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Longer titles found: Baal Shem Tov (view), Baal Shem Tov family tree (view), Baal Shem of London (view), Yoel Baal Shem (view), Eliyahu Baal Shem of Worms (view), Eliyahu Baal Shem (view), Adam Baal Shem (view)

searching for Baal Shem 95 found (393 total)

alternate case: baal Shem

Keter Shem Tov (228 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article

Name") was the first published work of the teachings of Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov, the founder of Hasidism. The book was published in Zalkevo, 1794
Aaron Teitelbaum (993 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
‹ The template Infobox Jewish leader is being considered for merging. › Aaron Teitelbaum (born 20 October 1947) is one of the two Grand Rebbes of Satmar
Mordechai Dovid Unger (204 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
‹ The template Infobox rebbe is being considered for merging. › Mordechai Dovid Unger (Hebrew: הרב מרדכי דוד אונגער‎) is the first Rebbe of Bobov-45. Unger
Shlomo Halberstam (third Bobover rebbe) (304 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
‹ The template Infobox rebbe is being considered for merging. › Shlomo Halberstam (1907 - August 2, 2000) (Hebrew: רבי שלמה האַלבּערשטאַם‎), was the third
Naftali Halberstam (335 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
‹ The template Infobox rebbe is being considered for merging. › Naftali Tzvi Halberstam (Hebrew: ר' נפתלי צבי הלברשטאם‎) (1931-2005) was the Grand Rebbe
Ben Zion Aryeh Leibish Halberstam (308 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
‹ The template Infobox rebbe is being considered for merging. › Ben Zion Aryeh Leibish Halberstam (Hebrew: בן ציון אריה לייבוש הלברשטאם‎) is the current
Zalman Teitelbaum (670 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Yekusiel Yehuda III Teitelbaum, known by the Yiddish colloquial name Zalman Leib (born 23 December 1951; Hebrew: יקותיאל יהודה טייטלבוים, Yiddish: זלמן
Aaron Twersky of Chernobyl (200 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
‹ The template Infobox rebbe is being considered for merging. › Aaron Twersky of Chernobyl (1784–1871) was a Ukrainian rabbi. He succeeded his father Rabbi
Yakov Yosef Twersky (272 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
‹ The template Infobox rebbe is being considered for merging. › Rabbi Yakov Yosef Twersky (June 23, 1899 – March 31, 1968) was the Grand Rabbi and spiritual
Aaron Twerski (571 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Aaron D. Twerski (born May 1939) is an American lawyer and professor. He is the Irwin and Jill Cohen Professor of Law at Brooklyn Law School, as well as
Yehoshua Rokeach of Machnovka (348 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
‹ The template Infobox rebbe is being considered for merging. › Grand Rabbi Yehoshua Rokeach (born 1949), current Machnovka Rebbe of Bnei Brak is a great-nephew
Moshe Teitelbaum (Satmar) (1,796 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
Moshe (Moses) Teitelbaum (November 1, 1914 – April 24, 2006) was a Hasidic rebbe and the world leader of the Satmar Hasidim. Moshe Teitelbaum was born
Reb Chaim Daskal (223 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Deretchka zt’l. Reb Chaim was always proud that he descended from the Baal Shem Tov, and that his family descends from Dovid Hamelech, 95 generations
Ben Zion Halberstam (1,277 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
‹ The template Infobox rebbe is being considered for merging. › Ben Zion Halberstam (1874–1941) was the second Bobover Rebbe. He was murdered by the Nazis
David Twersky (Skverer Rebbe) (1,030 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
‹ The template Infobox rebbe is being considered for merging. › Rabbi David Twersky (born October 28, 1940), originally spelled Twerski, is the Grand Rabbi
Hoshea Friedman (106 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Hoshea Friedman (1959 - ) is a brigadier general in the IDF. Hoshea Friedman was born in Reshafim, a kibbutz in northeastern Israel. When he was 3 years
Pinchas Biberfeld (405 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Pinchas Paul Biberfeld (31 October 1915 – 23 January 1999) was a rabbi in Germany and Israel. Rabbi Pinchas Paul Biberfeld was born on October 31, 1915
