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searching for Disparate impact 87 found (132 total)

alternate case: disparate impact

Watson v. Fort Worth Bank & Trust (1,105 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article

person's race, color, religion, sex, or national origin) rather than disparate impact analysis (which involves the question whether an employer has engaged
R v Secretary of State for Employment, ex p Seymour-Smith (2,191 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
European Court of Justice that a two-year qualifying period had a disparate impact on women given that significantly fewer women worked long enough to
Discrimination in awarding Section 8 housing (1,999 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
experience substantial difficulties obtaining housing. A noticeable "disparate impact" within the Section 8 Housing Voucher Program has been noted by Rotem
Washington v. Davis (970 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
examined whether Test 21 had a discriminatory effect. After applying the disparate impact analysis, it held that Test 21 did not have a discriminatory effect
Griggs v. Duke Power Co. (1,838 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Davis test for disparate impact is used in constitutional equal protection clause cases, while Title VII's prohibition on disparate impact is a statutory
Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama v. Garrett (1,889 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
for violating the part of the ADA law banning policies that have a disparate impact on the disabled. Even in cases of racial discrimination in which the
Marino v. Ortiz (618 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Education Fund) alleging that a police sergeant's examination had a disparate impact because the percentage of African Americans and Hispanics that passed
Iwan Baan (978 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
St. and darkness below that line—illustrating vividly the storm's disparate impact. It was later turned into a limited edition print sold to benefit Sandy's
Texas Department of Community Affairs v. Burdine (716 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
increased incentive for plaintiffs to allege discrimination under the disparate impact theory where the employer's intent is not at issue. List of United
Ehsan Zaffar (617 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
studies issues related to inequality and equity, and most recently the disparate impact of national and homeland security laws and policies on protected classes
United Kingdom employment equality law (4,399 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
policy to their workplace that affects everyone equally, but it has a disparate impact on a greater proportion of people of one group with a protected characteristic
Village of Arlington Heights v. Metropolitan Housing Development Corp. (812 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
prove improper intent, a disparate impact, and causation in-fact (i.e. that the improper intent is the cause of the disparate impact). If causation in-fact
Mortgage discrimination (2,279 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
differently based on one of the prohibited factors; and evidence of "disparate impact", when a lender applies a practice uniformly to all applicants but
Allonby v Accrington and Rossendale College (1,267 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in financial trouble, and therefore objective justification of the disparate impact on women and no discrimination. The Court of Appeal referred to the
Intelligence and public policy (3,281 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
groups in favor of others, a phenomenon called "adverse impact" or "disparate impact" in employment law. (In contrast, "disparate treatment" refers to deliberate
School discipline (3,555 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
on Civil Rights released a report entitled "School Discipline and Disparate Impact," which was somewhat critical of the Department of Education's approach
Jones v University of Manchester (314 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
entitled to find the age requirement discriminatory so long as proof of disparate impact was shown. However, the correct pool for comparison was all male and
List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 576 (130 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc. 13-1371 June 25, 2015 "Disparate-impact claims are cognizable under the Fair Housing Act." Johnson v. United
Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory (1,001 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
policies that appear reasonable and neutral but nevertheless have a disparate impact on older workers are discriminatory in practice. In the majority opinion
Cannon v. University of Chicago (696 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
applicants over 35. Cannon was 39 years old at the time. The policy had a disparate impact on women. The plaintiff appealed, contending that Congress acted in
Employment discrimination law in the United States (4,624 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
identified by the EEOC as having a disparate impact on national origin minorities. However, when defending against a disparate impact claim that alleges age discrimination
Net bias (6,610 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
that of disparate impact. If a discrimination case is brought against your company, the plaintiff would have to show evidence of disparate impact. In 2005
Center for Equal Opportunity (373 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
policies that are 50 years old and hinder school effectiveness, usage of disparate impact laws that damage neutral policies and practices, and the issue of reparations
Raj Chetty (1,038 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
achievements and that the current dismissal and seniority statutes have disparate impact on minority and low-income students. Chetty is also known for research
Ronald A. Lindsay (1,159 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Lindsay, Ronald A. (2002). "Should We Impose Quotas? Evaluating the "Disparate Impact" Argument Against Legalization of Assisted Suicide". The Journal of
Konsumentombudsmannen v Gourmet AB (891 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
in wine sales, mostly imports, so the ad ban could not be having a disparate impact in fact on importers. AG Jacobs highlighted that Swedish producers
Gender and development (11,287 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
implements a feminist approach to understanding and addressing the disparate impact that economic development and globalization have on people based upon
Equality Act 2006 (777 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
being alleged that the government failed to "have due regard" to the disparate impact of its budget on women. The following orders have been made under this
William Orrick III (1,779 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
.. a law is not unconstitutional simply because it has a racially disparate impact." Orrick's dismissal of the case was affirmed on appeal. In 2015, Orrick
Racial discrimination (3,998 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
characteristic, such as skin, eye or hair color, and certain facial features; Disparate Impact: Although an employer may not intend to discriminate based on racial
List of United States Supreme Court cases by the Rehnquist Court (68 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Packing Co. v. Atonio 490 U.S. 642 (1989) standard of evidence for disparate impact employment discrimination cases Hernandez v. Commissioner 490 U.S.
Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (1,513 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
get tested. Some legal scholars have called for the addition of a "disparate impact" theory of action to strengthen GINA as a law. In 2017, HR 1313 was
Hayden v. County of Nassau (484 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
racial and gender representation. . . . . [T]he intent to remedy the disparate impact of the prior exams is not equivalent to an intent to discriminate against
Omar Ashmawy (190 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Post. Retrieved 14 December 2017. Goldmacher, Shane (3 March 2012). "Disparate Impact: Black Lawmakers and Ethics Investigations". The Atlantic. Retrieved
Filipinos in Alaska (1,906 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
representation within higher and lower paying jobs were insufficient to prove disparate impact. Despite centuries of Filipino presence in Alaska, an Alaskero named
Credit score (4,771 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
insurance Archived 11 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine "No Evidence of Disparate Impact in Texas Due to Use of Credit Information by Personal Lines Insurers
Chicago Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law (3,084 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
compared to the 65 cutoff score that had previously been stated, had a disparate impact to discriminate against African Americans, since 78% of candidates
William Rehnquist (11,267 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
sue for discrimination based on race or national origin involving a disparate impact under title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, in Alexander v. Sandoval
Vanita Gupta (1,224 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
excessive force and enforcement strategies that produce an unjustified disparate impact on African-American residents. "Obama to nominate ACLU lawyer to lead
Background check (4,097 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
or national origin, as analyzed under the disparate treatment and disparate impact frameworks. There are several types of criminal record searches available
North Hudson, New Jersey (3,527 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
North Bergen, Weehawken, West New York, Guttenberg and Union City... "Disparate Impact Case Turns On Battle Of The Experts". Workplace Class Action Blog.
Dorsey v. United States (759 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
100-to-1 crack-to-powder ratio under the prior law as having a racially disparate impact, only intentional discrimination may violate the equal protection component
Graphology (4,357 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Anwendungen, 31: 3–116 Johnston, Dianna B. (28 February 2001), Title VII: Disparate Impact, Handwriting Analysis, U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
McCleskey v. Kemp (1,685 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
common mechanism was either identified or likely to explain a racially disparate impact. Without a plausible basis for inferring that a racially disparate
Fairness (machine learning) (5,362 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article
Rodríguez; Krishna P. Gummadi, Fairness Beyond Disparate Treatment & Disparate Impact: Learning Classification without Disparate Mistreatment. Retrieved
2004 term United States Supreme Court opinions of Antonin Scalia (71 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
he "would find it a basis, not for independent determination of the disparate-impact question, but for deferral to the reasonable views of the Equal Employment
Ben Konop (2,140 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
highlighting his union members' concerns regarding pay equity and disparate impact affecting minorities, women, and employees over 40. In his testimony
Personnel Administrator of Massachusetts v. Feeney (827 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Fourteenth Amendment." He also recognized that "when a neutral law has a disparate impact upon a group that has historically been the victim of discrimination
Center for Policy and Research (1,672 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
the state of New Jersey to determine whether or not they impose a disparate impact on minorities. The Center published a report which exposed the unreviewable
Credit score in the United States (3,547 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Congress by the Federal Trade Commission July 2007 No evidence of disparate impact in Texas due to use of credit information by personal lines insurers
Young v. United Parcel Service (1,662 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
stating that the majority interpreted the Act in a way that conflates "disparate impact" with "disparate treatment" and would result in confusion in litigating
EBay Inc. v. MercExchange, L.L.C. (1,610 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Jeremiah S. (2006). "Why Pharmaceutical Firms Support Patent Trolls: The Disparate Impact of eBay v. MercExchange on Innovation" (PDF). Mich. Telecomm. Tech
Statistical proof (2,159 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Statistical Proof in Title VII Litigation: In Search of a Coherent Disparate Impact Model". University of Pennsylvania Law Review. 139 (2): 455–503. doi:10
Raymond Kethledge (4,540 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Kaplan's policy of running credit checks on job applicants had a "disparate impact" on African American applicants. To support its claim, the EEOC hired
Kimel v. Florida Board of Regents (1,075 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Employment Act of 1967 (the ADEA) because failure to adjust pay had a disparate impact on older employees. Wellington Dickson sued his employer, the Florida
L'Enfant Plaza–Coast Guard Limited Line (1,128 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
customer survey, and a public hearing. Eliminating Route W9 has no Disparate Impact or Disproportionate Burden and thus complies with the requirements
Racial profiling (10,294 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
(2009-01-30). "Search and Seizure, Racial Profiling, and Traffic Stops: A Disparate Impact Framework". Law & Policy. 31 (1): 1–30. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9930.2008
Birds Point-New Madrid Floodway (1,985 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
litigation (Missouri v. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers), because of the disparate impact of the action upon affected Missouri residents and property owners
Voting Rights Act of 1965 (15,179 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
local elections may violate Section 2 if the system has a racially disparate impact in light of the Senate Factors. Starting in 2013, lower federal courts
