. 5 (1): 183–212. Bibcode:1967ARA&A...5..183R. doi:10.1146/annurev.aa
Planetary migration (2,135 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
locally isothermal disks, outward migration may occur in disks that possess entropy gradients. During the late phase of planetary system formation, massive
Life (12,577 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
control mechanisms that are essential to maintaining life. See also: Entropy and life At a higher level, living beings are thermodynamic systems with
Phosphine (2,663 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Trigonal pyramidal Dipole moment 0.58 D Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 210 J·mol−1·K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 5 kJ·mol−1
Sulfur dioxide (3,890 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Molecular shape Dihedral Dipole moment 1.62 D Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 248.223 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −296
Sodium chloride (2,927 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 36.79 J K−1 mol−1 Std molar entropy (So298) 72.11 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −411
Sodium hydroxide (3,465 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 59.66 J/mol K Std molar entropy (So298) 64 J·mol−1·K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −427 kJ·mol−1
Index of physics articles (J) (1,781 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Torus Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics Joint Institute for Nuclear Research Joint entropy Joint quantum entropy Jolly balance Jon Orloff Jonathan
Index of physics articles (L) (2,111 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Linear dynamical system Linear elasticity Linear energy transfer Linear entropy Linear flow on the torus Linear motion Linear particle accelerator Linear
Paul Steinhardt (6,096 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Science. Steinhardt's research has spanned problems in particle physics, astrophysics, cosmology,. condensed matter physics, geoscience and photonics. In cosmology
Index of physics articles (N) (1,468 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Plasma Dynamics Laboratory Nonequilibrium partition identity Nonextensive entropy Nonholonomic system Nonimaging optics Nonlinear Schrödinger equation Nonlinear
Abiogenesis (27,152 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
imposed generalized chemical potential, i.e., the production of entropy. That is, entropy production is not incidental to the process of life, but rather
Jean-Pierre Petit (4,802 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
magnetohydrodynamics power generation and propulsion as well as topology and astrophysics applied in cosmology. He is a pioneer in magnetohydrodynamics and has
Cornelis Dirk Andriesse (1,058 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Materials 188 (1992) 262-272. The showcase professor (Dutch) Minimum entropy production in photosynthesis (pdf) additional note The end of the Pebble
List of contributors to general relativity (2,412 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
asymptotically flat vacuums, quasilocal mass), Jacob Bekenstein (black hole entropy), Lluis Bel (second ell is not a typo, aka Louis Bel; Bel decomposition
Index of physics articles (M) (2,469 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Maximum bubble pressure method Maximum density Maximum entropy probability distribution Maximum entropy thermodynamics Maximum power transfer theorem Maximum
Gliese 581 g (4,478 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
by principal investigator Steven S. Vogt, professor of astronomy and astrophysics at the University of California, Santa Cruz and co-investigator R. Paul
Electromagnetic radiation (9,248 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
heat, since it has an equivalent temperature and is associated with an entropy change per unit of thermal energy. However, "heat" is a technical term
Magnetospheric eternally collapsing object (1,103 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Physics)"Comments on The Euclidean gravitational action as black hole entropy, singularities, and space-time voids".  A. Mitra, Phys. Rev. D 74, 024010
Naphthalene (3,163 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 165.72 J/mol·K Std molar entropy (So298) 167.39 J/mol·K Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 78.53 kJ/mol
Acetaldehyde (4,134 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
tetrahedral (sp³) at C2 Dipole moment 2.7 D Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 250 J·mol−1·K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −166 kJ·mol−1
Formic acid (2,801 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Related Abiogenesis Astrobiology Astrochemistry Atomic and molecular astrophysics Chemical formula Circumstellar envelope Cosmic dust Cosmic ray Cosmochemistry
Micro black hole (3,051 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thermodynamic description breaks down. Such a mini-black hole would also have an entropy of only 4π nats, approximately the minimum possible value. At this point
Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization (1,447 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
includes open systems, which are characterized by dissipation of energy and entropy production. Pattern forming systems are particularly interesting, and the
Factor analysis (8,315 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Principles of oblique rotation can be derived from both cross entropy and its dual entropy. Communality: The sum of the squared factor loadings for all
Max von Laue (4,266 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
assistant to Planck until 1909. In Berlin, he worked on the application of entropy to radiation fields and on the thermodynamic significance of the coherence
Leticia Corral (1,307 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Research Professor Titular "C" of Higher Education. Currently studying astrophysics, in particular, the mathematics of the Einstein's General Relativity
Magnesium monohydride (3,868 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
properties of the MgH gas include enthalpy of formation of 229.79 kJ mol−1, entropy 193.20 JK−1 mol−1 and heat capacity of 29.59 JK−1 mol−1. The dissociation
Acetone (3,718 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 125.45 J/mol·K Std molar entropy (So298) 200.4 J/mol·K Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −250.03-(−248