Michel Twerski (322 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Rabbi Michel Twerski is an American Hasidic rabbi. He currently heads the Beth Jehudah congregation in Milwaukee. He is the brother of psychiatrist Rabbi
Yisrael Friedman (Pashkaner Rebbe) (182 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
‹ The template Infobox rebbe is being considered for merging. › Yisrael Friedman (November 8, 1923 – May 1, 2017) was known as the Pashkaner Rebbe (after
Aharon Rokeach (1,600 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
‹ The template Infobox rebbe is being considered for merging. › Aharon Rokeach (19 December 1880 – 18 August 1957) was the fourth Rebbe of the Belz Hasidic
Leib Sarah's (50 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Sarah's (Aryeh Leib the son of Sarah) (1730–1796) was a Chassidic Rebbe and a disciple of the Baal Shem Tov. R. Leib Sarah's at Chabad.org knowledge base
Chaim Yehoshua Halberstam (489 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Chaim Yehoshua Halberstam (Hebrew: חיים יהושע הלבערשטאם‎), also known as Chaim Shia Halberstam, is a Hasidic Jewish rabbi and the Grand Rabbi of the Satmar
Yissachar Dov Rokeach (fifth Belzer rebbe) (2,087 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article
‹ The template Infobox rebbe is being considered for merging. › Yissachar Dov Rokeach (born 19 January 1948) is the fifth and present Rebbe of the Hasidic
Abraham J. Twerski (2,730 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Abraham Joshua Twerski (Hebrew: אֲבְרָהָם יְהוֹשֻׁע טווערסקי; born (1930-10-06)October 6, 1930) is an American Hasidic rabbi, a scion of the Chernobyl
Suite Hébraïque (370 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Suite Hébraïque is similar in style to another of Bloch's compositions, Baal Shem for violin and orchestra (1939). Bloch had composed six pieces, known
Happiness in Judaism (2,698 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
gates completely. The Baal Shem Tov taught that prayer conducted with joy is greater than prayer conducted with tears. The Baal Shem also taught that when
Yitzhak Buxbaum (950 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Fire of the Baal Shem Tov, Yitzhak Buxbaum (book review)". Parabola (31:3). Brussat, Frederic and Mary Ann. "The Light and Fire of the Baal Shem Tov, 2005
Cleveland (Hasidic dynasty) (759 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Grand Rabbi Meir the Great of Premishlan (1703–1773), disciple of the Baal Shem Tov Grand Rabbi Uren Arye Leib of Premishlan (died 1813) disciple of Rabbi
Lugubre (ballet) (250 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Antique; Lucrezia; Alt-Wein; La Cancion; Ronde; Two Poems of the East and Baal Shem. Graham performed with her small company of dancers: Evelyn Sabin, Betty
Revolt (ballet) (314 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Antique; Lucrezia; Alt-Wein; La Cancion; Ronde; Two Poems of the East and Baal Shem. Graham performed with her small company of dancers: Evelyn Sabin, Betty
Chortkov (Hasidic dynasty) (566 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
ben Eliezer (1698-1760) The Baal Shem Tov Dov Ber of Mezeritch (1710-1772) The Maggid of Mezritsh (disciple of the Baal Shem Tov)   Avrohom the Angel Reb
Fragilité (ballet) (393 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Antique; Lucrezia; Alt-Wein; La Cancion; Ronde; Two Poems of the East and Baal Shem. Graham performed with her small company of dancers: Evelyn Sabin, Betty
Anger in Judaism (833 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Number 2." Chabad.org. Accessed December 23, 2014. Rabbi Yisroel Baal Shem Tov. Sefer Baal Shem Tov. Colel Bais Yosef. Melbourne: Australia. 2008. Rabbi Schneur
Transport in Bnei Brak (191 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Elifelet Street Salame Road Ben Tsvi Road Erlich Street Isakov Street Baal Shem Tov Blvd Mahrozet Street Ha'atzmaut Blvd Rothschild Street Jabotinsky
Psalm 136 (351 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
censing of the nave by the Priest(s) or Deacon(s). Light and Fire of the Baal Shem Tov By Yitzhak Buxbaum, page 399 The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 384
Judah ben Samuel of Regensburg (2,104 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
considered different from the 18th-century Hasidic movement founded by the Baal Shem Tov. Judah was born in the small town of Speyer in the modern day Rhineland-Palatinate