Racism in the United States (25,557 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1997 claiming that automated passenger screenings would not have a "disparate impact on any group of passengers." The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination
Paycheck Fairness Act (2,996 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
would satisfy its legitimate business interest without resulting in a disparate impact. This standard is familiar to employers and courts, as it has been
Algorithmic bias (10,146 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
set out to examine “Risk, Race, & Recidivism: Predictive Bias and Disparate Impact” alleges a two-fold (45 percent vs. 23 percent) adverse likelihood
Institutional Revolutionary Party (13,638 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Labastida lost that election. The improvement of the economy had a disparate impact in different social sectors and discontent started growing within the
United States v. Thirty-seven Photographs (4,574 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
inapplicable to the case, since ruling otherwise would have an economically disparate impact: "The First Amendment cannot be construed to permit those who have
Discrimination based on skin color (14,689 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
minority turnout whereas two studies found no significant impact. Disparate impact may also be reflected in access to information about voter ID laws
2019 Austrian legislative election (6,816 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
reconciled and pursued through compromise, with due consideration of their disparate impact on different income strata in the population, and ameliorative policy
Sonia Sotomayor (17,463 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
start over with a new test, because the City believed the test had a "disparate impact" on minority firefighters. (No black firefighters qualified for promotion
Brown v. City of Oneonta (1,002 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
did not violate the constitution, although it may prove to have a "disparate impact on small minority groups." The ruling asserted the actions represented
Job interview (21,855 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of individuals protected under Title VII which is a disparate impact liability. Disparate impact is defined as unintentional discrimination. Some states
Gerald Heaney (2,949 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Heaney found that the City's actions violated the Act because of its disparate impact on the ability of minority group residents of St. Louis to relocate
Reva Siegel (1,922 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
Lecture: Race-Conscious, But Race-Neutral? The Constitutionality of Disparate Impact in the Roberts Court, 66 ALA. L. REV. (2015) Harris Lecture: Abortion
Givhan v. Western Line Consolidated School District (5,935 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Holding Teacher's private complaints to principal regarding racially disparate impact of school district policy, however intemperately expressed, were protected
Environmental justice (14,343 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
University Press. Worsham, Julia B. Latham (September 15, 2009). "DISPARATE IMPACT LAWSUITS UNDER TITLE VI, SECTION 602: CAN A LEGAL TOOL BUILD ENVIRONMENTAL
Race in the United States criminal justice system (10,574 words) [view diff] case mismatch in snippet view article find links to article
LOWENKAMP, C. T. (2016), RISK, RACE, AND RECIDIVISM: PREDICTIVE BIAS AND DISPARATE IMPACT. Criminology, 54: 680-712. doi:10.1111/1745-9125.12123 Hartney, Vuong
Racial Culture: A Critique (2,244 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
discrimination, and indirectly by scrutinizing policies that have a disparate impact on the groups that the statue protects from discrimination" (Ford,
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (4,906 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Convention, it will look to see whether that action has an unjustifiable disparate impact upon a group distinguished by race, colour, descent, or national or
Mt. Healthy City School District Board of Education v. Doyle (6,969 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
regular and vehement complaints to her principal about the racially disparate impact of school-district policies in the wake of court-ordered desegregation
United Kingdom labour law (38,450 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
when employers apply a neutral rule to all workers, but this has "disparate impact" on people with a particular protected characteristic, and the rule
Shelby County v. Holder (7,750 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
scientist Ariel White, there is evidence that voter ID laws have a disparate impact on minority voting whereas there is little evidence that voter-ID laws
Corporate litigation in the United Kingdom (1,870 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
applying in a formally equal way to all shareholders, has a negative and disparate impact on only one shareholder. This was so in Greenhalgh v Arderne Cinemas
United Kingdom company law (21,184 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
applying in a formally equal way to all shareholders, has a negative and disparate impact on only one shareholder. This was so in Greenhalgh v Arderne Cinemas
Equal Pay Act and Prior Salary (1,261 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
extending the Equal Pay Act from the disparate treatment context to disparate impact. The 8th Circuit follows similar analysis to the 7th Circuit. In the
Voter suppression in the United States (10,901 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
laws in South Carolina reduced overall turnout but did not have a disparate impact. 2019 studies in Political Science Quarterly and the Atlantic Economic
Immigrant health care in the United States (9,034 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
and labor market, this rise in the immigrant population has had a disparate impact on the United States' health care system and its surrounding dialogue
List of United Kingdom Supreme Court cases (939 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
discrimination, and claimants need not prove why if there is in fact a disparate impact. Isle of Wight Council v Platt [2017] UKSC 28 6 April Revenue and Customs
Furthering Asbestos Claims Transparency (FACT) Act of 2015 (3,967 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
strong opposition to this "legislation due to its detrimental and disparate impact on men and women in uniform." They explained the FACT Act of 2015 "would
Women in law enforcement in the United States (4,908 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
descriptions include only essential expectations, drawing upon a "disparate impact" model. This opened up the door for suits against police departments