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alternate case: crowding out (biology)

Crowding out (economics) (2,448 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article

In economics, crowding out is argued by some economists to be a phenomenon that occurs when increased government involvement in a sector of the market
Political censorship (825 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
or falsify information that its citizens receive by suppressing or crowding out political news that the public might receive through news outlets. In
Deficit spending (2,873 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
to attain other goals. Main article: Crowding out (economics) Usually when economists use the term "crowding out" they are referring to the government
Automobiles Martini (228 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
driving for famed French team Oreca. With Reynard, Ralt and Dallara crowding out the F3 market in the late 1980s, Martini reduced their customer program
Motivation crowding theory (492 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
violations with a more psychologically acceptable cost. Tangible incentives crowding out intrinsic motivation is known as the overjustification effect. Similarly
Fiscal policy (1,541 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
emphasize crowding out while Keynesians argue that fiscal policy can still be effective especially in a liquidity trap where, they argue, crowding out is minimal
St. Augustine Grass (566 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
medium- to high-maintenance grass that forms a thick, carpetlike sod, crowding out most weeds and other grasses. St. Augustine is a dark green grass
Government budget balance (3,199 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Empirical evidence on Ricardian equivalence effects has been mixed. The crowding-out hypothesis is the assumption that when a government experiences a deficit
Dipsacus (817 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
in the United States. It is known to form a monoculture, capable of crowding out all native plant species, and therefore is discouraged and/or eliminated
Florida black wolf (334 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
that lived in Florida. This subspecies became extinct in 1908 due to crowding out of its habitat and hunting. It was once thought of as a subspecies of
Government failure (1,700 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Supply-side failures largely result from principal–agent problem. Crowding out is the displacement of private sector investment by way of higher interest
Macroeconomics (4,745 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
by crowding out. When government takes on spending projects, it limits the amount of resources available for the private sector to use. Crowding out occurs
Organizational dissent (3,190 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
that can undermine their efforts (Roberto, 2005). Leaders should avoid crowding out opportunities to respond or discuss policies. Overloading an agenda can
Bruno Frey (2,385 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
federalism (Functional, Overlapping, Competing Jurisdictions, FOCJ); c) crowding-out and intrinsic motivation; d) orders and awards. In this area, Bruno
Fiscal multiplier (3,857 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
investment or consumer spending that would have otherwise taken place. This crowding out can occur because the initial increase in spending may cause an increase
San Elijo Lagoon (1,027 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
plants for food and protection. Invasive plants upset the ecosystem by crowding out and out-competing native vegetation. The invasive plants are removed
Outline of finance (2,541 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
interest rate Nominal interest rate Interest rate basis Fisher equation Crowding out Annual percentage rate Interest coverage ratio Investment Foreign direct
Tuctoria mucronata (293 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
hydrology of the Central Valley. Invasive plants have also played a role in crowding out more delicate native grasses, such as Solano grass, Greene's tuctoria
Spartina patens (700 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
of Oregon with shipments of oysters and has been seen dominating and crowding out native vegetation there. It has appeared in marshes on the Iberian Peninsula
Comic Book: The Movie (380 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
were unscripted, for a realistic look. The film also was critical of "crowding out" in voice acting where celebrities have been cast to voice part instead
Rural Cemetery Act (1,301 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
enactment came during an era when a burgeoning urban population was crowding out Manhattan churchyards traditionally used for burials and the concept
Javan rhinoceros (4,773 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
eradication programme for the arenga palm, which was blanketing the park and crowding out the rhinos' food sources. The banteng cattle also compete with the rhinos
Golden Rule (fiscal policy) (685 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
increase in government borrowing raises the real interest rate consequently crowding out (reducing) investment because a higher rate of return is required for
AP Macroeconomics (671 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
A. Aggregate demand Determinants of aggregate demand Multiplier and crowding-out effects B. Aggregate supply Short-run and long-run analyses Sticky versus
Liquidity trap (1,071 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
shift from IS to IS") leads to a higher level of output with no change in interest rates: Since interest rates are unchanged, there is no crowding out.