List of sofers (13 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Venice Jekuthiel Sofer 18th century Amsterdam Tzvi Sofer 18th century Baal Shem Tov's student and personal sofer Samuel Benjamin Sofer 19th century Pressburg
Meyer Levin (536 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(1930) Yehuda (1931) The Golden Mountain: Marvelous Tales of Rabbi Israel Baal Shem and of his Great-Grandson, Rabbi Nachman, Retold from Hebrew, Yiddish
Sadigura (Hasidic dynasty) (1,553 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
                  Yisroel ben Eliezer (1698-1760) The Baal Shem Tov                                                                                  
Jewish religious movements (3,492 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Judaism was founded by Israel ben Eliezer (1700–1760), also known as the Baal Shem Tov, who had previously called themselves Freylechn ("happy ones") and
Rebbe (2,426 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
States, and was derived from the German Grossrabbiner. Rabbi Yisroel Baal Shem Tov, the founder of Hasidism, is regarded by Hasidim as the first Hasidic
List of compositions by Ernest Bloch (640 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Savoie) Concerto for violin and orchestra (1938 Châtel, Haute Savoie) Baal Shem for violin and orchestra (1939) Concerto Symphonique for piano and orchestra
Dira Betachtonim (293 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Israel Baal Shem Tov Keter Shem Tov Tzavaat HaRivash Dovber of Mezritch Maggid D'vorov L'yaakov
Working Man's Dick (80 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Talking Mody Dick Blues" 3:35 15. "Sround-Like Remains" 2:57 16. "The Baal Shem" 4:18 17. "The Searcher" 2:28 18. "Night at the Opera" 0:52 19. "Chateaux
Tammuz (Hebrew month) (650 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Temple.[citation needed] 21 Tammuz (1636 CE) – Death of the Kabbalist Baal Shem of Worms, grandson of Rabbi Joselman of Rosheim, and author of Michlal
Folk Songs for Far Out Folk (244 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Chili'lo" - 3:56 "Rav's Nigun" - 3:00 "Old Paint" - 4:55 "Manthi-Ki" - 5:09 "Baal Shem Tov" - 4:01 "Foggy, Foggy Dew" - 5:21 Fred Katz - orchestration, conductor
Yampil, Khmelnytskyi Oblast (290 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Michel's grave. (The Ohalim over the graves of Rabbi Michel's masters, the "Baal Shem Tov" and "Magid Of Mezritch", were built years later.) This was copied
Imrei Binah (344 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Israel Baal Shem Tov Keter Shem Tov Tzavaat HaRivash Dovber of Mezritch Maggid D'vorov L'yaakov
Amshinov (Hasidic dynasty) (682 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Mezeritch (the Maggid), the senior disciple of Rabbi Yisroel ben Eliezer (The Baal Shem Tov), the founder of Hasidism. After the death of Rabbi Dovid Biderman
Boyan (Hasidic dynasty) (2,239 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
                  Yisroel ben Eliezer (1698-1760) The Baal Shem Tov                                                                                  
Ayin Beis (412 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Israel Baal Shem Tov Keter Shem Tov Tzavaat HaRivash Dovber of Mezritch Maggid D'vorov L'yaakov
Derech Mitzvosecha (657 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Israel Baal Shem Tov Keter Shem Tov Tzavaat HaRivash Dovber of Mezritch Maggid D'vorov L'yaakov
Dan Ben-Amos (1,029 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Fellowship 1980-1981 National Endowment for the Humanities In Praise of the Baal Shem Tov, editor and translator, in collaboration with Jerome R. Mintz. Bloomington:
Slutsk (854 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Soloveichik (1865–1874), and Isser Zalman Meltzer. According to legend the Baal Shem Tov visited Slutsk in 1733 at the invitation of Shmuel Ickowicz. Despite
Toras Chaim (Chabad) (548 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Israel Baal Shem Tov Keter Shem Tov Tzavaat HaRivash Dovber of Mezritch Maggid D'vorov L'yaakov
Samech Vov (420 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Israel Baal Shem Tov Keter Shem Tov Tzavaat HaRivash Dovber of Mezritch Maggid D'vorov L'yaakov