Ethylene (4,246 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Molecular shape D2h Dipole moment zero Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 219.32 J·K−1·mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) +52
Anthropic principle (8,393 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
origin, must include the assumption that at the initial singularity, the entropy of the universe was low and therefore extremely improbable. Paul Davies
Index of physics articles (H) (1,812 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Hartree–Fock method Harvard Project Physics Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Harvey Einbinder Harvey Fletcher Hasegawa–Mima equation Hassan Aref Hassan
Carbon dioxide (10,441 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 37.135 J/K mol Std molar entropy (So298) 214 J·mol−1·K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −393.5 kJ·mol−1
Shocks and discontinuities (magnetohydrodynamics) (1,002 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
fast-mode shocks are compressive and are associated with an increase in entropy. Across slow-mode shock, the tangential component of the magnetic field
Equipartition theorem (11,848 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
density of states. By the usual definitions of statistical mechanics, the entropy S equals kB log Σ(E), and the temperature T is defined by
Quantum mechanics (11,333 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
chaos Emergence · Complex systems Black Holes · Holographic principle Astrophysics · Observable universe Big Bang · Cosmology Theories of gravitation ·
Potassium chloride (1,841 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
geometry Octahedral (K+) Octahedral (Cl−) Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 83 J·mol−1·K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −436 kJ·mol−1
Index of physics articles (P) (2,650 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Particle acceleration Particle accelerator Particle aggregation Particle astrophysics Particle beam Particle counter Particle decay Particle detector Particle
Titanium dioxide (5,144 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
(anatase) 2.583 (brookite) 2.609 (rutile) Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 50 J·mol−1·K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −945 kJ·mol−1
Ethylene oxide (9,998 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
J/(mol·K); Standard enthalpy of formation, ΔH°298 = −51.037 kJ/mol; Standard entropy, S°298 = 243.4 J/(mol·K); Gibbs free energy, ΔG°298 = −11.68 kJ/mol; Heat
Physics beyond the Standard Model (4,376 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
PMID 19865083.  Maldacena, J.; Strominger, A.; Witten, E. (1997). "Black hole entropy in M-Theory". Journal of High Energy Physics. 1997 (12): 2. arXiv:hep-th/9711053
Planck's law (16,346 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
hole. Just as the Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution is the unique maximum entropy energy distribution for a gas of material particles at thermal equilibrium
Stephen Hawking in popular culture (5,008 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
authority/because kicking their punk asses be my paramount priority") and "Entropy" ("You down with entropy?") The success of the MC Hawking amongst internet users eventually
Benzene (7,804 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 134.8 J/mol·K Std molar entropy (So298) 173.26 J/mol·K Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 48.7 kJ/mol
Nitric oxide (5,703 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Molecular shape linear (point group C∞v) Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 210.76 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 91.29
Hydrogen sulfide (6,967 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Thermochemistry Specific heat capacity (C) 1.003 J K−1 g−1 Std molar entropy (So298) 206 J mol−1 K−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) −21 kJ
Ozone (10,777 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hybridisation sp2 for O1 Dipole moment 0.53 D Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 238.92 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) 142
Index of physics articles (S) (3,269 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Standard gravitational parameter Standard linear solid model Standard molar entropy Standard ruler Standard solar model Standing wave Stanford E. Woosley Stanford
Creation science (10,619 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
over time through evolution is not possible due to the law of increasing entropy; that it is impossible that the mechanism of natural selection could account
Nitrous oxide (9,644 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
shape linear, C∞v Dipole moment 0.166 D Thermochemistry Std molar entropy (So298) 219.96 J K−1 mol−1 Std enthalpy of formation (ΔfHo298) +82
Navier–Stokes equations (10,026 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
method". Published by Dr. TM Shah; republished by The Smithsonian/NASA Astrophysics Data System. Retrieved 8 January 2013.  Wang, C.Y. (1991), "Exact solutions
History of physics (15,037 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
increasingly likely, increasingly disorganized states (coining the term "entropy" to describe the disorganization of a state). The statistical versus absolute
Subir Sachdev (4,737 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
tabletop experiments), and quantum entanglement near black holes of astrophysics. This connection is most clearly seen by first thinking more carefully
List of Russian scientists (9,517 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
inventor of combinatory logic Yakov Sinai, developed the Kolmogorov–Sinai entropy and Sinai billiard, Wolf Prize and Abel Prize winner Eugen Slutsky, statistician
BKL singularity (14,367 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
σ are the densities of energy and entropy of matter. For the ultrarelativistic equation of state p = ε/3 the entropy σ ~ ε1/4. The major terms in eq. 17
List of Russian people (22,236 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
inventor of combinatory logic Yakov Sinai, developed the Kolmogorov–Sinai entropy and Sinai billiard, Wolf and Abel Prize winner Stanislav Smirnov, prominent
Taylor's law (13,462 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
that suggested that Fronczak and Fronczak had possibly provided a maximum entropy derivation of these distributions. The law itself is named after the ecologist