Final Fantasy XII (9,193 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
during an age when "magic was commonplace" and "airships plied the skies, crowding out the heavens". At this time, magicite, a magic-rich mineral, is commonly
Twin deficits hypothesis (769 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
this last equation implies that either investment (I) must fall (see crowding out), or net exports (NX) must fall, causing a trade deficit. Hence, the
Balance of payments of Australia (578 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
requirements by borrowing from the domestic sector. Economists refer to the ‘crowding out effect’ to explain this economic situation. When governments borrow from
Cynanchum louiseae (1,231 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
can completely replace a field of native goldenrod.[citation needed] Crowding out other species results in a reduced habitat for wildlife, which may become
Grayson L. Kirk (754 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
funds, during which time community resentment over the University's crowding out its poorer neighbors festered. When construction began in February, 1968
Roy Harrod (1,103 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
on interest rates. This last point discredits the mainstream views on crowding out and makes Harrod an early progenitor of the Modern Monetary Theory school
Upper division college (904 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
began to move away from the upper-division model. Despite concerns of crowding out of community colleges, it was felt that offering only the upper-level
Acaena (365 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the United Kingdom, where it is often abundant on coastal sand dunes, crowding out native vegetation and creating an often painful nuisance with the barbed
Sanjay Jain (470 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Theory. Here is selected list of his publications. Symbiosis versus Crowding-out: The Interaction of Formal and Informal Credit Markets in Developing
Dry lake (1,503 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
significant threat to playas and their associated rare species, capable of crowding out natives and draining a playa's standing water because of root growth
Meg McGuffin (1,488 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
"entertainer" and that the GOP should be "absolutely terrified" that he was crowding out more qualified candidates. Her personal platform is "Healthy is the New
Concordia High School (Edmonton) (444 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
into a full-fledged university college on the same campus, gradually crowding out the original high school program. Many students as a matter of course
Economic interventionism (2,525 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
during the next decade. American School (economics) Austrian School Crowding out Dirigisme Indicative planning Keynesian economics Fiscal policy Mixed
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (10,441 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
never negative. Decreases in GDP in 2014 and beyond are accounted for by crowding out, where government debt absorbs finances that would otherwise go toward
Neo-Keynesian economics (1,584 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
and demand equilibrium. But unlike the Keynesians, they argued that "crowding out" effects would hobble or deprive fiscal policy of its positive effect
Morning glory (1,118 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
thickets. They can quickly spread by way of long, creeping stems. By crowding out, blanketing and smothering other plants, morning glory has turned into
Hong Kong (TV series) (601 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
1960-61. Today it is a cityscape of high-rise dwellings and skyscrapers crowding out what had been a magnificent natural scene. Hong Kong was loosely based
Austerity (6,450 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
tax raised in equal amounts. Further information: Crowding out (economics) The term "crowding out" refers to the extent to which an increase in the budget
Canberra Indian Myna Action Group (233 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
had become the third most prevalent bird species, competing with and crowding out other native birds. In November 2013 the action group won the 2014 Keep
Lantana camara (2,641 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
areas or secondary forests it can become the dominant understorey shrub, crowding out other native species and reducing biodiversity. The formation of dense
Rhododendron ponticum (814 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
highlands of Scotland and in Wales, and on heathlands in southern England, crowding out the native flora. Clearance strategies have been developed, including
Joseph Oladele Sanusi (928 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
borrowing from the CBN was causing inflation and exchange rate problems, crowding out private borrowers and thus damping growth. He recommended greater use
Economics (18,030 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
additional economic activity. The effects of fiscal policy can be limited by crowding out. When there is no output gap, the economy is producing at full capacity
Soma cube (955 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
extrinsic motivation establishing the social psychological theory of crowding out. In each of the 240 solutions to the cube puzzle, there is only one place
Retail concentration (1,176 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
poorer farmers, in particular in the LDC (Less Developed Countries). The "crowding out" effect on local agricultures it is basically due to the global sourcing
Cynodon dactylon (926 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
selected for different turf requirements. It is also highly aggressive, crowding out most other grasses and invading other habitats, and has become a hard-to-eradicate
IS–LM model (2,971 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
less) than the lost private investment might have. The extent of any crowding out depends on the shape of the LM curve. A shift in the IS curve along a
2007 RCTV protests (3,005 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
  * Corrales, Javier and Michael Penfold (May 6, 2007). "Venezuela: Crowding out the opposition". Petroleum World. Retrieved 2007-05-27.  * Thorpe, Jacqueline
Finance in Morocco (1,149 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
expense of riskier, but more productive private sector lending. This crowdingout of private sector investment reduces the profitability and growth incentives
Jiuduansha (774 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
the cordgrass has been found to have become invasive, aggressively crowding out the native reeds and bulrushes and degrading parts of the wetlands. A
Michael Lyons (BBC chairman) (722 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
for the part-time role had made him anxious which in turn had been "crowding out" other demands on his own time. He was succeeded in May 2011 by Lord
Poor White (2,329 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
considerably hindered progress of whites who did not own slaves by exerting a crowding-out effect eliminating free labor in the region. This effect, compounded
Third generation of video game consoles (2,586 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
abbreviated the Famicom) became very popular in Japan during this era, crowding out the other consoles in this generation. The Famicom's Western counterpart
Federation of Expellees (2,081 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
reasons for expulsions" and called the document "example of German art of crowding out the truth (...) The fact that the charter completely ignores the reasons
Keynesian economics (7,067 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
non-accelerating inflation rate of unemployment (NAIRU). In that case, crowding out is minimal. Further, private investment can be "crowded in": Fiscal stimulus
Demand-led growth (558 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
can raise spending to stimulate demand without having to worry about crowding out private investment this is because there is spare capacity, and government
Clark Warburton (1,114 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
1945, Warburton was a critic of Keynesian theory when the latter was "crowding out interest in money." He made his case in a series of papers, most of them
State Children's Health Insurance Program (4,054 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
briefing paper by libertarian think-tank Cato Institute estimated the "crowding out" of private insurers by the public program could be as much as 60%.