Breathing and Not Breathing (395 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1:40 "Talking Moby Dick Blues" - 3:37 "Shroud-Like Remains" - 2:59 "The Baal Shem" - 4:20 "The Searcher" - 2:30 "Night at the Opera" - 0:54 "Chateaux Banana
Likutei Torah/Torah Or (539 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Israel Baal Shem Tov Keter Shem Tov Tzavaat HaRivash Dovber of Mezritch Maggid D'vorov L'yaakov
Eli Chaim Carlebach (401 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Carlebach". https://collive.com/the-rebbe-was-recorded-in-1949/ Why the Baal Shem Tov Laughed: Fifty-two Stories about Our Great Chasidic Rabbis – via rowman
Gevurah (1,046 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Chesed able to penetrate the coarse, opposing surface of reality. The Baal Shem Tov discusses the ability of Gevurah to effect Divine withdrawal (Tzimtzum)
Hayom Yom (582 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Israel Baal Shem Tov Keter Shem Tov Tzavaat HaRivash Dovber of Mezritch Maggid D'vorov L'yaakov
Toward a Meaningful Life (269 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Israel Baal Shem Tov Keter Shem Tov Tzavaat HaRivash Dovber of Mezritch Maggid D'vorov L'yaakov
Kitniyot (1,669 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
1700s, when new Ashkenazi immigrants (the students of the Vilna Gaon and Baal Shem Tov) brought with them the custom not to eat fresh kitniyot. Conservative
Violin concerto (1,754 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Leonard Bernstein Serenade, after Plato: Symposium (1954) Ernest Bloch Baal Shem (1939) Max Bruch Romance in A minor, op. 42 (1874) Scottish Fantasy, op
Red Line (Tel Aviv Light Rail) (1,189 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Elifelet Street Salame Road Ben Tsvi Road Erlich Street Isakov Street Baal Shem Tov Blvd Mahrozet Street Ha'atzmaut Blvd Rothschild Street Jabotinsky
Derech Chaim (Chabad) (566 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Israel Baal Shem Tov Keter Shem Tov Tzavaat HaRivash Dovber of Mezritch Maggid D'vorov L'yaakov
Kavanah (1,085 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Dictionary of the Jewish Religion. Oxford University Press. p. 307. ISBN 978-0-19-973004-9. Cohn, Tzvi Meir. Baal Shem Tov Deuteronomy (p.35). BST Publishing
Orthodox Jewish philosophy (723 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Dessler (1892 or 1830–1953), noted for his work Michtav me-Eliyahu Yisroel Baal Shem Tov Dovber of Mezritch, the Maggid of Mezritch The Rebbes of Chabad (most
Avraham Fried (1,332 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
CDs) (1996) Hupp Cossack! (1996) All the Best (1997) Chazak (1997) The Baal Shem Tov's Song (1998) My Fellow Jew - Yochid V'rabim (2001) Avraham Fried
Siddur Im Dach (374 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Israel Baal Shem Tov Keter Shem Tov Tzavaat HaRivash Dovber of Mezritch Maggid D'vorov L'yaakov
Chabad (10,123 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
"Maggid of Mezritch", the successor to Hasidism's founder, Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov. The movement was moved to Lyubavichi (Lubavitch) by the second Rebbe
Belz (1,922 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Lwów 1884 Rabinowicz, Rabbi Tsvi (1989). "Chassidic Rebbes: From the Baal Shem Tov to Modern Times". Targum Press. Yodlov, Yitshak Shlomo. "Sefer Yikhus
Yom-Tov Ehrlich (263 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Hanuvee A Shabbus Mitten Rebben Der Satmerer rebbe (2 Volumes) Bitachon Der Baal Shem Tov (3 Volumes) Ashreinu (2 Volumes) Shoshannas yakkov Emunas Tzadikim
Hong-Mei Xiao (576 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Orchestra - Janos Kovacs, Conductor Bloch: Suite for Viola and Orchestra / Baal Shem / Suite hebraique, Budapest Symphony Bartok: Viola Concertos, Budapest
Neo-Hasidism (1,298 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
20th century, such as Tales of the Hasidic Masters and the Legend of the Baal Shem Tov. In these books, Buber focused on the role of story telling and the
Baltimore Symphony Orchestra (2,792 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Grimaud, piano (Erato Records) 1997***: Barber: Violin Concerto; Bloch: Baal Shem; Walton: Violin Concerto, Joshua Bell, violin (Argo/London) 1997: Bernstein:
Gentile (2,930 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article