Gulf Cooperation Council (3,907 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
poor human rights records. Recovery plans have been criticized for crowding out the private sector, failing to set clear priorities for growth, failing
Media bias (7,818 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Concision bias, a tenders to report views that can be summarized succinctly, crowding out more unconventional views that take time to explain. Other forms of bias
John E. Floyd (631 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
May 1972, (with J. Allan Hynes). "Deficit Finance and 'First Round' Crowding Out: A Clarification," Canadian Journal of Economics, February 1978 (with
Workers' compensation (4,902 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
a handful have state-owned monopolies. To keep the state funds from crowding out private insurers, they are generally required to act as assigned-risk
Resource curse (4,503 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
skilled personnel. Another possible effect of the resource curse is the crowding out of human capital; countries that rely on natural resource exports may
Carduus pycnocephalus (692 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
with a relatively high pH (> 6.5). Italian thistle can grow densely, crowding out other vegetation with dense rosette 'colonies' in the winter, thereby
Environmental issues with coral reefs (5,089 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
eutrophication, upsetting the balance of the reef by enhancing algal growth and crowding out corals. This nutrient–rich water can enable blooms of fleshy algae and
Supply-side economics (6,851 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
currency of the nation running the high budget deficit, and eventual "crowding out" of private investment. According to Mundell, "Fiscal discipline is a
Pom pom (album) (1,216 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
music made by someone who feels pop music is beneath him, deliberately crowding out his obvious abilities with stupid voices and noises." Kitty Empire of
Caulerpa taxifolia (1,532 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
developed that the plant threatened to alter the entire ecosystem by crowding out native seaweed while being inedible to animals. It is thought that the
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (4,187 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
invasive, noxious and non-native weed species and prevent them from crowding out native species, and also to control many poisonous weeds such as poison
List of common weeds of Queensland (315 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
invasive, evergreen tree forming dense stands in gullies and streams, crowding out native vegetation Class 3 SE Qld and gardens Alligator Weed* Alternanthera
World Social Forum (4,497 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
particular was criticized as a "NGO fair" because of how many NGOs attended, crowding out less formal groups of activists. Also, it has been alleged that at the
Chapman Field (Miami) (994 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Fairchild was visiting Miami and realized that the land boom in progress was crowding out the two gardens. He heard that there was an Army air corps training field
Overjustification effect (3,099 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
1037/0022-3514.39.3.368.  Mellstrom, Carl; Magnus Johannesson (2008). "Crowding out in blood donation: Was Titmuss right?". Journal of the European Economic
Foundations of Economic Analysis (1,763 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
long-run effects on capital accumulation (seriously reconsidered later as crowding out) declines in age-specific mortality affect the net reproductive rate
Milestones (book) (4,040 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
It is a "complete" way of life based on "submission to God alone," crowding out anything non-Islamic. Its rules range from "belief" to "administration
Leicestershire and Rutland Wildlife Trust (2,805 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Management of the site is aimed at preventing dominant grasses and scrub from crowding out grassland plants, such as common spotted orchids, perforate St John's
Leslie Labowitz-Starus (698 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Los Angeles Times.  "New Crop of Growers Sprouts as Southland Keeps Crowding Out Traditional Agriculture : URBAN FARMING". Los Angeles Times.  "Myths
Environmental impact of pesticides (5,456 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
agriculture, necessarily has environmental impacts. These range from simple crowding out of wild plants in favor of more desirable cultivars to larger scale impacts
Cast Courts (Victoria and Albert Museum) (2,244 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
critical of the inclusion of Trajan's Column which had the 'effect of crowding out of sight those (casts) of more sensible proportions' — a criticism that
Agriculture in Iran (6,194 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
categories including agricultural products. This, in turn, results in crowding out domestic production and damage to the agriculture sector. After the oil
Lake Erie (14,724 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
and scientists worry that they may unravel the "aquatic food web" by crowding out other species. There was concern in 2007 that snakehead fish could
Expansionary fiscal contraction (670 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
that reducing government expenditures as a percent of GDP will lessen crowding out, making "room for the private sector to expand" which only operates when
History of El Salvador (1931–79) (7,396 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
or greater extent. Food supplies, dependent on imports because of the crowding out of subsistence cultivation by coffee production, likewise fell sharply
William Evans-Gordon (7,538 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
there was an increase in pauperism in the East End of London due to the crowding out of English labour in foreign immigrants. In July 1894 Lord Rosebery
History of military technology (4,832 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
funding. Rather, such funding is significant only in the context of ‘crowding out’ other economic forces. Hounshell, David A. "Epilogue: Rethinking the
Energy storage (8,415 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
dominant form of energy storage for electricity generation. Natural gas is crowding out other forms, such as oil and coal. Main article: Ice storage air conditioning
Howard the Duck (9,537 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
theoretical physicist Brent Wilcox, they prevent other universes from crowding out Earth-616. By this point, Beverly is working as a rent-a-ninja. Howard
The Islamist (3,720 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
prayers that call for that destruction." Husain also feels politics are crowding out his "relationship with God", and sees the same in other activists. In
RCTV (9,122 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
  * Corrales, Javier and Michael Penfold (May 6, 2007). "Venezuela: Crowding out the opposition". Petroleum World. Retrieved 2007-05-27.  * Thorpe, Jacqueline
Economy of Morocco (11,830 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
expense of riskier, but more productive private sector lending. This crowdingout of private sector investment reduces the profitability and growth incentives
Hoarding: Buried Alive (696 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
California, and Michelle, of Southern Virginia their possessions are crowding out the people they love most. If they don't change their behavior soon,
Criticism of Islamism (13,836 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
ut-Tahrir), wrote in his book The Islamist that he felt politics was crowding out his "relationship with God", and saw the same in other HT activists.
History of Los Angeles (17,623 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
was reported on the front pages of newspapers all over the world, even crowding out reports of the terrible Chicago fire that had taken place two weeks earlier
Francesco Parisi (732 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Competition Law and Economics 1-15 (2007) (with Giuseppe Dari-Mattiacci) Crowding-Out in Productive and Redistributive Rent-Seeking, 133 Public Choice 199-229
Panicos O. Demetriades (908 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
and economic development. His work on public capital contradicts the ‘crowding out’ argument often used by mainstream economists to justify cuts in public
Land grabbing (7,466 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
production crowded out supply of traditional food crops worldwide. By crowding out food crops and forcing conversion of existing food-producing land to
Defaunation (2,547 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
an area becomes defaunated, dominant small-bodied species take over, crowding out other similar species and leading to an overall reduced species diversity
Elite advertisement in Nigeria (1,018 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
talk shops, group gatherings, and in front pages of the media; further crowding out space for discussions about practical non-elite involved issues that
Robert Sarvis (4,912 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
inexorably to future state-level spending increases and tax increases and the crowding out of other spending priorities." In addition, Sarvis wants to end various
Relational goods (2,675 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
generate the same proportional increase in wealth. Easterlin theorized that crowding out concept, where pursuit of increased wealth has a negative effect on non-material
Human rights in the United States (21,081 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Exclusion Act of 1882 all but banned Chinese immigrants, who were accused of crowding out American workers. The federal government has set up a data collection
Agriculture on the prehistoric Great Plains (2,223 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
mounds. The large squash leaves shaded the soil, preserving moisture and crowding out weeds. The beans fixed nitrogen in the soil and climbed up the corn stalks
Tobin tax (14,253 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
studies have concluded that a transaction tax could reduce volatility by crowding out speculators or eliminating individual 'noise traders' but that it 'would
Mexican art (13,979 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
facilities were taken over by Hollywood production companies in the 1980s, crowding out local production. The quality of films was so diminished that for some
Graceland Cemetery (Washington, D.C.) (5,292 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
"Graceland Restrained". The Evening Star. August 27, 1895. p. 1.  "Crowding Out Cemeteries". The Washington Post. February 10, 1893. p. 3.  "Real Estate
Economic history of Portugal (20,363 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
public sector deficit (including that of the public enterprises) had a crowding-out effect on private investment. The nationalized banks were obliged by
Economic history of the United States (27,124 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
order to add money to it. However, most economists do not think such "crowding out" is an issue when interest rates are near zero and the economy is stagnant
View From Nowhere (1,437 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
journalism grant more access to the bad journalists responsible, thus crowding out legitimate journalists, leading to a disinformed public, and bad public