Magic: Talismans, Psalms, Amulets, and the Practice of High Ritual. Salomo Baal-Shem, Inner Traditions / Bear & Co, 2013, Chapter 5. 1934-1983., Kaplan, Aryeh
Likkutei Sichos (1,591 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Israel Baal Shem Tov Keter Shem Tov Tzavaat HaRivash Dovber of Mezritch Maggid D'vorov L'yaakov
Tzvi Freeman (957 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
of Purpose (2004) Trembling with Joy: 18 Paths of Joyous Life from the Baal Shem Tov (2011) The Hyper-Modern Ancient With-It Traditional Haggadah (2012)
Fabian Müller (composer) (1,641 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article
Trio (1997) Premiere: Tonhalle Zurich; Zurich String Trio Ernest Bloch: Baal Shem, Transcription for violin and String Orchestra (2014) 20 Transcriptions
Ivry Gitlis (1,850 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
'Legendary Virtuoso', 3CD Bloch, Ernest Nigun -Improvisation- (No.2 from "Baal Shem", Three Pictures of Chassidic Life) Shigeo Neriki, piano 1985/5/8-11,
Shalom Dov Wolpo (2,291 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
can cause hundreds of Jews to stop learning Chassidus, and oppose the Baal Shem Tov and his teachings", he did not publish the book. The book was later
Norman Lamm (3,372 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
mystical teachings of the movement founded in the 18th century by the Baal Shem Tov. Through examination of primary sources, Lamm illustrates the development
History of the Jews in Europe (5,099 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
formal rabbinism came the teachings of Israel ben Eliezer, known as the Baal Shem Tov, or BeShT, (1698–1760), which had a profound effect on the Jews of
Joseph Perl (988 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
2 volumes, 2013 Jonatan Meir. ‘Marketing Demons: Joseph Perl, Israel Baal Shem Tov and the History of One Amulet’, Kabbalah: Journal for the Study of
Anarchism and Orthodox Judaism (4,420 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Jewish legends, before the establishment of the Hasidic movement by the Baal Shem Tov, there existed a secret society of Kabbalists, who hid their mystical
God (10,504 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
wide acceptance in Hasidic Judaism, particularly from their founder The Baal Shem Tov—but only as an addition to the Jewish view of a personal god, not
Constantin Shapiro (1,064 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
University Press. 9 (3): 230. JSTOR 20689249. Yaniv, Shlomo (1990). "The Baal Shem-Tov Ballads of Shimshon Meltzer". Hebrew Annual Review. 12: 167–183. ISSN 0193-7162
List of people on the postage stamps of Israel (2,697 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Physician, Philosopher and Rabbi from the Middle Ages (1953, 2005) Israel Baal Shem Tov* – founder of Hasidic Judaism (1961) Abraham Isaac Kook – Chief Rabbi
Isaac Bashevis Singer (5,102 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
(1972) Shosha (1978) Old Love (1979) Reaches of Heaven: A Story of the Baal Shem Tov (1980) The Penitent (1983) Teibele and Her Demon (1983) (play) The
Handwashing in Judaism (4,547 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
stringency in his Mishneh Torah. Rabbi Hayim Kessar, in his commentary "Baal Shem Tov" (ibid.), says that the enactment only applied to dipping fruits or
Haredi Judaism (13,986 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
Aires, and, to a lesser extent, in Brazil, primarily in São Paulo. The Baal Shem Tov (18th-century founder of Hasidism) The Vilna Gaon (of Lithuania) Chaim
History of the Jews in Ukraine (6,316 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
formal rabbinism came the teachings of Israel ben Eliezer, known as the Baal Shem Tov, or BeShT, (1698–1760), which had a profound effect on the Jews of
Original Jacket Collection (116 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
E-flat Major, Op. 18 Bach: Partita No. 3 in E Major, BWV 1006 Bloch: Baal Shem No 02, Nigun Debussy: La plus que lente Rachmaninoff: Etude-Tableaux in
History of the Jews in Poland (26,051 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article
formal rabbinism came the teachings of Israel ben Eliezer, known as the Baal Shem Tov, or BeShT, (1698–1760), which had a profound effect on the Jews of